Period
to 21 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 21 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

COBOL
UK
6 months to
21 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 798 666 632
Rank change year-on-year -132 -34 +60
Contract jobs citing COBOL 79 220 258
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.077% 0.21% 0.23%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.18% 0.52% 0.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 38 130 138
UK median daily rate £400 £400 £386
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.06% +3.62% +10.36%
10th Percentile £269 £250 £190
90th Percentile £516 £525 £527
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £350 £350
% change year-on-year +10.71% - +6.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 7 3
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £36.00 £26.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -30.56% +35.85% -24.29%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £36.00 £26.50
% change year-on-year -30.56% +35.85% -24.29%

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43314 42222 43547
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.00% 40.32% 38.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 30261 28989 29461
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £308 £281 £269
90th Percentile £638 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £369
% change year-on-year +6.67% +1.76% +5.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 805 881 1045
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +0.13% +20.81%
10th Percentile £16.18 £14.34 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +19.05%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing COBOL.

Contractor daily rate trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL over the 6 months to 21 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 6 months to 21 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -127 71 £400 -0.06% 9
UK excluding London -83 59 £388 +10.71% 12
North of England 0 28 £400 -4.76% 7
London -47 19 £438 -6.91%
North West -35 11 £475 +13.10% 5
Yorkshire +25 10 £366 -14.73% 2
Midlands -2 10 £325 -0.76%
South East -13 9 £375 +25.00% 1
North East +68 7 £360 -12.73%
West Midlands +10 7 £353 +11.73%
Scotland -1 6 - - 3
East of England -24 4 £375 +47.06%
East Midlands -10 3 £325 -7.14%
South West -10 1 £300 -38.30% 1
Northern Ireland - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 21 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 32 (40.51%) Mainframe
2 31 (39.24%) SQL
3 26 (32.91%) DB2
4 25 (31.65%) Java
5 23 (29.11%) Oracle
5 23 (29.11%) CICS
6 21 (26.58%) Unix
7 20 (25.32%) JCL
8 19 (24.05%) Finance
9 16 (20.25%) Banking
9 16 (20.25%) Agile Software Development
10 14 (17.72%) IBM Mainframe
10 14 (17.72%) IBM
11 13 (16.46%) .NET
11 13 (16.46%) Linux
11 13 (16.46%) Analytical Skills
12 11 (13.92%) Windows
13 9 (11.39%) PL/SQL
13 9 (11.39%) C
14 8 (10.13%) Web Services
14 8 (10.13%) Tomcat
14 8 (10.13%) Micro Focus
14 8 (10.13%) Oracle Database
14 8 (10.13%) Relational Database
15 7 (8.86%) Shell Script
15 7 (8.86%) Python
15 7 (8.86%) C#
