Period
to 24 July 2021

The median contractor rate for a Java Developer was £575 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Developer
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 55 48 57
Rank change year-on-year -7 +9 -18
Contract jobs requiring a Java Developer 2,283 1,619 3,550
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.03% 4.85% 4.24%
As % of the Job Titles category 4.33% 5.19% 4.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,765 1,348 2,716
10th Percentile £425 £413 £406
25th Percentile £490 £483 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +2.44%
75th Percentile £688 £668 £625
90th Percentile £750 £750 £688
UK median daily rate £570 £550 £525
% change year-on-year +3.64% +4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 8 12
10th Percentile £54.90 £51.00 £50.00
25th Percentile £58.71 £53.44 £51.88
Median hourly rate £63.00 £60.00 £57.17
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +4.96% +52.44%
75th Percentile £65.54 £63.56 £60.00
90th Percentile £69.02 £66.53 "
UK median hourly rate £60.00 £60.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year - +9.09% +50.60%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 52,686 31,219 79,149
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.09% 93.52% 94.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 36,561 21,117 53,568
10th Percentile £300 £263 £273
25th Percentile £400 £375 £372
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £470
% change year-on-year +5.26% +1.06% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,718 1,032 2,432
10th Percentile £11.40 £11.61 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.63 £14.09 £13.50
Median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £43.00 £42.39 £43.75
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.50 £52.24
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £18.70
% change year-on-year - +6.95% +6.86%

Java Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Java Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java Developer in England.

Daily rate trend for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java Developer in England over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java Developer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java Developer in England over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -10 1,744 £610 +1.67% 460
North of England -32 140 £500 - 95
South East -12 104 £475 +2.15% 69
South West -39 71 £480 -8.57% 35
Midlands -7 66 £450 +9.09% 41
North West -8 64 £500 - 49
West Midlands -12 55 £450 +9.09% 35
East of England -41 48 £513 +1.23% 31
North East +19 38 £550 +17.33% 18
Yorkshire -41 38 £500 -1.96% 28
East Midlands -17 10 £425 +15.25% 6
Java Developer
UK

Java Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, Java Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Java Developer in the job title.

1 2,283 (100.00%) Java
2 1,139 (49.89%) Spring
3 1,035 (45.34%) Agile Software Development
4 911 (39.90%) Microservices
5 686 (30.05%) Spring Boot
6 644 (28.21%) Banking
7 611 (26.76%) Finance
8 610 (26.72%) Java 8
9 582 (25.49%) TDD
10 513 (22.47%) Docker
11 504 (22.08%) Kubernetes
12 462 (20.24%) AWS
13 439 (19.23%) SQL
14 427 (18.70%) Jenkins
15 415 (18.18%) Git (software)
16 405 (17.74%) Front Office
17 391 (17.13%) Multithreading
18 382 (16.73%) Investment Banking
19 378 (16.56%) Maven
20 367 (16.08%) Social Skills
21 360 (15.77%) REST
22 350 (15.33%) Kafka
23 346 (15.16%) Oracle
24 332 (14.54%) Scrum
25 330 (14.45%) BDD
26 326 (14.28%) Linux
27 291 (12.75%) DevOps
28 285 (12.48%) Low Latency
29 284 (12.44%) RESTful
30 275 (12.05%) JavaScript

