Period
to 9 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 9 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
9 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 132 105 81
Rank change year-on-year -27 -24 -4
Permanent jobs citing CSS3 4,057 5,511 6,321
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.55% 3.09% 3.39%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.45% 7.70% 8.64%
Number of salaries quoted 3,388 4,934 5,712
UK median annual salary £49,740 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.53% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £30,750 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £76,250 £72,000 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £43,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +8.75% - +6.67%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 62,901 71,530 73,122
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.58% 40.08% 39.19%
Number of salaries quoted 51,792 59,555 63,322
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS3.

Salary trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 9 December 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 9 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -30 3,762 £50,000 +11.11% 813
UK excluding London -35 2,298 £43,500 +8.75% 583
London -18 1,663 £60,000 +9.09% 278
South East +7 785 £45,000 +5.88% 123
North of England -23 603 £42,500 +6.25% 163
North West -27 349 £47,500 +18.75% 93
Midlands -69 303 £41,000 +10.81% 122
South West -18 215 £45,000 - 70
Yorkshire -13 210 £37,500 -6.25% 53
East of England -71 187 £42,500 +2.41% 58
West Midlands -42 176 £40,000 +17.65% 56
Scotland -35 144 £45,830 +14.58% 26
East Midlands -51 127 £43,500 +16.00% 66
Wales -1 53 £40,000 +14.29% 18
North East -8 44 £45,000 +38.46% 17
Northern Ireland -7 6 £39,500 -1.25% 4

For the 6 months to 9 December 2018, IT jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 4,056 (99.98%) CSS
2 3,972 (97.90%) HTML
3 3,782 (93.22%) HTML5
4 3,573 (88.07%) JavaScript
5 2,033 (50.11%) AngularJS
6 1,975 (48.68%) Agile Software Development
7 1,442 (35.54%) jQuery
8 1,399 (34.48%) Front End Development
9 1,291 (31.82%) Git (software)
10 1,288 (31.75%) React
11 1,249 (30.79%) .NET
12 1,248 (30.76%) MVC
13 1,238 (30.52%) C#
14 994 (24.50%) Sass
15 961 (23.69%) Web Development
16 928 (22.87%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 926 (22.82%) ASP.NET
18 905 (22.31%) SQL
19 856 (21.10%) Node.js
20 838 (20.66%) Scrum
21 819 (20.19%) SQL Server
22 816 (20.11%) TDD
23 809 (19.94%) User Experience
24 800 (19.72%) PHP
25 730 (17.99%) Java
26 682 (16.81%) Finance
27 618 (15.23%) MySQL
28 600 (14.79%) RESTful
29 568 (14.00%) Software Engineering
30 562 (13.85%) Microsoft Azure

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 370 (9.12%) CMS
2 222 (5.47%) WordPress
3 175 (4.31%) Elasticsearch
4 118 (2.91%) Drupal
5 104 (2.56%) EPiServer
6 88 (2.17%) Umbraco
7 87 (2.14%) Confluence
8 81 (2.00%) Apache
8 81 (2.00%) Tomcat
9 78 (1.92%) SharePoint
10 61 (1.50%) Sitecore CMS
11 46 (1.13%) IIS
12 38 (0.94%) Apache Spark
13 33 (0.81%) nginx
