Period
to 10 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 10 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
10 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 59 55 42
Rank change year-on-year -4 -13 +2
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 1,150 3,575 5,075
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.70% 4.27% 5.38%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.29% 4.91% 6.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 829 2,363 3,613
Median daily rate £520 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £374 £388 £363
90th Percentile £680 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £513 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +2.50% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 19 24
Median hourly rate £40.75 £35.00 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.43% -9.68% -18.42%
10th Percentile £35.00 £33.85 £32.20
90th Percentile £64.10 £52.00 £67.25
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £36.25
% change year-on-year - -3.45% -23.68%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 26,821 72,882 82,138
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.38% 87.15% 87.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,053 48,457 54,667
Median daily rate £488 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 936 2,030 2,219
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.00% +16.28% -9.47%
10th Percentile £12.75 £11.85 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.50 £21.29
% change year-on-year +42.86% +15.09% -13.83%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 10 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -10 591 £545 -0.91% 129
North of England +13 198 £500 +5.26% 84
South East -4 164 £495 +4.21% 41
Yorkshire +27 96 £525 +8.25% 22
South West +6 79 £539 +13.42% 51
North West -2 74 £415 -13.77% 56
Midlands -25 62 £432 -9.05% 40
East of England -12 43 £488 +8.33% 15
West Midlands -20 40 £475 - 24
North East +10 28 £495 +10.00% 6
East Midlands -6 21 £350 -26.70% 16
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 10 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 721 (62.70%) Agile Software Development
2 548 (47.65%) DevOps
3 471 (40.96%) Git (software)
4 447 (38.87%) Java
5 442 (38.43%) Jenkins
6 388 (33.74%) Test Automation
7 384 (33.39%) AWS
8 367 (31.91%) Azure
9 331 (28.78%) TDD
10 305 (26.52%) Python
11 301 (26.17%) Docker
12 293 (25.48%) JavaScript
13 289 (25.13%) Scrum
14 281 (24.43%) Continuous Delivery
15 255 (22.17%) Kubernetes
16 248 (21.57%) SQL
16 248 (21.57%) Linux
17 245 (21.30%) Microservices
18 218 (18.96%) Terraform
19 208 (18.09%) Security Cleared
20 203 (17.65%) Microsoft
21 202 (17.57%) Finance
22 183 (15.91%) Ansible
23 176 (15.30%) BDD
23 176 (15.30%) C#
24 174 (15.13%) JIRA
25 162 (14.09%) GitHub
26 161 (14.00%) HTML
27 160 (13.91%) RESTful
28 159 (13.83%) SC Cleared

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 93 (8.09%) Confluence
2 44 (3.83%) Apache Spark
3 39 (3.39%) Elasticsearch
4 38 (3.30%) Apache
5 26 (2.26%) Tomcat
6 25 (2.17%) WebLogic
7 21 (1.83%) Mule
8 20 (1.74%) JBoss
9 18 (1.57%) SharePoint
10 17 (1.48%) nginx
11 15 (1.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 14 (1.22%) IIS
13 13 (1.13%) WebSphere
