Period
to 4 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 4 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
4 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 10 8 8
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 9,431 20,642 27,068
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.17% 14.43% 15.65%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.14% 26.88% 28.05%
Number of salaries quoted 8,473 17,599 22,242
Median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £32,762
90th Percentile £107,250 £95,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 37,512 76,798 96,482
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 56.36% 53.69% 55.80%
Number of salaries quoted 30,790 62,994 80,127
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,425
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 4 August 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 4 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 8,604 £65,000 +4.00% 1,077
London -2 4,913 £75,000 +3.45% 544
UK excluding London -2 4,273 £52,500 +5.00% 630
South East -4 1,340 £60,000 +9.09% 144
North of England -4 1,030 £50,000 - 176
Work from Home -3 871 £62,216 -4.28% 200
South West +4 623 £50,000 - 88
Yorkshire +8 524 £50,000 +11.11% 57
North West -8 433 £50,000 -4.76% 103
Scotland +2 427 £50,000 +7.82% 69
Midlands -5 405 £50,000 +5.26% 65
East of England -9 258 £50,000 -9.09% 57
West Midlands +7 248 £47,500 +5.56% 34
East Midlands -7 152 £50,000 +5.26% 30
Wales -6 132 £42,928 +7.32% 19
North East -1 74 £45,000 -5.26% 16
Northern Ireland -4 74 £45,000 +9.09% 13

For the 6 months to 4 August 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 4,380 (46.44%) Agile Software Development
2 3,103 (32.90%) Python
3 2,783 (29.51%) JavaScript
4 2,621 (27.79%) AWS
5 2,478 (26.28%) Software Engineering
6 2,230 (23.65%) Finance
7 2,177 (23.08%) DevOps
8 2,123 (22.51%) SQL
9 1,986 (21.06%) Spring
10 1,934 (20.51%) Docker
11 1,918 (20.34%) Microservices
12 1,793 (19.01%) C#
13 1,566 (16.60%) TDD
14 1,516 (16.07%) Azure
15 1,489 (15.79%) Kubernetes
16 1,427 (15.13%) Web Services
17 1,419 (15.05%) Test Automation
18 1,343 (14.24%) Linux
19 1,277 (13.54%) Jenkins
20 1,249 (13.24%) AngularJS
21 1,236 (13.11%) Git (software)
22 1,233 (13.07%) Scrum
23 1,208 (12.81%) React
24 1,192 (12.64%) Degree
25 1,148 (12.17%) C++
26 1,079 (11.44%) Node.js
27 1,056 (11.20%) .NET
28 1,037 (11.00%) OO
29 1,028 (10.90%) Spring Boot
30 1,010 (10.71%) Banking

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 408 (4.33%) Apache Spark
2 394 (4.18%) Apache
3 331 (3.51%) Confluence
4 325 (3.45%) Tomcat
5 288 (3.05%) Elasticsearch
6 153 (1.62%) WebSphere
7 129 (1.37%) SharePoint
8 92 (0.98%) BizTalk Server
9 84 (0.89%) JBoss
10 81 (0.86%) CMS
11 70 (0.74%) SAS
12 59 (0.63%) WebLogic
13 58 (0.61%) nginx
14 55 (0.58%) Cloud Foundry
15 52 (0.55%) IIS
16 44 (0.47%) Apache Airflow
17 39 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 37 (0.39%) Apache Solr
19 33 (0.35%) Oracle Workflow
20 32 (0.34%) Luigi
Applications
1 32 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 24 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
3 16 (0.17%) Chatbot
4 15 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
5 10 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 8 (0.085%) MS Visio
7 7 (0.074%) Photoshop
