Period
to 14 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 14 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
14 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 42 43 48
Rank change year-on-year +1 +5 +19
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 5,018 4,235 4,105
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.37% 4.81% 4.07%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.22% 5.61% 4.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,510 2,951 2,932
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +11.76%
10th Percentile £363 £338 £338
90th Percentile £638 £613 £620
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 55 23
England median hourly rate £37.50 £47.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.05% +26.67% -0.40%
10th Percentile £31.80 £35.00 £27.40
90th Percentile £65.99 £63.75 £47.20
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year -26.32% +26.67% -0.79%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80,659 75,516 85,810
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.31% 85.72% 84.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 53,744 49,807 57,234
England median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +4.29%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £606
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,192 1,886 2,048
England median hourly rate £21.50 £23.50 £23.56
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.51% -0.24% +8.86%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.72
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £47.91
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £24.58 £23.88
% change year-on-year -14.56% +2.95% +9.77%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 14 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 2,729 £525 +5.00% 548
South East -3 762 £475 +7.65% 204
North of England -1 691 £445 +4.71% 233
Midlands +26 380 £450 +5.88% 125
North West +8 319 £445 +4.71% 135
West Midlands +35 298 £463 -4.44% 74
Yorkshire -7 284 £450 +5.88% 78
East of England -10 239 £500 +5.93% 109
South West +8 213 £425 +6.25% 96
North East -5 90 £444 -1.39% 20
East Midlands -16 79 £395 +5.33% 51
South Coast - 2 - -
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 14 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3,396 (67.68%) Agile Software Development
2 2,092 (41.69%) Jenkins
3 2,015 (40.16%) Java
4 1,960 (39.06%) TDD
5 1,843 (36.73%) DevOps
6 1,706 (34.00%) Git (software)
7 1,441 (28.72%) Scrum
8 1,440 (28.70%) Amazon AWS
9 1,406 (28.02%) Test Automation
10 1,355 (27.00%) Linux
11 1,343 (26.76%) JavaScript
12 1,102 (21.96%) Python
13 1,054 (21.00%) Docker
14 989 (19.71%) BDD
15 960 (19.13%) Ansible
16 926 (18.45%) Microsoft Azure
17 898 (17.90%) Puppet
18 883 (17.60%) Web Services
19 879 (17.52%) SQL
20 828 (16.50%) C#
21 799 (15.92%) Microservices
22 791 (15.76%) REST
22 791 (15.76%) HTML
23 789 (15.72%) .NET
24 784 (15.62%) CSS
24 784 (15.62%) Finance
25 776 (15.46%) Continuous Delivery
26 763 (15.21%) JIRA
27 739 (14.73%) Configuration Management
28 719 (14.33%) Kanban

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 407 (8.11%) Confluence
2 279 (5.56%) Tomcat
3 247 (4.92%) Apache
4 233 (4.64%) Elasticsearch
5 199 (3.97%) WebSphere
6 179 (3.57%) nginx
7 176 (3.51%) OpenStack
8 164 (3.27%) WebLogic
9 154 (3.07%) Apache Spark
10 104 (2.07%) JBoss
11 92 (1.83%) IIS
12 81 (1.61%) CMS
13 55 (1.10%) Cloud Foundry
