Period
to 6 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 6 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK > England
6 months to
6 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 123 82 80
Rank change year-on-year -41 -2 -3
Contract jobs citing OO 1,504 3,050 2,889
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.02% 3.18% 3.02%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.35% 3.65% 3.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,069 2,175 2,195
England median daily rate £500 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.56% +14.71%
10th Percentile £334 £363 £338
90th Percentile £700 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 30 65
England median hourly rate £45.00 £41.75 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.78% -7.22% +9.76%
10th Percentile £31.01 £26.39 £32.70
90th Percentile £58.00 £48.88 £51.34
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £42.75 £45.00
% change year-on-year +2.92% -5.00% +8.43%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 63,919 83,559 82,589
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.97% 87.12% 86.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 42,274 56,061 55,568
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,003 2,124 1,950
England median hourly rate £23.75 £22.00 £23.32
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.95% -5.66% +3.64%
10th Percentile £11.88 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.75 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £22.10 £23.00
% change year-on-year +6.35% -3.92% +2.22%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing OO as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for OO in England

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing OO in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for OO in England

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO in England over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for OO in England

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for OO in England

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO in England over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for OO in England

OO
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the England region over the 6 months to 6 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -28 880 £550 - 372
South East -73 191 £425 -10.53% 180
North of England -62 136 £413 -1.79% 180
South West -30 125 £480 +12.94% 109
East of England +29 84 £425 -2.86% 69
Midlands -30 83 £343 -22.16% 122
North West -27 77 £400 -3.61% 104
Yorkshire -40 46 £413 -2.37% 57
West Midlands -28 44 £338 -20.59% 70
East Midlands +14 38 £365 -18.89% 52
North East -5 13 £428 -5.00% 19
OO
UK

For the 6 months to 6 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for OO.

1 755 (50.20%) Agile Software Development
2 608 (40.43%) JavaScript
3 537 (35.70%) Java
4 472 (31.38%) TDD
5 451 (29.99%) C#
6 431 (28.66%) OOP
7 403 (26.80%) HTML
8 367 (24.40%) CSS
9 350 (23.27%) .NET
10 344 (22.87%) Finance
11 341 (22.67%) React
12 325 (21.61%) OOD
13 296 (19.68%) Continuous Integration
13 296 (19.68%) AngularJS
14 286 (19.02%) DevOps
15 284 (18.88%) SQL
16 261 (17.35%) Python
17 259 (17.22%) Software Engineering
18 244 (16.22%) Test Automation
19 232 (15.43%) Scrum
20 225 (14.96%) Microservices
21 224 (14.89%) Git (software)
22 221 (14.69%) SQL Server
23 198 (13.16%) RESTful
24 192 (12.77%) Azure
25 191 (12.70%) HTML5
26 182 (12.10%) Analytical Skills
27 181 (12.03%) Spring
28 178 (11.84%) MVC
28 178 (11.84%) Security Cleared

