Period
to 9 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 9 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
9 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 10 8 9
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 16,052 23,269 26,892
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 13.94% 15.61% 15.17%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.58% 28.59% 27.12%
Number of salaries quoted 14,134 19,652 23,089
Median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -
10th Percentile £37,381 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £93,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 62,759 81,394 99,149
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.50% 54.62% 55.95%
Number of salaries quoted 51,758 66,918 83,427
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,000 £45,000 £43,857
% change year-on-year +2.22% +2.61% +4.09%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 9 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 14,785 £65,000 +8.33% 1,820
London -1 8,385 £75,000 +7.14% 923
UK excluding London -5 7,249 £50,000 - 1,036
South East -7 2,394 £55,000 - 239
North of England -1 1,651 £50,000 +2.04% 255
Work from Home -2 1,192 £65,000 +6.56% 138
South West +1 988 £50,000 - 152
Midlands -4 832 £50,000 +5.26% 147
North West -3 813 £52,500 - 140
Yorkshire +1 759 £50,000 +11.11% 79
Scotland -3 610 £50,000 +5.26% 83
East of England -10 504 £50,000 -9.09% 102
West Midlands -1 441 £48,400 +7.56% 86
East Midlands -5 391 £50,000 - 61
Wales -7 216 £42,500 +10.39% 29
Northern Ireland 0 90 £45,000 +5.88% 29
North East -28 80 £45,000 - 36

For the 6 months to 9 April 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 7,718 (48.08%) Agile Software Development
2 4,591 (28.60%) JavaScript
3 4,548 (28.33%) Python
4 4,283 (26.68%) Software Engineering
5 4,224 (26.31%) AWS
6 3,800 (23.67%) Finance
7 3,796 (23.65%) SQL
8 3,566 (22.22%) Spring
9 3,313 (20.64%) C#
10 3,250 (20.25%) DevOps
11 3,232 (20.13%) Microservices
12 3,003 (18.71%) Docker
13 2,763 (17.21%) TDD
14 2,532 (15.77%) Test Automation
15 2,317 (14.43%) Linux
16 2,257 (14.06%) Azure
17 2,195 (13.67%) Git (software)
18 2,194 (13.67%) Kubernetes
19 2,181 (13.59%) Web Services
20 2,171 (13.52%) Scrum
21 2,082 (12.97%) C++
22 2,056 (12.81%) Jenkins
23 2,048 (12.76%) AngularJS
24 1,988 (12.38%) Degree
25 1,916 (11.94%) .NET
26 1,896 (11.81%) HTML
27 1,856 (11.56%) React
28 1,795 (11.18%) Oracle
29 1,789 (11.15%) Node.js
30 1,753 (10.92%) Java 8

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 702 (4.37%) Apache Spark
2 564 (3.51%) Tomcat
3 468 (2.92%) Apache
4 435 (2.71%) Elasticsearch
5 416 (2.59%) Confluence
6 236 (1.47%) WebSphere
7 213 (1.33%) SharePoint
8 193 (1.20%) JBoss
9 170 (1.06%) CMS
10 160 (1.00%) BizTalk Server
11 118 (0.74%) WebLogic
12 112 (0.70%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 89 (0.55%) IIS
14 87 (0.54%) nginx
15 84 (0.52%) Cloud Foundry
16 82 (0.51%) Apache Airflow
17 81 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 79 (0.49%) SAS
19 66 (0.41%) Apache Solr
19 66 (0.41%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 83 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
2 77 (0.48%) Microsoft Excel
3 35 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
4 29 (0.18%) MS Visio
5 23 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 17 (0.11%) Chatbot
