Period
to 28 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 28 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
28 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 26 54 109
Rank change year-on-year +28 +55 +147
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 5,956 5,753 4,521
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 8.05% 4.68% 2.99%
As % of the Systems Management category 49.95% 36.67% 26.07%
Number of salaries quoted 6,017 5,101 4,022
Median annual salary £67,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.57% +3.70% +3.85%
10th Percentile £42,000 £42,500 £42,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £100,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% - -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 11,925 15,687 17,339
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.12% 12.76% 11.48%
Number of salaries quoted 9,672 12,203 13,701
Median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +9.24%
10th Percentile £37,500 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +7.53%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 28 February 2021.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 28 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +24 5,452 £70,000 - 1,320
London +18 3,127 £77,500 - 692
UK excluding London +61 2,523 £57,500 +4.55% 679
Work from Home +16 1,312 £62,500 -3.85% 302
South East +62 742 £60,000 - 184
North of England +47 699 £57,500 +4.55% 204
South West +44 404 £54,250 +8.50% 85
North West +51 337 £60,000 +9.09% 107
Yorkshire +46 335 £57,500 +4.55% 74
Midlands +63 271 £60,000 +9.09% 104
West Midlands +59 206 £60,000 +9.09% 68
Scotland +21 205 £50,000 +5.26% 27
East of England +34 110 £67,750 +23.18% 49
Wales +30 75 £47,500 +5.56% 12
East Midlands +35 64 £52,500 - 34
North East +33 27 £50,000 +2.56% 23
Northern Ireland +34 23 £52,500 -8.70% 15
Isle of Man - 2 £42,500 -

For the 6 months to 28 February 2021, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 4,533 (76.11%) Docker
2 3,408 (57.22%) DevOps
3 3,136 (52.65%) AWS
4 2,681 (45.01%) Agile Software Development
5 2,358 (39.59%) Terraform
6 2,296 (38.55%) Python
7 2,266 (38.05%) Azure
8 1,893 (31.78%) Java
9 1,793 (30.10%) Microservices
10 1,524 (25.59%) Linux
11 1,463 (24.56%) Software Engineering
12 1,397 (23.46%) JavaScript
13 1,325 (22.25%) Jenkins
14 1,298 (21.79%) GCP
15 1,294 (21.73%) Ansible
16 1,207 (20.27%) Finance
17 1,181 (19.83%) SQL
18 1,067 (17.91%) Git (software)
19 1,043 (17.51%) C#
20 953 (16.00%) Infrastructure as Code
21 935 (15.70%) TDD
22 889 (14.93%) Puppet
23 866 (14.54%) Scrum
24 852 (14.30%) Go
25 848 (14.24%) React
26 842 (14.14%) Node.js
27 807 (13.55%) .NET
28 761 (12.78%) Continuous Integration
29 751 (12.61%) Kafka
30 722 (12.12%) Fintech

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 308 (5.17%) Elasticsearch
2 260 (4.37%) Apache Spark
3 158 (2.65%) Apache
4 121 (2.03%) Confluence
5 101 (1.70%) Apache Airflow
6 63 (1.06%) Cloud Foundry
7 61 (1.02%) OpenStack
8 58 (0.97%) Tomcat
9 48 (0.81%) nginx
10 35 (0.59%) IIS
11 34 (0.57%) WebSphere
12 27 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 23 (0.39%) JBoss
14 22 (0.37%) CMS
15 21 (0.35%) ColdFusion
16 19 (0.32%) SharePoint
17 17 (0.29%) WebLogic
18 16 (0.27%) Apache Solr
