Period
to 28 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for YAML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited YAML over the 6 months to 28 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

YAML
UK
6 months to
28 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 628 736 815
Rank change year-on-year +108 +79 -13
Contract jobs citing YAML 77 145 87
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.12% 0.15% 0.086%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.41% 0.45% 0.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 51 94 60
Median daily rate £525 £523 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.48% +4.50% +2.56%
10th Percentile £406 £425 £361
90th Percentile £675 £625 £594
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £530 £488
% change year-on-year -5.66% +8.72% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

YAML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,923 31,882 32,725
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.00% 32.97% 32.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,849 22,507 23,142
Median daily rate £500 £485 £473
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.65% +9.25%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £656 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £435 £410
% change year-on-year +3.45% +6.10% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 249 300 336
Median hourly rate £35.00 £41.52 £41.41
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.69% +0.25% +2.86%
10th Percentile £20.50 £18.50 £18.75
90th Percentile £69.50 £60.00 £57.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +1.19% +5.00%

YAML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing YAML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for YAML in the UK

YAML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing YAML.

Daily rate trend for YAML in the UK

YAML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing YAML over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for YAML in the UK

YAML
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing YAML within the UK over the 6 months to 28 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +90 71 £545 +3.81% 22
London +137 41 £594 +18.75% 9
UK excluding London +65 31 £500 -5.66% 13
North of England +35 11 £450 -15.09% 1
Midlands +50 8 £500 +0.10% 1
North West +26 8 £450 -18.18%
East Midlands - 5 £338 -
South East +100 4 £295 -52.80% 6
South West +30 4 £490 -10.91% 3
Work from Home +22 4 £575 +26.03% 4
West Midlands +37 3 £500 +0.10% 1
Yorkshire +53 2 £675 +68.75%
East of England +29 2 £625 +31.58% 2
Scotland - 2 £470 -
North East +9 1 £425 -14.91% 1

For the 6 months to 28 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing YAML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for YAML.

1 58 (75.32%) DevOps
2 40 (51.95%) Ansible
3 39 (50.65%) Kubernetes
4 37 (48.05%) Azure
5 33 (42.86%) Git (software)
6 32 (41.56%) JSON
7 31 (40.26%) Windows
8 29 (37.66%) Python
8 29 (37.66%) Microservices
9 28 (36.36%) Serverless
10 27 (35.06%) Docker
10 27 (35.06%) AWS
11 26 (33.77%) PowerShell
12 25 (32.47%) Test Automation
13 24 (31.17%) Linux
14 23 (29.87%) DNS
15 22 (28.57%) PaaS
16 21 (27.27%) GitHub
16 21 (27.27%) Infrastructure as Code
17 20 (25.97%) Continuous Deployment
17 20 (25.97%) Terraform
17 20 (25.97%) SaaS
18 19 (24.68%) Azure Active Directory
18 19 (24.68%) Active Directory
18 19 (24.68%) Agile Software Development
19 18 (23.38%) Jenkins
19 18 (23.38%) IaaS
20 17 (22.08%) Cloud Native
21 16 (20.78%) Bash Shell
22 15 (19.48%) DHCP

