Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 137 132 120
Rank change year-on-year -5 -12 -13
Permanent jobs citing Selenium 1,959 2,908 4,157
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.37% 2.56% 2.79%
As % of the Development Applications category 11.97% 13.24% 14.03%
Number of salaries quoted 1,649 2,368 3,369
10th Percentile £36,250 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £39,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +1.06%
75th Percentile £66,000 £63,750 £62,500
90th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +7.78% - +4.65%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 16,368 21,958 29,639
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.83% 19.34% 19.90%
Number of salaries quoted 12,997 17,503 23,737
10th Percentile £35,750 £33,750 £32,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Salary trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 1,714 £52,500 +5.00% 199
UK excluding London -32 1,104 £48,500 +7.78% 137
London +40 763 £62,500 +2.46% 77
South East +3 407 £50,000 +5.26% 42
Work from Home -18 282 £50,000 - 33
North of England -74 227 £45,000 - 32
South West -48 136 £50,000 +11.11% 22
Yorkshire -38 111 £47,500 +6.74% 12
Scotland 0 103 £45,000 +5.88% 9
Midlands -51 96 £45,000 +5.88% 13
North West -76 93 £46,250 +2.78% 13
West Midlands +4 80 £45,000 +5.88% 11
East of England +13 62 £55,000 +10.00% 12
Wales +1 46 £45,000 - 4
North East +3 23 £42,500 +6.25% 7
Isle of Man - 15 £49,500 -
East Midlands -44 14 £42,500 - 2
Northern Ireland +9 12 £37,500 +7.14% 3

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 1,579 (80.60%) Test Automation
2 1,142 (58.30%) Agile Software Development
3 862 (44.00%) C#
4 851 (43.44%) QA
5 783 (39.97%) Java
6 670 (34.20%) BDD
7 651 (33.23%) JavaScript
8 603 (30.78%) Cucumber
9 552 (28.18%) DevOps
10 542 (27.67%) TDD
11 529 (27.00%) SQL
12 515 (26.29%) Software Testing
13 497 (25.37%) Azure
14 414 (21.13%) Jenkins
15 412 (21.03%) WebDriver
16 392 (20.01%) .NET
17 369 (18.84%) SDET
18 365 (18.63%) AWS
19 356 (18.17%) Finance
19 356 (18.17%) SpecFlow
20 351 (17.92%) Scrum
21 331 (16.90%) Python
21 331 (16.90%) Git (software)
22 313 (15.98%) JIRA
22 313 (15.98%) Docker
23 302 (15.42%) API Testing
24 295 (15.06%) Postman
25 276 (14.09%) Continuous Integration
26 262 (13.37%) Microservices
27 252 (12.86%) Gherkin

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 123 (6.28%) Confluence
2 38 (1.94%) JBoss
3 21 (1.07%) Apache
4 20 (1.02%) Elasticsearch
5 16 (0.82%) Tomcat
6 14 (0.71%) CMS
6 14 (0.71%) WebLogic
7 12 (0.61%) SharePoint
8 8 (0.41%) NServiceBus
9 7 (0.36%) Headless CMS
10 6 (0.31%) Cloud Foundry
11 5 (0.26%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 5 (0.26%) GemFire
12 4 (0.20%) Apache Spark
12 4 (0.20%) nginx
13 3 (0.15%) MQSeries
13 3 (0.15%) WebSphere
14 2 (0.10%) Drupal
14 2 (0.10%) IBM Domino
14 2 (0.10%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 41 (2.09%) InVision
2 30 (1.53%) Sketch
3 19 (0.97%) Microsoft Office
4 10 (0.51%) Microsoft Excel
5 9 (0.46%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 3 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 5 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
2 4 (0.20%) Temenos T24
3 3 (0.15%) Magento
4 2 (0.10%) NetSuite
4 2 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.10%) Oracle Payables
4 2 (0.10%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.051%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.051%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.051%) SAP HCM
Cloud Services
1 497 (25.37%) Azure
2 365 (18.63%) AWS
3 78 (3.98%) BrowserStack
3 78 (3.98%) GCP
4 69 (3.52%) SaaS
5 58 (2.96%) Serverless
6 46 (2.35%) GitHub
7 38 (1.94%) AWS Lambda
8 27 (1.38%) PaaS
9 26 (1.33%) Amazon SQS
9 26 (1.33%) AWS CloudFormation
10 20 (1.02%) npm