15 7 (8.86%) C++
15 7 (8.86%) User Acceptance Testing
16 6 (7.59%) Apache Cassandra

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (29.11%) CICS
2 8 (10.13%) Tomcat
3 6 (7.59%) Tuxedo
4 4 (5.06%) Apache
5 3 (3.80%) JBoss
5 3 (3.80%) TPMS
6 2 (2.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 2 (2.53%) Apache Pig
6 2 (2.53%) Oracle HTTP Server
6 2 (2.53%) Oracle Service Bus
6 2 (2.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 2 (2.53%) WebLogic
7 1 (1.27%) IIS
7 1 (1.27%) SharePoint
7 1 (1.27%) WebSphere
7 1 (1.27%) WildFly
Business Applications
1 2 (2.53%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (1.27%) BASE24
Cloud Services
1 3 (3.80%) GitHub
2 1 (1.27%) Amazon AWS
2 1 (1.27%) Bluemix
2 1 (1.27%) IBM Cloud
2 1 (1.27%) Microsoft Azure
2 1 (1.27%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 4 (5.06%) Network Security
2 2 (2.53%) HTTP
2 2 (2.53%) SMS
2 2 (2.53%) SSL
3 1 (1.27%) ATM
3 1 (1.27%) Firewall
3 1 (1.27%) FTP
3 1 (1.27%) Intranet
3 1 (1.27%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (32.91%) DB2
2 8 (10.13%) Oracle Database
2 8 (10.13%) Relational Database
3 6 (7.59%) Apache Cassandra
3 6 (7.59%) SQL Server
4 3 (3.80%) Big Data
4 3 (3.80%) Data Warehouse
4 3 (3.80%) Hadoop
4 3 (3.80%) IDMS
5 2 (2.53%) Adabas
5 2 (2.53%) Apache Hive
5 2 (2.53%) Cloudera CDH
5 2 (2.53%) HBase
5 2 (2.53%) Impala
5 2 (2.53%) OLTP
5 2 (2.53%) Oracle ODI
5 2 (2.53%) Oracle Reports
5 2 (2.53%) RDBMS
5 2 (2.53%) SQLite
5 2 (2.53%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 3 (3.80%) HP UFT
1 3 (3.80%) Toad
2 2 (2.53%) Artifactory
2 2 (2.53%) Dreamweaver
2 2 (2.53%) Eclipse
2 2 (2.53%) GoCD
2 2 (2.53%) Jenkins
2 2 (2.53%) NuGet
2 2 (2.53%) Oracle Forms
2 2 (2.53%) TeamCity
2 2 (2.53%) Visual Studio
3 1 (1.27%) Ant
3 1 (1.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 1 (1.27%) Bitbucket
3 1 (1.27%) Gradle
3 1 (1.27%) JIRA
3 1 (1.27%) jspm
3 1 (1.27%) Maven
3 1 (1.27%) Team Foundation Server
3 1 (1.27%) webpack
General
1 19 (24.05%) Finance
2 16 (20.25%) Banking
3 2 (2.53%) Billing
3 2 (2.53%) Swedish Language
4 1 (1.27%) Back Office
4 1 (1.27%) Danish Language
4 1 (1.27%) Front Office
4 1 (1.27%) Investment Banking
4 1 (1.27%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 23 (29.11%) Developer
2 18 (22.78%) Analyst
3 12 (15.19%) COBOL Developer
3 12 (15.19%) Consultant
4 7 (8.86%) COBOL Analyst
4 7 (8.86%) Mainframe Analyst
5 5 (6.33%) Architect
5 5 (6.33%) Mainframe Test Analyst
5 5 (6.33%) Technical Leader
5 5 (6.33%) Test Analyst
5 5 (6.33%) Tester
6 4 (5.06%) Mainframe Developer
6 4 (5.06%) Mainframe Tester
6 4 (5.06%) SQL Analyst
7 3 (3.80%) Administrator
7 3 (3.80%) Analyst Developer
7 3 (3.80%) COBOL Consultant
7 3 (3.80%) Migration Consultant
7 3 (3.80%) Oracle Consultant
7 3 (3.80%) SQL Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (16.46%) .NET
2 8 (10.13%) Web Services
3 5 (6.33%) RabbitMQ
4 4 (5.06%) XML
5 3 (3.80%) .NET Framework
5 3 (3.80%) CSS
5 3 (3.80%) HTML
5 3 (3.80%) ISPF
5 3 (3.80%) JSON
5 3 (3.80%) Node.js
5 3 (3.80%) RESTful
6 2 (2.53%) ASP.NET
6 2 (2.53%) HTML5
6 2 (2.53%) Java EE
6 2 (2.53%) Oracle GoldenGate
6 2 (2.53%) PySpark