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (3.52%) Confluence
2 40 (2.66%) Apache Spark
3 36 (2.39%) Elasticsearch
4 35 (2.33%) Apache
5 29 (1.93%) CMS
6 27 (1.80%) JBoss
7 26 (1.73%) Cloud Foundry
8 21 (1.40%) nginx
9 20 (1.33%) Tomcat
10 15 (1.00%) WebLogic
11 12 (0.80%) SharePoint
12 10 (0.66%) Drupal
13 9 (0.60%) Apache Airflow
13 9 (0.60%) SAP Portal
14 8 (0.53%) WordPress
15 7 (0.47%) Luigi
16 6 (0.40%) Jupyter
16 6 (0.40%) Moodle
16 6 (0.40%) WebSphere
17 5 (0.33%) Umbraco
Applications
1 12 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.27%) Photoshop
2 4 (0.27%) Windchill
3 3 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
4 2 (0.13%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.13%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.13%) Simulink
5 1 (0.066%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.066%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.066%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 22 (1.46%) Magento
2 10 (0.66%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 8 (0.53%) SAP PSCD
4 6 (0.40%) Payment Gateway
5 5 (0.33%) Eikon
6 4 (0.27%) FINCAD Analytics
6 4 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
6 4 (0.27%) SAP S/4HANA
7 3 (0.20%) BASE24
7 3 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
7 3 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.13%) Elite 3E
8 2 (0.13%) SAP CO
8 2 (0.13%) SAP FI
8 2 (0.13%) SAP FI/CO
8 2 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 1 (0.066%) BusinessWorks
9 1 (0.066%) Dynamics AX
9 1 (0.066%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 1 (0.066%) SAP MDG
Cloud Services
1 192 (12.77%) Azure
2 169 (11.24%) AWS
3 63 (4.19%) GCP
4 52 (3.46%) GitHub
5 51 (3.39%) Serverless
6 42 (2.79%) AWS Lambda
7 24 (1.60%) Amazon S3
8 18 (1.20%) Amazon Kinesis
9 15 (1.00%) PaaS
10 13 (0.86%) CloudFront
10 13 (0.86%) npm
10 13 (0.86%) Power Platform
11 12 (0.80%) AWS CloudFormation
11 12 (0.80%) OpenShift
11 12 (0.80%) SaaS
12 10 (0.66%) Cloud Computing
12 10 (0.66%) Heroku
13 8 (0.53%) Amazon EC2
13 8 (0.53%) Amazon ECS
13 8 (0.53%) TestFlight
Communications & Networking
1 45 (2.99%) Internet
2 32 (2.13%) DNS
3 23 (1.53%) HTTP
4 14 (0.93%) Multicast
5 13 (0.86%) SSL
6 9 (0.60%) Network Security
7 8 (0.53%) FTP
7 8 (0.53%) SSH
7 8 (0.53%) TCP/IP
8 5 (0.33%) DHCP
8 5 (0.33%) IPsec
9 4 (0.27%) Wi-Fi
10 3 (0.20%) ATM
10 3 (0.20%) Firewall
11 2 (0.13%) HTTPS
11 2 (0.13%) LAN
11 2 (0.13%) SAN
11 2 (0.13%) VLAN
11 2 (0.13%) WAN
11 2 (0.13%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 221 (14.69%) SQL Server
2 134 (8.91%) Relational Database
3 130 (8.64%) NoSQL
4 94 (6.25%) MySQL
5 67 (4.45%) MongoDB
6 60 (3.99%) PostgreSQL
7 51 (3.39%) Big Data
8 30 (1.99%) Hadoop
9 28 (1.86%) RDBMS
10 27 (1.80%) Flink
11 24 (1.60%) Redis
12 19 (1.26%) Apache Cassandra
12 19 (1.26%) Oracle Database
13 15 (1.00%) SAP BW
14 13 (0.86%) Amazon Redshift
14 13 (0.86%) Power BI
15 12 (0.80%) BusinessObjects
15 12 (0.80%) Data Lake
16 11 (0.73%) KDB
16 11 (0.73%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 224 (14.89%) Git (software)
2 113 (7.51%) Jenkins
3 111 (7.38%) JIRA
4 74 (4.92%) JUnit
5 64 (4.26%) Cucumber
6 60 (3.99%) Maven
7 51 (3.39%) Selenium
