Period
to 3 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 3 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
3 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 15 16 13
Rank change year-on-year +1 -3 -2
Permanent jobs citing CSS 4,316 9,047 12,768
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 11.56% 10.91% 13.00%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 29.11% 29.48% 32.10%
Number of salaries quoted 4,148 8,336 12,164
Median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £30,000 £27,489 £27,500
90th Percentile £63,750 £60,000 £61,250
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 14,828 30,692 39,777
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 39.72% 37.01% 40.50%
Number of salaries quoted 12,268 25,138 33,503
Median annual salary £48,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.67% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,750 £28,500
90th Percentile £70,000 £68,750 £65,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the UK excluding London

CSS
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for CSS in the UK excluding London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 3 August 2020.

Salary histogram for CSS in the UK excluding London

CSS
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 3 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +3 1,483 £47,500 +5.56% 153
North of England 0 1,049 £45,000 +7.14% 293
North West +3 636 £45,000 +5.88% 163
Midlands 0 589 £45,000 +12.50% 176
South West +4 547 £42,500 +6.25% 127
West Midlands +3 363 £45,000 +12.50% 92
Yorkshire +15 346 £41,500 +3.75% 95
East of England 0 289 £45,000 - 72
East Midlands 0 224 £42,500 +6.25% 84
Scotland 0 222 £45,000 +9.59% 39
Wales -1 107 £40,000 +6.67% 25
North East +4 67 £42,500 - 35
Northern Ireland -15 26 £60,000 +41.18% 8
Channel Islands +3 7 £65,000 -13.33%
Isle of Man +5 1 - -
South Coast - 1 - -
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 3 August 2020, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 4,011 (92.93%) HTML
2 3,659 (84.78%) JavaScript
3 1,866 (43.23%) Agile Software Development
4 1,696 (39.30%) .NET
5 1,656 (38.37%) C#
6 1,502 (34.80%) AngularJS
7 1,344 (31.14%) MVC
8 1,210 (28.04%) SQL
9 1,176 (27.25%) HTML5
10 1,154 (26.74%) jQuery
11 1,046 (24.24%) Git (software)
12 1,027 (23.80%) React
13 1,002 (23.22%) PHP
14 983 (22.78%) Web Development
15 982 (22.75%) Front End Development
16 960 (22.24%) ASP.NET
17 950 (22.01%) SQL Server
18 749 (17.35%) CSS3
19 745 (17.26%) MySQL
20 716 (16.59%) Azure
21 676 (15.66%) Node.js
22 658 (15.25%) User Experience
23 648 (15.01%) Scrum
24 613 (14.20%) .NET Framework
25 602 (13.95%) Vue.js
26 580 (13.44%) Software Engineering
27 553 (12.81%) .NET Core
28 545 (12.63%) Web Services
29 519 (12.03%) TDD
30 517 (11.98%) Sass

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 249 (5.77%) CMS
2 201 (4.66%) WordPress
3 149 (3.45%) Apache
4 74 (1.71%) IIS
5 60 (1.39%) SharePoint
6 53 (1.23%) Umbraco
7 52 (1.20%) Elasticsearch
8 51 (1.18%) nginx
9 31 (0.72%) Drupal
10 30 (0.70%) Tomcat
11 29 (0.67%) Confluence
12 25 (0.58%) NServiceBus
13 18 (0.42%) Joomla!
