Period
to 5 March 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Public Cloud in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Public Cloud over the 6 months to 5 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public Cloud
UK > England
6 months to
5 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 242 239 308
Rank change year-on-year -3 +69 +61
Contract jobs citing Public Cloud 414 649 778
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.06% 1.06% 0.86%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.10% 3.34% 2.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 327 423 555
Median daily rate £525 £550 £541
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +1.66% +3.05%
10th Percentile £364 £400 £399
90th Percentile £671 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £523 £550 £525
% change year-on-year -5.00% +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 1 1
Median hourly rate £57.50 £87.50 £70.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -34.29% +25.00% +84.77%
UK median hourly rate £54.25 £87.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -38.00% +75.00% +31.98%

Public Cloud is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 13,375 19,458 29,054
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.27% 31.78% 32.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,931 12,815 19,563
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £255 £250 £275
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £475
% change year-on-year +2.70% -2.63% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 557 828 899
Median hourly rate £25.50 £21.51 £20.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.54% +6.26% -3.60%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.44 £11.85
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.50 £48.75
Median hourly rate £25.75 £22.50 £20.11
% change year-on-year +14.44% +11.88% -4.24%

Public Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Public Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud in England.

Daily rate trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Public Cloud in England over the 6 months to 5 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud in England.

Hourly rate trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Public Cloud in England over the 6 months to 5 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Public Cloud within the England region over the 6 months to 5 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +30 241 £525 -8.70% 106
South East +58 48 £525 +5.00% 41
South West +31 32 £674 +22.55% 14
Midlands +34 28 £427 -23.64% 35
North of England -21 26 £500 -9.09% 53
North West -2 22 £500 -9.09% 30
West Midlands +37 21 £427 -27.13% 23
East Midlands +20 7 £675 +28.57% 12
East of England +45 4 £488 +6.56% 9
Yorkshire +35 3 - - 16
North East -3 1 £638 +48.26% 7
Public Cloud
UK

For the 6 months to 5 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Public Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Public Cloud.

1 231 (55.80%) Azure
2 223 (53.86%) AWS
3 157 (37.92%) DevOps
4 152 (36.71%) Agile Software Development
5 108 (26.09%) Finance
6 99 (23.91%) GCP
7 94 (22.71%) Kubernetes
8 89 (21.50%) Python
9 87 (21.01%) Microservices
10 85 (20.53%) Terraform
11 78 (18.84%) Linux
12 77 (18.60%) PaaS
13 75 (18.12%) Microsoft
14 72 (17.39%) IaaS
15 69 (16.67%) Security Cleared
16 68 (16.43%) Jenkins
17 67 (16.18%) Java
18 63 (15.22%) Docker
19 62 (14.98%) VMware
20 61 (14.73%) Windows
21 58 (14.01%) Ansible
22 56 (13.53%) SQL
23 54 (13.04%) Migration
23 54 (13.04%) Google
24 53 (12.80%) VMware Infrastructure
25 52 (12.56%) SC Cleared
26 50 (12.08%) Git (software)
27 47 (11.35%) Scrum
28 45 (10.87%) PowerShell
28 45 (10.87%) Private Cloud

