Period
to 20 January 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 20 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
20 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 543 397 307
Rank change year-on-year -146 -90 +80
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 341 541 821
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.34% 0.56% 0.76%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.02% 1.71% 2.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 192 304 412
UK median daily rate £450 £440 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.27% -2.22% +5.88%
10th Percentile £275 £270 £311
90th Percentile £599 £575 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £420 £435
% change year-on-year +7.14% -3.45% +2.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 15 15
UK median hourly rate £17.81 £45.00 £26.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -60.43% +71.43% +1.94%
10th Percentile £13.99 £16.25 £21.25
90th Percentile £25.94 £53.65 £38.05
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.81 £40.57 £26.13
% change year-on-year -56.11% +55.29% -24.82%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 33,303 31,637 35,368
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.50% 32.67% 32.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,301 20,633 22,554
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £263 £251 £238
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £394 £375
% change year-on-year +1.65% +4.93% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 941 1,115 1,415
UK median hourly rate £21.79 £20.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.29% +2.50% +14.29%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.32 £11.25
90th Percentile £49.50 £47.50 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +7.50% - +14.29%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor daily rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 20 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -167 276 £450 +2.86% 55
UK excluding London -115 233 £450 +7.14% 57
London -28 100 £439 -12.25% 11
North of England -34 74 £450 +2.27% 15
Scotland -1 58 £413 -13.16% 12
South East -44 51 £455 +7.69% 13
North West -2 46 £433 -8.95% 11
Yorkshire -14 24 £450 - 3
South West +10 23 £550 +62.96% 7
Midlands -65 16 £399 -4.78% 7
East of England -47 13 £349 +7.31% 2
East Midlands -46 9 £423 +5.30% 3
West Midlands -2 6 £375 -21.05% 4
North East +11 5 - - 1
Northern Ireland - 3 £305 -

For the 6 months to 20 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 114 (33.43%) Finance
2 105 (30.79%) IBM
3 104 (30.50%) Banking
4 81 (23.75%) DB2
5 79 (23.17%) Agile Software Development
6 74 (21.70%) Java
7 71 (20.82%) Unix
8 64 (18.77%) SQL
9 57 (16.72%) Windows
10 55 (16.13%) Linux
11 49 (14.37%) JCL
12 45 (13.20%) Oracle
13 43 (12.61%) Migration
14 39 (11.44%) Middleware
15 37 (10.85%) DevOps
16 36 (10.56%) CICS
17 35 (10.26%) IBM Mainframe
18 31 (9.09%) Amazon AWS
18 31 (9.09%) COBOL
19 30 (8.80%) Analytical Skills
20 29 (8.50%) Stakeholder Management
21 28 (8.21%) ITIL
22 27 (7.92%) Test Automation
22 27 (7.92%) WebSphere
23 26 (7.62%) Web Services
23 26 (7.62%) Microservices
24 25 (7.33%) zOS
24 25 (7.33%) ISPF
24 25 (7.33%) JIRA
25 23 (6.74%) Project Management

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (10.56%) CICS
2 27 (7.92%) WebSphere
3 15 (4.40%) Tomcat
4 12 (3.52%) IIS
5 11 (3.23%) Apache
5 11 (3.23%) SAS
6 9 (2.64%) MQSeries
6 9 (2.64%) WebSphere Application Server
7 6 (1.76%) Confluence
8 5 (1.47%) JBoss
9 3 (0.88%) SharePoint
10 2 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.59%) OpenStack
10 2 (0.59%) Oracle Application Server
10 2 (0.59%) WebLogic
11 1 (0.29%) Apache Pig
11 1 (0.29%) Gentran
11 1 (0.29%) Mule
11 1 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 1 (0.29%) WildFly
Applications
