Period
to 17 May 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Public Cloud in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Public Cloud over the 6 months to 17 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public Cloud
UK > England
6 months to
17 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 241 253 299
Rank change year-on-year +12 +46 +92
Contract jobs citing Public Cloud 487 468 786
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.08% 1.05% 0.94%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.58% 3.63% 3.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 313 321 522
10th Percentile £394 £413 £390
25th Percentile £463 £463 £451
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% - -
75th Percentile £625 £656 £625
90th Percentile £688 £750 £688
UK median daily rate £540 £545 £539
% change year-on-year -0.92% +1.16% -0.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 3 1
Median hourly rate £58.75 £57.50 £70.00
Median % change year-on-year +2.17% -17.86% +154.55%
UK median hourly rate £57.50 £57.50 £60.00
% change year-on-year - -4.17% +118.18%

Public Cloud is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 13,601 12,894 24,180
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.03% 28.83% 28.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,097 8,525 16,152
10th Percentile £281 £250 £293
25th Percentile £391 £375 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - -
75th Percentile £608 £600 £588
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 541 532 777
10th Percentile £12.38 £12.61 £11.85
25th Percentile £16.32 £15.88 £14.75
Median hourly rate £26.00 £21.55 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year +20.66% +2.61% -4.55%
75th Percentile £47.50 £44.06 £44.13
90th Percentile £58.75 £53.00 £51.25
UK median hourly rate £25.50 £22.50 £20.31
% change year-on-year +13.33% +10.77% -5.52%

Public Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Public Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud in England.

Daily rate trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Public Cloud in England over the 6 months to 17 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud in England.

Hourly rate trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Public Cloud in England over the 6 months to 17 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Public Cloud within the England region over the 6 months to 17 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +25 266 £541 -3.78% 114
South East +35 64 £525 - 43
North of England -8 56 £500 -9.09% 52
South West +3 33 £674 +25.40% 12
North West +1 32 £500 -9.09% 16
Midlands -8 24 £475 -9.52% 41
West Midlands +1 15 £476 -26.77% 36
Yorkshire +29 14 £575 +6.48% 26
North East +7 10 £530 +29.27% 10
East Midlands +3 9 £475 -9.52% 5
East of England +30 7 £463 +2.21% 9
Public Cloud
UK

For the 6 months to 17 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Public Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Public Cloud.

1 294 (60.37%) Azure
2 272 (55.85%) AWS
3 207 (42.51%) DevOps
4 173 (35.52%) Agile Software Development
5 135 (27.72%) GCP
6 122 (25.05%) Terraform
6 122 (25.05%) PaaS
7 117 (24.02%) Kubernetes
8 116 (23.82%) Microsoft
9 113 (23.20%) Finance
10 108 (22.18%) IaaS
10 108 (22.18%) Social Skills
11 107 (21.97%) Ansible
12 105 (21.56%) Linux
13 94 (19.30%) Docker
13 94 (19.30%) Microservices
14 89 (18.28%) Python
14 89 (18.28%) Windows
15 84 (17.25%) VMware
16 79 (16.22%) Migration
16 79 (16.22%) Jenkins
17 77 (15.81%) Infrastructure as Code
17 77 (15.81%) Google
18 72 (14.78%) Data Centre
19 70 (14.37%) Security Cleared
19 70 (14.37%) Java
20 64 (13.14%) VMware Infrastructure
21 63 (12.94%) SaaS
22 58 (11.91%) Private Cloud
23 57 (11.70%) PowerShell

