Period
to 19 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 19 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
19 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 9 9 13
Rank change year-on-year 0 +4 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 26,965 26,130 29,149
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.21% 15.19% 14.22%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.12% 27.85% 27.35%
Number of salaries quoted 22,166 21,900 24,989
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +6.38% +4.44% +5.88%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 99,433 93,828 106,577
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 56.08% 54.55% 52.00%
Number of salaries quoted 83,625 80,109 91,971
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £28,000
90th Percentile £78,750 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £44,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 19 April 2018.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 19 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 25,308 £55,000 - 3,409
UK excluding London +2 14,455 £50,000 +6.38% 2,041
London 0 12,149 £65,000 - 1,596
South East +2 4,205 £50,000 +5.26% 584
North of England +1 3,595 £47,500 - 495
East of England 0 1,999 £50,000 +9.89% 244
North West +4 1,984 £47,500 - 256
Midlands +2 1,722 £45,000 - 248
South West -7 1,579 £47,500 +5.56% 240
Yorkshire 0 1,310 £47,500 - 176
Scotland 0 1,077 £50,000 +5.26% 156
West Midlands +2 887 £45,000 - 152
East Midlands +3 835 £46,000 +2.22% 96
North East -1 302 £44,250 +18.00% 63
Wales 0 205 £40,000 -8.05% 36
Northern Ireland -1 92 £40,000 -11.11% 38
Channel Islands +3 4 £70,000 -

For the 6 months to 19 April 2018, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 13,377 (49.61%) Agile Software Development
2 8,260 (30.63%) JavaScript
3 7,123 (26.42%) SQL
4 6,555 (24.31%) Python
5 6,272 (23.26%) Spring
6 6,268 (23.24%) Software Engineering
7 6,078 (22.54%) Finance
8 5,896 (21.87%) TDD
9 5,235 (19.41%) HTML
10 5,075 (18.82%) C#
11 4,921 (18.25%) Linux
12 4,686 (17.38%) Degree
13 4,557 (16.90%) Scrum
14 4,512 (16.73%) Amazon AWS
15 4,478 (16.61%) Test Automation
16 4,356 (16.15%) Web Services
17 4,055 (15.04%) CSS
18 3,997 (14.82%) DevOps
19 3,775 (14.00%) AngularJS
20 3,692 (13.69%) Continuous Integration
21 3,630 (13.46%) C++
22 3,522 (13.06%) OO
23 3,430 (12.72%) Oracle
24 3,386 (12.56%) Git (software)
25 3,338 (12.38%) Microservices
26 3,250 (12.05%) Jenkins
27 3,201 (11.87%) BDD
28 3,178 (11.79%) .NET
29 3,157 (11.71%) Computer Science
30 3,093 (11.47%) PHP

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,608 (5.96%) Tomcat
2 1,275 (4.73%) Apache Spark
3 1,180 (4.38%) Apache
4 1,003 (3.72%) JBoss
5 892 (3.31%) Elasticsearch
6 771 (2.86%) Confluence
7 585 (2.17%) WebSphere
8 404 (1.50%) WebLogic
9 349 (1.29%) CMS
10 344 (1.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 293 (1.09%) Apache Solr
12 283 (1.05%) nginx
13 237 (0.88%) IIS
14 196 (0.73%) SAS
15 182 (0.67%) Apache Pig
16 173 (0.64%) OpenStack
17 164 (0.61%) Jetty
18 162 (0.60%) Mule
19 148 (0.55%) SharePoint
20 128 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 155 (0.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 119 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
3 93 (0.34%) Photoshop
4 53 (0.20%) SPSS
5 51 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 51 (0.19%) MS Visio
