Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 72 60 54
Rank change year-on-year -12 -6 -11
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 1,857 1,230 3,707
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.28% 3.68% 4.43%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.71% 4.25% 5.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,278 891 2,464
10th Percentile £400 £383 £388
25th Percentile £463 £450 £427
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £513
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +2.44% +2.50%
75th Percentile £638 £613 £588
90th Percentile £722 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £530 £520 £508
% change year-on-year +1.92% +2.46% +1.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 4 12
10th Percentile £25.35 £46.44 £13.05
25th Percentile £36.50 £47.48 £39.19
Median hourly rate £46.00 £55.81 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year -17.57% +11.62% +12.36%
75th Percentile £55.00 £65.32 "
90th Percentile £68.07 £65.45 £59.00
UK median hourly rate £45.25 £55.81 £50.00
% change year-on-year -18.92% +11.62% +12.36%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 50,121 28,945 73,415
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 88.56% 86.71% 87.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 34,693 19,679 49,670
10th Percentile £313 £305 £303
25th Percentile £408 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +2.70%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,470 790 1,912
10th Percentile £11.99 £12.37 £11.85
25th Percentile £14.55 £15.79 £14.60
Median hourly rate £23.00 £23.54 £23.00
Median % change year-on-year -2.28% +2.34% +9.52%
75th Percentile £46.50 £46.02 £46.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £55.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £23.08 £22.79
% change year-on-year +4.01% +1.25% +13.95%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -5 1,135 £575 +4.55% 346
South East -4 217 £498 -0.50% 99
North of England -40 168 £500 - 154
North West -11 97 £500 +17.65% 85
Midlands -12 82 £458 +5.17% 75
South West -15 80 £515 -7.54% 52
East of England -10 64 £488 +2.63% 59
Yorkshire -42 58 £525 -4.55% 51
West Midlands -25 51 £474 -0.26% 44
East Midlands -12 25 £463 +32.14% 31
North East -18 14 £600 +20.00% 18
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 1,224 (65.91%) Agile Software Development
2 737 (39.69%) DevOps
3 661 (35.60%) TDD
4 660 (35.54%) Java
5 582 (31.34%) Jenkins
6 540 (29.08%) Test Automation
7 517 (27.84%) Scrum
8 512 (27.57%) Git (software)
9 489 (26.33%) Azure
10 487 (26.23%) JavaScript
11 481 (25.90%) SQL
12 454 (24.45%) Python
13 439 (23.64%) AWS
14 408 (21.97%) Microservices
15 404 (21.76%) Social Skills
16 379 (20.41%) Docker
17 366 (19.71%) Continuous Delivery
18 356 (19.17%) C#
19 354 (19.06%) JIRA
20 350 (18.85%) Linux
20 350 (18.85%) Software Engineering
21 342 (18.42%) Kubernetes
22 317 (17.07%) Finance
23 296 (15.94%) .NET
24 294 (15.83%) React
25 291 (15.67%) HTML
26 282 (15.19%) AngularJS
27 278 (14.97%) BDD
28 275 (14.81%) RESTful
29 264 (14.22%) Microsoft

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 179 (9.64%) Confluence
2 81 (4.36%) Apache
3 63 (3.39%) Tomcat
4 60 (3.23%) SharePoint
5 50 (2.69%) Apache Spark
6 49 (2.64%) WebSphere
7 39 (2.10%) CMS
8 34 (1.83%) Elasticsearch
9 30 (1.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 26 (1.40%) nginx
11 24 (1.29%) Jetty
12 23 (1.24%) SAS
