Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 19 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
19 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 15 12 11
Rank change year-on-year -3 -1 -2
Permanent jobs citing Java 23,718 15,567 8,610
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.36% 13.42% 14.28%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.37% 24.67% 25.07%
Number of salaries quoted 10,053 9,681 7,062
10th Percentile £42,000 £40,000 £37,500
25th Percentile £52,500 £47,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% - +8.33%
75th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £107,500 £111,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 86,666 63,103 34,348
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 52.47% 54.39% 56.96%
Number of salaries quoted 43,194 42,700 28,536
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £33,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £42,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £83,125 £77,500 £73,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 19 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 19 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -2 19,511 £72,500 +3.57% 1,574
London 0 12,191 £85,000 +6.25% 823
Work from Home +6 11,220 £70,000 +7.69% 840
UK excluding London -2 8,143 £60,000 +9.09% 857
North of England -3 2,088 £56,456 +2.65% 260
South East -5 2,000 £62,500 +4.17% 162
Midlands +7 1,191 £57,500 +7.02% 119
South West +3 1,163 £57,500 +9.52% 130
North West +5 1,144 £57,500 +4.55% 142
Scotland -4 879 £62,500 +25.00% 83
Yorkshire -4 836 £55,000 - 76
West Midlands +11 796 £57,500 +4.55% 78
East of England -3 579 £55,000 -4.35% 74
East Midlands +12 375 £55,000 +10.00% 41
Northern Ireland -1 234 £65,000 +30.00% 15
Wales -29 119 £50,000 - 14
North East -8 110 £53,000 +6.00% 43
Isle of Man +14 5 £60,000 +60.00%

For the 6 months to 19 August 2022, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 12,742 (53.72%) Agile
2 11,059 (46.63%) AWS
3 9,822 (41.41%) Software Engineering
4 9,254 (39.02%) Python
5 8,080 (34.07%) JavaScript
6 7,376 (31.10%) Finance
7 6,823 (28.77%) Docker
8 6,633 (27.97%) CI/CD
9 6,538 (27.57%) DevOps
10 6,085 (25.66%) Azure
11 6,071 (25.60%) Kubernetes
12 6,039 (25.46%) Microservices
13 5,962 (25.14%) SQL
14 5,828 (24.57%) Spring
15 5,232 (22.06%) Social Skills
16 4,843 (20.42%) Git (software)
17 4,778 (20.15%) TDD
18 4,642 (19.57%) Test Automation
19 4,641 (19.57%) React
20 4,474 (18.86%) GCP
21 4,264 (17.98%) Mentoring
22 4,037 (17.02%) Jenkins
23 4,010 (16.91%) C#
24 3,669 (15.47%) Node.js
25 3,633 (15.32%) Scrum
26 3,610 (15.22%) Degree
27 3,524 (14.86%) Kafka
28 3,457 (14.58%) Problem-Solving
29 3,375 (14.23%) Full Stack Development
30 3,353 (14.14%) Spring Boot

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,172 (4.94%) Apache Spark
2 753 (3.17%) Apache
3 674 (2.84%) Confluence
4 383 (1.61%) Apache Airflow
5 361 (1.52%) CMS
6 291 (1.23%) Apache Solr
7 266 (1.12%) Tomcat
8 181 (0.76%) WebSphere
9 163 (0.69%) nginx
10 160 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
11 122 (0.51%) SharePoint
12 107 (0.45%) JBoss
13 106 (0.45%) Headless CMS
14 103 (0.43%) WebLogic
15 101 (0.43%) Apache Pulsar
16 90 (0.38%) IIS
17 84 (0.35%) Jetty
18 79 (0.33%) Ethereum
19 54 (0.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 52 (0.22%) OpenStack
Applications
1 129 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
