Period
to 23 July 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Protection Act in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 23 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Protection Act (DPA)
UK
6 months to
23 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 304 736 625
Rank change year-on-year +432 -111 +100
Contract jobs citing Data Protection Act 772 171 241
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.84% 0.17% 0.25%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.60% 0.51% 0.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 674 111 160
UK median daily rate £525 £425 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +23.53% -10.53% -
10th Percentile £283 £263 £178
90th Percentile £713 £600 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £400 £433
% change year-on-year +9.38% -7.51% +1.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 9 9
UK median hourly rate £29.96 £20.00 £16.05
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +49.80% +24.61% +9.74%
10th Percentile £10.95 £11.88 £10.94
90th Percentile £110.71 £25.80 £33.21
UK excluding London median hourly rate £70.00 £18.50 £19.00
% change year-on-year +278.38% -2.63% +46.15%

Data Protection Act is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 29,706 33,464 31,433
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.27% 32.40% 33.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,118 21,581 20,315
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.18% +2.30% +5.88%
10th Percentile £275 £273 £263
90th Percentile £669 £656 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,062 1,069 1,070
UK median hourly rate £20.50 £22.42 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.56% +12.10% -1.23%
10th Percentile £11.32 £12.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.25 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.70 £21.50 £18.98
% change year-on-year -13.02% +13.28% -5.10%

Data Protection Act
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Protection Act as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Data Protection Act.

Contractor daily rate trend for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 23 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Protection Act.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 23 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Protection Act within the UK over the 6 months to 23 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +400 712 £525 +23.53% 157
London +322 455 £575 +30.31% 71
UK excluding London +239 303 £438 +9.38% 92
South East +92 106 £425 +13.33% 25
North of England +69 65 £500 +29.03% 26
Scotland +68 50 £400 +110.80% 5
Midlands +46 40 £388 -13.89% 15
Yorkshire +50 39 £500 +37.93% 13
West Midlands +39 29 £388 -6.06% 12
North West +49 26 £406 +1.56% 13
South West 0 25 £575 +56.46% 10
East of England +15 13 £419 +19.64% 10
East Midlands +23 11 £388 -8.82% 2
Wales +3 4 £339 -28.68%

For the 6 months to 23 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Data Protection Act also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Data Protection Act.

1 772 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 230 (29.79%) Agile Software Development
3 206 (26.68%) Finance
4 119 (15.41%) Python
5 118 (15.28%) Java
6 108 (13.99%) JavaScript
7 101 (13.08%) SQL
8 87 (11.27%) Amazon AWS
9 83 (10.75%) Banking
10 81 (10.49%) .NET
11 80 (10.36%) C#
11 80 (10.36%) TDD
12 76 (9.84%) Front Office
13 73 (9.46%) DevOps
