Period
to 24 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 24 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
24 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 27 59 118
Rank change year-on-year +32 +59 +155
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 4,976 5,703 4,281
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 7.83% 4.54% 2.82%
As % of the Systems Management category 47.92% 35.54% 24.81%
Number of salaries quoted 5,033 5,028 3,768
Median annual salary £65,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -7.14% +7.69% -
10th Percentile £41,250 £42,500 £41,250
90th Percentile £97,500 £100,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 10,384 16,048 17,253
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.33% 12.76% 11.37%
Number of salaries quoted 8,528 12,414 13,647
Median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +9.52%
10th Percentile £37,500 £32,075 £32,500
90th Percentile £93,750 £93,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +8.70%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 24 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 24 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +27 4,547 £67,500 -3.57% 1,132
London +16 2,596 £77,500 - 603
UK excluding London +67 2,147 £55,000 - 582
Work from Home +17 1,028 £62,500 -3.85% 253
South East +64 613 £58,492 -2.51% 116
North of England +57 594 £57,500 +4.55% 221
South West +39 317 £52,500 +5.00% 49
North West +65 299 £59,500 +1.28% 125
Yorkshire +31 267 £57,500 +4.55% 84
Midlands +87 256 £57,500 +8.70% 75
West Midlands +97 200 £60,000 +9.09% 50
Scotland +25 185 £50,000 +5.26% 39
East of England +24 87 £61,250 +6.52% 56
Wales +52 76 £47,500 +5.56% 17
East Midlands +51 55 £51,250 +2.50% 24
North East +31 27 £52,500 +23.53% 12
Northern Ireland +34 25 £52,500 -25.00% 9
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 24 January 2021, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 3,744 (75.24%) Docker
2 2,891 (58.10%) DevOps
3 2,658 (53.42%) AWS
4 2,179 (43.79%) Agile Software Development
5 1,972 (39.63%) Terraform
6 1,893 (38.04%) Python
7 1,873 (37.64%) Azure
8 1,589 (31.93%) Java
9 1,516 (30.47%) Microservices
10 1,319 (26.51%) Linux
11 1,160 (23.31%) Jenkins
12 1,154 (23.19%) JavaScript
13 1,132 (22.75%) Ansible
14 1,073 (21.56%) Software Engineering
15 1,057 (21.24%) GCP
16 995 (20.00%) Finance
17 979 (19.67%) SQL
18 890 (17.89%) C#
19 882 (17.73%) Git (software)
20 797 (16.02%) Puppet
21 781 (15.70%) TDD
22 763 (15.33%) Infrastructure as Code
23 750 (15.07%) Scrum
24 714 (14.35%) .NET
25 696 (13.99%) Node.js
26 674 (13.55%) Continuous Integration
27 670 (13.46%) React
28 668 (13.42%) Go
29 598 (12.02%) Kafka
30 595 (11.96%) Opscode Chef

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 279 (5.61%) Elasticsearch
2 200 (4.02%) Apache Spark
3 179 (3.60%) Apache
4 103 (2.07%) Confluence
5 74 (1.49%) Cloud Foundry
6 69 (1.39%) Apache Airflow
7 56 (1.13%) Tomcat
8 48 (0.96%) OpenStack
9 44 (0.88%) nginx
10 39 (0.78%) WebSphere
11 28 (0.56%) IIS
12 26 (0.52%) JBoss
13 23 (0.46%) CMS
14 20 (0.40%) WebLogic
15 17 (0.34%) ColdFusion
16 15 (0.30%) SharePoint
17 12 (0.24%) Apache Solr
18 11 (0.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 10 (0.20%) NServiceBus