14 27 (0.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 27 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
15 26 (0.64%) Kentico
16 25 (0.62%) WebSphere
17 17 (0.42%) Apache Solr
18 16 (0.39%) GlassFish
Applications
1 222 (5.47%) Photoshop
2 105 (2.59%) Adobe Illustrator
3 48 (1.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 21 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
5 17 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
6 15 (0.37%) InVision
7 14 (0.35%) Chatbot
7 14 (0.35%) GIMP
8 9 (0.22%) InDesign
9 7 (0.17%) Adobe After Effects
9 7 (0.17%) Fireworks
10 3 (0.074%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 3 (0.074%) UXPin
11 1 (0.025%) HipChat
11 1 (0.025%) Microsoft Project
11 1 (0.025%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 62 (1.53%) Magento
2 36 (0.89%) Eloqua
3 33 (0.81%) Shopify
4 25 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
5 22 (0.54%) Actimize
6 15 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
7 12 (0.30%) WebTrends
8 8 (0.20%) Odoo
9 7 (0.17%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 6 (0.15%) osCommerce
10 6 (0.15%) SDL Web 8
11 2 (0.049%) PeopleSoft Financials
11 2 (0.049%) PeopleSoft HCM
11 2 (0.049%) SAP Hybris
12 1 (0.025%) Distributed Ledger
12 1 (0.025%) Dynamics AX
12 1 (0.025%) NetSuite
12 1 (0.025%) SAP Business One
12 1 (0.025%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 562 (13.85%) Microsoft Azure
2 425 (10.48%) Amazon AWS
3 301 (7.42%) npm
4 171 (4.21%) GitHub
5 105 (2.59%) SaaS
6 50 (1.23%) Google Cloud Platform
7 44 (1.08%) Serverless
8 43 (1.06%) Google Analytics
9 31 (0.76%) NuGet
10 30 (0.74%) Office 365
10 30 (0.74%) Yarn
11 28 (0.69%) Amazon S3
12 26 (0.64%) IaaS
13 25 (0.62%) PaaS
14 24 (0.59%) Amazon EC2
15 23 (0.57%) Slack
16 20 (0.49%) AdWords
16 20 (0.49%) OpenShift
17 19 (0.47%) Amazon SQS
18 15 (0.37%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 76 (1.87%) Internet
2 71 (1.75%) HTTP
3 35 (0.86%) Intranet
4 17 (0.42%) DNS
5 13 (0.32%) RIP
5 13 (0.32%) SSH
6 12 (0.30%) VoIP
7 10 (0.25%) Extranet
7 10 (0.25%) Skype
7 10 (0.25%) SMS
8 9 (0.22%) HTTPS
8 9 (0.22%) SSL
9 7 (0.17%) FTP
10 5 (0.12%) DAB
10 5 (0.12%) TCP/IP
11 3 (0.074%) Broadband
12 2 (0.049%) Firewall
12 2 (0.049%) VPN
13 1 (0.025%) LAN
13 1 (0.025%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 819 (20.19%) SQL Server
2 618 (15.23%) MySQL
3 488 (12.03%) MongoDB
4 286 (7.05%) NoSQL
5 209 (5.15%) Relational Database
6 163 (4.02%) PostgreSQL
7 153 (3.77%) SQL Server 2016
8 139 (3.43%) RavenDB
9 72 (1.77%) Redis
10 63 (1.55%) RDBMS
11 54 (1.33%) Couchbase
12 51 (1.26%) Big Data
13 43 (1.06%) SQL Server 2014
14 39 (0.96%) CouchDB
15 37 (0.91%) Apache Cassandra
16 36 (0.89%) Blockchain
17 34 (0.84%) Hadoop
18 31 (0.76%) SQLite
19 29 (0.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 29 (0.71%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1,291 (31.82%) Git (software)
2 431 (10.62%) gulp
3 384 (9.47%) webpack
4 298 (7.35%) JIRA
5 282 (6.95%) Jenkins
6 270 (6.66%) Visual Studio
7 266 (6.56%) Grunt
8 263 (6.48%) Team Foundation Server
9 261 (6.43%) Subversion
10 229 (5.64%) Selenium
