Period
to 26 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 26 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C
UK
6 months to
26 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 86 96 97
Rank change year-on-year +10 +1 -1
Permanent jobs citing C 4,980 5,797 5,401
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.45% 3.32% 3.11%
As % of the Programming Languages category 6.39% 5.92% 5.63%
Number of salaries quoted 3,403 4,307 4,341
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £29,900 £28,750
90th Percentile £78,750 £79,700 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +11.76% -

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 77,963 97,884 95,981
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.96% 56.10% 55.28%
Number of salaries quoted 63,837 81,485 81,028
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,133
% change year-on-year - +6.81% +5.33%

C
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing C.

Salary trend for C in the UK

C
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing C over the 6 months to 26 June 2019.

Salary histogram for C in the UK

C
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C within the UK over the 6 months to 26 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 4,699 £50,000 - 664
UK excluding London +4 3,585 £47,500 - 608
London +5 1,289 £62,500 +4.17% 113
South East +13 1,260 £47,500 - 133
South West +6 904 £49,500 +7.61% 72
North of England -6 495 £45,000 +2.27% 115
Midlands +60 410 £42,500 -5.56% 67
East of England -25 323 £48,750 -2.50% 168
North West +12 293 £46,500 +3.33% 52
West Midlands +38 270 £45,000 -7.22% 42
Yorkshire +2 174 £45,000 +7.78% 45
East Midlands +74 140 £37,500 - 25
Scotland +12 128 £42,500 -5.56% 35
Wales +14 48 £40,000 -3.61% 14
North East +4 29 £45,000 +12.50% 18
Northern Ireland -25 25 £53,750 +26.47% 8
Channel Islands +8 1 £75,000 +20.00%

For the 6 months to 26 June 2019, IT jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for C.

1 2,212 (44.42%) C++
2 1,897 (38.09%) Software Engineering
3 1,410 (28.31%) Degree
4 1,409 (28.29%) Python
5 1,399 (28.09%) Agile Software Development
6 1,328 (26.67%) Java
7 1,211 (24.32%) Linux
8 1,001 (20.10%) C#
9 884 (17.75%) Security Cleared
10 725 (14.56%) SQL
11 681 (13.67%) Finance
12 645 (12.95%) Mathematics
13 630 (12.65%) Computer Science
14 622 (12.49%) JavaScript
15 607 (12.19%) SC Cleared
16 601 (12.07%) Problem-Solving
17 594 (11.93%) Analytical Skills
18 561 (11.27%) Windows
19 525 (10.54%) DevOps
20 489 (9.82%) Microsoft
20 489 (9.82%) Scrum
21 450 (9.04%) .NET
22 437 (8.78%) Git (software)
23 433 (8.69%) Continuous Integration
24 428 (8.59%) Electronics
25 409 (8.21%) Test Automation
26 392 (7.87%) OO
27 387 (7.77%) SDLC
28 382 (7.67%) Algorithms
29 380 (7.63%) DV Cleared

