Period
to 19 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 19 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 8 8 13
Rank change year-on-year 0 +5 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 26,085 28,044 26,871
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.83% 16.04% 14.05%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.49% 29.02% 26.63%
Number of salaries quoted 20,698 21,322 22,687
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% - +10.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +7.95%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 91,556 96,643 100,918
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.57% 55.29% 52.75%
Number of salaries quoted 76,173 79,233 87,041
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 19 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 24,104 £57,500 +4.55% 3,747
UK excluding London +4 13,307 £50,000 +5.26% 2,256
London 0 12,393 £70,000 +7.69% 1,799
South East +1 4,090 £52,500 +5.00% 579
North of England +3 2,957 £46,500 -2.11% 571
South West +1 1,630 £50,000 +17.65% 248
Midlands +1 1,572 £50,000 +17.65% 281
North West +2 1,543 £50,000 +5.26% 335
East of England +1 1,504 £50,000 +6.38% 273
Yorkshire +2 1,175 £45,000 -10.00% 172
Scotland 0 1,161 £50,000 +7.53% 196
West Midlands +2 895 £47,500 +14.46% 140
East Midlands +1 672 £52,500 +16.67% 141
Wales +12 399 £40,000 - 77
North East +6 247 £45,000 +20.00% 64
Northern Ireland -1 104 £45,000 +20.00% 36
Channel Islands - 1 £42,500 -

For the 6 months to 19 October 2018, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 12,727 (48.79%) Agile Software Development
2 7,451 (28.56%) JavaScript
3 7,275 (27.89%) SQL
4 6,458 (24.76%) Python
5 6,401 (24.54%) Finance
6 6,099 (23.38%) Spring
7 5,921 (22.70%) Software Engineering
8 5,366 (20.57%) C#
9 5,146 (19.73%) TDD
10 4,704 (18.03%) Amazon AWS
11 4,643 (17.80%) HTML
12 4,529 (17.36%) Linux
13 4,283 (16.42%) Degree
14 4,243 (16.27%) Test Automation
15 4,002 (15.34%) Microservices
16 3,980 (15.26%) DevOps
17 3,961 (15.18%) Scrum
18 3,799 (14.56%) C++
19 3,666 (14.05%) Continuous Integration
20 3,642 (13.96%) Web Services
21 3,522 (13.50%) CSS
22 3,353 (12.85%) .NET
23 3,328 (12.76%) Git (software)
24 3,297 (12.64%) Oracle
25 3,288 (12.60%) Jenkins
26 3,250 (12.46%) AngularJS
27 3,193 (12.24%) OO
28 3,153 (12.09%) Computer Science
29 3,147 (12.06%) Docker
30 3,085 (11.83%) Problem-Solving

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,206 (4.62%) Tomcat
2 1,170 (4.49%) Apache Spark
3 1,151 (4.41%) Apache
4 937 (3.59%) Elasticsearch
5 738 (2.83%) JBoss
6 654 (2.51%) Confluence
7 509 (1.95%) WebSphere
8 445 (1.71%) WebLogic
9 308 (1.18%) CMS
10 295 (1.13%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 286 (1.10%) IIS
12 223 (0.85%) Apache Solr
13 196 (0.75%) nginx
14 187 (0.72%) Cloud Foundry
15 185 (0.71%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 174 (0.67%) Ethereum
17 154 (0.59%) Apache Pig
18 132 (0.51%) OpenStack
19 127 (0.49%) SharePoint
20 123 (0.47%) WordPress
Applications
1 175 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
2 135 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
3 90 (0.35%) Photoshop
4 66 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 35 (0.13%) Chatbot
6 34 (0.13%) MS Visio
