Period
to 21 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for QA Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA Automation over the 6 months to 21 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA) Automation
UK
6 months to
21 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 713 730 693
Rank change year-on-year +17 -37 +129
Contract jobs citing QA Automation 145 156 138
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.15% 0.15% 0.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.17% 0.18% 0.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 100 82 89
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £363
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +17.24% -12.12%
10th Percentile £350 £300 £224
90th Percentile £551 £525 £501
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £325
% change year-on-year - +23.08% -9.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 1
UK median hourly rate - £70.00 £47.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +48.94% +105.82%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £47.00

QA Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 83,169 87,292 78,294
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.90% 86.30% 85.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 55,058 57,665 51,492
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £435
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +3.45% +2.35%
10th Percentile £300 £293 £270
90th Percentile £650 £638 £620
UK excluding London median daily rate £434 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +3.27% +5.00% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,121 2,245 2,150
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £22.50 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -10.00% +1.01%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.25 £11.46
90th Percentile £51.70 £50.25 £51.28
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.23 £21.01 £25.00
% change year-on-year +10.58% -15.96% -

QA Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing QA Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for QA Automation in the UK

QA Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA Automation in the UK

QA Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA Automation over the 6 months to 21 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA Automation in the UK

QA Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA Automation in the UK

QA Automation
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 21 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 128 £450 +5.88% 27
London +38 73 £456 +1.39% 9
UK excluding London -6 67 £400 - 19
South East +7 30 £400 +21.21% 5
North of England +4 9 £432 +8.06% 4
Scotland - 9 £350 - 1
South West -37 7 £438 -2.78% 1
North East 0 6 £432 - 1
East of England +21 5 £375 - 3
Midlands -3 4 £425 +6.25% 5
East Midlands +14 3 - - 5
North West +5 3 £424 +11.36% 3
Northern Ireland - 3 £315 -
West Midlands -14 1 £425 +6.25%

For the 6 months to 21 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing QA Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for QA Automation.

1 145 (100.00%) QA
2 119 (82.07%) Test Automation
3 86 (59.31%) Java
3 86 (59.31%) Agile Software Development
4 82 (56.55%) Selenium
5 71 (48.97%) BDD
6 66 (45.52%) Scrum
7 56 (38.62%) Cucumber
8 52 (35.86%) JIRA
9 50 (34.48%) Jenkins
10 45 (31.03%) JavaScript
11 43 (29.66%) DevOps
12 40 (27.59%) Confluence
13 37 (25.52%) JMeter
14 36 (24.83%) Continuous Integration
15 34 (23.45%) WebDriver
15 34 (23.45%) Regression Testing
16 32 (22.07%) SQL
17 31 (21.38%) Finance
17 31 (21.38%) TDD
18 29 (20.00%) Microsoft Azure
19 27 (18.62%) Docker
20 26 (17.93%) Git (software)
20 26 (17.93%) C#
21 24 (16.55%) Maven
22 23 (15.86%) Web Services
22 23 (15.86%) Microservices
23 22 (15.17%) JUnit
23 22 (15.17%) Performance Testing
24 21 (14.48%) Amazon AWS

