Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 202 194 176
Rank change year-on-year -8 -18 -41
Permanent jobs citing Ruby 2,245 875 2,750
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.79% 1.81% 2.02%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.32% 3.05% 3.77%
Number of salaries quoted 1,170 698 2,192
10th Percentile £41,125 £41,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £51,250 £50,301 £42,938
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year - +13.04% +4.55%
75th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% +10.00% -

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 67,674 28,694 72,896
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.89% 59.25% 53.48%
Number of salaries quoted 45,089 24,523 60,252
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Salary trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 2,020 £65,000 - 336
London -16 1,230 £80,000 +6.67% 187
UK excluding London -9 840 £60,000 +9.09% 168
Work from Home -77 475 £67,500 +3.85% 85
North of England +16 358 £60,000 +4.35% 63
Yorkshire -1 186 £60,000 - 30
South East -56 185 £57,500 -11.54% 31
North West -25 149 £60,000 +14.29% 27
Midlands -54 97 £65,000 +48.57% 23
Scotland -39 75 £55,000 +0.46% 13
South West -73 72 £62,500 +21.14% 24
West Midlands -71 67 £65,000 +108.00% 20
East of England -68 40 £52,500 -19.23% 8
East Midlands -62 30 £50,000 +5.26% 3
North East -10 23 £60,000 +50.00% 6
Wales -33 16 £45,000 -7.69% 6
Northern Ireland -42 13 £55,000 -
Isle of Man - 1 £35,000 -

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 1,363 (60.71%) Python
2 1,069 (47.62%) AWS
3 999 (44.50%) Agile Software Development
4 986 (43.92%) JavaScript
5 942 (41.96%) DevOps
6 823 (36.66%) Kubernetes
7 785 (34.97%) Terraform
8 764 (34.03%) Docker
9 751 (33.45%) Ruby on Rails
10 743 (33.10%) Java
11 704 (31.36%) Go
12 691 (30.78%) Software Engineering
13 639 (28.46%) React
14 597 (26.59%) Azure
15 506 (22.54%) PostgreSQL
16 501 (22.32%) Node.js
17 476 (21.20%) Linux
18 442 (19.69%) C#
19 427 (19.02%) Social Skills
20 408 (18.17%) Finance
21 391 (17.42%) Full Stack Development
22 384 (17.10%) GCP
23 377 (16.79%) Infrastructure as Code
24 376 (16.75%) Jenkins
25 375 (16.70%) Mentoring
26 364 (16.21%) TDD
27 359 (15.99%) Puppet
28 353 (15.72%) TypeScript
29 350 (15.59%) Opscode Chef
30 347 (15.46%) Bash Shell

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 211 (9.40%) Elasticsearch
2 48 (2.14%) Cloud Foundry
3 36 (1.60%) Apache
3 36 (1.60%) Confluence
4 28 (1.25%) CMS
5 19 (0.85%) GemFire
6 17 (0.76%) WordPress
7 16 (0.71%) Apache Solr
8 14 (0.62%) nginx
8 14 (0.62%) SharePoint
9 12 (0.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 11 (0.49%) OpenStack
11 10 (0.45%) Drupal
12 8 (0.36%) IIS
13 7 (0.31%) Apache Airflow
13 7 (0.31%) Tomcat
14 6 (0.27%) Jupyter
14 6 (0.27%) Umbraco
15 5 (0.22%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 5 (0.22%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 16 (0.71%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (0.45%) SOLIDWORKS
