Period
to 5 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 5 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
5 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 12 10 8
Rank change year-on-year -2 -2 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 8,315 18,759 25,559
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.72% 13.89% 15.70%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.94% 25.81% 28.48%
Number of salaries quoted 8,303 16,272 21,501
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +8.70% +4.55%
10th Percentile £40,000 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £102,500 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 33,339 72,695 89,747
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 59.02% 53.81% 55.13%
Number of salaries quoted 28,564 60,055 74,701
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 5 December 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 5 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 7,587 £65,000 +0.46% 1,640
London -2 4,316 £75,000 - 835
UK excluding London 0 3,732 £55,000 +10.00% 946
Work from Home -1 1,408 £60,000 -7.69% 362
South East +1 1,105 £60,000 +14.29% 200
North of England -3 888 £52,500 +5.00% 283
South West +3 612 £50,000 +2.04% 123
Yorkshire +2 446 £52,500 +5.00% 85
Scotland +2 419 £50,000 - 96
North West -14 320 £55,000 +4.76% 151
Midlands -8 318 £52,500 +6.36% 105
East of England 0 246 £55,000 - 86
West Midlands +10 212 £52,500 +14.75% 72
North East +8 121 £50,000 +3.09% 47
East Midlands -18 104 £52,500 +5.00% 32
Northern Ireland +3 78 £50,000 +11.11% 34
Wales -14 67 £50,000 +17.65% 19

For the 6 months to 5 December 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 3,924 (47.19%) Agile Software Development
2 2,824 (33.96%) Python
3 2,631 (31.64%) JavaScript
4 2,492 (29.97%) AWS
5 2,134 (25.66%) SQL
6 1,984 (23.86%) Software Engineering
7 1,924 (23.14%) Finance
8 1,886 (22.68%) DevOps
9 1,824 (21.94%) Microservices
10 1,814 (21.82%) Spring
11 1,701 (20.46%) Docker
12 1,473 (17.71%) TDD
13 1,427 (17.16%) Kubernetes
14 1,410 (16.96%) Azure
15 1,403 (16.87%) C#
16 1,253 (15.07%) Test Automation
17 1,242 (14.94%) Scrum
18 1,148 (13.81%) AngularJS
19 1,116 (13.42%) Web Services
20 1,103 (13.27%) React
21 1,050 (12.63%) Jenkins
22 1,049 (12.62%) Linux
23 998 (12.00%) Git (software)
24 990 (11.91%) Spring Boot
25 953 (11.46%) Degree
26 935 (11.24%) Node.js
27 896 (10.78%) C++
28 865 (10.40%) GCP
29 860 (10.34%) Continuous Integration
30 810 (9.74%) BDD

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 345 (4.15%) Elasticsearch
2 336 (4.04%) Apache Spark
3 307 (3.69%) Apache
4 275 (3.31%) Confluence
5 195 (2.35%) Tomcat
6 113 (1.36%) WebSphere
7 92 (1.11%) JBoss
8 72 (0.87%) SAS
9 66 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
10 65 (0.78%) WebLogic
11 57 (0.69%) nginx
12 45 (0.54%) CMS
13 38 (0.46%) Mule
14 37 (0.44%) Red Hat Fuse
15 35 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 28 (0.34%) IIS
16 28 (0.34%) Oracle Workflow
17 26 (0.31%) SharePoint
18 24 (0.29%) BizTalk Server
19 21 (0.25%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 20 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (0.23%) Sketch
3 17 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
4 16 (0.19%) Adobe XD
5 15 (0.18%) Figma
6 12 (0.14%) MS Visio
