Period
to 23 November 2017

The median contractor rate for a Tester was £375 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Tester
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 201 192 166
Rank change year-on-year -9 -26 +15
Contract jobs requiring a Tester 1363 1461 1703
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.32% 1.39% 1.50%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.39% 1.46% 1.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 883 910 1159
UK median daily rate £375 £365 £338
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.74% +8.15% +3.85%
10th Percentile £250 £200 £222
90th Percentile £525 £525 £463
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £338 £325
% change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 20 15
UK median hourly rate £13.00 £33.19 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -60.83% +10.62% +5.26%
10th Percentile £11.60 £8.50 £22.00
90th Percentile £44.85 £44.10 £42.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £13.50 £34.37 £30.00
% change year-on-year -60.72% +14.57% +5.26%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 97742 99747 107875
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.80% 94.76% 94.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 64508 65028 68632
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £260 £250 £250
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £390 £375
% change year-on-year +2.56% +4.00% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2923 3319 4120
UK median hourly rate £18.70 £18.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.89% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £10.96 £10.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £47.50 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50

Tester
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Tester in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Tester.

Contractor daily rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 1242 £375 +1.35% 216
UK excluding London -2 734 £350 +3.70% 153
London -26 615 £420 +7.69% 70
South East -35 207 £350 - 38
North of England +41 174 £350 +3.70% 50
Yorkshire +51 101 £363 -7.05% 24
East of England +10 97 £350 +7.69% 22
South West -23 81 £350 +7.69% 14
Scotland 0 68 £400 +33.33% 5
Midlands -1 67 £325 - 20
North West +4 57 £313 -7.41% 23
West Midlands -3 36 £350 +7.69% 9
East Midlands +4 30 £325 - 11
Northern Ireland -16 23 £320 -24.65%
North East +31 16 £275 -15.38% 3
Wales +7 14 £300 -20.00% 4
Isle of Man - 3 £225 -
Channel Islands - 2 - -

Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads featuring Tester in the job title.

1 802 (58.84%) Test Automation
2 669 (49.08%) Agile Software Development
3 459 (33.68%) Selenium
4 390 (28.61%) QA
4 390 (28.61%) Java
5 318 (23.33%) Cucumber
6 291 (21.35%) BDD
7 289 (21.20%) JIRA
8 275 (20.18%) SQL
9 274 (20.10%) Test Scripting
10 252 (18.49%) Finance
11 222 (16.29%) WebDriver
12 214 (15.70%) Jenkins
13 196 (14.38%) Scrum
14 192 (14.09%) Continuous Integration
15 177 (12.99%) TDD
16 163 (11.96%) C#
16 163 (11.96%) Functional Testing
17 158 (11.59%) Web Services
18 151 (11.08%) JavaScript
19 150 (11.01%) Performance Testing
19 150 (11.01%) Git (software)
20 142 (10.42%) Banking
21 138 (10.12%) SOAP
