Period
to 29 October 2020

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 29 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
29 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 17 15 13
Rank change year-on-year -2 -2 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 807 953 1,138
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 11.81% 12.22% 14.62%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 23.09% 26.69% 30.91%
Number of salaries quoted 1,458 1,737 2,077
Median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £47,500
10th Percentile £31,250 £32,500 £30,000
90th Percentile £71,250 £71,250 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.15% +3.33%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 3,495 3,571 3,682
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 51.16% 45.78% 47.30%
Number of salaries quoted 3,151 3,189 3,266
Median annual salary £55,000 £53,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.80% +7.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,050
% change year-on-year +4.55% +5.67% +4.10%

CSS
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

CSS trend for jobs with a WFH option

CSS
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing CSS.

CSS salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

CSS
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing CSS over the 6 months to 29 October 2020.

CSS salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 29 October 2020, CSS job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for CSS.

1 730 (90.46%) HTML
2 702 (86.99%) JavaScript
3 320 (39.65%) Agile Software Development
4 294 (36.43%) AngularJS
5 275 (34.08%) .NET
6 256 (31.72%) C#
7 237 (29.37%) Git (software)
8 221 (27.39%) React
9 212 (26.27%) HTML5
10 203 (25.15%) SQL
11 190 (23.54%) Web Development
12 188 (23.30%) Front End Development
13 186 (23.05%) MVC
14 177 (21.93%) SQL Server
15 172 (21.31%) PHP
16 158 (19.58%) jQuery
17 155 (19.21%) Azure
18 154 (19.08%) ASP.NET
19 152 (18.84%) CSS3
20 149 (18.46%) User Experience
21 145 (17.97%) DevOps
22 143 (17.72%) Node.js
23 124 (15.37%) TypeScript
24 123 (15.24%) Software Engineering
25 118 (14.62%) .NET Core
26 112 (13.88%) MySQL
27 108 (13.38%) Java
28 103 (12.76%) REST
29 100 (12.39%) Finance
29 100 (12.39%) ASP.NET Web API

