Period
to 9 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 9 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
9 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 49 100 233
Rank change year-on-year +51 +133 +272
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 5,771 4,799 2,642
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 5.01% 3.22% 1.49%
As % of the Systems Management category 38.22% 27.06% 15.30%
Number of salaries quoted 5,088 4,269 2,306
Median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% -3.70%
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £42,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year -4.35% +4.55% -4.35%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 15,098 17,737 17,272
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.11% 11.90% 9.75%
Number of salaries quoted 11,692 13,807 13,752
Median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £53,730
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +7.02% +2.34%
10th Percentile £32,651 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 9 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +47 5,460 £70,000 +3.70% 890
London +29 3,573 £77,500 +6.90% 510
UK excluding London +67 2,119 £55,000 -4.35% 410
South East +38 629 £57,500 -4.17% 109
North of England +84 583 £55,000 - 133
Work from Home +17 508 £65,000 -7.14% 68
North West +74 329 £57,500 -4.17% 87
South West +62 279 £50,250 -12.61% 30
Yorkshire +84 247 £55,000 - 32
Midlands +68 208 £55,000 -4.35% 52
Scotland +59 184 £48,280 -12.22% 16
East of England +9 157 £56,250 -6.25% 55
West Midlands +78 138 £55,000 - 43
Wales +19 80 £45,000 -9.13% 12
East Midlands +38 66 £50,000 -16.67% 9
Northern Ireland +5 8 £45,000 -10.00% 3
North East -3 7 £50,000 - 14

For the 6 months to 9 April 2020, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 4,670 (80.92%) Docker
2 3,205 (55.54%) DevOps
3 3,108 (53.86%) AWS
4 2,612 (45.26%) Agile Software Development
5 2,194 (38.02%) Java
6 2,161 (37.45%) Python
7 2,090 (36.22%) Azure
8 1,785 (30.93%) Microservices
9 1,760 (30.50%) Terraform
10 1,676 (29.04%) Linux
11 1,533 (26.56%) Ansible
12 1,398 (24.22%) JavaScript
13 1,315 (22.79%) Software Engineering
14 1,306 (22.63%) GCP
15 1,289 (22.34%) Jenkins
16 1,164 (20.17%) Finance
17 1,123 (19.46%) Git (software)
18 1,100 (19.06%) SQL
19 1,033 (17.90%) TDD
20 897 (15.54%) C#
21 874 (15.14%) Node.js
22 860 (14.90%) React
23 852 (14.76%) .NET
24 844 (14.62%) Puppet
25 804 (13.93%) Scrum
26 798 (13.83%) NoSQL
27 773 (13.39%) Continuous Integration
28 707 (12.25%) Bash Shell
29 690 (11.96%) AngularJS
30 685 (11.87%) Fintech

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 283 (4.90%) Elasticsearch
2 267 (4.63%) Apache Spark
3 205 (3.55%) Confluence
4 188 (3.26%) Apache
5 148 (2.56%) OpenStack
6 136 (2.36%) Tomcat
7 93 (1.61%) Cloud Foundry
8 68 (1.18%) nginx
9 42 (0.73%) WebSphere
10 39 (0.68%) Apache Airflow
10 39 (0.68%) IIS
11 37 (0.64%) SharePoint
12 31 (0.54%) CMS
13 29 (0.50%) JBoss
14 22 (0.38%) WebLogic
15 20 (0.35%) WordPress
16 11 (0.19%) Jupyter
17 10 (0.17%) Hyperledger
17 10 (0.17%) Skype for Business
18 9 (0.16%) Ethereum
Applications
