Java
UK

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 29 May 2024 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

6 months to
29 May 2024
Same period 2023 Same period 2022
Rank 28 18 15
Rank change year-on-year -10 -3 -1
Permanent jobs citing Java 6,845 10,075 24,424
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 6.63% 10.37% 14.66%
As % of the Programming Languages category 20.32% 24.15% 27.04%
Number of salaries quoted 3,916 5,947 9,822
10th Percentile £38,720 £46,250 £42,500
25th Percentile £50,000 £57,500 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £77,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year -9.68% +10.71% +7.69%
75th Percentile £97,500 £102,500 £93,750
90th Percentile £128,125 £125,500 £115,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £65,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year -7.69% +13.04% +4.55%

All Programming Languages
UK

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 33,687 41,724 90,340
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 32.62% 42.94% 54.23%
Number of salaries quoted 25,114 26,852 43,374
10th Percentile £35,000 £38,750 £37,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £48,750 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year -7.69% +4.00% +13.64%
75th Percentile £77,500 £86,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £98,750 £107,500 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £53,635 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year -2.48% +4.76% +5.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 29 May 2024.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 29 May 2024. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -17 4,639 £73,805 -7.74% 1,084
UK excluding London -3 4,523 £60,000 -7.69% 648
Work from Home -15 2,341 £75,000 - 653
London -4 2,123 £95,000 +5.56% 546
Scotland +10 1,917 £55,000 -20.80% 84
South East -9 866 £60,000 -7.69% 118
North of England -24 649 £62,500 -3.85% 135
South West -9 589 £57,500 -6.69% 127
North West -12 469 £61,250 -9.26% 93
Midlands -56 272 £55,000 -8.33% 92
West Midlands -29 190 £56,000 -6.67% 62
Yorkshire -60 132 £65,000 - 28
East of England -79 114 £62,500 -10.71% 46
East Midlands -82 81 £52,500 -11.02% 29
Wales -19 78 £50,000 -5.64% 12
North East -41 48 £65,232 +2.33% 14
Northern Ireland -29 39 £85,000 +70.00% 41

Java
Co-occurring Skills and Capabilities by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same employment type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 598 (8.74%) Apache Spark
2 541 (7.90%) Apache
3 375 (5.48%) Apache Airflow
4 106 (1.55%) FileNet
5 103 (1.50%) Confluence
6 56 (0.82%) nginx
7 55 (0.80%) Camunda
8 53 (0.77%) Tomcat
9 50 (0.73%) Microsoft Exchange
10 41 (0.60%) Cloud Foundry
11 38 (0.56%) OpenStack
11 38 (0.56%) Tuxedo
12 35 (0.51%) IIS
13 29 (0.42%) WebLogic
14 26 (0.38%) SharePoint
15 23 (0.34%) JBoss
16 22 (0.32%) GemFire
16 22 (0.32%) WebSphere
17 14 (0.20%) Oracle Workflow
18 11 (0.16%) CICS
Applications
1 41 (0.60%) Simulink
2 26 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 10 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
5 8 (0.12%) MS Visio
6 7 (0.10%) Adobe XD
7 4 (0.058%) Adobe Illustrator
7 4 (0.058%) CANalyzer
