Period
to 23 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 23 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 62 157 344
Rank change year-on-year +95 +187 +468
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 6,028 3,595 1,682
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.31% 2.17% 0.96%
As % of the Systems Management category 32.93% 20.70% 10.68%
Number of salaries quoted 4,791 2,918 1,374
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £67,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% -3.70% -6.90%
10th Percentile £42,500 £40,388 £43,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £93,750 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 18,304 17,368 15,745
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.07% 10.51% 8.96%
Number of salaries quoted 13,755 13,829 12,792
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,500 £30,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +93 5,623 £70,000 +3.70% 1,027
London +66 3,534 £75,000 - 610
UK excluding London +131 2,378 £55,000 - 473
South East +128 744 £60,000 +9.09% 114
North of England +42 489 £55,000 +4.76% 89
South West +148 409 £55,000 +10.00% 76
Scotland +127 251 £55,000 - 37
Yorkshire +43 241 £52,500 +2.44% 29
North West +21 220 £60,000 +14.29% 53
Midlands +107 209 £52,500 - 58
East of England +66 193 £55,000 -4.35% 81
West Midlands +68 120 £55,000 - 41
East Midlands +75 89 £50,000 +8.70% 17
Northern Ireland +19 47 £46,250 +2.78% 7
Wales +20 43 £45,000 -8.24% 14
North East +29 28 £50,000 -4.76% 7

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 4,961 (82.30%) Docker
2 3,652 (60.58%) DevOps
3 3,455 (57.32%) AWS
4 2,781 (46.13%) Agile Software Development
5 2,450 (40.64%) Python
6 2,390 (39.65%) Java
7 2,170 (36.00%) Azure
8 2,111 (35.02%) Linux
9 1,992 (33.05%) Terraform
10 1,935 (32.10%) Microservices
11 1,839 (30.51%) Ansible
12 1,666 (27.64%) Jenkins
13 1,511 (25.07%) GCP
14 1,397 (23.18%) Software Engineering
15 1,358 (22.53%) Puppet
16 1,203 (19.96%) JavaScript
17 1,170 (19.41%) Git (software)
18 1,067 (17.70%) Opscode Chef
19 1,041 (17.27%) Continuous Integration
20 975 (16.17%) Finance
21 932 (15.46%) SQL
22 900 (14.93%) Bash Shell
23 889 (14.75%) TDD
24 881 (14.62%) Google
25 855 (14.18%) Configuration Management
26 838 (13.90%) Go
27 813 (13.49%) Node.js
28 769 (12.76%) React
29 744 (12.34%) .NET
30 734 (12.18%) C#

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 368 (6.10%) Elasticsearch
2 328 (5.44%) Apache Spark
3 238 (3.95%) Confluence
4 209 (3.47%) Apache
5 181 (3.00%) OpenStack
6 165 (2.74%) nginx
7 137 (2.27%) Tomcat
8 78 (1.29%) Cloud Foundry
9 68 (1.13%) IIS
10 66 (1.09%) WebLogic
11 64 (1.06%) JBoss
12 57 (0.95%) CMS
13 35 (0.58%) WebSphere
14 34 (0.56%) Skype for Business
15 33 (0.55%) Drupal
16 31 (0.51%) SharePoint
17 30 (0.50%) WordPress
18 29 (0.48%) Sitecore CMS
19 22 (0.36%) SAS
20 17 (0.28%) CloudStack
Applications
1 21 (0.35%) Chatbot
2 8 (0.13%) Adobe Premiere
3 6 (0.100%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.083%) Microsoft Excel
5 3 (0.050%) Fireworks
5 3 (0.050%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.033%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.033%) SPSS
