Period
to 2 December 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Protection Act in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Protection Act (DPA)
UK
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 117 534 737
Rank change year-on-year +417 +203 +54
Contract jobs citing Data Protection Act 1,959 37 66
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.19% 0.099% 0.081%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 7.28% 0.32% 0.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,856 27 38
10th Percentile £313 £128 £198
25th Percentile £413 £193 £272
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £400 £375
Median % change year-on-year +25.00% +6.67% -6.25%
75th Percentile £606 £488 £479
90th Percentile £694 £636 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £400 £381
% change year-on-year +15.63% +4.92% +20.08%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 2 8
10th Percentile £8.91 £20.62 £14.98
25th Percentile £21.16 £21.56 £24.88
Median hourly rate £60.00 £23.11 £29.96
Median % change year-on-year +159.63% -22.86% +76.24%
75th Percentile £65.00 £24.67 "
90th Percentile £70.45 £25.60 £42.72
UK excluding London median hourly rate £60.00 £20.00 £28.00
% change year-on-year +200.00% -28.57% +75.00%

Data Protection Act is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 26,900 11,718 23,095
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.07% 31.46% 28.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,014 7,985 15,142
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
25th Percentile £413 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% - -
75th Percentile £638 £600 £575
90th Percentile £725 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £421 £425
% change year-on-year +6.89% -0.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 721 429 839
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.20 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.04 £16.50 £14.94
Median hourly rate £25.00 £26.51 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -5.70% +29.32% +2.50%
75th Percentile £49.50 £45.25 £45.00
90th Percentile £65.00 £60.00 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £20.21
% change year-on-year -20.00% +23.73% +9.22%

Data Protection Act
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Protection Act as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act.

Daily rate trend for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act.

Hourly rate trend for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Protection Act within the UK over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +399 1,769 £525 +31.25% 41
UK excluding London +275 1,049 £463 +15.63% 26
London +228 800 £575 +43.75% 17
North of England +139 413 £475 +206.45% 4
North West +93 283 £475 +206.45% 3
Midlands +74 198 £438 -7.89% 1
South East +73 197 £443 +33.08% 10
Scotland +61 182 £450 +71.76% 2
West Midlands +48 155 £450 -5.26% 1
Yorkshire - 112 £475 - 1
Work from Home -120 85 £470 +31.93% 6
South West -4 50 £500 -20.00% 3
East Midlands +1 43 £397 -
North East - 18 £400 -
East of England - 5 £146 - 6
Wales - 3 £525 -
Northern Ireland - 1 £375 -

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Data Protection Act also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Data Protection Act.

1 1,959 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 563 (28.74%) Agile Software Development
3 411 (20.98%) Finance
4 357 (18.22%) DevOps
5 332 (16.95%) Java
6 285 (14.55%) Azure
7 266 (13.58%) Python
7 266 (13.58%) Social Skills
8 252 (12.86%) AWS
9 233 (11.89%) SQL
10 188 (9.60%) Terraform
11 184 (9.39%) Windows
12 180 (9.19%) JavaScript
12 180 (9.19%) Kubernetes
13 175 (8.93%) Banking
14 173 (8.83%) Linux
15 171 (8.73%) Docker
16 159 (8.12%) Migration
17 155 (7.91%) Value Proposition
18 154 (7.86%) Microservices
19 149 (7.61%) Microsoft
20 142 (7.25%) Ansible
21 139 (7.10%) Stakeholder Management
22 138 (7.04%) .NET
23 136 (6.94%) Git (software)
24 135 (6.89%) TDD
25 128 (6.53%) Project Management
26 127 (6.48%) Jenkins
27 118 (6.02%) GitHub
28 116 (5.92%) C#

