Period
to 18 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 18 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
18 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 229 188 199
Rank change year-on-year -41 +11 -72
Permanent jobs citing CSS3 1,881 966 2,577
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.56% 1.91% 1.82%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.82% 4.38% 4.87%
Number of salaries quoted 1,164 830 2,247
10th Percentile £32,000 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £37,750 £39,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £68,750 £67,500 £65,000
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +1.11% - +5.88%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 49,301 22,072 52,910
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.76% 43.64% 37.35%
Number of salaries quoted 31,723 18,699 43,733
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £39,232
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS3.

Salary trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 18 September 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 18 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -37 1,706 £55,000 +4.76% 374
London +7 920 £65,000 - 161
UK excluding London -101 810 £45,500 +1.11% 232
Work from Home -82 419 £50,000 -4.76% 98
South East -39 306 £47,500 -5.00% 49
North of England -119 153 £45,000 +5.88% 76
South West -54 124 £43,500 -5.43% 25
Midlands -97 123 £45,500 +1.11% 34
West Midlands -62 83 £45,500 +1.11% 28
North West -85 77 £46,250 +2.78% 38
Yorkshire -98 62 £45,000 +8.43% 23
East of England -104 56 £50,000 +33.33% 29
East Midlands -72 40 £40,000 -21.95% 6
Wales -30 27 £48,750 +5.41% 8
Scotland -91 19 £47,500 +11.76% 9
North East -33 15 £29,500 -31.40% 15
Northern Ireland -41 5 £32,500 - 2

For the 6 months to 18 September 2021, IT jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 1,881 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,800 (95.69%) HTML
3 1,704 (90.59%) HTML5
4 1,647 (87.56%) JavaScript
5 1,084 (57.63%) React
6 942 (50.08%) Agile Software Development
7 776 (41.25%) Git (software)
8 690 (36.68%) Front End Development
9 670 (35.62%) AngularJS
10 659 (35.03%) User Experience
11 578 (30.73%) Node.js
12 517 (27.49%) TypeScript
13 476 (25.31%) Sass
14 455 (24.19%) .NET
15 451 (23.98%) Web Development
16 436 (23.18%) SQL
16 436 (23.18%) C#
16 436 (23.18%) Full Stack Development
17 433 (23.02%) Azure
18 401 (21.32%) Software Engineering
19 375 (19.94%) TDD
20 354 (18.82%) Social Skills
21 353 (18.77%) DevOps
22 348 (18.50%) jQuery
23 344 (18.29%) Vue.js
24 338 (17.97%) MVC
25 335 (17.81%) Docker
26 328 (17.44%) Continuous Integration
27 323 (17.17%) PHP
27 323 (17.17%) REST

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 270 (14.35%) CMS
2 149 (7.92%) WordPress
3 89 (4.73%) IIS
4 80 (4.25%) Headless CMS
4 80 (4.25%) Kentico
5 71 (3.77%) Umbraco
6 59 (3.14%) Confluence
6 59 (3.14%) EPiServer
7 49 (2.60%) Sitecore CMS
8 46 (2.45%) Elasticsearch
9 42 (2.23%) nginx
10 39 (2.07%) Apache
11 29 (1.54%) Drupal
12 24 (1.28%) SharePoint
13 20 (1.06%) IBM Domino
14 15 (0.80%) Tomcat
15 13 (0.69%) Mendix
16 12 (0.64%) Camunda
16 12 (0.64%) MODX
17 10 (0.53%) MediaWiki
Applications
1 62 (3.30%) Photoshop
2 53 (2.82%) Figma
3 46 (2.45%) Sketch
4 42 (2.23%) InVision
5 27 (1.44%) Adobe Illustrator
5 27 (1.44%) Adobe XD
6 21 (1.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 20 (1.06%) GIMP
8 13 (0.69%) Zeplin
9 10 (0.53%) InDesign
10 9 (0.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 9 (0.48%) UXPin
11 6 (0.32%) Adobe After Effects
12 5 (0.27%) Chatbot
12 5 (0.27%) Inkscape
13 3 (0.16%) Adobe Premiere
14 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 27 (1.44%) Shopify
2 20 (1.06%) Magento
3 16 (0.85%) WebTrends
4 5 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
