Period
to 22 July 2018

The median contractor rate for a Tester was £388 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Tester
UK
6 months to
22 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 211 203 212
Rank change year-on-year -8 +9 -14
Contract jobs requiring a Tester 1,344 1,268 1,368
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.30% 1.32% 1.24%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.37% 1.39% 1.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 913 743 893
UK median daily rate £388 £350 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.71% - +7.69%
10th Percentile £263 £213 £225
90th Percentile £506 £500 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £360 £325 £325
% change year-on-year +10.77% - +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 15 16
UK median hourly rate £36.00 £16.08 £41.15
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +123.88% -60.92% +10.46%
10th Percentile £10.50 £10.00 £9.50
90th Percentile £175.00 £59.00 £112.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £15.54 £43.50
% change year-on-year +125.23% -64.28% +20.83%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 98,001 91,080 104,622
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.84% 94.94% 95.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 64,208 59,037 68,093
UK median daily rate £450 £428 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.14% +0.71% +6.25%
10th Percentile £269 £263 £256
90th Percentile £638 £619 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +3.13% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,166 2,930 3,110
UK median hourly rate £18.50 £18.50 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -2.63% +8.57%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.32
90th Percentile £48.75 £50.00 £47.39
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £19.00
% change year-on-year - -7.89% +11.76%

Tester
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Tester in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Tester.

Contractor daily rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester within the UK over the 6 months to 22 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -22 1,185 £390 +11.50% 341
UK excluding London -6 813 £360 +10.77% 258
London -27 511 £425 +6.25% 103
North of England -28 208 £361 +10.93% 65
South East -29 202 £375 +15.38% 65
Yorkshire -5 120 £350 - 25
Midlands +35 108 £360 +4.73% 50
Scotland 0 99 £350 +3.70% 12
East of England +12 85 £395 +21.54% 29
North West -18 71 £400 +18.96% 39
West Midlands +7 69 £360 +10.77% 37
South West -4 69 £350 +4.48% 26
East Midlands +16 39 £350 -3.45% 13
Wales +6 30 £388 +103.95% 8
North East -31 17 £325 +8.33% 1
Northern Ireland +31 13 £325 +30.00% 1

Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 22 July 2018, Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Tester in the job title.

1 878 (65.33%) Test Automation
2 692 (51.49%) Agile Software Development
3 549 (40.85%) Selenium
4 435 (32.37%) Java
5 330 (24.55%) SQL
6 319 (23.74%) QA
7 316 (23.51%) Cucumber
8 286 (21.28%) BDD
9 267 (19.87%) Test Scripting
10 250 (18.60%) JIRA
11 231 (17.19%) C#
12 228 (16.96%) WebDriver
13 221 (16.44%) Scrum
14 200 (14.88%) Finance
15 187 (13.91%) TDD
