Period
to 4 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 4 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
4 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 72 58 44
Rank change year-on-year -14 -14 -6
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 1,228 2,291 4,642
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.15% 3.76% 5.17%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.63% 4.40% 5.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,079 1,651 3,174
Median daily rate £510 £525 £508
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.86% +3.45% +1.50%
10th Percentile £360 £375 £375
90th Percentile £674 £688 £663
UK median daily rate £500 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 28 7
Median hourly rate £45.00 £72.50 £60.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -37.93% +20.83% +20.00%
10th Percentile £22.98 £16.00 £38.65
90th Percentile £68.00 £78.75 £64.75
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £72.50 £53.75
% change year-on-year -37.93% +34.88% +7.50%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 33,834 52,027 78,801
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.91% 85.49% 87.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,114 35,263 53,677
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £300 £288 £300
90th Percentile £675 £656 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,133 1,533 1,885
Median hourly rate £26.00 £21.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +23.81% -4.55% -2.22%
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.25 £11.45
90th Percentile £58.75 £53.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate £26.65 £21.46 £22.43
% change year-on-year +24.20% -4.34% +1.95%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 4 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 4 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 4 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 701 £535 -2.73% 263
South East +13 169 £500 - 87
North of England -27 116 £500 +5.26% 149
North West -1 71 £501 +11.39% 93
Midlands -18 65 £413 -10.33% 56
South West +23 64 £525 +5.00% 82
East of England -7 35 £500 +11.00% 48
Yorkshire -37 35 £475 - 42
East Midlands +30 30 £413 +26.92% 17
West Midlands -39 28 £432 -9.05% 38
North East +3 10 £450 - 14
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 4 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 813 (66.21%) Agile Software Development
2 522 (42.51%) Java
3 487 (39.66%) DevOps
4 431 (35.10%) Jenkins
5 372 (30.29%) Test Automation
6 350 (28.50%) TDD
7 342 (27.85%) Git (software)
8 327 (26.63%) JavaScript
9 305 (24.84%) Microservices
10 304 (24.76%) Scrum
11 301 (24.51%) AWS
12 298 (24.27%) Linux
13 297 (24.19%) Python
14 285 (23.21%) Azure
15 270 (21.99%) SQL
16 269 (21.91%) Continuous Delivery
17 242 (19.71%) JIRA
18 239 (19.46%) Docker
19 234 (19.06%) Kubernetes
20 226 (18.40%) Spring
21 213 (17.35%) Finance
22 195 (15.88%) Software Engineering
23 194 (15.80%) Security Cleared
24 183 (14.90%) REST
25 181 (14.74%) RESTful
26 179 (14.58%) HTML
27 170 (13.84%) .NET
28 168 (13.68%) Continuous Deployment
29 167 (13.60%) Ansible
30 165 (13.44%) BDD

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 113 (9.20%) Confluence
