Period
to 29 July 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £55,000 in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 26,185 18,351 36,408
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 26.20% 28.89% 27.35%
As % of the Job Titles category 28.77% 30.43% 28.52%
Number of salaries quoted 19,398 15,923 31,629
10th Percentile £34,250 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £67,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £86,250 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +1.01%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
England
Permanent vacancies in England with a recognized job title 91,004 60,302 127,641
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.05% 94.93% 95.90%
Number of salaries quoted 65,601 49,786 104,050
10th Percentile £32,250 £31,250 £28,371
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,000
Median % change year-on-year - +5.77% +4.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Salary trend for Developer in England

Developer
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 12,535 £70,000 - 2,678
South East -1 4,712 £50,000 - 851
North of England -1 3,201 £45,000 - 1,317
Midlands -2 2,279 £45,000 - 773
South West 0 2,040 £45,000 - 459
North West -1 1,599 £47,500 - 762
West Midlands 0 1,452 £45,000 - 473
Yorkshire -1 1,283 £45,000 - 399
East of England -2 914 £50,000 +11.11% 376
East Midlands -1 813 £42,500 +1.49% 297
North East 0 321 £42,500 +1.19% 156
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 12,475 (47.64%) JavaScript
2 10,632 (40.60%) Agile Software Development
3 8,034 (30.68%) React
4 7,575 (28.93%) C#
5 7,494 (28.62%) SQL
6 7,301 (27.88%) .NET
7 6,817 (26.03%) HTML
8 6,680 (25.51%) CSS
9 5,965 (22.78%) Java
10 5,423 (20.71%) Azure
11 5,412 (20.67%) Full Stack Development
12 5,095 (19.46%) AngularJS
13 5,074 (19.38%) Finance
14 4,924 (18.80%) AWS
15 4,647 (17.75%) Git (software)
16 4,291 (16.39%) Social Skills
17 4,266 (16.29%) Software Engineering
18 4,201 (16.04%) Docker
19 4,041 (15.43%) SQL Server
20 4,009 (15.31%) TypeScript
21 3,975 (15.18%) Python
22 3,973 (15.17%) Microservices
23 3,883 (14.83%) TDD
24 3,778 (14.43%) Node.js
25 3,720 (14.21%) Front End Development
26 3,691 (14.10%) DevOps
27 3,315 (12.66%) MVC
28 3,227 (12.32%) REST
29 3,131 (11.96%) Scrum
30 3,024 (11.55%) PHP

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 879 (3.36%) CMS
2 695 (2.65%) WordPress
3 602 (2.30%) Elasticsearch
4 429 (1.64%) Apache
5 383 (1.46%) Confluence
6 382 (1.46%) SharePoint
7 265 (1.01%) Apache Spark
8 231 (0.88%) IIS
9 220 (0.84%) Umbraco
10 218 (0.83%) nginx
11 179 (0.68%) Drupal
12 164 (0.63%) Tomcat
13 134 (0.51%) Apache Solr
14 114 (0.44%) EPiServer
15 101 (0.39%) Sitecore CMS
16 71 (0.27%) WebLogic
17 63 (0.24%) Headless CMS
18 59 (0.23%) Kentico
19 58 (0.22%) Apache Airflow
19 58 (0.22%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 243 (0.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 150 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
3 142 (0.54%) Photoshop
4 107 (0.41%) Sketch
5 96 (0.37%) Figma
6 78 (0.30%) Adobe Illustrator
7 69 (0.26%) Adobe XD
8 44 (0.17%) InVision
