Period
to 18 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 18 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
18 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 176 114 87
Rank change year-on-year -62 -27 -9
Permanent jobs citing CSS3 2,856 4,883 5,703
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.99% 2.84% 3.31%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 5.21% 7.00% 8.16%
Number of salaries quoted 2,436 4,287 5,118
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,000 £29,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £38,500
% change year-on-year - +10.39% -1.28%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 54,811 69,721 69,901
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.22% 40.56% 40.62%
Number of salaries quoted 45,034 58,341 59,162
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,000
% change year-on-year - +7.14% +2.44%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS3.

Salary trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 18 June 2019.

Salary histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 18 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -69 2,589 £47,500 - 169
UK excluding London -50 1,808 £42,500 - 132
London -77 977 £62,500 +4.17% 50
South East -64 529 £42,500 -5.56% 26
North of England -63 391 £42,500 +6.25% 44
Midlands -27 275 £40,000 - 26
South West -29 236 £42,500 - 15
North West -55 223 £45,000 +5.88% 30
West Midlands -11 175 £40,000 - 12
Scotland +61 173 £39,500 -1.25% 9
East of England -12 160 £45,139 -4.97% 8
Yorkshire -53 120 £40,000 +6.67% 9
East Midlands -33 100 £40,000 +6.67% 14
North East +8 48 £42,500 +21.43% 5
Wales +7 28 £35,000 -12.50% 3
Northern Ireland -13 14 £47,500 -9.52% 1
Channel Islands - 1 - -
Isle of Man - 1 £55,000 -

For the 6 months to 18 June 2019, IT jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2,856 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,764 (96.78%) HTML
3 2,633 (92.19%) HTML5
4 2,430 (85.08%) JavaScript
5 1,414 (49.51%) Agile Software Development
6 1,390 (48.67%) AngularJS
7 1,015 (35.54%) Front End Development
8 931 (32.60%) React
9 832 (29.13%) Git (software)
10 812 (28.43%) jQuery
11 811 (28.40%) C#
12 764 (26.75%) .NET
13 729 (25.53%) MVC
14 657 (23.00%) Web Development
15 638 (22.34%) Sass
16 607 (21.25%) Node.js
17 600 (21.01%) User Experience
17 600 (21.01%) PHP
18 529 (18.52%) TDD
19 514 (18.00%) ASP.NET
20 494 (17.30%) Scrum
21 489 (17.12%) SQL
22 478 (16.74%) Java
23 455 (15.93%) Twitter Bootstrap
24 447 (15.65%) MySQL
25 441 (15.44%) ES6
26 436 (15.27%) SQL Server
27 375 (13.13%) Software Engineering
28 374 (13.10%) Finance
29 373 (13.06%) RESTful

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 167 (5.85%) CMS
2 165 (5.78%) WordPress
3 71 (2.49%) Apache
4 68 (2.38%) Elasticsearch
5 66 (2.31%) nginx
6 50 (1.75%) Confluence
7 45 (1.58%) Drupal
8 42 (1.47%) Umbraco
9 40 (1.40%) IIS
10 38 (1.33%) JBoss
11 33 (1.16%) Tomcat
12 24 (0.84%) Apache Spark
12 24 (0.84%) SharePoint
13 21 (0.74%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 20 (0.70%) Jupyter
15 19 (0.67%) lighttpd
16 18 (0.63%) WebSphere
17 11 (0.39%) Apache Solr
18 10 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
18 10 (0.35%) WebLogic
Applications
1 132 (4.62%) Photoshop
2 68 (2.38%) Adobe Illustrator
3 57 (2.00%) Sketch
4 31 (1.09%) Adobe XD
5 26 (0.91%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 15 (0.53%) InVision
7 14 (0.49%) GIMP
7 14 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
8 13 (0.46%) Fireworks
9 11 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
10 10 (0.35%) Zeplin
11 8 (0.28%) Chatbot
12 7 (0.25%) InDesign
12 7 (0.25%) OmniGraffle
13 5 (0.18%) HipChat
14 4 (0.14%) Moqups
14 4 (0.14%) MS Visio
14 4 (0.14%) Notepad++
15 3 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
16 2 (0.070%) Adobe After Effects
Business Applications
1 83 (2.91%) Magento
2 24 (0.84%) Shopify
3 10 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
4 8 (0.28%) SAP Business One
5 3 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.070%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.070%) Odoo
