Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 26 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
26 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 12 13 11
Rank change year-on-year +1 -2 -2
Permanent jobs citing Java 23,965 11,980 13,000
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.58% 12.92% 14.19%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.58% 23.60% 25.81%
Number of salaries quoted 9,784 8,960 10,640
10th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £37,460
25th Percentile £51,250 £47,500 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% - +8.33%
75th Percentile £93,750 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £102,500 £107,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £51,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +6.80% +3.00%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 90,172 50,760 50,374
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.84% 54.75% 54.99%
Number of salaries quoted 43,710 39,096 41,821
10th Percentile £37,000 £33,750 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £73,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £91,250 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 26 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 26 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England 0 19,886 £72,500 +11.54% 1,972
London -1 12,833 £85,000 +6.25% 1,074
Work from Home +3 10,456 £70,000 +12.00% 911
UK excluding London -1 7,692 £57,500 +4.55% 1,044
North of England +3 2,104 £55,000 - 291
South East -3 2,019 £60,000 +4.35% 207
North West +10 1,106 £58,000 +5.45% 177
Midlands +10 1,039 £57,500 +9.52% 159
South West -9 1,005 £55,000 +4.76% 108
Yorkshire -1 878 £55,000 - 82
Scotland -1 854 £60,000 +20.00% 127
West Midlands +10 655 £57,500 +4.55% 106
East of England -6 500 £55,000 -12.00% 117
East Midlands +13 371 £55,000 +10.00% 52
Wales -16 151 £47,500 +6.77% 19
North East -14 123 £50,000 - 33
Northern Ireland -8 90 £56,250 +25.00% 17

For the 6 months to 26 May 2022, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 12,748 (53.19%) Agile
2 9,607 (40.09%) Python
3 9,352 (39.02%) AWS
4 9,177 (38.29%) Software Engineering
5 8,458 (35.29%) JavaScript
6 6,953 (29.01%) Finance
7 6,780 (28.29%) CI/CD
8 6,671 (27.84%) Docker
9 6,582 (27.47%) Kubernetes
10 6,574 (27.43%) Microservices
11 6,319 (26.37%) DevOps
12 6,032 (25.17%) Spring
13 5,774 (24.09%) SQL
14 5,501 (22.95%) Azure
15 5,302 (22.12%) TDD
16 5,020 (20.95%) React
17 4,870 (20.32%) Social Skills
18 4,809 (20.07%) Test Automation
19 4,736 (19.76%) Git (software)
20 4,718 (19.69%) C#
21 4,321 (18.03%) GCP
22 4,078 (17.02%) Jenkins
23 3,999 (16.69%) Mentoring
24 3,733 (15.58%) Spring Boot
25 3,729 (15.56%) Scrum
26 3,629 (15.14%) Kafka
27 3,443 (14.37%) HTML
28 3,427 (14.30%) Full Stack Development
29 3,420 (14.27%) Problem-Solving
30 3,393 (14.16%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,229 (5.13%) Apache Spark
2 968 (4.04%) Elasticsearch
3 875 (3.65%) Apache
4 655 (2.73%) Confluence
5 416 (1.74%) Apache Airflow
6 355 (1.48%) CMS
7 273 (1.14%) Tomcat
8 260 (1.08%) Apache Solr
9 222 (0.93%) nginx
10 161 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
11 159 (0.66%) WebSphere
12 116 (0.48%) Ethereum
12 116 (0.48%) JBoss
13 108 (0.45%) SharePoint
14 101 (0.42%) IIS
15 96 (0.40%) Headless CMS
16 89 (0.37%) OpenStack
17 86 (0.36%) WebLogic
18 83 (0.35%) Jetty
19 68 (0.28%) Apache Pulsar
Applications
