Period
to 15 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 15 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C
UK
6 months to
15 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 99 99 99
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +6
Permanent jobs citing C 5,508 5,524 5,858
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.25% 3.12% 2.95%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.82% 5.61% 5.64%
Number of salaries quoted 4,125 4,492 4,558
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £75,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 94,639 98,385 103,872
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.80% 55.58% 52.34%
Number of salaries quoted 78,591 81,444 89,884
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,000 £28,750 £28,250
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -

C
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing C.

Salary trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing C over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Salary histogram for C in the UK

C
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C within the UK over the 6 months to 15 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 5,249 £50,000 +5.26% 1,206
UK excluding London 0 3,863 £47,500 +5.56% 1,003
London +27 1,551 £62,500 +4.17% 267
South East +4 1,320 £50,000 +6.38% 251
South West +10 843 £46,000 +8.24% 139
East of England +3 676 £50,000 - 207
North of England +13 529 £45,000 +5.88% 156
Midlands -37 310 £45,000 +12.50% 183
North West +14 308 £45,000 +3.45% 93
West Midlands -21 208 £47,500 +18.75% 133
Yorkshire -7 171 £42,500 - 53
East Midlands -36 102 £39,500 -1.25% 50
Scotland -63 101 £45,000 +5.88% 36
Wales +3 61 £42,500 +6.25% 15
North East -3 50 £42,500 +21.43% 10
Northern Ireland +20 24 £50,000 +25.00% 14
Channel Islands - 3 £45,000 - 2

For the 6 months to 15 August 2018, IT jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for C.

1 2,589 (47.00%) C++
2 1,931 (35.06%) Software Engineering
3 1,745 (31.68%) Python
4 1,484 (26.94%) Java
5 1,482 (26.91%) Linux
6 1,463 (26.56%) Degree
7 1,250 (22.69%) Agile Software Development
8 1,144 (20.77%) C#
9 1,009 (18.32%) Security Cleared
10 965 (17.52%) SQL
11 918 (16.67%) Finance
12 860 (15.61%) Computer Science
13 806 (14.63%) Windows
14 703 (12.76%) Microsoft
15 687 (12.47%) Problem-Solving
16 672 (12.20%) Mathematics
17 594 (10.78%) JavaScript
18 573 (10.40%) DV Cleared
19 537 (9.75%) Embedded C
20 528 (9.59%) Algorithms
21 513 (9.31%) Analytical Skills
22 485 (8.81%) .NET
23 480 (8.71%) Scrum
24 473 (8.59%) Machine Learning
25 456 (8.28%) Git (software)
26 450 (8.17%) SC Cleared
27 438 (7.95%) SDLC
28 437 (7.93%) Test Automation
29 430 (7.81%) Electronics
30 420 (7.63%) TDD

C
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 113 (2.05%) Apache Spark
2 92 (1.67%) Apache
3 89 (1.62%) Confluence
4 77 (1.40%) Elasticsearch
5 65 (1.18%) SharePoint
6 53 (0.96%) Apache Pig
7 45 (0.82%) Ethereum
8 39 (0.71%) IIS
9 36 (0.65%) SAS
10 35 (0.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 32 (0.58%) Tomcat
12 31 (0.56%) MS Exchange
13 30 (0.54%) JBoss
13 30 (0.54%) Skype for Business
14 28 (0.51%) nginx
15 20 (0.36%) CMS
15 20 (0.36%) WebSphere
16 18 (0.33%) WebLogic
