Period
to 16 November 2019

The median contractor rate for a Tester was £400 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Tester
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 233 176 203
Rank change year-on-year -57 +27 -4
Contract jobs requiring a Tester 956 1,652 1,357
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.15% 1.59% 1.32%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.22% 1.68% 1.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 598 1,144 864
UK median daily rate £400 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +2.74%
10th Percentile £263 £275 £250
90th Percentile £538 £525 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £380 £350
% change year-on-year -1.32% +8.57% +6.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 13 19
UK median hourly rate £13.10 £20.50 £13.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -36.10% +57.69% -59.38%
10th Percentile £10.75 £10.60 £11.60
90th Percentile £35.00 £28.75 £44.85
UK excluding London median hourly rate £13.15 £20.50 £13.50
% change year-on-year -35.85% +51.85% -60.72%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 78,405 98,494 97,717
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.09% 94.76% 94.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 51,318 64,958 64,391
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £448
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +0.56% +5.29%
10th Percentile £256 £269 £261
90th Percentile £644 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +2.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,923 3,077 2,923
UK median hourly rate £19.71 £18.00 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.50% -3.74% +3.89%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.00 £10.96
90th Percentile £52.50 £48.75 £47.97
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £17.50 £18.00
% change year-on-year +2.86% -2.78% +2.86%

Tester
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Tester in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Tester.

Contractor daily rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -57 874 £400 - 242
UK excluding London -48 561 £375 -1.32% 203
London -53 364 £425 -4.49% 64
South East -9 180 £375 -5.66% 40
North of England -36 140 £375 - 77
Yorkshire +1 78 £369 +3.87% 37
Midlands -14 77 £394 -1.56% 36
South West -17 66 £380 +8.57% 17
West Midlands -10 55 £394 -1.56% 22
North West -35 46 £400 - 33
East of England -16 43 £373 -21.58% 9
Scotland -26 37 £315 -10.00% 17
East Midlands 0 21 £379 -5.31% 14
Wales +14 17 £263 -28.08% 5
North East +6 16 £355 -13.94% 7
Channel Islands - 1 - -

Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Tester in the job title.

1 622 (65.06%) Test Automation
2 399 (41.74%) Agile Software Development
3 348 (36.40%) Selenium
4 259 (27.09%) QA
5 252 (26.36%) Java
6 202 (21.13%) Cucumber
7 187 (19.56%) SQL
8 178 (18.62%) C#
9 177 (18.51%) JIRA
10 175 (18.31%) Test Scripting
11 153 (16.00%) BDD
12 142 (14.85%) Jenkins
13 136 (14.23%) Scrum
14 126 (13.18%) JavaScript
15 124 (12.97%) Security Cleared
16 123 (12.87%) Performance Testing
17 116 (12.13%) Manual Testing
18 111 (11.61%) Finance
19 105 (10.98%) JMeter
20 104 (10.88%) Python
21 102 (10.67%) SC Cleared
22 101 (10.56%) Regression Testing
23 97 (10.15%) Continuous Integration
24 95 (9.94%) Test Strategy
24 95 (9.94%) DevOps
25 87 (9.10%) TDD
26 84 (8.79%) Git (software)
27 83 (8.68%) Scenario Testing
28 82 (8.58%) User Acceptance Testing
29 78 (8.16%) Software Testing

Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (8.16%) Confluence
2 11 (1.15%) SharePoint
3 8 (0.84%) BizTalk Server
3 8 (0.84%) Elasticsearch
4 7 (0.73%) nginx
5 6 (0.63%) WebSphere
6 3 (0.31%) CMS
6 3 (0.31%) Drupal
7 2 (0.21%) Jetty
7 2 (0.21%) MQSeries
7 2 (0.21%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.10%) IIS
8 1 (0.10%) JBoss
8 1 (0.10%) NetWeaver
8 1 (0.10%) OpenEdge
8 1 (0.10%) OpenStack
8 1 (0.10%) Oracle Service Bus
8 1 (0.10%) SAS
8 1 (0.10%) SharePoint 2013
8 1 (0.10%) Umbraco
Applications
1 17 (1.78%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (1.46%) Microsoft Excel
3 12 (1.26%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.63%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.42%) Zeplin
6 3 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.10%) FileZilla
7 1 (0.10%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 11 (1.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.52%) Actimize
2 5 (0.52%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 3 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
3 3 (0.31%) SAP MM
4 2 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
4 2 (0.21%) Maximo
4 2 (0.21%) SAP EWM
5 1 (0.10%) Global One
5 1 (0.10%) Infor M3
5 1 (0.10%) Magento
5 1 (0.10%) MoSes
5 1 (0.10%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.10%) Oracle Assets
5 1 (0.10%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.10%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 1 (0.10%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.10%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 77 (8.05%) Azure
2 45 (4.71%) GitHub
3 37 (3.87%) AWS
4 16 (1.67%) BrowserStack
5 13 (1.36%) GCP
6 12 (1.26%) Serverless
7 10 (1.05%) Sauce Labs
8 9 (0.94%) BlazeMeter
8 9 (0.94%) Dynamics 365
9 5 (0.52%) Google Compute Engine
9 5 (0.52%) Office 365
9 5 (0.52%) SaaS
9 5 (0.52%) Salesforce Service Cloud
10 4 (0.42%) Power Platform
10 4 (0.42%) ZenHub
11 3 (0.31%) AWS Lambda
11 3 (0.31%) Trello
12 2 (0.21%) Lucidchart
12 2 (0.21%) npm
13 1 (0.10%) Amazon Alexa
Communications & Networking
1 19 (1.99%) Internet
2 17 (1.78%) Wireshark
3 14 (1.46%) HTTP
4 11 (1.15%) Firewall
4 11 (1.15%) Wireless
5 5 (0.52%) Remote Desktop
5 5 (0.52%) SSH
6 4 (0.42%) ATM
6 4 (0.42%) SAN
6 4 (0.42%) TCP/IP
6 4 (0.42%) Wi-Fi
7 3 (0.31%) DHCP
7 3 (0.31%) DVB
7 3 (0.31%) Ethernet
7 3 (0.31%) Fibre Channel
7 3 (0.31%) IPv4
7 3 (0.31%) IPv6
7 3 (0.31%) Skype
7 3 (0.31%) SNMP
7 3 (0.31%) UPnP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (4.92%) SQL Server
2 23 (2.41%) MongoDB
3 19 (1.99%) Data Warehouse
4 13 (1.36%) NoSQL
4 13 (1.36%) Relational Database
5 12 (1.26%) PostgreSQL
5 12 (1.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 11 (1.15%) Big Data
7 10 (1.05%) MySQL
8 9 (0.94%) Oracle Database
9 8 (0.84%) Data Mining
10 6 (0.63%) RDBMS
11 5 (0.52%) Cosmos DB
11 5 (0.52%) DB2
12 4 (0.42%) Blockchain
12 4 (0.42%) Oracle Reports
12 4 (0.42%) Pentaho
12 4 (0.42%) SQL Server 2012
12 4 (0.42%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 3 (0.31%) DbVisualizer
Development Applications
1 348 (36.40%) Selenium
2 202 (21.13%) Cucumber
3 177 (18.51%) JIRA
4 142 (14.85%) Jenkins
5 105 (10.98%) JMeter
6 84 (8.79%) Git (software)
7 77 (8.05%) WebDriver
8 75 (7.85%) SpecFlow
9 50 (5.23%) SoapUI
10 49 (5.13%) Team Foundation Server
11 36 (3.77%) LoadRunner
12 27 (2.82%) Visual Studio Team System
13 24 (2.51%) Appium
14 23 (2.41%) Maven
14 23 (2.41%) Protractor
15 21 (2.20%) Gatling
16 20 (2.09%) HP UFT
16 20 (2.09%) Visual Studio
17 18 (1.88%) TeamCity
18 17 (1.78%) JUnit
General
1 111 (11.61%) Finance
2 48 (5.02%) Public Sector
3 38 (3.97%) Banking
4 33 (3.45%) Telecoms
5 24 (2.51%) Retail
6 19 (1.99%) Manufacturing
7 12 (1.26%) Electronics
7 12 (1.26%) Games
7 12 (1.26%) Legal
8 10 (1.05%) German Language
9 9 (0.94%) Front Office
10 7 (0.73%) Italian Language
11 6 (0.63%) Investment Banking
12 5 (0.52%) Advertising
12 5 (0.52%) Law
12 5 (0.52%) Marketing
13 4 (0.42%) Financial Institution
13 4 (0.42%) Publishing
14 3 (0.31%) Back Office
15 2 (0.21%) Dutch Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 76 (7.95%) .NET
1 76 (7.95%) Gherkin
2 71 (7.43%) Web Services
3 66 (6.90%) RESTful
4 62 (6.49%) JSON
5 49 (5.13%) XML
6 46 (4.81%) HTML
7 37 (3.87%) SOAP
8 34 (3.56%) CSS
9 29 (3.03%) AngularJS
9 29 (3.03%) REST
10 26 (2.72%) Node.js
10 26 (2.72%) Spring
11 12 (1.26%) Kafka
12 11 (1.15%) Middleware
13 10 (1.05%) .NET Framework
