Period
to 8 August 2020

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 8 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
8 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 15 15 12
Rank change year-on-year 0 -3 -2
Permanent jobs citing CSS 669 983 1,194
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 12.28% 12.19% 14.89%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 24.34% 27.46% 32.08%
Number of salaries quoted 1,223 1,821 2,188
Median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% - +2.86%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £32,250
90th Percentile £75,000 £71,250 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,748 3,580 3,722
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 50.43% 44.41% 46.41%
Number of salaries quoted 2,443 3,223 3,333
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +10.00% +6.38%
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £32,800
90th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £78,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

CSS
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

CSS trend for jobs with a WFH option

CSS
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing CSS.

CSS salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

CSS
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing CSS over the 6 months to 8 August 2020.

CSS salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 8 August 2020, CSS job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for CSS.

1 624 (93.27%) HTML
2 564 (84.30%) JavaScript
3 303 (45.29%) AngularJS
4 296 (44.25%) Agile Software Development
5 243 (36.32%) .NET
6 213 (31.84%) C#
7 190 (28.40%) React
8 187 (27.95%) HTML5
9 181 (27.06%) MVC
10 164 (24.51%) jQuery
11 163 (24.36%) Git (software)
11 163 (24.36%) Front End Development
12 159 (23.77%) SQL
13 145 (21.67%) CSS3
14 143 (21.38%) Azure
15 142 (21.23%) SQL Server
16 141 (21.08%) ASP.NET
17 138 (20.63%) Web Development
18 124 (18.54%) .NET Core
19 121 (18.09%) Node.js
20 119 (17.79%) PHP
21 117 (17.49%) REST
22 101 (15.10%) DevOps
23 100 (14.95%) ASP.NET Web API
24 98 (14.65%) TDD
25 91 (13.60%) Software Engineering
26 87 (13.00%) MySQL
26 87 (13.00%) User Experience
27 84 (12.56%) TypeScript
27 84 (12.56%) Java

