Period
to 21 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 21 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
21 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 12 17 14
Rank change year-on-year +5 -3 -2
Permanent jobs citing CSS 3,460 8,289 11,621
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 12.68% 10.57% 12.66%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 29.54% 28.83% 31.99%
Number of salaries quoted 3,530 7,690 10,928
Median annual salary £45,000 £43,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.65% +1.18% +6.25%
10th Percentile £30,000 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £65,000 £61,250 £62,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,308
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.57% +2.91%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 11,714 28,754 36,331
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 42.92% 36.67% 39.58%
Number of salaries quoted 9,924 23,447 30,396
Median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £32,500 £29,500 £28,750
90th Percentile £71,250 £68,750 £67,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £51,273
% change year-on-year +4.55% +7.27% +2.55%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the UK excluding London

CSS
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for CSS in the UK excluding London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 21 October 2020.

Salary histogram for CSS in the UK excluding London

CSS
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 21 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +5 1,086 £50,000 +11.11% 257
North of England +2 873 £45,000 +5.88% 365
Midlands +2 526 £42,500 +6.25% 242
North West +4 510 £45,000 - 219
South West +9 501 £45,000 +5.88% 169
West Midlands +1 301 £44,000 +7.32% 140
Yorkshire +16 279 £40,000 - 104
East of England +8 230 £45,000 - 95
East Midlands +1 224 £42,500 +6.25% 101
Scotland -5 143 £42,500 - 41
North East +14 83 £42,500 -2.30% 42
Wales +5 83 £41,000 +2.50% 34
Northern Ireland -7 22 £40,000 -5.88% 8
Channel Islands - 1 £65,000 -
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 21 October 2020, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 3,239 (93.61%) HTML
2 2,953 (85.35%) JavaScript
3 1,334 (38.55%) Agile Software Development
4 1,271 (36.73%) .NET
5 1,249 (36.10%) C#
6 1,109 (32.05%) AngularJS
7 999 (28.87%) MVC
8 949 (27.43%) SQL
9 912 (26.36%) React
10 903 (26.10%) HTML5
11 858 (24.80%) Git (software)
12 853 (24.65%) jQuery
13 849 (24.54%) PHP
14 766 (22.14%) Front End Development
15 755 (21.82%) SQL Server
16 723 (20.90%) ASP.NET
17 706 (20.40%) Web Development
18 608 (17.57%) MySQL
19 586 (16.94%) CSS3
20 581 (16.79%) Azure
21 545 (15.75%) Node.js
22 536 (15.49%) User Experience
23 512 (14.80%) .NET Core
24 506 (14.62%) Vue.js
25 490 (14.16%) TypeScript
26 477 (13.79%) DevOps
27 457 (13.21%) Software Engineering
28 451 (13.03%) Scrum
29 441 (12.75%) .NET Framework
29 441 (12.75%) REST

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 210 (6.07%) CMS
2 187 (5.40%) WordPress
3 83 (2.40%) Apache
4 60 (1.73%) IIS
5 54 (1.56%) NServiceBus
6 48 (1.39%) Drupal
7 44 (1.27%) Elasticsearch
8 35 (1.01%) nginx
9 30 (0.87%) Confluence
10 28 (0.81%) SharePoint
11 25 (0.72%) Umbraco
12 22 (0.64%) Tomcat
13 18 (0.52%) Joomla!
