Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 219 175 190
Rank change year-on-year -44 +15 -7
Permanent jobs citing CSS3 3,221 2,132 1,436
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.77% 1.98% 1.82%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.36% 4.86% 4.61%
Number of salaries quoted 975 1,354 1,224
10th Percentile £35,000 £31,250 £33,750
25th Percentile £45,000 £37,750 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - +10.53%
75th Percentile £85,000 £67,500 £70,688
90th Percentile £95,000 £82,500 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +16.67% - +5.88%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 73,940 43,862 31,139
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.69% 40.69% 39.42%
Number of salaries quoted 30,488 30,153 25,926
10th Percentile £37,885 £35,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £47,500 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.04% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £76,250 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS3.

Salary trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Salary histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -48 2,647 £60,000 +14.29% 223
UK excluding London -30 1,514 £52,500 +16.67% 144
London -56 1,292 £75,000 +15.38% 86
Work from Home -105 1,128 £60,000 +23.71% 135
South East -6 456 £55,000 +10.00% 33
North of England -12 417 £40,750 +1.88% 44
Midlands -11 244 £51,250 +12.64% 23
North West -65 180 £50,000 +25.00% 14
Yorkshire +2 168 £41,500 -2.35% 26
East Midlands +28 137 £55,000 +37.50% 8
Scotland -12 129 £50,000 +5.26% 7
East of England -64 108 £60,000 +23.08% 15
South West -77 108 £85,000 +93.18% 18
West Midlands -59 107 £50,000 +9.89% 15
North East +26 69 £32,500 -7.14% 4
Wales -31 49 £50,000 +31.58% 4
Northern Ireland -3 28 - -

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 3,221 (100.00%) CSS
2 3,165 (98.26%) HTML
3 3,075 (95.47%) HTML5
4 2,770 (86.00%) JavaScript
5 1,693 (52.56%) Agile
6 1,574 (48.87%) React
7 1,338 (41.54%) C#
8 1,181 (36.67%) AngularJS
9 1,139 (35.36%) Java
10 1,022 (31.73%) Python
11 1,015 (31.51%) Git (software)
12 956 (29.68%) User Experience
13 940 (29.18%) Software Engineering
14 873 (27.10%) AWS
15 870 (27.01%) TypeScript
16 853 (26.48%) Node.js
17 844 (26.20%) OO
18 836 (25.95%) DevOps
19 816 (25.33%) TDD
20 797 (24.74%) Full Stack Development
21 795 (24.68%) Microsoft
22 792 (24.59%) Continuous Integration
23 775 (24.06%) Data Structures
24 727 (22.57%) OOP
25 724 (22.48%) Front End Development
26 711 (22.07%) CI/CD
27 703 (21.83%) Sass
28 669 (20.77%) .NET
29 668 (20.74%) Degree
30 609 (18.91%) Oracle

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 153 (4.75%) CMS
2 131 (4.07%) Apache
3 100 (3.10%) WordPress
4 93 (2.89%) Confluence
5 78 (2.42%) Drupal
6 50 (1.55%) IIS
7 49 (1.52%) nginx
8 24 (0.75%) Umbraco
9 23 (0.71%) WebLogic
10 20 (0.62%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 19 (0.59%) Headless CMS
11 19 (0.59%) SharePoint
12 16 (0.50%) Sitecore CMS
13 11 (0.34%) EPiServer
14 8 (0.25%) Kentico
14 8 (0.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 7 (0.22%) Tomcat
16 5 (0.16%) Jetty
16 5 (0.16%) Mendix
17 4 (0.12%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 132 (4.10%) Sketch
2 97 (3.01%) Photoshop
3 68 (2.11%) Adobe XD
4 50 (1.55%) InVision
5 34 (1.06%) OmniGraffle
6 29 (0.90%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 29 (0.90%) Adobe Illustrator
7 8 (0.25%) UXPin
8 7 (0.22%) Zeplin
9 6 (0.19%) Chatbot
10 5 (0.16%) InDesign
11 4 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
11 4 (0.12%) MS Visio
12 3 (0.093%) GIMP
13 2 (0.062%) Microsoft Excel
13 2 (0.062%) Pixelmator
Business Applications
1 47 (1.46%) Shopify
2 24 (0.75%) WebTrends
3 4 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.12%) NetSuite
4 3 (0.093%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.062%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.031%) Magento
