Period
to 17 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 17 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
17 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 9 10 13
Rank change year-on-year +1 +3 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 26,928 25,893 30,335
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.38% 14.74% 14.39%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.61% 27.52% 27.59%
Number of salaries quoted 21,981 21,830 25,846
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.77% +4.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,750 £31,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £86,250 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +1.05% +5.56% +5.88%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 97,540 94,076 109,951
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.69% 53.56% 52.15%
Number of salaries quoted 81,952 80,567 94,558
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £27,750
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 17 February 2018.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 17 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 25,239 £55,000 - 3,680
UK excluding London +1 14,192 £48,000 +1.05% 2,159
London 0 12,371 £65,000 - 1,763
South East +2 4,094 £50,000 +3.09% 553
North of England +3 3,412 £47,500 - 556
East of England +1 1,984 £50,000 +5.26% 308
North West +6 1,905 £47,500 - 320
Midlands +3 1,784 £45,000 - 264
South West -6 1,544 £47,500 +5.56% 233
Yorkshire +1 1,249 £50,000 +5.26% 189
Scotland 0 1,100 £49,250 +4.79% 163
West Midlands +1 895 £45,000 - 139
East Midlands +3 888 £47,500 - 124
North East -2 253 £40,000 +6.67% 47
Wales -2 194 £40,000 -5.88% 47
Northern Ireland -4 112 £39,000 -5.45% 35
Isle of Man -1 4 £45,000 -
Channel Islands 0 1 £70,000 -

For the 6 months to 17 February 2018, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 13,150 (48.83%) Agile Software Development
2 8,152 (30.27%) JavaScript
3 7,129 (26.47%) SQL
4 6,328 (23.50%) Finance
5 6,312 (23.44%) Python
6 6,269 (23.28%) Spring
7 6,051 (22.47%) Software Engineering
8 5,741 (21.32%) TDD
9 5,292 (19.65%) HTML
10 5,039 (18.71%) Linux
11 4,861 (18.05%) C#
12 4,749 (17.64%) Degree
13 4,381 (16.27%) Scrum
14 4,373 (16.24%) Test Automation
15 4,160 (15.45%) Amazon AWS
16 4,051 (15.04%) CSS
17 4,015 (14.91%) Web Services
18 3,713 (13.79%) C++
19 3,605 (13.39%) DevOps
20 3,525 (13.09%) OO
21 3,523 (13.08%) AngularJS
22 3,481 (12.93%) Continuous Integration
23 3,429 (12.73%) Oracle
24 3,291 (12.22%) Git (software)
25 3,282 (12.19%) BDD
26 3,231 (12.00%) Computer Science
27 3,123 (11.60%) Jenkins
28 3,111 (11.55%) .NET
29 3,094 (11.49%) REST
30 2,978 (11.06%) PHP

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,531 (5.69%) Tomcat
2 1,222 (4.54%) Apache Spark
3 1,123 (4.17%) Apache
4 922 (3.42%) JBoss
5 882 (3.28%) Elasticsearch
6 687 (2.55%) Confluence
7 623 (2.31%) WebSphere
8 364 (1.35%) WebLogic
9 303 (1.13%) CMS
10 271 (1.01%) nginx
11 269 (1.00%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 267 (0.99%) Apache Solr
13 233 (0.87%) OpenStack
14 190 (0.71%) SharePoint
15 184 (0.68%) IIS
16 182 (0.68%) SAS
17 174 (0.65%) Apache Pig
18 169 (0.63%) Jetty
19 126 (0.47%) Mule
20 115 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 165 (0.61%) Microsoft Excel
2 143 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
3 86 (0.32%) Photoshop
