Period
to 23 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 23 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 10 8 9
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 +2
Permanent jobs citing Java 17,698 23,827 27,003
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.07% 15.69% 15.47%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.01% 28.58% 27.84%
Number of salaries quoted 14,303 19,125 21,667
UK median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £92,500 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 68,048 83,365 96,978
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.11% 54.91% 55.54%
Number of salaries quoted 56,200 68,930 81,015
UK median annual salary £52,500 £51,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.94% +3.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,589 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 23 January 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 16,358 £65,000 +8.33% 3,072
London 0 9,133 £75,000 +7.14% 1,557
UK excluding London -5 8,175 £50,000 - 1,744
South East -6 2,799 £52,500 - 438
North of England -1 1,826 £50,000 +4.17% 411
South West -4 1,082 £50,000 - 231
North West -1 1,021 £52,500 +5.00% 209
Midlands -9 836 £50,000 - 254
Yorkshire -3 704 £50,000 +11.11% 164
Scotland -2 652 £50,000 - 158
East of England -7 648 £55,000 - 183
West Midlands -16 418 £48,400 +1.89% 143
East Midlands -8 414 £52,500 - 111
Wales -9 256 £42,928 +7.32% 52
Northern Ireland +1 103 £45,000 +5.88% 20
North East -21 101 £45,000 - 38

For the 6 months to 23 January 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 8,609 (48.64%) Agile Software Development
2 4,912 (27.75%) JavaScript
3 4,908 (27.73%) Python
4 4,682 (26.45%) Software Engineering
5 4,636 (26.20%) AWS
6 4,290 (24.24%) Finance
7 4,254 (24.04%) SQL
8 3,830 (21.64%) Spring
9 3,773 (21.32%) C#
10 3,656 (20.66%) Microservices
11 3,303 (18.66%) DevOps
12 3,070 (17.35%) Docker
13 3,020 (17.06%) TDD
14 2,925 (16.53%) Test Automation
15 2,612 (14.76%) Linux
16 2,586 (14.61%) Web Services
17 2,550 (14.41%) Scrum
18 2,447 (13.83%) Git (software)
19 2,353 (13.30%) C++
20 2,332 (13.18%) Jenkins
21 2,320 (13.11%) Degree
22 2,270 (12.83%) Azure
23 2,201 (12.44%) Kubernetes
24 2,165 (12.23%) .NET
25 2,067 (11.68%) AngularJS
26 2,038 (11.52%) HTML
27 2,037 (11.51%) Oracle
28 1,962 (11.09%) Java 8
29 1,942 (10.97%) Computer Science
30 1,915 (10.82%) Continuous Integration

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 739 (4.18%) Apache Spark
2 647 (3.66%) Tomcat
3 571 (3.23%) Confluence
4 420 (2.37%) Apache
5 410 (2.32%) Elasticsearch
6 297 (1.68%) JBoss
7 278 (1.57%) WebSphere
8 200 (1.13%) SharePoint
9 182 (1.03%) BizTalk Server
10 169 (0.95%) CMS
11 148 (0.84%) WebLogic
12 145 (0.82%) IIS
13 127 (0.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 101 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 94 (0.53%) nginx
16 87 (0.49%) Oracle Workflow
17 80 (0.45%) SAS
18 78 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
19 67 (0.38%) Apache Airflow
19 67 (0.38%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 111 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
2 80 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
3 61 (0.34%) MS Visio
4 42 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 34 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