14 70 (9.07%) Microsoft Azure
15 65 (8.42%) React
16 62 (8.03%) Migration
17 61 (7.90%) Stakeholder Management
18 58 (7.51%) AngularJS
19 55 (7.12%) Windows
20 54 (6.99%) Ansible
21 53 (6.87%) Software Engineering
22 52 (6.74%) Microsoft
23 50 (6.48%) Test Automation
24 49 (6.35%) Linux
25 47 (6.09%) Problem-Solving
26 44 (5.70%) Scrum
26 44 (5.70%) HTML
26 44 (5.70%) SQL Server
27 43 (5.57%) Docker

Data Protection Act
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (2.07%) Apache Spark
2 13 (1.68%) Apache
3 12 (1.55%) Elasticsearch
4 8 (1.04%) Tomcat
5 7 (0.91%) SAS
5 7 (0.91%) SharePoint
6 6 (0.78%) MS Exchange
7 4 (0.52%) JBoss
7 4 (0.52%) Jetty
7 4 (0.52%) Skype for Business
8 2 (0.26%) CMS
8 2 (0.26%) Confluence
8 2 (0.26%) Exchange Server 2003
8 2 (0.26%) WebLogic
9 1 (0.13%) Apache Solr
9 1 (0.13%) iPlanet
9 1 (0.13%) Mule
9 1 (0.13%) Oracle Coherence
9 1 (0.13%) WebSphere
9 1 (0.13%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 17 (2.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (1.94%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (1.30%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.78%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.26%) AutoCAD
5 2 (0.26%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.26%) Sketch
6 1 (0.13%) Adobe After Effects
6 1 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.13%) Adobe Premiere
6 1 (0.13%) InVision
6 1 (0.13%) Maya
6 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.13%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 6 (0.78%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
1 6 (0.78%) SAP MM
2 5 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.65%) Oracle EBS
3 4 (0.52%) Endur
3 4 (0.52%) Oracle Applications
4 3 (0.39%) Oracle Cash Management
4 3 (0.39%) Oracle EBS R12
4 3 (0.39%) Oracle Payables
4 3 (0.39%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.26%) Oracle Internet Expenses
5 2 (0.26%) Oracle iSupplier
5 2 (0.26%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.26%) SAP MDG
5 2 (0.26%) SAP MDM
6 1 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.13%) SAP CO
6 1 (0.13%) SAP FI
6 1 (0.13%) SAP FI/CO
6 1 (0.13%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 87 (11.27%) Amazon AWS
2 70 (9.07%) Microsoft Azure
3 23 (2.98%) Google Cloud Platform
4 20 (2.59%) Office 365
5 13 (1.68%) AWS Lambda
5 13 (1.68%) Serverless
6 9 (1.17%) OpenShift
7 8 (1.04%) Power Platform
7 8 (1.04%) SaaS
8 6 (0.78%) Amazon ElastiCache
8 6 (0.78%) Amazon S3
9 5 (0.65%) GitHub
10 4 (0.52%) Dynamics 365
10 4 (0.52%) PaaS
11 3 (0.39%) Azure Active Directory
11 3 (0.39%) Cloud Computing
12 2 (0.26%) Amazon EC2
12 2 (0.26%) Amazon Kinesis
12 2 (0.26%) Amazon SQS
12 2 (0.26%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 36 (4.66%) Firewall
2 21 (2.72%) Network Security
3 17 (2.20%) Cisco ASA
4 10 (1.30%) LAN
4 10 (1.30%) WAN
5 9 (1.17%) HTTP
6 8 (1.04%) BGP
6 8 (1.04%) OSPF
7 7 (0.91%) Internet
7 7 (0.91%) VPN
8 6 (0.78%) TCP/IP
9 5 (0.65%) Intrusion Detection
9 5 (0.65%) Skype
10 4 (0.52%) DNS
10 4 (0.52%) IPsec
11 3 (0.39%) EIGRP
11 3 (0.39%) Wireless
12 2 (0.26%) Broadband
12 2 (0.26%) SMTP
12 2 (0.26%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (5.70%) SQL Server
2 40 (5.18%) Big Data
3 18 (2.33%) MySQL
4 16 (2.07%) Hadoop
5 15 (1.94%) Data Warehouse
6 13 (1.68%) Relational Database
7 12 (1.55%) MongoDB
8 11 (1.42%) NoSQL
9 8 (1.04%) Power BI
10 7 (0.91%) Amazon Redshift
10 7 (0.91%) PostgreSQL
11 6 (0.78%) Apache Cassandra
11 6 (0.78%) BigQuery
