Period
to 17 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 17 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C
UK
6 months to
17 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 92 100 95
Rank change year-on-year +8 -5 +1
Permanent jobs citing C 4,973 5,557 5,384
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.33% 3.17% 3.07%
As % of the Programming Languages category 6.05% 5.70% 5.72%
Number of salaries quoted 3,716 4,286 4,220
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £29,313 £30,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £76,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,500 £44,000
% change year-on-year +4.40% +3.41% +3.53%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 82,240 97,542 94,080
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.00% 55.69% 53.56%
Number of salaries quoted 67,998 81,955 80,570
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

C
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing C.

Salary trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing C over the 6 months to 17 February 2019.

Salary histogram for C in the UK

C
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C within the UK over the 6 months to 17 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +10 4,698 £50,000 - 1,605
UK excluding London +2 3,453 £47,500 +4.40% 1,438
London +35 1,431 £65,000 +8.33% 293
South East +18 1,251 £50,000 +5.26% 343
South West +23 788 £45,000 - 211
Midlands +22 421 £42,500 -5.56% 214
North of England +2 417 £45,000 +5.88% 255
East of England -39 380 £50,500 -3.81% 295
West Midlands +8 282 £42,500 -5.56% 149
North West -14 225 £45,000 - 146
Yorkshire +60 162 £45,000 +9.76% 87
Scotland +12 139 £46,000 +6.98% 76
East Midlands +41 138 £43,250 -3.89% 64
Wales +10 49 £41,250 -8.33% 37
North East -13 31 £48,750 +21.88% 22
Northern Ireland -27 22 £50,000 +25.00% 13

For the 6 months to 17 February 2019, IT jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for C.

1 2,383 (47.92%) C++
2 1,998 (40.18%) Software Engineering
3 1,533 (30.83%) Python
4 1,492 (30.00%) Java
5 1,426 (28.67%) Degree
6 1,276 (25.66%) Agile Software Development
7 1,247 (25.08%) Linux
8 1,182 (23.77%) C#
9 804 (16.17%) Security Cleared
10 774 (15.56%) SQL
11 716 (14.40%) Computer Science
12 712 (14.32%) JavaScript
13 618 (12.43%) Finance
14 615 (12.37%) Windows
15 569 (11.44%) Problem-Solving
16 534 (10.74%) Microsoft
17 517 (10.40%) Mathematics
17 517 (10.40%) SC Cleared
18 487 (9.79%) Machine Learning
19 429 (8.63%) Analytical Skills
20 421 (8.47%) Embedded C
21 405 (8.14%) HTML
21 405 (8.14%) Test Automation
22 389 (7.82%) Electronics
23 387 (7.78%) TDD
24 384 (7.72%) OO
25 381 (7.66%) Analytics
26 376 (7.56%) DV Cleared
27 373 (7.50%) .NET
28 372 (7.48%) Amazon AWS