1 6 (0.10%) Chatbot
2 5 (0.087%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (0.069%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 3 (0.052%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.052%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.035%) HipChat
6 1 (0.017%) Microsoft Excel
6 1 (0.017%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 25 (0.43%) Magento
2 18 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
3 15 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
4 4 (0.069%) Sentinel
5 3 (0.052%) Tesseract
6 2 (0.035%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.035%) R3 Corda
7 1 (0.017%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.017%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.017%) OpenCart
7 1 (0.017%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.017%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.017%) Ripple
Cloud Services
1 3,108 (53.86%) AWS
2 2,090 (36.22%) Azure
3 1,306 (22.63%) GCP
4 486 (8.42%) OpenShift
5 411 (7.12%) Serverless
6 398 (6.90%) SaaS
7 363 (6.29%) AWS CloudFormation
8 319 (5.53%) GitHub
9 280 (4.85%) AWS Lambda
10 276 (4.78%) PaaS
11 219 (3.79%) Amazon EC2
11 219 (3.79%) Amazon ECS
12 196 (3.40%) Amazon S3
13 178 (3.08%) IaaS
14 160 (2.77%) Cloud Computing
15 126 (2.18%) Amazon EKS
16 105 (1.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 95 (1.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 68 (1.18%) Amazon Kinesis
18 68 (1.18%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 183 (3.17%) Firewall
2 104 (1.80%) Internet
3 103 (1.78%) DNS
4 99 (1.72%) TCP/IP
5 95 (1.65%) VPN
6 81 (1.40%) HTTP
7 53 (0.92%) WAN
8 47 (0.81%) Network Security
9 46 (0.80%) LAN
10 33 (0.57%) DHCP
11 29 (0.50%) SSL
12 24 (0.42%) MPLS
13 23 (0.40%) DMZ
14 22 (0.38%) Software-Defined Networking
15 19 (0.33%) VLAN
16 16 (0.28%) BGP
16 16 (0.28%) OSPF
17 15 (0.26%) SMTP
18 14 (0.24%) Skype
19 13 (0.23%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 798 (13.83%) NoSQL
2 502 (8.70%) PostgreSQL
3 457 (7.92%) SQL Server
4 427 (7.40%) MySQL
5 384 (6.65%) MongoDB
6 357 (6.19%) Big Data
7 234 (4.05%) Relational Database
8 209 (3.62%) Hadoop
9 198 (3.43%) Redis
10 154 (2.67%) Amazon RDS
11 150 (2.60%) Apache Cassandra
12 146 (2.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 143 (2.48%) Amazon Redshift
14 85 (1.47%) Data Warehouse
15 78 (1.35%) Neo4j
16 76 (1.32%) Blockchain
17 68 (1.18%) RDBMS
18 62 (1.07%) Cosmos DB
19 56 (0.97%) Amazon Athena
20 48 (0.83%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 1,289 (22.34%) Jenkins
2 1,123 (19.46%) Git (software)
3 413 (7.16%) JIRA
4 281 (4.87%) GitLab
5 247 (4.28%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 204 (3.53%) Maven
7 201 (3.48%) Selenium
8 195 (3.38%) TeamCity
9 146 (2.53%) Bitbucket
10 142 (2.46%) Artifactory
11 124 (2.15%) Cucumber
11 124 (2.15%) Octopus Deploy
12 123 (2.13%) JUnit
13 112 (1.94%) CircleCI
14 107 (1.85%) Vagrant
15 101 (1.75%) Sonatype Nexus
16 100 (1.73%) SonarQube
17 67 (1.16%) Gradle
18 63 (1.09%) webpack
19 60 (1.04%) Visual Studio
General
1 1,164 (20.17%) Finance
2 365 (6.32%) Banking
3 262 (4.54%) Retail
4 194 (3.36%) Public Sector
