Period
to 20 January 2021

The median contractor rate for a Java Developer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Developer
UK > England
6 months to
20 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 55 66 39
Rank change year-on-year +11 -27 -5
Contract jobs requiring a Java Developer 1,436 2,274 4,925
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.18% 3.46% 5.48%
As % of the Job Titles category 4.52% 3.69% 5.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,332 1,810 3,993
Median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £384 £400 £400
90th Percentile £738 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 4 20
Median hourly rate £58.00 £47.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.11% -5.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £50.40 £23.56 £39.85
90th Percentile £68.00 £66.10 £64.75
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £47.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year +15.79% -5.00% +11.11%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 31,771 61,695 85,112
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.42% 93.81% 94.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,776 41,774 57,884
Median daily rate £475 £463 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% - +2.78%
10th Percentile £255 £250 £275
90th Percentile £656 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £470 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +4.44% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,165 2,238 2,429
Median hourly rate £22.50 £18.00 £17.66
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.00% +1.93% -1.06%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £57.17 £50.00 £48.75
Median hourly rate £23.00 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +27.78% +2.86% -1.35%

Java Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Java Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java Developer in England.

Daily rate trend for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java Developer in England over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java Developer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java Developer in England over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 20 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +13 1,081 £600 +4.35% 289
North of England +2 112 £460 -3.16% 81
South West +20 65 £488 +8.33% 26
North West +7 47 £450 - 47
South East +3 45 £413 -13.16% 59
East of England +82 43 £500 +24.22% 16
Midlands -8 41 £428 -4.89% 26
Yorkshire -12 33 £450 -7.69% 20
North East +41 32 £489 +15.06% 14
West Midlands -17 31 £428 -4.89% 18
East Midlands +26 10 £315 -25.88% 8
Java Developer
UK

Java Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 20 January 2021, Java Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Java Developer in the job title.

1 1,432 (99.72%) Java
2 688 (47.91%) Agile Software Development
3 669 (46.59%) Spring
4 539 (37.53%) Microservices
5 411 (28.62%) Banking
6 407 (28.34%) Finance
7 385 (26.81%) Docker
8 372 (25.91%) TDD
9 352 (24.51%) Spring Boot
10 343 (23.89%) Java 8
11 341 (23.75%) Kubernetes
12 321 (22.35%) AWS
13 312 (21.73%) Front Office
14 274 (19.08%) Jenkins
15 258 (17.97%) SQL
16 243 (16.92%) Git (software)
17 240 (16.71%) REST
18 223 (15.53%) Web Services
19 217 (15.11%) Investment Banking
20 213 (14.83%) JavaScript
21 212 (14.76%) Multithreading
21 212 (14.76%) BDD
22 207 (14.42%) Linux
23 203 (14.14%) Maven
24 198 (13.79%) Scrum
25 191 (13.30%) DevOps
26 182 (12.67%) Security Cleared
27 178 (12.40%) Middleware
28 176 (12.26%) Apache Camel
29 173 (12.05%) Electronic Trading