2 55 (4.48%) Apache
3 50 (4.07%) WebSphere
4 43 (3.50%) Red Hat Fuse
5 38 (3.09%) Tomcat
6 37 (3.01%) JBoss
7 34 (2.77%) SharePoint
8 31 (2.52%) Apache Spark
9 27 (2.20%) WebLogic
10 25 (2.04%) Elasticsearch
11 20 (1.63%) nginx
12 19 (1.55%) Cloud Foundry
13 14 (1.14%) WebSphere Application Server
14 13 (1.06%) CMS
15 12 (0.98%) Jetty
16 10 (0.81%) Apache ServiceMix
16 10 (0.81%) BizTalk Server
17 9 (0.73%) Camunda
17 9 (0.73%) IIS
17 9 (0.73%) Mule
Applications
1 30 (2.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 24 (1.95%) Microsoft Office
3 23 (1.87%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.41%) Sketch
5 3 (0.24%) InVision
5 3 (0.24%) Zeplin
6 2 (0.16%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.16%) Figma
6 2 (0.16%) Simulink
7 1 (0.081%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.081%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.081%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.081%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 9 (0.73%) Magento
2 6 (0.49%) SAP FI-CA
3 4 (0.33%) SAP PSCD
3 4 (0.33%) Shopify
4 3 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.24%) Infor M3
4 3 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.24%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.081%) Exstream
6 1 (0.081%) Maximo
6 1 (0.081%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.081%) Summit
6 1 (0.081%) Teamcenter
6 1 (0.081%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 301 (24.51%) AWS
2 285 (23.21%) Azure
3 131 (10.67%) GitHub
4 88 (7.17%) PaaS
5 65 (5.29%) Serverless
6 63 (5.13%) GCP
7 61 (4.97%) IaaS
8 58 (4.72%) SaaS
9 48 (3.91%) AWS CloudFormation
10 40 (3.26%) Power Platform
11 38 (3.09%) AWS Lambda
12 35 (2.85%) Amazon S3
13 33 (2.69%) Amazon ECS
14 32 (2.61%) Azure Active Directory
15 29 (2.36%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 28 (2.28%) Amazon EC2
16 28 (2.28%) OpenShift
17 25 (2.04%) Boomi
18 23 (1.87%) Cloud Computing
19 18 (1.47%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 46 (3.75%) HTTP
2 45 (3.66%) Firewall
3 44 (3.58%) TCP/IP
4 37 (3.01%) DNS
5 36 (2.93%) VLAN
6 32 (2.61%) VPN
7 27 (2.20%) LAN
7 27 (2.20%) SNMP
7 27 (2.20%) WAN
8 26 (2.12%) DHCP
9 20 (1.63%) IPsec
9 20 (1.63%) SSL
10 19 (1.55%) Reverse Proxy
11 18 (1.47%) POP3
11 18 (1.47%) SMTP
12 14 (1.14%) Multicast
13 12 (0.98%) DECT
13 12 (0.98%) Wi-Fi
14 11 (0.90%) Internet
15 10 (0.81%) PPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 117 (9.53%) Relational Database
2 93 (7.57%) SQL Server
3 71 (5.78%) NoSQL
4 66 (5.37%) MongoDB
5 61 (4.97%) PostgreSQL
6 44 (3.58%) MySQL
7 41 (3.34%) Redis
8 40 (3.26%) Hadoop
9 38 (3.09%) Big Data
10 34 (2.77%) Power BI
11 33 (2.69%) RDBMS
12 27 (2.20%) Data Lake
12 27 (2.20%) Data Warehouse
13 26 (2.12%) Apache Hive
13 26 (2.12%) Azure SQL Database
14 25 (2.04%) Oracle Database
15 21 (1.71%) Amazon RDS
16 19 (1.55%) HBase
16 19 (1.55%) SQLite
17 18 (1.47%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 431 (35.10%) Jenkins
2 342 (27.85%) Git (software)
3 242 (19.71%) JIRA
4 120 (9.77%) GitLab
5 115 (9.36%) Maven
6 108 (8.79%) Selenium
7 96 (7.82%) JUnit
8 82 (6.68%) Cucumber
9 62 (5.05%) Gradle
10 52 (4.23%) Sonatype Nexus
11 48 (3.91%) Mockito
11 48 (3.91%) TeamCity
12 46 (3.75%) Bitbucket
