Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C
UK
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 108 123 113
Rank change year-on-year +15 -10 -22
Permanent jobs citing C 5,836 2,994 2,274
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.25% 2.80% 2.88%
As % of the Programming Languages category 6.03% 5.09% 5.19%
Number of salaries quoted 1,812 1,712 1,790
10th Percentile £31,250 £33,750 £32,500
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £80,000 £72,500 £67,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 96,818 58,821 43,800
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.90% 55.04% 55.49%
Number of salaries quoted 44,547 41,753 36,385
10th Percentile £37,000 £33,750 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

C
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing C.

Salary trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing C over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Salary histogram for C in the UK

C
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C within the UK over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +28 5,139 £59,730 +8.60% 649
UK excluding London +32 3,308 £52,500 - 562
Work from Home -10 2,025 £60,000 - 183
London -18 1,891 £73,999 +23.33% 115
South East +76 1,440 £55,000 - 128
East of England +10 532 £55,000 +8.91% 95
Midlands +33 496 £46,000 -3.16% 95
South West -14 397 £50,000 -4.76% 68
West Midlands +43 363 £46,000 +5.75% 58
North of England -89 308 £50,000 -9.09% 146
Yorkshire -31 174 £52,500 -19.23% 51
Scotland -9 153 £55,000 +15.79% 20
East Midlands -12 134 £45,000 -10.00% 37
North West -118 120 £47,500 -5.00% 68
Northern Ireland -39 21 £24,000 -46.67% 3
Wales -33 20 £51,250 +19.88% 7
North East -26 16 £50,000 +58.73% 27

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for C.

1 2,590 (44.38%) C++
2 2,572 (44.07%) Software Engineering
3 2,336 (40.03%) Degree
4 2,243 (38.43%) Agile
5 2,082 (35.68%) Python
6 1,708 (29.27%) Social Skills
7 1,510 (25.87%) Linux
8 1,469 (25.17%) Java
9 1,250 (21.42%) Computer Science
10 1,118 (19.16%) Finance
11 1,065 (18.25%) Software Testing
12 1,036 (17.75%) Problem-Solving
13 960 (16.45%) JavaScript
14 921 (15.78%) C#
15 847 (14.51%) AWS
16 760 (13.02%) Analytical Skills
17 742 (12.71%) SQL
18 738 (12.65%) DevOps
19 730 (12.51%) Mathematics
20 719 (12.32%) CI/CD
21 718 (12.30%) Electronics
22 707 (12.11%) Algorithms
23 666 (11.41%) Inclusion and Diversity
24 656 (11.24%) TDD
25 650 (11.14%) Computer Science Degree
26 644 (11.03%) React
27 632 (10.83%) Continuous Integration
28 615 (10.54%) Analytics
29 599 (10.26%) Artificial Intelligence
30 586 (10.04%) Marketing

C
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 116 (1.99%) Confluence
2 67 (1.15%) Apache
3 64 (1.10%) CMS
4 50 (0.86%) SharePoint
5 44 (0.75%) Apache Airflow
6 29 (0.50%) Apache Pulsar
6 29 (0.50%) Apache Spark
7 27 (0.46%) Ethereum
8 24 (0.41%) Tornado
9 22 (0.38%) MS Exchange
10 16 (0.27%) SAS
10 16 (0.27%) WebLogic
11 14 (0.24%) Jupyter
12 11 (0.19%) Apache Solr
13 10 (0.17%) Drupal
14 9 (0.15%) ArcGIS
14 9 (0.15%) nginx
15 8 (0.14%) Cloud Foundry
16 7 (0.12%) IIS
17 6 (0.10%) OpenStack
Applications
1 229 (3.92%) Microsoft Office
2 210 (3.60%) Microsoft Excel
