Period
to 23 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 23 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 98 100 92
Rank change year-on-year +2 -8 +6
Permanent jobs citing C 5,280 5,595 5,695
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.20% 3.18% 3.00%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.77% 5.76% 5.69%
Number of salaries quoted 4,039 4,517 4,425
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £83,750 £75,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +11.11%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 91,533 97,160 100,009
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.55% 55.30% 52.74%
Number of salaries quoted 76,138 79,691 86,241
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%

C
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing C.

Salary trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing C over the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

Salary histogram for C in the UK

C
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 5,011 £50,000 +5.26% 1,607
UK excluding London -3 3,640 £47,500 +5.56% 1,395
London +33 1,538 £65,000 +8.33% 338
South East 0 1,269 £50,000 +5.26% 305
South West +28 911 £46,000 +8.24% 200
North of England +22 474 £45,000 +5.88% 265
East of England -25 441 £52,500 +5.00% 258
Midlands -34 355 £45,000 +12.50% 246
North West -11 260 £45,000 - 142
West Midlands -32 230 £45,000 +12.50% 180
Yorkshire +44 174 £45,000 +10.43% 64
East Midlands -28 124 £41,250 +3.13% 66
Scotland -61 102 £47,500 +5.56% 66
Wales +9 59 £42,500 +1.49% 41
North East -5 39 £47,500 +26.67% 59
Northern Ireland +21 30 £50,000 +25.00% 19
Channel Islands - 3 £45,000 -

For the 6 months to 23 October 2018, IT jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for C.

1 2,440 (46.21%) C++
2 1,872 (35.45%) Software Engineering
3 1,619 (30.66%) Python
4 1,476 (27.95%) Java
5 1,383 (26.19%) Degree
6 1,380 (26.14%) Linux
7 1,235 (23.39%) Agile Software Development
8 1,200 (22.73%) C#
9 961 (18.20%) Security Cleared
10 872 (16.52%) SQL
11 862 (16.33%) Finance
12 770 (14.58%) Computer Science
13 753 (14.26%) Windows
14 647 (12.25%) JavaScript
14 647 (12.25%) Microsoft
15 562 (10.64%) Problem-Solving
16 550 (10.42%) DV Cleared
17 491 (9.30%) Mathematics
18 478 (9.05%) Machine Learning
19 477 (9.03%) Embedded C
20 475 (9.00%) SC Cleared
21 453 (8.58%) .NET
21 453 (8.58%) Algorithms
22 441 (8.35%) Analytical Skills
23 435 (8.24%) Scrum
24 423 (8.01%) Test Automation
25 414 (7.84%) HTML
26 402 (7.61%) Multithreading
27 400 (7.58%) Git (software)
28 396 (7.50%) Electronics

