Period
to 24 July 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Public Cloud in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Public Cloud over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public Cloud
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 250 243 302
Rank change year-on-year -7 +59 +102
Contract jobs citing Public Cloud 626 360 769
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.11% 1.08% 0.92%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.61% 3.48% 3.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 418 257 494
10th Percentile £413 £414 £400
25th Percentile £475 £481 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £550
75th Percentile £674 £638 £638
90th Percentile £725 £775 £700
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 3 1
Median hourly rate £60.00 £50.00 £70.00
Median % change year-on-year +20.00% -28.57% +154.55%
UK median hourly rate £55.50 £50.00 £60.00
% change year-on-year +11.00% -16.67% +118.18%

Public Cloud is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 17,353 10,358 24,702
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.66% 31.03% 29.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,851 6,992 16,431
10th Percentile £303 £269 £288
25th Percentile £406 £397 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £510 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £625 £613 £588
90th Percentile £713 £725 £675
UK median daily rate £500 £495 £475
% change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 627 357 820
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.42 £11.85
25th Percentile £15.21 £16.25 £14.06
Median hourly rate £24.27 £25.50 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -4.82% +24.39% -14.58%
75th Percentile £47.50 £47.25 £46.36
90th Percentile £60.70 £54.25 £53.00
UK median hourly rate £24.04 £25.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -3.84% +25.00% -13.04%

Public Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Public Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud in England.

Daily rate trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Public Cloud in England over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud in England.

Hourly rate trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Public Cloud in England over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Public Cloud within the England region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +12 340 £590 +7.27% 154
North of England -7 89 £525 -10.13% 76
South East -21 66 £550 -1.12% 31
North West -12 41 £500 -9.09% 40
South West -27 40 £653 +18.64% 17
Yorkshire +6 33 £588 -2.08% 24
Midlands -34 31 £445 -15.24% 51
West Midlands -30 23 £425 -22.73% 40
North East 0 15 £550 +10.00% 12
East of England -7 15 £463 +2.21% 14
East Midlands -25 8 £575 +9.52% 11
Public Cloud
UK

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Public Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Public Cloud.

1 394 (62.94%) Azure
2 369 (58.95%) AWS
3 288 (46.01%) DevOps
4 233 (37.22%) Agile Software Development
5 174 (27.80%) Terraform
6 166 (26.52%) GCP
7 156 (24.92%) Kubernetes
7 156 (24.92%) Social Skills
8 150 (23.96%) Microsoft
9 145 (23.16%) Finance
10 141 (22.52%) PaaS
11 131 (20.93%) IaaS
12 130 (20.77%) Ansible
13 125 (19.97%) Docker
13 125 (19.97%) Microservices
14 119 (19.01%) Linux
14 119 (19.01%) Infrastructure as Code
15 116 (18.53%) Python
16 102 (16.29%) Java
17 101 (16.13%) Google
18 100 (15.97%) Windows
19 98 (15.65%) Jenkins
20 97 (15.50%) Migration
21 92 (14.70%) VMware
22 86 (13.74%) Security Cleared
23 83 (13.26%) Data Centre
24 81 (12.94%) Public Sector
25 80 (12.78%) PowerShell
26 74 (11.82%) Open Source
27 72 (11.50%) VMware Infrastructure