14 16 (0.46%) Jadu
15 10 (0.29%) Apache Solr
16 8 (0.23%) SharePoint 2013
17 7 (0.20%) DNN
17 7 (0.20%) EPiServer
18 6 (0.17%) Kentico
18 6 (0.17%) Liferay
Applications
1 79 (2.28%) Photoshop
2 59 (1.71%) Sketch
3 40 (1.16%) InVision
4 32 (0.92%) Adobe Illustrator
5 28 (0.81%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 25 (0.72%) Adobe XD
7 22 (0.64%) Figma
8 21 (0.61%) Microsoft Excel
9 11 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
10 9 (0.26%) MS Visio
11 7 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 7 (0.20%) OmniGraffle
11 7 (0.20%) UXPin
11 7 (0.20%) Zeplin
12 6 (0.17%) Chatbot
12 6 (0.17%) InDesign
13 3 (0.087%) Moqups
14 1 (0.029%) FileZilla
14 1 (0.029%) Marvel
14 1 (0.029%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 135 (3.90%) Magento
2 39 (1.13%) Shopify
3 28 (0.81%) Dynamics CRM
4 26 (0.75%) Payment Gateway
4 26 (0.75%) Remedy ITSM
5 8 (0.23%) Adobe Campaign
6 6 (0.17%) Eloqua
7 5 (0.14%) NetSuite
7 5 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 5 (0.14%) Unica
8 4 (0.12%) OpenCart
9 2 (0.058%) Maximo
9 2 (0.058%) Oracle Applications
9 2 (0.058%) SAP S/4HANA
10 1 (0.029%) Dynamics AX
10 1 (0.029%) Odoo
10 1 (0.029%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
10 1 (0.029%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 1 (0.029%) SDL Web 8
10 1 (0.029%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 581 (16.79%) Azure
2 301 (8.70%) AWS
3 187 (5.40%) SaaS
4 118 (3.41%) npm
5 83 (2.40%) GitHub
6 57 (1.65%) Serverless
7 43 (1.24%) Cloud Computing
7 43 (1.24%) PaaS
8 41 (1.18%) Power Platform
9 40 (1.16%) GCP
10 34 (0.98%) IaaS
11 29 (0.84%) AWS Lambda
12 22 (0.64%) Dynamics 365
13 17 (0.49%) Office 365
13 17 (0.49%) Yarn
14 16 (0.46%) Amazon EC2
15 15 (0.43%) Google Analytics
16 13 (0.38%) Amazon S3
17 12 (0.35%) Veeva
18 10 (0.29%) iTunes
Communications & Networking
1 97 (2.80%) HTTP
2 56 (1.62%) Skype
3 41 (1.18%) Internet
4 23 (0.66%) Network Security
4 23 (0.66%) SSL
5 15 (0.43%) VPN
6 13 (0.38%) TCP/IP
7 12 (0.35%) Ethernet
8 11 (0.32%) RTP
9 10 (0.29%) Intranet
9 10 (0.29%) MQTT
10 9 (0.26%) FTP
11 8 (0.23%) Broadband
12 7 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
13 6 (0.17%) Bluetooth
13 6 (0.17%) DNS
13 6 (0.17%) SSH
14 4 (0.12%) AMQP
14 4 (0.12%) Wireless
15 3 (0.087%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 755 (21.82%) SQL Server
2 608 (17.57%) MySQL
3 164 (4.74%) MongoDB
4 161 (4.65%) NoSQL
5 158 (4.57%) Relational Database
6 92 (2.66%) PostgreSQL
7 73 (2.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 64 (1.85%) SQL Server 2012
9 55 (1.59%) Redis
10 47 (1.36%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 37 (1.07%) Big Data
12 36 (1.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 30 (0.87%) Azure SQL Database
14 27 (0.78%) SQL Server 2008
15 26 (0.75%) Power BI
16 19 (0.55%) RDBMS
16 19 (0.55%) SQL Server 2016
16 19 (0.55%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 17 (0.49%) Cosmos DB
17 17 (0.49%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 858 (24.80%) Git (software)
2 186 (5.38%) webpack
3 166 (4.80%) Team Foundation Server
4 151 (4.36%) JIRA
5 125 (3.61%) Visual Studio
6 121 (3.50%) gulp
7 95 (2.75%) Selenium
8 94 (2.72%) Jenkins
9 69 (1.99%) Grunt
