Period
to 5 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 5 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
5 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 190 162 111
Rank change year-on-year -28 -51 -6
Permanent jobs citing Ruby 1,188 3,083 4,930
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.80% 2.16% 2.88%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.19% 4.02% 5.15%
Number of salaries quoted 1,068 2,742 4,567
Median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% +4.76%
10th Percentile £38,375 £35,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £87,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 37,265 76,735 95,684
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 56.41% 53.67% 55.81%
Number of salaries quoted 30,599 62,964 79,484
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Salary trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 5 August 2020.

Salary histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 5 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -30 1,107 £65,000 +8.33% 175
London -36 599 £72,500 +11.54% 91
UK excluding London -15 559 £52,500 +5.00% 101
North of England +14 174 £55,000 +10.00% 27
Work from Home -38 142 £60,000 -7.69% 36
South East -37 132 £58,000 +5.45% 15
South West +58 121 £50,796 +10.43% 22
North West +18 100 £53,750 +4.37% 19
Yorkshire +29 71 £55,000 +21.95% 6
Scotland +18 48 £40,000 -20.00% 10
Midlands +92 47 £47,500 -7.32% 15
West Midlands +76 32 £50,000 -2.44% 8
East of England +3 19 £45,000 -25.00% 5
East Midlands +61 14 £47,500 -13.64% 7
Wales +28 10 £42,500 +13.33% 6
Northern Ireland +4 8 £55,000 +37.50% 1
North East -6 3 £35,000 -22.22% 2

For the 6 months to 5 August 2020, IT jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 793 (66.75%) Python
2 510 (42.93%) Java
3 498 (41.92%) JavaScript
4 462 (38.89%) Agile Software Development
4 462 (38.89%) DevOps
5 434 (36.53%) AWS
6 373 (31.40%) Docker
7 349 (29.38%) Linux
8 305 (25.67%) Ruby on Rails
9 291 (24.49%) Kubernetes
10 282 (23.74%) Terraform
11 279 (23.48%) Go
12 261 (21.97%) Azure
13 260 (21.89%) Ansible
14 258 (21.72%) Git (software)
15 242 (20.37%) Node.js
16 238 (20.03%) Jenkins
17 231 (19.44%) Software Engineering
18 217 (18.27%) Bash Shell
19 212 (17.85%) C#
20 191 (16.08%) Continuous Integration
21 189 (15.91%) React
22 187 (15.74%) Open Source
23 185 (15.57%) Puppet
23 185 (15.57%) TDD
24 181 (15.24%) SQL
25 179 (15.07%) CSS
26 176 (14.81%) HTML
27 172 (14.48%) Test Automation
28 159 (13.38%) Microservices

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (4.46%) Elasticsearch
2 47 (3.96%) Apache
3 36 (3.03%) OpenStack
4 25 (2.10%) Confluence
5 23 (1.94%) Tomcat
6 18 (1.52%) nginx
7 16 (1.35%) Apache Spark
7 16 (1.35%) Cloud Foundry
8 10 (0.84%) CloudStack
8 10 (0.84%) SharePoint
9 9 (0.76%) JBoss
10 8 (0.67%) WordPress
11 7 (0.59%) CMS
11 7 (0.59%) MS Exchange
11 7 (0.59%) SilverStripe
12 4 (0.34%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 4 (0.34%) Apache Solr
12 4 (0.34%) Drupal
13 3 (0.25%) SAS
13 3 (0.25%) WebSphere
Applications
1 4 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
1 4 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (0.17%) Adobe Premiere
2 2 (0.17%) Sketch
2 2 (0.17%) Zeplin
3 1 (0.084%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 9 (0.76%) SAP Hybris
2 4 (0.34%) Magento
2 4 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
3 3 (0.25%) Hyperion Planning
4 1 (0.084%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.084%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.084%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 434 (36.53%) AWS
2 261 (21.97%) Azure
3 149 (12.54%) GCP
4 101 (8.50%) GitHub
5 68 (5.72%) SaaS
6 55 (4.63%) Amazon EC2
6 55 (4.63%) Cloud Computing
7 53 (4.46%) Serverless
8 52 (4.38%) PaaS
9 47 (3.96%) Heroku
9 47 (3.96%) IaaS
10 44 (3.70%) Amazon S3
11 41 (3.45%) AWS Lambda
12 31 (2.61%) AWS CloudFormation
13 26 (2.19%) Amazon ECS
14 22 (1.85%) Amazon SQS
