Period
to 23 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 23 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
23 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 42 46 59
Rank change year-on-year +4 +13 +8
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 4,951 3,670 3,458
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.37% 4.40% 3.56%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.26% 5.19% 4.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,473 2,494 2,408
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +11.76%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £338
90th Percentile £638 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £500 £470 £465
% change year-on-year +6.38% +1.08% +9.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 41 27
England median hourly rate £50.00 £45.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.89% +1.11% +20.81%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £30.65
90th Percentile £67.25 £61.00 £58.50
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.25 £45.00
% change year-on-year +10.50% +0.56% +21.62%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79,110 70,744 81,699
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.88% 84.81% 84.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,522 46,685 54,423
England median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +4.42%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,086 1,873 2,100
England median hourly rate £22.00 £25.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.00% +8.70% +8.75%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.45 £11.63
90th Percentile £50.00 £51.45 £50.28
UK median hourly rate £21.79 £25.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year -12.84% - +19.05%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 23 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 23 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 23 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +12 2,739 £525 +5.00% 590
South East +7 822 £488 +12.07% 207
North of England +6 657 £425 - 222
Midlands +23 354 £475 +11.76% 126
North West +8 305 £427 +0.35% 130
Yorkshire +3 289 £425 +1.19% 73
West Midlands +34 275 £479 -0.10% 87
South West +17 198 £455 +13.75% 92
East of England -20 192 £475 +5.56% 92
East Midlands -6 76 £400 +6.67% 39
North East -7 72 £475 +16.78% 19
South Coast -2 2 - -
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 23 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3,254 (65.72%) Agile Software Development
2 2,095 (42.31%) Jenkins
3 1,999 (40.38%) DevOps
4 1,935 (39.08%) Java
5 1,909 (38.56%) TDD
6 1,714 (34.62%) Git (software)
7 1,444 (29.17%) Scrum
8 1,400 (28.28%) Test Automation
9 1,389 (28.05%) Linux
10 1,331 (26.88%) Amazon AWS
11 1,315 (26.56%) JavaScript
12 1,125 (22.72%) Python
13 1,048 (21.17%) Docker
14 1,018 (20.56%) BDD
15 984 (19.87%) Web Services
16 970 (19.59%) Ansible
17 930 (18.78%) Continuous Delivery
18 888 (17.94%) Puppet
19 866 (17.49%) Microsoft Azure
20 828 (16.72%) REST
21 827 (16.70%) SQL
22 824 (16.64%) HTML
22 824 (16.64%) C#
23 817 (16.50%) Microservices
24 786 (15.88%) Finance
25 782 (15.79%) CSS
26 776 (15.67%) .NET
27 768 (15.51%) Configuration Management
28 761 (15.37%) Kanban
29 703 (14.20%) JIRA

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 395 (7.98%) Confluence
2 265 (5.35%) Apache
3 257 (5.19%) Tomcat
4 238 (4.81%) Elasticsearch
5 178 (3.60%) Apache Spark
6 171 (3.45%) WebSphere
