Period
to 11 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 11 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C
UK
6 months to
11 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 100 101 97
Rank change year-on-year +1 -4 +1
Permanent jobs citing C 4,901 5,719 5,547
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.07% 3.18% 3.00%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.59% 5.77% 5.66%
Number of salaries quoted 3,726 4,578 4,354
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,000 £29,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £75,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 87,730 99,180 98,038
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.93% 55.20% 53.04%
Number of salaries quoted 72,842 81,926 84,420
UK median annual salary £51,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,250 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

C
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing C.

Salary trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing C over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Salary histogram for C in the UK

C
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C within the UK over the 6 months to 11 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 4,615 £50,000 - 1,435
UK excluding London -4 3,370 £47,500 +5.56% 1,196
London +20 1,434 £65,000 +8.33% 325
South East +5 1,179 £50,000 +1.01% 285
South West +35 775 £45,000 - 215
North of England -2 414 £45,000 +3.45% 212
East of England -36 409 £52,500 +5.00% 227
Midlands -10 388 £45,000 +7.14% 176
West Midlands -24 251 £45,000 +5.88% 113
North West -50 212 £42,250 -6.11% 136
Yorkshire +62 165 £45,000 +12.50% 53
East Midlands +10 136 £45,000 +10.09% 63
Scotland -30 115 £45,000 +3.45% 48
Wales -1 65 £42,500 - 21
North East -14 37 £47,500 +18.75% 23
Northern Ireland -8 33 £50,000 +25.00% 9
Channel Islands - 2 £43,750 - 8

For the 6 months to 11 December 2018, IT jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for C.

1 2,302 (46.97%) C++
2 1,788 (36.48%) Software Engineering
3 1,548 (31.59%) Python
4 1,428 (29.14%) Java
5 1,340 (27.34%) Degree
6 1,254 (25.59%) Linux
7 1,182 (24.12%) Agile Software Development
8 1,151 (23.49%) C#
9 781 (15.94%) SQL
10 773 (15.77%) Security Cleared
11 699 (14.26%) Finance
12 695 (14.18%) Computer Science
13 635 (12.96%) JavaScript
14 627 (12.79%) Windows
15 572 (11.67%) Microsoft
16 529 (10.79%) Problem-Solving
17 479 (9.77%) Machine Learning
18 474 (9.67%) Mathematics
19 432 (8.81%) Embedded C
20 421 (8.59%) DV Cleared
21 409 (8.35%) Test Automation
22 399 (8.14%) SC Cleared
23 393 (8.02%) HTML
24 392 (8.00%) Analytical Skills
25 389 (7.94%) .NET
26 371 (7.57%) Algorithms
27 364 (7.43%) Electronics
28 362 (7.39%) Amazon AWS
29 356 (7.26%) Scrum
30 350 (7.14%) TDD

C
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 125 (2.55%) Apache
2 93 (1.90%) Apache Spark
3 72 (1.47%) Confluence
4 71 (1.45%) SharePoint
5 69 (1.41%) Elasticsearch
6 52 (1.06%) IIS
7 45 (0.92%) Apache Pig
8 39 (0.80%) Tomcat
9 33 (0.67%) JBoss
10 31 (0.63%) MS Exchange
11 24 (0.49%) Ethereum
11 24 (0.49%) WebLogic
12 16 (0.33%) CMS
13 15 (0.31%) GlassFish
13 15 (0.31%) OpenStack
13 15 (0.31%) SharePoint 2013
14 14 (0.29%) nginx
14 14 (0.29%) WebSphere
