Period
to 9 May 2021

The median contractor rate for a Java Developer was £575 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 9 May 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Developer
UK > England
6 months to
9 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 57 56 50
Rank change year-on-year -1 -6 -10
Contract jobs requiring a Java Developer 1,809 1,885 3,926
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.07% 4.05% 4.65%
As % of the Job Titles category 4.39% 4.31% 4.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,425 1,527 3,032
10th Percentile £413 £400 £400
25th Percentile £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £538
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +2.33% +7.50%
75th Percentile £688 £650 £638
90th Percentile £738 £700 £688
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £525
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 9 17
10th Percentile £56.50 £40.88 £48.04
25th Percentile £58.00 £52.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate £62.11 £58.00 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year +7.08% +5.45% +100.00%
75th Percentile £65.54 £63.00 £60.00
90th Percentile £68.00 £66.10 £64.75
UK median hourly rate £56.50 £58.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year -2.59% +5.45% +100.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 41,235 43,721 79,839
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.72% 93.88% 94.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 28,493 29,381 54,207
10th Percentile £281 £245 £275
25th Percentile £381 £363 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £485 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.11% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £655 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £473
% change year-on-year +2.70% -2.12% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,436 1,585 2,326
10th Percentile £11.40 £11.63 £11.00
25th Percentile £14.50 £14.10 £13.25
Median hourly rate £21.56 £18.90 £18.50
Median % change year-on-year +14.07% +2.16% +5.71%
75th Percentile £44.33 £36.50 £41.00
90th Percentile £56.50 £51.75 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £19.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year +18.42% +5.56% +2.86%

Java Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Java Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java Developer in England.

Daily rate trend for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java Developer in England over the 6 months to 9 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java Developer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java Developer in England

Java Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 9 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 1,402 £600 +4.35% 300
North of England +22 99 £489 +8.67% 81
South East -5 80 £469 -1.18% 86
South West -3 74 £480 -4.00% 30
North West +20 45 £475 +5.56% 52
East of England +1 43 £525 +5.00% 29
Midlands -31 39 £425 - 42
North East +20 31 £495 +15.00% 10
West Midlands -48 27 £428 +0.71% 35
Yorkshire +5 23 £500 +5.54% 19
East Midlands +21 11 £413 -2.37% 5
Java Developer
UK

Java Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 9 May 2021, Java Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Java Developer in the job title.

1 1,807 (99.89%) Java
2 871 (48.15%) Spring
3 840 (46.43%) Agile Software Development
4 705 (38.97%) Microservices
5 554 (30.62%) Banking
6 497 (27.47%) Spring Boot
7 496 (27.42%) Finance
8 470 (25.98%) TDD
9 469 (25.93%) Java 8
10 452 (24.99%) Docker
11 437 (24.16%) Kubernetes
12 376 (20.78%) Front Office
13 362 (20.01%) AWS
14 326 (18.02%) Investment Banking
15 313 (17.30%) REST
16 309 (17.08%) SQL
17 307 (16.97%) Git (software)
18 301 (16.64%) Jenkins
19 289 (15.98%) Multithreading
20 278 (15.37%) Kafka
21 276 (15.26%) BDD
22 271 (14.98%) Maven
23 251 (13.88%) Linux
24 250 (13.82%) Social Skills
25 248 (13.71%) Scrum
25 248 (13.71%) DevOps
26 239 (13.21%) Low Latency
27 234 (12.94%) JavaScript
28 213 (11.77%) Security Cleared
29 211 (11.66%) Oracle

