Period
to 15 June 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Linux Command Line in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux Command Line over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux/Unix Command Line Interface (CLI)
UK
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 556 453 464
Rank change year-on-year -103 +11 +11
Contract jobs citing Linux Command Line 154 151 412
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.25% 0.35% 0.45%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.85% 1.19% 1.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 88 101 255
10th Percentile £332 £375 £350
25th Percentile £424 £425 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £483
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +3.56% -8.04%
75th Percentile £577 £568 £575
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £490 £468
% change year-on-year +2.04% +4.81% +3.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 2
Median hourly rate - £66.00 £49.34
Median % change year-on-year - +33.78% +34.78%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £66.00 £46.67
% change year-on-year - +41.42% +1.46%

Linux Command Line is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 18,026 12,709 25,873
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.21% 29.14% 28.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,092 8,308 16,994
10th Percentile £300 £256 £288
25th Percentile £400 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.70%
75th Percentile £603 £600 £580
90th Percentile £700 £706 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 647 521 874
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.61 £11.80
25th Percentile £15.77 £16.20 £13.85
Median hourly rate £25.00 £24.70 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year +1.21% +23.50% -11.11%
75th Percentile £48.75 £46.75 £43.75
90th Percentile £60.00 £55.00 £51.64
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.75 £20.98 £18.06
% change year-on-year +8.46% +16.17% -16.02%

Linux Command Line
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Linux Command Line as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux Command Line in the UK

Linux Command Line
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Linux Command Line.

Daily rate trend for Linux Command Line in the UK

Linux Command Line
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Linux Command Line over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Linux Command Line in the UK

Linux Command Line
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Linux Command Line.

Hourly rate trend for Linux Command Line in the UK

Linux Command Line
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux Command Line within the UK over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -71 115 £525 +5.00% 88
UK excluding London +11 72 £500 +2.04% 62
Work from Home -223 49 £533 +12.11% 15
London -119 47 £544 +8.75% 32
South East +8 29 £475 -5.00% 16
North of England +19 14 £540 +2.86% 23
Scotland -29 11 £550 +14.58% 2
South West +14 9 £500 +5.26% 4
North West +4 9 £445 -15.24% 10
East of England +13 6 £525 +7.14% 3
Yorkshire - 5 £555 - 9
Midlands -12 3 £448 +11.88% 10
West Midlands -12 2 £525 +31.25% 8
East Midlands - 1 £370 - 2

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Linux Command Line also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Linux Command Line.

1 101 (65.58%) Linux
2 79 (51.30%) Python
3 76 (49.35%) DevOps
4 60 (38.96%) Git (software)
5 59 (38.31%) Agile Software Development
6 58 (37.66%) Jenkins
7 57 (37.01%) Bash Shell
8 54 (35.06%) SQL
9 52 (33.77%) Docker
10 49 (31.82%) Unix
11 47 (30.52%) Java
12 46 (29.87%) Windows
13 45 (29.22%) JIRA
14 37 (24.03%) Continuous Integration
14 37 (24.03%) Ansible
14 37 (24.03%) Terraform
14 37 (24.03%) Azure
14 37 (24.03%) AWS
15 36 (23.38%) Kubernetes
16 34 (22.08%) PowerShell
17 33 (21.43%) Scrum
17 33 (21.43%) Hadoop
17 33 (21.43%) Confluence
18 31 (20.13%) Test Automation
19 30 (19.48%) Apache Hive
19 30 (19.48%) Apache Spark
20 29 (18.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
20 29 (18.83%) Red Hat
21 28 (18.18%) Shell Script
21 28 (18.18%) Scala

