Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Validation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Validation over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Validation
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 171 266 259
Rank change year-on-year +95 -7 +46
Permanent jobs citing Validation 2,690 588 1,778
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.14% 1.21% 1.30%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.27% 1.30% 1.41%
Number of salaries quoted 963 438 1,282
10th Percentile £33,750 £35,525 £31,250
25th Percentile £43,313 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% - -
75th Percentile £75,000 £65,000 £71,438
90th Percentile £95,000 £78,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,900 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.95% +5.56% -

Validation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 118,311 45,094 126,251
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.22% 93.12% 92.62%
Number of salaries quoted 78,392 37,630 100,617
10th Percentile £32,750 £33,000 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,750 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -

Validation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Validation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Validation in the UK

Validation
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Validation.

Salary trend for Validation in the UK

Validation
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Validation over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Validation in the UK

Validation
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Validation within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +76 2,147 £60,000 +20.00% 398
UK excluding London +72 1,449 £48,900 +2.95% 340
London +37 777 £70,000 +7.69% 90
Work from Home +14 489 £60,000 +20.00% 45
South East +79 487 £51,325 +6.93% 78
East of England +36 267 £60,000 +26.32% 62
South West +61 222 £85,000 +100.00% 50
North of England -71 185 £47,500 - 59
Midlands -8 181 £40,000 -15.79% 55
West Midlands -26 132 £37,500 -25.00% 38
Yorkshire -53 105 £47,500 -9.52% 23
North West -84 74 £47,500 +11.76% 26
East Midlands -44 49 £44,750 +14.74% 17
Scotland -58 49 £50,000 -4.76% 17
Wales -7 47 £45,000 +12.50% 13
Northern Ireland -23 21 £42,500 - 6
North East -40 6 £30,098 -49.84% 10
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT jobs citing Validation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Validation.

1 1,214 (45.13%) Degree
2 936 (34.80%) Social Skills
3 843 (31.34%) Agile Software Development
4 695 (25.84%) Finance
5 605 (22.49%) Software Engineering
6 593 (22.04%) Computer Science
7 548 (20.37%) Python
8 507 (18.85%) Problem-Solving
9 434 (16.13%) Analytical Skills
10 431 (16.02%) Project Management
11 408 (15.17%) SQL
12 404 (15.02%) Java
13 393 (14.61%) AWS
14 375 (13.94%) Pharmaceutical
15 372 (13.83%) DevOps
16 349 (12.97%) Linux
17 348 (12.94%) Azure
18 331 (12.30%) Data Management
19 325 (12.08%) Microservices
20 310 (11.52%) Mentoring
21 309 (11.49%) Analytics
22 308 (11.45%) Jenkins
23 307 (11.41%) Life Science
24 306 (11.38%) Node.js
25 283 (10.52%) Microsoft
26 270 (10.04%) SAS
26 270 (10.04%) Banking
26 270 (10.04%) User Experience
27 267 (9.93%) C#
28 266 (9.89%) React