12 23 (1.24%) WebLogic
13 21 (1.13%) Oracle Coherence
14 17 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
15 15 (0.81%) OpenStack
15 15 (0.81%) WebSphere Application Server
16 14 (0.75%) IBM Domino
17 11 (0.59%) Apache Airflow
18 10 (0.54%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 35 (1.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (0.97%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (0.54%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.48%) Photoshop
5 5 (0.27%) Figma
6 4 (0.22%) Sketch
7 3 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.16%) Zeplin
8 2 (0.11%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.11%) InVision
8 2 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 1 (0.054%) Doxygen
9 1 (0.054%) FrameMaker
9 1 (0.054%) Mingle
9 1 (0.054%) Simulink
9 1 (0.054%) S-PLUS
9 1 (0.054%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 15 (0.81%) Magento
2 10 (0.54%) Shopify
3 7 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.32%) Oracle BPM
5 5 (0.27%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 4 (0.22%) ION MarketView
7 3 (0.16%) SAP FI-CA
7 3 (0.16%) SAP PSCD
8 2 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
8 2 (0.11%) Sage CRM
8 2 (0.11%) Summit
9 1 (0.054%) Aligne
9 1 (0.054%) BusinessWorks
9 1 (0.054%) Endur
9 1 (0.054%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
9 1 (0.054%) Primavera
9 1 (0.054%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.054%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 489 (26.33%) Azure
2 439 (23.64%) AWS
3 182 (9.80%) GitHub
4 168 (9.05%) GCP
5 112 (6.03%) Serverless
6 104 (5.60%) PaaS
7 97 (5.22%) SaaS
8 75 (4.04%) IaaS
9 63 (3.39%) AWS CloudFormation
10 59 (3.18%) AWS Lambda
11 58 (3.12%) Power Platform
12 51 (2.75%) Azure Active Directory
13 39 (2.10%) OpenShift
14 38 (2.05%) Amazon S3
15 36 (1.94%) Amazon EC2
16 31 (1.67%) npm
17 30 (1.62%) Amazon ECS
18 21 (1.13%) Amazon EKS
19 20 (1.08%) Azure Pipelines
19 20 (1.08%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 56 (3.02%) TCP/IP
2 49 (2.64%) HTTP
3 46 (2.48%) DNS
4 36 (1.94%) SSL
5 30 (1.62%) Firewall
6 28 (1.51%) WAN
7 25 (1.35%) LAN
8 23 (1.24%) IPsec
9 22 (1.18%) DHCP
9 22 (1.18%) VPN
10 18 (0.97%) Multicast
10 18 (0.97%) VLAN
11 13 (0.70%) Kerberos
12 12 (0.65%) FTP
12 12 (0.65%) NAS
12 12 (0.65%) SAN
13 11 (0.59%) Cisco Nexus
13 11 (0.59%) FCoE
13 11 (0.59%) Fibre Channel
13 11 (0.59%) iSCSI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 205 (11.04%) SQL Server
2 135 (7.27%) NoSQL
3 128 (6.89%) Relational Database
4 121 (6.52%) MongoDB
5 73 (3.93%) PostgreSQL
6 70 (3.77%) MySQL
7 64 (3.45%) Big Data
8 61 (3.28%) Oracle Database
9 55 (2.96%) Hadoop
10 48 (2.58%) Redis
11 47 (2.53%) Power BI
12 35 (1.88%) Apache Hive
13 34 (1.83%) Data Warehouse
13 34 (1.83%) HBase
13 34 (1.83%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 29 (1.56%) Data Lake
15 28 (1.51%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 27 (1.45%) Apache Cassandra
17 25 (1.35%) Oracle Database 12c
18 24 (1.29%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 582 (31.34%) Jenkins
2 512 (27.57%) Git (software)
3 354 (19.06%) JIRA
4 181 (9.75%) Maven
5 132 (7.11%) GitLab
6 127 (6.84%) Selenium
7 122 (6.57%) Cucumber
8 107 (5.76%) TeamCity
9 94 (5.06%) Bitbucket
10 82 (4.42%) Visual Studio
11 81 (4.36%) JUnit
12 60 (3.23%) Sonatype Nexus
13 57 (3.07%) Gradle
14 51 (2.75%) Mockito
14 51 (2.75%) SonarQube
