Period
to 4 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 4 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 37 74 199
Rank change year-on-year +37 +125 +214
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 4,654 5,609 3,133
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 5.90% 3.82% 1.76%
As % of the Systems Management category 41.45% 30.13% 17.37%
Number of salaries quoted 4,262 4,974 2,697
Median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.69% -7.14%
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £97,500 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £54,000
% change year-on-year -4.35% +6.48% -6.09%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 11,228 18,617 18,039
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.23% 12.68% 10.16%
Number of salaries quoted 8,917 14,222 14,244
Median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 4 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +38 4,377 £70,000 - 572
London +21 2,895 £78,000 +4.00% 286
UK excluding London +55 1,699 £55,000 -4.35% 321
North of England +105 503 £55,000 - 111
South East +25 480 £57,500 -8.00% 62
Work from Home +15 458 £67,500 -10.00% 78
North West +91 292 £57,500 -4.17% 58
South West +30 222 £52,500 -8.70% 29
Yorkshire +106 200 £52,500 - 39
Midlands +81 156 £55,000 - 45
Scotland +23 127 £54,750 -0.45% 18
West Midlands +92 112 £56,500 +2.73% 38
East of England +25 106 £55,000 - 38
Wales +60 99 £45,000 -9.09% 12
East Midlands +23 42 £50,000 - 7
Northern Ireland -6 15 £45,000 -7.69% 6
North East +6 11 £50,000 - 14

For the 6 months to 4 July 2020, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 3,681 (79.09%) Docker
2 2,570 (55.22%) DevOps
3 2,499 (53.70%) AWS
4 1,966 (42.24%) Agile Software Development
5 1,833 (39.39%) Python
6 1,756 (37.73%) Azure
7 1,720 (36.96%) Java
8 1,434 (30.81%) Terraform
9 1,378 (29.61%) Microservices
10 1,243 (26.71%) Linux
11 1,181 (25.38%) Ansible
12 1,132 (24.32%) Jenkins
13 1,108 (23.81%) JavaScript
14 1,059 (22.75%) GCP
15 1,020 (21.92%) Finance
16 990 (21.27%) Software Engineering
17 851 (18.29%) SQL
18 843 (18.11%) Git (software)
19 753 (16.18%) TDD
20 713 (15.32%) React
21 704 (15.13%) .NET
22 702 (15.08%) C#
23 682 (14.65%) Node.js
24 599 (12.87%) Scrum
25 593 (12.74%) NoSQL
25 593 (12.74%) Continuous Integration
26 586 (12.59%) Puppet
27 580 (12.46%) Fintech
28 574 (12.33%) Bash Shell
29 568 (12.20%) Infrastructure as Code

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 231 (4.96%) Apache
2 220 (4.73%) Elasticsearch
3 206 (4.43%) Apache Spark
4 176 (3.78%) Confluence
5 118 (2.54%) OpenStack
6 94 (2.02%) Tomcat
7 64 (1.38%) Cloud Foundry
8 43 (0.92%) nginx
8 43 (0.92%) WebSphere
9 35 (0.75%) SharePoint
10 31 (0.67%) Apache Airflow
10 31 (0.67%) IIS
11 28 (0.60%) CMS
12 18 (0.39%) WebLogic
13 13 (0.28%) Jupyter
14 12 (0.26%) SharePoint 2013
15 11 (0.24%) Hyperledger
16 10 (0.21%) CloudStack
17 8 (0.17%) Sitefinity
18 7 (0.15%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 8 (0.17%) Chatbot