6 19 (0.11%) Chatbot
7 16 (0.090%) Photoshop
8 9 (0.051%) Simulink
9 6 (0.034%) SPSS
9 6 (0.034%) Stateflow
10 5 (0.028%) Adobe Illustrator
11 4 (0.023%) Maya
12 3 (0.017%) Adobe Premiere
12 3 (0.017%) Microsoft Project
13 2 (0.011%) 3ds Max
13 2 (0.011%) Acrobat
13 2 (0.011%) CPLEX
13 2 (0.011%) Houdini
13 2 (0.011%) InDesign
13 2 (0.011%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 215 (1.21%) Dynamics CRM
2 168 (0.95%) Dynamics AX
3 114 (0.64%) FINCAD Analytics
4 95 (0.54%) Payment Gateway
5 57 (0.32%) thinkFolio
6 42 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
7 37 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
8 34 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
9 29 (0.16%) LatentZero
9 29 (0.16%) Magento
9 29 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
10 27 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
11 24 (0.14%) R3 Corda
12 19 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 17 (0.096%) Oracle EBS R12
14 13 (0.073%) Adobe Campaign
14 13 (0.073%) Documaker
14 13 (0.073%) PolarLake
14 13 (0.073%) SAP CRM
15 11 (0.062%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 4,636 (26.20%) AWS
2 2,270 (12.83%) Azure
3 1,193 (6.74%) GCP
4 704 (3.98%) SaaS
5 609 (3.44%) Serverless
6 521 (2.94%) GitHub
7 497 (2.81%) Amazon S3
8 441 (2.49%) Amazon EC2
9 401 (2.27%) AWS Lambda
10 340 (1.92%) OpenShift
11 276 (1.56%) Amazon SQS
12 270 (1.53%) Amazon ECS
13 243 (1.37%) AWS CloudFormation
14 200 (1.13%) PaaS
15 174 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
16 173 (0.98%) Dynamics 365
17 143 (0.81%) Power Platform
18 125 (0.71%) IaaS
19 82 (0.46%) Amazon EMR
20 74 (0.42%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 279 (1.58%) HTTP
2 272 (1.54%) Internet
3 206 (1.16%) TCP/IP
4 185 (1.05%) Firewall
5 117 (0.66%) DNS
6 84 (0.47%) SSL
7 59 (0.33%) Wireshark
8 47 (0.27%) VPN
9 35 (0.20%) Wireless
10 34 (0.19%) FTP
10 34 (0.19%) VoIP
11 31 (0.18%) SSH
12 29 (0.16%) DHCP
13 26 (0.15%) Network Security
13 26 (0.15%) X.509
14 24 (0.14%) HTTPS
14 24 (0.14%) Software-Defined Networking
15 23 (0.13%) SAN
16 22 (0.12%) Broadband
17 20 (0.11%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,297 (7.33%) Big Data
2 1,216 (6.87%) NoSQL
3 1,157 (6.54%) SQL Server
4 1,138 (6.43%) MySQL
5 1,119 (6.32%) PostgreSQL
6 1,029 (5.81%) Relational Database
7 729 (4.12%) Hadoop
8 700 (3.96%) MongoDB
9 381 (2.15%) Amazon RDS
10 368 (2.08%) RDBMS
11 358 (2.02%) Apache Cassandra
12 324 (1.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 311 (1.76%) Redis
14 287 (1.62%) Data Warehouse
15 274 (1.55%) Apache Hive
16 249 (1.41%) Oracle Database
17 242 (1.37%) Amazon Redshift
18 206 (1.16%) BusinessObjects
19 197 (1.11%) DB2
20 177 (1.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 2,447 (13.83%) Git (software)
2 2,332 (13.18%) Jenkins
3 1,502 (8.49%) Selenium
4 1,336 (7.55%) JIRA
5 1,307 (7.39%) Maven
6 1,038 (5.87%) Cucumber
7 920 (5.20%) JUnit
8 559 (3.16%) WebDriver
9 474 (2.68%) Subversion
10 457 (2.58%) Gradle
11 409 (2.31%) TeamCity
12 383 (2.16%) Eclipse
13 364 (2.06%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 352 (1.99%) Bitbucket
15 280 (1.58%) JMeter
16 256 (1.45%) Team Foundation Server
17 246 (1.39%) Postman
18 236 (1.33%) Artifactory
19 234 (1.32%) GitLab
20 226 (1.28%) SoapUI
General
