Period
to 30 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 30 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
30 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 75 55 41
Rank change year-on-year -20 -14 +2
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 879 3,176 5,107
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.14% 4.10% 5.40%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.62% 4.72% 6.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 678 2,130 3,570
Median daily rate £500 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £363 £400 £363
90th Percentile £650 £690 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £520 £500
% change year-on-year -3.85% +4.00% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 17 18
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £40.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -14.11% -14.21%
10th Percentile £27.15 £16.00 £30.43
90th Percentile £49.29 £53.85 £55.91
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - -6.67% -21.05%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 24,303 67,218 82,431
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.69% 86.80% 87.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,605 44,669 55,126
Median daily rate £475 £475 £473
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +0.53% +5.00%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £644
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £455
% change year-on-year - +4.40% +1.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 861 2,034 2,178
Median hourly rate £34.95 £24.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.63% +14.29% -10.64%
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.81 £11.27
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.75 £21.11
% change year-on-year +47.37% +12.51% -11.12%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 30 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 30 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 30 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -27 466 £525 -4.55% 189
South East +8 127 £500 +5.26% 68
North of England -3 125 £475 +0.53% 99
Midlands -9 67 £432 -9.05% 54
North West +6 53 £463 -2.63% 53
Yorkshire -11 48 £475 - 36
West Midlands -5 43 £432 -9.05% 40
South West -18 35 £450 -10.00% 38
East of England -5 29 £494 +9.72% 30
North East +8 24 £475 +11.24% 10
East Midlands +9 21 £488 -7.14% 14
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 30 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 584 (66.44%) Agile Software Development
2 420 (47.78%) DevOps
3 369 (41.98%) Jenkins
4 357 (40.61%) Java
5 331 (37.66%) Git (software)
6 287 (32.65%) Test Automation
7 255 (29.01%) AWS
8 251 (28.56%) TDD
9 243 (27.65%) Continuous Delivery
10 241 (27.42%) Scrum
11 226 (25.71%) Linux
11 226 (25.71%) Python
12 219 (24.91%) Microservices
13 209 (23.78%) Azure
14 201 (22.87%) JavaScript
15 186 (21.16%) Docker
16 184 (20.93%) Kubernetes
17 179 (20.36%) JIRA
18 178 (20.25%) SQL
19 162 (18.43%) Terraform
20 156 (17.75%) Finance
21 155 (17.63%) Spring
22 147 (16.72%) Security Cleared
23 145 (16.50%) REST
24 144 (16.38%) HTML
25 143 (16.27%) BDD
26 138 (15.70%) Ansible
27 134 (15.24%) RESTful
28 128 (14.56%) GitHub
29 124 (14.11%) Selenium

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 96 (10.92%) Confluence
