Period
to 6 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 6 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
6 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 9 8 9
Rank change year-on-year -1 +1 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 12,371 21,732 26,867
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.29% 15.11% 15.52%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.87% 27.89% 27.68%
Number of salaries quoted 10,903 18,373 22,338
Median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% +1.85%
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £95,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 47,829 77,919 97,049
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.25% 54.18% 56.06%
Number of salaries quoted 39,279 63,690 80,835
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.77% +4.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +7.14%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 6 June 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 6 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 11,313 £65,000 +8.33% 953
London -1 6,424 £75,000 +7.14% 460
UK excluding London -1 5,624 £52,500 +5.00% 555
South East -6 1,874 £57,500 +4.55% 119
North of England -2 1,284 £50,000 - 149
Work from Home -2 941 £63,750 +2.00% 129
South West +3 763 £50,000 - 95
Yorkshire +5 631 £50,000 +11.11% 52
Midlands -2 596 £50,000 - 60
North West -4 589 £52,500 - 83
Scotland 0 524 £50,000 +5.26% 25
East of England -8 356 £50,000 -9.09% 70
West Midlands +1 329 £50,000 +5.26% 35
East Midlands -3 264 £50,000 - 24
Wales -3 193 £42,500 +6.25% 16
Northern Ireland -4 71 £42,000 -1.18% 21
North East -20 65 £45,000 - 14

For the 6 months to 6 June 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 5,855 (47.33%) Agile Software Development
2 3,741 (30.24%) Python
3 3,616 (29.23%) JavaScript
4 3,288 (26.58%) AWS
5 3,281 (26.52%) Software Engineering
6 2,932 (23.70%) Finance
7 2,860 (23.12%) SQL
8 2,710 (21.91%) Spring
9 2,640 (21.34%) DevOps
10 2,505 (20.25%) Microservices
11 2,481 (20.05%) Docker
12 2,407 (19.46%) C#
13 2,118 (17.12%) TDD
14 1,986 (16.05%) Test Automation
15 1,818 (14.70%) Kubernetes
16 1,766 (14.28%) Linux
17 1,764 (14.26%) Azure
18 1,736 (14.03%) Web Services
19 1,649 (13.33%) Jenkins
20 1,645 (13.30%) Scrum
21 1,624 (13.13%) Git (software)
22 1,613 (13.04%) AngularJS
23 1,570 (12.69%) C++
24 1,569 (12.68%) Degree
25 1,525 (12.33%) React
26 1,423 (11.50%) Node.js
27 1,420 (11.48%) HTML
28 1,404 (11.35%) .NET
29 1,395 (11.28%) Oracle
30 1,368 (11.06%) Banking

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 523 (4.23%) Apache Spark
2 439 (3.55%) Apache
3 412 (3.33%) Tomcat
4 354 (2.86%) Confluence
4 354 (2.86%) Elasticsearch
5 208 (1.68%) WebSphere
6 171 (1.38%) SharePoint
7 133 (1.08%) CMS
8 130 (1.05%) BizTalk Server
9 109 (0.88%) JBoss
10 73 (0.59%) SAS
11 72 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
12 70 (0.57%) IIS
13 69 (0.56%) nginx
14 68 (0.55%) WebLogic
15 66 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
16 57 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 55 (0.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 52 (0.42%) Apache Solr
19 42 (0.34%) Luigi
Applications
1 57 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 48 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
3 25 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
