Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Protection Act in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 24 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Protection Act (DPA)
UK
6 months to
24 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 164 614 590
Rank change year-on-year +450 -24 +178
Contract jobs citing Data Protection Act 1,417 72 49
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.62% 0.12% 0.10%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 5.14% 0.41% 0.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,081 47 44
10th Percentile £323 £192 £292
25th Percentile £438 £260 £358
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £375 £475
Median % change year-on-year +40.00% -21.05% +11.76%
75th Percentile £629 £439 £711
90th Percentile £725 £565 £900
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £344 £558
% change year-on-year +45.45% -38.40% +24.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 13 1
10th Percentile £16.69 £13.00 -
25th Percentile £20.00 £14.00 -
Median hourly rate £22.50 £22.00 £35.00
Median % change year-on-year +2.27% -37.14% +18.64%
75th Percentile £67.36 £26.82 -
90th Percentile £77.32 £64.30 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £26.22 £35.00
% change year-on-year -14.17% -25.10% +204.35%

Data Protection Act is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 27,564 17,738 14,381
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.48% 30.42% 29.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,385 11,900 9,333
10th Percentile £313 £300 £250
25th Percentile £425 £400 £373
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £653 £600 £594
90th Percentile £763 £700 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +11.76% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 715 651 615
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.02 £12.61
25th Percentile £17.19 £16.00 £16.23
Median hourly rate £26.98 £25.14 £23.00
Median % change year-on-year +7.32% +9.30% +11.68%
75th Percentile £50.69 £48.63 £46.33
90th Percentile £66.00 £60.00 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.25 £23.21 £20.50
% change year-on-year -8.44% +13.22% +9.63%

Data Protection Act
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Protection Act as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act.

Daily rate trend for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 24 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act.

Hourly rate trend for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 24 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Protection Act within the UK over the 6 months to 24 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +386 1,177 £538 +43.33% 27
UK excluding London +306 837 £500 +45.45% 21
Work from Home +227 504 £525 +40.00% 9
London +227 500 £600 +54.84% 7
North of England +126 271 £525 +157.35% 7
Scotland +129 201 £488 +21.88%
North West +93 190 £500 +145.10% 2
South East +94 162 £525 +55.56% 8
Midlands +64 121 £475 - 1
West Midlands +38 97 £499 - 1
Yorkshire +28 65 £550 - 4
South West +4 39 £494 -5.95% 4
East Midlands - 24 £363 -
East of England -6 22 £520 +30.00%
North East - 16 £500 - 1
Wales - 16 £525 - 1
Northern Ireland - 6 £365 -

For the 6 months to 24 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Data Protection Act also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Data Protection Act.

1 1,417 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 345 (24.35%) Finance
3 304 (21.45%) Azure
4 303 (21.38%) Agile
5 302 (21.31%) DevOps
6 239 (16.87%) AWS
7 230 (16.23%) Terraform
8 212 (14.96%) Python
9 185 (13.06%) CI/CD
10 181 (12.77%) Kubernetes
11 173 (12.21%) Social Skills
12 163 (11.50%) Java
13 152 (10.73%) Ansible
14 144 (10.16%) SQL
14 144 (10.16%) Stakeholder Management
15 141 (9.95%) Linux
16 140 (9.88%) Migration
17 129 (9.10%) Microsoft
18 123 (8.68%) Windows
19 113 (7.97%) Banking
19 113 (7.97%) Value Proposition
20 108 (7.62%) Jenkins
21 107 (7.55%) Security Cleared
22 103 (7.27%) SC Cleared
23 92 (6.49%) Project Management
24 91 (6.42%) Docker
25 90 (6.35%) GitHub
26 87 (6.14%) Git (software)
27 80 (5.65%) GCP
27 80 (5.65%) Serverless

