Period
to 21 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 21 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 117 113 96
Rank change year-on-year -4 -17 +8
Permanent jobs citing C 3,762 1,795 4,092
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.93% 2.84% 3.24%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.52% 4.90% 5.99%
Number of salaries quoted 1,875 1,356 3,246
10th Percentile £36,750 £36,250 £31,250
25th Percentile £46,000 £42,500 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +15.00% -
75th Percentile £75,625 £73,750 £65,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £78,125
UK excluding London median annual salary £54,250 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +8.50% - +5.26%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 68,095 36,656 68,356
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 52.98% 58.02% 54.11%
Number of salaries quoted 44,444 31,247 56,913
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £31,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £72,500 £71,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -

C
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing C.

Salary trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing C over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Salary histogram for C in the UK

C
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +10 3,354 £60,000 +4.35% 911
UK excluding London +6 2,300 £54,250 +8.50% 763
London -28 1,064 £75,000 +7.14% 211
South East +37 887 £55,000 +4.76% 183
Work from Home +10 641 £65,000 +4.00% 154
East of England +37 448 £52,500 +5.00% 110
North of England -35 320 £55,000 +10.00% 178
South West -20 295 £52,500 - 113
Midlands -42 245 £50,000 - 117
North West 0 162 £52,000 +9.47% 76
West Midlands -16 159 £55,000 +19.57% 65
Yorkshire -29 144 £63,750 +15.91% 64
Scotland -74 91 £50,000 +5.26% 44
East Midlands -46 87 £47,500 -5.00% 52
Wales -36 23 £55,000 +29.41% 16
North East -32 14 £57,500 +27.78% 38
Northern Ireland -45 8 £75,000 +50.00% 4

For the 6 months to 21 January 2022, IT jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for C.

1 1,652 (43.91%) C++
2 1,387 (36.87%) Agile Software Development
3 1,378 (36.63%) Software Engineering
4 1,280 (34.02%) Python
5 1,161 (30.86%) Social Skills
6 1,097 (29.16%) Degree
7 895 (23.79%) Linux
8 843 (22.41%) Java
9 741 (19.70%) C#
10 730 (19.40%) Computer Science
11 712 (18.93%) Problem-Solving
12 636 (16.91%) Finance
13 593 (15.76%) DevOps
14 580 (15.42%) JavaScript
15 567 (15.07%) Azure
16 551 (14.65%) SQL
17 537 (14.27%) AWS
18 486 (12.92%) Analytical Skills
19 454 (12.07%) Algorithms
20 438 (11.64%) Mentoring
21 430 (11.43%) CI/CD
22 429 (11.40%) Mathematics
23 428 (11.38%) Test Automation
24 412 (10.95%) Analytics
25 401 (10.66%) Microsoft
26 370 (9.84%) Risk Management
27 364 (9.68%) Scrum
28 359 (9.54%) TDD
29 345 (9.17%) Firmware
30 332 (8.83%) Software Testing

C
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 106 (2.82%) Confluence
2 51 (1.36%) Apache
3 45 (1.20%) Apache Spark
4 42 (1.12%) SharePoint
5 21 (0.56%) CMS
6 16 (0.43%) IIS
7 13 (0.35%) Apache Pulsar
7 13 (0.35%) SAS
8 12 (0.32%) Elasticsearch
9 11 (0.29%) nginx
10 9 (0.24%) Cloud Foundry
10 9 (0.24%) JBoss
10 9 (0.24%) WebLogic
11 8 (0.21%) MS Exchange
11 8 (0.21%) Tomcat
12 7 (0.19%) ArcGIS