14 16 (0.37%) SharePoint 2013
14 16 (0.37%) Sitecore CMS
15 12 (0.28%) Apache Solr
16 11 (0.25%) ExpressionEngine
16 11 (0.25%) JBoss
17 10 (0.23%) Jadu
18 8 (0.19%) Liferay
Applications
1 105 (2.43%) Photoshop
2 58 (1.34%) Sketch
3 52 (1.20%) Microsoft Excel
4 44 (1.02%) Adobe Illustrator
5 40 (0.93%) Microsoft Office
6 39 (0.90%) InVision
7 33 (0.76%) Adobe XD
8 17 (0.39%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 14 (0.32%) Zeplin
10 12 (0.28%) UXPin
11 9 (0.21%) InDesign
11 9 (0.21%) MadCap Flare
12 7 (0.16%) OmniGraffle
13 6 (0.14%) Chatbot
13 6 (0.14%) Figma
14 5 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
15 4 (0.093%) Marvel
15 4 (0.093%) MS Visio
16 2 (0.046%) FileZilla
16 2 (0.046%) Fireworks
Business Applications
1 162 (3.75%) Magento
2 33 (0.76%) Shopify
3 29 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
4 27 (0.63%) Remedy ITSM
5 26 (0.60%) Payment Gateway
6 10 (0.23%) NetSuite
7 8 (0.19%) OpenCart
7 8 (0.19%) SDL Web 8
8 6 (0.14%) Eloqua
9 4 (0.093%) Adobe Campaign
10 3 (0.070%) Maximo
11 2 (0.046%) Dynamics AX
11 2 (0.046%) SAP BPC
11 2 (0.046%) Summit
12 1 (0.023%) Oracle Applications
12 1 (0.023%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
12 1 (0.023%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 1 (0.023%) SessionCam
12 1 (0.023%) Social Studio
12 1 (0.023%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 716 (16.59%) Azure
2 372 (8.62%) AWS
3 220 (5.10%) SaaS
4 164 (3.80%) npm
5 79 (1.83%) Serverless
6 77 (1.78%) GitHub
7 70 (1.62%) GCP
8 54 (1.25%) Power Platform
9 45 (1.04%) PaaS
10 39 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
11 37 (0.86%) AWS Lambda
12 25 (0.58%) Yarn
13 24 (0.56%) Dynamics 365
14 22 (0.51%) Google Analytics
15 21 (0.49%) Amazon S3
16 20 (0.46%) Office 365
17 16 (0.37%) IaaS
18 15 (0.35%) PowerApps
19 13 (0.30%) Amazon EC2
19 13 (0.30%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 78 (1.81%) HTTP
2 45 (1.04%) Internet
3 43 (1.00%) Skype
4 30 (0.70%) Network Security
5 27 (0.63%) Intranet
6 22 (0.51%) SSL
7 15 (0.35%) TCP/IP
7 15 (0.35%) VPN
8 10 (0.23%) Broadband
8 10 (0.23%) DNS
8 10 (0.23%) SSH
8 10 (0.23%) Wireless
9 8 (0.19%) MQTT
9 8 (0.19%) RTP
10 7 (0.16%) Firewall
11 5 (0.12%) Bluetooth
11 5 (0.12%) Ethernet
11 5 (0.12%) Extranet
11 5 (0.12%) WAN
11 5 (0.12%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 950 (22.01%) SQL Server
2 745 (17.26%) MySQL
3 192 (4.45%) Relational Database
4 188 (4.36%) NoSQL
5 178 (4.12%) MongoDB
6 102 (2.36%) PostgreSQL
7 99 (2.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 68 (1.58%) Redis
9 67 (1.55%) SQL Server 2012
10 64 (1.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 51 (1.18%) Power BI
12 48 (1.11%) Big Data
13 44 (1.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 44 (1.02%) SQL Server 2008
14 36 (0.83%) RDBMS
15 33 (0.76%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 31 (0.72%) SQL Server 2016
17 29 (0.67%) Azure SQL Database
18 27 (0.63%) Data Lake
18 27 (0.63%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,046 (24.24%) Git (software)
2 266 (6.16%) webpack
3 251 (5.82%) Visual Studio
4 202 (4.68%) JIRA
5 189 (4.38%) gulp
6 171 (3.96%) Selenium
