Period
to 27 October 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £57,500 in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 1 2
Rank change year-on-year -1 +1 0
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 27,874 13,795 34,668
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 25.01% 30.35% 27.58%
As % of the Job Titles category 27.43% 31.97% 28.82%
Number of salaries quoted 20,069 12,182 30,236
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,750
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
England
Permanent vacancies in England with a recognized job title 101,604 43,154 120,281
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.16% 94.95% 95.68%
Number of salaries quoted 71,365 36,431 98,252
10th Percentile £32,000 £32,500 £28,250
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +5.77% +4.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £56,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +1.82% +10.00% -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Salary trend for Developer in England

Developer
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 13,609 £72,500 +3.57% 2,822
South East -1 4,900 £50,000 -1.96% 693
North of England -2 3,583 £47,500 +5.56% 1,178
Midlands -2 2,565 £47,500 +5.56% 776
North West -2 1,850 £50,000 +5.26% 670
South West 0 1,807 £47,500 +5.56% 343
West Midlands -1 1,744 £50,000 +11.11% 452
Yorkshire -3 1,390 £46,000 +2.22% 360
East of England -3 940 £52,500 +10.53% 362
East Midlands -2 800 £45,000 +7.14% 320
North East -1 344 £43,000 - 148
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 12,654 (45.40%) JavaScript
2 11,474 (41.16%) Agile Software Development
3 8,390 (30.10%) React
4 7,806 (28.00%) C#
5 7,640 (27.41%) SQL
6 7,522 (26.99%) .NET
7 7,091 (25.44%) HTML
8 6,759 (24.25%) CSS
9 6,307 (22.63%) Java
10 5,988 (21.48%) Azure
11 5,778 (20.73%) Full Stack Development
12 5,459 (19.58%) Finance
13 5,397 (19.36%) AWS
14 5,119 (18.36%) AngularJS
15 4,745 (17.02%) Git (software)
16 4,682 (16.80%) Software Engineering
17 4,666 (16.74%) Social Skills
18 4,438 (15.92%) Docker
19 4,373 (15.69%) Python
20 4,351 (15.61%) TDD
21 4,330 (15.53%) TypeScript
22 4,216 (15.13%) SQL Server
23 4,184 (15.01%) Microservices
24 4,087 (14.66%) DevOps
25 4,076 (14.62%) Node.js
26 4,014 (14.40%) Front End Development
27 3,398 (12.19%) Scrum
28 3,338 (11.98%) REST
29 3,285 (11.79%) MVC
30 3,152 (11.31%) PHP

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 955 (3.43%) CMS
2 806 (2.89%) WordPress
3 630 (2.26%) Elasticsearch
4 516 (1.85%) Apache
5 390 (1.40%) Confluence
6 334 (1.20%) SharePoint
7 243 (0.87%) Apache Spark
8 228 (0.82%) Umbraco
9 223 (0.80%) nginx
10 203 (0.73%) Drupal
11 197 (0.71%) IIS
12 148 (0.53%) Apache Solr
13 132 (0.47%) Tomcat
14 103 (0.37%) EPiServer
15 86 (0.31%) WebLogic
16 82 (0.29%) Sitecore CMS
17 71 (0.25%) Headless CMS
18 60 (0.22%) Apache Airflow
19 57 (0.20%) SAS
20 55 (0.20%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 287 (1.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 220 (0.79%) Microsoft Office
3 148 (0.53%) Photoshop
4 136 (0.49%) Figma
5 111 (0.40%) Adobe XD
6 108 (0.39%) Sketch
