Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 195 194 168
Rank change year-on-year -1 -26 -56
Permanent jobs citing Ruby 2,040 1,258 3,162
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.81% 1.78% 2.18%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.29% 3.17% 4.05%
Number of salaries quoted 1,204 1,011 2,495
10th Percentile £42,500 £39,383 £34,378
25th Percentile £51,250 £47,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,750 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +0.40% +4.17% +9.09%
75th Percentile £81,250 £80,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £96,600 £91,250 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% +10.00% +5.26%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 62,064 39,646 78,076
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.14% 56.07% 53.75%
Number of salaries quoted 42,797 32,930 64,638
10th Percentile £34,781 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,728
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £93,750 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Salary trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +6 1,896 £63,750 +2.00% 364
London +13 1,090 £75,000 +3.45% 182
UK excluding London -17 840 £60,000 +9.09% 205
Work from Home -42 501 £72,500 +16.00% 94
North of England +7 310 £60,000 +9.09% 69
South East -23 200 £65,000 +8.33% 33
Yorkshire +28 178 £60,000 +9.09% 26
North West -21 125 £60,000 +9.09% 38
Midlands -1 123 £56,000 +14.87% 36
South West -84 99 £55,000 +10.00% 24
West Midlands -23 73 £60,000 +20.00% 27
Scotland -46 62 £55,000 +33.33% 14
East Midlands -11 50 £50,000 +5.26% 9
East of England -18 28 £52,500 +16.67% 17
Northern Ireland -26 13 £55,000 - 6
North East -10 7 £60,000 +71.43% 5
Wales -23 4 £45,000 +5.88% 5
Isle of Man - 1 £35,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 1,180 (57.84%) Python
2 911 (44.66%) AWS
3 898 (44.02%) Agile Software Development
4 869 (42.60%) JavaScript
5 851 (41.72%) DevOps
6 798 (39.12%) Kubernetes
7 777 (38.09%) Docker
8 739 (36.23%) Ruby on Rails
9 732 (35.88%) Software Engineering
10 723 (35.44%) Terraform
11 643 (31.52%) Java
12 601 (29.46%) Go
13 556 (27.25%) React
14 508 (24.90%) Azure
15 452 (22.16%) Linux
16 446 (21.86%) PostgreSQL
17 438 (21.47%) Node.js
18 376 (18.43%) Finance
19 357 (17.50%) Infrastructure as Code
20 355 (17.40%) Jenkins
21 350 (17.16%) SQL
22 340 (16.67%) Social Skills
23 333 (16.32%) Microservices
24 331 (16.23%) C#
25 330 (16.18%) Puppet
26 327 (16.03%) TDD
27 313 (15.34%) Bash Shell
28 312 (15.29%) Problem-Solving
29 311 (15.25%) TypeScript
30 310 (15.20%) Opscode Chef

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 162 (7.94%) Elasticsearch
2 55 (2.70%) Cloud Foundry
3 36 (1.76%) Confluence
4 30 (1.47%) Apache
5 28 (1.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 18 (0.88%) GemFire
7 17 (0.83%) CMS
8 16 (0.78%) IIS
9 14 (0.69%) Apache Solr
10 13 (0.64%) WordPress
11 10 (0.49%) Tomcat
12 9 (0.44%) nginx
13 8 (0.39%) BizTalk Server
13 8 (0.39%) Drupal