6 17 (0.11%) Photoshop
7 5 (0.031%) Adobe Illustrator
7 5 (0.031%) Sketch
7 5 (0.031%) S-PLUS
8 2 (0.012%) Acrobat
8 2 (0.012%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.006%) Adobe XD
9 1 (0.006%) CPLEX
9 1 (0.006%) InVision
9 1 (0.006%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 187 (1.16%) Dynamics CRM
2 152 (0.95%) Dynamics AX
3 110 (0.69%) FINCAD Analytics
4 41 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
5 34 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
6 32 (0.20%) Magento
6 32 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
7 30 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
8 23 (0.14%) R3 Corda
9 18 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
9 18 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
9 18 (0.11%) SAP CRM
10 17 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 13 (0.081%) Oracle EBS R12
11 13 (0.081%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
12 11 (0.069%) Adobe Campaign
12 11 (0.069%) Remedy ITSM
13 10 (0.062%) thinkFolio
14 9 (0.056%) Documaker
15 8 (0.050%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 4,224 (26.31%) AWS
2 2,257 (14.06%) Azure
3 1,207 (7.52%) GCP
4 626 (3.90%) SaaS
5 498 (3.10%) Serverless
6 463 (2.88%) GitHub
7 337 (2.10%) OpenShift
8 335 (2.09%) Amazon EC2
9 328 (2.04%) Amazon S3
10 286 (1.78%) AWS Lambda
11 213 (1.33%) PaaS
12 194 (1.21%) Amazon SQS
13 187 (1.16%) AWS CloudFormation
14 177 (1.10%) Dynamics 365
15 168 (1.05%) Amazon ECS
16 156 (0.97%) Cloud Computing
17 136 (0.85%) Power Platform
18 114 (0.71%) IaaS
19 91 (0.57%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 76 (0.47%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 257 (1.60%) HTTP
2 228 (1.42%) Internet
3 215 (1.34%) TCP/IP
4 179 (1.12%) Firewall
5 117 (0.73%) DNS
6 68 (0.42%) Wireshark
7 66 (0.41%) SSL
8 49 (0.31%) FTP
9 38 (0.24%) VPN
10 34 (0.21%) SSH
11 31 (0.19%) DHCP
12 30 (0.19%) VoIP
13 29 (0.18%) Broadband
14 28 (0.17%) Network Security
15 27 (0.17%) MQTT
16 20 (0.12%) Software-Defined Networking
17 19 (0.12%) SMTP
17 19 (0.12%) Tactical Data Link
18 18 (0.11%) Skype
18 18 (0.11%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,313 (8.18%) NoSQL
2 1,050 (6.54%) Big Data
3 1,047 (6.52%) SQL Server
4 1,031 (6.42%) PostgreSQL
5 973 (6.06%) MySQL
6 935 (5.82%) Relational Database
7 755 (4.70%) Hadoop
8 679 (4.23%) MongoDB
9 352 (2.19%) Apache Cassandra
10 326 (2.03%) RDBMS
11 317 (1.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 296 (1.84%) Redis
13 283 (1.76%) Data Warehouse
14 249 (1.55%) Amazon RDS
15 237 (1.48%) Amazon Redshift
16 219 (1.36%) Apache Hive
17 211 (1.31%) Oracle Database
18 207 (1.29%) BusinessObjects
19 196 (1.22%) DB2
20 165 (1.03%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 2,195 (13.67%) Git (software)
2 2,056 (12.81%) Jenkins
3 1,285 (8.01%) Selenium
4 1,188 (7.40%) Maven
5 1,107 (6.90%) JIRA
6 871 (5.43%) Cucumber
7 829 (5.16%) JUnit
8 433 (2.70%) WebDriver
9 383 (2.39%) Subversion
10 346 (2.16%) Gradle
11 322 (2.01%) Eclipse
12 300 (1.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 272 (1.69%) JMeter
13 272 (1.69%) TeamCity
14 253 (1.58%) Bitbucket
15 235 (1.46%) SoapUI
16 213 (1.33%) Postman
17 208 (1.30%) GitLab
18 198 (1.23%) Team Foundation Server
19 188 (1.17%) Mockito
General
1 3,800 (23.67%) Finance
2 1,708 (10.64%) Banking
3 853 (5.31%) Front Office
