Period
to 25 September 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 25 September 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 8 13 13
Rank change year-on-year +5 0 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 28271 26823 30934
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.05% 14.01% 14.04%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.96% 26.60% 27.26%
Number of salaries quoted 21452 22685 26317
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,000 £46,500 £44,000
% change year-on-year +1.08% +5.68% +3.53%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 97629 100837 113498
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.42% 52.68% 51.50%
Number of salaries quoted 80078 87077 97055
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +4.94% +1.25% +1.27%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 25 September 2017.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 26486 £55,000 - 1345
London 0 14008 £65,000 +4.00% 666
UK excluding London +1 13921 £47,000 +1.08% 740
South East +2 3928 £50,000 - 188
North of England +1 3230 £47,500 +5.56% 210
East of England 0 1833 £47,000 -1.05% 117
South West +1 1776 £42,500 -5.56% 78
Midlands +5 1688 £42,500 - 85
North West +1 1621 £47,500 +5.56% 129
Yorkshire +1 1463 £50,000 +11.11% 66
Scotland -1 1143 £47,500 +4.40% 46
West Midlands +2 1007 £40,591 -4.49% 51
East Midlands +3 688 £45,000 +5.88% 34
Wales 0 240 £42,250 +5.63% 12
North East +2 141 £37,500 -1.32% 15
Northern Ireland +7 138 £37,500 -14.29% 4
Isle of Man - 12 £40,000 -

For the 6 months to 25 September 2017, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 14063 (49.74%) Agile Software Development
2 8107 (28.68%) Finance
3 7766 (27.47%) JavaScript
4 7738 (27.37%) SQL
5 6217 (21.99%) Spring
6 6138 (21.71%) Python
7 5836 (20.64%) Software Engineering
8 5714 (20.21%) TDD
9 5628 (19.91%) Linux
10 5467 (19.34%) HTML
11 4954 (17.52%) C#
12 4840 (17.12%) Degree
13 4630 (16.38%) Scrum
14 4608 (16.30%) Test Automation
15 4451 (15.74%) Banking
16 4421 (15.64%) Oracle
17 4370 (15.46%) OO
18 4255 (15.05%) C++
19 4113 (14.55%) CSS
20 4086 (14.45%) Web Services
21 3975 (14.06%) Continuous Integration
22 3709 (13.12%) .NET
23 3693 (13.06%) Git (software)
24 3603 (12.74%) Computer Science
25 3570 (12.63%) Amazon AWS
26 3504 (12.39%) BDD
27 3494 (12.36%) Retail
28 3339 (11.81%) Hibernate
29 3230 (11.43%) AngularJS
30 3178 (11.24%) DevOps

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2109 (7.46%) Tomcat
2 1331 (4.71%) Apache
3 1320 (4.67%) Apache Spark
4 1176 (4.16%) JBoss
5 872 (3.08%) WebSphere
6 869 (3.07%) Elasticsearch
7 698 (2.47%) Confluence
8 612 (2.16%) WebLogic
9 431 (1.52%) CMS
10 394 (1.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 376 (1.33%) Apache Solr
12 253 (0.89%) nginx
13 251 (0.89%) IIS
14 247 (0.87%) OpenStack
15 226 (0.80%) Jetty
16 221 (0.78%) SAS
17 205 (0.73%) Mule
18 177 (0.63%) Mule ESB
18 177 (0.63%) SharePoint
19 132 (0.47%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 209 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 186 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
3 81 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 70 (0.25%) Photoshop
5 36 (0.13%) SPSS
6 33 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
6 33 (0.12%) MS Visio
7 23 (0.081%) Microsoft Project
