Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 45 50 132
Rank change year-on-year +5 +82 +103
Permanent jobs citing Terraform 7,872 2,481 3,594
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 6.19% 5.00% 2.62%
As % of the Systems Management category 36.84% 30.45% 20.03%
Number of salaries quoted 5,167 2,067 2,736
10th Percentile £47,500 £42,500 £43,350
25th Percentile £55,000 £51,250 £53,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £65,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +15.38% -7.14% +7.69%
75th Percentile £91,250 £82,500 £87,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £93,750 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £62,500 £56,250 £60,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% -6.25% +9.09%

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 21,369 8,149 17,939
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.81% 16.42% 13.09%
Number of salaries quoted 13,644 6,825 13,793
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,565 £32,000
25th Percentile £48,750 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £77,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £93,750 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.04%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Salary trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 7,049 £75,000 +15.38% 1,197
London +1 4,030 £82,500 +13.79% 674
UK excluding London +19 3,159 £62,500 +11.11% 595
Work from Home +5 2,081 £72,500 +20.83% 298
North of England +26 1,184 £60,000 +8.68% 189
South East +16 766 £67,500 +12.50% 109
North West +46 622 £62,500 +13.64% 110
Midlands +28 522 £65,000 +8.33% 78
Yorkshire +9 477 £60,000 +2.13% 52
West Midlands +17 396 £67,500 +12.50% 57
South West -11 291 £60,000 +9.09% 55
Scotland +21 229 £63,750 +27.50% 58
East Midlands +27 126 £65,000 +30.00% 21
East of England -72 103 £66,000 +20.00% 80
North East +11 86 £49,000 -2.00% 27
Wales -28 78 £60,000 +26.32% 25
Northern Ireland -45 4 - - 3
Isle of Man - 1 £69,000 -

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 5,390 (68.47%) DevOps
2 5,273 (66.98%) AWS
3 4,302 (54.65%) Docker
4 4,211 (53.49%) Kubernetes
5 3,397 (43.15%) Agile Software Development
6 3,374 (42.86%) Azure
7 3,081 (39.14%) Python
8 3,017 (38.33%) Infrastructure as Code
9 2,474 (31.43%) Ansible
10 2,102 (26.70%) Jenkins
11 2,094 (26.60%) Linux
12 2,068 (26.27%) Java
13 1,846 (23.45%) Software Engineering
14 1,822 (23.15%) GCP
15 1,623 (20.62%) Serverless
16 1,551 (19.70%) Microservices
17 1,544 (19.61%) JavaScript
18 1,509 (19.17%) Finance
19 1,424 (18.09%) AWS CloudFormation
20 1,353 (17.19%) Social Skills
21 1,322 (16.79%) React
22 1,260 (16.01%) PowerShell
23 1,240 (15.75%) Puppet
24 1,203 (15.28%) Bash Shell
25 1,197 (15.21%) Go
26 1,192 (15.14%) Continuous Integration
27 1,169 (14.85%) Git (software)
27 1,169 (14.85%) SQL
28 1,114 (14.15%) Problem-Solving
29 1,028 (13.06%) Opscode Chef

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 282 (3.58%) Elasticsearch
2 233 (2.96%) Apache Spark
3 167 (2.12%) Apache
4 160 (2.03%) Apache Airflow
5 159 (2.02%) Confluence
6 102 (1.30%) nginx
7 79 (1.00%) Cloud Foundry
8 75 (0.95%) IIS
9 56 (0.71%) OpenStack
10 38 (0.48%) SharePoint
11 30 (0.38%) Apache Solr
12 23 (0.29%) Tomcat
13 19 (0.24%) JBoss
14 17 (0.22%) Ethereum
15 16 (0.20%) MS Exchange
16 15 (0.19%) Jupyter
16 15 (0.19%) WebLogic
17 12 (0.15%) Camunda
