Period
to 14 November 2018

The median contractor rate for a Tester was £400 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Tester
UK
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 173 204 191
Rank change year-on-year +31 -13 -21
Contract jobs requiring a Tester 1,646 1,348 1,450
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.58% 1.31% 1.37%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.66% 1.38% 1.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,141 854 907
UK median daily rate £400 £375 £365
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +2.74% +10.61%
10th Percentile £271 £250 £200
90th Percentile £525 £525 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £378 £350 £330
% change year-on-year +7.86% +6.06% +2.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 19 21
UK median hourly rate £20.50 £13.00 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +57.69% -59.38% +6.67%
10th Percentile £10.60 £11.60 £8.50
90th Percentile £28.75 £44.85 £44.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.50 £13.50 £34.37
% change year-on-year +51.85% -60.72% +14.57%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 98,884 97,779 100,179
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.76% 94.91% 94.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 65,251 64,406 65,253
UK median daily rate £450 £445 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.12% +4.71% +6.25%
10th Percentile £269 £262 £250
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,108 2,926 3,323
UK median hourly rate £18.00 £18.70 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.74% +3.89% -
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.96 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.92 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.77 £17.50
% change year-on-year -1.52% +1.54% -

Tester
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Tester in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Tester.

Contractor daily rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester within the UK over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +33 1,489 £400 +6.67% 421
UK excluding London +36 981 £378 +7.86% 336
London +9 645 £445 +5.95% 111
South East +29 268 £398 +13.57% 69
North of England +26 248 £375 +7.14% 113
Midlands +66 158 £400 +23.08% 55
Yorkshire -6 117 £355 -2.41% 50
North West +32 106 £400 +29.03% 52
West Midlands +38 105 £400 +14.29% 38
Scotland +13 91 £350 -13.90% 19
East of England +8 91 £463 +32.14% 33
South West -29 77 £350 - 41
East Midlands +35 50 £386 +18.77% 17
Wales +1 35 £365 +31.53% 4
North East +9 25 £402 +46.27% 11
Northern Ireland +36 14 £333 +3.74% 3

Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Tester in the job title.

1 1,129 (68.59%) Test Automation
2 806 (48.97%) Agile Software Development
3 727 (44.17%) Selenium
4 603 (36.63%) Java
5 405 (24.61%) QA
6 385 (23.39%) Cucumber
7 357 (21.69%) SQL
8 308 (18.71%) JIRA
9 297 (18.04%) Scrum
10 288 (17.50%) BDD
11 287 (17.44%) WebDriver
12 286 (17.38%) Test Scripting
13 283 (17.19%) Finance
14 273 (16.59%) C#
15 269 (16.34%) Jenkins
16 231 (14.03%) Performance Testing
17 226 (13.73%) Continuous Integration
18 222 (13.49%) JMeter
19 211 (12.82%) Test Strategy
