Period
to 16 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Validation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Validation over the 6 months to 16 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Validation
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 233 266 300
Rank change year-on-year +33 +34 +16
Permanent jobs citing Validation 846 1,565 1,694
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.36% 1.24% 1.12%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.47% 1.35% 1.22%
Number of salaries quoted 586 1,150 1,152
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £53,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +3.77% +0.95%
10th Percentile £36,000 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £85,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +4.40%

Validation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 57,452 116,202 139,358
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.29% 92.13% 92.24%
Number of salaries quoted 46,434 93,044 111,336
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,850
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% +1.11% -

Validation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Validation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Validation in the UK

Validation
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Validation.

Salary trend for Validation in the UK

Validation
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Validation over the 6 months to 16 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Validation in the UK

Validation
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Validation within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +26 753 £53,750 -2.27% 296
UK excluding London +43 515 £50,000 +5.26% 274
London +1 250 £65,000 +4.00% 53
North of England +141 164 £52,500 +16.67% 56
South East +4 132 £46,000 -8.00% 70
Work from Home -44 129 £51,750 +21.76% 25
Yorkshire +80 79 £52,500 +12.90% 18
East of England +63 77 £47,500 -6.40% 38
Midlands -2 63 £50,000 +17.65% 35
North West +73 55 £60,000 +50.00% 25
South West +57 48 £47,500 -13.64% 37
West Midlands -21 32 £50,000 +17.65% 19
East Midlands +60 31 £50,000 -27.27% 16
North East +48 30 £53,750 -16.05% 13
Scotland +39 25 £51,500 +4.05% 26
Wales +10 5 £48,900 +17.83% 12
Northern Ireland +15 1 - -

For the 6 months to 16 January 2021, IT jobs citing Validation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Validation.

1 232 (27.42%) Degree
2 217 (25.65%) Python
3 191 (22.58%) Agile Software Development
4 179 (21.16%) SQL
5 148 (17.49%) Finance
6 141 (16.67%) Analytical Skills
7 127 (15.01%) Test Automation
8 119 (14.07%) Microsoft
9 112 (13.24%) C
10 108 (12.77%) Business Intelligence
10 108 (12.77%) Data Validation
11 99 (11.70%) Computer Science
12 98 (11.58%) Analytics
13 97 (11.47%) Problem-Solving
14 86 (10.17%) QA
15 80 (9.46%) Azure
16 77 (9.10%) Mathematics
17 75 (8.87%) C++
18 74 (8.75%) Electronics
19 73 (8.63%) Project Management
20 71 (8.39%) JavaScript
20 71 (8.39%) Data Analysis
21 70 (8.27%) Software Engineering
21 70 (8.27%) Java
22 69 (8.16%) Machine Learning
23 66 (7.80%) Linux
24 64 (7.57%) Selenium
24 64 (7.57%) Visualisation
25 63 (7.45%) Pharmaceutical
25 63 (7.45%) Power Platform

