Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Blockchain skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Blockchain over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Blockchain
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 469 449 542
Rank change year-on-year -20 +93 -196
Permanent jobs citing Blockchain 760 256 673
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.61% 0.53% 0.49%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.19% 1.86% 1.79%
Number of salaries quoted 443 220 545
10th Percentile £50,000 £48,750 £46,250
25th Percentile £62,500 £51,250 £58,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £82,500 £77,500 £77,500
Median % change year-on-year +6.45% - +10.71%
75th Percentile £100,000 £100,000 £95,000
90th Percentile £120,000 £126,250 £112,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% +18.18% -4.35%

Blockchain is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 34,780 13,761 37,563
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.93% 28.73% 27.36%
Number of salaries quoted 22,267 11,676 31,078
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,000 £38,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Blockchain
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Blockchain as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Blockchain in the UK

Blockchain
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Blockchain.

Salary trend for Blockchain in the UK

Blockchain
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Blockchain over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Blockchain in the UK

Blockchain
Top 13 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Blockchain within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -24 677 £82,500 +10.00% 87
London -53 568 £85,000 +13.33% 66
Work from Home -169 192 £80,000 +28.00% 27
UK excluding London -168 94 £70,000 +7.69% 22
South East -130 36 £87,500 +20.69% 2
North West -65 31 £65,000 -23.53% 3
North of England -109 31 £65,000 -43.48% 5
Scotland -84 10 £42,500 -15.00% 1
South West - 8 £73,750 - 1
Midlands - 6 £50,000 - 5
East Midlands - 5 £47,500 - 1
Wales -49 2 £60,000 +50.00% 1
East of England -110 1 - - 7

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT jobs citing Blockchain also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Blockchain.

1 348 (45.79%) Finance
2 264 (34.74%) Agile Software Development
3 237 (31.18%) Java
4 232 (30.53%) AWS
5 224 (29.47%) React
6 213 (28.03%) Kubernetes
7 178 (23.42%) Cryptocurrency
8 177 (23.29%) Software Engineering
9 175 (23.03%) DevOps
10 164 (21.58%) JavaScript
11 163 (21.45%) Node.js
12 155 (20.39%) Computer Science
13 148 (19.47%) Azure
14 136 (17.89%) GCP
15 135 (17.76%) Fintech
16 132 (17.37%) TypeScript
17 122 (16.05%) Docker
18 121 (15.92%) Microservices
18 121 (15.92%) Social Skills
18 121 (15.92%) Full Stack Development
18 121 (15.92%) Artificial Intelligence
19 118 (15.53%) Problem-Solving
20 111 (14.61%) Distributed Ledger
21 101 (13.29%) SQL
22 100 (13.16%) Python
23 99 (13.03%) Terraform
24 91 (11.97%) TDD
25 90 (11.84%) Degree
26 88 (11.58%) Test Automation
27 86 (11.32%) Google

