Period
to 23 January 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 23 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 505 547 413
Rank change year-on-year +42 -134 -95
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 406 348 538
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.41% 0.35% 0.56%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.23% 1.03% 1.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 256 195 300
UK median daily rate £438 £450 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.78% +2.27% -2.22%
10th Percentile £307 £275 £286
90th Percentile £650 £598 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £450 £420
% change year-on-year -11.11% +7.14% -4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 4 15
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.81 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.71% -60.43% +71.43%
10th Percentile £15.55 £13.99 £16.25
90th Percentile £41.35 £25.94 £53.65
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.81 £40.57
% change year-on-year -1.71% -56.11% +55.29%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 32,903 33,634 31,659
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.02% 33.45% 32.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,672 22,472 20,605
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +0.59%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £250
90th Percentile £650 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 990 983 1,121
UK median hourly rate £20.38 £20.91 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.56% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.35 £11.32
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.14 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £19.50
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +0.03%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor daily rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 23 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 23 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +95 381 £438 -2.78% 28
UK excluding London -9 247 £400 -11.11% 23
London +69 149 £531 +21.08% 8
North of England 0 87 £400 -11.06% 9
South East +9 56 £350 -27.46% 3
Yorkshire +11 53 £406 -9.72% 3
East of England +24 36 £481 +37.99% 3
North West -23 34 £400 -7.46% 4
Midlands +11 28 £320 -19.75% 2
East Midlands +20 24 £320 -24.26%
South West -47 23 £500 -9.09% 3
Scotland -43 16 £400 -3.90% 1
West Midlands -26 4 £290 -22.67% 2
Wales -9 1 £575 +21.05% 2

For the 6 months to 23 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 118 (29.06%) Unix
2 103 (25.37%) Windows
3 97 (23.89%) Linux
3 97 (23.89%) Finance
4 91 (22.41%) IBM
5 86 (21.18%) DB2
6 84 (20.69%) Agile Software Development
7 80 (19.70%) Migration
8 72 (17.73%) COBOL
9 68 (16.75%) CICS
10 65 (16.01%) JCL
11 63 (15.52%) zOS
12 60 (14.78%) Java
13 53 (13.05%) Banking
14 51 (12.56%) ITIL
15 50 (12.32%) Security Cleared
16 48 (11.82%) SQL
16 48 (11.82%) Stakeholder Management
16 48 (11.82%) DevOps
17 47 (11.58%) Oracle
18 46 (11.33%) SC Cleared
19 43 (10.59%) Problem-Solving
20 42 (10.34%) Data Centre
21 40 (9.85%) Middleware
22 38 (9.36%) IBM Mainframe
23 33 (8.13%) REXX
24 30 (7.39%) ISPF
24 30 (7.39%) Amazon AWS
25 29 (7.14%) Python
25 29 (7.14%) RACF

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 68 (16.75%) CICS
2 21 (5.17%) WebSphere
3 9 (2.22%) Confluence
4 8 (1.97%) Cloud Foundry
4 8 (1.97%) SAS
5 7 (1.72%) Apache
5 7 (1.72%) WebLogic
6 5 (1.23%) MQSeries
7 4 (0.99%) Tomcat
7 4 (0.99%) WebSphere Application Server
8 3 (0.74%) MS Exchange
9 2 (0.49%) Gentran
9 2 (0.49%) IIS
9 2 (0.49%) Oracle Service Bus
9 2 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 1 (0.25%) BizTalk Server
10 1 (0.25%) JBoss
10 1 (0.25%) NetWeaver
10 1 (0.25%) SharePoint
10 1 (0.25%) WildFly
Applications
1 6 (1.48%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.99%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 4 (0.99%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.74%) EngageOne
