Period
to 16 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 16 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 10 8
Rank change year-on-year -2 -2 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 8,948 17,772 23,751
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.37% 14.09% 15.72%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.74% 26.03% 28.60%
Number of salaries quoted 8,865 15,529 20,291
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +9.09%
10th Percentile £41,250 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £105,000 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 36,172 68,263 83,033
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 58.10% 54.12% 54.96%
Number of salaries quoted 30,562 56,808 69,482
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 16 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 8,099 £65,000 - 1,693
London -2 4,513 £75,000 - 845
UK excluding London 0 4,097 £55,000 +10.00% 979
Work from Home -3 1,563 £62,500 -3.85% 340
South East -1 1,181 £60,000 +14.29% 222
North of England -4 958 £52,500 +5.00% 292
South West +3 680 £50,000 - 100
Yorkshire +4 491 £52,500 +5.00% 89
Scotland +1 460 £52,500 +5.00% 86
Midlands -5 396 £52,500 +5.00% 116
North West -15 340 £55,000 +4.76% 164
West Midlands +11 261 £52,500 +10.53% 77
East of England -1 257 £55,000 - 98
East Midlands -13 133 £52,500 - 38
North East +14 126 £50,000 +17.65% 39
Northern Ireland +2 87 £50,000 +11.11% 31
Wales -8 84 £50,000 +17.65% 35

For the 6 months to 16 January 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 4,286 (47.90%) Agile Software Development
2 3,054 (34.13%) Python
3 2,839 (31.73%) JavaScript
4 2,671 (29.85%) AWS
5 2,313 (25.85%) SQL
6 2,193 (24.51%) Software Engineering
7 2,056 (22.98%) DevOps
8 1,984 (22.17%) Spring
9 1,972 (22.04%) Microservices
10 1,936 (21.64%) Finance
11 1,880 (21.01%) Docker
12 1,634 (18.26%) TDD
13 1,594 (17.81%) C#
14 1,542 (17.23%) Kubernetes
15 1,464 (16.36%) Azure
16 1,408 (15.74%) Test Automation
17 1,394 (15.58%) Scrum
18 1,188 (13.28%) Jenkins
19 1,177 (13.15%) AngularJS
20 1,122 (12.54%) React
21 1,110 (12.41%) Linux
22 1,085 (12.13%) Spring Boot
23 1,061 (11.86%) Git (software)
24 1,054 (11.78%) Web Services
25 980 (10.95%) Node.js
26 965 (10.78%) Degree
27 958 (10.71%) C++
28 936 (10.46%) GCP
29 909 (10.16%) BDD
30 908 (10.15%) Continuous Integration

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 377 (4.21%) Elasticsearch
2 356 (3.98%) Apache Spark
3 314 (3.51%) Apache
4 299 (3.34%) Confluence
5 178 (1.99%) Tomcat
6 117 (1.31%) WebSphere
7 100 (1.12%) JBoss
8 73 (0.82%) CMS
9 71 (0.79%) SAS
10 64 (0.72%) Cloud Foundry
11 62 (0.69%) nginx
12 61 (0.68%) WebLogic
13 51 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 43 (0.48%) Red Hat Fuse
15 42 (0.47%) Mule
16 30 (0.34%) Apache Solr
17 28 (0.31%) Apache Airflow
17 28 (0.31%) IIS
18 25 (0.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 20 (0.22%) OpenStack
Applications
1 35 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
2 34 (0.38%) Sketch
3 29 (0.32%) Adobe XD
4 22 (0.25%) Figma
5 19 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
6 14 (0.16%) InVision
7 13 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
8 12 (0.13%) MS Visio
9 10 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 6 (0.067%) Chatbot
