Period
to 19 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 19 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
19 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 141 101 86
Rank change year-on-year -40 -15 -10
Permanent jobs citing CSS3 3,639 5,395 5,562
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.40% 3.07% 3.21%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.05% 7.56% 8.13%
Number of salaries quoted 2,989 4,801 5,015
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 60,143 71,329 68,381
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.69% 40.63% 39.43%
Number of salaries quoted 49,337 60,182 58,932
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £78,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS3.

Salary trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 19 February 2019.

Salary histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 19 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -45 3,334 £47,500 +5.56% 947
UK excluding London -26 2,214 £42,500 +6.25% 713
London -62 1,344 £60,000 +9.09% 295
South East -6 701 £42,500 - 159
North of England -21 539 £45,000 +12.50% 195
North West -27 305 £47,500 +18.75% 108
Midlands -49 300 £40,000 +8.11% 154
South West -10 237 £45,000 - 74
East of England -33 211 £43,500 -3.33% 70
Yorkshire -9 180 £40,000 +6.67% 67
West Midlands -51 171 £37,500 +7.14% 65
Scotland -1 164 £42,500 +6.25% 31
East Midlands -36 129 £40,000 +6.67% 89
North East +14 54 £43,000 +32.31% 20
Wales +8 47 £34,000 -2.86% 23
Northern Ireland -5 15 £39,500 +12.86% 7

For the 6 months to 19 February 2019, IT jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 3,638 (99.97%) CSS
2 3,553 (97.64%) HTML
3 3,396 (93.32%) HTML5
4 3,165 (86.97%) JavaScript
5 1,757 (48.28%) AngularJS
6 1,754 (48.20%) Agile Software Development
7 1,225 (33.66%) Front End Development
8 1,163 (31.96%) jQuery
9 1,154 (31.71%) React
10 1,153 (31.68%) C#
11 1,104 (30.34%) .NET
12 1,101 (30.26%) Git (software)
13 1,057 (29.05%) MVC
14 824 (22.64%) Web Development
15 817 (22.45%) ASP.NET
16 815 (22.40%) Sass
17 788 (21.65%) Node.js
18 781 (21.46%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 759 (20.86%) PHP
20 748 (20.56%) SQL Server
21 738 (20.28%) SQL
22 695 (19.10%) Scrum
23 688 (18.91%) User Experience
24 674 (18.52%) TDD
25 639 (17.56%) Finance
26 611 (16.79%) Java
27 588 (16.16%) MySQL
28 498 (13.69%) RESTful
29 481 (13.22%) Software Engineering
30 477 (13.11%) ES6

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 318 (8.74%) CMS
2 204 (5.61%) WordPress
3 167 (4.59%) Elasticsearch
4 87 (2.39%) Apache
5 81 (2.23%) Confluence
6 74 (2.03%) Drupal
7 69 (1.90%) Tomcat
8 64 (1.76%) Umbraco
9 56 (1.54%) SharePoint
10 50 (1.37%) IIS
11 47 (1.29%) nginx
12 46 (1.26%) EPiServer
13 45 (1.24%) Apache Spark
14 29 (0.80%) WebSphere
15 26 (0.71%) Sitecore CMS
16 21 (0.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 21 (0.58%) Cloud Foundry
17 20 (0.55%) GlassFish
17 20 (0.55%) JBoss
17 20 (0.55%) Jupyter
Applications
1 171 (4.70%) Photoshop
