The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 24 April 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
3 months to
24 Apr 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 375 390 438
Rank change year-on-year +15 +48  
Contract jobs citing LESS 231 286 212
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.50% 0.51% 0.37%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.58% 1.83% 1.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 167 223 143
Median daily rate £375 £400 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.25% +14.28%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £275 £236
10% offered a daily rate of more than £466 £518 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £338 £358 £325
% change year-on-year -5.45% +10.00%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 3
Median hourly rate - - £17.86
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £17.86

LESS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 14621 15591 15187
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 31.58% 27.89% 26.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 10143 10885 9839
Median daily rate £425 £413 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +6.45%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £350
% change year-on-year - +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 196 198 203
Median hourly rate £42.50 £37.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.33% +7.14%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.50 £11.00 £17.86
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £57.00 £46.09
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.50 £38.00 £36.25
% change year-on-year +9.21% +4.82%  

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing LESS as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS over the 3 months to 24 April 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in the UK

LESS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 24 April 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +23 225 £375 -6.25% 132
London -25 101 £425 +6.25% 51
South East +21 43 £388 +14.81% 19
East of England +14 24 £300 -25.00% 12
North West +50 21 £305 -9.62% 13
Manchester +27 14 £294 -21.66% 8
Surrey +13 13 £388 +19.23% 1
Yorkshire +16 12 £340 -24.55% 14
Leeds +9 11 £339 -24.66% 6
Milton Keynes +5 11 £350 +47.36% 2
West Yorkshire +4 11 £339 -24.66% 10
Buckinghamshire +1 11 £350 +47.36% 2
City of London -8 11 £475 -5.00% 7
West Midlands +28 10 £313 +13.63% 9
Oxfordshire -4 10 £450 +28.57% 3
Bedfordshire - 10 £295 - 2
Luton - 9 £300 -
South West +5 8 £300 +9.09% 10
Leatherhead - 7 £375 -
Oxford - 6 £310 - 1
Birmingham - 6 £300 - 3
Hampshire +14 5 £385 +14.07% 8
Bristol +6 5 £300 +9.09% 6
Essex -13 5 £265 -33.75% 1
East Midlands -11 4 £306 +2.08% 2
Cambridgeshire - 4 £375 - 5
Cambridge - 4 £375 - 4
Cheshire +32 3 £298 -0.83% 4
Scotland +22 3 £375 -6.25% 3
Hertfordshire 0 3 £450 +2.85% 2

For the 6 months to 24 April 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 426 (95.30%) CSS
2 398 (89.04%) JavaScript
3 381 (85.23%) HTML
4 368 (82.33%) Sass
5 314 (70.25%) HTML5
6 278 (62.19%) CSS3
7 234 (52.35%) AngularJS
8 231 (51.68%) Agile Software Development
9 188 (42.06%) Front End Development
10 171 (38.26%) React
11 169 (37.81%) jQuery
12 147 (32.89%) Node.js
13 131 (29.31%) Git (software)
14 122 (27.29%) TDD
15 98 (21.92%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 97 (21.70%) gulp
17 90 (20.13%) Grunt
18 89 (19.91%) Web Development
19 86 (19.24%) MVC
20 84 (18.79%) User Experience
21 82 (18.34%) Scrum
22 78 (17.45%) Responsive Web Design
23 76 (17.00%) C#
24 71 (15.88%) .NET
25 60 (13.42%) Finance
26 59 (13.20%) RESTful
27 56 (12.53%) Web Services
27 56 (12.53%) Ajax
28 55 (12.30%) OO
29 52 (11.63%) BDD

