Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cloud Computing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cloud Computing
UK
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 315 275 336
Rank change year-on-year -40 +61 +9
Permanent jobs citing Cloud Computing 1,171 805 1,427
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.03% 1.14% 0.99%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.42% 3.11% 3.27%
Number of salaries quoted 699 645 991
10th Percentile £36,728 £35,846 £36,250
25th Percentile £47,500 £43,750 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £57,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.04% -4.17% -4.00%
75th Percentile £81,875 £77,500 £77,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £53,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +2.80% -2.73% -

Cloud Computing is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 48,328 25,846 43,670
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.71% 36.51% 30.19%
Number of salaries quoted 34,864 21,351 35,854
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,500
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £74,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £93,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.26%

Cloud Computing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Computing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing.

Salary trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing within the UK over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -40 1,016 £65,000 +13.04% 207
London +1 543 £75,000 +10.70% 77
UK excluding London -45 534 £55,000 +2.80% 143
Work from Home -124 245 £72,500 +26.09% 51
South East -51 154 £64,000 +6.67% 31
North of England -74 118 £51,500 -3.74% 46
North West -54 75 £51,500 -6.36% 21
Midlands -53 61 £48,750 +8.33% 20
South West -68 56 £45,039 -18.11% 20
East of England -5 50 £48,000 -12.73% 11
Scotland -46 48 £55,000 +15.79% 3
Northern Ireland +8 44 £80,000 +45.45% 6
West Midlands -40 42 £50,000 +17.65% 12
Yorkshire -43 36 £45,000 - 16
East Midlands -49 18 £30,000 -33.33% 8
North East -30 7 £80,000 +150.94% 9
Wales -17 5 £50,000 +17.65% 6

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT jobs citing Cloud Computing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cloud Computing.

1 634 (54.14%) AWS
2 498 (42.53%) Agile Software Development
3 459 (39.20%) Azure
4 371 (31.68%) Python
5 349 (29.80%) DevOps
6 303 (25.88%) Kubernetes
7 282 (24.08%) Docker
8 279 (23.83%) Social Skills
9 268 (22.89%) Java
10 256 (21.86%) Software Engineering
11 240 (20.50%) Microsoft
12 237 (20.24%) SQL
13 229 (19.56%) Microservices
14 209 (17.85%) Linux
15 203 (17.34%) Degree
16 200 (17.08%) Web Services
17 194 (16.57%) JavaScript
18 193 (16.48%) GCP
19 191 (16.31%) Big Data
20 177 (15.12%) Computer Science
21 175 (14.94%) Finance
22 171 (14.60%) SaaS
23 170 (14.52%) React
24 167 (14.26%) Continuous Integration
25 162 (13.83%) Jenkins
26 160 (13.66%) Problem-Solving
27 154 (13.15%) PaaS
28 153 (13.07%) NoSQL
29 152 (12.98%) Machine Learning
30 150 (12.81%) Analytics

Cloud Computing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (3.67%) Elasticsearch
2 31 (2.65%) Apache Spark
2 31 (2.65%) OpenStack
3 27 (2.31%) Cloud Foundry
3 27 (2.31%) IIS
4 23 (1.96%) Apache
5 19 (1.62%) Apache Airflow
