Period
to 23 January 2022

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Public Cloud in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Public Cloud over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public Cloud
UK > England
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 200 255 256
Rank change year-on-year +55 +1 +68
Contract jobs citing Public Cloud 942 353 700
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.37% 1.03% 1.06%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 4.41% 3.25% 3.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 575 223 424
10th Percentile £463 £395 £400
25th Percentile £514 £429 £474
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% -4.55% +2.33%
75th Percentile £700 £600 £650
90th Percentile £775 £650 £700
UK median daily rate £600 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +14.29% -4.55% +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 2
10th Percentile £65.65 - £51.78
25th Percentile £69.25 £56.25 £56.69
Median hourly rate £75.00 £57.50 £69.75
Median % change year-on-year +30.43% -17.56% -
75th Percentile £81.25 £58.75 £84.19
90th Percentile - - £89.93
UK median hourly rate £75.00 £57.50 £69.75
% change year-on-year +30.43% -17.56% -

Public Cloud is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 21,366 10,878 18,950
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.15% 31.81% 28.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,287 7,411 12,586
10th Percentile £300 £256 £261
25th Percentile £419 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +13.16% - -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £585
90th Percentile £750 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £470
% change year-on-year +10.53% +1.06% -1.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 600 425 735
10th Percentile £12.48 £12.50 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.97 £17.25 £15.00
Median hourly rate £25.25 £26.27 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -3.88% +28.15% +1.31%
75th Percentile £49.50 £46.00 £43.88
90th Percentile £65.50 £58.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £26.27 £26.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year +1.04% +23.81% +5.00%

Public Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Public Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud in England.

Daily rate trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Public Cloud in England over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud in England.

Hourly rate trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Public Cloud within the England region over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +19 592 £618 +17.62% 194
North of England +23 100 £550 +10.00% 65
Midlands -41 51 £625 +46.37% 30
South East -60 49 £525 +7.69% 35
North West -19 48 £545 +6.34% 32
Yorkshire +4 47 £675 +35.00% 24
West Midlands -49 32 £650 +52.22% 22
East of England -20 30 £525 +7.69% 18
South West -41 23 £575 +3.60% 13
East Midlands -24 19 £625 +64.47% 7
North East +7 12 £660 +3.53% 9
Public Cloud
UK

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Public Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Public Cloud.

1 595 (63.16%) Azure
2 442 (46.92%) AWS
3 411 (43.63%) DevOps
4 386 (40.98%) Agile Software Development
5 302 (32.06%) Terraform
6 290 (30.79%) CI/CD
7 226 (23.99%) GCP
8 224 (23.78%) Kubernetes
9 217 (23.04%) Finance
10 214 (22.72%) Microsoft
11 200 (21.23%) Docker
12 187 (19.85%) PaaS
12 187 (19.85%) Social Skills
13 186 (19.75%) Infrastructure as Code
14 184 (19.53%) Python
15 183 (19.43%) Migration
16 173 (18.37%) Java
17 170 (18.05%) Linux
18 166 (17.62%) Jenkins
19 160 (16.99%) Microservices
20 157 (16.67%) Windows
21 155 (16.45%) Ansible
22 144 (15.29%) IaaS
23 132 (14.01%) PowerShell
24 127 (13.48%) Bash
25 126 (13.38%) GitHub
26 119 (12.63%) Open Source
27 113 (12.00%) JavaScript
28 107 (11.36%) AWS CloudFormation
29 106 (11.25%) SaaS

