The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 3 months to 28 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

COBOL
UK
3 months to
28 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 786 762 732
Rank change year-on-year -24 -30  
Permanent jobs citing COBOL 72 192 248
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.084% 0.18% 0.23%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.15% 0.36% 0.45%
Number of salaries quoted 41 123 169
Median salary £53,500 £45,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +18.88% -10.00%  
90% offered a salary of more than £37,500 £35,000 £34,600
10% offered a salary of more than £67,500 £55,000 £61,215
UK excluding London median salary £52,500 £45,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +16.66% -10.00%  

COBOL is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills.

Programming Language Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 46571 53598 54648
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 54.65% 51.55% 50.57%
Number of salaries quoted 39619 46209 46462
Median salary £47,000 £45,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.29% +1.11%  
90% offered a salary of more than £30,500 £30,000 £30,000
10% offered a salary of more than £72,500 £67,500 £70,000
UK excluding London median salary £41,500 £41,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +1.21% +2.50%  

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing COBOL as a proportion of all permanent or contract IT jobs with a match in the Programming Languages category.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing COBOL.

Salary trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL over the 3 months to 28 March 2017.

Salary histogram for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Top 30 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 3 months to 28 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Last 3 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -16 68 £55,000 +22.22% 5
London +53 17 £58,500 +17.00%
East Midlands -18 15 £51,900 +40.27% 1
South East +8 14 £52,500 - 2
Nottinghamshire - 12 - -
West Midlands +47 9 £53,500 +42.66%
North West -18 9 £57,500 +35.29%
Manchester -22 5 £57,500 +35.29%
Buckinghamshire - 5 £65,000 - 2
Surrey +55 4 £52,500 -12.50%
Shropshire - 4 £53,500 -
Nottingham - 4 - -
Telford - 4 £53,500 -
Berkshire +27 3 £52,500 -
Yorkshire +13 3 £34,500 +7.81% 1
Cheshire +6 3 £45,000 +38.46%
Staffordshire - 3 - -
Stafford - 3 - -
High Wycombe - 3 £65,000 -
Knutsford - 3 £45,000 -
Scotland +25 2 £42,000 -
West Yorkshire +20 2 £34,500 - 1
Glasgow +19 2 £42,000 -
West Sussex -8 2 £40,000 -27.27%
Leicestershire -24 2 - - 1
Douglas - 2 £46,500 -
Paddington - 2 - -
Bracknell - 2 £52,500 -
Milton Keynes - 2 - - 2
Camberley - 2 £35,000 -

For the 6 months to 28 March 2017, IT jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 73 (51.77%) Mainframe
2 68 (48.23%) DB2
3 66 (46.81%) SQL
4 59 (41.84%) Java
5 56 (39.72%) IBM
6 52 (36.88%) CICS
7 49 (34.75%) JCL
8 40 (28.37%) Unix
9 38 (26.95%) Degree
10 37 (26.24%) Oracle
11 34 (24.11%) Finance
12 31 (21.99%) Agile Software Development
12 31 (21.99%) Migration
12 31 (21.99%) Windows
13 25 (17.73%) Linux
13 25 (17.73%) Waterfall
14 24 (17.02%) Microsoft
14 24 (17.02%) Data Analysis
15 23 (16.31%) JavaScript
16 22 (15.60%) UML
17 21 (14.89%) .NET
17 21 (14.89%) Analytical Skills
18 19 (13.48%) C++
19 18 (12.77%) HTML
20 17 (12.06%) SDLC
20 17 (12.06%) Tivoli
21 16 (11.35%) Web Services
21 16 (11.35%) IBM Mainframe
22 15 (10.64%) XML
22 15 (10.64%) C

