Period
to 13 December 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 13 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
13 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 622 511 598
Rank change year-on-year -111 +87 -227
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 160 439 310
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.20% 0.42% 0.30%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.65% 1.29% 0.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 80 254 166
UK median daily rate £494 £438 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +12.86% -2.78% -2.17%
10th Percentile £299 £302 £275
90th Percentile £650 £665 £597
UK excluding London median daily rate £485 £400 £450
% change year-on-year +21.25% -11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 13 4
UK median hourly rate £37.50 £16.66 £17.81
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +125.09% -6.43% -45.05%
10th Percentile £37.25 £16.00 £13.99
90th Percentile £37.75 £36.30 £25.94
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £16.33 £17.81
% change year-on-year +129.64% -8.28% -45.05%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 24,788 33,901 34,280
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.08% 32.25% 33.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,680 22,122 22,627
UK median daily rate £463 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.63% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £250 £275 £263
90th Percentile £670 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,040 1,060 1,008
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £20.00 £20.92
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.50% -4.41% +4.61%
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £48.75 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.88 £19.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +20.39% -5.00% -

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor daily rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 13 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 13 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -121 131 £494 +12.86% 31
UK excluding London -61 122 £485 +21.25% 23
North of England -6 45 £425 +6.25% 5
London -25 33 £525 -4.55% 9
South East +18 21 £493 +49.67% 13
Scotland +28 19 £600 +41.18% 1
South West +8 19 £481 +10.00%
North West +2 16 £463 +15.63% 3
Yorkshire -6 15 £425 +6.25% 2
North East +41 14 £525 -
Wales - 8 £363 -
Midlands +17 6 £400 +25.00% 4
East Midlands +6 5 £400 +23.44% 2
East of England +2 5 £513 +5.13%
West Midlands +27 1 £550 +79.59% 2

For the 6 months to 13 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 35 (21.88%) IBM
2 34 (21.25%) Agile Software Development
3 33 (20.63%) Migration
4 30 (18.75%) Finance
4 30 (18.75%) Banking
5 29 (18.13%) Oracle
6 28 (17.50%) Java
6 28 (17.50%) Unix
7 25 (15.63%) SQL
8 21 (13.13%) Windows
8 21 (13.13%) DB2
9 20 (12.50%) Linux
10 16 (10.00%) Web Services
11 15 (9.38%) Project Delivery
12 14 (8.75%) Scrum
12 14 (8.75%) COBOL
12 14 (8.75%) Test Automation
12 14 (8.75%) Jenkins
12 14 (8.75%) Problem-Solving
13 13 (8.13%) Change Management
14 12 (7.50%) Data Analysis
14 12 (7.50%) JCL
14 12 (7.50%) Analytical Skills
14 12 (7.50%) Azure
14 12 (7.50%) AWS
14 12 (7.50%) IBM Mainframe
15 11 (6.88%) Non-Functional Testing
15 11 (6.88%) Public Sector
15 11 (6.88%) zOS
15 11 (6.88%) ITIL

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (4.38%) SAS
2 6 (3.75%) CICS
3 3 (1.88%) Confluence
4 2 (1.25%) GlassFish
4 2 (1.25%) MQSeries
4 2 (1.25%) MS Exchange
4 2 (1.25%) Oracle Service Bus
4 2 (1.25%) SharePoint
4 2 (1.25%) WebLogic
4 2 (1.25%) WebSphere
5 1 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
