Period
to 16 September 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Protection Act in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 16 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Protection Act (DPA)
UK
6 months to
16 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 147 489 775
Rank change year-on-year +342 +286 +16
Contract jobs citing Data Protection Act 1,441 31 68
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.82% 0.10% 0.077%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 6.10% 0.33% 0.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,354 25 40
10th Percentile £346 £172 £151
25th Percentile £413 £281 £212
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £325
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +46.15% -18.75%
75th Percentile £613 £690 £450
90th Percentile £700 £890 £488
UK excluding London median daily rate £465 £475 £355
% change year-on-year -2.11% +33.80% -5.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 2 10
10th Percentile £12.75 £13.63 £13.45
25th Percentile £20.00 £14.69 £14.19
Median hourly rate £60.00 £17.42 £29.96
Median % change year-on-year +244.38% -41.85% +68.79%
75th Percentile £65.00 £19.19 "
90th Percentile £65.25 £19.68 £72.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £60.00 £17.42 £43.00
% change year-on-year +244.38% -59.48% +152.94%

Data Protection Act is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 23,623 9,497 25,746
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.80% 31.36% 28.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,420 6,357 16,852
10th Percentile £307 £263 £275
25th Percentile £413 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £490 £475
Median % change year-on-year +4.59% +3.16% -
75th Percentile £625 £609 £575
90th Percentile £713 £725 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 680 338 871
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.26 £11.61
25th Percentile £15.04 £17.41 £14.15
Median hourly rate £24.55 £27.50 £20.75
Median % change year-on-year -10.75% +32.53% -1.19%
75th Percentile £48.94 £47.25 £47.50
90th Percentile £64.78 £57.15 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.20 £24.00 £19.03
% change year-on-year -11.67% +26.12% -

Data Protection Act
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Protection Act as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act.

Daily rate trend for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 16 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act.

Hourly rate trend for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 16 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Data Protection Act in the UK

Data Protection Act
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Protection Act within the UK over the 6 months to 16 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +335 1,330 £525 +10.53% 33
UK excluding London +230 761 £465 -2.11% 22
London +199 601 £563 +28.57% 14
North of England +113 313 £475 -28.03% 6
North West +76 210 £475 -28.03% 3
Midlands +50 157 £450 -5.26% 3
South East +43 146 £443 -36.33% 1
West Midlands +46 140 £463 -2.63% 1
Scotland +17 106 £448 +260.89%
Yorkshire - 93 £475 - 2
Work from Home -193 66 £475 +89.05% 1
South West -17 36 £500 -41.18% 7
East Midlands -22 17 £425 - 2
North East - 10 £525 - 1
East of England - 2 £146 - 2
Northern Ireland - 1 £375 -

For the 6 months to 16 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Data Protection Act also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Data Protection Act.

1 1,441 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 403 (27.97%) Agile Software Development
3 297 (20.61%) Finance
4 275 (19.08%) DevOps
5 269 (18.67%) Java
6 213 (14.78%) Azure
7 211 (14.64%) Python
8 206 (14.30%) Social Skills
9 192 (13.32%) AWS
10 174 (12.07%) SQL
11 139 (9.65%) JavaScript
12 136 (9.44%) Terraform
13 135 (9.37%) Docker
14 128 (8.88%) Kubernetes
15 126 (8.74%) Banking
16 116 (8.05%) Value Proposition
17 115 (7.98%) Linux
17 115 (7.98%) Migration
18 114 (7.91%) Microservices
19 113 (7.84%) Windows
20 102 (7.08%) GitHub
21 101 (7.01%) TDD
22 100 (6.94%) Microsoft
23 97 (6.73%) Stakeholder Management
23 97 (6.73%) Ansible
24 95 (6.59%) Git (software)
24 95 (6.59%) .NET
25 93 (6.45%) Project Management
26 90 (6.25%) C#
27 88 (6.11%) React