1 101 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
2 92 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
3 46 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 39 (0.16%) Chatbot
5 36 (0.15%) MS Visio
6 33 (0.14%) Sketch
7 20 (0.083%) InVision
8 18 (0.075%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 15 (0.063%) CATIA
10 13 (0.054%) Photoshop
11 9 (0.038%) Maple
11 9 (0.038%) Simulink
12 6 (0.025%) Microsoft Project
12 6 (0.025%) Spreadsheet
13 4 (0.017%) Adobe After Effects
14 3 (0.013%) LaTeX
15 2 (0.008%) FileZilla
15 2 (0.008%) Pipeline Pilot
16 1 (0.004%) PTC Creo
16 1 (0.004%) Snagit
Business Applications
1 167 (0.70%) Distributed Ledger
2 127 (0.53%) R3 Corda
3 92 (0.38%) Payment Gateway
4 68 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
5 50 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
6 24 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
6 24 (0.10%) Oracle Payables
7 23 (0.096%) Shopify
8 21 (0.088%) Magento
9 16 (0.067%) Oracle EBS
9 16 (0.067%) SAP Hybris
10 15 (0.063%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
11 14 (0.058%) NetSuite
12 12 (0.050%) Ripple
12 12 (0.050%) Ripple XRP
12 12 (0.050%) thinkFolio
13 10 (0.042%) Summit
14 9 (0.038%) Oracle Applications
15 8 (0.033%) Oracle ERP
15 8 (0.033%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 9,352 (39.02%) AWS
2 5,501 (22.95%) Azure
3 4,321 (18.03%) GCP
4 2,554 (10.66%) Serverless
5 1,499 (6.25%) GitHub
6 1,140 (4.76%) AWS Lambda
7 1,084 (4.52%) SaaS
8 898 (3.75%) OpenShift
9 742 (3.10%) Amazon S3
10 728 (3.04%) Cloud Computing
11 639 (2.67%) AWS CloudFormation
12 579 (2.42%) Amazon EC2
13 509 (2.12%) PaaS
14 407 (1.70%) Amazon ECS
15 378 (1.58%) Cloud Functions
16 362 (1.51%) Amazon Kinesis
17 333 (1.39%) Datadog
18 326 (1.36%) Amazon SQS
19 320 (1.34%) Amazon EKS
20 297 (1.24%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 726 (3.03%) HTTP
2 587 (2.45%) Internet
3 258 (1.08%) Broadband
4 249 (1.04%) Firewall
5 215 (0.90%) TCP/IP
6 176 (0.73%) PPP
7 170 (0.71%) Network Security
8 167 (0.70%) DNS
9 156 (0.65%) SSL
10 126 (0.53%) VoIP
11 86 (0.36%) SSH
12 80 (0.33%) MQTT
12 80 (0.33%) Wireless
13 74 (0.31%) AMQP
14 69 (0.29%) VPN
15 67 (0.28%) FTP
16 63 (0.26%) HTTPS
17 60 (0.25%) Kerberos
18 55 (0.23%) Cisco IPT
19 48 (0.20%) NFC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,851 (11.90%) PostgreSQL
2 2,833 (11.82%) NoSQL
3 2,166 (9.04%) MySQL
4 2,025 (8.45%) Relational Database
5 1,987 (8.29%) MongoDB
6 1,864 (7.78%) Big Data
7 1,204 (5.02%) SQL Server
8 1,022 (4.26%) Redis
9 889 (3.71%) Hadoop
10 807 (3.37%) Apache Cassandra
11 669 (2.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 638 (2.66%) BigQuery
13 510 (2.13%) Data Warehouse
14 500 (2.09%) RDBMS
15 494 (2.06%) Flink
16 437 (1.82%) Data Lake
17 376 (1.57%) Amazon Aurora
18 367 (1.53%) Amazon RDS
19 335 (1.40%) Amazon Redshift
20 255 (1.06%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 4,736 (19.76%) Git (software)
2 4,078 (17.02%) Jenkins
3 2,009 (8.38%) JIRA
4 1,853 (7.73%) Maven
5 1,502 (6.27%) Selenium
6 1,486 (6.20%) JUnit
7 1,341 (5.60%) Gradle
8 1,184 (4.94%) Cucumber
9 880 (3.67%) GitLab
10 657 (2.74%) Postman
11 655 (2.73%) Mockito
12 593 (2.47%) Bitbucket
13 552 (2.30%) Cypress.io
14 513 (2.14%) Subversion
15 501 (2.09%) JMeter
16 422 (1.76%) CircleCI
17 385 (1.61%) SonarQube
18 370 (1.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 362 (1.51%) webpack
20 358 (1.49%) TeamCity
General
1 6,953 (29.01%) Finance
