Period
to 4 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for PSD2 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PSD2 over the 6 months to 4 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

EU Revised Directive on Payment Services (PSD2)
UK
6 months to
4 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 991 718 1010
Rank change year-on-year -273 +292 +61
Permanent jobs citing PSD2 72 14 70
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.056% 0.025% 0.052%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 0.36% 0.20% 0.38%
Number of salaries quoted 21 10 42
10th Percentile £47,500 £64,250 £47,500
25th Percentile £52,500 £65,313 £56,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £75,000 £71,250
Median % change year-on-year -3.33% +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £87,500 £80,000 £84,375
90th Percentile £97,500 £83,250 £96,125
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 - £61,250

PSD2 is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 19,990 6,982 18,325
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.63% 12.44% 13.49%
Number of salaries quoted 12,551 5,486 14,051
10th Percentile £31,000 £31,250 £28,500
25th Percentile £40,371 £41,250 £36,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £53,725 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.37% +7.45% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -3.06% +8.89% -

PSD2
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PSD2 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PSD2 in the UK

PSD2
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing PSD2.

Salary trend for PSD2 in the UK

PSD2
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing PSD2 over the 6 months to 4 December 2021.

Salary histogram for PSD2 in the UK

PSD2
Top 8 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PSD2 within the UK over the 6 months to 4 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -231 64 £72,500 -3.33% 5
London -196 60 £75,000 - 3
Work from Home -237 6 £72,500 -
UK excluding London - 4 £55,000 - 3
North of England - 2 £37,500 - 2
East Midlands - 2 £72,500 -
Midlands - 2 £72,500 -
North West - 2 £37,500 -

For the 6 months to 4 December 2021, IT jobs citing PSD2 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for PSD2.

1 57 (79.17%) Finance
2 53 (73.61%) Banking
3 51 (70.83%) Fintech
4 44 (61.11%) Design Thinking
4 44 (61.11%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 41 (56.94%) Linux
6 36 (50.00%) .NET
7 35 (48.61%) C#
8 32 (44.44%) Protocol Buffers
8 32 (44.44%) Observability
8 32 (44.44%) gRPC
8 32 (44.44%) Microservices
9 29 (40.28%) Rust
9 29 (40.28%) AWS
9 29 (40.28%) SQL
10 28 (38.89%) TDD
10 28 (38.89%) .NET Framework
10 28 (38.89%) Kubernetes
10 28 (38.89%) Prometheus
11 26 (36.11%) API Design
11 26 (36.11%) Unit Testing
11 26 (36.11%) Integration Testing
12 24 (33.33%) Test Automation
12 24 (33.33%) Java
13 22 (30.56%) OpenUP
13 22 (30.56%) Docker
14 20 (27.78%) PCI DSS
15 18 (25.00%) Software Engineering
15 18 (25.00%) Information Security
15 18 (25.00%) SOLID