6 1 (0.031%) nopCommerce
6 1 (0.031%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 873 (27.10%) AWS
2 481 (14.93%) Azure
3 429 (13.32%) Serverless
4 376 (11.67%) GCP
5 241 (7.48%) SaaS
6 217 (6.74%) npm
7 171 (5.31%) Figma
8 138 (4.28%) GitHub
9 112 (3.48%) AWS Lambda
10 105 (3.26%) Amazon S3
11 101 (3.14%) Azure DevOps
12 66 (2.05%) Amazon EC2
13 46 (1.43%) Power Platform
14 44 (1.37%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 43 (1.33%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 43 (1.33%) Amazon SQS
16 37 (1.15%) BrowserStack
17 36 (1.12%) Cloud Computing
18 35 (1.09%) CloudFront
18 35 (1.09%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 101 (3.14%) HTTP
2 66 (2.05%) Internet
3 27 (0.84%) VoIP
4 26 (0.81%) DNS
5 21 (0.65%) SNA
6 19 (0.59%) Network Security
7 11 (0.34%) Intranet
8 8 (0.25%) DHCP
8 8 (0.25%) Ethernet
8 8 (0.25%) Firewall
8 8 (0.25%) HTTPS
8 8 (0.25%) MQTT
8 8 (0.25%) TCP/IP
9 6 (0.19%) Wireless
10 5 (0.16%) 5G
10 5 (0.16%) SMS
11 2 (0.062%) Broadband
11 2 (0.062%) SSL
12 1 (0.031%) Extranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 402 (12.48%) MySQL
2 289 (8.97%) SQL Server
3 248 (7.70%) Relational Database
4 241 (7.48%) Redis
5 185 (5.74%) PostgreSQL
6 160 (4.97%) NoSQL
7 125 (3.88%) MongoDB
8 64 (1.99%) Amazon RDS
9 57 (1.77%) DynamoDB
10 55 (1.71%) RDBMS
11 47 (1.46%) Big Data
12 46 (1.43%) Amazon Aurora
13 31 (0.96%) Elasticsearch
13 31 (0.96%) Power BI
14 28 (0.87%) SSDT
15 18 (0.56%) MariaDB
16 13 (0.40%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 9 (0.28%) Azure SQL Database
17 9 (0.28%) Data Warehouse
18 6 (0.19%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,015 (31.51%) Git (software)
2 440 (13.66%) JIRA
3 408 (12.67%) Jenkins
4 354 (10.99%) webpack
5 148 (4.59%) Jasmine
6 141 (4.38%) Babel
7 138 (4.28%) Selenium
8 133 (4.13%) Mocha
9 100 (3.10%) gulp
10 99 (3.07%) Cypress.io
11 92 (2.86%) Visual Studio
12 83 (2.58%) Bitbucket
13 81 (2.51%) Grunt
14 68 (2.11%) Subversion
15 65 (2.02%) TeamCity
16 62 (1.92%) Octopus Deploy
17 59 (1.83%) GitLab
18 58 (1.80%) JUnit
19 53 (1.65%) Karma Test Runner
20 51 (1.58%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 536 (16.64%) Social Skills
2 456 (14.16%) Finance
3 215 (6.67%) Marketing
4 199 (6.18%) Retail
5 161 (5.00%) Games
6 152 (4.72%) Public Sector
7 134 (4.16%) Banking
8 118 (3.66%) Analytical Skills
9 108 (3.35%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 90 (2.79%) Publishing
11 61 (1.89%) Manufacturing
12 60 (1.86%) Legal
13 53 (1.65%) Local Government
14 52 (1.61%) Back Office
15 49 (1.52%) Pharmaceutical
16 44 (1.37%) Financial Institution
17 38 (1.18%) Advertising
18 35 (1.09%) Presentation Skills
19 31 (0.96%) Organisational Skills
20 28 (0.87%) Law
Job Titles
1 2,225 (69.08%) Developer
2 690 (21.42%) Software Developer
3 610 (18.94%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 540 (16.76%) Trainee
4 540 (16.76%) Trainee Developer
4 540 (16.76%) Trainee Software Developer
5 470 (14.59%) Senior Developer
6 453 (14.06%) Software Engineer
7 262 (8.13%) Full Stack Developer
8 225 (6.99%) React Developer
9 224 (6.95%) Senior Front-End Developer
10 181 (5.62%) Principal Engineer
11 180 (5.59%) Web Developer
12 146 (4.53%) JavaScript Developer
13 132 (4.10%) .NET Developer
14 129 (4.00%) Angular Developer
14 129 (4.00%) Principal Software Engineer
15 125 (3.88%) Senior Software Engineer
16 123 (3.82%) Designer
17 88 (2.73%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,221 (100.00%) CSS
2 3,165 (98.26%) HTML
3 3,075 (95.47%) HTML5
4 1,574 (48.87%) React
5 1,181 (36.67%) AngularJS
6 853 (26.48%) Node.js
7 703 (21.83%) Sass
8 669 (20.77%) .NET
9 604 (18.75%) Vue.js
10 540 (16.76%) Java SE
11 536 (16.64%) REST
12 393 (12.20%) jQuery
13 385 (11.95%) Redux
14 356 (11.05%) Jest
15 354 (10.99%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 344 (10.68%) RESTful
17 334 (10.37%) Web Services
18 328 (10.18%) ASP.NET
19 299 (9.28%) GraphQL
