Period
to 20 January 2019

The median contractor rate for a Tester was £413 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 20 January 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Tester
UK
6 months to
20 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 169 206 181
Rank change year-on-year +37 -25 -9
Contract jobs requiring a Tester 1,631 1,311 1,443
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.66% 1.32% 1.49%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.76% 1.39% 1.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,088 869 894
UK median daily rate £413 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +7.14% +2.94%
10th Percentile £298 £250 £213
90th Percentile £525 £525 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £398 £350 £338
% change year-on-year +13.57% +3.70% +3.85%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 16 22
UK median hourly rate £16.85 £13.00 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +29.62% -56.67% -22.08%
10th Percentile £10.75 £12.00 £8.75
90th Percentile £30.00 £46.50 £43.98
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.50 £13.00 £33.19
% change year-on-year +57.69% -60.83% -13.81%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 92,806 94,351 91,840
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.67% 94.89% 94.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 61,342 62,670 59,948
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £269 £260 £253
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,828 2,778 3,240
UK median hourly rate £18.70 £18.50 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.08% +2.78% -4.48%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.83 £47.03
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50

Tester
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Tester in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Tester.

Contractor daily rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 20 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 20 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester within the UK over the 6 months to 20 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +51 1,518 £414 +10.33% 397
UK excluding London +44 930 £398 +13.57% 306
London +30 683 £450 +6.82% 116
South East +44 263 £398 +13.57% 75
North of England +36 253 £375 +10.70% 84
Midlands +79 166 £400 +25.00% 65
West Midlands +52 117 £400 +18.52% 41
North West +47 113 £408 +30.92% 42
Yorkshire -2 110 £373 +2.05% 35
South West -15 82 £415 +18.57% 41
Scotland +9 66 £358 -10.63% 14
East of England -22 65 £425 +13.33% 16
East Midlands +26 46 £386 +20.63% 23
North East +16 30 £391 +36.00% 7
Wales -15 23 £366 +31.98% 9
Northern Ireland +3 11 £422 +33.44% 2

Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 20 January 2019, Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Tester in the job title.

1 1,121 (68.73%) Test Automation
2 766 (46.97%) Agile Software Development
3 716 (43.90%) Selenium
4 591 (36.24%) Java
5 420 (25.75%) Cucumber
6 384 (23.54%) QA
7 342 (20.97%) SQL
8 321 (19.68%) Jenkins
9 309 (18.95%) JIRA
10 307 (18.82%) Scrum
11 297 (18.21%) BDD
12 284 (17.41%) Finance
13 278 (17.04%) WebDriver