Public Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (8.70%) Confluence
2 19 (4.59%) Elasticsearch
3 8 (1.93%) Apache Spark
4 7 (1.69%) CMS
5 6 (1.45%) WebSphere
5 6 (1.45%) WordPress
6 5 (1.21%) JBoss
6 5 (1.21%) SharePoint
7 4 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
7 4 (0.97%) NetWeaver
8 3 (0.72%) Tomcat
8 3 (0.72%) WildFly
9 2 (0.48%) Camunda
9 2 (0.48%) Oracle Workflow
9 2 (0.48%) Skype for Business
10 1 (0.24%) Exchange Server 2010
10 1 (0.24%) Exchange Server 2013
10 1 (0.24%) IBM HTTP Server
10 1 (0.24%) nginx
10 1 (0.24%) WebLogic Portal
Applications
1 2 (0.48%) Chatbot
1 2 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (0.97%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.72%) SAP S/4HANA
3 2 (0.48%) Shopify
4 1 (0.24%) Magento
4 1 (0.24%) SAP BPC
4 1 (0.24%) SAP CRM
4 1 (0.24%) SAP GRC
Cloud Services
1 231 (55.80%) Azure
2 223 (53.86%) AWS
3 99 (23.91%) GCP
4 77 (18.60%) PaaS
5 72 (17.39%) IaaS
6 43 (10.39%) SaaS
7 20 (4.83%) AWS CloudFormation
7 20 (4.83%) GitHub
7 20 (4.83%) Serverless
8 17 (4.11%) OpenShift
9 16 (3.86%) Amazon EC2
9 16 (3.86%) Microsoft 365
10 12 (2.90%) Cloud Computing
11 10 (2.42%) Amazon S3
11 10 (2.42%) AWS Lambda
11 10 (2.42%) Azure Active Directory
11 10 (2.42%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 7 (1.69%) Amazon EKS
13 5 (1.21%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 5 (1.21%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 27 (6.52%) Firewall
2 25 (6.04%) Internet
2 25 (6.04%) WAN
3 18 (4.35%) DNS
4 17 (4.11%) VPN
5 14 (3.38%) LAN
6 12 (2.90%) DHCP
6 12 (2.90%) Multicast
6 12 (2.90%) Network Security
7 10 (2.42%) MPLS
8 9 (2.17%) OSPF
8 9 (2.17%) SAN
9 8 (1.93%) TCP/IP
10 7 (1.69%) Wireless
11 6 (1.45%) BGP
11 6 (1.45%) Fibre Channel
11 6 (1.45%) Skype
11 6 (1.45%) VLAN
12 5 (1.21%) SSL
12 5 (1.21%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 21 (5.07%) NoSQL
1 21 (5.07%) SQL Server
2 18 (4.35%) Tableau
3 13 (3.14%) MongoDB
3 13 (3.14%) Tableau Server
4 12 (2.90%) Big Data
5 11 (2.66%) Relational Database
6 10 (2.42%) Hadoop
6 10 (2.42%) MySQL
6 10 (2.42%) PostgreSQL
7 8 (1.93%) Cosmos DB
7 8 (1.93%) SAP HANA
8 6 (1.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 5 (1.21%) Amazon RDS
9 5 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
10 4 (0.97%) Azure SQL Database
10 4 (0.97%) DB2
10 4 (0.97%) Oracle Database
10 4 (0.97%) RDBMS
10 4 (0.97%) Redis
Development Applications
1 68 (16.43%) Jenkins
2 50 (12.08%) Git (software)
3 41 (9.90%) JIRA
4 27 (6.52%) Bitbucket
5 19 (4.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 17 (4.11%) Cucumber
7 16 (3.86%) Selenium
8 14 (3.38%) Visual Studio
9 8 (1.93%) JUnit
9 8 (1.93%) TeamCity
10 7 (1.69%) CircleCI
10 7 (1.69%) Maven
11 6 (1.45%) Gatling
11 6 (1.45%) GitLab
11 6 (1.45%) Hudson
11 6 (1.45%) IntelliJ
11 6 (1.45%) LoadRunner
11 6 (1.45%) PyCharm
11 6 (1.45%) Visual Studio Code
12 5 (1.21%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 108 (26.09%) Finance
2 40 (9.66%) Public Sector
3 36 (8.70%) Banking
4 17 (4.11%) Telecoms
