The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Economics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Economics over the 3 months to 26 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Economics
UK / England
3 months to
26 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 506 569 561
Rank change year-on-year +63 -8  
Contract jobs citing Economics 83 54 75
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.19% 0.11% 0.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.23% 0.13% 0.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 62 42 43
Median daily rate £563 £438 £380
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +28.57% +15.13%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £363 £204 £276
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £609 £497
UK excluding London median daily rate £363 £428 £363
% change year-on-year -15.25% +18.00%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £14.65
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Economics is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 36558 40684 41140
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 84.69% 83.47% 80.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 24009 27323 26926
Median daily rate £450 £450 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +8.43%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £300 £288
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £590
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £380
% change year-on-year +3.75% +5.26%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 945 955 1136
Median hourly rate £32.50 £27.50 £26.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.18% +5.76%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £12.50 £12.58 £12.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £49.46 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.00 £28.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +19.29% -5.00%  

Economics
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing Economics as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for Economics in England

Economics
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Economics in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Economics in England

Economics
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Economics in England over the 3 months to 26 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Economics in England

Economics
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Economics in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Economics in England

Economics
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Economics within the England region over the 3 months to 26 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +38 64 £575 +27.42% 20
South East +27 16 £363 -30.95% 1
West Midlands +22 2 £325 +22.18% 2
North West +23 1 - - 2
Economics
UK

For the 6 months to 26 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Economics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Economics.

1 73 (45.06%) Finance
2 70 (43.21%) SQL
3 65 (40.12%) Agile Software Development
4 61 (37.65%) Banking
5 57 (35.19%) Degree
6 48 (29.63%) Mathematics
6 48 (29.63%) Investment Banking
7 40 (24.69%) Analytical Skills
8 39 (24.07%) Java
9 37 (22.84%) TDD
9 37 (22.84%) Statistics
10 36 (22.22%) Continuous Integration
11 33 (20.37%) Software Engineering
12 32 (19.75%) JavaScript
12 32 (19.75%) HTML
12 32 (19.75%) Front Office
12 32 (19.75%) Scrum
12 32 (19.75%) SDLC
13 31 (19.14%) Technical Analysis
14 30 (18.52%) Continuous Improvement
15 29 (17.90%) HTML5
15 29 (17.90%) C#
16 27 (16.67%) Computer Science
16 27 (16.67%) Virtual Team
17 25 (15.43%) Derivative
17 25 (15.43%) Microsoft
18 24 (14.81%) Analytics
19 23 (14.20%) Microsoft Excel
20 22 (13.58%) .NET
20 22 (13.58%) Equity Derivative

