Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Public Cloud in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Public Cloud over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public Cloud
UK > England
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 192 257 237
Rank change year-on-year +65 -20 +64
Contract jobs citing Public Cloud 1,069 552 408
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.47% 1.05% 1.11%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 4.53% 3.37% 3.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 708 370 289
10th Percentile £436 £413 £414
25th Percentile £501 £475 £481
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - -
75th Percentile £710 £650 £650
90th Percentile £846 £713 £789
UK median daily rate £600 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +9.09% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 5 4
10th Percentile £77.63 £39.60 £40.73
25th Percentile £77.81 £46.50 £46.69
Median hourly rate £81.25 £60.00 £53.75
Median % change year-on-year +35.42% +11.63% -23.21%
75th Percentile £85.31 - £69.38
90th Percentile £85.88 £69.75 £84.00
UK median hourly rate £54.00 £55.50 £53.75
% change year-on-year -2.70% +3.26% -10.42%

Public Cloud is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 23,587 16,392 11,491
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.52% 31.08% 31.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,929 11,126 7,721
10th Percentile £313 £300 £268
25th Percentile £438 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £675 £619 £601
90th Percentile £775 £713 £719
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £488
% change year-on-year +10.00% +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 607 611 408
10th Percentile £14.50 £12.02 £12.57
25th Percentile £17.53 £15.91 £16.00
Median hourly rate £26.50 £25.00 £24.70
Median % change year-on-year +6.00% +1.21% +17.62%
75th Percentile £50.00 £47.50 £46.13
90th Percentile £67.42 £60.00 £53.83
UK median hourly rate £26.50 £25.00 £24.71
% change year-on-year +6.00% +1.17% +18.20%

Public Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Public Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud in England.

Daily rate trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Public Cloud in England over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud in England.

Hourly rate trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Public Cloud within the England region over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +69 607 £625 +8.70% 84
North of England +6 133 £550 +4.76% 46
South East +9 109 £531 -2.75% 25
North West +2 69 £614 +22.75% 20
Yorkshire +11 61 £525 -6.67% 19
Midlands -21 43 £570 +33.80% 37
South West -10 36 £598 -10.08% 6
West Midlands -22 36 £560 +31.76% 28
East of England +6 35 £552 +19.35% 8
North East -6 17 £675 +22.73% 7
East Midlands -15 7 £613 +28.95% 9
Public Cloud
UK

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Public Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Public Cloud.

1 667 (62.39%) Azure
2 598 (55.94%) AWS
3 415 (38.82%) DevOps
4 393 (36.76%) Agile
5 295 (27.60%) Terraform
6 294 (27.50%) CI/CD
7 282 (26.38%) Microsoft
8 281 (26.29%) GCP
9 262 (24.51%) Finance
10 258 (24.13%) Social Skills
11 248 (23.20%) Python
12 244 (22.83%) Kubernetes
13 235 (21.98%) Migration
14 202 (18.90%) Docker
15 199 (18.62%) Infrastructure as Code
16 177 (16.56%) Linux
17 176 (16.46%) Java
18 164 (15.34%) Microservices
19 161 (15.06%) Ansible
20 160 (14.97%) Jenkins
21 150 (14.03%) PaaS
22 145 (13.56%) Security Cleared
23 142 (13.28%) Windows
24 140 (13.10%) PowerShell
25 136 (12.72%) Data Centre
26 134 (12.54%) IaaS
27 124 (11.60%) Git (software)
27 124 (11.60%) Scrum
28 121 (11.32%) Google
29 118 (11.04%) SC Cleared

