Period
to 17 October 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Legacy Systems in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Legacy Systems over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Legacy System
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 276 267 310
Rank change year-on-year -9 +43 +6
Contract jobs citing Legacy Systems 826 291 741
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.99% 0.94% 0.87%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.33% 2.99% 3.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 564 205 514
10th Percentile £375 £363 £325
25th Percentile £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £525 £480
Median % change year-on-year +2.38% +9.38% -4.00%
75th Percentile £638 £650 £575
90th Percentile £750 £750 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £466 £481 £450
% change year-on-year -3.02% +6.83% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 3 12
10th Percentile £28.13 £12.47 £14.76
25th Percentile £30.94 £13.70 £28.00
Median hourly rate £36.25 £16.50 £37.50
Median % change year-on-year +119.70% -56.00% -18.48%
75th Percentile £40.94 £17.25 £56.81
90th Percentile £43.38 " £82.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.25 £16.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +119.70% -56.00% -6.25%

Legacy Systems is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 24,821 9,720 24,497
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.85% 31.50% 28.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,400 6,605 16,091
10th Percentile £305 £263 £267
25th Percentile £413 £370 £369
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £486 £475
Median % change year-on-year +8.02% +2.32% -
75th Percentile £625 £609 £581
90th Percentile £725 £724 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 692 315 863
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.02 £11.62
25th Percentile £15.04 £16.50 £14.28
Median hourly rate £25.00 £26.96 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -7.27% +31.51% +2.50%
75th Percentile £50.00 £45.25 £46.49
90th Percentile £64.98 £58.25 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.45 £23.40 £19.03
% change year-on-year -12.61% +22.96% +0.16%

Legacy Systems
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Legacy Systems as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Legacy Systems in the UK

Legacy Systems
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Legacy Systems.

Daily rate trend for Legacy Systems in the UK

Legacy Systems
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Legacy Systems over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Legacy Systems in the UK

Legacy Systems
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Legacy Systems.

Hourly rate trend for Legacy Systems in the UK

Legacy Systems
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Legacy Systems over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Legacy Systems in the UK

Legacy Systems
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Legacy Systems within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -29 610 £550 - 117
UK excluding London -1 334 £466 -3.02% 100
London -58 328 £600 - 34
Work from Home -90 205 £525 +15.07% 24
Scotland -8 90 £439 -6.40% 9
South East -33 81 £500 - 24
North of England -22 73 £484 -7.81% 23
Midlands -58 34 £475 +18.75% 20
Yorkshire -23 32 £425 -10.53% 11
North West -36 29 £525 -2.33% 11
East of England -33 27 £450 -14.29% 12
West Midlands -53 25 £463 +15.63% 14
South West -55 15 £513 +6.60% 4
Wales - 14 £515 - 8
North East - 12 £439 - 1
East Midlands -34 9 £512 +28.00% 6

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Legacy Systems also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Legacy Systems.

1 322 (38.98%) Agile Software Development
2 311 (37.65%) Migration
3 196 (23.73%) Finance
4 180 (21.79%) AWS
5 159 (19.25%) Microservices
6 152 (18.40%) Java
7 150 (18.16%) SQL
8 145 (17.55%) Azure
9 144 (17.43%) Social Skills
10 138 (16.71%) Data Migration
11 136 (16.46%) DevOps
12 125 (15.13%) Python
13 117 (14.16%) Stakeholder Management
14 114 (13.80%) Oracle
15 99 (11.99%) Public Sector
16 94 (11.38%) Serverless
17 89 (10.77%) JavaScript
18 87 (10.53%) Analytics
19 82 (9.93%) AWS Lambda
19 82 (9.93%) ETL
20 80 (9.69%) SAP
20 80 (9.69%) Test Automation
21 78 (9.44%) C#
22 75 (9.08%) Microsoft
23 73 (8.84%) ERP
23 73 (8.84%) PostgreSQL
23 73 (8.84%) Kubernetes
24 71 (8.60%) MongoDB
25 68 (8.23%) React
25 68 (8.23%) .NET

