Period
to 20 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 20 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 13 13 9
Rank change year-on-year 0 -4 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 16,188 7,255 20,121
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 13.37% 14.77% 14.24%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.69% 25.10% 26.62%
Number of salaries quoted 9,881 6,021 16,148
10th Percentile £40,000 £38,750 £34,731
25th Percentile £48,750 £47,500 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £65,000 £61,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.85% +6.56% +6.09%
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £81,250
90th Percentile £110,000 £115,000 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 65,572 28,910 75,585
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.16% 58.85% 53.48%
Number of salaries quoted 43,910 24,410 62,262
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 14,161 £70,000 +3.70% 2,291
London -3 8,226 £82,500 +6.45% 1,284
UK excluding London +1 6,850 £55,000 +4.76% 1,130
Work from Home -4 3,206 £65,000 +8.33% 493
South East -5 1,964 £60,000 - 235
North of England +5 1,732 £55,000 +10.00% 339
South West -6 897 £55,000 +10.00% 120
Yorkshire 0 844 £55,000 +10.00% 120
North West +8 742 £55,000 +7.32% 182
Scotland -3 739 £50,000 - 118
Midlands +12 707 £55,000 +10.00% 172
West Midlands +21 495 £55,000 +10.00% 124
East of England +3 390 £57,500 +4.55% 114
Wales +8 256 £50,000 +11.11% 18
East Midlands -2 209 £52,500 +5.00% 48
Northern Ireland +1 194 £52,500 +15.38% 15
North East +2 148 £50,000 +9.89% 37
Isle of Man - 1 £37,500 -

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 8,594 (53.09%) Agile Software Development
2 5,649 (34.90%) AWS
3 5,596 (34.57%) Software Engineering
4 5,454 (33.69%) Python
5 4,846 (29.94%) JavaScript
5 4,846 (29.94%) Microservices
6 4,554 (28.13%) Spring
7 4,222 (26.08%) SQL
8 4,189 (25.88%) DevOps
9 4,025 (24.86%) Docker
10 3,916 (24.19%) Finance
11 3,603 (22.26%) Kubernetes
12 3,387 (20.92%) TDD
13 3,380 (20.88%) Social Skills
14 3,216 (19.87%) React
15 3,080 (19.03%) Azure
16 2,916 (18.01%) Jenkins
17 2,868 (17.72%) Test Automation
18 2,804 (17.32%) Git (software)
19 2,702 (16.69%) C#
20 2,670 (16.49%) Scrum
21 2,548 (15.74%) AngularJS
22 2,392 (14.78%) Node.js
23 2,312 (14.28%) Linux
24 2,284 (14.11%) REST
25 2,280 (14.08%) Spring Boot
26 2,265 (13.99%) Degree
27 2,227 (13.76%) Full Stack Development
28 2,169 (13.40%) Problem-Solving
29 2,154 (13.31%) Kafka

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 963 (5.95%) Apache Spark
2 703 (4.34%) Apache
3 625 (3.86%) Elasticsearch
4 524 (3.24%) Confluence
5 325 (2.01%) Tomcat
6 237 (1.46%) GemFire
7 178 (1.10%) CMS
8 165 (1.02%) nginx
9 152 (0.94%) Apache Airflow
10 150 (0.93%) Cloud Foundry
11 115 (0.71%) JBoss
12 76 (0.47%) WebSphere
13 75 (0.46%) WebLogic
14 72 (0.44%) Apache Solr
15 68 (0.42%) SharePoint
16 63 (0.39%) IIS
17 61 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 57 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 49 (0.30%) SAS
20 45 (0.28%) OpenStack
Applications
1 77 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
2 59 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
3 55 (0.34%) Sketch
4 38 (0.23%) InVision
5 32 (0.20%) Photoshop
6 23 (0.14%) Figma
7 22 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