2 4 (0.086%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 4 (0.086%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.064%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.043%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.043%) Sketch
5 1 (0.021%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 21 (0.45%) Distributed Ledger
2 14 (0.30%) Magento
3 8 (0.17%) R3 Corda
4 4 (0.086%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.086%) Sentinel
5 3 (0.064%) Remedy ITSM
5 3 (0.064%) Tesseract
6 2 (0.043%) Maximo
6 2 (0.043%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 1 (0.021%) OpenCart
7 1 (0.021%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.021%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.021%) Ripple
Cloud Services
1 2,499 (53.70%) AWS
2 1,756 (37.73%) Azure
3 1,059 (22.75%) GCP
4 456 (9.80%) Serverless
5 376 (8.08%) OpenShift
6 372 (7.99%) SaaS
7 291 (6.25%) AWS CloudFormation
8 285 (6.12%) AWS Lambda
9 232 (4.98%) Amazon ECS
10 230 (4.94%) PaaS
11 196 (4.21%) GitHub
12 171 (3.67%) Amazon EC2
13 143 (3.07%) IaaS
14 124 (2.66%) Amazon EKS
15 122 (2.62%) Amazon S3
16 97 (2.08%) Cloud Computing
17 81 (1.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 69 (1.48%) Apigee
19 65 (1.40%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 64 (1.38%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 154 (3.31%) Firewall
2 81 (1.74%) VPN
3 75 (1.61%) Internet
4 65 (1.40%) HTTP
4 65 (1.40%) TCP/IP
5 56 (1.20%) DNS
6 48 (1.03%) Network Security
7 39 (0.84%) WAN
8 28 (0.60%) LAN
9 25 (0.54%) Software-Defined Networking
10 18 (0.39%) Skype
11 17 (0.37%) MPLS
11 17 (0.37%) OSPF
11 17 (0.37%) VLAN
12 16 (0.34%) DHCP
12 16 (0.34%) DMZ
12 16 (0.34%) VoIP
13 13 (0.28%) BGP
13 13 (0.28%) SSL
14 12 (0.26%) VXLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 593 (12.74%) NoSQL
2 507 (10.89%) SQL Server
3 401 (8.62%) MySQL
4 395 (8.49%) PostgreSQL
5 302 (6.49%) MongoDB
6 282 (6.06%) Big Data
7 169 (3.63%) Amazon Redshift
8 166 (3.57%) Hadoop
9 146 (3.14%) Relational Database
10 128 (2.75%) Redis
11 118 (2.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 116 (2.49%) Apache Cassandra
13 102 (2.19%) Data Warehouse
14 94 (2.02%) Amazon RDS
15 77 (1.65%) Neo4j
16 70 (1.50%) Blockchain
17 53 (1.14%) Data Lake
18 48 (1.03%) Cosmos DB
19 46 (0.99%) Flink
20 44 (0.95%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 1,132 (24.32%) Jenkins
2 843 (18.11%) Git (software)
3 320 (6.88%) JIRA
4 247 (5.31%) GitLab
5 194 (4.17%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 179 (3.85%) TeamCity
7 161 (3.46%) Selenium
8 143 (3.07%) Artifactory
9 142 (3.05%) Maven
10 122 (2.62%) JUnit
11 110 (2.36%) Cucumber
12 97 (2.08%) Bitbucket
12 97 (2.08%) Octopus Deploy
13 93 (2.00%) CircleCI
14 92 (1.98%) Vagrant
15 86 (1.85%) Sonatype Nexus
16 76 (1.63%) SonarQube
17 70 (1.50%) webpack
18 60 (1.29%) Mocha
19 48 (1.03%) Visual Studio
General
1 1,020 (21.92%) Finance
2 346 (7.43%) Banking
3 209 (4.49%) Retail
4 149 (3.20%) Games
5 93 (2.00%) Public Sector
6 91 (1.96%) Front Office
7 75 (1.61%) Back Office
8 68 (1.46%) Marketing
9 66 (1.42%) Law
10 41 (0.88%) Manufacturing
11 40 (0.86%) Legal
