The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 3 months to 22 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

COBOL
UK
3 months to
22 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 581 489 472
Rank change year-on-year -92 -17  
Contract jobs citing COBOL 34 156 172
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.073% 0.29% 0.31%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.17% 0.75% 0.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 18 83 106
Median daily rate £388 £375 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% -  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £288 £240 £156
10% offered a daily rate of more than £479 £525 £450
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £370
% change year-on-year - +1.35%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 8 1
Median hourly rate £31.50 £25.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.00% -44.44%  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.00 £25.00 -
% change year-on-year +28.00% -  

COBOL is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills.

Contract Programming Language Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 19697 20912 21353
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 42.02% 38.78% 37.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 13450 14393 14265
Median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £320 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 397 449 441
Median hourly rate £42.00 £37.50 £35.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.00% +5.63%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £21.20 £14.95 £19.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.55 £48.50 £50.65
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £37.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +14.86% +2.77%  

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing COBOL as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Programming Languages category.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing COBOL.

Contractor daily rate trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL over the 3 months to 22 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Top 26 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 3 months to 22 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -69 32 £400 +8.47% 5
London -9 13 £450 +16.12%
South East +18 7 £372 +14.46%
North West -35 7 £400 -4.76% 2
Manchester +16 6 £400 -
Hampshire - 6 £372 -
Havant - 3 £416 -
Yorkshire +26 2 - - 1
East of England -10 2 £325 +27.45%
Portsmouth - 2 £385 -
Sheffield - 2 - - 1
South Yorkshire - 2 - - 1
Scotland +29 1 £375 +30.43% 1
Cheshire +21 1 £400 +23.07% 2
West Midlands +20 1 - -
Knutsford +3 1 £400 +14.28% 1
City of London +1 1 - -
Essex -23 1 - -
Hertfordshire - 1 £325 -
Berkshire - 1 - -
Welwyn Garden City - 1 £325 -
Stockport - 1 - -
Southampton - 1 £338 -
Romford - 1 - -
Edinburgh - 1 £375 - 1
Bracknell - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 22 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 49 (55.06%) Mainframe
2 43 (48.31%) DB2
3 26 (29.21%) SQL
3 26 (29.21%) CICS
4 22 (24.72%) JCL
5 19 (21.35%) Finance
5 19 (21.35%) Java
6 18 (20.22%) Oracle
7 16 (17.98%) IBM
8 15 (16.85%) IBM Mainframe
9 14 (15.73%) ITIL
10 13 (14.61%) Agile Software Development
10 13 (14.61%) Banking
10 13 (14.61%) Analytical Skills
11 12 (13.48%) Linux
12 11 (12.36%) .NET
12 11 (12.36%) ITSM
13 10 (11.24%) Micro Focus
13 10 (11.24%) C#
13 10 (11.24%) Web Services
13 10 (11.24%) Microsoft
14 9 (10.11%) HP
14 9 (10.11%) Service Management
14 9 (10.11%) Migration
15 8 (8.99%) XML
15 8 (8.99%) Data Management
15 8 (8.99%) VSAM
15 8 (8.99%) Unit Testing
16 7 (7.87%) Test Automation
16 7 (7.87%) Unix

