Period
to 16 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cloud Computing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cloud Computing
UK
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 317 247 326
Rank change year-on-year -70 +79 +9
Permanent jobs citing Cloud Computing 1,334 635 1,392
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.07% 1.32% 1.01%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.47% 3.29% 3.18%
Number of salaries quoted 798 507 1,055
10th Percentile £36,500 £37,000 £34,848
25th Percentile £47,500 £47,375 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £57,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +14.04% -5.00% -6.25%
75th Percentile £83,750 £75,000 £80,625
90th Percentile £98,750 £90,000 £97,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000

Cloud Computing is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 53,948 19,321 43,761
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.30% 40.28% 31.84%
Number of salaries quoted 37,693 16,396 36,005
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £39,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
75th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -

Cloud Computing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Computing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing.

Salary trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing within the UK over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -73 1,155 £65,000 +13.04% 225
UK excluding London -90 609 £55,000 - 159
London -31 598 £77,500 +6.90% 90
Work from Home -107 301 £70,000 +21.74% 50
South East -72 197 £63,500 +5.83% 45
North of England -120 163 £52,000 -2.80% 52
North West -115 81 £51,500 -10.43% 28
Yorkshire -57 69 £45,000 +3.45% 14
Midlands -105 57 £54,657 +24.93% 16
Scotland -79 53 £55,000 - 13
Northern Ireland +1 51 £80,000 +45.45% 5
East of England -76 46 £45,000 -18.18% 8
South West -91 37 £45,079 -18.04% 13
East Midlands -61 30 £64,625 +52.06% 7
West Midlands -98 27 £46,250 -2.63% 9
North East -34 13 £80,000 +60.00% 10
Wales - 5 £50,000 - 7

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT jobs citing Cloud Computing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cloud Computing.

1 773 (57.95%) AWS
2 568 (42.58%) Agile Software Development
3 561 (42.05%) Azure
4 456 (34.18%) DevOps
5 410 (30.73%) Python
6 349 (26.16%) Kubernetes
7 343 (25.71%) Java
8 320 (23.99%) Microservices
9 293 (21.96%) Docker
10 290 (21.74%) Social Skills
11 286 (21.44%) Finance
12 281 (21.06%) Software Engineering
13 275 (20.61%) React
14 271 (20.31%) Microsoft
15 264 (19.79%) JavaScript
16 250 (18.74%) SQL
16 250 (18.74%) Serverless
17 233 (17.47%) Degree
18 232 (17.39%) Computer Science
18 232 (17.39%) Problem-Solving
19 227 (17.02%) Linux
20 224 (16.79%) GCP
21 220 (16.49%) Continuous Integration
22 216 (16.19%) Jenkins
23 214 (16.04%) Full Stack Development
24 201 (15.07%) Analytical Skills
24 201 (15.07%) SaaS
24 201 (15.07%) Web Services
25 193 (14.47%) Node.js
26 188 (14.09%) Big Data

Cloud Computing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (3.45%) Elasticsearch
2 30 (2.25%) Apache Spark
3 25 (1.87%) Apache
3 25 (1.87%) IIS
4 24 (1.80%) Cloud Foundry
5 23 (1.72%) OpenStack
6 18 (1.35%) SharePoint