Validation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 270 (10.04%) SAS
2 216 (8.03%) Apache Spark
3 181 (6.73%) Apache
3 181 (6.73%) GemFire
4 85 (3.16%) SharePoint
5 63 (2.34%) Documentum
6 52 (1.93%) Confluence
7 40 (1.49%) Oracle Workflow
8 21 (0.78%) CMS
9 16 (0.59%) Elasticsearch
9 16 (0.59%) OpenStack
10 9 (0.33%) MTS
11 8 (0.30%) Skype for Business
12 7 (0.26%) Apache Airflow
12 7 (0.26%) Cloud Foundry
13 6 (0.22%) IIS
13 6 (0.22%) Jupyter
13 6 (0.22%) NServiceBus
14 5 (0.19%) Apache Solr
14 5 (0.19%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 153 (5.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 140 (5.20%) Microsoft Office
3 89 (3.31%) Simulink
4 75 (2.79%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 54 (2.01%) Sketch
6 42 (1.56%) Figma
7 39 (1.45%) Stateflow
8 34 (1.26%) Spreadsheet
9 30 (1.12%) Microsoft Project
10 24 (0.89%) MS Visio
11 15 (0.56%) InVision
12 13 (0.48%) UserZoom
13 12 (0.45%) Zeplin
14 9 (0.33%) Oracle Smart View
14 9 (0.33%) Windchill
15 6 (0.22%) Siemens NX
15 6 (0.22%) Solid Edge
16 3 (0.11%) Photoshop
16 3 (0.11%) SPSS
16 3 (0.11%) Stata
Business Applications
1 48 (1.78%) TrackWise
2 26 (0.97%) Distributed Ledger
3 21 (0.78%) Oracle ERP
4 20 (0.74%) R3 Corda
5 17 (0.63%) Oracle Applications
6 12 (0.45%) Oracle EBS
6 12 (0.45%) SAP ERP
7 11 (0.41%) Oracle Clinical
8 9 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
8 9 (0.33%) Oracle Cash Management
8 9 (0.33%) Oracle General Ledger
8 9 (0.33%) Oracle Payables
8 9 (0.33%) Oracle Receivables
8 9 (0.33%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
9 6 (0.22%) NetSuite
9 6 (0.22%) Teamcenter
10 4 (0.15%) Sentinel
10 4 (0.15%) Summit
11 3 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
11 3 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 393 (14.61%) AWS
2 348 (12.94%) Azure
3 261 (9.70%) GCP
4 220 (8.18%) GitHub
5 151 (5.61%) Amazon Kinesis
6 133 (4.94%) Serverless
7 127 (4.72%) SaaS
8 104 (3.87%) Veeva
9 66 (2.45%) Power Platform
10 56 (2.08%) AWS Lambda
11 51 (1.90%) Cloud Computing
12 49 (1.82%) OpenShift
13 36 (1.34%) AWS CloudFormation
14 35 (1.30%) Amazon ECS
15 32 (1.19%) PaaS
16 31 (1.15%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 31 (1.15%) Amazon S3
17 28 (1.04%) Microsoft 365
18 25 (0.93%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
19 24 (0.89%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 74 (2.75%) Broadband
2 69 (2.57%) TCP/IP
3 58 (2.16%) Ethernet
4 55 (2.04%) Wireless
5 47 (1.75%) HTTP
6 43 (1.60%) Wi-Fi
7 33 (1.23%) Internet
8 32 (1.19%) MQTT
9 30 (1.12%) LAN
10 28 (1.04%) HTTPS
11 27 (1.00%) 802.11
11 27 (1.00%) STUN
11 27 (1.00%) Wireshark
12 26 (0.97%) Firewall
13 24 (0.89%) WAN
14 20 (0.74%) DNS
15 16 (0.59%) Software-Defined Radio
15 16 (0.59%) WebEx
16 15 (0.56%) VPN
17 13 (0.48%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 260 (9.67%) Relational Database
2 244 (9.07%) PostgreSQL
3 235 (8.74%) NoSQL
4 194 (7.21%) Big Data
5 181 (6.73%) HBase
6 176 (6.54%) MariaDB
7 175 (6.51%) Redis
8 139 (5.17%) SQL Server
9 73 (2.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 69 (2.57%) Data Warehouse
11 58 (2.16%) Power BI
12 52 (1.93%) Tableau
13 50 (1.86%) MongoDB
14 43 (1.60%) Oracle Reports
15 42 (1.56%) MySQL
16 36 (1.34%) Hadoop
17 35 (1.30%) Looker
17 35 (1.30%) Metadata
18 34 (1.26%) Data Lake
19 31 (1.15%) Qlik Sense
Development Applications
1 308 (11.45%) Jenkins
2 258 (9.59%) Git (software)
3 233 (8.66%) Eclipse
4 201 (7.47%) Cucumber
5 190 (7.06%) JUnit
6 188 (6.99%) IntelliJ
