Period
to 23 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Pandas skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Pandas over the 6 months to 23 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pandas
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 699 770 829
Rank change year-on-year +71 +59 +46
Contract jobs citing Pandas 189 96 64
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.19% 0.098% 0.060%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.53% 0.30% 0.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 148 69 44
UK median daily rate £550 £505 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.91% +6.32% -24.00%
10th Percentile £421 £350 £379
90th Percentile £725 £688 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £421 £350 £425
% change year-on-year +20.29% -17.65% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 1 0
UK median hourly rate £8.00 £45.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -82.22% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £8.00 £45.00 -
% change year-on-year -82.22% - -

Pandas is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,410 31,713 32,179
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.02% 32.37% 29.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,991 22,024 22,448
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £310 £294
90th Percentile £625 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 333 387 384
UK median hourly rate £41.77 £40.00 £36.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.41% +10.34% -2.08%
10th Percentile £15.24 £16.40 £13.50
90th Percentile £59.75 £53.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +2.50% +11.11% -3.87%

Pandas
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Pandas as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Pandas.

Contractor daily rate trend for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Pandas over the 6 months to 23 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pandas.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Pandas over the 6 months to 23 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Top 8 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pandas within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +96 188 £550 +4.76% 45
London +53 150 £550 +3.53% 40
UK excluding London +13 38 £421 +20.29% 8
South East +6 26 £421 - 5
North of England -13 7 £413 -
North West -1 6 £413 -
South West - 5 £320 -
Yorkshire - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 23 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Pandas also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Pandas.

1 189 (100.00%) Python
2 143 (75.66%) NumPy
3 89 (47.09%) Data Science
4 85 (44.97%) Finance
5 77 (40.74%) Machine Learning
6 59 (31.22%) PySpark
7 58 (30.69%) SQL
8 55 (29.10%) Apache Spark
9 46 (24.34%) Elasticsearch
10 44 (23.28%) SciPy
11 40 (21.16%) Analytics
11 40 (21.16%) Algorithms
12 39 (20.63%) Docker
12 39 (20.63%) Software Engineering
13 38 (20.11%) Mathematics
14 37 (19.58%) Analytical Skills
15 36 (19.05%) scikit-learn
16 35 (18.52%) TDD
17 34 (17.99%) Web Development
17 34 (17.99%) Deep Learning
18 33 (17.46%) Flask
18 33 (17.46%) TensorFlow
19 32 (16.93%) Visualisation
19 32 (16.93%) Continuous Integration
20 29 (15.34%) Tableau
21 28 (14.81%) Big Data
22 27 (14.29%) Amazon AWS
22 27 (14.29%) Open Source
22 27 (14.29%) Jupyter
23 26 (13.76%) Hadoop