Linux Command Line
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (21.43%) Confluence
2 30 (19.48%) Apache Spark
3 19 (12.34%) Apache
4 5 (3.25%) nginx
4 5 (3.25%) Tomcat
4 5 (3.25%) WebLogic
5 3 (1.95%) Elasticsearch
5 3 (1.95%) Ethereum
5 3 (1.95%) IIS
5 3 (1.95%) JBoss
5 3 (1.95%) OpenStack
5 3 (1.95%) Oracle Service Bus
6 1 (0.65%) BizTalk Server
6 1 (0.65%) MS Exchange
6 1 (0.65%) Red Hat Fuse
6 1 (0.65%) Site Server
6 1 (0.65%) WebSphere
6 1 (0.65%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 3 (1.95%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.65%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.65%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (1.95%) Distributed Ledger
1 3 (1.95%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 37 (24.03%) AWS
1 37 (24.03%) Azure
2 20 (12.99%) GitHub
3 16 (10.39%) AWS CloudFormation
4 12 (7.79%) Serverless
5 10 (6.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 9 (5.84%) Amazon EC2
6 9 (5.84%) AWS Lambda
6 9 (5.84%) GCP
7 8 (5.19%) Route 53
8 7 (4.55%) Amazon S3
9 6 (3.90%) AWS Fargate
9 6 (3.90%) IaaS
9 6 (3.90%) npm
9 6 (3.90%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 5 (3.25%) Amazon ECS
10 5 (3.25%) OpenShift
10 5 (3.25%) PaaS
11 4 (2.60%) AWS Direct Connect
11 4 (2.60%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 7 (4.55%) Firewall
2 5 (3.25%) DNS
2 5 (3.25%) NAS
2 5 (3.25%) SAN
2 5 (3.25%) SSH
2 5 (3.25%) Wi-Fi
3 4 (2.60%) Internet
4 3 (1.95%) Bluetooth
4 3 (1.95%) DHCP
4 3 (1.95%) IPFS
4 3 (1.95%) MQTT
4 3 (1.95%) SSL
4 3 (1.95%) VPN
5 2 (1.30%) 3G
5 2 (1.30%) 4G
5 2 (1.30%) 5G
5 2 (1.30%) LAN
5 2 (1.30%) Radio Access Network
5 2 (1.30%) SNMP
5 2 (1.30%) TACACS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (21.43%) Hadoop
2 30 (19.48%) Apache Hive
3 27 (17.53%) Big Data
4 22 (14.29%) PostgreSQL
5 20 (12.99%) Relational Database
6 19 (12.34%) HBase
7 17 (11.04%) SQL Server
8 12 (7.79%) MySQL
9 9 (5.84%) Spark SQL
10 6 (3.90%) Amazon RDS
10 6 (3.90%) Data Lake
11 5 (3.25%) DB2
11 5 (3.25%) RDBMS
12 4 (2.60%) MariaDB
12 4 (2.60%) MongoDB
13 3 (1.95%) Azure SQL Database
13 3 (1.95%) Blockchain
13 3 (1.95%) DB2 UDB
13 3 (1.95%) NoSQL
13 3 (1.95%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 60 (38.96%) Git (software)
2 58 (37.66%) Jenkins
3 45 (29.22%) JIRA
4 27 (17.53%) GitLab
5 25 (16.23%) Sonatype Nexus
6 17 (11.04%) IBM UrbanCode
7 14 (9.09%) Gradle
7 14 (9.09%) Maven
8 12 (7.79%) SonarQube
8 12 (7.79%) Visual Studio
9 11 (7.14%) TeamCity
10 10 (6.49%) Bitbucket
11 9 (5.84%) git-flow
12 8 (5.19%) Eclipse
13 7 (4.55%) Selenium
14 6 (3.90%) CircleCI
14 6 (3.90%) Travis CI
14 6 (3.90%) Visual Studio Code
14 6 (3.90%) Visual Studio Team System
15 5 (3.25%) PyCharm
General
1 24 (15.58%) Social Skills
2 22 (14.29%) Finance
3 20 (12.99%) Analytical Skills
4 13 (8.44%) Documentation Skills
5 11 (7.14%) Public Sector
6 6 (3.90%) Banking
7 4 (2.60%) Electronics
8 2 (1.30%) Retail
9 1 (0.65%) Organisational Skills
9 1 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 47 (30.52%) Developer
2 24 (15.58%) DevOps Engineer
3 15 (9.74%) Hadoop Developer
4 14 (9.09%) Scala Developer
5 13 (8.44%) Apache Spark Developer
6 11 (7.14%) Big Data Developer
7 10 (6.49%) Architect
7 10 (6.49%) AWS Engineer
7 10 (6.49%) Consultant
8 9 (5.84%) Data Engineer
9 8 (5.19%) Azure Engineer
9 8 (5.19%) Java Developer
10 7 (4.55%) Python Developer
10 7 (4.55%) Scala Engineer
11 6 (3.90%) Senior DevOps
11 6 (3.90%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 5 (3.25%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 5 (3.25%) Big Data Engineer
13 4 (2.60%) Platform Engineer
13 4 (2.60%) PostgreSQL DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 25 (16.23%) JSON
2 21 (13.64%) Web Services
3 15 (9.74%) HTML
3 15 (9.74%) YAML
4 14 (9.09%) PySpark
4 14 (9.09%) Spring
5 12 (7.79%) Kafka
5 12 (7.79%) REST
6 10 (6.49%) Node.js
7 9 (5.84%) React
7 9 (5.84%) SOAP
8 7 (4.55%) Elastic Stack
8 7 (4.55%) RESTful
8 7 (4.55%) Spring Boot
9 6 (3.90%) AngularJS
9 6 (3.90%) LDAP
9 6 (3.90%) OpenJDK
9 6 (3.90%) XML