4 2 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.49%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (0.99%) Oracle Retail
2 2 (0.49%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.25%) BusinessWare
3 1 (0.25%) Exstream
3 1 (0.25%) HFM
3 1 (0.25%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 30 (7.39%) Amazon AWS
2 19 (4.68%) Cloud Computing
3 14 (3.45%) Microsoft Azure
4 8 (1.97%) Google Cloud Platform
5 3 (0.74%) PaaS
6 2 (0.49%) Akamai
6 2 (0.49%) GitHub
6 2 (0.49%) IBM Cloud
6 2 (0.49%) OpenShift
7 1 (0.25%) Amazon EC2
7 1 (0.25%) Amazon S3
7 1 (0.25%) AWS Lambda
7 1 (0.25%) Boomi
7 1 (0.25%) IaaS
7 1 (0.25%) npm
7 1 (0.25%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 19 (4.68%) Firewall
2 17 (4.19%) WAN
3 12 (2.96%) SMTP
3 12 (2.96%) SNMP
4 11 (2.71%) TCP/IP
5 9 (2.22%) LAN
5 9 (2.22%) SAN
6 8 (1.97%) NAS
7 6 (1.48%) APPN
7 6 (1.48%) SNA
8 5 (1.23%) Internet
8 5 (1.23%) Network Security
9 4 (0.99%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
9 4 (0.99%) Wireshark
10 3 (0.74%) DNS
10 3 (0.74%) FTP
10 3 (0.74%) PuTTY
10 3 (0.74%) SSL
11 2 (0.49%) Broadband
11 2 (0.49%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 86 (21.18%) DB2
2 23 (5.67%) SQL Server
3 22 (5.42%) Adabas
4 14 (3.45%) PostgreSQL
5 10 (2.46%) Oracle Database
6 9 (2.22%) IDMS
6 9 (2.22%) Oracle Database 12c
7 8 (1.97%) Data Warehouse
8 5 (1.23%) MongoDB
8 5 (1.23%) Oracle Reports
8 5 (1.23%) SAS Enterprise Guide
9 4 (0.99%) DataStage
9 4 (0.99%) Easytrieve
9 4 (0.99%) Hadoop
9 4 (0.99%) Oracle ODI
9 4 (0.99%) Relational Database
9 4 (0.99%) SAS Data Integration Studio
10 3 (0.74%) Blockchain
10 3 (0.74%) MySQL
11 2 (0.49%) SAS Visual Analytics
Development Applications
1 15 (3.69%) Jenkins
2 13 (3.20%) JIRA
3 7 (1.72%) LoadRunner
4 6 (1.48%) Selenium
5 5 (1.23%) Git (software)
6 4 (0.99%) HP UFT
6 4 (0.99%) JUnit
7 3 (0.74%) Gradle
7 3 (0.74%) Rational Performance Tester
7 3 (0.74%) Sonatype Nexus
8 2 (0.49%) Ant
8 2 (0.49%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 2 (0.49%) Bitbucket
8 2 (0.49%) CA Release Automation
8 2 (0.49%) Cucumber
8 2 (0.49%) JMeter
8 2 (0.49%) Maven
8 2 (0.49%) Team Foundation Server
8 2 (0.49%) TeamCity
8 2 (0.49%) Zephyr
General
1 97 (23.89%) Finance
2 53 (13.05%) Banking
3 18 (4.43%) Retail
4 9 (2.22%) Law
5 7 (1.72%) Financial Institution
5 7 (1.72%) Manufacturing
6 6 (1.48%) Retail Banking
7 5 (1.23%) Automotive
7 5 (1.23%) Back Office
8 4 (0.99%) Legal
9 2 (0.49%) Advertising
9 2 (0.49%) Marketing
9 2 (0.49%) Private Banking
10 1 (0.25%) Aerospace
10 1 (0.25%) Avionics
10 1 (0.25%) Dutch Language
10 1 (0.25%) German Language
10 1 (0.25%) Investment Banking
10 1 (0.25%) Publishing
10 1 (0.25%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 81 (19.95%) Architect
2 72 (17.73%) Developer
3 45 (11.08%) Analyst
4 34 (8.37%) COBOL Developer
5 29 (7.14%) Consultant
6 26 (6.40%) Administrator
7 17 (4.19%) Technical Architect
8 15 (3.69%) Mainframe Developer
9 13 (3.20%) DBA
9 13 (3.20%) Network Architect
9 13 (3.20%) Programmer
9 13 (3.20%) Tester
10 12 (2.96%) Database Architect
11 11 (2.71%) Business Analyst
11 11 (2.71%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 10 (2.46%) Mainframe Architect
12 10 (2.46%) Solutions Architect
12 10 (2.46%) Test Analyst
13 9 (2.22%) Infrastructure Architect
13 9 (2.22%) Infrastructure Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (9.85%) Middleware
2 30 (7.39%) ISPF
3 22 (5.42%) Web Services
4 16 (3.94%) Node.js
5 15 (3.69%) .NET
6 13 (3.20%) REST
7 12 (2.96%) WebSphere MQ
8 11 (2.71%) HTML
8 11 (2.71%) RESTful
9 9 (2.22%) J2EE
9 9 (2.22%) Oracle GoldenGate
10 7 (1.72%) LDAP
10 7 (1.72%) XML
11 6 (1.48%) SOAP
12 4 (0.99%) IBM Integration Bus
12 4 (0.99%) Java EE
12 4 (0.99%) JMS
12 4 (0.99%) JSP
12 4 (0.99%) Software Packaging
12 4 (0.99%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 42 (10.34%) Data Centre
2 38 (9.36%) IBM Mainframe
3 20 (4.93%) iSeries
4 17 (4.19%) Management Information System
5 15 (3.69%) VSAM
6 11 (2.71%) Analytical Skills
6 11 (2.71%) Tandem