16 176 (13.10%) Jenkins
17 172 (12.80%) Performance Testing
18 170 (12.65%) API Testing
19 166 (12.35%) JavaScript
20 165 (12.28%) Functional Testing
21 164 (12.20%) Test Strategy
22 162 (12.05%) Continuous Integration
23 153 (11.38%) SoapUI
24 130 (9.67%) SpecFlow
24 130 (9.67%) Regression Testing
25 127 (9.45%) Security Cleared
26 125 (9.30%) .NET
27 121 (9.00%) JMeter
27 121 (9.00%) Scenario Testing
28 119 (8.85%) Git (software)

Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 98 (7.29%) Confluence
2 34 (2.53%) CMS
3 15 (1.12%) WebLogic
4 12 (0.89%) Elasticsearch
4 12 (0.89%) Sitecore CMS
5 8 (0.60%) SharePoint
6 7 (0.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 7 (0.52%) Apache
6 7 (0.52%) Apache Spark
6 7 (0.52%) WebSphere
7 6 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
7 6 (0.45%) Drupal
8 5 (0.37%) Oracle Service Bus
8 5 (0.37%) Orchard CMS
9 4 (0.30%) Apache Solr
9 4 (0.30%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
9 4 (0.30%) Umbraco
10 3 (0.22%) GemFire
10 3 (0.22%) IIS
10 3 (0.22%) Tomcat
Applications
1 33 (2.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (1.41%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.15%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.074%) HipChat
5 1 (0.074%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 11 (0.82%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.52%) SAP S/4HANA
3 4 (0.30%) Magento
4 3 (0.22%) Markit EDM
4 3 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
4 3 (0.22%) SAP HR
4 3 (0.22%) WebTrends
5 2 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.074%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.074%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.074%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.074%) Oracle Financials
6 1 (0.074%) Oracle Retail
6 1 (0.074%) SAP EWM
6 1 (0.074%) SAP FI
6 1 (0.074%) SAP MM
6 1 (0.074%) SAP Payroll
6 1 (0.074%) SAP SD
6 1 (0.074%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 77 (5.73%) Amazon AWS
2 69 (5.13%) Microsoft Azure
3 27 (2.01%) GitHub
4 20 (1.49%) Sauce Labs
5 14 (1.04%) BrowserStack
6 13 (0.97%) BlazeMeter
7 12 (0.89%) AWS Lambda
8 11 (0.82%) SaaS
9 10 (0.74%) Slack
10 9 (0.67%) Amazon SQS
10 9 (0.67%) IaaS
10 9 (0.67%) Office 365
10 9 (0.67%) Serverless
11 7 (0.52%) Google Cloud Platform
12 6 (0.45%) PaaS
13 5 (0.37%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 4 (0.30%) Adobe Analytics
14 4 (0.30%) npm
15 3 (0.22%) Azure Data Factory
15 3 (0.22%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 20 (1.49%) HTTP
1 20 (1.49%) Internet
2 9 (0.67%) DSL
3 7 (0.52%) SMS
4 5 (0.37%) DNS
4 5 (0.37%) PuTTY
4 5 (0.37%) WinSCP
5 4 (0.30%) Wireshark
6 3 (0.22%) 2G
6 3 (0.22%) 3G
6 3 (0.22%) 4G
6 3 (0.22%) DHCP
6 3 (0.22%) Firewall
6 3 (0.22%) GGSN
6 3 (0.22%) SGSN
6 3 (0.22%) SS7
7 2 (0.15%) Bluetooth
7 2 (0.15%) FTP
7 2 (0.15%) Kerberos
7 2 (0.15%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 69 (5.13%) SQL Server
2 34 (2.53%) MySQL
3 32 (2.38%) Data Warehouse
4 31 (2.31%) Oracle Database
5 27 (2.01%) Big Data
6 26 (1.93%) Hadoop
6 26 (1.93%) MongoDB
6 26 (1.93%) PostgreSQL
6 26 (1.93%) Relational Database
7 12 (0.89%) SQL Server 2016
8 11 (0.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 11 (0.82%) Oracle Database 11g
