Period
to 23 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 23 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
6 months to
23 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 399 423 442
Rank change year-on-year +24 +19 +90
Contract jobs citing LESS 580 473 533
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.58% 0.52% 0.51%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.75% 1.64% 1.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 421 353 409
UK median daily rate £475 £388 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +22.58% -3.13% +14.29%
10th Percentile £333 £273 £263
90th Percentile £600 £515 £529
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £350 £350
% change year-on-year +17.14% - +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 6
UK median hourly rate - - £35.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £35.00

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,090 28,841 30,122
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.83% 31.96% 28.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,303 19,927 20,999
UK median daily rate £475 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £288
90th Percentile £625 £606 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 334 353 439
UK median hourly rate £42.27 £40.26 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.98% +5.95% +8.57%
10th Percentile £16.25 £16.03 £13.50
90th Percentile £65.83 £53.75 £57.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +2.50% +6.67% +7.14%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS over the 6 months to 23 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in the UK

LESS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 6 months to 23 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +26 557 £488 +22.64% 249
London +33 342 £515 +21.18% 87
UK excluding London -22 235 £410 +17.14% 178
South East -6 81 £400 +1.59% 65
Midlands -4 44 £425 +36.00% 27
North of England -28 43 £400 +23.08% 45
West Midlands 0 41 £425 +33.33% 17
North West -9 39 £419 +40.76% 34
East of England -20 30 £400 +6.67% 11
South West +13 20 £400 +23.08% 14
Scotland -37 18 £450 +20.00% 12
East Midlands -5 3 £313 - 10
Yorkshire -40 3 £313 -8.09% 11
North East +13 1 £400 -5.88%
Northern Ireland - 1 £275 - 1

For the 6 months to 23 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 557 (96.03%) CSS
2 525 (90.52%) JavaScript
3 465 (80.17%) HTML
4 451 (77.76%) Sass
5 340 (58.62%) HTML5
6 306 (52.76%) CSS3
7 293 (50.52%) Agile Software Development
8 289 (49.83%) AngularJS
9 281 (48.45%) Front End Development
10 241 (41.55%) React
11 213 (36.72%) TDD
12 210 (36.21%) Node.js
13 200 (34.48%) Git (software)
14 179 (30.86%) jQuery
15 154 (26.55%) ES6
16 152 (26.21%) User Experience
17 151 (26.03%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 143 (24.66%) webpack
19 125 (21.55%) gulp
20 118 (20.34%) Grunt
20 118 (20.34%) Redux
21 106 (18.28%) Responsive Web Design
22 96 (16.55%) Unit Testing
23 95 (16.38%) Java
24 93 (16.03%) Web Development
25 89 (15.34%) Test Automation
26 88 (15.17%) RESTful
27 87 (15.00%) MVC
28 86 (14.83%) TypeScript
29 83 (14.31%) Angular 2

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (5.86%) CMS
2 17 (2.93%) Confluence
3 15 (2.59%) Drupal
3 15 (2.59%) Tomcat
4 14 (2.41%) JBoss
5 12 (2.07%) Sitecore CMS
6 11 (1.90%) WebLogic
7 10 (1.72%) EPiServer
7 10 (1.72%) Mongoose
