Period
to 23 January 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £55,000 in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 23 January 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
23 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 1 2 2
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 -1
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 17,446 32,828 40,651
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 30.31% 28.24% 28.81%
As % of the Job Titles category 31.89% 29.56% 30.02%
Number of salaries quoted 18,623 30,921 38,149
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £85,850 £85,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +8.70%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
England
Permanent vacancies in England with a recognized job title 54,705 111,069 135,403
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.04% 95.53% 95.96%
Number of salaries quoted 44,958 90,665 110,668
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £51,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +1.94% +3.00%
10th Percentile £32,250 £28,750 £28,296
90th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Salary trend for Developer in England

Developer
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 23 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 23 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 7,193 £70,000 +7.69% 1,803
South East 0 3,248 £52,500 +5.00% 645
North of England +1 2,832 £45,000 - 1,079
South West +1 1,594 £46,000 +3.38% 390
North West +1 1,571 £47,500 +5.56% 640
Midlands 0 1,569 £45,000 +5.88% 614
Yorkshire 0 942 £43,500 -3.33% 340
West Midlands 0 912 £45,500 +7.06% 383
East of England +1 702 £48,500 -3.00% 270
East Midlands 0 655 £44,000 +3.53% 231
North East +1 318 £47,500 +18.75% 99
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 23 January 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 8,372 (47.99%) JavaScript
2 6,795 (38.95%) Agile Software Development
3 5,398 (30.94%) C#
4 5,280 (30.26%) .NET
5 5,017 (28.76%) HTML
6 4,847 (27.78%) CSS
7 4,732 (27.12%) SQL
8 4,025 (23.07%) Java
9 3,748 (21.48%) React
10 3,669 (21.03%) Azure
11 3,464 (19.86%) AngularJS
12 3,187 (18.27%) Finance
13 2,950 (16.91%) AWS
14 2,877 (16.49%) SQL Server
15 2,766 (15.85%) Python
16 2,733 (15.67%) Git (software)
17 2,732 (15.66%) DevOps
18 2,717 (15.57%) TDD
19 2,518 (14.43%) MVC
20 2,515 (14.42%) Microservices
21 2,277 (13.05%) .NET Core
22 2,273 (13.03%) Node.js
23 2,245 (12.87%) Software Engineering
24 2,149 (12.32%) PHP
25 2,145 (12.30%) Docker
26 2,069 (11.86%) ASP.NET
27 2,042 (11.70%) Front End Development
28 1,912 (10.96%) TypeScript
29 1,904 (10.91%) Scrum
30 1,775 (10.17%) Web Development

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 588 (3.37%) CMS
2 392 (2.25%) WordPress
3 355 (2.03%) Elasticsearch
4 294 (1.69%) Apache
5 274 (1.57%) SharePoint
6 248 (1.42%) Confluence
7 198 (1.13%) Apache Spark
8 146 (0.84%) IIS
9 131 (0.75%) Umbraco
10 125 (0.72%) NServiceBus
11 111 (0.64%) Drupal
12 99 (0.57%) Sitecore CMS
13 95 (0.54%) Tomcat
14 78 (0.45%) nginx
15 75 (0.43%) WebSphere
16 72 (0.41%) EPiServer
17 59 (0.34%) JBoss
18 54 (0.31%) BizTalk Server