2 99 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
3 47 (0.20%) Chatbot
4 41 (0.17%) CATIA
5 39 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 31 (0.13%) MS Visio
7 30 (0.13%) Simulink
8 29 (0.12%) Sketch
9 17 (0.072%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 15 (0.063%) InVision
11 14 (0.059%) Photoshop
12 12 (0.051%) Microsoft Project
13 7 (0.030%) Maple
14 6 (0.025%) Adobe XD
15 5 (0.021%) Adobe Premiere
16 3 (0.013%) Adobe Illustrator
16 3 (0.013%) Doxygen
17 2 (0.008%) Adobe After Effects
17 2 (0.008%) Pipeline Pilot
18 1 (0.004%) Snagit
Business Applications
1 139 (0.59%) Distributed Ledger
2 112 (0.47%) R3 Corda
3 89 (0.38%) Payment Gateway
4 74 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
5 35 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
6 30 (0.13%) Teamcenter
7 27 (0.11%) NetSuite
8 26 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
9 19 (0.080%) Oracle Payables
9 19 (0.080%) Shopify
10 18 (0.076%) Magento
11 15 (0.063%) Dynamics NAV
11 15 (0.063%) Oracle ERP
11 15 (0.063%) SAP Hybris
12 14 (0.059%) Adobe Campaign
13 13 (0.055%) Ripple
13 13 (0.055%) Ripple XRP
14 12 (0.051%) Aladdin
14 12 (0.051%) thinkFolio
15 11 (0.046%) ResourceLink
Cloud Services
1 11,059 (46.63%) AWS
2 6,085 (25.66%) Azure
3 4,474 (18.86%) GCP
4 2,416 (10.19%) Serverless
5 1,490 (6.28%) GitHub
6 1,162 (4.90%) AWS Lambda
7 982 (4.14%) SaaS
8 796 (3.36%) Amazon S3
9 775 (3.27%) OpenShift
10 764 (3.22%) Cloud Computing
11 745 (3.14%) Azure DevOps
12 617 (2.60%) Amazon EC2
13 615 (2.59%) AWS CloudFormation
14 558 (2.35%) PaaS
15 425 (1.79%) Amazon Kinesis
16 424 (1.79%) Amazon ECS
17 385 (1.62%) Cloud Functions
18 381 (1.61%) Google Kubernetes Engine
19 342 (1.44%) Datadog
20 338 (1.43%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 1,195 (5.04%) HTTP
2 676 (2.85%) SSL
3 603 (2.54%) Internet
4 288 (1.21%) Firewall
5 237 (1.00%) Network Security
6 229 (0.97%) Broadband
7 206 (0.87%) TCP/IP
8 204 (0.86%) DNS
9 193 (0.81%) PPP
10 94 (0.40%) Kerberos
11 92 (0.39%) AMQP
12 88 (0.37%) VoIP
13 85 (0.36%) MQTT
14 84 (0.35%) VPN
15 75 (0.32%) SSH
16 72 (0.30%) FTP
16 72 (0.30%) HTTPS
17 67 (0.28%) Wireless
18 41 (0.17%) DHCP
19 35 (0.15%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,034 (12.79%) NoSQL
2 2,587 (10.91%) PostgreSQL
3 1,863 (7.85%) Big Data
4 1,820 (7.67%) MySQL
5 1,802 (7.60%) Relational Database
6 1,680 (7.08%) MongoDB
7 1,241 (5.23%) SQL Server
8 918 (3.87%) Elasticsearch
9 855 (3.60%) Redis
10 821 (3.46%) Hadoop
11 716 (3.02%) Apache Cassandra
12 704 (2.97%) DynamoDB
13 615 (2.59%) BigQuery
14 482 (2.03%) Flink
15 452 (1.91%) RDBMS
16 433 (1.83%) Data Warehouse
17 356 (1.50%) Amazon RDS
18 352 (1.48%) Data Lake
19 336 (1.42%) Amazon Redshift
20 320 (1.35%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 4,843 (20.42%) Git (software)
2 4,037 (17.02%) Jenkins
3 2,075 (8.75%) JIRA
4 1,864 (7.86%) Maven
5 1,552 (6.54%) Selenium
6 1,376 (5.80%) JUnit
7 1,341 (5.65%) Gradle
8 1,224 (5.16%) Cucumber
9 882 (3.72%) GitLab
10 670 (2.82%) Postman
11 613 (2.58%) Mockito
12 562 (2.37%) Bitbucket
13 510 (2.15%) Cypress.io
14 413 (1.74%) SonarQube
15 409 (1.72%) JMeter
16 397 (1.67%) Subversion
17 367 (1.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 358 (1.51%) TeamCity
19 354 (1.49%) CircleCI
20 350 (1.48%) WebDriver
General
1 7,376 (31.10%) Finance
2 5,232 (22.06%) Social Skills
