Period
to 24 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 24 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
24 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 188 117 127
Rank change year-on-year -71 +10 -7
Permanent jobs citing Selenium 2,597 1,759 3,304
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.02% 2.79% 2.63%
As % of the Development Applications category 10.26% 13.49% 13.57%
Number of salaries quoted 1,824 1,513 2,602
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £71,250 £65,000 £62,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £75,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +1.01% +10.00% +2.27%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 25,310 13,043 24,353
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.66% 20.70% 19.36%
Number of salaries quoted 15,311 10,875 19,342
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,250 £33,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +10.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £71,250 £70,000
90th Percentile £93,750 £83,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £51,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +3.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Salary trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 24 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 24 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -65 2,311 £57,500 +9.52% 350
UK excluding London -61 1,325 £50,000 +1.01% 223
London -47 1,109 £67,500 +8.00% 147
Work from Home +4 572 £57,500 +16.75% 68
South East -52 476 £52,500 +5.00% 56
North of England -69 298 £50,000 +5.26% 58
North West -23 180 £50,000 -9.09% 28
Midlands -21 173 £50,000 +11.11% 30
South West -19 168 £45,000 -5.26% 30
Scotland -24 109 £47,500 -9.52% 19
Yorkshire -95 103 £50,000 +8.11% 19
East Midlands +17 88 £55,000 +29.41% 9
West Midlands -54 85 £47,500 +5.56% 21
East of England -83 64 £60,000 +33.33% 26
Wales -31 52 £50,000 +25.00% 4
North East -35 21 £42,500 -5.56% 11
Northern Ireland -27 7 £32,500 - 1

For the 6 months to 24 January 2022, IT jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 1,957 (75.36%) Test Automation
2 1,646 (63.38%) Agile Software Development
3 1,274 (49.06%) QA
4 1,029 (39.62%) Java
5 987 (38.01%) C#
6 835 (32.15%) JavaScript
7 771 (29.69%) DevOps
8 746 (28.73%) Cucumber
9 729 (28.07%) CI/CD
10 706 (27.19%) Software Testing
11 690 (26.57%) BDD
12 644 (24.80%) Azure
13 620 (23.87%) TDD
14 607 (23.37%) Jenkins
15 586 (22.56%) Git (software)
16 565 (21.76%) Postman
17 562 (21.64%) SQL
18 539 (20.75%) API Testing
19 519 (19.98%) Finance
20 516 (19.87%) SpecFlow
21 504 (19.41%) .NET
22 480 (18.48%) REST
23 465 (17.91%) Scrum
24 462 (17.79%) JIRA
25 458 (17.64%) Python
26 448 (17.25%) Social Skills
27 443 (17.06%) Docker
28 422 (16.25%) React
29 418 (16.10%) AWS
30 404 (15.56%) WebDriver

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 138 (5.31%) Confluence
2 51 (1.96%) CMS
3 50 (1.93%) Elasticsearch
4 43 (1.66%) Apache
5 17 (0.65%) SharePoint
6 15 (0.58%) Cloud Foundry
6 15 (0.58%) WordPress
7 14 (0.54%) Apache Airflow
7 14 (0.54%) GemFire
7 14 (0.54%) Tomcat
8 11 (0.42%) Drupal
8 11 (0.42%) IBM Domino
9 10 (0.39%) IIS
10 8 (0.31%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 8 (0.31%) EPiServer
10 8 (0.31%) Sitecore CMS
10 8 (0.31%) Umbraco
11 7 (0.27%) ThingWorx
12 6 (0.23%) JBoss
13 5 (0.19%) Kentico
Applications
1 33 (1.27%) Microsoft Office
2 18 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (0.69%) MS Visio
3 16 (0.62%) InVision
3 16 (0.62%) Sketch
4 7 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.23%) Chatbot
6 4 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.039%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.039%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.039%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 9 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.27%) WebTrends
3 2 (0.077%) Actimize
3 2 (0.077%) Magento
3 2 (0.077%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.077%) Oracle EBS R12
3 2 (0.077%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.077%) Shopify
