Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 43 81 148
Rank change year-on-year +38 +67 +101
Permanent jobs citing Terraform 6,932 2,577 3,596
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 6.14% 3.79% 2.51%
As % of the Systems Management category 35.62% 25.24% 19.20%
Number of salaries quoted 4,657 2,114 2,717
10th Percentile £45,000 £43,674 £42,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £70,000
75th Percentile £87,500 £86,250 £86,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £97,500 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 19,459 10,209 18,730
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.22% 15.02% 13.07%
Number of salaries quoted 12,969 8,345 14,455
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,250 £32,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Salary trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Salary histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +33 6,363 £72,500 +3.57% 1,153
London +13 3,510 £80,000 +3.23% 625
UK excluding London +70 2,956 £60,000 +4.35% 569
Work from Home +13 1,683 £70,000 +12.00% 280
North of England +42 1,150 £60,000 +9.09% 206
South East +68 676 £65,000 -3.70% 102
North West +60 565 £60,000 +6.34% 120
Yorkshire +28 511 £60,000 +9.09% 68
Midlands +87 455 £65,000 +8.33% 87
South West +25 342 £57,500 -4.17% 61
West Midlands +68 340 £70,000 +21.74% 61
Scotland +49 193 £62,000 +20.98% 29
East Midlands +31 110 £65,000 +4.00% 26
East of England -24 83 £65,000 +30.00% 60
North East +15 75 £47,500 - 18
Wales +8 56 £60,000 +20.00% 20
Northern Ireland -29 4 - - 5
Isle of Man - 2 £52,000 -

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 4,878 (70.37%) DevOps
2 4,568 (65.90%) AWS
3 3,902 (56.29%) Docker
4 3,816 (55.05%) Kubernetes
5 3,105 (44.79%) Agile Software Development
6 3,002 (43.31%) Azure
7 2,689 (38.79%) Python
8 2,620 (37.80%) Infrastructure as Code
9 2,357 (34.00%) Ansible
10 2,053 (29.62%) Linux
11 1,910 (27.55%) Jenkins
12 1,609 (23.21%) Java
13 1,531 (22.09%) Software Engineering
14 1,527 (22.03%) GCP
15 1,346 (19.42%) Serverless
16 1,330 (19.19%) Microservices
17 1,318 (19.01%) JavaScript
18 1,199 (17.30%) Puppet
19 1,197 (17.27%) Finance
20 1,174 (16.94%) Continuous Integration
21 1,165 (16.81%) AWS CloudFormation
22 1,126 (16.24%) Git (software)
23 1,115 (16.08%) Social Skills
24 1,098 (15.84%) React
25 1,077 (15.54%) PowerShell
26 1,066 (15.38%) SQL
27 1,058 (15.26%) Bash Shell
28 1,048 (15.12%) Go
29 968 (13.96%) Configuration Management
30 909 (13.11%) Opscode Chef

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 291 (4.20%) Elasticsearch
2 253 (3.65%) Apache Spark
3 146 (2.11%) Apache Airflow
4 132 (1.90%) Confluence
5 110 (1.59%) Apache
6 83 (1.20%) Cloud Foundry
7 70 (1.01%) SharePoint
8 59 (0.85%) nginx
9 45 (0.65%) IIS
10 42 (0.61%) OpenStack
11 23 (0.33%) Tomcat
12 18 (0.26%) MS Exchange
13 17 (0.25%) Apache Pulsar
14 14 (0.20%) JBoss
14 14 (0.20%) WordPress
15 12 (0.17%) CMS
15 12 (0.17%) Jupyter
15 12 (0.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 11 (0.16%) Drupal
17 9 (0.13%) Umbraco
Applications
1 21 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
2 20 (0.29%) Sketch
3 14 (0.20%) InVision
4 7 (0.10%) Microsoft Excel
5 5 (0.072%) Adobe Illustrator
5 5 (0.072%) Adobe XD
5 5 (0.072%) Chatbot
