Period
to 4 December 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Legacy Applications in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Legacy Applications over the 6 months to 4 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Legacy Application
UK
6 months to
4 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 580 498 611
Rank change year-on-year -82 +113 +94
Contract jobs citing Legacy Applications 265 80 193
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.30% 0.21% 0.23%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.99% 0.68% 0.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 195 53 112
10th Percentile £456 £362 £331
25th Percentile £500 £431 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £592 £525 £534
Median % change year-on-year +12.67% -1.64% +5.69%
75th Percentile £700 £583 £628
90th Percentile £763 £650 £698
UK excluding London median daily rate £533 £463 £455
% change year-on-year +15.14% +1.65% -9.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 0 0
Median hourly rate £75.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £75.00 - -

Legacy Applications is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 26,681 11,812 23,391
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.04% 31.46% 28.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,869 8,053 15,342
10th Percentile £300 £263 £260
25th Percentile £413 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% - -
75th Percentile £638 £600 £575
90th Percentile £725 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £420 £425
% change year-on-year +7.14% -1.18% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 717 435 859
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.11 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.04 £16.50 £14.94
Median hourly rate £25.00 £26.65 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -6.19% +26.90% +5.00%
75th Percentile £49.50 £45.13 £45.21
90th Percentile £65.00 £58.75 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year -20.00% +21.95% +10.81%

Legacy Applications
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Legacy Applications as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Legacy Applications in the UK

Legacy Applications
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Legacy Applications.

Daily rate trend for Legacy Applications in the UK

Legacy Applications
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Legacy Applications over the 6 months to 4 December 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Legacy Applications in the UK

Legacy Applications
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Legacy Applications.

Hourly rate trend for Legacy Applications in the UK

Legacy Applications
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Legacy Applications within the UK over the 6 months to 4 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -78 231 £592 +12.67% 60
London -86 143 £625 +12.61% 19
UK excluding London -97 89 £533 +15.14% 43
Work from Home -155 70 £650 +8.33% 7
South East -56 35 £551 +33.45% 6
South West -40 22 £550 +4.76% 5
Scotland -55 15 £488 +16.42% 1
East of England -51 7 £500 +30.72% 6
North of England -69 7 £463 -2.63% 12
Midlands -80 5 £425 -22.73% 12
Yorkshire -40 4 £475 +5.56% 1
West Midlands -53 4 £503 +0.50% 9
North West -45 3 £450 -5.26% 10

For the 6 months to 4 December 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Legacy Applications also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Legacy Applications.

1 86 (32.45%) Agile Software Development
2 76 (28.68%) Finance
2 76 (28.68%) Azure
3 68 (25.66%) Kubernetes
4 67 (25.28%) Microservices
5 59 (22.26%) SQL
6 58 (21.89%) Java
7 57 (21.51%) Docker
8 54 (20.38%) DevOps
9 50 (18.87%) Social Skills
9 50 (18.87%) AWS
10 43 (16.23%) Migration
11 39 (14.72%) Linux
12 38 (14.34%) Microsoft
12 38 (14.34%) Jenkins
13 37 (13.96%) Security Cleared
13 37 (13.96%) Active Directory
14 36 (13.58%) Software Engineering
15 35 (13.21%) Windows
15 35 (13.21%) Python
16 33 (12.45%) Oracle
16 33 (12.45%) Information Security
17 32 (12.08%) JavaScript
18 30 (11.32%) Project Management
18 30 (11.32%) Analytics
18 30 (11.32%) SaaS
18 30 (11.32%) Terraform
19 29 (10.94%) Stakeholder Management
20 28 (10.57%) Web Services
20 28 (10.57%) SC Cleared