7 11 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
8 10 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 8 (0.096%) Chatbot
10 3 (0.036%) InVision
10 3 (0.036%) Maya
11 2 (0.024%) Blender
11 2 (0.024%) Microsoft Project
12 1 (0.012%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 1 (0.012%) Simulink
12 1 (0.012%) S-PLUS
12 1 (0.012%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 33 (0.40%) R3 Corda
2 31 (0.37%) Distributed Ledger
3 26 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
3 26 (0.31%) Remedy ITSM
4 23 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
5 20 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
5 20 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
6 15 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
7 10 (0.12%) SAP GTS
8 9 (0.11%) Magento
9 8 (0.096%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 8 (0.096%) SAP S/4HANA
9 8 (0.096%) Sentinel
10 7 (0.084%) SAP CRM
11 6 (0.072%) Oracle Applications
11 6 (0.072%) Oracle EBS
11 6 (0.072%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 5 (0.060%) FINCAD Analytics
12 5 (0.060%) Oracle ERP
13 4 (0.048%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 2,492 (29.97%) AWS
2 1,410 (16.96%) Azure
3 865 (10.40%) GCP
4 436 (5.24%) SaaS
5 384 (4.62%) Serverless
6 281 (3.38%) AWS Lambda
7 241 (2.90%) Amazon EC2
8 193 (2.32%) GitHub
9 178 (2.14%) PaaS
10 177 (2.13%) Amazon S3
11 143 (1.72%) AWS CloudFormation
12 131 (1.58%) IaaS
13 129 (1.55%) OpenShift
14 118 (1.42%) Amazon ECS
15 102 (1.23%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 89 (1.07%) Apigee
17 82 (0.99%) Power Platform
18 74 (0.89%) Cloud Computing
19 65 (0.78%) Amazon Kinesis
20 61 (0.73%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 157 (1.89%) HTTP
2 76 (0.91%) TCP/IP
3 72 (0.87%) Internet
4 68 (0.82%) Firewall
5 67 (0.81%) DNS
6 29 (0.35%) HTTPS
7 26 (0.31%) FTP
7 26 (0.31%) SSH
8 25 (0.30%) VPN
8 25 (0.30%) Wireless
9 22 (0.26%) SSL
10 19 (0.23%) SMTP
11 15 (0.18%) AMQP
11 15 (0.18%) Bluetooth
11 15 (0.18%) Broadband
12 14 (0.17%) Kerberos
13 13 (0.16%) IMAP
14 11 (0.13%) DHCP
15 10 (0.12%) 5G
15 10 (0.12%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 785 (9.44%) NoSQL
2 673 (8.09%) PostgreSQL
3 631 (7.59%) Big Data
4 510 (6.13%) MySQL
5 495 (5.95%) SQL Server
6 444 (5.34%) MongoDB
7 388 (4.67%) Relational Database
8 357 (4.29%) Hadoop
9 205 (2.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 198 (2.38%) Apache Cassandra
11 175 (2.10%) Redis
12 161 (1.94%) Data Warehouse
13 130 (1.56%) Amazon Redshift
14 127 (1.53%) Blockchain
15 126 (1.52%) Apache Hive
16 92 (1.11%) Oracle Database
17 78 (0.94%) RDBMS
18 77 (0.93%) Data Lake
18 77 (0.93%) Power BI
19 71 (0.85%) DB2
Development Applications
1 1,050 (12.63%) Jenkins
2 998 (12.00%) Git (software)
3 693 (8.33%) Selenium
4 620 (7.46%) JIRA
5 468 (5.63%) Cucumber
6 440 (5.29%) Maven
7 411 (4.94%) JUnit
8 204 (2.45%) WebDriver
9 197 (2.37%) Subversion
10 190 (2.29%) GitLab
11 182 (2.19%) Gradle
12 163 (1.96%) Mockito
13 152 (1.83%) Appium
14 127 (1.53%) JMeter
15 116 (1.40%) Artifactory
15 116 (1.40%) Bitbucket
16 114 (1.37%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 111 (1.33%) TeamCity
18 110 (1.32%) Eclipse
19 107 (1.29%) SoapUI
General
1 1,924 (23.14%) Finance
2 734 (8.83%) Banking
3 520 (6.25%) Front Office
