Period
to 24 September 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 24 September 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

COBOL
UK
6 months to
24 Sep 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 807 616 623
Rank change year-on-year -191 +7 +69
Contract jobs citing COBOL 69 274 296
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.071% 0.26% 0.26%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.17% 0.65% 0.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 34 152 173
UK median daily rate £375 £356 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% -5.00% +3.45%
10th Percentile £269 £240 £226
90th Percentile £501 £537 £493
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £328 £375
% change year-on-year +14.50% -12.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 12 2
UK median hourly rate £31.00 £28.50 £35.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.77% -20.28% +10.00%
10th Percentile £26.10 £21.35 £27.38
90th Percentile £31.90 £36.00 £49.93
UK excluding London median hourly rate £28.50 £28.50 £26.50
% change year-on-year - +7.55% -18.46%

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 40782 42448 43443
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.89% 39.79% 38.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 28146 29187 29249
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £305 £280 £263
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £363
% change year-on-year +6.67% +3.45% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 762 911 967
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +2.74% +12.31%
10th Percentile £15.79 £14.00 £15.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.00
% change year-on-year +6.67% +1.35% +10.37%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing COBOL.

Contractor daily rate trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL over the 6 months to 24 September 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 6 months to 24 September 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -169 63 £375 +7.14% 5
UK excluding London -114 48 £375 +14.50% 6
London -36 20 £425 -5.56% 1
North of England -15 18 £400 -4.19% 1
South East +6 14 £374 +24.50%
North West -64 10 £400 -4.76%
East of England -22 6 £350 +37.25%
North East +72 4 £314 +2.87%
Yorkshire +38 4 £366 -2.33% 1
Scotland +22 4 £375 +30.43% 2
West Midlands +10 4 - -
Midlands -6 4 - -
South West +1 1 £300 -7.69% 3
Northern Ireland - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 24 September 2017, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 35 (50.72%) Mainframe
2 30 (43.48%) DB2
3 27 (39.13%) SQL
4 24 (34.78%) CICS
5 19 (27.54%) Finance
6 17 (24.64%) JCL
7 16 (23.19%) Oracle
8 14 (20.29%) .NET
9 13 (18.84%) Java
9 13 (18.84%) Unix
9 13 (18.84%) Linux
9 13 (18.84%) IBM
9 13 (18.84%) Banking
9 13 (18.84%) IBM Mainframe
10 10 (14.49%) Windows
11 9 (13.04%) Analytical Skills
12 8 (11.59%) PL/SQL
12 8 (11.59%) C
13 7 (10.14%) Shell Script