Java Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 101 (5.58%) Mule
2 74 (4.09%) Apache Spark
3 67 (3.70%) Red Hat Fuse
4 64 (3.54%) Confluence
5 61 (3.37%) Apache
6 42 (2.32%) JBoss
7 39 (2.16%) Tomcat
8 38 (2.10%) Elasticsearch
9 32 (1.77%) Oracle Coherence
10 30 (1.66%) Cloud Foundry
11 29 (1.60%) WebLogic
12 23 (1.27%) WebSphere
13 15 (0.83%) Camunda
14 12 (0.66%) nginx
15 9 (0.50%) CMS
15 9 (0.50%) GemFire
15 9 (0.50%) Jetty
16 6 (0.33%) WebSphere Application Server
17 5 (0.28%) DataSynapse
17 5 (0.28%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 1 (0.055%) Doxygen
Business Applications
1 7 (0.39%) ION MarketView
2 4 (0.22%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
4 2 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
4 2 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.11%) R3 Corda
4 2 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.055%) Minerva
Cloud Services
1 362 (20.01%) AWS
2 168 (9.29%) Azure
3 84 (4.64%) GCP
4 71 (3.92%) Serverless
5 65 (3.59%) OpenShift
6 45 (2.49%) AWS Lambda
7 38 (2.10%) GitHub
8 32 (1.77%) Cloud Computing
9 31 (1.71%) Amazon S3
10 29 (1.60%) PaaS
11 25 (1.38%) SaaS
12 23 (1.27%) Apigee
13 22 (1.22%) Amazon ECS
14 21 (1.16%) Amazon SQS
15 18 (1.00%) IaaS
16 16 (0.88%) AWS CloudFormation
17 13 (0.72%) Amazon ElastiCache
17 13 (0.72%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 12 (0.66%) Amazon EC2
19 10 (0.55%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 36 (1.99%) HTTP
2 16 (0.88%) SSL
3 13 (0.72%) TCP/IP
4 9 (0.50%) Internet
5 7 (0.39%) Broadband
6 6 (0.33%) LAN
7 5 (0.28%) DNS
8 4 (0.22%) FIX Connectivity
8 4 (0.22%) SMTP
9 3 (0.17%) DMARC
9 3 (0.17%) SMS
9 3 (0.17%) VPN
10 2 (0.11%) FTP
10 2 (0.11%) HTTPS
10 2 (0.11%) Kerberos
10 2 (0.11%) Reverse Proxy
10 2 (0.11%) SWIFTNet
11 1 (0.055%) AMQP
11 1 (0.055%) PuTTY
11 1 (0.055%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 148 (8.18%) Relational Database
2 144 (7.96%) NoSQL
3 114 (6.30%) MongoDB
4 101 (5.58%) PostgreSQL
5 67 (3.70%) SQL Server
6 60 (3.32%) MySQL
7 46 (2.54%) Hazelcast
8 44 (2.43%) Apache Cassandra
9 42 (2.32%) Big Data
10 39 (2.16%) Hadoop
11 36 (1.99%) Redis
12 35 (1.93%) Oracle Database
13 29 (1.60%) RDBMS
14 21 (1.16%) Flink
15 20 (1.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 15 (0.83%) Apache Ignite
16 15 (0.83%) Couchbase
17 14 (0.77%) DB2
17 14 (0.77%) HBase
18 11 (0.61%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 307 (16.97%) Git (software)
2 301 (16.64%) Jenkins
3 271 (14.98%) Maven
4 152 (8.40%) JUnit
5 128 (7.08%) JIRA
6 97 (5.36%) Cucumber
7 86 (4.75%) Gradle
8 80 (4.42%) Mockito
9 64 (3.54%) Subversion
10 42 (2.32%) Bitbucket
11 37 (2.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 35 (1.93%) Selenium
13 34 (1.88%) GitLab
14 32 (1.77%) IntelliJ
15 31 (1.71%) TeamCity
16 28 (1.55%) Ant
16 28 (1.55%) SonarQube
17 25 (1.38%) Sonatype Nexus
18 23 (1.27%) Eclipse
19 20 (1.11%) FishEye
General
1 554 (30.62%) Banking
2 496 (27.42%) Finance
3 376 (20.78%) Front Office
4 326 (18.02%) Investment Banking
5 250 (13.82%) Social Skills
6 76 (4.20%) Public Sector
7 74 (4.09%) Analytical Skills
8 43 (2.38%) Retail
9 40 (2.21%) Manufacturing
9 40 (2.21%) Telecoms
10 37 (2.05%) Marketing
11 27 (1.49%) Electronics
12 25 (1.38%) Financial Institution
13 18 (1.00%) Automotive
14 10 (0.55%) Back Office
15 9 (0.50%) Games
15 9 (0.50%) Influencing Skills
16 7 (0.39%) Advertising
17 6 (0.33%) Law
18 5 (0.28%) Aerospace
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 871 (48.15%) Spring
2 497 (27.47%) Spring Boot
3 313 (17.30%) REST
4 278 (15.37%) Kafka
5 193 (10.67%) RESTful
6 189 (10.45%) AngularJS
7 173 (9.56%) Hibernate
8 163 (9.01%) React
8 163 (9.01%) Web Services
9 150 (8.29%) Middleware
10 142 (7.85%) Apache Camel
11 117 (6.47%) HTML
12 102 (5.64%) Spring Integration
13 101 (5.58%) Node.js
14 92 (5.09%) XML
15 88 (4.86%) JSON
16 83 (4.59%) J2EE
17 66 (3.65%) JMS
18 64 (3.54%) FIX Protocol
19 63 (3.48%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 204 (11.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 131 (7.24%) Fixed Income