10 5 (3.25%) OAuth
10 5 (3.25%) pytest
Miscellaneous
1 9 (5.84%) Public Cloud
2 8 (5.19%) Data Centre
2 8 (5.19%) Data Structures
2 8 (5.19%) Self-Motivation
3 7 (4.55%) PKI
4 5 (3.25%) Embedded Systems
4 5 (3.25%) User Experience
4 5 (3.25%) Virtual Team
5 3 (1.95%) Cloud Native
5 3 (1.95%) Mainframe
5 3 (1.95%) Raspberry Pi
5 3 (1.95%) Replication
6 2 (1.30%) AS400
6 2 (1.30%) Data Protection Act
6 2 (1.30%) Hybrid Cloud
6 2 (1.30%) Management Information System
6 2 (1.30%) NHS
6 2 (1.30%) Private Cloud
6 2 (1.30%) Reference Data
6 2 (1.30%) Symmetrix
Operating Systems
1 101 (65.58%) Linux
2 49 (31.82%) Unix
3 46 (29.87%) Windows
4 29 (18.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 13 (8.44%) CentOS
6 10 (6.49%) Windows Server
7 5 (3.25%) Solaris
8 4 (2.60%) SUSE
8 4 (2.60%) Ubuntu
8 4 (2.60%) Windows Server 2008
8 4 (2.60%) Windows Server 2016
9 3 (1.95%) Embedded Linux
9 3 (1.95%) Oracle Linux
9 3 (1.95%) VMS
9 3 (1.95%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (1.30%) AIX
10 2 (1.30%) Alpine Linux
10 2 (1.30%) Data ONTAP
10 2 (1.30%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
10 2 (1.30%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 76 (49.35%) DevOps
2 59 (38.31%) Agile Software Development
3 37 (24.03%) Continuous Integration
4 33 (21.43%) Scrum
5 31 (20.13%) Test Automation
6 28 (18.18%) Infrastructure as Code
7 25 (16.23%) Configuration Management
8 24 (15.58%) Kanban
8 24 (15.58%) Problem-Solving
9 15 (9.74%) Microservices
10 14 (9.09%) Migration
11 13 (8.44%) SDLC
12 12 (7.79%) BDD
13 11 (7.14%) Analytics
13 11 (7.14%) ETL
13 11 (7.14%) TDD
14 8 (5.19%) Disaster Recovery
14 8 (5.19%) Functional Programming
14 8 (5.19%) OOP
15 7 (4.55%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 79 (51.30%) Python
2 57 (37.01%) Bash Shell
3 54 (35.06%) SQL
4 47 (30.52%) Java
5 34 (22.08%) PowerShell
6 28 (18.18%) Scala
6 28 (18.18%) Shell Script
7 26 (16.88%) JavaScript
8 21 (13.64%) Perl
9 14 (9.09%) C#
10 9 (5.84%) C++
11 8 (5.19%) Elm
11 8 (5.19%) Groovy
11 8 (5.19%) Haskell
12 7 (4.55%) C
12 7 (4.55%) PHP
12 7 (4.55%) Ruby
13 6 (3.90%) Go
14 5 (3.25%) TypeScript
15 4 (2.60%) Bourne shell
Qualifications
1 20 (12.99%) Security Cleared
2 19 (12.34%) SC Cleared
3 5 (3.25%) AWS Certification
3 5 (3.25%) Degree
4 4 (2.60%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.65%) CCNA
5 1 (0.65%) Cisco Certification
5 1 (0.65%) JNCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (5.19%) QA
2 3 (1.95%) GDPR
3 1 (0.65%) Accessibility
3 1 (0.65%) Cyber Essentials
3 1 (0.65%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
3 1 (0.65%) SLA
System Software
1 52 (33.77%) Docker
2 21 (13.64%) HDFS
3 9 (5.84%) Active Directory
4 8 (5.19%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (4.55%) Hyper-V
5 7 (4.55%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (1.95%) KVM
6 3 (1.95%) NFS
6 3 (1.95%) RACF
7 2 (1.30%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (1.30%) Samba
7 2 (1.30%) SRDF
8 1 (0.65%) OCFS2
8 1 (0.65%) Postfix
8 1 (0.65%) qmail
8 1 (0.65%) Sendmail
8 1 (0.65%) Veritas File System
8 1 (0.65%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 1 (0.65%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 37 (24.03%) Ansible
1 37 (24.03%) Terraform
2 36 (23.38%) Kubernetes
3 21 (13.64%) Oozie
4 18 (11.69%) Puppet
5 13 (8.44%) Opscode Chef
6 6 (3.90%) Grafana
7 5 (3.25%) Docker Swarm
7 5 (3.25%) Hadoop YARN
7 5 (3.25%) Prometheus
8 4 (2.60%) Control-M
8 4 (2.60%) Istio
9 3 (1.95%) Cobbler
9 3 (1.95%) SCCM
10 2 (1.30%) Iperf
10 2 (1.30%) Nagios
10 2 (1.30%) NetBackup
10 2 (1.30%) Packer
10 2 (1.30%) Red Hat Satellite
10 2 (1.30%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 29 (18.83%) Red Hat
2 18 (11.69%) Microsoft
3 13 (8.44%) Oracle
4 11 (7.14%) IBM
4 11 (7.14%) VMware
5 6 (3.90%) EMC
6 5 (3.25%) Google
6 5 (3.25%) NetApp
7 4 (2.60%) Delphix
7 4 (2.60%) Splunk
7 4 (2.60%) Sybase
8 3 (1.95%) Atlassian
8 3 (1.95%) Cisco
8 3 (1.95%) HP
8 3 (1.95%) Parity
8 3 (1.95%) ServiceNow
8 3 (1.95%) Veritas
9 2 (1.30%) F5
9 2 (1.30%) Sun
9 2 (1.30%) TOWER Software