Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 24 30 61
Rank change year-on-year +6 +31 +63
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 11,331 4,953 5,750
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 8.85% 7.83% 4.57%
As % of the Systems Management category 53.83% 47.57% 35.35%
Number of salaries quoted 6,800 4,138 4,640
10th Percentile £47,500 £42,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £56,250 £51,250 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £67,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -3.57% +7.69%
75th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £86,250
90th Percentile £112,500 £100,000 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 21,050 10,413 16,268
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.44% 16.46% 12.93%
Number of salaries quoted 13,376 8,628 12,582
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £50,000 £46,250 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +12.00% +4.17% +4.35%
75th Percentile £87,500 £78,750 £77,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £93,750 £93,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% -

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +5 9,862 £75,000 +11.11% 1,497
London +3 6,133 £85,000 +9.68% 904
UK excluding London +1 3,966 £62,500 +8.70% 661
Work from Home +4 2,736 £75,000 +20.00% 372
North of England +5 1,211 £60,000 +4.35% 169
South East +6 1,072 £70,000 +21.74% 128
North West +6 603 £65,000 +11.11% 109
Yorkshire +5 512 £57,500 - 45
Midlands +4 478 £62,500 +4.17% 116
South West +5 440 £67,350 +28.29% 65
Scotland +4 373 £70,000 +36.59% 68
West Midlands -10 325 £62,500 +4.17% 84
East of England +15 247 £70,000 +12.00% 93
East Midlands +15 147 £65,000 +23.81% 32
Wales -11 119 £55,000 +15.79% 15
North East +25 97 £55,000 +7.32% 15
Northern Ireland -1 64 £57,500 +9.52% 8
Isle of Man +14 1 £45,000 -

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 8,212 (72.47%) Docker
2 6,196 (54.68%) AWS
3 6,107 (53.90%) DevOps
4 5,345 (47.17%) Agile Software Development
5 4,495 (39.67%) CI/CD
6 4,386 (38.71%) Azure
7 4,117 (36.33%) Terraform
8 3,983 (35.15%) Python
9 3,922 (34.61%) Java
10 3,624 (31.98%) Software Engineering
11 3,332 (29.41%) Microservices
12 2,993 (26.41%) GCP
13 2,900 (25.59%) React
14 2,778 (24.52%) JavaScript
15 2,590 (22.86%) Jenkins
16 2,512 (22.17%) Finance
17 2,450 (21.62%) Linux
18 2,206 (19.47%) Ansible
19 2,068 (18.25%) Git (software)
20 2,021 (17.84%) Social Skills
21 2,018 (17.81%) Infrastructure as Code
22 1,992 (17.58%) Node.js
23 1,875 (16.55%) SQL
24 1,842 (16.26%) Go
25 1,799 (15.88%) C#
26 1,703 (15.03%) Full Stack Development
27 1,701 (15.01%) TDD
28 1,664 (14.69%) Kafka
29 1,581 (13.95%) TypeScript
30 1,477 (13.04%) .NET

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 607 (5.36%) Elasticsearch
2 431 (3.80%) Apache Spark
3 310 (2.74%) Apache
4 306 (2.70%) Confluence
5 183 (1.62%) Apache Airflow
6 162 (1.43%) nginx
7 115 (1.01%) OpenStack
8 99 (0.87%) Apache Solr
9 87 (0.77%) IIS
10 77 (0.68%) Tomcat
11 72 (0.64%) Cloud Foundry
12 64 (0.56%) uWSGI
13 50 (0.44%) CMS
14 48 (0.42%) Jupyter
15 46 (0.41%) JBoss
16 33 (0.29%) Ethereum
17 29 (0.26%) WebLogic
18 27 (0.24%) Camunda
19 25 (0.22%) Jetty
19 25 (0.22%) Mule
Applications
1 34 (0.30%) Sketch
2 22 (0.19%) InVision