10 59 (1.71%) Subversion
11 46 (1.33%) JUnit
12 45 (1.30%) NUnit
13 44 (1.27%) Bitbucket
13 44 (1.27%) PHPUnit
14 42 (1.21%) Cypress.io
14 42 (1.21%) Maven
15 40 (1.16%) Jasmine
16 37 (1.07%) Visual Studio Team System
17 35 (1.01%) Babel
18 26 (0.75%) Protractor
General
1 312 (9.02%) Finance
2 207 (5.98%) Marketing
3 97 (2.80%) Retail
4 90 (2.60%) Public Sector
5 57 (1.65%) Manufacturing
6 56 (1.62%) Games
7 49 (1.42%) Telecoms
8 34 (0.98%) Electronics
9 23 (0.66%) Advertising
9 23 (0.66%) Law
10 19 (0.55%) Back Office
11 18 (0.52%) Local Government
11 18 (0.52%) Publishing
12 16 (0.46%) Automotive
12 16 (0.46%) Legal
13 6 (0.17%) Banking
13 6 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
14 5 (0.14%) Digital Economy
14 5 (0.14%) Financial Institution
14 5 (0.14%) Korean Language
Job Titles
1 2,866 (82.83%) Developer
2 595 (17.20%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 549 (15.87%) Senior Developer
4 478 (13.82%) PHP Developer
5 469 (13.55%) .NET Developer
6 370 (10.69%) Software Developer
7 312 (9.02%) C# Developer
8 311 (8.99%) Full Stack Developer
9 291 (8.41%) Web Developer
10 245 (7.08%) Software Engineer
11 234 (6.76%) JavaScript Developer
12 209 (6.04%) React Developer
13 184 (5.32%) C# .NET Developer
14 131 (3.79%) Junior
15 130 (3.76%) Angular Developer
15 130 (3.76%) Java Developer
16 128 (3.70%) Lead Developer
17 114 (3.29%) Junior Developer
18 113 (3.27%) Senior .NET Developer
19 105 (3.03%) Senior PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,239 (93.61%) HTML
2 1,271 (36.73%) .NET
3 1,109 (32.05%) AngularJS
4 912 (26.36%) React
5 903 (26.10%) HTML5
6 853 (24.65%) jQuery
7 723 (20.90%) ASP.NET
8 586 (16.94%) CSS3
9 545 (15.75%) Node.js
10 512 (14.80%) .NET Core
11 506 (14.62%) Vue.js
12 441 (12.75%) .NET Framework
12 441 (12.75%) REST
13 401 (11.59%) ASP.NET MVC
14 392 (11.33%) Sass
15 371 (10.72%) ASP.NET Web API
16 359 (10.38%) Web Services
17 305 (8.82%) RESTful
17 305 (8.82%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 291 (8.41%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 536 (15.49%) User Experience
2 231 (6.68%) Greenfield Project
3 187 (5.40%) Mobile App
4 126 (3.64%) Analytical Skills
5 89 (2.57%) Self-Motivation
6 60 (1.73%) Enterprise Software
7 29 (0.84%) N-Tier
8 20 (0.58%) Linux Command Line
9 19 (0.55%) Embedded Systems
10 18 (0.52%) Social Media
11 14 (0.40%) CMDB
12 13 (0.38%) Data Structures
12 13 (0.38%) Virtual Team
13 12 (0.35%) Blog
14 11 (0.32%) Cloud Native
14 11 (0.32%) Graphic Design
15 10 (0.29%) PlayStation
15 10 (0.29%) Video Conferencing
16 9 (0.26%) Algorithms
17 8 (0.23%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 303 (8.76%) Linux
2 153 (4.42%) Windows
3 93 (2.69%) Android
4 84 (2.43%) Apple iOS
5 38 (1.10%) Windows Server
6 23 (0.66%) Unix
7 18 (0.52%) Ubuntu
8 11 (0.32%) CentOS
9 10 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
10 8 (0.23%) Windows 10
10 8 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
11 6 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
12 3 (0.087%) Solaris
12 3 (0.087%) Windows 7
13 1 (0.029%) AIX
13 1 (0.029%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,334 (38.55%) Agile Software Development
2 999 (28.87%) MVC
3 766 (22.14%) Front End Development
