Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Google Kubernetes (K8s)
UK
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 125 293 744
Rank change year-on-year +168 +451 +484
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 4,233 2,055 540
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.65% 1.15% 0.29%
As % of the Systems Management category 23.80% 12.69% 3.24%
Number of salaries quoted 3,365 1,716 433
UK median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £67,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - -3.70% -10.00%
10th Percentile £40,804 £43,750 £45,000
90th Percentile £93,750 £95,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year - -8.33% +20.00%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 17,786 16,193 16,675
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.15% 9.03% 8.95%
Number of salaries quoted 14,035 13,261 13,487
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +167 4,044 £67,500 +3.85% 901
London +114 2,627 £72,500 +3.57% 555
UK excluding London +235 1,536 £55,000 - 397
South East +164 468 £55,000 -5.78% 112
North of England +124 401 £52,500 - 120
North West +71 227 £52,750 +0.48% 65
East of England +106 218 £60,000 - 30
Midlands +141 154 £60,000 - 38
Yorkshire +122 154 £52,500 - 47
South West +114 146 £55,000 +10.00% 46
West Midlands +96 99 £57,500 +9.52% 29
Scotland +72 84 £50,000 -25.93% 32
East Midlands +59 55 £66,250 +1.92% 9
Wales +47 51 £49,039 -4.32% 10
Northern Ireland +2 24 £50,000 +11.11% 9
North East +6 20 £52,500 -12.50% 8

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 3,636 (85.90%) Docker
2 2,589 (61.16%) DevOps
3 2,468 (58.30%) Amazon AWS
4 1,999 (47.22%) Agile Software Development
5 1,862 (43.99%) Linux
6 1,790 (42.29%) Python
7 1,576 (37.23%) Ansible
8 1,528 (36.10%) Microsoft Azure
9 1,525 (36.03%) Java
10 1,343 (31.73%) Jenkins
11 1,318 (31.14%) Microservices
12 1,232 (29.10%) Terraform
13 1,147 (27.10%) Puppet
14 974 (23.01%) Google Cloud Platform
15 901 (21.29%) Continuous Integration
16 847 (20.01%) Opscode Chef
17 820 (19.37%) Software Engineering
18 798 (18.85%) Git (software)
19 777 (18.36%) Configuration Management
20 730 (17.25%) Google
21 703 (16.61%) JavaScript
22 699 (16.51%) Bash Shell
23 698 (16.49%) Finance
24 658 (15.54%) SQL
25 653 (15.43%) Go
26 636 (15.02%) Ruby
27 626 (14.79%) Open Source
28 598 (14.13%) Node.js
29 541 (12.78%) TDD
30 514 (12.14%) Web Services

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 317 (7.49%) Elasticsearch
2 187 (4.42%) OpenStack
3 176 (4.16%) Apache Spark
4 167 (3.95%) Apache
5 147 (3.47%) Tomcat
6 135 (3.19%) Cloud Foundry
7 128 (3.02%) Confluence
8 108 (2.55%) nginx
9 76 (1.80%) WebLogic
10 71 (1.68%) WebSphere
11 62 (1.46%) Ethereum
12 50 (1.18%) Apache Solr
13 36 (0.85%) IIS
13 36 (0.85%) JBoss
14 28 (0.66%) Anypoint
15 18 (0.43%) CMS
16 15 (0.35%) CloudStack
16 15 (0.35%) Drupal
17 13 (0.31%) Hyperledger
17 13 (0.31%) Jetty
Applications
1 11 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 7 (0.17%) Chatbot
3 7 (0.17%) HipChat
4 2 (0.047%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.047%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.024%) Fireworks
