Period
to 15 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 15 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
15 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 198 121 100
Rank change year-on-year -77 -21 -20
Permanent jobs citing CSS3 2,543 4,520 5,705
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.82% 2.71% 3.22%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.86% 6.77% 7.98%
Number of salaries quoted 2,208 3,886 5,106
UK median annual salary £49,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.21% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,875 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 52,296 66,791 71,507
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 37.37% 40.04% 40.30%
Number of salaries quoted 42,881 55,342 59,140
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £32,250 £31,250 £29,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS3.

Salary trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 15 September 2019.

Salary histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 15 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -80 2,306 £50,000 - 618
UK excluding London -64 1,485 £45,000 +5.88% 493
London -62 991 £62,500 +4.17% 189
South East -89 419 £45,000 - 87
North of England -93 302 £44,000 +3.53% 137
Midlands -21 241 £42,500 +6.25% 86
South West -22 219 £45,000 +5.88% 71
North West -70 181 £45,000 -5.26% 87
West Midlands -12 150 £42,500 +6.25% 38
Scotland +34 146 £42,500 +6.25% 42
East of England -13 117 £45,000 +5.88% 48
Yorkshire -88 92 £40,000 +6.67% 40
East Midlands -14 91 £45,000 +20.00% 48
North East -3 29 £47,500 +5.56% 10
Wales -8 25 £40,000 -5.88% 20
Northern Ireland -3 14 £47,500 -9.52%
Channel Islands - 1 - -
Isle of Man - 1 £55,000 - 2

For the 6 months to 15 September 2019, IT jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2,543 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,475 (97.33%) HTML
3 2,363 (92.92%) HTML5
4 2,236 (87.93%) JavaScript
5 1,213 (47.70%) Agile Software Development
6 1,170 (46.01%) AngularJS
7 898 (35.31%) Front End Development
8 839 (32.99%) React
9 791 (31.10%) Git (software)
10 714 (28.08%) C#
11 681 (26.78%) jQuery
12 640 (25.17%) .NET
13 595 (23.40%) Web Development
14 590 (23.20%) User Experience
15 586 (23.04%) Sass
16 567 (22.30%) MVC
17 492 (19.35%) Node.js
18 479 (18.84%) TDD
19 456 (17.93%) PHP
20 431 (16.95%) Scrum
21 419 (16.48%) ASP.NET
22 404 (15.89%) Twitter Bootstrap
23 395 (15.53%) SQL
24 394 (15.49%) ES6
25 380 (14.94%) SQL Server
26 378 (14.86%) Java
27 368 (14.47%) Finance
28 356 (14.00%) MySQL
29 344 (13.53%) TypeScript
30 337 (13.25%) OO

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 141 (5.54%) CMS
2 136 (5.35%) WordPress
3 48 (1.89%) Umbraco
4 46 (1.81%) Elasticsearch
5 45 (1.77%) Drupal
6 37 (1.45%) Apache
7 32 (1.26%) nginx
8 31 (1.22%) JBoss
9 30 (1.18%) Confluence
10 24 (0.94%) Tomcat
11 22 (0.87%) EPiServer
12 19 (0.75%) IIS
13 18 (0.71%) Headless CMS
14 15 (0.59%) SharePoint
15 14 (0.55%) WebSphere
16 13 (0.51%) Apache Spark
17 11 (0.43%) WebLogic
18 9 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 8 (0.31%) lighttpd
20 6 (0.24%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 138 (5.43%) Photoshop
2 59 (2.32%) Adobe Illustrator
3 52 (2.04%) Sketch
4 51 (2.01%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 42 (1.65%) Adobe XD
6 14 (0.55%) InVision
7 11 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
8 10 (0.39%) Zeplin
9 9 (0.35%) InDesign
9 9 (0.35%) Microsoft Excel
10 8 (0.31%) Fireworks
10 8 (0.31%) OmniGraffle
11 7 (0.28%) GIMP
11 7 (0.28%) MS Visio
12 4 (0.16%) Moqups
13 3 (0.12%) Adobe After Effects
13 3 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 2 (0.079%) Adobe Premiere
14 2 (0.079%) Marvel
14 2 (0.079%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 79 (3.11%) Magento
2 15 (0.59%) Shopify
3 4 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.12%) WebTrends
5 2 (0.079%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.079%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.039%) Odoo
