Period
to 21 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 21 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
21 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 191 127 106
Rank change year-on-year -64 -21 -24
Permanent jobs citing CSS3 2,469 4,299 5,644
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.81% 2.64% 3.12%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.77% 6.62% 7.77%
Number of salaries quoted 2,073 3,625 5,051
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.56%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 51,761 64,946 72,674
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.03% 39.82% 40.14%
Number of salaries quoted 42,775 53,616 60,418
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £83,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS3.

Salary trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 21 November 2019.

Salary histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 21 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -63 2,267 £50,000 - 598
UK excluding London -64 1,416 £45,000 +5.88% 476
London -65 1,001 £65,000 +8.33% 182
South East -71 440 £48,500 +7.78% 99
North of England -86 274 £45,000 +5.88% 124
Midlands -19 238 £42,500 +6.25% 76
South West -7 199 £45,000 +5.88% 65
North West -57 182 £45,000 - 79
West Midlands -22 133 £42,500 +6.25% 38
Scotland +2 117 £42,500 -8.60% 39
East Midlands -19 105 £42,500 +6.25% 38
East of England -6 103 £42,500 - 53
Yorkshire -93 73 £40,000 +6.67% 35
Wales -16 34 £40,000 - 20
North East -1 19 £45,000 +3.45% 10
Northern Ireland +11 10 £47,500 +13.10% 1
Isle of Man - 1 £55,000 -

For the 6 months to 21 November 2019, IT jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2,469 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,416 (97.85%) HTML
3 2,302 (93.24%) HTML5
4 2,213 (89.63%) JavaScript
5 1,143 (46.29%) Agile Software Development
6 1,120 (45.36%) AngularJS
7 855 (34.63%) Front End Development
8 840 (34.02%) React
9 760 (30.78%) C#
10 688 (27.87%) Git (software)
11 672 (27.22%) .NET
12 661 (26.77%) jQuery
13 606 (24.54%) Sass
14 580 (23.49%) Web Development
15 579 (23.45%) User Experience
16 560 (22.68%) MVC
17 503 (20.37%) Node.js
18 451 (18.27%) SQL Server
19 434 (17.58%) ASP.NET
20 417 (16.89%) TDD
21 409 (16.57%) ES6
22 406 (16.44%) Scrum
23 403 (16.32%) PHP
24 395 (16.00%) TypeScript
25 387 (15.67%) Twitter Bootstrap
25 387 (15.67%) Finance
26 382 (15.47%) Degree
27 355 (14.38%) SQL
28 340 (13.77%) Software Engineering
29 331 (13.41%) REST

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 166 (6.72%) CMS
2 139 (5.63%) WordPress
3 46 (1.86%) Elasticsearch
4 40 (1.62%) Umbraco
5 36 (1.46%) Drupal
6 35 (1.42%) Confluence
6 35 (1.42%) SharePoint
7 31 (1.26%) EPiServer
8 29 (1.17%) Apache
9 25 (1.01%) Headless CMS
9 25 (1.01%) nginx
10 21 (0.85%) IIS
10 21 (0.85%) Tomcat
11 7 (0.28%) Sitecore CMS
12 6 (0.24%) Apache Spark
12 6 (0.24%) JBoss
12 6 (0.24%) OpenStack
12 6 (0.24%) WebSphere
13 5 (0.20%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 4 (0.16%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 124 (5.02%) Photoshop
2 63 (2.55%) Adobe Illustrator
3 59 (2.39%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 50 (2.03%) Sketch
5 46 (1.86%) Adobe XD
6 19 (0.77%) InVision
7 14 (0.57%) Zeplin
8 11 (0.45%) InDesign
9 10 (0.41%) MS Visio
10 9 (0.36%) Fireworks
11 8 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
12 4 (0.16%) GIMP
13 3 (0.12%) Adobe After Effects
13 3 (0.12%) Adobe Premiere
14 2 (0.081%) Acrobat
14 2 (0.081%) Microsoft Excel
14 2 (0.081%) Microsoft Project
15 1 (0.041%) AutoCAD
15 1 (0.041%) InfoPath
15 1 (0.041%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 55 (2.23%) Magento
2 9 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.20%) Shopify
4 3 (0.12%) WebTrends
5 2 (0.081%) Epicor Tropos
5 2 (0.081%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.081%) Odoo
