Period
to 18 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 18 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
18 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 26 44 89
Rank change year-on-year +18 +45 +135
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 7,686 5,193 5,067
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 8.50% 5.44% 3.48%
As % of the Systems Management category 52.09% 40.11% 28.51%
Number of salaries quoted 5,853 4,282 4,142
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £41,550
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year - +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £83,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £105,000 £96,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £59,500 £55,000 £55,330
% change year-on-year +8.18% -0.60% +0.60%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 14,756 12,947 17,770
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.31% 13.56% 12.22%
Number of salaries quoted 11,293 10,296 13,864
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,927 £33,000
25th Percentile £46,250 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £63,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +9.09%
75th Percentile £81,250 £80,000 £76,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 18 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 7,048 £70,000 - 1,381
London +17 4,071 £80,000 +3.23% 750
UK excluding London +54 3,097 £59,500 +8.18% 684
Work from Home +12 1,773 £65,000 - 384
North of England +38 956 £57,500 +4.55% 228
South East +60 952 £62,500 +8.70% 173
Yorkshire +35 475 £57,500 +9.52% 79
South West +39 464 £55,000 +4.76% 77
North West +26 413 £60,000 +4.35% 126
Midlands +38 283 £62,500 +13.64% 94
Scotland +14 221 £54,500 -0.91% 29
West Midlands +37 198 £62,500 +13.64% 65
East of England +38 140 £65,000 +13.04% 57
East Midlands +22 84 £60,000 +20.00% 29
North East +56 70 £47,500 -5.00% 23
Wales +4 61 £55,000 +25.00% 17
Northern Ireland +12 24 £52,500 +16.67% 9
Isle of Man - 2 £38,750 -

For the 6 months to 18 May 2021, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 5,816 (75.67%) Docker
2 4,169 (54.24%) DevOps
3 4,082 (53.11%) AWS
4 3,518 (45.77%) Agile Software Development
5 3,084 (40.12%) Azure
6 2,990 (38.90%) Terraform
7 2,817 (36.65%) Python
8 2,391 (31.11%) Microservices
9 2,328 (30.29%) Java
10 2,107 (27.41%) Software Engineering
11 1,881 (24.47%) JavaScript
12 1,814 (23.60%) Linux
13 1,765 (22.96%) GCP
14 1,698 (22.09%) Jenkins
15 1,618 (21.05%) Finance
16 1,606 (20.90%) SQL
17 1,533 (19.95%) Ansible
18 1,452 (18.89%) Git (software)
19 1,448 (18.84%) C#
20 1,349 (17.55%) Infrastructure as Code
21 1,234 (16.06%) React
22 1,199 (15.60%) TDD
23 1,105 (14.38%) Node.js
24 1,101 (14.32%) Go
25 1,100 (14.31%) .NET
26 990 (12.88%) Social Skills
27 956 (12.44%) Scrum
28 950 (12.36%) Kafka
29 949 (12.35%) PostgreSQL
30 933 (12.14%) Puppet

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 426 (5.54%) Elasticsearch
2 401 (5.22%) Apache Spark
3 181 (2.35%) Confluence
4 175 (2.28%) Apache
5 120 (1.56%) Apache Airflow
6 90 (1.17%) OpenStack
7 72 (0.94%) Cloud Foundry
8 71 (0.92%) nginx
9 54 (0.70%) Tomcat
10 44 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 41 (0.53%) IIS
12 35 (0.46%) Apache Solr
12 35 (0.46%) ColdFusion
13 33 (0.43%) CMS