QA Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (27.59%) Confluence
2 16 (11.03%) SharePoint
3 3 (2.07%) CMS
3 3 (2.07%) WebSphere
4 2 (1.38%) Apache Spark
4 2 (1.38%) Kentico
4 2 (1.38%) Sitecore CMS
4 2 (1.38%) Umbraco
5 1 (0.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 1 (0.69%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (1.38%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.69%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 29 (20.00%) Microsoft Azure
2 21 (14.48%) Amazon AWS
3 11 (7.59%) BrowserStack
4 9 (6.21%) GitHub
5 5 (3.45%) Azure Active Directory
5 5 (3.45%) Google Cloud Platform
6 2 (1.38%) OpenShift
7 1 (0.69%) Apigee
7 1 (0.69%) AWS CloudFormation
7 1 (0.69%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (0.69%) IaaS
7 1 (0.69%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 4 (2.76%) HTTP
2 1 (0.69%) ATM
2 1 (0.69%) DNS
2 1 (0.69%) MPLS
2 1 (0.69%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (5.52%) Redis
2 6 (4.14%) Cosmos DB
2 6 (4.14%) HSQLDB
2 6 (4.14%) MongoDB
2 6 (4.14%) NoSQL
3 4 (2.76%) Big Data
3 4 (2.76%) Relational Database
4 3 (2.07%) DB2
4 3 (2.07%) MySQL
4 3 (2.07%) RDBMS
5 2 (1.38%) Hadoop
5 2 (1.38%) HBase
5 2 (1.38%) SQL Server
6 1 (0.69%) Apache Hive
6 1 (0.69%) DataStage
6 1 (0.69%) KDB
6 1 (0.69%) Oracle OWB
6 1 (0.69%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (0.69%) Sqoop
6 1 (0.69%) ZAP BI
Development Applications
1 82 (56.55%) Selenium
2 56 (38.62%) Cucumber
3 52 (35.86%) JIRA
4 50 (34.48%) Jenkins
5 37 (25.52%) JMeter
6 34 (23.45%) WebDriver
7 26 (17.93%) Git (software)
8 24 (16.55%) Maven
9 22 (15.17%) JUnit
10 20 (13.79%) SoapUI
11 16 (11.03%) SpecFlow
12 13 (8.97%) Visual Studio Team System
13 12 (8.28%) git-flow
14 9 (6.21%) SonarQube
15 8 (5.52%) TeamCity
16 7 (4.83%) Protractor
16 7 (4.83%) Robot Framework
16 7 (4.83%) Team Foundation Server
17 6 (4.14%) IntelliJ
17 6 (4.14%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 31 (21.38%) Finance
2 18 (12.41%) Banking
3 11 (7.59%) Retail
4 6 (4.14%) Front Office
5 3 (2.07%) Investment Banking
6 2 (1.38%) Back Office
7 1 (0.69%) Law
7 1 (0.69%) Manufacturing
7 1 (0.69%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 60 (41.38%) QA Engineer
2 50 (34.48%) QA Automation Engineer
3 42 (28.97%) Tester
4 39 (26.90%) QA Tester
5 38 (26.21%) Automation Tester
6 37 (25.52%) Automation Engineer
7 35 (24.14%) QA Automation Tester
8 20 (13.79%) Developer
9 17 (11.72%) Test Engineer
10 14 (9.66%) Analyst
11 13 (8.97%) Test Automation Engineer
12 12 (8.28%) Java Automation Tester
12 12 (8.28%) QA Test Engineer
13 10 (6.90%) QA Analyst
14 9 (6.21%) Developer in Test
14 9 (6.21%) QA Automation Analyst
15 8 (5.52%) Java Developer
15 8 (5.52%) JavaScript Engineer
16 7 (4.83%) Automation Test Analyst
16 7 (4.83%) Senior QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 23 (15.86%) Web Services
2 21 (14.48%) Gherkin
2 21 (14.48%) Node.js
3 17 (11.72%) CSS
4 16 (11.03%) .NET
5 14 (9.66%) REST
6 13 (8.97%) AngularJS
7 12 (8.28%) HTML
8 11 (7.59%) JSON
9 9 (6.21%) hapi
9 9 (6.21%) Hibernate
9 9 (6.21%) jQuery
10 8 (5.52%) WebdriverIO
11 6 (4.14%) SOAP
11 6 (4.14%) Spring Boot
12 5 (3.45%) React
13 4 (2.76%) Nightwatchjs
13 4 (2.76%) RESTful
13 4 (2.76%) Swagger
13 4 (2.76%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 12 (8.28%) Self-Motivation
2 6 (4.14%) Analytical Skills
2 6 (4.14%) Fintech
3 3 (2.07%) Hybrid Cloud
3 3 (2.07%) Mobile App
3 3 (2.07%) User Experience
4 2 (1.38%) Algorithms
4 2 (1.38%) Equities
4 2 (1.38%) Greenfield Project
5 1 (0.69%) Data Protection Act
5 1 (0.69%) DataPower
5 1 (0.69%) Enterprise Software
5 1 (0.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 1 (0.69%) Life Science
5 1 (0.69%) Mobile Banking
Operating Systems
1 15 (10.34%) Linux
2 10 (6.90%) Unix
3 6 (4.14%) Apple iOS
4 5 (3.45%) Android
5 1 (0.69%) Mac OS X
5 1 (0.69%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 119 (82.07%) Test Automation
2 86 (59.31%) Agile Software Development
3 71 (48.97%) BDD
4 66 (45.52%) Scrum
5 43 (29.66%) DevOps
6 36 (24.83%) Continuous Integration
7 34 (23.45%) Regression Testing
8 31 (21.38%) TDD
9 23 (15.86%) Microservices
10 22 (15.17%) Performance Testing
11 20 (13.79%) Manual Testing
12 17 (11.72%) E-Commerce
12 17 (11.72%) Functional Testing
12 17 (11.72%) Integration Testing
13 16 (11.03%) Static Code Analysis
13 16 (11.03%) Test Strategy
14 15 (10.34%) SDET
15 14 (9.66%) Open Source
15 14 (9.66%) Problem-Solving
15 14 (9.66%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 86 (59.31%) Java
2 45 (31.03%) JavaScript
3 32 (22.07%) SQL
4 26 (17.93%) C#
5 21 (14.48%) Python
6 8 (5.52%) Ruby
7 7 (4.83%) Java 8
8 6 (4.14%) Perl
9 5 (3.45%) Groovy
10 3 (2.07%) Jython
10 3 (2.07%) PHP
10 3 (2.07%) VBA
10 3 (2.07%) VBScript
11 2 (1.38%) Apple Swift
12 1 (0.69%) Bash Shell
12 1 (0.69%) PowerShell
12 1 (0.69%) Scala
Qualifications
1 10 (6.90%) SC Cleared
1 10 (6.90%) Security Cleared
2 7 (4.83%) Degree
2 7 (4.83%) ISEB
3 5 (3.45%) ISTQB
4 4 (2.76%) DBS Check
5 3 (2.07%) BPSS Clearance
5 3 (2.07%) Computer Science Degree
6 1 (0.69%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 145 (100.00%) QA
2 2 (1.38%) Data Quality
System Software
1 27 (18.62%) Docker
2 5 (3.45%) Active Directory
3 2 (1.38%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 7 (4.83%) Ansible
1 7 (4.83%) Terraform
2 5 (3.45%) Kubernetes
3 3 (2.07%) HP ALM
3 3 (2.07%) Nagios
3 3 (2.07%) Opscode Chef
3 3 (2.07%) Prometheus
3 3 (2.07%) Puppet
4 1 (0.69%) Oozie
Vendors
1 15 (10.34%) Microsoft
2 10 (6.90%) Atlassian
3 5 (3.45%) Cypress Semiconductor
3 5 (3.45%) hybris
4 4 (2.76%) Salesforce.com
5 3 (2.07%) HP
5 3 (2.07%) SaltStack
6 2 (1.38%) Apple
6 2 (1.38%) Oracle
6 2 (1.38%) Sitecore
7 1 (0.69%) CyberArk
7 1 (0.69%) Perforce
7 1 (0.69%) Talend