3 7 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
4 6 (0.27%) Photoshop
4 6 (0.27%) Sketch
5 4 (0.18%) Figma
5 4 (0.18%) Microsoft Excel
6 3 (0.13%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.089%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.045%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 34 (1.51%) Sentinel
2 15 (0.67%) Magento
3 14 (0.62%) Shopify
4 11 (0.49%) Payment Gateway
5 10 (0.45%) Primavera
6 8 (0.36%) Summit
7 5 (0.22%) osCommerce
8 2 (0.089%) Oracle CRM
9 1 (0.045%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,069 (47.62%) AWS
2 597 (26.59%) Azure
3 384 (17.10%) GCP
4 264 (11.76%) AWS CloudFormation
5 208 (9.27%) GitHub
6 207 (9.22%) SaaS
7 205 (9.13%) Serverless
8 201 (8.95%) Heroku
9 161 (7.17%) PaaS
10 137 (6.10%) Pulumi
11 130 (5.79%) AWS Lambda
12 118 (5.26%) Amazon S3
13 97 (4.32%) Amazon EKS
14 84 (3.74%) CloudFront
15 76 (3.39%) IaaS
16 70 (3.12%) Datadog
17 63 (2.81%) Amazon ECS
18 61 (2.72%) Amazon EC2
19 56 (2.49%) Azure Cosmos DB
20 55 (2.45%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 51 (2.27%) Firewall
2 41 (1.83%) HTTP
3 37 (1.65%) TCP/IP
4 27 (1.20%) DNS
5 25 (1.11%) Broadband
6 24 (1.07%) Internet
7 19 (0.85%) Calico
8 13 (0.58%) SSL
9 11 (0.49%) FIX Connectivity
9 11 (0.49%) IPv4
9 11 (0.49%) LAN
9 11 (0.49%) WAN
10 10 (0.45%) DHCP
11 9 (0.40%) FTP
11 9 (0.40%) Network Security
11 9 (0.40%) VPN
12 8 (0.36%) SNMP
13 7 (0.31%) tcpdump
14 6 (0.27%) SMS
14 6 (0.27%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 506 (22.54%) PostgreSQL
2 234 (10.42%) Redis
3 229 (10.20%) MySQL
4 165 (7.35%) MongoDB
5 91 (4.05%) NoSQL
5 91 (4.05%) Relational Database
6 74 (3.30%) SQL Server
7 62 (2.76%) Big Data
8 55 (2.45%) Azure SQL Database
9 54 (2.41%) MariaDB
10 42 (1.87%) Amazon RDS
11 37 (1.65%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 31 (1.38%) Power BI
13 28 (1.25%) Amazon Aurora
14 27 (1.20%) Tableau
15 26 (1.16%) Blockchain
16 23 (1.02%) Apache Cassandra
17 19 (0.85%) Amazon Redshift
18 18 (0.80%) Hadoop
19 17 (0.76%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 376 (16.75%) Jenkins
2 316 (14.08%) Git (software)
3 142 (6.33%) RSpec
4 121 (5.39%) GitLab
4 121 (5.39%) Selenium
5 102 (4.54%) Cypress.io
6 86 (3.83%) CircleCI
6 86 (3.83%) JIRA
7 79 (3.52%) webpack
8 75 (3.34%) Cucumber
9 56 (2.49%) Team Foundation Server
10 48 (2.14%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 44 (1.96%) Capybara
12 43 (1.92%) Subversion
13 40 (1.78%) TeamCity
14 32 (1.43%) Sonatype Nexus
15 28 (1.25%) JMeter
15 28 (1.25%) Mocha
16 27 (1.20%) Bitbucket
16 27 (1.20%) Vagrant
General
1 427 (19.02%) Social Skills
2 408 (18.17%) Finance
3 155 (6.90%) Marketing
4 128 (5.70%) Retail
5 123 (5.48%) Banking
6 105 (4.68%) Public Sector
7 61 (2.72%) Legal
8 58 (2.58%) Analytical Skills
9 51 (2.27%) Presentation Skills
10 44 (1.96%) Games
11 41 (1.83%) Local Government
12 35 (1.56%) Manufacturing
