Period
to 16 October 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Public Cloud in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Public Cloud over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public Cloud
UK > England
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 242 243 282
Rank change year-on-year +1 +39 +82
Contract jobs citing Public Cloud 761 274 753
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.14% 1.03% 0.97%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.73% 3.19% 3.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 501 188 443
10th Percentile £450 £413 £379
25th Percentile £513 £469 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £590 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +7.27% - -
75th Percentile £698 £625 £638
90th Percentile £750 £738 £700
UK median daily rate £585 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +6.36% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 1
10th Percentile £45.00 " "
25th Percentile £60.00 £36.75 £48.50
Median hourly rate £72.50 £37.50 £52.00
Median % change year-on-year +93.33% -27.88% -
75th Percentile £81.25 £38.25 £55.50
90th Percentile " " "
UK median hourly rate £72.50 £37.50 £52.00
% change year-on-year +93.33% -27.88% -

Public Cloud is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 20,426 8,588 22,532
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.68% 32.32% 28.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,430 5,922 14,966
10th Percentile £300 £275 £272
25th Percentile £413 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £638 £619 £588
90th Percentile £725 £725 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £486 £475
% change year-on-year +8.02% +2.32% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 623 259 773
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.20 £11.25
25th Percentile £15.04 £16.59 £14.28
Median hourly rate £24.08 £30.85 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -21.94% +50.49% -
75th Percentile £48.75 £46.00 £47.50
90th Percentile £64.04 £61.25 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £26.96 £20.50
% change year-on-year -7.27% +31.51% +2.50%

Public Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Public Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud in England.

Daily rate trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Public Cloud in England over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud in England.

Hourly rate trend for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Public Cloud in England over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Public Cloud in England

Public Cloud
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Public Cloud within the England region over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -12 444 £606 +10.23% 196
North of England -4 105 £550 +4.76% 78
South East -86 59 £540 -1.82% 38
Yorkshire -7 49 £620 +12.73% 21
North West -21 49 £525 - 45
Midlands -68 36 £475 +11.24% 35
South West -24 34 £550 -0.90% 13
West Midlands -58 24 £425 -0.47% 25
East of England - 15 £500 - 22
North East 0 12 £605 -12.95% 12
East Midlands -34 12 £625 +25.00% 10
Public Cloud
UK

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Public Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Public Cloud.

1 465 (61.10%) Azure
2 406 (53.35%) AWS
3 330 (43.36%) DevOps
4 305 (40.08%) Agile Software Development
5 217 (28.52%) GCP
6 200 (26.28%) Terraform
7 175 (23.00%) Social Skills
8 174 (22.86%) Kubernetes
9 172 (22.60%) Finance
10 163 (21.42%) Microservices
11 151 (19.84%) PaaS
12 145 (19.05%) Infrastructure as Code
13 143 (18.79%) Microsoft
14 140 (18.40%) Docker
15 139 (18.27%) Python
16 135 (17.74%) Ansible
17 131 (17.21%) Java
18 129 (16.95%) Linux
19 126 (16.56%) Jenkins
20 122 (16.03%) IaaS
21 118 (15.51%) Migration
22 105 (13.80%) Google
23 102 (13.40%) Windows
24 99 (13.01%) Security Cleared
25 94 (12.35%) Open Source
26 91 (11.96%) Public Sector
27 86 (11.30%) SQL
28 85 (11.17%) Bash Shell
29 79 (10.38%) PowerShell
30 78 (10.25%) JavaScript

