Period
to 19 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 19 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

COBOL
UK
6 months to
19 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 1064 1010 755
Rank change year-on-year -54 -255 +307
Permanent jobs citing COBOL 119 254 589
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.067% 0.13% 0.27%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.12% 0.25% 0.53%
Number of salaries quoted 80 174 425
UK median annual salary £50,000 £46,750 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.95% +3.89% +12.50%
10th Percentile £27,000 £27,950 £31,850
90th Percentile £71,250 £63,750 £61,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000

COBOL is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills.

Programming Language Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 98350 103342 111268
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 55.59% 52.40% 51.19%
Number of salaries quoted 81428 89447 94712
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% +3.45%
10th Percentile £28,750 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +1.27%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing COBOL.

Salary trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL over the 6 months to 19 August 2017.

Salary histogram for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Top 12 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 6 months to 19 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -47 111 £50,000 +5.82% 16
UK excluding London -42 95 £45,000 - 15
North of England -11 42 £37,500 +17.19% 6
South East -18 25 £65,000 +23.81% 3
London +11 24 £58,500 +17.00% 2
North West -14 24 £50,000 +42.86% 2
Midlands +20 19 £53,500 +40.79% 2
Yorkshire +19 18 £29,000 -3.33% 4
East Midlands +9 14 - - 2
Scotland +12 8 £45,000 +27.66% 1
West Midlands +21 5 £53,500 +42.67%
East of England -13 1 £32,500 -18.75%

For the 6 months to 19 August 2017, IT jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 66 (55.46%) Java
2 54 (45.38%) Agile Software Development
3 52 (43.70%) SQL
4 48 (40.34%) Finance
5 44 (36.97%) Waterfall
6 42 (35.29%) Oracle
7 40 (33.61%) Mainframe
8 39 (32.77%) Degree
9 38 (31.93%) DB2
10 35 (29.41%) SDLC
11 31 (26.05%) Unix
12 30 (25.21%) Linux
13 25 (21.01%) IBM
14 24 (20.17%) Project Management
15 22 (18.49%) CICS
16 19 (15.97%) PRINCE2
16 19 (15.97%) Windows
16 19 (15.97%) Web Services
16 19 (15.97%) .NET
16 19 (15.97%) Analytical Skills
17 18 (15.13%) C++
17 18 (15.13%) TDD
18 17 (14.29%) Scrum
18 17 (14.29%) PMI Certification
19 16 (13.45%) C
19 16 (13.45%) XSD
19 16 (13.45%) Relational Database
20 15 (12.61%) XML
20 15 (12.61%) C#
20 15 (12.61%) PL/SQL

