Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 41 45 59
Rank change year-on-year +4 +14 +19
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 4830 4383 3406
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.09% 4.48% 3.31%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.01% 5.32% 4.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 3499 3107 2471
England median daily rate £500 £480 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +6.67% +5.88%
10th Percentile £350 £345 £313
90th Percentile £625 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £438
% change year-on-year +5.26% +8.57% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 61 22 19
England median hourly rate £47.50 £37.50 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.67% -2.60% -1.28%
10th Percentile £35.50 £35.78 £31.50
90th Percentile £63.75 £46.00 £53.50
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £37.50 £39.75
% change year-on-year +26.67% -5.66% -33.19%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80305 82432 84439
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.63% 84.16% 81.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 54036 54950 55644
England median daily rate £450 £425 £423
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +0.47% +5.75%
10th Percentile £288 £265 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.91% +3.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1882 2137 2504
England median hourly rate £24.00 £24.43 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.76% +8.58% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.43 £11.50 £11.26
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £23.63 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -1.56% +6.67% +18.42%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 2770 £525 +4.43% 359
South East +21 790 £445 +4.71% 110
North of England +3 476 £425 -0.87% 142
Midlands -6 308 £450 - 60
East of England +15 297 £456 +1.39% 43
Yorkshire +10 222 £425 -5.56% 55
West Midlands +2 198 £475 +7.95% 36
North West +1 197 £450 +5.88% 78
South West +18 194 £420 -1.18% 49
East Midlands -21 109 £360 -20.00% 23
North East +15 71 £425 -4.49% 9
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3328 (68.90%) Agile Software Development
2 2171 (44.95%) TDD
3 2104 (43.56%) Java
4 1873 (38.78%) Jenkins
5 1727 (35.76%) DevOps
6 1650 (34.16%) Git (software)
7 1580 (32.71%) Scrum
8 1414 (29.28%) Test Automation
9 1323 (27.39%) Amazon AWS
10 1306 (27.04%) JavaScript
11 1260 (26.09%) Linux
12 1128 (23.35%) BDD
13 1035 (21.43%) Web Services
14 993 (20.56%) Python
15 945 (19.57%) Finance
16 903 (18.70%) HTML
17 853 (17.66%) SQL
18 852 (17.64%) Docker
19 842 (17.43%) Puppet
20 839 (17.37%) C#
21 808 (16.73%) CSS
22 802 (16.60%) Ansible
23 781 (16.17%) Continuous Delivery
24 748 (15.49%) RESTful
25 745 (15.42%) REST
26 733 (15.18%) JIRA
26 733 (15.18%) .NET
26 733 (15.18%) Configuration Management
27 725 (15.01%) Spring
28 706 (14.62%) Microservices

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 435 (9.01%) Confluence
2 284 (5.88%) Tomcat
3 205 (4.24%) OpenStack
3 205 (4.24%) WebSphere
4 202 (4.18%) Apache
5 200 (4.14%) Elasticsearch
6 165 (3.42%) Apache Spark
7 158 (3.27%) WebLogic
8 148 (3.06%) nginx
9 106 (2.19%) JBoss
10 87 (1.80%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 84 (1.74%) IIS
12 67 (1.39%) CMS
