Period
to 18 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 18 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
18 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 39 46 59
Rank change year-on-year +7 +13 +8
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 4,827 3,843 3,284
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.26% 4.35% 3.31%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.21% 5.18% 3.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,465 2,630 2,320
England median daily rate £500 £476 £469
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.15% +1.44% +4.17%
10th Percentile £360 £349 £325
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 51 27 32
England median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 £46.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.65% -8.11% +23.33%
10th Percentile £37.50 £35.80 £34.95
90th Percentile £67.25 £49.25 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £49.75 £42.50 £46.25
% change year-on-year +17.06% -8.11% +15.63%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 77,762 74,154 82,254
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.79% 84.02% 82.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,406 49,441 54,289
England median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +4.29%
10th Percentile £294 £269 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £605
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,865 2,035 2,438
England median hourly rate £24.09 £25.00 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.64% +6.38% +17.50%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.36 £11.36
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.35 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £25.00 £24.23
% change year-on-year -4.00% +3.18% +21.15%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 18 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 18 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 18 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +8 2,746 £525 +2.44% 565
South East +12 841 £475 +8.57% 200
North of England +6 493 £425 - 219
Midlands +9 333 £463 +5.23% 122
East of England -5 248 £450 - 98
West Midlands +7 239 £475 +7.95% 64
Yorkshire +4 211 £425 +0.59% 81
North West +10 208 £465 +9.41% 125
South West +22 186 £475 +13.10% 101
East Midlands -9 89 £400 -5.88% 58
North East +16 88 £450 +2.74% 13
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 18 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3,246 (67.25%) Agile Software Development
2 2,013 (41.70%) Java
3 1,998 (41.39%) TDD
4 1,921 (39.80%) Jenkins
5 1,905 (39.47%) DevOps
6 1,602 (33.19%) Git (software)
7 1,516 (31.41%) Scrum
8 1,474 (30.54%) Test Automation
9 1,303 (26.99%) JavaScript
10 1,283 (26.58%) Amazon AWS
11 1,184 (24.53%) Linux
12 1,152 (23.87%) BDD
13 1,039 (21.52%) Web Services
14 1,003 (20.78%) Continuous Delivery
15 996 (20.63%) Python
16 953 (19.74%) Docker
17 890 (18.44%) Finance
18 884 (18.31%) C#
19 878 (18.19%) Ansible
20 850 (17.61%) Puppet
21 835 (17.30%) HTML
22 801 (16.59%) SQL
23 786 (16.28%) .NET
24 782 (16.20%) CSS
25 767 (15.89%) Microservices
26 745 (15.43%) Kanban
27 715 (14.81%) JIRA
28 711 (14.73%) Microsoft Azure
29 710 (14.71%) REST
30 707 (14.65%) Configuration Management

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 438 (9.07%) Confluence
2 305 (6.32%) Tomcat
3 238 (4.93%) Apache
4 216 (4.47%) Elasticsearch
5 207 (4.29%) WebSphere
6 173 (3.58%) OpenStack
