Period
to 20 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 20 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 10 8 8
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 +5
Permanent jobs citing Java 18,920 25,756 28,639
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.87% 15.79% 15.92%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.81% 28.58% 28.77%
Number of salaries quoted 15,304 20,628 22,034
UK median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £92,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 73,295 90,128 99,559
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.72% 55.25% 55.33%
Number of salaries quoted 60,413 75,011 81,990
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +1.01% +4.21%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £29,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £83,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 20 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 17,397 £62,500 +4.17% 2,857
London 0 9,530 £75,000 +7.14% 1,472
UK excluding London -5 9,028 £50,000 - 1,600
South East -4 3,012 £55,000 +4.76% 358
North of England 0 2,003 £50,000 +7.46% 414
South West -6 1,199 £47,500 -5.00% 221
North West -1 1,143 £52,500 +5.00% 205
Midlands -6 894 £49,000 -2.00% 211
Scotland -1 786 £50,000 - 145
Yorkshire -3 751 £50,000 +11.11% 166
East of England -8 728 £55,000 +4.76% 182
East Midlands -5 451 £50,000 -4.76% 88
West Midlands -19 435 £46,000 -3.16% 123
Wales -6 301 £42,500 +6.25% 48
Northern Ireland +1 125 £45,000 +3.45% 23
North East -8 109 £51,138 +13.64% 43

For the 6 months to 20 November 2019, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 9,351 (49.42%) Agile Software Development
2 5,217 (27.57%) Python
3 5,090 (26.90%) JavaScript
4 4,937 (26.09%) Software Engineering
5 4,675 (24.71%) AWS
6 4,590 (24.26%) SQL
7 4,354 (23.01%) Finance
8 4,179 (22.09%) Spring
9 3,905 (20.64%) Microservices
10 3,860 (20.40%) C#
11 3,644 (19.26%) DevOps
12 3,303 (17.46%) Docker
13 3,245 (17.15%) TDD
14 3,086 (16.31%) Test Automation
15 2,973 (15.71%) Linux
16 2,801 (14.80%) Scrum
17 2,693 (14.23%) Git (software)
18 2,630 (13.90%) Web Services
19 2,564 (13.55%) Jenkins
20 2,440 (12.90%) Degree
21 2,427 (12.83%) C++
22 2,355 (12.45%) Kubernetes
23 2,276 (12.03%) .NET
24 2,221 (11.74%) Azure
25 2,209 (11.68%) HTML
26 2,200 (11.63%) AngularJS
27 2,153 (11.38%) Continuous Integration
28 2,133 (11.27%) Oracle
29 2,034 (10.75%) Java 8
30 1,992 (10.53%) Computer Science

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 835 (4.41%) Apache Spark
2 750 (3.96%) Tomcat
3 697 (3.68%) Confluence
4 477 (2.52%) Apache
5 440 (2.33%) Elasticsearch
6 353 (1.87%) JBoss
7 321 (1.70%) WebSphere
8 193 (1.02%) WebLogic
9 190 (1.00%) SharePoint
10 174 (0.92%) CMS
11 169 (0.89%) IIS
12 163 (0.86%) BizTalk Server
13 139 (0.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 126 (0.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 118 (0.62%) Oracle Workflow
16 112 (0.59%) nginx
17 97 (0.51%) Cloud Foundry
18 88 (0.47%) Apache Solr
19 86 (0.45%) SAS
20 73 (0.39%) Mule
Applications
1 98 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
2 90 (0.48%) Microsoft Excel
3 57 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 52 (0.27%) MS Visio
5 27 (0.14%) Photoshop
6 26 (0.14%) Chatbot
7 23 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
