Period
to 20 January 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 20 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
20 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 18 13 13
Rank change year-on-year -5 0 +1
Permanent jobs citing CSS 1,261 886 1,008
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 11.63% 12.14% 13.62%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 23.56% 25.07% 28.86%
Number of salaries quoted 2,271 1,572 1,876
Median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - -5.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £31,250 £32,500 £29,500
90th Percentile £71,250 £71,250 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 5,353 3,534 3,493
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 49.36% 48.42% 47.20%
Number of salaries quoted 4,771 3,106 3,109
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £32,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £90,000 £82,500
UK median annual salary £56,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +2.73% +4.76% +5.00%

CSS
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

CSS trend for jobs with a WFH option

CSS
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing CSS.

CSS salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

CSS
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing CSS over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

CSS salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 20 January 2021, CSS job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for CSS.

1 1,155 (91.59%) HTML
2 1,135 (90.01%) JavaScript
3 462 (36.64%) Agile Software Development
4 415 (32.91%) React
5 411 (32.59%) .NET
6 407 (32.28%) C#
7 379 (30.06%) AngularJS
8 376 (29.82%) Git (software)
9 340 (26.96%) Front End Development
10 333 (26.41%) HTML5
11 308 (24.43%) SQL
12 304 (24.11%) PHP
12 304 (24.11%) MVC
13 294 (23.31%) Web Development
14 271 (21.49%) SQL Server
15 246 (19.51%) User Experience
16 243 (19.27%) Node.js
16 243 (19.27%) CSS3
17 241 (19.11%) Azure
18 235 (18.64%) TypeScript
19 230 (18.24%) jQuery
20 223 (17.68%) Vue.js
21 222 (17.61%) MySQL
22 213 (16.89%) DevOps
23 210 (16.65%) ASP.NET
24 181 (14.35%) Software Engineering
25 179 (14.20%) AWS
26 173 (13.72%) RESTful
27 162 (12.85%) E-Commerce
28 157 (12.45%) Sass

