Period
to 17 July 2019

The median contractor rate for a Tester was £400 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 17 July 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Tester
UK
6 months to
17 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 198 213 198
Rank change year-on-year +15 -15 +23
Contract jobs requiring a Tester 1,304 1,342 1,268
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.40% 1.29% 1.33%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.49% 1.37% 1.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 804 912 745
UK median daily rate £400 £388 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.23% +10.71% -
10th Percentile £278 £263 £213
90th Percentile £538 £500 £492
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £360 £325
% change year-on-year +4.17% +10.77% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 11 15
UK median hourly rate £13.10 £36.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -63.61% +44.00% -37.50%
10th Percentile £13.05 £10.50 £10.20
90th Percentile £50.90 £175.00 £75.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £13.10 £35.00 £18.61
% change year-on-year -62.57% +88.12% -57.23%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 87,723 98,311 90,186
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.50% 94.85% 94.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,713 64,370 58,435
UK median daily rate £470 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.44% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £263 £269 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £619
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,923 3,167 2,924
UK median hourly rate £19.73 £18.11 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.95% -3.16% -4.10%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.00 £10.75
90th Percentile £52.14 £48.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.50 £17.50 £17.77
% change year-on-year +5.71% -1.52% -6.47%

Tester
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Tester in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Tester.

Contractor daily rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 17 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 17 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester within the UK over the 6 months to 17 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +28 1,218 £400 +1.91% 275
UK excluding London +7 738 £375 +4.17% 226
London +42 548 £425 - 70
South East +28 194 £388 +3.33% 57
North of England +12 186 £363 +2.84% 60
Midlands +40 138 £375 +2.74% 46
West Midlands +45 101 £375 +2.74% 31
South West +6 96 £400 +14.29% 29
North West +34 85 £375 -3.98% 26
Yorkshire -21 68 £363 +3.57% 30
East of England -21 54 £360 -8.86% 14
Scotland -19 48 £325 -7.14% 10
East Midlands +20 34 £363 - 15
North East +38 32 £325 - 4
Wales -7 15 £263 -30.00% 11
Northern Ireland 0 5 £525 +61.54%
Channel Islands - 3 - -

Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 17 July 2019, Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Tester in the job title.

1 813 (62.35%) Test Automation
2 536 (41.10%) Agile Software Development
3 528 (40.49%) Selenium
4 410 (31.44%) Java
5 306 (23.47%) QA
6 263 (20.17%) SQL
6 263 (20.17%) Cucumber
7 247 (18.94%) Test Scripting