Data Protection Act
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (2.26%) Confluence
2 16 (1.13%) SAS
3 15 (1.06%) SharePoint
4 13 (0.92%) WebSphere
5 7 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 7 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
5 7 (0.49%) CMS
6 6 (0.42%) Camunda
6 6 (0.42%) MS Exchange
7 5 (0.35%) Apache Spark
7 5 (0.35%) IIS
8 4 (0.28%) JBoss
8 4 (0.28%) Red Hat Fuse
9 3 (0.21%) Apache
9 3 (0.21%) Liferay
9 3 (0.21%) nginx
9 3 (0.21%) Oracle Workflow
9 3 (0.21%) WebLogic
9 3 (0.21%) WildFly
10 2 (0.14%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 24 (1.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (1.62%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 9 (0.64%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.42%) InVision
5 6 (0.42%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.21%) Sketch
6 3 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.21%) SPSS
7 1 (0.071%) Adobe Captivate
7 1 (0.071%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 13 (0.92%) Sentinel
2 4 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.28%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.21%) Oracle Financials
3 3 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.14%) R3 Corda
4 2 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
4 2 (0.14%) Workday HCM
5 1 (0.071%) Endur
5 1 (0.071%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.071%) Misys Midas
5 1 (0.071%) Oracle Assets
5 1 (0.071%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.071%) Oracle General Ledger
5 1 (0.071%) Oracle iProcurement
5 1 (0.071%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.071%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.071%) SAP FI
5 1 (0.071%) SAP FI/CO
5 1 (0.071%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 304 (21.45%) Azure
2 239 (16.87%) AWS
3 90 (6.35%) GitHub
4 80 (5.65%) GCP
4 80 (5.65%) Serverless
5 68 (4.80%) PaaS
6 65 (4.59%) Microsoft 365
7 48 (3.39%) AWS Lambda
8 42 (2.96%) IaaS
9 39 (2.75%) SaaS
10 35 (2.47%) Amazon EKS
11 34 (2.40%) Azure Data Factory
11 34 (2.40%) OpenShift
12 30 (2.12%) Azure Active Directory
13 22 (1.55%) Amazon S3
14 21 (1.48%) Snowflake
15 19 (1.34%) AWS CloudFormation
16 18 (1.27%) Azure Functions
16 18 (1.27%) GitHub Actions
17 16 (1.13%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 69 (4.87%) Firewall
2 23 (1.62%) WAN
3 19 (1.34%) LAN
4 17 (1.20%) Network Security
5 14 (0.99%) SSL
6 12 (0.85%) HTTP
7 9 (0.64%) Internet
7 9 (0.64%) SD-WAN
7 9 (0.64%) TCP/IP
7 9 (0.64%) VPN
8 8 (0.56%) Cisco IPT
8 8 (0.56%) Wi-Fi
9 7 (0.49%) DNS
10 5 (0.35%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
10 5 (0.35%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
10 5 (0.35%) Software-Defined Networking
10 5 (0.35%) VoIP
10 5 (0.35%) VSAN
11 4 (0.28%) Cisco Nexus
11 4 (0.28%) Structured Cabling
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (2.82%) Data Lake
1 40 (2.82%) SQL Server
2 33 (2.33%) Data Warehouse
3 30 (2.12%) MongoDB
4 21 (1.48%) Amazon RDS
5 13 (0.92%) Oracle Database
5 13 (0.92%) PostgreSQL
5 13 (0.92%) Power BI
6 11 (0.78%) Hadoop
7 8 (0.56%) Big Data
7 8 (0.56%) DB2
8 7 (0.49%) NoSQL
8 7 (0.49%) Redis
8 7 (0.49%) Relational Database
8 7 (0.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 6 (0.42%) BigQuery
9 6 (0.42%) Metadata
9 6 (0.42%) MySQL
9 6 (0.42%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 6 (0.42%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 108 (7.62%) Jenkins
2 87 (6.14%) Git (software)
3 79 (5.58%) JIRA
