Period
to 15 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cloud Computing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 15 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cloud Computing
UK
6 months to
15 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 337 293 337
Rank change year-on-year -44 +44 +4
Permanent jobs citing Cloud Computing 821 1,024 1,415
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.91% 1.06% 0.98%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.19% 3.01% 3.45%
Number of salaries quoted 542 824 971
10th Percentile £35,510 £32,500 £35,250
25th Percentile £47,500 £43,750 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £63,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - -
75th Percentile £80,000 £82,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £96,250 £91,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% -9.09% +4.76%

Cloud Computing is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 37,521 33,981 41,023
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.44% 35.24% 28.37%
Number of salaries quoted 29,985 27,969 33,336
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,500
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £39,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £92,500 £93,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Cloud Computing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Computing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cloud Computing.

Salary trend for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cloud Computing over the 6 months to 15 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Cloud Computing in the UK

Cloud Computing
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing within the UK over the 6 months to 15 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -31 740 £65,000 +8.33% 150
UK excluding London +1 396 £55,000 +10.00% 133
London -23 370 £72,500 +3.57% 38
Work from Home -96 162 £70,000 +12.00% 34
South East +33 111 £65,000 - 30
North of England -31 84 £50,000 - 53
North West +9 59 £50,000 - 24
East of England +35 55 £57,500 +4.55% 9
South West -49 55 £52,500 +10.53% 11
Midlands -9 49 £47,500 +5.56% 9
West Midlands -6 37 £50,000 +11.11% 5
Scotland -10 36 £51,250 +28.13% 14
Yorkshire -30 17 £37,060 -17.65% 6
East Midlands -1 11 £30,000 -33.33% 4
North East 0 8 £50,000 +56.84% 23
Wales +12 6 £48,750 +30.00% 5
Northern Ireland - 2 £67,500 - 2

For the 6 months to 15 May 2021, IT jobs citing Cloud Computing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cloud Computing.

1 428 (52.13%) AWS
2 346 (42.14%) Azure
3 331 (40.32%) Agile Software Development
4 259 (31.55%) Python
5 231 (28.14%) DevOps
6 214 (26.07%) Social Skills
7 193 (23.51%) Software Engineering
8 192 (23.39%) Microsoft
9 190 (23.14%) Java
10 166 (20.22%) Linux
11 165 (20.10%) Kubernetes
12 156 (19.00%) Docker
13 149 (18.15%) SQL
14 145 (17.66%) Degree
15 130 (15.83%) GCP
16 129 (15.71%) JavaScript
17 127 (15.47%) Microservices
18 117 (14.25%) Finance
19 108 (13.15%) PaaS
20 107 (13.03%) Windows
21 105 (12.79%) REST
22 102 (12.42%) IaaS
23 101 (12.30%) SaaS
24 99 (12.06%) Continuous Integration
25 97 (11.81%) Problem-Solving
26 96 (11.69%) Big Data
27 95 (11.57%) Web Services
28 93 (11.33%) Computer Science
28 93 (11.33%) Terraform
29 90 (10.96%) Git (software)