8 11 (0.82%) SQL Server 2012
9 10 (0.74%) Oracle Reports
10 9 (0.67%) Amazon RDS
10 9 (0.67%) Oracle BI EE
10 9 (0.67%) Oracle Database 10g
11 8 (0.60%) HBase
11 8 (0.60%) RavenDB
12 7 (0.52%) DB2
Development Applications
1 549 (40.85%) Selenium
2 316 (23.51%) Cucumber
3 250 (18.60%) JIRA
4 228 (16.96%) WebDriver
5 176 (13.10%) Jenkins
6 153 (11.38%) SoapUI
7 130 (9.67%) SpecFlow
8 121 (9.00%) JMeter
9 119 (8.85%) Git (software)
10 79 (5.88%) LoadRunner
11 54 (4.02%) HP UFT
12 49 (3.65%) JUnit
12 49 (3.65%) Visual Studio
13 44 (3.27%) Protractor
13 44 (3.27%) Team Foundation Server
14 42 (3.13%) Appium
15 41 (3.05%) Gatling
16 40 (2.98%) Zephyr
17 32 (2.38%) Maven
18 31 (2.31%) Eclipse
General
1 200 (14.88%) Finance
2 95 (7.07%) Banking
3 43 (3.20%) Retail
4 28 (2.08%) Telecoms
5 19 (1.41%) Law
6 18 (1.34%) Manufacturing
7 17 (1.26%) Marketing
8 16 (1.19%) Electronics
9 12 (0.89%) Advertising
9 12 (0.89%) Games
10 9 (0.67%) Back Office
11 7 (0.52%) Legal
12 5 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
13 4 (0.30%) Military
13 4 (0.30%) Retail Banking
14 3 (0.22%) Automotive
14 3 (0.22%) Investment Banking
14 3 (0.22%) Publishing
15 2 (0.15%) Financial Institution
15 2 (0.15%) General Ledger
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 125 (9.30%) .NET
2 113 (8.41%) Web Services
3 109 (8.11%) Gherkin
4 103 (7.66%) RESTful
5 93 (6.92%) REST
6 90 (6.70%) XML
7 80 (5.95%) SOAP
8 47 (3.50%) JSON
9 41 (3.05%) HTML
10 28 (2.08%) Node.js
11 20 (1.49%) Kafka
12 18 (1.34%) AngularJS
12 18 (1.34%) ASP.NET
12 18 (1.34%) CSS
13 15 (1.12%) jQuery
14 13 (0.97%) .NET Framework
15 12 (0.89%) React
16 11 (0.82%) HTML5
16 11 (0.82%) Spring
17 10 (0.74%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 79 (5.88%) Analytical Skills
2 69 (5.13%) Mobile App
3 37 (2.75%) Greenfield Project
4 27 (2.01%) Self-Motivation
5 26 (1.93%) Fintech
6 25 (1.86%) Computer Science
7 20 (1.49%) User Experience
8 18 (1.34%) Linux Command Line
9 17 (1.26%) Data Centre
10 10 (0.74%) Video on Demand
11 9 (0.67%) CESG
11 9 (0.67%) Enterprise Software
11 9 (0.67%) Public Cloud
12 8 (0.60%) Mainframe
13 7 (0.52%) Cloud Native
13 7 (0.52%) Fixed Income
13 7 (0.52%) NHS
14 6 (0.45%) Smart Meter
14 6 (0.45%) SWIFT
14 6 (0.45%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 86 (6.40%) Windows
2 77 (5.73%) Linux
3 76 (5.65%) Unix
4 66 (4.91%) Apple iOS
5 57 (4.24%) Android
6 14 (1.04%) Windows Server
7 13 (0.97%) Ubuntu
8 12 (0.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 7 (0.52%) AIX
9 7 (0.52%) Windows 7
10 6 (0.45%) Windows Server 2008
11 5 (0.37%) Mac OS X
11 5 (0.37%) Windows Server 2003
12 4 (0.30%) Windows 10
12 4 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
13 3 (0.22%) Mac OS
13 3 (0.22%) Windows XP
14 2 (0.15%) CentOS
14 2 (0.15%) Debian
14 2 (0.15%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 878 (65.33%) Test Automation
2 692 (51.49%) Agile Software Development
3 286 (21.28%) BDD
4 267 (19.87%) Test Scripting
5 221 (16.44%) Scrum
6 187 (13.91%) TDD
7 172 (12.80%) Performance Testing
8 170 (12.65%) API Testing
9 165 (12.28%) Functional Testing
10 164 (12.20%) Test Strategy
11 162 (12.05%) Continuous Integration
12 130 (9.67%) Regression Testing
13 121 (9.00%) Scenario Testing
14 117 (8.71%) User Acceptance Testing
