Period
to 23 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 23 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

COBOL
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 1072 1032 807
Rank change year-on-year -40 -225 +165
Permanent jobs citing COBOL 109 192 549
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.062% 0.10% 0.25%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.11% 0.19% 0.49%
Number of salaries quoted 90 133 398
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £27,000 £26,250 £31,578
90th Percentile £66,750 £63,750 £63,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 97115 100005 112786
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.32% 52.74% 51.56%
Number of salaries quoted 79652 86237 96348
UK median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% +1.12%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +2.56%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing COBOL.

Salary trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL over the 6 months to 23 October 2017.

Salary histogram for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Top 13 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -7 100 £47,500 - 5
UK excluding London -29 93 £45,000 - 6
North of England +26 62 £37,500 +25.00% 3
North West +34 38 £50,000 +42.86% 1
Yorkshire +21 24 £29,000 +5.45% 2
London -2 15 £57,000 -18.57%
South East -12 14 £67,500 +35.00%
Scotland -9 8 £45,000 +27.66% 1
Midlands +4 5 £45,750 +20.39%
East Midlands +22 4 £40,000 +3.90%
East of England -3 3 £64,469 +130.24%
South West +13 1 £40,000 +14.29% 2
West Midlands -1 1 £51,500 +37.33%

For the 6 months to 23 October 2017, IT jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 52 (47.71%) SQL
2 51 (46.79%) Finance
3 48 (44.04%) Java
4 43 (39.45%) Agile Software Development
5 40 (36.70%) Mainframe
6 37 (33.94%) Oracle
7 32 (29.36%) DB2
8 30 (27.52%) Waterfall
9 29 (26.61%) CICS
10 27 (24.77%) SDLC
11 25 (22.94%) Linux
12 22 (20.18%) TDD
13 21 (19.27%) Degree
13 21 (19.27%) Unix
13 21 (19.27%) IBM
14 20 (18.35%) C
15 19 (17.43%) C++
15 19 (17.43%) Stakeholder Management
16 18 (16.51%) C#
16 18 (16.51%) XML
16 18 (16.51%) Analytical Skills
16 18 (16.51%) Test Automation
17 17 (15.60%) PL/SQL
18 16 (14.68%) Oracle Forms
18 16 (14.68%) Service Management
19 15 (13.76%) Software Engineering
19 15 (13.76%) JavaScript
20 14 (12.84%) Web Services
20 14 (12.84%) Project Management
20 14 (12.84%) Continuous Integration