Public Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (3.04%) Tomcat
2 18 (2.88%) Confluence
3 14 (2.24%) SharePoint
4 12 (1.92%) Apache Spark
5 11 (1.76%) Apache
5 11 (1.76%) Elasticsearch
6 8 (1.28%) IBM Domino
7 7 (1.12%) WebSphere
8 5 (0.80%) IIS
9 4 (0.64%) JBoss
9 4 (0.64%) MS Exchange
9 4 (0.64%) NetWeaver
9 4 (0.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 4 (0.64%) SharePoint 2010
9 4 (0.64%) SharePoint 2013
10 3 (0.48%) nginx
11 2 (0.32%) CMS
11 2 (0.32%) SAS
11 2 (0.32%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.32%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 5 (0.80%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.64%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.16%) Figma
3 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 4 (0.64%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.48%) Cloudability
2 3 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.48%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.32%) Magento
3 2 (0.32%) Oracle Payables
3 2 (0.32%) Shopify
4 1 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.16%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 394 (62.94%) Azure
2 369 (58.95%) AWS
3 166 (26.52%) GCP
4 141 (22.52%) PaaS
5 131 (20.93%) IaaS
6 69 (11.02%) SaaS
7 52 (8.31%) AWS CloudFormation
8 41 (6.55%) Serverless
9 39 (6.23%) OpenShift
10 34 (5.43%) GitHub
11 31 (4.95%) Microsoft 365
12 22 (3.51%) Azure Active Directory
13 21 (3.35%) Amazon S3
14 19 (3.04%) Cloud Computing
15 17 (2.72%) Amazon EKS
16 15 (2.40%) Azure Data Factory
17 13 (2.08%) AWS Lambda
17 13 (2.08%) Azure ExpressRoute
18 12 (1.92%) Azure Cosmos DB
19 11 (1.76%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 32 (5.11%) Firewall
2 31 (4.95%) WAN
3 29 (4.63%) DNS
4 23 (3.67%) Network Security
5 21 (3.35%) VPN
6 20 (3.19%) Internet
7 17 (2.72%) DHCP
7 17 (2.72%) LAN
8 16 (2.56%) TCP/IP
9 14 (2.24%) SAN
10 12 (1.92%) OSPF
11 11 (1.76%) SSL
12 10 (1.60%) Wireless
13 9 (1.44%) BGP
13 9 (1.44%) HTTP
14 7 (1.12%) Ethernet
14 7 (1.12%) IPv4
14 7 (1.12%) MPLS
14 7 (1.12%) VLAN
14 7 (1.12%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (5.43%) SQL Server
2 27 (4.31%) PostgreSQL
3 21 (3.35%) Big Data
4 19 (3.04%) NoSQL
5 18 (2.88%) MongoDB
5 18 (2.88%) MySQL
6 14 (2.24%) Azure SQL Database
6 14 (2.24%) Hadoop
7 13 (2.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 12 (1.92%) Data Lake
8 12 (1.92%) Tableau
9 11 (1.76%) Data Warehouse
10 8 (1.28%) Relational Database
11 7 (1.12%) Amazon RDS
11 7 (1.12%) Apache Cassandra
11 7 (1.12%) Metadata
12 6 (0.96%) Neo4j
12 6 (0.96%) SAP HANA
12 6 (0.96%) Tableau Server
13 5 (0.80%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 98 (15.65%) Jenkins
2 60 (9.58%) Git (software)
3 37 (5.91%) Maven
4 29 (4.63%) JIRA
5 19 (3.04%) GitLab
6 18 (2.88%) Bitbucket
6 18 (2.88%) Gradle
6 18 (2.88%) TeamCity
7 15 (2.40%) Sonatype Nexus
8 14 (2.24%) Cucumber
8 14 (2.24%) SonarQube
9 13 (2.08%) JUnit
10 10 (1.60%) Postman
11 7 (1.12%) Visual Studio
12 6 (0.96%) Vagrant
13 5 (0.80%) Artifactory
13 5 (0.80%) Spinnaker
14 4 (0.64%) Eclipse
14 4 (0.64%) git-flow
14 4 (0.64%) Selenium
General
1 156 (24.92%) Social Skills
2 145 (23.16%) Finance
3 81 (12.94%) Public Sector
4 47 (7.51%) Banking
