Period
to 12 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 12 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
12 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 60 127 295
Rank change year-on-year +67 +168 +456
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 5,917 4,233 2,055
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.45% 2.65% 1.15%
As % of the Systems Management category 34.87% 23.72% 12.67%
Number of salaries quoted 4,769 3,365 1,716
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% - -3.70%
10th Percentile £42,500 £40,804 £43,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £93,750 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 16,967 17,844 16,224
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.75% 11.19% 9.04%
Number of salaries quoted 12,968 14,068 13,288
UK median annual salary £59,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.27% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 12 December 2019.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 12 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +62 5,587 £70,000 +3.70% 1,159
London +44 3,560 £77,500 +6.90% 652
UK excluding London +89 2,250 £55,000 - 575
South East +83 706 £60,000 +9.09% 135
North of England +72 505 £55,000 +4.76% 120
South West +106 361 £55,000 - 67
Yorkshire +80 272 £52,500 - 44
North West +20 219 £60,000 +13.74% 65
Scotland +89 212 £47,600 -4.80% 53
East of England +53 211 £55,000 -8.33% 97
Midlands +71 197 £52,500 -12.50% 88
West Midlands +47 119 £54,000 -6.09% 58
East Midlands +36 74 £52,500 -20.75% 30
Wales +4 50 £45,000 -8.24% 17
Northern Ireland -1 17 £45,000 -10.00% 1
North East +10 14 £46,250 -11.90% 11

For the 6 months to 12 December 2019, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 4,823 (81.51%) Docker
2 3,546 (59.93%) DevOps
3 3,270 (55.26%) AWS
4 2,657 (44.90%) Agile Software Development
5 2,319 (39.19%) Python
6 2,301 (38.89%) Java
7 2,088 (35.29%) Azure
8 1,958 (33.09%) Microservices
9 1,887 (31.89%) Terraform
10 1,882 (31.81%) Linux
11 1,663 (28.11%) Ansible
12 1,483 (25.06%) Jenkins
13 1,437 (24.29%) GCP
14 1,387 (23.44%) Software Engineering
15 1,286 (21.73%) JavaScript
16 1,168 (19.74%) Puppet
17 1,097 (18.54%) Git (software)
18 1,065 (18.00%) Finance
19 1,045 (17.66%) SQL
20 928 (15.68%) TDD
21 926 (15.65%) Continuous Integration
22 892 (15.08%) Opscode Chef
23 843 (14.25%) Node.js
24 827 (13.98%) C#
25 822 (13.89%) Bash Shell
26 813 (13.74%) Google
27 811 (13.71%) Go
28 791 (13.37%) React
29 769 (13.00%) Configuration Management
30 744 (12.57%) .NET

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 364 (6.15%) Apache Spark
2 305 (5.15%) Elasticsearch
3 195 (3.30%) Confluence
4 187 (3.16%) Apache
5 134 (2.26%) OpenStack
6 113 (1.91%) Tomcat
7 106 (1.79%) nginx
8 87 (1.47%) Cloud Foundry
9 53 (0.90%) IIS
10 52 (0.88%) CMS
11 38 (0.64%) JBoss
12 37 (0.63%) WebSphere
13 34 (0.57%) WebLogic
14 33 (0.56%) WordPress
15 29 (0.49%) Drupal
16 27 (0.46%) Sitecore CMS
17 26 (0.44%) Apache Airflow
18 22 (0.37%) SharePoint
19 21 (0.35%) SAS
20 20 (0.34%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 17 (0.29%) Chatbot
