Period
to 19 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 19 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

COBOL
UK
6 months to
19 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 788 661 639
Rank change year-on-year -127 -22 -9
Contract jobs citing COBOL 81 169 261
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.080% 0.18% 0.24%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.19% 0.44% 0.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 40 108 153
UK median daily rate £400 £381 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.92% +1.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £273 £279 £260
90th Percentile £603 £575 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £365 £375
% change year-on-year +13.01% -2.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 12 8
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £26.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -4.76% -33.54%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £26.00
% change year-on-year - -3.85% -34.18%

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,270 38,412 41,597
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.97% 40.64% 38.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,711 26,411 28,316
UK median daily rate £455 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.06% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £310 £288 £275
90th Percentile £638 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £380 £375
% change year-on-year +5.26% +1.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 777 856 1,056
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +13.64%
10th Percentile £16.69 £14.93 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £52.36
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +11.94%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing COBOL.

Contractor daily rate trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL over the 6 months to 19 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 6 months to 19 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
UK excluding London -49 72 £413 +13.01% 17
England -104 69 £400 +3.23% 16
North of England +22 37 £475 +18.68% 4
North West +4 21 £530 +21.49% 4
South East -13 15 £375 +25.00% 5
Yorkshire +9 12 £425 -0.53%
Midlands -28 10 £325 -2.62% 2
Scotland -16 8 £475 +26.67% 2
London -78 6 £300 -35.48%
West Midlands -13 5 £353 +11.73%
North East +31 4 £400 +8.47%
East Midlands -6 4 £325 -15.03% 2
South West +8 1 £300 -7.34% 2
Northern Ireland - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 19 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 34 (41.98%) Mainframe
2 31 (38.27%) Java
3 21 (25.93%) Agile Software Development
4 20 (24.69%) SQL
4 20 (24.69%) IBM
5 18 (22.22%) DB2
6 17 (20.99%) JCL
7 16 (19.75%) Oracle
7 16 (19.75%) JSON
7 16 (19.75%) Analytical Skills
8 14 (17.28%) Unix
8 14 (17.28%) CICS
9 12 (14.81%) Node.js
9 12 (14.81%) IBM Mainframe
10 11 (13.58%) Banking
10 11 (13.58%) Finance
10 11 (13.58%) Stakeholder Management
10 11 (13.58%) Python
10 11 (13.58%) C
10 11 (13.58%) C++
11 10 (12.35%) Information Security
11 10 (12.35%) CESG
11 10 (12.35%) Open Source
11 10 (12.35%) Data Protection
12 9 (11.11%) Digital Forensics
12 9 (11.11%) Malware Analysis
12 9 (11.11%) Vulnerability Management
12 9 (11.11%) Cybersecurity
12 9 (11.11%) Intrusion Detection
12 9 (11.11%) CESG Infosec

