Period
to 20 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 20 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

COBOL
UK
6 months to
20 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 958 1074 1093
Rank change year-on-year +116 +19 -115
Permanent jobs citing COBOL 134 117 129
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.092% 0.067% 0.073%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.17% 0.12% 0.13%
Number of salaries quoted 97 93 84
UK median annual salary £50,000 £43,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +14.94% -13.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £26,250 £34,500 £29,150
90th Percentile £83,750 £83,900 £67,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £42,500 £46,000
% change year-on-year +17.65% -7.61% +2.22%

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 78,560 97,905 98,298
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.79% 55.92% 55.44%
Number of salaries quoted 64,439 81,397 82,167
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,500 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing COBOL.

Salary trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL over the 6 months to 20 July 2019.

Salary histogram for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 6 months to 20 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +110 128 £50,000 +14.94% 16
UK excluding London +97 125 £50,000 +17.65% 14
South East +33 49 £50,000 +11.11% 4
North of England +21 40 £37,476 -10.77% 6
Midlands +50 24 £40,000 -4.31% 4
North West +10 17 £44,154 +5.13% 2
East Midlands +27 16 £47,250 +10.79% 1
Yorkshire +18 14 £52,000 -
London +75 9 £93,750 +45.46% 2
North East - 9 £21,000 - 4
West Midlands +21 8 £40,000 - 3
East of England - 6 £54,000 -
Scotland +10 5 £40,000 +6.67%
Wales - 1 £40,000 -

For the 6 months to 20 July 2019, IT jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 83 (61.94%) SQL
2 79 (58.96%) Java
3 65 (48.51%) DB2
4 62 (46.27%) Mainframe
5 56 (41.79%) JCL
6 48 (35.82%) IBM
7 46 (34.33%) Analytical Skills
8 42 (31.34%) CICS
9 41 (30.60%) Microsoft
10 38 (28.36%) Problem-Solving
11 35 (26.12%) Finance
12 29 (21.64%) Retail
13 25 (18.66%) MVS
14 23 (17.16%) Business Analysis
14 23 (17.16%) Team Foundation Server
14 23 (17.16%) C
15 22 (16.42%) Agile Software Development
15 22 (16.42%) Unix
15 22 (16.42%) Banking
16 21 (15.67%) Unit Testing
16 21 (15.67%) Linux
17 20 (14.93%) Manufacturing
17 20 (14.93%) Relational Database
18 19 (14.18%) XML
18 19 (14.18%) Oracle
18 19 (14.18%) ERP
19 18 (13.43%) Microsoft Office
19 18 (13.43%) VSAM
20 17 (12.69%) C++
21 15 (11.19%) RPG