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (4.47%) CMS
2 14 (3.13%) WordPress
3 11 (2.46%) Apache
4 9 (2.01%) Confluence
4 9 (2.01%) WebSphere
5 8 (1.79%) NServiceBus
6 7 (1.57%) EPiServer
7 6 (1.34%) Drupal
7 6 (1.34%) Tomcat
7 6 (1.34%) Umbraco
8 3 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
8 3 (0.67%) IIS
8 3 (0.67%) JBoss
9 2 (0.45%) GlassFish
10 1 (0.22%) Documentum
10 1 (0.22%) Elasticsearch
10 1 (0.22%) Joomla!
10 1 (0.22%) Sitecore CMS
10 1 (0.22%) Tornado
10 1 (0.22%) WebLogic
Applications
1 28 (6.26%) Photoshop
2 7 (1.57%) GIMP
3 4 (0.89%) Adobe Illustrator
4 3 (0.67%) InVision
5 1 (0.22%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 9 (2.01%) Magento
2 2 (0.45%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.22%) Eloqua
3 1 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.22%) Remedy AR System
Cloud Services
1 21 (4.70%) Amazon AWS
2 17 (3.80%) Microsoft Azure
3 16 (3.58%) GitHub
4 12 (2.68%) SaaS
5 5 (1.12%) PaaS
6 3 (0.67%) Cloud Computing
6 3 (0.67%) Google Analytics
7 2 (0.45%) IaaS
8 1 (0.22%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (0.22%) Bluemix
8 1 (0.22%) IBM Cloud
8 1 (0.22%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 19 (4.25%) HTTP
2 7 (1.57%) DNS
2 7 (1.57%) SSL
3 2 (0.45%) DSL
3 2 (0.45%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
4 1 (0.22%) HTTPS
4 1 (0.22%) Internet
4 1 (0.22%) LDAP
4 1 (0.22%) Skype
4 1 (0.22%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (7.83%) SQL Server
2 19 (4.25%) NoSQL
3 17 (3.80%) MySQL
4 9 (2.01%) PostgreSQL
5 8 (1.79%) Azure SQL Database
5 8 (1.79%) MongoDB
5 8 (1.79%) Oracle Database
5 8 (1.79%) Relational Database
6 4 (0.89%) Redis
7 3 (0.67%) Blockchain
7 3 (0.67%) CouchDB
7 3 (0.67%) DocumentDB
7 3 (0.67%) SQL Server 2008
8 2 (0.45%) Big Data
8 2 (0.45%) Couchbase
8 2 (0.45%) SQL Server 2016
9 1 (0.22%) Apache Cassandra
9 1 (0.22%) Hadoop
9 1 (0.22%) RavenDB
9 1 (0.22%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 131 (29.31%) Git (software)
2 97 (21.70%) gulp
3 90 (20.13%) Grunt
4 51 (11.41%) Jasmine
5 45 (10.07%) Subversion
6 37 (8.28%) webpack
7 30 (6.71%) Bower
8 29 (6.49%) Jenkins
9 25 (5.59%) Visual Studio
10 24 (5.37%) Karma Test Runner
11 22 (4.92%) Mocha
11 22 (4.92%) Selenium
12 18 (4.03%) Cucumber
13 17 (3.80%) JIRA
14 14 (3.13%) Mercurial
15 12 (2.68%) Ant
15 12 (2.68%) JSHint
15 12 (2.68%) Team Foundation Server
15 12 (2.68%) WebDriver
16 11 (2.46%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 60 (13.42%) Finance
2 38 (8.50%) Banking
3 14 (3.13%) Retail
4 10 (2.24%) Advertising
5 8 (1.79%) Back Office
5 8 (1.79%) Marketing
6 7 (1.57%) Games
7 6 (1.34%) Czech Language
7 6 (1.34%) Publishing
7 6 (1.34%) Telecoms
8 4 (0.89%) Front Office
9 1 (0.22%) Arabic Language
9 1 (0.22%) Automotive
9 1 (0.22%) Investment Banking
9 1 (0.22%) Law
9 1 (0.22%) Legal
9 1 (0.22%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 418 (93.51%) Developer
2 175 (39.15%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 140 (31.32%) JavaScript Developer
4 60 (13.42%) Angular Developer
5 46 (10.29%) .NET Developer
6 45 (10.07%) Senior Developer
6 45 (10.07%) UI Developer
7 43 (9.62%) HTML Developer
8 38 (8.50%) HTML CSS Developer
9 37 (8.28%) Web Developer
10 31 (6.94%) C# Developer
10 31 (6.94%) Full Stack Developer
11 24 (5.37%) C# .NET Developer
12 21 (4.70%) Node.js Developer
13 20 (4.47%) Java Developer
14 14 (3.13%) Senior Front-End Developer
14 14 (3.13%) Senior JavaScript Developer
15 13 (2.91%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 12 (2.68%) SQL Developer
17 10 (2.24%) ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 426 (95.30%) CSS
2 381 (85.23%) HTML
3 368 (82.33%) Sass
4 314 (70.25%) HTML5
5 278 (62.19%) CSS3
6 234 (52.35%) AngularJS
7 171 (38.26%) React
8 169 (37.81%) jQuery
9 147 (32.89%) Node.js
