Period
to 13 April 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £55,000 in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 20,748 29,978 38,898
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 28.06% 28.55% 28.19%
As % of the Job Titles category 30.16% 29.96% 29.36%
Number of salaries quoted 17,770 25,931 33,762
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £81,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
England
Permanent vacancies in England with a recognized job title 68,786 100,066 132,502
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.02% 95.30% 96.04%
Number of salaries quoted 55,008 81,900 107,891
10th Percentile £32,000 £30,000 £28,750
25th Percentile £41,250 £38,750 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £73,750 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Salary trend for Developer in England

Developer
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 8,727 £70,000 +3.70% 2,229
South East 0 3,860 £52,500 +5.00% 753
North of England 0 3,095 £45,000 - 1,165
South West 0 1,961 £45,000 +5.88% 414
Midlands 0 1,926 £45,000 +5.88% 702
North West 0 1,643 £46,500 +3.33% 669
Yorkshire 0 1,163 £43,500 -1.14% 363
West Midlands 0 1,136 £45,000 - 421
East Midlands 0 782 £42,500 - 277
East of England 0 775 £50,000 +5.26% 307
North East 0 291 £42,500 +2.41% 133
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 10,033 (48.36%) JavaScript
2 7,991 (38.51%) Agile Software Development
3 6,470 (31.18%) C#
4 6,233 (30.04%) .NET
5 5,776 (27.84%) SQL
6 5,758 (27.75%) HTML
7 5,617 (27.07%) CSS
8 4,677 (22.54%) React
9 4,634 (22.33%) Java
10 4,432 (21.36%) Azure
11 3,911 (18.85%) AngularJS
12 3,794 (18.29%) Finance
13 3,624 (17.47%) AWS
14 3,341 (16.10%) SQL Server
15 3,332 (16.06%) Git (software)
16 3,127 (15.07%) DevOps
17 3,064 (14.77%) Python
18 3,039 (14.65%) Microservices
19 2,993 (14.43%) Software Engineering
20 2,955 (14.24%) Docker
21 2,942 (14.18%) TDD
22 2,890 (13.93%) MVC
23 2,725 (13.13%) PHP
24 2,657 (12.81%) Node.js
25 2,636 (12.70%) .NET Core
26 2,562 (12.35%) Front End Development
27 2,468 (11.90%) TypeScript
28 2,227 (10.73%) ASP.NET
29 2,208 (10.64%) Scrum
30 2,164 (10.43%) Web Services

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 702 (3.38%) CMS
2 486 (2.34%) WordPress
3 401 (1.93%) Elasticsearch
4 369 (1.78%) SharePoint
5 293 (1.41%) Apache
6 287 (1.38%) Confluence
7 227 (1.09%) Apache Spark
8 173 (0.83%) IIS
9 171 (0.82%) Umbraco
10 151 (0.73%) Drupal
11 137 (0.66%) Tomcat
12 128 (0.62%) Sitecore CMS
13 115 (0.55%) EPiServer
14 96 (0.46%) nginx
15 82 (0.40%) NServiceBus
16 65 (0.31%) Kentico
17 64 (0.31%) BizTalk Server
17 64 (0.31%) JBoss
17 64 (0.31%) WebSphere
18 50 (0.24%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 177 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 113 (0.54%) Photoshop
3 107 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
4 106 (0.51%) Sketch
5 79 (0.38%) Figma
6 73 (0.35%) Adobe Illustrator
7 72 (0.35%) Adobe XD
8 53 (0.26%) InVision
9 50 (0.24%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 35 (0.17%) Chatbot
11 29 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