7 17 (1.27%) Skype for Business
8 14 (1.05%) Apache Airflow
8 14 (1.05%) nginx
9 10 (0.75%) Tomcat
10 9 (0.67%) Confluence
11 6 (0.45%) BizTalk Server
11 6 (0.45%) Jupyter
11 6 (0.45%) MS Exchange
12 5 (0.37%) CMS
13 4 (0.30%) JBoss
13 4 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 3 (0.22%) LiveCycle
14 3 (0.22%) Mule
Applications
1 20 (1.50%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (0.60%) Chatbot
4 6 (0.45%) InVision
4 6 (0.45%) Sketch
5 5 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
6 4 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.075%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (0.60%) NetSuite
2 5 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
2 5 (0.37%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.37%) Dynamics NAV
2 5 (0.37%) MFGPRO
3 3 (0.22%) JDE OneWorld
3 3 (0.22%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.15%) Magento
4 2 (0.15%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.075%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.075%) Oracle Assets
5 1 (0.075%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.075%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.075%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 773 (57.95%) AWS
2 561 (42.05%) Azure
3 250 (18.74%) Serverless
4 224 (16.79%) GCP
5 201 (15.07%) SaaS
6 165 (12.37%) PaaS
7 104 (7.80%) IaaS
8 98 (7.35%) AWS Lambda
9 83 (6.22%) GitHub
10 79 (5.92%) Microsoft 365
11 71 (5.32%) Azure Storage
12 70 (5.25%) Azure Service Bus
13 62 (4.65%) Amazon S3
14 59 (4.42%) AWS CloudFormation
15 58 (4.35%) OpenShift
16 47 (3.52%) CloudFront
17 46 (3.45%) Azure Data Factory
18 44 (3.30%) Azure Functions
19 43 (3.22%) Azure Cosmos DB
20 37 (2.77%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 131 (9.82%) Firewall
2 73 (5.47%) DNS
3 66 (4.95%) VPN
4 58 (4.35%) HTTP
5 49 (3.67%) TCP/IP
6 47 (3.52%) Internet
7 35 (2.62%) Network Security
8 32 (2.40%) BGP
9 31 (2.32%) SSL
10 29 (2.17%) IPsec
11 26 (1.95%) WAN
12 24 (1.80%) LAN
13 20 (1.50%) SAN
14 18 (1.35%) Skype
14 18 (1.35%) Wi-Fi
15 17 (1.27%) OSPF
16 16 (1.20%) DHCP
17 11 (0.82%) MPLS
17 11 (0.82%) SD-WAN
18 9 (0.67%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 188 (14.09%) Big Data
2 149 (11.17%) NoSQL
3 107 (8.02%) PostgreSQL
4 101 (7.57%) MongoDB
5 93 (6.97%) SQL Server
6 72 (5.40%) MySQL
7 69 (5.17%) Amazon RDS
8 59 (4.42%) Relational Database
9 58 (4.35%) Hadoop
10 52 (3.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 46 (3.45%) Amazon Aurora
12 35 (2.62%) Blockchain
13 33 (2.47%) Apache Cassandra
14 20 (1.50%) Power BI
15 18 (1.35%) Data Lake
15 18 (1.35%) Data Warehouse
16 13 (0.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 12 (0.90%) Amazon Redshift
17 12 (0.90%) OLTP
17 12 (0.90%) Redis
Development Applications
1 216 (16.19%) Jenkins
2 101 (7.57%) Git (software)
3 70 (5.25%) JIRA
4 42 (3.15%) GitLab
5 40 (3.00%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 30 (2.25%) Selenium
7 27 (2.02%) JMeter
7 27 (2.02%) JUnit
8 24 (1.80%) WebDriver
9 22 (1.65%) webpack
10 21 (1.57%) Team Foundation Server
11 20 (1.50%) Visual Studio Team System
12 19 (1.42%) Bitbucket
13 16 (1.20%) Cypress.io
14 14 (1.05%) Artifactory
15 13 (0.97%) Storybook
16 11 (0.82%) Gradle
17 10 (0.75%) Maven
18 8 (0.60%) TeamCity
18 8 (0.60%) Xcode
