Period
to 18 January 2022

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Legacy Systems in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Legacy Systems over the 6 months to 18 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Legacy System
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 289 255 320
Rank change year-on-year -34 +65 -39
Contract jobs citing Legacy Systems 802 422 560
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.92% 1.04% 0.77%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.03% 3.32% 2.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 582 283 394
10th Percentile £375 £363 £325
25th Percentile £425 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £525 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.86% +10.53% -5.00%
75th Percentile £650 £650 £574
90th Percentile £750 £718 £623
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £478 £450
% change year-on-year +2.01% +6.19% -6.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 7 8
10th Percentile - - £13.28
25th Percentile - £24.00 £26.71
Median hourly rate - £29.50 £37.50
Median % change year-on-year - -21.33% +114.29%
75th Percentile - £45.25 £82.50
90th Percentile - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £29.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year - -21.33% +173.72%

Legacy Systems is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 26,467 12,698 20,596
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.27% 31.27% 28.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,666 8,594 13,480
10th Percentile £300 £258 £250
25th Percentile £413 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £473
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% +0.53% -0.53%
75th Percentile £638 £594 £575
90th Percentile £738 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £415 £425
% change year-on-year +8.43% -2.35% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 659 504 814
10th Percentile £12.48 £12.27 £12.36
25th Percentile £15.94 £16.69 £15.21
Median hourly rate £26.27 £26.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year +1.04% +23.81% +5.00%
75th Percentile £49.75 £45.56 £45.00
90th Percentile £65.10 £58.75 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £24.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year -18.37% +19.51% +10.81%

Legacy Systems
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Legacy Systems as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Legacy Systems in the UK

Legacy Systems
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Legacy Systems.

Daily rate trend for Legacy Systems in the UK

Legacy Systems
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Legacy Systems over the 6 months to 18 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Legacy Systems in the UK

Legacy Systems
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Legacy Systems.

Hourly rate trend for Legacy Systems in the UK

Legacy Systems
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Legacy Systems within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -38 648 £550 - 143
UK excluding London +7 363 £488 +2.01% 99
London -71 319 £625 +4.17% 52
Work from Home -55 201 £540 +13.68% 25
South East -16 120 £488 -7.14% 17
Scotland -28 66 £425 -5.56% 10
North of England -20 63 £500 +2.56% 31
Midlands -28 57 £510 +2.00% 19
West Midlands -29 45 £525 +7.14% 13
Yorkshire -21 31 £500 +2.56% 18
North West -33 28 £500 -2.44% 13
South West -37 27 £500 -9.09% 3
East of England -59 16 £525 +16.67% 17
Wales - 14 £515 -
East Midlands -25 12 £475 +40.74% 6
North East +2 4 £450 -5.26%

For the 6 months to 18 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Legacy Systems also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Legacy Systems.

1 292 (36.41%) Agile Software Development
2 280 (34.91%) Migration
3 192 (23.94%) Finance
4 163 (20.32%) Social Skills
5 160 (19.95%) Azure
6 152 (18.95%) SQL
7 142 (17.71%) Data Migration
8 134 (16.71%) AWS
9 119 (14.84%) Java
10 110 (13.72%) Microservices
11 109 (13.59%) Oracle
12 108 (13.47%) Stakeholder Management
13 98 (12.22%) DevOps
13 98 (12.22%) Public Sector
14 86 (10.72%) SAP
15 80 (9.98%) .NET
16 79 (9.85%) Microsoft
17 77 (9.60%) Python
18 72 (8.98%) C#
18 72 (8.98%) ETL
19 70 (8.73%) Project Management
20 69 (8.60%) Kubernetes
20 69 (8.60%) Security Cleared
20 69 (8.60%) Serverless
21 68 (8.48%) Problem-Solving
22 62 (7.73%) JavaScript
23 61 (7.61%) Test Automation
24 59 (7.36%) SDLC
24 59 (7.36%) Data Modelling
25 58 (7.23%) ERP

