Period
to 3 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 3 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C
UK
6 months to
3 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 108 89 98
Rank change year-on-year -19 +9 +1
Permanent jobs citing C 2,279 5,012 5,859
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.88% 3.42% 3.31%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.18% 6.34% 5.90%
Number of salaries quoted 1,871 3,584 4,545
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £30,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £80,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +11.76%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,960 79,025 99,349
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.52% 53.92% 56.08%
Number of salaries quoted 36,168 64,760 82,750
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

C
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing C.

Salary trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing C over the 6 months to 3 July 2020.

Salary histogram for C in the UK

C
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C within the UK over the 6 months to 3 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -22 2,098 £52,500 +5.00% 460
UK excluding London -14 1,583 £50,000 +5.26% 415
London -38 614 £65,000 +4.84% 79
South East -11 539 £52,500 +10.53% 107
South West -13 364 £46,000 -8.00% 71
North of England +17 261 £50,000 +11.11% 83
North West +24 173 £50,000 +5.26% 43
East of England +4 171 £55,000 +10.00% 71
Midlands -23 137 £47,500 +9.83% 49
Work from Home +12 124 £60,000 +9.09% 48
West Midlands -9 113 £50,000 +11.11% 34
Yorkshire +41 83 £55,000 +22.22% 34
Scotland +31 66 £52,500 +23.53% 21
Wales +1 35 £44,379 +10.95% 9
East Midlands -33 24 £47,500 +26.67% 15
Northern Ireland +8 11 £50,000 -13.04% 5
North East +2 5 £43,250 -11.28% 6
Isle of Man - 1 £65,000 -

For the 6 months to 3 July 2020, IT jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for C.

1 1,100 (48.27%) C++
2 808 (35.45%) Software Engineering
3 691 (30.32%) Python
4 618 (27.12%) Linux
5 574 (25.19%) Java
6 573 (25.14%) Degree
7 565 (24.79%) Agile Software Development
8 439 (19.26%) C#
9 324 (14.22%) Problem-Solving
10 317 (13.91%) Finance
11 302 (13.25%) JavaScript
12 293 (12.86%) Windows
13 269 (11.80%) Git (software)
14 265 (11.63%) Security Cleared
15 260 (11.41%) SQL
16 258 (11.32%) Computer Science
17 248 (10.88%) .NET
18 233 (10.22%) Analytical Skills
19 228 (10.00%) DevOps
20 224 (9.83%) AWS
21 219 (9.61%) Embedded C
22 209 (9.17%) Scrum
23 192 (8.42%) JIRA
23 192 (8.42%) Docker
24 191 (8.38%) Mathematics
24 191 (8.38%) Microsoft
25 190 (8.34%) Firmware
26 185 (8.12%) Test Automation
27 183 (8.03%) Electronics
28 173 (7.59%) Project Management