8 50 (3.32%) Subversion
8 50 (3.32%) Team Foundation Server
9 49 (3.26%) webpack
10 48 (3.19%) Visual Studio
10 48 (3.19%) Visual Studio Team System
11 47 (3.13%) gulp
12 43 (2.86%) Jasmine
13 32 (2.13%) Eclipse
14 31 (2.06%) TeamCity
15 30 (1.99%) Grunt
16 29 (1.93%) NUnit
17 27 (1.80%) git-flow
18 23 (1.53%) Bitbucket
General
1 344 (22.87%) Finance
2 135 (8.98%) Banking
3 74 (4.92%) Front Office
4 49 (3.26%) Public Sector
5 40 (2.66%) Retail
6 36 (2.39%) Investment Banking
7 35 (2.33%) Military
8 32 (2.13%) Games
9 31 (2.06%) Marketing
10 27 (1.80%) Manufacturing
11 25 (1.66%) Telecoms
12 19 (1.26%) Back Office
13 15 (1.00%) Electronics
14 9 (0.60%) Law
15 6 (0.40%) Advertising
16 5 (0.33%) Aerospace
16 5 (0.33%) Automotive
17 4 (0.27%) International Banking
17 4 (0.27%) Publishing
18 3 (0.20%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,107 (73.60%) Developer
2 226 (15.03%) Java Developer
3 187 (12.43%) C# Developer
4 161 (10.70%) Senior Developer
5 152 (10.11%) Software Engineer
6 145 (9.64%) .NET Developer
7 135 (8.98%) React Developer
8 110 (7.31%) Full Stack Developer
9 87 (5.78%) Python Developer
10 77 (5.12%) JavaScript Developer
11 66 (4.39%) PHP Developer
12 61 (4.06%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 59 (3.92%) Software Developer
14 55 (3.66%) C# .NET Developer
15 52 (3.46%) Architect
16 47 (3.13%) Senior Java Developer
17 41 (2.73%) Applications Developer
18 40 (2.66%) Angular Developer
19 39 (2.59%) Java Engineer
20 38 (2.53%) C++ Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 403 (26.80%) HTML
2 367 (24.40%) CSS
3 350 (23.27%) .NET
4 341 (22.67%) React
5 296 (19.68%) AngularJS
6 198 (13.16%) RESTful
7 191 (12.70%) HTML5
8 181 (12.03%) Spring
9 176 (11.70%) Web Services
10 173 (11.50%) Node.js
11 135 (8.98%) REST
12 121 (8.05%) Redux
13 112 (7.45%) Kafka
14 104 (6.91%) CSS3
15 98 (6.52%) jQuery
16 97 (6.45%) ASP.NET
17 96 (6.38%) Vue.js
18 90 (5.98%) XML
19 79 (5.25%) Sass
20 75 (4.99%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 182 (12.10%) Analytical Skills
2 139 (9.24%) Data Structures
3 125 (8.31%) Greenfield Project
4 112 (7.45%) Algorithms
5 99 (6.58%) Equities
6 79 (5.25%) Hedge funds
7 77 (5.12%) User Experience
8 68 (4.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 57 (3.79%) Mobile App
10 45 (2.99%) Enterprise Software
11 37 (2.46%) Self-Motivation
12 33 (2.19%) Fixed Income
13 29 (1.93%) Derivative
14 22 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
15 17 (1.13%) Virtual Team
16 13 (0.86%) Embedded Systems
16 13 (0.86%) Management Information System
17 12 (0.80%) Public Cloud
18 10 (0.66%) Digital Media
18 10 (0.66%) Mobile Payment
Operating Systems
1 169 (11.24%) Linux
2 113 (7.51%) Unix
3 84 (5.59%) Windows
4 51 (3.39%) Android
4 51 (3.39%) Apple iOS
5 8 (0.53%) Mac OS
6 6 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
7 4 (0.27%) Solaris
8 3 (0.20%) HPUX
9 2 (0.13%) Embedded Linux
9 2 (0.13%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.13%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.13%) VMS
9 2 (0.13%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.066%) AIX
10 1 (0.066%) CentOS
10 1 (0.066%) OpenVMS
10 1 (0.066%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 755 (50.20%) Agile Software Development