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (8.67%) CMS
2 33 (4.93%) Elasticsearch
3 29 (4.33%) WordPress
4 16 (2.39%) Confluence
5 11 (1.64%) IIS
6 10 (1.49%) Apache
7 9 (1.35%) SharePoint
8 7 (1.05%) SharePoint 2010
8 7 (1.05%) SharePoint 2013
9 6 (0.90%) Drupal
9 6 (0.90%) Moodle
9 6 (0.90%) nginx
10 5 (0.75%) Jadu
11 4 (0.60%) Tomcat
11 4 (0.60%) Umbraco
12 3 (0.45%) EPiServer
12 3 (0.45%) Orchard CMS
13 2 (0.30%) FileNet
13 2 (0.30%) JBoss
13 2 (0.30%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 12 (1.79%) InVision
2 11 (1.64%) Photoshop
3 9 (1.35%) Adobe XD
4 8 (1.20%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 8 (1.20%) Zeplin
5 7 (1.05%) Sketch
6 4 (0.60%) Adobe Illustrator
7 3 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
8 2 (0.30%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.15%) Figma
9 1 (0.15%) FileZilla
9 1 (0.15%) Fireworks
9 1 (0.15%) Inkscape
9 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
9 1 (0.15%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 21 (3.14%) Magento
2 13 (1.94%) NetSuite
3 10 (1.49%) Shopify
4 6 (0.90%) Maximo
5 4 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 143 (21.38%) Azure
2 75 (11.21%) AWS
3 53 (7.92%) SaaS
4 38 (5.68%) npm
5 31 (4.63%) GitHub
6 17 (2.54%) GCP
7 16 (2.39%) Serverless
8 10 (1.49%) AWS Lambda
9 8 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
10 5 (0.75%) Amazon Cognito
10 5 (0.75%) Power Platform
10 5 (0.75%) Yarn
11 4 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
12 3 (0.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 3 (0.45%) Amazon ECS
12 3 (0.45%) Dynamics 365
12 3 (0.45%) Google Analytics
12 3 (0.45%) Logic Apps
12 3 (0.45%) Oracle CX
12 3 (0.45%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.64%) HTTP
1 11 (1.64%) Internet
2 3 (0.45%) Skype
3 2 (0.30%) DNS
3 2 (0.30%) SSH
4 1 (0.15%) ATM
4 1 (0.15%) BIG-IP
4 1 (0.15%) DHCP
4 1 (0.15%) Extranet
4 1 (0.15%) Firewall
4 1 (0.15%) FTP
4 1 (0.15%) Intranet
4 1 (0.15%) LAN
4 1 (0.15%) NetScreen
4 1 (0.15%) PPP
4 1 (0.15%) SSL
4 1 (0.15%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.15%) WAN
4 1 (0.15%) WEP
4 1 (0.15%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 142 (21.23%) SQL Server
2 87 (13.00%) MySQL
3 52 (7.77%) MongoDB
4 49 (7.32%) NoSQL
5 42 (6.28%) Relational Database
6 38 (5.68%) PostgreSQL
7 28 (4.19%) SQL Server 2012
8 18 (2.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 16 (2.39%) Redis
10 10 (1.49%) RDBMS
11 9 (1.35%) MariaDB
12 8 (1.20%) SQL Server 2016
13 7 (1.05%) Big Data
14 6 (0.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 6 (0.90%) Cosmos DB
14 6 (0.90%) Data Warehouse
15 3 (0.45%) SQL Server 2008
16 2 (0.30%) Amazon RDS
16 2 (0.30%) Azure SQL Database
17 1 (0.15%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 163 (24.36%) Git (software)
2 47 (7.03%) webpack
3 44 (6.58%) Team Foundation Server
4 27 (4.04%) JIRA
5 26 (3.89%) Jenkins
5 26 (3.89%) Visual Studio
6 22 (3.29%) Selenium
7 21 (3.14%) gulp
8 17 (2.54%) Grunt
8 17 (2.54%) Jasmine
9 14 (2.09%) Subversion
10 11 (1.64%) Bitbucket
10 11 (1.64%) Cypress.io
10 11 (1.64%) Karma Test Runner
11 10 (1.49%) Capybara
11 10 (1.49%) Cucumber
11 10 (1.49%) Mercurial
11 10 (1.49%) minitest
11 10 (1.49%) RSpec
12 9 (1.35%) Balsamiq
General
1 74 (11.06%) Finance
2 49 (7.32%) Marketing
3 34 (5.08%) Public Sector
4 23 (3.44%) Retail
5 22 (3.29%) Manufacturing
6 20 (2.99%) Telecoms
7 19 (2.84%) Electronics
8 14 (2.09%) Legal
9 9 (1.35%) Games
10 7 (1.05%) Music Industry
11 4 (0.60%) Banking
12 3 (0.45%) Law
12 3 (0.45%) Publishing
13 2 (0.30%) Advertising
13 2 (0.30%) Billing
14 1 (0.15%) Aerospace
14 1 (0.15%) Automotive
14 1 (0.15%) Financial Institution
14 1 (0.15%) Local Government
14 1 (0.15%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 578 (86.40%) Developer
2 143 (21.38%) Senior Developer
3 137 (20.48%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 118 (17.64%) .NET Developer
5 67 (10.01%) PHP Developer
6 63 (9.42%) Web Developer
7 60 (8.97%) Software Developer
8 58 (8.67%) React Developer
9 55 (8.22%) Full Stack Developer
10 54 (8.07%) C# Developer
11 53 (7.92%) JavaScript Developer
12 43 (6.43%) Senior .NET Developer
