Period
to 1 April 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Public Cloud in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Public Cloud over the 6 months to 1 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public Cloud
UK > England
6 months to
1 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 246 290 385
Rank change year-on-year +44 +95 +103
Contract jobs citing Public Cloud 563 804 596
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.01% 0.91% 0.64%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.13% 2.84% 1.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 366 550 410
Median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
10th Percentile £409 £397 £375
90th Percentile £713 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £540 £538 £525
% change year-on-year +0.47% +2.38% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 4
Median hourly rate £57.50 £70.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.86% +55.56% -
UK median hourly rate £57.50 £70.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -17.86% +55.56% -

Public Cloud is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 18,013 28,311 30,574
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.20% 32.14% 32.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,368 18,555 20,244
Median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +5.11%
10th Percentile £250 £281 £265
90th Percentile £675 £675 £663
UK median daily rate £470 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 853 903 944
Median hourly rate £24.70 £21.00 £21.79
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.62% -3.60% +8.93%
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.88 £11.80
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate £25.50 £21.00 £21.70
% change year-on-year +21.43% -3.23% +9.85%

Public Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Public Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud in England.

Daily rate trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Public Cloud in England over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud in England.

Hourly rate trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Public Cloud in England over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Public Cloud within the England region over the 6 months to 1 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +41 246 £568 -1.30% 89
North of England +57 125 £550 +10.00% 39
South East +11 71 £465 -11.43% 23
South West +77 68 £531 +6.20% 15
North West +61 62 £550 - 8
North East +39 39 £450 -2.17% 7
Midlands +24 34 £550 +8.37% 39
Yorkshire +6 22 £493 -10.45% 24
East Midlands +43 18 £525 +16.67% 21
West Midlands +4 16 £586 +11.62% 18
East of England +22 10 £458 +5.48% 9
Public Cloud
UK

For the 6 months to 1 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Public Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Public Cloud.

1 402 (71.40%) AWS
2 355 (63.06%) Azure
3 217 (38.54%) DevOps
4 195 (34.64%) Agile Software Development
5 156 (27.71%) GCP
6 138 (24.51%) Kubernetes
7 129 (22.91%) Docker
8 123 (21.85%) Python
9 116 (20.60%) Terraform
10 107 (19.01%) SQL
11 106 (18.83%) Jenkins
12 98 (17.41%) Ansible
13 96 (17.05%) Java
14 94 (16.70%) Microservices
15 89 (15.81%) Finance
15 89 (15.81%) Migration
16 88 (15.63%) Security Cleared
17 81 (14.39%) Linux
18 80 (14.21%) Microsoft
19 74 (13.14%) IaaS
20 72 (12.79%) PaaS
21 71 (12.61%) Analytics
22 69 (12.26%) Data Centre
22 69 (12.26%) Google
23 68 (12.08%) Windows
24 66 (11.72%) SaaS
25 65 (11.55%) SC Cleared
26 64 (11.37%) VMware
27 63 (11.19%) PowerShell
28 62 (11.01%) Software Engineering