11 176 (4.34%) TeamCity
12 143 (3.52%) Jasmine
13 140 (3.45%) Mocha
14 116 (2.86%) Protractor
15 114 (2.81%) Octopus Deploy
16 107 (2.64%) Maven
17 106 (2.61%) Karma Test Runner
18 94 (2.32%) Bower
19 85 (2.10%) NUnit
20 81 (2.00%) JUnit
General
1 682 (16.81%) Finance
2 315 (7.76%) Marketing
3 259 (6.38%) Retail
4 193 (4.76%) Banking
5 160 (3.94%) Advertising
6 97 (2.39%) Games
7 65 (1.60%) Electronics
8 64 (1.58%) Telecoms
9 61 (1.50%) Manufacturing
10 51 (1.26%) Publishing
11 37 (0.91%) Investment Banking
12 36 (0.89%) Law
13 22 (0.54%) Legal
14 18 (0.44%) Automotive
15 17 (0.42%) Retail Banking
16 14 (0.35%) Financial Institution
17 13 (0.32%) Multimedia
18 10 (0.25%) Back Office
19 9 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
20 8 (0.20%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 3,488 (85.97%) Developer
2 1,155 (28.47%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 639 (15.75%) .NET Developer
4 621 (15.31%) Senior Developer
5 532 (13.11%) JavaScript Developer
6 502 (12.37%) Web Developer
7 390 (9.61%) Full Stack Developer
8 378 (9.32%) C# Developer
9 345 (8.50%) PHP Developer
10 295 (7.27%) Java Developer
11 266 (6.56%) HTML Developer
12 245 (6.04%) C# .NET Developer
13 235 (5.79%) Software Developer
14 234 (5.77%) React Developer
15 194 (4.78%) Software Engineer
16 192 (4.73%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 191 (4.71%) HTML CSS Developer
18 187 (4.61%) Lead Developer
19 173 (4.26%) Angular Developer
20 161 (3.97%) ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,056 (99.98%) CSS
2 3,972 (97.90%) HTML
3 3,782 (93.22%) HTML5
4 2,033 (50.11%) AngularJS
5 1,442 (35.54%) jQuery
6 1,288 (31.75%) React
7 1,249 (30.79%) .NET
8 994 (24.50%) Sass
9 928 (22.87%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 926 (22.82%) ASP.NET
11 856 (21.10%) Node.js
12 600 (14.79%) RESTful
13 557 (13.73%) ASP.NET MVC
14 497 (12.25%) LESS
15 481 (11.86%) Vue.js
16 434 (10.70%) REST
17 420 (10.35%) Web Services
18 413 (10.18%) JSON
19 372 (9.17%) Spring
20 355 (8.75%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 809 (19.94%) User Experience
2 285 (7.02%) Greenfield Project
3 282 (6.95%) Fintech
4 199 (4.91%) Mobile App
5 147 (3.62%) Enterprise Software
6 138 (3.40%) Analytical Skills
7 98 (2.42%) Self-Motivation
8 56 (1.38%) Linux Command Line
9 39 (0.96%) Algorithms
10 37 (0.91%) Robotics
11 36 (0.89%) Blog
11 36 (0.89%) Cloud Native
11 36 (0.89%) W3C
12 30 (0.74%) Over-the-Top Content
13 29 (0.71%) Graphic Design
14 27 (0.67%) Life Science
14 27 (0.67%) Social Media
15 22 (0.54%) Video on Demand
16 18 (0.44%) Animation
16 18 (0.44%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 293 (7.22%) Linux
2 138 (3.40%) Android
3 130 (3.20%) Apple iOS
4 122 (3.01%) Windows
5 51 (1.26%) Unix
6 17 (0.42%) CentOS
7 16 (0.39%) Ubuntu
8 13 (0.32%) Windows 10
9 12 (0.30%) Solaris
10 10 (0.25%) Debian
11 9 (0.22%) Mac OS X
12 8 (0.20%) Mac OS
13 5 (0.12%) Windows Server
14 3 (0.074%) Windows Phone
14 3 (0.074%) Windows Phone 8
15 2 (0.049%) CoreOS
16 1 (0.025%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,975 (48.68%) Agile Software Development