20 196 (11.91%) JavaScript
21 182 (11.06%) Regression Testing
22 180 (10.94%) TDD
23 177 (10.75%) API Testing
24 175 (10.63%) Manual Testing
25 172 (10.45%) Functional Testing
26 167 (10.15%) SoapUI
27 156 (9.48%) Security Cleared
28 155 (9.42%) .NET
29 153 (9.30%) Web Services
30 142 (8.63%) Python

Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 133 (8.08%) Confluence
2 33 (2.00%) CMS
3 23 (1.40%) SharePoint
4 17 (1.03%) WebLogic
5 16 (0.97%) Elasticsearch
6 13 (0.79%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 12 (0.73%) OpenStack
8 11 (0.67%) Documentum
9 9 (0.55%) Drupal
10 7 (0.43%) Apache Solr
10 7 (0.43%) CoreMedia CMS
11 6 (0.36%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
12 5 (0.30%) Oracle Service Bus
13 4 (0.24%) JBoss
14 3 (0.18%) Apache
14 3 (0.18%) Apache Spark
14 3 (0.18%) NServiceBus
14 3 (0.18%) SAS
15 2 (0.12%) Cloud Foundry
15 2 (0.12%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 29 (1.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (1.52%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.24%) Windchill
4 2 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.12%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.061%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.061%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 29 (1.76%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.55%) SAP S/4HANA
3 8 (0.49%) Oracle EBS R12
3 8 (0.49%) SAP GRC
4 7 (0.43%) BASE24
5 5 (0.30%) Oracle General Ledger
6 4 (0.24%) SAP FI
6 4 (0.24%) SAP PLM
7 3 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.18%) SAP CO
7 3 (0.18%) SAP FI/CO
7 3 (0.18%) SAP HR
8 2 (0.12%) assyst
8 2 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
8 2 (0.12%) SAP FI-CA
8 2 (0.12%) SAP PSCD
8 2 (0.12%) thinkFolio
8 2 (0.12%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 83 (5.04%) Amazon AWS
1 83 (5.04%) Microsoft Azure
2 60 (3.65%) BrowserStack
3 36 (2.19%) GitHub
4 31 (1.88%) Sauce Labs
5 22 (1.34%) BlazeMeter
6 14 (0.85%) SaaS
7 10 (0.61%) Cloud Computing
7 10 (0.61%) Dynamics 365
7 10 (0.61%) Slack
8 5 (0.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 5 (0.30%) Office 365
8 5 (0.30%) Serverless
9 4 (0.24%) Amazon SQS
9 4 (0.24%) AWS Lambda
9 4 (0.24%) Google Cloud Platform
9 4 (0.24%) IaaS
9 4 (0.24%) Salesforce Service Cloud
10 3 (0.18%) Boomi
10 3 (0.18%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 27 (1.64%) HTTP
2 20 (1.22%) Internet
3 14 (0.85%) Wireless
4 12 (0.73%) VPN
5 11 (0.67%) 802.11
5 11 (0.67%) SNMP
6 10 (0.61%) VoIP
7 9 (0.55%) SAN
8 7 (0.43%) Wireshark
9 6 (0.36%) ATM
10 5 (0.30%) DNS
10 5 (0.30%) MPLS
11 4 (0.24%) 4G
11 4 (0.24%) Firewall
11 4 (0.24%) TCP/IP
12 3 (0.18%) DHCP
12 3 (0.18%) LAN
12 3 (0.18%) LTE
13 2 (0.12%) 3GPP
13 2 (0.12%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 72 (4.37%) SQL Server
2 41 (2.49%) MySQL
3 33 (2.00%) Data Warehouse
4 32 (1.94%) Relational Database
5 29 (1.76%) MongoDB
6 17 (1.03%) Oracle Database
6 17 (1.03%) Oracle Reports
6 17 (1.03%) PostgreSQL
7 13 (0.79%) Big Data
8 9 (0.55%) DB2
9 8 (0.49%) Hadoop
9 8 (0.49%) RavenDB
10 7 (0.43%) Apache Cassandra
10 7 (0.43%) Oracle Database 11g
10 7 (0.43%) SQL Server 2012
10 7 (0.43%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 6 (0.36%) SQL Server 2016