Public Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (2.37%) Elasticsearch
1 18 (2.37%) SharePoint
1 18 (2.37%) Tomcat
2 14 (1.84%) Apache Spark
3 12 (1.58%) Apache
3 12 (1.58%) Confluence
4 8 (1.05%) IBM Domino
4 8 (1.05%) WebSphere
5 7 (0.92%) IIS
6 6 (0.79%) NetWeaver
7 5 (0.66%) JBoss
7 5 (0.66%) MS Exchange
7 5 (0.66%) OpenStack
7 5 (0.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 4 (0.53%) nginx
8 4 (0.53%) SharePoint 2010
8 4 (0.53%) SharePoint 2013
9 2 (0.26%) WildFly
10 1 (0.13%) Apache Airflow
10 1 (0.13%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 7 (0.92%) MS Visio
2 5 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.53%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 4 (0.53%) Cloudability
2 3 (0.39%) Magento
2 3 (0.39%) Oracle EBS
2 3 (0.39%) Oracle ERP
3 2 (0.26%) SAP CRM
4 1 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.13%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.13%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 465 (61.10%) Azure
2 406 (53.35%) AWS
3 217 (28.52%) GCP
4 151 (19.84%) PaaS
5 122 (16.03%) IaaS
6 77 (10.12%) SaaS
7 70 (9.20%) GitHub
8 65 (8.54%) AWS CloudFormation
9 49 (6.44%) Serverless
10 38 (4.99%) OpenShift
11 33 (4.34%) Microsoft 365
12 21 (2.76%) Azure Active Directory
13 20 (2.63%) Cloud Computing
14 18 (2.37%) Amazon EKS
14 18 (2.37%) Amazon S3
15 16 (2.10%) Azure Data Factory
15 16 (2.10%) Azure ExpressRoute
16 15 (1.97%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 13 (1.71%) Azure Functions
18 11 (1.45%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 57 (7.49%) Firewall
2 49 (6.44%) WAN
3 42 (5.52%) DNS
4 36 (4.73%) Network Security
5 26 (3.42%) VPN
6 25 (3.29%) Internet
7 22 (2.89%) DHCP
8 21 (2.76%) LAN
9 19 (2.50%) BGP
10 14 (1.84%) Software-Defined Networking
10 14 (1.84%) TCP/IP
10 14 (1.84%) Wireless
11 13 (1.71%) HTTP
11 13 (1.71%) MPLS
11 13 (1.71%) SSL
12 12 (1.58%) OSPF
13 11 (1.45%) SD-WAN
14 9 (1.18%) Ethernet
14 9 (1.18%) IPsec
14 9 (1.18%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (4.60%) SQL Server
2 30 (3.94%) Big Data
2 30 (3.94%) MongoDB
3 26 (3.42%) NoSQL
3 26 (3.42%) PostgreSQL
4 19 (2.50%) Azure SQL Database
5 18 (2.37%) MySQL
6 16 (2.10%) Metadata
7 15 (1.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 14 (1.84%) Data Lake
8 14 (1.84%) Data Warehouse
8 14 (1.84%) Hadoop
9 11 (1.45%) Relational Database
10 10 (1.31%) DB2
10 10 (1.31%) Oracle Database
11 8 (1.05%) Tableau
12 6 (0.79%) Apache Cassandra
12 6 (0.79%) BigQuery
12 6 (0.79%) SAP HANA
13 5 (0.66%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 126 (16.56%) Jenkins
2 61 (8.02%) Git (software)
3 52 (6.83%) Maven
4 32 (4.20%) Gradle
5 29 (3.81%) TeamCity
6 26 (3.42%) JIRA
7 21 (2.76%) Sonatype Nexus
8 20 (2.63%) Postman
9 14 (1.84%) Cucumber
10 12 (1.58%) Bitbucket
10 12 (1.58%) GitLab
10 12 (1.58%) JUnit
10 12 (1.58%) SonarQube
11 7 (0.92%) CircleCI
12 6 (0.79%) Artifactory
13 5 (0.66%) Selenium
14 4 (0.53%) Jasmine
14 4 (0.53%) Karma Test Runner
14 4 (0.53%) SoapUI
14 4 (0.53%) Vagrant
General
1 175 (23.00%) Social Skills
2 172 (22.60%) Finance
3 91 (11.96%) Public Sector
4 62 (8.15%) Banking
5 44 (5.78%) Retail