9 35 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 33 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
11 29 (0.11%) Chatbot
12 28 (0.11%) Campfire
13 27 (0.10%) GIMP
14 23 (0.088%) MS Visio
15 17 (0.065%) Zeplin
16 14 (0.053%) Microsoft PowerPoint
16 14 (0.053%) Simulink
17 13 (0.050%) InDesign
18 12 (0.046%) Microsoft Project
19 9 (0.034%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 261 (1.00%) Dynamics CRM
2 225 (0.86%) Magento
3 138 (0.53%) Shopify
4 90 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
5 49 (0.19%) NetSuite
6 48 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
7 42 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
8 26 (0.099%) Distributed Ledger
9 25 (0.095%) Visualfiles
10 18 (0.069%) MetaTrader
11 15 (0.057%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 14 (0.053%) WebTrends
13 13 (0.050%) Oracle Applications
14 12 (0.046%) SAP Business One
14 12 (0.046%) Sentinel
15 11 (0.042%) Oracle EBS
16 10 (0.038%) Elite 3E
17 9 (0.034%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
17 9 (0.034%) Summit
18 8 (0.031%) OpenCart
Cloud Services
1 5,423 (20.71%) Azure
2 4,924 (18.80%) AWS
3 1,681 (6.42%) Serverless
4 1,542 (5.89%) GCP
5 1,422 (5.43%) SaaS
6 1,144 (4.37%) Power Platform
7 1,027 (3.92%) GitHub
8 903 (3.45%) AWS Lambda
9 589 (2.25%) Amazon S3
10 498 (1.90%) Amazon EC2
10 498 (1.90%) npm
11 335 (1.28%) Dynamics 365
12 307 (1.17%) PaaS
13 305 (1.16%) Azure Service Bus
14 292 (1.12%) Amazon SQS
15 281 (1.07%) Azure Functions
16 263 (1.00%) PowerApps
17 231 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
17 231 (0.88%) Firebase
18 212 (0.81%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 393 (1.50%) HTTP
2 308 (1.18%) Internet
3 251 (0.96%) Broadband
4 92 (0.35%) DNS
5 71 (0.27%) AMQP
6 65 (0.25%) SSL
7 58 (0.22%) FTP
8 55 (0.21%) TCP/IP
9 48 (0.18%) Intranet
10 42 (0.16%) SSH
11 38 (0.15%) Skype
12 37 (0.14%) SMTP
12 37 (0.14%) Wireless
13 35 (0.13%) Bluetooth
14 34 (0.13%) Network Security
15 33 (0.13%) VPN
16 30 (0.11%) Firewall
17 27 (0.10%) 5G
18 25 (0.095%) VoIP
19 20 (0.076%) Extranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,041 (15.43%) SQL Server
2 2,467 (9.42%) MySQL
3 1,659 (6.34%) NoSQL
4 1,340 (5.12%) PostgreSQL
5 1,331 (5.08%) MongoDB
6 1,295 (4.95%) Relational Database
7 993 (3.79%) Power BI
8 836 (3.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 768 (2.93%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 744 (2.84%) Big Data
11 726 (2.77%) Data Warehouse
12 582 (2.22%) Redis
13 505 (1.93%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 372 (1.42%) RDBMS
15 361 (1.38%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 357 (1.36%) Amazon RDS
17 257 (0.98%) Azure SQL Database
18 241 (0.92%) Oracle Database
19 239 (0.91%) Hadoop
20 229 (0.87%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 4,647 (17.75%) Git (software)
2 1,519 (5.80%) Jenkins
3 1,177 (4.49%) JIRA
4 767 (2.93%) webpack
5 746 (2.85%) Visual Studio
6 566 (2.16%) Maven
7 445 (1.70%) Team Foundation Server
8 441 (1.68%) JUnit
9 416 (1.59%) TeamCity
10 391 (1.49%) Selenium
11 388 (1.48%) Bitbucket
12 371 (1.42%) GitLab
