Period
to 25 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 25 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
25 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 47 40 46
Rank change year-on-year -7 +6 +12
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 4,146 5,001 3,707
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.77% 5.40% 4.39%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.47% 6.25% 5.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,728 3,509 2,519
England median daily rate £515 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £381 £362 £325
90th Percentile £663 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £510 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +2.00% +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 35 36
England median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -30.00% +17.65% -12.37%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -30.00% +17.65% -12.37%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 75,776 80,026 71,974
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.18% 86.44% 85.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 50,549 53,145 47,625
England median daily rate £475 £463 £447
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +3.47% +5.18%
10th Percentile £306 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £435
% change year-on-year +5.56% +3.45% +2.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,907 2,065 1,929
England median hourly rate £25.00 £22.50 £25.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -11.76% +8.51%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £52.35 £50.15 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £22.50 £25.00
% change year-on-year +11.11% -10.00% -

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 25 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 25 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 25 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -10 2,198 £550 +4.76% 107
South East -4 699 £500 +1.11% 55
North of England 0 584 £500 +17.65% 68
Midlands -11 300 £475 - 26
North West -2 255 £475 +10.98% 47
Yorkshire +5 252 £500 +19.05% 13
South West -13 231 £475 +5.56% 24
West Midlands -10 224 £490 +2.30% 16
East of England -22 133 £455 -4.21% 23
North East -7 78 £495 +9.94% 8
East Midlands +12 75 £425 +6.25% 10
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 25 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 2,815 (67.90%) Agile Software Development
2 1,729 (41.70%) Jenkins
3 1,680 (40.52%) DevOps
4 1,648 (39.75%) Java
5 1,527 (36.83%) TDD
6 1,357 (32.73%) Test Automation
7 1,319 (31.81%) Git (software)
8 1,308 (31.55%) Amazon AWS
9 1,144 (27.59%) Scrum
10 1,110 (26.77%) Linux
11 982 (23.69%) Microsoft Azure
12 973 (23.47%) JavaScript
13 853 (20.57%) Python
14 851 (20.53%) Continuous Delivery
15 817 (19.71%) SQL
16 801 (19.32%) C#
17 787 (18.98%) .NET
18 785 (18.93%) Docker
19 783 (18.89%) Microservices
20 757 (18.26%) BDD
21 741 (17.87%) Ansible
22 690 (16.64%) Puppet
23 668 (16.11%) Web Services
24 637 (15.36%) Finance
25 631 (15.22%) Configuration Management
26 612 (14.76%) JIRA
27 605 (14.59%) Kubernetes
28 583 (14.06%) CSS
29 579 (13.97%) HTML
30 578 (13.94%) Kanban

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 366 (8.83%) Confluence
2 260 (6.27%) Apache
3 242 (5.84%) Tomcat
4 189 (4.56%) WebSphere
5 180 (4.34%) nginx
6 173 (4.17%) Elasticsearch
7 149 (3.59%) WebLogic
8 146 (3.52%) Apache Spark
