Period
to 25 September 2018

The median contractor rate for a Tester was £400 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Tester
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 197 208 200
Rank change year-on-year +11 -8 -17
Contract jobs requiring a Tester 1,481 1,269 1,395
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.44% 1.29% 1.32%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.52% 1.36% 1.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,045 761 883
UK median daily rate £400 £360 £363
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -0.69% +7.41%
10th Percentile £270 £250 £225
90th Percentile £518 £513 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £339 £330
% change year-on-year +10.70% +2.65% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 17 16
UK median hourly rate £11.50 £13.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.54% -40.91% -36.69%
10th Percentile £10.00 £10.00 £8.50
90th Percentile £87.00 £29.00 £42.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.50 £13.00 £31.19
% change year-on-year +57.69% -58.31% -10.26%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 97,419 93,242 100,530
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.75% 94.91% 94.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 64,006 60,974 65,639
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £269 £263 £255
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +3.75% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,159 2,792 3,173
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £18.94 £18.94
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.60% +0.03% +6.02%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.31
90th Percentile £48.35 £48.75 £46.36
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £18.50
% change year-on-year -2.78% -2.70% +5.71%

Tester
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Tester in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Tester.

Contractor daily rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 1,309 £400 +11.11% 397
UK excluding London +13 876 £375 +10.70% 314
London -3 583 £425 +6.25% 111
South East -9 234 £398 +19.10% 74
North of England -9 222 £375 +7.14% 84
Yorkshire -16 113 £375 +4.17% 36
Midlands +28 109 £375 +9.09% 61
Scotland +18 99 £350 -3.11% 23
North West +4 99 £400 +29.03% 46
East of England -12 86 £450 +33.33% 26
South West -16 74 £350 +2.94% 43
West Midlands +12 67 £375 +9.09% 29
East Midlands +19 42 £380 +8.57% 32
Wales +17 40 £370 +12.12% 4
Northern Ireland +50 13 £325 +23.81% 1
North East -20 10 £394 +36.96% 2

Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 25 September 2018, Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Tester in the job title.

1 993 (67.05%) Test Automation
2 728 (49.16%) Agile Software Development
3 628 (42.40%) Selenium
4 503 (33.96%) Java
5 371 (25.05%) QA
6 343 (23.16%) Cucumber
7 324 (21.88%) SQL
8 306 (20.66%) BDD
9 278 (18.77%) Test Scripting
10 277 (18.70%) JIRA
11 267 (18.03%) C#
12 250 (16.88%) Finance
13 246 (16.61%) WebDriver
14 242 (16.34%) Scrum
15 212 (14.31%) Jenkins
16 208 (14.04%) Performance Testing
17 203 (13.71%) TDD
18 196 (13.23%) Continuous Integration
19 194 (13.10%) Test Strategy
