Period
to 17 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 17 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
17 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 53 41 43
Rank change year-on-year -12 +2 +5
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 3,557 5,050 4,244
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.28% 5.37% 4.81%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.91% 6.18% 5.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,301 3,519 2,960
England median daily rate £503 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.50% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £388 £363 £338
90th Percentile £680 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 25 51
England median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% -15.79% +26.67%
10th Percentile £32.70 £32.60 £35.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £64.73 £63.75
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £37.50 £47.50
% change year-on-year -6.67% -21.05% +26.67%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 72,496 81,650 76,007
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.18% 86.76% 86.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 48,201 54,361 50,124
England median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,017 2,206 1,894
England median hourly rate £25.00 £21.50 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.28% -10.42% +2.13%
10th Percentile £11.98 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £24.65 £21.00 £24.82
% change year-on-year +17.38% -15.37% +5.08%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 17 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -14 1,889 £550 +4.76% 409
South East -12 570 £475 - 177
North of England -11 437 £475 +5.56% 212
Midlands -5 279 £475 +5.56% 96
North West -13 209 £475 +5.56% 119
South West -15 205 £480 +12.94% 79
West Midlands -15 176 £475 +0.53% 57
East of England -12 172 £450 -10.00% 90
Yorkshire -17 169 £498 +10.56% 73
East Midlands +32 102 £484 +26.47% 39
North East +5 59 £450 - 20
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 17 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 2,423 (68.12%) Agile Software Development
2 1,485 (41.75%) DevOps
3 1,341 (37.70%) Jenkins
4 1,329 (37.36%) Java
5 1,255 (35.28%) TDD
6 1,119 (31.46%) Amazon AWS
7 1,115 (31.35%) Git (software)
8 1,067 (30.00%) Test Automation
9 955 (26.85%) Scrum
10 921 (25.89%) JavaScript
11 917 (25.78%) Python
12 901 (25.33%) Linux
13 764 (21.48%) Microsoft Azure
14 742 (20.86%) Docker
15 689 (19.37%) SQL
16 670 (18.84%) C#
17 650 (18.27%) Microservices
18 642 (18.05%) Web Services
19 633 (17.80%) Continuous Delivery
20 628 (17.66%) Kubernetes
21 611 (17.18%) Finance
22 589 (16.56%) .NET
23 572 (16.08%) Ansible
24 562 (15.80%) BDD
25 529 (14.87%) HTML
26 514 (14.45%) Continuous Deployment
27 513 (14.42%) CSS
28 503 (14.14%) Kanban
29 495 (13.92%) JIRA
30 470 (13.21%) AngularJS

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 206 (5.79%) Confluence
2 160 (4.50%) Apache
3 137 (3.85%) Apache Spark
4 126 (3.54%) Elasticsearch
5 123 (3.46%) Tomcat
6 106 (2.98%) nginx
7 85 (2.39%) WebSphere
8 80 (2.25%) IIS
9 69 (1.94%) OpenStack
10 48 (1.35%) JBoss
11 44 (1.24%) Jetty
12 40 (1.12%) SharePoint
13 30 (0.84%) Cloud Foundry
14 29 (0.82%) WebLogic
15 26 (0.73%) Mongrel
16 22 (0.62%) SAS
16 22 (0.62%) WordPress