13 363 (1.39%) Cypress.io
14 335 (1.28%) gulp
15 307 (1.17%) Octopus Deploy
16 306 (1.17%) Gradle
17 274 (1.05%) NUnit
18 249 (0.95%) Cucumber
19 246 (0.94%) Mockito
20 231 (0.88%) Subversion
General
1 5,074 (19.38%) Finance
2 4,291 (16.39%) Social Skills
3 1,293 (4.94%) Banking
4 1,235 (4.72%) Analytical Skills
5 1,061 (4.05%) Marketing
6 980 (3.74%) Retail
7 900 (3.44%) Games
8 899 (3.43%) Front Office
9 554 (2.12%) Public Sector
10 455 (1.74%) Manufacturing
11 431 (1.65%) Law
12 365 (1.39%) Organisational Skills
13 344 (1.31%) Advertising
14 327 (1.25%) Investment Banking
15 295 (1.13%) Telecoms
16 292 (1.12%) Legal
17 239 (0.91%) Electronics
18 218 (0.83%) Back Office
19 212 (0.81%) Automotive
20 202 (0.77%) Financial Institution
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8,034 (30.68%) React
2 7,301 (27.88%) .NET
3 6,817 (26.03%) HTML
4 6,680 (25.51%) CSS
5 5,095 (19.46%) AngularJS
6 3,778 (14.43%) Node.js
7 3,227 (12.32%) REST
8 2,911 (11.12%) .NET Core
9 2,890 (11.04%) Web Services
10 2,431 (9.28%) ASP.NET
11 2,383 (9.10%) Vue.js
12 2,305 (8.80%) RESTful
13 2,264 (8.65%) HTML5
14 2,222 (8.49%) Spring
15 2,000 (7.64%) jQuery
16 1,618 (6.18%) .NET Framework
17 1,398 (5.34%) Redux
18 1,365 (5.21%) CSS3
19 1,362 (5.20%) Sass
20 1,277 (4.88%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 2,515 (9.60%) User Experience
2 2,025 (7.73%) Greenfield Project
3 1,442 (5.51%) Mobile App
4 697 (2.66%) Self-Motivation
5 560 (2.14%) Derivative
5 560 (2.14%) Hedge funds
6 530 (2.02%) Fixed Income
7 524 (2.00%) Equities
8 520 (1.99%) Algorithms
9 493 (1.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 457 (1.75%) Data Structures
11 391 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
12 329 (1.26%) Virtual Team
13 293 (1.12%) Legacy Systems
14 290 (1.11%) Social Media
15 260 (0.99%) NHS
16 223 (0.85%) Cloud Native
17 191 (0.73%) Linux Command Line
18 179 (0.68%) Blog
19 159 (0.61%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 1,974 (7.54%) Linux
2 1,205 (4.60%) Android
3 1,130 (4.32%) Apple iOS
4 862 (3.29%) Windows
5 527 (2.01%) Unix
6 109 (0.42%) Ubuntu
7 107 (0.41%) Windows Server
8 67 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 55 (0.21%) CentOS
10 38 (0.15%) VMS
11 36 (0.14%) Windows Server 2016
12 33 (0.13%) Windows 10
13 23 (0.088%) Embedded Linux
14 21 (0.080%) Windows 7
14 21 (0.080%) Windows Server 2012
15 20 (0.076%) Debian
16 18 (0.069%) Fedora
17 17 (0.065%) Mesosphere
18 15 (0.057%) Mac OS
19 14 (0.053%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,632 (40.60%) Agile Software Development
2 5,412 (20.67%) Full Stack Development
3 4,266 (16.29%) Software Engineering
4 3,973 (15.17%) Microservices
5 3,883 (14.83%) TDD
6 3,720 (14.21%) Front End Development
7 3,691 (14.10%) DevOps
8 3,315 (12.66%) MVC
9 3,131 (11.96%) Scrum
10 2,664 (10.17%) Problem-Solving
11 2,540 (9.70%) Web Development
12 2,162 (8.26%) Fintech
13 2,011 (7.68%) OO
14 1,974 (7.54%) Continuous Integration
15 1,966 (7.51%) Computer Science
16 1,922 (7.34%) Mentoring
17 1,910 (7.29%) Test Automation
18 1,856 (7.09%) Unit Testing
19 1,639 (6.26%) SDLC
