Period
to 15 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 15 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
15 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 8 8 8
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +5
Permanent jobs citing Java 19,997 26,263 28,448
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.29% 15.75% 16.03%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.72% 28.27% 28.96%
Number of salaries quoted 15,911 20,820 21,602
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £34,731 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £98,750 £91,250 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £46,000
% change year-on-year - +8.70% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 74,841 92,910 98,217
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.48% 55.70% 55.35%
Number of salaries quoted 61,173 77,181 80,659
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.94%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 15 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 15 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 18,259 £62,500 +8.70% 2,844
UK excluding London -1 9,893 £50,000 - 1,709
London 0 9,762 £75,000 +10.29% 1,402
South East +1 3,275 £55,000 +4.76% 393
North of England -2 2,149 £50,000 +6.38% 412
South West -6 1,249 £50,000 - 213
North West -1 1,237 £52,500 +7.14% 220
Midlands -5 981 £47,500 -5.00% 209
Scotland -1 960 £46,500 -7.00% 198
East of England -3 797 £55,000 +10.00% 215
Yorkshire -10 758 £47,500 +5.56% 148
East Midlands -1 504 £47,500 -9.52% 64
West Midlands -18 468 £46,373 -2.37% 144
Wales 0 347 £41,000 +2.50% 52
Northern Ireland +2 153 £43,750 +2.94% 20
North East -7 153 £47,500 +5.56% 44

For the 6 months to 15 September 2019, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 9,986 (49.94%) Agile Software Development
2 5,445 (27.23%) JavaScript
3 5,428 (27.14%) Python
4 5,229 (26.15%) Software Engineering
5 5,069 (25.35%) SQL
6 4,667 (23.34%) AWS
7 4,565 (22.83%) Spring
8 4,372 (21.86%) Finance
9 4,018 (20.09%) C#
10 3,912 (19.56%) DevOps
11 3,753 (18.77%) Microservices
12 3,519 (17.60%) Docker
13 3,437 (17.19%) TDD
14 3,379 (16.90%) Test Automation
15 3,291 (16.46%) Linux
16 2,996 (14.98%) Scrum
17 2,923 (14.62%) Git (software)
18 2,700 (13.50%) Jenkins
19 2,640 (13.20%) Degree
20 2,637 (13.19%) Web Services
21 2,615 (13.08%) C++
22 2,531 (12.66%) HTML
23 2,432 (12.16%) Continuous Integration
24 2,388 (11.94%) .NET
25 2,379 (11.90%) AngularJS
26 2,377 (11.89%) Kubernetes
27 2,351 (11.76%) Oracle
28 2,189 (10.95%) Azure
29 2,131 (10.66%) Java 8
30 2,018 (10.09%) Computer Science

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 964 (4.82%) Apache Spark
2 790 (3.95%) Tomcat
3 769 (3.85%) Confluence
4 574 (2.87%) Apache
5 541 (2.71%) Elasticsearch
6 422 (2.11%) JBoss
7 333 (1.67%) WebSphere
8 212 (1.06%) WebLogic
9 191 (0.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 188 (0.94%) CMS
11 176 (0.88%) SharePoint
12 157 (0.79%) IIS
13 154 (0.77%) BizTalk Server
14 141 (0.71%) Apache Solr
15 140 (0.70%) Oracle Workflow
16 118 (0.59%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 113 (0.57%) nginx
18 107 (0.54%) SAS
19 93 (0.47%) Apache Pig
20 87 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 109 (0.55%) Microsoft Excel
2 101 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
