Period
to 15 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 15 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
15 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 123 90 78
Rank change year-on-year -33 -12 +13
Permanent jobs citing CSS3 4,598 5,907 7,042
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.71% 3.34% 3.55%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.70% 8.21% 9.11%
Number of salaries quoted 4,003 5,312 6,316
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £30,000 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £76,250 £71,250 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 68,640 71,936 77,282
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.47% 40.64% 38.94%
Number of salaries quoted 56,965 59,849 67,019
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS3.

Salary trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 15 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -26 4,361 £47,500 +5.56% 860
UK excluding London -30 2,646 £42,500 +6.25% 586
London -21 1,850 £60,000 +4.35% 318
South East +10 972 £45,000 +12.50% 130
North of England -39 630 £42,500 +13.33% 167
North West -28 383 £45,000 +20.00% 89
Midlands -55 369 £40,000 +6.67% 116
South West -9 271 £42,500 +13.33% 72
East of England -65 260 £45,000 +11.11% 57
West Midlands -26 217 £40,000 +14.29% 67
Yorkshire -41 196 £36,000 +2.86% 60
East Midlands -50 152 £37,500 -6.25% 49
Scotland -67 102 £40,500 +1.25% 27
North East -16 51 £42,500 +25.00% 18
Wales -34 38 £42,500 +19.09% 7
Northern Ireland +3 4 £52,500 +35.48% 10

For the 6 months to 15 August 2018, IT jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 4,598 (100.00%) CSS
2 4,468 (97.17%) HTML
3 4,229 (91.97%) HTML5
4 3,965 (86.23%) JavaScript
5 2,322 (50.50%) AngularJS
6 2,306 (50.15%) Agile Software Development
7 1,769 (38.47%) jQuery
8 1,680 (36.54%) Front End Development
9 1,513 (32.91%) MVC
10 1,462 (31.80%) .NET
11 1,419 (30.86%) Git (software)
12 1,386 (30.14%) C#
13 1,356 (29.49%) React
14 1,232 (26.79%) Web Development
15 1,058 (23.01%) ASP.NET
16 1,015 (22.07%) Node.js
17 1,008 (21.92%) SQL
18 997 (21.68%) User Experience
19 990 (21.53%) Sass
20 977 (21.25%) TDD
21 975 (21.20%) Scrum
22 913 (19.86%) SQL Server
23 880 (19.14%) Twitter Bootstrap
24 852 (18.53%) PHP
25 771 (16.77%) Java
26 717 (15.59%) ASP.NET MVC
27 690 (15.01%) Finance
28 687 (14.94%) RESTful
29 677 (14.72%) Software Engineering
30 640 (13.92%) MySQL

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 393 (8.55%) CMS
2 290 (6.31%) WordPress
3 142 (3.09%) Drupal
4 132 (2.87%) EPiServer
5 123 (2.68%) Umbraco
6 112 (2.44%) Confluence
7 97 (2.11%) Elasticsearch
8 94 (2.04%) Apache
9 88 (1.91%) Tomcat
10 84 (1.83%) Sitecore CMS
11 83 (1.81%) SharePoint
12 67 (1.46%) nginx
13 47 (1.02%) Cloud Foundry
14 46 (1.00%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 44 (0.96%) IIS
16 35 (0.76%) Apache Spark
17 34 (0.74%) Mule
18 28 (0.61%) WebSphere
19 26 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 23 (0.50%) Kentico
Applications
1 229 (4.98%) Photoshop