4 5 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.11%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.053%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.053%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.053%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 433 (23.02%) Azure
2 313 (16.64%) AWS
3 197 (10.47%) npm
4 139 (7.39%) SaaS
5 124 (6.59%) GitHub
6 91 (4.84%) GCP
7 63 (3.35%) Yarn
8 52 (2.76%) Amazon S3
8 52 (2.76%) OpenShift
9 47 (2.50%) Serverless
10 31 (1.65%) Amazon EC2
11 29 (1.54%) AWS Lambda
12 23 (1.22%) Slack
13 21 (1.12%) AWS CloudFormation
14 18 (0.96%) Azure Functions
15 16 (0.85%) Cloud Functions
15 16 (0.85%) Firebase
15 16 (0.85%) PaaS
16 15 (0.80%) GitHub Actions
17 14 (0.74%) Asana
Communications & Networking
1 58 (3.08%) HTTP
2 44 (2.34%) Internet
3 26 (1.38%) SSL
4 15 (0.80%) DNS
5 11 (0.58%) Broadband
6 7 (0.37%) Network Security
6 7 (0.37%) SSH
7 6 (0.32%) Firewall
7 6 (0.32%) FTP
7 6 (0.32%) Reverse Proxy
8 5 (0.27%) SMS
9 4 (0.21%) Skype
9 4 (0.21%) Wireshark
10 1 (0.053%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 252 (13.40%) SQL Server
2 239 (12.71%) MySQL
3 151 (8.03%) NoSQL
4 137 (7.28%) MongoDB
5 89 (4.73%) PostgreSQL
6 83 (4.41%) Relational Database
7 41 (2.18%) Redis
8 33 (1.75%) Big Data
9 31 (1.65%) Hadoop
10 29 (1.54%) SQL Server 2019
11 21 (1.12%) MariaDB
12 19 (1.01%) RDBMS
13 15 (0.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 15 (0.80%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 13 (0.69%) Azure SQL Database
15 12 (0.64%) Amazon RDS
15 12 (0.64%) Data Warehouse
16 11 (0.58%) Power BI
17 10 (0.53%) Data Mining
17 10 (0.53%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 776 (41.25%) Git (software)
2 271 (14.41%) webpack
3 151 (8.03%) Jenkins
4 140 (7.44%) Visual Studio
5 125 (6.65%) JIRA
6 106 (5.64%) gulp
7 101 (5.37%) Jasmine
7 101 (5.37%) Selenium
8 93 (4.94%) Mocha
9 89 (4.73%) Storybook
10 72 (3.83%) Grunt
11 70 (3.72%) Cypress.io
12 54 (2.87%) PostCSS
13 51 (2.71%) Cucumber
14 45 (2.39%) git-flow
14 45 (2.39%) Subversion
15 44 (2.34%) TeamCity
16 43 (2.29%) Babel
17 41 (2.18%) ReSharper
18 36 (1.91%) Bitbucket
General
1 354 (18.82%) Social Skills
2 296 (15.74%) Finance
3 209 (11.11%) Marketing
4 90 (4.78%) Banking
5 77 (4.09%) Retail
6 62 (3.30%) Analytical Skills
7 40 (2.13%) Advertising
8 37 (1.97%) Legal
9 36 (1.91%) Public Sector
10 28 (1.49%) Manufacturing
11 26 (1.38%) Publishing
12 25 (1.33%) Automotive
13 24 (1.28%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 22 (1.17%) Games
14 22 (1.17%) Telecoms
15 19 (1.01%) Pharmaceutical
16 18 (0.96%) Financial Institution
16 18 (0.96%) Investment Banking
16 18 (0.96%) Law
17 11 (0.58%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 1,416 (75.28%) Developer
2 503 (26.74%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 337 (17.92%) Senior Developer
4 214 (11.38%) .NET Developer
5 202 (10.74%) Full Stack Developer
6 158 (8.40%) React Developer
7 157 (8.35%) Senior Front-End Developer
8 156 (8.29%) JavaScript Developer
9 141 (7.50%) Web Developer
10 132 (7.02%) PHP Developer
11 127 (6.75%) Software Engineer
12 112 (5.95%) Angular Developer
13 108 (5.74%) C# Developer
14 95 (5.05%) C# .NET Developer
15 88 (4.68%) Software Developer
16 72 (3.83%) UI Developer
17 59 (3.14%) Java Developer
18 58 (3.08%) Senior .NET Developer
18 58 (3.08%) Senior Web Developer
19 48 (2.55%) Senior Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,881 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,800 (95.69%) HTML
3 1,704 (90.59%) HTML5
4 1,084 (57.63%) React
5 670 (35.62%) AngularJS
6 578 (30.73%) Node.js
7 476 (25.31%) Sass
8 455 (24.19%) .NET
9 348 (18.50%) jQuery
10 344 (18.29%) Vue.js
11 323 (17.17%) REST
12 272 (14.46%) Redux
12 272 (14.46%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 269 (14.30%) RESTful
14 257 (13.66%) .NET Core
15 238 (12.65%) Web Services
16 225 (11.96%) Jest
17 220 (11.70%) ASP.NET
18 216 (11.48%) JSON
