Period
to 5 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 5 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
5 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 29 60 132
Rank change year-on-year +31 +72 +170
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 4,325 6,010 4,244
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 7.66% 4.45% 2.61%
As % of the Systems Management category 46.19% 34.73% 23.51%
Number of salaries quoted 4,426 5,266 3,680
Median annual salary £65,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -7.14% +7.69% -
10th Percentile £40,000 £42,500 £40,804
90th Percentile £97,500 £100,000 £93,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 9,364 17,305 18,049
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.58% 12.81% 11.09%
Number of salaries quoted 7,808 13,214 14,237
Median annual salary £60,000 £58,118 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.24% +5.67% +4.76%
10th Percentile £37,500 £32,000 £32,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £91,250 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.01% +10.00%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 5 December 2020.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 5 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +30 3,985 £65,000 -7.14% 988
London +17 2,327 £77,500 - 503
UK excluding London +66 1,851 £55,000 - 541
Work from Home +17 829 £60,000 -14.29% 228
South East +67 525 £57,500 -4.17% 111
North of England +59 508 £55,000 - 201
North West +81 253 £57,500 -4.17% 106
South West +36 253 £52,500 -4.55% 53
Midlands +100 229 £57,500 +9.52% 72
Yorkshire +26 224 £55,000 +4.76% 74
West Midlands +115 185 £57,500 +5.50% 48
Scotland +23 159 £50,000 +5.04% 40
Wales +68 85 £47,500 +5.56% 17
East of England +28 74 £60,000 +9.09% 40
East Midlands +58 44 £47,500 -5.00% 24
North East +25 30 £55,000 +10.00% 21
Northern Ireland +22 22 £53,750 +19.44% 7
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 5 December 2020, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 3,211 (74.24%) Docker
2 2,537 (58.66%) DevOps
3 2,303 (53.25%) AWS
4 1,776 (41.06%) Agile Software Development
5 1,684 (38.94%) Azure
6 1,652 (38.20%) Python
7 1,621 (37.48%) Terraform
8 1,427 (32.99%) Java
9 1,340 (30.98%) Microservices
10 1,150 (26.59%) Linux
11 1,018 (23.54%) JavaScript
12 981 (22.68%) Ansible
13 947 (21.90%) Jenkins
14 944 (21.83%) GCP
15 883 (20.42%) Finance
16 866 (20.02%) SQL
17 861 (19.91%) Software Engineering
18 766 (17.71%) Git (software)
19 711 (16.44%) Puppet
20 708 (16.37%) C#
21 657 (15.19%) Scrum
22 635 (14.68%) TDD
23 623 (14.40%) .NET
24 617 (14.27%) Node.js
25 587 (13.57%) Infrastructure as Code
26 569 (13.16%) Continuous Integration
27 567 (13.11%) Go
27 567 (13.11%) React
28 542 (12.53%) Kafka
29 518 (11.98%) Opscode Chef

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 276 (6.38%) Elasticsearch
2 213 (4.92%) Apache
3 200 (4.62%) Apache Spark
4 101 (2.34%) Confluence
5 84 (1.94%) Cloud Foundry
6 54 (1.25%) Tomcat
7 47 (1.09%) nginx
8 46 (1.06%) Apache Airflow
9 39 (0.90%) WebSphere
10 34 (0.79%) OpenStack
11 24 (0.55%) IIS
11 24 (0.55%) WebLogic
12 23 (0.53%) CMS
13 20 (0.46%) JBoss
14 12 (0.28%) ColdFusion