1 13 (3.81%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (3.23%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (1.76%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (1.17%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.88%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 1 (0.29%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 31 (9.09%) Amazon AWS
2 16 (4.69%) Microsoft Azure
3 9 (2.64%) Adobe Analytics
3 9 (2.64%) GitHub
4 8 (2.35%) Bluemix
4 8 (2.35%) IBM Cloud
4 8 (2.35%) PaaS
5 7 (2.05%) Amazon EC2
5 7 (2.05%) Amazon S3
5 7 (2.05%) AWS Lambda
5 7 (2.05%) Serverless
6 5 (1.47%) BrowserStack
7 3 (0.88%) IaaS
7 3 (0.88%) OpenShift
7 3 (0.88%) SaaS
8 1 (0.29%) Azure Machine Learning
8 1 (0.29%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 23 (6.74%) Firewall
2 17 (4.99%) SSL
3 16 (4.69%) HTTP
4 10 (2.93%) BIG-IP
4 10 (2.93%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
5 8 (2.35%) SSH
6 6 (1.76%) FTP
6 6 (1.76%) Internet
6 6 (1.76%) Kerberos
6 6 (1.76%) LAN
6 6 (1.76%) WAN
7 5 (1.47%) DNS
7 5 (1.47%) Network Security
8 3 (0.88%) MPLS
8 3 (0.88%) SAN
8 3 (0.88%) Unified Communications
8 3 (0.88%) VPLS
9 2 (0.59%) SMS
9 2 (0.59%) TCP/IP
10 1 (0.29%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (23.75%) DB2
2 13 (3.81%) SQL Server
3 7 (2.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 6 (1.76%) Data Warehouse
5 5 (1.47%) Big Data
5 5 (1.47%) Hadoop
5 5 (1.47%) Oracle Database
6 4 (1.17%) OLTP
6 4 (1.17%) PowerCenter
7 3 (0.88%) Adabas
7 3 (0.88%) Apache Cassandra
7 3 (0.88%) Data Lake
7 3 (0.88%) MS Access
7 3 (0.88%) Parquet
7 3 (0.88%) Relational Database
7 3 (0.88%) SQL Server 2012
8 2 (0.59%) IDMS
8 2 (0.59%) MongoDB
8 2 (0.59%) NoSQL
9 1 (0.29%) Base SAS
Development Applications
1 25 (7.33%) JIRA
2 20 (5.87%) Jenkins
3 19 (5.57%) TeamCity
4 17 (4.99%) Bitbucket
5 14 (4.11%) WebDriver
6 12 (3.52%) Selenium
7 11 (3.23%) HP UFT
7 11 (3.23%) webpack
8 9 (2.64%) Artifactory
9 8 (2.35%) Ant
9 8 (2.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 8 (2.35%) Eclipse
9 8 (2.35%) Gradle
9 8 (2.35%) Maven
9 8 (2.35%) XMLSpy
10 7 (2.05%) Cucumber
11 6 (1.76%) ERwin
11 6 (1.76%) GitLab
11 6 (1.76%) Jasmine
12 5 (1.47%) Zephyr
General
1 114 (33.43%) Finance
2 104 (30.50%) Banking
3 19 (5.57%) Retail Banking
4 9 (2.64%) Retail
5 7 (2.05%) Law
6 4 (1.17%) Investment Banking
6 4 (1.17%) Manufacturing
6 4 (1.17%) Private Banking
7 3 (0.88%) Retail Finance
8 2 (0.59%) Advertising
8 2 (0.59%) Local Government
8 2 (0.59%) Marketing
9 1 (0.29%) Automotive
9 1 (0.29%) Back Office
9 1 (0.29%) Billing
9 1 (0.29%) Dutch Language
9 1 (0.29%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.29%) Games
9 1 (0.29%) Legal
9 1 (0.29%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 70 (20.53%) Analyst
2 63 (18.48%) Developer
3 37 (10.85%) Architect
4 25 (7.33%) Consultant
5 21 (6.16%) Project Manager
6 20 (5.87%) Banking Analyst
7 18 (5.28%) Mainframe Analyst
7 18 (5.28%) Test Analyst
8 16 (4.69%) Solutions Architect
9 13 (3.81%) Support Analyst
10 11 (3.23%) DevOps Engineer
11 10 (2.93%) DBA
11 10 (2.93%) Designer
11 10 (2.93%) Tester
12 9 (2.64%) Automation Tester
12 9 (2.64%) DB2 DBA
12 9 (2.64%) Mainframe Test Analyst
12 9 (2.64%) Programme Manager
12 9 (2.64%) Programmer
12 9 (2.64%) Technical Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (11.44%) Middleware
2 26 (7.62%) Web Services
3 25 (7.33%) ISPF
4 23 (6.74%) .NET
5 21 (6.16%) REST
6 20 (5.87%) Node.js
6 20 (5.87%) XML
7 14 (4.11%) SOAP
7 14 (4.11%) Spring
8 13 (3.81%) AngularJS
8 13 (3.81%) React
9 12 (3.52%) JSON
10 10 (2.93%) Hibernate
10 10 (2.93%) Spring Boot
10 10 (2.93%) WSDL
10 10 (2.93%) XSD
11 9 (2.64%) .NET Framework
11 9 (2.64%) J2EE
12 8 (2.35%) JDBC
12 8 (2.35%) Struts
Miscellaneous
1 35 (10.26%) IBM Mainframe
2 30 (8.80%) Analytical Skills
3 16 (4.69%) DataPower
4 12 (3.52%) Enterprise Software
5 10 (2.93%) AS400
5 10 (2.93%) Management Information System
6 9 (2.64%) Client/Server
6 9 (2.64%) Data Centre
