Period
to 21 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 21 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
21 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 19 14 12
Rank change year-on-year -5 -2 +1
Permanent jobs citing CSS 8,523 12,089 14,446
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 10.54% 12.80% 14.75%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 28.80% 32.16% 35.74%
Number of salaries quoted 7,270 10,688 12,938
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +6.25% +3.90%
10th Percentile £27,477 £26,750 £25,750
90th Percentile £61,250 £61,250 £57,500
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £43,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +1.18%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29,598 37,593 40,423
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 36.60% 39.80% 41.26%
Number of salaries quoted 24,041 31,569 34,041
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £68,750 £66,250 £63,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the UK excluding London

CSS
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for CSS in the UK excluding London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 21 September 2019.

Salary histogram for CSS in the UK excluding London

CSS
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 21 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -6 2,883 £45,000 - 532
North of England -5 1,827 £42,500 +6.25% 683
Midlands -2 1,258 £40,000 - 397
North West -2 1,200 £43,500 +2.35% 414
South West -7 1,104 £42,500 +6.25% 269
West Midlands -4 668 £40,000 - 188
East of England -5 634 £45,000 +5.88% 230
Scotland +12 617 £42,500 -5.56% 136
East Midlands -1 579 £40,000 - 208
Yorkshire -20 537 £40,000 - 203
Wales +2 163 £40,000 -5.88% 53
North East -13 91 £43,500 +16.00% 66
Northern Ireland -8 50 £42,500 +25.00% 12
Channel Islands +7 1 - -
Isle of Man +1 1 £55,000 +4.76%
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 21 September 2019, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 7,910 (92.81%) HTML
2 7,286 (85.49%) JavaScript
3 3,561 (41.78%) C#
4 3,475 (40.77%) .NET
5 3,470 (40.71%) Agile Software Development
6 2,818 (33.06%) AngularJS
7 2,711 (31.81%) MVC
8 2,543 (29.84%) jQuery
9 2,279 (26.74%) SQL
10 2,237 (26.25%) ASP.NET
11 2,181 (25.59%) HTML5
12 2,099 (24.63%) Web Development
13 1,959 (22.98%) SQL Server
14 1,937 (22.73%) Git (software)
15 1,930 (22.64%) PHP
16 1,707 (20.03%) Front End Development
17 1,699 (19.93%) React
18 1,531 (17.96%) MySQL
19 1,475 (17.31%) CSS3
20 1,311 (15.38%) User Experience
21 1,208 (14.17%) Java
22 1,206 (14.15%) TDD
23 1,193 (14.00%) Microsoft
24 1,155 (13.55%) Azure
25 1,121 (13.15%) Sass
26 1,103 (12.94%) Scrum
26 1,103 (12.94%) Web Services
27 1,088 (12.77%) ASP.NET MVC
28 1,062 (12.46%) Software Engineering
29 1,053 (12.35%) Node.js

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 510 (5.98%) CMS
2 490 (5.75%) WordPress
3 171 (2.01%) Apache
4 165 (1.94%) SharePoint
5 157 (1.84%) Drupal
6 155 (1.82%) Umbraco
7 125 (1.47%) IIS
8 108 (1.27%) Elasticsearch
9 101 (1.19%) Confluence
9 101 (1.19%) Tomcat
10 72 (0.84%) nginx
11 70 (0.82%) Joomla!
