Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java EE over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE, JEE)
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 366 350 385
Rank change year-on-year -16 +35 +10
Contract jobs citing Java EE 671 711 669
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.65% 0.68% 0.59%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.04% 2.22% 2.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 426 497 420
UK median daily rate £475 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% +1.19% -
10th Percentile £313 £313 £313
90th Percentile £594 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 2 4
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £38.75 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.13% -3.13% -23.81%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -20.00%

Java EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32971 31981 32228
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.98% 30.38% 28.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 23277 22154 22091
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 378 367 553
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - +8.70%
10th Percentile £18.35 £14.40 £15.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.80 £54.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +9.33% - +10.74%

Java EE
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java EE as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java EE in the UK

Java EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java EE.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java EE in the UK

Java EE
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java EE over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java EE in the UK

Java EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java EE.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java EE in the UK

Java EE
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java EE within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -18 579 £500 +11.11% 95
UK excluding London +26 394 £420 +5.00% 56
London -42 264 £525 +16.34% 45
South East -10 122 £450 -5.26% 21
North of England +94 66 £450 +18.42% 9
Midlands -10 65 £425 +1.19% 9
Scotland -19 62 £315 -7.35% 6
East Midlands -2 47 £450 +7.14% 6
North West +47 40 £475 +20.25% 6
South West +5 29 £440 +3.53% 2
East of England -20 26 £400 -15.79% 9
Northern Ireland -14 25 £413 -
Yorkshire +25 20 £425 +16.44% 3
West Midlands -8 18 £425 +13.33% 3
North East +66 6 £380 -

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Java EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Java EE.

1 652 (97.17%) Java
2 380 (56.63%) Agile Software Development
3 340 (50.67%) Spring
4 302 (45.01%) Hibernate
5 246 (36.66%) REST
6 238 (35.47%) Maven
7 229 (34.13%) XML
8 208 (31.00%) SQL
9 207 (30.85%) Web Services
10 204 (30.40%) TDD
11 200 (29.81%) JavaScript
12 187 (27.87%) RESTful
13 180 (26.83%) Git (software)
14 176 (26.23%) JUnit
15 175 (26.08%) Relational Database
16 173 (25.78%) Oracle
17 172 (25.63%) HTML
18 169 (25.19%) JMS
19 158 (23.55%) Jenkins
20 156 (23.25%) JBoss
21 152 (22.65%) OO
22 151 (22.50%) SOAP
23 150 (22.35%) Finance
24 135 (20.12%) Microservices
25 130 (19.37%) Unix
26 127 (18.93%) Test Automation
27 126 (18.78%) Linux
28 125 (18.63%) CSS
28 125 (18.63%) Continuous Integration
29 124 (18.48%) JPA

