Period
to 26 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 26 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
26 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 58 43 39
Rank change year-on-year -15 -4 +9
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 2,286 4,742 4,935
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.72% 5.22% 5.33%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.36% 5.97% 6.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,550 3,174 3,553
England median daily rate £525 £510 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +2.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £375 £375 £360
90th Percentile £688 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 14 51
England median hourly rate £48.50 £35.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +38.57% -30.00% +17.65%
10th Percentile £16.00 £35.00 £36.25
90th Percentile £78.75 £64.45 £67.25
UK median hourly rate £48.50 £35.00 £49.75
% change year-on-year +38.57% -29.65% +17.06%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 52,428 79,493 80,150
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.24% 87.54% 86.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 34,263 53,169 53,953
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.86%
10th Percentile £290 £305 £288
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,687 2,001 1,948
England median hourly rate £23.35 £23.84 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.03% -0.69% -4.00%
10th Percentile £12.44 £11.50 £11.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.25 £50.25
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £24.00 £24.00

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 26 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 26 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 26 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -18 1,256 £550 +2.33% 422
North of England -16 328 £470 +0.53% 243
South East -34 296 £500 - 178
Yorkshire 0 148 £475 - 114
Midlands -21 147 £463 - 102
North West -21 140 £450 - 107
South West -23 136 £500 +7.82% 108
West Midlands -10 120 £475 +0.53% 70
East of England +16 111 £450 -5.26% 77
North East -20 42 £450 -10.00% 22
East Midlands +5 26 £325 -24.86% 32
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 26 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 1,449 (63.39%) Agile Software Development
2 902 (39.46%) DevOps
3 832 (36.40%) Jenkins
4 794 (34.73%) Java
5 719 (31.45%) Git (software)
6 702 (30.71%) TDD
7 676 (29.57%) Test Automation
8 630 (27.56%) AWS
9 612 (26.77%) Azure
10 600 (26.25%) Scrum
11 586 (25.63%) JavaScript
12 531 (23.23%) Python
13 490 (21.43%) Linux
14 485 (21.22%) SQL
15 468 (20.47%) Docker
16 439 (19.20%) C#
17 416 (18.20%) .NET
17 416 (18.20%) Continuous Delivery
18 415 (18.15%) Microservices
19 399 (17.45%) HTML
20 392 (17.15%) CSS
21 382 (16.71%) Microsoft
22 380 (16.62%) Finance
23 357 (15.62%) BDD
24 350 (15.31%) Kubernetes
25 331 (14.48%) Web Services
26 311 (13.60%) AngularJS
27 304 (13.30%) Ansible
28 301 (13.17%) RESTful
29 300 (13.12%) JIRA

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 153 (6.69%) Confluence
2 94 (4.11%) Apache Spark
3 90 (3.94%) Apache
4 81 (3.54%) Tomcat
5 61 (2.67%) Elasticsearch
6 60 (2.62%) nginx
7 58 (2.54%) WebSphere
8 57 (2.49%) IIS
9 29 (1.27%) Jetty
