Period
to 18 July 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Linux Command Line in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux Command Line over the 6 months to 18 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux/Unix Command Line Interface (CLI)
UK
6 months to
18 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 478 461 530
Rank change year-on-year -17 +69 +67
Contract jobs citing Linux Command Line 398 502 332
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.43% 0.49% 0.35%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.33% 1.50% 1.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 242 327 226
UK median daily rate £475 £525 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -9.52% +22.09% +1.18%
10th Percentile £317 £350 £313
90th Percentile £643 £643 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £415
% change year-on-year - +8.43% -2.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 4 11
UK median hourly rate £49.34 £39.25 £47.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.69% -16.49% +4.44%
10th Percentile £47.20 £21.72 £24.00
90th Percentile £51.47 £48.00 £49.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.67 £39.25 £24.00
% change year-on-year +18.90% +63.54% -46.67%

Linux Command Line is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 29,878 33,482 31,410
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.25% 32.35% 33.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,247 21,593 20,295
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% +5.88%
10th Percentile £275 £270 £263
90th Percentile £668 £656 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,057 1,075 1,072
UK median hourly rate £20.50 £21.75 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.75% +8.75% -4.76%
10th Percentile £11.34 £11.83 £11.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.15 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.70 £21.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -10.96% +10.53% -5.00%

Linux Command Line
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Linux Command Line as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux Command Line in the UK

Linux Command Line
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux Command Line.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux Command Line in the UK

Linux Command Line
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux Command Line over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux Command Line in the UK

Linux Command Line
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux Command Line.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux Command Line in the UK

Linux Command Line
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux Command Line within the UK over the 6 months to 18 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -27 365 £488 -11.36% 160
London -10 214 £500 -9.91% 67
UK excluding London +12 177 £450 - 100
South East -30 49 £554 +16.58% 36
South West +7 34 £473 -0.53% 12
East of England +25 31 £375 +15.38% 14
Midlands +21 24 £450 +25.00% 5
Scotland +21 19 £425 - 6
North of England +18 14 £425 -10.53% 26
East Midlands +28 12 £399 - 2
North West -1 9 £425 -22.73% 14
Wales +5 6 £475 - 1
West Midlands +2 6 £560 +55.56% 3
Yorkshire +23 4 £525 - 12
North East +18 1 - -

For the 6 months to 18 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Linux Command Line also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Linux Command Line.

1 288 (72.36%) Linux
2 172 (43.22%) Agile Software Development
3 155 (38.94%) Unix
4 151 (37.94%) DevOps
5 137 (34.42%) Python
6 131 (32.91%) Java
6 131 (32.91%) Git (software)
7 120 (30.15%) Amazon AWS
8 115 (28.89%) Jenkins
9 107 (26.88%) Bash Shell
10 100 (25.13%) Windows
11 99 (24.87%) JavaScript
12 97 (24.37%) Test Automation
13 84 (21.11%) SQL
14 77 (19.35%) Continuous Integration
15 69 (17.34%) JIRA
16 68 (17.09%) Docker
17 64 (16.08%) HTML
18 61 (15.33%) CSS
18 61 (15.33%) PowerShell
19 59 (14.82%) Shell Script
20 58 (14.57%) Ansible
21 57 (14.32%) Kanban
21 57 (14.32%) Node.js
22 55 (13.82%) TDD
23 54 (13.57%) Terraform
24 53 (13.32%) Microsoft Azure
25 52 (13.07%) Problem-Solving
26 51 (12.81%) PHP
26 51 (12.81%) MySQL

