Period
to 20 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 20 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
20 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 13 15 14
Rank change year-on-year +2 -1 -2
Permanent jobs citing CSS 4,570 7,773 10,281
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 12.73% 10.98% 12.29%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 30.11% 29.07% 31.51%
Number of salaries quoted 4,819 7,316 9,436
Median annual salary £45,000 £44,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £30,000 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £63,750 £62,500 £63,750
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 15,178 26,742 32,630
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 42.28% 37.78% 39.01%
Number of salaries quoted 12,798 22,127 26,874
Median annual salary £50,000 £46,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.53% +3.33% +5.88%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £71,250 £70,000 £67,500
UK median annual salary £56,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +2.73% +4.76% +5.00%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the UK excluding London

CSS
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for CSS in the UK excluding London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS in the UK excluding London

CSS
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 20 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +6 1,361 £50,000 +11.11% 249
North of England +5 1,087 £43,500 -3.33% 420
Midlands +1 705 £42,500 +6.25% 235
South West +4 664 £45,500 +7.06% 167
North West +4 576 £45,000 - 243
Yorkshire +4 417 £42,000 +5.00% 138
West Midlands 0 410 £42,500 - 141
East of England +9 327 £44,000 -2.22% 102
East Midlands 0 293 £45,000 +12.50% 93
Scotland -5 282 £45,000 +5.88% 70
Wales +8 102 £40,000 - 38
North East +6 93 £45,000 +12.50% 39
Northern Ireland -4 39 £35,000 -30.00% 21
Isle of Man - 12 £49,500 - 1
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 20 January 2021, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 4,324 (94.62%) HTML
2 3,961 (86.67%) JavaScript
3 1,714 (37.51%) Agile Software Development
4 1,616 (35.36%) C#
5 1,539 (33.68%) .NET
6 1,280 (28.01%) AngularJS
7 1,257 (27.51%) HTML5
8 1,201 (26.28%) SQL
9 1,190 (26.04%) React
10 1,163 (25.45%) MVC
11 1,148 (25.12%) PHP
12 1,135 (24.84%) Git (software)
13 1,108 (24.25%) Front End Development
14 1,048 (22.93%) jQuery
15 918 (20.09%) Web Development
16 894 (19.56%) SQL Server
17 879 (19.23%) Azure
18 838 (18.34%) CSS3
19 811 (17.75%) User Experience
20 794 (17.37%) MySQL
21 793 (17.35%) ASP.NET
22 733 (16.04%) Node.js
23 659 (14.42%) TypeScript
24 643 (14.07%) Vue.js
25 630 (13.79%) .NET Core
26 601 (13.15%) Java
27 586 (12.82%) Scrum
28 553 (12.10%) Sass
28 553 (12.10%) DevOps
29 523 (11.44%) Twitter Bootstrap

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 361 (7.90%) CMS
2 273 (5.97%) WordPress
3 101 (2.21%) Apache
4 96 (2.10%) IIS
5 75 (1.64%) Umbraco
6 72 (1.58%) Confluence
7 67 (1.47%) Drupal
8 66 (1.44%) Sitecore CMS
9 54 (1.18%) NServiceBus
10 53 (1.16%) EPiServer
11 49 (1.07%) Elasticsearch
12 43 (0.94%) Tomcat
13 40 (0.88%) Kentico
13 40 (0.88%) SharePoint
14 36 (0.79%) nginx
15 28 (0.61%) Joomla!