Java Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 85 (3.72%) Confluence
2 76 (3.33%) Apache Spark
3 74 (3.24%) Mule
4 67 (2.93%) Apache
5 55 (2.41%) WebLogic
6 53 (2.32%) Tomcat
7 52 (2.28%) JBoss
8 46 (2.01%) Red Hat Fuse
9 39 (1.71%) Oracle Coherence
10 36 (1.58%) Elasticsearch
11 33 (1.45%) WebSphere
12 29 (1.27%) Cloud Foundry
13 14 (0.61%) nginx
14 13 (0.57%) Jetty
15 12 (0.53%) CMS
15 12 (0.53%) GemFire
15 12 (0.53%) OpenStack
16 10 (0.44%) Camunda
17 8 (0.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 7 (0.31%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 10 (0.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.044%) Doxygen
Business Applications
1 23 (1.01%) ION MarketView
2 8 (0.35%) Oracle BPM
3 4 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
4 3 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
5 2 (0.088%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.088%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.088%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.044%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.044%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 462 (20.24%) AWS
2 216 (9.46%) Azure
3 135 (5.91%) GCP
4 112 (4.91%) Serverless
5 83 (3.64%) AWS Lambda
6 60 (2.63%) GitHub
6 60 (2.63%) OpenShift
7 59 (2.58%) Amazon SQS
8 54 (2.37%) Amazon S3
9 44 (1.93%) Amazon EC2
9 44 (1.93%) Amazon ECS
10 32 (1.40%) Cloud Computing
11 26 (1.14%) SaaS
12 25 (1.10%) Amazon EKS
13 21 (0.92%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 18 (0.79%) AWS CloudFormation
14 18 (0.79%) IaaS
15 17 (0.74%) PaaS
16 16 (0.70%) Apigee
17 13 (0.57%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 35 (1.53%) HTTP
2 33 (1.45%) SSL
3 31 (1.36%) TCP/IP
4 9 (0.39%) FIX Connectivity
5 8 (0.35%) Internet
5 8 (0.35%) LAN
6 6 (0.26%) Broadband
7 4 (0.18%) SMTP
7 4 (0.18%) VPN
8 3 (0.13%) DMARC
8 3 (0.13%) DNS
8 3 (0.13%) Firewall
8 3 (0.13%) SMS
9 2 (0.088%) Reverse Proxy
9 2 (0.088%) RTP
9 2 (0.088%) SWIFTNet
10 1 (0.044%) Kerberos
10 1 (0.044%) POP3
10 1 (0.044%) Wireless
10 1 (0.044%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 178 (7.80%) NoSQL
2 176 (7.71%) Relational Database
3 151 (6.61%) MongoDB
4 128 (5.61%) PostgreSQL
5 109 (4.77%) SQL Server
6 99 (4.34%) Redis
7 83 (3.64%) Hazelcast
7 83 (3.64%) MySQL
8 58 (2.54%) Apache Cassandra
9 54 (2.37%) Oracle Database
10 52 (2.28%) Big Data
11 48 (2.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 39 (1.71%) RDBMS
13 38 (1.66%) Hadoop
14 21 (0.92%) Apache Ignite
15 19 (0.83%) BusinessObjects
15 19 (0.83%) Flink
16 17 (0.74%) DB2
17 16 (0.70%) Couchbase
18 15 (0.66%) HBase
Development Applications
1 427 (18.70%) Jenkins
2 415 (18.18%) Git (software)
3 378 (16.56%) Maven
4 224 (9.81%) JUnit
5 172 (7.53%) JIRA
6 125 (5.48%) Cucumber
7 117 (5.12%) Mockito
8 92 (4.03%) Gradle
9 74 (3.24%) Subversion
10 58 (2.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 52 (2.28%) Bitbucket
11 52 (2.28%) IntelliJ
12 48 (2.10%) Selenium
13 47 (2.06%) GitLab
13 47 (2.06%) TeamCity
14 46 (2.01%) Eclipse
15 29 (1.27%) Ant
15 29 (1.27%) Sonatype Nexus
16 28 (1.23%) SonarQube
16 28 (1.23%) TestNG
General
1 644 (28.21%) Banking
2 611 (26.76%) Finance
3 405 (17.74%) Front Office
4 382 (16.73%) Investment Banking
5 367 (16.08%) Social Skills
6 124 (5.43%) Analytical Skills
7 87 (3.81%) Public Sector
8 63 (2.76%) Retail
9 57 (2.50%) Manufacturing
10 35 (1.53%) Financial Institution
11 33 (1.45%) Documentation Skills
11 33 (1.45%) Telecoms
12 24 (1.05%) Electronics
13 22 (0.96%) Marketing
14 15 (0.66%) Back Office
15 14 (0.61%) Games
16 13 (0.57%) Automotive
17 8 (0.35%) Influencing Skills
18 7 (0.31%) Retail Banking
19 6 (0.26%) Law
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,139 (49.89%) Spring
2 686 (30.05%) Spring Boot
3 360 (15.77%) REST
4 350 (15.33%) Kafka
5 284 (12.44%) RESTful
6 236 (10.34%) AngularJS
6 236 (10.34%) React
7 222 (9.72%) Hibernate
8 184 (8.06%) Web Services
9 157 (6.88%) J2EE
10 150 (6.57%) HTML
11 134 (5.87%) Apache Camel
12 130 (5.69%) Middleware
13 127 (5.56%) Node.js
14 115 (5.04%) CSS
15 107 (4.69%) JSON
16 100 (4.38%) XML
17 86 (3.77%) JPA
18 82 (3.59%) JMS
