Period
to 8 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 8 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
8 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 126 114 124
Rank change year-on-year -12 +10 -1
Permanent jobs citing Selenium 3,493 4,544 4,908
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.63% 2.86% 2.73%
As % of the Development Applications category 13.74% 14.34% 13.54%
Number of salaries quoted 2,780 3,602 4,164
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £47,500
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £68,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £43,000
% change year-on-year - +4.65% +1.18%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 25,416 31,688 36,260
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.12% 19.94% 20.17%
Number of salaries quoted 20,203 25,493 29,555
UK median annual salary £53,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Selenium.

Salary trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 8 December 2019.

Salary histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 8 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -10 3,260 £50,000 +3.09% 430
UK excluding London -2 2,229 £45,000 - 357
London -40 1,201 £60,000 - 108
South East +22 723 £47,500 +5.56% 78
North of England +7 615 £42,500 - 120
North West -2 295 £42,500 +6.25% 60
Yorkshire 0 286 £45,000 +1.12% 48
South West +6 275 £45,000 -4.26% 44
Midlands -6 244 £41,000 -5.75% 53
East of England +24 177 £52,500 +16.67% 28
East Midlands +11 123 £42,500 -1.16% 24
Scotland -27 116 £40,000 -8.05% 23
West Midlands -38 116 £40,000 -11.11% 29
Wales +1 80 £45,000 +12.50% 9
North East -5 33 £35,272 -17.01% 12
Northern Ireland -3 8 £33,500 -16.25% 3

For the 6 months to 8 December 2019, IT jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 2,817 (80.65%) Test Automation
2 2,305 (65.99%) Agile Software Development
3 1,605 (45.95%) Java
4 1,354 (38.76%) C#
5 1,285 (36.79%) QA
6 1,149 (32.89%) Cucumber
7 1,055 (30.20%) Scrum
8 996 (28.51%) BDD
9 962 (27.54%) JavaScript
10 944 (27.03%) WebDriver
11 874 (25.02%) SQL
12 832 (23.82%) Jenkins
13 815 (23.33%) TDD
14 809 (23.16%) JIRA
15 735 (21.04%) DevOps
16 678 (19.41%) Continuous Integration
17 649 (18.58%) Python
18 584 (16.72%) Git (software)
19 582 (16.66%) Azure
20 581 (16.63%) .NET
21 573 (16.40%) Finance
22 554 (15.86%) SpecFlow
23 524 (15.00%) Software Testing
24 466 (13.34%) Manual Testing
25 456 (13.05%) API Testing
26 455 (13.03%) AWS
27 448 (12.83%) Test Scripting
28 442 (12.65%) Docker
29 406 (11.62%) Microsoft
30 400 (11.45%) REST

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 287 (8.22%) Confluence
2 57 (1.63%) Elasticsearch
3 44 (1.26%) WebSphere
4 42 (1.20%) JBoss
5 33 (0.94%) SharePoint
6 30 (0.86%) Apache
7 29 (0.83%) CMS
7 29 (0.83%) IIS
8 28 (0.80%) Tomcat
9 22 (0.63%) BizTalk Server
10 20 (0.57%) Cloud Foundry
11 19 (0.54%) Apache Spark
12 15 (0.43%) Apache TomEE
12 15 (0.43%) Sitecore CMS
13 14 (0.40%) nginx
13 14 (0.40%) WebSphere Application Server