3 17 (0.15%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
4 14 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
5 11 (0.097%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 10 (0.088%) Adobe XD
7 9 (0.079%) Chatbot
7 9 (0.079%) Spreadsheet
8 5 (0.044%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.018%) LaTeX
10 1 (0.009%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 37 (0.33%) Distributed Ledger
2 21 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
3 15 (0.13%) Shopify
4 14 (0.12%) R3 Corda
5 13 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
5 13 (0.11%) Sentinel
6 10 (0.088%) Oracle BPM
6 10 (0.088%) Payment Gateway
7 6 (0.053%) NetSuite
8 4 (0.035%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 3 (0.026%) Loan IQ
10 2 (0.018%) Magento
10 2 (0.018%) SAP Hybris
11 1 (0.009%) Dynamics NAV
11 1 (0.009%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 6,196 (54.68%) AWS
2 4,386 (38.71%) Azure
3 2,993 (26.41%) GCP
4 1,382 (12.20%) Serverless
5 1,026 (9.05%) SaaS
6 1,004 (8.86%) GitHub
7 817 (7.21%) AWS CloudFormation
8 701 (6.19%) PaaS
9 691 (6.10%) OpenShift
10 597 (5.27%) AWS Lambda
11 452 (3.99%) Amazon S3
12 448 (3.95%) IaaS
13 434 (3.83%) Amazon EKS
14 344 (3.04%) Cloud Computing
15 323 (2.85%) Amazon EC2
16 299 (2.64%) Amazon ECS
17 294 (2.59%) Amazon SQS
18 212 (1.87%) GitHub Actions
19 185 (1.63%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 174 (1.54%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 361 (3.19%) Firewall
2 251 (2.22%) HTTP
3 179 (1.58%) DNS
4 126 (1.11%) Kerberos
5 125 (1.10%) TCP/IP
6 124 (1.09%) Internet
7 112 (0.99%) VPN
8 97 (0.86%) Broadband
9 92 (0.81%) Network Security
10 50 (0.44%) DHCP
11 49 (0.43%) WAN
12 46 (0.41%) IPv6
13 45 (0.40%) SSH
14 41 (0.36%) LAN
15 38 (0.34%) SSL
16 31 (0.27%) MQTT
17 30 (0.26%) 5G
18 29 (0.26%) SAN
18 29 (0.26%) SMTP
19 27 (0.24%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,285 (11.34%) PostgreSQL
2 1,236 (10.91%) NoSQL
3 989 (8.73%) MySQL
4 937 (8.27%) MongoDB
5 787 (6.95%) Redis
6 648 (5.72%) Big Data
7 635 (5.60%) Relational Database
8 581 (5.13%) SQL Server
9 440 (3.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 317 (2.80%) Apache Cassandra
11 296 (2.61%) Amazon RDS
12 268 (2.37%) Hadoop
13 228 (2.01%) Blockchain
14 168 (1.48%) BigQuery
14 168 (1.48%) Data Lake
15 165 (1.46%) RDBMS
16 157 (1.39%) Amazon Aurora
17 152 (1.34%) Azure SQL Database
18 150 (1.32%) Amazon Redshift
19 143 (1.26%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 2,590 (22.86%) Jenkins
2 2,068 (18.25%) Git (software)
3 810 (7.15%) GitLab
4 624 (5.51%) JIRA
5 508 (4.48%) Maven
6 384 (3.39%) TeamCity
7 321 (2.83%) Selenium
8 313 (2.76%) Octopus Deploy
9 287 (2.53%) Cypress.io
10 268 (2.37%) Gradle
11 264 (2.33%) JUnit
12 240 (2.12%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 230 (2.03%) Bitbucket
13 230 (2.03%) CircleCI
14 193 (1.70%) webpack
15 178 (1.57%) SonarQube
16 176 (1.55%) Cucumber
16 176 (1.55%) Team Foundation Server
17 162 (1.43%) Artifactory
18 151 (1.33%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 2,512 (22.17%) Finance
2 2,021 (17.84%) Social Skills
3 600 (5.30%) Retail
4 545 (4.81%) Banking
5 458 (4.04%) Public Sector
6 457 (4.03%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 455 (4.02%) Games
