Period
to 21 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 21 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
21 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 54 41 43
Rank change year-on-year -13 +2 +4
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 3,086 5,120 4,812
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.07% 5.38% 5.07%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.72% 6.19% 5.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,025 3,502 3,490
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +3.09%
10th Percentile £400 £369 £350
90th Percentile £700 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 16 61
England median hourly rate £48.50 £36.25 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +33.79% -23.68% +26.67%
10th Percentile £16.00 £27.38 £35.50
90th Percentile £78.75 £57.34 £63.75
UK median hourly rate £48.50 £35.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +38.57% -26.32% +26.67%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 65,416 82,756 81,904
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.20% 86.97% 86.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 43,321 55,454 54,993
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,006 2,112 1,946
England median hourly rate £23.69 £22.00 £23.14
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.67% -4.93% +0.61%
10th Percentile £11.88 £11.41 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £22.00 £23.00
% change year-on-year +6.82% -4.35% +2.22%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 21 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 21 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 21 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 1,722 £550 +4.76% 359
South East -21 423 £475 -5.00% 160
North of England -12 404 £475 +5.56% 200
Midlands -19 195 £475 +5.56% 97
Yorkshire +15 193 £475 +5.56% 71
South West -13 193 £500 +17.65% 82
North West -34 157 £475 +5.56% 100
West Midlands -20 140 £475 +1.06% 65
East of England -12 135 £450 -10.00% 84
North East -14 55 £432 -13.46% 29
East Midlands 0 54 £500 +24.61% 32
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 21 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 2,057 (66.66%) Agile Software Development
2 1,178 (38.17%) DevOps
3 1,094 (35.45%) Jenkins
4 1,065 (34.51%) TDD
5 1,022 (33.12%) Java
6 955 (30.95%) Git (software)
7 885 (28.68%) Test Automation
7 885 (28.68%) AWS
8 867 (28.09%) Scrum
9 825 (26.73%) JavaScript
10 790 (25.60%) Python
11 727 (23.56%) Azure
12 663 (21.48%) Linux
13 626 (20.29%) C#
14 598 (19.38%) Docker
15 556 (18.02%) Microservices
16 555 (17.98%) Finance
17 552 (17.89%) .NET
18 548 (17.76%) SQL
19 535 (17.34%) CSS
20 526 (17.04%) HTML
21 498 (16.14%) Web Services
22 495 (16.04%) Continuous Delivery
23 477 (15.46%) Kubernetes
24 469 (15.20%) BDD
25 451 (14.61%) Microsoft
26 444 (14.39%) Kanban
27 426 (13.80%) JIRA
28 417 (13.51%) Security Cleared
29 409 (13.25%) AngularJS

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 160 (5.18%) Confluence
2 108 (3.50%) Apache Spark
3 90 (2.92%) Tomcat
4 87 (2.82%) Apache
5 83 (2.69%) Elasticsearch
6 78 (2.53%) IIS
7 74 (2.40%) nginx
8 59 (1.91%) WebSphere
9 33 (1.07%) Jetty
10 32 (1.04%) SAS
11 31 (1.00%) JBoss
12 27 (0.87%) OpenStack
13 22 (0.71%) CMS
13 22 (0.71%) Mongrel