15 111 (8.26%) Software Testing
16 110 (8.18%) Manual Testing
17 109 (8.11%) Problem-Solving
18 106 (7.89%) DevOps
19 104 (7.74%) SDLC
20 97 (7.22%) Non-Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 435 (32.37%) Java
2 330 (24.55%) SQL
3 231 (17.19%) C#
4 166 (12.35%) JavaScript
5 89 (6.62%) Python
6 54 (4.02%) Ruby
7 34 (2.53%) C
8 28 (2.08%) Groovy
9 27 (2.01%) PL/SQL
9 27 (2.01%) Scala
10 26 (1.93%) C++
11 25 (1.86%) VBScript
12 24 (1.79%) Shell Script
13 23 (1.71%) T-SQL
14 21 (1.56%) VB
15 16 (1.19%) PHP
16 10 (0.74%) F#
17 9 (0.67%) Apple Swift
17 9 (0.67%) PowerShell
17 9 (0.67%) VBA
Qualifications
1 127 (9.45%) Security Cleared
2 103 (7.66%) ISTQB
3 102 (7.59%) SC Cleared
4 81 (6.03%) ISEB
5 54 (4.02%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 47 (3.50%) Degree
7 18 (1.34%) BPSS Clearance
8 17 (1.26%) Computer Science Degree
9 12 (0.89%) CREST Certified
10 9 (0.67%) ISEB Practitioner
11 8 (0.60%) CHECK Team Member
11 8 (0.60%) OSCP
12 4 (0.30%) CEH
12 4 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
13 3 (0.22%) MCITP
13 3 (0.22%) MCSA
13 3 (0.22%) MCSE
13 3 (0.22%) MCTS
13 3 (0.22%) Oracle Certification
13 3 (0.22%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 319 (23.74%) QA
2 13 (0.97%) WCAG
3 7 (0.52%) Data Quality
3 7 (0.52%) Disclosure Scotland
4 5 (0.37%) WAI
5 4 (0.30%) GDPR
6 3 (0.22%) GCP
6 3 (0.22%) SEPA
7 2 (0.15%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 2 (0.15%) GMP
7 2 (0.15%) PMO
7 2 (0.15%) SNOMED CT
8 1 (0.074%) GAMP
8 1 (0.074%) GxP
8 1 (0.074%) HL7
8 1 (0.074%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.074%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.074%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.074%) Solvency II
System Software
1 71 (5.28%) Docker
2 11 (0.82%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.60%) HDFS
3 8 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
4 7 (0.52%) vSphere
5 6 (0.45%) Hyper-V
5 6 (0.45%) Varnish
5 6 (0.45%) VMware ESXi
5 6 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.074%) ACF2
8 1 (0.074%) Firmware
8 1 (0.074%) KVM
8 1 (0.074%) Microsoft App-V
8 1 (0.074%) QEMU
8 1 (0.074%) RACF
8 1 (0.074%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.074%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.074%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 47 (3.50%) HP Quality Center
2 30 (2.23%) HP ALM
3 24 (1.79%) Kibana
4 18 (1.34%) Kubernetes
5 14 (1.04%) Nessus
6 12 (0.89%) logstash
6 12 (0.89%) Puppet
7 9 (0.67%) Grafana
8 6 (0.45%) WMI
9 5 (0.37%) McAfee ePO
10 4 (0.30%) Prometheus
11 3 (0.22%) CA Service Virtualization
11 3 (0.22%) Netcool
11 3 (0.22%) Nmap
11 3 (0.22%) Oozie
11 3 (0.22%) Opscode Chef
12 2 (0.15%) Business Desktop Deployment
12 2 (0.15%) HockeyApp
12 2 (0.15%) Rancher
12 2 (0.15%) Terraform
Vendors
1 116 (8.63%) Oracle
2 77 (5.73%) Microsoft
3 66 (4.91%) HP
4 30 (2.23%) SAP
5 25 (1.86%) Atlassian
6 22 (1.64%) Capita
7 19 (1.41%) webMethods
8 17 (1.26%) AppDynamics
8 17 (1.26%) IBM
9 16 (1.19%) SOASTA, Inc
10 15 (1.12%) Sitecore
10 15 (1.12%) VMware
11 14 (1.04%) Google
12 13 (0.97%) Software AG
13 11 (0.82%) Adobe
14 10 (0.74%) CA Agile Central
14 10 (0.74%) Informatica
14 10 (0.74%) Red Hat
14 10 (0.74%) Salesforce.com
15 8 (0.60%) Dynatrace