15 46 (2.48%) Octopus Deploy
16 44 (2.37%) Gatling
17 42 (2.26%) Subversion
18 38 (2.05%) Jasmine
19 33 (1.78%) IntelliJ
General
1 404 (21.76%) Social Skills
2 317 (17.07%) Finance
3 231 (12.44%) Banking
4 107 (5.76%) Public Sector
5 102 (5.49%) Investment Banking
6 85 (4.58%) Analytical Skills
7 78 (4.20%) Front Office
8 73 (3.93%) Retail
9 42 (2.26%) Marketing
10 33 (1.78%) Games
11 31 (1.67%) Presentation Skills
12 28 (1.51%) Telecoms
13 21 (1.13%) Electronics
14 20 (1.08%) Manufacturing
14 20 (1.08%) Retail Banking
15 15 (0.81%) Documentation Skills
16 13 (0.70%) Influencing Skills
17 12 (0.65%) Back Office
18 10 (0.54%) Organisational Skills
19 9 (0.48%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 915 (49.27%) Developer
2 216 (11.63%) DevOps Engineer
3 164 (8.83%) Java Developer
4 152 (8.19%) Senior Developer
5 137 (7.38%) Architect
6 124 (6.68%) Full Stack Developer
7 104 (5.60%) C# Developer
8 95 (5.12%) .NET Developer
9 78 (4.20%) Python Developer
10 77 (4.15%) Software Engineer
11 70 (3.77%) JavaScript Developer
12 68 (3.66%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 66 (3.55%) React Developer
14 60 (3.23%) Azure Engineer
15 58 (3.12%) AWS Engineer
16 56 (3.02%) Scala Developer
17 52 (2.80%) Java Engineer
18 50 (2.69%) Solutions Architect
19 48 (2.58%) Senior Java Developer
20 47 (2.53%) Azure DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 296 (15.94%) .NET
2 294 (15.83%) React
3 291 (15.67%) HTML
4 282 (15.19%) AngularJS
5 275 (14.81%) RESTful
6 238 (12.82%) Web Services
7 235 (12.65%) CSS
8 231 (12.44%) Spring
9 219 (11.79%) Node.js
10 202 (10.88%) REST
11 146 (7.86%) HTML5
12 130 (7.00%) JSON
13 122 (6.57%) Spring Boot
14 106 (5.71%) Kafka
15 96 (5.17%) Redux
16 85 (4.58%) ASP.NET
17 83 (4.47%) XML
18 80 (4.31%) .NET Core
19 73 (3.93%) Hibernate
20 65 (3.50%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 94 (5.06%) User Experience
2 64 (3.45%) Mobile App
3 59 (3.18%) Greenfield Project
4 53 (2.85%) Cloud Native
5 51 (2.75%) Enterprise Software
5 51 (2.75%) Management Information System
6 48 (2.58%) Public Cloud
7 41 (2.21%) Data Protection Act
8 38 (2.05%) Data Structures
9 37 (1.99%) Algorithms
9 37 (1.99%) Derivative
10 35 (1.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 33 (1.78%) Linux Command Line
12 31 (1.67%) Fixed Income
13 29 (1.56%) Self-Motivation
14 27 (1.45%) Interest Rate Derivative
15 25 (1.35%) iPhone
16 24 (1.29%) Clustering
17 23 (1.24%) Legacy Systems
18 19 (1.02%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 350 (18.85%) Linux
2 146 (7.86%) Windows
3 126 (6.79%) Unix
4 92 (4.95%) Android
5 80 (4.31%) Apple iOS
6 47 (2.53%) Windows Server
7 27 (1.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 22 (1.18%) CentOS
9 18 (0.97%) Solaris
10 17 (0.92%) Ubuntu
10 17 (0.92%) Windows Server 2016
11 13 (0.70%) OpenWrt
12 6 (0.32%) VMS
13 5 (0.27%) Mac OS
13 5 (0.27%) Windows 10
14 4 (0.22%) tvOS
14 4 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
15 3 (0.16%) Windows Server 2019
16 2 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
16 2 (0.11%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,224 (65.91%) Agile Software Development
2 737 (39.69%) DevOps
3 661 (35.60%) TDD
4 540 (29.08%) Test Automation
5 517 (27.84%) Scrum
6 408 (21.97%) Microservices
7 366 (19.71%) Continuous Delivery
8 350 (18.85%) Software Engineering
9 278 (14.97%) BDD
10 236 (12.71%) Problem-Solving
11 223 (12.01%) Unit Testing
