Period
to 14 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 14 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
14 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 71 60 48
Rank change year-on-year -11 -12 -8
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 1,445 1,701 3,921
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.18% 3.76% 4.70%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.64% 4.39% 5.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 999 1,214 2,602
10th Percentile £374 £375 £383
25th Percentile £438 £440 £428
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £520
Median % change year-on-year - +0.96% +4.00%
75th Percentile £619 £613 £588
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £513
% change year-on-year - +2.44% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 10 14
10th Percentile £31.95 £41.83 £20.63
25th Percentile £38.00 £45.00 £46.06
Median hourly rate £45.00 £56.75 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year -20.70% +13.50% -11.11%
75th Percentile £55.00 £67.01 £60.00
90th Percentile £68.00 £78.75 £64.75
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £56.75 £50.00
% change year-on-year -20.70% +13.50% -11.11%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 39,748 38,778 73,334
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.59% 85.75% 87.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 27,341 26,135 49,814
10th Percentile £310 £300 £306
25th Percentile £400 £388 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.70%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £676 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +4.21% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,242 1,121 1,777
10th Percentile £11.76 £12.42 £11.61
25th Percentile £15.50 £15.75 £14.50
Median hourly rate £25.00 £21.50 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +16.28% -4.44% +5.51%
75th Percentile £46.44 £45.00 £44.50
90th Percentile £58.71 £53.75 £51.02
UK median hourly rate £26.50 £22.34 £22.50
% change year-on-year +18.63% -0.72% +9.44%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 14 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -7 886 £550 - 263
South East -4 174 £475 -4.04% 97
North of England -19 125 £500 - 144
North West -8 73 £500 +14.29% 87
South West -3 69 £515 -6.36% 67
Midlands -31 62 £413 -10.33% 43
East of England -9 42 £480 +6.67% 36
Yorkshire -19 41 £450 -14.29% 44
East Midlands +19 29 £413 +26.92% 14
West Midlands -54 27 £425 -12.82% 29
North East +5 11 £575 +15.00% 13
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 14 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 934 (64.64%) Agile Software Development
2 582 (40.28%) DevOps
3 540 (37.37%) Java
4 482 (33.36%) TDD
5 464 (32.11%) Jenkins
6 410 (28.37%) Test Automation
7 393 (27.20%) Scrum
8 382 (26.44%) JavaScript
9 376 (26.02%) Azure
10 371 (25.67%) Git (software)
11 353 (24.43%) SQL
12 349 (24.15%) Python
13 342 (23.67%) Microservices
14 337 (23.32%) Social Skills
15 329 (22.77%) AWS
16 302 (20.90%) Docker
17 279 (19.31%) Linux
18 270 (18.69%) JIRA
19 258 (17.85%) Finance
20 255 (17.65%) Kubernetes
21 252 (17.44%) Continuous Delivery
22 249 (17.23%) Software Engineering
23 240 (16.61%) C#
24 234 (16.19%) .NET
25 219 (15.16%) Microsoft
26 213 (14.74%) RESTful
27 211 (14.60%) AngularJS
27 211 (14.60%) HTML
28 207 (14.33%) Spring
