Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 41 43 46
Rank change year-on-year +2 +3 +16
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 5,201 4,777 4,253
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.41% 5.06% 4.45%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.24% 5.88% 5.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,539 3,440 2,975
England median daily rate £500 £500 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.17% +6.67%
10th Percentile £369 £355 £342
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 58 25
England median hourly rate £35.00 £49.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -29.29% +32.00% -5.66%
10th Percentile £25.85 £35.35 £35.30
90th Percentile £58.06 £63.75 £46.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £49.50 £38.50
% change year-on-year -29.29% +28.57% -14.44%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 83,390 81,175 81,707
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.77% 86.06% 85.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 55,927 54,662 54,273
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £300 £283 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,095 1,892 2,265
England median hourly rate £22.00 £24.69 £22.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.88% +8.10% +3.80%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.98 £47.79
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -8.33% +6.67% +2.27%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 2,828 £525 - 599
South East +1 819 £500 +11.73% 198
North of England +8 666 £450 +5.88% 211
Midlands +3 405 £450 - 111
North West +11 335 £450 -5.26% 118
West Midlands +9 319 £466 -1.84% 79
South West +3 249 £425 +0.83% 109
East of England -14 226 £500 +11.11% 85
Yorkshire -9 216 £438 +2.94% 63
North East +5 121 £500 +5.26% 30
East Midlands -8 83 £405 +12.11% 32
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3,667 (70.51%) Agile Software Development
2 2,169 (41.70%) Jenkins
3 2,138 (41.11%) Java
4 2,034 (39.11%) TDD
5 1,876 (36.07%) DevOps
6 1,711 (32.90%) Test Automation
7 1,706 (32.80%) Git (software)
8 1,556 (29.92%) Scrum
9 1,468 (28.23%) Amazon AWS
10 1,355 (26.05%) JavaScript
11 1,163 (22.36%) Linux
12 1,088 (20.92%) BDD
13 1,053 (20.25%) Docker
14 1,014 (19.50%) Python
15 994 (19.11%) C#
16 969 (18.63%) Microsoft Azure
17 957 (18.40%) SQL
18 954 (18.34%) Ansible
19 941 (18.09%) .NET
20 932 (17.92%) Continuous Delivery
21 928 (17.84%) Microservices
22 899 (17.29%) JIRA
23 890 (17.11%) Puppet
24 821 (15.79%) CSS
25 819 (15.75%) Finance
26 804 (15.46%) Web Services
27 771 (14.82%) REST
28 750 (14.42%) Kanban
29 748 (14.38%) HTML
30 717 (13.79%) Spring

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 565 (10.86%) Confluence
2 355 (6.83%) Tomcat
3 292 (5.61%) WebSphere
4 269 (5.17%) Apache
5 239 (4.60%) WebLogic
6 236 (4.54%) Elasticsearch
7 205 (3.94%) OpenStack
8 171 (3.29%) nginx
9 136 (2.61%) Apache Spark
10 117 (2.25%) CMS
11 108 (2.08%) IIS
12 97 (1.87%) JBoss
13 62 (1.19%) Jetty
14 60 (1.15%) Cloud Foundry
15 59 (1.13%) SharePoint
16 46 (0.88%) Mongrel
17 41 (0.79%) Apache Solr
18 40 (0.77%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 39 (0.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 32 (0.62%) Drupal
Applications
1 113 (2.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 43 (0.83%) MS Visio