4 59 (0.22%) MS Visio
5 55 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 52 (0.19%) SPSS
7 24 (0.089%) Microsoft Project
8 23 (0.085%) Adobe Illustrator
9 14 (0.052%) Weka
10 12 (0.045%) Mathematica
11 10 (0.037%) HipChat
11 10 (0.037%) Spreadsheet
12 9 (0.033%) GNU Octave
13 8 (0.030%) SOLIDWORKS
14 7 (0.026%) Adobe Creative Suite
15 6 (0.022%) EngageOne
16 5 (0.019%) Chatbot
17 4 (0.015%) Adobe Premiere
17 4 (0.015%) Avid Media Composer
17 4 (0.015%) CPLEX
Business Applications
1 146 (0.54%) SAP Hybris
2 108 (0.40%) Magento
3 76 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
4 63 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
5 55 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
6 36 (0.13%) BusinessWare
7 31 (0.12%) NetSuite
8 30 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
9 29 (0.11%) SAP ERP
10 28 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
11 26 (0.097%) Distributed Ledger
12 22 (0.082%) Oracle Applications
13 21 (0.078%) BusinessWorks
14 20 (0.074%) Oracle ERP
14 20 (0.074%) Remedy ITSM
15 19 (0.071%) Ripple
15 19 (0.071%) Salesforce.com CRM
16 17 (0.063%) ION MarketView
17 15 (0.056%) MetaTrader
17 15 (0.056%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 4,160 (15.45%) Amazon AWS
2 1,377 (5.11%) Microsoft Azure
3 917 (3.41%) SaaS
4 601 (2.23%) GitHub
5 439 (1.63%) Google Cloud Platform
6 393 (1.46%) PaaS
7 370 (1.37%) Amazon EC2
8 356 (1.32%) Cloud Computing
9 271 (1.01%) IaaS
9 271 (1.01%) OpenShift
10 241 (0.89%) AWS CloudFormation
11 228 (0.85%) Amazon S3
12 192 (0.71%) Serverless
13 128 (0.48%) npm
14 117 (0.43%) AWS Lambda
15 98 (0.36%) Amazon Kinesis
16 95 (0.35%) Office 365
17 87 (0.32%) Amazon EMR
18 81 (0.30%) Google Play
19 76 (0.28%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 740 (2.75%) HTTP
2 592 (2.20%) Internet
3 344 (1.28%) TCP/IP
4 302 (1.12%) Firewall
5 203 (0.75%) SSL
6 182 (0.68%) DNS
7 174 (0.65%) VPN
8 141 (0.52%) FTP
9 118 (0.44%) Wireless
10 87 (0.32%) SMS
11 76 (0.28%) AMQP
12 69 (0.26%) SNMP
13 61 (0.23%) Network Security
14 60 (0.22%) DHCP
14 60 (0.22%) WAN
15 57 (0.21%) Broadband
16 49 (0.18%) SSH
17 48 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
18 47 (0.17%) Ethernet
18 47 (0.17%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,511 (9.32%) NoSQL
2 2,455 (9.12%) Big Data
3 2,369 (8.80%) MySQL
4 1,804 (6.70%) SQL Server
5 1,756 (6.52%) Relational Database
6 1,628 (6.05%) Hadoop
7 1,533 (5.69%) MongoDB
8 1,095 (4.07%) PostgreSQL
9 949 (3.52%) Apache Cassandra
10 688 (2.55%) RDBMS
11 591 (2.19%) Oracle Database
12 407 (1.51%) HBase
13 403 (1.50%) Redis
14 397 (1.47%) Apache Hive
15 390 (1.45%) Blockchain
16 385 (1.43%) Data Warehouse
17 271 (1.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 233 (0.87%) DB2
19 193 (0.72%) Neo4j
20 169 (0.63%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 3,291 (12.22%) Git (software)
2 3,123 (11.60%) Jenkins
3 2,493 (9.26%) Selenium
4 2,312 (8.59%) Maven
5 1,920 (7.13%) JIRA
6 1,819 (6.76%) JUnit
7 1,742 (6.47%) Cucumber
8 1,193 (4.43%) Subversion
9 940 (3.49%) WebDriver
10 841 (3.12%) Gradle
11 618 (2.30%) Eclipse
12 585 (2.17%) TeamCity
13 553 (2.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 436 (1.62%) SoapUI
15 433 (1.61%) JMeter
16 409 (1.52%) Mockito
17 386 (1.43%) Ant
18 333 (1.24%) Bitbucket
19 327 (1.21%) Visual Studio
20 288 (1.07%) IntelliJ
General
1 6,328 (23.50%) Finance
2 2,815 (10.45%) Banking
