Period
to 17 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 17 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
6 months to
17 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 414 428 433
Rank change year-on-year +14 +5 +110
Contract jobs citing LESS 540 496 549
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.54% 0.52% 0.51%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.68% 1.64% 1.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 390 363 401
UK median daily rate £454 £400 £365
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +13.50% +9.59% -2.67%
10th Percentile £313 £301 £258
90th Percentile £600 £538 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +12.00% +7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 12
UK median hourly rate £40.00 - £31.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 - £35.00

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32,109 30,272 31,230
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.92% 31.55% 28.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,873 20,941 21,627
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 336 338 550
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.90% +10.00%
10th Percentile £18.13 £15.43 £16.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.00 £56.58
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.61 £38.75 £38.88
% change year-on-year +7.38% -0.32% +11.07%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS over the 6 months to 17 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in the UK

LESS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 6 months to 17 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 521 £463 +15.63% 238
London -17 319 £475 +11.76% 98
UK excluding London +35 218 £420 +12.00% 145
South East +18 93 £430 +13.16% 43
North of England +10 31 £420 +23.89% 41
Midlands +4 28 £375 +3.45% 27
East of England -12 28 £425 +9.68% 18
South West +25 25 £413 +22.22% 11
North West +21 23 £425 +30.77% 23
West Midlands +10 23 £388 +3.33% 19
Scotland -20 12 £375 -6.25% 2
Yorkshire -20 6 £413 +21.32% 15
East Midlands -8 5 £300 -3.61% 8
North East +48 2 - - 3
Northern Ireland - 2 - - 2
Wales - 2 £550 - 2

For the 6 months to 17 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 509 (94.26%) CSS
2 471 (87.22%) JavaScript
3 454 (84.07%) Sass
4 446 (82.59%) HTML
5 298 (55.19%) HTML5
6 295 (54.63%) AngularJS
7 292 (54.07%) Agile Software Development
8 262 (48.52%) Front End Development
9 246 (45.56%) CSS3
10 230 (42.59%) React
11 191 (35.37%) Git (software)
12 182 (33.70%) TDD
13 154 (28.52%) jQuery
14 148 (27.41%) Node.js
15 125 (23.15%) User Experience
16 122 (22.59%) Web Development
17 121 (22.41%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 116 (21.48%) ES6
19 101 (18.70%) Responsive Web Design
20 95 (17.59%) webpack
21 94 (17.41%) gulp
22 93 (17.22%) Test Automation
23 91 (16.85%) Grunt
24 84 (15.56%) Jasmine
25 80 (14.81%) TypeScript
26 79 (14.63%) Java
27 78 (14.44%) Scrum
28 77 (14.26%) Angular 2
29 75 (13.89%) .NET
30 72 (13.33%) Backbone.js

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (8.33%) CMS
2 27 (5.00%) Drupal
3 20 (3.70%) WordPress
4 17 (3.15%) Tomcat
5 16 (2.96%) JBoss
6 14 (2.59%) Confluence
7 13 (2.41%) WebLogic
8 11 (2.04%) Apache
9 10 (1.85%) EPiServer
9 10 (1.85%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 9 (1.67%) Sitecore CMS
11 8 (1.48%) Elasticsearch
11 8 (1.48%) Mongoose
12 7 (1.30%) nginx
13 5 (0.93%) WebSphere
14 4 (0.74%) Joomla!