7 33 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
8 22 (0.084%) Adobe Illustrator
9 17 (0.065%) Microsoft Project
10 13 (0.050%) GNU Octave
11 9 (0.035%) Mingle
12 8 (0.031%) RoboHelp
12 8 (0.031%) Simulink
12 8 (0.031%) SPSS
13 7 (0.027%) Snapchat
14 6 (0.023%) Doxygen
15 5 (0.019%) Weka
16 4 (0.015%) Acrobat
16 4 (0.015%) Mathematica
16 4 (0.015%) Maya
Business Applications
1 97 (0.37%) Dynamics CRM
2 87 (0.33%) SAP Hybris
3 83 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
4 74 (0.28%) thinkFolio
5 58 (0.22%) Magento
6 57 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
7 53 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
8 35 (0.13%) Ripple
9 31 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
10 29 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 27 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
12 26 (0.100%) Front Arena
12 26 (0.100%) Markit EDM
12 26 (0.100%) SAP ERP
13 24 (0.092%) Oracle BPM
13 24 (0.092%) Oracle ERP
13 24 (0.092%) Oracle Financials
14 23 (0.088%) SAP S/4HANA
15 21 (0.081%) Oracle General Ledger
16 18 (0.069%) Infor M3
Cloud Services
1 4,704 (18.03%) Amazon AWS
2 2,069 (7.93%) Microsoft Azure
3 827 (3.17%) Google Cloud Platform
4 745 (2.86%) SaaS
5 689 (2.64%) GitHub
6 514 (1.97%) PaaS
7 504 (1.93%) Cloud Computing
8 410 (1.57%) Serverless
9 351 (1.35%) Amazon EC2
10 319 (1.22%) OpenShift
11 306 (1.17%) AWS CloudFormation
12 270 (1.04%) IaaS
13 247 (0.95%) Amazon S3
14 213 (0.82%) AWS Lambda
15 163 (0.62%) IBM Cloud
16 109 (0.42%) npm
17 103 (0.39%) Office 365
17 103 (0.39%) Slack
18 101 (0.39%) Amazon EMR
19 82 (0.31%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 622 (2.38%) HTTP
2 514 (1.97%) Internet
3 418 (1.60%) TCP/IP
4 316 (1.21%) Firewall
5 307 (1.18%) DNS
6 209 (0.80%) SSL
7 145 (0.56%) VPN
8 87 (0.33%) SMS
9 69 (0.26%) FTP
9 69 (0.26%) SAN
10 68 (0.26%) DHCP
11 57 (0.22%) AMQP
11 57 (0.22%) HTTPS
11 57 (0.22%) Network Security
12 55 (0.21%) LAN
13 49 (0.19%) Wireless
14 44 (0.17%) WAN
15 41 (0.16%) SNMP
16 38 (0.15%) Intrusion Detection
17 35 (0.13%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,709 (10.39%) Big Data
2 2,352 (9.02%) NoSQL
3 2,133 (8.18%) SQL Server
4 2,038 (7.81%) MySQL
5 1,866 (7.15%) Relational Database
6 1,530 (5.87%) MongoDB
7 1,508 (5.78%) Hadoop
8 1,231 (4.72%) PostgreSQL
9 818 (3.14%) Apache Cassandra
10 759 (2.91%) RDBMS
11 569 (2.18%) Blockchain
12 497 (1.91%) Apache Hive
13 457 (1.75%) Oracle Database
14 365 (1.40%) Data Warehouse
15 360 (1.38%) Redis
16 306 (1.17%) DB2
16 306 (1.17%) HBase
17 273 (1.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 234 (0.90%) Amazon RDS
19 206 (0.79%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 3,328 (12.76%) Git (software)
2 3,288 (12.60%) Jenkins
3 2,276 (8.73%) Selenium
4 2,256 (8.65%) Maven
5 1,818 (6.97%) JIRA
6 1,674 (6.42%) JUnit
7 1,645 (6.31%) Cucumber
8 947 (3.63%) Subversion
9 865 (3.32%) Gradle
10 776 (2.97%) WebDriver
11 691 (2.65%) Eclipse
12 671 (2.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 604 (2.32%) TeamCity
14 439 (1.68%) JMeter
15 419 (1.61%) SoapUI
16 405 (1.55%) Bitbucket
17 400 (1.53%) Visual Studio
18 367 (1.41%) Mockito
19 365 (1.40%) Ant
20 345 (1.32%) SpecFlow
General
1 6,401 (24.54%) Finance
2 2,658 (10.19%) Banking
3 1,203 (4.61%) Investment Banking
4 1,088 (4.17%) Retail
5 884 (3.39%) Front Office
