Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 12 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
12 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 89 75 59
Rank change year-on-year -14 -16 -3
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 2,038 1,865 1,141
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.80% 3.16% 3.73%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.12% 3.53% 4.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,414 1,269 819
10th Percentile £450 £405 £374
25th Percentile £500 £463 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £520
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +5.77% +1.46%
75th Percentile £700 £638 £600
90th Percentile £788 £719 £688
UK median daily rate £600 £544 £510
% change year-on-year +10.34% +6.62% +1.80%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 22 5
10th Percentile £54.00 £26.58 £46.67
25th Percentile £64.06 £39.50 £48.06
Median hourly rate £65.00 £48.27 £52.50
Median % change year-on-year +34.67% -8.07% +5.00%
75th Percentile £70.75 £55.00 £65.25
90th Percentile £75.39 £66.95 £65.42
UK median hourly rate £65.40 £48.27 £52.50
% change year-on-year +35.49% -8.07% +5.00%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 65,396 52,844 26,827
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.97% 89.57% 87.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 46,592 36,701 18,234
10th Percentile £350 £313 £300
25th Percentile £450 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £588
90th Percentile £750 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,543 1,479 740
10th Percentile £13.25 £12.00 £12.33
25th Percentile £17.00 £14.50 £16.13
Median hourly rate £31.00 £23.00 £25.00
Median % change year-on-year +34.78% -8.00% +8.70%
75th Percentile £57.50 £46.50 £46.00
90th Percentile £70.00 £61.59 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £30.75 £23.13 £25.00
% change year-on-year +32.97% -7.50% +11.11%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 12 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -12 1,202 £625 +5.93% 166
North of England -11 198 £593 +12.86% 85
South East -21 192 £544 +8.75% 68
Midlands +17 148 £500 +3.63% 44
West Midlands +34 136 £500 +1.01% 29
South West 0 98 £605 +21.00% 55
North West -29 91 £625 +25.00% 48
Yorkshire +3 90 £500 -4.76% 28
East of England -15 65 £500 -1.23% 32
North East -7 22 £525 -8.70% 9
East Midlands -15 10 £500 +8.11% 15
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 12 August 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 1,397 (68.55%) Agile
2 1,063 (52.16%) CI/CD
3 995 (48.82%) DevOps
4 721 (35.38%) Java
5 712 (34.94%) Jenkins
6 664 (32.58%) AWS
7 610 (29.93%) Git (software)
8 586 (28.75%) Test Automation
9 570 (27.97%) Python
10 562 (27.58%) TDD
11 546 (26.79%) Azure
12 540 (26.50%) Scrum
13 529 (25.96%) Continuous Delivery
14 501 (24.58%) Social Skills
15 496 (24.34%) Docker
16 490 (24.04%) SQL
17 487 (23.90%) Kubernetes
18 484 (23.75%) Microservices
19 477 (23.41%) JavaScript
19 477 (23.41%) Linux
20 438 (21.49%) Finance
21 430 (21.10%) JIRA
22 411 (20.17%) Security Cleared
23 401 (19.68%) Terraform
24 398 (19.53%) Ansible
25 377 (18.50%) C#
26 346 (16.98%) Software Engineering
27 323 (15.85%) SC Cleared
28 305 (14.97%) GitHub
29 302 (14.82%) Oracle

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 254 (12.46%) Confluence
