Period
to 2 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 2 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C
UK
6 months to
2 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 97 93 99
Rank change year-on-year -4 +6 +2
Permanent jobs citing C 3,613 4,941 5,784
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.08% 3.34% 3.27%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.67% 6.10% 5.83%
Number of salaries quoted 2,979 3,700 4,585
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,000 £29,725 £30,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £83,750 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,000 £46,500
% change year-on-year +6.38% +1.08% +9.41%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 63,743 80,970 99,169
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.42% 54.69% 56.03%
Number of salaries quoted 52,551 66,675 83,594
Median annual salary £54,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.86% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £43,500
% change year-on-year - +3.45% +3.57%

C
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing C.

Salary trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing C over the 6 months to 2 April 2020.

Salary histogram for C in the UK

C
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C within the UK over the 6 months to 2 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -7 3,383 £52,500 +5.00% 895
UK excluding London -3 2,514 £50,000 +6.38% 762
London -16 998 £60,000 -4.00% 195
South East -3 949 £52,500 +10.53% 212
South West +2 585 £45,000 - 107
East of England +24 313 £50,000 - 137
North of England -7 291 £53,441 +18.76% 132
Midlands -36 226 £50,000 +23.46% 112
Work from Home +16 198 £60,250 +14.76% 50
North West +10 194 £50,000 +5.26% 79
West Midlands -12 182 £50,000 +25.00% 79
Yorkshire -9 93 £55,000 +22.22% 40
Scotland -1 91 £50,000 +11.11% 35
Wales -12 50 £40,000 -11.11% 15
East Midlands -59 44 £47,500 +15.85% 33
Northern Ireland +17 10 £40,000 -5.88% 12
North East -25 4 £43,250 -11.28% 13

For the 6 months to 2 April 2020, IT jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for C.

1 1,561 (43.21%) C++
2 1,238 (34.27%) Software Engineering
3 988 (27.35%) Python
4 925 (25.60%) Degree
5 888 (24.58%) Linux
6 872 (24.14%) Agile Software Development
7 870 (24.08%) Java
8 741 (20.51%) C#
9 562 (15.55%) Problem-Solving
10 524 (14.50%) Finance
11 510 (14.12%) Windows
12 478 (13.23%) SQL
13 458 (12.68%) JavaScript
14 408 (11.29%) Security Cleared
15 404 (11.18%) .NET
16 399 (11.04%) Git (software)
17 398 (11.02%) Embedded C
18 379 (10.49%) Analytical Skills
19 363 (10.05%) Computer Science
20 354 (9.80%) AWS
21 345 (9.55%) DevOps
22 337 (9.33%) Microsoft
23 327 (9.05%) Electronics
24 323 (8.94%) Project Management
25 316 (8.75%) Firmware
26 310 (8.58%) Mathematics
27 300 (8.30%) Scrum
28 276 (7.64%) JIRA
29 275 (7.61%) Algorithms
29 275 (7.61%) Docker