Public Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (5.13%) Confluence
2 14 (2.87%) Elasticsearch
3 10 (2.05%) Tomcat
4 7 (1.44%) CMS
5 6 (1.23%) WebSphere
5 6 (1.23%) WordPress
6 5 (1.03%) Apache Spark
6 5 (1.03%) JBoss
6 5 (1.03%) SharePoint
7 4 (0.82%) Apache
7 4 (0.82%) NetWeaver
7 4 (0.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 3 (0.62%) IBM Domino
8 3 (0.62%) MS Exchange
9 2 (0.41%) Camunda
9 2 (0.41%) IIS
9 2 (0.41%) Oracle Workflow
10 1 (0.21%) Cloud Foundry
10 1 (0.21%) Exchange Server 2013
10 1 (0.21%) IBM HTTP Server
Applications
1 4 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.41%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.21%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.21%) Figma
Business Applications
1 4 (0.82%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.62%) Cloudability
2 3 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.41%) Oracle Payables
3 2 (0.41%) Shopify
4 1 (0.21%) Magento
4 1 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.21%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 294 (60.37%) Azure
2 272 (55.85%) AWS
3 135 (27.72%) GCP
4 122 (25.05%) PaaS
5 108 (22.18%) IaaS
6 63 (12.94%) SaaS
7 37 (7.60%) AWS CloudFormation
8 31 (6.37%) OpenShift
9 25 (5.13%) Microsoft 365
9 25 (5.13%) Serverless
10 24 (4.93%) GitHub
11 17 (3.49%) Azure Active Directory
12 16 (3.29%) Amazon EKS
13 15 (3.08%) Amazon S3
14 14 (2.87%) Cloud Computing
15 10 (2.05%) Amazon EC2
15 10 (2.05%) AWS Lambda
15 10 (2.05%) Azure ExpressRoute
16 8 (1.64%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 6 (1.23%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 30 (6.16%) WAN
2 27 (5.54%) Firewall
3 24 (4.93%) DNS
3 24 (4.93%) VPN
4 22 (4.52%) Internet
5 16 (3.29%) LAN
6 13 (2.67%) DHCP
6 13 (2.67%) Network Security
7 12 (2.46%) SAN
8 11 (2.26%) TCP/IP
9 10 (2.05%) Multicast
9 10 (2.05%) OSPF
10 9 (1.85%) SD-WAN
11 8 (1.64%) MPLS
11 8 (1.64%) SSL
12 7 (1.44%) BGP
12 7 (1.44%) IPv4
13 6 (1.23%) HTTP
13 6 (1.23%) VLAN
13 6 (1.23%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (4.93%) SQL Server
2 22 (4.52%) PostgreSQL
3 18 (3.70%) NoSQL
4 17 (3.49%) MySQL
5 15 (3.08%) Tableau
6 13 (2.67%) MongoDB
6 13 (2.67%) Relational Database
7 10 (2.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 10 (2.05%) Tableau Server
8 8 (1.64%) Big Data
9 6 (1.23%) Azure SQL Database
9 6 (1.23%) SAP HANA
9 6 (1.23%) Tableau Desktop
10 5 (1.03%) Hadoop
11 4 (0.82%) Amazon Athena
11 4 (0.82%) Amazon RDS
11 4 (0.82%) DB2
12 3 (0.62%) BigQuery
12 3 (0.62%) Oracle Database
13 2 (0.41%) HDInsight
Development Applications
1 79 (16.22%) Jenkins
2 56 (11.50%) Git (software)
3 31 (6.37%) JIRA
4 22 (4.52%) Bitbucket
5 17 (3.49%) GitLab
5 17 (3.49%) Maven
6 16 (3.29%) Visual Studio
7 15 (3.08%) JUnit
8 11 (2.26%) Cucumber
9 10 (2.05%) SonarQube
9 10 (2.05%) Sonatype Nexus
10 7 (1.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 7 (1.44%) TeamCity
10 7 (1.44%) Vagrant
11 6 (1.23%) Gatling
11 6 (1.23%) IntelliJ
11 6 (1.23%) LoadRunner
11 6 (1.23%) Postman
11 6 (1.23%) PyCharm
11 6 (1.23%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 113 (23.20%) Finance