2 4,870 (20.32%) Social Skills
3 2,344 (9.78%) Banking
4 1,807 (7.54%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 1,659 (6.92%) Analytical Skills
6 1,387 (5.79%) Retail
7 1,281 (5.35%) Games
8 1,022 (4.26%) Manufacturing
9 976 (4.07%) Public Sector
10 876 (3.66%) Marketing
11 595 (2.48%) Law
12 555 (2.32%) Front Office
13 478 (1.99%) Telecoms
14 429 (1.79%) Advertising
15 421 (1.76%) Financial Institution
16 414 (1.73%) Legal
17 285 (1.19%) Automotive
18 230 (0.96%) Presentation Skills
19 227 (0.95%) Investment Banking
20 205 (0.86%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 8,646 (36.08%) Developer
2 5,473 (22.84%) Software Engineer
3 4,306 (17.97%) Java Developer
4 2,411 (10.06%) Java Engineer
5 2,289 (9.55%) Senior Developer
6 1,846 (7.70%) Senior Software Engineer
7 1,534 (6.40%) Software Developer
8 1,383 (5.77%) Senior Java Developer
9 1,126 (4.70%) Java Software Engineer
10 1,089 (4.54%) Data Engineer
11 995 (4.15%) DevOps Engineer
12 906 (3.78%) Architect
13 881 (3.68%) Senior Java Engineer
14 824 (3.44%) Full Stack Developer
15 636 (2.65%) Principal Engineer
16 626 (2.61%) Cloud Engineer
17 567 (2.37%) Technical Leader
18 558 (2.33%) Trainee
19 543 (2.27%) Trainee Developer
20 541 (2.26%) Trainee Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,032 (25.17%) Spring
2 5,020 (20.95%) React
3 3,733 (15.58%) Spring Boot
4 3,629 (15.14%) Kafka
5 3,443 (14.37%) HTML
6 3,393 (14.16%) Node.js
7 3,176 (13.25%) CSS
8 3,132 (13.07%) REST
9 2,940 (12.27%) AngularJS
10 2,807 (11.71%) .NET
11 2,782 (11.61%) RESTful
12 1,762 (7.35%) Web Services
13 1,594 (6.65%) HTML5
14 1,286 (5.37%) JSON
15 1,135 (4.74%) CSS3
16 1,132 (4.72%) Hibernate
17 1,095 (4.57%) Vue.js
18 969 (4.04%) XML
19 829 (3.46%) GraphQL
20 779 (3.25%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 2,044 (8.53%) Data Structures
2 1,834 (7.65%) Algorithms
3 1,464 (6.11%) User Experience
4 1,345 (5.61%) Cloud Native
5 1,248 (5.21%) Mobile App
6 874 (3.65%) Greenfield Project
7 821 (3.43%) Life Science
8 700 (2.92%) Public Cloud
9 688 (2.87%) Self-Motivation
10 640 (2.67%) Enterprise Software
11 553 (2.31%) Blockchain
12 551 (2.30%) Virtual Team
13 476 (1.99%) Social Media
14 470 (1.96%) Blog
15 465 (1.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 458 (1.91%) Cyberattack
17 428 (1.79%) Hedge funds
18 420 (1.75%) Fixed Income
18 420 (1.75%) Linux Command Line
19 419 (1.75%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 3,291 (13.73%) Linux
2 1,509 (6.30%) Android
3 1,255 (5.24%) Unix
4 1,038 (4.33%) Windows
5 891 (3.72%) Apple iOS
6 128 (0.53%) Mac OS
7 124 (0.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 111 (0.46%) CentOS
9 105 (0.44%) Mesosphere
10 93 (0.39%) Ubuntu
11 73 (0.30%) Windows Server
12 67 (0.28%) Mac OS X
13 57 (0.24%) Embedded Linux
14 52 (0.22%) Debian
15 35 (0.15%) VMS
16 30 (0.13%) AIX
17 14 (0.058%) Solaris
17 14 (0.058%) Windows 10
18 9 (0.038%) Kali Linux
18 9 (0.038%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 12,748 (53.19%) Agile
2 9,177 (38.29%) Software Engineering
3 6,780 (28.29%) CI/CD
4 6,574 (27.43%) Microservices
5 6,319 (26.37%) DevOps
6 5,302 (22.12%) TDD
7 4,809 (20.07%) Test Automation
8 3,999 (16.69%) Mentoring
9 3,729 (15.56%) Scrum
10 3,427 (14.30%) Full Stack Development
11 3,420 (14.27%) Problem-Solving
12 3,182 (13.28%) Continuous Integration
13 2,865 (11.95%) OO
14 2,836 (11.83%) Computer Science
15 2,680 (11.18%) BDD
16 2,379 (9.93%) Analytics
