Period
to 12 December 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Linux Command Line in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux Command Line over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux/Unix Command Line Interface (CLI)
UK
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 497 541 613
Rank change year-on-year +44 +72 +93
Contract jobs citing Linux Command Line 442 380 304
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.42% 0.37% 0.29%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.27% 1.09% 0.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 305 253 196
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.53% +5.56% +7.14%
10th Percentile £318 £328 £313
90th Percentile £613 £575 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £405
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 3 3
UK median hourly rate £26.00 £47.50 £26.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -45.26% +79.25% -49.20%
10th Percentile £24.23 £43.09 £22.75
90th Percentile £56.72 £49.10 £44.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £47.50 £24.25
% change year-on-year -31.58% +95.88% -

Linux Command Line is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 34,816 34,745 34,143
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.06% 33.62% 33.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,964 23,064 22,260
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £250
90th Percentile £650 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,040 1,010 1,212
UK median hourly rate £20.25 £20.66 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.98% +3.28% +5.10%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £11.32
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.83 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.25 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -3.75% - +8.11%

Linux Command Line
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Linux Command Line as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux Command Line in the UK

Linux Command Line
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux Command Line.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux Command Line in the UK

Linux Command Line
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux Command Line over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux Command Line in the UK

Linux Command Line
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux Command Line.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux Command Line in the UK

Linux Command Line
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux Command Line over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux Command Line in the UK

Linux Command Line
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux Command Line within the UK over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +42 427 £525 +10.53% 137
London +39 293 £550 +12.82% 60
UK excluding London -9 146 £450 - 86
South East -10 63 £400 -15.79% 29
South West -21 28 £475 +46.15% 10
North of England -36 18 £450 +10.77% 19
Midlands -12 13 £525 -4.55% 8
East of England -6 10 £438 +16.67% 11
West Midlands -14 10 £548 +56.43% 5
Wales - 8 £413 - 2
North West -26 7 £450 +12.50% 9
North East -5 6 £430 +1.18% 2
Scotland -6 6 £250 -39.39% 6
Yorkshire -20 5 £475 -11.63% 8
East Midlands +9 3 £525 -4.55% 3

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Linux Command Line also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Linux Command Line.

1 308 (69.68%) Linux
2 260 (58.82%) Unix
3 245 (55.43%) Git (software)
4 232 (52.49%) Agile Software Development
5 201 (45.48%) Java
6 173 (39.14%) Python
7 149 (33.71%) Test Automation
8 138 (31.22%) Amazon AWS
9 120 (27.15%) Jenkins
10 115 (26.02%) REST
11 112 (25.34%) JIRA
12 108 (24.43%) DevOps
13 105 (23.76%) OO
14 99 (22.40%) Docker
15 97 (21.95%) Maven
16 96 (21.72%) RESTful
17 93 (21.04%) Relational Database
18 91 (20.59%) Confluence
19 88 (19.91%) Shell Script
19 88 (19.91%) Microservices
20 85 (19.23%) Continuous Integration
21 83 (18.78%) JUnit
21 83 (18.78%) SonarQube
22 82 (18.55%) Ansible
22 82 (18.55%) Puppet
23 78 (17.65%) Liquibase
24 75 (16.97%) Terraform
24 75 (16.97%) JavaScript
24 75 (16.97%) SQL
25 73 (16.52%) Apache

