Period
to 23 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 23 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
23 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 8 9 10
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 +3
Permanent jobs citing Java 23,628 27,077 25,918
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.70% 15.37% 14.77%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.59% 27.60% 27.51%
Number of salaries quoted 19,005 22,181 21,841
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 82,636 98,116 94,196
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.92% 55.68% 53.67%
Number of salaries quoted 68,352 82,569 80,590
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 23 February 2019.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 23 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 21,693 £60,000 +9.09% 3,860
UK excluding London +3 12,158 £50,000 +4.17% 2,353
London 0 11,041 £70,000 +7.69% 1,817
South East +6 4,118 £52,500 +5.00% 620
North of England -1 2,398 £49,121 +3.41% 607
Midlands -1 1,494 £50,000 +11.11% 282
South West +2 1,462 £50,000 +5.26% 238
North West -4 1,260 £52,500 +10.53% 313
East of England -2 1,234 £55,000 +10.00% 298
Scotland -1 1,078 £50,000 - 191
Yorkshire 0 891 £45,000 -10.00% 247
East Midlands +4 776 £52,500 +14.13% 127
West Midlands -2 723 £45,000 - 154
Wales +13 315 £37,500 -6.25% 58
North East +4 245 £45,000 +12.50% 47
Northern Ireland -4 174 £42,500 +8.97% 60
Isle of Man +4 3 - -

For the 6 months to 23 February 2019, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 11,782 (49.86%) Agile Software Development
2 6,446 (27.28%) JavaScript
3 6,288 (26.61%) Python
4 6,281 (26.58%) SQL
5 6,205 (26.26%) Software Engineering
6 5,340 (22.60%) Spring
7 5,143 (21.77%) Finance
8 4,926 (20.85%) C#
9 4,524 (19.15%) Amazon AWS
10 4,518 (19.12%) TDD
11 4,177 (17.68%) Linux
12 3,920 (16.59%) Test Automation
13 3,895 (16.48%) Microservices
14 3,869 (16.37%) Degree
15 3,786 (16.02%) DevOps
16 3,653 (15.46%) HTML
17 3,572 (15.12%) C++
18 3,418 (14.47%) Scrum
19 3,286 (13.91%) Continuous Integration
20 3,117 (13.19%) Docker
21 3,030 (12.82%) Git (software)
22 2,996 (12.68%) Computer Science
23 2,936 (12.43%) Web Services
24 2,903 (12.29%) Jenkins
25 2,874 (12.16%) AngularJS
26 2,807 (11.88%) CSS
27 2,789 (11.80%) OO
28 2,746 (11.62%) Oracle
29 2,714 (11.49%) .NET
30 2,663 (11.27%) Java 8

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,183 (5.01%) Apache Spark
2 1,125 (4.76%) Apache
3 1,036 (4.38%) Tomcat
4 889 (3.76%) Elasticsearch
5 652 (2.76%) Confluence
6 582 (2.46%) JBoss
7 402 (1.70%) WebSphere
8 357 (1.51%) WebLogic
9 249 (1.05%) IIS
10 218 (0.92%) Apache Solr
11 194 (0.82%) CMS
12 176 (0.74%) SharePoint
13 175 (0.74%) Apache Pig
14 146 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 137 (0.58%) nginx
16 123 (0.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 116 (0.49%) Oracle Workflow
17 116 (0.49%) SAS
18 113 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
19 104 (0.44%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 142 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
2 118 (0.50%) Microsoft Excel
3 55 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 40 (0.17%) Chatbot
5 38 (0.16%) Photoshop
6 24 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
7 21 (0.089%) MS Visio
8 20 (0.085%) Adobe Illustrator
9 15 (0.063%) Weka
