Period
to 17 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 17 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 121 102 81
Rank change year-on-year -19 -21 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS3 4,473 5,445 6,582
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.72% 3.11% 3.43%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.81% 7.74% 8.79%
Number of salaries quoted 3,799 4,858 5,942
UK median annual salary £49,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.89% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £76,250 £71,250 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £38,500
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.90% +2.67%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 65,720 70,346 74,850
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.96% 40.17% 39.01%
Number of salaries quoted 54,337 58,196 64,845
UK median annual salary £50,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS3.

Salary trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -17 4,202 £50,000 +11.11% 923
UK excluding London -30 2,496 £42,500 +6.25% 668
London -12 1,870 £60,000 +4.35% 294
South East +15 909 £45,000 +5.88% 163
North of England -31 622 £42,500 +6.25% 185
North West -27 367 £47,500 +18.75% 114
Midlands -46 345 £40,000 +6.67% 134
South West +2 241 £42,500 +6.25% 80
East of England -57 205 £42,500 - 68
Yorkshire -20 202 £37,500 - 54
West Midlands -32 197 £40,000 +14.29% 65
East Midlands -48 148 £40,000 - 69
Scotland -45 123 £45,830 +14.58% 27
North East +14 53 £42,500 +13.33% 17
Wales -17 45 £42,500 +16.44% 7
Northern Ireland +8 4 £52,500 +35.48% 5

For the 6 months to 17 October 2018, IT jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 4,472 (99.98%) CSS
2 4,357 (97.41%) HTML
3 4,130 (92.33%) HTML5
4 3,929 (87.84%) JavaScript
5 2,295 (51.31%) AngularJS
6 2,215 (49.52%) Agile Software Development
7 1,611 (36.02%) jQuery
8 1,583 (35.39%) Front End Development
9 1,431 (31.99%) MVC
10 1,417 (31.68%) .NET
11 1,405 (31.41%) Git (software)
12 1,367 (30.56%) React
13 1,354 (30.27%) C#
14 1,135 (25.37%) Web Development
15 1,074 (24.01%) Sass
16 1,035 (23.14%) ASP.NET
17 1,000 (22.36%) SQL
18 943 (21.08%) TDD
19 940 (21.01%) User Experience
20 936 (20.93%) Node.js
21 933 (20.86%) Scrum
22 931 (20.81%) Twitter Bootstrap
23 905 (20.23%) SQL Server
24 832 (18.60%) PHP
25 783 (17.51%) Java
26 694 (15.52%) Finance
27 685 (15.31%) Software Engineering
28 684 (15.29%) RESTful
29 667 (14.91%) ASP.NET MVC
30 640 (14.31%) MySQL

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 411 (9.19%) CMS
2 246 (5.50%) WordPress
3 157 (3.51%) Elasticsearch
4 151 (3.38%) EPiServer
5 133 (2.97%) Drupal
6 112 (2.50%) Umbraco
7 102 (2.28%) Confluence
8 96 (2.15%) Apache
9 95 (2.12%) Tomcat
10 82 (1.83%) Sitecore CMS
11 69 (1.54%) SharePoint
12 51 (1.14%) nginx
13 50 (1.12%) IIS
14 38 (0.85%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 37 (0.83%) Apache Spark
16 36 (0.80%) Cloud Foundry
17 24 (0.54%) WebSphere
18 21 (0.47%) Kentico
19 18 (0.40%) Apache Solr
20 17 (0.38%) Mule
