Period
to 21 September 2019

The table below provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge and experience of Twitter products and/or services. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Twitter over the 6 months to 21 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

The figures below represent the IT contractor job market in general and are not representative of contractor rates within Twitter, Inc.

Twitter
UK
6 months to
21 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 679 731 757
Rank change year-on-year +52 +26 -10
Contract jobs citing Twitter 140 167 118
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.16% 0.16% 0.12%
As % of the Vendors category 0.37% 0.39% 0.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 119 105 71
UK median daily rate £413 £325 £338
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +26.92% -3.70% -12.90%
10th Percentile £224 £108 £195
90th Percentile £588 £495 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £351 £334 £339
% change year-on-year +5.24% -1.48% -0.37%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 2
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £94.00 £94.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -81.38% -0.79% +82.21%
10th Percentile £16.25 £35.10 £28.63
90th Percentile £18.75 £157.70 £170.28
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 - £14.50

Twitter is in the Vendor Products and Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services.

All Vendors
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services 37,794 43,185 42,868
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.97% 42.03% 43.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,662 26,747 26,381
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £427
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.39% +3.52%
10th Percentile £250 £250 £250
90th Percentile £638 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,426 1,672 1,402
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £52.40 £46.75 £47.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.70 £16.50 £16.81
% change year-on-year +13.33% -1.81% -3.97%

Twitter
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Twitter as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Twitter in the UK

Twitter
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Twitter.

Contractor daily rate trend for Twitter in the UK

Twitter
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Twitter over the 6 months to 21 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Twitter in the UK

Twitter
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Twitter.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Twitter in the UK

Twitter
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Twitter within the UK over the 6 months to 21 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +68 124 £425 +31.58% 400
London +41 67 £460 +72.32% 75
UK excluding London +36 64 £351 +5.24% 364
North of England +47 20 £400 +3.23% 128
Midlands +35 20 £330 - 61
North West +30 14 £425 +9.68% 92
South East +6 12 £388 +93.75% 70
East Midlands +20 11 £325 -3.70% 30
West Midlands +30 9 £388 +19.23% 29
Scotland +19 6 £313 -26.47% 33
Yorkshire +28 3 £200 - 34
North East +25 3 £350 -9.44% 2
Wales +25 3 £400 -3.03% 3
East of England +24 2 £425 +78.95% 42
South West -9 1 £310 -11.43% 24

For the 6 months to 21 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Twitter also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Twitter.

1 42 (30.00%) Google
2 37 (26.43%) Facebook
3 33 (23.57%) JavaScript
4 26 (18.57%) Windows
5 24 (17.14%) SQL
6 23 (16.43%) Linux
7 21 (15.00%) Hudson
7 21 (15.00%) Azure
8 20 (14.29%) Security Cleared
8 20 (14.29%) Python
9 19 (13.57%) Agile Software Development
9 19 (13.57%) Analytics
10 17 (12.14%) Instagram
11 16 (11.43%) YouTube
11 16 (11.43%) SC Cleared
11 16 (11.43%) Cisco
11 16 (11.43%) Microsoft
11 16 (11.43%) Finance
11 16 (11.43%) Migration
12 15 (10.71%) HTML
12 15 (10.71%) TypeScript
13 14 (10.00%) Kubernetes
13 14 (10.00%) AWS
13 14 (10.00%) Social Media
13 14 (10.00%) AngularJS
13 14 (10.00%) Node.js
13 14 (10.00%) Firewall
14 13 (9.29%) Java
14 13 (9.29%) .NET
14 13 (9.29%) SQL Server

