Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 24 35 70
Rank change year-on-year +11 +35 +107
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 10,437 4,294 5,865
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 9.24% 6.32% 4.09%
As % of the Systems Management category 53.64% 42.06% 31.31%
Number of salaries quoted 6,813 3,635 4,730
10th Percentile £43,000 £42,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £53,750 £51,875 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £70,000
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £105,000 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 19,459 10,209 18,730
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.22% 15.02% 13.07%
Number of salaries quoted 12,969 8,345 14,455
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,250 £32,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +14 9,614 £70,000 - 1,651
London +8 5,828 £80,000 +2.24% 906
UK excluding London +29 3,883 £60,000 +9.09% 810
Work from Home +9 2,481 £67,500 +3.85% 389
North of England +26 1,229 £60,000 +14.29% 246
South East +39 1,178 £65,000 +13.04% 172
Yorkshire +25 623 £57,500 +9.52% 89
North West +18 509 £60,000 +9.09% 136
South West +27 502 £55,000 +1.85% 97
Midlands +33 417 £60,000 +9.09% 139
West Midlands +33 321 £62,500 +13.64% 102
Scotland -4 227 £57,500 +4.55% 41
East of England +22 186 £60,000 +20.00% 78
Wales -5 109 £50,000 +11.11% 23
North East +43 99 £49,000 -2.00% 21
East Midlands +9 96 £57,500 +15.00% 37
Northern Ireland -1 47 £46,250 +2.78% 14
Isle of Man - 1 £35,000 -

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 7,713 (73.90%) Docker
2 5,561 (53.28%) AWS
3 5,284 (50.63%) DevOps
4 4,780 (45.80%) Agile Software Development
5 4,231 (40.54%) Azure
6 3,816 (36.56%) Terraform
7 3,800 (36.41%) Python
8 3,344 (32.04%) Microservices
9 3,306 (31.68%) Java
10 3,098 (29.68%) Software Engineering
11 2,625 (25.15%) JavaScript
12 2,477 (23.73%) GCP
13 2,437 (23.35%) React
14 2,337 (22.39%) Linux
15 2,316 (22.19%) Finance
16 2,292 (21.96%) Jenkins
17 2,140 (20.50%) SQL
18 1,978 (18.95%) Git (software)
19 1,912 (18.32%) Ansible
20 1,891 (18.12%) Infrastructure as Code
21 1,819 (17.43%) C#
22 1,620 (15.52%) Node.js
23 1,584 (15.18%) Social Skills
24 1,561 (14.96%) Go
25 1,531 (14.67%) .NET
26 1,530 (14.66%) TDD
27 1,461 (14.00%) Kafka
28 1,433 (13.73%) TypeScript
29 1,431 (13.71%) PostgreSQL
30 1,402 (13.43%) Full Stack Development

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 700 (6.71%) Elasticsearch
2 565 (5.41%) Apache Spark
3 325 (3.11%) Apache
4 243 (2.33%) Confluence
5 205 (1.96%) Apache Airflow
6 134 (1.28%) Cloud Foundry
7 127 (1.22%) nginx
8 92 (0.88%) OpenStack
9 88 (0.84%) Tomcat
10 56 (0.54%) Apache Solr
11 51 (0.49%) CMS
12 47 (0.45%) IIS
13 42 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 42 (0.40%) Tornado
14 37 (0.35%) GemFire
15 33 (0.32%) Drupal
16 28 (0.27%) Apache Pulsar
16 28 (0.27%) JBoss
17 26 (0.25%) SharePoint
18 22 (0.21%) ColdFusion
Applications
1 35 (0.34%) Sketch
2 28 (0.27%) InVision
3 23 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
4 22 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
4 22 (0.21%) Photoshop
5 17 (0.16%) Figma
5 17 (0.16%) GIMP
6 15 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
7 12 (0.11%) SOLIDWORKS