14 26 (0.34%) JBoss
15 25 (0.33%) SharePoint
16 22 (0.29%) Drupal
16 22 (0.29%) WordPress
17 19 (0.25%) Tornado
18 16 (0.21%) WebSphere
Applications
1 37 (0.48%) InVision
2 30 (0.39%) Sketch
3 29 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
4 10 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
5 6 (0.078%) Microsoft Excel
6 5 (0.065%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.065%) GIMP
6 5 (0.065%) Photoshop
6 5 (0.065%) Zeplin
7 4 (0.052%) Chatbot
7 4 (0.052%) SOLIDWORKS
8 3 (0.039%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 2 (0.026%) Figma
10 1 (0.013%) MS Visio
10 1 (0.013%) Revit
Business Applications
1 24 (0.31%) Magento
2 20 (0.26%) R3 Corda
3 16 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
4 11 (0.14%) Sentinel
5 9 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
6 7 (0.091%) Payment Gateway
7 6 (0.078%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 6 (0.078%) Primavera
7 6 (0.078%) Shopify
7 6 (0.078%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 5 (0.065%) MetaTrader
9 4 (0.052%) Infor M3
10 2 (0.026%) NetSuite
11 1 (0.013%) Oracle EBS
11 1 (0.013%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 4,082 (53.11%) AWS
2 3,084 (40.12%) Azure
3 1,765 (22.96%) GCP
4 729 (9.48%) Serverless
5 695 (9.04%) SaaS
6 618 (8.04%) AWS CloudFormation
7 585 (7.61%) PaaS
8 416 (5.41%) IaaS
9 412 (5.36%) Amazon EKS
10 401 (5.22%) GitHub
11 335 (4.36%) OpenShift
12 315 (4.10%) AWS Lambda
13 279 (3.63%) Amazon S3
14 274 (3.56%) Amazon ECS
15 185 (2.41%) Amazon EC2
16 184 (2.39%) Datadog
17 162 (2.11%) Cloud Computing
18 144 (1.87%) Amazon SQS
19 141 (1.83%) Pulumi
20 134 (1.74%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 211 (2.75%) Firewall
2 158 (2.06%) HTTP
3 130 (1.69%) Internet
4 123 (1.60%) DNS
4 123 (1.60%) TCP/IP
5 63 (0.82%) VPN
6 53 (0.69%) Network Security
7 45 (0.59%) WAN
8 33 (0.43%) DHCP
9 31 (0.40%) LAN
10 28 (0.36%) SAN
10 28 (0.36%) SSL
11 22 (0.29%) SMTP
12 20 (0.26%) DMZ
13 18 (0.23%) 5G
13 18 (0.23%) SSH
14 17 (0.22%) FTP
15 16 (0.21%) Cisco Nexus
15 16 (0.21%) HTTPS
16 15 (0.20%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 949 (12.35%) PostgreSQL
2 763 (9.93%) NoSQL
3 678 (8.82%) MongoDB
4 568 (7.39%) MySQL
5 545 (7.09%) Big Data
6 472 (6.14%) SQL Server
7 361 (4.70%) Relational Database
8 312 (4.06%) Hadoop
9 284 (3.70%) Redis
10 264 (3.43%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 230 (2.99%) Azure SQL Database
12 199 (2.59%) Amazon RDS
13 154 (2.00%) Apache Cassandra
14 148 (1.93%) Amazon Redshift
15 128 (1.67%) BigQuery
16 99 (1.29%) Blockchain
17 98 (1.28%) MariaDB
18 97 (1.26%) Neo4j
19 91 (1.18%) Data Warehouse
20 83 (1.08%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,698 (22.09%) Jenkins
2 1,452 (18.89%) Git (software)
3 634 (8.25%) GitLab
4 386 (5.02%) JIRA
5 280 (3.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 240 (3.12%) Maven
7 229 (2.98%) Selenium
8 205 (2.67%) Gradle
9 202 (2.63%) TeamCity
10 189 (2.46%) CircleCI
11 164 (2.13%) Bitbucket
12 147 (1.91%) Artifactory
13 145 (1.89%) Vagrant
14 122 (1.59%) Cucumber
15 118 (1.54%) Cypress.io
16 112 (1.46%) JUnit
17 96 (1.25%) Octopus Deploy
18 94 (1.22%) Team Foundation Server
19 87 (1.13%) Sonatype Nexus
20 75 (0.98%) SonarQube
General
1 1,618 (21.05%) Finance
2 990 (12.88%) Social Skills
3 495 (6.44%) Banking
4 331 (4.31%) Public Sector
