Period
to 16 July 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 16 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
16 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 504 498 343
Rank change year-on-year -6 -155 +13
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 422 402 796
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.41% 0.42% 0.72%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.20% 1.24% 2.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 207 200 443
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.19%
10th Percentile £288 £287 £251
90th Percentile £631 £589 £585
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £410 £425
% change year-on-year +6.10% -3.53% +6.12%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 12 19
UK median hourly rate £17.00 £30.00 £28.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -43.33% +5.26% -8.95%
10th Percentile £15.98 £19.13 £18.78
90th Percentile £45.10 £45.53 £36.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.00 £30.00 £28.50
% change year-on-year -43.33% +5.26% +128.00%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 35,106 32,501 37,490
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.84% 34.24% 34.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,815 21,102 24,580
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £251
90th Percentile £656 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £385
% change year-on-year +3.13% +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,095 1,108 1,239
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £20.25 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -3.57% +16.67%
10th Percentile £11.81 £11.25 £11.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £48.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.75 £19.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year +14.47% -9.52% +20.00%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor daily rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 16 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 16 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 16 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -17 360 £450 +5.88% 36
UK excluding London -22 309 £435 +6.10% 37
London -36 102 £488 +0.10% 10
South East -4 89 £475 +19.50% 6
North of England -67 72 £380 -11.11% 10
Scotland -43 50 £435 +3.14% 11
Midlands -1 44 £350 -16.17% 5
East of England +5 34 £513 +55.30% 4
North West -82 34 £425 - 4
East Midlands +13 29 £360 -15.54% 1
Yorkshire -6 29 £388 -9.88% 5
South West +21 20 £513 +20.59% 1
West Midlands -13 15 £350 -13.58% 4
North East +5 9 £295 -4.84% 1
Wales -13 2 £525 -
Northern Ireland - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 16 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 154 (36.49%) Finance
2 111 (26.30%) Banking
3 110 (26.07%) Unix
4 109 (25.83%) Agile Software Development
5 105 (24.88%) IBM
6 99 (23.46%) SQL
7 79 (18.72%) Windows
8 78 (18.48%) Java
9 74 (17.54%) DB2
10 72 (17.06%) Migration
11 67 (15.88%) Oracle
12 55 (13.03%) Linux
13 49 (11.61%) Project Management
14 47 (11.14%) COBOL
15 46 (10.90%) IBM Mainframe
15 46 (10.90%) Analytical Skills
16 42 (9.95%) Stakeholder Management
17 40 (9.48%) Problem-Solving
18 39 (9.24%) zOS
19 36 (8.53%) Amazon AWS
20 35 (8.29%) JCL
20 35 (8.29%) WebSphere
21 34 (8.06%) Data Migration
21 34 (8.06%) DevOps
21 34 (8.06%) Data Centre
22 32 (7.58%) ITIL
22 32 (7.58%) Microsoft
22 32 (7.58%) CICS
23 31 (7.35%) Change Management
24 29 (6.87%) Test Automation

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (8.29%) WebSphere
2 32 (7.58%) CICS
3 16 (3.79%) WebLogic
4 9 (2.13%) SharePoint
5 6 (1.42%) SAS
5 6 (1.42%) WildFly
6 5 (1.18%) BizTalk Server
6 5 (1.18%) Confluence
6 5 (1.18%) IIS
6 5 (1.18%) JBoss
6 5 (1.18%) MQSeries
6 5 (1.18%) WebSphere Application Server
7 4 (0.95%) Apache Spark
7 4 (0.95%) Jetty
7 4 (0.95%) PowerExchange
8 3 (0.71%) Apache
8 3 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 2 (0.47%) Gentran
10 1 (0.24%) MS Exchange
10 1 (0.24%) Tomcat
Applications