12 7 (0.19%) OpenROAD
12 7 (0.19%) WinCC
13 6 (0.16%) Ethereum
13 6 (0.16%) IBM HTTP Server
Applications
1 169 (4.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 109 (2.90%) Microsoft Office
3 82 (2.18%) Simulink
4 52 (1.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 17 (0.45%) SOLIDWORKS
6 13 (0.35%) AutoCAD
7 12 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
7 12 (0.32%) Stateflow
8 10 (0.27%) Revit
9 9 (0.24%) Windchill
10 8 (0.21%) Chatbot
10 8 (0.21%) InDesign
11 7 (0.19%) MS Visio
12 4 (0.11%) SPSS
12 4 (0.11%) Stata
13 3 (0.080%) OmniGraffle
13 3 (0.080%) Photoshop
13 3 (0.080%) Spreadsheet
14 2 (0.053%) Sketch
15 1 (0.027%) Autodesk Inventor
Business Applications
1 23 (0.61%) SAP S/4HANA
2 20 (0.53%) Dynamics NAV
3 16 (0.43%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 12 (0.32%) SAP SD
5 8 (0.21%) Adobe Campaign
5 8 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 7 (0.19%) Magento
6 7 (0.19%) NetSuite
6 7 (0.19%) SAP MDG
6 7 (0.19%) Shopify
7 6 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
7 6 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
7 6 (0.16%) Maximo
8 5 (0.13%) SAP CRM
9 3 (0.080%) Oracle Retail
9 3 (0.080%) SAP MDM
9 3 (0.080%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 3 (0.080%) Teamcenter
10 2 (0.053%) Infor M3
10 2 (0.053%) JDE EnterpriseOne
Cloud Services
1 567 (15.07%) Azure
2 537 (14.27%) AWS
3 231 (6.14%) Serverless
4 201 (5.34%) GCP
5 162 (4.31%) SaaS
6 97 (2.58%) Cloud Computing
6 97 (2.58%) OpenShift
7 86 (2.29%) GitHub
8 77 (2.05%) Microsoft 365
9 55 (1.46%) Power Platform
10 45 (1.20%) PaaS
11 35 (0.93%) AWS Lambda
12 25 (0.66%) IaaS
13 22 (0.58%) AWS CloudFormation
14 21 (0.56%) Amazon S3
15 20 (0.53%) Slack
16 18 (0.48%) Heroku
17 17 (0.45%) Firebase
18 16 (0.43%) Datadog
18 16 (0.43%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 243 (6.46%) TCP/IP
2 156 (4.15%) Wireless
3 120 (3.19%) Wi-Fi
4 102 (2.71%) Ethernet
5 92 (2.45%) Broadband
6 88 (2.34%) HTTP
7 83 (2.21%) Bluetooth
8 80 (2.13%) Internet
9 69 (1.83%) VoIP
10 68 (1.81%) MQTT
11 61 (1.62%) Firewall
12 59 (1.57%) Modbus
13 48 (1.28%) DVB
14 39 (1.04%) DNS
15 36 (0.96%) RS-485
16 33 (0.88%) HTTPS
17 30 (0.80%) WAN
18 27 (0.72%) Profibus
18 27 (0.72%) RS-422
19 26 (0.69%) MIMO
Database & Business Intelligence
1 185 (4.92%) PostgreSQL
2 165 (4.39%) SQL Server
3 105 (2.79%) MySQL
4 91 (2.42%) Relational Database
5 88 (2.34%) Big Data
6 83 (2.21%) NoSQL
7 73 (1.94%) MongoDB
8 62 (1.65%) Tableau
9 54 (1.44%) Power BI
10 44 (1.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 36 (0.96%) Hadoop
12 35 (0.93%) Blockchain
13 33 (0.88%) Data Warehouse
13 33 (0.88%) Oracle Database
14 32 (0.85%) Redis
15 29 (0.77%) GIS
16 28 (0.74%) Data Lake
17 27 (0.72%) Data Mining
18 22 (0.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 19 (0.51%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 293 (7.79%) Jenkins
2 240 (6.38%) JIRA
3 233 (6.19%) Git (software)
4 91 (2.42%) Visual Studio
5 61 (1.62%) Selenium
6 57 (1.52%) GitLab
7 48 (1.28%) Bitbucket
8 47 (1.25%) CircleCI
8 47 (1.25%) Subversion
9 36 (0.96%) JMeter
10 28 (0.74%) Postman
10 28 (0.74%) Rational Rhapsody
11 27 (0.72%) NeoLoad
12 26 (0.69%) CMake
12 26 (0.69%) Team Foundation Server
13 23 (0.61%) GNU Toolchain
14 22 (0.58%) Cucumber
14 22 (0.58%) LoadRunner
14 22 (0.58%) SpecFlow