3 2,484 (10.47%) Banking
4 1,856 (7.83%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 1,780 (7.50%) Analytical Skills
6 1,601 (6.75%) Games
7 1,412 (5.95%) Marketing
8 1,332 (5.62%) Retail
9 1,050 (4.43%) Manufacturing
10 972 (4.10%) Public Sector
11 838 (3.53%) Law
12 655 (2.76%) Front Office
13 645 (2.72%) Legal
14 478 (2.02%) Advertising
15 437 (1.84%) Telecoms
16 412 (1.74%) Financial Institution
17 392 (1.65%) Automotive
18 268 (1.13%) Presentation Skills
19 244 (1.03%) Organisational Skills
20 243 (1.02%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 7,851 (33.10%) Developer
2 5,865 (24.73%) Software Engineer
3 4,222 (17.80%) Java Developer
4 2,261 (9.53%) Java Engineer
5 2,257 (9.52%) Senior Developer
6 1,422 (6.00%) Senior Software Engineer
7 1,343 (5.66%) Senior Java Developer
8 1,022 (4.31%) Java Software Engineer
9 964 (4.06%) DevOps Engineer
10 911 (3.84%) Software Developer
11 815 (3.44%) Architect
12 808 (3.41%) Data Engineer
13 801 (3.38%) Graduate
14 785 (3.31%) Senior Java Engineer
15 687 (2.90%) Full Stack Developer
16 583 (2.46%) AWS Engineer
17 570 (2.40%) Cloud Engineer
18 564 (2.38%) Principal Engineer
19 507 (2.14%) Test Engineer
20 501 (2.11%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,828 (24.57%) Spring
2 4,641 (19.57%) React
3 3,669 (15.47%) Node.js
4 3,524 (14.86%) Kafka
5 3,353 (14.14%) Spring Boot
6 3,243 (13.67%) .NET
7 3,092 (13.04%) AngularJS
8 3,079 (12.98%) HTML
9 2,869 (12.10%) CSS
10 2,815 (11.87%) REST
11 2,504 (10.56%) RESTful
12 1,694 (7.14%) Web Services
13 1,114 (4.70%) JSON
14 1,027 (4.33%) ASP.NET
15 1,021 (4.30%) Hibernate
16 964 (4.06%) Vue.js
17 842 (3.55%) XML
18 828 (3.49%) HTML5
19 821 (3.46%) Ruby on Rails
20 777 (3.28%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 1,986 (8.37%) Algorithms
2 1,406 (5.93%) Cloud Native
3 1,388 (5.85%) Data Structures
4 1,291 (5.44%) User Experience
5 1,195 (5.04%) Mobile App
6 862 (3.63%) Greenfield Project
7 833 (3.51%) Life Science
8 782 (3.30%) Public Cloud
9 650 (2.74%) Enterprise Software
10 597 (2.52%) Self-Motivation
11 551 (2.32%) Hackathon
12 514 (2.17%) Blog
13 505 (2.13%) Virtual Team
14 502 (2.12%) Derivative
15 480 (2.02%) Hedge funds
16 477 (2.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 452 (1.91%) Fixed Income
18 442 (1.86%) Blockchain
19 433 (1.83%) Social Media
20 425 (1.79%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 3,303 (13.93%) Linux
2 1,497 (6.31%) Android
3 1,323 (5.58%) Unix
4 1,233 (5.20%) Windows
5 795 (3.35%) Apple iOS
6 117 (0.49%) Mesosphere
6 117 (0.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 116 (0.49%) Mac OS
8 111 (0.47%) CentOS
9 71 (0.30%) Ubuntu
10 68 (0.29%) Windows Server
11 60 (0.25%) Mac OS X
12 35 (0.15%) AIX
12 35 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
13 31 (0.13%) Debian
14 28 (0.12%) VMS
15 19 (0.080%) Solaris
15 19 (0.080%) Windows Server 2012
16 18 (0.076%) Windows 10
17 15 (0.063%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 12,742 (53.72%) Agile
2 9,822 (41.41%) Software Engineering
3 6,633 (27.97%) CI/CD
4 6,538 (27.57%) DevOps
5 6,039 (25.46%) Microservices
6 4,778 (20.15%) TDD
7 4,642 (19.57%) Test Automation
8 4,264 (17.98%) Mentoring
9 3,633 (15.32%) Scrum
10 3,457 (14.58%) Problem-Solving
11 3,375 (14.23%) Full Stack Development
12 3,096 (13.05%) Computer Science
13 2,943 (12.41%) Continuous Integration
14 2,436 (10.27%) SDLC
15 2,419 (10.20%) BDD
