Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 8 8 13
Rank change year-on-year 0 +5 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 25,143 28,157 26,690
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.70% 15.77% 14.44%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.55% 28.58% 27.22%
Number of salaries quoted 20,214 21,844 22,504
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% - +10.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 88,072 98,528 98,035
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.01% 55.20% 53.03%
Number of salaries quoted 73,188 81,342 84,409
UK median annual salary £50,208 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.42% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,250 £28,750
90th Percentile £84,600 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 23,123 £60,000 +9.09% 3,737
UK excluding London +4 12,786 £50,000 +5.26% 2,226
London 0 11,932 £70,000 +7.69% 1,826
South East +3 4,036 £52,500 +5.00% 592
North of England +1 2,694 £47,500 - 519
Midlands +1 1,552 £50,000 +13.64% 278
South West +2 1,541 £50,000 +11.11% 274
East of England 0 1,443 £52,500 +5.00% 248
North West +2 1,440 £50,000 +5.26% 244
Scotland 0 1,110 £50,000 +5.26% 214
Yorkshire +1 1,001 £45,000 -10.00% 197
West Midlands -3 792 £47,500 +13.10% 160
East Midlands +1 759 £52,500 +14.13% 118
Wales +12 398 £40,000 - 68
North East +6 261 £45,000 +12.50% 78
Northern Ireland -2 153 £42,500 +23.19% 34
Channel Islands - 1 £42,500 -

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 12,294 (48.90%) Agile Software Development
2 6,926 (27.55%) JavaScript
3 6,788 (27.00%) SQL
4 6,348 (25.25%) Python
5 6,021 (23.95%) Software Engineering
6 5,862 (23.31%) Finance
7 5,804 (23.08%) Spring
8 5,133 (20.42%) C#
9 4,837 (19.24%) TDD
10 4,738 (18.84%) Amazon AWS
11 4,440 (17.66%) Linux
12 4,316 (17.17%) HTML
13 4,060 (16.15%) Microservices
14 4,042 (16.08%) Test Automation
15 4,031 (16.03%) Degree
16 4,022 (16.00%) DevOps
17 3,738 (14.87%) Scrum
18 3,574 (14.21%) C++
19 3,557 (14.15%) Continuous Integration
20 3,369 (13.40%) Web Services
21 3,306 (13.15%) CSS
22 3,175 (12.63%) Jenkins
23 3,153 (12.54%) Docker
24 3,149 (12.52%) Git (software)
25 3,145 (12.51%) Computer Science
26 3,041 (12.09%) Oracle
27 3,026 (12.04%) .NET
28 2,998 (11.92%) AngularJS
29 2,936 (11.68%) Java 8
30 2,929 (11.65%) OO

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,173 (4.67%) Apache Spark
2 1,162 (4.62%) Apache
3 1,088 (4.33%) Tomcat
4 922 (3.67%) Elasticsearch
5 664 (2.64%) JBoss
6 613 (2.44%) Confluence
7 450 (1.79%) WebSphere
8 403 (1.60%) WebLogic
9 282 (1.12%) IIS
10 244 (0.97%) CMS
11 242 (0.96%) Apache Solr
12 217 (0.86%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 178 (0.71%) nginx
14 171 (0.68%) Apache Pig
15 164 (0.65%) SharePoint
16 159 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
17 141 (0.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 141 (0.56%) Ethereum
18 124 (0.49%) OpenStack
19 123 (0.49%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 148 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
2 126 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
3 66 (0.26%) Photoshop
4 63 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 41 (0.16%) Chatbot
6 31 (0.12%) MS Visio
7 26 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
