Period
to 30 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 30 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
30 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 29 61 155
Rank change year-on-year +32 +94 +180
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 3,522 6,024 3,630
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 7.31% 4.32% 2.21%
As % of the Systems Management category 44.91% 33.05% 21.05%
Number of salaries quoted 3,478 5,225 3,167
Median annual salary £66,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -5.71% +7.69% -3.70%
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £40,804
90th Percentile £105,000 £100,000 £93,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 7,842 18,229 17,241
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.27% 13.08% 10.49%
Number of salaries quoted 6,430 13,715 13,742
Median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%
10th Percentile £36,750 £32,250 £31,944
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 30 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 30 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +29 3,314 £67,500 -3.57% 840
London +17 2,059 £77,500 +3.33% 439
UK excluding London +59 1,388 £55,000 - 453
Work from Home +20 516 £62,500 -15.25% 163
South East +66 413 £57,500 -4.17% 114
North of England +95 385 £55,000 - 149
North West +90 202 £55,000 -8.33% 99
South West +17 178 £52,500 -6.35% 48
Yorkshire +68 159 £55,000 +4.76% 34
Midlands +84 151 £57,500 +9.52% 57
West Midlands +104 129 £60,000 +9.09% 42
Scotland +13 84 £54,750 -0.45% 37
Wales +71 83 £47,000 +4.44% 13
East of England +51 80 £51,250 -6.82% 31
North East +24 23 £50,000 +17.65% 16
East Midlands +32 22 £47,500 -5.00% 15
Northern Ireland -8 17 £55,000 +22.22% 4

For the 6 months to 30 September 2020, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 2,583 (73.34%) Docker
2 2,017 (57.27%) DevOps
3 1,870 (53.09%) AWS
4 1,434 (40.72%) Python
5 1,403 (39.84%) Azure
6 1,318 (37.42%) Agile Software Development
7 1,182 (33.56%) Java
8 1,151 (32.68%) Terraform
9 1,092 (31.01%) Microservices
10 869 (24.67%) Linux
11 841 (23.88%) JavaScript
12 838 (23.79%) Jenkins
13 825 (23.42%) GCP
14 814 (23.11%) Finance
15 793 (22.52%) Ansible
16 681 (19.34%) Software Engineering
17 667 (18.94%) SQL
18 587 (16.67%) Git (software)
19 538 (15.28%) C#
20 516 (14.65%) React
21 496 (14.08%) .NET
22 483 (13.71%) Puppet
23 480 (13.63%) Node.js
24 448 (12.72%) SQL Server
25 447 (12.69%) Google
26 444 (12.61%) Fintech
27 439 (12.46%) Infrastructure as Code
28 433 (12.29%) TDD
29 428 (12.15%) Go
30 416 (11.81%) NoSQL

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 246 (6.98%) Apache
2 227 (6.45%) Elasticsearch
3 181 (5.14%) Apache Spark
4 116 (3.29%) Confluence
5 69 (1.96%) Cloud Foundry
6 51 (1.45%) OpenStack
7 46 (1.31%) Tomcat
8 32 (0.91%) Apache Airflow
8 32 (0.91%) WebSphere
9 30 (0.85%) nginx
10 23 (0.65%) SharePoint
11 21 (0.60%) IIS
12 16 (0.45%) WebLogic
13 13 (0.37%) JBoss
14 11 (0.31%) CMS
15 10 (0.28%) NServiceBus
16 9 (0.26%) SharePoint 2013
17 8 (0.23%) Sitecore CMS
18 7 (0.20%) Ethereum
18 7 (0.20%) Jupyter