14 6 (0.29%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 6 (0.29%) Jupyter
15 5 (0.25%) Hyperledger
15 5 (0.25%) OpenStack
16 4 (0.20%) JBoss
16 4 (0.20%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 12 (0.59%) SOLIDWORKS
2 11 (0.54%) Spreadsheet
3 8 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.29%) Photoshop
4 6 (0.29%) Sketch
5 3 (0.15%) AutoCAD
6 2 (0.098%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 2 (0.098%) Figma
6 2 (0.098%) Microsoft Excel
7 1 (0.049%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.049%) EngageOne
7 1 (0.049%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 12 (0.59%) Magento
2 11 (0.54%) Shopify
3 10 (0.49%) Payment Gateway
3 10 (0.49%) Primavera
4 3 (0.15%) osCommerce
5 2 (0.098%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.098%) Oracle CRM
6 1 (0.049%) Hyperion Planning
6 1 (0.049%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 911 (44.66%) AWS
2 508 (24.90%) Azure
3 276 (13.53%) GCP
4 264 (12.94%) AWS CloudFormation
5 182 (8.92%) SaaS
6 158 (7.75%) GitHub
7 154 (7.55%) Heroku
8 153 (7.50%) PaaS
9 148 (7.25%) Serverless
10 135 (6.62%) Pulumi
11 96 (4.71%) IaaS
12 87 (4.26%) Cloud Computing
13 85 (4.17%) Amazon S3
14 82 (4.02%) Datadog
15 81 (3.97%) AWS Lambda
16 79 (3.87%) Amazon ECS
17 78 (3.82%) Amazon EKS
18 69 (3.38%) Amazon EC2
19 62 (3.04%) Azure Cosmos DB
20 53 (2.60%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 41 (2.01%) Firewall
2 39 (1.91%) Internet
3 38 (1.86%) HTTP
4 24 (1.18%) DNS
5 18 (0.88%) Calico
5 18 (0.88%) SSL
5 18 (0.88%) TCP/IP
6 15 (0.74%) Network Security
7 12 (0.59%) Broadband
7 12 (0.59%) FIX Connectivity
8 11 (0.54%) FTP
8 11 (0.54%) IPv4
8 11 (0.54%) LAN
8 11 (0.54%) WAN
9 9 (0.44%) SNMP
9 9 (0.44%) VPN
10 8 (0.39%) 802.11
10 8 (0.39%) SMS
11 6 (0.29%) DHCP
11 6 (0.29%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 446 (21.86%) PostgreSQL
2 203 (9.95%) MySQL
3 184 (9.02%) Redis
4 172 (8.43%) MongoDB
5 101 (4.95%) NoSQL
6 98 (4.80%) Relational Database
7 88 (4.31%) SQL Server
8 65 (3.19%) Big Data
9 60 (2.94%) Azure SQL Database
9 60 (2.94%) MariaDB
10 47 (2.30%) Amazon RDS
11 28 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 27 (1.32%) RDBMS
13 20 (0.98%) Amazon Aurora
14 19 (0.93%) Apache Cassandra
14 19 (0.93%) Power BI
15 18 (0.88%) Blockchain
16 16 (0.78%) Tableau
17 12 (0.59%) Amazon Redshift
18 11 (0.54%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 355 (17.40%) Jenkins
2 299 (14.66%) Git (software)
3 116 (5.69%) RSpec
4 107 (5.25%) Selenium
5 106 (5.20%) GitLab
6 77 (3.77%) CircleCI
7 72 (3.53%) JIRA
8 71 (3.48%) Cucumber
9 67 (3.28%) Team Foundation Server
10 59 (2.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 55 (2.70%) Cypress.io
12 54 (2.65%) webpack
13 46 (2.25%) TeamCity
14 34 (1.67%) Vagrant
15 30 (1.47%) Capybara
16 27 (1.32%) Hudson
16 27 (1.32%) Travis CI
17 25 (1.23%) Spinnaker
17 25 (1.23%) Subversion
18 24 (1.18%) WebDriver
General
1 376 (18.43%) Finance
2 340 (16.67%) Social Skills
3 143 (7.01%) Marketing
4 123 (6.03%) Public Sector
5 122 (5.98%) Banking
6 101 (4.95%) Retail