6 29 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
7 24 (0.089%) Adobe Illustrator
8 15 (0.056%) Mathematica
9 13 (0.048%) Chatbot
10 12 (0.045%) Spreadsheet
10 12 (0.045%) Weka
11 11 (0.041%) GNU Octave
11 11 (0.041%) HipChat
12 5 (0.019%) SOLIDWORKS
13 4 (0.015%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 4 (0.015%) FreeHand
13 4 (0.015%) Mingle
14 3 (0.011%) Adobe Premiere
14 3 (0.011%) Blender
Business Applications
1 146 (0.54%) SAP Hybris
2 97 (0.36%) Magento
3 84 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
4 81 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
5 42 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
6 36 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
7 33 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 32 (0.12%) SAP ERP
9 30 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
9 30 (0.11%) Ripple
10 29 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
11 28 (0.10%) BusinessWare
12 27 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
13 25 (0.093%) NetSuite
14 22 (0.082%) Oracle ERP
14 22 (0.082%) thinkFolio
15 21 (0.078%) MetaTrader
16 17 (0.063%) Oracle Payables
16 17 (0.063%) Oracle Receivables
16 17 (0.063%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 4,512 (16.73%) Amazon AWS
2 1,586 (5.88%) Microsoft Azure
3 880 (3.26%) SaaS
4 702 (2.60%) GitHub
5 513 (1.90%) Google Cloud Platform
6 402 (1.49%) Cloud Computing
7 394 (1.46%) Amazon EC2
8 377 (1.40%) PaaS
9 291 (1.08%) OpenShift
10 268 (0.99%) IaaS
11 267 (0.99%) AWS CloudFormation
12 250 (0.93%) Amazon S3
13 219 (0.81%) Serverless
14 125 (0.46%) AWS Lambda
15 120 (0.45%) Slack
16 102 (0.38%) Amazon EMR
17 99 (0.37%) npm
17 99 (0.37%) Office 365
18 98 (0.36%) Amazon Kinesis
19 87 (0.32%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 724 (2.68%) HTTP
2 575 (2.13%) Internet
3 368 (1.36%) TCP/IP
4 260 (0.96%) Firewall
5 231 (0.86%) DNS
6 216 (0.80%) SSL
7 172 (0.64%) VPN
8 117 (0.43%) FTP
9 110 (0.41%) Wireless
10 92 (0.34%) SMS
11 77 (0.29%) AMQP
12 61 (0.23%) DHCP
13 59 (0.22%) Network Security
14 56 (0.21%) SSH
15 50 (0.19%) SNMP
16 45 (0.17%) Wi-Fi
17 43 (0.16%) SMTP
18 42 (0.16%) SAN
18 42 (0.16%) WAN
19 40 (0.15%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,602 (9.65%) Big Data
2 2,576 (9.55%) NoSQL
3 2,402 (8.91%) MySQL
4 1,853 (6.87%) SQL Server
5 1,714 (6.36%) Hadoop
5 1,714 (6.36%) Relational Database
6 1,578 (5.85%) MongoDB
7 1,203 (4.46%) PostgreSQL
8 1,030 (3.82%) Apache Cassandra
9 659 (2.44%) RDBMS
10 556 (2.06%) Oracle Database
11 477 (1.77%) Apache Hive
12 476 (1.77%) Blockchain
13 410 (1.52%) Redis
14 405 (1.50%) HBase
15 392 (1.45%) Data Warehouse
16 263 (0.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 242 (0.90%) DB2
18 195 (0.72%) Neo4j
19 178 (0.66%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 3,386 (12.56%) Git (software)
2 3,250 (12.05%) Jenkins
3 2,567 (9.52%) Selenium
4 2,394 (8.88%) Maven
5 2,038 (7.56%) JIRA
6 1,833 (6.80%) JUnit
7 1,766 (6.55%) Cucumber
8 1,148 (4.26%) Subversion
9 914 (3.39%) WebDriver
10 896 (3.32%) Gradle
11 616 (2.28%) Eclipse
12 580 (2.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 547 (2.03%) TeamCity
14 469 (1.74%) SoapUI
15 463 (1.72%) JMeter
16 407 (1.51%) Ant
17 402 (1.49%) Mockito
18 399 (1.48%) Bitbucket
19 339 (1.26%) Visual Studio
20 321 (1.19%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 6,078 (22.54%) Finance
2 2,343 (8.69%) Banking
