Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Validation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Validation over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Validation
UK
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 178 279 268
Rank change year-on-year +101 -11 +34
Permanent jobs citing Validation 2,243 804 1,826
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.99% 1.14% 1.27%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.13% 1.23% 1.37%
Number of salaries quoted 858 619 1,328
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,125 £38,750 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,000 £46,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +8.70% -3.16%
75th Percentile £72,500 £62,625 £62,500
90th Percentile £89,339 £80,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,900 £47,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +4.04% +4.44% -

Validation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 105,085 65,366 133,350
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.45% 92.39% 92.45%
Number of salaries quoted 71,668 52,888 106,318
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Validation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Validation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Validation in the UK

Validation
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Validation.

Salary trend for Validation in the UK

Validation
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Validation over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Validation in the UK

Validation
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Validation within the UK over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +89 1,840 £55,000 +10.00% 400
UK excluding London +63 1,278 £48,900 +4.04% 317
London +68 631 £65,000 +8.33% 107
South East +51 414 £50,000 - 73
Work from Home -9 351 £55,000 +30.21% 37
East of England +68 233 £60,000 +33.33% 55
South West +73 208 £82,500 +94.12% 53
Midlands -11 162 £42,500 -10.53% 44
North of England -26 158 £47,500 +11.76% 60
West Midlands -13 97 £37,500 -25.00% 30
Yorkshire +2 96 £51,500 +17.71% 17
East Midlands -22 65 £50,000 +21.21% 14
Scotland -30 61 £46,280 -11.85% 14
North West -52 54 £47,500 +11.76% 26
Wales +10 41 £48,900 +22.25% 17
North East -23 8 £35,000 +7.69% 17
Northern Ireland -31 5 £22,500 -30.77% 1

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT jobs citing Validation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Validation.

1 971 (43.29%) Degree
2 700 (31.21%) Social Skills
3 681 (30.36%) Agile Software Development
4 587 (26.17%) Finance
5 534 (23.81%) Software Engineering
6 527 (23.50%) Computer Science
7 497 (22.16%) Python
8 373 (16.63%) Problem-Solving
9 361 (16.09%) Analytical Skills
10 350 (15.60%) Java
11 340 (15.16%) Linux
12 332 (14.80%) SQL
13 327 (14.58%) Project Management
14 319 (14.22%) AWS
15 318 (14.18%) DevOps
16 298 (13.29%) Data Management
17 272 (12.13%) Azure
18 268 (11.95%) Microsoft
19 263 (11.73%) Pharmaceutical
19 263 (11.73%) Microservices
20 252 (11.23%) Analytics
20 252 (11.23%) Node.js
21 251 (11.19%) Jenkins
22 238 (10.61%) Mentoring
23 236 (10.52%) Banking
24 235 (10.48%) React
25 234 (10.43%) Git (software)
26 231 (10.30%) Relational Database
27 226 (10.08%) QA
28 224 (9.99%) Data Validation