14 11 (0.31%) MQSeries
15 10 (0.29%) GlassFish
15 10 (0.29%) Umbraco
15 10 (0.29%) WordPress
Applications
1 56 (1.60%) Microsoft Office
2 20 (0.57%) Microsoft Project
3 16 (0.46%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.31%) Chatbot
5 7 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
6 3 (0.086%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.029%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 56 (1.60%) Payment Gateway
2 31 (0.89%) Dynamics CRM
3 18 (0.52%) SAP ERP
4 9 (0.26%) SDL Web 8
5 6 (0.17%) Magento
5 6 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
6 4 (0.11%) FastStats
7 2 (0.057%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.057%) Odoo
7 2 (0.057%) Oracle 11i
7 2 (0.057%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.029%) Aareon QL
8 1 (0.029%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.029%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.029%) Revive Adserver
8 1 (0.029%) SAP EWM
8 1 (0.029%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 582 (16.66%) Azure
2 455 (13.03%) AWS
3 146 (4.18%) GitHub
4 110 (3.15%) SaaS
5 104 (2.98%) GCP
6 99 (2.83%) BrowserStack
7 48 (1.37%) AWS CloudFormation
7 48 (1.37%) Serverless
8 46 (1.32%) PaaS
9 43 (1.23%) Office 365
10 42 (1.20%) G Suite
11 40 (1.15%) Sauce Labs
12 39 (1.12%) OpenShift
13 36 (1.03%) Slack
14 34 (0.97%) AWS Lambda
15 28 (0.80%) IaaS
16 24 (0.69%) Amazon SQS
17 23 (0.66%) CloudBees
18 21 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
19 19 (0.54%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 52 (1.49%) HTTP
2 21 (0.60%) DNS
3 19 (0.54%) TCP/IP
4 17 (0.49%) SNMP
5 16 (0.46%) Firewall
5 16 (0.46%) SSH
6 15 (0.43%) Internet
7 14 (0.40%) Wireshark
8 10 (0.29%) MPLS
9 7 (0.20%) SSL
10 6 (0.17%) Skype
10 6 (0.17%) VoIP
11 5 (0.14%) DSL
11 5 (0.14%) FTP
11 5 (0.14%) MQTT
11 5 (0.14%) SMTP
12 4 (0.11%) DHCP
12 4 (0.11%) Network Security
12 4 (0.11%) VLAN
13 3 (0.086%) PuTTY
Database & Business Intelligence
1 383 (10.96%) SQL Server
2 162 (4.64%) MySQL
3 153 (4.38%) MongoDB
4 110 (3.15%) PostgreSQL
5 104 (2.98%) Relational Database
6 99 (2.83%) NoSQL
7 77 (2.20%) Redis
8 57 (1.63%) Big Data
9 47 (1.35%) Hadoop
10 40 (1.15%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 39 (1.12%) SQL Server 2012
12 30 (0.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 26 (0.74%) Data Warehouse
14 25 (0.72%) RDBMS
15 23 (0.66%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 23 (0.66%) SQL Server 2016
16 22 (0.63%) Apache Cassandra
16 22 (0.63%) SQL Server 2014
17 18 (0.52%) Amazon RDS
18 17 (0.49%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,149 (32.89%) Cucumber
2 944 (27.03%) WebDriver
3 832 (23.82%) Jenkins
4 809 (23.16%) JIRA
5 584 (16.72%) Git (software)
6 554 (15.86%) SpecFlow
7 397 (11.37%) Postman
8 388 (11.11%) JMeter
9 371 (10.62%) SoapUI
10 345 (9.88%) JUnit
11 305 (8.73%) Maven
12 278 (7.96%) Appium
13 267 (7.64%) Team Foundation Server
14 186 (5.32%) TeamCity
15 169 (4.84%) REST Assured
16 160 (4.58%) NUnit
16 160 (4.58%) Visual Studio
