Period
to 14 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 14 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
14 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 158 119 124
Rank change year-on-year -39 +5 -18
Permanent jobs citing Selenium 2,093 2,243 4,010
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.08% 2.68% 2.79%
As % of the Development Applications category 10.37% 13.68% 14.26%
Number of salaries quoted 1,694 1,828 3,175
10th Percentile £36,250 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £39,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £66,250 £63,890 £63,750
90th Percentile £81,250 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 20,175 16,395 28,129
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.05% 19.62% 19.58%
Number of salaries quoted 14,217 13,083 22,442
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £32,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £73,750 £71,250 £67,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Salary trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 14 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 14 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -40 1,844 £52,500 +5.00% 230
UK excluding London -60 1,138 £47,500 +5.56% 148
London +4 836 £62,500 - 87
South East -26 411 £50,000 +5.26% 46
Work from Home -46 368 £50,000 +5.26% 56
North of England -99 228 £45,000 - 42
South West -80 147 £50,000 +7.53% 27
Midlands -16 122 £45,000 +5.88% 14
Yorkshire -59 111 £45,000 - 16
Scotland -32 105 £45,000 +5.88% 5
North West -84 104 £45,000 - 23
West Midlands -6 93 £47,500 +8.57% 7
East of England -14 65 £58,750 +17.50% 9
Wales -32 40 £45,000 - 4
East Midlands -50 27 £41,000 -0.61% 7
Northern Ireland -17 14 £37,500 +7.14% 2
North East -20 13 £35,000 -20.00% 3
Isle of Man - 9 £49,500 -

For the 6 months to 14 June 2021, IT jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 1,709 (81.65%) Test Automation
2 1,275 (60.92%) Agile Software Development
3 1,009 (48.21%) QA
4 884 (42.24%) C#
5 839 (40.09%) Java
6 706 (33.73%) BDD
7 685 (32.73%) JavaScript
8 661 (31.58%) Cucumber
9 625 (29.86%) Software Testing
10 557 (26.61%) TDD
11 551 (26.33%) SQL
12 533 (25.47%) DevOps
13 524 (25.04%) Azure
14 467 (22.31%) Jenkins
15 424 (20.26%) SpecFlow
16 417 (19.92%) WebDriver
17 416 (19.88%) AWS
18 399 (19.06%) Git (software)
19 398 (19.02%) JIRA
20 385 (18.39%) Social Skills
21 376 (17.96%) .NET
22 372 (17.77%) Scrum
23 366 (17.49%) Postman
24 358 (17.10%) SDET
25 352 (16.82%) Finance
26 346 (16.53%) Docker
27 331 (15.81%) Python
28 330 (15.77%) API Testing
29 322 (15.38%) Continuous Integration
30 311 (14.86%) Microservices

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 122 (5.83%) Confluence
2 27 (1.29%) Apache
3 20 (0.96%) JBoss
4 19 (0.91%) Elasticsearch
5 18 (0.86%) CMS
6 16 (0.76%) SharePoint
6 16 (0.76%) Tomcat
7 14 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
8 12 (0.57%) GemFire
9 9 (0.43%) Headless CMS
10 8 (0.38%) Drupal
11 6 (0.29%) WebLogic
12 5 (0.24%) Apache Spark
12 5 (0.24%) nginx
12 5 (0.24%) WordPress
13 4 (0.19%) MODX
13 4 (0.19%) NServiceBus
14 3 (0.14%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 2 (0.096%) Appian
16 1 (0.048%) Camunda
Applications
1 40 (1.91%) InVision
2 28 (1.34%) Sketch
3 18 (0.86%) Microsoft Office
4 11 (0.53%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.096%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.048%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.048%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.048%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.048%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 3 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
1 3 (0.14%) Magento
2 2 (0.096%) NetSuite
2 2 (0.096%) Oracle EBS
2 2 (0.096%) Oracle Payables
2 2 (0.096%) Oracle Receivables
2 2 (0.096%) SAP HCM
3 1 (0.048%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.048%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 524 (25.04%) Azure
