Period
to 25 April 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 25 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
25 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 519 457 375
Rank change year-on-year -62 -82 +18
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 394 406 674
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.39% 0.45% 0.63%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.15% 1.32% 1.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 207 217 374
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £435
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% -2.30% +2.35%
10th Percentile £275 £313 £263
90th Percentile £600 £586 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £445 £406 £425
% change year-on-year +9.54% -4.41% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 9 9
UK median hourly rate £20.13 £30.00 £26.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -32.92% +15.38% -34.18%
10th Percentile £16.02 £21.25 £17.34
90th Percentile £45.50 £58.60 £32.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.13 £31.00 £26.00
% change year-on-year -35.08% +19.23% -34.18%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 34,295 30,679 35,638
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.94% 33.65% 33.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,535 19,896 23,168
UK median daily rate £450 £436 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.21% +2.59% +6.25%
10th Percentile £268 £260 £250
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,063 1,086 1,259
UK median hourly rate £21.90 £20.99 £21.34
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.36% -1.66% +21.94%
10th Percentile £11.52 £11.32 £11.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £48.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.22 £19.30 £21.00
% change year-on-year +9.95% -8.08% +20.00%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor daily rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 25 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 25 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 25 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -50 325 £450 +5.88% 56
UK excluding London -43 264 £445 +9.54% 49
London -27 120 £450 -10.00% 20
South East -9 72 £475 +16.56% 14
North of England -38 72 £438 +1.86% 10
Scotland -9 56 £425 +3.03% 12
North West -23 43 £400 -12.09% 6
Midlands -20 29 £373 -2.30% 7
Yorkshire -12 28 £450 +5.88%
East of England -17 21 £513 +55.30% 3
East Midlands -19 20 £413 +10.00% 5
South West +22 16 £550 +46.67% 2
West Midlands -20 9 £350 -15.15% 2
Northern Ireland - 3 £305 - 1
North East +12 2 - - 4
Wales -13 1 £475 +11.76%

For the 6 months to 25 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 145 (36.80%) Finance
2 121 (30.71%) Banking
3 114 (28.93%) IBM
4 100 (25.38%) Agile Software Development
5 91 (23.10%) Unix
6 85 (21.57%) DB2
7 76 (19.29%) SQL
8 75 (19.04%) Java
9 67 (17.01%) Windows
10 59 (14.97%) Oracle
10 59 (14.97%) Migration
11 57 (14.47%) Linux
