Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Reference Data in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Reference Data over the 6 months to 21 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Reference Data
UK
6 months to
21 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 589 528 491
Rank change year-on-year -61 -37 +212
Contract jobs citing Reference Data 255 167 147
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.29% 0.29% 0.30%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.92% 0.94% 1.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 159 114 119
10th Percentile £425 £454 £400
25th Percentile £500 £513 £488
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £575 £575
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% - +9.52%
75th Percentile £750 £663 £713
90th Percentile £800 £725 £781
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £555 £469
% change year-on-year -9.91% +18.23% -10.58%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 0
10th Percentile - £34.25 -
25th Percentile £82.75 £36.88 -
Median hourly rate £83.50 £42.50 -
Median % change year-on-year +96.47% - -
75th Percentile £84.25 £46.88 -
90th Percentile - £48.75 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Reference Data is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 27,816 17,782 14,423
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.51% 30.41% 29.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,527 11,947 9,354
10th Percentile £313 £300 £250
25th Percentile £425 £400 £370
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £593
90th Percentile £763 £700 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +11.76% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 725 661 622
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.25 £12.64
25th Percentile £17.13 £16.00 £16.20
Median hourly rate £27.00 £26.00 £23.00
Median % change year-on-year +3.85% +13.04% +10.84%
75th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £46.48
90th Percentile £66.00 £60.00 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.13 £24.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year -11.98% +17.07% +7.89%

Reference Data
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Reference Data as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Reference Data in the UK

Reference Data
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Reference Data.

Daily rate trend for Reference Data in the UK

Reference Data
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Reference Data over the 6 months to 21 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Reference Data in the UK

Reference Data
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Reference Data.

Hourly rate trend for Reference Data in the UK

Reference Data
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Reference Data within the UK over the 6 months to 21 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -80 213 £613 +6.52% 18
London -87 150 £620 +7.83% 14
Work from Home -86 109 £608 +5.65% 4
UK excluding London -38 57 £500 -9.91% 5
South East -15 30 £750 +7.14% 1
North of England -48 13 £384 -26.86% 1
Yorkshire -33 9 £500 -
East of England -29 6 £550 -4.35% 1
North West -38 4 £362 -39.67% 1
Midlands -47 3 £575 +21.05%
West Midlands -52 3 £575 +21.05%
Scotland - 3 - - 1
South West -24 2 £158 -58.00% 1

For the 6 months to 21 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Reference Data also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Reference Data.

1 125 (49.02%) Data Modelling
2 116 (45.49%) SQL
3 108 (42.35%) Finance
4 91 (35.69%) Agile
5 81 (31.76%) Social Skills
6 58 (22.75%) Logical Data Model
7 56 (21.96%) Analytics
8 53 (20.78%) Data Analysis
9 51 (20.00%) Data Management
9 51 (20.00%) Data Warehouse
9 51 (20.00%) Physical Data Model
9 51 (20.00%) Analytical Skills
10 49 (19.22%) Data Quality
11 47 (18.43%) Banking
11 47 (18.43%) Metadata
12 45 (17.65%) Relational Database
13 44 (17.25%) Azure
13 44 (17.25%) Migration
14 42 (16.47%) JIRA
14 42 (16.47%) Data Architecture
15 39 (15.29%) ERwin
15 39 (15.29%) Java
16 38 (14.90%) Stakeholder Management
16 38 (14.90%) Data Migration
17 36 (14.12%) ETL
17 36 (14.12%) DevOps
18 32 (12.55%) Data Cleansing
18 32 (12.55%) RDBMS
19 31 (12.16%) AWS
19 31 (12.16%) Reference Data Management