19 50 (0.29%) Apache Airflow
20 45 (0.26%) Kentico
Applications
1 166 (0.95%) Microsoft Excel
2 113 (0.65%) Photoshop
3 88 (0.50%) Sketch
4 77 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
5 75 (0.43%) Adobe XD
6 70 (0.40%) Figma
7 57 (0.33%) Adobe Illustrator
8 46 (0.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 36 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
10 32 (0.18%) InVision
11 29 (0.17%) Zeplin
12 24 (0.14%) Chatbot
13 13 (0.075%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 10 (0.057%) MS Visio
15 3 (0.017%) AutoCAD
15 3 (0.017%) GIMP
16 2 (0.011%) Fireworks
16 2 (0.011%) Inkscape
17 1 (0.006%) Camtasia
17 1 (0.006%) Marvel
Business Applications
1 270 (1.55%) Magento
2 253 (1.45%) Dynamics CRM
3 97 (0.56%) Shopify
4 63 (0.36%) Payment Gateway
5 34 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
6 33 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
7 28 (0.16%) OpenCart
8 21 (0.12%) NetSuite
8 21 (0.12%) nopCommerce
9 19 (0.11%) Sentinel
10 17 (0.097%) R3 Corda
10 17 (0.097%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 12 (0.069%) Visualfiles
12 10 (0.057%) FINCAD Analytics
12 10 (0.057%) Odoo
13 9 (0.052%) Maximo
13 9 (0.052%) Remedy ITSM
13 9 (0.052%) Summit
14 8 (0.046%) Oracle EBS
15 7 (0.040%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 3,669 (21.03%) Azure
2 2,950 (16.91%) AWS
3 835 (4.79%) GCP
4 792 (4.54%) SaaS
5 759 (4.35%) Serverless
6 577 (3.31%) Power Platform
7 396 (2.27%) AWS Lambda
8 387 (2.22%) GitHub
9 242 (1.39%) Amazon EC2
10 235 (1.35%) PaaS
11 215 (1.23%) Dynamics 365
12 207 (1.19%) Amazon S3
13 192 (1.10%) npm
14 135 (0.77%) IaaS
15 127 (0.73%) Azure Functions
16 110 (0.63%) Azure Data Factory
17 99 (0.57%) Office 365
18 96 (0.55%) Amazon ECS
19 91 (0.52%) Cloud Computing
20 89 (0.51%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 283 (1.62%) HTTP
2 142 (0.81%) Internet
3 128 (0.73%) Skype
4 64 (0.37%) TCP/IP
5 38 (0.22%) Intranet
6 30 (0.17%) Network Security
7 27 (0.15%) FTP
8 25 (0.14%) Firewall
9 19 (0.11%) Broadband
10 17 (0.097%) SSH
11 15 (0.086%) SSL
12 14 (0.080%) AMQP
12 14 (0.080%) Wi-Fi
13 13 (0.075%) DNS
14 11 (0.063%) Bluetooth
15 10 (0.057%) WEP
16 9 (0.052%) DAB
17 8 (0.046%) RTP
17 8 (0.046%) Wireless
18 7 (0.040%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,877 (16.49%) SQL Server
2 1,656 (9.49%) MySQL
3 988 (5.66%) NoSQL
4 895 (5.13%) MongoDB
5 850 (4.87%) PostgreSQL
6 808 (4.63%) Relational Database
7 574 (3.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 536 (3.07%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 489 (2.80%) Data Warehouse
10 482 (2.76%) Power BI
11 351 (2.01%) Big Data
12 324 (1.86%) Redis
13 260 (1.49%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 242 (1.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 163 (0.93%) Azure SQL Database
16 141 (0.81%) Hadoop
17 133 (0.76%) Tableau
18 127 (0.73%) SQL Server 2012
19 122 (0.70%) Data Lake
20 119 (0.68%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 2,733 (15.67%) Git (software)
2 707 (4.05%) Jenkins
3 660 (3.78%) JIRA
4 461 (2.64%) Visual Studio
5 379 (2.17%) Selenium
6 353 (2.02%) webpack
7 347 (1.99%) Team Foundation Server