Economics
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (6.17%) SAS
2 2 (1.23%) CMS
2 2 (1.23%) Confluence
2 2 (1.23%) Drupal
3 1 (0.62%) Apache Spark
3 1 (0.62%) SharePoint
Applications
1 23 (14.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (5.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 7 (4.32%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (4.32%) SPSS
4 6 (3.70%) MS Visio
5 3 (1.85%) EViews
5 3 (1.85%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (1.85%) Stata
6 2 (1.23%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 10 (6.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 1 (0.62%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 1 (0.62%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 3 (1.85%) Amazon AWS
2 2 (1.23%) Google Analytics
3 1 (0.62%) Adobe Analytics
3 1 (0.62%) Microsoft Azure
3 1 (0.62%) Office 365
3 1 (0.62%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.85%) SAN
2 2 (1.23%) NAS
2 2 (1.23%) WAN
3 1 (0.62%) Firewall
3 1 (0.62%) LAN
3 1 (0.62%) SMS
3 1 (0.62%) Wi-Fi
3 1 (0.62%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (10.49%) Relational Database
2 12 (7.41%) Data Mining
2 12 (7.41%) SQL Server
3 11 (6.79%) Big Data
4 7 (4.32%) Data Warehouse
5 5 (3.09%) NoSQL
6 4 (2.47%) GIS
6 4 (2.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 3 (1.85%) OLAP
7 3 (1.85%) OLAP Cube
8 2 (1.23%) Cognos Report Studio
8 2 (1.23%) Electronic Patient Records
8 2 (1.23%) MarkLogic
8 2 (1.23%) MOLAP
8 2 (1.23%) MongoDB
8 2 (1.23%) PowerCenter
8 2 (1.23%) RDBMS
8 2 (1.23%) Redis
8 2 (1.23%) Spotfire
8 2 (1.23%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 10 (6.17%) NUnit
2 4 (2.47%) Jenkins
3 3 (1.85%) JIRA
3 3 (1.85%) TeamCity
4 2 (1.23%) Rational Rhapsody
4 2 (1.23%) Talend Open Studio
5 1 (0.62%) Cucumber
5 1 (0.62%) Git (software)
5 1 (0.62%) JSUnit
5 1 (0.62%) JUnit
5 1 (0.62%) PHPUnit
5 1 (0.62%) Subversion
General
1 73 (45.06%) Finance
2 61 (37.65%) Banking
3 48 (29.63%) Investment Banking
4 32 (19.75%) Front Office
5 16 (9.88%) Marketing
6 7 (4.32%) Retail
7 6 (3.70%) Automotive
7 6 (3.70%) Retail Banking
8 4 (2.47%) Telecoms
9 3 (1.85%) Manufacturing
10 2 (1.23%) Advertising
10 2 (1.23%) Pharmaceutical
10 2 (1.23%) Spanish Language
11 1 (0.62%) Aerospace
11 1 (0.62%) Electronics
11 1 (0.62%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.62%) Law
Job Titles
1 68 (41.98%) Developer
2 43 (26.54%) Analyst
3 19 (11.73%) Java Developer
4 17 (10.49%) JavaScript Developer
5 15 (9.26%) Data Analyst
6 12 (7.41%) C# Developer
6 12 (7.41%) Data Scientist
7 11 (6.79%) Project Manager
7 11 (6.79%) Silverlight Developer
8 10 (6.17%) C# Developer - Investment Banking
8 10 (6.17%) Salesforce Developer
9 9 (5.56%) HTML Developer
9 9 (5.56%) WPF Developer
10 8 (4.94%) C# WPF Developer
10 8 (4.94%) C++ Developer
10 8 (4.94%) C++ Quantitative Developer
10 8 (4.94%) Quantitative Developer
10 8 (4.94%) XAML Developer
11 7 (4.32%) Angular Developer
12 6 (3.70%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 32 (19.75%) HTML
2 29 (17.90%) HTML5
3 22 (13.58%) .NET
3 22 (13.58%) AngularJS
4 21 (12.96%) CSS
5 17 (10.49%) Hibernate
5 17 (10.49%) J2SE
5 17 (10.49%) Spring
6 14 (8.64%) WPF
7 11 (6.79%) Silverlight
8 10 (6.17%) Reactive Extensions
9 5 (3.09%) React
10 4 (2.47%) Web Services