4 305 (3.67%) Public Sector
5 211 (2.54%) Retail
6 207 (2.49%) Investment Banking
7 189 (2.27%) Games
8 135 (1.62%) Marketing
9 131 (1.58%) Telecoms
10 109 (1.31%) Law
11 83 (1.00%) Manufacturing
12 79 (0.95%) Advertising
13 78 (0.94%) Back Office
14 64 (0.77%) Electronics
15 46 (0.55%) Financial Institution
16 40 (0.48%) Publishing
17 33 (0.40%) Retail Banking
18 28 (0.34%) Legal
19 19 (0.23%) Online Betting
20 17 (0.20%) Billing
Job Titles
1 4,144 (49.84%) Developer
2 2,201 (26.47%) Java Developer
3 1,092 (13.13%) Software Engineer
4 869 (10.45%) Senior Developer
5 694 (8.35%) Java Engineer
6 532 (6.40%) Senior Java Developer
7 526 (6.33%) Architect
8 408 (4.91%) Software Developer
9 391 (4.70%) DevOps Engineer
10 378 (4.55%) Full Stack Developer
11 357 (4.29%) Lead Developer
12 341 (4.10%) Java Software Engineer
13 338 (4.06%) Python Developer
14 308 (3.70%) Python Engineer
15 281 (3.38%) Developer/Software Engineer
16 232 (2.79%) Tester
17 230 (2.77%) Data Engineer
18 220 (2.65%) Senior Software Engineer
19 218 (2.62%) AWS Engineer
20 205 (2.47%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,814 (21.82%) Spring
2 1,148 (13.81%) AngularJS
3 1,116 (13.42%) Web Services
4 1,103 (13.27%) React
5 990 (11.91%) Spring Boot
6 935 (11.24%) Node.js
7 798 (9.60%) .NET
8 765 (9.20%) Kafka
9 752 (9.04%) HTML
10 695 (8.36%) REST
11 688 (8.27%) RESTful
12 658 (7.91%) CSS
13 440 (5.29%) Vue.js
14 398 (4.79%) Hibernate
15 312 (3.75%) JSON
16 305 (3.67%) SOAP
17 303 (3.64%) XML
18 300 (3.61%) J2EE
19 257 (3.09%) RabbitMQ
20 223 (2.68%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 495 (5.95%) Fixed Income
2 491 (5.90%) Greenfield Project
3 424 (5.10%) Analytical Skills
4 421 (5.06%) Hedge funds
5 412 (4.95%) Algorithms
6 396 (4.76%) Derivative
7 370 (4.45%) Mobile App
8 346 (4.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 332 (3.99%) Equities
10 300 (3.61%) Data Structures
11 244 (2.93%) User Experience
12 189 (2.27%) Self-Motivation
13 188 (2.26%) Enterprise Software
14 184 (2.21%) Cloud Native
15 135 (1.62%) Public Cloud
16 106 (1.27%) Management Information System
17 96 (1.15%) Virtual Team
18 75 (0.90%) Credit Derivative
19 69 (0.83%) NHS
20 67 (0.81%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 1,049 (12.62%) Linux
2 524 (6.30%) Android
3 398 (4.79%) Unix
4 353 (4.25%) Windows
5 289 (3.48%) Apple iOS
6 88 (1.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 78 (0.94%) CentOS
8 36 (0.43%) Ubuntu
9 35 (0.42%) Windows Server
10 23 (0.28%) AIX
11 22 (0.26%) CoreOS
12 16 (0.19%) zOS
13 13 (0.16%) VMS
14 12 (0.14%) Mesosphere
15 11 (0.13%) Solaris
16 10 (0.12%) Mac OS
17 9 (0.11%) Mac OS X
18 5 (0.060%) Debian
19 4 (0.048%) Embedded Linux
20 3 (0.036%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,924 (47.19%) Agile Software Development
2 1,984 (23.86%) Software Engineering
3 1,886 (22.68%) DevOps
4 1,824 (21.94%) Microservices
5 1,473 (17.71%) TDD
6 1,253 (15.07%) Test Automation
7 1,242 (14.94%) Scrum
8 860 (10.34%) Continuous Integration
9 810 (9.74%) BDD
10 782 (9.40%) OO
11 739 (8.89%) Computer Science
12 709 (8.53%) Fintech
13 623 (7.49%) Problem-Solving
14 614 (7.38%) Mentoring
15 602 (7.24%) Analytics
16 536 (6.45%) Open Source
17 530 (6.37%) SDLC
18 474 (5.70%) Asset Management
19 453 (5.45%) Machine Learning
