Period
to 10 August 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 10 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
10 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 452 584 530
Rank change year-on-year +132 -54 -5
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 98 276 397
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.28% 0.30% 0.38%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.83% 0.95% 1.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 51 178 201
Median daily rate £430 £450 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.44% +2.86% +2.94%
10th Percentile £313 £288 £275
90th Percentile £650 £616 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 4 9
Median hourly rate £27.50 £27.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +57.14% -41.67%
10th Percentile £17.75 £16.03 £16.00
90th Percentile £50.50 £43.99 £45.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.25 £27.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year -30.00% +57.14% -41.67%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 11,738 29,119 33,623
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.52% 31.74% 32.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,345 18,575 21,643
Median daily rate £482 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.47% +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £263 £275 £275
90th Percentile £713 £670 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £413
% change year-on-year - +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 541 1,073 1,051
Median hourly rate £31.61 £21.00 £21.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +50.52% -1.18% +6.25%
10th Percentile £12.98 £11.63 £12.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.40 £50.25
Median hourly rate £24.70 £19.03 £20.00
% change year-on-year +29.80% -4.85% +5.26%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Mainframe.

Daily rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Mainframe.

Hourly rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 10 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +148 85 £500 +11.11% 5
UK excluding London +85 58 £450 +5.88% 4
London +189 31 £413 -24.14% 1
South East +118 21 £500 +37.93% 2
North of England +86 18 £300 -28.99%
North West +70 14 £241 -37.82%
Work from Home -22 12 £456 -10.98%
South West +87 7 £650 +30.00% 1
Scotland +64 5 £438 -
Yorkshire +70 4 £375 -16.67%
Midlands +80 2 - - 1
Wales +41 2 £400 -29.82%
Northern Ireland +17 2 £327 -
West Midlands +71 1 - -
East of England +56 1 £425 -17.07%
East Midlands +46 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 10 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 33 (33.67%) Java
2 25 (25.51%) Finance
3 22 (22.45%) Agile Software Development
4 18 (18.37%) zOS
4 18 (18.37%) Oracle
5 17 (17.35%) Windows
5 17 (17.35%) JCL
5 17 (17.35%) Banking
6 16 (16.33%) SQL
6 16 (16.33%) Problem-Solving
7 15 (15.31%) Unix
7 15 (15.31%) Linux
7 15 (15.31%) SOAP
7 15 (15.31%) Web Services
8 14 (14.29%) IBM
8 14 (14.29%) SQL Server
8 14 (14.29%) C
8 14 (14.29%) COBOL
8 14 (14.29%) Migration
9 13 (13.27%) DB2
10 12 (12.24%) CICS
10 12 (12.24%) JIRA
11 11 (11.22%) PowerShell
11 11 (11.22%) RACF
11 11 (11.22%) DevOps
12 10 (10.20%) XML
12 10 (10.20%) C++