2 47 (5.35%) Apache
3 34 (3.87%) WebLogic
4 32 (3.64%) Mule
5 30 (3.41%) Apache Spark
6 26 (2.96%) Red Hat Fuse
6 26 (2.96%) WebSphere
7 23 (2.62%) Elasticsearch
8 20 (2.28%) Cloud Foundry
9 19 (2.16%) JBoss
10 16 (1.82%) SharePoint
11 15 (1.71%) Tomcat
12 11 (1.25%) OpenStack
13 10 (1.14%) AquaLogic
13 10 (1.14%) nginx
13 10 (1.14%) Oracle Service Bus
14 9 (1.02%) CMS
14 9 (1.02%) WebSphere Application Server
15 7 (0.80%) BizTalk Server
15 7 (0.80%) IIS
Applications
1 21 (2.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (1.25%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (1.14%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.46%) Sketch
5 3 (0.34%) Zeplin
6 2 (0.23%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.11%) InVision
7 1 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.11%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.11%) Simulink
7 1 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.11%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 12 (1.37%) SAP FI-CA
1 12 (1.37%) Teamcenter
2 11 (1.25%) Oracle BPM
3 7 (0.80%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.34%) Infor M3
5 2 (0.23%) Magento
5 2 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.23%) Shopify
6 1 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.11%) Exstream
6 1 (0.11%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 1 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.11%) SAP PSCD
6 1 (0.11%) Temenos T24
6 1 (0.11%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 255 (29.01%) AWS
2 209 (23.78%) Azure
3 128 (14.56%) GitHub
4 62 (7.05%) GCP
5 61 (6.94%) PaaS
6 54 (6.14%) IaaS
7 49 (5.57%) Serverless
8 47 (5.35%) Amazon S3
9 44 (5.01%) Amazon EC2
10 40 (4.55%) AWS CloudFormation
11 37 (4.21%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 36 (4.10%) AWS Lambda
13 31 (3.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 30 (3.41%) SaaS
15 26 (2.96%) Amazon ECS
15 26 (2.96%) Amazon SQS
16 24 (2.73%) Cloud Computing
17 23 (2.62%) Slack
18 21 (2.39%) BrowserStack
19 20 (2.28%) AWS CloudTrail
Communications & Networking
1 51 (5.80%) Firewall
2 45 (5.12%) HTTP
3 35 (3.98%) DNS
3 35 (3.98%) Reverse Proxy
4 31 (3.53%) VLAN
5 30 (3.41%) SSL
5 30 (3.41%) TCP/IP
6 19 (2.16%) SNMP
7 13 (1.48%) VPN
8 12 (1.37%) HTTPS
9 11 (1.25%) DHCP
10 10 (1.14%) Internet
11 8 (0.91%) DSL
12 7 (0.80%) Kerberos
13 6 (0.68%) IPsec
14 5 (0.57%) LAN
14 5 (0.57%) WAN
15 4 (0.46%) FTP
15 4 (0.46%) POP3
15 4 (0.46%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (9.22%) Relational Database
2 79 (8.99%) SQL Server
3 54 (6.14%) NoSQL
4 51 (5.80%) MongoDB
5 46 (5.23%) PostgreSQL
6 43 (4.89%) Oracle Database
7 40 (4.55%) Amazon RDS
8 38 (4.32%) MySQL
9 26 (2.96%) Data Warehouse
10 24 (2.73%) Big Data
11 23 (2.62%) Amazon Aurora
11 23 (2.62%) Hadoop
11 23 (2.62%) RDBMS
11 23 (2.62%) Redis
12 22 (2.50%) Apache Hive
13 17 (1.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 16 (1.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 16 (1.82%) Data Lake
14 16 (1.82%) Power BI
15 15 (1.71%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 369 (41.98%) Jenkins
2 331 (37.66%) Git (software)
3 179 (20.36%) JIRA
4 124 (14.11%) Selenium
5 100 (11.38%) Cucumber
6 96 (10.92%) JUnit
7 93 (10.58%) Maven
8 79 (8.99%) GitLab
9 58 (6.60%) TeamCity
