Period
to 17 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 17 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK > England
6 months to
17 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 84 79 70
Rank change year-on-year -5 -9 -7
Contract jobs citing OO 2,567 2,788 2,879
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.87% 3.02% 3.24%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.29% 3.51% 3.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,822 2,133 2,072
England median daily rate £500 £500 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +14.29% +2.94%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £313
90th Percentile £650 £650 £613
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £430
% change year-on-year +5.26% +10.40% +3.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 45 63
England median hourly rate £43.71 £45.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.87% +9.76% -4.84%
10th Percentile £33.00 £35.95 £32.10
90th Percentile £60.00 £49.50 £48.50
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £45.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year -2.22% +9.76% -4.09%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 77,994 79,490 75,880
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.22% 86.06% 85.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,105 53,512 50,454
England median daily rate £475 £450 £435
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +3.45% +2.35%
10th Percentile £305 £288 £265
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,964 1,925 2,154
England median hourly rate £23.84 £24.00 £24.42
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.69% -1.72% +6.17%
10th Percentile £11.37 £11.50 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.25 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £23.84 £24.00 £24.00
% change year-on-year -0.69% - +1.05%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing OO as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for OO in England

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing OO in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for OO in England

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO in England over the 6 months to 17 February 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for OO in England

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for OO in England

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO in England over the 6 months to 17 February 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for OO in England

OO
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the England region over the 6 months to 17 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 1,465 £550 +4.76% 430
South East +51 457 £475 - 214
North of England -26 237 £425 +6.25% 268
Midlands +3 169 £439 +10.16% 137
South West +15 149 £425 +17.24% 125
North West +20 111 £413 +11.86% 135
West Midlands 0 103 £388 +3.33% 77
Yorkshire -47 97 £441 +10.31% 107
East of England -12 87 £430 -4.44% 136
East Midlands -5 62 £450 +5.88% 60
North East +8 29 £429 +14.40% 26
OO
UK

For the 6 months to 17 February 2019, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for OO.

1 1,470 (57.27%) Agile Software Development
2 1,086 (42.31%) Java
3 898 (34.98%) JavaScript
4 882 (34.36%) TDD
5 664 (25.87%) C#
6 637 (24.81%) HTML
7 606 (23.61%) CSS
8 570 (22.20%) OOP
9 545 (21.23%) Continuous Integration
10 536 (20.88%) Git (software)
11 527 (20.53%) .NET
12 519 (20.22%) SQL
13 507 (19.75%) Finance
14 492 (19.17%) Test Automation
15 483 (18.82%) Amazon AWS
16 477 (18.58%) Scrum
17 426 (16.60%) AngularJS
18 420 (16.36%) Python
19 415 (16.17%) MVC
20 405 (15.78%) Microservices
21 398 (15.50%) OOD
22 388 (15.11%) Microsoft Azure
23 387 (15.08%) HTML5
24 377 (14.69%) Oracle
25 365 (14.22%) RESTful
26 359 (13.99%) React
27 354 (13.79%) SQL Server
27 354 (13.79%) Software Engineering
28 337 (13.13%) BDD
29 329 (12.82%) Jenkins

