Period
to 22 February 2018

The median contractor rate for a Tester was £380 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 22 February 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Tester
UK
6 months to
22 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 206 177 186
Rank change year-on-year -29 +9 +9
Contract jobs requiring a Tester 1,304 1,440 1,488
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.28% 1.50% 1.39%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.35% 1.58% 1.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 868 896 1,071
UK median daily rate £380 £350 £338
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.57% +3.70% +3.85%
10th Percentile £255 £204 £225
90th Percentile £525 £500 £475
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year +7.69% - +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 18 13
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £24.57 £39.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -28.76% -37.60% +38.14%
10th Percentile £12.00 £8.50 £27.70
90th Percentile £99.55 £53.30 £149.05
UK excluding London median hourly rate £14.00 £28.00 £39.37
% change year-on-year -50.00% -28.88% +38.14%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 96,293 90,999 101,882
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.79% 94.77% 95.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 63,953 59,312 65,238
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £263 £253 £250
90th Percentile £625 £606 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £383
% change year-on-year - +4.58% +2.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,840 3,245 3,701
UK median hourly rate £18.70 £18.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.89% -5.26% +15.15%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.63 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.54 £47.50 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £18.50
% change year-on-year - -5.41% +12.12%

Tester
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Tester in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Tester.

Contractor daily rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 22 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Tester in the UK

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester over the 6 months to 22 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Tester in the UK

Tester
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester within the UK over the 6 months to 22 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -32 1,167 £388 +10.71% 343
UK excluding London -45 681 £350 +7.69% 271
London -14 607 £425 +6.25% 92
South East -40 189 £380 +8.57% 54
North of England -9 149 £325 - 84
Yorkshire +3 87 £338 +3.85% 37
East of England +2 84 £375 +15.38% 33
Midlands -10 82 £325 - 47
Scotland -12 73 £383 +20.00% 15
South West -59 53 £350 +7.69% 33
West Midlands -18 47 £360 +10.77% 25
North West -28 42 £316 -1.94% 43
Northern Ireland +19 35 £320 +16.36%
East Midlands -3 31 £320 -12.33% 22
North East +18 20 £300 -4.00% 4
Wales -15 14 £300 +53.85% 5
Isle of Man - 3 £225 -

Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 22 February 2018, Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Tester in the job title.

1 797 (61.12%) Test Automation
2 643 (49.31%) Agile Software Development
3 458 (35.12%) Selenium
4 391 (29.98%) Java
5 378 (28.99%) QA
6 317 (24.31%) Cucumber
7 283 (21.70%) BDD
8 279 (21.40%) SQL
9 271 (20.78%) JIRA
10 260 (19.94%) Test Scripting
11 234 (17.94%) Finance
12 196 (15.03%) Scrum
13 186 (14.26%) WebDriver
14 183 (14.03%) Jenkins
15 180 (13.80%) TDD
16 171 (13.11%) Continuous Integration
17 155 (11.89%) C#
18 153 (11.73%) Functional Testing
19 143 (10.97%) User Acceptance Testing
20 140 (10.74%) JavaScript
21 135 (10.35%) Web Services
22 132 (10.12%) Regression Testing
22 132 (10.12%) Performance Testing
23 128 (9.82%) Manual Testing
23 128 (9.82%) Gherkin
24 126 (9.66%) Git (software)
24 126 (9.66%) Security Cleared
25 123 (9.43%) API Testing
26 115 (8.82%) Scenario Testing
27 114 (8.74%) REST

Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 93 (7.13%) Confluence
2 28 (2.15%) WebSphere
3 25 (1.92%) SharePoint
4 16 (1.23%) CMS
5 12 (0.92%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 8 (0.61%) IIS
7 6 (0.46%) Tomcat
8 5 (0.38%) BizTalk Server
8 5 (0.38%) Elasticsearch
8 5 (0.38%) nginx
8 5 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 5 (0.38%) SharePoint 2010
8 5 (0.38%) Sitecore CMS
9 4 (0.31%) Apache Spark
9 4 (0.31%) Umbraco
9 4 (0.31%) WebLogic
10 3 (0.23%) Cloud Foundry
10 3 (0.23%) JBoss
10 3 (0.23%) SharePoint 2013
10 3 (0.23%) WordPress
Applications
1 36 (2.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (1.61%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.23%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.077%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.077%) HipChat
5 1 (0.077%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 14 (1.07%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.77%) Magento
3 6 (0.46%) Unit4 Business World
4 5 (0.38%) Minerva
4 5 (0.38%) Sentinel
5 4 (0.31%) Lawson
6 3 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.15%) Cognos TM1
7 2 (0.15%) iTrent
7 2 (0.15%) Misys Midas
7 2 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
7 2 (0.15%) SystmOne
7 2 (0.15%) Teamcenter
8 1 (0.077%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.077%) Oracle General Ledger
8 1 (0.077%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.077%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.077%) SAP SD
8 1 (0.077%) Summit
8 1 (0.077%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 52 (3.99%) Amazon AWS
2 43 (3.30%) Microsoft Azure
3 15 (1.15%) GitHub
4 14 (1.07%) Sauce Labs
5 11 (0.84%) BrowserStack
6 8 (0.61%) IaaS
7 7 (0.54%) SaaS
8 5 (0.38%) Salesforce Service Cloud
9 4 (0.31%) BlazeMeter
9 4 (0.31%) Google Analytics
9 4 (0.31%) Slack
10 3 (0.23%) Amazon S3
10 3 (0.23%) Google Cloud Platform
10 3 (0.23%) Heroku
10 3 (0.23%) Office 365
10 3 (0.23%) PaaS
11 2 (0.15%) OpenShift
11 2 (0.15%) Serverless
11 2 (0.15%) SuccessFactors
11 2 (0.15%) vREST
Communications & Networking
1 25 (1.92%) HTTP
2 13 (1.00%) Bluetooth
2 13 (1.00%) Internet
2 13 (1.00%) TCP/IP
3 12 (0.92%) DSL
4 8 (0.61%) Wireless
5 7 (0.54%) 3G
5 7 (0.54%) SMS
6 6 (0.46%) DNS
6 6 (0.46%) Firewall
6 6 (0.46%) FTP
7 4 (0.31%) DHCP
8 3 (0.23%) Network Security
8 3 (0.23%) Wi-Fi
9 2 (0.15%) DVB
9 2 (0.15%) ICMP
9 2 (0.15%) LTE
9 2 (0.15%) PuTTY
9 2 (0.15%) VoIP
9 2 (0.15%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (3.68%) Relational Database
2 40 (3.07%) SQL Server
3 37 (2.84%) MongoDB
4 33 (2.53%) Big Data
5 32 (2.45%) Redis
6 29 (2.22%) NoSQL
7 25 (1.92%) Data Warehouse
8 23 (1.76%) MySQL
9 14 (1.07%) DB2
9 14 (1.07%) PostgreSQL
10 13 (1.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 12 (0.92%) Hadoop
12 11 (0.84%) DbVisualizer
12 11 (0.84%) Oracle Database
13 9 (0.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 6 (0.46%) SQL Server 2012
15 5 (0.38%) BusinessObjects
15 5 (0.38%) Crystal Reports
15 5 (0.38%) Oracle Reports
15 5 (0.38%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 458 (35.12%) Selenium
2 317 (24.31%) Cucumber