15 21 (1.77%) Route 53
16 20 (1.68%) OpenShift
17 19 (1.60%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 19 (1.60%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 54 (4.55%) Firewall
2 53 (4.46%) DNS
3 47 (3.96%) Internet
4 39 (3.28%) HTTP
5 29 (2.44%) TCP/IP
5 29 (2.44%) VPN
6 18 (1.52%) DHCP
7 12 (1.01%) Network Security
8 11 (0.93%) FTP
8 11 (0.93%) SMTP
9 8 (0.67%) IMAP
10 7 (0.59%) IPv6
10 7 (0.59%) SNMP
11 6 (0.51%) Skype
11 6 (0.51%) SSL
12 5 (0.42%) SSH
13 4 (0.34%) AMQP
13 4 (0.34%) Broadband
13 4 (0.34%) VLAN
13 4 (0.34%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 119 (10.02%) MySQL
1 119 (10.02%) NoSQL
2 106 (8.92%) PostgreSQL
3 99 (8.33%) MongoDB
4 66 (5.56%) SQL Server
5 64 (5.39%) Redis
6 45 (3.79%) Relational Database
7 33 (2.78%) Big Data
8 25 (2.10%) Hadoop
9 22 (1.85%) Amazon RDS
10 20 (1.68%) Apache Cassandra
11 15 (1.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 14 (1.18%) Data Warehouse
13 13 (1.09%) Neo4j
14 11 (0.93%) SQL Server 2016
15 10 (0.84%) CouchDB
16 7 (0.59%) RDBMS
17 6 (0.51%) Amazon Redshift
18 4 (0.34%) BigQuery
18 4 (0.34%) NuoDB
Development Applications
1 258 (21.72%) Git (software)
2 238 (20.03%) Jenkins
3 82 (6.90%) Selenium
4 77 (6.48%) GitLab
5 73 (6.14%) Cucumber
6 70 (5.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 69 (5.81%) RSpec
8 40 (3.37%) JIRA
9 31 (2.61%) TeamCity
10 30 (2.53%) Vagrant
11 26 (2.19%) Subversion
12 22 (1.85%) WebDriver
13 20 (1.68%) Sonatype Nexus
13 20 (1.68%) Xcode
14 18 (1.52%) webpack
15 17 (1.43%) Artifactory
15 17 (1.43%) Hudson
15 17 (1.43%) Maven
16 16 (1.35%) Calabash
17 15 (1.26%) SonarQube
General
1 133 (11.20%) Finance
2 46 (3.87%) Marketing
3 45 (3.79%) Games
4 43 (3.62%) Public Sector
5 39 (3.28%) Retail
6 27 (2.27%) Law
7 24 (2.02%) Banking
8 18 (1.52%) Legal
9 11 (0.93%) Front Office
10 9 (0.76%) Publishing
11 8 (0.67%) Financial Institution
11 8 (0.67%) Telecoms
12 7 (0.59%) Advertising
13 5 (0.42%) Back Office
13 5 (0.42%) Billing
13 5 (0.42%) German Language
14 4 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
15 3 (0.25%) Automotive
15 3 (0.25%) Military
15 3 (0.25%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 435 (36.62%) Developer
2 239 (20.12%) DevOps Engineer
3 130 (10.94%) Ruby Developer
4 106 (8.92%) Software Engineer
5 92 (7.74%) Senior Developer
6 82 (6.90%) Platform Engineer
7 71 (5.98%) Full Stack Developer
8 59 (4.97%) Ruby on Rails Developer
9 57 (4.80%) AWS Engineer
10 47 (3.96%) Cloud Engineer
11 46 (3.87%) Software Developer
12 44 (3.70%) Linux Engineer
13 41 (3.45%) AWS DevOps
14 39 (3.28%) Administrator
14 39 (3.28%) Architect
15 35 (2.95%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 33 (2.78%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 32 (2.69%) Azure Engineer
18 30 (2.53%) Ruby Engineer
18 30 (2.53%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 305 (25.67%) Ruby on Rails
2 242 (20.37%) Node.js
3 189 (15.91%) React
4 179 (15.07%) CSS
5 176 (14.81%) HTML
6 152 (12.79%) AngularJS
7 144 (12.12%) .NET
8 105 (8.84%) RESTful
9 103 (8.67%) Web Services
10 69 (5.81%) jQuery
11 65 (5.47%) HTML5
12 64 (5.39%) Elastic Stack
13 61 (5.13%) XML
14 57 (4.80%) REST
15 50 (4.21%) CSS3
15 50 (4.21%) Vue.js
16 49 (4.12%) React Native
17 46 (3.87%) JSON
18 43 (3.62%) .NET Framework
19 38 (3.20%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 70 (5.89%) Public Cloud
2 57 (4.80%) Greenfield Project
3 53 (4.46%) Mobile App
4 48 (4.04%) User Experience
5 35 (2.95%) Analytical Skills
6 33 (2.78%) Cloud Native
7 31 (2.61%) Data Centre
8 22 (1.85%) Self-Motivation
9 16 (1.35%) Algorithms
10 12 (1.01%) Linux Command Line
11 11 (0.93%) Management Information System
12 10 (0.84%) Clustering
12 10 (0.84%) Virtual Team
13 9 (0.76%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 8 (0.67%) Derivative
14 8 (0.67%) Enterprise Software
14 8 (0.67%) FMCG
14 8 (0.67%) Hybrid Cloud
15 7 (0.59%) Blog
15 7 (0.59%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 349 (29.38%) Linux