12 10 (10.20%) MySQL
12 10 (10.20%) Selenium
13 9 (9.18%) WebSphere

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (12.24%) CICS
2 9 (9.18%) WebSphere
3 5 (5.10%) MS Exchange
4 4 (4.08%) Tomcat
5 3 (3.06%) Apache Spark
6 2 (2.04%) SAS
7 1 (1.02%) Apache
7 1 (1.02%) Confluence
7 1 (1.02%) Oracle Service Bus
7 1 (1.02%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 1 (1.02%) Papyrus
7 1 (1.02%) StreamWeaver
Applications
1 7 (7.14%) MS Visio
2 6 (6.12%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (5.10%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (1.02%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 1 (1.02%) assyst
1 1 (1.02%) Exstream
1 1 (1.02%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 7 (7.14%) AWS
2 6 (6.12%) Azure
3 5 (5.10%) GCP
4 4 (4.08%) OpenShift
5 3 (3.06%) AWS Lambda
5 3 (3.06%) IaaS
5 3 (3.06%) PaaS
5 3 (3.06%) Power Platform
5 3 (3.06%) SaaS
5 3 (3.06%) Serverless
6 1 (1.02%) Tricentis Tosca
Communications & Networking
1 5 (5.10%) IP Telephony
1 5 (5.10%) VoIP
2 4 (4.08%) FTP
3 3 (3.06%) Firewall
3 3 (3.06%) HTTP
4 2 (2.04%) Internet
4 2 (2.04%) Intranet
4 2 (2.04%) LAN
4 2 (2.04%) WAN
5 1 (1.02%) SAN
5 1 (1.02%) SSL
5 1 (1.02%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (14.29%) SQL Server
2 13 (13.27%) DB2
3 10 (10.20%) MySQL
4 8 (8.16%) DB2 UDB
4 8 (8.16%) PostgreSQL
5 5 (5.10%) DataStage
5 5 (5.10%) Oracle Database
5 5 (5.10%) Relational Database
6 4 (4.08%) Adabas
6 4 (4.08%) Data Mining
7 3 (3.06%) Amazon Athena
7 3 (3.06%) Amazon Redshift
7 3 (3.06%) BusinessObjects
7 3 (3.06%) Power BI
7 3 (3.06%) QlikView
7 3 (3.06%) RDBMS
8 2 (2.04%) MongoDB
8 2 (2.04%) Oracle Discoverer
8 2 (2.04%) Oracle Reports
9 1 (1.02%) Crystal Reports
Development Applications
1 12 (12.24%) JIRA
2 10 (10.20%) Selenium
3 9 (9.18%) Git (software)
4 8 (8.16%) Ant
4 8 (8.16%) Eclipse
5 5 (5.10%) JUnit
6 4 (4.08%) ClearQuest
7 3 (3.06%) ERwin
7 3 (3.06%) git-flow
8 2 (2.04%) ChangeMan
8 2 (2.04%) SoapUI
9 1 (1.02%) Cucumber
9 1 (1.02%) Jenkins
9 1 (1.02%) JMeter
9 1 (1.02%) Postman
9 1 (1.02%) Subversion
General
1 25 (25.51%) Finance
2 17 (17.35%) Banking
3 4 (4.08%) Law
3 4 (4.08%) Police
3 4 (4.08%) Telecoms
4 2 (2.04%) Financial Institution
5 1 (1.02%) Automotive
5 1 (1.02%) Back Office
5 1 (1.02%) Front Office
5 1 (1.02%) Investment Banking
5 1 (1.02%) Legal
5 1 (1.02%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 24 (24.49%) Analyst
2 15 (15.31%) Architect
2 15 (15.31%) Developer
3 11 (11.22%) Consultant
4 9 (9.18%) Programmer
4 9 (9.18%) Security Architect
5 8 (8.16%) Java Developer
6 7 (7.14%) Administrator
6 7 (7.14%) Mainframe Developer
6 7 (7.14%) Systems Analyst
7 6 (6.12%) Mainframe Programmer
8 5 (5.10%) COBOL Developer
8 5 (5.10%) Systems Administrator
8 5 (5.10%) Systems Programmer
8 5 (5.10%) Technical Analyst
9 4 (4.08%) C++ Developer
9 4 (4.08%) C++/Java Developer
10 3 (3.06%) Cloud Architect
10 3 (3.06%) Development Consultant
10 3 (3.06%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (15.31%) SOAP
1 15 (15.31%) Web Services
2 10 (10.20%) XML
3 8 (8.16%) HTML
3 8 (8.16%) JSP
3 8 (8.16%) LDAP
3 8 (8.16%) SailPoint
3 8 (8.16%) Servlets
4 6 (6.12%) ISPF
4 6 (6.12%) Kafka
5 5 (5.10%) Node.js
6 4 (4.08%) AngularJS
6 4 (4.08%) Electron Framework