8 7 (0.067%) Microsoft Excel
8 7 (0.067%) MS Visio
9 6 (0.057%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 5 (0.048%) Chatbot
10 5 (0.048%) Fireworks
10 5 (0.048%) Zeplin
11 1 (0.010%) Revit
Business Applications
1 35 (0.34%) Magento
2 32 (0.31%) Distributed Ledger
3 24 (0.23%) R3 Corda
4 21 (0.20%) Sentinel
5 17 (0.16%) Shopify
6 16 (0.15%) MetaTrader
7 13 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
8 10 (0.096%) Primavera
9 8 (0.077%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 5 (0.048%) SDL Web 8
10 5 (0.048%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 4 (0.038%) Infor M3
12 2 (0.019%) Oracle BPM
13 1 (0.010%) NetSuite
13 1 (0.010%) Oracle Applications
13 1 (0.010%) Oracle EBS
13 1 (0.010%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 5,561 (53.28%) AWS
2 4,231 (40.54%) Azure
3 2,477 (23.73%) GCP
4 1,213 (11.62%) Serverless
5 954 (9.14%) SaaS
6 810 (7.76%) AWS CloudFormation
7 801 (7.67%) PaaS
8 657 (6.29%) GitHub
9 575 (5.51%) AWS Lambda
10 527 (5.05%) Amazon EKS
11 506 (4.85%) OpenShift
12 505 (4.84%) IaaS
13 435 (4.17%) Amazon S3
14 316 (3.03%) Amazon ECS
15 309 (2.96%) Cloud Computing
16 270 (2.59%) Amazon SQS
17 251 (2.40%) Amazon EC2
18 201 (1.93%) Datadog
19 171 (1.64%) Pulumi
20 170 (1.63%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 349 (3.34%) HTTP
2 277 (2.65%) Firewall
3 193 (1.85%) Internet
4 143 (1.37%) DNS
5 138 (1.32%) TCP/IP
6 119 (1.14%) VPN
7 68 (0.65%) SSL
8 59 (0.57%) WAN
9 58 (0.56%) Broadband
10 51 (0.49%) Network Security
11 43 (0.41%) SSH
12 42 (0.40%) LAN
13 35 (0.34%) SMTP
14 34 (0.33%) Calico
15 29 (0.28%) Cisco Nexus
16 28 (0.27%) SAN
17 25 (0.24%) DHCP
17 25 (0.24%) MQTT
18 22 (0.21%) 5G
18 22 (0.21%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,431 (13.71%) PostgreSQL
2 1,322 (12.67%) NoSQL
3 958 (9.18%) MongoDB
4 875 (8.38%) MySQL
5 783 (7.50%) Big Data
6 596 (5.71%) Redis
7 543 (5.20%) Relational Database
8 540 (5.17%) SQL Server
9 531 (5.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 431 (4.13%) Hadoop
11 331 (3.17%) Amazon RDS
12 260 (2.49%) Apache Cassandra
13 239 (2.29%) Azure SQL Database
14 207 (1.98%) Amazon Redshift
15 204 (1.95%) BigQuery
16 154 (1.48%) Blockchain
17 137 (1.31%) Amazon Aurora
18 136 (1.30%) Amazon Athena
19 121 (1.16%) Data Warehouse
20 116 (1.11%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 2,292 (21.96%) Jenkins
2 1,978 (18.95%) Git (software)
3 845 (8.10%) GitLab
4 621 (5.95%) JIRA
5 363 (3.48%) Selenium
6 353 (3.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 328 (3.14%) Maven
8 297 (2.85%) TeamCity
9 278 (2.66%) CircleCI
10 242 (2.32%) Gradle
11 221 (2.12%) webpack
12 213 (2.04%) Cypress.io
12 213 (2.04%) JUnit
13 193 (1.85%) Bitbucket
14 188 (1.80%) Octopus Deploy
15 173 (1.66%) Artifactory
16 164 (1.57%) SonarQube
17 155 (1.49%) Cucumber
18 154 (1.48%) Team Foundation Server
19 143 (1.37%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 2,316 (22.19%) Finance
2 1,584 (15.18%) Social Skills
3 654 (6.27%) Banking
4 473 (4.53%) Retail
5 357 (3.42%) Public Sector
6 355 (3.40%) Analytical Skills
7 343 (3.29%) Games
8 288 (2.76%) Marketing
9 226 (2.17%) Front Office
10 211 (2.02%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 167 (1.60%) Law
11 167 (1.60%) Presentation Skills
12 163 (1.56%) Advertising
