Period
to 20 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 20 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 12 9 8
Rank change year-on-year -3 -1 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 7,112 19,098 25,911
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.56% 14.04% 15.85%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.59% 26.25% 28.53%
Number of salaries quoted 6,892 16,310 21,387
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +8.70% +4.55%
10th Percentile £40,000 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £100,000 £91,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 28,921 72,753 90,811
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 59.22% 53.47% 55.55%
Number of salaries quoted 24,538 59,644 75,557
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +3.09%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 20 October 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 6,506 £65,000 +4.00% 1,566
London -2 3,754 £77,500 +3.33% 769
UK excluding London -4 3,163 £55,000 +10.00% 930
Work from Home 0 1,063 £60,000 -7.69% 336
South East -1 990 £60,000 +9.09% 197
North of England -4 820 £50,000 - 281
South West 0 473 £50,000 - 106
Yorkshire +7 418 £50,000 +5.26% 78
Scotland +1 325 £50,000 +6.38% 96
North West -13 301 £52,500 - 147
Midlands -19 218 £52,500 +6.36% 139
East of England -4 182 £55,000 - 68
West Midlands -3 144 £52,500 +10.53% 93
North East +5 100 £47,500 - 56
Northern Ireland +1 85 £50,000 +11.11% 21
Wales -12 74 £45,000 +9.76% 22
East Midlands -30 69 £52,500 +5.00% 45

For the 6 months to 20 October 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 3,219 (45.26%) Agile Software Development
2 2,500 (35.15%) Python
3 2,215 (31.14%) JavaScript
4 2,146 (30.17%) AWS
5 1,790 (25.17%) Software Engineering
6 1,745 (24.54%) SQL
7 1,742 (24.49%) Finance
8 1,582 (22.24%) Microservices
9 1,556 (21.88%) DevOps
10 1,466 (20.61%) Spring
11 1,370 (19.26%) Docker
12 1,205 (16.94%) C#
13 1,180 (16.59%) Azure
14 1,152 (16.20%) TDD
15 1,144 (16.09%) Kubernetes
16 1,131 (15.90%) Web Services
17 1,050 (14.76%) Test Automation
18 997 (14.02%) AngularJS
19 964 (13.55%) React
20 963 (13.54%) Linux
21 956 (13.44%) Scrum
22 899 (12.64%) Jenkins
23 839 (11.80%) Git (software)
24 835 (11.74%) Degree
25 798 (11.22%) C++
26 760 (10.69%) Node.js
27 750 (10.55%) .NET
28 724 (10.18%) Continuous Integration
29 721 (10.14%) Spring Boot
30 703 (9.88%) GCP

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 307 (4.32%) Apache Spark
2 297 (4.18%) Apache
3 293 (4.12%) Elasticsearch
4 244 (3.43%) Confluence
5 179 (2.52%) Tomcat
6 108 (1.52%) WebSphere
7 69 (0.97%) SAS
8 62 (0.87%) WebLogic
9 56 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
10 53 (0.75%) JBoss
11 48 (0.67%) BizTalk Server
12 45 (0.63%) SharePoint
13 42 (0.59%) nginx
14 39 (0.55%) CMS
15 37 (0.52%) IIS
16 30 (0.42%) Oracle Workflow
17 27 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 23 (0.32%) Mule
19 20 (0.28%) Apache Airflow
20 16 (0.22%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 14 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.13%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.11%) Chatbot
5 7 (0.098%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (0.098%) Sketch
