Period
to 18 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 18 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
18 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 40 42 47
Rank change year-on-year +2 +5 +12
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 5,084 4,421 4,400
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.40% 4.84% 4.46%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.26% 5.63% 5.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,509 3,139 3,144
England median daily rate £500 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +8.57%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £338
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 63 21
England median hourly rate £40.00 £47.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.79% +26.67% -0.79%
10th Percentile £31.00 £35.10 £26.75
90th Percentile £53.75 £63.75 £45.00
UK median hourly rate £37.50 £47.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year -21.05% +26.67% -0.79%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 81,241 78,493 84,179
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.22% 85.90% 85.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 54,247 52,460 56,108
England median daily rate £470 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.44% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £283 £263
90th Percentile £645 £630 £605
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,179 1,864 2,221
England median hourly rate £21.00 £24.66 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.84% +9.60% +3.85%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.00
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £24.93 £22.50
% change year-on-year -15.75% +10.78% +3.45%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 18 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +4 2,825 £525 +1.94% 592
South East +1 753 £475 +6.74% 245
North of England +6 641 £450 +5.88% 292
Midlands +16 408 £450 +5.88% 132
West Midlands +19 319 £463 -2.63% 86
North West +8 302 £450 +5.88% 160
Yorkshire -6 234 £450 +5.88% 91
East of England -18 230 £500 +8.11% 112
South West -3 222 £425 +6.25% 132
North East +19 109 £500 +4.61% 41
East Midlands -10 87 £400 +6.67% 46
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 18 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3,523 (69.30%) Agile Software Development
2 2,109 (41.48%) Jenkins
3 2,101 (41.33%) Java
4 1,959 (38.53%) TDD
5 1,822 (35.84%) DevOps
6 1,700 (33.44%) Git (software)
7 1,576 (31.00%) Test Automation
8 1,516 (29.82%) Scrum
9 1,473 (28.97%) Amazon AWS
10 1,350 (26.55%) JavaScript
11 1,206 (23.72%) Linux
12 1,112 (21.87%) Python
13 1,107 (21.77%) Docker
14 1,030 (20.26%) BDD
15 948 (18.65%) SQL
16 915 (18.00%) C#
16 915 (18.00%) Ansible
17 914 (17.98%) Microsoft Azure
18 885 (17.41%) Puppet
19 871 (17.13%) Continuous Delivery
20 859 (16.90%) JIRA
21 855 (16.82%) .NET
22 839 (16.50%) Web Services
23 836 (16.44%) Microservices
24 795 (15.64%) Finance
25 788 (15.50%) CSS
26 768 (15.11%) HTML
27 746 (14.67%) REST
28 727 (14.30%) Kanban
29 697 (13.71%) Spring

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 497 (9.78%) Confluence
2 293 (5.76%) Tomcat
3 249 (4.90%) Apache
4 221 (4.35%) Elasticsearch
4 221 (4.35%) WebSphere
5 179 (3.52%) WebLogic
6 169 (3.32%) OpenStack
7 155 (3.05%) Apache Spark
8 153 (3.01%) nginx
9 116 (2.28%) CMS
10 98 (1.93%) IIS