Pandas
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (29.10%) Apache Spark
2 46 (24.34%) Elasticsearch
3 27 (14.29%) Jupyter
4 15 (7.94%) nginx
5 5 (2.65%) Apache Pig
6 4 (2.12%) Apache Airflow
7 3 (1.59%) Apache Solr
7 3 (1.59%) IPython
7 3 (1.59%) Luigi
7 3 (1.59%) SAS
8 1 (0.53%) Apache
8 1 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
8 1 (0.53%) Gunicorn
Applications
1 10 (5.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.59%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.53%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 1 (0.53%) Finacle
1 1 (0.53%) FLEXCUBE
Cloud Services
1 27 (14.29%) Amazon AWS
2 18 (9.52%) Microsoft Azure
3 12 (6.35%) GitHub
4 7 (3.70%) Azure Machine Learning
5 5 (2.65%) Google Cloud Platform
6 4 (2.12%) OpenShift
7 3 (1.59%) Amazon EC2
7 3 (1.59%) Amazon S3
8 2 (1.06%) AWS Lambda
8 2 (1.06%) Cloud Computing
8 2 (1.06%) Serverless
9 1 (0.53%) AdWords
9 1 (0.53%) Amazon EMR
9 1 (0.53%) AWS CloudFormation
9 1 (0.53%) Azure Data Factory
9 1 (0.53%) npm
9 1 (0.53%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 1 (0.53%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.59%) Internet
2 1 (0.53%) SMS
2 1 (0.53%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (14.81%) Big Data
2 26 (13.76%) Hadoop
3 17 (8.99%) NoSQL
4 16 (8.47%) Data Mining
4 16 (8.47%) MongoDB
4 16 (8.47%) PostgreSQL
5 15 (7.94%) Power BI
6 11 (5.82%) SQL Server
7 10 (5.29%) Apache Hive
8 7 (3.70%) Geospatial Data
9 6 (3.17%) Spotfire
9 6 (3.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 5 (2.65%) Amazon Redshift
10 5 (2.65%) Data Warehouse
11 4 (2.12%) Apache Cassandra
11 4 (2.12%) Neo4j
11 4 (2.12%) Relational Database
11 4 (2.12%) SQL Server 2012
11 4 (2.12%) SQL Server 2016
11 4 (2.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 26 (13.76%) Git (software)
2 18 (9.52%) Jenkins
3 13 (6.88%) TeamCity
4 12 (6.35%) Team Foundation Server
5 5 (2.65%) Octopus Deploy
6 4 (2.12%) GitLab
7 1 (0.53%) gulp
7 1 (0.53%) Hudson
7 1 (0.53%) Jasmine
7 1 (0.53%) JIRA
7 1 (0.53%) Karma Test Runner
7 1 (0.53%) Mocha
7 1 (0.53%) Selenium
7 1 (0.53%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 85 (44.97%) Finance
2 24 (12.70%) Banking
3 13 (6.88%) Front Office
4 11 (5.82%) Games
5 6 (3.17%) Investment Banking
6 4 (2.12%) Financial Institution
6 4 (2.12%) Retail
7 2 (1.06%) Advertising
7 2 (1.06%) Marketing
7 2 (1.06%) Telecoms
8 1 (0.53%) Aerospace
8 1 (0.53%) Electronics
8 1 (0.53%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 116 (61.38%) Developer
2 106 (56.08%) Python Developer
3 49 (25.93%) Data Scientist
4 26 (13.76%) Data Engineer
5 22 (11.64%) Apache Spark Developer
5 22 (11.64%) Elasticsearch Developer
6 21 (11.11%) Python Engineer
7 10 (5.29%) Senior Developer
8 7 (3.70%) Front Office Developer
8 7 (3.70%) Machine Learning Scientist
8 7 (3.70%) Python Software Engineer
8 7 (3.70%) Quantitative Developer
8 7 (3.70%) Senior Python Developer
8 7 (3.70%) Software Engineer
9 6 (3.17%) Big Data Developer
10 5 (2.65%) AWS Engineer
10 5 (2.65%) React Developer
10 5 (2.65%) Senior Data Engineer
10 5 (2.65%) Senior Data Scientist
11 4 (2.12%) Machine Learning Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 143 (75.66%) NumPy
2 59 (31.22%) PySpark
3 44 (23.28%) SciPy
4 36 (19.05%) scikit-learn
5 33 (17.46%) Flask
5 33 (17.46%) TensorFlow
6 23 (12.17%) Keras
6 23 (12.17%) SQLAlchemy
7 20 (10.58%) React
8 18 (9.52%) Matplotlib
9 16 (8.47%) D3.js
10 13 (6.88%) AngularJS
11 11 (5.82%) Django
12 10 (5.29%) Natural Language Processing
12 10 (5.29%) REST
12 10 (5.29%) Unity (Game Engine)
12 10 (5.29%) Unreal Engine
12 10 (5.29%) Vue.js
13 9 (4.76%) Anaconda
14 8 (4.23%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 40 (21.16%) Algorithms
2 37 (19.58%) Analytical Skills
3 26 (13.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 17 (8.99%) Computer Science
5 11 (5.82%) Derivative
5 11 (5.82%) Greenfield Project
6 10 (5.29%) Hedge funds
7 7 (3.70%) Fintech
8 5 (2.65%) Data Structures
8 5 (2.65%) User Experience
9 3 (1.59%) Client/Server
9 3 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
9 3 (1.59%) Internet of Things
9 3 (1.59%) Linux Command Line
10 2 (1.06%) CUDA
10 2 (1.06%) Digital Media
10 2 (1.06%) Minimum Viable Product
10 2 (1.06%) Social Media
11 1 (0.53%) GPGPU
11 1 (0.53%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 17 (8.99%) Linux
2 4 (2.12%) Windows
3 1 (0.53%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 89 (47.09%) Data Science
2 77 (40.74%) Machine Learning
3 40 (21.16%) Analytics
4 39 (20.63%) Software Engineering
5 38 (20.11%) Mathematics
6 35 (18.52%) TDD
7 34 (17.99%) Deep Learning
7 34 (17.99%) Web Development
8 32 (16.93%) Continuous Integration
8 32 (16.93%) Visualisation
9 27 (14.29%) Open Source
10 24 (12.70%) Agile Software Development
11 18 (9.52%) Data Modelling
11 18 (9.52%) ETL
12 17 (8.99%) Problem-Solving
13 16 (8.47%) Artificial Intelligence
14 15 (7.94%) Data Analysis
15 14 (7.41%) Statistics
16 12 (6.35%) Business Intelligence
16 12 (6.35%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 189 (100.00%) Python
2 58 (30.69%) SQL
3 25 (13.23%) R
4 15 (7.94%) C++
5 14 (7.41%) JavaScript
6 12 (6.35%) Scala
7 11 (5.82%) Java
8 10 (5.29%) VBA
9 8 (4.23%) Cython
10 7 (3.70%) Bash Shell
10 7 (3.70%) C
11 6 (3.17%) MATLAB
12 4 (2.12%) Cypher
12 4 (2.12%) PowerShell
13 3 (1.59%) C#
13 3 (1.59%) TypeScript
14 2 (1.06%) Embedded C
14 2 (1.06%) Embedded C++
14 2 (1.06%) Kotlin
15 1 (0.53%) ES6
Qualifications
1 20 (10.58%) Degree
2 14 (7.41%) PhD
3 7 (3.70%) SC Cleared
3 7 (3.70%) Security Cleared
4 4 (2.12%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (1.06%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.53%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (4.23%) QA
2 4 (2.12%) SLA
System Software
1 39 (20.63%) Docker
2 1 (0.53%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 14 (7.41%) Kubernetes
2 7 (3.70%) Ansible
3 4 (2.12%) Docker Swarm
4 3 (1.59%) Terraform
5 1 (0.53%) Hadoop YARN
5 1 (0.53%) Packer
Vendors
1 29 (15.34%) Tableau
2 26 (13.76%) Splunk
3 7 (3.70%) Microsoft
4 5 (2.65%) RedGate
5 3 (1.59%) Google
6 2 (1.06%) Alteryx
6 2 (1.06%) Twitter
7 1 (0.53%) Databricks
7 1 (0.53%) Facebook