7 7 (0.074%) S-PLUS
8 3 (0.032%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.032%) Sketch
9 2 (0.021%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.011%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.011%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.011%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.011%) Blender
10 1 (0.011%) Maya
10 1 (0.011%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 102 (1.08%) Dynamics CRM
2 86 (0.91%) Dynamics AX
3 60 (0.64%) R3 Corda
4 51 (0.54%) Distributed Ledger
5 41 (0.43%) FINCAD Analytics
6 36 (0.38%) Remedy ITSM
7 20 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
8 15 (0.16%) Magento
8 15 (0.16%) SAP GTS
9 13 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
10 11 (0.12%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
10 11 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
11 10 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
12 9 (0.095%) Oracle EBS
13 8 (0.085%) Oracle BPM
14 6 (0.064%) Temenos T24
15 5 (0.053%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
15 5 (0.053%) Salesforce.com CRM
16 4 (0.042%) Oracle Cash Management
16 4 (0.042%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 2,621 (27.79%) AWS
2 1,516 (16.07%) Azure
3 835 (8.85%) GCP
4 414 (4.39%) SaaS
5 393 (4.17%) Serverless
6 260 (2.76%) AWS Lambda
7 250 (2.65%) GitHub
8 208 (2.21%) Amazon EC2
9 204 (2.16%) OpenShift
10 169 (1.79%) PaaS
11 150 (1.59%) AWS CloudFormation
12 133 (1.41%) Amazon ECS
13 131 (1.39%) Amazon S3
14 116 (1.23%) Power Platform
15 108 (1.15%) Cloud Computing
15 108 (1.15%) IaaS
16 93 (0.99%) Dynamics 365
17 81 (0.86%) Amazon SQS
18 78 (0.83%) Apigee
19 57 (0.60%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 183 (1.94%) HTTP
2 116 (1.23%) Firewall
2 116 (1.23%) Internet
3 113 (1.20%) TCP/IP
4 52 (0.55%) DNS
5 49 (0.52%) FTP
6 32 (0.34%) SSL
7 28 (0.30%) Wireshark
8 24 (0.25%) Broadband
9 23 (0.24%) Network Security
9 23 (0.24%) VPN
10 22 (0.23%) Skype
11 20 (0.21%) SSH
12 19 (0.20%) Bluetooth
13 18 (0.19%) MQTT
13 18 (0.19%) Wireless
14 17 (0.18%) AMQP
15 13 (0.14%) Kerberos
16 12 (0.13%) WebEx
17 10 (0.11%) Tactical Data Link
Database & Business Intelligence
1 906 (9.61%) NoSQL
2 698 (7.40%) SQL Server
3 648 (6.87%) Big Data
4 632 (6.70%) MySQL
5 617 (6.54%) PostgreSQL
6 499 (5.29%) MongoDB
7 490 (5.20%) Hadoop
8 462 (4.90%) Relational Database
9 282 (2.99%) Apache Cassandra
10 224 (2.38%) Data Warehouse
11 191 (2.03%) Amazon Redshift
12 175 (1.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 171 (1.81%) Redis
14 158 (1.68%) RDBMS
15 152 (1.61%) Blockchain
16 149 (1.58%) Oracle Database
17 142 (1.51%) BusinessObjects
18 132 (1.40%) Apache Hive
19 110 (1.17%) Power BI
20 99 (1.05%) HBase
Development Applications
1 1,277 (13.54%) Jenkins
2 1,236 (13.11%) Git (software)
3 745 (7.90%) Selenium
4 714 (7.57%) JIRA
5 650 (6.89%) Maven
6 506 (5.37%) Cucumber
7 488 (5.17%) JUnit
8 220 (2.33%) GitLab
9 212 (2.25%) Subversion
10 191 (2.03%) Gradle
11 188 (1.99%) WebDriver
12 168 (1.78%) Eclipse
13 147 (1.56%) JMeter
14 146 (1.55%) Bitbucket
15 136 (1.44%) Mockito
15 136 (1.44%) SoapUI
16 129 (1.37%) Artifactory
17 126 (1.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 126 (1.34%) TeamCity
18 119 (1.26%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 2,230 (23.65%) Finance