2 133 (11.20%) Windows
3 85 (7.15%) CentOS
4 72 (6.06%) Android
4 72 (6.06%) Unix
5 61 (5.13%) Apple iOS
5 61 (5.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 30 (2.53%) Ubuntu
7 20 (1.68%) Mac OS X
8 9 (0.76%) CoreOS
8 9 (0.76%) Debian
8 9 (0.76%) Mac OS
9 8 (0.67%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.25%) FreeBSD
11 2 (0.17%) VMS
11 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2016
12 1 (0.084%) Amazon Linux
12 1 (0.084%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 462 (38.89%) Agile Software Development
1 462 (38.89%) DevOps
2 231 (19.44%) Software Engineering
3 191 (16.08%) Continuous Integration
4 187 (15.74%) Open Source
5 185 (15.57%) TDD
6 172 (14.48%) Test Automation
7 159 (13.38%) Microservices
8 153 (12.88%) Configuration Management
9 124 (10.44%) Scrum
10 108 (9.09%) Infrastructure as Code
11 106 (8.92%) BDD
12 96 (8.08%) Problem-Solving
13 92 (7.74%) Fintech
14 81 (6.82%) Continuous Delivery
15 74 (6.23%) OO
16 66 (5.56%) Mentoring
17 65 (5.47%) High Availability
18 64 (5.39%) Computer Science
18 64 (5.39%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 793 (66.75%) Python
2 510 (42.93%) Java
3 498 (41.92%) JavaScript
4 279 (23.48%) Go
5 217 (18.27%) Bash Shell
6 212 (17.85%) C#
7 181 (15.24%) SQL
8 146 (12.29%) PHP
9 129 (10.86%) PowerShell
10 107 (9.01%) Perl
11 106 (8.92%) Scala
12 67 (5.64%) C++
13 66 (5.56%) Shell Script
14 61 (5.13%) Groovy
15 53 (4.46%) C
16 52 (4.38%) Objective-C
17 48 (4.04%) TypeScript
18 36 (3.03%) Apple Swift
19 33 (2.78%) Kotlin
20 30 (2.53%) ES6
Qualifications
1 78 (6.57%) Degree
2 52 (4.38%) Security Cleared
3 35 (2.95%) Computer Science Degree
4 34 (2.86%) SC Cleared
5 31 (2.61%) AWS Certification
6 20 (1.68%) ISTQB
7 14 (1.18%) CEH
7 14 (1.18%) ISEB
8 9 (0.76%) DV Cleared
9 7 (0.59%) CISM
9 7 (0.59%) CISSP
9 7 (0.59%) GWAPT
9 7 (0.59%) OSCP
10 4 (0.34%) PhD
11 3 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 3 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
11 3 (0.25%) PMI Certification
12 2 (0.17%) CESG Certified Professional
13 1 (0.084%) Cisco Certification
13 1 (0.084%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 75 (6.31%) QA
2 19 (1.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 8 (0.67%) ISO 9001
4 7 (0.59%) SLA
5 4 (0.34%) NIST
6 3 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 3 (0.25%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.17%) PMO
8 1 (0.084%) COBIT
8 1 (0.084%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.084%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 373 (31.40%) Docker
2 27 (2.27%) VMware Infrastructure
3 19 (1.60%) Active Directory
4 13 (1.09%) Hyper-V
5 10 (0.84%) VirtualBox
6 8 (0.67%) GlusterFS
7 7 (0.59%) KVM
8 6 (0.51%) Btrfs
8 6 (0.51%) Ceph
8 6 (0.51%) DRBD
8 6 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (0.51%) Xen
9 5 (0.42%) Virtual Servers
10 4 (0.34%) GPFS
10 4 (0.34%) Lustre
10 4 (0.34%) Slurm Workload Manager
10 4 (0.34%) vCloud
11 3 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 3 (0.25%) LXC
11 3 (0.25%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 291 (24.49%) Kubernetes
2 282 (23.74%) Terraform
3 260 (21.89%) Ansible
4 185 (15.57%) Puppet
5 129 (10.86%) Opscode Chef
6 74 (6.23%) Packer
7 58 (4.88%) Grafana
8 56 (4.71%) Prometheus
9 49 (4.12%) Graphite
10 39 (3.28%) Consul
11 36 (3.03%) Docker Swarm
12 35 (2.95%) Nagios
13 23 (1.94%) Salt
14 16 (1.35%) ZABBIX
15 10 (0.84%) Kibana
16 9 (0.76%) Cobbler
16 9 (0.76%) Opsview
17 8 (0.67%) Single Sign-On
18 7 (0.59%) Icinga
18 7 (0.59%) QRadar
Vendors
1 69 (5.81%) Google
2 68 (5.72%) Oracle
3 43 (3.62%) VMware
4 37 (3.11%) Microsoft
5 32 (2.69%) New Relic
6 31 (2.61%) Red Hat
7 18 (1.52%) Salesforce.com
8 17 (1.43%) EnterpriseDB
9 16 (1.35%) SAP
10 15 (1.26%) Atlassian
10 15 (1.26%) Rackspace
11 14 (1.18%) hybris
11 14 (1.18%) Splunk
12 13 (1.09%) Adobe
12 13 (1.09%) Apple
13 11 (0.93%) Xamarin
14 10 (0.84%) SaltStack
15 8 (0.67%) ServiceNow
16 7 (0.59%) AppDynamics
16 7 (0.59%) LogRhythm