19 10 (0.17%) Drupal
20 9 (0.15%) Tornado
Applications
1 20 (0.34%) InVision
1 20 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (0.22%) Sketch
3 4 (0.067%) Chatbot
3 4 (0.067%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.067%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.034%) Figma
4 2 (0.034%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.017%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.017%) Revit
5 1 (0.017%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 24 (0.40%) R3 Corda
2 21 (0.35%) Oracle Applications
3 15 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
4 11 (0.18%) Magento
5 10 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
6 6 (0.10%) Sentinel
7 5 (0.084%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 5 (0.084%) Oracle EBS
7 5 (0.084%) Payment Gateway
8 2 (0.034%) NetSuite
8 2 (0.034%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 1 (0.017%) Infor M3
9 1 (0.017%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 3,136 (52.65%) AWS
2 2,266 (38.05%) Azure
3 1,298 (21.79%) GCP
4 522 (8.76%) SaaS
5 501 (8.41%) AWS CloudFormation
6 469 (7.87%) Serverless
7 423 (7.10%) PaaS
8 365 (6.13%) Amazon EKS
9 286 (4.80%) IaaS
10 252 (4.23%) OpenShift
11 246 (4.13%) GitHub
12 243 (4.08%) Amazon ECS
13 216 (3.63%) AWS Lambda
14 169 (2.84%) Amazon S3
15 164 (2.75%) Datadog
16 138 (2.32%) Amazon EC2
17 131 (2.20%) Pulumi
18 111 (1.86%) Cloud Computing
19 104 (1.75%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 103 (1.73%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 160 (2.69%) Firewall
2 117 (1.96%) DNS
3 106 (1.78%) TCP/IP
4 104 (1.75%) HTTP
5 77 (1.29%) Internet
6 50 (0.84%) Network Security
7 48 (0.81%) VPN
8 36 (0.60%) WAN
9 35 (0.59%) DHCP
10 25 (0.42%) SAN
11 24 (0.40%) LAN
12 23 (0.39%) HTTPS
13 17 (0.29%) DMZ
14 15 (0.25%) SSL
15 14 (0.24%) NAS
16 12 (0.20%) FTP
16 12 (0.20%) Intrusion Detection
17 11 (0.18%) Multicast
17 11 (0.18%) OpenVPN
18 10 (0.17%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 698 (11.72%) PostgreSQL
2 519 (8.71%) MongoDB
3 507 (8.51%) NoSQL
4 434 (7.29%) SQL Server
5 428 (7.19%) MySQL
6 308 (5.17%) Big Data
7 238 (4.00%) Relational Database
8 216 (3.63%) Redis
9 198 (3.32%) Hadoop
10 185 (3.11%) Azure SQL Database
11 142 (2.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 103 (1.73%) Apache Cassandra
13 99 (1.66%) Blockchain
14 96 (1.61%) Cosmos DB
15 89 (1.49%) Amazon Redshift
16 85 (1.43%) Apache Hive
17 84 (1.41%) Amazon RDS
18 71 (1.19%) Data Warehouse
18 71 (1.19%) MariaDB
19 67 (1.12%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 1,325 (22.25%) Jenkins
2 1,067 (17.91%) Git (software)
3 495 (8.31%) GitLab
4 289 (4.85%) JIRA
5 173 (2.90%) Selenium
6 166 (2.79%) TeamCity
7 165 (2.77%) Maven
8 151 (2.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 148 (2.48%) Gradle
10 129 (2.17%) Bitbucket
11 127 (2.13%) Artifactory
12 110 (1.85%) CircleCI
13 98 (1.65%) Cucumber
14 97 (1.63%) Octopus Deploy
15 86 (1.44%) Team Foundation Server
16 83 (1.39%) SonarQube
17 73 (1.23%) JUnit
18 64 (1.07%) Vagrant
19 60 (1.01%) Sonatype Nexus
20 55 (0.92%) Travis CI
General
1 1,207 (20.27%) Finance
2 416 (6.98%) Banking
3 244 (4.10%) Public Sector
4 240 (4.03%) Games
5 166 (2.79%) Retail
6 136 (2.28%) Marketing
7 99 (1.66%) Telecoms