5 19 (1.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 16 (1.37%) Tomcat
7 13 (1.11%) SharePoint
8 11 (0.94%) nginx
9 10 (0.85%) BizTalk Server
10 9 (0.77%) MS Exchange
11 7 (0.60%) Skype for Business
12 6 (0.51%) CMS
12 6 (0.51%) Confluence
13 5 (0.43%) JBoss
14 2 (0.17%) LiveCycle
14 2 (0.17%) Luigi
14 2 (0.17%) Mule
Applications
1 20 (1.71%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (1.20%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.43%) Spreadsheet
4 4 (0.34%) Chatbot
4 4 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
4 4 (0.34%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (0.68%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.51%) NetSuite
3 4 (0.34%) JDE OneWorld
4 3 (0.26%) Dynamics NAV
4 3 (0.26%) Sentinel
4 3 (0.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 2 (0.17%) Lawson
5 2 (0.17%) Magento
5 2 (0.17%) SAP Business One
5 2 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 2 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.085%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.085%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.085%) MFGPRO
6 1 (0.085%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.085%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.085%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.085%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 634 (54.14%) AWS
2 459 (39.20%) Azure
3 193 (16.48%) GCP
4 171 (14.60%) SaaS
5 154 (13.15%) PaaS
6 150 (12.81%) Serverless
7 122 (10.42%) IaaS
8 81 (6.92%) AWS Lambda
9 72 (6.15%) Microsoft 365
10 68 (5.81%) Amazon S3
10 68 (5.81%) GitHub
11 55 (4.70%) AWS CloudFormation
12 49 (4.18%) Azure Service Bus
13 46 (3.93%) CloudFront
14 45 (3.84%) Azure Storage
15 39 (3.33%) Amazon ECS
16 29 (2.48%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 29 (2.48%) Azure Data Factory
16 29 (2.48%) Power Platform
17 28 (2.39%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 105 (8.97%) Firewall
2 81 (6.92%) DNS
3 80 (6.83%) Internet
4 65 (5.55%) VPN
5 54 (4.61%) HTTP
6 50 (4.27%) TCP/IP
7 48 (4.10%) Network Security
8 32 (2.73%) BGP
9 31 (2.65%) SSL
10 24 (2.05%) IPsec
11 19 (1.62%) SAN
12 16 (1.37%) SMTP
13 15 (1.28%) DHCP
13 15 (1.28%) MPLS
14 13 (1.11%) Intrusion Detection
14 13 (1.11%) WAN
15 12 (1.02%) VLAN
16 11 (0.94%) LAN
17 10 (0.85%) FTP
17 10 (0.85%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 191 (16.31%) Big Data
2 153 (13.07%) NoSQL
3 90 (7.69%) MongoDB
4 86 (7.34%) MySQL
5 77 (6.58%) SQL Server
6 59 (5.04%) Amazon RDS
7 55 (4.70%) Relational Database
8 50 (4.27%) Hadoop
9 47 (4.01%) PostgreSQL
10 41 (3.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 39 (3.33%) Data Warehouse
12 33 (2.82%) Apache Cassandra
13 32 (2.73%) Amazon Aurora
14 21 (1.79%) Power BI
15 19 (1.62%) Blockchain
16 17 (1.45%) Data Lake
17 12 (1.02%) Amazon Redshift
17 12 (1.02%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 11 (0.94%) OLTP
18 11 (0.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 162 (13.83%) Jenkins
2 101 (8.63%) Git (software)
3 54 (4.61%) GitLab
4 53 (4.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 51 (4.36%) JIRA
6 34 (2.90%) Selenium
7 33 (2.82%) JMeter
8 25 (2.13%) JUnit
8 25 (2.13%) Visual Studio Team System
8 25 (2.13%) WebDriver
9 22 (1.88%) Team Foundation Server
10 21 (1.79%) Cypress.io
10 21 (1.79%) webpack
11 13 (1.11%) Bitbucket
12 11 (0.94%) Artifactory
