Period
to 27 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Data Lake skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Data Lake over the 6 months to 27 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Lakes
UK > England
6 months to
27 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 220 342 505
Rank change year-on-year +122 +163 +145
Contract jobs citing Data Lake 715 686 389
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.17% 0.76% 0.42%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 5.44% 3.35% 1.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 527 487 298
England median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% -9.09%
10th Percentile £383 £419 £376
90th Percentile £680 £713 £640
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 1
England median hourly rate £59.00 - £24.00
UK median hourly rate £59.00 - £24.00

Data Lake is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 13,139 20,484 20,417
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.45% 22.57% 21.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,791 14,257 14,381
England median daily rate £488 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.63% +8.57%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £465
% change year-on-year - +2.15% +8.64%
Number of hourly rates quoted 223 228 226
England median hourly rate £32.50 £35.00 £34.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.14% +1.45% +25.45%
10th Percentile £14.26 £14.00 £15.21
90th Percentile £57.15 £56.15 £56.81
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £35.00 £34.50
% change year-on-year -7.14% +1.45% +25.45%

Data Lake
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Lake as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Lake in England

Data Lake
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Data Lake in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Data Lake in England

Data Lake
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Data Lake in England over the 6 months to 27 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Data Lake in England

Data Lake
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Lake in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Data Lake in England

Data Lake
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Data Lake in England over the 6 months to 27 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Data Lake in England

Data Lake
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Lake within the England region over the 6 months to 27 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +91 377 £550 - 86
South East +99 198 £475 -9.52% 30
South West +40 43 £650 +26.83% 7
North of England +52 39 £550 +10.00% 14
East of England +52 33 £500 - 9
Midlands +72 25 £493 +12.57% 12
North West +31 20 £500 - 5
Yorkshire +52 15 £563 +25.00% 7
West Midlands +56 14 £600 +43.28% 8
East Midlands +48 11 £450 -46.75% 4
North East +23 4 £663 +26.19% 2
Data Lake
UK

For the 6 months to 27 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Data Lake also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Lake.

1 469 (65.59%) Azure
2 358 (50.07%) SQL
3 355 (49.65%) Analytics
4 283 (39.58%) Business Intelligence
5 276 (38.60%) Data Warehouse
6 269 (37.62%) Microsoft
6 269 (37.62%) Agile Software Development
7 227 (31.75%) Power Platform
8 226 (31.61%) Power BI
9 211 (29.51%) DevOps
10 202 (28.25%) Azure Data Factory
11 193 (26.99%) Big Data
12 187 (26.15%) Python
13 163 (22.80%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 157 (21.96%) ETL
15 156 (21.82%) Data Modelling
16 151 (21.12%) AWS
17 119 (16.64%) Databricks
18 113 (15.80%) SQL Server
19 107 (14.97%) Azure SQL Database
20 104 (14.55%) Data Management
21 103 (14.41%) Data Science
22 101 (14.13%) Finance
23 98 (13.71%) PowerShell
24 93 (13.01%) Test Automation
25 92 (12.87%) Data Architecture
25 92 (12.87%) Visual Studio
26 91 (12.73%) Hadoop
26 91 (12.73%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
27 86 (12.03%) Visual Studio Team System