Applications
1 240 (5.37%) Photoshop
2 126 (2.82%) Adobe Illustrator
3 50 (1.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 27 (0.60%) Chatbot
5 20 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
6 14 (0.31%) InVision
7 13 (0.29%) GIMP
8 11 (0.25%) InDesign
9 10 (0.22%) Fireworks
9 10 (0.22%) Microsoft Excel
10 8 (0.18%) Adobe After Effects
11 4 (0.089%) UXPin
12 3 (0.067%) Microsoft Project
12 3 (0.067%) Moqups
13 2 (0.045%) Blender
13 2 (0.045%) OmniGraffle
14 1 (0.022%) MS Visio
14 1 (0.022%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 66 (1.48%) Magento
2 47 (1.05%) Eloqua
3 32 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
4 29 (0.65%) Shopify
5 17 (0.38%) Payment Gateway
6 13 (0.29%) Actimize
7 12 (0.27%) WebTrends
8 7 (0.16%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 6 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
9 6 (0.13%) SDL Web 8
10 5 (0.11%) Odoo
11 2 (0.045%) PeopleSoft Financials
11 2 (0.045%) PeopleSoft HCM
11 2 (0.045%) R3 Corda
11 2 (0.045%) Visualfiles
12 1 (0.022%) Distributed Ledger
12 1 (0.022%) Dynamics AX
12 1 (0.022%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 612 (13.68%) Microsoft Azure
2 493 (11.02%) Amazon AWS
3 331 (7.40%) npm
4 186 (4.16%) GitHub
5 89 (1.99%) SaaS
6 44 (0.98%) Serverless
7 42 (0.94%) Google Cloud Platform
8 38 (0.85%) IaaS
9 31 (0.69%) Google Analytics
10 30 (0.67%) PaaS
10 30 (0.67%) Yarn
11 26 (0.58%) NuGet
11 26 (0.58%) Office 365
11 26 (0.58%) Slack
12 24 (0.54%) Amazon S3
13 20 (0.45%) Amazon EC2
14 19 (0.42%) OpenShift
15 18 (0.40%) AWS Lambda
16 17 (0.38%) Heroku
17 15 (0.34%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 90 (2.01%) HTTP
2 86 (1.92%) Internet
3 41 (0.92%) Intranet
4 21 (0.47%) SMS
5 14 (0.31%) DNS
5 14 (0.31%) SSL
6 12 (0.27%) VoIP
7 10 (0.22%) Skype
8 8 (0.18%) TCP/IP
9 7 (0.16%) Extranet
9 7 (0.16%) HTTPS
10 6 (0.13%) RIP
10 6 (0.13%) SSH
11 5 (0.11%) DAB
11 5 (0.11%) MQTT
12 3 (0.067%) Broadband
13 2 (0.045%) Firewall
13 2 (0.045%) FIX Connectivity
13 2 (0.045%) VPN
14 1 (0.022%) Hyperconnected
Database & Business Intelligence
1 905 (20.23%) SQL Server
2 640 (14.31%) MySQL
3 577 (12.90%) MongoDB
4 318 (7.11%) NoSQL
5 230 (5.14%) Relational Database
6 195 (4.36%) SQL Server 2016
7 173 (3.87%) RavenDB
8 164 (3.67%) PostgreSQL
9 89 (1.99%) Redis
10 67 (1.50%) Big Data
11 57 (1.27%) Couchbase
11 57 (1.27%) RDBMS
12 55 (1.23%) CouchDB
13 52 (1.16%) Blockchain
14 44 (0.98%) Apache Cassandra
15 43 (0.96%) SQL Server 2014
16 37 (0.83%) Hadoop
17 23 (0.51%) SQL Server 2008
18 22 (0.49%) SQL Server 2012
19 21 (0.47%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,405 (31.41%) Git (software)
2 487 (10.89%) gulp
3 401 (8.96%) webpack
4 321 (7.18%) JIRA
5 308 (6.89%) Team Foundation Server
6 307 (6.86%) Subversion
7 302 (6.75%) Visual Studio
8 293 (6.55%) Grunt
9 285 (6.37%) Jenkins
10 277 (6.19%) Selenium
11 200 (4.47%) Mocha
12 198 (4.43%) TeamCity
13 180 (4.02%) Jasmine
14 154 (3.44%) Protractor
15 152 (3.40%) Karma Test Runner
16 146 (3.26%) Octopus Deploy
17 143 (3.20%) Maven