8 300 (1.72%) JUnit
9 276 (1.58%) Maven
10 272 (1.56%) TeamCity
11 208 (1.19%) Bitbucket
11 208 (1.19%) gulp
12 171 (0.98%) NUnit
12 171 (0.98%) Octopus Deploy
13 160 (0.92%) Cucumber
14 159 (0.91%) Grunt
15 152 (0.87%) Gradle
16 147 (0.84%) Subversion
17 138 (0.79%) Mockito
18 137 (0.79%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 3,187 (18.27%) Finance
2 763 (4.37%) Front Office
3 712 (4.08%) Banking
4 628 (3.60%) Marketing
5 533 (3.06%) Public Sector
6 522 (2.99%) Retail
7 466 (2.67%) Games
8 274 (1.57%) Manufacturing
9 266 (1.52%) Telecoms
10 220 (1.26%) Law
11 188 (1.08%) Investment Banking
12 175 (1.00%) Electronics
13 140 (0.80%) Advertising
14 119 (0.68%) Legal
15 104 (0.60%) Automotive
15 104 (0.60%) Back Office
16 70 (0.40%) Publishing
17 64 (0.37%) Local Government
18 58 (0.33%) Financial Institution
19 31 (0.18%) Multimedia
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,280 (30.26%) .NET
2 5,017 (28.76%) HTML
3 4,847 (27.78%) CSS
4 3,748 (21.48%) React
5 3,464 (19.86%) AngularJS
6 2,277 (13.05%) .NET Core
7 2,273 (13.03%) Node.js
8 2,069 (11.86%) ASP.NET
9 1,760 (10.09%) Web Services
10 1,742 (9.99%) Vue.js
11 1,681 (9.64%) REST
12 1,610 (9.23%) HTML5
13 1,453 (8.33%) jQuery
14 1,410 (8.08%) RESTful
15 1,396 (8.00%) Spring
16 1,321 (7.57%) .NET Framework
17 1,030 (5.90%) CSS3
18 950 (5.45%) ASP.NET Web API
19 893 (5.12%) Laravel
20 878 (5.03%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 1,415 (8.11%) Greenfield Project
2 1,268 (7.27%) User Experience
3 914 (5.24%) Analytical Skills
4 848 (4.86%) Mobile App
5 502 (2.88%) Hedge funds
6 485 (2.78%) Fixed Income
7 464 (2.66%) Derivative
8 413 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
9 404 (2.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 392 (2.25%) Equities
11 305 (1.75%) Algorithms
12 245 (1.40%) Data Structures
13 239 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
14 168 (0.96%) Blog
14 168 (0.96%) Virtual Team
15 140 (0.80%) Cloud Native
16 117 (0.67%) N-Tier
17 111 (0.64%) NHS
18 93 (0.53%) Social Media
19 90 (0.52%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 1,168 (6.69%) Linux
2 714 (4.09%) Android
3 605 (3.47%) Apple iOS
4 553 (3.17%) Windows
5 204 (1.17%) Unix
6 86 (0.49%) Windows Server
7 70 (0.40%) Ubuntu
8 48 (0.28%) CentOS
9 19 (0.11%) Debian
10 18 (0.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 15 (0.086%) Mac OS
12 11 (0.063%) VMS
13 9 (0.052%) Embedded Linux
14 8 (0.046%) Mac OS X
14 8 (0.046%) Solaris
15 7 (0.040%) Amazon Linux
15 7 (0.040%) Windows Server 2016
16 6 (0.034%) Oracle Linux
16 6 (0.034%) Windows Server 2008
17 5 (0.029%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,795 (38.95%) Agile Software Development
2 2,732 (15.66%) DevOps
3 2,717 (15.57%) TDD
4 2,518 (14.43%) MVC
5 2,515 (14.42%) Microservices
6 2,245 (12.87%) Software Engineering
7 2,042 (11.70%) Front End Development
8 1,904 (10.91%) Scrum
9 1,775 (10.17%) Web Development
10 1,301 (7.46%) OO
11 1,277 (7.32%) Fintech
12 1,264 (7.25%) Problem-Solving
13 1,184 (6.79%) Test Automation
14 1,136 (6.51%) Continuous Integration
15 1,120 (6.42%) Unit Testing
16 1,061 (6.08%) Mentoring
17 1,029 (5.90%) Computer Science
18 973 (5.58%) BDD