8 21 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
9 20 (0.12%) Adobe XD
9 20 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
10 15 (0.093%) MS Visio
11 13 (0.080%) Chatbot
12 11 (0.068%) Microsoft PowerPoint
13 7 (0.043%) Siemens NX
14 6 (0.037%) 3ds Max
14 6 (0.037%) Maya
14 6 (0.037%) ZBrush
15 5 (0.031%) Fireworks
15 5 (0.031%) GIMP
15 5 (0.031%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 78 (0.48%) Distributed Ledger
2 48 (0.30%) R3 Corda
3 40 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
4 37 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
5 33 (0.20%) Magento
6 30 (0.19%) Shopify
7 26 (0.16%) SAP Business One
8 25 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
9 23 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
9 23 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
10 18 (0.11%) SAP BPC
11 17 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
12 12 (0.074%) Summit
13 10 (0.062%) NetSuite
14 8 (0.049%) Dynamics NAV
14 8 (0.049%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
15 7 (0.043%) Dynamics AX
15 7 (0.043%) Teamcenter
16 6 (0.037%) Bloomberg TOMS
16 6 (0.037%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 5,649 (34.90%) AWS
2 3,080 (19.03%) Azure
3 2,078 (12.84%) GCP
4 1,516 (9.36%) Serverless
5 1,088 (6.72%) GitHub
6 701 (4.33%) AWS Lambda
7 695 (4.29%) SaaS
8 581 (3.59%) Amazon EC2
9 502 (3.10%) OpenShift
10 447 (2.76%) Amazon S3
11 432 (2.67%) AWS CloudFormation
12 415 (2.56%) PaaS
13 373 (2.30%) Amazon ECS
14 343 (2.12%) Amazon Kinesis
15 321 (1.98%) Cloud Computing
16 184 (1.14%) Amazon EKS
17 175 (1.08%) Amazon SQS
18 173 (1.07%) Power Platform
19 169 (1.04%) Datadog
20 161 (0.99%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 509 (3.14%) HTTP
2 205 (1.27%) Internet
3 147 (0.91%) Firewall
4 137 (0.85%) Broadband
5 94 (0.58%) DNS
6 88 (0.54%) TCP/IP
7 86 (0.53%) SSL
8 80 (0.49%) AMQP
9 67 (0.41%) SSH
10 55 (0.34%) VPN
11 50 (0.31%) Network Security
12 38 (0.23%) Calico
13 34 (0.21%) FTP
14 31 (0.19%) SMTP
15 26 (0.16%) HTTPS
16 24 (0.15%) WAN
17 23 (0.14%) Kerberos
18 21 (0.13%) IPv4
18 21 (0.13%) SMS
19 19 (0.12%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,758 (10.86%) NoSQL
2 1,643 (10.15%) PostgreSQL
3 1,365 (8.43%) Big Data
4 1,358 (8.39%) MongoDB
5 1,349 (8.33%) Relational Database
6 1,176 (7.26%) MySQL
7 846 (5.23%) Redis
8 809 (5.00%) SQL Server
9 680 (4.20%) Hadoop
10 570 (3.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 369 (2.28%) Apache Cassandra
12 350 (2.16%) MariaDB
13 331 (2.04%) Data Warehouse
14 325 (2.01%) RDBMS
15 316 (1.95%) Amazon Aurora
16 302 (1.87%) HBase
17 245 (1.51%) Amazon RDS
18 221 (1.37%) Oracle Database
19 218 (1.35%) Blockchain
20 207 (1.28%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 2,916 (18.01%) Jenkins
2 2,804 (17.32%) Git (software)
3 1,204 (7.44%) JIRA
4 1,006 (6.21%) Selenium
5 1,005 (6.21%) JUnit
6 967 (5.97%) Maven
7 957 (5.91%) Cucumber
8 659 (4.07%) Gradle
9 515 (3.18%) GitLab
10 490 (3.03%) Postman
11 482 (2.98%) Mockito
12 451 (2.79%) JMeter
13 434 (2.68%) Cypress.io
14 392 (2.42%) IntelliJ
15 379 (2.34%) Eclipse
16 346 (2.14%) Sonatype Nexus
17 326 (2.01%) Bitbucket
18 323 (2.00%) Protractor
19 312 (1.93%) SonarQube
20 309 (1.91%) Artifactory
General
1 3,916 (24.19%) Finance
2 3,380 (20.88%) Social Skills
3 1,581 (9.77%) Banking
4 875 (5.41%) Analytical Skills
