Period
to 16 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Pandas skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Pandas over the 6 months to 16 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pandas
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 676 758 824
Rank change year-on-year +82 +66 +47
Contract jobs citing Pandas 217 135 84
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.21% 0.13% 0.079%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.60% 0.41% 0.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 161 98 56
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £495
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +6.06% -20.80%
10th Percentile £413 £350 £406
90th Percentile £725 £688 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £469 £350 £425
% change year-on-year +33.93% -17.65% -15.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 0
UK median hourly rate £8.00 £45.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -82.22% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £8.00 £45.00 -
% change year-on-year -82.22% - -

Pandas is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 36,174 33,145 32,656
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.81% 32.21% 30.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,485 23,402 22,601
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 319 376 376
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% +5.26% +1.33%
10th Percentile £17.00 £18.25 £14.23
90th Percentile £60.00 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £41.00 £37.25
% change year-on-year - +10.07% -0.67%

Pandas
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Pandas as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Pandas.

Contractor daily rate trend for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Pandas over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pandas.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Pandas over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Pandas in the UK

Pandas
Top 10 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pandas within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +55 217 £550 - 71
London +87 189 £550 - 54
UK excluding London -26 28 £469 +33.93% 20
South East +6 15 £625 +25.00% 4
North of England -14 7 £413 - 4
North West -12 6 £413 - 2
South West -26 5 £320 -6.43% 2
Yorkshire - 1 - -
Midlands - 1 - - 5
West Midlands - 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 16 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Pandas also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Pandas.

1 217 (100.00%) Python
2 162 (74.65%) NumPy
3 117 (53.92%) Finance
4 79 (36.41%) Data Science
5 78 (35.94%) SQL
6 75 (34.56%) Apache Spark
6 75 (34.56%) PySpark
7 65 (29.95%) Elasticsearch
8 63 (29.03%) Machine Learning
9 44 (20.28%) Analytics
10 43 (19.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 43 (19.82%) scikit-learn
11 42 (19.35%) Docker
11 42 (19.35%) Splunk
12 41 (18.89%) Agile Software Development
13 37 (17.05%) SciPy
13 37 (17.05%) TDD
13 37 (17.05%) Software Engineering
14 35 (16.13%) Flask
15 34 (15.67%) Algorithms
16 33 (15.21%) Visualisation
16 33 (15.21%) Amazon AWS
17 30 (13.82%) Continuous Integration
17 30 (13.82%) OO
18 29 (13.36%) Mathematics
19 27 (12.44%) React
19 27 (12.44%) Linux
19 27 (12.44%) Jenkins
20 26 (11.98%) Microsoft Azure
20 26 (11.98%) Kubernetes