12 47 (11.93%) IBM Mainframe
13 45 (11.42%) Problem-Solving
14 43 (10.91%) Stakeholder Management
15 42 (10.66%) Amazon AWS
15 42 (10.66%) Analytical Skills
16 41 (10.41%) JCL
17 36 (9.14%) Test Automation
18 35 (8.88%) COBOL
19 34 (8.63%) ITIL
20 33 (8.38%) DevOps
21 32 (8.12%) Project Management
21 32 (8.12%) WebSphere
22 31 (7.87%) zOS
22 31 (7.87%) XML
23 30 (7.61%) Middleware
24 29 (7.36%) Microsoft
24 29 (7.36%) SOA
25 28 (7.11%) Scrum

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (8.12%) WebSphere
2 20 (5.08%) CICS
3 10 (2.54%) Confluence
4 9 (2.28%) WebSphere Application Server
5 8 (2.03%) IIS
6 6 (1.52%) Apache
6 6 (1.52%) SharePoint
7 5 (1.27%) PowerExchange
8 4 (1.02%) BizTalk Server
8 4 (1.02%) SAS
9 3 (0.76%) Apache Spark
9 3 (0.76%) MQSeries
9 3 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 3 (0.76%) Tomcat
9 3 (0.76%) WebLogic
10 2 (0.51%) JBoss
10 2 (0.51%) Mule
10 2 (0.51%) WildFly
11 1 (0.25%) CMS
11 1 (0.25%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 16 (4.06%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (2.54%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 9 (2.28%) Microsoft Office
4 8 (2.03%) MS Visio
5 6 (1.52%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.76%) EngageOne
7 1 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 2 (0.51%) BASE24
2 1 (0.25%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 42 (10.66%) Amazon AWS
2 15 (3.81%) Microsoft Azure
3 12 (3.05%) Amazon EC2
3 12 (3.05%) Amazon S3
3 12 (3.05%) AWS Lambda
3 12 (3.05%) Serverless
4 7 (1.78%) PaaS
5 6 (1.52%) SaaS
6 5 (1.27%) BrowserStack
6 5 (1.27%) GitHub
7 4 (1.02%) Bluemix
7 4 (1.02%) IaaS
7 4 (1.02%) IBM Cloud
8 3 (0.76%) OpenShift
9 2 (0.51%) Adobe Analytics
9 2 (0.51%) npm
10 1 (0.25%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 18 (4.57%) HTTP
2 10 (2.54%) Firewall
3 8 (2.03%) LAN
3 8 (2.03%) WAN
4 7 (1.78%) Internet
5 6 (1.52%) SSL
6 5 (1.27%) FTP
6 5 (1.27%) SAN
7 4 (1.02%) DNS
8 3 (0.76%) ATM
8 3 (0.76%) Intranet
8 3 (0.76%) Unified Communications
9 2 (0.51%) BIG-IP
9 2 (0.51%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
9 2 (0.51%) Network Security
9 2 (0.51%) TCP/IP
9 2 (0.51%) Wi-Fi
10 1 (0.25%) DHCP
10 1 (0.25%) SNA
10 1 (0.25%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (21.57%) DB2
2 22 (5.58%) SQL Server
3 16 (4.06%) Data Warehouse
4 12 (3.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 11 (2.79%) Hadoop
5 11 (2.79%) Relational Database
6 10 (2.54%) Oracle Database
7 9 (2.28%) PowerCenter
8 7 (1.78%) Data Lake
9 6 (1.52%) Big Data
10 5 (1.27%) MySQL
11 4 (1.02%) MongoDB
11 4 (1.02%) NoSQL
12 3 (0.76%) DataStage
12 3 (0.76%) Parquet
12 3 (0.76%) SQL Server 2012
13 2 (0.51%) Base SAS
13 2 (0.51%) Informix
13 2 (0.51%) OLTP
13 2 (0.51%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 28 (7.11%) JIRA
2 21 (5.33%) Jenkins
3 17 (4.31%) WebDriver
4 15 (3.81%) XMLSpy
5 14 (3.55%) Selenium
6 12 (3.05%) HP UFT
7 11 (2.79%) TeamCity
8 10 (2.54%) Cucumber
8 10 (2.54%) GitLab
9 8 (2.03%) Zephyr
10 6 (1.52%) Bitbucket