Linux Command Line
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (20.59%) Confluence
2 73 (16.52%) Apache
3 67 (15.16%) WildFly
4 19 (4.30%) Elasticsearch
5 10 (2.26%) Apache Solr
6 9 (2.04%) Tomcat
7 7 (1.58%) WordPress
8 6 (1.36%) CMS
8 6 (1.36%) nginx
8 6 (1.36%) OpenStack
9 5 (1.13%) Apache Spark
10 4 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
10 4 (0.90%) Drupal
10 4 (0.90%) GemFire
10 4 (0.90%) SharePoint
11 3 (0.68%) Apache Airflow
11 3 (0.68%) IIS
12 2 (0.45%) Exchange Server 2010
12 2 (0.45%) GlassFish
12 2 (0.45%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 21 (4.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (4.52%) MS Visio
3 16 (3.62%) Microsoft Office
4 14 (3.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (1.13%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.68%) Maya
6 3 (0.68%) NUKE
7 2 (0.45%) Houdini
Business Applications
1 14 (3.17%) HiPortfolio
2 3 (0.68%) Magento
2 3 (0.68%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.23%) Global One
Cloud Services
1 138 (31.22%) Amazon AWS
2 46 (10.41%) GitHub
3 39 (8.82%) AWS CloudFormation
4 34 (7.69%) Microsoft Azure
5 32 (7.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 24 (5.43%) Amazon EC2
7 20 (4.52%) Amazon S3
8 14 (3.17%) Amazon ELB
9 13 (2.94%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 12 (2.71%) Serverless
11 11 (2.49%) AWS Lambda
12 10 (2.26%) Google Cloud Platform
12 10 (2.26%) OpenShift
13 7 (1.58%) Amazon EMR
13 7 (1.58%) PaaS
14 6 (1.36%) Office 365
15 5 (1.13%) Amazon SQS
15 5 (1.13%) Datadog
16 4 (0.90%) AWS CloudTrail
17 3 (0.68%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 37 (8.37%) HTTP
2 27 (6.11%) Firewall
3 26 (5.88%) DNS
4 25 (5.66%) SSL
5 23 (5.20%) SSH
6 18 (4.07%) Internet
7 16 (3.62%) TCP/IP
8 15 (3.39%) LAN
9 12 (2.71%) Intranet
9 12 (2.71%) VPN
10 11 (2.49%) WAN
11 10 (2.26%) OpenVPN
12 8 (1.81%) OpenLDAP
12 8 (1.81%) Wireless
13 7 (1.58%) BIG-IP
13 7 (1.58%) MPLS
13 7 (1.58%) NAS
14 6 (1.36%) DVB
14 6 (1.36%) SAN
14 6 (1.36%) Structured Cabling
Database & Business Intelligence
1 93 (21.04%) Relational Database
2 72 (16.29%) RDBMS
3 37 (8.37%) MySQL
4 33 (7.47%) Hadoop
5 31 (7.01%) Big Data
6 29 (6.56%) HBase
7 26 (5.88%) Parquet
8 24 (5.43%) PostgreSQL
9 16 (3.62%) Amazon RDS
9 16 (3.62%) MongoDB
10 15 (3.39%) Oracle Reports
11 13 (2.94%) MariaDB
12 12 (2.71%) NoSQL
13 11 (2.49%) Apache Cassandra
13 11 (2.49%) SQL Server
14 6 (1.36%) Redis
15 4 (0.90%) Amazon Redshift
16 3 (0.68%) Apache Hive
17 2 (0.45%) BusinessObjects
17 2 (0.45%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 245 (55.43%) Git (software)
2 120 (27.15%) Jenkins
3 112 (25.34%) JIRA
4 97 (21.95%) Maven
5 83 (18.78%) JUnit
5 83 (18.78%) SonarQube
6 78 (17.65%) Liquibase
7 72 (16.29%) Vagrant
8 69 (15.61%) Checkstyle
8 69 (15.61%) Mockito
9 41 (9.28%) Selenium
10 40 (9.05%) Cucumber
11 30 (6.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 28 (6.33%) Gradle
12 28 (6.33%) Subversion