19 10 (0.20%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 12 (0.24%) InVision
2 10 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (0.16%) Sketch
4 4 (0.080%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.020%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.020%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 21 (0.42%) Oracle Applications
2 18 (0.36%) SAP Hybris
3 15 (0.30%) R3 Corda
4 10 (0.20%) Sentinel
5 7 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
5 7 (0.14%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 7 (0.14%) Magento
6 5 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
6 5 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.080%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.020%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.020%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 2,658 (53.42%) AWS
2 1,873 (37.64%) Azure
3 1,057 (21.24%) GCP
4 420 (8.44%) AWS CloudFormation
5 405 (8.14%) Serverless
6 393 (7.90%) SaaS
7 318 (6.39%) PaaS
8 317 (6.37%) Amazon EKS
9 235 (4.72%) OpenShift
10 218 (4.38%) GitHub
11 214 (4.30%) Amazon ECS
11 214 (4.30%) AWS Lambda
12 205 (4.12%) IaaS
13 160 (3.22%) Datadog
14 143 (2.87%) Amazon S3
15 132 (2.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 124 (2.49%) Amazon EC2
17 104 (2.09%) Pulumi
18 93 (1.87%) Apigee
19 89 (1.79%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 135 (2.71%) Firewall
2 98 (1.97%) DNS
3 95 (1.91%) HTTP
4 92 (1.85%) TCP/IP
5 50 (1.00%) Network Security
6 49 (0.98%) VPN
7 41 (0.82%) Internet
8 28 (0.56%) WAN
9 27 (0.54%) HTTPS
10 26 (0.52%) DHCP
11 22 (0.44%) LAN
12 19 (0.38%) SAN
13 16 (0.32%) Intrusion Detection
14 14 (0.28%) Software-Defined Networking
14 14 (0.28%) SSH
15 12 (0.24%) SSL
16 11 (0.22%) NAS
17 9 (0.18%) FTP
17 9 (0.18%) Kerberos
17 9 (0.18%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 592 (11.90%) PostgreSQL
2 449 (9.02%) SQL Server
3 431 (8.66%) NoSQL
4 398 (8.00%) MongoDB
5 360 (7.23%) MySQL
6 260 (5.23%) Big Data
7 191 (3.84%) Relational Database
8 187 (3.76%) Redis
9 149 (2.99%) Hadoop
10 129 (2.59%) Azure SQL Database
11 107 (2.15%) Apache Cassandra
12 95 (1.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 84 (1.69%) Amazon Redshift
14 75 (1.51%) Amazon RDS
14 75 (1.51%) Blockchain
15 73 (1.47%) Data Warehouse
16 68 (1.37%) Cosmos DB
17 56 (1.13%) MariaDB
18 50 (1.00%) RDBMS
19 49 (0.98%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,160 (23.31%) Jenkins
2 882 (17.73%) Git (software)
3 415 (8.34%) GitLab
4 261 (5.25%) JIRA
5 161 (3.24%) Selenium
6 148 (2.97%) TeamCity
7 119 (2.39%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 116 (2.33%) Artifactory
9 107 (2.15%) Maven
10 104 (2.09%) Gradle
11 103 (2.07%) Bitbucket
12 102 (2.05%) Octopus Deploy
13 87 (1.75%) CircleCI
13 87 (1.75%) Cucumber
14 83 (1.67%) Team Foundation Server
15 80 (1.61%) SonarQube
16 67 (1.35%) JUnit
17 63 (1.27%) Sonatype Nexus
18 61 (1.23%) IntelliJ
19 58 (1.17%) Vagrant
General
1 995 (20.00%) Finance
2 333 (6.69%) Banking
3 218 (4.38%) Public Sector
4 209 (4.20%) Games
5 125 (2.51%) Retail
6 95 (1.91%) Marketing
7 90 (1.81%) Law
8 74 (1.49%) Telecoms
9 45 (0.90%) Front Office
10 42 (0.84%) Back Office
11 41 (0.82%) Manufacturing