13 157 (1.50%) Manufacturing
14 135 (1.29%) Telecoms
15 132 (1.26%) Legal
16 109 (1.04%) Financial Institution
17 90 (0.86%) Billing
18 88 (0.84%) Influencing Skills
19 78 (0.75%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 2,899 (27.78%) Developer
2 2,248 (21.54%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,313 (12.58%) Software Engineer
4 857 (8.21%) Senior Developer
5 757 (7.25%) AWS Engineer
6 696 (6.67%) Architect
7 665 (6.37%) Java Developer
8 602 (5.77%) Senior DevOps
9 587 (5.62%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 551 (5.28%) AWS DevOps
11 541 (5.18%) Cloud Engineer
12 525 (5.03%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 464 (4.45%) Azure Engineer
14 461 (4.42%) Platform Engineer
15 423 (4.05%) Senior Software Engineer
16 413 (3.96%) Full Stack Developer
17 403 (3.86%) Java Engineer
18 312 (2.99%) Azure DevOps Engineer
19 311 (2.98%) React Developer
20 304 (2.91%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,437 (23.35%) React
2 1,620 (15.52%) Node.js
3 1,531 (14.67%) .NET
4 1,461 (14.00%) Kafka
5 1,251 (11.99%) AngularJS
6 1,153 (11.05%) Spring
7 1,064 (10.19%) REST
8 892 (8.55%) Web Services
9 873 (8.36%) .NET Core
10 780 (7.47%) Spring Boot
11 758 (7.26%) RESTful
12 739 (7.08%) GraphQL
13 698 (6.69%) CSS
14 660 (6.32%) HTML
15 573 (5.49%) Vue.js
16 554 (5.31%) RabbitMQ
17 354 (3.39%) .NET Framework
18 343 (3.29%) Redux
19 337 (3.23%) Elastic Stack
20 299 (2.86%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 670 (6.42%) Cloud Native
2 565 (5.41%) Greenfield Project
3 514 (4.92%) Public Cloud
4 491 (4.70%) User Experience
5 362 (3.47%) Algorithms
6 296 (2.84%) Data Centre
7 279 (2.67%) Mobile App
8 278 (2.66%) Hybrid Cloud
9 236 (2.26%) Self-Motivation
10 221 (2.12%) Linux Command Line
11 188 (1.80%) Blog
11 188 (1.80%) Enterprise Software
12 168 (1.61%) Virtual Team
13 163 (1.56%) Hedge funds
14 160 (1.53%) Data Structures
15 120 (1.15%) Equities
16 105 (1.01%) Legacy Systems
17 97 (0.93%) Private Cloud
18 95 (0.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 85 (0.81%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 2,337 (22.39%) Linux
2 626 (6.00%) Windows
3 313 (3.00%) Unix
4 179 (1.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 135 (1.29%) CentOS
6 126 (1.21%) Android
7 123 (1.18%) Ubuntu
8 120 (1.15%) Windows Server
9 97 (0.93%) Apple iOS
10 50 (0.48%) VMS
11 39 (0.37%) Windows Server 2016
12 35 (0.34%) Mesosphere
13 29 (0.28%) Debian
14 23 (0.22%) Windows Server 2019
15 18 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
16 16 (0.15%) CoreOS
17 15 (0.14%) SUSE
18 9 (0.086%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
19 8 (0.077%) Alpine Linux
19 8 (0.077%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,284 (50.63%) DevOps
2 4,780 (45.80%) Agile Software Development
3 3,344 (32.04%) Microservices
4 3,098 (29.68%) Software Engineering
5 1,891 (18.12%) Infrastructure as Code
6 1,530 (14.66%) TDD
7 1,402 (13.43%) Full Stack Development
8 1,227 (11.76%) Scrum
9 1,214 (11.63%) Mentoring
10 1,174 (11.25%) Test Automation
11 1,120 (10.73%) Continuous Integration
12 1,108 (10.62%) Problem-Solving
13 952 (9.12%) Fintech
14 918 (8.80%) Analytics
15 916 (8.78%) Configuration Management
16 865 (8.29%) Artificial Intelligence
17 846 (8.11%) Open Source
