Period
to 18 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 18 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
18 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 8 9 9
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 +4
Permanent jobs citing Java 21,363 26,786 26,568
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.89% 15.58% 15.44%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.55% 27.79% 27.96%
Number of salaries quoted 16,998 21,414 21,717
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £54,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% +1.85% +2.86%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 77,538 96,404 95,011
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.06% 56.09% 55.21%
Number of salaries quoted 63,492 80,374 80,231
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +0.42%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,000
% change year-on-year - +7.14% +5.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 18 June 2019.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 18 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 19,569 £60,000 +9.09% 2,151
UK excluding London 0 10,845 £50,000 - 1,096
London 0 10,077 £72,000 +6.67% 1,198
South East +4 3,705 £55,000 +4.76% 289
North of England -1 2,313 £50,000 +5.26% 279
South West -3 1,289 £50,000 +5.26% 134
North West -2 1,267 £52,500 +10.53% 144
Midlands -4 1,222 £47,500 - 115
Scotland -1 1,040 £46,500 -7.00% 89
East of England -2 903 £55,000 +10.00% 137
Yorkshire -5 862 £45,000 - 97
East Midlands +3 634 £50,000 +5.26% 48
West Midlands -8 584 £45,000 -5.26% 67
Wales +3 241 £40,000 - 27
North East -1 180 £47,500 +5.56% 38
Northern Ireland -1 160 £42,500 +6.25% 25
Isle of Man - 3 - -
Channel Islands +5 1 £75,000 +7.14% 2

For the 6 months to 18 June 2019, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 10,617 (49.70%) Agile Software Development
2 5,939 (27.80%) Python
3 5,889 (27.57%) JavaScript
4 5,752 (26.93%) Software Engineering
5 5,675 (26.56%) SQL
6 4,766 (22.31%) Spring
7 4,634 (21.69%) Amazon AWS
8 4,553 (21.31%) Finance
9 4,456 (20.86%) C#
10 4,043 (18.93%) DevOps
11 3,753 (17.57%) Linux
12 3,670 (17.18%) TDD
13 3,565 (16.69%) Test Automation
14 3,508 (16.42%) Microservices
15 3,434 (16.07%) Docker
16 3,281 (15.36%) C++
17 3,176 (14.87%) Degree
18 3,093 (14.48%) Scrum
19 2,992 (14.01%) HTML
20 2,963 (13.87%) Git (software)
21 2,783 (13.03%) Jenkins
22 2,760 (12.92%) Continuous Integration
23 2,624 (12.28%) AngularJS
24 2,620 (12.26%) Web Services
25 2,583 (12.09%) .NET
26 2,545 (11.91%) Oracle
27 2,337 (10.94%) OO
28 2,321 (10.86%) CSS
29 2,313 (10.83%) Computer Science
30 2,244 (10.50%) Microsoft Azure

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,142 (5.35%) Apache Spark
2 926 (4.33%) Tomcat
3 876 (4.10%) Apache
4 750 (3.51%) Elasticsearch
5 705 (3.30%) Confluence
6 509 (2.38%) JBoss
7 374 (1.75%) WebSphere
8 295 (1.38%) WebLogic
9 187 (0.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 182 (0.85%) Apache Pig
11 180 (0.84%) CMS
12 179 (0.84%) SharePoint
13 178 (0.83%) IIS
14 167 (0.78%) Oracle Workflow
15 165 (0.77%) Apache Solr
16 132 (0.62%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 132 (0.62%) SAS
17 121 (0.57%) BizTalk Server
18 116 (0.54%) nginx
19 85 (0.40%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 146 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
2 136 (0.64%) Microsoft Office