Data Lake
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (10.21%) Apache Spark
2 20 (2.80%) Apache
3 16 (2.24%) Apache Airflow
4 10 (1.40%) SAS
5 9 (1.26%) SharePoint
6 8 (1.12%) Elasticsearch
7 6 (0.84%) CMS
8 5 (0.70%) Confluence
8 5 (0.70%) Jupyter
9 4 (0.56%) Headless CMS
9 4 (0.56%) nginx
10 3 (0.42%) Apache Solr
10 3 (0.42%) IBM Domino
11 2 (0.28%) Cloud Foundry
11 2 (0.28%) EPiServer
11 2 (0.28%) MQSeries
11 2 (0.28%) Oracle Coherence
12 1 (0.14%) Apache Pig
12 1 (0.14%) Mule
12 1 (0.14%) WordPress
Applications
1 15 (2.10%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.56%) SPSS
4 2 (0.28%) Sketch
5 1 (0.14%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.14%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (1.26%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 7 (0.98%) SAP S/4HANA
3 5 (0.70%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 4 (0.56%) Oracle EBS
4 4 (0.56%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 3 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.42%) FINCAD Analytics
5 3 (0.42%) Oracle Payroll
6 2 (0.28%) Maximo
6 2 (0.28%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.28%) SAP HR
7 1 (0.14%) Eloqua
7 1 (0.14%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.14%) SAP LE
7 1 (0.14%) SAP MDG
7 1 (0.14%) SAP MDM
7 1 (0.14%) SAP PLM
Cloud Services
1 469 (65.59%) Azure
2 227 (31.75%) Power Platform
3 202 (28.25%) Azure Data Factory
4 151 (21.12%) AWS
5 74 (10.35%) Serverless
6 72 (10.07%) Data Lake Analytics
7 58 (8.11%) PaaS
8 51 (7.13%) GCP
9 42 (5.87%) Amazon S3
10 40 (5.59%) IaaS
11 39 (5.45%) Azure Functions
12 23 (3.22%) AWS Lambda
12 23 (3.22%) Azure Machine Learning
13 18 (2.52%) SaaS
14 17 (2.38%) Azure Active Directory
15 16 (2.24%) GitHub
16 14 (1.96%) Amazon EC2
17 13 (1.82%) Azure Stack
18 12 (1.68%) Amazon Kinesis
19 10 (1.40%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 4 (0.56%) SAN
2 3 (0.42%) DNS
2 3 (0.42%) SSL
3 2 (0.28%) Firewall
4 1 (0.14%) Internet
4 1 (0.14%) Kerberos
4 1 (0.14%) Skype
4 1 (0.14%) VoIP
4 1 (0.14%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 276 (38.60%) Data Warehouse
2 226 (31.61%) Power BI
3 193 (26.99%) Big Data
4 163 (22.80%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 113 (15.80%) SQL Server
6 107 (14.97%) Azure SQL Database
7 91 (12.73%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
7 91 (12.73%) Hadoop
8 81 (11.33%) NoSQL
9 61 (8.53%) HDInsight
10 56 (7.83%) Amazon Redshift
11 54 (7.55%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 40 (5.59%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 32 (4.48%) Cosmos DB
14 28 (3.92%) Relational Database
15 27 (3.78%) Snowflake Schema
16 26 (3.64%) BigQuery
16 26 (3.64%) MongoDB
17 25 (3.50%) Amazon Athena
18 24 (3.36%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 92 (12.87%) Visual Studio
2 86 (12.03%) Visual Studio Team System
3 39 (5.45%) Git (software)
4 21 (2.94%) Jenkins
5 20 (2.80%) JIRA
6 16 (2.24%) Team Foundation Server
7 8 (1.12%) CircleCI
7 8 (1.12%) PowerDesigner
8 7 (0.98%) ERwin
9 5 (0.70%) Selenium
9 5 (0.70%) Subversion
10 4 (0.56%) Maven
10 4 (0.56%) NUnit
10 4 (0.56%) TeamCity
11 3 (0.42%) GitLab
11 3 (0.42%) Moq
11 3 (0.42%) Octopus Deploy
11 3 (0.42%) SpecFlow
12 2 (0.28%) ER Studio
12 2 (0.28%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 101 (14.13%) Finance
2 39 (5.45%) Retail
3 28 (3.92%) Marketing
4 16 (2.24%) Front Office
5 15 (2.10%) Public Sector
6 11 (1.54%) Legal
7 10 (1.40%) Telecoms
8 9 (1.26%) Banking
8 9 (1.26%) Pharmaceutical
9 5 (0.70%) Advertising
9 5 (0.70%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.42%) Aerospace
10 3 (0.42%) Automotive
10 3 (0.42%) Back Office
10 3 (0.42%) Games
11 2 (0.28%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.28%) Law
12 1 (0.14%) Dutch Language
12 1 (0.14%) Investment Banking
12 1 (0.14%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 168 (23.50%) Architect
2 146 (20.42%) Data Engineer
3 130 (18.18%) Developer
4 129 (18.04%) Data Architect
5 90 (12.59%) Azure Engineer
6 80 (11.19%) Analyst
7 72 (10.07%) DevOps Engineer
8 58 (8.11%) Azure Architect
9 51 (7.13%) Azure Developer
10 33 (4.62%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 32 (4.48%) Consultant
12 29 (4.06%) Solutions Architect
13 27 (3.78%) Business Intelligence Developer
14 26 (3.64%) Service Analyst
15 25 (3.50%) Business Analyst
15 25 (3.50%) Data Analyst
16 24 (3.36%) Service Transition Analyst
16 24 (3.36%) SQL Developer
16 24 (3.36%) Transition Analyst
17 23 (3.22%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 48 (6.71%) .NET