8 18 (0.072%) Adobe Illustrator
9 16 (0.064%) Snapchat
10 14 (0.056%) Microsoft Project
11 10 (0.040%) GNU Octave
11 10 (0.040%) Weka
12 9 (0.036%) SPSS
13 8 (0.032%) RoboHelp
14 6 (0.024%) Acrobat
14 6 (0.024%) Doxygen
14 6 (0.024%) Mingle
15 5 (0.020%) SOLIDWORKS
16 4 (0.016%) InDesign
17 3 (0.012%) Maya
Business Applications
1 133 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 92 (0.37%) thinkFolio
3 84 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
4 81 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
5 60 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
6 54 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
7 49 (0.19%) Magento
8 33 (0.13%) Front Arena
8 33 (0.13%) Markit EDM
9 31 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
10 29 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
11 28 (0.11%) Ripple
12 26 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 26 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
13 25 (0.099%) Oracle BPM
14 24 (0.095%) SAP ERP
15 20 (0.080%) Oracle ERP
16 19 (0.076%) Actimize
17 17 (0.068%) Infor M3
18 16 (0.064%) Movex
Cloud Services
1 4,738 (18.84%) Amazon AWS
2 2,186 (8.69%) Microsoft Azure
3 896 (3.56%) Google Cloud Platform
4 751 (2.99%) SaaS
5 660 (2.62%) GitHub
6 539 (2.14%) Cloud Computing
7 473 (1.88%) PaaS
8 431 (1.71%) Serverless
9 362 (1.44%) Amazon EC2
10 330 (1.31%) OpenShift
11 314 (1.25%) AWS CloudFormation
12 253 (1.01%) AWS Lambda
13 250 (0.99%) Amazon S3
14 244 (0.97%) IaaS
15 165 (0.66%) IBM Cloud
16 134 (0.53%) Amazon EMR
17 127 (0.51%) npm
18 109 (0.43%) Office 365
19 100 (0.40%) Slack
20 99 (0.39%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 589 (2.34%) HTTP
2 510 (2.03%) Internet
3 391 (1.56%) TCP/IP
4 301 (1.20%) Firewall
5 300 (1.19%) DNS
6 182 (0.72%) SSL
7 132 (0.52%) VPN
8 75 (0.30%) Network Security
9 67 (0.27%) DHCP
10 63 (0.25%) Wireless
11 62 (0.25%) AMQP
12 56 (0.22%) FTP
12 56 (0.22%) SMS
13 50 (0.20%) SAN
14 49 (0.19%) HTTPS
15 47 (0.19%) LAN
16 38 (0.15%) Modbus
17 36 (0.14%) RS-485
17 36 (0.14%) SNMP
17 36 (0.14%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,392 (9.51%) Big Data
2 2,279 (9.06%) NoSQL
3 2,008 (7.99%) SQL Server
4 1,889 (7.51%) MySQL
5 1,695 (6.74%) Relational Database
6 1,480 (5.89%) Hadoop
7 1,410 (5.61%) MongoDB
8 1,262 (5.02%) PostgreSQL
9 861 (3.42%) Apache Cassandra
10 734 (2.92%) RDBMS
11 518 (2.06%) Apache Hive
12 471 (1.87%) Blockchain
13 444 (1.77%) Oracle Database
14 372 (1.48%) HBase
15 320 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
16 316 (1.26%) Redis
17 294 (1.17%) Amazon Redshift
18 278 (1.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 255 (1.01%) Amazon RDS
20 221 (0.88%) DB2
Development Applications
1 3,175 (12.63%) Jenkins
2 3,149 (12.52%) Git (software)
3 2,131 (8.48%) Maven
4 2,091 (8.32%) Selenium
5 1,735 (6.90%) JIRA
6 1,543 (6.14%) Cucumber
7 1,512 (6.01%) JUnit
8 879 (3.50%) Subversion
9 853 (3.39%) Gradle
10 741 (2.95%) WebDriver
11 618 (2.46%) TeamCity
12 613 (2.44%) Eclipse
13 606 (2.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 421 (1.67%) Visual Studio
15 402 (1.60%) SoapUI
16 381 (1.52%) Bitbucket
17 371 (1.48%) JMeter
18 355 (1.41%) Mockito
19 314 (1.25%) Ant
20 296 (1.18%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 5,862 (23.31%) Finance
2 2,227 (8.86%) Banking
3 989 (3.93%) Retail