3 48 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 36 (0.17%) Chatbot
5 25 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
6 23 (0.11%) Photoshop
7 17 (0.080%) MS Visio
8 16 (0.075%) Fireworks
9 15 (0.070%) Adobe Illustrator
10 12 (0.056%) Sketch
11 10 (0.047%) Spreadsheet
12 9 (0.042%) Maple
13 8 (0.037%) SPSS
13 8 (0.037%) Weka
14 7 (0.033%) Adobe XD
14 7 (0.033%) Simulink
15 6 (0.028%) Acrobat
15 6 (0.028%) EngageOne
15 6 (0.028%) InVision
16 5 (0.023%) Marvel
Business Applications
1 126 (0.59%) Dynamics CRM
2 117 (0.55%) thinkFolio
3 101 (0.47%) Dynamics AX
4 85 (0.40%) Payment Gateway
5 54 (0.25%) Magento
6 51 (0.24%) Front Arena
6 51 (0.24%) Markit EDM
6 51 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
7 50 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
8 44 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 36 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
10 34 (0.16%) Oracle EBS R12
11 31 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
12 30 (0.14%) Summit
13 29 (0.14%) SDL Web 8
14 25 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
15 24 (0.11%) R3 Corda
16 22 (0.10%) Temenos T24
17 21 (0.098%) Oracle ERP
18 18 (0.084%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 4,634 (21.69%) Amazon AWS
2 2,244 (10.50%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,265 (5.92%) Google Cloud Platform
4 925 (4.33%) SaaS
5 590 (2.76%) GitHub
6 553 (2.59%) Serverless
7 427 (2.00%) Cloud Computing
8 368 (1.72%) Amazon EC2
9 366 (1.71%) OpenShift
10 327 (1.53%) AWS Lambda
11 323 (1.51%) Amazon S3
12 306 (1.43%) PaaS
13 277 (1.30%) AWS CloudFormation
14 189 (0.88%) Power Platform
15 188 (0.88%) IaaS
16 171 (0.80%) Amazon ECS
17 140 (0.66%) Amazon SQS
18 138 (0.65%) npm
19 113 (0.53%) IBM Cloud
19 113 (0.53%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 390 (1.83%) HTTP
2 355 (1.66%) Internet
3 265 (1.24%) TCP/IP
4 209 (0.98%) Firewall
5 152 (0.71%) DNS
6 95 (0.44%) SSL
7 86 (0.40%) Broadband
8 80 (0.37%) Bluetooth
9 78 (0.37%) Network Security
10 75 (0.35%) Wireless
11 57 (0.27%) VPN
12 56 (0.26%) HTTPS
13 53 (0.25%) SSH
14 41 (0.19%) VoIP
15 40 (0.19%) WAN
16 38 (0.18%) FTP
17 35 (0.16%) AMQP
17 35 (0.16%) Ethernet
18 34 (0.16%) DHCP
19 31 (0.15%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,871 (8.76%) Big Data
2 1,733 (8.11%) NoSQL
3 1,609 (7.53%) SQL Server
4 1,378 (6.45%) MySQL
5 1,279 (5.99%) Hadoop
6 1,233 (5.77%) Relational Database
7 1,187 (5.56%) MongoDB
8 1,110 (5.20%) PostgreSQL
9 676 (3.16%) Apache Cassandra
10 508 (2.38%) RDBMS
11 470 (2.20%) Apache Hive
12 409 (1.91%) HBase
13 395 (1.85%) Redis
14 385 (1.80%) Oracle Database
15 375 (1.76%) Amazon Redshift
16 369 (1.73%) Data Warehouse
17 298 (1.39%) Blockchain
18 235 (1.10%) Amazon RDS
19 211 (0.99%) Impala
20 207 (0.97%) DB2
Development Applications
1 2,963 (13.87%) Git (software)
2 2,783 (13.03%) Jenkins
3 1,939 (9.08%) Selenium
4 1,804 (8.44%) JIRA
5 1,726 (8.08%) Maven
6 1,363 (6.38%) Cucumber
7 1,150 (5.38%) JUnit
8 642 (3.01%) Gradle
9 626 (2.93%) Subversion
10 614 (2.87%) WebDriver
11 496 (2.32%) TeamCity
12 434 (2.03%) Eclipse
13 417 (1.95%) JMeter
14 414 (1.94%) SoapUI
15 410 (1.92%) Bitbucket
16 383 (1.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 347 (1.62%) Mockito
18 298 (1.39%) Team Foundation Server
19 264 (1.24%) Visual Studio
20 263 (1.23%) Appium
General
1 4,553 (21.31%) Finance
2 1,805 (8.45%) Banking
3 956 (4.48%) Retail