10 27 (1.18%) CMS
10 27 (1.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 27 (1.18%) WebLogic
11 20 (0.87%) Mongrel
12 17 (0.74%) Cloud Foundry
13 15 (0.66%) JBoss
13 15 (0.66%) SAS
13 15 (0.66%) SharePoint
14 14 (0.61%) Jupyter
15 9 (0.39%) Apache Airflow
15 9 (0.39%) OpenStack
Applications
1 20 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
1 20 (0.87%) Sketch
2 16 (0.70%) Photoshop
3 6 (0.26%) Figma
3 6 (0.26%) InVision
4 5 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.044%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.044%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.044%) Simulink
6 1 (0.044%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 25 (1.09%) Magento
2 22 (0.96%) Dynamics CRM
3 17 (0.74%) Shopify
4 11 (0.48%) Oracle BPM
5 7 (0.31%) thinkFolio
6 6 (0.26%) BusinessWorks
7 5 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
8 3 (0.13%) FINCAD Analytics
8 3 (0.13%) SAP ERP
8 3 (0.13%) SAP FI-CA
8 3 (0.13%) SAP PSCD
8 3 (0.13%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 3 (0.13%) Unit4 Business World
9 2 (0.087%) Dynamics AX
9 2 (0.087%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.087%) Oracle Cash Management
9 2 (0.087%) SAP EWM
10 1 (0.044%) FastStats
10 1 (0.044%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 1 (0.044%) SAP WM
Cloud Services
1 630 (27.56%) AWS
2 612 (26.77%) Azure
3 219 (9.58%) GitHub
4 197 (8.62%) GCP
5 148 (6.47%) Amazon EC2
6 134 (5.86%) PaaS
7 126 (5.51%) Serverless
8 99 (4.33%) IaaS
9 84 (3.67%) Amazon SQS
10 82 (3.59%) Power Platform
11 74 (3.24%) AWS Lambda
12 70 (3.06%) SaaS
13 63 (2.76%) Cloud Computing
14 60 (2.62%) Amazon S3
15 53 (2.32%) AWS CloudFormation
16 34 (1.49%) Azure Active Directory
17 33 (1.44%) OpenShift
18 30 (1.31%) Google Analytics
19 28 (1.22%) Route 53
20 26 (1.14%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 176 (7.70%) HTTP
2 105 (4.59%) TCP/IP
3 72 (3.15%) SSL
4 63 (2.76%) Firewall
5 62 (2.71%) DNS
6 39 (1.71%) Internet
7 26 (1.14%) DHCP
8 24 (1.05%) FTP
9 23 (1.01%) IPsec
10 20 (0.87%) DSL
10 20 (0.87%) Wireshark
11 19 (0.83%) HTTPS
12 13 (0.57%) IPv4
12 13 (0.57%) IPv6
12 13 (0.57%) UPnP
12 13 (0.57%) VPN
13 12 (0.52%) Wireless
14 11 (0.48%) SSH
15 10 (0.44%) Broadband
16 9 (0.39%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 299 (13.08%) SQL Server
2 152 (6.65%) PostgreSQL
3 148 (6.47%) Relational Database
4 141 (6.17%) Big Data
5 140 (6.12%) NoSQL
6 129 (5.64%) MySQL
7 116 (5.07%) MongoDB
8 99 (4.33%) Amazon RDS
9 89 (3.89%) Hadoop
10 83 (3.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 76 (3.32%) Data Lake
12 74 (3.24%) Data Warehouse
13 67 (2.93%) Power BI
14 43 (1.88%) Redis
15 38 (1.66%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 38 (1.66%) Amazon Redshift
16 37 (1.62%) Apache Hive
17 34 (1.49%) Apache Cassandra
18 31 (1.36%) Oracle Database
19 30 (1.31%) HDInsight
Development Applications
1 832 (36.40%) Jenkins
2 719 (31.45%) Git (software)
3 300 (13.12%) JIRA
4 216 (9.45%) Selenium
5 189 (8.27%) Maven
6 184 (8.05%) Cucumber
6 184 (8.05%) JUnit
7 120 (5.25%) Mockito
8 117 (5.12%) TeamCity
9 98 (4.29%) SonarQube
10 92 (4.02%) Octopus Deploy
11 88 (3.85%) Visual Studio
12 85 (3.72%) Team Foundation Server
13 84 (3.67%) GitLab
14 82 (3.59%) Visual Studio Team System
15 74 (3.24%) Subversion
16 70 (3.06%) Sonatype Nexus
17 67 (2.93%) Bitbucket