5 263 (3.42%) Games
6 248 (3.23%) Retail
7 243 (3.16%) Analytical Skills
8 227 (2.95%) Marketing
9 128 (1.67%) Telecoms
10 115 (1.50%) Law
11 114 (1.48%) Manufacturing
12 111 (1.44%) Front Office
13 99 (1.29%) Legal
14 88 (1.14%) Electronics
14 88 (1.14%) Presentation Skills
15 77 (1.00%) Advertising
16 52 (0.68%) Billing
17 48 (0.62%) Financial Institution
18 44 (0.57%) Public Speaking
19 39 (0.51%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 2,287 (29.76%) Developer
2 1,858 (24.17%) DevOps Engineer
3 775 (10.08%) Software Engineer
4 741 (9.64%) AWS Engineer
5 657 (8.55%) Senior Developer
6 601 (7.82%) Java Developer
7 521 (6.78%) AWS DevOps
8 497 (6.47%) Senior DevOps
9 488 (6.35%) Architect
10 482 (6.27%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 482 (6.27%) Cloud Engineer
11 474 (6.17%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 407 (5.30%) Azure Engineer
13 343 (4.46%) Platform Engineer
14 339 (4.41%) Full Stack Developer
15 286 (3.72%) Azure DevOps Engineer
15 286 (3.72%) Java Engineer
16 266 (3.46%) Software Developer
17 263 (3.42%) Kubernetes Engineer
18 256 (3.33%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,234 (16.06%) React
2 1,105 (14.38%) Node.js
3 1,100 (14.31%) .NET
4 950 (12.36%) Kafka
5 875 (11.38%) AngularJS
6 733 (9.54%) Spring
7 654 (8.51%) .NET Core
8 638 (8.30%) REST
9 560 (7.29%) Spring Boot
10 541 (7.04%) Web Services
11 498 (6.48%) CSS
12 450 (5.85%) HTML
12 450 (5.85%) Vue.js
13 414 (5.39%) RESTful
14 386 (5.02%) GraphQL
15 345 (4.49%) RabbitMQ
16 288 (3.75%) .NET Framework
17 216 (2.81%) Elastic Stack
18 207 (2.69%) HTML5
19 198 (2.58%) gRPC
Miscellaneous
1 465 (6.05%) Cloud Native
2 432 (5.62%) Greenfield Project
3 354 (4.61%) Public Cloud
4 253 (3.29%) Data Centre
5 227 (2.95%) Algorithms
6 219 (2.85%) Hybrid Cloud
7 204 (2.65%) User Experience
8 182 (2.37%) Mobile App
9 181 (2.35%) Linux Command Line
9 181 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
10 144 (1.87%) Hedge funds
11 136 (1.77%) Data Structures
12 121 (1.57%) Blog
13 114 (1.48%) Enterprise Software
14 81 (1.05%) Virtual Team
15 78 (1.01%) Equities
16 77 (1.00%) Private Cloud
17 74 (0.96%) Enterprise Cloud
18 60 (0.78%) NHS
19 59 (0.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 1,814 (23.60%) Linux
2 489 (6.36%) Windows
3 268 (3.49%) Unix
4 186 (2.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 129 (1.68%) Ubuntu
6 125 (1.63%) CentOS
7 106 (1.38%) Windows Server
8 87 (1.13%) Android
9 65 (0.85%) Apple iOS
10 35 (0.46%) Windows Server 2016
11 31 (0.40%) Alpine Linux
12 22 (0.29%) Debian
12 22 (0.29%) VMS
13 21 (0.27%) Windows Server 2019
14 18 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
15 8 (0.10%) Windows Server 2008
16 7 (0.091%) CoreOS
16 7 (0.091%) Oracle Linux
17 4 (0.052%) Fedora
17 4 (0.052%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,169 (54.24%) DevOps
2 3,518 (45.77%) Agile Software Development
3 2,391 (31.11%) Microservices
4 2,107 (27.41%) Software Engineering
5 1,349 (17.55%) Infrastructure as Code
6 1,199 (15.60%) TDD
7 956 (12.44%) Scrum
8 869 (11.31%) Continuous Integration
9 867 (11.28%) Mentoring
10 814 (10.59%) Fintech
11 726 (9.45%) Test Automation
12 711 (9.25%) Configuration Management
13 683 (8.89%) Problem-Solving
14 612 (7.96%) Analytics
15 564 (7.34%) Machine Learning
16 562 (7.31%) Artificial Intelligence
