Period
to 22 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 22 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 162 119 119
Rank change year-on-year -43 0 -9
Permanent jobs citing Selenium 2,692 1,351 3,832
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.20% 2.71% 2.75%
As % of the Development Applications category 10.52% 12.96% 14.38%
Number of salaries quoted 2,016 1,141 3,011
10th Percentile £36,250 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £65,000 £63,750 £63,750
90th Percentile £81,250 £73,750 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 25,579 10,426 26,656
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.94% 20.91% 19.15%
Number of salaries quoted 15,917 8,588 21,294
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £71,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £46,000
% change year-on-year - +8.70% +2.22%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Salary trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 22 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -37 2,438 £55,000 +10.00% 333
UK excluding London -46 1,440 £47,500 +5.56% 250
London -5 1,109 £62,500 +2.04% 104
South East -20 554 £50,000 - 58
Work from Home -35 515 £55,000 +18.92% 79
North of England -57 292 £47,500 +5.56% 65
South West -54 199 £46,250 +2.78% 32
Midlands -29 178 £50,000 +11.11% 40
North West -56 141 £47,500 -5.00% 36
Yorkshire -62 135 £47,500 +5.56% 23
West Midlands -31 112 £47,500 -5.00% 26
Scotland -32 98 £45,000 +12.50% 14
East of England -62 71 £57,500 +27.78% 29
East Midlands -38 65 £52,250 +39.33% 13
Wales -28 51 £47,445 +5.43% 11
North East -31 21 £39,500 -12.22% 6
Northern Ireland -56 13 £32,500 -7.14% 1

For the 6 months to 22 September 2021, IT jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 2,109 (78.34%) Test Automation
2 1,683 (62.52%) Agile Software Development
3 1,297 (48.18%) QA
4 1,097 (40.75%) C#
5 1,014 (37.67%) Java
6 922 (34.25%) JavaScript
7 810 (30.09%) Cucumber
8 803 (29.83%) Software Testing
9 775 (28.79%) BDD
10 720 (26.75%) DevOps
11 688 (25.56%) Azure
12 645 (23.96%) SQL
13 640 (23.77%) TDD
14 638 (23.70%) Jenkins
15 576 (21.40%) Git (software)
16 564 (20.95%) AWS
17 561 (20.84%) SpecFlow
18 530 (19.69%) .NET
19 525 (19.50%) WebDriver
20 509 (18.91%) JIRA
21 504 (18.72%) Postman
22 496 (18.42%) Scrum
23 469 (17.42%) Social Skills
24 467 (17.35%) REST
25 466 (17.31%) Python
26 441 (16.38%) API Testing
27 432 (16.05%) React
28 428 (15.90%) Finance
29 427 (15.86%) Continuous Integration
30 418 (15.53%) Docker

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 128 (4.75%) Confluence
2 54 (2.01%) Elasticsearch
3 37 (1.37%) Cloud Foundry
3 37 (1.37%) CMS
4 36 (1.34%) Apache
5 35 (1.30%) GemFire
6 22 (0.82%) SharePoint
7 19 (0.71%) Drupal
8 16 (0.59%) WordPress
9 11 (0.41%) Sitecore CMS
9 11 (0.41%) Tomcat
9 11 (0.41%) Umbraco
10 9 (0.33%) Apache Airflow
10 9 (0.33%) EPiServer
11 8 (0.30%) JBoss
12 7 (0.26%) IIS
13 4 (0.15%) MODX
13 4 (0.15%) MS Exchange
13 4 (0.15%) SAS
14 3 (0.11%) nginx
Applications
1 33 (1.23%) Microsoft Office
2 26 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
3 25 (0.93%) MS Visio
4 22 (0.82%) InVision
5 21 (0.78%) Sketch
6 10 (0.37%) Chatbot
7 9 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
8 4 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 3 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.037%) Figma
10 1 (0.037%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 9 (0.33%) WebTrends
2 6 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.11%) Magento
3 3 (0.11%) SDL Web 8
4 2 (0.074%) Actimize
4 2 (0.074%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.074%) Oracle EBS R12
4 2 (0.074%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.074%) SAP HCM
5 1 (0.037%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 688 (25.56%) Azure
2 564 (20.95%) AWS
3 182 (6.76%) SaaS
4 173 (6.43%) GitHub
5 165 (6.13%) Serverless
6 162 (6.02%) GCP
7 119 (4.42%) AWS Lambda
8 83 (3.08%) Amazon SQS
