Period
to 18 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 18 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
18 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 75 201 408
Rank change year-on-year +126 +207 +541
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 5,338 2,916 1,306
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.72% 1.70% 0.76%
As % of the Systems Management category 29.60% 16.80% 8.64%
Number of salaries quoted 4,328 2,380 1,074
UK median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.85% -7.14% -
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,175 £42,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £54,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year +0.92% -5.22% -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 18,031 17,353 15,112
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.57% 10.10% 8.78%
Number of salaries quoted 13,823 13,664 12,212
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 18 June 2019.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 18 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +121 5,026 £68,500 +5.38% 390
London +88 3,089 £75,000 +3.45% 225
UK excluding London +156 2,149 £55,000 +0.92% 184
South East +151 732 £60,000 +4.35% 51
North of England +60 444 £55,000 +4.76% 54
South West +130 324 £55,000 +10.00% 15
North West +39 243 £60,000 +14.29% 30
East of England +123 210 £57,500 -4.17% 29
Scotland +116 185 £55,000 +22.22% 12
Midlands +91 184 £55,000 +10.00% 16
Yorkshire +48 175 £52,500 - 22
West Midlands +56 105 £57,500 +15.00% 9
East Midlands +64 80 £50,000 - 7
Northern Ireland +4 37 £50,000 +11.11% 4
Wales +30 34 £49,000 +15.29% 3
North East +29 26 £51,000 -11.30% 2

For the 6 months to 18 June 2019, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 4,419 (82.78%) Docker
2 3,188 (59.72%) DevOps
3 3,123 (58.51%) Amazon AWS
4 2,556 (47.88%) Agile Software Development
5 2,193 (41.08%) Python
6 2,079 (38.95%) Java
7 2,054 (38.48%) Linux
8 1,862 (34.88%) Microsoft Azure
9 1,693 (31.72%) Microservices
10 1,690 (31.66%) Ansible
11 1,648 (30.87%) Terraform
12 1,488 (27.88%) Jenkins
13 1,269 (23.77%) Google Cloud Platform
14 1,230 (23.04%) Puppet
15 1,211 (22.69%) Software Engineering
16 1,146 (21.47%) Git (software)
17 990 (18.55%) JavaScript
18 957 (17.93%) Finance
19 931 (17.44%) Continuous Integration
20 911 (17.07%) Opscode Chef
21 827 (15.49%) Configuration Management
22 821 (15.38%) Bash Shell
23 782 (14.65%) SQL
24 774 (14.50%) Google
25 754 (14.13%) TDD
26 747 (13.99%) Spring
27 702 (13.15%) Node.js
28 686 (12.85%) .NET
29 684 (12.81%) Open Source
30 682 (12.78%) Go

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 362 (6.78%) Elasticsearch
2 238 (4.46%) Apache Spark
3 235 (4.40%) Confluence
4 195 (3.65%) Apache
5 182 (3.41%) OpenStack
6 160 (3.00%) Tomcat
7 157 (2.94%) nginx
8 87 (1.63%) WebLogic
9 82 (1.54%) Cloud Foundry
10 65 (1.22%) IIS
11 63 (1.18%) JBoss
12 40 (0.75%) WebSphere
13 32 (0.60%) SharePoint
14 27 (0.51%) Skype for Business
15 20 (0.37%) CMS
16 19 (0.36%) Drupal
17 16 (0.30%) Apache Solr
18 14 (0.26%) CloudStack
18 14 (0.26%) Jetty
19 12 (0.22%) SAS
Applications
1 18 (0.34%) Chatbot
2 16 (0.30%) Fireworks