17 554 (7.21%) Site Reliability Engineering
18 517 (6.73%) Open Source
19 473 (6.15%) Computer Science
20 451 (5.87%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 2,817 (36.65%) Python
2 2,328 (30.29%) Java
3 1,881 (24.47%) JavaScript
4 1,606 (20.90%) SQL
5 1,448 (18.84%) C#
6 1,101 (14.32%) Go
7 893 (11.62%) TypeScript
8 731 (9.51%) Bash Shell
9 630 (8.20%) Ruby
10 618 (8.04%) PowerShell
11 417 (5.43%) PHP
12 389 (5.06%) Scala
13 290 (3.77%) C++
14 288 (3.75%) Kotlin
15 217 (2.82%) Java 8
16 170 (2.21%) Groovy
17 163 (2.12%) ES6
18 124 (1.61%) Shell Script
19 103 (1.34%) C
19 103 (1.34%) Perl
Qualifications
1 561 (7.30%) Degree
2 476 (6.19%) Security Cleared
3 381 (4.96%) SC Cleared
4 248 (3.23%) Computer Science Degree
5 156 (2.03%) AWS Certification
6 82 (1.07%) Master's Degree
7 48 (0.62%) Cisco Certification
8 42 (0.55%) Microsoft Certification
9 41 (0.53%) DV Cleared
10 34 (0.44%) PhD
11 31 (0.40%) OCP
11 31 (0.40%) Oracle Certification
12 28 (0.36%) SANS
13 26 (0.34%) RHCE
14 24 (0.31%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 22 (0.29%) CCNP
15 22 (0.29%) RHCSA
16 20 (0.26%) CISSP
17 19 (0.25%) ISTQB
18 15 (0.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 259 (3.37%) QA
2 62 (0.81%) GDPR
3 47 (0.61%) SLA
4 37 (0.48%) Data Quality
5 32 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 30 (0.39%) WCAG
7 20 (0.26%) GRC
7 20 (0.26%) PCI DSS
7 20 (0.26%) PSD2
8 16 (0.21%) NIST
9 11 (0.14%) HIPAA
10 10 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 8 (0.10%) ISO 9001
12 7 (0.091%) SOC 2
13 5 (0.065%) SOC 1
14 3 (0.039%) Cyber Essentials
15 2 (0.026%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 2 (0.026%) ISO 22301
15 2 (0.026%) PMBOK
16 1 (0.013%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 5,816 (75.67%) Docker
2 211 (2.75%) Active Directory
3 151 (1.96%) VMware Infrastructure
4 118 (1.54%) Virtual Machines
5 77 (1.00%) VirtualBox
6 46 (0.60%) Hyper-V
7 40 (0.52%) KVM
8 29 (0.38%) Virtual Servers
9 26 (0.34%) vSphere
10 19 (0.25%) XenApp
11 18 (0.23%) Xen
12 17 (0.22%) LXC
12 17 (0.22%) XenDesktop
13 16 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
14 15 (0.20%) HDFS
14 15 (0.20%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 13 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 9 (0.12%) NFS
17 7 (0.091%) Virtual Desktop
18 6 (0.078%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 2,990 (38.90%) Terraform
2 1,533 (19.95%) Ansible
3 933 (12.14%) Puppet
4 702 (9.13%) Opscode Chef
5 456 (5.93%) Prometheus
6 389 (5.06%) Grafana
7 188 (2.45%) Docker Swarm
8 184 (2.39%) Istio
9 159 (2.07%) Packer
10 98 (1.28%) Nagios
11 95 (1.24%) Consul
12 72 (0.94%) ZABBIX
13 69 (0.90%) Graphite
14 55 (0.72%) Salt
15 54 (0.70%) Kibana
16 47 (0.61%) Rancher
17 42 (0.55%) CFEngine
18 39 (0.51%) Opsview
19 36 (0.47%) SCCM
20 33 (0.43%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 781 (10.16%) Google
2 591 (7.69%) Microsoft
3 405 (5.27%) Oracle
4 257 (3.34%) VMware
5 239 (3.11%) Red Hat
6 211 (2.75%) IBM
7 165 (2.15%) Splunk
8 141 (1.83%) SaltStack
9 107 (1.39%) SAP
10 98 (1.28%) Atlassian
11 93 (1.21%) New Relic
12 80 (1.04%) Hortonworks
13 79 (1.03%) Cloudera
14 70 (0.91%) Talend
15 66 (0.86%) Informatica
16 62 (0.81%) Cisco
17 51 (0.66%) PagerDuty
18 40 (0.52%) Databricks
19 38 (0.49%) Citrix
20 33 (0.43%) ServiceNow