19 80 (3.50%) FIX Protocol
Miscellaneous
1 261 (11.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 168 (7.36%) Fixed Income
3 155 (6.79%) Data Structures
4 129 (5.65%) Greenfield Project
5 121 (5.30%) Derivative
6 120 (5.26%) Algorithms
7 82 (3.59%) Enterprise Software
8 70 (3.07%) Equities
9 63 (2.76%) User Experience
10 43 (1.88%) Data Protection Act
11 42 (1.84%) Market Risk
12 32 (1.40%) Virtual Team
13 29 (1.27%) Legacy Systems
14 27 (1.18%) Cloud Native
15 26 (1.14%) Mobile App
16 24 (1.05%) Grid Computing
16 24 (1.05%) Management Information System
17 23 (1.01%) Hedge funds
18 19 (0.83%) Clustering
19 18 (0.79%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 326 (14.28%) Linux
2 235 (10.29%) Unix
3 48 (2.10%) Windows
4 15 (0.66%) Android
5 12 (0.53%) Mac OS X
6 8 (0.35%) CentOS
6 8 (0.35%) Debian
6 8 (0.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (0.35%) VMS
7 5 (0.22%) Apple iOS
8 3 (0.13%) CoreOS
9 2 (0.088%) Amazon Linux
9 2 (0.088%) Android TV
10 1 (0.044%) Solaris
10 1 (0.044%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.044%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,035 (45.34%) Agile Software Development
2 911 (39.90%) Microservices
3 582 (25.49%) TDD
4 391 (17.13%) Multithreading
5 332 (14.54%) Scrum
6 330 (14.45%) BDD
7 291 (12.75%) DevOps
8 285 (12.48%) Low Latency
9 234 (10.25%) Test Automation
10 233 (10.21%) Software Engineering
11 227 (9.94%) Electronic Trading
12 175 (7.67%) OO
13 171 (7.49%) Pair Programming
14 164 (7.18%) Continuous Integration
15 156 (6.83%) SDLC
16 143 (6.26%) Problem-Solving
17 142 (6.22%) Performance Tuning
18 117 (5.12%) Unit Testing
19 113 (4.95%) Computer Science
20 99 (4.34%) Multithreaded Programming
Programming Languages
1 2,283 (100.00%) Java
2 610 (26.72%) Java 8
3 439 (19.23%) SQL
4 275 (12.05%) JavaScript
5 216 (9.46%) Java 11
6 173 (7.58%) Python
7 148 (6.48%) Scala
8 119 (5.21%) C++
9 104 (4.56%) Kotlin
10 100 (4.38%) PL/SQL
11 68 (2.98%) TypeScript
12 61 (2.67%) Shell Script
13 54 (2.37%) C#
14 44 (1.93%) Java 9
15 42 (1.84%) C
16 38 (1.66%) Groovy
17 35 (1.53%) Haskell
18 24 (1.05%) ES6
19 22 (0.96%) Bash Shell
19 22 (0.96%) Go
Qualifications
1 176 (7.71%) Security Cleared
2 162 (7.10%) SC Cleared
3 112 (4.91%) Degree
4 44 (1.93%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (0.92%) Sun Certification
6 17 (0.74%) Master's Degree
7 15 (0.66%) OCPJP
8 14 (0.61%) Numerate Degree
9 12 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
10 10 (0.44%) DV Cleared
11 7 (0.31%) AWS Certification
12 3 (0.13%) DBS Check
13 1 (0.044%) BC Cleared
13 1 (0.044%) CFA
13 1 (0.044%) ISTQB
13 1 (0.044%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 58 (2.54%) QA
2 19 (0.83%) Data Quality
3 12 (0.53%) Accessibility
4 9 (0.39%) GDPR
5 8 (0.35%) ISO 20022
5 8 (0.35%) PMO
6 6 (0.26%) MiFID
7 4 (0.18%) SLA
8 2 (0.088%) ISO 15022
9 1 (0.044%) Dodd-Frank
9 1 (0.044%) EMIR
System Software
1 513 (22.47%) Docker
2 19 (0.83%) Platform Symphony
3 9 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 4 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.13%) GridGain
5 3 (0.13%) HDFS
5 3 (0.13%) Postfix
5 3 (0.13%) Varnish
5 3 (0.13%) vSphere
6 1 (0.044%) Active Directory
6 1 (0.044%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 504 (22.08%) Kubernetes
2 119 (5.21%) Ansible
3 77 (3.37%) Terraform
4 33 (1.45%) Grafana
5 30 (1.31%) Prometheus
6 21 (0.92%) Kibana
7 19 (0.83%) Puppet
8 11 (0.48%) Opscode Chef
9 4 (0.18%) Istio
9 4 (0.18%) logstash
9 4 (0.18%) Zipkin
10 3 (0.13%) Kiali
10 3 (0.13%) Mesos
10 3 (0.13%) Oozie
11 2 (0.088%) Galera Cluster
11 2 (0.088%) Hadoop YARN
11 2 (0.088%) linkerd
12 1 (0.044%) Graphite
12 1 (0.044%) Rancher
12 1 (0.044%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 346 (15.16%) Oracle
2 77 (3.37%) Google
3 69 (3.02%) ION Trading
4 39 (1.71%) Atlassian
5 36 (1.58%) webMethods
6 34 (1.49%) BEA
7 33 (1.45%) TIBCO
8 32 (1.40%) Informatica
9 30 (1.31%) Sybase
10 29 (1.27%) IBM
10 29 (1.27%) Microsoft
11 25 (1.10%) WSO2
12 22 (0.96%) Splunk
13 21 (0.92%) MuleSoft
14 20 (0.88%) SAP
15 19 (0.83%) Solace
16 17 (0.74%) CA
17 15 (0.66%) Sun
18 12 (0.53%) AppDynamics
19 11 (0.48%) hybris