8 230 (17.64%) C#
9 222 (17.02%) Scrum
10 214 (16.41%) JIRA
11 205 (15.72%) Jenkins
12 196 (15.03%) BDD
13 174 (13.34%) Finance
14 157 (12.04%) JavaScript
15 152 (11.66%) Continuous Integration
16 150 (11.50%) Test Strategy
17 144 (11.04%) Manual Testing
18 141 (10.81%) Security Cleared
18 141 (10.81%) Performance Testing
19 139 (10.66%) WebDriver
20 138 (10.58%) JMeter
21 137 (10.51%) TDD
22 134 (10.28%) Python
23 125 (9.59%) Git (software)
24 123 (9.43%) SC Cleared
25 121 (9.28%) Regression Testing
26 116 (8.90%) Penetration Testing
27 115 (8.82%) Gherkin
28 112 (8.59%) API Testing

Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 100 (7.67%) Confluence
2 24 (1.84%) CMS
3 22 (1.69%) SharePoint
4 17 (1.30%) WebSphere
5 10 (0.77%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 10 (0.77%) nginx
6 6 (0.46%) BizTalk Server
7 4 (0.31%) Elasticsearch
7 4 (0.31%) MQSeries
8 3 (0.23%) Apache
8 3 (0.23%) JBoss
8 3 (0.23%) Sitecore CMS
8 3 (0.23%) Umbraco
8 3 (0.23%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.15%) Apache Spark
9 2 (0.15%) Drupal
9 2 (0.15%) NetWeaver
9 2 (0.15%) OpenEdge
9 2 (0.15%) SAS
9 2 (0.15%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 15 (1.15%) Microsoft Excel
1 15 (1.15%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
3 3 (0.23%) Zeplin
4 1 (0.077%) FileZilla
4 1 (0.077%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.077%) Notepad++
4 1 (0.077%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 14 (1.07%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.46%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 5 (0.38%) Actimize
4 4 (0.31%) Magento
5 3 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
6 2 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
6 2 (0.15%) Markit EDM
6 2 (0.15%) Maximo
7 1 (0.077%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.077%) HFM
7 1 (0.077%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.077%) SAP FI
7 1 (0.077%) SAP GRC
7 1 (0.077%) SAP HCM
7 1 (0.077%) SAP HR
7 1 (0.077%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.077%) SAP Payroll
7 1 (0.077%) Temenos T24
7 1 (0.077%) thinkFolio
7 1 (0.077%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 84 (6.44%) Microsoft Azure
2 48 (3.68%) Amazon AWS
3 25 (1.92%) BrowserStack
4 23 (1.76%) GitHub
5 22 (1.69%) Sauce Labs
6 14 (1.07%) Serverless
7 11 (0.84%) Dynamics 365
7 11 (0.84%) PaaS
8 10 (0.77%) SaaS
9 9 (0.69%) Power Platform
9 9 (0.69%) Salesforce Service Cloud
10 8 (0.61%) Office 365
11 7 (0.54%) Azure Functions
11 7 (0.54%) IaaS
12 6 (0.46%) Google Cloud Platform
13 5 (0.38%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 5 (0.38%) DigitalOcean
13 5 (0.38%) Google Analytics
14 4 (0.31%) Amazon EC2
14 4 (0.31%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 23 (1.76%) HTTP
2 18 (1.38%) Internet
3 13 (1.00%) Wireshark
4 9 (0.69%) Firewall
4 9 (0.69%) Network Security
4 9 (0.69%) Wireless
5 6 (0.46%) SSH
6 5 (0.38%) LAN
7 4 (0.31%) 3G
7 4 (0.31%) 4G
7 4 (0.31%) ATM
7 4 (0.31%) HTTPS
7 4 (0.31%) LTE
7 4 (0.31%) SAN
8 3 (0.23%) DHCP
8 3 (0.23%) IPv4
8 3 (0.23%) IPv6
8 3 (0.23%) Skype
8 3 (0.23%) UPnP
8 3 (0.23%) Wireless Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (5.06%) SQL Server
2 41 (3.14%) Data Warehouse
3 21 (1.61%) MongoDB
4 20 (1.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 18 (1.38%) MySQL