5 34 (5.43%) Retail
6 23 (3.67%) Manufacturing
7 22 (3.51%) Analytical Skills
7 22 (3.51%) Telecoms
8 21 (3.35%) Marketing
9 20 (3.19%) Electronics
10 15 (2.40%) Presentation Skills
11 10 (1.60%) Influencing Skills
12 9 (1.44%) Billing
12 9 (1.44%) Investment Banking
13 8 (1.28%) Legal
14 7 (1.12%) Documentation Skills
15 6 (0.96%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 6 (0.96%) Organisational Skills
16 5 (0.80%) Financial Institution
17 3 (0.48%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 266 (42.49%) Architect
2 106 (16.93%) Cloud Architect
3 83 (13.26%) DevOps Engineer
4 68 (10.86%) Solutions Architect
5 55 (8.79%) Technical Architect
6 52 (8.31%) Azure Architect
7 51 (8.15%) Cloud Engineer
8 49 (7.83%) Developer
9 40 (6.39%) Azure Engineer
10 39 (6.23%) AWS Engineer
11 38 (6.07%) AWS Architect
12 37 (5.91%) Consultant
13 34 (5.43%) Infrastructure Architect
14 26 (4.15%) Azure DevOps
15 25 (3.99%) AWS DevOps
15 25 (3.99%) Azure DevOps Engineer
15 25 (3.99%) Enterprise Architect
16 23 (3.67%) Security Architect
17 22 (3.51%) AWS DevOps Engineer
18 19 (3.04%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (6.71%) .NET
2 40 (6.39%) Web Services
3 38 (6.07%) JSON
4 29 (4.63%) Node.js
5 28 (4.47%) Spring
6 25 (3.99%) Kafka
7 24 (3.83%) YAML
8 23 (3.67%) RESTful
9 21 (3.35%) OAuth
9 21 (3.35%) React
10 19 (3.04%) AngularJS
11 18 (2.88%) Middleware
11 18 (2.88%) OpenID
12 17 (2.72%) SAML
13 15 (2.40%) Spring Boot
14 12 (1.92%) JPA
15 11 (1.76%) CSS
16 10 (1.60%) Spring Security
16 10 (1.60%) Swagger
17 9 (1.44%) OAuth2
Miscellaneous
1 83 (13.26%) Data Centre
2 57 (9.11%) Cloud Native
3 45 (7.19%) Private Cloud
4 28 (4.47%) Hybrid Cloud
5 13 (2.08%) iPad
5 13 (2.08%) Self-Motivation
6 12 (1.92%) Greenfield Project
6 12 (1.92%) Legacy Applications
7 10 (1.60%) NHS
8 9 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
8 9 (1.44%) Linux Command Line
8 9 (1.44%) Management Information System
8 9 (1.44%) PKI
9 8 (1.28%) Algorithms
9 8 (1.28%) Virtual Team
10 7 (1.12%) CMDB
11 6 (0.96%) Clustering
11 6 (0.96%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 6 (0.96%) Legacy Systems
11 6 (0.96%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 119 (19.01%) Linux
2 100 (15.97%) Windows
3 30 (4.79%) Windows Server
4 25 (3.99%) Unix
5 19 (3.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 13 (2.08%) Windows Server 2016
7 11 (1.76%) Windows Server 2008
8 9 (1.44%) VMS
9 7 (1.12%) Windows 10
10 5 (0.80%) AIX
10 5 (0.80%) CentOS
10 5 (0.80%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.80%) Windows 2000
10 5 (0.80%) Windows Server 2003
10 5 (0.80%) Windows Server 2019
11 3 (0.48%) CoreOS
12 2 (0.32%) Debian
12 2 (0.32%) Oracle Linux
13 1 (0.16%) Android
13 1 (0.16%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 288 (46.01%) DevOps
2 233 (37.22%) Agile Software Development
3 125 (19.97%) Microservices
4 119 (19.01%) Infrastructure as Code
5 97 (15.50%) Migration
6 74 (11.82%) Open Source
7 55 (8.79%) Scrum
8 54 (8.63%) Configuration Management
9 48 (7.67%) Continuous Integration
10 44 (7.03%) Project Delivery
11 41 (6.55%) Cybersecurity
11 41 (6.55%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 38 (6.07%) Analytics
12 38 (6.07%) Site Reliability Engineering