17 18 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 17 (0.48%) Apache Airflow
19 14 (0.39%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 17 (0.48%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
3 14 (0.39%) Sketch
4 12 (0.34%) Photoshop
4 12 (0.34%) Zeplin
5 7 (0.20%) Adobe XD
6 4 (0.11%) InVision
7 3 (0.084%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.056%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.056%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 2 (0.056%) Open Workbench
9 1 (0.028%) GIMP
9 1 (0.028%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.028%) OmniGraffle
9 1 (0.028%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 41 (1.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.37%) Magento
3 11 (0.31%) BusinessWorks
3 11 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
4 9 (0.25%) Sonata
5 6 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
6 5 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
6 5 (0.14%) Shopify
6 5 (0.14%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 4 (0.11%) Summit
8 2 (0.056%) Actimize
8 2 (0.056%) HFM
9 1 (0.028%) Dynamics NAV
9 1 (0.028%) Oracle EBS
9 1 (0.028%) Oracle Financials
9 1 (0.028%) Oracle General Ledger
9 1 (0.028%) Oracle Payables
9 1 (0.028%) Oracle Retail
9 1 (0.028%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.028%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 1,119 (31.46%) Amazon AWS
2 764 (21.48%) Microsoft Azure
3 262 (7.37%) GitHub
4 261 (7.34%) Google Cloud Platform
5 243 (6.83%) Amazon EC2
6 214 (6.02%) Serverless
7 197 (5.54%) Amazon S3
8 162 (4.55%) PaaS
9 160 (4.50%) AWS CloudFormation
10 154 (4.33%) AWS Lambda
11 141 (3.96%) Amazon SQS
12 122 (3.43%) OpenShift
13 112 (3.15%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 99 (2.78%) SaaS
15 98 (2.76%) IaaS
16 84 (2.36%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 60 (1.69%) Cloud Computing
18 56 (1.57%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
19 52 (1.46%) Amazon ECS
20 51 (1.43%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 240 (6.75%) HTTP
2 143 (4.02%) TCP/IP
3 120 (3.37%) SSL
4 111 (3.12%) DNS
5 78 (2.19%) FTP
6 72 (2.02%) DHCP
7 70 (1.97%) IPsec
8 46 (1.29%) Internet
9 44 (1.24%) VPN
10 34 (0.96%) Firewall
11 17 (0.48%) Wireless
12 15 (0.42%) VLAN
13 13 (0.37%) Network Security
14 9 (0.25%) Kerberos
14 9 (0.25%) MQTT
14 9 (0.25%) Skype
15 7 (0.20%) 3GPP
15 7 (0.20%) Bluetooth
15 7 (0.20%) DSL
15 7 (0.20%) H.323
Database & Business Intelligence
1 422 (11.86%) SQL Server
2 266 (7.48%) PostgreSQL
3 260 (7.31%) NoSQL
4 258 (7.25%) Big Data
5 247 (6.94%) Relational Database
6 213 (5.99%) MongoDB
7 192 (5.40%) MySQL
8 164 (4.61%) Hadoop
9 155 (4.36%) Amazon RDS
10 125 (3.51%) Amazon Redshift
11 102 (2.87%) RDBMS
12 88 (2.47%) Data Warehouse
13 69 (1.94%) Apache Cassandra
14 60 (1.69%) Apache Hive
15 57 (1.60%) HBase
16 54 (1.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 52 (1.46%) Azure SQL Database
17 52 (1.46%) BigQuery
18 51 (1.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 50 (1.41%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 1,341 (37.70%) Jenkins
2 1,115 (31.35%) Git (software)
3 495 (13.92%) JIRA
4 321 (9.02%) Selenium
5 271 (7.62%) Maven
6 247 (6.94%) TeamCity
7 231 (6.49%) Cucumber
8 198 (5.57%) Bitbucket
9 185 (5.20%) JUnit
10 150 (4.22%) Subversion
11 149 (4.19%) Visual Studio Team System