Public Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (2.76%) WebSphere
2 25 (2.65%) Elasticsearch
3 20 (2.12%) Apache
3 20 (2.12%) Tomcat
4 18 (1.91%) Confluence
4 18 (1.91%) JBoss
5 16 (1.70%) Apache Spark
6 15 (1.59%) OpenStack
7 13 (1.38%) WebLogic
8 10 (1.06%) NetWeaver
9 9 (0.96%) MS Exchange
10 8 (0.85%) SharePoint
11 7 (0.74%) Cloud Foundry
11 7 (0.74%) Exchange Server 2010
11 7 (0.74%) WebSphere Application Server
12 6 (0.64%) Apache Airflow
13 5 (0.53%) WildFly
14 3 (0.32%) IIS
14 3 (0.32%) nginx
14 3 (0.32%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 10 (1.06%) Microsoft Office
1 10 (1.06%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.32%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (0.42%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.32%) Cloudability
3 2 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
3 2 (0.21%) SAP CRM
3 2 (0.21%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
4 1 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.11%) Magento
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.11%) SAP PP
4 1 (0.11%) SAP QM
Cloud Services
1 595 (63.16%) Azure
2 442 (46.92%) AWS
3 226 (23.99%) GCP
4 187 (19.85%) PaaS
5 144 (15.29%) IaaS
6 126 (13.38%) GitHub
7 107 (11.36%) AWS CloudFormation
8 106 (11.25%) SaaS
9 72 (7.64%) Serverless
10 54 (5.73%) Microsoft 365
11 44 (4.67%) Azure Monitor
12 37 (3.93%) Azure Active Directory
13 34 (3.61%) Cloud Computing
14 28 (2.97%) Amazon S3
15 25 (2.65%) Amazon EC2
15 25 (2.65%) OpenShift
16 24 (2.55%) Azure Functions
17 22 (2.34%) Amazon EKS
18 21 (2.23%) Amazon ECS
18 21 (2.23%) Azure ExpressRoute
Communications & Networking
1 77 (8.17%) Firewall
2 66 (7.01%) DNS
3 57 (6.05%) Internet
4 44 (4.67%) Network Security
5 43 (4.56%) WAN
6 41 (4.35%) DHCP
7 40 (4.25%) VPN
8 26 (2.76%) BGP
9 19 (2.02%) SD-WAN
9 19 (2.02%) Wireless
10 18 (1.91%) MPLS
11 17 (1.80%) TCP/IP
12 14 (1.49%) Software-Defined Networking
13 13 (1.38%) VoIP
14 12 (1.27%) LAN
14 12 (1.27%) SSL
15 11 (1.17%) EIGRP
15 11 (1.17%) VLAN
16 10 (1.06%) IPsec
16 10 (1.06%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (6.16%) SQL Server
2 35 (3.72%) NoSQL
3 34 (3.61%) Relational Database
4 33 (3.50%) Big Data
5 25 (2.65%) MongoDB
6 24 (2.55%) DB2
6 24 (2.55%) MySQL
7 19 (2.02%) Azure SQL Database
8 17 (1.80%) Data Lake
9 14 (1.49%) Metadata
9 14 (1.49%) Oracle Database
10 13 (1.38%) Amazon Redshift
10 13 (1.38%) PostgreSQL
11 11 (1.17%) Power BI
12 10 (1.06%) Data Warehouse
12 10 (1.06%) SAP HANA
13 9 (0.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 8 (0.85%) BigQuery
14 8 (0.85%) RDBMS
14 8 (0.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 166 (17.62%) Jenkins
2 77 (8.17%) Git (software)
3 75 (7.96%) Maven
4 63 (6.69%) Gradle
4 63 (6.69%) TeamCity
5 52 (5.52%) GitLab
6 27 (2.87%) JIRA
7 18 (1.91%) Sonatype Nexus
8 14 (1.49%) Postman
9 13 (1.38%) Bitbucket
10 11 (1.17%) SonarQube
11 10 (1.06%) CircleCI
11 10 (1.06%) webpack
12 7 (0.74%) Artifactory
12 7 (0.74%) ClearCase
12 7 (0.74%) ClearQuest
13 6 (0.64%) Cucumber
13 6 (0.64%) git-flow
13 6 (0.64%) JUnit
14 5 (0.53%) Visual Studio
General
1 217 (23.04%) Finance
2 187 (19.85%) Social Skills
3 94 (9.98%) Banking
4 78 (8.28%) Public Sector