5 5 (0.072%) Figma
5 5 (0.072%) Fireworks
5 5 (0.072%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.072%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.014%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 45 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 29 (0.42%) Sentinel
3 23 (0.33%) Magento
4 17 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
5 13 (0.19%) Shopify
6 12 (0.17%) R3 Corda
7 9 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
8 5 (0.072%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 4 (0.058%) Elite 3E
9 4 (0.058%) Summit
10 3 (0.043%) Infor M3
10 3 (0.043%) Oracle BPM
10 3 (0.043%) Oracle EBS
10 3 (0.043%) Oracle ERP
10 3 (0.043%) PeopleSoft HCM
11 1 (0.014%) Dynamics GP
11 1 (0.014%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 4,568 (65.90%) AWS
2 3,002 (43.31%) Azure
3 1,527 (22.03%) GCP
4 1,346 (19.42%) Serverless
5 1,165 (16.81%) AWS CloudFormation
6 647 (9.33%) AWS Lambda
7 603 (8.70%) PaaS
8 585 (8.44%) GitHub
9 516 (7.44%) SaaS
10 489 (7.05%) IaaS
11 438 (6.32%) Amazon ECS
12 395 (5.70%) Amazon S3
13 341 (4.92%) Amazon EC2
14 319 (4.60%) Amazon EKS
15 309 (4.46%) Amazon SQS
16 281 (4.05%) Azure Active Directory
17 249 (3.59%) Datadog
18 203 (2.93%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 177 (2.55%) Pulumi
20 173 (2.50%) Azure Key Vault
Communications & Networking
1 298 (4.30%) Firewall
2 166 (2.39%) TCP/IP
3 140 (2.02%) DNS
4 132 (1.90%) HTTP
5 116 (1.67%) Network Security
6 97 (1.40%) VPN
7 73 (1.05%) WAN
8 63 (0.91%) LAN
9 55 (0.79%) Internet
10 52 (0.75%) SSL
11 49 (0.71%) AMQP
12 30 (0.43%) IPv4
13 26 (0.38%) IPsec
14 24 (0.35%) VLAN
15 23 (0.33%) SMTP
16 21 (0.30%) SD-WAN
17 20 (0.29%) DHCP
17 20 (0.29%) DMZ
17 20 (0.29%) SAN
18 19 (0.27%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 764 (11.02%) PostgreSQL
2 559 (8.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 533 (7.69%) Big Data
4 500 (7.21%) MySQL
5 452 (6.52%) NoSQL
6 379 (5.47%) Amazon RDS
7 366 (5.28%) MongoDB
8 330 (4.76%) Redis
9 277 (4.00%) SQL Server
10 238 (3.43%) Hadoop
11 219 (3.16%) Relational Database
12 172 (2.48%) Azure SQL Database
13 146 (2.11%) Amazon Athena
13 146 (2.11%) MariaDB
14 126 (1.82%) Amazon Redshift
15 98 (1.41%) Neo4j
16 97 (1.40%) BigQuery
17 89 (1.28%) Amazon Aurora
18 81 (1.17%) Data Warehouse
19 71 (1.02%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,910 (27.55%) Jenkins
2 1,126 (16.24%) Git (software)
3 626 (9.03%) GitLab
4 349 (5.03%) JIRA
5 301 (4.34%) CircleCI
6 290 (4.18%) TeamCity
7 269 (3.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 230 (3.32%) Octopus Deploy
9 182 (2.63%) Bitbucket
10 163 (2.35%) Team Foundation Server
11 134 (1.93%) Vagrant
12 129 (1.86%) Artifactory
13 126 (1.82%) Cypress.io
14 117 (1.69%) Travis CI
15 112 (1.62%) Selenium
16 86 (1.24%) Sonatype Nexus
17 69 (1.00%) Maven
18 63 (0.91%) Visual Studio Team System
19 59 (0.85%) Gradle
20 58 (0.84%) JMeter
General
1 1,197 (17.27%) Finance
2 1,115 (16.08%) Social Skills
3 333 (4.80%) Banking
4 274 (3.95%) Games
5 235 (3.39%) Public Sector
6 228 (3.29%) Retail
7 190 (2.74%) Analytical Skills
8 176 (2.54%) Marketing
9 160 (2.31%) Front Office
10 157 (2.26%) Law
11 155 (2.24%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 120 (1.73%) Presentation Skills
13 84 (1.21%) Telecoms