16 16 (0.35%) JBoss
17 14 (0.31%) Apache Solr
18 13 (0.28%) WebLogic
19 10 (0.22%) Jadu
Applications
1 107 (2.34%) Photoshop
2 64 (1.40%) Sketch
3 54 (1.18%) Adobe Illustrator
4 47 (1.03%) InVision
5 39 (0.85%) Adobe XD
6 38 (0.83%) Figma
7 37 (0.81%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 21 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
9 15 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
10 14 (0.31%) Zeplin
11 12 (0.26%) MS Visio
12 10 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
13 6 (0.13%) InDesign
14 5 (0.11%) Chatbot
15 3 (0.066%) Spreadsheet
16 2 (0.044%) Marvel
16 2 (0.044%) Moqups
16 2 (0.044%) UXPin
17 1 (0.022%) Microsoft Project
17 1 (0.022%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 176 (3.85%) Magento
2 71 (1.55%) Shopify
3 34 (0.74%) Payment Gateway
4 27 (0.59%) OpenCart
5 26 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
6 18 (0.39%) nopCommerce
7 9 (0.20%) Adobe Campaign
8 7 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
9 6 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 5 (0.11%) NetSuite
10 5 (0.11%) Unica
11 4 (0.088%) Bond Adapt
11 4 (0.088%) Dynamics NAV
12 3 (0.066%) Maximo
12 3 (0.066%) Odoo
13 2 (0.044%) Oracle Applications
13 2 (0.044%) SAP S/4HANA
14 1 (0.022%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
14 1 (0.022%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
14 1 (0.022%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 879 (19.23%) Azure
2 442 (9.67%) AWS
3 285 (6.24%) SaaS
4 107 (2.34%) npm
5 93 (2.04%) GitHub
6 63 (1.38%) GCP
7 56 (1.23%) PaaS
8 53 (1.16%) Serverless
9 51 (1.12%) Cloud Computing
10 50 (1.09%) Power Platform
11 43 (0.94%) Google Analytics
12 41 (0.90%) IaaS
13 30 (0.66%) Amazon EC2
13 30 (0.66%) Dynamics 365
14 27 (0.59%) AWS Lambda
15 22 (0.48%) Yarn
16 21 (0.46%) Office 365
17 15 (0.33%) Power Automate
18 14 (0.31%) Logic Apps
19 13 (0.28%) Veeva
Communications & Networking
1 116 (2.54%) HTTP
2 58 (1.27%) Internet
3 41 (0.90%) Skype
4 23 (0.50%) Network Security
4 23 (0.50%) TCP/IP
5 19 (0.42%) Ethernet
6 18 (0.39%) SSL
7 17 (0.37%) MQTT
7 17 (0.37%) Wireless
8 14 (0.31%) Intranet
8 14 (0.31%) Wi-Fi
9 12 (0.26%) Bluetooth
10 11 (0.24%) FTP
11 9 (0.20%) DNS
12 8 (0.18%) RTP
12 8 (0.18%) SSH
12 8 (0.18%) VPN
13 6 (0.13%) Broadband
14 5 (0.11%) SMS
15 3 (0.066%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 894 (19.56%) SQL Server
2 794 (17.37%) MySQL
3 212 (4.64%) NoSQL
4 211 (4.62%) Relational Database
5 190 (4.16%) MongoDB
6 150 (3.28%) PostgreSQL
7 66 (1.44%) Redis
8 56 (1.23%) SQL Server 2012
9 49 (1.07%) Azure SQL Database
10 44 (0.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 43 (0.94%) Big Data
12 35 (0.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 33 (0.72%) SQL Server 2008
14 29 (0.63%) RDBMS
15 26 (0.57%) Power BI
16 24 (0.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 20 (0.44%) Amazon RDS
18 18 (0.39%) SQLPlus
19 17 (0.37%) Cosmos DB
19 17 (0.37%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 1,135 (24.84%) Git (software)
2 196 (4.29%) webpack
3 193 (4.22%) JIRA
4 178 (3.89%) Team Foundation Server
5 172 (3.76%) gulp
6 142 (3.11%) Visual Studio
7 98 (2.14%) Grunt
8 92 (2.01%) Jenkins
9 88 (1.93%) Selenium
10 79 (1.73%) JUnit
