Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 8 8 13
Rank change year-on-year 0 +5 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 26,472 28,152 27,609
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.67% 15.97% 14.01%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.07% 28.75% 26.74%
Number of salaries quoted 20,952 21,691 23,452
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% - +10.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,269 £45,000
% change year-on-year +10.45% +0.60% +2.27%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 94,322 97,925 103,267
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.82% 55.56% 52.40%
Number of salaries quoted 78,325 80,918 89,393
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,000 £28,750 £28,250
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 24,620 £57,500 +4.55% 3,351
UK excluding London +3 13,469 £50,000 +10.45% 2,034
London 0 12,635 £67,500 +3.85% 1,568
South East +1 4,051 £52,500 +5.00% 480
North of England +1 3,143 £47,500 - 529
South West -1 1,660 £47,500 +11.76% 253
North West +3 1,632 £49,000 +3.16% 292
East of England -3 1,595 £52,500 +16.67% 274
Midlands +1 1,537 £48,250 +13.53% 245
Yorkshire +2 1,245 £45,000 -10.00% 202
Scotland 0 1,123 £50,000 +5.26% 170
West Midlands +3 928 £47,500 +14.46% 141
East Midlands -2 604 £50,000 +11.11% 104
Wales +8 337 £40,000 -5.88% 47
North East +4 274 £47,500 +26.67% 35
Northern Ireland -2 92 £40,000 -5.88% 36
Channel Islands - 4 £70,000 -

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 13,059 (49.33%) Agile Software Development
2 7,820 (29.54%) JavaScript
3 7,429 (28.06%) SQL
4 6,555 (24.76%) Python
5 6,530 (24.67%) Finance
6 6,097 (23.03%) Spring
7 6,011 (22.71%) Software Engineering
8 5,477 (20.69%) TDD
9 5,360 (20.25%) C#
10 4,889 (18.47%) HTML
11 4,601 (17.38%) Linux
12 4,587 (17.33%) Amazon AWS
13 4,499 (17.00%) Test Automation
14 4,472 (16.89%) Degree
15 4,304 (16.26%) Scrum
16 4,115 (15.54%) DevOps
17 4,003 (15.12%) Web Services
18 3,834 (14.48%) Microservices
19 3,771 (14.25%) Continuous Integration
20 3,764 (14.22%) C++
21 3,761 (14.21%) CSS
22 3,487 (13.17%) Oracle
23 3,474 (13.12%) AngularJS
24 3,450 (13.03%) .NET
25 3,423 (12.93%) Git (software)
26 3,394 (12.82%) OO
27 3,339 (12.61%) Jenkins
28 3,177 (12.00%) Computer Science
29 3,157 (11.93%) Problem-Solving
30 3,151 (11.90%) Docker

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,383 (5.22%) Tomcat
2 1,191 (4.50%) Apache Spark
3 1,171 (4.42%) Apache
4 948 (3.58%) Elasticsearch
5 852 (3.22%) JBoss
6 722 (2.73%) Confluence
7 543 (2.05%) WebSphere
8 460 (1.74%) WebLogic
9 372 (1.41%) CMS
10 368 (1.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 290 (1.10%) IIS
12 238 (0.90%) Apache Solr
13 222 (0.84%) nginx
14 201 (0.76%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 193 (0.73%) Ethereum
16 175 (0.66%) Cloud Foundry
17 158 (0.60%) Apache Pig
18 132 (0.50%) OpenStack
19 131 (0.49%) SAS
20 124 (0.47%) Mule
Applications
1 193 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
2 127 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
3 99 (0.37%) Photoshop
4 60 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 38 (0.14%) MS Visio
6 34 (0.13%) Chatbot
7 27 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
8 20 (0.076%) Microsoft Project