8 441 (3.89%) Analytical Skills
9 360 (3.18%) Marketing
10 229 (2.02%) Front Office
11 207 (1.83%) Law
12 191 (1.69%) Telecoms
13 149 (1.31%) Legal
14 143 (1.26%) Manufacturing
15 132 (1.16%) Presentation Skills
16 122 (1.08%) Advertising
17 103 (0.91%) Financial Institution
18 99 (0.87%) Publishing
19 98 (0.86%) Electronics
20 95 (0.84%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,118 (27.52%) Developer
2 2,333 (20.59%) DevOps Engineer
3 2,007 (17.71%) Software Engineer
4 786 (6.94%) Senior Developer
5 749 (6.61%) Java Developer
6 730 (6.44%) Architect
7 695 (6.13%) Senior Software Engineer
8 638 (5.63%) AWS Engineer
9 584 (5.15%) Cloud Engineer
10 530 (4.68%) Full Stack Developer
11 490 (4.32%) Java Engineer
12 467 (4.12%) Senior DevOps
13 446 (3.94%) AWS DevOps
14 426 (3.76%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 416 (3.67%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 406 (3.58%) React Developer
17 364 (3.21%) Platform Engineer
18 346 (3.05%) Site Reliability Engineer
19 341 (3.01%) Azure Engineer
20 320 (2.82%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,900 (25.59%) React
2 1,992 (17.58%) Node.js
3 1,664 (14.69%) Kafka
4 1,477 (13.04%) .NET
5 1,411 (12.45%) Spring
6 1,216 (10.73%) Spring Boot
7 1,042 (9.20%) REST
8 945 (8.34%) AngularJS
9 934 (8.24%) RESTful
10 799 (7.05%) .NET Core
11 701 (6.19%) GraphQL
12 665 (5.87%) HTML
13 634 (5.60%) CSS
14 553 (4.88%) Web Services
15 534 (4.71%) Vue.js
16 458 (4.04%) RabbitMQ
17 361 (3.19%) JSON
18 352 (3.11%) Elastic Stack
19 345 (3.04%) Redux
20 320 (2.82%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 891 (7.86%) Cloud Native
2 695 (6.13%) Greenfield Project
3 627 (5.53%) Public Cloud
4 552 (4.87%) User Experience
5 516 (4.55%) Algorithms
6 353 (3.12%) Virtual Team
7 314 (2.77%) Self-Motivation
8 309 (2.73%) Mobile App
9 277 (2.44%) Enterprise Software
10 210 (1.85%) Data Structures
11 198 (1.75%) Social Media
12 188 (1.66%) Data Centre
13 183 (1.62%) Hedge funds
14 181 (1.60%) Blog
15 131 (1.16%) Equities
16 121 (1.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 121 (1.07%) Private Cloud
17 117 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
18 114 (1.01%) Enterprise Cloud
19 111 (0.98%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 2,450 (21.62%) Linux
2 637 (5.62%) Windows
3 476 (4.20%) Unix
4 184 (1.62%) Android
5 161 (1.42%) Apple iOS
6 159 (1.40%) Windows Server
7 157 (1.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 107 (0.94%) Ubuntu
9 100 (0.88%) CentOS
10 66 (0.58%) VMS
11 53 (0.47%) Debian
12 33 (0.29%) Mac OS
13 25 (0.22%) Mesosphere
14 24 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
15 19 (0.17%) CoreOS
16 16 (0.14%) Windows Server 2016
17 15 (0.13%) Alpine Linux
18 13 (0.11%) AIX
19 12 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
20 10 (0.088%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,107 (53.90%) DevOps
2 5,345 (47.17%) Agile Software Development
3 4,495 (39.67%) CI/CD
4 3,624 (31.98%) Software Engineering
5 3,332 (29.41%) Microservices
6 2,018 (17.81%) Infrastructure as Code
7 1,703 (15.03%) Full Stack Development
8 1,701 (15.01%) TDD
9 1,372 (12.11%) Problem-Solving
10 1,369 (12.08%) Scrum
11 1,305 (11.52%) Test Automation
12 1,275 (11.25%) Continuous Integration
13 1,120 (9.88%) Mentoring
14 1,014 (8.95%) Configuration Management