5 716 (4.42%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 684 (4.23%) Retail
7 677 (4.18%) Public Sector
8 602 (3.72%) Law
9 573 (3.54%) Front Office
10 515 (3.18%) Games
11 416 (2.57%) Marketing
12 318 (1.96%) Presentation Skills
13 282 (1.74%) Investment Banking
14 258 (1.59%) Telecoms
15 257 (1.59%) Legal
16 238 (1.47%) Advertising
17 181 (1.12%) Manufacturing
18 169 (1.04%) Financial Institution
19 154 (0.95%) Back Office
20 125 (0.77%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 7,053 (43.57%) Developer
2 3,889 (24.02%) Java Developer
3 3,227 (19.93%) Software Engineer
4 1,656 (10.23%) Senior Developer
5 1,376 (8.50%) Java Engineer
6 1,040 (6.42%) Senior Java Developer
7 926 (5.72%) Software Developer
8 918 (5.67%) Senior Software Engineer
9 860 (5.31%) Architect
10 821 (5.07%) Java Software Engineer
11 638 (3.94%) DevOps Engineer
12 578 (3.57%) Full Stack Developer
13 561 (3.47%) Lead Developer
14 548 (3.39%) Data Engineer
15 466 (2.88%) Senior Java Engineer
16 409 (2.53%) Analyst
17 407 (2.51%) AWS Engineer
18 403 (2.49%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 392 (2.42%) Python Engineer
20 345 (2.13%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,554 (28.13%) Spring
2 3,216 (19.87%) React
3 2,548 (15.74%) AngularJS
4 2,392 (14.78%) Node.js
5 2,284 (14.11%) REST
6 2,280 (14.08%) Spring Boot
7 2,154 (13.31%) Kafka
8 2,080 (12.85%) Web Services
9 1,785 (11.03%) RESTful
10 1,696 (10.48%) .NET
11 1,686 (10.42%) CSS
12 1,671 (10.32%) HTML
13 1,185 (7.32%) Hibernate
14 845 (5.22%) JSON
15 758 (4.68%) XML
16 757 (4.68%) RabbitMQ
17 710 (4.39%) Vue.js
18 708 (4.37%) GraphQL
19 638 (3.94%) SOAP
20 542 (3.35%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 907 (5.60%) User Experience
2 803 (4.96%) Greenfield Project
3 764 (4.72%) Algorithms
4 640 (3.95%) Mobile App
5 594 (3.67%) Data Structures
6 563 (3.48%) Self-Motivation
7 515 (3.18%) Cloud Native
8 491 (3.03%) Hedge funds
9 440 (2.72%) Derivative
10 390 (2.41%) Enterprise Software
10 390 (2.41%) Fixed Income
11 363 (2.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 361 (2.23%) Equities
13 345 (2.13%) Linux Command Line
14 340 (2.10%) Virtual Team
15 205 (1.27%) Management Information System
15 205 (1.27%) Public Cloud
16 192 (1.19%) Blog
17 180 (1.11%) Legacy Systems
18 178 (1.10%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 2,312 (14.28%) Linux
2 961 (5.94%) Unix
3 890 (5.50%) Android
4 740 (4.57%) Windows
5 514 (3.18%) Apple iOS
6 190 (1.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 108 (0.67%) CentOS
8 84 (0.52%) Windows Server
9 69 (0.43%) Ubuntu
10 47 (0.29%) Mac OS X
11 45 (0.28%) Mesosphere
12 43 (0.27%) Debian
13 35 (0.22%) Mac OS
14 20 (0.12%) Windows 10
14 20 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
15 18 (0.11%) Solaris
16 12 (0.074%) SUSE
16 12 (0.074%) Windows Server 2008
17 8 (0.049%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 8 (0.049%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,594 (53.09%) Agile Software Development
2 5,596 (34.57%) Software Engineering
3 4,846 (29.94%) Microservices
4 4,189 (25.88%) DevOps
5 3,387 (20.92%) TDD
6 2,868 (17.72%) Test Automation
7 2,670 (16.49%) Scrum
8 2,227 (13.76%) Full Stack Development
9 2,169 (13.40%) Problem-Solving
10 2,136 (13.19%) Continuous Integration
11 2,022 (12.49%) BDD
12 1,980 (12.23%) Computer Science
13 1,884 (11.64%) Mentoring
14 1,809 (11.17%) OO
15 1,521 (9.40%) Analytics