6 2 (0.033%) Stata
7 1 (0.017%) HipChat
7 1 (0.017%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.017%) Sketch
7 1 (0.017%) Weka
Business Applications
1 90 (1.49%) Payment Gateway
2 6 (0.100%) Quorum
2 6 (0.100%) R3 Corda
3 3 (0.050%) SDL Web 8
4 2 (0.033%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.033%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.033%) Magento
4 2 (0.033%) NetSuite
4 2 (0.033%) OpenCart
4 2 (0.033%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.033%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.017%) Dynamics GP
5 1 (0.017%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 1 (0.017%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.017%) Revive Adserver
5 1 (0.017%) Sage 200
5 1 (0.017%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 3,455 (57.32%) AWS
2 2,170 (36.00%) Azure
3 1,511 (25.07%) GCP
4 511 (8.48%) OpenShift
5 440 (7.30%) SaaS
6 421 (6.98%) Serverless
7 418 (6.93%) AWS CloudFormation
8 407 (6.75%) PaaS
9 308 (5.11%) Amazon EC2
10 289 (4.79%) IaaS
11 287 (4.76%) AWS Lambda
12 270 (4.48%) Amazon ECS
13 258 (4.28%) Amazon S3
14 250 (4.15%) GitHub
15 171 (2.84%) Cloud Computing
16 138 (2.29%) Amazon SQS
17 95 (1.58%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 92 (1.53%) Office 365
19 81 (1.34%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 78 (1.29%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 275 (4.56%) Firewall
2 180 (2.99%) TCP/IP
3 153 (2.54%) VPN
4 120 (1.99%) Internet
5 109 (1.81%) HTTP
6 79 (1.31%) DNS
7 65 (1.08%) HTTPS
8 54 (0.90%) Network Security
9 46 (0.76%) Skype
10 39 (0.65%) WAN
11 38 (0.63%) LAN
12 33 (0.55%) DHCP
13 31 (0.51%) VLAN
14 30 (0.50%) SSL
15 25 (0.41%) MPLS
16 24 (0.40%) WLAN
17 23 (0.38%) Wireshark
18 17 (0.28%) Cisco ASA
19 13 (0.22%) BIG-IP
20 12 (0.20%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 509 (8.44%) NoSQL
2 470 (7.80%) MySQL
3 466 (7.73%) MongoDB
4 410 (6.80%) Big Data
5 393 (6.52%) PostgreSQL
6 349 (5.79%) SQL Server
7 244 (4.05%) Amazon RDS
8 240 (3.98%) Apache Cassandra
9 222 (3.68%) Relational Database
10 200 (3.32%) Redis
11 190 (3.15%) Hadoop
12 129 (2.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 111 (1.84%) Amazon Redshift
14 94 (1.56%) Blockchain
15 93 (1.54%) RDBMS
16 56 (0.93%) Azure SQL Database
17 55 (0.91%) MariaDB
18 50 (0.83%) Cosmos DB
18 50 (0.83%) Hazelcast
19 48 (0.80%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 1,666 (27.64%) Jenkins
2 1,170 (19.41%) Git (software)
3 453 (7.51%) JIRA
4 310 (5.14%) TeamCity
5 277 (4.60%) GitLab
6 267 (4.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 267 (4.43%) Maven
7 235 (3.90%) Bitbucket
8 182 (3.02%) Selenium
9 154 (2.55%) Gradle
10 150 (2.49%) Artifactory
11 148 (2.46%) CircleCI
12 142 (2.36%) Octopus Deploy
13 139 (2.31%) Cucumber
14 123 (2.04%) Visual Studio Team System
15 117 (1.94%) Travis CI
15 117 (1.94%) Vagrant
16 113 (1.87%) Team Foundation Server
17 103 (1.71%) JUnit
18 98 (1.63%) Subversion
General
1 975 (16.17%) Finance
2 383 (6.35%) Banking
3 200 (3.32%) Retail
4 147 (2.44%) Games
5 138 (2.29%) Public Sector
6 129 (2.14%) Front Office
7 124 (2.06%) Marketing
8 100 (1.66%) Law
9 66 (1.09%) Telecoms
10 55 (0.91%) Advertising