Data Protection Act
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (1.73%) Apache Spark
2 21 (1.46%) SharePoint
2 21 (1.46%) Tomcat
3 19 (1.32%) Confluence
4 13 (0.90%) Apache
5 12 (0.83%) WordPress
6 11 (0.76%) CICS
7 10 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
7 10 (0.69%) Oracle Workflow
7 10 (0.69%) SAS
8 8 (0.56%) MS Exchange
8 8 (0.56%) WebSphere
9 7 (0.49%) IIS
10 6 (0.42%) Elasticsearch
10 6 (0.42%) JBoss
10 6 (0.42%) OpenStack
10 6 (0.42%) Red Hat Fuse
10 6 (0.42%) WebLogic
11 5 (0.35%) CMS
12 4 (0.28%) Liferay
Applications
1 31 (2.15%) InVision
2 24 (1.67%) Sketch
3 17 (1.18%) Figma
4 9 (0.62%) Microsoft Office
5 8 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
6 7 (0.49%) Photoshop
7 6 (0.42%) Adobe Premiere
8 3 (0.21%) MS Visio
8 3 (0.21%) Siemens NX
9 2 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 2 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.069%) Stata
Business Applications
1 10 (0.69%) Magento
2 7 (0.49%) Shopify
3 6 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.42%) SAP CO
3 6 (0.42%) SAP FI
3 6 (0.42%) SAP FI/CO
3 6 (0.42%) SAP S/4HANA
4 4 (0.28%) ION MarketView
4 4 (0.28%) Teamcenter
5 3 (0.21%) ContrOCC
5 3 (0.21%) Oracle CRM
5 3 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
6 2 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
6 2 (0.14%) SAP EWM
6 2 (0.14%) SAP Travel Management
7 1 (0.069%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 213 (14.78%) Azure
2 192 (13.32%) AWS
3 102 (7.08%) GitHub
4 84 (5.83%) IaaS
5 80 (5.55%) Serverless
6 77 (5.34%) PaaS
7 70 (4.86%) GCP
8 45 (3.12%) AWS Lambda
9 30 (2.08%) GitHub Actions
10 24 (1.67%) Power Platform
11 23 (1.60%) Microsoft 365
12 20 (1.39%) Azure Functions
13 19 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
13 19 (1.32%) Azure Active Directory
14 17 (1.18%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 17 (1.18%) SaaS
14 17 (1.18%) Snowflake
15 15 (1.04%) Azure Data Factory
16 14 (0.97%) Amazon S3
17 13 (0.90%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 46 (3.19%) Firewall
2 13 (0.90%) Internet
3 12 (0.83%) Network Security
4 11 (0.76%) NAS
4 11 (0.76%) SAN
4 11 (0.76%) VPN
5 9 (0.62%) Unified Communications
6 8 (0.56%) VoIP
7 7 (0.49%) VSAN
8 6 (0.42%) DNS
8 6 (0.42%) Skype
8 6 (0.42%) WAN
9 5 (0.35%) HTTP
9 5 (0.35%) LAN
9 5 (0.35%) MVNO
9 5 (0.35%) TCP/IP
10 4 (0.28%) 5G
10 4 (0.28%) Cisco ASA
11 3 (0.21%) Intranet
11 3 (0.21%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 67 (4.65%) Big Data
2 62 (4.30%) SQL Server
3 51 (3.54%) Hadoop
4 40 (2.78%) Data Lake
5 33 (2.29%) Apache Hive
6 32 (2.22%) NoSQL
6 32 (2.22%) Relational Database
7 29 (2.01%) Data Warehouse
8 26 (1.80%) PostgreSQL
9 19 (1.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 18 (1.25%) Power BI
11 17 (1.18%) MySQL
12 16 (1.11%) Oracle Database
12 16 (1.11%) Tableau
13 13 (0.90%) Pentaho
14 12 (0.83%) Delta Lake
15 11 (0.76%) DB2
16 10 (0.69%) MongoDB
17 9 (0.62%) Azure SQL Database
17 9 (0.62%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 95 (6.59%) Git (software)
2 80 (5.55%) Jenkins
3 56 (3.89%) JIRA
4 35 (2.43%) Maven
5 24 (1.67%) GitLab
6 23 (1.60%) Bitbucket
7 20 (1.39%) TeamCity
8 15 (1.04%) Sonatype Nexus
9 14 (0.97%) Eclipse
10 12 (0.83%) Subversion
11 10 (0.69%) CircleCI
11 10 (0.69%) IntelliJ
11 10 (0.69%) Mocha
11 10 (0.69%) Octopus Deploy
12 9 (0.62%) JUnit
12 9 (0.62%) Postman
12 9 (0.62%) SonarQube
13 8 (0.56%) Xcode
