Period
to 23 September 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 23 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 531 429 612
Rank change year-on-year -102 +183 -90
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 275 83 232
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.34% 0.28% 0.26%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.15% 0.89% 0.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 156 33 126
10th Percentile £325 £283 £288
25th Percentile £405 £330 £346
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £476 £425 £428
Median % change year-on-year +12.00% -0.58% +0.44%
75th Percentile £553 £468 £519
90th Percentile £639 £520 £603
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £420
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 4 3
Median hourly rate - £19.25 £37.50
Median % change year-on-year - -48.67% +134.38%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £19.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year - -48.67% +129.64%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 23,867 9,323 25,439
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.73% 31.38% 28.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,617 6,260 16,665
10th Percentile £306 £268 £275
25th Percentile £413 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £515 £490 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.10% +3.16% -
75th Percentile £625 £612 £575
90th Percentile £713 £725 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 695 326 869
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.50 £11.63
25th Percentile £15.04 £17.06 £14.25
Median hourly rate £25.00 £26.98 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -7.34% +28.48% -
75th Percentile £50.00 £46.30 £47.50
90th Percentile £65.00 £57.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.50 £24.00 £19.64
% change year-on-year -14.58% +22.20% +3.29%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Mainframe.

Daily rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 23 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Mainframe.

Hourly rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -96 210 £500 +17.53% 23
UK excluding London -77 100 £450 +5.88% 15
London -149 96 £538 +21.81% 10
Work from Home -183 79 £500 +11.11% 1
North of England -63 32 £425 +30.77% 8
South East -78 24 £475 +8.57% 2
North West -40 20 £424 +75.77% 5
Midlands -63 19 £300 -36.84% 1
Scotland -63 18 £463 +5.71% 3
West Midlands -56 15 £315 -30.00% 1
Yorkshire -44 10 £413 +10.00% 2
South West -40 6 £625 -10.71%
East Midlands - 4 £300 -
North East - 2 £525 - 1
East of England -48 1 £438 +2.94% 1

For the 6 months to 23 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 95 (34.55%) IBM
2 73 (26.55%) DB2
3 72 (26.18%) zOS
4 69 (25.09%) CICS
5 65 (23.64%) Agile Software Development
6 63 (22.91%) Finance
7 53 (19.27%) Banking
7 53 (19.27%) COBOL
8 52 (18.91%) Social Skills
9 51 (18.55%) JCL
10 43 (15.64%) DevOps
11 42 (15.27%) Migration
12 37 (13.45%) REXX
13 36 (13.09%) RACF
14 32 (11.64%) CA
14 32 (11.64%) Oracle
15 31 (11.27%) SQL
15 31 (11.27%) Java
15 31 (11.27%) JIRA
16 29 (10.55%) IDMS
16 29 (10.55%) Linux
17 26 (9.45%) Software Engineering
18 25 (9.09%) Project Management
18 25 (9.09%) Stakeholder Management
18 25 (9.09%) IBM Mainframe
18 25 (9.09%) Analytics
19 24 (8.73%) Scrum
20 23 (8.36%) Unix
20 23 (8.36%) AWS
21 22 (8.00%) Test Automation

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (25.09%) CICS
2 22 (8.00%) SAS
3 17 (6.18%) Confluence
4 7 (2.55%) Apache Spark
5 6 (2.18%) Tomcat
5 6 (2.18%) WebSphere
6 3 (1.09%) Apache
6 3 (1.09%) Elasticsearch
7 2 (0.73%) Apache Pig
7 2 (0.73%) IIS
7 2 (0.73%) JBoss
7 2 (0.73%) Oracle HTTP Server
7 2 (0.73%) Red Hat Fuse
7 2 (0.73%) SharePoint
7 2 (0.73%) WebSphere Application Server
8 1 (0.36%) MQSeries
8 1 (0.36%) nginx
8 1 (0.36%) OpenStack
8 1 (0.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 1 (0.36%) WebSphere Portal
Applications
