Period
to 17 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 17 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

COBOL
UK
6 months to
17 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1021 1021 864
Rank change year-on-year 0 -157 +47
Permanent jobs citing COBOL 136 152 430
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.079% 0.085% 0.21%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.14% 0.16% 0.40%
Number of salaries quoted 107 111 320
UK median annual salary £45,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -10.00% +11.11% -10.00%
10th Percentile £32,200 £26,250 £33,750
90th Percentile £64,531 £58,750 £65,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £50,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year -10.00% +17.65% -5.56%

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 95,975 94,601 106,798
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.41% 53.19% 51.97%
Number of salaries quoted 79,901 81,277 91,792
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £27,750
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing COBOL.

Salary trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL over the 6 months to 17 January 2018.

Salary histogram for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 6 months to 17 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 128 £45,000 -10.00% 23
UK excluding London -13 116 £45,000 -10.00% 24
North of England +44 69 £40,500 +47.27% 5
North West +33 49 £48,500 +19.75% 4
South East -25 29 £56,250 +7.14% 5
Yorkshire +25 19 £33,625 +22.27% 1
London +34 17 £47,500 -12.44%
Midlands +1 8 £40,000 -14.89% 6
East Midlands +11 6 £40,000 -22.93% 3
Scotland -31 5 £41,750 -0.60% 1
South West +9 3 £45,000 -5.26% 6
East of England +18 2 £64,469 - 1
West Midlands +6 2 £47,500 +26.67% 3
North East -16 1 - -

For the 6 months to 17 January 2018, IT jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 73 (53.68%) Mainframe
2 62 (45.59%) Finance
3 59 (43.38%) SQL
4 53 (38.97%) DB2
5 48 (35.29%) Java
6 42 (30.88%) CICS
7 35 (25.74%) IBM
8 33 (24.26%) Agile Software Development
9 32 (23.53%) Oracle
10 30 (22.06%) Linux
11 29 (21.32%) Unix
12 28 (20.59%) JavaScript
13 24 (17.65%) Retail
13 24 (17.65%) Analytical Skills
14 23 (16.91%) Windows
15 21 (15.44%) SDLC
16 19 (13.97%) C++
16 19 (13.97%) Web Services
16 19 (13.97%) Degree
17 18 (13.24%) Software Engineering
17 18 (13.24%) ITIL
17 18 (13.24%) Middleware
18 17 (12.50%) JCL
18 17 (12.50%) IBM Mainframe
18 17 (12.50%) Test Automation
19 16 (11.76%) Open Source
19 16 (11.76%) Waterfall
19 16 (11.76%) Stakeholder Management
19 16 (11.76%) IMS/DB
19 16 (11.76%) Micro Focus

