Period
to 20 November 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 20 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 511 597 332
Rank change year-on-year +86 -265 -33
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 418 298 766
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.40% 0.29% 0.74%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.18% 0.85% 2.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 241 160 439
UK median daily rate £425 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.56% - -
10th Percentile £300 £275 £260
90th Percentile £650 £600 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £450 £440
% change year-on-year -11.11% +2.27% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 3 24
UK median hourly rate £16.00 £27.50 £32.40
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -41.82% -15.12% +22.84%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.33 £27.50 £32.40
% change year-on-year -40.62% -15.12% +23.43%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 35,460 35,225 35,479
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.08% 34.44% 34.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,381 23,306 23,202
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £250
90th Percentile £656 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,082 1,069 1,227
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £20.21 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.91% +1.05% +5.10%
10th Percentile £12.14 £11.25 £11.66
90th Percentile £50.70 £48.05 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year - -2.44% +7.89%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor daily rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 20 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +123 385 £425 -5.56% 44
UK excluding London +15 272 £400 -11.11% 36
London +67 137 £538 +19.44% 13
North of England -15 83 £375 -15.49% 12
South East +3 65 £330 -34.00% 6
Yorkshire +20 48 £350 -25.73% 6
Midlands +26 43 £320 -28.89% 7
East of England +25 36 £488 +68.10% 4
East Midlands +24 27 £328 -28.87% 5
North West -37 26 £413 -2.88% 6
Scotland -46 25 £450 +5.88% 3
South West -23 20 £440 -20.00% 2
West Midlands -4 16 £306 -31.94% 2
North East 0 9 £295 -4.84%

For the 6 months to 20 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 123 (29.43%) Unix
2 106 (25.36%) Agile Software Development
3 102 (24.40%) Finance
4 101 (24.16%) Windows
5 92 (22.01%) DB2
6 82 (19.62%) SQL
7 81 (19.38%) IBM
8 79 (18.90%) Java
9 75 (17.94%) Migration
10 74 (17.70%) Banking
11 72 (17.22%) Linux
12 70 (16.75%) COBOL
12 70 (16.75%) CICS
13 64 (15.31%) Oracle
14 62 (14.83%) zOS
15 48 (11.48%) JCL
15 48 (11.48%) DevOps
16 45 (10.77%) Security Cleared
17 41 (9.81%) ITIL
18 37 (8.85%) IBM Mainframe
19 36 (8.61%) SC Cleared
20 35 (8.37%) Middleware
21 33 (7.89%) Shell Script
21 33 (7.89%) Data Centre
22 28 (6.70%) Stakeholder Management
23 27 (6.46%) Scrum
23 27 (6.46%) Python
23 27 (6.46%) Active Directory
23 27 (6.46%) Problem-Solving
24 26 (6.22%) Project Management

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (16.75%) CICS
2 24 (5.74%) WebLogic
3 22 (5.26%) WebSphere
4 9 (2.15%) SAS
5 8 (1.91%) Confluence
6 7 (1.67%) Apache
7 6 (1.44%) Tomcat
8 5 (1.20%) Oracle Service Bus
8 5 (1.20%) WebSphere Application Server
9 4 (0.96%) Gentran
9 4 (0.96%) Jetty
9 4 (0.96%) SharePoint
9 4 (0.96%) WildFly
10 3 (0.72%) JBoss
10 3 (0.72%) MS Exchange
11 2 (0.48%) IIS
11 2 (0.48%) MQSeries
12 1 (0.24%) Apache Spark
12 1 (0.24%) BizTalk Server
12 1 (0.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 12 (2.87%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.96%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.96%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.72%) EngageOne
3 3 (0.72%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.48%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 1 (0.24%) assyst