13 21 (4.75%) Bitbucket
14 19 (4.30%) Sonatype Nexus
15 17 (3.85%) Mocha
16 15 (3.39%) CircleCI
17 12 (2.71%) LoadRunner
General
1 38 (8.60%) Finance
2 23 (5.20%) Banking
3 17 (3.85%) Back Office
4 6 (1.36%) Marketing
5 5 (1.13%) Russian Language
6 4 (0.90%) Financial Institution
6 4 (0.90%) Law
6 4 (0.90%) Telecoms
7 3 (0.68%) German Language
7 3 (0.68%) Investment Banking
8 2 (0.45%) Front Office
8 2 (0.45%) Legal
8 2 (0.45%) Multimedia
9 1 (0.23%) Billing
9 1 (0.23%) Games
9 1 (0.23%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 188 (42.53%) Developer
2 86 (19.46%) Java Developer
3 80 (18.10%) DevOps Engineer
4 48 (10.86%) SC Cleared Java Developer
5 27 (6.11%) AWS DevOps
6 26 (5.88%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 26 (5.88%) AWS Engineer
7 25 (5.66%) Analyst
8 20 (4.52%) Administrator
8 20 (4.52%) Perl Developer
9 17 (3.85%) JavaScript Developer
9 17 (3.85%) Python Developer
9 17 (3.85%) React Developer
10 16 (3.62%) Linux Administrator
10 16 (3.62%) Linux/Unix DevOps
11 15 (3.39%) PHP Developer
12 14 (3.17%) Business Analyst
12 14 (3.17%) Technical Analyst
12 14 (3.17%) Technical Business Analyst
13 13 (2.94%) Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 115 (26.02%) REST
2 96 (21.72%) RESTful
3 70 (15.84%) Java EE
4 69 (15.61%) JAX-RS
4 69 (15.61%) JMS
4 69 (15.61%) Lambda Expressions
5 68 (15.38%) Drools
5 68 (15.38%) Hibernate
5 68 (15.38%) WireMock
6 58 (13.12%) CSS
7 57 (12.90%) React
8 54 (12.22%) HTML
9 43 (9.73%) JSON
10 41 (9.28%) Node.js
11 36 (8.14%) Gherkin
11 36 (8.14%) Kafka
12 34 (7.69%) RabbitMQ
13 32 (7.24%) Middleware
13 32 (7.24%) Spring
14 26 (5.88%) Apache Avro
Miscellaneous
1 40 (9.05%) Analytical Skills
2 35 (7.92%) Virtual Team
3 20 (4.52%) Data Centre
4 19 (4.30%) User Experience
5 15 (3.39%) Video\Live Streaming
6 12 (2.71%) Video on Demand
7 9 (2.04%) Hybrid Cloud
7 9 (2.04%) Over-the-Top Content
7 9 (2.04%) Replication
8 6 (1.36%) Embedded Systems
8 6 (1.36%) EMC VMAX
8 6 (1.36%) EMC VNX
8 6 (1.36%) IPTV
8 6 (1.36%) STB
9 5 (1.13%) Enterprise Storage
9 5 (1.13%) Self-Motivation
10 4 (0.90%) Animation
10 4 (0.90%) Fintech
10 4 (0.90%) Private Cloud
10 4 (0.90%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 308 (69.68%) Linux
2 260 (58.82%) Unix
3 67 (15.16%) VMS
4 50 (11.31%) Windows
5 43 (9.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 34 (7.69%) Solaris
7 29 (6.56%) CentOS
8 20 (4.52%) Windows Server
9 12 (2.71%) Ubuntu
10 11 (2.49%) Debian
11 9 (2.04%) Windows Server 2008
12 8 (1.81%) SUSE
12 8 (1.81%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 8 (1.81%) Windows 7
13 7 (1.58%) AIX
14 6 (1.36%) DC/OS
15 4 (0.90%) Android
15 4 (0.90%) Windows Server 2012
16 2 (0.45%) FreeBSD
16 2 (0.45%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 232 (52.49%) Agile Software Development
2 149 (33.71%) Test Automation
3 108 (24.43%) DevOps
4 105 (23.76%) OO
5 88 (19.91%) Microservices
6 85 (19.23%) Continuous Integration
7 69 (15.61%) Dependency Injection