7 71 (0.25%) Adobe Illustrator
8 47 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
9 40 (0.14%) InVision
10 32 (0.11%) MS Visio
11 30 (0.11%) Campfire
12 28 (0.10%) GIMP
13 26 (0.093%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 23 (0.083%) Chatbot
14 23 (0.083%) Microsoft PowerPoint
15 21 (0.075%) InDesign
16 18 (0.065%) Simulink
17 10 (0.036%) Zeplin
18 5 (0.018%) Microsoft Project
19 4 (0.014%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 215 (0.77%) Magento
2 179 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
3 128 (0.46%) Shopify
4 112 (0.40%) Payment Gateway
5 55 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
6 49 (0.18%) NetSuite
7 39 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
8 26 (0.093%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 25 (0.090%) Distributed Ledger
10 20 (0.072%) MetaTrader
10 20 (0.072%) Visualfiles
11 18 (0.065%) Oracle EBS
12 15 (0.054%) SAP Business One
12 15 (0.054%) Summit
12 15 (0.054%) WebTrends
13 13 (0.047%) Sentinel
14 11 (0.039%) Adobe Campaign
14 11 (0.039%) IBM Planning Analytics
14 11 (0.039%) Oracle BPM
14 11 (0.039%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 5,988 (21.48%) Azure
2 5,397 (19.36%) AWS
3 1,951 (7.00%) Serverless
4 1,805 (6.48%) SaaS
5 1,688 (6.06%) GCP
6 1,291 (4.63%) Power Platform
7 1,219 (4.37%) GitHub
8 1,049 (3.76%) AWS Lambda
9 715 (2.57%) Amazon S3
10 574 (2.06%) npm
11 498 (1.79%) Amazon EC2
12 374 (1.34%) Dynamics 365
13 327 (1.17%) Cloud Computing
14 315 (1.13%) Azure Functions
15 307 (1.10%) Amazon SQS
16 294 (1.05%) PaaS
17 283 (1.02%) Azure Service Bus
18 270 (0.97%) Amazon ECS
19 260 (0.93%) Azure Data Factory
20 259 (0.93%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 526 (1.89%) HTTP
2 367 (1.32%) Broadband
3 277 (0.99%) Internet
4 121 (0.43%) DNS
5 88 (0.32%) AMQP
6 84 (0.30%) TCP/IP
7 65 (0.23%) SSL
8 51 (0.18%) Bluetooth
9 38 (0.14%) Intranet
9 38 (0.14%) MQTT
10 33 (0.12%) DVB
11 32 (0.11%) Network Security
12 31 (0.11%) Ethernet
13 29 (0.10%) FTP
14 27 (0.097%) 5G
15 26 (0.093%) SMTP
15 26 (0.093%) SSH
15 26 (0.093%) VPN
16 25 (0.090%) Firewall
17 22 (0.079%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,216 (15.13%) SQL Server
2 2,522 (9.05%) MySQL
3 1,691 (6.07%) NoSQL
4 1,421 (5.10%) Relational Database
5 1,341 (4.81%) PostgreSQL
6 1,261 (4.52%) MongoDB
7 1,126 (4.04%) Power BI
8 951 (3.41%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 862 (3.09%) Data Warehouse
10 851 (3.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 778 (2.79%) Big Data
12 707 (2.54%) Redis
13 652 (2.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 418 (1.50%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 382 (1.37%) Amazon RDS
16 364 (1.31%) RDBMS
17 346 (1.24%) Tableau
18 284 (1.02%) Oracle Database
19 269 (0.97%) Hadoop
20 251 (0.90%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 4,745 (17.02%) Git (software)
2 1,795 (6.44%) Jenkins
3 1,181 (4.24%) JIRA
4 914 (3.28%) webpack
5 765 (2.74%) Visual Studio
6 538 (1.93%) Maven
7 504 (1.81%) Selenium
8 501 (1.80%) Team Foundation Server
9 489 (1.75%) JUnit
10 440 (1.58%) Bitbucket
11 412 (1.48%) TeamCity
