Period
to 20 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 20 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 12 8 8
Rank change year-on-year -4 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 7,241 20,109 26,262
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.76% 14.23% 15.70%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.07% 26.62% 28.22%
Number of salaries quoted 6,791 17,104 21,636
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +8.70% +4.55%
10th Percentile £40,000 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £112,500 £97,500 £91,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +7.53%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 28,879 75,554 93,057
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 58.85% 53.48% 55.64%
Number of salaries quoted 24,159 61,748 77,360
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 6,627 £66,000 +5.60% 1,384
London -2 3,877 £77,500 +3.33% 709
UK excluding London -4 3,182 £55,000 +10.00% 778
South East -1 1,024 £60,000 +9.09% 191
Work from Home -1 904 £60,000 -7.69% 245
North of England -4 785 £50,000 - 216
South West +5 477 £50,000 - 108
Yorkshire +7 392 £50,000 +5.26% 65
Scotland +3 325 £50,000 +5.26% 73
North West -12 320 £52,500 - 115
Midlands -18 227 £51,500 +8.42% 77
East of England -8 185 £55,000 - 74
West Midlands -11 140 £50,000 +5.26% 52
Wales -10 86 £45,000 +8.43% 19
East Midlands -17 82 £52,500 +10.53% 25
Northern Ireland -2 81 £45,000 +5.88% 20
North East -2 72 £47,500 - 36

For the 6 months to 20 September 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 3,289 (45.42%) Agile Software Development
2 2,509 (34.65%) Python
3 2,237 (30.89%) JavaScript
4 2,217 (30.62%) AWS
5 1,887 (26.06%) Software Engineering
6 1,881 (25.98%) Finance
7 1,671 (23.08%) DevOps
8 1,667 (23.02%) SQL
9 1,576 (21.76%) Microservices
10 1,494 (20.63%) Spring
11 1,425 (19.68%) Docker
12 1,244 (17.18%) Azure
13 1,238 (17.10%) Web Services
14 1,229 (16.97%) C#
15 1,217 (16.81%) Kubernetes
16 1,146 (15.83%) TDD
17 1,021 (14.10%) Test Automation
18 991 (13.69%) AngularJS
19 979 (13.52%) Linux
20 972 (13.42%) React
21 941 (13.00%) Jenkins
22 931 (12.86%) Scrum
23 869 (12.00%) Degree
24 863 (11.92%) Git (software)
25 810 (11.19%) C++
26 798 (11.02%) Banking
27 793 (10.95%) Node.js
28 780 (10.77%) .NET
29 777 (10.73%) Spring Boot
30 769 (10.62%) GCP

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 338 (4.67%) Apache Spark
2 323 (4.46%) Apache
3 281 (3.88%) Elasticsearch
4 238 (3.29%) Confluence
5 194 (2.68%) Tomcat
6 110 (1.52%) WebSphere
7 67 (0.93%) BizTalk Server
7 67 (0.93%) SharePoint
8 64 (0.88%) SAS
9 60 (0.83%) JBoss
10 55 (0.76%) Cloud Foundry
10 55 (0.76%) WebLogic
11 44 (0.61%) CMS
12 41 (0.57%) IIS
13 35 (0.48%) nginx
14 33 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 33 (0.46%) Oracle Workflow
15 22 (0.30%) Apache Airflow
16 19 (0.26%) WordPress
17 18 (0.25%) GlassFish
Applications
1 16 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
2 15 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.12%) Chatbot
3 9 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
4 7 (0.097%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.069%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.041%) Maya
7 2 (0.028%) Blender
7 2 (0.028%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.028%) S-PLUS
