Period
to 24 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 24 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
24 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 9 9 13
Rank change year-on-year 0 +4 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 27,186 26,800 28,164
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.64% 15.48% 13.98%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.88% 28.02% 26.81%
Number of salaries quoted 21,633 21,861 24,031
UK median annual salary £55,000 £53,750 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.33% +2.38% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +3.45%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 97,501 95,648 105,066
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 56.09% 55.26% 52.16%
Number of salaries quoted 81,144 80,730 90,761
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £28,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,133 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.81% +5.33% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 24 June 2018.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 24 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 25,370 £55,000 - 3,626
UK excluding London +3 14,110 £50,000 +11.11% 2,180
London 0 12,731 £67,500 +3.85% 1,706
South East +2 4,176 £52,500 +10.53% 576
North of England +2 3,405 £47,500 - 581
North West +4 1,794 £47,500 - 340
East of England -2 1,743 £50,000 +11.11% 279
Midlands +2 1,669 £47,500 +11.76% 235
South West -6 1,612 £47,500 +11.76% 248
Yorkshire +1 1,326 £45,000 -5.26% 214
Scotland 0 1,184 £50,000 +5.26% 176
West Midlands +3 942 £47,500 +11.76% 148
East Midlands +1 724 £47,500 +11.76% 87
North East +5 285 £45,000 +20.00% 27
Wales +5 266 £40,000 -5.88% 46
Northern Ireland -2 91 £40,000 -15.79% 39
Channel Islands - 4 £70,000 -

For the 6 months to 24 June 2018, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 13,531 (49.77%) Agile Software Development
2 8,328 (30.63%) JavaScript
3 7,569 (27.84%) SQL
4 6,700 (24.65%) Python
5 6,647 (24.45%) Finance
6 6,352 (23.36%) Software Engineering
7 6,299 (23.17%) Spring
8 5,908 (21.73%) TDD
9 5,384 (19.80%) C#
10 5,187 (19.08%) HTML
11 4,818 (17.72%) Linux
12 4,743 (17.45%) Degree
13 4,618 (16.99%) Test Automation
14 4,567 (16.80%) Amazon AWS
15 4,503 (16.56%) Scrum
16 4,266 (15.69%) Web Services
17 4,024 (14.80%) DevOps
18 3,998 (14.71%) CSS
19 3,836 (14.11%) Continuous Integration
20 3,810 (14.01%) AngularJS
21 3,761 (13.83%) C++
22 3,682 (13.54%) Microservices
23 3,651 (13.43%) OO
24 3,605 (13.26%) Oracle
25 3,564 (13.11%) Git (software)
26 3,506 (12.90%) .NET
27 3,349 (12.32%) Jenkins
28 3,265 (12.01%) Computer Science
29 3,253 (11.97%) Problem-Solving
30 3,121 (11.48%) BDD

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,598 (5.88%) Tomcat
2 1,257 (4.62%) Apache Spark
3 1,201 (4.42%) Apache
4 964 (3.55%) Elasticsearch
5 950 (3.49%) JBoss
6 789 (2.90%) Confluence
7 597 (2.20%) WebSphere
8 432 (1.59%) WebLogic
9 410 (1.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 373 (1.37%) CMS
11 288 (1.06%) IIS
12 287 (1.06%) Apache Solr
13 248 (0.91%) nginx
14 176 (0.65%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 158 (0.58%) Ethereum
16 157 (0.58%) SAS
17 153 (0.56%) Mule
18 150 (0.55%) OpenStack
19 148 (0.54%) Apache Pig
20 147 (0.54%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 166 (0.61%) Microsoft Excel
2 127 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