3 61 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 31 (0.16%) Chatbot
5 29 (0.15%) Photoshop
6 26 (0.13%) MS Visio
7 18 (0.090%) Simulink
8 16 (0.080%) Spreadsheet
9 14 (0.070%) Adobe Illustrator
9 14 (0.070%) EngageOne
10 12 (0.060%) Adobe Premiere
10 12 (0.060%) SPSS
11 10 (0.050%) Maya
12 9 (0.045%) Microsoft Project
13 7 (0.035%) Zeplin
14 5 (0.025%) InDesign
14 5 (0.025%) Sketch
14 5 (0.025%) Stateflow
15 4 (0.020%) FileZilla
15 4 (0.020%) Fireworks
Business Applications
1 165 (0.83%) Dynamics CRM
2 128 (0.64%) Dynamics AX
3 117 (0.59%) Payment Gateway
4 85 (0.43%) thinkFolio
5 63 (0.32%) Magento
6 60 (0.30%) Markit EDM
7 58 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
8 54 (0.27%) Front Arena
9 43 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
10 33 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
11 32 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
12 28 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
12 28 (0.14%) SDL Web 8
13 27 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
14 24 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
15 23 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
16 20 (0.10%) R3 Corda
17 17 (0.085%) LatentZero
18 15 (0.075%) Remedy ITSM
18 15 (0.075%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 4,667 (23.34%) AWS
2 2,189 (10.95%) Azure
3 1,245 (6.23%) GCP
4 935 (4.68%) SaaS
5 647 (3.24%) Serverless
6 588 (2.94%) GitHub
7 454 (2.27%) Amazon EC2
8 413 (2.07%) Amazon S3
9 412 (2.06%) AWS Lambda
10 385 (1.93%) OpenShift
11 324 (1.62%) Cloud Computing
12 297 (1.49%) PaaS
13 285 (1.43%) AWS CloudFormation
14 241 (1.21%) Amazon ECS
15 211 (1.06%) Amazon SQS
16 186 (0.93%) IaaS
17 185 (0.93%) Power Platform
18 126 (0.63%) Dynamics 365
19 107 (0.54%) npm
20 92 (0.46%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 351 (1.76%) HTTP
2 305 (1.53%) Internet
3 216 (1.08%) TCP/IP
4 205 (1.03%) Firewall
5 84 (0.42%) DNS
6 83 (0.42%) Broadband
7 73 (0.37%) SSL
8 72 (0.36%) HTTPS
9 52 (0.26%) VPN
10 51 (0.26%) Network Security
11 45 (0.23%) Bluetooth
12 43 (0.22%) SSH
13 42 (0.21%) Wireless
14 37 (0.19%) VoIP
15 36 (0.18%) Wireshark
16 34 (0.17%) WAN
17 33 (0.17%) FTP
18 30 (0.15%) Ethernet
19 29 (0.15%) SAN
20 23 (0.12%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,585 (7.93%) Big Data
2 1,435 (7.18%) SQL Server
3 1,361 (6.81%) NoSQL
4 1,288 (6.44%) MySQL
5 1,133 (5.67%) Relational Database
6 1,093 (5.47%) PostgreSQL
7 1,014 (5.07%) MongoDB
8 1,000 (5.00%) Hadoop
9 485 (2.43%) Apache Cassandra
10 467 (2.34%) RDBMS
11 374 (1.87%) Apache Hive
12 341 (1.71%) Redis
13 336 (1.68%) Amazon RDS
14 332 (1.66%) Oracle Database
15 323 (1.62%) Data Warehouse
16 275 (1.38%) Blockchain
17 249 (1.25%) Amazon Redshift
18 240 (1.20%) HBase
19 216 (1.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 192 (0.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 2,923 (14.62%) Git (software)
2 2,700 (13.50%) Jenkins
3 1,820 (9.10%) Selenium
4 1,713 (8.57%) JIRA
5 1,555 (7.78%) Maven
6 1,250 (6.25%) Cucumber
7 1,116 (5.58%) JUnit
8 601 (3.01%) WebDriver
9 561 (2.81%) Gradle
10 532 (2.66%) Subversion
11 505 (2.53%) TeamCity
12 478 (2.39%) Bitbucket
13 395 (1.98%) Eclipse
14 367 (1.84%) JMeter
15 348 (1.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 312 (1.56%) Mockito
17 290 (1.45%) SoapUI
18 281 (1.41%) GitLab
19 267 (1.34%) Team Foundation Server
20 250 (1.25%) SpecFlow
General