13 32 (1.43%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 32 (1.43%) Law
14 31 (1.38%) Pharmaceutical
15 25 (1.11%) Advertising
15 25 (1.11%) Telecoms
16 22 (0.98%) Organisational Skills
17 17 (0.76%) Documentation Skills
18 16 (0.71%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 566 (25.21%) Developer
2 453 (20.18%) Software Engineer
3 434 (19.33%) DevOps Engineer
4 183 (8.15%) Senior Software Engineer
5 143 (6.37%) AWS Engineer
6 134 (5.97%) Senior Developer
7 120 (5.35%) Ruby Developer
8 116 (5.17%) Software Developer
9 111 (4.94%) Full Stack Developer
10 108 (4.81%) AWS DevOps
11 107 (4.77%) Ruby on Rails Developer
12 105 (4.68%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 100 (4.45%) Azure Engineer
14 97 (4.32%) Azure DevOps Engineer
15 89 (3.96%) Architect
16 82 (3.65%) Azure DevOps
16 82 (3.65%) Platform Engineer
17 71 (3.16%) Senior DevOps
17 71 (3.16%) Senior DevOps Engineer
18 55 (2.45%) Backend Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 751 (33.45%) Ruby on Rails
2 639 (28.46%) React
3 501 (22.32%) Node.js
4 284 (12.65%) AngularJS
5 273 (12.16%) CSS
6 253 (11.27%) HTML
7 251 (11.18%) Vue.js
8 181 (8.06%) .NET
9 164 (7.31%) GraphQL
10 125 (5.57%) RESTful
11 121 (5.39%) REST
12 112 (4.99%) Web Services
13 110 (4.90%) Kafka
14 101 (4.50%) React Native
15 98 (4.37%) Sass
16 91 (4.05%) Django
17 83 (3.70%) Redux
18 76 (3.39%) JSON
19 66 (2.94%) Elastic Stack
20 60 (2.67%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 229 (10.20%) User Experience
2 96 (4.28%) Virtual Team
3 72 (3.21%) Linux Command Line
3 72 (3.21%) Mobile App
4 68 (3.03%) Enterprise Cloud
5 66 (2.94%) Cloud Native
5 66 (2.94%) Greenfield Project
6 61 (2.72%) Public Cloud
7 54 (2.41%) Algorithms
8 51 (2.27%) Self-Motivation
9 41 (1.83%) NHS
10 39 (1.74%) Legacy Systems
11 38 (1.69%) Data Centre
12 33 (1.47%) Private Cloud
13 32 (1.43%) Blog
14 28 (1.25%) Social Media
15 24 (1.07%) Renewable Energy
16 22 (0.98%) Marketing Technology
17 21 (0.94%) Data Structures
18 17 (0.76%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 476 (21.20%) Linux
2 231 (10.29%) Windows
3 120 (5.35%) Unix
4 57 (2.54%) Android
5 46 (2.05%) Windows Server
6 45 (2.00%) CentOS
7 42 (1.87%) Apple iOS
8 39 (1.74%) Mac OS
9 30 (1.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 21 (0.94%) Ubuntu
11 13 (0.58%) Solaris
12 9 (0.40%) VMS
13 8 (0.36%) Debian
14 6 (0.27%) Kali Linux
15 4 (0.18%) FreeBSD
15 4 (0.18%) Mac OS X
15 4 (0.18%) tvOS
15 4 (0.18%) Windows 10
16 3 (0.13%) Windows Server 2019
16 3 (0.13%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 999 (44.50%) Agile Software Development
2 942 (41.96%) DevOps
3 691 (30.78%) Software Engineering
4 391 (17.42%) Full Stack Development
5 377 (16.79%) Infrastructure as Code
6 375 (16.70%) Mentoring
7 364 (16.21%) TDD
8 343 (15.28%) Problem-Solving
9 330 (14.70%) Microservices
10 309 (13.76%) Configuration Management
11 297 (13.23%) Test Automation
12 238 (10.60%) Open Source
13 228 (10.16%) Continuous Integration
14 222 (9.89%) Scrum
