Period
to 21 July 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 21 July 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
6 months to
21 Jul 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 389 424 500
Rank change year-on-year +35 +76 +62
Contract jobs citing LESS 563 592 406
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.59% 0.54% 0.36%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.84% 1.89% 1.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 443 470 295
UK median daily rate £400 £400 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +14.29% -
10th Percentile £275 £263 £221
90th Percentile £525 £526 £494
UK excluding London median daily rate £356 £375 £350
% change year-on-year -5.00% +7.14% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 5
UK median hourly rate £51.00 - £24.00
10th Percentile £50.00 - £17.86
90th Percentile £52.00 - £35.42
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £32.00

LESS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 30667 31255 30636
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 31.98% 28.40% 27.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 21204 21831 20191
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +5.26%
10th Percentile £306 £290 £268
90th Percentile £613 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £365
% change year-on-year +6.67% +2.74% +4.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 383 399 417
UK median hourly rate £40.50 £37.50 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.00% +2.74% +4.29%
10th Percentile £15.01 £13.00 £15.90
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.38 £37.50 £37.00
% change year-on-year +10.33% +1.35% +5.71%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS over the 6 months to 21 July 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in the UK

LESS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 6 months to 21 July 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +30 528 £413 +3.13% 98
London -26 289 £450 +12.50% 35
UK excluding London +84 264 £356 -5.00% 68
South East +41 79 £425 +21.43% 12
North of England +44 53 £325 -27.78% 25
East of England +22 48 £394 -1.56% 6
Midlands +41 45 £313 -10.71% 12
North West +57 34 £305 -6.15% 12
Scotland +46 29 £375 +3.45% 5
West Midlands +49 26 £325 +18.18% 9
East Midlands -12 19 £313 -17.22% 3
Yorkshire -12 18 £345 -23.33% 13
South West +12 17 £298 +8.18% 8
North East +43 1 - -

For the 6 months to 21 July 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 546 (96.98%) CSS
2 499 (88.63%) JavaScript
3 491 (87.21%) HTML
4 459 (81.53%) Sass
5 367 (65.19%) HTML5
6 353 (62.70%) CSS3
7 308 (54.71%) Agile Software Development
8 285 (50.62%) AngularJS
9 253 (44.94%) Front End Development
10 211 (37.48%) React
11 205 (36.41%) Node.js
12 203 (36.06%) Git (software)
13 187 (33.21%) TDD
14 179 (31.79%) jQuery
15 127 (22.56%) gulp
16 123 (21.85%) User Experience
17 118 (20.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 118 (20.96%) Web Development
18 111 (19.72%) Scrum
19 99 (17.58%) OO
20 98 (17.41%) Grunt
20 98 (17.41%) Responsive Web Design
21 91 (16.16%) RESTful
22 88 (15.63%) Finance
23 84 (14.92%) MVC
24 83 (14.74%) ES6
25 81 (14.39%) Test Automation
26 77 (13.68%) C#
27 76 (13.50%) .NET
27 76 (13.50%) BDD

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (5.33%) CMS
2 22 (3.91%) Apache
2 22 (3.91%) Confluence
2 22 (3.91%) WordPress
3 11 (1.95%) Drupal
3 11 (1.95%) Tomcat
4 10 (1.78%) WebSphere
5 9 (1.60%) Elasticsearch
5 9 (1.60%) EPiServer
6 8 (1.42%) nginx
6 8 (1.42%) NServiceBus
7 6 (1.07%) JBoss
8 5 (0.89%) Sitecore CMS
8 5 (0.89%) WebLogic
9 4 (0.71%) Umbraco
10 3 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
11 2 (0.36%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 2 (0.36%) Joomla!