4 37 (2.61%) GitLab
5 25 (1.76%) Bitbucket
6 19 (1.34%) Artifactory
7 15 (1.06%) Cucumber
7 15 (1.06%) Maven
8 14 (0.99%) Spinnaker
8 14 (0.99%) TeamCity
9 13 (0.92%) Selenium
10 12 (0.85%) Sonatype Nexus
11 10 (0.71%) JUnit
12 8 (0.56%) Subversion
13 7 (0.49%) Postman
13 7 (0.49%) SonarQube
13 7 (0.49%) Visual Studio
14 6 (0.42%) Zephyr
15 5 (0.35%) Android Studio
15 5 (0.35%) SpecFlow
General
1 345 (24.35%) Finance
2 173 (12.21%) Social Skills
3 113 (7.97%) Banking
4 75 (5.29%) Telecoms
5 51 (3.60%) Analytical Skills
6 36 (2.54%) Legal
7 31 (2.19%) Public Sector
8 22 (1.55%) Front Office
8 22 (1.55%) Marketing
9 18 (1.27%) Presentation Skills
10 16 (1.13%) Law
11 12 (0.85%) Investment Banking
12 11 (0.78%) Aerospace
13 10 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
14 9 (0.64%) Games
15 8 (0.56%) Automotive
15 8 (0.56%) Influencing Skills
15 8 (0.56%) Retail
16 7 (0.49%) Digital Economy
17 6 (0.42%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 234 (16.51%) Developer
2 169 (11.93%) Architect
3 133 (9.39%) DevOps Engineer
4 116 (8.19%) Analyst
5 103 (7.27%) Project Manager
6 95 (6.70%) Azure Engineer
7 70 (4.94%) Data Engineer
8 55 (3.88%) Business Analyst
9 50 (3.53%) Azure Architect
10 42 (2.96%) Java Developer
11 41 (2.89%) Solutions Architect
12 39 (2.75%) Consultant
13 32 (2.26%) AWS Engineer
13 32 (2.26%) Support Engineer
14 31 (2.19%) Security Engineer
15 30 (2.12%) Infrastructure Architect
16 29 (2.05%) IT Manager
16 29 (2.05%) Python Developer
17 26 (1.83%) iOS Developer
18 24 (1.69%) IT Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 56 (3.95%) .NET
2 52 (3.67%) React
3 47 (3.32%) JSON
4 43 (3.03%) Spring
5 40 (2.82%) REST
6 37 (2.61%) Kafka
7 34 (2.40%) Spring Boot
8 31 (2.19%) AngularJS
8 31 (2.19%) HTML
8 31 (2.19%) Web Services
9 29 (2.05%) iOS SDK
10 27 (1.91%) CSS
10 27 (1.91%) RESTful
11 23 (1.62%) XML
12 17 (1.20%) ARM Templates
12 17 (1.20%) Elastic Stack
12 17 (1.20%) Node.js
12 17 (1.20%) YAML
13 13 (0.92%) ASP.NET
14 12 (0.85%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 62 (4.38%) Data Centre
2 51 (3.60%) Public Cloud
3 45 (3.18%) Private Cloud
4 40 (2.82%) User Experience
5 32 (2.26%) Mobile App
6 28 (1.98%) Management Information System
7 26 (1.83%) SWIFT
8 19 (1.34%) Data Structures
9 16 (1.13%) Greenfield Project
9 16 (1.13%) Virtual Team
10 15 (1.06%) Freedom of Information
11 14 (0.99%) Algorithms
11 14 (0.99%) Self-Motivation
12 13 (0.92%) Freedom of Information Act
12 13 (0.92%) Linux Command Line
13 10 (0.71%) Cloud Native
14 9 (0.64%) NHS
15 7 (0.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 7 (0.49%) Mobile Banking
15 7 (0.49%) Mobile Games
Operating Systems
1 141 (9.95%) Linux
2 123 (8.68%) Windows
3 78 (5.50%) Unix
4 38 (2.68%) Windows 10
5 27 (1.91%) Apple iOS
6 25 (1.76%) Android
7 21 (1.48%) Windows Server
8 14 (0.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 14 (0.99%) Windows 7
9 4 (0.28%) Mac OS X
10 3 (0.21%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.21%) Windows Server 2019
11 2 (0.14%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.14%) Solaris
11 2 (0.14%) VMS
11 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2016
12 1 (0.071%) CentOS
12 1 (0.071%) Windows 8
12 1 (0.071%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.071%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,417 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 303 (21.38%) Agile
3 302 (21.31%) DevOps
4 185 (13.06%) CI/CD
5 144 (10.16%) Stakeholder Management
6 140 (9.88%) Migration