22 137 (10.05%) Manual Testing
23 135 (9.90%) Regression Testing
24 130 (9.54%) User Acceptance Testing
25 128 (9.39%) HP
26 127 (9.32%) Software Testing
27 123 (9.02%) SoapUI

Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 83 (6.09%) Confluence
2 26 (1.91%) WebSphere
3 15 (1.10%) SharePoint
4 8 (0.59%) CMS
5 7 (0.51%) nginx
6 6 (0.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 6 (0.44%) IIS
7 5 (0.37%) BizTalk Server
7 5 (0.37%) Umbraco
8 4 (0.29%) Sitecore CMS
9 3 (0.22%) JBoss
9 3 (0.22%) SAS
9 3 (0.22%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.15%) Apache Spark
10 2 (0.15%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.15%) Elasticsearch
10 2 (0.15%) SharePoint 2013
10 2 (0.15%) WebLogic
11 1 (0.073%) Oracle Service Bus
11 1 (0.073%) WebSphere Portal
Applications
1 44 (3.23%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (1.47%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 6 (0.44%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.15%) Simulink
5 1 (0.073%) HipChat
5 1 (0.073%) Mingle
5 1 (0.073%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 13 (0.95%) Magento
2 8 (0.59%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.44%) Unit4 Business World
4 4 (0.29%) Lawson
4 4 (0.29%) Minerva
4 4 (0.29%) Sentinel
5 3 (0.22%) Misys Midas
5 3 (0.22%) Temenos T24
6 2 (0.15%) Cognos TM1
6 2 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.15%) iTrent
6 2 (0.15%) Maximo
6 2 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
6 2 (0.15%) Oracle Financials
6 2 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.15%) SAP CRM
6 2 (0.15%) Teamcenter
7 1 (0.073%) OPENHousing
7 1 (0.073%) Oracle FAH
7 1 (0.073%) PeopleSoft HCM
Cloud Services
1 67 (4.92%) Amazon AWS
2 34 (2.49%) Microsoft Azure
3 18 (1.32%) Sauce Labs
4 15 (1.10%) GitHub
5 13 (0.95%) BrowserStack
6 8 (0.59%) SaaS
7 5 (0.37%) Salesforce Service Cloud
8 4 (0.29%) Cloud Computing
8 4 (0.29%) Google Cloud Platform
8 4 (0.29%) IaaS
9 3 (0.22%) BlazeMeter
9 3 (0.22%) npm
9 3 (0.22%) PaaS
10 2 (0.15%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 2 (0.15%) Heroku
10 2 (0.15%) Serverless
10 2 (0.15%) vREST
11 1 (0.073%) AWS CloudTrail
11 1 (0.073%) FinancialForce
11 1 (0.073%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 27 (1.98%) Internet
2 22 (1.61%) HTTP
3 18 (1.32%) Bluetooth
4 16 (1.17%) Wireless
5 10 (0.73%) TCP/IP
6 8 (0.59%) Firewall
7 7 (0.51%) Broadband
7 7 (0.51%) Wireshark
8 6 (0.44%) NAS
9 5 (0.37%) 3G
9 5 (0.37%) 802.11
9 5 (0.37%) ADSL
9 5 (0.37%) DNS
9 5 (0.37%) FTP
9 5 (0.37%) IPv4
9 5 (0.37%) IPv6
9 5 (0.37%) SMS
9 5 (0.37%) UPnP
9 5 (0.37%) VDSL
9 5 (0.37%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 55 (4.04%) SQL Server
2 40 (2.93%) MongoDB
3 37 (2.71%) Redis
4 31 (2.27%) Big Data
4 31 (2.27%) Relational Database
5 29 (2.13%) Data Warehouse
6 25 (1.83%) DB2
7 23 (1.69%) NoSQL
8 16 (1.17%) MySQL
8 16 (1.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 14 (1.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 13 (0.95%) DbVisualizer
10 13 (0.95%) Hadoop
11 10 (0.73%) Oracle Database
12 8 (0.59%) PostgreSQL
13 7 (0.51%) SQL Server 2012
14 6 (0.44%) Oracle Reports
14 6 (0.44%) PowerCenter
15 4 (0.29%) Blockchain
15 4 (0.29%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 459 (33.68%) Selenium