3 9 (0.17%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.075%) Microsoft Excel
5 3 (0.056%) HipChat
6 2 (0.037%) Adobe Premiere
6 2 (0.037%) EngageOne
6 2 (0.037%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.037%) SPSS
6 2 (0.037%) Stata
7 1 (0.019%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.019%) Sketch
7 1 (0.019%) Weka
Business Applications
1 68 (1.27%) Payment Gateway
2 7 (0.13%) NetSuite
2 7 (0.13%) Temenos T24
3 6 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
4 5 (0.094%) Magento
5 4 (0.075%) Ripple
6 2 (0.037%) Exstream
6 2 (0.037%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.037%) PolarLake
7 1 (0.019%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.019%) Dynamics GP
7 1 (0.019%) MultiChain
7 1 (0.019%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.019%) R3 Corda
7 1 (0.019%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 3,123 (58.51%) Amazon AWS
2 1,862 (34.88%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,269 (23.77%) Google Cloud Platform
4 440 (8.24%) SaaS
5 410 (7.68%) OpenShift
6 385 (7.21%) PaaS
7 358 (6.71%) AWS CloudFormation
7 358 (6.71%) Serverless
8 313 (5.86%) IaaS
9 261 (4.89%) Amazon EC2
10 256 (4.80%) GitHub
11 228 (4.27%) Amazon ECS
12 226 (4.23%) Amazon S3
13 221 (4.14%) AWS Lambda
14 176 (3.30%) Cloud Computing
15 127 (2.38%) Amazon SQS
16 116 (2.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 104 (1.95%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 82 (1.54%) Office 365
19 61 (1.14%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 236 (4.42%) Firewall
2 161 (3.02%) TCP/IP
3 103 (1.93%) HTTP
4 99 (1.85%) VPN
5 93 (1.74%) DNS
6 78 (1.46%) Internet
7 53 (0.99%) Network Security
8 49 (0.92%) VLAN
9 41 (0.77%) HTTPS
10 32 (0.60%) WAN
11 29 (0.54%) LAN
11 29 (0.54%) Skype
12 27 (0.51%) DHCP
12 27 (0.51%) SAN
12 27 (0.51%) SSL
13 19 (0.36%) WLAN
14 18 (0.34%) MPLS
15 16 (0.30%) BIG-IP
16 15 (0.28%) Cisco ASA
16 15 (0.28%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 502 (9.40%) NoSQL
2 457 (8.56%) MongoDB
3 392 (7.34%) MySQL
4 371 (6.95%) SQL Server
5 370 (6.93%) PostgreSQL
6 356 (6.67%) Big Data
7 259 (4.85%) Apache Cassandra
8 211 (3.95%) Amazon RDS
9 189 (3.54%) Relational Database
10 178 (3.33%) Hadoop
11 166 (3.11%) Redis
12 108 (2.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 105 (1.97%) Blockchain
14 88 (1.65%) Amazon Redshift
15 72 (1.35%) RDBMS
16 47 (0.88%) Data Warehouse
17 46 (0.86%) Azure SQL Database
18 38 (0.71%) Neo4j
18 38 (0.71%) SQL Server 2008
19 37 (0.69%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 1,488 (27.88%) Jenkins
2 1,146 (21.47%) Git (software)
3 380 (7.12%) JIRA
4 321 (6.01%) TeamCity
5 286 (5.36%) GitLab
6 279 (5.23%) Maven
7 273 (5.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 190 (3.56%) Bitbucket
9 186 (3.48%) Gradle
10 176 (3.30%) Selenium
11 151 (2.83%) Travis CI
12 149 (2.79%) Octopus Deploy
13 143 (2.68%) Visual Studio Team System
14 134 (2.51%) Cucumber
15 133 (2.49%) Vagrant
16 120 (2.25%) Team Foundation Server
17 119 (2.23%) CircleCI
18 103 (1.93%) Artifactory
19 99 (1.85%) Sonatype Nexus
20 96 (1.80%) Subversion
General
1 957 (17.93%) Finance
2 286 (5.36%) Banking
3 206 (3.86%) Retail
4 124 (2.32%) Games