11 93 (1.83%) JBoss
12 55 (1.08%) Cloud Foundry
13 47 (0.92%) SharePoint
14 45 (0.89%) Apache Solr
15 43 (0.85%) Jetty
16 36 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 32 (0.63%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 31 (0.61%) NServiceBus
19 30 (0.59%) Mongrel
Applications
1 90 (1.77%) Microsoft Excel
2 52 (1.02%) MS Visio
3 19 (0.37%) Photoshop
4 15 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
5 10 (0.20%) Fireworks
6 6 (0.12%) Chatbot
6 6 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
7 5 (0.098%) GIMP
8 4 (0.079%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.079%) InVision
8 4 (0.079%) Microsoft Project
9 2 (0.039%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 1 (0.020%) HipChat
10 1 (0.020%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 41 (0.81%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.20%) thinkFolio
3 9 (0.18%) Magento
4 6 (0.12%) Eagle PACE
4 6 (0.12%) ION MarketView
4 6 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
4 6 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
4 6 (0.12%) Oracle FAH
5 5 (0.098%) Dynamics AX
5 5 (0.098%) Oracle ERP
5 5 (0.098%) SAP FI-CA
5 5 (0.098%) SAP PSCD
6 4 (0.079%) Bloomberg AIM
6 4 (0.079%) Front Arena
6 4 (0.079%) Payment Gateway
7 3 (0.059%) LatentZero
7 3 (0.059%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.059%) Sentinel
8 2 (0.039%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.039%) Global One
Cloud Services
1 1,473 (28.97%) Amazon AWS
2 914 (17.98%) Microsoft Azure
3 357 (7.02%) GitHub
4 252 (4.96%) Amazon EC2
5 224 (4.41%) Google Cloud Platform
6 171 (3.36%) PaaS
7 154 (3.03%) Amazon S3
8 137 (2.69%) AWS CloudFormation
9 117 (2.30%) SaaS
10 116 (2.28%) Serverless
11 110 (2.16%) Cloud Computing
12 105 (2.07%) IaaS
13 95 (1.87%) OpenShift
14 91 (1.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 79 (1.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 70 (1.38%) AWS Lambda
17 60 (1.18%) Google Analytics
18 53 (1.04%) npm
18 53 (1.04%) Slack
19 42 (0.83%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 342 (6.73%) HTTP
2 176 (3.46%) TCP/IP
3 157 (3.09%) SSL
4 113 (2.22%) Firewall
5 110 (2.16%) DNS
6 84 (1.65%) Internet
7 46 (0.90%) DHCP
8 41 (0.81%) FTP
9 36 (0.71%) IPsec
9 36 (0.71%) VPN
10 34 (0.67%) Software-Defined Networking
11 29 (0.57%) Kerberos
11 29 (0.57%) Reverse Proxy
12 22 (0.43%) HTTPS
13 21 (0.41%) SSH
14 20 (0.39%) SAN
15 17 (0.33%) SMS
16 16 (0.31%) Wireless
17 13 (0.26%) NAS
18 11 (0.22%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 555 (10.92%) NoSQL
2 535 (10.52%) SQL Server
3 473 (9.30%) PostgreSQL
4 385 (7.57%) MySQL
5 360 (7.08%) MongoDB
6 348 (6.85%) Relational Database
7 229 (4.50%) Big Data
8 220 (4.33%) Hadoop
9 136 (2.68%) Apache Cassandra
10 128 (2.52%) RDBMS
11 102 (2.01%) Data Warehouse
12 98 (1.93%) Apache Hive
13 90 (1.77%) Amazon RDS
14 79 (1.55%) Redis
15 72 (1.42%) Impala
16 64 (1.26%) Oracle Database
17 57 (1.12%) Sqoop
18 55 (1.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 53 (1.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 44 (0.87%) HBase
Development Applications
1 2,109 (41.48%) Jenkins
2 1,700 (33.44%) Git (software)
3 859 (16.90%) JIRA
4 652 (12.82%) Selenium
5 574 (11.29%) Maven
6 451 (8.87%) Cucumber
7 420 (8.26%) JUnit
8 419 (8.24%) TeamCity
9 307 (6.04%) Subversion
10 225 (4.43%) NUnit
11 214 (4.21%) Bitbucket
12 189 (3.72%) Gradle
13 188 (3.70%) Team Foundation Server