11 40 (0.86%) Telecoms
12 34 (0.73%) Automotive
13 28 (0.60%) Advertising
14 27 (0.58%) Financial Institution
15 26 (0.56%) Investment Banking
16 15 (0.32%) Billing
17 12 (0.26%) Electronics
18 9 (0.19%) Publishing
19 8 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,427 (30.66%) Developer
2 1,209 (25.98%) DevOps Engineer
3 522 (11.22%) Java Developer
4 383 (8.23%) AWS Engineer
5 380 (8.17%) Software Engineer
6 356 (7.65%) Senior Developer
7 289 (6.21%) Architect
8 261 (5.61%) Java Engineer
9 251 (5.39%) Senior DevOps
10 250 (5.37%) AWS DevOps
11 226 (4.86%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 222 (4.77%) Kubernetes Engineer
13 221 (4.75%) Platform Engineer
14 211 (4.53%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 190 (4.08%) Cloud Engineer
16 184 (3.95%) Site Reliability Engineer
17 178 (3.82%) .NET Developer
18 170 (3.65%) Senior Java Developer
19 166 (3.57%) Java Software Engineer
20 159 (3.42%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 713 (15.32%) React
2 704 (15.13%) .NET
3 682 (14.65%) Node.js
4 567 (12.18%) AngularJS
5 472 (10.14%) Web Services
6 454 (9.76%) Kafka
6 454 (9.76%) Spring
7 369 (7.93%) REST
8 365 (7.84%) HTML
9 335 (7.20%) .NET Core
10 330 (7.09%) CSS
11 296 (6.36%) Spring Boot
12 285 (6.12%) RESTful
13 222 (4.77%) Redux
14 188 (4.04%) HTML5
15 158 (3.39%) ASP.NET
16 152 (3.27%) RabbitMQ
17 147 (3.16%) Elastic Stack
18 143 (3.07%) Vue.js
19 131 (2.81%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 315 (6.77%) Greenfield Project
2 283 (6.08%) Public Cloud
3 236 (5.07%) Cloud Native
4 190 (4.08%) Hedge funds
5 142 (3.05%) Analytical Skills
6 141 (3.03%) User Experience
7 114 (2.45%) Data Structures
8 94 (2.02%) Hybrid Cloud
9 91 (1.96%) Data Centre
10 88 (1.89%) Algorithms
11 83 (1.78%) Blog
12 80 (1.72%) Self-Motivation
13 73 (1.57%) Equities
14 60 (1.29%) Derivative
14 60 (1.29%) Mobile App
15 55 (1.18%) Enterprise Software
16 54 (1.16%) Linux Command Line
17 51 (1.10%) Virtual Team
18 48 (1.03%) Fixed Income
19 47 (1.01%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,243 (26.71%) Linux
2 374 (8.04%) Windows
3 210 (4.51%) Unix
4 143 (3.07%) CentOS
5 107 (2.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 82 (1.76%) Windows Server
7 70 (1.50%) Ubuntu
8 50 (1.07%) Mac OS X
9 48 (1.03%) Android
10 40 (0.86%) Apple iOS
11 39 (0.84%) Debian
12 29 (0.62%) CoreOS
13 27 (0.58%) VMS
14 26 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
15 23 (0.49%) Windows Server 2016
16 7 (0.15%) Fedora
16 7 (0.15%) SUSE
17 6 (0.13%) Mesosphere
17 6 (0.13%) zOS
18 4 (0.086%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,570 (55.22%) DevOps
2 1,966 (42.24%) Agile Software Development
3 1,378 (29.61%) Microservices
4 990 (21.27%) Software Engineering
5 753 (16.18%) TDD
6 599 (12.87%) Scrum
7 593 (12.74%) Continuous Integration
8 580 (12.46%) Fintech
9 568 (12.20%) Infrastructure as Code
10 526 (11.30%) Test Automation
11 474 (10.18%) Configuration Management
12 419 (9.00%) Open Source
13 391 (8.40%) Mentoring
14 361 (7.76%) Site Reliability Engineering
15 357 (7.67%) BDD