9 19 (0.072%) Adobe Illustrator
10 17 (0.064%) SPSS
11 15 (0.057%) GNU Octave
12 9 (0.034%) Mingle
13 8 (0.030%) HipChat
13 8 (0.030%) Mathematica
13 8 (0.030%) RoboHelp
14 6 (0.023%) Doxygen
14 6 (0.023%) Simulink
15 4 (0.015%) Acrobat
15 4 (0.015%) Maya
16 3 (0.011%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 108 (0.41%) SAP Hybris
2 100 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
3 91 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
4 67 (0.25%) thinkFolio
5 56 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
6 54 (0.20%) Magento
7 46 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 41 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
9 40 (0.15%) Ripple
10 29 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
10 29 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
11 26 (0.098%) Oracle BPM
12 25 (0.094%) Oracle ERP
12 25 (0.094%) Oracle General Ledger
13 24 (0.091%) SAP ERP
14 22 (0.083%) R3 Corda
14 22 (0.083%) SAP S/4HANA
15 21 (0.079%) Oracle EBS
16 18 (0.068%) Front Arena
16 18 (0.068%) Markit EDM
Cloud Services
1 4,587 (17.33%) Amazon AWS
2 1,851 (6.99%) Microsoft Azure
3 787 (2.97%) SaaS
4 719 (2.72%) Google Cloud Platform
5 691 (2.61%) GitHub
6 450 (1.70%) PaaS
7 446 (1.68%) Cloud Computing
8 367 (1.39%) Amazon EC2
9 326 (1.23%) Serverless
10 271 (1.02%) AWS CloudFormation
11 256 (0.97%) OpenShift
12 253 (0.96%) Amazon S3
13 242 (0.91%) IaaS
14 182 (0.69%) AWS Lambda
15 131 (0.49%) IBM Cloud
16 110 (0.42%) Slack
17 108 (0.41%) npm
18 102 (0.39%) Office 365
19 88 (0.33%) Amazon Kinesis
20 80 (0.30%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 633 (2.39%) HTTP
2 512 (1.93%) Internet
3 412 (1.56%) TCP/IP
4 307 (1.16%) DNS
5 270 (1.02%) Firewall
6 230 (0.87%) SSL
7 122 (0.46%) VPN
8 115 (0.43%) SMS
9 87 (0.33%) FTP
10 70 (0.26%) AMQP
11 63 (0.24%) DHCP
12 62 (0.23%) SAN
13 56 (0.21%) LAN
13 56 (0.21%) Wireless
14 52 (0.20%) HTTPS
15 48 (0.18%) WAN
16 44 (0.17%) SSH
17 42 (0.16%) Bluetooth
18 40 (0.15%) Network Security
19 34 (0.13%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,819 (10.65%) Big Data
2 2,533 (9.57%) NoSQL
3 2,170 (8.20%) MySQL
4 2,101 (7.94%) SQL Server
5 1,873 (7.08%) Relational Database
6 1,608 (6.07%) MongoDB
7 1,597 (6.03%) Hadoop
8 1,252 (4.73%) PostgreSQL
9 871 (3.29%) Apache Cassandra
10 714 (2.70%) RDBMS
11 622 (2.35%) Blockchain
12 497 (1.88%) Apache Hive
13 480 (1.81%) Oracle Database
14 451 (1.70%) Data Warehouse
15 424 (1.60%) Redis
16 315 (1.19%) DB2
17 282 (1.07%) HBase
18 272 (1.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 211 (0.80%) Amazon RDS
20 197 (0.74%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 3,423 (12.93%) Git (software)
2 3,339 (12.61%) Jenkins
3 2,447 (9.24%) Selenium
4 2,314 (8.74%) Maven
5 1,985 (7.50%) JIRA
6 1,811 (6.84%) JUnit
7 1,683 (6.36%) Cucumber
8 966 (3.65%) Subversion
9 876 (3.31%) Gradle
10 769 (2.90%) WebDriver
11 701 (2.65%) Eclipse
12 637 (2.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 559 (2.11%) TeamCity
14 469 (1.77%) JMeter
15 409 (1.55%) SoapUI
16 408 (1.54%) Bitbucket
17 385 (1.45%) Visual Studio
18 382 (1.44%) Ant
19 353 (1.33%) Mockito
20 338 (1.28%) SpecFlow
General
1 6,530 (24.67%) Finance
2 2,748 (10.38%) Banking
3 1,242 (4.69%) Investment Banking
4 1,200 (4.53%) Retail
5 962 (3.63%) Games