11 44 (0.73%) Automotive
12 41 (0.68%) Legal
13 40 (0.66%) Investment Banking
14 39 (0.65%) Manufacturing
15 38 (0.63%) Publishing
16 17 (0.28%) Billing
16 17 (0.28%) Retail Banking
17 16 (0.27%) Electronics
18 13 (0.22%) Back Office
19 12 (0.20%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,862 (30.89%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,575 (26.13%) Developer
3 556 (9.22%) Java Developer
4 520 (8.63%) AWS Engineer
5 504 (8.36%) Software Engineer
6 422 (7.00%) Cloud Engineer
7 415 (6.88%) Senior DevOps
8 369 (6.12%) Architect
9 358 (5.94%) Senior Developer
10 357 (5.92%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 330 (5.47%) AWS DevOps
12 300 (4.98%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 289 (4.79%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 256 (4.25%) Platform Engineer
15 242 (4.01%) Java Engineer
16 230 (3.82%) Linux Engineer
17 215 (3.57%) .NET Developer
18 207 (3.43%) Consultant
19 192 (3.19%) Python Engineer
20 183 (3.04%) Lead DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 813 (13.49%) Node.js
2 769 (12.76%) React
3 744 (12.34%) .NET
4 717 (11.89%) Spring
5 668 (11.08%) Kafka
6 607 (10.07%) REST
7 590 (9.79%) Web Services
8 583 (9.67%) AngularJS
9 471 (7.81%) Spring Boot
10 407 (6.75%) HTML
11 368 (6.10%) RESTful
12 355 (5.89%) CSS
13 326 (5.41%) Elastic Stack
14 319 (5.29%) .NET Core
15 240 (3.98%) RabbitMQ
16 232 (3.85%) ASP.NET
17 227 (3.77%) JSON
18 207 (3.43%) Vue.js
19 198 (3.28%) HTML5
20 168 (2.79%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 413 (6.85%) Greenfield Project
2 368 (6.10%) Public Cloud
3 330 (5.47%) Analytical Skills
4 299 (4.96%) Cloud Native
5 216 (3.58%) Hybrid Cloud
6 215 (3.57%) Enterprise Software
7 202 (3.35%) Data Centre
8 177 (2.94%) Algorithms
9 169 (2.80%) User Experience
10 137 (2.27%) Mobile App
11 131 (2.17%) Linux Command Line
12 123 (2.04%) Self-Motivation
13 115 (1.91%) Data Structures
14 86 (1.43%) Hedge funds
15 85 (1.41%) Fixed Income
16 77 (1.28%) Private Cloud
17 65 (1.08%) Virtual Team
18 63 (1.05%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
19 57 (0.95%) Blog
20 50 (0.83%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 2,111 (35.02%) Linux
2 638 (10.58%) Windows
3 352 (5.84%) Unix
4 223 (3.70%) CentOS
5 164 (2.72%) Windows Server
6 155 (2.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 128 (2.12%) Ubuntu
8 117 (1.94%) Android
9 105 (1.74%) Apple iOS
10 46 (0.76%) Debian
11 35 (0.58%) Mesosphere
12 29 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
13 27 (0.45%) Fedora
14 26 (0.43%) Solaris
15 17 (0.28%) Kali Linux
15 17 (0.28%) SUSE
16 13 (0.22%) CoreOS
16 13 (0.22%) Mac OS
17 11 (0.18%) Mac OS X
18 10 (0.17%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,652 (60.58%) DevOps
2 2,781 (46.13%) Agile Software Development
3 1,935 (32.10%) Microservices
4 1,397 (23.18%) Software Engineering
5 1,041 (17.27%) Continuous Integration
6 889 (14.75%) TDD
7 855 (14.18%) Configuration Management
8 733 (12.16%) Scrum
9 724 (12.01%) Open Source
10 713 (11.83%) Infrastructure as Code
11 661 (10.97%) Test Automation
12 613 (10.17%) Continuous Delivery
13 574 (9.52%) Problem-Solving
14 543 (9.01%) Mentoring
