Period
to 18 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for QA Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA Automation over the 6 months to 18 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA) Automation
UK
6 months to
18 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 706 749 787
Rank change year-on-year +43 +38 +51
Contract jobs citing QA Automation 199 149 103
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.19% 0.14% 0.10%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.22% 0.17% 0.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 145 96 67
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +12.50% -
10th Percentile £353 £300 £256
90th Percentile £572 £550 £535
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
UK median hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

QA Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 91,003 88,700 86,889
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.79% 85.87% 85.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,238 59,225 57,246
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £638 £601
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £401 £400
% change year-on-year +6.12% +0.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,336 2,067 2,452
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.25% +6.67% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.17
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.60 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.23 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -15.10% +11.11% -

QA Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing QA Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for QA Automation in the UK

QA Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA Automation in the UK

QA Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA Automation over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA Automation in the UK

QA Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA Automation in the UK

QA Automation
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 18 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +44 185 £473 +5.00% 44
London +60 110 £475 -1.04% 27
UK excluding London -18 82 £400 +6.67% 19
South East +2 36 £400 - 6
North of England -4 16 £410 +9.33% 4
South West -21 13 £550 +53.85% 2
North West +3 11 £443 +14.19% 2
Midlands -17 6 £338 -10.00% 3
East Midlands +11 5 £338 -10.00% 1
North East -4 4 £392 - 2
East of England -17 3 £375 +13.64% 2
Northern Ireland - 3 £315 -
Scotland - 3 - - 2
Wales -28 2 £425 +100.00%
Yorkshire -12 1 - -
West Midlands -33 1 £425 +21.43% 2

For the 6 months to 18 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing QA Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for QA Automation.

1 199 (100.00%) QA
2 183 (91.96%) Test Automation
3 139 (69.85%) Agile Software Development
4 127 (63.82%) Selenium
5 103 (51.76%) Java
6 100 (50.25%) BDD
7 84 (42.21%) Cucumber
7 84 (42.21%) Scrum
8 68 (34.17%) JavaScript
9 55 (27.64%) Finance
10 53 (26.63%) WebDriver
11 46 (23.12%) SQL
12 45 (22.61%) Continuous Integration
13 44 (22.11%) Jenkins
13 44 (22.11%) JIRA
14 42 (21.11%) DevOps
15 41 (20.60%) C#
16 38 (19.10%) Banking
17 37 (18.59%) Manual Testing
18 34 (17.09%) Gherkin
19 33 (16.58%) Git (software)
20 31 (15.58%) JMeter
21 29 (14.57%) Open Source
22 28 (14.07%) API Testing
23 27 (13.57%) TDD
24 26 (13.07%) Performance Testing
25 25 (12.56%) Regression Testing
26 24 (12.06%) JUnit
26 24 (12.06%) Maven
26 24 (12.06%) Confluence

