Period
to 19 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 19 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
19 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 15 14 13
Rank change year-on-year -1 -1 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 7,800 10,575 14,220
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 11.22% 12.47% 14.03%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 29.57% 31.84% 33.76%
Number of salaries quoted 6,731 8,908 12,745
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,000 £26,250
90th Percentile £62,500 £62,500 £57,500
UK median annual salary £47,500 £46,528 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.09% +3.39% +5.88%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 26,379 33,213 42,125
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 37.95% 39.17% 41.56%
Number of salaries quoted 21,704 27,102 35,722
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £70,000 £67,500 £63,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the UK excluding London

CSS
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for CSS in the UK excluding London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 19 February 2020.

Salary histogram for CSS in the UK excluding London

CSS
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 19 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East 0 2,689 £45,000 - 558
North of England -4 1,571 £45,000 +5.88% 652
Midlands +3 1,167 £40,000 +1.27% 379
South West -4 956 £40,500 +1.25% 287
North West -4 929 £45,000 - 400
West Midlands +3 621 £40,000 +0.82% 174
East of England -2 613 £50,000 +10.94% 224
Scotland +1 561 £42,500 +6.25% 153
East Midlands +2 547 £40,000 +3.90% 205
Yorkshire -6 522 £40,000 - 182
Wales -3 180 £37,500 +7.14% 87
North East -4 120 £37,500 - 70
Northern Ireland -4 66 £50,000 +25.00% 24
Channel Islands +2 4 £65,000 +44.44% 2
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 19 February 2020, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 7,244 (92.87%) HTML
2 6,705 (85.96%) JavaScript
3 3,472 (44.51%) C#
4 3,417 (43.81%) .NET
5 3,354 (43.00%) Agile Software Development
6 2,666 (34.18%) AngularJS
7 2,569 (32.94%) MVC
8 2,239 (28.71%) jQuery
9 2,167 (27.78%) SQL
10 2,057 (26.37%) ASP.NET
11 2,036 (26.10%) HTML5
12 1,872 (24.00%) Web Development
13 1,800 (23.08%) SQL Server
14 1,654 (21.21%) PHP
15 1,639 (21.01%) React
16 1,633 (20.94%) Front End Development
17 1,595 (20.45%) Git (software)
18 1,367 (17.53%) Azure
19 1,289 (16.53%) CSS3
20 1,279 (16.40%) MySQL
21 1,152 (14.77%) Web Services
22 1,108 (14.21%) Microsoft
23 1,105 (14.17%) User Experience
24 1,087 (13.94%) Sass
25 1,083 (13.88%) Node.js
26 1,073 (13.76%) Scrum
27 1,056 (13.54%) ASP.NET MVC
28 1,048 (13.44%) Java
29 1,046 (13.41%) Software Engineering
30 1,015 (13.01%) TDD

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 504 (6.46%) CMS
2 350 (4.49%) WordPress
3 162 (2.08%) SharePoint
4 157 (2.01%) Apache
5 140 (1.79%) IIS
6 122 (1.56%) Drupal
7 104 (1.33%) Confluence
8 103 (1.32%) Umbraco
9 91 (1.17%) Elasticsearch
10 74 (0.95%) Tomcat
11 72 (0.92%) nginx
12 60 (0.77%) EPiServer
13 59 (0.76%) Sitecore CMS
14 50 (0.64%) JBoss
15 32 (0.41%) SharePoint 2013
16 31 (0.40%) Joomla!