3 19 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
4 16 (0.31%) Photoshop
5 10 (0.19%) Fireworks
6 9 (0.17%) Microsoft Office
7 5 (0.096%) Adobe Illustrator
7 5 (0.096%) Chatbot
7 5 (0.096%) InVision
8 4 (0.077%) Microsoft Project
9 3 (0.058%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 2 (0.038%) GIMP
11 1 (0.019%) HipChat
11 1 (0.019%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 59 (1.13%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.13%) Sentinel
3 6 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
3 6 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
3 6 (0.12%) Oracle FAH
4 5 (0.096%) SAP FI-CA
4 5 (0.096%) SAP PSCD
5 4 (0.077%) Oracle BPM
5 4 (0.077%) SAP Hybris
5 4 (0.077%) thinkFolio
6 3 (0.058%) ION MarketView
6 3 (0.058%) Unit4 Business World
7 2 (0.038%) Bloomberg AIM
7 2 (0.038%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.038%) Eagle PACE
7 2 (0.038%) Global One
7 2 (0.038%) Oracle Cash Management
7 2 (0.038%) R3 Corda
7 2 (0.038%) SAP S/4HANA
8 1 (0.019%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 1,468 (28.23%) Amazon AWS
2 969 (18.63%) Microsoft Azure
3 405 (7.79%) GitHub
4 262 (5.04%) Amazon EC2
5 247 (4.75%) Google Cloud Platform
6 160 (3.08%) PaaS
7 149 (2.86%) AWS CloudFormation
8 137 (2.63%) Amazon S3
9 121 (2.33%) SaaS
10 117 (2.25%) IaaS
11 115 (2.21%) Cloud Computing
12 111 (2.13%) Serverless
13 98 (1.88%) OpenShift
14 88 (1.69%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 75 (1.44%) AWS Lambda
15 75 (1.44%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 69 (1.33%) Slack
17 65 (1.25%) Google Analytics
18 56 (1.08%) Datadog
19 55 (1.06%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 365 (7.02%) HTTP
2 179 (3.44%) TCP/IP
3 166 (3.19%) SSL
4 133 (2.56%) DNS
5 101 (1.94%) Firewall
6 90 (1.73%) Internet
7 67 (1.29%) DHCP
8 58 (1.12%) FTP
8 58 (1.12%) IPsec
9 34 (0.65%) Reverse Proxy
10 27 (0.52%) Kerberos
10 27 (0.52%) Software-Defined Networking
11 24 (0.46%) VPN
12 19 (0.37%) SSH
13 18 (0.35%) HTTPS
14 14 (0.27%) Broadband
15 13 (0.25%) Wireless
16 12 (0.23%) Skype
17 11 (0.21%) OpenVPN
17 11 (0.21%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 586 (11.27%) NoSQL
2 551 (10.59%) SQL Server
3 497 (9.56%) PostgreSQL
4 396 (7.61%) MySQL
5 342 (6.58%) MongoDB
6 336 (6.46%) Relational Database
7 225 (4.33%) Hadoop
8 210 (4.04%) Big Data
9 137 (2.63%) RDBMS
10 121 (2.33%) Apache Cassandra
11 98 (1.88%) Data Warehouse
12 88 (1.69%) Apache Hive
13 84 (1.62%) Amazon RDS
14 71 (1.37%) Oracle Database
14 71 (1.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 70 (1.35%) Redis
16 66 (1.27%) Impala
17 60 (1.15%) HBase
18 58 (1.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 57 (1.10%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 2,169 (41.70%) Jenkins
2 1,706 (32.80%) Git (software)
3 899 (17.29%) JIRA
4 695 (13.36%) Selenium
5 591 (11.36%) Maven
6 483 (9.29%) Cucumber
7 449 (8.63%) TeamCity
8 445 (8.56%) JUnit
9 325 (6.25%) Subversion
10 277 (5.33%) NUnit
11 217 (4.17%) MSTest
12 208 (4.00%) Visual Studio Team System
13 205 (3.94%) Bitbucket
14 203 (3.90%) Gradle
15 199 (3.83%) Team Foundation Server
16 195 (3.75%) JMeter
17 185 (3.56%) Octopus Deploy
18 182 (3.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 178 (3.42%) GitLab
20 177 (3.40%) SonarQube
