Period
to 18 November 2017

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 601 335 304
Rank change year-on-year -266 -31 +29
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 300 776 912
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.29% 0.73% 0.79%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.87% 2.22% 2.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 161 448 440
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £449
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +0.33% +6.79%
10th Percentile £275 £260 £310
90th Percentile £600 £538 £589
UK excluding London median daily rate £445 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +1.14% +3.53% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 24 15
UK median hourly rate £27.50 £32.40 £26.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.12% +23.43% -0.94%
10th Percentile £15.65 £16.25 £21.25
90th Percentile £31.55 £46.53 £38.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.50 £32.40 £26.13
% change year-on-year -15.12% +24.02% -8.33%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 34307 34966 37326
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.60% 33.09% 32.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 22763 22959 23716
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £263 £250 £240
90th Percentile £650 £625 £618
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £390 £375
% change year-on-year +2.56% +4.00% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1004 1201 1466
UK median hourly rate £20.92 £21.00 £19.46
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.37% +7.91% +8.11%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.72 £11.25
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.50 £47.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.06 £21.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -4.48% +10.53% +8.57%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor daily rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -244 244 £450 - 22
UK excluding London -182 219 £445 +1.14% 19
North of England -66 74 £444 +0.85% 7
London -58 72 £450 -5.26% 6
Scotland -20 55 £425 -10.53% 3
North West -38 53 £425 -10.53% 4
South East -37 44 £475 +5.56% 5
South West +3 21 £550 +73.23% 3
Midlands -61 16 £450 -5.26%
Yorkshire -21 15 £471 +4.72% 3
East of England -74 14 £290 +6.81% 1
East Midlands -30 12 £461 +12.50%
North East +9 6 £310 -17.94%
West Midlands -13 3 £450 -5.26%
Northern Ireland - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 106 (35.33%) Finance
2 100 (33.33%) IBM
3 86 (28.67%) DB2
4 81 (27.00%) Banking
5 76 (25.33%) Unix
6 59 (19.67%) SQL
7 57 (19.00%) Agile Software Development
8 56 (18.67%) Windows
9 54 (18.00%) Linux
10 49 (16.33%) CICS
11 47 (15.67%) JCL
12 43 (14.33%) IBM Mainframe
13 42 (14.00%) Middleware
13 42 (14.00%) Java
14 39 (13.00%) Oracle
15 37 (12.33%) zOS
16 35 (11.67%) Firewall
17 32 (10.67%) Migration
17 32 (10.67%) COBOL
18 29 (9.67%) ISPF
18 29 (9.67%) Time Sharing Option
19 26 (8.67%) SSL
20 24 (8.00%) Stakeholder Management
20 24 (8.00%) REXX
20 24 (8.00%) Microsoft Office
21 23 (7.67%) DevOps
22 22 (7.33%) Analytical Skills
22 22 (7.33%) WebSphere
22 22 (7.33%) SSH
23 21 (7.00%) Project Management

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (16.33%) CICS
2 22 (7.33%) WebSphere
3 21 (7.00%) SAS
4 16 (5.33%) MQSeries
5 15 (5.00%) Tomcat
6 11 (3.67%) Apache
6 11 (3.67%) IIS
7 7 (2.33%) WebSphere Application Server
8 6 (2.00%) Apache Pig
9 5 (1.67%) JBoss
10 2 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.67%) OpenStack
10 2 (0.67%) Oracle Application Server
10 2 (0.67%) SharePoint
10 2 (0.67%) WebLogic
11 1 (0.33%) BizTalk Server
11 1 (0.33%) IBM Notes
11 1 (0.33%) MS Exchange
11 1 (0.33%) WildFly
Applications