Java EE
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 156 (23.25%) JBoss
2 105 (15.65%) Tomcat
3 88 (13.11%) WebSphere
4 80 (11.92%) WildFly
5 62 (9.24%) Confluence
6 56 (8.35%) Apache
7 55 (8.20%) WebLogic
8 47 (7.00%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 28 (4.17%) Elasticsearch
10 27 (4.02%) WebSphere Application Server
11 23 (3.43%) IIS
12 20 (2.98%) Mule
13 17 (2.53%) GlassFish
14 16 (2.38%) Apache Spark
15 13 (1.94%) CMS
16 12 (1.79%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 12 (1.79%) Apache Solr
17 10 (1.49%) Oracle Application Server
18 9 (1.34%) SharePoint
19 8 (1.19%) Liferay
Applications
1 6 (0.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.60%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.30%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 22 (3.28%) Oracle BPM
2 5 (0.75%) ION MarketView
3 4 (0.60%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.30%) Actimize
4 2 (0.30%) assyst
4 2 (0.30%) OpenText MBPM
4 2 (0.30%) OpenText Process Suite
4 2 (0.30%) Oracle Cash Management
4 2 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.15%) Oracle SCM
Cloud Services
1 79 (11.77%) Amazon AWS
2 44 (6.56%) PaaS
3 38 (5.66%) Microsoft Azure
4 36 (5.37%) IaaS
5 21 (3.13%) Cloud Computing
6 18 (2.68%) SaaS
7 10 (1.49%) Amazon S3
7 10 (1.49%) GitHub
8 9 (1.34%) Google Cloud Platform
9 5 (0.75%) Azure Active Directory
9 5 (0.75%) Bluemix
9 5 (0.75%) Google Analytics
9 5 (0.75%) Google Checkout
9 5 (0.75%) IBM Cloud
10 4 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
10 4 (0.60%) Boomi
10 4 (0.60%) Serverless
11 3 (0.45%) Amazon ELB
11 3 (0.45%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 3 (0.45%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 33 (4.92%) Internet
2 24 (3.58%) Firewall
3 23 (3.43%) TCP/IP
4 18 (2.68%) HTTP
5 12 (1.79%) LDAP
6 11 (1.64%) BIG-IP
6 11 (1.64%) Intranet
7 10 (1.49%) SSL
8 9 (1.34%) NetScaler
9 5 (0.75%) AMQP
9 5 (0.75%) DNS
10 4 (0.60%) Wireshark
11 3 (0.45%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
11 3 (0.45%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
11 3 (0.45%) HTTPS
11 3 (0.45%) LAN
11 3 (0.45%) WAN
12 2 (0.30%) Kerberos
12 2 (0.30%) VPN
12 2 (0.30%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 175 (26.08%) Relational Database
2 118 (17.59%) RDBMS
3 96 (14.31%) NoSQL
4 77 (11.48%) MySQL
5 45 (6.71%) MongoDB
6 44 (6.56%) SQL Server
7 28 (4.17%) PostgreSQL
8 27 (4.02%) Oracle Database
9 26 (3.87%) Hadoop
10 25 (3.73%) Big Data
11 23 (3.43%) DB2
12 20 (2.98%) MarkLogic
13 13 (1.94%) Apache Cassandra
14 9 (1.34%) Data Warehouse
15 8 (1.19%) Oracle Exadata
15 8 (1.19%) Snowflake Schema
16 7 (1.04%) Apache Hive
16 7 (1.04%) MariaDB
17 6 (0.89%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
17 6 (0.89%) Redis
Development Applications
1 238 (35.47%) Maven
2 180 (26.83%) Git (software)
3 176 (26.23%) JUnit
4 158 (23.55%) Jenkins
5 114 (16.99%) JIRA
6 92 (13.71%) Mockito
7 81 (12.07%) Subversion
8 65 (9.69%) SonarQube
9 61 (9.09%) Eclipse
10 60 (8.94%) Vagrant
11 52 (7.75%) Checkstyle
11 52 (7.75%) Liquibase
12 49 (7.30%) Ant
13 36 (5.37%) Gradle
14 35 (5.22%) Cucumber
15 31 (4.62%) Selenium
16 27 (4.02%) Hudson
17 21 (3.13%) Bitbucket
18 18 (2.68%) Team Foundation Server
19 17 (2.53%) JBehave
General
1 150 (22.35%) Finance
2 105 (15.65%) Banking
3 23 (3.43%) Retail
4 19 (2.83%) Marketing
4 19 (2.83%) Telecoms
5 12 (1.79%) Front Office
5 12 (1.79%) Manufacturing
6 11 (1.64%) Investment Banking
7 10 (1.49%) Games
8 9 (1.34%) Electronics
9 6 (0.89%) French Language
9 6 (0.89%) Publishing
10 5 (0.75%) Automotive
10 5 (0.75%) Financial Institution
10 5 (0.75%) Online Betting
11 4 (0.60%) Retail Banking
12 2 (0.30%) Back Office
12 2 (0.30%) Billing
12 2 (0.30%) Multimedia
12 2 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 491 (73.17%) Developer
2 422 (62.89%) Java Developer
3 96 (14.31%) Senior Developer
4 76 (11.33%) Architect
5 75 (11.18%) Senior Java Developer
6 31 (4.62%) Full Stack Developer
6 31 (4.62%) HTML Developer
7 30 (4.47%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 28 (4.17%) Java Architect
8 28 (4.17%) JavaScript Developer
9 25 (3.73%) J2EE Developer
10 24 (3.58%) Agile Developer
10 24 (3.58%) Java Engineer
11 23 (3.43%) Software Engineer
12 22 (3.28%) Agile Java Developer
