Period
to 20 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Struts skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Struts over the 6 months to 20 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Struts
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 755 607 593
Rank change year-on-year -148 -14 -2
Contract jobs citing Struts 142 269 338
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.14% 0.27% 0.31%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.39% 0.84% 1.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 92 185 260
UK median daily rate £450 £447 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.67% -5.89% +26.67%
10th Percentile £351 £310 £345
90th Percentile £538 £575 £582
UK excluding London median daily rate £445 £425 £450
% change year-on-year +4.71% -5.56% +33.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 1
UK median hourly rate £33.08 £35.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.49% +27.27% -31.25%
10th Percentile £31.58 £35.00 £26.25
90th Percentile £34.58 £42.00 £28.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.08 £35.00 £27.50
% change year-on-year -5.49% +27.27% -31.25%

Struts is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 36,023 31,987 32,193
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.99% 32.37% 29.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,416 22,150 22,529
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £310 £295
90th Percentile £625 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 339 394 385
UK median hourly rate £41.61 £40.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.03% +11.11% -3.87%
10th Percentile £15.19 £16.00 £13.10
90th Percentile £60.00 £53.53 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +2.50% +11.11% -4.00%

Struts
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Struts as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Struts in the UK

Struts
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Struts.

Contractor daily rate trend for Struts in the UK

Struts
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Struts over the 6 months to 20 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Struts in the UK

Struts
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Struts.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Struts in the UK

Struts
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Struts within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -132 119 £451 -3.12% 36
UK excluding London -96 96 £445 +4.71% 34
London -63 40 £450 -14.29% 7
South East -25 29 £438 -5.91% 10
North of England -20 24 £425 -5.56% 2
North West -26 19 £425 -5.56% 1
South West -21 12 £493 +10.18% 3
Scotland -16 11 £400 -13.51% 2
Midlands -24 8 £525 +55.56% 5
West Midlands -28 6 £525 +55.56% 2
Northern Ireland +5 5 £441 +5.06% 2
East of England -17 5 £525 +31.25% 9
Yorkshire - 5 £475 -
East Midlands -1 2 £350 -3.45% 3
Wales - 2 £420 - 1

For the 6 months to 20 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Struts also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Struts.

1 135 (95.07%) Java
2 102 (71.83%) Spring
3 76 (53.52%) Agile Software Development
4 63 (44.37%) JavaScript
4 63 (44.37%) Web Services
5 62 (43.66%) J2EE
6 61 (42.96%) Hibernate
7 54 (38.03%) MVC
8 53 (37.32%) Maven
9 52 (36.62%) REST
10 48 (33.80%) JSP
10 48 (33.80%) Eclipse
11 44 (30.99%) HTML
12 43 (30.28%) TDD
13 42 (29.58%) Jenkins
14 41 (28.87%) Spring MVC
14 41 (28.87%) JUnit
15 39 (27.46%) SQL
15 39 (27.46%) Oracle
16 38 (26.76%) CSS
16 38 (26.76%) Tomcat
16 38 (26.76%) Linux
16 38 (26.76%) Git (software)
17 37 (26.06%) SOAP
17 37 (26.06%) Scrum
18 36 (25.35%) XML
19 34 (23.94%) AngularJS
20 33 (23.24%) Selenium
20 33 (23.24%) Continuous Integration
21 28 (19.72%) Java EE