C
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 133 (2.67%) Apache
2 81 (1.63%) Apache Spark
3 80 (1.61%) Confluence
4 67 (1.35%) Elasticsearch
4 67 (1.35%) SharePoint
5 53 (1.07%) IIS
6 46 (0.92%) Tomcat
7 40 (0.80%) WebLogic
8 39 (0.78%) MS Exchange
9 35 (0.70%) JBoss
10 20 (0.40%) WebSphere
11 19 (0.38%) Apache Pig
11 19 (0.38%) GlassFish
11 19 (0.38%) Skype for Business
12 17 (0.34%) nginx
13 15 (0.30%) CMS
13 15 (0.30%) SAS
14 14 (0.28%) Ethereum
14 14 (0.28%) SharePoint 2013
15 13 (0.26%) OpenStack
Applications
1 153 (3.08%) Microsoft Office
2 113 (2.27%) Microsoft Excel
3 104 (2.09%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 57 (1.15%) Microsoft Project
5 54 (1.09%) MS Visio
6 21 (0.42%) Simulink
7 17 (0.34%) Photoshop
8 12 (0.24%) Snapchat
9 10 (0.20%) SOLIDWORKS
10 8 (0.16%) Stateflow
11 7 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 7 (0.14%) Fireworks
12 5 (0.10%) Acrobat
12 5 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
12 5 (0.10%) InVision
13 4 (0.080%) AutoCAD
13 4 (0.080%) SPSS
13 4 (0.080%) TargetLink
14 2 (0.040%) Open Workbench
14 2 (0.040%) Weka
Business Applications
1 55 (1.11%) Dynamics CRM
2 44 (0.88%) Dynamics NAV
3 21 (0.42%) SAP ERP
4 18 (0.36%) Distributed Ledger
5 17 (0.34%) Oracle Applications
5 17 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
6 15 (0.30%) SAP S/4HANA
7 13 (0.26%) R3 Corda
8 12 (0.24%) SAP SD
9 9 (0.18%) SAP GRC
10 7 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
10 7 (0.14%) Oracle Payroll
10 7 (0.14%) Teamcenter
11 6 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
11 6 (0.12%) LatentZero
11 6 (0.12%) SAP CRM
11 6 (0.12%) thinkFolio
12 4 (0.080%) JDE EnterpriseOne
12 4 (0.080%) Magento
12 4 (0.080%) Primavera
Cloud Services
1 372 (7.48%) Amazon AWS
2 282 (5.67%) Microsoft Azure
3 122 (2.45%) Office 365
4 120 (2.41%) Google Cloud Platform
5 117 (2.35%) SaaS
6 86 (1.73%) GitHub
7 60 (1.21%) Cloud Computing
8 46 (0.92%) IaaS
9 44 (0.88%) Serverless
10 42 (0.84%) PaaS
11 31 (0.62%) AWS Lambda
12 29 (0.58%) Dynamics 365
13 28 (0.56%) Amazon EC2
14 20 (0.40%) G Suite
15 17 (0.34%) Amazon S3
16 12 (0.24%) OpenShift
17 10 (0.20%) Azure Data Factory
18 9 (0.18%) iTunes
19 8 (0.16%) Slack
20 7 (0.14%) Force.com
Communications & Networking
1 273 (5.49%) TCP/IP
2 188 (3.78%) Internet
3 175 (3.52%) Wireless
4 145 (2.92%) RS-485
5 128 (2.57%) Firewall
6 122 (2.45%) Bluetooth
7 103 (2.07%) Modbus
8 86 (1.73%) Wi-Fi
9 76 (1.53%) Network Security
10 74 (1.49%) HTTP
11 68 (1.37%) LAN
12 66 (1.33%) Ethernet
13 63 (1.27%) RS-232
13 63 (1.27%) WAN
14 61 (1.23%) DNS
15 50 (1.01%) VoIP
16 45 (0.90%) GSM
17 40 (0.80%) SAN
18 39 (0.78%) SSL
19 34 (0.68%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 240 (4.83%) Big Data
2 222 (4.46%) SQL Server
3 142 (2.86%) Relational Database
4 127 (2.55%) Hadoop
5 126 (2.53%) MySQL
6 113 (2.27%) NoSQL
7 98 (1.97%) MongoDB
8 85 (1.71%) PostgreSQL
9 60 (1.21%) Oracle Database
10 58 (1.17%) Apache Cassandra
11 47 (0.95%) Blockchain
12 40 (0.80%) RDBMS
13 37 (0.74%) Data Warehouse
13 37 (0.74%) GIS
14 26 (0.52%) Redis
15 24 (0.48%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 24 (0.48%) Oracle Database 11g
16 22 (0.44%) Apache Hive
16 22 (0.44%) Oracle Database 10g
17 20 (0.40%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 359 (7.22%) Git (software)
2 274 (5.51%) JIRA
3 241 (4.85%) Visual Studio
4 240 (4.83%) Jenkins
5 178 (3.58%) Maven
6 104 (2.09%) Selenium