7 7 (1.72%) Enterprise Software
8 6 (1.48%) Client/Server
8 6 (1.48%) Enterprise Storage
8 6 (1.48%) Robotics
9 4 (0.99%) AS400
9 4 (0.99%) Online Banking
10 3 (0.74%) Life Science
10 3 (0.74%) NHS
10 3 (0.74%) PKI
10 3 (0.74%) User Experience
11 2 (0.49%) EMC VNX
11 2 (0.49%) Linux Command Line
11 2 (0.49%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 118 (29.06%) Unix
2 103 (25.37%) Windows
3 97 (23.89%) Linux
4 63 (15.52%) zOS
5 17 (4.19%) VME
6 9 (2.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 8 (1.97%) AIX
8 7 (1.72%) Windows Server
9 6 (1.48%) MVS
10 5 (1.23%) Solaris
11 4 (0.99%) Data ONTAP
12 3 (0.74%) Windows 2000
12 3 (0.74%) Windows Server 2003
12 3 (0.74%) Windows Server 2008
13 2 (0.49%) Windows NT
14 1 (0.25%) Android
14 1 (0.25%) Apple iOS
14 1 (0.25%) CentOS
14 1 (0.25%) Oracle Linux
14 1 (0.25%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 84 (20.69%) Agile Software Development
2 80 (19.70%) Migration
3 51 (12.56%) ITIL
4 48 (11.82%) DevOps
4 48 (11.82%) Stakeholder Management
5 43 (10.59%) Problem-Solving
6 28 (6.90%) Test Automation
7 23 (5.67%) Continuous Delivery
7 23 (5.67%) Continuous Integration
8 22 (5.42%) Change Management
8 22 (5.42%) Microservices
9 20 (4.93%) Project Management
9 20 (4.93%) Software Engineering
10 19 (4.68%) Test Scripting
11 17 (4.19%) Disaster Recovery
11 17 (4.19%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 17 (4.19%) Stakeholder Engagement
12 16 (3.94%) Build Automation
12 16 (3.94%) Information Security
12 16 (3.94%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 72 (17.73%) COBOL
2 65 (16.01%) JCL
3 60 (14.78%) Java
4 48 (11.82%) SQL
5 33 (8.13%) REXX
6 29 (7.14%) Python
7 21 (5.17%) Shell Script
8 17 (4.19%) Assembly Language
9 14 (3.45%) C
10 11 (2.71%) Natural
11 9 (2.22%) C#
11 9 (2.22%) JavaScript
12 8 (1.97%) C++
12 8 (1.97%) Go
12 8 (1.97%) Perl
12 8 (1.97%) Ruby
12 8 (1.97%) Scala
13 5 (1.23%) PL/SQL
13 5 (1.23%) VB.NET
14 3 (0.74%) PHP
Qualifications
1 50 (12.32%) Security Cleared
2 46 (11.33%) SC Cleared
3 10 (2.46%) CISA
3 10 (2.46%) CISM
3 10 (2.46%) CISSP
3 10 (2.46%) Degree
4 8 (1.97%) ISEB
4 8 (1.97%) ISTQB
5 4 (0.99%) ITIL Certification
6 3 (0.74%) MCSE
6 3 (0.74%) Microsoft Certification
6 3 (0.74%) PRINCE2 Certification
7 2 (0.49%) PMI Certification
7 2 (0.49%) PMP
8 1 (0.25%) CCNA
8 1 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.25%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.25%) ISEB Practitioner
8 1 (0.25%) MCP
8 1 (0.25%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (3.69%) QA
2 8 (1.97%) SLA
3 5 (1.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 3 (0.74%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.49%) GDPR
5 2 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.49%) PMO
6 1 (0.25%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.25%) SEPA
System Software
1 29 (7.14%) RACF
2 24 (5.91%) Time Sharing Option
3 15 (3.69%) ACF2
4 14 (3.45%) Active Directory
4 14 (3.45%) Docker
5 12 (2.96%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (1.23%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
6 5 (1.23%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.74%) vSphere
8 2 (0.49%) Squid
8 2 (0.49%) Varnish
9 1 (0.25%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 14 (3.45%) Kubernetes
2 13 (3.20%) Ansible
3 12 (2.96%) Opscode Chef
3 12 (2.96%) Puppet
4 6 (1.48%) CA Endevor
4 6 (1.48%) Tivoli
5 5 (1.23%) zSecure
6 4 (0.99%) Tivoli Storage Manager
7 3 (0.74%) HP ALM
7 3 (0.74%) HP Quality Center
7 3 (0.74%) OMEGAMON
8 2 (0.49%) Automic
8 2 (0.49%) CA Single Sign-On
8 2 (0.49%) vCenter Server
9 1 (0.25%) Forum Sentry
Vendors
1 91 (22.41%) IBM
2 47 (11.58%) Oracle
3 20 (4.93%) Cisco
4 18 (4.43%) EMC
4 18 (4.43%) VMware
5 17 (4.19%) NetApp
6 16 (3.94%) Microsoft
7 12 (2.96%) ICL
7 12 (2.96%) SAP
8 11 (2.71%) Citrix
8 11 (2.71%) Software AG
9 10 (2.46%) CA
10 9 (2.22%) Fujitsu
10 9 (2.22%) Google
10 9 (2.22%) HP
11 8 (1.97%) CheckPoint
11 8 (1.97%) Red Hat
11 8 (1.97%) TOWER Software
12 7 (1.72%) Syncsort
13 6 (1.48%) Remedy