14 81 (1.17%) Advertising
15 59 (0.85%) Manufacturing
16 54 (0.78%) Legal
17 49 (0.71%) Local Government
18 36 (0.52%) Organisational Skills
19 35 (0.50%) Electronics
20 34 (0.49%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,492 (35.95%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,154 (16.65%) Developer
3 885 (12.77%) AWS Engineer
4 676 (9.75%) Software Engineer
5 671 (9.68%) Senior DevOps
6 638 (9.20%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 625 (9.02%) Cloud Engineer
8 604 (8.71%) AWS DevOps
9 574 (8.28%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 506 (7.30%) Azure Engineer
11 485 (7.00%) Platform Engineer
12 388 (5.60%) Architect
13 311 (4.49%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 302 (4.36%) Java Developer
15 278 (4.01%) Site Reliability Engineer
16 244 (3.52%) Senior Developer
17 236 (3.40%) Senior Software Engineer
18 226 (3.26%) Site Engineer
19 179 (2.58%) React Developer
20 171 (2.47%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,098 (15.84%) React
2 843 (12.16%) Node.js
3 630 (9.09%) .NET
4 612 (8.83%) Web Services
5 550 (7.93%) REST
6 523 (7.54%) GraphQL
7 464 (6.69%) Spring
8 462 (6.66%) AngularJS
9 453 (6.53%) Kafka
10 315 (4.54%) .NET Core
11 268 (3.87%) CSS
12 260 (3.75%) Spring Boot
13 253 (3.65%) Vue.js
14 245 (3.53%) RabbitMQ
15 239 (3.45%) Elastic Stack
16 233 (3.36%) RESTful
17 216 (3.12%) Middleware
18 175 (2.52%) Redux
19 163 (2.35%) React Native
20 151 (2.18%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 423 (6.10%) Greenfield Project
2 361 (5.21%) Public Cloud
3 359 (5.18%) Cloud Native
4 274 (3.95%) User Experience
5 183 (2.64%) Hybrid Cloud
6 173 (2.50%) Linux Command Line
7 164 (2.37%) Virtual Team
8 159 (2.29%) Data Centre
9 132 (1.90%) Mobile App
10 127 (1.83%) Blog
11 117 (1.69%) Algorithms
12 116 (1.67%) Self-Motivation
13 99 (1.43%) Hedge funds
14 90 (1.30%) Private Cloud
15 87 (1.26%) Legacy Systems
16 80 (1.15%) Enterprise Cloud
17 77 (1.11%) Data Structures
18 67 (0.97%) Management Information System
19 55 (0.79%) N-Tier
20 52 (0.75%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 2,053 (29.62%) Linux
2 787 (11.35%) Windows
3 286 (4.13%) Unix
4 193 (2.78%) Windows Server
5 143 (2.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 135 (1.95%) CentOS
7 95 (1.37%) Ubuntu
8 45 (0.65%) Android
9 44 (0.63%) Apple iOS
10 42 (0.61%) Windows Server 2016
11 31 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
12 27 (0.39%) Windows Server 2019
13 23 (0.33%) Mesosphere
14 19 (0.27%) VMS
15 14 (0.20%) Fedora
16 13 (0.19%) CoreOS
16 13 (0.19%) Mac OS
17 12 (0.17%) Data ONTAP
18 11 (0.16%) Debian
19 7 (0.10%) Alpine Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,878 (70.37%) DevOps
2 3,105 (44.79%) Agile Software Development
3 2,620 (37.80%) Infrastructure as Code
4 1,531 (22.09%) Software Engineering
5 1,330 (19.19%) Microservices
6 1,174 (16.94%) Continuous Integration
7 968 (13.96%) Configuration Management
8 886 (12.78%) Problem-Solving
9 739 (10.66%) Scrum
10 695 (10.03%) Full Stack Development
11 687 (9.91%) Open Source
12 679 (9.80%) Analytics
13 677 (9.77%) TDD
14 668 (9.64%) Site Reliability Engineering
15 652 (9.41%) Mentoring
16 613 (8.84%) Test Automation
17 547 (7.89%) Fintech
18 498 (7.18%) Deployment Automation
19 457 (6.59%) Migration