14 49 (0.98%) Jetty
15 43 (0.86%) NServiceBus
16 37 (0.74%) Apache Solr
17 35 (0.70%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 32 (0.64%) Mongrel
19 25 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 25 (0.50%) SharePoint
Applications
1 65 (1.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 38 (0.76%) MS Visio
3 20 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
4 19 (0.38%) Photoshop
5 10 (0.20%) Fireworks
6 7 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
7 6 (0.12%) Chatbot
7 6 (0.12%) GIMP
7 6 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
8 4 (0.080%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 3 (0.060%) Adobe Illustrator
9 3 (0.060%) HipChat
9 3 (0.060%) InVision
9 3 (0.060%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 27 (0.54%) Dynamics CRM
2 19 (0.38%) thinkFolio
3 16 (0.32%) Eagle PACE
4 14 (0.28%) Front Arena
5 13 (0.26%) Magento
5 13 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
6 10 (0.20%) ION MarketView
7 8 (0.16%) Bloomberg AIM
8 7 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
9 6 (0.12%) Markit EDM
10 5 (0.100%) Oracle ERP
10 5 (0.100%) SAP S/4HANA
10 5 (0.100%) Summit
11 3 (0.060%) Dynamics AX
11 3 (0.060%) LatentZero
11 3 (0.060%) SAP Hybris
12 2 (0.040%) Dynamics NAV
12 2 (0.040%) Global One
13 1 (0.020%) RMDS
13 1 (0.020%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 1,440 (28.70%) Amazon AWS
2 926 (18.45%) Microsoft Azure
3 358 (7.13%) GitHub
4 223 (4.44%) Amazon EC2
5 215 (4.28%) Google Cloud Platform
6 199 (3.97%) PaaS
7 141 (2.81%) AWS CloudFormation
8 127 (2.53%) Amazon S3
9 120 (2.39%) SaaS
10 117 (2.33%) Serverless
11 115 (2.29%) IaaS
12 114 (2.27%) OpenShift
13 89 (1.77%) Cloud Computing
14 83 (1.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 79 (1.57%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 73 (1.45%) npm
17 68 (1.36%) AWS Lambda
18 38 (0.76%) BrowserStack
18 38 (0.76%) Slack
19 36 (0.72%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 327 (6.52%) HTTP
2 210 (4.18%) TCP/IP
3 189 (3.77%) SSL
4 129 (2.57%) DNS
5 117 (2.33%) Firewall
6 75 (1.49%) Internet
7 65 (1.30%) DHCP
8 61 (1.22%) FTP
9 52 (1.04%) IPsec
10 48 (0.96%) VPN
11 38 (0.76%) Kerberos
12 34 (0.68%) Software-Defined Networking
13 30 (0.60%) SMS
14 27 (0.54%) Network Security
15 25 (0.50%) Reverse Proxy
16 16 (0.32%) HTTPS
17 14 (0.28%) SSH
18 13 (0.26%) SAN
19 11 (0.22%) Broadband
19 11 (0.22%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 580 (11.56%) NoSQL
2 500 (9.96%) SQL Server
3 462 (9.21%) PostgreSQL
4 406 (8.09%) Relational Database
5 396 (7.89%) MySQL
6 331 (6.60%) MongoDB
7 287 (5.72%) Big Data
8 218 (4.34%) Hadoop
9 130 (2.59%) Apache Cassandra
10 108 (2.15%) Redis
11 104 (2.07%) Data Warehouse
12 101 (2.01%) RDBMS
13 92 (1.83%) HBase
14 85 (1.69%) Apache Hive
15 75 (1.49%) Amazon RDS
16 62 (1.24%) Impala
17 54 (1.08%) Oracle Database
18 49 (0.98%) Cosmos DB
19 47 (0.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 46 (0.92%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 2,092 (41.69%) Jenkins
2 1,706 (34.00%) Git (software)
3 763 (15.21%) JIRA
4 544 (10.84%) Selenium
5 488 (9.72%) Maven
6 396 (7.89%) JUnit
7 364 (7.25%) TeamCity
8 362 (7.21%) Cucumber
9 334 (6.66%) Subversion
10 223 (4.44%) NUnit
11 209 (4.17%) Team Foundation Server
12 186 (3.71%) Mockito
12 186 (3.71%) Sonatype Nexus
13 181 (3.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 179 (3.57%) Gradle
