Period
to 19 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 19 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
19 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 8 8 8
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +5
Permanent jobs citing Java 20,157 26,344 28,391
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.26% 15.73% 16.00%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.68% 28.27% 28.91%
Number of salaries quoted 16,035 20,897 21,561
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £34,750 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £98,750 £91,250 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £46,000
% change year-on-year - +8.70% -1.08%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 75,549 93,173 98,195
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.45% 55.64% 55.35%
Number of salaries quoted 61,723 77,435 80,657
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.94%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 19 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 19 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 18,398 £62,500 +8.70% 2,799
UK excluding London -1 9,968 £50,000 - 1,653
London 0 9,847 £75,000 +8.70% 1,398
South East +1 3,293 £55,000 +4.76% 403
North of England -2 2,169 £50,000 +5.26% 377
South West -7 1,257 £50,000 +5.26% 212
North West -1 1,237 £52,500 +5.00% 195
Midlands -5 986 £47,500 -5.00% 195
Scotland -1 979 £46,500 -7.00% 187
East of England -3 802 £55,000 +4.76% 214
Yorkshire -7 779 £47,500 +5.56% 137
East Midlands -1 506 £47,500 -9.52% 68
West Midlands -19 471 £46,750 -1.58% 127
Wales 0 347 £41,000 -0.61% 47
Northern Ireland +2 152 £43,750 +6.06% 21
North East -8 152 £47,500 +5.56% 45

For the 6 months to 19 September 2019, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 10,053 (49.87%) Agile Software Development
2 5,490 (27.24%) Python
3 5,483 (27.20%) JavaScript
4 5,268 (26.13%) Software Engineering
5 5,108 (25.34%) SQL
6 4,735 (23.49%) AWS
7 4,582 (22.73%) Spring
8 4,416 (21.91%) Finance
9 4,059 (20.14%) C#
10 3,950 (19.60%) DevOps
11 3,821 (18.96%) Microservices
12 3,562 (17.67%) Docker
13 3,448 (17.11%) TDD
14 3,395 (16.84%) Test Automation
15 3,314 (16.44%) Linux
16 2,996 (14.86%) Scrum
17 2,949 (14.63%) Git (software)
18 2,728 (13.53%) Jenkins
19 2,674 (13.27%) Degree
20 2,662 (13.21%) Web Services
21 2,639 (13.09%) C++
22 2,518 (12.49%) HTML
23 2,443 (12.12%) Continuous Integration
24 2,424 (12.03%) .NET
25 2,410 (11.96%) Kubernetes
26 2,404 (11.93%) AngularJS
27 2,372 (11.77%) Oracle
28 2,225 (11.04%) Azure
29 2,155 (10.69%) Java 8
30 2,035 (10.10%) Computer Science

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 965 (4.79%) Apache Spark
2 793 (3.93%) Tomcat
3 775 (3.84%) Confluence
4 573 (2.84%) Apache
5 539 (2.67%) Elasticsearch
6 418 (2.07%) JBoss
7 335 (1.66%) WebSphere
8 208 (1.03%) WebLogic
9 190 (0.94%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 189 (0.94%) CMS
11 186 (0.92%) SharePoint
12 165 (0.82%) IIS
13 164 (0.81%) BizTalk Server
14 143 (0.71%) Oracle Workflow
15 136 (0.67%) Apache Solr
16 117 (0.58%) nginx
17 115 (0.57%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 109 (0.54%) SAS
19 88 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
20 84 (0.42%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 106 (0.53%) Microsoft Excel
2 100 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