Validation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 204 (9.09%) Apache Spark
2 192 (8.56%) SAS
3 168 (7.49%) Apache
4 166 (7.40%) GemFire
5 47 (2.10%) SharePoint
6 44 (1.96%) Confluence
7 35 (1.56%) Oracle Workflow
8 25 (1.11%) Documentum
9 16 (0.71%) CMS
10 15 (0.67%) OpenStack
11 12 (0.53%) Elasticsearch
12 10 (0.45%) Skype for Business
13 9 (0.40%) IIS
13 9 (0.40%) NServiceBus
14 8 (0.36%) Jupyter
14 8 (0.36%) MTS
15 5 (0.22%) Cloud Foundry
16 4 (0.18%) BizTalk Server
16 4 (0.18%) Smallworld
17 2 (0.089%) LiveCycle
Applications
1 134 (5.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 112 (4.99%) Microsoft Office
3 68 (3.03%) Simulink
4 46 (2.05%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 45 (2.01%) Stateflow
6 37 (1.65%) Sketch
7 35 (1.56%) Spreadsheet
8 24 (1.07%) MS Visio
9 22 (0.98%) Microsoft Project
10 19 (0.85%) Figma
11 18 (0.80%) InVision
12 15 (0.67%) Oracle Smart View
13 12 (0.53%) Zeplin
14 11 (0.49%) UserZoom
15 8 (0.36%) AutoCAD
16 6 (0.27%) Siemens NX
16 6 (0.27%) Solid Edge
16 6 (0.27%) SPSS
17 4 (0.18%) Windchill
18 2 (0.089%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 22 (0.98%) Distributed Ledger
2 18 (0.80%) Oracle ERP
2 18 (0.80%) R3 Corda
3 17 (0.76%) TrackWise
4 16 (0.71%) Oracle Applications
5 15 (0.67%) Oracle Cash Management
5 15 (0.67%) Oracle General Ledger
5 15 (0.67%) Oracle Payables
5 15 (0.67%) Oracle Receivables
5 15 (0.67%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 13 (0.58%) SAP ERP
7 9 (0.40%) Oracle Clinical
8 6 (0.27%) Teamcenter
9 5 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
9 5 (0.22%) NetSuite
10 4 (0.18%) FINCAD Analytics
10 4 (0.18%) Infor M3
10 4 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
10 4 (0.18%) Summit
11 3 (0.13%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 319 (14.22%) AWS
2 272 (12.13%) Azure
3 195 (8.69%) GCP
4 187 (8.34%) GitHub
5 124 (5.53%) Amazon Kinesis
6 107 (4.77%) Serverless
7 87 (3.88%) Power Platform
8 66 (2.94%) SaaS
9 44 (1.96%) Veeva
10 43 (1.92%) OpenShift
11 39 (1.74%) Cloud Computing
12 36 (1.60%) AWS Lambda
13 28 (1.25%) AWS CloudFormation
13 28 (1.25%) Stackdriver
14 27 (1.20%) Firebase
14 27 (1.20%) Microsoft 365
15 21 (0.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 21 (0.94%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
16 20 (0.89%) Amazon ECS
17 19 (0.85%) Adobe Creative Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 83 (3.70%) Broadband
2 78 (3.48%) TCP/IP
3 70 (3.12%) Ethernet
4 68 (3.03%) Wireless
5 65 (2.90%) HTTP
6 58 (2.59%) Wi-Fi
7 39 (1.74%) Internet
8 36 (1.60%) MQTT
8 36 (1.60%) Wireshark
9 35 (1.56%) 802.11
9 35 (1.56%) HTTPS
9 35 (1.56%) STUN
10 26 (1.16%) 3G
10 26 (1.16%) 4G
10 26 (1.16%) DNS
10 26 (1.16%) Software-Defined Radio
11 25 (1.11%) 2G
11 25 (1.11%) LAN
12 23 (1.03%) Firewall
13 18 (0.80%) RNC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 231 (10.30%) Relational Database
2 220 (9.81%) NoSQL
3 218 (9.72%) PostgreSQL
4 166 (7.40%) HBase
5 164 (7.31%) MariaDB
6 163 (7.27%) Big Data
7 161 (7.18%) Redis
8 121 (5.39%) SQL Server
9 77 (3.43%) Power BI
10 51 (2.27%) Data Warehouse
11 49 (2.18%) Oracle Reports
12 48 (2.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 45 (2.01%) MySQL
14 44 (1.96%) Tableau
15 38 (1.69%) MongoDB
16 36 (1.60%) Metadata
17 33 (1.47%) Data Lake
18 32 (1.43%) Hadoop
19 29 (1.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 26 (1.16%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 251 (11.19%) Jenkins
2 234 (10.43%) Git (software)