2 72 (3.53%) Apache
3 68 (3.34%) nginx
4 49 (2.40%) Cloud Foundry
5 44 (2.16%) Traefik
6 41 (2.01%) Apache Spark
7 39 (1.91%) Oracle Coherence
8 37 (1.82%) SAS
9 31 (1.52%) SharePoint
10 27 (1.32%) BizTalk Server
11 25 (1.23%) Tomcat
12 24 (1.18%) OpenStack
13 21 (1.03%) WebLogic
14 19 (0.93%) Apache Airflow
15 17 (0.83%) WebSphere
16 16 (0.79%) CMS
16 16 (0.79%) Sitefinity
17 15 (0.74%) Mule
18 13 (0.64%) IIS
19 9 (0.44%) Jetty
Applications
1 45 (2.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.49%) Microsoft Project
3 9 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.15%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.098%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.049%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.049%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.049%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 13 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.59%) HiPortfolio
3 7 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
3 7 (0.34%) SAP FI-CA
3 7 (0.34%) SAP PSCD
4 6 (0.29%) Shopify
5 5 (0.25%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
6 4 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.098%) Magento
7 2 (0.098%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.049%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 1 (0.049%) Oracle ERP
8 1 (0.049%) R3 Corda
8 1 (0.049%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 664 (32.58%) AWS
2 546 (26.79%) Azure
3 305 (14.97%) GitHub
4 196 (9.62%) Azure DevOps
5 193 (9.47%) GCP
6 152 (7.46%) Serverless
7 125 (6.13%) OpenShift
8 120 (5.89%) AWS CloudFormation
9 117 (5.74%) Amazon EC2
10 109 (5.35%) PaaS
11 96 (4.71%) Amazon S3
12 89 (4.37%) IaaS
13 82 (4.02%) AWS Lambda
14 80 (3.93%) Azure AKS
15 75 (3.68%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 73 (3.58%) SaaS
17 72 (3.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 67 (3.29%) GitHub Actions
19 62 (3.04%) Amazon EKS
20 60 (2.94%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 99 (4.86%) TCP/IP
2 65 (3.19%) DNS
3 52 (2.55%) HTTP
4 39 (1.91%) HTTPS
5 36 (1.77%) Firewall
6 30 (1.47%) Ethernet
7 23 (1.13%) NAS
8 22 (1.08%) SAN
8 22 (1.08%) VPN
9 21 (1.03%) SSL
10 20 (0.98%) Internet
11 19 (0.93%) RTMP
11 19 (0.93%) SSH
12 12 (0.59%) VoIP
13 8 (0.39%) WAN
14 7 (0.34%) Network Security
15 5 (0.25%) Kerberos
15 5 (0.25%) LAN
15 5 (0.25%) Modbus
15 5 (0.25%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 179 (8.78%) SQL Server
2 175 (8.59%) NoSQL
3 148 (7.26%) Relational Database
4 125 (6.13%) MongoDB
5 115 (5.64%) PostgreSQL
6 110 (5.40%) MySQL
7 78 (3.83%) Big Data
8 74 (3.63%) Oracle Database
9 63 (3.09%) Pentaho
10 62 (3.04%) Hadoop
11 55 (2.70%) Amazon RDS
11 55 (2.70%) HBase
12 54 (2.65%) DynamoDB
13 50 (2.45%) Apache Hive
14 41 (2.01%) DB2
15 40 (1.96%) Elasticsearch
16 38 (1.86%) Data Warehouse
17 33 (1.62%) Azure SQL Database
18 30 (1.47%) Redis
19 29 (1.42%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 712 (34.94%) Jenkins
2 610 (29.93%) Git (software)
3 430 (21.10%) JIRA
4 251 (12.32%) GitLab
5 176 (8.64%) Selenium
6 158 (7.75%) Maven
7 121 (5.94%) TeamCity
8 105 (5.15%) Cucumber
9 102 (5.00%) Bitbucket
10 89 (4.37%) Artifactory
11 85 (4.17%) Postman
12 82 (4.02%) Sonatype Nexus
13 81 (3.97%) JUnit
13 81 (3.97%) SonarQube
14 78 (3.83%) Gradle
15 64 (3.14%) JMeter
