Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 20 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
20 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 20 27 42
Rank change year-on-year +7 +15 +45
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 17,556 7,770 5,213
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 10.79% 8.55% 5.53%
As % of the Systems Management category 59.17% 51.86% 40.12%
Number of salaries quoted 7,237 5,912 4,295
10th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £57,500 £52,500 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - +3.70%
75th Percentile £93,750 £87,500 £87,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £100,000 £105,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £70,000 £59,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +17.65% +8.18% -3.51%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 29,669 14,983 12,995
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.23% 16.49% 13.78%
Number of salaries quoted 14,085 11,435 10,337
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £33,750
25th Percentile £48,750 £46,250 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +12.00% +4.17% -
75th Percentile £86,250 £81,250 £80,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £95,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% +10.00% -

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 20 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +5 14,433 £77,500 +10.71% 1,080
London +1 9,782 £85,000 +6.25% 624
Work from Home +3 8,947 £75,000 +11.11% 582
UK excluding London -1 4,961 £70,000 +17.65% 508
North of England -1 1,451 £65,000 +13.04% 173
South East -5 1,342 £70,000 +12.00% 112
North West +11 824 £67,350 +12.25% 102
South West +10 693 £67,350 +22.45% 48
Midlands +28 528 £70,000 +14.29% 61
Yorkshire -11 499 £60,000 +4.35% 49
Scotland +11 497 £67,500 +22.73% 45
West Midlands +9 355 £70,000 +12.00% 42
East of England +1 304 £70,000 +7.69% 55
East Midlands +21 170 £67,500 +12.50% 19
North East +11 128 £55,000 +15.79% 22
Wales +5 124 £55,000 - 8
Northern Ireland +8 63 £52,500 +13.51% 7
Isle of Man +18 1 £90,000 +132.26%

For the 6 months to 20 May 2022, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 12,480 (71.09%) Docker
2 9,673 (55.10%) AWS
3 9,115 (51.92%) Agile
4 8,399 (47.84%) DevOps
5 7,129 (40.61%) CI/CD
6 6,872 (39.14%) Python
7 6,480 (36.91%) Java
8 6,430 (36.63%) Azure
9 6,031 (34.35%) Software Engineering
10 5,969 (34.00%) Microservices
11 5,849 (33.32%) Terraform
12 4,848 (27.61%) Finance
13 4,683 (26.67%) GCP
14 4,358 (24.82%) JavaScript
15 4,179 (23.80%) React
16 4,091 (23.30%) Linux
17 4,044 (23.03%) Jenkins
18 3,763 (21.43%) Git (software)
19 3,701 (21.08%) SQL
20 3,377 (19.24%) Ansible
21 3,252 (18.52%) TDD
22 3,222 (18.35%) Infrastructure as Code
23 3,219 (18.34%) Kafka
24 3,112 (17.73%) Social Skills
25 2,958 (16.85%) Go
26 2,931 (16.70%) Node.js
27 2,903 (16.54%) PostgreSQL
28 2,778 (15.82%) Test Automation
29 2,494 (14.21%) Mentoring
30 2,471 (14.07%) Scrum

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,153 (6.57%) Elasticsearch
2 808 (4.60%) Apache Spark
3 647 (3.69%) Apache
4 564 (3.21%) Confluence
5 503 (2.87%) Apache Airflow
6 253 (1.44%) nginx
7 217 (1.24%) OpenStack
8 203 (1.16%) Apache Solr
9 191 (1.09%) IIS
10 175 (1.00%) Tomcat
11 139 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
12 136 (0.77%) JBoss
13 112 (0.64%) CMS
14 76 (0.43%) Jupyter