6 879 (3.37%) Games
7 854 (3.27%) Financial Institution
8 647 (2.48%) Marketing
9 633 (2.43%) Advertising
10 622 (2.38%) Telecoms
11 431 (1.65%) Manufacturing
12 348 (1.33%) Electronics
13 331 (1.27%) Law
14 225 (0.86%) Back Office
15 214 (0.82%) Publishing
16 143 (0.55%) Automotive
17 121 (0.46%) Legal
18 104 (0.40%) French Language
19 89 (0.34%) Retail Banking
20 88 (0.34%) German Language
Job Titles
1 13,603 (52.15%) Developer
2 8,374 (32.10%) Java Developer
3 2,839 (10.88%) Software Engineer
4 2,781 (10.66%) Senior Developer
5 1,981 (7.59%) Senior Java Developer
6 1,860 (7.13%) Java Engineer
7 1,758 (6.74%) Architect
8 1,693 (6.49%) Software Developer
9 1,116 (4.28%) Java Software Engineer
10 1,113 (4.27%) Analyst
11 1,064 (4.08%) Graduate
12 923 (3.54%) Lead Developer
13 901 (3.45%) Junior
14 836 (3.20%) DevOps Engineer
15 777 (2.98%) Graduate Developer
16 703 (2.70%) Test Engineer
17 700 (2.68%) Consultant
18 691 (2.65%) Junior Developer
19 681 (2.61%) Java Software Developer
20 666 (2.55%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,099 (23.38%) Spring
2 4,643 (17.80%) HTML
3 3,642 (13.96%) Web Services
4 3,522 (13.50%) CSS
5 3,353 (12.85%) .NET
6 3,250 (12.46%) AngularJS
7 2,755 (10.56%) REST
8 2,513 (9.63%) RESTful
9 2,296 (8.80%) Hibernate
10 2,160 (8.28%) XML
11 2,109 (8.09%) React
12 2,057 (7.89%) Node.js
13 1,967 (7.54%) Spring Boot
14 1,863 (7.14%) J2EE
15 1,648 (6.32%) HTML5
16 1,380 (5.29%) SOAP
17 1,232 (4.72%) JSON
18 1,213 (4.65%) Kafka
19 1,206 (4.62%) Java EE
20 1,133 (4.34%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 3,153 (12.09%) Computer Science
2 1,850 (7.09%) Fintech
3 1,820 (6.98%) Analytical Skills
4 1,654 (6.34%) Greenfield Project
5 1,194 (4.58%) Algorithms
6 1,154 (4.42%) User Experience
7 957 (3.67%) Enterprise Software
8 863 (3.31%) Mobile App
9 784 (3.01%) Self-Motivation
10 621 (2.38%) Data Structures
11 607 (2.33%) Cyberthreat
12 548 (2.10%) Fixed Income
13 509 (1.95%) Equities
14 496 (1.90%) Derivative
15 479 (1.84%) Hedge funds
16 471 (1.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 354 (1.36%) Management Information System
18 319 (1.22%) Public Cloud
19 247 (0.95%) Virtual Team
20 244 (0.94%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 4,529 (17.36%) Linux
2 1,836 (7.04%) Unix
3 1,749 (6.71%) Windows
4 1,236 (4.74%) Android
5 876 (3.36%) Apple iOS
6 367 (1.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 244 (0.94%) CentOS
8 243 (0.93%) Windows Server
9 174 (0.67%) Ubuntu
10 127 (0.49%) Mac OS X
11 123 (0.47%) Solaris
12 107 (0.41%) AIX
13 71 (0.27%) Debian
14 59 (0.23%) Mac OS
15 37 (0.14%) HPUX
16 32 (0.12%) Windows 7
16 32 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
17 28 (0.11%) Windows Phone
18 27 (0.10%) VMS
18 27 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 12,727 (48.79%) Agile Software Development
2 5,921 (22.70%) Software Engineering
3 5,146 (19.73%) TDD
4 4,243 (16.27%) Test Automation
5 4,002 (15.34%) Microservices
6 3,980 (15.26%) DevOps
7 3,961 (15.18%) Scrum
8 3,666 (14.05%) Continuous Integration
9 3,193 (12.24%) OO
10 3,085 (11.83%) Problem-Solving
11 2,661 (10.20%) BDD
12 2,407 (9.23%) SDLC
13 2,320 (8.89%) Open Source
14 2,015 (7.72%) Mentoring
15 1,699 (6.51%) MVC
16 1,661 (6.37%) Analytics
17 1,427 (5.47%) Machine Learning
