Period
to 25 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 25 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 168 189 180
Rank change year-on-year +21 -9 -61
Permanent jobs citing CSS3 2,108 1,457 2,873
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.00% 1.82% 1.99%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.77% 4.56% 5.25%
Number of salaries quoted 1,341 1,248 2,462
10th Percentile £30,750 £33,750 £29,000
25th Percentile £37,500 £41,250 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £52,500 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year - +10.53% -
75th Percentile £67,500 £71,250 £63,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £83,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 44,205 31,922 54,734
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.86% 39.85% 37.94%
Number of salaries quoted 29,529 26,523 45,380
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,750 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £91,250 £85,550
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS3.

Salary trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +22 1,888 £52,500 -1.87% 409
UK excluding London +10 1,177 £45,000 - 269
London +27 805 £65,000 -4.41% 152
Work from Home -34 431 £48,500 -3.00% 104
South East +10 314 £50,000 - 69
North of England +2 304 £40,000 -11.11% 91
Midlands +2 181 £45,500 +1.11% 45
South West +1 176 £44,000 +4.14% 31
North West -2 173 £40,000 -11.11% 51
West Midlands +14 122 £45,500 +1.11% 32
Yorkshire -2 106 £41,000 -1.20% 27
East of England -30 79 £50,000 +5.26% 18
Scotland -33 79 £47,500 +11.76% 9
East Midlands -34 59 £40,000 -20.00% 13
Wales +22 48 £38,000 -5.00% 4
North East -2 27 £35,000 -32.04% 13
Northern Ireland -26 6 - - 2

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, IT jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2,108 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,035 (96.54%) HTML
3 1,925 (91.32%) HTML5
4 1,909 (90.56%) JavaScript
5 822 (38.99%) Agile Software Development
6 775 (36.76%) React
7 680 (32.26%) C#
8 658 (31.21%) AngularJS
9 652 (30.93%) Git (software)
10 651 (30.88%) Front End Development
11 580 (27.51%) User Experience
12 551 (26.14%) SQL
13 522 (24.76%) Node.js
14 494 (23.43%) Web Development
15 472 (22.39%) .NET
16 471 (22.34%) PHP
17 463 (21.96%) Microsoft
18 439 (20.83%) TypeScript
19 434 (20.59%) Azure
20 422 (20.02%) Sass
21 391 (18.55%) OO
22 388 (18.41%) Java
23 382 (18.12%) MVC
24 375 (17.79%) jQuery
25 372 (17.65%) Software Engineering
26 366 (17.36%) TDD
27 322 (15.28%) Vue.js
28 320 (15.18%) Python
29 313 (14.85%) Social Skills
30 305 (14.47%) DevOps

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 214 (10.15%) CMS
2 96 (4.55%) WordPress
3 70 (3.32%) Elasticsearch
4 61 (2.89%) IIS
5 46 (2.18%) Kentico
6 44 (2.09%) Confluence
6 44 (2.09%) Headless CMS
7 41 (1.94%) Sitecore CMS
8 39 (1.85%) EPiServer
9 36 (1.71%) Umbraco
10 34 (1.61%) nginx
11 33 (1.57%) Apache
12 31 (1.47%) Drupal
13 15 (0.71%) JBoss
13 15 (0.71%) Tomcat
14 13 (0.62%) Apache Solr
15 12 (0.57%) NServiceBus
16 11 (0.52%) IBM Domino
17 9 (0.43%) MediaWiki
18 7 (0.33%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 50 (2.37%) Sketch
2 45 (2.13%) Photoshop
3 42 (1.99%) Figma
4 39 (1.85%) InVision
5 22 (1.04%) Adobe Illustrator
6 14 (0.66%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 13 (0.62%) Adobe XD
7 13 (0.62%) GIMP
8 12 (0.57%) UXPin
9 10 (0.47%) Zeplin
10 9 (0.43%) Chatbot
11 6 (0.28%) Adobe After Effects
11 6 (0.28%) InDesign
11 6 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 5 (0.24%) Inkscape
13 2 (0.095%) Microsoft Excel
13 2 (0.095%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 43 (2.04%) Shopify
2 41 (1.94%) Magento
3 6 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
3 6 (0.28%) WebTrends
4 5 (0.24%) OpenCart
