Period
to 16 October 2021

The median contractor rate for a Java Developer was £600 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Developer
UK > England
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 60 46 63
Rank change year-on-year -14 +17 -25
Contract jobs requiring a Java Developer 2,554 1,314 2,874
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.84% 4.94% 3.69%
As % of the Job Titles category 4.11% 5.34% 3.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,988 1,055 2,198
10th Percentile £438 £406 £406
25th Percentile £500 £480 £456
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £548
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +0.46% +4.29%
75th Percentile £699 £700 £638
90th Percentile £775 £750 £700
UK median daily rate £575 £550 £525
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 0 8
10th Percentile £54.30 " £43.88
25th Percentile £60.00 " £48.75
Median hourly rate £65.50 - £50.00
75th Percentile £70.38 " £60.33
90th Percentile £71.55 " £64.83
UK median hourly rate £63.00 - £50.00

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 62,164 24,594 73,247
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.38% 92.55% 94.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 43,773 16,895 49,630
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
25th Percentile £406 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,834 775 2,376
10th Percentile £11.90 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.50 £14.00 £13.75
Median hourly rate £19.50 £22.00 £18.77
Median % change year-on-year -11.36% +17.19% +7.27%
75th Percentile £45.00 £43.75 £43.75
90th Percentile £62.00 £53.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £19.89 £22.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -9.60% +15.79% +8.57%

Java Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Java Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java Developer in England.

Daily rate trend for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java Developer in England over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java Developer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java Developer in England over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -16 1,900 £625 +4.17% 464
North of England -22 207 £500 -4.76% 91
North West +1 121 £500 -4.31% 59
South East -43 93 £497 +7.35% 54
South West -18 92 £493 -6.14% 30
Midlands -34 71 £450 +9.09% 64
West Midlands -14 67 £455 +6.31% 52
East of England -36 59 £540 +8.00% 26
Yorkshire -53 53 £500 -4.76% 23
North East +7 35 £550 +7.32% 9
East Midlands -47 2 £413 +30.95% 12
Java Developer
UK

Java Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, Java Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Java Developer in the job title.

1 2,554 (100.00%) Java
2 1,267 (49.61%) Spring
3 1,195 (46.79%) Agile Software Development
4 1,057 (41.39%) Microservices
5 810 (31.71%) Spring Boot
6 697 (27.29%) TDD
7 683 (26.74%) Java 8
8 675 (26.43%) Finance
9 603 (23.61%) Banking
10 566 (22.16%) AWS
11 526 (20.60%) Docker
12 518 (20.28%) Git (software)
13 507 (19.85%) Kubernetes
14 485 (18.99%) Jenkins
15 473 (18.52%) SQL
16 410 (16.05%) Maven
17 403 (15.78%) Multithreading
17 403 (15.78%) Oracle
18 402 (15.74%) Front Office
19 393 (15.39%) Social Skills
20 376 (14.72%) BDD
21 368 (14.41%) Scrum
21 368 (14.41%) Investment Banking
22 363 (14.21%) REST
23 358 (14.02%) Linux
24 338 (13.23%) Kafka
25 334 (13.08%) DevOps
25 334 (13.08%) RESTful
26 319 (12.49%) Software Engineering
26 319 (12.49%) JavaScript