15 13 (0.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 11 (0.22%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 183 (3.73%) Microsoft Office
2 126 (2.57%) Microsoft Excel
3 107 (2.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 66 (1.35%) MS Visio
5 53 (1.08%) Microsoft Project
6 27 (0.55%) Photoshop
7 21 (0.43%) Simulink
8 12 (0.24%) Snapchat
9 7 (0.14%) Acrobat
9 7 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 7 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
10 6 (0.12%) InVision
10 6 (0.12%) SOLIDWORKS
10 6 (0.12%) Stateflow
11 4 (0.082%) AutoCAD
11 4 (0.082%) Chatbot
11 4 (0.082%) Maya
12 3 (0.061%) 3ds Max
12 3 (0.061%) SPSS
13 2 (0.041%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 97 (1.98%) Dynamics NAV
2 61 (1.24%) Dynamics CRM
3 14 (0.29%) Ripple
4 12 (0.24%) SAP S/4HANA
5 11 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
6 7 (0.14%) LatentZero
6 7 (0.14%) thinkFolio
7 6 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
7 6 (0.12%) Magento
7 6 (0.12%) Teamcenter
8 5 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
8 5 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 5 (0.10%) SAP GRC
9 4 (0.082%) Cognos TM1
9 4 (0.082%) NetSuite
9 4 (0.082%) Sage 200
9 4 (0.082%) SAP CO
9 4 (0.082%) SAP FI
9 4 (0.082%) SAP FI/CO
10 3 (0.061%) JDE EnterpriseOne
Cloud Services
1 362 (7.39%) Amazon AWS
2 275 (5.61%) Microsoft Azure
3 109 (2.22%) GitHub
4 102 (2.08%) Office 365
5 89 (1.82%) Google Cloud Platform
6 83 (1.69%) SaaS
7 63 (1.29%) Cloud Computing
8 38 (0.78%) Serverless
9 34 (0.69%) IaaS
10 32 (0.65%) Dynamics 365
11 28 (0.57%) PaaS
12 25 (0.51%) Amazon EC2
13 22 (0.45%) AWS Lambda
14 20 (0.41%) G Suite
15 16 (0.33%) Amazon S3
16 10 (0.20%) Azure Data Factory
16 10 (0.20%) Force.com
16 10 (0.20%) Google Analytics
16 10 (0.20%) iTunes
16 10 (0.20%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 249 (5.08%) TCP/IP
2 170 (3.47%) Internet
3 164 (3.35%) Firewall
4 146 (2.98%) Wireless
5 116 (2.37%) HTTP
5 116 (2.37%) RS-485
6 100 (2.04%) Bluetooth
7 77 (1.57%) LAN
8 76 (1.55%) Ethernet
9 74 (1.51%) SSL
10 72 (1.47%) RS-232
11 71 (1.45%) Network Security
12 67 (1.37%) Modbus
13 65 (1.33%) WAN
14 64 (1.31%) Wi-Fi
15 60 (1.22%) DNS
16 41 (0.84%) VPN
17 38 (0.78%) SNMP
18 37 (0.75%) Intrusion Detection
19 36 (0.73%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 286 (5.84%) Big Data
2 255 (5.20%) SQL Server
3 158 (3.22%) MySQL
4 135 (2.75%) Relational Database
5 128 (2.61%) Hadoop
6 109 (2.22%) NoSQL
7 81 (1.65%) MongoDB
8 74 (1.51%) PostgreSQL
9 69 (1.41%) Apache Cassandra
10 62 (1.27%) Apache Hive
11 52 (1.06%) Blockchain
12 51 (1.04%) Oracle Database
13 38 (0.78%) RDBMS
14 35 (0.71%) Data Warehouse
15 25 (0.51%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 24 (0.49%) KDB
16 24 (0.49%) Neo4j
16 24 (0.49%) Redis
17 23 (0.47%) Kdb+
18 22 (0.45%) HBase
Development Applications
1 348 (7.10%) Git (software)
2 235 (4.79%) JIRA
3 229 (4.67%) Jenkins
4 209 (4.26%) Visual Studio
5 138 (2.82%) Selenium
6 137 (2.80%) Maven
7 135 (2.75%) Subversion
8 96 (1.96%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 79 (1.61%) Robot Framework
10 75 (1.53%) Bitbucket
10 75 (1.53%) Team Foundation Server
11 54 (1.10%) Eclipse
12 50 (1.02%) TeamCity
13 48 (0.98%) git-flow
14 46 (0.94%) JUnit
15 42 (0.86%) Cucumber
15 42 (0.86%) LabVIEW
15 42 (0.86%) Rational DOORS
16 39 (0.80%) SoapUI