11 2 (0.36%) Kentico
11 2 (0.36%) Moodle
Applications
1 30 (5.33%) Photoshop
2 9 (1.60%) Adobe Illustrator
3 7 (1.24%) InVision
4 4 (0.71%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 2 (0.36%) GIMP
6 1 (0.18%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 26 (4.62%) Magento
2 3 (0.53%) Eloqua
3 2 (0.36%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.18%) Remedy AR System
4 1 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 40 (7.10%) Amazon AWS
2 24 (4.26%) GitHub
2 24 (4.26%) Microsoft Azure
3 14 (2.49%) SaaS
4 7 (1.24%) PaaS
5 6 (1.07%) IaaS
6 5 (0.89%) Cloud Computing
7 4 (0.71%) Google Analytics
8 2 (0.36%) Google Cloud Platform
9 1 (0.18%) Adobe Analytics
9 1 (0.18%) Akamai
9 1 (0.18%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 1 (0.18%) AWS Lambda
9 1 (0.18%) Bluemix
9 1 (0.18%) Google App Engine
9 1 (0.18%) Google Tag Manager
9 1 (0.18%) Heroku
9 1 (0.18%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 18 (3.20%) HTTP
2 9 (1.60%) Internet
3 2 (0.36%) Skype
3 2 (0.36%) SSH
3 2 (0.36%) SSL
4 1 (0.18%) DNS
4 1 (0.18%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (6.93%) NoSQL
2 38 (6.75%) SQL Server
3 36 (6.39%) MySQL
4 26 (4.62%) MongoDB
5 13 (2.31%) PostgreSQL
6 8 (1.42%) Azure SQL Database
7 7 (1.24%) Oracle Database
7 7 (1.24%) Relational Database
8 5 (0.89%) MS Access
9 4 (0.71%) Couchbase
9 4 (0.71%) Redis
9 4 (0.71%) SQL Server 2014
10 3 (0.53%) Aerospike
10 3 (0.53%) Big Data
10 3 (0.53%) DocumentDB
10 3 (0.53%) SQL Server 2016
10 3 (0.53%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 3 (0.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 2 (0.36%) Apache Cassandra
11 2 (0.36%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 203 (36.06%) Git (software)
2 127 (22.56%) gulp
3 98 (17.41%) Grunt
4 73 (12.97%) Jasmine
5 71 (12.61%) Subversion
6 68 (12.08%) webpack
7 42 (7.46%) Selenium
8 40 (7.10%) Jenkins
9 36 (6.39%) JIRA
10 34 (6.04%) Bower
10 34 (6.04%) WebDriver
11 33 (5.86%) Mocha
12 32 (5.68%) Cucumber
13 31 (5.51%) Karma Test Runner
14 19 (3.37%) Protractor
15 16 (2.84%) Visual Studio
16 14 (2.49%) Axure RP
16 14 (2.49%) Babel
17 12 (2.13%) Balsamiq Mockups
17 12 (2.13%) JSUnit
General
1 88 (15.63%) Finance
2 49 (8.70%) Banking
3 19 (3.37%) Retail
4 16 (2.84%) Marketing
5 14 (2.49%) Publishing
6 12 (2.13%) Advertising
6 12 (2.13%) Front Office
6 12 (2.13%) Investment Banking
6 12 (2.13%) Telecoms
7 7 (1.24%) Games
8 2 (0.36%) Back Office
8 2 (0.36%) Czech Language
8 2 (0.36%) Law
8 2 (0.36%) Legal
8 2 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
9 1 (0.18%) Electronics
9 1 (0.18%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 533 (94.67%) Developer
2 213 (37.83%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 175 (31.08%) JavaScript Developer
4 71 (12.61%) HTML Developer
5 63 (11.19%) Angular Developer
5 63 (11.19%) HTML CSS Developer
6 52 (9.24%) Senior Developer
7 50 (8.88%) UI Developer
8 46 (8.17%) Full Stack Developer
9 40 (7.10%) .NET Developer
9 40 (7.10%) Node.js Developer
10 37 (6.57%) C# Developer
11 33 (5.86%) Web Developer
12 27 (4.80%) C# .NET Developer
13 22 (3.91%) Java Developer
13 22 (3.91%) Senior Front-End Developer
14 21 (3.73%) PHP Developer
15 18 (3.20%) Agile Developer
16 17 (3.02%) UX Developer
17 15 (2.66%) CSS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 546 (96.98%) CSS
2 491 (87.21%) HTML
3 459 (81.53%) Sass
4 367 (65.19%) HTML5
5 353 (62.70%) CSS3
6 285 (50.62%) AngularJS
7 211 (37.48%) React
8 205 (36.41%) Node.js
9 179 (31.79%) jQuery
10 118 (20.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 91 (16.16%) RESTful
12 76 (13.50%) .NET
13 74 (13.14%) JSON
14 66 (11.72%) Ajax
15 65 (11.55%) Redux
