Period
to 18 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 18 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
18 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 75 77 60
Rank change year-on-year +2 -17 -18
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 2,125 1,001 2,475
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.05% 2.99% 3.76%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.42% 3.42% 4.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,440 724 1,705
10th Percentile £424 £361 £375
25th Percentile £500 £425 £440
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% -4.76% +2.94%
75th Percentile £669 £588 £600
90th Percentile £750 £655 £688
UK median daily rate £560 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +12.00% -4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 15 19
10th Percentile £40.50 £25.80 £14.40
25th Percentile £47.36 £41.63 £43.38
Median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £65.00
Median % change year-on-year +22.22% -30.77% +15.56%
75th Percentile £65.63 £50.63 £78.75
90th Percentile £80.50 £62.80 -
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £65.00
% change year-on-year +22.22% -30.77% +23.81%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 62,076 29,237 56,944
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.15% 87.25% 86.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 44,073 20,119 38,545
10th Percentile £325 £300 £288
25th Percentile £425 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% - -
75th Percentile £638 £575 £575
90th Percentile £725 £663 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,449 971 1,696
10th Percentile £12.02 £11.75 £11.85
25th Percentile £15.00 £15.75 £14.91
Median hourly rate £25.00 £26.79 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -6.68% +27.57% -3.49%
75th Percentile £49.25 £47.50 £45.00
90th Percentile £63.75 £58.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £25.50 £27.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year -5.56% +28.57% -3.49%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 18 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 1,184 £615 +17.14% 278
South East -7 241 £540 +10.20% 85
North of England +9 199 £525 +12.90% 101
South West +14 116 £500 -7.41% 39
Midlands -32 110 £530 +22.97% 71
North West +2 102 £525 +6.60% 62
East of England +3 95 £550 +15.79% 41
West Midlands -18 83 £540 +21.35% 46
Yorkshire -8 81 £539 +19.72% 30
East Midlands -37 26 £460 +29.58% 24
North East +8 19 £525 +7.69% 9
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 18 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 1,404 (66.07%) Agile Software Development
2 869 (40.89%) DevOps
3 676 (31.81%) Java
4 642 (30.21%) Test Automation
5 637 (29.98%) TDD
6 620 (29.18%) Jenkins
7 568 (26.73%) AWS
8 556 (26.16%) Azure
9 542 (25.51%) Continuous Delivery
10 525 (24.71%) Git (software)
11 516 (24.28%) Scrum
12 490 (23.06%) Python
13 462 (21.74%) JavaScript
14 456 (21.46%) Social Skills
15 453 (21.32%) Linux
16 448 (21.08%) SQL
17 446 (20.99%) Microservices
18 437 (20.56%) Docker
19 431 (20.28%) Kubernetes
20 406 (19.11%) Software Engineering
21 401 (18.87%) C#
22 374 (17.60%) Finance
23 348 (16.38%) JIRA
24 318 (14.96%) Terraform
25 296 (13.93%) Problem-Solving
25 296 (13.93%) .NET
26 282 (13.27%) Continuous Deployment
27 279 (13.13%) React
28 276 (12.99%) BDD
29 265 (12.47%) Security Cleared

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 181 (8.52%) Confluence
