Period
to 22 August 2017

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 22 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
22 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 536 299 323
Rank change year-on-year -237 +24 +5
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 340 899 818
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.35% 0.83% 0.72%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.06% 2.50% 2.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 151 526 421
UK median daily rate £425 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £275 £250 £305
90th Percentile £588 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £439 £425
% change year-on-year -5.98% +3.24% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 26 11
UK median hourly rate £30.00 £32.14 £31.30
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.64% +2.67% +11.79%
10th Percentile £18.25 £18.68 £12.25
90th Percentile £32.05 £45.88 £38.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £32.14 £25.50
% change year-on-year -6.64% +26.02% -8.93%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 31989 35916 36232
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.37% 33.17% 31.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 20893 23533 22630
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £265 £253 £238
90th Percentile £648 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 977 1198 1411
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £21.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +10.53% -5.00%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.39 £11.17
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.17 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £21.00 £18.50
% change year-on-year -4.76% +13.51% -7.50%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor daily rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 22 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 22 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 22 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -216 288 £425 -5.56% 22
UK excluding London -158 256 £413 -5.98% 13
North of England -53 106 £423 -0.59% 7
North West -16 87 £410 -13.68% 5
London -65 82 £474 -2.32% 9
South East -6 61 £413 -8.33% 3
Scotland -27 55 £425 -10.53%
East of England -65 17 £330 +16.81%
Midlands -53 14 £450 -5.26% 1
Yorkshire -11 11 £430 -4.44% 1
North East -2 8 £310 +12.73% 1
East Midlands -41 8 £461 +26.60% 1
South West -41 7 £488 +59.84% 2
West Midlands -3 6 £450 -5.26%
Wales - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 22 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 124 (36.47%) IBM
2 107 (31.47%) DB2
3 103 (30.29%) Finance
4 98 (28.82%) Unix
5 80 (23.53%) Windows
5 80 (23.53%) Migration
6 68 (20.00%) SQL
7 67 (19.71%) JCL
8 66 (19.41%) Linux
9 57 (16.76%) Banking
10 52 (15.29%) Middleware
11 48 (14.12%) Oracle
11 48 (14.12%) IBM Mainframe
11 48 (14.12%) Data Centre
12 47 (13.82%) zOS
13 40 (11.76%) CICS
13 40 (11.76%) AIX
14 39 (11.47%) ISPF
15 38 (11.18%) Java
15 38 (11.18%) Time Sharing Option
16 37 (10.88%) Agile Software Development
17 35 (10.29%) COBOL
18 32 (9.41%) Microsoft Excel
18 32 (9.41%) Project Management
18 32 (9.41%) SC Cleared
18 32 (9.41%) Security Cleared
19 28 (8.24%) Replication
19 28 (8.24%) Microsoft Office
19 28 (8.24%) SSL
19 28 (8.24%) Analytical Skills

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (11.76%) CICS
2 23 (6.76%) SAS
3 17 (5.00%) MQSeries
4 15 (4.41%) WebSphere
5 9 (2.65%) MS Exchange
6 8 (2.35%) IIS
7 7 (2.06%) Apache
8 5 (1.47%) Apache Pig
8 5 (1.47%) EPiServer
8 5 (1.47%) FileNet
8 5 (1.47%) SharePoint
9 4 (1.18%) WebSphere Application Server
10 3 (0.88%) BizTalk Server
10 3 (0.88%) IBM Notes
10 3 (0.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 3 (0.88%) Oracle Workflow
10 3 (0.88%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.59%) Tomcat
12 1 (0.29%) Elasticsearch
12 1 (0.29%) JBoss
Applications