6 2 (0.070%) osCommerce
7 1 (0.035%) CiviCRM
7 1 (0.035%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.035%) nopCommerce
7 1 (0.035%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 317 (11.10%) Microsoft Azure
2 312 (10.92%) Amazon AWS
3 143 (5.01%) npm
4 119 (4.17%) Google Cloud Platform
5 105 (3.68%) GitHub
6 99 (3.47%) SaaS
7 69 (2.42%) Serverless
8 38 (1.33%) AWS Lambda
9 35 (1.23%) Google Analytics
10 31 (1.09%) PaaS
11 30 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
12 23 (0.81%) Yarn
13 22 (0.77%) Amazon EC2
14 19 (0.67%) Power Platform
15 18 (0.63%) G Suite
16 17 (0.60%) Amazon SQS
17 16 (0.56%) Firebase
18 15 (0.53%) Adobe Creative Cloud
19 14 (0.49%) Amazon ECS
20 13 (0.46%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 39 (1.37%) HTTP
2 27 (0.95%) Internet
3 18 (0.63%) Broadband
4 16 (0.56%) RIP
5 12 (0.42%) SSH
6 11 (0.39%) FTP
7 10 (0.35%) SSL
8 9 (0.32%) Intranet
9 6 (0.21%) SMS
10 5 (0.18%) DNS
11 4 (0.14%) RTMP
12 3 (0.11%) Network Security
13 2 (0.070%) Firewall
13 2 (0.070%) HTTPS
13 2 (0.070%) TCP/IP
13 2 (0.070%) VoIP
14 1 (0.035%) 5G
14 1 (0.035%) Extranet
14 1 (0.035%) Skype
14 1 (0.035%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 447 (15.65%) MySQL
2 436 (15.27%) SQL Server
3 178 (6.23%) MongoDB
4 149 (5.22%) NoSQL
5 98 (3.43%) Relational Database
6 74 (2.59%) Big Data
7 62 (2.17%) Redis
7 62 (2.17%) SQL Server 2016
8 59 (2.07%) PostgreSQL
9 54 (1.89%) RavenDB
10 50 (1.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 33 (1.16%) Couchbase
12 32 (1.12%) RDBMS
12 32 (1.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 26 (0.91%) Hadoop
14 25 (0.88%) SQL Server 2008
14 25 (0.88%) SQLite
15 23 (0.81%) SQL Server 2012
16 19 (0.67%) Blockchain
17 15 (0.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 832 (29.13%) Git (software)
2 234 (8.19%) gulp
3 207 (7.25%) webpack
4 192 (6.72%) Grunt
5 153 (5.36%) JIRA
6 151 (5.29%) Jenkins
7 125 (4.38%) Team Foundation Server
8 114 (3.99%) Subversion
9 106 (3.71%) Jasmine
9 106 (3.71%) Visual Studio
10 105 (3.68%) Selenium
11 78 (2.73%) Mocha
12 57 (2.00%) Maven
13 56 (1.96%) Bitbucket
14 46 (1.61%) Karma Test Runner
15 45 (1.58%) Babel
16 37 (1.30%) Cucumber
17 33 (1.16%) Mercurial
17 33 (1.16%) Protractor
18 32 (1.12%) Bower
General
1 374 (13.10%) Finance
2 259 (9.07%) Marketing
3 167 (5.85%) Retail
4 89 (3.12%) Banking
5 77 (2.70%) Games
6 75 (2.63%) Advertising
7 62 (2.17%) Telecoms
8 46 (1.61%) Manufacturing
9 35 (1.23%) Front Office
10 33 (1.16%) Electronics
11 27 (0.95%) Publishing
12 15 (0.53%) Financial Institution
13 14 (0.49%) Automotive
13 14 (0.49%) Billing
14 12 (0.42%) Investment Banking
15 9 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
16 7 (0.25%) Law
17 6 (0.21%) Corporate Banking
17 6 (0.21%) Legal
18 5 (0.18%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 2,480 (86.83%) Developer
2 823 (28.82%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 408 (14.29%) Senior Developer
4 365 (12.78%) .NET Developer
5 330 (11.55%) JavaScript Developer
6 303 (10.61%) Web Developer
7 291 (10.19%) Full Stack Developer
8 259 (9.07%) React Developer
9 246 (8.61%) PHP Developer
10 214 (7.49%) Software Developer
11 203 (7.11%) C# Developer
12 190 (6.65%) Angular Developer
13 167 (5.85%) C# .NET Developer
14 158 (5.53%) Senior Front-End Developer
15 141 (4.94%) Java Developer
16 135 (4.73%) Software Engineer
17 123 (4.31%) Lead Developer
18 115 (4.03%) HTML Developer
19 95 (3.33%) Junior
20 87 (3.05%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,856 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,764 (96.78%) HTML
3 2,633 (92.19%) HTML5
4 1,390 (48.67%) AngularJS
5 931 (32.60%) React
6 812 (28.43%) jQuery
7 764 (26.75%) .NET
8 638 (22.34%) Sass
9 607 (21.25%) Node.js
10 514 (18.00%) ASP.NET
11 455 (15.93%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 373 (13.06%) RESTful
13 329 (11.52%) Vue.js
14 313 (10.96%) REST
15 286 (10.01%) Web Services
16 271 (9.49%) Redux
17 264 (9.24%) ASP.NET MVC
18 263 (9.21%) JSON
19 249 (8.72%) LESS
20 224 (7.84%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 600 (21.01%) User Experience
