Period
to 25 August 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 25 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
25 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 603 541 549
Rank change year-on-year -62 +8 -243
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 239 406 339
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.27% 0.39% 0.35%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.83% 1.21% 1.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 136 206 150
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - -5.56%
10th Percentile £288 £276 £275
90th Percentile £619 £650 £589
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £401 £413
% change year-on-year +6.12% -2.91% -6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 9 9
UK median hourly rate £37.50 £17.50 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +114.29% -41.67% -6.25%
10th Percentile £21.25 £16.00 £18.25
90th Percentile £44.89 £23.00 £32.05
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £17.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +114.29% -41.67% -6.25%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 28,890 33,449 31,882
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.27% 32.50% 32.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,578 21,461 20,621
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £275 £275 £263
90th Percentile £675 £651 £644
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,035 1,066 1,003
UK median hourly rate £21.42 £21.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.98% +5.00% -3.75%
10th Percentile £11.65 £12.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.05 £49.44
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £19.30
% change year-on-year - +3.65% -7.37%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor daily rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 25 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 25 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 25 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -58 208 £438 +2.94% 25
UK excluding London -58 187 £425 +6.12% 21
South East +16 59 £350 -25.53% 6
North of England +6 47 £425 +13.33% 7
London +9 43 £550 +11.39% 6
North West +16 26 £381 -7.63% 5
East of England +14 25 £513 +9.04% 1
Scotland +15 21 £450 +5.88% 2
Yorkshire +12 16 £450 +33.33% 1
Midlands 0 16 £388 +14.29% 2
East Midlands +3 13 £388 +7.64% 2
South West -35 13 £500 +40.35% 3
Wales +15 5 £570 -0.87%
North East +15 5 £400 +35.59% 1
West Midlands +9 3 £413 +34.69%
Northern Ireland - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 25 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 77 (32.22%) Finance
2 58 (24.27%) IBM
3 57 (23.85%) Windows
4 54 (22.59%) Agile Software Development
5 53 (22.18%) Oracle
6 48 (20.08%) SQL
6 48 (20.08%) Unix
7 47 (19.67%) Linux
7 47 (19.67%) Java
8 46 (19.25%) Banking
9 43 (17.99%) DB2
10 40 (16.74%) Migration
11 36 (15.06%) Middleware
12 35 (14.64%) AWS
13 32 (13.39%) COBOL
14 31 (12.97%) Problem-Solving
15 29 (12.13%) ITIL
16 27 (11.30%) DevOps
17 26 (10.88%) Azure
18 25 (10.46%) Stakeholder Management
19 23 (9.62%) Disaster Recovery
19 23 (9.62%) SQL Server
19 23 (9.62%) Microsoft
20 22 (9.21%) Active Directory
20 22 (9.21%) Web Services
21 21 (8.79%) IBM Mainframe
21 21 (8.79%) Data Centre
22 20 (8.37%) zOS
22 20 (8.37%) JCL
23 19 (7.95%) CICS

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (7.95%) CICS
2 8 (3.35%) WebLogic
3 7 (2.93%) SAS
3 7 (2.93%) Tomcat
4 5 (2.09%) Confluence
4 5 (2.09%) WebSphere
5 4 (1.67%) Cloud Foundry
6 3 (1.26%) GlassFish
6 3 (1.26%) MQSeries
6 3 (1.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 3 (1.26%) SharePoint
7 2 (0.84%) Apache Spark
7 2 (0.84%) WebSphere Application Server
8 1 (0.42%) Apache Solr
8 1 (0.42%) Drupal
8 1 (0.42%) IBM Transformation Extender