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (36.88%) CICS
2 9 (6.38%) WebSphere
3 7 (4.96%) JBoss
3 7 (4.96%) WebLogic
4 6 (4.26%) WebSphere Application Server
5 4 (2.84%) Tuxedo
6 1 (0.71%) MQSeries
Applications
1 7 (4.96%) MS Office
2 2 (1.42%) MS PowerPoint
2 2 (1.42%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.71%) MS Excel
3 1 (0.71%) MS Project
Business Applications
1 5 (3.55%) BASE24
1 5 (3.55%) SAP IS-U
1 5 (3.55%) thinkFolio
2 4 (2.84%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (1.42%) Dynamics NAV
3 2 (1.42%) SAP Oil and Gas
Communications & Networking
1 6 (4.26%) LAN
1 6 (4.26%) WAN
2 3 (2.13%) FTP
3 2 (1.42%) ATM
3 2 (1.42%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.71%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 68 (48.23%) DB2
2 13 (9.22%) Oracle Database
3 11 (7.80%) Relational Database
4 9 (6.38%) SQL Server
5 6 (4.26%) Adabas
5 6 (4.26%) Oracle Reports
6 5 (3.55%) IMS/DB
6 5 (3.55%) NonStop SQL
6 5 (3.55%) RDBMS
7 3 (2.13%) Easytrieve
8 2 (1.42%) Big Data
8 2 (1.42%) Data Warehouse
8 2 (1.42%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 2 (1.42%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 1 (0.71%) DataStage
Development Applications
1 6 (4.26%) Ant
1 6 (4.26%) Maven
1 6 (4.26%) Oracle Forms
2 5 (3.55%) Eclipse
2 5 (3.55%) LSMW
3 4 (2.84%) Team Foundation Server
4 2 (1.42%) ClearCase
5 1 (0.71%) ChangeMan
5 1 (0.71%) Subversion
5 1 (0.71%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 34 (24.11%) Finance
2 15 (10.64%) Retail
3 12 (8.51%) Banking
4 8 (5.67%) Financial Institution
5 7 (4.96%) Corporate Banking
6 5 (3.55%) Marketing
7 4 (2.84%) Back Office
8 3 (2.13%) Pharmaceutical
9 2 (1.42%) Electronics
9 2 (1.42%) Manufacturing
9 2 (1.42%) Spanish Language
9 2 (1.42%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.71%) French Language
10 1 (0.71%) German Language
Job Titles
1 50 (35.46%) Analyst
2 41 (29.08%) Developer
3 34 (24.11%) COBOL Analyst
4 31 (21.99%) Programmer
5 29 (20.57%) Analyst Programmer
6 27 (19.15%) COBOL Analyst Programmer
6 27 (19.15%) COBOL Programmer
7 21 (14.89%) DB2 Programmer
8 20 (14.18%) CICS Analyst
9 18 (12.77%) CICS Programmer
10 13 (9.22%) Lead Developer
11 12 (8.51%) COBOL Developer
12 10 (7.09%) Designer
12 10 (7.09%) Mainframe Analyst
13 9 (6.38%) Mainframe Programmer
13 9 (6.38%) Technical Analyst
14 8 (5.67%) Business Analyst
14 8 (5.67%) Software Developer
15 7 (4.96%) .NET Developer
15 7 (4.96%) Systems Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (14.89%) .NET
2 18 (12.77%) HTML
3 16 (11.35%) Web Services
4 15 (10.64%) XML
5 14 (9.93%) CSS
5 14 (9.93%) XSLT
6 12 (8.51%) XSD
7 6 (4.26%) .NET Framework
8 5 (3.55%) BAPI
8 5 (3.55%) SAP Smart Forms
8 5 (3.55%) SAPUI5
8 5 (3.55%) Web Dynpro
9 4 (2.84%) TIBCO EMS
10 3 (2.13%) EJB
10 3 (2.13%) Hibernate
10 3 (2.13%) ISPF
10 3 (2.13%) Struts
11 2 (1.42%) ASP.NET
11 2 (1.42%) JMS