18 768 (7.36%) Machine Learning
19 751 (7.20%) Computer Science
20 721 (6.91%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 3,800 (36.41%) Python
2 3,306 (31.68%) Java
3 2,625 (25.15%) JavaScript
4 2,140 (20.50%) SQL
5 1,819 (17.43%) C#
6 1,561 (14.96%) Go
7 1,433 (13.73%) TypeScript
8 1,048 (10.04%) Bash Shell
9 841 (8.06%) PowerShell
10 801 (7.67%) Ruby
11 613 (5.87%) Scala
12 533 (5.11%) Kotlin
13 525 (5.03%) PHP
14 424 (4.06%) C++
15 260 (2.49%) Java 8
16 198 (1.90%) ES6
17 196 (1.88%) C
18 193 (1.85%) Shell Script
19 189 (1.81%) Groovy
20 154 (1.48%) Rust
Qualifications
1 848 (8.12%) Degree
2 566 (5.42%) Security Cleared
3 458 (4.39%) SC Cleared
4 427 (4.09%) Computer Science Degree
5 152 (1.46%) AWS Certification
6 147 (1.41%) Master's Degree
7 81 (0.78%) Oracle Certification
8 80 (0.77%) OCP
9 57 (0.55%) PhD
10 53 (0.51%) Cisco Certification
11 41 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
12 34 (0.33%) DV Cleared
13 29 (0.28%) CISSP
13 29 (0.28%) RHCE
14 24 (0.23%) SANS
15 20 (0.19%) MCSD
16 16 (0.15%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
17 15 (0.14%) DBS Check
17 15 (0.14%) ISTQB
17 15 (0.14%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 503 (4.82%) QA
2 147 (1.41%) GDPR
3 78 (0.75%) Accessibility
4 74 (0.71%) SLA
5 57 (0.55%) Data Quality
6 49 (0.47%) PSD2
7 43 (0.41%) PCI DSS
8 26 (0.25%) WCAG
9 22 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 19 (0.18%) GRC
11 14 (0.13%) NIST
12 11 (0.11%) GxP
13 4 (0.038%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 4 (0.038%) SOC 2
14 3 (0.029%) Cyber Essentials
14 3 (0.029%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 3 (0.029%) ISO 9001
14 3 (0.029%) SOC 1
15 2 (0.019%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 2 (0.019%) PMBOK
System Software
1 7,713 (73.90%) Docker
2 249 (2.39%) Active Directory
3 189 (1.81%) VMware Infrastructure
4 147 (1.41%) Virtual Machines
5 80 (0.77%) VirtualBox
6 49 (0.47%) Hyper-V
7 43 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 36 (0.34%) KVM
9 30 (0.29%) vSphere
10 27 (0.26%) Virtual Servers
10 27 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
11 25 (0.24%) ISA Server
12 19 (0.18%) XenApp
13 18 (0.17%) LXC
13 18 (0.17%) XenDesktop
14 17 (0.16%) Ceph
15 15 (0.14%) Xen
16 14 (0.13%) HDFS
17 13 (0.12%) NFS
18 12 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 3,816 (36.56%) Terraform
2 1,912 (18.32%) Ansible
3 1,147 (10.99%) Puppet
4 905 (8.67%) Opscode Chef
5 726 (6.96%) Prometheus
6 590 (5.65%) Grafana
7 260 (2.49%) Istio
8 243 (2.33%) Docker Swarm
9 166 (1.59%) Packer
10 146 (1.40%) Consul
11 120 (1.15%) Kibana
12 119 (1.14%) Graphite
13 112 (1.07%) Nagios
14 91 (0.87%) ZABBIX
15 84 (0.80%) Rancher
16 73 (0.70%) Salt
17 52 (0.50%) logstash
18 51 (0.49%) Mesos
19 49 (0.47%) CFEngine
20 43 (0.41%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 1,022 (9.79%) Google
2 758 (7.26%) Microsoft
3 526 (5.04%) Oracle
4 301 (2.88%) Red Hat
4 301 (2.88%) VMware
5 258 (2.47%) Splunk
6 225 (2.16%) IBM
7 146 (1.40%) SaltStack
8 119 (1.14%) New Relic
9 115 (1.10%) Atlassian
10 104 (1.00%) SAP
11 90 (0.86%) Cloudera
12 88 (0.84%) Hortonworks
13 71 (0.68%) Talend
14 67 (0.64%) Informatica
15 54 (0.52%) Cisco
16 48 (0.46%) Databricks
17 46 (0.44%) PagerDuty
18 44 (0.42%) Dynatrace
19 43 (0.41%) Adobe