6 9 (2.64%) iSeries
7 7 (2.05%) PKI
7 7 (2.05%) Virtual Team
7 7 (2.05%) VSAM
8 3 (0.88%) Clustering
8 3 (0.88%) Mobile App
9 2 (0.59%) CESG
9 2 (0.59%) Computer Science
9 2 (0.59%) Data Structures
9 2 (0.59%) Mobile Banking
9 2 (0.59%) Robotics
9 2 (0.59%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 71 (20.82%) Unix
2 57 (16.72%) Windows
3 55 (16.13%) Linux
4 25 (7.33%) zOS
5 22 (6.45%) AIX
6 15 (4.40%) Windows Server
7 10 (2.93%) MVS
8 8 (2.35%) Solaris
9 6 (1.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 5 (1.47%) NetWare
11 4 (1.17%) HPUX
12 3 (0.88%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.59%) Data ONTAP
13 2 (0.59%) OS/2
13 2 (0.59%) VME
14 1 (0.29%) CentOS
14 1 (0.29%) VMS
14 1 (0.29%) Windows 2000 Server
14 1 (0.29%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 79 (23.17%) Agile Software Development
2 43 (12.61%) Migration
3 37 (10.85%) DevOps
4 29 (8.50%) Stakeholder Management
5 28 (8.21%) ITIL
6 27 (7.92%) Test Automation
7 26 (7.62%) Microservices
8 23 (6.74%) Project Management
9 22 (6.45%) Test Scripting
10 19 (5.57%) Scrum
11 18 (5.28%) Change Management
11 18 (5.28%) Data Modelling
11 18 (5.28%) SOA
12 15 (4.40%) Service Delivery
13 14 (4.11%) Information Security
14 13 (3.81%) Business Analysis
15 12 (3.52%) Line Management
15 12 (3.52%) Open Source
15 12 (3.52%) Service Management
15 12 (3.52%) TOGAF
Programming Languages
1 74 (21.70%) Java
2 64 (18.77%) SQL
3 49 (14.37%) JCL
4 31 (9.09%) COBOL
5 19 (5.57%) Shell Script
6 17 (4.99%) JavaScript
7 16 (4.69%) REXX
8 15 (4.40%) Perl
9 11 (3.23%) Python
10 9 (2.64%) C#
11 6 (1.76%) Assembly Language
11 6 (1.76%) C
11 6 (1.76%) CLIST
12 5 (1.47%) C++
13 4 (1.17%) PowerShell
13 4 (1.17%) VB
14 3 (0.88%) PL/1
14 3 (0.88%) PL/SQL
14 3 (0.88%) VBA
15 2 (0.59%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 17 (4.99%) Degree
2 16 (4.69%) Security Cleared
3 12 (3.52%) SC Cleared
4 9 (2.64%) ISTQB
4 9 (2.64%) ITIL Certification
5 5 (1.47%) ISEB
6 4 (1.17%) CISA
7 3 (0.88%) PMI Certification
8 2 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.59%) CISM
8 2 (0.59%) CISSP
8 2 (0.59%) Computer Science Degree
8 2 (0.59%) CRISC
8 2 (0.59%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (5.57%) QA
2 6 (1.76%) Data Quality
3 4 (1.17%) GDPR
3 4 (1.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 3 (0.88%) SLA
5 1 (0.29%) ISO 8583
5 1 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.29%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.29%) PMO
5 1 (0.29%) Solvency II
System Software
1 23 (6.74%) Time Sharing Option
2 14 (4.11%) Docker
3 12 (3.52%) Active Directory
4 11 (3.23%) RACF
4 11 (3.23%) Virtual Machines
5 10 (2.93%) Job Entry Subsystem
6 4 (1.17%) PowerHA
7 3 (0.88%) Virtual Desktop
8 2 (0.59%) Tivoli Directory Server
8 2 (0.59%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
8 2 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
9 1 (0.29%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.29%) GridGain
9 1 (0.29%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 10 (2.93%) Puppet
2 9 (2.64%) Ansible
3 8 (2.35%) CA Endevor
3 8 (2.35%) Kubernetes
3 8 (2.35%) Opscode Chef
4 7 (2.05%) zSecure
5 6 (1.76%) Tivoli
6 4 (1.17%) Control-M
6 4 (1.17%) MAINVIEW
7 3 (0.88%) Tivoli Storage Manager
8 2 (0.59%) HP Quality Center
8 2 (0.59%) MOM
8 2 (0.59%) PowerBroker
8 2 (0.59%) Terraform
9 1 (0.29%) BMC PATROL
9 1 (0.29%) OMEGAMON
9 1 (0.29%) Tivoli Monitoring
9 1 (0.29%) Tivoli NetView
9 1 (0.29%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 105 (30.79%) IBM
2 45 (13.20%) Oracle
3 17 (4.99%) Microsoft
4 13 (3.81%) Citrix
5 11 (3.23%) CA
5 11 (3.23%) F5
6 10 (2.93%) SAP
7 9 (2.64%) Adobe
7 9 (2.64%) Green Hat
7 9 (2.64%) MuleSoft
7 9 (2.64%) ServiceNow
8 8 (2.35%) BMC
8 8 (2.35%) Software AG
8 8 (2.35%) webMethods
9 7 (2.05%) CyberArk
9 7 (2.05%) Sybase
10 6 (1.76%) Ab Initio
10 6 (1.76%) Red Hat
11 5 (1.47%) Teradata
11 5 (1.47%) VMware