7 145 (3.00%) WebLogic
8 143 (2.96%) Apache Spark
8 143 (2.96%) nginx
9 98 (2.03%) JBoss
10 86 (1.78%) Cloud Foundry
11 74 (1.53%) IIS
12 69 (1.43%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 64 (1.33%) CMS
14 60 (1.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 42 (0.87%) Apache Solr
16 32 (0.66%) Mule
16 32 (0.66%) NServiceBus
17 31 (0.64%) SharePoint
18 30 (0.62%) Jetty
Applications
1 29 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.23%) HipChat
2 11 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
4 6 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 6 (0.12%) Photoshop
5 5 (0.10%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.062%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.062%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.041%) GIMP
8 1 (0.021%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.021%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.021%) Fireworks
8 1 (0.021%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.021%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 43 (0.89%) Payment Gateway
2 18 (0.37%) Magento
3 17 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
4 14 (0.29%) ION MarketView
5 8 (0.17%) Bloomberg TOMS
5 8 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
6 5 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
6 5 (0.10%) SDL Web 8
6 5 (0.10%) WebTrends
7 3 (0.062%) MetaTrader
7 3 (0.062%) Oracle Applications
7 3 (0.062%) SAP S/4HANA
7 3 (0.062%) Summit
8 2 (0.041%) SAP HCM
9 1 (0.021%) iTrent
9 1 (0.021%) Markit EDM
9 1 (0.021%) Odoo
9 1 (0.021%) Oracle ERP
9 1 (0.021%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,283 (26.58%) Amazon AWS
2 711 (14.73%) Microsoft Azure
3 260 (5.39%) GitHub
4 213 (4.41%) PaaS
5 199 (4.12%) Amazon EC2
6 155 (3.21%) AWS CloudFormation
6 155 (3.21%) IaaS
7 133 (2.76%) Amazon S3
8 118 (2.44%) Serverless
9 111 (2.30%) npm
10 104 (2.15%) AWS Lambda
11 90 (1.86%) OpenShift
12 89 (1.84%) Google Cloud Platform
13 77 (1.60%) SaaS
14 76 (1.57%) Cloud Computing
15 66 (1.37%) Slack
16 65 (1.35%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 55 (1.14%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 43 (0.89%) Route 53
19 34 (0.70%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 306 (6.34%) HTTP
2 192 (3.98%) TCP/IP
3 135 (2.80%) SSL
4 126 (2.61%) Firewall
5 94 (1.95%) Internet
6 86 (1.78%) DNS
7 52 (1.08%) Kerberos
8 48 (0.99%) Network Security
8 48 (0.99%) VPN
9 38 (0.79%) DHCP
10 28 (0.58%) FTP
11 27 (0.56%) IPsec
12 25 (0.52%) SMS
13 13 (0.27%) OpenVPN
14 12 (0.25%) OpenLDAP
14 12 (0.25%) SSH
15 10 (0.21%) Wireless
16 7 (0.15%) HTTPS
16 7 (0.15%) LAN
16 7 (0.15%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 600 (12.43%) NoSQL
2 549 (11.37%) SQL Server
3 376 (7.79%) MongoDB
4 368 (7.62%) Relational Database
5 362 (7.50%) MySQL
6 358 (7.42%) PostgreSQL
7 239 (4.95%) Big Data
8 215 (4.45%) Hadoop
9 157 (3.25%) Apache Cassandra
10 149 (3.09%) RDBMS
11 107 (2.22%) Redis
12 84 (1.74%) Data Warehouse
13 79 (1.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 76 (1.57%) HBase
15 74 (1.53%) Oracle Database
16 73 (1.51%) Amazon RDS
17 62 (1.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 52 (1.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 47 (0.97%) SQL Server 2012
20 45 (0.93%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 1,921 (39.80%) Jenkins
2 1,602 (33.19%) Git (software)
3 715 (14.81%) JIRA
4 539 (11.17%) TeamCity
5 536 (11.10%) Maven
6 518 (10.73%) Selenium
