Period
to 2 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 2 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

COBOL
UK
6 months to
2 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 772 975 1081
Rank change year-on-year +203 +106 0
Permanent jobs citing COBOL 79 137 126
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.10% 0.094% 0.071%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.18% 0.17% 0.13%
Number of salaries quoted 60 97 109
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £44,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +13.64% -14.89%
10th Percentile £42,250 £26,250 £34,500
90th Percentile £72,500 £83,750 £79,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £43,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +14.94% -13.00%

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,823 78,715 98,889
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.50% 53.95% 56.09%
Number of salaries quoted 36,051 64,507 82,353
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing COBOL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing COBOL.

Salary trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing COBOL over the 6 months to 2 July 2020.

Salary histogram for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Top 10 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 6 months to 2 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +225 79 £52,500 +5.00% 7
UK excluding London +155 62 £52,500 +5.00% 5
North of England +129 35 £55,000 +46.76% 3
South East +111 20 £55,000 - 1
Yorkshire +119 19 £46,000 -11.54%
London +194 17 £50,000 -38.46% 2
North West +104 15 £60,000 +35.89% 2
East of England +90 7 £46,500 -13.89%
Work from Home +44 1 - - 1
North East +12 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 2 July 2020, IT jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 56 (70.89%) Mainframe
2 44 (55.70%) Java
3 38 (48.10%) DB2
4 34 (43.04%) SQL
5 28 (35.44%) Software Engineering
6 27 (34.18%) Agile Software Development
6 27 (34.18%) CICS
7 25 (31.65%) Finance
7 25 (31.65%) Scrum
7 25 (31.65%) Test Automation
7 25 (31.65%) DevOps
8 24 (30.38%) Oracle
9 23 (29.11%) JIRA
10 22 (27.85%) JCL
11 20 (25.32%) C#
11 20 (25.32%) Jenkins
12 19 (24.05%) REXX
13 18 (22.78%) Python
14 17 (21.52%) Linux
14 17 (21.52%) JavaScript
14 17 (21.52%) IBM
15 16 (20.25%) .NET
16 15 (18.99%) C
16 15 (18.99%) Selenium
17 14 (17.72%) Continuous Improvement
18 13 (16.46%) Analytical Skills
18 13 (16.46%) Banking
18 13 (16.46%) Unix
19 12 (15.19%) CA
19 12 (15.19%) Manufacturing