8 1 (0.42%) MS Exchange
8 1 (0.42%) OpenStack
Applications
1 15 (6.28%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (5.44%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (1.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (1.26%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.84%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.42%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.42%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 3 (1.26%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 35 (14.64%) AWS
2 26 (10.88%) Azure
3 7 (2.93%) OpenShift
4 5 (2.09%) Cloud Computing
4 5 (2.09%) GCP
5 4 (1.67%) Office 365
6 2 (0.84%) Amazon S3
6 2 (0.84%) SaaS
7 1 (0.42%) GitHub
7 1 (0.42%) IBM Cloud
7 1 (0.42%) PaaS
7 1 (0.42%) SoftLayer
Communications & Networking
1 15 (6.28%) LAN
2 11 (4.60%) WAN
3 9 (3.77%) HTTPS
3 9 (3.77%) SSL
4 8 (3.35%) DMZ
5 4 (1.67%) Firewall
6 3 (1.26%) ATM
6 3 (1.26%) TCP/IP
7 2 (0.84%) Internet
7 2 (0.84%) NAS
7 2 (0.84%) SAN
8 1 (0.42%) DWDM
8 1 (0.42%) Ethernet
8 1 (0.42%) Intrusion Detection
8 1 (0.42%) IP Telephony
8 1 (0.42%) MPLS
8 1 (0.42%) SMS
8 1 (0.42%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (17.99%) DB2
2 23 (9.62%) SQL Server
3 17 (7.11%) Oracle Database
4 10 (4.18%) Relational Database
5 9 (3.77%) MySQL
6 8 (3.35%) GIS
7 7 (2.93%) DB2 UDB
7 7 (2.93%) PostgreSQL
7 7 (2.93%) RDBMS
8 6 (2.51%) Hadoop
8 6 (2.51%) MariaDB
8 6 (2.51%) Oracle Reports
9 4 (1.67%) MS Access
9 4 (1.67%) Sqoop
10 3 (1.26%) Adabas
10 3 (1.26%) Big Data
10 3 (1.26%) Data Warehouse
11 2 (0.84%) Data Lake
11 2 (0.84%) HBase
11 2 (0.84%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 13 (5.44%) Jenkins
2 11 (4.60%) Git (software)
2 11 (4.60%) JIRA
2 11 (4.60%) Selenium
3 9 (3.77%) JUnit
4 7 (2.93%) Eclipse
5 6 (2.51%) Ant
6 4 (1.67%) Spinnaker
7 3 (1.26%) GitLab
7 3 (1.26%) Maven
7 3 (1.26%) Team Foundation Server
8 2 (0.84%) Appium
8 2 (0.84%) Gradle
8 2 (0.84%) HP UFT
8 2 (0.84%) IntelliJ
8 2 (0.84%) ProC
8 2 (0.84%) SoapUI
8 2 (0.84%) Subversion
8 2 (0.84%) TestNG
8 2 (0.84%) Zephyr
General
1 77 (32.22%) Finance
2 46 (19.25%) Banking
3 14 (5.86%) Retail
4 6 (2.51%) Retail Banking
5 5 (2.09%) Public Sector
6 3 (1.26%) Investment Banking
7 2 (0.84%) Financial Institution
7 2 (0.84%) Law
7 2 (0.84%) Legal
7 2 (0.84%) Police
8 1 (0.42%) Automotive
8 1 (0.42%) Back Office
8 1 (0.42%) Front Office
8 1 (0.42%) Italian Language
8 1 (0.42%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.42%) Marketing
8 1 (0.42%) Prime Brokerage
8 1 (0.42%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 45 (18.83%) Architect
2 36 (15.06%) Developer
3 35 (14.64%) Analyst
4 17 (7.11%) Solutions Architect
5 16 (6.69%) Administrator
6 15 (6.28%) Consultant
7 14 (5.86%) Data Architect
7 14 (5.86%) Infrastructure Architect
8 13 (5.44%) Mainframe Developer
9 10 (4.18%) Data Centre Architect
10 9 (3.77%) Technical Architect
11 8 (3.35%) COBOL Developer
11 8 (3.35%) Programmer
12 7 (2.93%) Mainframe Programmer
12 7 (2.93%) Mainframe Specialist
12 7 (2.93%) Mainframe Systems Programmer
12 7 (2.93%) Systems Programmer
13 6 (2.51%) Tester
14 5 (2.09%) Business Analyst
14 5 (2.09%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (15.06%) Middleware
2 22 (9.21%) Web Services
3 14 (5.86%) AngularJS
4 12 (5.02%) .NET
4 12 (5.02%) LDAP
4 12 (5.02%) SOAP
5 9 (3.77%) HTML
6 8 (3.35%) SailPoint
6 8 (3.35%) XML
7 6 (2.51%) JSP
7 6 (2.51%) Node.js
7 6 (2.51%) RESTful
7 6 (2.51%) Servlets
8 5 (2.09%) CSS
8 5 (2.09%) Electron Framework
8 5 (2.09%) ISPF
9 4 (1.67%) ASP.NET Core
9 4 (1.67%) React
9 4 (1.67%) Spring Boot
9 4 (1.67%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 21 (8.79%) Data Centre
1 21 (8.79%) IBM Mainframe
2 18 (7.53%) Analytical Skills
3 14 (5.86%) Client/Server
4 13 (5.44%) Management Information System
5 12 (5.02%) iSeries
6 9 (3.77%) Clustering