16 58 (10.30%) Web Services
17 56 (9.95%) Angular 2
18 49 (8.70%) ASP.NET
19 48 (8.53%) Backbone.js
20 46 (8.17%) KnockoutJS
Miscellaneous
1 123 (21.85%) User Experience
2 42 (7.46%) Greenfield Project
3 29 (5.15%) Enterprise Software
4 16 (2.84%) Animation
5 12 (2.13%) Mobile App
6 10 (1.78%) Smartphone
6 10 (1.78%) Video on Demand
7 7 (1.24%) Fintech
8 6 (1.07%) Computer Science
8 6 (1.07%) Digital Media
8 6 (1.07%) Virtual Team
8 6 (1.07%) W3C
9 5 (0.89%) Algorithms
9 5 (0.89%) Data Structures
10 3 (0.53%) Augmented Reality
10 3 (0.53%) Cloud Native
10 3 (0.53%) Derivative
10 3 (0.53%) Equity Derivative
10 3 (0.53%) Linux Command Line
10 3 (0.53%) Web 2.0
Operating Systems
1 27 (4.80%) Linux
2 10 (1.78%) Unix
3 4 (0.71%) Apple iOS
3 4 (0.71%) Windows
4 3 (0.53%) Mac OS X
4 3 (0.53%) Solaris
5 2 (0.36%) Android
6 1 (0.18%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.18%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 308 (54.71%) Agile Software Development
2 253 (44.94%) Front End Development
3 187 (33.21%) TDD
4 118 (20.96%) Web Development
5 111 (19.72%) Scrum
6 99 (17.58%) OO
7 98 (17.41%) Responsive Web Design
8 84 (14.92%) MVC
9 81 (14.39%) Test Automation
10 76 (13.50%) BDD
11 63 (11.19%) Continuous Integration
12 62 (11.01%) Unit Testing
13 54 (9.59%) E-Commerce
14 53 (9.41%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
15 42 (7.46%) DevOps
16 41 (7.28%) OOP
17 38 (6.75%) Continuous Improvement
18 37 (6.57%) Software Engineering
19 36 (6.39%) Kanban
19 36 (6.39%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 499 (88.63%) JavaScript
2 83 (14.74%) ES6
3 77 (13.68%) C#
4 70 (12.43%) PHP
5 64 (11.37%) Java
6 48 (8.53%) TypeScript
7 41 (7.28%) SQL
8 14 (2.49%) Python
9 13 (2.31%) Scala
10 10 (1.78%) ECMAScript
10 10 (1.78%) T-SQL
11 9 (1.60%) Bash Shell
11 9 (1.60%) Ruby
12 8 (1.42%) PowerShell
13 7 (1.24%) PHP 5
13 7 (1.24%) PHP 7
13 7 (1.24%) VB
14 6 (1.07%) R
14 6 (1.07%) Shell Script
15 5 (0.89%) VC++
Qualifications
1 23 (4.09%) Degree
2 4 (0.71%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (0.53%) Security Cleared
4 2 (0.36%) MBA
5 1 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.18%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (2.49%) QA
2 6 (1.07%) WAI
3 4 (0.71%) WCAG
4 1 (0.18%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 21 (3.73%) Docker
2 3 (0.53%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 11 (1.95%) Opscode Chef
2 10 (1.78%) Terraform
3 9 (1.60%) Puppet
4 8 (1.42%) Ansible
5 1 (0.18%) Plesk
Vendors
1 29 (5.15%) Microsoft
2 12 (2.13%) Adobe
2 12 (2.13%) Oracle
3 10 (1.78%) Google
4 8 (1.42%) SAP
5 6 (1.07%) IBM
5 6 (1.07%) PayPal
5 6 (1.07%) Sitecore
5 6 (1.07%) Zend
6 4 (0.71%) Infor
7 3 (0.53%) FatWire
7 3 (0.53%) Marketo
7 3 (0.53%) Omniture
7 3 (0.53%) Telerik
7 3 (0.53%) Twitter
8 2 (0.36%) BMC
8 2 (0.36%) Remedy
8 2 (0.36%) Tealium
8 2 (0.36%) TOWER Software
9 1 (0.18%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
City, London
Stratospherec
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 8 hours ago
London
Explore Group
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
London
Colston Consulting
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Colston Consulting
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Software Personnel International Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £60000 - £75000 per month
Posted: 2 days ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
Computer People
Rate: £280.00 - £320.00 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Livingston, West Lothian
Experis Ltd
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
TEKsystems
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 3 days ago