12 215 (11.58%) Continuous Deployment
13 193 (10.39%) Continuous Improvement
14 173 (9.32%) Configuration Management
15 166 (8.94%) Pair Programming
16 164 (8.83%) OO
17 163 (8.78%) Kanban
18 153 (8.24%) Infrastructure as Code
19 145 (7.81%) SDLC
20 144 (7.75%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 660 (35.54%) Java
2 487 (26.23%) JavaScript
3 481 (25.90%) SQL
4 454 (24.45%) Python
5 356 (19.17%) C#
6 228 (12.28%) TypeScript
7 151 (8.13%) Bash Shell
8 139 (7.49%) Scala
9 130 (7.00%) PowerShell
10 118 (6.35%) C++
11 75 (4.04%) Ruby
12 72 (3.88%) Java 8
13 71 (3.82%) Shell Script
14 61 (3.28%) Go
15 58 (3.12%) C
16 53 (2.85%) Kotlin
16 53 (2.85%) PL/SQL
17 49 (2.64%) ES6
18 39 (2.10%) Apple Swift
18 39 (2.10%) Perl
Qualifications
1 213 (11.47%) Security Cleared
2 150 (8.08%) SC Cleared
3 135 (7.27%) Degree
4 39 (2.10%) DV Cleared
5 30 (1.62%) AWS Certification
6 25 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
7 22 (1.18%) BPSS Clearance
8 21 (1.13%) Numerate Degree
9 16 (0.86%) ISTQB
10 15 (0.81%) Master's Degree
11 14 (0.75%) ISEB
11 14 (0.75%) Microsoft Certification
12 9 (0.48%) CCNA
12 9 (0.48%) CCNP
12 9 (0.48%) Cisco Certification
12 9 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 7 (0.38%) TOGAF Certification
14 6 (0.32%) PMI Certification
15 4 (0.22%) OCPJP
15 4 (0.22%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 156 (8.40%) QA
2 76 (4.09%) Accessibility
3 15 (0.81%) WCAG
4 11 (0.59%) GDPR
5 9 (0.48%) Data Quality
5 9 (0.48%) JTAG
6 7 (0.38%) SLA
7 6 (0.32%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.32%) PMO
8 3 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
8 3 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.11%) MiFID
9 2 (0.11%) MISRA
10 1 (0.054%) COBIT
10 1 (0.054%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.054%) EMIR
10 1 (0.054%) MISRA C
10 1 (0.054%) Solvency II
System Software
1 379 (20.41%) Docker
2 72 (3.88%) Active Directory
3 51 (2.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (1.45%) HDFS
5 18 (0.97%) Xen
6 13 (0.70%) Hyper-V
6 13 (0.70%) NFS
7 11 (0.59%) KVM
7 11 (0.59%) SRDF
8 10 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
9 7 (0.38%) RACF
10 6 (0.32%) Oracle RAC
11 4 (0.22%) Firmware
12 3 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 3 (0.16%) Postfix
12 3 (0.16%) VirtualBox
12 3 (0.16%) vSphere
13 2 (0.11%) Platform Symphony
13 2 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
14 1 (0.054%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 342 (18.42%) Kubernetes
2 248 (13.35%) Terraform
3 238 (12.82%) Ansible
4 97 (5.22%) Puppet
5 61 (3.28%) Opscode Chef
6 49 (2.64%) Grafana
7 45 (2.42%) Prometheus
8 24 (1.29%) Packer
9 19 (1.02%) Istio
10 15 (0.81%) Kibana
11 13 (0.70%) ITRS Geneos
12 12 (0.65%) Docker Swarm
12 12 (0.65%) HP Quality Center
13 10 (0.54%) Hadoop YARN
13 10 (0.54%) Nagios
13 10 (0.54%) Rancher
14 7 (0.38%) Oozie
14 7 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
15 6 (0.32%) Mesos
15 6 (0.32%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 264 (14.22%) Microsoft
2 246 (13.25%) Oracle
3 137 (7.38%) Google
4 52 (2.80%) VMware
5 51 (2.75%) IBM
6 30 (1.62%) Splunk
7 27 (1.45%) SAP
8 26 (1.40%) Red Hat
9 24 (1.29%) Cisco
10 23 (1.24%) Salesforce.com
11 21 (1.13%) Databricks
11 21 (1.13%) Dell
12 19 (1.02%) hybris
13 18 (0.97%) Atlassian
14 17 (0.92%) Informatica
15 15 (0.81%) HP
15 15 (0.81%) NetApp
16 14 (0.75%) Xerox
17 13 (0.70%) Apple
17 13 (0.70%) Talend