Applications
1 14 (0.40%) Chatbot
2 3 (0.085%) Sketch
3 1 (0.028%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 19 (0.54%) Distributed Ledger
1 19 (0.54%) R3 Corda
2 16 (0.45%) SAP Hybris
3 11 (0.31%) Sentinel
4 9 (0.26%) Oracle Applications
5 8 (0.23%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 7 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.057%) Magento
7 2 (0.057%) Maximo
7 2 (0.057%) Oracle BPM
7 2 (0.057%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.057%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.057%) Remedy ITSM
7 2 (0.057%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 1 (0.028%) OpenCart
Cloud Services
1 1,870 (53.09%) AWS
2 1,403 (39.84%) Azure
3 825 (23.42%) GCP
4 403 (11.44%) Serverless
5 275 (7.81%) SaaS
6 245 (6.96%) AWS Lambda
7 242 (6.87%) AWS CloudFormation
8 238 (6.76%) OpenShift
9 198 (5.62%) Amazon ECS
10 196 (5.57%) PaaS
11 177 (5.03%) GitHub
12 116 (3.29%) Amazon EKS
13 114 (3.24%) IaaS
14 109 (3.09%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 109 (3.09%) Amazon EC2
15 101 (2.87%) Amazon S3
16 93 (2.64%) Apigee
17 82 (2.33%) Datadog
18 58 (1.65%) Cloud Computing
19 40 (1.14%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 126 (3.58%) Firewall
2 66 (1.87%) TCP/IP
3 59 (1.68%) DNS
4 54 (1.53%) VPN
5 50 (1.42%) HTTP
6 41 (1.16%) Internet
7 24 (0.68%) Network Security
8 22 (0.62%) HTTPS
9 19 (0.54%) WAN
10 18 (0.51%) Software-Defined Networking
11 15 (0.43%) LAN
12 14 (0.40%) Kerberos
12 14 (0.40%) SSL
13 12 (0.34%) SSH
14 10 (0.28%) Intrusion Detection
14 10 (0.28%) OSPF
14 10 (0.28%) Skype
15 9 (0.26%) CTI
16 8 (0.23%) BGP
16 8 (0.23%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 448 (12.72%) SQL Server
2 416 (11.81%) NoSQL
3 374 (10.62%) PostgreSQL
4 317 (9.00%) MySQL
5 257 (7.30%) MongoDB
6 233 (6.62%) Big Data
7 131 (3.72%) Redis
8 130 (3.69%) Hadoop
9 129 (3.66%) Amazon Redshift
10 118 (3.35%) Apache Cassandra
11 95 (2.70%) Data Warehouse
12 87 (2.47%) Relational Database
13 81 (2.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 56 (1.59%) Azure SQL Database
15 54 (1.53%) Amazon RDS
16 48 (1.36%) Blockchain
17 42 (1.19%) Data Lake
18 37 (1.05%) Cosmos DB
18 37 (1.05%) Neo4j
19 35 (0.99%) Flink
Development Applications
1 838 (23.79%) Jenkins
2 587 (16.67%) Git (software)
3 253 (7.18%) GitLab
4 219 (6.22%) JIRA
5 145 (4.12%) TeamCity
6 135 (3.83%) Artifactory
7 133 (3.78%) Selenium
8 115 (3.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 96 (2.73%) Octopus Deploy
10 90 (2.56%) JUnit
11 83 (2.36%) Cucumber
12 75 (2.13%) CircleCI
13 72 (2.04%) Bitbucket
14 58 (1.65%) Maven
15 56 (1.59%) Gradle
16 54 (1.53%) Vagrant
17 50 (1.42%) Sonatype Nexus
17 50 (1.42%) Team Foundation Server
18 49 (1.39%) SonarQube
19 42 (1.19%) Mocha
General
1 814 (23.11%) Finance
2 269 (7.64%) Banking
3 111 (3.15%) Games
4 110 (3.12%) Public Sector
5 91 (2.58%) Back Office
6 84 (2.39%) Retail
7 80 (2.27%) Law
8 50 (1.42%) Marketing
9 48 (1.36%) Front Office
10 40 (1.14%) Telecoms
11 35 (0.99%) Advertising
12 21 (0.60%) Legal
13 20 (0.57%) Financial Institution
13 20 (0.57%) Manufacturing