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 186 (7.25%) WebLogic
2 171 (6.66%) WebSphere
3 155 (6.04%) Tomcat
4 154 (6.00%) Confluence
5 128 (4.99%) OpenStack
6 74 (2.88%) Apache
7 63 (2.45%) CMS
8 56 (2.18%) JBoss
9 51 (1.99%) Apache Spark
10 47 (1.83%) Elasticsearch
11 44 (1.71%) SharePoint
12 33 (1.29%) WildFly
13 31 (1.21%) Drupal
14 24 (0.93%) Cloud Foundry
15 18 (0.70%) Commerce Server
16 16 (0.62%) IPython
16 16 (0.62%) WordPress
17 15 (0.58%) Apache Qpid
17 15 (0.58%) nginx
18 14 (0.55%) Documentum
Applications
1 26 (1.01%) Photoshop
2 14 (0.55%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.16%) Fireworks
6 2 (0.078%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.078%) Maya
6 2 (0.078%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.078%) Snapchat
6 2 (0.078%) Windchill
7 1 (0.039%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.039%) CATIA
Business Applications
1 28 (1.09%) Magento
2 16 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
3 13 (0.51%) SAP Hybris
4 11 (0.43%) Actimize
4 11 (0.43%) Oracle BPM
5 10 (0.39%) SAP ERP
6 7 (0.27%) Endur
7 6 (0.23%) Markit EDM
7 6 (0.23%) Unit4 Business World
8 5 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
9 4 (0.16%) HFM
9 4 (0.16%) Maximo
9 4 (0.16%) PeopleSoft HCM
9 4 (0.16%) Workday HCM
10 3 (0.12%) BASE24
11 2 (0.078%) Adobe Campaign
11 2 (0.078%) SAP PSCD
11 2 (0.078%) SAP S/4HANA
12 1 (0.039%) Distributed Ledger
12 1 (0.039%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 483 (18.82%) Amazon AWS
2 388 (15.11%) Microsoft Azure
3 99 (3.86%) GitHub
4 77 (3.00%) Serverless
5 51 (1.99%) AWS Lambda
5 51 (1.99%) Google Cloud Platform
6 40 (1.56%) AWS CloudFormation
7 31 (1.21%) Apigee
8 29 (1.13%) PaaS
9 28 (1.09%) SaaS
10 25 (0.97%) OpenShift
11 23 (0.90%) Amazon EC2
11 23 (0.90%) Heroku
12 19 (0.74%) Amazon Kinesis
12 19 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
13 18 (0.70%) Amazon S3
14 16 (0.62%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 15 (0.58%) npm
16 14 (0.55%) Google App Engine
17 13 (0.51%) MailChimp
Communications & Networking
1 138 (5.38%) HTTP
2 74 (2.88%) SSL
3 65 (2.53%) TCP/IP
4 43 (1.68%) DNS
5 39 (1.52%) FTP
6 34 (1.32%) DHCP
6 34 (1.32%) Internet
7 29 (1.13%) IPsec
8 15 (0.58%) Kerberos
9 10 (0.39%) HTTPS
9 10 (0.39%) Intranet
9 10 (0.39%) SSH
10 9 (0.35%) Firewall
10 9 (0.35%) SMTP
10 9 (0.35%) Wi-Fi
11 8 (0.31%) Bluetooth
12 7 (0.27%) AMQP
12 7 (0.27%) SAN
12 7 (0.27%) SNMP
13 6 (0.23%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 354 (13.79%) SQL Server
2 327 (12.74%) MySQL
3 316 (12.31%) NoSQL
4 288 (11.22%) Relational Database
5 200 (7.79%) PostgreSQL
6 128 (4.99%) MongoDB
7 104 (4.05%) RDBMS
8 61 (2.38%) Big Data
8 61 (2.38%) Hadoop
9 60 (2.34%) Apache Cassandra
10 46 (1.79%) Data Warehouse
11 34 (1.32%) Redis
12 25 (0.97%) Amazon RDS
12 25 (0.97%) Apache Hive
13 23 (0.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 23 (0.90%) SQL Server 2012
13 23 (0.90%) SQL Server 2014
14 22 (0.86%) Oracle Database
15 21 (0.82%) Data Lake
15 21 (0.82%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 536 (20.88%) Git (software)
2 329 (12.82%) Jenkins
3 229 (8.92%) JIRA
4 215 (8.38%) Maven
5 183 (7.13%) NUnit
6 174 (6.78%) Selenium
7 157 (6.12%) MSTest
8 141 (5.49%) JUnit
9 128 (4.99%) Subversion
10 119 (4.64%) Team Foundation Server
11 91 (3.54%) Visual Studio
11 91 (3.54%) Visual Studio Team System
12 86 (3.35%) Jasmine
13 84 (3.27%) WebDriver
14 79 (3.08%) Eclipse