5 7 (0.098%) Spreadsheet
6 6 (0.084%) Adobe XD
6 6 (0.084%) Figma
7 3 (0.042%) Maya
7 3 (0.042%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.028%) Blender
8 2 (0.028%) S-PLUS
9 1 (0.014%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.014%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.014%) Simulink
9 1 (0.014%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 49 (0.69%) Distributed Ledger
2 47 (0.66%) R3 Corda
3 43 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
4 39 (0.55%) Dynamics AX
5 35 (0.49%) Remedy ITSM
6 23 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
7 21 (0.30%) SAP Hybris
8 16 (0.22%) SAP GTS
9 15 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
10 11 (0.15%) FINCAD Analytics
10 11 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
11 8 (0.11%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
11 8 (0.11%) Sentinel
12 7 (0.098%) Magento
13 6 (0.084%) Oracle Applications
13 6 (0.084%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 5 (0.070%) Oracle EBS
15 4 (0.056%) Front Arena
15 4 (0.056%) Oracle ERP
16 3 (0.042%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 2,146 (30.17%) AWS
2 1,180 (16.59%) Azure
3 703 (9.88%) GCP
4 374 (5.26%) SaaS
5 366 (5.15%) Serverless
6 282 (3.97%) AWS Lambda
7 216 (3.04%) Amazon EC2
8 187 (2.63%) GitHub
9 145 (2.04%) PaaS
10 144 (2.02%) Amazon S3
11 126 (1.77%) OpenShift
12 117 (1.65%) Amazon ECS
12 117 (1.65%) IaaS
13 105 (1.48%) AWS CloudFormation
14 80 (1.12%) Power Platform
15 75 (1.05%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 75 (1.05%) Apigee
16 74 (1.04%) Cloud Computing
17 58 (0.82%) Amazon SQS
18 57 (0.80%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 133 (1.87%) HTTP
2 67 (0.94%) Internet
3 64 (0.90%) Firewall
4 63 (0.89%) TCP/IP
5 52 (0.73%) DNS
6 33 (0.46%) FTP
7 23 (0.32%) VPN
8 22 (0.31%) HTTPS
9 21 (0.30%) SSH
10 19 (0.27%) AMQP
10 19 (0.27%) SSL
10 19 (0.27%) Wireless
11 16 (0.22%) SMTP
12 15 (0.21%) Bluetooth
13 13 (0.18%) Broadband
13 13 (0.18%) Kerberos
13 13 (0.18%) Skype
14 10 (0.14%) 5G
14 10 (0.14%) IMAP
14 10 (0.14%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 703 (9.88%) NoSQL
2 569 (8.00%) Big Data
3 543 (7.63%) PostgreSQL
4 453 (6.37%) MySQL
5 449 (6.31%) SQL Server
6 373 (5.24%) MongoDB
7 325 (4.57%) Hadoop
8 306 (4.30%) Relational Database
9 204 (2.87%) Apache Cassandra
10 179 (2.52%) Data Warehouse
11 174 (2.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 146 (2.05%) Amazon Redshift
13 137 (1.93%) Redis
14 125 (1.76%) Blockchain
15 118 (1.66%) Apache Hive
16 103 (1.45%) Oracle Database
17 95 (1.34%) BusinessObjects
18 80 (1.12%) RDBMS
19 74 (1.04%) Power BI
20 65 (0.91%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 899 (12.64%) Jenkins
2 839 (11.80%) Git (software)
3 555 (7.80%) Selenium
4 551 (7.75%) JIRA
5 374 (5.26%) Cucumber
6 373 (5.24%) Maven
7 353 (4.96%) JUnit
8 179 (2.52%) GitLab
9 164 (2.31%) Subversion
10 155 (2.18%) Gradle
11 149 (2.10%) Mockito
12 142 (2.00%) WebDriver
13 112 (1.57%) Artifactory
14 105 (1.48%) Appium
15 99 (1.39%) Bitbucket
16 96 (1.35%) JMeter
17 95 (1.34%) SoapUI
18 87 (1.22%) TeamCity
19 82 (1.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 78 (1.10%) Eclipse
General
1 1,742 (24.49%) Finance
2 664 (9.34%) Banking
3 501 (7.04%) Front Office