15 3 (0.56%) SharePoint
15 3 (0.56%) Umbraco
15 3 (0.56%) WebSphere Application Server
16 2 (0.37%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 52 (9.63%) Photoshop
2 22 (4.07%) Adobe Illustrator
3 15 (2.78%) GIMP
4 3 (0.56%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.37%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 2 (0.37%) OmniGraffle
6 1 (0.19%) Fireworks
6 1 (0.19%) InDesign
6 1 (0.19%) InVision
Business Applications
1 19 (3.52%) Magento
2 2 (0.37%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 63 (11.67%) npm
2 46 (8.52%) Amazon AWS
3 43 (7.96%) Microsoft Azure
4 32 (5.93%) SaaS
5 25 (4.63%) PaaS
6 22 (4.07%) IaaS
7 10 (1.85%) Google Analytics
8 8 (1.48%) Azure Active Directory
9 7 (1.30%) Serverless
9 7 (1.30%) Yarn
10 5 (0.93%) GitHub
11 4 (0.74%) Office 365
12 3 (0.56%) Amazon Kinesis
12 3 (0.56%) AWS CloudFormation
12 3 (0.56%) AWS Lambda
12 3 (0.56%) Cloud Computing
13 2 (0.37%) Google Tag Manager
13 2 (0.37%) MailChimp
13 2 (0.37%) Trello
14 1 (0.19%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 16 (2.96%) HTTP
2 7 (1.30%) Internet
3 2 (0.37%) Ethernet
3 2 (0.37%) Skype
3 2 (0.37%) Unified Communications
3 2 (0.37%) VPLS
4 1 (0.19%) DNS
4 1 (0.19%) Intranet
4 1 (0.19%) SMS
4 1 (0.19%) SSL
4 1 (0.19%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (7.78%) MySQL
2 40 (7.41%) SQL Server
3 32 (5.93%) NoSQL
4 31 (5.74%) MongoDB
5 16 (2.96%) Redis
6 14 (2.59%) Hadoop
7 13 (2.41%) Hazelcast
7 13 (2.41%) PostgreSQL
8 11 (2.04%) Big Data
9 9 (1.67%) Relational Database
10 6 (1.11%) RDBMS
11 4 (0.74%) Azure SQL Database
11 4 (0.74%) Blockchain
11 4 (0.74%) Data Warehouse
12 3 (0.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 3 (0.56%) Cosmos DB
12 3 (0.56%) MS Access
12 3 (0.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 2 (0.37%) Endeca
13 2 (0.37%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 191 (35.37%) Git (software)
2 95 (17.59%) webpack
3 94 (17.41%) gulp
4 91 (16.85%) Grunt
5 84 (15.56%) Jasmine
6 61 (11.30%) Jenkins
7 60 (11.11%) Karma Test Runner
8 55 (10.19%) Mocha
9 50 (9.26%) Subversion
10 39 (7.22%) JIRA
11 32 (5.93%) Selenium
12 27 (5.00%) Cucumber
12 27 (5.00%) Protractor
13 22 (4.07%) Mercurial
14 21 (3.89%) TeamCity
15 20 (3.70%) Bower
16 16 (2.96%) PhantomJS
17 14 (2.59%) JUnit
17 14 (2.59%) Maven
17 14 (2.59%) WebDriver
General
1 71 (13.15%) Finance
2 33 (6.11%) Banking
3 22 (4.07%) Marketing
3 22 (4.07%) Retail
4 10 (1.85%) Games
4 10 (1.85%) Investment Banking
5 9 (1.67%) Telecoms
6 8 (1.48%) Front Office
7 4 (0.74%) Financial Institution
7 4 (0.74%) Law
8 3 (0.56%) Retail Banking
9 2 (0.37%) Online Betting
10 1 (0.19%) Electronics
10 1 (0.19%) iGaming
10 1 (0.19%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.19%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 489 (90.56%) Developer
2 210 (38.89%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 166 (30.74%) JavaScript Developer
4 85 (15.74%) React Developer
5 83 (15.37%) UI Developer
6 82 (15.19%) HTML Developer
7 65 (12.04%) Angular Developer
8 52 (9.63%) HTML CSS Developer
9 45 (8.33%) Senior Developer
9 45 (8.33%) Web Developer
10 27 (5.00%) Full Stack Developer
11 26 (4.81%) Java Developer
12 23 (4.26%) Node.js Developer
13 18 (3.33%) Drupal Developer
13 18 (3.33%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 17 (3.15%) Senior Front-End Developer
15 16 (2.96%) C# Developer
