Period
to 23 April 2018

The median contractor rate for a Tester was £388 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Tester
UK
6 months to
23 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 215 181 204
Rank change year-on-year -34 +23 -9
Contract jobs requiring a Tester 1,282 1,340 1,359
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.27% 1.46% 1.28%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.34% 1.54% 1.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 858 794 946
UK median daily rate £388 £350 £340
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.71% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £263 £208 £221
90th Percentile £513 £488 £475
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year +7.69% - +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 12 19
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £30.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +41.67% -29.41% +49.12%
10th Percentile £12.00 £14.55 £10.30
90th Percentile £175.00 £75.00 £175.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £21.13 £43.00
% change year-on-year +101.14% -50.86% +50.88%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 95,967 87,286 100,704
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.93% 94.87% 95.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 63,128 56,707 64,982
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £263 £258 £250
90th Percentile £635 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £385
% change year-on-year +2.50% +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,951 3,004 3,304
UK median hourly rate £18.50 £18.98 £19.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.53% -2.67% +14.71%
10th Percentile £10.76 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.57 £48.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -2.78% -5.26% +15.15%

Tester
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Tester in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Tester.

Contractor daily rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester within the UK over the 6 months to 23 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -37 1,133 £400 +14.29% 285
UK excluding London -34 724 £350 +7.69% 235
London -30 539 £424 +5.94% 75
North of England -24 188 £350 +9.38% 84
South East -36 188 £375 +11.11% 43
Yorkshire +3 104 £338 +5.47% 37
Scotland -13 83 £390 +4.00% 13
East of England +9 81 £405 +24.62% 23
Midlands -16 80 £350 +7.69% 33
North West -26 71 £375 +17.19% 45
South West -45 53 £400 +23.08% 26
West Midlands -2 46 £360 +20.00% 18
Northern Ireland +27 33 £313 +25.00% 4
East Midlands -6 31 £350 -4.11% 15
Wales -15 18 £310 +63.16% 7
North East -20 13 £323 +7.50% 2

Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 23 April 2018, Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Tester in the job title.

1 815 (63.57%) Test Automation
2 660 (51.48%) Agile Software Development
3 489 (38.14%) Selenium
4 400 (31.20%) Java
5 350 (27.30%) QA
6 328 (25.59%) Cucumber
7 302 (23.56%) SQL
8 292 (22.78%) BDD
9 252 (19.66%) Test Scripting
10 240 (18.72%) JIRA
11 202 (15.76%) TDD
12 199 (15.52%) Finance
12 199 (15.52%) Scrum
13 188 (14.66%) C#
14 187 (14.59%) WebDriver
15 164 (12.79%) Jenkins
16 159 (12.40%) JavaScript
17 154 (12.01%) Continuous Integration