13 7 (0.60%) Postman
14 6 (0.51%) CircleCI
14 6 (0.51%) SoapUI
14 6 (0.51%) Subversion
15 5 (0.43%) Maven
General
1 279 (23.83%) Social Skills
2 175 (14.94%) Finance
3 139 (11.87%) Analytical Skills
4 54 (4.61%) Public Sector
5 53 (4.53%) Retail
6 52 (4.44%) Marketing
7 45 (3.84%) Banking
8 40 (3.42%) Law
9 29 (2.48%) Legal
9 29 (2.48%) Presentation Skills
10 26 (2.22%) Games
10 26 (2.22%) Organisational Skills
11 25 (2.13%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 23 (1.96%) Telecoms
13 14 (1.20%) Automotive
13 14 (1.20%) Influencing Skills
13 14 (1.20%) Manufacturing
14 11 (0.94%) Documentation Skills
15 10 (0.85%) Pharmaceutical
16 8 (0.68%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 254 (21.69%) Developer
2 118 (10.08%) Architect
3 105 (8.97%) Software Engineer
4 94 (8.03%) Cloud Engineer
5 83 (7.09%) DevOps Engineer
6 70 (5.98%) Analyst
7 66 (5.64%) Full Stack Developer
8 60 (5.12%) Consultant
9 56 (4.78%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 49 (4.18%) Solutions Architect
11 47 (4.01%) Cloud Architect
12 40 (3.42%) Senior Developer
13 36 (3.07%) Java Developer
14 32 (2.73%) Lead Developer
15 31 (2.65%) Python Engineer
16 30 (2.56%) Cloud Developer
17 29 (2.48%) Senior Software Engineer
18 28 (2.39%) Data Engineer
18 28 (2.39%) Senior DevOps
19 27 (2.31%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 200 (17.08%) Web Services
2 170 (14.52%) React
3 138 (11.78%) Node.js
4 136 (11.61%) REST
5 114 (9.74%) Kafka
6 103 (8.80%) .NET
7 99 (8.45%) RESTful
8 68 (5.81%) CSS
9 65 (5.55%) Spring
10 64 (5.47%) AngularJS
11 60 (5.12%) HTML
12 56 (4.78%) GraphQL
13 52 (4.44%) .NET Core
14 50 (4.27%) SOAP
15 46 (3.93%) RabbitMQ
16 45 (3.84%) JSON
17 42 (3.59%) Spring Boot
18 38 (3.25%) Django
19 36 (3.07%) Apache Thrift
20 31 (2.65%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 96 (8.20%) User Experience
2 73 (6.23%) Data Centre
3 61 (5.21%) Mobile App
4 60 (5.12%) Algorithms
5 57 (4.87%) Management Information System
6 56 (4.78%) Public Cloud
7 52 (4.44%) Cloud Native
8 41 (3.50%) Hybrid Cloud
9 39 (3.33%) Greenfield Project
10 32 (2.73%) Tandem
11 31 (2.65%) Data Structures
12 24 (2.05%) Virtual Team
13 23 (1.96%) NHS
14 21 (1.79%) Enterprise Cloud
14 21 (1.79%) Self-Motivation
15 17 (1.45%) Enterprise Software
16 16 (1.37%) Driving Licence
16 16 (1.37%) Internet of Things
17 13 (1.11%) Blog
17 13 (1.11%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 209 (17.85%) Linux
2 139 (11.87%) Windows
3 72 (6.15%) Windows Server
4 51 (4.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 44 (3.76%) Unix
6 28 (2.39%) Windows 10
7 26 (2.22%) Apple iOS
8 25 (2.13%) Android
9 23 (1.96%) CentOS
9 23 (1.96%) VMS
10 14 (1.20%) Fedora
10 14 (1.20%) SUSE
11 7 (0.60%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.51%) Solaris
12 6 (0.51%) Windows 7
12 6 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
13 5 (0.43%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (0.43%) Windows Server 2019
14 4 (0.34%) Ubuntu
15 3 (0.26%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 498 (42.53%) Agile Software Development
2 349 (29.80%) DevOps
3 256 (21.86%) Software Engineering
4 229 (19.56%) Microservices
5 177 (15.12%) Computer Science
6 167 (14.26%) Continuous Integration
7 160 (13.66%) Problem-Solving
8 152 (12.98%) Machine Learning
9 150 (12.81%) Analytics