4 18 (0.15%) MS Visio
5 16 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 12 (0.097%) Chatbot
6 12 (0.097%) Photoshop
7 6 (0.049%) S-PLUS
8 3 (0.024%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.024%) Microsoft Project
8 3 (0.024%) Sketch
9 1 (0.008%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.008%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.008%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 151 (1.22%) Dynamics CRM
2 123 (0.99%) Dynamics AX
3 82 (0.66%) FINCAD Analytics
4 41 (0.33%) R3 Corda
5 36 (0.29%) Distributed Ledger
6 25 (0.20%) Magento
7 24 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
7 24 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
8 21 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
9 19 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
10 18 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
11 14 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 14 (0.11%) SAP CRM
12 13 (0.11%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
13 11 (0.089%) SAP GTS
14 10 (0.081%) SAP S/4HANA
15 7 (0.057%) Oracle Payables
16 6 (0.049%) Oracle Cash Management
16 6 (0.049%) Oracle EBS R12
17 5 (0.040%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
Cloud Services
1 3,288 (26.58%) AWS
2 1,764 (14.26%) Azure
3 963 (7.78%) GCP
4 492 (3.98%) SaaS
5 448 (3.62%) Serverless
6 324 (2.62%) GitHub
7 281 (2.27%) OpenShift
8 268 (2.17%) AWS Lambda
9 249 (2.01%) Amazon EC2
10 197 (1.59%) Amazon S3
11 177 (1.43%) PaaS
12 161 (1.30%) Amazon ECS
13 156 (1.26%) Amazon SQS
14 145 (1.17%) AWS CloudFormation
15 144 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
16 141 (1.14%) Dynamics 365
17 117 (0.95%) Power Platform
18 106 (0.86%) IaaS
19 61 (0.49%) Amazon EMR
20 60 (0.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 208 (1.68%) HTTP
2 168 (1.36%) Internet
3 157 (1.27%) TCP/IP
4 137 (1.11%) Firewall
5 64 (0.52%) DNS
6 52 (0.42%) Wireshark
7 51 (0.41%) FTP
8 39 (0.32%) SSL
9 28 (0.23%) VPN
10 26 (0.21%) MQTT
11 24 (0.19%) Network Security
11 24 (0.19%) SSH
12 21 (0.17%) VoIP
13 20 (0.16%) Broadband
13 20 (0.16%) Skype
14 17 (0.14%) Bluetooth
15 16 (0.13%) DHCP
16 14 (0.11%) Tactical Data Link
16 14 (0.11%) WebEx
17 13 (0.11%) DAB
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,100 (8.89%) NoSQL
2 842 (6.81%) PostgreSQL
3 827 (6.68%) SQL Server
4 789 (6.38%) MySQL
5 776 (6.27%) Big Data
6 713 (5.76%) Relational Database
7 600 (4.85%) Hadoop
8 585 (4.73%) MongoDB
9 319 (2.58%) Apache Cassandra
10 265 (2.14%) Data Warehouse
11 251 (2.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 251 (2.03%) Amazon Redshift
12 239 (1.93%) Redis
13 237 (1.92%) RDBMS
14 173 (1.40%) Oracle Database
15 172 (1.39%) BusinessObjects
16 154 (1.24%) Amazon RDS
17 151 (1.22%) Blockchain
18 149 (1.20%) DB2
19 142 (1.15%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,649 (13.33%) Jenkins
2 1,624 (13.13%) Git (software)
3 985 (7.96%) Selenium
4 892 (7.21%) Maven
5 852 (6.89%) JIRA
6 714 (5.77%) Cucumber
7 651 (5.26%) JUnit
8 296 (2.39%) WebDriver
9 265 (2.14%) Subversion
10 241 (1.95%) Gradle
11 227 (1.83%) Eclipse
12 218 (1.76%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 214 (1.73%) JMeter
14 203 (1.64%) GitLab
15 189 (1.53%) Bitbucket
16 178 (1.44%) SoapUI
17 176 (1.42%) TeamCity
18 154 (1.24%) Artifactory
19 146 (1.18%) Mockito
20 145 (1.17%) Postman
General
1 2,932 (23.70%) Finance