3 100 (0.37%) Photoshop
4 42 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 35 (0.13%) MS Visio
6 29 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
6 29 (0.11%) SPSS
7 24 (0.088%) Adobe Illustrator
8 23 (0.085%) Chatbot
9 19 (0.070%) Spreadsheet
10 14 (0.051%) GNU Octave
11 10 (0.037%) HipChat
11 10 (0.037%) Mathematica
12 8 (0.029%) Mingle
13 7 (0.026%) Weka
14 5 (0.018%) Simulink
15 4 (0.015%) SOLIDWORKS
15 4 (0.015%) S-PLUS
16 3 (0.011%) InDesign
16 3 (0.011%) Stata
Business Applications
1 119 (0.44%) SAP Hybris
2 94 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
3 72 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
4 66 (0.24%) Magento
5 51 (0.19%) thinkFolio
6 42 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
7 37 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 33 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
9 31 (0.11%) Ripple
10 30 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
11 27 (0.099%) Oracle EBS
12 25 (0.092%) SAP ERP
13 23 (0.085%) Oracle Financials
13 23 (0.085%) Oracle General Ledger
14 22 (0.081%) BusinessWare
15 21 (0.077%) Dynamics AX
15 21 (0.077%) MetaTrader
15 21 (0.077%) NetSuite
15 21 (0.077%) Oracle ERP
16 20 (0.074%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 4,567 (16.80%) Amazon AWS
2 1,711 (6.29%) Microsoft Azure
3 836 (3.08%) SaaS
4 707 (2.60%) GitHub
5 615 (2.26%) Google Cloud Platform
6 428 (1.57%) PaaS
7 413 (1.52%) Cloud Computing
8 369 (1.36%) Amazon EC2
9 268 (0.99%) OpenShift
10 267 (0.98%) Serverless
11 260 (0.96%) IaaS
12 244 (0.90%) AWS CloudFormation
13 237 (0.87%) Amazon S3
14 144 (0.53%) AWS Lambda
15 114 (0.42%) Slack
16 108 (0.40%) npm
17 92 (0.34%) IBM Cloud
18 80 (0.29%) Amazon Kinesis
19 79 (0.29%) Office 365
20 74 (0.27%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 718 (2.64%) HTTP
2 550 (2.02%) Internet
3 386 (1.42%) TCP/IP
4 267 (0.98%) DNS
5 257 (0.95%) Firewall
6 220 (0.81%) SSL
7 138 (0.51%) VPN
8 113 (0.42%) SMS
9 102 (0.38%) FTP
10 78 (0.29%) Wireless
11 74 (0.27%) AMQP
12 66 (0.24%) DHCP
13 64 (0.24%) SSH
14 62 (0.23%) SAN
15 51 (0.19%) SNMP
16 45 (0.17%) Bluetooth
17 44 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
18 42 (0.15%) SMTP
19 41 (0.15%) HTTPS
20 40 (0.15%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,873 (10.57%) Big Data
2 2,675 (9.84%) NoSQL
3 2,248 (8.27%) MySQL
4 1,961 (7.21%) SQL Server
5 1,927 (7.09%) Relational Database
6 1,661 (6.11%) MongoDB
7 1,641 (6.04%) Hadoop
8 1,242 (4.57%) PostgreSQL
9 981 (3.61%) Apache Cassandra
10 730 (2.69%) RDBMS
11 595 (2.19%) Blockchain
12 547 (2.01%) Oracle Database
13 473 (1.74%) Apache Hive
14 447 (1.64%) Data Warehouse
15 434 (1.60%) Redis
16 333 (1.22%) DB2
17 326 (1.20%) HBase
18 263 (0.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 217 (0.80%) Neo4j
20 215 (0.79%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 3,564 (13.11%) Git (software)
2 3,349 (12.32%) Jenkins
3 2,628 (9.67%) Selenium
4 2,508 (9.23%) Maven
5 2,086 (7.67%) JIRA
6 1,930 (7.10%) JUnit
7 1,815 (6.68%) Cucumber
8 1,080 (3.97%) Subversion
9 950 (3.49%) Gradle
10 842 (3.10%) WebDriver
11 665 (2.45%) Eclipse
12 586 (2.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 510 (1.88%) TeamCity
14 485 (1.78%) JMeter
15 457 (1.68%) SoapUI
16 440 (1.62%) Ant
17 392 (1.44%) Mockito
18 390 (1.43%) Bitbucket
19 331 (1.22%) Visual Studio
20 325 (1.20%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 6,647 (24.45%) Finance
2 2,835 (10.43%) Banking
