Period
to 21 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for GitHub skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GitHub over the 6 months to 21 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

GitHub
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 129 231 269
Rank change year-on-year +102 +38 +28
Permanent jobs citing GitHub 3,497 711 1,705
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.77% 1.45% 1.24%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.38% 3.61% 3.89%
Number of salaries quoted 1,394 537 1,271
10th Percentile £37,750 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £56,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.62% -5.83% +9.09%
75th Percentile £82,406 £72,500 £78,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £80,000 £96,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £48,502
% change year-on-year +10.53% -2.07% -3.00%

GitHub is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 54,804 19,709 43,776
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.44% 40.29% 31.94%
Number of salaries quoted 38,162 16,765 36,062
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £39,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -

GitHub
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GitHub as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GitHub.

Salary trend for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing GitHub over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Salary histogram for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GitHub within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +107 3,052 £65,000 +8.33% 408
London +125 1,795 £72,500 +3.57% 224
UK excluding London +40 1,303 £52,500 +10.53% 208
Work from Home -11 632 £60,000 +20.00% 93
South East +99 585 £60,000 +20.00% 49
North of England -40 217 £50,000 +11.11% 54
South West +34 178 £50,000 - 34
Midlands -47 171 £43,000 -9.47% 32
North West -36 131 £55,000 +22.22% 33
West Midlands -72 112 £41,250 -25.00% 20
Yorkshire -56 71 £50,000 +5.26% 14
Scotland -30 62 £63,750 +27.50% 16
East of England -67 62 £62,500 +66.67% 12
East Midlands -35 59 £47,500 +18.75% 12
Wales -22 50 £50,000 +14.29% 8
North East -21 15 £45,000 +38.46% 7
Northern Ireland -48 1 - - 3

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, IT jobs citing GitHub also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for GitHub.

1 1,899 (54.30%) Agile Software Development
2 1,610 (46.04%) AWS
3 1,487 (42.52%) DevOps
4 1,417 (40.52%) JavaScript
5 1,370 (39.18%) Git (software)
6 1,261 (36.06%) Docker
7 1,240 (35.46%) Java
8 1,233 (35.26%) Jenkins
9 1,197 (34.23%) Software Engineering
10 1,154 (33.00%) Python
11 1,083 (30.97%) Azure
12 1,060 (30.31%) React
13 1,047 (29.94%) Node.js
14 1,024 (29.28%) Microservices
15 923 (26.39%) Social Skills
16 867 (24.79%) Kubernetes
17 828 (23.68%) TDD
18 793 (22.68%) CSS
19 779 (22.28%) RESTful
20 776 (22.19%) SQL
21 760 (21.73%) Terraform
22 744 (21.28%) Full Stack Development
23 693 (19.82%) Scrum
23 693 (19.82%) REST
24 677 (19.36%) PostgreSQL
25 673 (19.25%) Test Automation
26 670 (19.16%) Degree
27 668 (19.10%) Open Source
28 667 (19.07%) Finance
29 644 (18.42%) AngularJS