15 205 (9.13%) OOP
16 193 (8.60%) OO
17 189 (8.42%) Analytics
18 169 (7.53%) Coaching
19 162 (7.22%) BDD
20 161 (7.17%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,363 (60.71%) Python
2 986 (43.92%) JavaScript
3 743 (33.10%) Java
4 704 (31.36%) Go
5 442 (19.69%) C#
6 353 (15.72%) TypeScript
7 347 (15.46%) Bash Shell
8 331 (14.74%) PHP
9 321 (14.30%) SQL
10 241 (10.73%) PowerShell
11 231 (10.29%) C++
12 201 (8.95%) Scala
13 180 (8.02%) Perl
14 146 (6.50%) Elixir
15 135 (6.01%) Kotlin
16 125 (5.57%) ES6
17 107 (4.77%) C
18 96 (4.28%) Groovy
19 75 (3.34%) Elm
20 55 (2.45%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 184 (8.20%) Degree
2 93 (4.14%) AWS Certification
3 78 (3.47%) Computer Science Degree
4 72 (3.21%) Security Cleared
5 66 (2.94%) SC Cleared
6 37 (1.65%) SANS
7 34 (1.51%) GCFA
7 34 (1.51%) GCFE
7 34 (1.51%) GCIA
7 34 (1.51%) GCIH
8 19 (0.85%) OCP
8 19 (0.85%) Oracle Certification
9 12 (0.53%) RHCE
9 12 (0.53%) RHCSA
10 6 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
11 5 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
11 5 (0.22%) PhD
12 4 (0.18%) CREST Certified
12 4 (0.18%) DV Cleared
12 4 (0.18%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 150 (6.68%) QA
2 49 (2.18%) SLA
3 40 (1.78%) Accessibility
4 4 (0.18%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.18%) GDPR
4 4 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.089%) NIST
6 1 (0.045%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.045%) SOC 2
System Software
1 764 (34.03%) Docker
2 30 (1.34%) Virtual Machines
3 20 (0.89%) Active Directory
4 19 (0.85%) VMware Infrastructure
5 13 (0.58%) ISA Server
6 11 (0.49%) vSphere
7 6 (0.27%) LXC
8 5 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.13%) Ceph
9 3 (0.13%) Gluster
10 2 (0.089%) iptables
10 2 (0.089%) Postfix
10 2 (0.089%) Sendmail
11 1 (0.045%) Firmware
11 1 (0.045%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.045%) NFS
11 1 (0.045%) Platform Symphony
11 1 (0.045%) Squid
11 1 (0.045%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.045%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 823 (36.66%) Kubernetes
2 785 (34.97%) Terraform
3 359 (15.99%) Puppet
4 350 (15.59%) Opscode Chef
5 308 (13.72%) Ansible
6 125 (5.57%) Grafana
7 124 (5.52%) Prometheus
8 51 (2.27%) Packer
9 39 (1.74%) Docker Swarm
10 35 (1.56%) Nagios
11 34 (1.51%) Kibana
12 32 (1.43%) Consul
13 26 (1.16%) Salt
14 19 (0.85%) Cobbler
15 17 (0.76%) SCCM
16 10 (0.45%) Graphite
16 10 (0.45%) Kustomize
16 10 (0.45%) Sysdig
17 6 (0.27%) logstash
17 6 (0.27%) Mesos
Vendors
1 238 (10.60%) Google
2 143 (6.37%) SaltStack
3 82 (3.65%) Oracle
4 78 (3.47%) New Relic
5 63 (2.81%) Salesforce.com
6 61 (2.72%) Microsoft
7 49 (2.18%) Splunk
8 44 (1.96%) Red Hat
9 37 (1.65%) Bloomberg
10 36 (1.60%) Apple
11 32 (1.43%) SAP
11 32 (1.43%) VMware
12 30 (1.34%) IBM
13 29 (1.29%) Reuters
14 28 (1.25%) Facebook
15 24 (1.07%) Snapchat
16 22 (0.98%) TikTok
17 20 (0.89%) PayPal
18 19 (0.85%) DocuSign
19 18 (0.80%) Wallstreet Suite