3 218 (9.72%) Eclipse
4 187 (8.34%) Cucumber
5 178 (7.94%) JUnit
6 173 (7.71%) Gradle
6 173 (7.71%) IntelliJ
7 171 (7.62%) Cypress.io
8 167 (7.45%) Mockito
8 167 (7.45%) Sonatype Nexus
9 166 (7.40%) Protractor
9 166 (7.40%) Storybook
10 110 (4.90%) JIRA
11 107 (4.77%) Artifactory
12 99 (4.41%) SonarQube
13 83 (3.70%) Rational DOORS
14 60 (2.67%) GitLab
15 44 (1.96%) GCC
15 44 (1.96%) Team Foundation Server
16 42 (1.87%) TeamCity
General
1 700 (31.21%) Social Skills
2 587 (26.17%) Finance
3 361 (16.09%) Analytical Skills
4 263 (11.73%) Pharmaceutical
5 236 (10.52%) Banking
6 207 (9.23%) Law
7 203 (9.05%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 160 (7.13%) Influencing Skills
9 130 (5.80%) Presentation Skills
10 126 (5.62%) Telecoms
11 122 (5.44%) Electronics
12 89 (3.97%) Retail
13 85 (3.79%) Manufacturing
14 80 (3.57%) Games
15 74 (3.30%) Marketing
16 66 (2.94%) Organisational Skills
17 52 (2.32%) Aerospace
18 42 (1.87%) Military
19 41 (1.83%) Legal
20 37 (1.65%) French Language
Job Titles
1 319 (14.22%) Software Engineer
2 247 (11.01%) Analyst
3 197 (8.78%) Developer
4 189 (8.43%) Systems Engineer
5 182 (8.11%) Programmer
6 109 (4.86%) Principal Engineer
7 102 (4.55%) Architect
7 102 (4.55%) Data Manager
8 90 (4.01%) Principal Software Engineer
9 82 (3.66%) Senior Programmer
10 80 (3.57%) Statistical Programmer
11 73 (3.25%) Business Analyst
12 66 (2.94%) Data Analyst
13 65 (2.90%) Consultant
14 61 (2.72%) Software Developer
15 58 (2.59%) Lead Software Engineer
16 57 (2.54%) Designer
17 53 (2.36%) Embedded Engineer
18 51 (2.27%) Project Manager
19 48 (2.14%) Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 252 (11.23%) Node.js
2 235 (10.48%) React
3 222 (9.90%) CSS
4 219 (9.76%) RESTful
5 204 (9.09%) JSON
6 200 (8.92%) AngularJS
7 198 (8.83%) Kafka
8 186 (8.29%) Spring
9 169 (7.53%) Express
10 167 (7.45%) Redux
11 166 (7.40%) Spark Streaming
11 166 (7.40%) Tailwind CSS
11 166 (7.40%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 161 (7.18%) WireMock
13 156 (6.95%) Play Framework
14 123 (5.48%) LAPP Stack
15 122 (5.44%) RabbitMQ
16 113 (5.04%) LAMP
17 101 (4.50%) Web Services
18 97 (4.32%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 219 (9.76%) User Experience
2 199 (8.87%) Self-Motivation
3 193 (8.60%) Life Science
4 173 (7.71%) Linux Command Line
5 160 (7.13%) Algorithms
6 158 (7.04%) Management Information System
7 42 (1.87%) Robotics
8 40 (1.78%) Mobile App
9 39 (1.74%) Data Structures
10 35 (1.56%) Derivative
10 35 (1.56%) Embedded Systems
11 34 (1.52%) Data Centre
11 34 (1.52%) PKI
12 33 (1.47%) Biotechnology
13 32 (1.43%) Enterprise Software
14 28 (1.25%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
15 26 (1.16%) Virtual Team
16 23 (1.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 22 (0.98%) Social Media
18 19 (0.85%) Mobile Games
Operating Systems
1 340 (15.16%) Linux
2 187 (8.34%) Unix
3 94 (4.19%) Windows
4 38 (1.69%) Embedded Linux
5 25 (1.11%) Windows Server
6 20 (0.89%) Windows 10
7 19 (0.85%) Mesosphere
8 10 (0.45%) Android
8 10 (0.45%) Apple iOS
9 9 (0.40%) Windows 7
10 7 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
11 6 (0.27%) VMS
12 5 (0.22%) Windows Server 2016
13 3 (0.13%) Mac OS
13 3 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 3 (0.13%) Windows Server 2019
13 3 (0.13%) Windows XP
14 2 (0.089%) VxWorks
15 1 (0.045%) CentOS
15 1 (0.045%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 681 (30.36%) Agile Software Development
2 534 (23.81%) Software Engineering
3 527 (23.50%) Computer Science