14 272 (16.68%) Test Scripting
15 271 (16.62%) C#
16 262 (16.06%) Continuous Integration
17 224 (13.73%) JMeter
18 218 (13.37%) Performance Testing
19 191 (11.71%) Test Strategy
20 185 (11.34%) Web Services
21 184 (11.28%) JavaScript
22 183 (11.22%) TDD
23 180 (11.04%) Regression Testing
24 177 (10.85%) Manual Testing
25 170 (10.42%) Functional Testing
26 164 (10.06%) DevOps
27 155 (9.50%) SoapUI
27 155 (9.50%) .NET
28 150 (9.20%) Python
29 147 (9.01%) Confluence

Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 147 (9.01%) Confluence
2 31 (1.90%) CMS
3 25 (1.53%) SharePoint
4 23 (1.41%) Documentum
5 22 (1.35%) Elasticsearch
6 14 (0.86%) OpenStack
7 13 (0.80%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 12 (0.74%) CoreMedia CMS
9 10 (0.61%) WebLogic
10 5 (0.31%) BizTalk Server
11 4 (0.25%) JBoss
12 3 (0.18%) Apache
12 3 (0.18%) Apache Solr
12 3 (0.18%) Cloud Foundry
12 3 (0.18%) Drupal
12 3 (0.18%) NServiceBus
12 3 (0.18%) SAS
12 3 (0.18%) WebSphere
13 2 (0.12%) GemFire
13 2 (0.12%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 21 (1.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (1.04%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.25%) Windchill
4 1 (0.061%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.061%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 38 (2.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.49%) SAP GRC
3 7 (0.43%) BASE24
3 7 (0.43%) Oracle EBS R12
4 5 (0.31%) Oracle General Ledger
4 5 (0.31%) SAP S/4HANA
5 4 (0.25%) SAP FI
5 4 (0.25%) SAP PLM
6 3 (0.18%) assyst
6 3 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
6 3 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
6 3 (0.18%) SAP CO
6 3 (0.18%) SAP FI/CO
7 2 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
7 2 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
7 2 (0.12%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.12%) SAP FI-CA
7 2 (0.12%) SAP PSCD
7 2 (0.12%) SystmOne
7 2 (0.12%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 98 (6.01%) Microsoft Azure
2 76 (4.66%) Amazon AWS
3 67 (4.11%) BrowserStack
4 45 (2.76%) GitHub
5 31 (1.90%) Sauce Labs
6 19 (1.16%) BlazeMeter
6 19 (1.16%) SaaS
7 11 (0.67%) Dynamics 365
7 11 (0.67%) Slack
8 10 (0.61%) Cloud Computing
9 5 (0.31%) Google Cloud Platform
9 5 (0.31%) PaaS
10 4 (0.25%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 4 (0.25%) Boomi
10 4 (0.25%) Office 365
11 3 (0.18%) Akamai
11 3 (0.18%) Salesforce Service Cloud
11 3 (0.18%) Trello
12 2 (0.12%) Amazon S3
12 2 (0.12%) Lucidchart
Communications & Networking
1 31 (1.90%) HTTP
2 18 (1.10%) Firewall
2 18 (1.10%) Internet
3 17 (1.04%) Wireless
4 14 (0.86%) VoIP
4 14 (0.86%) VPN
5 13 (0.80%) 802.11
5 13 (0.80%) SNMP
6 12 (0.74%) Wireshark
7 10 (0.61%) DNS
8 8 (0.49%) SAN
8 8 (0.49%) SSL
9 7 (0.43%) ATM
9 7 (0.43%) MPLS
10 6 (0.37%) TCP/IP
11 5 (0.31%) DHCP
11 5 (0.31%) LAN
12 4 (0.25%) WAN
13 3 (0.18%) BIG-IP
13 3 (0.18%) Cisco ISE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (3.19%) SQL Server
2 31 (1.90%) Data Warehouse
3 30 (1.84%) MySQL
4 24 (1.47%) Relational Database
5 15 (0.92%) Oracle Reports
6 12 (0.74%) Oracle Database
7 11 (0.67%) MongoDB
8 9 (0.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 8 (0.49%) Power BI