GitHub
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 238 (6.81%) Apache
2 224 (6.41%) Apache Spark
3 214 (6.12%) GemFire
4 196 (5.60%) Elasticsearch
5 169 (4.83%) Confluence
6 160 (4.58%) CMS
7 69 (1.97%) WordPress
8 62 (1.77%) Cloud Foundry
9 58 (1.66%) nginx
10 44 (1.26%) Apache Airflow
11 43 (1.23%) IIS
12 30 (0.86%) Umbraco
13 26 (0.74%) SharePoint
13 26 (0.74%) Tornado
14 25 (0.71%) Apache Solr
15 20 (0.57%) Tomcat
16 16 (0.46%) IBM Domino
17 13 (0.37%) Traefik
18 12 (0.34%) EPiServer
18 12 (0.34%) Ethereum
Applications
1 30 (0.86%) Photoshop
2 20 (0.57%) Spreadsheet
3 19 (0.54%) Sketch
4 18 (0.51%) Figma
5 17 (0.49%) Adobe Illustrator
6 16 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
7 15 (0.43%) GIMP
7 15 (0.43%) Zeplin
8 11 (0.31%) InVision
9 10 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
10 8 (0.23%) InDesign
11 5 (0.14%) Adobe XD
12 4 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 4 (0.11%) Chatbot
12 4 (0.11%) SPSS
13 2 (0.057%) Adobe After Effects
13 2 (0.057%) Adobe Premiere
13 2 (0.057%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 1 (0.029%) Microsoft Project
14 1 (0.029%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 32 (0.92%) Shopify
2 24 (0.69%) NetSuite
2 24 (0.69%) SAP Business ByDesign
3 16 (0.46%) Distributed Ledger
4 15 (0.43%) R3 Corda
5 14 (0.40%) Magento
6 12 (0.34%) Dynamics NAV
7 10 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
8 9 (0.26%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 8 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
10 4 (0.11%) Summit
11 3 (0.086%) nopCommerce
12 2 (0.057%) Oracle Receivables
13 1 (0.029%) Oracle Applications
13 1 (0.029%) Oracle Cash Management
13 1 (0.029%) Oracle EBS R12
13 1 (0.029%) Oracle General Ledger
13 1 (0.029%) Oracle Payables
13 1 (0.029%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
13 1 (0.029%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,610 (46.04%) AWS
2 1,083 (30.97%) Azure
3 620 (17.73%) Serverless
4 583 (16.67%) GCP
5 483 (13.81%) GitHub Actions
6 278 (7.95%) SaaS
7 234 (6.69%) Amazon S3
8 201 (5.75%) PaaS
9 197 (5.63%) AWS Lambda
10 181 (5.18%) OpenShift
11 175 (5.00%) Amazon Kinesis
12 164 (4.69%) Amazon SQS
13 158 (4.52%) Amazon EKS
14 145 (4.15%) AWS CloudFormation
15 115 (3.29%) Heroku
16 103 (2.95%) Amazon EC2
17 101 (2.89%) IaaS
18 98 (2.80%) CloudFront
19 89 (2.55%) Slack
20 88 (2.52%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 241 (6.89%) HTTP
2 95 (2.72%) Firewall
3 92 (2.63%) DNS
4 71 (2.03%) TCP/IP
5 63 (1.80%) VPN
6 40 (1.14%) Broadband
7 30 (0.86%) Calico
8 29 (0.83%) Internet
9 20 (0.57%) IPv4
10 19 (0.54%) SMTP
10 19 (0.54%) SSL
11 18 (0.51%) Cisco IPT
12 16 (0.46%) Cisco Nexus
13 14 (0.40%) Network Security
13 14 (0.40%) SSH
14 11 (0.31%) DHCP
14 11 (0.31%) LAN
14 11 (0.31%) WAN
15 10 (0.29%) FTP
15 10 (0.29%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 677 (19.36%) PostgreSQL
2 516 (14.76%) NoSQL
3 484 (13.84%) Redis
4 461 (13.18%) Relational Database
5 420 (12.01%) MongoDB
6 407 (11.64%) Big Data
7 351 (10.04%) MySQL
8 300 (8.58%) SQL Server
9 192 (5.49%) HBase
10 185 (5.29%) MariaDB
11 163 (4.66%) Amazon RDS
12 158 (4.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 116 (3.32%) Data Warehouse
14 111 (3.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 83 (2.37%) Power BI
16 79 (2.26%) Amazon Aurora
17 76 (2.17%) Blockchain
18 56 (1.60%) BigQuery
18 56 (1.60%) Tableau
19 55 (1.57%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 1,370 (39.18%) Git (software)
2 1,233 (35.26%) Jenkins
3 452 (12.93%) JIRA
4 392 (11.21%) Cypress.io