Validation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (4.73%) SAS
2 11 (1.30%) Apache Spark
2 11 (1.30%) OpenStack
3 7 (0.83%) ArcGIS
4 5 (0.59%) Elasticsearch
4 5 (0.59%) Oracle Workflow
5 4 (0.47%) Confluence
5 4 (0.47%) SharePoint
6 3 (0.35%) BizTalk Server
6 3 (0.35%) Jupyter
7 2 (0.24%) Apache
7 2 (0.24%) CMS
7 2 (0.24%) IIS
7 2 (0.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 2 (0.24%) Skype for Business
8 1 (0.12%) Apache Airflow
8 1 (0.12%) JBoss
Applications
1 54 (6.38%) Microsoft Excel
2 32 (3.78%) Microsoft Office
3 27 (3.19%) Simulink
4 18 (2.13%) Stateflow
5 9 (1.06%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.71%) SOLIDWORKS
6 6 (0.71%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.59%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.47%) Acrobat
8 4 (0.47%) FrameMaker
8 4 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 4 (0.47%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.47%) Pro/ENGINEER
8 4 (0.47%) PTC Creo
9 3 (0.35%) AutoCAD
9 3 (0.35%) InVision
9 3 (0.35%) Sketch
10 2 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
10 2 (0.24%) OrCAD
11 1 (0.12%) Mathcad
Business Applications
1 12 (1.42%) Dynamics AX
2 10 (1.18%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 7 (0.83%) FINCAD Analytics
4 5 (0.59%) Sentinel
5 3 (0.35%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.24%) Oracle Cash Management
6 2 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
6 2 (0.24%) Oracle General Ledger
6 2 (0.24%) Oracle Payables
6 2 (0.24%) Oracle Receivables
6 2 (0.24%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 1 (0.12%) Oracle Clinical
7 1 (0.12%) Radian6
7 1 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.12%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 80 (9.46%) Azure
2 63 (7.45%) Power Platform
3 38 (4.49%) AWS
4 28 (3.31%) SaaS
5 23 (2.72%) GitHub
6 19 (2.25%) Azure Data Factory
7 15 (1.77%) IaaS
8 14 (1.65%) PaaS
9 12 (1.42%) Dynamics 365
10 11 (1.30%) Serverless
11 9 (1.06%) Cloud Computing
12 8 (0.95%) AWS Lambda
12 8 (0.95%) GCP
13 7 (0.83%) BrowserStack
13 7 (0.83%) Office 365
14 6 (0.71%) Google Sheets
15 5 (0.59%) AWS CloudFormation
16 4 (0.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 4 (0.47%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 4 (0.47%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 45 (5.32%) Ethernet
2 26 (3.07%) Broadband
3 24 (2.84%) TCP/IP
3 24 (2.84%) Wi-Fi
3 24 (2.84%) Wireless
4 21 (2.48%) Wireshark
5 20 (2.36%) HTTP
6 19 (2.25%) 4G
6 19 (2.25%) 802.11
6 19 (2.25%) Firewall
7 17 (2.01%) HTTPS
7 17 (2.01%) MQTT
7 17 (2.01%) STUN
8 14 (1.65%) WAN
9 13 (1.54%) 5G
10 12 (1.42%) DNS
10 12 (1.42%) Network Security
11 11 (1.30%) LAN
11 11 (1.30%) Software-Defined Radio
11 11 (1.30%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 63 (7.45%) Power BI
2 60 (7.09%) SQL Server
3 57 (6.74%) Data Warehouse
4 35 (4.14%) Relational Database
5 26 (3.07%) MySQL
6 23 (2.72%) Tableau
7 22 (2.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 19 (2.25%) PostgreSQL
9 18 (2.13%) Data Lake
9 18 (2.13%) Data Mining
10 14 (1.65%) Looker
10 14 (1.65%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 12 (1.42%) Azure SQL Database
12 11 (1.30%) Big Data
12 11 (1.30%) BusinessObjects
12 11 (1.30%) MS Access
13 10 (1.18%) NoSQL