Blockchain
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (9.61%) Ethereum
2 28 (3.68%) Confluence
3 21 (2.76%) Hyperledger
4 14 (1.84%) LiveCycle
4 14 (1.84%) Mule
5 11 (1.45%) Apache Spark
6 8 (1.05%) CMS
6 8 (1.05%) Elasticsearch
7 4 (0.53%) Apache Pulsar
7 4 (0.53%) Geth
8 2 (0.26%) Cloud Foundry
8 2 (0.26%) MetaMask
8 2 (0.26%) NetWeaver
8 2 (0.26%) nginx
9 1 (0.13%) Apache
9 1 (0.13%) Jupyter
Applications
1 5 (0.66%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.53%) Chatbot
2 4 (0.53%) Figma
2 4 (0.53%) Sketch
3 2 (0.26%) Adobe After Effects
3 2 (0.26%) Adobe XD
3 2 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.13%) InDesign
4 1 (0.13%) InVision
4 1 (0.13%) Marvel
4 1 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.13%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 111 (14.61%) Distributed Ledger
2 79 (10.39%) R3 Corda
3 3 (0.39%) SAP MDG
3 3 (0.39%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.13%) Quorum
Cloud Services
1 232 (30.53%) AWS
2 148 (19.47%) Azure
3 136 (17.89%) GCP
4 74 (9.74%) GitHub
5 43 (5.66%) SaaS
6 37 (4.87%) Serverless
7 35 (4.61%) Cloud Computing
8 25 (3.29%) AWS Lambda
9 20 (2.63%) AWS CloudFormation
10 11 (1.45%) Azure Pipelines
10 11 (1.45%) Heroku
11 10 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
11 10 (1.32%) OpenShift
11 10 (1.32%) PaaS
12 9 (1.18%) Amazon Kinesis
12 9 (1.18%) IaaS
13 8 (1.05%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
13 8 (1.05%) Azure Service Bus
14 7 (0.92%) Amazon EMR
15 6 (0.79%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 23 (3.03%) HTTP
2 22 (2.89%) Internet
3 13 (1.71%) SSL
4 8 (1.05%) Firewall
5 5 (0.66%) TCP/IP
6 3 (0.39%) Network Security
7 2 (0.26%) DNS
8 1 (0.13%) Cisco ASA
8 1 (0.13%) DHCP
8 1 (0.13%) Multicast
8 1 (0.13%) OpenLDAP
8 1 (0.13%) SSH
8 1 (0.13%) VLAN
8 1 (0.13%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (11.18%) PostgreSQL
2 74 (9.74%) Big Data
3 43 (5.66%) MongoDB
4 40 (5.26%) SQL Server
5 35 (4.61%) Relational Database
6 34 (4.47%) NoSQL
7 22 (2.89%) Apache Cassandra
8 21 (2.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 16 (2.11%) Redis
10 13 (1.71%) MySQL
11 10 (1.32%) Amazon RDS
12 9 (1.18%) Metadata
13 5 (0.66%) CouchDB
14 4 (0.53%) BigQuery
14 4 (0.53%) Electronic Patient Records
14 4 (0.53%) Event Store
14 4 (0.53%) Tick Data
15 3 (0.39%) GIS
16 2 (0.26%) Neo4j
16 2 (0.26%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 52 (6.84%) JIRA
2 43 (5.66%) Git (software)
3 38 (5.00%) Jenkins
4 29 (3.82%) webpack
5 21 (2.76%) Gradle
6 20 (2.63%) Octopus Deploy
7 19 (2.50%) Selenium
8 17 (2.24%) Cucumber
9 16 (2.11%) TeamCity
10 13 (1.71%) Babel
10 13 (1.71%) CircleCI
11 11 (1.45%) Postman
12 10 (1.32%) Ant
12 10 (1.32%) Cypress.io
13 7 (0.92%) Artifactory
14 6 (0.79%) Jasmine
14 6 (0.79%) Karma Test Runner
15 5 (0.66%) ESLint
15 5 (0.66%) git-flow
15 5 (0.66%) Storybook
General
1 348 (45.79%) Finance
2 121 (15.92%) Social Skills
3 62 (8.16%) Banking
4 42 (5.53%) Marketing
5 39 (5.13%) Presentation Skills
6 35 (4.61%) Analytical Skills
7 29 (3.82%) Games
8 28 (3.68%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 26 (3.42%) Law
10 24 (3.16%) Financial Institution
11 19 (2.50%) Legal
11 19 (2.50%) Publishing
12 14 (1.84%) Public Sector
12 14 (1.84%) Retail
12 14 (1.84%) Wearables
13 13 (1.71%) Advertising
14 11 (1.45%) Music Industry
15 9 (1.18%) Documentation Skills
16 8 (1.05%) Manufacturing
17 4 (0.53%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 211 (27.76%) Developer
2 115 (15.13%) Software Engineer
3 60 (7.89%) Blockchain Engineer
4 53 (6.97%) Consultant
5 47 (6.18%) Backend Developer
5 47 (6.18%) Java Developer
6 41 (5.39%) Architect
7 38 (5.00%) Java Engineer
8 35 (4.61%) Blockchain Developer
8 35 (4.61%) DevOps Engineer
9 29 (3.82%) Senior Developer
9 29 (3.82%) Senior Software Engineer
10 27 (3.55%) Software Developer
11 25 (3.29%) Analyst
11 25 (3.29%) Full Stack Developer
12 23 (3.03%) Solutions Architect
13 21 (2.76%) .NET Developer
13 21 (2.76%) Business Analyst
14 20 (2.63%) Product Manager
15 16 (2.11%) Software Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 224 (29.47%) React
2 163 (21.45%) Node.js
3 76 (10.00%) REST
