Period
to 27 May 2020

The median contractor rate for a Tester was £400 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 27 May 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Tester
UK
6 months to
27 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 211 188 217
Rank change year-on-year -23 +29 -26
Contract jobs requiring a Tester 569 1,345 1,264
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.21% 1.48% 1.25%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.29% 1.57% 1.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 385 840 852
Median daily rate £400 £400 £395
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +1.27% +12.86%
10th Percentile £286 £281 £263
90th Percentile £550 £538 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £361
% change year-on-year - +4.01% +10.93%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 9 9
Median hourly rate £47.00 £13.10 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +258.78% -69.18% +120.04%
10th Percentile £17.97 £10.75 £22.58
90th Percentile £48.78 £44.50 £175.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.00 £13.10 £35.50
% change year-on-year +258.78% -63.10% +128.44%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 44,123 85,729 95,580
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.63% 94.53% 94.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 27,759 56,423 62,725
Median daily rate £465 £473 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.59% +5.00% +5.88%
10th Percentile £250 £275 £263
90th Percentile £650 £650 £634
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £413
% change year-on-year - +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,835 2,745 3,002
Median hourly rate £21.50 £19.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.16% +5.56% -5.26%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £10.80
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £47.83
Median hourly rate £19.50 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +8.33% +2.86% -2.78%

Tester
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Tester in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Tester.

Daily rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 27 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Tester.

Hourly rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 27 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester within the UK over the 6 months to 27 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -32 503 £401 -0.74% 38
UK excluding London -12 345 £375 - 35
London -32 204 £425 -5.56% 6
South East +48 104 £370 -4.52% 8
North of England -5 70 £393 +8.28% 12
Midlands +5 57 £360 -4.00% 2
Scotland +42 41 £350 +7.69% 1
West Midlands 0 38 £410 +9.33% 1
South West -1 32 £450 +8.43% 6
North West +2 31 £325 -13.33% 4
Yorkshire +18 26 £400 +10.34% 8
East of England +26 25 £450 +23.29% 4
Work from Home +5 24 £425 +4.29% 7
East Midlands +30 19 £300 -17.24% 1
North East +4 14 £444 +36.54%
Wales +28 9 £325 -4.41% 1
Northern Ireland +19 8 £300 -9.09% 1

Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 27 May 2020, Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Tester in the job title.

1 369 (64.85%) Test Automation
2 232 (40.77%) Agile Software Development
3 204 (35.85%) Selenium
4 158 (27.77%) Java
5 131 (23.02%) Test Scripting
6 121 (21.27%) Cucumber
7 115 (20.21%) Security Cleared
8 112 (19.68%) QA
9 110 (19.33%) SQL
10 109 (19.16%) JIRA
11 103 (18.10%) BDD
12 94 (16.52%) DevOps
13 92 (16.17%) SC Cleared
14 83 (14.59%) C#
15 76 (13.36%) Performance Testing
16 75 (13.18%) Jenkins
17 74 (13.01%) ISTQB
18 73 (12.83%) Scrum
19 70 (12.30%) JMeter
19 70 (12.30%) Functional Testing
20 69 (12.13%) Continuous Integration
21 66 (11.60%) Scenario Testing
22 65 (11.42%) Finance
23 62 (10.90%) TDD
24 60 (10.54%) Azure
24 60 (10.54%) Test Strategy
25 55 (9.67%) Regression Testing
26 54 (9.49%) Oracle
26 54 (9.49%) API Testing
27 53 (9.31%) Integration Testing

Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (6.15%) Confluence
2 8 (1.41%) IIS
3 5 (0.88%) JBoss
3 5 (0.88%) SAS
4 4 (0.70%) SharePoint
5 3 (0.53%) Elasticsearch
6 2 (0.35%) ArcGIS
6 2 (0.35%) Oracle Spatial
6 2 (0.35%) SharePoint 2013
7 1 (0.18%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 1 (0.18%) Apache
7 1 (0.18%) CMS
7 1 (0.18%) Drupal
7 1 (0.18%) Umbraco
7 1 (0.18%) WebSphere
Applications
1 6 (1.05%) Microsoft Excel
1 6 (1.05%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.88%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 5 (0.88%) SPSS
3 2 (0.35%) Acrobat
3 2 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
3 2 (0.35%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (1.76%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (1.58%) Oracle EBS
3 6 (1.05%) BASE24
4 4 (0.70%) Oracle Applications
4 4 (0.70%) Oracle Retail
5 3 (0.53%) Maximo
5 3 (0.53%) Workday HCM
6 2 (0.35%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.35%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.18%) iTrent
7 1 (0.18%) Loan IQ
7 1 (0.18%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.18%) Oracle CRM
7 1 (0.18%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.18%) Oracle General Ledger
7 1 (0.18%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.18%) SAP EWM
7 1 (0.18%) SAP MDM
7 1 (0.18%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 60 (10.54%) Azure
2 42 (7.38%) AWS
3 22 (3.87%) GitHub
4 8 (1.41%) Power Platform
5 7 (1.23%) BrowserStack
6 6 (1.05%) SaaS
6 6 (1.05%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 5 (0.88%) Office 365
8 4 (0.70%) Dynamics 365
9 3 (0.53%) Amazon EC2
9 3 (0.53%) BlazeMeter
9 3 (0.53%) Boomi
9 3 (0.53%) GCP
9 3 (0.53%) Slack
10 2 (0.35%) Amazon Cognito
10 2 (0.35%) AWS CloudFormation
10 2 (0.35%) AWS Lambda
10 2 (0.35%) Oracle CX
10 2 (0.35%) Sauce Labs
10 2 (0.35%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.93%) HTTP
2 9 (1.58%) Internet
3 8 (1.41%) TCP/IP
3 8 (1.41%) Wireshark
4 7 (1.23%) Firewall
4 7 (1.23%) Wireless
5 6 (1.05%) ATM
5 6 (1.05%) DSL
6 4 (0.70%) HTTPS
7 3 (0.53%) 802.11
7 3 (0.53%) Broadband
7 3 (0.53%) DNS
7 3 (0.53%) DOCSIS
7 3 (0.53%) IPv4
7 3 (0.53%) IPv6
7 3 (0.53%) Telnet
7 3 (0.53%) UPnP
7 3 (0.53%) VoIP
7 3 (0.53%) WLAN
7 3 (0.53%) WPA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (4.57%) SQL Server
2 8 (1.41%) Power BI
3 6 (1.05%) Azure SQL Database
4 5 (0.88%) MySQL
4 5 (0.88%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 4 (0.70%) Data Warehouse
5 4 (0.70%) Oracle Database
5 4 (0.70%) PostgreSQL
6 3 (0.53%) Amazon RDS
6 3 (0.53%) Blockchain
6 3 (0.53%) MongoDB
7 2 (0.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 2 (0.35%) Oracle ODI
7 2 (0.35%) Oracle Reports
7 2 (0.35%) Relational Database
8 1 (0.18%) Amazon Redshift
8 1 (0.18%) DB2
8 1 (0.18%) Electronic Patient Records
8 1 (0.18%) Geospatial Data
8 1 (0.18%) MS Access
Development Applications
1 204 (35.85%) Selenium
2 121 (21.27%) Cucumber
3 109 (19.16%) JIRA
4 75 (13.18%) Jenkins
5 70 (12.30%) JMeter
6 51 (8.96%) SoapUI
7 49 (8.61%) SpecFlow
8 42 (7.38%) WebDriver
9 39 (6.85%) Git (software)
10 31 (5.45%) Postman
11 26 (4.57%) REST Assured
12 25 (4.39%) LoadRunner
13 23 (4.04%) Gatling
14 21 (3.69%) Team Foundation Server
15 20 (3.51%) Appium
16 16 (2.81%) Maven
16 16 (2.81%) Visual Studio
17 15 (2.64%) Cypress.io
18 13 (2.28%) HP UFT
18 13 (2.28%) JUnit
General
1 65 (11.42%) Finance
2 48 (8.44%) Public Sector
3 22 (3.87%) Banking
4 12 (2.11%) Telecoms
5 11 (1.93%) Retail
6 7 (1.23%) Manufacturing
6 7 (1.23%) Marketing
7 5 (0.88%) Electronics
8 4 (0.70%) Advertising
8 4 (0.70%) Military
9 3 (0.53%) German Language
9 3 (0.53%) Legal
10 2 (0.35%) Front Office
10 2 (0.35%) Games
10 2 (0.35%) Italian Language
10 2 (0.35%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.18%) Automotive
11 1 (0.18%) Billing
11 1 (0.18%) Corporate Banking
11 1 (0.18%) Law
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 48 (8.44%) .NET
2 45 (7.91%) Gherkin
3 32 (5.62%) Web Services
4 31 (5.45%) REST
5 28 (4.92%) SOAP
6 21 (3.69%) JSON
7 20 (3.51%) XML
8 19 (3.34%) AngularJS
9 18 (3.16%) RESTful
10 16 (2.81%) Spring
11 15 (2.64%) HTML