14 12 (1.04%) CMS
15 11 (0.96%) Oracle Service Bus
16 10 (0.87%) AquaLogic
16 10 (0.87%) WebSphere Application Server
17 9 (0.78%) Cloud Foundry
17 9 (0.78%) Red Hat Fuse
18 8 (0.70%) OpenStack
Applications
1 11 (0.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.17%) Figma
2 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.17%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.087%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.087%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.087%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.087%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.087%) Sketch
3 1 (0.087%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 11 (0.96%) Dynamics CRM
1 11 (0.96%) Teamcenter
2 10 (0.87%) Oracle BPM
3 8 (0.70%) SAP FI-CA
4 4 (0.35%) Magento
5 2 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.17%) Shopify
6 1 (0.087%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.087%) Maximo
6 1 (0.087%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 1 (0.087%) SAP Business ByDesign
6 1 (0.087%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.087%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 384 (33.39%) AWS
2 367 (31.91%) Azure
3 162 (14.09%) GitHub
4 129 (11.22%) GCP
5 83 (7.22%) Amazon EC2
5 83 (7.22%) Serverless
6 80 (6.96%) Amazon S3
7 60 (5.22%) AWS Lambda
8 56 (4.87%) AWS CloudFormation
8 56 (4.87%) IaaS
8 56 (4.87%) PaaS
9 51 (4.43%) Power Platform
10 49 (4.26%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 40 (3.48%) SaaS
12 38 (3.30%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 31 (2.70%) Amazon SQS
13 31 (2.70%) Cloud Computing
14 29 (2.52%) OpenShift
15 23 (2.00%) Amazon EMR
16 21 (1.83%) AWS CloudTrail
Communications & Networking
1 83 (7.22%) HTTP
2 55 (4.78%) TCP/IP
3 52 (4.52%) Firewall
4 51 (4.43%) SSL
5 46 (4.00%) DNS
6 27 (2.35%) HTTPS
7 22 (1.91%) Reverse Proxy
8 15 (1.30%) VLAN
9 11 (0.96%) Skype
10 9 (0.78%) SNMP
10 9 (0.78%) VPN
11 7 (0.61%) DHCP
11 7 (0.61%) FTP
11 7 (0.61%) Internet
12 6 (0.52%) Kerberos
13 5 (0.43%) SAN
14 4 (0.35%) DSL
14 4 (0.35%) LAN
14 4 (0.35%) RTMP
14 4 (0.35%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 116 (10.09%) SQL Server
2 101 (8.78%) NoSQL
3 82 (7.13%) Relational Database
4 64 (5.57%) Big Data
5 56 (4.87%) PostgreSQL
6 51 (4.43%) MongoDB
7 47 (4.09%) Data Warehouse
8 44 (3.83%) Amazon RDS
8 44 (3.83%) Data Lake
9 38 (3.30%) Power BI
10 36 (3.13%) MySQL
11 35 (3.04%) Hadoop
11 35 (3.04%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 33 (2.87%) Oracle Database
12 33 (2.87%) RDBMS
13 21 (1.83%) Apache Hive
14 18 (1.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 18 (1.57%) Amazon Redshift
14 18 (1.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 16 (1.39%) HDInsight
Development Applications
1 471 (40.96%) Git (software)
2 442 (38.43%) Jenkins
3 174 (15.13%) JIRA
4 124 (10.78%) Selenium
5 117 (10.17%) Maven
6 111 (9.65%) JUnit
7 102 (8.87%) Cucumber
8 88 (7.65%) GitLab
9 86 (7.48%) TeamCity
10 68 (5.91%) Visual Studio
11 63 (5.48%) Subversion
12 59 (5.13%) Bitbucket
13 53 (4.61%) SonarQube
14 46 (4.00%) JMeter
15 45 (3.91%) Gradle
15 45 (3.91%) Sonatype Nexus
16 38 (3.30%) SoapUI
16 38 (3.30%) Team Foundation Server
17 32 (2.78%) Bitbucket Server
