Period
to 20 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 20 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

COBOL
UK
6 months to
20 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1063 1082 970
Rank change year-on-year +19 -112 -189
Permanent jobs citing COBOL 117 129 322
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.067% 0.073% 0.16%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.12% 0.13% 0.30%
Number of salaries quoted 93 84 211
UK median annual salary £43,500 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -13.00% +11.11% -7.22%
10th Percentile £34,500 £29,150 £31,250
90th Percentile £83,900 £67,500 £62,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £46,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -7.61% +2.22% -

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 97,905 98,295 106,270
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.92% 55.44% 52.36%
Number of salaries quoted 81,397 82,164 91,868
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £30,500 £28,750 £28,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing COBOL.

Salary trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL over the 6 months to 20 July 2018.

Salary histogram for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Top 12 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 6 months to 20 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +27 114 £43,500 -17.92% 14
UK excluding London +9 106 £42,500 -7.61% 11
South East +25 48 £45,000 -30.77% 1
North of England +3 32 £42,000 +5.00% 4
North West +26 27 £42,000 -16.00% 2
Midlands -11 14 £41,800 -21.87% 4
East Midlands +5 10 £42,650 - 3
London -6 10 £64,450 +10.17% 5
South West +10 9 £39,000 -
Yorkshire +10 5 £52,000 +71.90% 1
West Midlands +13 4 £40,000 -25.23% 1
Scotland -22 3 £37,500 -16.67% 2

For the 6 months to 20 July 2018, IT jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 68 (58.12%) Mainframe
2 53 (45.30%) Agile Software Development
3 51 (43.59%) DB2
4 45 (38.46%) IBM
5 34 (29.06%) CICS
6 33 (28.21%) Finance
6 33 (28.21%) IBM Mainframe
7 32 (27.35%) Java
8 28 (23.93%) Problem-Solving
9 27 (23.08%) SQL
10 26 (22.22%) Waterfall
11 24 (20.51%) Unit Testing
12 23 (19.66%) QA
12 23 (19.66%) SDLC
13 22 (18.80%) Analytical Skills
14 21 (17.95%) TDD
14 21 (17.95%) JCL
14 21 (17.95%) Web Services
14 21 (17.95%) Unix
15 20 (17.09%) Perl
16 19 (16.24%) C
16 19 (16.24%) XML
16 19 (16.24%) Linux
17 18 (15.38%) C#
17 18 (15.38%) .NET
17 18 (15.38%) Scrum
18 17 (14.53%) Test Automation
19 16 (13.68%) C++
20 15 (12.82%) VB
20 15 (12.82%) HP