2 88 (2.42%) Adobe Illustrator
3 41 (1.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 21 (0.58%) InVision
5 19 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
6 12 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
7 11 (0.30%) Fireworks
7 11 (0.30%) GIMP
8 10 (0.27%) InDesign
9 8 (0.22%) Chatbot
10 6 (0.16%) HipChat
11 4 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
12 3 (0.082%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 3 (0.082%) OmniGraffle
13 1 (0.027%) MS Visio
13 1 (0.027%) Notepad++
13 1 (0.027%) Spreadsheet
13 1 (0.027%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 67 (1.84%) Magento
2 30 (0.82%) Shopify
3 21 (0.58%) Actimize
4 19 (0.52%) Payment Gateway
5 15 (0.41%) Eloqua
6 10 (0.27%) osCommerce
7 8 (0.22%) SAP Business One
8 7 (0.19%) Odoo
9 6 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
10 5 (0.14%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
11 3 (0.082%) Dynamics CRM
12 2 (0.055%) PeopleSoft Financials
12 2 (0.055%) PeopleSoft HCM
12 2 (0.055%) WebTrends
13 1 (0.027%) CiviCRM
13 1 (0.027%) Distributed Ledger
13 1 (0.027%) Dynamics AX
13 1 (0.027%) NetSuite
13 1 (0.027%) nopCommerce
13 1 (0.027%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 471 (12.94%) Microsoft Azure
2 372 (10.22%) Amazon AWS
3 203 (5.58%) npm
4 145 (3.98%) GitHub
5 112 (3.08%) SaaS
6 98 (2.69%) Google Cloud Platform
7 55 (1.51%) Google Analytics
8 38 (1.04%) Serverless
9 35 (0.96%) PaaS
10 32 (0.88%) NuGet
11 28 (0.77%) Amazon S3
12 27 (0.74%) Amazon SQS
13 24 (0.66%) Amazon EC2
14 22 (0.60%) AdWords
15 20 (0.55%) OpenShift
16 19 (0.52%) Firebase
17 18 (0.49%) IaaS
18 17 (0.47%) Office 365
18 17 (0.47%) Slack
19 15 (0.41%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 61 (1.68%) Internet
2 57 (1.57%) HTTP
3 25 (0.69%) RIP
4 19 (0.52%) SSH
5 17 (0.47%) DNS
6 16 (0.44%) FTP
7 14 (0.38%) Intranet
8 13 (0.36%) SSL
9 6 (0.16%) Extranet
9 6 (0.16%) VoIP
10 4 (0.11%) HTTPS
10 4 (0.11%) SMS
11 3 (0.082%) Broadband
11 3 (0.082%) Firewall
11 3 (0.082%) TCP/IP
12 2 (0.055%) VPN
13 1 (0.027%) 5G
13 1 (0.027%) LAN
13 1 (0.027%) Network Security
13 1 (0.027%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 748 (20.56%) SQL Server
2 588 (16.16%) MySQL
3 363 (9.98%) MongoDB
4 216 (5.94%) NoSQL
5 165 (4.53%) Relational Database
6 129 (3.54%) SQL Server 2016
7 124 (3.41%) RavenDB
8 123 (3.38%) PostgreSQL
9 67 (1.84%) Big Data
10 64 (1.76%) Redis
11 50 (1.37%) RDBMS
12 45 (1.24%) Couchbase
13 41 (1.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 39 (1.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 38 (1.04%) Hadoop
15 38 (1.04%) SQLite
16 34 (0.93%) SQL Server 2014
17 32 (0.88%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 30 (0.82%) Apache Cassandra
19 27 (0.74%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 1,101 (30.26%) Git (software)
2 303 (8.33%) gulp
3 298 (8.19%) webpack
4 235 (6.46%) Jenkins
5 220 (6.05%) Grunt
5 220 (6.05%) JIRA
6 191 (5.25%) Visual Studio
7 186 (5.11%) Team Foundation Server
8 183 (5.03%) Subversion