14 7 (0.49%) SpecFlow
14 7 (0.49%) XPEDITER
General
1 297 (20.61%) Finance
2 206 (14.30%) Social Skills
3 126 (8.74%) Banking
4 40 (2.78%) Analytical Skills
4 40 (2.78%) Telecoms
5 24 (1.67%) Legal
5 24 (1.67%) Presentation Skills
5 24 (1.67%) Public Sector
6 23 (1.60%) Marketing
7 22 (1.53%) Front Office
8 21 (1.46%) Organisational Skills
9 16 (1.11%) Games
9 16 (1.11%) Investment Banking
9 16 (1.11%) Retail
10 12 (0.83%) Pharmaceutical
10 12 (0.83%) Retail Banking
11 11 (0.76%) Local Government
12 10 (0.69%) Law
13 7 (0.49%) Back Office
13 7 (0.49%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 390 (27.06%) Developer
2 107 (7.43%) Java Developer
3 103 (7.15%) Architect
4 101 (7.01%) Analyst
5 75 (5.20%) Project Manager
6 74 (5.14%) Azure Engineer
7 71 (4.93%) DevOps Engineer
8 61 (4.23%) Designer
9 59 (4.09%) Business Analyst
9 59 (4.09%) Data Engineer
10 54 (3.75%) Solutions Architect
11 52 (3.61%) Consultant
12 38 (2.64%) AWS Engineer
13 33 (2.29%) Full Stack Developer
14 31 (2.15%) C# Developer
14 31 (2.15%) Python Developer
15 28 (1.94%) .NET Developer
16 27 (1.87%) Software Engineer
17 19 (1.32%) Site Engineer
17 19 (1.32%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 95 (6.59%) .NET
2 88 (6.11%) React
3 72 (5.00%) Spring
4 69 (4.79%) HTML
5 68 (4.72%) CSS
6 62 (4.30%) Spring Boot
7 60 (4.16%) Node.js
8 52 (3.61%) REST
9 44 (3.05%) Web Services
10 34 (2.36%) .NET Core
11 32 (2.22%) AngularJS
12 27 (1.87%) RESTful
13 22 (1.53%) ASP.NET
13 22 (1.53%) JSON
14 21 (1.46%) SOAP
15 20 (1.39%) .NET Framework
15 20 (1.39%) GraphQL
15 20 (1.39%) Hibernate
16 18 (1.25%) ASP.NET Web API
17 17 (1.18%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 73 (5.07%) User Experience
2 45 (3.12%) Data Centre
3 38 (2.64%) Cloud Native
4 31 (2.15%) Management Information System
5 25 (1.73%) Mobile App
6 23 (1.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 19 (1.32%) Fixed Income
8 15 (1.04%) Self-Motivation
9 14 (0.97%) Enterprise Software
10 13 (0.90%) Derivative
10 13 (0.90%) Mainframe
11 12 (0.83%) Credit Risk
11 12 (0.83%) Cyberattack
11 12 (0.83%) Public Cloud
12 11 (0.76%) Blog
12 11 (0.76%) Freedom of Information
12 11 (0.76%) Freedom of Information Act
12 11 (0.76%) Greenfield Project
13 10 (0.69%) Algorithms
13 10 (0.69%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 115 (7.98%) Linux
2 113 (7.84%) Windows
3 53 (3.68%) Windows Server
4 47 (3.26%) Unix
5 21 (1.46%) Apple iOS
6 20 (1.39%) Android
7 15 (1.04%) Windows 10
8 11 (0.76%) Windows Server 2016
9 8 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
10 7 (0.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 4 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
12 3 (0.21%) Windows 7
12 3 (0.21%) zOS
13 2 (0.14%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.14%) Solaris
14 1 (0.069%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,441 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 403 (27.97%) Agile Software Development
3 275 (19.08%) DevOps
4 116 (8.05%) Value Proposition
5 115 (7.98%) Migration
6 114 (7.91%) Microservices
7 101 (7.01%) TDD
8 97 (6.73%) Stakeholder Management
9 93 (6.45%) Project Management
10 87 (6.04%) Cybersecurity
10 87 (6.04%) Infrastructure as Code
11 85 (5.90%) Test Automation
12 81 (5.62%) Continuous Integration
13 75 (5.20%) Infrastructure Engineering
14 68 (4.72%) Analytics
15 66 (4.58%) Scrum
16 65 (4.51%) Problem-Solving
17 64 (4.44%) Continuous Delivery