17 32 (2.78%) Mockito
General
1 202 (17.57%) Finance
2 87 (7.57%) Banking
3 83 (7.22%) Public Sector
4 46 (4.00%) Front Office
5 28 (2.43%) Investment Banking
6 20 (1.74%) Marketing
7 18 (1.57%) Legal
8 15 (1.30%) Telecoms
9 14 (1.22%) Manufacturing
10 10 (0.87%) Back Office
10 10 (0.87%) Retail
11 9 (0.78%) Electronics
11 9 (0.78%) Financial Institution
11 9 (0.78%) Games
12 8 (0.70%) Law
13 7 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
14 5 (0.43%) Retail Banking
15 4 (0.35%) Advertising
15 4 (0.35%) Billing
15 4 (0.35%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 458 (39.83%) Developer
2 180 (15.65%) DevOps Engineer
3 127 (11.04%) Java Developer
4 81 (7.04%) Architect
5 56 (4.87%) AWS Engineer
6 54 (4.70%) .NET Developer
7 52 (4.52%) Senior Developer
8 49 (4.26%) C# Developer
9 48 (4.17%) Azure Engineer
10 45 (3.91%) Data Engineer
10 45 (3.91%) Tester
11 43 (3.74%) Full Stack Developer
12 39 (3.39%) Senior DevOps
13 38 (3.30%) Cloud Engineer
13 38 (3.30%) Consultant
13 38 (3.30%) Software Engineer
14 37 (3.22%) Android Developer
15 35 (3.04%) AWS DevOps
15 35 (3.04%) JavaScript Developer
16 33 (2.87%) Azure DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 161 (14.00%) HTML
2 160 (13.91%) RESTful
3 151 (13.13%) Web Services
4 150 (13.04%) .NET
5 137 (11.91%) CSS
5 137 (11.91%) REST
6 135 (11.74%) Spring
7 128 (11.13%) Node.js
8 118 (10.26%) AngularJS
9 99 (8.61%) React
10 94 (8.17%) JSON
11 86 (7.48%) XML
12 81 (7.04%) SOAP
13 69 (6.00%) Kafka
14 68 (5.91%) HTML5
15 51 (4.43%) Spring Boot
16 48 (4.17%) Redux
17 45 (3.91%) .NET Framework
17 45 (3.91%) Jest
18 44 (3.83%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 77 (6.70%) User Experience
2 56 (4.87%) Analytical Skills
3 36 (3.13%) Mobile App
4 35 (3.04%) Cloud Native
5 34 (2.96%) Fixed Income
6 30 (2.61%) Linux Command Line
7 29 (2.52%) Greenfield Project
8 26 (2.26%) Virtual Team
9 24 (2.09%) Data Structures
9 24 (2.09%) Enterprise Software
9 24 (2.09%) Management Information System
9 24 (2.09%) Self-Motivation
10 15 (1.30%) Credit Risk
11 14 (1.22%) Private Cloud
12 13 (1.13%) Algorithms
12 13 (1.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 12 (1.04%) Animation
14 11 (0.96%) Clustering
15 10 (0.87%) Mobile Payment
15 10 (0.87%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 248 (21.57%) Linux
2 146 (12.70%) Windows
3 98 (8.52%) Unix
4 65 (5.65%) Android
5 41 (3.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 34 (2.96%) Windows Server
7 32 (2.78%) CentOS
8 25 (2.17%) Apple iOS
9 22 (1.91%) Windows Server 2016
10 16 (1.39%) Windows 10
11 11 (0.96%) Ubuntu
12 9 (0.78%) Solaris
13 7 (0.61%) Mac OS
13 7 (0.61%) Windows Server 2012
14 5 (0.43%) OpenVMS
14 5 (0.43%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 4 (0.35%) AIX
15 4 (0.35%) Mac OS X
15 4 (0.35%) VMS
16 3 (0.26%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 721 (62.70%) Agile Software Development
2 548 (47.65%) DevOps
3 388 (33.74%) Test Automation
4 331 (28.78%) TDD
5 289 (25.13%) Scrum
6 281 (24.43%) Continuous Delivery
7 245 (21.30%) Microservices
8 176 (15.30%) BDD
9 152 (13.22%) Configuration Management
10 150 (13.04%) Infrastructure as Code
11 141 (12.26%) Software Engineering
12 131 (11.39%) SDLC
13 124 (10.78%) Analytics
13 124 (10.78%) Open Source