8 18 (0.064%) Spreadsheet
9 14 (0.050%) Simulink
10 12 (0.042%) Acrobat
10 12 (0.042%) PaintShop Pro
11 8 (0.028%) InfoPath
11 8 (0.028%) SOLIDWORKS
12 7 (0.025%) HipChat
12 7 (0.025%) InDesign
13 6 (0.021%) EngageOne
14 5 (0.018%) FrameMaker
14 5 (0.018%) InVision
15 4 (0.014%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 117 (0.41%) SAP Hybris
2 91 (0.32%) Magento
3 83 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
4 78 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
5 68 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
6 46 (0.16%) Maximo
7 40 (0.14%) Aligne
8 38 (0.13%) SAP ERP
9 37 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
10 35 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
11 34 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
12 32 (0.11%) NetSuite
13 29 (0.10%) Oracle Cash Management
14 26 (0.092%) RMDS
15 25 (0.088%) Salesforce.com CRM
16 24 (0.085%) Oracle Applications
17 23 (0.081%) BusinessWorks
17 23 (0.081%) Oracle Receivables
18 22 (0.078%) Markit EDM
19 20 (0.071%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 3570 (12.63%) Amazon AWS
2 1320 (4.67%) Microsoft Azure
3 1092 (3.86%) SaaS
4 632 (2.24%) GitHub
5 421 (1.49%) Google Cloud Platform
6 376 (1.33%) PaaS
7 369 (1.31%) Cloud Computing
8 305 (1.08%) Amazon EC2
9 279 (0.99%) IaaS
10 149 (0.53%) AWS CloudFormation
11 137 (0.48%) Amazon S3
12 128 (0.45%) npm
13 105 (0.37%) Google Play
14 100 (0.35%) Office 365
15 98 (0.35%) OpenShift
16 97 (0.34%) Amazon SQS
17 86 (0.30%) Amazon EMR
18 58 (0.21%) Force.com
19 53 (0.19%) AWS Lambda
20 51 (0.18%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 779 (2.76%) HTTP
2 688 (2.43%) Internet
3 402 (1.42%) TCP/IP
4 398 (1.41%) Firewall
5 210 (0.74%) DNS
6 165 (0.58%) LDAP
7 148 (0.52%) SSL
8 126 (0.45%) VPN
9 104 (0.37%) Network Security
10 98 (0.35%) Wireless
11 97 (0.34%) AMQP
12 95 (0.34%) WAN
13 87 (0.31%) FTP
14 83 (0.29%) Ethernet
15 75 (0.27%) LAN
16 72 (0.25%) SAN
17 67 (0.24%) DHCP
18 66 (0.23%) SSH
19 59 (0.21%) VoIP
20 58 (0.21%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2675 (9.46%) NoSQL
2 2567 (9.08%) SQL Server
3 2393 (8.46%) MySQL
4 2370 (8.38%) Big Data
5 2181 (7.71%) Relational Database
6 1725 (6.10%) Hadoop
7 1683 (5.95%) MongoDB
8 1186 (4.20%) Apache Cassandra
9 921 (3.26%) PostgreSQL
10 895 (3.17%) RDBMS
11 615 (2.18%) Oracle Database
12 545 (1.93%) Redis
13 521 (1.84%) Data Warehouse
14 364 (1.29%) HBase
15 348 (1.23%) Apache Hive
16 272 (0.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 258 (0.91%) Neo4j
18 257 (0.91%) Blockchain
19 241 (0.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 229 (0.81%) DB2
Development Applications
1 3693 (13.06%) Git (software)
2 3155 (11.16%) Jenkins
3 2558 (9.05%) Maven
4 2515 (8.90%) Selenium
5 2279 (8.06%) JUnit
6 2197 (7.77%) JIRA
7 1709 (6.05%) Cucumber
8 1386 (4.90%) Subversion
9 938 (3.32%) WebDriver
10 789 (2.79%) Gradle
11 764 (2.70%) Eclipse
12 604 (2.14%) TeamCity
13 557 (1.97%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 514 (1.82%) Mockito
15 472 (1.67%) Ant
16 470 (1.66%) JMeter
17 357 (1.26%) SoapUI
18 326 (1.15%) IntelliJ
19 309 (1.09%) Bitbucket
20 292 (1.03%) Visual Studio
General
1 8107 (28.68%) Finance
2 4451 (15.74%) Banking
3 3494 (12.36%) Retail
4 2833 (10.02%) Investment Banking
5 2244 (7.94%) Retail Banking