2 212 (7.42%) Greenfield Project
3 136 (4.76%) Mobile App
4 85 (2.98%) Self-Motivation
5 76 (2.66%) Analytical Skills
6 72 (2.52%) Enterprise Software
7 64 (2.24%) Social Media
8 57 (2.00%) Data Structures
9 42 (1.47%) Blog
10 41 (1.44%) Algorithms
11 35 (1.23%) Hedge funds
12 32 (1.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 28 (0.98%) Cloud Native
14 26 (0.91%) Linux Command Line
15 25 (0.88%) Fixed Income
15 25 (0.88%) W3C
16 20 (0.70%) Life Science
16 20 (0.70%) Online Gambling
17 19 (0.67%) iPad
18 17 (0.60%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 221 (7.74%) Linux
2 119 (4.17%) Apple iOS
3 108 (3.78%) Android
4 64 (2.24%) Windows
5 59 (2.07%) Unix
6 22 (0.77%) Mac OS
7 5 (0.18%) Ubuntu
7 5 (0.18%) Windows Phone
7 5 (0.18%) Windows Server
8 4 (0.14%) AIX
8 4 (0.14%) Windows 10
9 3 (0.11%) ThreadX
9 3 (0.11%) Windows Phone 8
9 3 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (0.070%) VMS
11 1 (0.035%) CentOS
11 1 (0.035%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,414 (49.51%) Agile Software Development
2 1,015 (35.54%) Front End Development
3 729 (25.53%) MVC
4 657 (23.00%) Web Development
5 529 (18.52%) TDD
6 494 (17.30%) Scrum
7 375 (13.13%) Software Engineering
8 368 (12.89%) Responsive Web Design
9 354 (12.39%) OO
10 300 (10.50%) Unit Testing
11 274 (9.59%) Test Automation
12 268 (9.38%) BDD
13 254 (8.89%) Continuous Integration
14 235 (8.23%) DevOps
15 228 (7.98%) E-Commerce
15 228 (7.98%) Microservices
16 212 (7.42%) Problem-Solving
17 189 (6.62%) Computer Science
18 184 (6.44%) OOP
19 176 (6.16%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2,430 (85.08%) JavaScript
2 811 (28.40%) C#
3 600 (21.01%) PHP
4 489 (17.12%) SQL
5 478 (16.74%) Java
6 441 (15.44%) ES6
7 274 (9.59%) TypeScript
8 223 (7.81%) Python
9 117 (4.10%) T-SQL
10 76 (2.66%) Java 8
11 72 (2.52%) C++
11 72 (2.52%) ES7
12 58 (2.03%) Ruby
13 46 (1.61%) VB.NET
14 36 (1.26%) Scala
15 35 (1.23%) PHP 7
16 33 (1.16%) Bash Shell
17 32 (1.12%) PHP 5
18 31 (1.09%) C
19 26 (0.91%) R
Qualifications
1 316 (11.06%) Degree
2 72 (2.52%) Computer Science Degree
3 45 (1.58%) Security Cleared
4 41 (1.44%) HND
5 26 (0.91%) SC Cleared
6 15 (0.53%) DV Cleared
7 9 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
8 5 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
8 5 (0.18%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.14%) PhD
10 3 (0.11%) MCP
11 2 (0.070%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.070%) Numerate Degree
12 1 (0.035%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 126 (4.41%) QA
2 9 (0.32%) WCAG
3 5 (0.18%) GDPR
4 4 (0.14%) MiFID
5 3 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.11%) SLA
6 1 (0.035%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.035%) PMO
System Software
1 224 (7.84%) Docker
2 12 (0.42%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.25%) Varnish
3 7 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (0.21%) Firmware
5 4 (0.14%) KVM
6 3 (0.11%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.070%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.070%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 102 (3.57%) Kubernetes
2 25 (0.88%) Terraform
3 19 (0.67%) Kibana
4 18 (0.63%) logstash
5 13 (0.46%) Ansible
5 13 (0.46%) Opscode Chef
6 9 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
7 7 (0.25%) Puppet
8 6 (0.21%) Grafana
8 6 (0.21%) SCCM
9 5 (0.18%) Mesos
10 4 (0.14%) Consul
10 4 (0.14%) Packer
11 3 (0.11%) HP Quality Center
11 3 (0.11%) Single Sign-On
12 2 (0.070%) Hadoop YARN
13 1 (0.035%) Istio
13 1 (0.035%) Oozie
13 1 (0.035%) SCOM
13 1 (0.035%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 249 (8.72%) Microsoft
2 171 (5.99%) Google
3 104 (3.64%) Adobe
4 85 (2.98%) Oracle
5 46 (1.61%) SAP
6 37 (1.30%) Facebook
7 36 (1.26%) Zend
8 34 (1.19%) YouTube
9 30 (1.05%) Xamarin
10 22 (0.77%) WooCommerce
11 21 (0.74%) Rackspace
12 15 (0.53%) Apple
12 15 (0.53%) IBM
13 13 (0.46%) VMware
14 12 (0.42%) Sitecore
15 10 (0.35%) Sencha
16 9 (0.32%) PayPal
16 9 (0.32%) Twitter
17 8 (0.28%) Atlassian
17 8 (0.28%) Splunk