2 1,368 (11.06%) Banking
3 646 (5.22%) Front Office
4 511 (4.13%) Retail
5 341 (2.76%) Investment Banking
6 331 (2.68%) Games
7 295 (2.38%) Public Sector
8 256 (2.07%) Marketing
9 161 (1.30%) Back Office
10 149 (1.20%) Financial Institution
10 149 (1.20%) Telecoms
11 141 (1.14%) Law
12 122 (0.99%) Manufacturing
13 102 (0.82%) Advertising
14 87 (0.70%) Legal
15 84 (0.68%) Electronics
16 57 (0.46%) Aerospace
17 49 (0.40%) Publishing
18 43 (0.35%) Automotive
19 40 (0.32%) Military
Job Titles
1 6,040 (48.82%) Developer
2 3,800 (30.72%) Java Developer
3 1,539 (12.44%) Software Engineer
4 1,405 (11.36%) Senior Developer
5 1,032 (8.34%) Senior Java Developer
6 989 (7.99%) Java Engineer
7 743 (6.01%) Architect
8 629 (5.08%) Software Developer
9 600 (4.85%) Java Software Engineer
10 442 (3.57%) DevOps Engineer
11 424 (3.43%) Analyst
12 398 (3.22%) Junior
13 397 (3.21%) Senior Software Engineer
14 390 (3.15%) Lead Developer
15 387 (3.13%) Full Stack Developer
16 375 (3.03%) AWS Engineer
17 361 (2.92%) AWS Developer
18 349 (2.82%) Solutions Architect
19 339 (2.74%) Data Engineer
20 335 (2.71%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,710 (21.91%) Spring
2 1,736 (14.03%) Web Services
3 1,613 (13.04%) AngularJS
4 1,525 (12.33%) React
5 1,423 (11.50%) Node.js
6 1,420 (11.48%) HTML
7 1,404 (11.35%) .NET
8 1,350 (10.91%) Spring Boot
9 1,196 (9.67%) CSS
10 1,182 (9.55%) RESTful
11 1,155 (9.34%) REST
12 831 (6.72%) Kafka
13 751 (6.07%) Hibernate
14 715 (5.78%) J2EE
15 617 (4.99%) XML
16 516 (4.17%) SOAP
17 489 (3.95%) HTML5
18 426 (3.44%) JSON
19 367 (2.97%) Vue.js
20 295 (2.38%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 734 (5.93%) Greenfield Project
2 701 (5.67%) Analytical Skills
3 538 (4.35%) Hedge funds
4 513 (4.15%) Derivative
5 480 (3.88%) User Experience
6 473 (3.82%) Mobile App
7 463 (3.74%) Fixed Income
8 415 (3.35%) Algorithms
9 365 (2.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 325 (2.63%) Self-Motivation
11 317 (2.56%) Enterprise Software
12 309 (2.50%) Data Structures
13 303 (2.45%) Equities
14 249 (2.01%) Public Cloud
15 180 (1.46%) Cloud Native
16 131 (1.06%) Management Information System
17 130 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
18 111 (0.90%) Virtual Team
19 106 (0.86%) Blog
20 85 (0.69%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,766 (14.28%) Linux
2 714 (5.77%) Android
3 672 (5.43%) Unix
4 643 (5.20%) Windows
5 480 (3.88%) Apple iOS
6 112 (0.91%) Mac OS X
7 99 (0.80%) CentOS
8 85 (0.69%) Windows Server
9 68 (0.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 59 (0.48%) Ubuntu
11 44 (0.36%) Mac OS
12 39 (0.32%) Debian
13 28 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
14 24 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
15 23 (0.19%) Solaris
16 21 (0.17%) Windows Server 2016
17 16 (0.13%) VMS
18 14 (0.11%) AIX
19 11 (0.089%) CoreOS
19 11 (0.089%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,855 (47.33%) Agile Software Development
2 3,281 (26.52%) Software Engineering
3 2,640 (21.34%) DevOps
4 2,505 (20.25%) Microservices
5 2,118 (17.12%) TDD
6 1,986 (16.05%) Test Automation
7 1,645 (13.30%) Scrum
8 1,333 (10.78%) OO
9 1,262 (10.20%) Computer Science
10 1,257 (10.16%) Continuous Integration
11 1,250 (10.10%) Problem-Solving
12 1,215 (9.82%) BDD
13 1,129 (9.13%) Fintech
14 1,062 (8.58%) Mentoring
15 932 (7.53%) Analytics
16 829 (6.70%) Open Source
17 795 (6.43%) SDLC