13 36 (5.75%) ITIL
14 35 (5.59%) E-Commerce
15 34 (5.43%) SDLC
16 32 (5.11%) TDD
17 30 (4.79%) Problem-Solving
18 29 (4.63%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 116 (18.53%) Python
2 102 (16.29%) Java
3 80 (12.78%) PowerShell
4 72 (11.50%) SQL
5 60 (9.58%) Bash Shell
6 46 (7.35%) JavaScript
7 28 (4.47%) Go
8 22 (3.51%) C#
9 21 (3.35%) Ruby
10 15 (2.40%) Java 8
10 15 (2.40%) Scala
10 15 (2.40%) TypeScript
11 11 (1.76%) PHP
12 10 (1.60%) Groovy
12 10 (1.60%) Perl
13 8 (1.28%) R
14 7 (1.12%) Kotlin
15 5 (0.80%) PL/SQL
16 4 (0.64%) C
16 4 (0.64%) C++
Qualifications
1 86 (13.74%) Security Cleared
2 56 (8.95%) SC Cleared
3 20 (3.19%) AWS Certification
4 19 (3.04%) Cisco Certification
4 19 (3.04%) CISSP
5 11 (1.76%) Degree
6 9 (1.44%) CCIE
6 9 (1.44%) CCNP
6 9 (1.44%) CRISC
6 9 (1.44%) DV Cleared
7 6 (0.96%) BPSS Clearance
7 6 (0.96%) Computer Science Degree
7 6 (0.96%) Microsoft Certification
8 5 (0.80%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 5 (0.80%) CCNA
8 5 (0.80%) CISM
8 5 (0.80%) GIAC
8 5 (0.80%) RHCE
8 5 (0.80%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 3 (0.48%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (3.83%) GDPR
2 21 (3.35%) PCI DSS
3 19 (3.04%) NIST
4 14 (2.24%) QA
5 10 (1.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 8 (1.28%) Cyber Essentials
7 4 (0.64%) COBIT
8 3 (0.48%) Disclosure Scotland
9 2 (0.32%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 2 (0.32%) SLA
10 1 (0.16%) Accessibility
10 1 (0.16%) Data Quality
10 1 (0.16%) GRC
10 1 (0.16%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.16%) IFRS
10 1 (0.16%) ISO 20022
10 1 (0.16%) NIST 800
10 1 (0.16%) PMO
10 1 (0.16%) PSD2
10 1 (0.16%) TARGET2
System Software
1 125 (19.97%) Docker
2 72 (11.50%) VMware Infrastructure
3 43 (6.87%) Active Directory
4 32 (5.11%) Hyper-V
5 18 (2.88%) vSphere
6 15 (2.40%) VMware NSX
7 12 (1.92%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (1.92%) XenApp
8 9 (1.44%) Microsoft App-V
9 7 (1.12%) NFS
10 5 (0.80%) VMware ESXi
11 4 (0.64%) RACF
12 3 (0.48%) HDFS
12 3 (0.48%) XenDesktop
13 2 (0.32%) Slurm Workload Manager
13 2 (0.32%) Virtual Servers
14 1 (0.16%) GlusterFS
14 1 (0.16%) vCloud
14 1 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
14 1 (0.16%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 174 (27.80%) Terraform
2 156 (24.92%) Kubernetes
3 130 (20.77%) Ansible
4 51 (8.15%) Puppet
5 43 (6.87%) Opscode Chef
6 42 (6.71%) Prometheus
7 36 (5.75%) Grafana
8 22 (3.51%) Nagios
9 20 (3.19%) Packer
10 14 (2.24%) vRealize Orchestrator
11 12 (1.92%) SCCM
11 12 (1.92%) vRealize
12 10 (1.60%) Consul
12 10 (1.60%) Single Sign-On
13 9 (1.44%) Tivoli
14 7 (1.12%) vCenter Server
15 6 (0.96%) Icinga
16 5 (0.80%) FortiGate
16 5 (0.80%) Kibana
16 5 (0.80%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 150 (23.96%) Microsoft
2 101 (16.13%) Google
3 92 (14.70%) VMware
4 54 (8.63%) Oracle
5 35 (5.59%) Red Hat
6 33 (5.27%) IBM
7 32 (5.11%) SAP
8 28 (4.47%) Cisco
9 23 (3.67%) Citrix
10 16 (2.56%) Databricks
11 11 (1.76%) F5
11 11 (1.76%) HP
11 11 (1.76%) Palo Alto
11 11 (1.76%) ServiceNow
12 10 (1.60%) CA
12 10 (1.60%) Splunk
13 9 (1.44%) BMC
13 9 (1.44%) Salesforce.com
14 8 (1.28%) Atlassian
14 8 (1.28%) Xerox