Public Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (7.48%) Confluence
2 40 (3.74%) Apache Spark
3 37 (3.46%) Apache
4 29 (2.71%) SharePoint
5 14 (1.31%) Tomcat
6 13 (1.22%) MS Exchange
6 13 (1.22%) OpenStack
7 12 (1.12%) Apache Airflow
8 11 (1.03%) Cloud Foundry
9 9 (0.84%) Skype for Business
10 8 (0.75%) Exchange Server 2010
11 7 (0.65%) WebSphere
12 5 (0.47%) CMS
12 5 (0.47%) IIS
12 5 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 5 (0.47%) WebSphere Application Server
13 4 (0.37%) JBoss
13 4 (0.37%) nginx
13 4 (0.37%) WildFly
14 3 (0.28%) WebLogic
Applications
1 21 (1.96%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
3 3 (0.28%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 13 (1.22%) SAP S/4HANA
2 9 (0.84%) Oracle ERP
3 8 (0.75%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.28%) Maximo
5 2 (0.19%) Magento
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle Assets
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle FAH
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle General Ledger
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 2 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
5 2 (0.19%) SAP MM
5 2 (0.19%) SAP SD
5 2 (0.19%) Shopify
5 2 (0.19%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.094%) SAP IS-U
6 1 (0.094%) SAP PS
Cloud Services
1 667 (62.39%) Azure
2 598 (55.94%) AWS
3 281 (26.29%) GCP
4 150 (14.03%) PaaS
5 134 (12.54%) IaaS
6 80 (7.48%) SaaS
7 79 (7.39%) Azure DevOps
8 75 (7.02%) Microsoft 365
9 65 (6.08%) GitHub
10 63 (5.89%) Serverless
11 59 (5.52%) AWS CloudFormation
12 43 (4.02%) Azure AKS
13 40 (3.74%) Azure Active Directory
14 37 (3.46%) OpenShift
15 33 (3.09%) Azure Monitor
16 31 (2.90%) Cloud Computing
17 27 (2.53%) Amazon S3
18 26 (2.43%) Amazon EKS
18 26 (2.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 22 (2.06%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 89 (8.33%) DNS
1 89 (8.33%) Firewall
2 57 (5.33%) WAN
3 48 (4.49%) VPN
4 39 (3.65%) Network Security
5 34 (3.18%) LAN
6 33 (3.09%) DHCP
7 30 (2.81%) Internet
8 26 (2.43%) SD-WAN
9 20 (1.87%) MPLS
9 20 (1.87%) SSL
9 20 (1.87%) Wireless
10 18 (1.68%) BGP
11 15 (1.40%) IPsec
12 14 (1.31%) Ethernet
13 13 (1.22%) Cisco ISE
14 12 (1.12%) SAN
14 12 (1.12%) TCP/IP
15 11 (1.03%) ATM
15 11 (1.03%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (6.55%) Relational Database
2 69 (6.45%) SQL Server
3 41 (3.84%) NoSQL
4 37 (3.46%) MongoDB
5 32 (2.99%) Data Lake
6 31 (2.90%) MySQL
6 31 (2.90%) PostgreSQL
7 30 (2.81%) Big Data
8 27 (2.53%) Amazon RDS
9 26 (2.43%) Elasticsearch
10 25 (2.34%) Oracle Database
11 23 (2.15%) RDBMS
12 20 (1.87%) DB2
13 18 (1.68%) Data Warehouse
14 14 (1.31%) Hadoop
15 13 (1.22%) Power BI
16 9 (0.84%) Flink
16 9 (0.84%) Presto
17 8 (0.75%) DynamoDB
17 8 (0.75%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 160 (14.97%) Jenkins
2 124 (11.60%) Git (software)
3 96 (8.98%) JIRA
4 90 (8.42%) GitLab
5 57 (5.33%) TeamCity
6 37 (3.46%) Maven
7 29 (2.71%) Gradle
8 22 (2.06%) Octopus Deploy
8 22 (2.06%) Postman
8 22 (2.06%) Subversion
9 18 (1.68%) Bitbucket
9 18 (1.68%) SonarQube
10 11 (1.03%) Cucumber
11 10 (0.94%) Artifactory
11 10 (0.94%) CircleCI
12 8 (0.75%) git-flow
13 7 (0.65%) SoapUI
14 6 (0.56%) RSpec
14 6 (0.56%) Selenium
15 5 (0.47%) ClearQuest
General
1 262 (24.51%) Finance