C
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 97 (1.95%) Apache
2 96 (1.93%) Apache Spark
3 81 (1.63%) Confluence
4 62 (1.24%) Elasticsearch
5 45 (0.90%) JBoss
6 44 (0.88%) Tomcat
7 43 (0.86%) MS Exchange
8 42 (0.84%) SharePoint
9 36 (0.72%) IIS
10 34 (0.68%) OpenStack
10 34 (0.68%) WebLogic
11 30 (0.60%) SAS
12 28 (0.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 24 (0.48%) WebSphere
14 20 (0.40%) nginx
15 18 (0.36%) Apache Pig
16 16 (0.32%) Exchange Server 2013
17 15 (0.30%) CMS
18 14 (0.28%) Skype for Business
19 9 (0.18%) Jetty
Applications
1 137 (2.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 109 (2.19%) Microsoft Office
3 57 (1.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 45 (0.90%) Simulink
5 27 (0.54%) Microsoft Project
5 27 (0.54%) MS Visio
6 15 (0.30%) Fireworks
7 10 (0.20%) GNU Octave
7 10 (0.20%) Photoshop
7 10 (0.20%) SOLIDWORKS
7 10 (0.20%) Stateflow
8 9 (0.18%) TargetLink
9 8 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
10 5 (0.10%) Doxygen
11 4 (0.080%) Adobe XD
11 4 (0.080%) Spreadsheet
12 3 (0.060%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 3 (0.060%) InVision
12 3 (0.060%) OrCAD
12 3 (0.060%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 45 (0.90%) SAP CRM
2 38 (0.76%) SAP ERP
3 29 (0.58%) Dynamics NAV
4 25 (0.50%) SAP S/4HANA
5 23 (0.46%) Oracle EBS
6 22 (0.44%) SAP SD
7 18 (0.36%) Oracle Applications
8 9 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
8 9 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
8 9 (0.18%) Oracle EBS R12
8 9 (0.18%) Oracle Payroll
8 9 (0.18%) R3 Corda
8 9 (0.18%) Teamcenter
9 8 (0.16%) SAP GRC
10 7 (0.14%) SAP GTS
11 6 (0.12%) Magento
12 4 (0.080%) Dynamics AX
13 3 (0.060%) SAP Hybris
13 3 (0.060%) SAP Oil and Gas
14 2 (0.040%) SAP IBP
Cloud Services
1 327 (6.57%) Amazon AWS
2 255 (5.12%) Microsoft Azure
3 164 (3.29%) Office 365
4 125 (2.51%) SaaS
5 82 (1.65%) Google Cloud Platform
6 70 (1.41%) G Suite
7 44 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
8 41 (0.82%) IaaS
9 34 (0.68%) Serverless
10 33 (0.66%) PaaS
11 31 (0.62%) GitHub
11 31 (0.62%) OpenShift
12 22 (0.44%) AWS Lambda
13 20 (0.40%) Power Platform
14 17 (0.34%) AWS IoT
14 17 (0.34%) Dynamics 365
15 15 (0.30%) Amazon SQS
16 12 (0.24%) Amazon EC2
17 11 (0.22%) OneDrive
18 10 (0.20%) Adobe Creative Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 258 (5.18%) TCP/IP
2 150 (3.01%) Internet
3 142 (2.85%) Firewall
4 133 (2.67%) Wireless
5 98 (1.97%) Network Security
6 85 (1.71%) Bluetooth
7 82 (1.65%) Ethernet
7 82 (1.65%) Wi-Fi
8 71 (1.43%) RS-485
9 60 (1.20%) LAN
10 50 (1.00%) Modbus
11 48 (0.96%) VoIP
12 47 (0.94%) WAN
13 46 (0.92%) RS-232
14 45 (0.90%) HTTP
15 41 (0.82%) DNS
15 41 (0.82%) MQTT
16 36 (0.72%) VPN
17 34 (0.68%) Software-Defined Radio
18 26 (0.52%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 230 (4.62%) SQL Server
2 222 (4.46%) Big Data
3 191 (3.84%) Hadoop
4 138 (2.77%) Relational Database
5 102 (2.05%) PostgreSQL
6 84 (1.69%) MySQL
7 71 (1.43%) Oracle Database
8 58 (1.16%) NoSQL
9 57 (1.14%) GIS
10 55 (1.10%) MongoDB
11 41 (0.82%) Data Warehouse
12 37 (0.74%) SAP HANA
13 33 (0.66%) Apache Hive
13 33 (0.66%) Oracle Database 11g
13 33 (0.66%) RDBMS
14 27 (0.54%) Oracle Database 10g
15 24 (0.48%) Data Mining
16 23 (0.46%) SQL Server 2014
16 23 (0.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 22 (0.44%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 437 (8.78%) Git (software)
2 349 (7.01%) Jenkins