Data Protection Act
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (1.99%) Apache Spark
2 33 (1.68%) Confluence
3 31 (1.58%) SharePoint
4 23 (1.17%) Tomcat
5 19 (0.97%) Apache
6 14 (0.71%) Oracle Workflow
7 13 (0.66%) MS Exchange
7 13 (0.66%) SAS
8 12 (0.61%) WordPress
9 11 (0.56%) CICS
9 11 (0.56%) OpenStack
10 9 (0.46%) Cloud Foundry
10 9 (0.46%) Elasticsearch
10 9 (0.46%) IIS
10 9 (0.46%) JBoss
11 8 (0.41%) Red Hat Fuse
11 8 (0.41%) WebSphere
12 7 (0.36%) CMS
12 7 (0.36%) Liferay
12 7 (0.36%) WebLogic
Applications
1 32 (1.63%) InVision
2 25 (1.28%) Sketch
3 23 (1.17%) Microsoft Office
4 19 (0.97%) Figma
5 15 (0.77%) Microsoft Excel
6 7 (0.36%) MS Visio
6 7 (0.36%) Photoshop
7 6 (0.31%) Adobe Premiere
8 5 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
8 5 (0.26%) Siemens NX
9 4 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 4 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.051%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.051%) Stata
Business Applications
1 10 (0.51%) Magento
2 9 (0.46%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.41%) Shopify
3 8 (0.41%) Teamcenter
4 6 (0.31%) SAP CO
4 6 (0.31%) SAP FI
4 6 (0.31%) SAP FI/CO
4 6 (0.31%) SAP S/4HANA
5 4 (0.20%) ContrOCC
5 4 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
5 4 (0.20%) ION MarketView
6 3 (0.15%) Oracle CRM
6 3 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
6 3 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.10%) Infor M3
7 2 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
7 2 (0.10%) Oracle Financials
7 2 (0.10%) SAP EWM
7 2 (0.10%) SAP Travel Management
Cloud Services
1 285 (14.55%) Azure
2 252 (12.86%) AWS
3 118 (6.02%) GitHub
4 95 (4.85%) GCP
5 85 (4.34%) IaaS
6 81 (4.13%) Serverless
7 78 (3.98%) PaaS
8 65 (3.32%) Microsoft 365
9 48 (2.45%) AWS Lambda
10 41 (2.09%) Power Platform
11 28 (1.43%) Azure Active Directory
11 28 (1.43%) OpenShift
12 27 (1.38%) SaaS
13 25 (1.28%) Amazon EC2
13 25 (1.28%) GitHub Actions
14 23 (1.17%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 19 (0.97%) Snowflake
16 18 (0.92%) Azure Data Factory
16 18 (0.92%) Azure Functions
17 17 (0.87%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 65 (3.32%) Firewall
2 28 (1.43%) Network Security
3 16 (0.82%) VPN
4 14 (0.71%) 5G
4 14 (0.71%) SAN
5 13 (0.66%) Internet
5 13 (0.66%) NAS
6 12 (0.61%) VoIP
6 12 (0.61%) VSAN
7 11 (0.56%) Unified Communications
8 10 (0.51%) DNS
8 10 (0.51%) HTTP
9 9 (0.46%) Skype
9 9 (0.46%) WAN
10 8 (0.41%) LAN
11 7 (0.36%) 2G
11 7 (0.36%) TCP/IP
12 6 (0.31%) 4G
12 6 (0.31%) MVNO
13 5 (0.26%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (4.13%) Big Data
1 81 (4.13%) SQL Server
2 62 (3.16%) Hadoop
3 51 (2.60%) Data Lake
4 42 (2.14%) Relational Database
5 40 (2.04%) Apache Hive
5 40 (2.04%) Data Warehouse
6 38 (1.94%) NoSQL
7 36 (1.84%) MongoDB
8 34 (1.74%) Power BI
9 33 (1.68%) PostgreSQL
10 22 (1.12%) Oracle Database
11 20 (1.02%) Tableau
12 19 (0.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 17 (0.87%) MySQL
14 16 (0.82%) Pentaho
15 12 (0.61%) DB2
15 12 (0.61%) SQL Server 2016
15 12 (0.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 11 (0.56%) Delta Lake
Development Applications
1 136 (6.94%) Git (software)
2 127 (6.48%) Jenkins
3 82 (4.19%) JIRA
4 41 (2.09%) Maven
5 35 (1.79%) Bitbucket
6 34 (1.74%) TeamCity
7 31 (1.58%) GitLab
8 18 (0.92%) Sonatype Nexus
9 16 (0.82%) Eclipse
9 16 (0.82%) Subversion
10 15 (0.77%) Octopus Deploy
11 14 (0.71%) Mocha
11 14 (0.71%) Spinnaker