10 48 (5.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 45 (5.12%) Mockito
11 45 (5.12%) Sonatype Nexus
12 42 (4.78%) Gradle
12 42 (4.78%) JMeter
13 40 (4.55%) SonarQube
14 37 (4.21%) Subversion
15 29 (3.30%) Android Studio
16 28 (3.19%) Team Foundation Server
17 27 (3.07%) Bitbucket
17 27 (3.07%) Visual Studio
General
1 156 (17.75%) Finance
2 101 (11.49%) Banking
3 77 (8.76%) Public Sector
4 27 (3.07%) Investment Banking
5 19 (2.16%) Front Office
6 11 (1.25%) Games
7 10 (1.14%) Retail
8 9 (1.02%) Back Office
9 8 (0.91%) Retail Banking
10 6 (0.68%) Social Housing
11 5 (0.57%) Financial Institution
11 5 (0.57%) Legal
11 5 (0.57%) Manufacturing
12 4 (0.46%) Billing
12 4 (0.46%) Law
12 4 (0.46%) Marketing
12 4 (0.46%) Telecoms
13 3 (0.34%) Advertising
13 3 (0.34%) Local Government
13 3 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 357 (40.61%) Developer
2 125 (14.22%) DevOps Engineer
3 110 (12.51%) Java Developer
4 51 (5.80%) Architect
5 43 (4.89%) .NET Developer
6 38 (4.32%) Full Stack Developer
6 38 (4.32%) Senior Developer
7 34 (3.87%) AWS Engineer
8 31 (3.53%) Consultant
8 31 (3.53%) Software Engineer
9 30 (3.41%) Azure Engineer
10 29 (3.30%) AWS DevOps
11 28 (3.19%) Android Developer
11 28 (3.19%) Tester
12 27 (3.07%) Data Engineer
13 25 (2.84%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 23 (2.62%) Java Engineer
15 22 (2.50%) Cloud Engineer
15 22 (2.50%) Python Developer
16 21 (2.39%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 155 (17.63%) Spring
2 145 (16.50%) REST
3 144 (16.38%) HTML
4 134 (15.24%) RESTful
5 120 (13.65%) CSS
6 112 (12.74%) Web Services
7 110 (12.51%) .NET
8 106 (12.06%) JSON
9 98 (11.15%) Node.js
10 91 (10.35%) AngularJS
11 85 (9.67%) XML
12 74 (8.42%) Spring Boot
13 71 (8.08%) React
14 70 (7.96%) HTML5
15 69 (7.85%) SOAP
16 53 (6.03%) Kafka
17 42 (4.78%) jQuery
18 38 (4.32%) Middleware
18 38 (4.32%) Swagger
19 37 (4.21%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 52 (5.92%) Mobile App
2 46 (5.23%) User Experience
3 43 (4.89%) Analytical Skills
4 42 (4.78%) Enterprise Software
5 25 (2.84%) Data Structures
6 23 (2.62%) Clustering
7 19 (2.16%) Cloud Native
8 18 (2.05%) Linux Command Line
8 18 (2.05%) Management Information System
9 16 (1.82%) Credit Risk
9 16 (1.82%) Self-Motivation
10 15 (1.71%) Fixed Income
11 14 (1.59%) Greenfield Project
11 14 (1.59%) Public Cloud
12 13 (1.48%) Private Cloud
13 11 (1.25%) Algorithms
13 11 (1.25%) Virtual Team
14 10 (1.14%) Derivative
15 9 (1.02%) Animation
15 9 (1.02%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 226 (25.71%) Linux
2 120 (13.65%) Windows
3 63 (7.17%) Unix
4 62 (7.05%) Android
5 47 (5.35%) Windows Server
6 46 (5.23%) CentOS
7 44 (5.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 39 (4.44%) Apple iOS
9 35 (3.98%) Windows Server 2016
10 26 (2.96%) Windows 10
11 13 (1.48%) Ubuntu
12 9 (1.02%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 9 (1.02%) Windows Server 2012
13 6 (0.68%) Mac OS
14 5 (0.57%) OpenVMS
15 4 (0.46%) Debian
15 4 (0.46%) Mac OS X
15 4 (0.46%) Solaris
16 3 (0.34%) Fedora
16 3 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 584 (66.44%) Agile Software Development
2 420 (47.78%) DevOps
3 287 (32.65%) Test Automation
4 251 (28.56%) TDD
5 243 (27.65%) Continuous Delivery
6 241 (27.42%) Scrum
7 219 (24.91%) Microservices