C
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (3.60%) Confluence
2 39 (1.71%) Apache
3 34 (1.49%) Elasticsearch
4 24 (1.05%) Apache Spark
5 23 (1.01%) SAS
5 23 (1.01%) SharePoint
6 20 (0.88%) CMS
7 19 (0.83%) WebSphere
8 17 (0.75%) ArcGIS
8 17 (0.75%) IIS
8 17 (0.75%) OpenStack
9 16 (0.70%) JBoss
10 15 (0.66%) Tomcat
11 14 (0.61%) CICS
12 11 (0.48%) nginx
13 10 (0.44%) Jupyter
14 8 (0.35%) MS Exchange
15 7 (0.31%) GeoServer
15 7 (0.31%) Oracle Spatial
16 6 (0.26%) WebLogic
Applications
1 83 (3.64%) Microsoft Office
2 36 (1.58%) Microsoft Excel
3 28 (1.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 14 (0.61%) Simulink
5 10 (0.44%) Spreadsheet
5 10 (0.44%) SPSS
6 7 (0.31%) MS Visio
6 7 (0.31%) Sketch
6 7 (0.31%) S-PLUS
6 7 (0.31%) TargetLink
7 4 (0.18%) InVision
7 4 (0.18%) OrCAD
7 4 (0.18%) Photoshop
8 3 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.13%) Adobe XD
9 2 (0.088%) Abaqus
9 2 (0.088%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 2 (0.088%) AutoCAD
9 2 (0.088%) Gephi
9 2 (0.088%) Marvel
Business Applications
1 41 (1.80%) SAP S/4HANA
2 32 (1.40%) SAP Hybris
3 15 (0.66%) SAP CRM
4 13 (0.57%) SAP SD
5 10 (0.44%) Dynamics NAV
6 9 (0.39%) SAP GTS
7 8 (0.35%) Workday HCM
8 7 (0.31%) Magento
9 6 (0.26%) Oracle Applications
10 4 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
10 4 (0.18%) Infor M3
10 4 (0.18%) Northgate Housing
11 2 (0.088%) Oracle CRM On Demand
11 2 (0.088%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 2 (0.088%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 1 (0.044%) SAP CO
12 1 (0.044%) SAP FI
12 1 (0.044%) SAP FI/CO
12 1 (0.044%) SAP IBP
12 1 (0.044%) SAP Retail
Cloud Services
1 224 (9.83%) AWS
2 163 (7.15%) Azure
3 67 (2.94%) GCP
4 52 (2.28%) Office 365
5 41 (1.80%) SaaS
6 39 (1.71%) GitHub
7 34 (1.49%) Serverless
8 24 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
9 23 (1.01%) AWS Lambda
10 22 (0.97%) Power Platform
11 16 (0.70%) OpenShift
11 16 (0.70%) PaaS
12 15 (0.66%) Amazon ECS
13 14 (0.61%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 14 (0.61%) Amazon S3
13 14 (0.61%) AWS CloudFormation
13 14 (0.61%) IaaS
14 13 (0.57%) Amazon EC2
15 12 (0.53%) BlazeMeter
16 10 (0.44%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 116 (5.09%) Wireless
2 109 (4.78%) TCP/IP
3 98 (4.30%) Internet
4 69 (3.03%) Bluetooth
5 47 (2.06%) Firewall
6 37 (1.62%) Ethernet
7 35 (1.54%) Skype
8 32 (1.40%) Wi-Fi
9 31 (1.36%) VPN
10 29 (1.27%) MQTT
11 28 (1.23%) LTE
12 27 (1.18%) 5G
13 22 (0.97%) H.323
13 22 (0.97%) Network Security
13 22 (0.97%) ZigBee
14 20 (0.88%) DHCP
14 20 (0.88%) HTTP
15 18 (0.79%) 3GPP
16 17 (0.75%) Unified Communications
16 17 (0.75%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 105 (4.61%) MySQL
2 85 (3.73%) Big Data
3 70 (3.07%) Relational Database
4 65 (2.85%) SQL Server
5 52 (2.28%) NoSQL
6 50 (2.19%) MongoDB
7 48 (2.11%) PostgreSQL
8 38 (1.67%) Hadoop
9 33 (1.45%) Data Warehouse
9 33 (1.45%) Redis
10 30 (1.32%) BusinessObjects
11 26 (1.14%) Oracle Database
12 22 (0.97%) Power BI
13 18 (0.79%) Data Lake
13 18 (0.79%) DB2
14 15 (0.66%) RDBMS
15 14 (0.61%) KDB
16 12 (0.53%) Kdb+
16 12 (0.53%) QlikView
16 12 (0.53%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 269 (11.80%) Git (software)
2 192 (8.42%) JIRA
3 170 (7.46%) Jenkins
4 54 (2.37%) Subversion
5 52 (2.28%) Visual Studio
6 50 (2.19%) Selenium
7 37 (1.62%) Eclipse
8 35 (1.54%) Maven