3 1,354 (5.03%) Advertising
4 1,334 (4.95%) Retail
5 1,281 (4.76%) Investment Banking
6 821 (3.05%) Front Office
7 774 (2.87%) Games
8 692 (2.57%) Retail Banking
9 686 (2.55%) Marketing
10 548 (2.04%) Telecoms
11 347 (1.29%) Electronics
12 346 (1.28%) Financial Institution
13 275 (1.02%) Manufacturing
14 210 (0.78%) Law
15 209 (0.78%) Publishing
16 193 (0.72%) Legal
17 173 (0.64%) Back Office
18 159 (0.59%) Automotive
19 70 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
20 63 (0.23%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 14,336 (53.24%) Developer
2 8,861 (32.91%) Java Developer
3 2,869 (10.65%) Senior Developer
4 2,861 (10.62%) Software Engineer
5 2,225 (8.26%) Java Engineer
6 2,058 (7.64%) Senior Java Developer
7 1,626 (6.04%) Software Developer
8 1,486 (5.52%) Architect
9 1,321 (4.91%) Java Software Engineer
10 1,043 (3.87%) Analyst
11 1,006 (3.74%) Graduate
12 920 (3.42%) DevOps Engineer
13 893 (3.32%) Junior
14 859 (3.19%) Lead Developer
15 833 (3.09%) Java Software Developer
16 760 (2.82%) Tester
17 753 (2.80%) JavaScript Developer
18 711 (2.64%) Senior Software Engineer
19 680 (2.53%) Graduate Developer
20 674 (2.50%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,269 (23.28%) Spring
2 5,292 (19.65%) HTML
3 4,051 (15.04%) CSS
4 4,015 (14.91%) Web Services
5 3,523 (13.08%) AngularJS
6 3,111 (11.55%) .NET
7 3,094 (11.49%) REST
8 2,914 (10.82%) Hibernate
9 2,476 (9.19%) RESTful
10 2,443 (9.07%) J2EE
11 2,381 (8.84%) XML
12 2,161 (8.03%) Node.js
13 1,943 (7.22%) HTML5
14 1,896 (7.04%) React
15 1,671 (6.21%) SOAP
16 1,504 (5.59%) Java EE
17 1,460 (5.42%) jQuery
18 1,378 (5.12%) JSON
19 1,168 (4.34%) Spring Boot
20 908 (3.37%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 3,231 (12.00%) Computer Science
2 1,861 (6.91%) Analytical Skills
3 1,649 (6.12%) Fintech
4 1,540 (5.72%) Greenfield Project
5 1,219 (4.53%) User Experience
6 1,080 (4.01%) Algorithms
7 1,028 (3.82%) Enterprise Software
8 1,014 (3.77%) Mobile App
9 548 (2.04%) Data Structures
10 506 (1.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 451 (1.67%) Equities
12 381 (1.41%) Derivative
13 334 (1.24%) Fixed Income
14 276 (1.02%) Hedge funds
15 269 (1.00%) Management Information System
16 264 (0.98%) Client/Server
17 241 (0.89%) Linux Command Line
18 219 (0.81%) Robotics
19 206 (0.77%) Virtual Team
20 205 (0.76%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 5,039 (18.71%) Linux
2 2,166 (8.04%) Unix
3 1,905 (7.07%) Windows
4 1,430 (5.31%) Android
5 873 (3.24%) Apple iOS
6 334 (1.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 306 (1.14%) Windows Server
8 247 (0.92%) CentOS
9 218 (0.81%) Solaris
10 167 (0.62%) AIX
11 158 (0.59%) Ubuntu
12 111 (0.41%) Debian
13 95 (0.35%) Mac OS
14 94 (0.35%) Mac OS X
15 50 (0.19%) HPUX
16 47 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
17 44 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
18 43 (0.16%) CoreOS
19 35 (0.13%) Embedded Linux
20 33 (0.12%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 13,150 (48.83%) Agile Software Development
2 6,051 (22.47%) Software Engineering
3 5,741 (21.32%) TDD
4 4,381 (16.27%) Scrum
5 4,373 (16.24%) Test Automation
6 3,605 (13.39%) DevOps
7 3,525 (13.09%) OO
8 3,481 (12.93%) Continuous Integration
9 3,282 (12.19%) BDD
10 2,964 (11.01%) Microservices
11 2,668 (9.91%) SDLC
12 2,204 (8.18%) Open Source
13 2,064 (7.66%) MVC
14 2,007 (7.45%) Mentoring
15 1,767 (6.56%) E-Commerce
