Period
to 22 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Pandas skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Pandas over the 6 months to 22 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pandas
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 613 733 795
Rank change year-on-year +120 +62 +54
Contract jobs citing Pandas 262 156 73
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.26% 0.16% 0.077%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.77% 0.49% 0.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 208 104 50
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% -16.67%
10th Percentile £435 £344 £412
90th Percentile £650 £725 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £408 £415
% change year-on-year +16.56% -1.81% -20.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 5 0
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £8.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +462.50% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £8.00 -

Pandas is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 34,054 31,957 29,990
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.17% 32.08% 31.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,974 22,787 20,664
UK median daily rate £480 £463 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.78% +8.82% +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £593
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £395
% change year-on-year +6.25% +1.27% +5.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 297 332 335
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £18.10 £18.00 £15.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £52.50 £52.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.52 £40.00 £38.25
% change year-on-year +3.79% +4.58% +2.00%

Pandas
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Pandas as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Pandas.

Contractor daily rate trend for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Pandas over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pandas.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Top 11 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pandas within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +118 259 £525 - 57
London +164 240 £525 -4.55% 41
UK excluding London -79 21 £475 +16.56% 20
South East -34 14 £525 +2.44% 5
North of England -11 2 £450 - 1
Scotland -16 2 £425 +21.43% 4
Midlands - 2 - - 1
Yorkshire - 2 £450 -
South West -41 1 - - 3
West Midlands - 1 - -
East Midlands - 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 22 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Pandas also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Pandas.

1 261 (99.62%) Python
2 203 (77.48%) NumPy
3 141 (53.82%) Finance
4 106 (40.46%) SQL
5 101 (38.55%) Apache Spark
6 98 (37.40%) PySpark
7 88 (33.59%) Agile Software Development
8 87 (33.21%) Machine Learning
9 85 (32.44%) Data Science
10 81 (30.92%) Splunk
11 78 (29.77%) Elasticsearch
12 61 (23.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 53 (20.23%) TDD
14 52 (19.85%) Analytics
15 51 (19.47%) Docker
16 50 (19.08%) Amazon AWS
17 49 (18.70%) Open Source
17 49 (18.70%) Java
18 48 (18.32%) scikit-learn
19 43 (16.41%) JavaScript
20 42 (16.03%) Visualisation
20 42 (16.03%) Flask
21 41 (15.65%) Algorithms
22 40 (15.27%) NoSQL
22 40 (15.27%) Software Engineering
23 38 (14.50%) Banking
23 38 (14.50%) Microservices
23 38 (14.50%) React
24 37 (14.12%) OO
24 37 (14.12%) MongoDB