Legacy Systems
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (4.61%) Confluence
2 31 (3.87%) BizTalk Server
3 24 (2.99%) SharePoint
4 10 (1.25%) Elasticsearch
5 9 (1.12%) Skype for Business
6 7 (0.87%) IBM Domino
7 5 (0.62%) MS Exchange
7 5 (0.62%) nginx
7 5 (0.62%) SAS
8 4 (0.50%) Apache
8 4 (0.50%) CMS
8 4 (0.50%) IBM Notes
9 3 (0.37%) Apache Spark
9 3 (0.37%) IIS
9 3 (0.37%) JBoss
10 2 (0.25%) Apache Pig
10 2 (0.25%) CICS
10 2 (0.25%) OpenStack
10 2 (0.25%) SharePoint 2013
10 2 (0.25%) WebLogic
Applications
1 29 (3.62%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (2.87%) Spreadsheet
3 12 (1.50%) Microsoft Project
4 10 (1.25%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.50%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.37%) Adobe XD
6 3 (0.37%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.37%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 32 (3.99%) SAP S/4HANA
2 12 (1.50%) Maximo
3 7 (0.87%) SAP HCM
4 6 (0.75%) Oracle ERP
5 4 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
5 4 (0.50%) Oracle Payables
5 4 (0.50%) Oracle Receivables
6 3 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
6 3 (0.37%) Elite 3E
6 3 (0.37%) FLEXCUBE
6 3 (0.37%) Oracle Assets
6 3 (0.37%) Orchestrade
6 3 (0.37%) SAP CAR
6 3 (0.37%) SAP ERP
6 3 (0.37%) SAP MDG
6 3 (0.37%) Workday HCM
7 2 (0.25%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.25%) SAP FI/CO
7 2 (0.25%) SAP Payroll
7 2 (0.25%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 160 (19.95%) Azure
2 134 (16.71%) AWS
3 69 (8.60%) Serverless
4 54 (6.73%) AWS Lambda
5 36 (4.49%) Azure Functions
6 34 (4.24%) SaaS
7 32 (3.99%) Power Platform
8 29 (3.62%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 27 (3.37%) Azure Logic Apps
10 25 (3.12%) Azure Data Factory
11 24 (2.99%) AWS CloudFormation
11 24 (2.99%) Azure Storage
11 24 (2.99%) PaaS
12 23 (2.87%) Amazon S3
13 21 (2.62%) Microsoft 365
14 19 (2.37%) GitHub
14 19 (2.37%) OpenShift
15 18 (2.24%) Dynamics 365
15 18 (2.24%) GCP
16 12 (1.50%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 14 (1.75%) Firewall
2 13 (1.62%) HTTP
3 9 (1.12%) DNS
3 9 (1.12%) Skype
3 9 (1.12%) Unified Communications
4 7 (0.87%) SSL
5 6 (0.75%) TCP/IP
6 4 (0.50%) DHCP
6 4 (0.50%) Internet
6 4 (0.50%) Intranet
6 4 (0.50%) LAN
6 4 (0.50%) Network Security
6 4 (0.50%) PBX
6 4 (0.50%) WAN
7 3 (0.37%) Broadband
7 3 (0.37%) HTTPS
7 3 (0.37%) Intrusion Detection
7 3 (0.37%) Kerberos
7 3 (0.37%) PSTN
8 2 (0.25%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (5.99%) MongoDB
1 48 (5.99%) SQL Server
2 43 (5.36%) Azure SQL Database
3 34 (4.24%) PostgreSQL
3 34 (4.24%) Relational Database
4 31 (3.87%) Data Lake
5 30 (3.74%) Data Warehouse
6 24 (2.99%) Power BI
7 21 (2.62%) Hadoop
8 17 (2.12%) Amazon Aurora
8 17 (2.12%) NoSQL
9 13 (1.62%) Oracle Database
9 13 (1.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 12 (1.50%) GIS
10 12 (1.50%) SAP HANA
11 10 (1.25%) MySQL
11 10 (1.25%) RDBMS
12 9 (1.12%) Geospatial Data
13 8 (1.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 7 (0.87%) Big Data
Development Applications
1 50 (6.23%) JIRA
2 42 (5.24%) Git (software)
3 32 (3.99%) Jenkins
4 22 (2.74%) GitLab
5 15 (1.87%) Bitbucket
6 14 (1.75%) Selenium
7 7 (0.87%) LSMW
7 7 (0.87%) Postman
7 7 (0.87%) Visual Studio