Linux Command Line
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (9.55%) Confluence
2 22 (5.53%) Apache Spark
3 20 (5.03%) Apache
4 16 (4.02%) SharePoint
5 13 (3.27%) Ethereum
5 13 (3.27%) Hyperledger
6 11 (2.76%) Tomcat
7 7 (1.76%) WildFly
8 6 (1.51%) Elasticsearch
8 6 (1.51%) WordPress
9 5 (1.26%) JBoss
9 5 (1.26%) Mendix
9 5 (1.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 4 (1.01%) Apache Airflow
10 4 (1.01%) OpenStack
11 3 (0.75%) Drupal
11 3 (0.75%) SAS
12 2 (0.50%) CMS
12 2 (0.50%) MS Exchange
13 1 (0.25%) IIS
Applications
1 8 (2.01%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (1.01%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.75%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.50%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.25%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 13 (3.27%) Distributed Ledger
1 13 (3.27%) R3 Corda
2 1 (0.25%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 120 (30.15%) Amazon AWS
2 53 (13.32%) Microsoft Azure
3 38 (9.55%) GitHub
4 36 (9.05%) Amazon ECS
5 31 (7.79%) IaaS
5 31 (7.79%) Serverless
6 27 (6.78%) Amazon S3
7 25 (6.28%) Amazon EC2
7 25 (6.28%) AWS CloudFormation
8 23 (5.78%) PaaS
9 22 (5.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 21 (5.28%) Google Cloud Platform
11 20 (5.03%) AWS Lambda
12 17 (4.27%) Amazon Kinesis
12 17 (4.27%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 13 (3.27%) SaaS
14 12 (3.02%) Dynamics 365
15 9 (2.26%) DigitalOcean
15 9 (2.26%) Route 53
16 8 (2.01%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 21 (5.28%) Firewall
2 14 (3.52%) SSH
2 14 (3.52%) TCP/IP
3 13 (3.27%) VPN
4 12 (3.02%) IPFS
4 12 (3.02%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
5 10 (2.51%) Internet
6 9 (2.26%) DNS
6 9 (2.26%) Wireshark
7 8 (2.01%) HTTP
7 8 (2.01%) LAN
8 6 (1.51%) MPLS
8 6 (1.51%) SNMP
8 6 (1.51%) WAN
9 5 (1.26%) BGP
9 5 (1.26%) Cisco IOS
9 5 (1.26%) Junos
9 5 (1.26%) OSPF
10 4 (1.01%) Network Security
10 4 (1.01%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (12.81%) MySQL
2 32 (8.04%) Amazon RDS
2 32 (8.04%) SQL Server
3 27 (6.78%) Hadoop
4 24 (6.03%) Data Warehouse
4 24 (6.03%) HBase
5 23 (5.78%) Big Data
5 23 (5.78%) Blockchain
6 17 (4.27%) MongoDB
6 17 (4.27%) Relational Database
7 13 (3.27%) Parquet
7 13 (3.27%) RDBMS
8 12 (3.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 10 (2.51%) Amazon Athena
9 10 (2.51%) NoSQL
9 10 (2.51%) PostgreSQL
9 10 (2.51%) Redis
10 7 (1.76%) Amazon Aurora
10 7 (1.76%) Azure SQL Database
10 7 (1.76%) BusinessObjects XI
Development Applications
1 131 (32.91%) Git (software)
2 115 (28.89%) Jenkins
3 69 (17.34%) JIRA
4 31 (7.79%) Bitbucket
5 30 (7.54%) Visual Studio Team System
6 26 (6.53%) Maven
7 20 (5.03%) JUnit
8 19 (4.77%) GitLab
9 17 (4.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 15 (3.77%) Gradle
10 15 (3.77%) Mockito
11 14 (3.52%) CircleCI
11 14 (3.52%) Selenium
12 13 (3.27%) SonarQube
13 12 (3.02%) Cucumber
14 11 (2.76%) Checkstyle
14 11 (2.76%) Eclipse
