Period
to 4 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 4 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

COBOL
UK
6 months to
4 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 578 725 789
Rank change year-on-year +147 +64 -64
Contract jobs citing COBOL 36 104 94
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.080% 0.12% 0.094%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.20% 0.27% 0.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 29 74 49
Median daily rate £565 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +41.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £372 £314 £290
90th Percentile £650 £751 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +15.63% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 2
Median hourly rate - - £35.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £35.00

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 18,391 38,470 43,304
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.96% 42.79% 43.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,361 26,606 30,207
Median daily rate £490 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.16% +2.70% +7.56%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £403
% change year-on-year +5.88% +5.59% +3.87%
Number of hourly rates quoted 401 692 778
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +4.94% -2.41%
10th Percentile £18.25 £18.00 £17.08
90th Percentile £57.50 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -18.60% +7.50% -2.74%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing COBOL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing COBOL.

Daily rate trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing COBOL over the 6 months to 4 June 2020.

Daily rate histogram for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing COBOL.

Hourly rate trend for COBOL in the UK

COBOL
Top 12 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 6 months to 4 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +169 35 £565 +41.25% 1
UK excluding London +134 27 £463 +15.63% 1
North of England +71 12 £650 +44.44%
South East +125 11 £425 +25.00%
London +155 7 £638 +27.50%
North West +47 6 £650 +44.44%
North East +25 5 £650 +18.18%
Midlands +78 3 £400 -44.83% 1
West Midlands +66 3 £400 -44.83%
Yorkshire +58 3 £650 +44.44%
Work from Home +17 3 - - 1
Northern Ireland +15 1 - -

For the 6 months to 4 June 2020, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 16 (44.44%) VME
2 13 (36.11%) Performance Tuning
3 12 (33.33%) SQL
4 11 (30.56%) Oracle
4 11 (30.56%) QA
5 10 (27.78%) Agile Software Development
6 9 (25.00%) Disaster Recovery
7 8 (22.22%) Service Management
7 8 (22.22%) Linux
7 8 (22.22%) ICL
7 8 (22.22%) SC Cleared
7 8 (22.22%) Security Cleared
8 7 (19.44%) Capacity Management
8 7 (19.44%) Oracle Database
8 7 (19.44%) Scrum
8 7 (19.44%) ITSM
9 6 (16.67%) Middleware
9 6 (16.67%) DB2
9 6 (16.67%) BPSS Clearance
10 5 (13.89%) SDLC
10 5 (13.89%) Problem-Solving
10 5 (13.89%) Public Sector
10 5 (13.89%) Java
10 5 (13.89%) Data Modelling
10 5 (13.89%) Business Intelligence
10 5 (13.89%) Configuration Management
10 5 (13.89%) Finance
10 5 (13.89%) Migration
10 5 (13.89%) User Acceptance Testing
10 5 (13.89%) JIRA

