Period
to 21 October 2017

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 21 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 572 317 305
Rank change year-on-year -255 -12 +19
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 315 823 893
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.32% 0.77% 0.78%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.94% 2.33% 2.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 159 474 431
UK median daily rate £440 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.22% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £275 £255 £310
90th Percentile £595 £550 £565
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £430 £425
% change year-on-year +0.12% +1.06% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 27 16
UK median hourly rate £30.00 £32.40 £26.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.41% +22.84% -2.31%
10th Percentile £17.03 £16.25 £12.25
90th Percentile £32.08 £46.30 £38.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £32.40 £26.25
% change year-on-year -7.41% +23.43% -4.55%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 33347 35358 37028
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.57% 33.30% 32.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 22047 23176 23428
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £263 £250 £240
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £390 £375
% change year-on-year +2.56% +4.00% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 993 1199 1462
UK median hourly rate £20.94 £20.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.68% +5.26% +1.60%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.71 £11.25
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.05 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.21 £20.50 £18.00
% change year-on-year -1.41% +13.89% -2.70%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor daily rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 21 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 21 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -242 264 £450 - 9
UK excluding London -168 235 £430 +0.12% 10
North of England -44 95 £430 +1.78% 3
London -57 74 £475 -2.06% 3
North West -40 68 £425 -10.53% 3
Scotland -9 52 £423 -11.05% 4
South East -28 49 £433 -3.89% 2
Yorkshire 0 18 £450 -5.26%
South West -4 16 £525 +69.35% 1
East of England -80 15 £290 +6.81%
Midlands -52 12 £450 -5.26%
East Midlands -36 10 £461 +13.54%
North East +10 9 £310 -13.89%
West Midlands -19 1 £450 -5.26%
Northern Ireland - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 21 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 111 (35.24%) IBM
2 96 (30.48%) Finance
3 90 (28.57%) DB2
4 87 (27.62%) Unix
5 71 (22.54%) Banking
6 62 (19.68%) Windows
7 57 (18.10%) Linux
8 54 (17.14%) SQL
9 51 (16.19%) JCL
10 49 (15.56%) Middleware
11 48 (15.24%) Migration
11 48 (15.24%) CICS
12 47 (14.92%) IBM Mainframe
13 46 (14.60%) Java
14 45 (14.29%) Agile Software Development
15 42 (13.33%) zOS
16 37 (11.75%) COBOL
17 35 (11.11%) Oracle
18 33 (10.48%) ISPF
18 33 (10.48%) Time Sharing Option
19 30 (9.52%) Microsoft Office
20 29 (9.21%) Firewall
21 27 (8.57%) Data Centre
22 26 (8.25%) Analytical Skills
22 26 (8.25%) Stakeholder Management
22 26 (8.25%) REXX
23 25 (7.94%) Shell Script
23 25 (7.94%) SSL
23 25 (7.94%) Microsoft Excel
24 23 (7.30%) AIX

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (15.24%) CICS
2 21 (6.67%) SAS
2 21 (6.67%) WebSphere
3 17 (5.40%) MQSeries
4 10 (3.17%) Tomcat
5 9 (2.86%) IIS
6 6 (1.90%) Apache
6 6 (1.90%) Apache Pig
7 5 (1.59%) JBoss
8 4 (1.27%) SharePoint
8 4 (1.27%) WebSphere Application Server
9 3 (0.95%) BizTalk Server
9 3 (0.95%) IBM Notes
10 2 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.63%) MS Exchange
10 2 (0.63%) OpenStack
10 2 (0.63%) Oracle Application Server
10 2 (0.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 2 (0.63%) Oracle Workflow
