Period
to

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 18 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
18 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 28 20 17
Rank change year-on-year -8 -3 -3
Permanent jobs citing CSS 6,501 3,788 1,230
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 9.25% 12.30% 13.05%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 20.36% 25.73% 25.22%
Number of salaries quoted 3,521 3,156 1,083
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £32,500
25th Percentile £40,000 £36,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +15.79% - -
75th Percentile £70,000 £61,250 £61,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £75,000 £75,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +8.70%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31,932 14,721 4,877
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 45.41% 47.81% 51.75%
Number of salaries quoted 17,113 12,277 4,288
10th Percentile £38,750 £33,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £46,625 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - -
75th Percentile £81,250 £72,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £86,750 £85,000
UK median annual salary £63,750 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +15.91% - +4.76%

CSS
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

CSS trend for jobs with a WFH option

CSS
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing CSS.

CSS salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

CSS
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing CSS over the 6 months to 18 May 2022.

CSS salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 18 May 2022, CSS job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for CSS.

1 5,549 (85.36%) HTML
2 5,236 (80.54%) JavaScript
3 3,301 (50.78%) React
4 3,144 (48.36%) Agile
5 1,980 (30.46%) Git (software)
6 1,856 (28.55%) Full Stack Development
7 1,819 (27.98%) AngularJS
8 1,793 (27.58%) TypeScript
9 1,766 (27.17%) User Experience
10 1,680 (25.84%) Node.js
11 1,646 (25.32%) C#
12 1,639 (25.21%) .NET
13 1,627 (25.03%) Software Engineering
14 1,580 (24.30%) Front End Development
15 1,489 (22.90%) SQL
16 1,486 (22.86%) HTML5
17 1,480 (22.77%) Azure
18 1,387 (21.34%) Social Skills
19 1,356 (20.86%) AWS
20 1,312 (20.18%) DevOps
21 1,261 (19.40%) Web Development
22 1,151 (17.70%) PHP
23 1,111 (17.09%) Finance
24 1,079 (16.60%) Docker
25 1,057 (16.26%) MVC
26 1,053 (16.20%) CI/CD
27 1,048 (16.12%) CSS3
28 1,019 (15.67%) MySQL
29 1,006 (15.47%) Sass
30 1,003 (15.43%) Scrum