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 3 (8.33%) Confluence
1 3 (8.33%) Tuxedo
2 1 (2.78%) Oracle Service Bus
2 1 (2.78%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 3 (8.33%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (2.78%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 1 (2.78%) AWS
1 1 (2.78%) Azure
Communications & Networking
1 1 (2.78%) Firewall
1 1 (2.78%) HTTP
1 1 (2.78%) SSL
1 1 (2.78%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (19.44%) Oracle Database
2 6 (16.67%) DB2
3 5 (13.89%) Relational Database
4 3 (8.33%) BusinessObjects
5 2 (5.56%) PostgreSQL
5 2 (5.56%) RDBMS
6 1 (2.78%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 5 (13.89%) Git (software)
1 5 (13.89%) JIRA
2 3 (8.33%) Oracle Forms
3 2 (5.56%) Eclipse
3 2 (5.56%) GitLab
3 2 (5.56%) Visual Studio
4 1 (2.78%) Jenkins
4 1 (2.78%) Subversion
General
1 5 (13.89%) Finance
1 5 (13.89%) Public Sector
2 2 (5.56%) Banking
3 1 (2.78%) Billing
3 1 (2.78%) Electronics
3 1 (2.78%) Manufacturing
3 1 (2.78%) Marketing
3 1 (2.78%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 17 (47.22%) Developer
2 13 (36.11%) DBA
3 10 (27.78%) COBOL Developer
4 2 (5.56%) Architect
4 2 (5.56%) Oracle DBA
4 2 (5.56%) Oracle Developer
4 2 (5.56%) Python Developer
4 2 (5.56%) SQL Developer
5 1 (2.78%) Ab Initio Developer
5 1 (2.78%) Administrator
5 1 (2.78%) Analyst
5 1 (2.78%) IT Architect
5 1 (2.78%) Linux Engineer
5 1 (2.78%) Mainframe Developer
5 1 (2.78%) Operations Analyst
5 1 (2.78%) Senior Architect
5 1 (2.78%) Senior Solutions Architect
5 1 (2.78%) Software Engineer
5 1 (2.78%) Solutions Architect
5 1 (2.78%) SQL DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6 (16.67%) Middleware
2 3 (8.33%) Java EE
3 2 (5.56%) J2EE
4 1 (2.78%) .NET
4 1 (2.78%) EJB
4 1 (2.78%) Java SE
4 1 (2.78%) JSP
4 1 (2.78%) REST
4 1 (2.78%) Servlets
4 1 (2.78%) Spring
4 1 (2.78%) TIBCO EMS
4 1 (2.78%) Web Services
4 1 (2.78%) XML
4 1 (2.78%) XSD
4 1 (2.78%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 4 (11.11%) AS400
1 4 (11.11%) Mainframe
2 3 (8.33%) Enterprise Software
3 2 (5.56%) Management Information System
4 1 (2.78%) Analytical Skills
4 1 (2.78%) Clustering
4 1 (2.78%) Mobile App
4 1 (2.78%) Online Banking
4 1 (2.78%) Reference Data
4 1 (2.78%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 16 (44.44%) VME
2 8 (22.22%) Linux
3 4 (11.11%) Unix
3 4 (11.11%) zOS
4 3 (8.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 3 (8.33%) Windows
5 1 (2.78%) Android
5 1 (2.78%) HPUX
5 1 (2.78%) Mac OS X
5 1 (2.78%) Oracle Linux
5 1 (2.78%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 13 (36.11%) Performance Tuning
2 10 (27.78%) Agile Software Development
3 9 (25.00%) Disaster Recovery
4 8 (22.22%) Service Management
5 7 (19.44%) Capacity Management
5 7 (19.44%) ITSM
5 7 (19.44%) Scrum
6 5 (13.89%) Business Intelligence
6 5 (13.89%) Configuration Management
6 5 (13.89%) Data Modelling
6 5 (13.89%) Migration
6 5 (13.89%) Problem-Solving
6 5 (13.89%) SDLC
6 5 (13.89%) User Acceptance Testing
7 4 (11.11%) Mentoring
7 4 (11.11%) Problem Management
7 4 (11.11%) Process Improvement
8 3 (8.33%) Kanban
8 3 (8.33%) Software Engineering
8 3 (8.33%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 12 (33.33%) SQL
2 5 (13.89%) Java
3 3 (8.33%) JCL
3 3 (8.33%) Python
4 1 (2.78%) PL/SQL
4 1 (2.78%) Shell Script
4 1 (2.78%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 8 (22.22%) SC Cleared
1 8 (22.22%) Security Cleared
2 6 (16.67%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (30.56%) QA
2 3 (8.33%) SLA
System Software
1 1 (2.78%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 1 (2.78%) Opscode Chef
1 1 (2.78%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
1 1 (2.78%) Puppet
Vendors
1 11 (30.56%) Oracle
2 8 (22.22%) ICL
3 4 (11.11%) IBM
3 4 (11.11%) Micro Focus
4 3 (8.33%) Red Hat
5 2 (5.56%) SAP
6 1 (2.78%) Ab Initio
6 1 (2.78%) Apple
6 1 (2.78%) Sun
6 1 (2.78%) TIBCO