Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for YAML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited YAML over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

YAML
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 726 784 836
Rank change year-on-year +58 +52 +60
Contract jobs citing YAML 79 118 64
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.095% 0.11% 0.062%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.31% 0.33% 0.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 49 68 32
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.11% +11.00% -
10th Percentile £338 £413 £363
90th Percentile £694 £602 £608
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £495 £400
% change year-on-year +1.01% +23.75% -11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
UK median hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

YAML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 25,425 36,198 33,151
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.51% 34.83% 32.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,579 25,497 23,412
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.21% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 292 319 376
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +5.26%
10th Percentile £19.92 £17.00 £18.25
90th Percentile £73.75 £60.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £41.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +2.44% - +10.07%

YAML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing YAML as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for YAML in the UK

YAML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing YAML.

Contractor daily rate trend for YAML in the UK

YAML
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing YAML over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for YAML in the UK

YAML
Top 11 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing YAML within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +57 74 £518 +3.60% 12
UK excluding London +32 40 £500 +1.01% 10
London +72 34 £600 +14.29% 2
Midlands +45 17 £488 +3.72% 1
West Midlands +26 12 £500 +6.38% 1
South West 0 11 £500 -9.09% 1
North of England +24 6 £475 -4.90% 2
North West +23 6 £475 -13.64% 2
East Midlands - 5 £350 -
South East +28 3 £588 +16.34% 3
East of England +25 3 £603 +14.76% 3

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing YAML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for YAML.

1 47 (59.49%) JSON
2 43 (54.43%) Ansible
3 35 (44.30%) Kubernetes
4 33 (41.77%) Linux
5 31 (39.24%) DevOps
6 29 (36.71%) Python
6 29 (36.71%) Docker
7 28 (35.44%) Git (software)
8 25 (31.65%) AWS
9 24 (30.38%) Microservices
10 23 (29.11%) PowerShell
10 23 (29.11%) Red Hat
11 22 (27.85%) XML
12 21 (26.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 20 (25.32%) Jenkins
13 20 (25.32%) Terraform
14 19 (24.05%) Azure
15 18 (22.78%) Apache
16 17 (21.52%) Data Centre
17 16 (20.25%) PaaS
17 16 (20.25%) Test Automation
17 16 (20.25%) Agile Software Development
18 15 (18.99%) Finance
18 15 (18.99%) Bash Shell
18 15 (18.99%) Serverless
19 14 (17.72%) IaaS
19 14 (17.72%) Opscode Chef
19 14 (17.72%) VMware
19 14 (17.72%) Java
20 13 (16.46%) .NET

