Period
to 21 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 21 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
21 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 195 176 155
Rank change year-on-year -19 -21 -60
Permanent jobs citing Ruby 1,434 2,070 3,490
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.70% 1.91% 2.35%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.10% 3.49% 4.32%
Number of salaries quoted 1,159 1,563 2,827
10th Percentile £42,500 £35,000 £34,751
25th Percentile £51,250 £43,750 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £60,000 £58,000
Median % change year-on-year - +3.45% +10.48%
75th Percentile £78,750 £76,250 £75,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% +5.26%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 46,254 59,300 80,769
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.90% 54.61% 54.39%
Number of salaries quoted 37,369 49,394 66,794
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £46,250 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.11% +2.78% +2.27%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Salary trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 21 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 21 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 1,317 £60,000 - 341
UK excluding London +9 753 £57,500 +9.52% 186
London -40 609 £72,000 +2.86% 185
Work from Home -37 382 £65,000 +18.18% 112
North of England +24 267 £60,000 +9.09% 62
South East +22 194 £62,500 +13.64% 31
Yorkshire +31 166 £60,000 +9.09% 24
Midlands +65 101 £50,000 - 33
South West -61 95 £52,000 +4.00% 10
North West +15 93 £57,500 +4.55% 31
West Midlands +25 62 £50,000 -3.85% 24
Scotland -23 57 £57,000 +38.18% 19
East Midlands +43 39 £50,000 +17.65% 9
East of England +36 24 £55,000 +22.22% 19
Northern Ireland 0 9 £52,500 +31.25% 6
North East +10 8 £50,000 +25.00% 7
Wales +25 5 £57,500 +35.29% 5
Isle of Man -10 1 £35,000 -41.67% 1

For the 6 months to 21 April 2021, IT jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 916 (63.88%) Python
2 718 (50.07%) Agile Software Development
3 710 (49.51%) DevOps
4 634 (44.21%) AWS
5 590 (41.14%) JavaScript
6 586 (40.86%) Kubernetes
7 585 (40.79%) Docker
8 519 (36.19%) Java
9 450 (31.38%) Software Engineering
10 445 (31.03%) Terraform
11 410 (28.59%) Ruby on Rails
12 401 (27.96%) Go
13 390 (27.20%) Azure
14 380 (26.50%) Linux
15 319 (22.25%) Jenkins
15 319 (22.25%) C#
16 278 (19.39%) Configuration Management
17 274 (19.11%) SQL
18 264 (18.41%) Puppet
19 245 (17.09%) Bash Shell
20 244 (17.02%) Ansible
21 240 (16.74%) Infrastructure as Code
22 229 (15.97%) Git (software)
23 228 (15.90%) TDD
24 225 (15.69%) Opscode Chef
25 216 (15.06%) AWS CloudFormation
26 213 (14.85%) Node.js
27 209 (14.57%) PostgreSQL
28 207 (14.44%) Problem-Solving
29 194 (13.53%) Finance

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (3.70%) Elasticsearch
2 43 (3.00%) Confluence
3 27 (1.88%) Apache
4 20 (1.39%) Cloud Foundry
5 19 (1.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 12 (0.84%) IIS
6 12 (0.84%) nginx
6 12 (0.84%) Tomcat