13 10 (1.18%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 9 (1.06%) Microsoft Analysis Services
14 9 (1.06%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 64 (7.57%) Selenium
2 39 (4.61%) Jenkins
3 34 (4.02%) JIRA
4 32 (3.78%) Rational DOORS
5 30 (3.55%) Git (software)
5 30 (3.55%) Visual Studio
6 18 (2.13%) Appium
6 18 (2.13%) WebDriver
7 14 (1.65%) Cucumber
7 14 (1.65%) GCC
7 14 (1.65%) Subversion
8 12 (1.42%) Cypress.io
8 12 (1.42%) SpecFlow
9 10 (1.18%) JUnit
9 10 (1.18%) Maven
10 9 (1.06%) Eclipse
10 9 (1.06%) GitLab
10 9 (1.06%) TestRail
11 8 (0.95%) Robot Framework
11 8 (0.95%) SoapUI
General
1 148 (17.49%) Finance
2 74 (8.75%) Electronics
3 63 (7.45%) Pharmaceutical
4 62 (7.33%) Aerospace
5 50 (5.91%) Manufacturing
6 43 (5.08%) Telecoms
7 32 (3.78%) Marketing
8 24 (2.84%) Retail
9 19 (2.25%) Law
10 15 (1.77%) Advertising
10 15 (1.77%) Games
11 14 (1.65%) Automotive
11 14 (1.65%) Publishing
12 13 (1.54%) Banking
12 13 (1.54%) Legal
13 11 (1.30%) Military
14 10 (1.18%) Avionics
15 9 (1.06%) Billing
15 9 (1.06%) Public Sector
16 6 (0.71%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 134 (15.84%) Developer
2 115 (13.59%) Analyst
3 70 (8.27%) Systems Engineer
4 45 (5.32%) Design Engineer
5 36 (4.26%) Senior Developer
6 34 (4.02%) Programmer
7 33 (3.90%) Data Analyst
8 31 (3.66%) Electronics Engineer
9 25 (2.96%) Data Engineer
9 25 (2.96%) Electronics Design Engineer
10 22 (2.60%) Product Owner
10 22 (2.60%) Senior Analyst
11 21 (2.48%) Architect
11 21 (2.48%) Business Analyst
12 19 (2.25%) Wireless Engineer
13 18 (2.13%) Data Scientist
13 18 (2.13%) Software Engineer
13 18 (2.13%) Statistical Programmer
13 18 (2.13%) Test Analyst
13 18 (2.13%) Validation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 47 (5.56%) HTML
2 34 (4.02%) CSS
2 34 (4.02%) React
3 32 (3.78%) .NET
4 30 (3.55%) Node.js
5 23 (2.72%) Django
5 23 (2.72%) XML
6 22 (2.60%) HTML5
6 22 (2.60%) SOAP
6 22 (2.60%) Web Services
7 21 (2.48%) REST
8 19 (2.25%) 802.1X
9 17 (2.01%) XMPP
10 16 (1.89%) Spring
11 15 (1.77%) GraphQL
12 14 (1.65%) AngularJS
12 14 (1.65%) TensorFlow
13 13 (1.54%) RESTful
14 12 (1.42%) scikit-learn
14 12 (1.42%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 141 (16.67%) Analytical Skills
2 44 (5.20%) Management Information System
3 42 (4.96%) Self-Motivation
4 40 (4.73%) User Experience
5 39 (4.61%) Algorithms
6 38 (4.49%) Mobile App
7 23 (2.72%) Embedded Systems
8 21 (2.48%) Life Science
9 20 (2.36%) Data Structures
10 17 (2.01%) Data Centre
11 16 (1.89%) LIMS
12 15 (1.77%) Equities
12 15 (1.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 15 (1.77%) State Machine
13 14 (1.65%) Virtual Team
14 13 (1.54%) Market Risk
15 12 (1.42%) Exotic Derivative
15 12 (1.42%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
16 11 (1.30%) Biotechnology
16 11 (1.30%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 66 (7.80%) Linux
2 41 (4.85%) Windows
3 22 (2.60%) Unix
4 16 (1.89%) Windows Server
5 11 (1.30%) Android
6 10 (1.18%) Apple iOS
7 9 (1.06%) Windows Server 2016
8 8 (0.95%) Mac OS X
8 8 (0.95%) Windows Server 2003
8 8 (0.95%) Windows Server 2008
9 5 (0.59%) Solaris
10 4 (0.47%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.35%) Mac OS
11 3 (0.35%) Mesosphere
11 3 (0.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 3 (0.35%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (0.24%) Windows Server 2019