YAML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (22.78%) Apache
2 11 (13.92%) nginx
3 4 (5.06%) IIS
4 3 (3.80%) Confluence
5 2 (2.53%) OpenStack
6 1 (1.27%) Elasticsearch
Business Applications
1 5 (6.33%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 25 (31.65%) AWS
2 19 (24.05%) Azure
3 16 (20.25%) PaaS
4 15 (18.99%) Serverless
5 14 (17.72%) IaaS
6 12 (15.19%) Amazon S3
7 11 (13.92%) OpenShift
8 10 (12.66%) AWS CloudFormation
8 10 (12.66%) SaaS
9 9 (11.39%) AWS Lambda
9 9 (11.39%) GitHub
10 8 (10.13%) Amazon EC2
10 8 (10.13%) Azure Active Directory
11 7 (8.86%) Amazon ECS
11 7 (8.86%) Amazon ELB
12 6 (7.59%) GCP
13 4 (5.06%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 3 (3.80%) AWS CloudTrail
14 3 (3.80%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 3 (3.80%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 10 (12.66%) VPN
2 8 (10.13%) BGP
2 8 (10.13%) OSPF
3 7 (8.86%) BIG-IP
3 7 (8.86%) SNMP
4 6 (7.59%) DNS
4 6 (7.59%) Network Security
5 5 (6.33%) DHCP
6 4 (5.06%) Firewall
6 4 (5.06%) TCP/IP
7 3 (3.80%) Cisco IOS
7 3 (3.80%) SSH
8 1 (1.27%) Cisco ASA
8 1 (1.27%) Cisco ISE
8 1 (1.27%) Cisco Wireless
8 1 (1.27%) IMAP
8 1 (1.27%) IPsec
8 1 (1.27%) VLAN
8 1 (1.27%) VPLS
8 1 (1.27%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (8.86%) Amazon RDS
2 5 (6.33%) BigQuery
3 4 (5.06%) SQL Server
4 3 (3.80%) Amazon Redshift
4 3 (3.80%) MySQL
4 3 (3.80%) NoSQL
4 3 (3.80%) Relational Database
5 2 (2.53%) Azure SQL Database
5 2 (2.53%) Big Data
5 2 (2.53%) Electronic Patient Records
6 1 (1.27%) Blockchain
6 1 (1.27%) Geospatial Data
6 1 (1.27%) MongoDB
6 1 (1.27%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 28 (35.44%) Git (software)
2 20 (25.32%) Jenkins
3 6 (7.59%) Sonatype Nexus
4 5 (6.33%) Selenium
5 4 (5.06%) JIRA
5 4 (5.06%) JUnit
5 4 (5.06%) TeamCity
6 3 (3.80%) Bitbucket
6 3 (3.80%) GitLab
6 3 (3.80%) JMeter
6 3 (3.80%) Octopus Deploy
6 3 (3.80%) TestNG
7 2 (2.53%) PHPUnit
8 1 (1.27%) Artifactory
8 1 (1.27%) Gerrit
8 1 (1.27%) Jasmine
8 1 (1.27%) JSUnit
8 1 (1.27%) Protractor
8 1 (1.27%) SonarQube
8 1 (1.27%) SpecFlow
General
1 15 (18.99%) Finance
2 11 (13.92%) Publishing
3 7 (8.86%) Banking
4 4 (5.06%) Telecoms
5 2 (2.53%) Public Sector
5 2 (2.53%) Retail
6 1 (1.27%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 17 (21.52%) DevOps Engineer
2 11 (13.92%) Consultant
3 10 (12.66%) Automation Engineer
4 9 (11.39%) Architect
4 9 (11.39%) Cloud Engineer
5 8 (10.13%) Developer
6 7 (8.86%) Azure Engineer
7 6 (7.59%) Cloud Automation Engineer
7 6 (7.59%) Java Engineer
8 5 (6.33%) Azure DevOps
8 5 (6.33%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 5 (6.33%) Cloud Architect
8 5 (6.33%) Data Engineer
9 4 (5.06%) Network Architect
10 3 (3.80%) Administrator
10 3 (3.80%) CloudOps Engineer
10 3 (3.80%) DevOps Specialist
10 3 (3.80%) Linux Engineer
10 3 (3.80%) Site Engineer
10 3 (3.80%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 47 (59.49%) JSON
2 22 (27.85%) XML
3 13 (16.46%) .NET
4 9 (11.39%) OAuth
5 7 (8.86%) REST
5 7 (8.86%) Spring
6 6 (7.59%) OpenID
6 6 (7.59%) Web Services
7 5 (6.33%) Apache Beam
7 5 (6.33%) SOAP
7 5 (6.33%) Swagger
8 4 (5.06%) ActiveMQ
8 4 (5.06%) Apache CXF
8 4 (5.06%) J2EE
8 4 (5.06%) JMS
8 4 (5.06%) RAML
8 4 (5.06%) SAML
8 4 (5.06%) XSLT
9 3 (3.80%) HTML
9 3 (3.80%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 17 (21.52%) Data Centre
2 11 (13.92%) Replication
3 10 (12.66%) Cloud Native