14 9 (0.94%) GraphQL
14 9 (0.94%) React
15 8 (0.84%) Django
15 8 (0.84%) Express
Miscellaneous
1 74 (7.74%) Analytical Skills
2 36 (3.77%) Mobile App
3 27 (2.82%) User Experience
4 19 (1.99%) Greenfield Project
5 16 (1.67%) Virtual Team
6 15 (1.57%) Self-Motivation
7 14 (1.46%) Wiki
8 10 (1.05%) Enterprise Software
9 8 (0.84%) STB
10 7 (0.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 7 (0.73%) Mainframe
11 6 (0.63%) Fibre Optics
11 6 (0.63%) Online Banking
11 6 (0.63%) Private Cloud
12 5 (0.52%) Embedded Systems
12 5 (0.52%) Linux Command Line
12 5 (0.52%) N-Tier
12 5 (0.52%) SWIFT
13 4 (0.42%) Online Games
13 4 (0.42%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 77 (8.05%) Linux
2 65 (6.80%) Windows
3 50 (5.23%) Android
4 49 (5.13%) Apple iOS
5 26 (2.72%) Unix
6 6 (0.63%) Mac OS
7 5 (0.52%) Windows 10
8 4 (0.42%) Windows Server
9 3 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 2 (0.21%) Kali Linux
10 2 (0.21%) Solaris
10 2 (0.21%) VME
10 2 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.10%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.10%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.10%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 622 (65.06%) Test Automation
2 399 (41.74%) Agile Software Development
3 175 (18.31%) Test Scripting
4 153 (16.00%) BDD
5 136 (14.23%) Scrum
6 123 (12.87%) Performance Testing
7 116 (12.13%) Manual Testing
8 101 (10.56%) Regression Testing
9 97 (10.15%) Continuous Integration
10 95 (9.94%) DevOps
10 95 (9.94%) Test Strategy
11 87 (9.10%) TDD
12 83 (8.68%) Scenario Testing
13 82 (8.58%) User Acceptance Testing
14 78 (8.16%) Software Testing
15 76 (7.95%) API Testing
16 75 (7.85%) Penetration Testing
17 69 (7.22%) Defect Management
18 63 (6.59%) SDLC
19 62 (6.49%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 252 (26.36%) Java
2 187 (19.56%) SQL
3 178 (18.62%) C#
4 126 (13.18%) JavaScript
5 104 (10.88%) Python
6 38 (3.97%) Ruby
7 17 (1.78%) Bash Shell
7 17 (1.78%) PHP
8 16 (1.67%) Java 8
8 16 (1.67%) Shell Script
9 11 (1.15%) Groovy
9 11 (1.15%) Scala
9 11 (1.15%) T-SQL
10 10 (1.05%) C
10 10 (1.05%) C++
10 10 (1.05%) TypeScript
11 8 (0.84%) Perl
11 8 (0.84%) PL/SQL
11 8 (0.84%) PowerShell
12 7 (0.73%) VB
Qualifications
1 124 (12.97%) Security Cleared
2 102 (10.67%) SC Cleared
3 75 (7.85%) ISTQB
4 60 (6.28%) ISEB
5 28 (2.93%) Degree
6 25 (2.62%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 23 (2.41%) CREST Certified
8 19 (1.99%) OSCP
9 14 (1.46%) CHECK Team Member
10 12 (1.26%) CHECK Team Leader
11 11 (1.15%) GPEN
12 10 (1.05%) GWAPT
12 10 (1.05%) OSCE
12 10 (1.05%) SANS
13 9 (0.94%) Computer Science Degree
13 9 (0.94%) GXPN
13 9 (0.94%) Tigerscheme
14 6 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
15 5 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
15 5 (0.52%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 259 (27.09%) QA
2 7 (0.73%) SEPA
3 6 (0.63%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.52%) ISO 9001
5 3 (0.31%) WCAG
6 2 (0.21%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.21%) PMO
6 2 (0.21%) SLA
7 1 (0.10%) COBIT
7 1 (0.10%) GDPR
7 1 (0.10%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.10%) ISO 8583
7 1 (0.10%) MiFID
7 1 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 40 (4.18%) Docker
2 8 (0.84%) Firmware
3 3 (0.31%) vSphere
4 2 (0.21%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.10%) Time Sharing Option
5 1 (0.10%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 30 (3.14%) HP Quality Center
2 20 (2.09%) Ansible
3 17 (1.78%) HP ALM
4 15 (1.57%) Nessus
5 13 (1.36%) Nmap
6 10 (1.05%) Kubernetes
7 9 (0.94%) Terraform
8 8 (0.84%) Red Hat Satellite
8 8 (0.84%) WSUS
9 4 (0.42%) Grafana
9 4 (0.42%) WebInspect
10 2 (0.21%) HP Fortify
10 2 (0.21%) Kibana
10 2 (0.21%) logstash
10 2 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
11 1 (0.10%) Control-M
11 1 (0.10%) HAProxy
11 1 (0.10%) Netcool
11 1 (0.10%) OpenView Configuration Management
11 1 (0.10%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 68 (7.11%) Microsoft
2 53 (5.54%) HP
2 53 (5.54%) Oracle
3 27 (2.82%) SAP
4 16 (1.67%) Cypress Semiconductor
5 14 (1.46%) Google
5 14 (1.46%) Salesforce.com
6 12 (1.26%) Cisco
6 12 (1.26%) IBM
6 12 (1.26%) VMware
7 11 (1.15%) Atlassian
8 10 (1.05%) Red Hat
9 9 (0.94%) BMC
10 8 (0.84%) Juniper
10 8 (0.84%) Tripwire
11 7 (0.73%) MuleSoft
12 6 (0.63%) hybris
13 5 (0.52%) Acunetix
13 5 (0.52%) Perforce
14 4 (0.42%) OpenText