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (26.61%) CICS
2 11 (10.09%) WebSphere
3 10 (9.17%) WebLogic
4 8 (7.34%) JBoss
5 6 (5.50%) SharePoint
6 5 (4.59%) OpenROAD
7 2 (1.83%) IIS
7 2 (1.83%) Tomcat
7 2 (1.83%) Tuxedo
8 1 (0.92%) Apache
8 1 (0.92%) BizTalk Server
8 1 (0.92%) Confluence
8 1 (0.92%) GeoServer
8 1 (0.92%) MQSeries
8 1 (0.92%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 1 (0.92%) Oracle Spatial
8 1 (0.92%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 1 (0.92%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 7 (6.42%) Pega PRPC
2 6 (5.50%) BASE24
3 2 (1.83%) PeopleSoft HCM
4 1 (0.92%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.92%) Exstream
4 1 (0.92%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.92%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 1 (0.92%) Amazon AWS
1 1 (0.92%) Microsoft Azure
1 1 (0.92%) Slack
1 1 (0.92%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 5 (4.59%) ATM
2 4 (3.67%) TCP/IP
3 2 (1.83%) FTP
3 2 (1.83%) Internet
4 1 (0.92%) CTI
4 1 (0.92%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (29.36%) DB2
2 12 (11.01%) Relational Database
3 10 (9.17%) IMS/DB
4 7 (6.42%) SQL Server
5 5 (4.59%) Informix
6 3 (2.75%) MySQL
6 3 (2.75%) PostgreSQL
7 2 (1.83%) MongoDB
7 2 (1.83%) Oracle Database
8 1 (0.92%) Adabas
8 1 (0.92%) GIS
8 1 (0.92%) NonStop SQL
8 1 (0.92%) SQL Server 2000
8 1 (0.92%) SQL Server 2008
8 1 (0.92%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 16 (14.68%) Oracle Forms
2 8 (7.34%) ClearCase
2 8 (7.34%) Subversion
3 5 (4.59%) CA Gen
3 5 (4.59%) LoadRunner
3 5 (4.59%) PowerBuilder
3 5 (4.59%) PROIV
3 5 (4.59%) VersaTest
4 4 (3.67%) Cucumber
4 4 (3.67%) HP UFT
4 4 (3.67%) Jenkins
4 4 (3.67%) JIRA
5 3 (2.75%) Artifactory
6 2 (1.83%) Git (software)
6 2 (1.83%) Gradle
6 2 (1.83%) PeopleTools
6 2 (1.83%) Selenium
6 2 (1.83%) Sonatype Nexus
6 2 (1.83%) Talend Open Studio
6 2 (1.83%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 51 (46.79%) Finance
2 13 (11.93%) Banking
3 7 (6.42%) Retail
3 7 (6.42%) Retail Banking
4 3 (2.75%) Investment Banking
4 3 (2.75%) Law
5 2 (1.83%) Financial Institution
5 2 (1.83%) Legal
5 2 (1.83%) Manufacturing
5 2 (1.83%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 28 (25.69%) Developer
2 12 (11.01%) Analyst
3 11 (10.09%) COBOL Developer
4 10 (9.17%) Oracle Developer
5 9 (8.26%) Designer
5 9 (8.26%) Integration Engineer
6 7 (6.42%) Business Analyst
6 7 (6.42%) Oracle Forms Developer
6 7 (6.42%) PL/SQL Developer
6 7 (6.42%) Programmer
6 7 (6.42%) SQL Developer
6 7 (6.42%) Unix Developer
7 6 (5.50%) Architect
7 6 (5.50%) Consultant
7 6 (5.50%) Software Developer
7 6 (5.50%) Software Engineer
7 6 (5.50%) Test Engineer
8 5 (4.59%) Applications Specialist
8 5 (4.59%) Applications Support
8 5 (4.59%) Systems Programmer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18 (16.51%) XML
2 14 (12.84%) Web Services
3 12 (11.01%) Middleware
4 11 (10.09%) Oracle Fusion
5 10 (9.17%) J2EE
6 9 (8.26%) .NET
6 9 (8.26%) XSD
7 8 (7.34%) EJB
7 8 (7.34%) Hibernate
7 8 (7.34%) JMS
7 8 (7.34%) JSP
7 8 (7.34%) Servlets
7 8 (7.34%) Struts
7 8 (7.34%) WSDL
8 5 (4.59%) HTML
9 4 (3.67%) REST
10 3 (2.75%) Spring
11 2 (1.83%) ActiveMQ
11 2 (1.83%) HTML5
11 2 (1.83%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 40 (36.70%) Mainframe
2 18 (16.51%) Analytical Skills
3 11 (10.09%) IBM Mainframe
4 9 (8.26%) PMI
4 9 (8.26%) Tandem
5 7 (6.42%) Derivative
5 7 (6.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 6 (5.50%) Management Information System
7 4 (3.67%) AS400
8 3 (2.75%) iSeries
8 3 (2.75%) Linux Command Line
9 1 (0.92%) Data Structures
9 1 (0.92%) Fintech
9 1 (0.92%) Greenfield Project
9 1 (0.92%) Reference Data
9 1 (0.92%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 25 (22.94%) Linux
2 21 (19.27%) Unix
3 10 (9.17%) Windows
4 9 (8.26%) Solaris
5 4 (3.67%) zOS
6 3 (2.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (2.75%) Windows Server
7 2 (1.83%) AIX
8 1 (0.92%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 43 (39.45%) Agile Software Development
2 30 (27.52%) Waterfall
3 27 (24.77%) SDLC
4 22 (20.18%) TDD
5 19 (17.43%) Stakeholder Management
6 18 (16.51%) Test Automation
7 16 (14.68%) Service Management
8 15 (13.76%) Software Engineering
9 14 (12.84%) Continuous Integration
9 14 (12.84%) Project Management
10 12 (11.01%) BDD
10 12 (11.01%) Scrum
11 10 (9.17%) ITIL
11 10 (9.17%) RUP
12 9 (8.26%) CMMI
12 9 (8.26%) PRINCE2
13 8 (7.34%) DevOps
13 8 (7.34%) PRINCE
14 7 (6.42%) Risk Management
15 6 (5.50%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 52 (47.71%) SQL
2 48 (44.04%) Java
3 20 (18.35%) C
4 19 (17.43%) C++
5 18 (16.51%) C#
6 17 (15.60%) PL/SQL
7 15 (13.76%) JavaScript
8 13 (11.93%) Assembly Language
9 12 (11.01%) VB
10 10 (9.17%) JCL
11 8 (7.34%) REXX
12 5 (4.59%) Clipper
12 5 (4.59%) DataFlex
12 5 (4.59%) FoxPro (VFP)
12 5 (4.59%) LINC
12 5 (4.59%) PowerShell
12 5 (4.59%) RPG
12 5 (4.59%) Tcl
12 5 (4.59%) Uniface
12 5 (4.59%) xBase
Qualifications
1 21 (19.27%) Degree
2 10 (9.17%) PMI Certification
3 4 (3.67%) ISTQB
4 3 (2.75%) Security Cleared
5 2 (1.83%) CTC Cleared
5 2 (1.83%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.92%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 1 (0.92%) PMP
6 1 (0.92%) SC Cleared
6 1 (0.92%) Six Sigma Black Belt
6 1 (0.92%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (7.34%) QA
2 7 (6.42%) FATCA
2 7 (6.42%) MiFID
3 3 (2.75%) GDPR
4 1 (0.92%) SLA
System Software
1 6 (5.50%) Time Sharing Option
2 1 (0.92%) ACF2
2 1 (0.92%) Docker
2 1 (0.92%) RACF
Systems Management
1 2 (1.83%) HP Quality Center
2 1 (0.92%) Ansible
2 1 (0.92%) CA Endevor
2 1 (0.92%) Kubernetes
2 1 (0.92%) Opscode Chef
2 1 (0.92%) Puppet
Vendors
1 37 (33.94%) Oracle
2 21 (19.27%) IBM
3 12 (11.01%) Micro Focus
4 8 (7.34%) Chordiant
5 7 (6.42%) Pega
6 5 (4.59%) HP
6 5 (4.59%) Microsoft
7 4 (3.67%) CA
8 3 (2.75%) Red Hat
9 2 (1.83%) hybris
9 2 (1.83%) PeopleSoft
9 2 (1.83%) Progress
9 2 (1.83%) ServiceNow
9 2 (1.83%) Talend
10 1 (0.92%) CA Agile Central
10 1 (0.92%) Capita
10 1 (0.92%) Salesforce.com
10 1 (0.92%) SAP
10 1 (0.92%) Sun
10 1 (0.92%) TIBCO