11 66 (1.44%) Bitbucket
12 65 (1.42%) Maven
12 65 (1.42%) PHPUnit
13 60 (1.31%) Subversion
14 59 (1.29%) NUnit
15 55 (1.20%) Visual Studio Team System
16 52 (1.14%) Cypress.io
17 51 (1.12%) Jasmine
18 38 (0.83%) TeamCity
19 37 (0.81%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 385 (8.42%) Finance
2 273 (5.97%) Marketing
3 151 (3.30%) Public Sector
4 149 (3.26%) Retail
5 97 (2.12%) Games
6 79 (1.73%) Manufacturing
7 63 (1.38%) Telecoms
8 49 (1.07%) Law
9 46 (1.01%) Electronics
10 45 (0.98%) Back Office
11 32 (0.70%) Banking
12 30 (0.66%) Local Government
13 29 (0.63%) Automotive
14 25 (0.55%) Multimedia
15 23 (0.50%) Advertising
16 15 (0.33%) Publishing
17 12 (0.26%) Legal
18 11 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
19 10 (0.22%) Investment Banking
20 9 (0.20%) Military
Job Titles
1 3,875 (84.79%) Developer
2 841 (18.40%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 765 (16.74%) Senior Developer
4 580 (12.69%) .NET Developer
5 576 (12.60%) PHP Developer
6 534 (11.68%) Full Stack Developer
7 525 (11.49%) Software Developer
8 406 (8.88%) C# Developer
9 396 (8.67%) Web Developer
10 322 (7.05%) React Developer
11 319 (6.98%) JavaScript Developer
12 281 (6.15%) C# .NET Developer
13 259 (5.67%) Software Engineer
14 181 (3.96%) Java Developer
15 175 (3.83%) Lead Developer
16 168 (3.68%) Junior
17 160 (3.50%) C# Software Developer
18 159 (3.48%) .NET Software Developer
19 158 (3.46%) Angular Developer
20 157 (3.44%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,324 (94.62%) HTML
2 1,539 (33.68%) .NET
3 1,280 (28.01%) AngularJS
4 1,257 (27.51%) HTML5
5 1,190 (26.04%) React
6 1,048 (22.93%) jQuery
7 838 (18.34%) CSS3
8 793 (17.35%) ASP.NET
9 733 (16.04%) Node.js
10 643 (14.07%) Vue.js
11 630 (13.79%) .NET Core
12 553 (12.10%) Sass
13 523 (11.44%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 494 (10.81%) REST
15 476 (10.42%) .NET Framework
16 431 (9.43%) RESTful
17 396 (8.67%) Web Services
18 395 (8.64%) Laravel
19 367 (8.03%) ASP.NET MVC
20 360 (7.88%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 811 (17.75%) User Experience
2 322 (7.05%) Greenfield Project
3 234 (5.12%) Analytical Skills
4 206 (4.51%) Mobile App
5 134 (2.93%) Self-Motivation
6 124 (2.71%) Enterprise Software
7 41 (0.90%) N-Tier
8 32 (0.70%) Linux Command Line
9 27 (0.59%) Data Structures
10 26 (0.57%) Management Information System
11 24 (0.53%) Graphic Design
12 23 (0.50%) Embedded Systems
13 22 (0.48%) Social Media
13 22 (0.48%) Virtual Team
14 21 (0.46%) NHS
15 19 (0.42%) Public Cloud
16 17 (0.37%) Cloud Native
17 15 (0.33%) Life Science
18 14 (0.31%) Smartphone
19 12 (0.26%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
Operating Systems
1 417 (9.12%) Linux
2 252 (5.51%) Windows
3 97 (2.12%) Android
4 88 (1.93%) Apple iOS
5 59 (1.29%) Windows Server
6 29 (0.63%) Ubuntu
6 29 (0.63%) Unix
7 17 (0.37%) CentOS
8 6 (0.13%) Debian
9 5 (0.11%) Windows 7
9 5 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
10 3 (0.066%) Solaris
10 3 (0.066%) Windows 10
10 3 (0.066%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.044%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.022%) AIX
12 1 (0.022%) Amazon Linux
12 1 (0.022%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,714 (37.51%) Agile Software Development