3 157 (2.69%) Simulink
4 142 (2.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 31 (0.53%) CANalyzer
6 30 (0.51%) Microsoft Project
7 22 (0.38%) SOLIDWORKS
8 21 (0.36%) Stateflow
9 18 (0.31%) TargetLink
10 16 (0.27%) AutoCAD
10 16 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
11 14 (0.24%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 12 (0.21%) MS Visio
13 10 (0.17%) Revit
14 9 (0.15%) Adobe After Effects
14 9 (0.15%) Zemax
15 8 (0.14%) CATIA
16 7 (0.12%) Adobe Premiere
17 5 (0.086%) UXPin
18 4 (0.069%) Autodesk Inventor
Business Applications
1 26 (0.45%) SAP HR
2 23 (0.39%) Shopify
3 21 (0.36%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 20 (0.34%) Teamcenter
5 19 (0.33%) SAP S/4HANA
6 15 (0.26%) Dynamics NAV
7 10 (0.17%) SAP MDG
7 10 (0.17%) Summit
8 9 (0.15%) NetSuite
8 9 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
9 8 (0.14%) Primavera
10 6 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
10 6 (0.10%) Maximo
10 6 (0.10%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 5 (0.086%) Remedy ITSM
12 3 (0.051%) Dynamics AX
12 3 (0.051%) VisionPLUS
13 2 (0.034%) Oracle Applications
13 2 (0.034%) SAP SD
13 2 (0.034%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 847 (14.51%) AWS
2 497 (8.52%) Azure
3 489 (8.38%) GCP
4 368 (6.31%) Serverless
5 210 (3.60%) GitHub
6 203 (3.48%) SaaS
7 126 (2.16%) Power Platform
8 109 (1.87%) Microsoft 365
9 80 (1.37%) Slack
10 74 (1.27%) AWS Lambda
11 68 (1.17%) Heroku
12 61 (1.05%) OpenShift
13 60 (1.03%) Cloud Computing
14 59 (1.01%) GitHub Actions
14 59 (1.01%) PaaS
15 53 (0.91%) Azure DevOps
16 39 (0.67%) Google Analytics
17 38 (0.65%) Amazon S3
18 36 (0.62%) IaaS
19 34 (0.58%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 492 (8.43%) TCP/IP
2 392 (6.72%) HTTP
3 239 (4.10%) Wireless
4 121 (2.07%) Internet
5 99 (1.70%) Wi-Fi
6 61 (1.05%) Broadband
7 53 (0.91%) Modbus
7 53 (0.91%) WAN
8 50 (0.86%) Bluetooth
9 49 (0.84%) Firewall
10 47 (0.81%) DNS
11 44 (0.75%) VoIP
12 42 (0.72%) IPv4
12 42 (0.72%) IPv6
13 41 (0.70%) Ethernet
14 40 (0.69%) RS-485
15 37 (0.63%) 5G
15 37 (0.63%) LAN
16 34 (0.58%) VPN
17 32 (0.55%) J1939
Database & Business Intelligence
1 355 (6.08%) PostgreSQL
2 203 (3.48%) Relational Database
3 193 (3.31%) MongoDB
4 191 (3.27%) NoSQL
5 148 (2.54%) MySQL
6 147 (2.52%) SQL Server
7 121 (2.07%) Power BI
8 86 (1.47%) Big Data
9 73 (1.25%) Redis
10 64 (1.10%) Data Warehouse
11 44 (0.75%) DynamoDB
12 40 (0.69%) Data Lake
13 39 (0.67%) Tableau
14 37 (0.63%) Elasticsearch
15 34 (0.58%) Hadoop
16 32 (0.55%) RDBMS
17 30 (0.51%) DB2
18 28 (0.48%) Data Mining
18 28 (0.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 27 (0.46%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 535 (9.17%) Git (software)
2 505 (8.65%) Jenkins
3 496 (8.50%) JIRA
4 116 (1.99%) GitLab
5 106 (1.82%) Visual Studio
6 73 (1.25%) Rational DOORS
7 61 (1.05%) Gerrit
8 57 (0.98%) Selenium
9 55 (0.94%) Rational Rhapsody
10 52 (0.89%) GCC
11 48 (0.82%) Polyspace
12 45 (0.77%) GDB
13 44 (0.75%) Maven
14 36 (0.62%) LabVIEW
14 36 (0.62%) SonarQube
15 34 (0.58%) JMeter
16 33 (0.57%) TeamCity
17 31 (0.53%) CMake
18 30 (0.51%) Bitbucket
19 29 (0.50%) Xcode
General
1 1,708 (29.27%) Social Skills
2 1,118 (19.16%) Finance