14 18 (0.51%) Electronics
15 13 (0.37%) Investment Banking
16 8 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
17 6 (0.17%) Aerospace
17 6 (0.17%) Billing
17 6 (0.17%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,135 (32.23%) Developer
2 963 (27.34%) DevOps Engineer
3 347 (9.85%) Java Developer
4 337 (9.57%) AWS Engineer
5 286 (8.12%) Senior Developer
6 260 (7.38%) Software Engineer
7 247 (7.01%) Architect
8 241 (6.84%) AWS DevOps
9 237 (6.73%) Senior DevOps
10 217 (6.16%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 209 (5.93%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 187 (5.31%) Kubernetes Engineer
13 165 (4.68%) Azure Engineer
14 155 (4.40%) Java Engineer
15 151 (4.29%) Site Reliability Engineer
16 144 (4.09%) Cloud Engineer
17 140 (3.98%) Platform Engineer
18 127 (3.61%) Python Engineer
19 122 (3.46%) .NET Developer
20 121 (3.44%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 516 (14.65%) React
2 496 (14.08%) .NET
3 480 (13.63%) Node.js
4 376 (10.68%) Kafka
5 374 (10.62%) Web Services
6 363 (10.31%) AngularJS
7 301 (8.55%) Spring
8 286 (8.12%) REST
9 269 (7.64%) .NET Core
10 219 (6.22%) HTML
11 217 (6.16%) Spring Boot
12 216 (6.13%) CSS
13 186 (5.28%) RESTful
14 167 (4.74%) RabbitMQ
15 154 (4.37%) Redux
16 146 (4.15%) gRPC
16 146 (4.15%) Vue.js
17 132 (3.75%) OAuth
18 109 (3.09%) Elastic Stack
19 99 (2.81%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 211 (5.99%) Greenfield Project
2 206 (5.85%) Cloud Native
3 181 (5.14%) Hedge funds
4 175 (4.97%) Public Cloud
5 100 (2.84%) Analytical Skills
6 87 (2.47%) User Experience
7 83 (2.36%) Algorithms
8 74 (2.10%) Mobile App
9 68 (1.93%) Data Structures
10 59 (1.68%) Self-Motivation
11 58 (1.65%) Hybrid Cloud
12 57 (1.62%) Data Centre
13 53 (1.50%) Equities
14 44 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
15 42 (1.19%) Blog
16 37 (1.05%) Virtual Team
17 31 (0.88%) Linux Command Line
18 30 (0.85%) Social Network
19 25 (0.71%) Private Cloud
20 24 (0.68%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 869 (24.67%) Linux
2 272 (7.72%) Windows
3 121 (3.44%) Unix
4 84 (2.39%) CentOS
5 73 (2.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 60 (1.70%) Windows Server
7 44 (1.25%) Ubuntu
8 41 (1.16%) Android
9 32 (0.91%) VMS
10 28 (0.80%) Debian
11 26 (0.74%) Apple iOS
12 16 (0.45%) CoreOS
13 12 (0.34%) Mesosphere
14 8 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
15 5 (0.14%) Mac OS X
15 5 (0.14%) zOS
16 4 (0.11%) Mac OS
17 3 (0.085%) SUSE
17 3 (0.085%) Windows Server 2016
18 2 (0.057%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,017 (57.27%) DevOps
2 1,318 (37.42%) Agile Software Development
3 1,092 (31.01%) Microservices
4 681 (19.34%) Software Engineering
5 444 (12.61%) Fintech
6 439 (12.46%) Infrastructure as Code
7 433 (12.29%) TDD
8 401 (11.39%) Scrum
9 390 (11.07%) Test Automation
10 376 (10.68%) Continuous Integration
11 346 (9.82%) Mentoring
12 307 (8.72%) Configuration Management
13 306 (8.69%) Machine Learning
14 298 (8.46%) Site Reliability Engineering
15 275 (7.81%) Open Source
16 246 (6.98%) Asset Management
17 216 (6.13%) Analytics
18 215 (6.10%) Artificial Intelligence