17 11 (0.20%) Exchange Server 2013
18 10 (0.18%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 183 (3.32%) Microsoft Excel
2 177 (3.21%) Microsoft Office
3 67 (1.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 52 (0.94%) MS Visio
5 43 (0.78%) Microsoft Project
6 36 (0.65%) Simulink
7 20 (0.36%) Photoshop
8 9 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
8 9 (0.16%) SPSS
9 8 (0.15%) Stateflow
10 7 (0.13%) Chatbot
10 7 (0.13%) TargetLink
11 6 (0.11%) OrCAD
12 3 (0.054%) Adobe Illustrator
12 3 (0.054%) InVision
13 2 (0.036%) Acrobat
13 2 (0.036%) AutoCAD
13 2 (0.036%) EViews
13 2 (0.036%) InfoPath
13 2 (0.036%) Mathematica
Business Applications
1 269 (4.88%) Dynamics NAV
2 36 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
3 16 (0.29%) Ripple
4 12 (0.22%) Elite 3E
5 11 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
6 10 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
7 8 (0.15%) SAP CO
7 8 (0.15%) SAP FI
7 8 (0.15%) SAP FI/CO
8 7 (0.13%) R3 Corda
9 6 (0.11%) SAP ERP
10 5 (0.091%) LabWindows
10 5 (0.091%) NetSuite
10 5 (0.091%) SAP S/4HANA
11 4 (0.073%) Payment Gateway
11 4 (0.073%) Remedy ITSM
11 4 (0.073%) Sage 200
11 4 (0.073%) SAP SD
12 3 (0.054%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 3 (0.054%) SAP GRC
Cloud Services
1 263 (4.77%) Amazon AWS
2 209 (3.79%) Microsoft Azure
3 101 (1.83%) Office 365
4 74 (1.34%) GitHub
5 68 (1.23%) Cloud Computing
6 58 (1.05%) SaaS
7 37 (0.67%) Dynamics 365
8 33 (0.60%) Slack
9 30 (0.54%) G Suite
10 21 (0.38%) Google Cloud Platform
11 19 (0.34%) IaaS
11 19 (0.34%) PaaS
12 14 (0.25%) Amazon S3
13 13 (0.24%) Google Analytics
14 12 (0.22%) Azure Active Directory
15 10 (0.18%) Force.com
15 10 (0.18%) Serverless
16 8 (0.15%) Datadog
17 7 (0.13%) Amazon EC2
17 7 (0.13%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 229 (4.16%) TCP/IP
2 194 (3.52%) Firewall
3 135 (2.45%) Wireless
4 133 (2.41%) Ethernet
5 118 (2.14%) HTTP
6 106 (1.92%) Internet
7 99 (1.80%) Network Security
8 90 (1.63%) Wi-Fi
9 82 (1.49%) Bluetooth
10 81 (1.47%) SSL
11 63 (1.14%) RS-232
12 62 (1.13%) LAN
13 57 (1.03%) WAN
14 54 (0.98%) DNS
15 47 (0.85%) VPN
16 44 (0.80%) Intrusion Detection
16 44 (0.80%) SNMP
17 37 (0.67%) VoIP
18 34 (0.62%) SSH
19 32 (0.58%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 343 (6.23%) SQL Server
2 321 (5.83%) Big Data
3 175 (3.18%) Hadoop
4 157 (2.85%) MySQL
5 152 (2.76%) Relational Database
6 116 (2.11%) NoSQL
7 103 (1.87%) Blockchain
8 102 (1.85%) MongoDB
9 99 (1.80%) Apache Hive
10 74 (1.34%) PostgreSQL
11 67 (1.22%) Apache Cassandra
12 55 (1.00%) RDBMS
13 42 (0.76%) Oracle Database
14 41 (0.74%) Data Warehouse
15 40 (0.73%) DB2
16 36 (0.65%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 35 (0.64%) GIS
18 33 (0.60%) Redis
19 30 (0.54%) Crystal Reports
20 29 (0.53%) Geospatial Data
Development Applications
1 456 (8.28%) Git (software)
2 274 (4.97%) Jenkins
3 260 (4.72%) JIRA
4 200 (3.63%) Selenium
4 200 (3.63%) Visual Studio
5 181 (3.29%) Subversion
6 153 (2.78%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 85 (1.54%) Cucumber
8 78 (1.42%) Bitbucket
9 67 (1.22%) Team Foundation Server
10 63 (1.14%) Maven
11 59 (1.07%) JUnit
12 57 (1.03%) SoapUI
13 56 (1.02%) TeamCity
14 55 (1.00%) JMeter
15 52 (0.94%) Eclipse