2 121 (2.63%) Adobe Illustrator
3 58 (1.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 41 (0.89%) Chatbot
5 30 (0.65%) InVision
6 22 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
7 20 (0.43%) UXPin
8 13 (0.28%) GIMP
9 10 (0.22%) Fireworks
10 9 (0.20%) InDesign
11 7 (0.15%) OmniGraffle
12 5 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
13 4 (0.087%) Microsoft Excel
14 3 (0.065%) Microsoft Project
14 3 (0.065%) Moqups
15 2 (0.043%) Blender
16 1 (0.022%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 93 (2.02%) Magento
2 39 (0.85%) Eloqua
3 31 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
4 26 (0.57%) Payment Gateway
5 21 (0.46%) Shopify
6 16 (0.35%) Distributed Ledger
7 13 (0.28%) WebTrends
8 6 (0.13%) SDL Web 8
9 4 (0.087%) NetSuite
9 4 (0.087%) SAP Hybris
10 2 (0.043%) R3 Corda
10 2 (0.043%) Visualfiles
11 1 (0.022%) Actimize
11 1 (0.022%) Movex
11 1 (0.022%) nopCommerce
11 1 (0.022%) Odoo
11 1 (0.022%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 566 (12.31%) Microsoft Azure
2 524 (11.40%) Amazon AWS
3 303 (6.59%) npm
4 196 (4.26%) GitHub
5 78 (1.70%) SaaS
6 54 (1.17%) IaaS
7 52 (1.13%) Slack
8 48 (1.04%) Google Cloud Platform
9 43 (0.94%) Serverless
10 41 (0.89%) PaaS
11 39 (0.85%) Office 365
12 36 (0.78%) Cloud Computing
13 33 (0.72%) Yarn
14 24 (0.52%) Amazon S3
15 23 (0.50%) Google Analytics
16 19 (0.41%) Amazon EC2
16 19 (0.41%) AWS Lambda
17 17 (0.37%) Trello
18 16 (0.35%) Amazon ElastiCache
19 15 (0.33%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 116 (2.52%) HTTP
2 101 (2.20%) Internet
3 40 (0.87%) Intranet
4 35 (0.76%) SMS
5 25 (0.54%) SSL
6 18 (0.39%) DNS
7 13 (0.28%) Extranet
8 12 (0.26%) VoIP
9 10 (0.22%) Skype
10 9 (0.20%) LTE
10 9 (0.20%) TCP/IP
11 5 (0.11%) Broadband
11 5 (0.11%) DAB
11 5 (0.11%) MQTT
11 5 (0.11%) SSH
12 4 (0.087%) HTTPS
13 3 (0.065%) RIP
14 2 (0.043%) AMQP
14 2 (0.043%) FIX Connectivity
14 2 (0.043%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 913 (19.86%) SQL Server
2 640 (13.92%) MySQL
3 538 (11.70%) MongoDB
4 327 (7.11%) NoSQL
5 239 (5.20%) Relational Database
6 223 (4.85%) SQL Server 2016
7 190 (4.13%) RavenDB
8 135 (2.94%) PostgreSQL
9 101 (2.20%) Redis
10 86 (1.87%) Blockchain
11 78 (1.70%) Big Data
12 52 (1.13%) RDBMS
13 48 (1.04%) Couchbase
14 47 (1.02%) Apache Cassandra
15 39 (0.85%) CouchDB
16 35 (0.76%) Hadoop
17 33 (0.72%) SQL Server 2008
18 31 (0.67%) SQL Server 2012
19 27 (0.59%) SQL Server 2014
20 25 (0.54%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,419 (30.86%) Git (software)
2 491 (10.68%) gulp
3 398 (8.66%) webpack
4 334 (7.26%) Subversion
5 306 (6.66%) Grunt
6 301 (6.55%) JIRA
7 295 (6.42%) Team Foundation Server
8 289 (6.29%) Selenium
9 271 (5.89%) Visual Studio
10 267 (5.81%) Jenkins
11 217 (4.72%) Mocha
12 207 (4.50%) Jasmine
13 198 (4.31%) TeamCity
14 170 (3.70%) Maven
15 146 (3.18%) Karma Test Runner
16 135 (2.94%) Protractor
17 122 (2.65%) Octopus Deploy
18 102 (2.22%) Bower
19 99 (2.15%) JUnit
20 94 (2.04%) Sinon.JS
General
1 690 (15.01%) Finance
2 337 (7.33%) Marketing
3 240 (5.22%) Retail