1 1 (0.24%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 20 (4.78%) Amazon AWS
2 10 (2.39%) Cloud Computing
3 5 (1.20%) Microsoft Azure
4 3 (0.72%) PaaS
5 2 (0.48%) GitHub
5 2 (0.48%) IBM Cloud
5 2 (0.48%) OpenShift
6 1 (0.24%) Amazon EC2
6 1 (0.24%) Amazon S3
6 1 (0.24%) AWS Lambda
6 1 (0.24%) IaaS
6 1 (0.24%) Office 365
6 1 (0.24%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 21 (5.02%) Firewall
2 19 (4.55%) WAN
3 13 (3.11%) SMTP
3 13 (3.11%) SNMP
4 11 (2.63%) LAN
4 11 (2.63%) SAN
5 10 (2.39%) Internet
5 10 (2.39%) NAS
6 9 (2.15%) TCP/IP
7 8 (1.91%) SMS
8 7 (1.67%) APPN
8 7 (1.67%) SNA
9 6 (1.44%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
9 6 (1.44%) SSL
9 6 (1.44%) Wireshark
10 5 (1.20%) SSH
11 4 (0.96%) FTP
11 4 (0.96%) Network Security
12 3 (0.72%) Telnet
13 2 (0.48%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 92 (22.01%) DB2
2 19 (4.55%) SQL Server
3 16 (3.83%) PostgreSQL
4 12 (2.87%) Adabas
5 10 (2.39%) Oracle Database
6 9 (2.15%) Data Warehouse
6 9 (2.15%) Oracle Database 12c
7 6 (1.44%) Oracle Reports
8 5 (1.20%) DataStage
8 5 (1.20%) Hadoop
8 5 (1.20%) Relational Database
9 4 (0.96%) Big Data
9 4 (0.96%) BusinessObjects
9 4 (0.96%) GIS
9 4 (0.96%) SAS Enterprise Guide
10 3 (0.72%) Apache Hive
10 3 (0.72%) Blockchain
10 3 (0.72%) IBM InfoSphere
10 3 (0.72%) SAS Data Integration Studio
11 2 (0.48%) SAS Visual Analytics
Development Applications
1 19 (4.55%) JIRA
2 14 (3.35%) Git (software)
3 12 (2.87%) Jenkins
4 8 (1.91%) Gradle
5 6 (1.44%) Selenium
6 5 (1.20%) Sonatype Nexus
6 5 (1.20%) Toad
7 3 (0.72%) HP UFT
7 3 (0.72%) LoadRunner
7 3 (0.72%) Maven
7 3 (0.72%) Zephyr
8 2 (0.48%) Ant
8 2 (0.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 2 (0.48%) Bitbucket
8 2 (0.48%) CA Release Automation
8 2 (0.48%) Cucumber
8 2 (0.48%) JMeter
8 2 (0.48%) JUnit
8 2 (0.48%) SoapUI
8 2 (0.48%) TeamCity
General
1 102 (24.40%) Finance
2 74 (17.70%) Banking
3 15 (3.59%) Law
4 9 (2.15%) Back Office
4 9 (2.15%) Retail Banking
5 8 (1.91%) Automotive
5 8 (1.91%) Financial Institution
6 7 (1.67%) Manufacturing
7 6 (1.44%) Retail
8 5 (1.20%) Private Banking
9 4 (0.96%) Legal
10 3 (0.72%) Marketing
10 3 (0.72%) Publishing
11 2 (0.48%) Dutch Language
12 1 (0.24%) Advertising
12 1 (0.24%) Investment Banking
12 1 (0.24%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 89 (21.29%) Developer
2 65 (15.55%) Architect
3 62 (14.83%) Analyst
4 28 (6.70%) COBOL Developer
5 26 (6.22%) Mainframe Developer
6 21 (5.02%) Administrator
7 20 (4.78%) Project Manager
8 19 (4.55%) Test Analyst
9 18 (4.31%) Consultant
10 16 (3.83%) Programmer
11 13 (3.11%) Business Analyst
11 13 (3.11%) IT Manager
11 13 (3.11%) Java Developer
11 13 (3.11%) Technical Architect
12 12 (2.87%) Mainframe Analyst
12 12 (2.87%) Tester
13 11 (2.63%) DBA
13 11 (2.63%) Network Architect
14 10 (2.39%) Database Architect
14 10 (2.39%) Systems Programmer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (8.37%) Middleware
2 19 (4.55%) Node.js
3 18 (4.31%) .NET
3 18 (4.31%) ISPF
4 16 (3.83%) J2EE
4 16 (3.83%) Web Services
5 12 (2.87%) LDAP
5 12 (2.87%) RESTful
5 12 (2.87%) XML
6 10 (2.39%) HTML
7 9 (2.15%) Oracle GoldenGate
7 9 (2.15%) REST
8 7 (1.67%) IBM Integration Bus
8 7 (1.67%) JSP
9 6 (1.44%) Software Packaging
9 6 (1.44%) WebSphere MQ
10 5 (1.20%) EntireX
10 5 (1.20%) SOAP
11 4 (0.96%) Ajax
11 4 (0.96%) JDBC
Miscellaneous
1 37 (8.85%) IBM Mainframe
2 33 (7.89%) Data Centre
3 23 (5.50%) Analytical Skills
4 19 (4.55%) Management Information System
5 15 (3.59%) iSeries
6 10 (2.39%) Tandem
7 9 (2.15%) Client/Server
7 9 (2.15%) User Experience
8 8 (1.91%) VSAM
9 7 (1.67%) Computer Science
9 7 (1.67%) Enterprise Software
9 7 (1.67%) Robotics
10 6 (1.44%) Replication
11 3 (0.72%) Algorithms
11 3 (0.72%) DataPower
11 3 (0.72%) Life Science
11 3 (0.72%) NHS
11 3 (0.72%) PKI
12 2 (0.48%) Enterprise Storage