5 166 (2.88%) Games
6 137 (2.37%) Front Office
7 87 (1.51%) Marketing
8 72 (1.25%) Law
9 63 (1.09%) Automotive
10 60 (1.04%) Manufacturing
11 44 (0.76%) Telecoms
12 40 (0.69%) Investment Banking
13 38 (0.66%) Legal
14 34 (0.59%) Advertising
15 32 (0.55%) Financial Institution
16 26 (0.45%) Billing
16 26 (0.45%) Electronics
17 17 (0.29%) Back Office
18 16 (0.28%) Publishing
19 10 (0.17%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 1,743 (30.20%) Developer
2 1,514 (26.23%) DevOps Engineer
3 623 (10.80%) Java Developer
4 563 (9.76%) Software Engineer
5 472 (8.18%) Senior Developer
6 430 (7.45%) AWS Engineer
7 330 (5.72%) Java Engineer
8 305 (5.29%) Architect
9 286 (4.96%) Cloud Engineer
10 280 (4.85%) AWS DevOps
11 275 (4.77%) Senior DevOps
12 252 (4.37%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 251 (4.35%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 247 (4.28%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 241 (4.18%) Platform Engineer
16 238 (4.12%) Java Software Engineer
17 236 (4.09%) .NET Developer
18 229 (3.97%) Senior Java Developer
19 220 (3.81%) Software Developer
20 208 (3.60%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 874 (15.14%) Node.js
2 860 (14.90%) React
3 852 (14.76%) .NET
4 690 (11.96%) AngularJS
5 650 (11.26%) Spring
6 624 (10.81%) Kafka
7 578 (10.02%) Web Services
8 506 (8.77%) RESTful
9 493 (8.54%) REST
10 492 (8.53%) HTML
11 440 (7.62%) CSS
12 431 (7.47%) Spring Boot
13 401 (6.95%) .NET Core
14 226 (3.92%) ASP.NET
15 224 (3.88%) HTML5
16 207 (3.59%) RabbitMQ
17 206 (3.57%) Redux
18 196 (3.40%) Elastic Stack
19 177 (3.07%) JSON
20 162 (2.81%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 419 (7.26%) Greenfield Project
2 352 (6.10%) Public Cloud
3 255 (4.42%) Cloud Native
4 174 (3.02%) Analytical Skills
5 166 (2.88%) User Experience
6 147 (2.55%) Hybrid Cloud
7 134 (2.32%) Hedge funds
8 131 (2.27%) Data Structures
9 112 (1.94%) Data Centre
10 110 (1.91%) Algorithms
11 103 (1.78%) Blog
11 103 (1.78%) Mobile App
12 93 (1.61%) Linux Command Line
13 90 (1.56%) Enterprise Software
14 86 (1.49%) Self-Motivation
15 77 (1.33%) Derivative
16 76 (1.32%) Fixed Income
17 68 (1.18%) Equity Derivative
18 64 (1.11%) Equities
19 58 (1.01%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,676 (29.04%) Linux
2 528 (9.15%) Windows
3 344 (5.96%) Unix
4 174 (3.02%) CentOS
5 141 (2.44%) Windows Server
6 136 (2.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 119 (2.06%) Mac OS X
8 104 (1.80%) Android
9 99 (1.72%) Apple iOS
10 85 (1.47%) Ubuntu
11 54 (0.94%) Windows Server 2012
12 41 (0.71%) Windows Server 2016
13 39 (0.68%) Debian
14 25 (0.43%) CoreOS
15 21 (0.36%) VMS
16 16 (0.28%) Fedora
17 9 (0.16%) Kali Linux
18 8 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
19 7 (0.12%) SUSE
20 6 (0.10%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,205 (55.54%) DevOps
2 2,612 (45.26%) Agile Software Development
3 1,785 (30.93%) Microservices
4 1,315 (22.79%) Software Engineering
5 1,033 (17.90%) TDD
6 804 (13.93%) Scrum
7 773 (13.39%) Continuous Integration
8 685 (11.87%) Fintech
9 678 (11.75%) Test Automation
10 677 (11.73%) Configuration Management