11 2 (1.42%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 73 (51.77%) Mainframe
2 21 (14.89%) Analytical Skills
3 16 (11.35%) IBM Mainframe
4 8 (5.67%) VSAM
5 7 (4.96%) AS400
5 7 (4.96%) Derivative
5 7 (4.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 6 (4.26%) Enterprise Software
7 5 (3.55%) APACS
7 5 (3.55%) Tandem
8 3 (2.13%) Driving Licence
8 3 (2.13%) iSeries
8 3 (2.13%) Management Information System
9 2 (1.42%) FMCG
9 2 (1.42%) NHS
9 2 (1.42%) PMI
10 1 (0.71%) Computer Science
10 1 (0.71%) N-Tier
10 1 (0.71%) Online Banking
10 1 (0.71%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 40 (28.37%) Unix
2 31 (21.99%) Windows
3 25 (17.73%) Linux
4 10 (7.09%) MVS
5 8 (5.67%) zOS
6 6 (4.26%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.71%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 31 (21.99%) Agile Software Development
1 31 (21.99%) Migration
2 25 (17.73%) Waterfall
3 24 (17.02%) Data Analysis
4 22 (15.60%) UML
5 17 (12.06%) SDLC
6 14 (9.93%) OO
7 12 (8.51%) Business Analysis
8 11 (7.80%) Customer Requirements
8 11 (7.80%) ETL
8 11 (7.80%) Release Management
8 11 (7.80%) Translating Business Requirements
8 11 (7.80%) Workflow
9 10 (7.09%) Project Management
10 9 (6.38%) PRINCE2
10 9 (6.38%) Scrum
11 8 (5.67%) Logistics
12 7 (4.96%) Risk Management
13 6 (4.26%) Business Process Modelling
14 5 (3.55%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 66 (46.81%) SQL
2 59 (41.84%) Java
3 49 (34.75%) JCL
4 23 (16.31%) JavaScript
5 19 (13.48%) C++
6 15 (10.64%) C
7 13 (9.22%) Assembly Language
8 11 (7.80%) R
9 10 (7.09%) Shell Script
10 8 (5.67%) PL/SQL
10 8 (5.67%) PowerShell
10 8 (5.67%) Python
11 7 (4.96%) C#
12 6 (4.26%) BeanShell
12 6 (4.26%) Perl
12 6 (4.26%) REXX
13 5 (3.55%) ABAP
13 5 (3.55%) SAPscript
14 4 (2.84%) Delphi
14 4 (2.84%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 38 (26.95%) Degree
2 8 (5.67%) PMI Certification
3 6 (4.26%) PMP
4 1 (0.71%) ITIL Certification
4 1 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
4 1 (0.71%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (4.96%) FATCA
1 7 (4.96%) MiFID
2 3 (2.13%) SLA
System Software
1 6 (4.26%) Active Directory
2 5 (3.55%) Job Entry Subsystem
2 5 (3.55%) VMware Infrastructure
3 3 (2.13%) Time Sharing Option
4 2 (1.42%) RACF
Systems Management
1 17 (12.06%) Tivoli
2 2 (1.42%) CA Endevor
2 2 (1.42%) OMEGAMON
3 1 (0.71%) Opscode Chef
3 1 (0.71%) Puppet
3 1 (0.71%) Tivoli NetView
Vendors
1 56 (39.72%) IBM
2 37 (26.24%) Oracle
3 24 (17.02%) Microsoft
4 11 (7.80%) SAP
5 7 (4.96%) Pega
6 6 (4.26%) HP
6 6 (4.26%) VMware
7 5 (3.55%) Micro Focus
8 4 (2.84%) TIBCO
9 3 (2.13%) CA
9 3 (2.13%) TOWER Software
10 2 (1.42%) Cognizant
10 2 (1.42%) JDA
10 2 (1.42%) Sybase
10 2 (1.42%) Teradata
11 1 (0.71%) Chordiant
11 1 (0.71%) JD Edwards
11 1 (0.71%) ServiceNow
11 1 (0.71%) Sun
11 1 (0.71%) Syncsort
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