2 108 (22.18%) Social Skills
3 54 (11.09%) Public Sector
4 35 (7.19%) Banking
5 24 (4.93%) Analytical Skills
6 21 (4.31%) Telecoms
7 18 (3.70%) Marketing
8 17 (3.49%) Manufacturing
9 13 (2.67%) Retail
10 12 (2.46%) Electronics
11 11 (2.26%) Influencing Skills
11 11 (2.26%) Presentation Skills
12 8 (1.64%) Billing
12 8 (1.64%) Legal
13 6 (1.23%) Automotive
14 4 (0.82%) Documentation Skills
14 4 (0.82%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.82%) Retail Banking
15 3 (0.62%) Law
15 3 (0.62%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 197 (40.45%) Architect
2 72 (14.78%) Cloud Architect
3 69 (14.17%) Developer
4 65 (13.35%) DevOps Engineer
5 41 (8.42%) Technical Architect
6 40 (8.21%) Cloud Engineer
7 34 (6.98%) Infrastructure Architect
7 34 (6.98%) Solutions Architect
8 29 (5.95%) Consultant
9 28 (5.75%) AWS Architect
9 28 (5.75%) AWS Engineer
10 24 (4.93%) Azure Architect
10 24 (4.93%) Azure Engineer
11 21 (4.31%) AWS DevOps
11 21 (4.31%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 20 (4.11%) Azure DevOps
12 20 (4.11%) Enterprise Architect
12 20 (4.11%) Security Architect
13 19 (3.90%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 18 (3.70%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 41 (8.42%) .NET
2 36 (7.39%) Node.js
2 36 (7.39%) Web Services
3 29 (5.95%) JSON
4 22 (4.52%) YAML
5 21 (4.31%) React
6 20 (4.11%) Middleware
6 20 (4.11%) Spring
7 19 (3.90%) Kafka
8 18 (3.70%) AngularJS
8 18 (3.70%) CSS
8 18 (3.70%) REST
9 16 (3.29%) HTML
10 13 (2.67%) HTML5
10 13 (2.67%) Spring Boot
11 12 (2.46%) RESTful
12 9 (1.85%) CSS3
12 9 (1.85%) JPA
13 8 (1.64%) .NET Core
14 7 (1.44%) Express
Miscellaneous
1 72 (14.78%) Data Centre
2 58 (11.91%) Private Cloud
3 36 (7.39%) Cloud Native
4 27 (5.54%) Hybrid Cloud
5 13 (2.67%) iPad
6 11 (2.26%) Mainframe
6 11 (2.26%) Self-Motivation
7 8 (1.64%) Enterprise Software
7 8 (1.64%) PKI
8 7 (1.44%) CMDB
8 7 (1.44%) Management Information System
8 7 (1.44%) NHS
9 6 (1.23%) Enterprise Cloud
9 6 (1.23%) User Experience
9 6 (1.23%) Virtual Team
10 5 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
11 4 (0.82%) Algorithms
11 4 (0.82%) Data Structures
11 4 (0.82%) Greenfield Project
11 4 (0.82%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 105 (21.56%) Linux
2 89 (18.28%) Windows
3 28 (5.75%) Windows Server
4 24 (4.93%) Unix
5 13 (2.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 11 (2.26%) Windows Server 2008
7 9 (1.85%) VMS
8 8 (1.64%) Windows Server 2016
9 5 (1.03%) CoreOS
9 5 (1.03%) Windows 10
9 5 (1.03%) Windows 2000
9 5 (1.03%) Windows Server 2003
10 4 (0.82%) AIX
10 4 (0.82%) Android
10 4 (0.82%) Apple iOS
10 4 (0.82%) Debian
11 3 (0.62%) CentOS
12 2 (0.41%) Oracle Linux
12 2 (0.41%) Windows Server 2019
13 1 (0.21%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 207 (42.51%) DevOps
2 173 (35.52%) Agile Software Development
3 94 (19.30%) Microservices
4 79 (16.22%) Migration
5 77 (15.81%) Infrastructure as Code
6 48 (9.86%) Scrum
7 44 (9.03%) Configuration Management
8 41 (8.42%) Continuous Integration
9 39 (8.01%) Open Source
10 35 (7.19%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 30 (6.16%) Test Automation
12 28 (5.75%) ITIL