13 45 (3.66%) SonarQube
14 43 (3.50%) JMeter
15 40 (3.26%) Ant
15 40 (3.26%) Visual Studio
16 39 (3.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 32 (2.61%) Octopus Deploy
18 31 (2.52%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 213 (17.35%) Finance
2 118 (9.61%) Banking
3 80 (6.51%) Public Sector
4 37 (3.01%) Retail
5 23 (1.87%) Marketing
6 21 (1.71%) Investment Banking
7 19 (1.55%) Games
8 18 (1.47%) Front Office
9 17 (1.38%) Telecoms
10 15 (1.22%) Automotive
11 13 (1.06%) Pharmaceutical
12 10 (0.81%) Electronics
13 9 (0.73%) Billing
13 9 (0.73%) Manufacturing
14 7 (0.57%) Back Office
15 6 (0.49%) Advertising
16 5 (0.41%) Law
16 5 (0.41%) Legal
16 5 (0.41%) Retail Banking
17 4 (0.33%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 571 (46.50%) Developer
2 165 (13.44%) Java Developer
3 142 (11.56%) DevOps Engineer
4 108 (8.79%) Architect
5 99 (8.06%) Senior Developer
6 77 (6.27%) Full Stack Developer
7 49 (3.99%) .NET Developer
7 49 (3.99%) AWS Developer
8 46 (3.75%) Software Engineer
9 42 (3.42%) Solutions Architect
10 41 (3.34%) Tester
11 39 (3.18%) Consultant
12 37 (3.01%) Senior Java Developer
13 34 (2.77%) AWS Engineer
14 33 (2.69%) Azure Engineer
15 32 (2.61%) Android Developer
16 31 (2.52%) AWS DevOps
17 30 (2.44%) Python Developer
17 30 (2.44%) React Developer
18 29 (2.36%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 226 (18.40%) Spring
2 183 (14.90%) REST
3 181 (14.74%) RESTful
4 179 (14.58%) HTML
5 170 (13.84%) .NET
6 147 (11.97%) AngularJS
7 144 (11.73%) React
8 143 (11.64%) Node.js
9 142 (11.56%) Web Services
10 138 (11.24%) CSS
11 118 (9.61%) JSON
11 118 (9.61%) XML
12 111 (9.04%) Spring Boot
13 105 (8.55%) HTML5
14 74 (6.03%) jQuery
15 72 (5.86%) Kafka
16 67 (5.46%) Hibernate
17 55 (4.48%) SOAP
18 51 (4.15%) JMS
18 51 (4.15%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 85 (6.92%) Analytical Skills
2 78 (6.35%) Enterprise Software
3 56 (4.56%) Mobile App
3 56 (4.56%) User Experience
4 49 (3.99%) Greenfield Project
5 44 (3.58%) Clustering
6 38 (3.09%) Public Cloud
7 37 (3.01%) Data Structures
8 36 (2.93%) Algorithms
8 36 (2.93%) Self-Motivation
9 28 (2.28%) Linux Command Line
10 24 (1.95%) Management Information System
11 23 (1.87%) Embedded Systems
12 20 (1.63%) Cloud Native
13 19 (1.55%) Private Cloud
14 17 (1.38%) N-Tier
15 16 (1.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 15 (1.22%) Credit Risk
17 13 (1.06%) Data Centre
17 13 (1.06%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 298 (24.27%) Linux
2 154 (12.54%) Windows
3 88 (7.17%) Android
4 69 (5.62%) Unix
5 50 (4.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 43 (3.50%) Windows Server
7 40 (3.26%) Apple iOS
8 27 (2.20%) CentOS
9 16 (1.30%) OpenWrt
9 16 (1.30%) Windows 10
10 14 (1.14%) Windows Server 2016
11 11 (0.90%) Ubuntu
12 6 (0.49%) Solaris
13 5 (0.41%) Mac OS X
14 4 (0.33%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.24%) Embedded Linux
16 2 (0.16%) tvOS
16 2 (0.16%) VMS
16 2 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
16 2 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 813 (66.21%) Agile Software Development
2 487 (39.66%) DevOps
3 372 (30.29%) Test Automation
4 350 (28.50%) TDD
5 305 (24.84%) Microservices
6 304 (24.76%) Scrum
7 269 (21.91%) Continuous Delivery