4 814 (3.24%) Games
5 755 (3.00%) Investment Banking
6 747 (2.97%) Front Office
7 683 (2.72%) Marketing
8 610 (2.43%) Telecoms
9 553 (2.20%) Advertising
10 465 (1.85%) Manufacturing
11 412 (1.64%) Financial Institution
12 349 (1.39%) Law
13 333 (1.32%) Electronics
14 220 (0.87%) Publishing
15 218 (0.87%) Back Office
16 158 (0.63%) Automotive
17 125 (0.50%) Legal
18 96 (0.38%) Military
19 95 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
20 88 (0.35%) French Language
Job Titles
1 13,004 (51.72%) Developer
2 8,175 (32.51%) Java Developer
3 2,886 (11.48%) Software Engineer
4 2,640 (10.50%) Senior Developer
5 1,890 (7.52%) Senior Java Developer
6 1,830 (7.28%) Java Engineer
7 1,641 (6.53%) Architect
8 1,512 (6.01%) Software Developer
9 1,097 (4.36%) Java Software Engineer
10 1,042 (4.14%) Analyst
11 1,039 (4.13%) Graduate
12 918 (3.65%) Junior
13 839 (3.34%) Lead Developer
14 806 (3.21%) DevOps Engineer
15 794 (3.16%) Graduate Developer
16 730 (2.90%) Test Engineer
17 706 (2.81%) Senior Software Engineer
18 671 (2.67%) Junior Developer
19 636 (2.53%) Tester
20 612 (2.43%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,804 (23.08%) Spring
2 4,316 (17.17%) HTML
3 3,369 (13.40%) Web Services
4 3,306 (13.15%) CSS
5 3,026 (12.04%) .NET
6 2,998 (11.92%) AngularJS
7 2,607 (10.37%) REST
8 2,381 (9.47%) RESTful
9 2,104 (8.37%) Node.js
10 2,089 (8.31%) Hibernate
11 1,948 (7.75%) Spring Boot
12 1,941 (7.72%) React
13 1,849 (7.35%) XML
14 1,667 (6.63%) J2EE
15 1,520 (6.05%) HTML5
16 1,297 (5.16%) SOAP
17 1,205 (4.79%) Kafka
18 1,161 (4.62%) JSON
19 1,101 (4.38%) Java EE
20 1,000 (3.98%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 1,875 (7.46%) Fintech
2 1,583 (6.30%) Greenfield Project
3 1,559 (6.20%) Analytical Skills
4 1,156 (4.60%) Algorithms
5 1,034 (4.11%) User Experience
6 835 (3.32%) Enterprise Software
7 774 (3.08%) Mobile App
8 742 (2.95%) Self-Motivation
9 561 (2.23%) Data Structures
10 510 (2.03%) Derivative
11 484 (1.92%) Fixed Income
12 460 (1.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 459 (1.83%) Equities
14 440 (1.75%) Hedge funds
15 315 (1.25%) Management Information System
16 293 (1.17%) Public Cloud
17 238 (0.95%) Virtual Team
18 229 (0.91%) Cloud Native
19 223 (0.89%) Robotics
20 203 (0.81%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 4,440 (17.66%) Linux
2 1,709 (6.80%) Unix
3 1,708 (6.79%) Windows
4 1,205 (4.79%) Android
5 888 (3.53%) Apple iOS
6 381 (1.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 260 (1.03%) Windows Server
8 246 (0.98%) CentOS
9 188 (0.75%) Ubuntu
10 134 (0.53%) Solaris
11 108 (0.43%) Mac OS X
12 94 (0.37%) AIX
13 65 (0.26%) Debian
14 40 (0.16%) SUSE
15 37 (0.15%) Mac OS
16 35 (0.14%) Fedora
17 33 (0.13%) FreeRTOS
17 33 (0.13%) HPUX
18 31 (0.12%) Windows 7
18 31 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 12,294 (48.90%) Agile Software Development
2 6,021 (23.95%) Software Engineering
3 4,837 (19.24%) TDD
4 4,060 (16.15%) Microservices
5 4,042 (16.08%) Test Automation
6 4,022 (16.00%) DevOps
7 3,738 (14.87%) Scrum
8 3,557 (14.15%) Continuous Integration
9 3,145 (12.51%) Computer Science
10 2,929 (11.65%) OO
11 2,616 (10.40%) Problem-Solving
12 2,482 (9.87%) BDD
13 2,160 (8.59%) Open Source
14 2,121 (8.44%) SDLC
15 1,888 (7.51%) Mentoring
16 1,613 (6.42%) MVC
17 1,596 (6.35%) Analytics