2 472 (31.38%) TDD
3 431 (28.66%) OOP
4 325 (21.61%) OOD
5 296 (19.68%) Continuous Integration
6 286 (19.02%) DevOps
7 259 (17.22%) Software Engineering
8 244 (16.22%) Test Automation
9 232 (15.43%) Scrum
10 225 (14.96%) Microservices
11 178 (11.84%) MVC
12 170 (11.30%) Problem-Solving
13 161 (10.70%) Unit Testing
14 160 (10.64%) Computer Science
15 139 (9.24%) BDD
16 137 (9.11%) SOLID
17 127 (8.44%) Multithreading
18 105 (6.98%) Front End Development
19 104 (6.91%) Mathematics
20 102 (6.78%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 608 (40.43%) JavaScript
2 537 (35.70%) Java
3 451 (29.99%) C#
4 284 (18.88%) SQL
5 261 (17.35%) Python
6 163 (10.84%) C++
7 108 (7.18%) PHP
8 100 (6.65%) Java 8
9 98 (6.52%) ES6
10 90 (5.98%) C
11 80 (5.32%) TypeScript
12 46 (3.06%) ABAP
13 44 (2.93%) Ruby
14 38 (2.53%) Scala
15 33 (2.19%) Apple Swift
15 33 (2.19%) T-SQL
16 32 (2.13%) Shell Script
17 24 (1.60%) Objective-C
17 24 (1.60%) R
18 20 (1.33%) ES7
Qualifications
1 178 (11.84%) Security Cleared
2 140 (9.31%) SC Cleared
3 129 (8.58%) Degree
4 66 (4.39%) DV Cleared
5 25 (1.66%) Computer Science Degree
6 10 (0.66%) AWS Certification
6 10 (0.66%) Master's Degree
7 6 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
8 5 (0.33%) PhD
9 4 (0.27%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.13%) ISEB
10 2 (0.13%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.066%) ITIL Certification
11 1 (0.066%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 1 (0.066%) MCP
11 1 (0.066%) MCSE
11 1 (0.066%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (2.93%) QA
2 16 (1.06%) WCAG
3 8 (0.53%) MiFID
4 6 (0.40%) EMIR
4 6 (0.40%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.27%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.13%) Solvency II
7 1 (0.066%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.066%) Dodd-Frank
7 1 (0.066%) GDPR
7 1 (0.066%) RosettaNet
7 1 (0.066%) SLA
System Software
1 107 (7.11%) Docker
2 18 (1.20%) Virtual Machines
3 7 (0.47%) HDFS
3 7 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.27%) Active Directory
5 3 (0.20%) vSphere
6 2 (0.13%) Firmware
7 1 (0.066%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.066%) GridGain
7 1 (0.066%) Microsoft App-V
7 1 (0.066%) NFS
Systems Management
1 107 (7.11%) Kubernetes
2 33 (2.19%) Terraform
3 27 (1.80%) Ansible
4 19 (1.26%) Puppet
5 14 (0.93%) Opscode Chef
6 8 (0.53%) Grafana
7 7 (0.47%) Marathon
7 7 (0.47%) Mesos
8 6 (0.40%) HAProxy
9 5 (0.33%) HP ALM
10 3 (0.20%) Graphite
11 2 (0.13%) CA Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.13%) Control-M
11 2 (0.13%) HP Operations Orchestration
11 2 (0.13%) Kibana
11 2 (0.13%) OpenView Configuration Management
11 2 (0.13%) SCOM
12 1 (0.066%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 176 (11.70%) Microsoft
2 132 (8.78%) Oracle
3 72 (4.79%) SAP
4 62 (4.12%) Google
5 36 (2.39%) Salesforce.com
6 33 (2.19%) Remedy
7 29 (1.93%) Apple
8 26 (1.73%) webMethods
9 21 (1.40%) IBM
10 18 (1.20%) Zend
11 17 (1.13%) Adobe
11 17 (1.13%) Informatica
12 15 (1.00%) Tableau
13 14 (0.93%) Atlassian
14 13 (0.86%) Solace
15 12 (0.80%) Xamarin
16 11 (0.73%) HP
16 11 (0.73%) hybris
17 10 (0.66%) Demandware
17 10 (0.66%) IBM Sterling