7 113 (7.97%) Value Proposition
8 92 (6.49%) Project Management
9 74 (5.22%) Infrastructure as Code
10 67 (4.73%) Scrum
11 62 (4.38%) Microservices
12 57 (4.02%) Coaching
13 54 (3.81%) Analytics
13 54 (3.81%) Technical Leadership
14 52 (3.67%) Problem-Solving
15 50 (3.53%) Open Source
16 48 (3.39%) TDD
17 45 (3.18%) Mentoring
18 42 (2.96%) Requirements Gathering
18 42 (2.96%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 212 (14.96%) Python
2 163 (11.50%) Java
3 144 (10.16%) SQL
4 77 (5.43%) JavaScript
5 40 (2.82%) C#
6 36 (2.54%) PowerShell
7 33 (2.33%) Bash
8 29 (2.05%) Groovy
9 25 (1.76%) Scala
10 22 (1.55%) TypeScript
11 20 (1.41%) Kotlin
12 17 (1.20%) C++
13 16 (1.13%) Shell Script
14 14 (0.99%) Ruby
15 12 (0.85%) Apple Swift
16 10 (0.71%) VBScript
17 9 (0.64%) PL/SQL
18 6 (0.42%) Go
19 5 (0.35%) R
20 4 (0.28%) Google Apps Script
Qualifications
1 107 (7.55%) Security Cleared
2 103 (7.27%) SC Cleared
3 27 (1.91%) Degree
4 17 (1.20%) ISEB
5 15 (1.06%) Cisco Certification
6 14 (0.99%) CISSP
7 13 (0.92%) CISM
8 10 (0.71%) AWS Certification
9 9 (0.64%) CCNP
9 9 (0.64%) CISA
10 7 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
10 7 (0.49%) DV Cleared
10 7 (0.49%) ISEB Practitioner
11 6 (0.42%) CCIE
12 5 (0.35%) Master's Degree
13 4 (0.28%) Computer Science Degree
14 3 (0.21%) APMP
15 2 (0.14%) CCNA
15 2 (0.14%) ISACA
15 2 (0.14%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (3.53%) GDPR
2 23 (1.62%) QA
3 18 (1.27%) Data Quality
4 16 (1.13%) PMO
5 15 (1.06%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 11 (0.78%) Accessibility
7 10 (0.71%) SLA
8 8 (0.56%) NIST
9 6 (0.42%) MiFID
10 4 (0.28%) PCI DSS
11 3 (0.21%) ISO 20022
11 3 (0.21%) WCAG
12 2 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
12 2 (0.14%) EMIR
12 2 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 2 (0.14%) P3O
12 2 (0.14%) PSD2
13 1 (0.071%) GRC
13 1 (0.071%) GxP
13 1 (0.071%) NIST 800
System Software
1 91 (6.42%) Docker
2 71 (5.01%) Active Directory
3 53 (3.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.56%) vSphere
5 7 (0.49%) Hyper-V
5 7 (0.49%) Virtual Desktop
5 7 (0.49%) VMware NSX
6 6 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.42%) VMware ESXi
7 4 (0.28%) vCloud
8 3 (0.21%) EMC RecoverPoint
9 1 (0.071%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
9 1 (0.071%) BitLocker
9 1 (0.071%) Firmware
9 1 (0.071%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.071%) Time Sharing Option
9 1 (0.071%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.071%) XenApp
9 1 (0.071%) XenDesktop
9 1 (0.071%) zsh
Systems Management
1 230 (16.23%) Terraform
2 181 (12.77%) Kubernetes
3 152 (10.73%) Ansible
4 25 (1.76%) Puppet
5 19 (1.34%) SCCM
6 15 (1.06%) Grafana
7 14 (0.99%) Prometheus
8 12 (0.85%) Kibana
8 12 (0.85%) Microsoft Intune
8 12 (0.85%) Opscode Chef
9 11 (0.78%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 11 (0.78%) Packer
10 10 (0.71%) vCenter Server
11 6 (0.42%) CA Single Sign-On
12 4 (0.28%) AirWatch
12 4 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.21%) Cisco CUCM
13 3 (0.21%) Jamf Pro
13 3 (0.21%) vRealize
13 3 (0.21%) VxRail
Vendors
1 129 (9.10%) Microsoft
2 70 (4.94%) Oracle
3 68 (4.80%) Google
4 54 (3.81%) VMware
5 39 (2.75%) Cisco
6 25 (1.76%) Databricks
7 21 (1.48%) Citrix
7 21 (1.48%) Splunk
8 18 (1.27%) SAP
8 18 (1.27%) ServiceNow
9 17 (1.20%) AppDynamics
10 14 (0.99%) Red Hat
11 13 (0.92%) F5
11 13 (0.92%) Salesforce.com
12 11 (0.78%) Adobe
12 11 (0.78%) Dell
12 11 (0.78%) Teradata
13 10 (0.71%) IBM
14 9 (0.64%) BT
14 9 (0.64%) Juniper