12 28 (5.75%) TOGAF
13 27 (5.54%) Software Engineering
13 27 (5.54%) TDD
14 26 (5.34%) High Availability
15 25 (5.13%) Infrastructure Automation
15 25 (5.13%) Project Delivery
15 25 (5.13%) Site Reliability Engineering
15 25 (5.13%) Technical Architecture
Programming Languages
1 89 (18.28%) Python
2 70 (14.37%) Java
3 57 (11.70%) PowerShell
3 57 (11.70%) SQL
4 46 (9.45%) Bash Shell
5 40 (8.21%) JavaScript
6 28 (5.75%) Go
7 24 (4.93%) C#
8 20 (4.11%) Ruby
9 11 (2.26%) Java 8
10 10 (2.05%) PHP
11 9 (1.85%) R
11 9 (1.85%) TypeScript
12 8 (1.64%) ES6
12 8 (1.64%) Perl
13 6 (1.23%) Scala
14 5 (1.03%) Groovy
15 4 (0.82%) C
15 4 (0.82%) C++
16 3 (0.62%) VB
Qualifications
1 70 (14.37%) Security Cleared
2 44 (9.03%) SC Cleared
3 16 (3.29%) CISSP
3 16 (3.29%) Degree
4 14 (2.87%) AWS Certification
5 9 (1.85%) Cisco Certification
6 8 (1.64%) CISM
6 8 (1.64%) DV Cleared
7 7 (1.44%) CRISC
8 6 (1.23%) CCNP
9 5 (1.03%) CCNA
9 5 (1.03%) GIAC
9 5 (1.03%) Microsoft Certification
9 5 (1.03%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 4 (0.82%) CCIE
10 4 (0.82%) Computer Science Degree
10 4 (0.82%) RHCE
11 3 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (0.62%) OCP
11 3 (0.62%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (3.90%) NIST
2 13 (2.67%) GDPR
2 13 (2.67%) QA
3 11 (2.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 8 (1.64%) Cyber Essentials
5 7 (1.44%) PCI DSS
6 6 (1.23%) COBIT
7 4 (0.82%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 4 (0.82%) NCSC
8 2 (0.41%) NIST 800
8 2 (0.41%) RMADS
8 2 (0.41%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.21%) GLBA
9 1 (0.21%) GRC
9 1 (0.21%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.21%) ISO 20022
9 1 (0.21%) PMO
9 1 (0.21%) SOC 1
9 1 (0.21%) SOC 2
9 1 (0.21%) TARGET2
System Software
1 94 (19.30%) Docker
2 64 (13.14%) VMware Infrastructure
3 34 (6.98%) Active Directory
4 27 (5.54%) Hyper-V
5 13 (2.67%) vSphere
6 12 (2.46%) XenApp
7 9 (1.85%) Microsoft App-V
8 8 (1.64%) VMware NSX
9 6 (1.23%) Virtual Machines
10 4 (0.82%) Xen
11 3 (0.62%) NFS
11 3 (0.62%) XenDesktop
12 2 (0.41%) KVM
12 2 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
13 1 (0.21%) GlusterFS
13 1 (0.21%) vCloud
13 1 (0.21%) Virtual Desktop
13 1 (0.21%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 122 (25.05%) Terraform
2 117 (24.02%) Kubernetes
3 107 (21.97%) Ansible
4 43 (8.83%) Opscode Chef
5 35 (7.19%) Puppet
6 23 (4.72%) Grafana
7 20 (4.11%) Prometheus
8 17 (3.49%) Nagios
9 14 (2.87%) vRealize Orchestrator
10 10 (2.05%) SCCM
10 10 (2.05%) vRealize
11 9 (1.85%) Tivoli
12 7 (1.44%) Kibana
12 7 (1.44%) logstash
12 7 (1.44%) Single Sign-On
13 6 (1.23%) Consul
13 6 (1.23%) Packer
14 5 (1.03%) Istio
14 5 (1.03%) Microsoft Intune
15 3 (0.62%) FortiGate
Vendors
1 116 (23.82%) Microsoft
2 84 (17.25%) VMware
3 77 (15.81%) Google
4 47 (9.65%) Oracle
5 34 (6.98%) Red Hat
6 25 (5.13%) SAP
7 23 (4.72%) IBM
8 22 (4.52%) Cisco
9 20 (4.11%) Citrix
10 14 (2.87%) Salesforce.com
11 12 (2.46%) Atlassian
12 10 (2.05%) CA
12 10 (2.05%) Splunk
13 9 (1.85%) BMC
13 9 (1.85%) F5
13 9 (1.85%) HP
14 8 (1.64%) ServiceNow
15 7 (1.44%) Palo Alto
16 6 (1.23%) Confluent
17 5 (1.03%) EMC