7 96 (1.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 92 (1.85%) Subversion
9 80 (1.61%) Robot Framework
10 77 (1.55%) Team Foundation Server
11 65 (1.31%) Bitbucket
12 54 (1.09%) JUnit
12 54 (1.09%) Rational DOORS
13 52 (1.05%) Eclipse
13 52 (1.05%) LabVIEW
14 48 (0.97%) Vagrant
15 46 (0.92%) SoapUI
16 44 (0.88%) Cucumber
17 42 (0.84%) ProC
18 41 (0.82%) TeamCity
General
1 618 (12.43%) Finance
2 389 (7.82%) Electronics
3 231 (4.65%) Telecoms
4 222 (4.46%) Manufacturing
5 211 (4.24%) Banking
6 207 (4.16%) Marketing
7 202 (4.06%) Automotive
8 163 (3.28%) Retail
9 128 (2.57%) Military
10 126 (2.53%) Games
11 106 (2.13%) Aerospace
12 76 (1.53%) Pharmaceutical
13 62 (1.25%) Legal
14 52 (1.05%) Publishing
15 44 (0.88%) Law
16 31 (0.62%) Front Office
17 25 (0.50%) Back Office
18 23 (0.46%) Financial Institution
19 22 (0.44%) Advertising
20 18 (0.36%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 1,412 (28.39%) Software Engineer
2 992 (19.95%) Developer
3 555 (11.16%) Embedded Engineer
4 472 (9.49%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 334 (6.72%) Software Developer
6 330 (6.64%) C++ Software Engineer
7 298 (5.99%) Analyst
8 286 (5.75%) Senior Software Engineer
9 285 (5.73%) Architect
10 209 (4.20%) Consultant
11 172 (3.46%) Test Engineer
12 166 (3.34%) Junior
13 162 (3.26%) C Software Engineer
14 157 (3.16%) C++ Developer
15 156 (3.14%) C# Developer
16 155 (3.12%) Systems Engineer
17 148 (2.98%) Graduate
18 139 (2.80%) Linux Engineer
19 128 (2.57%) C/C++ Software Engineer
20 126 (2.53%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 405 (8.14%) HTML
2 373 (7.50%) .NET
3 263 (5.29%) CSS
4 219 (4.40%) AngularJS
5 190 (3.82%) Spring
6 170 (3.42%) Web Services
7 169 (3.40%) Node.js
8 161 (3.24%) HTML5
9 152 (3.06%) XML
10 140 (2.82%) TensorFlow
11 129 (2.59%) ASP.NET
12 116 (2.33%) REST
13 112 (2.25%) RESTful
14 107 (2.15%) JSON
15 106 (2.13%) React
16 99 (1.99%) J2EE
17 86 (1.73%) Django
18 83 (1.67%) Qt
18 83 (1.67%) STL
19 77 (1.55%) Natural Language Processing
Miscellaneous
1 429 (8.63%) Analytical Skills
2 359 (7.22%) Algorithms
3 320 (6.43%) Embedded Systems
4 192 (3.86%) Self-Motivation
5 165 (3.32%) Management Information System
6 158 (3.18%) Device Driver
7 151 (3.04%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
8 128 (2.57%) User Experience
9 126 (2.53%) Greenfield Project
10 125 (2.51%) Fintech
11 107 (2.15%) Robotics
12 104 (2.09%) VHDL
13 100 (2.01%) CAN bus
14 76 (1.53%) Data Centre
15 72 (1.45%) Internet of Things
16 65 (1.31%) Data Structures
17 51 (1.03%) Driving Licence
18 49 (0.99%) Enterprise Software
19 45 (0.90%) Social Media
20 41 (0.82%) Verilog
Operating Systems
1 1,247 (25.08%) Linux
2 615 (12.37%) Windows
3 323 (6.50%) Android
4 240 (4.83%) Unix
5 202 (4.06%) Apple iOS
6 132 (2.65%) Embedded Linux
7 112 (2.25%) Windows Server
8 101 (2.03%) FreeRTOS
9 84 (1.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 67 (1.35%) Windows 10
11 59 (1.19%) Ubuntu
12 47 (0.95%) Windows Server 2012
13 45 (0.90%) Mac OS X
14 40 (0.80%) Windows Server 2008
15 35 (0.70%) CentOS
16 33 (0.66%) Windows 7
17 27 (0.54%) Fedora
18 23 (0.46%) AIX
19 21 (0.42%) SUSE
20 18 (0.36%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,998 (40.18%) Software Engineering
2 1,276 (25.66%) Agile Software Development
3 716 (14.40%) Computer Science
4 569 (11.44%) Problem-Solving
5 517 (10.40%) Mathematics
6 487 (9.79%) Machine Learning
7 405 (8.14%) Test Automation
8 387 (7.78%) TDD