6 12 (0.84%) WordPress
7 9 (0.63%) Drupal
8 7 (0.49%) CMS
8 7 (0.49%) OpenStack
9 6 (0.42%) GemFire
10 5 (0.35%) Apache Pulsar
10 5 (0.35%) BizTalk Server
10 5 (0.35%) MS Exchange
11 3 (0.21%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 3 (0.21%) ArcGIS
11 3 (0.21%) SharePoint
12 2 (0.14%) Umbraco
Applications
1 5 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
2 4 (0.28%) AutoCAD
2 4 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.14%) SOLIDWORKS
4 1 (0.070%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.070%) EngageOne
4 1 (0.070%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 10 (0.70%) Magento
2 9 (0.63%) Shopify
3 6 (0.42%) Hyperion Planning
4 4 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.070%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.070%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 634 (44.21%) AWS
2 390 (27.20%) Azure
3 216 (15.06%) AWS CloudFormation
4 182 (12.69%) GCP
5 122 (8.51%) GitHub
6 116 (8.09%) Pulumi
7 97 (6.76%) SaaS
8 86 (6.00%) Serverless
9 82 (5.72%) PaaS
10 69 (4.81%) Datadog
11 68 (4.74%) Amazon EKS
12 62 (4.32%) IaaS
13 57 (3.97%) Amazon EC2
14 53 (3.70%) AWS Lambda
15 51 (3.56%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 47 (3.28%) Cloud Computing
17 45 (3.14%) Amazon S3
18 42 (2.93%) Heroku
19 37 (2.58%) Amazon ECS
20 31 (2.16%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 57 (3.97%) Internet
2 43 (3.00%) DNS
3 33 (2.30%) HTTP
4 31 (2.16%) TCP/IP
5 25 (1.74%) Firewall
6 15 (1.05%) FTP
6 15 (1.05%) SMTP
7 11 (0.77%) Network Security
8 10 (0.70%) DHCP
9 9 (0.63%) FIX Connectivity
9 9 (0.63%) HTTPS
10 8 (0.56%) IMAP
11 7 (0.49%) SSL
12 6 (0.42%) Calico
12 6 (0.42%) Ethernet
12 6 (0.42%) FlexRay
12 6 (0.42%) VPN
13 5 (0.35%) OpenVPN
14 4 (0.28%) SNMP
15 3 (0.21%) ICMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 209 (14.57%) PostgreSQL
2 174 (12.13%) MySQL
3 107 (7.46%) MongoDB
4 90 (6.28%) Redis
5 78 (5.44%) SQL Server
6 62 (4.32%) Relational Database
7 59 (4.11%) Azure SQL Database
8 55 (3.84%) NoSQL
9 52 (3.63%) MariaDB
10 35 (2.44%) Amazon RDS
11 26 (1.81%) RDBMS
12 24 (1.67%) Big Data
13 14 (0.98%) Data Warehouse
14 11 (0.77%) Amazon Redshift
15 7 (0.49%) Presto
16 6 (0.42%) CouchDB
16 6 (0.42%) Essbase
17 5 (0.35%) GIS
18 4 (0.28%) Amazon Aurora
18 4 (0.28%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 319 (22.25%) Jenkins
2 229 (15.97%) Git (software)
3 91 (6.35%) Selenium
4 80 (5.58%) GitLab
5 79 (5.51%) JIRA
6 68 (4.74%) Team Foundation Server
7 67 (4.67%) TeamCity
8 63 (4.39%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 54 (3.77%) Cucumber
10 49 (3.42%) RSpec
11 44 (3.07%) Bitbucket
12 43 (3.00%) WebDriver
13 42 (2.93%) Subversion
14 34 (2.37%) Artifactory
15 32 (2.23%) CircleCI
16 28 (1.95%) Appium
16 28 (1.95%) Sonatype Nexus
17 27 (1.88%) Vagrant
18 22 (1.53%) JMeter
19 21 (1.46%) Hudson
General
1 194 (13.53%) Finance
2 80 (5.58%) Public Sector
3 54 (3.77%) Marketing
4 52 (3.63%) Banking
5 48 (3.35%) Retail
6 27 (1.88%) Manufacturing
7 24 (1.67%) Games
8 20 (1.39%) Local Government
9 18 (1.26%) Legal
10 14 (0.98%) Law