18 59 (4.09%) Software Engineering
19 57 (3.96%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 269 (18.67%) Java
2 211 (14.64%) Python
3 174 (12.07%) SQL
4 139 (9.65%) JavaScript
5 90 (6.25%) C#
6 78 (5.41%) Scala
7 48 (3.33%) PowerShell
8 42 (2.91%) Bash Shell
8 42 (2.91%) Java 8
9 37 (2.57%) TypeScript
10 34 (2.36%) C++
11 25 (1.73%) Kotlin
12 20 (1.39%) PL/SQL
13 18 (1.25%) Objective-C
14 15 (1.04%) Apple Swift
15 14 (0.97%) ES6
16 13 (0.90%) Go
16 13 (0.90%) Shell Script
17 12 (0.83%) COBOL
18 11 (0.76%) C
Qualifications
1 45 (3.12%) Degree
2 44 (3.05%) Security Cleared
3 41 (2.85%) SC Cleared
4 20 (1.39%) Microsoft Certification
5 16 (1.11%) Cisco Certification
6 13 (0.90%) CISSP
7 9 (0.62%) CCNA
7 9 (0.62%) CCNP
8 8 (0.56%) Computer Science Degree
9 6 (0.42%) CISM
9 6 (0.42%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.28%) CISA
10 4 (0.28%) ISEB
10 4 (0.28%) ITIL Certification
11 3 (0.21%) CSPO
11 3 (0.21%) PMI Certification
12 2 (0.14%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.14%) BPSS Clearance
12 2 (0.14%) CESG Certified Professional
12 2 (0.14%) ISACA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (3.61%) GDPR
2 40 (2.78%) QA
3 13 (0.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 13 (0.90%) MiFID
3 13 (0.90%) PMO
4 10 (0.69%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.49%) NIST
6 6 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 5 (0.35%) Cyber Essentials
7 5 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
7 5 (0.35%) GxP
7 5 (0.35%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.35%) SLA
8 4 (0.28%) GMP
8 4 (0.28%) GRC
8 4 (0.28%) RMADS
9 3 (0.21%) Accessibility
9 3 (0.21%) Basel III
9 3 (0.21%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 3 (0.21%) NIST 800
System Software
1 135 (9.37%) Docker
2 77 (5.34%) Active Directory
3 56 (3.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (1.11%) OpenAM
5 10 (0.69%) vSphere
6 7 (0.49%) vCloud
6 7 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (0.49%) VMware NSX
7 6 (0.42%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.35%) XenApp
8 5 (0.35%) XenDesktop
9 3 (0.21%) Apache Flume
9 3 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.21%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.14%) Microsoft App-V
10 2 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.14%) VMware Server
11 1 (0.069%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 1 (0.069%) Firmware
11 1 (0.069%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 136 (9.44%) Terraform
2 128 (8.88%) Kubernetes
3 97 (6.73%) Ansible
4 41 (2.85%) Puppet
5 25 (1.73%) Single Sign-On
6 16 (1.11%) SCCM
7 7 (0.49%) vCenter Server
8 6 (0.42%) Cisco UCCX
8 6 (0.42%) Docker Swarm
8 6 (0.42%) Kibana
8 6 (0.42%) logstash
8 6 (0.42%) Oozie
8 6 (0.42%) Prometheus
8 6 (0.42%) vRealize
9 5 (0.35%) Mesos
9 5 (0.35%) Rancher
10 3 (0.21%) Microsoft Intune
10 3 (0.21%) Opsgenie
10 3 (0.21%) Packer
11 2 (0.14%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 100 (6.94%) Microsoft
2 75 (5.20%) Oracle
3 58 (4.02%) Google
4 56 (3.89%) VMware
5 31 (2.15%) Citrix
6 30 (2.08%) Salesforce.com
7 16 (1.11%) Cisco
7 16 (1.11%) Databricks
7 16 (1.11%) ForgeRock
7 16 (1.11%) Informatica
8 15 (1.04%) Splunk
9 14 (0.97%) CheckPoint
9 14 (0.97%) MuleSoft
10 13 (0.90%) HP
11 12 (0.83%) Alibaba
12 10 (0.69%) F5
12 10 (0.69%) Red Hat
12 10 (0.69%) SAP
13 9 (0.62%) IBM
13 9 (0.62%) Sybase