20 187 (12.63%) JavaScript
21 179 (12.09%) JMeter
22 171 (11.55%) Functional Testing
23 168 (11.34%) API Testing
24 161 (10.87%) SoapUI
25 152 (10.26%) Security Cleared
26 138 (9.32%) SpecFlow
26 138 (9.32%) Regression Testing
27 135 (9.12%) Manual Testing
28 134 (9.05%) Software Testing
29 132 (8.91%) Web Services

Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 106 (7.16%) Confluence
2 33 (2.23%) CMS
3 15 (1.01%) WebLogic
4 13 (0.88%) Elasticsearch
5 12 (0.81%) SharePoint
6 9 (0.61%) Drupal
7 7 (0.47%) Apache Solr
8 6 (0.41%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
8 6 (0.41%) Sitecore CMS
9 5 (0.34%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 5 (0.34%) Oracle Service Bus
9 5 (0.34%) Orchard CMS
10 4 (0.27%) Apache
10 4 (0.27%) Cloud Foundry
10 4 (0.27%) SAS
11 3 (0.20%) Apache Spark
11 3 (0.20%) CoreMedia CMS
11 3 (0.20%) JBoss
11 3 (0.20%) NServiceBus
11 3 (0.20%) Umbraco
Applications
1 28 (1.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (1.28%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.27%) Windchill
4 2 (0.14%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.14%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.068%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 13 (0.88%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.74%) SAP S/4HANA
3 7 (0.47%) BASE24
3 7 (0.47%) Oracle EBS R12
4 4 (0.27%) Oracle General Ledger
4 4 (0.27%) SAP FI
4 4 (0.27%) SAP GRC
4 4 (0.27%) SAP PLM
5 3 (0.20%) Markit EDM
5 3 (0.20%) Oracle ERP
5 3 (0.20%) SAP CO
5 3 (0.20%) SAP FI/CO
5 3 (0.20%) SAP HR
5 3 (0.20%) WebTrends
6 2 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.14%) Elite 3E
6 2 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.14%) SAP FI-CA
6 2 (0.14%) SAP PSCD
7 1 (0.068%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 80 (5.40%) Amazon AWS
2 72 (4.86%) Microsoft Azure
3 34 (2.30%) GitHub
4 33 (2.23%) BrowserStack
5 25 (1.69%) Sauce Labs
6 20 (1.35%) BlazeMeter
7 11 (0.74%) SaaS
8 10 (0.68%) AWS Lambda
9 8 (0.54%) Slack
10 7 (0.47%) Amazon SQS
10 7 (0.47%) Dynamics 365
10 7 (0.47%) Serverless
11 6 (0.41%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 6 (0.41%) Office 365
12 5 (0.34%) OpenShift
12 5 (0.34%) PaaS
13 4 (0.27%) Adobe Analytics
13 4 (0.27%) Google Cloud Platform
13 4 (0.27%) IaaS
13 4 (0.27%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 21 (1.42%) Internet
2 14 (0.95%) HTTP
3 6 (0.41%) ATM
3 6 (0.41%) DNS
3 6 (0.41%) Wireshark
4 4 (0.27%) 4G
4 4 (0.27%) MPLS
4 4 (0.27%) SAN
5 3 (0.20%) 2G
5 3 (0.20%) 3G
5 3 (0.20%) DHCP
5 3 (0.20%) Firewall
5 3 (0.20%) GGSN
5 3 (0.20%) SGSN
5 3 (0.20%) SS7
6 2 (0.14%) HTTPS
6 2 (0.14%) Kerberos
6 2 (0.14%) LTE
6 2 (0.14%) Network Security
6 2 (0.14%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 67 (4.52%) SQL Server
2 38 (2.57%) MySQL
3 31 (2.09%) MongoDB
4 29 (1.96%) Data Warehouse
5 23 (1.55%) Relational Database
6 20 (1.35%) Oracle Database
7 19 (1.28%) PostgreSQL
8 16 (1.08%) Big Data
9 15 (1.01%) Hadoop
10 11 (0.74%) Oracle Reports
11 8 (0.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 8 (0.54%) DB2
11 8 (0.54%) Oracle BI EE
11 8 (0.54%) Oracle Database 11g
11 8 (0.54%) RavenDB
11 8 (0.54%) SQL Server 2012