16 1,509 (9.32%) Open Source
17 1,344 (8.30%) Fintech
18 1,240 (7.66%) SDLC
19 1,033 (6.38%) Coaching
20 943 (5.83%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 5,454 (33.69%) Python
2 4,846 (29.94%) JavaScript
3 4,222 (26.08%) SQL
4 2,702 (16.69%) C#
5 1,508 (9.32%) C++
6 1,500 (9.27%) Kotlin
7 1,490 (9.20%) Scala
8 1,485 (9.17%) TypeScript
9 1,467 (9.06%) Java 8
10 1,277 (7.89%) Go
11 721 (4.45%) PHP
12 720 (4.45%) Ruby
13 656 (4.05%) C
14 603 (3.72%) Groovy
15 523 (3.23%) Bash Shell
16 461 (2.85%) Shell Script
17 429 (2.65%) Java 11
18 288 (1.78%) PowerShell
19 287 (1.77%) Perl
20 249 (1.54%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 2,265 (13.99%) Degree
2 1,232 (7.61%) Security Cleared
3 1,076 (6.65%) SC Cleared
4 843 (5.21%) Computer Science Degree
5 236 (1.46%) Oracle Certification
6 230 (1.42%) Master's Degree
7 227 (1.40%) OCP
8 130 (0.80%) ISTQB
9 121 (0.75%) Numerate Degree
10 99 (0.61%) PhD
11 96 (0.59%) DV Cleared
12 93 (0.57%) AWS Certification
13 51 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 47 (0.29%) BPSS Clearance
15 37 (0.23%) DBS Check
16 35 (0.22%) HND
17 33 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
18 26 (0.16%) ISEB
19 23 (0.14%) SANS
20 21 (0.13%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,579 (9.75%) QA
2 168 (1.04%) Accessibility
3 142 (0.88%) Data Quality
4 133 (0.82%) SLA
5 109 (0.67%) GDPR
6 48 (0.30%) WCAG
7 44 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 31 (0.19%) PCI DSS
9 30 (0.19%) GRC
10 29 (0.18%) MiFID
11 25 (0.15%) EMIR
12 23 (0.14%) PMO
13 20 (0.12%) PSD2
14 19 (0.12%) NIST
15 17 (0.11%) NCSC
16 16 (0.099%) HIPAA
17 12 (0.074%) CDISC
18 11 (0.068%) HL7
18 11 (0.068%) ISO 20022
18 11 (0.068%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 4,025 (24.86%) Docker
2 254 (1.57%) VMware Infrastructure
3 235 (1.45%) HDFS
4 98 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 73 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
6 59 (0.36%) Active Directory
7 24 (0.15%) Hyper-V
7 24 (0.15%) NDS
7 24 (0.15%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 22 (0.14%) KVM
8 22 (0.14%) Postfix
9 20 (0.12%) Firmware
9 20 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
10 16 (0.099%) Apache Flume
11 15 (0.093%) vSphere
12 14 (0.086%) ISA Server
12 14 (0.086%) Virtual Servers
13 11 (0.068%) etcd
14 9 (0.056%) Ceph
15 8 (0.049%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 3,603 (22.26%) Kubernetes
2 1,881 (11.62%) Terraform
3 1,474 (9.11%) Ansible
4 551 (3.40%) Opscode Chef
5 492 (3.04%) Puppet
6 420 (2.59%) Prometheus
7 389 (2.40%) Grafana
8 133 (0.82%) Kibana
9 74 (0.46%) logstash
10 72 (0.44%) Docker Swarm
11 70 (0.43%) Graphite
12 62 (0.38%) Consul
13 61 (0.38%) Istio
14 60 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
15 51 (0.32%) Mesos
15 51 (0.32%) Nagios
16 50 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
17 43 (0.27%) Automic
18 34 (0.21%) Salt
19 31 (0.19%) Packer
Vendors
1 1,505 (9.30%) Oracle
2 932 (5.76%) Google
3 665 (4.11%) Microsoft
4 358 (2.21%) VMware
5 261 (1.61%) Red Hat
6 244 (1.51%) IBM
6 244 (1.51%) SAP
7 242 (1.49%) Splunk
8 232 (1.43%) Okta
9 203 (1.25%) Salesforce.com
10 184 (1.14%) Atlassian
11 141 (0.87%) Sybase
12 134 (0.83%) Adobe
13 112 (0.69%) New Relic
14 102 (0.63%) Databricks
15 96 (0.59%) Talend
16 75 (0.46%) Instagram
17 73 (0.45%) SaltStack
18 71 (0.44%) Cognizant
19 65 (0.40%) MuleSoft