11 11 (0.77%) Telecoms
12 10 (0.70%) Retail Banking
13 6 (0.42%) Automotive
13 6 (0.42%) Electronics
14 3 (0.21%) Investment Banking
15 2 (0.14%) Financial Institution
15 2 (0.14%) Publishing
16 1 (0.070%) Advertising
16 1 (0.070%) Billing
16 1 (0.070%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 509 (35.50%) Developer
2 328 (22.87%) DevOps Engineer
3 225 (15.69%) Ruby Developer
4 200 (13.95%) Software Engineer
5 141 (9.83%) Senior Developer
6 109 (7.60%) AWS Engineer
7 107 (7.46%) Senior Ruby Developer
8 100 (6.97%) AWS DevOps
9 91 (6.35%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 74 (5.16%) Azure Engineer
11 73 (5.09%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 73 (5.09%) Ruby on Rails Developer
12 72 (5.02%) Software Developer
13 68 (4.74%) Full Stack Developer
14 53 (3.70%) Senior Software Engineer
15 52 (3.63%) Platform Engineer
16 51 (3.56%) Azure DevOps
17 49 (3.42%) Senior DevOps
18 44 (3.07%) Cloud Engineer
19 43 (3.00%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 410 (28.59%) Ruby on Rails
2 213 (14.85%) Node.js
3 176 (12.27%) CSS
4 169 (11.79%) React
5 165 (11.51%) AngularJS
6 159 (11.09%) HTML
7 128 (8.93%) Vue.js
8 126 (8.79%) Web Services
9 88 (6.14%) RESTful
10 85 (5.93%) .NET
11 83 (5.79%) Elastic Stack
12 39 (2.72%) REST
13 38 (2.65%) jQuery
14 35 (2.44%) HTML5
15 34 (2.37%) ASP.NET
16 33 (2.30%) React Native
16 33 (2.30%) Sass
17 32 (2.23%) RabbitMQ
17 32 (2.23%) Redux
18 29 (2.02%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 77 (5.37%) Linux Command Line
2 59 (4.11%) Enterprise Cloud
3 57 (3.97%) User Experience
4 44 (3.07%) Analytical Skills
5 43 (3.00%) Self-Motivation
6 36 (2.51%) Greenfield Project
7 35 (2.44%) Algorithms
8 33 (2.30%) Mobile App
9 31 (2.16%) Virtual Team
10 29 (2.02%) Public Cloud
11 25 (1.74%) Blog
12 23 (1.60%) Enterprise Software
13 22 (1.53%) Management Information System
14 20 (1.39%) Cloud Native
15 18 (1.26%) Organisational Skills
16 16 (1.12%) Data Centre
16 16 (1.12%) Data Structures
17 11 (0.77%) e-Learning
18 10 (0.70%) Clustering
19 9 (0.63%) LIMS
Operating Systems
1 380 (26.50%) Linux
2 90 (6.28%) Windows
3 82 (5.72%) CentOS
4 66 (4.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 64 (4.46%) Unix
6 34 (2.37%) Android
7 33 (2.30%) Windows Server
8 32 (2.23%) Ubuntu
9 29 (2.02%) Apple iOS
10 14 (0.98%) Debian
11 9 (0.63%) Solaris
12 5 (0.35%) tvOS
13 4 (0.28%) Fedora
14 3 (0.21%) Kali Linux
15 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
15 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
15 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2016
16 1 (0.070%) DC/OS
16 1 (0.070%) Mac OS
16 1 (0.070%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 718 (50.07%) Agile Software Development
2 710 (49.51%) DevOps
3 450 (31.38%) Software Engineering
4 278 (19.39%) Configuration Management
5 240 (16.74%) Infrastructure as Code
6 228 (15.90%) TDD
7 207 (14.44%) Problem-Solving
8 187 (13.04%) Continuous Integration
9 178 (12.41%) OOP
10 175 (12.20%) Test Automation
11 163 (11.37%) Open Source
11 163 (11.37%) Scrum
12 159 (11.09%) Microservices
