Period
to 20 November 2017

The median contractor rate for a Tester was £375 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Tester
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 196 191 160
Rank change year-on-year -5 -31 +23
Contract jobs requiring a Tester 1363 1435 1709
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.33% 1.38% 1.49%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.41% 1.46% 1.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 873 898 1160
UK median daily rate £375 £365 £338
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.74% +8.15% +3.85%
10th Percentile £250 £200 £222
90th Percentile £525 £525 £463
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £333 £325
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.31% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 20 14
UK median hourly rate £13.00 £33.19 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -60.83% +10.62% +5.26%
10th Percentile £11.60 £8.50 £21.50
90th Percentile £44.85 £44.10 £39.37
UK excluding London median hourly rate £13.50 £34.37 £30.00
% change year-on-year -60.72% +14.57% +5.26%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 96939 98568 108531
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.79% 94.76% 94.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 63924 64295 69051
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £260 £250 £250
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £393 £375
% change year-on-year +1.91% +4.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2896 3271 4142
UK median hourly rate £18.70 £18.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.89% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £10.96 £10.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £47.50 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50

Tester
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Tester in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Tester.

Contractor daily rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 1243 £375 +1.35% 147
UK excluding London -4 733 £350 +5.26% 114
London -24 616 £420 +5.00% 40
South East -31 208 £350 - 29
North of England +43 175 £350 +3.70% 41
Yorkshire +45 105 £363 -7.05% 17
East of England +11 96 £350 +7.69% 11
South West -6 80 £350 +7.69% 6
Scotland -9 68 £400 +33.42% 3
Midlands -6 67 £325 - 20
North West +3 54 £310 -8.15% 21
West Midlands -11 36 £350 +7.69% 8
East Midlands +13 30 £325 - 12
Northern Ireland -27 23 £320 -24.65%
North East +32 16 £275 -14.73% 3
Wales +5 13 £278 -26.00% 4
Isle of Man - 3 £225 -
Channel Islands - 2 - -

Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 20 November 2017, Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads featuring Tester in the job title.

1 804 (58.99%) Test Automation
2 670 (49.16%) Agile Software Development
3 462 (33.90%) Selenium
4 398 (29.20%) Java
5 387 (28.39%) QA
6 321 (23.55%) Cucumber
7 290 (21.28%) BDD
8 285 (20.91%) JIRA
9 279 (20.47%) SQL
10 274 (20.10%) Test Scripting
11 251 (18.42%) Finance
12 219 (16.07%) Jenkins
13 216 (15.85%) WebDriver
14 199 (14.60%) Scrum
15 196 (14.38%) Continuous Integration
16 179 (13.13%) TDD
17 166 (12.18%) Functional Testing
18 163 (11.96%) C#
19 160 (11.74%) Web Services
20 149 (10.93%) Performance Testing
