Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 187 165 121
Rank change year-on-year -22 -44 +7
Permanent jobs citing Selenium 3,816 2,307 2,104
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.10% 2.14% 2.66%
As % of the Development Applications category 9.15% 10.35% 13.54%
Number of salaries quoted 2,002 1,816 1,743
10th Percentile £40,000 £36,250 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £73,250 £65,000 £63,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £80,625 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +15.79% +5.56% -

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 41,701 22,294 15,534
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.95% 20.68% 19.67%
Number of salaries quoted 16,183 14,928 12,521
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £33,750
25th Percentile £47,250 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,750 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +12.11% +1.36% +6.80%
75th Percentile £80,000 £73,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Salary trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -28 3,092 £60,000 +14.29% 206
Work from Home +2 1,834 £57,500 +15.00% 104
London -10 1,821 £67,500 +8.00% 66
UK excluding London -52 1,423 £55,000 +15.79% 155
South East -39 502 £55,000 +10.00% 37
North of England -42 291 £52,500 +16.67% 44
South West -28 171 £50,563 +6.45% 28
North West -36 168 £54,750 +21.67% 17
East of England -19 148 £53,750 -10.42% 12
Scotland -31 135 £55,000 +29.41% 9
Yorkshire -62 110 £50,000 +11.11% 14
Midlands -93 110 £47,500 +5.56% 19
West Midlands -79 70 £45,000 -5.26% 13
Wales -16 60 £55,000 +22.22% 5
East Midlands -44 40 £57,500 +40.24% 6
Northern Ireland -19 22 £32,500 - 1
North East -12 14 £52,500 +43.84% 13

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 2,881 (75.50%) Test Automation
2 2,581 (67.64%) Agile
3 1,948 (51.05%) QA
4 1,658 (43.45%) Java
5 1,437 (37.66%) C#
6 1,420 (37.21%) JavaScript
7 1,222 (32.02%) Finance
8 1,191 (31.21%) CI/CD
9 1,173 (30.74%) DevOps
10 1,169 (30.63%) Software Testing
11 1,133 (29.69%) Jenkins
12 1,129 (29.59%) Cucumber
13 1,118 (29.30%) BDD
14 1,055 (27.65%) Azure
15 991 (25.97%) SQL
16 916 (24.00%) Postman
17 898 (23.53%) Python
18 895 (23.45%) TDD
19 886 (23.22%) Git (software)
20 847 (22.20%) Social Skills
21 831 (21.78%) API Testing
22 820 (21.49%) .NET
23 799 (20.94%) AWS
24 775 (20.31%) SDLC
25 773 (20.26%) Continuous Integration
26 755 (19.79%) JIRA
27 737 (19.31%) React
28 735 (19.26%) REST
29 714 (18.71%) SpecFlow
30 681 (17.85%) Cypress.io

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 203 (5.32%) Confluence
2 43 (1.13%) Apache
3 39 (1.02%) Cloud Foundry
4 38 (1.00%) SharePoint
5 36 (0.94%) Tomcat
6 31 (0.81%) CMS
6 31 (0.81%) JBoss
7 29 (0.76%) IIS
8 27 (0.71%) Apache Spark
8 27 (0.71%) WordPress
9 25 (0.66%) Drupal
10 15 (0.39%) BizTalk Server
11 14 (0.37%) Jupyter
12 13 (0.34%) Apache Airflow
12 13 (0.34%) Ethereum
13 11 (0.29%) GemFire