Pandas
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (34.56%) Apache Spark
2 65 (29.95%) Elasticsearch
3 24 (11.06%) Jupyter
4 14 (6.45%) IPython
5 6 (2.76%) Apache Pig
6 5 (2.30%) Apache
7 3 (1.38%) Apache Airflow
7 3 (1.38%) Apache Solr
7 3 (1.38%) nginx
8 2 (0.92%) Luigi
9 1 (0.46%) Cloud Foundry
9 1 (0.46%) Gunicorn
9 1 (0.46%) SAS
Applications
1 10 (4.61%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.92%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 3 (1.38%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 33 (15.21%) Amazon AWS
2 26 (11.98%) Microsoft Azure
3 12 (5.53%) GitHub
4 9 (4.15%) Google Cloud Platform
5 7 (3.23%) Azure Machine Learning
6 4 (1.84%) OpenShift
7 3 (1.38%) Amazon EC2
7 3 (1.38%) Amazon S3
8 2 (0.92%) Amazon EMR
8 2 (0.92%) AWS Lambda
8 2 (0.92%) Serverless
9 1 (0.46%) AdWords
9 1 (0.46%) AWS CloudFormation
9 1 (0.46%) Azure Data Factory
9 1 (0.46%) Cloud Computing
9 1 (0.46%) npm
9 1 (0.46%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 1 (0.46%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.38%) Internet
2 1 (0.46%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 25 (11.52%) Big Data
2 23 (10.60%) PostgreSQL
3 21 (9.68%) Hadoop
4 19 (8.76%) MongoDB
4 19 (8.76%) NoSQL
5 17 (7.83%) Power BI
6 12 (5.53%) Apache Hive
6 12 (5.53%) Relational Database
6 12 (5.53%) SQL Server
7 10 (4.61%) Data Mining
7 10 (4.61%) Spotfire
8 9 (4.15%) Neo4j
9 7 (3.23%) Geospatial Data
9 7 (3.23%) Impala
10 6 (2.76%) Data Warehouse
10 6 (2.76%) MySQL
10 6 (2.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 5 (2.30%) Amazon Redshift
11 5 (2.30%) Blockchain
11 5 (2.30%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 27 (12.44%) Jenkins
2 18 (8.29%) Git (software)
3 17 (7.83%) TeamCity
4 11 (5.07%) Team Foundation Server
5 8 (3.69%) GitLab
6 5 (2.30%) Octopus Deploy
7 4 (1.84%) JIRA
8 3 (1.38%) SonarQube
9 2 (0.92%) SoapUI
10 1 (0.46%) gulp
10 1 (0.46%) Hudson
10 1 (0.46%) Log4j
10 1 (0.46%) Selenium
10 1 (0.46%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 117 (53.92%) Finance
2 24 (11.06%) Banking
3 17 (7.83%) Front Office
4 9 (4.15%) Marketing
5 6 (2.76%) Investment Banking
6 5 (2.30%) Advertising
7 4 (1.84%) Games
8 3 (1.38%) Financial Institution
8 3 (1.38%) Retail
8 3 (1.38%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.46%) Electronics
9 1 (0.46%) Legal
9 1 (0.46%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 147 (67.74%) Developer
2 134 (61.75%) Python Developer
3 38 (17.51%) Data Scientist
4 28 (12.90%) Data Engineer
5 22 (10.14%) Apache Spark Developer
5 22 (10.14%) Elasticsearch Developer
6 17 (7.83%) Python Engineer
6 17 (7.83%) Quantitative Developer
7 15 (6.91%) Senior Developer
8 11 (5.07%) Senior Python Developer
9 10 (4.61%) Senior Data Scientist
10 8 (3.69%) Front Office Developer
11 7 (3.23%) Big Data Developer
11 7 (3.23%) JavaScript Developer
12 6 (2.76%) Full Stack Developer
13 5 (2.30%) Django Developer
13 5 (2.30%) Python/Django Developer
13 5 (2.30%) Senior Data Engineer
13 5 (2.30%) Senior JavaScript Developer
13 5 (2.30%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 162 (74.65%) NumPy
2 75 (34.56%) PySpark
3 43 (19.82%) scikit-learn
4 37 (17.05%) SciPy
5 35 (16.13%) Flask
6 27 (12.44%) React
7 19 (8.76%) SQLAlchemy
8 18 (8.29%) TensorFlow
9 17 (7.83%) Django
10 16 (7.37%) AngularJS
10 16 (7.37%) Natural Language Processing
11 14 (6.45%) D3.js
12 13 (5.99%) HTML
13 12 (5.53%) Keras
13 12 (5.53%) Node.js
14 11 (5.07%) CSS
14 11 (5.07%) Matplotlib
15 10 (4.61%) REST
16 9 (4.15%) Kafka
16 9 (4.15%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 43 (19.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 34 (15.67%) Algorithms
3 25 (11.52%) Hedge funds
4 21 (9.68%) Analytical Skills
5 18 (8.29%) Computer Science
6 17 (7.83%) Data Structures
7 14 (6.45%) Client/Server
8 12 (5.53%) Greenfield Project
9 10 (4.61%) Derivative
10 7 (3.23%) Fintech
11 4 (1.84%) Enterprise Software
12 3 (1.38%) Clustering
12 3 (1.38%) Fixed Income
12 3 (1.38%) Internet of Things
12 3 (1.38%) Linux Command Line
12 3 (1.38%) Social Media
12 3 (1.38%) STB
13 2 (0.92%) Cloud Native
13 2 (0.92%) Minimum Viable Product
13 2 (0.92%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 27 (12.44%) Linux
2 5 (2.30%) Unix
3 3 (1.38%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 79 (36.41%) Data Science
2 63 (29.03%) Machine Learning
3 44 (20.28%) Analytics
4 41 (18.89%) Agile Software Development
5 37 (17.05%) Software Engineering
5 37 (17.05%) TDD
6 33 (15.21%) Visualisation
7 30 (13.82%) Continuous Integration
7 30 (13.82%) OO
8 29 (13.36%) Mathematics
9 24 (11.06%) Open Source
10 21 (9.68%) Web Development
11 20 (9.22%) Deep Learning
12 19 (8.76%) ETL
13 18 (8.29%) Data Modelling
14 17 (7.83%) Artificial Intelligence
15 15 (6.91%) Data Visualisation
16 14 (6.45%) Backtesting
16 14 (6.45%) OOD
16 14 (6.45%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 217 (100.00%) Python
2 78 (35.94%) SQL
3 25 (11.52%) JavaScript
4 22 (10.14%) C++
4 22 (10.14%) Java
5 20 (9.22%) R
5 20 (9.22%) Scala
6 18 (8.29%) Cython
7 14 (6.45%) Bash Shell
8 10 (4.61%) VBA
9 8 (3.69%) Cypher
10 6 (2.76%) MATLAB
11 5 (2.30%) PowerShell
12 4 (1.84%) C#
13 3 (1.38%) C
13 3 (1.38%) Shell Script
14 2 (0.92%) Embedded C
14 2 (0.92%) Embedded C++
14 2 (0.92%) Kotlin
14 2 (0.92%) PHP
Qualifications
1 21 (9.68%) Degree
2 7 (3.23%) PhD
3 5 (2.30%) Computer Science Degree
4 4 (1.84%) Master's Degree
4 4 (1.84%) SC Cleared
4 4 (1.84%) Security Cleared
5 1 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (5.07%) QA
2 2 (0.92%) SLA
3 1 (0.46%) Data Quality
System Software
1 42 (19.35%) Docker
2 1 (0.46%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 26 (11.98%) Kubernetes
2 5 (2.30%) Ansible
2 5 (2.30%) Terraform
3 4 (1.84%) Docker Swarm
4 3 (1.38%) Control-M
4 3 (1.38%) ITRS Geneos
5 2 (0.92%) Kibana
6 1 (0.46%) Grafana
6 1 (0.46%) Hadoop YARN
6 1 (0.46%) Oozie
6 1 (0.46%) Packer
6 1 (0.46%) Prometheus
6 1 (0.46%) Tivoli
6 1 (0.46%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 42 (19.35%) Splunk
2 22 (10.14%) Tableau
3 7 (3.23%) Microsoft
4 6 (2.76%) Google
5 5 (2.30%) RedGate
6 3 (1.38%) Cloudera
6 3 (1.38%) Oracle
7 2 (0.92%) Alteryx
7 2 (0.92%) Rackspace
7 2 (0.92%) Twitter
8 1 (0.46%) Databricks
8 1 (0.46%) Facebook
8 1 (0.46%) Greenplum
8 1 (0.46%) IBM
8 1 (0.46%) Netezza
8 1 (0.46%) Sybase
8 1 (0.46%) Teradata