3 1,361 (5.01%) Retail
4 1,222 (4.49%) Investment Banking
5 1,069 (3.93%) Advertising
6 925 (3.40%) Games
7 877 (3.23%) Financial Institution
8 849 (3.12%) Front Office
9 677 (2.49%) Marketing
10 572 (2.10%) Telecoms
11 347 (1.28%) Manufacturing
12 340 (1.25%) Electronics
13 302 (1.11%) Law
14 223 (0.82%) Back Office
15 207 (0.76%) Publishing
16 153 (0.56%) Legal
17 134 (0.49%) Automotive
18 131 (0.48%) Retail Banking
19 98 (0.36%) French Language
20 87 (0.32%) German Language
Job Titles
1 14,208 (52.26%) Developer
2 8,725 (32.09%) Java Developer
3 2,951 (10.85%) Software Engineer
4 2,863 (10.53%) Senior Developer
5 2,249 (8.27%) Java Engineer
6 2,063 (7.59%) Senior Java Developer
7 1,817 (6.68%) Software Developer
8 1,670 (6.14%) Architect
9 1,300 (4.78%) Java Software Engineer
10 1,144 (4.21%) Analyst
11 937 (3.45%) Graduate
12 930 (3.42%) Lead Developer
13 873 (3.21%) DevOps Engineer
14 850 (3.13%) Junior
15 786 (2.89%) Java Software Developer
16 753 (2.77%) Consultant
17 728 (2.68%) Tester
18 718 (2.64%) Test Engineer
19 695 (2.56%) Senior Software Engineer
20 693 (2.55%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,299 (23.17%) Spring
2 5,187 (19.08%) HTML
3 4,266 (15.69%) Web Services
4 3,998 (14.71%) CSS
5 3,810 (14.01%) AngularJS
6 3,506 (12.90%) .NET
7 2,952 (10.86%) REST
8 2,741 (10.08%) RESTful
9 2,696 (9.92%) Hibernate
10 2,438 (8.97%) XML
11 2,262 (8.32%) J2EE
12 2,200 (8.09%) React
13 2,081 (7.65%) Node.js
14 1,811 (6.66%) HTML5
15 1,565 (5.76%) Spring Boot
16 1,478 (5.44%) Java EE
17 1,457 (5.36%) SOAP
18 1,421 (5.23%) jQuery
19 1,354 (4.98%) JSON
20 1,205 (4.43%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 3,265 (12.01%) Computer Science
2 2,085 (7.67%) Analytical Skills
3 1,772 (6.52%) Fintech
4 1,648 (6.06%) Greenfield Project
5 1,301 (4.79%) User Experience
6 1,188 (4.37%) Algorithms
7 1,046 (3.85%) Enterprise Software
8 1,014 (3.73%) Mobile App
9 879 (3.23%) Self-Motivation
10 652 (2.40%) Data Structures
11 613 (2.25%) Cyberthreat
12 460 (1.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 451 (1.66%) Fixed Income
14 436 (1.60%) Equities
15 402 (1.48%) Hedge funds
16 363 (1.34%) Derivative
17 353 (1.30%) Management Information System
18 261 (0.96%) Public Cloud
19 258 (0.95%) Linux Command Line
20 251 (0.92%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 4,818 (17.72%) Linux
2 1,937 (7.12%) Unix
3 1,818 (6.69%) Windows
4 1,302 (4.79%) Android
5 817 (3.01%) Apple iOS
6 307 (1.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 262 (0.96%) Windows Server
8 218 (0.80%) CentOS
9 175 (0.64%) Solaris
10 151 (0.56%) AIX
11 118 (0.43%) Mac OS X
12 117 (0.43%) Ubuntu
13 113 (0.42%) Mac OS
14 88 (0.32%) Debian
15 69 (0.25%) HPUX
16 36 (0.13%) Nucleus RTOS
16 36 (0.13%) Windows Phone
17 34 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
18 29 (0.11%) Amazon Linux
18 29 (0.11%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 13,531 (49.77%) Agile Software Development
2 6,352 (23.36%) Software Engineering
3 5,908 (21.73%) TDD
4 4,618 (16.99%) Test Automation
5 4,503 (16.56%) Scrum
6 4,024 (14.80%) DevOps
7 3,836 (14.11%) Continuous Integration
8 3,682 (13.54%) Microservices
9 3,651 (13.43%) OO
10 3,253 (11.97%) Problem-Solving
11 3,121 (11.48%) BDD
12 2,778 (10.22%) SDLC
13 2,336 (8.59%) Open Source
14 2,130 (7.83%) Mentoring
15 2,005 (7.38%) MVC
16 1,785 (6.57%) Analytics
17 1,676 (6.16%) Machine Learning
18 1,657 (6.10%) Web Development
19 1,651 (6.07%) E-Commerce