14 12 (0.28%) SharePoint
14 12 (0.28%) Tornado
15 11 (0.25%) Sitecore CMS
16 10 (0.23%) NServiceBus
17 8 (0.18%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 11 (0.25%) Chatbot
2 6 (0.14%) Sketch
3 3 (0.069%) InVision
4 1 (0.023%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 22 (0.51%) R3 Corda
1 22 (0.51%) SAP Hybris
2 17 (0.39%) Distributed Ledger
3 15 (0.35%) Oracle Applications
4 12 (0.28%) Sentinel
5 8 (0.18%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 5 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
6 5 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
6 5 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
7 3 (0.069%) Magento
8 2 (0.046%) Oracle BPM
8 2 (0.046%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 2,303 (53.25%) AWS
2 1,684 (38.94%) Azure
3 944 (21.83%) GCP
4 365 (8.44%) AWS CloudFormation
5 347 (8.02%) Serverless
6 315 (7.28%) SaaS
7 272 (6.29%) PaaS
8 246 (5.69%) Amazon EKS
9 234 (5.41%) OpenShift
10 204 (4.72%) AWS Lambda
11 196 (4.53%) GitHub
12 191 (4.42%) Amazon ECS
13 167 (3.86%) IaaS
14 135 (3.12%) Datadog
15 130 (3.01%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 112 (2.59%) Amazon S3
17 106 (2.45%) Amazon EC2
18 98 (2.27%) Apigee
19 71 (1.64%) Cloud Computing
20 66 (1.53%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 133 (3.08%) Firewall
2 82 (1.90%) DNS
3 78 (1.80%) HTTP
4 70 (1.62%) TCP/IP
5 65 (1.50%) VPN
6 48 (1.11%) Network Security
7 39 (0.90%) Internet
8 30 (0.69%) HTTPS
9 25 (0.58%) WAN
10 20 (0.46%) LAN
11 17 (0.39%) DHCP
11 17 (0.39%) Kerberos
12 15 (0.35%) SSL
13 13 (0.30%) Intrusion Detection
14 12 (0.28%) Software-Defined Networking
15 11 (0.25%) SAN
15 11 (0.25%) SSH
16 8 (0.18%) Multicast
16 8 (0.18%) NetScaler
17 7 (0.16%) CTI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 503 (11.63%) PostgreSQL
2 466 (10.77%) NoSQL
3 431 (9.97%) SQL Server
4 334 (7.72%) MongoDB
5 318 (7.35%) MySQL
6 225 (5.20%) Big Data
7 190 (4.39%) Redis
8 131 (3.03%) Hadoop
8 131 (3.03%) Relational Database
9 130 (3.01%) Apache Cassandra
10 98 (2.27%) Azure SQL Database
11 86 (1.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 80 (1.85%) Amazon Redshift
13 77 (1.78%) Data Warehouse
14 58 (1.34%) Blockchain
15 54 (1.25%) Amazon RDS
16 53 (1.23%) Cosmos DB
17 48 (1.11%) Data Lake
18 42 (0.97%) MariaDB
19 40 (0.92%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 947 (21.90%) Jenkins
2 766 (17.71%) Git (software)
3 343 (7.93%) GitLab
4 233 (5.39%) JIRA
5 161 (3.72%) TeamCity
6 156 (3.61%) Selenium
7 119 (2.75%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 118 (2.73%) Artifactory
9 104 (2.40%) Octopus Deploy
10 92 (2.13%) Bitbucket
11 79 (1.83%) CircleCI
12 78 (1.80%) SonarQube
13 76 (1.76%) Maven
14 74 (1.71%) Team Foundation Server
15 72 (1.66%) Cucumber
16 68 (1.57%) JUnit
17 63 (1.46%) Gradle
18 57 (1.32%) IntelliJ
19 53 (1.23%) Sonatype Nexus
20 45 (1.04%) Travis CI
General
1 883 (20.42%) Finance
2 281 (6.50%) Banking
3 176 (4.07%) Public Sector
4 156 (3.61%) Games
5 120 (2.77%) Retail
6 82 (1.90%) Law
7 68 (1.57%) Marketing
8 66 (1.53%) Front Office
9 59 (1.36%) Telecoms
10 58 (1.34%) Back Office
11 35 (0.81%) Advertising
12 25 (0.58%) Electronics