2 1,010 (10.71%) Banking
3 513 (5.44%) Front Office
4 346 (3.67%) Retail
5 298 (3.16%) Investment Banking
6 254 (2.69%) Games
7 227 (2.41%) Public Sector
8 181 (1.92%) Marketing
9 134 (1.42%) Back Office
10 125 (1.33%) Law
11 97 (1.03%) Manufacturing
12 90 (0.95%) Telecoms
13 84 (0.89%) Advertising
14 79 (0.84%) Financial Institution
15 54 (0.57%) Electronics
16 47 (0.50%) Legal
16 47 (0.50%) Publishing
17 36 (0.38%) Aerospace
18 30 (0.32%) Retail Banking
19 23 (0.24%) Military
Job Titles
1 4,610 (48.88%) Developer
2 2,715 (28.79%) Java Developer
3 1,170 (12.41%) Software Engineer
4 989 (10.49%) Senior Developer
5 748 (7.93%) Java Engineer
6 688 (7.30%) Senior Java Developer
7 599 (6.35%) Architect
8 446 (4.73%) Software Developer
9 429 (4.55%) Java Software Engineer
10 396 (4.20%) DevOps Engineer
11 348 (3.69%) AWS Engineer
12 314 (3.33%) Full Stack Developer
13 290 (3.07%) AWS Developer
14 287 (3.04%) Python Developer
15 280 (2.97%) Analyst
16 277 (2.94%) Junior
17 271 (2.87%) Solutions Architect
18 264 (2.80%) Data Engineer
19 262 (2.78%) Python Engineer
20 261 (2.77%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,986 (21.06%) Spring
2 1,427 (15.13%) Web Services
3 1,249 (13.24%) AngularJS
4 1,208 (12.81%) React
5 1,079 (11.44%) Node.js
6 1,056 (11.20%) .NET
7 1,028 (10.90%) Spring Boot
8 958 (10.16%) HTML
9 896 (9.50%) REST
10 831 (8.81%) RESTful
11 776 (8.23%) CSS
12 631 (6.69%) Kafka
13 504 (5.34%) Hibernate
14 473 (5.02%) XML
15 458 (4.86%) J2EE
16 404 (4.28%) SOAP
17 369 (3.91%) Vue.js
18 346 (3.67%) JSON
19 315 (3.34%) HTML5
20 232 (2.46%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 568 (6.02%) Greenfield Project
2 507 (5.38%) Analytical Skills
3 470 (4.98%) Hedge funds
4 411 (4.36%) Derivative
5 400 (4.24%) Fixed Income
6 375 (3.98%) Mobile App
7 354 (3.75%) Algorithms
8 320 (3.39%) User Experience
9 305 (3.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 260 (2.76%) Data Structures
11 259 (2.75%) Self-Motivation
12 256 (2.71%) Equities
13 202 (2.14%) Enterprise Software
14 177 (1.88%) Public Cloud
15 169 (1.79%) Cloud Native
16 100 (1.06%) Management Information System
17 87 (0.92%) Virtual Team
18 77 (0.82%) Linux Command Line
19 57 (0.60%) Client/Server
20 55 (0.58%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 1,343 (14.24%) Linux
2 608 (6.45%) Android
3 517 (5.48%) Windows
4 503 (5.33%) Unix
5 369 (3.91%) Apple iOS
6 77 (0.82%) CentOS
7 71 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 61 (0.65%) Windows Server
9 57 (0.60%) Ubuntu
10 38 (0.40%) Mac OS X
11 33 (0.35%) Mac OS
12 28 (0.30%) Debian
13 25 (0.27%) AIX
14 21 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
15 19 (0.20%) Windows Server 2016
16 15 (0.16%) CoreOS
17 14 (0.15%) Mesosphere
17 14 (0.15%) VMS
18 12 (0.13%) Solaris
19 11 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,380 (46.44%) Agile Software Development
2 2,478 (26.28%) Software Engineering
3 2,177 (23.08%) DevOps
4 1,918 (20.34%) Microservices
5 1,566 (16.60%) TDD
6 1,419 (15.05%) Test Automation
7 1,233 (13.07%) Scrum
8 1,037 (11.00%) OO
9 959 (10.17%) Continuous Integration
10 949 (10.06%) Computer Science
11 889 (9.43%) Fintech
12 884 (9.37%) BDD
13 877 (9.30%) Problem-Solving
14 791 (8.39%) Mentoring
15 656 (6.96%) Analytics
16 630 (6.68%) SDLC
17 596 (6.32%) Asset Management
18 592 (6.28%) Open Source