7 370 (7.67%) Cucumber
8 357 (7.40%) JUnit
9 350 (7.25%) Subversion
10 226 (4.68%) NUnit
10 226 (4.68%) Team Foundation Server
11 225 (4.66%) Mockito
12 220 (4.56%) Sonatype Nexus
13 216 (4.47%) SonarQube
14 207 (4.29%) Gradle
15 200 (4.14%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 199 (4.12%) Octopus Deploy
17 193 (4.00%) Bitbucket
18 172 (3.56%) Visual Studio
19 143 (2.96%) WebDriver
General
1 890 (18.44%) Finance
2 501 (10.38%) Banking
3 145 (3.00%) Retail
4 119 (2.47%) Games
5 94 (1.95%) Investment Banking
6 83 (1.72%) Front Office
7 81 (1.68%) Telecoms
8 64 (1.33%) Marketing
9 56 (1.16%) Publishing
9 56 (1.16%) Retail Banking
10 50 (1.04%) Manufacturing
11 43 (0.89%) Back Office
12 33 (0.68%) Financial Institution
13 32 (0.66%) Law
14 27 (0.56%) Advertising
15 26 (0.54%) Electronics
16 23 (0.48%) Legal
17 19 (0.39%) Multimedia
18 10 (0.21%) Automotive
19 9 (0.19%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 2,391 (49.53%) Developer
2 887 (18.38%) DevOps Engineer
3 785 (16.26%) Java Developer
4 437 (9.05%) Senior Developer
5 333 (6.90%) .NET Developer
6 276 (5.72%) C# Developer
7 233 (4.83%) AWS Engineer
8 221 (4.58%) AWS DevOps
9 217 (4.50%) Architect
10 212 (4.39%) Agile Developer
11 204 (4.23%) Full Stack Developer
12 195 (4.04%) JavaScript Developer
13 185 (3.83%) Senior DevOps
14 183 (3.79%) Senior Java Developer
15 165 (3.42%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 165 (3.42%) C# .NET Developer
16 158 (3.27%) Senior DevOps Engineer
17 154 (3.19%) Tester
18 145 (3.00%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 129 (2.67%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,039 (21.52%) Web Services
2 835 (17.30%) HTML
3 786 (16.28%) .NET
4 782 (16.20%) CSS
5 710 (14.71%) REST
6 669 (13.86%) RESTful
7 644 (13.34%) Spring
8 642 (13.30%) AngularJS
9 525 (10.88%) Node.js
10 469 (9.72%) HTML5
11 431 (8.93%) React
12 360 (7.46%) JSON
13 340 (7.04%) SOAP
14 338 (7.00%) ASP.NET
15 305 (6.32%) jQuery
16 295 (6.11%) CSS3
17 284 (5.88%) .NET Framework
18 230 (4.76%) ASP.NET Web API
19 228 (4.72%) Spring Boot
20 227 (4.70%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 219 (4.54%) Greenfield Project
2 216 (4.47%) Mobile App
3 200 (4.14%) User Experience
4 197 (4.08%) Analytical Skills
5 160 (3.31%) Computer Science
6 153 (3.17%) Enterprise Software
7 137 (2.84%) Fintech
8 127 (2.63%) Public Cloud
9 100 (2.07%) Algorithms
10 85 (1.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 84 (1.74%) Virtual Team
12 81 (1.68%) Clustering
13 78 (1.62%) Data Structures
14 73 (1.51%) Linux Command Line
15 59 (1.22%) iPad
15 59 (1.22%) N-Tier
16 54 (1.12%) Data Centre
17 42 (0.87%) Online Banking
18 41 (0.85%) Hybrid Cloud
19 34 (0.70%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 1,184 (24.53%) Linux
2 472 (9.78%) Unix
3 469 (9.72%) Windows
4 187 (3.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 175 (3.63%) Android
6 140 (2.90%) Apple iOS
7 116 (2.40%) CentOS
8 91 (1.89%) Windows Server
9 76 (1.57%) Mac OS X
10 56 (1.16%) Ubuntu
11 29 (0.60%) CoreOS
12 25 (0.52%) Solaris
13 15 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
14 14 (0.29%) VMS
15 9 (0.19%) AIX
15 9 (0.19%) Debian
15 9 (0.19%) Nucleus RTOS
16 8 (0.17%) Mac OS
17 7 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
18 6 (0.12%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,246 (67.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,998 (41.39%) TDD
3 1,905 (39.47%) DevOps
4 1,516 (31.41%) Scrum