12 141 (3.96%) SonarQube
13 133 (3.74%) Visual Studio
14 129 (3.63%) Mockito
15 126 (3.54%) GitLab
16 119 (3.35%) Sonatype Nexus
17 118 (3.32%) Team Foundation Server
18 105 (2.95%) Travis CI
19 101 (2.84%) WebDriver
20 91 (2.56%) Artifactory
General
1 611 (17.18%) Finance
2 308 (8.66%) Banking
3 128 (3.60%) Retail
4 74 (2.08%) Games
5 68 (1.91%) Front Office
6 63 (1.77%) Marketing
7 55 (1.55%) Telecoms
8 54 (1.52%) Legal
9 53 (1.49%) Financial Institution
10 52 (1.46%) Investment Banking
11 43 (1.21%) Law
11 43 (1.21%) Manufacturing
12 33 (0.93%) Electronics
13 20 (0.56%) Back Office
13 20 (0.56%) Publishing
14 10 (0.28%) Advertising
14 10 (0.28%) Military
14 10 (0.28%) Retail Banking
15 9 (0.25%) Billing
16 7 (0.20%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,655 (46.53%) Developer
2 592 (16.64%) DevOps Engineer
3 419 (11.78%) Java Developer
4 207 (5.82%) Senior Developer
5 204 (5.74%) Architect
6 202 (5.68%) C# Developer
7 183 (5.14%) .NET Developer
8 162 (4.55%) Python Developer
9 153 (4.30%) JavaScript Developer
10 149 (4.19%) AWS Engineer
11 143 (4.02%) Cloud Engineer
12 139 (3.91%) Tester
13 123 (3.46%) Software Engineer
14 117 (3.29%) Full Stack Developer
15 115 (3.23%) Angular Developer
16 114 (3.20%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 101 (2.84%) AWS DevOps
18 99 (2.78%) React Developer
19 98 (2.76%) AWS Developer
20 91 (2.56%) Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 642 (18.05%) Web Services
2 589 (16.56%) .NET
3 529 (14.87%) HTML
4 513 (14.42%) CSS
5 470 (13.21%) AngularJS
6 450 (12.65%) RESTful
7 405 (11.39%) REST
8 376 (10.57%) Spring
9 326 (9.17%) React
10 311 (8.74%) Node.js
11 253 (7.11%) JSON
12 246 (6.92%) SOAP
13 235 (6.61%) ASP.NET
14 222 (6.24%) Kafka
15 197 (5.54%) ASP.NET Web API
16 194 (5.45%) HTML5
17 182 (5.12%) J2EE
18 181 (5.09%) XML
19 163 (4.58%) .NET Framework
20 158 (4.44%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 243 (6.83%) Analytical Skills
2 170 (4.78%) User Experience
3 159 (4.47%) Greenfield Project
4 110 (3.09%) Enterprise Software
5 106 (2.98%) Mobile App
6 86 (2.42%) Algorithms
7 80 (2.25%) Data Structures
8 71 (2.00%) Linux Command Line
9 66 (1.86%) Public Cloud
10 55 (1.55%) Self-Motivation
11 50 (1.41%) Hedge funds
12 41 (1.15%) Derivative
13 40 (1.12%) Cloud Native
13 40 (1.12%) Video on Demand
14 39 (1.10%) Private Cloud
14 39 (1.10%) Virtual Team
15 37 (1.04%) Fixed Income
16 36 (1.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 35 (0.98%) Animation
18 34 (0.96%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 901 (25.33%) Linux
2 291 (8.18%) Windows
3 268 (7.53%) Unix
4 120 (3.37%) Android
5 116 (3.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 113 (3.18%) Apple iOS
7 74 (2.08%) CentOS
8 60 (1.69%) Windows Server
9 36 (1.01%) Mac OS X
9 36 (1.01%) Ubuntu
10 20 (0.56%) Mac OS
11 19 (0.53%) tvOS
12 18 (0.51%) Debian
13 7 (0.20%) AIX
13 7 (0.20%) Mesosphere
14 6 (0.17%) VMS
15 4 (0.11%) Fedora
15 4 (0.11%) Solaris
16 2 (0.056%) CoreOS
16 2 (0.056%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,423 (68.12%) Agile Software Development
2 1,485 (41.75%) DevOps
3 1,255 (35.28%) TDD
4 1,067 (30.00%) Test Automation
5 955 (26.85%) Scrum
6 650 (18.27%) Microservices
7 633 (17.80%) Continuous Delivery
8 562 (15.80%) BDD
9 514 (14.45%) Continuous Deployment
10 503 (14.14%) Kanban
11 457 (12.85%) Open Source
12 436 (12.26%) Configuration Management