2 258 (24.13%) Social Skills
3 108 (10.10%) Banking
4 75 (7.02%) Public Sector
5 57 (5.33%) Analytical Skills
6 42 (3.93%) Presentation Skills
7 33 (3.09%) Retail
8 26 (2.43%) Telecoms
9 23 (2.15%) Legal
10 19 (1.78%) Financial Institution
11 17 (1.59%) Documentation Skills
11 17 (1.59%) Military
12 15 (1.40%) Investment Banking
12 15 (1.40%) Police
13 14 (1.31%) Front Office
13 14 (1.31%) Influencing Skills
14 10 (0.94%) Marketing
15 9 (0.84%) Pharmaceutical
16 7 (0.65%) Organisational Skills
16 7 (0.65%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 349 (32.65%) Architect
2 131 (12.25%) Cloud Architect
3 120 (11.23%) DevOps Engineer
4 115 (10.76%) Solutions Architect
5 108 (10.10%) Developer
6 92 (8.61%) Cloud Engineer
7 88 (8.23%) Azure Architect
8 80 (7.48%) Azure Engineer
9 62 (5.80%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 50 (4.68%) Technical Architect
11 47 (4.40%) AWS Architect
12 46 (4.30%) Security Architect
13 43 (4.02%) AWS Engineer
13 43 (4.02%) Consultant
14 42 (3.93%) Data Engineer
15 35 (3.27%) Project Manager
16 33 (3.09%) Lead Architect
17 29 (2.71%) Security Engineer
18 28 (2.62%) Cloud Solutions Architect
19 27 (2.53%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 74 (6.92%) Kafka
2 66 (6.17%) Node.js
3 53 (4.96%) REST
4 52 (4.86%) JSON
5 43 (4.02%) RESTful
6 42 (3.93%) Web Services
7 30 (2.81%) CSS
7 30 (2.81%) HTML
8 28 (2.62%) Spring
9 26 (2.43%) .NET
10 19 (1.78%) AngularJS
10 19 (1.78%) React
11 17 (1.59%) Apache Camel
12 16 (1.50%) SOAP
13 15 (1.40%) ARM Templates
13 15 (1.40%) Elastic Stack
13 15 (1.40%) XML
14 14 (1.31%) Play Framework
14 14 (1.31%) Spring Boot
15 13 (1.22%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 136 (12.72%) Data Centre
2 77 (7.20%) Private Cloud
3 60 (5.61%) Hybrid Cloud
4 51 (4.77%) Cloud Native
5 40 (3.74%) Data Protection Act
6 35 (3.27%) Self-Motivation
7 33 (3.09%) Virtual Team
8 29 (2.71%) Enterprise Software
8 29 (2.71%) Management Information System
9 20 (1.87%) Clustering
9 20 (1.87%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 19 (1.78%) PKI
11 18 (1.68%) Greenfield Project
12 17 (1.59%) Enterprise Cloud
13 15 (1.40%) Hedge funds
14 13 (1.22%) Data Structures
15 10 (0.94%) Legacy Systems
16 9 (0.84%) User Experience
17 8 (0.75%) Linux Command Line
18 6 (0.56%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 177 (16.56%) Linux
2 142 (13.28%) Windows
3 59 (5.52%) Unix
4 47 (4.40%) Windows Server
5 23 (2.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 19 (1.78%) Windows Server 2012
7 14 (1.31%) VMS
7 14 (1.31%) Windows Server 2008
8 12 (1.12%) Ubuntu
8 12 (1.12%) Windows Server 2016
9 11 (1.03%) CentOS
10 8 (0.75%) Windows Server 2019
11 5 (0.47%) AIX
11 5 (0.47%) Windows 10
12 4 (0.37%) Solaris
13 3 (0.28%) Alpine Linux
13 3 (0.28%) Amazon Linux
13 3 (0.28%) Debian
14 2 (0.19%) SUSE
15 1 (0.094%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 415 (38.82%) DevOps
2 393 (36.76%) Agile
3 294 (27.50%) CI/CD
4 235 (21.98%) Migration
5 199 (18.62%) Infrastructure as Code
6 164 (15.34%) Microservices
7 124 (11.60%) Scrum
8 102 (9.54%) Problem-Solving
9 96 (8.98%) Stakeholder Management
10 89 (8.33%) Configuration Management
11 81 (7.58%) Test Automation
12 76 (7.11%) ITIL
12 76 (7.11%) Open Source
13 72 (6.74%) Infrastructure Engineering