7 10 (1.72%) WordPress
8 9 (1.55%) Apache
9 7 (1.21%) nginx
10 6 (1.03%) Elasticsearch
10 6 (1.03%) Predix
11 4 (0.69%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 4 (0.69%) SharePoint
12 3 (0.52%) Umbraco
13 2 (0.34%) Liferay
14 1 (0.17%) Moodle
14 1 (0.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 41 (7.07%) Photoshop
2 26 (4.48%) Adobe Illustrator
3 17 (2.93%) GIMP
4 4 (0.69%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.17%) Fireworks
5 1 (0.17%) InVision
5 1 (0.17%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 18 (3.10%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 60 (10.34%) Amazon AWS
1 60 (10.34%) npm
2 27 (4.66%) Microsoft Azure
3 17 (2.93%) IaaS
3 17 (2.93%) PaaS
3 17 (2.93%) SaaS
4 10 (1.72%) Yarn
5 7 (1.21%) Amazon Kinesis
5 7 (1.21%) AWS CloudFormation
5 7 (1.21%) AWS Lambda
5 7 (1.21%) Google Analytics
5 7 (1.21%) Serverless
6 6 (1.03%) Heroku
7 4 (0.69%) Adobe Analytics
7 4 (0.69%) Azure Active Directory
7 4 (0.69%) Google Cloud Platform
8 3 (0.52%) Cloud Computing
8 3 (0.52%) GitHub
9 2 (0.34%) Google Tag Manager
10 1 (0.17%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 23 (3.97%) HTTP
2 6 (1.03%) Internet
3 3 (0.52%) Intranet
3 3 (0.52%) RTMP
4 1 (0.17%) SSH
4 1 (0.17%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (7.59%) MySQL
2 42 (7.24%) SQL Server
3 37 (6.38%) MongoDB
4 25 (4.31%) NoSQL
5 15 (2.59%) Redis
6 14 (2.41%) Hadoop
7 11 (1.90%) Hazelcast
8 9 (1.55%) PostgreSQL
9 7 (1.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 6 (1.03%) Relational Database
10 6 (1.03%) SQL Server 2012
10 6 (1.03%) SQL Server 2016
11 5 (0.86%) Data Mining
11 5 (0.86%) Data Warehouse
12 4 (0.69%) Big Data
12 4 (0.69%) Blockchain
12 4 (0.69%) RDBMS
13 3 (0.52%) Cosmos DB
13 3 (0.52%) MS Access
14 2 (0.34%) HBase
Development Applications
1 200 (34.48%) Git (software)
2 143 (24.66%) webpack
3 125 (21.55%) gulp
4 118 (20.34%) Grunt
5 70 (12.07%) Jenkins
6 67 (11.55%) Jasmine
7 46 (7.93%) Subversion
8 45 (7.76%) Karma Test Runner
9 34 (5.86%) JIRA
10 31 (5.34%) Mocha
10 31 (5.34%) Selenium
11 28 (4.83%) Cucumber
12 25 (4.31%) Bower
13 20 (3.45%) Babel
14 19 (3.28%) Axure RP
15 18 (3.10%) Mercurial
16 16 (2.76%) WebDriver
17 15 (2.59%) Protractor
18 14 (2.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 14 (2.41%) TeamCity
General
1 80 (13.79%) Finance
2 45 (7.76%) Banking
2 45 (7.76%) Retail
3 24 (4.14%) Games
4 15 (2.59%) Investment Banking
5 11 (1.90%) Telecoms
6 9 (1.55%) Front Office
6 9 (1.55%) Marketing
7 6 (1.03%) Financial Institution
8 5 (0.86%) Pharmaceutical
9 4 (0.69%) Automotive
10 3 (0.52%) iGaming
10 3 (0.52%) Law
10 3 (0.52%) Persian Language
10 3 (0.52%) Retail Banking
11 2 (0.34%) Publishing
12 1 (0.17%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 525 (90.52%) Developer
2 237 (40.86%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 170 (29.31%) JavaScript Developer
4 101 (17.41%) React Developer
5 82 (14.14%) Angular Developer
6 81 (13.97%) HTML Developer
7 75 (12.93%) Senior Developer
8 72 (12.41%) UI Developer
9 56 (9.66%) HTML CSS Developer
10 50 (8.62%) Web Developer
11 42 (7.24%) Full Stack Developer
12 40 (6.90%) Java Developer
13 28 (4.83%) Senior Front-End Developer
14 26 (4.48%) Node.js Developer
15 25 (4.31%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 23 (3.97%) .NET Developer
17 18 (3.10%) Architect
17 18 (3.10%) C# .NET Developer