8 90 (1.51%) Law
9 61 (1.02%) Manufacturing
10 59 (0.99%) Electronics
11 54 (0.91%) Front Office
12 44 (0.74%) Legal
13 42 (0.71%) Advertising
14 33 (0.55%) Back Office
15 26 (0.44%) Billing
16 25 (0.42%) Investment Banking
17 22 (0.37%) Online Betting
18 21 (0.35%) Automotive
19 20 (0.34%) Financial Institution
20 13 (0.22%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 1,774 (29.79%) Developer
2 1,699 (28.53%) DevOps Engineer
3 722 (12.12%) AWS Engineer
4 598 (10.04%) Software Engineer
5 569 (9.55%) AWS DevOps
6 548 (9.20%) Java Developer
7 525 (8.81%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 489 (8.21%) Senior Developer
9 434 (7.29%) Senior DevOps
10 402 (6.75%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 362 (6.08%) Architect
12 344 (5.78%) Cloud Engineer
13 318 (5.34%) Azure Engineer
14 267 (4.48%) Java Engineer
15 266 (4.47%) Full Stack Developer
16 231 (3.88%) Azure DevOps Engineer
17 227 (3.81%) Platform Engineer
18 222 (3.73%) Python Developer
19 218 (3.66%) Kubernetes Engineer
20 210 (3.53%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 848 (14.24%) React
2 842 (14.14%) Node.js
3 807 (13.55%) .NET
4 751 (12.61%) Kafka
5 628 (10.54%) AngularJS
6 595 (9.99%) Spring
7 495 (8.31%) Spring Boot
8 472 (7.92%) .NET Core
9 418 (7.02%) REST
10 381 (6.40%) Web Services
11 360 (6.04%) Vue.js
12 324 (5.44%) CSS
13 297 (4.99%) HTML
14 289 (4.85%) RESTful
15 276 (4.63%) RabbitMQ
16 219 (3.68%) .NET Framework
17 218 (3.66%) GraphQL
18 155 (2.60%) Elastic Stack
19 140 (2.35%) gRPC
20 134 (2.25%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 341 (5.73%) Greenfield Project
2 339 (5.69%) Cloud Native
3 254 (4.26%) Public Cloud
4 195 (3.27%) Analytical Skills
5 177 (2.97%) Algorithms
6 159 (2.67%) Data Centre
7 146 (2.45%) Hedge funds
8 132 (2.22%) Linux Command Line
9 118 (1.98%) Mobile App
10 115 (1.93%) Data Structures
11 110 (1.85%) User Experience
12 101 (1.70%) Hybrid Cloud
13 94 (1.58%) Self-Motivation
14 93 (1.56%) Enterprise Software
15 69 (1.16%) Enterprise Cloud
16 50 (0.84%) Social Network
17 49 (0.82%) Private Cloud
18 47 (0.79%) Blog
19 46 (0.77%) Equities
20 44 (0.74%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 1,524 (25.59%) Linux
2 397 (6.67%) Windows
3 247 (4.15%) Unix
4 137 (2.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 111 (1.86%) CentOS
6 108 (1.81%) Windows Server
7 99 (1.66%) Ubuntu
8 53 (0.89%) Android
9 43 (0.72%) Apple iOS
10 20 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
11 19 (0.32%) Debian
12 17 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
13 16 (0.27%) VMS
14 11 (0.18%) CoreOS
14 11 (0.18%) zOS
15 6 (0.10%) Windows Server 2019
16 5 (0.084%) Fedora
16 5 (0.084%) Mac OS
17 4 (0.067%) Embedded Linux
17 4 (0.067%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,408 (57.22%) DevOps
2 2,681 (45.01%) Agile Software Development
3 1,793 (30.10%) Microservices
4 1,463 (24.56%) Software Engineering
5 953 (16.00%) Infrastructure as Code
6 935 (15.70%) TDD
7 866 (14.54%) Scrum
8 761 (12.78%) Continuous Integration
9 722 (12.12%) Fintech
10 608 (10.21%) Mentoring
11 597 (10.02%) Configuration Management
12 537 (9.02%) Problem-Solving
13 532 (8.93%) Test Automation
14 459 (7.71%) Machine Learning
15 436 (7.32%) Analytics
16 411 (6.90%) Deployment Automation