10 2 (0.63%) WebLogic
Applications
1 30 (9.52%) Microsoft Office
2 25 (7.94%) Microsoft Excel
3 17 (5.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (2.54%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.63%) Maximo
2 1 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 11 (3.49%) Amazon AWS
1 11 (3.49%) Microsoft Azure
2 6 (1.90%) Adobe Analytics
3 4 (1.27%) Bluemix
3 4 (1.27%) GitHub
3 4 (1.27%) IBM Cloud
4 3 (0.95%) PaaS
5 2 (0.63%) Azure Machine Learning
6 1 (0.32%) IaaS
6 1 (0.32%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 29 (9.21%) Firewall
2 25 (7.94%) SSL
3 23 (7.30%) SSH
4 16 (5.08%) Kerberos
5 10 (3.17%) LDAP
5 10 (3.17%) SAN
6 9 (2.86%) FTP
6 9 (2.86%) Network Security
7 8 (2.54%) WAN
8 6 (1.90%) BIG-IP
8 6 (1.90%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
8 6 (1.90%) HTTP
8 6 (1.90%) SNMP
8 6 (1.90%) Structured Cabling
9 5 (1.59%) DNS
9 5 (1.59%) LAN
9 5 (1.59%) MPLS
10 4 (1.27%) Internet
10 4 (1.27%) NAS
11 3 (0.95%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 90 (28.57%) DB2
2 16 (5.08%) Adabas
3 11 (3.49%) SQL Server
4 8 (2.54%) Big Data
5 5 (1.59%) MS Access
6 3 (0.95%) Oracle Database
6 3 (0.95%) SAS EBI
7 2 (0.63%) Hadoop
7 2 (0.63%) KNIME
7 2 (0.63%) MongoDB
7 2 (0.63%) MySQL
7 2 (0.63%) OLTP
7 2 (0.63%) QlikView
7 2 (0.63%) Relational Database
7 2 (0.63%) SQL Server 2005
7 2 (0.63%) SQL Server 2008
7 2 (0.63%) SQL Server 2012
7 2 (0.63%) SQL Server 2014
8 1 (0.32%) Business Intelligence Development Studio
8 1 (0.32%) IMS/DB
Development Applications
1 10 (3.17%) Bitbucket
1 10 (3.17%) TeamCity
2 8 (2.54%) JIRA
3 7 (2.22%) Eclipse
3 7 (2.22%) HP UFT
3 7 (2.22%) webpack
4 6 (1.90%) Artifactory
5 4 (1.27%) Ant
5 4 (1.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 4 (1.27%) Gradle
5 4 (1.27%) Jenkins
5 4 (1.27%) Maven
6 3 (0.95%) Toad
7 2 (0.63%) Selenium
7 2 (0.63%) WebDriver
8 1 (0.32%) CA Gen
8 1 (0.32%) ERwin
8 1 (0.32%) SoapUI
8 1 (0.32%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
8 1 (0.32%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 96 (30.48%) Finance
2 71 (22.54%) Banking
3 14 (4.44%) Law
4 10 (3.17%) Retail
4 10 (3.17%) Retail Banking
5 3 (0.95%) Front Office
6 2 (0.63%) Financial Institution
6 2 (0.63%) Investment Banking
6 2 (0.63%) Legal
6 2 (0.63%) Local Government
6 2 (0.63%) Manufacturing
6 2 (0.63%) Private Banking
6 2 (0.63%) Retail Finance
6 2 (0.63%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.32%) Automotive
7 1 (0.32%) Back Office
7 1 (0.32%) Billing
7 1 (0.32%) Danish Language
7 1 (0.32%) Dutch Language
7 1 (0.32%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 53 (16.83%) Analyst
2 38 (12.06%) Consultant
3 30 (9.52%) Developer
4 24 (7.62%) Architect
4 24 (7.62%) DBA
5 23 (7.30%) Project Manager
6 18 (5.71%) Administrator
6 18 (5.71%) DB2 DBA
7 15 (4.76%) Designer
7 15 (4.76%) Mainframe Analyst
8 14 (4.44%) Security Consultant
9 11 (3.49%) Programmer
9 11 (3.49%) Test Analyst
10 9 (2.86%) Infrastructure Architect
10 9 (2.86%) Mainframe Programmer
10 9 (2.86%) Migration Manager
11 8 (2.54%) Business Analyst
11 8 (2.54%) DB2 Administrator
11 8 (2.54%) Mainframe Test Analyst
11 8 (2.54%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 49 (15.56%) Middleware
2 33 (10.48%) ISPF
3 15 (4.76%) Web Services
4 11 (3.49%) .NET
5 10 (3.17%) J2EE
6 9 (2.86%) Hibernate
6 9 (2.86%) JSON
6 9 (2.86%) React
6 9 (2.86%) Spring
7 8 (2.54%) REST
8 7 (2.22%) Node.js
8 7 (2.22%) Struts
9 6 (1.90%) AngularJS
9 6 (1.90%) Kafka
9 6 (1.90%) Spring Boot
10 5 (1.59%) XML
11 4 (1.27%) .NET Framework
12 3 (0.95%) HTML
12 3 (0.95%) HTML5
12 3 (0.95%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 47 (14.92%) IBM Mainframe
2 27 (8.57%) Data Centre
3 26 (8.25%) Analytical Skills
4 22 (6.98%) PKI
5 14 (4.44%) Replication
6 10 (3.17%) Client/Server
7 9 (2.86%) Enterprise Software
8 8 (2.54%) AS400
8 8 (2.54%) DataPower