12 7 (0.47%) Amazon RDS
12 7 (0.47%) Apache Cassandra
12 7 (0.47%) NoSQL
12 7 (0.47%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 628 (42.40%) Selenium
2 343 (23.16%) Cucumber
3 277 (18.70%) JIRA
4 246 (16.61%) WebDriver
5 212 (14.31%) Jenkins
6 179 (12.09%) JMeter
7 161 (10.87%) SoapUI
8 138 (9.32%) SpecFlow
9 128 (8.64%) Git (software)
10 87 (5.87%) LoadRunner
11 63 (4.25%) JUnit
11 63 (4.25%) Team Foundation Server
12 62 (4.19%) Visual Studio
13 55 (3.71%) Maven
14 53 (3.58%) Gatling
14 53 (3.58%) Protractor
15 49 (3.31%) Visual Studio Team System
16 41 (2.77%) HP UFT
17 37 (2.50%) Appium
18 36 (2.43%) Zephyr
General
1 250 (16.88%) Finance
2 118 (7.97%) Banking
3 47 (3.17%) Retail
4 37 (2.50%) Telecoms
5 31 (2.09%) Marketing
6 29 (1.96%) Electronics
7 28 (1.89%) Manufacturing
8 13 (0.88%) Advertising
9 12 (0.81%) Games
10 10 (0.68%) Legal
11 8 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
11 8 (0.54%) Retail Banking
12 7 (0.47%) Law
13 5 (0.34%) Automotive
13 5 (0.34%) Back Office
13 5 (0.34%) Investment Banking
14 4 (0.27%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.27%) Publishing
15 3 (0.20%) Corporate Banking
15 3 (0.20%) Front Office
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 132 (8.91%) Web Services
2 122 (8.24%) .NET
3 118 (7.97%) RESTful
4 113 (7.63%) SOAP
5 93 (6.28%) Gherkin
6 85 (5.74%) REST
6 85 (5.74%) XML
7 49 (3.31%) JSON
8 43 (2.90%) HTML
9 38 (2.57%) Node.js
10 34 (2.30%) CSS
11 27 (1.82%) AngularJS
11 27 (1.82%) Kafka
12 19 (1.28%) ASP.NET
13 18 (1.22%) .NET Framework
14 16 (1.08%) React
15 15 (1.01%) Spring
16 14 (0.95%) J2EE
16 14 (0.95%) Oracle Fusion
17 13 (0.88%) WSDL
Miscellaneous
1 82 (5.54%) Analytical Skills
2 77 (5.20%) Mobile App
3 43 (2.90%) Computer Science
4 40 (2.70%) Greenfield Project
5 30 (2.03%) Self-Motivation
6 20 (1.35%) Fintech
7 12 (0.81%) User Experience
8 11 (0.74%) Linux Command Line
8 11 (0.74%) NHS
9 10 (0.68%) Data Centre
9 10 (0.68%) SWIFT
10 9 (0.61%) DataPower
10 9 (0.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 9 (0.61%) Video on Demand
10 9 (0.61%) Virtual Team
11 8 (0.54%) Enterprise Software
12 7 (0.47%) Fixed Income
13 6 (0.41%) Client/Server
13 6 (0.41%) Mainframe
13 6 (0.41%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 92 (6.21%) Windows
2 61 (4.12%) Linux
3 58 (3.92%) Unix
4 51 (3.44%) Android
5 49 (3.31%) Apple iOS
6 12 (0.81%) Windows Server
7 11 (0.74%) Ubuntu
8 7 (0.47%) Windows Server 2003
9 6 (0.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 5 (0.34%) AIX
10 5 (0.34%) Mac OS
10 5 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (0.27%) Mac OS X
11 4 (0.27%) Windows 7
12 2 (0.14%) Kali Linux
12 2 (0.14%) Solaris
12 2 (0.14%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
13 1 (0.068%) VME
13 1 (0.068%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 993 (67.05%) Test Automation
2 728 (49.16%) Agile Software Development
3 306 (20.66%) BDD
4 278 (18.77%) Test Scripting
5 242 (16.34%) Scrum
6 208 (14.04%) Performance Testing
7 203 (13.71%) TDD
8 196 (13.23%) Continuous Integration
9 194 (13.10%) Test Strategy
10 171 (11.55%) Functional Testing
11 168 (11.34%) API Testing
12 138 (9.32%) Regression Testing
13 135 (9.12%) Manual Testing