17 402 (6.75%) Site Reliability Engineering
18 387 (6.50%) Computer Science
19 375 (6.30%) Migration
20 344 (5.78%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,296 (38.55%) Python
2 1,893 (31.78%) Java
3 1,397 (23.46%) JavaScript
4 1,181 (19.83%) SQL
5 1,043 (17.51%) C#
6 852 (14.30%) Go
7 569 (9.55%) Bash Shell
8 553 (9.28%) TypeScript
9 488 (8.19%) Ruby
10 434 (7.29%) PowerShell
11 316 (5.31%) PHP
12 305 (5.12%) Scala
13 221 (3.71%) C++
14 212 (3.56%) Java 8
15 190 (3.19%) Kotlin
16 117 (1.96%) Groovy
17 97 (1.63%) Shell Script
18 94 (1.58%) ES6
19 68 (1.14%) Perl
20 59 (0.99%) C
Qualifications
1 438 (7.35%) Degree
2 363 (6.09%) Security Cleared
3 295 (4.95%) SC Cleared
4 194 (3.26%) Computer Science Degree
5 125 (2.10%) AWS Certification
6 54 (0.91%) Master's Degree
7 48 (0.81%) Cisco Certification
8 31 (0.52%) DV Cleared
8 31 (0.52%) PhD
9 30 (0.50%) Microsoft Certification
10 25 (0.42%) CCNP
10 25 (0.42%) ISTQB
10 25 (0.42%) RHCE
11 20 (0.34%) CCNA
12 19 (0.32%) ISEB
12 19 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 19 (0.32%) Sun Certification
13 17 (0.29%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 17 (0.29%) OSCE
13 17 (0.29%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 179 (3.01%) QA
2 44 (0.74%) GDPR
2 44 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 38 (0.64%) SLA
4 35 (0.59%) NIST
5 23 (0.39%) PCI DSS
6 21 (0.35%) Data Quality
7 13 (0.22%) HIPAA
8 12 (0.20%) WCAG
9 10 (0.17%) ISO 9001
9 10 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 8 (0.13%) ISO 22301
11 5 (0.084%) Dodd-Frank
11 5 (0.084%) EMIR
11 5 (0.084%) MiFID
12 2 (0.034%) IEC 62304
12 2 (0.034%) ISO 13485
12 2 (0.034%) NCSC
13 1 (0.017%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 4,533 (76.11%) Docker
2 166 (2.79%) Active Directory
3 139 (2.33%) VMware Infrastructure
4 87 (1.46%) Virtual Machines
5 31 (0.52%) vSphere
6 29 (0.49%) KVM
7 24 (0.40%) XenApp
8 23 (0.39%) VirtualBox
9 20 (0.34%) Hyper-V
9 20 (0.34%) XenDesktop
10 18 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
11 17 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
12 14 (0.24%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 13 (0.22%) Xen
14 11 (0.18%) HDFS
15 9 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 8 (0.13%) Postfix
16 8 (0.13%) Virtual Desktop
17 6 (0.10%) NFS
18 5 (0.084%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 2,358 (39.59%) Terraform
2 1,294 (21.73%) Ansible
3 889 (14.93%) Puppet
4 656 (11.01%) Opscode Chef
5 312 (5.24%) Prometheus
6 266 (4.47%) Grafana
7 124 (2.08%) Istio
8 85 (1.43%) Packer
9 75 (1.26%) Nagios
10 69 (1.16%) Docker Swarm
11 49 (0.82%) ZABBIX
12 44 (0.74%) Consul
13 41 (0.69%) Kibana
14 31 (0.52%) Rancher
15 29 (0.49%) CFEngine
16 26 (0.44%) HAProxy
17 25 (0.42%) Graphite
18 24 (0.40%) Fortio
18 24 (0.40%) Kiali
19 23 (0.39%) Salt
Vendors
1 607 (10.19%) Google
2 408 (6.85%) Microsoft
3 321 (5.39%) Oracle
4 244 (4.10%) VMware
5 199 (3.34%) Red Hat
6 136 (2.28%) IBM
7 128 (2.15%) SaltStack
8 121 (2.03%) Splunk
9 101 (1.70%) SAP
10 95 (1.60%) New Relic
11 67 (1.12%) Atlassian
12 54 (0.91%) Cisco
13 46 (0.77%) Dynatrace
14 36 (0.60%) Databricks
15 35 (0.59%) PagerDuty
16 25 (0.42%) F5
17 23 (0.39%) ServiceNow
18 21 (0.35%) Citrix
18 21 (0.35%) Dell
19 20 (0.34%) Salesforce.com