9 8 (0.49%) RavenDB
10 7 (0.43%) Big Data
10 7 (0.43%) DB2
11 6 (0.37%) Impala
11 6 (0.37%) Oracle Database 11g
11 6 (0.37%) Oracle Database 12c
11 6 (0.37%) Pentaho
11 6 (0.37%) PostgreSQL
11 6 (0.37%) ZAP BI
12 5 (0.31%) NoSQL
12 5 (0.31%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 716 (43.90%) Selenium
2 420 (25.75%) Cucumber
3 321 (19.68%) Jenkins
4 309 (18.95%) JIRA
5 278 (17.04%) WebDriver
6 224 (13.73%) JMeter
7 155 (9.50%) SoapUI
8 122 (7.48%) Git (software)
9 111 (6.81%) Maven
10 110 (6.74%) SpecFlow
11 104 (6.38%) Visual Studio Team System
12 84 (5.15%) LoadRunner
13 77 (4.72%) JUnit
14 72 (4.41%) Team Foundation Server
15 68 (4.17%) Gatling
16 56 (3.43%) TeamCity
17 49 (3.00%) Visual Studio
18 47 (2.88%) Appium
19 44 (2.70%) HP UFT
20 43 (2.64%) Ant
General
1 284 (17.41%) Finance
2 117 (7.17%) Banking
3 62 (3.80%) Retail
4 37 (2.27%) Telecoms
5 34 (2.08%) Electronics
6 29 (1.78%) Manufacturing
6 29 (1.78%) Marketing
7 18 (1.10%) Advertising
7 18 (1.10%) Games
8 16 (0.98%) Financial Institution
8 16 (0.98%) Legal
9 12 (0.74%) Online Betting
10 10 (0.61%) Retail Banking
11 8 (0.49%) Law
12 7 (0.43%) Front Office
12 7 (0.43%) Investment Banking
13 5 (0.31%) Back Office
13 5 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (0.12%) Automotive
14 2 (0.12%) Billing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 185 (11.34%) Web Services
2 155 (9.50%) .NET
3 120 (7.36%) REST
4 115 (7.05%) SOAP
5 105 (6.44%) Gherkin
6 94 (5.76%) RESTful
7 93 (5.70%) JSON
8 80 (4.90%) XML
9 59 (3.62%) HTML
10 50 (3.07%) CSS
11 48 (2.94%) Node.js
12 31 (1.90%) AngularJS
13 25 (1.53%) J2EE
13 25 (1.53%) Middleware
14 23 (1.41%) Chai
14 23 (1.41%) Taurus
15 21 (1.29%) React
16 19 (1.16%) Java EE
16 19 (1.16%) Spring
17 18 (1.10%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 117 (7.17%) Analytical Skills
2 91 (5.58%) Mobile App
3 43 (2.64%) Self-Motivation
4 33 (2.02%) Greenfield Project
5 24 (1.47%) User Experience
6 19 (1.16%) NHS
7 18 (1.10%) Cyberthreat
8 16 (0.98%) Fintech
8 16 (0.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 14 (0.86%) Virtual Team
10 13 (0.80%) SCADA
11 12 (0.74%) Mainframe
11 12 (0.74%) Online Games
12 11 (0.67%) Wiki
13 10 (0.61%) Linux Command Line
14 9 (0.55%) Hybrid Cloud
15 8 (0.49%) Management Information System
15 8 (0.49%) SWIFT
16 7 (0.43%) DataPower
17 6 (0.37%) Fat Client
Operating Systems
1 96 (5.89%) Linux
2 73 (4.48%) Unix
3 67 (4.11%) Windows
4 43 (2.64%) Android
5 41 (2.51%) Apple iOS
6 15 (0.92%) Kali Linux
7 8 (0.49%) Windows 10
8 7 (0.43%) Windows 7
9 6 (0.37%) Mac OS X
9 6 (0.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 6 (0.37%) Windows Server 2003
10 4 (0.25%) Mac OS
10 4 (0.25%) Windows Server
11 3 (0.18%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
12 2 (0.12%) AIX
12 2 (0.12%) Solaris
13 1 (0.061%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,121 (68.73%) Test Automation
2 766 (46.97%) Agile Software Development
3 307 (18.82%) Scrum
4 297 (18.21%) BDD
5 272 (16.68%) Test Scripting
6 262 (16.06%) Continuous Integration
7 218 (13.37%) Performance Testing
8 191 (11.71%) Test Strategy
9 183 (11.22%) TDD
10 180 (11.04%) Regression Testing
11 177 (10.85%) Manual Testing