16 354 (7.61%) Machine Learning
17 306 (6.57%) Artificial Intelligence
18 300 (6.45%) Problem-Solving
19 296 (6.36%) Analytics
20 283 (6.08%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1,833 (39.39%) Python
2 1,720 (36.96%) Java
3 1,108 (23.81%) JavaScript
4 851 (18.29%) SQL
5 702 (15.08%) C#
6 574 (12.33%) Bash Shell
7 517 (11.11%) Go
8 382 (8.21%) PowerShell
9 345 (7.41%) Ruby
10 323 (6.94%) Java 8
11 282 (6.06%) Scala
12 278 (5.97%) TypeScript
13 201 (4.32%) C++
13 201 (4.32%) PHP
14 186 (4.00%) Kotlin
15 104 (2.23%) Perl
16 86 (1.85%) C
17 83 (1.78%) Groovy
18 82 (1.76%) R
19 77 (1.65%) ES6
Qualifications
1 315 (6.77%) Degree
2 134 (2.88%) Computer Science Degree
3 112 (2.41%) Security Cleared
4 64 (1.38%) Cisco Certification
5 62 (1.33%) SC Cleared
6 58 (1.25%) AWS Certification
7 37 (0.80%) DV Cleared
8 35 (0.75%) CCNA
8 35 (0.75%) CCNP
9 28 (0.60%) Sun Certification
10 26 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
11 25 (0.54%) PhD
12 23 (0.49%) CISSP
12 23 (0.49%) RHCE
13 20 (0.43%) MCSE
14 18 (0.39%) CCIE
15 13 (0.28%) GIAC
15 13 (0.28%) Master's Degree
16 12 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
17 10 (0.21%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 196 (4.21%) QA
2 20 (0.43%) SLA
3 18 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 13 (0.28%) GDPR
5 9 (0.19%) Data Quality
5 9 (0.19%) NIST
6 6 (0.13%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 3 (0.064%) NIST 800
8 2 (0.043%) Cyber Essentials
8 2 (0.043%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.043%) PMO
9 1 (0.021%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.021%) WCAG
System Software
1 3,681 (79.09%) Docker
2 114 (2.45%) VMware Infrastructure
3 68 (1.46%) Active Directory
4 64 (1.38%) VirtualBox
5 52 (1.12%) Hyper-V
6 47 (1.01%) vSphere
7 35 (0.75%) Virtual Machines
8 19 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
9 14 (0.30%) KVM
9 14 (0.30%) Xen
10 13 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 13 (0.28%) GlusterFS
11 9 (0.19%) NFS
11 9 (0.19%) Samba
12 8 (0.17%) HDFS
12 8 (0.17%) oVirt
13 7 (0.15%) Kamailio
13 7 (0.15%) LXC
14 6 (0.13%) iptables
14 6 (0.13%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 1,434 (30.81%) Terraform
2 1,181 (25.38%) Ansible
3 586 (12.59%) Puppet
4 483 (10.38%) Opscode Chef
5 168 (3.61%) Prometheus
6 141 (3.03%) Docker Swarm
7 131 (2.81%) Grafana
8 125 (2.69%) Packer
9 68 (1.46%) Nagios
10 61 (1.31%) Consul
11 57 (1.22%) Kibana
12 54 (1.16%) Istio
13 49 (1.05%) Salt
14 47 (1.01%) Rancher
15 43 (0.92%) Mesos
16 38 (0.82%) logstash
17 30 (0.64%) Graphite
17 30 (0.64%) ZABBIX
18 27 (0.58%) Marathon
19 25 (0.54%) Opsview
Vendors
1 549 (11.80%) Google
2 308 (6.62%) Microsoft
3 228 (4.90%) Oracle
4 184 (3.95%) VMware
5 168 (3.61%) Red Hat
6 110 (2.36%) IBM
7 84 (1.80%) Splunk
8 66 (1.42%) Atlassian
8 66 (1.42%) Cloudera
9 49 (1.05%) Cisco
10 45 (0.97%) Hortonworks
11 41 (0.88%) New Relic
12 37 (0.80%) SaltStack
13 35 (0.75%) AppDynamics
14 28 (0.60%) Foundry
15 27 (0.58%) Talend
16 25 (0.54%) Tableau
17 24 (0.52%) Informatica
17 24 (0.52%) SAP
18 21 (0.45%) Rackspace