9 150 (4.12%) Selenium
10 102 (2.80%) TeamCity
11 94 (2.58%) Jasmine
12 90 (2.47%) Mocha
13 68 (1.87%) Maven
14 65 (1.79%) NUnit
15 61 (1.68%) Babel
16 56 (1.54%) JUnit
17 53 (1.46%) Bitbucket
17 53 (1.46%) Octopus Deploy
18 49 (1.35%) Bower
General
1 639 (17.56%) Finance
2 301 (8.27%) Marketing
3 253 (6.95%) Retail
4 200 (5.50%) Banking
5 122 (3.35%) Advertising
6 71 (1.95%) Telecoms
7 68 (1.87%) Manufacturing
8 62 (1.70%) Games
9 61 (1.68%) Electronics
10 45 (1.24%) Publishing
11 31 (0.85%) Front Office
12 29 (0.80%) Investment Banking
13 20 (0.55%) Automotive
14 19 (0.52%) Billing
14 19 (0.52%) Legal
15 18 (0.49%) Retail Banking
16 14 (0.38%) Law
17 10 (0.27%) Multimedia
18 8 (0.22%) Back Office
18 8 (0.22%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 3,138 (86.23%) Developer
2 1,006 (27.64%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 560 (15.39%) .NET Developer
4 557 (15.31%) Senior Developer
5 473 (13.00%) JavaScript Developer
6 452 (12.42%) Web Developer
7 349 (9.59%) Full Stack Developer
8 311 (8.55%) PHP Developer
9 306 (8.41%) C# Developer
10 253 (6.95%) Software Developer
11 241 (6.62%) Java Developer
12 240 (6.60%) React Developer
13 210 (5.77%) C# .NET Developer
14 184 (5.06%) HTML Developer
15 181 (4.97%) Lead Developer
16 172 (4.73%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 157 (4.31%) Software Engineer
18 150 (4.12%) Angular Developer
19 145 (3.98%) HTML CSS Developer
20 124 (3.41%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,638 (99.97%) CSS
2 3,553 (97.64%) HTML
3 3,396 (93.32%) HTML5
4 1,757 (48.28%) AngularJS
5 1,163 (31.96%) jQuery
6 1,154 (31.71%) React
7 1,104 (30.34%) .NET
8 817 (22.45%) ASP.NET
9 815 (22.40%) Sass
10 788 (21.65%) Node.js
11 781 (21.46%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 498 (13.69%) RESTful
13 458 (12.59%) Vue.js
14 451 (12.39%) ASP.NET MVC
15 387 (10.63%) Web Services
16 362 (9.95%) LESS
17 356 (9.78%) JSON
18 349 (9.59%) REST
19 327 (8.99%) Redux
20 311 (8.55%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 688 (18.91%) User Experience
2 304 (8.35%) Greenfield Project
3 230 (6.32%) Fintech
4 158 (4.34%) Mobile App
5 115 (3.16%) Enterprise Software
6 113 (3.11%) Analytical Skills
7 101 (2.78%) Self-Motivation
8 47 (1.29%) Blog
9 46 (1.26%) Linux Command Line
10 37 (1.02%) Social Media
11 35 (0.96%) Cloud Native
12 31 (0.85%) Derivative
13 30 (0.82%) Fixed Income
14 29 (0.80%) Robotics
14 29 (0.80%) W3C
15 25 (0.69%) Life Science
16 23 (0.63%) Hedge funds
17 21 (0.58%) Algorithms
18 20 (0.55%) NHS
19 19 (0.52%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 283 (7.78%) Linux
2 151 (4.15%) Android
3 146 (4.01%) Apple iOS
4 130 (3.57%) Windows
5 50 (1.37%) Unix
6 19 (0.52%) Ubuntu
7 15 (0.41%) Windows 10
8 14 (0.38%) CentOS
9 12 (0.33%) Solaris
10 11 (0.30%) Mac OS
11 9 (0.25%) Debian
12 8 (0.22%) Mac OS X
12 8 (0.22%) Windows Phone
12 8 (0.22%) Windows Phone 8
13 4 (0.11%) Windows Server
14 1 (0.027%) CoreOS
14 1 (0.027%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,754 (48.20%) Agile Software Development