4 686 (4.27%) Retail
5 432 (2.69%) Public Sector
6 387 (2.41%) Investment Banking
7 385 (2.40%) Games
8 374 (2.33%) Marketing
9 240 (1.50%) Telecoms
10 196 (1.22%) Manufacturing
11 194 (1.21%) Law
12 193 (1.20%) Financial Institution
13 146 (0.91%) Back Office
14 138 (0.86%) Electronics
15 131 (0.82%) Advertising
16 121 (0.75%) Legal
17 85 (0.53%) Aerospace
18 73 (0.45%) Automotive
19 67 (0.42%) Military
20 66 (0.41%) Billing
Job Titles
1 7,984 (49.74%) Developer
2 5,011 (31.22%) Java Developer
3 2,009 (12.52%) Software Engineer
4 1,995 (12.43%) Senior Developer
5 1,469 (9.15%) Senior Java Developer
6 1,264 (7.87%) Java Engineer
7 896 (5.58%) Software Developer
8 891 (5.55%) Architect
9 814 (5.07%) Java Software Engineer
10 586 (3.65%) Senior Software Engineer
11 576 (3.59%) DevOps Engineer
12 563 (3.51%) Analyst
13 539 (3.36%) Junior
14 514 (3.20%) Lead Developer
15 494 (3.08%) Full Stack Developer
16 429 (2.67%) AWS Engineer
17 423 (2.64%) AWS Developer
18 397 (2.47%) Junior Developer
19 391 (2.44%) Consultant
20 387 (2.41%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,566 (22.22%) Spring
2 2,181 (13.59%) Web Services
3 2,048 (12.76%) AngularJS
4 1,916 (11.94%) .NET
5 1,896 (11.81%) HTML
6 1,856 (11.56%) React
7 1,789 (11.15%) Node.js
8 1,689 (10.52%) Spring Boot
9 1,581 (9.85%) CSS
10 1,579 (9.84%) RESTful
11 1,472 (9.17%) REST
12 1,037 (6.46%) J2EE
13 1,034 (6.44%) Hibernate
14 990 (6.17%) Kafka
15 802 (5.00%) XML
16 655 (4.08%) HTML5
16 655 (4.08%) SOAP
17 581 (3.62%) JSON
18 405 (2.52%) jQuery
19 390 (2.43%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 965 (6.01%) Greenfield Project
2 881 (5.49%) Analytical Skills
3 646 (4.02%) Derivative
4 629 (3.92%) Mobile App
5 622 (3.87%) User Experience
6 610 (3.80%) Fixed Income
7 594 (3.70%) Hedge funds
8 530 (3.30%) Algorithms
9 471 (2.93%) Enterprise Software
10 455 (2.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 441 (2.75%) Self-Motivation
12 433 (2.70%) Equities
13 369 (2.30%) Data Structures
14 321 (2.00%) Public Cloud
15 258 (1.61%) Cloud Native
16 170 (1.06%) Blog
17 165 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
18 162 (1.01%) Management Information System
19 155 (0.97%) Equity Derivative
20 149 (0.93%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,317 (14.43%) Linux
2 976 (6.08%) Android
3 909 (5.66%) Unix
4 897 (5.59%) Windows
5 672 (4.19%) Apple iOS
6 170 (1.06%) Mac OS X
7 123 (0.77%) Windows Server
8 122 (0.76%) CentOS
9 91 (0.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 64 (0.40%) Ubuntu
11 56 (0.35%) Mac OS
12 44 (0.27%) Debian
13 31 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
14 30 (0.19%) Solaris
15 29 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
16 27 (0.17%) tvOS
17 19 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
18 17 (0.11%) Kali Linux
19 15 (0.093%) Windows 7
20 14 (0.087%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,718 (48.08%) Agile Software Development
2 4,283 (26.68%) Software Engineering
3 3,250 (20.25%) DevOps
4 3,232 (20.13%) Microservices
5 2,763 (17.21%) TDD
6 2,532 (15.77%) Test Automation
7 2,171 (13.52%) Scrum
8 1,738 (10.83%) OO
9 1,654 (10.30%) Continuous Integration
10 1,645 (10.25%) Computer Science
11 1,619 (10.09%) Problem-Solving
12 1,553 (9.67%) BDD
13 1,403 (8.74%) Mentoring
14 1,380 (8.60%) Fintech
15 1,231 (7.67%) Analytics
16 1,141 (7.11%) Open Source