14 180 (3.54%) Mockito
15 179 (3.52%) JMeter
16 178 (3.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 170 (3.34%) Octopus Deploy
17 170 (3.34%) WebDriver
18 169 (3.32%) Visual Studio Team System
19 161 (3.17%) SonarQube
General
1 795 (15.64%) Finance
2 393 (7.73%) Banking
3 174 (3.42%) Front Office
4 169 (3.32%) Retail
5 114 (2.24%) Investment Banking
6 78 (1.53%) Games
7 71 (1.40%) Marketing
8 51 (1.00%) Back Office
9 40 (0.79%) Financial Institution
10 39 (0.77%) Advertising
11 36 (0.71%) Telecoms
12 32 (0.63%) Publishing
13 30 (0.59%) Electronics
14 29 (0.57%) Manufacturing
15 28 (0.55%) Law
16 22 (0.43%) Legal
17 20 (0.39%) Retail Banking
18 16 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
19 9 (0.18%) Corporate Banking
20 7 (0.14%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,618 (51.49%) Developer
2 889 (17.49%) Java Developer
3 784 (15.42%) DevOps Engineer
4 415 (8.16%) Senior Developer
5 331 (6.51%) .NET Developer
6 309 (6.08%) C# Developer
7 249 (4.90%) Architect
8 189 (3.72%) Python Developer
9 188 (3.70%) AWS Engineer
10 187 (3.68%) Tester
11 186 (3.66%) Senior Java Developer
12 185 (3.64%) Software Engineer
13 174 (3.42%) AWS DevOps
14 170 (3.34%) Full Stack Developer
15 159 (3.13%) Agile Developer
16 157 (3.09%) React Developer
17 156 (3.07%) Java Engineer
18 151 (2.97%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 145 (2.85%) C# .NET Developer
20 141 (2.77%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 855 (16.82%) .NET
2 839 (16.50%) Web Services
3 788 (15.50%) CSS
4 768 (15.11%) HTML
5 746 (14.67%) REST
6 697 (13.71%) Spring
7 678 (13.34%) AngularJS
8 662 (13.02%) RESTful
9 535 (10.52%) Node.js
10 437 (8.60%) JSON
11 428 (8.42%) React
12 405 (7.97%) HTML5
13 381 (7.49%) Spring Boot
14 343 (6.75%) SOAP
15 305 (6.00%) ASP.NET
16 304 (5.98%) XML
17 258 (5.07%) .NET Framework
18 245 (4.82%) jQuery
19 244 (4.80%) Kafka
20 239 (4.70%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 302 (5.94%) User Experience
2 295 (5.80%) Analytical Skills
3 268 (5.27%) Greenfield Project
4 177 (3.48%) Mobile App
5 170 (3.34%) Computer Science
6 151 (2.97%) Enterprise Software
7 120 (2.36%) Fixed Income
8 115 (2.26%) Algorithms
9 112 (2.20%) Public Cloud
10 105 (2.07%) Self-Motivation
11 87 (1.71%) Fintech
12 80 (1.57%) Hedge funds
12 80 (1.57%) Wiki
13 74 (1.46%) Data Structures
14 60 (1.18%) Derivative
14 60 (1.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 56 (1.10%) Equities
16 54 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
17 50 (0.98%) Private Cloud
17 50 (0.98%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,206 (23.72%) Linux
2 584 (11.49%) Windows
3 440 (8.65%) Unix
4 189 (3.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 157 (3.09%) Apple iOS
6 151 (2.97%) Android
7 136 (2.68%) Windows Server
8 128 (2.52%) CentOS
9 114 (2.24%) Ubuntu
10 35 (0.69%) Mac OS X
11 31 (0.61%) VMS
12 28 (0.55%) Mac OS
13 27 (0.53%) Solaris
14 25 (0.49%) Windows Server 2008
15 21 (0.41%) Debian
16 18 (0.35%) CoreOS
17 16 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
18 14 (0.28%) Fedora
19 11 (0.22%) DC/OS
20 10 (0.20%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,523 (69.30%) Agile Software Development
2 1,959 (38.53%) TDD
3 1,822 (35.84%) DevOps
4 1,576 (31.00%) Test Automation
5 1,516 (29.82%) Scrum
6 1,030 (20.26%) BDD
7 871 (17.13%) Continuous Delivery
8 836 (16.44%) Microservices