11 5 (0.056%) Zeplin
12 4 (0.045%) SPSS
13 3 (0.034%) Adobe Illustrator
13 3 (0.034%) Maya
13 3 (0.034%) Photoshop
13 3 (0.034%) Simulink
14 2 (0.022%) Blender
14 2 (0.022%) Microsoft Project
15 1 (0.011%) Adobe Creative Suite
15 1 (0.011%) Quicktime
Business Applications
1 31 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
2 20 (0.22%) Oracle BPM
3 19 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
4 17 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
5 14 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
6 10 (0.11%) R3 Corda
7 8 (0.089%) Oracle EBS
7 8 (0.089%) SAP CRM
7 8 (0.089%) SAP GTS
7 8 (0.089%) Sentinel
8 7 (0.078%) Distributed Ledger
8 7 (0.078%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 7 (0.078%) Oracle ERP
8 7 (0.078%) Shopify
9 6 (0.067%) Magento
9 6 (0.067%) Oracle Applications
10 5 (0.056%) FINCAD Analytics
10 5 (0.056%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 4 (0.045%) NetSuite
11 4 (0.045%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 2,671 (29.85%) AWS
2 1,464 (16.36%) Azure
3 936 (10.46%) GCP
4 475 (5.31%) SaaS
5 390 (4.36%) Serverless
6 268 (3.00%) AWS Lambda
7 226 (2.53%) Amazon EC2
8 204 (2.28%) GitHub
9 187 (2.09%) PaaS
10 167 (1.87%) Amazon S3
11 161 (1.80%) AWS CloudFormation
12 136 (1.52%) IaaS
13 117 (1.31%) Amazon ECS
14 112 (1.25%) OpenShift
15 111 (1.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 100 (1.12%) Cloud Computing
17 86 (0.96%) Apigee
18 83 (0.93%) Power Platform
19 75 (0.84%) Datadog
20 71 (0.79%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 152 (1.70%) HTTP
2 84 (0.94%) TCP/IP
3 73 (0.82%) Internet
4 63 (0.70%) DNS
5 62 (0.69%) Firewall
6 33 (0.37%) HTTPS
7 31 (0.35%) Wireless
8 22 (0.25%) FTP
9 20 (0.22%) VPN
10 19 (0.21%) Bluetooth
10 19 (0.21%) SMTP
10 19 (0.21%) SSL
11 17 (0.19%) SSH
12 16 (0.18%) AMQP
13 13 (0.15%) IMAP
14 11 (0.12%) Broadband
14 11 (0.12%) Network Security
15 10 (0.11%) DHCP
16 9 (0.10%) Software-Defined Radio
17 8 (0.089%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 779 (8.71%) NoSQL
2 696 (7.78%) PostgreSQL
3 644 (7.20%) Big Data
4 557 (6.22%) MySQL
5 505 (5.64%) SQL Server
6 470 (5.25%) MongoDB
7 419 (4.68%) Relational Database
8 373 (4.17%) Hadoop
9 190 (2.12%) Redis
10 182 (2.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 181 (2.02%) Apache Cassandra
12 153 (1.71%) Data Warehouse
13 123 (1.37%) Apache Hive
14 121 (1.35%) Amazon Redshift
14 121 (1.35%) Blockchain
15 82 (0.92%) Oracle Database
16 80 (0.89%) Power BI
17 78 (0.87%) RDBMS
18 73 (0.82%) DB2
19 72 (0.80%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 1,188 (13.28%) Jenkins
2 1,061 (11.86%) Git (software)
3 734 (8.20%) Selenium
4 659 (7.36%) JIRA
5 505 (5.64%) Cucumber
6 462 (5.16%) Maven
7 412 (4.60%) JUnit
8 227 (2.54%) WebDriver
9 211 (2.36%) Gradle
10 204 (2.28%) GitLab
11 192 (2.15%) Subversion
12 176 (1.97%) Appium
13 156 (1.74%) Mockito
14 152 (1.70%) JMeter
15 118 (1.32%) IntelliJ
16 114 (1.27%) Bitbucket
17 111 (1.24%) Artifactory
17 111 (1.24%) Eclipse
18 110 (1.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 108 (1.21%) Mercurial
General
1 1,936 (21.64%) Finance
2 767 (8.57%) Banking
3 479 (5.35%) Front Office
4 367 (4.10%) Public Sector
5 210 (2.35%) Games
5 210 (2.35%) Retail
6 192 (2.15%) Investment Banking
7 172 (1.92%) Marketing