Legacy Systems
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (4.72%) Confluence
2 38 (4.60%) BizTalk Server
3 25 (3.03%) Elasticsearch
4 20 (2.42%) SharePoint
5 12 (1.45%) Apache
6 10 (1.21%) Apache Spark
7 9 (1.09%) CMS
7 9 (1.09%) SAS
8 7 (0.85%) Skype for Business
9 6 (0.73%) GemFire
10 4 (0.48%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 4 (0.48%) Documentum
10 4 (0.48%) MS Exchange
11 3 (0.36%) CICS
11 3 (0.36%) JBoss
11 3 (0.36%) nginx
11 3 (0.36%) OpenStack
11 3 (0.36%) Red Hat Fuse
12 2 (0.24%) GeoServer
12 2 (0.24%) Hyperledger
Applications
1 28 (3.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (2.06%) Spreadsheet
3 13 (1.57%) Microsoft Project
4 6 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.24%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.12%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.12%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.12%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 33 (4.00%) SAP S/4HANA
2 13 (1.57%) Orchestrade
3 8 (0.97%) NetSuite
4 7 (0.85%) Dynamics CRM
5 6 (0.73%) Oracle EBS
6 5 (0.61%) Maximo
6 5 (0.61%) Oracle ERP
6 5 (0.61%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
6 5 (0.61%) SAP HCM
7 4 (0.48%) Dynamics AX
7 4 (0.48%) SAP CAR
7 4 (0.48%) SAP ERP
7 4 (0.48%) Workday HCM
8 3 (0.36%) Dynamics NAV
8 3 (0.36%) Elite 3E
8 3 (0.36%) SAP MDG
8 3 (0.36%) SAP Retail
9 2 (0.24%) SAP CO
9 2 (0.24%) SAP FI/CO
9 2 (0.24%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 180 (21.79%) AWS
2 145 (17.55%) Azure
3 94 (11.38%) Serverless
4 82 (9.93%) AWS Lambda
5 49 (5.93%) OpenShift
6 47 (5.69%) Amazon S3
7 45 (5.45%) SaaS
8 40 (4.84%) Azure Functions
9 38 (4.60%) AWS CloudFormation
10 37 (4.48%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 33 (4.00%) Azure Logic Apps
12 32 (3.87%) Azure Storage
13 26 (3.15%) Azure Data Factory
14 24 (2.91%) Power Platform
15 23 (2.78%) GCP
16 22 (2.66%) PaaS
17 21 (2.54%) GitHub
17 21 (2.54%) Microsoft 365
18 17 (2.06%) Dynamics 365
19 10 (1.21%) Azure Synapse Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 14 (1.69%) Unified Communications
2 10 (1.21%) HTTP
3 7 (0.85%) Skype
3 7 (0.85%) SSL
4 5 (0.61%) Firewall
5 4 (0.48%) DNS
5 4 (0.48%) Internet
5 4 (0.48%) Intranet
5 4 (0.48%) PBX
5 4 (0.48%) PSTN
6 2 (0.24%) LAN
6 2 (0.24%) SNMP
6 2 (0.24%) VoIP
6 2 (0.24%) WAN
7 1 (0.12%) Broadband
7 1 (0.12%) DHCP
7 1 (0.12%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.12%) ISDN
7 1 (0.12%) SNA
7 1 (0.12%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 73 (8.84%) PostgreSQL
2 71 (8.60%) MongoDB
3 44 (5.33%) Azure SQL Database
3 44 (5.33%) SQL Server
4 39 (4.72%) Data Warehouse
5 38 (4.60%) Amazon Aurora
6 25 (3.03%) NoSQL
6 25 (3.03%) Relational Database
7 21 (2.54%) Big Data
8 19 (2.30%) Power BI
9 18 (2.18%) Data Lake
10 16 (1.94%) Hadoop
11 15 (1.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 13 (1.57%) RDBMS
13 10 (1.21%) Oracle Database
13 10 (1.21%) SAP HANA
14 7 (0.85%) Informix
14 7 (0.85%) Oracle Reports
14 7 (0.85%) Redis
14 7 (0.85%) SAP Data Services
Development Applications
1 59 (7.14%) Jenkins
2 49 (5.93%) JIRA
3 26 (3.15%) Git (software)
4 20 (2.42%) GitLab
5 14 (1.69%) Cypress.io
6 9 (1.09%) Cucumber
7 8 (0.97%) CircleCI
8 7 (0.85%) Hudson
9 6 (0.73%) Bitbucket
9 6 (0.73%) LSMW