YAML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (10.39%) Confluence
2 7 (9.09%) Apache
2 7 (9.09%) Elasticsearch
2 7 (9.09%) IIS
3 4 (5.19%) nginx
4 2 (2.60%) OpenStack
5 1 (1.30%) Drupal
Business Applications
1 2 (2.60%) Eloqua
Cloud Services
1 37 (48.05%) Azure
2 28 (36.36%) Serverless
3 27 (35.06%) AWS
4 22 (28.57%) PaaS
5 21 (27.27%) GitHub
6 20 (25.97%) SaaS
7 19 (24.68%) Azure Active Directory
8 18 (23.38%) IaaS
9 14 (18.18%) AWS CloudFormation
10 13 (16.88%) Amazon S3
11 12 (15.58%) Azure Functions
12 10 (12.99%) AWS Lambda
12 10 (12.99%) NuGet
12 10 (12.99%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 8 (10.39%) OpenShift
14 7 (9.09%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 7 (9.09%) CloudFront
14 7 (9.09%) Route 53
15 3 (3.90%) Amazon EC2
15 3 (3.90%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 23 (29.87%) DNS
2 15 (19.48%) DHCP
3 10 (12.99%) Network Security
4 9 (11.69%) VPN
5 4 (5.19%) OpenVPN
5 4 (5.19%) TCP/IP
6 3 (3.90%) BGP
6 3 (3.90%) Cisco IOS
6 3 (3.90%) Firewall
6 3 (3.90%) MPLS
6 3 (3.90%) SSH
7 2 (2.60%) Junos
7 2 (2.60%) VXLAN
8 1 (1.30%) Cisco ASA
8 1 (1.30%) Cisco ISE
8 1 (1.30%) Cisco Wireless
8 1 (1.30%) IMAP
8 1 (1.30%) VLAN
8 1 (1.30%) VPLS
8 1 (1.30%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (9.09%) SQL Server
2 6 (7.79%) Azure SQL Database
3 3 (3.90%) Amazon RDS
3 3 (3.90%) Amazon Redshift
3 3 (3.90%) Cosmos DB
3 3 (3.90%) Relational Database
4 2 (2.60%) Big Data
4 2 (2.60%) Electronic Patient Records
4 2 (2.60%) PostgreSQL
5 1 (1.30%) BigQuery
5 1 (1.30%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 33 (42.86%) Git (software)
2 18 (23.38%) Jenkins
3 10 (12.99%) Octopus Deploy
3 10 (12.99%) TeamCity
4 8 (10.39%) JIRA
5 5 (6.49%) Subversion
6 4 (5.19%) Selenium
6 4 (5.19%) Visual Studio
7 3 (3.90%) GitLab
8 2 (2.60%) SonarQube
8 2 (2.60%) Sonatype Nexus
9 1 (1.30%) Artifactory
9 1 (1.30%) Bitbucket
9 1 (1.30%) Gerrit
9 1 (1.30%) JUnit
9 1 (1.30%) Maven
9 1 (1.30%) Postman
General
1 11 (14.29%) Finance
2 6 (7.79%) Banking
3 5 (6.49%) Telecoms
4 4 (5.19%) Public Sector
4 4 (5.19%) Publishing
5 2 (2.60%) Law
6 1 (1.30%) Legal
Job Titles
1 24 (31.17%) DevOps Engineer
2 16 (20.78%) Developer
3 10 (12.99%) Azure DevOps
3 10 (12.99%) Azure DevOps Engineer
3 10 (12.99%) Azure Engineer
4 6 (7.79%) Automation Engineer
4 6 (7.79%) AWS Developer
5 5 (6.49%) Architect
6 4 (5.19%) AWS Architect
6 4 (5.19%) Cloud Engineer
6 4 (5.19%) Kubernetes Engineer
7 3 (3.90%) Administrator
7 3 (3.90%) AWS Engineer
7 3 (3.90%) Cloud Consultant
7 3 (3.90%) Cloud Developer
7 3 (3.90%) DevOps Consultant
7 3 (3.90%) Kubernetes Consultant
7 3 (3.90%) Senior DevOps
7 3 (3.90%) Senior DevOps Consultant
7 3 (3.90%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 32 (41.56%) JSON
2 13 (16.88%) OAuth
3 11 (14.29%) XML
4 8 (10.39%) REST
4 8 (10.39%) Swagger
5 6 (7.79%) SOAP
6 5 (6.49%) Ruby on Rails
7 4 (5.19%) HTML
8 3 (3.90%) .NET
8 3 (3.90%) .NET Framework
8 3 (3.90%) Apache NiFi
8 3 (3.90%) boto
9 2 (2.60%) ASP.NET Web API
9 2 (2.60%) Entity Framework
9 2 (2.60%) OAuth2
9 2 (2.60%) OpenID
9 2 (2.60%) Spring
9 2 (2.60%) Web Services
10 1 (1.30%) CSS
10 1 (1.30%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 17 (22.08%) Cloud Native