11 14 (0.71%) Visual Studio
12 13 (0.66%) CircleCI
12 13 (0.66%) Postman
12 13 (0.66%) Selenium
13 12 (0.61%) Jasmine
13 12 (0.61%) JUnit
13 12 (0.61%) SpecFlow
General
1 411 (20.98%) Finance
2 266 (13.58%) Social Skills
3 175 (8.93%) Banking
4 69 (3.52%) Telecoms
5 58 (2.96%) Analytical Skills
6 35 (1.79%) Marketing
7 34 (1.74%) Front Office
8 28 (1.43%) Legal
8 28 (1.43%) Presentation Skills
9 26 (1.33%) Games
10 25 (1.28%) Investment Banking
11 23 (1.17%) Organisational Skills
11 23 (1.17%) Public Sector
12 22 (1.12%) Retail
13 20 (1.02%) Law
14 15 (0.77%) Retail Banking
15 14 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
16 9 (0.46%) Influencing Skills
17 8 (0.41%) Local Government
17 8 (0.41%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 512 (26.14%) Developer
2 151 (7.71%) Architect
3 141 (7.20%) Analyst
4 126 (6.43%) Java Developer
5 112 (5.72%) Project Manager
6 109 (5.56%) DevOps Engineer
7 80 (4.08%) Business Analyst
7 80 (4.08%) Solutions Architect
8 79 (4.03%) Azure Engineer
9 72 (3.68%) Data Engineer
10 68 (3.47%) Consultant
11 64 (3.27%) Designer
12 44 (2.25%) Full Stack Developer
13 40 (2.04%) C# Developer
14 39 (1.99%) AWS Engineer
14 39 (1.99%) Python Developer
15 38 (1.94%) .NET Developer
16 37 (1.89%) Software Engineer
17 32 (1.63%) Senior Developer
18 27 (1.38%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 138 (7.04%) .NET
2 109 (5.56%) React
3 98 (5.00%) HTML
4 94 (4.80%) CSS
5 80 (4.08%) Spring
6 76 (3.88%) REST
7 74 (3.78%) Node.js
8 72 (3.68%) Spring Boot
9 61 (3.11%) Web Services
10 57 (2.91%) AngularJS
11 49 (2.50%) .NET Core
12 39 (1.99%) Kafka
13 38 (1.94%) .NET Framework
14 34 (1.74%) RESTful
15 33 (1.68%) SOAP
16 32 (1.63%) JSON
17 30 (1.53%) ASP.NET Web API
18 27 (1.38%) ASP.NET
19 24 (1.23%) GraphQL
19 24 (1.23%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 87 (4.44%) User Experience
2 52 (2.65%) Data Centre
3 45 (2.30%) Cloud Native
4 30 (1.53%) Mobile App
5 28 (1.43%) Management Information System
6 25 (1.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 25 (1.28%) Self-Motivation
7 23 (1.17%) Fixed Income
7 23 (1.17%) Public Cloud
8 19 (0.97%) Greenfield Project
9 17 (0.87%) Enterprise Software
10 16 (0.82%) Private Cloud
11 15 (0.77%) Credit Risk
11 15 (0.77%) Mainframe
12 14 (0.71%) Algorithms
12 14 (0.71%) Derivative
12 14 (0.71%) Legacy Applications
12 14 (0.71%) NHS
13 13 (0.66%) Data Structures
13 13 (0.66%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 184 (9.39%) Windows
2 173 (8.83%) Linux
3 72 (3.68%) Unix
4 67 (3.42%) Windows Server
5 42 (2.14%) Windows 10
6 30 (1.53%) Android
7 29 (1.48%) Apple iOS
8 20 (1.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 14 (0.71%) Windows 7
10 11 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
11 10 (0.51%) Windows Server 2016
12 6 (0.31%) Mac OS X
12 6 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (0.26%) Solaris
14 4 (0.20%) Windows Server 2019
15 3 (0.15%) Ubuntu
15 3 (0.15%) zOS
16 2 (0.10%) CentOS
17 1 (0.051%) AIX
17 1 (0.051%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,959 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 563 (28.74%) Agile Software Development
3 357 (18.22%) DevOps
4 159 (8.12%) Migration
5 155 (7.91%) Value Proposition
6 154 (7.86%) Microservices
7 139 (7.10%) Stakeholder Management
8 135 (6.89%) TDD
9 128 (6.53%) Project Management
10 109 (5.56%) Test Automation
11 105 (5.36%) Continuous Integration
12 101 (5.16%) Scrum
13 99 (5.05%) Cybersecurity
14 95 (4.85%) Infrastructure as Code