5 1 (0.024%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 44 (1.04%) Payment Gateway
2 23 (0.54%) Ripple
3 19 (0.45%) Distributed Ledger
4 9 (0.21%) Remedy ITSM
5 6 (0.14%) Magento
6 5 (0.12%) Eagle PACE
6 5 (0.12%) Front Arena
6 5 (0.12%) thinkFolio
7 2 (0.047%) SAP Business One
7 2 (0.047%) Temenos T24
8 1 (0.024%) BigMachines
8 1 (0.024%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.024%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.024%) SAP Hybris
8 1 (0.024%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 2,468 (58.30%) Amazon AWS
2 1,528 (36.10%) Microsoft Azure
3 974 (23.01%) Google Cloud Platform
4 345 (8.15%) OpenShift
5 328 (7.75%) PaaS
6 293 (6.92%) SaaS
7 288 (6.80%) GitHub
8 259 (6.12%) AWS CloudFormation
9 253 (5.98%) Cloud Computing
10 222 (5.24%) Serverless
11 195 (4.61%) IaaS
12 170 (4.02%) Amazon EC2
13 145 (3.43%) Amazon S3
13 145 (3.43%) AWS Lambda
14 107 (2.53%) IBM Cloud
15 81 (1.91%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 56 (1.32%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 40 (0.94%) Datadog
18 38 (0.90%) Route 53
19 34 (0.80%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 191 (4.51%) Firewall
2 114 (2.69%) VPN
3 110 (2.60%) TCP/IP
4 102 (2.41%) HTTP
5 99 (2.34%) DNS
6 58 (1.37%) Internet
7 57 (1.35%) Network Security
8 38 (0.90%) VLAN
9 28 (0.66%) WAN
10 25 (0.59%) LAN
10 25 (0.59%) SAN
11 19 (0.45%) AMQP
11 19 (0.45%) DHCP
11 19 (0.45%) SSL
12 17 (0.40%) VSAN
13 16 (0.38%) BGP
14 14 (0.33%) BIG-IP
15 12 (0.28%) Cisco Nexus
15 12 (0.28%) OSPF
16 10 (0.24%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 440 (10.39%) NoSQL
2 352 (8.32%) PostgreSQL
3 345 (8.15%) MySQL
4 320 (7.56%) MongoDB
5 308 (7.28%) Big Data
6 236 (5.58%) SQL Server
7 228 (5.39%) Apache Cassandra
8 158 (3.73%) Relational Database
9 153 (3.61%) Hadoop
10 135 (3.19%) Redis
11 128 (3.02%) Blockchain
12 125 (2.95%) Amazon RDS
13 63 (1.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 55 (1.30%) RDBMS
15 54 (1.28%) Neo4j
16 48 (1.13%) Apache Hive
17 47 (1.11%) Data Warehouse
18 46 (1.09%) Oracle Database
19 42 (0.99%) MariaDB
20 40 (0.94%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 1,343 (31.73%) Jenkins
2 798 (18.85%) Git (software)
3 326 (7.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 265 (6.26%) TeamCity
5 253 (5.98%) JIRA
6 248 (5.86%) Maven
7 226 (5.34%) Vagrant
8 202 (4.77%) GitLab
9 152 (3.59%) Subversion
10 141 (3.33%) Cucumber
11 134 (3.17%) Octopus Deploy
12 127 (3.00%) Selenium
13 124 (2.93%) Sonatype Nexus
14 117 (2.76%) CircleCI
15 115 (2.72%) Gradle
16 106 (2.50%) Travis CI
17 99 (2.34%) Visual Studio Team System
18 91 (2.15%) Bitbucket
18 91 (2.15%) JUnit
19 82 (1.94%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 698 (16.49%) Finance
2 218 (5.15%) Banking
3 217 (5.13%) Retail
4 150 (3.54%) Marketing
5 145 (3.43%) Law
6 128 (3.02%) Games
7 116 (2.74%) Telecoms
8 82 (1.94%) Manufacturing
9 74 (1.75%) Electronics
10 40 (0.94%) Financial Institution
10 40 (0.94%) Investment Banking
11 37 (0.87%) Advertising