2 7 (0.12%) Adobe Premiere
3 5 (0.085%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.051%) HipChat
4 3 (0.051%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.034%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.034%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 63 (1.06%) Payment Gateway
2 10 (0.17%) Magento
3 6 (0.10%) Quorum
3 6 (0.10%) R3 Corda
4 3 (0.051%) SDL Web 8
5 2 (0.034%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.034%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.034%) OpenCart
5 2 (0.034%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.017%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.017%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.017%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 1 (0.017%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.017%) Revive Adserver
6 1 (0.017%) Sage 200
Cloud Services
1 3,270 (55.26%) AWS
2 2,088 (35.29%) Azure
3 1,437 (24.29%) GCP
4 457 (7.72%) OpenShift
5 442 (7.47%) AWS CloudFormation
6 412 (6.96%) Serverless
7 369 (6.24%) SaaS
8 344 (5.81%) PaaS
9 304 (5.14%) AWS Lambda
10 299 (5.05%) GitHub
11 289 (4.88%) Amazon EC2
12 262 (4.43%) Amazon ECS
13 238 (4.02%) Amazon S3
14 225 (3.80%) IaaS
15 177 (2.99%) Cloud Computing
16 101 (1.71%) Amazon SQS
17 82 (1.39%) Amazon Kinesis
18 79 (1.34%) Amazon EKS
19 77 (1.30%) Datadog
19 77 (1.30%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 252 (4.26%) Firewall
2 155 (2.62%) VPN
3 145 (2.45%) TCP/IP
4 120 (2.03%) Internet
5 117 (1.98%) DNS
6 67 (1.13%) HTTP
7 40 (0.68%) DHCP
8 36 (0.61%) SSL
9 35 (0.59%) HTTPS
10 34 (0.57%) LAN
11 33 (0.56%) WAN
12 32 (0.54%) Skype
13 29 (0.49%) Network Security
14 19 (0.32%) MPLS
15 17 (0.29%) VLAN
16 16 (0.27%) Wireshark
17 15 (0.25%) WLAN
18 14 (0.24%) DMZ
19 12 (0.20%) SMTP
20 8 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 655 (11.07%) NoSQL
2 448 (7.57%) MySQL
2 448 (7.57%) PostgreSQL
3 434 (7.33%) MongoDB
4 418 (7.06%) Big Data
5 368 (6.22%) SQL Server
6 243 (4.11%) Redis
7 224 (3.79%) Relational Database
8 223 (3.77%) Apache Cassandra
9 222 (3.75%) Hadoop
10 213 (3.60%) Amazon RDS
11 128 (2.16%) Amazon Redshift
12 121 (2.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 97 (1.64%) RDBMS
14 75 (1.27%) Blockchain
15 64 (1.08%) Cosmos DB
16 58 (0.98%) Neo4j
17 57 (0.96%) Data Warehouse
18 44 (0.74%) Apache Hive
18 44 (0.74%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 1,483 (25.06%) Jenkins
2 1,097 (18.54%) Git (software)
3 424 (7.17%) JIRA
4 268 (4.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 265 (4.48%) GitLab
6 256 (4.33%) TeamCity
7 228 (3.85%) Maven
8 197 (3.33%) Bitbucket
9 170 (2.87%) Selenium
10 167 (2.82%) Artifactory
11 154 (2.60%) CircleCI
11 154 (2.60%) Octopus Deploy
12 124 (2.10%) Cucumber
13 119 (2.01%) Gradle
13 119 (2.01%) Vagrant
14 113 (1.91%) JUnit
15 97 (1.64%) Team Foundation Server
16 91 (1.54%) SonarQube
17 87 (1.47%) JMeter
18 79 (1.34%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 1,065 (18.00%) Finance
2 387 (6.54%) Banking
3 243 (4.11%) Retail
4 175 (2.96%) Games
5 159 (2.69%) Front Office
6 155 (2.62%) Public Sector
7 110 (1.86%) Marketing
8 90 (1.52%) Law