1 24 (8.00%) Microsoft Office
2 20 (6.67%) Microsoft Excel
3 16 (5.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (2.00%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (0.33%) Maximo
1 1 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 13 (4.33%) Microsoft Azure
2 12 (4.00%) Amazon AWS
3 9 (3.00%) Adobe Analytics
4 5 (1.67%) Bluemix
4 5 (1.67%) GitHub
4 5 (1.67%) IBM Cloud
5 3 (1.00%) PaaS
6 1 (0.33%) Azure Machine Learning
6 1 (0.33%) IaaS
6 1 (0.33%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 35 (11.67%) Firewall
2 26 (8.67%) SSL
3 22 (7.33%) SSH
4 15 (5.00%) Kerberos
5 10 (3.33%) BIG-IP
5 10 (3.33%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
5 10 (3.33%) LDAP
6 9 (3.00%) Network Security
7 6 (2.00%) DNS
7 6 (2.00%) FTP
7 6 (2.00%) HTTP
7 6 (2.00%) SNMP
7 6 (2.00%) Structured Cabling
7 6 (2.00%) WAN
8 5 (1.67%) LAN
8 5 (1.67%) SAN
9 4 (1.33%) Internet
9 4 (1.33%) MPLS
9 4 (1.33%) NAS
10 3 (1.00%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 86 (28.67%) DB2
2 11 (3.67%) SQL Server
3 8 (2.67%) Adabas
3 8 (2.67%) Big Data
4 4 (1.33%) MS Access
4 4 (1.33%) OLTP
5 3 (1.00%) MySQL
5 3 (1.00%) SAS EBI
6 2 (0.67%) Hadoop
6 2 (0.67%) Oracle Database
6 2 (0.67%) Relational Database
7 1 (0.33%) Apache Cassandra
7 1 (0.33%) Base SAS
7 1 (0.33%) IMS/DB
7 1 (0.33%) Microsoft Analysis Services
7 1 (0.33%) Oracle OLAP
7 1 (0.33%) QlikView
7 1 (0.33%) SAS Enterprise Guide
7 1 (0.33%) SQL Server 2008
7 1 (0.33%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 16 (5.33%) JIRA
2 15 (5.00%) TeamCity
3 14 (4.67%) Bitbucket
4 11 (3.67%) webpack
5 9 (3.00%) Artifactory
6 8 (2.67%) Eclipse
6 8 (2.67%) HP UFT
7 6 (2.00%) Jenkins
8 5 (1.67%) Ant
8 5 (1.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 5 (1.67%) Gradle
8 5 (1.67%) Maven
9 3 (1.00%) Selenium
9 3 (1.00%) Toad
9 3 (1.00%) WebDriver
10 2 (0.67%) ERwin
11 1 (0.33%) Gerrit
11 1 (0.33%) Git (software)
11 1 (0.33%) Introscope
11 1 (0.33%) SoapUI
General
1 106 (35.33%) Finance
2 81 (27.00%) Banking
3 15 (5.00%) Retail Banking
4 12 (4.00%) Law
5 10 (3.33%) Retail
6 3 (1.00%) Manufacturing
6 3 (1.00%) Retail Finance
7 2 (0.67%) Legal
7 2 (0.67%) Local Government
7 2 (0.67%) Private Banking
7 2 (0.67%) Telecoms
8 1 (0.33%) Automotive
8 1 (0.33%) Back Office
8 1 (0.33%) Billing
8 1 (0.33%) Danish Language
8 1 (0.33%) Dutch Language
8 1 (0.33%) Front Office
8 1 (0.33%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.33%) Marketing
8 1 (0.33%) Swedish Language
Job Titles
1 54 (18.00%) Analyst
2 36 (12.00%) Consultant
3 30 (10.00%) Developer
4 25 (8.33%) Architect
5 22 (7.33%) Project Manager
6 21 (7.00%) DBA
7 19 (6.33%) Mainframe Analyst
7 19 (6.33%) Test Analyst
8 18 (6.00%) DB2 DBA
9 16 (5.33%) Administrator
10 13 (4.33%) Banking Analyst
10 13 (4.33%) Mainframe Test Analyst
10 13 (4.33%) Security Consultant
11 10 (3.33%) Infrastructure Architect
11 10 (3.33%) Programmer
12 9 (3.00%) DevOps Engineer
12 9 (3.00%) Mainframe Programmer
12 9 (3.00%) Tester
13 8 (2.67%) DB2 Administrator
13 8 (2.67%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (14.00%) Middleware
2 29 (9.67%) ISPF
3 21 (7.00%) Web Services
4 13 (4.33%) React
4 13 (4.33%) Spring
5 12 (4.00%) .NET
6 11 (3.67%) Node.js
7 10 (3.33%) Hibernate
7 10 (3.33%) JSON
7 10 (3.33%) Spring Boot
8 8 (2.67%) J2EE
8 8 (2.67%) REST
8 8 (2.67%) Struts
9 7 (2.33%) Kafka
9 7 (2.33%) XML
10 6 (2.00%) AngularJS
11 4 (1.33%) .NET Framework
11 4 (1.33%) SOAP
12 3 (1.00%) HTML
12 3 (1.00%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 43 (14.33%) IBM Mainframe
2 22 (7.33%) Analytical Skills
3 20 (6.67%) PKI
4 18 (6.00%) Data Centre
5 13 (4.33%) DataPower
6 10 (3.33%) Enterprise Software
7 9 (3.00%) iSeries
8 8 (2.67%) AS400
9 7 (2.33%) Management Information System
9 7 (2.33%) Replication