7 4 (0.058%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.015%) CATIA
8 1 (0.015%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.015%) Notion
8 1 (0.015%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 43 (0.63%) Endur
2 21 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
3 14 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
4 7 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
5 6 (0.088%) NEC Housing
5 6 (0.088%) SAP ERP
5 6 (0.088%) SAP S/4HANA
6 5 (0.073%) OpenLink RightAngle
6 5 (0.073%) Oracle Receivables
6 5 (0.073%) Teamcenter
7 4 (0.058%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.058%) Sonata
8 3 (0.044%) Oracle Applications
9 2 (0.029%) Adaptiv
9 2 (0.029%) Dynamics NAV
9 2 (0.029%) Oracle EBS R12
9 2 (0.029%) Shopify
9 2 (0.029%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 1 (0.015%) Oracle Payables
10 1 (0.015%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 3,163 (46.21%) AWS
2 1,318 (19.25%) Azure
3 664 (9.70%) GCP
4 519 (7.58%) Serverless
5 343 (5.01%) dbt
6 333 (4.86%) Snowflake
7 271 (3.96%) Amazon S3
8 256 (3.74%) AWS Lambda
9 249 (3.64%) SaaS
10 220 (3.21%) Amazon EKS
11 217 (3.17%) GitHub
12 208 (3.04%) Azure DevOps
13 195 (2.85%) OpenShift
14 194 (2.83%) Amazon ECS
15 185 (2.70%) IBM Cloud
16 165 (2.41%) Amazon EC2
17 157 (2.29%) Amazon SQS
18 146 (2.13%) Azure Functions
19 137 (2.00%) Azure Service Bus
20 132 (1.93%) Azure Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 105 (1.53%) TCP/IP
2 94 (1.37%) DNS
3 73 (1.07%) HTTP
4 62 (0.91%) Firewall
5 51 (0.75%) DHCP
6 41 (0.60%) AMQP
7 30 (0.44%) WAN
8 27 (0.39%) Network Security
9 23 (0.34%) Internet
10 19 (0.28%) SNMP
11 18 (0.26%) Kerberos
12 17 (0.25%) DSL
12 17 (0.25%) Modbus
12 17 (0.25%) SSH
13 13 (0.19%) MQTT
14 12 (0.18%) Wireless
15 11 (0.16%) VPN
16 10 (0.15%) FTP
16 10 (0.15%) LAN
17 8 (0.12%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,026 (14.99%) NoSQL
2 600 (8.77%) Relational Database
3 566 (8.27%) PostgreSQL
4 563 (8.22%) Big Data
5 501 (7.32%) MongoDB
6 425 (6.21%) Data Lake
7 363 (5.30%) Hadoop
8 341 (4.98%) Amazon Athena
9 326 (4.76%) Dremio
10 318 (4.65%) Apache Arrow
11 312 (4.56%) SQL Server
12 293 (4.28%) MySQL
13 265 (3.87%) Apache Ignite
14 254 (3.71%) Elasticsearch
15 190 (2.78%) DB2
16 171 (2.50%) Apache Cassandra
17 149 (2.18%) RDBMS
18 113 (1.65%) Amazon RDS
18 113 (1.65%) Apache Hive
19 95 (1.39%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 617 (9.01%) Jenkins
2 597 (8.72%) Git
3 372 (5.43%) JUnit
4 259 (3.78%) Selenium
5 243 (3.55%) JIRA
6 212 (3.10%) GitLab
7 190 (2.78%) Cucumber
8 179 (2.62%) Maven
9 144 (2.10%) Cypress.io
10 108 (1.58%) Jasmine
10 108 (1.58%) WebDriver
11 101 (1.48%) Postman
12 84 (1.23%) JMeter
13 79 (1.15%) Mockito
14 73 (1.07%) Gradle
15 69 (1.01%) Visual Studio
16 68 (0.99%) Protractor
17 60 (0.88%) Bitbucket Server
17 60 (0.88%) Karma Test Runner
18 57 (0.83%) Bitbucket
General
1 2,833 (41.39%) Finance
2 1,953 (28.53%) Inclusion and Diversity
3 1,745 (25.49%) Law
4 1,060 (15.49%) Social Skills
5 963 (14.07%) Banking
6 845 (12.34%) Marketing
7 618 (9.03%) Investment Banking
8 548 (8.01%) Legal
9 473 (6.91%) Front Office
10 443 (6.47%) Public Sector
11 387 (5.65%) Analytical Skills