Java Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 126 (8.77%) Mule
2 88 (6.13%) Red Hat Fuse
3 63 (4.39%) Apache
4 60 (4.18%) Elasticsearch
5 53 (3.69%) Confluence
6 47 (3.27%) Apache Spark
7 45 (3.13%) JBoss
8 42 (2.92%) WebLogic
9 25 (1.74%) WebSphere
10 21 (1.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 17 (1.18%) Cloud Foundry
12 16 (1.11%) Tomcat
13 13 (0.91%) Oracle Service Bus
14 10 (0.70%) Apache ServiceMix
14 10 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
15 8 (0.56%) Camunda
16 6 (0.42%) CMS
17 4 (0.28%) Moodle
17 4 (0.28%) WebSphere Application Server
18 3 (0.21%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 1 (0.070%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.070%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 22 (1.53%) ION MarketView
2 4 (0.28%) RMDS
3 2 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.070%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.070%) Minerva
4 1 (0.070%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.070%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.070%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.070%) SunGard Martini
4 1 (0.070%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 321 (22.35%) AWS
2 146 (10.17%) Azure
3 90 (6.27%) GCP
4 69 (4.81%) Serverless
5 53 (3.69%) AWS Lambda
6 48 (3.34%) Amazon ECS
7 46 (3.20%) Apigee
8 41 (2.86%) GitHub
9 37 (2.58%) OpenShift
10 30 (2.09%) Amazon EC2
11 24 (1.67%) Amazon S3
12 22 (1.53%) PaaS
12 22 (1.53%) SaaS
13 19 (1.32%) Amazon SQS
14 16 (1.11%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 16 (1.11%) Cloud Computing
15 15 (1.04%) AWS CloudFormation
16 14 (0.97%) Boomi
17 11 (0.77%) Amazon Kinesis
18 9 (0.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 49 (3.41%) HTTP
2 13 (0.91%) Internet
3 7 (0.49%) SSL
4 6 (0.42%) TCP/IP
5 4 (0.28%) FIX Connectivity
6 3 (0.21%) DNS
6 3 (0.21%) FTP
7 2 (0.14%) AMQP
7 2 (0.14%) Broadband
7 2 (0.14%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.14%) LAN
8 1 (0.070%) DAB
8 1 (0.070%) Ethernet
8 1 (0.070%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.070%) PuTTY
8 1 (0.070%) SNMP
8 1 (0.070%) Tactical Data Link
8 1 (0.070%) VPN
8 1 (0.070%) WebEx
8 1 (0.070%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 154 (10.72%) Relational Database
2 112 (7.80%) MySQL
3 103 (7.17%) PostgreSQL
4 94 (6.55%) NoSQL
5 87 (6.06%) SQL Server
6 73 (5.08%) MongoDB
7 39 (2.72%) Hadoop
8 36 (2.51%) Apache Cassandra
9 33 (2.30%) RDBMS
10 31 (2.16%) Amazon Redshift
11 24 (1.67%) Big Data
12 20 (1.39%) Oracle Database
13 18 (1.25%) Amazon RDS
13 18 (1.25%) Hazelcast
14 13 (0.91%) Redis
15 11 (0.77%) Amazon Aurora
16 10 (0.70%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 10 (0.70%) Apache Ignite
17 9 (0.63%) Blockchain
18 7 (0.49%) Flink
Development Applications
1 274 (19.08%) Jenkins
2 243 (16.92%) Git (software)
3 203 (14.14%) Maven
4 109 (7.59%) JUnit
5 85 (5.92%) JIRA
6 70 (4.87%) GitLab
7 65 (4.53%) Gradle
8 63 (4.39%) Cucumber
9 48 (3.34%) Mockito
10 40 (2.79%) Subversion
11 37 (2.58%) Artifactory
12 32 (2.23%) Selenium
13 30 (2.09%) SonarQube
14 27 (1.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 23 (1.60%) jMock
16 20 (1.39%) Bitbucket
17 19 (1.32%) Hudson
17 19 (1.32%) TeamCity
18 18 (1.25%) Ant
19 17 (1.18%) FishEye
General
1 411 (28.62%) Banking
2 407 (28.34%) Finance
3 312 (21.73%) Front Office
4 217 (15.11%) Investment Banking
5 90 (6.27%) Public Sector
6 51 (3.55%) Marketing
7 49 (3.41%) Telecoms
8 45 (3.13%) Manufacturing
9 44 (3.06%) Electronics
10 23 (1.60%) Retail
11 20 (1.39%) Financial Institution
12 11 (0.77%) Advertising
13 10 (0.70%) Back Office
14 7 (0.49%) Automotive
14 7 (0.49%) Retail Banking
15 6 (0.42%) Games
16 5 (0.35%) Law
17 4 (0.28%) Corporate Banking
18 3 (0.21%) Aerospace
19 2 (0.14%) French Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 669 (46.59%) Spring
2 352 (24.51%) Spring Boot
3 240 (16.71%) REST
4 223 (15.53%) Web Services
5 178 (12.40%) Middleware
6 176 (12.26%) Apache Camel
7 168 (11.70%) Kafka
8 162 (11.28%) RESTful
9 161 (11.21%) AngularJS
10 125 (8.70%) HTML
11 118 (8.22%) JSON
12 114 (7.94%) Spring Integration
13 111 (7.73%) Hibernate
14 108 (7.52%) React