15 178 (3.55%) Bitbucket
16 172 (3.43%) Visual Studio Team System
17 170 (3.39%) Visual Studio
18 160 (3.19%) Octopus Deploy
19 149 (2.97%) WebDriver
General
1 784 (15.62%) Finance
2 381 (7.59%) Banking
3 141 (2.81%) Retail
4 126 (2.51%) Front Office
5 94 (1.87%) Investment Banking
6 89 (1.77%) Games
7 67 (1.34%) Marketing
8 60 (1.20%) Telecoms
9 51 (1.02%) Back Office
10 33 (0.66%) Advertising
10 33 (0.66%) Manufacturing
11 32 (0.64%) Financial Institution
12 28 (0.56%) Legal
13 26 (0.52%) Electronics
14 21 (0.42%) Publishing
15 20 (0.40%) Retail Banking
16 19 (0.38%) Law
17 7 (0.14%) Corporate Banking
17 7 (0.14%) General Ledger
17 7 (0.14%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,547 (50.76%) Developer
2 826 (16.46%) DevOps Engineer
3 800 (15.94%) Java Developer
4 405 (8.07%) Senior Developer
5 350 (6.97%) .NET Developer
6 274 (5.46%) C# Developer
7 246 (4.90%) Architect
8 223 (4.44%) Python Developer
9 216 (4.30%) AWS DevOps
10 212 (4.22%) AWS Engineer
11 190 (3.79%) Full Stack Developer
12 178 (3.55%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 177 (3.53%) Senior Java Developer
14 175 (3.49%) Software Engineer
15 157 (3.13%) Agile Developer
16 156 (3.11%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 156 (3.11%) C# .NET Developer
17 155 (3.09%) Java Engineer
17 155 (3.09%) React Developer
18 152 (3.03%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 883 (17.60%) Web Services
2 791 (15.76%) HTML
2 791 (15.76%) REST
3 789 (15.72%) .NET
4 784 (15.62%) CSS
5 680 (13.55%) RESTful
6 651 (12.97%) Spring
7 624 (12.44%) AngularJS
8 475 (9.47%) Node.js
9 454 (9.05%) JSON
10 441 (8.79%) React
11 394 (7.85%) HTML5
12 360 (7.17%) SOAP
13 315 (6.28%) ASP.NET
14 308 (6.14%) XML
15 270 (5.38%) Spring Boot
16 269 (5.36%) jQuery
17 252 (5.02%) .NET Framework
17 252 (5.02%) CSS3
18 228 (4.54%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 305 (6.08%) User Experience
2 298 (5.94%) Greenfield Project
3 261 (5.20%) Analytical Skills
4 218 (4.34%) Mobile App
5 172 (3.43%) Computer Science
6 133 (2.65%) Enterprise Software
7 121 (2.41%) Algorithms
8 114 (2.27%) Self-Motivation
9 106 (2.11%) Public Cloud
10 86 (1.71%) Fixed Income
11 84 (1.67%) Data Structures
12 81 (1.61%) Fintech
12 81 (1.61%) Linux Command Line
13 60 (1.20%) Virtual Team
14 59 (1.18%) Wiki
15 53 (1.06%) Hedge funds
16 52 (1.04%) Private Cloud
17 50 (1.00%) Equities
18 49 (0.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 48 (0.96%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,355 (27.00%) Linux
2 516 (10.28%) Windows
3 366 (7.29%) Unix
4 224 (4.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 184 (3.67%) Apple iOS
6 175 (3.49%) Android
7 152 (3.03%) CentOS
8 123 (2.45%) Windows Server
9 108 (2.15%) Ubuntu
10 31 (0.62%) CoreOS
11 30 (0.60%) Windows Server 2008
12 26 (0.52%) VMS
13 25 (0.50%) Mac OS X
14 24 (0.48%) DC/OS
15 20 (0.40%) Solaris
16 17 (0.34%) Debian
17 11 (0.22%) Mac OS
17 11 (0.22%) Windows Server 2003
18 8 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
19 5 (0.100%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,396 (67.68%) Agile Software Development
2 1,960 (39.06%) TDD
3 1,843 (36.73%) DevOps
4 1,441 (28.72%) Scrum
5 1,406 (28.02%) Test Automation
6 989 (19.71%) BDD
7 799 (15.92%) Microservices
8 776 (15.46%) Continuous Delivery
9 739 (14.73%) Configuration Management
10 719 (14.33%) Kanban
11 608 (12.12%) Software Engineering