13 22 (0.71%) SharePoint
14 20 (0.65%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 18 (0.58%) Cloud Foundry
16 16 (0.52%) Jupyter
16 16 (0.52%) WebLogic
17 12 (0.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 26 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (0.81%) Sketch
3 17 (0.55%) Photoshop
4 11 (0.36%) Zeplin
5 9 (0.29%) InVision
5 9 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
6 6 (0.19%) Figma
7 4 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 3 (0.097%) Adobe XD
8 3 (0.097%) Chatbot
9 2 (0.065%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.032%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 33 (1.07%) Dynamics CRM
2 21 (0.68%) Magento
3 13 (0.42%) Shopify
4 12 (0.39%) BusinessWorks
5 9 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
5 9 (0.29%) Sonata
5 9 (0.29%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 7 (0.23%) thinkFolio
7 6 (0.19%) Unit4 Business World
8 5 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
9 4 (0.13%) SAP ERP
10 3 (0.097%) FINCAD Analytics
10 3 (0.097%) Oracle EBS
11 2 (0.065%) Oracle Cash Management
11 2 (0.065%) Payment Gateway
12 1 (0.032%) SAP Hybris
12 1 (0.032%) SAP IS-U
12 1 (0.032%) SAP Oil and Gas
12 1 (0.032%) SAP S/4HANA
12 1 (0.032%) SAP WM
Cloud Services
1 885 (28.68%) AWS
2 727 (23.56%) Azure
3 257 (8.33%) GitHub
4 234 (7.58%) GCP
5 179 (5.80%) Amazon EC2
6 161 (5.22%) Serverless
7 129 (4.18%) PaaS
8 120 (3.89%) Amazon S3
9 114 (3.69%) AWS Lambda
10 100 (3.24%) Amazon SQS
11 93 (3.01%) AWS CloudFormation
12 90 (2.92%) IaaS
13 77 (2.50%) SaaS
14 68 (2.20%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 57 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
16 53 (1.72%) OpenShift
16 53 (1.72%) Power Platform
17 49 (1.59%) Datadog
18 46 (1.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 41 (1.33%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 200 (6.48%) HTTP
2 131 (4.24%) TCP/IP
3 97 (3.14%) SSL
4 80 (2.59%) DNS
5 54 (1.75%) Internet
6 50 (1.62%) Firewall
7 46 (1.49%) VPN
8 38 (1.23%) DHCP
9 32 (1.04%) IPsec
10 31 (1.00%) FTP
11 15 (0.49%) VLAN
12 12 (0.39%) DSL
12 12 (0.39%) Wireless
13 10 (0.32%) Wireshark
14 9 (0.29%) HTTPS
15 8 (0.26%) SSH
16 7 (0.23%) Reverse Proxy
16 7 (0.23%) VoIP
16 7 (0.23%) WAN
17 6 (0.19%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 377 (12.22%) SQL Server
2 202 (6.55%) Relational Database
3 197 (6.38%) Big Data
4 177 (5.74%) PostgreSQL
5 162 (5.25%) NoSQL
6 122 (3.95%) MySQL
7 117 (3.79%) MongoDB
8 113 (3.66%) Hadoop
9 109 (3.53%) Amazon RDS
10 68 (2.20%) Amazon Redshift
10 68 (2.20%) Data Warehouse
11 61 (1.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 56 (1.81%) RDBMS
13 53 (1.72%) Power BI
14 52 (1.69%) Apache Cassandra
15 47 (1.52%) Data Lake
16 41 (1.33%) Oracle Database
16 41 (1.33%) Redis
17 36 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 36 (1.17%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,094 (35.45%) Jenkins
2 955 (30.95%) Git (software)
3 426 (13.80%) JIRA
4 281 (9.11%) Selenium
5 211 (6.84%) Cucumber
6 203 (6.58%) JUnit
7 202 (6.55%) Maven
8 194 (6.29%) TeamCity
9 140 (4.54%) SonarQube
10 132 (4.28%) Mockito
11 125 (4.05%) Visual Studio Team System
12 119 (3.86%) Bitbucket
13 108 (3.50%) Subversion
14 103 (3.34%) Sonatype Nexus
15 100 (3.24%) GitLab