3 76 (10.00%) Web Services
4 75 (9.87%) Spring
5 67 (8.82%) RESTful
6 61 (8.03%) HTML
7 57 (7.50%) AngularJS
8 56 (7.37%) Spring Boot
9 55 (7.24%) CSS
9 55 (7.24%) Kafka
10 52 (6.84%) Smart Contracts
11 48 (6.32%) Hibernate
12 46 (6.05%) Middleware
13 44 (5.79%) GraphQL
14 39 (5.13%) .NET
14 39 (5.13%) Express
15 38 (5.00%) SOAP
16 27 (3.55%) React Native
17 25 (3.29%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 67 (8.82%) User Experience
2 60 (7.89%) Enterprise Software
3 56 (7.37%) Virtual Team
4 42 (5.53%) Greenfield Project
4 42 (5.53%) Mobile App
5 25 (3.29%) Cloud Native
6 24 (3.16%) iPad
7 22 (2.89%) Algorithms
8 21 (2.76%) Bitcoin
9 20 (2.63%) Public Cloud
9 20 (2.63%) Self-Motivation
10 16 (2.11%) Robotics
11 15 (1.97%) Blog
12 13 (1.71%) Data Protection Act
12 13 (1.71%) Digital Currency
12 13 (1.71%) Hedge funds
12 13 (1.71%) Tandem
13 12 (1.58%) Social Media
14 11 (1.45%) Legacy Systems
15 9 (1.18%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 42 (5.53%) Linux
2 22 (2.89%) Apple iOS
2 22 (2.89%) Windows
3 12 (1.58%) Mac OS
4 11 (1.45%) Android
5 8 (1.05%) Unix
6 4 (0.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.26%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.13%) CentOS
8 1 (0.13%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.13%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 264 (34.74%) Agile Software Development
2 178 (23.42%) Cryptocurrency
3 177 (23.29%) Software Engineering
4 175 (23.03%) DevOps
5 155 (20.39%) Computer Science
6 135 (17.76%) Fintech
7 121 (15.92%) Artificial Intelligence
7 121 (15.92%) Full Stack Development
7 121 (15.92%) Microservices
8 118 (15.53%) Problem-Solving
9 91 (11.97%) TDD
10 88 (11.58%) Test Automation
11 77 (10.13%) Continuous Integration
12 72 (9.47%) Scrum
13 71 (9.34%) Open Source
14 69 (9.08%) Coaching
15 61 (8.03%) Mentoring
16 52 (6.84%) Thought Leadership
17 51 (6.71%) Front End Development
18 48 (6.32%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 237 (31.18%) Java
2 164 (21.58%) JavaScript
3 132 (17.37%) TypeScript
4 101 (13.29%) SQL
5 100 (13.16%) Python
6 78 (10.26%) Kotlin
7 73 (9.61%) Go
8 48 (6.32%) C++
9 44 (5.79%) C#
10 41 (5.39%) Scala
11 39 (5.13%) Rust
12 29 (3.82%) Solidity
13 26 (3.42%) Ruby
14 21 (2.76%) ES6
14 21 (2.76%) Java 8
15 18 (2.37%) Bash Shell
16 13 (1.71%) C
17 10 (1.32%) DAML
17 10 (1.32%) R
18 8 (1.05%) ES7
Qualifications
1 90 (11.84%) Degree
2 49 (6.45%) Computer Science Degree
3 20 (2.63%) Master's Degree
4 7 (0.92%) PhD
5 6 (0.79%) Cisco Certification
6 5 (0.66%) (ISC)2 CCSP
6 5 (0.66%) CISA
6 5 (0.66%) CISM
6 5 (0.66%) CISSP
6 5 (0.66%) CREST Certified
7 2 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
7 2 (0.26%) SAFe Agilist
8 1 (0.13%) CCNA
8 1 (0.13%) SC Cleared
8 1 (0.13%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (8.55%) QA
2 10 (1.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 8 (1.05%) Accessibility
4 6 (0.79%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.66%) COBIT
5 5 (0.66%) NIST
6 4 (0.53%) ISO 22301
7 1 (0.13%) GDPR
7 1 (0.13%) MiFID
7 1 (0.13%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 122 (16.05%) Docker
2 7 (0.92%) Virtual Machines
3 6 (0.79%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.39%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.13%) KVM
5 1 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 213 (28.03%) Kubernetes
2 99 (13.03%) Terraform
3 34 (4.47%) Ansible
4 11 (1.45%) Prometheus
5 10 (1.32%) Grafana
6 8 (1.05%) Istio
6 8 (1.05%) Puppet
7 5 (0.66%) Kubeflow
7 5 (0.66%) Packer
7 5 (0.66%) Rancher
8 4 (0.53%) Opscode Chef
9 2 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
9 2 (0.26%) Kibana
10 1 (0.13%) logstash
10 1 (0.13%) SCCM
10 1 (0.13%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 86 (11.32%) Google
2 34 (4.47%) Oracle
3 21 (2.76%) Microsoft
4 17 (2.24%) Adobe
5 14 (1.84%) Talend
6 11 (1.45%) Atlassian
7 9 (1.18%) SAP
8 8 (1.05%) Apple
8 8 (1.05%) Intel
8 8 (1.05%) Spotify
9 6 (0.79%) ConsenSys
9 6 (0.79%) IBM
9 6 (0.79%) Red Hat
9 6 (0.79%) Splunk
10 5 (0.66%) Avid
10 5 (0.66%) Salesforce.com
11 4 (0.53%) MuleSoft
11 4 (0.53%) VMware
12 3 (0.39%) TOWER Software
13 2 (0.26%) HP