14 134 (9.05%) Software Testing
15 127 (8.58%) DevOps
16 117 (7.90%) Problem-Solving
17 111 (7.49%) User Acceptance Testing
18 109 (7.36%) Non-Functional Testing
19 102 (6.89%) Open Source
20 97 (6.55%) Scenario Testing
Programming Languages
1 503 (33.96%) Java
2 324 (21.88%) SQL
3 267 (18.03%) C#
4 187 (12.63%) JavaScript
5 115 (7.77%) Python
6 48 (3.24%) Ruby
7 47 (3.17%) Groovy
8 36 (2.43%) C
9 29 (1.96%) C++
10 28 (1.89%) PL/SQL
11 27 (1.82%) Scala
12 26 (1.76%) VB
13 24 (1.62%) VBScript
14 23 (1.55%) PHP
15 21 (1.42%) T-SQL
16 19 (1.28%) Shell Script
17 14 (0.95%) VBA
18 9 (0.61%) F#
18 9 (0.61%) Java 8
18 9 (0.61%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 152 (10.26%) Security Cleared
2 129 (8.71%) SC Cleared
3 124 (8.37%) ISTQB
4 103 (6.95%) ISEB
5 62 (4.19%) Degree
5 62 (4.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 29 (1.96%) Computer Science Degree
7 18 (1.22%) BPSS Clearance
8 12 (0.81%) CREST Certified
9 8 (0.54%) Master's Degree
9 8 (0.54%) OSCP
10 6 (0.41%) CEH
10 6 (0.41%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 5 (0.34%) DV Cleared
12 4 (0.27%) CISA
13 3 (0.20%) BC Cleared
13 3 (0.20%) CHECK Team Member
13 3 (0.20%) DBS Check
13 3 (0.20%) SANS
13 3 (0.20%) Tigerscheme
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 371 (25.05%) QA
2 13 (0.88%) WCAG
3 10 (0.68%) GDPR
4 9 (0.61%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 5 (0.34%) SEPA
5 5 (0.34%) WAI
6 4 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.27%) PMO
7 2 (0.14%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 2 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
7 2 (0.14%) GMP
7 2 (0.14%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 2 (0.14%) SNOMED CT
8 1 (0.068%) GAMP
8 1 (0.068%) GxP
8 1 (0.068%) HL7
8 1 (0.068%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.068%) Solvency II
System Software
1 87 (5.87%) Docker
2 6 (0.41%) Active Directory
2 6 (0.41%) Varnish
3 5 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
4 4 (0.27%) HDFS
4 4 (0.27%) Hyper-V
4 4 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.27%) vSphere
5 3 (0.20%) Virtual Desktop
6 2 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.068%) Microsoft App-V
7 1 (0.068%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 49 (3.31%) HP Quality Center
2 25 (1.69%) HP ALM
3 20 (1.35%) Kibana
4 15 (1.01%) Kubernetes
5 13 (0.88%) Grafana
5 13 (0.88%) Puppet
6 11 (0.74%) logstash
7 8 (0.54%) Ansible
7 8 (0.54%) WMI
8 7 (0.47%) Prometheus
8 7 (0.47%) Terraform
9 5 (0.34%) Nessus
10 4 (0.27%) McAfee ePO
10 4 (0.27%) Opscode Chef
11 3 (0.20%) CA Service Virtualization
11 3 (0.20%) Rancher
11 3 (0.20%) ZABBIX
12 2 (0.14%) Oozie
13 1 (0.068%) Graphite
13 1 (0.068%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 116 (7.83%) Oracle
2 92 (6.21%) Microsoft
3 59 (3.98%) SAP
4 58 (3.92%) HP
5 35 (2.36%) Atlassian
6 22 (1.49%) IBM
7 20 (1.35%) AppDynamics
8 17 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
8 17 (1.15%) SOASTA, Inc
8 17 (1.15%) webMethods
9 10 (0.68%) Google
10 9 (0.61%) Adobe
10 9 (0.61%) Software AG
10 9 (0.61%) VMware
11 8 (0.54%) Dynatrace
11 8 (0.54%) hybris
11 8 (0.54%) MuleSoft
12 7 (0.47%) BEA
12 7 (0.47%) Sitecore
13 6 (0.41%) Citrix