8 143 (16.27%) BDD
9 110 (12.51%) Infrastructure as Code
10 107 (12.17%) Software Engineering
11 106 (12.06%) Kanban
11 106 (12.06%) Problem-Solving
12 105 (11.95%) Configuration Management
13 100 (11.38%) Continuous Deployment
14 87 (9.90%) SDLC
15 84 (9.56%) Unit Testing
16 83 (9.44%) Open Source
17 81 (9.22%) Mentoring
18 74 (8.42%) OO
19 73 (8.30%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 357 (40.61%) Java
2 226 (25.71%) Python
3 201 (22.87%) JavaScript
4 178 (20.25%) SQL
5 120 (13.65%) C#
6 83 (9.44%) Bash Shell
7 78 (8.87%) PowerShell
8 66 (7.51%) Java 8
9 64 (7.28%) Scala
10 49 (5.57%) Kotlin
11 44 (5.01%) Ruby
12 38 (4.32%) Go
13 35 (3.98%) C++
13 35 (3.98%) PL/SQL
13 35 (3.98%) TypeScript
14 33 (3.75%) C
15 27 (3.07%) Shell Script
16 23 (2.62%) Apple Swift
17 22 (2.50%) T-SQL
18 21 (2.39%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 147 (16.72%) Security Cleared
2 117 (13.31%) SC Cleared
3 52 (5.92%) Degree
4 31 (3.53%) ISTQB
5 28 (3.19%) ISEB
6 25 (2.84%) Computer Science Degree
7 17 (1.93%) BPSS Clearance
8 16 (1.82%) AWS Certification
8 16 (1.82%) DV Cleared
9 14 (1.59%) Microsoft Certification
10 9 (1.02%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 7 (0.80%) Master's Degree
12 6 (0.68%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 5 (0.57%) CCNA
13 5 (0.57%) CCNP
13 5 (0.57%) Cisco Certification
13 5 (0.57%) DBS Check
14 4 (0.46%) PhD
14 4 (0.46%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 2 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 95 (10.81%) QA
2 7 (0.80%) WCAG
3 6 (0.68%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.46%) MiFID
5 3 (0.34%) SLA
6 2 (0.23%) ISO 9000
6 2 (0.23%) JTAG
6 2 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.11%) FINREP
7 1 (0.11%) GDPR
7 1 (0.11%) HL7
System Software
1 186 (21.16%) Docker
2 53 (6.03%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (3.30%) vSphere
4 24 (2.73%) Active Directory
5 15 (1.71%) HDFS
6 12 (1.37%) VMware ESXi
7 6 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
8 5 (0.57%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 5 (0.57%) Postfix
9 3 (0.34%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 2 (0.23%) etcd
10 2 (0.23%) Firmware
10 2 (0.23%) LXC
10 2 (0.23%) Varnish
10 2 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.23%) VirtualBox
10 2 (0.23%) Xen
11 1 (0.11%) Ceph
11 1 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 184 (20.93%) Kubernetes
2 162 (18.43%) Terraform
3 138 (15.70%) Ansible
4 102 (11.60%) Puppet
5 80 (9.10%) Opscode Chef
6 50 (5.69%) Prometheus
7 46 (5.23%) Packer
8 37 (4.21%) Grafana
9 21 (2.39%) ZABBIX
10 18 (2.05%) Kibana
11 11 (1.25%) Salt
12 8 (0.91%) HP Quality Center
12 8 (0.91%) Zipkin
13 7 (0.80%) Nagios
14 6 (0.68%) Consul
14 6 (0.68%) Istio
15 5 (0.57%) Rundeck
15 5 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
16 4 (0.46%) Hadoop YARN
16 4 (0.46%) logstash
Vendors
1 122 (13.88%) Microsoft
2 109 (12.40%) Oracle
3 54 (6.14%) VMware
4 48 (5.46%) Splunk
5 46 (5.23%) Atlassian
6 42 (4.78%) Google
6 42 (4.78%) Red Hat
7 30 (3.41%) Dell
8 27 (3.07%) Talend
9 22 (2.50%) SAP
10 21 (2.39%) AppDynamics
11 19 (2.16%) HP
12 16 (1.82%) SaltStack
13 15 (1.71%) Bloomberg
14 14 (1.59%) Cisco
14 14 (1.59%) EMC
14 14 (1.59%) MuleSoft
15 13 (1.48%) Salesforce.com
16 11 (1.25%) Axway
17 10 (1.14%) BEA