6 15 (1.15%) PostgreSQL
7 13 (1.00%) DB2
8 11 (0.84%) BusinessObjects
9 10 (0.77%) Oracle Database
10 9 (0.69%) Blockchain
10 9 (0.69%) Pentaho
10 9 (0.69%) Power BI
11 8 (0.61%) DbVisualizer
11 8 (0.61%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 7 (0.54%) Big Data
12 7 (0.54%) NoSQL
12 7 (0.54%) Relational Database
13 6 (0.46%) Impala
13 6 (0.46%) Oracle OWB
14 5 (0.38%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 528 (40.49%) Selenium
2 263 (20.17%) Cucumber
3 214 (16.41%) JIRA
4 205 (15.72%) Jenkins
5 139 (10.66%) WebDriver
6 138 (10.58%) JMeter
7 125 (9.59%) Git (software)
8 98 (7.52%) SoapUI
9 92 (7.06%) SpecFlow
10 68 (5.21%) LoadRunner
11 67 (5.14%) Team Foundation Server
12 55 (4.22%) Maven
13 47 (3.60%) Visual Studio
14 41 (3.14%) TeamCity
15 37 (2.84%) Appium
16 36 (2.76%) Metasploit
17 33 (2.53%) Bitbucket
18 31 (2.38%) Visual Studio Team System
19 30 (2.30%) Burp Suite
20 24 (1.84%) Protractor
General
1 174 (13.34%) Finance
2 82 (6.29%) Banking
3 46 (3.53%) Retail
4 26 (1.99%) Telecoms
5 18 (1.38%) Marketing
6 17 (1.30%) Games
7 14 (1.07%) Law
7 14 (1.07%) Legal
8 13 (1.00%) Financial Institution
8 13 (1.00%) Manufacturing
9 10 (0.77%) Retail Banking
10 8 (0.61%) Advertising
10 8 (0.61%) Back Office
10 8 (0.61%) Electronics
11 5 (0.38%) Automotive
11 5 (0.38%) Front Office
12 4 (0.31%) Investment Banking
13 3 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
14 1 (0.077%) Billing
14 1 (0.077%) International Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 115 (8.82%) Gherkin
2 107 (8.21%) .NET
3 100 (7.67%) Web Services
4 80 (6.13%) RESTful
5 67 (5.14%) JSON
6 65 (4.98%) SOAP
7 57 (4.37%) REST
8 55 (4.22%) XML
9 39 (2.99%) HTML
10 34 (2.61%) Spring
11 32 (2.45%) CSS
12 31 (2.38%) AngularJS
13 20 (1.53%) Node.js
14 18 (1.38%) Middleware
15 14 (1.07%) J2EE
16 12 (0.92%) .NET Framework
16 12 (0.92%) RabbitMQ
17 11 (0.84%) GraphQL
17 11 (0.84%) React
18 10 (0.77%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 98 (7.52%) Analytical Skills
2 70 (5.37%) Mobile App
3 33 (2.53%) Self-Motivation
4 29 (2.22%) Greenfield Project
4 29 (2.22%) User Experience
5 20 (1.53%) Virtual Team
6 17 (1.30%) Video on Demand
7 14 (1.07%) Client/Server
8 13 (1.00%) Linux Command Line
9 10 (0.77%) NHS
10 9 (0.69%) Fibre Optics
10 9 (0.69%) Mainframe
11 8 (0.61%) Over-the-Top Content
11 8 (0.61%) STB
11 8 (0.61%) Wiki
12 7 (0.54%) Management Information System
12 7 (0.54%) Online Games
12 7 (0.54%) Private Cloud
13 6 (0.46%) Data Centre
13 6 (0.46%) Online Banking
Operating Systems
1 93 (7.13%) Linux
2 60 (4.60%) Unix
3 48 (3.68%) Windows
4 45 (3.45%) Apple iOS
5 41 (3.14%) Android
6 9 (0.69%) Kali Linux
7 8 (0.61%) Windows 10
8 5 (0.38%) Mac OS X
9 4 (0.31%) Embedded Linux
9 4 (0.31%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.15%) CentOS
10 2 (0.15%) VME
10 2 (0.15%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.077%) AIX
11 1 (0.077%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 1 (0.077%) Solaris
11 1 (0.077%) tvOS
11 1 (0.077%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.077%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 813 (62.35%) Test Automation
2 536 (41.10%) Agile Software Development
3 247 (18.94%) Test Scripting
4 222 (17.02%) Scrum
5 196 (15.03%) BDD