18 120 (2.68%) Bower
19 108 (2.41%) Sinon.JS
20 90 (2.01%) JUnit
General
1 694 (15.52%) Finance
2 349 (7.80%) Marketing
3 246 (5.50%) Retail
4 202 (4.52%) Advertising
5 183 (4.09%) Banking
6 116 (2.59%) Games
7 64 (1.43%) Electronics
8 57 (1.27%) Telecoms
9 52 (1.16%) Manufacturing
10 47 (1.05%) Publishing
11 44 (0.98%) Investment Banking
12 35 (0.78%) Law
13 28 (0.63%) Financial Institution
14 24 (0.54%) Legal
15 19 (0.42%) Multimedia
16 14 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
17 13 (0.29%) Retail Banking
18 11 (0.25%) Automotive
19 10 (0.22%) Back Office
20 7 (0.16%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 3,855 (86.18%) Developer
2 1,291 (28.86%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 767 (17.15%) .NET Developer
4 655 (14.64%) Senior Developer
5 630 (14.08%) JavaScript Developer
6 551 (12.32%) Web Developer
7 459 (10.26%) C# Developer
8 420 (9.39%) Full Stack Developer
9 360 (8.05%) PHP Developer
10 334 (7.47%) HTML Developer
11 316 (7.06%) C# .NET Developer
12 306 (6.84%) Java Developer
13 270 (6.04%) React Developer
14 256 (5.72%) Software Developer
15 233 (5.21%) Software Engineer
16 230 (5.14%) HTML CSS Developer
17 228 (5.10%) ASP.NET Developer
18 223 (4.99%) Angular Developer
19 195 (4.36%) UI Developer
20 192 (4.29%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,472 (99.98%) CSS
2 4,357 (97.41%) HTML
3 4,130 (92.33%) HTML5
4 2,295 (51.31%) AngularJS
5 1,611 (36.02%) jQuery
6 1,417 (31.68%) .NET
7 1,367 (30.56%) React
8 1,074 (24.01%) Sass
9 1,035 (23.14%) ASP.NET
10 936 (20.93%) Node.js
11 931 (20.81%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 684 (15.29%) RESTful
13 667 (14.91%) ASP.NET MVC
14 552 (12.34%) LESS
15 499 (11.16%) REST
16 492 (11.00%) JSON
17 482 (10.78%) Vue.js
18 447 (9.99%) Web Services
19 420 (9.39%) Ajax
20 419 (9.37%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 940 (21.01%) User Experience
2 303 (6.77%) Fintech
3 300 (6.71%) Greenfield Project
4 298 (6.66%) Computer Science
5 246 (5.50%) Mobile App
6 164 (3.67%) Enterprise Software
7 136 (3.04%) Analytical Skills
8 105 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
9 60 (1.34%) Algorithms
10 56 (1.25%) Linux Command Line
11 44 (0.98%) Cloud Native
12 41 (0.92%) Data Structures
13 40 (0.89%) Social Media
14 39 (0.87%) Robotics
15 37 (0.83%) W3C
16 35 (0.78%) Over-the-Top Content
17 32 (0.72%) Graphic Design
18 30 (0.67%) Blog
19 27 (0.60%) Life Science
20 23 (0.51%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 300 (6.71%) Linux
2 134 (3.00%) Android
3 126 (2.82%) Apple iOS
4 121 (2.71%) Windows
5 53 (1.18%) Unix
6 16 (0.36%) CentOS
7 15 (0.34%) Ubuntu
8 12 (0.27%) Debian
8 12 (0.27%) Mac OS X
9 8 (0.18%) Solaris
10 7 (0.16%) Mac OS
10 7 (0.16%) Windows 10
11 5 (0.11%) Windows Phone
11 5 (0.11%) Windows Phone 8
11 5 (0.11%) Windows Server
12 3 (0.067%) CoreOS
12 3 (0.067%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,215 (49.52%) Agile Software Development
2 1,583 (35.39%) Front End Development
3 1,431 (31.99%) MVC
4 1,135 (25.37%) Web Development