13 149 (10.39%) Mentoring
14 142 (9.90%) Continuous Delivery
15 111 (7.74%) Computer Science
16 104 (7.25%) Analytics
17 99 (6.90%) Deployment Automation
18 95 (6.62%) E-Commerce
19 92 (6.42%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 916 (63.88%) Python
2 590 (41.14%) JavaScript
3 519 (36.19%) Java
4 401 (27.96%) Go
5 319 (22.25%) C#
6 274 (19.11%) SQL
7 245 (17.09%) Bash Shell
8 186 (12.97%) PHP
9 164 (11.44%) PowerShell
10 126 (8.79%) Scala
11 122 (8.51%) TypeScript
12 113 (7.88%) C++
13 102 (7.11%) Perl
14 99 (6.90%) Groovy
15 85 (5.93%) Kotlin
16 66 (4.60%) Shell Script
17 35 (2.44%) C
18 34 (2.37%) ES6
19 20 (1.39%) Apple Swift
20 18 (1.26%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 113 (7.88%) Degree
2 82 (5.72%) Security Cleared
3 77 (5.37%) AWS Certification
3 77 (5.37%) SC Cleared
4 71 (4.95%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (1.05%) RHCE
5 15 (1.05%) RHCSA
6 7 (0.49%) GIAC
7 6 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
7 6 (0.42%) OCP
7 6 (0.42%) Oracle Certification
8 4 (0.28%) GCFA
8 4 (0.28%) GCFE
8 4 (0.28%) GCIH
8 4 (0.28%) GREM
8 4 (0.28%) ISTQB
8 4 (0.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 4 (0.28%) OSCP
9 3 (0.21%) CISSP
9 3 (0.21%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (4.60%) QA
2 11 (0.77%) SLA
3 6 (0.42%) ISO 26262
3 6 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.28%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.28%) ISO 9001
4 4 (0.28%) NIST
5 3 (0.21%) GDPR
6 2 (0.14%) WCAG
7 1 (0.070%) ISO/IEC 17025
7 1 (0.070%) NCSC
7 1 (0.070%) SOC 2
System Software
1 585 (40.79%) Docker
2 42 (2.93%) Active Directory
3 39 (2.72%) VMware Infrastructure
4 30 (2.09%) KVM
5 23 (1.60%) Hyper-V
6 16 (1.12%) Xen
7 8 (0.56%) Virtual Machines
8 7 (0.49%) Samba
9 5 (0.35%) Btrfs
9 5 (0.35%) Ceph
9 5 (0.35%) DRBD
9 5 (0.35%) Postfix
9 5 (0.35%) vSphere
10 2 (0.14%) Platform Symphony
11 1 (0.070%) Gluster
11 1 (0.070%) ISA Server
11 1 (0.070%) LXC
11 1 (0.070%) Varnish
11 1 (0.070%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.070%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 586 (40.86%) Kubernetes
2 445 (31.03%) Terraform
3 264 (18.41%) Puppet
4 244 (17.02%) Ansible
5 225 (15.69%) Opscode Chef
6 108 (7.53%) Prometheus
7 100 (6.97%) Grafana
8 58 (4.04%) Packer
9 51 (3.56%) Consul
10 44 (3.07%) Docker Swarm
11 36 (2.51%) Nagios
12 28 (1.95%) Graphite
13 19 (1.32%) CFEngine
13 19 (1.32%) Demisto
14 11 (0.77%) Salt
15 9 (0.63%) Kibana
16 8 (0.56%) Failover Clustering
17 7 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
18 6 (0.42%) Check_MK
18 6 (0.42%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 116 (8.09%) SaltStack
2 99 (6.90%) Microsoft
3 83 (5.79%) Google
4 72 (5.02%) Oracle
5 70 (4.88%) New Relic
6 65 (4.53%) Red Hat
7 49 (3.42%) VMware
8 36 (2.51%) Atlassian
8 36 (2.51%) Salesforce.com
9 28 (1.95%) Splunk
10 27 (1.88%) ServiceNow
11 19 (1.32%) ArcSight
12 16 (1.12%) Apple
13 15 (1.05%) Cisco
13 15 (1.05%) Dynatrace
14 13 (0.91%) Adobe
14 13 (0.91%) SAP
15 12 (0.84%) Xamarin
16 10 (0.70%) AppDynamics
17 9 (0.63%) Fidessa