Period
to 2 December 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Legacy Systems in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Legacy Systems over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Legacy System
UK > England
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 288 266 331
Rank change year-on-year -22 +65 -20
Contract jobs citing Legacy Systems 650 302 591
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.91% 0.97% 0.80%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.94% 3.01% 2.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 468 221 413
10th Percentile £375 £363 £325
25th Percentile £437 £433 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £500
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £663 £650 £575
90th Percentile £775 £750 £638
UK median daily rate £538 £525 £480
% change year-on-year +2.38% +9.38% -4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 3 8
10th Percentile £28.13 £17.40 £13.28
25th Percentile £30.94 £19.88 £24.32
Median hourly rate £36.25 £24.00 £30.73
Median % change year-on-year +51.04% -21.89% -1.67%
75th Percentile £40.94 £26.75 £82.50
90th Percentile £43.38 £28.40 "
UK median hourly rate £36.25 £24.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +51.04% -36.00% -16.67%

Legacy Systems is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 22,144 10,049 21,239
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.03% 32.15% 28.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,824 6,927 14,094
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
25th Percentile £413 £368 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +2.63% -
75th Percentile £638 £600 £588
90th Percentile £738 £710 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 649 357 768
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.34 £11.85
25th Percentile £15.04 £16.75 £14.85
Median hourly rate £24.06 £27.50 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -12.51% +34.15% +2.50%
75th Percentile £49.00 £45.25 £46.00
90th Percentile £64.75 £57.50 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £26.51 £20.50
% change year-on-year -5.70% +29.32% +2.50%

Legacy Systems
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Legacy Systems as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Legacy Systems in England

Legacy Systems
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Legacy Systems in England.

Daily rate trend for Legacy Systems in England

Legacy Systems
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Legacy Systems in England over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Legacy Systems in England

Legacy Systems
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Legacy Systems in England.

Hourly rate trend for Legacy Systems in England

Legacy Systems
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Legacy Systems in England over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Legacy Systems in England

Legacy Systems
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Legacy Systems within the England region over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -69 328 £600 +0.04% 44
South East -29 106 £475 -15.18% 23
North of England -22 73 £500 +2.56% 19
Midlands -51 41 £475 +11.76% 22
Yorkshire -19 34 £500 +2.56% 6
North West -33 33 £513 +2.50% 11
West Midlands -57 29 £475 +18.75% 15
South West -45 26 £475 -1.20% 13
East of England -41 23 £475 +5.56% 8
East Midlands -32 12 £475 +18.75% 7
North East - 6 £425 - 2
Legacy Systems
UK

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Legacy Systems also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Legacy Systems.

1 258 (39.69%) Migration
2 225 (34.62%) Agile Software Development
3 172 (26.46%) Finance
4 126 (19.38%) SQL
5 123 (18.92%) Data Migration
6 118 (18.15%) Azure
6 118 (18.15%) Social Skills
7 102 (15.69%) AWS
8 98 (15.08%) Stakeholder Management
9 97 (14.92%) Oracle
10 81 (12.46%) Java
11 78 (12.00%) Microservices
12 72 (11.08%) SAP
12 72 (11.08%) Microsoft
13 70 (10.77%) DevOps
14 67 (10.31%) C#
14 67 (10.31%) .NET
15 58 (8.92%) Project Management
16 57 (8.77%) ERP
17 56 (8.62%) ETL
17 56 (8.62%) Kubernetes
18 55 (8.46%) Banking
19 50 (7.69%) Python
19 50 (7.69%) Security Cleared
20 48 (7.38%) Public Sector
20 48 (7.38%) Problem-Solving
21 44 (6.77%) Windows
21 44 (6.77%) Waterfall
21 44 (6.77%) SDLC
22 42 (6.46%) SQL Server