14 10 (0.26%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 9 (0.24%) IBM Domino
16 7 (0.18%) Apache Solr
17 6 (0.16%) WebSphere
Applications
1 31 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.13%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.079%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.052%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.052%) Sketch
7 1 (0.026%) InVision
Business Applications
1 30 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.58%) WebTrends
3 13 (0.34%) Ripple
3 13 (0.34%) Ripple XRP
4 10 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
5 9 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
6 3 (0.079%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.052%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.052%) R3 Corda
8 1 (0.026%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 1 (0.026%) Maximo
8 1 (0.026%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 1,055 (27.65%) Azure
2 799 (20.94%) AWS
3 417 (10.93%) Azure DevOps
4 342 (8.96%) GitHub
5 275 (7.21%) GCP
6 248 (6.50%) SaaS
7 227 (5.95%) BrowserStack
8 188 (4.93%) Sauce Labs
9 146 (3.83%) Serverless
10 100 (2.62%) OpenShift
11 67 (1.76%) AWS CloudFormation
12 66 (1.73%) Slack
13 55 (1.44%) Amazon S3
14 53 (1.39%) PaaS
15 49 (1.28%) Tricentis Tosca
16 43 (1.13%) Dynamics 365
17 42 (1.10%) Amazon SQS
17 42 (1.10%) npm
18 41 (1.07%) GitHub Actions
19 39 (1.02%) BlazeMeter
Communications & Networking
1 160 (4.19%) HTTP
2 55 (1.44%) TCP/IP
3 39 (1.02%) Broadband
4 32 (0.84%) Internet
5 31 (0.81%) VoIP
6 29 (0.76%) MQTT
7 19 (0.50%) Wireless
8 12 (0.31%) AMQP
8 12 (0.31%) FTP
9 11 (0.29%) Calico
10 9 (0.24%) DNS
11 8 (0.21%) HTTPS
12 7 (0.18%) PBX
13 6 (0.16%) DSL
13 6 (0.16%) PuTTY
14 5 (0.13%) SSH
15 4 (0.10%) 5G
15 4 (0.10%) PSTN
15 4 (0.10%) TETRA
16 3 (0.079%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 338 (8.86%) SQL Server
2 273 (7.15%) MySQL
3 247 (6.47%) PostgreSQL
4 179 (4.69%) NoSQL
5 178 (4.66%) MongoDB
6 170 (4.45%) Relational Database
7 138 (3.62%) Big Data
8 108 (2.83%) Elasticsearch
9 99 (2.59%) Redis
10 89 (2.33%) DynamoDB
11 73 (1.91%) Hadoop
12 67 (1.76%) Amazon Aurora
13 58 (1.52%) Oracle Database
14 57 (1.49%) RDBMS
15 28 (0.73%) Couchbase
16 21 (0.55%) DB2
17 17 (0.45%) Neo4j
17 17 (0.45%) Oracle Database 10g
17 17 (0.45%) Oracle Database 11g
18 16 (0.42%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1,133 (29.69%) Jenkins
2 1,129 (29.59%) Cucumber
3 916 (24.00%) Postman
4 886 (23.22%) Git (software)
5 755 (19.79%) JIRA
6 714 (18.71%) SpecFlow
7 681 (17.85%) Cypress.io
8 533 (13.97%) WebDriver
9 487 (12.76%) JMeter
10 385 (10.09%) Appium
11 376 (9.85%) JUnit
12 276 (7.23%) SoapUI
13 209 (5.48%) Team Foundation Server
14 208 (5.45%) Jasmine
15 206 (5.40%) NUnit
16 193 (5.06%) REST Assured
16 193 (5.06%) Visual Studio
17 190 (4.98%) Mocha
18 185 (4.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 171 (4.48%) GitLab
General
1 1,222 (32.02%) Finance
2 847 (22.20%) Social Skills
3 383 (10.04%) Banking