8 6 (0.75%) SoapUI
8 6 (0.75%) WebDriver
9 5 (0.62%) JUnit
9 5 (0.62%) SonarQube
10 4 (0.50%) Artifactory
10 4 (0.50%) Cucumber
10 4 (0.50%) Cypress.io
10 4 (0.50%) git-flow
10 4 (0.50%) Spinnaker
11 3 (0.37%) IBM UrbanCode
11 3 (0.37%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 192 (23.94%) Finance
2 163 (20.32%) Social Skills
3 98 (12.22%) Public Sector
4 58 (7.23%) Banking
5 47 (5.86%) Retail
6 44 (5.49%) Analytical Skills
7 32 (3.99%) Influencing Skills
8 28 (3.49%) Legal
9 25 (3.12%) Front Office
10 17 (2.12%) Marketing
11 16 (2.00%) Law
12 15 (1.87%) Investment Banking
12 15 (1.87%) Presentation Skills
13 13 (1.62%) Organisational Skills
14 11 (1.37%) Manufacturing
14 11 (1.37%) Telecoms
15 7 (0.87%) Back Office
15 7 (0.87%) Retail Banking
16 5 (0.62%) General Ledger
16 5 (0.62%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 148 (18.45%) Developer
2 138 (17.21%) Architect
3 116 (14.46%) Analyst
4 91 (11.35%) Project Manager
5 61 (7.61%) Solutions Architect
6 47 (5.86%) Business Analyst
7 39 (4.86%) Consultant
8 33 (4.11%) Java Developer
9 32 (3.99%) Data Analyst
10 27 (3.37%) Data Architect
11 25 (3.12%) Systems Analyst
12 24 (2.99%) .NET Developer
12 24 (2.99%) Technical Leader
13 21 (2.62%) Azure Developer
13 21 (2.62%) C# Developer
14 20 (2.49%) Data Engineer
14 20 (2.49%) Senior Developer
14 20 (2.49%) Technical Architect
15 19 (2.37%) IT Manager
16 18 (2.24%) Migration Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 80 (9.98%) .NET
2 37 (4.61%) .NET Core
2 37 (4.61%) HTML
3 32 (3.99%) Kafka
3 32 (3.99%) Web Services
4 31 (3.87%) REST
5 30 (3.74%) React
6 28 (3.49%) CSS
7 26 (3.24%) Spring
8 22 (2.74%) JSON
9 20 (2.49%) Spring Boot
10 18 (2.24%) XML
11 16 (2.00%) Node.js
12 14 (1.75%) AngularJS
12 14 (1.75%) SOAP
13 13 (1.62%) Middleware
14 12 (1.50%) HTML5
14 12 (1.50%) RESTful
15 11 (1.37%) .NET Framework
16 9 (1.12%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 44 (5.49%) Cloud Native
2 39 (4.86%) Management Information System
3 38 (4.74%) User Experience
4 28 (3.49%) Self-Motivation
5 23 (2.87%) Data Structures
6 20 (2.49%) NHS
7 19 (2.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 15 (1.87%) Fixed Income
9 12 (1.50%) Greenfield Project
9 12 (1.50%) Virtual Team
10 11 (1.37%) Mainframe
11 9 (1.12%) Data Protection Act
11 9 (1.12%) Legacy Applications
12 7 (0.87%) Reference Data
13 6 (0.75%) Clustering
13 6 (0.75%) Legacy Code
14 5 (0.62%) Client/Server
14 5 (0.62%) Hybrid Cloud
14 5 (0.62%) Public Cloud
14 5 (0.62%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 55 (6.86%) Windows
2 42 (5.24%) Linux
3 24 (2.99%) Unix
4 13 (1.62%) Windows Server
5 8 (1.00%) Solaris
6 7 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.62%) Windows Server 2008
8 4 (0.50%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.37%) CentOS
9 3 (0.37%) Windows 10
9 3 (0.37%) Windows Server 2003
9 3 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
9 3 (0.37%) Windows Server 2019
10 2 (0.25%) Windows 2000
10 2 (0.25%) Windows 2000 Server
10 2 (0.25%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.12%) AIX
11 1 (0.12%) Kali Linux
11 1 (0.12%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 292 (36.41%) Agile Software Development
2 280 (34.91%) Migration
3 142 (17.71%) Data Migration
4 110 (13.72%) Microservices