17 150 (4.29%) HP UFT
18 148 (4.24%) Protractor
19 138 (3.95%) Bitbucket
General
1 573 (16.40%) Finance
2 219 (6.27%) Retail
3 206 (5.90%) Banking
4 93 (2.66%) Public Sector
5 86 (2.46%) Marketing
6 79 (2.26%) Games
7 68 (1.95%) Telecoms
8 50 (1.43%) Manufacturing
9 26 (0.74%) Electronics
10 22 (0.63%) Automotive
10 22 (0.63%) Legal
11 18 (0.52%) Advertising
12 16 (0.46%) Aerospace
12 16 (0.46%) Financial Institution
13 15 (0.43%) Law
14 10 (0.29%) Investment Banking
15 8 (0.23%) Retail Finance
16 5 (0.14%) Front Office
17 3 (0.086%) Back Office
18 2 (0.057%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 734 (21.01%) Developer
2 618 (17.69%) Test Engineer
3 556 (15.92%) Analyst
4 481 (13.77%) Tester
5 432 (12.37%) Test Analyst
6 379 (10.85%) QA Engineer
7 353 (10.11%) Test Automation Engineer
8 310 (8.87%) Automation Tester
9 224 (6.41%) Developer in Test
10 212 (6.07%) Automation Test Analyst
11 197 (5.64%) Software Developer
12 182 (5.21%) Senior Developer
13 178 (5.10%) Software Engineer
14 169 (4.84%) Automation Engineer
15 167 (4.78%) Java Developer
16 157 (4.49%) Senior Test Engineer
17 153 (4.38%) QA Analyst
18 146 (4.18%) Test Leader
19 145 (4.15%) QA Automation Engineer
20 141 (4.04%) Software Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 581 (16.63%) .NET
2 400 (11.45%) REST
3 385 (11.02%) HTML
4 384 (10.99%) CSS
5 382 (10.94%) Web Services
6 345 (9.88%) AngularJS
7 330 (9.45%) Gherkin
8 283 (8.10%) RESTful
9 261 (7.47%) React
10 259 (7.41%) Spring
11 238 (6.81%) SOAP
12 220 (6.30%) Node.js
13 179 (5.12%) XML
14 168 (4.81%) jQuery
14 168 (4.81%) JSON
15 140 (4.01%) .NET Framework
16 137 (3.92%) ASP.NET
17 122 (3.49%) HTML5
18 110 (3.15%) .NET Core
19 109 (3.12%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 246 (7.04%) Mobile App
2 202 (5.78%) Analytical Skills
3 168 (4.81%) User Experience
4 147 (4.21%) Greenfield Project
5 62 (1.77%) Self-Motivation
6 48 (1.37%) Algorithms
7 43 (1.23%) Public Cloud
8 34 (0.97%) Data Structures
9 30 (0.86%) Cloud Native
10 29 (0.83%) Online Gambling
11 28 (0.80%) Enterprise Software
12 24 (0.69%) Life Science
12 24 (0.69%) Management Information System
13 23 (0.66%) Robotics
13 23 (0.66%) Virtual Team
14 22 (0.63%) Hybrid Cloud
14 22 (0.63%) Linux Command Line
15 21 (0.60%) PKI
16 20 (0.57%) Renewable Energy
16 20 (0.57%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 248 (7.10%) Linux
2 168 (4.81%) Windows
3 146 (4.18%) Android
4 141 (4.04%) Apple iOS
5 107 (3.06%) Unix
6 15 (0.43%) zOS
7 13 (0.37%) CentOS
7 13 (0.37%) CoreOS
7 13 (0.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 11 (0.31%) Robot Operating System
9 10 (0.29%) Mac OS
10 9 (0.26%) Embedded Linux
10 9 (0.26%) Windows Server
11 6 (0.17%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.14%) Debian
13 2 (0.057%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.057%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,817 (80.65%) Test Automation
2 2,305 (65.99%) Agile Software Development
3 1,055 (30.20%) Scrum
4 996 (28.51%) BDD