17 24 (0.31%) Cloud Foundry
18 20 (0.26%) Kentico
19 19 (0.24%) OpenStack
20 18 (0.23%) ColdFusion
Applications
1 198 (2.54%) Photoshop
2 112 (1.44%) Sketch
3 109 (1.40%) Adobe Illustrator
4 86 (1.10%) Microsoft Office
5 80 (1.03%) InVision
6 69 (0.88%) Adobe XD
7 67 (0.86%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 47 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
9 30 (0.38%) Zeplin
10 20 (0.26%) Figma
11 16 (0.21%) MS Visio
12 13 (0.17%) InfoPath
13 12 (0.15%) InDesign
13 12 (0.15%) UserZoom
14 11 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
15 9 (0.12%) Marvel
16 6 (0.077%) Acrobat
16 6 (0.077%) GIMP
17 5 (0.064%) Chatbot
18 3 (0.038%) Fireworks
Business Applications
1 188 (2.41%) Magento
2 69 (0.88%) Dynamics CRM
3 41 (0.53%) Shopify
4 32 (0.41%) Payment Gateway
5 13 (0.17%) NetSuite
6 12 (0.15%) OpenCart
7 10 (0.13%) GoldMine
8 8 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
9 7 (0.090%) Distributed Ledger
10 5 (0.064%) SDL Web 8
11 4 (0.051%) Adobe Campaign
12 3 (0.038%) Dynamics AX
12 3 (0.038%) WebTrends
13 2 (0.026%) Eloqua
13 2 (0.026%) Epicor Tropos
13 2 (0.026%) SAP Hybris
13 2 (0.026%) Summit
14 1 (0.013%) Odoo
14 1 (0.013%) Siebel CRM
14 1 (0.013%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 1,367 (17.53%) Azure
2 821 (10.53%) AWS
3 387 (4.96%) SaaS
4 228 (2.92%) npm
5 204 (2.62%) GitHub
6 120 (1.54%) GCP
7 106 (1.36%) Serverless
8 71 (0.91%) PaaS
9 69 (0.88%) Google Analytics
10 62 (0.79%) Amazon S3
11 55 (0.71%) Power Platform
12 52 (0.67%) AWS Lambda
12 52 (0.67%) Office 365
13 38 (0.49%) Cloud Computing
14 32 (0.41%) Amazon EC2
15 28 (0.36%) Amazon ECS
16 27 (0.35%) Dynamics 365
16 27 (0.35%) G Suite
16 27 (0.35%) Yarn
17 25 (0.32%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 113 (1.45%) Internet
2 78 (1.00%) HTTP
3 46 (0.59%) Intranet
4 26 (0.33%) TCP/IP
5 22 (0.28%) DNS
6 19 (0.24%) Wireless
7 18 (0.23%) Firewall
7 18 (0.23%) SSH
7 18 (0.23%) SSL
8 15 (0.19%) Network Security
9 13 (0.17%) RFID
10 11 (0.14%) RTP
11 10 (0.13%) AMQP
12 8 (0.10%) DAB
13 6 (0.077%) Extranet
14 5 (0.064%) GPON
14 5 (0.064%) HTTPS
14 5 (0.064%) Tactical Data Link
14 5 (0.064%) Wi-Fi
15 4 (0.051%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,800 (23.08%) SQL Server
2 1,279 (16.40%) MySQL
3 382 (4.90%) Relational Database
4 267 (3.42%) MongoDB
5 220 (2.82%) NoSQL
6 178 (2.28%) PostgreSQL
7 140 (1.79%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 128 (1.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 110 (1.41%) Big Data
10 107 (1.37%) RDBMS
11 99 (1.27%) SQL Server 2012
12 72 (0.92%) SQL Server 2016
13 71 (0.91%) Redis
14 65 (0.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 55 (0.71%) Azure SQL Database
16 53 (0.68%) Power BI
17 49 (0.63%) MariaDB
18 35 (0.45%) Amazon Athena
19 31 (0.40%) SQL Server 2014
20 30 (0.38%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 1,595 (20.45%) Git (software)
2 502 (6.44%) Visual Studio
3 383 (4.91%) webpack
4 370 (4.74%) JIRA
5 345 (4.42%) gulp
6 294 (3.77%) Team Foundation Server
7 260 (3.33%) Jenkins
8 236 (3.03%) Grunt
9 227 (2.91%) Selenium
10 218 (2.79%) Subversion
11 153 (1.96%) Jasmine
12 149 (1.91%) NUnit
13 119 (1.53%) TeamCity
14 117 (1.50%) Maven
