Period
to 16 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 16 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

COBOL
UK
6 months to
16 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 968 1083 1095
Rank change year-on-year +115 +12 -60
Permanent jobs citing COBOL 101 88 104
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.074% 0.053% 0.059%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.14% 0.096% 0.11%
Number of salaries quoted 74 68 86
UK median annual salary £50,000 £42,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +17.65% -5.56% -
10th Percentile £32,193 £33,000 £27,000
90th Percentile £60,253 £70,375 £66,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £42,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +17.65% -5.56% -

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 73,451 91,521 97,047
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.47% 55.57% 55.34%
Number of salaries quoted 60,186 76,139 79,625
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £29,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.29%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing COBOL.

Salary trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL over the 6 months to 16 October 2019.

Salary histogram for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Top 11 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 6 months to 16 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +103 100 £50,000 +17.65% 10
UK excluding London +77 94 £50,000 +17.65% 9
South East +41 43 £52,500 +12.90%
North of England +40 36 £45,404 +21.08% 8
North West +40 23 £40,488 -0.03% 2
Midlands +48 15 £40,000 -5.88%
Yorkshire +4 10 £46,000 +24.32% 4
East Midlands +34 9 £42,500 -
London +90 6 £68,750 -11.52% 1
West Midlands - 6 £40,000 -
North East - 3 £47,500 - 2

For the 6 months to 16 October 2019, IT jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 68 (67.33%) Java
2 56 (55.45%) SQL
3 53 (52.48%) Mainframe
4 48 (47.52%) DB2
5 46 (45.54%) JCL
6 41 (40.59%) Analytical Skills
7 38 (37.62%) CICS
8 30 (29.70%) IBM
9 29 (28.71%) Unix
9 29 (28.71%) Retail
10 27 (26.73%) MVS
11 26 (25.74%) Linux
11 26 (25.74%) Unit Testing
12 24 (23.76%) C
13 23 (22.77%) Agile Software Development
13 23 (22.77%) Problem-Solving
14 22 (21.78%) Microsoft
15 20 (19.80%) Business Analysis
16 18 (17.82%) Service Management
16 18 (17.82%) Team Foundation Server
17 15 (14.85%) VSAM
17 15 (14.85%) .NET
17 15 (14.85%) AIX
18 14 (13.86%) Degree
18 14 (13.86%) VME
19 13 (12.87%) ServiceNow
20 12 (11.88%) Windows
20 12 (11.88%) DevOps
21 11 (10.89%) Job Entry Subsystem
21 11 (10.89%) Git (software)