5 36 (3.82%) Retail
6 35 (3.72%) Legal
7 31 (3.29%) Telecoms
8 30 (3.18%) Analytical Skills
9 28 (2.97%) Investment Banking
10 25 (2.65%) Billing
10 25 (2.65%) Financial Institution
11 23 (2.44%) Marketing
11 23 (2.44%) Presentation Skills
12 16 (1.70%) Manufacturing
13 13 (1.38%) Documentation Skills
13 13 (1.38%) Electronics
13 13 (1.38%) Front Office
14 11 (1.17%) Military
15 10 (1.06%) Police
16 9 (0.96%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 329 (34.93%) Architect
2 124 (13.16%) Solutions Architect
3 97 (10.30%) Cloud Architect
3 97 (10.30%) Cloud Engineer
4 90 (9.55%) Developer
5 86 (9.13%) DevOps Engineer
6 79 (8.39%) Azure Engineer
7 72 (7.64%) Technical Architect
8 66 (7.01%) Azure Architect
9 45 (4.78%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 44 (4.67%) AWS Engineer
11 43 (4.56%) Lead Architect
12 38 (4.03%) Cloud Solutions Architect
12 38 (4.03%) Consultant
12 38 (4.03%) Security Architect
13 37 (3.93%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 37 (3.93%) Technical Leader
14 32 (3.40%) Infrastructure Architect
15 24 (2.55%) Analyst
16 23 (2.44%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 77 (8.17%) REST
2 64 (6.79%) Node.js
3 55 (5.84%) Kafka
4 37 (3.93%) .NET
5 35 (3.72%) React
6 34 (3.61%) Web Services
7 32 (3.40%) JSON
8 28 (2.97%) CSS
8 28 (2.97%) HTML
9 25 (2.65%) RESTful
9 25 (2.65%) SOAP
10 23 (2.44%) Spring
11 18 (1.91%) ARM Templates
11 18 (1.91%) Middleware
12 17 (1.80%) Elastic Stack
13 15 (1.59%) HTML5
14 12 (1.27%) AngularJS
14 12 (1.27%) CSS3
14 12 (1.27%) Spring Boot
14 12 (1.27%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 88 (9.34%) Cloud Native
2 83 (8.81%) Private Cloud
3 75 (7.96%) Data Centre
4 67 (7.11%) Hybrid Cloud
5 40 (4.25%) Self-Motivation
6 24 (2.55%) Hedge funds
7 23 (2.44%) PKI
8 22 (2.34%) Clustering
9 19 (2.02%) User Experience
10 18 (1.91%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 16 (1.70%) Enterprise Cloud
11 16 (1.70%) Enterprise Software
11 16 (1.70%) Mobile App
12 14 (1.49%) Greenfield Project
13 13 (1.38%) Virtual Team
14 12 (1.27%) CMDB
14 12 (1.27%) Management Information System
15 10 (1.06%) Data Protection Act
16 9 (0.96%) Derivative
17 7 (0.74%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 170 (18.05%) Linux
2 157 (16.67%) Windows
3 62 (6.58%) Unix
4 40 (4.25%) Windows Server
5 35 (3.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 16 (1.70%) Ubuntu
7 14 (1.49%) AIX
7 14 (1.49%) CentOS
8 11 (1.17%) Debian
8 11 (1.17%) Windows Server 2012
9 9 (0.96%) Amazon Linux
9 9 (0.96%) Oracle Linux
9 9 (0.96%) Windows Server 2019
10 8 (0.85%) Windows Server 2008
11 6 (0.64%) Solaris
12 5 (0.53%) Windows 10
12 5 (0.53%) Windows Server 2016
13 4 (0.42%) Mac OS
13 4 (0.42%) VMS
14 3 (0.32%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 411 (43.63%) DevOps
2 386 (40.98%) Agile Software Development
3 290 (30.79%) CI/CD
4 186 (19.75%) Infrastructure as Code
5 183 (19.43%) Migration
6 160 (16.99%) Microservices
7 119 (12.63%) Open Source
8 105 (11.15%) Stakeholder Management
9 104 (11.04%) Collaborative Working
10 86 (9.13%) Analytics
11 85 (9.02%) Configuration Management
12 84 (8.92%) Scrum
13 75 (7.96%) Problem-Solving
14 71 (7.54%) ITIL