9 125 (3.01%) OpenStack
10 106 (2.56%) IIS
11 93 (2.24%) JBoss
12 73 (1.76%) Jetty
13 70 (1.69%) Cloud Foundry
14 57 (1.37%) Mongrel
15 56 (1.35%) SharePoint
16 37 (0.89%) CMS
17 29 (0.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 26 (0.63%) Documentum
19 18 (0.43%) GlassFish
20 17 (0.41%) Drupal
Applications
1 44 (1.06%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 6 (0.14%) Photoshop
4 5 (0.12%) InVision
4 5 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.048%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.048%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.048%) Open Workbench
6 1 (0.024%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.024%) GIMP
6 1 (0.024%) iWork
6 1 (0.024%) OmniGraffle
6 1 (0.024%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 63 (1.52%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (0.39%) Oracle BPM
3 11 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
4 7 (0.17%) Sentinel
5 6 (0.14%) Unit4 Business World
6 5 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
6 5 (0.12%) Magento
7 4 (0.096%) BusinessWorks
7 4 (0.096%) SAP FI-CA
7 4 (0.096%) SAP PSCD
7 4 (0.096%) Summit
8 2 (0.048%) Dynamics AX
8 2 (0.048%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.048%) Oracle Financials
8 2 (0.048%) SAP Hybris
8 2 (0.048%) Scribe Insight
9 1 (0.024%) Oracle Payables
9 1 (0.024%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 1 (0.024%) Oracle Receivables
9 1 (0.024%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 1,308 (31.55%) Amazon AWS
2 982 (23.69%) Microsoft Azure
3 340 (8.20%) GitHub
4 277 (6.68%) Google Cloud Platform
5 265 (6.39%) Amazon EC2
6 238 (5.74%) PaaS
7 197 (4.75%) Serverless
8 173 (4.17%) AWS CloudFormation
9 164 (3.96%) IaaS
10 154 (3.71%) OpenShift
11 148 (3.57%) Amazon S3
12 137 (3.30%) AWS Lambda
13 131 (3.16%) SaaS
14 108 (2.60%) Cloud Computing
15 100 (2.41%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 96 (2.32%) Amazon SQS
17 75 (1.81%) Google App Engine
18 65 (1.57%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 53 (1.28%) Dynamics 365
20 45 (1.09%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 354 (8.54%) HTTP
2 215 (5.19%) TCP/IP
3 207 (4.99%) SSL
4 153 (3.69%) DNS
5 128 (3.09%) FTP
6 115 (2.77%) IPsec
7 114 (2.75%) DHCP
8 60 (1.45%) Internet
9 42 (1.01%) Firewall
10 22 (0.53%) Kerberos
11 16 (0.39%) VPN
12 13 (0.31%) DSL
12 13 (0.31%) MQTT
13 11 (0.27%) Network Security
14 9 (0.22%) Reverse Proxy
15 8 (0.19%) Broadband
15 8 (0.19%) Skype
16 7 (0.17%) HTTPS
16 7 (0.17%) Wireless
17 6 (0.14%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 452 (10.90%) SQL Server
2 418 (10.08%) NoSQL
3 327 (7.89%) Relational Database
4 315 (7.60%) PostgreSQL
5 300 (7.24%) MongoDB
6 284 (6.85%) Big Data
7 272 (6.56%) MySQL
8 201 (4.85%) Hadoop
9 135 (3.26%) Amazon RDS
10 117 (2.82%) RDBMS
11 111 (2.68%) Apache Cassandra
12 102 (2.46%) Amazon Redshift
13 77 (1.86%) HBase
14 75 (1.81%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 74 (1.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 74 (1.78%) Redis
16 67 (1.62%) Data Warehouse
17 64 (1.54%) Data Lake
18 61 (1.47%) Parquet
19 59 (1.42%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 1,729 (41.70%) Jenkins
2 1,319 (31.81%) Git (software)
3 612 (14.76%) JIRA
4 467 (11.26%) Selenium
5 432 (10.42%) Maven
6 364 (8.78%) Cucumber
7 297 (7.16%) JUnit
8 283 (6.83%) TeamCity
9 224 (5.40%) Subversion
10 204 (4.92%) Visual Studio Team System