12 69 (0.81%) JBoss
13 43 (0.50%) Sitecore CMS
14 28 (0.33%) Cloud Foundry
14 28 (0.33%) WebSphere
15 27 (0.32%) WebLogic
16 26 (0.31%) EPiServer
16 26 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 23 (0.27%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 270 (3.17%) Photoshop
2 135 (1.58%) Sketch
3 127 (1.49%) Adobe Illustrator
4 93 (1.09%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 71 (0.83%) Adobe XD
6 62 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
7 52 (0.61%) InVision
8 33 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
9 25 (0.29%) InDesign
10 22 (0.26%) MS Visio
11 20 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 15 (0.18%) Acrobat
13 14 (0.16%) InfoPath
14 13 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
15 9 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
15 9 (0.11%) RoboHelp
16 8 (0.094%) Zeplin
17 7 (0.082%) Fireworks
18 6 (0.070%) GIMP
18 6 (0.070%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 261 (3.06%) Magento
2 72 (0.84%) Payment Gateway
3 59 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
4 43 (0.50%) Shopify
5 9 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
5 9 (0.11%) NetSuite
5 9 (0.11%) SDL Web 8
6 8 (0.094%) Dynamics NAV
6 8 (0.094%) nopCommerce
6 8 (0.094%) WebTrends
7 7 (0.082%) OpenCart
8 5 (0.059%) SAP Hybris
8 5 (0.059%) Unica
9 3 (0.035%) Oracle BPM
9 3 (0.035%) SAP S/4HANA
10 2 (0.023%) Dynamics AX
10 2 (0.023%) Maximo
10 2 (0.023%) Misys Midas
10 2 (0.023%) Remedy ITSM
10 2 (0.023%) Sage 50
Cloud Services
1 1,155 (13.55%) Azure
2 747 (8.76%) AWS
3 386 (4.53%) SaaS
4 223 (2.62%) GitHub
5 207 (2.43%) npm
6 137 (1.61%) GCP
7 132 (1.55%) Serverless
8 87 (1.02%) Office 365
9 67 (0.79%) PaaS
10 65 (0.76%) Cloud Computing
11 61 (0.72%) Google Analytics
12 52 (0.61%) Adobe Creative Cloud
13 51 (0.60%) Power Platform
14 40 (0.47%) Dynamics 365
15 39 (0.46%) AWS Lambda
16 26 (0.31%) OpenShift
17 25 (0.29%) BrowserStack
17 25 (0.29%) Yarn
18 21 (0.25%) Amazon EC2
19 17 (0.20%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 130 (1.53%) Internet
2 100 (1.17%) HTTP
3 48 (0.56%) Intranet
4 32 (0.38%) TCP/IP
5 22 (0.26%) DNS
6 18 (0.21%) Firewall
7 17 (0.20%) Broadband
8 15 (0.18%) Network Security
9 14 (0.16%) VoIP
10 13 (0.15%) VPN
11 12 (0.14%) Skype
11 12 (0.14%) SSH
11 12 (0.14%) WebEx
12 11 (0.13%) HTTPS
12 11 (0.13%) Remote Desktop
13 10 (0.12%) DAB
14 9 (0.11%) Extranet
14 9 (0.11%) SSL
15 5 (0.059%) FTP
16 3 (0.035%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,959 (22.98%) SQL Server
2 1,531 (17.96%) MySQL
3 360 (4.22%) Relational Database
4 319 (3.74%) MongoDB
5 290 (3.40%) NoSQL
6 268 (3.14%) PostgreSQL
7 152 (1.78%) Big Data
8 119 (1.40%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 116 (1.36%) RDBMS
10 106 (1.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 103 (1.21%) Redis
12 79 (0.93%) SQL Server 2012
13 73 (0.86%) SQL Server 2008
14 70 (0.82%) MariaDB
15 48 (0.56%) Power BI
16 43 (0.50%) Oracle Database
17 42 (0.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 41 (0.48%) GIS
18 41 (0.48%) SQL Server 2016
19 34 (0.40%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 1,937 (22.73%) Git (software)
2 535 (6.28%) Visual Studio
3 417 (4.89%) JIRA
4 382 (4.48%) webpack
5 345 (4.05%) Jenkins
6 343 (4.02%) Subversion
7 302 (3.54%) Team Foundation Server
8 276 (3.24%) gulp