10 98 (21.92%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 71 (15.88%) .NET
12 59 (13.20%) RESTful
13 56 (12.53%) Ajax
13 56 (12.53%) Web Services
14 50 (11.19%) Angular 2
15 45 (10.07%) ASP.NET
15 45 (10.07%) Backbone.js
15 45 (10.07%) KnockoutJS
16 42 (9.40%) JSON
17 38 (8.50%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 84 (18.79%) User Experience
2 30 (6.71%) Enterprise Software
3 28 (6.26%) Greenfield Project
4 13 (2.91%) Fintech
5 11 (2.46%) W3C
6 9 (2.01%) Mobile App
7 8 (1.79%) Animation
7 8 (1.79%) Computer Science
7 8 (1.79%) Graphic Design
8 5 (1.12%) Data Structures
9 4 (0.89%) Virtual Team
10 3 (0.67%) Augmented Reality
10 3 (0.67%) Smartphone
10 3 (0.67%) Social Media
10 3 (0.67%) Video on Demand
10 3 (0.67%) Web 2.0
11 2 (0.45%) Algorithms
11 2 (0.45%) Digital Media
11 2 (0.45%) Hedge funds
11 2 (0.45%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 35 (7.83%) Linux
2 15 (3.36%) Unix
3 7 (1.57%) Windows
4 4 (0.89%) Solaris
5 3 (0.67%) Mac OS X
6 2 (0.45%) Android
7 1 (0.22%) Apple iOS
7 1 (0.22%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 231 (51.68%) Agile Software Development
2 188 (42.06%) Front End Development
3 122 (27.29%) TDD
4 89 (19.91%) Web Development
5 86 (19.24%) MVC
6 82 (18.34%) Scrum
7 78 (17.45%) Responsive Web Design
8 55 (12.30%) OO
9 52 (11.63%) BDD
10 50 (11.19%) Unit Testing
11 43 (9.62%) E-Commerce
12 42 (9.40%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
13 41 (9.17%) Continuous Integration
14 32 (7.16%) Wireframes
15 28 (6.26%) SOA
16 27 (6.04%) Software Engineering
17 25 (5.59%) Pair Programming
18 24 (5.37%) Kanban
19 22 (4.92%) DevOps
20 20 (4.47%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 398 (89.04%) JavaScript
2 76 (17.00%) C#
3 50 (11.19%) Java
4 48 (10.74%) PHP
5 37 (8.28%) ES6
6 33 (7.38%) SQL
7 31 (6.94%) TypeScript
8 15 (3.36%) Python
9 13 (2.91%) Ruby
10 9 (2.01%) T-SQL
11 8 (1.79%) PowerShell
11 8 (1.79%) Scala
12 6 (1.34%) R
13 4 (0.89%) ECMAScript
14 3 (0.67%) Groovy
14 3 (0.67%) Perl
15 2 (0.45%) VB
15 2 (0.45%) VB.NET
16 1 (0.22%) C
16 1 (0.22%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 22 (4.92%) Degree
2 6 (1.34%) MBA
3 4 (0.89%) Security Cleared
4 3 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (1.34%) QA
2 3 (0.67%) WCAG
3 2 (0.45%) Disclosure Scotland
3 2 (0.45%) PCI DSS
3 2 (0.45%) WAI
System Software
1 4 (0.89%) Docker
Systems Management
1 9 (2.01%) Puppet
2 3 (0.67%) Terraform
3 1 (0.22%) Opscode Chef
3 1 (0.22%) Plesk
3 1 (0.22%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 20 (4.47%) Microsoft
2 10 (2.24%) IBM
2 10 (2.24%) Oracle
3 6 (1.34%) Adobe
3 6 (1.34%) Google
4 5 (1.12%) SAP
5 4 (0.89%) FatWire
5 4 (0.89%) hybris
5 4 (0.89%) Zend
6 3 (0.67%) Omniture
6 3 (0.67%) PayPal
6 3 (0.67%) Telerik
6 3 (0.67%) Twitter
7 2 (0.45%) BMC
7 2 (0.45%) Remedy
7 2 (0.45%) Sitecore
8 1 (0.22%) EMC
8 1 (0.22%) Marketo
8 1 (0.22%) OpenText
8 1 (0.22%) Perforce
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £375 - £450 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Leeds
Energize Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Milton Keynes
VASSIT
Rate: £0 - £75,000 per year
Posted: 3 days ago
Bristol, Avon
Austin Fraser
Rate: £250.00 - £300.00 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Bristol, Avon
Austin Fraser
Rate: £251 per day + Market Rate
Posted: 3 days ago
Central London
Guru Careers
Rate: Competitive Day Rate (6 Month Contract)
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Lafosse Contractors
Rate: £475 - £600 per annum
Posted: 6 days ago
Devon
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Chester
ECOM
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Revolution Technology
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Harvey Nash plc
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 4 days ago