5 107 (2.00%) Marketing
6 98 (1.84%) Law
7 87 (1.63%) Telecoms
8 68 (1.27%) Publishing
9 65 (1.22%) Front Office
10 55 (1.03%) Legal
11 41 (0.77%) Financial Institution
12 37 (0.69%) Manufacturing
13 36 (0.67%) Investment Banking
14 33 (0.62%) Electronics
15 28 (0.52%) Advertising
16 17 (0.32%) Automotive
17 13 (0.24%) Retail Banking
18 10 (0.19%) Back Office
19 8 (0.15%) Digital Economy
20 6 (0.11%) French Language
Job Titles
1 1,691 (31.68%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,491 (27.93%) Developer
3 606 (11.35%) Java Developer
4 498 (9.33%) AWS Engineer
5 432 (8.09%) Software Engineer
6 388 (7.27%) Senior DevOps
7 368 (6.89%) Cloud Engineer
8 367 (6.88%) Senior Developer
9 357 (6.69%) Architect
10 350 (6.56%) AWS DevOps
11 340 (6.37%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 291 (5.45%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 281 (5.26%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 248 (4.65%) Platform Engineer
15 243 (4.55%) Linux Engineer
16 225 (4.22%) Java Engineer
17 203 (3.80%) .NET Developer
18 178 (3.33%) Senior Java Developer
19 175 (3.28%) Python Engineer
20 173 (3.24%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 747 (13.99%) Spring
2 702 (13.15%) Node.js
3 686 (12.85%) .NET
4 615 (11.52%) React
5 602 (11.28%) Kafka
6 585 (10.96%) Web Services
7 508 (9.52%) AngularJS
8 496 (9.29%) REST
9 419 (7.85%) Spring Boot
10 393 (7.36%) HTML
11 387 (7.25%) RESTful
12 340 (6.37%) CSS
13 310 (5.81%) .NET Core
13 310 (5.81%) Elastic Stack
14 253 (4.74%) ASP.NET
15 201 (3.77%) RabbitMQ
16 189 (3.54%) ASP.NET Web API
17 185 (3.47%) Redux
18 179 (3.35%) HTML5
19 174 (3.26%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 323 (6.05%) Greenfield Project
2 313 (5.86%) Public Cloud
3 253 (4.74%) Analytical Skills
4 240 (4.50%) Cloud Native
5 226 (4.23%) Data Centre
6 219 (4.10%) Enterprise Software
7 189 (3.54%) Hybrid Cloud
7 189 (3.54%) User Experience
8 139 (2.60%) Mobile App
9 136 (2.55%) Algorithms
10 124 (2.32%) Linux Command Line
11 118 (2.21%) Self-Motivation
12 81 (1.52%) Virtual Team
13 73 (1.37%) Data Structures
14 60 (1.12%) Private Cloud
15 50 (0.94%) Hedge funds
15 50 (0.94%) Robotics
16 49 (0.92%) Blog
17 40 (0.75%) Management Information System
17 40 (0.75%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 2,054 (38.48%) Linux
2 620 (11.61%) Windows
3 288 (5.40%) Unix
4 200 (3.75%) CentOS
5 180 (3.37%) Ubuntu
6 173 (3.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 156 (2.92%) Windows Server
8 108 (2.02%) Android
9 86 (1.61%) Apple iOS
10 43 (0.81%) Fedora
11 40 (0.75%) Debian
12 28 (0.52%) Mesosphere
12 28 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
13 27 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
14 26 (0.49%) CoreOS
14 26 (0.49%) SUSE
15 25 (0.47%) Solaris
16 23 (0.43%) DC/OS
17 13 (0.24%) Amazon Linux
18 12 (0.22%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,188 (59.72%) DevOps
2 2,556 (47.88%) Agile Software Development
3 1,693 (31.72%) Microservices
4 1,211 (22.69%) Software Engineering
5 931 (17.44%) Continuous Integration
6 827 (15.49%) Configuration Management
7 754 (14.13%) TDD
8 684 (12.81%) Open Source
9 595 (11.15%) Test Automation
10 589 (11.03%) Scrum