17 37 (0.75%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 699 (14.26%) Finance
2 364 (7.43%) Electronics
3 232 (4.73%) Manufacturing
4 224 (4.57%) Banking
5 204 (4.16%) Telecoms
6 200 (4.08%) Automotive
7 197 (4.02%) Marketing
8 173 (3.53%) Retail
9 143 (2.92%) Games
10 81 (1.65%) Aerospace
11 79 (1.61%) Military
12 55 (1.12%) Advertising
13 51 (1.04%) Front Office
14 50 (1.02%) Law
15 49 (1.00%) Legal
15 49 (1.00%) Publishing
16 48 (0.98%) Financial Institution
17 44 (0.90%) Investment Banking
18 32 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
19 21 (0.43%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,249 (25.48%) Software Engineer
2 969 (19.77%) Developer
3 498 (10.16%) Embedded Engineer
4 393 (8.02%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 354 (7.22%) C++ Software Engineer
6 273 (5.57%) Senior Software Engineer
6 273 (5.57%) Software Developer
7 267 (5.45%) Analyst
8 256 (5.22%) Architect
9 203 (4.14%) Consultant
10 158 (3.22%) C Software Engineer
11 155 (3.16%) Test Engineer
12 151 (3.08%) Java Developer
13 150 (3.06%) Systems Engineer
14 144 (2.94%) C++ Developer
15 140 (2.86%) Linux Engineer
16 132 (2.69%) Graduate
17 126 (2.57%) Senior Developer
18 124 (2.53%) C Developer
18 124 (2.53%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 393 (8.02%) HTML
2 389 (7.94%) .NET
3 262 (5.35%) CSS
4 200 (4.08%) AngularJS
5 195 (3.98%) XML
6 178 (3.63%) TensorFlow
7 174 (3.55%) Node.js
7 174 (3.55%) Web Services
8 154 (3.14%) Spring
9 138 (2.82%) ASP.NET
10 137 (2.80%) Natural Language Processing
11 130 (2.65%) REST
12 118 (2.41%) .NET Framework
13 113 (2.31%) HTML5
14 110 (2.24%) JSON
15 109 (2.22%) React
15 109 (2.22%) STL
16 102 (2.08%) RESTful
17 88 (1.80%) Django
18 85 (1.73%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 392 (8.00%) Analytical Skills
2 371 (7.57%) Algorithms
3 341 (6.96%) Embedded Systems
4 174 (3.55%) Self-Motivation
5 165 (3.37%) Management Information System
6 143 (2.92%) Fintech
7 140 (2.86%) Device Driver
8 124 (2.53%) Greenfield Project
9 122 (2.49%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
10 120 (2.45%) User Experience
11 109 (2.22%) Robotics
12 82 (1.67%) Data Centre
13 74 (1.51%) CAN bus
14 63 (1.29%) Data Structures
15 62 (1.27%) VHDL
16 61 (1.24%) Driving Licence
17 48 (0.98%) Internet of Things
18 44 (0.90%) Enterprise Software
19 43 (0.88%) Social Media
20 42 (0.86%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 1,254 (25.59%) Linux
2 627 (12.79%) Windows
3 268 (5.47%) Android
4 219 (4.47%) Unix
5 195 (3.98%) Apple iOS
6 143 (2.92%) Embedded Linux
7 83 (1.69%) Windows Server
8 66 (1.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 65 (1.33%) Mac OS X
10 61 (1.24%) FreeRTOS
10 61 (1.24%) Ubuntu
11 45 (0.92%) Windows 10
12 36 (0.73%) CentOS
13 32 (0.65%) Windows Server 2008
14 31 (0.63%) Windows 7
15 28 (0.57%) Windows Server 2012
16 23 (0.47%) Fedora
16 23 (0.47%) VxWorks
17 18 (0.37%) Robot Operating System
18 16 (0.33%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,788 (36.48%) Software Engineering
2 1,182 (24.12%) Agile Software Development
3 695 (14.18%) Computer Science
4 529 (10.79%) Problem-Solving
5 479 (9.77%) Machine Learning
6 474 (9.67%) Mathematics
7 409 (8.35%) Test Automation
8 356 (7.26%) Scrum
9 350 (7.14%) TDD
10 347 (7.08%) DevOps
11 342 (6.98%) Multithreading