C
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 118 (2.23%) Apache
2 99 (1.88%) Apache Spark
3 84 (1.59%) Confluence
4 82 (1.55%) Elasticsearch
5 73 (1.38%) SharePoint
6 56 (1.06%) Apache Pig
7 45 (0.85%) IIS
8 38 (0.72%) JBoss
9 37 (0.70%) Tomcat
10 33 (0.63%) Ethereum
11 26 (0.49%) MS Exchange
12 24 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 20 (0.38%) CMS
13 20 (0.38%) nginx
14 19 (0.36%) WebLogic
15 18 (0.34%) Skype for Business
16 15 (0.28%) SAS
16 15 (0.28%) SharePoint 2013
16 15 (0.28%) WebSphere
17 13 (0.25%) GlassFish
Applications
1 181 (3.43%) Microsoft Office
2 133 (2.52%) Microsoft Excel
3 100 (1.89%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 65 (1.23%) MS Visio
5 40 (0.76%) Microsoft Project
6 35 (0.66%) Simulink
7 27 (0.51%) Photoshop
8 11 (0.21%) Stateflow
9 9 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
10 7 (0.13%) Acrobat
11 6 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 6 (0.11%) TargetLink
12 5 (0.095%) SPSS
13 4 (0.076%) Adobe Illustrator
13 4 (0.076%) AutoCAD
13 4 (0.076%) Chatbot
13 4 (0.076%) InVision
14 3 (0.057%) Maya
15 2 (0.038%) 3ds Max
15 2 (0.038%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 167 (3.16%) Dynamics NAV
2 63 (1.19%) Dynamics CRM
3 18 (0.34%) Ripple
4 12 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
5 11 (0.21%) SAP S/4HANA
6 9 (0.17%) SAP CO
6 9 (0.17%) SAP FI
6 9 (0.17%) SAP FI/CO
7 8 (0.15%) SAP GRC
8 6 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
8 6 (0.11%) Magento
8 6 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
9 5 (0.095%) R3 Corda
9 5 (0.095%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 5 (0.095%) SAP ERP
10 4 (0.076%) Cognos TM1
10 4 (0.076%) NetSuite
10 4 (0.076%) Sage 200
10 4 (0.076%) SAP Business One
10 4 (0.076%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 335 (6.34%) Amazon AWS
2 285 (5.40%) Microsoft Azure
3 110 (2.08%) Office 365
4 108 (2.05%) GitHub
5 79 (1.50%) SaaS
6 64 (1.21%) Cloud Computing
7 61 (1.16%) Google Cloud Platform
8 40 (0.76%) Dynamics 365
9 30 (0.57%) IaaS
9 30 (0.57%) Serverless
10 27 (0.51%) PaaS
11 26 (0.49%) Slack
12 21 (0.40%) G Suite
13 16 (0.30%) Amazon EC2
13 16 (0.30%) AWS Lambda
13 16 (0.30%) Google Analytics
14 14 (0.27%) Apple Pay
14 14 (0.27%) Google Pay
15 13 (0.25%) Amazon S3
16 12 (0.23%) Samsung Pay
Communications & Networking
1 266 (5.04%) TCP/IP
2 192 (3.64%) Firewall
3 147 (2.78%) HTTP
4 134 (2.54%) Internet
5 126 (2.39%) Wireless
6 117 (2.22%) Ethernet
7 100 (1.89%) SSL
8 98 (1.86%) Bluetooth
9 83 (1.57%) Network Security
10 82 (1.55%) RS-232
11 81 (1.53%) LAN
12 78 (1.48%) Wi-Fi
13 77 (1.46%) RS-485
14 71 (1.34%) WAN
15 62 (1.17%) DNS
16 51 (0.97%) SNMP
17 50 (0.95%) VPN
18 39 (0.74%) VoIP
19 36 (0.68%) Intrusion Detection
19 36 (0.68%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 331 (6.27%) Big Data
2 293 (5.55%) SQL Server
3 169 (3.20%) MySQL
4 155 (2.94%) Relational Database
5 147 (2.78%) Hadoop
6 108 (2.05%) NoSQL
7 87 (1.65%) Apache Hive
8 83 (1.57%) Blockchain
8 83 (1.57%) MongoDB
9 72 (1.36%) Apache Cassandra
10 71 (1.34%) PostgreSQL
11 56 (1.06%) RDBMS
12 48 (0.91%) Oracle Database
13 39 (0.74%) DB2
14 33 (0.63%) Data Warehouse
15 30 (0.57%) GIS
16 28 (0.53%) Neo4j
16 28 (0.53%) Redis
17 24 (0.45%) KDB
18 23 (0.44%) Kdb+
Development Applications
1 400 (7.58%) Git (software)
2 263 (4.98%) JIRA
3 252 (4.77%) Jenkins
4 206 (3.90%) Visual Studio
5 167 (3.16%) Subversion
6 158 (2.99%) Selenium