3 346 (6.95%) JIRA
4 176 (3.53%) Visual Studio
5 174 (3.49%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 144 (2.89%) Selenium
7 132 (2.65%) Maven
8 108 (2.17%) Cucumber
9 101 (2.03%) Bitbucket
10 92 (1.85%) Subversion
11 90 (1.81%) SoapUI
12 89 (1.79%) Rational DOORS
13 79 (1.59%) Appium
14 73 (1.47%) Bitbucket Server
14 73 (1.47%) JUnit
14 73 (1.47%) WATIR
15 71 (1.43%) Eclipse
16 68 (1.37%) JMeter
17 66 (1.33%) Buildbot
18 65 (1.31%) Ranorex
General
1 681 (13.67%) Finance
2 428 (8.59%) Electronics
3 286 (5.74%) Banking
4 180 (3.61%) Telecoms
5 177 (3.55%) Military
5 177 (3.55%) Retail
6 162 (3.25%) Marketing
7 153 (3.07%) Manufacturing
8 146 (2.93%) Automotive
9 116 (2.33%) Aerospace
10 94 (1.89%) Games
11 66 (1.33%) Pharmaceutical
12 58 (1.16%) Legal
13 49 (0.98%) Law
14 40 (0.80%) Front Office
15 31 (0.62%) Local Government
16 30 (0.60%) Back Office
17 29 (0.58%) Financial Institution
18 26 (0.52%) Avionics
19 19 (0.38%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,243 (24.96%) Software Engineer
2 1,015 (20.38%) Developer
3 560 (11.24%) Embedded Engineer
4 463 (9.30%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 379 (7.61%) Software Developer
6 337 (6.77%) Analyst
7 290 (5.82%) Consultant
8 272 (5.46%) Architect
9 265 (5.32%) Senior Software Engineer
10 232 (4.66%) C++ Software Engineer
11 180 (3.61%) C# Developer
12 172 (3.45%) Junior
13 165 (3.31%) C++ Developer
14 163 (3.27%) Systems Engineer
15 147 (2.95%) C Software Engineer
16 141 (2.83%) Senior Developer
17 133 (2.67%) .NET Developer
18 124 (2.49%) Graduate
18 124 (2.49%) Java Developer
19 121 (2.43%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 450 (9.04%) .NET
2 355 (7.13%) HTML
3 260 (5.22%) Spring
4 241 (4.84%) CSS
5 226 (4.54%) AngularJS
6 194 (3.90%) ASP.NET
7 190 (3.82%) Web Services
8 167 (3.35%) Node.js
9 139 (2.79%) REST
10 138 (2.77%) HTML5
11 128 (2.57%) XML
12 117 (2.35%) React
13 100 (2.01%) SOAP
14 96 (1.93%) Ajax
14 96 (1.93%) RESTful
15 86 (1.73%) Kafka
16 84 (1.69%) JSF
17 83 (1.67%) Hibernate
17 83 (1.67%) J2EE
18 78 (1.57%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 594 (11.93%) Analytical Skills
2 382 (7.67%) Algorithms
3 298 (5.98%) Embedded Systems
4 209 (4.20%) Self-Motivation
5 204 (4.10%) Management Information System
6 168 (3.37%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
7 130 (2.61%) VHDL
8 127 (2.55%) Device Driver
9 100 (2.01%) Internet of Things
10 98 (1.97%) User Experience
11 94 (1.89%) Mobile App
12 88 (1.77%) Robotics
13 70 (1.41%) Data Centre
14 68 (1.37%) Smartphone
15 58 (1.16%) Data Structures
16 52 (1.04%) CAN bus
17 49 (0.98%) Enterprise Software
18 48 (0.96%) Driving Licence
18 48 (0.96%) Greenfield Project
19 45 (0.90%) Analogue Electronics
Operating Systems
1 1,211 (24.32%) Linux
2 561 (11.27%) Windows
3 311 (6.24%) Android
4 259 (5.20%) Unix
5 155 (3.11%) Apple iOS
6 119 (2.39%) Windows Server
7 102 (2.05%) Embedded Linux
7 102 (2.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 79 (1.59%) CentOS
9 72 (1.45%) FreeRTOS
10 70 (1.41%) Windows 10
11 64 (1.29%) Ubuntu
12 45 (0.90%) Mac OS X
13 43 (0.86%) Windows Server 2012
14 36 (0.72%) Windows 7
15 33 (0.66%) Windows Server 2008
16 28 (0.56%) Debian
17 25 (0.50%) SUSE
18 21 (0.42%) AIX
19 19 (0.38%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,897 (38.09%) Software Engineering
2 1,399 (28.09%) Agile Software Development
3 645 (12.95%) Mathematics
4 630 (12.65%) Computer Science
5 601 (12.07%) Problem-Solving
