Period
to 6 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 6 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

COBOL
UK
6 months to
6 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 849 1014 1057
Rank change year-on-year +165 +43 -3
Permanent jobs citing COBOL 130 112 145
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.11% 0.075% 0.082%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.20% 0.14% 0.15%
Number of salaries quoted 113 88 117
Median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +11.11% -14.29%
10th Percentile £41,450 £31,675 £36,250
90th Percentile £72,500 £92,875 £79,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -14.29%

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 63,667 81,568 99,401
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.43% 54.65% 56.00%
Number of salaries quoted 52,512 67,111 83,760
Median annual salary £54,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.81% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,500 £45,000 £43,750
% change year-on-year +1.11% +2.86% +2.94%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing COBOL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing COBOL.

Salary trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing COBOL over the 6 months to 6 April 2020.

Salary histogram for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Top 12 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 6 months to 6 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +178 130 £50,000 - 12
UK excluding London +120 114 £52,500 +5.00% 12
South East +77 53 £52,500 +5.00% 2
North of England +95 49 £46,000 +24.32% 7
Yorkshire +61 28 £46,000 +24.32% 1
North West +58 20 £57,500 +22.34% 3
London +107 16 £50,000 -42.86% 2
East of England +53 8 £46,500 -13.89%
Midlands +47 4 £46,000 +8.24% 1
East Midlands +28 4 £46,000 +8.24%
Work from Home +7 1 - - 1
North East -8 1 - - 3

For the 6 months to 6 April 2020, IT jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 92 (70.77%) Mainframe
2 81 (62.31%) Java
3 70 (53.85%) DB2
4 54 (41.54%) SQL
5 48 (36.92%) CICS
6 38 (29.23%) Software Engineering
7 37 (28.46%) IBM
8 35 (26.92%) Test Automation
8 35 (26.92%) Analytical Skills
9 34 (26.15%) Agile Software Development
9 34 (26.15%) Scrum
10 33 (25.38%) JCL
10 33 (25.38%) C
11 32 (24.62%) JIRA
12 29 (22.31%) DevOps
12 29 (22.31%) Linux
13 28 (21.54%) Finance
13 28 (21.54%) C#
13 28 (21.54%) Oracle
14 27 (20.77%) REXX
14 27 (20.77%) Jenkins
15 26 (20.00%) Python
16 24 (18.46%) Retail
17 23 (17.69%) Unit Testing
18 22 (16.92%) Selenium
19 21 (16.15%) Continuous Improvement
20 20 (15.38%) Test Scripting
20 20 (15.38%) C++
20 20 (15.38%) Microsoft
21 19 (14.62%) Assembly Language

