Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 24 31 63
Rank change year-on-year +7 +32 +85
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 11,342 3,639 6,032
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 8.92% 7.33% 4.40%
As % of the Systems Management category 53.08% 44.66% 33.63%
Number of salaries quoted 7,042 3,128 4,874
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £50,000 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £65,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.54% -7.14% +3.70%
75th Percentile £92,500 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £105,000 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 21,369 8,149 17,939
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.81% 16.42% 13.09%
Number of salaries quoted 13,644 6,825 13,793
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,565 £32,000
25th Percentile £48,750 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £77,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £93,750 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.04%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 10,223 £75,000 +11.11% 1,748
London +4 6,388 £85,000 +9.68% 1,031
UK excluding London +5 3,981 £60,000 +9.09% 816
Work from Home +8 2,750 £70,000 +16.67% 438
North of England +19 1,248 £60,000 +9.09% 218
South East +4 1,144 £65,000 +13.04% 192
Yorkshire +19 602 £57,500 +4.55% 65
North West +5 541 £62,500 +13.64% 138
Midlands +8 515 £60,000 +9.09% 103
West Midlands +4 400 £60,000 +4.35% 70
South West +3 400 £60,000 +14.29% 97
Scotland -7 270 £65,000 +30.00% 70
East of England +7 231 £60,000 +17.07% 96
Wales -14 152 £50,000 +5.26% 29
East Midlands +1 113 £60,000 +26.32% 32
North East +23 106 £52,500 +2.44% 15
Northern Ireland -13 49 £50,000 - 14
Isle of Man -6 1 £45,000 -

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 8,255 (72.78%) Docker
2 6,098 (53.76%) AWS
3 5,809 (51.22%) DevOps
4 5,358 (47.24%) Agile Software Development
5 4,484 (39.53%) Azure
6 4,211 (37.13%) Terraform
7 4,086 (36.03%) Python
8 3,745 (33.02%) Java
9 3,632 (32.02%) Software Engineering
10 3,600 (31.74%) Microservices
11 2,923 (25.77%) JavaScript
12 2,920 (25.75%) React
13 2,820 (24.86%) GCP
14 2,587 (22.81%) Jenkins
15 2,556 (22.54%) Finance
16 2,344 (20.67%) Linux
17 2,151 (18.96%) Git (software)
18 2,079 (18.33%) Infrastructure as Code
19 2,068 (18.23%) SQL
20 1,997 (17.61%) Node.js
21 1,987 (17.52%) C#
22 1,976 (17.42%) Ansible
23 1,893 (16.69%) Social Skills
24 1,791 (15.79%) Go
25 1,742 (15.36%) .NET
26 1,725 (15.21%) Full Stack Development
27 1,713 (15.10%) TypeScript
28 1,692 (14.92%) TDD
29 1,597 (14.08%) Kafka
30 1,494 (13.17%) Serverless

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 677 (5.97%) Elasticsearch
2 466 (4.11%) Apache Spark
3 338 (2.98%) Apache
4 270 (2.38%) Confluence
5 184 (1.62%) Apache Airflow
6 156 (1.38%) nginx
7 126 (1.11%) Cloud Foundry
8 97 (0.86%) Tomcat
9 90 (0.79%) OpenStack
10 66 (0.58%) Apache Solr
11 65 (0.57%) IIS
12 48 (0.42%) CMS
13 45 (0.40%) Jupyter
14 37 (0.33%) JBoss
14 37 (0.33%) Tornado
15 30 (0.26%) GemFire
16 29 (0.26%) Apache Pulsar
17 26 (0.23%) SharePoint
18 25 (0.22%) Drupal
19 24 (0.21%) WebLogic
Applications
1 35 (0.31%) Sketch
2 26 (0.23%) Figma
3 22 (0.19%) InVision
4 19 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