7 169 (3.41%) nginx
8 160 (3.23%) OpenStack
9 131 (2.65%) WebLogic
10 111 (2.24%) JBoss
11 76 (1.54%) IIS
12 73 (1.47%) Cloud Foundry
13 70 (1.41%) CMS
14 59 (1.19%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 43 (0.87%) Jetty
16 41 (0.83%) NServiceBus
17 37 (0.75%) Apache Solr
18 35 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 32 (0.65%) Mule
20 23 (0.46%) Mongrel
Applications
1 50 (1.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
3 14 (0.28%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
5 7 (0.14%) Chatbot
5 7 (0.14%) HipChat
5 7 (0.14%) Photoshop
5 7 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
6 6 (0.12%) GIMP
7 5 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 4 (0.081%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 3 (0.061%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 32 (0.65%) Payment Gateway
2 17 (0.34%) Magento
3 16 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
4 15 (0.30%) thinkFolio
5 14 (0.28%) Eagle PACE
5 14 (0.28%) Front Arena
6 8 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
7 7 (0.14%) ION MarketView
7 7 (0.14%) Markit EDM
8 6 (0.12%) Bloomberg AIM
8 6 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
9 5 (0.10%) WebTrends
10 4 (0.081%) Summit
11 3 (0.061%) Oracle ERP
12 2 (0.040%) SAP Hybris
13 1 (0.020%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
13 1 (0.020%) LatentZero
13 1 (0.020%) Oracle EBS
13 1 (0.020%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 1 (0.020%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 1,331 (26.88%) Amazon AWS
2 866 (17.49%) Microsoft Azure
3 310 (6.26%) GitHub
4 269 (5.43%) PaaS
5 198 (4.00%) Amazon EC2
6 175 (3.53%) AWS CloudFormation
7 170 (3.43%) Google Cloud Platform
8 169 (3.41%) IaaS
9 140 (2.83%) Serverless
10 128 (2.59%) OpenShift
11 125 (2.52%) Amazon S3
12 111 (2.24%) AWS Lambda
13 106 (2.14%) SaaS
14 97 (1.96%) Cloud Computing
15 94 (1.90%) npm
16 80 (1.62%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 63 (1.27%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 46 (0.93%) Slack
19 44 (0.89%) Amazon ELB
19 44 (0.89%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 328 (6.62%) HTTP
2 200 (4.04%) TCP/IP
3 168 (3.39%) SSL
4 157 (3.17%) Firewall
5 118 (2.38%) DNS
6 84 (1.70%) Internet
7 64 (1.29%) DHCP
8 62 (1.25%) Kerberos
9 60 (1.21%) VPN
10 56 (1.13%) FTP
11 47 (0.95%) IPsec
12 44 (0.89%) Network Security
13 36 (0.73%) SMS
14 16 (0.32%) SAN
15 14 (0.28%) Software-Defined Networking
16 13 (0.26%) LAN
16 13 (0.26%) Reverse Proxy
16 13 (0.26%) WAN
17 12 (0.24%) Wireless
18 11 (0.22%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 571 (11.53%) NoSQL
2 524 (10.58%) SQL Server
3 439 (8.87%) Relational Database
4 383 (7.74%) PostgreSQL
5 362 (7.31%) MySQL
6 351 (7.09%) MongoDB
7 307 (6.20%) Big Data
8 241 (4.87%) Hadoop
9 139 (2.81%) Apache Cassandra
10 133 (2.69%) RDBMS
11 120 (2.42%) Data Warehouse
12 118 (2.38%) Redis
13 113 (2.28%) HBase
14 81 (1.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 69 (1.39%) Apache Hive
16 68 (1.37%) Amazon RDS
16 68 (1.37%) Oracle Database
17 54 (1.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 49 (0.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 41 (0.83%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 2,095 (42.31%) Jenkins
2 1,714 (34.62%) Git (software)
3 703 (14.20%) JIRA
4 499 (10.08%) Selenium
5 488 (9.86%) Maven
6 451 (9.11%) TeamCity
7 354 (7.15%) JUnit
8 321 (6.48%) Subversion
9 318 (6.42%) Cucumber