12 2 (0.48%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 123 (29.43%) Unix
2 101 (24.16%) Windows
3 72 (17.22%) Linux
4 62 (14.83%) zOS
5 17 (4.07%) VME
6 11 (2.63%) Solaris
7 7 (1.67%) AIX
8 6 (1.44%) MVS
8 6 (1.44%) Windows Server
9 5 (1.20%) Data ONTAP
10 3 (0.72%) OS/2
10 3 (0.72%) Windows 2000
10 3 (0.72%) Windows Server 2003
10 3 (0.72%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.48%) Windows NT
12 1 (0.24%) HPUX
12 1 (0.24%) OS/390
12 1 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 1 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 106 (25.36%) Agile Software Development
2 75 (17.94%) Migration
3 48 (11.48%) DevOps
4 41 (9.81%) ITIL
5 28 (6.70%) Stakeholder Management
6 27 (6.46%) Problem-Solving
6 27 (6.46%) Scrum
7 26 (6.22%) Project Management
8 24 (5.74%) Microservices
9 22 (5.26%) Change Management
10 20 (4.78%) TDD
11 19 (4.55%) Test Automation
11 19 (4.55%) Workflow
12 18 (4.31%) Risk Management
12 18 (4.31%) Waterfall
13 17 (4.07%) Continuous Integration
14 16 (3.83%) BDD
14 16 (3.83%) Test Scripting
14 16 (3.83%) Test Strategy
15 15 (3.59%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 82 (19.62%) SQL
2 79 (18.90%) Java
3 70 (16.75%) COBOL
4 48 (11.48%) JCL
5 33 (7.89%) Shell Script
6 27 (6.46%) Python
7 25 (5.98%) REXX
8 24 (5.74%) Perl
9 19 (4.55%) Assembly Language
10 15 (3.59%) JavaScript
11 14 (3.35%) C#
12 13 (3.11%) C
13 12 (2.87%) PL/SQL
14 10 (2.39%) PHP
15 8 (1.91%) Scala
16 6 (1.44%) VB.NET
17 5 (1.20%) C++
17 5 (1.20%) Groovy
18 3 (0.72%) Java 8
18 3 (0.72%) R
Qualifications
1 45 (10.77%) Security Cleared
2 36 (8.61%) SC Cleared
3 17 (4.07%) ISTQB
4 15 (3.59%) ISEB
5 10 (2.39%) Degree
6 7 (1.67%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 5 (1.20%) CISM
8 4 (0.96%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.96%) PMI Certification
8 4 (0.96%) PMP
9 3 (0.72%) MCSE
9 3 (0.72%) Microsoft Certification
9 3 (0.72%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 2 (0.48%) CCNA
10 2 (0.48%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.48%) CISSP
10 2 (0.48%) ISEB Practitioner
11 1 (0.24%) CISA
11 1 (0.24%) CTC Cleared
11 1 (0.24%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (3.83%) QA
2 11 (2.63%) SLA
3 8 (1.91%) GDPR
4 5 (1.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 4 (0.96%) PMO
6 3 (0.72%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.24%) SEPA
System Software
1 27 (6.46%) Active Directory
2 24 (5.74%) RACF
3 21 (5.02%) Time Sharing Option
4 18 (4.31%) Docker
5 10 (2.39%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (1.44%) ACF2
7 2 (0.48%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
8 1 (0.24%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.24%) HDFS
8 1 (0.24%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.24%) Job Entry Subsystem
8 1 (0.24%) KVM
8 1 (0.24%) NFS
8 1 (0.24%) SRDF
8 1 (0.24%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 1 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.24%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.24%) Xen
Systems Management
1 18 (4.31%) Kubernetes
2 9 (2.15%) OMEGAMON
3 7 (1.67%) Ansible
4 6 (1.44%) zSecure
5 5 (1.20%) CA Single Sign-On
5 5 (1.20%) Tivoli Storage Manager
6 4 (0.96%) HP ALM
7 3 (0.72%) CA Endevor
7 3 (0.72%) Control-M
7 3 (0.72%) HP Quality Center
7 3 (0.72%) Tivoli
8 2 (0.48%) Automic
8 2 (0.48%) Opscode Chef
8 2 (0.48%) Puppet
9 1 (0.24%) Forum Sentry
9 1 (0.24%) NetBackup
9 1 (0.24%) Oozie
9 1 (0.24%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 81 (19.38%) IBM
2 64 (15.31%) Oracle
3 23 (5.50%) Microsoft
4 22 (5.26%) Cisco
5 20 (4.78%) VMware
6 17 (4.07%) CA
7 13 (3.11%) webMethods
8 11 (2.63%) NetApp
8 11 (2.63%) Software AG
9 10 (2.39%) Automation Anywhere
9 10 (2.39%) Remedy
10 9 (2.15%) Citrix
10 9 (2.15%) EMC
10 9 (2.15%) SAP
11 8 (1.91%) CheckPoint
11 8 (1.91%) HP
11 8 (1.91%) UiPath
12 7 (1.67%) BMC
13 6 (1.44%) BEA
13 6 (1.44%) Unisys