15 105 (1.35%) Bitbucket
16 79 (1.01%) Octopus Deploy
17 76 (0.97%) GitLab
18 74 (0.95%) JUnit
18 74 (0.95%) Visual Studio Team System
19 72 (0.92%) StyleCop
General
1 738 (9.46%) Finance
2 370 (4.74%) Marketing
3 369 (4.73%) Retail
4 131 (1.68%) Public Sector
5 122 (1.56%) Manufacturing
6 119 (1.53%) Games
7 93 (1.19%) Automotive
8 86 (1.10%) Banking
9 82 (1.05%) Telecoms
10 66 (0.85%) Legal
11 50 (0.64%) Electronics
12 42 (0.54%) Advertising
13 33 (0.42%) Law
14 26 (0.33%) Aerospace
14 26 (0.33%) Publishing
15 25 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
16 22 (0.28%) Military
17 19 (0.24%) Financial Institution
18 17 (0.22%) Back Office
19 16 (0.21%) Police
Job Titles
1 6,394 (81.97%) Developer
2 1,499 (19.22%) .NET Developer
3 1,197 (15.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 1,092 (14.00%) Senior Developer
5 1,062 (13.62%) C# Developer
6 986 (12.64%) Software Developer
7 874 (11.21%) Web Developer
8 818 (10.49%) PHP Developer
9 792 (10.15%) Full Stack Developer
10 677 (8.68%) C# .NET Developer
11 540 (6.92%) JavaScript Developer
12 481 (6.17%) Software Engineer
13 472 (6.05%) Junior
14 396 (5.08%) Junior Developer
15 376 (4.82%) Java Developer
16 358 (4.59%) React Developer
17 319 (4.09%) Angular Developer
18 295 (3.78%) ASP.NET Developer
19 286 (3.67%) .NET Software Developer
20 275 (3.53%) C# Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7,244 (92.87%) HTML
2 3,417 (43.81%) .NET
3 2,666 (34.18%) AngularJS
4 2,239 (28.71%) jQuery
5 2,057 (26.37%) ASP.NET
6 2,036 (26.10%) HTML5
7 1,639 (21.01%) React
8 1,289 (16.53%) CSS3
9 1,152 (14.77%) Web Services
10 1,087 (13.94%) Sass
11 1,083 (13.88%) Node.js
12 1,056 (13.54%) ASP.NET MVC
13 982 (12.59%) .NET Framework
14 950 (12.18%) REST
15 876 (11.23%) Vue.js
16 793 (10.17%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 720 (9.23%) ASP.NET Web API
18 712 (9.13%) RESTful
19 694 (8.90%) .NET Core
20 649 (8.32%) Laravel
Miscellaneous
1 1,105 (14.17%) User Experience
2 650 (8.33%) Greenfield Project
3 485 (6.22%) Mobile App
4 317 (4.06%) Self-Motivation
5 313 (4.01%) Analytical Skills
6 180 (2.31%) Enterprise Software
7 75 (0.96%) Linux Command Line
8 56 (0.72%) Algorithms
9 48 (0.62%) Graphic Design
9 48 (0.62%) Virtual Team
10 47 (0.60%) Data Structures
11 44 (0.56%) W3C
12 41 (0.53%) Management Information System
13 38 (0.49%) Smartphone
14 37 (0.47%) NHS
15 36 (0.46%) Driving Licence
16 33 (0.42%) Animation
17 29 (0.37%) Cloud Native
18 27 (0.35%) Robotics
19 25 (0.32%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 602 (7.72%) Linux
2 363 (4.65%) Windows
3 308 (3.95%) Android
4 263 (3.37%) Apple iOS
5 71 (0.91%) Unix
6 48 (0.62%) Windows Server
7 45 (0.58%) Ubuntu
8 25 (0.32%) CentOS
9 23 (0.29%) Mac OS
10 16 (0.21%) Debian
11 13 (0.17%) VMS
12 12 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
13 9 (0.12%) Windows Phone
14 8 (0.10%) Windows 7
14 8 (0.10%) Windows 8
15 7 (0.090%) Mac OS X
16 5 (0.064%) AIX
16 5 (0.064%) Windows 10
16 5 (0.064%) Windows Phone 8
17 3 (0.038%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,354 (43.00%) Agile Software Development
2 2,569 (32.94%) MVC
3 1,872 (24.00%) Web Development
4 1,633 (20.94%) Front End Development
5 1,073 (13.76%) Scrum