Reference Data
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (9.80%) Confluence
2 7 (2.75%) Apache Spark
3 6 (2.35%) SAS
4 4 (1.57%) IIS
5 3 (1.18%) SharePoint
6 2 (0.78%) Apache
6 2 (0.78%) Apache Airflow
6 2 (0.78%) Oracle Coherence
7 1 (0.39%) Apache Pig
7 1 (0.39%) Elasticsearch
Applications
1 12 (4.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (3.14%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 5 (1.96%) Markit EDM
2 5 (1.96%) SimCorp Dimension
3 3 (1.18%) Avolution ABACUS
4 2 (0.78%) Hyperion Planning
4 2 (0.78%) Misys Midas
4 2 (0.78%) Oracle EBS R12
4 2 (0.78%) Oracle ERP
4 2 (0.78%) Oracle FAH
4 2 (0.78%) Oracle General Ledger
4 2 (0.78%) Oracle Payables
4 2 (0.78%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 1 (0.39%) CA PPM
5 1 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.39%) Oracle Financials
5 1 (0.39%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.39%) SAP PLM
5 1 (0.39%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 44 (17.25%) Azure
2 31 (12.16%) AWS
3 21 (8.24%) GCP
4 13 (5.10%) Azure Service Bus
5 12 (4.71%) Power Platform
5 12 (4.71%) Serverless
6 11 (4.31%) Collibra
7 10 (3.92%) Amazon SQS
7 10 (3.92%) Azure Functions
7 10 (3.92%) Azure Logic Apps
8 8 (3.14%) Azure Data Factory
8 8 (3.14%) Azure Synapse Analytics
9 6 (2.35%) Azure Machine Learning
9 6 (2.35%) GitHub
10 4 (1.57%) dbt
10 4 (1.57%) Snowflake
11 3 (1.18%) Amazon S3
12 2 (0.78%) Amazon EC2
12 2 (0.78%) AWS Lambda
12 2 (0.78%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 14 (5.49%) 2G
1 14 (5.49%) 3G
1 14 (5.49%) 4G
1 14 (5.49%) 5G
1 14 (5.49%) Diameter Protocol
2 2 (0.78%) FTP
3 1 (0.39%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (20.00%) Data Warehouse
2 47 (18.43%) Metadata
3 45 (17.65%) Relational Database
4 32 (12.55%) RDBMS
5 29 (11.37%) Big Data
6 24 (9.41%) PostgreSQL
7 22 (8.63%) SQL Server
8 20 (7.84%) NoSQL
9 19 (7.45%) Data Lake
10 17 (6.67%) Azure SQL Database
11 15 (5.88%) BigQuery
12 12 (4.71%) Oracle Database
12 12 (4.71%) Power BI
13 9 (3.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 8 (3.14%) Business Intelligence Development Studio
14 8 (3.14%) Pentaho
14 8 (3.14%) Qlik Sense
14 8 (3.14%) QlikView
14 8 (3.14%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 7 (2.75%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 42 (16.47%) JIRA
2 39 (15.29%) ERwin
3 21 (8.24%) Git (software)
4 19 (7.45%) ER Studio
5 9 (3.53%) GitLab
6 8 (3.14%) SpecFlow
6 8 (3.14%) webpack
7 4 (1.57%) Jenkins
8 3 (1.18%) Cypress.io
9 2 (0.78%) Visual Studio
10 1 (0.39%) Artifactory
10 1 (0.39%) CMake
10 1 (0.39%) Cucumber
10 1 (0.39%) IntelliJ
10 1 (0.39%) MagicDraw
10 1 (0.39%) Maven
10 1 (0.39%) Mercurial
10 1 (0.39%) MSBuild
10 1 (0.39%) Selenium
10 1 (0.39%) TeamCity
General
1 108 (42.35%) Finance
2 81 (31.76%) Social Skills
3 51 (20.00%) Analytical Skills
4 47 (18.43%) Banking
5 30 (11.76%) Public Sector
6 21 (8.24%) Marketing
7 15 (5.88%) Investment Banking
8 13 (5.10%) Front Office
9 11 (4.31%) Legal
10 9 (3.53%) Telecoms
11 8 (3.14%) Electronics
11 8 (3.14%) Manufacturing
12 5 (1.96%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 5 (1.96%) Presentation Skills
12 5 (1.96%) Retail
12 5 (1.96%) Wholesale Banking
13 4 (1.57%) Financial Institution
14 3 (1.18%) Back Office
14 3 (1.18%) General Ledger
15 2 (0.78%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 68 (26.67%) Analyst
2 41 (16.08%) Architect
2 41 (16.08%) Data Modeller
2 41 (16.08%) Developer
3 37 (14.51%) Data Architect
4 31 (12.16%) Business Analyst
4 31 (12.16%) Data Analyst
5 22 (8.63%) Data Engineer
6 13 (5.10%) Test Engineer
7 12 (4.71%) Integration Engineer
7 12 (4.71%) Test and Integration Engineer
8 10 (3.92%) Finance Modeller
8 10 (3.92%) Integration Developer
8 10 (3.92%) Microsoft Developer
9 9 (3.53%) Data Business Analyst
9 9 (3.53%) Test Leader
10 8 (3.14%) Project Manager
10 8 (3.14%) React Developer
11 7 (2.75%) Java Developer