Cloud Computing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (3.41%) Elasticsearch
2 25 (3.05%) Apache Spark
2 25 (3.05%) IIS
3 24 (2.92%) OpenStack
4 21 (2.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 14 (1.71%) Tomcat
6 12 (1.46%) Apache
6 12 (1.46%) BizTalk Server
6 12 (1.46%) SharePoint
7 11 (1.34%) MS Exchange
8 8 (0.97%) Apache Airflow
9 7 (0.85%) Cloud Foundry
10 5 (0.61%) JBoss
11 4 (0.49%) Confluence
11 4 (0.49%) nginx
12 3 (0.37%) CMS
12 3 (0.37%) Red Hat Fuse
13 2 (0.24%) Apache Pig
13 2 (0.24%) Apache Solr
13 2 (0.24%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 24 (2.92%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (2.31%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.61%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (0.61%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.49%) Microsoft Project
4 4 (0.49%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 6 (0.73%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.61%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 3 (0.37%) NetSuite
3 3 (0.37%) SAP S/4HANA
3 3 (0.37%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
4 2 (0.24%) Lawson
4 2 (0.24%) Odoo
4 2 (0.24%) SAP Business One
4 2 (0.24%) SAP CRM
4 2 (0.24%) SAP ERP
4 2 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.12%) JDE OneWorld
5 1 (0.12%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 428 (52.13%) AWS
2 346 (42.14%) Azure
3 130 (15.83%) GCP
4 108 (13.15%) PaaS
5 102 (12.42%) IaaS
6 101 (12.30%) SaaS
7 69 (8.40%) Microsoft 365
8 55 (6.70%) Serverless
9 38 (4.63%) Amazon S3
10 33 (4.02%) GitHub
11 30 (3.65%) Power Platform
12 29 (3.53%) Amazon EC2
13 28 (3.41%) AWS Lambda
13 28 (3.41%) IBM Cloud
14 21 (2.56%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 21 (2.56%) Azure Active Directory
15 18 (2.19%) AWS CloudFormation
16 17 (2.07%) OpenShift
17 16 (1.95%) Azure Service Bus
18 14 (1.71%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 59 (7.19%) Firewall
2 57 (6.94%) Internet
3 46 (5.60%) DNS
4 40 (4.87%) Network Security
5 37 (4.51%) TCP/IP
5 37 (4.51%) VPN
6 21 (2.56%) HTTP
7 17 (2.07%) MPLS
7 17 (2.07%) WAN
8 16 (1.95%) BGP
9 15 (1.83%) LAN
10 14 (1.71%) WAAS
11 13 (1.58%) DHCP
12 12 (1.46%) SAN
12 12 (1.46%) SMTP
12 12 (1.46%) SSL
13 10 (1.22%) FTP
13 10 (1.22%) Intrusion Detection
13 10 (1.22%) Software-Defined Networking
13 10 (1.22%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 96 (11.69%) Big Data
2 86 (10.48%) NoSQL
3 59 (7.19%) Relational Database
4 58 (7.06%) SQL Server
5 49 (5.97%) MySQL
6 42 (5.12%) Data Warehouse
7 40 (4.87%) MongoDB
8 31 (3.78%) PostgreSQL
9 25 (3.05%) Power BI
10 22 (2.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 21 (2.56%) Apache Cassandra
11 21 (2.56%) Hadoop
12 19 (2.31%) Amazon RDS
13 17 (2.07%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 16 (1.95%) OLTP
15 15 (1.83%) Amazon Redshift
15 15 (1.83%) Azure SQL Database
15 15 (1.83%) RDBMS
16 14 (1.71%) BigQuery
16 14 (1.71%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 90 (10.96%) Git (software)
2 68 (8.28%) Jenkins
3 50 (6.09%) GitLab
4 27 (3.29%) JIRA
5 21 (2.56%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 16 (1.95%) TeamCity
7 14 (1.71%) Selenium
8 11 (1.34%) Cypress.io
8 11 (1.34%) webpack
9 10 (1.22%) GoCD
9 10 (1.22%) JMeter
10 8 (0.97%) Postman
10 8 (0.97%) Visual Studio Team System