7 187 (6.95%) Gradle
8 183 (6.80%) Cypress.io
9 182 (6.77%) Mockito
9 182 (6.77%) Sonatype Nexus
10 181 (6.73%) Protractor
10 181 (6.73%) Storybook
11 130 (4.83%) JIRA
12 127 (4.72%) SonarQube
13 125 (4.65%) Artifactory
14 93 (3.46%) Rational DOORS
15 68 (2.53%) GitLab
16 60 (2.23%) Team Foundation Server
17 56 (2.08%) TeamCity
18 45 (1.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 936 (34.80%) Social Skills
2 695 (25.84%) Finance
3 434 (16.13%) Analytical Skills
4 375 (13.94%) Pharmaceutical
5 270 (10.04%) Banking
6 240 (8.92%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 221 (8.22%) Law
8 160 (5.95%) Influencing Skills
8 160 (5.95%) Presentation Skills
9 142 (5.28%) Manufacturing
10 140 (5.20%) Electronics
11 111 (4.13%) Retail
12 104 (3.87%) Telecoms
13 97 (3.61%) Marketing
14 90 (3.35%) Games
15 58 (2.16%) Automotive
16 53 (1.97%) Publishing
17 52 (1.93%) Organisational Skills
18 49 (1.82%) French Language
19 45 (1.67%) Avionics
Job Titles
1 357 (13.27%) Software Engineer
2 290 (10.78%) Analyst
3 253 (9.41%) Programmer
4 210 (7.81%) Developer
5 201 (7.47%) Systems Engineer
6 145 (5.39%) Architect
7 117 (4.35%) Statistical Programmer
8 116 (4.31%) Senior Programmer
9 105 (3.90%) Consultant
10 104 (3.87%) Data Manager
11 93 (3.46%) Principal Engineer
12 90 (3.35%) Principal Software Engineer
13 84 (3.12%) Business Analyst
14 78 (2.90%) Project Manager
15 71 (2.64%) Data Analyst
16 70 (2.60%) Software Developer
17 68 (2.53%) Lead Software Engineer
18 65 (2.42%) Designer
19 60 (2.23%) Embedded Engineer
20 54 (2.01%) Senior Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 306 (11.38%) Node.js
2 266 (9.89%) React
3 235 (8.74%) AngularJS
4 232 (8.62%) CSS
5 224 (8.33%) RESTful
6 214 (7.96%) JSON
7 211 (7.84%) Kafka
8 198 (7.36%) Spring
9 187 (6.95%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 184 (6.84%) Play Framework
11 183 (6.80%) Spark Streaming
12 182 (6.77%) Express
12 182 (6.77%) Redux
13 181 (6.73%) Tailwind CSS
14 176 (6.54%) WireMock
15 140 (5.20%) RabbitMQ
16 137 (5.09%) LAPP Stack
17 129 (4.80%) LAMP
18 123 (4.57%) Web Services
19 93 (3.46%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 307 (11.41%) Life Science
2 270 (10.04%) User Experience
3 242 (9.00%) Management Information System
4 203 (7.55%) Algorithms
5 196 (7.29%) Self-Motivation
6 189 (7.03%) Linux Command Line
7 66 (2.45%) Biotechnology
8 51 (1.90%) Virtual Team
9 50 (1.86%) Robotics
10 48 (1.78%) Data Structures
11 44 (1.64%) Embedded Systems
11 44 (1.64%) Public Cloud
12 43 (1.60%) Data Centre
13 40 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
14 36 (1.34%) Social Media
15 34 (1.26%) Mobile App
16 32 (1.19%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
17 30 (1.12%) PKI
18 26 (0.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 26 (0.97%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 349 (12.97%) Linux
2 203 (7.55%) Unix
3 109 (4.05%) Windows
4 34 (1.26%) Mesosphere
5 33 (1.23%) Embedded Linux
6 22 (0.82%) VMS
6 22 (0.82%) Windows Server
7 14 (0.52%) Windows 10
8 11 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
9 10 (0.37%) Windows Server 2019
10 9 (0.33%) Windows Server 2016
11 8 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 8 (0.30%) Windows 7
12 7 (0.26%) Android
13 6 (0.22%) Apple iOS
13 6 (0.22%) VxWorks
14 4 (0.15%) FreeRTOS
15 3 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
16 2 (0.074%) CentOS
16 2 (0.074%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 843 (31.34%) Agile Software Development
2 605 (22.49%) Software Engineering
