Period
to 16 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 16 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 190 174 142
Rank change year-on-year -16 -32 -53
Permanent jobs citing Ruby 1,081 2,503 3,690
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.74% 1.98% 2.44%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.99% 3.67% 4.44%
Number of salaries quoted 1,100 2,191 3,388
Median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% - +9.52%
10th Percentile £42,500 £35,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £88,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +15.00% - +11.11%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 36,172 68,263 83,033
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 58.10% 54.12% 54.96%
Number of salaries quoted 30,562 56,808 69,482
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Salary trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 16 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -26 967 £62,500 +4.17% 273
London -26 523 £72,000 +10.77% 147
UK excluding London +4 499 £57,500 +15.00% 149
Work from Home -54 244 £62,500 +18.26% 68
North of England +48 204 £60,000 +20.00% 53
Yorkshire +39 118 £60,000 +9.09% 18
South East -27 110 £55,000 +4.76% 28
North West +35 78 £57,500 +15.00% 29
South West -11 51 £50,000 +11.11% 18
Scotland -5 50 £57,000 +15.15% 17
Midlands +51 45 £50,000 - 18
West Midlands +49 33 £52,500 +0.48% 14
East of England +52 19 £55,000 +10.00% 8
Northern Ireland +13 17 £52,500 +31.25% 2
East Midlands +51 12 £45,000 - 4
North East +13 8 £48,750 +30.87% 6
Wales +39 4 £57,500 +9.52% 5
Isle of Man -10 1 - -

For the 6 months to 16 January 2021, IT jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 727 (67.25%) Python
2 524 (48.47%) Agile Software Development
3 502 (46.44%) DevOps
4 442 (40.89%) JavaScript
5 433 (40.06%) AWS
6 431 (39.87%) Java
7 427 (39.50%) Docker
8 371 (34.32%) Kubernetes
9 335 (30.99%) Terraform
10 309 (28.58%) Go
11 305 (28.21%) Linux
12 260 (24.05%) Azure
13 251 (23.22%) Jenkins
14 243 (22.48%) C#
15 234 (21.65%) Software Engineering
16 232 (21.46%) Configuration Management
17 229 (21.18%) Puppet
18 227 (21.00%) Ruby on Rails
19 220 (20.35%) Ansible
20 219 (20.26%) Bash Shell
21 189 (17.48%) Infrastructure as Code
22 180 (16.65%) TDD
23 176 (16.28%) Opscode Chef
24 175 (16.19%) Git (software)
25 170 (15.73%) SQL
26 164 (15.17%) Continuous Integration
26 164 (15.17%) Node.js
27 151 (13.97%) Problem-Solving
28 150 (13.88%) PostgreSQL
29 146 (13.51%) MySQL

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (5.09%) Elasticsearch
2 32 (2.96%) Confluence
3 23 (2.13%) Apache
4 12 (1.11%) Apache Spark
5 11 (1.02%) nginx
6 8 (0.74%) OpenStack
7 7 (0.65%) CMS
8 6 (0.56%) Tomcat
9 5 (0.46%) Drupal
10 4 (0.37%) Apache Pulsar
10 4 (0.37%) SharePoint
10 4 (0.37%) WordPress
11 3 (0.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 3 (0.28%) ArcGIS
11 3 (0.28%) BizTalk Server
12 2 (0.19%) IIS
13 1 (0.093%) JBoss
13 1 (0.093%) MS Exchange
13 1 (0.093%) WebLogic
13 1 (0.093%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (0.093%) Adobe Illustrator
1 1 (0.093%) AutoCAD
1 1 (0.093%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.093%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.093%) Photoshop
1 1 (0.093%) Sketch
1 1 (0.093%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 19 (1.76%) SAP Hybris
2 7 (0.65%) Hyperion Planning
3 4 (0.37%) Shopify
4 2 (0.19%) Magento
4 2 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 433 (40.06%) AWS
2 260 (24.05%) Azure
3 141 (13.04%) GCP
4 136 (12.58%) AWS CloudFormation
5 103 (9.53%) GitHub
6 95 (8.79%) SaaS
7 86 (7.96%) Pulumi
8 56 (5.18%) Amazon EKS
9 53 (4.90%) PaaS
10 52 (4.81%) Serverless
11 46 (4.26%) IaaS
12 44 (4.07%) Datadog
13 39 (3.61%) Amazon EC2
13 39 (3.61%) AWS Lambda
14 37 (3.42%) Cloud Computing
15 36 (3.33%) Amazon S3
16 29 (2.68%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 26 (2.41%) Heroku
18 25 (2.31%) Amazon SQS