4 5 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.047%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.047%) Maximo
5 1 (0.047%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.047%) nopCommerce
5 1 (0.047%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.047%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 434 (20.59%) Azure
2 297 (14.09%) AWS
3 159 (7.54%) npm
4 139 (6.59%) SaaS
5 102 (4.84%) GCP
6 86 (4.08%) GitHub
7 71 (3.37%) Serverless
8 62 (2.94%) Yarn
9 57 (2.70%) AWS Lambda
10 40 (1.90%) Amazon S3
11 32 (1.52%) Azure Functions
11 32 (1.52%) OpenShift
12 29 (1.38%) Amazon EC2
13 28 (1.33%) Cloud Functions
14 27 (1.28%) Firebase
15 18 (0.85%) Amazon Cognito
16 13 (0.62%) BrowserStack
17 12 (0.57%) Google Analytics
17 12 (0.57%) Power Platform
18 11 (0.52%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 42 (1.99%) HTTP
2 32 (1.52%) Internet
3 16 (0.76%) DNS
4 12 (0.57%) FTP
5 8 (0.38%) Broadband
6 7 (0.33%) Firewall
6 7 (0.33%) Reverse Proxy
7 6 (0.28%) Network Security
8 5 (0.24%) Skype
8 5 (0.24%) SSH
9 4 (0.19%) SSL
10 3 (0.14%) Wireshark
11 2 (0.095%) Ethernet
11 2 (0.095%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 287 (13.61%) SQL Server
2 251 (11.91%) MySQL
3 126 (5.98%) NoSQL
4 119 (5.65%) MongoDB
5 88 (4.17%) Relational Database
6 52 (2.47%) PostgreSQL
7 36 (1.71%) Big Data
8 27 (1.28%) SQL Server 2019
9 25 (1.19%) RDBMS
10 22 (1.04%) Hadoop
11 21 (1.00%) Redis
12 17 (0.81%) MariaDB
13 14 (0.66%) Azure SQL Database
14 12 (0.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 11 (0.52%) Power BI
16 10 (0.47%) Amazon RDS
16 10 (0.47%) Amazon Redshift
16 10 (0.47%) Data Warehouse
17 9 (0.43%) SQL Server 2012
17 9 (0.43%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 652 (30.93%) Git (software)
2 190 (9.01%) webpack
3 105 (4.98%) JIRA
4 99 (4.70%) Visual Studio
5 92 (4.36%) gulp
6 75 (3.56%) Storybook
7 72 (3.42%) Mocha
8 71 (3.37%) Cypress.io
8 71 (3.37%) Jenkins
9 70 (3.32%) Selenium
10 64 (3.04%) Jasmine
11 56 (2.66%) Subversion
12 55 (2.61%) Grunt
13 44 (2.09%) git-flow
13 44 (2.09%) TeamCity
14 42 (1.99%) Babel
14 42 (1.99%) PostCSS
15 32 (1.52%) Cucumber
15 32 (1.52%) Team Foundation Server
16 31 (1.47%) Eclipse
General
1 313 (14.85%) Social Skills
2 271 (12.86%) Finance
3 152 (7.21%) Marketing
4 145 (6.88%) Multimedia
5 126 (5.98%) Games
6 114 (5.41%) Retail
7 103 (4.89%) Banking
8 65 (3.08%) Public Sector
9 49 (2.32%) Advertising
10 47 (2.23%) Analytical Skills
11 45 (2.13%) Manufacturing
12 36 (1.71%) Publishing
13 34 (1.61%) Automotive
14 25 (1.19%) Legal
15 24 (1.14%) Telecoms
16 21 (1.00%) Organisational Skills
17 14 (0.66%) Investment Banking
17 14 (0.66%) Law
18 12 (0.57%) Financial Institution
19 8 (0.38%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 1,609 (76.33%) Developer
2 507 (24.05%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 349 (16.56%) Senior Developer
4 266 (12.62%) Web Developer
5 227 (10.77%) .NET Developer
6 226 (10.72%) Full Stack Developer
7 190 (9.01%) React Developer
8 163 (7.73%) PHP Developer
9 160 (7.59%) JavaScript Developer
10 158 (7.50%) Trainee
11 149 (7.07%) Senior Front-End Developer
12 145 (6.88%) Trainee Developer
12 145 (6.88%) Trainee Web Developer
13 121 (5.74%) C# Developer
14 116 (5.50%) Tester
15 111 (5.27%) Games Tester
15 111 (5.27%) Software Developer
15 111 (5.27%) Software Engineer
15 111 (5.27%) Software Tester
15 111 (5.27%) Trainee Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,108 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,035 (96.54%) HTML
3 1,925 (91.32%) HTML5
4 775 (36.76%) React
5 658 (31.21%) AngularJS
6 522 (24.76%) Node.js
7 472 (22.39%) .NET
8 422 (20.02%) Sass
9 375 (17.79%) jQuery
10 322 (15.28%) Vue.js
11 300 (14.23%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 285 (13.52%) .NET Core
13 259 (12.29%) RESTful
14 258 (12.24%) REST
15 217 (10.29%) Redux
16 214 (10.15%) ASP.NET
17 196 (9.30%) Web Services
