Period
to 18 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Pandas skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Pandas over the 6 months to 18 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pandas
UK
6 months to
18 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 731 760 846
Rank change year-on-year +29 +86 +22
Contract jobs citing Pandas 160 80 58
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.15% 0.084% 0.053%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.46% 0.26% 0.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 121 65 43
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.00% -16.67%
10th Percentile £408 £375 £363
90th Percentile £750 £740 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £422 - £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 0 0
UK median hourly rate £8.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £8.00 - -

Pandas is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,090 30,606 31,618
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.91% 32.21% 28.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,686 21,144 22,102
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £318 £305 £289
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 367 384 401
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.13 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.17% +7.01% +4.17%
10th Percentile £15.00 £15.05 £13.25
90th Percentile £58.00 £53.75 £51.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £41.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year -3.03% +10.00% +2.04%

Pandas
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Pandas as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Pandas.

Contractor daily rate trend for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Pandas over the 6 months to 18 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pandas.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Pandas over the 6 months to 18 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Top 8 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pandas within the UK over the 6 months to 18 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +37 158 £550 - 48
London -5 107 £575 +4.55% 40
UK excluding London - 52 £422 - 13
South East - 37 £473 - 3
South West - 9 £400 - 1
North West - 5 £413 - 1
North of England - 5 £413 - 1
Scotland - 1 - - 4

For the 6 months to 18 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Pandas also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Pandas.

1 160 (100.00%) Python
2 119 (74.38%) NumPy
3 95 (59.38%) Data Science
4 83 (51.88%) Machine Learning
5 60 (37.50%) SQL
6 58 (36.25%) SciPy
7 45 (28.13%) Finance
8 42 (26.25%) Mathematics
8 42 (26.25%) Algorithms
9 41 (25.63%) Software Engineering
10 40 (25.00%) Analytics
11 37 (23.13%) Flask
12 35 (21.88%) Deep Learning
12 35 (21.88%) Web Development
12 35 (21.88%) TensorFlow
13 34 (21.25%) Jupyter
13 34 (21.25%) Docker
13 34 (21.25%) Analytical Skills
13 34 (21.25%) TDD
14 33 (20.63%) Visualisation
14 33 (20.63%) scikit-learn
15 32 (20.00%) Linux
16 31 (19.38%) Degree
17 29 (18.13%) Continuous Integration
17 29 (18.13%) Keras
18 28 (17.50%) Apache Spark
18 28 (17.50%) R
19 27 (16.88%) Matplotlib
20 26 (16.25%) Git (software)
21 24 (15.00%) Open Source

