Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 195 161 194
Rank change year-on-year -34 +33 -42
Permanent jobs citing CSS3 2,438 1,325 2,298
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.89% 2.09% 1.82%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.91% 4.92% 4.76%
Number of salaries quoted 982 1,141 1,910
10th Percentile £32,000 £31,250 £32,500
25th Percentile £37,750 £37,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% +10.53%
75th Percentile £75,000 £65,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £96,250 £75,000 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -5.56% - +5.88%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 49,655 26,955 48,300
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.53% 42.48% 38.28%
Number of salaries quoted 30,591 23,144 39,977
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £81,250 £73,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £54,500 £50,000 £45,500
% change year-on-year +9.00% +9.89% +1.11%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS3.

Salary trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Salary histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -33 2,070 £57,500 +15.00% 321
UK excluding London -42 1,294 £42,500 -5.56% 210
London -11 941 £70,000 +7.69% 125
Work from Home -50 506 £60,000 +33.33% 80
North of England -38 387 £35,000 -16.67% 80
South East -22 326 £45,000 -10.00% 36
Midlands -31 242 £46,500 +3.33% 25
North West -34 181 £35,000 -20.00% 33
Yorkshire -33 154 £35,000 -14.11% 34
West Midlands -40 122 £41,500 -5.14% 18
East Midlands -13 120 £50,000 - 7
South West -48 113 £52,500 +16.67% 18
Scotland -23 100 £62,500 +47.06% 13
Wales -15 54 £57,500 +51.32% 5
North East +4 52 £29,500 -22.37% 13
East of England -101 43 £50,000 +21.95% 31
Northern Ireland +3 39 £37,500 +7.14% 2

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2,438 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,395 (98.24%) HTML
3 2,327 (95.45%) HTML5
4 2,192 (89.91%) JavaScript
5 1,096 (44.95%) Agile Software Development
6 1,074 (44.05%) React
7 950 (38.97%) Java
8 940 (38.56%) C#
9 788 (32.32%) Microsoft
10 782 (32.08%) Git (software)
11 745 (30.56%) OO
12 741 (30.39%) Python
13 704 (28.88%) AngularJS
14 690 (28.30%) Front End Development
15 661 (27.11%) OOP
16 638 (26.17%) Software Engineering
17 624 (25.59%) User Experience
18 615 (25.23%) Data Structures
19 614 (25.18%) Node.js
20 589 (24.16%) Oracle
21 579 (23.75%) Java 8
22 559 (22.93%) Functional Programming
23 550 (22.56%) TypeScript
24 541 (22.19%) CIW
24 541 (22.19%) Java SE
24 541 (22.19%) OCP
24 541 (22.19%) OCA
24 541 (22.19%) Oracle Certification
25 510 (20.92%) CI/CD
26 493 (20.22%) TDD

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 183 (7.51%) CMS
2 95 (3.90%) WordPress
3 81 (3.32%) IIS
4 80 (3.28%) Confluence
5 74 (3.04%) Apache
6 63 (2.58%) nginx
6 63 (2.58%) Umbraco
7 53 (2.17%) Headless CMS
8 51 (2.09%) Kentico
9 50 (2.05%) EPiServer
10 48 (1.97%) Sitecore CMS
11 32 (1.31%) Elasticsearch
12 31 (1.27%) Drupal
13 30 (1.23%) SharePoint
14 24 (0.98%) Tomcat
15 22 (0.90%) JBoss
16 19 (0.78%) Mendix
17 14 (0.57%) Jetty
17 14 (0.57%) Joomla!
18 12 (0.49%) Camunda
Applications
1 67 (2.75%) Photoshop
2 51 (2.09%) Sketch
3 41 (1.68%) InVision
4 34 (1.39%) Adobe XD
5 33 (1.35%) Adobe Illustrator
6 16 (0.66%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 12 (0.49%) OmniGraffle
8 10 (0.41%) GIMP
9 9 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
10 8 (0.33%) Chatbot
11 5 (0.21%) InDesign
12 4 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
13 3 (0.12%) Adobe After Effects
13 3 (0.12%) Adobe Premiere
13 3 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
13 3 (0.12%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 23 (0.94%) Payment Gateway
2 22 (0.90%) Shopify
3 10 (0.41%) WebTrends
4 5 (0.21%) NetSuite
5 4 (0.16%) Magento