Struts
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (26.76%) Tomcat
2 27 (19.01%) JBoss
3 26 (18.31%) WebSphere
4 14 (9.86%) WebLogic
5 13 (9.15%) Apache Solr
6 12 (8.45%) CMS
7 11 (7.75%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 9 (6.34%) Elasticsearch
8 9 (6.34%) Liferay
9 8 (5.63%) Confluence
10 7 (4.93%) GlassFish
11 6 (4.23%) Apache
11 6 (4.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 5 (3.52%) Alfresco
12 5 (3.52%) Magnolia
12 5 (3.52%) WebSphere Application Server
13 4 (2.82%) Cloud Foundry
13 4 (2.82%) NetWeaver
14 3 (2.11%) WebSphere Portal
15 2 (1.41%) Mule
Applications
1 1 (0.70%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 1 (0.70%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
1 1 (0.70%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 21 (14.79%) Amazon AWS
2 15 (10.56%) Microsoft Azure
3 13 (9.15%) AWS CloudFormation
3 13 (9.15%) Google Cloud Platform
4 9 (6.34%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 7 (4.93%) Amazon EC2
5 7 (4.93%) Amazon ElastiCache
5 7 (4.93%) Amazon S3
5 7 (4.93%) Amazon SQS
5 7 (4.93%) AWS Lambda
5 7 (4.93%) CloudFront
5 7 (4.93%) Serverless
6 1 (0.70%) AdWords
6 1 (0.70%) BrowserStack
6 1 (0.70%) Datadog
6 1 (0.70%) GitHub
6 1 (0.70%) Google Analytics
6 1 (0.70%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 3 (2.11%) FTP
1 3 (2.11%) SMS
2 2 (1.41%) Firewall
3 1 (0.70%) Broadband
3 1 (0.70%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (14.08%) Relational Database
2 16 (11.27%) Oracle Database
3 15 (10.56%) RDBMS
4 14 (9.86%) PostgreSQL
5 11 (7.75%) MySQL
6 8 (5.63%) DB2
6 8 (5.63%) Oracle Database 12c
7 7 (4.93%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 5 (3.52%) JasperReports
8 5 (3.52%) NoSQL
8 5 (3.52%) Oracle Database 11g
9 4 (2.82%) Oracle Reports
9 4 (2.82%) SAP HANA
10 3 (2.11%) DB2 UDB
10 3 (2.11%) Jackrabbit
10 3 (2.11%) SQL Server
11 2 (1.41%) MongoDB
11 2 (1.41%) Oracle Exadata
12 1 (0.70%) Big Data
12 1 (0.70%) Endeca
Development Applications
1 53 (37.32%) Maven
2 48 (33.80%) Eclipse
3 42 (29.58%) Jenkins
4 41 (28.87%) JUnit
5 38 (26.76%) Git (software)
6 33 (23.24%) Selenium
7 24 (16.90%) Ant
8 19 (13.38%) Gradle
8 19 (13.38%) Subversion
9 14 (9.86%) JIRA
10 13 (9.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 13 (9.15%) Cucumber
10 13 (9.15%) Mockito
10 13 (9.15%) Travis CI
10 13 (9.15%) Vagrant
11 12 (8.45%) Bitbucket
11 12 (8.45%) IntelliJ
12 8 (5.63%) Mercurial
13 7 (4.93%) Checkstyle
13 7 (4.93%) SonarQube
General
1 27 (19.01%) Finance
2 16 (11.27%) Banking
3 6 (4.23%) Law
4 5 (3.52%) Advertising
4 5 (3.52%) Investment Banking
5 4 (2.82%) Marketing
5 4 (2.82%) Retail
6 2 (1.41%) Financial Institution
6 2 (1.41%) Games
6 2 (1.41%) Manufacturing
6 2 (1.41%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.70%) Dutch Language
7 1 (0.70%) French Language
7 1 (0.70%) Legal
Job Titles
1 104 (73.24%) Developer
2 91 (64.08%) Java Developer
3 16 (11.27%) Senior Developer
3 16 (11.27%) Senior Java Developer
4 13 (9.15%) DevOps Engineer
4 13 (9.15%) Java Engineer
4 13 (9.15%) Software Engineer
5 10 (7.04%) Java Software Engineer
6 8 (5.63%) Agile Developer
6 8 (5.63%) Agile Java Developer
6 8 (5.63%) JSP Developer
7 7 (4.93%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 6 (4.23%) Java Software Developer
8 6 (4.23%) Senior Software Engineer
8 6 (4.23%) Software Developer
8 6 (4.23%) Team Leader
9 5 (3.52%) Consultant
9 5 (3.52%) Java Team Leader
9 5 (3.52%) Lead Developer
9 5 (3.52%) Lead Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 102 (71.83%) Spring