17 1,019 (6.35%) SDLC
18 921 (5.74%) Machine Learning
19 859 (5.35%) Artificial Intelligence
20 842 (5.25%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 4,591 (28.60%) JavaScript
2 4,548 (28.33%) Python
3 3,796 (23.65%) SQL
4 3,313 (20.64%) C#
5 2,082 (12.97%) C++
6 1,753 (10.92%) Java 8
7 1,200 (7.48%) Scala
8 995 (6.20%) Kotlin
9 965 (6.01%) Ruby
10 857 (5.34%) PHP
11 851 (5.30%) C
12 753 (4.69%) Go
13 584 (3.64%) TypeScript
14 501 (3.12%) Bash Shell
15 374 (2.33%) R
16 352 (2.19%) PL/SQL
17 311 (1.94%) Objective-C
18 290 (1.81%) Perl
19 278 (1.73%) Groovy
20 276 (1.72%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 1,988 (12.38%) Degree
2 776 (4.83%) Computer Science Degree
3 754 (4.70%) Security Cleared
4 401 (2.50%) SC Cleared
5 265 (1.65%) DV Cleared
6 205 (1.28%) ISTQB
7 137 (0.85%) ISEB
8 116 (0.72%) Master's Degree
9 106 (0.66%) PhD
10 79 (0.49%) Numerate Degree
11 72 (0.45%) AWS Certification
12 35 (0.22%) Oracle Certification
13 33 (0.21%) HND
14 29 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 28 (0.17%) CISSP
16 24 (0.15%) PMI Certification
16 24 (0.15%) Postgraduate
17 22 (0.14%) CISM
18 20 (0.12%) SANS
19 19 (0.12%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,192 (7.43%) QA
2 61 (0.38%) Data Quality
3 46 (0.29%) SLA
4 42 (0.26%) GDPR
5 32 (0.20%) PCI DSS
6 27 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 12 (0.075%) PMO
8 11 (0.069%) COBIT
9 9 (0.056%) NCSC
10 8 (0.050%) Government Security Classifications
10 8 (0.050%) NIST
11 7 (0.044%) ISO 15022
11 7 (0.044%) ISO 20022
11 7 (0.044%) PA-DSS
11 7 (0.044%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 6 (0.037%) EMIR
12 6 (0.037%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 5 (0.031%) SEPA
14 4 (0.025%) GxP
14 4 (0.025%) MiFID
System Software
1 3,003 (18.71%) Docker
2 106 (0.66%) Active Directory
3 85 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
4 77 (0.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 65 (0.40%) HDFS
6 60 (0.37%) VMware Infrastructure
7 51 (0.32%) Firmware
8 29 (0.18%) vSphere
9 23 (0.14%) Hyper-V
10 19 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
11 17 (0.11%) Postfix
12 16 (0.100%) vCloud
13 14 (0.087%) ACF2
13 14 (0.087%) RACF
14 13 (0.081%) Apache Flume
15 9 (0.056%) NFS
16 6 (0.037%) VirtualBox
17 5 (0.031%) GlusterFS
17 5 (0.031%) LXC
17 5 (0.031%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 2,194 (13.67%) Kubernetes
2 921 (5.74%) Ansible
3 851 (5.30%) Terraform
4 501 (3.12%) Puppet
5 451 (2.81%) Opscode Chef
6 127 (0.79%) Salt
7 98 (0.61%) Grafana
8 88 (0.55%) Kibana
9 86 (0.54%) Prometheus
10 71 (0.44%) Mesos
11 68 (0.42%) Packer
12 61 (0.38%) Docker Swarm
13 57 (0.36%) Istio
14 49 (0.31%) Consul
15 47 (0.29%) Nagios
16 45 (0.28%) HP Quality Center
17 39 (0.24%) Marathon
17 39 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
18 36 (0.22%) Oozie
18 36 (0.22%) Rancher
Vendors
1 1,795 (11.18%) Oracle
2 778 (4.85%) Google
3 628 (3.91%) Microsoft
4 473 (2.95%) SAP
5 234 (1.46%) IBM
6 196 (1.22%) Atlassian
7 192 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
8 161 (1.00%) Red Hat
9 149 (0.93%) Adobe
10 147 (0.92%) MuleSoft
11 138 (0.86%) Bloomberg
12 136 (0.85%) Splunk
13 133 (0.83%) WorldPay
14 126 (0.78%) Tableau
15 120 (0.75%) FIS
16 107 (0.67%) VMware
17 106 (0.66%) Informatica
18 103 (0.64%) HP
19 101 (0.63%) Talend
20 90 (0.56%) Sybase