5 13 (3.14%) Marketing
6 10 (2.42%) Manufacturing
7 8 (1.93%) Retail
8 7 (1.69%) Automotive
8 7 (1.69%) Electronics
9 6 (1.45%) Retail Banking
10 5 (1.21%) Front Office
10 5 (1.21%) Legal
11 4 (0.97%) Law
12 3 (0.72%) Billing
12 3 (0.72%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.48%) Financial Institution
13 2 (0.48%) German Language
13 2 (0.48%) Investment Banking
14 1 (0.24%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 136 (32.85%) Architect
2 100 (24.15%) Developer
3 55 (13.29%) Cloud Architect
4 44 (10.63%) DevOps Engineer
5 35 (8.45%) Solutions Architect
6 26 (6.28%) Consultant
7 24 (5.80%) Java Developer
8 21 (5.07%) AWS Engineer
8 21 (5.07%) Technical Architect
9 20 (4.83%) Cloud Engineer
10 19 (4.59%) AWS Architect
10 19 (4.59%) AWS DevOps
10 19 (4.59%) Python Developer
11 18 (4.35%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 18 (4.35%) Azure Architect
11 18 (4.35%) Enterprise Architect
11 18 (4.35%) Senior Developer
12 17 (4.11%) Infrastructure Architect
13 16 (3.86%) Full Stack Developer
14 15 (3.62%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 34 (8.21%) .NET
1 34 (8.21%) Web Services
2 31 (7.49%) Node.js
3 30 (7.25%) Kafka
4 27 (6.52%) Spring
5 25 (6.04%) CSS
5 25 (6.04%) HTML
6 21 (5.07%) JSON
7 19 (4.59%) React
7 19 (4.59%) REST
8 18 (4.35%) AngularJS
8 18 (4.35%) HTML5
9 13 (3.14%) CSS3
10 12 (2.90%) Middleware
11 10 (2.42%) RESTful
12 9 (2.17%) Twisted
13 8 (1.93%) Spring Boot
14 7 (1.69%) Elastic Stack
14 7 (1.69%) Java EE
15 6 (1.45%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 45 (10.87%) Private Cloud
2 44 (10.63%) Data Centre
3 35 (8.45%) Analytical Skills
4 24 (5.80%) Hybrid Cloud
5 23 (5.56%) Cloud Native
6 13 (3.14%) Linux Command Line
7 10 (2.42%) Virtual Team
8 9 (2.17%) Mainframe
8 9 (2.17%) Market Risk
8 9 (2.17%) Swaptions
9 7 (1.69%) Greenfield Project
9 7 (1.69%) PKI
9 7 (1.69%) Self-Motivation
9 7 (1.69%) User Experience
10 6 (1.45%) Enterprise Cloud
10 6 (1.45%) Management Information System
11 4 (0.97%) Algorithms
11 4 (0.97%) Data Structures
11 4 (0.97%) iPad
11 4 (0.97%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 78 (18.84%) Linux
2 61 (14.73%) Windows
3 19 (4.59%) Unix
4 16 (3.86%) Windows Server
5 10 (2.42%) Windows Server 2008
6 8 (1.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (1.69%) Android
7 7 (1.69%) Apple iOS
7 7 (1.69%) Windows Server 2016
8 6 (1.45%) VMS
9 5 (1.21%) Windows 10
9 5 (1.21%) Windows 2000
9 5 (1.21%) Windows Server 2003
10 4 (0.97%) AIX
10 4 (0.97%) CoreOS
11 3 (0.72%) Debian
12 2 (0.48%) Windows 7
12 2 (0.48%) Windows 8
13 1 (0.24%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 157 (37.92%) DevOps
2 152 (36.71%) Agile Software Development
3 87 (21.01%) Microservices
4 54 (13.04%) Migration
5 47 (11.35%) Scrum
6 43 (10.39%) Infrastructure as Code
7 38 (9.18%) Continuous Integration
8 34 (8.21%) Test Automation
9 33 (7.97%) Open Source
10 31 (7.49%) Stakeholder Management
11 30 (7.25%) Configuration Management
11 30 (7.25%) Software Engineering
12 27 (6.52%) Data Modelling