7 154 (3.57%) Team Foundation Server
8 153 (3.54%) Jenkins
9 145 (3.36%) Subversion
10 132 (3.06%) Grunt
11 90 (2.09%) NUnit
12 73 (1.69%) Jasmine
13 63 (1.46%) Bitbucket
14 54 (1.25%) Maven
15 46 (1.07%) PHPUnit
16 43 (1.00%) Cypress.io
17 41 (0.95%) TeamCity
18 38 (0.88%) Cucumber
19 35 (0.81%) Mocha
20 34 (0.79%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 358 (8.29%) Finance
2 230 (5.33%) Marketing
3 208 (4.82%) Retail
4 67 (1.55%) Games
4 67 (1.55%) Public Sector
5 65 (1.51%) Manufacturing
6 40 (0.93%) Telecoms
7 37 (0.86%) Law
8 27 (0.63%) Legal
9 25 (0.58%) Advertising
9 25 (0.58%) Automotive
10 23 (0.53%) Electronics
11 22 (0.51%) Local Government
12 20 (0.46%) Publishing
13 17 (0.39%) Banking
14 16 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
15 15 (0.35%) Back Office
16 11 (0.25%) Aerospace
17 10 (0.23%) Financial Institution
18 5 (0.12%) Military
Job Titles
1 3,529 (81.77%) Developer
2 792 (18.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 670 (15.52%) .NET Developer
4 636 (14.74%) Senior Developer
5 555 (12.86%) PHP Developer
6 511 (11.84%) Software Developer
7 405 (9.38%) C# Developer
8 383 (8.87%) Web Developer
9 309 (7.16%) Full Stack Developer
9 309 (7.16%) JavaScript Developer
10 289 (6.70%) Software Engineer
11 245 (5.68%) C# .NET Developer
12 199 (4.61%) React Developer
13 171 (3.96%) Junior
14 151 (3.50%) Angular Developer
15 148 (3.43%) .NET Software Developer
15 148 (3.43%) Java Developer
16 145 (3.36%) Senior .NET Developer
17 140 (3.24%) Junior Developer
18 135 (3.13%) C# Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,011 (92.93%) HTML
2 1,696 (39.30%) .NET
3 1,502 (34.80%) AngularJS
4 1,176 (27.25%) HTML5
5 1,154 (26.74%) jQuery
6 1,027 (23.80%) React
7 960 (22.24%) ASP.NET
8 749 (17.35%) CSS3
9 676 (15.66%) Node.js
10 613 (14.20%) .NET Framework
11 602 (13.95%) Vue.js
12 553 (12.81%) .NET Core
13 545 (12.63%) Web Services
14 517 (11.98%) Sass
15 507 (11.75%) ASP.NET MVC
16 488 (11.31%) REST
17 431 (9.99%) ASP.NET Web API
18 400 (9.27%) RESTful
19 364 (8.43%) Laravel
20 346 (8.02%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 658 (15.25%) User Experience
2 326 (7.55%) Greenfield Project
3 239 (5.54%) Mobile App
4 162 (3.75%) Analytical Skills
5 131 (3.04%) Self-Motivation
6 94 (2.18%) Enterprise Software
7 34 (0.79%) Algorithms
8 31 (0.72%) N-Tier
9 29 (0.67%) Data Structures
10 27 (0.63%) Cloud Native
10 27 (0.63%) NHS
11 26 (0.60%) Linux Command Line
12 21 (0.49%) Blog
13 20 (0.46%) Driving Licence
14 18 (0.42%) Graphic Design
14 18 (0.42%) Management Information System
14 18 (0.42%) W3C
15 17 (0.39%) Smartphone
15 17 (0.39%) Video Conferencing
16 15 (0.35%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 382 (8.85%) Linux
2 197 (4.56%) Windows
3 125 (2.90%) Android
4 111 (2.57%) Apple iOS
5 44 (1.02%) Windows Server
6 33 (0.76%) Ubuntu
7 26 (0.60%) Unix
8 24 (0.56%) CentOS
9 20 (0.46%) Windows Server 2016
10 18 (0.42%) Windows Server 2012
11 9 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
12 8 (0.19%) Debian
13 7 (0.16%) Windows 10
14 5 (0.12%) Windows 7
15 4 (0.093%) Mac OS
15 4 (0.093%) Mac OS X
16 1 (0.023%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,866 (43.23%) Agile Software Development