4 219 (3.08%) Public Sector
5 194 (2.73%) Investment Banking
6 173 (2.43%) Retail
7 139 (1.95%) Games
8 109 (1.53%) Marketing
9 101 (1.42%) Back Office
10 93 (1.31%) Law
11 91 (1.28%) Telecoms
12 75 (1.05%) Advertising
12 75 (1.05%) Manufacturing
13 43 (0.60%) Electronics
13 43 (0.60%) Financial Institution
14 33 (0.46%) Publishing
15 28 (0.39%) Legal
16 26 (0.37%) Retail Banking
17 18 (0.25%) German Language
18 17 (0.24%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 3,515 (49.42%) Developer
2 1,895 (26.65%) Java Developer
3 996 (14.00%) Software Engineer
4 662 (9.31%) Senior Developer
5 593 (8.34%) Java Engineer
6 497 (6.99%) Architect
7 422 (5.93%) Senior Java Developer
8 327 (4.60%) Java Software Engineer
9 326 (4.58%) Python Developer
10 311 (4.37%) DevOps Engineer
11 300 (4.22%) Software Developer
12 299 (4.20%) Python Engineer
13 298 (4.19%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 292 (4.11%) Full Stack Developer
15 289 (4.06%) Lead Developer
16 212 (2.98%) AWS Engineer
17 208 (2.92%) Data Engineer
18 199 (2.80%) Solutions Architect
19 194 (2.73%) Python Software Engineer
20 182 (2.56%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,466 (20.61%) Spring
2 1,131 (15.90%) Web Services
3 997 (14.02%) AngularJS
4 964 (13.55%) React
5 760 (10.69%) Node.js
6 750 (10.55%) .NET
7 721 (10.14%) Spring Boot
8 632 (8.89%) REST
9 626 (8.80%) HTML
10 592 (8.32%) RESTful
11 587 (8.25%) Kafka
12 558 (7.85%) CSS
13 391 (5.50%) Vue.js
14 327 (4.60%) Hibernate
15 319 (4.49%) J2EE
16 291 (4.09%) SOAP
17 289 (4.06%) XML
18 263 (3.70%) JSON
19 218 (3.07%) RabbitMQ
20 190 (2.67%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 471 (6.62%) Hedge funds
2 467 (6.57%) Fixed Income
3 429 (6.03%) Greenfield Project
4 399 (5.61%) Derivative
5 344 (4.84%) Analytical Skills
6 334 (4.70%) Algorithms
7 306 (4.30%) Mobile App
8 293 (4.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 286 (4.02%) Equities
10 228 (3.21%) Data Structures
11 170 (2.39%) User Experience
12 159 (2.24%) Self-Motivation
13 143 (2.01%) Cloud Native
14 139 (1.95%) Public Cloud
15 127 (1.79%) Enterprise Software
16 96 (1.35%) Management Information System
17 77 (1.08%) Virtual Team
18 75 (1.05%) Credit Derivative
19 56 (0.79%) Data Centre
20 52 (0.73%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 963 (13.54%) Linux
2 459 (6.45%) Android
3 356 (5.01%) Unix
4 302 (4.25%) Windows
5 261 (3.67%) Apple iOS
6 71 (1.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 64 (0.90%) CentOS
8 36 (0.51%) Windows Server
9 34 (0.48%) Ubuntu
10 24 (0.34%) AIX
11 15 (0.21%) VMS
12 14 (0.20%) CoreOS
13 13 (0.18%) Mac OS
14 12 (0.17%) Mesosphere
15 9 (0.13%) Mac OS X
15 9 (0.13%) zOS
16 8 (0.11%) Solaris
17 7 (0.098%) Debian
18 6 (0.084%) Windows Server 2012
19 4 (0.056%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,219 (45.26%) Agile Software Development
2 1,790 (25.17%) Software Engineering
3 1,582 (22.24%) Microservices
4 1,556 (21.88%) DevOps
5 1,152 (16.20%) TDD
6 1,050 (14.76%) Test Automation
7 956 (13.44%) Scrum
8 724 (10.18%) Continuous Integration
9 693 (9.74%) OO
10 672 (9.45%) Computer Science
11 629 (8.84%) Fintech
12 612 (8.61%) BDD
13 576 (8.10%) Mentoring
14 538 (7.56%) Asset Management
15 530 (7.45%) Problem-Solving
16 504 (7.09%) Open Source