11 17 (0.87%) Amazon S3
12 15 (0.77%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 15 (0.77%) AWS CodePipeline
13 14 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
14 13 (0.66%) Amazon Kinesis
14 13 (0.66%) Slack
15 12 (0.61%) Amazon EC2
15 12 (0.61%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 43 (2.19%) Skype
2 33 (1.68%) HTTP
3 15 (0.77%) TCP/IP
4 8 (0.41%) SSL
5 7 (0.36%) Internet
6 6 (0.31%) DNS
6 6 (0.31%) H.323
6 6 (0.31%) Intranet
6 6 (0.31%) Network Security
6 6 (0.31%) Wireshark
7 5 (0.26%) Calico
7 5 (0.26%) SSH
8 4 (0.20%) Firewall
8 4 (0.20%) FTP
8 4 (0.20%) Reverse Proxy
8 4 (0.20%) VLAN
9 3 (0.15%) DHCP
9 3 (0.15%) PuTTY
10 2 (0.10%) Ethernet
10 2 (0.10%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 190 (9.70%) SQL Server
2 133 (6.79%) NoSQL
3 96 (4.90%) MongoDB
4 75 (3.83%) MySQL
5 61 (3.11%) Redis
6 43 (2.19%) PostgreSQL
7 36 (1.84%) Relational Database
8 23 (1.17%) Big Data
9 22 (1.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 18 (0.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 17 (0.87%) Blockchain
12 14 (0.71%) SQL Server 2012
13 13 (0.66%) Azure SQL Database
13 13 (0.66%) SQL Server 2016
14 12 (0.61%) Hadoop
14 12 (0.61%) Oracle Database
15 10 (0.51%) RDBMS
16 8 (0.41%) Apache Cassandra
16 8 (0.41%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 7 (0.36%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 603 (30.78%) Cucumber
2 414 (21.13%) Jenkins
3 412 (21.03%) WebDriver
4 356 (18.17%) SpecFlow
5 331 (16.90%) Git (software)
6 313 (15.98%) JIRA
7 295 (15.06%) Postman
8 227 (11.59%) JMeter
9 222 (11.33%) Appium
10 186 (9.49%) Cypress.io
11 146 (7.45%) SoapUI
12 111 (5.67%) JUnit
12 111 (5.67%) Visual Studio
13 108 (5.51%) NUnit
14 101 (5.16%) Maven
15 99 (5.05%) TeamCity
16 98 (5.00%) Team Foundation Server
17 94 (4.80%) Protractor
18 74 (3.78%) REST Assured
19 72 (3.68%) MSTest
General
1 356 (18.17%) Finance
2 112 (5.72%) Banking
3 95 (4.85%) Marketing
4 50 (2.55%) Public Sector
5 35 (1.79%) Law
6 33 (1.68%) Retail
7 24 (1.23%) Games
8 23 (1.17%) Advertising
9 16 (0.82%) Telecoms
10 14 (0.71%) Automotive
11 13 (0.66%) Legal
12 12 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
13 9 (0.46%) Investment Banking
14 8 (0.41%) Electronics
14 8 (0.41%) Manufacturing
15 6 (0.31%) Financial Institution
15 6 (0.31%) Retail Banking
16 4 (0.20%) Billing
16 4 (0.20%) Brand Awareness
17 2 (0.10%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 413 (21.08%) Developer
2 357 (18.22%) Tester
3 354 (18.07%) Test Engineer
4 295 (15.06%) QA Engineer
5 256 (13.07%) Automation Tester
6 197 (10.06%) Analyst
7 180 (9.19%) Test Automation Engineer
8 170 (8.68%) Software Developer
9 169 (8.63%) Test Analyst
10 152 (7.76%) Automation Engineer
11 122 (6.23%) Developer in Test
12 118 (6.02%) QA Automation Engineer
13 103 (5.26%) Software Engineer
14 98 (5.00%) Test Leader
15 97 (4.95%) Senior Test Engineer
16 96 (4.90%) Automation Test Analyst
17 87 (4.44%) Software Test Engineer
18 77 (3.93%) QA Analyst
19 76 (3.88%) QA Leader
20 72 (3.68%) Automation Test Lead
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 392 (20.01%) .NET
2 252 (12.86%) Gherkin
3 222 (11.33%) React
4 196 (10.01%) REST
5 168 (8.58%) HTML
6 164 (8.37%) RESTful
7 163 (8.32%) .NET Core
8 161 (8.22%) CSS
9 138 (7.04%) AngularJS
10 127 (6.48%) .NET Framework
11 125 (6.38%) Node.js
12 118 (6.02%) SOAP
13 108 (5.51%) Web Services
14 99 (5.05%) Spring
15 98 (5.00%) Vue.js
16 93 (4.75%) HTML5
17 85 (4.34%) JSON
18 71 (3.62%) Redux
19 65 (3.32%) jQuery
20 59 (3.01%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 168 (8.58%) Mobile App
2 108 (5.51%) Analytical Skills
3 65 (3.32%) User Experience
4 63 (3.22%) Enterprise Software
5 61 (3.11%) EPoS
6 49 (2.50%) Management Information System
7 34 (1.74%) Self-Motivation
8 24 (1.23%) Greenfield Project