Java Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 129 (5.05%) Confluence
2 72 (2.82%) Apache Spark
3 66 (2.58%) JBoss
4 62 (2.43%) Apache
4 62 (2.43%) Mule
5 61 (2.39%) WebLogic
6 57 (2.23%) Tomcat
7 51 (2.00%) Elasticsearch
8 40 (1.57%) Red Hat Fuse
9 37 (1.45%) WebSphere
10 20 (0.78%) Cloud Foundry
11 19 (0.74%) Oracle Workflow
12 18 (0.70%) Oracle Coherence
13 16 (0.63%) Jetty
14 15 (0.59%) OpenStack
15 12 (0.47%) GemFire
15 12 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 11 (0.43%) CMS
17 8 (0.31%) Camunda
18 7 (0.27%) nginx
Applications
1 18 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.039%) Figma
2 1 (0.039%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 41 (1.61%) ION MarketView
2 5 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
3 4 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
3 4 (0.16%) Oracle Financials
4 2 (0.078%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.039%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.039%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 1 (0.039%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.039%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 566 (22.16%) AWS
2 289 (11.32%) Azure
3 188 (7.36%) GCP
4 118 (4.62%) Serverless
5 86 (3.37%) AWS Lambda
6 78 (3.05%) GitHub
7 66 (2.58%) OpenShift
8 65 (2.55%) Amazon SQS
9 46 (1.80%) Amazon S3
10 45 (1.76%) Amazon ECS
11 42 (1.64%) Amazon EC2
12 30 (1.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 23 (0.90%) Amazon EKS
14 22 (0.86%) SaaS
15 18 (0.70%) AWS Step Functions
15 18 (0.70%) IaaS
16 17 (0.67%) AWS CloudFormation
16 17 (0.67%) Cloud Computing
17 16 (0.63%) Route 53
18 15 (0.59%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 52 (2.04%) HTTP
2 27 (1.06%) TCP/IP
3 26 (1.02%) SSL
4 17 (0.67%) FIX Connectivity
5 9 (0.35%) LAN
6 7 (0.27%) Internet
6 7 (0.27%) MQTT
7 4 (0.16%) AMQP
7 4 (0.16%) Broadband
8 3 (0.12%) Firewall
9 2 (0.078%) RTP
9 2 (0.078%) VPN
10 1 (0.039%) BGP
10 1 (0.039%) DNS
10 1 (0.039%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.039%) Intranet
10 1 (0.039%) RTMP
10 1 (0.039%) SSH
10 1 (0.039%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 225 (8.81%) NoSQL
2 218 (8.54%) Relational Database
3 177 (6.93%) MongoDB
4 171 (6.70%) MySQL
5 143 (5.60%) PostgreSQL
6 129 (5.05%) SQL Server
7 106 (4.15%) Redis
8 97 (3.80%) Oracle Database
9 74 (2.90%) Hazelcast
10 67 (2.62%) Big Data
11 59 (2.31%) RDBMS
12 57 (2.23%) Apache Cassandra
13 56 (2.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 34 (1.33%) BusinessObjects
15 27 (1.06%) Hadoop
16 19 (0.74%) Apache Ignite
17 14 (0.55%) Amazon Aurora
17 14 (0.55%) Oracle Reports
18 13 (0.51%) Flink
18 13 (0.51%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 518 (20.28%) Git (software)
2 485 (18.99%) Jenkins
3 410 (16.05%) Maven
4 245 (9.59%) JUnit
5 208 (8.14%) JIRA
6 150 (5.87%) Mockito
7 122 (4.78%) Cucumber
8 97 (3.80%) Gradle
9 67 (2.62%) Bitbucket
10 61 (2.39%) Subversion
11 60 (2.35%) GitLab
11 60 (2.35%) Selenium
12 57 (2.23%) TeamCity
13 54 (2.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 52 (2.04%) IntelliJ
15 32 (1.25%) Eclipse
15 32 (1.25%) Sonatype Nexus
16 30 (1.17%) SonarQube
17 28 (1.10%) JMeter
18 26 (1.02%) Ant
General
1 675 (26.43%) Finance
2 603 (23.61%) Banking
3 402 (15.74%) Front Office
4 393 (15.39%) Social Skills
5 368 (14.41%) Investment Banking
6 147 (5.76%) Analytical Skills
7 107 (4.19%) Public Sector
8 71 (2.78%) Retail
9 50 (1.96%) Manufacturing
10 33 (1.29%) Financial Institution
11 28 (1.10%) Telecoms
12 23 (0.90%) Documentation Skills
13 21 (0.82%) Electronics
14 16 (0.63%) Games
14 16 (0.63%) Marketing
15 15 (0.59%) Retail Banking
16 14 (0.55%) Back Office
17 11 (0.43%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 11 (0.43%) Law
18 7 (0.27%) Legal
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,267 (49.61%) Spring
2 810 (31.71%) Spring Boot
3 363 (14.21%) REST
4 338 (13.23%) Kafka
5 334 (13.08%) RESTful
6 246 (9.63%) React
7 236 (9.24%) AngularJS
8 221 (8.65%) Web Services
9 218 (8.54%) Hibernate
10 176 (6.89%) Node.js
11 160 (6.26%) HTML
11 160 (6.26%) J2EE
12 154 (6.03%) Apache Camel
13 143 (5.60%) JSON
14 141 (5.52%) CSS
15 134 (5.25%) Middleware
16 105 (4.11%) JPA
17 103 (4.03%) XML
18 100 (3.92%) JMS
19 78 (3.05%) J2SE
Miscellaneous