9 69 (2.56%) Amazon S3
10 68 (2.53%) Amazon EC2
11 55 (2.04%) Amazon ECS
12 54 (2.01%) BrowserStack
13 49 (1.82%) PaaS
14 39 (1.45%) AWS CloudFormation
15 34 (1.26%) Amazon Cognito
16 31 (1.15%) Cloud Computing
17 27 (1.00%) OpenShift
17 27 (1.00%) Slack
18 23 (0.85%) CloudFront
19 17 (0.63%) Cloudflare
Communications & Networking
1 149 (5.53%) HTTP
2 35 (1.30%) Calico
3 29 (1.08%) DNS
4 23 (0.85%) Firewall
5 22 (0.82%) VoIP
6 21 (0.78%) Internet
7 18 (0.67%) AMQP
8 16 (0.59%) BGP
8 16 (0.59%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
8 16 (0.59%) OSPF
8 16 (0.59%) VPN
8 16 (0.59%) WAN
9 15 (0.56%) MQTT
10 12 (0.45%) Broadband
11 10 (0.37%) LAN
12 9 (0.33%) TCP/IP
13 8 (0.30%) SMTP
14 7 (0.26%) SSH
15 6 (0.22%) Reverse Proxy
15 6 (0.22%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 287 (10.66%) SQL Server
2 160 (5.94%) PostgreSQL
3 133 (4.94%) MySQL
4 132 (4.90%) NoSQL
5 91 (3.38%) MongoDB
6 81 (3.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 80 (2.97%) Redis
8 75 (2.79%) Relational Database
9 63 (2.34%) Hadoop
10 53 (1.97%) Big Data
11 36 (1.34%) RDBMS
12 32 (1.19%) Oracle Database
13 31 (1.15%) Amazon Aurora
14 30 (1.11%) Amazon RDS
15 20 (0.74%) Data Lake
16 19 (0.71%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 18 (0.67%) Amazon Athena
17 18 (0.67%) Blockchain
18 15 (0.56%) Azure SQL Database
19 14 (0.52%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 810 (30.09%) Cucumber
2 638 (23.70%) Jenkins
3 576 (21.40%) Git (software)
4 561 (20.84%) SpecFlow
5 525 (19.50%) WebDriver
6 509 (18.91%) JIRA
7 504 (18.72%) Postman
8 336 (12.48%) Cypress.io
9 305 (11.33%) JMeter
10 201 (7.47%) SoapUI
11 196 (7.28%) Appium
12 172 (6.39%) NUnit
13 169 (6.28%) JUnit
14 139 (5.16%) GitLab
15 136 (5.05%) TeamCity
16 129 (4.79%) Team Foundation Server
17 124 (4.61%) REST Assured
18 101 (3.75%) Robot Framework
19 96 (3.57%) Visual Studio
20 92 (3.42%) Maven
General
1 469 (17.42%) Social Skills
2 428 (15.90%) Finance
3 156 (5.79%) Banking
4 125 (4.64%) Retail
5 120 (4.46%) Analytical Skills
6 89 (3.31%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 85 (3.16%) Law
8 74 (2.75%) Marketing
9 67 (2.49%) Games
10 62 (2.30%) Organisational Skills
10 62 (2.30%) Public Sector
11 43 (1.60%) Advertising
12 36 (1.34%) Automotive
13 32 (1.19%) Influencing Skills
14 28 (1.04%) Publishing
15 26 (0.97%) Electronics
15 26 (0.97%) Telecoms
16 25 (0.93%) Legal
16 25 (0.93%) Manufacturing
17 23 (0.85%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 495 (18.39%) Developer
2 489 (18.16%) Test Engineer
3 408 (15.16%) Tester
4 397 (14.75%) QA Engineer
5 247 (9.18%) Automation Tester
6 239 (8.88%) Test Automation Engineer
7 202 (7.50%) Analyst
8 199 (7.39%) Automation Engineer
9 171 (6.35%) QA Automation Engineer
10 168 (6.24%) Test Analyst
11 165 (6.13%) Software Engineer
12 151 (5.61%) Software Developer
13 144 (5.35%) Software Test Engineer
14 135 (5.01%) Senior Developer
15 121 (4.49%) Software Tester
16 120 (4.46%) Developer in Test
17 113 (4.20%) Test Leader
18 111 (4.12%) Senior Test Engineer
19 90 (3.34%) QA Leader
20 85 (3.16%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 530 (19.69%) .NET
2 467 (17.35%) REST
3 432 (16.05%) React
4 293 (10.88%) Node.js
5 289 (10.74%) Web Services
6 284 (10.55%) HTML
7 256 (9.51%) CSS
8 237 (8.80%) Gherkin
9 234 (8.69%) AngularJS
10 198 (7.36%) RESTful
11 195 (7.24%) .NET Core
12 153 (5.68%) SOAP
12 153 (5.68%) Spring
13 151 (5.61%) Kafka
14 144 (5.35%) .NET Framework
15 140 (5.20%) HTML5
16 129 (4.79%) JSON
17 111 (4.12%) Spring Boot
17 111 (4.12%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 107 (3.97%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 148 (5.50%) Mobile App
2 138 (5.13%) User Experience
3 119 (4.42%) Self-Motivation
4 71 (2.64%) Greenfield Project
5 40 (1.49%) Management Information System
6 39 (1.45%) Renewable Energy
7 38 (1.41%) Enterprise Software
8 37 (1.37%) Algorithms
9 27 (1.00%) EPoS
10 25 (0.93%) Video on Demand
10 25 (0.93%) Video\Live Streaming