15 78 (3.04%) Cucumber
16 77 (3.00%) webpack
17 76 (2.96%) Mockito
18 65 (2.53%) TeamCity
19 60 (2.34%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 507 (19.75%) Finance
2 209 (8.14%) Banking
3 92 (3.58%) Front Office
4 84 (3.27%) Retail
5 65 (2.53%) Investment Banking
6 56 (2.18%) Marketing
7 41 (1.60%) Telecoms
8 34 (1.32%) Manufacturing
9 29 (1.13%) Electronics
10 27 (1.05%) Games
10 27 (1.05%) Legal
11 26 (1.01%) Back Office
12 18 (0.70%) Publishing
13 16 (0.62%) Financial Institution
13 16 (0.62%) Law
14 14 (0.55%) Aerospace
15 10 (0.39%) Advertising
16 9 (0.35%) Retail Banking
17 8 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
18 7 (0.27%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,929 (75.15%) Developer
2 527 (20.53%) Java Developer
3 244 (9.51%) C# Developer
4 229 (8.92%) .NET Developer
5 220 (8.57%) Senior Developer
6 196 (7.64%) React Developer
7 151 (5.88%) JavaScript Developer
8 134 (5.22%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 126 (4.91%) Full Stack Developer
10 123 (4.79%) Software Engineer
11 122 (4.75%) Architect
12 120 (4.67%) PHP Developer
13 112 (4.36%) Software Developer
14 109 (4.25%) Python Developer
15 101 (3.93%) C# .NET Developer
16 88 (3.43%) AWS Developer
17 83 (3.23%) Tester
18 72 (2.80%) Angular Developer
19 71 (2.77%) ASP.NET Developer
20 70 (2.73%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 637 (24.81%) HTML
2 606 (23.61%) CSS
3 527 (20.53%) .NET
4 426 (16.60%) AngularJS
5 387 (15.08%) HTML5
6 365 (14.22%) RESTful
7 359 (13.99%) React
8 312 (12.15%) REST
9 308 (12.00%) Web Services
10 304 (11.84%) Spring
11 252 (9.82%) jQuery
12 236 (9.19%) Node.js
13 230 (8.96%) ASP.NET
14 216 (8.41%) CSS3
15 174 (6.78%) Redux
16 168 (6.54%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 166 (6.47%) Hibernate
18 164 (6.39%) ASP.NET Web API
19 156 (6.08%) XML
20 155 (6.04%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 219 (8.53%) Analytical Skills
2 194 (7.56%) Algorithms
3 190 (7.40%) Data Structures
4 158 (6.16%) User Experience
5 153 (5.96%) Greenfield Project
6 93 (3.62%) Derivative
6 93 (3.62%) Mobile App
7 83 (3.23%) Fintech
8 65 (2.53%) Linux Command Line
9 63 (2.45%) Self-Motivation
10 61 (2.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 57 (2.22%) Fixed Income
12 45 (1.75%) Hedge funds
13 33 (1.29%) Equities
14 31 (1.21%) Client/Server
15 27 (1.05%) Cloud Native
16 22 (0.86%) Enterprise Software
16 22 (0.86%) iPhone
17 21 (0.82%) Data Centre
18 20 (0.78%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 316 (12.31%) Linux
2 279 (10.87%) Unix
3 125 (4.87%) Windows
4 104 (4.05%) Android
5 97 (3.78%) Apple iOS
6 44 (1.71%) VMS
7 25 (0.97%) Windows Server
8 19 (0.74%) Solaris
9 10 (0.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 7 (0.27%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
12 5 (0.19%) SUSE
12 5 (0.19%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 5 (0.19%) tvOS
12 5 (0.19%) Windows 10
12 5 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
13 4 (0.16%) Embedded Linux
13 4 (0.16%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.078%) Debian
14 2 (0.078%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,470 (57.27%) Agile Software Development
2 882 (34.36%) TDD
3 570 (22.20%) OOP
4 545 (21.23%) Continuous Integration
5 492 (19.17%) Test Automation
6 477 (18.58%) Scrum
7 415 (16.17%) MVC
8 405 (15.78%) Microservices
9 398 (15.50%) OOD
10 354 (13.79%) Software Engineering
11 337 (13.13%) BDD
12 313 (12.19%) DevOps