9 27 (1.18%) Cucumber
9 27 (1.18%) SoapUI
10 26 (1.14%) JMeter
11 24 (1.05%) JUnit
12 23 (1.01%) LoadRunner
13 20 (0.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 19 (0.83%) Bitbucket
15 18 (0.79%) LabVIEW
16 17 (0.75%) eggPlant
16 17 (0.75%) GitLab
17 16 (0.70%) Rational DOORS
18 15 (0.66%) Postman
General
1 317 (13.91%) Finance
2 183 (8.03%) Electronics
3 132 (5.79%) Telecoms
4 121 (5.31%) Manufacturing
5 102 (4.48%) Retail
6 101 (4.43%) Marketing
7 76 (3.33%) Automotive
8 69 (3.03%) Banking
8 69 (3.03%) Games
9 68 (2.98%) Public Sector
10 66 (2.90%) Military
11 65 (2.85%) Aerospace
12 34 (1.49%) Legal
13 32 (1.40%) Law
14 28 (1.23%) Advertising
15 26 (1.14%) Local Government
16 14 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
17 11 (0.48%) Back Office
17 11 (0.48%) Police
18 9 (0.39%) Billing
Job Titles
1 567 (24.88%) Software Engineer
2 418 (18.34%) Developer
3 265 (11.63%) Embedded Engineer
4 216 (9.48%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 163 (7.15%) Senior Software Engineer
6 123 (5.40%) Architect
7 120 (5.27%) C++ Software Engineer
8 113 (4.96%) Consultant
9 100 (4.39%) Software Developer
10 82 (3.60%) C Software Engineer
11 81 (3.55%) Analyst
12 70 (3.07%) Senior Developer
13 66 (2.90%) C++ Developer
14 64 (2.81%) C# Developer
15 62 (2.72%) .NET Developer
16 60 (2.63%) Junior
17 57 (2.50%) C/C++ Software Engineer
18 51 (2.24%) Embedded C Engineer
18 51 (2.24%) Graduate
19 47 (2.06%) Firmware Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 248 (10.88%) .NET
2 143 (6.27%) HTML
3 103 (4.52%) CSS
4 94 (4.12%) REST
5 86 (3.77%) Web Services
6 85 (3.73%) Node.js
7 83 (3.64%) React
8 81 (3.55%) AngularJS
9 60 (2.63%) JSON
10 56 (2.46%) RESTful
11 55 (2.41%) XML
12 54 (2.37%) HTML5
13 51 (2.24%) .NET Core
14 45 (1.97%) Spring
15 42 (1.84%) .NET Framework
15 42 (1.84%) ASP.NET
16 41 (1.80%) Kafka
17 39 (1.71%) Middleware
18 37 (1.62%) WinForms
19 33 (1.45%) Qt
Miscellaneous
1 233 (10.22%) Analytical Skills
2 163 (7.15%) Algorithms
3 122 (5.35%) Embedded Systems
4 102 (4.48%) Self-Motivation
5 92 (4.04%) User Experience
6 72 (3.16%) Management Information System
7 70 (3.07%) Mobile App
8 65 (2.85%) Greenfield Project
9 63 (2.76%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
10 50 (2.19%) Internet of Things
11 46 (2.02%) Linux Command Line
12 41 (1.80%) Device Driver
13 38 (1.67%) Data Structures
14 37 (1.62%) Robotics
15 33 (1.45%) Public Cloud
16 30 (1.32%) VHDL
17 28 (1.23%) PKI
17 28 (1.23%) Video Conferencing
18 22 (0.97%) Smartphone
18 22 (0.97%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 618 (27.12%) Linux
2 293 (12.86%) Windows
3 141 (6.19%) Unix
4 96 (4.21%) Android
5 76 (3.33%) Embedded Linux
6 70 (3.07%) Apple iOS
7 48 (2.11%) CentOS
8 41 (1.80%) Windows Server
9 31 (1.36%) Ubuntu
10 30 (1.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 23 (1.01%) Windows 10
12 13 (0.57%) VxWorks
13 10 (0.44%) Debian
13 10 (0.44%) Mac OS
13 10 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
14 9 (0.39%) Fedora
14 9 (0.39%) FreeRTOS
14 9 (0.39%) Solaris
14 9 (0.39%) Windows 7
14 9 (0.39%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 808 (35.45%) Software Engineering
2 565 (24.79%) Agile Software Development
3 324 (14.22%) Problem-Solving
4 258 (11.32%) Computer Science
5 228 (10.00%) DevOps
6 209 (9.17%) Scrum
7 191 (8.38%) Mathematics
8 185 (8.12%) Test Automation