4 19 (0.17%) Photoshop
5 15 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
6 14 (0.12%) GIMP
6 14 (0.12%) MS Visio
6 14 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
7 12 (0.11%) Microsoft Excel
8 11 (0.097%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 9 (0.079%) SOLIDWORKS
10 6 (0.053%) Chatbot
11 5 (0.044%) Fireworks
12 1 (0.009%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 36 (0.32%) Distributed Ledger
2 24 (0.21%) Magento
3 23 (0.20%) R3 Corda
4 17 (0.15%) Sentinel
5 16 (0.14%) Shopify
6 14 (0.12%) MetaTrader
6 14 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
7 10 (0.088%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 8 (0.071%) Primavera
9 6 (0.053%) NetSuite
9 6 (0.053%) Oracle BPM
10 5 (0.044%) SDL Web 8
11 1 (0.009%) Dynamics NAV
11 1 (0.009%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 6,098 (53.76%) AWS
2 4,484 (39.53%) Azure
3 2,820 (24.86%) GCP
4 1,494 (13.17%) Serverless
5 1,010 (8.90%) SaaS
6 883 (7.79%) AWS CloudFormation
7 879 (7.75%) GitHub
8 741 (6.53%) PaaS
9 702 (6.19%) AWS Lambda
10 626 (5.52%) OpenShift
11 496 (4.37%) Amazon S3
12 486 (4.28%) Amazon EKS
13 430 (3.79%) IaaS
14 364 (3.21%) Cloud Computing
15 359 (3.17%) Amazon SQS
16 321 (2.83%) Amazon ECS
17 289 (2.55%) Amazon EC2
18 177 (1.56%) AWS Step Functions
19 174 (1.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 173 (1.53%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 415 (3.66%) HTTP
2 277 (2.44%) Firewall
3 165 (1.45%) DNS
4 156 (1.38%) Internet
5 135 (1.19%) TCP/IP
6 126 (1.11%) VPN
7 82 (0.72%) Broadband
8 77 (0.68%) Kerberos
9 70 (0.62%) SSL
10 56 (0.49%) Network Security
11 47 (0.41%) MQTT
12 46 (0.41%) SSH
13 40 (0.35%) WAN
14 34 (0.30%) DHCP
15 33 (0.29%) IPv6
15 33 (0.29%) LAN
15 33 (0.29%) SMTP
16 31 (0.27%) Calico
17 28 (0.25%) Skype
18 25 (0.22%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,453 (12.81%) PostgreSQL
2 1,380 (12.17%) NoSQL
3 983 (8.67%) MySQL
4 966 (8.52%) MongoDB
5 696 (6.14%) Redis
6 678 (5.98%) Big Data
7 641 (5.65%) SQL Server
8 638 (5.63%) Relational Database
9 620 (5.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 383 (3.38%) Amazon RDS
11 360 (3.17%) Hadoop
12 276 (2.43%) Apache Cassandra
13 225 (1.98%) Blockchain
14 188 (1.66%) Amazon Redshift
15 174 (1.53%) BigQuery
16 172 (1.52%) Azure SQL Database
17 167 (1.47%) Amazon Aurora
18 162 (1.43%) Data Lake
19 160 (1.41%) RDBMS
20 118 (1.04%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 2,587 (22.81%) Jenkins
2 2,151 (18.96%) Git (software)
3 882 (7.78%) GitLab
4 669 (5.90%) JIRA
5 414 (3.65%) Maven
6 408 (3.60%) Selenium
7 325 (2.87%) TeamCity
8 318 (2.80%) Octopus Deploy
9 312 (2.75%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 287 (2.53%) CircleCI
11 282 (2.49%) Cypress.io
12 253 (2.23%) webpack
13 250 (2.20%) JUnit
14 227 (2.00%) Gradle
15 211 (1.86%) Team Foundation Server
16 205 (1.81%) SonarQube
17 193 (1.70%) Bitbucket
18 191 (1.68%) Artifactory
19 171 (1.51%) Cucumber
20 160 (1.41%) JMeter
General
1 2,556 (22.54%) Finance
2 1,893 (16.69%) Social Skills
3 587 (5.18%) Banking
4 582 (5.13%) Retail
5 390 (3.44%) Analytical Skills
6 361 (3.18%) Public Sector
7 325 (2.87%) Games
8 307 (2.71%) Front Office
9 301 (2.65%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 270 (2.38%) Marketing
11 194 (1.71%) Law
12 184 (1.62%) Presentation Skills