General
1 819 (15.75%) Finance
2 397 (7.63%) Banking
3 202 (3.88%) Retail
4 165 (3.17%) Front Office
5 114 (2.19%) Investment Banking
6 77 (1.48%) Marketing
7 74 (1.42%) Games
8 58 (1.12%) Back Office
9 51 (0.98%) Telecoms
10 49 (0.94%) Financial Institution
11 46 (0.88%) Manufacturing
12 43 (0.83%) Electronics
13 34 (0.65%) Advertising
14 31 (0.60%) Law
15 29 (0.56%) Publishing
16 20 (0.38%) Legal
17 17 (0.33%) Retail Banking
18 16 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
19 10 (0.19%) Online Betting
20 9 (0.17%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 2,639 (50.74%) Developer
2 894 (17.19%) Java Developer
3 809 (15.55%) DevOps Engineer
4 388 (7.46%) Senior Developer
5 355 (6.83%) .NET Developer
6 321 (6.17%) C# Developer
7 288 (5.54%) Architect
8 226 (4.35%) Tester
9 196 (3.77%) Full Stack Developer
10 184 (3.54%) Senior Java Developer
11 176 (3.38%) Agile Developer
12 167 (3.21%) React Developer
13 163 (3.13%) Software Engineer
14 152 (2.92%) C# .NET Developer
15 150 (2.88%) JavaScript Developer
16 148 (2.85%) Automation Tester
17 147 (2.83%) Test Engineer
18 136 (2.61%) AWS Engineer
19 135 (2.60%) Java Engineer
20 130 (2.50%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 941 (18.09%) .NET
2 821 (15.79%) CSS
3 804 (15.46%) Web Services
4 771 (14.82%) REST
5 748 (14.38%) HTML
6 717 (13.79%) Spring
7 678 (13.04%) AngularJS
8 673 (12.94%) RESTful
9 572 (11.00%) Node.js
10 488 (9.38%) JSON
11 454 (8.73%) React
12 441 (8.48%) HTML5
13 376 (7.23%) Spring Boot
14 344 (6.61%) SOAP
15 320 (6.15%) ASP.NET
16 282 (5.42%) XML
17 262 (5.04%) CSS3
18 261 (5.02%) jQuery
19 258 (4.96%) Kafka
20 256 (4.92%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 350 (6.73%) Analytical Skills
2 280 (5.38%) User Experience
3 245 (4.71%) Greenfield Project
4 169 (3.25%) Mobile App
5 120 (2.31%) Enterprise Software
6 114 (2.19%) Public Cloud
7 113 (2.17%) Self-Motivation
8 102 (1.96%) Fixed Income
9 96 (1.85%) Algorithms
9 96 (1.85%) Fintech
10 94 (1.81%) Hedge funds
11 79 (1.52%) Linux Command Line
12 73 (1.40%) Virtual Team
13 70 (1.35%) Wiki
14 69 (1.33%) Data Structures
15 55 (1.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 51 (0.98%) Management Information System
17 50 (0.96%) Derivative
18 45 (0.87%) Equities
19 40 (0.77%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 1,163 (22.36%) Linux
2 582 (11.19%) Windows
3 471 (9.06%) Unix
4 165 (3.17%) Android
5 159 (3.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 151 (2.90%) Apple iOS
7 139 (2.67%) Windows Server
8 118 (2.27%) Ubuntu
9 94 (1.81%) CentOS
10 37 (0.71%) Mac OS X
11 27 (0.52%) Mac OS
11 27 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
12 26 (0.50%) Solaris
13 19 (0.37%) VMS
14 17 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
15 16 (0.31%) Debian
16 13 (0.25%) Fedora
17 9 (0.17%) DC/OS
18 8 (0.15%) CoreOS
19 7 (0.13%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,667 (70.51%) Agile Software Development
2 2,034 (39.11%) TDD
3 1,876 (36.07%) DevOps
4 1,711 (32.90%) Test Automation
5 1,556 (29.92%) Scrum
6 1,088 (20.92%) BDD
7 932 (17.92%) Continuous Delivery
8 928 (17.84%) Microservices
9 750 (14.42%) Kanban
10 683 (13.13%) Configuration Management
11 650 (12.50%) OO
12 606 (11.65%) Continuous Deployment
13 596 (11.46%) Open Source
13 596 (11.46%) Software Engineering