1 17 (6.18%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (3.27%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (1.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (1.09%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (2.18%) BASE24
2 3 (1.09%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
2 3 (1.09%) SAP S/4HANA
2 3 (1.09%) Workday HCM
3 2 (0.73%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.36%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.36%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.36%) VisionPLUS
Cloud Services
1 23 (8.36%) AWS
2 8 (2.91%) Azure
3 6 (2.18%) Cloud Computing
4 5 (1.82%) Amazon S3
4 5 (1.82%) Snowflake
5 4 (1.45%) GitHub
6 3 (1.09%) GCP
6 3 (1.09%) PaaS
6 3 (1.09%) Serverless
7 2 (0.73%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 2 (0.73%) Amazon EC2
7 2 (0.73%) Amazon EKS
7 2 (0.73%) Amazon ElastiCache
7 2 (0.73%) AWS CloudFormation
7 2 (0.73%) AWS Lambda
7 2 (0.73%) Azure Active Directory
7 2 (0.73%) CloudFront
7 2 (0.73%) Route 53
7 2 (0.73%) SaaS
7 2 (0.73%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 13 (4.73%) SAN
2 9 (3.27%) NAS
3 6 (2.18%) SMS
3 6 (2.18%) SNA
4 5 (1.82%) ATM
4 5 (1.82%) Firewall
5 4 (1.45%) Network Security
5 4 (1.45%) PuTTY
5 4 (1.45%) SSL
6 3 (1.09%) DMZ
6 3 (1.09%) HTTP
6 3 (1.09%) Internet
6 3 (1.09%) TCP/IP
6 3 (1.09%) VoIP
6 3 (1.09%) Wi-Fi
7 2 (0.73%) LAN
7 2 (0.73%) OSPF
7 2 (0.73%) WAN
7 2 (0.73%) WebEx
8 1 (0.36%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 73 (26.55%) DB2
2 29 (10.55%) IDMS
3 13 (4.73%) Hadoop
3 13 (4.73%) SQL Server
4 10 (3.64%) Adabas
4 10 (3.64%) Data Warehouse
5 8 (2.91%) MySQL
5 8 (2.91%) Oracle Database
5 8 (2.91%) PostgreSQL
6 7 (2.55%) Big Data
7 6 (2.18%) DB2 UDB
7 6 (2.18%) Relational Database
8 4 (1.45%) HBase
8 4 (1.45%) IBM InfoSphere
9 3 (1.09%) Data Lake
9 3 (1.09%) RDBMS
10 2 (0.73%) Amazon Athena
10 2 (0.73%) Oracle Database 10g
10 2 (0.73%) Parquet
10 2 (0.73%) SAS Data Integration Studio
Development Applications
1 31 (11.27%) JIRA
2 12 (4.36%) Jenkins
3 11 (4.00%) Selenium
4 9 (3.27%) Git (software)
5 7 (2.55%) JUnit
6 6 (2.18%) Cucumber
6 6 (2.18%) Eclipse
7 5 (1.82%) Postman
8 4 (1.45%) Ant
8 4 (1.45%) GitLab
8 4 (1.45%) Maven
8 4 (1.45%) REST Assured
8 4 (1.45%) SonarQube
9 3 (1.09%) Bitbucket
9 3 (1.09%) Mocha
9 3 (1.09%) Sonatype Nexus
9 3 (1.09%) TestNG
10 2 (0.73%) Gatling
10 2 (0.73%) Team Foundation Server
10 2 (0.73%) webpack
General
1 63 (22.91%) Finance
2 53 (19.27%) Banking
3 52 (18.91%) Social Skills
4 15 (5.45%) Public Sector
5 10 (3.64%) Analytical Skills
5 10 (3.64%) Retail
6 6 (2.18%) Influencing Skills
7 5 (1.82%) Presentation Skills
8 4 (1.45%) Documentation Skills
8 4 (1.45%) Retail Banking
9 3 (1.09%) Law
9 3 (1.09%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.73%) French Language
11 1 (0.36%) Automotive
11 1 (0.36%) Organisational Skills
11 1 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 33 (12.00%) Developer
2 28 (10.18%) Architect
3 21 (7.64%) Project Manager
4 19 (6.91%) Analyst
4 19 (6.91%) Programmer
5 18 (6.55%) Administrator
5 18 (6.55%) Consultant
5 18 (6.55%) DBA
6 15 (5.45%) Systems Programmer
7 12 (4.36%) Mainframe DBA
7 12 (4.36%) Solutions Architect
7 12 (4.36%) Tester
8 10 (3.64%) Mainframe Programmer
9 9 (3.27%) Mainframe Consultant
10 8 (2.91%) COBOL Developer
10 8 (2.91%) Mainframe Developer
10 8 (2.91%) Software Engineer
11 7 (2.55%) Designer
11 7 (2.55%) Mainframe Project Manager
11 7 (2.55%) Mainframe Systems Programmer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19 (6.91%) ISPF
2 15 (5.45%) Middleware
3 13 (4.73%) Kafka
4 12 (4.36%) HTML
4 12 (4.36%) XML
5 11 (4.00%) Web Services
6 7 (2.55%) JDBC
6 7 (2.55%) REST
6 7 (2.55%) SailPoint
7 6 (2.18%) LDAP
8 5 (1.82%) JSON
8 5 (1.82%) Node.js
8 5 (1.82%) SOAP
9 4 (1.45%) AngularJS
9 4 (1.45%) Java EE
9 4 (1.45%) JSP
9 4 (1.45%) ODBC
9 4 (1.45%) SAML
9 4 (1.45%) Servlets
9 4 (1.45%) WebSphere MQ
Miscellaneous
1 25 (9.09%) IBM Mainframe
2 13 (4.73%) Data Protection Act
3 11 (4.00%) VSAM
4 10 (3.64%) Legacy Systems
5 7 (2.55%) Tandem