2 63 (2.96%) Apache
3 58 (2.73%) Elasticsearch
4 54 (2.54%) SharePoint
5 50 (2.35%) nginx
6 49 (2.31%) Apache Spark
7 43 (2.02%) CMS
8 35 (1.65%) Apache Airflow
9 32 (1.51%) Tomcat
10 28 (1.32%) Cloud Foundry
11 24 (1.13%) IIS
11 24 (1.13%) SAS
12 19 (0.89%) Oracle Coherence
13 17 (0.80%) WebLogic
14 13 (0.61%) Traefik
15 12 (0.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 11 (0.52%) Mule
17 10 (0.47%) BizTalk Server
18 9 (0.42%) WebSphere
19 8 (0.38%) JBoss
Applications
1 25 (1.18%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.24%) FrameMaker
5 2 (0.094%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.094%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.094%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.094%) Sketch
6 1 (0.047%) Acrobat
6 1 (0.047%) Adobe XD
6 1 (0.047%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.047%) Mingle
6 1 (0.047%) PlantUML
6 1 (0.047%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 26 (1.22%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (0.66%) Shopify
3 11 (0.52%) Magento
4 9 (0.42%) SAP FI-CA
4 9 (0.42%) SAP PSCD
5 7 (0.33%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 7 (0.33%) SAP Hybris
6 5 (0.24%) Distributed Ledger
7 4 (0.19%) Primavera
7 4 (0.19%) SAP ERP
8 3 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
8 3 (0.14%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 2 (0.094%) ION MarketView
9 2 (0.094%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
10 1 (0.047%) Oracle CRM
10 1 (0.047%) Sage CRM
10 1 (0.047%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 568 (26.73%) AWS
2 556 (26.16%) Azure
3 182 (8.56%) GitHub
4 152 (7.15%) Serverless
5 151 (7.11%) GCP
6 126 (5.93%) PaaS
7 99 (4.66%) AWS CloudFormation
8 95 (4.47%) OpenShift
9 93 (4.38%) IaaS
10 92 (4.33%) AWS Lambda
11 84 (3.95%) SaaS
12 67 (3.15%) Amazon EC2
13 65 (3.06%) Amazon S3
14 58 (2.73%) Power Platform
15 53 (2.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 51 (2.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 51 (2.40%) Azure Active Directory
17 46 (2.16%) Amazon EKS
18 44 (2.07%) Amazon ECS
18 44 (2.07%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 75 (3.53%) HTTP
2 49 (2.31%) DNS
2 49 (2.31%) TCP/IP
3 46 (2.16%) Firewall
4 34 (1.60%) SSL
5 28 (1.32%) HTTPS
6 27 (1.27%) Internet
7 25 (1.18%) RTMP
8 19 (0.89%) VPN
9 16 (0.75%) Network Security
10 11 (0.52%) Bluetooth
10 11 (0.52%) WAN
11 10 (0.47%) VLAN
11 10 (0.47%) Wi-Fi
12 9 (0.42%) Kerberos
13 8 (0.38%) Ethernet
14 7 (0.33%) Intranet
15 5 (0.24%) DECT
15 5 (0.24%) MQTT
15 5 (0.24%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 169 (7.95%) NoSQL
2 156 (7.34%) SQL Server
3 154 (7.25%) Relational Database
4 128 (6.02%) MongoDB
5 87 (4.09%) Big Data
6 84 (3.95%) MySQL
7 77 (3.62%) Oracle Database
8 65 (3.06%) Amazon RDS
9 64 (3.01%) PostgreSQL
10 63 (2.96%) Hadoop
11 60 (2.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 51 (2.40%) Apache Hive
13 41 (1.93%) Data Warehouse
13 41 (1.93%) Power BI
14 33 (1.55%) HBase
15 30 (1.41%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 27 (1.27%) Data Lake
16 27 (1.27%) Pentaho
17 23 (1.08%) Redis
18 22 (1.04%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 620 (29.18%) Jenkins
2 525 (24.71%) Git (software)
3 348 (16.38%) JIRA
4 158 (7.44%) Selenium
5 151 (7.11%) GitLab
6 120 (5.65%) TeamCity
7 112 (5.27%) Maven
8 93 (4.38%) Bitbucket
9 92 (4.33%) Cucumber
10 91 (4.28%) SonarQube
11 83 (3.91%) Sonatype Nexus
12 67 (3.15%) JUnit
13 60 (2.82%) Subversion