7 129 (2.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 105 (1.99%) Maven
9 92 (1.74%) Bitbucket
10 71 (1.34%) Team Foundation Server
11 61 (1.16%) Robot Framework
12 60 (1.14%) Eclipse
12 60 (1.14%) JUnit
13 58 (1.10%) git-flow
13 58 (1.10%) Rational DOORS
14 56 (1.06%) Cucumber
15 48 (0.91%) TeamCity
16 45 (0.85%) Ant
17 44 (0.83%) CodeSonar
18 39 (0.74%) SoapUI
General
1 862 (16.33%) Finance
2 396 (7.50%) Electronics
3 282 (5.34%) Banking
4 216 (4.09%) Manufacturing
5 197 (3.73%) Automotive
6 194 (3.67%) Retail
7 180 (3.41%) Telecoms
8 171 (3.24%) Marketing
9 144 (2.73%) Games
10 106 (2.01%) Military
11 104 (1.97%) Financial Institution
12 101 (1.91%) Investment Banking
13 97 (1.84%) Advertising
14 91 (1.72%) Aerospace
15 87 (1.65%) Law
16 75 (1.42%) Front Office
17 58 (1.10%) Legal
18 44 (0.83%) Publishing
19 25 (0.47%) Back Office
20 20 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,278 (24.20%) Software Engineer
2 1,129 (21.38%) Developer
3 491 (9.30%) Embedded Engineer
4 394 (7.46%) C++ Software Engineer
5 378 (7.16%) Embedded Software Engineer
6 289 (5.47%) Analyst
6 289 (5.47%) Software Developer
7 286 (5.42%) Senior Software Engineer
8 262 (4.96%) Architect
9 229 (4.34%) Consultant
10 211 (4.00%) Java Developer
11 190 (3.60%) C++ Developer
12 175 (3.31%) Systems Engineer
13 166 (3.14%) Senior Developer
14 163 (3.09%) C Software Engineer
15 161 (3.05%) Graduate
16 133 (2.52%) C Developer
17 130 (2.46%) Java Engineer
18 129 (2.44%) Test Engineer
19 128 (2.42%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 453 (8.58%) .NET
2 414 (7.84%) HTML
3 274 (5.19%) CSS
4 217 (4.11%) AngularJS
4 217 (4.11%) Node.js
5 207 (3.92%) XML
6 176 (3.33%) Web Services
7 164 (3.11%) TensorFlow
8 160 (3.03%) ASP.NET
9 154 (2.92%) Natural Language Processing
9 154 (2.92%) Spring
10 142 (2.69%) STL
11 141 (2.67%) .NET Framework
12 139 (2.63%) REST
13 125 (2.37%) React
14 124 (2.35%) jQuery
15 104 (1.97%) JSON
16 102 (1.93%) HTML5
17 100 (1.89%) Django
18 99 (1.88%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 770 (14.58%) Computer Science
2 453 (8.58%) Algorithms
3 441 (8.35%) Analytical Skills
4 353 (6.69%) Embedded Systems
5 175 (3.31%) Self-Motivation
6 169 (3.20%) Fintech
7 135 (2.56%) Management Information System
8 133 (2.52%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
9 132 (2.50%) Greenfield Project
10 130 (2.46%) User Experience
11 127 (2.41%) Device Driver
12 105 (1.99%) Robotics
13 86 (1.63%) Cyberthreat
14 85 (1.61%) Data Structures
15 81 (1.53%) Data Centre
16 64 (1.21%) VHDL
17 54 (1.02%) Enterprise Software
18 51 (0.97%) Equities
18 51 (0.97%) Mobile App
19 50 (0.95%) Verilog
Operating Systems
1 1,380 (26.14%) Linux
2 753 (14.26%) Windows
3 301 (5.70%) Unix
4 267 (5.06%) Android
5 187 (3.54%) Apple iOS
6 150 (2.84%) Embedded Linux
7 95 (1.80%) Mac OS X
8 87 (1.65%) Windows Server
9 59 (1.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 50 (0.95%) Ubuntu
11 43 (0.81%) CentOS
11 43 (0.81%) Windows 10
12 39 (0.74%) FreeRTOS
12 39 (0.74%) Windows 7
12 39 (0.74%) Windows Server 2008
13 27 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
14 22 (0.42%) Windows Phone
15 21 (0.40%) VxWorks
16 17 (0.32%) Windows Server 2003
17 14 (0.27%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,872 (35.45%) Software Engineering
2 1,235 (23.39%) Agile Software Development
3 562 (10.64%) Problem-Solving
4 491 (9.30%) Mathematics
5 478 (9.05%) Machine Learning
6 435 (8.24%) Scrum