8 150 (1.68%) Telecoms
9 119 (1.33%) Law
10 91 (1.02%) Manufacturing
11 89 (0.99%) Electronics
12 82 (0.92%) Advertising
13 74 (0.83%) Back Office
14 46 (0.51%) Publishing
15 39 (0.44%) Legal
15 39 (0.44%) Multimedia
16 38 (0.42%) Financial Institution
17 35 (0.39%) Billing
18 29 (0.32%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 4,429 (49.50%) Developer
2 2,382 (26.62%) Java Developer
3 1,238 (13.84%) Software Engineer
4 980 (10.95%) Senior Developer
5 769 (8.59%) Java Engineer
6 599 (6.69%) Senior Java Developer
7 506 (5.65%) Architect
8 430 (4.81%) Software Developer
9 419 (4.68%) Full Stack Developer
10 396 (4.43%) Lead Developer
11 390 (4.36%) DevOps Engineer
11 390 (4.36%) Java Software Engineer
12 332 (3.71%) Python Developer
13 297 (3.32%) Python Engineer
14 273 (3.05%) Senior Software Engineer
15 262 (2.93%) Developer/Software Engineer
16 253 (2.83%) Data Engineer
17 247 (2.76%) Tester
18 237 (2.65%) JavaScript Developer
19 232 (2.59%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,984 (22.17%) Spring
2 1,177 (13.15%) AngularJS
3 1,122 (12.54%) React
4 1,085 (12.13%) Spring Boot
5 1,054 (11.78%) Web Services
6 980 (10.95%) Node.js
7 904 (10.10%) HTML
8 864 (9.66%) Kafka
9 810 (9.05%) .NET
10 800 (8.94%) CSS
11 743 (8.30%) REST
12 736 (8.23%) RESTful
13 480 (5.36%) Hibernate
14 428 (4.78%) Vue.js
15 325 (3.63%) JSON
16 318 (3.55%) HTML5
17 299 (3.34%) J2EE
18 295 (3.30%) SOAP
19 289 (3.23%) XML
20 276 (3.08%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 519 (5.80%) Greenfield Project
2 493 (5.51%) Analytical Skills
3 452 (5.05%) Fixed Income
4 421 (4.70%) Algorithms
5 399 (4.46%) Mobile App
6 353 (3.95%) Derivative
7 342 (3.82%) Hedge funds
8 341 (3.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 315 (3.52%) Data Structures
10 299 (3.34%) Equities
11 267 (2.98%) User Experience
12 233 (2.60%) Enterprise Software
13 211 (2.36%) Self-Motivation
14 185 (2.07%) Cloud Native
15 112 (1.25%) Virtual Team
16 109 (1.22%) Management Information System
17 92 (1.03%) Public Cloud
18 75 (0.84%) NHS
19 69 (0.77%) Credit Derivative
20 59 (0.66%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1,110 (12.41%) Linux
2 547 (6.11%) Android
3 403 (4.50%) Windows
4 381 (4.26%) Unix
5 298 (3.33%) Apple iOS
6 93 (1.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 78 (0.87%) CentOS
8 39 (0.44%) Windows Server
9 28 (0.31%) Ubuntu
10 16 (0.18%) CoreOS
10 16 (0.18%) zOS
11 12 (0.13%) VMS
12 11 (0.12%) Mac OS X
12 11 (0.12%) Solaris
13 10 (0.11%) Mac OS
14 7 (0.078%) Embedded Linux
15 6 (0.067%) AIX
15 6 (0.067%) Mesosphere
16 5 (0.056%) Debian
16 5 (0.056%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,286 (47.90%) Agile Software Development
2 2,193 (24.51%) Software Engineering
3 2,056 (22.98%) DevOps
4 1,972 (22.04%) Microservices
5 1,634 (18.26%) TDD
6 1,408 (15.74%) Test Automation
7 1,394 (15.58%) Scrum
8 909 (10.16%) BDD
9 908 (10.15%) Continuous Integration
10 854 (9.54%) OO
11 755 (8.44%) Fintech
12 743 (8.30%) Computer Science
13 668 (7.47%) Problem-Solving
14 651 (7.28%) Analytics
15 650 (7.26%) Mentoring
16 604 (6.75%) SDLC
17 556 (6.21%) Open Source
18 486 (5.43%) Machine Learning
19 419 (4.68%) Multithreading
20 412 (4.60%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 3,054 (34.13%) Python
2 2,839 (31.73%) JavaScript
3 2,313 (25.85%) SQL