18 149 (11.62%) Functional Testing
19 141 (11.00%) API Testing
20 140 (10.92%) User Acceptance Testing
21 138 (10.76%) Performance Testing
22 133 (10.37%) Regression Testing
23 125 (9.75%) Gherkin
24 124 (9.67%) Security Cleared
25 122 (9.52%) Web Services
25 122 (9.52%) Scenario Testing
26 119 (9.28%) Git (software)
26 119 (9.28%) SoapUI
27 112 (8.74%) .NET

Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 85 (6.63%) Confluence
2 33 (2.57%) CMS
3 21 (1.64%) SharePoint
4 17 (1.33%) WebSphere
5 16 (1.25%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 15 (1.17%) Sitecore CMS
7 9 (0.70%) Elasticsearch
8 7 (0.55%) Umbraco
9 5 (0.39%) Apache
9 5 (0.39%) Apache Spark
9 5 (0.39%) Cloud Foundry
9 5 (0.39%) IIS
9 5 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 5 (0.39%) Orchard CMS
9 5 (0.39%) SharePoint 2010
9 5 (0.39%) WebLogic
10 4 (0.31%) BizTalk Server
10 4 (0.31%) Tomcat
10 4 (0.31%) WordPress
11 3 (0.23%) EPiServer
Applications
1 29 (2.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (1.56%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.16%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.16%) HipChat
4 2 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.078%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 14 (1.09%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.55%) Magento
3 3 (0.23%) WebTrends
4 2 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.16%) iTrent
4 2 (0.16%) Lawson
4 2 (0.16%) Minerva
4 2 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.16%) Oracle EBS R12
4 2 (0.16%) Sentinel
5 1 (0.078%) Elite 3E
5 1 (0.078%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.078%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.078%) Oracle FAH
5 1 (0.078%) Oracle General Ledger
5 1 (0.078%) Oracle Retail
5 1 (0.078%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.078%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.078%) SystmOne
5 1 (0.078%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 64 (4.99%) Amazon AWS
2 62 (4.84%) Microsoft Azure
3 21 (1.64%) GitHub
4 18 (1.40%) BrowserStack
5 16 (1.25%) Sauce Labs
6 9 (0.70%) IaaS
7 6 (0.47%) Google Cloud Platform
7 6 (0.47%) SaaS
8 5 (0.39%) Office 365
8 5 (0.39%) Slack
9 4 (0.31%) Adobe Analytics
9 4 (0.31%) Amazon SQS
9 4 (0.31%) AWS Lambda
9 4 (0.31%) Azure Data Factory
9 4 (0.31%) BlazeMeter
9 4 (0.31%) Google Analytics
9 4 (0.31%) OpenShift
9 4 (0.31%) Serverless
10 3 (0.23%) Firebase
10 3 (0.23%) Google Tag Manager
Communications & Networking
1 22 (1.72%) HTTP
2 15 (1.17%) DSL
3 14 (1.09%) Internet
4 9 (0.70%) SMS
5 7 (0.55%) Bluetooth
6 5 (0.39%) 3G
6 5 (0.39%) PuTTY
6 5 (0.39%) TCP/IP
6 5 (0.39%) WinSCP
7 4 (0.31%) Firewall
8 3 (0.23%) DNS
8 3 (0.23%) FTP
9 2 (0.16%) HTTPS
9 2 (0.16%) Network Security
9 2 (0.16%) VoIP
9 2 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
9 2 (0.16%) Wireless
9 2 (0.16%) Wireshark
10 1 (0.078%) NGN
10 1 (0.078%) SIGTRAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (3.28%) SQL Server
2 38 (2.96%) Relational Database
3 33 (2.57%) Big Data
4 26 (2.03%) Data Warehouse
5 22 (1.72%) MySQL
6 21 (1.64%) MongoDB
7 20 (1.56%) Hadoop
8 19 (1.48%) NoSQL
8 19 (1.48%) Oracle Database
9 14 (1.09%) PostgreSQL
9 14 (1.09%) Redis
10 9 (0.70%) DB2
10 9 (0.70%) SQL Server 2016
11 8 (0.62%) DbVisualizer