1 32 (9.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (8.24%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (5.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (2.35%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (1.18%) Maximo
2 1 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 8 (2.35%) Microsoft Azure
2 7 (2.06%) Amazon AWS
3 2 (0.59%) Azure Machine Learning
3 2 (0.59%) IBM Cloud
4 1 (0.29%) Bluemix
4 1 (0.29%) GitHub
4 1 (0.29%) IaaS
4 1 (0.29%) PaaS
4 1 (0.29%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 28 (8.24%) SSL
2 27 (7.94%) SSH
3 25 (7.35%) Firewall
4 19 (5.59%) SAN
5 17 (5.00%) FTP
6 16 (4.71%) Kerberos
7 14 (4.12%) LDAP
8 13 (3.82%) DNS
9 10 (2.94%) WAN
10 9 (2.65%) HTTP
11 7 (2.06%) HTTPS
11 7 (2.06%) LAN
12 6 (1.76%) Network Security
12 6 (1.76%) PuTTY
12 6 (1.76%) Structured Cabling
13 5 (1.47%) MPLS
13 5 (1.47%) Reverse Proxy
13 5 (1.47%) SNMP
14 4 (1.18%) NAS
14 4 (1.18%) tcpdump
Database & Business Intelligence
1 107 (31.47%) DB2
2 22 (6.47%) Adabas
3 16 (4.71%) SQL Server
4 15 (4.41%) Big Data
5 12 (3.53%) Hadoop
6 5 (1.47%) MongoDB
7 4 (1.18%) NoSQL
7 4 (1.18%) OLTP
7 4 (1.18%) Oracle Database
8 3 (0.88%) Data Warehouse
8 3 (0.88%) MS Access
8 3 (0.88%) QlikView
8 3 (0.88%) Relational Database
8 3 (0.88%) SAS Data Integration Studio
8 3 (0.88%) SAS EBI
8 3 (0.88%) SQL Server 2012
9 2 (0.59%) BusinessObjects
9 2 (0.59%) Couchbase
9 2 (0.59%) MySQL
9 2 (0.59%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 6 (1.76%) JIRA
2 4 (1.18%) SoapUI
3 3 (0.88%) HP UFT
3 3 (0.88%) Jenkins
3 3 (0.88%) Maven
3 3 (0.88%) Toad
4 2 (0.59%) Appium
4 2 (0.59%) Git (software)
4 2 (0.59%) Selenium
4 2 (0.59%) Subversion
4 2 (0.59%) WebDriver
5 1 (0.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 1 (0.29%) Bitbucket
5 1 (0.29%) ERwin
5 1 (0.29%) Gradle
5 1 (0.29%) JIRA Agile
5 1 (0.29%) PowerBuilder
5 1 (0.29%) PowerDesigner
5 1 (0.29%) Talend Open Studio
5 1 (0.29%) TeamCity
General
1 103 (30.29%) Finance
2 57 (16.76%) Banking
3 15 (4.41%) Law
4 13 (3.82%) Retail
5 5 (1.47%) Financial Institution
6 4 (1.18%) Investment Banking
6 4 (1.18%) Retail Banking
7 3 (0.88%) Front Office
7 3 (0.88%) Legal
7 3 (0.88%) Manufacturing
7 3 (0.88%) Telecoms
8 2 (0.59%) Automotive
8 2 (0.59%) Back Office
8 2 (0.59%) Billing
9 1 (0.29%) Danish Language
9 1 (0.29%) Electronics
9 1 (0.29%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 51 (15.00%) Analyst
2 37 (10.88%) Architect
3 30 (8.82%) Developer
4 29 (8.53%) Consultant
5 26 (7.65%) DBA
6 22 (6.47%) Project Manager
7 20 (5.88%) Administrator
7 20 (5.88%) DB2 DBA
8 19 (5.59%) Designer
9 14 (4.12%) Business Analyst
10 13 (3.82%) Mainframe Analyst
11 12 (3.53%) Infrastructure Architect
11 12 (3.53%) Programmer
11 12 (3.53%) Solutions Designer
11 12 (3.53%) Technical Developer
12 11 (3.24%) Solutions Architect
13 10 (2.94%) Migration Manager
13 10 (2.94%) Security Consultant
14 9 (2.65%) Security Engineer
15 8 (2.35%) Mainframe Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 52 (15.29%) Middleware
2 39 (11.47%) ISPF
3 14 (4.12%) .NET
4 10 (2.94%) Web Services
5 9 (2.65%) REST
6 8 (2.35%) J2EE
6 8 (2.35%) SOAP
7 7 (2.06%) XML
8 6 (1.76%) JMS
9 5 (1.47%) Kafka
10 4 (1.18%) JSON
10 4 (1.18%) X-Windows
11 3 (0.88%) AngularJS
11 3 (0.88%) EDI
11 3 (0.88%) EJB
11 3 (0.88%) JSP
11 3 (0.88%) Servlets
12 2 (0.59%) HTML
12 2 (0.59%) HTML5
12 2 (0.59%) React
Miscellaneous
1 48 (14.12%) Data Centre
1 48 (14.12%) IBM Mainframe
2 28 (8.24%) Analytical Skills
2 28 (8.24%) Replication
3 24 (7.06%) PKI
4 14 (4.12%) Management Information System
5 10 (2.94%) Client/Server
5 10 (2.94%) Clustering
5 10 (2.94%) iSeries
6 9 (2.65%) AS400
6 9 (2.65%) Tandem
7 7 (2.06%) VSAM
8 6 (1.76%) Computer Science
8 6 (1.76%) Data Structures
9 5 (1.47%) Reference Data
10 4 (1.18%) Linux Command Line
11 3 (0.88%) Enterprise Software
12 2 (0.59%) DataPower
12 2 (0.59%) Mobile App
12 2 (0.59%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 98 (28.82%) Unix
2 80 (23.53%) Windows
3 66 (19.41%) Linux
4 47 (13.82%) zOS
