Period
to 11 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 11 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 163 182 158
Rank change year-on-year +19 -24 -51
Permanent jobs citing CSS3 1,678 2,144 3,307
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.03% 1.89% 2.22%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 5.04% 4.79% 5.67%
Number of salaries quoted 1,227 1,787 2,764
10th Percentile £30,750 £33,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £37,125 £41,250 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £52,500 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year -4.76% +10.53% +5.56%
75th Percentile £65,000 £72,500 £63,750
90th Percentile £79,250 £85,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year -5.26% +11.76% +6.25%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,326 44,751 58,300
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.24% 39.40% 39.17%
Number of salaries quoted 26,874 37,162 48,267
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.27%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS3.

Salary trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +21 1,491 £50,000 -9.09% 368
UK excluding London +33 1,061 £45,000 -5.26% 254
London -1 533 £65,000 -7.14% 136
Work from Home -11 337 £45,000 -10.00% 90
North of England +55 321 £42,000 -6.67% 82
South East +2 227 £50,000 - 48
North West +41 186 £40,000 -15.79% 43
Midlands +30 184 £45,500 +1.11% 53
South West -12 141 £45,000 +12.50% 30
West Midlands +73 109 £45,500 +1.11% 30
Yorkshire +50 107 £42,500 +4.29% 26
Scotland +2 92 £47,250 +7.39% 9
East Midlands -7 75 £45,000 -5.26% 23
East of England +3 58 £41,000 -13.68% 19
Wales +38 39 £35,000 -6.67% 9
North East +28 30 £35,000 -32.04% 13
Northern Ireland +6 5 £35,000 -30.00% 4

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, IT jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 1,678 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,624 (96.78%) HTML
3 1,581 (94.22%) HTML5
4 1,508 (89.87%) JavaScript
5 632 (37.66%) Agile Software Development
6 598 (35.64%) C#
7 595 (35.46%) React
8 539 (32.12%) AngularJS
9 502 (29.92%) Git (software)
10 483 (28.78%) Front End Development
11 442 (26.34%) SQL
12 441 (26.28%) Node.js
13 433 (25.80%) PHP
14 399 (23.78%) User Experience
15 388 (23.12%) .NET
16 377 (22.47%) OO
17 357 (21.28%) Web Development
18 348 (20.74%) MVC
19 345 (20.56%) jQuery
20 342 (20.38%) Java
21 338 (20.14%) Microsoft
21 338 (20.14%) Sass
22 311 (18.53%) Software Engineering
23 310 (18.47%) Azure
24 307 (18.30%) TypeScript
25 290 (17.28%) TDD
26 278 (16.57%) Python
27 247 (14.72%) Vue.js
28 242 (14.42%) Twitter Bootstrap
29 236 (14.06%) SQL Server

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 137 (8.16%) CMS
2 84 (5.01%) WordPress
3 52 (3.10%) Elasticsearch
4 37 (2.21%) Confluence
5 36 (2.15%) Sitecore CMS
6 26 (1.55%) Drupal
7 16 (0.95%) IIS
8 14 (0.83%) EPiServer
8 14 (0.83%) JBoss
9 13 (0.77%) Apache
10 12 (0.72%) nginx
10 12 (0.72%) Umbraco
11 11 (0.66%) Headless CMS
12 10 (0.60%) Tomcat
13 9 (0.54%) Kentico
14 8 (0.48%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 8 (0.48%) Apache Solr
14 8 (0.48%) NServiceBus
15 7 (0.42%) WebLogic
16 4 (0.24%) WildFly
Applications
1 50 (2.98%) Sketch
2 43 (2.56%) InVision
2 43 (2.56%) Photoshop
3 36 (2.15%) Figma
4 25 (1.49%) Adobe Illustrator
5 17 (1.01%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 15 (0.89%) Adobe XD
7 8 (0.48%) Chatbot
8 7 (0.42%) UXPin
9 6 (0.36%) GIMP
10 5 (0.30%) Adobe After Effects
11 4 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 4 (0.24%) Zeplin
12 3 (0.18%) Inkscape
13 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
13 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