6 152 (11.66%) Continuous Integration
7 150 (11.50%) Test Strategy
8 144 (11.04%) Manual Testing
9 141 (10.81%) Performance Testing
10 137 (10.51%) TDD
11 121 (9.28%) Regression Testing
12 116 (8.90%) Penetration Testing
13 112 (8.59%) API Testing
14 104 (7.98%) DevOps
15 102 (7.82%) Software Testing
16 100 (7.67%) Functional Testing
17 97 (7.44%) User Acceptance Testing
18 85 (6.52%) Problem-Solving
19 77 (5.90%) Integration Testing
20 75 (5.75%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 410 (31.44%) Java
2 263 (20.17%) SQL
3 230 (17.64%) C#
4 157 (12.04%) JavaScript
5 134 (10.28%) Python
6 39 (2.99%) Shell Script
7 36 (2.76%) Ruby
8 30 (2.30%) Java 8
9 29 (2.22%) Groovy
9 29 (2.22%) PowerShell
10 26 (1.99%) PHP
10 26 (1.99%) PL/SQL
11 25 (1.92%) T-SQL
12 24 (1.84%) C++
13 20 (1.53%) Scala
14 13 (1.00%) C
14 13 (1.00%) Perl
15 11 (0.84%) Bash Shell
16 10 (0.77%) TypeScript
16 10 (0.77%) VB
Qualifications
1 141 (10.81%) Security Cleared
2 123 (9.43%) SC Cleared
3 84 (6.44%) ISTQB
4 58 (4.45%) ISEB
5 57 (4.37%) CREST Certified
6 37 (2.84%) OSCP
7 30 (2.30%) Degree
8 29 (2.22%) CHECK Team Leader
8 29 (2.22%) CHECK Team Member
9 27 (2.07%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 22 (1.69%) DV Cleared
11 21 (1.61%) GPEN
12 18 (1.38%) SANS
13 16 (1.23%) GWAPT
13 16 (1.23%) GXPN
13 16 (1.23%) OSCE
14 13 (1.00%) BPSS Clearance
15 12 (0.92%) Computer Science Degree
16 11 (0.84%) Tigerscheme
17 9 (0.69%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 306 (23.47%) QA
2 11 (0.84%) GDPR
3 10 (0.77%) Data Quality
3 10 (0.77%) SEPA
4 7 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.46%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 4 (0.31%) NIST
7 3 (0.23%) ITGC
7 3 (0.23%) PSD2
8 2 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
8 2 (0.15%) MiFID
8 2 (0.15%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.15%) SLA
8 2 (0.15%) WCAG
9 1 (0.077%) Actionable Recommendations
9 1 (0.077%) COBIT
9 1 (0.077%) GxP
9 1 (0.077%) PMO
9 1 (0.077%) Section 508
System Software
1 48 (3.68%) Docker
2 8 (0.61%) Firmware
3 3 (0.23%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.15%) XenApp
5 1 (0.077%) HDFS
5 1 (0.077%) Microsoft App-V
5 1 (0.077%) vCloud
5 1 (0.077%) Virtual Desktop
5 1 (0.077%) VirtualBox
5 1 (0.077%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.077%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 35 (2.68%) Nessus
2 34 (2.61%) HP Quality Center
3 33 (2.53%) Nmap
4 20 (1.53%) HP ALM
5 16 (1.23%) Red Hat Satellite
5 16 (1.23%) WSUS
6 13 (1.00%) Ansible
7 11 (0.84%) Kubernetes
8 9 (0.69%) Terraform
9 5 (0.38%) Grafana
10 4 (0.31%) Control-M
10 4 (0.31%) Nexpose
10 4 (0.31%) Puppet
11 3 (0.23%) CA Service Virtualization
11 3 (0.23%) Kibana
11 3 (0.23%) SCCM
12 2 (0.15%) logstash
12 2 (0.15%) Nagios
12 2 (0.15%) Opscode Chef
12 2 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 91 (6.98%) Microsoft
2 90 (6.90%) Oracle
3 76 (5.83%) HP
4 32 (2.45%) IBM
5 27 (2.07%) SAP
6 22 (1.69%) Atlassian
7 21 (1.61%) Salesforce.com
8 18 (1.38%) Red Hat
9 17 (1.30%) BMC
10 16 (1.23%) Tripwire
11 15 (1.15%) Cypress Semiconductor
12 14 (1.07%) Adobe
13 13 (1.00%) Cisco
14 11 (0.84%) MuleSoft
15 10 (0.77%) hybris
15 10 (0.77%) Netezza
15 10 (0.77%) OpenText
16 9 (0.69%) Google
17 7 (0.54%) CheckPoint
17 7 (0.54%) Kofax