12 22 (0.11%) Zeplin
13 14 (0.067%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 7 (0.034%) AutoCAD
15 6 (0.029%) Adobe After Effects
15 6 (0.029%) Fireworks
15 6 (0.029%) GIMP
15 6 (0.029%) MS Visio
16 5 (0.024%) InfoPath
16 5 (0.024%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 275 (1.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 221 (1.07%) Magento
3 118 (0.57%) Shopify
4 64 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
5 53 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
6 39 (0.19%) NetSuite
7 38 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
8 28 (0.13%) OpenCart
9 22 (0.11%) nopCommerce
10 17 (0.082%) SAP Business One
10 17 (0.082%) Visualfiles
11 15 (0.072%) R3 Corda
12 14 (0.067%) Sentinel
12 14 (0.067%) Summit
13 13 (0.063%) Infor M3
14 12 (0.058%) Salesforce.com CRM
15 11 (0.053%) FINCAD Analytics
15 11 (0.053%) Oracle Applications
16 8 (0.039%) Oracle EBS
17 7 (0.034%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 4,432 (21.36%) Azure
2 3,624 (17.47%) AWS
3 1,122 (5.41%) SaaS
4 1,078 (5.20%) GCP
5 947 (4.56%) Serverless
6 796 (3.84%) Power Platform
7 488 (2.35%) GitHub
8 452 (2.18%) AWS Lambda
9 293 (1.41%) PaaS
10 274 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
11 241 (1.16%) npm
12 238 (1.15%) Amazon S3
13 225 (1.08%) Dynamics 365
14 214 (1.03%) Azure Functions
15 156 (0.75%) Amazon ECS
16 146 (0.70%) Amazon SQS
17 141 (0.68%) Azure Active Directory
17 141 (0.68%) Microsoft 365
17 141 (0.68%) PowerApps
18 116 (0.56%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 258 (1.24%) HTTP
2 205 (0.99%) Internet
3 81 (0.39%) Skype
4 66 (0.32%) TCP/IP
5 51 (0.25%) FTP
6 50 (0.24%) Intranet
7 43 (0.21%) Network Security
8 36 (0.17%) SSH
9 33 (0.16%) Broadband
10 32 (0.15%) SSL
11 25 (0.12%) Firewall
11 25 (0.12%) Wireless
12 24 (0.12%) AMQP
13 20 (0.096%) DNS
14 17 (0.082%) SMTP
15 15 (0.072%) Bluetooth
16 14 (0.067%) VoIP
17 11 (0.053%) HTTPS
18 9 (0.043%) Asterisk PBX
18 9 (0.043%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,341 (16.10%) SQL Server
2 2,043 (9.85%) MySQL
3 1,058 (5.10%) NoSQL
4 1,041 (5.02%) MongoDB
5 1,030 (4.96%) PostgreSQL
6 961 (4.63%) Relational Database
7 686 (3.31%) Power BI
8 645 (3.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 621 (2.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 567 (2.73%) Data Warehouse
11 368 (1.77%) Big Data
12 355 (1.71%) Redis
13 298 (1.44%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 245 (1.18%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 237 (1.14%) RDBMS
16 212 (1.02%) Azure SQL Database
17 182 (0.88%) Hadoop
18 167 (0.80%) Tableau
19 141 (0.68%) Amazon RDS
20 125 (0.60%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 3,332 (16.06%) Git (software)
2 905 (4.36%) Jenkins
3 749 (3.61%) JIRA
4 583 (2.81%) Visual Studio
5 429 (2.07%) webpack
6 398 (1.92%) Maven
7 383 (1.85%) Team Foundation Server
8 365 (1.76%) Selenium
9 322 (1.55%) JUnit
10 284 (1.37%) TeamCity
11 254 (1.22%) gulp
12 239 (1.15%) Bitbucket
13 221 (1.07%) Cypress.io
14 208 (1.00%) GitLab
15 200 (0.96%) Subversion
16 195 (0.94%) Cucumber