4 737 (3.45%) Front Office
5 625 (2.93%) Games
6 548 (2.57%) Marketing
7 545 (2.55%) Telecoms
8 359 (1.68%) Law
9 298 (1.39%) Investment Banking
10 288 (1.35%) Manufacturing
11 230 (1.08%) Financial Institution
12 212 (0.99%) Electronics
13 173 (0.81%) Advertising
14 172 (0.81%) Legal
15 166 (0.78%) Back Office
16 143 (0.67%) Publishing
17 139 (0.65%) Military
18 109 (0.51%) Aerospace
19 103 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
20 102 (0.48%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 10,395 (48.66%) Developer
2 6,435 (30.12%) Java Developer
3 2,563 (12.00%) Software Engineer
4 2,058 (9.63%) Senior Developer
5 1,600 (7.49%) Java Engineer
6 1,447 (6.77%) Senior Java Developer
7 1,354 (6.34%) Architect
8 1,265 (5.92%) Software Developer
9 941 (4.40%) Java Software Engineer
10 894 (4.18%) Analyst
11 821 (3.84%) DevOps Engineer
12 769 (3.60%) Junior
13 661 (3.09%) Senior Software Engineer
14 647 (3.03%) Test Engineer
15 635 (2.97%) Lead Developer
16 616 (2.88%) Graduate
17 591 (2.77%) Data Engineer
18 560 (2.62%) Consultant
19 545 (2.55%) Solutions Architect
20 537 (2.51%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,766 (22.31%) Spring
2 2,992 (14.01%) HTML
3 2,624 (12.28%) AngularJS
4 2,620 (12.26%) Web Services
5 2,583 (12.09%) .NET
6 2,321 (10.86%) CSS
7 1,988 (9.31%) RESTful
8 1,946 (9.11%) REST
9 1,920 (8.99%) Node.js
10 1,787 (8.36%) Spring Boot
11 1,769 (8.28%) React
12 1,541 (7.21%) Hibernate
13 1,455 (6.81%) XML
14 1,301 (6.09%) Kafka
15 1,282 (6.00%) J2EE
16 1,079 (5.05%) JSON
17 982 (4.60%) SOAP
18 978 (4.58%) HTML5
19 714 (3.34%) jQuery
20 693 (3.24%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 1,369 (6.41%) Analytical Skills
2 1,316 (6.16%) Greenfield Project
3 896 (4.19%) Algorithms
4 894 (4.18%) User Experience
5 752 (3.52%) Mobile App
6 663 (3.10%) Enterprise Software
7 555 (2.60%) Derivative
8 529 (2.48%) Fixed Income
9 505 (2.36%) Self-Motivation
10 468 (2.19%) Data Structures
11 453 (2.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 403 (1.89%) Hedge funds
13 359 (1.68%) Equities
14 347 (1.62%) Public Cloud
15 291 (1.36%) Cloud Native
16 242 (1.13%) Management Information System
17 233 (1.09%) Linux Command Line
18 221 (1.03%) Virtual Team
19 220 (1.03%) Robotics
20 167 (0.78%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 3,753 (17.57%) Linux
2 1,449 (6.78%) Windows
3 1,328 (6.22%) Unix
4 1,093 (5.12%) Android
5 696 (3.26%) Apple iOS
6 257 (1.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 188 (0.88%) Windows Server
8 170 (0.80%) CentOS
9 145 (0.68%) Ubuntu
10 74 (0.35%) Mac OS
11 57 (0.27%) Windows 10
12 49 (0.23%) AIX
13 48 (0.22%) Solaris
14 47 (0.22%) Debian
15 40 (0.19%) Fedora
16 35 (0.16%) Mesosphere
17 34 (0.16%) Windows 7
17 34 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
18 32 (0.15%) SUSE
19 30 (0.14%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,617 (49.70%) Agile Software Development
2 5,752 (26.93%) Software Engineering
3 4,043 (18.93%) DevOps
4 3,670 (17.18%) TDD
5 3,565 (16.69%) Test Automation
6 3,508 (16.42%) Microservices
7 3,093 (14.48%) Scrum
8 2,760 (12.92%) Continuous Integration
9 2,337 (10.94%) OO
10 2,313 (10.83%) Computer Science
11 2,138 (10.01%) BDD
12 1,984 (9.29%) Problem-Solving
13 1,938 (9.07%) Mentoring
14 1,800 (8.43%) SDLC
15 1,698 (7.95%) Analytics
16 1,666 (7.80%) Open Source
17 1,569 (7.34%) Fintech
18 1,444 (6.76%) Machine Learning