2 1,399 (34.48%) Front End Development
3 1,248 (30.76%) MVC
4 961 (23.69%) Web Development
5 838 (20.66%) Scrum
6 816 (20.11%) TDD
7 568 (14.00%) Software Engineering
8 475 (11.71%) BDD
9 449 (11.07%) OO
10 438 (10.80%) E-Commerce
11 433 (10.67%) Responsive Web Design
11 433 (10.67%) Unit Testing
12 386 (9.51%) DevOps
13 377 (9.29%) Problem-Solving
14 362 (8.92%) Microservices
14 362 (8.92%) Test Automation
15 336 (8.28%) Continuous Integration
16 291 (7.17%) OOP
17 289 (7.12%) Web Application Development
18 239 (5.89%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 3,573 (88.07%) JavaScript
2 1,238 (30.52%) C#
3 905 (22.31%) SQL
4 800 (19.72%) PHP
5 730 (17.99%) Java
6 493 (12.15%) ES6
7 423 (10.43%) TypeScript
8 308 (7.59%) Python
9 224 (5.52%) T-SQL
10 105 (2.59%) Java 8
11 99 (2.44%) VB.NET
12 90 (2.22%) Ruby
13 74 (1.82%) PL/SQL
14 70 (1.73%) C++
15 57 (1.40%) ES7
16 54 (1.33%) C
17 41 (1.01%) PHP 7
18 37 (0.91%) PowerShell
19 36 (0.89%) PHP 5
20 33 (0.81%) Scala
Qualifications
1 430 (10.60%) Degree
2 112 (2.76%) Computer Science Degree
3 34 (0.84%) Security Cleared
4 31 (0.76%) SAFe Agilist
5 26 (0.64%) SC Cleared
6 18 (0.44%) DV Cleared
7 10 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
8 7 (0.17%) TOGAF Certification
9 6 (0.15%) PhD
10 5 (0.12%) HND
11 4 (0.099%) Master's Degree
12 3 (0.074%) ITIL Certification
12 3 (0.074%) Numerate Degree
13 2 (0.049%) Chartered Engineer
13 2 (0.049%) CITP
13 2 (0.049%) ICAEW
13 2 (0.049%) Sun Certification
14 1 (0.025%) DBS Check
14 1 (0.025%) MCP
14 1 (0.025%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 169 (4.17%) QA
2 22 (0.54%) WCAG
3 18 (0.44%) GDPR
4 5 (0.12%) WAI
5 3 (0.074%) PMO
6 2 (0.049%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.049%) Web Application Security Consortium
7 1 (0.025%) SLA
System Software
1 251 (6.19%) Docker
2 21 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
3 10 (0.25%) Varnish
4 6 (0.15%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.15%) VirtualBox
5 3 (0.074%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.049%) Firmware
6 2 (0.049%) HDFS
7 1 (0.025%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 89 (2.19%) Kubernetes
2 35 (0.86%) Ansible
3 27 (0.67%) Opscode Chef
4 26 (0.64%) Terraform
5 15 (0.37%) Kibana
6 14 (0.35%) Puppet
7 11 (0.27%) logstash
8 9 (0.22%) HP Quality Center
9 7 (0.17%) HAProxy
10 6 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
11 5 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (0.099%) cPanel
12 4 (0.099%) Nagios
13 3 (0.074%) Salt
13 3 (0.074%) SCCM
13 3 (0.074%) ZABBIX
14 2 (0.049%) Grafana
14 2 (0.049%) Hadoop YARN
14 2 (0.049%) Mesos
15 1 (0.025%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 366 (9.02%) Microsoft
2 230 (5.67%) Oracle
3 186 (4.58%) Adobe
4 144 (3.55%) Google
5 79 (1.95%) Sitecore
6 72 (1.77%) Facebook
7 66 (1.63%) Zend
8 49 (1.21%) SAP
9 47 (1.16%) Xamarin
10 37 (0.91%) IBM
11 36 (0.89%) Atlassian
11 36 (0.89%) Telerik
12 31 (0.76%) Marketo
13 28 (0.69%) Alias
14 27 (0.67%) Twitter
15 23 (0.57%) Salesforce.com
16 22 (0.54%) Blue Prism
17 19 (0.47%) Red Hat
17 19 (0.47%) Splunk
18 18 (0.44%) Rackspace