14 11 (2.76%) Travis CI
15 10 (2.51%) Liquibase
16 9 (2.26%) Ant
General
1 32 (8.04%) Finance
2 21 (5.28%) Banking
3 10 (2.51%) Retail Banking
4 8 (2.01%) Games
5 7 (1.76%) Marketing
6 6 (1.51%) Telecoms
7 4 (1.01%) Advertising
7 4 (1.01%) Pharmaceutical
8 3 (0.75%) German Language
8 3 (0.75%) Publishing
9 2 (0.50%) Investment Banking
9 2 (0.50%) Retail
10 1 (0.25%) Aerospace
10 1 (0.25%) Back Office
10 1 (0.25%) Billing
10 1 (0.25%) Front Office
10 1 (0.25%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 193 (48.49%) Developer
2 47 (11.81%) Java Developer
3 46 (11.56%) DevOps Engineer
4 35 (8.79%) AWS Engineer
5 25 (6.28%) Administrator
6 22 (5.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 20 (5.03%) Consultant
8 19 (4.77%) AWS DevOps
8 19 (4.77%) Cloud Engineer
8 19 (4.77%) PHP Developer
8 19 (4.77%) React Developer
9 18 (4.52%) JavaScript Developer
9 18 (4.52%) Platform Engineer
10 17 (4.27%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 16 (4.02%) Automation Engineer
11 16 (4.02%) Hadoop Developer
11 16 (4.02%) Java Hadoop Developer
12 15 (3.77%) Analyst
13 13 (3.27%) Systems Administrator
13 13 (3.27%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 64 (16.08%) HTML
2 61 (15.33%) CSS
3 57 (14.32%) Node.js
4 48 (12.06%) JSON
5 42 (10.55%) RESTful
6 41 (10.30%) REST
7 39 (9.80%) Spring
8 29 (7.29%) React
9 25 (6.28%) Kafka
9 25 (6.28%) Middleware
10 22 (5.53%) XML
11 21 (5.28%) jQuery
12 20 (5.03%) Preactjs
13 18 (4.52%) .NET
13 18 (4.52%) Lambda Expressions
14 17 (4.27%) SAML
15 16 (4.02%) Web Services
16 15 (3.77%) GraphQL
16 15 (3.77%) Hibernate
16 15 (3.77%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 22 (5.53%) Analytical Skills
1 22 (5.53%) Bitcoin
2 21 (5.28%) Virtual Team
3 20 (5.03%) Video on Demand
4 17 (4.27%) Data Centre
4 17 (4.27%) Video\Live Streaming
5 14 (3.52%) Data Structures
6 13 (3.27%) Cloud Native
6 13 (3.27%) Clustering
7 12 (3.02%) Algorithms
8 11 (2.76%) Smart Meter
9 10 (2.51%) Public Cloud
9 10 (2.51%) Self-Motivation
10 9 (2.26%) Management Information System
11 8 (2.01%) Analytical Mindset
11 8 (2.01%) Greenfield Project
12 6 (1.51%) Mainframe
12 6 (1.51%) Replication
13 5 (1.26%) Mobile App
13 5 (1.26%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 288 (72.36%) Linux
2 155 (38.94%) Unix
3 100 (25.13%) Windows
4 16 (4.02%) Windows Server
5 15 (3.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 12 (3.02%) Mac OS
7 10 (2.51%) VMS
8 6 (1.51%) Solaris
9 5 (1.26%) AIX
9 5 (1.26%) Mac OS X
10 3 (0.75%) Windows Server 2003
10 3 (0.75%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.50%) Windows 2000
12 1 (0.25%) Apple iOS
12 1 (0.25%) CentOS
12 1 (0.25%) Data ONTAP
12 1 (0.25%) Debian
12 1 (0.25%) FreeBSD
12 1 (0.25%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 172 (43.22%) Agile Software Development
2 151 (37.94%) DevOps
3 97 (24.37%) Test Automation
4 77 (19.35%) Continuous Integration
5 57 (14.32%) Kanban
6 55 (13.82%) TDD
7 52 (13.07%) Problem-Solving
8 49 (12.31%) Software Engineering