11 6 (0.73%) Artifactory
11 6 (0.73%) Subversion
11 6 (0.73%) Visual Studio
12 5 (0.61%) Gradle
12 5 (0.61%) LoadRunner
12 5 (0.61%) Maven
12 5 (0.61%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 214 (26.07%) Social Skills
2 117 (14.25%) Finance
3 66 (8.04%) Analytical Skills
4 53 (6.46%) Public Sector
5 43 (5.24%) Banking
6 42 (5.12%) Marketing
7 34 (4.14%) Law
8 26 (3.17%) Telecoms
9 25 (3.05%) Legal
10 24 (2.92%) Presentation Skills
11 21 (2.56%) Retail
12 16 (1.95%) Documentation Skills
13 15 (1.83%) Influencing Skills
14 14 (1.71%) Games
15 12 (1.46%) Electronics
15 12 (1.46%) Manufacturing
16 11 (1.34%) Private Banking
17 7 (0.85%) Automotive
17 7 (0.85%) Local Government
17 7 (0.85%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 138 (16.81%) Developer
2 97 (11.81%) Architect
3 91 (11.08%) Software Engineer
4 61 (7.43%) Analyst
5 60 (7.31%) DevOps Engineer
6 58 (7.06%) Cloud Engineer
7 47 (5.72%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 35 (4.26%) Cloud Architect
8 35 (4.26%) Consultant
9 34 (4.14%) Senior Developer
9 34 (4.14%) Solutions Architect
10 28 (3.41%) Full Stack Developer
10 28 (3.41%) Java Developer
11 27 (3.29%) Data Engineer
11 27 (3.29%) Python Engineer
12 26 (3.17%) Security Analyst
13 24 (2.92%) Cloud Developer
14 23 (2.80%) Azure Engineer
14 23 (2.80%) Senior DevOps
14 23 (2.80%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 105 (12.79%) REST
2 95 (11.57%) Web Services
3 72 (8.77%) .NET
4 66 (8.04%) Kafka
5 65 (7.92%) Node.js
6 64 (7.80%) React
7 54 (6.58%) CSS
8 50 (6.09%) Spring
9 48 (5.85%) HTML
10 40 (4.87%) RESTful
11 38 (4.63%) AngularJS
12 32 (3.90%) .NET Core
13 31 (3.78%) Spring Boot
14 28 (3.41%) XML
15 27 (3.29%) SOAP
16 25 (3.05%) Elastic Stack
17 23 (2.80%) RabbitMQ
18 22 (2.68%) GraphQL
19 20 (2.44%) .NET Framework
20 19 (2.31%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 57 (6.94%) Data Centre
2 45 (5.48%) User Experience
3 41 (4.99%) Management Information System
4 39 (4.75%) Algorithms
5 32 (3.90%) Cloud Native
5 32 (3.90%) Enterprise Software
6 29 (3.53%) Public Cloud
7 28 (3.41%) Greenfield Project
7 28 (3.41%) Mobile App
8 24 (2.92%) Data Structures
8 24 (2.92%) Hybrid Cloud
9 22 (2.68%) Enterprise Cloud
10 18 (2.19%) Internet of Things
11 14 (1.71%) NHS
12 11 (1.34%) Driving Licence
12 11 (1.34%) Self-Motivation
12 11 (1.34%) Video Conferencing
13 10 (1.22%) CMDB
14 9 (1.10%) Blog
14 9 (1.10%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 166 (20.22%) Linux
2 107 (13.03%) Windows
3 51 (6.21%) Windows Server
4 41 (4.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 28 (3.41%) Unix
6 24 (2.92%) CentOS
7 23 (2.80%) Windows 10
8 10 (1.22%) Ubuntu
9 9 (1.10%) Android
10 7 (0.85%) SUSE
10 7 (0.85%) VMS
11 6 (0.73%) Apple iOS
11 6 (0.73%) Mac OS
11 6 (0.73%) Windows 7
12 4 (0.49%) Debian
12 4 (0.49%) Oracle Linux
13 3 (0.37%) Nucleus RTOS
13 3 (0.37%) Windows Server 2016
14 2 (0.24%) Windows 8
14 2 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 331 (40.32%) Agile Software Development
2 231 (28.14%) DevOps
3 193 (23.51%) Software Engineering
4 127 (15.47%) Microservices
5 99 (12.06%) Continuous Integration
6 97 (11.81%) Problem-Solving
7 93 (11.33%) Computer Science
8 77 (9.38%) Analytics
9 75 (9.14%) Configuration Management
9 75 (9.14%) OO
10 74 (9.01%) Open Source
11 69 (8.40%) Machine Learning