10 14 (0.059%) Snapchat
11 13 (0.055%) Spreadsheet
12 10 (0.042%) Fireworks
12 10 (0.042%) Maple
12 10 (0.042%) SOLIDWORKS
13 9 (0.038%) SPSS
14 8 (0.034%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 8 (0.034%) InDesign
15 7 (0.030%) HipChat
15 7 (0.030%) InVision
16 4 (0.017%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 149 (0.63%) thinkFolio
2 111 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
3 66 (0.28%) Dynamics AX
4 58 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
5 46 (0.19%) Magento
6 44 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
7 42 (0.18%) Front Arena
7 42 (0.18%) Markit EDM
8 41 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
9 37 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
10 32 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
11 29 (0.12%) R3 Corda
12 27 (0.11%) Temenos T24
13 24 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 21 (0.089%) Oracle BPM
14 21 (0.089%) SAP ERP
15 19 (0.080%) SDL Web 8
16 17 (0.072%) Actimize
16 17 (0.072%) SAP S/4HANA
17 15 (0.063%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 4,524 (19.15%) Amazon AWS
2 2,225 (9.42%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,022 (4.33%) Google Cloud Platform
4 777 (3.29%) SaaS
5 678 (2.87%) GitHub
6 520 (2.20%) Cloud Computing
7 475 (2.01%) Serverless
8 381 (1.61%) PaaS
9 327 (1.38%) Amazon EC2
10 314 (1.33%) OpenShift
11 300 (1.27%) AWS Lambda
12 266 (1.13%) Amazon S3
13 264 (1.12%) AWS CloudFormation
14 206 (0.87%) IaaS
15 143 (0.61%) IBM Cloud
16 138 (0.58%) Amazon EMR
17 133 (0.56%) npm
18 116 (0.49%) Amazon SQS
19 97 (0.41%) Office 365
20 92 (0.39%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 534 (2.26%) HTTP
2 488 (2.07%) Internet
3 291 (1.23%) TCP/IP
4 239 (1.01%) Firewall
5 226 (0.96%) DNS
6 136 (0.58%) SSL
7 109 (0.46%) VPN
8 93 (0.39%) Wireless
9 86 (0.36%) Network Security
10 71 (0.30%) AMQP
11 56 (0.24%) DHCP
12 51 (0.22%) Modbus
13 50 (0.21%) RS-485
14 47 (0.20%) Bluetooth
15 41 (0.17%) HTTPS
16 39 (0.17%) H.323
17 38 (0.16%) VLAN
18 34 (0.14%) SAN
19 33 (0.14%) VoIP
20 31 (0.13%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,167 (9.17%) NoSQL
2 2,117 (8.96%) Big Data
3 1,808 (7.65%) SQL Server
4 1,690 (7.15%) MySQL
5 1,500 (6.35%) Relational Database
6 1,408 (5.96%) Hadoop
7 1,370 (5.80%) MongoDB
8 1,279 (5.41%) PostgreSQL
9 876 (3.71%) Apache Cassandra
10 636 (2.69%) RDBMS
11 528 (2.23%) Apache Hive
12 465 (1.97%) HBase
13 404 (1.71%) Oracle Database
14 389 (1.65%) Redis
15 368 (1.56%) Amazon Redshift
16 358 (1.52%) Blockchain
17 298 (1.26%) Data Warehouse
18 259 (1.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 233 (0.99%) Amazon RDS
20 222 (0.94%) Impala
Development Applications
1 3,030 (12.82%) Git (software)
2 2,903 (12.29%) Jenkins
3 2,062 (8.73%) Selenium
4 1,903 (8.05%) Maven
5 1,801 (7.62%) JIRA
6 1,541 (6.52%) Cucumber
7 1,366 (5.78%) JUnit
8 814 (3.45%) Gradle
9 769 (3.25%) Subversion
10 689 (2.92%) WebDriver
11 558 (2.36%) TeamCity
12 523 (2.21%) Eclipse
13 464 (1.96%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 425 (1.80%) SoapUI
15 381 (1.61%) JMeter
16 378 (1.60%) Mockito
17 373 (1.58%) Visual Studio
18 344 (1.46%) Bitbucket
19 305 (1.29%) Team Foundation Server
20 292 (1.24%) Ant
General
1 5,143 (21.77%) Finance
2 2,088 (8.84%) Banking
3 912 (3.86%) Retail
4 730 (3.09%) Games
5 717 (3.03%) Front Office
6 686 (2.90%) Marketing