11 6 (0.36%) ZAP BI
12 5 (0.30%) SAP HANA
12 5 (0.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 727 (44.17%) Selenium
2 385 (23.39%) Cucumber
3 308 (18.71%) JIRA
4 287 (17.44%) WebDriver
5 269 (16.34%) Jenkins
6 222 (13.49%) JMeter
7 167 (10.15%) SoapUI
8 128 (7.78%) Git (software)
9 116 (7.05%) SpecFlow
10 96 (5.83%) Maven
11 92 (5.59%) LoadRunner
12 83 (5.04%) Visual Studio Team System
13 81 (4.92%) JUnit
14 78 (4.74%) Gatling
15 71 (4.31%) Team Foundation Server
16 53 (3.22%) Visual Studio
17 49 (2.98%) Appium
18 46 (2.79%) Ant
19 45 (2.73%) Protractor
20 43 (2.61%) HP UFT
General
1 283 (17.19%) Finance
2 118 (7.17%) Banking
3 51 (3.10%) Retail
4 45 (2.73%) Telecoms
5 39 (2.37%) Marketing
6 38 (2.31%) Electronics
7 37 (2.25%) Manufacturing
8 16 (0.97%) Advertising
9 14 (0.85%) Games
10 12 (0.73%) Retail Banking
11 11 (0.67%) Financial Institution
12 10 (0.61%) Legal
13 7 (0.43%) Law
13 7 (0.43%) Online Betting
13 7 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
14 6 (0.36%) Front Office
15 5 (0.30%) Automotive
15 5 (0.30%) Back Office
16 3 (0.18%) Corporate Banking
16 3 (0.18%) Private Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 155 (9.42%) .NET
2 153 (9.30%) Web Services
3 120 (7.29%) SOAP
4 116 (7.05%) RESTful
5 109 (6.62%) REST
6 108 (6.56%) Gherkin
7 91 (5.53%) XML
8 60 (3.65%) JSON
9 59 (3.58%) HTML
10 49 (2.98%) CSS
11 45 (2.73%) Node.js
12 31 (1.88%) AngularJS
13 25 (1.52%) J2EE
14 24 (1.46%) Kafka
15 22 (1.34%) .NET Framework
16 19 (1.15%) ASP.NET
16 19 (1.15%) React
17 18 (1.09%) Oracle Fusion
17 18 (1.09%) Taurus
18 17 (1.03%) WSDL
Miscellaneous
1 108 (6.56%) Analytical Skills
2 99 (6.01%) Mobile App
3 59 (3.58%) Computer Science
4 43 (2.61%) Greenfield Project
5 40 (2.43%) Self-Motivation
6 23 (1.40%) User Experience
7 19 (1.15%) Fintech
8 17 (1.03%) NHS
9 15 (0.91%) Cyberthreat
10 14 (0.85%) SWIFT
11 13 (0.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 11 (0.67%) Mainframe
12 11 (0.67%) SCADA
13 10 (0.61%) Data Centre
14 9 (0.55%) DataPower
14 9 (0.55%) Linux Command Line
14 9 (0.55%) Virtual Team
14 9 (0.55%) Wiki
15 8 (0.49%) Hybrid Cloud
15 8 (0.49%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 92 (5.59%) Windows
2 86 (5.22%) Linux
3 70 (4.25%) Unix
4 55 (3.34%) Apple iOS
5 54 (3.28%) Android
6 14 (0.85%) Windows Server
7 13 (0.79%) Kali Linux
8 11 (0.67%) Ubuntu
9 6 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 6 (0.36%) Windows Server 2003
10 5 (0.30%) Mac OS X
10 5 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (0.24%) AIX
12 3 (0.18%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.12%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.12%) Solaris
13 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
14 1 (0.061%) CentOS
14 1 (0.061%) VME
14 1 (0.061%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,129 (68.59%) Test Automation
2 806 (48.97%) Agile Software Development
3 297 (18.04%) Scrum
4 288 (17.50%) BDD
5 286 (17.38%) Test Scripting
6 231 (14.03%) Performance Testing
7 226 (13.73%) Continuous Integration
8 211 (12.82%) Test Strategy
9 182 (11.06%) Regression Testing
10 180 (10.94%) TDD
11 177 (10.75%) API Testing
12 175 (10.63%) Manual Testing
13 172 (10.45%) Functional Testing