4 194 (4.22%) Advertising
5 164 (3.57%) Banking
6 125 (2.72%) Games
7 48 (1.04%) Electronics
7 48 (1.04%) Manufacturing
8 45 (0.98%) Telecoms
9 37 (0.80%) Legal
10 36 (0.78%) Publishing
11 34 (0.74%) Investment Banking
12 29 (0.63%) Multimedia
13 28 (0.61%) Financial Institution
13 28 (0.61%) Law
14 19 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
15 15 (0.33%) Back Office
16 12 (0.26%) Automotive
17 8 (0.17%) Front Office
18 7 (0.15%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 3,981 (86.58%) Developer
2 1,342 (29.19%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 841 (18.29%) .NET Developer
4 745 (16.20%) JavaScript Developer
5 649 (14.11%) Senior Developer
6 549 (11.94%) Web Developer
7 473 (10.29%) C# Developer
8 392 (8.53%) Full Stack Developer
9 379 (8.24%) HTML Developer
10 353 (7.68%) C# .NET Developer
11 349 (7.59%) PHP Developer
12 275 (5.98%) Java Developer
13 272 (5.92%) Angular Developer
14 267 (5.81%) HTML CSS Developer
15 259 (5.63%) ASP.NET Developer
16 258 (5.61%) React Developer
17 254 (5.52%) Software Developer
18 229 (4.98%) Software Engineer
19 227 (4.94%) C# ASP.NET Developer
20 204 (4.44%) UI Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,598 (100.00%) CSS
2 4,468 (97.17%) HTML
3 4,229 (91.97%) HTML5
4 2,322 (50.50%) AngularJS
5 1,769 (38.47%) jQuery
6 1,462 (31.80%) .NET
7 1,356 (29.49%) React
8 1,058 (23.01%) ASP.NET
9 1,015 (22.07%) Node.js
10 990 (21.53%) Sass
11 880 (19.14%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 717 (15.59%) ASP.NET MVC
13 687 (14.94%) RESTful
14 559 (12.16%) JSON
15 511 (11.11%) REST
16 502 (10.92%) Web Services
17 495 (10.77%) LESS
18 437 (9.50%) Ajax
19 435 (9.46%) Redux
20 432 (9.40%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 997 (21.68%) User Experience
2 344 (7.48%) Computer Science
3 316 (6.87%) Greenfield Project
4 308 (6.70%) Fintech
5 301 (6.55%) Mobile App
6 137 (2.98%) Enterprise Software
7 131 (2.85%) Analytical Skills
8 127 (2.76%) Self-Motivation
9 82 (1.78%) Algorithms
10 71 (1.54%) Data Structures
11 64 (1.39%) Linux Command Line
12 50 (1.09%) W3C
13 47 (1.02%) Robotics
14 46 (1.00%) Social Media
15 39 (0.85%) Cloud Native
16 37 (0.80%) Graphic Design
17 28 (0.61%) Blog
17 28 (0.61%) Music Streaming
18 26 (0.57%) N-Tier
19 24 (0.52%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 302 (6.57%) Linux
2 113 (2.46%) Windows
3 106 (2.31%) Android
4 89 (1.94%) Apple iOS
5 47 (1.02%) Unix
6 17 (0.37%) Windows Phone
6 17 (0.37%) Windows Phone 8
7 16 (0.35%) Debian
8 8 (0.17%) CentOS
8 8 (0.17%) Mac OS X
9 7 (0.15%) Windows Server
10 6 (0.13%) Mac OS
10 6 (0.13%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.087%) CoreOS
12 3 (0.065%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.043%) Solaris
13 2 (0.043%) SUSE
13 2 (0.043%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,306 (50.15%) Agile Software Development
2 1,680 (36.54%) Front End Development
3 1,513 (32.91%) MVC
4 1,232 (26.79%) Web Development
5 977 (21.25%) TDD
6 975 (21.20%) Scrum
7 677 (14.72%) Software Engineering
8 603 (13.11%) Responsive Web Design