19 22 (2.04%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 57 (5.27%) TCP/IP
2 50 (4.63%) DNS
3 27 (2.50%) Internet
4 23 (2.13%) Firewall
5 18 (1.67%) HTTP
6 16 (1.48%) SMTP
7 13 (1.20%) FTP
7 13 (1.20%) IMAP
8 8 (0.74%) VPN
9 6 (0.56%) DHCP
9 6 (0.56%) HTTPS
10 4 (0.37%) ICMP
10 4 (0.37%) OpenVPN
11 3 (0.28%) Ethernet
11 3 (0.28%) FlexRay
11 3 (0.28%) Network Security
11 3 (0.28%) SSL
12 2 (0.19%) Kerberos
12 2 (0.19%) RTP
12 2 (0.19%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 150 (13.88%) PostgreSQL
2 146 (13.51%) MySQL
3 75 (6.94%) MongoDB
4 71 (6.57%) Redis
5 57 (5.27%) NoSQL
6 56 (5.18%) SQL Server
7 42 (3.89%) Azure SQL Database
8 38 (3.52%) Relational Database
9 37 (3.42%) Cosmos DB
10 36 (3.33%) MariaDB
11 31 (2.87%) Big Data
12 25 (2.31%) Amazon RDS
13 10 (0.93%) Data Warehouse
13 10 (0.93%) RDBMS
14 9 (0.83%) Blockchain
15 8 (0.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 8 (0.74%) Amazon Redshift
16 7 (0.65%) Essbase
17 6 (0.56%) Amazon Aurora
18 5 (0.46%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 251 (23.22%) Jenkins
2 175 (16.19%) Git (software)
3 75 (6.94%) Selenium
4 67 (6.20%) GitLab
5 66 (6.11%) JIRA
6 59 (5.46%) TeamCity
7 48 (4.44%) Cucumber
8 46 (4.26%) Team Foundation Server
9 42 (3.89%) Subversion
10 41 (3.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 41 (3.79%) RSpec
11 40 (3.70%) Artifactory
12 35 (3.24%) Bitbucket
13 32 (2.96%) Sonatype Nexus
14 27 (2.50%) Appium
14 27 (2.50%) WebDriver
15 22 (2.04%) Vagrant
16 17 (1.57%) Calabash
16 17 (1.57%) Maven
17 15 (1.39%) Gerrit
General
1 142 (13.14%) Finance
2 57 (5.27%) Public Sector
3 43 (3.98%) Marketing
4 31 (2.87%) Games
5 29 (2.68%) Banking
6 27 (2.50%) Retail
7 13 (1.20%) Advertising
8 11 (1.02%) Law
9 8 (0.74%) Front Office
10 5 (0.46%) Legal
10 5 (0.46%) Local Government
11 4 (0.37%) Telecoms
12 3 (0.28%) Automotive
12 3 (0.28%) Investment Banking
12 3 (0.28%) Publishing
13 2 (0.19%) Retail Banking
14 1 (0.093%) Billing
14 1 (0.093%) Czech Language
14 1 (0.093%) Manufacturing
14 1 (0.093%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 374 (34.60%) Developer
2 282 (26.09%) DevOps Engineer
3 129 (11.93%) Ruby Developer
4 112 (10.36%) AWS Engineer
5 100 (9.25%) Software Engineer
6 95 (8.79%) AWS DevOps
7 89 (8.23%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 73 (6.75%) Full Stack Developer
9 71 (6.57%) Senior Developer
10 66 (6.11%) Platform Engineer
11 60 (5.55%) Azure Engineer
12 59 (5.46%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 57 (5.27%) Ruby on Rails Developer
14 56 (5.18%) Software Developer
15 52 (4.81%) Senior DevOps
16 40 (3.70%) Linux Engineer
16 40 (3.70%) Ruby Engineer
17 35 (3.24%) Architect
17 35 (3.24%) Azure DevOps
18 33 (3.05%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 227 (21.00%) Ruby on Rails
2 164 (15.17%) Node.js
3 121 (11.19%) AngularJS
4 117 (10.82%) HTML
4 117 (10.82%) React
5 109 (10.08%) CSS
6 100 (9.25%) Web Services
7 89 (8.23%) Vue.js
8 69 (6.38%) RESTful
9 57 (5.27%) Elastic Stack
10 56 (5.18%) .NET
11 55 (5.09%) Kafka
12 51 (4.72%) React Native
13 42 (3.89%) HTML5
14 34 (3.15%) PhoneGap
15 31 (2.87%) Spring
15 31 (2.87%) XML
16 25 (2.31%) Apache Cordova
16 25 (2.31%) Ionic Framework
16 25 (2.31%) NativeScript
Miscellaneous
1 52 (4.81%) Linux Command Line
2 50 (4.63%) Greenfield Project
3 48 (4.44%) Enterprise Cloud
4 42 (3.89%) Mobile App
5 40 (3.70%) Analytical Skills
6 39 (3.61%) Cloud Native
7 38 (3.52%) Public Cloud
8 28 (2.59%) Self-Motivation
9 27 (2.50%) Management Information System
9 27 (2.50%) User Experience
10 20 (1.85%) FMCG
11 18 (1.67%) Algorithms
12 17 (1.57%) Data Centre
13 12 (1.11%) Data Structures
14 11 (1.02%) Enterprise Software
15 10 (0.93%) Virtual Team
16 7 (0.65%) LIMS
17 6 (0.56%) Mobile Payment
18 4 (0.37%) Blog
18 4 (0.37%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 305 (28.21%) Linux
2 83 (7.68%) CentOS
3 78 (7.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 73 (6.75%) Windows