14 58 (2.73%) Visual Studio
15 50 (2.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 50 (2.35%) Postman
16 43 (2.02%) Team Foundation Server
17 41 (1.93%) JMeter
18 40 (1.88%) Artifactory
18 40 (1.88%) Mockito
General
1 456 (21.46%) Social Skills
2 374 (17.60%) Finance
3 206 (9.69%) Banking
4 188 (8.85%) Public Sector
5 131 (6.16%) Analytical Skills
6 72 (3.39%) Front Office
7 60 (2.82%) Retail
8 53 (2.49%) Marketing
9 49 (2.31%) Telecoms
10 47 (2.21%) Investment Banking
11 40 (1.88%) Presentation Skills
12 31 (1.46%) Games
13 26 (1.22%) Electronics
14 25 (1.18%) Manufacturing
15 22 (1.04%) Influencing Skills
15 22 (1.04%) Legal
16 21 (0.99%) Law
17 17 (0.80%) Publishing
18 14 (0.66%) Financial Institution
19 11 (0.52%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 996 (46.87%) Developer
2 234 (11.01%) DevOps Engineer
3 205 (9.65%) Senior Developer
4 202 (9.51%) Java Developer
5 137 (6.45%) Software Engineer
6 114 (5.36%) Architect
7 111 (5.22%) C# Developer
8 97 (4.56%) React Developer
9 96 (4.52%) AWS Engineer
10 94 (4.42%) Scala Developer
11 87 (4.09%) Full Stack Developer
12 79 (3.72%) .NET Developer
13 76 (3.58%) JavaScript Developer
14 61 (2.87%) Python Developer
15 59 (2.78%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 57 (2.68%) Senior Java Developer
16 57 (2.68%) Software Developer
17 54 (2.54%) Scrum Master
18 51 (2.40%) Java Engineer
19 49 (2.31%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 296 (13.93%) .NET
2 279 (13.13%) React
3 235 (11.06%) CSS
4 234 (11.01%) HTML
5 225 (10.59%) REST
6 211 (9.93%) RESTful
7 186 (8.75%) Node.js
8 177 (8.33%) Spring
9 164 (7.72%) Web Services
10 160 (7.53%) AngularJS
11 156 (7.34%) Kafka
12 146 (6.87%) JSON
13 129 (6.07%) Spring Boot
14 100 (4.71%) Redux
15 93 (4.38%) .NET Core
16 86 (4.05%) ASP.NET
17 80 (3.76%) HTML5
17 80 (3.76%) Play Framework
18 79 (3.72%) XML
19 72 (3.39%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 160 (7.53%) User Experience
2 62 (2.92%) Data Protection Act
3 58 (2.73%) Self-Motivation
4 51 (2.40%) Cloud Native
5 49 (2.31%) Public Cloud
6 46 (2.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 44 (2.07%) Mobile App
8 41 (1.93%) Greenfield Project
9 36 (1.69%) Data Structures
10 35 (1.65%) iPad
11 34 (1.60%) Enterprise Software
12 32 (1.51%) Algorithms
13 31 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
14 30 (1.41%) Fixed Income
15 29 (1.36%) Hybrid Cloud
15 29 (1.36%) Management Information System
16 26 (1.22%) Clustering
16 26 (1.22%) Virtual Team
17 21 (0.99%) Legacy Systems
18 20 (0.94%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 453 (21.32%) Linux
2 202 (9.51%) Windows
3 139 (6.54%) Unix
4 73 (3.44%) Apple iOS
5 59 (2.78%) Android
6 54 (2.54%) Windows Server
7 52 (2.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 38 (1.79%) CentOS
9 27 (1.27%) Ubuntu
10 14 (0.66%) Windows Server 2012
11 13 (0.61%) Windows Server 2008
12 11 (0.52%) Mac OS
13 9 (0.42%) Windows Server 2019
14 7 (0.33%) VMS
15 6 (0.28%) OpenWrt
15 6 (0.28%) VxWorks
16 5 (0.24%) Solaris
16 5 (0.24%) Windows Server 2016
17 4 (0.19%) Amazon Linux
17 4 (0.19%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,404 (66.07%) Agile Software Development
2 869 (40.89%) DevOps
3 642 (30.21%) Test Automation
4 637 (29.98%) TDD
5 542 (25.51%) Continuous Delivery
6 516 (24.28%) Scrum
7 446 (20.99%) Microservices
8 406 (19.11%) Software Engineering
9 296 (13.93%) Problem-Solving
10 282 (13.27%) Continuous Deployment
11 276 (12.99%) BDD
12 250 (11.76%) Unit Testing