10 5 (0.61%) SonarQube
11 4 (0.48%) Bundler
11 4 (0.48%) Capybara
11 4 (0.48%) git-flow
11 4 (0.48%) JUnit
11 4 (0.48%) RSpec
11 4 (0.48%) Spinnaker
11 4 (0.48%) WebDriver
12 2 (0.24%) Gatling
12 2 (0.24%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 196 (23.73%) Finance
2 144 (17.43%) Social Skills
3 99 (11.99%) Public Sector
4 49 (5.93%) Analytical Skills
5 48 (5.81%) Banking
5 48 (5.81%) Retail
6 29 (3.51%) Front Office
7 25 (3.03%) Influencing Skills
8 17 (2.06%) Law
9 16 (1.94%) Legal
9 16 (1.94%) Manufacturing
9 16 (1.94%) Marketing
10 14 (1.69%) Telecoms
11 13 (1.57%) Investment Banking
11 13 (1.57%) Presentation Skills
12 12 (1.45%) French Language
13 10 (1.21%) Back Office
14 9 (1.09%) Documentation Skills
15 7 (0.85%) Automotive
15 7 (0.85%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 192 (23.24%) Developer
2 135 (16.34%) Architect
3 99 (11.99%) Analyst
4 98 (11.86%) Project Manager
5 52 (6.30%) Solutions Architect
6 42 (5.08%) Business Analyst
6 42 (5.08%) Java Developer
7 40 (4.84%) Consultant
8 37 (4.48%) C# Developer
9 32 (3.87%) Data Analyst
10 30 (3.63%) DevOps Engineer
11 27 (3.27%) Data Architect
12 26 (3.15%) Senior Developer
13 25 (3.03%) Azure Developer
13 25 (3.03%) Technical Architect
14 23 (2.78%) Technical Leader
15 21 (2.54%) Systems Analyst
16 20 (2.42%) Energy Trading Developer
16 20 (2.42%) Python Developer
17 19 (2.30%) Migration Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 68 (8.23%) .NET
1 68 (8.23%) React
2 57 (6.90%) Spring
3 51 (6.17%) Web Services
4 43 (5.21%) REST
4 43 (5.21%) Spring Boot
5 39 (4.72%) Node.js
6 36 (4.36%) HTML
7 33 (4.00%) .NET Core
8 29 (3.51%) Kafka
9 26 (3.15%) CSS
10 23 (2.78%) OAuth
11 22 (2.66%) OAuth2
11 22 (2.66%) Spring Security
12 20 (2.42%) AngularJS
13 18 (2.18%) RabbitMQ
13 18 (2.18%) XML
14 13 (1.57%) Oracle Fusion
15 12 (1.45%) .NET Framework
15 12 (1.45%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 51 (6.17%) User Experience
2 49 (5.93%) Cloud Native
3 33 (4.00%) Management Information System
4 26 (3.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 22 (2.66%) Fixed Income
6 21 (2.54%) Data Structures
7 19 (2.30%) Greenfield Project
8 17 (2.06%) Derivative
8 17 (2.06%) Self-Motivation
9 16 (1.94%) Legacy Applications
10 13 (1.57%) Virtual Team
11 12 (1.45%) Mainframe
12 11 (1.33%) Enterprise Software
12 11 (1.33%) NHS
13 9 (1.09%) Analytical Mindset
13 9 (1.09%) Clustering
13 9 (1.09%) Mobile App
14 8 (0.97%) CMDB
14 8 (0.97%) Legacy Code
14 8 (0.97%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 48 (5.81%) Windows
2 43 (5.21%) Linux
3 13 (1.57%) Unix
4 7 (0.85%) Windows Server
5 5 (0.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (0.36%) CentOS
7 2 (0.24%) Solaris
7 2 (0.24%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.12%) AIX
8 1 (0.12%) Kali Linux
8 1 (0.12%) MVS
8 1 (0.12%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.12%) Windows 2000 Server
8 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
8 1 (0.12%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 322 (38.98%) Agile Software Development
2 311 (37.65%) Migration
3 159 (19.25%) Microservices
4 138 (16.71%) Data Migration
5 136 (16.46%) DevOps
6 117 (14.16%) Stakeholder Management
7 87 (10.53%) Analytics
8 82 (9.93%) ETL
9 80 (9.69%) Test Automation
10 73 (8.84%) ERP
