Period
to 21 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 21 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
21 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 8 13 13
Rank change year-on-year +5 0 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 28769 26888 31174
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.90% 14.23% 14.34%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.74% 26.91% 27.73%
Number of salaries quoted 22135 22733 26454
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £30,250
90th Percentile £86,250 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 100094 99915 112409
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.32% 52.89% 51.72%
Number of salaries quoted 82448 86252 96120
UK median annual salary £49,039 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.24% +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +1.27%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 21 November 2017.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 21 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 26966 £55,000 - 2136
UK excluding London 0 14344 £47,500 - 1079
London 0 14079 £65,000 - 1150
South East +2 4151 £50,000 - 254
North of England +1 3180 £47,500 +5.56% 319
East of England +1 1944 £50,000 +3.09% 168
Midlands +6 1815 £44,000 - 132
South West -2 1758 £44,000 -4.35% 109
North West +1 1725 £47,500 +5.56% 177
Yorkshire 0 1263 £50,000 +11.11% 123
Scotland -1 1151 £45,500 -4.21% 74
West Midlands +5 1047 £41,500 -2.35% 67
East Midlands +3 769 £45,000 - 65
Wales -1 247 £40,000 -5.88% 18
North East 0 186 £37,500 +2.74% 19
Northern Ireland +2 130 £34,500 -23.33% 6
Isle of Man - 12 £40,000 -

For the 6 months to 21 November 2017, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 14301 (49.71%) Agile Software Development
2 8131 (28.26%) JavaScript
3 7951 (27.64%) Finance
4 7665 (26.64%) SQL
5 6512 (22.64%) Python
6 6444 (22.40%) Spring
7 6093 (21.18%) Software Engineering
8 5839 (20.30%) TDD
9 5593 (19.44%) Linux
10 5519 (19.18%) HTML
11 5026 (17.47%) Degree
12 5005 (17.40%) C#
13 4692 (16.31%) Test Automation
14 4629 (16.09%) Scrum
15 4346 (15.11%) Banking
16 4251 (14.78%) C++
17 4198 (14.59%) Oracle
18 4177 (14.52%) CSS
19 4131 (14.36%) Web Services
20 4071 (14.15%) OO
21 4004 (13.92%) Amazon AWS
22 3892 (13.53%) Continuous Integration
23 3679 (12.79%) BDD
24 3673 (12.77%) Git (software)
25 3602 (12.52%) .NET
26 3560 (12.37%) Computer Science
27 3531 (12.27%) DevOps
28 3441 (11.96%) AngularJS
29 3352 (11.65%) REST
30 3320 (11.54%) Jenkins

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1970 (6.85%) Tomcat
2 1291 (4.49%) Apache Spark
3 1284 (4.46%) Apache
4 1090 (3.79%) JBoss
5 961 (3.34%) Elasticsearch
6 758 (2.63%) WebSphere
7 727 (2.53%) Confluence
8 506 (1.76%) WebLogic
9 373 (1.30%) CMS
10 309 (1.07%) Apache Solr
11 307 (1.07%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 266 (0.92%) OpenStack
13 244 (0.85%) nginx
14 232 (0.81%) IIS
15 217 (0.75%) SharePoint
16 212 (0.74%) SAS
17 203 (0.71%) Jetty
18 149 (0.52%) Mule
19 145 (0.50%) Apache Pig
20 125 (0.43%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 222 (0.77%) Microsoft Excel
2 188 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
3 78 (0.27%) Photoshop
4 77 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 48 (0.17%) MS Visio
6 45 (0.16%) SPSS