4 373 (16.63%) Problem-Solving
5 327 (14.58%) Project Management
6 318 (14.18%) DevOps
7 298 (13.29%) Data Management
8 263 (11.73%) Microservices
9 252 (11.23%) Analytics
10 238 (10.61%) Mentoring
11 224 (9.99%) Data Validation
12 221 (9.85%) Software Testing
13 216 (9.63%) Scrum
14 214 (9.54%) Test Automation
15 198 (8.83%) Mathematics
16 180 (8.02%) Project Delivery
17 175 (7.80%) TDD
18 170 (7.58%) Digital Banking
19 168 (7.49%) Cross-Browser Testing
20 166 (7.40%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 497 (22.16%) Python
2 350 (15.60%) Java
3 332 (14.80%) SQL
4 211 (9.41%) C++
5 207 (9.23%) C#
6 179 (7.98%) Shell Script
7 170 (7.58%) Groovy
8 169 (7.53%) C
9 116 (5.17%) R
10 93 (4.15%) JavaScript
11 73 (3.25%) MATLAB
12 45 (2.01%) PL/SQL
13 38 (1.69%) VB
14 33 (1.47%) Embedded C
15 29 (1.29%) Embedded C++
16 28 (1.25%) Go
17 25 (1.11%) TypeScript
18 22 (0.98%) T-SQL
19 20 (0.89%) Bash Shell
19 20 (0.89%) PHP
Qualifications
1 971 (43.29%) Degree
2 176 (7.85%) Oracle Certification
3 161 (7.18%) OCP
4 135 (6.02%) Security Cleared
5 92 (4.10%) Computer Science Degree
6 84 (3.74%) PhD
7 77 (3.43%) Master's Degree
8 55 (2.45%) SC Cleared
9 40 (1.78%) PMI Certification
10 32 (1.43%) Microsoft Certification
11 26 (1.16%) Cisco Certification
12 23 (1.03%) CCNP
13 22 (0.98%) PMP
14 21 (0.94%) BPSS Clearance
15 20 (0.89%) DV Cleared
16 19 (0.85%) HND
17 18 (0.80%) CISSP
17 18 (0.80%) MBCS
18 17 (0.76%) HNC
19 14 (0.62%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 226 (10.08%) QA
2 91 (4.06%) Data Quality
3 84 (3.74%) CDISC
4 79 (3.52%) Good Clinical Practice
5 56 (2.50%) GDPR
6 40 (1.78%) MISRA
7 37 (1.65%) ECSS
7 37 (1.65%) MISRA C
7 37 (1.65%) PMO
8 23 (1.03%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 22 (0.98%) GMP
10 21 (0.94%) GxP
11 20 (0.89%) SLA
12 19 (0.85%) GLP
12 19 (0.85%) ISO 13485
13 15 (0.67%) 21 CFR Part 11
14 14 (0.62%) NIST
15 12 (0.53%) IEC 62304
16 8 (0.36%) EMIR
16 8 (0.36%) MiFID
System Software
1 166 (7.40%) HDFS
2 152 (6.78%) Docker
3 133 (5.93%) VMware Infrastructure
4 103 (4.59%) Firmware
5 57 (2.54%) Active Directory
6 14 (0.62%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.31%) KVM
8 5 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 4 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
10 3 (0.13%) Microsoft App-V
11 2 (0.089%) Hyper-V
11 2 (0.089%) vSphere
12 1 (0.045%) NFS
12 1 (0.045%) Slurm Workload Manager
12 1 (0.045%) Virtual Desktop
12 1 (0.045%) VMware ESXi
12 1 (0.045%) VMware NSX
12 1 (0.045%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 210 (9.36%) Ansible
2 117 (5.22%) Kubernetes
3 61 (2.72%) Opscode Chef
4 58 (2.59%) Terraform
5 49 (2.18%) Kibana
6 35 (1.56%) Graylog
7 22 (0.98%) Puppet
8 21 (0.94%) Prometheus
9 19 (0.85%) Automic
9 19 (0.85%) SCCM
10 15 (0.67%) PTC Integrity
11 14 (0.62%) Consul
12 12 (0.53%) FortiGate
13 11 (0.49%) Grafana
14 10 (0.45%) Nessus
15 9 (0.40%) logstash
16 8 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
16 8 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
17 7 (0.31%) HP ALM
17 7 (0.31%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 268 (11.95%) Microsoft
2 200 (8.92%) VMware
3 173 (7.71%) Oracle
4 167 (7.45%) Okta
5 114 (5.08%) EMC
6 103 (4.59%) SAP
7 73 (3.25%) Instagram
8 57 (2.54%) Salesforce.com
9 54 (2.41%) Cisco
10 50 (2.23%) Google
11 32 (1.43%) Facebook
12 31 (1.38%) Remedy
13 26 (1.16%) Gemalto
14 25 (1.11%) Adobe
15 23 (1.03%) IBM
16 22 (0.98%) OpenAI
17 21 (0.94%) OpenText
18 19 (0.85%) PTC
18 19 (0.85%) SolarWinds
19 18 (0.80%) Ericsson