17 18 (3.10%) C# Developer
18 16 (2.76%) Senior JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 557 (96.03%) CSS
2 465 (80.17%) HTML
3 451 (77.76%) Sass
4 340 (58.62%) HTML5
5 306 (52.76%) CSS3
6 289 (49.83%) AngularJS
7 241 (41.55%) React
8 210 (36.21%) Node.js
9 179 (30.86%) jQuery
10 151 (26.03%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 118 (20.34%) Redux
12 88 (15.17%) RESTful
13 83 (14.31%) Angular 2
14 81 (13.97%) .NET
15 73 (12.59%) REST
16 63 (10.86%) KnockoutJS
17 62 (10.69%) Backbone.js
18 60 (10.34%) Ajax
18 60 (10.34%) Web Services
19 58 (10.00%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 152 (26.21%) User Experience
2 51 (8.79%) Greenfield Project
3 37 (6.38%) Mobile App
4 19 (3.28%) Fintech
5 18 (3.10%) Derivative
5 18 (3.10%) Equity Derivative
6 11 (1.90%) Fixed Income
7 9 (1.55%) Computer Science
8 7 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
8 7 (1.21%) Management Information System
8 7 (1.21%) Social Media
9 6 (1.03%) Algorithms
9 6 (1.03%) Equities
10 5 (0.86%) Data Structures
10 5 (0.86%) NHS
11 4 (0.69%) Analytical Skills
11 4 (0.69%) Linux Command Line
11 4 (0.69%) Video on Demand
11 4 (0.69%) Video\Live Streaming
12 3 (0.52%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 33 (5.69%) Linux
2 31 (5.34%) Apple iOS
3 30 (5.17%) Android
4 19 (3.28%) Windows
5 2 (0.34%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.17%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 293 (50.52%) Agile Software Development
2 281 (48.45%) Front End Development
3 213 (36.72%) TDD
4 106 (18.28%) Responsive Web Design
5 96 (16.55%) Unit Testing
6 93 (16.03%) Web Development
7 89 (15.34%) Test Automation
8 87 (15.00%) MVC
9 80 (13.79%) BDD
10 78 (13.45%) DevOps
10 78 (13.45%) Scrum
11 73 (12.59%) E-Commerce
12 55 (9.48%) Continuous Integration
13 51 (8.79%) Microservices
13 51 (8.79%) Pair Programming
14 45 (7.76%) Open Source
15 44 (7.59%) Analytics
16 42 (7.24%) OO
17 40 (6.90%) Mentoring
18 37 (6.38%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
Programming Languages
1 525 (90.52%) JavaScript
2 154 (26.55%) ES6
3 95 (16.38%) Java
4 86 (14.83%) TypeScript
5 59 (10.17%) C#
6 39 (6.72%) PHP
7 34 (5.86%) ES7
8 24 (4.14%) Scala
9 22 (3.79%) Python
10 18 (3.10%) SQL
11 11 (1.90%) Ruby
12 8 (1.38%) ES8
12 8 (1.38%) Java 8
13 7 (1.21%) Bash Shell
14 4 (0.69%) Clojure
14 4 (0.69%) Shell Script
15 2 (0.34%) PureScript
16 1 (0.17%) Apple Swift
16 1 (0.17%) Go
16 1 (0.17%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 19 (3.28%) Security Cleared
2 18 (3.10%) SC Cleared
3 14 (2.41%) Degree
4 9 (1.55%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (0.69%) Master's Degree
6 3 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (4.66%) QA
2 5 (0.86%) PMO
2 5 (0.86%) WCAG
3 2 (0.34%) WAI
System Software
1 52 (8.97%) Docker
2 2 (0.34%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 30 (5.17%) Opscode Chef
2 24 (4.14%) Puppet
3 21 (3.62%) Ansible
4 2 (0.34%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
5 1 (0.17%) HAProxy
5 1 (0.17%) Terraform
Vendors
1 26 (4.48%) Microsoft
2 21 (3.62%) Oracle
3 16 (2.76%) Adobe
4 12 (2.07%) Sitecore
5 11 (1.90%) Google
6 9 (1.55%) Capita
7 7 (1.21%) hybris
7 7 (1.21%) Mapbox
8 6 (1.03%) Zend
9 5 (0.86%) Atlassian
10 4 (0.69%) Coveo
11 3 (0.52%) IBM
11 3 (0.52%) Salesforce.com
11 3 (0.52%) Twitter
12 2 (0.34%) MapR
12 2 (0.34%) Optimizely
12 2 (0.34%) SAP