7 36 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
8 27 (0.094%) Microsoft Project
9 18 (0.063%) Spreadsheet
10 14 (0.049%) Simulink
11 12 (0.042%) Acrobat
11 12 (0.042%) SOLIDWORKS
12 11 (0.038%) HipChat
12 11 (0.038%) PaintShop Pro
13 10 (0.035%) Mathematica
14 7 (0.024%) EngageOne
15 5 (0.017%) FrameMaker
15 5 (0.017%) GNU Octave
15 5 (0.017%) InDesign
15 5 (0.017%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 135 (0.47%) SAP Hybris
2 110 (0.38%) Magento
3 77 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
4 69 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
5 55 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
6 48 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
7 40 (0.14%) SAP ERP
8 35 (0.12%) NetSuite
9 32 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
9 32 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
10 23 (0.080%) Oracle ERP
10 23 (0.080%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 23 (0.080%) SAP BPC
11 22 (0.076%) Oracle Payables
12 20 (0.070%) RMDS
13 19 (0.066%) Remedy ITSM
14 18 (0.063%) ION MarketView
15 17 (0.059%) SAP S/4HANA
16 16 (0.056%) Eloqua
16 16 (0.056%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 4004 (13.92%) Amazon AWS
2 1429 (4.97%) Microsoft Azure
3 1067 (3.71%) SaaS
4 629 (2.19%) GitHub
5 446 (1.55%) Google Cloud Platform
6 432 (1.50%) PaaS
7 359 (1.25%) Cloud Computing
8 343 (1.19%) Amazon EC2
9 310 (1.08%) IaaS
10 196 (0.68%) AWS CloudFormation
11 180 (0.63%) Amazon S3
12 155 (0.54%) OpenShift
12 155 (0.54%) Serverless
13 137 (0.48%) npm
14 124 (0.43%) Google Play
15 100 (0.35%) Amazon EMR
16 95 (0.33%) AWS Lambda
17 94 (0.33%) Office 365
18 87 (0.30%) Amazon SQS
19 73 (0.25%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 738 (2.57%) HTTP
2 689 (2.39%) Internet
3 412 (1.43%) Firewall
4 387 (1.35%) TCP/IP
5 208 (0.72%) DNS
6 170 (0.59%) SSL
7 166 (0.58%) VPN
8 150 (0.52%) LDAP
9 116 (0.40%) FTP
10 109 (0.38%) Wireless
11 108 (0.38%) AMQP
12 97 (0.34%) Network Security
13 93 (0.32%) WAN
14 77 (0.27%) SMS
15 71 (0.25%) DHCP
16 68 (0.24%) Ethernet
17 66 (0.23%) VoIP
18 63 (0.22%) LAN
19 59 (0.21%) SMTP
20 55 (0.19%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2576 (8.95%) NoSQL
2 2408 (8.37%) MySQL
3 2395 (8.32%) Big Data
3 2395 (8.32%) SQL Server
4 2060 (7.16%) Relational Database
5 1715 (5.96%) Hadoop
6 1560 (5.42%) MongoDB
7 1118 (3.89%) Apache Cassandra
8 997 (3.47%) PostgreSQL
9 774 (2.69%) RDBMS
10 640 (2.22%) Oracle Database
11 528 (1.84%) Redis
12 513 (1.78%) Data Warehouse
13 373 (1.30%) HBase
14 348 (1.21%) Apache Hive
15 298 (1.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 280 (0.97%) Blockchain
17 256 (0.89%) Neo4j
18 242 (0.84%) DB2
19 194 (0.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 3673 (12.77%) Git (software)
2 3320 (11.54%) Jenkins
3 2533 (8.80%) Selenium
4 2505 (8.71%) Maven
5 2207 (7.67%) JUnit
6 2165 (7.53%) JIRA
7 1822 (6.33%) Cucumber
8 1344 (4.67%) Subversion
9 957 (3.33%) WebDriver
10 785 (2.73%) Gradle
11 742 (2.58%) TeamCity
12 732 (2.54%) Eclipse
13 600 (2.09%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 508 (1.77%) Mockito
15 486 (1.69%) JMeter
16 404 (1.40%) SoapUI
17 384 (1.33%) Ant
18 329 (1.14%) Bitbucket
19 306 (1.06%) IntelliJ
20 302 (1.05%) Visual Studio
General
1 7951 (27.64%) Finance
2 4346 (15.11%) Banking