13 174 (1.53%) Advertising
14 161 (1.42%) Manufacturing
15 139 (1.23%) Telecoms
16 126 (1.11%) Financial Institution
17 125 (1.10%) Legal
18 93 (0.82%) Billing
19 92 (0.81%) Influencing Skills
20 90 (0.79%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 3,052 (26.91%) Developer
2 2,372 (20.91%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,791 (15.79%) Software Engineer
4 794 (7.00%) Senior Developer
5 757 (6.67%) Architect
6 722 (6.37%) AWS Engineer
7 707 (6.23%) Java Developer
8 586 (5.17%) AWS DevOps
9 584 (5.15%) Senior Software Engineer
10 556 (4.90%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 551 (4.86%) Senior DevOps
12 535 (4.72%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 489 (4.31%) Cloud Engineer
14 463 (4.08%) Full Stack Developer
15 448 (3.95%) Platform Engineer
16 411 (3.62%) Azure Engineer
17 395 (3.48%) Java Engineer
18 391 (3.45%) React Developer
19 338 (2.98%) Software Developer
20 337 (2.97%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,920 (25.75%) React
2 1,997 (17.61%) Node.js
3 1,742 (15.36%) .NET
4 1,597 (14.08%) Kafka
5 1,375 (12.12%) Spring
6 1,235 (10.89%) AngularJS
7 1,194 (10.53%) Web Services
8 1,167 (10.29%) REST
9 1,037 (9.14%) Spring Boot
10 972 (8.57%) .NET Core
11 925 (8.16%) RESTful
12 846 (7.46%) GraphQL
13 708 (6.24%) HTML
14 673 (5.93%) CSS
15 586 (5.17%) Vue.js
16 511 (4.51%) RabbitMQ
17 428 (3.77%) Redux
18 386 (3.40%) React Native
19 369 (3.25%) JSON
20 367 (3.24%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 805 (7.10%) Cloud Native
2 626 (5.52%) Greenfield Project
3 607 (5.35%) User Experience
4 562 (4.96%) Public Cloud
5 493 (4.35%) Algorithms
6 351 (3.09%) Mobile App
7 267 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
8 246 (2.17%) Enterprise Software
9 242 (2.13%) Data Centre
10 225 (1.98%) Virtual Team
11 194 (1.71%) Hedge funds
12 174 (1.53%) Data Structures
13 172 (1.52%) Blog
14 169 (1.49%) Hybrid Cloud
15 162 (1.43%) Linux Command Line
16 128 (1.13%) Private Cloud
17 123 (1.08%) Equities
18 117 (1.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 113 (1.00%) Social Media
20 104 (0.92%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 2,344 (20.67%) Linux
2 617 (5.44%) Windows
3 365 (3.22%) Unix
4 165 (1.45%) Android
5 151 (1.33%) Apple iOS
6 148 (1.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 126 (1.11%) Windows Server
8 105 (0.93%) CentOS
9 88 (0.78%) Ubuntu
10 66 (0.58%) VMS
11 53 (0.47%) Mesosphere
12 33 (0.29%) Debian
13 26 (0.23%) Mac OS
14 25 (0.22%) CoreOS
15 17 (0.15%) Windows Server 2016
16 15 (0.13%) SUSE
17 14 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
18 12 (0.11%) zOS
19 8 (0.071%) Windows Server 2019
20 7 (0.062%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,809 (51.22%) DevOps
2 5,358 (47.24%) Agile Software Development
3 3,632 (32.02%) Software Engineering
4 3,600 (31.74%) Microservices
5 2,079 (18.33%) Infrastructure as Code
6 1,725 (15.21%) Full Stack Development
7 1,692 (14.92%) TDD
8 1,396 (12.31%) Scrum
9 1,378 (12.15%) Problem-Solving
10 1,350 (11.90%) Test Automation
11 1,272 (11.21%) Continuous Integration
12 1,184 (10.44%) Mentoring
13 959 (8.46%) Analytics
14 918 (8.09%) Configuration Management
15 888 (7.83%) Open Source
16 883 (7.79%) Fintech
17 877 (7.73%) Computer Science
18 868 (7.65%) Machine Learning
19 844 (7.44%) Artificial Intelligence