15 52 (0.94%) Rational DOORS
16 44 (0.80%) Robot Framework
17 40 (0.73%) git-flow
18 39 (0.71%) CodeSonar
General
1 918 (16.67%) Finance
2 430 (7.81%) Electronics
3 280 (5.08%) Banking
4 251 (4.56%) Retail
5 236 (4.28%) Manufacturing
6 178 (3.23%) Telecoms
7 177 (3.21%) Automotive
8 148 (2.69%) Marketing
9 136 (2.47%) Advertising
10 126 (2.29%) Games
11 113 (2.05%) Financial Institution
12 110 (2.00%) Investment Banking
13 109 (1.98%) Military
14 103 (1.87%) Front Office
15 99 (1.80%) Law
16 89 (1.62%) Aerospace
17 59 (1.07%) Legal
18 34 (0.62%) Back Office
18 34 (0.62%) Publishing
19 27 (0.49%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,339 (24.31%) Software Engineer
2 1,283 (23.29%) Developer
3 553 (10.04%) Embedded Engineer
4 488 (8.86%) C++ Software Engineer
5 418 (7.59%) Embedded Software Engineer
6 345 (6.26%) Software Developer
7 304 (5.52%) Analyst
8 287 (5.21%) Senior Software Engineer
9 263 (4.77%) Consultant
10 240 (4.36%) C Software Engineer
11 231 (4.19%) C++ Developer
12 230 (4.18%) Java Developer
13 204 (3.70%) C/C++ Software Engineer
13 204 (3.70%) Graduate
14 201 (3.65%) Architect
15 170 (3.09%) Senior Developer
16 164 (2.98%) C Developer
16 164 (2.98%) Linux Engineer
17 161 (2.92%) Embedded C++ Engineer
18 153 (2.78%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 485 (8.81%) .NET
2 347 (6.30%) HTML
3 230 (4.18%) AngularJS
4 221 (4.01%) CSS
5 208 (3.78%) Node.js
6 195 (3.54%) Web Services
7 192 (3.49%) XML
8 188 (3.41%) TensorFlow
9 160 (2.90%) Natural Language Processing
10 157 (2.85%) Spring
11 148 (2.69%) REST
12 146 (2.65%) React
13 137 (2.49%) STL
14 136 (2.47%) jQuery
15 133 (2.41%) ASP.NET
16 130 (2.36%) .NET Framework
17 102 (1.85%) Java EE
18 92 (1.67%) Django
18 92 (1.67%) JSON
19 91 (1.65%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 860 (15.61%) Computer Science
2 528 (9.59%) Algorithms
3 513 (9.31%) Analytical Skills
4 322 (5.85%) Embedded Systems
5 197 (3.58%) Self-Motivation
6 156 (2.83%) User Experience
7 151 (2.74%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
8 148 (2.69%) Fintech
9 116 (2.11%) Device Driver
10 115 (2.09%) Management Information System
11 94 (1.71%) Greenfield Project
12 93 (1.69%) Cyberthreat
13 91 (1.65%) Data Structures
14 83 (1.51%) Data Centre
14 83 (1.51%) Robotics
15 72 (1.31%) VHDL
16 69 (1.25%) Mobile App
17 62 (1.13%) Verilog
18 60 (1.09%) CUDA
19 58 (1.05%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 1,482 (26.91%) Linux
2 806 (14.63%) Windows
3 369 (6.70%) Unix
4 232 (4.21%) Android
5 188 (3.41%) Embedded Linux
6 144 (2.61%) Apple iOS
7 96 (1.74%) Mac OS X
8 82 (1.49%) Windows Server
9 61 (1.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 52 (0.94%) CentOS
11 46 (0.84%) Ubuntu
11 46 (0.84%) Windows 7
12 38 (0.69%) Windows 10
13 37 (0.67%) FreeRTOS
14 33 (0.60%) Windows Server 2008
14 33 (0.60%) Windows Server 2012
15 24 (0.44%) Windows Phone
16 23 (0.42%) Solaris
16 23 (0.42%) VxWorks
17 20 (0.36%) Nucleus RTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,931 (35.06%) Software Engineering
2 1,250 (22.69%) Agile Software Development
3 687 (12.47%) Problem-Solving
4 672 (12.20%) Mathematics
5 480 (8.71%) Scrum
6 473 (8.59%) Machine Learning
7 438 (7.95%) SDLC
8 437 (7.93%) Test Automation
9 420 (7.63%) TDD