4 7 (8.86%) Analytical Skills
5 4 (5.06%) N-Tier
5 4 (5.06%) Self-Motivation
6 3 (3.80%) Linux Command Line
6 3 (3.80%) Mobile App
6 3 (3.80%) Public Cloud
7 2 (2.53%) Enterprise Storage
7 2 (2.53%) PKI
7 2 (2.53%) Private Cloud
8 1 (1.27%) Hybrid Cloud
8 1 (1.27%) Management Information System
8 1 (1.27%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 33 (41.77%) Linux
2 21 (26.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 11 (13.92%) Windows
4 3 (3.80%) Unix
5 2 (2.53%) Android
5 2 (2.53%) CentOS
5 2 (2.53%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 31 (39.24%) DevOps
2 24 (30.38%) Microservices
3 16 (20.25%) Agile Software Development
3 16 (20.25%) Test Automation
4 11 (13.92%) Continuous Delivery
4 11 (13.92%) TOGAF
5 10 (12.66%) Configuration Management
5 10 (12.66%) Infrastructure as Code
5 10 (12.66%) Migration
6 9 (11.39%) Functional Testing
7 7 (8.86%) Computer Science
7 7 (8.86%) Scrum
8 6 (7.59%) Capacity Management
8 6 (7.59%) Infrastructure Automation
8 6 (7.59%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 6 (7.59%) Performance Tuning
8 6 (7.59%) SDLC
8 6 (7.59%) Security Architecture
8 6 (7.59%) Task Automation
9 5 (6.33%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 29 (36.71%) Python
2 23 (29.11%) PowerShell
3 15 (18.99%) Bash Shell
4 14 (17.72%) Java
5 12 (15.19%) SQL
6 11 (13.92%) Perl
7 7 (8.86%) Prolog
8 3 (3.80%) C#
9 2 (2.53%) Clojure
9 2 (2.53%) Go
9 2 (2.53%) Kotlin
9 2 (2.53%) PHP
9 2 (2.53%) PHP 7
9 2 (2.53%) Ruby
9 2 (2.53%) Scala
9 2 (2.53%) Shell Script
10 1 (1.27%) Groovy
10 1 (1.27%) Java 8
10 1 (1.27%) JavaScript
10 1 (1.27%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 9 (11.39%) Security Cleared
2 8 (10.13%) CCNP
2 8 (10.13%) Cisco Certification
3 7 (8.86%) Degree
3 7 (8.86%) SC Cleared
4 6 (7.59%) CCIE
4 6 (7.59%) TOGAF Certification
5 5 (6.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (6.33%) Master's Degree
6 3 (3.80%) AWS Certification
7 1 (1.27%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (5.06%) QA
2 2 (2.53%) COBIT
2 2 (2.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 2 (2.53%) PCI DSS
2 2 (2.53%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 1 (1.27%) SLA
System Software
1 29 (36.71%) Docker
2 11 (13.92%) Gluster
2 11 (13.92%) GlusterFS
2 11 (13.92%) LXC
2 11 (13.92%) NFS
2 11 (13.92%) Virtual Machines
3 9 (11.39%) Active Directory
4 5 (6.33%) vSphere
5 4 (5.06%) Postfix
6 3 (3.80%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (1.27%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 1 (1.27%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 43 (54.43%) Ansible
2 35 (44.30%) Kubernetes
3 20 (25.32%) Terraform
4 14 (17.72%) Opscode Chef
5 8 (10.13%) Puppet
6 6 (7.59%) Cisco Prime
7 4 (5.06%) yum
8 3 (3.80%) Docker Swarm
9 2 (2.53%) HP Fortify
9 2 (2.53%) Nessus
9 2 (2.53%) Single Sign-On
10 1 (1.27%) Cisco CUCM
10 1 (1.27%) Knative
10 1 (1.27%) Rancher
10 1 (1.27%) Red Hat Satellite
10 1 (1.27%) Salt
10 1 (1.27%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 23 (29.11%) Red Hat
2 14 (17.72%) VMware
3 10 (12.66%) Cisco
4 8 (10.13%) Riverbed
4 8 (10.13%) SolarWinds
5 7 (8.86%) Aruba
5 7 (8.86%) BMC
5 7 (8.86%) CheckPoint
5 7 (8.86%) F5
5 7 (8.86%) Fortinet
5 7 (8.86%) HP
5 7 (8.86%) NetScout
5 7 (8.86%) Splunk
6 6 (7.59%) Google
7 5 (6.33%) Sparx
8 4 (5.06%) Microsoft
8 4 (5.06%) WSO2
9 3 (3.80%) Oracle
10 2 (2.53%) Bloomberg
10 2 (2.53%) Reuters