3 760 (13.02%) Analytical Skills
4 718 (12.30%) Electronics
5 666 (11.41%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 586 (10.04%) Marketing
7 422 (7.23%) Automotive
8 379 (6.49%) Legal
9 299 (5.12%) Aviation
10 291 (4.99%) Games
11 280 (4.80%) Banking
12 253 (4.34%) Manufacturing
13 239 (4.10%) Telecoms
14 208 (3.56%) Retail
15 192 (3.29%) Public Sector
16 181 (3.10%) Presentation Skills
17 142 (2.43%) Aerospace
17 142 (2.43%) Influencing Skills
18 129 (2.21%) Law
19 70 (1.20%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,934 (33.14%) Software Engineer
2 782 (13.40%) Embedded Engineer
3 750 (12.85%) Developer
4 681 (11.67%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 425 (7.28%) Graduate
6 373 (6.39%) Analyst
7 327 (5.60%) Senior Software Engineer
8 271 (4.64%) Junior
9 251 (4.30%) Software Developer
10 245 (4.20%) Graduate Software Engineer
11 229 (3.92%) Junior Software Engineer
12 212 (3.63%) Principal Engineer
13 183 (3.14%) Junior Embedded Engineer
14 165 (2.83%) Systems Engineer
15 152 (2.60%) Architect
16 149 (2.55%) Senior Developer
17 146 (2.50%) C++ Software Engineer
18 141 (2.42%) Principal Software Engineer
19 112 (1.92%) Data Analyst
20 111 (1.90%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 644 (11.03%) React
2 528 (9.05%) HTML
3 435 (7.45%) CSS
4 394 (6.75%) AngularJS
5 358 (6.13%) Node.js
6 335 (5.74%) Protocol Buffers
7 311 (5.33%) HTML5
8 272 (4.66%) Vue.js
9 252 (4.32%) CSS3
10 251 (4.30%) .NET
11 237 (4.06%) WPF
12 228 (3.91%) WinForms
13 217 (3.72%) REST
14 147 (2.52%) Kafka
15 127 (2.18%) RESTful
16 106 (1.82%) Spring
17 88 (1.51%) Web Services
17 88 (1.51%) Yocto
18 86 (1.47%) XML
19 83 (1.42%) STL
Miscellaneous
1 707 (12.11%) Algorithms
2 352 (6.03%) Data Structures
3 325 (5.57%) Self-Motivation
4 291 (4.99%) Embedded Systems
5 268 (4.59%) User Experience
6 214 (3.67%) IoT
7 194 (3.32%) Mobile App
8 177 (3.03%) Management Information System
9 135 (2.31%) FPGA
10 129 (2.21%) Blog
11 121 (2.07%) Social Media
12 111 (1.90%) Virtual Team
13 98 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
14 97 (1.66%) ARM Cortex
15 96 (1.64%) Data Centre
16 92 (1.58%) Driving Licence
17 90 (1.54%) NHS
18 85 (1.46%) Cyberattack
19 82 (1.41%) VHDL
20 71 (1.22%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 1,510 (25.87%) Linux
2 413 (7.08%) Windows
3 337 (5.77%) Unix
4 215 (3.68%) Android
5 152 (2.60%) Apple iOS
6 138 (2.36%) Embedded Linux
7 51 (0.87%) Mac OS
8 44 (0.75%) FreeRTOS
8 44 (0.75%) Windows Server
9 29 (0.50%) CentOS
10 27 (0.46%) Windows 10
11 24 (0.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 23 (0.39%) OpenWrt
13 21 (0.36%) VxWorks
14 18 (0.31%) Windows Server 2016
15 14 (0.24%) Kali Linux
16 13 (0.22%) ThreadX
17 11 (0.19%) VMS
17 11 (0.19%) Windows 7
18 10 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,572 (44.07%) Software Engineering
2 2,243 (38.43%) Agile
3 1,250 (21.42%) Computer Science
4 1,065 (18.25%) Software Testing
5 1,036 (17.75%) Problem-Solving
6 738 (12.65%) DevOps
7 730 (12.51%) Mathematics
8 719 (12.32%) CI/CD
9 656 (11.24%) TDD
10 632 (10.83%) Continuous Integration
11 615 (10.54%) Analytics
12 599 (10.26%) Artificial Intelligence
13 575 (9.85%) Test Automation
14 546 (9.36%) Project Management