20 426 (6.15%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 2,689 (38.79%) Python
2 1,609 (23.21%) Java
3 1,318 (19.01%) JavaScript
4 1,077 (15.54%) PowerShell
5 1,066 (15.38%) SQL
6 1,058 (15.26%) Bash Shell
7 1,048 (15.12%) Go
8 840 (12.12%) C#
9 734 (10.59%) Ruby
10 719 (10.37%) TypeScript
11 294 (4.24%) PHP
12 287 (4.14%) Scala
13 243 (3.51%) C++
14 225 (3.25%) Java 8
15 215 (3.10%) Groovy
16 202 (2.91%) Kotlin
17 136 (1.96%) Shell Script
18 126 (1.82%) Perl
19 123 (1.77%) ES6
20 115 (1.66%) Rust
Qualifications
1 705 (10.17%) Security Cleared
2 616 (8.89%) SC Cleared
3 414 (5.97%) Degree
4 231 (3.33%) AWS Certification
5 139 (2.01%) Computer Science Degree
6 36 (0.52%) Microsoft Certification
7 34 (0.49%) DV Cleared
8 32 (0.46%) RHCE
9 25 (0.36%) RHCSA
10 22 (0.32%) Cisco Certification
11 14 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
12 13 (0.19%) PhD
12 13 (0.19%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 12 (0.17%) CCNA
13 12 (0.17%) MCSA
13 12 (0.17%) MCSE
13 12 (0.17%) TOGAF Certification
14 9 (0.13%) Numerate Degree
15 8 (0.12%) Master's Degree
15 8 (0.12%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 251 (3.62%) QA
2 62 (0.89%) GDPR
3 51 (0.74%) SLA
4 42 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 23 (0.33%) NIST
6 22 (0.32%) PCI DSS
7 21 (0.30%) Data Quality
8 13 (0.19%) Accessibility
9 12 (0.17%) NCSC
10 10 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 10 (0.14%) PSD2
11 9 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 4 (0.058%) ISO 9001
12 4 (0.058%) SOC 2
13 3 (0.043%) GxP
13 3 (0.043%) ISO 13485
13 3 (0.043%) PMO
13 3 (0.043%) SOC 1
14 2 (0.029%) Cyber Essentials
14 2 (0.029%) PMBOK
System Software
1 3,902 (56.29%) Docker
2 253 (3.65%) Active Directory
3 172 (2.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 97 (1.40%) Virtual Machines
5 74 (1.07%) VirtualBox
6 71 (1.02%) Hyper-V
7 22 (0.32%) Xen
8 20 (0.29%) VMware NSX
9 19 (0.27%) LXC
10 18 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 18 (0.26%) vSphere
11 15 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
12 11 (0.16%) etcd
13 10 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
14 8 (0.12%) Varnish
14 8 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
15 6 (0.087%) Citrix Hypervisor
16 4 (0.058%) Firmware
16 4 (0.058%) NFS
16 4 (0.058%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 3,816 (55.05%) Kubernetes
2 2,357 (34.00%) Ansible
3 1,199 (17.30%) Puppet
4 909 (13.11%) Opscode Chef
5 526 (7.59%) Prometheus
6 491 (7.08%) Grafana
7 233 (3.36%) Packer
8 167 (2.41%) Docker Swarm
9 150 (2.16%) Consul
10 130 (1.88%) Istio
11 100 (1.44%) Nagios
12 70 (1.01%) Salt
13 67 (0.97%) Kibana
14 61 (0.88%) Graphite
15 56 (0.81%) Rancher
16 45 (0.65%) ZABBIX
17 44 (0.63%) logstash
18 35 (0.50%) CFEngine
18 35 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
19 34 (0.49%) Opsview
Vendors
1 727 (10.49%) Google
2 606 (8.74%) Microsoft
3 277 (4.00%) VMware
4 229 (3.30%) Oracle
5 198 (2.86%) Splunk
6 154 (2.22%) SaltStack
7 146 (2.11%) Red Hat
8 125 (1.80%) New Relic
9 116 (1.67%) IBM
10 93 (1.34%) Cloudera
11 89 (1.28%) Hortonworks
12 84 (1.21%) Atlassian
13 70 (1.01%) Informatica
14 69 (1.00%) Cisco
14 69 (1.00%) Talend
15 43 (0.62%) AppDynamics
16 40 (0.58%) Nintex
16 40 (0.58%) PagerDuty
17 38 (0.55%) Samsung
18 35 (0.50%) Dynatrace