18 62 (2.71%) DbUnit
18 62 (2.71%) jMock
General
1 380 (16.62%) Finance
2 141 (6.17%) Banking
3 134 (5.86%) Public Sector
4 72 (3.15%) Retail
5 65 (2.84%) Front Office
6 35 (1.53%) Marketing
7 27 (1.18%) Games
8 26 (1.14%) Back Office
8 26 (1.14%) Investment Banking
9 24 (1.05%) Military
10 20 (0.87%) Telecoms
11 19 (0.83%) Legal
12 16 (0.70%) Manufacturing
13 12 (0.52%) Financial Institution
14 10 (0.44%) Automotive
14 10 (0.44%) Electronics
15 6 (0.26%) Law
15 6 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
16 5 (0.22%) Advertising
16 5 (0.22%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,079 (47.20%) Developer
2 306 (13.39%) DevOps Engineer
3 292 (12.77%) Java Developer
4 158 (6.91%) C# Developer
5 145 (6.34%) Senior Developer
6 125 (5.47%) .NET Developer
7 122 (5.34%) Architect
8 110 (4.81%) Full Stack Developer
9 89 (3.89%) Data Engineer
10 86 (3.76%) Software Engineer
11 80 (3.50%) Python Developer
11 80 (3.50%) React Developer
12 78 (3.41%) Tester
13 75 (3.28%) Azure Engineer
14 74 (3.24%) AWS Engineer
15 68 (2.97%) C# .NET Developer
16 67 (2.93%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 66 (2.89%) Cloud Engineer
18 63 (2.76%) JavaScript Developer
19 57 (2.49%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 416 (18.20%) .NET
2 399 (17.45%) HTML
3 392 (17.15%) CSS
4 331 (14.48%) Web Services
5 311 (13.60%) AngularJS
6 301 (13.17%) RESTful
7 297 (12.99%) Spring
8 265 (11.59%) REST
9 262 (11.46%) React
10 226 (9.89%) Node.js
11 200 (8.75%) JSON
12 163 (7.13%) XML
13 151 (6.61%) HTML5
14 150 (6.56%) Kafka
15 145 (6.34%) SOAP
16 128 (5.60%) Spring Boot
17 113 (4.94%) Vue.js
18 102 (4.46%) Sass
19 91 (3.98%) CSS3
20 88 (3.85%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 207 (9.06%) Analytical Skills
2 139 (6.08%) User Experience
3 86 (3.76%) Greenfield Project
4 83 (3.63%) Mobile App
5 68 (2.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 57 (2.49%) Enterprise Software
7 56 (2.45%) Linux Command Line
8 52 (2.27%) Public Cloud
9 45 (1.97%) Equities
10 42 (1.84%) Hedge funds
11 37 (1.62%) Data Structures
12 33 (1.44%) Management Information System
12 33 (1.44%) PKI
13 30 (1.31%) Fixed Income
14 29 (1.27%) Cloud Native
14 29 (1.27%) Self-Motivation
15 24 (1.05%) Algorithms
16 22 (0.96%) Virtual Team
17 20 (0.87%) Derivative
18 18 (0.79%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 490 (21.43%) Linux
2 261 (11.42%) Windows
3 180 (7.87%) Unix
4 77 (3.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 69 (3.02%) Apple iOS
6 68 (2.97%) Android
7 61 (2.67%) Windows Server
8 47 (2.06%) CentOS
9 35 (1.53%) Ubuntu
10 25 (1.09%) Debian
11 23 (1.01%) Mac OS X
12 12 (0.52%) Solaris
13 9 (0.39%) Mac OS
14 6 (0.26%) DC/OS
14 6 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
15 5 (0.22%) tvOS
16 3 (0.13%) CoreOS
16 3 (0.13%) VMS
16 3 (0.13%) Windows 10
17 2 (0.087%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,449 (63.39%) Agile Software Development
2 902 (39.46%) DevOps
3 702 (30.71%) TDD
4 676 (29.57%) Test Automation
5 600 (26.25%) Scrum
6 416 (18.20%) Continuous Delivery
7 415 (18.15%) Microservices
8 357 (15.62%) BDD
9 285 (12.47%) Open Source
10 282 (12.34%) Software Engineering
11 269 (11.77%) Kanban
12 255 (11.15%) Problem-Solving
13 244 (10.67%) Infrastructure as Code
14 231 (10.10%) Continuous Deployment
15 214 (9.36%) Configuration Management