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (9.29%) CMS
2 51 (6.32%) WordPress
3 40 (4.96%) Elasticsearch
4 19 (2.35%) IIS
5 16 (1.98%) Drupal
5 16 (1.98%) SharePoint
6 14 (1.73%) Confluence
6 14 (1.73%) Umbraco
7 12 (1.49%) Apache
8 11 (1.36%) Jadu
8 11 (1.36%) nginx
9 10 (1.24%) Moodle
10 7 (0.87%) EPiServer
11 4 (0.50%) Apache Spark
11 4 (0.50%) Kentico
11 4 (0.50%) SharePoint 2010
11 4 (0.50%) SharePoint 2013
11 4 (0.50%) Sitecore CMS
12 3 (0.37%) Apache Solr
12 3 (0.37%) Orchard CMS
Applications
1 21 (2.60%) Photoshop
2 16 (1.98%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 9 (1.12%) Sketch
4 8 (0.99%) InVision
5 4 (0.50%) Adobe Illustrator
5 4 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
6 3 (0.37%) Figma
6 3 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
7 2 (0.25%) Fireworks
7 2 (0.25%) Inkscape
7 2 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.12%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.12%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.12%) FileZilla
8 1 (0.12%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 32 (3.97%) Magento
2 22 (2.73%) Shopify
3 5 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.37%) Maximo
5 1 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 155 (19.21%) Azure
2 88 (10.90%) AWS
3 48 (5.95%) GitHub
4 32 (3.97%) SaaS
5 30 (3.72%) Serverless
6 26 (3.22%) GCP
7 19 (2.35%) npm
8 16 (1.98%) Power Platform
9 12 (1.49%) Cloud Computing
10 11 (1.36%) AWS Lambda
11 10 (1.24%) Office 365
12 9 (1.12%) Power Automate
13 8 (0.99%) Amazon EC2
14 5 (0.62%) Google Analytics
14 5 (0.62%) NuGet
14 5 (0.62%) Oracle CX
15 4 (0.50%) Logic Apps
16 3 (0.37%) Amazon Cognito
16 3 (0.37%) Azure Data Factory
16 3 (0.37%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 20 (2.48%) HTTP
2 7 (0.87%) Internet
3 3 (0.37%) SSH
4 1 (0.12%) ATM
4 1 (0.12%) DNS
4 1 (0.12%) Extranet
4 1 (0.12%) FTP
4 1 (0.12%) Intranet
4 1 (0.12%) PPP
4 1 (0.12%) Skype
4 1 (0.12%) SSL
4 1 (0.12%) WEP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 177 (21.93%) SQL Server
2 112 (13.88%) MySQL
3 64 (7.93%) Relational Database
4 63 (7.81%) MongoDB
5 47 (5.82%) PostgreSQL
6 33 (4.09%) NoSQL
7 28 (3.47%) SQL Server 2012
7 28 (3.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 23 (2.85%) Redis
9 20 (2.48%) Azure SQL Database
10 9 (1.12%) Big Data
10 9 (1.12%) MariaDB
11 7 (0.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 7 (0.87%) Amazon RDS
11 7 (0.87%) SQL Server 2008
12 6 (0.74%) Power BI
13 5 (0.62%) Cosmos DB
14 4 (0.50%) Data Warehouse
14 4 (0.50%) Hadoop
15 3 (0.37%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 237 (29.37%) Git (software)
2 53 (6.57%) Team Foundation Server
3 33 (4.09%) webpack
4 28 (3.47%) Selenium
5 25 (3.10%) JIRA
6 24 (2.97%) Jenkins
7 19 (2.35%) Octopus Deploy
8 18 (2.23%) Visual Studio
9 17 (2.11%) Grunt
9 17 (2.11%) gulp
10 16 (1.98%) Subversion
11 15 (1.86%) Bitbucket
11 15 (1.86%) Cypress.io
11 15 (1.86%) TeamCity
11 15 (1.86%) Visual Studio Team System
12 14 (1.73%) Capybara
12 14 (1.73%) minitest
12 14 (1.73%) RSpec
13 11 (1.36%) SpecFlow
14 10 (1.24%) Mercurial
General
1 100 (12.39%) Finance
2 50 (6.20%) Marketing
3 37 (4.58%) Games
4 32 (3.97%) Telecoms
5 31 (3.84%) Public Sector
6 22 (2.73%) Manufacturing
7 19 (2.35%) Retail
8 17 (2.11%) Electronics
9 6 (0.74%) Automotive
10 5 (0.62%) Back Office
10 5 (0.62%) Banking
11 4 (0.50%) Law
12 3 (0.37%) Legal
12 3 (0.37%) Local Government
13 2 (0.25%) Advertising
13 2 (0.25%) Billing
13 2 (0.25%) French Language
13 2 (0.25%) Front Office
13 2 (0.25%) German Language
13 2 (0.25%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 664 (82.28%) Developer
2 145 (17.97%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 136 (16.85%) Senior Developer
4 95 (11.77%) .NET Developer
5 89 (11.03%) Web Developer
6 87 (10.78%) PHP Developer
7 79 (9.79%) C# Developer
8 75 (9.29%) Full Stack Developer
8 75 (9.29%) React Developer
8 75 (9.29%) Software Developer
9 66 (8.18%) JavaScript Developer
10 42 (5.20%) Angular Developer