2 1,344 (31.14%) MVC
3 983 (22.78%) Web Development
4 982 (22.75%) Front End Development
5 648 (15.01%) Scrum
6 580 (13.44%) Software Engineering
7 519 (12.03%) TDD
8 504 (11.68%) DevOps
9 414 (9.59%) OOP
10 410 (9.50%) OO
11 392 (9.08%) Test Automation
12 387 (8.97%) Problem-Solving
13 377 (8.73%) Microservices
14 340 (7.88%) E-Commerce
15 297 (6.88%) Unit Testing
16 274 (6.35%) Continuous Integration
17 254 (5.89%) Mentoring
18 243 (5.63%) SDLC
19 224 (5.19%) Responsive Web Design
20 208 (4.82%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 3,659 (84.78%) JavaScript
2 1,656 (38.37%) C#
3 1,210 (28.04%) SQL
4 1,002 (23.22%) PHP
5 495 (11.47%) Java
6 468 (10.84%) TypeScript
7 319 (7.39%) Python
8 259 (6.00%) ES6
9 203 (4.70%) T-SQL
10 135 (3.13%) C++
11 107 (2.48%) VB.NET
12 97 (2.25%) Ruby
13 58 (1.34%) C
14 56 (1.30%) PHP 7
15 49 (1.14%) Java 8
16 47 (1.09%) Objective-C
17 43 (1.00%) PL/SQL
18 42 (0.97%) Apple Swift
19 38 (0.88%) PowerShell
20 36 (0.83%) PHP 5
Qualifications
1 440 (10.19%) Degree
2 130 (3.01%) Computer Science Degree
3 63 (1.46%) Security Cleared
4 44 (1.02%) SC Cleared
5 32 (0.74%) Microsoft Certification
6 11 (0.25%) DBS Check
7 10 (0.23%) DV Cleared
8 8 (0.19%) AWS Certification
9 7 (0.16%) Analytics IQ
10 5 (0.12%) HND
10 5 (0.12%) PhD
11 4 (0.093%) CCNP
11 4 (0.093%) Cisco Certification
12 3 (0.070%) CCNA
12 3 (0.070%) Master's Degree
12 3 (0.070%) MBCS
12 3 (0.070%) MCPD
13 2 (0.046%) CSPO
13 2 (0.046%) Numerate Degree
14 1 (0.023%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 205 (4.75%) QA
2 22 (0.51%) Data Quality
3 19 (0.44%) GDPR
4 12 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 9 (0.21%) WCAG
6 6 (0.14%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.12%) ISO 9001
7 5 (0.12%) SLA
8 2 (0.046%) PMO
9 1 (0.023%) ISO 9000
9 1 (0.023%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 381 (8.83%) Docker
2 9 (0.21%) Squid
3 8 (0.19%) Active Directory
4 7 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.16%) vSphere
5 4 (0.093%) Firmware
6 3 (0.070%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.070%) Microsoft Virtual Server
6 3 (0.070%) Virtual Servers
7 2 (0.046%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 139 (3.22%) Kubernetes
2 29 (0.67%) Terraform
3 22 (0.51%) Ansible
4 15 (0.35%) cPanel
4 15 (0.35%) HP UCMDB
4 15 (0.35%) Opscode Chef
5 7 (0.16%) logstash
5 7 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
6 6 (0.14%) Puppet
7 5 (0.12%) Kibana
8 4 (0.093%) MIIS
9 3 (0.070%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
9 3 (0.070%) Grafana
9 3 (0.070%) TeamSite
9 3 (0.070%) vRealize
10 2 (0.046%) Hadoop YARN
10 2 (0.046%) Packer
10 2 (0.046%) Plesk
10 2 (0.046%) Salt
11 1 (0.023%) FortiGate
Vendors
1 485 (11.24%) Microsoft
2 156 (3.61%) Zend
3 125 (2.90%) Adobe
4 114 (2.64%) Oracle
5 107 (2.48%) Google
6 95 (2.20%) Xamarin
7 44 (1.02%) Atlassian
8 33 (0.76%) Remedy
8 33 (0.76%) ServiceNow
9 32 (0.74%) VMware
10 30 (0.70%) Salesforce.com
11 27 (0.63%) SAP
12 20 (0.46%) IBM
13 18 (0.42%) Sitecore
13 18 (0.42%) Telerik
14 15 (0.35%) BMC
14 15 (0.35%) HP
14 15 (0.35%) SolarWinds
15 13 (0.30%) Splunk
16 9 (0.21%) JD Edwards