14 123 (10.70%) Continuous Deployment
15 120 (10.43%) Kanban
16 109 (9.48%) Problem-Solving
17 103 (8.96%) Mentoring
18 98 (8.52%) Unit Testing
19 86 (7.48%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 447 (38.87%) Java
2 305 (26.52%) Python
3 293 (25.48%) JavaScript
4 248 (21.57%) SQL
5 176 (15.30%) C#
6 105 (9.13%) PowerShell
7 102 (8.87%) Bash Shell
8 69 (6.00%) TypeScript
9 63 (5.48%) Scala
10 53 (4.61%) Java 8
11 49 (4.26%) Ruby
12 44 (3.83%) Go
13 42 (3.65%) C++
14 41 (3.57%) Kotlin
15 37 (3.22%) C
16 35 (3.04%) Shell Script
17 32 (2.78%) Groovy
18 31 (2.70%) ES6
19 27 (2.35%) PL/SQL
20 25 (2.17%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 208 (18.09%) Security Cleared
2 159 (13.83%) SC Cleared
3 75 (6.52%) Degree
4 37 (3.22%) ISTQB
5 30 (2.61%) Computer Science Degree
6 29 (2.52%) BPSS Clearance
7 28 (2.43%) ISEB
8 26 (2.26%) DV Cleared
9 17 (1.48%) AWS Certification
10 8 (0.70%) Microsoft Certification
11 7 (0.61%) CISM
11 7 (0.61%) CISSP
11 7 (0.61%) DBS Check
11 7 (0.61%) ITIL Certification
12 6 (0.52%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 6 (0.52%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 5 (0.43%) CESG Certified Professional
13 5 (0.43%) CRISC
14 3 (0.26%) Master's Degree
15 2 (0.17%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 116 (10.09%) QA
2 7 (0.61%) GDPR
3 5 (0.43%) WCAG
4 3 (0.26%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.17%) MiFID
5 2 (0.17%) NIST
5 2 (0.17%) PMO
5 2 (0.17%) SLA
6 1 (0.087%) FedRAMP
6 1 (0.087%) FINREP
6 1 (0.087%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.087%) NIST 800
6 1 (0.087%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.087%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 301 (26.17%) Docker
2 40 (3.48%) VMware Infrastructure
3 27 (2.35%) vSphere
4 26 (2.26%) Active Directory
5 25 (2.17%) Virtual Machines
6 14 (1.22%) HDFS
7 9 (0.78%) VMware ESXi
8 5 (0.43%) Postfix
9 3 (0.26%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 2 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 2 (0.17%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.087%) Firmware
11 1 (0.087%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.087%) LXC
11 1 (0.087%) Oracle RAC
11 1 (0.087%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 255 (22.17%) Kubernetes
2 218 (18.96%) Terraform
3 183 (15.91%) Ansible
4 132 (11.48%) Puppet
5 131 (11.39%) Opscode Chef
6 42 (3.65%) Prometheus
7 39 (3.39%) Packer
8 33 (2.87%) Salt
9 27 (2.35%) Grafana
10 26 (2.26%) Kibana
11 16 (1.39%) ZABBIX
11 16 (1.39%) Zipkin
12 14 (1.22%) logstash
13 8 (0.70%) Nagios
14 6 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
14 6 (0.52%) Single Sign-On
14 6 (0.52%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 5 (0.43%) Graphite
15 5 (0.43%) Istio
15 5 (0.43%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 203 (17.65%) Microsoft
2 109 (9.48%) Oracle
3 107 (9.30%) Google
4 45 (3.91%) Atlassian
5 44 (3.83%) VMware
6 33 (2.87%) SAP
7 28 (2.43%) Red Hat
7 28 (2.43%) Splunk
8 24 (2.09%) Informatica
9 22 (1.91%) Hortonworks
10 17 (1.48%) Databricks
11 16 (1.39%) SaltStack
12 15 (1.30%) EMC
12 15 (1.30%) HP
12 15 (1.30%) MuleSoft
12 15 (1.30%) Talend
13 14 (1.22%) Dell
13 14 (1.22%) Salesforce.com
14 13 (1.13%) Cloudera
15 12 (1.04%) IBM