19 507 (5.38%) Machine Learning
20 449 (4.76%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 3,103 (32.90%) Python
2 2,783 (29.51%) JavaScript
3 2,123 (22.51%) SQL
4 1,793 (19.01%) C#
5 1,148 (12.17%) C++
6 885 (9.38%) Java 8
7 760 (8.06%) Scala
8 676 (7.17%) Kotlin
9 556 (5.90%) Go
10 512 (5.43%) Ruby
11 488 (5.17%) C
12 468 (4.96%) PHP
13 354 (3.75%) TypeScript
14 286 (3.03%) Bash Shell
15 248 (2.63%) R
16 185 (1.96%) Objective-C
17 181 (1.92%) PowerShell
18 177 (1.88%) Perl
19 172 (1.82%) PL/SQL
20 166 (1.76%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,192 (12.64%) Degree
2 531 (5.63%) Security Cleared
3 475 (5.04%) Computer Science Degree
4 303 (3.21%) SC Cleared
5 207 (2.19%) DV Cleared
6 132 (1.40%) ISTQB
7 100 (1.06%) Master's Degree
8 76 (0.81%) ISEB
9 71 (0.75%) PhD
10 60 (0.64%) Numerate Degree
11 51 (0.54%) AWS Certification
12 42 (0.45%) Sun Certification
13 23 (0.24%) CISSP
13 23 (0.24%) HND
14 20 (0.21%) CISM
15 17 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
16 16 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
16 16 (0.17%) ITIL Certification
17 15 (0.16%) PMI Certification
18 14 (0.15%) CSSLP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 646 (6.85%) QA
2 46 (0.49%) SLA
3 43 (0.46%) GDPR
3 43 (0.46%) NIST
4 42 (0.45%) Data Quality
5 25 (0.27%) COBIT
6 24 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 12 (0.13%) PCI DSS
8 7 (0.074%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 6 (0.064%) Government Security Classifications
9 6 (0.064%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 6 (0.064%) NCSC
10 4 (0.042%) COSO
10 4 (0.042%) MiFID
11 3 (0.032%) GxP
11 3 (0.032%) ISO 15022
11 3 (0.032%) ISO 20022
12 2 (0.021%) Basel II
12 2 (0.021%) PMO
12 2 (0.021%) PSD2
System Software
1 1,934 (20.51%) Docker
2 79 (0.84%) VMware Infrastructure
3 69 (0.73%) Active Directory
4 68 (0.72%) HDFS
5 53 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 44 (0.47%) vSphere
7 32 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
8 20 (0.21%) Hyper-V
9 17 (0.18%) Firmware
10 16 (0.17%) NFS
11 10 (0.11%) VirtualBox
12 9 (0.095%) GlusterFS
13 8 (0.085%) Postfix
14 7 (0.074%) Apache Flume
14 7 (0.074%) NDS
14 7 (0.074%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 7 (0.074%) XenApp
15 4 (0.042%) GPFS
15 4 (0.042%) Lustre
15 4 (0.042%) Slurm Workload Manager
Systems Management
1 1,489 (15.79%) Kubernetes
2 621 (6.58%) Terraform
3 557 (5.91%) Ansible
4 298 (3.16%) Puppet
5 235 (2.49%) Opscode Chef
6 90 (0.95%) Prometheus
7 86 (0.91%) Grafana
8 63 (0.67%) Kibana
9 47 (0.50%) Istio
10 46 (0.49%) Salt
11 45 (0.48%) Packer
12 38 (0.40%) Consul
13 36 (0.38%) Nagios
14 35 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
15 30 (0.32%) ZABBIX
16 28 (0.30%) logstash
17 24 (0.25%) Docker Swarm
18 22 (0.23%) Opsview
19 21 (0.22%) Data Guard
19 21 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 981 (10.40%) Oracle
2 571 (6.05%) Google
3 340 (3.61%) Microsoft
4 274 (2.91%) SAP
5 132 (1.40%) IBM
6 111 (1.18%) Salesforce.com
7 110 (1.17%) Red Hat
8 96 (1.02%) Atlassian
9 95 (1.01%) Splunk
10 92 (0.98%) VMware
11 90 (0.95%) Talend
12 86 (0.91%) ServiceNow
13 83 (0.88%) MuleSoft
14 70 (0.74%) Tableau
15 69 (0.73%) HP
15 69 (0.73%) Informatica
16 47 (0.50%) Adobe
16 47 (0.50%) Remedy
16 47 (0.50%) TIBCO
17 46 (0.49%) Bloomberg