18 973 (5.58%) Business Intelligence
19 903 (5.18%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 8,372 (47.99%) JavaScript
2 5,398 (30.94%) C#
3 4,732 (27.12%) SQL
4 4,025 (23.07%) Java
5 2,766 (15.85%) Python
6 2,149 (12.32%) PHP
7 1,912 (10.96%) TypeScript
8 770 (4.41%) C++
9 769 (4.41%) T-SQL
10 566 (3.24%) Java 8
11 552 (3.16%) Kotlin
12 447 (2.56%) ES6
13 398 (2.28%) Scala
14 346 (1.98%) Ruby
15 339 (1.94%) Go
16 285 (1.63%) C
17 237 (1.36%) Apple Swift
18 234 (1.34%) VB.NET
19 214 (1.23%) PowerShell
20 200 (1.15%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 1,436 (8.23%) Degree
2 555 (3.18%) Computer Science Degree
3 501 (2.87%) Security Cleared
4 386 (2.21%) SC Cleared
5 83 (0.48%) DV Cleared
6 67 (0.38%) Master's Degree
7 66 (0.38%) PhD
8 48 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
9 44 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
10 22 (0.13%) ISTQB
11 15 (0.086%) ISEB
11 15 (0.086%) Postgraduate
12 11 (0.063%) HNC
12 11 (0.063%) PMI Certification
13 10 (0.057%) DBS Check
13 10 (0.057%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 9 (0.052%) AWS Certification
15 8 (0.046%) CTC Cleared
15 8 (0.046%) HND
15 8 (0.046%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 595 (3.41%) QA
2 70 (0.40%) Data Quality
3 48 (0.28%) GDPR
4 27 (0.15%) WCAG
5 25 (0.14%) SLA
6 22 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 22 (0.13%) NIST
7 16 (0.092%) MiFID
8 15 (0.086%) ISO 9001
9 14 (0.080%) WAI
10 13 (0.075%) Dodd-Frank
10 13 (0.075%) EMIR
11 11 (0.063%) ISO 13485
12 8 (0.046%) PCI DSS
13 4 (0.023%) PSD2
14 3 (0.017%) PMO
15 2 (0.011%) BS25999
15 2 (0.011%) HIPAA
15 2 (0.011%) IEC 62304
15 2 (0.011%) NCSC
System Software
1 2,145 (12.30%) Docker
2 56 (0.32%) Active Directory
3 26 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (0.10%) Firmware
5 16 (0.092%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 14 (0.080%) Hyper-V
7 12 (0.069%) HDFS
8 11 (0.063%) Postfix
9 10 (0.057%) Virtual Machines
10 9 (0.052%) KVM
11 6 (0.034%) Ceph
11 6 (0.034%) LXC
11 6 (0.034%) vSphere
11 6 (0.034%) Xen
12 5 (0.029%) NDS
12 5 (0.029%) Varnish
13 4 (0.023%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 1 (0.006%) NFS
14 1 (0.006%) Terminal Services
14 1 (0.006%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 1,428 (8.19%) Kubernetes
2 432 (2.48%) Terraform
3 174 (1.00%) Ansible
4 101 (0.58%) Puppet
5 92 (0.53%) Opscode Chef
6 60 (0.34%) Grafana
7 37 (0.21%) Kibana
8 27 (0.15%) Prometheus
9 22 (0.13%) Single Sign-On
10 20 (0.11%) MIIS
11 15 (0.086%) Packer
12 12 (0.069%) Docker Swarm
12 12 (0.069%) Istio
13 11 (0.063%) logstash
13 11 (0.063%) Rancher
14 9 (0.052%) Hadoop YARN
15 7 (0.040%) Marathon
15 7 (0.040%) Mesos
16 6 (0.034%) Proxmox
17 5 (0.029%) cPanel
Vendors
1 1,761 (10.09%) Microsoft
2 634 (3.63%) Google
3 549 (3.15%) Oracle
4 435 (2.49%) Salesforce.com
5 235 (1.35%) Xamarin
6 234 (1.34%) SAP
7 224 (1.28%) Adobe
8 183 (1.05%) Zend
9 126 (0.72%) Sitecore
10 124 (0.71%) Apple
11 109 (0.62%) IBM
12 102 (0.58%) MuleSoft
13 96 (0.55%) ServiceNow
14 88 (0.50%) Atlassian
15 78 (0.45%) Databricks
16 71 (0.41%) Splunk
17 59 (0.34%) VMware
18 45 (0.26%) Nintex
18 45 (0.26%) Red Hat
19 40 (0.23%) UiPath