17 473 (6.65%) Analytics
18 462 (6.50%) SDLC
19 399 (5.61%) Machine Learning
20 364 (5.12%) Investment Management
Programming Languages
1 2,500 (35.15%) Python
2 2,215 (31.14%) JavaScript
3 1,745 (24.54%) SQL
4 1,205 (16.94%) C#
5 798 (11.22%) C++
6 635 (8.93%) Kotlin
7 630 (8.86%) Java 8
8 539 (7.58%) Scala
9 486 (6.83%) Go
10 376 (5.29%) TypeScript
11 360 (5.06%) Ruby
12 325 (4.57%) C
13 295 (4.15%) PHP
14 204 (2.87%) Bash Shell
15 191 (2.69%) R
16 167 (2.35%) Shell Script
17 158 (2.22%) Perl
18 157 (2.21%) PowerShell
19 147 (2.07%) Apple Swift
20 121 (1.70%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 835 (11.74%) Degree
2 481 (6.76%) Security Cleared
3 336 (4.72%) SC Cleared
4 292 (4.11%) Computer Science Degree
5 145 (2.04%) DV Cleared
6 103 (1.45%) ISTQB
7 79 (1.11%) Master's Degree
8 70 (0.98%) ISEB
9 65 (0.91%) PhD
10 62 (0.87%) Numerate Degree
11 60 (0.84%) Sun Certification
12 30 (0.42%) BPSS Clearance
13 28 (0.39%) AWS Certification
14 24 (0.34%) CISSP
15 21 (0.30%) CISM
15 21 (0.30%) CSSLP
16 20 (0.28%) ISEB Practitioner
17 16 (0.22%) HND
17 16 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
18 14 (0.20%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 457 (6.43%) QA
2 56 (0.79%) NIST
3 41 (0.58%) Data Quality
3 41 (0.58%) SLA
4 38 (0.53%) GDPR
5 19 (0.27%) COBIT
6 18 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 7 (0.098%) MiFID
8 6 (0.084%) PMO
9 5 (0.070%) NCSC
9 5 (0.070%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.056%) EMIR
10 4 (0.056%) PSD2
11 3 (0.042%) Dodd-Frank
11 3 (0.042%) ISO 13485
11 3 (0.042%) ISO 20022
11 3 (0.042%) ISO 9001
11 3 (0.042%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.042%) TARGET2
11 3 (0.042%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,370 (19.26%) Docker
2 72 (1.01%) HDFS
3 70 (0.98%) VMware Infrastructure
4 60 (0.84%) Active Directory
5 27 (0.38%) vSphere
6 19 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 16 (0.22%) NFS
8 14 (0.20%) Hyper-V
9 12 (0.17%) Postfix
9 12 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
9 12 (0.17%) XenApp
10 10 (0.14%) Firmware
11 9 (0.13%) VirtualBox
12 8 (0.11%) NDS
12 8 (0.11%) NetIQ eDirectory
13 6 (0.084%) GlusterFS
14 5 (0.070%) BitLocker
15 4 (0.056%) Apache Flume
16 3 (0.042%) GPFS
16 3 (0.042%) LXC
Systems Management
1 1,144 (16.09%) Kubernetes
2 594 (8.35%) Terraform
3 475 (6.68%) Ansible
4 223 (3.14%) Puppet
5 184 (2.59%) Opscode Chef
6 117 (1.65%) Grafana
7 62 (0.87%) Prometheus
8 48 (0.67%) Istio
9 44 (0.62%) Kibana
10 37 (0.52%) ZABBIX
11 25 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
12 22 (0.31%) logstash
13 20 (0.28%) Data Guard
13 20 (0.28%) Oracle RMAN
13 20 (0.28%) Packer
14 19 (0.27%) Consul
15 18 (0.25%) Nagios
15 18 (0.25%) NetIQ Identity Manager
16 17 (0.24%) HP Quality Center
16 17 (0.24%) Opsview
Vendors
1 575 (8.08%) Oracle
2 442 (6.21%) Google
3 298 (4.19%) Microsoft
4 173 (2.43%) SAP
5 139 (1.95%) Splunk
6 120 (1.69%) ServiceNow
7 119 (1.67%) Salesforce.com
8 113 (1.59%) IBM
9 91 (1.28%) Red Hat
10 79 (1.11%) VMware
11 75 (1.05%) Atlassian
12 74 (1.04%) MuleSoft
13 67 (0.94%) Talend
14 66 (0.93%) Informatica
15 57 (0.80%) Cloudera
16 50 (0.70%) New Relic
17 44 (0.62%) Remedy
18 38 (0.53%) Adobe
18 38 (0.53%) Tableau
19 36 (0.51%) Xamarin