2 318 (23.33%) Cucumber
3 289 (21.20%) JIRA
4 222 (16.29%) WebDriver
5 214 (15.70%) Jenkins
6 150 (11.01%) Git (software)
7 123 (9.02%) SoapUI
8 122 (8.95%) JMeter
9 85 (6.24%) LoadRunner
10 67 (4.92%) SpecFlow
11 57 (4.18%) Team Foundation Server
12 52 (3.82%) JUnit
13 48 (3.52%) Appium
14 39 (2.86%) Visual Studio
15 38 (2.79%) Protractor
16 32 (2.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 29 (2.13%) Calabash
18 28 (2.05%) HP UFT
19 25 (1.83%) TeamCity
20 24 (1.76%) Maven
General
1 252 (18.49%) Finance
2 142 (10.42%) Banking
3 63 (4.62%) Retail
4 56 (4.11%) Telecoms
5 55 (4.04%) Games
6 39 (2.86%) Marketing
7 27 (1.98%) Electronics
7 27 (1.98%) Investment Banking
7 27 (1.98%) Manufacturing
8 20 (1.47%) Retail Banking
9 18 (1.32%) Legal
10 15 (1.10%) Advertising
11 14 (1.03%) Corporate Banking
11 14 (1.03%) Front Office
12 9 (0.66%) Back Office
12 9 (0.66%) Publishing
13 7 (0.51%) Financial Institution
14 6 (0.44%) General Ledger
15 5 (0.37%) Law
16 4 (0.29%) Military
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 158 (11.59%) Web Services
2 138 (10.12%) SOAP
3 110 (8.07%) Gherkin
4 99 (7.26%) REST
5 94 (6.90%) .NET
6 88 (6.46%) RESTful
7 65 (4.77%) JSON
8 53 (3.89%) XML
9 43 (3.15%) HTML
10 30 (2.20%) J2EE
10 30 (2.20%) Node.js
11 29 (2.13%) AngularJS
12 22 (1.61%) RESTEasy
13 21 (1.54%) ActiveMQ
14 19 (1.39%) Middleware
14 19 (1.39%) Spring
15 16 (1.17%) CSS
16 10 (0.73%) FIX Protocol
17 8 (0.59%) React
18 7 (0.51%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 84 (6.16%) Analytical Skills
2 73 (5.36%) Mobile App
3 40 (2.93%) Greenfield Project
4 34 (2.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 31 (2.27%) Computer Science
6 21 (1.54%) User Experience
7 20 (1.47%) STB
8 14 (1.03%) Online Games
9 13 (0.95%) Fintech
9 13 (0.95%) Management Information System
10 12 (0.88%) Embedded Systems
10 12 (0.88%) Enterprise Software
11 10 (0.73%) Derivative
11 10 (0.73%) Mainframe
11 10 (0.73%) Video on Demand
12 9 (0.66%) Equities
12 9 (0.66%) Smartphone
13 7 (0.51%) Data Centre
13 7 (0.51%) Linux Command Line
13 7 (0.51%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 78 (5.72%) Unix
2 64 (4.70%) Windows
3 63 (4.62%) Linux
4 47 (3.45%) Android
5 46 (3.37%) Apple iOS
6 36 (2.64%) Mac OS X
7 7 (0.51%) Windows Server
7 7 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
8 6 (0.44%) Windows 10
9 4 (0.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 3 (0.22%) Windows 7
11 2 (0.15%) AIX
11 2 (0.15%) VMS
11 2 (0.15%) Windows Mobile
11 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.073%) Solaris
12 1 (0.073%) Windows 8
12 1 (0.073%) Windows Server 2003
12 1 (0.073%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 802 (58.84%) Test Automation
2 669 (49.08%) Agile Software Development
3 291 (21.35%) BDD
4 274 (20.10%) Test Scripting
5 196 (14.38%) Scrum
6 192 (14.09%) Continuous Integration
7 177 (12.99%) TDD
8 163 (11.96%) Functional Testing
9 150 (11.01%) Performance Testing
10 137 (10.05%) Manual Testing
11 135 (9.90%) Regression Testing
12 130 (9.54%) User Acceptance Testing
13 127 (9.32%) Software Testing
14 120 (8.80%) API Testing
15 117 (8.58%) Test Strategy
16 104 (7.63%) Integration Testing
17 102 (7.48%) SDLC
18 96 (7.04%) E-Commerce