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (34.18%) CICS
2 11 (13.92%) WebSphere
3 10 (12.66%) Confluence
4 5 (6.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 4 (5.06%) MQSeries
6 2 (2.53%) Tomcat
6 2 (2.53%) WebLogic
Applications
1 2 (2.53%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 7 (8.86%) Azure
2 5 (6.33%) BlazeMeter
2 5 (6.33%) Sauce Labs
3 4 (5.06%) AWS
3 4 (5.06%) GCP
Communications & Networking
1 3 (3.80%) CTI
2 1 (1.27%) ATM
2 1 (1.27%) SAN
2 1 (1.27%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (48.10%) DB2
2 8 (10.13%) SQL Server
3 6 (7.59%) Relational Database
4 3 (3.80%) Crystal Reports
4 3 (3.80%) NoSQL
5 1 (1.27%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 23 (29.11%) JIRA
2 20 (25.32%) Jenkins
3 15 (18.99%) Selenium
4 9 (11.39%) JMeter
5 8 (10.13%) Git (software)
6 7 (8.86%) IBM UrbanCode
6 7 (8.86%) WebDriver
7 6 (7.59%) HP UFT
8 5 (6.33%) Appium
8 5 (6.33%) Cucumber
8 5 (6.33%) JUnit
8 5 (6.33%) LoadRunner
9 4 (5.06%) JIRA Agile
9 4 (5.06%) Team Foundation Server
10 1 (1.27%) InstallShield
10 1 (1.27%) MSI
10 1 (1.27%) Visual Studio
General
1 25 (31.65%) Finance
2 13 (16.46%) Banking
3 12 (15.19%) Manufacturing
4 11 (13.92%) Retail
5 3 (3.80%) Retail Finance
6 2 (2.53%) French Language
7 1 (1.27%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 23 (29.11%) Developer
2 17 (21.52%) COBOL Programmer
2 17 (21.52%) Programmer
3 15 (18.99%) COBOL Developer
4 13 (16.46%) Analyst
5 12 (15.19%) Software Engineer
6 10 (12.66%) Analyst Programmer
6 10 (12.66%) COBOL Analyst
6 10 (12.66%) COBOL Analyst Programmer
7 8 (10.13%) Java Analyst Programmer
7 8 (10.13%) Java Programmer
8 7 (8.86%) Supply Chain Analyst
8 7 (8.86%) Supply Chain Analyst Programmer
9 6 (7.59%) Tester
10 5 (6.33%) Automation Tester
10 5 (6.33%) DB2 Programmer
10 5 (6.33%) Financial Analyst
10 5 (6.33%) Quality Engineer
10 5 (6.33%) SQL Programmer
11 4 (5.06%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 16 (20.25%) .NET
2 7 (8.86%) WebSphere MQ
3 6 (7.59%) REST
4 5 (6.33%) CSS
4 5 (6.33%) HTML
4 5 (6.33%) HTML5
4 5 (6.33%) Spring
5 4 (5.06%) Hibernate
5 4 (5.06%) Java EE
5 4 (5.06%) Play Framework
6 3 (3.80%) Web Services
7 2 (2.53%) FIX Protocol
7 2 (2.53%) JAAS
7 2 (2.53%) JMS
7 2 (2.53%) JPA
7 2 (2.53%) JSF
7 2 (2.53%) Middleware
7 2 (2.53%) Node.js
7 2 (2.53%) RESTful
7 2 (2.53%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 56 (70.89%) Mainframe
2 13 (16.46%) Analytical Skills
3 9 (11.39%) IBM Mainframe
4 7 (8.86%) Linux Command Line
4 7 (8.86%) Self-Motivation
5 6 (7.59%) User Experience
6 4 (5.06%) VSAM
7 2 (2.53%) iSeries
7 2 (2.53%) Mobile App
7 2 (2.53%) SWIFT
8 1 (1.27%) AS400
8 1 (1.27%) Enterprise Storage
8 1 (1.27%) LPAR
8 1 (1.27%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 17 (21.52%) Linux
2 13 (16.46%) Unix
3 8 (10.13%) Windows
4 7 (8.86%) zOS
5 5 (6.33%) Android
5 5 (6.33%) Apple iOS
6 2 (2.53%) AIX
6 2 (2.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (1.27%) HPUX
7 1 (1.27%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 28 (35.44%) Software Engineering
2 27 (34.18%) Agile Software Development
3 25 (31.65%) DevOps
3 25 (31.65%) Scrum
3 25 (31.65%) Test Automation
4 14 (17.72%) Continuous Improvement
5 12 (15.19%) Test Scripting
6 10 (12.66%) Test Strategy
6 10 (12.66%) Unit Testing
7 8 (10.13%) Front End Development
7 8 (10.13%) Problem-Solving
7 8 (10.13%) SOA
8 7 (8.86%) Continuous Delivery
8 7 (8.86%) Epics
8 7 (8.86%) Task Automation
9 6 (7.59%) Kanban
9 6 (7.59%) PRINCE2
9 6 (7.59%) Six Sigma
10 5 (6.33%) BDD
10 5 (6.33%) Benchmarking
Programming Languages
1 44 (55.70%) Java
2 34 (43.04%) SQL
3 22 (27.85%) JCL
4 20 (25.32%) C#
5 19 (24.05%) REXX
6 18 (22.78%) Python
7 17 (21.52%) JavaScript
8 15 (18.99%) C
9 11 (13.92%) PL/SQL
10 10 (12.66%) C++
10 10 (12.66%) PL/1
11 9 (11.39%) Assembly Language
12 7 (8.86%) Bash Shell
12 7 (8.86%) Groovy
13 6 (7.59%) Perl
13 6 (7.59%) VB
14 4 (5.06%) HLASM
14 4 (5.06%) Scala
15 1 (1.27%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 11 (13.92%) ISTQB
2 6 (7.59%) ISEB
2 6 (7.59%) PMI Certification
2 6 (7.59%) PMP
3 4 (5.06%) Degree
3 4 (5.06%) MCP
4 2 (2.53%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
5 1 (1.27%) SC Cleared
5 1 (1.27%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (13.92%) QA
2 2 (2.53%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 7 (8.86%) RACF
2 6 (7.59%) ACF2
2 6 (7.59%) Docker
3 4 (5.06%) Time Sharing Option
4 1 (1.27%) Job Entry Subsystem
Systems Management
1 12 (15.19%) CA Service Virtualization
Vendors
1 24 (30.38%) Oracle
2 17 (21.52%) IBM
3 12 (15.19%) CA
4 8 (10.13%) Micro Focus
4 8 (10.13%) Microsoft
5 5 (6.33%) HP
5 5 (6.33%) Perfecto Mobile
6 4 (5.06%) Compuware
7 3 (3.80%) Google
8 1 (1.27%) Red Hat
8 1 (1.27%) Unisys