Public Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (3.20%) Apache
2 17 (3.02%) Apache Spark
3 13 (2.31%) Confluence
4 9 (1.60%) OpenStack
5 8 (1.42%) Tomcat
6 7 (1.24%) Elasticsearch
7 4 (0.71%) IIS
7 4 (0.71%) nginx
7 4 (0.71%) SAS
7 4 (0.71%) Skype for Business
8 3 (0.53%) MS Exchange
8 3 (0.53%) Oracle Workflow
8 3 (0.53%) Red Hat Fuse
8 3 (0.53%) SAP Portal
8 3 (0.53%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.36%) JBoss
9 2 (0.36%) WebLogic
10 1 (0.18%) Apache Airflow
10 1 (0.18%) lighttpd
10 1 (0.18%) MQSeries
Applications
1 9 (1.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.71%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.53%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.18%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (1.60%) FINCAD Analytics
1 9 (1.60%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (0.71%) NetSuite
3 2 (0.36%) SAP CRM
4 1 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.18%) Shopify
4 1 (0.18%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 402 (71.40%) AWS
2 355 (63.06%) Azure
3 156 (27.71%) GCP
4 74 (13.14%) IaaS
5 72 (12.79%) PaaS
6 66 (11.72%) SaaS
7 37 (6.57%) AWS CloudFormation
8 36 (6.39%) OpenShift
9 28 (4.97%) Office 365
10 27 (4.80%) Serverless
11 26 (4.62%) GitHub
11 26 (4.62%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 19 (3.37%) Azure Active Directory
13 16 (2.84%) Amazon S3
14 15 (2.66%) Cloud Computing
15 14 (2.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 11 (1.95%) Amazon EC2
17 10 (1.78%) Amazon ECS
17 10 (1.78%) AWS Lambda
18 9 (1.60%) AWS Step Functions
Communications & Networking
1 43 (7.64%) Firewall
2 26 (4.62%) DNS
3 19 (3.37%) VPN
4 15 (2.66%) Kerberos
5 14 (2.49%) WAN
6 11 (1.95%) DHCP
6 11 (1.95%) TCP/IP
7 10 (1.78%) HTTP
7 10 (1.78%) SAN
8 9 (1.60%) Network Security
9 8 (1.42%) Skype
9 8 (1.42%) SSL
10 7 (1.24%) Wireless
11 6 (1.07%) MPLS
11 6 (1.07%) NAS
12 5 (0.89%) Internet
12 5 (0.89%) LAN
12 5 (0.89%) Unified Communications
13 4 (0.71%) Intrusion Detection
13 4 (0.71%) X.500
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (8.70%) NoSQL
2 38 (6.75%) SQL Server
3 36 (6.39%) Big Data
4 28 (4.97%) PostgreSQL
5 22 (3.91%) Hadoop
5 22 (3.91%) MongoDB
6 19 (3.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 18 (3.20%) Flink
8 16 (2.84%) Apache Cassandra
9 15 (2.66%) Amazon RDS
9 15 (2.66%) MySQL
9 15 (2.66%) SAP HANA
10 14 (2.49%) Amazon Athena
10 14 (2.49%) Azure SQL Database
10 14 (2.49%) Data Warehouse
11 12 (2.13%) Amazon Redshift
11 12 (2.13%) HBase
12 11 (1.95%) Data Lake
13 9 (1.60%) Amazon Aurora
13 9 (1.60%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 106 (18.83%) Jenkins
2 38 (6.75%) Git (software)
3 34 (6.04%) GitLab
4 31 (5.51%) JIRA
5 24 (4.26%) Artifactory
6 14 (2.49%) Team Foundation Server
7 13 (2.31%) Maven
8 12 (2.13%) Bitbucket
9 10 (1.78%) Subversion
9 10 (1.78%) Visual Studio
10 9 (1.60%) Cucumber
10 9 (1.60%) Sonatype Nexus
10 9 (1.60%) TeamCity
11 8 (1.42%) SonarQube
12 5 (0.89%) JUnit
12 5 (0.89%) Visual Studio Team System
13 4 (0.71%) Bitbucket Server
14 3 (0.53%) Eclipse
14 3 (0.53%) Selenium
14 3 (0.53%) webpack
General
1 89 (15.81%) Finance
2 53 (9.41%) Public Sector