12 569 (11.34%) Open Source
13 555 (11.06%) OO
14 501 (9.98%) MVC
15 482 (9.61%) Problem-Solving
16 476 (9.49%) Pair Programming
17 467 (9.31%) Continuous Deployment
18 405 (8.07%) SDLC
19 404 (8.05%) Unit Testing
20 402 (8.01%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 2,015 (40.16%) Java
2 1,343 (26.76%) JavaScript
3 1,102 (21.96%) Python
4 879 (17.52%) SQL
5 828 (16.50%) C#
6 444 (8.85%) Ruby
7 363 (7.23%) Bash Shell
8 322 (6.42%) Java 8
9 307 (6.12%) Scala
10 263 (5.24%) Perl
11 234 (4.66%) PowerShell
12 204 (4.07%) Shell Script
13 199 (3.97%) Groovy
14 152 (3.03%) PHP
15 137 (2.73%) Go
16 119 (2.37%) C++
17 107 (2.13%) C
18 106 (2.11%) ES6
19 103 (2.05%) TypeScript
20 83 (1.65%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 461 (9.19%) Security Cleared
2 369 (7.35%) SC Cleared
3 286 (5.70%) Degree
4 77 (1.53%) BPSS Clearance
5 74 (1.47%) Computer Science Degree
6 73 (1.45%) ISTQB
7 49 (0.98%) AWS Certification
8 43 (0.86%) ISEB
9 31 (0.62%) DV Cleared
10 27 (0.54%) Master's Degree
11 23 (0.46%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 22 (0.44%) Numerate Degree
13 14 (0.28%) BC Cleared
14 12 (0.24%) PMP
15 10 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
15 10 (0.20%) Sun Certification
16 9 (0.18%) PMI Certification
17 8 (0.16%) CISSP
17 8 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
17 8 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 310 (6.18%) QA
2 51 (1.02%) GCP
3 30 (0.60%) GDPR
4 29 (0.58%) SLA
5 21 (0.42%) Data Quality
6 18 (0.36%) MiFID
7 17 (0.34%) PMO
8 11 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
8 11 (0.22%) WCAG
9 10 (0.20%) PCI DSS
10 6 (0.12%) HIPAA
10 6 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 5 (0.100%) EMIR
11 5 (0.100%) MISRA
12 4 (0.080%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 3 (0.060%) COBIT
13 3 (0.060%) Dodd-Frank
14 2 (0.040%) SEPA
14 2 (0.040%) WAI
15 1 (0.020%) IEC 61508
System Software
1 1,054 (21.00%) Docker
2 175 (3.49%) VMware Infrastructure
3 114 (2.27%) Virtual Machines
4 82 (1.63%) HDFS
5 74 (1.47%) Active Directory
6 55 (1.10%) vSphere
7 44 (0.88%) Hyper-V
8 43 (0.86%) Xen
9 42 (0.84%) VirtualBox
10 41 (0.82%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 19 (0.38%) vCloud
12 18 (0.36%) etcd
13 13 (0.26%) NFS
14 12 (0.24%) flannel
14 12 (0.24%) Squid
15 11 (0.22%) Apache Flume
15 11 (0.22%) Firmware
16 10 (0.20%) Postfix
16 10 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
17 9 (0.18%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 960 (19.13%) Ansible
2 898 (17.90%) Puppet
3 571 (11.38%) Opscode Chef
4 523 (10.42%) Kubernetes
5 483 (9.63%) Terraform
6 130 (2.59%) Kibana
7 92 (1.83%) Salt
8 85 (1.69%) logstash
9 76 (1.51%) Packer
10 74 (1.47%) Grafana
11 64 (1.28%) Hadoop YARN
12 61 (1.22%) Docker Swarm
13 51 (1.02%) HAProxy
14 45 (0.90%) Prometheus
15 44 (0.88%) Consul
16 43 (0.86%) Mesos
17 41 (0.82%) Nagios
18 29 (0.58%) ZABBIX
19 26 (0.52%) Sysdig
20 25 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 566 (11.28%) Oracle
2 400 (7.97%) Microsoft
3 323 (6.44%) Google
4 233 (4.64%) VMware
5 140 (2.79%) Atlassian
6 126 (2.51%) Red Hat
7 109 (2.17%) Splunk
8 93 (1.85%) Cloudera
9 72 (1.43%) Adobe
10 62 (1.24%) IBM
11 61 (1.22%) Hortonworks
12 59 (1.18%) New Relic
13 56 (1.12%) SaltStack
14 53 (1.06%) SAP
15 48 (0.96%) AppDynamics
16 46 (0.92%) Salesforce.com
17 36 (0.72%) HP
18 34 (0.68%) Charles River
19 33 (0.66%) Zend
20 32 (0.64%) Sitecore