Pandas
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (21.25%) Jupyter
2 28 (17.50%) Apache Spark
3 15 (9.38%) nginx
4 14 (8.75%) Elasticsearch
5 6 (3.75%) Apache Pig
6 4 (2.50%) Apache
6 4 (2.50%) SAS
7 3 (1.88%) Apache Airflow
7 3 (1.88%) Apache Solr
8 2 (1.25%) Luigi
9 1 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
9 1 (0.63%) Confluence
9 1 (0.63%) Gunicorn
Applications
1 5 (3.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.88%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 1 (0.63%) Finacle
1 1 (0.63%) FLEXCUBE
Cloud Services
1 20 (12.50%) Amazon AWS
2 12 (7.50%) Microsoft Azure
3 11 (6.88%) GitHub
4 7 (4.38%) Azure Machine Learning
5 4 (2.50%) Google Cloud Platform
5 4 (2.50%) OpenShift
6 3 (1.88%) Amazon EC2
6 3 (1.88%) Amazon S3
6 3 (1.88%) Google Analytics
7 2 (1.25%) Cloud Computing
8 1 (0.63%) AdWords
8 1 (0.63%) Amazon EMR
8 1 (0.63%) AWS CloudFormation
8 1 (0.63%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (0.63%) Azure Data Factory
8 1 (0.63%) npm
8 1 (0.63%) PaaS
8 1 (0.63%) Serverless
8 1 (0.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 1 (0.63%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.88%) Internet
1 3 (1.88%) SMS
2 1 (0.63%) HTTP
2 1 (0.63%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (14.38%) Hadoop
2 20 (12.50%) Big Data
3 19 (11.88%) Data Mining
4 13 (8.13%) MongoDB
5 12 (7.50%) NoSQL
6 10 (6.25%) Apache Hive
7 9 (5.63%) PostgreSQL
8 7 (4.38%) Geospatial Data
8 7 (4.38%) Power BI
9 6 (3.75%) Apache Cassandra
10 5 (3.13%) SQL Server
11 4 (2.50%) Amazon Redshift
11 4 (2.50%) HBase
11 4 (2.50%) MySQL
11 4 (2.50%) Redis
11 4 (2.50%) Relational Database
12 3 (1.88%) Mahout
13 2 (1.25%) GIS
13 2 (1.25%) OLAP
13 2 (1.25%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 26 (16.25%) Git (software)
2 11 (6.88%) Team Foundation Server
3 6 (3.75%) Jenkins
4 3 (1.88%) JIRA
5 1 (0.63%) git-flow
5 1 (0.63%) gulp
5 1 (0.63%) Jasmine
5 1 (0.63%) Karma Test Runner
5 1 (0.63%) Mocha
5 1 (0.63%) PyCharm
5 1 (0.63%) Selenium
5 1 (0.63%) Sublime Text
5 1 (0.63%) TeamCity
5 1 (0.63%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 45 (28.13%) Finance
2 22 (13.75%) Banking
3 13 (8.13%) Games
4 8 (5.00%) Front Office
5 5 (3.13%) Financial Institution
6 3 (1.88%) Investment Banking
6 3 (1.88%) Retail
7 2 (1.25%) Advertising
7 2 (1.25%) Legal
7 2 (1.25%) Telecoms
8 1 (0.63%) Aerospace
8 1 (0.63%) Automotive
8 1 (0.63%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.63%) Marketing
8 1 (0.63%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 83 (51.88%) Developer
2 79 (49.38%) Python Developer
3 50 (31.25%) Data Scientist
4 22 (13.75%) Data Engineer
5 20 (12.50%) Python Engineer
6 10 (6.25%) Machine Learning Scientist
6 10 (6.25%) Python Software Engineer
6 10 (6.25%) Software Engineer
7 9 (5.63%) Senior Developer
7 9 (5.63%) Senior Python Developer
8 6 (3.75%) AWS Engineer
9 5 (3.13%) Machine Learning Engineer
9 5 (3.13%) React Developer
10 4 (2.50%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 4 (2.50%) Quantitative Developer
10 4 (2.50%) Senior Data Scientist
10 4 (2.50%) Senior Software Engineer
11 3 (1.88%) Data Analyst
11 3 (1.88%) Front Office Developer
11 3 (1.88%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 119 (74.38%) NumPy
2 58 (36.25%) SciPy
3 37 (23.13%) Flask
4 35 (21.88%) TensorFlow
5 33 (20.63%) scikit-learn
6 29 (18.13%) Keras
7 27 (16.88%) Matplotlib
8 23 (14.38%) Django
9 22 (13.75%) SQLAlchemy
10 20 (12.50%) PySpark
11 19 (11.88%) D3.js
11 19 (11.88%) React
12 13 (8.13%) AngularJS
12 13 (8.13%) Unity (Game Engine)
12 13 (8.13%) Unreal Engine
13 12 (7.50%) Anaconda
14 10 (6.25%) Vue.js
15 9 (5.63%) REST
16 8 (5.00%) HTML
16 8 (5.00%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 42 (26.25%) Algorithms
2 34 (21.25%) Analytical Skills
3 23 (14.38%) Computer Science
4 10 (6.25%) Derivative
5 8 (5.00%) User Experience
6 7 (4.38%) Data Structures
7 6 (3.75%) Fintech
8 5 (3.13%) Greenfield Project
9 4 (2.50%) Equities
9 4 (2.50%) Linux Command Line
10 3 (1.88%) Hedge funds
10 3 (1.88%) Internet of Things
11 2 (1.25%) CUDA
11 2 (1.25%) Digital Media
11 2 (1.25%) Fixed Income
11 2 (1.25%) Market Risk
11 2 (1.25%) Minimum Viable Product
12 1 (0.63%) GPGPU
12 1 (0.63%) iPad
12 1 (0.63%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 32 (20.00%) Linux
2 4 (2.50%) Unix
2 4 (2.50%) Windows
3 3 (1.88%) CentOS
3 3 (1.88%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 95 (59.38%) Data Science
2 83 (51.88%) Machine Learning
3 42 (26.25%) Mathematics
4 41 (25.63%) Software Engineering
5 40 (25.00%) Analytics
6 35 (21.88%) Deep Learning
6 35 (21.88%) Web Development
7 34 (21.25%) TDD
8 33 (20.63%) Visualisation
9 29 (18.13%) Continuous Integration
10 24 (15.00%) Open Source
11 23 (14.38%) Agile Software Development
12 22 (13.75%) Statistics
13 18 (11.25%) Problem-Solving
13 18 (11.25%) Trend Analysis
14 17 (10.63%) Data Modelling
15 16 (10.00%) Decision-Making
16 15 (9.38%) Collaborative Working
16 15 (9.38%) Data Cleansing
16 15 (9.38%) Predictive Analysis
Programming Languages
1 160 (100.00%) Python
2 60 (37.50%) SQL
3 28 (17.50%) R
4 16 (10.00%) C++
4 16 (10.00%) JavaScript
5 14 (8.75%) Scala
6 13 (8.13%) C
7 11 (6.88%) Java
8 6 (3.75%) C#
9 5 (3.13%) Bash Shell
9 5 (3.13%) VBA
10 4 (2.50%) Cython
10 4 (2.50%) MATLAB
11 2 (1.25%) Embedded C
11 2 (1.25%) Embedded C++
11 2 (1.25%) Kotlin
11 2 (1.25%) Shell Script
11 2 (1.25%) TypeScript
12 1 (0.63%) ES6
12 1 (0.63%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 31 (19.38%) Degree
2 16 (10.00%) PhD
3 13 (8.13%) Security Cleared
4 12 (7.50%) SC Cleared
5 4 (2.50%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (2.50%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (2.50%) GCP
1 4 (2.50%) SLA
2 2 (1.25%) QA
3 1 (0.63%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 34 (21.25%) Docker
2 1 (0.63%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 10 (6.25%) Kubernetes
2 4 (2.50%) Docker Swarm
3 3 (1.88%) Ansible
4 2 (1.25%) Terraform
5 1 (0.63%) Hadoop YARN
5 1 (0.63%) Packer
Vendors
1 24 (15.00%) Tableau
2 8 (5.00%) Microsoft
3 4 (2.50%) Google
4 3 (1.88%) MapR
5 2 (1.25%) Atlassian
5 2 (1.25%) Oracle
5 2 (1.25%) Sybase
6 1 (0.63%) Alteryx
6 1 (0.63%) Capita
6 1 (0.63%) Databricks
6 1 (0.63%) Facebook
6 1 (0.63%) Twitter