3 1,475 (5.47%) Advertising
4 1,445 (5.36%) Retail
5 890 (3.30%) Games
6 732 (2.71%) Investment Banking
7 720 (2.67%) Marketing
8 703 (2.61%) Front Office
9 601 (2.23%) Telecoms
10 372 (1.38%) Electronics
11 348 (1.29%) Financial Institution
12 333 (1.23%) Manufacturing
13 279 (1.03%) Law
14 206 (0.76%) Publishing
15 175 (0.65%) Back Office
15 175 (0.65%) Legal
16 154 (0.57%) Automotive
17 117 (0.43%) Retail Banking
18 79 (0.29%) French Language
19 74 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 14,317 (53.09%) Developer
2 8,877 (32.92%) Java Developer
3 2,838 (10.52%) Software Engineer
4 2,780 (10.31%) Senior Developer
5 2,278 (8.45%) Java Engineer
6 1,981 (7.35%) Senior Java Developer
7 1,729 (6.41%) Software Developer
8 1,529 (5.67%) Architect
9 1,334 (4.95%) Java Software Engineer
10 1,086 (4.03%) Analyst
11 957 (3.55%) DevOps Engineer
12 936 (3.47%) Graduate
13 925 (3.43%) Lead Developer
14 848 (3.14%) Junior
15 818 (3.03%) Java Software Developer
16 766 (2.84%) Tester
17 737 (2.73%) JavaScript Developer
18 704 (2.61%) Senior Software Engineer
19 703 (2.61%) Consultant
20 673 (2.50%) Lead Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,272 (23.26%) Spring
2 5,235 (19.41%) HTML
3 4,356 (16.15%) Web Services
4 4,055 (15.04%) CSS
5 3,775 (14.00%) AngularJS
6 3,178 (11.79%) .NET
7 3,011 (11.17%) REST
8 2,820 (10.46%) Hibernate
9 2,638 (9.78%) RESTful
10 2,420 (8.97%) J2EE
11 2,363 (8.76%) XML
12 2,136 (7.92%) Node.js
13 2,073 (7.69%) React
14 1,839 (6.82%) HTML5
15 1,561 (5.79%) Java EE
16 1,549 (5.74%) SOAP
17 1,475 (5.47%) jQuery
18 1,325 (4.91%) JSON
19 1,288 (4.78%) Spring Boot
20 1,054 (3.91%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 3,157 (11.71%) Computer Science
2 1,790 (6.64%) Analytical Skills
3 1,763 (6.54%) Fintech
4 1,594 (5.91%) Greenfield Project
5 1,234 (4.58%) User Experience
6 1,125 (4.17%) Algorithms
7 1,035 (3.84%) Enterprise Software
8 1,001 (3.71%) Mobile App
9 886 (3.29%) Self-Motivation
10 573 (2.12%) Data Structures
11 412 (1.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 339 (1.26%) Equities
13 323 (1.20%) Fixed Income
14 307 (1.14%) Hedge funds
15 292 (1.08%) Management Information System
16 287 (1.06%) Derivative
17 257 (0.95%) Linux Command Line
18 230 (0.85%) Virtual Team
19 214 (0.79%) Public Cloud
20 178 (0.66%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 4,921 (18.25%) Linux
2 1,971 (7.31%) Unix
3 1,869 (6.93%) Windows
4 1,377 (5.11%) Android
5 851 (3.16%) Apple iOS
6 313 (1.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 303 (1.12%) Windows Server
8 227 (0.84%) CentOS
9 206 (0.76%) Solaris
10 165 (0.61%) AIX
11 120 (0.45%) Ubuntu
12 117 (0.43%) Mac OS
13 108 (0.40%) Debian
14 100 (0.37%) Mac OS X
15 65 (0.24%) HPUX
16 45 (0.17%) CoreOS
17 41 (0.15%) Nucleus RTOS
18 40 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
19 39 (0.14%) Windows Phone
20 38 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 13,377 (49.61%) Agile Software Development
2 6,268 (23.24%) Software Engineering
3 5,896 (21.87%) TDD
4 4,557 (16.90%) Scrum
5 4,478 (16.61%) Test Automation
6 3,997 (14.82%) DevOps
7 3,692 (13.69%) Continuous Integration
8 3,522 (13.06%) OO
9 3,338 (12.38%) Microservices
10 3,201 (11.87%) BDD
11 2,842 (10.54%) Problem-Solving
12 2,595 (9.62%) SDLC
13 2,214 (8.21%) Open Source
14 2,083 (7.72%) MVC
15 1,993 (7.39%) Mentoring
16 1,866 (6.92%) E-Commerce
17 1,816 (6.73%) Web Development