General
1 290 (21.74%) Social Skills
2 286 (21.44%) Finance
3 201 (15.07%) Analytical Skills
4 72 (5.40%) Retail
5 62 (4.65%) Banking
6 59 (4.42%) Public Sector
7 46 (3.45%) Marketing
8 34 (2.55%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 32 (2.40%) Law
9 32 (2.40%) Legal
10 30 (2.25%) Games
11 29 (2.17%) Organisational Skills
12 26 (1.95%) Automotive
13 24 (1.80%) Presentation Skills
14 22 (1.65%) Telecoms
15 16 (1.20%) Pharmaceutical
16 14 (1.05%) Back Office
17 12 (0.90%) Documentation Skills
17 12 (0.90%) Manufacturing
17 12 (0.90%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 332 (24.89%) Developer
2 123 (9.22%) Software Engineer
3 109 (8.17%) Architect
4 106 (7.95%) Cloud Engineer
5 98 (7.35%) Analyst
6 93 (6.97%) DevOps Engineer
7 62 (4.65%) Full Stack Developer
8 59 (4.42%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 55 (4.12%) Java Developer
10 54 (4.05%) Senior Developer
11 51 (3.82%) .NET Developer
11 51 (3.82%) Consultant
12 43 (3.22%) Solutions Architect
13 41 (3.07%) Cloud Architect
14 39 (2.92%) Analyst Developer
14 39 (2.92%) Pricing Analyst
14 39 (2.92%) Pricing Developer
15 37 (2.77%) Senior Software Engineer
16 32 (2.40%) Project Manager
17 29 (2.17%) Infrastructure Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 275 (20.61%) React
2 201 (15.07%) Web Services
3 193 (14.47%) Node.js
4 165 (12.37%) .NET
5 142 (10.64%) REST
6 129 (9.67%) AngularJS
7 127 (9.52%) Spring
8 121 (9.07%) Kafka
9 107 (8.02%) Spring Boot
10 98 (7.35%) RESTful
11 81 (6.07%) CSS
12 77 (5.77%) GraphQL
12 77 (5.77%) HTML
13 62 (4.65%) .NET Core
14 53 (3.97%) Django
15 49 (3.67%) RabbitMQ
16 47 (3.52%) Java EE
16 47 (3.52%) SOAP
17 44 (3.30%) JSON
18 43 (3.22%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 144 (10.79%) User Experience
2 119 (8.92%) Management Information System
3 98 (7.35%) Public Cloud
4 79 (5.92%) Mobile App
5 74 (5.55%) Data Centre
6 71 (5.32%) Cloud Native
7 70 (5.25%) Self-Motivation
8 62 (4.65%) Virtual Team
9 52 (3.90%) Greenfield Project
10 45 (3.37%) Algorithms
11 39 (2.92%) Hybrid Cloud
12 38 (2.85%) Tandem
13 22 (1.65%) Enterprise Software
14 20 (1.50%) Social Media
15 19 (1.42%) Data Structures
16 18 (1.35%) Social Network
17 16 (1.20%) Private Cloud
18 15 (1.12%) Blog
18 15 (1.12%) NHS
19 14 (1.05%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 227 (17.02%) Linux
2 151 (11.32%) Windows
3 79 (5.92%) Unix
4 72 (5.40%) Windows Server
5 33 (2.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 31 (2.32%) Apple iOS
7 30 (2.25%) Android
8 29 (2.17%) VMS
9 28 (2.10%) Windows 10
10 19 (1.42%) CentOS
11 13 (0.97%) Fedora
11 13 (0.97%) Windows Server 2012
11 13 (0.97%) Windows Server 2019
12 11 (0.82%) Windows Server 2016
13 9 (0.67%) SUSE
14 7 (0.52%) Solaris
15 6 (0.45%) Ubuntu
16 5 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
17 3 (0.22%) Mac OS
17 3 (0.22%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 568 (42.58%) Agile Software Development
2 456 (34.18%) DevOps
3 320 (23.99%) Microservices
4 281 (21.06%) Software Engineering
5 232 (17.39%) Computer Science
5 232 (17.39%) Problem-Solving
6 220 (16.49%) Continuous Integration
7 214 (16.04%) Full Stack Development
8 172 (12.89%) Infrastructure as Code
9 169 (12.67%) Analytics
10 167 (12.52%) Machine Learning
11 163 (12.22%) Scrum