21 148 (10.86%) Git (software)
22 147 (10.79%) JavaScript
23 142 (10.42%) Regression Testing
24 140 (10.27%) Banking
25 139 (10.20%) SOAP
26 138 (10.12%) Manual Testing
27 132 (9.68%) HP
28 129 (9.46%) Software Testing
29 128 (9.39%) User Acceptance Testing
30 125 (9.17%) SoapUI

Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 83 (6.09%) Confluence
2 26 (1.91%) WebSphere
3 15 (1.10%) SharePoint
4 10 (0.73%) CMS
5 7 (0.51%) nginx
6 6 (0.44%) IIS
7 5 (0.37%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 5 (0.37%) BizTalk Server
7 5 (0.37%) Umbraco
8 4 (0.29%) Sitecore CMS
9 3 (0.22%) JBoss
9 3 (0.22%) SAS
9 3 (0.22%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.15%) Apache Spark
10 2 (0.15%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.15%) Elasticsearch
10 2 (0.15%) SharePoint 2013
10 2 (0.15%) WebLogic
11 1 (0.073%) Oracle Service Bus
11 1 (0.073%) WebSphere Portal
Applications
1 44 (3.23%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (1.54%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 6 (0.44%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.15%) Simulink
5 1 (0.073%) HipChat
5 1 (0.073%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 13 (0.95%) Magento
2 6 (0.44%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.44%) Unit4 Business World
3 4 (0.29%) Lawson
3 4 (0.29%) Minerva
3 4 (0.29%) Sentinel
4 3 (0.22%) Misys Midas
4 3 (0.22%) Temenos T24
5 2 (0.15%) Cognos TM1
5 2 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.15%) iTrent
5 2 (0.15%) Maximo
5 2 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.15%) Oracle Financials
5 2 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.15%) SAP CRM
5 2 (0.15%) Teamcenter
6 1 (0.073%) OPENHousing
6 1 (0.073%) Oracle FAH
6 1 (0.073%) PeopleSoft HCM
Cloud Services
1 66 (4.84%) Amazon AWS
2 36 (2.64%) Microsoft Azure
3 18 (1.32%) Sauce Labs
4 13 (0.95%) GitHub
5 10 (0.73%) BrowserStack
6 8 (0.59%) SaaS
7 5 (0.37%) Salesforce Service Cloud
8 4 (0.29%) Cloud Computing
8 4 (0.29%) Google Cloud Platform
8 4 (0.29%) IaaS
9 3 (0.22%) BlazeMeter
9 3 (0.22%) npm
9 3 (0.22%) PaaS
10 2 (0.15%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 2 (0.15%) Heroku
10 2 (0.15%) Serverless
10 2 (0.15%) vREST
11 1 (0.073%) AWS CloudTrail
11 1 (0.073%) FinancialForce
11 1 (0.073%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 28 (2.05%) Internet
2 22 (1.61%) HTTP
3 18 (1.32%) Bluetooth
4 16 (1.17%) Wireless
5 11 (0.81%) TCP/IP
6 8 (0.59%) Firewall
7 7 (0.51%) Broadband
7 7 (0.51%) Wireshark
8 6 (0.44%) NAS
9 5 (0.37%) ADSL
9 5 (0.37%) DNS
9 5 (0.37%) FTP
9 5 (0.37%) IPv4
9 5 (0.37%) IPv6
9 5 (0.37%) PuTTY
9 5 (0.37%) SMS
9 5 (0.37%) UPnP
9 5 (0.37%) VDSL
9 5 (0.37%) WAN
9 5 (0.37%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (4.11%) SQL Server
2 38 (2.79%) MongoDB
3 36 (2.64%) Redis
4 31 (2.27%) Relational Database
5 30 (2.20%) Big Data
6 29 (2.13%) Data Warehouse
7 25 (1.83%) DB2
8 22 (1.61%) NoSQL
9 16 (1.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 15 (1.10%) MySQL
11 14 (1.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 13 (0.95%) DbVisualizer
12 13 (0.95%) Hadoop
12 13 (0.95%) Oracle Database
13 10 (0.73%) SQL Server 2012
14 8 (0.59%) Oracle Reports
14 8 (0.59%) PostgreSQL