12 399 (1.43%) GitLab
13 383 (1.37%) Cypress.io
14 372 (1.33%) Octopus Deploy
15 326 (1.17%) gulp
16 319 (1.14%) NUnit
17 313 (1.12%) Gradle
18 274 (0.98%) Cucumber
19 241 (0.86%) Mockito
20 238 (0.85%) Jasmine
General
1 5,459 (19.58%) Finance
2 4,666 (16.74%) Social Skills
3 1,393 (5.00%) Analytical Skills
4 1,283 (4.60%) Banking
5 1,206 (4.33%) Marketing
6 1,013 (3.63%) Retail
7 961 (3.45%) Front Office
8 901 (3.23%) Games
9 467 (1.68%) Public Sector
10 465 (1.67%) Law
11 428 (1.54%) Manufacturing
12 418 (1.50%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 387 (1.39%) Organisational Skills
14 381 (1.37%) Advertising
15 336 (1.21%) Investment Banking
16 294 (1.05%) Legal
17 262 (0.94%) Telecoms
18 239 (0.86%) Financial Institution
19 230 (0.83%) Automotive
20 201 (0.72%) Back Office
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8,390 (30.10%) React
2 7,522 (26.99%) .NET
3 7,091 (25.44%) HTML
4 6,759 (24.25%) CSS
5 5,119 (18.36%) AngularJS
6 4,076 (14.62%) Node.js
7 3,338 (11.98%) REST
8 3,022 (10.84%) .NET Core
9 3,021 (10.84%) Web Services
10 2,497 (8.96%) RESTful
11 2,482 (8.90%) Spring
12 2,408 (8.64%) Vue.js
13 2,403 (8.62%) ASP.NET
14 2,261 (8.11%) HTML5
15 2,034 (7.30%) jQuery
16 1,836 (6.59%) .NET Framework
17 1,450 (5.20%) Sass
18 1,393 (5.00%) Redux
19 1,325 (4.75%) CSS3
20 1,322 (4.74%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 2,799 (10.04%) User Experience
2 2,487 (8.92%) Greenfield Project
3 1,506 (5.40%) Mobile App
4 797 (2.86%) Self-Motivation
5 642 (2.30%) Algorithms
6 581 (2.08%) Hedge funds
7 554 (1.99%) Equities
8 546 (1.96%) Derivative
9 544 (1.95%) Data Structures
10 504 (1.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 460 (1.65%) Fixed Income
12 449 (1.61%) Social Media
13 426 (1.53%) Enterprise Software
14 405 (1.45%) Virtual Team
15 306 (1.10%) Cloud Native
16 258 (0.93%) Legacy Systems
17 245 (0.88%) Data Protection Act
18 241 (0.86%) Management Information System
19 197 (0.71%) Blog
20 190 (0.68%) Legacy Code
Operating Systems
1 1,960 (7.03%) Linux
2 1,237 (4.44%) Android
3 1,154 (4.14%) Apple iOS
4 942 (3.38%) Windows
5 536 (1.92%) Unix
6 109 (0.39%) Ubuntu
7 78 (0.28%) Windows Server
8 73 (0.26%) Mac OS
9 60 (0.22%) CentOS
10 57 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 40 (0.14%) VMS
12 26 (0.093%) Windows 10
13 25 (0.090%) Mesosphere
14 23 (0.083%) Alpine Linux
14 23 (0.083%) Debian
14 23 (0.083%) Embedded Linux
15 20 (0.072%) Fedora
16 17 (0.061%) Windows Server 2016
17 14 (0.050%) Windows Server 2012
18 13 (0.047%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 11,474 (41.16%) Agile Software Development
2 5,778 (20.73%) Full Stack Development
3 4,682 (16.80%) Software Engineering
4 4,351 (15.61%) TDD
5 4,184 (15.01%) Microservices
6 4,087 (14.66%) DevOps
7 4,014 (14.40%) Front End Development
8 3,398 (12.19%) Scrum
9 3,285 (11.79%) MVC
10 3,136 (11.25%) Problem-Solving
11 2,594 (9.31%) Web Development
12 2,297 (8.24%) Fintech
13 2,223 (7.98%) Mentoring
14 2,177 (7.81%) Continuous Integration
15 2,140 (7.68%) Test Automation
16 2,079 (7.46%) Unit Testing
17 2,054 (7.37%) OO
18 2,033 (7.29%) Analytics
19 1,949 (6.99%) Computer Science
