Period
to 25 September 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 25 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 504 540 306
Rank change year-on-year +36 -234 +24
Contract jobs citing Mainframe 438 339 871
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.43% 0.35% 0.82%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.25% 1.01% 2.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 233 164 509
UK median daily rate £430 £430 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.12% -4.44% +5.88%
10th Percentile £292 £275 £254
90th Percentile £669 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £425 £438
% change year-on-year -5.88% -2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 9 29
UK median hourly rate £16.00 £30.00 £32.40
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -46.67% -7.41% +3.51%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.33 £28.75 £32.40
% change year-on-year -43.20% -11.27% +22.26%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 35,091 33,629 36,430
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.13% 34.23% 34.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,938 22,002 23,809
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £250
90th Percentile £650 £650 £620
UK excluding London median daily rate £418 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +4.38% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,075 1,041 1,238
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £21.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +8.11%
10th Percentile £12.25 £11.25 £11.47
90th Percentile £51.00 £48.75 £46.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £20.81
% change year-on-year - -3.87% +18.89%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor daily rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +55 392 £426 -1.02% 45
UK excluding London +2 299 £400 -5.88% 37
London +45 131 £538 +13.76% 9
South East -3 83 £358 -15.88% 10
North of England -51 75 £380 -10.59% 11
Midlands +17 46 £328 -27.09% 9
Yorkshire +3 40 £420 -16.00% 6
Scotland -31 38 £440 +1.68% 1
East of England +13 34 £438 +42.28% 3
East Midlands +24 29 £339 -33.03% 8
North West -82 26 £400 -5.27% 4
South West -6 22 £356 -32.14% 3
West Midlands -7 17 £306 -31.94% 1
North East -6 9 £295 -4.84% 1
Wales -18 1 £575 -

For the 6 months to 25 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 136 (31.05%) Finance
2 131 (29.91%) Agile Software Development
3 108 (24.66%) Unix
4 101 (23.06%) SQL
5 96 (21.92%) Banking
6 87 (19.86%) IBM
7 81 (18.49%) Java
7 81 (18.49%) DB2
8 80 (18.26%) Migration
9 77 (17.58%) Windows
10 70 (15.98%) COBOL
11 60 (13.70%) Linux
12 56 (12.79%) Oracle
12 56 (12.79%) zOS
13 54 (12.33%) CICS
14 50 (11.42%) JCL
15 48 (10.96%) Security Cleared
16 47 (10.73%) IBM Mainframe
16 47 (10.73%) Project Management
17 42 (9.59%) DevOps
18 37 (8.45%) SC Cleared
19 36 (8.22%) ITIL
20 34 (7.76%) Microsoft
20 34 (7.76%) Stakeholder Management
21 31 (7.08%) Problem-Solving
22 30 (6.85%) Analytical Skills
23 29 (6.62%) Data Centre
23 29 (6.62%) Scrum
23 29 (6.62%) Shell Script
23 29 (6.62%) WebSphere

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (12.33%) CICS
2 29 (6.62%) WebSphere
3 22 (5.02%) WebLogic
4 10 (2.28%) Confluence
5 9 (2.05%) SAS
5 9 (2.05%) SharePoint
6 7 (1.60%) Apache
7 6 (1.37%) BizTalk Server
7 6 (1.37%) IIS
8 5 (1.14%) Tomcat
9 4 (0.91%) Apache Spark
9 4 (0.91%) Gentran
9 4 (0.91%) Jetty
9 4 (0.91%) MQSeries
9 4 (0.91%) Oracle Service Bus
9 4 (0.91%) WebSphere Application Server
9 4 (0.91%) WildFly
10 3 (0.68%) JBoss
10 3 (0.68%) MS Exchange
11 1 (0.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 25 (5.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (2.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 8 (1.83%) Microsoft Office
4 7 (1.60%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (1.14%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.68%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 1 (0.23%) assyst