6 24 (3.15%) Marketing
7 23 (3.02%) Analytical Skills
7 23 (3.02%) Telecoms
8 21 (2.76%) Manufacturing
9 19 (2.50%) Presentation Skills
10 18 (2.37%) Electronics
10 18 (2.37%) Legal
11 14 (1.84%) Billing
12 13 (1.71%) Investment Banking
13 11 (1.45%) Financial Institution
14 10 (1.31%) Documentation Skills
15 9 (1.18%) Military
16 8 (1.05%) Organisational Skills
17 7 (0.92%) Police
18 5 (0.66%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 299 (39.29%) Architect
2 91 (11.96%) Cloud Architect
3 89 (11.70%) Solutions Architect
4 88 (11.56%) DevOps Engineer
5 71 (9.33%) Technical Architect
6 66 (8.67%) Cloud Engineer
7 64 (8.41%) Developer
8 63 (8.28%) Azure Architect
9 54 (7.10%) Azure Engineer
10 41 (5.39%) AWS Engineer
11 40 (5.26%) Consultant
12 37 (4.86%) Infrastructure Architect
13 35 (4.60%) AWS Architect
14 31 (4.07%) Azure DevOps Engineer
15 25 (3.29%) Azure DevOps
15 25 (3.29%) Data Architect
16 24 (3.15%) AWS DevOps
17 21 (2.76%) AWS DevOps Engineer
18 20 (2.63%) Infrastructure Engineer
18 20 (2.63%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (5.91%) Web Services
2 41 (5.39%) JSON
3 39 (5.12%) Node.js
4 33 (4.34%) RESTful
5 32 (4.20%) REST
5 32 (4.20%) Spring
6 30 (3.94%) .NET
6 30 (3.94%) Kafka
7 26 (3.42%) React
8 21 (2.76%) OAuth
8 21 (2.76%) Spring Boot
9 19 (2.50%) CSS
9 19 (2.50%) HTML
10 16 (2.10%) OpenID
11 15 (1.97%) AngularJS
12 14 (1.84%) Elastic Stack
12 14 (1.84%) SAML
12 14 (1.84%) SOAP
13 13 (1.71%) ARM Templates
13 13 (1.71%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 77 (10.12%) Data Centre
2 73 (9.59%) Cloud Native
3 42 (5.52%) Private Cloud
4 39 (5.12%) Hybrid Cloud
5 21 (2.76%) Self-Motivation
6 16 (2.10%) Clustering
7 15 (1.97%) Greenfield Project
8 14 (1.84%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 14 (1.84%) Legacy Applications
8 14 (1.84%) Mobile App
9 13 (1.71%) CMDB
10 11 (1.45%) Data Protection Act
10 11 (1.45%) PKI
11 10 (1.31%) Linux Command Line
11 10 (1.31%) Management Information System
11 10 (1.31%) NHS
11 10 (1.31%) Virtual Team
12 9 (1.18%) Hedge funds
12 9 (1.18%) iPad
13 7 (0.92%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 129 (16.95%) Linux
2 102 (13.40%) Windows
3 30 (3.94%) Unix
4 21 (2.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 21 (2.76%) Windows Server
5 10 (1.31%) Windows Server 2016
6 9 (1.18%) Windows Server 2019
7 8 (1.05%) AIX
8 7 (0.92%) VMS
9 6 (0.79%) Ubuntu
9 6 (0.79%) Windows 10
10 4 (0.53%) CentOS
10 4 (0.53%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.26%) Android
12 1 (0.13%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.13%) Data ONTAP
12 1 (0.13%) Debian
12 1 (0.13%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 330 (43.36%) DevOps
2 305 (40.08%) Agile Software Development
3 163 (21.42%) Microservices
4 145 (19.05%) Infrastructure as Code
5 118 (15.51%) Migration
6 94 (12.35%) Open Source
7 76 (9.99%) Scrum
8 67 (8.80%) Analytics
9 63 (8.28%) Cybersecurity
10 58 (7.62%) Problem-Solving
11 57 (7.49%) Configuration Management
12 52 (6.83%) Continuous Integration
13 51 (6.70%) ITIL
13 51 (6.70%) Stakeholder Management
14 46 (6.04%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 45 (5.91%) SDLC