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (37.62%) CICS
2 7 (6.93%) Tuxedo
3 4 (3.96%) SharePoint
3 4 (3.96%) WebSphere
4 2 (1.98%) nginx
Applications
1 11 (10.89%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (3.96%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 4 (3.96%) Office 365
2 2 (1.98%) Azure
2 2 (1.98%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 4 (3.96%) FTP
2 1 (0.99%) CTI
2 1 (0.99%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (47.52%) DB2
2 10 (9.90%) Relational Database
3 1 (0.99%) Adabas
3 1 (0.99%) DataStage
3 1 (0.99%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 18 (17.82%) Team Foundation Server
2 11 (10.89%) Git (software)
3 9 (8.91%) Visual Studio
4 7 (6.93%) Eclipse
5 4 (3.96%) Jenkins
6 3 (2.97%) JIRA
7 2 (1.98%) SonarQube
7 2 (1.98%) Sonatype Nexus
7 2 (1.98%) Subversion
7 2 (1.98%) XPEDITER
7 2 (1.98%) Zephyr
General
1 29 (28.71%) Retail
2 9 (8.91%) Finance
3 7 (6.93%) Manufacturing
3 7 (6.93%) Public Sector
4 5 (4.95%) Banking
5 3 (2.97%) Marketing
5 3 (2.97%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 64 (63.37%) Developer
2 39 (38.61%) COBOL Developer
3 28 (27.72%) Programmer
4 23 (22.77%) Analyst
5 21 (20.79%) Analyst Programmer
5 21 (20.79%) COBOL Analyst
6 19 (18.81%) COBOL Analyst Programmer
6 19 (18.81%) COBOL Programmer
7 13 (12.87%) Analyst Developer
8 11 (10.89%) Developer Analyst
8 11 (10.89%) Senior Developer
9 8 (7.92%) Applications Developer
9 8 (7.92%) DB2 Developer
9 8 (7.92%) Mainframe Developer
10 7 (6.93%) Applications Engineer
10 7 (6.93%) Senior Mainframe Developer
10 7 (6.93%) Software Developer
11 6 (5.94%) Graduate
11 6 (5.94%) Graduate Developer
11 6 (5.94%) Senior Programmer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (14.85%) .NET
2 10 (9.90%) Middleware
3 4 (3.96%) XML
4 3 (2.97%) REST
4 3 (2.97%) WebSphere MQ
5 2 (1.98%) Kafka
6 1 (0.99%) .NET Framework
6 1 (0.99%) JSON
6 1 (0.99%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 53 (52.48%) Mainframe
2 41 (40.59%) Analytical Skills
3 15 (14.85%) VSAM
4 8 (7.92%) FMCG
4 8 (7.92%) Self-Motivation
5 4 (3.96%) Client/Server
6 3 (2.97%) AS400
6 3 (2.97%) iSeries
7 2 (1.98%) Cloud Native
7 2 (1.98%) Pricing Data
7 2 (1.98%) Reference Data
8 1 (0.99%) BYOD
8 1 (0.99%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 29 (28.71%) Unix
2 27 (26.73%) MVS
3 26 (25.74%) Linux
4 15 (14.85%) AIX
5 14 (13.86%) VME
6 12 (11.88%) Windows
7 7 (6.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (2.97%) zOS
9 1 (0.99%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 26 (25.74%) Unit Testing
2 23 (22.77%) Agile Software Development
2 23 (22.77%) Problem-Solving
3 20 (19.80%) Business Analysis
4 18 (17.82%) Service Management
5 12 (11.88%) DevOps
6 11 (10.89%) SDLC
7 10 (9.90%) Test Automation
8 9 (8.91%) ITIL
8 9 (8.91%) Software Engineering
9 8 (7.92%) Translating Business Requirements
10 7 (6.93%) Change Management
10 7 (6.93%) CMMI
10 7 (6.93%) Coaching
10 7 (6.93%) Mathematics
10 7 (6.93%) Mentoring
10 7 (6.93%) Service Delivery
11 5 (4.95%) Front End Development
11 5 (4.95%) Pair Programming
11 5 (4.95%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 68 (67.33%) Java
2 56 (55.45%) SQL
3 46 (45.54%) JCL
4 24 (23.76%) C
5 8 (7.92%) C++
6 7 (6.93%) Python
7 6 (5.94%) C#
8 4 (3.96%) R
8 4 (3.96%) RPG
8 4 (3.96%) VB
9 3 (2.97%) Assembly Language
9 3 (2.97%) PL/1
10 2 (1.98%) Groovy
10 2 (1.98%) JavaScript
10 2 (1.98%) PowerShell
10 2 (1.98%) Shell Script
11 1 (0.99%) Natural
11 1 (0.99%) SELCOPY
Qualifications
1 14 (13.86%) Degree
2 5 (4.95%) Security Cleared
3 4 (3.96%) Master's Degree
4 3 (2.97%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.99%) CTC Cleared
5 1 (0.99%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.99%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (3.96%) GDPR
System Software
1 11 (10.89%) Job Entry Subsystem
2 2 (1.98%) Docker
3 1 (0.99%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 8 (7.92%) Tivoli
2 2 (1.98%) Ansible
2 2 (1.98%) Kubernetes
2 2 (1.98%) Terraform
3 1 (0.99%) CA Endevor
3 1 (0.99%) Control-M
Vendors
1 30 (29.70%) IBM
2 22 (21.78%) Microsoft
3 13 (12.87%) ServiceNow
4 9 (8.91%) Micro Focus
5 8 (7.92%) Red Hat
6 5 (4.95%) Oracle
7 3 (2.97%) Progress
8 2 (1.98%) Compuware
8 2 (1.98%) SAP
9 1 (0.99%) CA