15 19 (0.51%) GCC
General
1 1,161 (30.86%) Social Skills
2 636 (16.91%) Finance
3 486 (12.92%) Analytical Skills
4 276 (7.34%) Electronics
5 205 (5.45%) Marketing
6 167 (4.44%) Public Sector
7 159 (4.23%) Retail
8 137 (3.64%) Influencing Skills
9 129 (3.43%) Automotive
10 123 (3.27%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 122 (3.24%) Telecoms
12 115 (3.06%) Banking
13 107 (2.84%) Presentation Skills
14 104 (2.76%) Manufacturing
15 95 (2.53%) Aerospace
16 92 (2.45%) Games
17 72 (1.91%) Legal
18 70 (1.86%) Front Office
19 50 (1.33%) Military
20 48 (1.28%) Law
Job Titles
1 969 (25.76%) Software Engineer
2 596 (15.84%) Developer
3 421 (11.19%) Embedded Engineer
4 316 (8.40%) Senior Software Engineer
5 310 (8.24%) Embedded Software Engineer
6 269 (7.15%) Analyst
7 198 (5.26%) Architect
8 165 (4.39%) C++ Software Engineer
9 132 (3.51%) Software Developer
10 99 (2.63%) C Software Engineer
11 98 (2.60%) Senior Developer
12 96 (2.55%) Junior
13 90 (2.39%) Consultant
14 87 (2.31%) C/C++ Software Engineer
15 86 (2.29%) Linux Engineer
16 81 (2.15%) Firmware Engineer
17 77 (2.05%) Graduate
17 77 (2.05%) Pricing Analyst
18 74 (1.97%) Analyst Developer
18 74 (1.97%) Electronics Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 321 (8.53%) React
2 262 (6.96%) HTML
3 187 (4.97%) .NET
4 183 (4.86%) Node.js
5 175 (4.65%) CSS
6 165 (4.39%) AngularJS
7 159 (4.23%) REST
8 115 (3.06%) HTML5
9 106 (2.82%) Velocity
10 98 (2.60%) Spring
11 87 (2.31%) Java EE
12 83 (2.21%) Middleware
13 79 (2.10%) Spring Boot
14 77 (2.05%) XML
15 75 (1.99%) Yocto
16 74 (1.97%) JSON
17 72 (1.91%) CSS3
18 70 (1.86%) Kafka
19 67 (1.78%) TensorFlow
19 67 (1.78%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 454 (12.07%) Algorithms
2 279 (7.42%) User Experience
3 259 (6.88%) Self-Motivation
4 219 (5.82%) Data Structures
5 207 (5.50%) Embedded Systems
6 189 (5.02%) Management Information System
7 162 (4.31%) Mobile App
8 116 (3.08%) Virtual Team
9 109 (2.90%) FPGA
10 91 (2.42%) Device Driver
11 90 (2.39%) Social Media
12 79 (2.10%) Client/Server
12 79 (2.10%) Renewable Energy
13 73 (1.94%) NHS
14 62 (1.65%) Derivative
15 54 (1.44%) Equities
15 54 (1.44%) Life Science
16 51 (1.36%) Fixed Income
17 49 (1.30%) Greenfield Project
18 48 (1.28%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 895 (23.79%) Linux
2 294 (7.81%) Windows
3 174 (4.63%) Unix
4 169 (4.49%) Android
5 103 (2.74%) Embedded Linux
6 63 (1.67%) CentOS
7 56 (1.49%) Apple iOS
8 37 (0.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 22 (0.58%) FreeRTOS
9 22 (0.58%) OpenWrt
9 22 (0.58%) Windows Server
10 21 (0.56%) Windows 10
11 18 (0.48%) Mac OS
11 18 (0.48%) ThreadX
12 17 (0.45%) Robot Operating System
12 17 (0.45%) VxWorks
13 15 (0.40%) VMS
13 15 (0.40%) Windows Embedded Compact
14 12 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
15 11 (0.29%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,387 (36.87%) Agile Software Development
2 1,378 (36.63%) Software Engineering
3 730 (19.40%) Computer Science
4 712 (18.93%) Problem-Solving
5 593 (15.76%) DevOps
6 438 (11.64%) Mentoring
7 430 (11.43%) CI/CD
8 429 (11.40%) Mathematics
9 428 (11.38%) Test Automation
10 412 (10.95%) Analytics
11 370 (9.84%) Risk Management
12 364 (9.68%) Scrum
13 359 (9.54%) TDD
14 332 (8.83%) Continuous Integration
14 332 (8.83%) Software Testing