4 1,594 (17.81%) C#
5 958 (10.71%) C++
6 772 (8.63%) Java 8
7 713 (7.97%) Kotlin
8 652 (7.29%) Go
9 628 (7.02%) Scala
10 579 (6.47%) TypeScript
11 431 (4.82%) Ruby
12 406 (4.54%) C
13 349 (3.90%) PHP
14 285 (3.19%) Bash Shell
15 203 (2.27%) PowerShell
16 191 (2.13%) R
17 183 (2.05%) Perl
18 159 (1.78%) Shell Script
19 143 (1.60%) Apple Swift
20 128 (1.43%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 965 (10.78%) Degree
2 563 (6.29%) Security Cleared
3 433 (4.84%) SC Cleared
4 290 (3.24%) Computer Science Degree
5 125 (1.40%) DV Cleared
6 115 (1.29%) ISTQB
7 98 (1.10%) Numerate Degree
8 77 (0.86%) ISEB
9 73 (0.82%) PhD
10 54 (0.60%) Master's Degree
11 35 (0.39%) Sun Certification
12 31 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
13 24 (0.27%) CISSP
14 22 (0.25%) CISM
15 21 (0.23%) CSSLP
15 21 (0.23%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 16 (0.18%) CFA
16 16 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
17 15 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
18 14 (0.16%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 605 (6.76%) QA
2 60 (0.67%) NIST
3 40 (0.45%) Data Quality
4 38 (0.42%) GDPR
4 38 (0.42%) SLA
5 37 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 17 (0.19%) MiFID
7 14 (0.16%) WCAG
8 12 (0.13%) EMIR
9 11 (0.12%) NCSC
9 11 (0.12%) PCI DSS
10 10 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
11 9 (0.10%) PMO
12 8 (0.089%) COBIT
12 8 (0.089%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 8 (0.089%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 7 (0.078%) ISO 9001
14 6 (0.067%) ISO 13485
15 4 (0.045%) Good Clinical Practice
16 3 (0.034%) TARGET2
System Software
1 1,880 (21.01%) Docker
2 88 (0.98%) Active Directory
3 70 (0.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 55 (0.61%) HDFS
5 25 (0.28%) Firmware
6 20 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 19 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
8 17 (0.19%) Hyper-V
9 15 (0.17%) BitLocker
10 13 (0.15%) Postfix
11 9 (0.10%) XenApp
12 7 (0.078%) vSphere
13 6 (0.067%) NDS
13 6 (0.067%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 4 (0.045%) LXC
14 4 (0.045%) NFS
14 4 (0.045%) VirtualBox
15 3 (0.034%) Apache Flume
15 3 (0.034%) GPFS
15 3 (0.034%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,542 (17.23%) Kubernetes
2 756 (8.45%) Terraform
3 649 (7.25%) Ansible
4 307 (3.43%) Puppet
5 254 (2.84%) Opscode Chef
6 143 (1.60%) Grafana
7 107 (1.20%) Prometheus
8 59 (0.66%) ZABBIX
9 43 (0.48%) Istio
10 35 (0.39%) Packer
11 32 (0.36%) Graphite
12 31 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
13 30 (0.34%) Kibana
14 28 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
14 28 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
15 27 (0.30%) Nagios
16 24 (0.27%) Consul
16 24 (0.27%) Fortio
16 24 (0.27%) Kiali
17 19 (0.21%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 602 (6.73%) Oracle
2 517 (5.78%) Google
3 384 (4.29%) Microsoft
4 213 (2.38%) IBM
5 142 (1.59%) SAP
6 140 (1.56%) Red Hat
7 131 (1.46%) Splunk
8 127 (1.42%) MuleSoft
9 116 (1.30%) Salesforce.com
10 105 (1.17%) Atlassian
11 99 (1.11%) ServiceNow
12 89 (0.99%) VMware
13 85 (0.95%) Adobe
14 83 (0.93%) Talend
15 80 (0.89%) New Relic
16 60 (0.67%) Apple
17 59 (0.66%) TIBCO
18 58 (0.65%) Informatica
19 56 (0.63%) Cloudera
20 53 (0.59%) Dell