17 12 (0.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 11 (0.14%) CMS
Applications
1 27 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (0.24%) Sketch
3 16 (0.20%) Figma
4 14 (0.18%) InVision
4 14 (0.18%) Microsoft Excel
5 12 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.064%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.064%) Adobe XD
6 5 (0.064%) Chatbot
6 5 (0.064%) Fireworks
6 5 (0.064%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.025%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.025%) Weka
Business Applications
1 27 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
2 25 (0.32%) Sentinel
3 18 (0.23%) Magento
3 18 (0.23%) R3 Corda
4 17 (0.22%) Shopify
5 13 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
6 12 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
7 6 (0.076%) Oracle BPM
7 6 (0.076%) Summit
8 5 (0.064%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 1 (0.013%) Dynamics GP
9 1 (0.013%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 5,273 (66.98%) AWS
2 3,374 (42.86%) Azure
3 1,822 (23.15%) GCP
4 1,623 (20.62%) Serverless
5 1,424 (18.09%) AWS CloudFormation
6 863 (10.96%) AWS Lambda
7 778 (9.88%) GitHub
8 603 (7.66%) SaaS
9 582 (7.39%) PaaS
10 535 (6.80%) Amazon S3
11 503 (6.39%) Amazon ECS
12 483 (6.14%) IaaS
13 408 (5.18%) Amazon EC2
14 389 (4.94%) Amazon SQS
15 328 (4.17%) Amazon EKS
16 266 (3.38%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 240 (3.05%) Datadog
18 206 (2.62%) AWS Step Functions
19 202 (2.57%) OpenShift
20 200 (2.54%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 310 (3.94%) Firewall
2 206 (2.62%) DNS
3 182 (2.31%) TCP/IP
4 168 (2.13%) HTTP
5 156 (1.98%) VPN
6 139 (1.77%) Network Security
7 69 (0.88%) Internet
8 67 (0.85%) WAN
9 53 (0.67%) AMQP
10 52 (0.66%) LAN
11 49 (0.62%) SSL
12 45 (0.57%) DHCP
13 39 (0.50%) BGP
14 35 (0.44%) Broadband
15 25 (0.32%) MQTT
16 24 (0.30%) SMTP
17 23 (0.29%) IPv4
18 22 (0.28%) IPsec
19 21 (0.27%) VLAN
20 19 (0.24%) Cisco IPT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 785 (9.97%) PostgreSQL
2 654 (8.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 572 (7.27%) MySQL
4 533 (6.77%) Big Data
5 483 (6.14%) Amazon RDS
6 463 (5.88%) NoSQL
7 380 (4.83%) Redis
8 352 (4.47%) MongoDB
9 282 (3.58%) Relational Database
10 277 (3.52%) SQL Server
11 209 (2.65%) Hadoop
12 161 (2.05%) Azure SQL Database
13 142 (1.80%) Amazon Athena
14 141 (1.79%) Amazon Redshift
15 131 (1.66%) Amazon Aurora
16 130 (1.65%) MariaDB
17 110 (1.40%) Blockchain
18 95 (1.21%) Data Warehouse
19 88 (1.12%) BigQuery
20 85 (1.08%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 2,102 (26.70%) Jenkins
2 1,169 (14.85%) Git (software)
3 666 (8.46%) GitLab
4 409 (5.20%) JIRA
5 327 (4.15%) TeamCity
6 292 (3.71%) CircleCI
7 277 (3.52%) Octopus Deploy
8 235 (2.99%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 226 (2.87%) Bitbucket
10 152 (1.93%) Selenium
11 147 (1.87%) Cypress.io
12 143 (1.82%) Team Foundation Server
13 127 (1.61%) Artifactory
14 109 (1.38%) Maven
15 93 (1.18%) Travis CI
16 91 (1.16%) Sonatype Nexus
17 85 (1.08%) JMeter
18 82 (1.04%) Vagrant
19 73 (0.93%) Cucumber
20 70 (0.89%) Gradle
General
1 1,509 (19.17%) Finance
2 1,353 (17.19%) Social Skills
3 351 (4.46%) Banking
4 322 (4.09%) Retail
5 297 (3.77%) Games
6 261 (3.32%) Front Office
7 237 (3.01%) Analytical Skills
8 208 (2.64%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 202 (2.57%) Public Sector