Legacy Applications
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (7.92%) Apache Spark
2 8 (3.02%) Apache Pig
2 8 (3.02%) Tomcat
3 6 (2.26%) Cloud Foundry
3 6 (2.26%) Elasticsearch
3 6 (2.26%) MS Exchange
3 6 (2.26%) SharePoint
4 5 (1.89%) Anypoint
5 4 (1.51%) JBoss
5 4 (1.51%) OpenStack
5 4 (1.51%) SAS
6 3 (1.13%) Appian
6 3 (1.13%) Camunda
6 3 (1.13%) Mule
6 3 (1.13%) WebLogic
7 2 (0.75%) Confluence
7 2 (0.75%) Oracle Workflow
7 2 (0.75%) WebSphere
7 2 (0.75%) WordPress
8 1 (0.38%) Exchange Server 2007
Applications
1 6 (2.26%) Microsoft Project
2 5 (1.89%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (1.13%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.75%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 4 (1.51%) Oracle Receivables
1 4 (1.51%) SAP S/4HANA
2 3 (1.13%) Dynamics NAV
2 3 (1.13%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
2 3 (1.13%) SAP CO
2 3 (1.13%) SAP FI
2 3 (1.13%) SAP FI/CO
3 2 (0.75%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.75%) SAP CRM
3 2 (0.75%) Shopify
4 1 (0.38%) Cerner Millennium
4 1 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.38%) Oracle Assets
4 1 (0.38%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.38%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.38%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.38%) Oracle Internet Expenses
4 1 (0.38%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.38%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 1 (0.38%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 76 (28.68%) Azure
2 50 (18.87%) AWS
3 30 (11.32%) SaaS
4 18 (6.79%) PaaS
5 16 (6.04%) Serverless
6 15 (5.66%) Amazon S3
6 15 (5.66%) Azure Active Directory
6 15 (5.66%) Microsoft 365
7 12 (4.53%) GCP
7 12 (4.53%) iPaaS
8 11 (4.15%) Amazon EC2
8 11 (4.15%) Azure Storage
9 10 (3.77%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 10 (3.77%) GitHub
10 9 (3.40%) Azure Data Factory
11 8 (3.02%) Azure Functions
12 7 (2.64%) AWS Lambda
12 7 (2.64%) Azure Service Bus
13 5 (1.89%) Dynamics 365
13 5 (1.89%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 4 (1.51%) FTP
2 3 (1.13%) DNS
2 3 (1.13%) HTTP
2 3 (1.13%) HTTPS
2 3 (1.13%) Intranet
2 3 (1.13%) VPN
3 2 (0.75%) Firewall
3 2 (0.75%) Software-Defined Networking
3 2 (0.75%) SSL
4 1 (0.38%) DHCP
4 1 (0.38%) Internet
4 1 (0.38%) LAN
4 1 (0.38%) NetScaler
4 1 (0.38%) OpenLDAP
4 1 (0.38%) VoIP
4 1 (0.38%) WAN
4 1 (0.38%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (9.81%) PostgreSQL
2 22 (8.30%) Data Warehouse
2 22 (8.30%) SQL Server
3 18 (6.79%) Big Data
4 16 (6.04%) Geospatial Data
4 16 (6.04%) GIS
5 14 (5.28%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
5 14 (5.28%) SAP HANA
6 13 (4.91%) MongoDB
7 12 (4.53%) Azure SQL Database
7 12 (4.53%) NoSQL
7 12 (4.53%) Relational Database
8 11 (4.15%) Amazon RDS
8 11 (4.15%) Data Lake
9 10 (3.77%) MySQL
10 9 (3.40%) Tableau
11 8 (3.02%) Hadoop
12 6 (2.26%) Apache Hive
12 6 (2.26%) Parquet
13 5 (1.89%) DB2
Development Applications
1 38 (14.34%) Jenkins
2 16 (6.04%) Eclipse
2 16 (6.04%) NetBeans