20 384 (4.62%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 2,824 (33.96%) Python
2 2,631 (31.64%) JavaScript
3 2,134 (25.66%) SQL
4 1,403 (16.87%) C#
5 896 (10.78%) C++
6 716 (8.61%) Java 8
7 714 (8.59%) Kotlin
8 609 (7.32%) Scala
9 586 (7.05%) Go
10 519 (6.24%) TypeScript
11 424 (5.10%) Ruby
12 368 (4.43%) C
13 298 (3.58%) PHP
14 264 (3.17%) Bash Shell
15 219 (2.63%) R
16 187 (2.25%) Perl
17 185 (2.22%) PowerShell
18 177 (2.13%) Shell Script
19 153 (1.84%) Apple Swift
20 130 (1.56%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 953 (11.46%) Degree
2 521 (6.27%) Security Cleared
3 377 (4.53%) SC Cleared
4 293 (3.52%) Computer Science Degree
5 146 (1.76%) DV Cleared
6 126 (1.52%) ISTQB
7 80 (0.96%) ISEB
8 79 (0.95%) Numerate Degree
9 75 (0.90%) PhD
10 62 (0.75%) Master's Degree
11 47 (0.57%) Sun Certification
12 30 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
13 23 (0.28%) CISSP
14 21 (0.25%) AWS Certification
14 21 (0.25%) CISM
14 21 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 20 (0.24%) CSSLP
16 19 (0.23%) ISEB Practitioner
17 16 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
18 15 (0.18%) CFA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 539 (6.48%) QA
2 76 (0.91%) NIST
3 47 (0.57%) Data Quality
4 42 (0.51%) SLA
5 40 (0.48%) GDPR
6 29 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 15 (0.18%) MiFID
8 11 (0.13%) COBIT
8 11 (0.13%) EMIR
9 10 (0.12%) PCI DSS
10 9 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
10 9 (0.11%) WCAG
11 8 (0.096%) PMO
12 6 (0.072%) ISO 13485
12 6 (0.072%) NCSC
13 5 (0.060%) ISO 9001
14 4 (0.048%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 4 (0.048%) ISO/IEC 27005
15 3 (0.036%) IEC 62304
15 3 (0.036%) PSD2
System Software
1 1,701 (20.46%) Docker
2 99 (1.19%) Active Directory
3 82 (0.99%) VMware Infrastructure
4 59 (0.71%) HDFS
5 20 (0.24%) Firmware
6 19 (0.23%) Hyper-V
7 18 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 17 (0.20%) vSphere
9 15 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
10 13 (0.16%) NFS
11 12 (0.14%) BitLocker
11 12 (0.14%) XenApp
12 11 (0.13%) Postfix
12 11 (0.13%) VirtualBox
13 9 (0.11%) NDS
13 9 (0.11%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 6 (0.072%) GlusterFS
15 5 (0.060%) LXC
16 4 (0.048%) Apache Flume
17 3 (0.036%) GPFS
Systems Management
1 1,427 (17.16%) Kubernetes
2 725 (8.72%) Terraform
3 586 (7.05%) Ansible
4 275 (3.31%) Puppet
5 227 (2.73%) Opscode Chef
6 135 (1.62%) Grafana
7 92 (1.11%) Prometheus
8 54 (0.65%) ZABBIX
9 52 (0.63%) Istio
10 35 (0.42%) Kibana
11 31 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
12 28 (0.34%) Consul
12 28 (0.34%) Nagios
13 25 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
13 25 (0.30%) Graphite
13 25 (0.30%) HP Quality Center
13 25 (0.30%) Packer
14 23 (0.28%) logstash
15 17 (0.20%) SCCM
16 16 (0.19%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 598 (7.19%) Oracle
2 483 (5.81%) Google
3 330 (3.97%) Microsoft
4 171 (2.06%) IBM
5 162 (1.95%) SAP
6 145 (1.74%) Splunk
7 131 (1.58%) Red Hat
8 118 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
9 111 (1.33%) ServiceNow
10 103 (1.24%) MuleSoft
11 95 (1.14%) VMware
12 93 (1.12%) Atlassian
13 77 (0.93%) Talend
14 75 (0.90%) New Relic
15 59 (0.71%) Adobe
16 58 (0.70%) Informatica
17 55 (0.66%) Cloudera
18 50 (0.60%) TIBCO
19 43 (0.52%) Xamarin
20 39 (0.47%) Apple