12 13 (2.28%) Node.js
13 12 (2.11%) Middleware
14 10 (1.76%) Spring Boot
15 9 (1.58%) J2SE
16 8 (1.41%) WebdriverIO
17 7 (1.23%) Oracle Fusion
18 6 (1.05%) Java EE
18 6 (1.05%) Jest
19 5 (0.88%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 40 (7.03%) Mobile App
2 30 (5.27%) Analytical Skills
3 10 (1.76%) Greenfield Project
4 8 (1.41%) Self-Motivation
5 7 (1.23%) User Experience
6 6 (1.05%) EMV
6 6 (1.05%) Tandem
6 6 (1.05%) Virtual Team
7 5 (0.88%) SCORM
7 5 (0.88%) W3C
8 4 (0.70%) Enterprise Software
8 4 (0.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 4 (0.70%) IPTV
8 4 (0.70%) Management Information System
9 3 (0.53%) Fixed Income
9 3 (0.53%) Mainframe
9 3 (0.53%) NHS
10 2 (0.35%) Derivative
10 2 (0.35%) Equities
10 2 (0.35%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 45 (7.91%) Linux
2 44 (7.73%) Windows
3 25 (4.39%) Unix
4 16 (2.81%) Android
5 15 (2.64%) Apple iOS
6 7 (1.23%) Kali Linux
7 4 (0.70%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (0.53%) Windows 10
9 2 (0.35%) Solaris
10 1 (0.18%) AIX
10 1 (0.18%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.18%) VMS
10 1 (0.18%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 369 (64.85%) Test Automation
2 232 (40.77%) Agile Software Development
3 131 (23.02%) Test Scripting
4 103 (18.10%) BDD
5 94 (16.52%) DevOps
6 76 (13.36%) Performance Testing
7 73 (12.83%) Scrum
8 70 (12.30%) Functional Testing
9 69 (12.13%) Continuous Integration
10 66 (11.60%) Scenario Testing
11 62 (10.90%) TDD
12 60 (10.54%) Test Strategy
13 55 (9.67%) Regression Testing
14 54 (9.49%) API Testing
15 53 (9.31%) Integration Testing
16 49 (8.61%) SDLC
17 47 (8.26%) Manual Testing
17 47 (8.26%) Problem-Solving
17 47 (8.26%) User Acceptance Testing
18 43 (7.56%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 158 (27.77%) Java
2 110 (19.33%) SQL
3 83 (14.59%) C#
4 39 (6.85%) JavaScript
4 39 (6.85%) Python
5 16 (2.81%) Ruby
6 12 (2.11%) PowerShell
7 10 (1.76%) C
7 10 (1.76%) Groovy
8 9 (1.58%) Java 8
9 8 (1.41%) PHP
9 8 (1.41%) Scala
10 7 (1.23%) PL/SQL
11 5 (0.88%) VB
11 5 (0.88%) VBScript
12 4 (0.70%) Bash Shell
12 4 (0.70%) Kotlin
12 4 (0.70%) T-SQL
13 3 (0.53%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
13 3 (0.53%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 115 (20.21%) Security Cleared
2 92 (16.17%) SC Cleared
3 74 (13.01%) ISTQB
4 46 (8.08%) ISEB
5 45 (7.91%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 15 (2.64%) CREST Certified
7 13 (2.28%) BPSS Clearance
7 13 (2.28%) OSCP
8 12 (2.11%) Degree
8 12 (2.11%) DV Cleared
9 5 (0.88%) CHECK Team Leader
9 5 (0.88%) Master's Degree
9 5 (0.88%) Tigerscheme
10 4 (0.70%) CHECK Team Member
10 4 (0.70%) Computer Science Degree
11 3 (0.53%) CISA
11 3 (0.53%) CISM
11 3 (0.53%) Cyber Scheme
11 3 (0.53%) ECSA
12 2 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 112 (19.68%) QA
2 7 (1.23%) WCAG
3 6 (1.05%) ISO 8583
4 3 (0.53%) GPG13
5 2 (0.35%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.35%) UCITS
6 1 (0.18%) HL7
6 1 (0.18%) IFRS
6 1 (0.18%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.18%) JSP 440
6 1 (0.18%) SLA
System Software
1 20 (3.51%) Docker
2 7 (1.23%) Virtual Machines
3 4 (0.70%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.18%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.18%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 24 (4.22%) Terraform
2 21 (3.69%) Opscode Chef
3 19 (3.34%) Ansible
4 13 (2.28%) HP ALM
5 11 (1.93%) Kubernetes
6 10 (1.76%) HP Quality Center
6 10 (1.76%) Nessus
7 7 (1.23%) Grafana
7 7 (1.23%) Nmap
8 5 (0.88%) Sysdig
9 4 (0.70%) Puppet
10 3 (0.53%) Kibana
10 3 (0.53%) logstash
10 3 (0.53%) ZABBIX
11 2 (0.35%) HP Fortify
11 2 (0.35%) WebInspect
12 1 (0.18%) MOM
12 1 (0.18%) nmon
12 1 (0.18%) SCCM
12 1 (0.18%) SCOM
Vendors
1 54 (9.49%) Oracle
2 42 (7.38%) Microsoft
3 26 (4.57%) HP
4 12 (2.11%) SAP
5 9 (1.58%) Cisco
6 7 (1.23%) Atlassian
7 6 (1.05%) Dynatrace
7 6 (1.05%) Micro Focus
7 6 (1.05%) VMware
8 5 (0.88%) Google
9 4 (0.70%) Adobe
9 4 (0.70%) Blue Coat
9 4 (0.70%) Riverbed
9 4 (0.70%) Splunk
10 3 (0.53%) Dell
10 3 (0.53%) SolarWinds
10 3 (0.53%) Workday
11 2 (0.35%) IBM
11 2 (0.35%) Veracode
11 2 (0.35%) Xamarin