15 64 (3.14%) Visual Studio
16 55 (2.70%) Cypress.io
17 50 (2.45%) Eclipse
18 49 (2.40%) SoapUI
General
1 501 (24.58%) Social Skills
2 438 (21.49%) Finance
3 255 (12.51%) Banking
4 241 (11.83%) Public Sector
5 106 (5.20%) Analytical Skills
6 105 (5.15%) Investment Banking
7 103 (5.05%) Front Office
8 52 (2.55%) Presentation Skills
9 40 (1.96%) Legal
10 36 (1.77%) Influencing Skills
11 35 (1.72%) Telecoms
12 28 (1.37%) Marketing
13 27 (1.32%) Electronics
14 25 (1.23%) Manufacturing
15 24 (1.18%) Games
16 23 (1.13%) Retail
17 20 (0.98%) Documentation Skills
18 16 (0.79%) Financial Institution
18 16 (0.79%) Police
19 15 (0.74%) Military
Job Titles
1 770 (37.78%) Developer
2 312 (15.31%) DevOps Engineer
3 210 (10.30%) Java Developer
4 156 (7.65%) Software Engineer
5 151 (7.41%) Senior Developer
6 110 (5.40%) Architect
7 87 (4.27%) .NET Developer
7 87 (4.27%) AWS Engineer
8 68 (3.34%) Full Stack Developer
9 66 (3.24%) AWS DevOps
10 62 (3.04%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 60 (2.94%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 58 (2.85%) Data Engineer
12 58 (2.85%) Python Developer
13 56 (2.75%) Analyst
14 54 (2.65%) JavaScript Developer
15 53 (2.60%) Java Engineer
16 52 (2.55%) Azure Engineer
16 52 (2.55%) React Developer
17 51 (2.50%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 286 (14.03%) .NET
2 278 (13.64%) CSS
3 273 (13.40%) React
4 271 (13.30%) REST
5 262 (12.86%) RESTful
6 243 (11.92%) HTML
7 237 (11.63%) Spring
8 202 (9.91%) Node.js
9 198 (9.72%) AngularJS
10 173 (8.49%) Web Services
11 161 (7.90%) Kafka
12 152 (7.46%) Spring Boot
13 117 (5.74%) ASP.NET
14 115 (5.64%) JSON
15 94 (4.61%) HTML5
15 94 (4.61%) SOAP
16 86 (4.22%) XML
17 81 (3.97%) .NET Core
18 79 (3.88%) JPA
19 77 (3.78%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 73 (3.58%) User Experience
2 72 (3.53%) Public Cloud
3 71 (3.48%) Cloud Native
4 70 (3.43%) Clustering
5 64 (3.14%) Data Protection Act
6 56 (2.75%) PKI
7 51 (2.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 51 (2.50%) Mobile App
8 40 (1.96%) Data Structures
9 38 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
10 36 (1.77%) Self-Motivation
11 34 (1.67%) Derivative
12 31 (1.52%) Greenfield Project
13 30 (1.47%) Linux Command Line
14 28 (1.37%) Hedge funds
14 28 (1.37%) Management Information System
15 25 (1.23%) Analytical Mindset
16 24 (1.18%) Fixed Income
17 22 (1.08%) Replication
18 21 (1.03%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 477 (23.41%) Linux
2 232 (11.38%) Windows
3 193 (9.47%) Unix
4 99 (4.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 66 (3.24%) CentOS
6 48 (2.36%) Android
7 41 (2.01%) Apple iOS
8 36 (1.77%) Windows Server
9 14 (0.69%) Windows Server 2016
9 14 (0.69%) Windows Server 2019
10 8 (0.39%) Mac OS X
11 6 (0.29%) Mac OS
11 6 (0.29%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.25%) CoreOS
13 4 (0.20%) Alpine Linux
14 3 (0.15%) Amazon Linux
14 3 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
15 1 (0.049%) Debian
15 1 (0.049%) Kali Linux
15 1 (0.049%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,397 (68.55%) Agile
2 1,063 (52.16%) CI/CD
3 995 (48.82%) DevOps
4 586 (28.75%) Test Automation
5 562 (27.58%) TDD
6 540 (26.50%) Scrum
7 529 (25.96%) Continuous Delivery
8 484 (23.75%) Microservices
9 346 (16.98%) Software Engineering
10 261 (12.81%) Continuous Deployment
11 258 (12.66%) Containerisation