19 159 (8.45%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 659 (35.03%) User Experience
2 110 (5.85%) Mobile App
3 101 (5.37%) Greenfield Project
4 61 (3.24%) Self-Motivation
5 57 (3.03%) Virtual Team
6 53 (2.82%) W3C
7 43 (2.29%) Cloud Native
8 39 (2.07%) Enterprise Software
8 39 (2.07%) Linux Command Line
9 34 (1.81%) Blog
10 32 (1.70%) Data Structures
11 31 (1.65%) Social Media
12 28 (1.49%) Algorithms
12 28 (1.49%) Animation
12 28 (1.49%) Cyberattack
13 23 (1.22%) Video\Live Streaming
14 20 (1.06%) NHS
14 20 (1.06%) Online Banking
15 16 (0.85%) Video on Demand
15 16 (0.85%) Xbox
Operating Systems
1 166 (8.83%) Linux
2 107 (5.69%) Windows
3 79 (4.20%) Android
4 69 (3.67%) Apple iOS
5 47 (2.50%) Windows Server
6 24 (1.28%) CentOS
6 24 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 16 (0.85%) Ubuntu
8 10 (0.53%) Unix
9 7 (0.37%) VMS
10 4 (0.21%) Tizen
10 4 (0.21%) webOS
11 2 (0.11%) Windows Phone
12 1 (0.053%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.053%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 942 (50.08%) Agile Software Development
2 690 (36.68%) Front End Development
3 451 (23.98%) Web Development
4 436 (23.18%) Full Stack Development
5 401 (21.32%) Software Engineering
6 375 (19.94%) TDD
7 353 (18.77%) DevOps
8 338 (17.97%) MVC
9 328 (17.44%) Continuous Integration
10 277 (14.73%) Scrum
11 270 (14.35%) Problem-Solving
12 254 (13.50%) Test Automation
13 244 (12.97%) Unit Testing
14 220 (11.70%) OO
15 210 (11.16%) Responsive Web Design
16 208 (11.06%) Microservices
17 203 (10.79%) E-Commerce
18 186 (9.89%) Open Source
19 170 (9.04%) BDD
20 158 (8.40%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,647 (87.56%) JavaScript
2 517 (27.49%) TypeScript
3 436 (23.18%) C#
3 436 (23.18%) SQL
4 323 (17.17%) PHP
5 300 (15.95%) ES6
6 241 (12.81%) Java
7 128 (6.80%) Python
8 54 (2.87%) Go
9 52 (2.76%) ES7
10 48 (2.55%) Kotlin
11 45 (2.39%) T-SQL
12 24 (1.28%) Java 8
13 23 (1.22%) C++
13 23 (1.22%) Elm
13 23 (1.22%) Ruby
14 22 (1.17%) Scala
15 21 (1.12%) R
15 21 (1.12%) VB.NET
16 20 (1.06%) PureScript
Qualifications
1 148 (7.87%) Degree
2 67 (3.56%) Computer Science Degree
3 52 (2.76%) Security Cleared
4 47 (2.50%) SC Cleared
5 32 (1.70%) DV Cleared
6 18 (0.96%) Master's Degree
7 17 (0.90%) SANS
8 16 (0.85%) PhD
9 15 (0.80%) Numerate Degree
10 12 (0.64%) Microsoft Certification
11 6 (0.32%) SAFe Agilist
12 3 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
13 2 (0.11%) PMI Certification
13 2 (0.11%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 1 (0.053%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 258 (13.72%) Accessibility
2 108 (5.74%) QA
3 55 (2.92%) WCAG
4 12 (0.64%) GDPR
5 10 (0.53%) NCSC
6 5 (0.27%) ISO 13485
7 2 (0.11%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 335 (17.81%) Docker
2 7 (0.37%) Ceph
2 7 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
3 1 (0.053%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.053%) Varnish
3 1 (0.053%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.053%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 189 (10.05%) Kubernetes
2 65 (3.46%) Ansible
3 45 (2.39%) Terraform
4 25 (1.33%) Hadoop YARN
5 19 (1.01%) Single Sign-On
6 9 (0.48%) Packer
7 8 (0.43%) Rancher
8 7 (0.37%) Bugsnag
8 7 (0.37%) Galera Cluster
8 7 (0.37%) HAProxy
9 5 (0.27%) Puppet
10 2 (0.11%) MIIS
10 2 (0.11%) vRealize
10 2 (0.11%) ZABBIX
11 1 (0.053%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
11 1 (0.053%) Istio
11 1 (0.053%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 249 (13.24%) Microsoft
2 98 (5.21%) Google
3 78 (4.15%) Adobe
4 55 (2.92%) Oracle
5 51 (2.71%) Sitecore
6 37 (1.97%) Atlassian
7 27 (1.44%) VMware
8 26 (1.38%) Apple
9 23 (1.22%) Salesforce.com
10 20 (1.06%) Telerik
11 17 (0.90%) Zend
12 15 (0.80%) Xamarin
13 14 (0.74%) WooCommerce
14 13 (0.69%) Samsung
15 11 (0.58%) Elastic Path
15 11 (0.58%) Sencha
16 10 (0.53%) Netlify
16 10 (0.53%) Sage
16 10 (0.53%) SAP
17 8 (0.43%) BT