Period
to 21 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 21 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 204 195 179
Rank change year-on-year -9 -16 -29
Permanent jobs citing Ruby 2,257 1,095 2,494
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.76% 1.73% 1.97%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.31% 2.99% 3.65%
Number of salaries quoted 1,131 916 1,932
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £51,250 £51,250 £43,688
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £58,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +2.56% +1.74%
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £86,250 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +15.00% -

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 68,095 36,656 68,356
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 52.98% 58.02% 54.11%
Number of salaries quoted 44,444 31,247 56,913
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £31,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £72,500 £71,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Salary trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -14 1,889 £65,000 +8.33% 284
London -25 1,081 £82,500 +13.79% 181
UK excluding London -28 843 £60,000 +4.35% 122
Work from Home -56 463 £65,000 +4.00% 76
North of England -39 372 £60,000 - 45
Yorkshire -16 208 £60,000 - 13
South East -37 192 £60,000 +9.09% 15
North West -29 135 £65,000 +13.04% 28
Midlands -52 98 £62,500 +31.58% 23
South West -13 87 £57,500 +25.00% 9
West Midlands -48 62 £65,000 +23.81% 15
Scotland -54 61 £55,750 -2.19% 18
East of England -64 43 £47,500 -13.64% 10
East Midlands -31 36 £47,500 +11.76% 8
North East -14 29 £65,000 +30.00% 4
Wales -22 25 £54,725 -10.65% 1
Northern Ireland -40 6 £55,000 +4.76% 1

For the 6 months to 21 January 2022, IT jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 1,392 (61.67%) Python
2 1,146 (50.78%) AWS
3 1,074 (47.59%) Agile Software Development
4 1,001 (44.35%) JavaScript
5 959 (42.49%) DevOps
6 819 (36.29%) Ruby on Rails
7 800 (35.45%) Java
8 724 (32.08%) Software Engineering
9 698 (30.93%) Kubernetes
10 672 (29.77%) Go
11 665 (29.46%) Docker
12 631 (27.96%) React
13 589 (26.10%) Terraform
14 551 (24.41%) CI/CD
15 522 (23.13%) Azure
16 489 (21.67%) Linux
17 483 (21.40%) C#
18 458 (20.29%) Node.js
19 453 (20.07%) PostgreSQL
20 434 (19.23%) TDD
21 430 (19.05%) Mentoring
21 430 (19.05%) Social Skills
22 385 (17.06%) Full Stack Development
23 358 (15.86%) GCP
24 335 (14.84%) Git (software)
25 331 (14.67%) Jenkins
26 319 (14.13%) Finance
27 318 (14.09%) Puppet
28 312 (13.82%) PHP
29 309 (13.69%) SQL

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 194 (8.60%) Elasticsearch
2 51 (2.26%) Apache
3 41 (1.82%) Cloud Foundry
4 29 (1.28%) CMS
4 29 (1.28%) Confluence
5 19 (0.84%) nginx
6 18 (0.80%) Apache Spark
7 17 (0.75%) SharePoint
8 15 (0.66%) GemFire
9 14 (0.62%) Apache Airflow
10 13 (0.58%) Drupal
10 13 (0.58%) WordPress
11 12 (0.53%) Apache Solr
12 11 (0.49%) OpenStack
13 9 (0.40%) Umbraco