12 336 (6.86%) Cybersecurity
13 329 (6.71%) Analytics
14 323 (6.59%) OO
15 312 (6.37%) Project Management
16 295 (6.02%) Continuous Integration
17 287 (5.86%) Artificial Intelligence
18 280 (5.71%) Mentoring
19 279 (5.69%) SDLC
20 276 (5.63%) Systems Engineering
Programming Languages
1 2,302 (46.97%) C++
2 1,548 (31.59%) Python
3 1,428 (29.14%) Java
4 1,151 (23.49%) C#
5 781 (15.94%) SQL
6 635 (12.96%) JavaScript
7 432 (8.81%) Embedded C
8 290 (5.92%) Bash Shell
9 236 (4.82%) Perl
10 220 (4.49%) Ruby
11 200 (4.08%) PowerShell
12 179 (3.65%) Embedded C++
13 178 (3.63%) Go
14 155 (3.16%) PHP
15 139 (2.84%) Scala
16 122 (2.49%) VB
17 116 (2.37%) Shell Script
18 99 (2.02%) MATLAB
18 99 (2.02%) R
19 89 (1.82%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 1,340 (27.34%) Degree
2 773 (15.77%) Security Cleared
3 421 (8.59%) DV Cleared
4 399 (8.14%) SC Cleared
5 238 (4.86%) Computer Science Degree
6 220 (4.49%) PhD
7 115 (2.35%) CISSP
8 110 (2.24%) MPhil
9 103 (2.10%) Cisco Certification
10 95 (1.94%) CCNA
11 89 (1.82%) Microsoft Certification
12 82 (1.67%) SANS
13 81 (1.65%) GIAC
14 74 (1.51%) MCSE
15 65 (1.33%) Master's Degree
16 61 (1.24%) SSCP
17 58 (1.18%) CompTIA Security+
17 58 (1.18%) Linux+ Certification
17 58 (1.18%) Network+ Certification
18 43 (0.88%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 205 (4.18%) QA
2 58 (1.18%) SLA
3 54 (1.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 39 (0.80%) PMO
5 33 (0.67%) GDPR
6 30 (0.61%) MISRA
7 21 (0.43%) DO-178B
7 21 (0.43%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 20 (0.41%) ISO 26262
8 20 (0.41%) JTAG
9 16 (0.33%) SAS 70
10 15 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 15288
11 14 (0.29%) ISO 9001
11 14 (0.29%) MISRA C
12 11 (0.22%) COBIT
12 11 (0.22%) ISO 13485
13 10 (0.20%) PCI DSS
14 9 (0.18%) ECSS
14 9 (0.18%) NIST 800
15 8 (0.16%) IEC 61508
System Software
1 327 (6.67%) Firmware
2 255 (5.20%) Docker
3 109 (2.22%) Active Directory
4 76 (1.55%) VMware Infrastructure
5 53 (1.08%) vSphere
6 47 (0.96%) VMware ESXi
7 32 (0.65%) VirtualBox
8 28 (0.57%) NFS
9 27 (0.55%) Hyper-V
10 25 (0.51%) Samba
11 21 (0.43%) VMware NSX
12 17 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
13 16 (0.33%) Xen
14 14 (0.29%) Apache Flume
15 11 (0.22%) HDFS
15 11 (0.22%) Snort
16 9 (0.18%) KVM
17 8 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
17 8 (0.16%) XenDesktop
18 7 (0.14%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 153 (3.12%) Puppet
2 138 (2.82%) Ansible
3 117 (2.39%) Kubernetes
4 85 (1.73%) Opscode Chef
5 49 (1.00%) Salt
6 48 (0.98%) Nagios
7 44 (0.90%) Terraform
8 37 (0.75%) vCenter Server
9 36 (0.73%) HP ALM
10 20 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
10 20 (0.41%) HP Quality Center
11 19 (0.39%) SCCM
12 18 (0.37%) Nexpose
13 16 (0.33%) Nessus
14 14 (0.29%) QRadar
15 12 (0.24%) Kibana
16 11 (0.22%) EnCase
16 11 (0.22%) ZABBIX
17 9 (0.18%) FTK
17 9 (0.18%) Packer
Vendors
1 572 (11.67%) Microsoft
2 223 (4.55%) Oracle
3 162 (3.31%) Google
4 121 (2.47%) VMware
5 109 (2.22%) Cisco
6 80 (1.63%) Atlassian
7 79 (1.61%) EMC
8 74 (1.51%) Red Hat
9 62 (1.27%) Splunk
10 59 (1.20%) SAP
11 52 (1.06%) NetApp
12 48 (0.98%) HP
13 46 (0.94%) Salesforce.com
14 43 (0.88%) IBM
15 39 (0.80%) Citrix
16 30 (0.61%) SolarWinds
16 30 (0.61%) Tableau
17 29 (0.59%) Apple
18 28 (0.57%) Adobe
18 28 (0.57%) Cloudera