20 1,602 (5.89%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 8,328 (30.63%) JavaScript
2 7,569 (27.84%) SQL
3 6,700 (24.65%) Python
4 5,384 (19.80%) C#
5 3,761 (13.83%) C++
6 2,884 (10.61%) Java 8
7 2,590 (9.53%) PHP
8 2,508 (9.23%) Scala
9 1,980 (7.28%) Ruby
10 1,505 (5.54%) C
11 1,107 (4.07%) Perl
12 891 (3.28%) Go
13 872 (3.21%) Bash Shell
14 769 (2.83%) PL/SQL
15 727 (2.67%) Shell Script
16 615 (2.26%) Groovy
17 568 (2.09%) R
18 515 (1.89%) PowerShell
19 453 (1.67%) Kotlin
20 378 (1.39%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 4,743 (17.45%) Degree
2 1,522 (5.60%) Computer Science Degree
3 832 (3.06%) Security Cleared
4 553 (2.03%) PhD
5 393 (1.45%) Master's Degree
6 376 (1.38%) SC Cleared
7 297 (1.09%) DV Cleared
8 252 (0.93%) ISTQB
9 238 (0.88%) Numerate Degree
10 180 (0.66%) ISEB
11 95 (0.35%) Sun Certification
12 94 (0.35%) AWS Certification
13 87 (0.32%) CISSP
14 80 (0.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 56 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
16 54 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
17 53 (0.19%) PMI Certification
18 46 (0.17%) SANS
19 41 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
20 37 (0.14%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,343 (8.62%) QA
2 160 (0.59%) GCP
3 115 (0.42%) Data Quality
4 98 (0.36%) SLA
5 75 (0.28%) GDPR
6 71 (0.26%) PCI DSS
7 56 (0.21%) MiFID
8 49 (0.18%) PMO
9 44 (0.16%) PSD2
10 31 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 23 (0.085%) ISO 9001
12 18 (0.066%) SEPA
13 14 (0.051%) MISRA
13 14 (0.051%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 12 (0.044%) PA-DSS
15 11 (0.040%) Disclosure Scotland
16 9 (0.033%) EMIR
17 8 (0.029%) Dodd-Frank
17 8 (0.029%) ECSS
17 8 (0.029%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 2,967 (10.91%) Docker
2 224 (0.82%) HDFS
2 224 (0.82%) VMware Infrastructure
3 188 (0.69%) Active Directory
4 142 (0.52%) Apache Flume
5 122 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
6 80 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 62 (0.23%) vSphere
8 48 (0.18%) Hyper-V
9 36 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
10 35 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
11 29 (0.11%) Xen
12 28 (0.10%) Firmware
13 25 (0.092%) KVM
14 18 (0.066%) VirtualBox
15 17 (0.063%) GridGain
16 11 (0.040%) LXC
16 11 (0.040%) Varnish
17 10 (0.037%) VMware Workstation
18 9 (0.033%) NFS
Systems Management
1 1,369 (5.04%) Ansible
2 1,248 (4.59%) Puppet
3 1,168 (4.30%) Kubernetes
4 965 (3.55%) Opscode Chef
5 740 (2.72%) Terraform
6 205 (0.75%) Nagios
7 191 (0.70%) Salt
8 140 (0.51%) Kibana
9 112 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
10 110 (0.40%) logstash
11 107 (0.39%) Packer
12 96 (0.35%) Mesos
13 93 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
14 89 (0.33%) Prometheus
15 78 (0.29%) Grafana
16 77 (0.28%) ZABBIX
17 71 (0.26%) Graphite
17 71 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
18 70 (0.26%) Consul
19 57 (0.21%) HockeyApp
Vendors
1 3,605 (13.26%) Oracle
2 1,319 (4.85%) Microsoft
3 1,074 (3.95%) Google
4 620 (2.28%) SAP
5 500 (1.84%) Salesforce.com
6 496 (1.82%) IBM
7 435 (1.60%) Sybase
8 393 (1.45%) Red Hat
9 384 (1.41%) VMware
10 351 (1.29%) Splunk
11 301 (1.11%) Atlassian
12 272 (1.00%) hybris
13 257 (0.95%) Cloudera
14 256 (0.94%) WorldPay
15 250 (0.92%) TIBCO
16 247 (0.91%) Adobe
16 247 (0.91%) Capita
17 240 (0.88%) Tableau
18 204 (0.75%) AppDynamics
19 166 (0.61%) Hortonworks