14 6 (0.27%) Tomcat
15 5 (0.22%) Headless CMS
16 4 (0.18%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 3 (0.13%) Ethereum
17 3 (0.13%) OpenWhisk
Applications
1 13 (0.58%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
3 3 (0.13%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.089%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.044%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.044%) Weka
Business Applications
1 54 (2.39%) Sentinel
2 17 (0.75%) Summit
3 12 (0.53%) Shopify
4 10 (0.44%) Magento
5 6 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
5 6 (0.27%) SAP Business One
6 2 (0.089%) osCommerce
6 2 (0.089%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,146 (50.78%) AWS
2 522 (23.13%) Azure
3 358 (15.86%) GCP
4 253 (11.21%) GitHub
5 229 (10.15%) AWS CloudFormation
6 217 (9.61%) Heroku
7 213 (9.44%) Serverless
8 190 (8.42%) SaaS
9 148 (6.56%) AWS Lambda
10 141 (6.25%) Amazon S3
11 133 (5.89%) PaaS
12 112 (4.96%) Amazon EKS
13 98 (4.34%) Pulumi
14 85 (3.77%) Azure Monitor
15 84 (3.72%) CloudFront
16 72 (3.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 58 (2.57%) Slack
18 57 (2.53%) Amazon EC2
19 54 (2.39%) Amazon GuardDuty
19 54 (2.39%) AWS CloudTrail
Communications & Networking
1 60 (2.66%) HTTP
2 51 (2.26%) DNS
2 51 (2.26%) TCP/IP
3 45 (1.99%) Internet
4 40 (1.77%) Firewall
5 22 (0.97%) HTTPS
6 20 (0.89%) Network Security
7 15 (0.66%) Broadband
7 15 (0.66%) Calico
7 15 (0.66%) DKIM
7 15 (0.66%) DMARC
8 11 (0.49%) DHCP
9 9 (0.40%) Wi-Fi
10 8 (0.35%) FIX Connectivity
10 8 (0.35%) FTP
10 8 (0.35%) SMTP
10 8 (0.35%) SSL
10 8 (0.35%) VPN
11 7 (0.31%) Kerberos
12 6 (0.27%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 453 (20.07%) PostgreSQL
2 281 (12.45%) MySQL
3 248 (10.99%) Redis
4 128 (5.67%) NoSQL
5 100 (4.43%) MongoDB
6 89 (3.94%) Relational Database
7 53 (2.35%) Big Data
8 50 (2.22%) SQL Server
9 39 (1.73%) Amazon RDS
10 32 (1.42%) Amazon Aurora
11 24 (1.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 23 (1.02%) Azure SQL Database
13 22 (0.97%) MariaDB
14 21 (0.93%) Amazon Redshift
14 21 (0.93%) Hadoop
14 21 (0.93%) Power BI
15 20 (0.89%) Neo4j
16 18 (0.80%) Data Warehouse
16 18 (0.80%) Tableau
17 17 (0.75%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 335 (14.84%) Git (software)
2 331 (14.67%) Jenkins
3 144 (6.38%) RSpec
4 120 (5.32%) JIRA
5 115 (5.10%) GitLab
6 106 (4.70%) CircleCI
7 98 (4.34%) Selenium
8 90 (3.99%) Cypress.io
9 87 (3.85%) Cucumber
10 78 (3.46%) webpack
11 57 (2.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 48 (2.13%) Capybara
13 42 (1.86%) Subversion
14 40 (1.77%) TeamCity
15 36 (1.60%) JMeter
16 33 (1.46%) Bitbucket
17 30 (1.33%) Postman
18 27 (1.20%) Sonatype Nexus
19 25 (1.11%) Vagrant
20 23 (1.02%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 430 (19.05%) Social Skills
2 319 (14.13%) Finance
3 143 (6.34%) Marketing
4 138 (6.11%) Retail
5 95 (4.21%) Public Sector
6 91 (4.03%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 68 (3.01%) Analytical Skills
8 65 (2.88%) Banking