3 2701 (9.39%) Investment Banking
4 2161 (7.51%) Retail Banking
5 1399 (4.86%) Retail
6 1295 (4.50%) Front Office
7 1059 (3.68%) Marketing
8 964 (3.35%) Telecoms
9 962 (3.34%) Advertising
10 743 (2.58%) Games
11 655 (2.28%) Electronics
12 584 (2.03%) Manufacturing
13 405 (1.41%) Financial Institution
14 269 (0.94%) Publishing
15 242 (0.84%) Legal
16 230 (0.80%) Back Office
17 172 (0.60%) Automotive
18 164 (0.57%) Law
19 128 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
20 88 (0.31%) German Language
Job Titles
1 15063 (52.36%) Developer
2 9367 (32.56%) Java Developer
3 3199 (11.12%) Senior Developer
4 3031 (10.54%) Software Engineer
5 2326 (8.09%) Senior Java Developer
6 1999 (6.95%) Java Engineer
7 1735 (6.03%) Software Developer
8 1675 (5.82%) Architect
9 1196 (4.16%) Graduate
10 1187 (4.13%) Java Software Engineer
11 1182 (4.11%) Analyst
12 945 (3.28%) Java Software Developer
13 943 (3.28%) Junior
14 942 (3.27%) DevOps Engineer
15 877 (3.05%) Tester
16 871 (3.03%) JavaScript Developer
17 864 (3.00%) Lead Developer
18 827 (2.87%) Graduate Developer
19 757 (2.63%) Full Stack Developer
20 700 (2.43%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6444 (22.40%) Spring
2 5519 (19.18%) HTML
3 4177 (14.52%) CSS
4 4131 (14.36%) Web Services
5 3602 (12.52%) .NET
6 3441 (11.96%) AngularJS
7 3352 (11.65%) REST
8 3301 (11.47%) Hibernate
9 2770 (9.63%) XML
10 2611 (9.08%) RESTful
11 2506 (8.71%) J2EE
12 2120 (7.37%) Node.js
13 2069 (7.19%) HTML5
14 1953 (6.79%) SOAP
15 1641 (5.70%) JSON
16 1624 (5.64%) React
17 1534 (5.33%) jQuery
18 1363 (4.74%) Java EE
19 1074 (3.73%) Spring Boot
20 956 (3.32%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 3560 (12.37%) Computer Science
2 2364 (8.22%) Analytical Skills
3 1597 (5.55%) Greenfield Project
4 1351 (4.70%) Fintech
5 1251 (4.35%) User Experience
6 1152 (4.00%) Enterprise Software
7 1146 (3.98%) Algorithms
8 1044 (3.63%) Mobile App
9 826 (2.87%) Derivative
10 780 (2.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 629 (2.19%) Data Structures
12 575 (2.00%) Equities
13 409 (1.42%) Fixed Income
14 344 (1.20%) Linux Command Line
15 339 (1.18%) Client/Server
16 334 (1.16%) Management Information System
17 319 (1.11%) Equity Derivative
18 236 (0.82%) Hedge funds
19 216 (0.75%) Robotics
20 200 (0.70%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 5593 (19.44%) Linux
2 2781 (9.67%) Unix
3 2303 (8.01%) Windows
4 1649 (5.73%) Android
5 1012 (3.52%) Apple iOS
6 375 (1.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 337 (1.17%) Windows Server
8 266 (0.92%) CentOS
9 245 (0.85%) Solaris
10 186 (0.65%) Ubuntu
11 128 (0.44%) Debian
12 92 (0.32%) AIX
13 88 (0.31%) Mac OS X
14 83 (0.29%) Mac OS
15 54 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
16 52 (0.18%) Windows 7
17 48 (0.17%) Embedded Linux
18 47 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
19 42 (0.15%) Windows 10
20 40 (0.14%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 14301 (49.71%) Agile Software Development
2 6093 (21.18%) Software Engineering
3 5839 (20.30%) TDD
4 4692 (16.31%) Test Automation
5 4629 (16.09%) Scrum
6 4071 (14.15%) OO
7 3892 (13.53%) Continuous Integration
8 3679 (12.79%) BDD
9 3531 (12.27%) DevOps
10 3200 (11.12%) SDLC
11 2752 (9.57%) Microservices
12 2327 (8.09%) Open Source
13 2259 (7.85%) Asset Management
14 2235 (7.77%) Wealth Management
15 2217 (7.71%) Multithreading