11 8 (0.62%) RavenDB
12 7 (0.55%) Oracle Reports
13 6 (0.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 6 (0.47%) HBase
13 6 (0.47%) Oracle Database 11g
13 6 (0.47%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 489 (38.14%) Selenium
2 328 (25.59%) Cucumber
3 240 (18.72%) JIRA
4 187 (14.59%) WebDriver
5 164 (12.79%) Jenkins
6 119 (9.28%) Git (software)
6 119 (9.28%) SoapUI
7 95 (7.41%) SpecFlow
8 85 (6.63%) JMeter
9 56 (4.37%) Appium
10 52 (4.06%) LoadRunner
11 47 (3.67%) Team Foundation Server
12 45 (3.51%) HP UFT
13 43 (3.35%) Visual Studio
14 37 (2.89%) JUnit
14 37 (2.89%) Zephyr
15 35 (2.73%) Eclipse
16 33 (2.57%) NUnit
17 32 (2.50%) Maven
17 32 (2.50%) Protractor
General
1 199 (15.52%) Finance
2 84 (6.55%) Banking
3 54 (4.21%) Retail
4 32 (2.50%) Law
5 30 (2.34%) Games
6 29 (2.26%) Telecoms
7 17 (1.33%) Manufacturing
8 16 (1.25%) Advertising
8 16 (1.25%) Electronics
8 16 (1.25%) Marketing
9 11 (0.86%) Back Office
9 11 (0.86%) Legal
10 8 (0.62%) Investment Banking
11 5 (0.39%) Financial Institution
11 5 (0.39%) Front Office
12 4 (0.31%) Publishing
13 3 (0.23%) Corporate Banking
13 3 (0.23%) Retail Banking
14 2 (0.16%) General Ledger
14 2 (0.16%) German Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 125 (9.75%) Gherkin
2 122 (9.52%) Web Services
3 112 (8.74%) .NET
4 110 (8.58%) REST
5 92 (7.18%) RESTful
6 77 (6.01%) SOAP
7 74 (5.77%) XML
8 54 (4.21%) JSON
9 36 (2.81%) HTML
10 25 (1.95%) Node.js
11 19 (1.48%) AngularJS
11 19 (1.48%) ASP.NET
12 18 (1.40%) CSS
12 18 (1.40%) Spring
13 15 (1.17%) jQuery
14 14 (1.09%) ASP.NET Web API
14 14 (1.09%) HTML5
15 11 (0.86%) React
16 10 (0.78%) .NET Framework
16 10 (0.78%) Apache Flex
Miscellaneous
1 71 (5.54%) Analytical Skills
2 62 (4.84%) Mobile App
3 33 (2.57%) Greenfield Project
4 31 (2.42%) User Experience
5 28 (2.18%) Self-Motivation
6 20 (1.56%) Computer Science
7 18 (1.40%) Data Centre
7 18 (1.40%) Fintech
8 15 (1.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 14 (1.09%) Linux Command Line
9 14 (1.09%) Video on Demand
10 13 (1.01%) Mainframe
11 11 (0.86%) Enterprise Software
12 10 (0.78%) Online Games
13 8 (0.62%) CESG
13 8 (0.62%) Client/Server
13 8 (0.62%) Embedded Systems
14 7 (0.55%) NHS
14 7 (0.55%) Public Cloud
15 6 (0.47%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 84 (6.55%) Unix
2 65 (5.07%) Apple iOS
3 63 (4.91%) Linux
4 53 (4.13%) Windows
5 52 (4.06%) Android
6 20 (1.56%) Mac OS X
7 10 (0.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 7 (0.55%) Windows 7
9 5 (0.39%) AIX
9 5 (0.39%) Windows 10
9 5 (0.39%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
10 4 (0.31%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2003
11 3 (0.23%) Windows XP
12 2 (0.16%) CentOS
12 2 (0.16%) Debian
12 2 (0.16%) Kali Linux
13 1 (0.078%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 815 (63.57%) Test Automation
2 660 (51.48%) Agile Software Development
3 292 (22.78%) BDD
4 252 (19.66%) Test Scripting
5 202 (15.76%) TDD
6 199 (15.52%) Scrum
7 154 (12.01%) Continuous Integration
8 149 (11.62%) Functional Testing
9 141 (11.00%) API Testing
10 140 (10.92%) User Acceptance Testing
11 138 (10.76%) Performance Testing
12 133 (10.37%) Regression Testing
13 122 (9.52%) Scenario Testing
14 105 (8.19%) Test Strategy
15 104 (8.11%) Problem-Solving
16 101 (7.88%) Manual Testing