16 2,407 (10.15%) Analytics
17 2,237 (9.43%) OO
18 2,067 (8.71%) Coaching
19 1,966 (8.29%) Machine Learning
20 1,923 (8.11%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 9,254 (39.02%) Python
2 8,080 (34.07%) JavaScript
3 5,962 (25.14%) SQL
4 4,010 (16.91%) C#
5 2,736 (11.54%) Go
6 2,580 (10.88%) C++
7 2,464 (10.39%) Kotlin
8 2,423 (10.22%) TypeScript
9 1,864 (7.86%) Ruby
10 1,858 (7.83%) Scala
11 1,303 (5.49%) C
12 1,077 (4.54%) Bash
13 930 (3.92%) PHP
14 838 (3.53%) PowerShell
15 668 (2.82%) Shell Script
16 619 (2.61%) Perl
17 532 (2.24%) Groovy
18 467 (1.97%) Objective-C
19 329 (1.39%) ES6
20 325 (1.37%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 3,610 (15.22%) Degree
2 1,554 (6.55%) Computer Science Degree
3 1,373 (5.79%) Security Cleared
4 703 (2.96%) SC Cleared
5 668 (2.82%) AWS Certification
6 538 (2.27%) Azure Certification
7 433 (1.83%) Master's Degree
8 240 (1.01%) ISTQB
9 206 (0.87%) PhD
10 150 (0.63%) Numerate Degree
11 137 (0.58%) DV Cleared
12 118 (0.50%) ISEB
13 104 (0.44%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 89 (0.38%) PMI Certification
15 63 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
16 58 (0.24%) BPSS Clearance
17 50 (0.21%) CISSP
18 41 (0.17%) AWS Certified Solutions Architect
19 37 (0.16%) DBS Check
20 31 (0.13%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,874 (12.12%) QA
2 510 (2.15%) Accessibility
3 218 (0.92%) Data Quality
4 109 (0.46%) GDPR
5 85 (0.36%) SLA
6 65 (0.27%) PCI DSS
7 44 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 32 (0.13%) Automotive SPICE
8 32 (0.13%) MISRA
8 32 (0.13%) PMO
9 30 (0.13%) NIST
10 25 (0.11%) SOC 2
11 23 (0.097%) EMIR
12 20 (0.084%) HL7
13 14 (0.059%) NCSC
14 13 (0.055%) GxP
14 13 (0.055%) MiFID
15 12 (0.051%) HIPAA
15 12 (0.051%) WCAG
16 11 (0.046%) SEPA
System Software
1 6,823 (28.77%) Docker
2 212 (0.89%) Virtual Machines
3 178 (0.75%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 116 (0.49%) VMware Infrastructure
5 106 (0.45%) Apache Flume
6 83 (0.35%) Active Directory
7 71 (0.30%) Firmware
8 34 (0.14%) HDFS
9 26 (0.11%) Hyper-V
10 21 (0.089%) KVM
11 16 (0.067%) Xen
12 13 (0.055%) Virtual Servers
13 10 (0.042%) GridGain
13 10 (0.042%) vSphere
14 9 (0.038%) etcd
15 8 (0.034%) iptables
15 8 (0.034%) Samba
16 7 (0.030%) LXC
16 7 (0.030%) NFS
17 6 (0.025%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 6,071 (25.60%) Kubernetes
2 2,549 (10.75%) Terraform
3 1,443 (6.08%) Ansible
4 662 (2.79%) Puppet
5 595 (2.51%) Opscode Chef
6 429 (1.81%) Prometheus
7 371 (1.56%) Grafana
8 190 (0.80%) Kibana
9 179 (0.75%) Istio
10 154 (0.65%) Docker Swarm
11 123 (0.52%) Consul
12 116 (0.49%) Automic
13 108 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
14 102 (0.43%) Oozie
15 79 (0.33%) logstash
16 73 (0.31%) Argo
17 64 (0.27%) Packer
18 57 (0.24%) Rancher
19 47 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
20 40 (0.17%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 2,255 (9.51%) Google
2 1,731 (7.30%) Microsoft
3 1,600 (6.75%) Oracle
4 323 (1.36%) Splunk
5 310 (1.31%) IBM
6 296 (1.25%) Databricks
7 287 (1.21%) Atlassian
8 282 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
9 276 (1.16%) Twitter
10 260 (1.10%) SAP
11 215 (0.91%) Red Hat
12 170 (0.72%) VMware
13 160 (0.67%) New Relic
14 149 (0.63%) Palantir
15 148 (0.62%) Sony
16 131 (0.55%) Snapchat
17 122 (0.51%) MuleSoft
18 118 (0.50%) Sun
19 115 (0.48%) Dell
20 112 (0.47%) Facebook