9 53 (2.35%) Games
10 43 (1.91%) Pharmaceutical
11 40 (1.77%) Telecoms
12 31 (1.37%) Law
12 31 (1.37%) Publishing
13 28 (1.24%) Presentation Skills
14 27 (1.20%) Automotive
15 26 (1.15%) Manufacturing
16 20 (0.89%) Aerospace
17 19 (0.84%) Legal
18 15 (0.66%) Digital Economy
19 14 (0.62%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 633 (28.05%) Developer
2 445 (19.72%) Software Engineer
3 382 (16.93%) DevOps Engineer
4 162 (7.18%) Senior Software Engineer
5 137 (6.07%) AWS Engineer
6 131 (5.80%) Senior Developer
7 127 (5.63%) Ruby Developer
8 125 (5.54%) Full Stack Developer
9 122 (5.41%) Ruby on Rails Developer
10 119 (5.27%) Software Developer
11 102 (4.52%) AWS DevOps
12 101 (4.47%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 99 (4.39%) Azure Engineer
14 92 (4.08%) Azure DevOps Engineer
15 79 (3.50%) Platform Engineer
16 75 (3.32%) Azure DevOps
17 70 (3.10%) Architect
18 66 (2.92%) Security Engineer
19 59 (2.61%) Backend Developer
20 54 (2.39%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 819 (36.29%) Ruby on Rails
2 631 (27.96%) React
3 458 (20.29%) Node.js
4 300 (13.29%) HTML
5 289 (12.80%) CSS
6 286 (12.67%) Vue.js
7 225 (9.97%) AngularJS
8 211 (9.35%) .NET
9 134 (5.94%) GraphQL
10 127 (5.63%) REST
11 121 (5.36%) RESTful
12 113 (5.01%) JSON
13 102 (4.52%) Kafka
14 92 (4.08%) React Native
15 91 (4.03%) Django
16 90 (3.99%) Sass
17 69 (3.06%) HTML5
17 69 (3.06%) XML
18 66 (2.92%) Sidekiq
19 64 (2.84%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 167 (7.40%) User Experience
2 85 (3.77%) Virtual Team
3 81 (3.59%) Cloud Native
4 72 (3.19%) Enterprise Cloud
4 72 (3.19%) Mobile App
5 68 (3.01%) Algorithms
6 66 (2.92%) Public Cloud
7 61 (2.70%) Greenfield Project
7 61 (2.70%) NHS
8 48 (2.13%) Self-Motivation
8 48 (2.13%) Social Media
9 47 (2.08%) Data Structures
10 38 (1.68%) Linux Command Line
11 34 (1.51%) Blog
12 27 (1.20%) Legacy Systems
13 22 (0.97%) Data Centre
14 21 (0.93%) Private Cloud
15 19 (0.84%) Cyberthreat
16 18 (0.80%) Hybrid Cloud
17 16 (0.71%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 489 (21.67%) Linux
2 272 (12.05%) Windows
3 147 (6.51%) Unix
4 63 (2.79%) Mac OS
5 40 (1.77%) CentOS
6 36 (1.60%) Apple iOS
7 35 (1.55%) Android
8 27 (1.20%) Windows Server
9 26 (1.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 24 (1.06%) Ubuntu
11 18 (0.80%) VMS
12 9 (0.40%) Solaris
13 4 (0.18%) Debian
14 3 (0.13%) Mac OS X
15 2 (0.089%) SUSE
15 2 (0.089%) Windows 10
16 1 (0.044%) Amazon Linux
16 1 (0.044%) Kali Linux
16 1 (0.044%) Windows Phone
16 1 (0.044%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,074 (47.59%) Agile Software Development
2 959 (42.49%) DevOps
3 724 (32.08%) Software Engineering
4 551 (24.41%) CI/CD
5 434 (19.23%) TDD
6 430 (19.05%) Mentoring
7 385 (17.06%) Full Stack Development
8 306 (13.56%) Configuration Management
9 304 (13.47%) Test Automation
10 283 (12.54%) Continuous Integration
11 278 (12.32%) Infrastructure as Code
12 274 (12.14%) Microservices
13 272 (12.05%) Problem-Solving
14 264 (11.70%) Scrum