5 40 (11.76%) AIX
6 25 (7.35%) Solaris
7 19 (5.59%) HPUX
8 13 (3.82%) Windows Server
9 9 (2.65%) MVS
10 6 (1.76%) OS/2
10 6 (1.76%) OS/390
11 4 (1.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 4 (1.18%) Windows Vista
12 3 (0.88%) Android
12 3 (0.88%) Apple iOS
13 2 (0.59%) Data ONTAP
13 2 (0.59%) NetWare
13 2 (0.59%) Windows NT
13 2 (0.59%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.29%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 80 (23.53%) Migration
2 37 (10.88%) Agile Software Development
3 32 (9.41%) Project Management
4 26 (7.65%) ITIL
5 21 (6.18%) Stakeholder Management
6 19 (5.59%) Time Management
7 18 (5.29%) People Management
7 18 (5.29%) Security Management
8 17 (5.00%) Information Security
8 17 (5.00%) Project Planning
9 16 (4.71%) Data Centre Operations
9 16 (4.71%) High Availability
10 15 (4.41%) Disaster Recovery
10 15 (4.41%) Service Delivery
10 15 (4.41%) Service Management
11 14 (4.12%) Change Management
11 14 (4.12%) Data Migration
11 14 (4.12%) Data Reconciliation
11 14 (4.12%) Load Balancing
11 14 (4.12%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 68 (20.00%) SQL
2 67 (19.71%) JCL
3 38 (11.18%) Java
4 35 (10.29%) COBOL
5 27 (7.94%) REXX
5 27 (7.94%) Shell Script
6 23 (6.76%) Assembly Language
7 17 (5.00%) Perl
8 16 (4.71%) CLIST
9 8 (2.35%) Python
10 7 (2.06%) NATURAL
11 5 (1.47%) Bash Shell
11 5 (1.47%) JavaScript
11 5 (1.47%) VB
12 4 (1.18%) C++
13 3 (0.88%) C
14 2 (0.59%) C#
14 2 (0.59%) Korn
14 2 (0.59%) R
15 1 (0.29%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 32 (9.41%) SC Cleared
1 32 (9.41%) Security Cleared
2 13 (3.82%) Degree
3 9 (2.65%) Computer Science Degree
4 8 (2.35%) CISSP
5 5 (1.47%) CISA
6 4 (1.18%) CISM
7 3 (0.88%) CCNP
7 3 (0.88%) Cisco Certification
7 3 (0.88%) ITIL Certification
8 2 (0.59%) CEH
8 2 (0.59%) CRISC
8 2 (0.59%) CTC Cleared
8 2 (0.59%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.29%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.29%) ISEB
9 1 (0.29%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.29%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (2.35%) SLA
2 7 (2.06%) QA
3 5 (1.47%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 4 (1.18%) PMO
5 3 (0.88%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.29%) COBIT
6 1 (0.29%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.29%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 38 (11.18%) Time Sharing Option
2 27 (7.94%) Active Directory
3 26 (7.65%) RACF
4 17 (5.00%) Job Entry Subsystem
5 8 (2.35%) VMware ESXi
6 6 (1.76%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (1.47%) Apache Flume
7 5 (1.47%) Oracle RAC
8 4 (1.18%) VMware Infrastructure
9 3 (0.88%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.59%) ACF2
10 2 (0.59%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 2 (0.59%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
11 1 (0.29%) BitLocker
11 1 (0.29%) Docker
11 1 (0.29%) Microsoft App-V
11 1 (0.29%) ProxySG
11 1 (0.29%) Tivoli Directory Server
Systems Management
1 26 (7.65%) zSecure
2 15 (4.41%) Tivoli Storage Manager
3 14 (4.12%) Tivoli
4 4 (1.18%) HP Quality Center
4 4 (1.18%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
4 4 (1.18%) SCCM
5 3 (0.88%) BMC PATROL
5 3 (0.88%) NetBackup
5 3 (0.88%) Tivoli NetView
6 2 (0.59%) CA Wily
6 2 (0.59%) MAINVIEW
6 2 (0.59%) OMEGAMON
6 2 (0.59%) SCOM
6 2 (0.59%) Tivoli Identity Manager
6 2 (0.59%) vCenter Server
7 1 (0.29%) Ansible
7 1 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.29%) Puppet
7 1 (0.29%) Red Hat Satellite
7 1 (0.29%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 124 (36.47%) IBM
2 48 (14.12%) Oracle
3 24 (7.06%) Microsoft
4 23 (6.76%) CA
5 22 (6.47%) VMware
6 19 (5.59%) Sybase
7 15 (4.41%) Citrix
7 15 (4.41%) Software AG
8 13 (3.82%) HP
9 10 (2.94%) SAP
10 8 (2.35%) IBM Sterling
10 8 (2.35%) Pega
11 6 (1.76%) F5
11 6 (1.76%) Informatica
11 6 (1.76%) Teradata
12 5 (1.47%) BMC
12 5 (1.47%) Genesys
12 5 (1.47%) Red Hat
12 5 (1.47%) Splunk
13 4 (1.18%) ServiceNow