15 528 (8.76%) Fintech
16 459 (7.61%) Computer Science
17 388 (6.44%) Machine Learning
18 383 (6.35%) BDD
19 362 (6.01%) Migration
20 354 (5.87%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 2,450 (40.64%) Python
2 2,390 (39.65%) Java
3 1,203 (19.96%) JavaScript
4 932 (15.46%) SQL
5 900 (14.93%) Bash Shell
6 838 (13.90%) Go
7 734 (12.18%) C#
8 650 (10.78%) Ruby
9 506 (8.39%) PowerShell
10 355 (5.89%) Scala
11 333 (5.52%) Java 8
12 307 (5.09%) TypeScript
13 305 (5.06%) PHP
14 298 (4.94%) C++
15 242 (4.01%) Perl
16 221 (3.67%) Kotlin
17 139 (2.31%) Shell Script
18 133 (2.21%) C
19 106 (1.76%) R
20 100 (1.66%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 541 (8.97%) Degree
2 234 (3.88%) Computer Science Degree
3 158 (2.62%) Security Cleared
4 137 (2.27%) AWS Certification
5 77 (1.28%) Microsoft Certification
5 77 (1.28%) SC Cleared
6 70 (1.16%) Cisco Certification
7 61 (1.01%) CCNA
8 59 (0.98%) CISSP
9 51 (0.85%) Master's Degree
10 47 (0.78%) PhD
11 45 (0.75%) MCSE
12 43 (0.71%) DV Cleared
13 41 (0.68%) CompTIA Security+
13 41 (0.68%) SANS
14 40 (0.66%) GIAC
14 40 (0.66%) Linux+ Certification
14 40 (0.66%) Network+ Certification
14 40 (0.66%) SSCP
15 36 (0.60%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 249 (4.13%) QA
2 55 (0.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 35 (0.58%) GDPR
4 31 (0.51%) SLA
5 29 (0.48%) Data Quality
6 18 (0.30%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.083%) HIPAA
7 5 (0.083%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 4 (0.066%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 4 (0.066%) PSD2
8 4 (0.066%) SEPA
9 2 (0.033%) FedRAMP
9 2 (0.033%) NCSC
10 1 (0.017%) PMO
System Software
1 4,961 (82.30%) Docker
2 147 (2.44%) VMware Infrastructure
3 138 (2.29%) Active Directory
4 73 (1.21%) Hyper-V
5 53 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
6 50 (0.83%) VirtualBox
7 44 (0.73%) KVM
8 41 (0.68%) vSphere
9 38 (0.63%) Oracle RAC
10 32 (0.53%) VMware ESXi
11 31 (0.51%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 29 (0.48%) oVirt
13 24 (0.40%) RHEV
14 23 (0.38%) NFS
15 21 (0.35%) VMware NSX
15 21 (0.35%) Xen
16 16 (0.27%) Ceph
16 16 (0.27%) etcd
16 16 (0.27%) XenApp
17 13 (0.22%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1,992 (33.05%) Terraform
2 1,839 (30.51%) Ansible
3 1,358 (22.53%) Puppet
4 1,067 (17.70%) Opscode Chef
5 316 (5.24%) Docker Swarm
6 310 (5.14%) Prometheus
7 238 (3.95%) Packer
8 186 (3.09%) Nagios
9 183 (3.04%) Grafana
10 161 (2.67%) Consul
11 145 (2.41%) Salt
12 143 (2.37%) Rancher
13 114 (1.89%) ZABBIX
14 110 (1.82%) Kibana
15 85 (1.41%) Istio
16 75 (1.24%) Mesos
17 74 (1.23%) Graphite
18 56 (0.93%) logstash
19 49 (0.81%) Opsview
20 35 (0.58%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 881 (14.62%) Google
2 432 (7.17%) Microsoft
3 273 (4.53%) Oracle
4 251 (4.16%) Red Hat
5 193 (3.20%) VMware
6 174 (2.89%) Splunk
7 86 (1.43%) WorldPay
8 81 (1.34%) Cisco
9 75 (1.24%) Atlassian
10 70 (1.16%) AppDynamics
11 69 (1.14%) CyberArk
12 67 (1.11%) SaltStack
13 55 (0.91%) Spotify
14 53 (0.88%) New Relic
15 52 (0.86%) IBM
16 44 (0.73%) Hortonworks
17 43 (0.71%) Cypress Semiconductor
18 42 (0.70%) Cloudera
19 41 (0.68%) ServiceNow
20 40 (0.66%) SAP