Period
to 18 April 2021

The median contractor rate for a Tester was £418 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 18 April 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Tester
UK
6 months to
18 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 230 220 180
Rank change year-on-year -10 -40 +40
Contract jobs requiring a Tester 593 667 1,547
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.12% 1.16% 1.61%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.20% 1.24% 1.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 395 454 988
10th Percentile £257 £263 £299
25th Percentile £323 £319 £331
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £418 £400 £415
Median % change year-on-year +4.38% -3.61% +7.10%
75th Percentile £488 £475 £475
90th Percentile £538 £550 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £388
% change year-on-year +6.67% -3.23% +10.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 11 14
10th Percentile £15.50 £13.05 £10.75
25th Percentile £15.59 £17.15 £12.45
Median hourly rate £40.00 £47.00 £13.15
Median % change year-on-year -14.89% +257.41% -69.06%
75th Percentile £50.00 £47.97 £22.75
90th Percentile £51.00 £48.75 £27.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.55 £47.00 £13.20
% change year-on-year -64.80% +256.06% -68.94%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 49,296 53,873 90,758
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.79% 93.77% 94.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 33,853 35,731 61,167
10th Percentile £278 £225 £275
25th Percentile £375 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £460 £465
Median % change year-on-year +3.26% -1.08% +3.33%
75th Percentile £575 £569 £569
90th Percentile £663 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,685 2,069 2,679
10th Percentile £11.36 £11.61 £11.00
25th Percentile £14.50 £14.00 £13.00
Median hourly rate £22.50 £18.90 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year +19.05% +5.00% +2.86%
75th Percentile £45.00 £38.75 £38.75
90th Percentile £57.80 £52.14 £49.05
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% -

Tester
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Tester in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Tester.

Daily rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 18 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Tester.

Hourly rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 18 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester within the UK over the 6 months to 18 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -16 442 £425 +6.25% 88
UK excluding London -1 250 £400 +6.67% 72
Work from Home -83 204 £413 +3.13% 18
London -28 196 £425 - 23
South East +4 64 £370 - 16
North of England +42 61 £400 +6.67% 27
Scotland -15 38 £323 -3.37% 4
Midlands +1 32 £438 +21.53% 12
North West +36 31 £400 +14.29% 16
East of England +35 26 £350 -28.57% 4
South West +52 25 £439 -2.50% 5
West Midlands -12 20 £383 -2.73% 8
North East +29 15 £475 +18.75% 2
Yorkshire +12 14 £388 +3.33% 9
East Midlands +17 12 £438 +34.62% 4
Wales +11 2 £425 +30.77% 2
Isle of Man - 2 - -

Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 18 April 2021, Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Tester in the job title.

1 351 (59.19%) Test Automation
2 224 (37.77%) Agile Software Development
3 188 (31.70%) Java
4 165 (27.82%) Selenium
5 140 (23.61%) QA
6 121 (20.40%) SQL
7 114 (19.22%) JIRA
8 110 (18.55%) Jenkins
9 106 (17.88%) Cucumber
10 98 (16.53%) Security Cleared
10 98 (16.53%) Python
11 97 (16.36%) JMeter
11 97 (16.36%) BDD
12 93 (15.68%) Software Testing
13 88 (14.84%) Finance
13 88 (14.84%) Azure
14 85 (14.33%) Test Scripting
15 75 (12.65%) Performance Testing
16 73 (12.31%) Regression Testing
17 72 (12.14%) Postman
18 71 (11.97%) C#
19 69 (11.64%) Non-Functional Testing
20 68 (11.47%) DevOps
21 65 (10.96%) SC Cleared
22 60 (10.12%) Test Strategy
23 58 (9.78%) Functional Testing
23 58 (9.78%) Scenario Testing
24 55 (9.27%) Continuous Integration
25 54 (9.11%) Manual Testing
25 54 (9.11%) Scrum

Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (5.23%) Confluence
2 10 (1.69%) Apache Spark
3 9 (1.52%) SharePoint
4 6 (1.01%) WebSphere
5 3 (0.51%) Apache
6 2 (0.34%) Anypoint
6 2 (0.34%) Apache Solr
6 2 (0.34%) CMS
6 2 (0.34%) IBM Domino
6 2 (0.34%) NetWeaver
7 1 (0.17%) CICS
7 1 (0.17%) JBoss
7 1 (0.17%) Moodle
7 1 (0.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 1 (0.17%) Tomcat
7 1 (0.17%) WebLogic
Applications
1 5 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.17%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.17%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 5 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
1 5 (0.84%) Magento
1 5 (0.84%) Maximo
1 5 (0.84%) Oracle EBS
2 3 (0.51%) Dynamics AX
2 3 (0.51%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.34%) NetSuite
3 2 (0.34%) Oracle EBS R12
3 2 (0.34%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 2 (0.34%) SAP IS-U
4 1 (0.17%) BASE24
4 1 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.17%) Oracle Payroll
4 1 (0.17%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 1 (0.17%) SAP HCM
4 1 (0.17%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 88 (14.84%) Azure
2 36 (6.07%) AWS
3 22 (3.71%) GitHub
4 18 (3.04%) Serverless
5 9 (1.52%) Dynamics 365
6 8 (1.35%) Azure Functions
6 8 (1.35%) Microsoft 365
7 7 (1.18%) Azure Data Factory
8 6 (1.01%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 6 (1.01%) Azure Active Directory
8 6 (1.01%) Power Platform
8 6 (1.01%) Slack
9 5 (0.84%) Boomi
10 4 (0.67%) AWS Lambda
10 4 (0.67%) OpenShift
11 3 (0.51%) Amazon S3
11 3 (0.51%) BrowserStack
11 3 (0.51%) Google Analytics
11 3 (0.51%) Logic Apps
11 3 (0.51%) Tricentis Tosca
Communications & Networking
1 8 (1.35%) HTTP
2 7 (1.18%) TCP/IP
2 7 (1.18%) Wireshark
3 6 (1.01%) Internet
4 5 (0.84%) 4G
4 5 (0.84%) 5G
4 5 (0.84%) Firewall
5 4 (0.67%) FTP
6 3 (0.51%) 3GPP
6 3 (0.51%) Diameter Protocol
6 3 (0.51%) Intrusion Detection
6 3 (0.51%) LTE
6 3 (0.51%) MIMO
6 3 (0.51%) Radio Access Network
6 3 (0.51%) VoLTE
6 3 (0.51%) VoWiFi
7 2 (0.34%) 2G
7 2 (0.34%) Link 11
7 2 (0.34%) Link 16
7 2 (0.34%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (4.38%) SQL Server
2 14 (2.36%) Big Data
3 12 (2.02%) Data Warehouse
4 11 (1.85%) MySQL
5 10 (1.69%) Hadoop
6 8 (1.35%) DB2
7 7 (1.18%) NoSQL
7 7 (1.18%) Relational Database
8 6 (1.01%) MongoDB
9 5 (0.84%) Data Lake
9 5 (0.84%) Power BI
10 4 (0.67%) DbVisualizer
10 4 (0.67%) MS Access
10 4 (0.67%) Oracle Reports
11 3 (0.51%) Azure SQL Database
11 3 (0.51%) Oracle Database
12 2 (0.34%) Apache Hive
12 2 (0.34%) PostgreSQL
12 2 (0.34%) SAP BW
12 2 (0.34%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 165 (27.82%) Selenium
2 114 (19.22%) JIRA
3 110 (18.55%) Jenkins
4 106 (17.88%) Cucumber
5 97 (16.36%) JMeter
6 72 (12.14%) Postman
7 52 (8.77%) SoapUI
8 46 (7.76%) LoadRunner
9 39 (6.58%) WebDriver
10 35 (5.90%) SpecFlow
11 28 (4.72%) Git (software)
12 27 (4.55%) REST Assured
13 20 (3.37%) Appium
14 19 (3.20%) GitLab
14 19 (3.20%) JUnit
15 18 (3.04%) NeoLoad
16 17 (2.87%) Gatling
16 17 (2.87%) Maven
17 14 (2.36%) HP UFT
18 13 (2.19%) Cypress.io
General
1 88 (14.84%) Finance
2 49 (8.26%) Banking
3 47 (7.93%) Public Sector
4 18 (3.04%) Telecoms
5 16 (2.70%) Marketing
6 14 (2.36%) Retail Banking
7 10 (1.69%) Retail
8 4 (0.67%) Advertising
8 4 (0.67%) Front Office
8 4 (0.67%) Games
9 3 (0.51%) Investment Banking
9 3 (0.51%) Legal
9 3 (0.51%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.34%) Automotive
10 2 (0.34%) Back Office
10 2 (0.34%) Law
10 2 (0.34%) Military
10 2 (0.34%) Multimedia
10 2 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.17%) Electronics
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (7.08%) SOAP
2 40 (6.75%) RESTful
3 39 (6.58%) REST
4 35 (5.90%) .NET
5 30 (5.06%) Gherkin
5 30 (5.06%) Web Services
6 26 (4.38%) JSON
6 26 (4.38%) XML
7 13 (2.19%) pytest
8 12 (2.02%) Beautiful Soup
9 11 (1.85%) WireMock
10 9 (1.52%) .NET Core
10 9 (1.52%) HTML
10 9 (1.52%) Swagger