11 24 (0.89%) Cyberattack
12 21 (0.78%) Client/Server
12 21 (0.78%) Virtual Team
13 19 (0.71%) Mainframe
14 17 (0.63%) Hedge funds
14 17 (0.63%) Legacy Systems
14 17 (0.63%) Social Media
15 16 (0.59%) NHS
16 15 (0.56%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 164 (6.09%) Linux
2 106 (3.94%) Android
3 95 (3.53%) Apple iOS
4 85 (3.16%) Windows
5 31 (1.15%) Unix
6 26 (0.97%) CentOS
7 25 (0.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 16 (0.59%) VyOS
9 12 (0.45%) Windows Server
10 4 (0.15%) Windows 10
11 2 (0.074%) Debian
11 2 (0.074%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.074%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.074%) VMS
12 1 (0.037%) Alpine Linux
12 1 (0.037%) Mesosphere
12 1 (0.037%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,109 (78.34%) Test Automation
2 1,683 (62.52%) Agile Software Development
3 803 (29.83%) Software Testing
4 775 (28.79%) BDD
5 720 (26.75%) DevOps
6 640 (23.77%) TDD
7 496 (18.42%) Scrum
8 441 (16.38%) API Testing
9 427 (15.86%) Continuous Integration
10 391 (14.52%) Microservices
11 381 (14.15%) SDET
12 373 (13.86%) Test Strategy
13 339 (12.59%) Mentoring
14 333 (12.37%) Manual Testing
15 313 (11.63%) Software Engineering
16 302 (11.22%) Regression Testing
17 289 (10.74%) Test Scripting
18 280 (10.40%) SDLC
19 269 (9.99%) Problem-Solving
20 250 (9.29%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,097 (40.75%) C#
2 1,014 (37.67%) Java
3 922 (34.25%) JavaScript
4 645 (23.96%) SQL
5 466 (17.31%) Python
6 218 (8.10%) TypeScript
7 124 (4.61%) PowerShell
8 119 (4.42%) Ruby
9 94 (3.49%) Bash Shell
10 81 (3.01%) Go
11 73 (2.71%) PHP
12 60 (2.23%) Scala
13 48 (1.78%) C
13 48 (1.78%) Java 8
14 41 (1.52%) Groovy
15 34 (1.26%) ES6
16 27 (1.00%) Kotlin
17 26 (0.97%) Java 11
18 22 (0.82%) ES7
18 22 (0.82%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 267 (9.92%) Degree
2 231 (8.58%) ISTQB
3 150 (5.57%) Security Cleared
4 131 (4.87%) ISEB
5 118 (4.38%) SC Cleared
6 114 (4.23%) Computer Science Degree
7 91 (3.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 39 (1.45%) OCP
8 39 (1.45%) Oracle Certification
9 29 (1.08%) DV Cleared
10 20 (0.74%) Cisco Certification
11 17 (0.63%) SANS
12 16 (0.59%) CCNA
13 11 (0.41%) Sun Certification
14 9 (0.33%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 7 (0.26%) Master's Degree
16 6 (0.22%) ISEB Practitioner
17 4 (0.15%) BPSS Clearance
18 3 (0.11%) DBS Check
18 3 (0.11%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,297 (48.18%) QA
2 82 (3.05%) Accessibility
3 34 (1.26%) SLA
4 29 (1.08%) WCAG
5 8 (0.30%) PSD2
6 5 (0.19%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.074%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 2 (0.074%) SEPA
8 2 (0.074%) WAI
9 1 (0.037%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 418 (15.53%) Docker
2 37 (1.37%) Virtual Machines
3 22 (0.82%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (0.22%) Active Directory
5 4 (0.15%) Firmware
6 2 (0.074%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.074%) KVM
6 2 (0.074%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 409 (15.19%) Kubernetes
2 147 (5.46%) Terraform
3 123 (4.57%) Ansible
4 86 (3.19%) Grafana
5 74 (2.75%) Opscode Chef
6 65 (2.41%) Kibana
7 45 (1.67%) Opsgenie
8 32 (1.19%) Graylog
9 31 (1.15%) Puppet
10 30 (1.11%) Graphite
11 29 (1.08%) HP Quality Center
12 25 (0.93%) logstash
13 21 (0.78%) ZABBIX
14 19 (0.71%) HP ALM
15 17 (0.63%) Istio
16 15 (0.56%) HAProxy
16 15 (0.56%) Pingdom
17 12 (0.45%) Prometheus
18 11 (0.41%) MIIS
19 6 (0.22%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 219 (8.14%) Microsoft
2 154 (5.72%) Oracle
3 115 (4.27%) Google
4 60 (2.23%) Cognizant
5 59 (2.19%) Atlassian
6 46 (1.71%) HP
7 41 (1.52%) PayPal
8 34 (1.26%) New Relic
9 28 (1.04%) SAP
10 27 (1.00%) VMware
11 24 (0.89%) Xamarin
12 20 (0.74%) Cisco
13 17 (0.63%) F5
13 17 (0.63%) IBM
13 17 (0.63%) SolarWinds
13 17 (0.63%) Splunk
14 16 (0.59%) Avaya
14 16 (0.59%) Brocade
14 16 (0.59%) Extreme Networks
14 16 (0.59%) Vyatta