5 361 (10.32%) GitLab
6 343 (9.81%) Cucumber
7 272 (7.78%) Sonatype Nexus
8 258 (7.38%) Gradle
9 251 (7.18%) JUnit
10 220 (6.29%) Storybook
11 219 (6.26%) Protractor
12 216 (6.18%) IntelliJ
13 215 (6.15%) Bitbucket
14 207 (5.92%) Mockito
15 187 (5.35%) CircleCI
16 183 (5.23%) Eclipse
17 174 (4.98%) Selenium
18 170 (4.86%) Artifactory
19 167 (4.78%) webpack
20 151 (4.32%) SonarQube
General
1 923 (26.39%) Social Skills
2 667 (19.07%) Finance
3 441 (12.61%) Banking
4 326 (9.32%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 279 (7.98%) Law
6 242 (6.92%) Analytical Skills
7 220 (6.29%) Games
8 199 (5.69%) Marketing
9 140 (4.00%) Retail
10 76 (2.17%) Legal
11 70 (2.00%) Publishing
12 65 (1.86%) Investment Banking
13 53 (1.52%) Public Sector
14 52 (1.49%) Presentation Skills
15 48 (1.37%) Organisational Skills
16 41 (1.17%) Financial Institution
17 36 (1.03%) Back Office
18 35 (1.00%) Influencing Skills
19 32 (0.92%) Documentation Skills
20 31 (0.89%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,448 (41.41%) Developer
2 683 (19.53%) Software Engineer
3 315 (9.01%) DevOps Engineer
4 301 (8.61%) Senior Developer
5 279 (7.98%) Java Developer
6 202 (5.78%) Full Stack Developer
7 194 (5.55%) Software Developer
8 185 (5.29%) Principal Engineer
9 164 (4.69%) Principal Software Engineer
10 157 (4.49%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 155 (4.43%) Backend Developer
11 155 (4.43%) Senior Software Engineer
12 104 (2.97%) Lead Developer
13 101 (2.89%) Lead Software Engineer
14 91 (2.60%) Web Developer
15 88 (2.52%) Cloud Engineer
16 81 (2.32%) Architect
17 79 (2.26%) AWS Engineer
18 78 (2.23%) Data Engineer
18 78 (2.23%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,060 (30.31%) React
2 1,047 (29.94%) Node.js
3 793 (22.68%) CSS
4 779 (22.28%) RESTful
5 693 (19.82%) REST
6 644 (18.42%) AngularJS
7 617 (17.64%) HTML
8 610 (17.44%) Spring
9 550 (15.73%) Web Services
10 462 (13.21%) Kafka
11 445 (12.73%) GraphQL
12 424 (12.12%) .NET
13 389 (11.12%) JSON
14 343 (9.81%) Redux
15 333 (9.52%) RabbitMQ
16 297 (8.49%) Vue.js
17 281 (8.04%) Express
18 250 (7.15%) HTML5
19 246 (7.03%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 243 (6.95%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 527 (15.07%) User Experience
2 232 (6.63%) Mobile App
3 230 (6.58%) Self-Motivation
4 223 (6.38%) Cloud Native
5 211 (6.03%) Linux Command Line
6 154 (4.40%) Blog
7 134 (3.83%) Algorithms
8 114 (3.26%) Virtual Team
9 104 (2.97%) Public Cloud
10 96 (2.75%) Greenfield Project
11 77 (2.20%) Social Media
12 64 (1.83%) BBC
13 62 (1.77%) Enterprise Software
14 60 (1.72%) Data Structures
15 55 (1.57%) Data Centre
16 49 (1.40%) Management Information System
17 42 (1.20%) NHS
18 30 (0.86%) iPhone
19 25 (0.71%) Client/Server
19 25 (0.71%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 627 (17.93%) Linux
2 369 (10.55%) Unix
3 214 (6.12%) Android
4 205 (5.86%) Apple iOS
5 183 (5.23%) Windows
6 39 (1.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 36 (1.03%) Windows Server
8 32 (0.92%) VMS
9 29 (0.83%) Ubuntu
10 22 (0.63%) CentOS
11 18 (0.51%) Solaris
12 12 (0.34%) AIX
13 8 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
14 7 (0.20%) Mac OS
14 7 (0.20%) Windows 10
15 6 (0.17%) VxWorks
15 6 (0.17%) Windows 7
15 6 (0.17%) Windows 8
15 6 (0.17%) Windows Server 2016
16 5 (0.14%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,899 (54.30%) Agile Software Development
2 1,487 (42.52%) DevOps
3 1,197 (34.23%) Software Engineering
4 1,024 (29.28%) Microservices
5 828 (23.68%) TDD
6 744 (21.28%) Full Stack Development
7 693 (19.82%) Scrum