13 409 (11.50%) Software Engineering
14 330 (9.28%) Problem-Solving
15 311 (8.74%) Deployment Automation
16 301 (8.46%) OO
17 292 (8.21%) Unit Testing
18 265 (7.45%) Continuous Improvement
19 263 (7.39%) MVC
20 249 (7.00%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,329 (37.36%) Java
2 921 (25.89%) JavaScript
3 917 (25.78%) Python
4 689 (19.37%) SQL
5 670 (18.84%) C#
6 311 (8.74%) Ruby
7 272 (7.65%) Bash Shell
8 208 (5.85%) PowerShell
9 181 (5.09%) Scala
10 174 (4.89%) Shell Script
11 170 (4.78%) Java 8
12 134 (3.77%) TypeScript
13 109 (3.06%) Groovy
14 105 (2.95%) PHP
15 101 (2.84%) Perl
16 84 (2.36%) Go
17 77 (2.16%) C
18 74 (2.08%) C++
19 66 (1.86%) PL/SQL
20 56 (1.57%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 408 (11.47%) Security Cleared
2 312 (8.77%) SC Cleared
3 190 (5.34%) Degree
4 59 (1.66%) Computer Science Degree
5 57 (1.60%) AWS Certification
5 57 (1.60%) BPSS Clearance
6 42 (1.18%) ISTQB
7 39 (1.10%) ISEB
8 26 (0.73%) CTC Cleared
9 24 (0.67%) DV Cleared
10 22 (0.62%) CISSP
11 18 (0.51%) DBS Check
12 17 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 15 (0.42%) Master's Degree
14 13 (0.37%) IISP
15 12 (0.34%) RHCE
16 10 (0.28%) ITIL Certification
17 8 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
18 7 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
19 6 (0.17%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 243 (6.83%) QA
2 29 (0.82%) Data Quality
3 23 (0.65%) PCI DSS
4 20 (0.56%) SLA
5 14 (0.39%) PMO
6 13 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
7 8 (0.22%) GDPR
8 7 (0.20%) MISRA
9 6 (0.17%) PSD2
10 5 (0.14%) NCSC
11 4 (0.11%) COBIT
11 4 (0.11%) HL7
11 4 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 4 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 4 (0.11%) NIST
11 4 (0.11%) WCAG
12 2 (0.056%) SEPA
13 1 (0.028%) FedRAMP
13 1 (0.028%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 742 (20.86%) Docker
2 104 (2.92%) Active Directory
3 88 (2.47%) Virtual Machines
4 74 (2.08%) VMware Infrastructure
5 41 (1.15%) HDFS
6 32 (0.90%) vSphere
7 30 (0.84%) Xen
8 23 (0.65%) Postfix
9 22 (0.62%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 9 (0.25%) Firmware
11 8 (0.22%) Apache Flume
12 7 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
13 6 (0.17%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 6 (0.17%) vCloud
14 5 (0.14%) VirtualBox
15 4 (0.11%) KVM
16 3 (0.084%) Cygwin
16 3 (0.084%) Hyper-V
16 3 (0.084%) Slurm Workload Manager
16 3 (0.084%) Squid
Systems Management
1 628 (17.66%) Kubernetes
2 572 (16.08%) Ansible
3 464 (13.04%) Puppet
4 438 (12.31%) Terraform
5 388 (10.91%) Opscode Chef
6 54 (1.52%) Kibana
7 42 (1.18%) Consul
7 42 (1.18%) Grafana
7 42 (1.18%) Packer
8 33 (0.93%) Nagios
9 32 (0.90%) logstash
9 32 (0.90%) Salt
10 29 (0.82%) Control-M
10 29 (0.82%) ZABBIX
11 25 (0.70%) Single Sign-On
12 22 (0.62%) Oozie
13 20 (0.56%) Graphite
13 20 (0.56%) Prometheus
14 19 (0.53%) Hadoop YARN
15 15 (0.42%) Rancher
Vendors
1 395 (11.10%) Microsoft
2 264 (7.42%) Google
3 261 (7.34%) Oracle
4 139 (3.91%) Red Hat
5 96 (2.70%) VMware
6 79 (2.22%) Atlassian
7 61 (1.71%) Splunk
8 59 (1.66%) Salesforce.com
9 53 (1.49%) SAP
10 49 (1.38%) IBM
11 45 (1.27%) Greenplum
12 35 (0.98%) Apple
13 32 (0.90%) Cadence
14 28 (0.79%) New Relic
14 28 (0.79%) ServiceNow
14 28 (0.79%) Tableau
15 27 (0.76%) BMC
16 24 (0.67%) HP
17 23 (0.65%) Adobe
17 23 (0.65%) Perforce