3 62 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 31 (0.15%) Chatbot
4 31 (0.15%) MS Visio
5 30 (0.15%) Photoshop
6 18 (0.089%) Simulink
7 16 (0.079%) Spreadsheet
8 15 (0.074%) Adobe Illustrator
9 14 (0.069%) EngageOne
10 12 (0.060%) Adobe Premiere
10 12 (0.060%) SPSS
11 10 (0.050%) Maya
11 10 (0.050%) Microsoft Project
12 7 (0.035%) Zeplin
13 6 (0.030%) InDesign
14 5 (0.025%) Sketch
14 5 (0.025%) Stateflow
15 4 (0.020%) FileZilla
15 4 (0.020%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 173 (0.86%) Dynamics CRM
2 138 (0.68%) Dynamics AX
3 117 (0.58%) Payment Gateway
4 91 (0.45%) thinkFolio
5 60 (0.30%) Magento
5 60 (0.30%) Markit EDM
6 57 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
7 54 (0.27%) Front Arena
8 43 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
9 32 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
9 32 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
10 27 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
10 27 (0.13%) SDL Web 8
11 26 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
12 23 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
13 22 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 21 (0.10%) LatentZero
15 20 (0.099%) R3 Corda
16 15 (0.074%) Remedy ITSM
16 15 (0.074%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 4,735 (23.49%) AWS
2 2,225 (11.04%) Azure
3 1,259 (6.25%) GCP
4 958 (4.75%) SaaS
5 655 (3.25%) Serverless
6 588 (2.92%) GitHub
7 460 (2.28%) Amazon EC2
8 425 (2.11%) Amazon S3
9 416 (2.06%) AWS Lambda
10 385 (1.91%) OpenShift
11 322 (1.60%) Cloud Computing
12 298 (1.48%) PaaS
13 289 (1.43%) AWS CloudFormation
14 250 (1.24%) Amazon ECS
15 214 (1.06%) Amazon SQS
16 190 (0.94%) IaaS
17 183 (0.91%) Power Platform
18 134 (0.66%) Dynamics 365
19 110 (0.55%) npm
20 93 (0.46%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 349 (1.73%) HTTP
2 309 (1.53%) Internet
3 219 (1.09%) TCP/IP
4 209 (1.04%) Firewall
5 86 (0.43%) DNS
6 84 (0.42%) Broadband
7 77 (0.38%) SSL
8 73 (0.36%) HTTPS
9 55 (0.27%) VPN
10 51 (0.25%) Network Security
11 45 (0.22%) Bluetooth
12 43 (0.21%) SSH
12 43 (0.21%) Wireless
13 38 (0.19%) VoIP
14 37 (0.18%) Wireshark
15 34 (0.17%) WAN
16 33 (0.16%) FTP
17 32 (0.16%) Ethernet
18 27 (0.13%) SAN
19 24 (0.12%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,607 (7.97%) Big Data
2 1,443 (7.16%) SQL Server
3 1,357 (6.73%) NoSQL
4 1,293 (6.41%) MySQL
5 1,132 (5.62%) Relational Database
6 1,104 (5.48%) PostgreSQL
7 1,012 (5.02%) MongoDB
8 1,002 (4.97%) Hadoop
9 485 (2.41%) Apache Cassandra
10 472 (2.34%) RDBMS
11 378 (1.88%) Apache Hive
12 347 (1.72%) Redis
13 338 (1.68%) Oracle Database
14 337 (1.67%) Amazon RDS
15 325 (1.61%) Data Warehouse
16 278 (1.38%) Blockchain
17 245 (1.22%) Amazon Redshift
18 232 (1.15%) HBase
19 215 (1.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 197 (0.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 2,949 (14.63%) Git (software)
2 2,728 (13.53%) Jenkins
3 1,826 (9.06%) Selenium
4 1,717 (8.52%) JIRA
5 1,557 (7.72%) Maven
6 1,264 (6.27%) Cucumber
7 1,115 (5.53%) JUnit
8 611 (3.03%) WebDriver
9 572 (2.84%) Gradle
10 539 (2.67%) Subversion
11 516 (2.56%) TeamCity
12 480 (2.38%) Bitbucket
13 394 (1.95%) Eclipse
14 369 (1.83%) JMeter
15 352 (1.75%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 311 (1.54%) Mockito
17 290 (1.44%) SoapUI
18 286 (1.42%) GitLab