2 1,163 (25.45%) MVC
3 1,108 (24.25%) Front End Development
4 918 (20.09%) Web Development
5 586 (12.82%) Scrum
6 553 (12.10%) DevOps
7 515 (11.27%) Software Engineering
8 495 (10.83%) E-Commerce
9 478 (10.46%) TDD
10 425 (9.30%) Microservices
11 404 (8.84%) OO
12 353 (7.72%) Unit Testing
13 338 (7.40%) OOP
14 298 (6.52%) Problem-Solving
15 265 (5.80%) Mentoring
16 257 (5.62%) SDLC
17 251 (5.49%) Test Automation
18 228 (4.99%) Continuous Integration
19 210 (4.60%) SOLID
20 203 (4.44%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 3,961 (86.67%) JavaScript
2 1,616 (35.36%) C#
3 1,201 (26.28%) SQL
4 1,148 (25.12%) PHP
5 659 (14.42%) TypeScript
6 601 (13.15%) Java
7 350 (7.66%) Python
8 211 (4.62%) ES6
9 177 (3.87%) T-SQL
10 90 (1.97%) C++
11 65 (1.42%) VB.NET
12 62 (1.36%) Java 8
13 55 (1.20%) PowerShell
14 53 (1.16%) Go
15 41 (0.90%) Ruby
16 40 (0.88%) C
17 36 (0.79%) VB
18 33 (0.72%) PHP 7
19 31 (0.68%) PL/SQL
20 23 (0.50%) XPath
Qualifications
1 359 (7.86%) Degree
2 103 (2.25%) Computer Science Degree
3 69 (1.51%) Security Cleared
4 59 (1.29%) SC Cleared
5 12 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
6 11 (0.24%) CIW
6 11 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
6 11 (0.24%) OCA
6 11 (0.24%) OCP
6 11 (0.24%) Oracle Certification
7 7 (0.15%) DV Cleared
8 6 (0.13%) HNC
8 6 (0.13%) HND
9 4 (0.088%) Postgraduate
9 4 (0.088%) Six Sigma Black Belt
10 3 (0.066%) ISTQB
10 3 (0.066%) MCPD
10 3 (0.066%) PhD
11 2 (0.044%) CEH
11 2 (0.044%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 158 (3.46%) QA
2 25 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 18 (0.39%) GDPR
4 14 (0.31%) WAI
5 13 (0.28%) SLA
5 13 (0.28%) WCAG
6 4 (0.088%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 2 (0.044%) NCSC
7 2 (0.044%) NIST
8 1 (0.022%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.022%) PMO
System Software
1 322 (7.05%) Docker
2 6 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
3 5 (0.11%) Firmware
4 4 (0.088%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.088%) KVM
5 3 (0.066%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.044%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 1 (0.022%) Varnish
7 1 (0.022%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 151 (3.30%) Kubernetes
2 45 (0.98%) Terraform
3 19 (0.42%) Puppet
4 17 (0.37%) MIIS
5 16 (0.35%) Ansible
6 15 (0.33%) Opscode Chef
7 12 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
8 8 (0.18%) cPanel
9 7 (0.15%) HP UCMDB
10 6 (0.13%) Kibana
11 5 (0.11%) Plesk
12 2 (0.044%) Capistrano
12 2 (0.044%) Salt
12 2 (0.044%) vRealize
13 1 (0.022%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
13 1 (0.022%) Grafana
13 1 (0.022%) Packer
13 1 (0.022%) Prometheus
13 1 (0.022%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 450 (9.85%) Microsoft
2 170 (3.72%) Adobe
3 111 (2.43%) Oracle
4 95 (2.08%) Google
5 88 (1.93%) Sitecore
6 72 (1.58%) Salesforce.com
6 72 (1.58%) Zend
7 55 (1.20%) SAP
8 53 (1.16%) Xamarin
9 28 (0.61%) Atlassian
9 28 (0.61%) Splunk
10 23 (0.50%) WooCommerce
11 18 (0.39%) ServiceNow
12 17 (0.37%) IBM
12 17 (0.37%) VMware
13 13 (0.28%) Apple
14 11 (0.24%) Red Hat
14 11 (0.24%) Siebel
15 9 (0.20%) DevExpress
15 9 (0.20%) Telerik