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (17.28%) CICS
2 6 (7.41%) Tomcat
3 5 (6.17%) TPMS
4 4 (4.94%) WebSphere
5 2 (2.47%) JBoss
5 2 (2.47%) WildFly
6 1 (1.23%) IIS
6 1 (1.23%) MQSeries
6 1 (1.23%) SAS
6 1 (1.23%) SharePoint
Applications
1 3 (3.70%) EngageOne
2 1 (1.23%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (1.23%) BASE24
1 1 (1.23%) Postilion
Cloud Services
1 2 (2.47%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 9 (11.11%) Firewall
1 9 (11.11%) Intranet
1 9 (11.11%) Intrusion Detection
2 8 (9.88%) FTP
3 2 (2.47%) ATM
4 1 (1.23%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (22.22%) DB2
2 8 (9.88%) Oracle Database
3 7 (8.64%) IDMS
3 7 (8.64%) Relational Database
4 6 (7.41%) Apache Cassandra
5 3 (3.70%) SQL Server
6 2 (2.47%) Adabas
6 2 (2.47%) PostgreSQL
7 1 (1.23%) Big Data
7 1 (1.23%) Data Warehouse
7 1 (1.23%) Easytrieve
7 1 (1.23%) Snowflake Schema
7 1 (1.23%) Star Schema
Development Applications
1 4 (4.94%) Visual Studio
2 2 (2.47%) Dreamweaver
2 2 (2.47%) Eclipse
2 2 (2.47%) jspm
2 2 (2.47%) Team Foundation Server
2 2 (2.47%) webpack
3 1 (1.23%) PROIV
3 1 (1.23%) Synon
General
1 11 (13.58%) Banking
1 11 (13.58%) Finance
2 1 (1.23%) Back Office
2 1 (1.23%) Billing
2 1 (1.23%) Front Office
2 1 (1.23%) Investment Banking
2 1 (1.23%) Retail
2 1 (1.23%) Swedish Language
Job Titles
1 27 (33.33%) Developer
2 16 (19.75%) Analyst
3 13 (16.05%) Consultant
4 11 (13.58%) COBOL Developer
5 7 (8.64%) COBOL Consultant
5 7 (8.64%) Operations Analyst
5 7 (8.64%) Security Analyst
5 7 (8.64%) Security Operations Analyst
5 7 (8.64%) Senior Analyst
5 7 (8.64%) Senior Operations Analyst
5 7 (8.64%) Senior Security Analyst
6 6 (7.41%) Architect
6 6 (7.41%) Mainframe Developer
6 6 (7.41%) Migration Consultant
7 5 (6.17%) Technical Leader
8 4 (4.94%) COBOL Analyst
8 4 (4.94%) Mainframe Support
8 4 (4.94%) Programmer
8 4 (4.94%) Support Analyst
9 3 (3.70%) SQL Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 16 (19.75%) JSON
2 12 (14.81%) Node.js
3 7 (8.64%) Web Services
4 6 (7.41%) XML
5 5 (6.17%) RabbitMQ
5 5 (6.17%) Spring
6 4 (4.94%) .NET
6 4 (4.94%) CSS
6 4 (4.94%) HTML
7 3 (3.70%) Spring Boot
8 2 (2.47%) AngularJS
8 2 (2.47%) Aurelia
8 2 (2.47%) Meteor
8 2 (2.47%) Middleware
8 2 (2.47%) Polymer
8 2 (2.47%) React
8 2 (2.47%) Sass
8 2 (2.47%) Semantic UI
8 2 (2.47%) Vaadin
8 2 (2.47%) Web Components
Miscellaneous
1 34 (41.98%) Mainframe
2 16 (19.75%) Analytical Skills
3 12 (14.81%) IBM Mainframe
4 10 (12.35%) CESG
5 9 (11.11%) Management Information System
6 6 (7.41%) Cyberattack
7 2 (2.47%) Greenfield Project
8 1 (1.23%) Data Structures
8 1 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
8 1 (1.23%) N-Tier
8 1 (1.23%) VSAM
Operating Systems
1 14 (17.28%) Unix
2 9 (11.11%) Linux
2 9 (11.11%) Windows
3 5 (6.17%) VME
3 5 (6.17%) zOS
4 4 (4.94%) OpenVMS
5 2 (2.47%) AIX
5 2 (2.47%) MVS
5 2 (2.47%) SUSE
5 2 (2.47%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 21 (25.93%) Agile Software Development
2 11 (13.58%) Stakeholder Management
3 10 (12.35%) Data Protection
3 10 (12.35%) Information Security
3 10 (12.35%) Open Source
4 9 (11.11%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
4 9 (11.11%) Cybersecurity
4 9 (11.11%) Digital Forensics
4 9 (11.11%) Information Security Management
4 9 (11.11%) Malware Analysis
4 9 (11.11%) Migration
4 9 (11.11%) Project Management
4 9 (11.11%) Security Management
4 9 (11.11%) Security Monitoring
4 9 (11.11%) Security Operations
4 9 (11.11%) Threat Intelligence
4 9 (11.11%) Vulnerability Management
5 8 (9.88%) Penetration Testing
5 8 (9.88%) User Acceptance Testing
6 7 (8.64%) Refactoring
Programming Languages
1 31 (38.27%) Java
2 20 (24.69%) SQL
3 17 (20.99%) JCL
4 11 (13.58%) C
4 11 (13.58%) C++
4 11 (13.58%) Python
5 7 (8.64%) C#
6 5 (6.17%) JavaScript
6 5 (6.17%) PL/SQL
6 5 (6.17%) Shell Script
7 3 (3.70%) Fortran
7 3 (3.70%) Pascal
7 3 (3.70%) REXX
8 2 (2.47%) NATURAL
8 2 (2.47%) PHP
8 2 (2.47%) PL/1
8 2 (2.47%) Ruby
8 2 (2.47%) TypeScript
8 2 (2.47%) VB
8 2 (2.47%) VB6
Qualifications
1 8 (9.88%) CISSP
2 7 (8.64%) GCED
2 7 (8.64%) GCFA
2 7 (8.64%) GCIA
2 7 (8.64%) GCIH
2 7 (8.64%) GIAC
2 7 (8.64%) GREM
2 7 (8.64%) GSEC
3 4 (4.94%) SC Cleared
3 4 (4.94%) Security Cleared
4 1 (1.23%) CESG Certified Professional
4 1 (1.23%) CISMP
4 1 (1.23%) Degree
4 1 (1.23%) IISP
4 1 (1.23%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (11.11%) CESG Infosec
1 9 (11.11%) HMG Security Policy Framework
1 9 (11.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 3 (3.70%) QA
3 1 (1.23%) ISO 8583
3 1 (1.23%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 2 (2.47%) Time Sharing Option
2 1 (1.23%) Docker
2 1 (1.23%) Job Entry Subsystem
2 1 (1.23%) RACF
Systems Management
1 9 (11.11%) IBM BigFix
2 3 (3.70%) CA Endevor
3 1 (1.23%) Tivoli NetView
Vendors
1 20 (24.69%) IBM
2 16 (19.75%) Oracle
3 8 (9.88%) Micro Focus
4 3 (3.70%) Fujitsu
5 2 (2.47%) Microsoft
5 2 (2.47%) Planview
5 2 (2.47%) Remedy
5 2 (2.47%) ServiceNow
6 1 (1.23%) Ab Initio
6 1 (1.23%) Norkom
6 1 (1.23%) SAP
6 1 (1.23%) Syncsort