1 24 (5.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (3.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 8 (1.90%) Microsoft Office
4 7 (1.66%) Microsoft Project
4 7 (1.66%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.24%) EngageOne
5 1 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 2 (0.47%) BASE24
2 1 (0.24%) assyst
Cloud Services
1 36 (8.53%) Amazon AWS
2 15 (3.55%) Microsoft Azure
3 10 (2.37%) Amazon EC2
3 10 (2.37%) Amazon S3
3 10 (2.37%) AWS Lambda
3 10 (2.37%) Serverless
4 3 (0.71%) npm
4 3 (0.71%) SaaS
5 1 (0.24%) GitHub
5 1 (0.24%) Google Cloud Platform
5 1 (0.24%) IaaS
5 1 (0.24%) IBM Cloud
5 1 (0.24%) Office 365
5 1 (0.24%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 14 (3.32%) WAN
2 13 (3.08%) LAN
3 10 (2.37%) Firewall
4 9 (2.13%) Internet
5 8 (1.90%) SAN
6 7 (1.66%) DNS
7 6 (1.42%) FTP
7 6 (1.42%) HTTP
7 6 (1.42%) Wi-Fi
8 5 (1.18%) SMS
8 5 (1.18%) SSH
8 5 (1.18%) SSL
9 4 (0.95%) ATM
10 3 (0.71%) Intranet
10 3 (0.71%) Kerberos
10 3 (0.71%) Network Security
11 1 (0.24%) DHCP
11 1 (0.24%) Multicast
11 1 (0.24%) SNA
11 1 (0.24%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 74 (17.54%) DB2
2 17 (4.03%) SQL Server
3 15 (3.55%) Adabas
4 11 (2.61%) Data Warehouse
4 11 (2.61%) Relational Database
5 10 (2.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 8 (1.90%) Hadoop
7 6 (1.42%) Oracle Database
7 6 (1.42%) PowerCenter
8 5 (1.18%) MongoDB
8 5 (1.18%) PostgreSQL
9 4 (0.95%) Data Lake
9 4 (0.95%) MySQL
10 3 (0.71%) Base SAS
10 3 (0.71%) Big Data
10 3 (0.71%) DataStage
11 2 (0.47%) GIS
11 2 (0.47%) Informix
11 2 (0.47%) NoSQL
11 2 (0.47%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 17 (4.03%) JIRA
2 15 (3.55%) Jenkins
3 14 (3.32%) Git (software)
4 8 (1.90%) Gradle
5 7 (1.66%) XMLSpy
6 5 (1.18%) GitLab
6 5 (1.18%) HP UFT
6 5 (1.18%) WebDriver
7 4 (0.95%) Maven
7 4 (0.95%) Selenium
7 4 (0.95%) Sonatype Nexus
7 4 (0.95%) Team Foundation Server
7 4 (0.95%) TeamCity
7 4 (0.95%) Toad
7 4 (0.95%) Zephyr
8 3 (0.71%) Cucumber
8 3 (0.71%) JMeter
8 3 (0.71%) JUnit
8 3 (0.71%) LoadRunner
8 3 (0.71%) Mocha
General
1 154 (36.49%) Finance
2 111 (26.30%) Banking
3 23 (5.45%) Retail
4 15 (3.55%) Financial Institution
5 12 (2.84%) Law
6 9 (2.13%) Retail Banking
7 7 (1.66%) Private Banking
8 6 (1.42%) Investment Banking
9 5 (1.18%) Back Office
10 4 (0.95%) Billing
10 4 (0.95%) Marketing
11 3 (0.71%) Automotive
11 3 (0.71%) Front Office
11 3 (0.71%) Publishing
12 2 (0.47%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.47%) Telecoms
13 1 (0.24%) Dutch Language
13 1 (0.24%) Games
13 1 (0.24%) Legal
13 1 (0.24%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 94 (22.27%) Developer
2 72 (17.06%) Analyst
3 57 (13.51%) Project Manager
4 52 (12.32%) Architect
5 23 (5.45%) Mainframe Developer
6 21 (4.98%) Solutions Architect
6 21 (4.98%) Test Analyst
7 20 (4.74%) Consultant
7 20 (4.74%) Migration Manager
8 19 (4.50%) Migration Project Manager
9 17 (4.03%) Infrastructure Manager
9 17 (4.03%) Mainframe Analyst
10 15 (3.55%) COBOL Developer
10 15 (3.55%) Data Migration Manager
10 15 (3.55%) DB2 DBA
10 15 (3.55%) DBA
10 15 (3.55%) Infrastructure Architect
10 15 (3.55%) Infrastructure Project Manager
10 15 (3.55%) Java Developer
11 14 (3.32%) Data Migration Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 27 (6.40%) Middleware
2 23 (5.45%) XML
3 21 (4.98%) REST
4 18 (4.27%) J2EE
4 18 (4.27%) Node.js
5 17 (4.03%) SOAP
6 14 (3.32%) AngularJS
7 12 (2.84%) Web Services
8 11 (2.61%) .NET
8 11 (2.61%) ISPF
9 10 (2.37%) JMS
9 10 (2.37%) LDAP
9 10 (2.37%) OAuth
9 10 (2.37%) SAML
10 9 (2.13%) HTML
10 9 (2.13%) JDBC
10 9 (2.13%) OAuth2
11 8 (1.90%) JSP
11 8 (1.90%) WSDL
11 8 (1.90%) XSD
Miscellaneous
1 46 (10.90%) Analytical Skills
1 46 (10.90%) IBM Mainframe
2 34 (8.06%) Data Centre
3 19 (4.50%) Management Information System
4 9 (2.13%) Enterprise Software
4 9 (2.13%) Replication
4 9 (2.13%) VSAM
5 8 (1.90%) Client/Server
6 6 (1.42%) User Experience
7 5 (1.18%) PKI
7 5 (1.18%) Robotics
8 4 (0.95%) AS400
8 4 (0.95%) CMDB
8 4 (0.95%) Computer Science
8 4 (0.95%) DataPower