19 1,139 (5.33%) Continuous Delivery
20 1,091 (5.11%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 5,939 (27.80%) Python
2 5,889 (27.57%) JavaScript
3 5,675 (26.56%) SQL
4 4,456 (20.86%) C#
5 3,281 (15.36%) C++
6 2,134 (9.99%) Java 8
7 1,788 (8.37%) Scala
8 1,334 (6.24%) C
9 1,265 (5.92%) Ruby
10 1,130 (5.29%) PHP
11 903 (4.23%) Go
12 722 (3.38%) Bash Shell
13 709 (3.32%) Kotlin
14 578 (2.71%) Perl
15 568 (2.66%) TypeScript
16 561 (2.63%) PL/SQL
17 418 (1.96%) PowerShell
18 412 (1.93%) Objective-C
19 408 (1.91%) R
20 388 (1.82%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 3,176 (14.87%) Degree
2 1,162 (5.44%) Security Cleared
3 979 (4.58%) Computer Science Degree
4 629 (2.94%) SC Cleared
5 436 (2.04%) DV Cleared
6 352 (1.65%) PhD
7 299 (1.40%) ISTQB
8 216 (1.01%) Numerate Degree
9 187 (0.88%) ISEB
10 100 (0.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 95 (0.44%) Master's Degree
12 89 (0.42%) AWS Certification
13 81 (0.38%) CISSP
14 60 (0.28%) BPSS Clearance
15 58 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
15 58 (0.27%) Oracle Certification
16 50 (0.23%) OCP
17 44 (0.21%) CEH
18 39 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
19 36 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,954 (9.15%) QA
2 157 (0.73%) GDPR
3 137 (0.64%) SLA
4 92 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 83 (0.39%) Data Quality
6 35 (0.16%) MiFID
7 33 (0.15%) HIPAA
8 30 (0.14%) WAI
9 29 (0.14%) PSD2
10 28 (0.13%) COBIT
10 28 (0.13%) PCI DSS
11 21 (0.098%) Cyber Essentials
12 18 (0.084%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 17 (0.080%) HL7
13 17 (0.080%) HMG Infosec
13 17 (0.080%) JSP 440
14 16 (0.075%) PMO
15 14 (0.066%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 13 (0.061%) IFRS
16 13 (0.061%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 3,434 (16.07%) Docker
2 246 (1.15%) Active Directory
3 162 (0.76%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 131 (0.61%) Apache Flume
5 128 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
6 119 (0.56%) HDFS
7 89 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
8 80 (0.37%) Firmware
9 61 (0.29%) vSphere
10 60 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
11 57 (0.27%) Hyper-V
12 36 (0.17%) VirtualBox
13 22 (0.10%) XenApp
14 20 (0.094%) etcd
15 12 (0.056%) Squid
16 11 (0.051%) GridGain
16 11 (0.051%) Varnish
16 11 (0.051%) vCloud
17 10 (0.047%) Forefront TMG
17 10 (0.047%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 2,079 (9.73%) Kubernetes
2 1,373 (6.43%) Ansible
3 937 (4.39%) Terraform
4 933 (4.37%) Puppet
5 813 (3.81%) Opscode Chef
6 207 (0.97%) Prometheus
7 188 (0.88%) Oozie
8 151 (0.71%) Hadoop YARN
9 129 (0.60%) Salt
10 123 (0.58%) Consul
10 123 (0.58%) HP Quality Center
11 119 (0.56%) Kibana
12 111 (0.52%) Grafana
13 109 (0.51%) Packer
14 107 (0.50%) Mesos
15 72 (0.34%) Marathon
16 68 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
17 65 (0.30%) Ambari
18 60 (0.28%) HP ALM
19 58 (0.27%) Nagios
Vendors
1 2,545 (11.91%) Oracle
2 1,226 (5.74%) Microsoft
3 963 (4.51%) Google
4 495 (2.32%) SAP
5 458 (2.14%) IBM
6 336 (1.57%) Salesforce.com
7 334 (1.56%) Red Hat
8 279 (1.31%) Cloudera
9 263 (1.23%) Splunk
10 261 (1.22%) Tableau
11 260 (1.22%) Atlassian
12 210 (0.98%) WorldPay
13 199 (0.93%) Adobe
14 176 (0.82%) Bloomberg
15 170 (0.80%) VMware
16 166 (0.78%) Reuters
17 154 (0.72%) HP
18 145 (0.68%) Talend
19 142 (0.66%) Hortonworks
20 132 (0.62%) MuleSoft