13 7 (10.14%) Agile Software Development
14 6 (8.70%) Migration
14 6 (8.70%) VSAM
14 6 (8.70%) Micro Focus
14 6 (8.70%) C#
14 6 (8.70%) C++
14 6 (8.70%) Tuxedo
15 5 (7.25%) Python
15 5 (7.25%) SOA
15 5 (7.25%) Assembly Language
15 5 (7.25%) HP

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (34.78%) CICS
2 6 (8.70%) Tuxedo
3 4 (5.80%) Apache
4 3 (4.35%) TPMS
5 2 (2.90%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 2 (2.90%) Apache Pig
5 2 (2.90%) JBoss
5 2 (2.90%) Oracle HTTP Server
5 2 (2.90%) Oracle Service Bus
5 2 (2.90%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 2 (2.90%) Tomcat
5 2 (2.90%) WebLogic
Applications
1 3 (4.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (2.90%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (1.45%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (2.90%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (1.45%) BASE24
Cloud Services
1 3 (4.35%) GitHub
2 1 (1.45%) Amazon AWS
2 1 (1.45%) Bluemix
2 1 (1.45%) IBM Cloud
2 1 (1.45%) Microsoft Azure
Communications & Networking
1 4 (5.80%) Network Security
2 2 (2.90%) HTTP
2 2 (2.90%) SMS
2 2 (2.90%) SSL
3 1 (1.45%) ATM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (43.48%) DB2
2 5 (7.25%) SQL Server
3 4 (5.80%) Big Data
3 4 (5.80%) Hadoop
3 4 (5.80%) Relational Database
4 3 (4.35%) Data Warehouse
4 3 (4.35%) IDMS
5 2 (2.90%) Adabas
5 2 (2.90%) Apache Hive
5 2 (2.90%) Cloudera CDH
5 2 (2.90%) HBase
5 2 (2.90%) Impala
5 2 (2.90%) OLTP
5 2 (2.90%) Oracle Database
5 2 (2.90%) Oracle ODI
5 2 (2.90%) Oracle Reports
5 2 (2.90%) RDBMS
5 2 (2.90%) SQLite
5 2 (2.90%) Sqoop
6 1 (1.45%) MS Access
Development Applications
1 3 (4.35%) Artifactory
1 3 (4.35%) HP UFT
1 3 (4.35%) Toad
2 2 (2.90%) Ant
2 2 (2.90%) Atlassian Bamboo
2 2 (2.90%) Bitbucket
2 2 (2.90%) GoCD
2 2 (2.90%) Jenkins
2 2 (2.90%) Maven
2 2 (2.90%) NuGet
2 2 (2.90%) Oracle Forms
2 2 (2.90%) TeamCity
3 1 (1.45%) Dreamweaver
3 1 (1.45%) Eclipse
3 1 (1.45%) Gradle
3 1 (1.45%) IBM UrbanCode
3 1 (1.45%) JIRA
3 1 (1.45%) Visual Studio
General
1 19 (27.54%) Finance
2 13 (18.84%) Banking
3 2 (2.90%) Billing
3 2 (2.90%) Retail
4 1 (1.45%) Back Office
4 1 (1.45%) Danish Language
4 1 (1.45%) Retail Banking
4 1 (1.45%) Swedish Language
Job Titles
1 21 (30.43%) Developer
2 18 (26.09%) Analyst
3 12 (17.39%) COBOL Developer
4 8 (11.59%) COBOL Analyst
5 7 (10.14%) Consultant
5 7 (10.14%) Mainframe Analyst
6 5 (7.25%) Mainframe Test Analyst
6 5 (7.25%) Test Analyst
6 5 (7.25%) Tester
7 4 (5.80%) Architect
7 4 (5.80%) Mainframe Developer
7 4 (5.80%) Programmer
8 3 (4.35%) Administrator
8 3 (4.35%) Analyst Developer
8 3 (4.35%) Mainframe Tester
8 3 (4.35%) Solutions Architect
9 2 (2.90%) Cloud Administrator
9 2 (2.90%) COBOL Consultant
9 2 (2.90%) Payments Analyst
9 2 (2.90%) Security Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (20.29%) .NET
2 4 (5.80%) ASP.NET
3 3 (4.35%) .NET Framework
3 3 (4.35%) ISPF
3 3 (4.35%) J2EE
3 3 (4.35%) XML
4 2 (2.90%) Java EE
4 2 (2.90%) Oracle GoldenGate
4 2 (2.90%) PySpark