13 65 (1.35%) Cloud Foundry
14 44 (0.91%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 42 (0.87%) Apache Solr
16 41 (0.85%) SharePoint
17 32 (0.66%) Jetty
18 29 (0.60%) Mule
18 29 (0.60%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 11 (0.23%) HipChat
2 10 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 6 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (0.10%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.062%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.041%) Fireworks
8 1 (0.021%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.021%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.021%) Mingle
8 1 (0.021%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 38 (0.79%) Payment Gateway
2 34 (0.70%) Magento
3 25 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
4 22 (0.46%) ION MarketView
5 13 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
6 11 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
7 10 (0.21%) Bloomberg TOMS
7 10 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
8 5 (0.10%) RMDS
8 5 (0.10%) SDL Web 8
9 4 (0.083%) Oracle Applications
9 4 (0.083%) WebTrends
10 3 (0.062%) MetaTrader
10 3 (0.062%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 2 (0.041%) Oracle ERP
11 2 (0.041%) SAP HCM
11 2 (0.041%) Summit
12 1 (0.021%) Dynamics GP
12 1 (0.021%) Oracle EBS R12
12 1 (0.021%) Oracle SCM
Cloud Services
1 1323 (27.39%) Amazon AWS
2 628 (13.00%) Microsoft Azure
3 286 (5.92%) GitHub
4 187 (3.87%) Amazon EC2
5 135 (2.80%) PaaS
6 125 (2.59%) AWS CloudFormation
7 113 (2.34%) Serverless
8 108 (2.24%) Amazon S3
9 98 (2.03%) IaaS
10 97 (2.01%) AWS Lambda
11 84 (1.74%) npm
12 71 (1.47%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 70 (1.45%) Cloud Computing
14 67 (1.39%) Google Cloud Platform
15 64 (1.33%) SaaS
16 56 (1.16%) Slack
17 54 (1.12%) OpenShift
18 44 (0.91%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 42 (0.87%) Route 53
20 30 (0.62%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 322 (6.67%) HTTP
2 189 (3.91%) TCP/IP
3 154 (3.19%) SSL
4 94 (1.95%) DNS
5 72 (1.49%) Internet
6 64 (1.33%) Firewall
7 46 (0.95%) VPN
8 36 (0.75%) SMS
9 35 (0.72%) Kerberos
10 27 (0.56%) DHCP
10 27 (0.56%) LDAP
11 25 (0.52%) FTP
12 22 (0.46%) IPsec
12 22 (0.46%) Network Security
13 20 (0.41%) OpenLDAP
14 17 (0.35%) OpenVPN
14 17 (0.35%) SSH
15 16 (0.33%) LAN
16 15 (0.31%) WAN
17 12 (0.25%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 656 (13.58%) NoSQL
2 527 (10.91%) SQL Server
3 404 (8.36%) MongoDB
4 398 (8.24%) PostgreSQL
5 396 (8.20%) MySQL
6 378 (7.83%) Relational Database
7 265 (5.49%) Big Data
8 252 (5.22%) Hadoop
9 187 (3.87%) Apache Cassandra
10 142 (2.94%) RDBMS
11 107 (2.22%) Redis
12 105 (2.17%) HBase
13 82 (1.70%) Amazon RDS
14 78 (1.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 69 (1.43%) Apache Hive
16 63 (1.30%) Oracle Database
17 59 (1.22%) Data Warehouse
18 54 (1.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 52 (1.08%) SQL Server 2008
20 46 (0.95%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 1873 (38.78%) Jenkins
2 1650 (34.16%) Git (software)
3 733 (15.18%) JIRA
4 507 (10.50%) Maven
5 477 (9.88%) TeamCity
6 438 (9.07%) Selenium
7 406 (8.41%) Subversion
8 401 (8.30%) JUnit
9 343 (7.10%) Cucumber
10 218 (4.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 216 (4.47%) Team Foundation Server
12 205 (4.24%) Mockito