10 225 (4.54%) Sonatype Nexus
11 222 (4.48%) Visual Studio
12 211 (4.26%) Team Foundation Server
13 208 (4.20%) Gradle
14 206 (4.16%) SonarQube
15 204 (4.12%) Mockito
16 189 (3.82%) NUnit
17 176 (3.55%) Octopus Deploy
18 174 (3.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 157 (3.17%) Bitbucket
20 155 (3.13%) WebDriver
General
1 786 (15.88%) Finance
2 400 (8.08%) Banking
3 130 (2.63%) Retail
4 111 (2.24%) Games
5 84 (1.70%) Investment Banking
6 78 (1.58%) Front Office
7 70 (1.41%) Telecoms
8 64 (1.29%) Marketing
9 41 (0.83%) Manufacturing
10 35 (0.71%) Back Office
11 32 (0.65%) Retail Banking
12 31 (0.63%) Financial Institution
13 25 (0.50%) Electronics
14 24 (0.48%) Publishing
15 22 (0.44%) Advertising
16 21 (0.42%) Legal
17 20 (0.40%) Law
18 17 (0.34%) Multimedia
19 6 (0.12%) General Ledger
20 5 (0.10%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,362 (47.71%) Developer
2 920 (18.58%) DevOps Engineer
3 693 (14.00%) Java Developer
4 400 (8.08%) Senior Developer
5 339 (6.85%) .NET Developer
6 248 (5.01%) AWS DevOps
7 245 (4.95%) Architect
8 241 (4.87%) C# Developer
9 235 (4.75%) AWS Engineer
10 200 (4.04%) Python Developer
11 182 (3.68%) Senior DevOps
12 179 (3.62%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 176 (3.55%) Senior Java Developer
14 175 (3.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 175 (3.53%) Full Stack Developer
15 160 (3.23%) Senior DevOps Engineer
16 154 (3.11%) Scrum Master
17 147 (2.97%) Software Engineer
17 147 (2.97%) Tester
18 146 (2.95%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 984 (19.87%) Web Services
2 828 (16.72%) REST
3 824 (16.64%) HTML
4 782 (15.79%) CSS
5 776 (15.67%) .NET
6 692 (13.98%) RESTful
7 638 (12.89%) AngularJS
8 623 (12.58%) Spring
9 450 (9.09%) Node.js
10 440 (8.89%) JSON
11 411 (8.30%) React
12 390 (7.88%) HTML5
13 362 (7.31%) SOAP
14 334 (6.75%) ASP.NET
15 311 (6.28%) jQuery
16 291 (5.88%) .NET Framework
17 277 (5.59%) CSS3
18 248 (5.01%) Kafka
19 245 (4.95%) XML
20 214 (4.32%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 312 (6.30%) Greenfield Project
2 240 (4.85%) User Experience
3 231 (4.67%) Mobile App
4 221 (4.46%) Analytical Skills
5 162 (3.27%) Computer Science
6 145 (2.93%) Enterprise Software
7 123 (2.48%) Public Cloud
8 107 (2.16%) Self-Motivation
9 103 (2.08%) Linux Command Line
10 101 (2.04%) Fintech
11 91 (1.84%) Algorithms
12 78 (1.58%) Virtual Team
13 74 (1.49%) Clustering
14 65 (1.31%) Data Structures
15 59 (1.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 46 (0.93%) iPad
17 45 (0.91%) Private Cloud
18 44 (0.89%) Fixed Income
19 40 (0.81%) Hybrid Cloud
20 36 (0.73%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 1,389 (28.05%) Linux
2 484 (9.78%) Windows
3 401 (8.10%) Unix
4 239 (4.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 189 (3.82%) Android
6 177 (3.58%) CentOS
7 176 (3.55%) Apple iOS
8 103 (2.08%) Windows Server
9 84 (1.70%) Ubuntu
10 50 (1.01%) Mac OS X
11 34 (0.69%) CoreOS
12 27 (0.55%) Windows Server 2008
13 26 (0.53%) Solaris
14 23 (0.46%) VMS
15 21 (0.42%) DC/OS
16 20 (0.40%) Debian
17 14 (0.28%) Mac OS
18 8 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
19 7 (0.14%) Nucleus RTOS
19 7 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,254 (65.72%) Agile Software Development
2 1,999 (40.38%) DevOps
3 1,909 (38.56%) TDD
4 1,444 (29.17%) Scrum
5 1,400 (28.28%) Test Automation
6 1,018 (20.56%) BDD
7 930 (18.78%) Continuous Delivery
8 817 (16.50%) Microservices
9 768 (15.51%) Configuration Management