12 152 (11.39%) Artificial Intelligence
12 152 (11.39%) Open Source
13 151 (11.32%) Test Automation
14 137 (10.27%) Mentoring
15 113 (8.47%) Data Science
16 109 (8.17%) Migration
17 108 (8.10%) OO
18 107 (8.02%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 410 (30.73%) Python
2 343 (25.71%) Java
3 264 (19.79%) JavaScript
4 250 (18.74%) SQL
5 165 (12.37%) C#
6 114 (8.55%) TypeScript
7 111 (8.32%) C++
8 69 (5.17%) Go
9 68 (5.10%) C
10 64 (4.80%) PowerShell
11 57 (4.27%) Ruby
12 56 (4.20%) Bash Shell
13 53 (3.97%) Shell Script
14 48 (3.60%) Perl
15 35 (2.62%) Kotlin
16 34 (2.55%) Scala
17 29 (2.17%) PHP
18 12 (0.90%) Apple Swift
18 12 (0.90%) Dart
19 9 (0.67%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 233 (17.47%) Degree
2 76 (5.70%) Computer Science Degree
3 57 (4.27%) Security Cleared
4 41 (3.07%) Master's Degree
5 34 (2.55%) SC Cleared
6 30 (2.25%) CISSP
7 29 (2.17%) CISM
8 26 (1.95%) PhD
9 21 (1.57%) AWS Certification
9 21 (1.57%) Microsoft Certification
10 19 (1.42%) CEH
11 17 (1.27%) MCSA
12 14 (1.05%) Cisco Certification
13 8 (0.60%) CCNA
13 8 (0.60%) CISA
13 8 (0.60%) SANS
14 7 (0.52%) EMC Certification
14 7 (0.52%) MCP
15 6 (0.45%) CompTIA Security+
15 6 (0.45%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 90 (6.75%) QA
2 41 (3.07%) GDPR
2 41 (3.07%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 28 (2.10%) Cyber Essentials
4 22 (1.65%) PCI DSS
5 18 (1.35%) SLA
6 14 (1.05%) NIST
7 9 (0.67%) Accessibility
8 8 (0.60%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 5 (0.37%) Data Quality
10 4 (0.30%) NCSC
11 3 (0.22%) COBIT
11 3 (0.22%) GxP
12 2 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 1 (0.075%) GRC
13 1 (0.075%) JSP 440
13 1 (0.075%) NIST 800
13 1 (0.075%) PMO
13 1 (0.075%) RMADS
13 1 (0.075%) SOC 2
System Software
1 293 (21.96%) Docker
2 120 (9.00%) Active Directory
3 60 (4.50%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (1.80%) Hyper-V
5 12 (0.90%) Virtual Desktop
6 10 (0.75%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 10 (0.75%) XenDesktop
7 9 (0.67%) VMware NSX
8 7 (0.52%) vSphere
9 5 (0.37%) KVM
10 3 (0.22%) Firmware
11 2 (0.15%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 1 (0.075%) HDFS
12 1 (0.075%) LXC
12 1 (0.075%) Microsoft App-V
12 1 (0.075%) Shibboleth
12 1 (0.075%) Virtual Machines
12 1 (0.075%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 349 (26.16%) Kubernetes
2 165 (12.37%) Terraform
3 129 (9.67%) Ansible
4 93 (6.97%) Puppet
5 39 (2.92%) Opscode Chef
6 37 (2.77%) Prometheus
7 32 (2.40%) Grafana
8 24 (1.80%) Rancher
9 23 (1.72%) FortiGate
10 20 (1.50%) SCCM
11 19 (1.42%) Nagios
12 17 (1.27%) Consul
13 13 (0.97%) Microsoft Intune
14 12 (0.90%) Salt
15 10 (0.75%) Packer
16 8 (0.60%) Kibana
17 6 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
17 6 (0.45%) logstash
17 6 (0.45%) QRadar
17 6 (0.45%) vRealize
Vendors
1 271 (20.31%) Microsoft
2 175 (13.12%) Google
3 99 (7.42%) Oracle
4 68 (5.10%) VMware
5 57 (4.27%) Cisco
6 55 (4.12%) Red Hat
7 34 (2.55%) IBM
8 30 (2.25%) Meraki
9 28 (2.10%) SolarWinds
10 26 (1.95%) Splunk
11 25 (1.87%) ServiceNow
12 24 (1.80%) Salesforce.com
13 20 (1.50%) Fortinet
14 17 (1.27%) Citrix
15 16 (1.20%) Palo Alto
16 15 (1.12%) SAP
17 12 (0.90%) Juniper
18 10 (0.75%) Cognizant
18 10 (0.75%) Dell
18 10 (0.75%) EMC