15 6 (0.44%) Oracle Database 11g
15 6 (0.44%) PowerCenter
16 5 (0.37%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 462 (33.90%) Selenium
2 321 (23.55%) Cucumber
3 285 (20.91%) JIRA
4 219 (16.07%) Jenkins
5 216 (15.85%) WebDriver
6 148 (10.86%) Git (software)
7 125 (9.17%) SoapUI
8 115 (8.44%) JMeter
9 86 (6.31%) LoadRunner
10 69 (5.06%) SpecFlow
11 59 (4.33%) Team Foundation Server
12 51 (3.74%) JUnit
13 48 (3.52%) Appium
14 39 (2.86%) Visual Studio
15 38 (2.79%) Protractor
16 33 (2.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 31 (2.27%) HP UFT
18 28 (2.05%) Calabash
18 28 (2.05%) TeamCity
19 24 (1.76%) Maven
General
1 251 (18.42%) Finance
2 140 (10.27%) Banking
3 62 (4.55%) Retail
4 56 (4.11%) Games
4 56 (4.11%) Telecoms
5 40 (2.93%) Marketing
6 27 (1.98%) Electronics
6 27 (1.98%) Manufacturing
7 26 (1.91%) Investment Banking
8 20 (1.47%) Retail Banking
9 19 (1.39%) Legal
10 15 (1.10%) Front Office
11 14 (1.03%) Advertising
11 14 (1.03%) Corporate Banking
12 9 (0.66%) Publishing
13 8 (0.59%) Back Office
14 7 (0.51%) Financial Institution
15 6 (0.44%) General Ledger
16 5 (0.37%) Law
17 4 (0.29%) Military
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 160 (11.74%) Web Services
2 139 (10.20%) SOAP
3 111 (8.14%) Gherkin
4 98 (7.19%) REST
5 97 (7.12%) .NET
6 86 (6.31%) RESTful
7 63 (4.62%) JSON
8 57 (4.18%) XML
9 44 (3.23%) HTML
10 30 (2.20%) J2EE
10 30 (2.20%) Node.js
11 29 (2.13%) AngularJS
12 22 (1.61%) RESTEasy
13 20 (1.47%) ActiveMQ
13 20 (1.47%) Middleware
13 20 (1.47%) Spring
14 15 (1.10%) CSS
15 10 (0.73%) FIX Protocol
16 8 (0.59%) Swagger
17 7 (0.51%) React
Miscellaneous
1 84 (6.16%) Analytical Skills
2 73 (5.36%) Mobile App
3 40 (2.93%) Greenfield Project
4 35 (2.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 30 (2.20%) Computer Science
6 23 (1.69%) User Experience
7 20 (1.47%) STB
8 13 (0.95%) Fintech
8 13 (0.95%) Management Information System
8 13 (0.95%) Online Games
9 12 (0.88%) Embedded Systems
9 12 (0.88%) Enterprise Software
10 10 (0.73%) Derivative
10 10 (0.73%) Video on Demand
11 9 (0.66%) Equities
11 9 (0.66%) Mainframe
11 9 (0.66%) Smartphone
12 7 (0.51%) Data Centre
12 7 (0.51%) Linux Command Line
12 7 (0.51%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 80 (5.87%) Unix
2 71 (5.21%) Linux
3 68 (4.99%) Windows
4 48 (3.52%) Android
5 47 (3.45%) Apple iOS
6 35 (2.57%) Mac OS X
7 11 (0.81%) Windows Server 2012
8 10 (0.73%) Windows Server
9 8 (0.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 5 (0.37%) Windows 10
11 3 (0.22%) AIX
12 2 (0.15%) Solaris
12 2 (0.15%) VMS
12 2 (0.15%) Windows 7
12 2 (0.15%) Windows Mobile
12 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.073%) Windows 8
13 1 (0.073%) Windows Phone
13 1 (0.073%) Windows Server 2003
13 1 (0.073%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 804 (58.99%) Test Automation
2 670 (49.16%) Agile Software Development
3 290 (21.28%) BDD
4 274 (20.10%) Test Scripting
5 199 (14.60%) Scrum
6 196 (14.38%) Continuous Integration
7 179 (13.13%) TDD
8 166 (12.18%) Functional Testing
9 149 (10.93%) Performance Testing
10 142 (10.42%) Regression Testing
11 138 (10.12%) Manual Testing
12 129 (9.46%) Software Testing
13 128 (9.39%) User Acceptance Testing
14 124 (9.10%) Test Strategy
15 122 (8.95%) API Testing