12 211 (3.08%) Financial Institution
13 191 (2.79%) Influencing Skills
14 109 (1.59%) Aerospace
15 105 (1.53%) Games
16 101 (1.48%) Retail
17 88 (1.29%) Electronics
18 72 (1.05%) Private Banking
19 62 (0.91%) Telecoms
20 59 (0.86%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 2,571 (37.56%) Software Engineer
2 2,026 (29.60%) Developer
3 1,366 (19.96%) Senior
4 1,300 (18.99%) Java Engineer
5 1,279 (18.69%) Lead
6 1,122 (16.39%) Java Software Engineer
7 971 (14.19%) Java Developer
8 613 (8.96%) Lead Software Engineer
9 495 (7.23%) Senior Software Engineer
10 426 (6.22%) Senior Developer
11 414 (6.05%) Full Stack Engineer
12 410 (5.99%) AWS Engineer
13 398 (5.81%) Full Stack Developer
14 346 (5.05%) Lead Java Engineer
15 337 (4.92%) Software Developer
16 330 (4.82%) Architect
16 330 (4.82%) Full Stack Software Engineer
17 308 (4.50%) Big Data Engineer
18 281 (4.11%) AWS Software Engineer
18 281 (4.11%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,554 (22.70%) Spring
2 1,174 (17.15%) React
3 1,005 (14.68%) Spring Boot
4 905 (13.22%) AngularJS
5 760 (11.10%) Kafka
6 728 (10.64%) Node.js
7 727 (10.62%) HTML
8 709 (10.36%) REST
9 647 (9.45%) CSS
10 531 (7.76%) .NET
11 448 (6.54%) Web Services
12 409 (5.98%) Hibernate
13 387 (5.65%) RESTful
14 376 (5.49%) J2EE
15 362 (5.29%) gRPC
16 328 (4.79%) jQuery
17 320 (4.67%) Protocol Buffers
18 318 (4.65%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 315 (4.60%) JSON
20 279 (4.08%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 845 (12.34%) Algorithms
2 756 (11.04%) Cloud Native
3 399 (5.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 375 (5.48%) Hedge funds
5 340 (4.97%) Data Structures
6 331 (4.84%) Fixed Income
7 313 (4.57%) Equities
8 308 (4.50%) Public Cloud
9 290 (4.24%) Derivative
10 213 (3.11%) Onboarding
11 206 (3.01%) Blockchain
12 200 (2.92%) Distributed Systems
13 199 (2.91%) Hybrid Cloud
14 166 (2.43%) Greenfield Project
15 160 (2.34%) Management Information System
16 154 (2.25%) Product Ownership
17 148 (2.16%) Private Cloud
18 141 (2.06%) Enterprise Software
19 89 (1.30%) Self-Motivation
20 81 (1.18%) Distributed Applications
Operating Systems
1 921 (13.46%) Linux
2 417 (6.09%) Windows
3 248 (3.62%) Android
4 244 (3.56%) Unix
5 195 (2.85%) Apple iOS
6 120 (1.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 68 (0.99%) CentOS
8 54 (0.79%) Ubuntu
9 39 (0.57%) Windows Server
10 38 (0.56%) Embedded Linux
11 31 (0.45%) Debian
12 23 (0.34%) AIX
13 10 (0.15%) VMS
13 10 (0.15%) Windows 10
14 9 (0.13%) Mac OS
15 8 (0.12%) Oracle Linux
16 5 (0.073%) Mac OS X
16 5 (0.073%) Solaris
17 3 (0.044%) FreeBSD
17 3 (0.044%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,611 (52.75%) Agile
2 3,558 (51.98%) Software Engineering
3 2,216 (32.37%) CI/CD
4 1,912 (27.93%) SDLC
5 1,462 (21.36%) Artificial Intelligence
6 1,397 (20.41%) Microservices
7 1,288 (18.82%) Operational Stability
8 1,286 (18.79%) Machine Learning
9 1,210 (17.68%) DevOps
10 1,150 (16.80%) Problem-Solving
11 1,104 (16.13%) Full Stack Development
12 833 (12.17%) Community of Practice
13 806 (11.78%) TDD
14 781 (11.41%) Continuous Improvement
15 773 (11.29%) Computer Science
16 755 (11.03%) Mentoring
17 725 (10.59%) Test Automation
18 631 (9.22%) Visualisation