20 766 (6.75%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 4,086 (36.03%) Python
2 3,745 (33.02%) Java
3 2,923 (25.77%) JavaScript
4 2,068 (18.23%) SQL
5 1,987 (17.52%) C#
6 1,791 (15.79%) Go
7 1,713 (15.10%) TypeScript
8 1,168 (10.30%) Bash Shell
9 866 (7.64%) PowerShell
10 817 (7.20%) Ruby
11 724 (6.38%) Scala
12 661 (5.83%) Kotlin
13 473 (4.17%) PHP
14 464 (4.09%) C++
15 340 (3.00%) Java 8
16 213 (1.88%) Rust
17 211 (1.86%) C
18 201 (1.77%) Groovy
19 190 (1.68%) ES6
20 175 (1.54%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 1,006 (8.87%) Degree
2 496 (4.37%) Computer Science Degree
3 476 (4.20%) Security Cleared
4 393 (3.46%) SC Cleared
5 173 (1.53%) AWS Certification
6 161 (1.42%) Master's Degree
7 74 (0.65%) Oracle Certification
8 73 (0.64%) OCP
9 59 (0.52%) PhD
10 43 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
11 38 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
12 35 (0.31%) CISSP
13 30 (0.26%) DBS Check
14 29 (0.26%) SANS
15 20 (0.18%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 19 (0.17%) RHCE
17 18 (0.16%) DV Cleared
17 18 (0.16%) GIAC
18 13 (0.11%) CESG Certified Professional
18 13 (0.11%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 704 (6.21%) QA
2 138 (1.22%) GDPR
3 90 (0.79%) Accessibility
4 71 (0.63%) SLA
5 69 (0.61%) Data Quality
6 45 (0.40%) PSD2
7 34 (0.30%) PCI DSS
8 32 (0.28%) GxP
9 26 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 23 (0.20%) NIST
11 21 (0.19%) WCAG
12 15 (0.13%) 21 CFR Part 11
12 15 (0.13%) GRC
13 14 (0.12%) IASME
13 14 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 4 (0.035%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 4 (0.035%) ISO 9001
14 4 (0.035%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 2 (0.018%) ISO 8583
15 2 (0.018%) PMO
System Software
1 8,255 (72.78%) Docker
2 189 (1.67%) Active Directory
3 171 (1.51%) VMware Infrastructure
4 128 (1.13%) Virtual Machines
5 62 (0.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 42 (0.37%) Hyper-V
7 30 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
8 28 (0.25%) VirtualBox
9 27 (0.24%) ISA Server
10 24 (0.21%) vSphere
11 23 (0.20%) KVM
11 23 (0.20%) Varnish
12 18 (0.16%) Ceph
13 16 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
14 14 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
14 14 (0.12%) XenApp
14 14 (0.12%) XenDesktop
15 13 (0.11%) NFS
16 12 (0.11%) HDFS
17 11 (0.097%) LXC
Systems Management
1 4,211 (37.13%) Terraform
2 1,976 (17.42%) Ansible
3 1,152 (10.16%) Puppet
4 986 (8.69%) Opscode Chef
5 738 (6.51%) Prometheus
6 702 (6.19%) Grafana
7 255 (2.25%) Istio
8 169 (1.49%) Docker Swarm
9 162 (1.43%) Packer
10 155 (1.37%) Kibana
11 130 (1.15%) Consul
12 116 (1.02%) Rancher
13 94 (0.83%) Graphite
14 83 (0.73%) Nagios
15 76 (0.67%) ZABBIX
16 74 (0.65%) logstash
17 62 (0.55%) Mesos
18 58 (0.51%) HAProxy
19 56 (0.49%) Salt
20 52 (0.46%) Opsgenie
Vendors
1 1,222 (10.77%) Google
2 834 (7.35%) Microsoft
3 501 (4.42%) Oracle
4 265 (2.34%) VMware
5 254 (2.24%) Red Hat
6 248 (2.19%) Splunk
7 152 (1.34%) New Relic
8 148 (1.30%) IBM
9 144 (1.27%) SaltStack
10 99 (0.87%) SAP
11 76 (0.67%) Atlassian
12 75 (0.66%) Dynatrace
13 59 (0.52%) Apple
14 56 (0.49%) Databricks
14 56 (0.49%) LexisNexis
15 49 (0.43%) Cisco
16 44 (0.39%) Adobe
16 44 (0.39%) Cloudera
17 43 (0.38%) Facebook
18 41 (0.36%) YouTube