11 37 (0.87%) Front Office
12 27 (0.64%) Publishing
13 22 (0.52%) Back Office
13 22 (0.52%) Legal
14 20 (0.47%) Automotive
15 7 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
16 6 (0.14%) Retail Banking
17 4 (0.094%) Interactive Media
Job Titles
1 1,443 (34.09%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,137 (26.86%) Developer
3 474 (11.20%) Java Developer
4 320 (7.56%) Architect
5 313 (7.39%) Senior Developer
6 291 (6.87%) AWS Engineer
7 285 (6.73%) Senior DevOps
8 283 (6.69%) Software Engineer
9 275 (6.50%) AWS DevOps
10 241 (5.69%) Cloud Engineer
11 232 (5.48%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 228 (5.39%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 225 (5.32%) Linux Engineer
14 205 (4.84%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 192 (4.54%) Platform Engineer
16 180 (4.25%) Linux/Unix DevOps
17 157 (3.71%) Lead DevOps
18 154 (3.64%) Senior Java Developer
19 136 (3.21%) Linux DevOps Engineer
20 118 (2.79%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 598 (14.13%) Node.js
2 514 (12.14%) Web Services
3 509 (12.02%) Spring
4 437 (10.32%) React
5 411 (9.71%) .NET
6 396 (9.36%) AngularJS
7 374 (8.84%) RESTful
8 369 (8.72%) Spring Boot
9 353 (8.34%) Kafka
10 309 (7.30%) HTML
11 288 (6.80%) REST
12 264 (6.24%) CSS
13 205 (4.84%) Elastic Stack
14 196 (4.63%) .NET Core
15 176 (4.16%) HTML5
16 124 (2.93%) RabbitMQ
17 117 (2.76%) Redux
18 114 (2.69%) ASP.NET
19 111 (2.62%) Java EE
20 110 (2.60%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 351 (8.29%) Fintech
2 310 (7.32%) Greenfield Project
3 274 (6.47%) Public Cloud
4 180 (4.25%) Analytical Skills
5 158 (3.73%) Hybrid Cloud
6 155 (3.66%) Cloud Native
7 143 (3.38%) Data Centre
7 143 (3.38%) Self-Motivation
8 120 (2.83%) Enterprise Software
9 101 (2.39%) Linux Command Line
9 101 (2.39%) User Experience
10 100 (2.36%) Blog
11 93 (2.20%) Mobile App
12 66 (1.56%) Algorithms
13 58 (1.37%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 52 (1.23%) Bitcoin
15 51 (1.20%) Data Structures
16 50 (1.18%) Virtual Team
17 49 (1.16%) Management Information System
18 46 (1.09%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 1,862 (43.99%) Linux
2 475 (11.22%) Windows
3 252 (5.95%) Unix
4 233 (5.50%) CentOS
5 210 (4.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 152 (3.59%) Ubuntu
7 106 (2.50%) Windows Server
8 65 (1.54%) Debian
9 62 (1.46%) Android
10 53 (1.25%) VMS
11 47 (1.11%) CoreOS
12 45 (1.06%) Apple iOS
13 36 (0.85%) Fedora
14 31 (0.73%) DC/OS
15 27 (0.64%) Windows Server 2008
16 21 (0.50%) Mesosphere
17 20 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
18 18 (0.43%) Solaris
19 13 (0.31%) AIX
20 9 (0.21%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,589 (61.16%) DevOps
2 1,999 (47.22%) Agile Software Development
3 1,318 (31.14%) Microservices
4 901 (21.29%) Continuous Integration
5 820 (19.37%) Software Engineering
6 777 (18.36%) Configuration Management
7 626 (14.79%) Open Source
8 541 (12.78%) TDD
9 501 (11.84%) Continuous Delivery
10 486 (11.48%) Test Automation
11 480 (11.34%) Scrum
12 344 (8.13%) Problem-Solving
13 330 (7.80%) Computer Science