5 1 (0.63%) Drupal
5 1 (0.63%) IIS
5 1 (0.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 5 (3.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (2.50%) Zeplin
3 3 (1.88%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (1.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (1.25%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.63%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 6 (3.75%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.63%) Finacle
2 1 (0.63%) PeopleSoft HCM
2 1 (0.63%) SAP Business One
2 1 (0.63%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 12 (7.50%) AWS
1 12 (7.50%) Azure
2 5 (3.13%) Cloud Computing
3 3 (1.88%) GCP
3 3 (1.88%) IaaS
3 3 (1.88%) PaaS
3 3 (1.88%) SaaS
4 2 (1.25%) GitHub
5 1 (0.63%) Google Docs
5 1 (0.63%) IBM Cloud
5 1 (0.63%) OpenShift
5 1 (0.63%) SoftLayer
Communications & Networking
1 7 (4.38%) SSL
2 6 (3.75%) HTTPS
3 5 (3.13%) DMZ
4 4 (2.50%) OpenLDAP
5 3 (1.88%) SAN
6 2 (1.25%) LAN
6 2 (1.25%) WAN
7 1 (0.63%) Firewall
7 1 (0.63%) HTTP
7 1 (0.63%) Internet
7 1 (0.63%) IP Telephony
7 1 (0.63%) NAS
7 1 (0.63%) Network Security
7 1 (0.63%) Skype
7 1 (0.63%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.63%) VoIP
7 1 (0.63%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 21 (13.13%) DB2
2 9 (5.63%) MySQL
3 6 (3.75%) Oracle Reports
4 5 (3.13%) Big Data
4 5 (3.13%) GIS
4 5 (3.13%) Oracle Database
4 5 (3.13%) SQL Server
5 3 (1.88%) Relational Database
6 2 (1.25%) Data Warehouse
6 2 (1.25%) Hadoop
6 2 (1.25%) Oracle BI Publisher
6 2 (1.25%) RDBMS
6 2 (1.25%) Sqoop
7 1 (0.63%) Adabas
7 1 (0.63%) BusinessObjects
7 1 (0.63%) DataStage
7 1 (0.63%) Oracle Discoverer
7 1 (0.63%) PostgreSQL
7 1 (0.63%) QlikView
7 1 (0.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 14 (8.75%) Jenkins
2 9 (5.63%) JIRA
3 8 (5.00%) GitLab
4 6 (3.75%) Selenium
5 4 (2.50%) Git (software)
5 4 (2.50%) Postman
5 4 (2.50%) Xcode
6 3 (1.88%) JUnit
6 3 (1.88%) Subversion
7 2 (1.25%) Appium
7 2 (1.25%) Gradle
7 2 (1.25%) SoapUI
7 2 (1.25%) Zephyr
8 1 (0.63%) Bitbucket
8 1 (0.63%) CA Release Automation
8 1 (0.63%) JBehave
8 1 (0.63%) Team Foundation Server
8 1 (0.63%) TestNG
8 1 (0.63%) VisualVM
8 1 (0.63%) WebDriver
General
1 30 (18.75%) Banking
1 30 (18.75%) Finance
2 11 (6.88%) Public Sector
3 6 (3.75%) Investment Banking
3 6 (3.75%) Retail
4 4 (2.50%) Law
5 3 (1.88%) Manufacturing
6 2 (1.25%) Financial Institution
6 2 (1.25%) Retail Banking
6 2 (1.25%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.63%) Back Office
7 1 (0.63%) Front Office
7 1 (0.63%) Legal
7 1 (0.63%) Prime Brokerage
7 1 (0.63%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 25 (15.63%) Developer
2 21 (13.13%) Analyst
3 15 (9.38%) Administrator
3 15 (9.38%) Architect
4 12 (7.50%) Consultant
5 8 (5.00%) Data Analyst
6 7 (4.38%) Java Developer
6 7 (4.38%) Non-Functional Test Engineer
6 7 (4.38%) Test Engineer
6 7 (4.38%) Tester
7 6 (3.75%) Solutions Architect
8 5 (3.13%) IT Support
8 5 (3.13%) Mainframe Support
8 5 (3.13%) Manual Tester
8 5 (3.13%) Software Developer
8 5 (3.13%) Technical Analyst
9 4 (2.50%) Automation Tester
9 4 (2.50%) Mainframe Specialist
9 4 (2.50%) Mainframe Systems Programmer
9 4 (2.50%) Mobile Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 16 (10.00%) Web Services
2 10 (6.25%) Middleware
3 9 (5.63%) HTML
4 8 (5.00%) CSS
4 8 (5.00%) XML
5 6 (3.75%) .NET
5 6 (3.75%) SOAP
6 5 (3.13%) LDAP
6 5 (3.13%) REST
6 5 (3.13%) Spring
7 4 (2.50%) ISPF
8 3 (1.88%) AngularJS
8 3 (1.88%) Spring Boot
9 2 (1.25%) ASP.NET Web API
9 2 (1.25%) jQuery
9 2 (1.25%) Kafka
9 2 (1.25%) RESTful
10 1 (0.63%) .NET Framework
10 1 (0.63%) ASP.NET MVC
10 1 (0.63%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 12 (7.50%) Analytical Skills