12 248 (12.17%) Problem-Solving
13 247 (12.12%) Configuration Management
14 244 (11.97%) Unit Testing
15 242 (11.87%) Infrastructure as Code
16 230 (11.29%) BDD
17 221 (10.84%) Analytics
18 218 (10.70%) Continuous Improvement
19 214 (10.50%) SDLC
20 204 (10.01%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 721 (35.38%) Java
2 570 (27.97%) Python
3 490 (24.04%) SQL
4 477 (23.41%) JavaScript
5 377 (18.50%) C#
6 191 (9.37%) Bash
7 161 (7.90%) PowerShell
8 146 (7.16%) TypeScript
9 134 (6.58%) Go
10 125 (6.13%) Ruby
11 121 (5.94%) Scala
12 113 (5.54%) PL/SQL
13 112 (5.50%) C++
14 110 (5.40%) Shell Script
15 97 (4.76%) Perl
16 79 (3.88%) Groovy
17 60 (2.94%) R
18 51 (2.50%) Kotlin
19 49 (2.40%) VBA
20 45 (2.21%) C
Qualifications
1 411 (20.17%) Security Cleared
2 323 (15.85%) SC Cleared
3 112 (5.50%) Degree
4 49 (2.40%) BPSS Clearance
5 38 (1.86%) Computer Science Degree
6 31 (1.52%) DV Cleared
7 29 (1.42%) ISTQB
8 26 (1.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 23 (1.13%) AWS Certification
10 18 (0.88%) Master's Degree
11 17 (0.83%) Numerate Degree
12 15 (0.74%) ISEB
12 15 (0.74%) Microsoft Certification
13 12 (0.59%) CFA
14 7 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
14 7 (0.34%) MCSE
15 6 (0.29%) CCNA
15 6 (0.29%) ITIL Certification
15 6 (0.29%) TOGAF Certification
16 5 (0.25%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 179 (8.78%) QA
2 79 (3.88%) Accessibility
3 39 (1.91%) NCSC
4 32 (1.57%) WCAG
5 27 (1.32%) Data Quality
6 12 (0.59%) GDPR
7 10 (0.49%) SLA
8 5 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
9 3 (0.15%) WAI
10 2 (0.098%) COREP
10 2 (0.098%) ITGC
10 2 (0.098%) PMO
11 1 (0.049%) DICOM
11 1 (0.049%) GRC
11 1 (0.049%) HL7
11 1 (0.049%) IEC 61508
11 1 (0.049%) IEC 62304
11 1 (0.049%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.049%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 496 (24.34%) Docker
2 91 (4.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 56 (2.75%) HDFS
4 31 (1.52%) Active Directory
5 22 (1.08%) Hyper-V
5 22 (1.08%) Veritas Cluster Server
5 22 (1.08%) Veritas Volume Manager
6 16 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
6 16 (0.79%) vSphere
7 14 (0.69%) Ceph
7 14 (0.69%) OpenSSH
8 10 (0.49%) Postfix
9 9 (0.44%) Platform Symphony
10 4 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 3 (0.15%) GridGain
12 2 (0.098%) Firmware
13 1 (0.049%) LXC
13 1 (0.049%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 487 (23.90%) Kubernetes
2 401 (19.68%) Terraform
3 398 (19.53%) Ansible
4 188 (9.22%) Puppet
5 116 (5.69%) Prometheus
6 80 (3.93%) Packer
7 76 (3.73%) Opscode Chef
8 75 (3.68%) Docker Swarm
9 71 (3.48%) Istio
10 63 (3.09%) Consul
11 61 (2.99%) Grafana
12 50 (2.45%) ZABBIX
13 47 (2.31%) Graphite
13 47 (2.31%) Podman
14 45 (2.21%) HAProxy
15 43 (2.11%) ITRS Geneos
16 39 (1.91%) linkerd
17 38 (1.86%) Kibana
18 37 (1.82%) Rancher
19 25 (1.23%) Mesos
Vendors
1 302 (14.82%) Oracle
2 278 (13.64%) Microsoft
3 149 (7.31%) Splunk
4 146 (7.16%) Google
5 102 (5.00%) VMware
6 70 (3.43%) AppDynamics
6 70 (3.43%) IBM
7 51 (2.50%) Informatica
8 47 (2.31%) PagerDuty
9 45 (2.21%) SAP
9 45 (2.21%) Talend
10 43 (2.11%) Atlassian
11 37 (1.82%) Databricks
12 35 (1.72%) Salesforce.com
13 31 (1.52%) Sitecore
14 30 (1.47%) Red Hat
15 28 (1.37%) Dynatrace
16 25 (1.23%) Citrix
16 25 (1.23%) ServiceNow
17 23 (1.13%) Sybase