18 192 (9.11%) JSON
19 189 (8.97%) Laravel
20 173 (8.21%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 580 (27.51%) User Experience
2 149 (7.07%) Mobile App
3 135 (6.40%) Data Structures
4 132 (6.26%) Greenfield Project
5 64 (3.04%) Self-Motivation
6 40 (1.90%) Cloud Native
7 37 (1.76%) W3C
8 32 (1.52%) Linux Command Line
9 28 (1.33%) Algorithms
10 27 (1.28%) Animation
10 27 (1.28%) Enterprise Software
10 27 (1.28%) Virtual Team
11 22 (1.04%) Blog
12 20 (0.95%) Cyberattack
13 18 (0.85%) Online Banking
14 16 (0.76%) Wiki
15 15 (0.71%) Social Media
16 11 (0.52%) Augmented Reality
16 11 (0.52%) Derivative
16 11 (0.52%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 136 (6.45%) Linux
2 92 (4.36%) Windows
3 85 (4.03%) Android
4 75 (3.56%) Apple iOS
5 32 (1.52%) Windows Server
6 17 (0.81%) CentOS
7 16 (0.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 13 (0.62%) Ubuntu
8 13 (0.62%) Unix
9 3 (0.14%) Tizen
9 3 (0.14%) webOS
10 2 (0.095%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.095%) Windows Phone
11 1 (0.047%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.047%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 822 (38.99%) Agile Software Development
2 651 (30.88%) Front End Development
3 494 (23.43%) Web Development
4 391 (18.55%) OO
5 382 (18.12%) MVC
6 372 (17.65%) Software Engineering
7 366 (17.36%) TDD
8 305 (14.47%) DevOps
9 271 (12.86%) Scrum
10 257 (12.19%) Continuous Integration
11 227 (10.77%) OOP
12 220 (10.44%) Microservices
13 209 (9.91%) Test Automation
14 202 (9.58%) Unit Testing
15 191 (9.06%) Problem-Solving
16 184 (8.73%) BDD
17 169 (8.02%) Responsive Web Design
18 163 (7.73%) E-Commerce
19 139 (6.59%) SDLC
20 128 (6.07%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,909 (90.56%) JavaScript
2 680 (32.26%) C#
3 551 (26.14%) SQL
4 471 (22.34%) PHP
5 439 (20.83%) TypeScript
6 388 (18.41%) Java
7 320 (15.18%) Python
8 263 (12.48%) ES6
9 138 (6.55%) Java 8
10 55 (2.61%) ES7
11 44 (2.09%) Kotlin
12 43 (2.04%) T-SQL
13 39 (1.85%) Go
14 30 (1.42%) Scala
14 30 (1.42%) VB.NET
15 28 (1.33%) C++
16 21 (1.00%) Bash Shell
17 20 (0.95%) C
18 19 (0.90%) Ruby
19 18 (0.85%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 160 (7.59%) Degree
2 111 (5.27%) CIW
2 111 (5.27%) OCA
2 111 (5.27%) OCP
2 111 (5.27%) Oracle Certification
3 52 (2.47%) Computer Science Degree
4 43 (2.04%) Security Cleared
5 37 (1.76%) SC Cleared
6 29 (1.38%) DV Cleared
7 26 (1.23%) Master's Degree
7 26 (1.23%) SANS
8 20 (0.95%) Microsoft Certification
9 12 (0.57%) Numerate Degree
10 8 (0.38%) PhD
11 3 (0.14%) BPSS Clearance
12 2 (0.095%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 157 (7.45%) Accessibility
2 113 (5.36%) QA
3 48 (2.28%) WCAG
4 14 (0.66%) GDPR
5 5 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.14%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.047%) SLA
System Software
1 295 (13.99%) Docker
2 6 (0.28%) Ceph
3 4 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
4 2 (0.095%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.095%) Varnish
5 1 (0.047%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 175 (8.30%) Kubernetes
2 46 (2.18%) Ansible
3 24 (1.14%) Terraform
4 17 (0.81%) Packer
5 16 (0.76%) Hadoop YARN
6 6 (0.28%) Galera Cluster
7 5 (0.24%) Rancher
8 4 (0.19%) HAProxy
8 4 (0.19%) Puppet
8 4 (0.19%) vRealize
9 2 (0.095%) Istio
9 2 (0.095%) MIIS
9 2 (0.095%) ZABBIX
10 1 (0.047%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 463 (21.96%) Microsoft
2 151 (7.16%) Oracle
3 98 (4.65%) Google
4 61 (2.89%) Adobe
5 47 (2.23%) Sitecore
6 32 (1.52%) Zend
7 28 (1.33%) Atlassian
8 26 (1.23%) VMware
9 22 (1.04%) Apple
9 22 (1.04%) Xamarin
10 21 (1.00%) Telerik
11 19 (0.90%) Salesforce.com
12 16 (0.76%) SAP
13 14 (0.66%) Sencha
14 13 (0.62%) Sage
15 10 (0.47%) WooCommerce
16 8 (0.38%) Blue Prism
16 8 (0.38%) Elastic Path
17 7 (0.33%) Guidewire
17 7 (0.33%) hybris