8 1 (0.014%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.014%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.014%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.014%) Simulink
8 1 (0.014%) Sketch
8 1 (0.014%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 62 (0.86%) Dynamics CRM
2 59 (0.81%) Dynamics AX
3 53 (0.73%) R3 Corda
4 50 (0.69%) Distributed Ledger
5 35 (0.48%) Remedy ITSM
6 29 (0.40%) FINCAD Analytics
7 21 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
8 15 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
8 15 (0.21%) SAP GTS
9 14 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
10 13 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
11 9 (0.12%) Magento
11 9 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
12 8 (0.11%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
13 7 (0.097%) Oracle Applications
13 7 (0.097%) Sentinel
14 6 (0.083%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
14 6 (0.083%) Salesforce.com CRM
15 4 (0.055%) Front Arena
15 4 (0.055%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 2,217 (30.62%) AWS
2 1,244 (17.18%) Azure
3 769 (10.62%) GCP
4 367 (5.07%) Serverless
5 343 (4.74%) SaaS
6 266 (3.67%) AWS Lambda
7 203 (2.80%) GitHub
8 192 (2.65%) Amazon EC2
9 156 (2.15%) OpenShift
10 146 (2.02%) Amazon ECS
11 141 (1.95%) PaaS
12 118 (1.63%) AWS CloudFormation
13 112 (1.55%) Amazon S3
14 109 (1.51%) IaaS
15 94 (1.30%) Power Platform
16 86 (1.19%) Apigee
17 76 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
18 66 (0.91%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 61 (0.84%) Amazon SQS
20 59 (0.81%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 124 (1.71%) HTTP
2 70 (0.97%) Firewall
3 69 (0.95%) Internet
4 63 (0.87%) TCP/IP
5 49 (0.68%) DNS
6 39 (0.54%) FTP
7 22 (0.30%) Skype
7 22 (0.30%) SSL
8 20 (0.28%) AMQP
8 20 (0.28%) SSH
8 20 (0.28%) VPN
8 20 (0.28%) Wireless
9 19 (0.26%) HTTPS
10 18 (0.25%) Broadband
11 16 (0.22%) Kerberos
12 15 (0.21%) Bluetooth
13 14 (0.19%) Network Security
14 12 (0.17%) WebEx
15 10 (0.14%) 5G
16 9 (0.12%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 707 (9.76%) NoSQL
2 579 (8.00%) Big Data
3 525 (7.25%) PostgreSQL
4 509 (7.03%) MySQL
5 503 (6.95%) SQL Server
6 375 (5.18%) Hadoop
7 369 (5.10%) MongoDB
8 298 (4.12%) Relational Database
9 215 (2.97%) Apache Cassandra
10 187 (2.58%) Data Warehouse
11 174 (2.40%) Amazon Redshift
12 166 (2.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 127 (1.75%) Blockchain
14 121 (1.67%) Apache Hive
15 120 (1.66%) Redis
16 116 (1.60%) BusinessObjects
17 112 (1.55%) Oracle Database
18 91 (1.26%) RDBMS
19 87 (1.20%) Power BI
20 72 (0.99%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 941 (13.00%) Jenkins
2 863 (11.92%) Git (software)
3 545 (7.53%) JIRA
4 526 (7.26%) Selenium
5 410 (5.66%) Maven
6 361 (4.99%) JUnit
7 358 (4.94%) Cucumber
8 214 (2.96%) GitLab
9 161 (2.22%) Gradle
10 147 (2.03%) Mockito
10 147 (2.03%) Subversion
11 133 (1.84%) Artifactory
12 125 (1.73%) WebDriver
13 102 (1.41%) Bitbucket
14 96 (1.33%) TeamCity
15 89 (1.23%) Eclipse
15 89 (1.23%) JMeter
15 89 (1.23%) SoapUI
16 77 (1.06%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 73 (1.01%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,881 (25.98%) Finance
2 798 (11.02%) Banking