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (29.06%) CICS
2 14 (11.97%) WebSphere
3 7 (5.98%) Confluence
4 4 (3.42%) SAS
4 4 (3.42%) SharePoint
5 3 (2.56%) IIS
5 3 (2.56%) WebSphere Application Server
6 2 (1.71%) JBoss
6 2 (1.71%) WebLogic
7 1 (0.85%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 12 (10.26%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (3.42%) BASE24
2 2 (1.71%) BusinessWorks
2 2 (1.71%) TIBCO iProcess
3 1 (0.85%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.85%) PeopleSoft Financials
3 1 (0.85%) PeopleSoft HRMS
Cloud Services
1 2 (1.71%) Amazon AWS
2 1 (0.85%) GitHub
2 1 (0.85%) Microsoft Azure
2 1 (0.85%) Slack
2 1 (0.85%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 4 (3.42%) ATM
1 4 (3.42%) CTI
2 3 (2.56%) Internet
3 2 (1.71%) FTP
3 2 (1.71%) MQTT
4 1 (0.85%) AMQP
4 1 (0.85%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (43.59%) DB2
2 14 (11.97%) Relational Database
3 6 (5.13%) IMS/DB
4 4 (3.42%) Ingres
4 4 (3.42%) PostgreSQL
4 4 (3.42%) SQL Server
5 3 (2.56%) Big Data
5 3 (2.56%) Easytrieve
5 3 (2.56%) Oracle Database
5 3 (2.56%) RDBMS
6 2 (1.71%) MySQL
6 2 (1.71%) Oracle Database 12c
7 1 (0.85%) Apache Hive
7 1 (0.85%) Hadoop
7 1 (0.85%) Oracle BI Publisher
7 1 (0.85%) Oracle Database 10g
7 1 (0.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 1 (0.85%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 10 (8.55%) Team Foundation Server
2 7 (5.98%) JIRA
3 6 (5.13%) Git (software)
3 6 (5.13%) Jenkins
4 5 (4.27%) Selenium
5 3 (2.56%) HP UFT
5 3 (2.56%) LoadRunner
5 3 (2.56%) PROIV
6 2 (1.71%) ClearCase
6 2 (1.71%) Cucumber
6 2 (1.71%) Eclipse
6 2 (1.71%) JMeter
6 2 (1.71%) Log4j
6 2 (1.71%) Log4Net
6 2 (1.71%) Subversion
6 2 (1.71%) Visual Studio
6 2 (1.71%) VSS/SourceSafe
7 1 (0.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 1 (0.85%) JUnit
7 1 (0.85%) Maven
General
1 33 (28.21%) Finance
2 11 (9.40%) Banking
3 8 (6.84%) Advertising
4 7 (5.98%) Law
5 6 (5.13%) Retail
6 5 (4.27%) Investment Banking
7 4 (3.42%) Telecoms
8 3 (2.56%) Marketing
9 2 (1.71%) Legal
10 1 (0.85%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.85%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 30 (25.64%) Developer
2 26 (22.22%) Analyst
3 15 (12.82%) Software Developer
4 14 (11.97%) Programmer
5 11 (9.40%) COBOL Developer
5 11 (9.40%) Test Engineer
6 10 (8.55%) Applications Support
6 10 (8.55%) Designer
7 9 (7.69%) Analyst Programmer
8 8 (6.84%) Agile Developer
8 8 (6.84%) COBOL Programmer
8 8 (6.84%) Mainframe Support
8 8 (6.84%) QA Engineer
9 7 (5.98%) COBOL Analyst
9 7 (5.98%) Linux Engineer
9 7 (5.98%) Software Engineer
10 6 (5.13%) Mainframe Analyst
10 6 (5.13%) Support Analyst
11 5 (4.27%) Lead Programmer
11 5 (4.27%) QA Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (17.95%) Web Services
2 19 (16.24%) XML
3 18 (15.38%) .NET
4 12 (10.26%) WebSphere MQ
5 9 (7.69%) HTML
6 6 (5.13%) Middleware
7 5 (4.27%) REST
8 4 (3.42%) JDBC
8 4 (3.42%) ODBC
8 4 (3.42%) XSLT
9 3 (2.56%) JMS
9 3 (2.56%) JSP
10 2 (1.71%) EJB
10 2 (1.71%) IBM Integration Bus
10 2 (1.71%) J2EE
10 2 (1.71%) Rendezvous
10 2 (1.71%) Servlets
10 2 (1.71%) Struts
10 2 (1.71%) WSDL
10 2 (1.71%) XSD
Miscellaneous
1 68 (58.12%) Mainframe
2 33 (28.21%) IBM Mainframe
3 22 (18.80%) Analytical Skills
4 9 (7.69%) Computer Science
5 7 (5.98%) VSAM
6 5 (4.27%) Fintech
7 4 (3.42%) Linux Command Line
7 4 (3.42%) Tandem
7 4 (3.42%) User Experience
8 2 (1.71%) Data Structures
8 2 (1.71%) Enterprise Software
8 2 (1.71%) Management Information System
8 2 (1.71%) Self-Motivation
9 1 (0.85%) Data Centre
9 1 (0.85%) EMV
9 1 (0.85%) PMI
9 1 (0.85%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 21 (17.95%) Unix
2 19 (16.24%) Linux
3 14 (11.97%) zOS
4 12 (10.26%) Windows
5 5 (4.27%) Windows Server
6 2 (1.71%) Windows Server 2003
6 2 (1.71%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.85%) AIX
7 1 (0.85%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 53 (45.30%) Agile Software Development
2 28 (23.93%) Problem-Solving
3 26 (22.22%) Waterfall
4 24 (20.51%) Unit Testing
5 23 (19.66%) SDLC
6 21 (17.95%) TDD
7 18 (15.38%) Scrum
8 17 (14.53%) Test Automation
9 15 (12.82%) Software Engineering
10 13 (11.11%) Regression Testing
11 11 (9.40%) Functional Testing
11 11 (9.40%) Integration Testing
11 11 (9.40%) RAD
11 11 (9.40%) System Integration Testing
12 10 (8.55%) Manual Testing
13 9 (7.69%) Analytical Thinking
13 9 (7.69%) Performance Testing
14 8 (6.84%) Compatibility Testing
14 8 (6.84%) Pair Programming
14 8 (6.84%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 32 (27.35%) Java
2 27 (23.08%) SQL
3 21 (17.95%) JCL
4 20 (17.09%) Perl
5 19 (16.24%) C
6 18 (15.38%) C#
7 16 (13.68%) C++
8 15 (12.82%) VB
9 14 (11.97%) JavaScript
10 11 (9.40%) Delphi
10 11 (9.40%) REXX
11 9 (7.69%) PL/1
12 8 (6.84%) Assembly Language
13 7 (5.98%) PL/SQL
14 5 (4.27%) Python
14 5 (4.27%) VB.NET
15 4 (3.42%) Bash Shell
15 4 (3.42%) SELCOPY
15 4 (3.42%) VBScript
16 3 (2.56%) Fortran
Qualifications
1 15 (12.82%) Degree
2 9 (7.69%) Master's Degree
3 8 (6.84%) Computer Science Degree
3 8 (6.84%) ISTQB
3 8 (6.84%) Security Cleared
4 7 (5.98%) ISEB
5 6 (5.13%) SC Cleared
6 5 (4.27%) PMI Certification
7 4 (3.42%) CTC Cleared
7 4 (3.42%) PMP
8 1 (0.85%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.85%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 1 (0.85%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (19.66%) QA
2 1 (0.85%) PMO
2 1 (0.85%) SLA
System Software
1 7 (5.98%) Time Sharing Option
2 4 (3.42%) ACF2
2 4 (3.42%) RACF
3 2 (1.71%) Docker
Systems Management
1 12 (10.26%) HP ALM
2 5 (4.27%) CA Endevor
3 3 (2.56%) HP Quality Center
4 2 (1.71%) TIBCO Hawk
4 2 (1.71%) Tivoli
5 1 (0.85%) Control-M
5 1 (0.85%) Kubernetes
5 1 (0.85%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.85%) Puppet
Vendors
1 45 (38.46%) IBM
2 15 (12.82%) HP
3 11 (9.40%) Oracle
4 8 (6.84%) Microsoft
5 5 (4.27%) Syncsort
6 4 (3.42%) CA
6 4 (3.42%) Remedy
7 3 (2.56%) Unisys
8 2 (1.71%) Chordiant
8 2 (1.71%) Cognizant
8 2 (1.71%) Micro Focus
8 2 (1.71%) TIBCO
9 1 (0.85%) Ab Initio
9 1 (0.85%) Google
9 1 (0.85%) Informatica
9 1 (0.85%) PeopleSoft
9 1 (0.85%) Perforce
9 1 (0.85%) Salesforce.com
9 1 (0.85%) SAP
9 1 (0.85%) Talend