6 1 (0.041%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.041%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 297 (12.03%) Azure
2 256 (10.37%) AWS
3 144 (5.83%) npm
4 121 (4.90%) SaaS
5 87 (3.52%) Serverless
6 86 (3.48%) GitHub
7 70 (2.84%) AWS Lambda
8 69 (2.79%) GCP
9 46 (1.86%) Amazon EC2
10 37 (1.50%) Amazon ECS
11 36 (1.46%) Yarn
12 19 (0.77%) Amazon S3
12 19 (0.77%) Power Platform
13 18 (0.73%) Amazon SQS
14 17 (0.69%) Google Analytics
15 16 (0.65%) CloudFront
16 14 (0.57%) Cloud Computing
17 13 (0.53%) Azure Functions
17 13 (0.53%) Dynamics 365
17 13 (0.53%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 71 (2.88%) Internet
2 34 (1.38%) HTTP
3 10 (0.41%) DAB
4 9 (0.36%) Intranet
5 7 (0.28%) SSH
6 6 (0.24%) DNS
7 5 (0.20%) Firewall
8 3 (0.12%) SSL
9 2 (0.081%) Extranet
9 2 (0.081%) HTTPS
9 2 (0.081%) Wi-Fi
10 1 (0.041%) FTP
10 1 (0.041%) SAN
10 1 (0.041%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 451 (18.27%) SQL Server
2 307 (12.43%) MySQL
3 133 (5.39%) MongoDB
4 117 (4.74%) Relational Database
5 105 (4.25%) NoSQL
6 60 (2.43%) SQL Server 2016
7 59 (2.39%) Redis
8 52 (2.11%) SQL Server 2012
9 49 (1.98%) RavenDB
10 44 (1.78%) PostgreSQL
11 40 (1.62%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 37 (1.50%) RDBMS
13 32 (1.30%) Big Data
14 19 (0.77%) Blockchain
15 17 (0.69%) Data Warehouse
16 15 (0.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 14 (0.57%) Amazon RDS
17 14 (0.57%) MariaDB
17 14 (0.57%) Power BI
18 11 (0.45%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 688 (27.87%) Git (software)
2 278 (11.26%) webpack
3 211 (8.55%) gulp
4 178 (7.21%) Grunt
5 122 (4.94%) Jenkins
6 114 (4.62%) Jasmine
7 107 (4.33%) JIRA
8 103 (4.17%) Subversion
9 101 (4.09%) Visual Studio
10 98 (3.97%) Team Foundation Server
11 75 (3.04%) Selenium
12 69 (2.79%) Bitbucket
13 60 (2.43%) Mocha
14 56 (2.27%) Karma Test Runner
15 52 (2.11%) GitLab
16 43 (1.74%) Sinon.JS
17 42 (1.70%) Protractor
18 40 (1.62%) Octopus Deploy
19 36 (1.46%) Artifactory
20 35 (1.42%) TeamCity
General
1 387 (15.67%) Finance
2 201 (8.14%) Marketing
3 179 (7.25%) Retail
4 94 (3.81%) Games
5 76 (3.08%) Advertising
6 74 (3.00%) Banking
7 63 (2.55%) Manufacturing
8 29 (1.17%) Public Sector
9 16 (0.65%) Automotive
9 16 (0.65%) Legal
10 15 (0.61%) Telecoms
11 14 (0.57%) Electronics
11 14 (0.57%) Front Office
11 14 (0.57%) Investment Banking
12 13 (0.53%) Publishing
13 12 (0.49%) Law
14 10 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
15 8 (0.32%) Billing
16 7 (0.28%) Financial Institution
17 6 (0.24%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 2,073 (83.96%) Developer
2 755 (30.58%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 453 (18.35%) Senior Developer
4 320 (12.96%) JavaScript Developer
5 292 (11.83%) React Developer
6 275 (11.14%) .NET Developer
7 249 (10.09%) Web Developer
8 220 (8.91%) Full Stack Developer
9 207 (8.38%) PHP Developer
10 199 (8.06%) C# Developer
11 183 (7.41%) Senior Front-End Developer
12 176 (7.13%) UI Developer
13 167 (6.76%) Software Developer
14 141 (5.71%) HTML Developer
15 119 (4.82%) Angular Developer
16 118 (4.78%) C# .NET Developer
17 110 (4.46%) HTML CSS Developer
18 108 (4.37%) Lead Developer
19 103 (4.17%) Software Engineer
20 80 (3.24%) Senior React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,469 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,416 (97.85%) HTML
3 2,302 (93.24%) HTML5
4 1,120 (45.36%) AngularJS
5 840 (34.02%) React
6 672 (27.22%) .NET
7 661 (26.77%) jQuery
8 606 (24.54%) Sass
9 503 (20.37%) Node.js
10 434 (17.58%) ASP.NET
11 387 (15.67%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 331 (13.41%) REST
13 306 (12.39%) Vue.js
14 299 (12.11%) Redux
15 293 (11.87%) RESTful
16 270 (10.94%) LESS
17 266 (10.77%) Web Services
18 245 (9.92%) ASP.NET MVC
19 229 (9.28%) JSON
20 201 (8.14%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 579 (23.45%) User Experience
2 165 (6.68%) Greenfield Project
3 156 (6.32%) Mobile App
4 107 (4.33%) Analytical Skills
4 107 (4.33%) Self-Motivation