13 210 (9.88%) Infrastructure as Code
14 199 (9.36%) Continuous Improvement
15 175 (8.24%) OO
15 175 (8.24%) SDLC
16 173 (8.14%) Pair Programming
17 165 (7.76%) Configuration Management
18 164 (7.72%) Kanban
19 157 (7.39%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 676 (31.81%) Java
2 490 (23.06%) Python
3 462 (21.74%) JavaScript
4 448 (21.08%) SQL
5 401 (18.87%) C#
6 186 (8.75%) Bash
7 180 (8.47%) Scala
8 169 (7.95%) TypeScript
9 149 (7.01%) C++
10 140 (6.59%) PowerShell
11 94 (4.42%) Ruby
12 70 (3.29%) C
12 70 (3.29%) Shell Script
13 69 (3.25%) Go
14 64 (3.01%) Java 8
15 43 (2.02%) Groovy
16 41 (1.93%) Apple Swift
17 35 (1.65%) Perl
18 34 (1.60%) PL/SQL
19 32 (1.51%) ES6
Qualifications
1 265 (12.47%) Security Cleared
2 224 (10.54%) SC Cleared
3 97 (4.56%) Degree
4 48 (2.26%) AWS Certification
5 28 (1.32%) BPSS Clearance
6 26 (1.22%) DV Cleared
7 24 (1.13%) Computer Science Degree
8 23 (1.08%) ISTQB
9 20 (0.94%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 16 (0.75%) ISEB
11 11 (0.52%) OCPJP
11 11 (0.52%) Sun Certification
12 10 (0.47%) Microsoft Certification
13 7 (0.33%) MCSE
14 6 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
15 5 (0.24%) PMI Certification
16 4 (0.19%) CISSP
17 3 (0.14%) (ISC)2 CCSP
17 3 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
17 3 (0.14%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 169 (7.95%) QA
2 48 (2.26%) Accessibility
3 20 (0.94%) Data Quality
4 14 (0.66%) GDPR
4 14 (0.66%) WCAG
5 13 (0.61%) NCSC
6 9 (0.42%) SLA
7 5 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 4 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
8 4 (0.19%) JTAG
9 3 (0.14%) MISRA
10 2 (0.094%) IFRS
10 2 (0.094%) IFRS 9
10 2 (0.094%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.094%) PMO
11 1 (0.047%) ISO 26262
11 1 (0.047%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.047%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 1 (0.047%) MISRA C
11 1 (0.047%) SOC 2
System Software
1 437 (20.56%) Docker
2 86 (4.05%) Active Directory
3 34 (1.60%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (1.36%) HDFS
5 21 (0.99%) Virtual Machines
6 15 (0.71%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 7 (0.33%) Virtual Desktop
8 6 (0.28%) Firmware
9 4 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
9 4 (0.19%) VirtualBox
9 4 (0.19%) vSphere
10 3 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.094%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.094%) Hyper-V
11 2 (0.094%) LXC
11 2 (0.094%) Postfix
12 1 (0.047%) NFS
12 1 (0.047%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 431 (20.28%) Kubernetes
2 318 (14.96%) Terraform
3 254 (11.95%) Ansible
4 122 (5.74%) Puppet
5 98 (4.61%) Grafana
6 88 (4.14%) Prometheus
7 70 (3.29%) Opscode Chef
8 37 (1.74%) Istio
9 36 (1.69%) Packer
10 29 (1.36%) Kibana
10 29 (1.36%) Nagios
11 28 (1.32%) ZABBIX
12 27 (1.27%) Docker Swarm
13 21 (0.99%) Bosun
14 20 (0.94%) Consul
15 16 (0.75%) ITRS Geneos
15 16 (0.75%) logstash
15 16 (0.75%) VictorOps
16 14 (0.66%) Podman
17 13 (0.61%) linkerd
Vendors
1 258 (12.14%) Microsoft
2 193 (9.08%) Oracle
3 102 (4.80%) Google
4 71 (3.34%) Splunk
5 59 (2.78%) SAP
6 37 (1.74%) VMware
7 33 (1.55%) AppDynamics
8 32 (1.51%) Red Hat
9 30 (1.41%) Atlassian
10 26 (1.22%) Salesforce.com
11 23 (1.08%) PagerDuty
12 20 (0.94%) New Relic
12 20 (0.94%) Talend
13 19 (0.89%) Confluent
14 18 (0.85%) ION Trading
15 17 (0.80%) Cloudera
15 17 (0.80%) Databricks
15 17 (0.80%) hybris
15 17 (0.80%) IBM
16 15 (0.71%) Informatica