15 965 (8.52%) Computer Science
16 913 (8.06%) Analytics
17 903 (7.97%) Machine Learning
18 880 (7.77%) Fintech
19 827 (7.30%) Open Source
20 803 (7.09%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 3,983 (35.15%) Python
2 3,922 (34.61%) Java
3 2,778 (24.52%) JavaScript
4 1,875 (16.55%) SQL
5 1,842 (16.26%) Go
6 1,799 (15.88%) C#
7 1,581 (13.95%) TypeScript
8 1,198 (10.57%) Bash
9 830 (7.33%) PowerShell
10 739 (6.52%) Scala
11 706 (6.23%) Ruby
12 680 (6.00%) Kotlin
13 444 (3.92%) Java 8
14 383 (3.38%) C++
15 312 (2.75%) PHP
16 262 (2.31%) Groovy
17 213 (1.88%) ES6
18 203 (1.79%) Rust
19 186 (1.64%) C
20 164 (1.45%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,065 (9.40%) Degree
2 464 (4.09%) Security Cleared
3 455 (4.02%) Computer Science Degree
4 335 (2.96%) SC Cleared
5 261 (2.30%) AWS Certification
6 106 (0.94%) Master's Degree
7 77 (0.68%) Cisco Certification
8 57 (0.50%) Microsoft Certification
9 56 (0.49%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 52 (0.46%) OCP
10 52 (0.46%) Oracle Certification
11 49 (0.43%) CESG Certified Professional
11 49 (0.43%) PhD
12 47 (0.41%) CISSP
13 41 (0.36%) DBS Check
14 39 (0.34%) SANS
15 29 (0.26%) DV Cleared
16 28 (0.25%) GIAC
17 23 (0.20%) HND
18 17 (0.15%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 688 (6.07%) QA
2 100 (0.88%) Accessibility
3 88 (0.78%) GDPR
4 71 (0.63%) SLA
5 68 (0.60%) NIST
6 62 (0.55%) Data Quality
7 50 (0.44%) IASME
7 50 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 45 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 44 (0.39%) GxP
10 23 (0.20%) WCAG
11 22 (0.19%) PCI DSS
12 18 (0.16%) HIPAA
13 13 (0.11%) 21 CFR Part 11
14 9 (0.079%) GRC
15 8 (0.071%) PSD2
16 6 (0.053%) Sarbanes-Oxley
17 3 (0.026%) DICOM
18 2 (0.018%) CDISC
18 2 (0.018%) HL7
System Software
1 8,212 (72.47%) Docker
2 231 (2.04%) VMware Infrastructure
3 162 (1.43%) Virtual Machines
4 130 (1.15%) Active Directory
5 66 (0.58%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 53 (0.47%) Hyper-V
7 38 (0.34%) KVM
8 30 (0.26%) Firmware
9 29 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
10 26 (0.23%) VirtualBox
11 25 (0.22%) vSphere
12 23 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
13 21 (0.19%) Varnish
14 16 (0.14%) LXC
15 15 (0.13%) HDFS
15 15 (0.13%) NFS
16 14 (0.12%) Apache Flume
17 13 (0.11%) Ceph
18 11 (0.097%) Citrix Hypervisor
19 10 (0.088%) Xen
Systems Management
1 4,117 (36.33%) Terraform
2 2,206 (19.47%) Ansible
3 1,053 (9.29%) Puppet
4 827 (7.30%) Opscode Chef
5 651 (5.75%) Grafana
6 607 (5.36%) Prometheus
7 248 (2.19%) Istio
8 158 (1.39%) Packer
9 138 (1.22%) Kibana
10 134 (1.18%) Docker Swarm
11 104 (0.92%) Consul
12 91 (0.80%) Rancher
13 60 (0.53%) Nagios
14 56 (0.49%) ZABBIX
15 53 (0.47%) CASB
16 51 (0.45%) logstash
17 47 (0.41%) HAProxy
18 40 (0.35%) Graphite
19 34 (0.30%) Salt
20 33 (0.29%) Mesos
Vendors
1 1,371 (12.10%) Google
2 799 (7.05%) Microsoft
3 398 (3.51%) Oracle
4 295 (2.60%) VMware
5 234 (2.07%) Red Hat
6 205 (1.81%) Splunk
7 138 (1.22%) New Relic
8 122 (1.08%) SaltStack
9 121 (1.07%) SAP
10 120 (1.06%) IBM
11 91 (0.80%) Dynatrace
12 83 (0.73%) Databricks
13 77 (0.68%) Apple
13 77 (0.68%) Twitter
14 63 (0.56%) Facebook
15 62 (0.55%) Cisco
15 62 (0.55%) Cloudera
16 61 (0.54%) AppDynamics
17 60 (0.53%) LexisNexis
18 56 (0.49%) Spotify