C
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 89 (2.46%) Confluence
2 63 (1.74%) Elasticsearch
3 54 (1.49%) Apache Spark
4 49 (1.36%) Apache
5 48 (1.33%) SharePoint
6 34 (0.94%) IIS
7 32 (0.89%) WebSphere
8 31 (0.86%) Tomcat
9 29 (0.80%) SAS
10 27 (0.75%) ArcGIS
11 26 (0.72%) OpenStack
12 24 (0.66%) CMS
13 23 (0.64%) JBoss
14 22 (0.61%) CICS
15 16 (0.44%) nginx
16 13 (0.36%) SharePoint 2013
16 13 (0.36%) Skype for Business
17 12 (0.33%) Oracle Spatial
18 11 (0.30%) GeoServer
19 10 (0.28%) Jupyter
Applications
1 135 (3.74%) Microsoft Office
2 78 (2.16%) Microsoft Excel
3 58 (1.61%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 23 (0.64%) Spreadsheet
5 20 (0.55%) Simulink
6 18 (0.50%) MS Visio
7 17 (0.47%) SPSS
8 15 (0.42%) OrCAD
9 13 (0.36%) Microsoft Project
9 13 (0.36%) Sketch
10 6 (0.17%) Adobe XD
11 5 (0.14%) S-PLUS
12 4 (0.11%) InVision
12 4 (0.11%) ProjectWise
13 3 (0.083%) Abaqus
13 3 (0.083%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 3 (0.083%) Marvel
13 3 (0.083%) Mathcad
13 3 (0.083%) Photoshop
13 3 (0.083%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 36 (1.00%) SAP S/4HANA
2 28 (0.77%) SAP CRM
3 25 (0.69%) Dynamics NAV
3 25 (0.69%) SAP Hybris
4 15 (0.42%) Dynamics AX
5 11 (0.30%) SAP SD
6 10 (0.28%) Magento
6 10 (0.28%) Primavera
6 10 (0.28%) Workday HCM
7 8 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
7 8 (0.22%) SAP GTS
8 6 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
9 5 (0.14%) Oracle HRMS
9 5 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 5 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 4 (0.11%) Infor M3
10 4 (0.11%) NetSuite
10 4 (0.11%) Northgate Housing
11 2 (0.055%) GoldMine
11 2 (0.055%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 354 (9.80%) AWS
2 265 (7.33%) Azure
3 89 (2.46%) GCP
4 78 (2.16%) Office 365
5 71 (1.97%) SaaS
6 52 (1.44%) GitHub
7 38 (1.05%) Serverless
8 36 (1.00%) Amazon EC2
8 36 (1.00%) AWS CloudFormation
9 35 (0.97%) OpenShift
10 34 (0.94%) Power Platform
11 30 (0.83%) Amazon ECS
12 28 (0.77%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 28 (0.77%) Amazon EKS
13 27 (0.75%) Cloud Computing
14 26 (0.72%) Amazon S3
15 24 (0.66%) AWS Lambda
15 24 (0.66%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 19 (0.53%) AWS Fargate
16 19 (0.53%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 184 (5.09%) Wireless
2 179 (4.95%) TCP/IP
3 129 (3.57%) Internet
4 102 (2.82%) Bluetooth
5 75 (2.08%) Firewall
6 61 (1.69%) DNS
7 53 (1.47%) Ethernet
8 51 (1.41%) LTE
9 50 (1.38%) VPN
10 46 (1.27%) DHCP
11 41 (1.13%) Wi-Fi
12 36 (1.00%) HTTP
13 35 (0.97%) LAN
14 34 (0.94%) RS-232
15 33 (0.91%) MQTT
16 32 (0.89%) Network Security
17 31 (0.86%) WAN
18 25 (0.69%) Skype
18 25 (0.69%) Software-Defined Radio
18 25 (0.69%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 137 (3.79%) Big Data
2 131 (3.63%) MySQL
3 116 (3.21%) SQL Server
4 108 (2.99%) Relational Database
5 77 (2.13%) Hadoop
5 77 (2.13%) Redis
6 76 (2.10%) NoSQL
7 69 (1.91%) MongoDB
8 68 (1.88%) PostgreSQL
9 43 (1.19%) DB2
10 36 (1.00%) Oracle Database
11 29 (0.80%) Power BI
12 27 (0.75%) BusinessObjects
13 24 (0.66%) QlikView
14 23 (0.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 22 (0.61%) Neo4j
15 22 (0.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 21 (0.58%) Data Warehouse
17 20 (0.55%) Azure SQL Database
17 20 (0.55%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 399 (11.04%) Git (software)
2 276 (7.64%) JIRA