5 108 (13.47%) Stakeholder Management
6 98 (12.22%) DevOps
7 72 (8.98%) ETL
8 70 (8.73%) Project Management
9 68 (8.48%) Problem-Solving
10 61 (7.61%) Test Automation
11 59 (7.36%) Data Modelling
11 59 (7.36%) SDLC
12 58 (7.23%) ERP
13 56 (6.98%) Project Delivery
13 56 (6.98%) Software Engineering
14 55 (6.86%) Waterfall
15 50 (6.23%) Continuous Improvement
16 44 (5.49%) Analytics
17 42 (5.24%) Mentoring
18 41 (5.11%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 152 (18.95%) SQL
2 119 (14.84%) Java
3 77 (9.60%) Python
4 72 (8.98%) C#
5 62 (7.73%) JavaScript
6 42 (5.24%) T-SQL
7 41 (5.11%) C++
8 37 (4.61%) PL/SQL
9 31 (3.87%) Go
10 29 (3.62%) TypeScript
11 23 (2.87%) PowerShell
12 22 (2.74%) Java 11
13 16 (2.00%) VB
14 10 (1.25%) C
14 10 (1.25%) Java 8
14 10 (1.25%) Scala
15 7 (0.87%) PHP
16 6 (0.75%) R
16 6 (0.75%) VB6
16 6 (0.75%) XPath
Qualifications
1 69 (8.60%) Security Cleared
2 56 (6.98%) SC Cleared
3 33 (4.11%) Degree
4 12 (1.50%) PMP
5 11 (1.37%) PMI Certification
6 9 (1.12%) DV Cleared
7 6 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
7 6 (0.75%) Computer Science Degree
8 5 (0.62%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
9 3 (0.37%) CISSP
9 3 (0.37%) IIBA
9 3 (0.37%) ISEB
9 3 (0.37%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
10 2 (0.25%) CCNP
10 2 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.12%) CCA
11 1 (0.12%) CCNA
11 1 (0.12%) ITIL Certification
11 1 (0.12%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (4.74%) QA
2 28 (3.49%) Data Quality
3 27 (3.37%) Accessibility
4 12 (1.50%) PMO
5 11 (1.37%) GDPR
6 6 (0.75%) SLA
7 3 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 3 (0.37%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.25%) GRC
8 2 (0.25%) MiFID
9 1 (0.12%) COBIT
9 1 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 1 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.12%) ISAE 3402
9 1 (0.12%) JSP 440
9 1 (0.12%) NIST
9 1 (0.12%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.12%) RMADS
9 1 (0.12%) SOC 2
System Software
1 42 (5.24%) Docker
2 13 (1.62%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.62%) VMware ESXi
3 5 (0.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.37%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.25%) XenApp
6 1 (0.12%) Postfix
6 1 (0.12%) Terminal Services
6 1 (0.12%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 69 (8.60%) Kubernetes
2 29 (3.62%) Terraform
3 21 (2.62%) Grafana
4 19 (2.37%) Ansible
5 11 (1.37%) Single Sign-On
6 10 (1.25%) Puppet
7 5 (0.62%) Nagios
8 4 (0.50%) Istio
8 4 (0.50%) Kibana
8 4 (0.50%) SCCM
9 3 (0.37%) Prometheus
10 2 (0.25%) Ambari
10 2 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
10 2 (0.25%) Marathon
10 2 (0.25%) Mesos
10 2 (0.25%) Microsoft Intune
10 2 (0.25%) Oozie
10 2 (0.25%) Opscode Chef
10 2 (0.25%) Packer
10 2 (0.25%) Podman
Vendors
1 109 (13.59%) Oracle
2 86 (10.72%) SAP
3 79 (9.85%) Microsoft
4 31 (3.87%) Salesforce.com
5 28 (3.49%) MuleSoft
6 19 (2.37%) IBM
7 16 (2.00%) ServiceNow
8 13 (1.62%) Databricks
8 13 (1.62%) Google
9 9 (1.12%) Informatica
9 9 (1.12%) VMware
10 8 (1.00%) JD Edwards
10 8 (1.00%) Workday
11 7 (0.87%) CA
11 7 (0.87%) hybris
11 7 (0.87%) IFS
11 7 (0.87%) Xerox
12 6 (0.75%) Alteryx
12 6 (0.75%) Cisco
12 6 (0.75%) Infragistics