7 423 (8.01%) Test Automation
8 402 (7.61%) Multithreading
9 387 (7.33%) DevOps
10 356 (6.74%) OO
10 356 (6.74%) SDLC
11 354 (6.70%) TDD
12 349 (6.61%) Analytics
13 331 (6.27%) Cybersecurity
14 324 (6.14%) Continuous Integration
15 320 (6.06%) Project Management
16 288 (5.45%) Mentoring
17 271 (5.13%) UML
18 266 (5.04%) Artificial Intelligence
19 217 (4.11%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,440 (46.21%) C++
2 1,619 (30.66%) Python
3 1,476 (27.95%) Java
4 1,200 (22.73%) C#
5 872 (16.52%) SQL
6 647 (12.25%) JavaScript
7 477 (9.03%) Embedded C
8 304 (5.76%) Bash Shell
9 275 (5.21%) Perl
10 224 (4.24%) Ruby
11 216 (4.09%) Embedded C++
12 211 (4.00%) PowerShell
13 182 (3.45%) PHP
14 154 (2.92%) Go
15 147 (2.78%) Scala
16 136 (2.58%) Shell Script
17 122 (2.31%) VB
18 117 (2.22%) Objective-C
19 107 (2.03%) R
20 103 (1.95%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 1,383 (26.19%) Degree
2 961 (18.20%) Security Cleared
3 550 (10.42%) DV Cleared
4 475 (9.00%) SC Cleared
5 267 (5.06%) PhD
6 265 (5.02%) Computer Science Degree
7 129 (2.44%) Cisco Certification
8 124 (2.35%) MPhil
9 121 (2.29%) CCNA
9 121 (2.29%) CISSP
10 103 (1.95%) Microsoft Certification
11 94 (1.78%) Master's Degree
12 93 (1.76%) GIAC
13 85 (1.61%) MCSE
14 83 (1.57%) SANS
15 75 (1.42%) SSCP
16 74 (1.40%) Linux+ Certification
16 74 (1.40%) Network+ Certification
17 72 (1.36%) CompTIA Security+
18 46 (0.87%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 176 (3.33%) QA
2 55 (1.04%) SLA
3 48 (0.91%) MISRA
4 38 (0.72%) PMO
5 34 (0.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 33 (0.63%) GDPR
7 27 (0.51%) DO-178B
8 24 (0.45%) MISRA C
9 21 (0.40%) ISO 26262
9 21 (0.40%) ISO 9001
10 20 (0.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 18 (0.34%) JTAG
12 17 (0.32%) IEC 61508
13 16 (0.30%) SAS 70
14 13 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 15288
15 12 (0.23%) ECSS
16 11 (0.21%) COBIT
17 10 (0.19%) Data Quality
18 9 (0.17%) Def Stans
18 9 (0.17%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 320 (6.06%) Firmware
2 264 (5.00%) Docker
3 122 (2.31%) Active Directory
4 99 (1.88%) VMware Infrastructure
5 72 (1.36%) vSphere
6 49 (0.93%) VMware ESXi
7 36 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
8 35 (0.66%) Hyper-V
9 28 (0.53%) HDFS
10 26 (0.49%) NFS
11 24 (0.45%) Samba
12 23 (0.44%) VirtualBox
13 21 (0.40%) VMware NSX
14 20 (0.38%) Apache Flume
15 18 (0.34%) Xen
16 10 (0.19%) XenApp
17 9 (0.17%) ProxySG
18 8 (0.15%) KVM
19 7 (0.13%) XenDesktop
20 6 (0.11%) Snort
Systems Management
1 178 (3.37%) Puppet
2 152 (2.88%) Ansible
3 117 (2.22%) Kubernetes
4 88 (1.67%) Opscode Chef
5 55 (1.04%) Salt
6 52 (0.98%) Terraform
7 44 (0.83%) Nagios
8 37 (0.70%) vCenter Server
9 29 (0.55%) SCCM
10 24 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
11 22 (0.42%) Kibana
12 21 (0.40%) HP ALM
13 12 (0.23%) HAProxy
13 12 (0.23%) SCOM
14 11 (0.21%) ZABBIX
15 10 (0.19%) Packer
16 9 (0.17%) Cisco Prime
16 9 (0.17%) HP Quality Center
17 8 (0.15%) OpenNMS
18 7 (0.13%) WSUS
Vendors
1 647 (12.25%) Microsoft
2 243 (4.60%) Oracle
3 158 (2.99%) Google
4 143 (2.71%) VMware
5 116 (2.20%) Cisco
6 93 (1.76%) Atlassian
7 79 (1.50%) Red Hat
8 76 (1.44%) EMC
9 68 (1.29%) SAP
10 51 (0.97%) Citrix
11 48 (0.91%) Splunk
12 47 (0.89%) IBM
12 47 (0.89%) NetApp
13 42 (0.80%) Salesforce.com
14 36 (0.68%) Adobe
15 35 (0.66%) Apple
16 34 (0.64%) Tableau
17 32 (0.61%) Cloudera
18 31 (0.59%) Juniper
18 31 (0.59%) SolarWinds