11 585 (10.96%) Infrastructure as Code
12 539 (10.10%) Continuous Delivery
13 495 (9.27%) Fintech
14 439 (8.22%) Problem-Solving
15 438 (8.21%) Mentoring
16 403 (7.55%) Computer Science
17 371 (6.95%) BDD
18 367 (6.88%) Artificial Intelligence
19 356 (6.67%) Machine Learning
20 311 (5.83%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 2,193 (41.08%) Python
2 2,079 (38.95%) Java
3 990 (18.55%) JavaScript
4 821 (15.38%) Bash Shell
5 782 (14.65%) SQL
6 682 (12.78%) Go
7 660 (12.36%) Ruby
8 647 (12.12%) C#
9 430 (8.06%) PowerShell
10 338 (6.33%) Java 8
11 323 (6.05%) Scala
12 245 (4.59%) PHP
13 237 (4.44%) Perl
14 231 (4.33%) C++
15 172 (3.22%) TypeScript
16 167 (3.13%) Kotlin
17 128 (2.40%) C
18 117 (2.19%) Groovy
19 113 (2.12%) Shell Script
20 78 (1.46%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 451 (8.45%) Degree
2 176 (3.30%) Computer Science Degree
3 154 (2.88%) Security Cleared
4 115 (2.15%) AWS Certification
5 95 (1.78%) SC Cleared
6 59 (1.11%) Microsoft Certification
7 57 (1.07%) Cisco Certification
8 48 (0.90%) CISSP
9 44 (0.82%) Numerate Degree
10 43 (0.81%) CCNA
10 43 (0.81%) DV Cleared
11 41 (0.77%) Master's Degree
11 41 (0.77%) RHCE
12 40 (0.75%) RHCSA
13 36 (0.67%) PhD
14 35 (0.66%) MCSE
15 27 (0.51%) SANS
16 25 (0.47%) CompTIA Security+
17 24 (0.45%) Network+ Certification
17 24 (0.45%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 212 (3.97%) QA
2 49 (0.92%) GDPR
3 45 (0.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 31 (0.58%) Data Quality
5 22 (0.41%) PCI DSS
6 17 (0.32%) SLA
7 13 (0.24%) MiFID
8 6 (0.11%) SEPA
9 4 (0.075%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 4 (0.075%) PSD2
10 3 (0.056%) NCSC
11 2 (0.037%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.037%) NIST
12 1 (0.019%) FedRAMP
12 1 (0.019%) PMO
System Software
1 4,419 (82.78%) Docker
2 189 (3.54%) VMware Infrastructure
3 120 (2.25%) Active Directory
4 102 (1.91%) Hyper-V
5 68 (1.27%) Virtual Machines
6 56 (1.05%) vSphere
7 51 (0.96%) VirtualBox
8 42 (0.79%) KVM
9 32 (0.60%) RHEV
10 31 (0.58%) Oracle RAC
10 31 (0.58%) oVirt
11 26 (0.49%) VMware NSX
12 25 (0.47%) VMware ESXi
13 22 (0.41%) Xen
14 20 (0.37%) HDFS
15 19 (0.36%) NFS
16 17 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 15 (0.28%) XenApp
18 14 (0.26%) Varnish
19 13 (0.24%) Citrix Hypervisor
Systems Management
1 1,690 (31.66%) Ansible
2 1,648 (30.87%) Terraform
3 1,230 (23.04%) Puppet
4 911 (17.07%) Opscode Chef
5 285 (5.34%) Prometheus
6 280 (5.25%) Docker Swarm
7 198 (3.71%) Packer
8 161 (3.02%) Grafana
9 154 (2.88%) Salt
10 139 (2.60%) Nagios
11 115 (2.15%) Rancher
12 98 (1.84%) Consul
13 95 (1.78%) Kibana
14 86 (1.61%) Mesos
15 78 (1.46%) ZABBIX
16 54 (1.01%) logstash
17 47 (0.88%) Graphite
18 44 (0.82%) HAProxy
19 41 (0.77%) Opsview
20 35 (0.66%) CFEngine
Vendors
1 774 (14.50%) Google
2 396 (7.42%) Microsoft
3 283 (5.30%) Red Hat
4 282 (5.28%) Oracle
5 232 (4.35%) VMware
6 170 (3.18%) Splunk
7 135 (2.53%) Atlassian
8 90 (1.69%) Cisco
9 76 (1.42%) New Relic
10 62 (1.16%) AppDynamics
10 62 (1.16%) IBM
11 60 (1.12%) SaltStack
12 55 (1.03%) WorldPay
13 50 (0.94%) SAP
14 39 (0.73%) Spotify
15 35 (0.66%) Rackspace
16 33 (0.62%) Dynatrace
17 29 (0.54%) F5
17 29 (0.54%) ForgeRock
17 29 (0.54%) Sun