16 44 (5.78%) Collaborative Working
17 40 (5.26%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 40 (5.26%) Software Engineering
18 39 (5.12%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 139 (18.27%) Python
2 131 (17.21%) Java
3 86 (11.30%) SQL
4 85 (11.17%) Bash Shell
5 79 (10.38%) PowerShell
6 78 (10.25%) JavaScript
7 41 (5.39%) Go
8 31 (4.07%) Ruby
9 26 (3.42%) C#
10 19 (2.50%) Scala
11 16 (2.10%) C
11 16 (2.10%) TypeScript
12 15 (1.97%) Java 8
13 11 (1.45%) Groovy
14 9 (1.18%) Kotlin
15 8 (1.05%) Perl
15 8 (1.05%) PL/SQL
16 7 (0.92%) C++
17 6 (0.79%) PHP
17 6 (0.79%) R
Qualifications
1 99 (13.01%) Security Cleared
2 68 (8.94%) SC Cleared
3 34 (4.47%) Degree
4 32 (4.20%) Cisco Certification
5 22 (2.89%) Computer Science Degree
6 20 (2.63%) CISSP
7 19 (2.50%) CCNP
8 18 (2.37%) DV Cleared
9 14 (1.84%) AWS Certification
10 12 (1.58%) CCIE
11 10 (1.31%) BPSS Clearance
11 10 (1.31%) CRISC
12 7 (0.92%) CEH
12 7 (0.92%) CISA
13 6 (0.79%) TOGAF Certification
14 5 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
15 4 (0.53%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 4 (0.53%) CCNA
16 2 (0.26%) OSCP
16 2 (0.26%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (4.34%) GDPR
2 29 (3.81%) QA
3 23 (3.02%) PCI DSS
4 19 (2.50%) GRC
5 16 (2.10%) NIST
6 10 (1.31%) Accessibility
7 8 (1.05%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 8 (1.05%) WCAG
8 6 (0.79%) COBIT
9 5 (0.66%) SLA
10 4 (0.53%) Cyber Essentials
10 4 (0.53%) Data Quality
10 4 (0.53%) Disclosure Scotland
11 1 (0.13%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.13%) IFRS
11 1 (0.13%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.13%) PMO
11 1 (0.13%) PSD2
11 1 (0.13%) TARGET2
System Software
1 140 (18.40%) Docker
2 55 (7.23%) VMware Infrastructure
3 48 (6.31%) Active Directory
4 29 (3.81%) VMware NSX
5 24 (3.15%) vSphere
6 17 (2.23%) Hyper-V
6 17 (2.23%) NFS
7 14 (1.84%) Virtual Machines
8 7 (0.92%) VMware ESXi
9 6 (0.79%) Microsoft App-V
10 4 (0.53%) RACF
10 4 (0.53%) Virtual Desktop
10 4 (0.53%) VMFS
11 3 (0.39%) HDFS
11 3 (0.39%) Slurm Workload Manager
12 2 (0.26%) Virtual Servers
13 1 (0.13%) Ceph
13 1 (0.13%) KVM
13 1 (0.13%) LXC
13 1 (0.13%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 200 (26.28%) Terraform
2 174 (22.86%) Kubernetes
3 135 (17.74%) Ansible
4 53 (6.96%) Prometheus
5 45 (5.91%) Opscode Chef
5 45 (5.91%) Puppet
6 38 (4.99%) Grafana
7 20 (2.63%) Nagios
8 17 (2.23%) Packer
9 14 (1.84%) vRealize
10 11 (1.45%) Consul
11 10 (1.31%) Kibana
11 10 (1.31%) Microsoft Clustering
11 10 (1.31%) RSA Archer
11 10 (1.31%) vRealize Orchestrator
12 9 (1.18%) Cisco CUCM
13 8 (1.05%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 8 (1.05%) Single Sign-On
13 8 (1.05%) vCenter Server
14 7 (0.92%) Icinga
Vendors
1 143 (18.79%) Microsoft
2 105 (13.80%) Google
3 72 (9.46%) VMware
4 53 (6.96%) Cisco
5 51 (6.70%) Oracle
6 35 (4.60%) Red Hat
7 30 (3.94%) SAP
8 28 (3.68%) IBM
9 23 (3.02%) Citrix
9 23 (3.02%) Databricks
10 20 (2.63%) Palo Alto
11 18 (2.37%) F5
12 17 (2.23%) NetApp
12 17 (2.23%) Splunk
13 16 (2.10%) CheckPoint
14 14 (1.84%) ServiceNow
15 13 (1.71%) Fortinet
15 13 (1.71%) Qualys
16 9 (1.18%) Dynatrace
17 8 (1.05%) Xerox