3 271 (20.78%) JIRA
4 186 (14.26%) WebDriver
5 183 (14.03%) Jenkins
6 126 (9.66%) Git (software)
7 113 (8.67%) SoapUI
8 105 (8.05%) JMeter
9 70 (5.37%) SpecFlow
10 61 (4.68%) Appium
11 56 (4.29%) Team Foundation Server
12 54 (4.14%) LoadRunner
13 44 (3.37%) Visual Studio
14 38 (2.91%) JUnit
15 34 (2.61%) HP UFT
16 32 (2.45%) NUnit
17 30 (2.30%) Protractor
17 30 (2.30%) Zephyr
18 29 (2.22%) Eclipse
18 29 (2.22%) Maven
General
1 234 (17.94%) Finance
2 103 (7.90%) Banking
3 57 (4.37%) Retail
4 50 (3.83%) Telecoms
5 47 (3.60%) Games
6 29 (2.22%) Marketing
7 28 (2.15%) Manufacturing
8 27 (2.07%) Electronics
8 27 (2.07%) Law
9 14 (1.07%) Front Office
9 14 (1.07%) Investment Banking
10 13 (1.00%) Advertising
10 13 (1.00%) Legal
11 9 (0.69%) Retail Banking
12 8 (0.61%) Corporate Banking
13 6 (0.46%) General Ledger
14 5 (0.38%) Back Office
15 4 (0.31%) Financial Institution
16 3 (0.23%) Automotive
16 3 (0.23%) Publishing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 135 (10.35%) Web Services
2 128 (9.82%) Gherkin
3 114 (8.74%) REST
4 103 (7.90%) .NET
4 103 (7.90%) SOAP
5 100 (7.67%) RESTful
6 55 (4.22%) JSON
7 50 (3.83%) XML
8 35 (2.68%) HTML
9 22 (1.69%) ActiveMQ
10 21 (1.61%) AngularJS
10 21 (1.61%) Node.js
11 20 (1.53%) RESTEasy
12 19 (1.46%) Spring
13 18 (1.38%) J2EE
14 13 (1.00%) Apache Flex
14 13 (1.00%) ASP.NET Web API
15 12 (0.92%) Middleware
16 11 (0.84%) Swagger
17 10 (0.77%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 84 (6.44%) Analytical Skills
2 60 (4.60%) Mobile App
3 38 (2.91%) Greenfield Project
4 32 (2.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 32 (2.45%) User Experience
5 28 (2.15%) Computer Science
6 18 (1.38%) Data Centre
6 18 (1.38%) Fintech
6 18 (1.38%) Online Games
7 16 (1.23%) Mainframe
7 16 (1.23%) Video on Demand
8 14 (1.07%) Linux Command Line
9 13 (1.00%) Embedded Systems
10 11 (0.84%) Enterprise Software
11 8 (0.61%) STB
12 7 (0.54%) Client/Server
12 7 (0.54%) Derivative
12 7 (0.54%) Handset
12 7 (0.54%) Management Information System
12 7 (0.54%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 94 (7.21%) Unix
2 64 (4.91%) Linux
3 59 (4.52%) Windows
4 58 (4.45%) Apple iOS
5 52 (3.99%) Android
6 35 (2.68%) Mac OS X
7 7 (0.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
9 5 (0.38%) Windows 7
10 4 (0.31%) Windows 10
11 3 (0.23%) Windows Server
12 2 (0.15%) AIX
12 2 (0.15%) CentOS
12 2 (0.15%) Debian
12 2 (0.15%) Ubuntu
12 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.077%) HPUX
13 1 (0.077%) Solaris
13 1 (0.077%) SUSE
13 1 (0.077%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 797 (61.12%) Test Automation
2 643 (49.31%) Agile Software Development
3 283 (21.70%) BDD
4 260 (19.94%) Test Scripting
5 196 (15.03%) Scrum
6 180 (13.80%) TDD
7 171 (13.11%) Continuous Integration
8 153 (11.73%) Functional Testing
9 143 (10.97%) User Acceptance Testing
10 132 (10.12%) Performance Testing
10 132 (10.12%) Regression Testing
11 128 (9.82%) Manual Testing
12 123 (9.43%) API Testing
13 115 (8.82%) Scenario Testing
14 109 (8.36%) Software Testing
15 98 (7.52%) SDLC
16 96 (7.36%) Integration Testing
17 95 (7.29%) Kanban
18 90 (6.90%) E-Commerce