9 21 (1.07%) Social Network
10 20 (1.02%) Cyberthreat
11 18 (0.92%) Video on Demand
12 12 (0.61%) Linux Command Line
13 11 (0.56%) LIMS
13 11 (0.56%) N-Tier
13 11 (0.56%) Public Cloud
14 10 (0.51%) Data Structures
14 10 (0.51%) NHS
15 9 (0.46%) Cloud Native
15 9 (0.46%) Replication
16 8 (0.41%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 130 (6.64%) Linux
2 78 (3.98%) Android
3 70 (3.57%) Apple iOS
4 53 (2.71%) Windows
5 52 (2.65%) Unix
6 7 (0.36%) Debian
7 4 (0.20%) CentOS
7 4 (0.20%) Windows Server
8 2 (0.10%) Amazon Linux
8 2 (0.10%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.10%) VMS
9 1 (0.051%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,579 (80.60%) Test Automation
2 1,142 (58.30%) Agile Software Development
3 670 (34.20%) BDD
4 552 (28.18%) DevOps
5 542 (27.67%) TDD
6 515 (26.29%) Software Testing
7 369 (18.84%) SDET
8 351 (17.92%) Scrum
9 302 (15.42%) API Testing
10 276 (14.09%) Continuous Integration
11 262 (13.37%) Microservices
12 241 (12.30%) SDLC
13 221 (11.28%) Mentoring
14 213 (10.87%) Test Scripting
15 208 (10.62%) Test Strategy
16 205 (10.46%) Fintech
17 194 (9.90%) Regression Testing
18 187 (9.55%) Software Engineering
19 175 (8.93%) Problem-Solving
20 161 (8.22%) Performance Testing
Programming Languages
1 862 (44.00%) C#
2 783 (39.97%) Java
3 651 (33.23%) JavaScript
4 529 (27.00%) SQL
5 331 (16.90%) Python
6 167 (8.52%) TypeScript
7 87 (4.44%) Ruby
8 58 (2.96%) Scala
9 50 (2.55%) PHP
10 42 (2.14%) PowerShell
11 38 (1.94%) Bash Shell
12 36 (1.84%) Go
13 34 (1.74%) Java 8
14 32 (1.63%) C++
14 32 (1.63%) ES6
15 29 (1.48%) Kotlin
16 28 (1.43%) ES7
17 27 (1.38%) Groovy
17 27 (1.38%) T-SQL
18 22 (1.12%) Perl
Qualifications
1 198 (10.11%) Degree
2 196 (10.01%) ISTQB
3 114 (5.82%) ISEB
4 109 (5.56%) Security Cleared
5 102 (5.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 93 (4.75%) Computer Science Degree
7 79 (4.03%) SC Cleared
8 55 (2.81%) DV Cleared
9 21 (1.07%) SANS
10 11 (0.56%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 9 (0.46%) HND
12 7 (0.36%) ISEB Practitioner
13 6 (0.31%) CFA
13 6 (0.31%) HNC
14 5 (0.26%) OCP
14 5 (0.26%) Oracle Certification
15 4 (0.20%) BPSS Clearance
16 2 (0.10%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 2 (0.10%) Master's Degree
17 1 (0.051%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 851 (43.44%) QA
2 29 (1.48%) WCAG
3 11 (0.56%) GDPR
4 10 (0.51%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.26%) SLA
6 3 (0.15%) MiFID
7 2 (0.10%) ISO 13485
7 2 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.051%) GxP
8 1 (0.051%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.051%) PMO
System Software
1 313 (15.98%) Docker
2 8 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
3 7 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.31%) Hyper-V
4 6 (0.31%) KVM
5 3 (0.15%) Active Directory
6 2 (0.10%) Firmware
6 2 (0.10%) vSphere
7 1 (0.051%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 203 (10.36%) Kubernetes
2 67 (3.42%) Ansible
3 55 (2.81%) Puppet
4 44 (2.25%) Terraform
5 43 (2.19%) Opscode Chef
6 32 (1.63%) HP Quality Center
7 21 (1.07%) Fortio
7 21 (1.07%) Istio
7 21 (1.07%) Kiali
8 11 (0.56%) Kibana
9 10 (0.51%) Grafana
10 9 (0.46%) Prometheus
11 7 (0.36%) Rancher
12 5 (0.26%) ZABBIX
13 3 (0.15%) Hadoop YARN
14 2 (0.10%) Docker Swarm
14 2 (0.10%) Graylog
14 2 (0.10%) HP Fortify
14 2 (0.10%) Packer
14 2 (0.10%) Salt
Vendors
1 198 (10.11%) Microsoft
2 83 (4.24%) Oracle
3 40 (2.04%) Google
4 26 (1.33%) Adobe
5 20 (1.02%) Atlassian
6 18 (0.92%) IBM
7 15 (0.77%) Splunk
8 12 (0.61%) SAP
8 12 (0.61%) Xamarin
9 10 (0.51%) HP
10 8 (0.41%) VMware
10 8 (0.41%) Xceptor
11 6 (0.31%) Pega
11 6 (0.31%) webMethods
12 5 (0.26%) PayPal
13 4 (0.20%) Guidewire
13 4 (0.20%) Micro Focus
13 4 (0.20%) New Relic
13 4 (0.20%) Red Hat
13 4 (0.20%) Temenos