2 1,225 (33.66%) Front End Development
3 1,057 (29.05%) MVC
4 824 (22.64%) Web Development
5 695 (19.10%) Scrum
6 674 (18.52%) TDD
7 481 (13.22%) Software Engineering
8 392 (10.77%) BDD
9 365 (10.03%) OO
10 363 (9.98%) E-Commerce
11 359 (9.87%) Unit Testing
12 355 (9.76%) Responsive Web Design
13 331 (9.10%) Test Automation
14 326 (8.96%) DevOps
15 294 (8.08%) Microservices
16 262 (7.20%) Problem-Solving
17 260 (7.14%) Continuous Integration
18 241 (6.62%) Web Application Development
19 225 (6.18%) OOP
20 211 (5.80%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 3,165 (86.97%) JavaScript
2 1,153 (31.68%) C#
3 759 (20.86%) PHP
4 738 (20.28%) SQL
5 611 (16.79%) Java
6 477 (13.11%) ES6
7 330 (9.07%) Python
8 321 (8.82%) TypeScript
9 185 (5.08%) T-SQL
10 80 (2.20%) VB.NET
11 77 (2.12%) C++
12 76 (2.09%) ES7
13 72 (1.98%) Java 8
14 70 (1.92%) Ruby
15 67 (1.84%) PL/SQL
16 54 (1.48%) C
17 49 (1.35%) PHP 7
18 35 (0.96%) Bash Shell
18 35 (0.96%) Scala
19 34 (0.93%) PHP 5
Qualifications
1 341 (9.37%) Degree
2 85 (2.34%) Computer Science Degree
3 29 (0.80%) Security Cleared
4 27 (0.74%) HND
5 23 (0.63%) SC Cleared
6 15 (0.41%) DV Cleared
7 10 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
7 10 (0.27%) SAFe Agilist
8 8 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
9 5 (0.14%) PhD
10 3 (0.082%) Master's Degree
11 2 (0.055%) Numerate Degree
12 1 (0.027%) BPSS Clearance
12 1 (0.027%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.027%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 161 (4.42%) QA
2 15 (0.41%) WCAG
3 9 (0.25%) GDPR
4 5 (0.14%) WAI
5 4 (0.11%) MiFID
6 3 (0.082%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.055%) PMO
7 2 (0.055%) SLA
System Software
1 269 (7.39%) Docker
2 8 (0.22%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.16%) Varnish
4 5 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.082%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.055%) Firmware
7 1 (0.027%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.027%) HDFS
7 1 (0.027%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.027%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 106 (2.91%) Kubernetes
2 30 (0.82%) Opscode Chef
3 28 (0.77%) Terraform
4 27 (0.74%) Ansible
5 25 (0.69%) Kibana
6 23 (0.63%) logstash
7 10 (0.27%) Puppet
8 9 (0.25%) Mesos
9 8 (0.22%) HP Quality Center
10 5 (0.14%) HAProxy
11 3 (0.082%) SCCM
12 2 (0.055%) Capistrano
12 2 (0.055%) Hadoop YARN
13 1 (0.027%) Docker Swarm
13 1 (0.027%) Nagios
13 1 (0.027%) Salt
13 1 (0.027%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 377 (10.36%) Microsoft
2 201 (5.52%) Google
3 200 (5.50%) Oracle
4 146 (4.01%) Adobe
5 68 (1.87%) Facebook
6 67 (1.84%) SAP
7 66 (1.81%) Zend
8 41 (1.13%) IBM
9 40 (1.10%) Xamarin
10 37 (1.02%) Sitecore
11 32 (0.88%) Rackspace
12 28 (0.77%) Telerik
13 25 (0.69%) Atlassian
14 23 (0.63%) Salesforce.com
15 22 (0.60%) Apple
16 20 (0.55%) Twitter
17 18 (0.49%) Splunk
18 17 (0.47%) Demandware
19 16 (0.44%) WooCommerce
20 15 (0.41%) Blue Prism