10 6 (1.52%) Git (software)
10 6 (1.52%) Jasmine
11 5 (1.27%) Artifactory
11 5 (1.27%) ERwin
11 5 (1.27%) IBM UrbanCode
12 4 (1.02%) Ant
12 4 (1.02%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 4 (1.02%) CA Release Automation
12 4 (1.02%) Maven
General
1 145 (36.80%) Finance
2 121 (30.71%) Banking
3 23 (5.84%) Retail
4 15 (3.81%) Retail Banking
5 10 (2.54%) Investment Banking
6 8 (2.03%) Financial Institution
7 6 (1.52%) Private Banking
8 5 (1.27%) Billing
9 4 (1.02%) Law
9 4 (1.02%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.76%) Front Office
10 3 (0.76%) Marketing
11 2 (0.51%) Advertising
11 2 (0.51%) Games
11 2 (0.51%) Legal
11 2 (0.51%) Telecoms
12 1 (0.25%) Publishing
12 1 (0.25%) Spanish Language
12 1 (0.25%) Swedish Language
12 1 (0.25%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 87 (22.08%) Developer
2 74 (18.78%) Analyst
3 50 (12.69%) Architect
4 33 (8.38%) Project Manager
5 27 (6.85%) Solutions Architect
6 21 (5.33%) Banking Analyst
7 20 (5.08%) Test Analyst
8 19 (4.82%) Mainframe Analyst
9 17 (4.31%) Consultant
9 17 (4.31%) Support Analyst
10 14 (3.55%) Infrastructure Manager
10 14 (3.55%) Systems Analyst
11 13 (3.30%) DBA
11 13 (3.30%) Tester
11 13 (3.30%) webMethods Developer
12 12 (3.05%) DB2 DBA
12 12 (3.05%) Infrastructure Project Manager
12 12 (3.05%) Mainframe Developer
13 10 (2.54%) Designer
13 10 (2.54%) Mainframe Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 31 (7.87%) XML
2 30 (7.61%) Middleware
3 26 (6.60%) REST
4 23 (5.84%) SOAP
5 22 (5.58%) Web Services
6 20 (5.08%) .NET
7 19 (4.82%) Node.js
8 18 (4.57%) JMS
8 18 (4.57%) WSDL
8 18 (4.57%) XSD
9 17 (4.31%) ISPF
10 14 (3.55%) AngularJS
10 14 (3.55%) JDBC
11 12 (3.05%) OAuth
11 12 (3.05%) SAML
12 10 (2.54%) OAuth2
13 9 (2.28%) J2EE
13 9 (2.28%) LDAP
14 8 (2.03%) WebSphere MQ
15 7 (1.78%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 47 (11.93%) IBM Mainframe
2 42 (10.66%) Analytical Skills
3 24 (6.09%) Data Centre
4 17 (4.31%) Management Information System
5 13 (3.30%) VSAM
6 11 (2.79%) Client/Server
7 10 (2.54%) AS400
7 10 (2.54%) Enterprise Software
8 8 (2.03%) DataPower
9 7 (1.78%) Self-Motivation
10 6 (1.52%) iSeries
11 5 (1.27%) Robotics
11 5 (1.27%) Tandem
12 4 (1.02%) Data Structures
13 3 (0.76%) CMDB
13 3 (0.76%) Greenfield Project
13 3 (0.76%) Hedge funds
13 3 (0.76%) Mobile App
13 3 (0.76%) Private Cloud
14 2 (0.51%) Computer Science
Operating Systems
1 91 (23.10%) Unix
2 67 (17.01%) Windows
3 57 (14.47%) Linux
4 31 (7.87%) zOS
5 25 (6.35%) AIX
6 14 (3.55%) Solaris
7 10 (2.54%) MVS
8 9 (2.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 9 (2.28%) Windows Server
9 8 (2.03%) HPUX
10 6 (1.52%) CentOS
10 6 (1.52%) NetWare
11 4 (1.02%) VME
12 3 (0.76%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.51%) Windows Server 2003
14 1 (0.25%) Android
14 1 (0.25%) OS/2
14 1 (0.25%) OS/390
14 1 (0.25%) VMS
14 1 (0.25%) Windows NT
Processes & Methodologies
1 100 (25.38%) Agile Software Development
2 59 (14.97%) Migration
3 45 (11.42%) Problem-Solving