4 1 (0.039%) Maximo
4 1 (0.039%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.039%) SAP FI-CA
4 1 (0.039%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 644 (24.80%) Azure
2 418 (16.10%) AWS
3 156 (6.01%) SaaS
4 145 (5.58%) GitHub
5 144 (5.54%) GCP
6 89 (3.43%) Amazon S3
7 84 (3.23%) BrowserStack
8 80 (3.08%) Amazon EC2
9 76 (2.93%) Serverless
10 63 (2.43%) Amazon ECS
11 60 (2.31%) CloudFront
12 52 (2.00%) Amazon SQS
13 41 (1.58%) AWS Lambda
14 40 (1.54%) Cloudflare
15 37 (1.42%) Azure Service Bus
16 33 (1.27%) Slack
17 22 (0.85%) Power Platform
18 21 (0.81%) PaaS
19 20 (0.77%) npm
20 18 (0.69%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 62 (2.39%) HTTP
2 46 (1.77%) DNS
3 45 (1.73%) AMQP
4 28 (1.08%) VoIP
5 21 (0.81%) Firewall
6 20 (0.77%) MQTT
7 14 (0.54%) Calico
7 14 (0.54%) Internet
8 12 (0.46%) BGP
8 12 (0.46%) Broadband
8 12 (0.46%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
8 12 (0.46%) OSPF
8 12 (0.46%) VPN
8 12 (0.46%) WAN
9 8 (0.31%) SMTP
9 8 (0.31%) TCP/IP
10 6 (0.23%) PBX
10 6 (0.23%) SSL
11 5 (0.19%) Reverse Proxy
11 5 (0.19%) TETRA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 228 (8.78%) SQL Server
2 169 (6.51%) MySQL
3 157 (6.05%) PostgreSQL
4 101 (3.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 89 (3.43%) NoSQL
6 87 (3.35%) Redis
7 84 (3.23%) Relational Database
8 69 (2.66%) MongoDB
9 53 (2.04%) Amazon RDS
10 45 (1.73%) Amazon Athena
11 43 (1.66%) RDBMS
12 36 (1.39%) Big Data
13 32 (1.23%) Blockchain
14 24 (0.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 20 (0.77%) Amazon Aurora
15 20 (0.77%) Data Lake
15 20 (0.77%) Power BI
16 19 (0.73%) Oracle Database
17 18 (0.69%) Hadoop
18 15 (0.58%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 746 (28.73%) Cucumber
2 607 (23.37%) Jenkins
3 586 (22.56%) Git (software)
4 565 (21.76%) Postman
5 516 (19.87%) SpecFlow
6 462 (17.79%) JIRA
7 404 (15.56%) WebDriver
8 381 (14.67%) Cypress.io
9 315 (12.13%) JMeter
10 218 (8.39%) JUnit
11 206 (7.93%) Appium
12 192 (7.39%) SoapUI
13 143 (5.51%) REST Assured
13 143 (5.51%) Team Foundation Server
14 139 (5.35%) Maven
15 127 (4.89%) TeamCity
16 116 (4.47%) NUnit
17 113 (4.35%) Visual Studio
18 108 (4.16%) GitLab
18 108 (4.16%) Jasmine
General
1 519 (19.98%) Finance
2 448 (17.25%) Social Skills
3 167 (6.43%) Retail
4 143 (5.51%) Banking
5 126 (4.85%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 122 (4.70%) Analytical Skills
7 82 (3.16%) Law
7 82 (3.16%) Public Sector
8 62 (2.39%) Games
9 49 (1.89%) Automotive
10 43 (1.66%) Marketing
11 33 (1.27%) Legal
12 30 (1.16%) Advertising
13 28 (1.08%) Telecoms
14 27 (1.04%) Electronics
15 25 (0.96%) Manufacturing
15 25 (0.96%) Organisational Skills
15 25 (0.96%) Retail Banking
16 24 (0.92%) Documentation Skills
17 13 (0.50%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 490 (18.87%) Test Engineer
2 483 (18.60%) Developer
3 392 (15.09%) Tester
4 384 (14.79%) QA Engineer
5 226 (8.70%) Automation Tester
6 217 (8.36%) Analyst
7 212 (8.16%) Test Automation Engineer
8 187 (7.20%) Software Engineer
9 165 (6.35%) Automation Engineer
9 165 (6.35%) Test Analyst
10 153 (5.89%) Senior Developer
11 152 (5.85%) Software Developer
12 135 (5.20%) QA Automation Engineer
13 130 (5.01%) Developer in Test
14 129 (4.97%) Software Test Engineer
15 102 (3.93%) Senior QA Engineer
16 98 (3.77%) Senior Test Engineer
17 90 (3.47%) Software Tester
18 82 (3.16%) React Developer
19 79 (3.04%) Automation Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 504 (19.41%) .NET
2 480 (18.48%) REST
3 422 (16.25%) React
4 276 (10.63%) HTML
5 261 (10.05%) Node.js
6 260 (10.01%) AngularJS
7 253 (9.74%) CSS
8 196 (7.55%) Web Services
9 183 (7.05%) Gherkin
10 180 (6.93%) RESTful
11 164 (6.31%) Spring
12 159 (6.12%) SOAP
13 136 (5.24%) HTML5
14 132 (5.08%) JSON
15 130 (5.01%) .NET Core
16 125 (4.81%) Sass
17 124 (4.77%) .NET Framework
18 123 (4.74%) XML
19 110 (4.24%) Jest
20 104 (4.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 164 (6.31%) User Experience
2 111 (4.27%) Mobile App
3 89 (3.43%) Enterprise Software
4 73 (2.81%) Self-Motivation
5 53 (2.04%) Greenfield Project