15 101 (7.03%) XML
16 86 (5.99%) Node.js
17 80 (5.57%) SOAP
18 75 (5.22%) CSS
19 71 (4.94%) J2EE
20 66 (4.60%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 160 (11.14%) Fixed Income
2 139 (9.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 82 (5.71%) Greenfield Project
4 73 (5.08%) Derivative
5 67 (4.67%) Equities
6 44 (3.06%) Analytical Skills
7 40 (2.79%) Hedge funds
8 38 (2.65%) Data Structures
9 37 (2.58%) Enterprise Software
10 31 (2.16%) Algorithms
11 30 (2.09%) Mobile App
12 22 (1.53%) Public Cloud
13 19 (1.32%) Credit Risk
14 17 (1.18%) Cloud Native
14 17 (1.18%) Clustering
15 16 (1.11%) Market Risk
15 16 (1.11%) Self-Motivation
16 12 (0.84%) Equity Derivative
17 10 (0.70%) Grid Computing
18 9 (0.63%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 207 (14.42%) Linux
2 144 (10.03%) Unix
3 20 (1.39%) Mac OS X
4 18 (1.25%) Windows
5 10 (0.70%) Android
6 7 (0.49%) Apple iOS
7 4 (0.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.21%) Solaris
9 1 (0.070%) Embedded Linux
9 1 (0.070%) Oracle Linux
9 1 (0.070%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.070%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 688 (47.91%) Agile Software Development
2 539 (37.53%) Microservices
3 372 (25.91%) TDD
4 212 (14.76%) BDD
4 212 (14.76%) Multithreading
5 198 (13.79%) Scrum
6 191 (13.30%) DevOps
7 173 (12.05%) Electronic Trading
8 172 (11.98%) Low Latency
9 171 (11.91%) Software Engineering
10 136 (9.47%) Continuous Integration
10 136 (9.47%) Test Automation
11 133 (9.26%) OO
12 87 (6.06%) Continuous Delivery
13 83 (5.78%) SDLC
14 82 (5.71%) Open Source
15 79 (5.50%) Computer Science
15 79 (5.50%) Problem-Solving
16 68 (4.74%) Unit Testing
17 57 (3.97%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,432 (99.72%) Java
2 343 (23.89%) Java 8
3 258 (17.97%) SQL
4 213 (14.83%) JavaScript
5 156 (10.86%) Python
6 102 (7.10%) Scala
7 73 (5.08%) C++
8 63 (4.39%) PL/SQL
9 62 (4.32%) Kotlin
10 47 (3.27%) Shell Script
11 45 (3.13%) TypeScript
12 36 (2.51%) C#
13 29 (2.02%) XPath
14 16 (1.11%) C
15 15 (1.04%) ES6
16 14 (0.97%) Groovy
17 13 (0.91%) Go
18 12 (0.84%) Clojure
18 12 (0.84%) Haskell
19 11 (0.77%) R
Qualifications
1 182 (12.67%) Security Cleared
2 150 (10.45%) SC Cleared
3 78 (5.43%) Degree
4 33 (2.30%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (1.95%) DV Cleared
6 22 (1.53%) Numerate Degree
7 9 (0.63%) AWS Certification
8 8 (0.56%) Master's Degree
9 7 (0.49%) CTC Cleared
10 6 (0.42%) BPSS Clearance
11 5 (0.35%) PhD
12 4 (0.28%) OCPJP
12 4 (0.28%) Sun Certification
13 3 (0.21%) DBS Check
14 2 (0.14%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (1.18%) QA
2 6 (0.42%) MiFID
2 6 (0.42%) PMO
3 3 (0.21%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.070%) GDPR
4 1 (0.070%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.070%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 385 (26.81%) Docker
2 6 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 5 (0.35%) Postfix
4 3 (0.21%) HDFS
5 2 (0.14%) GridGain
6 1 (0.070%) Active Directory
6 1 (0.070%) NDS
6 1 (0.070%) NetIQ eDirectory
6 1 (0.070%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.070%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 341 (23.75%) Kubernetes
2 60 (4.18%) Ansible
3 54 (3.76%) Terraform
4 19 (1.32%) Prometheus
5 16 (1.11%) Grafana
6 5 (0.35%) Rundeck
7 4 (0.28%) Kibana
7 4 (0.28%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (0.21%) Docker Swarm
8 3 (0.21%) Hadoop YARN
8 3 (0.21%) Oozie
8 3 (0.21%) Puppet
8 3 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.070%) Istio
9 1 (0.070%) Knative
9 1 (0.070%) linkerd
9 1 (0.070%) NetIQ Identity Manager
9 1 (0.070%) Rancher
9 1 (0.070%) vRealize
9 1 (0.070%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 168 (11.70%) Oracle
2 49 (3.41%) Google
3 48 (3.34%) SAP
4 45 (3.13%) ION Trading
5 42 (2.92%) webMethods
6 34 (2.37%) Atlassian
6 34 (2.37%) TIBCO
7 33 (2.30%) Sybase
8 31 (2.16%) BEA
9 30 (2.09%) MuleSoft
10 27 (1.88%) WSO2
11 23 (1.60%) Splunk
12 21 (1.46%) Informatica
13 20 (1.39%) Talend
14 16 (1.11%) AppDynamics
14 16 (1.11%) Murex
15 15 (1.04%) Red Hat
16 12 (0.84%) Confluent
16 12 (0.84%) Microsoft
17 10 (0.70%) Jitterbit