QA Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (12.06%) Confluence
2 6 (3.02%) SharePoint
3 3 (1.51%) CMS
3 3 (1.51%) nginx
4 2 (1.01%) Sitecore CMS
5 1 (0.50%) Apache Spark
5 1 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
5 1 (0.50%) IIS
5 1 (0.50%) Kentico
5 1 (0.50%) Umbraco
5 1 (0.50%) WordPress
Applications
1 1 (0.50%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 9 (4.52%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.50%) Magento
2 1 (0.50%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 19 (9.55%) BrowserStack
2 17 (8.54%) GitHub
3 15 (7.54%) Amazon AWS
4 11 (5.53%) Microsoft Azure
5 7 (3.52%) Sauce Labs
6 3 (1.51%) Data Lake Analytics
7 1 (0.50%) Google Cloud Platform
7 1 (0.50%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 4 (2.01%) HTTP
1 4 (2.01%) HTTPS
1 4 (2.01%) Internet
2 1 (0.50%) DSL
2 1 (0.50%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (4.02%) Big Data
2 5 (2.51%) NoSQL
2 5 (2.51%) Redis
2 5 (2.51%) SQL Server
3 4 (2.01%) Hadoop
3 4 (2.01%) ZAP BI
4 3 (1.51%) Data Lake
4 3 (1.51%) MySQL
5 2 (1.01%) PostgreSQL
5 2 (1.01%) Relational Database
6 1 (0.50%) Apache Hive
6 1 (0.50%) HBase
6 1 (0.50%) KDB
6 1 (0.50%) MongoDB
6 1 (0.50%) RDBMS
6 1 (0.50%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 127 (63.82%) Selenium
2 84 (42.21%) Cucumber
3 53 (26.63%) WebDriver
4 44 (22.11%) Jenkins
4 44 (22.11%) JIRA
5 33 (16.58%) Git (software)
6 31 (15.58%) JMeter
7 24 (12.06%) JUnit
7 24 (12.06%) Maven
8 23 (11.56%) Visual Studio Team System
9 21 (10.55%) SpecFlow
10 19 (9.55%) SoapUI
11 18 (9.05%) Appium
12 13 (6.53%) HP UFT
12 13 (6.53%) SonarQube
13 12 (6.03%) Team Foundation Server
14 8 (4.02%) TeamCity
14 8 (4.02%) Visual Studio
15 6 (3.02%) GitLab
15 6 (3.02%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 55 (27.64%) Finance
2 38 (19.10%) Banking
3 19 (9.55%) Retail
4 5 (2.51%) Law
5 3 (1.51%) Front Office
6 2 (1.01%) Marketing
7 1 (0.50%) Advertising
7 1 (0.50%) Automotive
7 1 (0.50%) Back Office
7 1 (0.50%) Corporate Banking
7 1 (0.50%) Electronics
7 1 (0.50%) Investment Banking
7 1 (0.50%) Manufacturing
7 1 (0.50%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 73 (36.68%) Tester
2 66 (33.17%) Automation Tester
3 63 (31.66%) QA Engineer
4 58 (29.15%) QA Tester
5 54 (27.14%) QA Automation Engineer
5 54 (27.14%) QA Automation Tester
6 39 (19.60%) Automation Engineer
7 26 (13.07%) Consultant
8 22 (11.06%) Automation Consultant
9 19 (9.55%) QA Consultant
10 17 (8.54%) Test Engineer
11 14 (7.04%) QA Test Engineer
12 13 (6.53%) Selenium Tester
13 12 (6.03%) Java Automation Tester
13 12 (6.03%) Selenium Automation Tester
13 12 (6.03%) Test Automation Engineer
14 10 (5.03%) Analyst
15 9 (4.52%) Developer
15 9 (4.52%) QA Analyst
15 9 (4.52%) QA Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 34 (17.09%) Gherkin
2 20 (10.05%) WebdriverIO
3 19 (9.55%) CSS
3 19 (9.55%) Node.js
3 19 (9.55%) Web Services
4 17 (8.54%) REST
5 11 (5.53%) .NET
6 5 (2.51%) React Native
6 5 (2.51%) RESTful
7 4 (2.01%) .NET Framework
7 4 (2.01%) ASP.NET Web API
7 4 (2.01%) HTML
7 4 (2.01%) Kafka
7 4 (2.01%) React
8 3 (1.51%) Django
8 3 (1.51%) Elastic Stack
8 3 (1.51%) Middleware
8 3 (1.51%) SOAP
9 2 (1.01%) .NET Core
9 2 (1.01%) Pyramid
Miscellaneous
1 10 (5.03%) Self-Motivation
2 9 (4.52%) Analytical Skills
3 6 (3.02%) Mobile App
4 3 (1.51%) Fintech
4 3 (1.51%) iPhone
4 3 (1.51%) User Experience
5 2 (1.01%) Hybrid Cloud
5 2 (1.01%) Virtual Team
6 1 (0.50%) Algorithms
6 1 (0.50%) Data Structures
6 1 (0.50%) Enterprise Software
6 1 (0.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 1 (0.50%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 7 (3.52%) Linux
2 6 (3.02%) Unix
2 6 (3.02%) Windows
3 5 (2.51%) Apple iOS
4 3 (1.51%) Android
5 2 (1.01%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.50%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 183 (91.96%) Test Automation
2 139 (69.85%) Agile Software Development
3 100 (50.25%) BDD
4 84 (42.21%) Scrum
5 45 (22.61%) Continuous Integration
6 42 (21.11%) DevOps
7 37 (18.59%) Manual Testing
8 29 (14.57%) Open Source
9 28 (14.07%) API Testing
10 27 (13.57%) TDD
11 26 (13.07%) Performance Testing
12 25 (12.56%) Regression Testing
13 22 (11.06%) Defect Management
13 22 (11.06%) Integration Testing
13 22 (11.06%) Microservices
13 22 (11.06%) User Stories
14 21 (10.55%) E-Commerce
14 21 (10.55%) OWASP
14 21 (10.55%) Presales
15 20 (10.05%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 103 (51.76%) Java
2 68 (34.17%) JavaScript
3 46 (23.12%) SQL
4 41 (20.60%) C#
5 13 (6.53%) Python
6 8 (4.02%) Groovy
6 8 (4.02%) Ruby
7 5 (2.51%) PHP
8 4 (2.01%) Apple Swift
8 4 (2.01%) C++
9 3 (1.51%) VBScript
10 2 (1.01%) C
10 2 (1.01%) Kotlin
10 2 (1.01%) PowerShell
11 1 (0.50%) Bash Shell
11 1 (0.50%) Objective-C
11 1 (0.50%) Perl
11 1 (0.50%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 6 (3.02%) ISEB
1 6 (3.02%) SC Cleared
1 6 (3.02%) Security Cleared
2 4 (2.01%) Degree
2 4 (2.01%) ISTQB
3 3 (1.51%) BPSS Clearance
3 3 (1.51%) DBS Check
3 3 (1.51%) Master's Degree
4 1 (0.50%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 199 (100.00%) QA
2 2 (1.01%) Data Quality
2 2 (1.01%) GDPR
2 2 (1.01%) PMO
System Software
1 23 (11.56%) Docker
2 3 (1.51%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.50%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 4 (2.01%) Ansible
1 4 (2.01%) HP ALM
2 2 (1.01%) Terraform
3 1 (0.50%) Oozie
3 1 (0.50%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 11 (5.53%) Microsoft
2 6 (3.02%) Atlassian
3 4 (2.01%) HP
4 2 (1.01%) hybris
4 2 (1.01%) Perfecto Mobile
4 2 (1.01%) Sitecore
5 1 (0.50%) Cypress Semiconductor
5 1 (0.50%) Google
5 1 (0.50%) Oracle
5 1 (0.50%) Perforce