15 528 (9.05%) Data Science
16 520 (8.91%) Unit Testing
17 512 (8.77%) Continuous Improvement
18 507 (8.69%) Mentoring
19 464 (7.95%) Signal Processing
20 460 (7.88%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 2,590 (44.38%) C++
2 2,082 (35.68%) Python
3 1,469 (25.17%) Java
4 960 (16.45%) JavaScript
5 921 (15.78%) C#
6 742 (12.71%) SQL
7 331 (5.67%) Objective-C
8 319 (5.47%) Go
9 286 (4.90%) MATLAB
10 274 (4.69%) Embedded C
11 244 (4.18%) TypeScript
12 167 (2.86%) R
13 154 (2.64%) Ruby
14 153 (2.62%) Bash
15 143 (2.45%) Perl
16 137 (2.35%) Rust
17 122 (2.09%) PHP
18 106 (1.82%) Apple Swift
19 104 (1.78%) Embedded C++
20 98 (1.68%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 2,336 (40.03%) Degree
2 650 (11.14%) Computer Science Degree
3 313 (5.36%) Security Cleared
4 204 (3.50%) SC Cleared
5 188 (3.22%) PhD
6 109 (1.87%) Master's Degree
7 88 (1.51%) PMI Certification
8 42 (0.72%) ISTQB
9 35 (0.60%) DV Cleared
10 29 (0.50%) Numerate Degree
11 28 (0.48%) MBA
12 25 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
12 25 (0.43%) OSCP
13 24 (0.41%) HND
14 23 (0.39%) DBS Check
15 21 (0.36%) CISSP
16 20 (0.34%) PgMP
17 19 (0.33%) BPSS Clearance
17 19 (0.33%) Six Sigma Black Belt
18 18 (0.31%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 378 (6.48%) QA
2 273 (4.68%) Accessibility
3 128 (2.19%) MISRA
4 83 (1.42%) Automotive SPICE
5 80 (1.37%) SLA
6 68 (1.17%) ISO 26262
7 65 (1.11%) PMO
8 41 (0.70%) Data Quality
9 34 (0.58%) GDPR
10 30 (0.51%) Def Stans
11 29 (0.50%) AUTOSAR
12 26 (0.45%) IEC 61508
13 23 (0.39%) ISO 9001
13 23 (0.39%) MISRA C
14 19 (0.33%) DO-178B
15 17 (0.29%) PCI DSS
16 16 (0.27%) JTAG
17 15 (0.26%) NEBOSH
18 13 (0.22%) IEC 62304
19 10 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 368 (6.31%) Firmware
2 330 (5.65%) Docker
3 80 (1.37%) Active Directory
4 69 (1.18%) VMware Infrastructure
5 60 (1.03%) Virtual Machines
6 26 (0.45%) Hyper-V
7 12 (0.21%) Kamailio
7 12 (0.21%) OpenSIPS
8 11 (0.19%) LXC
9 8 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 7 (0.12%) vSphere
11 6 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
11 6 (0.10%) zsh
12 5 (0.086%) Ceph
12 5 (0.086%) Lustre
13 4 (0.069%) Xen
14 3 (0.051%) NFS
15 2 (0.034%) Slurm Workload Manager
15 2 (0.034%) XenApp
16 1 (0.017%) Citrix Hypervisor
Systems Management
1 292 (5.00%) Kubernetes
2 143 (2.45%) Terraform
3 103 (1.76%) Ansible
4 39 (0.67%) Puppet
5 22 (0.38%) Grafana
6 21 (0.36%) SCCM
7 18 (0.31%) Microsoft Intune
7 18 (0.31%) Opscode Chef
8 13 (0.22%) WSUS
9 9 (0.15%) FortiGate
9 9 (0.15%) Kustomize
10 8 (0.14%) Nagios
10 8 (0.14%) Proxmox
10 8 (0.14%) SCOM
11 6 (0.10%) HP Quality Center
11 6 (0.10%) vCenter Server
11 6 (0.10%) ZABBIX
12 5 (0.086%) BMC PATROL
12 5 (0.086%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
12 5 (0.086%) Packer
Vendors
1 582 (9.97%) Microsoft
2 290 (4.97%) Google
3 184 (3.15%) Oracle
4 121 (2.07%) SAP
5 96 (1.64%) Salesforce.com
6 89 (1.53%) VMware
7 88 (1.51%) Facebook
8 79 (1.35%) IBM
9 72 (1.23%) Workday
10 58 (0.99%) Red Hat
11 55 (0.94%) AppDynamics
12 49 (0.84%) CrowdStrike
12 49 (0.84%) Okta
13 48 (0.82%) Apple
14 46 (0.79%) Splunk
15 43 (0.74%) Adobe
16 39 (0.67%) New Relic
17 32 (0.55%) TikTok
18 31 (0.53%) ServiceNow
19 30 (0.51%) Alteryx