11 69 (8.40%) Mentoring
11 69 (8.40%) Test Automation
12 66 (8.04%) Business Intelligence
12 66 (8.04%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 64 (7.80%) SOA
14 63 (7.67%) ITIL
15 61 (7.43%) Migration
15 61 (7.43%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 259 (31.55%) Python
2 190 (23.14%) Java
3 149 (18.15%) SQL
4 129 (15.71%) JavaScript
5 87 (10.60%) C#
6 75 (9.14%) Go
7 69 (8.40%) PowerShell
8 63 (7.67%) Ruby
9 48 (5.85%) Bash Shell
10 43 (5.24%) C++
11 38 (4.63%) TypeScript
12 37 (4.51%) PHP
13 26 (3.17%) C
14 21 (2.56%) Java 8
15 19 (2.31%) R
16 16 (1.95%) Scala
17 11 (1.34%) ES6
18 8 (0.97%) Groovy
18 8 (0.97%) T-SQL
19 7 (0.85%) Perl
Qualifications
1 145 (17.66%) Degree
2 61 (7.43%) Security Cleared
3 53 (6.46%) Computer Science Degree
4 45 (5.48%) SC Cleared
5 36 (4.38%) CISM
5 36 (4.38%) CISSP
5 36 (4.38%) Master's Degree
6 32 (3.90%) CISA
7 19 (2.31%) AWS Certification
7 19 (2.31%) Cisco Certification
8 15 (1.83%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
8 15 (1.83%) Microsoft Certification
8 15 (1.83%) RHCSA
9 13 (1.58%) RHCE
10 9 (1.10%) CEH
11 8 (0.97%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 8 (0.97%) CCNP
11 8 (0.97%) CCSP
11 8 (0.97%) ITIL Certification
11 8 (0.97%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 59 (7.19%) QA
2 39 (4.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 24 (2.92%) HIPAA
4 22 (2.68%) NIST
5 21 (2.56%) GRC
6 14 (1.71%) 21 CFR Part 11
6 14 (1.71%) ITGC
6 14 (1.71%) SLA
7 11 (1.34%) GDPR
7 11 (1.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 10 (1.22%) COBIT
9 8 (0.97%) Cyber Essentials
10 7 (0.85%) PMBOK
11 5 (0.61%) PCI DSS
12 4 (0.49%) SOC 2
13 3 (0.37%) Data Quality
13 3 (0.37%) NCSC
14 2 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 1 (0.12%) IEC 62304
15 1 (0.12%) PMO
System Software
1 156 (19.00%) Docker
2 69 (8.40%) Active Directory
3 54 (6.58%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (2.07%) Hyper-V
5 16 (1.95%) KVM
6 12 (1.46%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (1.22%) vSphere
8 5 (0.61%) Virtual Desktop
8 5 (0.61%) VMware NSX
9 4 (0.49%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 4 (0.49%) BitLocker
9 4 (0.49%) Microsoft App-V
9 4 (0.49%) Virtual Servers
10 3 (0.37%) Firmware
10 3 (0.37%) HDFS
10 3 (0.37%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 3 (0.37%) XenApp
10 3 (0.37%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.12%) NFS
11 1 (0.12%) Samba
Systems Management
1 165 (20.10%) Kubernetes
2 93 (11.33%) Terraform
3 74 (9.01%) Ansible
4 33 (4.02%) Puppet
5 28 (3.41%) Prometheus
6 21 (2.56%) Grafana
7 16 (1.95%) Packer
8 15 (1.83%) Consul
8 15 (1.83%) Docker Swarm
8 15 (1.83%) Graphite
8 15 (1.83%) Rancher
9 13 (1.58%) SCCM
10 11 (1.34%) Nessus
11 10 (1.22%) Opscode Chef
11 10 (1.22%) Rundeck
12 8 (0.97%) vCenter Server
12 8 (0.97%) vRealize
13 7 (0.85%) OpenVAS
14 6 (0.73%) FortiGate
15 5 (0.61%) Kibana
Vendors
1 192 (23.39%) Microsoft
2 82 (9.99%) Google
3 63 (7.67%) Oracle
3 63 (7.67%) VMware
4 41 (4.99%) IBM
5 34 (4.14%) Red Hat
6 20 (2.44%) Cisco
7 16 (1.95%) SAP
8 12 (1.46%) SolarWinds
8 12 (1.46%) Splunk
9 9 (1.10%) Citrix
10 8 (0.97%) Atlassian
10 8 (0.97%) F5
11 7 (0.85%) Palo Alto
11 7 (0.85%) Salesforce.com
11 7 (0.85%) ServiceNow
12 6 (0.73%) Informatica
12 6 (0.73%) MicroStrategy
12 6 (0.73%) Remedy
12 6 (0.73%) TIBCO