8 195 (15.88%) Software Engineering
9 168 (13.68%) Continuous Deployment
10 165 (13.44%) BDD
11 161 (13.11%) Problem-Solving
12 141 (11.48%) Open Source
13 130 (10.59%) Unit Testing
14 128 (10.42%) SDLC
15 120 (9.77%) Mentoring
16 119 (9.69%) OO
17 117 (9.53%) Configuration Management
17 117 (9.53%) Infrastructure as Code
18 111 (9.04%) Kanban
19 103 (8.39%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 522 (42.51%) Java
2 327 (26.63%) JavaScript
3 297 (24.19%) Python
4 270 (21.99%) SQL
5 161 (13.11%) C#
6 116 (9.45%) PowerShell
7 99 (8.06%) Bash Shell
8 96 (7.82%) TypeScript
9 92 (7.49%) Java 8
10 77 (6.27%) Ruby
11 76 (6.19%) Scala
12 71 (5.78%) Kotlin
13 69 (5.62%) C++
14 59 (4.80%) Shell Script
15 58 (4.72%) C
16 47 (3.83%) Go
17 43 (3.50%) PL/SQL
18 37 (3.01%) Perl
19 26 (2.12%) ES6
19 26 (2.12%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 194 (15.80%) Security Cleared
2 141 (11.48%) SC Cleared
3 103 (8.39%) Degree
4 43 (3.50%) DV Cleared
5 42 (3.42%) Computer Science Degree
6 28 (2.28%) Microsoft Certification
7 25 (2.04%) Master's Degree
8 22 (1.79%) CCNA
8 22 (1.79%) Cisco Certification
9 20 (1.63%) AWS Certification
9 20 (1.63%) CCNP
10 15 (1.22%) ISEB
11 12 (0.98%) ISTQB
12 8 (0.65%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 6 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
14 4 (0.33%) PhD
14 4 (0.33%) RHCE
14 4 (0.33%) RHCSA
14 4 (0.33%) RHCVA
14 4 (0.33%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 115 (9.36%) QA
2 12 (0.98%) JTAG
3 10 (0.81%) WCAG
4 7 (0.57%) MiFID
5 5 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 12207
6 3 (0.24%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.24%) GDPR
7 2 (0.16%) ISO 9000
7 2 (0.16%) PMO
7 2 (0.16%) SLA
8 1 (0.081%) HL7
8 1 (0.081%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 239 (19.46%) Docker
2 54 (4.40%) VMware Infrastructure
3 39 (3.18%) Active Directory
4 22 (1.79%) HDFS
5 19 (1.55%) Virtual Machines
6 14 (1.14%) vSphere
7 6 (0.49%) Hyper-V
7 6 (0.49%) Xen
8 5 (0.41%) VMware NSX
9 4 (0.33%) Firmware
9 4 (0.33%) KVM
9 4 (0.33%) NFS
9 4 (0.33%) Oracle RAC
9 4 (0.33%) SRDF
9 4 (0.33%) VirtualBox
10 3 (0.24%) Varnish
11 2 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 2 (0.16%) Postfix
11 2 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
11 2 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 234 (19.06%) Kubernetes
2 167 (13.60%) Ansible
3 161 (13.11%) Terraform
4 79 (6.43%) Puppet
5 68 (5.54%) Opscode Chef
6 54 (4.40%) Prometheus
7 41 (3.34%) Grafana
8 26 (2.12%) Kibana
9 20 (1.63%) Istio
10 15 (1.22%) Packer
11 12 (0.98%) ZABBIX
12 9 (0.73%) Hadoop YARN
12 9 (0.73%) Zipkin
13 8 (0.65%) HP Quality Center
13 8 (0.65%) Oozie
13 8 (0.65%) Salt
14 7 (0.57%) Rancher
15 6 (0.49%) Consul
15 6 (0.49%) HAProxy
15 6 (0.49%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 162 (13.19%) Microsoft
2 140 (11.40%) Oracle
3 59 (4.80%) Atlassian
4 55 (4.48%) VMware
5 49 (3.99%) Red Hat
6 47 (3.83%) Google
7 46 (3.75%) Splunk
8 37 (3.01%) Dell
9 27 (2.20%) SAP
10 25 (2.04%) Cisco
11 22 (1.79%) Salesforce.com
11 22 (1.79%) Talend
12 21 (1.71%) MuleSoft
13 20 (1.63%) AppDynamics
14 18 (1.47%) HP
14 18 (1.47%) webMethods
15 16 (1.30%) New Relic
16 13 (1.06%) Axway
17 12 (0.98%) CheckPoint
17 12 (0.98%) EMC