8 8 (2.54%) Management Information System
9 6 (1.90%) iSeries
10 5 (1.59%) Reference Data
10 5 (1.59%) Virtual Team
10 5 (1.59%) VSAM
11 2 (0.63%) CESG
11 2 (0.63%) Clustering
11 2 (0.63%) Computer Science
11 2 (0.63%) RIA
11 2 (0.63%) Robotics
11 2 (0.63%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 87 (27.62%) Unix
2 62 (19.68%) Windows
3 57 (18.10%) Linux
4 42 (13.33%) zOS
5 23 (7.30%) AIX
6 14 (4.44%) Solaris
7 11 (3.49%) Windows Server
8 9 (2.86%) HPUX
8 9 (2.86%) MVS
9 6 (1.90%) OS/390
10 4 (1.27%) NetWare
11 3 (0.95%) OS/2
12 2 (0.63%) Data ONTAP
12 2 (0.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 2 (0.63%) Windows NT
13 1 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 48 (15.24%) Migration
2 45 (14.29%) Agile Software Development
3 26 (8.25%) Stakeholder Management
4 22 (6.98%) Project Management
5 21 (6.67%) ITIL
6 19 (6.03%) Release Management
7 18 (5.71%) DevOps
7 18 (5.71%) Information Security
7 18 (5.71%) Project Planning
7 18 (5.71%) Security Management
7 18 (5.71%) Time Management
8 17 (5.40%) Open Source
9 16 (5.08%) Change Management
9 16 (5.08%) People Management
10 14 (4.44%) Disaster Recovery
10 14 (4.44%) Load Balancing
10 14 (4.44%) Microservices
11 13 (4.13%) High Availability
11 13 (4.13%) Service Delivery
11 13 (4.13%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 54 (17.14%) SQL
2 51 (16.19%) JCL
3 46 (14.60%) Java
4 37 (11.75%) COBOL
5 26 (8.25%) REXX
6 25 (7.94%) Shell Script
7 23 (7.30%) Assembly Language
8 19 (6.03%) Perl
9 16 (5.08%) CLIST
10 13 (4.13%) Python
11 8 (2.54%) JavaScript
12 7 (2.22%) NATURAL
13 6 (1.90%) Bash Shell
13 6 (1.90%) C++
13 6 (1.90%) VB
14 4 (1.27%) C
15 3 (0.95%) R
16 2 (0.63%) C#
17 1 (0.32%) PL/SQL
17 1 (0.32%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 19 (6.03%) SC Cleared
1 19 (6.03%) Security Cleared
2 13 (4.13%) Degree
3 10 (3.17%) CISSP
4 8 (2.54%) CISA
5 5 (1.59%) CISM
5 5 (1.59%) ITIL Certification
6 3 (0.95%) CCNP
6 3 (0.95%) Cisco Certification
6 3 (0.95%) CRISC
7 2 (0.63%) CEH
7 2 (0.63%) Computer Science Degree
7 2 (0.63%) CTC Cleared
7 2 (0.63%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.32%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.32%) ISEB
8 1 (0.32%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.32%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (3.49%) QA
2 3 (0.95%) Disclosure Scotland
2 3 (0.95%) Sarbanes-Oxley
2 3 (0.95%) SLA
3 2 (0.63%) GDPR
3 2 (0.63%) PMO
4 1 (0.32%) COBIT
4 1 (0.32%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.32%) Solvency II
System Software
1 33 (10.48%) Time Sharing Option
2 21 (6.67%) Active Directory
2 21 (6.67%) RACF
3 16 (5.08%) Job Entry Subsystem
4 10 (3.17%) Virtual Machines
5 6 (1.90%) Apache Flume
6 4 (1.27%) Docker
7 3 (0.95%) Virtual Desktop
7 3 (0.95%) VMware Infrastructure
8 2 (0.63%) Tivoli Directory Server
8 2 (0.63%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.32%) ACF2
9 1 (0.32%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 21 (6.67%) zSecure
2 11 (3.49%) Tivoli
3 5 (1.59%) Tivoli Storage Manager
4 4 (1.27%) Ansible
4 4 (1.27%) Kubernetes
4 4 (1.27%) Opscode Chef
4 4 (1.27%) Puppet
5 3 (0.95%) BMC PATROL
5 3 (0.95%) CA Endevor
5 3 (0.95%) HP Quality Center
5 3 (0.95%) Tivoli NetView
6 2 (0.63%) CA Wily
6 2 (0.63%) MAINVIEW
6 2 (0.63%) NetBackup
6 2 (0.63%) OMEGAMON
6 2 (0.63%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
6 2 (0.63%) PowerBroker
6 2 (0.63%) SCCM
6 2 (0.63%) Tivoli Identity Manager
7 1 (0.32%) Perfmon
Vendors
1 111 (35.24%) IBM
2 35 (11.11%) Oracle
3 21 (6.67%) CA
3 21 (6.67%) Microsoft
4 19 (6.03%) Sybase
5 9 (2.86%) F5
5 9 (2.86%) HP
5 9 (2.86%) VMware
6 8 (2.54%) Software AG
7 7 (2.22%) IBM Sterling
7 7 (2.22%) ServiceNow
8 6 (1.90%) Adobe
8 6 (1.90%) Green Hat
8 6 (1.90%) SAP
8 6 (1.90%) Splunk
9 5 (1.59%) Ab Initio
9 5 (1.59%) Citrix
9 5 (1.59%) CyberArk
10 4 (1.27%) Red Hat
10 4 (1.27%) Remedy