14 516 (9.92%) Problem-Solving
15 514 (9.88%) MVC
16 433 (8.33%) Pair Programming
17 427 (8.21%) Unit Testing
18 413 (7.94%) Deployment Automation
19 407 (7.83%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,138 (41.11%) Java
2 1,355 (26.05%) JavaScript
3 1,014 (19.50%) Python
4 994 (19.11%) C#
5 957 (18.40%) SQL
6 451 (8.67%) Ruby
7 350 (6.73%) Bash Shell
8 295 (5.67%) Scala
9 279 (5.36%) Java 8
10 268 (5.15%) PowerShell
11 248 (4.77%) Shell Script
12 232 (4.46%) Perl
13 201 (3.86%) Groovy
14 159 (3.06%) PHP
15 143 (2.75%) C++
16 130 (2.50%) TypeScript
17 117 (2.25%) Go
18 90 (1.73%) C
19 84 (1.62%) Apple Swift
20 73 (1.40%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 397 (7.63%) Security Cleared
2 302 (5.81%) SC Cleared
3 267 (5.13%) Degree
4 122 (2.35%) BPSS Clearance
5 80 (1.54%) ISTQB
6 65 (1.25%) Computer Science Degree
7 53 (1.02%) ISEB
8 41 (0.79%) Numerate Degree
9 33 (0.63%) AWS Certification
10 31 (0.60%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 18 (0.35%) CISSP
12 17 (0.33%) DV Cleared
13 15 (0.29%) Master's Degree
13 15 (0.29%) PhD
14 14 (0.27%) CISM
15 11 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
16 10 (0.19%) BC Cleared
16 10 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
17 9 (0.17%) RHCE
18 8 (0.15%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 412 (7.92%) QA
2 29 (0.56%) WCAG
3 16 (0.31%) GDPR
4 15 (0.29%) PMO
5 14 (0.27%) Data Quality
6 12 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
7 10 (0.19%) SLA
8 7 (0.13%) MiFID
8 7 (0.13%) PCI DSS
9 5 (0.096%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 2 (0.038%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.038%) MISRA
10 2 (0.038%) PSD2
10 2 (0.038%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.038%) Solvency II
11 1 (0.019%) COBIT
11 1 (0.019%) HL7
11 1 (0.019%) IEC 61508
11 1 (0.019%) IEC 62304
11 1 (0.019%) MISRA C
System Software
1 1,053 (20.25%) Docker
2 184 (3.54%) VMware Infrastructure
3 98 (1.88%) Virtual Machines
4 95 (1.83%) HDFS
5 81 (1.56%) vSphere
6 56 (1.08%) Active Directory
7 48 (0.92%) Xen
8 37 (0.71%) VirtualBox
9 35 (0.67%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 32 (0.62%) Hyper-V
11 17 (0.33%) OpenAM
12 15 (0.29%) vCloud
13 11 (0.21%) OpenDJ
14 10 (0.19%) Squid
15 9 (0.17%) etcd
15 9 (0.17%) oVirt
15 9 (0.17%) Postfix
15 9 (0.17%) RHEV
16 7 (0.13%) flannel
16 7 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 954 (18.34%) Ansible
2 890 (17.11%) Puppet
3 611 (11.75%) Opscode Chef
4 566 (10.88%) Kubernetes
5 437 (8.40%) Terraform
6 164 (3.15%) Kibana
7 105 (2.02%) Grafana
8 89 (1.71%) logstash
9 82 (1.58%) Packer
10 70 (1.35%) Hadoop YARN
11 65 (1.25%) Mesos
11 65 (1.25%) Nagios
12 60 (1.15%) Salt
13 56 (1.08%) Docker Swarm
14 41 (0.79%) Prometheus
15 38 (0.73%) Consul
15 38 (0.73%) Marathon
16 37 (0.71%) Rancher
17 35 (0.67%) Single Sign-On
18 33 (0.63%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 602 (11.57%) Oracle
2 522 (10.04%) Microsoft
3 401 (7.71%) Google
4 248 (4.77%) VMware
5 195 (3.75%) Atlassian
6 128 (2.46%) Splunk
7 112 (2.15%) Red Hat
8 82 (1.58%) Adobe
9 77 (1.48%) Cloudera
10 68 (1.31%) New Relic
11 56 (1.08%) SAP
12 49 (0.94%) IBM
13 48 (0.92%) AppDynamics
14 43 (0.83%) Apple
15 41 (0.79%) Dynatrace
16 40 (0.77%) HP
17 34 (0.65%) Salesforce.com
18 33 (0.63%) Tableau
19 29 (0.56%) hybris
20 28 (0.54%) Zend