1 12 (7.50%) IBM Mainframe
2 9 (5.63%) Data Centre
3 7 (4.38%) AS400
4 6 (3.75%) Clustering
4 6 (3.75%) Mobile App
4 6 (3.75%) Self-Motivation
5 5 (3.13%) Client/Server
5 5 (3.13%) iSeries
5 5 (3.13%) Management Information System
6 3 (1.88%) Credit Risk
6 3 (1.88%) Enterprise Software
6 3 (1.88%) VSAM
7 2 (1.25%) Data Structures
7 2 (1.25%) FMCG
7 2 (1.25%) LPAR
8 1 (0.63%) Enterprise Storage
8 1 (0.63%) Online Banking
8 1 (0.63%) Robotics
8 1 (0.63%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 28 (17.50%) Unix
2 21 (13.13%) Windows
3 20 (12.50%) Linux
4 11 (6.88%) zOS
5 8 (5.00%) VME
6 6 (3.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (3.13%) Apple iOS
7 5 (3.13%) Windows Server
8 4 (2.50%) Android
9 2 (1.25%) AIX
9 2 (1.25%) Solaris
10 1 (0.63%) HPUX
10 1 (0.63%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.63%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 34 (21.25%) Agile Software Development
2 33 (20.63%) Migration
3 15 (9.38%) Project Delivery
4 14 (8.75%) Problem-Solving
4 14 (8.75%) Scrum
4 14 (8.75%) Test Automation
5 13 (8.13%) Change Management
6 12 (7.50%) Data Analysis
7 11 (6.88%) ITIL
7 11 (6.88%) Non-Functional Testing
8 10 (6.25%) Continuous Delivery
8 10 (6.25%) Continuous Integration
8 10 (6.25%) DevOps
9 9 (5.63%) Stakeholder Management
10 7 (4.38%) Data Mapping
10 7 (4.38%) Test Scripting
10 7 (4.38%) Use Case
11 6 (3.75%) BDD
11 6 (3.75%) Data Migration
11 6 (3.75%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 28 (17.50%) Java
2 25 (15.63%) SQL
3 14 (8.75%) COBOL
4 12 (7.50%) JCL
5 10 (6.25%) JavaScript
6 7 (4.38%) Python
7 5 (3.13%) Assembly Language
8 4 (2.50%) C#
8 4 (2.50%) REXX
9 3 (1.88%) C
9 3 (1.88%) Go
9 3 (1.88%) Ruby
10 2 (1.25%) PL/SQL
10 2 (1.25%) RPG
10 2 (1.25%) Shell Script
10 2 (1.25%) VB.NET
11 1 (0.63%) ActionScript
11 1 (0.63%) Natural
11 1 (0.63%) VBA
11 1 (0.63%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 9 (5.63%) SC Cleared
1 9 (5.63%) Security Cleared
2 6 (3.75%) ITIL Certification
3 3 (1.88%) BPSS Clearance
3 3 (1.88%) ISTQB
4 2 (1.25%) CISM
4 2 (1.25%) CISSP
4 2 (1.25%) ISEB
5 1 (0.63%) Degree
5 1 (0.63%) HND
5 1 (0.63%) ISEB Practitioner
5 1 (0.63%) Oracle Certification
5 1 (0.63%) PgMP
5 1 (0.63%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (2.50%) QA
2 2 (1.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 2 (1.25%) ITGC
2 2 (1.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
2 2 (1.25%) SLA
3 1 (0.63%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.63%) ISO 20022
3 1 (0.63%) ISO 8583
3 1 (0.63%) PSD2
System Software
1 10 (6.25%) RACF
2 6 (3.75%) ACF2
3 5 (3.13%) Active Directory
4 4 (2.50%) Time Sharing Option
5 3 (1.88%) Docker
6 2 (1.25%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (1.25%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (1.25%) VMware NSX
6 2 (1.25%) vSphere
7 1 (0.63%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 5 (3.13%) Control-M
1 5 (3.13%) Opscode Chef
1 5 (3.13%) Puppet
1 5 (3.13%) Tivoli
2 4 (2.50%) Ansible
2 4 (2.50%) OMEGAMON
3 3 (1.88%) CA Endevor
3 3 (1.88%) zSecure
4 2 (1.25%) BladeLogic
4 2 (1.25%) MAINVIEW
4 2 (1.25%) RSA Archer
4 2 (1.25%) vRealize Orchestrator
5 1 (0.63%) HP Quality Center
5 1 (0.63%) Kubernetes
5 1 (0.63%) NetBackup
5 1 (0.63%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
5 1 (0.63%) Perfmon
Vendors
1 35 (21.88%) IBM
2 29 (18.13%) Oracle
3 10 (6.25%) Microsoft
4 8 (5.00%) SAP
5 7 (4.38%) CA
5 7 (4.38%) Unisys
6 6 (3.75%) Red Hat
7 5 (3.13%) EMC
7 5 (3.13%) NetApp
8 4 (2.50%) Google
8 4 (2.50%) Micro Focus
8 4 (2.50%) Teradata
8 4 (2.50%) VMware
9 3 (1.88%) ICL
9 3 (1.88%) Remedy
9 3 (1.88%) TSYS
10 2 (1.25%) Ariba
10 2 (1.25%) BMC
10 2 (1.25%) Centrify
10 2 (1.25%) CyberArk