4 706 (20.40%) Web Development
5 477 (13.79%) DevOps
6 457 (13.21%) Software Engineering
7 451 (13.03%) Scrum
8 365 (10.55%) TDD
9 339 (9.80%) Microservices
10 320 (9.25%) OO
11 313 (9.05%) OOP
12 306 (8.84%) E-Commerce
13 259 (7.49%) Unit Testing
14 248 (7.17%) Test Automation
15 244 (7.05%) Problem-Solving
16 224 (6.47%) Continuous Integration
17 216 (6.24%) Mentoring
18 195 (5.64%) SDLC
19 164 (4.74%) SOLID
20 148 (4.28%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 2,953 (85.35%) JavaScript
2 1,249 (36.10%) C#
3 949 (27.43%) SQL
4 849 (24.54%) PHP
5 490 (14.16%) TypeScript
6 373 (10.78%) Java
7 229 (6.62%) Python
8 174 (5.03%) ES6
9 142 (4.10%) T-SQL
10 113 (3.27%) C++
11 64 (1.85%) VB.NET
12 50 (1.45%) C
13 44 (1.27%) Java 8
14 37 (1.07%) PowerShell
15 36 (1.04%) PL/SQL
16 34 (0.98%) Go
17 33 (0.95%) Ruby
18 29 (0.84%) Objective-C
19 28 (0.81%) Apple Swift
20 25 (0.72%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 319 (9.22%) Degree
2 91 (2.63%) Computer Science Degree
3 57 (1.65%) Security Cleared
4 43 (1.24%) SC Cleared
5 11 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
6 10 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
7 9 (0.26%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.14%) HNC
8 5 (0.14%) HND
9 4 (0.12%) Postgraduate
10 3 (0.087%) AWS Certification
11 2 (0.058%) CEH
11 2 (0.058%) MCPD
11 2 (0.058%) PhD
11 2 (0.058%) SAP Certification
12 1 (0.029%) Analytics IQ
12 1 (0.029%) CCNA
12 1 (0.029%) CCNP
12 1 (0.029%) Cisco Certification
12 1 (0.029%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 139 (4.02%) QA
2 16 (0.46%) GDPR
3 10 (0.29%) Data Quality
4 7 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (0.20%) SLA
5 5 (0.14%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.087%) WCAG
7 2 (0.058%) NCSC
7 2 (0.058%) NIST
8 1 (0.029%) PMO
System Software
1 288 (8.32%) Docker
2 9 (0.26%) Firmware
3 7 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (0.17%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.17%) vSphere
5 5 (0.14%) Squid
6 2 (0.058%) Citrix Hypervisor
6 2 (0.058%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.058%) Microsoft Virtual Server
6 2 (0.058%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.058%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.029%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 125 (3.61%) Kubernetes
2 37 (1.07%) Terraform
3 17 (0.49%) Ansible
4 16 (0.46%) cPanel
5 14 (0.40%) HP UCMDB
6 12 (0.35%) MIIS
7 10 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
8 7 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
9 5 (0.14%) Kibana
10 4 (0.12%) Puppet
11 3 (0.087%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
11 3 (0.087%) Plesk
11 3 (0.087%) vRealize
12 2 (0.058%) Capistrano
12 2 (0.058%) TeamSite
13 1 (0.029%) Grafana
Vendors
1 342 (9.88%) Microsoft
2 109 (3.15%) Zend
3 93 (2.69%) Adobe
4 85 (2.46%) Oracle
5 50 (1.45%) Salesforce.com
6 47 (1.36%) Xamarin
7 45 (1.30%) SAP
8 42 (1.21%) Google
9 40 (1.16%) ServiceNow
10 30 (0.87%) Remedy
11 25 (0.72%) Splunk
12 23 (0.66%) VMware
13 22 (0.64%) Atlassian
14 15 (0.43%) HubSpot
15 14 (0.40%) BMC
15 14 (0.40%) HP
15 14 (0.40%) SolarWinds
16 11 (0.32%) Apple
17 10 (0.29%) Siebel
17 10 (0.29%) WooCommerce