17 98 (7.64%) Software Testing
18 83 (6.47%) SDLC
19 81 (6.32%) Non-Functional Testing
19 81 (6.32%) SDET
Programming Languages
1 400 (31.20%) Java
2 302 (23.56%) SQL
3 188 (14.66%) C#
4 159 (12.40%) JavaScript
5 81 (6.32%) Ruby
6 68 (5.30%) Python
7 35 (2.73%) Scala
8 27 (2.11%) Groovy
9 17 (1.33%) C
9 17 (1.33%) VBScript
10 16 (1.25%) C++
11 15 (1.17%) PL/SQL
11 15 (1.17%) Shell Script
12 14 (1.09%) Apple Swift
13 12 (0.94%) R
14 11 (0.86%) VB
15 9 (0.70%) T-SQL
16 8 (0.62%) Bash Shell
16 8 (0.62%) TypeScript
17 7 (0.55%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 124 (9.67%) Security Cleared
2 90 (7.02%) SC Cleared
3 76 (5.93%) ISTQB
4 61 (4.76%) ISEB
5 52 (4.06%) Degree
6 39 (3.04%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 20 (1.56%) Computer Science Degree
8 13 (1.01%) BPSS Clearance
9 12 (0.94%) CREST Certified
9 12 (0.94%) ISEB Practitioner
10 9 (0.70%) CHECK Team Member
10 9 (0.70%) DV Cleared
11 5 (0.39%) MCSE
11 5 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
12 4 (0.31%) OSCP
12 4 (0.31%) Sun Certification
13 3 (0.23%) CHECK Team Leader
13 3 (0.23%) GPEN
13 3 (0.23%) Master's Degree
13 3 (0.23%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 350 (27.30%) QA
2 7 (0.55%) WCAG
3 6 (0.47%) WAI
4 4 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.23%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.23%) MiFID
5 3 (0.23%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.16%) GCP
6 2 (0.16%) HL7
6 2 (0.16%) SNOMED CT
7 1 (0.078%) GDPR
7 1 (0.078%) GxP
7 1 (0.078%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.078%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.078%) ISO 8583
7 1 (0.078%) JSP 440
7 1 (0.078%) PMO
System Software
1 49 (3.82%) Docker
2 12 (0.94%) Virtual Machines
3 8 (0.62%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.47%) Firmware
4 6 (0.47%) HDFS
4 6 (0.47%) Varnish
5 5 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
6 4 (0.31%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.31%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.31%) vSphere
7 3 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.078%) ACF2
8 1 (0.078%) KVM
8 1 (0.078%) QEMU
8 1 (0.078%) RACF
8 1 (0.078%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.078%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.078%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 46 (3.59%) HP Quality Center
2 43 (3.35%) HP ALM
3 18 (1.40%) Kibana
4 16 (1.25%) Puppet
5 15 (1.17%) Nessus
6 12 (0.94%) Grafana
7 10 (0.78%) Kubernetes
8 8 (0.62%) StatsD
9 7 (0.55%) logstash
10 4 (0.31%) HP SiteScope
10 4 (0.31%) OpenView
11 3 (0.23%) McAfee ePO
11 3 (0.23%) Netcool
11 3 (0.23%) Oozie
12 2 (0.16%) Business Desktop Deployment
12 2 (0.16%) HockeyApp
12 2 (0.16%) MaaS360
12 2 (0.16%) Nmap
12 2 (0.16%) Opscode Chef
13 1 (0.078%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 80 (6.24%) Oracle
2 73 (5.69%) HP
3 67 (5.23%) Microsoft
4 26 (2.03%) SAP
5 21 (1.64%) Salesforce.com
6 20 (1.56%) Adobe
6 20 (1.56%) Sitecore
7 18 (1.40%) Capita
8 17 (1.33%) Atlassian
9 16 (1.25%) Google
10 14 (1.09%) Informatica
11 11 (0.86%) IBM
11 11 (0.86%) VMware
12 9 (0.70%) Splunk
13 8 (0.62%) CA Agile Central
13 8 (0.62%) Red Hat
14 6 (0.47%) Forcepoint
14 6 (0.47%) Qualys
14 6 (0.47%) Symantec
14 6 (0.47%) webMethods