Twitter
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (5.00%) CMS
2 6 (4.29%) Elasticsearch
2 6 (4.29%) WordPress
3 5 (3.57%) Apache
4 4 (2.86%) Apache Spark
4 4 (2.86%) Pachyderm
4 4 (2.86%) Skype for Business
5 3 (2.14%) SharePoint
6 2 (1.43%) Exchange Server 2010
6 2 (1.43%) MS Exchange
7 1 (0.71%) Confluence
7 1 (0.71%) Drupal
7 1 (0.71%) IIS
7 1 (0.71%) Jupyter
7 1 (0.71%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 4 (2.86%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.71%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.71%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 2 (1.43%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (1.43%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 1 (0.71%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.71%) Sprinklr
Cloud Services
1 21 (15.00%) Azure
2 14 (10.00%) AWS
3 11 (7.86%) GCP
4 10 (7.14%) AdWords
4 10 (7.14%) Office 365
5 7 (5.00%) GitHub
5 7 (5.00%) Google Analytics
6 6 (4.29%) Google App Engine
7 4 (2.86%) Amazon EMR
7 4 (2.86%) OneDrive
7 4 (2.86%) Serverless
8 3 (2.14%) Azure Active Directory
8 3 (2.14%) PaaS
9 2 (1.43%) Cloud Computing
9 2 (1.43%) IaaS
9 2 (1.43%) Power Platform
10 1 (0.71%) Dynamics 365
10 1 (0.71%) Firebase
10 1 (0.71%) Heroku
10 1 (0.71%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 14 (10.00%) Firewall
2 10 (7.14%) Cisco ASA
2 10 (7.14%) Cisco Nexus
3 8 (5.71%) Network Security
4 7 (5.00%) WAN
5 6 (4.29%) AMQP
5 6 (4.29%) LAN
5 6 (4.29%) NX-OS
6 5 (3.57%) VPN
7 4 (2.86%) BGP
7 4 (2.86%) Cisco ISE
7 4 (2.86%) DHCP
7 4 (2.86%) DNS
7 4 (2.86%) EIGRP
7 4 (2.86%) OSPF
7 4 (2.86%) Skype
7 4 (2.86%) SNMP
7 4 (2.86%) TCP/IP
8 3 (2.14%) Unified Communications
9 2 (1.43%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 13 (9.29%) SQL Server
2 7 (5.00%) Big Data
2 7 (5.00%) Data Warehouse
2 7 (5.00%) Hadoop
3 6 (4.29%) MySQL
3 6 (4.29%) SAP HANA
3 6 (4.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 5 (3.57%) NoSQL
4 5 (3.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 4 (2.86%) DataStage
5 4 (2.86%) IDOL
5 4 (2.86%) Pentaho
5 4 (2.86%) Redis
6 3 (2.14%) SQL Server 2016
7 2 (1.43%) Data Lake
7 2 (1.43%) PostgreSQL
7 2 (1.43%) Power BI
7 2 (1.43%) SQL Server 2012
7 2 (1.43%) SQL Server 2017
7 2 (1.43%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 21 (15.00%) Hudson
2 12 (8.57%) Git (software)
3 9 (6.43%) Jenkins
4 8 (5.71%) Selenium
5 2 (1.43%) Bitbucket
5 2 (1.43%) Cucumber
5 2 (1.43%) git-flow
5 2 (1.43%) GitLab
5 2 (1.43%) JIRA
5 2 (1.43%) Subversion
5 2 (1.43%) Team Foundation Server
6 1 (0.71%) InstallShield
6 1 (0.71%) PostCSS
6 1 (0.71%) Ranorex
6 1 (0.71%) TeamCity
6 1 (0.71%) Telerik Test Studio
6 1 (0.71%) Visual Studio
6 1 (0.71%) WebDriver
6 1 (0.71%) webpack
General
1 16 (11.43%) Finance
2 10 (7.14%) Marketing
3 8 (5.71%) Advertising
3 8 (5.71%) Retail
4 7 (5.00%) Public Sector
5 4 (2.86%) Law
6 3 (2.14%) Publishing
6 3 (2.14%) Telecoms
7 2 (1.43%) Banking
8 1 (0.71%) Brand Awareness
8 1 (0.71%) Games
8 1 (0.71%) Legal
8 1 (0.71%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.71%) Multimedia
8 1 (0.71%) Serbian Language
Job Titles
1 41 (29.29%) Developer
2 12 (8.57%) Consultant
3 10 (7.14%) Network Engineer
4 9 (6.43%) Analyst
4 9 (6.43%) Software Engineer
5 7 (5.00%) .NET Developer
5 7 (5.00%) Python Developer
6 6 (4.29%) Full Stack Developer
6 6 (4.29%) Senior Software Engineer
7 5 (3.57%) Architect
7 5 (3.57%) JavaScript Developer
7 5 (3.57%) Python Engineer
7 5 (3.57%) React Developer
7 5 (3.57%) Security Engineer
8 4 (2.86%) C# .NET Developer
8 4 (2.86%) C# Developer
8 4 (2.86%) Data Engineer
8 4 (2.86%) Java Engineer
8 4 (2.86%) Ruby on Rails Developer
8 4 (2.86%) Windows Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (10.71%) HTML
2 14 (10.00%) AngularJS
2 14 (10.00%) Node.js
3 13 (9.29%) .NET
4 11 (7.86%) CSS
5 8 (5.71%) OAuth
6 7 (5.00%) RabbitMQ
6 7 (5.00%) REST
6 7 (5.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
7 6 (4.29%) gRPC
7 6 (4.29%) RESTful
7 6 (4.29%) Web Services
8 5 (3.57%) CSS3
8 5 (3.57%) Django