15 64 (6.79%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 63 (6.69%) Cybersecurity
17 61 (6.48%) SDLC
18 53 (5.63%) Load Balancing
19 51 (5.41%) Infrastructure Automation
19 51 (5.41%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 184 (19.53%) Python
2 173 (18.37%) Java
3 132 (14.01%) PowerShell
4 127 (13.48%) Bash
5 113 (12.00%) JavaScript
6 105 (11.15%) SQL
7 56 (5.94%) C#
8 46 (4.88%) Ruby
9 45 (4.78%) Go
10 21 (2.23%) Shell Script
11 20 (2.12%) TypeScript
12 19 (2.02%) C
12 19 (2.02%) Perl
13 14 (1.49%) Scala
14 11 (1.17%) C++
15 10 (1.06%) ES6
16 9 (0.96%) PHP
16 9 (0.96%) PL/SQL
17 8 (0.85%) Java 8
18 6 (0.64%) R
Qualifications
1 94 (9.98%) Security Cleared
2 66 (7.01%) SC Cleared
3 47 (4.99%) Degree
4 39 (4.14%) Cisco Certification
5 31 (3.29%) AWS Certification
6 25 (2.65%) CCNP
7 21 (2.23%) Computer Science Degree
8 20 (2.12%) CISSP
9 18 (1.91%) DV Cleared
10 17 (1.80%) BPSS Clearance
11 14 (1.49%) CCIE
12 9 (0.96%) Microsoft Certification
13 7 (0.74%) CCNA
13 7 (0.74%) CEH
13 7 (0.74%) TOGAF Certification
14 6 (0.64%) CISA
14 6 (0.64%) CISM
14 6 (0.64%) RHCE
15 5 (0.53%) CRISC
16 4 (0.42%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (4.46%) GDPR
2 27 (2.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 25 (2.65%) QA
4 21 (2.23%) GRC
5 18 (1.91%) PCI DSS
6 15 (1.59%) Accessibility
7 14 (1.49%) COBIT
8 12 (1.27%) NIST
9 10 (1.06%) NCSC
9 10 (1.06%) WCAG
10 9 (0.96%) SLA
11 8 (0.85%) Data Quality
12 6 (0.64%) HIPAA
13 5 (0.53%) SOC 2
14 3 (0.32%) PMO
15 2 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
16 1 (0.11%) HMG Security Policy Framework
16 1 (0.11%) ISO 9000
16 1 (0.11%) JSP 440
16 1 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 200 (21.23%) Docker
2 90 (9.55%) Active Directory
3 67 (7.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (2.87%) VMware NSX
4 27 (2.87%) vSphere
5 23 (2.44%) Virtual Machines
6 21 (2.23%) Hyper-V
7 13 (1.38%) NFS
8 6 (0.64%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 6 (0.64%) Microsoft App-V
8 6 (0.64%) vCloud
8 6 (0.64%) Virtual Desktop
9 5 (0.53%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (0.42%) VMFS
10 4 (0.42%) VMware Workstation
11 2 (0.21%) Ceph
11 2 (0.21%) RHEV
12 1 (0.11%) HDFS
12 1 (0.11%) LXC
12 1 (0.11%) Slurm Workload Manager
Systems Management
1 302 (32.06%) Terraform
2 224 (23.78%) Kubernetes
3 155 (16.45%) Ansible
4 62 (6.58%) Prometheus
5 54 (5.73%) Opscode Chef
6 36 (3.82%) Grafana
7 32 (3.40%) Puppet
8 26 (2.76%) Consul
9 21 (2.23%) Kibana
9 21 (2.23%) Nagios
10 18 (1.91%) Microsoft Clustering
10 18 (1.91%) vRealize
11 16 (1.70%) Active Directory Federation Services
12 14 (1.49%) logstash
13 13 (1.38%) vRealize Orchestrator
14 11 (1.17%) Packer
15 10 (1.06%) Cisco CUCM
15 10 (1.06%) Docker Swarm
15 10 (1.06%) RSA Archer
15 10 (1.06%) SCCM
Vendors
1 214 (22.72%) Microsoft
2 84 (8.92%) Google
3 81 (8.60%) VMware
4 74 (7.86%) Oracle
5 68 (7.22%) Red Hat
6 60 (6.37%) Cisco
7 42 (4.46%) Databricks
8 30 (3.18%) SAP
9 26 (2.76%) IBM
10 25 (2.65%) Citrix
11 18 (1.91%) F5
12 17 (1.80%) CheckPoint
12 17 (1.80%) Palo Alto
13 16 (1.70%) NetApp
14 15 (1.59%) ServiceNow
15 14 (1.49%) Qualys
16 12 (1.27%) Kenna
16 12 (1.27%) Splunk
17 11 (1.17%) Fortinet
18 9 (0.96%) Software AG