10 185 (2.35%) Law
11 184 (2.34%) Marketing
12 121 (1.54%) Presentation Skills
13 83 (1.05%) Telecoms
14 80 (1.02%) Legal
15 76 (0.97%) Advertising
16 74 (0.94%) Manufacturing
17 57 (0.72%) Organisational Skills
18 55 (0.70%) Publishing
19 50 (0.64%) Documentation Skills
20 44 (0.56%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,615 (33.22%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,414 (17.96%) Developer
3 989 (12.56%) Software Engineer
4 937 (11.90%) AWS Engineer
5 751 (9.54%) Cloud Engineer
6 625 (7.94%) Senior DevOps
7 623 (7.91%) AWS DevOps
8 606 (7.70%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 582 (7.39%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 482 (6.12%) Azure Engineer
11 467 (5.93%) Platform Engineer
12 448 (5.69%) Java Developer
13 432 (5.49%) Architect
14 331 (4.20%) Site Reliability Engineer
15 316 (4.01%) Senior Software Engineer
16 271 (3.44%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 271 (3.44%) Site Engineer
17 269 (3.42%) Senior Developer
18 242 (3.07%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 237 (3.01%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,322 (16.79%) React
2 989 (12.56%) Node.js
3 753 (9.57%) Web Services
4 739 (9.39%) Spring
5 729 (9.26%) .NET
6 613 (7.79%) REST
7 608 (7.72%) Kafka
8 568 (7.22%) GraphQL
9 477 (6.06%) AngularJS
10 425 (5.40%) Spring Boot
11 321 (4.08%) .NET Core
11 321 (4.08%) RabbitMQ
12 310 (3.94%) ARM Templates
13 302 (3.84%) Vue.js
14 298 (3.79%) RESTful
15 269 (3.42%) Middleware
16 250 (3.18%) CSS
17 244 (3.10%) Elastic Stack
18 214 (2.72%) Redux
19 211 (2.68%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 526 (6.68%) Greenfield Project
2 437 (5.55%) Public Cloud
3 418 (5.31%) Cloud Native
4 399 (5.07%) User Experience
5 211 (2.68%) Virtual Team
6 198 (2.52%) Data Centre
7 158 (2.01%) Algorithms
8 145 (1.84%) Mobile App
9 137 (1.74%) Hedge funds
10 136 (1.73%) Self-Motivation
11 127 (1.61%) Hybrid Cloud
12 122 (1.55%) Linux Command Line
13 115 (1.46%) Private Cloud
14 107 (1.36%) Enterprise Cloud
15 105 (1.33%) Blog
16 98 (1.24%) Fixed Income
17 86 (1.09%) Data Structures
17 86 (1.09%) Derivative
18 72 (0.91%) Management Information System
19 67 (0.85%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 2,094 (26.60%) Linux
2 924 (11.74%) Windows
3 324 (4.12%) Unix
4 228 (2.90%) Windows Server
5 109 (1.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 108 (1.37%) CentOS
7 94 (1.19%) Apple iOS
8 91 (1.16%) Android
9 72 (0.91%) Ubuntu
10 44 (0.56%) Windows Server 2016
11 42 (0.53%) Windows Server 2012
12 36 (0.46%) Mesosphere
13 31 (0.39%) Mac OS X
14 30 (0.38%) Windows 10
15 28 (0.36%) VMS
16 20 (0.25%) CoreOS
17 15 (0.19%) Windows Server 2019
18 14 (0.18%) Debian
19 13 (0.17%) Fedora
20 12 (0.15%) Data ONTAP
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,390 (68.47%) DevOps
2 3,397 (43.15%) Agile Software Development
3 3,017 (38.33%) Infrastructure as Code
4 1,846 (23.45%) Software Engineering
5 1,551 (19.70%) Microservices
6 1,192 (15.14%) Continuous Integration
7 1,114 (14.15%) Problem-Solving
8 1,018 (12.93%) Configuration Management
9 962 (12.22%) Full Stack Development
10 917 (11.65%) Scrum
11 829 (10.53%) TDD
12 826 (10.49%) Open Source
13 741 (9.41%) Analytics
14 740 (9.40%) Site Reliability Engineering
15 699 (8.88%) Test Automation
16 664 (8.43%) Mentoring
17 542 (6.89%) Deployment Automation