13 1 (0.12%) MVS
13 1 (0.12%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 191 (22.58%) Agile Software Development
2 127 (15.01%) Test Automation
3 108 (12.77%) Business Intelligence
3 108 (12.77%) Data Validation
4 99 (11.70%) Computer Science
5 98 (11.58%) Analytics
6 97 (11.47%) Problem-Solving
7 77 (9.10%) Mathematics
8 73 (8.63%) Project Management
9 71 (8.39%) Data Analysis
10 70 (8.27%) Software Engineering
11 69 (8.16%) Machine Learning
12 64 (7.57%) Visualisation
13 59 (6.97%) Data Modelling
13 59 (6.97%) Mentoring
14 53 (6.26%) Continuous Improvement
14 53 (6.26%) Systems Engineering
15 52 (6.15%) Collaborative Working
15 52 (6.15%) Data Science
15 52 (6.15%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 217 (25.65%) Python
2 179 (21.16%) SQL
3 112 (13.24%) C
4 75 (8.87%) C++
5 71 (8.39%) JavaScript
6 70 (8.27%) Java
7 49 (5.79%) C#
8 39 (4.61%) R
9 30 (3.55%) MATLAB
10 21 (2.48%) Bash Shell
11 19 (2.25%) Ruby
12 18 (2.13%) T-SQL
13 14 (1.65%) PowerShell
14 11 (1.30%) SAS Macro
14 11 (1.30%) VB
15 10 (1.18%) ES6
15 10 (1.18%) Shell Script
15 10 (1.18%) VBA
16 9 (1.06%) Perl
16 9 (1.06%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 232 (27.42%) Degree
2 50 (5.91%) Security Cleared
3 31 (3.66%) PhD
4 24 (2.84%) SC Cleared
5 22 (2.60%) DV Cleared
5 22 (2.60%) Master's Degree
6 19 (2.25%) CISSP
7 16 (1.89%) CFA
8 13 (1.54%) Microsoft Certification
8 13 (1.54%) Numerate Degree
9 9 (1.06%) Cisco Certification
9 9 (1.06%) Computer Science Degree
9 9 (1.06%) CRISC
10 8 (0.95%) HND
10 8 (0.95%) ISTQB
11 7 (0.83%) CCNA
11 7 (0.83%) GSEC
12 6 (0.71%) CCNP
13 4 (0.47%) GCIH
13 4 (0.47%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 86 (10.17%) QA
2 46 (5.44%) Data Quality
3 27 (3.19%) CDISC
3 27 (3.19%) GDPR
4 22 (2.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 20 (2.36%) GMP
6 17 (2.01%) GAMP
6 17 (2.01%) GxP
7 15 (1.77%) PMO
8 13 (1.54%) Good Clinical Practice
9 12 (1.42%) 21 CFR Part 11
9 12 (1.42%) Dodd-Frank
9 12 (1.42%) EMIR
9 12 (1.42%) ISO 9001
9 12 (1.42%) MiFID
10 10 (1.18%) ISO 26262
10 10 (1.18%) SLA
11 7 (0.83%) ISO 13485
11 7 (0.83%) NIST
11 7 (0.83%) OASIS TOSCA
System Software
1 26 (3.07%) Active Directory
2 22 (2.60%) Firmware
2 22 (2.60%) VMware Infrastructure
3 16 (1.89%) Hyper-V
4 15 (1.77%) Docker
5 11 (1.30%) KVM
6 4 (0.47%) Virtual Desktop
7 2 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.12%) vSphere
8 1 (0.12%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 21 (2.48%) Kibana
2 17 (2.01%) Graylog
3 12 (1.42%) SCCM
4 10 (1.18%) Puppet
5 9 (1.06%) Kubernetes
5 9 (1.06%) Terraform
6 8 (0.95%) Ansible
6 8 (0.95%) WSUS
7 7 (0.83%) EMC NetWorker
7 7 (0.83%) NetBackup
7 7 (0.83%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (0.83%) SCOM
7 7 (0.83%) SCVMM
8 5 (0.59%) Prometheus
8 5 (0.59%) Single Sign-On
9 4 (0.47%) Hadoop YARN
9 4 (0.47%) HP ALM
10 3 (0.35%) Automic
10 3 (0.35%) Consul
10 3 (0.35%) logstash
Vendors
1 119 (14.07%) Microsoft
2 41 (4.85%) Oracle
3 31 (3.66%) EMC
4 22 (2.60%) VMware
5 20 (2.36%) SAP
6 18 (2.13%) Salesforce.com
7 15 (1.77%) Cisco
8 13 (1.54%) Databricks
8 13 (1.54%) Google
9 12 (1.42%) Alcatel-Lucent
9 12 (1.42%) HP
9 12 (1.42%) Twitter
10 10 (1.18%) Sparx
11 9 (1.06%) Arista
12 8 (0.95%) Agilent
12 8 (0.95%) Citrix
12 8 (0.95%) Nokia
13 7 (0.83%) Red Hat
13 7 (0.83%) Symantec
13 7 (0.83%) Xilinx