6 2 (2.53%) scikit-learn
6 2 (2.53%) Spring
6 2 (2.53%) WCF
6 2 (2.53%) WebCenter
Miscellaneous
1 32 (40.51%) Mainframe
2 14 (17.72%) IBM Mainframe
3 13 (16.46%) Analytical Skills
4 5 (6.33%) User Experience
4 5 (6.33%) VSAM
5 2 (2.53%) Blackberry
5 2 (2.53%) CESG
5 2 (2.53%) DataPower
5 2 (2.53%) Management Information System
6 1 (1.27%) Algorithms
6 1 (1.27%) AS400
6 1 (1.27%) Cyber Attack
6 1 (1.27%) Greenfield Project
6 1 (1.27%) Mobile Banking
6 1 (1.27%) N-Tier
6 1 (1.27%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 21 (26.58%) Unix
2 13 (16.46%) Linux
3 11 (13.92%) Windows
4 4 (5.06%) Android
4 4 (5.06%) Apple iOS
4 4 (5.06%) zOS
5 3 (3.80%) OpenVMS
5 3 (3.80%) OS/390
5 3 (3.80%) VME
6 2 (2.53%) Mac OS X
6 2 (2.53%) SUSE
7 1 (1.27%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 16 (20.25%) Agile Software Development
2 7 (8.86%) User Acceptance Testing
3 6 (7.59%) Migration
3 6 (7.59%) Project Management
4 5 (6.33%) Change Management
4 5 (6.33%) Refactoring
4 5 (6.33%) SOA
4 5 (6.33%) Stakeholder Management
5 4 (5.06%) Defect Management
5 4 (5.06%) Scrum
6 3 (3.80%) Change Control
6 3 (3.80%) Configuration Management
6 3 (3.80%) MVC
6 3 (3.80%) Penetration Testing
6 3 (3.80%) Reverse Engineering
6 3 (3.80%) Software Engineering
6 3 (3.80%) TDD
6 3 (3.80%) Test Automation
6 3 (3.80%) Test Strategy
7 2 (2.53%) Knowledge Management
Programming Languages
1 31 (39.24%) SQL
2 25 (31.65%) Java
3 20 (25.32%) JCL
4 9 (11.39%) C
4 9 (11.39%) PL/SQL
5 7 (8.86%) C#
5 7 (8.86%) C++
5 7 (8.86%) Python
5 7 (8.86%) Shell Script
6 6 (7.59%) JavaScript
7 4 (5.06%) Assembly Language
7 4 (5.06%) REXX
8 3 (3.80%) Fortran
8 3 (3.80%) Pascal
8 3 (3.80%) Perl
8 3 (3.80%) PHP
8 3 (3.80%) Ruby
9 2 (2.53%) Korn
9 2 (2.53%) Scala
9 2 (2.53%) VB6
Qualifications
1 3 (3.80%) Security Cleared
2 1 (1.27%) CESG Certified Professional
2 1 (1.27%) CISMP
2 1 (1.27%) CISSP
2 1 (1.27%) CTC Cleared
2 1 (1.27%) GCED
2 1 (1.27%) GCFA
2 1 (1.27%) GCIA
2 1 (1.27%) GCIH
2 1 (1.27%) GIAC
2 1 (1.27%) GREM
2 1 (1.27%) GSEC
2 1 (1.27%) IISP
2 1 (1.27%) ISTQB
2 1 (1.27%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (3.80%) QA
2 2 (2.53%) Data Quality
3 1 (1.27%) CESG Infosec
3 1 (1.27%) HMG Security Policy Framework
3 1 (1.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (1.27%) PMO
System Software
1 4 (5.06%) Time Sharing Option
2 2 (2.53%) Apache Flume
2 2 (2.53%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 2 (2.53%) Docker
2 2 (2.53%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 3 (3.80%) Puppet
2 2 (2.53%) CA Endevor
2 2 (2.53%) Control-M
2 2 (2.53%) Data Guard
2 2 (2.53%) Hadoop YARN
2 2 (2.53%) Oozie
3 1 (1.27%) Ansible
3 1 (1.27%) HP Quality Center
3 1 (1.27%) IBM BigFix
3 1 (1.27%) Kubernetes
3 1 (1.27%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 23 (29.11%) Oracle
2 14 (17.72%) IBM
3 8 (10.13%) Micro Focus
4 4 (5.06%) HP
5 3 (3.80%) Fujitsu
5 3 (3.80%) hybris
6 2 (2.53%) Adobe
6 2 (2.53%) Cloudera
6 2 (2.53%) Hyperion
6 2 (2.53%) Palantir
6 2 (2.53%) Planview
6 2 (2.53%) SaltStack
6 2 (2.53%) ServiceNow
6 2 (2.53%) Synopsys
7 1 (1.27%) Ab Initio
7 1 (1.27%) Microsoft
7 1 (1.27%) Solace