9 384 (7.72%) OO
10 381 (7.66%) Analytics
11 365 (7.34%) DevOps
12 364 (7.32%) Cybersecurity
13 351 (7.06%) Continuous Integration
14 342 (6.88%) SDLC
15 335 (6.74%) Scrum
16 333 (6.70%) Project Management
17 301 (6.05%) Artificial Intelligence
18 295 (5.93%) Mentoring
19 268 (5.39%) Multithreading
20 251 (5.05%) Systems Engineering
Programming Languages
1 2,383 (47.92%) C++
2 1,533 (30.83%) Python
3 1,492 (30.00%) Java
4 1,182 (23.77%) C#
5 774 (15.56%) SQL
6 712 (14.32%) JavaScript
7 421 (8.47%) Embedded C
8 239 (4.81%) Bash Shell
9 220 (4.42%) Ruby
10 216 (4.34%) Perl
11 211 (4.24%) Go
12 148 (2.98%) PHP
12 148 (2.98%) PowerShell
13 143 (2.88%) Embedded C++
14 140 (2.82%) MATLAB
15 119 (2.39%) Scala
16 114 (2.29%) Shell Script
17 110 (2.21%) VB
18 108 (2.17%) Objective-C
18 108 (2.17%) R
Qualifications
1 1,426 (28.67%) Degree
2 804 (16.17%) Security Cleared
3 517 (10.40%) SC Cleared
4 376 (7.56%) DV Cleared
5 282 (5.67%) Computer Science Degree
6 190 (3.82%) PhD
7 91 (1.83%) CISSP
8 63 (1.27%) MPhil
9 62 (1.25%) Microsoft Certification
10 56 (1.13%) Cisco Certification
10 56 (1.13%) SANS
11 49 (0.99%) CCNA
11 49 (0.99%) GIAC
12 47 (0.95%) MCSE
13 43 (0.86%) HNC
13 43 (0.86%) Master's Degree
14 42 (0.84%) HND
15 40 (0.80%) ITIL Certification
16 32 (0.64%) CEH
16 32 (0.64%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 218 (4.38%) QA
2 68 (1.37%) SLA
3 62 (1.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 39 (0.78%) PMO
5 30 (0.60%) MISRA
6 29 (0.58%) GDPR
7 26 (0.52%) IEC 61508
8 24 (0.48%) DO-178B
9 22 (0.44%) JTAG
10 18 (0.36%) JSP 440
10 18 (0.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 17 (0.34%) ISO 13485
11 17 (0.34%) ISO 9001
11 17 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 15288
11 17 (0.34%) MISRA C
12 13 (0.26%) Def Stans
13 12 (0.24%) DO-254
13 12 (0.24%) ISO 26262
13 12 (0.24%) SAS 70
14 10 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 12207
System Software
1 333 (6.70%) Firmware
2 230 (4.62%) Docker
3 132 (2.65%) Active Directory
4 80 (1.61%) VMware Infrastructure
5 52 (1.05%) VMware ESXi
6 47 (0.95%) vSphere
7 46 (0.92%) VirtualBox
8 29 (0.58%) Hyper-V
9 28 (0.56%) NFS
10 19 (0.38%) Samba
11 18 (0.36%) VMware NSX
12 12 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
12 12 (0.24%) Xen
12 12 (0.24%) XenDesktop
13 11 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
14 9 (0.18%) Snort
15 8 (0.16%) BitLocker
15 8 (0.16%) KVM
16 5 (0.10%) Virtual Servers
16 5 (0.10%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 143 (2.88%) Ansible
2 115 (2.31%) Puppet
3 96 (1.93%) Kubernetes
4 90 (1.81%) Opscode Chef
5 42 (0.84%) HP ALM
6 39 (0.78%) Terraform
7 38 (0.76%) Nagios
8 33 (0.66%) vCenter Server
9 28 (0.56%) HP Quality Center
10 27 (0.54%) Salt
11 19 (0.38%) SCCM
12 18 (0.36%) Nexpose
13 17 (0.34%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 16 (0.32%) Nessus
15 15 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
15 15 (0.30%) SCOM
16 14 (0.28%) QRadar
17 12 (0.24%) SELinux
18 11 (0.22%) EnCase
19 9 (0.18%) FTK
Vendors
1 534 (10.74%) Microsoft
2 281 (5.65%) Oracle
3 160 (3.22%) Google
4 117 (2.35%) VMware
5 98 (1.97%) Cisco
6 88 (1.77%) SAP
7 87 (1.75%) Red Hat
8 84 (1.69%) EMC
9 75 (1.51%) HP
10 69 (1.39%) Atlassian
11 58 (1.17%) NetApp
12 49 (0.99%) Splunk
13 40 (0.80%) IBM
14 39 (0.78%) Citrix
15 32 (0.64%) Salesforce.com
16 27 (0.54%) Xilinx
17 25 (0.50%) Samsung
17 25 (0.50%) Tableau
18 24 (0.48%) SolarWinds
19 23 (0.46%) Adobe