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (31.34%) CICS
2 15 (11.19%) SharePoint
3 7 (5.22%) Tuxedo
4 4 (2.99%) WebSphere
5 2 (1.49%) nginx
6 1 (0.75%) IIS
Applications
1 18 (13.43%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 6 (4.48%) Summit
2 1 (0.75%) BASE24
2 1 (0.75%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 15 (11.19%) Office 365
2 3 (2.24%) GitHub
2 3 (2.24%) Microsoft Azure
3 1 (0.75%) Amazon AWS
3 1 (0.75%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 15 (11.19%) FTP
2 7 (5.22%) ATM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 65 (48.51%) DB2
2 20 (14.93%) Relational Database
3 11 (8.21%) Oracle Database
4 2 (1.49%) Adabas
5 1 (0.75%) DataStage
5 1 (0.75%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 23 (17.16%) Team Foundation Server
2 11 (8.21%) Git (software)
3 10 (7.46%) Eclipse
4 7 (5.22%) Visual Studio
5 4 (2.99%) Jenkins
6 3 (2.24%) JIRA
7 2 (1.49%) Ant
7 2 (1.49%) SonarQube
7 2 (1.49%) Sonatype Nexus
7 2 (1.49%) Subversion
7 2 (1.49%) TeamCity
7 2 (1.49%) Zephyr
8 1 (0.75%) Appium
8 1 (0.75%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 1 (0.75%) Bitbucket Server
8 1 (0.75%) CA Release Automation
8 1 (0.75%) Cucumber
8 1 (0.75%) Grunt
8 1 (0.75%) Maven
8 1 (0.75%) VersaTest
General
1 35 (26.12%) Finance
2 29 (21.64%) Retail
3 22 (16.42%) Banking
4 20 (14.93%) Manufacturing
5 4 (2.99%) Retail Banking
6 2 (1.49%) Advertising
6 2 (1.49%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 61 (45.52%) Developer
2 49 (36.57%) Analyst
3 43 (32.09%) Programmer
4 36 (26.87%) Analyst Programmer
5 35 (26.12%) COBOL Analyst
5 35 (26.12%) COBOL Programmer
6 33 (24.63%) COBOL Analyst Programmer
7 31 (23.13%) COBOL Developer
8 27 (20.15%) Senior Analyst
9 24 (17.91%) Senior Programmer
10 23 (17.16%) Senior Analyst Programmer
10 23 (17.16%) Senior COBOL Programmer
11 22 (16.42%) Senior COBOL Analyst
11 22 (16.42%) Senior COBOL Analyst Programmer
12 18 (13.43%) Mainframe Developer
13 16 (11.94%) Senior Developer
14 15 (11.19%) RPG Programmer
14 15 (11.19%) Senior RPG Programmer
15 14 (10.45%) RPG Analyst Programmer
15 14 (10.45%) Senior RPG Analyst Programmer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19 (14.18%) XML
2 9 (6.72%) .NET
3 8 (5.97%) Middleware
4 3 (2.24%) Apache Avro
4 3 (2.24%) JSON
4 3 (2.24%) WebSphere MQ
4 3 (2.24%) XML Schema
5 1 (0.75%) BAPI
5 1 (0.75%) HTML
5 1 (0.75%) HTML5
5 1 (0.75%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 62 (46.27%) Mainframe
2 46 (34.33%) Analytical Skills
3 18 (13.43%) VSAM
4 14 (10.45%) Client/Server
5 8 (5.97%) FMCG
6 5 (3.73%) Reference Data
7 4 (2.99%) Greenfield Project
7 4 (2.99%) Self-Motivation
8 3 (2.24%) Tandem
8 3 (2.24%) Taxonomies
9 2 (1.49%) Cloud Native
9 2 (1.49%) Pricing Data
9 2 (1.49%) User Experience
10 1 (0.75%) BYOD
10 1 (0.75%) Data Centre
10 1 (0.75%) EMV
10 1 (0.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 1 (0.75%) IBM Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 25 (18.66%) MVS
2 22 (16.42%) Unix
3 21 (15.67%) Linux
4 11 (8.21%) zOS
5 10 (7.46%) AIX
6 7 (5.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (5.22%) VME
6 7 (5.22%) Windows
7 1 (0.75%) Solaris
7 1 (0.75%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 38 (28.36%) Problem-Solving
2 23 (17.16%) Business Analysis
3 22 (16.42%) Agile Software Development
4 21 (15.67%) Unit Testing
5 19 (14.18%) ERP
6 14 (10.45%) Data Analysis
6 14 (10.45%) Data Protection
6 14 (10.45%) Service Management
7 13 (9.70%) Coaching
8 12 (8.96%) Software Engineering
9 11 (8.21%) Fintech
9 11 (8.21%) Mentoring
9 11 (8.21%) SDLC
10 8 (5.97%) Translating Business Requirements
11 7 (5.22%) DevOps
11 7 (5.22%) Migration
11 7 (5.22%) Wealth Management
12 6 (4.48%) Front End Development
12 6 (4.48%) Service Delivery
12 6 (4.48%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 83 (61.94%) SQL
2 79 (58.96%) Java
3 56 (41.79%) JCL
4 23 (17.16%) C
5 17 (12.69%) C++
6 15 (11.19%) RPG
7 14 (10.45%) R
8 12 (8.96%) Assembly Language
9 11 (8.21%) Python
10 6 (4.48%) VB
11 5 (3.73%) PL/1
12 4 (2.99%) Perl
13 3 (2.24%) C#
13 3 (2.24%) Scala
13 3 (2.24%) VB6
14 2 (1.49%) Groovy
14 2 (1.49%) Natural
14 2 (1.49%) PL/SQL
14 2 (1.49%) PowerShell
14 2 (1.49%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 13 (9.70%) Degree
2 6 (4.48%) Master's Degree
2 6 (4.48%) Security Cleared
3 5 (3.73%) Computer Science Degree
4 3 (2.24%) CTC Cleared
5 1 (0.75%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.75%) ISEB
5 1 (0.75%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (10.45%) GDPR
2 9 (6.72%) SLA
3 3 (2.24%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.75%) QA
System Software
1 3 (2.24%) Docker
1 3 (2.24%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 8 (5.97%) Tivoli
2 3 (2.24%) Ansible
2 3 (2.24%) Kubernetes
3 2 (1.49%) Terraform
4 1 (0.75%) Automic
4 1 (0.75%) CA Endevor
4 1 (0.75%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.75%) Puppet
Vendors
1 48 (35.82%) IBM
2 41 (30.60%) Microsoft
3 19 (14.18%) Oracle
4 13 (9.70%) ServiceNow
5 9 (6.72%) Micro Focus
6 7 (5.22%) Red Hat
7 3 (2.24%) ICL
7 3 (2.24%) Progress
7 3 (2.24%) SAP
7 3 (2.24%) TSYS
8 1 (0.75%) CA
8 1 (0.75%) Fujitsu
8 1 (0.75%) Software AG
8 1 (0.75%) Unisys