9 73 (1.23%) Automotive
10 54 (0.91%) Telecoms
11 53 (0.90%) Advertising
12 52 (0.88%) Manufacturing
13 44 (0.74%) Investment Banking
14 32 (0.54%) Billing
15 24 (0.41%) Legal
16 20 (0.34%) Financial Institution
17 19 (0.32%) Electronics
18 11 (0.19%) Back Office
18 11 (0.19%) Retail Banking
19 10 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,686 (28.49%) Developer
2 1,680 (28.39%) DevOps Engineer
3 563 (9.51%) Java Developer
4 560 (9.46%) Software Engineer
5 430 (7.27%) Senior Developer
6 412 (6.96%) AWS Engineer
7 390 (6.59%) Cloud Engineer
8 371 (6.27%) Senior DevOps
9 327 (5.53%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 290 (4.90%) Architect
11 263 (4.44%) Java Engineer
12 260 (4.39%) AWS DevOps
13 255 (4.31%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 250 (4.23%) .NET Developer
15 241 (4.07%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 234 (3.95%) Platform Engineer
17 212 (3.58%) Senior Software Engineer
18 199 (3.36%) Software Developer
19 198 (3.35%) Java Software Engineer
20 184 (3.11%) Lead DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 843 (14.25%) Node.js
2 791 (13.37%) React
3 744 (12.57%) .NET
4 678 (11.46%) Kafka
5 640 (10.82%) Spring
6 598 (10.11%) REST
6 598 (10.11%) Web Services
7 580 (9.80%) AngularJS
8 469 (7.93%) Spring Boot
9 455 (7.69%) RESTful
10 426 (7.20%) HTML
11 366 (6.19%) CSS
12 351 (5.93%) .NET Core
13 268 (4.53%) RabbitMQ
14 267 (4.51%) Elastic Stack
15 222 (3.75%) ASP.NET
16 219 (3.70%) JSON
17 188 (3.18%) HTML5
18 179 (3.03%) Vue.js
19 144 (2.43%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 479 (8.10%) Greenfield Project
2 349 (5.90%) Public Cloud
3 275 (4.65%) Analytical Skills
4 255 (4.31%) Cloud Native
5 188 (3.18%) Hybrid Cloud
6 159 (2.69%) Enterprise Software
7 156 (2.64%) Algorithms
8 154 (2.60%) User Experience
9 139 (2.35%) Data Centre
10 118 (1.99%) Linux Command Line
11 114 (1.93%) Data Structures
11 114 (1.93%) Mobile App
12 112 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
13 102 (1.72%) Fixed Income
14 96 (1.62%) Hedge funds
15 74 (1.25%) Blog
16 64 (1.08%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
16 64 (1.08%) Private Cloud
17 55 (0.93%) Virtual Team
18 46 (0.78%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,882 (31.81%) Linux
2 607 (10.26%) Windows
3 352 (5.95%) Unix
4 198 (3.35%) CentOS
5 165 (2.79%) Windows Server
6 144 (2.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 121 (2.04%) Android
8 111 (1.88%) Apple iOS
9 78 (1.32%) Ubuntu
10 61 (1.03%) Mac OS X
11 40 (0.68%) Debian
12 33 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
13 30 (0.51%) Mesosphere
14 16 (0.27%) Windows 10
15 15 (0.25%) Kali Linux
16 14 (0.24%) Fedora
16 14 (0.24%) Mac OS
17 11 (0.19%) CoreOS
18 8 (0.14%) Solaris
19 7 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,546 (59.93%) DevOps
2 2,657 (44.90%) Agile Software Development
3 1,958 (33.09%) Microservices
4 1,387 (23.44%) Software Engineering
5 928 (15.68%) TDD
6 926 (15.65%) Continuous Integration
7 769 (13.00%) Configuration Management
8 726 (12.27%) Scrum
9 714 (12.07%) Infrastructure as Code
10 671 (11.34%) Open Source
11 628 (10.61%) Test Automation