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 483 (7.43%) CMS
2 282 (4.34%) WordPress
3 222 (3.41%) Confluence
4 188 (2.89%) Elasticsearch
5 180 (2.77%) Apache
6 137 (2.11%) GeoServer
7 84 (1.29%) Drupal
8 81 (1.25%) Umbraco
9 76 (1.17%) SharePoint
10 59 (0.91%) IIS
11 57 (0.88%) Sitecore CMS
12 46 (0.71%) nginx
13 42 (0.65%) Cloud Foundry
14 39 (0.60%) EPiServer
15 31 (0.48%) Headless CMS
16 29 (0.45%) IBM Domino
17 24 (0.37%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 24 (0.37%) Tomcat
18 23 (0.35%) Kentico
19 19 (0.29%) Ethereum
Applications
1 203 (3.12%) Sketch
2 136 (2.09%) Photoshop
3 102 (1.57%) Adobe XD
4 98 (1.51%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 81 (1.25%) Adobe Illustrator
6 61 (0.94%) InVision
7 50 (0.77%) Microsoft Office
8 39 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
9 27 (0.42%) Chatbot
10 26 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 22 (0.34%) Campfire
12 19 (0.29%) InDesign
13 18 (0.28%) Zeplin
14 15 (0.23%) Adobe After Effects
15 12 (0.18%) Maya
16 9 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
16 9 (0.14%) UXPin
17 7 (0.11%) OmniGraffle
18 5 (0.077%) MS Visio
18 5 (0.077%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 69 (1.06%) Shopify
2 56 (0.86%) Magento
3 36 (0.55%) Payment Gateway
4 30 (0.46%) Dynamics CRM
5 28 (0.43%) NetSuite
6 15 (0.23%) Remedy ITSM
7 14 (0.22%) Academy Housing
8 12 (0.18%) SAP Business ByDesign
9 10 (0.15%) SAP Business One
10 9 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 7 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
11 7 (0.11%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
11 7 (0.11%) R3 Corda
12 5 (0.077%) Summit
13 4 (0.062%) Maximo
14 3 (0.046%) OpenCart
14 3 (0.046%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
14 3 (0.046%) WebTrends
15 2 (0.031%) Dynamics AX
15 2 (0.031%) Raiser's Edge
Cloud Services
1 1,480 (22.77%) Azure
2 1,356 (20.86%) AWS
3 589 (9.06%) SaaS
4 502 (7.72%) GitHub
5 469 (7.21%) Serverless
6 357 (5.49%) npm
7 338 (5.20%) Figma
8 327 (5.03%) GCP
9 275 (4.23%) AWS Lambda
10 166 (2.55%) Amazon SQS
11 162 (2.49%) Amazon S3
12 153 (2.35%) Google Analytics
13 152 (2.34%) PaaS
14 147 (2.26%) Power Platform
15 127 (1.95%) Amazon EC2
16 111 (1.71%) AWS CloudFormation
16 111 (1.71%) GitHub Actions
17 91 (1.40%) Heroku
18 86 (1.32%) Google Tag Manager
19 83 (1.28%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 316 (4.86%) HTTP
2 222 (3.41%) Internet
3 77 (1.18%) SSL
4 68 (1.05%) Broadband
5 34 (0.52%) DNS
6 21 (0.32%) Firewall
6 21 (0.32%) SNA
7 17 (0.26%) VPN
8 14 (0.22%) Intranet
8 14 (0.22%) Network Security
8 14 (0.22%) Skype
9 12 (0.18%) RIP
10 11 (0.17%) HTTPS
10 11 (0.17%) X.25
11 7 (0.11%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
12 6 (0.092%) FTP
12 6 (0.092%) Wireshark
13 5 (0.077%) Reverse Proxy
13 5 (0.077%) Wireless
14 4 (0.062%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,019 (15.67%) MySQL
2 827 (12.72%) SQL Server
3 703 (10.81%) PostgreSQL
4 377 (5.80%) Redis
5 369 (5.68%) Relational Database
6 315 (4.85%) NoSQL
7 237 (3.65%) MongoDB
8 137 (2.11%) GIS
9 135 (2.08%) QGIS
10 134 (2.06%) Big Data
11 100 (1.54%) Power BI
12 81 (1.25%) Amazon RDS
13 80 (1.23%) MariaDB
14 67 (1.03%) RDBMS
15 65 (1.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 63 (0.97%) Amazon Aurora
17 38 (0.58%) Azure SQL Database
18 37 (0.57%) Oracle Database
19 35 (0.54%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 34 (0.52%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1,980 (30.46%) Git (software)