12 22 (3.28%) HTML CSS Developer
12 22 (3.28%) Solutions Architect
13 21 (3.13%) Integration Developer
14 19 (2.83%) Lead Developer
14 19 (2.83%) Senior JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 340 (50.67%) Spring
2 302 (45.01%) Hibernate
3 246 (36.66%) REST
4 229 (34.13%) XML
5 207 (30.85%) Web Services
6 187 (27.87%) RESTful
7 172 (25.63%) HTML
8 169 (25.19%) JMS
9 151 (22.50%) SOAP
10 125 (18.63%) CSS
11 124 (18.48%) JPA
12 113 (16.84%) Spring Boot
13 104 (15.50%) AngularJS
14 101 (15.05%) J2EE
15 96 (14.31%) JSON
16 95 (14.16%) Drools
17 80 (11.92%) JAX-RS
18 75 (11.18%) JSP
19 74 (11.03%) XSLT
20 70 (10.43%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 52 (7.75%) Linux Command Line
2 22 (3.28%) Analytical Skills
2 22 (3.28%) User Experience
2 22 (3.28%) Virtual Team
3 20 (2.98%) Enterprise Software
4 19 (2.83%) Computer Science
4 19 (2.83%) Mobile App
5 11 (1.64%) PKI
6 10 (1.49%) DataPower
7 9 (1.34%) Fixed Income
8 8 (1.19%) Online Games
8 8 (1.19%) Public Cloud
9 6 (0.89%) Mobile Banking
10 5 (0.75%) Equities
10 5 (0.75%) Greenfield Project
10 5 (0.75%) Management Information System
11 4 (0.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 4 (0.60%) SWIFT
12 3 (0.45%) iPad
12 3 (0.45%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 130 (19.37%) Unix
2 126 (18.78%) Linux
3 54 (8.05%) VMS
4 50 (7.45%) Windows
5 43 (6.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 32 (4.77%) Android
6 32 (4.77%) Apple iOS
7 24 (3.58%) Windows Server
8 14 (2.09%) CentOS
9 10 (1.49%) Mac OS X
10 9 (1.34%) AIX
11 8 (1.19%) Debian
11 8 (1.19%) Ubuntu
12 7 (1.04%) HPUX
12 7 (1.04%) Solaris
13 6 (0.89%) Windows 7
13 6 (0.89%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.45%) Oracle Linux
15 1 (0.15%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 380 (56.63%) Agile Software Development
2 204 (30.40%) TDD
3 152 (22.65%) OO
4 135 (20.12%) Microservices
5 127 (18.93%) Test Automation
6 125 (18.63%) Continuous Integration
7 114 (16.99%) Scrum
8 105 (15.65%) MVC
9 98 (14.61%) SOA
10 85 (12.67%) Unit Testing
11 83 (12.37%) DevOps
12 75 (11.18%) OOA/OOD
13 73 (10.88%) SDLC
14 72 (10.73%) E-Commerce
15 70 (10.43%) Domain-Driven Design
16 68 (10.13%) Dependency Injection
17 65 (9.69%) Open Source
18 64 (9.54%) BDD
19 61 (9.09%) CQRS
20 59 (8.79%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 652 (97.17%) Java
2 208 (31.00%) SQL
3 200 (29.81%) JavaScript
4 52 (7.75%) JPQL
5 36 (5.37%) PL/SQL
6 29 (4.32%) Perl
6 29 (4.32%) Scala
7 25 (3.73%) C#
8 24 (3.58%) Python
9 23 (3.43%) XPath
10 22 (3.28%) TypeScript
11 21 (3.13%) Shell Script
12 20 (2.98%) C++
13 19 (2.83%) Groovy
14 11 (1.64%) C
15 10 (1.49%) Bash Shell
16 8 (1.19%) Objective-C
16 8 (1.19%) PHP
17 5 (0.75%) VB
17 5 (0.75%) VC++
Qualifications
1 70 (10.43%) Security Cleared
2 40 (5.96%) SC Cleared
3 28 (4.17%) Degree
4 9 (1.34%) BPSS Clearance
5 5 (0.75%) DV Cleared
5 5 (0.75%) ISTQB
6 4 (0.60%) Computer Science Degree
7 3 (0.45%) CISSP
7 3 (0.45%) RHCE
7 3 (0.45%) RHCSA
8 1 (0.15%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.15%) OCPJP
8 1 (0.15%) PMI Certification
8 1 (0.15%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (3.13%) QA
2 8 (1.19%) Disclosure Scotland
3 5 (0.75%) GCP
4 4 (0.60%) SLA
5 3 (0.45%) SEPA
6 1 (0.15%) MiFID
System Software
1 56 (8.35%) Docker
2 13 (1.94%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.89%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (0.45%) HDFS
5 1 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.15%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 48 (7.15%) Ansible
2 36 (5.37%) Puppet
3 34 (5.07%) Opscode Chef
4 6 (0.89%) Kubernetes
5 5 (0.75%) Galera Cluster
5 5 (0.75%) OpenNebula
6 4 (0.60%) Hadoop YARN
6 4 (0.60%) Nagios
7 3 (0.45%) HP Quality Center
8 2 (0.30%) ITRS Geneos
8 2 (0.30%) Terraform
8 2 (0.30%) ZABBIX
9 1 (0.15%) Cobbler
9 1 (0.15%) Rancher
9 1 (0.15%) Salt
Vendors
1 173 (25.78%) Oracle
2 46 (6.86%) Microsoft
3 40 (5.96%) Red Hat
4 38 (5.66%) IBM
5 22 (3.28%) Perforce
6 15 (2.24%) SAP
7 13 (1.94%) Adobe
8 12 (1.79%) F5
8 12 (1.79%) MuleSoft
9 11 (1.64%) Google
9 11 (1.64%) hybris
10 10 (1.49%) CA
11 9 (1.34%) CA Agile Central
11 9 (1.34%) Citrix
12 8 (1.19%) webMethods
12 8 (1.19%) WSO2
13 6 (0.89%) Sybase
14 5 (0.75%) Atlassian
14 5 (0.75%) Coremetrics
14 5 (0.75%) ION Trading