12 562 (9.50%) Fintech
13 560 (9.46%) Problem-Solving
14 519 (8.77%) Mentoring
15 513 (8.67%) Continuous Delivery
16 474 (8.01%) Computer Science
17 378 (6.39%) Machine Learning
18 371 (6.27%) BDD
19 367 (6.20%) Migration
20 364 (6.15%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 2,319 (39.19%) Python
2 2,301 (38.89%) Java
3 1,286 (21.73%) JavaScript
4 1,045 (17.66%) SQL
5 827 (13.98%) C#
6 822 (13.89%) Bash Shell
7 811 (13.71%) Go
8 618 (10.44%) Ruby
9 529 (8.94%) PowerShell
10 401 (6.78%) Java 8
11 389 (6.57%) Scala
12 336 (5.68%) C++
12 336 (5.68%) TypeScript
13 285 (4.82%) PHP
14 261 (4.41%) Kotlin
15 187 (3.16%) Perl
16 151 (2.55%) Shell Script
17 121 (2.04%) R
18 117 (1.98%) C
19 99 (1.67%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 499 (8.43%) Degree
2 249 (4.21%) Computer Science Degree
3 133 (2.25%) Security Cleared
4 107 (1.81%) AWS Certification
5 76 (1.28%) SC Cleared
6 55 (0.93%) Microsoft Certification
7 49 (0.83%) Master's Degree
8 42 (0.71%) DV Cleared
8 42 (0.71%) PhD
9 39 (0.66%) Cisco Certification
10 38 (0.64%) CCNA
11 36 (0.61%) RHCE
12 30 (0.51%) CISSP
12 30 (0.51%) MCSE
13 29 (0.49%) SANS
14 25 (0.42%) CompTIA Security+
15 24 (0.41%) GIAC
15 24 (0.41%) Linux+ Certification
15 24 (0.41%) Network+ Certification
15 24 (0.41%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 263 (4.44%) QA
2 40 (0.68%) SLA
3 25 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 23 (0.39%) GDPR
5 15 (0.25%) Data Quality
6 13 (0.22%) PCI DSS
7 7 (0.12%) HIPAA
7 7 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 4 (0.068%) MiFID
8 4 (0.068%) SEPA
9 3 (0.051%) NCSC
10 2 (0.034%) PSD2
11 1 (0.017%) FedRAMP
System Software
1 4,823 (81.51%) Docker
2 141 (2.38%) VMware Infrastructure
3 134 (2.26%) Active Directory
4 75 (1.27%) Hyper-V
5 62 (1.05%) VirtualBox
6 58 (0.98%) Virtual Machines
7 41 (0.69%) vSphere
8 26 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 26 (0.44%) KVM
9 24 (0.41%) oVirt
10 22 (0.37%) LXC
11 21 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
12 20 (0.34%) NFS
13 18 (0.30%) Xen
14 16 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
14 16 (0.27%) RHEV
15 14 (0.24%) etcd
16 13 (0.22%) Ceph
17 11 (0.19%) HDFS
18 10 (0.17%) iptables
Systems Management
1 1,887 (31.89%) Terraform
2 1,663 (28.11%) Ansible
3 1,168 (19.74%) Puppet
4 892 (15.08%) Opscode Chef
5 279 (4.72%) Docker Swarm
6 266 (4.50%) Prometheus
7 213 (3.60%) Packer
8 185 (3.13%) Grafana
9 163 (2.75%) Consul
10 141 (2.38%) Nagios
11 136 (2.30%) Rancher
12 127 (2.15%) Salt
13 111 (1.88%) ZABBIX
14 100 (1.69%) Istio
15 91 (1.54%) Mesos
16 85 (1.44%) Kibana
17 78 (1.32%) Graphite
18 41 (0.69%) Opsview
19 39 (0.66%) logstash
20 32 (0.54%) Marathon
Vendors
1 813 (13.74%) Google
2 403 (6.81%) Microsoft
3 210 (3.55%) Red Hat
3 210 (3.55%) VMware
4 203 (3.43%) Oracle
5 155 (2.62%) Splunk
6 90 (1.52%) Atlassian
7 81 (1.37%) IBM
8 68 (1.15%) CyberArk
9 67 (1.13%) WorldPay
10 60 (1.01%) SaltStack
11 59 (1.00%) ServiceNow
12 57 (0.96%) AppDynamics
13 53 (0.90%) Cloudera
14 50 (0.85%) Cisco
15 49 (0.83%) Hortonworks
16 47 (0.79%) Dynatrace
17 40 (0.68%) Symantec
18 36 (0.61%) Sitecore
19 34 (0.57%) PagerDuty