2 16 (6.04%) Rational DOORS
2 16 (6.04%) Rational Rhapsody
2 16 (6.04%) Rational Team Concert
3 13 (4.91%) Git (software)
4 10 (3.77%) Maven
5 7 (2.64%) Gradle
5 7 (2.64%) TeamCity
6 6 (2.26%) Artifactory
6 6 (2.26%) Hudson
6 6 (2.26%) IntelliJ
6 6 (2.26%) Subversion
7 5 (1.89%) Mockito
8 4 (1.51%) JUnit
8 4 (1.51%) PowerDesigner
8 4 (1.51%) WebDriver
9 3 (1.13%) JIRA
9 3 (1.13%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 76 (28.68%) Finance
2 50 (18.87%) Social Skills
3 18 (6.79%) Banking
4 16 (6.04%) Public Sector
5 15 (5.66%) Organisational Skills
6 13 (4.91%) Analytical Skills
7 11 (4.15%) Legal
8 10 (3.77%) Front Office
9 9 (3.40%) Telecoms
10 5 (1.89%) Retail
11 4 (1.51%) Law
12 3 (1.13%) General Ledger
12 3 (1.13%) Presentation Skills
13 2 (0.75%) Automotive
13 2 (0.75%) Billing
13 2 (0.75%) Documentation Skills
13 2 (0.75%) Influencing Skills
13 2 (0.75%) Manufacturing
13 2 (0.75%) Retail Banking
14 1 (0.38%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 58 (21.89%) Developer
2 56 (21.13%) Architect
3 20 (7.55%) DevOps Engineer
4 18 (6.79%) Project Manager
5 17 (6.42%) Software Engineer
6 16 (6.04%) C Software Engineer
6 16 (6.04%) Java Engineer
6 16 (6.04%) Java Software Engineer
7 14 (5.28%) C/C++ Software Engineer
7 14 (5.28%) C++ Software Engineer
7 14 (5.28%) Data Engineer
7 14 (5.28%) Java Developer
8 12 (4.53%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 12 (4.53%) Solutions Architect
9 11 (4.15%) Analyst
9 11 (4.15%) Cloud Engineer
9 11 (4.15%) Senior Developer
10 10 (3.77%) Azure Engineer
10 10 (3.77%) Consultant
10 10 (3.77%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 28 (10.57%) Web Services
2 25 (9.43%) Kafka
3 19 (7.17%) React
4 16 (6.04%) .NET
4 16 (6.04%) CORBA
4 16 (6.04%) Motif
5 15 (5.66%) Spring
6 11 (4.15%) HTML
6 11 (4.15%) REST
6 11 (4.15%) Spring Boot
7 10 (3.77%) OAuth
7 10 (3.77%) OAuth2
7 10 (3.77%) RabbitMQ
7 10 (3.77%) RESTful
8 9 (3.40%) CSS
9 8 (3.02%) JSON
10 7 (2.64%) Django
10 7 (2.64%) NumPy
10 7 (2.64%) SciPy
10 7 (2.64%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 25 (9.43%) Cloud Native
2 18 (6.79%) Client/Server
3 14 (5.28%) Data Protection Act
3 14 (5.28%) Public Cloud
4 12 (4.53%) Data Centre
5 11 (4.15%) Legacy Systems
6 7 (2.64%) Algorithms
6 7 (2.64%) Enterprise Software
7 6 (2.26%) Management Information System
7 6 (2.26%) User Experience
8 5 (1.89%) Mobile App
8 5 (1.89%) Private Cloud
8 5 (1.89%) Virtual Team
9 4 (1.51%) Greenfield Project
9 4 (1.51%) NHS
10 3 (1.13%) Credit Risk
10 3 (1.13%) Data Structures
10 3 (1.13%) EFT
10 3 (1.13%) Market Risk
11 2 (0.75%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 39 (14.72%) Linux
2 35 (13.21%) Windows
3 9 (3.40%) Unix
4 6 (2.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 6 (2.26%) Ubuntu
5 5 (1.89%) Android
5 5 (1.89%) Debian
5 5 (1.89%) Windows Server
6 4 (1.51%) Windows 7
7 3 (1.13%) VMS
7 3 (1.13%) zOS
8 2 (0.75%) Apple iOS
8 2 (0.75%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.75%) Windows Server 2003
9 1 (0.38%) CentOS
9 1 (0.38%) Mac OS X Server