29 200 (13.84%) BDD

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 129 (8.93%) Confluence
2 65 (4.50%) Apache
3 50 (3.46%) SharePoint
4 42 (2.91%) Tomcat
5 41 (2.84%) WebSphere
6 33 (2.28%) Apache Spark
7 32 (2.21%) Elasticsearch
8 27 (1.87%) nginx
9 26 (1.80%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 25 (1.73%) CMS
11 22 (1.52%) JBoss
12 19 (1.31%) Jetty
12 19 (1.31%) WebLogic
13 18 (1.25%) Red Hat Fuse
14 16 (1.11%) Oracle Coherence
15 12 (0.83%) WebSphere Application Server
16 11 (0.76%) IIS
17 10 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
18 9 (0.62%) Camunda
18 9 (0.62%) OpenStack
Applications
1 19 (1.31%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (1.18%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (0.90%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.55%) Photoshop
5 3 (0.21%) Figma
5 3 (0.21%) Sketch
6 2 (0.14%) InVision
7 1 (0.069%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.069%) Simulink
7 1 (0.069%) S-PLUS
7 1 (0.069%) TargetLink
7 1 (0.069%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 15 (1.04%) Magento
2 6 (0.42%) Shopify
3 5 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.35%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.14%) Sage CRM
4 2 (0.14%) SAP FI-CA
4 2 (0.14%) SAP PSCD
4 2 (0.14%) Summit
5 1 (0.069%) Maximo
5 1 (0.069%) Primavera
5 1 (0.069%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.069%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.069%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.069%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 376 (26.02%) Azure
2 329 (22.77%) AWS
3 132 (9.13%) GitHub
4 108 (7.47%) GCP
5 97 (6.71%) PaaS
6 87 (6.02%) Serverless
7 80 (5.54%) SaaS
8 65 (4.50%) IaaS
9 59 (4.08%) Power Platform
10 53 (3.67%) AWS CloudFormation
11 47 (3.25%) AWS Lambda
11 47 (3.25%) Azure Active Directory
12 43 (2.98%) OpenShift
13 33 (2.28%) Amazon S3
14 29 (2.01%) Azure Service Bus
15 26 (1.80%) Amazon ECS
16 24 (1.66%) Amazon EC2
17 23 (1.59%) Azure Key Vault
17 23 (1.59%) npm
18 21 (1.45%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 42 (2.91%) DNS
2 39 (2.70%) TCP/IP
3 31 (2.15%) HTTP
4 30 (2.08%) Firewall
5 29 (2.01%) DHCP
6 27 (1.87%) IPsec
7 26 (1.80%) SSL
8 25 (1.73%) LAN
8 25 (1.73%) WAN
9 24 (1.66%) VPN
10 21 (1.45%) VLAN
11 14 (0.97%) POP3
11 14 (0.97%) SMTP
11 14 (0.97%) SNMP
12 13 (0.90%) FTP
12 13 (0.90%) Multicast
13 10 (0.69%) DECT
13 10 (0.69%) IPv4
13 10 (0.69%) Wi-Fi
14 9 (0.62%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 144 (9.97%) SQL Server
2 104 (7.20%) NoSQL
3 101 (6.99%) Relational Database
4 87 (6.02%) MongoDB
5 68 (4.71%) PostgreSQL
6 51 (3.53%) Big Data
7 48 (3.32%) Power BI
8 41 (2.84%) Hadoop
9 40 (2.77%) Redis
10 34 (2.35%) MySQL
11 31 (2.15%) Azure SQL Database
11 31 (2.15%) Data Lake
12 28 (1.94%) Oracle Database
13 26 (1.80%) RDBMS
14 23 (1.59%) Apache Hive
15 22 (1.52%) HBase
15 22 (1.52%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 21 (1.45%) BigQuery
17 20 (1.38%) Data Warehouse
18 18 (1.25%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 464 (32.11%) Jenkins
2 371 (25.67%) Git (software)
3 270 (18.69%) JIRA
4 145 (10.03%) Maven
5 122 (8.44%) GitLab
6 103 (7.13%) Selenium
7 82 (5.67%) Cucumber
8 79 (5.47%) TeamCity
9 76 (5.26%) JUnit
10 62 (4.29%) Gradle
11 61 (4.22%) Bitbucket
12 55 (3.81%) Visual Studio
13 50 (3.46%) Octopus Deploy