9 205 (2.41%) Selenium
10 192 (2.25%) Jasmine
11 189 (2.22%) Grunt
12 167 (1.96%) TeamCity
13 157 (1.84%) Maven
14 123 (1.44%) NUnit
15 117 (1.37%) Visual Studio Team System
16 110 (1.29%) Bitbucket
16 110 (1.29%) JUnit
17 91 (1.07%) PHPUnit
18 85 (1.00%) Karma Test Runner
19 83 (0.97%) Cucumber
General
1 797 (9.35%) Finance
2 523 (6.14%) Marketing
3 431 (5.06%) Retail
4 216 (2.53%) Public Sector
5 167 (1.96%) Manufacturing
6 126 (1.48%) Telecoms
7 116 (1.36%) Games
8 107 (1.26%) Banking
9 87 (1.02%) Electronics
10 77 (0.90%) Automotive
11 67 (0.79%) Legal
12 61 (0.72%) Advertising
13 38 (0.45%) Law
13 38 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
14 23 (0.27%) Back Office
14 23 (0.27%) Publishing
15 21 (0.25%) Financial Institution
15 21 (0.25%) Multimedia
16 20 (0.23%) Local Government
17 19 (0.22%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 6,948 (81.52%) Developer
2 1,470 (17.25%) .NET Developer
3 1,302 (15.28%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 1,131 (13.27%) Senior Developer
5 1,085 (12.73%) C# Developer
6 1,083 (12.71%) Software Developer
7 1,056 (12.39%) PHP Developer
8 924 (10.84%) Web Developer
9 769 (9.02%) C# .NET Developer
10 728 (8.54%) Full Stack Developer
11 573 (6.72%) JavaScript Developer
12 526 (6.17%) Software Engineer
13 511 (6.00%) Junior
14 472 (5.54%) Java Developer
15 456 (5.35%) Junior Developer
16 333 (3.91%) ASP.NET Developer
17 309 (3.63%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 294 (3.45%) .NET Software Developer
19 286 (3.36%) React Developer
20 285 (3.34%) Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7,910 (92.81%) HTML
2 3,475 (40.77%) .NET
3 2,818 (33.06%) AngularJS
4 2,543 (29.84%) jQuery
5 2,237 (26.25%) ASP.NET
6 2,181 (25.59%) HTML5
7 1,699 (19.93%) React
8 1,475 (17.31%) CSS3
9 1,121 (13.15%) Sass
10 1,103 (12.94%) Web Services
11 1,088 (12.77%) ASP.NET MVC
12 1,053 (12.35%) Node.js
13 939 (11.02%) .NET Framework
14 908 (10.65%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 865 (10.15%) REST
16 805 (9.45%) XML
17 747 (8.76%) Vue.js
18 702 (8.24%) RESTful
19 696 (8.17%) .NET Core
20 688 (8.07%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 1,311 (15.38%) User Experience
2 557 (6.54%) Mobile App
3 553 (6.49%) Greenfield Project
4 337 (3.95%) Analytical Skills
5 277 (3.25%) Self-Motivation
6 224 (2.63%) Enterprise Software
7 58 (0.68%) Management Information System
8 56 (0.66%) Cloud Native
8 56 (0.66%) Graphic Design
9 54 (0.63%) Life Science
9 54 (0.63%) Social Media
10 52 (0.61%) Virtual Team
11 41 (0.48%) Data Structures
12 36 (0.42%) NHS
13 35 (0.41%) EPoS
13 35 (0.41%) W3C
14 34 (0.40%) Algorithms
15 33 (0.39%) Animation
16 30 (0.35%) Blog
16 30 (0.35%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 766 (8.99%) Linux
2 354 (4.15%) Windows
3 352 (4.13%) Android
4 336 (3.94%) Apple iOS
5 61 (0.72%) Windows Server
6 60 (0.70%) Unix
7 59 (0.69%) Debian
8 41 (0.48%) Mac OS
9 35 (0.41%) Ubuntu
10 30 (0.35%) CentOS
11 21 (0.25%) AIX
11 21 (0.25%) Windows 10
12 17 (0.20%) Windows 7
12 17 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
13 15 (0.18%) Windows XP
14 14 (0.16%) Mac OS X
14 14 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 13 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
16 11 (0.13%) Windows 2000
17 9 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,470 (40.71%) Agile Software Development