10 6 (2.00%) Client/Server
11 5 (1.67%) Virtual Team
11 5 (1.67%) VSAM
12 2 (0.67%) CESG
12 2 (0.67%) Clustering
12 2 (0.67%) RIA
12 2 (0.67%) Tandem
13 1 (0.33%) CMDB
13 1 (0.33%) PMI
13 1 (0.33%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 76 (25.33%) Unix
2 56 (18.67%) Windows
3 54 (18.00%) Linux
4 37 (12.33%) zOS
5 15 (5.00%) AIX
6 12 (4.00%) Windows Server
7 8 (2.67%) MVS
8 6 (2.00%) Solaris
9 4 (1.33%) HPUX
9 4 (1.33%) NetWare
9 4 (1.33%) OS/390
10 2 (0.67%) Data ONTAP
10 2 (0.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 1 (0.33%) OS/2
11 1 (0.33%) Windows NT
11 1 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 57 (19.00%) Agile Software Development
2 32 (10.67%) Migration
3 24 (8.00%) Stakeholder Management
4 23 (7.67%) DevOps
5 21 (7.00%) Project Management
6 18 (6.00%) Information Security
6 18 (6.00%) Microservices
7 17 (5.67%) ITIL
7 17 (5.67%) Project Planning
7 17 (5.67%) Security Management
8 16 (5.33%) Release Management
8 16 (5.33%) Time Management
9 14 (4.67%) People Management
10 13 (4.33%) Disaster Recovery
10 13 (4.33%) Load Balancing
10 13 (4.33%) Scrum
10 13 (4.33%) Test Automation
11 12 (4.00%) Change Management
11 12 (4.00%) Data Modelling
12 11 (3.67%) Service Delivery
Programming Languages
1 59 (19.67%) SQL
2 47 (15.67%) JCL
3 42 (14.00%) Java
4 32 (10.67%) COBOL
5 24 (8.00%) REXX
6 20 (6.67%) Assembly Language
6 20 (6.67%) Shell Script
7 18 (6.00%) Perl
8 15 (5.00%) CLIST
9 12 (4.00%) Python
10 8 (2.67%) JavaScript
11 6 (2.00%) Bash Shell
12 5 (1.67%) C++
12 5 (1.67%) NATURAL
13 4 (1.33%) C
13 4 (1.33%) C#
13 4 (1.33%) VB
14 2 (0.67%) PL/SQL
14 2 (0.67%) R
14 2 (0.67%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 15 (5.00%) Degree
2 13 (4.33%) Security Cleared
3 12 (4.00%) SC Cleared
4 9 (3.00%) CISSP
5 7 (2.33%) CISA
6 6 (2.00%) ISTQB
7 5 (1.67%) CISM
7 5 (1.67%) ITIL Certification
8 4 (1.33%) ISEB
9 3 (1.00%) CRISC
9 3 (1.00%) PMI Certification
10 2 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.67%) CEH
10 2 (0.67%) PMP
11 1 (0.33%) CCNP
11 1 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.33%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (3.67%) QA
2 4 (1.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 2 (0.67%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.67%) GDPR
4 1 (0.33%) COBIT
4 1 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.33%) ISO 8583
4 1 (0.33%) PMO
4 1 (0.33%) SLA
4 1 (0.33%) Solvency II
System Software
1 29 (9.67%) Time Sharing Option
2 20 (6.67%) RACF
3 19 (6.33%) Active Directory
4 15 (5.00%) Job Entry Subsystem
5 13 (4.33%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (2.00%) Apache Flume
7 5 (1.67%) Docker
8 4 (1.33%) Virtual Desktop
9 3 (1.00%) VMware Infrastructure
10 2 (0.67%) Tivoli Directory Server
11 1 (0.33%) GridGain
11 1 (0.33%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 19 (6.33%) zSecure
2 8 (2.67%) Tivoli
3 6 (2.00%) Ansible
4 5 (1.67%) Kubernetes
4 5 (1.67%) Opscode Chef
4 5 (1.67%) Puppet
4 5 (1.67%) Tivoli Storage Manager
5 3 (1.00%) CA Endevor
5 3 (1.00%) HP Quality Center
6 2 (0.67%) MAINVIEW
6 2 (0.67%) MOM
6 2 (0.67%) NetBackup
6 2 (0.67%) PowerBroker
6 2 (0.67%) Tivoli Identity Manager
7 1 (0.33%) BMC PATROL
7 1 (0.33%) CA Wily
7 1 (0.33%) OMEGAMON
7 1 (0.33%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 1 (0.33%) Tivoli NetView
7 1 (0.33%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 100 (33.33%) IBM
2 39 (13.00%) Oracle
3 18 (6.00%) CA
4 17 (5.67%) Microsoft
4 17 (5.67%) Sybase
5 12 (4.00%) F5
6 9 (3.00%) Adobe
6 9 (3.00%) Green Hat
7 8 (2.67%) VMware
8 7 (2.33%) SAP
9 6 (2.00%) CyberArk
9 6 (2.00%) IBM Sterling
9 6 (2.00%) ServiceNow
9 6 (2.00%) Splunk
10 5 (1.67%) Ab Initio
10 5 (1.67%) Citrix
10 5 (1.67%) HP
10 5 (1.67%) Red Hat
11 4 (1.33%) Remedy
11 4 (1.33%) Unisys