13 204 (4.22%) NUnit
14 191 (3.95%) Octopus Deploy
15 188 (3.89%) Bitbucket
16 187 (3.87%) Gradle
17 171 (3.54%) Sonatype Nexus
18 146 (3.02%) SonarQube
19 144 (2.98%) gulp
20 126 (2.61%) Ant
General
1 945 (19.57%) Finance
2 502 (10.39%) Banking
3 166 (3.44%) Retail
4 161 (3.33%) Front Office
5 131 (2.71%) Investment Banking
6 130 (2.69%) Marketing
7 127 (2.63%) Games
7 127 (2.63%) Telecoms
8 94 (1.95%) Manufacturing
9 78 (1.61%) Electronics
10 54 (1.12%) Publishing
11 48 (0.99%) Back Office
12 46 (0.95%) Retail Banking
13 42 (0.87%) Financial Institution
14 36 (0.75%) Law
15 34 (0.70%) Advertising
16 25 (0.52%) Legal
17 22 (0.46%) Automotive
18 15 (0.31%) Corporate Banking
19 10 (0.21%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 2579 (53.40%) Developer
2 830 (17.18%) Java Developer
3 814 (16.85%) DevOps Engineer
4 409 (8.47%) Senior Developer
5 328 (6.79%) .NET Developer
6 300 (6.21%) C# Developer
7 250 (5.18%) Agile Developer
8 248 (5.13%) JavaScript Developer
9 238 (4.93%) AWS Engineer
10 229 (4.74%) Architect
11 225 (4.66%) Full Stack Developer
12 220 (4.55%) AWS DevOps
13 173 (3.58%) Tester
14 171 (3.54%) C# .NET Developer
15 167 (3.46%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 164 (3.40%) Linux/Unix DevOps
17 160 (3.31%) Linux Engineer
18 158 (3.27%) Senior Java Developer
19 147 (3.04%) Python Developer
20 140 (2.90%) Linux DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1035 (21.43%) Web Services
2 903 (18.70%) HTML
3 808 (16.73%) CSS
4 748 (15.49%) RESTful
5 745 (15.42%) REST
6 733 (15.18%) .NET
7 725 (15.01%) Spring
8 676 (14.00%) AngularJS
9 574 (11.88%) Node.js
10 559 (11.57%) HTML5
11 456 (9.44%) React
12 394 (8.16%) JSON
13 333 (6.89%) SOAP
14 310 (6.42%) CSS3
15 297 (6.15%) ASP.NET
16 287 (5.94%) XML
17 267 (5.53%) Hibernate
18 262 (5.42%) jQuery
19 251 (5.20%) Spring Boot
20 230 (4.76%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 225 (4.66%) Mobile App
2 212 (4.39%) Analytical Skills
3 207 (4.29%) User Experience
4 184 (3.81%) Computer Science
5 183 (3.79%) Greenfield Project
6 125 (2.59%) Algorithms
6 125 (2.59%) Enterprise Software
7 115 (2.38%) Data Structures
8 112 (2.32%) Fintech
9 98 (2.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 80 (1.66%) Public Cloud
11 67 (1.39%) Virtual Team
12 64 (1.33%) N-Tier
13 60 (1.24%) Derivative
14 58 (1.20%) Fixed Income
15 55 (1.14%) iPad
16 51 (1.06%) Data Centre
17 49 (1.01%) Clustering
18 41 (0.85%) Social Media
19 35 (0.72%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1260 (26.09%) Linux
2 436 (9.03%) Unix
3 399 (8.26%) Windows
4 212 (4.39%) Android
5 198 (4.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 151 (3.13%) Apple iOS
7 122 (2.53%) CentOS
8 75 (1.55%) Mac OS X
9 66 (1.37%) Ubuntu
10 61 (1.26%) Windows Server
11 29 (0.60%) CoreOS
12 28 (0.58%) Solaris
13 17 (0.35%) AIX
14 14 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
15 13 (0.27%) VMS
16 8 (0.17%) Amazon Linux
16 8 (0.17%) Debian
17 7 (0.14%) HPUX
17 7 (0.14%) Mac OS
18 6 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3328 (68.90%) Agile Software Development
2 2171 (44.95%) TDD
3 1727 (35.76%) DevOps
4 1580 (32.71%) Scrum
5 1414 (29.28%) Test Automation
6 1128 (23.35%) BDD
7 781 (16.17%) Continuous Delivery
8 733 (15.18%) Configuration Management
9 706 (14.62%) Microservices
10 677 (14.02%) Kanban
11 622 (12.88%) Software Engineering