9 47 (11.81%) Scrum
10 43 (10.80%) Configuration Management
11 38 (9.55%) BDD
12 33 (8.29%) Unit Testing
13 32 (8.04%) DRM
13 32 (8.04%) High Availability
14 30 (7.54%) Computer Science
14 30 (7.54%) Microservices
14 30 (7.54%) Project Management
15 29 (7.29%) OO
16 26 (6.53%) Data Modelling
16 26 (6.53%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 137 (34.42%) Python
2 131 (32.91%) Java
3 107 (26.88%) Bash Shell
4 99 (24.87%) JavaScript
5 84 (21.11%) SQL
6 61 (15.33%) PowerShell
7 59 (14.82%) Shell Script
8 51 (12.81%) PHP
9 43 (10.80%) TypeScript
10 38 (9.55%) Perl
11 26 (6.53%) Scala
12 24 (6.03%) Ruby
13 23 (5.78%) C++
14 22 (5.53%) C
15 17 (4.27%) Java 8
16 15 (3.77%) Korn
17 12 (3.02%) C#
18 11 (2.76%) JPQL
18 11 (2.76%) R
19 10 (2.51%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 37 (9.30%) Degree
2 36 (9.05%) Security Cleared
3 16 (4.02%) SC Cleared
4 13 (3.27%) AWS Certification
5 11 (2.76%) DV Cleared
6 9 (2.26%) Computer Science Degree
7 8 (2.01%) CISSP
8 7 (1.76%) CCENT
9 6 (1.51%) ISEB
9 6 (1.51%) ISTQB
10 5 (1.26%) SSCP
11 4 (1.01%) CCNA
11 4 (1.01%) Cisco Certification
12 3 (0.75%) JNCIE
12 3 (0.75%) JNCIP
12 3 (0.75%) MCSE
12 3 (0.75%) Microsoft Certification
12 3 (0.75%) RHCE
13 2 (0.50%) CCSE
13 2 (0.50%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (4.52%) QA
2 13 (3.27%) SLA
3 4 (1.01%) NIST
4 3 (0.75%) GDPR
5 1 (0.25%) NIST 800
5 1 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.25%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 68 (17.09%) Docker
2 30 (7.54%) Active Directory
3 24 (6.03%) HDFS
4 22 (5.53%) Virtual Machines
5 21 (5.28%) VMware Infrastructure
6 13 (3.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 12 (3.02%) Firmware
8 7 (1.76%) Hyper-V
9 6 (1.51%) RACF
10 5 (1.26%) VMware ESXi
10 5 (1.26%) VMware Workstation
11 3 (0.75%) vSphere
12 2 (0.50%) ISA Server
12 2 (0.50%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 2 (0.50%) NFS
12 2 (0.50%) SRDF
12 2 (0.50%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 2 (0.50%) Virtual Servers
13 1 (0.25%) pfSense
13 1 (0.25%) Samba
Systems Management
1 58 (14.57%) Ansible
2 54 (13.57%) Terraform
3 50 (12.56%) Kubernetes
4 45 (11.31%) Opscode Chef
4 45 (11.31%) Puppet
5 25 (6.28%) Hadoop YARN
6 9 (2.26%) Docker Swarm
7 7 (1.76%) SCCM
8 5 (1.26%) cPanel
8 5 (1.26%) Grafana
9 4 (1.01%) Nessus
9 4 (1.01%) Salt
10 3 (0.75%) HP Quality Center
10 3 (0.75%) Tivoli
10 3 (0.75%) Tivoli Storage Manager
10 3 (0.75%) vCenter Server
11 2 (0.50%) Automic
11 2 (0.50%) NetApp OnCommand
11 2 (0.50%) Rancher
11 2 (0.50%) Stealthwatch
Vendors
1 44 (11.06%) Microsoft
1 44 (11.06%) Red Hat
2 40 (10.05%) Splunk
3 32 (8.04%) Oracle
4 28 (7.04%) Atlassian
5 23 (5.78%) VMware
6 17 (4.27%) Google
7 10 (2.51%) Cisco
8 7 (1.76%) Percona
9 6 (1.51%) AppDynamics
9 6 (1.51%) Juniper
10 5 (1.26%) IBM
10 5 (1.26%) Teradata
11 4 (1.01%) Remedy
12 3 (0.75%) Brocade
12 3 (0.75%) CA
12 3 (0.75%) HP
12 3 (0.75%) Huawei
12 3 (0.75%) Mercator
12 3 (0.75%) Qualys