2 8 (10.39%) Data Centre
3 7 (9.09%) Linux Command Line
3 7 (9.09%) User Experience
4 5 (6.49%) Management Information System
5 4 (5.19%) Replication
6 3 (3.90%) Hybrid Cloud
6 3 (3.90%) Public Cloud
6 3 (3.90%) Self-Motivation
7 2 (2.60%) Analytical Skills
7 2 (2.60%) Mobile App
7 2 (2.60%) PKI
8 1 (1.30%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 31 (40.26%) Windows
2 24 (31.17%) Linux
3 7 (9.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 4 (5.19%) Windows Server
5 2 (2.60%) Android
5 2 (2.60%) CentOS
5 2 (2.60%) Mac OS X
5 2 (2.60%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 58 (75.32%) DevOps
2 29 (37.66%) Microservices
3 25 (32.47%) Test Automation
4 21 (27.27%) Infrastructure as Code
5 20 (25.97%) Continuous Deployment
6 19 (24.68%) Agile Software Development
7 14 (18.18%) Migration
8 13 (16.88%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 13 (16.88%) Time Management
9 12 (15.58%) Continuous Integration
10 11 (14.29%) Continuous Delivery
11 10 (12.99%) Deployment Automation
11 10 (12.99%) Functional Testing
11 10 (12.99%) GitOps
11 10 (12.99%) Vulnerability Management
12 9 (11.69%) Analytics
13 8 (10.39%) Scrum
14 7 (9.09%) Asset Management
14 7 (9.09%) Kanban
15 6 (7.79%) API Development
Programming Languages
1 29 (37.66%) Python
2 26 (33.77%) PowerShell
3 16 (20.78%) Bash Shell
4 11 (14.29%) Java
5 10 (12.99%) Ruby
6 8 (10.39%) Groovy
6 8 (10.39%) Shell Script
7 7 (9.09%) SQL
8 5 (6.49%) JavaScript
8 5 (6.49%) Perl
9 4 (5.19%) C#
10 2 (2.60%) Go
11 1 (1.30%) Clojure
11 1 (1.30%) Java 8
11 1 (1.30%) Kotlin
11 1 (1.30%) PHP
11 1 (1.30%) Scala
Qualifications
1 9 (11.69%) AWS Certification
2 8 (10.39%) Security Cleared
3 7 (9.09%) SC Cleared
4 2 (2.60%) Degree
5 1 (1.30%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (1.30%) CCIE
5 1 (1.30%) CCNP
5 1 (1.30%) Cisco Certification
5 1 (1.30%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (1.30%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (3.90%) QA
2 2 (2.60%) COBIT
2 2 (2.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 2 (2.60%) PCI DSS
2 2 (2.60%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 27 (35.06%) Docker
2 19 (24.68%) Active Directory
3 15 (19.48%) vSphere
4 12 (15.58%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (5.19%) Gluster
5 4 (5.19%) GlusterFS
5 4 (5.19%) LXC
5 4 (5.19%) NFS
6 2 (2.60%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 40 (51.95%) Ansible
2 39 (50.65%) Kubernetes
3 20 (25.97%) Terraform
4 8 (10.39%) Opscode Chef
4 8 (10.39%) Puppet
5 4 (5.19%) Docker Swarm
6 2 (2.60%) HP Fortify
6 2 (2.60%) Nessus
6 2 (2.60%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (1.30%) Cisco CUCM
7 1 (1.30%) Salt
7 1 (1.30%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 10 (12.99%) Microsoft
2 9 (11.69%) Red Hat
3 8 (10.39%) Splunk
4 6 (7.79%) Google
4 6 (7.79%) VMware
5 5 (6.49%) Apiary
5 5 (6.49%) Atlassian
5 5 (6.49%) Salesforce.com
6 3 (3.90%) Cisco
6 3 (3.90%) LogicMonitor
6 3 (3.90%) Moogsoft
7 2 (2.60%) Okta
7 2 (2.60%) Oracle
7 2 (2.60%) TOWER Software
8 1 (1.30%) Bloomberg
8 1 (1.30%) Palo Alto
8 1 (1.30%) Reuters
8 1 (1.30%) Riverbed
8 1 (1.30%) ServiceNow
8 1 (1.30%) SolarWinds