18 1,382 (5.50%) Machine Learning
19 1,331 (5.29%) Multithreading
20 1,275 (5.07%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 6,926 (27.55%) JavaScript
2 6,788 (27.00%) SQL
3 6,348 (25.25%) Python
4 5,133 (20.42%) C#
5 3,574 (14.21%) C++
6 2,936 (11.68%) Java 8
7 1,918 (7.63%) Scala
8 1,660 (6.60%) PHP
9 1,552 (6.17%) Ruby
10 1,429 (5.68%) C
11 1,035 (4.12%) Go
12 887 (3.53%) Bash Shell
13 774 (3.08%) Perl
14 710 (2.82%) PL/SQL
15 618 (2.46%) PowerShell
16 512 (2.04%) Shell Script
17 500 (1.99%) Kotlin
18 469 (1.87%) R
19 459 (1.83%) TypeScript
20 384 (1.53%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 4,031 (16.03%) Degree
2 1,328 (5.28%) Computer Science Degree
3 858 (3.41%) Security Cleared
4 466 (1.85%) SC Cleared
5 454 (1.81%) PhD
6 294 (1.17%) DV Cleared
7 273 (1.09%) Master's Degree
8 263 (1.05%) ISTQB
9 244 (0.97%) Numerate Degree
10 184 (0.73%) ISEB
11 134 (0.53%) MPhil
12 121 (0.48%) CISSP
13 120 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
14 85 (0.34%) MCSE
15 82 (0.33%) AWS Certification
16 63 (0.25%) SANS
17 57 (0.23%) SSCP
18 54 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
19 53 (0.21%) ITIL Certification
19 53 (0.21%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,087 (8.30%) QA
2 135 (0.54%) GDPR
3 130 (0.52%) SLA
4 110 (0.44%) Data Quality
5 78 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 52 (0.21%) PCI DSS
7 38 (0.15%) PSD2
8 37 (0.15%) PMO
9 35 (0.14%) MiFID
10 33 (0.13%) HIPAA
11 22 (0.087%) SEPA
12 21 (0.084%) Cyber Essentials
13 20 (0.080%) HL7
14 18 (0.072%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 16 (0.064%) ISO 20022
16 14 (0.056%) ISO 9001
17 11 (0.044%) ISO/IEC 20000
18 10 (0.040%) DICOM
19 9 (0.036%) ECSS
20 8 (0.032%) IFRS
System Software
1 3,153 (12.54%) Docker
2 327 (1.30%) Active Directory
3 224 (0.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 188 (0.75%) HDFS
5 126 (0.50%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 119 (0.47%) Apache Flume
7 105 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
8 79 (0.31%) Firmware
9 70 (0.28%) Hyper-V
10 59 (0.23%) vSphere
11 30 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
12 26 (0.10%) Oracle RAC
13 24 (0.095%) GridGain
14 23 (0.091%) VirtualBox
15 21 (0.084%) etcd
15 21 (0.084%) Virtual Servers
16 18 (0.072%) Varnish
17 14 (0.056%) GlusterFS
18 13 (0.052%) KVM
19 12 (0.048%) Gluster
Systems Management
1 1,519 (6.04%) Kubernetes
2 1,431 (5.69%) Ansible
3 1,202 (4.78%) Puppet
4 953 (3.79%) Opscode Chef
5 824 (3.28%) Terraform
6 255 (1.01%) Salt
7 175 (0.70%) Nagios
8 162 (0.64%) Docker Swarm
9 152 (0.60%) Packer
10 149 (0.59%) Prometheus
11 144 (0.57%) Kibana
12 140 (0.56%) Oozie
13 135 (0.54%) Grafana
14 112 (0.45%) Hadoop YARN
15 105 (0.42%) logstash
16 102 (0.41%) Consul
17 89 (0.35%) Graphite
18 75 (0.30%) ZABBIX
19 62 (0.25%) Mesos
20 55 (0.22%) Opsview
Vendors
1 3,041 (12.09%) Oracle
2 1,412 (5.62%) Microsoft
3 1,020 (4.06%) Google
4 671 (2.67%) SAP
5 555 (2.21%) Red Hat
6 430 (1.71%) IBM
7 319 (1.27%) VMware
8 302 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
9 297 (1.18%) Splunk
10 296 (1.18%) Tableau
11 264 (1.05%) Atlassian
12 234 (0.93%) Sybase
13 229 (0.91%) Cloudera
14 218 (0.87%) Adobe
15 202 (0.80%) TIBCO
16 195 (0.78%) Hortonworks
17 172 (0.68%) WorldPay
18 152 (0.60%) hybris
19 127 (0.51%) AppDynamics
20 125 (0.50%) Apple