8 14 (0.074%) Simulink
9 12 (0.063%) Adobe Premiere
10 11 (0.058%) Adobe Illustrator
11 10 (0.053%) EngageOne
12 8 (0.042%) Microsoft Project
12 8 (0.042%) SPSS
13 7 (0.037%) Stateflow
13 7 (0.037%) Zeplin
14 6 (0.032%) InDesign
14 6 (0.032%) Maya
15 5 (0.026%) Sketch
16 4 (0.021%) FileZilla
17 3 (0.016%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 183 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 148 (0.78%) Dynamics AX
3 106 (0.56%) Payment Gateway
4 85 (0.45%) thinkFolio
5 51 (0.27%) FINCAD Analytics
6 49 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
7 42 (0.22%) Magento
8 41 (0.22%) Markit EDM
9 39 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
10 37 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
11 34 (0.18%) Front Arena
11 34 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
12 29 (0.15%) LatentZero
13 26 (0.14%) R3 Corda
14 23 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
15 20 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
16 17 (0.090%) Oracle BPM
16 17 (0.090%) SDL Web 8
17 13 (0.069%) PolarLake
18 11 (0.058%) ION MarketView
Cloud Services
1 4,675 (24.71%) AWS
2 2,221 (11.74%) Azure
3 1,249 (6.60%) GCP
4 812 (4.29%) SaaS
5 648 (3.42%) Serverless
6 581 (3.07%) GitHub
7 485 (2.56%) Amazon EC2
8 469 (2.48%) Amazon S3
9 439 (2.32%) AWS Lambda
10 334 (1.77%) OpenShift
11 290 (1.53%) AWS CloudFormation
12 271 (1.43%) Amazon ECS
13 249 (1.32%) PaaS
14 227 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
15 221 (1.17%) Amazon SQS
16 163 (0.86%) Power Platform
17 162 (0.86%) IaaS
18 147 (0.78%) Dynamics 365
19 77 (0.41%) npm
20 75 (0.40%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 306 (1.62%) Internet
2 301 (1.59%) HTTP
3 197 (1.04%) TCP/IP
4 193 (1.02%) Firewall
5 88 (0.47%) SSL
6 80 (0.42%) DNS
7 56 (0.30%) HTTPS
8 52 (0.27%) VPN
9 44 (0.23%) Broadband
9 44 (0.23%) Wireshark
10 35 (0.18%) Wireless
11 32 (0.17%) Network Security
11 32 (0.17%) SSH
12 29 (0.15%) FTP
13 28 (0.15%) Bluetooth
14 27 (0.14%) SAN
15 26 (0.14%) AMQP
16 25 (0.13%) Ethernet
17 23 (0.12%) VoIP
18 21 (0.11%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,434 (7.58%) Big Data
2 1,335 (7.06%) SQL Server
3 1,200 (6.34%) MySQL
4 1,195 (6.32%) NoSQL
5 1,092 (5.77%) Relational Database
6 1,072 (5.67%) PostgreSQL
7 833 (4.40%) MongoDB
8 820 (4.33%) Hadoop
9 435 (2.30%) RDBMS
10 408 (2.16%) Apache Cassandra
11 347 (1.83%) Amazon RDS
12 324 (1.71%) Apache Hive
13 319 (1.69%) Redis
14 310 (1.64%) Data Warehouse
15 298 (1.58%) Oracle Database
16 259 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 258 (1.36%) Blockchain
18 226 (1.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 188 (0.99%) Amazon Redshift
20 182 (0.96%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 2,693 (14.23%) Git (software)
2 2,564 (13.55%) Jenkins
3 1,682 (8.89%) Selenium
4 1,526 (8.07%) JIRA
5 1,413 (7.47%) Maven
6 1,140 (6.03%) Cucumber
7 1,042 (5.51%) JUnit
8 598 (3.16%) WebDriver
9 543 (2.87%) Gradle
10 529 (2.80%) Subversion
11 487 (2.57%) TeamCity
12 440 (2.33%) Bitbucket
13 379 (2.00%) Eclipse
14 342 (1.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 337 (1.78%) JMeter
16 279 (1.47%) GitLab
17 278 (1.47%) Team Foundation Server
18 262 (1.38%) Mockito
19 258 (1.36%) Ant
20 254 (1.34%) SpecFlow
General
1 4,354 (23.01%) Finance
2 1,616 (8.54%) Banking
3 1,047 (5.53%) Front Office
4 949 (5.02%) Retail