4 2 (2.90%) RESTful
4 2 (2.90%) scikit-learn
4 2 (2.90%) WCF
4 2 (2.90%) Web Services
4 2 (2.90%) WebCenter
5 1 (1.45%) EJB
5 1 (1.45%) Java RMI
5 1 (1.45%) JMS
5 1 (1.45%) Spring
5 1 (1.45%) Spring MVC
5 1 (1.45%) Swing
Miscellaneous
1 35 (50.72%) Mainframe
2 13 (18.84%) IBM Mainframe
3 9 (13.04%) Analytical Skills
4 6 (8.70%) VSAM
5 5 (7.25%) User Experience
6 3 (4.35%) Reference Data
7 2 (2.90%) Blackberry
7 2 (2.90%) Client/Server
7 2 (2.90%) DataPower
8 1 (1.45%) Algorithms
8 1 (1.45%) AS400
8 1 (1.45%) Computer Science
8 1 (1.45%) Management Information System
8 1 (1.45%) Mobile Banking
8 1 (1.45%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 13 (18.84%) Linux
1 13 (18.84%) Unix
2 10 (14.49%) Windows
3 4 (5.80%) Android
3 4 (5.80%) Apple iOS
4 3 (4.35%) OpenVMS
4 3 (4.35%) OS/390
4 3 (4.35%) VME
4 3 (4.35%) zOS
5 2 (2.90%) Mac OS X
6 1 (1.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (1.45%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 7 (10.14%) Agile Software Development
2 6 (8.70%) Migration
3 5 (7.25%) SOA
4 4 (5.80%) Defect Management
4 4 (5.80%) ITIL
4 4 (5.80%) Project Management
4 4 (5.80%) Refactoring
5 3 (4.35%) Business Intelligence
5 3 (4.35%) Configuration Management
5 3 (4.35%) DevOps
5 3 (4.35%) ITSM
5 3 (4.35%) MVC
5 3 (4.35%) Scrum
5 3 (4.35%) Stakeholder Management
5 3 (4.35%) Test Automation
5 3 (4.35%) Test Strategy
5 3 (4.35%) User Acceptance Testing
6 2 (2.90%) Change Management
6 2 (2.90%) E-business
6 2 (2.90%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 27 (39.13%) SQL
2 17 (24.64%) JCL
3 13 (18.84%) Java
4 8 (11.59%) C
4 8 (11.59%) PL/SQL
5 7 (10.14%) Shell Script
6 6 (8.70%) C#
6 6 (8.70%) C++
7 5 (7.25%) Assembly Language
7 5 (7.25%) Python
8 4 (5.80%) JavaScript
8 4 (5.80%) REXX
9 3 (4.35%) Fortran
9 3 (4.35%) Pascal
9 3 (4.35%) Perl
9 3 (4.35%) VB
9 3 (4.35%) VB.NET
10 2 (2.90%) Korn
10 2 (2.90%) Ruby
10 2 (2.90%) Scala
Qualifications
1 3 (4.35%) Security Cleared
2 1 (1.45%) Computer Science Degree
2 1 (1.45%) CTC Cleared
2 1 (1.45%) Degree
2 1 (1.45%) ISTQB
2 1 (1.45%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (4.35%) QA
2 2 (2.90%) Data Quality
3 1 (1.45%) PMO
System Software
1 5 (7.25%) Time Sharing Option
2 2 (2.90%) Apache Flume
2 2 (2.90%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 2 (2.90%) HDFS
3 1 (1.45%) Docker
Systems Management
1 3 (4.35%) Puppet
2 2 (2.90%) CA Endevor
2 2 (2.90%) Control-M
2 2 (2.90%) Data Guard
2 2 (2.90%) Hadoop YARN
2 2 (2.90%) HP Quality Center
2 2 (2.90%) Oozie
3 1 (1.45%) Ansible
3 1 (1.45%) Kubernetes
3 1 (1.45%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 16 (23.19%) Oracle
2 13 (18.84%) IBM
3 6 (8.70%) Micro Focus
4 5 (7.25%) HP
5 3 (4.35%) Fujitsu
5 3 (4.35%) hybris
5 3 (4.35%) ServiceNow
6 2 (2.90%) Adobe
6 2 (2.90%) Cloudera
6 2 (2.90%) Hyperion
6 2 (2.90%) Microsoft
6 2 (2.90%) Palantir
6 2 (2.90%) Planview
6 2 (2.90%) SaltStack
6 2 (2.90%) Synopsys
7 1 (1.45%) Ab Initio
7 1 (1.45%) SAP
7 1 (1.45%) Solace
7 1 (1.45%) Teradata