2 63 (44.37%) Web Services
3 62 (43.66%) J2EE
4 61 (42.96%) Hibernate
5 52 (36.62%) REST
6 48 (33.80%) JSP
7 44 (30.99%) HTML
8 41 (28.87%) Spring MVC
9 38 (26.76%) CSS
10 37 (26.06%) SOAP
11 36 (25.35%) XML
12 34 (23.94%) AngularJS
13 28 (19.72%) Java EE
14 24 (16.90%) jQuery
15 23 (16.20%) JPA
16 22 (15.49%) Struts2
17 20 (14.08%) Ajax
17 20 (14.08%) RESTful
18 19 (13.38%) JMS
19 18 (12.68%) JSF
Miscellaneous
1 12 (8.45%) Analytical Skills
2 11 (7.75%) Fat Client
2 11 (7.75%) Thin Client
3 7 (4.93%) Mobile App
4 5 (3.52%) User Experience
5 4 (2.82%) e-Learning
5 4 (2.82%) Enterprise Software
6 3 (2.11%) Clustering
6 3 (2.11%) Replication
6 3 (2.11%) SWIFT
7 2 (1.41%) Fintech
7 2 (1.41%) Management Information System
7 2 (1.41%) Oracle Exalogic
7 2 (1.41%) Self-Motivation
8 1 (0.70%) Computer Science
8 1 (0.70%) Data Structures
8 1 (0.70%) Smartphone
8 1 (0.70%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 38 (26.76%) Linux
2 18 (12.68%) Windows
3 14 (9.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 13 (9.15%) Windows Server
5 11 (7.75%) Windows Server 2003
6 9 (6.34%) Unix
7 5 (3.52%) Apple iOS
8 4 (2.82%) Android
9 3 (2.11%) CentOS
9 3 (2.11%) Solaris
10 2 (1.41%) AIX
10 2 (1.41%) Ubuntu
10 2 (1.41%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.70%) Windows 2000
11 1 (0.70%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 76 (53.52%) Agile Software Development
2 54 (38.03%) MVC
3 43 (30.28%) TDD
4 37 (26.06%) Scrum
5 33 (23.24%) Continuous Integration
6 28 (19.72%) DevOps
6 28 (19.72%) Microservices
7 26 (18.31%) SOA
8 24 (16.90%) Software Engineering
9 22 (15.49%) Unit Testing
10 21 (14.79%) BDD
11 17 (11.97%) OO
12 15 (10.56%) Test Automation
13 14 (9.86%) Configuration Management
14 13 (9.15%) User Stories
15 12 (8.45%) Content Management
15 12 (8.45%) E-Commerce
15 12 (8.45%) Pair Programming
15 12 (8.45%) Workflow
16 11 (7.75%) OOA/OOD
Programming Languages
1 135 (95.07%) Java
2 63 (44.37%) JavaScript
3 39 (27.46%) SQL
4 19 (13.38%) Java 8
5 12 (8.45%) PL/SQL
6 9 (6.34%) Python
7 7 (4.93%) PHP
8 5 (3.52%) XPath
9 4 (2.82%) ABAP
9 4 (2.82%) C++
10 3 (2.11%) Groovy
11 2 (1.41%) R
12 1 (0.70%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 17 (11.97%) Security Cleared
2 16 (11.27%) SC Cleared
3 3 (2.11%) Degree
4 1 (0.70%) Computer Science Degree
4 1 (0.70%) CTC Cleared
4 1 (0.70%) OCPJP
4 1 (0.70%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (3.52%) QA
2 2 (1.41%) GDPR
3 1 (0.70%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.70%) MiFID
System Software
1 13 (9.15%) Virtual Machines
1 13 (9.15%) VMware Infrastructure
2 8 (5.63%) Docker
3 4 (2.82%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (2.11%) Active Directory
5 2 (1.41%) Hyper-V
5 2 (1.41%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 18 (12.68%) Puppet
2 13 (9.15%) Ansible
2 13 (9.15%) Packer
2 13 (9.15%) Terraform
3 8 (5.63%) Opscode Chef
4 4 (2.82%) HP ALM
5 3 (2.11%) Kubernetes
6 2 (1.41%) CA Wily
6 2 (1.41%) Tivoli
7 1 (0.70%) HP Quality Center
7 1 (0.70%) Oracle Identity Management
7 1 (0.70%) Oracle Identity Manager
Vendors
1 39 (27.46%) Oracle
2 15 (10.56%) Google
3 13 (9.15%) IBM
3 13 (9.15%) VMware
4 11 (7.75%) Adobe
4 11 (7.75%) Citrix
4 11 (7.75%) MKS
5 7 (4.93%) MuleSoft
6 5 (3.52%) HP
7 4 (2.82%) Red Hat
7 4 (2.82%) SAP
8 3 (2.11%) Concur
8 3 (2.11%) New Relic
9 2 (1.41%) CA
9 2 (1.41%) CA Agile Central
9 2 (1.41%) Splunk
10 1 (0.70%) Atlassian
10 1 (0.70%) FatWire
10 1 (0.70%) Pegasus
10 1 (0.70%) Sun