5 510 (2.70%) Marketing
6 485 (2.56%) Public Sector
7 444 (2.35%) Games
8 412 (2.18%) Telecoms
9 350 (1.85%) Investment Banking
10 280 (1.48%) Manufacturing
11 225 (1.19%) Law
12 214 (1.13%) Electronics
13 189 (1.00%) Advertising
14 181 (0.96%) Financial Institution
15 162 (0.86%) Back Office
16 146 (0.77%) Automotive
17 111 (0.59%) Legal
18 89 (0.47%) Aerospace
19 77 (0.41%) Billing
19 77 (0.41%) German Language
Job Titles
1 9,534 (50.39%) Developer
2 5,855 (30.95%) Java Developer
3 2,368 (12.52%) Senior Developer
4 2,333 (12.33%) Software Engineer
5 1,644 (8.69%) Senior Java Developer
6 1,479 (7.82%) Java Engineer
7 1,069 (5.65%) Software Developer
8 960 (5.07%) Java Software Engineer
9 924 (4.88%) Architect
10 868 (4.59%) DevOps Engineer
11 672 (3.55%) Analyst
12 647 (3.42%) Junior
12 647 (3.42%) Senior Software Engineer
13 566 (2.99%) Java Software Developer
14 536 (2.83%) Test Engineer
15 527 (2.79%) Lead Developer
16 507 (2.68%) Graduate
17 501 (2.65%) Consultant
18 483 (2.55%) Junior Developer
19 471 (2.49%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,179 (22.09%) Spring
2 2,630 (13.90%) Web Services
3 2,276 (12.03%) .NET
4 2,209 (11.68%) HTML
5 2,200 (11.63%) AngularJS
6 1,865 (9.86%) CSS
7 1,822 (9.63%) Spring Boot
8 1,739 (9.19%) REST
9 1,689 (8.93%) React
10 1,674 (8.85%) RESTful
11 1,568 (8.29%) Node.js
12 1,405 (7.43%) J2EE
13 1,311 (6.93%) Hibernate
14 1,143 (6.04%) XML
15 1,039 (5.49%) Kafka
16 906 (4.79%) SOAP
17 894 (4.73%) JSON
18 681 (3.60%) jQuery
19 677 (3.58%) HTML5
20 499 (2.64%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 1,160 (6.13%) Greenfield Project
2 1,028 (5.43%) Analytical Skills
3 721 (3.81%) Fixed Income
4 708 (3.74%) User Experience
5 688 (3.64%) Mobile App
6 678 (3.58%) Algorithms
7 631 (3.34%) Derivative
8 588 (3.11%) Enterprise Software
9 564 (2.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 552 (2.92%) Equities
11 445 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
12 422 (2.23%) Hedge funds
13 400 (2.11%) Data Structures
14 319 (1.69%) Public Cloud
15 276 (1.46%) Cloud Native
16 220 (1.16%) Management Information System
17 193 (1.02%) Linux Command Line
18 181 (0.96%) Client/Server
19 170 (0.90%) Virtual Team
20 161 (0.85%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 2,973 (15.71%) Linux
2 1,158 (6.12%) Unix
3 1,055 (5.58%) Android
3 1,055 (5.58%) Windows
4 663 (3.50%) Apple iOS
5 187 (0.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 175 (0.92%) CentOS
7 138 (0.73%) Windows Server
8 76 (0.40%) Ubuntu
9 54 (0.29%) Mac OS
10 43 (0.23%) Debian
11 42 (0.22%) Mac OS X
12 35 (0.18%) Mesosphere
13 34 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
14 31 (0.16%) AIX
15 25 (0.13%) Windows 10
16 23 (0.12%) Windows 7
17 22 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
17 22 (0.12%) zOS
18 18 (0.095%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,351 (49.42%) Agile Software Development
2 4,937 (26.09%) Software Engineering
3 3,905 (20.64%) Microservices
4 3,644 (19.26%) DevOps
5 3,245 (17.15%) TDD
6 3,086 (16.31%) Test Automation
7 2,801 (14.80%) Scrum
8 2,153 (11.38%) Continuous Integration
9 1,992 (10.53%) Computer Science
10 1,852 (9.79%) Mentoring
11 1,817 (9.60%) OO
12 1,816 (9.60%) Problem-Solving
13 1,803 (9.53%) BDD
14 1,401 (7.40%) Fintech
15 1,394 (7.37%) SDLC
16 1,314 (6.95%) Analytics
17 1,230 (6.50%) Open Source