19 603 (8.81%) Decision-Making
20 588 (8.59%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 2,507 (36.63%) Python
2 2,090 (30.53%) SQL
3 1,766 (25.80%) JavaScript
4 830 (12.13%) C#
5 820 (11.98%) TypeScript
6 603 (8.81%) Scala
7 421 (6.15%) C++
8 414 (6.05%) Kotlin
9 341 (4.98%) Go
10 322 (4.70%) C
11 165 (2.41%) PL/SQL
12 145 (2.12%) Bash
13 144 (2.10%) PowerShell
14 130 (1.90%) Shell Script
15 129 (1.88%) Ruby
16 118 (1.72%) PHP
17 86 (1.26%) Rust
18 80 (1.17%) Perl
19 65 (0.95%) Groovy
19 65 (0.95%) VB
Qualifications
1 796 (11.63%) Degree
2 785 (11.47%) Security Cleared
3 511 (7.47%) SC Cleared
4 387 (5.65%) Computer Science Degree
5 188 (2.75%) DV Cleared
6 130 (1.90%) Master's Degree
7 88 (1.29%) AWS Certification
8 82 (1.20%) PhD
9 47 (0.69%) BPSS Clearance
10 40 (0.58%) Azure Certification
11 31 (0.45%) AWS Certified Solutions Architect
12 21 (0.31%) AWS Certified Developer
13 20 (0.29%) DBS Check
14 17 (0.25%) HNC
15 12 (0.18%) ISTQB
16 11 (0.16%) PMI Certification
17 10 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
18 9 (0.13%) CISSP
18 9 (0.13%) OSCP
19 8 (0.12%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 294 (4.30%) QA
2 216 (3.16%) Data Quality
3 86 (1.26%) SLA
4 57 (0.83%) Accessibility
5 30 (0.44%) GDPR
6 9 (0.13%) PCI DSS
6 9 (0.13%) PMO
7 8 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 7 (0.10%) Cyber Essentials
8 7 (0.10%) NIST
9 6 (0.088%) ISO 9001
9 6 (0.088%) TickIT
10 5 (0.073%) SEPA
11 4 (0.058%) COBIT
11 4 (0.058%) ISO 26262
11 4 (0.058%) MiFID
12 3 (0.044%) HIPAA
12 3 (0.044%) Software Quality Assurance
13 2 (0.029%) Def Stans
13 2 (0.029%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 984 (14.38%) Docker
2 88 (1.29%) HDFS
3 75 (1.10%) Hyper-V
4 62 (0.91%) VMware Infrastructure
5 42 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
6 31 (0.45%) Active Directory
7 26 (0.38%) Firmware
8 21 (0.31%) Virtual Servers
9 20 (0.29%) VMware NSX
10 11 (0.16%) Embedded Firmware
10 11 (0.16%) Time Sharing Option
11 9 (0.13%) KVM
11 9 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.044%) VirtualBox
13 2 (0.029%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 1 (0.015%) Dovecot
14 1 (0.015%) GridGain
14 1 (0.015%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 1 (0.015%) Postfix
14 1 (0.015%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 1,296 (18.93%) Kubernetes
2 751 (10.97%) Terraform
3 338 (4.94%) Ansible
4 193 (2.82%) Grafana
5 143 (2.09%) Prometheus
6 114 (1.67%) Puppet
7 46 (0.67%) Progress Chef
8 45 (0.66%) Kibana
9 38 (0.56%) Single Sign-On
10 26 (0.38%) ITRS Geneos
10 26 (0.38%) OpenSSO
11 22 (0.32%) HAProxy
12 21 (0.31%) Zipkin
13 14 (0.20%) Packer
13 14 (0.20%) Salt
14 13 (0.19%) WMI
15 9 (0.13%) Kiali
16 7 (0.10%) Control-M
16 7 (0.10%) Graphite
17 6 (0.088%) CloudHub
Vendors
1 800 (11.69%) Oracle
2 290 (4.24%) Google
3 279 (4.08%) Red Hat
4 275 (4.02%) Microsoft
5 218 (3.18%) IBM
6 192 (2.80%) Splunk
7 170 (2.48%) Databricks
8 154 (2.25%) Dynatrace
9 96 (1.40%) Sybase
10 86 (1.26%) Cloudera
10 86 (1.26%) VMware
11 61 (0.89%) Informatica
12 59 (0.86%) SAP
13 57 (0.83%) Alteryx
14 53 (0.77%) SaltStack
15 50 (0.73%) TIBCO
16 45 (0.66%) YouTube
17 43 (0.63%) Atlassian
17 43 (0.63%) Micro Focus
17 43 (0.63%) OpenLink