10 761 (15.37%) Kanban
11 612 (12.36%) Software Engineering
12 583 (11.78%) MVC
13 570 (11.51%) Open Source
14 497 (10.04%) OO
15 449 (9.07%) Unit Testing
16 442 (8.93%) Continuous Deployment
16 442 (8.93%) Pair Programming
17 421 (8.50%) Deployment Automation
18 420 (8.48%) Problem-Solving
19 413 (8.34%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,935 (39.08%) Java
2 1,315 (26.56%) JavaScript
3 1,125 (22.72%) Python
4 827 (16.70%) SQL
5 824 (16.64%) C#
6 539 (10.89%) Ruby
7 393 (7.94%) Bash Shell
8 304 (6.14%) Java 8
9 295 (5.96%) Scala
10 276 (5.57%) PowerShell
11 238 (4.81%) Perl
12 230 (4.65%) Groovy
13 198 (4.00%) Shell Script
14 123 (2.48%) PHP
15 120 (2.42%) TypeScript
16 118 (2.38%) Go
17 112 (2.26%) C++
18 109 (2.20%) ES6
19 101 (2.04%) C
20 69 (1.39%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 500 (10.10%) Security Cleared
2 391 (7.90%) SC Cleared
3 317 (6.40%) Degree
4 79 (1.60%) Computer Science Degree
5 60 (1.21%) BPSS Clearance
6 51 (1.03%) ISTQB
7 44 (0.89%) DV Cleared
8 39 (0.79%) Numerate Degree
9 34 (0.69%) AWS Certification
10 29 (0.59%) ISEB
11 26 (0.53%) Master's Degree
12 24 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 18 (0.36%) PMP
14 16 (0.32%) PMI Certification
15 8 (0.16%) Sun Certification
15 8 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
16 7 (0.14%) CISSP
16 7 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
17 6 (0.12%) BC Cleared
17 6 (0.12%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 357 (7.21%) QA
2 45 (0.91%) GCP
3 25 (0.50%) Data Quality
4 22 (0.44%) GDPR
5 20 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
5 20 (0.40%) MiFID
6 18 (0.36%) SLA
7 16 (0.32%) WCAG
8 14 (0.28%) PMO
9 10 (0.20%) PCI DSS
10 7 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 5 (0.10%) EMIR
12 4 (0.081%) HIPAA
12 4 (0.081%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 3 (0.061%) Dodd-Frank
14 2 (0.040%) COBIT
14 2 (0.040%) MISRA
14 2 (0.040%) SEPA
14 2 (0.040%) WAI
15 1 (0.020%) ECSS
System Software
1 1,048 (21.17%) Docker
2 145 (2.93%) VMware Infrastructure
3 103 (2.08%) Virtual Machines
4 94 (1.90%) Active Directory
5 79 (1.60%) HDFS
6 76 (1.54%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 41 (0.83%) vSphere
8 40 (0.81%) Hyper-V
9 37 (0.75%) Xen
10 32 (0.65%) VirtualBox
11 28 (0.57%) vCloud
12 21 (0.42%) Virtual Servers
13 18 (0.36%) Apache Flume
14 14 (0.28%) etcd
15 13 (0.26%) NFS
16 10 (0.20%) flannel
16 10 (0.20%) Squid
17 9 (0.18%) Firmware
18 8 (0.16%) Postfix
19 7 (0.14%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 970 (19.59%) Ansible
2 888 (17.94%) Puppet
3 598 (12.08%) Opscode Chef
4 484 (9.78%) Kubernetes
5 463 (9.35%) Terraform
6 137 (2.77%) Kibana
7 122 (2.46%) logstash
8 112 (2.26%) Salt
9 75 (1.51%) Hadoop YARN
10 71 (1.43%) Grafana
10 71 (1.43%) Packer
11 63 (1.27%) Docker Swarm
12 60 (1.21%) Mesos
13 59 (1.19%) Nagios
14 53 (1.07%) HAProxy
15 35 (0.71%) Rancher
16 34 (0.69%) Prometheus
17 32 (0.65%) Consul
18 27 (0.55%) ZABBIX
19 24 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 504 (10.18%) Oracle
2 412 (8.32%) Microsoft
3 252 (5.09%) Google
4 193 (3.90%) VMware
5 182 (3.68%) Splunk
6 143 (2.89%) Red Hat
7 123 (2.48%) Atlassian
8 99 (2.00%) AppDynamics
9 83 (1.68%) New Relic
10 79 (1.60%) Hortonworks
11 70 (1.41%) Adobe
12 69 (1.39%) Cloudera
13 60 (1.21%) SaltStack
13 60 (1.21%) SAP
14 58 (1.17%) IBM
15 55 (1.11%) Salesforce.com
16 40 (0.81%) Tableau
17 34 (0.69%) Sitecore
18 29 (0.59%) HP
18 29 (0.59%) MuleSoft