Period
to 15 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Economics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Economics over the 6 months to 15 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Economics
UK > England
6 months to
15 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 726 679 724
Rank change year-on-year -47 +45 +9
Contract jobs citing Economics 117 177 153
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.12% 0.19% 0.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.14% 0.22% 0.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 80 130 109
England median daily rate £588 £563 £408
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.44% +38.04% +1.88%
10th Percentile £235 £331 £266
90th Percentile £739 £664 £625
UK median daily rate £560 £563 £400
% change year-on-year -0.44% +40.63% +0.39%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 3 1
England median hourly rate £32.50 £29.50 £17.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.17% +71.01% +22.30%
10th Percentile £26.25 £26.35 £16.63
90th Percentile £126.55 £34.85 £17.88
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £29.50 £17.25
% change year-on-year +10.17% +71.01% +22.30%

Economics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 82,271 81,375 84,449
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.38% 85.91% 85.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 55,116 54,618 56,145
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £263
90th Percentile £645 £638 £608
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,111 1,937 2,260
England median hourly rate £22.00 £23.50 £22.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.38% +2.91% +3.80%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £51.00 £50.00 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £23.14 £22.50
% change year-on-year -4.93% +2.84% +2.27%

Economics
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Economics as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Economics in England

Economics
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Economics in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Economics in England

Economics
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Economics in England over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Economics in England

Economics
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Economics in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Economics in England

Economics
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Economics in England over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Economics in England

Economics
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Economics within the England region over the 6 months to 15 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -39 78 £650 +13.04% 39
South East -19 28 £378 +4.14% 9
North of England -25 5 £395 -17.71% 4
Midlands -3 4 £230 -35.66% 3
West Midlands -19 4 £230 -29.23% 2
Yorkshire -11 3 £395 -13.38% 1
North East - 2 - - 2
South West - 2 £338 - 2
Economics
UK

For the 6 months to 15 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Economics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Economics.

1 61 (52.14%) Degree
2 51 (43.59%) SQL
2 51 (43.59%) Agile Software Development
3 50 (42.74%) Analytical Skills
4 48 (41.03%) Finance
5 43 (36.75%) Mathematics
6 41 (35.04%) .NET
7 40 (34.19%) Continuous Integration
8 38 (32.48%) TDD
9 36 (30.77%) C#
10 34 (29.06%) .NET Framework
10 34 (29.06%) TeamCity
10 34 (29.06%) Entity Framework
11 33 (28.21%) AngularJS
12 28 (23.93%) Statistics
12 28 (23.93%) Problem-Solving
13 23 (19.66%) Oracle
13 23 (19.66%) Windows
14 22 (18.80%) NHibernate
14 22 (18.80%) Analytics
14 22 (18.80%) Continuous Improvement
14 22 (18.80%) Dapper ORM
15 21 (17.95%) Computer Science
15 21 (17.95%) Scrum
15 21 (17.95%) Front Office
16 20 (17.09%) Fixed Income
17 19 (16.24%) Electronic Trading
17 19 (16.24%) TypeScript
17 19 (16.24%) Performance Optimisation
18 18 (15.38%) JavaScript