12 170 (10.42%) Functional Testing
13 164 (10.06%) DevOps
14 136 (8.34%) API Testing
15 119 (7.30%) SDET
16 117 (7.17%) Software Testing
17 114 (6.99%) Integration Testing
18 113 (6.93%) Non-Functional Testing
18 113 (6.93%) Open Source
19 110 (6.74%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 591 (36.24%) Java
2 342 (20.97%) SQL
3 271 (16.62%) C#
4 184 (11.28%) JavaScript
5 150 (9.20%) Python
6 57 (3.49%) Groovy
7 52 (3.19%) Ruby
8 37 (2.27%) C
8 37 (2.27%) C++
9 31 (1.90%) Scala
10 30 (1.84%) Java 8
11 29 (1.78%) Shell Script
12 24 (1.47%) PL/SQL
13 22 (1.35%) Bash Shell
14 20 (1.23%) PowerShell
14 20 (1.23%) VB
15 16 (0.98%) T-SQL
16 15 (0.92%) VBScript
17 14 (0.86%) Lua
17 14 (0.86%) PHP
Qualifications
1 146 (8.95%) Security Cleared
2 128 (7.85%) SC Cleared
3 101 (6.19%) ISTQB
4 94 (5.76%) ISEB
5 80 (4.90%) Degree
6 38 (2.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 32 (1.96%) Computer Science Degree
8 23 (1.41%) BPSS Clearance
9 19 (1.16%) CREST Certified
10 13 (0.80%) DV Cleared
10 13 (0.80%) OSCE
11 12 (0.74%) Master's Degree
12 11 (0.67%) OSCP
13 10 (0.61%) CISA
13 10 (0.61%) DBS Check
14 9 (0.55%) Tigerscheme
15 7 (0.43%) CEH
15 7 (0.43%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 6 (0.37%) CISSP
16 6 (0.37%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 384 (23.54%) QA
2 17 (1.04%) Data Quality
2 17 (1.04%) PSD2
3 12 (0.74%) SEPA
4 11 (0.67%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 9 (0.55%) GDPR
6 8 (0.49%) WAI
7 6 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
8 4 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.25%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.25%) PMO
8 4 (0.25%) TARGET2
8 4 (0.25%) WCAG
9 3 (0.18%) HIPAA
9 3 (0.18%) SLA
10 2 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
10 2 (0.12%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 1 (0.061%) GAMP
11 1 (0.061%) MiFID
System Software
1 103 (6.32%) Docker
2 8 (0.49%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.18%) Hyper-V
3 3 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.12%) Snort
4 2 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
4 2 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.061%) Time Sharing Option
5 1 (0.061%) Virtual Servers
5 1 (0.061%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 42 (2.58%) HP Quality Center
2 38 (2.33%) HP ALM
3 26 (1.59%) Puppet
4 24 (1.47%) Nessus
5 17 (1.04%) Nmap
6 16 (0.98%) Ansible
7 14 (0.86%) Terraform
8 13 (0.80%) Kubernetes
9 10 (0.61%) Grafana
10 9 (0.55%) Kibana
11 8 (0.49%) CA Service Virtualization
11 8 (0.49%) logstash
12 6 (0.37%) nmon
12 6 (0.37%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 5 (0.31%) Opscode Chef
14 3 (0.18%) Prometheus
14 3 (0.18%) ZABBIX
15 2 (0.12%) HP SiteScope
15 2 (0.12%) McAfee ePO
15 2 (0.12%) WMI
Vendors
1 109 (6.68%) Microsoft
2 107 (6.56%) Oracle
3 66 (4.05%) HP
4 60 (3.68%) SAP
5 57 (3.49%) Atlassian
6 23 (1.41%) Pega
7 18 (1.10%) Cisco
7 18 (1.10%) Salesforce.com
8 17 (1.04%) IBM
9 14 (0.86%) Adobe
10 9 (0.55%) CA
11 8 (0.49%) Google
11 8 (0.49%) hybris
11 8 (0.49%) Juniper
12 7 (0.43%) AppDynamics
12 7 (0.43%) BEA
12 7 (0.43%) Citrix
12 7 (0.43%) SOASTA, Inc
12 7 (0.43%) VMware
13 6 (0.37%) AlienVault