20 272 (8.44%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 956 (29.68%) User Experience
2 775 (24.06%) Data Structures
3 228 (7.08%) Algorithms
4 141 (4.38%) Self-Motivation
5 135 (4.19%) Mobile App
6 93 (2.89%) Greenfield Project
7 92 (2.86%) Enterprise Software
8 83 (2.58%) Hackathon
9 70 (2.17%) Linux Command Line
9 70 (2.17%) W3C
10 66 (2.05%) Social Media
11 65 (2.02%) Cloud Native
11 65 (2.02%) PMI
12 64 (1.99%) Social Network
13 53 (1.65%) Virtual Team
14 46 (1.43%) Blog
15 41 (1.27%) Wiki
16 39 (1.21%) Online Banking
17 35 (1.09%) Sports Betting
18 33 (1.02%) Animation
Operating Systems
1 288 (8.94%) Linux
2 82 (2.55%) Ubuntu
3 68 (2.11%) Android
4 50 (1.55%) Apple iOS
5 44 (1.37%) Windows
6 36 (1.12%) Unix
7 21 (0.65%) Debian
8 8 (0.25%) CentOS
8 8 (0.25%) Scientific Linux
9 7 (0.22%) Windows Server
10 2 (0.062%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.031%) VMS
11 1 (0.031%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,693 (52.56%) Agile
2 940 (29.18%) Software Engineering
3 844 (26.20%) OO
4 836 (25.95%) DevOps
5 816 (25.33%) TDD
6 797 (24.74%) Full Stack Development
7 792 (24.59%) Continuous Integration
8 727 (22.57%) OOP
9 724 (22.48%) Front End Development
10 711 (22.07%) CI/CD
11 580 (18.01%) Functional Programming
12 558 (17.32%) UX Design
13 538 (16.70%) Computer Science
14 486 (15.09%) Scrum
15 459 (14.25%) Test Automation
16 447 (13.88%) Web Development
17 429 (13.32%) Problem-Solving
18 413 (12.82%) Mentoring
19 400 (12.42%) Workflow
20 396 (12.29%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 2,770 (86.00%) JavaScript
2 1,338 (41.54%) C#
3 1,139 (35.36%) Java
4 1,022 (31.73%) Python
5 870 (27.01%) TypeScript
6 483 (15.00%) SQL
7 459 (14.25%) ES6
8 329 (10.21%) PHP
9 252 (7.82%) C
10 234 (7.26%) Objective-C
11 218 (6.77%) C++
12 87 (2.70%) T-SQL
13 65 (2.02%) ES7
14 60 (1.86%) VB.NET
15 55 (1.71%) Scala
16 42 (1.30%) Go
16 42 (1.30%) Ruby
17 41 (1.27%) PowerShell
18 26 (0.81%) Perl
19 24 (0.75%) Bash
Qualifications
1 668 (20.74%) Degree
2 540 (16.76%) CIW
2 540 (16.76%) OCA
2 540 (16.76%) OCP
2 540 (16.76%) Oracle Certification
3 367 (11.39%) Computer Science Degree
4 90 (2.79%) Master's Degree
5 65 (2.02%) PMI Certification
6 56 (1.74%) Security Cleared
7 52 (1.61%) Microsoft Certification
8 20 (0.62%) AWS Certification
9 9 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
10 8 (0.25%) DBS Check
11 6 (0.19%) HND
11 6 (0.19%) Postgraduate
12 2 (0.062%) DV Cleared
12 2 (0.062%) SC Cleared
13 1 (0.031%) PhD
13 1 (0.031%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 530 (16.45%) Accessibility
2 239 (7.42%) QA
3 61 (1.89%) WCAG
4 54 (1.68%) Data Quality
5 33 (1.02%) WAI
6 18 (0.56%) GDPR
7 17 (0.53%) GRC
8 10 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 9 (0.28%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.031%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 445 (13.82%) Docker
2 8 (0.25%) iptables
2 8 (0.25%) Lustre
2 8 (0.25%) Slurm Workload Manager
3 7 (0.22%) VirtualBox
4 2 (0.062%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.062%) Varnish
5 1 (0.031%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 232 (7.20%) Kubernetes
2 56 (1.74%) Terraform
3 42 (1.30%) Prometheus
4 29 (0.90%) Ansible
5 24 (0.75%) Bugsnag
6 21 (0.65%) Hadoop YARN
7 19 (0.59%) Panaseer
8 17 (0.53%) Docker Swarm
8 17 (0.53%) SCCM
9 13 (0.40%) Puppet
9 13 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
10 11 (0.34%) MIIS
11 8 (0.25%) Opscode Chef
11 8 (0.25%) Rancher
12 5 (0.16%) LiteSpeed
13 1 (0.031%) cPanel
13 1 (0.031%) Kibana
13 1 (0.031%) Plesk
Vendors
1 795 (24.68%) Microsoft
2 609 (18.91%) Oracle
3 182 (5.65%) Adobe
4 127 (3.94%) Google
5 79 (2.45%) Zend
6 37 (1.15%) Xamarin
7 31 (0.96%) Apple
7 31 (0.96%) Salesforce.com
8 29 (0.90%) LexisNexis
9 28 (0.87%) Sitecore
10 23 (0.71%) Civica
11 21 (0.65%) Cisco
11 21 (0.65%) Snapchat
12 20 (0.62%) YouTube
13 19 (0.59%) Monzo
14 13 (0.40%) Hitachi
15 8 (0.25%) Autodesk
15 8 (0.25%) Red Hat
16 6 (0.19%) Sun
17 5 (0.16%) Atlassian