14 321 (7.58%) Deployment Automation
15 283 (6.69%) Machine Learning
16 268 (6.33%) BDD
17 260 (6.14%) Mentoring
18 244 (5.76%) Artificial Intelligence
19 242 (5.72%) Infrastructure Engineering
20 234 (5.53%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 1,790 (42.29%) Python
2 1,525 (36.03%) Java
3 703 (16.61%) JavaScript
4 699 (16.51%) Bash Shell
5 658 (15.54%) SQL
6 653 (15.43%) Go
7 636 (15.02%) Ruby
8 454 (10.73%) C#
9 330 (7.80%) PowerShell
10 307 (7.25%) Scala
11 262 (6.19%) Perl
12 238 (5.62%) Java 8
13 210 (4.96%) PHP
14 207 (4.89%) C++
15 167 (3.95%) TypeScript
16 144 (3.40%) Shell Script
17 118 (2.79%) C
18 94 (2.22%) Groovy
19 82 (1.94%) ES6
20 74 (1.75%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 438 (10.35%) Degree
2 165 (3.90%) Computer Science Degree
3 164 (3.87%) Security Cleared
4 94 (2.22%) AWS Certification
5 77 (1.82%) Master's Degree
6 69 (1.63%) SC Cleared
7 49 (1.16%) RHCE
8 46 (1.09%) RHCSA
9 29 (0.69%) DV Cleared
10 16 (0.38%) CISSP
11 14 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
12 12 (0.28%) MCSE
12 12 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
12 12 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
12 12 (0.28%) SANS
13 11 (0.26%) CompTIA Security+
14 10 (0.24%) CCNA
15 9 (0.21%) ISEB
15 9 (0.21%) TOGAF Certification
16 8 (0.19%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 235 (5.55%) QA
2 22 (0.52%) GDPR
3 12 (0.28%) SLA
4 10 (0.24%) PMO
5 8 (0.19%) PCI DSS
6 6 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 4 (0.094%) Data Quality
7 4 (0.094%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 3 (0.071%) WCAG
9 2 (0.047%) MiFID
9 2 (0.047%) PSD2
10 1 (0.024%) SEPA
System Software
1 3,636 (85.90%) Docker
2 197 (4.65%) VMware Infrastructure
3 113 (2.67%) Active Directory
4 84 (1.98%) VirtualBox
5 73 (1.72%) Virtual Machines
6 56 (1.32%) VMware ESXi
7 41 (0.97%) Hyper-V
8 40 (0.94%) oVirt
8 40 (0.94%) vSphere
9 38 (0.90%) Xen
10 29 (0.69%) RHEV
11 28 (0.66%) HDFS
12 25 (0.59%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 25 (0.59%) KVM
13 24 (0.57%) VMware NSX
14 23 (0.54%) Ceph
14 23 (0.54%) NFS
15 17 (0.40%) etcd
16 16 (0.38%) LXC
17 13 (0.31%) pfSense
Systems Management
1 1,576 (37.23%) Ansible
2 1,232 (29.10%) Terraform
3 1,147 (27.10%) Puppet
4 847 (20.01%) Opscode Chef
5 346 (8.17%) Docker Swarm
6 251 (5.93%) Prometheus
7 225 (5.32%) Packer
8 209 (4.94%) Grafana
9 198 (4.68%) Salt
10 158 (3.73%) Consul
10 158 (3.73%) Nagios
11 131 (3.09%) ZABBIX
12 114 (2.69%) Graphite
13 106 (2.50%) Mesos
14 100 (2.36%) Rancher
15 64 (1.51%) Opsview
16 57 (1.35%) Kibana
17 48 (1.13%) HAProxy
18 37 (0.87%) logstash
19 33 (0.78%) rkt
Vendors
1 730 (17.25%) Google
2 401 (9.47%) Red Hat
3 328 (7.75%) Microsoft
4 269 (6.35%) VMware
5 237 (5.60%) Oracle
6 180 (4.25%) Splunk
7 138 (3.26%) Atlassian
8 128 (3.02%) SAP
9 124 (2.93%) IBM
10 97 (2.29%) New Relic
11 74 (1.75%) AppDynamics
12 66 (1.56%) Cisco
13 58 (1.37%) WorldPay
14 54 (1.28%) SaltStack
15 50 (1.18%) Hortonworks
16 49 (1.16%) Cloudera
17 33 (0.78%) PagerDuty
18 32 (0.76%) MuleSoft
19 30 (0.71%) Apple
20 28 (0.66%) NetApp