8 5 (3.57%) HTML5
8 5 (3.57%) jQuery
8 5 (3.57%) Pandas
8 5 (3.57%) Ruby on Rails
8 5 (3.57%) SOAP
9 4 (2.86%) React
Miscellaneous
1 14 (10.00%) Social Media
2 9 (6.43%) Data Centre
3 8 (5.71%) Linux Command Line
4 6 (4.29%) User Experience
5 5 (3.57%) Analytical Skills
6 4 (2.86%) Client/Server
6 4 (2.86%) Greenfield Project
7 3 (2.14%) Blog
8 2 (1.43%) Cloud Native
8 2 (1.43%) Digital Media
8 2 (1.43%) Graphic Design
8 2 (1.43%) Home Automation
8 2 (1.43%) Public Cloud
8 2 (1.43%) Smartphone
8 2 (1.43%) Video Conferencing
9 1 (0.71%) Algorithms
9 1 (0.71%) Data Structures
9 1 (0.71%) Driving Licence
9 1 (0.71%) Security Operations Centre
9 1 (0.71%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 26 (18.57%) Windows
2 23 (16.43%) Linux
3 7 (5.00%) Windows 10
4 6 (4.29%) Windows Server
5 4 (2.86%) Android
5 4 (2.86%) Windows 7
5 4 (2.86%) Windows Server 2008
6 3 (2.14%) Apple iOS
6 3 (2.14%) Windows Server 2012
7 2 (1.43%) CentOS
7 2 (1.43%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.71%) Unix
8 1 (0.71%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 19 (13.57%) Agile Software Development
1 19 (13.57%) Analytics
2 16 (11.43%) Migration
3 12 (8.57%) Machine Learning
4 10 (7.14%) Software Engineering
5 9 (6.43%) DevOps
6 7 (5.00%) Microservices
6 7 (5.00%) MVC
6 7 (5.00%) Open Source
6 7 (5.00%) Runbook
6 7 (5.00%) User Acceptance Testing
7 6 (4.29%) BDD
7 6 (4.29%) ETL
7 6 (4.29%) Information Security
7 6 (4.29%) TDD
7 6 (4.29%) Test Automation
7 6 (4.29%) Unit Testing
8 5 (3.57%) Digital Marketing
8 5 (3.57%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 5 (3.57%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 33 (23.57%) JavaScript
2 24 (17.14%) SQL
3 20 (14.29%) Python
4 15 (10.71%) TypeScript
5 13 (9.29%) Java
6 12 (8.57%) Go
7 8 (5.71%) C#
8 7 (5.00%) PowerShell
9 5 (3.57%) Bash Shell
9 5 (3.57%) Ruby
10 4 (2.86%) ES6
10 4 (2.86%) Julia
10 4 (2.86%) PHP
11 3 (2.14%) R
12 2 (1.43%) ES7
12 2 (1.43%) ES8
12 2 (1.43%) Haskell
12 2 (1.43%) OCaml
12 2 (1.43%) Scala
12 2 (1.43%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 20 (14.29%) Security Cleared
2 16 (11.43%) SC Cleared
3 11 (7.86%) CCNA
3 11 (7.86%) Cisco Certification
4 10 (7.14%) CCNP
5 7 (5.00%) Degree
6 5 (3.57%) CCIE
7 4 (2.86%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.71%) CBAP
8 1 (0.71%) CISSP
8 1 (0.71%) CTC Cleared
8 1 (0.71%) HNC
8 1 (0.71%) HND
8 1 (0.71%) IIBA
8 1 (0.71%) ITIL Certification
8 1 (0.71%) MCP
8 1 (0.71%) MCSA
8 1 (0.71%) MCSE
8 1 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (2.86%) QA
2 2 (1.43%) GDPR
2 2 (1.43%) SLA
3 1 (0.71%) ISO 9001
3 1 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 19770
3 1 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.71%) NIST
3 1 (0.71%) PMO
System Software
1 13 (9.29%) Active Directory
1 13 (9.29%) Docker
2 11 (7.86%) VMware Infrastructure
3 2 (1.43%) Samba
3 2 (1.43%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (1.43%) VMware ESXi
3 2 (1.43%) VMware NSX
4 1 (0.71%) Firmware
4 1 (0.71%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 14 (10.00%) Kubernetes
2 7 (5.00%) Terraform
3 6 (4.29%) SCCM
4 5 (3.57%) Cisco Prime
5 4 (2.86%) Kubeflow
6 2 (1.43%) Ambari
6 2 (1.43%) Ansible
6 2 (1.43%) Hadoop YARN
6 2 (1.43%) Microsoft Intune
6 2 (1.43%) vRealize
7 1 (0.71%) Cisco CUCM
7 1 (0.71%) Data Guard
7 1 (0.71%) Docker Swarm
7 1 (0.71%) Kibana
7 1 (0.71%) logstash
7 1 (0.71%) Microsoft Clustering
7 1 (0.71%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.71%) SCOM
7 1 (0.71%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.71%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 42 (30.00%) Google
2 37 (26.43%) Facebook
3 17 (12.14%) Instagram
4 16 (11.43%) Cisco
4 16 (11.43%) Microsoft
4 16 (11.43%) YouTube
5 12 (8.57%) VMware
6 10 (7.14%) CheckPoint
7 9 (6.43%) SAP
8 6 (4.29%) F5
9 4 (2.86%) Databricks
9 4 (2.86%) iManage
9 4 (2.86%) Informatica
9 4 (2.86%) Meraki
9 4 (2.86%) Talend
9 4 (2.86%) WatchGuard
10 3 (2.14%) Adobe
10 3 (2.14%) Citrix
10 3 (2.14%) Hortonworks
10 3 (2.14%) Red Hat