3 223 (6.17%) Jenkins
4 94 (2.60%) Visual Studio
5 79 (2.19%) Subversion
6 66 (1.83%) Eclipse
6 66 (1.83%) Selenium
7 65 (1.80%) Maven
8 51 (1.41%) Bitbucket
9 40 (1.11%) Cucumber
9 40 (1.11%) JUnit
10 39 (1.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 39 (1.08%) Xcode
11 37 (1.02%) JMeter
12 36 (1.00%) git-flow
13 32 (0.89%) SoapUI
14 30 (0.83%) GCC
14 30 (0.83%) LoadRunner
15 25 (0.69%) Rational DOORS
16 24 (0.66%) TeamCity
General
1 524 (14.50%) Finance
2 327 (9.05%) Electronics
3 199 (5.51%) Telecoms
4 183 (5.07%) Manufacturing
5 152 (4.21%) Retail
6 150 (4.15%) Marketing
7 132 (3.65%) Automotive
8 131 (3.63%) Aerospace
9 113 (3.13%) Public Sector
10 111 (3.07%) Banking
11 92 (2.55%) Military
12 73 (2.02%) Games
13 66 (1.83%) Legal
14 51 (1.41%) Law
15 34 (0.94%) Pharmaceutical
16 33 (0.91%) Advertising
17 25 (0.69%) Local Government
18 17 (0.47%) Billing
19 12 (0.33%) Police
20 11 (0.30%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 863 (23.89%) Software Engineer
2 709 (19.62%) Developer
3 395 (10.93%) Embedded Engineer
4 322 (8.91%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 247 (6.84%) Senior Software Engineer
6 230 (6.37%) Consultant
7 215 (5.95%) Software Developer
8 172 (4.76%) C++ Software Engineer
9 170 (4.71%) Architect
10 154 (4.26%) Analyst
11 133 (3.68%) Senior Developer
12 120 (3.32%) Firmware Engineer
13 115 (3.18%) C Software Engineer
14 103 (2.85%) Graduate
14 103 (2.85%) Systems Engineer
15 100 (2.77%) C# Developer
15 100 (2.77%) Junior
16 95 (2.63%) .NET Developer
17 87 (2.41%) C++ Developer
18 85 (2.35%) Embedded C Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 404 (11.18%) .NET
2 207 (5.73%) HTML
3 153 (4.23%) CSS
4 146 (4.04%) REST
5 144 (3.99%) Node.js
6 140 (3.87%) AngularJS
7 132 (3.65%) Web Services
8 113 (3.13%) React
9 82 (2.27%) JSON
10 81 (2.24%) ASP.NET
10 81 (2.24%) XML
11 77 (2.13%) RESTful
12 76 (2.10%) HTML5
13 71 (1.97%) Spring
14 68 (1.88%) Kafka
15 67 (1.85%) .NET Core
16 66 (1.83%) Middleware
17 62 (1.72%) .NET Framework
18 50 (1.38%) WinForms
19 49 (1.36%) Qt
Miscellaneous
1 379 (10.49%) Analytical Skills
2 275 (7.61%) Algorithms
3 198 (5.48%) Self-Motivation
4 181 (5.01%) Embedded Systems
5 177 (4.90%) User Experience
6 143 (3.96%) Management Information System
7 119 (3.29%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
8 78 (2.16%) Greenfield Project
9 63 (1.74%) Mobile App
9 63 (1.74%) Robotics
10 58 (1.61%) VHDL
11 55 (1.52%) Linux Command Line
12 49 (1.36%) Device Driver
13 47 (1.30%) Public Cloud
14 44 (1.22%) Data Structures
15 43 (1.19%) Internet of Things
16 40 (1.11%) Verilog
17 39 (1.08%) Virtual Team
18 38 (1.05%) CAN bus
19 33 (0.91%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 888 (24.58%) Linux
2 510 (14.12%) Windows
3 206 (5.70%) Unix
4 140 (3.87%) Android
5 115 (3.18%) Apple iOS
6 95 (2.63%) Embedded Linux
7 82 (2.27%) Windows Server
8 58 (1.61%) Windows 10
9 54 (1.49%) CentOS
9 54 (1.49%) Ubuntu
10 40 (1.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 38 (1.05%) Mac OS
12 26 (0.72%) FreeRTOS
12 26 (0.72%) tvOS
13 22 (0.61%) VxWorks
14 21 (0.58%) Solaris
15 19 (0.53%) Fedora
16 14 (0.39%) Mac OS X
17 13 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
18 11 (0.30%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,238 (34.27%) Software Engineering
2 872 (24.14%) Agile Software Development
3 562 (15.55%) Problem-Solving
4 363 (10.05%) Computer Science
5 345 (9.55%) DevOps