6 1290 (4.56%) Front Office
7 1142 (4.04%) Marketing
8 1027 (3.63%) Telecoms
9 728 (2.58%) Electronics
10 716 (2.53%) Games
11 668 (2.36%) Advertising
12 642 (2.27%) Manufacturing
13 406 (1.44%) Financial Institution
14 299 (1.06%) Publishing
15 257 (0.91%) Legal
16 241 (0.85%) Back Office
17 152 (0.54%) Automotive
18 135 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
19 131 (0.46%) Law
20 78 (0.28%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 14901 (52.71%) Developer
2 9362 (33.12%) Java Developer
3 3260 (11.53%) Senior Developer
4 2846 (10.07%) Software Engineer
5 2423 (8.57%) Senior Java Developer
6 1880 (6.65%) Java Engineer
7 1783 (6.31%) Architect
8 1752 (6.20%) Software Developer
9 1227 (4.34%) Analyst
10 1162 (4.11%) Graduate
11 1062 (3.76%) Java Software Engineer
12 922 (3.26%) Junior
13 884 (3.13%) Java Software Developer
14 847 (3.00%) Lead Developer
15 838 (2.96%) JavaScript Developer
16 822 (2.91%) Tester
17 817 (2.89%) DevOps Engineer
18 792 (2.80%) Graduate Developer
19 691 (2.44%) Consultant
20 687 (2.43%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6217 (21.99%) Spring
2 5467 (19.34%) HTML
3 4113 (14.55%) CSS
4 4086 (14.45%) Web Services
5 3709 (13.12%) .NET
6 3339 (11.81%) Hibernate
7 3230 (11.43%) AngularJS
8 3152 (11.15%) REST
9 3042 (10.76%) XML
10 2501 (8.85%) J2EE
11 2488 (8.80%) RESTful
12 2032 (7.19%) SOAP
13 2006 (7.10%) HTML5
14 1987 (7.03%) Node.js
15 1752 (6.20%) JSON
16 1469 (5.20%) jQuery
17 1399 (4.95%) Java EE
18 1371 (4.85%) React
19 988 (3.49%) Spring Boot
20 921 (3.26%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 3603 (12.74%) Computer Science
2 2350 (8.31%) Analytical Skills
3 1546 (5.47%) Greenfield Project
4 1208 (4.27%) Fintech
5 1194 (4.22%) Enterprise Software
6 1167 (4.13%) Algorithms
7 1153 (4.08%) User Experience
8 1100 (3.89%) Mobile App
9 897 (3.17%) Derivative
10 829 (2.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 697 (2.47%) Data Structures
12 546 (1.93%) Equities
13 382 (1.35%) Linux Command Line
14 369 (1.31%) Fixed Income
15 351 (1.24%) Management Information System
16 341 (1.21%) Equity Derivative
17 287 (1.02%) Client/Server
18 230 (0.81%) iPad
19 219 (0.77%) Hedge funds
20 204 (0.72%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 5628 (19.91%) Linux
2 2816 (9.96%) Unix
3 2405 (8.51%) Windows
4 1752 (6.20%) Android
5 1082 (3.83%) Apple iOS
6 361 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 302 (1.07%) Windows Server
8 268 (0.95%) CentOS
9 234 (0.83%) Solaris
10 165 (0.58%) Ubuntu
11 110 (0.39%) Debian
12 100 (0.35%) Mac OS
13 94 (0.33%) Mac OS X
14 78 (0.28%) AIX
15 69 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
16 62 (0.22%) Embedded Linux
17 60 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
18 50 (0.18%) Windows 7
19 37 (0.13%) Windows 10
20 36 (0.13%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 14063 (49.74%) Agile Software Development
2 5836 (20.64%) Software Engineering
3 5714 (20.21%) TDD
4 4630 (16.38%) Scrum
5 4608 (16.30%) Test Automation
6 4370 (15.46%) OO
7 3975 (14.06%) Continuous Integration
8 3504 (12.39%) BDD
9 3178 (11.24%) DevOps
10 3153 (11.15%) SDLC
11 2453 (8.68%) Microservices
12 2396 (8.48%) Asset Management
13 2350 (8.31%) Wealth Management
14 2271 (8.03%) Open Source
15 2204 (7.80%) Multithreading
16 2183 (7.72%) MVC