6 2 (0.082%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.082%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.041%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.041%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 446 (18.29%) AWS
2 360 (14.77%) Azure
3 220 (9.02%) npm
4 184 (7.55%) GCP
5 176 (7.22%) GitHub
6 174 (7.14%) Serverless
7 162 (6.64%) SaaS
8 70 (2.87%) GitHub Actions
9 68 (2.79%) AWS Lambda
10 66 (2.71%) Amazon S3
11 54 (2.21%) Yarn
12 43 (1.76%) Figma
13 34 (1.39%) AWS CloudFormation
14 33 (1.35%) Amazon EC2
15 32 (1.31%) OpenShift
16 30 (1.23%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 28 (1.15%) Google Analytics
18 26 (1.07%) Power Platform
19 24 (0.98%) Amazon SQS
20 23 (0.94%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 194 (7.96%) HTTP
2 28 (1.15%) Internet
3 13 (0.53%) SSL
4 10 (0.41%) VoIP
5 9 (0.37%) SNA
6 7 (0.29%) Broadband
6 7 (0.29%) Intranet
7 5 (0.21%) 5G
7 5 (0.21%) Firewall
7 5 (0.21%) HTTPS
7 5 (0.21%) MQTT
7 5 (0.21%) Reverse Proxy
7 5 (0.21%) SMS
8 3 (0.12%) DNS
8 3 (0.12%) Wi-Fi
9 1 (0.041%) Extranet
9 1 (0.041%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 278 (11.40%) MySQL
2 209 (8.57%) SQL Server
3 142 (5.82%) PostgreSQL
4 132 (5.41%) NoSQL
5 117 (4.80%) MongoDB
6 109 (4.47%) Redis
7 86 (3.53%) Relational Database
8 35 (1.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 32 (1.31%) Amazon RDS
9 32 (1.31%) SQL Server 2019
10 20 (0.82%) SQL Server 2016
11 17 (0.70%) Amazon Aurora
12 15 (0.62%) RDBMS
13 14 (0.57%) SQL Server 2014
14 13 (0.53%) Big Data
14 13 (0.53%) Power BI
15 9 (0.37%) MariaDB
15 9 (0.37%) SQL Server 2012
16 5 (0.21%) BusinessObjects
17 4 (0.16%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 782 (32.08%) Git (software)
2 301 (12.35%) Jenkins
3 255 (10.46%) webpack
4 205 (8.41%) JIRA
5 128 (5.25%) Mocha
6 113 (4.63%) gulp
7 107 (4.39%) Selenium
8 99 (4.06%) Grunt
9 88 (3.61%) Jasmine
10 87 (3.57%) Cypress.io
11 84 (3.45%) Visual Studio
12 57 (2.34%) Storybook
13 56 (2.30%) Codeship
14 51 (2.09%) PostCSS
15 43 (1.76%) GitLab
16 41 (1.68%) ReSharper
17 38 (1.56%) Bitbucket
17 38 (1.56%) TeamCity
18 34 (1.39%) Vagrant
19 33 (1.35%) Subversion
General
1 445 (18.25%) Social Skills
2 370 (15.18%) Finance
3 135 (5.54%) Analytical Skills
4 119 (4.88%) Marketing
5 97 (3.98%) Banking
6 63 (2.58%) Games
7 58 (2.38%) Publishing
8 46 (1.89%) Retail
9 41 (1.68%) Public Sector
10 39 (1.60%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 37 (1.52%) Advertising
12 25 (1.03%) Financial Institution
13 23 (0.94%) Pharmaceutical
14 21 (0.86%) Manufacturing
15 19 (0.78%) Law
16 17 (0.70%) Local Government
17 16 (0.66%) Legal
18 15 (0.62%) Automotive
19 13 (0.53%) Organisational Skills
19 13 (0.53%) Wearables
Job Titles
1 2,003 (82.16%) Developer
2 618 (25.35%) Software Developer
3 560 (22.97%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 541 (22.19%) Trainee
4 541 (22.19%) Trainee Developer
4 541 (22.19%) Trainee Software Developer
5 314 (12.88%) Senior Developer
6 243 (9.97%) Software Engineer
7 238 (9.76%) Full Stack Developer
8 203 (8.33%) React Developer
9 154 (6.32%) JavaScript Developer
10 150 (6.15%) Web Developer
11 149 (6.11%) .NET Developer
12 139 (5.70%) Senior Front-End Developer
13 128 (5.25%) Junior
14 121 (4.96%) Junior Developer
15 101 (4.14%) PHP Developer
16 81 (3.32%) C# Developer
17 79 (3.24%) Senior React Developer
18 65 (2.67%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,438 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,395 (98.24%) HTML
3 2,327 (95.45%) HTML5
4 1,074 (44.05%) React
5 704 (28.88%) AngularJS
6 614 (25.18%) Node.js
7 541 (22.19%) Java SE
8 480 (19.69%) Sass
9 373 (15.30%) .NET
10 347 (14.23%) REST
11 328 (13.45%) Vue.js
12 311 (12.76%) RESTful
13 303 (12.43%) Redux
14 281 (11.53%) jQuery
15 268 (10.99%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 235 (9.64%) GraphQL
17 222 (9.11%) ASP.NET
18 220 (9.02%) Spring
19 201 (8.24%) Web Services
20 199 (8.16%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 624 (25.59%) User Experience
2 615 (25.23%) Data Structures