12 581 (12.03%) OO
13 566 (11.72%) MVC
14 565 (11.70%) Open Source
15 495 (10.25%) Pair Programming
16 435 (9.01%) Unit Testing
17 399 (8.26%) Continuous Deployment
18 392 (8.12%) Mentoring
19 373 (7.72%) Web Development
20 368 (7.62%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 2104 (43.56%) Java
2 1306 (27.04%) JavaScript
3 993 (20.56%) Python
4 853 (17.66%) SQL
5 839 (17.37%) C#
6 472 (9.77%) Ruby
7 354 (7.33%) Scala
8 342 (7.08%) Bash Shell
9 216 (4.47%) PowerShell
10 210 (4.35%) Shell Script
11 185 (3.83%) Groovy
12 150 (3.11%) C++
13 149 (3.08%) Perl
14 138 (2.86%) ES6
15 137 (2.84%) PHP
16 133 (2.75%) Go
17 92 (1.90%) C
18 89 (1.84%) Apple Swift
19 85 (1.76%) TypeScript
20 79 (1.64%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 383 (7.93%) Security Cleared
2 282 (5.84%) SC Cleared
3 256 (5.30%) Degree
4 102 (2.11%) Computer Science Degree
5 55 (1.14%) ISTQB
6 42 (0.87%) ISEB
7 34 (0.70%) AWS Certification
8 31 (0.64%) DV Cleared
9 28 (0.58%) BPSS Clearance
10 18 (0.37%) PMI Certification
10 18 (0.37%) PMP
11 16 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 14 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
13 13 (0.27%) CTC Cleared
14 10 (0.21%) PhD
15 8 (0.17%) CHECK Team Member
16 6 (0.12%) Numerate Degree
17 5 (0.10%) ISEB Practitioner
18 4 (0.083%) CISM
18 4 (0.083%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 415 (8.59%) QA
2 30 (0.62%) Disclosure Scotland
3 23 (0.48%) WCAG
4 21 (0.43%) PCI DSS
5 15 (0.31%) MiFID
6 13 (0.27%) Data Quality
7 12 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 10 (0.21%) GCP
8 10 (0.21%) GDPR
9 5 (0.10%) EMIR
9 5 (0.10%) WAI
10 4 (0.083%) SLA
11 2 (0.041%) COBIT
11 2 (0.041%) HL7
11 2 (0.041%) PMO
11 2 (0.041%) RosettaNet
11 2 (0.041%) SEPA
11 2 (0.041%) Solvency II
12 1 (0.021%) Government Security Classifications
12 1 (0.021%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 852 (17.64%) Docker
2 93 (1.93%) VMware Infrastructure
3 51 (1.06%) vCloud
4 49 (1.01%) Active Directory
5 48 (0.99%) Virtual Machines
6 45 (0.93%) HDFS
6 45 (0.93%) Xen
7 39 (0.81%) Apache Flume
8 24 (0.50%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 23 (0.48%) vSphere
10 19 (0.39%) Squid
11 17 (0.35%) Postfix
12 16 (0.33%) VirtualBox
13 13 (0.27%) Gluster
14 10 (0.21%) etcd
14 10 (0.21%) Varnish
15 9 (0.19%) Hyper-V
15 9 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
16 8 (0.17%) KVM
16 8 (0.17%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 842 (17.43%) Puppet
2 802 (16.60%) Ansible
3 537 (11.12%) Opscode Chef
4 381 (7.89%) Kubernetes
5 364 (7.54%) Terraform
6 162 (3.35%) logstash
7 157 (3.25%) Kibana
8 96 (1.99%) Grafana
9 63 (1.30%) ZABBIX
10 56 (1.16%) Salt
11 49 (1.01%) Prometheus
12 45 (0.93%) Rancher
13 41 (0.85%) Docker Swarm
13 41 (0.85%) Packer
14 40 (0.83%) Nagios
15 34 (0.70%) Consul
16 29 (0.60%) Hadoop YARN
17 24 (0.50%) Mesos
18 22 (0.46%) HP Quality Center
19 21 (0.43%) Business Desktop Deployment
Vendors
1 559 (11.57%) Oracle
2 384 (7.95%) Microsoft
3 181 (3.75%) Google
4 157 (3.25%) VMware
5 135 (2.80%) Splunk
6 129 (2.67%) Atlassian
7 122 (2.53%) Red Hat
8 105 (2.17%) AppDynamics
9 104 (2.15%) SAP
10 90 (1.86%) New Relic
11 88 (1.82%) IBM
12 51 (1.06%) HP
12 51 (1.06%) Salesforce.com
13 49 (1.01%) Adobe
14 47 (0.97%) WSO2
15 46 (0.95%) hybris
16 42 (0.87%) SaltStack
17 41 (0.85%) Xamarin
18 40 (0.83%) MuleSoft
19 36 (0.75%) Cloudera