14 1 (0.060%) Marvel
Business Applications
1 54 (3.22%) Magento
2 47 (2.80%) Shopify
3 24 (1.43%) OpenCart
4 4 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
5 3 (0.18%) NetSuite
5 3 (0.18%) nopCommerce
6 1 (0.060%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 310 (18.47%) Azure
2 215 (12.81%) AWS
3 109 (6.50%) SaaS
4 108 (6.44%) npm
5 85 (5.07%) GCP
6 77 (4.59%) Serverless
7 59 (3.52%) AWS Lambda
8 43 (2.56%) Yarn
9 37 (2.21%) GitHub
10 36 (2.15%) Azure Functions
11 30 (1.79%) Cloud Functions
12 29 (1.73%) Amazon S3
12 29 (1.73%) Firebase
13 18 (1.07%) Amazon Cognito
14 16 (0.95%) Amazon EC2
15 14 (0.83%) PaaS
16 13 (0.77%) Google Analytics
17 11 (0.66%) Cloud Computing
18 10 (0.60%) BrowserStack
18 10 (0.60%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 35 (2.09%) HTTP
2 17 (1.01%) Internet
3 12 (0.72%) FTP
4 5 (0.30%) Broadband
4 5 (0.30%) DNS
5 4 (0.24%) Firewall
5 4 (0.24%) Reverse Proxy
6 2 (0.12%) Ethernet
6 2 (0.12%) Intranet
6 2 (0.12%) Skype
6 2 (0.12%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.060%) Network Security
7 1 (0.060%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 236 (14.06%) SQL Server
2 197 (11.74%) MySQL
3 96 (5.72%) MongoDB
4 65 (3.87%) NoSQL
5 58 (3.46%) Relational Database
6 40 (2.38%) PostgreSQL
7 29 (1.73%) Big Data
8 26 (1.55%) SQL Server 2019
9 23 (1.37%) Redis
10 17 (1.01%) RDBMS
11 12 (0.72%) Amazon RDS
12 10 (0.60%) SQL Server 2012
13 9 (0.54%) Amazon Redshift
14 8 (0.48%) SQL Server 2014
15 6 (0.36%) Aerospike
15 6 (0.36%) Apache Cassandra
15 6 (0.36%) SQLite
16 5 (0.30%) Azure SQL Database
16 5 (0.30%) MariaDB
16 5 (0.30%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 502 (29.92%) Git (software)
2 128 (7.63%) webpack
3 81 (4.83%) JIRA
4 79 (4.71%) gulp
5 59 (3.52%) Grunt
6 57 (3.40%) Cypress.io
7 53 (3.16%) Subversion
8 50 (2.98%) Selenium
9 49 (2.92%) Visual Studio
10 46 (2.74%) Jenkins
11 43 (2.56%) Mocha
12 37 (2.21%) Jasmine
13 35 (2.09%) Babel
13 35 (2.09%) Storybook
14 30 (1.79%) Team Foundation Server
15 27 (1.61%) TeamCity
16 26 (1.55%) Protractor
17 24 (1.43%) git-flow
18 22 (1.31%) PostCSS
19 18 (1.07%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 170 (10.13%) Finance
2 140 (8.34%) Games
3 116 (6.91%) Retail
4 98 (5.84%) Multimedia
5 86 (5.13%) Marketing
6 72 (4.29%) Banking
7 61 (3.64%) Public Sector
8 51 (3.04%) Advertising
9 43 (2.56%) Manufacturing
10 36 (2.15%) Publishing
11 32 (1.91%) Automotive
12 17 (1.01%) Telecoms
13 16 (0.95%) Law
14 13 (0.77%) Legal
15 8 (0.48%) Electronics
16 6 (0.36%) Digital Economy
16 6 (0.36%) Local Government
17 4 (0.24%) Billing
17 4 (0.24%) French Language
17 4 (0.24%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 1,331 (79.32%) Developer
2 405 (24.14%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 269 (16.03%) Senior Developer
4 207 (12.34%) Web Developer
5 197 (11.74%) Full Stack Developer
6 182 (10.85%) React Developer
7 178 (10.61%) .NET Developer
8 168 (10.01%) PHP Developer
9 139 (8.28%) JavaScript Developer
10 113 (6.73%) Tester
11 111 (6.62%) Games Tester
11 111 (6.62%) Software Tester
11 111 (6.62%) Trainee
11 111 (6.62%) Trainee Software Tester
11 111 (6.62%) Trainee Tester
12 102 (6.08%) Senior Front-End Developer
12 102 (6.08%) Software Developer
13 98 (5.84%) Trainee Developer
13 98 (5.84%) Trainee Web Developer
14 94 (5.60%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,678 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,624 (96.78%) HTML
3 1,581 (94.22%) HTML5
4 595 (35.46%) React
5 539 (32.12%) AngularJS
6 441 (26.28%) Node.js
7 388 (23.12%) .NET
8 345 (20.56%) jQuery
9 338 (20.14%) Sass
10 247 (14.72%) Vue.js
11 242 (14.42%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 216 (12.87%) .NET Core