9 727 (14.30%) Kanban
10 672 (13.22%) Configuration Management
11 606 (11.92%) Software Engineering
12 561 (11.03%) OO
13 560 (11.01%) Open Source
14 538 (10.58%) Continuous Deployment
15 505 (9.93%) Problem-Solving
16 493 (9.70%) MVC
17 435 (8.56%) Unit Testing
18 432 (8.50%) Pair Programming
19 412 (8.10%) SDLC
20 409 (8.04%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 2,101 (41.33%) Java
2 1,350 (26.55%) JavaScript
3 1,112 (21.87%) Python
4 948 (18.65%) SQL
5 915 (18.00%) C#
6 447 (8.79%) Ruby
7 389 (7.65%) Bash Shell
8 325 (6.39%) Java 8
9 297 (5.84%) Scala
10 259 (5.09%) PowerShell
11 249 (4.90%) Perl
12 232 (4.56%) Shell Script
13 217 (4.27%) Groovy
14 166 (3.27%) PHP
15 143 (2.81%) C++
16 134 (2.64%) Go
17 124 (2.44%) TypeScript
18 99 (1.95%) C
19 98 (1.93%) ES6
20 94 (1.85%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 417 (8.20%) Security Cleared
2 325 (6.39%) SC Cleared
3 274 (5.39%) Degree
4 85 (1.67%) BPSS Clearance
5 81 (1.59%) ISTQB
6 70 (1.38%) Computer Science Degree
7 54 (1.06%) ISEB
8 34 (0.67%) AWS Certification
9 30 (0.59%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 26 (0.51%) Master's Degree
11 21 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
12 18 (0.35%) CISSP
12 18 (0.35%) DV Cleared
13 14 (0.28%) CISM
14 13 (0.26%) BC Cleared
15 10 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
16 9 (0.18%) CCNA
16 9 (0.18%) CSSLP
16 9 (0.18%) PhD
16 9 (0.18%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 386 (7.59%) QA
2 26 (0.51%) GDPR
3 20 (0.39%) PMO
4 17 (0.33%) SLA
5 15 (0.30%) WCAG
6 13 (0.26%) MiFID
7 12 (0.24%) Data Quality
8 11 (0.22%) PCI DSS
9 6 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
9 6 (0.12%) HIPAA
9 6 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 5 (0.098%) EMIR
10 5 (0.098%) MISRA
11 4 (0.079%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 3 (0.059%) Dodd-Frank
13 2 (0.039%) PSD2
13 2 (0.039%) WAI
14 1 (0.020%) COBIT
14 1 (0.020%) IEC 62304
14 1 (0.020%) MIL-STD-1553
System Software
1 1,107 (21.77%) Docker
2 185 (3.64%) VMware Infrastructure
3 93 (1.83%) Virtual Machines
4 82 (1.61%) HDFS
5 76 (1.49%) vSphere
6 70 (1.38%) Active Directory
7 43 (0.85%) VirtualBox
8 42 (0.83%) Hyper-V
9 30 (0.59%) Xen
10 22 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 15 (0.30%) vCloud
12 14 (0.28%) etcd
12 14 (0.28%) NFS
12 14 (0.28%) oVirt
12 14 (0.28%) RHEV
13 10 (0.20%) Firmware
13 10 (0.20%) Squid
14 9 (0.18%) Postfix
15 8 (0.16%) OpenAM
15 8 (0.16%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 915 (18.00%) Ansible
2 885 (17.41%) Puppet
3 579 (11.39%) Opscode Chef
4 537 (10.56%) Kubernetes
5 449 (8.83%) Terraform
6 159 (3.13%) Kibana
7 98 (1.93%) Grafana
8 92 (1.81%) logstash
9 88 (1.73%) Salt
10 82 (1.61%) Packer
11 66 (1.30%) Mesos
12 62 (1.22%) Hadoop YARN
13 57 (1.12%) Nagios
14 49 (0.96%) Docker Swarm
15 41 (0.81%) Consul
16 40 (0.79%) Prometheus
17 36 (0.71%) Marathon
18 34 (0.67%) Rancher
19 32 (0.63%) ZABBIX
20 29 (0.57%) Graphite
Vendors
1 592 (11.64%) Oracle
2 431 (8.48%) Microsoft
3 355 (6.98%) Google
4 249 (4.90%) VMware
5 177 (3.48%) Atlassian
6 133 (2.62%) Red Hat
7 120 (2.36%) Splunk
8 95 (1.87%) Cloudera
9 71 (1.40%) Adobe
10 55 (1.08%) AppDynamics
10 55 (1.08%) New Relic
11 53 (1.04%) IBM
12 40 (0.79%) Salesforce.com
12 40 (0.79%) SAP
13 37 (0.73%) Apple
13 37 (0.73%) Tableau
14 36 (0.71%) HP
14 36 (0.71%) SaltStack
15 35 (0.69%) MuleSoft
15 35 (0.69%) Zend