Economics
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (14.53%) IIS
2 12 (10.26%) CMS
3 7 (5.98%) Apache Spark
4 6 (5.13%) SAS
5 3 (2.56%) Oracle Workflow
5 3 (2.56%) SharePoint
6 2 (1.71%) OpenStack
Applications
1 9 (7.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (5.98%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (1.71%) InVision
3 2 (1.71%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (1.71%) SPSS
3 2 (1.71%) Stata
Business Applications
1 1 (0.85%) Oracle AML
1 1 (0.85%) Salesforce.com CRM
1 1 (0.85%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 14 (11.97%) Microsoft Azure
2 2 (1.71%) GitHub
2 2 (1.71%) Slack
2 2 (1.71%) Trello
2 2 (1.71%) Yammer
3 1 (0.85%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 2 (1.71%) Firewall
1 2 (1.71%) LAN
1 2 (1.71%) SAN
1 2 (1.71%) Wi-Fi
1 2 (1.71%) WLAN
2 1 (0.85%) Internet
2 1 (0.85%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (11.97%) Hadoop
2 9 (7.69%) Big Data
3 8 (6.84%) Relational Database
3 8 (6.84%) SQL Server
4 4 (3.42%) Power BI
5 3 (2.56%) Data Mining
6 2 (1.71%) Apache Hive
6 2 (1.71%) Blockchain
6 2 (1.71%) MariaDB
6 2 (1.71%) MySQL
7 1 (0.85%) CouchDB
7 1 (0.85%) Data Lake
7 1 (0.85%) Data Warehouse
7 1 (0.85%) Impala
7 1 (0.85%) InfluxDB
7 1 (0.85%) MongoDB
7 1 (0.85%) Redis
7 1 (0.85%) Text Mining
Development Applications
1 34 (29.06%) TeamCity
2 4 (3.42%) Git (software)
3 2 (1.71%) Axure RP
3 2 (1.71%) GitLab
3 2 (1.71%) Maven
3 2 (1.71%) Visual Studio
4 1 (0.85%) Robot Framework
General
1 48 (41.03%) Finance
2 21 (17.95%) Front Office
3 17 (14.53%) Marketing
4 5 (4.27%) Retail
4 5 (4.27%) Social Science
5 4 (3.42%) Advertising
5 4 (3.42%) Banking
6 3 (2.56%) Games
7 2 (1.71%) Back Office
7 2 (1.71%) Financial Institution
7 2 (1.71%) Legal
8 1 (0.85%) Billing
8 1 (0.85%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.85%) Law
8 1 (0.85%) Pharmaceutical
8 1 (0.85%) Retail Banking
8 1 (0.85%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 48 (41.03%) Developer
2 35 (29.91%) C# Developer
3 22 (18.80%) .NET Developer
4 19 (16.24%) Electronic Trading Developer
5 17 (14.53%) C# Developer - Electronic Trading
5 17 (14.53%) Full Stack Developer
6 16 (13.68%) Analyst
6 16 (13.68%) C# .NET Developer
7 11 (9.40%) SQL Developer
8 8 (6.84%) ASP.NET Developer
8 8 (6.84%) C# ASP.NET Developer
8 8 (6.84%) Data Scientist
9 7 (5.98%) Azure Developer
10 5 (4.27%) Administrator
10 5 (4.27%) Business Analyst
11 4 (3.42%) Architect
11 4 (3.42%) Front Office Developer
11 4 (3.42%) Quantitative Developer
11 4 (3.42%) Senior Developer
11 4 (3.42%) Technical Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 41 (35.04%) .NET
2 34 (29.06%) .NET Framework
2 34 (29.06%) Entity Framework
3 33 (28.21%) AngularJS
4 22 (18.80%) Dapper ORM
4 22 (18.80%) NHibernate
5 16 (13.68%) REST
5 16 (13.68%) Web Services
5 16 (13.68%) WebSockets
6 15 (12.82%) ASP.NET Web API
7 12 (10.26%) RESTful
8 11 (9.40%) ASP.NET
8 11 (9.40%) ASP.NET Core
9 6 (5.13%) Kafka
10 5 (4.27%) WCF
10 5 (4.27%) XML
11 3 (2.56%) .NET Core
11 3 (2.56%) CSS
11 3 (2.56%) HTML
11 3 (2.56%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 50 (42.74%) Analytical Skills
2 21 (17.95%) Computer Science
3 20 (17.09%) Fixed Income
4 6 (5.13%) Hedge funds
5 5 (4.27%) Credit Risk
5 5 (4.27%) Fintech
6 4 (3.42%) Derivative
6 4 (3.42%) Digital Media
6 4 (3.42%) Management Information System
7 2 (1.71%) Algorithms
7 2 (1.71%) Equities
7 2 (1.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 2 (1.71%) PMI
7 2 (1.71%) Private Cloud
7 2 (1.71%) Reference Data
7 2 (1.71%) Self-Motivation
7 2 (1.71%) User Experience
8 1 (0.85%) Data Centre
8 1 (0.85%) FMCG
8 1 (0.85%) Marketing Technology
Operating Systems
1 23 (19.66%) Windows
2 17 (14.53%) Windows Server
3 4 (3.42%) Linux
4 2 (1.71%) Mac OS X
4 2 (1.71%) MVS
4 2 (1.71%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 51 (43.59%) Agile Software Development
2 43 (36.75%) Mathematics
3 40 (34.19%) Continuous Integration
4 38 (32.48%) TDD
5 28 (23.93%) Problem-Solving
5 28 (23.93%) Statistics
6 22 (18.80%) Analytics
6 22 (18.80%) Continuous Improvement
7 21 (17.95%) Scrum
8 19 (16.24%) Electronic Trading
8 19 (16.24%) Performance Optimisation
9 16 (13.68%) Build Automation
9 16 (13.68%) Front End Development
10 15 (12.82%) Data Science
11 14 (11.97%) OO
11 14 (11.97%) Project Management
11 14 (11.97%) SOA
11 14 (11.97%) Test Automation
11 14 (11.97%) Visualisation
12 13 (11.11%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 51 (43.59%) SQL
2 36 (30.77%) C#
3 19 (16.24%) TypeScript
4 18 (15.38%) JavaScript
5 17 (14.53%) Python
5 17 (14.53%) R
6 5 (4.27%) Java
7 3 (2.56%) MATLAB
8 2 (1.71%) PL/SQL
8 2 (1.71%) T-SQL
9 1 (0.85%) C
9 1 (0.85%) C++
9 1 (0.85%) Scala
Qualifications
1 61 (52.14%) Degree
2 9 (7.69%) Numerate Degree
3 7 (5.98%) Computer Science Degree
4 4 (3.42%) Security Cleared
5 3 (2.56%) Master's Degree
5 3 (2.56%) PhD
5 3 (2.56%) PMI Certification
5 3 (2.56%) PMP
5 3 (2.56%) SC Cleared
6 2 (1.71%) A+ Certification
6 2 (1.71%) ITIL Certification
6 2 (1.71%) MBA
7 1 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.85%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.85%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (5.98%) Data Quality
2 4 (3.42%) SLA
3 3 (2.56%) PMO
4 2 (1.71%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.85%) QA
System Software
1 2 (1.71%) Docker
1 2 (1.71%) KVM
1 2 (1.71%) VirtualBox
2 1 (0.85%) Platform Symphony
Systems Management
1 2 (1.71%) Kubernetes
2 1 (0.85%) Ansible
2 1 (0.85%) Grafana
Vendors
1 23 (19.66%) Oracle
2 12 (10.26%) Microsoft
3 7 (5.98%) Tableau
4 4 (3.42%) Adobe
4 4 (3.42%) Google
5 3 (2.56%) Cloudera
6 2 (1.71%) Databricks
6 2 (1.71%) MicroStrategy
6 2 (1.71%) Mirantis
6 2 (1.71%) Red Hat
6 2 (1.71%) Salesforce.com
6 2 (1.71%) SAP
7 1 (0.85%) Hortonworks
7 1 (0.85%) HP
7 1 (0.85%) IBM
7 1 (0.85%) Marketo
7 1 (0.85%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
7 1 (0.85%) ServiceNow