3 593 (22.04%) Computer Science
4 507 (18.85%) Problem-Solving
5 431 (16.02%) Project Management
6 372 (13.83%) DevOps
7 331 (12.30%) Data Management
8 325 (12.08%) Microservices
9 310 (11.52%) Mentoring
10 309 (11.49%) Analytics
11 258 (9.59%) Scrum
12 233 (8.66%) Migration
13 228 (8.48%) Software Testing
14 216 (8.03%) Test Automation
15 215 (7.99%) Mathematics
16 214 (7.96%) Continuous Improvement
17 207 (7.70%) TDD
18 206 (7.66%) Data Validation
19 205 (7.62%) Stakeholder Management
20 193 (7.17%) OO
Programming Languages
1 548 (20.37%) Python
2 408 (15.17%) SQL
3 404 (15.02%) Java
4 267 (9.93%) C#
5 228 (8.48%) C++
6 195 (7.25%) Shell Script
7 193 (7.17%) C
8 189 (7.03%) Groovy
9 139 (5.17%) R
10 107 (3.98%) JavaScript
11 105 (3.90%) MATLAB
12 51 (1.90%) PL/SQL
13 46 (1.71%) VB
14 44 (1.64%) Go
15 31 (1.15%) Embedded C
15 31 (1.15%) T-SQL
16 29 (1.08%) PHP
17 28 (1.04%) SOQL
18 27 (1.00%) Embedded C++
19 26 (0.97%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 1,214 (45.13%) Degree
2 183 (6.80%) Oracle Certification
3 174 (6.47%) OCP
4 123 (4.57%) Security Cleared
5 121 (4.50%) Computer Science Degree
6 92 (3.42%) Master's Degree
7 73 (2.71%) PhD
8 55 (2.04%) PMI Certification
9 52 (1.93%) SC Cleared
10 37 (1.38%) PMP
11 31 (1.15%) Microsoft Certification
12 29 (1.08%) HNC
13 25 (0.93%) ISTQB
14 23 (0.86%) Cisco Certification
15 19 (0.71%) CCNP
15 19 (0.71%) HND
15 19 (0.71%) Numerate Degree
16 16 (0.59%) CISSP
17 15 (0.56%) BPSS Clearance
18 14 (0.52%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 222 (8.25%) QA
2 120 (4.46%) CDISC
3 115 (4.28%) Data Quality
4 105 (3.90%) Good Clinical Practice
5 78 (2.90%) GDPR
6 43 (1.60%) GxP
7 42 (1.56%) MISRA
8 37 (1.38%) ECSS
8 37 (1.38%) MISRA C
9 36 (1.34%) GMP
10 30 (1.12%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 27 (1.00%) PMO
12 25 (0.93%) GLP
13 24 (0.89%) ISO 13485
14 18 (0.67%) SLA
15 16 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
16 13 (0.48%) HIPAA
17 12 (0.45%) GAMP
17 12 (0.45%) ISO 26262
18 11 (0.41%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 182 (6.77%) Docker
2 181 (6.73%) HDFS
3 155 (5.76%) VMware Infrastructure
4 122 (4.54%) Firmware
5 62 (2.30%) Active Directory
6 21 (0.78%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 6 (0.22%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.22%) KVM
9 4 (0.15%) Slurm Workload Manager
10 3 (0.11%) XenApp
11 2 (0.074%) Microsoft App-V
11 2 (0.074%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.074%) vSphere
12 1 (0.037%) IAG
12 1 (0.037%) NFS
12 1 (0.037%) Virtual Desktop
12 1 (0.037%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 254 (9.44%) Ansible
2 162 (6.02%) Kubernetes
3 83 (3.09%) Opscode Chef
4 71 (2.64%) Terraform
5 52 (1.93%) Kibana
6 35 (1.30%) Puppet
7 34 (1.26%) Automic
8 31 (1.15%) Prometheus
9 27 (1.00%) Graylog
10 25 (0.93%) Consul
11 21 (0.78%) PTC Integrity
12 19 (0.71%) HP Quality Center
13 17 (0.63%) FortiGate
13 17 (0.63%) HP ALM
13 17 (0.63%) SCCM
14 16 (0.59%) logstash
15 14 (0.52%) Single Sign-On
16 11 (0.41%) Packer
17 6 (0.22%) Grafana
18 4 (0.15%) Nessus
Vendors
1 283 (10.52%) Microsoft
2 232 (8.62%) VMware
3 200 (7.43%) Oracle
4 181 (6.73%) Okta
5 140 (5.20%) SAP
6 114 (4.24%) Salesforce.com
7 113 (4.20%) EMC
8 64 (2.38%) Google
9 55 (2.04%) Cisco
9 55 (2.04%) OpenText
10 44 (1.64%) Facebook
11 30 (1.12%) PTC
12 27 (1.00%) Splunk
13 26 (0.97%) Algorithmics
13 26 (0.97%) Gemalto
13 26 (0.97%) IBM
14 23 (0.86%) HP
15 21 (0.78%) OpenAI
16 20 (0.74%) SolarWinds
17 19 (0.71%) Citrix