15 70 (0.40%) Tornado
16 61 (0.35%) Apache Pulsar
17 56 (0.32%) Ethereum
18 49 (0.28%) Drupal
19 43 (0.24%) Jetty
20 42 (0.24%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 50 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
2 26 (0.15%) Sketch
3 25 (0.14%) MS Visio
4 18 (0.10%) Chatbot
5 16 (0.091%) Campfire
6 14 (0.080%) Adobe XD
6 14 (0.080%) Microsoft Excel
7 13 (0.074%) Spreadsheet
8 12 (0.068%) InVision
8 12 (0.068%) Photoshop
9 8 (0.046%) LaTeX
10 6 (0.034%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 3 (0.017%) CPLEX
12 1 (0.006%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 74 (0.42%) Distributed Ledger
2 63 (0.36%) R3 Corda
3 41 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
4 36 (0.21%) Shopify
5 24 (0.14%) Oracle ERP
6 23 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
7 20 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
8 19 (0.11%) Sentinel
9 3 (0.017%) SAP Hybris
10 2 (0.011%) Cloudability
10 2 (0.011%) Magento
10 2 (0.011%) NetSuite
10 2 (0.011%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 2 (0.011%) SystmOne
11 1 (0.006%) assyst
11 1 (0.006%) Dynamics GP
11 1 (0.006%) Endur
11 1 (0.006%) Loan IQ
11 1 (0.006%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
11 1 (0.006%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 9,673 (55.10%) AWS
2 6,430 (36.63%) Azure
3 4,683 (26.67%) GCP
4 2,330 (13.27%) Serverless
5 1,750 (9.97%) GitHub
6 1,699 (9.68%) SaaS
7 1,321 (7.52%) AWS CloudFormation
8 1,156 (6.58%) AWS Lambda
9 1,034 (5.89%) OpenShift
10 913 (5.20%) PaaS
11 787 (4.48%) Amazon S3
12 728 (4.15%) Cloud Computing
13 708 (4.03%) Amazon EKS
14 688 (3.92%) Amazon EC2
15 620 (3.53%) Amazon ECS
16 608 (3.46%) IaaS
17 495 (2.82%) Datadog
18 470 (2.68%) Cloud Functions
19 449 (2.56%) GitHub Actions
20 428 (2.44%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 648 (3.69%) Firewall
2 630 (3.59%) Internet
3 419 (2.39%) HTTP
4 334 (1.90%) DNS
5 198 (1.13%) Broadband
6 192 (1.09%) VPN
7 178 (1.01%) PPP
8 176 (1.00%) TCP/IP
9 150 (0.85%) Network Security
10 97 (0.55%) DHCP
11 80 (0.46%) LAN
12 78 (0.44%) WAN
13 75 (0.43%) SSH
14 74 (0.42%) MQTT
15 61 (0.35%) Software-Defined Networking
15 61 (0.35%) SSL
16 57 (0.32%) AMQP
17 53 (0.30%) VoIP
18 52 (0.30%) SAN
19 50 (0.28%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,903 (16.54%) PostgreSQL
2 2,365 (13.47%) NoSQL
3 1,647 (9.38%) MongoDB
4 1,553 (8.85%) MySQL
5 1,433 (8.16%) Relational Database
6 1,360 (7.75%) Redis
7 1,271 (7.24%) Big Data
8 1,068 (6.08%) SQL Server
9 593 (3.38%) Apache Cassandra
10 559 (3.18%) BigQuery
11 506 (2.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 383 (2.18%) Amazon RDS
13 372 (2.12%) Hadoop
14 355 (2.02%) Amazon Aurora
15 324 (1.85%) Flink
16 311 (1.77%) Data Warehouse
17 286 (1.63%) RDBMS
18 233 (1.33%) Amazon Redshift
19 218 (1.24%) Data Lake
20 178 (1.01%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 4,044 (23.03%) Jenkins
2 3,763 (21.43%) Git (software)
3 1,273 (7.25%) JIRA
4 1,221 (6.95%) GitLab
5 848 (4.83%) Maven
6 699 (3.98%) Gradle
7 509 (2.90%) Cypress.io
7 509 (2.90%) TeamCity
8 487 (2.77%) Selenium
9 474 (2.70%) CircleCI
10 446 (2.54%) Bitbucket
11 435 (2.48%) JUnit
12 424 (2.42%) webpack
13 401 (2.28%) Octopus Deploy
14 373 (2.12%) Subversion
15 363 (2.07%) SonarQube
16 342 (1.95%) Cucumber
17 263 (1.50%) Team Foundation Server
17 263 (1.50%) Travis CI
18 258 (1.47%) Postman
General
1 4,848 (27.61%) Finance
2 3,112 (17.73%) Social Skills