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (36.92%) CICS
2 18 (13.85%) WebSphere
3 12 (9.23%) Confluence
4 5 (3.85%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 4 (3.08%) MQSeries
6 1 (0.77%) SAS
6 1 (0.77%) Skype for Business
6 1 (0.77%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 5 (3.85%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 14 (10.77%) Azure
2 11 (8.46%) AWS
3 5 (3.85%) BlazeMeter
3 5 (3.85%) Sauce Labs
4 3 (2.31%) GCP
5 1 (0.77%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 3 (2.31%) CTI
2 2 (1.54%) ATM
2 2 (1.54%) SAN
2 2 (1.54%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.77%) Intranet
3 1 (0.77%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (53.85%) DB2
2 16 (12.31%) Relational Database
3 6 (4.62%) SQL Server
4 3 (2.31%) NoSQL
4 3 (2.31%) Oracle Database
5 1 (0.77%) Crystal Reports
5 1 (0.77%) PostgreSQL
5 1 (0.77%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 32 (24.62%) JIRA
2 27 (20.77%) Jenkins
3 22 (16.92%) Selenium
4 17 (13.08%) Git (software)
5 16 (12.31%) Team Foundation Server
6 14 (10.77%) JMeter
7 13 (10.00%) HP UFT
8 12 (9.23%) JUnit
8 12 (9.23%) LoadRunner
9 7 (5.38%) IBM UrbanCode
9 7 (5.38%) WebDriver
10 5 (3.85%) Appium
10 5 (3.85%) Cucumber
11 4 (3.08%) JIRA Agile
12 3 (2.31%) Visual Studio
13 2 (1.54%) Eclipse
14 1 (0.77%) InstallShield
14 1 (0.77%) MSI
General
1 28 (21.54%) Finance
2 24 (18.46%) Retail
3 11 (8.46%) Banking
3 11 (8.46%) Manufacturing
4 3 (2.31%) Retail Finance
5 2 (1.54%) Marketing
5 2 (1.54%) Music Industry
6 1 (0.77%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 54 (41.54%) Developer
2 35 (26.92%) COBOL Developer
3 29 (22.31%) Analyst
3 29 (22.31%) COBOL Programmer
3 29 (22.31%) Programmer
4 23 (17.69%) Analyst Programmer
4 23 (17.69%) COBOL Analyst
4 23 (17.69%) COBOL Analyst Programmer
5 17 (13.08%) Java Analyst Programmer
5 17 (13.08%) Java Programmer
6 12 (9.23%) Software Engineer
6 12 (9.23%) Supply Chain Analyst
6 12 (9.23%) Supply Chain Analyst Programmer
7 11 (8.46%) Mainframe Developer
8 9 (6.92%) DB2 Programmer
8 9 (6.92%) Financial Analyst
9 8 (6.15%) Linux Engineer
10 6 (4.62%) Automation Test Analyst
10 6 (4.62%) Mainframe Test Analyst
10 6 (4.62%) QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19 (14.62%) .NET
2 14 (10.77%) REST
2 14 (10.77%) WebSphere MQ
3 4 (3.08%) CSS
3 4 (3.08%) Hibernate
3 4 (3.08%) HTML
3 4 (3.08%) HTML5
3 4 (3.08%) Java EE
3 4 (3.08%) Middleware
3 4 (3.08%) Play Framework
3 4 (3.08%) Spring
4 3 (2.31%) Web Services
5 2 (1.54%) Node.js
6 1 (0.77%) ASP.NET
6 1 (0.77%) ASP.NET Core
6 1 (0.77%) ASP.NET Web API
6 1 (0.77%) EDI
6 1 (0.77%) Kafka
6 1 (0.77%) LDAP
6 1 (0.77%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 92 (70.77%) Mainframe
2 35 (26.92%) Analytical Skills
3 17 (13.08%) IBM Mainframe
4 15 (11.54%) Linux Command Line
5 14 (10.77%) User Experience
6 9 (6.92%) Self-Motivation
7 4 (3.08%) VSAM
8 2 (1.54%) AS400
8 2 (1.54%) Enterprise Storage
8 2 (1.54%) iSeries
8 2 (1.54%) Mobile App
8 2 (1.54%) Replication
9 1 (0.77%) LPAR
Operating Systems
1 29 (22.31%) Linux
2 15 (11.54%) Unix
3 12 (9.23%) Windows
4 10 (7.69%) zOS
5 5 (3.85%) Android
5 5 (3.85%) Apple iOS
5 5 (3.85%) MVS
6 3 (2.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (1.54%) HPUX
7 2 (1.54%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 38 (29.23%) Software Engineering
2 35 (26.92%) Test Automation
3 34 (26.15%) Agile Software Development
3 34 (26.15%) Scrum
4 29 (22.31%) DevOps
5 23 (17.69%) Unit Testing
6 21 (16.15%) Continuous Improvement
7 20 (15.38%) Test Scripting
8 18 (13.85%) Problem-Solving
9 14 (10.77%) Continuous Delivery
9 14 (10.77%) Epics
9 14 (10.77%) PRINCE2
9 14 (10.77%) Six Sigma
9 14 (10.77%) Task Automation
10 12 (9.23%) ITIL
11 11 (8.46%) Business Analysis
11 11 (8.46%) Test Strategy
12 8 (6.15%) Front End Development
12 8 (6.15%) SOA
13 7 (5.38%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 81 (62.31%) Java
2 54 (41.54%) SQL
3 33 (25.38%) C
3 33 (25.38%) JCL
4 28 (21.54%) C#
5 27 (20.77%) REXX
6 26 (20.00%) Python
7 20 (15.38%) C++
8 19 (14.62%) Assembly Language
8 19 (14.62%) PL/1
9 17 (13.08%) JavaScript
10 16 (12.31%) PL/SQL
11 15 (11.54%) Bash Shell
12 14 (10.77%) Perl
12 14 (10.77%) VB
13 12 (9.23%) HLASM
14 7 (5.38%) Groovy
15 4 (3.08%) Scala
16 1 (0.77%) Shell Script
16 1 (0.77%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 19 (14.62%) ISTQB
2 14 (10.77%) ISEB
2 14 (10.77%) PMI Certification
2 14 (10.77%) PMP
3 7 (5.38%) Degree
4 4 (3.08%) MCP
4 4 (3.08%) Security Cleared
5 3 (2.31%) SC Cleared
6 2 (1.54%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
6 2 (1.54%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (12.31%) QA
System Software
1 15 (11.54%) RACF
2 14 (10.77%) ACF2
3 13 (10.00%) Docker
4 4 (3.08%) Time Sharing Option
5 1 (0.77%) Job Entry Subsystem
Systems Management
1 12 (9.23%) CA Service Virtualization
2 1 (0.77%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 37 (28.46%) IBM
2 28 (21.54%) Oracle
3 20 (15.38%) Microsoft
4 13 (10.00%) HP
5 12 (9.23%) CA
6 10 (7.69%) Micro Focus
7 5 (3.85%) Perfecto Mobile
8 4 (3.08%) Compuware
9 3 (2.31%) Google
9 3 (2.31%) Unisys
10 2 (1.54%) Red Hat