11 7 (2.75%) Salesforce Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 24 (9.41%) Kafka
2 21 (8.24%) React
3 19 (7.45%) JSON
4 14 (5.49%) .NET
5 13 (5.10%) .NET Framework
5 13 (5.10%) ASP.NET
5 13 (5.10%) Entity Framework
5 13 (5.10%) XML
6 12 (4.71%) Web Services
7 11 (4.31%) REST
7 11 (4.31%) RESTful
8 10 (3.92%) ASP.NET Core
8 10 (3.92%) GraphQL
8 10 (3.92%) Node.js
9 9 (3.53%) AngularJS
10 8 (3.14%) Express
10 8 (3.14%) HTML5
10 8 (3.14%) LESS
10 8 (3.14%) Redux
10 8 (3.14%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 18 (7.06%) Self-Motivation
2 15 (5.88%) Derivative
3 14 (5.49%) Analytical Mindset
4 13 (5.10%) Equities
5 12 (4.71%) Legacy Systems
5 12 (4.71%) Management Information System
5 12 (4.71%) User Experience
6 11 (4.31%) Fixed Income
6 11 (4.31%) Hedge funds
7 10 (3.92%) Taxonomies
8 9 (3.53%) SCADA
9 8 (3.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 7 (2.75%) Data Centre
11 6 (2.35%) Data Structures
12 5 (1.96%) Blockchain
12 5 (1.96%) Credit Risk
12 5 (1.96%) Equity Derivative
12 5 (1.96%) Greenfield Project
12 5 (1.96%) Market Risk
13 3 (1.18%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 10 (3.92%) Unix
2 6 (2.35%) Linux
3 4 (1.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 2 (0.78%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 125 (49.02%) Data Modelling
2 91 (35.69%) Agile
3 58 (22.75%) Logical Data Model
4 56 (21.96%) Analytics
5 53 (20.78%) Data Analysis
6 51 (20.00%) Data Management
6 51 (20.00%) Physical Data Model
7 44 (17.25%) Migration
8 42 (16.47%) Data Architecture
9 38 (14.90%) Data Migration
9 38 (14.90%) Stakeholder Management
10 36 (14.12%) DevOps
10 36 (14.12%) ETL
11 32 (12.55%) Data Cleansing
12 31 (12.16%) Reference Data Management
13 30 (11.76%) Data Governance
13 30 (11.76%) Scrum
14 27 (10.59%) Data Ingestion
14 27 (10.59%) Validation
15 25 (9.80%) Metadata Management
Programming Languages
1 116 (45.49%) SQL
2 39 (15.29%) Java
3 28 (10.98%) Python
4 19 (7.45%) T-SQL
5 13 (5.10%) C#
5 13 (5.10%) JavaScript
6 9 (3.53%) Shell Script
7 8 (3.14%) ES6
7 8 (3.14%) TypeScript
8 5 (1.96%) C
8 5 (1.96%) Scala
9 4 (1.57%) C++
9 4 (1.57%) VBA
9 4 (1.57%) VBScript
10 2 (0.78%) Groovy
10 2 (0.78%) SHACL
10 2 (0.78%) SPARQL
11 1 (0.39%) Lua
11 1 (0.39%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 29 (11.37%) Degree
2 18 (7.06%) Security Cleared
3 14 (5.49%) SC Cleared
4 9 (3.53%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (1.18%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.78%) Numerate Degree
6 2 (0.78%) TOGAF Certification
7 1 (0.39%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.39%) CFA
7 1 (0.39%) ISEB
7 1 (0.39%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.39%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (19.22%) Data Quality
2 20 (7.84%) GDPR
3 19 (7.45%) QA
4 11 (4.31%) Accessibility
5 2 (0.78%) ITGC
6 1 (0.39%) Basel II
6 1 (0.39%) Basel III
6 1 (0.39%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.39%) EMIR
6 1 (0.39%) GAAP
6 1 (0.39%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.39%) MiFID
6 1 (0.39%) PMO
6 1 (0.39%) SEPA
6 1 (0.39%) Solvency II
System Software
1 1 (0.39%) Docker
1 1 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
1 1 (0.39%) VirtualBox
1 1 (0.39%) VMware Infrastructure
1 1 (0.39%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 15 (5.88%) Kubernetes
2 11 (4.31%) Terraform
3 4 (1.57%) Argo
4 1 (0.39%) ITRS Geneos
4 1 (0.39%) Kibana
4 1 (0.39%) logstash
Vendors
1 24 (9.41%) Oracle
2 22 (8.63%) SAP
3 18 (7.06%) Microsoft
4 16 (6.27%) Salesforce.com
5 15 (5.88%) Google
6 13 (5.10%) Informatica
6 13 (5.10%) Mavenir
7 8 (3.14%) Sparx
8 7 (2.75%) Bloomberg
8 7 (2.75%) Teradata
9 6 (2.35%) MuleSoft
10 5 (1.96%) Calypso
10 5 (1.96%) Charles River
10 5 (1.96%) SimCorp
11 4 (1.57%) Atlassian
11 4 (1.57%) GoldenSource
11 4 (1.57%) IBM
11 4 (1.57%) Red Hat
11 4 (1.57%) Tanium
11 4 (1.57%) Workday