5 66 (6.11%) Unix
6 33 (3.05%) Apple iOS
7 28 (2.59%) Android
8 25 (2.31%) Ubuntu
9 21 (1.94%) Windows Server
10 12 (1.11%) Debian
11 8 (0.74%) Fedora
12 6 (0.56%) Mac OS X
13 3 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
14 2 (0.19%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
14 2 (0.19%) Windows Server 2016
15 1 (0.093%) DC/OS
15 1 (0.093%) Oracle Linux
15 1 (0.093%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 524 (48.47%) Agile Software Development
2 502 (46.44%) DevOps
3 234 (21.65%) Software Engineering
4 232 (21.46%) Configuration Management
5 189 (17.48%) Infrastructure as Code
6 180 (16.65%) TDD
7 164 (15.17%) Continuous Integration
8 151 (13.97%) Problem-Solving
9 137 (12.67%) Test Automation
10 120 (11.10%) Microservices
10 120 (11.10%) Scrum
11 89 (8.23%) Continuous Delivery
11 89 (8.23%) Open Source
12 88 (8.14%) Deployment Automation
13 85 (7.86%) OOP
14 76 (7.03%) BDD
15 72 (6.66%) Computer Science
16 69 (6.38%) Mentoring
17 64 (5.92%) Fintech
18 59 (5.46%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 727 (67.25%) Python
2 442 (40.89%) JavaScript
3 431 (39.87%) Java
4 309 (28.58%) Go
5 243 (22.48%) C#
6 219 (20.26%) Bash Shell
7 170 (15.73%) SQL
8 134 (12.40%) PowerShell
9 104 (9.62%) Perl
10 103 (9.53%) PHP
10 103 (9.53%) Scala
11 96 (8.88%) TypeScript
12 81 (7.49%) Kotlin
13 72 (6.66%) Shell Script
14 65 (6.01%) C++
15 62 (5.74%) Groovy
16 35 (3.24%) Clojure
17 33 (3.05%) PL/SQL
18 32 (2.96%) Apple Swift
18 32 (2.96%) Elixir
Qualifications
1 72 (6.66%) AWS Certification
2 58 (5.37%) Degree
3 40 (3.70%) Security Cleared
4 36 (3.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 32 (2.96%) SC Cleared
6 7 (0.65%) Master's Degree
7 6 (0.56%) GIAC
7 6 (0.56%) ISTQB
8 4 (0.37%) GCFA
8 4 (0.37%) GCFE
8 4 (0.37%) GCIH
8 4 (0.37%) GREM
9 3 (0.28%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 2 (0.19%) CEH
10 2 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.19%) CISSP
10 2 (0.19%) GPEN
10 2 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.19%) OSCP
10 2 (0.19%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (4.63%) QA
2 7 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 7 (0.65%) NIST
3 6 (0.56%) WCAG
4 5 (0.46%) GDPR
4 5 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 3 (0.28%) ISO 26262
5 3 (0.28%) SLA
6 2 (0.19%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.19%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.093%) NCSC
7 1 (0.093%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 427 (39.50%) Docker
2 46 (4.26%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (2.68%) Active Directory
4 16 (1.48%) Hyper-V
5 10 (0.93%) RHEV
6 9 (0.83%) KVM
6 9 (0.83%) Xen
7 7 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
8 5 (0.46%) Samba
9 4 (0.37%) Btrfs
9 4 (0.37%) Ceph
9 4 (0.37%) DRBD
9 4 (0.37%) Postfix
9 4 (0.37%) VirtualBox
10 2 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.093%) Gluster
11 1 (0.093%) Varnish
11 1 (0.093%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 371 (34.32%) Kubernetes
2 335 (30.99%) Terraform
3 229 (21.18%) Puppet
4 220 (20.35%) Ansible
5 176 (16.28%) Opscode Chef
6 74 (6.85%) Prometheus
7 70 (6.48%) Grafana
8 29 (2.68%) Packer
9 27 (2.50%) Nagios
10 25 (2.31%) Graphite
11 23 (2.13%) Single Sign-On
12 22 (2.04%) Consul
12 22 (2.04%) Docker Swarm
13 8 (0.74%) Failover Clustering
14 7 (0.65%) HAProxy
15 5 (0.46%) Check_MK
15 5 (0.46%) Mesos
15 5 (0.46%) Rancher
16 4 (0.37%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
16 4 (0.37%) Oracle ZFS
Vendors
1 87 (8.05%) SaltStack
2 66 (6.11%) New Relic
3 58 (5.37%) Google
4 57 (5.27%) VMware
5 49 (4.53%) Microsoft
5 49 (4.53%) Salesforce.com
6 48 (4.44%) Oracle
7 40 (3.70%) Atlassian
8 30 (2.78%) Red Hat
9 23 (2.13%) Adobe
10 22 (2.04%) SAP
11 19 (1.76%) hybris
12 15 (1.39%) Apple
13 13 (1.20%) Cisco
13 13 (1.20%) ServiceNow
14 10 (0.93%) Xamarin
15 7 (0.65%) Hyperion
15 7 (0.65%) Splunk
16 5 (0.46%) AppDynamics
16 5 (0.46%) SolarWinds