11 201 (4.85%) Visual Studio
12 171 (4.12%) Team Foundation Server
13 168 (4.05%) Mockito
14 165 (3.98%) SonarQube
15 159 (3.84%) Bitbucket
16 145 (3.50%) GitLab
17 144 (3.47%) Travis CI
18 132 (3.18%) Sonatype Nexus
19 130 (3.14%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 124 (2.99%) WebDriver
General
1 637 (15.36%) Finance
2 303 (7.31%) Banking
3 146 (3.52%) Retail
4 82 (1.98%) Front Office
5 79 (1.91%) Financial Institution
5 79 (1.91%) Telecoms
6 67 (1.62%) Marketing
7 65 (1.57%) Games
8 61 (1.47%) Manufacturing
9 60 (1.45%) Investment Banking
10 50 (1.21%) Electronics
11 43 (1.04%) Back Office
12 40 (0.96%) Legal
13 32 (0.77%) Law
14 19 (0.46%) Publishing
15 17 (0.41%) Billing
16 13 (0.31%) Advertising
17 12 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
18 8 (0.19%) Online Betting
19 6 (0.14%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 1,895 (45.71%) Developer
2 660 (15.92%) DevOps Engineer
3 547 (13.19%) Java Developer
4 306 (7.38%) Architect
5 258 (6.22%) Senior Developer
6 252 (6.08%) .NET Developer
7 235 (5.67%) C# Developer
8 229 (5.52%) Tester
9 161 (3.88%) Full Stack Developer
10 159 (3.84%) Automation Tester
11 119 (2.87%) AWS Engineer
12 108 (2.60%) C# .NET Developer
12 108 (2.60%) JavaScript Developer
12 108 (2.60%) React Developer
13 107 (2.58%) Python Developer
14 106 (2.56%) Angular Developer
14 106 (2.56%) AWS Developer
15 105 (2.53%) Cloud Engineer
16 100 (2.41%) Agile Developer
17 99 (2.39%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 787 (18.98%) .NET
2 668 (16.11%) Web Services
3 583 (14.06%) CSS
4 579 (13.97%) HTML
5 577 (13.92%) REST
6 517 (12.47%) AngularJS
7 510 (12.30%) Spring
8 502 (12.11%) RESTful
9 445 (10.73%) JSON
10 441 (10.64%) Node.js
11 296 (7.14%) React
12 283 (6.83%) SOAP
13 274 (6.61%) HTML5
14 268 (6.46%) ASP.NET
15 258 (6.22%) J2EE
16 253 (6.10%) Kafka
17 242 (5.84%) XML
18 207 (4.99%) ASP.NET Web API
19 195 (4.70%) jQuery
20 179 (4.32%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 302 (7.28%) Analytical Skills
2 207 (4.99%) Greenfield Project
3 185 (4.46%) User Experience
4 109 (2.63%) Mobile App
5 99 (2.39%) Public Cloud
6 91 (2.19%) Algorithms
7 90 (2.17%) Linux Command Line
7 90 (2.17%) Self-Motivation
8 87 (2.10%) Enterprise Software
8 87 (2.10%) Fintech
9 77 (1.86%) Data Structures
10 75 (1.81%) Fixed Income
11 72 (1.74%) Hedge funds
12 70 (1.69%) Virtual Team
13 53 (1.28%) Derivative
14 48 (1.16%) Cloud Native
15 46 (1.11%) Management Information System
16 42 (1.01%) Private Cloud
17 34 (0.82%) Hybrid Cloud
18 31 (0.75%) OTC Derivatives
Operating Systems
1 1,110 (26.77%) Linux
2 346 (8.35%) Unix
3 345 (8.32%) Windows
4 124 (2.99%) Android
5 102 (2.46%) Apple iOS
6 97 (2.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 65 (1.57%) Ubuntu
8 58 (1.40%) Windows Server
9 56 (1.35%) Mac OS X
10 43 (1.04%) CentOS
11 14 (0.34%) VMS
12 12 (0.29%) Mac OS
13 11 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
13 11 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
14 8 (0.19%) Debian
15 7 (0.17%) AIX
16 5 (0.12%) CoreOS
16 5 (0.12%) DC/OS
16 5 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
16 5 (0.12%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,815 (67.90%) Agile Software Development
2 1,680 (40.52%) DevOps
3 1,527 (36.83%) TDD
4 1,357 (32.73%) Test Automation
5 1,144 (27.59%) Scrum
6 851 (20.53%) Continuous Delivery
7 783 (18.89%) Microservices
8 757 (18.26%) BDD
9 631 (15.22%) Configuration Management
10 578 (13.94%) Kanban