7 632 (2.67%) Telecoms
8 494 (2.09%) Investment Banking
9 444 (1.88%) Manufacturing
10 352 (1.49%) Advertising
11 343 (1.45%) Law
12 315 (1.33%) Electronics
13 221 (0.94%) Financial Institution
14 202 (0.85%) Publishing
15 183 (0.77%) Back Office
16 173 (0.73%) Legal
17 161 (0.68%) Military
18 153 (0.65%) Automotive
19 130 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
20 92 (0.39%) German Language
Job Titles
1 12,071 (51.09%) Developer
2 7,733 (32.73%) Java Developer
3 2,913 (12.33%) Software Engineer
4 2,441 (10.33%) Senior Developer
5 1,785 (7.55%) Java Engineer
6 1,755 (7.43%) Senior Java Developer
7 1,473 (6.23%) Architect
8 1,438 (6.09%) Software Developer
9 1,091 (4.62%) Java Software Engineer
10 991 (4.19%) Analyst
11 928 (3.93%) Graduate
12 908 (3.84%) Junior
13 793 (3.36%) Senior Software Engineer
14 764 (3.23%) Lead Developer
15 745 (3.15%) Test Engineer
16 708 (3.00%) Graduate Developer
17 678 (2.87%) DevOps Engineer
18 672 (2.84%) Tester
19 618 (2.62%) Junior Developer
20 559 (2.37%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,340 (22.60%) Spring
2 3,653 (15.46%) HTML
3 2,936 (12.43%) Web Services
4 2,874 (12.16%) AngularJS
5 2,807 (11.88%) CSS
6 2,714 (11.49%) .NET
7 2,325 (9.84%) REST
8 2,294 (9.71%) RESTful
9 2,060 (8.72%) Node.js
10 1,842 (7.80%) Hibernate
11 1,836 (7.77%) React
12 1,835 (7.77%) Spring Boot
13 1,594 (6.75%) XML
14 1,446 (6.12%) J2EE
15 1,323 (5.60%) Kafka
16 1,303 (5.51%) HTML5
17 1,129 (4.78%) JSON
18 1,090 (4.61%) SOAP
19 868 (3.67%) jQuery
20 867 (3.67%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 1,707 (7.22%) Fintech
2 1,451 (6.14%) Greenfield Project
3 1,372 (5.81%) Analytical Skills
4 1,080 (4.57%) Algorithms
5 951 (4.02%) User Experience
6 744 (3.15%) Mobile App
7 712 (3.01%) Enterprise Software
8 636 (2.69%) Self-Motivation
9 564 (2.39%) Derivative
10 515 (2.18%) Data Structures
11 511 (2.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 506 (2.14%) Fixed Income
13 466 (1.97%) Equities
14 452 (1.91%) Hedge funds
15 287 (1.21%) Public Cloud
16 270 (1.14%) Management Information System
17 236 (1.00%) Virtual Team
18 227 (0.96%) Cloud Native
19 210 (0.89%) Linux Command Line
20 190 (0.80%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 4,177 (17.68%) Linux
2 1,606 (6.80%) Windows
3 1,481 (6.27%) Unix
4 1,201 (5.08%) Android
5 870 (3.68%) Apple iOS
6 356 (1.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 273 (1.16%) Windows Server
8 218 (0.92%) CentOS
9 194 (0.82%) Ubuntu
10 107 (0.45%) Solaris
11 65 (0.28%) Mac OS X
12 63 (0.27%) AIX
13 58 (0.25%) Debian
14 53 (0.22%) Mac OS
15 51 (0.22%) Fedora
16 47 (0.20%) FreeRTOS
17 43 (0.18%) Mesosphere
18 40 (0.17%) SUSE
19 31 (0.13%) CoreOS
19 31 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 11,782 (49.86%) Agile Software Development
2 6,205 (26.26%) Software Engineering
3 4,518 (19.12%) TDD
4 3,920 (16.59%) Test Automation
5 3,895 (16.48%) Microservices
6 3,786 (16.02%) DevOps
7 3,418 (14.47%) Scrum
8 3,286 (13.91%) Continuous Integration
9 2,996 (12.68%) Computer Science
10 2,789 (11.80%) OO
11 2,331 (9.87%) BDD
12 2,280 (9.65%) Problem-Solving
13 1,922 (8.13%) SDLC
14 1,903 (8.05%) Open Source
15 1,893 (8.01%) Mentoring
16 1,725 (7.30%) Analytics
17 1,506 (6.37%) Machine Learning
18 1,404 (5.94%) MVC
19 1,320 (5.59%) Mathematics
20 1,184 (5.01%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 6,446 (27.28%) JavaScript