20 1,630 (6.22%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 12,475 (47.64%) JavaScript
2 7,575 (28.93%) C#
3 7,494 (28.62%) SQL
4 5,965 (22.78%) Java
5 4,009 (15.31%) TypeScript
6 3,975 (15.18%) Python
7 3,024 (11.55%) PHP
8 1,259 (4.81%) T-SQL
9 1,009 (3.85%) C++
10 938 (3.58%) ES6
11 897 (3.43%) Java 8
12 861 (3.29%) Kotlin
13 766 (2.93%) Go
14 546 (2.09%) Scala
15 529 (2.02%) Ruby
16 466 (1.78%) Apple Swift
17 447 (1.71%) C
18 384 (1.47%) PowerShell
19 335 (1.28%) PL/SQL
20 321 (1.23%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 2,333 (8.91%) Degree
2 1,029 (3.93%) Computer Science Degree
3 698 (2.67%) Security Cleared
4 564 (2.15%) SC Cleared
5 208 (0.79%) Master's Degree
6 99 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
7 87 (0.33%) DV Cleared
8 86 (0.33%) PhD
9 82 (0.31%) Numerate Degree
10 62 (0.24%) AWS Certification
11 33 (0.13%) Oracle Certification
12 32 (0.12%) OCP
13 24 (0.092%) SANS
14 22 (0.084%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 19 (0.073%) DBS Check
15 19 (0.073%) ISTQB
16 17 (0.065%) MBA
17 13 (0.050%) HND
18 9 (0.034%) CFA
19 7 (0.027%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 942 (3.60%) QA
2 525 (2.00%) Accessibility
3 137 (0.52%) Data Quality
4 114 (0.44%) GDPR
5 84 (0.32%) WCAG
6 58 (0.22%) PCI DSS
7 40 (0.15%) SLA
8 38 (0.15%) GRC
9 33 (0.13%) MiFID
10 32 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 29 (0.11%) EMIR
12 23 (0.088%) PMO
13 19 (0.073%) MISRA
14 18 (0.069%) ECSS
14 18 (0.069%) MISRA C
15 13 (0.050%) CRD IV
16 12 (0.046%) ISO 20022
17 11 (0.042%) ISO 13485
18 10 (0.038%) IEC 62304
18 10 (0.038%) WAI
System Software
1 4,201 (16.04%) Docker
2 118 (0.45%) Active Directory
3 49 (0.19%) Firmware
4 48 (0.18%) HDFS
5 36 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
6 33 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 30 (0.11%) NDS
7 30 (0.11%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 30 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
8 19 (0.073%) Postfix
9 15 (0.057%) ISA Server
10 11 (0.042%) etcd
11 8 (0.031%) Hyper-V
11 8 (0.031%) Varnish
12 7 (0.027%) Ceph
13 6 (0.023%) LXC
13 6 (0.023%) Time Sharing Option
13 6 (0.023%) VMware ESXi
14 4 (0.015%) Kamailio
14 4 (0.015%) OpenSIPS
Systems Management
1 2,657 (10.15%) Kubernetes
2 1,057 (4.04%) Terraform
3 369 (1.41%) Ansible
4 131 (0.50%) Opscode Chef
5 116 (0.44%) Puppet
6 93 (0.36%) Grafana
7 86 (0.33%) Prometheus
8 75 (0.29%) Kibana
9 46 (0.18%) Consul
10 39 (0.15%) logstash
11 36 (0.14%) Graphite
12 34 (0.13%) Hadoop YARN
13 32 (0.12%) Packer
14 30 (0.11%) NetIQ Identity Manager
15 28 (0.11%) Opsgenie
16 26 (0.099%) Graylog
17 25 (0.095%) Bugsnag
17 25 (0.095%) HAProxy
18 22 (0.084%) Rancher
19 18 (0.069%) MIIS
Vendors
1 2,693 (10.28%) Microsoft
2 1,153 (4.40%) Oracle
3 1,085 (4.14%) Google
4 505 (1.93%) Salesforce.com
5 339 (1.29%) SAP
6 303 (1.16%) Zend
7 291 (1.11%) Adobe
8 207 (0.79%) Xamarin
9 195 (0.74%) Apple
10 159 (0.61%) ServiceNow
11 153 (0.58%) Atlassian
12 142 (0.54%) Sybase
13 139 (0.53%) Sitecore
14 127 (0.49%) IBM
15 96 (0.37%) VMware
15 96 (0.37%) WooCommerce
16 89 (0.34%) Splunk
17 85 (0.32%) Databricks
18 76 (0.29%) Informatica
19 67 (0.26%) Nintex