3 521 (7.20%) Front Office
4 246 (3.40%) Investment Banking
5 214 (2.96%) Public Sector
6 195 (2.69%) Retail
7 163 (2.25%) Games
8 119 (1.64%) Marketing
9 111 (1.53%) Back Office
10 105 (1.45%) Law
11 87 (1.20%) Telecoms
12 76 (1.05%) Manufacturing
13 72 (0.99%) Advertising
14 46 (0.64%) Financial Institution
15 42 (0.58%) Electronics
16 33 (0.46%) Publishing
17 31 (0.43%) Legal
18 22 (0.30%) Retail Banking
19 20 (0.28%) Italian Language
20 18 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,592 (49.61%) Developer
2 2,047 (28.27%) Java Developer
3 991 (13.69%) Software Engineer
4 672 (9.28%) Senior Developer
5 622 (8.59%) Java Engineer
6 476 (6.57%) Architect
7 457 (6.31%) Senior Java Developer
8 347 (4.79%) Java Software Engineer
9 330 (4.56%) DevOps Engineer
10 292 (4.03%) AWS Engineer
10 292 (4.03%) Python Developer
11 291 (4.02%) Software Developer
12 286 (3.95%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 267 (3.69%) Full Stack Developer
13 267 (3.69%) Python Engineer
14 260 (3.59%) Lead Developer
15 227 (3.13%) AWS Developer
16 210 (2.90%) Data Engineer
17 194 (2.68%) Solutions Architect
18 183 (2.53%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,494 (20.63%) Spring
2 1,238 (17.10%) Web Services
3 991 (13.69%) AngularJS
4 972 (13.42%) React
5 793 (10.95%) Node.js
6 780 (10.77%) .NET
7 777 (10.73%) Spring Boot
8 678 (9.36%) REST
9 652 (9.00%) HTML
10 586 (8.09%) RESTful
11 560 (7.73%) CSS
12 555 (7.66%) Kafka
13 382 (5.28%) Vue.js
14 360 (4.97%) J2EE
15 329 (4.54%) Hibernate
16 318 (4.39%) XML
17 302 (4.17%) SOAP
18 271 (3.74%) JSON
19 198 (2.73%) RabbitMQ
20 194 (2.68%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 523 (7.22%) Hedge funds
2 466 (6.44%) Greenfield Project
3 462 (6.38%) Fixed Income
4 433 (5.98%) Derivative
5 371 (5.12%) Analytical Skills
6 327 (4.52%) Algorithms
7 303 (4.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 286 (3.95%) Mobile App
9 278 (3.84%) Equities
10 224 (3.09%) Data Structures
11 173 (2.39%) User Experience
12 170 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
13 146 (2.02%) Public Cloud
14 141 (1.95%) Cloud Native
15 121 (1.67%) Enterprise Software
16 93 (1.28%) Management Information System
17 70 (0.97%) Virtual Team
18 67 (0.93%) Credit Derivative
19 53 (0.73%) Blog
19 53 (0.73%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 979 (13.52%) Linux
2 455 (6.28%) Android
3 364 (5.03%) Unix
4 318 (4.39%) Windows
5 258 (3.56%) Apple iOS
6 63 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 57 (0.79%) CentOS
8 34 (0.47%) Ubuntu
9 30 (0.41%) Windows Server
10 24 (0.33%) AIX
11 18 (0.25%) VMS
12 16 (0.22%) Mac OS
12 16 (0.22%) Mac OS X
13 14 (0.19%) Debian
14 12 (0.17%) Mesosphere
15 11 (0.15%) CoreOS
16 9 (0.12%) Solaris
17 7 (0.097%) Windows Server 2012
18 6 (0.083%) Embedded Linux
18 6 (0.083%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,289 (45.42%) Agile Software Development
2 1,887 (26.06%) Software Engineering
3 1,671 (23.08%) DevOps
4 1,576 (21.76%) Microservices
5 1,146 (15.83%) TDD
6 1,021 (14.10%) Test Automation
7 931 (12.86%) Scrum
8 729 (10.07%) Continuous Integration
9 728 (10.05%) Computer Science
10 708 (9.78%) OO
11 652 (9.00%) Fintech
12 617 (8.52%) Asset Management
13 601 (8.30%) Mentoring
14 581 (8.02%) BDD
15 570 (7.87%) Problem-Solving
16 506 (6.99%) Open Source