11 660 (11.44%) Infrastructure as Code
12 589 (10.21%) Open Source
13 482 (8.35%) Mentoring
14 470 (8.14%) BDD
15 434 (7.52%) Problem-Solving
16 391 (6.78%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 386 (6.69%) Machine Learning
18 365 (6.32%) Continuous Delivery
19 353 (6.12%) Migration
20 346 (6.00%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 2,194 (38.02%) Java
2 2,161 (37.45%) Python
3 1,398 (24.22%) JavaScript
4 1,100 (19.06%) SQL
5 897 (15.54%) C#
6 707 (12.25%) Bash Shell
7 681 (11.80%) Go
8 514 (8.91%) Ruby
9 504 (8.73%) Java 8
10 483 (8.37%) PowerShell
11 383 (6.64%) Scala
12 306 (5.30%) TypeScript
13 272 (4.71%) C++
14 259 (4.49%) Kotlin
15 240 (4.16%) PHP
16 159 (2.76%) Perl
17 116 (2.01%) C
18 109 (1.89%) Shell Script
19 107 (1.85%) R
20 102 (1.77%) ES6
Qualifications
1 386 (6.69%) Degree
2 188 (3.26%) Computer Science Degree
3 151 (2.62%) Security Cleared
4 81 (1.40%) SC Cleared
5 74 (1.28%) Cisco Certification
6 61 (1.06%) AWS Certification
7 60 (1.04%) DV Cleared
8 54 (0.94%) Microsoft Certification
9 49 (0.85%) CCNA
10 39 (0.68%) MCSE
11 38 (0.66%) RHCE
12 36 (0.62%) CISSP
13 35 (0.61%) CCNP
14 34 (0.59%) PhD
15 28 (0.49%) SANS
16 27 (0.47%) GIAC
17 24 (0.42%) SSCP
18 23 (0.40%) CompTIA Security+
19 22 (0.38%) Linux+ Certification
19 22 (0.38%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 254 (4.40%) QA
2 25 (0.43%) SLA
3 21 (0.36%) GDPR
4 17 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 15 (0.26%) Data Quality
6 8 (0.14%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.10%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 4 (0.069%) MiFID
9 2 (0.035%) Cyber Essentials
9 2 (0.035%) HIPAA
9 2 (0.035%) NIST
10 1 (0.017%) PMO
10 1 (0.017%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 4,670 (80.92%) Docker
2 149 (2.58%) VMware Infrastructure
3 97 (1.68%) Active Directory
4 80 (1.39%) VirtualBox
5 73 (1.26%) Hyper-V
6 63 (1.09%) Virtual Machines
7 42 (0.73%) vSphere
8 29 (0.50%) VMware ESXi
9 25 (0.43%) KVM
10 23 (0.40%) NFS
11 19 (0.33%) LXC
12 18 (0.31%) Xen
13 17 (0.29%) oVirt
14 16 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 16 (0.28%) Samba
15 10 (0.17%) RHEV
16 9 (0.16%) Ceph
16 9 (0.16%) HDFS
17 7 (0.12%) Kamailio
17 7 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 1,760 (30.50%) Terraform
2 1,533 (26.56%) Ansible
3 844 (14.62%) Puppet
4 652 (11.30%) Opscode Chef
5 223 (3.86%) Docker Swarm
6 214 (3.71%) Prometheus
7 204 (3.53%) Packer
8 182 (3.15%) Grafana
9 91 (1.58%) Nagios
10 85 (1.47%) Consul
10 85 (1.47%) Istio
10 85 (1.47%) Rancher
10 85 (1.47%) Salt
11 75 (1.30%) Mesos
12 74 (1.28%) Kibana
13 60 (1.04%) ZABBIX
14 46 (0.80%) Marathon
15 41 (0.71%) Graphite
16 37 (0.64%) logstash
17 23 (0.40%) Icinga
Vendors
1 672 (11.64%) Google
2 404 (7.00%) Microsoft
3 230 (3.99%) Red Hat
4 223 (3.86%) Oracle
5 221 (3.83%) VMware
6 123 (2.13%) IBM
7 110 (1.91%) Atlassian
8 91 (1.58%) Splunk
9 90 (1.56%) Cloudera
10 64 (1.11%) Hortonworks
11 53 (0.92%) Cisco
12 50 (0.87%) SaltStack
13 39 (0.68%) ServiceNow
14 36 (0.62%) Talend
15 33 (0.57%) New Relic
16 32 (0.55%) Informatica
17 31 (0.54%) AppDynamics
17 31 (0.54%) Dynatrace
17 31 (0.54%) Tableau
18 25 (0.43%) NetApp