8 4 (0.95%) iSeries
8 4 (0.95%) Self-Motivation
8 4 (0.95%) Tandem
9 3 (0.71%) Fintech
9 3 (0.71%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 110 (26.07%) Unix
2 79 (18.72%) Windows
3 55 (13.03%) Linux
4 39 (9.24%) zOS
5 22 (5.21%) AIX
6 17 (4.03%) Solaris
7 13 (3.08%) VME
8 7 (1.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 7 (1.66%) Windows Server
9 6 (1.42%) HPUX
10 5 (1.18%) CentOS
10 5 (1.18%) MVS
11 3 (0.71%) NetWare
11 3 (0.71%) OS/2
12 2 (0.47%) OS/390
13 1 (0.24%) Android
13 1 (0.24%) Windows NT
13 1 (0.24%) Windows Phone 8
13 1 (0.24%) Windows Server 2003
13 1 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 109 (25.83%) Agile Software Development
2 72 (17.06%) Migration
3 49 (11.61%) Project Management
4 42 (9.95%) Stakeholder Management
5 40 (9.48%) Problem-Solving
6 34 (8.06%) Data Migration
6 34 (8.06%) DevOps
7 32 (7.58%) ITIL
8 31 (7.35%) Change Management
9 29 (6.87%) Test Automation
10 26 (6.16%) Data Analysis
11 25 (5.92%) Scrum
12 24 (5.69%) Disaster Recovery
13 21 (4.98%) ITSM
14 20 (4.74%) Waterfall
15 19 (4.50%) Data Mapping
16 18 (4.27%) Risk Management
16 18 (4.27%) Service Management
17 17 (4.03%) ETL
17 17 (4.03%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 99 (23.46%) SQL
2 78 (18.48%) Java
3 47 (11.14%) COBOL
4 35 (8.29%) JCL
5 22 (5.21%) JavaScript
6 20 (4.74%) Perl
7 19 (4.50%) Shell Script
8 16 (3.79%) C#
9 15 (3.55%) Natural
10 14 (3.32%) REXX
11 13 (3.08%) Assembly Language
11 13 (3.08%) PL/SQL
11 13 (3.08%) Python
12 9 (2.13%) PHP
13 6 (1.42%) Java 8
14 5 (1.18%) TypeScript
15 4 (0.95%) C
15 4 (0.95%) C++
15 4 (0.95%) Groovy
15 4 (0.95%) PL/1
Qualifications
1 23 (5.45%) Security Cleared
2 14 (3.32%) ISTQB
3 13 (3.08%) SC Cleared
4 9 (2.13%) ISEB
5 8 (1.90%) Degree
5 8 (1.90%) ITIL Certification
6 7 (1.66%) PMI Certification
7 6 (1.42%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 6 (1.42%) PMP
8 5 (1.18%) CISM
8 5 (1.18%) CISSP
8 5 (1.18%) PRINCE2 Certification
9 4 (0.95%) CISMP
9 4 (0.95%) DV Cleared
10 3 (0.71%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
11 2 (0.47%) CCNA
11 2 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.47%) MBA
12 1 (0.24%) Citrix Certification
12 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (4.98%) Data Quality
2 18 (4.27%) QA
3 16 (3.79%) SLA
4 11 (2.61%) PMO
5 7 (1.66%) GDPR
6 6 (1.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.71%) ISO 22301
8 1 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.24%) GCP
8 1 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 21 (4.98%) Active Directory
2 18 (4.27%) Time Sharing Option
3 17 (4.03%) RACF
4 9 (2.13%) Docker
5 4 (0.95%) PowerHA
6 3 (0.71%) ACF2
6 3 (0.71%) Job Entry Subsystem
6 3 (0.71%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.24%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.24%) HDFS
7 1 (0.24%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.24%) KVM
7 1 (0.24%) NFS
7 1 (0.24%) SRDF
7 1 (0.24%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 1 (0.24%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 1 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.24%) Xen
Systems Management
1 10 (2.37%) OMEGAMON
2 6 (1.42%) Ansible
3 5 (1.18%) Control-M
3 5 (1.18%) Kubernetes
4 3 (0.71%) HP ALM
4 3 (0.71%) HP Quality Center
4 3 (0.71%) NetBackup
4 3 (0.71%) Tivoli
4 3 (0.71%) zSecure
5 2 (0.47%) BMC PATROL
5 2 (0.47%) Opscode Chef
5 2 (0.47%) Tivoli Storage Manager
6 1 (0.24%) MAINVIEW
6 1 (0.24%) MOM
6 1 (0.24%) Oozie
6 1 (0.24%) OpenView
6 1 (0.24%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
6 1 (0.24%) Tivoli NetView
6 1 (0.24%) Unicenter
6 1 (0.24%) XenMobile
Vendors
1 105 (24.88%) IBM
2 67 (15.88%) Oracle
3 32 (7.58%) Microsoft
4 20 (4.74%) Software AG
5 18 (4.27%) Automation Anywhere
6 16 (3.79%) CA
6 16 (3.79%) SAP
6 16 (3.79%) webMethods
7 13 (3.08%) BMC
7 13 (3.08%) MuleSoft
8 12 (2.84%) Blue Prism
8 12 (2.84%) Unisys
9 11 (2.61%) HP
9 11 (2.61%) Remedy
10 10 (2.37%) UiPath
11 9 (2.13%) VMware
12 7 (1.66%) ServiceNow
13 6 (1.42%) CyberArk
13 6 (1.42%) Red Hat
14 5 (1.18%) Informatica