11 3 (1.85%) .NET Framework
11 3 (1.85%) Dapper ORM
11 3 (1.85%) Entity Framework
11 3 (1.85%) NHibernate
11 3 (1.85%) Node.js
11 3 (1.85%) RESTful
11 3 (1.85%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 40 (24.69%) Analytical Skills
2 27 (16.67%) Computer Science
2 27 (16.67%) Virtual Team
3 25 (15.43%) Derivative
4 22 (13.58%) Equity Derivative
5 15 (9.26%) Fixed Income
5 15 (9.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 13 (8.02%) Credit Risk
7 8 (4.94%) NHS
8 6 (3.70%) Data Centre
8 6 (3.70%) Market Risk
9 5 (3.09%) User Experience
10 4 (2.47%) Life Science
11 3 (1.85%) Exotic Derivative
11 3 (1.85%) Fintech
12 2 (1.23%) Management Information System
13 1 (0.62%) Algorithms
13 1 (0.62%) Driving Licence
13 1 (0.62%) Graphic Design
13 1 (0.62%) Over-the-Top Content
Operating Systems
1 6 (3.70%) Unix
2 5 (3.09%) Windows
3 3 (1.85%) Linux
4 1 (0.62%) Mac OS X
4 1 (0.62%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 65 (40.12%) Agile Software Development
2 48 (29.63%) Mathematics
3 37 (22.84%) Statistics
3 37 (22.84%) TDD
4 36 (22.22%) Continuous Integration
5 33 (20.37%) Software Engineering
6 32 (19.75%) Scrum
6 32 (19.75%) SDLC
7 31 (19.14%) Technical Analysis
8 30 (18.52%) Continuous Improvement
9 24 (14.81%) Analytics
10 21 (12.96%) Pair Programming
11 20 (12.35%) Project Management
12 19 (11.73%) Stakeholder Management
13 17 (10.49%) Open Source
14 16 (9.88%) Workflow
15 15 (9.26%) Operations Research
16 14 (8.64%) CRM
16 14 (8.64%) Data Modelling
16 14 (8.64%) Event-Driven Architecture
Programming Languages
1 70 (43.21%) SQL
2 39 (24.07%) Java
3 32 (19.75%) JavaScript
4 29 (17.90%) C#
5 18 (11.11%) Python
6 16 (9.88%) R
6 16 (9.88%) VBA
7 13 (8.02%) C++
8 12 (7.41%) TypeScript
9 11 (6.79%) XAML
10 3 (1.85%) MATLAB
10 3 (1.85%) Scala
10 3 (1.85%) Shell Script
11 2 (1.23%) Apex Code
11 2 (1.23%) Go
11 2 (1.23%) Groovy
11 2 (1.23%) PL/SQL
11 2 (1.23%) T-SQL
12 1 (0.62%) VB
Qualifications
1 57 (35.19%) Degree
2 15 (9.26%) Numerate Degree
3 11 (6.79%) Security Cleared
4 10 (6.17%) PhD
5 7 (4.32%) SC Cleared
6 5 (3.09%) Computer Science Degree
7 4 (2.47%) MBA
8 3 (1.85%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (1.85%) CFA
8 3 (1.85%) ITIL Certification
8 3 (1.85%) Master's Degree
8 3 (1.85%) Postgraduate
9 1 (0.62%) A+ Certification
9 1 (0.62%) CBAP
9 1 (0.62%) PMI Certification
9 1 (0.62%) PMP
9 1 (0.62%) PRINCE2 Certification
9 1 (0.62%) Six Sigma Black Belt
9 1 (0.62%) Six Sigma Green Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (6.17%) Data Quality
2 7 (4.32%) IFRS
2 7 (4.32%) IFRS 9
3 6 (3.70%) Basel II
4 2 (1.23%) PMBOK
4 2 (1.23%) SLA
5 1 (0.62%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.62%) GAAP
5 1 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 1 (0.62%) PMO
5 1 (0.62%) QA
Systems Management
1 1 (0.62%) Puppet
1 1 (0.62%) Terraform
Vendors
1 25 (15.43%) Microsoft
2 13 (8.02%) Tableau
3 11 (6.79%) Oracle
4 10 (6.17%) Salesforce.com
5 2 (1.23%) Atlassian
5 2 (1.23%) Cognos
5 2 (1.23%) Google
5 2 (1.23%) IBM
5 2 (1.23%) Informatica
5 2 (1.23%) Talend
5 2 (1.23%) TIBCO
6 1 (0.62%) Adobe
6 1 (0.62%) Bloomberg
6 1 (0.62%) Fujitsu
6 1 (0.62%) HP
6 1 (0.62%) hybris
6 1 (0.62%) Infor
6 1 (0.62%) SAP
6 1 (0.62%) Tealium
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