12 39 (0.78%) Advertising
12 39 (0.78%) Electronics
13 25 (0.50%) Legal
14 19 (0.38%) Financial Institution
14 19 (0.38%) Online Betting
15 18 (0.36%) Automotive
16 13 (0.26%) Investment Banking
16 13 (0.26%) Private Banking
17 9 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,528 (30.71%) Developer
2 1,471 (29.56%) DevOps Engineer
3 650 (13.06%) AWS Engineer
4 524 (10.53%) AWS DevOps
5 478 (9.61%) Java Developer
6 477 (9.59%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 446 (8.96%) Senior Developer
8 443 (8.90%) Software Engineer
9 377 (7.58%) Senior DevOps
10 346 (6.95%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 337 (6.77%) Architect
12 244 (4.90%) Azure Engineer
13 238 (4.78%) Cloud Engineer
14 211 (4.24%) Java Engineer
15 196 (3.94%) Kubernetes Engineer
16 192 (3.86%) Full Stack Developer
17 190 (3.82%) Python Developer
17 190 (3.82%) Site Reliability Engineer
18 182 (3.66%) Software Developer
19 177 (3.56%) Azure DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 714 (14.35%) .NET
2 696 (13.99%) Node.js
3 670 (13.46%) React
4 598 (12.02%) Kafka
5 520 (10.45%) Spring
6 512 (10.29%) AngularJS
7 448 (9.00%) Spring Boot
8 413 (8.30%) .NET Core
9 341 (6.85%) REST
10 338 (6.79%) Web Services
11 281 (5.65%) RabbitMQ
12 274 (5.51%) Vue.js
13 267 (5.37%) CSS
14 245 (4.92%) HTML
15 242 (4.86%) RESTful
16 179 (3.60%) .NET Framework
17 140 (2.81%) Elastic Stack
18 138 (2.77%) GraphQL
19 128 (2.57%) OAuth
20 124 (2.49%) gRPC
Miscellaneous
1 308 (6.19%) Greenfield Project
2 296 (5.95%) Cloud Native
3 202 (4.06%) Public Cloud
4 150 (3.01%) Analytical Skills
5 139 (2.79%) Hedge funds
6 133 (2.67%) Algorithms
7 119 (2.39%) Data Centre
8 102 (2.05%) Mobile App
9 97 (1.95%) Linux Command Line
10 81 (1.63%) User Experience
11 78 (1.57%) Data Structures
12 73 (1.47%) Hybrid Cloud
13 70 (1.41%) Enterprise Software
14 67 (1.35%) Self-Motivation
15 56 (1.13%) Enterprise Cloud
16 45 (0.90%) Social Network
17 38 (0.76%) Equities
17 38 (0.76%) Private Cloud
18 37 (0.74%) Blog
19 36 (0.72%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,319 (26.51%) Linux
2 354 (7.11%) Windows
3 217 (4.36%) Unix
4 116 (2.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 100 (2.01%) Windows Server
6 97 (1.95%) CentOS
7 82 (1.65%) Ubuntu
8 44 (0.88%) Android
9 32 (0.64%) Apple iOS
10 22 (0.44%) VMS
11 19 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
12 17 (0.34%) CoreOS
12 17 (0.34%) Debian
13 15 (0.30%) zOS
14 8 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
15 4 (0.080%) Fedora
15 4 (0.080%) Mac OS
15 4 (0.080%) Mac OS X
15 4 (0.080%) Mesosphere
15 4 (0.080%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,891 (58.10%) DevOps
2 2,179 (43.79%) Agile Software Development
3 1,516 (30.47%) Microservices
4 1,073 (21.56%) Software Engineering
5 781 (15.70%) TDD
6 763 (15.33%) Infrastructure as Code
7 750 (15.07%) Scrum
8 674 (13.55%) Continuous Integration
9 570 (11.45%) Fintech
10 491 (9.87%) Configuration Management
11 476 (9.57%) Test Automation
12 462 (9.28%) Mentoring
13 438 (8.80%) Problem-Solving
14 380 (7.64%) Machine Learning
15 366 (7.36%) Deployment Automation
16 356 (7.15%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 346 (6.95%) Migration
18 325 (6.53%) Computer Science