13 50 (3.46%) Sonatype Nexus
14 49 (3.39%) SonarQube
15 39 (2.70%) Mockito
16 36 (2.49%) Subversion
17 32 (2.21%) JMeter
18 30 (2.08%) Ant
19 28 (1.94%) Cypress.io
General
1 337 (23.32%) Social Skills
2 258 (17.85%) Finance
3 151 (10.45%) Banking
4 80 (5.54%) Public Sector
5 77 (5.33%) Analytical Skills
6 57 (3.94%) Retail
7 52 (3.60%) Investment Banking
8 47 (3.25%) Front Office
9 39 (2.70%) Marketing
10 31 (2.15%) Games
11 23 (1.59%) Presentation Skills
11 23 (1.59%) Telecoms
12 17 (1.18%) Automotive
13 16 (1.11%) Manufacturing
14 15 (1.04%) Pharmaceutical
15 12 (0.83%) Electronics
16 11 (0.76%) Documentation Skills
16 11 (0.76%) Influencing Skills
16 11 (0.76%) Organisational Skills
17 8 (0.55%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 700 (48.44%) Developer
2 160 (11.07%) DevOps Engineer
3 154 (10.66%) Java Developer
4 133 (9.20%) Architect
5 119 (8.24%) Senior Developer
6 92 (6.37%) Full Stack Developer
7 71 (4.91%) .NET Developer
8 59 (4.08%) JavaScript Developer
9 58 (4.01%) C# Developer
10 51 (3.53%) Python Developer
11 49 (3.39%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 47 (3.25%) React Developer
12 47 (3.25%) Tester
13 46 (3.18%) Solutions Architect
14 45 (3.11%) AWS Engineer
15 44 (3.04%) AWS Developer
15 44 (3.04%) Senior Java Developer
15 44 (3.04%) Software Engineer
16 42 (2.91%) Azure Engineer
17 38 (2.63%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 234 (16.19%) .NET
2 213 (14.74%) RESTful
3 211 (14.60%) AngularJS
3 211 (14.60%) HTML
4 207 (14.33%) Spring
5 199 (13.77%) React
6 192 (13.29%) REST
7 185 (12.80%) Web Services
8 175 (12.11%) Node.js
9 160 (11.07%) CSS
10 109 (7.54%) HTML5
11 108 (7.47%) JSON
12 105 (7.27%) Spring Boot
13 87 (6.02%) XML
14 80 (5.54%) Kafka
15 69 (4.78%) .NET Core
16 68 (4.71%) Redux
17 66 (4.57%) Hibernate
18 65 (4.50%) ASP.NET
19 64 (4.43%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 62 (4.29%) Greenfield Project
2 56 (3.88%) Mobile App
3 55 (3.81%) User Experience
4 48 (3.32%) Enterprise Software
5 40 (2.77%) Public Cloud
6 36 (2.49%) Self-Motivation
7 35 (2.42%) Algorithms
8 33 (2.28%) Clustering
9 29 (2.01%) Linux Command Line
10 28 (1.94%) Cloud Native
11 26 (1.80%) Management Information System
12 25 (1.73%) Data Structures
13 23 (1.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 20 (1.38%) N-Tier
15 19 (1.31%) Virtual Team
16 17 (1.18%) Animation
16 17 (1.18%) Derivative
16 17 (1.18%) Private Cloud
17 16 (1.11%) Embedded Systems
17 16 (1.11%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 279 (19.31%) Linux
2 139 (9.62%) Windows
3 96 (6.64%) Android
4 76 (5.26%) Unix
5 59 (4.08%) Apple iOS
6 32 (2.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 31 (2.15%) Windows Server
8 22 (1.52%) CentOS
9 15 (1.04%) OpenWrt
10 14 (0.97%) Ubuntu
11 11 (0.76%) Solaris
12 9 (0.62%) Windows Server 2016
13 6 (0.42%) Windows 10
14 5 (0.35%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
16 2 (0.14%) VMS
17 1 (0.069%) AIX
17 1 (0.069%) Embedded Linux
17 1 (0.069%) SUSE
17 1 (0.069%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 934 (64.64%) Agile Software Development
2 582 (40.28%) DevOps
3 482 (33.36%) TDD
4 410 (28.37%) Test Automation
5 393 (27.20%) Scrum
6 342 (23.67%) Microservices
7 252 (17.44%) Continuous Delivery
8 249 (17.23%) Software Engineering
9 200 (13.84%) BDD
10 190 (13.15%) Problem-Solving
11 167 (11.56%) Unit Testing
