Period
to 19 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 19 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

COBOL
UK
6 months to
19 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 765 777 821
Rank change year-on-year +12 +44 -181
Contract jobs citing COBOL 77 118 65
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.087% 0.11% 0.066%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.21% 0.26% 0.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 42 70 29
UK median daily rate £375 £350 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.14% -6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £258 £250 £269
90th Percentile £676 £503 £491
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £350 £372
% change year-on-year +22.86% -5.91% +13.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 4
UK median hourly rate £37.50 £35.00 £31.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.14% +11.11% +10.53%
10th Percentile £36.25 £35.00 £26.65
90th Percentile £38.75 £35.00 £35.85
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £35.00 £28.50
% change year-on-year +7.14% +22.81% -

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 37,374 45,816 41,330
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.07% 44.45% 41.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,887 32,226 28,480
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £320 £313 £305
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 671 730 783
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £41.52 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.99% +3.79% +6.67%
10th Percentile £20.23 £16.97 £15.79
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.57% +5.00% +6.67%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing COBOL.

Contractor daily rate trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL over the 6 months to 19 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 6 months to 19 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +41 74 £375 +7.14% 13
UK excluding London +10 64 £430 +22.86% 10
North of England +23 39 £495 +41.43% 7
North East +29 21 £495 +23.75% 4
South East +25 15 £265 -21.48%
Yorkshire +21 9 £450 +38.46%
North West +5 9 £525 +40.00% 3
London +40 8 £375 -6.25% 3
Midlands +20 6 £525 +46.85% 1
West Midlands +28 5 £725 +137.70%
East of England +26 3 £375 -7.98%
Scotland +34 1 - -
East Midlands +18 1 £325 -23.53% 1

For the 6 months to 19 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 25 (32.47%) VME
2 24 (31.17%) Mainframe
3 22 (28.57%) DB2
4 21 (27.27%) CICS
5 20 (25.97%) JCL
6 19 (24.68%) IBM
7 15 (19.48%) Oracle
7 15 (19.48%) Java
7 15 (19.48%) SQL
8 12 (15.58%) VSAM
8 12 (15.58%) Git (software)
9 11 (14.29%) Oracle Database
9 11 (14.29%) Linux
10 10 (12.99%) Micro Focus
10 10 (12.99%) Thought Leadership
11 9 (11.69%) Migration
11 9 (11.69%) Agile Software Development
12 8 (10.39%) Finance
12 8 (10.39%) Problem-Solving
13 7 (9.09%) Scrum
13 7 (9.09%) Oracle Forms
13 7 (9.09%) PL/SQL
13 7 (9.09%) Unix
13 7 (9.09%) Python
14 6 (7.79%) CA
14 6 (7.79%) MVS
14 6 (7.79%) Banking
14 6 (7.79%) Retail
14 6 (7.79%) GitLab
15 5 (6.49%) PrimeFaces