16 106 (7.78%) Integration Testing
17 104 (7.63%) SDLC
18 98 (7.19%) Non-Functional Testing
19 95 (6.97%) E-Commerce
20 93 (6.82%) Scenario Testing
Programming Languages
1 398 (29.20%) Java
2 279 (20.47%) SQL
3 163 (11.96%) C#
4 147 (10.79%) JavaScript
5 121 (8.88%) Python
6 81 (5.94%) Ruby
7 45 (3.30%) Scala
8 41 (3.01%) Groovy
9 28 (2.05%) Bash Shell
10 27 (1.98%) PHP
11 26 (1.91%) C
12 22 (1.61%) Apple Swift
13 21 (1.54%) Shell Script
14 20 (1.47%) Perl
15 17 (1.25%) C++
16 12 (0.88%) R
16 12 (0.88%) VB.NET
17 10 (0.73%) Embedded C
17 10 (0.73%) PowerShell
18 8 (0.59%) VBA
Qualifications
1 101 (7.41%) Security Cleared
2 81 (5.94%) ISEB
3 76 (5.58%) Degree
4 73 (5.36%) SC Cleared
5 63 (4.62%) ISTQB
6 28 (2.05%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 24 (1.76%) CREST Certified
8 17 (1.25%) Computer Science Degree
9 13 (0.95%) CHECK Team Member
10 11 (0.81%) DV Cleared
11 10 (0.73%) BPSS Clearance
12 7 (0.51%) CISSP
13 6 (0.44%) ISEB Practitioner
13 6 (0.44%) Master's Degree
14 5 (0.37%) CEH
14 5 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
14 5 (0.37%) SANS
15 3 (0.22%) MCSE
16 2 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
16 2 (0.15%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 387 (28.39%) QA
2 22 (1.61%) MiFID
3 15 (1.10%) WCAG
4 6 (0.44%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.44%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.29%) WAI
6 3 (0.22%) GAMP
6 3 (0.22%) SEPA
6 3 (0.22%) SLA
7 2 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
7 2 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.15%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.073%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 1 (0.073%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.073%) EMIR
8 1 (0.073%) GDPR
8 1 (0.073%) GxP
8 1 (0.073%) ISO 8583
8 1 (0.073%) PSD2
System Software
1 42 (3.08%) Docker
2 10 (0.73%) Firmware
3 5 (0.37%) vSphere
4 4 (0.29%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.29%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.15%) VirtualBox
5 2 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.073%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.073%) HDFS
6 1 (0.073%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.073%) Microsoft App-V
6 1 (0.073%) Time Sharing Option
6 1 (0.073%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 75 (5.50%) HP Quality Center
2 25 (1.83%) HP SiteScope
3 24 (1.76%) OpenView
4 22 (1.61%) Puppet
5 12 (0.88%) Ansible
6 10 (0.73%) Kibana
7 9 (0.66%) Grafana
8 7 (0.51%) StatsD
9 5 (0.37%) Nessus
10 4 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
11 3 (0.22%) Nmap
11 3 (0.22%) Perfmon
11 3 (0.22%) vRealize
12 2 (0.15%) HP Fortify
12 2 (0.15%) SCCM
12 2 (0.15%) Terraform
13 1 (0.073%) Ambari
13 1 (0.073%) Hadoop YARN
13 1 (0.073%) logstash
13 1 (0.073%) Rancher
Vendors
1 132 (9.68%) HP
2 91 (6.68%) Microsoft
3 58 (4.26%) Oracle
4 34 (2.49%) SAP
5 29 (2.13%) Atlassian
6 25 (1.83%) Salesforce.com
7 24 (1.76%) IBM
8 19 (1.39%) hybris
9 11 (0.81%) Splunk
10 10 (0.73%) Informatica
10 10 (0.73%) VMware
11 9 (0.66%) Fidessa
11 9 (0.66%) Perforce
11 9 (0.66%) Sitecore
12 8 (0.59%) AppDynamics
12 8 (0.59%) Workday
13 7 (0.51%) Charles River
13 7 (0.51%) Google
13 7 (0.51%) Red Hat
13 7 (0.51%) Xamarin