18 1,061 (5.61%) Machine Learning
19 970 (5.13%) E-Commerce
20 938 (4.96%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 5,217 (27.57%) Python
2 5,090 (26.90%) JavaScript
3 4,590 (24.26%) SQL
4 3,860 (20.40%) C#
5 2,427 (12.83%) C++
6 2,034 (10.75%) Java 8
7 1,344 (7.10%) Scala
8 1,002 (5.30%) Ruby
9 941 (4.97%) C
10 937 (4.95%) PHP
11 927 (4.90%) Go
12 886 (4.68%) Kotlin
13 634 (3.35%) Bash Shell
14 527 (2.79%) R
15 526 (2.78%) TypeScript
16 414 (2.19%) PowerShell
17 389 (2.06%) PL/SQL
18 368 (1.95%) Perl
19 363 (1.92%) Objective-C
20 344 (1.82%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 2,440 (12.90%) Degree
2 855 (4.52%) Computer Science Degree
3 815 (4.31%) Security Cleared
4 397 (2.10%) SC Cleared
5 279 (1.47%) DV Cleared
6 214 (1.13%) ISTQB
7 164 (0.87%) PhD
8 141 (0.75%) Master's Degree
9 131 (0.69%) ISEB
10 113 (0.60%) Numerate Degree
11 87 (0.46%) CISSP
12 71 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 51 (0.27%) AWS Certification
14 41 (0.22%) Oracle Certification
15 38 (0.20%) CISM
16 34 (0.18%) CISA
17 28 (0.15%) Postgraduate
18 26 (0.14%) PMI Certification
19 25 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
20 21 (0.11%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,473 (7.79%) QA
2 99 (0.52%) Data Quality
3 75 (0.40%) GDPR
4 52 (0.27%) SLA
5 48 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 21 (0.11%) PSD2
7 20 (0.11%) PCI DSS
8 18 (0.095%) IFRS
8 18 (0.095%) IFRS 9
9 15 (0.079%) HMG Infosec
9 15 (0.079%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 15 (0.079%) JSP 440
10 12 (0.063%) Basel II
11 11 (0.058%) COBIT
11 11 (0.058%) ISO 9001
12 10 (0.053%) PMO
13 9 (0.048%) CRD IV
13 9 (0.048%) Def Stans
13 9 (0.048%) IEC 61131
14 7 (0.037%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 3,303 (17.46%) Docker
2 135 (0.71%) Active Directory
3 81 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
4 73 (0.39%) VMware Infrastructure
5 69 (0.36%) HDFS
6 54 (0.29%) Firmware
7 44 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 38 (0.20%) vSphere
9 33 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
9 33 (0.17%) vCloud
10 20 (0.11%) Apache Flume
11 19 (0.10%) Hyper-V
12 18 (0.095%) Forefront TMG
13 11 (0.058%) Job Entry Subsystem
14 9 (0.048%) NFS
15 7 (0.037%) LXC
15 7 (0.037%) OpenSSH
16 5 (0.026%) OpenAM
16 5 (0.026%) OpenIDM
16 5 (0.026%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 2,355 (12.45%) Kubernetes
2 1,134 (5.99%) Ansible
3 1,016 (5.37%) Terraform
4 809 (4.28%) Puppet
5 727 (3.84%) Opscode Chef
6 146 (0.77%) Prometheus
7 133 (0.70%) Mesos
8 124 (0.66%) Kibana
9 123 (0.65%) Salt
10 108 (0.57%) Grafana
11 98 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
12 90 (0.48%) Consul
13 89 (0.47%) Marathon
14 84 (0.44%) Hadoop YARN
15 78 (0.41%) Packer
15 78 (0.41%) Rancher
16 68 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
17 66 (0.35%) Istio
18 64 (0.34%) Nagios
19 62 (0.33%) Oozie
Vendors
1 2,133 (11.27%) Oracle
2 1,037 (5.48%) Microsoft
3 910 (4.81%) Google
4 527 (2.79%) SAP
5 363 (1.92%) Salesforce.com
6 292 (1.54%) IBM
7 287 (1.52%) WorldPay
8 277 (1.46%) Splunk
9 232 (1.23%) Red Hat
10 231 (1.22%) Atlassian
11 201 (1.06%) Adobe
12 169 (0.89%) MuleSoft
13 152 (0.80%) VMware
14 144 (0.76%) Bloomberg
14 144 (0.76%) Tableau
15 143 (0.76%) Sybase
16 124 (0.66%) Informatica
17 123 (0.65%) TIBCO
18 118 (0.62%) Sage
19 113 (0.60%) HP