18 90 (6.90%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 391 (29.98%) Java
2 279 (21.40%) SQL
3 155 (11.89%) C#
4 140 (10.74%) JavaScript
5 94 (7.21%) Ruby
6 91 (6.98%) Python
7 49 (3.76%) Scala
8 37 (2.84%) Groovy
9 24 (1.84%) C
10 20 (1.53%) Shell Script
11 19 (1.46%) Apple Swift
12 16 (1.23%) C++
12 16 (1.23%) R
13 13 (1.00%) Bash Shell
14 10 (0.77%) VBScript
15 9 (0.69%) Perl
16 8 (0.61%) Embedded C
16 8 (0.61%) PHP
16 8 (0.61%) PL/SQL
16 8 (0.61%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 126 (9.66%) Security Cleared
2 84 (6.44%) SC Cleared
3 73 (5.60%) ISTQB
4 69 (5.29%) Degree
4 69 (5.29%) ISEB
5 30 (2.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 18 (1.38%) Computer Science Degree
6 18 (1.38%) CREST Certified
7 14 (1.07%) DV Cleared
8 13 (1.00%) BPSS Clearance
9 9 (0.69%) ISEB Practitioner
10 8 (0.61%) CHECK Team Member
11 7 (0.54%) CISSP
12 5 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
13 4 (0.31%) CEH
13 4 (0.31%) CHECK Team Leader
13 4 (0.31%) Master's Degree
14 3 (0.23%) GPEN
14 3 (0.23%) OSCP
14 3 (0.23%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 378 (28.99%) QA
2 18 (1.38%) MiFID
3 12 (0.92%) WCAG
4 8 (0.61%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.31%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.23%) GAMP
7 2 (0.15%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.15%) ISO 8583
7 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.15%) SEPA
7 2 (0.15%) WAI
8 1 (0.077%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.077%) GDPR
8 1 (0.077%) GxP
8 1 (0.077%) HL7
8 1 (0.077%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.077%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.077%) JSP 440
8 1 (0.077%) PMO
System Software
1 37 (2.84%) Docker
2 12 (0.92%) Virtual Machines
3 6 (0.46%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.46%) Firmware
4 3 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.15%) HDFS
5 2 (0.15%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
5 2 (0.15%) vSphere
6 1 (0.077%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.077%) KVM
6 1 (0.077%) Microsoft App-V
6 1 (0.077%) QEMU
6 1 (0.077%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.077%) VMware NSX
6 1 (0.077%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 59 (4.52%) HP Quality Center
2 26 (1.99%) Puppet
3 16 (1.23%) Grafana
4 13 (1.00%) Kibana
5 12 (0.92%) StatsD
6 11 (0.84%) HP SiteScope
6 11 (0.84%) OpenView
7 10 (0.77%) Ansible
8 8 (0.61%) Nessus
9 2 (0.15%) Hadoop YARN
9 2 (0.15%) logstash
9 2 (0.15%) MaaS360
9 2 (0.15%) Oozie
10 1 (0.077%) Ambari
10 1 (0.077%) Business Desktop Deployment
10 1 (0.077%) CA Service Virtualization
10 1 (0.077%) HockeyApp
10 1 (0.077%) HP Fortify
10 1 (0.077%) Nmap
10 1 (0.077%) WSUS
Vendors
1 87 (6.67%) HP
2 75 (5.75%) Microsoft
3 63 (4.83%) Oracle
4 40 (3.07%) SAP
5 29 (2.22%) Atlassian
6 28 (2.15%) Salesforce.com
7 19 (1.46%) IBM
8 16 (1.23%) Informatica
9 14 (1.07%) Splunk
10 13 (1.00%) Capita
11 12 (0.92%) Adobe
12 10 (0.77%) Google
13 9 (0.69%) Fidessa
13 9 (0.69%) Sitecore
14 8 (0.61%) hybris
14 8 (0.61%) Workday
15 7 (0.54%) AppDynamics
15 7 (0.54%) Perforce
15 7 (0.54%) Qualys
15 7 (0.54%) VMware