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (29.21%) CICS
2 6 (6.74%) Tuxedo
2 6 (6.74%) WebLogic
3 1 (1.12%) Apache Solr
3 1 (1.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 7 (7.87%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (4.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (3.37%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (1.12%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (1.12%) Dynamics AX
1 1 (1.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
Communications & Networking
1 2 (2.25%) Network Security
1 2 (2.25%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (48.31%) DB2
2 4 (4.49%) Big Data
2 4 (4.49%) Data Warehouse
2 4 (4.49%) Hadoop
2 4 (4.49%) Relational Database
3 3 (3.37%) BusinessObjects
3 3 (3.37%) Oracle Database
3 3 (3.37%) Oracle Reports
3 3 (3.37%) Pentaho
4 2 (2.25%) DataStage
4 2 (2.25%) RDBMS
5 1 (1.12%) Adabas
5 1 (1.12%) Apache Cassandra
5 1 (1.12%) Data Lake
5 1 (1.12%) Essbase
5 1 (1.12%) MS Access
5 1 (1.12%) OLAP
5 1 (1.12%) OLTP
5 1 (1.12%) Oracle OLAP
5 1 (1.12%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 3 (3.37%) HP UFT
1 3 (3.37%) Toad
2 2 (2.25%) ChangeMan
2 2 (2.25%) Visual Studio
3 1 (1.12%) Ant
3 1 (1.12%) Artifactory
3 1 (1.12%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 1 (1.12%) Bitbucket
3 1 (1.12%) Dreamweaver
3 1 (1.12%) Eclipse
3 1 (1.12%) ERwin
3 1 (1.12%) IBM UrbanCode
3 1 (1.12%) Jenkins
3 1 (1.12%) JIRA
3 1 (1.12%) MagicDraw
3 1 (1.12%) Maven
3 1 (1.12%) PowerBuilder
3 1 (1.12%) Selenium
3 1 (1.12%) Synon
3 1 (1.12%) TeamCity
General
1 19 (21.35%) Finance
2 13 (14.61%) Banking
3 4 (4.49%) Telecoms
4 3 (3.37%) Billing
4 3 (3.37%) Manufacturing
4 3 (3.37%) Retail
5 1 (1.12%) Danish Language
5 1 (1.12%) Electronics
5 1 (1.12%) Marketing
5 1 (1.12%) Retail Banking
5 1 (1.12%) Swedish Language
5 1 (1.12%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 38 (42.70%) Developer
2 26 (29.21%) COBOL Developer
3 21 (23.60%) Analyst
4 10 (11.24%) Test Analyst
5 7 (7.87%) Mainframe Analyst
5 7 (7.87%) Programmer
6 5 (5.62%) Architect
6 5 (5.62%) COBOL Analyst
6 5 (5.62%) Consultant
6 5 (5.62%) Mainframe Test Analyst
6 5 (5.62%) Operations Engineer
6 5 (5.62%) Senior Operations Engineer
7 4 (4.49%) Analyst Programmer
7 4 (4.49%) Mainframe Developer
7 4 (4.49%) Technical Analyst
8 3 (3.37%) Applications Developer
8 3 (3.37%) Business Analyst
8 3 (3.37%) Senior Analyst
8 3 (3.37%) Solutions Architect
8 3 (3.37%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 11 (12.36%) .NET
2 10 (11.24%) Web Services
3 8 (8.99%) XML
4 5 (5.62%) ASP.NET
5 4 (4.49%) .NET Framework
6 3 (3.37%) ISPF
6 3 (3.37%) J2EE
7 2 (2.25%) Java EE
7 2 (2.25%) RESTful
8 1 (1.12%) ASP.NET MVC
8 1 (1.12%) CSS3
8 1 (1.12%) EJB
8 1 (1.12%) HTML
8 1 (1.12%) HTML5
8 1 (1.12%) jQuery
8 1 (1.12%) JSON
8 1 (1.12%) Lucene
8 1 (1.12%) REST
8 1 (1.12%) Spring
8 1 (1.12%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 49 (55.06%) Mainframe
2 15 (16.85%) IBM Mainframe
3 13 (14.61%) Analytical Skills
4 8 (8.99%) VSAM
5 4 (4.49%) Reference Data
6 3 (3.37%) Computer Science
7 2 (2.25%) Blackberry
7 2 (2.25%) Client/Server
7 2 (2.25%) Data Centre
7 2 (2.25%) Management Information System
8 1 (1.12%) Data Structures
8 1 (1.12%) Enterprise Software
8 1 (1.12%) iSeries
8 1 (1.12%) Mobile Banking
8 1 (1.12%) Taxonomies
8 1 (1.12%) User Experience
8 1 (1.12%) VAX
Operating Systems
1 12 (13.48%) Linux
2 7 (7.87%) Unix
3 6 (6.74%) VME
4 5 (5.62%) Windows
5 3 (3.37%) OS/390
6 2 (2.25%) Android
6 2 (2.25%) Apple iOS
6 2 (2.25%) Mac OS X
7 1 (1.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (1.12%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 14 (15.73%) ITIL
2 13 (14.61%) Agile Software Development
3 11 (12.36%) ITSM
4 9 (10.11%) Migration
4 9 (10.11%) Service Management
5 8 (8.99%) Data Management
5 8 (8.99%) Unit Testing
6 7 (7.87%) Test Automation
7 6 (6.74%) Change Management
7 6 (6.74%) DevOps
7 6 (6.74%) ETL
8 5 (5.62%) Business Intelligence
8 5 (5.62%) Functional Testing
9 4 (4.49%) Defect Management
9 4 (4.49%) Integration Testing
9 4 (4.49%) Manual Testing
9 4 (4.49%) Mentoring
9 4 (4.49%) Problem Management
9 4 (4.49%) SOA
9 4 (4.49%) Test Scripting
Programming Languages
1 26 (29.21%) SQL
2 22 (24.72%) JCL
3 19 (21.35%) Java
4 10 (11.24%) C#
5 5 (5.62%) Assembly Language
6 4 (4.49%) R
7 3 (3.37%) JavaScript
7 3 (3.37%) REXX
7 3 (3.37%) VB
8 2 (2.25%) C
8 2 (2.25%) C++
8 2 (2.25%) Perl
8 2 (2.25%) PHP
8 2 (2.25%) Python
8 2 (2.25%) Ruby
9 1 (1.12%) LINC
9 1 (1.12%) PL/1
9 1 (1.12%) RPG
9 1 (1.12%) SPARQL
9 1 (1.12%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 4 (4.49%) Degree
2 2 (2.25%) Security Cleared
3 1 (1.12%) BPSS Clearance
3 1 (1.12%) Computer Science Degree
3 1 (1.12%) CTC Cleared
3 1 (1.12%) ISTQB
3 1 (1.12%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (4.49%) QA
2 1 (1.12%) Data Quality
2 1 (1.12%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 4 (4.49%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 4 (4.49%) HP Quality Center
2 1 (1.12%) CA Endevor
Vendors
1 18 (20.22%) Oracle
2 16 (17.98%) IBM
3 10 (11.24%) Micro Focus
3 10 (11.24%) Microsoft
4 9 (10.11%) HP
5 7 (7.87%) Informatica
6 4 (4.49%) SAP
6 4 (4.49%) ServiceNow
7 3 (3.37%) Ab Initio
7 3 (3.37%) hybris
7 3 (3.37%) Teradata
7 3 (3.37%) Unisys
8 2 (2.25%) Fujitsu
8 2 (2.25%) ICL
8 2 (2.25%) Synopsys
8 2 (2.25%) TIBCO
9 1 (1.12%) JD Edwards
9 1 (1.12%) Remedy
9 1 (1.12%) Solace
Leicester, Leicestershire
Uniting Ambition
Rate: Market related
Posted: 6 hours ago