14 70 (6.55%) Continuous Integration
15 68 (6.36%) Data Protection
15 68 (6.36%) SDLC
16 66 (6.17%) Mentoring
16 66 (6.17%) Software Engineering
17 62 (5.80%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 248 (23.20%) Python
2 176 (16.46%) Java
3 140 (13.10%) PowerShell
4 100 (9.35%) SQL
5 91 (8.51%) Go
6 84 (7.86%) JavaScript
7 78 (7.30%) Bash
8 51 (4.77%) C#
9 42 (3.93%) Scala
10 36 (3.37%) C
11 34 (3.18%) C++
12 25 (2.34%) Ruby
13 21 (1.96%) Perl
13 21 (1.96%) PL/SQL
14 20 (1.87%) TypeScript
15 9 (0.84%) PHP
15 9 (0.84%) Shell Script
16 6 (0.56%) ES6
16 6 (0.56%) Kotlin
17 5 (0.47%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 145 (13.56%) Security Cleared
2 118 (11.04%) SC Cleared
3 49 (4.58%) Degree
4 41 (3.84%) AWS Certification
5 26 (2.43%) Cisco Certification
6 19 (1.78%) Computer Science Degree
7 17 (1.59%) CISSP
8 15 (1.40%) BPSS Clearance
8 15 (1.40%) Microsoft Certification
9 14 (1.31%) CCNP
10 11 (1.03%) ITIL Certification
11 9 (0.84%) CCNA
12 8 (0.75%) CCIE
13 7 (0.65%) CCA
13 7 (0.65%) TOGAF Certification
14 6 (0.56%) Master's Degree
14 6 (0.56%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 5 (0.47%) CISM
15 5 (0.47%) MCSE
15 5 (0.47%) RHCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (2.81%) GDPR
2 25 (2.34%) QA
3 23 (2.15%) Accessibility
4 17 (1.59%) WCAG
5 16 (1.50%) NIST
5 16 (1.50%) SLA
6 7 (0.65%) Data Quality
6 7 (0.65%) NIST 800
6 7 (0.65%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.47%) NCSC
8 4 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
8 4 (0.37%) OASIS TOSCA
9 3 (0.28%) COBIT
9 3 (0.28%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.094%) FedRAMP
10 1 (0.094%) GRC
10 1 (0.094%) HITRUST
10 1 (0.094%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 1 (0.094%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 202 (18.90%) Docker
2 97 (9.07%) Active Directory
3 76 (7.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 38 (3.55%) Hyper-V
5 29 (2.71%) Virtual Machines
6 21 (1.96%) vSphere
7 14 (1.31%) VMware NSX
8 10 (0.94%) Virtual Desktop
9 8 (0.75%) vCloud
9 8 (0.75%) VMware Workstation
10 6 (0.56%) VMware ESXi
10 6 (0.56%) Xen
11 4 (0.37%) KVM
12 3 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
12 3 (0.28%) PowerHA
12 3 (0.28%) Virtual Servers
13 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 2 (0.19%) NFS
13 2 (0.19%) XenApp
14 1 (0.094%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 295 (27.60%) Terraform
2 244 (22.83%) Kubernetes
3 161 (15.06%) Ansible
4 65 (6.08%) Puppet
5 36 (3.37%) Prometheus
6 30 (2.81%) Opscode Chef
7 25 (2.34%) Microsoft Intune
8 21 (1.96%) SCCM
9 18 (1.68%) Grafana
10 17 (1.59%) Consul
11 14 (1.31%) Microsoft Clustering
11 14 (1.31%) Nagios
12 12 (1.12%) FortiGate
13 10 (0.94%) logstash
13 10 (0.94%) Packer
13 10 (0.94%) SCOM
13 10 (0.94%) vRealize
14 9 (0.84%) Argo
14 9 (0.84%) Single Sign-On
15 8 (0.75%) Kibana
Vendors
1 282 (26.38%) Microsoft
2 121 (11.32%) Google
3 118 (11.04%) Oracle
4 101 (9.45%) VMware
5 50 (4.68%) Cisco
6 37 (3.46%) Red Hat
7 33 (3.09%) Atlassian
8 31 (2.90%) ServiceNow
9 30 (2.81%) SAP
10 29 (2.71%) IBM
11 21 (1.96%) Databricks
11 21 (1.96%) F5
12 20 (1.87%) Fortinet
12 20 (1.87%) Palo Alto
13 18 (1.68%) Splunk
14 17 (1.59%) Citrix
15 15 (1.40%) CyberArk
16 12 (1.12%) CA
17 9 (0.84%) Salesforce.com
17 9 (0.84%) SolarWinds