16 1,734 (6.44%) Web Development
17 1,606 (5.96%) Multithreading
18 1,480 (5.50%) OOP
19 1,467 (5.45%) Analytics
20 1,462 (5.43%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 8,152 (30.27%) JavaScript
2 7,129 (26.47%) SQL
3 6,312 (23.44%) Python
4 4,861 (18.05%) C#
5 3,713 (13.79%) C++
6 2,978 (11.06%) PHP
7 2,384 (8.85%) Scala
8 2,091 (7.77%) Ruby
9 1,502 (5.58%) C
10 1,050 (3.90%) Perl
11 793 (2.94%) Bash Shell
12 770 (2.86%) Go
13 756 (2.81%) Shell Script
14 671 (2.49%) PL/SQL
15 656 (2.44%) Groovy
16 584 (2.17%) R
17 460 (1.71%) PowerShell
18 394 (1.46%) Objective-C
19 318 (1.18%) T-SQL
20 273 (1.01%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 4,749 (17.64%) Degree
2 1,444 (5.36%) Computer Science Degree
3 829 (3.08%) Security Cleared
4 482 (1.79%) PhD
5 443 (1.65%) SC Cleared
6 282 (1.05%) Master's Degree
7 270 (1.00%) ISTQB
8 239 (0.89%) Numerate Degree
9 184 (0.68%) DV Cleared
10 142 (0.53%) ISEB
11 127 (0.47%) Sun Certification
12 74 (0.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 71 (0.26%) CISSP
14 69 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
15 60 (0.22%) Oracle Certification
16 56 (0.21%) SANS
17 53 (0.20%) PMI Certification
18 48 (0.18%) AWS Certification
19 39 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
19 39 (0.14%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,411 (8.95%) QA
2 135 (0.50%) SLA
3 112 (0.42%) GCP
4 85 (0.32%) Data Quality
5 55 (0.20%) GDPR
6 54 (0.20%) PCI DSS
7 52 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 44 (0.16%) PMO
9 31 (0.12%) MiFID
10 28 (0.10%) PSD2
11 22 (0.082%) COBIT
11 22 (0.082%) SEPA
12 19 (0.071%) HL7
13 15 (0.056%) WCAG
14 12 (0.045%) IFRS
14 12 (0.045%) IFRS 9
14 12 (0.045%) MISRA
15 11 (0.041%) Web Application Security Consortium
16 10 (0.037%) ISO 13485
17 9 (0.033%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 2,440 (9.06%) Docker
2 282 (1.05%) VMware Infrastructure
3 158 (0.59%) Active Directory
4 153 (0.57%) HDFS
5 139 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
6 110 (0.41%) Apache Flume
7 62 (0.23%) vSphere
8 56 (0.21%) Hyper-V
9 52 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
10 51 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 42 (0.16%) KVM
12 33 (0.12%) VirtualBox
13 25 (0.093%) Oracle RAC
14 21 (0.078%) Firmware
15 18 (0.067%) NFS
16 13 (0.048%) VMware NSX
17 11 (0.041%) Xen
18 10 (0.037%) GridGain
18 10 (0.037%) Samba
19 9 (0.033%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 1,309 (4.86%) Puppet
2 1,245 (4.62%) Ansible
3 993 (3.69%) Opscode Chef
4 870 (3.23%) Kubernetes
5 467 (1.73%) Terraform
6 166 (0.62%) Nagios
7 136 (0.51%) Kibana
8 116 (0.43%) Packer
9 113 (0.42%) Salt
10 101 (0.38%) Docker Swarm
11 89 (0.33%) Mesos
12 83 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
13 79 (0.29%) HockeyApp
14 76 (0.28%) Hadoop YARN
15 74 (0.27%) logstash
16 61 (0.23%) Prometheus
17 49 (0.18%) Grafana
18 48 (0.18%) ZABBIX
19 47 (0.17%) HP Quality Center
20 45 (0.17%) Oozie
Vendors
1 3,429 (12.73%) Oracle
2 1,223 (4.54%) Microsoft
3 990 (3.68%) Google
4 541 (2.01%) SAP
5 504 (1.87%) IBM
6 428 (1.59%) Red Hat
7 418 (1.55%) VMware
8 371 (1.38%) Salesforce.com
9 276 (1.02%) Splunk
10 266 (0.99%) TIBCO
11 261 (0.97%) hybris
12 259 (0.96%) Sybase
13 210 (0.78%) Atlassian
14 194 (0.72%) Capita
15 179 (0.66%) WorldPay
16 175 (0.65%) Tableau
17 165 (0.61%) Cloudera
18 163 (0.61%) Adobe
18 163 (0.61%) HP
19 161 (0.60%) Apple