15 91 (4.65%) Software Engineering
16 86 (4.39%) Analytics
17 84 (4.29%) Problem-Solving
18 76 (3.88%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 74 (3.78%) Full Stack Development
19 74 (3.78%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 332 (16.95%) Java
2 266 (13.58%) Python
3 233 (11.89%) SQL
4 180 (9.19%) JavaScript
5 116 (5.92%) C#
6 88 (4.49%) Scala
7 61 (3.11%) PowerShell
8 56 (2.86%) Bash Shell
9 55 (2.81%) TypeScript
10 54 (2.76%) Java 8
11 50 (2.55%) C++
12 28 (1.43%) PL/SQL
13 25 (1.28%) Kotlin
14 21 (1.07%) Groovy
15 20 (1.02%) Go
15 20 (1.02%) Objective-C
16 19 (0.97%) C
17 17 (0.87%) Shell Script
18 16 (0.82%) Apple Swift
19 14 (0.71%) ES6
Qualifications
1 60 (3.06%) Security Cleared
2 56 (2.86%) SC Cleared
3 46 (2.35%) Degree
4 25 (1.28%) Cisco Certification
5 19 (0.97%) Microsoft Certification
6 16 (0.82%) CCNP
7 12 (0.61%) CISSP
7 12 (0.61%) Computer Science Degree
8 11 (0.56%) CCNA
9 7 (0.36%) Master's Degree
10 5 (0.26%) CISA
10 5 (0.26%) TOGAF Certification
11 4 (0.20%) AAT
11 4 (0.20%) BPSS Clearance
11 4 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
12 3 (0.15%) AWS Certification
12 3 (0.15%) CCIE
12 3 (0.15%) CISM
12 3 (0.15%) CSPO
12 3 (0.15%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (2.40%) GDPR
2 43 (2.19%) QA
3 17 (0.87%) Data Quality
3 17 (0.87%) PMO
4 14 (0.71%) MiFID
5 11 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 8 (0.41%) GRC
7 6 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials
8 5 (0.26%) Accessibility
8 5 (0.26%) GMP
8 5 (0.26%) GxP
8 5 (0.26%) NIST
8 5 (0.26%) SLA
9 4 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
9 4 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 4 (0.20%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.15%) Basel III
10 3 (0.15%) NIST 800
11 2 (0.10%) COBIT
11 2 (0.10%) PSD2
System Software
1 171 (8.73%) Docker
2 112 (5.72%) Active Directory
3 87 (4.44%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (0.87%) VMware NSX
4 17 (0.87%) vSphere
5 16 (0.82%) OpenAM
6 13 (0.66%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (0.61%) vCloud
8 8 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
9 6 (0.31%) Virtual Desktop
10 5 (0.26%) Hyper-V
11 4 (0.20%) XenApp
11 4 (0.20%) XenDesktop
12 3 (0.15%) Apache Flume
12 3 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 3 (0.15%) HDFS
12 3 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
12 3 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
13 2 (0.10%) NFS
13 2 (0.10%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 188 (9.60%) Terraform
2 180 (9.19%) Kubernetes
3 142 (7.25%) Ansible
4 51 (2.60%) Puppet
5 29 (1.48%) SCCM
6 26 (1.33%) Single Sign-On
7 17 (0.87%) vCenter Server
8 11 (0.56%) Prometheus
9 10 (0.51%) Oozie
9 10 (0.51%) Opscode Chef
9 10 (0.51%) Rancher
10 8 (0.41%) Microsoft Intune
11 7 (0.36%) Grafana
11 7 (0.36%) Kibana
11 7 (0.36%) Packer
12 6 (0.31%) Cisco UCCX
12 6 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
12 6 (0.31%) logstash
12 6 (0.31%) vRealize
13 5 (0.26%) Mesos
Vendors
1 149 (7.61%) Microsoft
2 109 (5.56%) Oracle
3 87 (4.44%) VMware
4 61 (3.11%) Google
5 47 (2.40%) Salesforce.com
6 35 (1.79%) Citrix
7 34 (1.74%) Cisco
8 27 (1.38%) Red Hat
9 25 (1.28%) Splunk
10 23 (1.17%) F5
11 21 (1.07%) Databricks
12 20 (1.02%) CheckPoint
12 20 (1.02%) Informatica
13 18 (0.92%) Ericsson
14 17 (0.87%) MuleSoft
14 17 (0.87%) ServiceNow
15 16 (0.82%) ForgeRock
16 15 (0.77%) Dell
16 15 (0.77%) HP
17 14 (0.71%) SAP