1 233 (9.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 216 (8.46%) Fixed Income
3 152 (5.95%) Derivative
4 139 (5.44%) Algorithms
4 139 (5.44%) Data Structures
5 112 (4.39%) Greenfield Project
6 94 (3.68%) Data Protection Act
7 81 (3.17%) Equities
8 63 (2.47%) Enterprise Software
9 58 (2.27%) User Experience
10 41 (1.61%) Hybrid Cloud
11 37 (1.45%) Virtual Team
12 32 (1.25%) Hedge funds
13 28 (1.10%) Legacy Systems
14 25 (0.98%) Cloud Native
14 25 (0.98%) Management Information System
14 25 (0.98%) Market Risk
15 21 (0.82%) Client/Server
15 21 (0.82%) Mobile App
16 18 (0.70%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 358 (14.02%) Linux
2 247 (9.67%) Unix
3 52 (2.04%) Windows
4 26 (1.02%) Mac OS X
5 13 (0.51%) Android
6 9 (0.35%) Debian
6 9 (0.35%) VMS
7 7 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 5 (0.20%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.16%) CentOS
9 4 (0.16%) Mac OS
10 3 (0.12%) Ubuntu
11 2 (0.078%) Android TV
12 1 (0.039%) Solaris
12 1 (0.039%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.039%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,195 (46.79%) Agile Software Development
2 1,057 (41.39%) Microservices
3 697 (27.29%) TDD
4 403 (15.78%) Multithreading
5 376 (14.72%) BDD
6 368 (14.41%) Scrum
7 334 (13.08%) DevOps
8 319 (12.49%) Software Engineering
9 311 (12.18%) Test Automation
10 293 (11.47%) Full Stack Development
11 267 (10.45%) Low Latency
12 227 (8.89%) Electronic Trading
13 225 (8.81%) Pair Programming
14 204 (7.99%) OO
15 185 (7.24%) Problem-Solving
16 180 (7.05%) SDLC
17 178 (6.97%) Continuous Integration
18 133 (5.21%) Unit Testing
19 116 (4.54%) Computer Science
20 112 (4.39%) Algorithmic Trading
Programming Languages
1 2,554 (100.00%) Java
2 683 (26.74%) Java 8
3 473 (18.52%) SQL
4 319 (12.49%) JavaScript
5 289 (11.32%) Java 11
6 216 (8.46%) Python
7 133 (5.21%) C++
8 127 (4.97%) Scala
9 109 (4.27%) PL/SQL
10 80 (3.13%) TypeScript
11 76 (2.98%) Shell Script
12 75 (2.94%) Kotlin
13 65 (2.55%) C#
14 52 (2.04%) C
15 41 (1.61%) Java 9
16 28 (1.10%) Haskell
17 22 (0.86%) Bash Shell
18 21 (0.82%) Perl
19 20 (0.78%) Go
20 19 (0.74%) ES6
Qualifications
1 179 (7.01%) Security Cleared
2 159 (6.23%) SC Cleared
3 123 (4.82%) Degree
4 48 (1.88%) Computer Science Degree
5 42 (1.64%) Sun Certification
6 34 (1.33%) OCPJP
7 16 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
8 15 (0.59%) DV Cleared
8 15 (0.59%) Master's Degree
9 7 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
10 6 (0.23%) DBS Check
10 6 (0.23%) ISTQB
10 6 (0.23%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 6 (0.23%) PhD
11 3 (0.12%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.039%) CFA
12 1 (0.039%) CTC Cleared
12 1 (0.039%) Novell Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (2.00%) QA
2 24 (0.94%) Accessibility
3 18 (0.70%) PMO
4 17 (0.67%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.27%) GDPR
6 2 (0.078%) ISO 20022
6 2 (0.078%) MiFID
6 2 (0.078%) WCAG
7 1 (0.039%) Dodd-Frank
7 1 (0.039%) EMIR
7 1 (0.039%) ISO 15022
7 1 (0.039%) PSD2
System Software
1 526 (20.60%) Docker
2 5 (0.20%) Platform Symphony
3 4 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.12%) HDFS
4 3 (0.12%) Postfix
4 3 (0.12%) Varnish
4 3 (0.12%) vSphere
5 2 (0.078%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.039%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 507 (19.85%) Kubernetes
2 116 (4.54%) Ansible
3 80 (3.13%) Terraform
4 49 (1.92%) Grafana
5 38 (1.49%) Prometheus
6 27 (1.06%) Kibana
7 15 (0.59%) Puppet
8 13 (0.51%) Opscode Chef
9 12 (0.47%) logstash
10 8 (0.31%) Graphite
11 3 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
11 3 (0.12%) Istio
11 3 (0.12%) Kiali
11 3 (0.12%) Oozie
12 2 (0.078%) Docker Swarm
12 2 (0.078%) Galera Cluster
12 2 (0.078%) PingFederate
13 1 (0.039%) Consul
13 1 (0.039%) Rancher
13 1 (0.039%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 403 (15.78%) Oracle
2 111 (4.35%) ION Trading
3 70 (2.74%) Google
4 45 (1.76%) webMethods
5 41 (1.61%) Sybase
6 40 (1.57%) WSO2
7 39 (1.53%) Informatica
7 39 (1.53%) TIBCO
8 36 (1.41%) BEA
9 34 (1.33%) Sun
10 30 (1.17%) IBM
11 27 (1.06%) Microsoft
11 27 (1.06%) Solace
12 25 (0.98%) Atlassian
13 23 (0.90%) CA
14 19 (0.74%) Splunk
15 18 (0.70%) SAP
16 17 (0.67%) Bloomberg
16 17 (0.67%) Perforce
17 14 (0.55%) Red Hat