17 1906 (6.74%) E-Commerce
18 1854 (6.56%) Mentoring
19 1689 (5.97%) Unit Testing
20 1612 (5.70%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 7766 (27.47%) JavaScript
2 7738 (27.37%) SQL
3 6138 (21.71%) Python
4 4954 (17.52%) C#
5 4255 (15.05%) C++
6 2131 (7.54%) Scala
7 2016 (7.13%) PHP
8 1988 (7.03%) Ruby
9 1701 (6.02%) C
10 1230 (4.35%) Perl
11 1117 (3.95%) Shell Script
12 1106 (3.91%) PL/SQL
13 899 (3.18%) Bash Shell
14 775 (2.74%) Groovy
15 674 (2.38%) Go
16 560 (1.98%) R
17 524 (1.85%) Objective-C
18 472 (1.67%) PowerShell
19 379 (1.34%) T-SQL
20 305 (1.08%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 4840 (17.12%) Degree
2 1747 (6.18%) Computer Science Degree
3 935 (3.31%) Security Cleared
4 434 (1.54%) PhD
5 414 (1.46%) SC Cleared
6 398 (1.41%) ISTQB
7 314 (1.11%) ISEB
8 237 (0.84%) DV Cleared
9 232 (0.82%) Master's Degree
10 223 (0.79%) Numerate Degree
11 132 (0.47%) CISSP
12 104 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 79 (0.28%) PMI Certification
14 72 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
15 68 (0.24%) CREST Certified
16 66 (0.23%) Sun Certification
17 50 (0.18%) PMP
18 47 (0.17%) CISM
19 46 (0.16%) SANS
20 45 (0.16%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2499 (8.84%) QA
2 183 (0.65%) SLA
3 83 (0.29%) Data Quality
4 70 (0.25%) PCI DSS
5 65 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 55 (0.19%) MiFID
7 47 (0.17%) GCP
8 43 (0.15%) ISO 9001
9 35 (0.12%) SEPA
10 28 (0.099%) PMO
11 18 (0.064%) EMIR
12 17 (0.060%) GDPR
12 17 (0.060%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 16 (0.057%) COBIT
14 15 (0.053%) Dodd-Frank
14 15 (0.053%) ISO 14001
15 12 (0.042%) RosettaNet
16 11 (0.039%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
17 10 (0.035%) IFRS
17 10 (0.035%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 1906 (6.74%) Docker
2 268 (0.95%) VMware Infrastructure
3 208 (0.74%) Active Directory
4 172 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
5 151 (0.53%) HDFS
6 110 (0.39%) Apache Flume
7 70 (0.25%) Hyper-V
8 63 (0.22%) vSphere
9 53 (0.19%) Firmware
10 52 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 40 (0.14%) Snort
12 31 (0.11%) KVM
13 30 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
14 26 (0.092%) Xen
15 22 (0.078%) VirtualBox
16 20 (0.071%) Varnish
17 19 (0.067%) Oracle RAC
17 19 (0.067%) Virtual Servers
18 18 (0.064%) XenServer
19 15 (0.053%) NFS
Systems Management
1 1239 (4.38%) Puppet
2 1084 (3.83%) Ansible
3 980 (3.47%) Opscode Chef
4 510 (1.80%) Kubernetes
5 259 (0.92%) Terraform
6 214 (0.76%) Nagios
7 149 (0.53%) Kibana
8 118 (0.42%) Salt
9 114 (0.40%) Mesos
10 98 (0.35%) HP Quality Center
11 97 (0.34%) Grafana
12 91 (0.32%) logstash
13 63 (0.22%) Packer
14 51 (0.18%) ZABBIX
15 50 (0.18%) Prometheus
16 48 (0.17%) Oozie
17 45 (0.16%) Tivoli
18 44 (0.16%) PowerBroker
19 41 (0.15%) HAProxy
20 38 (0.13%) Icinga
Vendors
1 4421 (15.64%) Oracle
2 1520 (5.38%) Microsoft
3 986 (3.49%) SAP
4 874 (3.09%) Google
5 688 (2.43%) IBM
6 508 (1.80%) Red Hat
7 505 (1.79%) Sybase
8 383 (1.35%) VMware
9 380 (1.34%) TIBCO
10 361 (1.28%) hybris
11 313 (1.11%) Splunk
12 252 (0.89%) Salesforce.com
13 193 (0.68%) Tableau
14 192 (0.68%) Apple
15 176 (0.62%) Adobe
16 175 (0.62%) HP
17 158 (0.56%) Informatica
18 157 (0.56%) Cognizant
19 153 (0.54%) Atlassian
20 147 (0.52%) AppDynamics