Pandas
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 101 (38.55%) Apache Spark
2 78 (29.77%) Elasticsearch
3 27 (10.31%) Jupyter
4 23 (8.78%) Confluence
5 20 (7.63%) IPython
6 10 (3.82%) Apache
7 6 (2.29%) Apache Airflow
8 5 (1.91%) SAS
9 4 (1.53%) Apache Pig
9 4 (1.53%) Luigi
10 2 (0.76%) nginx
11 1 (0.38%) OpenStack
11 1 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 7 (2.67%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.76%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 5 (1.91%) Unica
2 3 (1.15%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.38%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.38%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 50 (19.08%) Amazon AWS
2 34 (12.98%) Microsoft Azure
3 23 (8.78%) SaaS
4 16 (6.11%) Google Cloud Platform
5 7 (2.67%) GitHub
6 6 (2.29%) Azure Machine Learning
6 6 (2.29%) PaaS
7 4 (1.53%) Amazon EMR
8 2 (0.76%) Amazon S3
9 1 (0.38%) Amazon SageMaker
9 1 (0.38%) AWS Lambda
9 1 (0.38%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.15%) Internet
2 2 (0.76%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (15.27%) NoSQL
2 37 (14.12%) MongoDB
3 29 (11.07%) PostgreSQL
4 27 (10.31%) Big Data
5 26 (9.92%) Hadoop
6 24 (9.16%) Apache Cassandra
7 15 (5.73%) Apache Hive
8 12 (4.58%) Relational Database
8 12 (4.58%) SQL Server
9 11 (4.20%) Neo4j
9 11 (4.20%) Spotfire
10 10 (3.82%) Data Mining
10 10 (3.82%) Data Warehouse
10 10 (3.82%) Power BI
11 9 (3.44%) Blockchain
12 8 (3.05%) Data Lake
13 7 (2.67%) Geospatial Data
13 7 (2.67%) GIS
13 7 (2.67%) MySQL
14 6 (2.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 35 (13.36%) Jenkins
2 31 (11.83%) Git (software)
3 26 (9.92%) JIRA
4 21 (8.02%) Bitbucket
4 21 (8.02%) Pylint
5 18 (6.87%) TeamCity
6 10 (3.82%) GitLab
7 6 (2.29%) SonarQube
7 6 (2.29%) Team Foundation Server
8 5 (1.91%) Hudson
8 5 (1.91%) Octopus Deploy
9 2 (0.76%) Log4j
9 2 (0.76%) Selenium
9 2 (0.76%) SoapUI
General
1 141 (53.82%) Finance
2 38 (14.50%) Banking
3 16 (6.11%) Front Office
4 14 (5.34%) Marketing
5 9 (3.44%) Investment Banking
6 5 (1.91%) Advertising
7 4 (1.53%) Games
7 4 (1.53%) Legal
7 4 (1.53%) Retail
8 1 (0.38%) Electronics
8 1 (0.38%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.38%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.38%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 178 (67.94%) Developer
2 162 (61.83%) Python Developer
3 40 (15.27%) Data Scientist
4 33 (12.60%) Data Engineer
5 22 (8.40%) Apache Spark Developer
5 22 (8.40%) Elasticsearch Developer
6 20 (7.63%) Quantitative Developer
7 18 (6.87%) Python Engineer
8 15 (5.73%) Senior Data Scientist
9 14 (5.34%) Senior Developer
10 10 (3.82%) Senior Python Developer
11 9 (3.44%) Front Office Developer
12 7 (2.67%) Big Data Developer
12 7 (2.67%) Full Stack Developer
12 7 (2.67%) JavaScript Developer
13 6 (2.29%) Senior Full Stack Developer
13 6 (2.29%) Senior JavaScript Developer
14 5 (1.91%) Machine Learning Scientist
14 5 (1.91%) Senior Data Engineer
15 4 (1.53%) Big Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 203 (77.48%) NumPy
2 98 (37.40%) PySpark
3 48 (18.32%) scikit-learn
4 42 (16.03%) Flask
5 38 (14.50%) React
6 25 (9.54%) Web Services
7 23 (8.78%) Redux
8 22 (8.40%) pytest
8 22 (8.40%) RESTful
9 21 (8.02%) Elastic Stack
9 21 (8.02%) Natural Language Processing
9 21 (8.02%) SciPy
10 17 (6.49%) Kafka
11 15 (5.73%) TensorFlow
12 14 (5.34%) Django
13 11 (4.20%) AngularJS
13 11 (4.20%) SpaCy
14 10 (3.82%) D3.js
14 10 (3.82%) HTML
15 9 (3.44%) Keras
Miscellaneous
1 61 (23.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 41 (15.65%) Algorithms
3 35 (13.36%) Hedge funds
4 27 (10.31%) Data Structures
5 21 (8.02%) Analytical Skills
6 19 (7.25%) Client/Server
7 14 (5.34%) Greenfield Project
8 9 (3.44%) Enterprise Software
9 8 (3.05%) Derivative
10 4 (1.53%) Clustering
11 3 (1.15%) Equities
11 3 (1.15%) Fintech
11 3 (1.15%) Fixed Income
11 3 (1.15%) Internet of Things
11 3 (1.15%) Social Media
11 3 (1.15%) STB
12 2 (0.76%) Cloud Native
12 2 (0.76%) Linked Data
12 2 (0.76%) Semantic Web
12 2 (0.76%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 28 (10.69%) Linux
2 6 (2.29%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 88 (33.59%) Agile Software Development
2 87 (33.21%) Machine Learning
3 85 (32.44%) Data Science
4 53 (20.23%) TDD
5 52 (19.85%) Analytics
6 49 (18.70%) Open Source
7 42 (16.03%) Visualisation
8 40 (15.27%) Software Engineering
9 38 (14.50%) Microservices
10 37 (14.12%) OO
11 34 (12.98%) Test Automation
12 29 (11.07%) Data Visualisation
13 27 (10.31%) BDD
13 27 (10.31%) Web Development
14 25 (9.54%) ETL
14 25 (9.54%) Mathematics
15 24 (9.16%) SDLC
16 22 (8.40%) OOD
17 21 (8.02%) Task Automation
18 19 (7.25%) Automated Trading
Programming Languages
1 261 (99.62%) Python
2 106 (40.46%) SQL
3 49 (18.70%) Java
4 43 (16.41%) JavaScript
5 24 (9.16%) C++
6 22 (8.40%) Bash Shell
7 21 (8.02%) Scala
8 20 (7.63%) Cython
9 18 (6.87%) R
10 10 (3.82%) Cypher
11 7 (2.67%) VBA
12 5 (1.91%) PowerShell
13 4 (1.53%) C#
13 4 (1.53%) Kotlin
14 3 (1.15%) Julia
15 2 (0.76%) MATLAB
15 2 (0.76%) PHP
15 2 (0.76%) Shell Script
16 1 (0.38%) C
16 1 (0.38%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 16 (6.11%) Degree
2 7 (2.67%) Master's Degree
2 7 (2.67%) PhD
3 6 (2.29%) Security Cleared
4 5 (1.91%) SC Cleared
5 4 (1.53%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (1.15%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.38%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.38%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (4.96%) QA
2 1 (0.38%) Data Quality
2 1 (0.38%) MiFID
System Software
1 51 (19.47%) Docker
2 2 (0.76%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 35 (13.36%) Kubernetes
2 6 (2.29%) Ansible
3 3 (1.15%) Control-M
3 3 (1.15%) ITRS Geneos
3 3 (1.15%) Terraform
4 2 (0.76%) Grafana
4 2 (0.76%) Kibana
4 2 (0.76%) Oozie
4 2 (0.76%) Prometheus
4 2 (0.76%) Tivoli
4 2 (0.76%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 81 (30.92%) Splunk
2 24 (9.16%) Tableau
3 11 (4.20%) Google
4 7 (2.67%) Oracle
5 6 (2.29%) Twitter
6 5 (1.91%) RedGate
7 4 (1.53%) Sybase
8 3 (1.15%) Cloudera
8 3 (1.15%) Databricks
8 3 (1.15%) Informatica
8 3 (1.15%) Microsoft
8 3 (1.15%) SAP
8 3 (1.15%) Talend
9 2 (0.76%) Atlassian
9 2 (0.76%) Facebook
9 2 (0.76%) Greenplum
9 2 (0.76%) IBM
9 2 (0.76%) Netezza
9 2 (0.76%) Rackspace
9 2 (0.76%) Teradata