18 536 (6.81%) Fintech
19 498 (6.33%) Coaching
20 485 (6.16%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 3,081 (39.14%) Python
2 2,068 (26.27%) Java
3 1,544 (19.61%) JavaScript
4 1,260 (16.01%) PowerShell
5 1,203 (15.28%) Bash Shell
6 1,197 (15.21%) Go
7 1,169 (14.85%) SQL
8 940 (11.94%) TypeScript
9 901 (11.45%) C#
10 779 (9.90%) Ruby
11 410 (5.21%) Scala
12 297 (3.77%) Java 8
13 294 (3.73%) PHP
14 287 (3.65%) Kotlin
15 258 (3.28%) C++
16 230 (2.92%) Groovy
17 150 (1.91%) Perl
18 131 (1.66%) Rust
19 123 (1.56%) Shell Script
20 113 (1.44%) C
Qualifications
1 650 (8.26%) Security Cleared
2 571 (7.25%) SC Cleared
3 483 (6.14%) Degree
4 287 (3.65%) AWS Certification
5 198 (2.52%) Computer Science Degree
6 66 (0.84%) Cisco Certification
7 32 (0.41%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 30 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
9 26 (0.33%) DV Cleared
9 26 (0.33%) RHCE
10 24 (0.30%) CISSP
11 21 (0.27%) CCNA
12 18 (0.23%) PhD
13 16 (0.20%) CCNP
13 16 (0.20%) RHCSA
13 16 (0.20%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 15 (0.19%) Master's Degree
15 13 (0.17%) CESG Certified Professional
16 12 (0.15%) DBS Check
17 11 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 404 (5.13%) QA
2 59 (0.75%) SLA
3 50 (0.64%) GDPR
4 34 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 26 (0.33%) Data Quality
5 26 (0.33%) NIST
6 22 (0.28%) Accessibility
7 17 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 17 (0.22%) PSD2
8 14 (0.18%) IASME
9 13 (0.17%) PCI DSS
10 9 (0.11%) NCSC
11 6 (0.076%) GxP
11 6 (0.076%) ISO 13485
12 5 (0.064%) ISO 9001
12 5 (0.064%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 3 (0.038%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 2 (0.025%) DICOM
14 2 (0.025%) PMO
15 1 (0.013%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 4,302 (54.65%) Docker
2 226 (2.87%) Active Directory
3 169 (2.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 127 (1.61%) Virtual Machines
5 91 (1.16%) Hyper-V
6 27 (0.34%) VirtualBox
7 24 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 24 (0.30%) Varnish
8 22 (0.28%) Virtual Desktop
9 19 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
10 15 (0.19%) vSphere
11 13 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
12 12 (0.15%) KVM
12 12 (0.15%) LXC
12 12 (0.15%) XenApp
13 11 (0.14%) etcd
13 11 (0.14%) VMware NSX
14 9 (0.11%) Xen
15 8 (0.10%) Microsoft App-V
16 5 (0.064%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 4,211 (53.49%) Kubernetes
2 2,474 (31.43%) Ansible
3 1,240 (15.75%) Puppet
4 1,028 (13.06%) Opscode Chef
5 514 (6.53%) Prometheus
6 501 (6.36%) Grafana
7 208 (2.64%) Packer
8 125 (1.59%) Consul
9 97 (1.23%) Docker Swarm
10 90 (1.14%) Kibana
11 88 (1.12%) Istio
12 80 (1.02%) Nagios
13 60 (0.76%) Salt
14 57 (0.72%) logstash
15 47 (0.60%) Rancher
15 47 (0.60%) ZABBIX
16 38 (0.48%) Graphite
16 38 (0.48%) HAProxy
16 38 (0.48%) SCCM
17 37 (0.47%) CFEngine
Vendors
1 770 (9.78%) Google
2 629 (7.99%) Microsoft
3 270 (3.43%) Oracle
4 251 (3.19%) VMware
5 171 (2.17%) Splunk
6 156 (1.98%) SaltStack
7 152 (1.93%) New Relic
8 125 (1.59%) Red Hat
9 77 (0.98%) Cisco
10 64 (0.81%) Atlassian
11 63 (0.80%) IBM
12 56 (0.71%) Databricks
13 51 (0.65%) LexisNexis
14 48 (0.61%) Dynatrace
15 47 (0.60%) ServiceNow
16 40 (0.51%) Samsung
17 39 (0.50%) Facebook
18 38 (0.48%) Cloudera
19 37 (0.47%) Palo Alto
20 36 (0.46%) Dell