2 2,711 (31.81%) MVC
3 2,099 (24.63%) Web Development
4 1,707 (20.03%) Front End Development
5 1,206 (14.15%) TDD
6 1,103 (12.94%) Scrum
7 1,062 (12.46%) Software Engineering
8 968 (11.36%) OO
9 795 (9.33%) Problem-Solving
10 755 (8.86%) DevOps
11 730 (8.57%) OOP
12 672 (7.88%) Unit Testing
13 671 (7.87%) E-Commerce
14 582 (6.83%) Continuous Integration
15 575 (6.75%) SDLC
16 566 (6.64%) Computer Science
17 559 (6.56%) Test Automation
18 541 (6.35%) Mentoring
19 475 (5.57%) BDD
20 464 (5.44%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 7,286 (85.49%) JavaScript
2 3,561 (41.78%) C#
3 2,279 (26.74%) SQL
4 1,930 (22.64%) PHP
5 1,208 (14.17%) Java
6 756 (8.87%) TypeScript
7 503 (5.90%) Python
8 444 (5.21%) ES6
9 398 (4.67%) T-SQL
10 321 (3.77%) VB.NET
11 180 (2.11%) Ruby
12 166 (1.95%) Java 8
13 162 (1.90%) C++
14 102 (1.20%) PHP 7
15 100 (1.17%) C
16 96 (1.13%) PL/SQL
17 86 (1.01%) PowerShell
18 78 (0.92%) PHP 5
19 68 (0.80%) Bash Shell
20 66 (0.77%) VB
Qualifications
1 846 (9.93%) Degree
2 262 (3.07%) Computer Science Degree
3 108 (1.27%) Security Cleared
4 92 (1.08%) Microsoft Certification
5 54 (0.63%) SC Cleared
6 32 (0.38%) MCP
7 24 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
8 21 (0.25%) ISEB
9 19 (0.22%) DV Cleared
9 19 (0.22%) HND
10 16 (0.19%) ISTQB
11 15 (0.18%) DBS Check
12 11 (0.13%) Master's Degree
13 10 (0.12%) MCSE
14 7 (0.082%) MCSD
15 6 (0.070%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 6 (0.070%) SANS
16 5 (0.059%) CCNA
16 5 (0.059%) Cisco Certification
16 5 (0.059%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 272 (3.19%) QA
2 29 (0.34%) GDPR
3 19 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 17 (0.20%) SLA
5 16 (0.19%) WAI
6 13 (0.15%) PCI DSS
7 10 (0.12%) PMO
7 10 (0.12%) WCAG
8 6 (0.070%) Cyber Essentials
9 4 (0.047%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.012%) Data Quality
10 1 (0.012%) Dublin Core
10 1 (0.012%) ISO 14001
10 1 (0.012%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.012%) PSD2
10 1 (0.012%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 549 (6.44%) Docker
2 62 (0.73%) Active Directory
3 16 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (0.14%) Firmware
5 8 (0.094%) vCloud
6 7 (0.082%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.059%) Virtual Machines
8 4 (0.047%) KVM
9 1 (0.012%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.012%) Shibboleth
Systems Management
1 178 (2.09%) Kubernetes
2 98 (1.15%) Opscode Chef
3 73 (0.86%) Ansible
4 26 (0.31%) Terraform
5 13 (0.15%) Ganglia
5 13 (0.15%) Puppet
6 12 (0.14%) Kibana
7 11 (0.13%) Consul
7 11 (0.13%) SCCM
8 9 (0.11%) Single Sign-On
9 8 (0.094%) Data Guard
9 8 (0.094%) Grafana
9 8 (0.094%) HP Quality Center
9 8 (0.094%) logstash
9 8 (0.094%) Oracle RMAN
10 6 (0.070%) Marathon
10 6 (0.070%) Mesos
11 5 (0.059%) Matomo
11 5 (0.059%) Rancher
12 4 (0.047%) cPanel
Vendors
1 1,193 (14.00%) Microsoft
2 381 (4.47%) Oracle
3 361 (4.24%) Adobe
4 231 (2.71%) Google
5 222 (2.60%) Zend
6 127 (1.49%) Xamarin
7 94 (1.10%) SAP
8 69 (0.81%) Atlassian
9 58 (0.68%) Sitecore
10 56 (0.66%) Salesforce.com
11 47 (0.55%) IBM
12 35 (0.41%) WooCommerce
12 35 (0.41%) WorldPay
13 33 (0.39%) Splunk
14 32 (0.38%) Twitter
15 31 (0.36%) Red Hat
16 28 (0.33%) Apple
16 28 (0.33%) Cypress Semiconductor
17 26 (0.31%) ServiceNow
18 24 (0.28%) VMware