1 4,290 (24.24%) Finance
2 1,675 (9.46%) Banking
3 1,083 (6.12%) Front Office
4 796 (4.50%) Retail
5 459 (2.59%) Public Sector
6 456 (2.58%) Marketing
7 385 (2.18%) Games
8 362 (2.05%) Telecoms
9 346 (1.96%) Investment Banking
10 266 (1.50%) Manufacturing
11 198 (1.12%) Electronics
12 193 (1.09%) Law
13 191 (1.08%) Financial Institution
14 167 (0.94%) Advertising
15 147 (0.83%) Back Office
16 139 (0.79%) Automotive
17 125 (0.71%) Legal
18 89 (0.50%) Billing
19 84 (0.47%) Aerospace
20 70 (0.40%) Military
Job Titles
1 8,801 (49.73%) Developer
2 5,487 (31.00%) Java Developer
3 2,304 (13.02%) Senior Developer
4 2,244 (12.68%) Software Engineer
5 1,619 (9.15%) Senior Java Developer
6 1,417 (8.01%) Java Engineer
7 1,018 (5.75%) Software Developer
8 982 (5.55%) Java Software Engineer
9 912 (5.15%) Architect
10 720 (4.07%) DevOps Engineer
11 710 (4.01%) Senior Software Engineer
12 625 (3.53%) Analyst
13 554 (3.13%) Junior
14 531 (3.00%) Lead Developer
15 511 (2.89%) Java Software Developer
16 484 (2.73%) Graduate
17 478 (2.70%) Consultant
17 478 (2.70%) Test Engineer
18 475 (2.68%) Full Stack Developer
19 419 (2.37%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,830 (21.64%) Spring
2 2,586 (14.61%) Web Services
3 2,165 (12.23%) .NET
4 2,067 (11.68%) AngularJS
5 2,038 (11.52%) HTML
6 1,775 (10.03%) React
7 1,771 (10.01%) Spring Boot
8 1,717 (9.70%) CSS
9 1,681 (9.50%) Node.js
10 1,670 (9.44%) RESTful
11 1,665 (9.41%) REST
12 1,418 (8.01%) J2EE
13 1,191 (6.73%) Hibernate
14 1,021 (5.77%) Kafka
15 1,014 (5.73%) XML
16 807 (4.56%) SOAP
17 764 (4.32%) JSON
18 627 (3.54%) HTML5
19 564 (3.19%) jQuery
20 413 (2.33%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 1,062 (6.00%) Greenfield Project
2 992 (5.61%) Analytical Skills
3 794 (4.49%) Fixed Income
4 721 (4.07%) Derivative
5 639 (3.61%) Mobile App
6 617 (3.49%) User Experience
7 599 (3.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 594 (3.36%) Algorithms
9 593 (3.35%) Equities
10 581 (3.28%) Hedge funds
11 499 (2.82%) Enterprise Software
12 405 (2.29%) Self-Motivation
13 382 (2.16%) Data Structures
14 327 (1.85%) Public Cloud
15 236 (1.33%) Cloud Native
16 192 (1.08%) Management Information System
17 184 (1.04%) Equity Derivative
18 173 (0.98%) Linux Command Line
19 172 (0.97%) Blog
20 153 (0.86%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,612 (14.76%) Linux
2 1,035 (5.85%) Unix
3 1,010 (5.71%) Android
4 991 (5.60%) Windows
5 674 (3.81%) Apple iOS
6 149 (0.84%) CentOS
7 137 (0.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 132 (0.75%) Mac OS X
9 127 (0.72%) Windows Server
10 53 (0.30%) Mac OS
11 52 (0.29%) Ubuntu
12 44 (0.25%) Embedded Linux
13 35 (0.20%) Debian
14 28 (0.16%) Windows 7
15 27 (0.15%) tvOS
15 27 (0.15%) Windows 10
16 25 (0.14%) Mesosphere
17 23 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
18 22 (0.12%) Solaris
19 21 (0.12%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,609 (48.64%) Agile Software Development
2 4,682 (26.45%) Software Engineering
3 3,656 (20.66%) Microservices
4 3,303 (18.66%) DevOps
5 3,020 (17.06%) TDD
6 2,925 (16.53%) Test Automation
7 2,550 (14.41%) Scrum
8 1,942 (10.97%) Computer Science
9 1,915 (10.82%) Continuous Integration
10 1,761 (9.95%) Problem-Solving
11 1,708 (9.65%) OO
12 1,697 (9.59%) Mentoring
13 1,670 (9.44%) BDD
14 1,318 (7.45%) Analytics
14 1,318 (7.45%) Fintech