18 1,417 (5.43%) Multithreading
19 1,390 (5.33%) Mathematics
20 1,343 (5.15%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 7,451 (28.56%) JavaScript
2 7,275 (27.89%) SQL
3 6,458 (24.76%) Python
4 5,366 (20.57%) C#
5 3,799 (14.56%) C++
6 3,073 (11.78%) Java 8
7 2,084 (7.99%) Scala
8 1,879 (7.20%) PHP
9 1,631 (6.25%) Ruby
10 1,466 (5.62%) C
11 1,011 (3.88%) Go
12 922 (3.53%) Bash Shell
13 895 (3.43%) Perl
14 763 (2.93%) PL/SQL
15 598 (2.29%) Shell Script
16 597 (2.29%) PowerShell
17 534 (2.05%) Kotlin
18 433 (1.66%) Groovy
18 433 (1.66%) R
19 419 (1.61%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 4,283 (16.42%) Degree
2 1,414 (5.42%) Computer Science Degree
3 909 (3.48%) Security Cleared
4 508 (1.95%) PhD
5 440 (1.69%) SC Cleared
6 382 (1.46%) DV Cleared
7 343 (1.31%) Master's Degree
8 250 (0.96%) Numerate Degree
9 246 (0.94%) ISTQB
10 196 (0.75%) ISEB
11 141 (0.54%) MPhil
12 135 (0.52%) CISSP
13 125 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
14 91 (0.35%) MCSE
15 84 (0.32%) AWS Certification
16 71 (0.27%) Cisco Certification
16 71 (0.27%) SANS
17 69 (0.26%) Network+ Certification
17 69 (0.26%) SSCP
18 67 (0.26%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,207 (8.46%) QA
2 129 (0.49%) SLA
3 101 (0.39%) Data Quality
4 87 (0.33%) GDPR
5 55 (0.21%) PCI DSS
6 54 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 46 (0.18%) MiFID
8 36 (0.14%) PMO
9 23 (0.088%) SEPA
10 21 (0.081%) HIPAA
11 20 (0.077%) PSD2
12 19 (0.073%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 18 (0.069%) ISO 20022
14 15 (0.058%) ECSS
14 15 (0.058%) ISO 9001
15 14 (0.054%) Cyber Essentials
16 13 (0.050%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 10 (0.038%) DICOM
17 10 (0.038%) HL7
18 8 (0.031%) MISRA
System Software
1 3,147 (12.06%) Docker
2 293 (1.12%) Active Directory
3 223 (0.85%) VMware Infrastructure
4 206 (0.79%) HDFS
5 119 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
6 114 (0.44%) Apache Flume
7 85 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 82 (0.31%) Hyper-V
9 70 (0.27%) vSphere
10 41 (0.16%) Firmware
11 32 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
12 31 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
13 23 (0.088%) GridGain
14 19 (0.073%) KVM
14 19 (0.073%) VirtualBox
15 16 (0.061%) Virtual Servers
16 13 (0.050%) Xen
17 12 (0.046%) Varnish
18 11 (0.042%) GlusterFS
18 11 (0.042%) oVirt
Systems Management
1 1,426 (5.47%) Ansible
2 1,410 (5.41%) Kubernetes
3 1,260 (4.83%) Puppet
4 984 (3.77%) Opscode Chef
5 817 (3.13%) Terraform
6 279 (1.07%) Salt
7 200 (0.77%) Nagios
8 179 (0.69%) Docker Swarm
9 162 (0.62%) Packer
10 135 (0.52%) Kibana
11 132 (0.51%) Grafana
12 130 (0.50%) Prometheus
13 107 (0.41%) Consul
14 96 (0.37%) Graphite
14 96 (0.37%) logstash
14 96 (0.37%) ZABBIX
15 90 (0.35%) Hadoop YARN
15 90 (0.35%) Oozie
16 74 (0.28%) Mesos
17 65 (0.25%) Opsview
Vendors
1 3,297 (12.64%) Oracle
2 1,463 (5.61%) Microsoft
3 1,102 (4.22%) Google
4 718 (2.75%) SAP
5 551 (2.11%) Red Hat
6 473 (1.81%) IBM
7 382 (1.46%) Sybase
8 355 (1.36%) Salesforce.com
9 322 (1.23%) VMware
10 291 (1.12%) Splunk
11 290 (1.11%) Atlassian
12 268 (1.03%) Adobe
13 260 (1.00%) Tableau
14 241 (0.92%) TIBCO
15 223 (0.85%) Cloudera
16 211 (0.81%) hybris
17 181 (0.69%) Hortonworks
18 149 (0.57%) AppDynamics
19 144 (0.55%) Talend
20 134 (0.51%) Apple