7 61 (2.99%) Legal
8 51 (2.50%) Local Government
9 47 (2.30%) Manufacturing
10 45 (2.21%) Analytical Skills
11 44 (2.16%) Presentation Skills
12 31 (1.52%) Law
13 30 (1.47%) Games
13 30 (1.47%) Organisational Skills
14 23 (1.13%) Advertising
14 23 (1.13%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 22 (1.08%) Telecoms
16 15 (0.74%) Electronics
17 9 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
18 8 (0.39%) Billing
Job Titles
1 593 (29.07%) Developer
2 428 (20.98%) Software Engineer
3 379 (18.58%) DevOps Engineer
4 212 (10.39%) Ruby Developer
5 186 (9.12%) Senior Developer
6 172 (8.43%) Senior Software Engineer
7 121 (5.93%) AWS Engineer
8 113 (5.54%) Senior Ruby Developer
9 103 (5.05%) Full Stack Developer
10 94 (4.61%) AWS DevOps
11 92 (4.51%) Azure Engineer
12 90 (4.41%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 89 (4.36%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 84 (4.12%) Ruby on Rails Developer
15 82 (4.02%) Platform Engineer
16 72 (3.53%) Software Developer
17 69 (3.38%) Azure DevOps
18 60 (2.94%) Architect
19 56 (2.75%) Senior DevOps
20 52 (2.55%) Ruby Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 739 (36.23%) Ruby on Rails
2 556 (27.25%) React
3 438 (21.47%) Node.js
4 266 (13.04%) AngularJS
4 266 (13.04%) CSS
5 212 (10.39%) HTML
6 202 (9.90%) Vue.js
7 153 (7.50%) Web Services
8 134 (6.57%) .NET
9 133 (6.52%) GraphQL
10 131 (6.42%) RESTful
11 99 (4.85%) REST
12 92 (4.51%) Elastic Stack
12 92 (4.51%) Kafka
13 81 (3.97%) Redux
14 80 (3.92%) Sass
15 70 (3.43%) React Native
16 66 (3.24%) Django
17 52 (2.55%) RabbitMQ
18 50 (2.45%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 201 (9.85%) User Experience
2 86 (4.22%) Virtual Team
3 74 (3.63%) Linux Command Line
4 64 (3.14%) Algorithms
4 64 (3.14%) Mobile App
5 60 (2.94%) Enterprise Cloud
6 59 (2.89%) Self-Motivation
7 51 (2.50%) Blog
8 45 (2.21%) Cloud Native
9 43 (2.11%) Public Cloud
10 41 (2.01%) Legacy Systems
11 38 (1.86%) Greenfield Project
12 37 (1.81%) Data Centre
13 31 (1.52%) Enterprise Software
14 23 (1.13%) Private Cloud
15 22 (1.08%) Marketing Technology
15 22 (1.08%) NHS
16 21 (1.03%) Hybrid Cloud
17 18 (0.88%) Social Media
18 16 (0.78%) FMCG
Operating Systems
1 452 (22.16%) Linux
2 140 (6.86%) Windows
3 96 (4.71%) Unix
4 62 (3.04%) Android
5 56 (2.75%) CentOS
6 48 (2.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 41 (2.01%) Apple iOS
8 35 (1.72%) Windows Server
9 21 (1.03%) Ubuntu
10 14 (0.69%) Solaris
11 9 (0.44%) Kali Linux
12 8 (0.39%) tvOS
13 5 (0.25%) Debian
13 5 (0.25%) FreeBSD
14 4 (0.20%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.15%) Mac OS X
16 2 (0.098%) CoreOS
16 2 (0.098%) SUSE
16 2 (0.098%) Windows 10
16 2 (0.098%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 898 (44.02%) Agile Software Development
2 851 (41.72%) DevOps
3 732 (35.88%) Software Engineering
4 357 (17.50%) Infrastructure as Code
5 333 (16.32%) Microservices
6 327 (16.03%) TDD
7 312 (15.29%) Problem-Solving
8 282 (13.82%) Configuration Management
9 257 (12.60%) Mentoring
9 257 (12.60%) Open Source