2 416 (19.88%) AWS
3 119 (5.69%) SaaS
4 93 (4.44%) Serverless
5 91 (4.35%) GCP
6 84 (4.01%) GitHub
7 72 (3.44%) AWS Lambda
8 52 (2.48%) BrowserStack
9 36 (1.72%) Amazon SQS
10 34 (1.62%) AWS CloudFormation
11 33 (1.58%) Amazon EC2
11 33 (1.58%) Amazon S3
12 29 (1.39%) PaaS
13 28 (1.34%) Cloud Computing
14 24 (1.15%) Azure Service Bus
14 24 (1.15%) Azure Service Fabric
15 16 (0.76%) Amazon ECS
15 16 (0.76%) BlazeMeter
16 15 (0.72%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 15 (0.72%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 73 (3.49%) HTTP
2 14 (0.67%) Internet
2 14 (0.67%) Skype
3 12 (0.57%) Calico
3 12 (0.57%) DNS
4 9 (0.43%) SSH
4 9 (0.43%) TCP/IP
5 8 (0.38%) Wireshark
6 7 (0.33%) Firewall
6 7 (0.33%) Reverse Proxy
7 6 (0.29%) Broadband
8 5 (0.24%) H.323
8 5 (0.24%) Intranet
8 5 (0.24%) Network Security
9 4 (0.19%) FTP
10 3 (0.14%) DHCP
10 3 (0.14%) PuTTY
10 3 (0.14%) SMTP
10 3 (0.14%) VLAN
10 3 (0.14%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 194 (9.27%) SQL Server
2 125 (5.97%) NoSQL
3 90 (4.30%) MongoDB
4 71 (3.39%) MySQL
5 66 (3.15%) PostgreSQL
6 46 (2.20%) Relational Database
7 45 (2.15%) Redis
8 42 (2.01%) Big Data
9 34 (1.62%) Hadoop
10 30 (1.43%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 29 (1.39%) Oracle Database
12 19 (0.91%) Azure SQL Database
13 17 (0.81%) Amazon Aurora
13 17 (0.81%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 14 (0.67%) RDBMS
15 12 (0.57%) Blockchain
16 9 (0.43%) Amazon RDS
17 8 (0.38%) Apache Cassandra
17 8 (0.38%) SQL Server 2012
18 7 (0.33%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 661 (31.58%) Cucumber
2 467 (22.31%) Jenkins
3 424 (20.26%) SpecFlow
4 417 (19.92%) WebDriver
5 399 (19.06%) Git (software)
6 398 (19.02%) JIRA
7 366 (17.49%) Postman
8 274 (13.09%) JMeter
9 235 (11.23%) Cypress.io
10 162 (7.74%) Appium
11 153 (7.31%) SoapUI
12 147 (7.02%) NUnit
13 129 (6.16%) JUnit
14 111 (5.30%) Maven
15 102 (4.87%) Visual Studio
16 97 (4.63%) REST Assured
17 87 (4.16%) TeamCity
18 83 (3.97%) Protractor
19 76 (3.63%) Team Foundation Server
20 68 (3.25%) MSTest
General
1 385 (18.39%) Social Skills
2 352 (16.82%) Finance
3 119 (5.69%) Analytical Skills
4 118 (5.64%) Banking
5 103 (4.92%) Marketing
6 71 (3.39%) Organisational Skills
7 61 (2.91%) Public Sector
8 58 (2.77%) Influencing Skills
9 57 (2.72%) Retail
10 53 (2.53%) Law
11 39 (1.86%) Games
12 22 (1.05%) Telecoms
13 21 (1.00%) Advertising
13 21 (1.00%) Automotive
14 17 (0.81%) Legal
15 15 (0.72%) Manufacturing
15 15 (0.72%) Presentation Skills
16 13 (0.62%) Electronics
17 12 (0.57%) Retail Banking
18 10 (0.48%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 418 (19.97%) Test Engineer
2 375 (17.92%) Developer
3 346 (16.53%) Tester
4 306 (14.62%) QA Engineer
5 224 (10.70%) Automation Tester
6 201 (9.60%) Test Automation Engineer
7 188 (8.98%) Automation Engineer
8 169 (8.07%) Analyst
9 145 (6.93%) QA Automation Engineer
10 134 (6.40%) Test Analyst
11 133 (6.35%) Software Engineer
12 128 (6.12%) Software Developer
13 121 (5.78%) Software Test Engineer
14 112 (5.35%) Senior Test Engineer
15 107 (5.11%) Test Leader
16 103 (4.92%) Developer in Test
17 89 (4.25%) Senior Developer
18 85 (4.06%) Automation Test Lead
19 83 (3.97%) Software Tester
20 81 (3.87%) Test Development Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 376 (17.96%) .NET
2 286 (13.66%) REST
3 242 (11.56%) Gherkin
4 237 (11.32%) React
5 190 (9.08%) HTML
6 182 (8.70%) CSS
7 178 (8.50%) Web Services
8 158 (7.55%) AngularJS
9 157 (7.50%) RESTful
10 147 (7.02%) SOAP
11 146 (6.98%) .NET Core
11 146 (6.98%) Node.js
12 137 (6.55%) Spring
13 106 (5.06%) .NET Framework
14 102 (4.87%) HTML5
15 101 (4.83%) JSON
16 80 (3.82%) Kafka
17 77 (3.68%) Vue.js
18 76 (3.63%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 74 (3.54%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 174 (8.31%) Mobile App
2 92 (4.40%) User Experience
3 74 (3.54%) Self-Motivation
4 61 (2.91%) EPoS
5 60 (2.87%) Management Information System
6 44 (2.10%) Greenfield Project