3 24 (4.26%) Banking
4 23 (4.09%) Front Office
5 12 (2.13%) Marketing
5 12 (2.13%) Retail
6 10 (1.78%) Manufacturing
7 9 (1.60%) Billing
7 9 (1.60%) Telecoms
8 6 (1.07%) Legal
9 5 (0.89%) Automotive
10 4 (0.71%) Investment Banking
11 3 (0.53%) Financial Institution
11 3 (0.53%) Local Government
12 2 (0.36%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.18%) Advertising
13 1 (0.18%) Electronics
13 1 (0.18%) Games
13 1 (0.18%) Law
Job Titles
1 159 (28.24%) Architect
2 94 (16.70%) DevOps Engineer
3 67 (11.90%) Cloud Architect
4 63 (11.19%) Developer
5 54 (9.59%) Cloud Engineer
6 42 (7.46%) Solutions Architect
7 33 (5.86%) AWS Engineer
8 32 (5.68%) Consultant
9 29 (5.15%) Azure Engineer
10 23 (4.09%) AWS DevOps
11 22 (3.91%) AWS Architect
11 22 (3.91%) AWS Developer
12 21 (3.73%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 19 (3.37%) Analyst
13 19 (3.37%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 19 (3.37%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 18 (3.20%) Senior DevOps
15 17 (3.02%) Enterprise Architect
15 17 (3.02%) Security Architect
16 16 (2.84%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 60 (10.66%) Web Services
2 44 (7.82%) .NET
3 39 (6.93%) Node.js
4 30 (5.33%) React
5 21 (3.73%) Spring
6 19 (3.37%) Kafka
6 19 (3.37%) REST
7 18 (3.20%) CSS
8 17 (3.02%) HTML
8 17 (3.02%) Spring Boot
9 16 (2.84%) AngularJS
10 15 (2.66%) SAML
11 12 (2.13%) J2EE
11 12 (2.13%) LDAP
12 10 (1.78%) GraphQL
12 10 (1.78%) Vue.js
12 10 (1.78%) XML
13 9 (1.60%) Jest
13 9 (1.60%) OAuth
13 9 (1.60%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 69 (12.26%) Data Centre
2 45 (7.99%) Hybrid Cloud
3 38 (6.75%) Private Cloud
4 32 (5.68%) Analytical Skills
5 25 (4.44%) Greenfield Project
6 24 (4.26%) Hedge funds
7 23 (4.09%) Derivative
7 23 (4.09%) Equities
7 23 (4.09%) Equity Derivative
7 23 (4.09%) Fixed Income
8 22 (3.91%) Cloud Native
9 17 (3.02%) PKI
10 16 (2.84%) Cyberthreat
11 15 (2.66%) Enterprise Software
12 14 (2.49%) Blog
13 12 (2.13%) Replication
14 10 (1.78%) Clustering
14 10 (1.78%) User Experience
15 9 (1.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 9 (1.60%) VxBlock/Vblock
Operating Systems
1 81 (14.39%) Linux
2 68 (12.08%) Windows
3 28 (4.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 23 (4.09%) Windows Server
5 16 (2.84%) CentOS
6 13 (2.31%) Ubuntu
7 9 (1.60%) Unix
7 9 (1.60%) Windows 10
8 6 (1.07%) Windows Server 2016
9 5 (0.89%) Windows Server 2008
10 3 (0.53%) Android
10 3 (0.53%) Apple iOS
11 2 (0.36%) DC/OS
11 2 (0.36%) VMS
11 2 (0.36%) Windows 7
11 2 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.18%) AIX
12 1 (0.18%) Amazon Linux
12 1 (0.18%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.18%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 217 (38.54%) DevOps
2 195 (34.64%) Agile Software Development
3 94 (16.70%) Microservices
4 89 (15.81%) Migration
5 71 (12.61%) Analytics
6 62 (11.01%) Software Engineering
7 55 (9.77%) Scrum
8 54 (9.59%) Open Source
9 52 (9.24%) Configuration Management
9 52 (9.24%) Infrastructure as Code
10 41 (7.28%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 39 (6.93%) Continuous Integration
12 37 (6.57%) High Availability