19 214 (6.08%) Problem-Solving
20 191 (5.42%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,434 (40.72%) Python
2 1,182 (33.56%) Java
3 841 (23.88%) JavaScript
4 667 (18.94%) SQL
5 538 (15.28%) C#
6 428 (12.15%) Go
7 360 (10.22%) Bash Shell
8 299 (8.49%) PowerShell
9 250 (7.10%) Ruby
10 222 (6.30%) TypeScript
11 214 (6.08%) PHP
12 186 (5.28%) Scala
13 165 (4.68%) C++
14 161 (4.57%) Java 8
15 138 (3.92%) Kotlin
16 62 (1.76%) C
17 61 (1.73%) Groovy
17 61 (1.73%) Shell Script
18 57 (1.62%) Perl
19 48 (1.36%) ES6
Qualifications
1 272 (7.72%) Degree
2 137 (3.89%) Security Cleared
3 121 (3.44%) Computer Science Degree
4 102 (2.90%) SC Cleared
5 60 (1.70%) AWS Certification
6 52 (1.48%) Sun Certification
7 44 (1.25%) Cisco Certification
8 32 (0.91%) CCNA
9 19 (0.54%) PhD
10 17 (0.48%) RHCE
11 16 (0.45%) ISTQB
12 15 (0.43%) CCNP
12 15 (0.43%) DV Cleared
13 11 (0.31%) CCIE
13 11 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
14 10 (0.28%) ISEB
14 10 (0.28%) Master's Degree
15 9 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 8 (0.23%) CISSP
16 8 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 124 (3.52%) QA
2 26 (0.74%) SLA
3 25 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 22 (0.62%) NIST
5 9 (0.26%) PCI DSS
6 8 (0.23%) GDPR
7 6 (0.17%) PMO
8 4 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 3 (0.085%) Data Quality
9 3 (0.085%) ISO 22301
9 3 (0.085%) NIST 800
10 2 (0.057%) NCSC
10 2 (0.057%) WCAG
11 1 (0.028%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.028%) IEC 62304
11 1 (0.028%) ISO 13485
11 1 (0.028%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 2,583 (73.34%) Docker
2 78 (2.21%) VMware Infrastructure
3 58 (1.65%) Active Directory
4 50 (1.42%) vSphere
5 24 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
5 24 (0.68%) VirtualBox
6 21 (0.60%) Hyper-V
7 12 (0.34%) GlusterFS
7 12 (0.34%) Xen
8 10 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
9 9 (0.26%) HDFS
10 8 (0.23%) XenApp
10 8 (0.23%) XenDesktop
11 7 (0.20%) Gluster
11 7 (0.20%) KVM
12 6 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 6 (0.17%) Ceph
12 6 (0.17%) Firmware
13 5 (0.14%) iptables
13 5 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,151 (32.68%) Terraform
2 793 (22.52%) Ansible
3 483 (13.71%) Puppet
4 367 (10.42%) Opscode Chef
5 150 (4.26%) Grafana
6 133 (3.78%) Prometheus
7 61 (1.73%) Istio
8 44 (1.25%) Docker Swarm
9 43 (1.22%) Nagios
9 43 (1.22%) Packer
10 37 (1.05%) Kibana
10 37 (1.05%) logstash
10 37 (1.05%) ZABBIX
11 36 (1.02%) Consul
12 35 (0.99%) Mesos
13 30 (0.85%) Rancher
14 25 (0.71%) Single Sign-On
15 23 (0.65%) Marathon
16 19 (0.54%) Salt
17 18 (0.51%) Opsview
Vendors
1 447 (12.69%) Google
2 238 (6.76%) Microsoft
3 164 (4.66%) Oracle
4 140 (3.98%) VMware
5 114 (3.24%) Splunk
6 106 (3.01%) Red Hat
7 70 (1.99%) IBM
8 66 (1.87%) New Relic
9 51 (1.45%) SAP
10 34 (0.97%) ServiceNow
11 32 (0.91%) Atlassian
11 32 (0.91%) Cisco
12 31 (0.88%) AppDynamics
12 31 (0.88%) Dynatrace
12 31 (0.88%) SaltStack
13 20 (0.57%) Salesforce.com
14 19 (0.54%) Adobe
15 17 (0.48%) Databricks
15 17 (0.48%) hybris
16 16 (0.45%) Cloudera