7 33 (1.58%) Enterprise Software
8 16 (0.76%) Public Cloud
9 15 (0.72%) NHS
10 14 (0.67%) Data Centre
11 13 (0.62%) Algorithms
11 13 (0.62%) LIMS
11 13 (0.62%) Social Network
11 13 (0.62%) Video on Demand
12 12 (0.57%) Linux Command Line
12 12 (0.57%) N-Tier
13 9 (0.43%) Client/Server
13 9 (0.43%) Cloud Native
13 9 (0.43%) Data Structures
14 8 (0.38%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 129 (6.16%) Linux
2 64 (3.06%) Android
3 55 (2.63%) Apple iOS
4 52 (2.48%) Windows
5 45 (2.15%) Unix
6 7 (0.33%) CentOS
6 7 (0.33%) Debian
6 7 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (0.33%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.096%) Mac OS X
7 2 (0.096%) VMS
7 2 (0.096%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,709 (81.65%) Test Automation
2 1,275 (60.92%) Agile Software Development
3 706 (33.73%) BDD
4 625 (29.86%) Software Testing
5 557 (26.61%) TDD
6 533 (25.47%) DevOps
7 372 (17.77%) Scrum
8 358 (17.10%) SDET
9 330 (15.77%) API Testing
10 322 (15.38%) Continuous Integration
11 311 (14.86%) Microservices
12 272 (13.00%) Regression Testing
13 270 (12.90%) Mentoring
14 264 (12.61%) SDLC
15 256 (12.23%) Test Strategy
16 240 (11.47%) Problem-Solving
17 231 (11.04%) Test Scripting
18 216 (10.32%) Fintech
19 213 (10.18%) Software Engineering
20 212 (10.13%) Manual Testing
Programming Languages
1 884 (42.24%) C#
2 839 (40.09%) Java
3 685 (32.73%) JavaScript
4 551 (26.33%) SQL
5 331 (15.81%) Python
6 169 (8.07%) TypeScript
7 87 (4.16%) Ruby
8 59 (2.82%) Scala
9 56 (2.68%) PowerShell
10 54 (2.58%) Java 8
11 51 (2.44%) Bash Shell
12 47 (2.25%) PHP
13 40 (1.91%) Go
14 32 (1.53%) ES6
14 32 (1.53%) Kotlin
15 31 (1.48%) C
16 29 (1.39%) T-SQL
17 27 (1.29%) ES7
18 22 (1.05%) Groovy
19 18 (0.86%) Perl
Qualifications
1 227 (10.85%) ISTQB
2 215 (10.27%) Degree
3 126 (6.02%) Security Cleared
4 124 (5.92%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 123 (5.88%) ISEB
6 108 (5.16%) SC Cleared
7 101 (4.83%) Computer Science Degree
8 39 (1.86%) DV Cleared
9 27 (1.29%) SANS
10 12 (0.57%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 12 (0.57%) OCP
10 12 (0.57%) Oracle Certification
11 7 (0.33%) BPSS Clearance
12 6 (0.29%) HNC
12 6 (0.29%) HND
13 5 (0.24%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 5 (0.24%) Master's Degree
14 4 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
14 4 (0.19%) ISEB Practitioner
15 2 (0.096%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,009 (48.21%) QA
2 51 (2.44%) Accessibility
3 41 (1.96%) WCAG
4 11 (0.53%) SLA
5 6 (0.29%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.14%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.096%) WAI
8 1 (0.048%) GDPR
8 1 (0.048%) GxP
8 1 (0.048%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.048%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.048%) MiFID
System Software
1 346 (16.53%) Docker
2 14 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
3 7 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.24%) Hyper-V
4 5 (0.24%) KVM
5 3 (0.14%) Active Directory
6 2 (0.096%) Firmware
6 2 (0.096%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 283 (13.52%) Kubernetes
2 88 (4.20%) Ansible
3 67 (3.20%) Terraform
4 49 (2.34%) Opscode Chef
5 40 (1.91%) Puppet
6 30 (1.43%) Grafana
7 27 (1.29%) HP Quality Center
8 19 (0.91%) Kibana
9 16 (0.76%) Graylog
9 16 (0.76%) Istio
10 14 (0.67%) Graphite
10 14 (0.67%) Opsgenie
11 13 (0.62%) Fortio
11 13 (0.62%) Kiali
12 12 (0.57%) Prometheus
13 9 (0.43%) Rancher
14 8 (0.38%) ZABBIX
15 3 (0.14%) logstash
15 3 (0.14%) Salt
16 2 (0.096%) OpenNebula
Vendors
1 204 (9.75%) Microsoft
2 99 (4.73%) Oracle
3 46 (2.20%) Google
4 39 (1.86%) Atlassian
5 25 (1.19%) PayPal
6 21 (1.00%) SAP
7 20 (0.96%) HP
8 17 (0.81%) IBM
8 17 (0.81%) Splunk
9 14 (0.67%) Xamarin
10 12 (0.57%) New Relic
11 11 (0.53%) Adobe
12 10 (0.48%) VMware
13 8 (0.38%) Xceptor
14 7 (0.33%) Guidewire
14 7 (0.33%) Salesforce.com
15 6 (0.29%) LexisNexis
15 6 (0.29%) Samsung
16 4 (0.19%) AppDynamics
16 4 (0.19%) SaltStack