6 925 (3.49%) Financial Institution
7 895 (3.38%) Front Office
8 759 (2.87%) Advertising
9 617 (2.33%) Marketing
10 599 (2.26%) Telecoms
11 374 (1.41%) Manufacturing
12 345 (1.30%) Law
13 317 (1.20%) Electronics
14 228 (0.86%) Back Office
15 200 (0.76%) Publishing
16 131 (0.49%) Automotive
17 121 (0.46%) Legal
18 113 (0.43%) French Language
19 98 (0.37%) Retail Banking
20 96 (0.36%) German Language
Job Titles
1 13,719 (51.82%) Developer
2 8,357 (31.57%) Java Developer
3 2,867 (10.83%) Software Engineer
4 2,745 (10.37%) Senior Developer
5 2,022 (7.64%) Java Engineer
6 1,973 (7.45%) Senior Java Developer
7 1,815 (6.86%) Software Developer
8 1,747 (6.60%) Architect
9 1,204 (4.55%) Java Software Engineer
10 1,156 (4.37%) Analyst
11 1,040 (3.93%) Graduate
12 938 (3.54%) Lead Developer
13 868 (3.28%) Junior
14 848 (3.20%) DevOps Engineer
15 737 (2.78%) Java Software Developer
16 725 (2.74%) Graduate Developer
17 714 (2.70%) Consultant
18 711 (2.69%) Tester
19 706 (2.67%) Solutions Architect
20 670 (2.53%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,097 (23.03%) Spring
2 4,889 (18.47%) HTML
3 4,003 (15.12%) Web Services
4 3,761 (14.21%) CSS
5 3,474 (13.12%) AngularJS
6 3,450 (13.03%) .NET
7 2,894 (10.93%) REST
8 2,607 (9.85%) RESTful
9 2,473 (9.34%) Hibernate
10 2,293 (8.66%) XML
11 2,185 (8.25%) React
12 2,059 (7.78%) Node.js
13 2,016 (7.62%) J2EE
14 1,761 (6.65%) Spring Boot
15 1,641 (6.20%) HTML5
16 1,412 (5.33%) SOAP
17 1,316 (4.97%) Java EE
18 1,303 (4.92%) JSON
19 1,248 (4.71%) jQuery
20 1,201 (4.54%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 3,177 (12.00%) Computer Science
2 1,955 (7.39%) Analytical Skills
3 1,805 (6.82%) Fintech
4 1,698 (6.41%) Greenfield Project
5 1,232 (4.65%) User Experience
6 1,200 (4.53%) Algorithms
7 1,023 (3.86%) Enterprise Software
8 921 (3.48%) Mobile App
9 754 (2.85%) Self-Motivation
10 661 (2.50%) Cyberthreat
11 650 (2.46%) Data Structures
12 521 (1.97%) Fixed Income
13 477 (1.80%) Equities
14 466 (1.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 437 (1.65%) Hedge funds
16 422 (1.59%) Derivative
17 379 (1.43%) Management Information System
18 282 (1.07%) Public Cloud
19 252 (0.95%) Virtual Team
20 235 (0.89%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 4,601 (17.38%) Linux
2 1,853 (7.00%) Unix
3 1,768 (6.68%) Windows
4 1,263 (4.77%) Android
5 828 (3.13%) Apple iOS
6 313 (1.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 231 (0.87%) Windows Server
8 210 (0.79%) CentOS
9 141 (0.53%) Solaris
10 131 (0.49%) Mac OS X
11 126 (0.48%) Ubuntu
12 113 (0.43%) AIX
13 85 (0.32%) Mac OS
14 73 (0.28%) Debian
15 52 (0.20%) HPUX
16 33 (0.12%) Windows Phone
17 31 (0.12%) Windows 7
18 28 (0.11%) FreeBSD
19 27 (0.10%) CoreOS
20 26 (0.098%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 13,059 (49.33%) Agile Software Development
2 6,011 (22.71%) Software Engineering
3 5,477 (20.69%) TDD
4 4,499 (17.00%) Test Automation
5 4,304 (16.26%) Scrum
6 4,115 (15.54%) DevOps
7 3,834 (14.48%) Microservices
8 3,771 (14.25%) Continuous Integration
9 3,394 (12.82%) OO
10 3,157 (11.93%) Problem-Solving
11 2,864 (10.82%) BDD
12 2,561 (9.67%) SDLC
13 2,333 (8.81%) Open Source
14 1,977 (7.47%) Mentoring
15 1,799 (6.80%) MVC
16 1,729 (6.53%) Analytics
17 1,589 (6.00%) Machine Learning
18 1,533 (5.79%) Web Development
19 1,515 (5.72%) OOP