12 27 (6.52%) TDD
13 26 (6.28%) Kanban
13 26 (6.28%) Problem-Solving
14 25 (6.04%) Decision-Making
14 25 (6.04%) Project Delivery
14 25 (6.04%) Requirements Gathering
15 24 (5.80%) Scaled Agile Framework
Programming Languages
1 89 (21.50%) Python
2 67 (16.18%) Java
3 56 (13.53%) SQL
4 45 (10.87%) PowerShell
5 40 (9.66%) JavaScript
6 36 (8.70%) Bash Shell
7 22 (5.31%) C#
8 20 (4.83%) Go
9 14 (3.38%) Java 8
10 13 (3.14%) Ruby
11 10 (2.42%) Shell Script
12 9 (2.17%) Kotlin
12 9 (2.17%) R
12 9 (2.17%) TypeScript
13 8 (1.93%) ES6
14 4 (0.97%) C
15 3 (0.72%) PHP
16 2 (0.48%) C++
16 2 (0.48%) Groovy
17 1 (0.24%) Perl
Qualifications
1 69 (16.67%) Security Cleared
2 52 (12.56%) SC Cleared
3 15 (3.62%) Degree
4 10 (2.42%) Cisco Certification
4 10 (2.42%) TOGAF Certification
5 9 (2.17%) AWS Certification
6 8 (1.93%) CCNP
7 6 (1.45%) CCNA
7 6 (1.45%) CISSP
8 5 (1.21%) CCIE
8 5 (1.21%) GIAC
8 5 (1.21%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 4 (0.97%) DV Cleared
9 4 (0.97%) RHCE
10 3 (0.72%) CISM
11 2 (0.48%) CISA
11 2 (0.48%) CITP
11 2 (0.48%) ITIL Certification
11 2 (0.48%) MCSE
11 2 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (3.62%) QA
2 9 (2.17%) NIST
3 6 (1.45%) COBIT
3 6 (1.45%) GDPR
3 6 (1.45%) NCSC
3 6 (1.45%) PCI DSS
4 5 (1.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.48%) Cyber Essentials
5 2 (0.48%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
5 2 (0.48%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.48%) ISO 20022
5 2 (0.48%) NIST 800
5 2 (0.48%) RMADS
5 2 (0.48%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (0.48%) SEPA
5 2 (0.48%) TARGET2
6 1 (0.24%) FedRAMP
6 1 (0.24%) FISMA
6 1 (0.24%) GLBA
6 1 (0.24%) Government Security Classifications
System Software
1 63 (15.22%) Docker
2 53 (12.80%) VMware Infrastructure
3 26 (6.28%) Active Directory
4 17 (4.11%) Hyper-V
5 12 (2.90%) vSphere
6 9 (2.17%) VMware NSX
7 5 (1.21%) Xen
7 5 (1.21%) XenApp
8 3 (0.72%) KVM
8 3 (0.72%) Microsoft App-V
9 2 (0.48%) XenDesktop
10 1 (0.24%) GlusterFS
10 1 (0.24%) NFS
10 1 (0.24%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.24%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 94 (22.71%) Kubernetes
2 85 (20.53%) Terraform
3 58 (14.01%) Ansible
4 23 (5.56%) Opscode Chef
5 18 (4.35%) Puppet
6 11 (2.66%) vRealize Orchestrator
7 10 (2.42%) Grafana
8 8 (1.93%) Nagios
8 8 (1.93%) Prometheus
8 8 (1.93%) Single Sign-On
8 8 (1.93%) Tivoli
9 7 (1.69%) logstash
10 6 (1.45%) Consul
10 6 (1.45%) Kibana
10 6 (1.45%) vRealize
11 5 (1.21%) FortiGate
12 4 (0.97%) Microsoft Intune
12 4 (0.97%) Packer
12 4 (0.97%) Rundeck
13 3 (0.72%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 75 (18.12%) Microsoft
2 62 (14.98%) VMware
3 54 (13.04%) Google
4 35 (8.45%) Oracle
5 25 (6.04%) Red Hat
6 22 (5.31%) Atlassian
7 20 (4.83%) Cisco
8 19 (4.59%) SAP
9 13 (3.14%) IBM
10 11 (2.66%) Salesforce.com
11 10 (2.42%) Citrix
11 10 (2.42%) HP
12 9 (2.17%) Murex
13 8 (1.93%) BMC
13 8 (1.93%) CA
13 8 (1.93%) Splunk
14 7 (1.69%) CheckPoint
15 6 (1.45%) Confluent
15 6 (1.45%) F5
16 4 (0.97%) Intel