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 109 (8.64%) CMS
2 78 (6.19%) WordPress
3 56 (4.44%) Umbraco
4 40 (3.17%) IIS
5 34 (2.70%) SharePoint
6 33 (2.62%) Apache
6 33 (2.62%) Kentico
7 32 (2.54%) Drupal
7 32 (2.54%) Sitecore CMS
8 29 (2.30%) EPiServer
9 28 (2.22%) Elasticsearch
10 20 (1.59%) Confluence
11 17 (1.35%) nginx
12 8 (0.63%) Apache Solr
13 7 (0.56%) Moodle
13 7 (0.56%) Tomcat
14 6 (0.48%) Jadu
15 5 (0.40%) Apache Spark
15 5 (0.40%) SugarCRM
16 3 (0.24%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 23 (1.82%) Sketch
2 22 (1.74%) Photoshop
3 21 (1.67%) InVision
4 19 (1.51%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 11 (0.87%) Figma
6 4 (0.32%) Adobe XD
7 3 (0.24%) Adobe Illustrator
7 3 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
8 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
8 2 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 1 (0.079%) Adobe After Effects
9 1 (0.079%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.079%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.079%) Fireworks
9 1 (0.079%) InDesign
9 1 (0.079%) Inkscape
9 1 (0.079%) Marvel
9 1 (0.079%) MS Visio
9 1 (0.079%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 42 (3.33%) Magento
2 34 (2.70%) Shopify
3 14 (1.11%) nopCommerce
4 13 (1.03%) Dynamics CRM
5 4 (0.32%) Maximo
6 2 (0.16%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.079%) JDE OneWorld
7 1 (0.079%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.079%) SAP CRM
7 1 (0.079%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.079%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 241 (19.11%) Azure
2 179 (14.20%) AWS
3 99 (7.85%) SaaS
4 57 (4.52%) Serverless
5 53 (4.20%) GitHub
6 36 (2.85%) GCP
7 35 (2.78%) npm
8 30 (2.38%) Power Platform
9 25 (1.98%) AWS Lambda
10 22 (1.74%) PaaS
11 19 (1.51%) Office 365
12 18 (1.43%) Amazon EC2
12 18 (1.43%) Power Automate
13 17 (1.35%) Logic Apps
14 16 (1.27%) Cloud Computing
15 15 (1.19%) Amazon S3
16 14 (1.11%) AWS CloudFormation
17 11 (0.87%) Azure Active Directory
17 11 (0.87%) Azure Functions
17 11 (0.87%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 52 (4.12%) HTTP
2 18 (1.43%) Internet
3 11 (0.87%) Network Security
3 11 (0.87%) SSH
4 6 (0.48%) VPN
5 4 (0.32%) DNS
6 2 (0.16%) Skype
7 1 (0.079%) AMQP
7 1 (0.079%) DHCP
7 1 (0.079%) PBX
7 1 (0.079%) SMTP
7 1 (0.079%) SSL
7 1 (0.079%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.079%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 271 (21.49%) SQL Server
2 222 (17.61%) MySQL
3 74 (5.87%) Relational Database
4 62 (4.92%) MongoDB
5 55 (4.36%) NoSQL
6 52 (4.12%) PostgreSQL
7 26 (2.06%) Redis
8 25 (1.98%) Azure SQL Database
9 23 (1.82%) Amazon RDS
10 21 (1.67%) SQL Server 2012
11 20 (1.59%) Cosmos DB
12 19 (1.51%) Big Data
12 19 (1.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 12 (0.95%) Power BI
14 6 (0.48%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 5 (0.40%) Data Warehouse
15 5 (0.40%) SQL Server 2008
16 4 (0.32%) Blockchain
16 4 (0.32%) Hadoop
16 4 (0.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 376 (29.82%) Git (software)
2 61 (4.84%) Team Foundation Server
3 43 (3.41%) Visual Studio
4 42 (3.33%) JIRA
5 38 (3.01%) webpack
6 34 (2.70%) Selenium
7 31 (2.46%) gulp
8 30 (2.38%) Jenkins
9 28 (2.22%) Cypress.io
10 27 (2.14%) Visual Studio Team System
11 26 (2.06%) Bitbucket
12 23 (1.82%) Grunt
13 20 (1.59%) Octopus Deploy
14 15 (1.19%) Maven
14 15 (1.19%) PHPUnit
14 15 (1.19%) TeamCity
15 13 (1.03%) git-flow
15 13 (1.03%) JUnit
16 12 (0.95%) GitLab
17 11 (0.87%) Subversion
General
1 135 (10.71%) Finance
2 70 (5.55%) Retail
3 68 (5.39%) Marketing
4 57 (4.52%) Games
5 30 (2.38%) Telecoms
6 27 (2.14%) Public Sector
7 25 (1.98%) Back Office
8 22 (1.74%) Law
9 19 (1.51%) Manufacturing
10 14 (1.11%) Electronics
11 12 (0.95%) Legal
12 11 (0.87%) Pharmaceutical
13 8 (0.63%) Financial Institution
13 8 (0.63%) Local Government
14 7 (0.56%) Automotive
15 6 (0.48%) Advertising
15 6 (0.48%) Banking
16 2 (0.16%) Aerospace
16 2 (0.16%) French Language
16 2 (0.16%) German Language
Job Titles
1 1,030 (81.68%) Developer
2 249 (19.75%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 199 (15.78%) Senior Developer
4 170 (13.48%) PHP Developer
5 165 (13.08%) Full Stack Developer
6 132 (10.47%) .NET Developer
7 129 (10.23%) React Developer
8 118 (9.36%) Web Developer
9 117 (9.28%) Software Developer
10 98 (7.77%) C# Developer
11 87 (6.90%) JavaScript Developer
12 63 (5.00%) C# .NET Developer
13 58 (4.60%) Senior Front-End Developer
14 53 (4.20%) Angular Developer
15 52 (4.12%) Software Engineer
16 46 (3.65%) HTML Developer