4 296 (7.76%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 280 (7.34%) Analytical Skills
6 226 (5.92%) Public Sector
7 221 (5.79%) Retail
8 124 (3.25%) Marketing
9 100 (2.62%) Games
10 88 (2.31%) Organisational Skills
11 71 (1.86%) Telecoms
12 70 (1.83%) Manufacturing
13 62 (1.62%) Tech for Good
14 54 (1.42%) Financial Institution
15 53 (1.39%) Law
16 45 (1.18%) Aerospace
16 45 (1.18%) Retail Banking
17 41 (1.07%) Local Government
18 38 (1.00%) Advertising
19 37 (0.97%) Legal
Job Titles
1 771 (20.20%) QA Engineer
2 691 (18.11%) Test Engineer
3 606 (15.88%) Developer
4 397 (10.40%) Software Engineer
5 378 (9.91%) Tester
6 291 (7.63%) Analyst
7 282 (7.39%) Automation Engineer
7 282 (7.39%) Automation Tester
8 273 (7.15%) Test Automation Engineer
9 247 (6.47%) QA Automation Engineer
9 247 (6.47%) Software Test Engineer
10 205 (5.37%) Software Developer
11 201 (5.27%) Quality Engineer
12 182 (4.77%) Test Analyst
13 162 (4.25%) Senior QA Engineer
14 134 (3.51%) Senior Developer
15 120 (3.14%) Developer in Test
16 117 (3.07%) Senior Test Engineer
17 115 (3.01%) Development Engineer
17 115 (3.01%) QA Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 820 (21.49%) .NET
2 737 (19.31%) React
3 735 (19.26%) REST
4 455 (11.92%) AngularJS
5 446 (11.69%) CSS
6 423 (11.08%) HTML
7 405 (10.61%) Node.js
8 361 (9.46%) JSON
9 354 (9.28%) Web Services
10 326 (8.54%) Gherkin
11 262 (6.87%) Kafka
12 246 (6.45%) SOAP
13 237 (6.21%) RESTful
14 222 (5.82%) Jest
15 216 (5.66%) Spring
16 186 (4.87%) .NET Core
16 186 (4.87%) Sass
17 184 (4.82%) Vue.js
18 183 (4.80%) HTML5
19 162 (4.25%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 323 (8.46%) User Experience
2 282 (7.39%) Mobile App
3 175 (4.59%) Social Network
4 154 (4.04%) Cloud Native
5 146 (3.83%) Enterprise Software
6 144 (3.77%) Self-Motivation
7 123 (3.22%) Social Media
8 113 (2.96%) Greenfield Project
9 85 (2.23%) Blockchain
10 83 (2.18%) Public Cloud
11 63 (1.65%) Private Cloud
12 45 (1.18%) Hackathon
13 43 (1.13%) Blog
13 43 (1.13%) Virtual Team
14 41 (1.07%) Data Structures
15 39 (1.02%) Management Information System
16 38 (1.00%) Algorithms
17 31 (0.81%) Mainframe
18 28 (0.73%) Video\Live Streaming
19 25 (0.66%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 294 (7.70%) Linux
2 193 (5.06%) Windows
3 190 (4.98%) Android
4 174 (4.56%) Apple iOS
5 126 (3.30%) Unix
6 19 (0.50%) CentOS
7 8 (0.21%) AIX
7 8 (0.21%) Solaris
8 7 (0.18%) Windows Server
9 4 (0.10%) Windows 10
10 2 (0.052%) Robot Operating System
11 1 (0.026%) Debian
11 1 (0.026%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.026%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.026%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 1 (0.026%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.026%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,881 (75.50%) Test Automation
2 2,581 (67.64%) Agile
3 1,191 (31.21%) CI/CD
4 1,173 (30.74%) DevOps
5 1,169 (30.63%) Software Testing
6 1,118 (29.30%) BDD
7 895 (23.45%) TDD
8 831 (21.78%) API Testing
9 775 (20.31%) SDLC