4 43 (10.91%) Stakeholder Management
5 36 (9.14%) Test Automation
6 34 (8.63%) ITIL
7 33 (8.38%) DevOps
8 32 (8.12%) Project Management
9 29 (7.36%) SOA
10 28 (7.11%) Scrum
11 23 (5.84%) ETL
11 23 (5.84%) Test Scripting
12 22 (5.58%) Change Management
12 22 (5.58%) Microservices
12 22 (5.58%) Unit Testing
13 19 (4.82%) Disaster Recovery
13 19 (4.82%) System Integration Testing
14 18 (4.57%) Data Migration
15 16 (4.06%) Identity Access Management
16 15 (3.81%) Service Delivery
Programming Languages
1 76 (19.29%) SQL
2 75 (19.04%) Java
3 41 (10.41%) JCL
4 35 (8.88%) COBOL
5 18 (4.57%) JavaScript
6 11 (2.79%) C#
7 10 (2.54%) REXX
7 10 (2.54%) Shell Script
8 8 (2.03%) Perl
8 8 (2.03%) Python
9 7 (1.78%) C++
9 7 (1.78%) PL/SQL
10 6 (1.52%) PL/1
11 5 (1.27%) C
11 5 (1.27%) TypeScript
12 4 (1.02%) PowerShell
12 4 (1.02%) VBA
13 3 (0.76%) PHP
13 3 (0.76%) VC++
13 3 (0.76%) XPath
Qualifications
1 16 (4.06%) Security Cleared
2 14 (3.55%) ISTQB
3 12 (3.05%) SC Cleared
4 11 (2.79%) Degree
5 7 (1.78%) ITIL Certification
5 7 (1.78%) PMI Certification
6 6 (1.52%) PMP
7 5 (1.27%) ISEB
7 5 (1.27%) PRINCE2 Certification
8 4 (1.02%) CISMP
8 4 (1.02%) CISSP
9 3 (0.76%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (0.76%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 2 (0.51%) MBA
11 1 (0.25%) CCNA
11 1 (0.25%) CCNP
11 1 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.25%) Citrix Certification
11 1 (0.25%) MCSE
11 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (5.08%) QA
2 15 (3.81%) SLA
3 11 (2.79%) Data Quality
4 10 (2.54%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 5 (1.27%) PMO
6 3 (0.76%) ISO 22301
7 2 (0.51%) GDPR
8 1 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.25%) GCP
8 1 (0.25%) ISO 8583
8 1 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.25%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 19 (4.82%) Time Sharing Option
2 11 (2.79%) Docker
3 7 (1.78%) PowerHA
4 6 (1.52%) Active Directory
4 6 (1.52%) RACF
5 4 (1.02%) Job Entry Subsystem
6 3 (0.76%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
6 3 (0.76%) Virtual Desktop
7 2 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 7 (1.78%) Tivoli
2 6 (1.52%) Control-M
2 6 (1.52%) Puppet
3 5 (1.27%) Ansible
3 5 (1.27%) CA Endevor
3 5 (1.27%) HP Quality Center
3 5 (1.27%) Opscode Chef
4 4 (1.02%) Automic
4 4 (1.02%) Kubernetes
4 4 (1.02%) OMEGAMON
5 3 (0.76%) BMC PATROL
5 3 (0.76%) MAINVIEW
5 3 (0.76%) MOM
6 2 (0.51%) HP ALM
6 2 (0.51%) NetBackup
6 2 (0.51%) Single Sign-On
6 2 (0.51%) Terraform
6 2 (0.51%) Tivoli NetView
6 2 (0.51%) Tivoli Storage Manager
7 1 (0.25%) AirWatch
Vendors
1 114 (28.93%) IBM
2 59 (14.97%) Oracle
3 29 (7.36%) Microsoft
4 15 (3.81%) MuleSoft
4 15 (3.81%) SAP
5 14 (3.55%) Software AG
5 14 (3.55%) webMethods
6 13 (3.30%) Citrix
7 12 (3.05%) BMC
8 11 (2.79%) HP
9 10 (2.54%) Informatica
10 9 (2.28%) Red Hat
11 8 (2.03%) Remedy
11 8 (2.03%) ServiceNow
11 8 (2.03%) Teradata
12 7 (1.78%) Blue Prism
12 7 (1.78%) CA
12 7 (1.78%) CyberArk
13 6 (1.52%) Automation Anywhere
14 4 (1.02%) Unisys