13 35 (5.23%) Angular Developer
14 33 (4.93%) C# .NET Developer
15 31 (4.63%) Senior Front-End Developer
16 29 (4.33%) Software Engineer
17 27 (4.04%) .NET Software Developer
17 27 (4.04%) ServiceNow Developer
18 20 (2.99%) Consultant
18 20 (2.99%) PHP Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 624 (93.27%) HTML
2 303 (45.29%) AngularJS
3 243 (36.32%) .NET
4 190 (28.40%) React
5 187 (27.95%) HTML5
6 164 (24.51%) jQuery
7 145 (21.67%) CSS3
8 141 (21.08%) ASP.NET
9 124 (18.54%) .NET Core
10 121 (18.09%) Node.js
11 117 (17.49%) REST
12 100 (14.95%) ASP.NET Web API
13 83 (12.41%) Vue.js
14 82 (12.26%) XML
15 77 (11.51%) Ajax
16 76 (11.36%) .NET Framework
16 76 (11.36%) ASP.NET MVC
17 75 (11.21%) Sass
18 57 (8.52%) JSON
18 57 (8.52%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 87 (13.00%) User Experience
2 60 (8.97%) Greenfield Project
3 41 (6.13%) Mobile App
4 37 (5.53%) Self-Motivation
5 16 (2.39%) Analytical Skills
6 14 (2.09%) Enterprise Software
7 12 (1.79%) Virtual Team
8 8 (1.20%) Driving Licence
8 8 (1.20%) e-Learning
9 7 (1.05%) Algorithms
10 6 (0.90%) N-Tier
10 6 (0.90%) SCORM
11 5 (0.75%) Linux Command Line
12 4 (0.60%) Learning Management System
13 3 (0.45%) Hedge funds
14 2 (0.30%) Animation
14 2 (0.30%) Arduino
14 2 (0.30%) Graphic Design
14 2 (0.30%) Social Media
14 2 (0.30%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 44 (6.58%) Linux
2 19 (2.84%) Windows
3 14 (2.09%) Android
3 14 (2.09%) Apple iOS
4 9 (1.35%) Unix
5 5 (0.75%) Windows Server
6 3 (0.45%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.15%) CentOS
7 1 (0.15%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.15%) Windows 7
7 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
7 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 296 (44.25%) Agile Software Development
2 181 (27.06%) MVC
3 163 (24.36%) Front End Development
4 138 (20.63%) Web Development
5 101 (15.10%) DevOps
6 98 (14.65%) TDD
7 91 (13.60%) Software Engineering
8 82 (12.26%) Scrum
9 79 (11.81%) Microservices
10 78 (11.66%) SDLC
11 63 (9.42%) Mentoring
11 63 (9.42%) Unit Testing
12 51 (7.62%) SOLID
13 49 (7.32%) OO
14 47 (7.03%) E-Commerce
15 44 (6.58%) Test Automation
16 43 (6.43%) BDD
17 42 (6.28%) Continuous Integration
18 39 (5.83%) Problem-Solving
19 30 (4.48%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 564 (84.30%) JavaScript
2 213 (31.84%) C#
3 159 (23.77%) SQL
4 119 (17.79%) PHP
5 84 (12.56%) Java
5 84 (12.56%) TypeScript
6 49 (7.32%) Python
7 36 (5.38%) T-SQL
8 30 (4.48%) ES6
9 29 (4.33%) Ruby
10 17 (2.54%) Kotlin
11 14 (2.09%) Scala
12 12 (1.79%) PL/SQL
13 10 (1.49%) PHP 7
13 10 (1.49%) VB.NET
14 9 (1.35%) C++
15 8 (1.20%) Go
16 7 (1.05%) PHP 5
17 6 (0.90%) Apex Code
18 5 (0.75%) C
Qualifications
1 42 (6.28%) Degree
2 22 (3.29%) Computer Science Degree
3 17 (2.54%) Security Cleared
4 9 (1.35%) DBS Check
4 9 (1.35%) SC Cleared
5 6 (0.90%) MCPD
5 6 (0.90%) Microsoft Certification
6 3 (0.45%) MBCS
7 1 (0.15%) AAT
7 1 (0.15%) ACCA
7 1 (0.15%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.15%) CCIE
7 1 (0.15%) CCIE Routing and Switching
7 1 (0.15%) CCNP
7 1 (0.15%) CIMA
7 1 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
7 1 (0.15%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.15%) PhD
7 1 (0.15%) PMI Certification
7 1 (0.15%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (4.78%) QA
2 2 (0.30%) GDPR
3 1 (0.15%) GxP
3 1 (0.15%) SLA
3 1 (0.15%) WCAG
System Software
1 64 (9.57%) Docker
2 1 (0.15%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 48 (7.17%) Kubernetes
2 13 (1.94%) Terraform
3 9 (1.35%) cPanel
4 4 (0.60%) Ansible
4 4 (0.60%) Kibana
5 2 (0.30%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
6 1 (0.15%) FortiGate
6 1 (0.15%) Graylog
6 1 (0.15%) MIIS
6 1 (0.15%) Puppet
6 1 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 48 (7.17%) Microsoft
2 27 (4.04%) ServiceNow
3 25 (3.74%) Adobe
4 22 (3.29%) Oracle
4 22 (3.29%) SAP
5 15 (2.24%) Xamarin
6 12 (1.79%) Zend
7 10 (1.49%) Google
8 9 (1.35%) Salesforce.com
9 5 (0.75%) Atlassian
9 5 (0.75%) NVIDIA
10 4 (0.60%) Apple
11 3 (0.45%) ATG
11 3 (0.45%) Demandware
11 3 (0.45%) hybris
11 3 (0.45%) Remedy
11 3 (0.45%) Yahoo!
12 2 (0.30%) Pega
12 2 (0.30%) Telerik
12 2 (0.30%) TIBCO