8 673 (19.25%) Test Automation
9 668 (19.10%) Open Source
10 640 (18.30%) Computer Science
11 628 (17.96%) Continuous Integration
12 590 (16.87%) Problem-Solving
13 568 (16.24%) BDD
14 508 (14.53%) Analytics
15 420 (12.01%) Mentoring
16 410 (11.72%) OO
17 336 (9.61%) Front End Development
18 319 (9.12%) SDLC
19 299 (8.55%) High Availability
20 295 (8.44%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,417 (40.52%) JavaScript
2 1,240 (35.46%) Java
3 1,154 (33.00%) Python
4 776 (22.19%) SQL
5 625 (17.87%) TypeScript
6 584 (16.70%) C#
7 313 (8.95%) PHP
8 305 (8.72%) Bash Shell
9 271 (7.75%) Shell Script
10 229 (6.55%) Groovy
11 224 (6.41%) Java 8
12 212 (6.06%) Ruby
13 197 (5.63%) Go
14 192 (5.49%) Scala
15 186 (5.32%) PowerShell
16 115 (3.29%) ES6
17 104 (2.97%) C
17 104 (2.97%) R
18 95 (2.72%) Kotlin
19 82 (2.34%) C++
Qualifications
1 670 (19.16%) Degree
2 245 (7.01%) Security Cleared
3 223 (6.38%) SC Cleared
4 217 (6.21%) Computer Science Degree
5 206 (5.89%) OCP
5 206 (5.89%) Oracle Certification
6 56 (1.60%) AWS Certification
7 53 (1.52%) Numerate Degree
8 49 (1.40%) Cisco Certification
9 29 (0.83%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 27 (0.77%) DBS Check
11 19 (0.54%) CISSP
12 12 (0.34%) Master's Degree
13 11 (0.31%) CESG Certified Professional
14 10 (0.29%) ISTQB
15 9 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 8 (0.23%) PhD
17 7 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
18 5 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
19 3 (0.086%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 246 (7.03%) QA
2 72 (2.06%) Accessibility
3 69 (1.97%) GDPR
4 46 (1.32%) Data Quality
5 36 (1.03%) SLA
6 26 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 20 (0.57%) PCI DSS
8 13 (0.37%) NIST
9 12 (0.34%) IASME
9 12 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 12 (0.34%) WAI
10 11 (0.31%) WCAG
11 9 (0.26%) SOC 2
12 7 (0.20%) HIPAA
13 4 (0.11%) ISO 9001
14 2 (0.057%) MISRA
14 2 (0.057%) NCSC
14 2 (0.057%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 1 (0.029%) ISO 9000
15 1 (0.029%) PMO
System Software
1 1,261 (36.06%) Docker
2 181 (5.18%) HDFS
3 148 (4.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 56 (1.60%) Active Directory
5 48 (1.37%) Virtual Machines
6 22 (0.63%) Varnish
7 18 (0.51%) Virtual Servers
8 17 (0.49%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 7 (0.20%) Ceph
10 3 (0.086%) Firmware
10 3 (0.086%) Hyper-V
10 3 (0.086%) Virtual Desktop
10 3 (0.086%) vSphere
11 1 (0.029%) iptables
11 1 (0.029%) KVM
11 1 (0.029%) pfSense
11 1 (0.029%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 867 (24.79%) Kubernetes
2 760 (21.73%) Terraform
3 490 (14.01%) Ansible
4 178 (5.09%) Opscode Chef
5 140 (4.00%) Puppet
6 80 (2.29%) Grafana
7 60 (1.72%) Kibana
8 46 (1.32%) Prometheus
9 22 (0.63%) Nagios
9 22 (0.63%) Packer
10 19 (0.54%) CASB
11 16 (0.46%) HAProxy
12 13 (0.37%) SCCM
13 12 (0.34%) Bugsnag
13 12 (0.34%) Consul
14 11 (0.31%) logstash
15 10 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
15 10 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
15 10 (0.29%) ZABBIX
16 9 (0.26%) Istio
Vendors
1 401 (11.47%) Google
2 304 (8.69%) Microsoft
3 212 (6.06%) VMware
4 196 (5.60%) Okta
5 176 (5.03%) Oracle
6 64 (1.83%) New Relic
7 57 (1.63%) Apple
8 48 (1.37%) Databricks
9 46 (1.32%) Adobe
10 42 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
11 41 (1.17%) Splunk
12 40 (1.14%) Bloomberg
13 39 (1.12%) Red Hat
14 35 (1.00%) Netlify
14 35 (1.00%) SAP
15 32 (0.92%) Xamarin
16 30 (0.86%) IBM
16 30 (0.86%) LexisNexis
17 29 (0.83%) PayPal
18 28 (0.80%) YouTube