3 1,521 (8.66%) Banking
4 1,246 (7.10%) Games
5 1,241 (7.07%) Retail
6 1,235 (7.03%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 1,059 (6.03%) Analytical Skills
8 823 (4.69%) Public Sector
9 666 (3.79%) Marketing
10 657 (3.74%) Manufacturing
11 383 (2.18%) Legal
12 333 (1.90%) Telecoms
13 290 (1.65%) Law
14 251 (1.43%) Advertising
15 242 (1.38%) Presentation Skills
16 225 (1.28%) Organisational Skills
17 196 (1.12%) Financial Institution
18 162 (0.92%) Back Office
19 142 (0.81%) Tech for Good
20 123 (0.70%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 4,863 (27.70%) Developer
2 3,348 (19.07%) DevOps Engineer
3 3,244 (18.48%) Software Engineer
4 1,423 (8.11%) Senior Developer
5 1,279 (7.29%) Senior Software Engineer
6 1,130 (6.44%) Java Developer
7 1,117 (6.36%) Cloud Engineer
8 1,001 (5.70%) Java Engineer
9 961 (5.47%) Senior DevOps
10 883 (5.03%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 828 (4.72%) Full Stack Developer
12 751 (4.28%) Architect
13 602 (3.43%) AWS Engineer
14 592 (3.37%) Data Engineer
15 499 (2.84%) Senior Java Engineer
16 477 (2.72%) Senior Java Developer
17 430 (2.45%) Site Reliability Engineer
18 420 (2.39%) Software Developer
19 390 (2.22%) Platform Engineer
20 375 (2.14%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,179 (23.80%) React
2 3,219 (18.34%) Kafka
3 2,931 (16.70%) Node.js
4 2,353 (13.40%) Spring
5 2,172 (12.37%) .NET
6 1,883 (10.73%) Spring Boot
7 1,865 (10.62%) RESTful
8 1,748 (9.96%) REST
9 1,336 (7.61%) CSS
10 1,317 (7.50%) AngularJS
11 1,127 (6.42%) HTML
12 1,079 (6.15%) GraphQL
13 1,045 (5.95%) .NET Core
14 938 (5.34%) RabbitMQ
15 795 (4.53%) Vue.js
16 714 (4.07%) Elastic Stack
17 650 (3.70%) ASP.NET
18 634 (3.61%) Web Services
19 580 (3.30%) Django
20 570 (3.25%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 1,640 (9.34%) Cloud Native
2 1,252 (7.13%) Algorithms
3 1,147 (6.53%) Greenfield Project
4 986 (5.62%) Public Cloud
5 932 (5.31%) User Experience
6 837 (4.77%) Data Structures
7 799 (4.55%) Virtual Team
8 544 (3.10%) Linux Command Line
9 501 (2.85%) Mobile App
10 491 (2.80%) Blog
11 478 (2.72%) Life Science
12 437 (2.49%) Self-Motivation
13 415 (2.36%) Blockchain
14 382 (2.18%) Social Media
15 357 (2.03%) Enterprise Software
16 321 (1.83%) Data Centre
17 303 (1.73%) Sports Betting
18 268 (1.53%) IoT
19 236 (1.34%) Private Cloud
20 224 (1.28%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 4,091 (23.30%) Linux
2 1,258 (7.17%) Windows
3 974 (5.55%) Unix
4 313 (1.78%) Windows Server
5 275 (1.57%) Android
6 221 (1.26%) Apple iOS
7 211 (1.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 158 (0.90%) CentOS
9 144 (0.82%) Ubuntu
10 122 (0.69%) Mesosphere
11 106 (0.60%) VMS
12 77 (0.44%) Mac OS
13 46 (0.26%) Debian
14 32 (0.18%) Alpine Linux
15 30 (0.17%) Windows 10
16 29 (0.17%) Mac OS X
17 26 (0.15%) AIX
17 26 (0.15%) CoreOS
18 25 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
19 16 (0.091%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,115 (51.92%) Agile
2 8,399 (47.84%) DevOps
3 7,129 (40.61%) CI/CD
4 6,031 (34.35%) Software Engineering
5 5,969 (34.00%) Microservices
6 3,252 (18.52%) TDD
7 3,222 (18.35%) Infrastructure as Code
8 2,778 (15.82%) Test Automation
9 2,494 (14.21%) Mentoring
10 2,471 (14.07%) Scrum
11 2,465 (14.04%) Full Stack Development
12 2,328 (13.26%) Problem-Solving
13 2,162 (12.31%) Continuous Integration
14 1,705 (9.71%) Open Source
15 1,672 (9.52%) Coaching
16 1,592 (9.07%) Machine Learning