12 166 (11.49%) Continuous Deployment
13 140 (9.69%) Continuous Improvement
14 137 (9.48%) Mentoring
14 137 (9.48%) OO
15 134 (9.27%) Open Source
16 126 (8.72%) Kanban
17 124 (8.58%) Configuration Management
18 118 (8.17%) Pair Programming
19 108 (7.47%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 540 (37.37%) Java
2 382 (26.44%) JavaScript
3 353 (24.43%) SQL
4 349 (24.15%) Python
5 240 (16.61%) C#
6 165 (11.42%) TypeScript
7 133 (9.20%) PowerShell
8 109 (7.54%) Bash Shell
9 88 (6.09%) C++
10 87 (6.02%) Scala
11 82 (5.67%) Ruby
12 66 (4.57%) Java 8
13 64 (4.43%) Shell Script
14 56 (3.88%) Kotlin
15 54 (3.74%) C
16 47 (3.25%) Go
17 46 (3.18%) ES6
18 38 (2.63%) PL/SQL
19 33 (2.28%) Perl
20 22 (1.52%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 178 (12.32%) Security Cleared
2 122 (8.44%) Degree
2 122 (8.44%) SC Cleared
3 43 (2.98%) DV Cleared
4 31 (2.15%) Computer Science Degree
5 25 (1.73%) Master's Degree
6 22 (1.52%) AWS Certification
7 19 (1.31%) Microsoft Certification
8 17 (1.18%) CCNA
8 17 (1.18%) Cisco Certification
9 15 (1.04%) CCNP
10 14 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
11 13 (0.90%) ISEB
12 9 (0.62%) ISTQB
13 7 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 6 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
15 5 (0.35%) PMI Certification
15 5 (0.35%) TOGAF Certification
16 4 (0.28%) RHCE
16 4 (0.28%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 128 (8.86%) QA
2 11 (0.76%) WCAG
3 10 (0.69%) JTAG
4 5 (0.35%) GDPR
4 5 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 12207
4 5 (0.35%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.28%) SLA
6 3 (0.21%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.21%) MiFID
7 2 (0.14%) PMO
8 1 (0.069%) COBIT
8 1 (0.069%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.069%) HL7
System Software
1 302 (20.90%) Docker
2 57 (3.94%) Active Directory
3 45 (3.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (1.31%) HDFS
5 16 (1.11%) Virtual Machines
6 12 (0.83%) Xen
7 9 (0.62%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.42%) RACF
9 5 (0.35%) KVM
9 5 (0.35%) NFS
9 5 (0.35%) SRDF
9 5 (0.35%) VMware NSX
10 4 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
10 4 (0.28%) VirtualBox
11 3 (0.21%) Firmware
12 2 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
13 1 (0.069%) Platform Symphony
13 1 (0.069%) Postfix
13 1 (0.069%) Varnish
13 1 (0.069%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 255 (17.65%) Kubernetes
2 165 (11.42%) Ansible
3 157 (10.87%) Terraform
4 72 (4.98%) Puppet
5 56 (3.88%) Opscode Chef
6 34 (2.35%) Prometheus
7 26 (1.80%) Grafana
8 16 (1.11%) Istio
8 16 (1.11%) Packer
9 15 (1.04%) Kibana
10 12 (0.83%) HP Quality Center
11 10 (0.69%) Docker Swarm
12 9 (0.62%) ITRS Geneos
12 9 (0.62%) Oozie
12 9 (0.62%) Rancher
13 7 (0.48%) Nagios
13 7 (0.48%) Single Sign-On
13 7 (0.48%) Zipkin
14 6 (0.42%) Hadoop YARN
14 6 (0.42%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 219 (15.16%) Microsoft
2 176 (12.18%) Oracle
3 84 (5.81%) Google
4 46 (3.18%) VMware
5 36 (2.49%) Red Hat
6 32 (2.21%) IBM
7 31 (2.15%) Splunk
8 27 (1.87%) Atlassian
9 25 (1.73%) Dell
9 25 (1.73%) SAP
10 23 (1.59%) Cisco
11 22 (1.52%) HP
12 20 (1.38%) Salesforce.com
13 14 (0.97%) Databricks
14 12 (0.83%) hybris
14 12 (0.83%) MuleSoft
15 11 (0.76%) AppDynamics
16 10 (0.69%) Apple
16 10 (0.69%) New Relic
16 10 (0.69%) Xamarin