20 1,781 (6.39%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 12,654 (45.40%) JavaScript
2 7,806 (28.00%) C#
3 7,640 (27.41%) SQL
4 6,307 (22.63%) Java
5 4,373 (15.69%) Python
6 4,330 (15.53%) TypeScript
7 3,152 (11.31%) PHP
8 1,281 (4.60%) T-SQL
9 1,046 (3.75%) C++
10 1,022 (3.67%) Go
11 964 (3.46%) Kotlin
12 956 (3.43%) Java 8
13 888 (3.19%) ES6
14 606 (2.17%) Scala
15 571 (2.05%) C
16 512 (1.84%) Apple Swift
17 477 (1.71%) Ruby
18 418 (1.50%) PowerShell
19 354 (1.27%) VB.NET
20 347 (1.24%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 2,436 (8.74%) Degree
2 925 (3.32%) Computer Science Degree
3 774 (2.78%) Security Cleared
4 637 (2.29%) SC Cleared
5 156 (0.56%) Master's Degree
6 115 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
7 91 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
8 78 (0.28%) DV Cleared
8 78 (0.28%) PhD
9 69 (0.25%) AWS Certification
10 42 (0.15%) DBS Check
11 41 (0.15%) OCP
11 41 (0.15%) Oracle Certification
12 31 (0.11%) HND
13 29 (0.10%) ISTQB
14 25 (0.090%) HNC
15 15 (0.054%) ISEB
15 15 (0.054%) SANS
16 14 (0.050%) MBA
17 13 (0.047%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,245 (4.47%) QA
2 571 (2.05%) Accessibility
3 161 (0.58%) GDPR
4 138 (0.50%) Data Quality
5 98 (0.35%) WCAG
6 48 (0.17%) PCI DSS
7 45 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 37 (0.13%) SLA
9 35 (0.13%) MiFID
10 32 (0.11%) PMO
11 31 (0.11%) EMIR
12 18 (0.065%) ECSS
12 18 (0.065%) MISRA
12 18 (0.065%) MISRA C
13 13 (0.047%) WAI
14 11 (0.039%) 21 CFR Part 11
14 11 (0.039%) GRC
14 11 (0.039%) ISO 13485
15 10 (0.036%) Dodd-Frank
15 10 (0.036%) GxP
System Software
1 4,438 (15.92%) Docker
2 116 (0.42%) Active Directory
3 57 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
4 46 (0.17%) HDFS
5 41 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 35 (0.13%) Firmware
7 32 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
8 24 (0.086%) Postfix
9 18 (0.065%) ISA Server
10 13 (0.047%) Varnish
11 11 (0.039%) etcd
12 9 (0.032%) NDS
12 9 (0.032%) NetIQ eDirectory
13 7 (0.025%) Hyper-V
13 7 (0.025%) VMware ESXi
14 5 (0.018%) Ceph
14 5 (0.018%) KVM
15 3 (0.011%) Apache Flume
15 3 (0.011%) vSphere
16 2 (0.007%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 2,774 (9.95%) Kubernetes
2 1,266 (4.54%) Terraform
3 457 (1.64%) Ansible
4 168 (0.60%) Grafana
5 134 (0.48%) Puppet
6 126 (0.45%) Opscode Chef
7 112 (0.40%) Prometheus
8 106 (0.38%) Kibana
9 83 (0.30%) logstash
10 47 (0.17%) Consul
11 44 (0.16%) Opsgenie
12 40 (0.14%) Hadoop YARN
13 38 (0.14%) Single Sign-On
14 35 (0.13%) HAProxy
15 34 (0.12%) Rancher
16 31 (0.11%) Graphite
17 30 (0.11%) Graylog
18 26 (0.093%) Automic
19 21 (0.075%) MIIS
20 19 (0.068%) Bugsnag
Vendors
1 3,035 (10.89%) Microsoft
2 1,228 (4.41%) Oracle
3 1,227 (4.40%) Google
4 516 (1.85%) Salesforce.com
5 348 (1.25%) Adobe
6 335 (1.20%) SAP
7 251 (0.90%) Zend
8 246 (0.88%) ServiceNow
9 240 (0.86%) Apple
10 228 (0.82%) Xamarin
11 165 (0.59%) Atlassian
12 142 (0.51%) WooCommerce
13 140 (0.50%) MuleSoft
14 134 (0.48%) Databricks
15 128 (0.46%) IBM
16 126 (0.45%) Sitecore
17 114 (0.41%) VMware
18 106 (0.38%) Informatica
19 89 (0.32%) Red Hat
20 86 (0.31%) Splunk