5 1,474 (30.54%) Test Automation
6 1,152 (23.87%) BDD
7 1,003 (20.78%) Continuous Delivery
8 767 (15.89%) Microservices
9 745 (15.43%) Kanban
10 707 (14.65%) Configuration Management
11 587 (12.16%) MVC
12 579 (12.00%) Software Engineering
13 536 (11.10%) Open Source
14 509 (10.54%) OO
15 468 (9.70%) Unit Testing
16 456 (9.45%) Continuous Deployment
17 445 (9.22%) Mentoring
18 438 (9.07%) Pair Programming
19 394 (8.16%) User Stories
20 377 (7.81%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 2,013 (41.70%) Java
2 1,303 (26.99%) JavaScript
3 996 (20.63%) Python
4 884 (18.31%) C#
5 801 (16.59%) SQL
6 555 (11.50%) Ruby
7 381 (7.89%) Bash Shell
8 294 (6.09%) PowerShell
9 262 (5.43%) Scala
10 224 (4.64%) Groovy
11 190 (3.94%) Shell Script
12 173 (3.58%) Perl
13 154 (3.19%) ES6
14 128 (2.65%) C++
15 121 (2.51%) PHP
16 117 (2.42%) TypeScript
17 115 (2.38%) Go
18 93 (1.93%) C
19 85 (1.76%) PL/SQL
20 79 (1.64%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 393 (8.14%) Security Cleared
2 282 (5.84%) Degree
3 277 (5.74%) SC Cleared
4 86 (1.78%) Computer Science Degree
5 45 (0.93%) ISTQB
6 37 (0.77%) DV Cleared
7 36 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
8 31 (0.64%) ISEB
9 28 (0.58%) Numerate Degree
10 22 (0.46%) PMI Certification
10 22 (0.46%) PMP
11 18 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 15 (0.31%) AWS Certification
13 11 (0.23%) CTC Cleared
13 11 (0.23%) Master's Degree
14 9 (0.19%) CISM
15 8 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
16 6 (0.12%) ISEB Practitioner
16 6 (0.12%) PhD
17 5 (0.10%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 392 (8.12%) QA
2 29 (0.60%) Disclosure Scotland
3 27 (0.56%) WCAG
4 21 (0.44%) GCP
5 17 (0.35%) PCI DSS
6 14 (0.29%) Data Quality
6 14 (0.29%) MiFID
7 10 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 10 (0.21%) PMO
8 7 (0.15%) GDPR
8 7 (0.15%) SLA
9 3 (0.062%) SEPA
10 2 (0.041%) EMIR
10 2 (0.041%) RosettaNet
10 2 (0.041%) WAI
11 1 (0.021%) NIST 800
11 1 (0.021%) PSD2
11 1 (0.021%) Solvency II
System Software
1 953 (19.74%) Docker
2 96 (1.99%) VMware Infrastructure
3 68 (1.41%) Active Directory
4 65 (1.35%) Virtual Machines
5 61 (1.26%) HDFS
6 59 (1.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 53 (1.10%) vCloud
8 36 (0.75%) vSphere
9 27 (0.56%) Xen
10 17 (0.35%) Virtual Servers
11 14 (0.29%) Hyper-V
12 13 (0.27%) Postfix
12 13 (0.27%) Squid
13 12 (0.25%) Varnish
14 11 (0.23%) Apache Flume
15 9 (0.19%) etcd
16 7 (0.15%) Microsoft Virtual Server
17 6 (0.12%) Gluster
17 6 (0.12%) oVirt
17 6 (0.12%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 878 (18.19%) Ansible
2 850 (17.61%) Puppet
3 589 (12.20%) Opscode Chef
4 397 (8.22%) Kubernetes
5 385 (7.98%) Terraform
6 165 (3.42%) Kibana
7 164 (3.40%) logstash
8 118 (2.44%) Grafana
9 73 (1.51%) Salt
10 63 (1.31%) Nagios
11 56 (1.16%) Hadoop YARN
12 51 (1.06%) Mesos
13 45 (0.93%) Packer
14 44 (0.91%) Rancher
15 39 (0.81%) Docker Swarm
16 33 (0.68%) ZABBIX
17 32 (0.66%) HAProxy
18 30 (0.62%) HP Quality Center
19 29 (0.60%) Prometheus
20 23 (0.48%) Nessus
Vendors
1 530 (10.98%) Oracle
2 380 (7.87%) Microsoft
3 200 (4.14%) Splunk
4 178 (3.69%) Google
5 158 (3.27%) VMware
6 137 (2.84%) AppDynamics
7 134 (2.78%) Atlassian
8 133 (2.76%) Red Hat
9 87 (1.80%) New Relic
10 83 (1.72%) IBM
11 78 (1.62%) Adobe
12 63 (1.31%) Salesforce.com
13 59 (1.22%) SAP
14 44 (0.91%) Hortonworks
15 39 (0.81%) HP
16 37 (0.77%) MuleSoft
17 35 (0.73%) SaltStack
18 32 (0.66%) Coverity
19 29 (0.60%) Twitter
20 28 (0.58%) Xamarin