6 6 (2.18%) Legacy Applications
7 5 (1.82%) Enterprise Software
7 5 (1.82%) Replication
8 4 (1.45%) Data Centre
8 4 (1.45%) DataPower
8 4 (1.45%) EMC VMAX
9 3 (1.09%) EFT
9 3 (1.09%) FMCG
9 3 (1.09%) iSeries
9 3 (1.09%) Linux Command Line
9 3 (1.09%) PKI
9 3 (1.09%) PMI
9 3 (1.09%) Virtual Team
10 2 (0.73%) Client/Server
10 2 (0.73%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 72 (26.18%) zOS
2 29 (10.55%) Linux
3 23 (8.36%) Unix
4 22 (8.00%) Windows
5 21 (7.64%) MVS
6 8 (2.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (1.09%) AIX
8 1 (0.36%) OS/400
Processes & Methodologies
1 65 (23.64%) Agile Software Development
2 43 (15.64%) DevOps
3 42 (15.27%) Migration
4 26 (9.45%) Software Engineering
5 25 (9.09%) Analytics
5 25 (9.09%) Project Management
5 25 (9.09%) Stakeholder Management
6 24 (8.73%) Scrum
7 22 (8.00%) Problem-Solving
7 22 (8.00%) Software Testing
7 22 (8.00%) Test Automation
8 19 (6.91%) Data Modelling
8 19 (6.91%) ITIL
9 18 (6.55%) Coaching
9 18 (6.55%) Configuration Management
10 17 (6.18%) Business Intelligence
10 17 (6.18%) Data Analytics
11 16 (5.82%) Capacity Planning
12 15 (5.45%) Disaster Recovery
12 15 (5.45%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 53 (19.27%) COBOL
2 51 (18.55%) JCL
3 37 (13.45%) REXX
4 31 (11.27%) Java
4 31 (11.27%) SQL
5 11 (4.00%) Natural
6 10 (3.64%) PowerShell
7 9 (3.27%) Assembly Language
7 9 (3.27%) JavaScript
7 9 (3.27%) Shell Script
8 8 (2.91%) Python
9 5 (1.82%) Bash Shell
9 5 (1.82%) Perl
10 4 (1.45%) BeanShell
10 4 (1.45%) Bourne shell
10 4 (1.45%) C
10 4 (1.45%) CLIST
10 4 (1.45%) Korn
11 3 (1.09%) Java 8
11 3 (1.09%) VBA
Qualifications
1 16 (5.82%) Security Cleared
2 15 (5.45%) SC Cleared
3 9 (3.27%) Degree
4 7 (2.55%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (1.82%) CISSP
5 5 (1.82%) IBM Certification
5 5 (1.82%) ITIL Certification
6 4 (1.45%) ISEB
6 4 (1.45%) ISTQB
7 3 (1.09%) GIAC
7 3 (1.09%) Master's Degree
7 3 (1.09%) PMI Certification
7 3 (1.09%) TOGAF Certification
8 2 (0.73%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.73%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.73%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 2 (0.73%) MCP
9 1 (0.36%) CISA
9 1 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.36%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (1.45%) GDPR
1 4 (1.45%) ISO 8583
2 3 (1.09%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (0.73%) QA
4 1 (0.36%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.36%) GRC
4 1 (0.36%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.36%) ISO 22301
4 1 (0.36%) SEPA
4 1 (0.36%) SLA
System Software
1 36 (13.09%) RACF
2 20 (7.27%) Job Entry Subsystem
3 17 (6.18%) Time Sharing Option
4 12 (4.36%) Active Directory
5 6 (2.18%) ACF2
6 5 (1.82%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 4 (1.45%) Docker
7 4 (1.45%) SRDF
8 3 (1.09%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (1.09%) VMware Infrastructure
9 2 (0.73%) Firmware
9 2 (0.73%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.36%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 18 (6.55%) Tivoli NetView
2 10 (3.64%) Ansible
3 6 (2.18%) Control-M
3 6 (2.18%) Tivoli
4 5 (1.82%) OMEGAMON
4 5 (1.82%) Terraform
5 4 (1.45%) Kubernetes
6 3 (1.09%) Nagios
7 2 (0.73%) Forum Sentry
7 2 (0.73%) logstash
7 2 (0.73%) Red Hat Satellite
7 2 (0.73%) SCOM
8 1 (0.36%) Active Directory Federation Services
8 1 (0.36%) CA Service Virtualization
8 1 (0.36%) Dollar Universe
8 1 (0.36%) Grafana
8 1 (0.36%) Kibana
8 1 (0.36%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (0.36%) Puppet
8 1 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 95 (34.55%) IBM
2 32 (11.64%) CA
2 32 (11.64%) Oracle
3 18 (6.55%) Broadcom
4 14 (5.09%) SAP
5 11 (4.00%) Red Hat
6 9 (3.27%) Microsoft
7 8 (2.91%) Fujitsu
8 7 (2.55%) Splunk
9 6 (2.18%) EMC
9 6 (2.18%) MuleSoft
10 5 (1.82%) Informatica
10 5 (1.82%) ServiceNow
10 5 (1.82%) StreamSets
10 5 (1.82%) Unisys
10 5 (1.82%) Workday
11 4 (1.45%) Brocade
11 4 (1.45%) Centrify
11 4 (1.45%) VMware
12 3 (1.09%) Ab Initio