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (18.49%) CICS
2 8 (6.72%) WebLogic
2 8 (6.72%) WebSphere
3 6 (5.04%) JBoss
4 5 (4.20%) OpenROAD
4 5 (4.20%) Tuxedo
5 1 (0.84%) BizTalk Server
5 1 (0.84%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 1 (0.84%) SharePoint
5 1 (0.84%) SharePoint 2013
5 1 (0.84%) Tomcat
Applications
1 4 (3.36%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.84%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.84%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.84%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 11 (9.24%) Pega PRPC
2 5 (4.20%) thinkFolio
3 4 (3.36%) BusinessWorks
4 2 (1.68%) PeopleSoft HCM
5 1 (0.84%) BASE24
5 1 (0.84%) Exstream
5 1 (0.84%) Oracle BPM
Communications & Networking
1 4 (3.36%) LAN
1 4 (3.36%) WAN
2 3 (2.52%) TCP/IP
3 2 (1.68%) Internet
4 1 (0.84%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (31.93%) DB2
2 16 (13.45%) Relational Database
3 10 (8.40%) SQL Server
4 6 (5.04%) IMS/DB
5 5 (4.20%) Informix
5 5 (4.20%) Oracle Database
6 4 (3.36%) Adabas
7 3 (2.52%) MySQL
7 3 (2.52%) RDBMS
8 2 (1.68%) MongoDB
8 2 (1.68%) PostgreSQL
9 1 (0.84%) NonStop SQL
9 1 (0.84%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 14 (11.76%) Oracle Forms
2 6 (5.04%) ClearCase
2 6 (5.04%) Subversion
3 5 (4.20%) CA Gen
3 5 (4.20%) PowerBuilder
3 5 (4.20%) PROIV
4 4 (3.36%) LoadRunner
5 3 (2.52%) HP UFT
5 3 (2.52%) JIRA
6 2 (1.68%) Artifactory
6 2 (1.68%) Cucumber
6 2 (1.68%) Git (software)
6 2 (1.68%) Gradle
6 2 (1.68%) Jenkins
6 2 (1.68%) JUnit
6 2 (1.68%) PeopleTools
6 2 (1.68%) Sonatype Nexus
6 2 (1.68%) Team Foundation Server
6 2 (1.68%) Visual Studio
6 2 (1.68%) XPEDITER
General
1 48 (40.34%) Finance
2 14 (11.76%) Retail
3 13 (10.92%) Banking
4 6 (5.04%) Retail Banking
5 4 (3.36%) Spanish Language
6 3 (2.52%) Financial Institution
7 2 (1.68%) Back Office
7 2 (1.68%) Legal
7 2 (1.68%) Marketing
7 2 (1.68%) Pharmaceutical
8 1 (0.84%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.84%) Law
Job Titles
1 35 (29.41%) Developer
2 17 (14.29%) Analyst
3 12 (10.08%) Business Analyst
3 12 (10.08%) Lead Developer
3 12 (10.08%) Software Developer
4 9 (7.56%) COBOL Developer
4 9 (7.56%) Designer
5 8 (6.72%) Integration Engineer
5 8 (6.72%) Lead Software Developer
5 8 (6.72%) Oracle Developer
5 8 (6.72%) Senior Developer
6 7 (5.88%) .NET Developer
6 7 (5.88%) Application Delivery Manager
6 7 (5.88%) Applications Manager
6 7 (5.88%) Delivery Manager
7 6 (5.04%) .NET Software Developer
7 6 (5.04%) Lead .NET Developer
7 6 (5.04%) Oracle Forms Developer
7 6 (5.04%) SQL Developer
7 6 (5.04%) Unix Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19 (15.97%) .NET
1 19 (15.97%) Web Services
2 16 (13.45%) XSD
3 15 (12.61%) XML
4 11 (9.24%) XSLT
5 10 (8.40%) HTML
5 10 (8.40%) Middleware
6 9 (7.56%) Hibernate
7 8 (6.72%) CSS
7 8 (6.72%) J2EE
7 8 (6.72%) Oracle Fusion
8 6 (5.04%) EJB
8 6 (5.04%) JMS
8 6 (5.04%) JSP
8 6 (5.04%) Servlets
8 6 (5.04%) Spring
8 6 (5.04%) Struts
8 6 (5.04%) WSDL
9 5 (4.20%) Spring MVC
10 4 (3.36%) TIBCO EMS
Miscellaneous
1 40 (33.61%) Mainframe
2 19 (15.97%) Analytical Skills
3 12 (10.08%) PMI
4 11 (9.24%) Derivative
4 11 (9.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 8 (6.72%) IBM Mainframe
6 5 (4.20%) Tandem
7 4 (3.36%) Management Information System
8 3 (2.52%) Linux Command Line
9 2 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
10 1 (0.84%) AS400
10 1 (0.84%) Data Structures
10 1 (0.84%) Fintech
10 1 (0.84%) iSeries
10 1 (0.84%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 31 (26.05%) Unix
2 30 (25.21%) Linux
3 19 (15.97%) Windows
4 8 (6.72%) Solaris
5 3 (2.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 3 (2.52%) zOS
6 2 (1.68%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 54 (45.38%) Agile Software Development
2 44 (36.97%) Waterfall
3 35 (29.41%) SDLC
4 24 (20.17%) Project Management
5 19 (15.97%) PRINCE2
6 18 (15.13%) TDD
7 17 (14.29%) Scrum
8 13 (10.92%) Software Engineering
9 12 (10.08%) ETL
9 12 (10.08%) Stakeholder Management
10 11 (9.24%) Continuous Integration
11 10 (8.40%) BDD
11 10 (8.40%) Customer Requirements
11 10 (8.40%) OO
11 10 (8.40%) Release Management
11 10 (8.40%) Translating Business Requirements
11 10 (8.40%) Workflow
12 9 (7.56%) RUP
12 9 (7.56%) Service Management
12 9 (7.56%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 66 (55.46%) Java
2 52 (43.70%) SQL
3 18 (15.13%) C++
4 16 (13.45%) C
5 15 (12.61%) C#
5 15 (12.61%) PL/SQL
6 14 (11.76%) JavaScript
7 11 (9.24%) Assembly Language
8 10 (8.40%) R
9 9 (7.56%) JCL
9 9 (7.56%) VB
10 6 (5.04%) REXX
11 5 (4.20%) Clipper
11 5 (4.20%) DataFlex
11 5 (4.20%) FoxPro (VFP)
11 5 (4.20%) LINC
11 5 (4.20%) RPG
11 5 (4.20%) Tcl
11 5 (4.20%) Uniface
11 5 (4.20%) xBase
Qualifications
1 39 (32.77%) Degree
2 17 (14.29%) PMI Certification
3 5 (4.20%) PMP
4 3 (2.52%) ISTQB
5 1 (0.84%) ITIL Certification
5 1 (0.84%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (9.24%) FATCA
1 11 (9.24%) MiFID
2 5 (4.20%) QA
3 2 (1.68%) GDPR
System Software
1 3 (2.52%) Time Sharing Option
2 1 (0.84%) ACF2
2 1 (0.84%) RACF
Systems Management
1 2 (1.68%) HP Quality Center
2 1 (0.84%) CA Endevor
Vendors
1 42 (35.29%) Oracle
2 25 (21.01%) IBM
3 15 (12.61%) Microsoft
4 12 (10.08%) Micro Focus
5 11 (9.24%) Pega
6 6 (5.04%) Chordiant
7 5 (4.20%) HP
8 4 (3.36%) TIBCO
9 3 (2.52%) Cognizant
9 3 (2.52%) Progress
9 3 (2.52%) Red Hat
10 2 (1.68%) hybris
10 2 (1.68%) JDA
10 2 (1.68%) PeopleSoft
10 2 (1.68%) SAP
10 2 (1.68%) ServiceNow