9 173 (7.59%) Project Management
10 169 (7.42%) Cybersecurity
11 167 (7.33%) SDLC
12 163 (7.15%) Mentoring
13 158 (6.93%) Analytics
14 156 (6.85%) Continuous Integration
15 130 (5.70%) OO
16 118 (5.18%) Machine Learning
17 104 (4.56%) Open Source
18 102 (4.48%) Data Science
19 100 (4.39%) Continuous Improvement
20 94 (4.12%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 1,100 (48.27%) C++
2 691 (30.32%) Python
3 574 (25.19%) Java
4 439 (19.26%) C#
5 302 (13.25%) JavaScript
6 260 (11.41%) SQL
7 219 (9.61%) Embedded C
8 116 (5.09%) Go
9 110 (4.83%) Bash Shell
10 109 (4.78%) PHP
11 72 (3.16%) Perl
12 64 (2.81%) Assembly Language
13 63 (2.76%) Ruby
14 62 (2.72%) Embedded C++
15 61 (2.68%) PowerShell
16 59 (2.59%) MATLAB
17 52 (2.28%) R
18 47 (2.06%) Scala
18 47 (2.06%) VB.NET
19 39 (1.71%) VB
Qualifications
1 573 (25.14%) Degree
2 265 (11.63%) Security Cleared
3 138 (6.06%) DV Cleared
4 130 (5.70%) SC Cleared
5 111 (4.87%) Computer Science Degree
6 43 (1.89%) PhD
7 36 (1.58%) HND
8 31 (1.36%) CISSP
9 28 (1.23%) HNC
10 27 (1.18%) Chartered Engineer
11 23 (1.01%) Microsoft Certification
12 21 (0.92%) Cisco Certification
13 19 (0.83%) Numerate Degree
13 19 (0.83%) SANS
14 18 (0.79%) CCNA
15 17 (0.75%) ISTQB
16 14 (0.61%) CISM
17 13 (0.57%) MCSE
18 12 (0.53%) CEH
19 11 (0.48%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 98 (4.30%) QA
2 25 (1.10%) IEC 61508
3 23 (1.01%) GDPR
4 22 (0.97%) Def Stans
5 21 (0.92%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 21 (0.92%) MISRA
6 16 (0.70%) SLA
7 14 (0.61%) Actionable Recommendations
8 13 (0.57%) ISO 9001
8 13 (0.57%) MISRA C
9 10 (0.44%) HAZOP
9 10 (0.44%) ISO 26262
10 8 (0.35%) PMO
11 7 (0.31%) DICOM
11 7 (0.31%) DO-178B
12 6 (0.26%) IEC 62304
12 6 (0.26%) ISO 13485
13 5 (0.22%) Data Quality
14 4 (0.18%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 4 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 192 (8.42%) Docker
2 190 (8.34%) Firmware
3 48 (2.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 42 (1.84%) Active Directory
5 14 (0.61%) VMware ESXi
6 10 (0.44%) VirtualBox
7 9 (0.39%) NFS
8 8 (0.35%) vSphere
8 8 (0.35%) Xen
9 7 (0.31%) KVM
9 7 (0.31%) Samba
10 6 (0.26%) ACF2
10 6 (0.26%) Hyper-V
10 6 (0.26%) LXC
10 6 (0.26%) RACF
11 5 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
11 5 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
12 4 (0.18%) OpenAM
13 3 (0.13%) Microsoft App-V
14 2 (0.088%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 86 (3.77%) Kubernetes
2 69 (3.03%) Ansible
3 35 (1.54%) Terraform
4 33 (1.45%) Puppet
5 19 (0.83%) Opscode Chef
6 12 (0.53%) Cisco CUCM
6 12 (0.53%) SCCM
6 12 (0.53%) vCenter Server
7 11 (0.48%) Kibana
8 10 (0.44%) HP Quality Center
8 10 (0.44%) Microsoft Intune
8 10 (0.44%) Nagios
9 9 (0.39%) BMC PATROL
9 9 (0.39%) SELinux
10 8 (0.35%) Rancher
11 7 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
11 7 (0.31%) OpenNMS
11 7 (0.31%) QRadar
11 7 (0.31%) SCOM
11 7 (0.31%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 191 (8.38%) Microsoft
2 99 (4.34%) SAP
3 82 (3.60%) Oracle
4 61 (2.68%) VMware
5 58 (2.54%) Google
6 46 (2.02%) Cisco
7 44 (1.93%) Red Hat
8 40 (1.76%) hybris
9 27 (1.18%) IBM
10 26 (1.14%) Atlassian
11 25 (1.10%) HP
12 24 (1.05%) EMC
13 20 (0.88%) Tableau
14 19 (0.83%) Intel
14 19 (0.83%) Xamarin
15 18 (0.79%) Apple
16 15 (0.66%) NetApp
16 15 (0.66%) Salesforce.com
16 15 (0.66%) SolarWinds
17 14 (0.61%) Workday