2 661 (10.17%) webpack
3 589 (9.06%) JIRA
4 395 (6.08%) Jenkins
5 271 (4.17%) Cypress.io
6 199 (3.06%) gulp
7 186 (2.86%) Bitbucket
8 159 (2.45%) GitLab
9 151 (2.32%) Visual Studio
10 144 (2.22%) Babel
11 141 (2.17%) Selenium
12 135 (2.08%) Grunt
13 120 (1.85%) Jasmine
14 116 (1.78%) Subversion
15 81 (1.25%) Storybook
16 78 (1.20%) Mocha
17 77 (1.18%) JUnit
18 75 (1.15%) Team Foundation Server
19 69 (1.06%) Cucumber
20 67 (1.03%) Maven
General
1 1,387 (21.34%) Social Skills
2 1,111 (17.09%) Finance
3 706 (10.86%) Marketing
4 433 (6.66%) Analytical Skills
5 341 (5.25%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 339 (5.21%) Retail
7 316 (4.86%) Banking
8 306 (4.71%) Games
9 283 (4.35%) Public Sector
10 183 (2.81%) Organisational Skills
11 177 (2.72%) Publishing
12 122 (1.88%) Local Government
13 117 (1.80%) Legal
14 102 (1.57%) Advertising
15 100 (1.54%) Financial Institution
16 76 (1.17%) Back Office
17 69 (1.06%) Presentation Skills
18 68 (1.05%) Influencing Skills
19 61 (0.94%) Law
20 59 (0.91%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 4,280 (65.84%) Developer
2 1,057 (16.26%) Senior Developer
3 1,040 (16.00%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 1,011 (15.55%) Software Engineer
5 682 (10.49%) Full Stack Developer
6 564 (8.68%) .NET Developer
7 467 (7.18%) Software Developer
8 379 (5.83%) React Developer
9 334 (5.14%) PHP Developer
10 320 (4.92%) Web Developer
11 318 (4.89%) JavaScript Developer
12 292 (4.49%) Designer
13 277 (4.26%) C# Developer
14 260 (4.00%) Senior Software Engineer
15 206 (3.17%) Lead Developer
15 206 (3.17%) Senior Front-End Developer
16 180 (2.77%) Senior Full Stack Developer
17 174 (2.68%) C# .NET Developer
18 165 (2.54%) Senior Software Developer
19 158 (2.43%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,549 (85.36%) HTML
2 3,301 (50.78%) React
3 1,819 (27.98%) AngularJS
4 1,680 (25.84%) Node.js
5 1,639 (25.21%) .NET
6 1,486 (22.86%) HTML5
7 1,048 (16.12%) CSS3
8 1,006 (15.47%) Sass
9 988 (15.20%) Vue.js
10 959 (14.75%) jQuery
11 905 (13.92%) REST
12 724 (11.14%) RESTful
13 722 (11.11%) ASP.NET
14 687 (10.57%) .NET Core
15 616 (9.48%) Web Services
16 563 (8.66%) GraphQL
17 526 (8.09%) Redux
18 504 (7.75%) .NET Framework
19 501 (7.71%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 467 (7.18%) Laravel
Miscellaneous
1 1,766 (27.17%) User Experience
2 539 (8.29%) Mobile App
3 343 (5.28%) Self-Motivation
4 287 (4.41%) Greenfield Project
5 270 (4.15%) Virtual Team
6 146 (2.25%) Enterprise Software
7 128 (1.97%) Blog
8 93 (1.43%) NHS
9 92 (1.42%) Algorithms
10 91 (1.40%) W3C
11 89 (1.37%) Data Structures
12 79 (1.22%) Graphic Design
13 76 (1.17%) Social Media
14 75 (1.15%) Blockchain
14 75 (1.15%) Cyberattack
15 74 (1.14%) Social Network
16 65 (1.00%) Sports Betting
17 58 (0.89%) FMCG
18 48 (0.74%) Cloud Native
19 47 (0.72%) Cyber Defence
Operating Systems
1 690 (10.61%) Linux
2 295 (4.54%) Android
3 277 (4.26%) Apple iOS
4 235 (3.61%) Windows
5 234 (3.60%) Ubuntu
6 71 (1.09%) Unix
7 37 (0.57%) Debian
8 30 (0.46%) Windows Server
9 26 (0.40%) Mac OS
10 15 (0.23%) Windows Phone
11 8 (0.12%) Alpine Linux
12 6 (0.092%) CentOS
12 6 (0.092%) Windows Server 2008
12 6 (0.092%) Windows Server 2016
13 2 (0.031%) FreeBSD
13 2 (0.031%) Windows Vista
14 1 (0.015%) Windows 10
14 1 (0.015%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,144 (48.36%) Agile
2 1,856 (28.55%) Full Stack Development
3 1,627 (25.03%) Software Engineering