1 4,372 (21.86%) Finance
2 1,632 (8.16%) Banking
3 1,054 (5.27%) Retail
4 930 (4.65%) Front Office
5 547 (2.74%) Games
6 514 (2.57%) Marketing
7 503 (2.52%) Public Sector
8 453 (2.27%) Telecoms
9 337 (1.69%) Investment Banking
10 307 (1.54%) Law
11 291 (1.46%) Manufacturing
12 208 (1.04%) Electronics
13 194 (0.97%) Advertising
14 187 (0.94%) Financial Institution
15 165 (0.83%) Back Office
16 138 (0.69%) Automotive
17 126 (0.63%) Legal
18 93 (0.47%) Publishing
19 92 (0.46%) Aerospace
20 90 (0.45%) Military
Job Titles
1 9,879 (49.40%) Developer
2 6,055 (30.28%) Java Developer
3 2,341 (11.71%) Software Engineer
4 2,218 (11.09%) Senior Developer
5 1,531 (7.66%) Senior Java Developer
6 1,477 (7.39%) Java Engineer
7 1,135 (5.68%) Architect
8 1,118 (5.59%) Software Developer
9 934 (4.67%) DevOps Engineer
10 889 (4.45%) Java Software Engineer
11 740 (3.70%) Analyst
12 654 (3.27%) Junior
13 619 (3.10%) Test Engineer
14 592 (2.96%) Senior Software Engineer
15 550 (2.75%) Lead Developer
16 525 (2.63%) Consultant
17 516 (2.58%) Java Software Developer
18 513 (2.57%) Graduate
19 487 (2.44%) Solutions Architect
20 480 (2.40%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,565 (22.83%) Spring
2 2,637 (13.19%) Web Services
3 2,531 (12.66%) HTML
4 2,388 (11.94%) .NET
5 2,379 (11.90%) AngularJS
6 2,013 (10.07%) CSS
7 1,922 (9.61%) Spring Boot
8 1,835 (9.18%) REST
9 1,769 (8.85%) RESTful
10 1,763 (8.82%) React
11 1,691 (8.46%) Node.js
12 1,418 (7.09%) Hibernate
13 1,328 (6.64%) J2EE
14 1,260 (6.30%) XML
15 1,179 (5.90%) Kafka
16 975 (4.88%) SOAP
17 959 (4.80%) JSON
18 806 (4.03%) HTML5
19 701 (3.51%) jQuery
20 541 (2.71%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 1,247 (6.24%) Analytical Skills
2 1,220 (6.10%) Greenfield Project
3 790 (3.95%) User Experience
4 747 (3.74%) Algorithms
5 719 (3.60%) Mobile App
6 662 (3.31%) Fixed Income
7 578 (2.89%) Derivative
8 572 (2.86%) Enterprise Software
9 523 (2.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 465 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
11 434 (2.17%) Equities
12 405 (2.03%) Data Structures
13 370 (1.85%) Hedge funds
14 351 (1.76%) Public Cloud
15 250 (1.25%) Management Information System
16 247 (1.24%) Cloud Native
17 217 (1.09%) Linux Command Line
18 198 (0.99%) Robotics
19 189 (0.95%) Client/Server
20 184 (0.92%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 3,291 (16.46%) Linux
2 1,246 (6.23%) Unix
3 1,135 (5.68%) Windows
4 1,029 (5.15%) Android
5 631 (3.16%) Apple iOS
6 188 (0.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 168 (0.84%) CentOS
8 127 (0.64%) Windows Server
9 100 (0.50%) Ubuntu
10 59 (0.30%) Mac OS
11 57 (0.29%) Windows 10
12 50 (0.25%) AIX
13 43 (0.22%) Debian
14 33 (0.17%) Mesosphere
14 33 (0.17%) MVS
15 29 (0.15%) SUSE
15 29 (0.15%) Windows 7
16 25 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
17 24 (0.12%) Fedora
18 23 (0.12%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,986 (49.94%) Agile Software Development
2 5,229 (26.15%) Software Engineering
3 3,912 (19.56%) DevOps
4 3,753 (18.77%) Microservices
5 3,437 (17.19%) TDD
6 3,379 (16.90%) Test Automation
7 2,996 (14.98%) Scrum
8 2,432 (12.16%) Continuous Integration
9 2,018 (10.09%) Computer Science
10 2,010 (10.05%) BDD
11 1,980 (9.90%) Mentoring
12 1,976 (9.88%) OO
13 1,851 (9.26%) Problem-Solving
14 1,655 (8.28%) SDLC
15 1,484 (7.42%) Fintech
16 1,387 (6.94%) Analytics