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (30.88%) CICS
2 7 (5.15%) WebSphere
3 6 (4.41%) Confluence
3 6 (4.41%) SharePoint
4 5 (3.68%) IIS
4 5 (3.68%) WebLogic
5 4 (2.94%) Apache
5 4 (2.94%) GeoServer
5 4 (2.94%) JBoss
5 4 (2.94%) Oracle Spatial
5 4 (2.94%) Tomcat
6 2 (1.47%) MQSeries
7 1 (0.74%) BizTalk Server
7 1 (0.74%) SharePoint 2013
7 1 (0.74%) Tuxedo
Applications
1 1 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 7 (5.15%) BASE24
1 7 (5.15%) BusinessWorks
2 6 (4.41%) Oracle EBS
2 6 (4.41%) TIBCO iProcess
3 1 (0.74%) Exstream
3 1 (0.74%) PeopleSoft Financials
3 1 (0.74%) PeopleSoft HCM
Cloud Services
1 6 (4.41%) Amazon AWS
1 6 (4.41%) Microsoft Azure
1 6 (4.41%) Slack
1 6 (4.41%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 8 (5.88%) ATM
1 8 (5.88%) FTP
2 4 (2.94%) CTI
3 3 (2.21%) Internet
4 2 (1.47%) SAN
5 1 (0.74%) AMQP
5 1 (0.74%) HTTP
5 1 (0.74%) LAN
5 1 (0.74%) SMS
5 1 (0.74%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.74%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 53 (38.97%) DB2
2 16 (11.76%) IMS/DB
3 14 (10.29%) SQL Server
4 11 (8.09%) Relational Database
5 6 (4.41%) Oracle Database
5 6 (4.41%) Oracle Database 12c
6 4 (2.94%) GIS
6 4 (2.94%) PostgreSQL
7 3 (2.21%) Data Warehouse
7 3 (2.21%) Easytrieve
7 3 (2.21%) Snowflake Schema
7 3 (2.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 3 (2.21%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 3 (2.21%) Star Schema
8 2 (1.47%) Adabas
8 2 (1.47%) MongoDB
8 2 (1.47%) MySQL
9 1 (0.74%) SQL Server 2000
9 1 (0.74%) SQL Server 2008
9 1 (0.74%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 10 (7.35%) Oracle Forms
2 9 (6.62%) Cucumber
2 9 (6.62%) Jenkins
3 8 (5.88%) Team Foundation Server
4 7 (5.15%) LoadRunner
4 7 (5.15%) Selenium
4 7 (5.15%) VersaTest
5 6 (4.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 6 (4.41%) Gatling
5 6 (4.41%) HP UFT
5 6 (4.41%) Jasmine
5 6 (4.41%) JIRA
5 6 (4.41%) JMeter
5 6 (4.41%) Maven
5 6 (4.41%) Mockito
5 6 (4.41%) Protractor
5 6 (4.41%) SoapUI
5 6 (4.41%) TestComplete
5 6 (4.41%) The Grinder
5 6 (4.41%) WebDriver
General
1 62 (45.59%) Finance
2 24 (17.65%) Retail
3 14 (10.29%) Banking
4 11 (8.09%) Investment Banking
5 10 (7.35%) Law
6 6 (4.41%) Legal
6 6 (4.41%) Telecoms
7 3 (2.21%) Financial Institution
8 2 (1.47%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.74%) French Language
9 1 (0.74%) German Language
9 1 (0.74%) Italian Language
9 1 (0.74%) Portuguese Language
9 1 (0.74%) Retail Banking
9 1 (0.74%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 38 (27.94%) Developer
2 24 (17.65%) COBOL Developer
3 18 (13.24%) Analyst
4 17 (12.50%) Programmer
5 12 (8.82%) DB2 Programmer
5 12 (8.82%) Software Engineer
5 12 (8.82%) Test Engineer
6 11 (8.09%) COBOL Programmer
7 10 (7.35%) Analyst Programmer
7 10 (7.35%) Architect
7 10 (7.35%) COBOL Analyst
7 10 (7.35%) Mainframe Support
8 9 (6.62%) Analyst Developer
8 9 (6.62%) COBOL Analyst Programmer
8 9 (6.62%) DB2 Developer
9 8 (5.88%) Applications Specialist
9 8 (5.88%) Developer Analyst
9 8 (5.88%) Oracle Developer
10 7 (5.15%) Software Developer
11 6 (4.41%) Applications Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19 (13.97%) Web Services
2 18 (13.24%) Middleware
3 13 (9.56%) HTML
3 13 (9.56%) Oracle Fusion
4 10 (7.35%) JSP
5 9 (6.62%) .NET