18 1,676 (6.22%) Machine Learning
19 1,662 (6.16%) Analytics
20 1,641 (6.09%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 8,260 (30.63%) JavaScript
2 7,123 (26.42%) SQL
3 6,555 (24.31%) Python
4 5,075 (18.82%) C#
5 3,630 (13.46%) C++
6 3,093 (11.47%) PHP
7 2,642 (9.80%) Java 8
8 2,532 (9.39%) Scala
9 2,096 (7.77%) Ruby
10 1,497 (5.55%) C
11 1,052 (3.90%) Perl
12 836 (3.10%) Bash Shell
13 765 (2.84%) Go
14 680 (2.52%) Shell Script
15 678 (2.51%) Groovy
16 640 (2.37%) PL/SQL
17 598 (2.22%) R
18 476 (1.77%) PowerShell
19 357 (1.32%) Kotlin
20 343 (1.27%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 4,686 (17.38%) Degree
2 1,460 (5.41%) Computer Science Degree
3 799 (2.96%) Security Cleared
4 549 (2.04%) PhD
5 403 (1.49%) SC Cleared
6 329 (1.22%) Master's Degree
7 253 (0.94%) ISTQB
8 233 (0.86%) Numerate Degree
9 205 (0.76%) DV Cleared
10 162 (0.60%) ISEB
11 108 (0.40%) Sun Certification
12 79 (0.29%) AWS Certification
13 76 (0.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 72 (0.27%) CISSP
15 60 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
16 54 (0.20%) PMI Certification
16 54 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
17 47 (0.17%) Oracle Certification
18 44 (0.16%) SANS
19 41 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,297 (8.52%) QA
2 125 (0.46%) GCP
3 108 (0.40%) SLA
4 106 (0.39%) Data Quality
5 68 (0.25%) PCI DSS
6 65 (0.24%) GDPR
7 48 (0.18%) PMO
8 41 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 38 (0.14%) PSD2
10 34 (0.13%) MiFID
11 18 (0.067%) SEPA
12 17 (0.063%) ISO 9001
13 14 (0.052%) WCAG
14 13 (0.048%) HL7
15 12 (0.045%) COBIT
15 12 (0.045%) MISRA
15 12 (0.045%) Web Application Security Consortium
16 11 (0.041%) EMIR
17 10 (0.037%) Dodd-Frank
18 9 (0.033%) PA-DSS
System Software
1 2,742 (10.17%) Docker
2 252 (0.93%) VMware Infrastructure
3 194 (0.72%) HDFS
4 149 (0.55%) Active Directory
5 130 (0.48%) Apache Flume
5 130 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
6 72 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 56 (0.21%) vSphere
8 42 (0.16%) Hyper-V
9 35 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
10 33 (0.12%) KVM
11 30 (0.11%) VirtualBox
12 29 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
13 28 (0.10%) Xen
14 26 (0.096%) Firmware
15 12 (0.045%) NFS
16 10 (0.037%) GridGain
16 10 (0.037%) iptables
16 10 (0.037%) LXC
16 10 (0.037%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1,353 (5.02%) Ansible
2 1,306 (4.84%) Puppet
3 1,071 (3.97%) Kubernetes
4 990 (3.67%) Opscode Chef
5 659 (2.44%) Terraform
6 191 (0.71%) Nagios
7 138 (0.51%) Kibana
8 126 (0.47%) Salt
9 115 (0.43%) Packer
10 106 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
10 106 (0.39%) Mesos
11 97 (0.36%) HockeyApp
12 96 (0.36%) logstash
13 93 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
14 88 (0.33%) Single Sign-On
15 81 (0.30%) Prometheus
16 53 (0.20%) ZABBIX
17 52 (0.19%) Consul
17 52 (0.19%) Oozie
18 51 (0.19%) Graphite
Vendors
1 3,430 (12.72%) Oracle
2 1,228 (4.55%) Microsoft
3 1,047 (3.88%) Google
4 585 (2.17%) SAP
5 480 (1.78%) Salesforce.com
6 443 (1.64%) IBM
7 410 (1.52%) VMware
8 381 (1.41%) Red Hat
9 326 (1.21%) Splunk
10 300 (1.11%) Atlassian
11 284 (1.05%) WorldPay
12 281 (1.04%) hybris
13 257 (0.95%) Capita
14 252 (0.93%) Sybase
15 236 (0.88%) TIBCO
16 216 (0.80%) Cloudera
16 216 (0.80%) Tableau
17 189 (0.70%) AppDynamics
18 183 (0.68%) Adobe
19 170 (0.63%) MuleSoft