9 562 (12.22%) OO
10 531 (11.55%) BDD
11 480 (10.44%) E-Commerce
12 479 (10.42%) Problem-Solving
13 471 (10.24%) Unit Testing
14 457 (9.94%) Continuous Integration
15 399 (8.68%) DevOps
16 383 (8.33%) Web Application Development
17 381 (8.29%) OOP
18 378 (8.22%) Test Automation
19 335 (7.29%) Microservices
20 240 (5.22%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 3,965 (86.23%) JavaScript
2 1,386 (30.14%) C#
3 1,008 (21.92%) SQL
4 852 (18.53%) PHP
5 771 (16.77%) Java
6 473 (10.29%) ES6
7 430 (9.35%) TypeScript
8 236 (5.13%) Python
9 192 (4.18%) T-SQL
10 152 (3.31%) Ruby
11 123 (2.68%) Java 8
12 111 (2.41%) VB.NET
13 96 (2.09%) C++
14 75 (1.63%) Scala
15 61 (1.33%) ES7
16 60 (1.30%) PowerShell
17 57 (1.24%) C
18 52 (1.13%) PL/SQL
19 47 (1.02%) VB
20 45 (0.98%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 529 (11.51%) Degree
2 143 (3.11%) Computer Science Degree
3 44 (0.96%) Security Cleared
4 41 (0.89%) Microsoft Certification
5 39 (0.85%) SAFe Agilist
6 23 (0.50%) SC Cleared
7 20 (0.43%) DV Cleared
8 10 (0.22%) HND
8 10 (0.22%) Master's Degree
9 6 (0.13%) Chartered Engineer
9 6 (0.13%) CITP
9 6 (0.13%) MCP
9 6 (0.13%) Sun Certification
10 5 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
11 4 (0.087%) PMI Certification
12 3 (0.065%) ITIL Certification
12 3 (0.065%) MCTS
12 3 (0.065%) PhD
13 2 (0.043%) ICAEW
14 1 (0.022%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 192 (4.18%) QA
2 22 (0.48%) WCAG
3 10 (0.22%) GDPR
4 7 (0.15%) GAMP
5 6 (0.13%) PCI DSS
5 6 (0.13%) SLA
5 6 (0.13%) Web Application Security Consortium
6 5 (0.11%) GCP
7 4 (0.087%) PMO
8 3 (0.065%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.043%) MiFID
10 1 (0.022%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.022%) WAI
System Software
1 208 (4.52%) Docker
2 30 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
3 13 (0.28%) Varnish
4 8 (0.17%) VirtualBox
5 7 (0.15%) Firmware
6 4 (0.087%) HDFS
6 4 (0.087%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.043%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 45 (0.98%) Ansible
2 41 (0.89%) Kubernetes
3 24 (0.52%) Puppet
4 23 (0.50%) Opscode Chef
5 19 (0.41%) Terraform
6 12 (0.26%) Nagios
7 11 (0.24%) ZABBIX
8 8 (0.17%) Salt
9 7 (0.15%) Prometheus
9 7 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
10 6 (0.13%) cPanel
11 4 (0.087%) HP Quality Center
11 4 (0.087%) Plesk
12 3 (0.065%) Docker Swarm
12 3 (0.065%) Hadoop YARN
13 2 (0.043%) Business Desktop Deployment
13 2 (0.043%) HAProxy
13 2 (0.043%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
14 1 (0.022%) Capistrano
14 1 (0.022%) MOM
Vendors
1 360 (7.83%) Microsoft
2 209 (4.55%) Oracle
3 196 (4.26%) Adobe
3 196 (4.26%) Google
4 113 (2.46%) Sitecore
5 63 (1.37%) Facebook
6 54 (1.17%) Twitter
7 53 (1.15%) Xamarin
8 52 (1.13%) Splunk
9 50 (1.09%) Capita
10 47 (1.02%) Zend
11 40 (0.87%) Marketo
12 37 (0.80%) AppDynamics
13 32 (0.70%) Atlassian
13 32 (0.70%) Salesforce.com
14 30 (0.65%) WooCommerce
15 28 (0.61%) Alias
16 23 (0.50%) Telerik
17 22 (0.48%) Demandware
17 22 (0.48%) SAP