1 1 (0.23%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 26 (5.94%) Amazon AWS
2 13 (2.97%) Microsoft Azure
3 9 (2.05%) Cloud Computing
4 2 (0.46%) GitHub
4 2 (0.46%) IBM Cloud
4 2 (0.46%) OpenShift
4 2 (0.46%) PaaS
5 1 (0.23%) Google Cloud Platform
5 1 (0.23%) npm
5 1 (0.23%) Office 365
5 1 (0.23%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 24 (5.48%) Firewall
2 22 (5.02%) WAN
3 16 (3.65%) SAN
4 13 (2.97%) LAN
5 12 (2.74%) Internet
6 8 (1.83%) SMS
7 7 (1.60%) SSH
7 7 (1.60%) TCP/IP
8 6 (1.37%) APPN
8 6 (1.37%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
8 6 (1.37%) SNA
8 6 (1.37%) SSL
8 6 (1.37%) Wireshark
9 5 (1.14%) NAS
9 5 (1.14%) SMTP
9 5 (1.14%) SNMP
10 4 (0.91%) DNS
10 4 (0.91%) FTP
10 4 (0.91%) Network Security
10 4 (0.91%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (18.49%) DB2
2 26 (5.94%) Adabas
3 13 (2.97%) Data Warehouse
4 7 (1.60%) SQL Server
5 5 (1.14%) DataStage
5 5 (1.14%) Relational Database
6 4 (0.91%) BusinessObjects
6 4 (0.91%) GIS
6 4 (0.91%) Hadoop
6 4 (0.91%) IBM InfoSphere
6 4 (0.91%) PostgreSQL
7 3 (0.68%) MongoDB
7 3 (0.68%) MySQL
7 3 (0.68%) Oracle Reports
8 2 (0.46%) Big Data
8 2 (0.46%) Data Mining
8 2 (0.46%) PowerCenter
8 2 (0.46%) SAS Data Integration Studio
8 2 (0.46%) SAS Visual Analytics
8 2 (0.46%) Star Schema
Development Applications
1 24 (5.48%) JIRA
2 20 (4.57%) Jenkins
3 15 (3.42%) Git (software)
4 10 (2.28%) Gradle
5 6 (1.37%) GitLab
5 6 (1.37%) Selenium
6 5 (1.14%) Maven
6 5 (1.14%) Sonatype Nexus
6 5 (1.14%) Toad
7 4 (0.91%) JUnit
8 3 (0.68%) JMeter
8 3 (0.68%) LoadRunner
8 3 (0.68%) Mocha
8 3 (0.68%) Zephyr
9 2 (0.46%) Ant
9 2 (0.46%) Bitbucket
9 2 (0.46%) CA Release Automation
9 2 (0.46%) Cucumber
9 2 (0.46%) Mockito
9 2 (0.46%) SoapUI
General
1 136 (31.05%) Finance
2 96 (21.92%) Banking
3 20 (4.57%) Law
4 17 (3.88%) Financial Institution
5 11 (2.51%) Retail Banking
6 10 (2.28%) Retail
7 9 (2.05%) Back Office
8 8 (1.83%) Automotive
9 6 (1.37%) Marketing
9 6 (1.37%) Private Banking
10 5 (1.14%) Manufacturing
11 4 (0.91%) Legal
12 3 (0.68%) Front Office
12 3 (0.68%) Investment Banking
12 3 (0.68%) Publishing
13 2 (0.46%) Telecoms
14 1 (0.23%) Dutch Language
14 1 (0.23%) Games
14 1 (0.23%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 99 (22.60%) Developer
2 75 (17.12%) Analyst
3 56 (12.79%) Architect
4 45 (10.27%) Project Manager
5 29 (6.62%) COBOL Developer
6 27 (6.16%) Mainframe Developer
7 21 (4.79%) Test Analyst
8 20 (4.57%) Administrator
9 17 (3.88%) Mainframe Analyst
9 17 (3.88%) Migration Manager
9 17 (3.88%) Migration Project Manager
10 16 (3.65%) Consultant
10 16 (3.65%) IT Manager
11 15 (3.42%) Programmer
12 13 (2.97%) Data Migration Manager
12 13 (2.97%) Data Migration Project Manager
12 13 (2.97%) Technical Architect
13 12 (2.74%) Data Manager
13 12 (2.74%) Java Developer
14 11 (2.51%) IT Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 26 (5.94%) Middleware
2 20 (4.57%) Web Services
3 17 (3.88%) .NET
3 17 (3.88%) Node.js
4 16 (3.65%) J2EE
5 15 (3.42%) HTML
6 12 (2.74%) RESTful
7 11 (2.51%) ISPF
7 11 (2.51%) REST
7 11 (2.51%) XML
8 10 (2.28%) LDAP
8 10 (2.28%) SOAP
9 6 (1.37%) IBM Integration Bus
9 6 (1.37%) Software Packaging
9 6 (1.37%) WebSphere MQ
10 5 (1.14%) JSP
11 4 (0.91%) ActiveX
11 4 (0.91%) Ajax
11 4 (0.91%) EntireX
11 4 (0.91%) JDBC
Miscellaneous
1 47 (10.73%) IBM Mainframe
2 30 (6.85%) Analytical Skills
3 29 (6.62%) Data Centre
4 20 (4.57%) Management Information System
5 11 (2.51%) Client/Server
6 10 (2.28%) User Experience
7 9 (2.05%) iSeries
8 8 (1.83%) Replication
8 8 (1.83%) Robotics
9 7 (1.60%) Tandem
10 6 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
11 5 (1.14%) Computer Science
11 5 (1.14%) PKI
11 5 (1.14%) VSAM
12 4 (0.91%) CMDB
13 3 (0.68%) Algorithms
13 3 (0.68%) DataPower
13 3 (0.68%) Enterprise Storage
13 3 (0.68%) Fintech
13 3 (0.68%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 108 (24.66%) Unix
2 77 (17.58%) Windows