17 191 (0.92%) Gradle
18 189 (0.91%) Octopus Deploy
19 187 (0.90%) Visual Studio Team System
20 185 (0.89%) NUnit
General
1 3,794 (18.29%) Finance
2 919 (4.43%) Banking
3 847 (4.08%) Front Office
4 792 (3.82%) Marketing
5 681 (3.28%) Retail
6 622 (3.00%) Games
7 616 (2.97%) Public Sector
8 398 (1.92%) Manufacturing
9 361 (1.74%) Telecoms
10 311 (1.50%) Law
11 270 (1.30%) Electronics
12 215 (1.04%) Investment Banking
13 198 (0.95%) Advertising
14 170 (0.82%) Legal
15 167 (0.80%) Automotive
16 135 (0.65%) Back Office
17 100 (0.48%) Financial Institution
18 91 (0.44%) Publishing
19 80 (0.39%) Multimedia
20 69 (0.33%) Local Government
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,233 (30.04%) .NET
2 5,758 (27.75%) HTML
3 5,617 (27.07%) CSS
4 4,677 (22.54%) React
5 3,911 (18.85%) AngularJS
6 2,657 (12.81%) Node.js
7 2,636 (12.70%) .NET Core
8 2,227 (10.73%) ASP.NET
9 2,164 (10.43%) Web Services
10 2,110 (10.17%) REST
11 1,983 (9.56%) Vue.js
12 1,906 (9.19%) HTML5
13 1,732 (8.35%) jQuery
14 1,619 (7.80%) RESTful
15 1,593 (7.68%) Spring
16 1,398 (6.74%) .NET Framework
17 1,204 (5.80%) CSS3
18 1,127 (5.43%) Laravel
19 1,021 (4.92%) ASP.NET Web API
20 956 (4.61%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 1,687 (8.13%) Greenfield Project
2 1,609 (7.75%) User Experience
3 1,100 (5.30%) Analytical Skills
4 1,082 (5.21%) Mobile App
5 500 (2.41%) Hedge funds
6 498 (2.40%) Self-Motivation
7 442 (2.13%) Fixed Income
8 431 (2.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 427 (2.06%) Derivative
10 426 (2.05%) Equities
11 350 (1.69%) Data Structures
12 349 (1.68%) Algorithms
13 315 (1.52%) Enterprise Software
14 224 (1.08%) Virtual Team
15 191 (0.92%) NHS
16 184 (0.89%) N-Tier
17 163 (0.79%) Blog
18 150 (0.72%) Cloud Native
19 141 (0.68%) Linux Command Line
20 136 (0.66%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 1,509 (7.27%) Linux
2 840 (4.05%) Android
3 775 (3.74%) Apple iOS
4 617 (2.97%) Windows
5 322 (1.55%) Unix
6 129 (0.62%) Windows Server
7 82 (0.40%) Ubuntu
8 41 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 40 (0.19%) CentOS
10 24 (0.12%) Debian
11 23 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
12 14 (0.067%) Mac OS
13 13 (0.063%) Embedded Linux
13 13 (0.063%) Solaris
14 10 (0.048%) Windows 10
15 9 (0.043%) VMS
15 9 (0.043%) Windows Server 2012
15 9 (0.043%) Windows Server 2019
16 7 (0.034%) AIX
16 7 (0.034%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,991 (38.51%) Agile Software Development
2 3,127 (15.07%) DevOps
3 3,039 (14.65%) Microservices
4 2,993 (14.43%) Software Engineering
5 2,942 (14.18%) TDD
6 2,890 (13.93%) MVC
7 2,562 (12.35%) Front End Development
8 2,208 (10.64%) Scrum
9 2,112 (10.18%) Web Development
10 1,733 (8.35%) Fintech
11 1,723 (8.30%) Problem-Solving
12 1,545 (7.45%) OO
13 1,469 (7.08%) Computer Science
14 1,395 (6.72%) Test Automation
15 1,321 (6.37%) Mentoring
16 1,300 (6.27%) Continuous Integration
17 1,283 (6.18%) Unit Testing
18 1,244 (6.00%) Business Intelligence
19 1,113 (5.36%) OOP
20 1,083 (5.22%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 10,033 (48.36%) JavaScript
2 6,470 (31.18%) C#