2 6,288 (26.61%) Python
3 6,281 (26.58%) SQL
4 4,926 (20.85%) C#
5 3,572 (15.12%) C++
6 2,663 (11.27%) Java 8
7 1,858 (7.86%) Scala
8 1,513 (6.40%) C
9 1,419 (6.01%) Ruby
10 1,365 (5.78%) PHP
11 990 (4.19%) Go
12 780 (3.30%) Bash Shell
13 704 (2.98%) Perl
14 663 (2.81%) PL/SQL
15 547 (2.32%) Kotlin
15 547 (2.32%) TypeScript
16 526 (2.23%) PowerShell
17 523 (2.21%) R
18 434 (1.84%) Objective-C
19 420 (1.78%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 3,869 (16.37%) Degree
2 1,234 (5.22%) Computer Science Degree
3 900 (3.81%) Security Cleared
4 523 (2.21%) SC Cleared
5 451 (1.91%) PhD
6 289 (1.22%) DV Cleared
7 283 (1.20%) ISTQB
8 226 (0.96%) Numerate Degree
9 195 (0.83%) Master's Degree
10 181 (0.77%) ISEB
11 81 (0.34%) AWS Certification
11 81 (0.34%) CISSP
11 81 (0.34%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 77 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
13 70 (0.30%) MPhil
14 53 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
15 51 (0.22%) MCSE
16 46 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
17 45 (0.19%) ITIL Certification
17 45 (0.19%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,165 (9.16%) QA
2 189 (0.80%) GDPR
3 127 (0.54%) SLA
4 115 (0.49%) Data Quality
5 114 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 52 (0.22%) PSD2
7 49 (0.21%) MiFID
8 47 (0.20%) PCI DSS
9 46 (0.19%) HIPAA
10 38 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials
11 36 (0.15%) HL7
12 29 (0.12%) PMO
13 21 (0.089%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 18 (0.076%) SEPA
15 16 (0.068%) ISO 9001
16 13 (0.055%) IFRS
17 11 (0.047%) ISO 20022
17 11 (0.047%) PA-DSS
17 11 (0.047%) SAS 70
17 11 (0.047%) WAI
System Software
1 3,117 (13.19%) Docker
2 344 (1.46%) Active Directory
3 192 (0.81%) HDFS
4 178 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
5 159 (0.67%) Apache Flume
6 125 (0.53%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 117 (0.50%) Firmware
8 85 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
9 67 (0.28%) Hyper-V
10 46 (0.19%) vSphere
11 40 (0.17%) VirtualBox
12 26 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
13 21 (0.089%) VMware ESXi
14 19 (0.080%) etcd
15 18 (0.076%) Varnish
16 17 (0.072%) Virtual Servers
17 13 (0.055%) XenApp
18 9 (0.038%) NFS
19 8 (0.034%) Xen
20 7 (0.030%) Squid
Systems Management
1 1,622 (6.86%) Kubernetes
2 1,339 (5.67%) Ansible
3 1,042 (4.41%) Puppet
4 855 (3.62%) Opscode Chef
5 768 (3.25%) Terraform
6 207 (0.88%) Salt
7 205 (0.87%) Oozie
8 158 (0.67%) Prometheus
9 150 (0.63%) Kibana
10 139 (0.59%) Hadoop YARN
11 121 (0.51%) Consul
12 115 (0.49%) Grafana
13 110 (0.47%) Packer
14 106 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
14 106 (0.45%) Nagios
15 90 (0.38%) Mesos
16 81 (0.34%) logstash
17 63 (0.27%) Graphite
18 61 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
19 51 (0.22%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 2,746 (11.62%) Oracle
2 1,316 (5.57%) Microsoft
3 962 (4.07%) Google
4 551 (2.33%) SAP
5 466 (1.97%) Red Hat
6 436 (1.85%) IBM
7 311 (1.32%) Tableau
8 272 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
9 270 (1.14%) Splunk
10 261 (1.10%) Cloudera
11 255 (1.08%) VMware
12 230 (0.97%) WorldPay
13 227 (0.96%) Atlassian
14 195 (0.83%) Adobe
15 194 (0.82%) Hortonworks
16 151 (0.64%) TIBCO
17 124 (0.52%) Reuters
18 123 (0.52%) MuleSoft
18 123 (0.52%) Sybase
19 122 (0.52%) Bloomberg