15 16 (2.96%) Designer
16 15 (2.78%) PHP Developer
17 14 (2.59%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 509 (94.26%) CSS
2 454 (84.07%) Sass
3 446 (82.59%) HTML
4 298 (55.19%) HTML5
5 295 (54.63%) AngularJS
6 246 (45.56%) CSS3
7 230 (42.59%) React
8 154 (28.52%) jQuery
9 148 (27.41%) Node.js
10 121 (22.41%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 77 (14.26%) Angular 2
12 75 (13.89%) .NET
13 72 (13.33%) Backbone.js
14 64 (11.85%) KnockoutJS
14 64 (11.85%) Redux
15 62 (11.48%) RESTful
16 56 (10.37%) Web Services
17 44 (8.15%) Ajax
18 41 (7.59%) Vue (Vue.js)
19 38 (7.04%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 125 (23.15%) User Experience
2 48 (8.89%) Greenfield Project
3 32 (5.93%) Fintech
4 27 (5.00%) Mobile App
5 19 (3.52%) Derivative
5 19 (3.52%) Equity Derivative
6 12 (2.22%) Social Media
6 12 (2.22%) W3C
7 8 (1.48%) Algorithms
7 8 (1.48%) Data Structures
7 8 (1.48%) Equities
8 7 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
9 5 (0.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 5 (0.93%) Virtual Team
10 4 (0.74%) Analytical Skills
10 4 (0.74%) Animation
10 4 (0.74%) Computer Science
11 3 (0.56%) iPad
11 3 (0.56%) NHS
11 3 (0.56%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 18 (3.33%) Linux
2 11 (2.04%) Android
2 11 (2.04%) Apple iOS
3 6 (1.11%) Windows
4 4 (0.74%) Mac OS X
5 1 (0.19%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 292 (54.07%) Agile Software Development
2 262 (48.52%) Front End Development
3 182 (33.70%) TDD
4 122 (22.59%) Web Development
5 101 (18.70%) Responsive Web Design
6 93 (17.22%) Test Automation
7 78 (14.44%) Scrum
8 68 (12.59%) Unit Testing
9 62 (11.48%) MVC
10 59 (10.93%) BDD
11 53 (9.81%) E-Commerce
12 52 (9.63%) DevOps
13 50 (9.26%) Continuous Integration
13 50 (9.26%) Pair Programming
14 39 (7.22%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
14 39 (7.22%) OO
15 38 (7.04%) Wireframes
16 35 (6.48%) Analytics
17 34 (6.30%) Microservices
17 34 (6.30%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 471 (87.22%) JavaScript
2 116 (21.48%) ES6
3 80 (14.81%) TypeScript
4 79 (14.63%) Java
5 54 (10.00%) C#
6 41 (7.59%) PHP
7 26 (4.81%) SQL
8 20 (3.70%) Python
9 12 (2.22%) Scala
10 11 (2.04%) C
11 9 (1.67%) ES7
12 5 (0.93%) Ruby
13 4 (0.74%) Bash Shell
13 4 (0.74%) PowerShell
14 3 (0.56%) Shell Script
15 2 (0.37%) PL/SQL
15 2 (0.37%) T-SQL
16 1 (0.19%) Objective-C
16 1 (0.19%) Perl
16 1 (0.19%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 17 (3.15%) Degree
2 8 (1.48%) Security Cleared
3 6 (1.11%) SC Cleared
4 5 (0.93%) BPSS Clearance
4 5 (0.93%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (0.74%) Master's Degree
6 2 (0.37%) MCSD
6 2 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (2.96%) WCAG
2 13 (2.41%) QA
3 2 (0.37%) PMO
3 2 (0.37%) WAI
System Software
1 55 (10.19%) Docker
2 2 (0.37%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 40 (7.41%) Opscode Chef
2 24 (4.44%) Ansible
3 10 (1.85%) Puppet
4 7 (1.30%) Terraform
Vendors
1 33 (6.11%) Oracle
2 29 (5.37%) Microsoft
3 13 (2.41%) Adobe
4 11 (2.04%) Google
5 10 (1.85%) hybris
6 9 (1.67%) Sitecore
7 6 (1.11%) Coveo
7 6 (1.11%) Salesforce.com
8 4 (0.74%) IBM
9 3 (0.56%) ATG
9 3 (0.56%) Atlassian
9 3 (0.56%) Demandware
9 3 (0.56%) SAP
9 3 (0.56%) Zend
10 2 (0.37%) Optimizely
10 2 (0.37%) ServiceNow
10 2 (0.37%) Sun
11 1 (0.19%) Apple
11 1 (0.19%) Capita
11 1 (0.19%) TOWER Software