11 66 (7.99%) Problem-Solving
12 65 (7.87%) Project Management
13 61 (7.38%) Infrastructure as Code
13 61 (7.38%) Software Engineering
14 59 (7.14%) Scrum
14 59 (7.14%) Waterfall
15 54 (6.54%) Data Modelling
16 53 (6.42%) Full Stack Development
17 52 (6.30%) Human-Centred Design
17 52 (6.30%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 152 (18.40%) Java
2 150 (18.16%) SQL
3 125 (15.13%) Python
4 89 (10.77%) JavaScript
5 78 (9.44%) C#
6 56 (6.78%) C++
6 56 (6.78%) TypeScript
7 49 (5.93%) PL/SQL
8 47 (5.69%) T-SQL
9 36 (4.36%) Go
10 29 (3.51%) Java 11
11 22 (2.66%) Java 8
12 15 (1.82%) PHP
13 10 (1.21%) PowerShell
13 10 (1.21%) R
14 9 (1.09%) Bash Shell
14 9 (1.09%) C
15 7 (0.85%) VB
16 6 (0.73%) Scala
17 5 (0.61%) Perl
Qualifications
1 43 (5.21%) Degree
2 40 (4.84%) Security Cleared
3 30 (3.63%) SC Cleared
4 11 (1.33%) PMP
5 9 (1.09%) Computer Science Degree
6 7 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (0.85%) PMI Certification
7 4 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
8 3 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
8 3 (0.36%) CISSP
8 3 (0.36%) Master's Degree
9 2 (0.24%) ACCA
9 2 (0.24%) CCNP
9 2 (0.24%) CIMA
9 2 (0.24%) CISM
9 2 (0.24%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.24%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 1 (0.12%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.12%) CCNA
10 1 (0.12%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (4.96%) Accessibility
2 27 (3.27%) Data Quality
3 20 (2.42%) QA
4 13 (1.57%) PMO
5 12 (1.45%) MiFID
6 10 (1.21%) GDPR
7 4 (0.48%) Disclosure Scotland
8 3 (0.36%) COBIT
8 3 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 3 (0.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.24%) GRC
10 1 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
10 1 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 1 (0.12%) GMP
10 1 (0.12%) ISAE 3402
10 1 (0.12%) JSP 440
10 1 (0.12%) NIST
10 1 (0.12%) RMADS
10 1 (0.12%) SLA
10 1 (0.12%) SOC 2
System Software
1 64 (7.75%) Docker
2 7 (0.85%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.12%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Virtual Server
5 1 (0.12%) Postfix
5 1 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
5 1 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.12%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 73 (8.84%) Kubernetes
2 48 (5.81%) Grafana
3 24 (2.91%) Terraform
4 23 (2.78%) Ansible
5 18 (2.18%) Kibana
6 8 (0.97%) Puppet
6 8 (0.97%) Single Sign-On
7 4 (0.48%) Istio
8 3 (0.36%) Nagios
8 3 (0.36%) Packer
9 2 (0.24%) Prometheus
9 2 (0.24%) RSA Archer
10 1 (0.12%) CA Service Virtualization
10 1 (0.12%) Cisco CUCM
10 1 (0.12%) logstash
10 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Intune
10 1 (0.12%) Nessus
10 1 (0.12%) Nmap
10 1 (0.12%) Opscode Chef
10 1 (0.12%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 114 (13.80%) Oracle
2 80 (9.69%) SAP
3 75 (9.08%) Microsoft
4 45 (5.45%) MuleSoft
5 44 (5.33%) Salesforce.com
6 15 (1.82%) Databricks
6 15 (1.82%) ServiceNow
7 13 (1.57%) Google
8 12 (1.45%) IBM
8 12 (1.45%) Talend
9 11 (1.33%) hybris
9 11 (1.33%) Informatica
10 9 (1.09%) Atlassian
10 9 (1.09%) Workday
11 6 (0.73%) Cisco
12 5 (0.61%) Adobe
12 5 (0.61%) Cloudera
12 5 (0.61%) JD Edwards
12 5 (0.61%) VMware
13 4 (0.48%) Ariba