11 565 (13.63%) Continuous Deployment
12 558 (13.46%) Open Source
13 454 (10.95%) Software Engineering
14 426 (10.27%) OO
15 402 (9.70%) Problem-Solving
16 394 (9.50%) MVC
17 384 (9.26%) Deployment Automation
18 340 (8.20%) Unit Testing
19 280 (6.75%) Pair Programming
20 275 (6.63%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 1,648 (39.75%) Java
2 973 (23.47%) JavaScript
3 853 (20.57%) Python
4 817 (19.71%) SQL
5 801 (19.32%) C#
6 381 (9.19%) Ruby
7 285 (6.87%) Bash Shell
8 239 (5.76%) Scala
9 207 (4.99%) PowerShell
10 197 (4.75%) Java 8
11 191 (4.61%) Shell Script
12 159 (3.84%) Perl
13 143 (3.45%) Groovy
14 113 (2.73%) TypeScript
15 100 (2.41%) PHP
16 96 (2.32%) Go
17 82 (1.98%) C++
18 65 (1.57%) PL/SQL
19 61 (1.47%) T-SQL
20 56 (1.35%) C
Qualifications
1 351 (8.47%) Security Cleared
2 260 (6.27%) SC Cleared
3 228 (5.50%) Degree
4 124 (2.99%) BPSS Clearance
5 61 (1.47%) ISTQB
6 49 (1.18%) Computer Science Degree
7 38 (0.92%) ISEB
8 32 (0.77%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 31 (0.75%) Numerate Degree
10 26 (0.63%) AWS Certification
11 23 (0.55%) CTC Cleared
12 20 (0.48%) CISSP
13 18 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
14 17 (0.41%) MCSE
15 16 (0.39%) DBS Check
16 13 (0.31%) Master's Degree
17 10 (0.24%) DV Cleared
17 10 (0.24%) Sun Certification
18 9 (0.22%) (ISC)2 CCSP
18 9 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 282 (6.80%) QA
2 41 (0.99%) Data Quality
3 24 (0.58%) Disclosure Scotland
4 17 (0.41%) SLA
5 15 (0.36%) GDPR
6 12 (0.29%) WCAG
7 10 (0.24%) PCI DSS
8 8 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 8 (0.19%) PSD2
8 8 (0.19%) SEPA
9 4 (0.096%) COBIT
9 4 (0.096%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 4 (0.096%) Solvency II
10 3 (0.072%) MiFID
11 2 (0.048%) HL7
11 2 (0.048%) MISRA
11 2 (0.048%) PMO
12 1 (0.024%) HIPAA
12 1 (0.024%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 785 (18.93%) Docker
2 144 (3.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 132 (3.18%) Virtual Machines
4 82 (1.98%) HDFS
5 72 (1.74%) Active Directory
6 66 (1.59%) Xen
7 52 (1.25%) vSphere
8 48 (1.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 21 (0.51%) vCloud
10 12 (0.29%) Hyper-V
10 12 (0.29%) VirtualBox
11 10 (0.24%) Apache Flume
12 9 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
13 7 (0.17%) KVM
13 7 (0.17%) OpenAM
13 7 (0.17%) OpenDJ
13 7 (0.17%) Postfix
14 6 (0.14%) Firmware
14 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 5 (0.12%) NDS
Systems Management
1 741 (17.87%) Ansible
2 690 (16.64%) Puppet
3 605 (14.59%) Kubernetes
4 478 (11.53%) Opscode Chef
5 386 (9.31%) Terraform
6 93 (2.24%) Kibana
7 56 (1.35%) Grafana
8 50 (1.21%) logstash
9 46 (1.11%) Hadoop YARN
9 46 (1.11%) Nagios
10 45 (1.09%) Docker Swarm
11 40 (0.96%) Packer
12 28 (0.68%) Salt
13 27 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
14 26 (0.63%) Control-M
15 25 (0.60%) Mesos
15 25 (0.60%) ZABBIX
16 23 (0.55%) Consul
16 23 (0.55%) Rancher
17 22 (0.53%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 523 (12.61%) Microsoft
2 341 (8.22%) Oracle
3 338 (8.15%) Google
4 177 (4.27%) VMware
5 126 (3.04%) Red Hat
6 124 (2.99%) Atlassian
7 98 (2.36%) Splunk
8 69 (1.66%) SAP
9 63 (1.52%) New Relic
10 56 (1.35%) IBM
11 49 (1.18%) AppDynamics
12 43 (1.04%) Greenplum
12 43 (1.04%) HP
13 40 (0.96%) Adobe
14 33 (0.80%) Pega
15 31 (0.75%) Dynatrace
15 31 (0.75%) Telerik
16 30 (0.72%) Salesforce.com
16 30 (0.72%) ServiceNow
17 29 (0.70%) Cadence