5 943 (21.08%) TDD
6 933 (20.86%) Scrum
7 685 (15.31%) Software Engineering
8 561 (12.54%) BDD
9 529 (11.83%) OO
10 521 (11.65%) Responsive Web Design
11 497 (11.11%) Unit Testing
12 486 (10.87%) Problem-Solving
13 458 (10.24%) E-Commerce
14 414 (9.26%) DevOps
15 392 (8.76%) Microservices
16 374 (8.36%) Continuous Integration
17 372 (8.32%) Web Application Development
18 366 (8.18%) Test Automation
19 342 (7.65%) OOP
20 245 (5.48%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 3,929 (87.84%) JavaScript
2 1,354 (30.27%) C#
3 1,000 (22.36%) SQL
4 832 (18.60%) PHP
5 783 (17.51%) Java
6 510 (11.40%) ES6
7 439 (9.81%) TypeScript
8 296 (6.62%) Python
9 229 (5.12%) T-SQL
10 125 (2.79%) Java 8
11 123 (2.75%) Ruby
12 97 (2.17%) VB.NET
13 86 (1.92%) C++
14 67 (1.50%) ES7
15 58 (1.30%) Scala
16 57 (1.27%) C
17 56 (1.25%) PL/SQL
18 39 (0.87%) PowerShell
19 35 (0.78%) Go
19 35 (0.78%) PHP 5
Qualifications
1 505 (11.29%) Degree
2 126 (2.82%) Computer Science Degree
3 44 (0.98%) SAFe Agilist
4 39 (0.87%) Security Cleared
5 34 (0.76%) Microsoft Certification
6 30 (0.67%) SC Cleared
7 19 (0.42%) DV Cleared
8 6 (0.13%) Chartered Engineer
8 6 (0.13%) CITP
8 6 (0.13%) Sun Certification
9 5 (0.11%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.089%) HND
10 4 (0.089%) PhD
10 4 (0.089%) PMI Certification
11 3 (0.067%) ITIL Certification
11 3 (0.067%) MCTS
11 3 (0.067%) Numerate Degree
12 2 (0.045%) ICAEW
13 1 (0.022%) AWS Certification
13 1 (0.022%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 168 (3.76%) QA
2 26 (0.58%) WCAG
3 15 (0.34%) GDPR
4 5 (0.11%) PMO
4 5 (0.11%) WAI
5 4 (0.089%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.067%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.067%) SLA
7 2 (0.045%) Web Application Security Consortium
8 1 (0.022%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 230 (5.14%) Docker
2 31 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
3 13 (0.29%) Varnish
4 7 (0.16%) VirtualBox
5 6 (0.13%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.11%) Firmware
7 3 (0.067%) HDFS
7 3 (0.067%) VMware Infrastructure
8 1 (0.022%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 74 (1.65%) Kubernetes
2 53 (1.18%) Ansible
3 30 (0.67%) Opscode Chef
4 22 (0.49%) Puppet
4 22 (0.49%) Terraform
5 9 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
5 9 (0.20%) Kibana
6 7 (0.16%) Nagios
6 7 (0.16%) Salt
7 6 (0.13%) HAProxy
7 6 (0.13%) logstash
7 6 (0.13%) Single Sign-On
7 6 (0.13%) ZABBIX
8 5 (0.11%) Docker Swarm
9 4 (0.089%) cPanel
10 3 (0.067%) Prometheus
10 3 (0.067%) SCCM
11 2 (0.045%) Grafana
11 2 (0.045%) Hadoop YARN
12 1 (0.022%) Capistrano
Vendors
1 366 (8.18%) Microsoft
2 225 (5.03%) Oracle
3 197 (4.40%) Adobe
4 168 (3.76%) Google
5 104 (2.33%) Sitecore
6 82 (1.83%) Facebook
7 57 (1.27%) Zend
8 48 (1.07%) Twitter
8 48 (1.07%) Xamarin
9 45 (1.01%) Marketo
10 41 (0.92%) SAP
11 37 (0.83%) Alias
12 32 (0.72%) Atlassian
13 28 (0.63%) Splunk
13 28 (0.63%) Telerik
14 27 (0.60%) Salesforce.com
15 19 (0.42%) hybris
16 18 (0.40%) AppDynamics
16 18 (0.40%) IBM
16 18 (0.40%) Red Hat