6 4 (4.08%) JMS
6 4 (4.08%) WebSphere MQ
7 3 (3.06%) .NET
7 3 (3.06%) ActiveMQ
7 3 (3.06%) Apache NiFi
7 3 (3.06%) RabbitMQ
8 2 (2.04%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 8 (8.16%) Linux Command Line
2 4 (4.08%) Data Centre
2 4 (4.08%) iSeries
2 4 (4.08%) Management Information System
3 3 (3.06%) AS400
3 3 (3.06%) IBM Mainframe
3 3 (3.06%) Replication
4 2 (2.04%) Blackberry
5 1 (1.02%) Analytical Skills
5 1 (1.02%) Client/Server
5 1 (1.02%) Clustering
5 1 (1.02%) DataPower
5 1 (1.02%) Enterprise Software
5 1 (1.02%) Mobile App
5 1 (1.02%) Self-Motivation
5 1 (1.02%) Tandem
5 1 (1.02%) User Experience
5 1 (1.02%) VSAM
Operating Systems
1 18 (18.37%) zOS
2 17 (17.35%) Windows
3 15 (15.31%) Linux
3 15 (15.31%) Unix
4 8 (8.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 5 (5.10%) Apple iOS
5 5 (5.10%) Windows Server
6 3 (3.06%) MVS
7 2 (2.04%) OS/390
8 1 (1.02%) AIX
8 1 (1.02%) HPUX
8 1 (1.02%) Mac OS X
8 1 (1.02%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 22 (22.45%) Agile Software Development
2 16 (16.33%) Problem-Solving
3 14 (14.29%) Migration
4 11 (11.22%) DevOps
5 8 (8.16%) ITIL
5 8 (8.16%) Test Automation
6 7 (7.14%) ETL
6 7 (7.14%) SDLC
6 7 (7.14%) Security Architecture
6 7 (7.14%) Service Management
6 7 (7.14%) Stakeholder Management
7 6 (6.12%) Disaster Recovery
7 6 (6.12%) Microservices
7 6 (6.12%) Project Management
7 6 (6.12%) Technical Analysis
7 6 (6.12%) Waterfall
8 5 (5.10%) Data Migration
8 5 (5.10%) Data Modelling
8 5 (5.10%) Risk Management
8 5 (5.10%) UML
Programming Languages
1 33 (33.67%) Java
2 17 (17.35%) JCL
3 16 (16.33%) SQL
4 14 (14.29%) C
4 14 (14.29%) COBOL
5 11 (11.22%) PowerShell
6 10 (10.20%) C++
7 9 (9.18%) JavaScript
7 9 (9.18%) Perl
8 8 (8.16%) BeanShell
8 8 (8.16%) Bourne shell
8 8 (8.16%) Korn
8 8 (8.16%) PL/1
9 7 (7.14%) Python
10 5 (5.10%) VBA
11 4 (4.08%) Groovy
11 4 (4.08%) Natural
11 4 (4.08%) PHP
12 3 (3.06%) Scala
13 2 (2.04%) REXX
Qualifications
1 5 (5.10%) Oracle Certification
1 5 (5.10%) Security Cleared
2 3 (3.06%) CISA
2 3 (3.06%) CISM
3 2 (2.04%) BC Cleared
3 2 (2.04%) Computer Science Degree
3 2 (2.04%) Degree
4 1 (1.02%) CEH
4 1 (1.02%) CISSP
4 1 (1.02%) CRISC
4 1 (1.02%) DV Cleared
4 1 (1.02%) ISSAP
4 1 (1.02%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (5.10%) QA
2 2 (2.04%) COSO
2 2 (2.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (1.02%) COBIT
3 1 (1.02%) NIST
3 1 (1.02%) SLA
System Software
1 11 (11.22%) RACF
2 8 (8.16%) Active Directory
2 8 (8.16%) Time Sharing Option
3 3 (3.06%) Job Entry Subsystem
4 1 (1.02%) Docker
4 1 (1.02%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 3 (3.06%) SafeCom
1 3 (3.06%) Tivoli NetView
2 1 (1.02%) Kubernetes
2 1 (1.02%) MAINVIEW
2 1 (1.02%) MOM
2 1 (1.02%) OMEGAMON
2 1 (1.02%) Opscode Chef
2 1 (1.02%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
2 1 (1.02%) Puppet
Vendors
1 18 (18.37%) Oracle
2 14 (14.29%) IBM
3 9 (9.18%) CA
3 9 (9.18%) Microsoft
4 8 (8.16%) Informatica
4 8 (8.16%) Red Hat
5 5 (5.10%) Apple
5 5 (5.10%) MuleSoft
5 5 (5.10%) Remedy
6 4 (4.08%) Google
6 4 (4.08%) HP
6 4 (4.08%) Software AG
6 4 (4.08%) Tableau
7 3 (3.06%) Canon
8 2 (2.04%) Capita
8 2 (2.04%) Fujitsu
8 2 (2.04%) ServiceNow
8 2 (2.04%) Unisys
9 1 (1.02%) OpenText
9 1 (1.02%) Sun