17 2,371 (9.89%) SDLC
18 2,056 (8.58%) Coaching
19 2,016 (8.41%) OOP
20 1,885 (7.87%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 9,607 (40.09%) Python
2 8,458 (35.29%) JavaScript
3 5,774 (24.09%) SQL
4 4,718 (19.69%) C#
5 2,584 (10.78%) Kotlin
6 2,463 (10.28%) C++
7 2,430 (10.14%) Go
8 2,348 (9.80%) TypeScript
9 2,016 (8.41%) Scala
10 1,503 (6.27%) Ruby
11 1,227 (5.12%) C
12 1,028 (4.29%) Bash
13 1,022 (4.26%) PHP
14 805 (3.36%) PowerShell
15 720 (3.00%) Shell Script
16 582 (2.43%) Perl
17 535 (2.23%) Groovy
18 487 (2.03%) Objective-C
19 377 (1.57%) ES6
20 320 (1.34%) Rust
Qualifications
1 3,239 (13.52%) Degree
2 1,492 (6.23%) Computer Science Degree
3 1,170 (4.88%) Security Cleared
4 765 (3.19%) SC Cleared
5 572 (2.39%) Oracle Certification
6 566 (2.36%) OCP
7 542 (2.26%) OCA
8 541 (2.26%) CIW
9 330 (1.38%) Master's Degree
10 260 (1.08%) ISTQB
11 209 (0.87%) PhD
12 169 (0.71%) PMI Certification
13 130 (0.54%) ISEB
14 125 (0.52%) AWS Certification
15 121 (0.50%) DV Cleared
16 110 (0.46%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 97 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
18 83 (0.35%) CISSP
19 61 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
20 58 (0.24%) (ISC)2 CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,487 (10.38%) QA
2 471 (1.97%) Accessibility
3 230 (0.96%) Data Quality
4 116 (0.48%) GDPR
5 96 (0.40%) SLA
6 80 (0.33%) PCI DSS
7 42 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 32 (0.13%) MiFID
9 30 (0.13%) PMO
10 28 (0.12%) SOC 2
11 27 (0.11%) EMIR
12 20 (0.083%) HL7
13 19 (0.079%) MISRA
14 18 (0.075%) HIPAA
15 17 (0.071%) NIST
16 16 (0.067%) ISO 13485
17 12 (0.050%) IEC 62304
18 11 (0.046%) NCSC
18 11 (0.046%) SEPA
19 10 (0.042%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 6,671 (27.84%) Docker
2 254 (1.06%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 193 (0.81%) VMware Infrastructure
4 189 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
5 92 (0.38%) Active Directory
6 87 (0.36%) Apache Flume
7 63 (0.26%) HDFS
8 62 (0.26%) Firmware
9 54 (0.23%) Hyper-V
10 27 (0.11%) KVM
11 17 (0.071%) Xen
12 16 (0.067%) Kamailio
12 16 (0.067%) OpenSIPS
13 15 (0.063%) Virtual Servers
14 12 (0.050%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 12 (0.050%) LXC
15 11 (0.046%) Postfix
16 10 (0.042%) ISA Server
17 9 (0.038%) GridGain
18 8 (0.033%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 6,582 (27.47%) Kubernetes
2 2,552 (10.65%) Terraform
3 1,509 (6.30%) Ansible
4 746 (3.11%) Puppet
5 597 (2.49%) Opscode Chef
6 520 (2.17%) Prometheus
7 420 (1.75%) Grafana
8 200 (0.83%) Kibana
9 185 (0.77%) Docker Swarm
9 185 (0.77%) Istio
10 117 (0.49%) Consul
11 106 (0.44%) Oozie
12 101 (0.42%) Automic
13 81 (0.34%) logstash
14 74 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
15 71 (0.30%) Packer
16 70 (0.29%) Rancher
17 55 (0.23%) HP Quality Center
18 52 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
19 43 (0.18%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 2,345 (9.79%) Google
2 2,103 (8.78%) Oracle
3 2,016 (8.41%) Microsoft
4 390 (1.63%) Twitter
5 353 (1.47%) Databricks
6 342 (1.43%) Splunk
7 334 (1.39%) Salesforce.com
8 262 (1.09%) VMware
9 241 (1.01%) IBM
10 229 (0.96%) Atlassian
11 227 (0.95%) SAP
12 223 (0.93%) Red Hat
13 157 (0.66%) New Relic
14 154 (0.64%) Snapchat
15 145 (0.61%) LexisNexis
16 130 (0.54%) AppDynamics
17 114 (0.48%) Facebook
18 112 (0.47%) MuleSoft
19 105 (0.44%) Sybase
20 104 (0.43%) Confluent