2 27 (3.78%) Kafka
3 18 (2.52%) Web Services
3 18 (2.52%) XML
4 16 (2.24%) JSON
5 14 (1.96%) PySpark
6 13 (1.82%) .NET Framework
6 13 (1.82%) Node.js
7 12 (1.68%) MDX
8 11 (1.54%) REST
9 10 (1.40%) Django
9 10 (1.40%) scikit-learn
9 10 (1.40%) TensorFlow
10 9 (1.26%) .NET Core
10 9 (1.26%) AngularJS
10 9 (1.26%) GraphQL
10 9 (1.26%) Natural Language Processing
10 9 (1.26%) Pandas
10 9 (1.26%) React
11 8 (1.12%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 43 (6.01%) Analytical Skills
2 37 (5.17%) Greenfield Project
3 22 (3.08%) Algorithms
4 19 (2.66%) Management Information System
5 18 (2.52%) Data Structures
5 18 (2.52%) Public Cloud
6 11 (1.54%) Data Centre
7 10 (1.40%) Social Media
8 9 (1.26%) Reference Data
9 7 (0.98%) Cloud Native
9 7 (0.98%) Hybrid Cloud
9 7 (0.98%) Private Cloud
10 5 (0.70%) Replication
11 4 (0.56%) Clustering
11 4 (0.56%) Self-Motivation
12 3 (0.42%) Blog
12 3 (0.42%) Enterprise Software
12 3 (0.42%) Fixed Income
12 3 (0.42%) Life Science
12 3 (0.42%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 43 (6.01%) Windows
2 22 (3.08%) Linux
3 9 (1.26%) Windows Server
4 7 (0.98%) Unix
5 6 (0.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (0.56%) CentOS
7 1 (0.14%) VMS
7 1 (0.14%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 355 (49.65%) Analytics
2 283 (39.58%) Business Intelligence
3 269 (37.62%) Agile Software Development
4 211 (29.51%) DevOps
5 157 (21.96%) ETL
6 156 (21.82%) Data Modelling
7 104 (14.55%) Data Management
8 103 (14.41%) Data Science
9 93 (13.01%) Test Automation
10 92 (12.87%) Data Architecture
11 83 (11.61%) Machine Learning
12 76 (10.63%) Continuous Integration
13 74 (10.35%) Data Analytics
14 69 (9.65%) Data Engineering
15 64 (8.95%) Infrastructure as Code
16 63 (8.81%) Continuous Delivery
16 63 (8.81%) Visualisation
17 62 (8.67%) Data Governance
18 58 (8.11%) Scrum
19 56 (7.83%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 358 (50.07%) SQL
2 187 (26.15%) Python
3 98 (13.71%) PowerShell
4 86 (12.03%) C#
5 71 (9.93%) Scala
6 39 (5.45%) Java
6 39 (5.45%) R
7 33 (4.62%) T-SQL
8 15 (2.10%) JavaScript
9 13 (1.82%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
10 11 (1.54%) C
11 10 (1.40%) Bash Shell
12 8 (1.12%) Ruby
13 7 (0.98%) U-SQL
14 4 (0.56%) C++
14 4 (0.56%) Java 8
14 4 (0.56%) VBA
15 3 (0.42%) PL/SQL
15 3 (0.42%) Shell Script
15 3 (0.42%) XAML
Qualifications
1 19 (2.66%) Degree
2 14 (1.96%) Security Cleared
3 11 (1.54%) SC Cleared
4 5 (0.70%) AWS Certification
5 3 (0.42%) DBS Check
5 3 (0.42%) ITIL Certification
5 3 (0.42%) TOGAF Certification
6 2 (0.28%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.28%) CISSP
6 2 (0.28%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (0.28%) PRINCE2 Certification
7 1 (0.14%) (ISC)2 CCSP
7 1 (0.14%) CCSP
7 1 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
7 1 (0.14%) CISM
7 1 (0.14%) CompTIA Security+
7 1 (0.14%) ISEB
7 1 (0.14%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (5.59%) Data Quality
2 26 (3.64%) QA
3 17 (2.38%) GDPR
4 2 (0.28%) IFRS
4 2 (0.28%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.14%) COBIT
5 1 (0.14%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.14%) PMO
5 1 (0.14%) Solvency II
System Software
1 49 (6.85%) Virtual Machines
2 34 (4.76%) Docker
3 18 (2.52%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.84%) HDFS
5 4 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 4 (0.56%) Virtual Desktop
5 4 (0.56%) Virtual Servers
5 4 (0.56%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.28%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.14%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 41 (5.73%) Kubernetes
2 19 (2.66%) Terraform
3 6 (0.84%) Ansible
3 6 (0.84%) Grafana
4 5 (0.70%) Kibana
4 5 (0.70%) Oozie
5 4 (0.56%) Kubeflow
5 4 (0.56%) logstash
5 4 (0.56%) Puppet
6 2 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.14%) CASB
7 1 (0.14%) Docker Swarm
7 1 (0.14%) Hadoop YARN
7 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Intune
7 1 (0.14%) Packer
7 1 (0.14%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 269 (37.62%) Microsoft
2 119 (16.64%) Databricks
3 61 (8.53%) Tableau
4 42 (5.87%) Oracle
5 41 (5.73%) SAP
6 35 (4.90%) Informatica
7 27 (3.78%) Cloudera
8 26 (3.64%) Talend
9 19 (2.66%) Google
10 17 (2.38%) Alteryx
11 13 (1.82%) Salesforce.com
12 6 (0.84%) Hortonworks
12 6 (0.84%) MuleSoft
13 5 (0.70%) IBM
13 5 (0.70%) Sparx
13 5 (0.70%) StreamSets
14 4 (0.56%) MicroStrategy
14 4 (0.56%) Teradata
14 4 (0.56%) VMware
15 3 (0.42%) Bloomberg