6 8 (5.88%) REST
6 8 (5.88%) Spring
7 7 (5.15%) TIBCO EMS
8 6 (4.41%) Gherkin
8 6 (4.41%) J2EE
8 6 (4.41%) Nightwatchjs
8 6 (4.41%) Rendezvous
8 6 (4.41%) XML
9 5 (3.68%) JMS
9 5 (3.68%) XSD
10 4 (2.94%) CSS
10 4 (2.94%) EJB
10 4 (2.94%) Servlets
10 4 (2.94%) Struts
Miscellaneous
1 73 (53.68%) Mainframe
2 24 (17.65%) Analytical Skills
3 17 (12.50%) IBM Mainframe
4 9 (6.62%) Enterprise Software
5 7 (5.15%) Fintech
6 6 (4.41%) iSeries
6 6 (4.41%) Tandem
7 5 (3.68%) AS400
8 4 (2.94%) Management Information System
8 4 (2.94%) Virtual Team
8 4 (2.94%) VSAM
9 3 (2.21%) Clustering
9 3 (2.21%) N-Tier
10 2 (1.47%) Computer Science
10 2 (1.47%) EMC VMAX
10 2 (1.47%) PMI
10 2 (1.47%) Replication
11 1 (0.74%) Data Structures
11 1 (0.74%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 30 (22.06%) Linux
2 29 (21.32%) Unix
3 23 (16.91%) Windows
4 12 (8.82%) Windows Server
5 8 (5.88%) zOS
6 6 (4.41%) Solaris
6 6 (4.41%) Windows Server 2003
6 6 (4.41%) Windows Server 2008
7 2 (1.47%) AIX
8 1 (0.74%) MVS
8 1 (0.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.74%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 33 (24.26%) Agile Software Development
2 21 (15.44%) SDLC
3 18 (13.24%) ITIL
3 18 (13.24%) Software Engineering
4 17 (12.50%) Test Automation
5 16 (11.76%) Open Source
5 16 (11.76%) Stakeholder Management
5 16 (11.76%) Waterfall
6 15 (11.03%) Risk Management
6 15 (11.03%) Service Management
7 14 (10.29%) DevOps
8 12 (8.82%) Service Delivery
8 12 (8.82%) TDD
9 10 (7.35%) Business Intelligence
9 10 (7.35%) ETL
9 10 (7.35%) Wealth Management
10 9 (6.62%) Systems Analysis
11 8 (5.88%) Integration Testing
11 8 (5.88%) SOA
11 8 (5.88%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 59 (43.38%) SQL
2 48 (35.29%) Java
3 28 (20.59%) JavaScript
4 19 (13.97%) C++
5 17 (12.50%) JCL
6 15 (11.03%) C
6 15 (11.03%) C#
7 12 (8.82%) Assembly Language
8 11 (8.09%) PL/SQL
9 7 (5.15%) VB.NET
10 6 (4.41%) Groovy
10 6 (4.41%) Pascal
10 6 (4.41%) PL/1
10 6 (4.41%) Python
10 6 (4.41%) REXX
10 6 (4.41%) Ruby
11 3 (2.21%) Perl
11 3 (2.21%) VB
12 2 (1.47%) PeopleCode
12 2 (1.47%) SQR
Qualifications
1 19 (13.97%) Degree
2 7 (5.15%) Security Cleared
3 6 (4.41%) ISTQB
3 6 (4.41%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
4 5 (3.68%) Master's Degree
4 5 (3.68%) SC Cleared
5 4 (2.94%) PMI Certification
6 2 (1.47%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (1.47%) CTC Cleared
6 2 (1.47%) MCP
6 2 (1.47%) PMP
6 2 (1.47%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (9.56%) QA
2 3 (2.21%) GDPR
3 2 (1.47%) ISO 9001
3 2 (1.47%) TickIT
4 1 (0.74%) SLA
System Software
1 10 (7.35%) Time Sharing Option
2 6 (4.41%) Docker
3 2 (1.47%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 6 (4.41%) Kubernetes
1 6 (4.41%) Opscode Chef
1 6 (4.41%) Puppet
1 6 (4.41%) TIBCO Hawk
2 2 (1.47%) CA Endevor
3 1 (0.74%) Ansible
3 1 (0.74%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 35 (25.74%) IBM
2 32 (23.53%) Oracle
3 16 (11.76%) Micro Focus
4 12 (8.82%) CA
5 9 (6.62%) Google
6 8 (5.88%) Microsoft
7 7 (5.15%) TIBCO
8 6 (4.41%) CA Agile Central
8 6 (4.41%) Salesforce.com
8 6 (4.41%) SAP
9 4 (2.94%) Chordiant
9 4 (2.94%) HP
10 2 (1.47%) Ab Initio
10 2 (1.47%) EMC
10 2 (1.47%) hybris
10 2 (1.47%) PeopleSoft
10 2 (1.47%) Remedy
10 2 (1.47%) Sun
10 2 (1.47%) Talend
10 2 (1.47%) Unisys