6 323 (8.94%) Project Management
7 310 (8.58%) Mathematics
8 300 (8.30%) Scrum
9 273 (7.56%) Test Automation
10 258 (7.14%) Cybersecurity
11 254 (7.03%) SDLC
12 252 (6.97%) Mentoring
13 244 (6.75%) Analytics
14 220 (6.09%) Continuous Integration
15 174 (4.82%) ITIL
16 170 (4.71%) Machine Learning
17 167 (4.62%) OO
18 164 (4.54%) Open Source
19 149 (4.12%) Continuous Improvement
20 148 (4.10%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 1,561 (43.21%) C++
2 988 (27.35%) Python
3 870 (24.08%) Java
4 741 (20.51%) C#
5 478 (13.23%) SQL
6 458 (12.68%) JavaScript
7 398 (11.02%) Embedded C
8 190 (5.26%) Bash Shell
9 173 (4.79%) Go
10 149 (4.12%) PHP
11 121 (3.35%) PowerShell
12 116 (3.21%) Perl
13 111 (3.07%) Embedded C++
14 103 (2.85%) MATLAB
15 82 (2.27%) Assembly Language
16 81 (2.24%) Ruby
17 73 (2.02%) Ada
17 73 (2.02%) R
18 68 (1.88%) VB
19 65 (1.80%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 925 (25.60%) Degree
2 408 (11.29%) Security Cleared
3 241 (6.67%) SC Cleared
4 197 (5.45%) DV Cleared
5 138 (3.82%) Computer Science Degree
6 81 (2.24%) Microsoft Certification
7 65 (1.80%) Chartered Engineer
7 65 (1.80%) CISSP
8 56 (1.55%) PhD
9 55 (1.52%) Cisco Certification
10 53 (1.47%) HND
11 42 (1.16%) CCNA
12 38 (1.05%) ISTQB
13 37 (1.02%) SANS
14 36 (1.00%) HNC
15 31 (0.86%) Numerate Degree
16 30 (0.83%) CISM
16 30 (0.83%) MCSE
17 29 (0.80%) PMI Certification
17 29 (0.80%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 132 (3.65%) QA
2 44 (1.22%) IEC 61508
3 42 (1.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 32 (0.89%) Def Stans
4 32 (0.89%) SLA
5 30 (0.83%) HAZOP
6 28 (0.77%) GDPR
7 25 (0.69%) PMO
8 24 (0.66%) MISRA
9 19 (0.53%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 16 (0.44%) DICOM
11 13 (0.36%) Data Quality
12 11 (0.30%) Actionable Recommendations
12 11 (0.30%) JSP 440
13 10 (0.28%) ISO 9001
13 10 (0.28%) MISRA C
14 9 (0.25%) CESG Infosec
15 8 (0.22%) DO-178B
16 7 (0.19%) IEC 62304
16 7 (0.19%) NIST
System Software
1 316 (8.75%) Firmware
2 275 (7.61%) Docker
3 87 (2.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 77 (2.13%) Active Directory
5 30 (0.83%) VMware ESXi
6 25 (0.69%) vSphere
7 21 (0.58%) NFS
8 20 (0.55%) VirtualBox
9 17 (0.47%) Xen
10 16 (0.44%) Samba
11 14 (0.39%) ACF2
11 14 (0.39%) RACF
12 13 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
13 11 (0.30%) Hyper-V
14 10 (0.28%) BitLocker
14 10 (0.28%) Virtual Desktop
15 6 (0.17%) KVM
16 5 (0.14%) Apache Flume
16 5 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 4 (0.11%) Kamailio
Systems Management
1 118 (3.27%) Kubernetes
2 108 (2.99%) Ansible
3 70 (1.94%) Puppet
4 51 (1.41%) Terraform
5 43 (1.19%) Opscode Chef
6 29 (0.80%) SCCM
7 26 (0.72%) vCenter Server
8 24 (0.66%) SCOM
9 23 (0.64%) Nagios
10 22 (0.61%) BMC PATROL
10 22 (0.61%) Microsoft Intune
11 18 (0.50%) SELinux
11 18 (0.50%) ZABBIX
12 17 (0.47%) Docker Swarm
13 16 (0.44%) OpenNMS
14 13 (0.36%) Kibana
14 13 (0.36%) PowerCLI
15 11 (0.30%) Cisco CUCM
16 10 (0.28%) HP Quality Center
16 10 (0.28%) Salt
Vendors
1 337 (9.33%) Microsoft
2 145 (4.01%) Oracle
3 113 (3.13%) SAP
4 106 (2.93%) VMware
5 76 (2.10%) Google
6 72 (1.99%) Cisco
7 65 (1.80%) Red Hat
8 60 (1.66%) Apple
9 46 (1.27%) hybris
10 45 (1.25%) Atlassian
11 38 (1.05%) EMC
12 36 (1.00%) IBM
12 36 (1.00%) Salesforce.com
12 36 (1.00%) Splunk
13 34 (0.94%) Dell
14 33 (0.91%) HP
14 33 (0.91%) NetApp
15 29 (0.80%) Tableau
15 29 (0.80%) Xamarin
16 23 (0.64%) Intel