18 96 (7.04%) Non-Functional Testing
19 95 (6.97%) Scenario Testing
Programming Languages
1 390 (28.61%) Java
2 275 (20.18%) SQL
3 163 (11.96%) C#
4 151 (11.08%) JavaScript
5 117 (8.58%) Python
6 87 (6.38%) Ruby
7 44 (3.23%) Scala
8 39 (2.86%) Groovy
9 25 (1.83%) Bash Shell
9 25 (1.83%) C
9 25 (1.83%) PHP
10 22 (1.61%) Apple Swift
11 20 (1.47%) Shell Script
12 18 (1.32%) Perl
13 17 (1.25%) C++
14 13 (0.95%) R
15 12 (0.88%) VB.NET
16 10 (0.73%) Embedded C
16 10 (0.73%) PowerShell
17 8 (0.59%) VBA
Qualifications
1 98 (7.19%) Security Cleared
2 79 (5.80%) Degree
3 76 (5.58%) ISEB
4 70 (5.14%) SC Cleared
5 63 (4.62%) ISTQB
6 27 (1.98%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 24 (1.76%) CREST Certified
8 20 (1.47%) Computer Science Degree
9 13 (0.95%) CHECK Team Member
10 11 (0.81%) DV Cleared
11 10 (0.73%) BPSS Clearance
12 7 (0.51%) CISSP
13 6 (0.44%) Master's Degree
13 6 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
14 5 (0.37%) CEH
14 5 (0.37%) SANS
15 4 (0.29%) ISEB Practitioner
15 4 (0.29%) MCSE
16 2 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
16 2 (0.15%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 390 (28.61%) QA
2 22 (1.61%) MiFID
3 15 (1.10%) WCAG
4 6 (0.44%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.44%) PCI DSS
5 5 (0.37%) WAI
6 3 (0.22%) GAMP
6 3 (0.22%) SEPA
6 3 (0.22%) SLA
7 2 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
7 2 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.15%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.073%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 1 (0.073%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.073%) EMIR
8 1 (0.073%) GDPR
8 1 (0.073%) GxP
8 1 (0.073%) ISO 8583
8 1 (0.073%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 41 (3.01%) Docker
2 9 (0.66%) Firmware
3 4 (0.29%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.22%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.15%) VirtualBox
5 2 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
5 2 (0.15%) vSphere
6 1 (0.073%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.073%) HDFS
6 1 (0.073%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.073%) Microsoft App-V
6 1 (0.073%) Time Sharing Option
6 1 (0.073%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.073%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 75 (5.50%) HP Quality Center
2 25 (1.83%) HP SiteScope
3 24 (1.76%) OpenView
4 23 (1.69%) Puppet
5 12 (0.88%) Ansible
6 11 (0.81%) Kibana
7 10 (0.73%) Grafana
8 8 (0.59%) StatsD
9 5 (0.37%) Nessus
10 4 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
11 3 (0.22%) Nmap
11 3 (0.22%) Perfmon
12 2 (0.15%) HP Fortify
12 2 (0.15%) SCCM
12 2 (0.15%) Terraform
13 1 (0.073%) Ambari
13 1 (0.073%) Hadoop YARN
13 1 (0.073%) HP Data Protector
13 1 (0.073%) logstash
13 1 (0.073%) Rancher
Vendors
1 128 (9.39%) HP
2 89 (6.53%) Microsoft
3 56 (4.11%) Oracle
4 34 (2.49%) SAP
5 28 (2.05%) Atlassian
6 25 (1.83%) Salesforce.com
7 24 (1.76%) IBM
8 19 (1.39%) hybris
9 12 (0.88%) Splunk
10 10 (0.73%) Informatica
11 9 (0.66%) Fidessa
11 9 (0.66%) Perforce
11 9 (0.66%) Sitecore
12 8 (0.59%) AppDynamics
12 8 (0.59%) Workday
13 7 (0.51%) Charles River
13 7 (0.51%) Perfecto Mobile
13 7 (0.51%) VMware
13 7 (0.51%) Xamarin
14 6 (0.44%) Adobe