5 71 (2.88%) Algorithms
6 66 (2.67%) Enterprise Software
7 54 (2.19%) Data Structures
8 40 (1.62%) Hedge funds
9 39 (1.58%) Social Media
10 33 (1.34%) W3C
11 32 (1.30%) Online Gambling
12 29 (1.17%) Animation
12 29 (1.17%) iPad
13 24 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
14 21 (0.85%) Blog
14 21 (0.85%) Cloud Native
15 18 (0.73%) Management Information System
16 16 (0.65%) Graphic Design
17 13 (0.53%) Online Banking
Operating Systems
1 119 (4.82%) Linux
2 88 (3.56%) Android
3 74 (3.00%) Apple iOS
4 63 (2.55%) Windows
5 27 (1.09%) Unix
6 9 (0.36%) Mac OS
6 9 (0.36%) Windows Phone
7 8 (0.32%) Windows 7
7 8 (0.32%) Windows 8
8 6 (0.24%) Windows Phone 8
9 5 (0.20%) Mac OS X
9 5 (0.20%) Ubuntu
9 5 (0.20%) Windows Server
10 4 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 4 (0.16%) Windows 10
11 3 (0.12%) AIX
11 3 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (0.081%) tvOS
12 2 (0.081%) VMS
13 1 (0.041%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,143 (46.29%) Agile Software Development
2 855 (34.63%) Front End Development
3 580 (23.49%) Web Development
4 560 (22.68%) MVC
5 417 (16.89%) TDD
6 406 (16.44%) Scrum
7 340 (13.77%) Software Engineering
8 330 (13.37%) OO
9 291 (11.79%) Problem-Solving
10 269 (10.90%) Continuous Integration
11 266 (10.77%) DevOps
12 262 (10.61%) Unit Testing
13 260 (10.53%) Responsive Web Design
14 259 (10.49%) Computer Science
15 221 (8.95%) BDD
16 212 (8.59%) E-Commerce
17 195 (7.90%) Microservices
18 186 (7.53%) OOP
19 172 (6.97%) Web Design
20 168 (6.80%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,213 (89.63%) JavaScript
2 760 (30.78%) C#
3 409 (16.57%) ES6
4 403 (16.32%) PHP
5 395 (16.00%) TypeScript
6 355 (14.38%) SQL
7 307 (12.43%) Java
8 172 (6.97%) Python
9 89 (3.60%) T-SQL
10 65 (2.63%) ES7
11 59 (2.39%) Java 8
12 51 (2.07%) VB.NET
13 40 (1.62%) C++
14 39 (1.58%) Ruby
15 35 (1.42%) Go
16 29 (1.17%) PHP 7
17 24 (0.97%) PHP 5
17 24 (0.97%) VB
18 22 (0.89%) PL/SQL
19 21 (0.85%) C
Qualifications
1 382 (15.47%) Degree
2 112 (4.54%) Computer Science Degree
3 21 (0.85%) Microsoft Certification
3 21 (0.85%) Security Cleared
4 18 (0.73%) Master's Degree
5 13 (0.53%) DV Cleared
6 12 (0.49%) MCAD
6 12 (0.49%) MCP
6 12 (0.49%) MCPD
6 12 (0.49%) MCTS
7 11 (0.45%) CIW
8 7 (0.28%) OCA
8 7 (0.28%) Oracle Certification
9 6 (0.24%) SC Cleared
10 4 (0.16%) MCSA
10 4 (0.16%) MCSE
11 2 (0.081%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.081%) HND
12 1 (0.041%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 1 (0.041%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 137 (5.55%) QA
2 20 (0.81%) GDPR
2 20 (0.81%) WCAG
3 11 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 8 (0.32%) WAI
5 1 (0.041%) Cyber Essentials
5 1 (0.041%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 208 (8.42%) Docker
2 5 (0.20%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.16%) Varnish
4 3 (0.12%) Hyper-V
4 3 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.081%) Firmware
5 2 (0.081%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.041%) Shibboleth
6 1 (0.041%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 77 (3.12%) Kubernetes
2 41 (1.66%) Terraform
3 12 (0.49%) Ansible
3 12 (0.49%) SCCM
4 5 (0.20%) logstash
4 5 (0.20%) Opscode Chef
4 5 (0.20%) Puppet
4 5 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
5 4 (0.16%) Kibana
5 4 (0.16%) Nagios
5 4 (0.16%) Prometheus
5 4 (0.16%) ZABBIX
6 3 (0.12%) cPanel
6 3 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
7 2 (0.081%) Grafana
7 2 (0.081%) Plesk
8 1 (0.041%) Istio
Vendors
1 309 (12.52%) Microsoft
2 120 (4.86%) Adobe
3 84 (3.40%) Oracle
4 82 (3.32%) Google
5 45 (1.82%) Xamarin
6 32 (1.30%) Facebook
6 32 (1.30%) YouTube
7 18 (0.73%) IBM
8 16 (0.65%) Apple
8 16 (0.65%) Sitecore
9 15 (0.61%) SAP
9 15 (0.61%) Zend
10 14 (0.57%) Cypress Semiconductor
11 11 (0.45%) WooCommerce
12 8 (0.32%) HubSpot
13 6 (0.24%) ATG
14 5 (0.20%) New Relic
14 5 (0.20%) Red Hat
14 5 (0.20%) Remedy
14 5 (0.20%) Splunk