16 202 (8.84%) OO
17 194 (8.49%) Analytics
18 188 (8.22%) Mentoring
19 182 (7.96%) Unit Testing
20 178 (7.79%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 794 (34.73%) Java
2 586 (25.63%) JavaScript
3 531 (23.23%) Python
4 485 (21.22%) SQL
5 439 (19.20%) C#
6 194 (8.49%) Ruby
7 187 (8.18%) Bash Shell
8 175 (7.66%) PowerShell
9 165 (7.22%) Scala
10 105 (4.59%) C
11 92 (4.02%) Java 8
12 89 (3.89%) Groovy
13 85 (3.72%) Go
14 76 (3.32%) C++
15 73 (3.19%) TypeScript
16 60 (2.62%) Shell Script
17 45 (1.97%) PHP
18 43 (1.88%) Kotlin
19 39 (1.71%) PL/SQL
20 38 (1.66%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 293 (12.82%) Security Cleared
2 235 (10.28%) SC Cleared
3 156 (6.82%) Degree
4 55 (2.41%) Computer Science Degree
5 48 (2.10%) ISTQB
6 47 (2.06%) DV Cleared
7 32 (1.40%) BPSS Clearance
8 29 (1.27%) ISEB
9 15 (0.66%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 14 (0.61%) AWS Certification
11 13 (0.57%) Master's Degree
12 12 (0.52%) Microsoft Certification
13 11 (0.48%) Cisco Certification
14 10 (0.44%) CCNA
14 10 (0.44%) DBS Check
15 7 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
16 3 (0.13%) CISM
16 3 (0.13%) CISSP
16 3 (0.13%) PMP
16 3 (0.13%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 179 (7.83%) QA
2 26 (1.14%) WCAG
3 17 (0.74%) MiFID
4 9 (0.39%) Data Quality
5 8 (0.35%) SLA
6 7 (0.31%) NCSC
7 5 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
8 4 (0.17%) HL7
9 3 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 3 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 3 (0.13%) NIST
10 2 (0.087%) GDPR
10 2 (0.087%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.087%) PMO
11 1 (0.044%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.044%) ISO 8583
11 1 (0.044%) MISRA
11 1 (0.044%) MISRA C
11 1 (0.044%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 468 (20.47%) Docker
2 78 (3.41%) VMware Infrastructure
3 75 (3.28%) Virtual Machines
4 47 (2.06%) Postfix
5 40 (1.75%) Active Directory
6 33 (1.44%) HDFS
7 31 (1.36%) vSphere
8 21 (0.92%) Xen
9 12 (0.52%) VirtualBox
10 9 (0.39%) VMware NSX
11 7 (0.31%) Hyper-V
12 6 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 5 (0.22%) Firmware
14 3 (0.13%) Apache Flume
14 3 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
15 2 (0.087%) NFS
15 2 (0.087%) Oracle RAC
15 2 (0.087%) vCloud
16 1 (0.044%) Microsoft Virtual Server
16 1 (0.044%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 350 (15.31%) Kubernetes
2 304 (13.30%) Ansible
3 284 (12.42%) Terraform
4 166 (7.26%) Puppet
5 104 (4.55%) Opscode Chef
6 57 (2.49%) Kibana
7 45 (1.97%) Grafana
8 44 (1.92%) Packer
9 43 (1.88%) Prometheus
10 25 (1.09%) Docker Swarm
10 25 (1.09%) Rancher
11 24 (1.05%) Hadoop YARN
12 18 (0.79%) logstash
13 14 (0.61%) vRealize Orchestrator
14 11 (0.48%) Control-M
15 9 (0.39%) Salt
16 8 (0.35%) Consul
16 8 (0.35%) HP ALM
16 8 (0.35%) HP Quality Center
17 7 (0.31%) Nagios
Vendors
1 382 (16.71%) Microsoft
2 217 (9.49%) Google
3 167 (7.31%) Oracle
4 106 (4.64%) VMware
5 59 (2.58%) Red Hat
6 54 (2.36%) Atlassian
7 44 (1.92%) Hortonworks
7 44 (1.92%) IBM
8 34 (1.49%) SAP
9 32 (1.40%) Splunk
10 31 (1.36%) Cloudera
10 31 (1.36%) Remedy
11 29 (1.27%) Databricks
11 29 (1.27%) Tableau
12 28 (1.22%) Apple
12 28 (1.22%) Cisco
12 28 (1.22%) Informatica
12 28 (1.22%) Talend
13 27 (1.18%) Salesforce.com
13 27 (1.18%) Sitecore