12 25 (0.58%) Financial Institution
12 25 (0.58%) Manufacturing
13 15 (0.35%) Online Betting
14 14 (0.32%) Investment Banking
15 10 (0.23%) Private Banking
16 9 (0.21%) Billing
16 9 (0.21%) Legal
17 7 (0.16%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,316 (30.43%) Developer
2 1,312 (30.34%) DevOps Engineer
3 543 (12.55%) AWS Engineer
4 425 (9.83%) AWS DevOps
5 397 (9.18%) Java Developer
6 394 (9.11%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 386 (8.92%) Senior Developer
8 349 (8.07%) Software Engineer
9 330 (7.63%) Senior DevOps
10 311 (7.19%) Architect
11 299 (6.91%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 213 (4.92%) Azure Engineer
13 208 (4.81%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 197 (4.55%) Cloud Engineer
15 179 (4.14%) Java Engineer
16 168 (3.88%) Python Developer
17 155 (3.58%) Platform Engineer
18 151 (3.49%) Site Reliability Engineer
18 151 (3.49%) Software Developer
19 147 (3.40%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 623 (14.40%) .NET
2 617 (14.27%) Node.js
3 567 (13.11%) React
4 542 (12.53%) Kafka
5 451 (10.43%) AngularJS
6 441 (10.20%) Spring
7 373 (8.62%) Spring Boot
8 355 (8.21%) .NET Core
9 334 (7.72%) Web Services
10 303 (7.01%) REST
11 266 (6.15%) RabbitMQ
12 245 (5.66%) CSS
13 236 (5.46%) HTML
14 220 (5.09%) RESTful
15 203 (4.69%) Vue.js
16 133 (3.08%) OAuth
17 129 (2.98%) Redux
18 124 (2.87%) .NET Framework
18 124 (2.87%) Elastic Stack
19 123 (2.84%) gRPC
Miscellaneous
1 262 (6.06%) Greenfield Project
2 261 (6.03%) Cloud Native
3 196 (4.53%) Public Cloud
4 146 (3.38%) Hedge funds
5 123 (2.84%) Analytical Skills
6 120 (2.77%) Algorithms
7 90 (2.08%) Mobile App
8 84 (1.94%) Data Structures
9 81 (1.87%) Data Centre
10 79 (1.83%) User Experience
11 65 (1.50%) Hybrid Cloud
12 60 (1.39%) Enterprise Software
13 59 (1.36%) Linux Command Line
14 58 (1.34%) Self-Motivation
15 56 (1.29%) Equities
16 53 (1.23%) Blog
17 43 (0.99%) Social Network
18 41 (0.95%) Enterprise Cloud
19 27 (0.62%) Virtual Team
20 25 (0.58%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 1,150 (26.59%) Linux
2 336 (7.77%) Windows
3 157 (3.63%) Unix
4 97 (2.24%) CentOS
5 96 (2.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 80 (1.85%) Windows Server
7 66 (1.53%) Ubuntu
8 42 (0.97%) Android
9 28 (0.65%) Apple iOS
10 26 (0.60%) VMS
11 25 (0.58%) Debian
12 24 (0.55%) CoreOS
13 16 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
13 16 (0.37%) zOS
14 12 (0.28%) Mesosphere
15 8 (0.18%) Windows Server 2016
16 5 (0.12%) Mac OS X
17 3 (0.069%) Solaris
18 2 (0.046%) AIX
18 2 (0.046%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,537 (58.66%) DevOps
2 1,776 (41.06%) Agile Software Development
3 1,340 (30.98%) Microservices
4 861 (19.91%) Software Engineering
5 657 (15.19%) Scrum
6 635 (14.68%) TDD
7 587 (13.57%) Infrastructure as Code
8 569 (13.16%) Continuous Integration
9 501 (11.58%) Fintech
10 422 (9.76%) Configuration Management
11 414 (9.57%) Test Automation
12 399 (9.23%) Mentoring
13 327 (7.56%) Problem-Solving
14 322 (7.45%) Machine Learning
15 315 (7.28%) Migration
16 291 (6.73%) Deployment Automation
17 287 (6.64%) Open Source
18 278 (6.43%) Site Reliability Engineering
19 273 (6.31%) Computer Science