6 1 (0.039%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 261 (10.26%) AWS
2 260 (10.22%) Azure
3 131 (5.15%) npm
4 112 (4.40%) SaaS
5 91 (3.58%) Serverless
6 87 (3.42%) GitHub
7 83 (3.26%) GCP
8 65 (2.56%) AWS Lambda
9 41 (1.61%) Amazon EC2
10 33 (1.30%) Amazon ECS
11 32 (1.26%) Yarn
12 22 (0.87%) Google Analytics
13 19 (0.75%) Amazon SQS
14 18 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
14 18 (0.71%) CloudFront
15 16 (0.63%) Azure Functions
15 16 (0.63%) PaaS
16 15 (0.59%) Firebase
17 14 (0.55%) Adobe Creative Cloud
18 12 (0.47%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 64 (2.52%) Internet
2 41 (1.61%) HTTP
3 10 (0.39%) Intranet
4 8 (0.31%) Broadband
5 6 (0.24%) DAB
5 6 (0.24%) Firewall
6 4 (0.16%) RTMP
6 4 (0.16%) SSL
7 3 (0.12%) Network Security
7 3 (0.12%) SSH
8 2 (0.079%) Extranet
8 2 (0.079%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.039%) FTP
9 1 (0.039%) Skype
9 1 (0.039%) SMS
9 1 (0.039%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 380 (14.94%) SQL Server
2 356 (14.00%) MySQL
3 137 (5.39%) MongoDB
4 125 (4.92%) NoSQL
5 100 (3.93%) Relational Database
6 66 (2.60%) Redis
7 54 (2.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 45 (1.77%) Big Data
9 44 (1.73%) SQL Server 2012
10 43 (1.69%) PostgreSQL
11 42 (1.65%) SQL Server 2016
12 28 (1.10%) RavenDB
12 28 (1.10%) RDBMS
13 24 (0.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 23 (0.90%) SQL Server 2008
15 21 (0.83%) Blockchain
16 19 (0.75%) Amazon Aurora
17 17 (0.67%) Hadoop
18 14 (0.55%) SQLite
19 11 (0.43%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 791 (31.10%) Git (software)
2 242 (9.52%) webpack
3 190 (7.47%) gulp
4 165 (6.49%) Grunt
5 131 (5.15%) Jenkins
6 119 (4.68%) Subversion
7 114 (4.48%) Jasmine
8 112 (4.40%) JIRA
9 100 (3.93%) Selenium
10 91 (3.58%) Team Foundation Server
11 74 (2.91%) Visual Studio
12 63 (2.48%) Mocha
13 60 (2.36%) Karma Test Runner
14 56 (2.20%) Bitbucket
15 46 (1.81%) Protractor
16 39 (1.53%) GitLab
16 39 (1.53%) Maven
16 39 (1.53%) Sinon.JS
17 37 (1.45%) Babel
18 33 (1.30%) TeamCity
General
1 368 (14.47%) Finance
2 206 (8.10%) Marketing
3 162 (6.37%) Retail
4 98 (3.85%) Games
5 80 (3.15%) Banking
6 72 (2.83%) Advertising
7 53 (2.08%) Manufacturing
8 52 (2.04%) Public Sector
9 33 (1.30%) Telecoms
10 22 (0.87%) Electronics
11 20 (0.79%) Investment Banking
12 18 (0.71%) Front Office
13 17 (0.67%) Law
14 16 (0.63%) Publishing
15 15 (0.59%) Financial Institution
15 15 (0.59%) Legal
15 15 (0.59%) Pharmaceutical
16 9 (0.35%) Automotive
17 8 (0.31%) Billing
17 8 (0.31%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 2,124 (83.52%) Developer
2 751 (29.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 425 (16.71%) Senior Developer
4 292 (11.48%) JavaScript Developer
5 248 (9.75%) Web Developer
6 245 (9.63%) React Developer
7 244 (9.59%) .NET Developer
8 234 (9.20%) PHP Developer
9 219 (8.61%) Full Stack Developer
10 182 (7.16%) C# Developer
11 176 (6.92%) Software Developer
12 169 (6.65%) Senior Front-End Developer
13 151 (5.94%) Angular Developer
14 138 (5.43%) UI Developer
15 126 (4.95%) HTML Developer
16 125 (4.92%) C# .NET Developer
17 111 (4.36%) Software Engineer
18 97 (3.81%) Lead Developer
19 93 (3.66%) Java Developer
20 85 (3.34%) Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,543 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,475 (97.33%) HTML
3 2,363 (92.92%) HTML5
4 1,170 (46.01%) AngularJS
5 839 (32.99%) React
6 681 (26.78%) jQuery
7 640 (25.17%) .NET
8 586 (23.04%) Sass
9 492 (19.35%) Node.js
10 419 (16.48%) ASP.NET
11 404 (15.89%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 325 (12.78%) REST
13 308 (12.11%) RESTful
14 285 (11.21%) Vue.js
15 283 (11.13%) Redux
16 269 (10.58%) LESS
17 268 (10.54%) Web Services
18 251 (9.87%) JSON
19 207 (8.14%) ASP.NET MVC
20 201 (7.90%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 590 (23.20%) User Experience
2 162 (6.37%) Mobile App
3 140 (5.51%) Greenfield Project
4 83 (3.26%) Self-Motivation