10 401 (7.28%) Continuous Integration
11 370 (6.72%) DevOps
12 361 (6.55%) Multithreading
13 342 (6.21%) Analytics
14 334 (6.06%) OO
15 331 (6.01%) Project Management
16 313 (5.68%) Cybersecurity
17 290 (5.27%) Mentoring
18 278 (5.05%) Physics
19 263 (4.77%) Artificial Intelligence
20 262 (4.76%) UML
Programming Languages
1 2,589 (47.00%) C++
2 1,745 (31.68%) Python
3 1,484 (26.94%) Java
4 1,144 (20.77%) C#
5 965 (17.52%) SQL
6 594 (10.78%) JavaScript
7 537 (9.75%) Embedded C
8 322 (5.85%) Perl
9 301 (5.46%) Embedded C++
10 290 (5.27%) Bash Shell
11 272 (4.94%) Ruby
12 198 (3.59%) PHP
13 187 (3.40%) MATLAB
14 180 (3.27%) PowerShell
14 180 (3.27%) Scala
15 134 (2.43%) Go
15 134 (2.43%) R
16 131 (2.38%) Shell Script
17 116 (2.11%) VB
18 101 (1.83%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 1,463 (26.56%) Degree
2 1,009 (18.32%) Security Cleared
3 573 (10.40%) DV Cleared
4 450 (8.17%) SC Cleared
5 300 (5.45%) PhD
6 290 (5.27%) Computer Science Degree
7 136 (2.47%) Cisco Certification
8 115 (2.09%) CCNA
9 109 (1.98%) Microsoft Certification
10 101 (1.83%) CISSP
11 97 (1.76%) Master's Degree
12 81 (1.47%) Numerate Degree
13 77 (1.40%) MCSE
14 73 (1.33%) Network+ Certification
15 71 (1.29%) SANS
16 70 (1.27%) GIAC
17 62 (1.13%) SSCP
18 60 (1.09%) Linux+ Certification
19 59 (1.07%) CompTIA Security+
20 52 (0.94%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 202 (3.67%) QA
2 81 (1.47%) SLA
3 60 (1.09%) MISRA
4 39 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 39 (0.71%) PMO
5 35 (0.64%) GDPR
6 26 (0.47%) ISO 9001
6 26 (0.47%) MISRA C
7 24 (0.44%) IEC 61508
8 23 (0.42%) JTAG
9 22 (0.40%) DO-178B
10 19 (0.34%) ISO 26262
11 17 (0.31%) Data Quality
12 15 (0.27%) PCI DSS
12 15 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 13 (0.24%) Def Stans
13 13 (0.24%) ECSS
14 12 (0.22%) ISO 15765
15 9 (0.16%) GCP
15 9 (0.16%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 330 (5.99%) Firmware
2 218 (3.96%) Docker
3 115 (2.09%) Active Directory
4 94 (1.71%) VMware Infrastructure
5 74 (1.34%) vSphere
6 61 (1.11%) Virtual Machines
7 47 (0.85%) Hyper-V
8 38 (0.69%) HDFS
9 32 (0.58%) VMware ESXi
10 30 (0.54%) Apache Flume
11 18 (0.33%) NFS
12 16 (0.29%) Samba
13 15 (0.27%) VMware NSX
14 9 (0.16%) ProxySG
15 7 (0.13%) Virtual Desktop
15 7 (0.13%) Xen
16 6 (0.11%) VirtualBox
16 6 (0.11%) XenApp
17 4 (0.073%) ACF2
17 4 (0.073%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 163 (2.96%) Puppet
2 118 (2.14%) Ansible
3 93 (1.69%) Kubernetes
4 79 (1.43%) Opscode Chef
5 43 (0.78%) Nagios
5 43 (0.78%) Salt
6 37 (0.67%) Terraform
7 25 (0.45%) Kibana
8 24 (0.44%) SCCM
9 20 (0.36%) vCenter Server
10 18 (0.33%) HAProxy
11 16 (0.29%) WSUS
12 15 (0.27%) HP ALM
13 12 (0.22%) Docker Swarm
13 12 (0.22%) HP Quality Center
14 9 (0.16%) Cisco Prime
14 9 (0.16%) Packer
14 9 (0.16%) SCOM
15 7 (0.13%) ZABBIX
16 5 (0.091%) OpenNMS
Vendors
1 703 (12.76%) Microsoft
2 266 (4.83%) Oracle
3 132 (2.40%) Google
4 128 (2.32%) VMware
5 127 (2.31%) Cisco
6 83 (1.51%) Atlassian
7 78 (1.42%) Red Hat
8 60 (1.09%) SAP
9 54 (0.98%) EMC
9 54 (0.98%) IBM
10 45 (0.82%) HP
11 43 (0.78%) Citrix
11 43 (0.78%) Dell
12 34 (0.62%) Apple
13 33 (0.60%) Capita
13 33 (0.60%) Salesforce.com
14 32 (0.58%) Juniper
15 30 (0.54%) Cloudera
15 30 (0.54%) NetApp
15 30 (0.54%) Xilinx