13 201 (11.98%) RESTful
14 172 (10.25%) ASP.NET
15 166 (9.89%) Laravel
16 152 (9.06%) REST
17 144 (8.58%) Redux
18 114 (6.79%) LESS
19 112 (6.67%) .NET Framework
20 111 (6.62%) Java SE
Miscellaneous
1 399 (23.78%) User Experience
2 137 (8.16%) Greenfield Project
3 124 (7.39%) Data Structures
4 123 (7.33%) Mobile App
5 58 (3.46%) Self-Motivation
6 52 (3.10%) Analytical Skills
7 46 (2.74%) Cloud Native
8 25 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
9 18 (1.07%) Animation
10 16 (0.95%) Virtual Team
11 14 (0.83%) Public Cloud
12 12 (0.72%) Social Media
12 12 (0.72%) W3C
13 11 (0.66%) Algorithms
14 10 (0.60%) Linux Command Line
14 10 (0.60%) Wiki
15 9 (0.54%) Smartphone
16 7 (0.42%) Augmented Reality
16 7 (0.42%) Blog
16 7 (0.42%) Podcast
Operating Systems
1 87 (5.18%) Linux
2 57 (3.40%) Windows
3 54 (3.22%) Android
4 52 (3.10%) Apple iOS
5 17 (1.01%) Windows Server
6 12 (0.72%) Unix
7 7 (0.42%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.12%) Alpine Linux
8 2 (0.12%) Mac OS X
8 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
9 1 (0.060%) CentOS
9 1 (0.060%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 632 (37.66%) Agile Software Development
2 483 (28.78%) Front End Development
3 377 (22.47%) OO
4 357 (21.28%) Web Development
5 348 (20.74%) MVC
6 311 (18.53%) Software Engineering
7 290 (17.28%) TDD
8 233 (13.89%) DevOps
9 208 (12.40%) Microservices
10 205 (12.22%) Scrum
11 193 (11.50%) OOP
12 158 (9.42%) BDD
13 141 (8.40%) Test Automation
14 140 (8.34%) Continuous Integration
15 138 (8.22%) Problem-Solving
16 135 (8.05%) Unit Testing
17 132 (7.87%) Software Testing
18 121 (7.21%) E-Commerce
19 114 (6.79%) Responsive Web Design
20 113 (6.73%) Functional Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,508 (89.87%) JavaScript
2 598 (35.64%) C#
3 442 (26.34%) SQL
4 433 (25.80%) PHP
5 342 (20.38%) Java
6 307 (18.30%) TypeScript
7 278 (16.57%) Python
8 165 (9.83%) ES6
9 121 (7.21%) Java 8
10 45 (2.68%) ES7
11 40 (2.38%) T-SQL
12 30 (1.79%) Kotlin
13 27 (1.61%) C++
13 27 (1.61%) VB.NET
14 23 (1.37%) Scala
15 17 (1.01%) Ruby
16 14 (0.83%) Go
17 13 (0.77%) C
18 10 (0.60%) Bash Shell
18 10 (0.60%) ES8
Qualifications
1 111 (6.62%) CIW
1 111 (6.62%) OCA
1 111 (6.62%) OCP
1 111 (6.62%) Oracle Certification
2 105 (6.26%) Degree
3 25 (1.49%) Security Cleared
4 21 (1.25%) SANS
5 20 (1.19%) SC Cleared
6 16 (0.95%) Computer Science Degree
7 14 (0.83%) DV Cleared
7 14 (0.83%) Master's Degree
7 14 (0.83%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.12%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.060%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (5.54%) QA
2 29 (1.73%) WCAG
3 12 (0.72%) GDPR
4 7 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (0.30%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.18%) SLA
System Software
1 186 (11.08%) Docker
2 2 (0.12%) Active Directory
2 2 (0.12%) Varnish
3 1 (0.060%) Ceph
3 1 (0.060%) VirtualBox
3 1 (0.060%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 129 (7.69%) Kubernetes
2 22 (1.31%) Ansible
3 20 (1.19%) Terraform
4 11 (0.66%) Packer
5 4 (0.24%) vRealize
6 2 (0.12%) Istio
6 2 (0.12%) Plesk
7 1 (0.060%) Galera Cluster
7 1 (0.060%) Grafana
7 1 (0.060%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.060%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 338 (20.14%) Microsoft
2 145 (8.64%) Oracle
3 86 (5.13%) Google
4 62 (3.69%) Adobe
5 48 (2.86%) Sitecore
6 28 (1.67%) Zend
7 26 (1.55%) Xamarin
8 21 (1.25%) VMware
9 16 (0.95%) Telerik
10 11 (0.66%) Apple
11 10 (0.60%) SAP
12 8 (0.48%) Blue Prism
13 6 (0.36%) Cognizant
13 6 (0.36%) IBM
13 6 (0.36%) Sencha
14 5 (0.30%) DevExpress
14 5 (0.30%) Epiphany
14 5 (0.30%) HubSpot
14 5 (0.30%) Sage
14 5 (0.30%) Salesforce.com