3 71 (2.91%) Greenfield Project
4 68 (2.79%) Enterprise Software
5 61 (2.50%) Mobile App
6 58 (2.38%) Algorithms
7 57 (2.34%) Virtual Team
8 47 (1.93%) Self-Motivation
8 47 (1.93%) Social Media
9 34 (1.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 34 (1.39%) W3C
10 32 (1.31%) Linux Command Line
11 31 (1.27%) Cloud Native
11 31 (1.27%) Public Cloud
12 28 (1.15%) Reinsurance
13 27 (1.11%) Social Network
14 26 (1.07%) Blog
15 23 (0.94%) Legacy Systems
15 23 (0.94%) Management Information System
15 23 (0.94%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 175 (7.18%) Linux
2 93 (3.81%) Windows
3 68 (2.79%) Android
4 64 (2.63%) Apple iOS
5 46 (1.89%) Windows Server
6 28 (1.15%) Ubuntu
7 20 (0.82%) Unix
8 16 (0.66%) CentOS
9 5 (0.21%) VMS
10 4 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 3 (0.12%) Windows Mobile
12 2 (0.082%) Alpine Linux
12 2 (0.082%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.041%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,096 (44.95%) Agile Software Development
2 745 (30.56%) OO
3 690 (28.30%) Front End Development
4 661 (27.11%) OOP
5 638 (26.17%) Software Engineering
6 559 (22.93%) Functional Programming
7 510 (20.92%) CI/CD
8 493 (20.22%) TDD
9 459 (18.83%) DevOps
10 440 (18.05%) Web Development
11 431 (17.68%) Full Stack Development
12 390 (16.00%) Continuous Integration
13 372 (15.26%) UX Design
14 317 (13.00%) MVC
15 314 (12.88%) Problem-Solving
16 278 (11.40%) Scrum
17 247 (10.13%) Unit Testing
18 246 (10.09%) Test Automation
19 243 (9.97%) BDD
20 211 (8.65%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 2,192 (89.91%) JavaScript
2 950 (38.97%) Java
3 940 (38.56%) C#
4 741 (30.39%) Python
5 579 (23.75%) Java 8
6 550 (22.56%) TypeScript
7 328 (13.45%) SQL
8 302 (12.39%) ES6
9 279 (11.44%) PHP
10 75 (3.08%) ES7
11 74 (3.04%) C
12 66 (2.71%) C++
13 62 (2.54%) Objective-C
14 42 (1.72%) Kotlin
15 40 (1.64%) T-SQL
16 35 (1.44%) Scala
17 32 (1.31%) Go
18 28 (1.15%) PHP 7
19 25 (1.03%) Ruby
20 19 (0.78%) R
Qualifications
1 541 (22.19%) CIW
1 541 (22.19%) OCA
1 541 (22.19%) OCP
1 541 (22.19%) Oracle Certification
2 242 (9.93%) Degree
3 133 (5.46%) Computer Science Degree
4 36 (1.48%) Security Cleared
5 26 (1.07%) Master's Degree
6 23 (0.94%) PMI Certification
6 23 (0.94%) SC Cleared
7 16 (0.66%) SANS
8 14 (0.57%) DBS Check
9 11 (0.45%) Numerate Degree
10 9 (0.37%) DV Cleared
11 8 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
12 7 (0.29%) SAFe Agilist
13 4 (0.16%) PhD
14 3 (0.12%) AWS Certification
15 2 (0.082%) PRINCE2 Certification
16 1 (0.041%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 265 (10.87%) Accessibility
2 176 (7.22%) QA
3 45 (1.85%) WCAG
4 13 (0.53%) GDPR
5 7 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 6 (0.25%) Data Quality
6 6 (0.25%) NCSC
7 5 (0.21%) HIPAA
8 3 (0.12%) ISO 13485
9 1 (0.041%) WAI
System Software
1 362 (14.85%) Docker
2 17 (0.70%) VMware Infrastructure
3 14 (0.57%) KVM
4 2 (0.082%) VirtualBox
5 1 (0.041%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.041%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 192 (7.88%) Kubernetes
2 67 (2.75%) Terraform
3 34 (1.39%) Prometheus
4 32 (1.31%) Ansible
5 26 (1.07%) Hadoop YARN
6 14 (0.57%) Consul
6 14 (0.57%) Packer
7 11 (0.45%) Single Sign-On
8 7 (0.29%) Bugsnag
9 5 (0.21%) Puppet
9 5 (0.21%) Rancher
10 3 (0.12%) Grafana
10 3 (0.12%) Graphite
10 3 (0.12%) Kibana
11 1 (0.041%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
11 1 (0.041%) HAProxy
11 1 (0.041%) MIIS
11 1 (0.041%) Opscode Chef
11 1 (0.041%) vRealize
Vendors
1 788 (32.32%) Microsoft
2 589 (24.16%) Oracle
3 99 (4.06%) Adobe
4 84 (3.45%) Google
5 62 (2.54%) Sitecore
6 39 (1.60%) Zend
7 24 (0.98%) Apple
8 20 (0.82%) VMware
9 17 (0.70%) WooCommerce
10 14 (0.57%) LexisNexis
11 11 (0.45%) Civica
11 11 (0.45%) Salesforce.com
11 11 (0.45%) Snapchat
12 9 (0.37%) Brandwatch
13 7 (0.29%) Atlassian
13 7 (0.29%) Splunk
13 7 (0.29%) Telerik
14 6 (0.25%) Facebook
14 6 (0.25%) Xamarin
15 5 (0.21%) Guidewire