6 9 (3.77%) VSAM
7 8 (3.35%) AS400
7 8 (3.35%) Enterprise Storage
8 6 (2.51%) Data Structures
8 6 (2.51%) Linux Command Line
8 6 (2.51%) Public Cloud
9 5 (2.09%) FMCG
9 5 (2.09%) Self-Motivation
10 4 (1.67%) Enterprise Software
10 4 (1.67%) HACMP
10 4 (1.67%) Online Banking
11 3 (1.26%) Greenfield Project
12 2 (0.84%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 57 (23.85%) Windows
2 48 (20.08%) Unix
3 47 (19.67%) Linux
4 20 (8.37%) zOS
5 15 (6.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (3.35%) Windows Server
7 7 (2.93%) MVS
8 5 (2.09%) AIX
8 5 (2.09%) VME
9 2 (0.84%) Apple iOS
9 2 (0.84%) OS/2
10 1 (0.42%) Android
10 1 (0.42%) HPUX
10 1 (0.42%) Solaris
10 1 (0.42%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 54 (22.59%) Agile Software Development
2 40 (16.74%) Migration
3 31 (12.97%) Problem-Solving
4 29 (12.13%) ITIL
5 27 (11.30%) DevOps
6 25 (10.46%) Stakeholder Management
7 23 (9.62%) Disaster Recovery
8 16 (6.69%) Enterprise Architecture
8 16 (6.69%) Project Delivery
8 16 (6.69%) Test Automation
9 15 (6.28%) Unit Testing
10 13 (5.44%) Service Design
11 12 (5.02%) Matrix Organization
11 12 (5.02%) Project Management
11 12 (5.02%) Test Scripting
12 11 (4.60%) Change Management
12 11 (4.60%) Scrum
13 10 (4.18%) Software Engineering
13 10 (4.18%) TOGAF
14 9 (3.77%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 48 (20.08%) SQL
2 47 (19.67%) Java
3 32 (13.39%) COBOL
4 20 (8.37%) JCL
5 13 (5.44%) C
6 12 (5.02%) JavaScript
7 11 (4.60%) Python
8 8 (3.35%) Assembly Language
9 7 (2.93%) C#
10 6 (2.51%) BeanShell
10 6 (2.51%) Bourne shell
10 6 (2.51%) Korn
10 6 (2.51%) Perl
10 6 (2.51%) PHP
10 6 (2.51%) PowerShell
11 5 (2.09%) Go
11 5 (2.09%) REXX
11 5 (2.09%) Ruby
11 5 (2.09%) VB
12 4 (1.67%) PL/1
Qualifications
1 9 (3.77%) ITIL Certification
2 8 (3.35%) CISSP
2 8 (3.35%) Security Cleared
3 6 (2.51%) SC Cleared
4 5 (2.09%) CISA
5 4 (1.67%) ISACA
6 3 (1.26%) Degree
7 2 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.84%) ISEB
7 2 (0.84%) TOGAF Certification
8 1 (0.42%) CISM
8 1 (0.42%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.42%) HND
8 1 (0.42%) ISEB Practitioner
8 1 (0.42%) ISSAP
8 1 (0.42%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.42%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (2.93%) QA
2 4 (1.67%) ITGC
2 4 (1.67%) Sarbanes-Oxley
2 4 (1.67%) SLA
3 2 (0.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.42%) COBIT
4 1 (0.42%) COSO
4 1 (0.42%) NIST
4 1 (0.42%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 22 (9.21%) Active Directory
2 18 (7.53%) RACF
3 11 (4.60%) Time Sharing Option
4 7 (2.93%) Docker
5 3 (1.26%) ACF2
5 3 (1.26%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.84%) Job Entry Subsystem
7 1 (0.42%) Firmware
7 1 (0.42%) HDFS
7 1 (0.42%) Oracle RAC
7 1 (0.42%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 1 (0.42%) VMware NSX
7 1 (0.42%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 11 (4.60%) Tivoli
2 9 (3.77%) Control-M
3 8 (3.35%) Ansible
4 6 (2.51%) Opscode Chef
4 6 (2.51%) Puppet
5 5 (2.09%) CA Endevor
6 4 (1.67%) OMEGAMON
6 4 (1.67%) zSecure
7 3 (1.26%) Tivoli NetView
8 2 (0.84%) HP ALM
8 2 (0.84%) MAINVIEW
8 2 (0.84%) Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.42%) BMC PATROL
9 1 (0.42%) Failover Clustering
9 1 (0.42%) Icinga
9 1 (0.42%) NetBackup
9 1 (0.42%) SCOM
9 1 (0.42%) Terraform
9 1 (0.42%) Tivoli Monitoring
9 1 (0.42%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 58 (24.27%) IBM
2 53 (22.18%) Oracle
3 23 (9.62%) Microsoft
4 14 (5.86%) VMware
5 13 (5.44%) EMC
5 13 (5.44%) NetApp
6 11 (4.60%) Red Hat
6 11 (4.60%) Remedy
7 8 (3.35%) CA
7 8 (3.35%) Salesforce.com
7 8 (3.35%) Teradata
8 7 (2.93%) ServiceNow
9 6 (2.51%) CyberArk
10 5 (2.09%) Cisco
10 5 (2.09%) Google
10 5 (2.09%) Micro Focus
11 4 (1.67%) SAP
11 4 (1.67%) TOWER Software
12 3 (1.26%) BMC
12 3 (1.26%) ICL