18 710 (5.74%) Machine Learning
19 659 (5.33%) Asset Management
20 646 (5.22%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 3,741 (30.24%) Python
2 3,616 (29.23%) JavaScript
3 2,860 (23.12%) SQL
4 2,407 (19.46%) C#
5 1,570 (12.69%) C++
6 1,310 (10.59%) Java 8
7 970 (7.84%) Scala
8 825 (6.67%) Kotlin
9 694 (5.61%) Ruby
10 654 (5.29%) Go
11 638 (5.16%) C
12 613 (4.96%) PHP
13 483 (3.90%) TypeScript
14 359 (2.90%) Bash Shell
15 285 (2.30%) R
16 269 (2.17%) PL/SQL
17 237 (1.92%) Objective-C
18 225 (1.82%) Groovy
19 221 (1.79%) Perl
20 215 (1.74%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 1,569 (12.68%) Degree
2 660 (5.34%) Computer Science Degree
3 622 (5.03%) Security Cleared
4 348 (2.81%) SC Cleared
5 215 (1.74%) DV Cleared
6 170 (1.37%) ISTQB
7 126 (1.02%) Master's Degree
8 105 (0.85%) ISEB
9 83 (0.67%) PhD
10 70 (0.57%) AWS Certification
11 67 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
12 34 (0.27%) HND
13 26 (0.21%) Sun Certification
14 20 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
14 20 (0.16%) PMI Certification
15 19 (0.15%) SANS
16 15 (0.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 14 (0.11%) CISSP
17 14 (0.11%) CREST Certified
17 14 (0.11%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 937 (7.57%) QA
2 42 (0.34%) GDPR
3 41 (0.33%) Data Quality
3 41 (0.33%) SLA
4 22 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 20 (0.16%) COBIT
6 16 (0.13%) NIST
6 16 (0.13%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.065%) Government Security Classifications
7 8 (0.065%) NCSC
8 7 (0.057%) ISO 15022
8 7 (0.057%) ISO 20022
9 6 (0.049%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 6 (0.049%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 5 (0.040%) PMO
10 5 (0.040%) SEPA
11 4 (0.032%) COSO
11 4 (0.032%) EMIR
12 3 (0.024%) GxP
12 3 (0.024%) MiFID
System Software
1 2,481 (20.05%) Docker
2 75 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 74 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
4 70 (0.57%) Active Directory
5 59 (0.48%) HDFS
6 58 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
7 40 (0.32%) vSphere
8 29 (0.23%) Firmware
9 18 (0.15%) Hyper-V
10 15 (0.12%) Postfix
11 14 (0.11%) Apache Flume
12 10 (0.081%) ACF2
12 10 (0.081%) RACF
13 9 (0.073%) NFS
14 6 (0.049%) VirtualBox
15 5 (0.040%) GlusterFS
15 5 (0.040%) Oracle RAC
15 5 (0.040%) vCloud
15 5 (0.040%) Virtual Servers
16 4 (0.032%) Lustre
Systems Management
1 1,818 (14.70%) Kubernetes
2 704 (5.69%) Ansible
2 704 (5.69%) Terraform
3 345 (2.79%) Puppet
4 283 (2.29%) Opscode Chef
5 86 (0.70%) Prometheus
6 81 (0.65%) Grafana
7 79 (0.64%) Salt
8 72 (0.58%) Kibana
9 58 (0.47%) Packer
10 45 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
10 45 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
11 41 (0.33%) Istio
11 41 (0.33%) Mesos
12 37 (0.30%) Nagios
13 36 (0.29%) Consul
14 28 (0.23%) ZABBIX
15 25 (0.20%) logstash
16 23 (0.19%) Marathon
16 23 (0.19%) Rancher
Vendors
1 1,395 (11.28%) Oracle
2 632 (5.11%) Google
3 436 (3.52%) Microsoft
4 361 (2.92%) SAP
5 177 (1.43%) IBM
6 146 (1.18%) Atlassian
6 146 (1.18%) Salesforce.com
7 126 (1.02%) Red Hat
8 102 (0.82%) Tableau
9 101 (0.82%) MuleSoft
10 96 (0.78%) Bloomberg
10 96 (0.78%) VMware
11 92 (0.74%) Informatica
12 87 (0.70%) HP
12 87 (0.70%) Talend
13 85 (0.69%) Splunk
14 71 (0.57%) Adobe
15 59 (0.48%) ServiceNow
16 58 (0.47%) FIS
16 58 (0.47%) WorldPay