19 308 (6.19%) Analytics
20 291 (5.85%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1,893 (38.04%) Python
2 1,589 (31.93%) Java
3 1,154 (23.19%) JavaScript
4 979 (19.67%) SQL
5 890 (17.89%) C#
6 668 (13.42%) Go
7 492 (9.89%) Bash Shell
8 402 (8.08%) TypeScript
9 384 (7.72%) Ruby
10 359 (7.21%) PowerShell
11 276 (5.55%) PHP
12 263 (5.29%) Scala
13 205 (4.12%) Java 8
14 195 (3.92%) C++
15 167 (3.36%) Kotlin
16 97 (1.95%) Groovy
17 76 (1.53%) Shell Script
18 62 (1.25%) ES6
19 60 (1.21%) Perl
20 57 (1.15%) C
Qualifications
1 353 (7.09%) Degree
2 289 (5.81%) Security Cleared
3 235 (4.72%) SC Cleared
4 146 (2.93%) Computer Science Degree
5 111 (2.23%) AWS Certification
6 53 (1.07%) Cisco Certification
7 31 (0.62%) PhD
8 29 (0.58%) CCNA
8 29 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
8 29 (0.58%) Sun Certification
9 28 (0.56%) ISTQB
10 25 (0.50%) Master's Degree
11 22 (0.44%) CCNP
11 22 (0.44%) DV Cleared
12 21 (0.42%) ISEB
12 21 (0.42%) RHCE
13 18 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 15 (0.30%) OSCE
14 15 (0.30%) OSCP
15 12 (0.24%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 137 (2.75%) QA
2 41 (0.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 35 (0.70%) NIST
4 33 (0.66%) SLA
5 28 (0.56%) GDPR
6 18 (0.36%) PCI DSS
7 12 (0.24%) HIPAA
8 11 (0.22%) Data Quality
9 10 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 9 (0.18%) ISO 9001
11 8 (0.16%) WCAG
12 7 (0.14%) ISO 22301
13 5 (0.10%) Dodd-Frank
13 5 (0.10%) EMIR
13 5 (0.10%) MiFID
14 3 (0.060%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 3 (0.060%) PMO
15 2 (0.040%) IEC 62304
15 2 (0.040%) ISO 13485
15 2 (0.040%) NCSC
System Software
1 3,744 (75.24%) Docker
2 131 (2.63%) Active Directory
3 120 (2.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 56 (1.13%) Virtual Machines
5 33 (0.66%) vSphere
6 22 (0.44%) XenApp
7 19 (0.38%) XenDesktop
8 17 (0.34%) VirtualBox
9 16 (0.32%) Hyper-V
10 14 (0.28%) KVM
10 14 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
11 12 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
12 11 (0.22%) HDFS
12 11 (0.22%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 11 (0.22%) Xen
13 7 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 6 (0.12%) Ceph
14 6 (0.12%) Firmware
14 6 (0.12%) LXC
15 5 (0.10%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 1,972 (39.63%) Terraform
2 1,132 (22.75%) Ansible
3 797 (16.02%) Puppet
4 595 (11.96%) Opscode Chef
5 258 (5.18%) Prometheus
6 257 (5.16%) Grafana
7 92 (1.85%) Istio
8 71 (1.43%) Packer
9 61 (1.23%) Nagios
10 51 (1.02%) ZABBIX
11 48 (0.96%) Docker Swarm
12 40 (0.80%) Rancher
13 37 (0.74%) Kibana
14 35 (0.70%) Consul
15 23 (0.46%) Fortio
15 23 (0.46%) Kiali
15 23 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
16 21 (0.42%) Mesos
17 20 (0.40%) HAProxy
18 19 (0.38%) MIIS
Vendors
1 522 (10.49%) Google
2 367 (7.38%) Microsoft
3 265 (5.33%) Oracle
4 214 (4.30%) VMware
5 174 (3.50%) Red Hat
6 123 (2.47%) Splunk
7 105 (2.11%) IBM
8 104 (2.09%) SaltStack
9 93 (1.87%) New Relic
10 90 (1.81%) SAP
11 61 (1.23%) Atlassian
12 54 (1.09%) Cisco
13 43 (0.86%) Dynatrace
14 33 (0.66%) Databricks
15 27 (0.54%) ServiceNow
16 21 (0.42%) F5
17 20 (0.40%) Salesforce.com
18 19 (0.38%) hybris
18 19 (0.38%) Veracode
19 18 (0.36%) Pega