9 1 (0.38%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.38%) Windows Server 2016
9 1 (0.38%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 86 (32.45%) Agile Software Development
2 67 (25.28%) Microservices
3 54 (20.38%) DevOps
4 43 (16.23%) Migration
5 36 (13.58%) Software Engineering
6 33 (12.45%) Information Security
7 30 (11.32%) Analytics
7 30 (11.32%) Project Management
8 29 (10.94%) Stakeholder Management
9 26 (9.81%) SDLC
10 24 (9.06%) Scrum
11 22 (8.30%) Configuration Management
12 21 (7.92%) Project Delivery
13 19 (7.17%) TDD
14 18 (6.79%) Data Protection
15 16 (6.04%) ITIL
16 15 (5.66%) Data Migration
16 15 (5.66%) Workflow
17 14 (5.28%) Infrastructure as Code
17 14 (5.28%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 59 (22.26%) SQL
2 58 (21.89%) Java
3 35 (13.21%) Python
4 32 (12.08%) JavaScript
5 22 (8.30%) PowerShell
6 20 (7.55%) C++
7 18 (6.79%) C
7 18 (6.79%) C#
8 16 (6.04%) PL/SQL
9 15 (5.66%) T-SQL
10 13 (4.91%) Bash Shell
11 11 (4.15%) Java 8
12 10 (3.77%) Kotlin
12 10 (3.77%) PHP
12 10 (3.77%) Scala
13 9 (3.40%) Perl
14 6 (2.26%) Go
15 4 (1.51%) Java 11
16 3 (1.13%) ANSI SQL
16 3 (1.13%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 37 (13.96%) Security Cleared
2 28 (10.57%) SC Cleared
3 7 (2.64%) DV Cleared
4 5 (1.89%) ACCA
4 5 (1.89%) CIMA
4 5 (1.89%) PMI Certification
4 5 (1.89%) PMP
5 3 (1.13%) BPSS Clearance
5 3 (1.13%) Degree
5 3 (1.13%) ISTQB
6 2 (0.75%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (3.77%) Data Quality
2 6 (2.26%) GDPR
3 3 (1.13%) Accessibility
3 3 (1.13%) NCSC
3 3 (1.13%) SLA
4 2 (0.75%) HL7
4 2 (0.75%) PMO
5 1 (0.38%) COBIT
5 1 (0.38%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.38%) QA
System Software
1 57 (21.51%) Docker
2 37 (13.96%) Active Directory
3 6 (2.26%) Virtual Desktop
4 5 (1.89%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.75%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.38%) Citrix Hypervisor
6 1 (0.38%) Microsoft App-V
6 1 (0.38%) NFS
6 1 (0.38%) Terminal Services
6 1 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.38%) vSphere
6 1 (0.38%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 68 (25.66%) Kubernetes
2 30 (11.32%) Terraform
3 20 (7.55%) Ansible
4 11 (4.15%) Single Sign-On
5 9 (3.40%) SCCM
6 6 (2.26%) Docker Swarm
6 6 (2.26%) Kibana
6 6 (2.26%) logstash
6 6 (2.26%) Oozie
7 5 (1.89%) Grafana
8 4 (1.51%) ThinApp
9 3 (1.13%) Opscode Chef
9 3 (1.13%) Puppet
10 2 (0.75%) Prometheus
10 2 (0.75%) Sysdig
11 1 (0.38%) CA Service Virtualization
11 1 (0.38%) Failover Clustering
11 1 (0.38%) Microsoft Clustering
11 1 (0.38%) Microsoft Intune
11 1 (0.38%) Packer
Vendors
1 38 (14.34%) Microsoft
2 33 (12.45%) Oracle
3 24 (9.06%) MuleSoft
4 17 (6.42%) SAP
5 13 (4.91%) VMware
6 12 (4.53%) Cloudera
6 12 (4.53%) Google
7 9 (3.40%) NetApp
7 9 (3.40%) Salesforce.com
8 8 (3.02%) Dell
9 7 (2.64%) Red Hat
10 4 (1.51%) BiZZdesign
10 4 (1.51%) Hortonworks
10 4 (1.51%) IBM
11 3 (1.13%) Adaptive Insights
11 3 (1.13%) CA Agile Central
11 3 (1.13%) Cognos
11 3 (1.13%) Dynatrace
11 3 (1.13%) Epicor
11 3 (1.13%) PeopleSoft