16 2192 (7.62%) MVC
17 2004 (6.97%) Mentoring
18 1832 (6.37%) E-Commerce
19 1764 (6.13%) Web Development
20 1668 (5.80%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 8131 (28.26%) JavaScript
2 7665 (26.64%) SQL
3 6512 (22.64%) Python
4 5005 (17.40%) C#
5 4251 (14.78%) C++
6 2426 (8.43%) PHP
7 2199 (7.64%) Scala
8 2097 (7.29%) Ruby
9 1704 (5.92%) C
10 1234 (4.29%) Perl
11 1075 (3.74%) Shell Script
12 992 (3.45%) PL/SQL
13 928 (3.23%) Bash Shell
14 742 (2.58%) Groovy
15 730 (2.54%) Go
16 604 (2.10%) R
17 538 (1.87%) PowerShell
18 500 (1.74%) Objective-C
19 326 (1.13%) T-SQL
20 315 (1.09%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 5026 (17.47%) Degree
2 1683 (5.85%) Computer Science Degree
3 905 (3.15%) Security Cleared
4 482 (1.68%) PhD
5 439 (1.53%) SC Cleared
6 346 (1.20%) ISTQB
7 258 (0.90%) Master's Degree
8 238 (0.83%) ISEB
9 235 (0.82%) Numerate Degree
10 185 (0.64%) DV Cleared
11 121 (0.42%) CISSP
12 93 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 90 (0.31%) Sun Certification
14 76 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
14 76 (0.26%) PMI Certification
15 60 (0.21%) Oracle Certification
16 59 (0.21%) SANS
17 50 (0.17%) CREST Certified
18 48 (0.17%) RHCE
19 43 (0.15%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2630 (9.14%) QA
2 191 (0.66%) SLA
3 88 (0.31%) GCP
4 74 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 70 (0.24%) Data Quality
6 60 (0.21%) PCI DSS
7 37 (0.13%) SEPA
8 35 (0.12%) MiFID
9 31 (0.11%) PMO
10 27 (0.094%) ISO 9001
11 23 (0.080%) COBIT
11 23 (0.080%) GDPR
12 20 (0.070%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 19 (0.066%) HL7
14 16 (0.056%) PSD2
15 14 (0.049%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 14 (0.049%) WCAG
16 13 (0.045%) EMIR
16 13 (0.045%) RosettaNet
17 12 (0.042%) IFRS
System Software
1 2237 (7.78%) Docker
2 294 (1.02%) VMware Infrastructure
3 219 (0.76%) Active Directory
4 177 (0.62%) Virtual Machines
5 157 (0.55%) HDFS
6 107 (0.37%) Apache Flume
7 77 (0.27%) vSphere
8 68 (0.24%) Hyper-V
9 52 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
10 42 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 37 (0.13%) Firmware
12 32 (0.11%) KVM
13 28 (0.097%) VirtualBox
14 21 (0.073%) Oracle RAC
15 20 (0.070%) Xen
16 19 (0.066%) NFS
17 14 (0.049%) Cronacle
17 14 (0.049%) LXC
17 14 (0.049%) Virtual Servers
18 12 (0.042%) Snort
Systems Management
1 1323 (4.60%) Puppet
2 1160 (4.03%) Ansible
3 1056 (3.67%) Opscode Chef
4 668 (2.32%) Kubernetes
5 369 (1.28%) Terraform
6 196 (0.68%) Nagios
7 143 (0.50%) Kibana
8 116 (0.40%) Salt
9 115 (0.40%) Packer
10 103 (0.36%) Mesos
11 87 (0.30%) HP Quality Center
12 82 (0.29%) logstash
13 78 (0.27%) Grafana
14 62 (0.22%) Prometheus
15 59 (0.21%) Docker Swarm
16 54 (0.19%) ZABBIX
17 44 (0.15%) Hadoop YARN
17 44 (0.15%) PowerBroker
18 43 (0.15%) Oozie
19 38 (0.13%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 4198 (14.59%) Oracle
2 1510 (5.25%) Microsoft
3 979 (3.40%) Google
4 904 (3.14%) SAP
5 644 (2.24%) IBM
6 486 (1.69%) Red Hat
7 449 (1.56%) Sybase
8 441 (1.53%) VMware
9 337 (1.17%) hybris
10 331 (1.15%) TIBCO
11 319 (1.11%) Splunk
12 240 (0.83%) Salesforce.com
13 198 (0.69%) HP
14 193 (0.67%) Apple
15 184 (0.64%) Sun
16 176 (0.61%) Tableau
17 173 (0.60%) Atlassian
18 161 (0.56%) Adobe
19 142 (0.49%) Informatica
20 136 (0.47%) AppDynamics