11 8 (1.35%) .NET Framework
11 8 (1.35%) AngularJS
12 6 (1.01%) Node.js
12 6 (1.01%) OAuth
12 6 (1.01%) OAuth2
12 6 (1.01%) WebdriverIO
Miscellaneous
1 52 (8.77%) Analytical Skills
2 31 (5.23%) Mobile App
3 16 (2.70%) Self-Motivation
4 15 (2.53%) NHS
5 10 (1.69%) Greenfield Project
6 9 (1.52%) Smart Meter
7 8 (1.35%) Analytical Mindset
8 4 (0.67%) CESG
8 4 (0.67%) Data Centre
8 4 (0.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 4 (0.67%) IVR
9 3 (0.51%) Driving Licence
9 3 (0.51%) Mainframe
9 3 (0.51%) Management Information System
9 3 (0.51%) Public Cloud
9 3 (0.51%) User Experience
10 2 (0.34%) Algorithms
10 2 (0.34%) Client/Server
10 2 (0.34%) Cloud Native
10 2 (0.34%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 35 (5.90%) Linux
2 20 (3.37%) Android
3 19 (3.20%) Unix
4 15 (2.53%) Apple iOS
5 14 (2.36%) Windows
6 3 (0.51%) CentOS
6 3 (0.51%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.17%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 351 (59.19%) Test Automation
2 224 (37.77%) Agile Software Development
3 97 (16.36%) BDD
4 93 (15.68%) Software Testing
5 85 (14.33%) Test Scripting
6 75 (12.65%) Performance Testing
7 73 (12.31%) Regression Testing
8 69 (11.64%) Non-Functional Testing
9 68 (11.47%) DevOps
10 60 (10.12%) Test Strategy
11 58 (9.78%) Functional Testing
11 58 (9.78%) Scenario Testing
12 55 (9.27%) Continuous Integration
13 54 (9.11%) Manual Testing
13 54 (9.11%) Scrum
14 49 (8.26%) TDD
15 47 (7.93%) API Testing
16 42 (7.08%) Problem-Solving
17 41 (6.91%) Integration Testing
17 41 (6.91%) SDET
Programming Languages
1 188 (31.70%) Java
2 121 (20.40%) SQL
3 98 (16.53%) Python
4 71 (11.97%) C#
5 43 (7.25%) JavaScript
6 21 (3.54%) Ruby
7 20 (3.37%) C
8 17 (2.87%) Bash Shell
8 17 (2.87%) C++
9 15 (2.53%) VB
10 13 (2.19%) Scala
11 12 (2.02%) Shell Script
12 8 (1.35%) PowerShell
13 7 (1.18%) Groovy
13 7 (1.18%) PHP
13 7 (1.18%) T-SQL
13 7 (1.18%) TypeScript
14 6 (1.01%) Java 8
14 6 (1.01%) VBScript
15 4 (0.67%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 98 (16.53%) Security Cleared
2 65 (10.96%) SC Cleared
3 49 (8.26%) ISTQB
4 28 (4.72%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 27 (4.55%) ISEB
6 19 (3.20%) Degree
7 17 (2.87%) CREST Certified
8 11 (1.85%) BPSS Clearance
9 10 (1.69%) OSCP
10 9 (1.52%) DV Cleared
11 7 (1.18%) CHECK Team Leader
12 4 (0.67%) CCNA
12 4 (0.67%) CCNP
12 4 (0.67%) Cisco Certification
12 4 (0.67%) Microsoft Certification
13 3 (0.51%) CHECK Team Member
13 3 (0.51%) Computer Science Degree
13 3 (0.51%) Cyber Scheme
14 2 (0.34%) GPEN
15 1 (0.17%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 140 (23.61%) QA
2 10 (1.69%) SLA
3 5 (0.84%) HL7
3 5 (0.84%) WCAG
4 4 (0.67%) PCI DSS
5 3 (0.51%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.51%) MiFID
5 3 (0.51%) NCSC
6 2 (0.34%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.17%) GDPR
7 1 (0.17%) ISO 8583
7 1 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 17025
7 1 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.17%) NIST
System Software
1 29 (4.89%) Docker
2 7 (1.18%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.34%) HDFS
4 1 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 24 (4.05%) HP ALM
2 13 (2.19%) Grafana
3 11 (1.85%) Kubernetes
4 8 (1.35%) Kibana
5 7 (1.18%) Terraform
6 6 (1.01%) HP Quality Center
7 4 (0.67%) Ansible
8 3 (0.51%) Rancher
9 2 (0.34%) Netcool
10 1 (0.17%) CA Wily
10 1 (0.17%) HP Fortify
10 1 (0.17%) Iperf
10 1 (0.17%) Opscode Chef
10 1 (0.17%) Puppet
10 1 (0.17%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 38 (6.41%) Microsoft
2 34 (5.73%) Oracle
3 29 (4.89%) HP
4 15 (2.53%) AppDynamics
5 13 (2.19%) SAP
6 12 (2.02%) Splunk
7 9 (1.52%) IBM
7 9 (1.52%) Salesforce.com
8 8 (1.35%) Databricks
9 7 (1.18%) Google
10 6 (1.01%) hybris
10 6 (1.01%) SOASTA, Inc
11 4 (0.67%) Atlassian
11 4 (0.67%) Dell
11 4 (0.67%) Dynatrace
11 4 (0.67%) MuleSoft
12 3 (0.51%) Micro Focus
12 3 (0.51%) New Relic
12 3 (0.51%) Perfecto Mobile
12 3 (0.51%) VMware