3 5,776 (27.84%) SQL
4 4,634 (22.33%) Java
5 3,064 (14.77%) Python
6 2,725 (13.13%) PHP
7 2,468 (11.90%) TypeScript
8 1,015 (4.89%) T-SQL
9 892 (4.30%) C++
10 644 (3.10%) Java 8
11 622 (3.00%) ES6
12 567 (2.73%) Kotlin
13 484 (2.33%) Go
14 467 (2.25%) Ruby
15 390 (1.88%) Scala
16 329 (1.59%) C
17 319 (1.54%) Apple Swift
18 302 (1.46%) PowerShell
19 283 (1.36%) VB.NET
20 212 (1.02%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 1,904 (9.18%) Degree
2 798 (3.85%) Computer Science Degree
3 468 (2.26%) Security Cleared
4 369 (1.78%) SC Cleared
5 154 (0.74%) Master's Degree
6 87 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
7 71 (0.34%) DV Cleared
8 61 (0.29%) PhD
9 38 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
10 28 (0.13%) AWS Certification
11 24 (0.12%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 22 (0.11%) SANS
13 15 (0.072%) HNC
13 15 (0.072%) ISTQB
14 10 (0.048%) ISEB
14 10 (0.048%) PMI Certification
15 9 (0.043%) DBS Check
16 8 (0.039%) HND
17 7 (0.034%) CTC Cleared
18 6 (0.029%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 681 (3.28%) QA
2 96 (0.46%) Data Quality
3 51 (0.25%) GDPR
4 50 (0.24%) WCAG
5 38 (0.18%) SLA
6 32 (0.15%) GRC
7 22 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 20 (0.096%) NIST
9 19 (0.092%) WAI
10 18 (0.087%) PCI DSS
11 15 (0.072%) MiFID
12 11 (0.053%) EMIR
13 9 (0.043%) Dodd-Frank
13 9 (0.043%) ISO 13485
14 6 (0.029%) CRD IV
15 4 (0.019%) Basel II
15 4 (0.019%) ISO 20022
15 4 (0.019%) ISO 9001
16 3 (0.014%) SOC 1
16 3 (0.014%) SOC 2
System Software
1 2,955 (14.24%) Docker
2 92 (0.44%) Active Directory
3 24 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (0.11%) Firmware
5 20 (0.096%) Virtual Machines
6 17 (0.082%) HDFS
7 15 (0.072%) NDS
8 14 (0.067%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 13 (0.063%) Hyper-V
10 11 (0.053%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 9 (0.043%) KVM
11 9 (0.043%) Postfix
12 7 (0.034%) Varnish
13 6 (0.029%) LXC
13 6 (0.029%) Time Sharing Option
14 4 (0.019%) Kamailio
14 4 (0.019%) OpenSIPS
14 4 (0.019%) vSphere
15 2 (0.010%) Platform Symphony
16 1 (0.005%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 1,910 (9.21%) Kubernetes
2 561 (2.70%) Terraform
3 184 (0.89%) Ansible
4 123 (0.59%) Opscode Chef
5 85 (0.41%) Puppet
6 42 (0.20%) Prometheus
7 41 (0.20%) Packer
8 37 (0.18%) Grafana
9 36 (0.17%) Kibana
10 20 (0.096%) Single Sign-On
11 18 (0.087%) Consul
11 18 (0.087%) Docker Swarm
12 15 (0.072%) MIIS
12 15 (0.072%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 11 (0.053%) Graphite
14 9 (0.043%) Opsview
15 8 (0.039%) FlexNet
15 8 (0.039%) Rancher
16 6 (0.029%) Hadoop YARN
16 6 (0.029%) logstash
Vendors
1 2,027 (9.77%) Microsoft
2 756 (3.64%) Oracle
3 698 (3.36%) Google
4 493 (2.38%) Salesforce.com
5 312 (1.50%) SAP
6 258 (1.24%) Adobe
7 249 (1.20%) Xamarin
8 242 (1.17%) Zend
9 171 (0.82%) Sitecore
10 139 (0.67%) Apple
11 98 (0.47%) IBM
12 94 (0.45%) Nintex
13 92 (0.44%) Atlassian
14 88 (0.42%) Sybase
15 87 (0.42%) MuleSoft
16 65 (0.31%) ServiceNow
17 57 (0.27%) Databricks
18 53 (0.26%) VMware
18 53 (0.26%) WooCommerce
19 50 (0.24%) Splunk