13 276 (10.75%) Problem-Solving
14 237 (9.23%) Multithreading
15 225 (8.77%) Unit Testing
16 224 (8.73%) Computer Science
17 216 (8.41%) Open Source
18 195 (7.60%) SOLID
19 184 (7.17%) E-Commerce
20 177 (6.90%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 1,086 (42.31%) Java
2 898 (34.98%) JavaScript
3 664 (25.87%) C#
4 519 (20.22%) SQL
5 420 (16.36%) Python
6 221 (8.61%) C++
7 218 (8.49%) Java 8
8 205 (7.99%) PHP
9 122 (4.75%) ES6
10 110 (4.29%) TypeScript
11 93 (3.62%) T-SQL
12 69 (2.69%) Apple Swift
12 69 (2.69%) C
13 67 (2.61%) Shell Script
14 65 (2.53%) Perl
15 63 (2.45%) PL/SQL
16 62 (2.42%) Scala
17 53 (2.06%) Objective-C
18 39 (1.52%) Kotlin
19 37 (1.44%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 240 (9.35%) Degree
2 189 (7.36%) Security Cleared
3 142 (5.53%) SC Cleared
4 84 (3.27%) Computer Science Degree
5 33 (1.29%) DV Cleared
6 28 (1.09%) Master's Degree
7 18 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
8 10 (0.39%) PhD
8 10 (0.39%) Sun Certification
9 9 (0.35%) ISEB
10 8 (0.31%) ISTQB
10 8 (0.31%) Numerate Degree
11 7 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
12 5 (0.19%) DBS Check
13 3 (0.12%) CISA
13 3 (0.12%) OCA
13 3 (0.12%) OCAJ
13 3 (0.12%) Oracle Certification
14 2 (0.078%) BC Cleared
14 2 (0.078%) CFA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 123 (4.79%) QA
2 5 (0.19%) Data Quality
2 5 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
2 5 (0.19%) MiFID
3 4 (0.16%) EMIR
3 4 (0.16%) HL7
3 4 (0.16%) WCAG
4 3 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
4 3 (0.12%) ECSS
4 3 (0.12%) MIL-STD-1553
4 3 (0.12%) PSD2
5 2 (0.078%) GDPR
5 2 (0.078%) Government Security Classifications
5 2 (0.078%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.078%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.039%) GxP
6 1 (0.039%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.039%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.039%) JTAG
6 1 (0.039%) SLA
System Software
1 230 (8.96%) Docker
2 47 (1.83%) Virtual Machines
3 15 (0.58%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 13 (0.51%) Active Directory
4 13 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.47%) HDFS
6 10 (0.39%) vSphere
7 5 (0.19%) Firmware
7 5 (0.19%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.16%) KVM
8 4 (0.16%) Shibboleth
8 4 (0.16%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
8 4 (0.16%) VirtualBox
8 4 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.078%) Slurm Workload Manager
Systems Management
1 213 (8.30%) Puppet
2 188 (7.32%) Opscode Chef
3 184 (7.17%) Ansible
4 119 (4.64%) Kubernetes
5 41 (1.60%) Terraform
6 12 (0.47%) HP Operations Orchestration
7 10 (0.39%) HockeyApp
8 9 (0.35%) Kibana
9 6 (0.23%) Control-M
9 6 (0.23%) Grafana
9 6 (0.23%) ITRS Geneos
9 6 (0.23%) logstash
10 5 (0.19%) CFEngine
11 4 (0.16%) Data Guard
11 4 (0.16%) HP ALM
11 4 (0.16%) Prometheus
11 4 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
11 4 (0.16%) Tivoli
12 3 (0.12%) Rancher
12 3 (0.12%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 377 (14.69%) Oracle
2 181 (7.05%) Microsoft
3 77 (3.00%) SAP
4 60 (2.34%) Atlassian
5 57 (2.22%) Google
6 51 (1.99%) Adobe
7 50 (1.95%) Sybase
8 28 (1.09%) Zend
9 27 (1.05%) BEA
9 27 (1.05%) HP
9 27 (1.05%) Pega
10 24 (0.93%) hybris
10 24 (0.93%) Twitter
11 23 (0.90%) Apple
12 22 (0.86%) TIBCO
13 20 (0.78%) IBM
14 19 (0.74%) DevExpress
14 19 (0.74%) webMethods
15 18 (0.70%) Salesforce.com
15 18 (0.70%) Xamarin