17 494 (6.82%) Analytics
18 445 (6.15%) SDLC
19 443 (6.12%) Investment Management
20 428 (5.91%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 2,509 (34.65%) Python
2 2,237 (30.89%) JavaScript
3 1,667 (23.02%) SQL
4 1,229 (16.97%) C#
5 810 (11.19%) C++
6 652 (9.00%) Java 8
7 625 (8.63%) Kotlin
8 576 (7.95%) Scala
9 464 (6.41%) Go
10 394 (5.44%) Ruby
11 340 (4.70%) C
12 322 (4.45%) PHP
13 305 (4.21%) TypeScript
14 202 (2.79%) Bash Shell
15 200 (2.76%) R
16 164 (2.26%) Shell Script
17 148 (2.04%) PowerShell
18 136 (1.88%) Apple Swift
19 129 (1.78%) Perl
20 128 (1.77%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 869 (12.00%) Degree
2 494 (6.82%) Security Cleared
3 344 (4.75%) Computer Science Degree
4 336 (4.64%) SC Cleared
5 161 (2.22%) DV Cleared
6 92 (1.27%) ISTQB
7 90 (1.24%) Master's Degree
8 66 (0.91%) PhD
9 64 (0.88%) ISEB
10 55 (0.76%) Sun Certification
11 51 (0.70%) Numerate Degree
12 35 (0.48%) AWS Certification
13 26 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
14 24 (0.33%) CISSP
15 21 (0.29%) CISM
15 21 (0.29%) CSSLP
16 18 (0.25%) TOGAF Certification
17 16 (0.22%) ISEB Practitioner
18 14 (0.19%) PMP
19 12 (0.17%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 437 (6.04%) QA
2 50 (0.69%) NIST
3 45 (0.62%) Data Quality
4 42 (0.58%) SLA
5 39 (0.54%) GDPR
6 20 (0.28%) COBIT
7 17 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 6 (0.083%) PCI DSS
9 5 (0.069%) MiFID
9 5 (0.069%) PSD2
10 4 (0.055%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.041%) COSO
11 3 (0.041%) ISO 20022
11 3 (0.041%) TARGET2
12 2 (0.028%) EMIR
12 2 (0.028%) IEC 62304
12 2 (0.028%) ISO 13485
12 2 (0.028%) ISO 9001
13 1 (0.014%) NCSC
13 1 (0.014%) PMO
System Software
1 1,425 (19.68%) Docker
2 77 (1.06%) HDFS
3 69 (0.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 56 (0.77%) Active Directory
5 36 (0.50%) vSphere
6 23 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 17 (0.23%) Hyper-V
8 15 (0.21%) NFS
9 14 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
10 12 (0.17%) Postfix
10 12 (0.17%) XenApp
11 11 (0.15%) Firmware
12 9 (0.12%) VirtualBox
13 7 (0.097%) NDS
13 7 (0.097%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 6 (0.083%) GlusterFS
15 3 (0.041%) Apache Flume
15 3 (0.041%) BitLocker
15 3 (0.041%) Squid
15 3 (0.041%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,217 (16.81%) Kubernetes
2 587 (8.11%) Terraform
3 447 (6.17%) Ansible
4 219 (3.02%) Puppet
5 197 (2.72%) Opscode Chef
6 103 (1.42%) Grafana
7 59 (0.81%) Prometheus
8 50 (0.69%) Istio
9 48 (0.66%) Kibana
10 31 (0.43%) Packer
10 31 (0.43%) ZABBIX
11 23 (0.32%) Consul
11 23 (0.32%) Nagios
12 22 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
13 21 (0.29%) logstash
14 20 (0.28%) Data Guard
14 20 (0.28%) Oracle RMAN
15 19 (0.26%) Opsview
16 18 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
16 18 (0.25%) NetIQ Identity Manager
Vendors
1 699 (9.65%) Oracle
2 510 (7.04%) Google
3 274 (3.78%) Microsoft
4 199 (2.75%) SAP
5 118 (1.63%) Splunk
6 114 (1.57%) ServiceNow
7 112 (1.55%) Salesforce.com
8 98 (1.35%) IBM
9 79 (1.09%) Red Hat
10 76 (1.05%) VMware
11 70 (0.97%) Talend
12 65 (0.90%) MuleSoft
13 64 (0.88%) Informatica
14 58 (0.80%) Cloudera
15 56 (0.77%) Atlassian
16 47 (0.65%) Remedy
17 42 (0.58%) Tableau
18 40 (0.55%) Adobe
19 39 (0.54%) HP
20 36 (0.50%) Bloomberg