14 141 (8.57%) Software Testing
15 137 (8.32%) DevOps
16 126 (7.65%) Open Source
17 121 (7.35%) Non-Functional Testing
18 119 (7.23%) Problem-Solving
19 116 (7.05%) User Acceptance Testing
20 115 (6.99%) SDET
Programming Languages
1 603 (36.63%) Java
2 357 (21.69%) SQL
3 273 (16.59%) C#
4 196 (11.91%) JavaScript
5 142 (8.63%) Python
6 64 (3.89%) Groovy
7 53 (3.22%) Ruby
8 47 (2.86%) C
9 43 (2.61%) C++
10 37 (2.25%) Scala
11 30 (1.82%) PL/SQL
12 28 (1.70%) T-SQL
13 22 (1.34%) Java 8
14 20 (1.22%) PowerShell
14 20 (1.22%) Shell Script
15 17 (1.03%) Bash Shell
15 17 (1.03%) PHP
15 17 (1.03%) VB
15 17 (1.03%) VBScript
16 13 (0.79%) VBA
Qualifications
1 156 (9.48%) Security Cleared
2 132 (8.02%) SC Cleared
3 127 (7.72%) ISTQB
4 110 (6.68%) ISEB
5 84 (5.10%) Degree
6 61 (3.71%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 33 (2.00%) Computer Science Degree
8 23 (1.40%) BPSS Clearance
9 20 (1.22%) CREST Certified
10 13 (0.79%) OSCP
11 11 (0.67%) OSCE
12 10 (0.61%) DBS Check
12 10 (0.61%) Master's Degree
13 9 (0.55%) CISA
13 9 (0.55%) Tigerscheme
14 8 (0.49%) DV Cleared
15 7 (0.43%) CEH
15 7 (0.43%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 7 (0.43%) SANS
16 5 (0.30%) GPEN
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 405 (24.61%) QA
2 14 (0.85%) Data Quality
3 13 (0.79%) WCAG
4 9 (0.55%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 9 (0.55%) SEPA
5 8 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
5 8 (0.49%) WAI
6 6 (0.36%) GDPR
7 4 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.24%) PMO
7 4 (0.24%) PSD2
7 4 (0.24%) TARGET2
8 3 (0.18%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
9 2 (0.12%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.061%) GAMP
10 1 (0.061%) Solvency II
System Software
1 106 (6.44%) Docker
2 5 (0.30%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.24%) Hyper-V
3 4 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
3 4 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
3 4 (0.24%) vSphere
4 3 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
5 2 (0.12%) HDFS
5 2 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
6 1 (0.061%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.061%) Snort
6 1 (0.061%) Time Sharing Option
6 1 (0.061%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.061%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 47 (2.86%) HP Quality Center
2 30 (1.82%) HP ALM
3 23 (1.40%) Puppet
4 19 (1.15%) Nessus
5 15 (0.91%) Ansible
6 14 (0.85%) Grafana
6 14 (0.85%) Kubernetes
6 14 (0.85%) Nmap
7 13 (0.79%) Kibana
8 12 (0.73%) Terraform
9 11 (0.67%) logstash
10 8 (0.49%) WMI
11 7 (0.43%) Prometheus
12 6 (0.36%) CA Service Virtualization
13 4 (0.24%) Opscode Chef
14 3 (0.18%) McAfee ePO
14 3 (0.18%) ZABBIX
15 2 (0.12%) HP SiteScope
15 2 (0.12%) Oozie
15 2 (0.12%) Rancher
Vendors
1 133 (8.08%) Oracle
2 114 (6.93%) Microsoft
3 69 (4.19%) SAP
4 63 (3.83%) HP
5 50 (3.04%) Atlassian
6 22 (1.34%) Salesforce.com
7 21 (1.28%) AppDynamics
7 21 (1.28%) IBM
8 18 (1.09%) SOASTA, Inc
9 16 (0.97%) webMethods
10 13 (0.79%) Adobe
11 11 (0.67%) Pega
12 10 (0.61%) VMware
13 9 (0.55%) BEA
14 8 (0.49%) Cisco
14 8 (0.49%) Google
14 8 (0.49%) hybris
14 8 (0.49%) Software AG
15 7 (0.43%) New Relic
15 7 (0.43%) Splunk