17 1,537 (8.75%) Configuration Management
18 1,525 (8.69%) BDD
19 1,522 (8.67%) Data Science
20 1,513 (8.62%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 6,872 (39.14%) Python
2 6,480 (36.91%) Java
3 4,358 (24.82%) JavaScript
4 3,701 (21.08%) SQL
5 2,958 (16.85%) Go
6 2,255 (12.84%) TypeScript
7 2,250 (12.82%) C#
8 1,910 (10.88%) Bash
9 1,377 (7.84%) PowerShell
10 1,264 (7.20%) Ruby
11 1,122 (6.39%) Kotlin
12 1,049 (5.98%) Scala
13 843 (4.80%) PHP
14 562 (3.20%) Shell Script
15 511 (2.91%) Groovy
16 444 (2.53%) Rust
17 434 (2.47%) C++
18 388 (2.21%) Perl
19 340 (1.94%) T-SQL
20 328 (1.87%) ES6
Qualifications
1 1,461 (8.32%) Degree
2 666 (3.79%) Computer Science Degree
3 647 (3.69%) Security Cleared
4 460 (2.62%) SC Cleared
5 324 (1.85%) AWS Certification
6 136 (0.77%) Master's Degree
7 113 (0.64%) Microsoft Certification
8 87 (0.50%) PMI Certification
9 75 (0.43%) OCP
9 75 (0.43%) Oracle Certification
10 68 (0.39%) DV Cleared
11 62 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
12 58 (0.33%) CISSP
13 44 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
14 43 (0.24%) PhD
15 41 (0.23%) ISTQB
16 39 (0.22%) (ISC)2 CCSP
17 32 (0.18%) CESG Certified Professional
18 30 (0.17%) ISEB
19 29 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,033 (5.88%) QA
2 169 (0.96%) Accessibility
3 139 (0.79%) GDPR
4 134 (0.76%) SLA
5 125 (0.71%) Data Quality
6 110 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 73 (0.42%) PCI DSS
8 69 (0.39%) SOC 2
9 51 (0.29%) NIST
10 41 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 33 (0.19%) HIPAA
12 32 (0.18%) IASME
13 26 (0.15%) GRC
14 24 (0.14%) GxP
15 20 (0.11%) SOC 1
16 13 (0.074%) Cyber Essentials
17 10 (0.057%) PMO
17 10 (0.057%) WCAG
18 9 (0.051%) ISO 9001
19 8 (0.046%) FISMA
System Software
1 12,480 (71.09%) Docker
2 326 (1.86%) Virtual Machines
3 323 (1.84%) VMware Infrastructure
4 218 (1.24%) Active Directory
5 162 (0.92%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 82 (0.47%) KVM
7 77 (0.44%) Hyper-V
8 75 (0.43%) vSphere
9 66 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
10 48 (0.27%) LXC
11 47 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
12 40 (0.23%) Xen
13 34 (0.19%) Apache Flume
13 34 (0.19%) Firmware
14 25 (0.14%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 23 (0.13%) Ceph
16 21 (0.12%) ISA Server
17 19 (0.11%) NFS
17 19 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
18 15 (0.085%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 5,849 (33.32%) Terraform
2 3,377 (19.24%) Ansible
3 1,447 (8.24%) Puppet
4 1,210 (6.89%) Opscode Chef
5 1,138 (6.48%) Prometheus
6 944 (5.38%) Grafana
7 428 (2.44%) Istio
8 293 (1.67%) Kibana
9 261 (1.49%) Docker Swarm
10 200 (1.14%) Consul
11 185 (1.05%) Packer
12 162 (0.92%) Rancher
13 156 (0.89%) logstash
14 150 (0.85%) ZABBIX
15 121 (0.69%) Automic
16 99 (0.56%) HAProxy
17 78 (0.44%) Nagios
18 66 (0.38%) Graphite
19 64 (0.36%) Mesos
20 62 (0.35%) Graylog
Vendors
1 2,252 (12.83%) Google
2 1,434 (8.17%) Microsoft
3 668 (3.80%) Oracle
4 535 (3.05%) Splunk
5 418 (2.38%) VMware
6 378 (2.15%) Twitter
7 326 (1.86%) Red Hat
8 163 (0.93%) Atlassian
9 154 (0.88%) New Relic
10 148 (0.84%) SAP
11 139 (0.79%) IBM
12 134 (0.76%) Spotify
13 130 (0.74%) SaltStack
14 123 (0.70%) AppDynamics
15 121 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
16 115 (0.66%) Cisco
17 106 (0.60%) Dynatrace
18 101 (0.58%) Databricks
19 94 (0.54%) ServiceNow
20 86 (0.49%) PagerDuty