3 60 (13.70%) Linux
4 56 (12.79%) zOS
5 17 (3.88%) VME
6 16 (3.65%) Solaris
7 7 (1.60%) AIX
7 7 (1.60%) MVS
8 6 (1.37%) Windows Server
9 3 (0.68%) Data ONTAP
9 3 (0.68%) OS/2
9 3 (0.68%) Windows 2000
9 3 (0.68%) Windows Server 2003
9 3 (0.68%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.46%) NetWare
10 2 (0.46%) OS/390
10 2 (0.46%) Windows NT
11 1 (0.23%) HPUX
11 1 (0.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 1 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 131 (29.91%) Agile Software Development
2 80 (18.26%) Migration
3 47 (10.73%) Project Management
4 42 (9.59%) DevOps
5 36 (8.22%) ITIL
6 34 (7.76%) Stakeholder Management
7 31 (7.08%) Problem-Solving
8 29 (6.62%) Scrum
9 26 (5.94%) Microservices
10 25 (5.71%) Waterfall
11 24 (5.48%) Data Migration
11 24 (5.48%) Test Automation
12 22 (5.02%) Change Management
12 22 (5.02%) Data Analysis
12 22 (5.02%) Disaster Recovery
12 22 (5.02%) Risk Management
13 21 (4.79%) TDD
14 19 (4.34%) Process Improvement
14 19 (4.34%) Workflow
15 18 (4.11%) Data Mapping
Programming Languages
1 101 (23.06%) SQL
2 81 (18.49%) Java
3 70 (15.98%) COBOL
4 50 (11.42%) JCL
5 29 (6.62%) Shell Script
6 26 (5.94%) Perl
7 25 (5.71%) C#
8 20 (4.57%) REXX
9 18 (4.11%) Assembly Language
9 18 (4.11%) JavaScript
10 17 (3.88%) Python
11 16 (3.65%) PL/SQL
12 15 (3.42%) Natural
13 13 (2.97%) C
14 10 (2.28%) PHP
15 8 (1.83%) Scala
16 6 (1.37%) VB.NET
17 5 (1.14%) C++
17 5 (1.14%) Groovy
17 5 (1.14%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 48 (10.96%) Security Cleared
2 37 (8.45%) SC Cleared
3 18 (4.11%) ISTQB
4 15 (3.42%) ISEB
5 10 (2.28%) Degree
6 7 (1.60%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 6 (1.37%) PMI Certification
8 5 (1.14%) CISM
9 4 (0.91%) PMP
9 4 (0.91%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 3 (0.68%) DV Cleared
10 3 (0.68%) MCSE
10 3 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.46%) CCNA
11 2 (0.46%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.46%) CISSP
11 2 (0.46%) ISEB Practitioner
11 2 (0.46%) ITIL Certification
12 1 (0.23%) CISA
12 1 (0.23%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (4.34%) Data Quality
2 14 (3.20%) QA
2 14 (3.20%) SLA
3 13 (2.97%) PMO
4 8 (1.83%) GDPR
5 5 (1.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 3 (0.68%) ISO 22301
7 1 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.23%) SEPA
System Software
1 25 (5.71%) Active Directory
2 24 (5.48%) RACF
3 22 (5.02%) Docker
4 16 (3.65%) Time Sharing Option
5 5 (1.14%) ACF2
5 5 (1.14%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.68%) Job Entry Subsystem
7 2 (0.46%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
8 1 (0.23%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.23%) HDFS
8 1 (0.23%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.23%) KVM
8 1 (0.23%) NFS
8 1 (0.23%) SRDF
8 1 (0.23%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 1 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.23%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.23%) Xen
Systems Management
1 17 (3.88%) Kubernetes
2 9 (2.05%) OMEGAMON
3 8 (1.83%) Ansible
3 8 (1.83%) zSecure
4 4 (0.91%) CA Single Sign-On
4 4 (0.91%) Tivoli
4 4 (0.91%) Tivoli Storage Manager
5 3 (0.68%) Control-M
5 3 (0.68%) HP ALM
5 3 (0.68%) HP Quality Center
5 3 (0.68%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (0.46%) Automic
6 2 (0.46%) CA Endevor
6 2 (0.46%) Puppet
7 1 (0.23%) Grafana
7 1 (0.23%) NetBackup
7 1 (0.23%) Oozie
7 1 (0.23%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 1 (0.23%) Terraform
Vendors
1 87 (19.86%) IBM
2 56 (12.79%) Oracle
3 34 (7.76%) Microsoft
4 25 (5.71%) Software AG
5 19 (4.34%) CA
6 18 (4.11%) Automation Anywhere
7 16 (3.65%) UiPath
8 15 (3.42%) Cisco
8 15 (3.42%) Remedy
9 14 (3.20%) VMware
10 13 (2.97%) webMethods
11 12 (2.74%) Blue Prism
11 12 (2.74%) Unisys
12 11 (2.51%) SAP
13 9 (2.05%) Citrix
14 8 (1.83%) BMC
14 8 (1.83%) CheckPoint
15 7 (1.60%) HP
16 6 (1.37%) BEA
17 5 (1.14%) ServiceNow