19 278 (1.38%) Team Foundation Server
20 253 (1.26%) SpecFlow
General
1 4,416 (21.91%) Finance
2 1,635 (8.11%) Banking
3 1,057 (5.24%) Retail
4 958 (4.75%) Front Office
5 544 (2.70%) Games
6 513 (2.55%) Marketing
7 505 (2.51%) Public Sector
8 458 (2.27%) Telecoms
9 341 (1.69%) Investment Banking
10 301 (1.49%) Law
11 288 (1.43%) Manufacturing
12 210 (1.04%) Electronics
13 202 (1.00%) Advertising
14 186 (0.92%) Financial Institution
15 164 (0.81%) Back Office
16 145 (0.72%) Automotive
17 125 (0.62%) Legal
18 92 (0.46%) Publishing
19 90 (0.45%) Aerospace
20 86 (0.43%) Military
Job Titles
1 9,958 (49.40%) Developer
2 6,097 (30.25%) Java Developer
3 2,378 (11.80%) Software Engineer
4 2,258 (11.20%) Senior Developer
5 1,551 (7.69%) Senior Java Developer
6 1,502 (7.45%) Java Engineer
7 1,131 (5.61%) Software Developer
8 1,126 (5.59%) Architect
9 959 (4.76%) DevOps Engineer
10 912 (4.52%) Java Software Engineer
11 743 (3.69%) Analyst
12 655 (3.25%) Junior
13 616 (3.06%) Test Engineer
14 611 (3.03%) Senior Software Engineer
15 558 (2.77%) Lead Developer
16 535 (2.65%) Consultant
17 528 (2.62%) Java Software Developer
18 520 (2.58%) Graduate
19 483 (2.40%) Junior Developer
20 480 (2.38%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,582 (22.73%) Spring
2 2,662 (13.21%) Web Services
3 2,518 (12.49%) HTML
4 2,424 (12.03%) .NET
5 2,404 (11.93%) AngularJS
6 2,016 (10.00%) CSS
7 1,958 (9.71%) Spring Boot
8 1,844 (9.15%) REST
9 1,791 (8.89%) React
10 1,773 (8.80%) RESTful
11 1,704 (8.45%) Node.js
12 1,423 (7.06%) Hibernate
13 1,361 (6.75%) J2EE
14 1,257 (6.24%) XML
15 1,168 (5.79%) Kafka
16 984 (4.88%) SOAP
17 958 (4.75%) JSON
18 801 (3.97%) HTML5
19 707 (3.51%) jQuery
20 540 (2.68%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 1,253 (6.22%) Analytical Skills
2 1,232 (6.11%) Greenfield Project
3 793 (3.93%) User Experience
4 751 (3.73%) Algorithms
5 714 (3.54%) Mobile App
6 680 (3.37%) Fixed Income
7 593 (2.94%) Derivative
8 576 (2.86%) Enterprise Software
9 540 (2.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 460 (2.28%) Self-Motivation
11 457 (2.27%) Equities
12 409 (2.03%) Data Structures
13 383 (1.90%) Hedge funds
14 358 (1.78%) Public Cloud
15 251 (1.25%) Management Information System
16 245 (1.22%) Cloud Native
17 218 (1.08%) Linux Command Line
18 202 (1.00%) Robotics
19 190 (0.94%) Client/Server
20 187 (0.93%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 3,314 (16.44%) Linux
2 1,264 (6.27%) Unix
3 1,150 (5.71%) Windows
4 1,035 (5.13%) Android
5 631 (3.13%) Apple iOS
6 184 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 168 (0.83%) CentOS
8 130 (0.64%) Windows Server
9 101 (0.50%) Ubuntu
10 60 (0.30%) Mac OS
11 58 (0.29%) Windows 10
12 49 (0.24%) AIX
13 44 (0.22%) Debian
14 36 (0.18%) Mesosphere
15 32 (0.16%) MVS
16 31 (0.15%) Windows 7
17 29 (0.14%) SUSE
18 25 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
19 23 (0.11%) Fedora
19 23 (0.11%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,053 (49.87%) Agile Software Development
2 5,268 (26.13%) Software Engineering
3 3,950 (19.60%) DevOps
4 3,821 (18.96%) Microservices
5 3,448 (17.11%) TDD
6 3,395 (16.84%) Test Automation
7 2,996 (14.86%) Scrum
8 2,443 (12.12%) Continuous Integration
9 2,035 (10.10%) Computer Science
10 2,008 (9.96%) BDD
11 1,986 (9.85%) Mentoring
12 1,976 (9.80%) OO
13 1,882 (9.34%) Problem-Solving
14 1,670 (8.28%) SDLC
15 1,491 (7.40%) Fintech