11 6 (0.78%) Redis
12 5 (0.65%) Apache Hive
12 5 (0.65%) OLAP
12 5 (0.65%) Oracle Database
12 5 (0.65%) Oracle OLAP
12 5 (0.65%) SQL Server 2008
12 5 (0.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 28 (3.63%) Jenkins
2 22 (2.85%) JIRA
3 21 (2.72%) Git (software)
4 12 (1.55%) Selenium
5 11 (1.42%) TeamCity
6 10 (1.30%) webpack
7 8 (1.04%) NUnit
8 7 (0.91%) Cucumber
9 6 (0.78%) JMeter
9 6 (0.78%) JUnit
9 6 (0.78%) Maven
9 6 (0.78%) Visual Studio Team System
10 5 (0.65%) Gradle
10 5 (0.65%) Mockito
10 5 (0.65%) Subversion
10 5 (0.65%) Team Foundation Server
10 5 (0.65%) Visual Studio
11 4 (0.52%) Jasmine
11 4 (0.52%) LoadRunner
12 3 (0.39%) Mocha
General
1 206 (26.68%) Finance
2 83 (10.75%) Banking
3 76 (9.84%) Front Office
4 29 (3.76%) Financial Institution
5 28 (3.63%) Investment Banking
6 19 (2.46%) Legal
7 13 (1.68%) Telecoms
8 7 (0.91%) Billing
9 6 (0.78%) Retail Banking
10 5 (0.65%) Marketing
10 5 (0.65%) Publishing
11 4 (0.52%) Back Office
11 4 (0.52%) General Ledger
11 4 (0.52%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.39%) Games
12 3 (0.39%) Law
12 3 (0.39%) Multimedia
13 2 (0.26%) Advertising
14 1 (0.13%) German Language
14 1 (0.13%) Retail
Job Titles
1 268 (34.72%) Developer
2 74 (9.59%) Analyst
3 54 (6.99%) Java Developer
4 50 (6.48%) C# Developer
5 49 (6.35%) Senior Developer
6 45 (5.83%) Python Developer
7 42 (5.44%) Consultant
8 36 (4.66%) .NET Developer
9 34 (4.40%) Architect
9 34 (4.40%) DevOps Engineer
10 32 (4.15%) Network Engineer
11 27 (3.50%) Project Manager
12 26 (3.37%) Business Analyst
12 26 (3.37%) JavaScript Developer
13 24 (3.11%) C# .NET Developer
14 19 (2.46%) Cloud Engineer
14 19 (2.46%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 18 (2.33%) Python Engineer
15 18 (2.33%) Security Engineer
16 17 (2.20%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (10.49%) .NET
2 65 (8.42%) React
3 58 (7.51%) AngularJS
4 44 (5.70%) HTML
5 39 (5.05%) Node.js
6 35 (4.53%) CSS
7 23 (2.98%) Angular 2
8 20 (2.59%) .NET Core
8 20 (2.59%) Spring
9 18 (2.33%) ASP.NET Web API
9 18 (2.33%) Middleware
10 17 (2.20%) RESTful
10 17 (2.20%) Web Services
11 16 (2.07%) REST
12 15 (1.94%) HTML5
12 15 (1.94%) Kafka
13 14 (1.81%) ASP.NET
14 11 (1.42%) Redux
14 11 (1.42%) WPF
15 9 (1.17%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 36 (4.66%) Analytical Skills
2 27 (3.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 27 (3.50%) Greenfield Project
3 26 (3.37%) Management Information System
4 17 (2.20%) Derivative
4 17 (2.20%) Equities
4 17 (2.20%) Freedom of Information
5 15 (1.94%) Freedom of Information Act
6 14 (1.81%) Data Structures
6 14 (1.81%) Equity Derivative
7 13 (1.68%) Data Centre
7 13 (1.68%) User Experience
8 11 (1.42%) Market Risk
9 9 (1.17%) Fixed Income
9 9 (1.17%) Hedge funds
9 9 (1.17%) Public Cloud
9 9 (1.17%) Self-Motivation
10 8 (1.04%) Reference Data
11 5 (0.65%) Algorithms
11 5 (0.65%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 55 (7.12%) Windows
2 49 (6.35%) Linux
3 29 (3.76%) Unix
4 18 (2.33%) Windows 10
5 14 (1.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 13 (1.68%) Windows 7
7 11 (1.42%) Windows Server
8 8 (1.04%) Android
9 4 (0.52%) Apple iOS
10 3 (0.39%) VMS
10 3 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.26%) OpenVMS
11 2 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
12 1 (0.13%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 772 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 230 (29.79%) Agile Software Development
3 80 (10.36%) TDD
4 73 (9.46%) DevOps