13 36 (6.39%) Mentoring
14 35 (6.22%) Data Analytics
15 31 (5.51%) Stakeholder Management
16 29 (5.15%) Technical Leadership
16 29 (5.15%) Test Automation
17 28 (4.97%) Continuous Improvement
17 28 (4.97%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 123 (21.85%) Python
2 107 (19.01%) SQL
3 96 (17.05%) Java
4 63 (11.19%) PowerShell
5 55 (9.77%) Bash Shell
6 45 (7.99%) JavaScript
7 30 (5.33%) C++
8 25 (4.44%) C#
8 25 (4.44%) Perl
9 22 (3.91%) R
10 18 (3.20%) Ruby
11 13 (2.31%) Go
11 13 (2.31%) Shell Script
12 12 (2.13%) C
13 10 (1.78%) Scala
14 8 (1.42%) Kotlin
14 8 (1.42%) TypeScript
15 7 (1.24%) Groovy
16 6 (1.07%) Java 8
17 5 (0.89%) PHP
Qualifications
1 88 (15.63%) Security Cleared
2 65 (11.55%) SC Cleared
3 34 (6.04%) Degree
4 20 (3.55%) BPSS Clearance
5 17 (3.02%) AWS Certification
6 12 (2.13%) Cisco Certification
6 12 (2.13%) GIAC
6 12 (2.13%) ISACA
7 11 (1.95%) Computer Science Degree
8 10 (1.78%) Microsoft Certification
9 8 (1.42%) CISSP
10 7 (1.24%) DV Cleared
10 7 (1.24%) TOGAF Certification
11 5 (0.89%) CCIE
11 5 (0.89%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 4 (0.71%) CISA
12 4 (0.71%) CISM
12 4 (0.71%) ITIL Certification
12 4 (0.71%) MCSA
12 4 (0.71%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (4.97%) NCSC
2 21 (3.73%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 21 (3.73%) QA
3 20 (3.55%) NIST
4 13 (2.31%) PCI DSS
5 7 (1.24%) GDPR
6 6 (1.07%) PMO
6 6 (1.07%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 4 (0.71%) GxP
8 3 (0.53%) Government Security Classifications
8 3 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.36%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.36%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.18%) COBIT
10 1 (0.18%) Cyber Essentials
10 1 (0.18%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 129 (22.91%) Docker
2 51 (9.06%) VMware Infrastructure
3 38 (6.75%) Active Directory
4 23 (4.09%) Hyper-V
5 12 (2.13%) vSphere
6 8 (1.42%) HDFS
7 7 (1.24%) VMware NSX
8 4 (0.71%) NDS
8 4 (0.71%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 1 (0.18%) OpenAM
9 1 (0.18%) OpenDJ
9 1 (0.18%) OpenIDM
9 1 (0.18%) vCloud
9 1 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.18%) Xen
9 1 (0.18%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 138 (24.51%) Kubernetes
2 116 (20.60%) Terraform
3 98 (17.41%) Ansible
4 59 (10.48%) Opscode Chef
5 54 (9.59%) Puppet
6 18 (3.20%) Nagios
6 18 (3.20%) SCCM
7 13 (2.31%) Prometheus
8 11 (1.95%) Grafana
9 9 (1.60%) logstash
10 8 (1.42%) Hadoop YARN
10 8 (1.42%) Packer
11 7 (1.24%) Single Sign-On
12 6 (1.07%) Mesos
12 6 (1.07%) Salt
13 4 (0.71%) Kibana
13 4 (0.71%) Kubeflow
13 4 (0.71%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 4 (0.71%) SCOM
13 4 (0.71%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 80 (14.21%) Microsoft
2 69 (12.26%) Google
3 64 (11.37%) VMware
4 41 (7.28%) Oracle
5 36 (6.39%) Cisco
6 20 (3.55%) SAP
7 18 (3.20%) Splunk
7 18 (3.20%) Tableau
8 17 (3.02%) Citrix
9 15 (2.66%) Red Hat
10 14 (2.49%) HP
10 14 (2.49%) Palo Alto
11 12 (2.13%) IBM
12 11 (1.95%) Cloudera
12 11 (1.95%) New Relic
13 10 (1.78%) Fortinet
13 10 (1.78%) Hortonworks
14 9 (1.60%) Sparx
15 6 (1.07%) Juniper
15 6 (1.07%) Meraki