17 42 (3.33%) HTML CSS Developer
18 39 (3.09%) PHP Web Developer
19 37 (2.93%) C# Software Developer
19 37 (2.93%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,155 (91.59%) HTML
2 415 (32.91%) React
3 411 (32.59%) .NET
4 379 (30.06%) AngularJS
5 333 (26.41%) HTML5
6 243 (19.27%) CSS3
6 243 (19.27%) Node.js
7 230 (18.24%) jQuery
8 223 (17.68%) Vue.js
9 210 (16.65%) ASP.NET
10 173 (13.72%) RESTful
11 157 (12.45%) Sass
12 153 (12.13%) .NET Core
13 140 (11.10%) REST
14 123 (9.75%) Laravel
15 120 (9.52%) ASP.NET Web API
16 117 (9.28%) Web Services
17 112 (8.88%) .NET Framework
17 112 (8.88%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 106 (8.41%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 246 (19.51%) User Experience
2 127 (10.07%) Greenfield Project
3 69 (5.47%) Mobile App
4 46 (3.65%) Self-Motivation
5 45 (3.57%) Virtual Team
6 32 (2.54%) Analytical Skills
6 32 (2.54%) N-Tier
7 29 (2.30%) Enterprise Software
8 21 (1.67%) Client/Server
9 17 (1.35%) NHS
10 15 (1.19%) Cloud Native
11 13 (1.03%) Online Games
12 12 (0.95%) Social Media
13 10 (0.79%) Life Science
14 9 (0.71%) PlayStation
15 8 (0.63%) e-Learning
15 8 (0.63%) Public Cloud
16 7 (0.56%) Embedded Systems
17 6 (0.48%) Linux Command Line
17 6 (0.48%) Smart City
Operating Systems
1 97 (7.69%) Linux
2 69 (5.47%) Windows
3 40 (3.17%) Windows Server
4 24 (1.90%) Android
4 24 (1.90%) Apple iOS
5 12 (0.95%) Unix
6 10 (0.79%) Debian
7 6 (0.48%) Ubuntu
7 6 (0.48%) Windows Server 2008
8 5 (0.40%) VMS
9 2 (0.16%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.079%) AIX
10 1 (0.079%) CentOS
10 1 (0.079%) Solaris
10 1 (0.079%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.079%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.079%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 462 (36.64%) Agile Software Development
2 340 (26.96%) Front End Development
3 304 (24.11%) MVC
4 294 (23.31%) Web Development
5 213 (16.89%) DevOps
6 181 (14.35%) Software Engineering
7 162 (12.85%) E-Commerce
8 149 (11.82%) OO
9 138 (10.94%) Scrum
10 133 (10.55%) TDD
11 121 (9.60%) Microservices
12 99 (7.85%) Test Automation
13 91 (7.22%) SDLC
14 85 (6.74%) OOP
15 73 (5.79%) Problem-Solving
16 69 (5.47%) Mentoring
17 67 (5.31%) Analytics
18 66 (5.23%) BDD
19 62 (4.92%) Fintech
20 58 (4.60%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,135 (90.01%) JavaScript
2 407 (32.28%) C#
3 308 (24.43%) SQL
4 304 (24.11%) PHP
5 235 (18.64%) TypeScript
6 141 (11.18%) Java
7 93 (7.38%) Python
8 83 (6.58%) T-SQL
9 74 (5.87%) ES6
10 31 (2.46%) Ruby
11 20 (1.59%) Scala
12 19 (1.51%) VB
13 18 (1.43%) PHP 7
14 17 (1.35%) Apex Code
15 13 (1.03%) Go
15 13 (1.03%) PL/SQL
16 11 (0.87%) Bash Shell
16 11 (0.87%) Java 8
16 11 (0.87%) PowerShell
17 9 (0.71%) Perl
Qualifications
1 70 (5.55%) Degree
2 25 (1.98%) Computer Science Degree
3 22 (1.74%) Security Cleared
4 11 (0.87%) SC Cleared
5 5 (0.40%) Six Sigma Black Belt
6 4 (0.32%) PMI Certification
7 3 (0.24%) MCPD
7 3 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.16%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.16%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.16%) SAP Certification
9 1 (0.079%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (3.17%) QA
2 14 (1.11%) WAI
3 3 (0.24%) PSD2
3 3 (0.24%) WCAG
4 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 2 (0.16%) SLA
5 1 (0.079%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.079%) GDPR
5 1 (0.079%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.079%) PMO
System Software
1 109 (8.64%) Docker
2 11 (0.87%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.56%) Firmware
4 1 (0.079%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.079%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.079%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 47 (3.73%) Kubernetes
2 11 (0.87%) Terraform
3 7 (0.56%) Ansible
3 7 (0.56%) Puppet
4 5 (0.40%) cPanel
5 4 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
5 4 (0.32%) Prometheus
6 2 (0.16%) MIIS
6 2 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.079%) Grafana
7 1 (0.079%) Kibana
7 1 (0.079%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.079%) Packer
7 1 (0.079%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 127 (10.07%) Microsoft
2 60 (4.76%) Adobe
3 33 (2.62%) Zend
4 32 (2.54%) Sitecore
5 31 (2.46%) Google
6 28 (2.22%) Oracle
7 26 (2.06%) Salesforce.com
8 18 (1.43%) SAP
9 15 (1.19%) Pega
10 14 (1.11%) ServiceNow
11 11 (0.87%) Atlassian
12 9 (0.71%) FNZ
13 5 (0.40%) WooCommerce
14 4 (0.32%) DevExpress
14 4 (0.32%) hybris
14 4 (0.32%) Remedy
14 4 (0.32%) Xamarin
15 3 (0.24%) ATG
15 3 (0.24%) Demandware
16 2 (0.16%) Splunk