6 525 (10.54%) DevOps
7 489 (9.82%) Scrum
8 433 (8.69%) Continuous Integration
9 409 (8.21%) Test Automation
10 392 (7.87%) OO
11 387 (7.77%) SDLC
12 371 (7.45%) TDD
13 368 (7.39%) Project Management
14 361 (7.25%) Cybersecurity
15 355 (7.13%) Analytics
16 336 (6.75%) Mentoring
17 307 (6.16%) Machine Learning
18 273 (5.48%) Open Source
19 265 (5.32%) Configuration Management
19 265 (5.32%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 2,212 (44.42%) C++
2 1,409 (28.29%) Python
3 1,328 (26.67%) Java
4 1,001 (20.10%) C#
5 725 (14.56%) SQL
6 622 (12.49%) JavaScript
7 371 (7.45%) Embedded C
8 224 (4.50%) Scala
9 211 (4.24%) MATLAB
10 200 (4.02%) Ruby
11 199 (4.00%) Bash Shell
12 190 (3.82%) R
13 180 (3.61%) Perl
14 177 (3.55%) PHP
15 175 (3.51%) Embedded C++
15 175 (3.51%) Go
16 116 (2.33%) PowerShell
17 113 (2.27%) Assembly Language
18 109 (2.19%) PL/SQL
19 104 (2.09%) VB
Qualifications
1 1,410 (28.31%) Degree
2 884 (17.75%) Security Cleared
3 607 (12.19%) SC Cleared
4 380 (7.63%) DV Cleared
5 217 (4.36%) Computer Science Degree
6 139 (2.79%) PhD
7 102 (2.05%) Cisco Certification
8 75 (1.51%) CCNA
9 71 (1.43%) CISSP
10 67 (1.35%) Microsoft Certification
11 50 (1.00%) ISTQB
12 43 (0.86%) BPSS Clearance
13 39 (0.78%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 37 (0.74%) PMI Certification
15 35 (0.70%) CCNP
15 35 (0.70%) SANS
16 34 (0.68%) CompTIA Security+
16 34 (0.68%) Master's Degree
16 34 (0.68%) PMP
17 32 (0.64%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 190 (3.82%) QA
2 92 (1.85%) SLA
3 63 (1.27%) PMO
4 48 (0.96%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 44 (0.88%) JSP 440
6 41 (0.82%) IEC 61508
7 33 (0.66%) MISRA
8 30 (0.60%) GDPR
9 25 (0.50%) Def Stans
10 23 (0.46%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 21 (0.42%) DO-254
12 20 (0.40%) DO-178B
13 19 (0.38%) JTAG
14 18 (0.36%) HMG Infosec
15 16 (0.32%) ISO 9001
15 16 (0.32%) MISRA C
16 15 (0.30%) NCSC
17 14 (0.28%) IFRS
17 14 (0.28%) IFRS 9
17 14 (0.28%) NIST
System Software
1 320 (6.43%) Firmware
2 271 (5.44%) Docker
3 123 (2.47%) Active Directory
4 83 (1.67%) VMware Infrastructure
5 52 (1.04%) Hyper-V
6 45 (0.90%) vSphere
7 42 (0.84%) VirtualBox
8 31 (0.62%) NFS
9 28 (0.56%) VMware ESXi
10 21 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
11 15 (0.30%) Apache Flume
11 15 (0.30%) VMware NSX
12 12 (0.24%) Microsoft App-V
13 11 (0.22%) XenDesktop
14 10 (0.20%) Samba
15 8 (0.16%) Xen
16 6 (0.12%) BitLocker
16 6 (0.12%) XenApp
17 5 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
18 3 (0.060%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 165 (3.31%) Ansible
2 126 (2.53%) Kubernetes
3 87 (1.75%) Puppet
4 80 (1.61%) Opscode Chef
5 59 (1.18%) Terraform
6 42 (0.84%) HP ALM
7 37 (0.74%) HP Quality Center
8 30 (0.60%) SELinux
9 29 (0.58%) SCCM
10 24 (0.48%) Cisco CUCM
11 20 (0.40%) Nagios
12 14 (0.28%) Oozie
12 14 (0.28%) SCOM
12 14 (0.28%) vCenter Server
13 13 (0.26%) Microsoft Intune
14 11 (0.22%) Docker Swarm
14 11 (0.22%) ZABBIX
15 9 (0.18%) Salt
16 8 (0.16%) Packer
16 8 (0.16%) PTC Integrity
Vendors
1 489 (9.82%) Microsoft
2 312 (6.27%) Oracle
3 197 (3.96%) SAP
4 183 (3.67%) Google
5 127 (2.55%) Cisco
6 110 (2.21%) VMware
7 88 (1.77%) HP
8 84 (1.69%) Red Hat
9 71 (1.43%) EMC
10 61 (1.22%) Atlassian
11 38 (0.76%) Xilinx
12 37 (0.74%) Adobe
13 34 (0.68%) Samsung
14 33 (0.66%) NetApp
15 29 (0.58%) hybris
15 29 (0.58%) Tableau
16 27 (0.54%) QNX
17 25 (0.50%) Apple
18 24 (0.48%) Mentor Graphics
19 23 (0.46%) IBM