PSD2
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (16.67%) Elasticsearch
2 2 (2.78%) SharePoint
3 1 (1.39%) WordPress
Business Applications
1 2 (2.78%) Sentinel
2 1 (1.39%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 29 (40.28%) AWS
2 2 (2.78%) AWS Lambda
2 2 (2.78%) Azure
2 2 (2.78%) Azure Active Directory
2 2 (2.78%) BrowserStack
2 2 (2.78%) Datadog
2 2 (2.78%) Microsoft 365
2 2 (2.78%) Route 53
2 2 (2.78%) SaaS
2 2 (2.78%) Serverless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (22.22%) NoSQL
2 14 (19.44%) PostgreSQL
2 14 (19.44%) Redis
3 3 (4.17%) RDBMS
3 3 (4.17%) Relational Database
4 2 (2.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 1 (1.39%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 10 (13.89%) Selenium
2 8 (11.11%) Cypress.io
3 2 (2.78%) Cucumber
3 2 (2.78%) Gatling
3 2 (2.78%) GitLab
3 2 (2.78%) JMeter
3 2 (2.78%) JUnit
3 2 (2.78%) Postman
4 1 (1.39%) Git (software)
General
1 57 (79.17%) Finance
2 53 (73.61%) Banking
3 44 (61.11%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 9 (12.50%) Financial Institution
5 3 (4.17%) Analytical Skills
6 2 (2.78%) French Language
6 2 (2.78%) German Language
6 2 (2.78%) Organisational Skills
7 1 (1.39%) Czech Language
7 1 (1.39%) Influencing Skills
7 1 (1.39%) Marketing
7 1 (1.39%) Social Skills
Job Titles
1 14 (19.44%) Software Engineer
2 10 (13.89%) Senior Software Engineer
3 9 (12.50%) Developer
4 7 (9.72%) Information Manager
4 7 (9.72%) Information Security Manager
4 7 (9.72%) Security Manager
5 6 (8.33%) Information Officer
5 6 (8.33%) Information Security Officer
5 6 (8.33%) Security Officer
6 4 (5.56%) Backend Developer
7 3 (4.17%) Analyst
8 2 (2.78%) Consultant
8 2 (2.78%) Full Stack Developer
8 2 (2.78%) Head of Information
8 2 (2.78%) Head of Information Security
8 2 (2.78%) Information Security Consultant
8 2 (2.78%) Java Developer
8 2 (2.78%) Project Manager
8 2 (2.78%) Security Consultant
8 2 (2.78%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (50.00%) .NET
2 32 (44.44%) gRPC
2 32 (44.44%) Protocol Buffers
3 28 (38.89%) .NET Framework
4 18 (25.00%) .NET Core
5 16 (22.22%) React
6 12 (16.67%) RabbitMQ
7 6 (8.33%) Playwright
7 6 (8.33%) Puppeteer
8 5 (6.94%) OpenTelemetry
9 4 (5.56%) Node.js
9 4 (5.56%) Redux
10 2 (2.78%) D3.js
10 2 (2.78%) Elastic Stack
10 2 (2.78%) Google Chart
10 2 (2.78%) GraphQL
10 2 (2.78%) Spring
10 2 (2.78%) Spring Boot
10 2 (2.78%) Spring MVC
10 2 (2.78%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 13 (18.06%) User Experience
2 12 (16.67%) Blog
3 4 (5.56%) Public Cloud
4 3 (4.17%) SWIFT
5 2 (2.78%) Data Centre
5 2 (2.78%) Greenfield Project
5 2 (2.78%) Legacy Applications
5 2 (2.78%) Management Information System
6 1 (1.39%) Credit Risk
6 1 (1.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 1 (1.39%) Market Risk
6 1 (1.39%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 41 (56.94%) Linux
2 2 (2.78%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 51 (70.83%) Fintech
2 44 (61.11%) Design Thinking
3 32 (44.44%) Microservices
3 32 (44.44%) Observability
4 28 (38.89%) TDD
5 26 (36.11%) API Design
5 26 (36.11%) Integration Testing
5 26 (36.11%) Unit Testing
6 24 (33.33%) Test Automation
7 22 (30.56%) OpenUP
8 18 (25.00%) Information Security
8 18 (25.00%) Software Engineering
8 18 (25.00%) SOLID
9 14 (19.44%) Infrastructure as Code
9 14 (19.44%) Open Source
10 12 (16.67%) Root Cause Analysis
11 10 (13.89%) Anti-Money Laundering
11 10 (13.89%) KYC
12 8 (11.11%) Web Development
13 7 (9.72%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 35 (48.61%) C#
2 29 (40.28%) Rust
2 29 (40.28%) SQL
3 24 (33.33%) Java
4 14 (19.44%) TypeScript
5 12 (16.67%) C
5 12 (16.67%) JavaScript
6 5 (6.94%) Bash Shell
6 5 (6.94%) Python
7 2 (2.78%) Go
7 2 (2.78%) Java 8
7 2 (2.78%) Scala
Qualifications
1 9 (12.50%) CISA
1 9 (12.50%) CISMP
1 9 (12.50%) CISSP
1 9 (12.50%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
2 5 (6.94%) CISM
3 4 (5.56%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
4 1 (1.39%) ISEB
4 1 (1.39%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (27.78%) PCI DSS
2 16 (22.22%) GDPR
3 14 (19.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 14 (19.44%) SLA
4 5 (6.94%) GRC
5 4 (5.56%) Accessibility
5 4 (5.56%) Cyber Essentials
6 2 (2.78%) SEPA
6 2 (2.78%) TARGET2
7 1 (1.39%) QA
System Software
1 22 (30.56%) Docker
Systems Management
1 28 (38.89%) Kubernetes
1 28 (38.89%) Prometheus
2 16 (22.22%) Grafana
2 16 (22.22%) Terraform
3 1 (1.39%) Control-M
Vendors
1 3 (4.17%) Microsoft
2 2 (2.78%) CyberSource
2 2 (2.78%) Google
2 2 (2.78%) PayPal
3 1 (1.39%) Informatica
3 1 (1.39%) Oracle