11 41 (5.08%) C# .NET Developer
12 35 (4.34%) Software Engineer
13 34 (4.21%) Senior Front-End Developer
14 32 (3.97%) HTML Developer
15 31 (3.84%) Architect
16 30 (3.72%) Node.js Developer
17 29 (3.59%) PHP Web Developer
17 29 (3.59%) Senior Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 730 (90.46%) HTML
2 294 (36.43%) AngularJS
3 275 (34.08%) .NET
4 221 (27.39%) React
5 212 (26.27%) HTML5
6 158 (19.58%) jQuery
7 154 (19.08%) ASP.NET
8 152 (18.84%) CSS3
9 143 (17.72%) Node.js
10 118 (14.62%) .NET Core
11 103 (12.76%) REST
12 100 (12.39%) ASP.NET Web API
13 94 (11.65%) Vue.js
14 91 (11.28%) XML
15 86 (10.66%) RESTful
16 81 (10.04%) Sass
17 65 (8.05%) Ajax
18 63 (7.81%) JSON
19 61 (7.56%) .NET Framework
20 58 (7.19%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 149 (18.46%) User Experience
2 70 (8.67%) Greenfield Project
3 50 (6.20%) Mobile App
4 24 (2.97%) N-Tier
5 19 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
6 18 (2.23%) Virtual Team
7 17 (2.11%) Analytical Skills
8 16 (1.98%) Client/Server
9 13 (1.61%) e-Learning
10 9 (1.12%) PlayStation
10 9 (1.12%) SCORM
11 8 (0.99%) Online Games
11 8 (0.99%) Social Media
12 7 (0.87%) Algorithms
13 6 (0.74%) Embedded Systems
13 6 (0.74%) Enterprise Software
14 4 (0.50%) Cloud Native
15 3 (0.37%) Learning Management System
15 3 (0.37%) NHS
16 2 (0.25%) Smartcard
Operating Systems
1 41 (5.08%) Linux
2 31 (3.84%) Windows
3 16 (1.98%) Android
3 16 (1.98%) Apple iOS
3 16 (1.98%) Windows Server
4 12 (1.49%) Unix
5 1 (0.12%) AIX
5 1 (0.12%) Solaris
5 1 (0.12%) Ubuntu
5 1 (0.12%) Windows 10
5 1 (0.12%) Windows 7
5 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 320 (39.65%) Agile Software Development
2 190 (23.54%) Web Development
3 188 (23.30%) Front End Development
4 186 (23.05%) MVC
5 145 (17.97%) DevOps
6 123 (15.24%) Software Engineering
7 87 (10.78%) OO
7 87 (10.78%) TDD
8 86 (10.66%) Scrum
9 83 (10.29%) Microservices
10 75 (9.29%) SDLC
11 71 (8.80%) E-Commerce
12 66 (8.18%) Test Automation
13 57 (7.06%) Unit Testing
14 54 (6.69%) OOP
15 48 (5.95%) Mentoring
16 46 (5.70%) SOLID
17 42 (5.20%) Workflow
18 39 (4.83%) Analytics
18 39 (4.83%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 702 (86.99%) JavaScript
2 256 (31.72%) C#
3 203 (25.15%) SQL
4 172 (21.31%) PHP
5 124 (15.37%) TypeScript
6 108 (13.38%) Java
7 73 (9.05%) Python
8 58 (7.19%) T-SQL
9 40 (4.96%) ES6
10 31 (3.84%) Ruby
11 20 (2.48%) Scala
12 19 (2.35%) PL/SQL
13 15 (1.86%) Apex Code
14 10 (1.24%) Go
14 10 (1.24%) VB
15 9 (1.12%) PowerShell
15 9 (1.12%) VB.NET
16 7 (0.87%) C++
16 7 (0.87%) Kotlin
17 6 (0.74%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 36 (4.46%) Degree
2 20 (2.48%) Security Cleared
3 15 (1.86%) Computer Science Degree
4 6 (0.74%) SC Cleared
5 3 (0.37%) AWS Certification
5 3 (0.37%) MCPD
5 3 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
6 2 (0.25%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.12%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.12%) HND
7 1 (0.12%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.12%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (5.08%) QA
2 3 (0.37%) PSD2
3 2 (0.25%) GDPR
3 2 (0.25%) WCAG
4 1 (0.12%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.12%) GxP
4 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.12%) SLA
System Software
1 55 (6.82%) Docker
2 5 (0.62%) Firmware
3 1 (0.12%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 36 (4.46%) Kubernetes
2 11 (1.36%) cPanel
3 10 (1.24%) Terraform
4 2 (0.25%) MIIS
4 2 (0.25%) Puppet
5 1 (0.12%) Ansible
5 1 (0.12%) Grafana
5 1 (0.12%) Kibana
5 1 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 77 (9.54%) Microsoft
2 35 (4.34%) Oracle
3 30 (3.72%) Adobe
4 24 (2.97%) Google
5 23 (2.85%) ServiceNow
6 22 (2.73%) Salesforce.com
7 18 (2.23%) SAP
8 15 (1.86%) Pega
9 14 (1.73%) Zend
10 7 (0.87%) Atlassian
11 6 (0.74%) ATG
11 6 (0.74%) Demandware
11 6 (0.74%) hybris
12 5 (0.62%) NVIDIA
13 4 (0.50%) Sitecore
14 3 (0.37%) Apple
14 3 (0.37%) Cognizant
14 3 (0.37%) Remedy
14 3 (0.37%) Siemens
14 3 (0.37%) WooCommerce