7 69 (15.61%) Domain-Driven Design
7 69 (15.61%) OOA/OOD
8 68 (15.38%) CQRS
9 58 (13.12%) Unit Testing
10 56 (12.67%) TDD
11 49 (11.09%) Configuration Management
12 48 (10.86%) Migration
13 45 (10.18%) System Testing
14 44 (9.95%) Digital Transformation Programme
15 42 (9.50%) BDD
16 41 (9.28%) Front End Development
17 40 (9.05%) API Testing
18 38 (8.60%) SDET
Programming Languages
1 201 (45.48%) Java
2 173 (39.14%) Python
3 88 (19.91%) Shell Script
4 75 (16.97%) JavaScript
4 75 (16.97%) SQL
5 71 (16.06%) Java 8
5 71 (16.06%) Perl
6 69 (15.61%) JPQL
7 58 (13.12%) Ruby
8 52 (11.76%) Bash Shell
9 42 (9.50%) PHP
10 19 (4.30%) C
11 18 (4.07%) Go
12 16 (3.62%) PowerShell
13 15 (3.39%) Korn
14 13 (2.94%) Scala
15 10 (2.26%) Groovy
16 7 (1.58%) C#
17 5 (1.13%) C++
18 4 (0.90%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 72 (16.29%) Security Cleared
2 70 (15.84%) SC Cleared
3 40 (9.05%) Degree
4 6 (1.36%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (1.13%) CISSP
5 5 (1.13%) SSCP
6 4 (0.90%) AWS Certification
7 3 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.68%) DBS Check
7 3 (0.68%) ISEB
8 2 (0.45%) CCA
8 2 (0.45%) CCNP
8 2 (0.45%) Cisco Certification
8 2 (0.45%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 1 (0.23%) CCIE
9 1 (0.23%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.23%) PMI Certification
9 1 (0.23%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (5.66%) QA
2 4 (0.90%) PCI DSS
3 3 (0.68%) GDPR
4 2 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.45%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 99 (22.40%) Docker
2 29 (6.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 29 (6.56%) HDFS
3 20 (4.52%) Virtual Machines
4 19 (4.30%) Active Directory
5 10 (2.26%) NFS
6 9 (2.04%) Postfix
6 9 (2.04%) Samba
6 9 (2.04%) VMware Infrastructure
7 8 (1.81%) Squid
7 8 (1.81%) vCloud
8 7 (1.58%) VirtualBox
9 6 (1.36%) Hyper-V
10 5 (1.13%) etcd
10 5 (1.13%) flannel
11 3 (0.68%) KVM
11 3 (0.68%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 2 (0.45%) iptables
12 2 (0.45%) pfSense
13 1 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 82 (18.55%) Ansible
1 82 (18.55%) Puppet
2 75 (16.97%) Terraform
3 72 (16.29%) Kubernetes
4 47 (10.63%) Opscode Chef
5 34 (7.69%) Docker Swarm
6 28 (6.33%) Packer
7 27 (6.11%) Hadoop YARN
8 24 (5.43%) Salt
9 15 (3.39%) Oracle ZFS
9 15 (3.39%) Prometheus
9 15 (3.39%) Rancher
10 14 (3.17%) ZABBIX
11 13 (2.94%) Consul
11 13 (2.94%) Sysdig
12 10 (2.26%) Kibana
12 10 (2.26%) logstash
12 10 (2.26%) Nagios
12 10 (2.26%) Rsyslog
13 7 (1.58%) CFEngine
Vendors
1 42 (9.50%) Splunk
2 40 (9.05%) Red Hat
3 32 (7.24%) Oracle
4 23 (5.20%) VMware
5 21 (4.75%) Microsoft
6 12 (2.71%) Google
7 11 (2.49%) Cisco
8 10 (2.26%) AppDynamics
8 10 (2.26%) SOASTA, Inc
9 9 (2.04%) Atlassian
9 9 (2.04%) F5
10 8 (1.81%) Sonatype
11 7 (1.58%) Dell
11 7 (1.58%) Huawei
12 6 (1.36%) Brocade
12 6 (1.36%) EMC
12 6 (1.36%) Isilon
13 5 (1.13%) IBM
13 5 (1.13%) New Relic
13 5 (1.13%) SAP