20 256 (5.92%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,652 (38.20%) Python
2 1,427 (32.99%) Java
3 1,018 (23.54%) JavaScript
4 866 (20.02%) SQL
5 708 (16.37%) C#
6 567 (13.11%) Go
7 444 (10.27%) Bash Shell
8 336 (7.77%) PowerShell
9 328 (7.58%) Ruby
10 302 (6.98%) TypeScript
11 251 (5.80%) Scala
12 245 (5.66%) PHP
13 189 (4.37%) Java 8
14 182 (4.21%) C++
15 167 (3.86%) Kotlin
16 80 (1.85%) Shell Script
17 67 (1.55%) Groovy
18 61 (1.41%) C
19 57 (1.32%) Perl
20 50 (1.16%) ES6
Qualifications
1 329 (7.61%) Degree
2 194 (4.49%) Security Cleared
3 163 (3.77%) SC Cleared
4 133 (3.08%) Computer Science Degree
5 84 (1.94%) AWS Certification
6 49 (1.13%) Cisco Certification
7 44 (1.02%) Sun Certification
8 32 (0.74%) CCNA
9 24 (0.55%) ISTQB
10 23 (0.53%) PhD
11 18 (0.42%) DV Cleared
11 18 (0.42%) ISEB
12 17 (0.39%) CCNP
12 17 (0.39%) RHCE
13 16 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
14 13 (0.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 12 (0.28%) Master's Degree
15 12 (0.28%) OSCE
15 12 (0.28%) OSCP
16 8 (0.18%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 119 (2.75%) QA
2 43 (0.99%) NIST
3 33 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 26 (0.60%) SLA
5 21 (0.49%) GDPR
6 18 (0.42%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.14%) Data Quality
7 6 (0.14%) ISO 22301
7 6 (0.14%) PMO
8 5 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
8 5 (0.12%) EMIR
8 5 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 5 (0.12%) MiFID
8 5 (0.12%) WCAG
9 4 (0.092%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.046%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.046%) IEC 62304
10 2 (0.046%) ISO 13485
10 2 (0.046%) NCSC
System Software
1 3,211 (74.24%) Docker
2 108 (2.50%) Active Directory
3 101 (2.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 51 (1.18%) vSphere
5 35 (0.81%) Virtual Machines
6 24 (0.55%) VirtualBox
7 18 (0.42%) Hyper-V
8 17 (0.39%) XenApp
9 14 (0.32%) XenDesktop
10 12 (0.28%) GlusterFS
10 12 (0.28%) Xen
11 10 (0.23%) HDFS
11 10 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
12 8 (0.18%) Firmware
13 7 (0.16%) Ceph
13 7 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
14 6 (0.14%) Gluster
14 6 (0.14%) KVM
14 6 (0.14%) LXC
14 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 1,621 (37.48%) Terraform
2 981 (22.68%) Ansible
3 711 (16.44%) Puppet
4 518 (11.98%) Opscode Chef
5 205 (4.74%) Grafana
5 205 (4.74%) Prometheus
6 87 (2.01%) Istio
7 55 (1.27%) Nagios
8 48 (1.11%) ZABBIX
9 44 (1.02%) Docker Swarm
10 41 (0.95%) Consul
10 41 (0.95%) Kibana
11 34 (0.79%) Packer
11 34 (0.79%) Rancher
12 32 (0.74%) Mesos
13 31 (0.72%) logstash
13 31 (0.72%) Single Sign-On
14 20 (0.46%) Marathon
15 17 (0.39%) Opsview
15 17 (0.39%) Salt
Vendors
1 473 (10.94%) Google
2 308 (7.12%) Microsoft
3 194 (4.49%) VMware
4 181 (4.18%) Oracle
5 153 (3.54%) Red Hat
6 126 (2.91%) Splunk
7 103 (2.38%) New Relic
8 82 (1.90%) IBM
9 79 (1.83%) SAP
10 72 (1.66%) SaltStack
11 45 (1.04%) Atlassian
11 45 (1.04%) Cisco
12 39 (0.90%) Dynatrace
13 33 (0.76%) Databricks
13 33 (0.76%) ServiceNow
14 25 (0.58%) Adobe
14 25 (0.58%) AppDynamics
15 24 (0.55%) Salesforce.com
16 23 (0.53%) hybris
17 18 (0.42%) Facebook