5 76 (2.99%) Analytical Skills
6 62 (2.44%) Data Structures
7 61 (2.40%) Algorithms
7 61 (2.40%) Enterprise Software
8 48 (1.89%) Social Media
9 36 (1.42%) Online Gambling
10 34 (1.34%) Hedge funds
11 33 (1.30%) W3C
12 26 (1.02%) iPad
13 23 (0.90%) Linux Command Line
14 22 (0.87%) Animation
15 20 (0.79%) Cloud Native
16 19 (0.75%) Blog
17 18 (0.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 17 (0.67%) Life Science
19 15 (0.59%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 154 (6.06%) Linux
2 86 (3.38%) Apple iOS
3 82 (3.22%) Android
4 48 (1.89%) Windows
5 47 (1.85%) Unix
6 14 (0.55%) Mac OS
7 7 (0.28%) AIX
8 6 (0.24%) Windows Phone
8 6 (0.24%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.20%) Mac OS X
9 5 (0.20%) Windows 7
9 5 (0.20%) Windows 8
9 5 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
10 4 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 4 (0.16%) Windows Phone 8
11 3 (0.12%) ThreadX
12 2 (0.079%) tvOS
12 2 (0.079%) VMS
13 1 (0.039%) Debian
13 1 (0.039%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,213 (47.70%) Agile Software Development
2 898 (35.31%) Front End Development
3 595 (23.40%) Web Development
4 567 (22.30%) MVC
5 479 (18.84%) TDD
6 431 (16.95%) Scrum
7 337 (13.25%) OO
8 332 (13.06%) Software Engineering
9 312 (12.27%) Responsive Web Design
10 289 (11.36%) Unit Testing
11 276 (10.85%) Continuous Integration
12 275 (10.81%) DevOps
13 249 (9.79%) Problem-Solving
14 237 (9.32%) BDD
15 220 (8.65%) E-Commerce
16 197 (7.75%) Microservices
17 191 (7.51%) Computer Science
18 188 (7.39%) OOP
19 186 (7.31%) Test Automation
20 173 (6.80%) Web Design
Programming Languages
1 2,236 (87.93%) JavaScript
2 714 (28.08%) C#
3 456 (17.93%) PHP
4 395 (15.53%) SQL
5 394 (15.49%) ES6
6 378 (14.86%) Java
7 344 (13.53%) TypeScript
8 148 (5.82%) Python
9 106 (4.17%) T-SQL
10 55 (2.16%) ES7
11 53 (2.08%) Java 8
12 50 (1.97%) Ruby
13 44 (1.73%) C++
14 43 (1.69%) VB.NET
15 36 (1.42%) PHP 7
16 34 (1.34%) PHP 5
17 31 (1.22%) Go
18 24 (0.94%) Scala
19 22 (0.87%) C
20 21 (0.83%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 298 (11.72%) Degree
2 86 (3.38%) Computer Science Degree
3 44 (1.73%) Security Cleared
4 22 (0.87%) DV Cleared
5 20 (0.79%) SC Cleared
6 12 (0.47%) HND
7 9 (0.35%) Microsoft Certification
8 6 (0.24%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.16%) DBS Check
9 4 (0.16%) MCSA
9 4 (0.16%) MCSE
10 2 (0.079%) MCAD
10 2 (0.079%) MCP
10 2 (0.079%) MCPD
10 2 (0.079%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 128 (5.03%) QA
2 9 (0.35%) GDPR
2 9 (0.35%) WCAG
3 2 (0.079%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (0.079%) SLA
3 2 (0.079%) WAI
4 1 (0.039%) Cyber Essentials
4 1 (0.039%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 196 (7.71%) Docker
2 8 (0.31%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.16%) KVM
5 2 (0.079%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.079%) Varnish
5 2 (0.079%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.039%) Firmware
6 1 (0.039%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.039%) Shibboleth
Systems Management
1 97 (3.81%) Kubernetes
2 42 (1.65%) Terraform
3 11 (0.43%) SCCM
4 9 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
5 8 (0.31%) Ansible
6 7 (0.28%) Grafana
7 6 (0.24%) logstash
7 6 (0.24%) Puppet
8 5 (0.20%) Kibana
9 4 (0.16%) Consul
9 4 (0.16%) Nagios
9 4 (0.16%) Packer
9 4 (0.16%) Prometheus
9 4 (0.16%) ZABBIX
10 3 (0.12%) Opscode Chef
11 2 (0.079%) Istio
11 2 (0.079%) Single Sign-On
12 1 (0.039%) cPanel
12 1 (0.039%) SCOM
12 1 (0.039%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 244 (9.59%) Microsoft
2 121 (4.76%) Adobe
3 102 (4.01%) Google
4 76 (2.99%) Oracle
5 29 (1.14%) Facebook
6 27 (1.06%) Xamarin
7 26 (1.02%) YouTube
8 24 (0.94%) SAP
8 24 (0.94%) Zend
9 18 (0.71%) IBM
10 15 (0.59%) Apple
11 14 (0.55%) Sitecore
11 14 (0.55%) WooCommerce
12 11 (0.43%) Cypress Semiconductor
13 8 (0.31%) HubSpot
14 7 (0.28%) JD Edwards
14 7 (0.28%) Twitter
15 6 (0.24%) PayPal
15 6 (0.24%) VMware
16 5 (0.20%) MuleSoft