5 815 (23.33%) TDD
6 735 (21.04%) DevOps
7 678 (19.41%) Continuous Integration
8 524 (15.00%) Software Testing
9 466 (13.34%) Manual Testing
10 456 (13.05%) API Testing
11 448 (12.83%) Test Scripting
12 399 (11.42%) SDLC
13 388 (11.11%) Test Strategy
14 356 (10.19%) Mentoring
15 355 (10.16%) SDET
16 350 (10.02%) Software Engineering
17 341 (9.76%) Regression Testing
18 338 (9.68%) Functional Testing
19 317 (9.08%) Performance Testing
20 288 (8.25%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,605 (45.95%) Java
2 1,354 (38.76%) C#
3 962 (27.54%) JavaScript
4 874 (25.02%) SQL
5 649 (18.58%) Python
6 269 (7.70%) Ruby
7 135 (3.86%) Java 8
8 125 (3.58%) C++
9 91 (2.61%) Bash Shell
10 88 (2.52%) PowerShell
11 87 (2.49%) PHP
12 86 (2.46%) TypeScript
13 70 (2.00%) Scala
14 69 (1.98%) C
15 65 (1.86%) Shell Script
16 64 (1.83%) Groovy
17 56 (1.60%) ES6
18 52 (1.49%) Go
19 43 (1.23%) T-SQL
20 37 (1.06%) ES7
Qualifications
1 355 (10.16%) ISTQB
2 315 (9.02%) Degree
3 234 (6.70%) ISEB
4 155 (4.44%) Security Cleared
5 143 (4.09%) Computer Science Degree
6 99 (2.83%) SC Cleared
7 93 (2.66%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 44 (1.26%) DV Cleared
9 23 (0.66%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 13 (0.37%) PMI Certification
11 12 (0.34%) MCP
12 8 (0.23%) AWS Certification
13 6 (0.17%) HNC
14 5 (0.14%) ISEB Practitioner
15 4 (0.11%) CISSP
15 4 (0.11%) HND
15 4 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
15 4 (0.11%) PMP
16 3 (0.086%) Master's Degree
17 1 (0.029%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,285 (36.79%) QA
2 25 (0.72%) Data Quality
3 12 (0.34%) GDPR
4 6 (0.17%) PMO
4 6 (0.17%) WCAG
5 2 (0.057%) GAMP
5 2 (0.057%) NCSC
System Software
1 442 (12.65%) Docker
2 21 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
3 14 (0.40%) Hyper-V
4 6 (0.17%) vSphere
5 5 (0.14%) KVM
5 5 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.14%) Xen
6 4 (0.11%) iptables
6 4 (0.11%) NFS
6 4 (0.11%) QEMU
7 3 (0.086%) ACF2
7 3 (0.086%) RACF
8 2 (0.057%) IAG
9 1 (0.029%) Active Directory
9 1 (0.029%) Firmware
9 1 (0.029%) HDFS
9 1 (0.029%) oVirt
Systems Management
1 166 (4.75%) Kubernetes
2 132 (3.78%) Puppet
3 127 (3.64%) Ansible
4 124 (3.55%) HP Quality Center
5 91 (2.61%) Terraform
6 80 (2.29%) Opscode Chef
7 43 (1.23%) Marathon
7 43 (1.23%) Mesos
8 35 (1.00%) Packer
9 34 (0.97%) Nagios
10 32 (0.92%) ZABBIX
11 31 (0.89%) HP ALM
12 28 (0.80%) Graphite
13 23 (0.66%) Kibana
14 21 (0.60%) HP SiteScope
15 19 (0.54%) Prometheus
16 18 (0.52%) Grafana
17 17 (0.49%) Istio
18 16 (0.46%) CA Service Virtualization
19 13 (0.37%) Automic
Vendors
1 406 (11.62%) Microsoft
2 122 (3.49%) Oracle
3 115 (3.29%) HP
4 102 (2.92%) Google
5 86 (2.46%) SAP
6 68 (1.95%) WorldPay
7 47 (1.35%) Splunk
8 42 (1.20%) Atlassian
9 38 (1.09%) Sitecore
10 36 (1.03%) IBM
10 36 (1.03%) New Relic
11 31 (0.89%) Xamarin
12 30 (0.86%) Perforce
13 26 (0.74%) AppDynamics
13 26 (0.74%) VMware
14 24 (0.69%) Teradata
15 22 (0.63%) CA
15 22 (0.63%) FIS
15 22 (0.63%) SaltStack
16 19 (0.54%) CA Agile Central