10 146 (12.47%) Infrastructure as Code
11 131 (11.19%) Open Source
12 127 (10.85%) Mentoring
13 125 (10.67%) OO
14 122 (10.42%) Artificial Intelligence
15 121 (10.33%) Test Automation
16 111 (9.48%) Configuration Management
17 106 (9.05%) Scrum
18 104 (8.88%) Site Reliability Engineering
19 89 (7.60%) Data Science
19 89 (7.60%) Load Balancing
Programming Languages
1 371 (31.68%) Python
2 268 (22.89%) Java
3 237 (20.24%) SQL
4 194 (16.57%) JavaScript
5 96 (8.20%) C#
6 87 (7.43%) Ruby
7 76 (6.49%) Go
8 74 (6.32%) PowerShell
9 69 (5.89%) TypeScript
10 67 (5.72%) C++
11 55 (4.70%) Bash Shell
12 50 (4.27%) PHP
13 31 (2.65%) C
14 27 (2.31%) Scala
15 24 (2.05%) Kotlin
16 13 (1.11%) Java 8
17 12 (1.02%) Dart
17 12 (1.02%) ES6
18 11 (0.94%) Groovy
19 9 (0.77%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 203 (17.34%) Degree
2 83 (7.09%) Computer Science Degree
3 79 (6.75%) Security Cleared
4 54 (4.61%) Master's Degree
5 49 (4.18%) SC Cleared
6 40 (3.42%) CISM
6 40 (3.42%) CISSP
7 27 (2.31%) AWS Certification
8 26 (2.22%) CISA
9 23 (1.96%) PhD
10 19 (1.62%) Cisco Certification
11 13 (1.11%) CEH
11 13 (1.11%) RHCE
11 13 (1.11%) RHCSA
12 11 (0.94%) Microsoft Certification
13 10 (0.85%) SSCP
14 9 (0.77%) CompTIA Security+
15 8 (0.68%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 8 (0.68%) CCNP
15 8 (0.68%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 86 (7.34%) QA
2 49 (4.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 27 (2.31%) NIST
4 25 (2.13%) GDPR
5 22 (1.88%) SLA
6 21 (1.79%) Cyber Essentials
7 14 (1.20%) GRC
7 14 (1.20%) PCI DSS
8 9 (0.77%) COBIT
9 7 (0.60%) Accessibility
10 5 (0.43%) 21 CFR Part 11
10 5 (0.43%) HIPAA
10 5 (0.43%) ITGC
11 4 (0.34%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 3 (0.26%) Data Quality
12 3 (0.26%) GxP
12 3 (0.26%) PMBOK
12 3 (0.26%) SOC 2
13 2 (0.17%) NCSC
14 1 (0.085%) PMO
System Software
1 282 (24.08%) Docker
2 112 (9.56%) Active Directory
3 55 (4.70%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (1.54%) Hyper-V
5 11 (0.94%) KVM
5 11 (0.94%) Virtual Machines
6 10 (0.85%) vSphere
7 8 (0.68%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 7 (0.60%) Virtual Desktop
9 6 (0.51%) Firmware
10 5 (0.43%) XenDesktop
11 4 (0.34%) HDFS
11 4 (0.34%) Microsoft App-V
11 4 (0.34%) VMware NSX
12 3 (0.26%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 2 (0.17%) BitLocker
14 1 (0.085%) Shibboleth
14 1 (0.085%) Virtual Servers
14 1 (0.085%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 303 (25.88%) Kubernetes
2 138 (11.78%) Terraform
3 97 (8.28%) Ansible
4 71 (6.06%) Puppet
5 49 (4.18%) Prometheus
6 39 (3.33%) Grafana
7 24 (2.05%) Opscode Chef
8 21 (1.79%) Rancher
9 19 (1.62%) Packer
9 19 (1.62%) SCCM
10 18 (1.54%) Consul
10 18 (1.54%) FortiGate
11 16 (1.37%) Docker Swarm
12 15 (1.28%) Graphite
13 10 (0.85%) vCenter Server
13 10 (0.85%) vRealize
14 9 (0.77%) Kibana
14 9 (0.77%) Nagios
14 9 (0.77%) Nessus
15 7 (0.60%) Salt
Vendors
1 240 (20.50%) Microsoft
2 146 (12.47%) Google
3 82 (7.00%) Oracle
4 65 (5.55%) VMware
5 39 (3.33%) IBM
6 35 (2.99%) Cisco
7 34 (2.90%) Red Hat
8 22 (1.88%) ServiceNow
9 20 (1.71%) SAP
10 19 (1.62%) SolarWinds
11 18 (1.54%) Meraki
11 18 (1.54%) Salesforce.com
12 16 (1.37%) Splunk
13 15 (1.28%) Fortinet
14 12 (1.02%) Citrix
15 10 (0.85%) Rackspace
16 9 (0.77%) Zend
17 8 (0.68%) Workday
18 7 (0.60%) JD Edwards
19 6 (0.51%) Sophos