16 1,404 (6.97%) Analytics
17 1,357 (6.73%) Open Source
18 1,131 (5.61%) Machine Learning
19 1,108 (5.50%) E-Commerce
20 1,046 (5.19%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 5,490 (27.24%) Python
2 5,483 (27.20%) JavaScript
3 5,108 (25.34%) SQL
4 4,059 (20.14%) C#
5 2,639 (13.09%) C++
6 2,155 (10.69%) Java 8
7 1,488 (7.38%) Scala
8 1,087 (5.39%) Ruby
9 1,013 (5.03%) C
10 988 (4.90%) PHP
11 932 (4.62%) Go
12 786 (3.90%) Kotlin
13 674 (3.34%) Bash Shell
14 551 (2.73%) TypeScript
15 484 (2.40%) R
16 454 (2.25%) PL/SQL
17 451 (2.24%) Perl
18 415 (2.06%) PowerShell
19 387 (1.92%) Shell Script
20 384 (1.91%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 2,674 (13.27%) Degree
2 981 (4.87%) Security Cleared
3 912 (4.52%) Computer Science Degree
4 484 (2.40%) SC Cleared
5 361 (1.79%) DV Cleared
6 252 (1.25%) ISTQB
7 199 (0.99%) PhD
8 158 (0.78%) Numerate Degree
9 149 (0.74%) ISEB
10 121 (0.60%) Master's Degree
11 105 (0.52%) CISSP
12 80 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 65 (0.32%) AWS Certification
14 46 (0.23%) CEH
15 38 (0.19%) Oracle Certification
16 37 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
17 36 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
17 36 (0.18%) CISM
18 33 (0.16%) CISA
19 31 (0.15%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,651 (8.19%) QA
2 112 (0.56%) GDPR
3 95 (0.47%) Data Quality
4 77 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 69 (0.34%) SLA
6 30 (0.15%) COBIT
6 30 (0.15%) PSD2
7 24 (0.12%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 23 (0.11%) HMG Infosec
8 23 (0.11%) JSP 440
9 17 (0.084%) HIPAA
10 15 (0.074%) IFRS
10 15 (0.074%) IFRS 9
10 15 (0.074%) ISO 9001
10 15 (0.074%) PCI DSS
11 13 (0.064%) WAI
12 12 (0.060%) PMO
13 11 (0.055%) CRD IV
13 11 (0.055%) MiFID
14 10 (0.050%) EMIR
System Software
1 3,562 (17.67%) Docker
2 152 (0.75%) Active Directory
3 120 (0.60%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 102 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
5 83 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
6 76 (0.38%) HDFS
7 55 (0.27%) vSphere
8 53 (0.26%) Firmware
9 51 (0.25%) Oracle RAC
10 47 (0.23%) Apache Flume
11 23 (0.11%) vCloud
12 22 (0.11%) Forefront TMG
13 20 (0.099%) Hyper-V
14 15 (0.074%) etcd
15 11 (0.055%) Job Entry Subsystem
16 9 (0.045%) VirtualBox
16 9 (0.045%) XenApp
17 8 (0.040%) KVM
17 8 (0.040%) NFS
17 8 (0.040%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 2,410 (11.96%) Kubernetes
2 1,296 (6.43%) Ansible
3 1,064 (5.28%) Terraform
4 922 (4.57%) Puppet
5 829 (4.11%) Opscode Chef
6 195 (0.97%) Prometheus
7 144 (0.71%) Mesos
8 129 (0.64%) Kibana
9 116 (0.58%) Salt
10 114 (0.57%) Grafana
10 114 (0.57%) Hadoop YARN
11 113 (0.56%) HP Quality Center
12 109 (0.54%) Consul
13 108 (0.54%) Docker Swarm
14 105 (0.52%) Packer
15 99 (0.49%) Marathon
16 95 (0.47%) Oozie
17 74 (0.37%) Rancher
18 72 (0.36%) Nagios
19 60 (0.30%) Nessus
Vendors
1 2,372 (11.77%) Oracle
2 1,165 (5.78%) Microsoft
3 932 (4.62%) Google
4 507 (2.52%) SAP
5 414 (2.05%) Salesforce.com
6 374 (1.86%) IBM
7 293 (1.45%) Splunk
8 276 (1.37%) WorldPay
9 263 (1.30%) Atlassian
10 247 (1.23%) Red Hat
11 206 (1.02%) Tableau
12 176 (0.87%) Adobe
13 171 (0.85%) Cloudera
14 165 (0.82%) VMware
15 157 (0.78%) MuleSoft
16 155 (0.77%) Bloomberg
17 136 (0.67%) HP
18 130 (0.64%) Reuters
19 128 (0.64%) Informatica
20 127 (0.63%) Sage