3 107 (5.91%) Greenfield Project
4 95 (5.25%) Data Structures
5 83 (4.59%) Derivative
6 76 (4.20%) Enterprise Software
7 57 (3.15%) Algorithms
8 47 (2.60%) Equities
9 39 (2.16%) Market Risk
10 35 (1.93%) Cloud Native
10 35 (1.93%) Mobile App
11 32 (1.77%) User Experience
12 28 (1.55%) Grid Computing
13 25 (1.38%) Self-Motivation
14 23 (1.27%) Clustering
15 21 (1.16%) Credit Risk
16 19 (1.05%) Hedge funds
16 19 (1.05%) Virtual Team
17 18 (1.00%) Public Cloud
18 15 (0.83%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 251 (13.88%) Linux
2 185 (10.23%) Unix
3 28 (1.55%) Windows
4 19 (1.05%) Mac OS X
5 16 (0.88%) Android
6 8 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (0.39%) Apple iOS
8 5 (0.28%) CentOS
9 3 (0.17%) CoreOS
10 2 (0.11%) Amazon Linux
10 2 (0.11%) Android TV
11 1 (0.055%) Debian
11 1 (0.055%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.055%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 840 (46.43%) Agile Software Development
2 705 (38.97%) Microservices
3 470 (25.98%) TDD
4 289 (15.98%) Multithreading
5 276 (15.26%) BDD
6 248 (13.71%) DevOps
6 248 (13.71%) Scrum
7 239 (13.21%) Low Latency
8 202 (11.17%) Electronic Trading
9 179 (9.89%) Test Automation
10 172 (9.51%) Software Engineering
11 155 (8.57%) Continuous Integration
12 143 (7.90%) OO
13 115 (6.36%) Pair Programming
14 114 (6.30%) Performance Tuning
15 106 (5.86%) SDLC
16 99 (5.47%) Unit Testing
17 94 (5.20%) Continuous Delivery
18 93 (5.14%) Problem-Solving
19 92 (5.09%) Multithreaded Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,807 (99.89%) Java
2 469 (25.93%) Java 8
3 309 (17.08%) SQL
4 234 (12.94%) JavaScript
5 155 (8.57%) Python
6 112 (6.19%) Scala
7 95 (5.25%) C++
8 93 (5.14%) Kotlin
9 62 (3.43%) PL/SQL
10 57 (3.15%) TypeScript
11 39 (2.16%) Groovy
12 35 (1.93%) Shell Script
13 32 (1.77%) C#
14 31 (1.71%) Java 9
15 22 (1.22%) C
16 21 (1.16%) ES6
17 19 (1.05%) Go
18 17 (0.94%) Bash Shell
18 17 (0.94%) Haskell
19 13 (0.72%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 213 (11.77%) Security Cleared
2 188 (10.39%) SC Cleared
3 89 (4.92%) Degree
4 35 (1.93%) Computer Science Degree
5 24 (1.33%) DV Cleared
6 22 (1.22%) Numerate Degree
7 12 (0.66%) AWS Certification
8 10 (0.55%) Sun Certification
9 8 (0.44%) Master's Degree
10 7 (0.39%) CTC Cleared
10 7 (0.39%) OCPJP
11 6 (0.33%) BPSS Clearance
12 3 (0.17%) PhD
13 2 (0.11%) DBS Check
14 1 (0.055%) BC Cleared
14 1 (0.055%) CFA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (1.99%) QA
2 9 (0.50%) PMO
3 7 (0.39%) Data Quality
3 7 (0.39%) GDPR
3 7 (0.39%) ISO 20022
3 7 (0.39%) MiFID
4 4 (0.22%) SLA
5 2 (0.11%) ISO 15022
System Software
1 452 (24.99%) Docker
2 15 (0.83%) Platform Symphony
3 14 (0.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 5 (0.28%) GridGain
5 3 (0.17%) HDFS
6 2 (0.11%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.055%) NDS
7 1 (0.055%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 1 (0.055%) Postfix
7 1 (0.055%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.055%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.055%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 437 (24.16%) Kubernetes
2 79 (4.37%) Ansible
3 71 (3.92%) Terraform
4 27 (1.49%) Prometheus
5 22 (1.22%) Grafana
6 13 (0.72%) Puppet
7 11 (0.61%) Kibana
7 11 (0.61%) Opscode Chef
8 5 (0.28%) Istio
9 3 (0.17%) logstash
9 3 (0.17%) Mesos
9 3 (0.17%) Oozie
9 3 (0.17%) Zipkin
10 2 (0.11%) Argo
10 2 (0.11%) Docker Swarm
10 2 (0.11%) Hadoop YARN
10 2 (0.11%) linkerd
11 1 (0.055%) CloudHub
11 1 (0.055%) Single Sign-On
11 1 (0.055%) vRealize
Vendors
1 211 (11.66%) Oracle
2 56 (3.10%) Google
3 45 (2.49%) Atlassian
4 40 (2.21%) ION Trading
5 29 (1.60%) SAP
6 28 (1.55%) Splunk
6 28 (1.55%) TIBCO
7 27 (1.49%) IBM
8 26 (1.44%) MuleSoft
9 24 (1.33%) Sybase
10 22 (1.22%) BEA
11 21 (1.16%) Microsoft
12 20 (1.11%) AppDynamics
13 19 (1.05%) webMethods
14 14 (0.77%) Murex
15 13 (0.72%) Informatica
16 12 (0.66%) Confluent
17 11 (0.61%) Solace
18 9 (0.50%) WSO2
19 8 (0.44%) Red Hat