5 62 (8.03%) Migration
6 61 (7.90%) Stakeholder Management
7 53 (6.87%) Software Engineering
8 50 (6.48%) Test Automation
9 47 (6.09%) Problem-Solving
10 44 (5.70%) Scrum
11 39 (5.05%) Analytics
12 31 (4.02%) Microservices
13 27 (3.50%) Information Security
13 27 (3.50%) SDLC
14 26 (3.37%) Multithreading
15 25 (3.24%) OO
16 22 (2.85%) Project Management
17 21 (2.72%) Infrastructure as Code
18 20 (2.59%) Continuous Integration
18 20 (2.59%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 119 (15.41%) Python
2 118 (15.28%) Java
3 108 (13.99%) JavaScript
4 101 (13.08%) SQL
5 80 (10.36%) C#
6 29 (3.76%) C++
7 22 (2.85%) Scala
8 21 (2.72%) Perl
8 21 (2.72%) PowerShell
9 20 (2.59%) TypeScript
10 19 (2.46%) ES6
11 14 (1.81%) Java 8
11 14 (1.81%) VBA
12 12 (1.55%) Bash Shell
13 11 (1.42%) Ruby
14 10 (1.30%) PHP
14 10 (1.30%) PL/SQL
15 9 (1.17%) C
16 8 (1.04%) Groovy
17 7 (0.91%) Go
Qualifications
1 26 (3.37%) Degree
2 18 (2.33%) Security Cleared
3 16 (2.07%) SC Cleared
4 12 (1.55%) CISSP
5 9 (1.17%) Cisco Certification
5 9 (1.17%) CISM
6 8 (1.04%) CCNP
7 6 (0.78%) Computer Science Degree
8 5 (0.65%) CCNA
8 5 (0.65%) PhD
9 4 (0.52%) CISA
10 3 (0.39%) CCSA
10 3 (0.39%) CCSE
10 3 (0.39%) DV Cleared
10 3 (0.39%) GIAC
10 3 (0.39%) MCSE
10 3 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
11 2 (0.26%) MCP
12 1 (0.13%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (4.15%) GDPR
2 26 (3.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 13 (1.68%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 11 (1.42%) QA
5 9 (1.17%) NIST
5 9 (1.17%) PCI DSS
6 8 (1.04%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 6 (0.78%) Cyber Essentials
7 6 (0.78%) Data Quality
8 4 (0.52%) SLA
9 2 (0.26%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.13%) Basel II
10 1 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 1 (0.13%) IFRS
10 1 (0.13%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.13%) ISO 22301
10 1 (0.13%) MiFID
10 1 (0.13%) PA-DSS
10 1 (0.13%) PSD2
System Software
1 43 (5.57%) Docker
2 24 (3.11%) Active Directory
3 11 (1.42%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.52%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.26%) IAG
5 2 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.13%) Firmware
6 1 (0.13%) ISA Server
6 1 (0.13%) Microsoft App-V
6 1 (0.13%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 1 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
6 1 (0.13%) VMware NSX
6 1 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
6 1 (0.13%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 54 (6.99%) Ansible
2 42 (5.44%) Terraform
3 39 (5.05%) Kubernetes
4 17 (2.20%) SCCM
5 16 (2.07%) Puppet
6 14 (1.81%) Opscode Chef
7 6 (0.78%) Single Sign-On
8 4 (0.52%) SCOM
9 3 (0.39%) SCVMM
10 2 (0.26%) Cisco CUCM
10 2 (0.26%) Cobbler
10 2 (0.26%) Consul
10 2 (0.26%) Kibana
10 2 (0.26%) Nessus
10 2 (0.26%) Red Hat Satellite
11 1 (0.13%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
11 1 (0.13%) Grafana
11 1 (0.13%) Istio
11 1 (0.13%) Prometheus
11 1 (0.13%) Stealthwatch
Vendors
1 52 (6.74%) Microsoft
2 37 (4.79%) Oracle
3 35 (4.53%) Cisco
4 17 (2.20%) SAP
5 16 (2.07%) Google
6 14 (1.81%) Red Hat
7 12 (1.55%) VMware
8 11 (1.42%) CheckPoint
8 11 (1.42%) Juniper
9 10 (1.30%) Tableau
10 9 (1.17%) Palo Alto
11 6 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
12 5 (0.65%) Citrix
12 5 (0.65%) Netezza
12 5 (0.65%) Talend
13 4 (0.52%) Fortinet
13 4 (0.52%) Sybase
14 3 (0.39%) Ab Initio
14 3 (0.39%) Adobe
14 3 (0.39%) Calypso