20 1,405 (5.31%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 7,820 (29.54%) JavaScript
2 7,429 (28.06%) SQL
3 6,555 (24.76%) Python
4 5,360 (20.25%) C#
5 3,764 (14.22%) C++
6 2,990 (11.29%) Java 8
7 2,308 (8.72%) Scala
8 2,133 (8.06%) PHP
9 1,759 (6.64%) Ruby
10 1,469 (5.55%) C
11 1,016 (3.84%) Perl
12 924 (3.49%) Bash Shell
13 921 (3.48%) Go
14 777 (2.94%) PL/SQL
15 672 (2.54%) Shell Script
16 571 (2.16%) PowerShell
17 561 (2.12%) Groovy
18 496 (1.87%) Kotlin
19 493 (1.86%) R
20 383 (1.45%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 4,472 (16.89%) Degree
2 1,483 (5.60%) Computer Science Degree
3 854 (3.23%) Security Cleared
4 541 (2.04%) PhD
5 385 (1.45%) SC Cleared
6 365 (1.38%) Master's Degree
7 348 (1.31%) DV Cleared
8 244 (0.92%) Numerate Degree
9 233 (0.88%) ISTQB
10 203 (0.77%) ISEB
11 123 (0.46%) CISSP
12 108 (0.41%) Microsoft Certification
13 103 (0.39%) AWS Certification
14 71 (0.27%) MCSE
15 65 (0.25%) SANS
16 64 (0.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 61 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
18 57 (0.22%) Network+ Certification
18 57 (0.22%) SSCP
19 56 (0.21%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,285 (8.63%) QA
2 221 (0.83%) GCP
3 129 (0.49%) SLA
4 118 (0.45%) Data Quality
5 67 (0.25%) PCI DSS
6 63 (0.24%) GDPR
7 48 (0.18%) MiFID
8 31 (0.12%) PMO
9 23 (0.087%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 23 (0.087%) PSD2
10 20 (0.076%) SEPA
11 19 (0.072%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 17 (0.064%) ISO 9001
13 15 (0.057%) ECSS
14 11 (0.042%) ISO 20022
15 9 (0.034%) DICOM
15 9 (0.034%) MISRA
16 8 (0.030%) PA-DSS
17 7 (0.026%) HIPAA
17 7 (0.026%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 3,151 (11.90%) Docker
2 234 (0.88%) HDFS
3 229 (0.87%) Active Directory
4 228 (0.86%) VMware Infrastructure
5 126 (0.48%) Apache Flume
6 123 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
7 91 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 80 (0.30%) vSphere
9 62 (0.23%) Hyper-V
10 37 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
11 28 (0.11%) Firmware
12 27 (0.10%) GridGain
12 27 (0.10%) Xen
13 26 (0.098%) VMware ESXi
14 21 (0.079%) KVM
15 15 (0.057%) Varnish
15 15 (0.057%) VirtualBox
16 12 (0.045%) Virtual Servers
17 10 (0.038%) oVirt
17 10 (0.038%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 1,371 (5.18%) Ansible
2 1,310 (4.95%) Kubernetes
3 1,196 (4.52%) Puppet
4 941 (3.55%) Opscode Chef
5 837 (3.16%) Terraform
6 226 (0.85%) Salt
7 210 (0.79%) Nagios
8 134 (0.51%) Docker Swarm
9 131 (0.49%) Kibana
10 123 (0.46%) Packer
11 117 (0.44%) Prometheus
12 109 (0.41%) logstash
13 97 (0.37%) Grafana
14 86 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
15 85 (0.32%) Mesos
16 83 (0.31%) ZABBIX
17 80 (0.30%) Graphite
18 79 (0.30%) Consul
19 64 (0.24%) Oozie
20 54 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 3,487 (13.17%) Oracle
2 1,409 (5.32%) Microsoft
3 1,079 (4.08%) Google
4 670 (2.53%) SAP
5 479 (1.81%) IBM
6 444 (1.68%) Red Hat
7 429 (1.62%) Salesforce.com
8 424 (1.60%) Sybase
9 353 (1.33%) VMware
10 331 (1.25%) Splunk
11 305 (1.15%) Atlassian
12 281 (1.06%) hybris
13 280 (1.06%) Adobe
14 239 (0.90%) Tableau
15 238 (0.90%) TIBCO
16 233 (0.88%) Cloudera
17 230 (0.87%) Capita
18 209 (0.79%) AppDynamics
19 185 (0.70%) WorldPay
20 162 (0.61%) Hortonworks