15 196 (8.68%) OOP
16 193 (8.55%) Open Source
17 192 (8.51%) Analytics
18 188 (8.33%) Coaching
19 187 (8.29%) OO
20 173 (7.67%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,392 (61.67%) Python
2 1,001 (44.35%) JavaScript
3 800 (35.45%) Java
4 672 (29.77%) Go
5 483 (21.40%) C#
6 312 (13.82%) PHP
7 309 (13.69%) SQL
8 296 (13.11%) Bash
9 283 (12.54%) TypeScript
10 239 (10.59%) Scala
11 222 (9.84%) C++
12 207 (9.17%) PowerShell
13 196 (8.68%) Perl
14 163 (7.22%) Kotlin
15 81 (3.59%) C
16 80 (3.54%) ES6
17 76 (3.37%) Groovy
18 74 (3.28%) Shell Script
19 70 (3.10%) Apple Swift
20 69 (3.06%) Elixir
Qualifications
1 213 (9.44%) Degree
2 110 (4.87%) Computer Science Degree
3 106 (4.70%) Security Cleared
4 102 (4.52%) AWS Certification
5 91 (4.03%) SC Cleared
6 53 (2.35%) GCFA
6 53 (2.35%) GCFE
6 53 (2.35%) GCIA
6 53 (2.35%) GCIH
6 53 (2.35%) SANS
7 31 (1.37%) Master's Degree
8 15 (0.66%) OCP
8 15 (0.66%) Oracle Certification
9 11 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
10 10 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
10 10 (0.44%) DV Cleared
11 8 (0.35%) RHCSA
12 7 (0.31%) RHCE
13 6 (0.27%) PhD
14 4 (0.18%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 150 (6.65%) QA
2 52 (2.30%) Accessibility
3 41 (1.82%) SLA
4 11 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.27%) Data Quality
5 6 (0.27%) NIST
6 5 (0.22%) GDPR
6 5 (0.22%) SOC 2
7 3 (0.13%) HIPAA
8 2 (0.089%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.044%) COPPA
System Software
1 665 (29.46%) Docker
2 41 (1.82%) Virtual Machines
3 20 (0.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (0.53%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 8 (0.35%) vSphere
6 7 (0.31%) ISA Server
7 6 (0.27%) LXC
8 5 (0.22%) Active Directory
9 3 (0.13%) Ceph
10 2 (0.089%) Hyper-V
10 2 (0.089%) NFS
10 2 (0.089%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.044%) Squid
11 1 (0.044%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 1 (0.044%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 698 (30.93%) Kubernetes
2 589 (26.10%) Terraform
3 318 (14.09%) Puppet
4 297 (13.16%) Opscode Chef
5 271 (12.01%) Ansible
6 106 (4.70%) Grafana
7 98 (4.34%) Prometheus
8 51 (2.26%) Cobbler
9 48 (2.13%) Kibana
9 48 (2.13%) Packer
10 32 (1.42%) Docker Swarm
11 27 (1.20%) Nagios
12 24 (1.06%) Consul
13 18 (0.80%) Salt
14 13 (0.58%) Single Sign-On
15 12 (0.53%) Graphite
16 10 (0.44%) Capistrano
16 10 (0.44%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
16 10 (0.44%) Computer Incident Response Team
16 10 (0.44%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 274 (12.14%) Google
2 150 (6.65%) SaltStack
3 93 (4.12%) Salesforce.com
4 64 (2.84%) Oracle
5 57 (2.53%) Splunk
6 51 (2.26%) Microsoft
7 50 (2.22%) New Relic
7 50 (2.22%) Red Hat
8 49 (2.17%) VMware
9 39 (1.73%) Apple
10 26 (1.15%) Spotify
11 25 (1.11%) Bloomberg
12 21 (0.93%) SAP
13 17 (0.75%) Dell
13 17 (0.75%) HubSpot
14 16 (0.71%) Facebook
14 16 (0.71%) PayPal
15 15 (0.66%) AppDynamics
16 13 (0.58%) Adobe
16 13 (0.58%) Dynatrace