10 256 (12.55%) Test Automation
11 211 (10.34%) Continuous Integration
12 201 (9.85%) OOP
13 185 (9.07%) Scrum
14 151 (7.40%) Computer Science
15 148 (7.25%) Analytics
16 137 (6.72%) E-Commerce
16 137 (6.72%) OO
17 135 (6.62%) Pair Programming
18 134 (6.57%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 1,180 (57.84%) Python
2 869 (42.60%) JavaScript
3 643 (31.52%) Java
4 601 (29.46%) Go
5 350 (17.16%) SQL
6 331 (16.23%) C#
7 313 (15.34%) Bash Shell
8 311 (15.25%) TypeScript
9 265 (12.99%) PHP
10 191 (9.36%) PowerShell
11 173 (8.48%) C++
12 143 (7.01%) Scala
13 138 (6.76%) Elixir
14 110 (5.39%) Perl
15 104 (5.10%) ES6
16 98 (4.80%) Groovy
17 97 (4.75%) Kotlin
18 87 (4.26%) C
19 74 (3.63%) Elm
20 51 (2.50%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 170 (8.33%) Degree
2 96 (4.71%) Computer Science Degree
3 91 (4.46%) Security Cleared
4 88 (4.31%) AWS Certification
5 84 (4.12%) SC Cleared
6 20 (0.98%) RHCE
6 20 (0.98%) RHCSA
7 18 (0.88%) OCP
7 18 (0.88%) Oracle Certification
8 8 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
9 6 (0.29%) CREST Certified
9 6 (0.29%) PhD
10 5 (0.25%) CHECK Team Member
10 5 (0.25%) GXPN
10 5 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
10 5 (0.25%) OSCP
10 5 (0.25%) SANS
11 4 (0.20%) MBA
12 3 (0.15%) CCNA
12 3 (0.15%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 103 (5.05%) QA
2 34 (1.67%) SLA
3 27 (1.32%) Accessibility
4 9 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.29%) GDPR
6 4 (0.20%) ISO 9001
7 3 (0.15%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.15%) ISO 26262
7 3 (0.15%) NIST
8 2 (0.098%) SOC 2
9 1 (0.049%) ISO/IEC 17025
9 1 (0.049%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 777 (38.09%) Docker
2 37 (1.81%) Active Directory
3 22 (1.08%) Virtual Machines
4 21 (1.03%) VMware Infrastructure
5 16 (0.78%) KVM
6 14 (0.69%) ISA Server
7 9 (0.44%) vSphere
8 6 (0.29%) LXC
9 5 (0.25%) Hyper-V
9 5 (0.25%) Xen
10 3 (0.15%) Gluster
10 3 (0.15%) Postfix
11 2 (0.098%) iptables
11 2 (0.098%) Platform Symphony
11 2 (0.098%) Sendmail
12 1 (0.049%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 1 (0.049%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 798 (39.12%) Kubernetes
2 723 (35.44%) Terraform
3 330 (16.18%) Puppet
4 310 (15.20%) Opscode Chef
5 299 (14.66%) Ansible
6 123 (6.03%) Prometheus
7 120 (5.88%) Grafana
8 63 (3.09%) Packer
9 57 (2.79%) Consul
10 52 (2.55%) Docker Swarm
11 38 (1.86%) Nagios
12 27 (1.32%) Kibana
13 23 (1.13%) Graphite
13 23 (1.13%) Salt
14 16 (0.78%) CFEngine
14 16 (0.78%) Demisto
15 15 (0.74%) Sysdig
16 14 (0.69%) SCCM
17 12 (0.59%) Kustomize
18 8 (0.39%) Nessus
Vendors
1 167 (8.19%) Google
2 123 (6.03%) SaltStack
3 101 (4.95%) Oracle
4 93 (4.56%) Microsoft
5 76 (3.73%) New Relic
6 57 (2.79%) Red Hat
7 40 (1.96%) Splunk
8 36 (1.76%) SAP
9 30 (1.47%) Bloomberg
9 30 (1.47%) Reuters
10 27 (1.32%) Facebook
10 27 (1.32%) IBM
11 26 (1.27%) VMware
12 24 (1.18%) Snapchat
13 21 (1.03%) Adobe
14 20 (0.98%) Apple
15 19 (0.93%) DocuSign
16 18 (0.88%) PayPal
16 18 (0.88%) Wallstreet Suite
17 17 (0.83%) ServiceNow