10 773 (20.26%) Continuous Integration
11 656 (17.19%) Scrum
12 642 (16.82%) Test Strategy
13 623 (16.33%) Software Engineering
14 619 (16.22%) Mentoring
15 565 (14.81%) Problem-Solving
16 542 (14.20%) Microservices
17 519 (13.60%) SDET
18 486 (12.74%) Manual Testing
19 414 (10.85%) Test Scripting
20 409 (10.72%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,658 (43.45%) Java
2 1,437 (37.66%) C#
3 1,420 (37.21%) JavaScript
4 991 (25.97%) SQL
5 898 (23.53%) Python
6 439 (11.50%) TypeScript
7 162 (4.25%) Ruby
8 136 (3.56%) Bash
9 128 (3.35%) PowerShell
10 92 (2.41%) ES6
11 88 (2.31%) PHP
12 83 (2.18%) Groovy
13 67 (1.76%) Kotlin
14 58 (1.52%) C
15 53 (1.39%) Shell Script
16 50 (1.31%) T-SQL
17 48 (1.26%) Scala
18 36 (0.94%) Go
19 34 (0.89%) XPath
20 33 (0.86%) Perl
Qualifications
1 428 (11.22%) Degree
2 337 (8.83%) ISTQB
3 218 (5.71%) ISEB
4 159 (4.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 142 (3.72%) Security Cleared
6 132 (3.46%) Computer Science Degree
7 96 (2.52%) SC Cleared
8 24 (0.63%) PMI Certification
9 22 (0.58%) ISEB Practitioner
10 21 (0.55%) Six Sigma Black Belt
11 16 (0.42%) BPSS Clearance
12 14 (0.37%) PhD
13 13 (0.34%) OCP
13 13 (0.34%) Oracle Certification
14 12 (0.31%) Master's Degree
15 10 (0.26%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 3 (0.079%) HND
17 2 (0.052%) AWS Certification
17 2 (0.052%) Numerate Degree
18 1 (0.026%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,948 (51.05%) QA
2 216 (5.66%) Accessibility
3 34 (0.89%) GRC
4 16 (0.42%) PSD2
5 10 (0.26%) Data Quality
6 8 (0.21%) WCAG
7 6 (0.16%) GDPR
7 6 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.16%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.10%) HL7
8 4 (0.10%) SLA
9 3 (0.079%) 21 CFR Part 11
9 3 (0.079%) FATCA
9 3 (0.079%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.052%) PMO
System Software
1 643 (16.85%) Docker
2 33 (0.86%) VMware Infrastructure
3 26 (0.68%) Hyper-V
4 20 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (0.10%) Active Directory
6 2 (0.052%) KVM
6 2 (0.052%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 522 (13.68%) Kubernetes
2 219 (5.74%) Terraform
3 147 (3.85%) Ansible
4 107 (2.80%) Opscode Chef
5 83 (2.18%) Puppet
6 73 (1.91%) Grafana
7 63 (1.65%) Istio
8 52 (1.36%) HP Quality Center
9 50 (1.31%) Kibana
10 49 (1.28%) Fortio
10 49 (1.28%) Kiali
11 38 (1.00%) MIIS
12 33 (0.86%) Opsgenie
13 32 (0.84%) logstash
14 28 (0.73%) HAProxy
14 28 (0.73%) Pingdom
14 28 (0.73%) ZABBIX
15 24 (0.63%) HP Fortify
16 22 (0.58%) Prometheus
17 14 (0.37%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 253 (6.63%) Oracle
2 215 (5.63%) Microsoft
3 172 (4.51%) Google
4 85 (2.23%) FIS
5 64 (1.68%) Zopa
6 50 (1.31%) SAP
7 44 (1.15%) New Relic
7 44 (1.15%) Splunk
8 38 (1.00%) HP
8 38 (1.00%) Perfecto Mobile
9 36 (0.94%) LexisNexis
9 36 (0.94%) Revolut
9 36 (0.94%) TrueLayer
10 35 (0.92%) VMware
11 32 (0.84%) Atlassian
12 27 (0.71%) CA Agile Central
12 27 (0.71%) Salesforce.com
13 22 (0.58%) Dynatrace
14 21 (0.55%) Sun
14 21 (0.55%) Tencent