6 1,046 (13.41%) Software Engineering
7 1,015 (13.01%) TDD
8 873 (11.19%) OO
9 779 (9.99%) DevOps
10 687 (8.81%) Problem-Solving
11 654 (8.38%) Unit Testing
12 651 (8.35%) Test Automation
13 611 (7.83%) OOP
14 566 (7.26%) E-Commerce
15 544 (6.97%) Continuous Integration
16 502 (6.44%) SDLC
17 495 (6.35%) Computer Science
18 493 (6.32%) Mentoring
19 478 (6.13%) Microservices
20 384 (4.92%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 6,705 (85.96%) JavaScript
2 3,472 (44.51%) C#
3 2,167 (27.78%) SQL
4 1,654 (21.21%) PHP
5 1,048 (13.44%) Java
6 757 (9.71%) TypeScript
7 551 (7.06%) Python
8 437 (5.60%) ES6
9 389 (4.99%) T-SQL
10 341 (4.37%) VB.NET
11 211 (2.71%) C++
12 170 (2.18%) Ruby
13 147 (1.88%) Java 8
14 115 (1.47%) C
15 98 (1.26%) PHP 7
16 79 (1.01%) VB
17 73 (0.94%) Go
18 68 (0.87%) PL/SQL
19 65 (0.83%) PowerShell
20 60 (0.77%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 790 (10.13%) Degree
2 238 (3.05%) Computer Science Degree
3 162 (2.08%) Security Cleared
4 97 (1.24%) Microsoft Certification
5 93 (1.19%) SC Cleared
6 29 (0.37%) HND
7 22 (0.28%) Postgraduate
8 21 (0.27%) DBS Check
9 17 (0.22%) MCSD
9 17 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
10 14 (0.18%) Analytics IQ
11 13 (0.17%) Master's Degree
11 13 (0.17%) MCP
12 12 (0.15%) CIW
13 11 (0.14%) MCAD
14 9 (0.12%) AWS Certification
15 7 (0.090%) BPSS Clearance
15 7 (0.090%) OCA
15 7 (0.090%) Oracle Certification
16 6 (0.077%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 270 (3.46%) QA
2 42 (0.54%) GDPR
3 40 (0.51%) WCAG
4 33 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 15 (0.19%) PCI DSS
6 14 (0.18%) WAI
7 10 (0.13%) SLA
8 6 (0.077%) ISO 9001
9 4 (0.051%) SEPA
10 3 (0.038%) PMO
11 2 (0.026%) ISO 9000
12 1 (0.013%) HL7
12 1 (0.013%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 532 (6.82%) Docker
2 28 (0.36%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.064%) Varnish
3 5 (0.064%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (0.038%) Firmware
4 3 (0.038%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.026%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.026%) vCloud
6 1 (0.013%) vSphere
6 1 (0.013%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 191 (2.45%) Kubernetes
2 46 (0.59%) Ansible
3 42 (0.54%) Terraform
4 37 (0.47%) Kibana
5 35 (0.45%) Opscode Chef
6 28 (0.36%) logstash
7 23 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
8 15 (0.19%) cPanel
8 15 (0.19%) HP Quality Center
9 12 (0.15%) Plesk
10 10 (0.13%) Puppet
11 6 (0.077%) Rancher
12 5 (0.064%) Matomo
13 3 (0.038%) Docker Swarm
13 3 (0.038%) Ganglia
13 3 (0.038%) Marathon
13 3 (0.038%) Mesos
13 3 (0.038%) Nagios
13 3 (0.038%) Prometheus
13 3 (0.038%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 1,108 (14.21%) Microsoft
2 289 (3.71%) Adobe
3 272 (3.49%) Oracle
4 254 (3.26%) Google
5 193 (2.47%) Zend
6 144 (1.85%) Xamarin
7 87 (1.12%) Sitecore
8 85 (1.09%) Atlassian
9 61 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
10 56 (0.72%) IBM
11 53 (0.68%) SAP
12 41 (0.53%) Splunk
13 19 (0.24%) Apple
14 18 (0.23%) WooCommerce
15 17 (0.22%) Telerik
16 16 (0.21%) Tableau
17 14 (0.18%) Sage
17 14 (0.18%) Sencha
17 14 (0.18%) ServiceNow
18 13 (0.17%) VMware