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (27.27%) CICS
2 5 (6.49%) SAS
3 4 (5.19%) Tuxedo
4 2 (2.60%) Confluence
5 1 (1.30%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 2 (2.60%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (1.30%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 3 (3.90%) GCP
2 1 (1.30%) AWS
Communications & Networking
1 1 (1.30%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (28.57%) DB2
2 11 (14.29%) Oracle Database
3 5 (6.49%) Adabas
3 5 (6.49%) Oracle Database 10g
4 2 (2.60%) Oracle Reports
4 2 (2.60%) Relational Database
5 1 (1.30%) Data Lake
5 1 (1.30%) Easytrieve
5 1 (1.30%) IDMS
Development Applications
1 12 (15.58%) Git (software)
2 7 (9.09%) Oracle Forms
3 6 (7.79%) GitLab
4 5 (6.49%) Maven
5 3 (3.90%) Jenkins
5 3 (3.90%) JIRA
5 3 (3.90%) Sonatype Nexus
6 2 (2.60%) Team Foundation Server
7 1 (1.30%) Eclipse
7 1 (1.30%) Visual Studio
General
1 8 (10.39%) Finance
2 6 (7.79%) Banking
2 6 (7.79%) Retail
3 3 (3.90%) Public Sector
4 2 (2.60%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 30 (38.96%) Developer
2 23 (29.87%) COBOL Developer
3 11 (14.29%) Architect
4 6 (7.79%) Consultant
4 6 (7.79%) Technical Architect
5 4 (5.19%) CICS Engineer
5 4 (5.19%) Java Developer
5 4 (5.19%) Mainframe Developer
5 4 (5.19%) Solutions Architect
5 4 (5.19%) Systems Engineer
5 4 (5.19%) Technical Engineer
6 3 (3.90%) Administrator
6 3 (3.90%) Java Engineer
6 3 (3.90%) Programmer
6 3 (3.90%) Support Technician
6 3 (3.90%) Systems Administrator
6 3 (3.90%) Tester
7 2 (2.60%) Analyst
7 2 (2.60%) Software Engineer
7 2 (2.60%) Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5 (6.49%) Hibernate
1 5 (6.49%) Java EE
1 5 (6.49%) Java SE
1 5 (6.49%) JPA
1 5 (6.49%) JSF
1 5 (6.49%) PrimeFaces
2 4 (5.19%) RESTful
3 3 (3.90%) JSON
3 3 (3.90%) Kafka
3 3 (3.90%) Middleware
3 3 (3.90%) OAuth
3 3 (3.90%) SAML
3 3 (3.90%) Spring
3 3 (3.90%) Spring Boot
4 2 (2.60%) .NET
5 1 (1.30%) AngularJS
5 1 (1.30%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 24 (31.17%) Mainframe
2 12 (15.58%) VSAM
3 5 (6.49%) Analytical Skills
3 5 (6.49%) FMCG
4 3 (3.90%) Virtual Team
5 2 (2.60%) Self-Motivation
6 1 (1.30%) IBM Mainframe
6 1 (1.30%) Online Banking
Operating Systems
1 25 (32.47%) VME
2 11 (14.29%) Linux
3 7 (9.09%) Unix
4 6 (7.79%) MVS
5 5 (6.49%) HPUX
5 5 (6.49%) Mac OS
5 5 (6.49%) zOS
6 4 (5.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (1.30%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 10 (12.99%) Thought Leadership
2 9 (11.69%) Agile Software Development
2 9 (11.69%) Migration
3 8 (10.39%) Problem-Solving
4 7 (9.09%) Scrum
5 5 (6.49%) Collaborative Working
5 5 (6.49%) IT Strategy
5 5 (6.49%) Software Engineering
5 5 (6.49%) Unit Testing
6 4 (5.19%) Business Intelligence
6 4 (5.19%) Configuration Management
6 4 (5.19%) Data Modelling
6 4 (5.19%) Decision-Making
6 4 (5.19%) DevOps
6 4 (5.19%) Disaster Recovery
6 4 (5.19%) E-Commerce
6 4 (5.19%) Problem Management
6 4 (5.19%) Process Improvement
6 4 (5.19%) Test Strategy
7 3 (3.90%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 20 (25.97%) JCL
2 15 (19.48%) Java
2 15 (19.48%) SQL
3 7 (9.09%) PL/SQL
3 7 (9.09%) Python
4 5 (6.49%) Assembly Language
5 4 (5.19%) C
5 4 (5.19%) Natural
6 2 (2.60%) PHP
7 1 (1.30%) ActionScript
7 1 (1.30%) ActionScript 2.0
7 1 (1.30%) Java 8
7 1 (1.30%) JavaScript
7 1 (1.30%) Perl
7 1 (1.30%) Ruby
7 1 (1.30%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 3 (3.90%) Security Cleared
2 2 (2.60%) BPSS Clearance
2 2 (2.60%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (1.30%) QA
System Software
1 5 (6.49%) RACF
2 3 (3.90%) Docker
2 3 (3.90%) OpenAM
2 3 (3.90%) OpenDJ
2 3 (3.90%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 5 (6.49%) OMEGAMON
1 5 (6.49%) Tivoli
2 3 (3.90%) Kubernetes
2 3 (3.90%) MAINVIEW
2 3 (3.90%) Puppet
2 3 (3.90%) Single Sign-On
3 1 (1.30%) CA Endevor
3 1 (1.30%) Control-M
3 1 (1.30%) Data Guard
3 1 (1.30%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
3 1 (1.30%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 19 (24.68%) IBM
2 15 (19.48%) Oracle
3 10 (12.99%) Micro Focus
4 6 (7.79%) CA
5 4 (5.19%) ICL
5 4 (5.19%) Microsoft
5 4 (5.19%) Red Hat
6 3 (3.90%) ForgeRock
6 3 (3.90%) MuleSoft
7 2 (2.60%) HP
7 2 (2.60%) PlateSpin
8 1 (1.30%) Compuware
8 1 (1.30%) Remedy