15 1,249 (7.06%) Open Source
16 1,170 (6.61%) SDLC
17 1,083 (6.12%) Machine Learning
18 987 (5.58%) Asset Management
19 982 (5.55%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 4,912 (27.75%) JavaScript
2 4,908 (27.73%) Python
3 4,254 (24.04%) SQL
4 3,773 (21.32%) C#
5 2,353 (13.30%) C++
6 1,962 (11.09%) Java 8
7 1,212 (6.85%) Scala
8 1,029 (5.81%) Ruby
9 955 (5.40%) Kotlin
10 888 (5.02%) PHP
11 882 (4.98%) C
12 778 (4.40%) Go
13 559 (3.16%) Bash Shell
14 535 (3.02%) TypeScript
15 534 (3.02%) R
16 374 (2.11%) PL/SQL
17 360 (2.03%) PowerShell
18 350 (1.98%) Perl
19 317 (1.79%) Objective-C
20 297 (1.68%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 2,320 (13.11%) Degree
2 835 (4.72%) Computer Science Degree
3 756 (4.27%) Security Cleared
4 383 (2.16%) SC Cleared
5 255 (1.44%) DV Cleared
6 191 (1.08%) ISTQB
7 132 (0.75%) ISEB
8 129 (0.73%) PhD
9 121 (0.68%) Master's Degree
10 107 (0.60%) Numerate Degree
11 58 (0.33%) AWS Certification
12 52 (0.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 45 (0.25%) CISSP
14 39 (0.22%) Oracle Certification
15 33 (0.19%) Postgraduate
16 31 (0.18%) PMI Certification
17 26 (0.15%) CISM
18 21 (0.12%) CISA
19 20 (0.11%) HND
20 16 (0.090%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,375 (7.77%) QA
2 109 (0.62%) Data Quality
3 53 (0.30%) GDPR
4 35 (0.20%) SLA
5 27 (0.15%) PCI DSS
6 19 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 14 (0.079%) PSD2
8 13 (0.073%) IFRS
8 13 (0.073%) IFRS 9
9 12 (0.068%) Basel II
10 10 (0.057%) PMO
11 7 (0.040%) IEC 61131
11 7 (0.040%) ISO 9001
11 7 (0.040%) PA-DSS
12 6 (0.034%) Def Stans
12 6 (0.034%) EMIR
12 6 (0.034%) HMG Infosec
12 6 (0.034%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 6 (0.034%) JSP 440
13 5 (0.028%) MiFID
System Software
1 3,070 (17.35%) Docker
2 132 (0.75%) Active Directory
3 86 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
4 69 (0.39%) HDFS
5 60 (0.34%) Firmware
6 59 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
7 43 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 27 (0.15%) vCloud
9 24 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
9 24 (0.14%) vSphere
10 18 (0.10%) Hyper-V
11 14 (0.079%) Postfix
12 11 (0.062%) ACF2
12 11 (0.062%) Apache Flume
12 11 (0.062%) RACF
13 10 (0.057%) Job Entry Subsystem
14 9 (0.051%) Forefront TMG
15 8 (0.045%) NFS
16 7 (0.040%) IAG
16 7 (0.040%) OpenSSH
Systems Management
1 2,201 (12.44%) Kubernetes
2 1,026 (5.80%) Ansible
3 938 (5.30%) Terraform
4 657 (3.71%) Puppet
5 609 (3.44%) Opscode Chef
6 133 (0.75%) Mesos
6 133 (0.75%) Salt
7 111 (0.63%) Kibana
8 103 (0.58%) Prometheus
9 101 (0.57%) Grafana
10 93 (0.53%) Docker Swarm
11 86 (0.49%) Marathon
12 82 (0.46%) Packer
13 75 (0.42%) Consul
14 74 (0.42%) Istio
15 69 (0.39%) Rancher
16 59 (0.33%) Single Sign-On
17 57 (0.32%) Nagios
18 55 (0.31%) Oozie
19 53 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 2,037 (11.51%) Oracle
2 897 (5.07%) Microsoft
3 787 (4.45%) Google
4 542 (3.06%) SAP
5 321 (1.81%) Salesforce.com
6 283 (1.60%) WorldPay
7 253 (1.43%) IBM
8 218 (1.23%) Splunk
9 214 (1.21%) Atlassian
10 189 (1.07%) Adobe
11 178 (1.01%) MuleSoft
12 171 (0.97%) Red Hat
13 155 (0.88%) Bloomberg
14 137 (0.77%) FIS
15 133 (0.75%) Tableau
16 130 (0.73%) VMware
17 127 (0.72%) Informatica
18 118 (0.67%) Sage
19 115 (0.65%) Sybase
20 105 (0.59%) TIBCO