15 288 (7.66%) OO
15 288 (7.66%) Project Management
16 254 (6.75%) Data Science
17 249 (6.62%) Artificial Intelligence
18 240 (6.38%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 1,652 (43.91%) C++
2 1,280 (34.02%) Python
3 843 (22.41%) Java
4 741 (19.70%) C#
5 580 (15.42%) JavaScript
6 551 (14.65%) SQL
7 274 (7.28%) Embedded C
8 214 (5.69%) Go
9 185 (4.92%) MATLAB
10 175 (4.65%) TypeScript
11 133 (3.54%) R
12 131 (3.48%) Perl
13 124 (3.30%) Bash
14 117 (3.11%) Shell Script
15 106 (2.82%) Embedded C++
16 96 (2.55%) PHP
17 81 (2.15%) Ruby
18 74 (1.97%) Objective-C
19 63 (1.67%) Assembly Language
20 58 (1.54%) Rust
Qualifications
1 1,097 (29.16%) Degree
2 273 (7.26%) Computer Science Degree
3 258 (6.86%) Security Cleared
4 195 (5.18%) SC Cleared
5 116 (3.08%) PhD
6 92 (2.45%) Master's Degree
7 87 (2.31%) HND
8 67 (1.78%) DV Cleared
9 66 (1.75%) DBS Check
10 47 (1.25%) CISSP
11 37 (0.98%) CISM
11 37 (0.98%) HNC
12 26 (0.69%) ISTQB
12 26 (0.69%) PMI Certification
13 18 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
14 17 (0.45%) CRISC
15 16 (0.43%) BPSS Clearance
16 15 (0.40%) CESG Certified Professional
17 13 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
18 10 (0.27%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 254 (6.75%) QA
2 80 (2.13%) MISRA
3 75 (1.99%) Accessibility
4 50 (1.33%) Def Stans
5 40 (1.06%) ISO 26262
6 33 (0.88%) IEC 61508
6 33 (0.88%) ISO 9001
7 32 (0.85%) PMO
8 28 (0.74%) SLA
9 25 (0.66%) GDPR
10 22 (0.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 21 (0.56%) NIST
12 20 (0.53%) Data Quality
13 19 (0.51%) IEC 62304
14 17 (0.45%) DO-178B
15 16 (0.43%) Good Clinical Practice
16 13 (0.35%) PCI DSS
17 10 (0.27%) ISO 13485
18 9 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials
19 8 (0.21%) MISRA C
System Software
1 345 (9.17%) Firmware
2 195 (5.18%) Docker
3 51 (1.36%) Active Directory
3 51 (1.36%) VMware Infrastructure
4 33 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (0.24%) Hyper-V
5 9 (0.24%) vSphere
6 7 (0.19%) NFS
6 7 (0.19%) VirtualBox
6 7 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
7 6 (0.16%) Kamailio
7 6 (0.16%) OpenSIPS
8 5 (0.13%) LXC
8 5 (0.13%) Terminal Services
9 4 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 4 (0.11%) VMware NSX
9 4 (0.11%) Xen
9 4 (0.11%) XenApp
10 3 (0.080%) Ceph
10 3 (0.080%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 199 (5.29%) Ansible
2 187 (4.97%) Kubernetes
3 119 (3.16%) Terraform
4 77 (2.05%) Puppet
5 66 (1.75%) Opscode Chef
6 50 (1.33%) BMC PATROL
7 26 (0.69%) Kibana
8 24 (0.64%) Grafana
9 19 (0.51%) Nagios
10 14 (0.37%) Graylog
11 13 (0.35%) Prometheus
12 11 (0.29%) ZABBIX
13 10 (0.27%) SCCM
14 9 (0.24%) Nessus
14 9 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
15 8 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
15 8 (0.21%) Microsoft Intune
15 8 (0.21%) PTC Integrity
16 7 (0.19%) vCenter Server
17 6 (0.16%) SCOM
Vendors
1 401 (10.66%) Microsoft
2 198 (5.26%) Oracle
3 121 (3.22%) Red Hat
4 97 (2.58%) Google
5 94 (2.50%) SAP
6 82 (2.18%) VMware
7 81 (2.15%) IBM
8 49 (1.30%) NEC
8 49 (1.30%) Northgate
9 47 (1.25%) Cisco
10 45 (1.20%) EMC
11 44 (1.17%) Salesforce.com
12 39 (1.04%) BISAM
13 30 (0.80%) Siemens
13 30 (0.80%) Splunk
13 30 (0.80%) Workday
14 25 (0.66%) AppDynamics
14 25 (0.66%) YouTube
15 24 (0.64%) HP
16 23 (0.61%) Spotify