16 97 (3.14%) Visual Studio
17 90 (2.92%) Team Foundation Server
18 81 (2.62%) Octopus Deploy
19 78 (2.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 75 (2.43%) DbUnit
General
1 555 (17.98%) Finance
2 231 (7.49%) Banking
3 185 (5.99%) Public Sector
4 115 (3.73%) Retail
5 75 (2.43%) Front Office
6 60 (1.94%) Games
7 46 (1.49%) Investment Banking
8 45 (1.46%) Marketing
9 36 (1.17%) Legal
10 30 (0.97%) Military
10 30 (0.97%) Telecoms
11 29 (0.94%) Law
12 27 (0.87%) Manufacturing
13 21 (0.68%) Financial Institution
14 20 (0.65%) Back Office
15 18 (0.58%) Publishing
16 15 (0.49%) Electronics
17 9 (0.29%) Multimedia
18 8 (0.26%) Advertising
18 8 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,501 (48.64%) Developer
2 460 (14.91%) DevOps Engineer
3 315 (10.21%) Java Developer
4 219 (7.10%) C# Developer
5 201 (6.51%) Senior Developer
6 169 (5.48%) Architect
7 159 (5.15%) .NET Developer
8 143 (4.63%) Python Developer
9 136 (4.41%) Full Stack Developer
10 128 (4.15%) Software Engineer
11 118 (3.82%) AWS Engineer
12 117 (3.79%) React Developer
13 113 (3.66%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 107 (3.47%) Cloud Engineer
15 102 (3.31%) JavaScript Developer
16 94 (3.05%) Tester
17 88 (2.85%) AWS DevOps
18 83 (2.69%) C# .NET Developer
19 78 (2.53%) Senior DevOps
20 72 (2.33%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 552 (17.89%) .NET
2 535 (17.34%) CSS
3 526 (17.04%) HTML
4 498 (16.14%) Web Services
5 409 (13.25%) AngularJS
6 369 (11.96%) React
7 365 (11.83%) RESTful
8 344 (11.15%) REST
9 305 (9.88%) Node.js
10 302 (9.79%) Spring
11 233 (7.55%) JSON
12 180 (5.83%) SOAP
13 177 (5.74%) XML
14 175 (5.67%) HTML5
14 175 (5.67%) Kafka
15 174 (5.64%) ASP.NET
16 136 (4.41%) ASP.NET Web API
17 135 (4.37%) .NET Framework
18 126 (4.08%) Vue.js
19 123 (3.99%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 245 (7.94%) Analytical Skills
2 180 (5.83%) User Experience
3 125 (4.05%) Greenfield Project
4 119 (3.86%) Mobile App
5 79 (2.56%) Linux Command Line
6 75 (2.43%) Enterprise Software
7 73 (2.37%) Public Cloud
8 67 (2.17%) Hedge funds
9 66 (2.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 62 (2.01%) Algorithms
11 61 (1.98%) Equities
12 56 (1.81%) Data Structures
13 45 (1.46%) Self-Motivation
14 38 (1.23%) Cloud Native
15 37 (1.20%) Video on Demand
16 33 (1.07%) Animation
16 33 (1.07%) Fixed Income
17 31 (1.00%) Data Centre
17 31 (1.00%) PKI
17 31 (1.00%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 663 (21.48%) Linux
2 259 (8.39%) Windows
3 251 (8.13%) Unix
4 137 (4.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 127 (4.12%) Apple iOS
6 115 (3.73%) Android
7 63 (2.04%) CentOS
8 62 (2.01%) Windows Server
9 36 (1.17%) Ubuntu
10 27 (0.87%) Debian
11 24 (0.78%) tvOS
12 18 (0.58%) Mac OS
13 14 (0.45%) Mac OS X
14 7 (0.23%) Solaris
15 5 (0.16%) DC/OS
15 5 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
16 4 (0.13%) VMS
17 3 (0.097%) Mesosphere
18 2 (0.065%) Windows 8
19 1 (0.032%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,057 (66.66%) Agile Software Development
2 1,178 (38.17%) DevOps
3 1,065 (34.51%) TDD
4 885 (28.68%) Test Automation
5 867 (28.09%) Scrum
6 556 (18.02%) Microservices
7 495 (16.04%) Continuous Delivery
8 469 (15.20%) BDD
9 444 (14.39%) Kanban
10 353 (11.44%) Software Engineering
11 335 (10.86%) Continuous Deployment