6 47 (1.81%) Video\Live Streaming
7 39 (1.50%) Algorithms
7 39 (1.50%) Cloud Native
7 39 (1.50%) Video on Demand
8 29 (1.12%) Data Protection Act
9 28 (1.08%) Client/Server
10 26 (1.00%) Blog
10 26 (1.00%) Social Media
11 22 (0.85%) Social Network
12 18 (0.69%) Mainframe
13 17 (0.65%) Online Games
14 14 (0.54%) NHS
15 13 (0.50%) Data Structures
15 13 (0.50%) Linux Command Line
15 13 (0.50%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 140 (5.39%) Linux
2 116 (4.47%) Android
3 102 (3.93%) Apple iOS
4 87 (3.35%) Windows
5 26 (1.00%) Unix
6 12 (0.46%) VyOS
7 9 (0.35%) CentOS
7 9 (0.35%) Mac OS
8 7 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 5 (0.19%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.12%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.039%) Alpine Linux
11 1 (0.039%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.039%) Mesosphere
11 1 (0.039%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,957 (75.36%) Test Automation
2 1,646 (63.38%) Agile Software Development
3 771 (29.69%) DevOps
4 729 (28.07%) CI/CD
5 706 (27.19%) Software Testing
6 690 (26.57%) BDD
7 620 (23.87%) TDD
8 539 (20.75%) API Testing
9 465 (17.91%) Scrum
10 390 (15.02%) Continuous Integration
11 353 (13.59%) Test Strategy
12 343 (13.21%) Software Engineering
13 334 (12.86%) Microservices
14 331 (12.75%) SDET
15 317 (12.21%) Test Scripting
16 305 (11.74%) Manual Testing
17 301 (11.59%) Mentoring
18 280 (10.78%) Regression Testing
19 267 (10.28%) SDLC
20 245 (9.43%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,029 (39.62%) Java
2 987 (38.01%) C#
3 835 (32.15%) JavaScript
4 562 (21.64%) SQL
5 458 (17.64%) Python
6 221 (8.51%) TypeScript
7 96 (3.70%) PowerShell
8 94 (3.62%) Bash
9 93 (3.58%) Ruby
10 83 (3.20%) ES6
11 70 (2.70%) PHP
12 65 (2.50%) Scala
13 64 (2.46%) Groovy
14 61 (2.35%) C
15 49 (1.89%) Go
16 40 (1.54%) Kotlin
17 36 (1.39%) ES7
18 32 (1.23%) Java 8
19 31 (1.19%) Shell Script
20 29 (1.12%) Perl
Qualifications
1 239 (9.20%) ISTQB
2 192 (7.39%) Degree
3 134 (5.16%) ISEB
4 108 (4.16%) Security Cleared
5 83 (3.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 82 (3.16%) Computer Science Degree
7 53 (2.04%) SC Cleared
8 30 (1.16%) Oracle Certification
9 26 (1.00%) OCP
10 17 (0.65%) SANS
11 16 (0.62%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 13 (0.50%) CCNA
12 13 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
12 13 (0.50%) Sun Certification
13 12 (0.46%) DV Cleared
14 6 (0.23%) BPSS Clearance
15 5 (0.19%) Six Sigma Black Belt
16 4 (0.15%) AWS Certification
16 4 (0.15%) DBS Check
16 4 (0.15%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,274 (49.06%) QA
2 96 (3.70%) Accessibility
3 22 (0.85%) WCAG
4 15 (0.58%) SLA
5 13 (0.50%) PSD2
6 4 (0.15%) PMO
7 1 (0.039%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.039%) ISO 13485
7 1 (0.039%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.039%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 443 (17.06%) Docker
2 34 (1.31%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
4 11 (0.42%) Hyper-V
5 5 (0.19%) Active Directory
5 5 (0.19%) Firmware
6 2 (0.077%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.039%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 320 (12.32%) Kubernetes
2 130 (5.01%) Terraform
3 81 (3.12%) Ansible
4 58 (2.23%) Opscode Chef
5 48 (1.85%) Grafana
6 41 (1.58%) HP ALM
6 41 (1.58%) Kibana
7 28 (1.08%) Istio
7 28 (1.08%) Opsgenie
8 20 (0.77%) HP Quality Center
8 20 (0.77%) logstash
8 20 (0.77%) ZABBIX
9 19 (0.73%) HAProxy
9 19 (0.73%) Pingdom
10 16 (0.62%) MIIS
11 15 (0.58%) Puppet
12 9 (0.35%) Graphite
12 9 (0.35%) Graylog
12 9 (0.35%) Prometheus
13 8 (0.31%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 161 (6.20%) Microsoft
2 128 (4.93%) Oracle
3 89 (3.43%) Cognizant
4 88 (3.39%) Google
5 70 (2.70%) HP
6 34 (1.31%) VMware
7 25 (0.96%) New Relic
8 18 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
9 17 (0.65%) Atlassian
9 17 (0.65%) Cisco
10 16 (0.62%) IBM
11 15 (0.58%) PayPal
11 15 (0.58%) Sun
12 14 (0.54%) F5
12 14 (0.54%) SAP
13 13 (0.50%) Splunk
13 13 (0.50%) Xamarin
14 12 (0.46%) LexisNexis
14 12 (0.46%) SolarWinds
14 12 (0.46%) Vyatta