17 1,367 (6.84%) Open Source
18 1,132 (5.66%) Machine Learning
19 1,094 (5.47%) E-Commerce
20 1,048 (5.24%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 5,445 (27.23%) JavaScript
2 5,428 (27.14%) Python
3 5,069 (25.35%) SQL
4 4,018 (20.09%) C#
5 2,615 (13.08%) C++
6 2,131 (10.66%) Java 8
7 1,487 (7.44%) Scala
8 1,071 (5.36%) Ruby
9 1,012 (5.06%) C
10 987 (4.94%) PHP
11 921 (4.61%) Go
12 774 (3.87%) Kotlin
13 664 (3.32%) Bash Shell
14 538 (2.69%) TypeScript
15 464 (2.32%) R
16 457 (2.29%) PL/SQL
17 445 (2.23%) Perl
18 400 (2.00%) PowerShell
19 383 (1.92%) Shell Script
20 376 (1.88%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 2,640 (13.20%) Degree
2 987 (4.94%) Security Cleared
3 908 (4.54%) Computer Science Degree
4 490 (2.45%) SC Cleared
5 365 (1.83%) DV Cleared
6 252 (1.26%) ISTQB
7 200 (1.00%) PhD
8 157 (0.79%) Numerate Degree
9 149 (0.75%) ISEB
10 120 (0.60%) Master's Degree
11 103 (0.52%) CISSP
12 78 (0.39%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 67 (0.34%) AWS Certification
14 47 (0.24%) CEH
15 40 (0.20%) Oracle Certification
16 39 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
17 36 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
18 35 (0.18%) CISM
19 33 (0.17%) OCP
20 32 (0.16%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,639 (8.20%) QA
2 111 (0.56%) GDPR
3 88 (0.44%) Data Quality
4 77 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 71 (0.36%) SLA
6 30 (0.15%) COBIT
7 29 (0.15%) PSD2
8 25 (0.13%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 24 (0.12%) HMG Infosec
9 24 (0.12%) JSP 440
10 17 (0.085%) HIPAA
11 16 (0.080%) WAI
12 15 (0.075%) IFRS
12 15 (0.075%) IFRS 9
12 15 (0.075%) ISO 9001
13 14 (0.070%) PCI DSS
14 12 (0.060%) MiFID
14 12 (0.060%) PMO
15 11 (0.055%) CRD IV
15 11 (0.055%) EMIR
System Software
1 3,519 (17.60%) Docker
2 152 (0.76%) Active Directory
3 126 (0.63%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 102 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
5 82 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
6 69 (0.35%) HDFS
7 57 (0.29%) vSphere
8 54 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
9 53 (0.27%) Firmware
10 52 (0.26%) Apache Flume
11 21 (0.11%) Hyper-V
11 21 (0.11%) vCloud
12 20 (0.10%) Forefront TMG
13 16 (0.080%) etcd
14 11 (0.055%) Job Entry Subsystem
14 11 (0.055%) VirtualBox
15 10 (0.050%) XenApp
16 8 (0.040%) GridGain
16 8 (0.040%) NFS
16 8 (0.040%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 2,377 (11.89%) Kubernetes
2 1,290 (6.45%) Ansible
3 1,059 (5.30%) Terraform
4 902 (4.51%) Puppet
5 815 (4.08%) Opscode Chef
6 190 (0.95%) Prometheus
7 142 (0.71%) Mesos
8 127 (0.64%) Kibana
9 114 (0.57%) Salt
10 113 (0.57%) Hadoop YARN
11 112 (0.56%) Grafana
11 112 (0.56%) HP Quality Center
12 107 (0.54%) Consul
12 107 (0.54%) Docker Swarm
13 104 (0.52%) Packer
14 98 (0.49%) Marathon
15 96 (0.48%) Oozie
16 71 (0.36%) Nagios
17 66 (0.33%) Rancher
18 58 (0.29%) Nessus
Vendors
1 2,351 (11.76%) Oracle
2 1,155 (5.78%) Microsoft
3 927 (4.64%) Google
4 498 (2.49%) SAP
5 412 (2.06%) Salesforce.com
6 369 (1.85%) IBM
7 288 (1.44%) Splunk
8 276 (1.38%) WorldPay
9 260 (1.30%) Atlassian
10 253 (1.27%) Red Hat
11 205 (1.03%) Tableau
12 179 (0.90%) Adobe
13 176 (0.88%) Cloudera
14 164 (0.82%) VMware
15 155 (0.78%) Bloomberg
15 155 (0.78%) MuleSoft
16 133 (0.67%) HP
17 130 (0.65%) Reuters
18 127 (0.64%) Informatica
19 122 (0.61%) TIBCO