12 332 (10.76%) Open Source
13 313 (10.14%) Problem-Solving
14 312 (10.11%) Configuration Management
15 295 (9.56%) OO
16 265 (8.59%) Unit Testing
17 258 (8.36%) Infrastructure as Code
18 234 (7.58%) MVC
19 217 (7.03%) Analytics
20 214 (6.93%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,022 (33.12%) Java
2 825 (26.73%) JavaScript
3 790 (25.60%) Python
4 626 (20.29%) C#
5 548 (17.76%) SQL
6 265 (8.59%) Ruby
7 233 (7.55%) Bash Shell
8 178 (5.77%) Scala
9 173 (5.61%) PowerShell
10 126 (4.08%) Shell Script
11 108 (3.50%) Java 8
12 102 (3.31%) C++
13 94 (3.05%) C
14 91 (2.95%) TypeScript
15 82 (2.66%) Go
16 79 (2.56%) Groovy
17 71 (2.30%) Perl
18 61 (1.98%) Apple Swift
19 58 (1.88%) PHP
20 45 (1.46%) ES6
Qualifications
1 417 (13.51%) Security Cleared
2 320 (10.37%) SC Cleared
3 195 (6.32%) Degree
4 63 (2.04%) Computer Science Degree
5 54 (1.75%) DV Cleared
6 51 (1.65%) AWS Certification
7 48 (1.56%) BPSS Clearance
8 36 (1.17%) ISTQB
9 26 (0.84%) ISEB
10 19 (0.62%) DBS Check
10 19 (0.62%) Master's Degree
11 15 (0.49%) RHCE
12 13 (0.42%) CISSP
12 13 (0.42%) IISP
13 9 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
14 7 (0.23%) CTC Cleared
15 5 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
15 5 (0.16%) RHCSA
16 4 (0.13%) CCNA
16 4 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 214 (6.93%) QA
2 25 (0.81%) WCAG
3 14 (0.45%) PCI DSS
3 14 (0.45%) PMO
4 13 (0.42%) MiFID
5 12 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
6 7 (0.23%) Data Quality
6 7 (0.23%) SLA
7 5 (0.16%) GDPR
8 4 (0.13%) HL7
9 3 (0.097%) MISRA
9 3 (0.097%) PSD2
10 2 (0.065%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.032%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.032%) ISO 8583
11 1 (0.032%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 1 (0.032%) MISRA C
11 1 (0.032%) NCSC
System Software
1 598 (19.38%) Docker
2 83 (2.69%) VMware Infrastructure
3 64 (2.07%) Virtual Machines
4 62 (2.01%) Active Directory
5 40 (1.30%) Postfix
6 35 (1.13%) vSphere
7 27 (0.87%) HDFS
8 24 (0.78%) Xen
9 11 (0.36%) VirtualBox
10 9 (0.29%) Firmware
11 6 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 6 (0.19%) Hyper-V
12 3 (0.097%) VMware NSX
13 2 (0.065%) LXC
13 2 (0.065%) NFS
13 2 (0.065%) PowerDNS
13 2 (0.065%) vCloud
14 1 (0.032%) Microsoft App-V
14 1 (0.032%) XenApp
14 1 (0.032%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 477 (15.46%) Kubernetes
2 397 (12.86%) Ansible
3 365 (11.83%) Terraform
4 290 (9.40%) Puppet
5 236 (7.65%) Opscode Chef
6 73 (2.37%) Kibana
7 60 (1.94%) Grafana
8 49 (1.59%) Packer
9 32 (1.04%) Salt
10 28 (0.91%) Prometheus
11 24 (0.78%) Consul
12 23 (0.75%) Docker Swarm
12 23 (0.75%) Nagios
13 22 (0.71%) ZABBIX
14 21 (0.68%) logstash
15 17 (0.55%) Hadoop YARN
16 16 (0.52%) Control-M
17 15 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
18 14 (0.45%) CASB
19 12 (0.39%) Graphite
Vendors
1 451 (14.61%) Microsoft
2 286 (9.27%) Google
3 187 (6.06%) Oracle
4 97 (3.14%) VMware
5 89 (2.88%) Red Hat
6 59 (1.91%) Atlassian
7 57 (1.85%) Apple
8 51 (1.65%) Splunk
9 50 (1.62%) Salesforce.com
10 43 (1.39%) IBM
11 37 (1.20%) Remedy
12 36 (1.17%) Cloudera
13 35 (1.13%) SAP
14 32 (1.04%) Tableau
15 29 (0.94%) Databricks
15 29 (0.94%) Sitecore
16 28 (0.91%) ServiceNow
17 27 (0.87%) Cisco
18 26 (0.84%) Dell
19 25 (0.81%) Hortonworks