4 1,580 (24.30%) Front End Development
5 1,312 (20.18%) DevOps
6 1,261 (19.40%) Web Development
7 1,057 (16.26%) MVC
8 1,053 (16.20%) CI/CD
9 1,003 (15.43%) Scrum
10 927 (14.26%) Problem-Solving
11 909 (13.98%) TDD
12 838 (12.89%) UX Design
13 808 (12.43%) Mentoring
14 748 (11.51%) Microservices
15 598 (9.20%) Test Automation
16 575 (8.84%) Unit Testing
17 574 (8.83%) Continuous Integration
18 553 (8.51%) OO
19 542 (8.34%) E-Commerce
20 539 (8.29%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 5,236 (80.54%) JavaScript
2 1,793 (27.58%) TypeScript
3 1,646 (25.32%) C#
4 1,489 (22.90%) SQL
5 1,151 (17.70%) PHP
6 998 (15.35%) Java
7 971 (14.94%) Python
8 540 (8.31%) ES6
9 339 (5.21%) Ruby
10 245 (3.77%) Go
11 213 (3.28%) T-SQL
12 121 (1.86%) Kotlin
13 92 (1.42%) C
14 91 (1.40%) Scala
15 84 (1.29%) C++
16 77 (1.18%) PowerShell
17 69 (1.06%) Objective-C
18 68 (1.05%) Bash
19 59 (0.91%) VB.NET
20 46 (0.71%) Rust
Qualifications
1 716 (11.01%) Degree
2 329 (5.06%) Security Cleared
3 317 (4.88%) Computer Science Degree
4 259 (3.98%) SC Cleared
5 68 (1.05%) Microsoft Certification
6 31 (0.48%) DBS Check
7 27 (0.42%) AWS Certification
8 25 (0.38%) Master's Degree
9 17 (0.26%) BPSS Clearance
10 9 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
10 9 (0.14%) ISTQB
11 7 (0.11%) HND
11 7 (0.11%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 6 (0.092%) PMI Certification
13 4 (0.062%) Cisco Certification
13 4 (0.062%) MCPD
14 3 (0.046%) CCNA
14 3 (0.046%) CIPD
14 3 (0.046%) Network+ Certification
14 3 (0.046%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 515 (7.92%) QA
2 508 (7.81%) Accessibility
3 141 (2.17%) WCAG
4 60 (0.92%) GDPR
5 25 (0.38%) WAI
6 22 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 19 (0.29%) Data Quality
8 14 (0.22%) GRC
9 5 (0.077%) HL7
10 3 (0.046%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.046%) SLA
11 2 (0.031%) HIPAA
11 2 (0.031%) MiFID
11 2 (0.031%) NIST
12 1 (0.015%) Disclosure Scotland
12 1 (0.015%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 1,079 (16.60%) Docker
2 25 (0.38%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.12%) iptables
4 7 (0.11%) VirtualBox
4 7 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.092%) KVM
6 4 (0.062%) Firmware
7 3 (0.046%) Hyper-V
8 2 (0.031%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.031%) Varnish
8 2 (0.031%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.015%) LXC
9 1 (0.015%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 628 (9.66%) Kubernetes
2 282 (4.34%) Terraform
3 67 (1.03%) Ansible
4 49 (0.75%) Prometheus
5 43 (0.66%) Bugsnag
6 38 (0.58%) Kibana
7 27 (0.42%) Grafana
8 25 (0.38%) Docker Swarm
9 22 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
10 18 (0.28%) Puppet
11 16 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
12 15 (0.23%) HP UCMDB
13 14 (0.22%) MIIS
14 12 (0.18%) SCCM
15 9 (0.14%) Opscode Chef
16 7 (0.11%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
17 6 (0.092%) Capistrano
17 6 (0.092%) Consul
17 6 (0.092%) logstash
17 6 (0.092%) Packer
Vendors
1 681 (10.48%) Microsoft
2 445 (6.85%) Google
3 286 (4.40%) Adobe
4 191 (2.94%) Oracle
5 125 (1.92%) Zend
6 84 (1.29%) SAP
7 78 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
8 75 (1.15%) Sitecore
9 72 (1.11%) Apple
10 71 (1.09%) NEC
11 61 (0.94%) Xamarin
12 56 (0.86%) Netlify
13 47 (0.72%) ServiceNow
14 43 (0.66%) Northgate
15 42 (0.65%) PayPal
16 38 (0.58%) Facebook
17 36 (0.55%) WooCommerce
18 27 (0.42%) YouTube
19 24 (0.37%) IBM
20 23 (0.35%) Dell