Legacy Systems
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (5.08%) Confluence
2 26 (4.00%) BizTalk Server
3 22 (3.38%) SharePoint
4 6 (0.92%) Apache
4 6 (0.92%) Skype for Business
5 4 (0.62%) Apache Spark
5 4 (0.62%) Documentum
5 4 (0.62%) MS Exchange
5 4 (0.62%) OpenStack
6 3 (0.46%) Elasticsearch
6 3 (0.46%) IBM Domino
6 3 (0.46%) IIS
6 3 (0.46%) JBoss
6 3 (0.46%) nginx
6 3 (0.46%) SAS
7 2 (0.31%) Drupal
7 2 (0.31%) GemFire
7 2 (0.31%) Hyperledger
7 2 (0.31%) Red Hat Fuse
7 2 (0.31%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 27 (4.15%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (3.54%) Spreadsheet
3 12 (1.85%) Microsoft Project
4 6 (0.92%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.46%) Adobe XD
6 3 (0.46%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.46%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.46%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 30 (4.62%) SAP S/4HANA
2 10 (1.54%) Maximo
3 9 (1.38%) Orchestrade
4 6 (0.92%) Oracle ERP
5 5 (0.77%) SAP HCM
6 4 (0.62%) Dynamics AX
6 4 (0.62%) NetSuite
7 3 (0.46%) FLEXCUBE
7 3 (0.46%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.46%) Oracle Payables
7 3 (0.46%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 3 (0.46%) Oracle Receivables
7 3 (0.46%) SAP CAR
7 3 (0.46%) Workday HCM
8 2 (0.31%) Oracle Assets
8 2 (0.31%) PeopleSoft HCM
8 2 (0.31%) SAP CO
8 2 (0.31%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
8 2 (0.31%) SAP MDG
8 2 (0.31%) SAP Retail
Cloud Services
1 118 (18.15%) Azure
2 102 (15.69%) AWS
3 39 (6.00%) Serverless
4 34 (5.23%) SaaS
5 30 (4.62%) AWS Lambda
5 30 (4.62%) Azure Functions
5 30 (4.62%) Power Platform
6 29 (4.46%) Azure Cosmos DB
7 26 (4.00%) Azure Logic Apps
8 24 (3.69%) Azure Storage
9 20 (3.08%) Dynamics 365
10 19 (2.92%) Microsoft 365
11 18 (2.77%) Azure Data Factory
12 17 (2.62%) GCP
13 14 (2.15%) PaaS
14 10 (1.54%) GitHub
15 8 (1.23%) AWS CloudFormation
16 7 (1.08%) Azure Synapse Analytics
16 7 (1.08%) Cloud Computing
16 7 (1.08%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 8 (1.23%) Unified Communications
2 6 (0.92%) Skype
3 5 (0.77%) DNS
3 5 (0.77%) Firewall
3 5 (0.77%) HTTP
4 4 (0.62%) Internet
4 4 (0.62%) Intranet
5 3 (0.46%) Broadband
5 3 (0.46%) LAN
5 3 (0.46%) PBX
5 3 (0.46%) PSTN
5 3 (0.46%) TCP/IP
5 3 (0.46%) WAN
6 2 (0.31%) DHCP
6 2 (0.31%) SNMP
6 2 (0.31%) SSL
7 1 (0.15%) BIG-IP
7 1 (0.15%) FTP
7 1 (0.15%) ISDN
7 1 (0.15%) SNA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (6.46%) SQL Server
2 31 (4.77%) MongoDB
3 27 (4.15%) Azure SQL Database
3 27 (4.15%) Power BI
4 22 (3.38%) Data Warehouse
4 22 (3.38%) Relational Database
5 14 (2.15%) Hadoop
5 14 (2.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 11 (1.69%) Big Data
6 11 (1.69%) Data Lake
6 11 (1.69%) PostgreSQL
7 9 (1.38%) GIS
7 9 (1.38%) SAP HANA
8 8 (1.23%) Geospatial Data
8 8 (1.23%) MySQL
8 8 (1.23%) RDBMS
9 7 (1.08%) Oracle Database
10 6 (0.92%) NoSQL
10 6 (0.92%) SAP Data Services
11 5 (0.77%) SAP BW
Development Applications
1 42 (6.46%) JIRA
2 32 (4.92%) Git (software)
3 19 (2.92%) Jenkins
4 16 (2.46%) Bitbucket
5 13 (2.00%) GitLab
6 8 (1.23%) Selenium
7 7 (1.08%) WebDriver
8 6 (0.92%) LSMW
9 5 (0.77%) JUnit
10 4 (0.62%) Artifactory
10 4 (0.62%) Sonatype Nexus
11 3 (0.46%) Gatling
11 3 (0.46%) IBM UrbanCode
11 3 (0.46%) JMeter
11 3 (0.46%) Octopus Deploy
11 3 (0.46%) Postman
11 3 (0.46%) SonarQube
11 3 (0.46%) Spinnaker
11 3 (0.46%) TeamCity
11 3 (0.46%) Visual Studio
General
1 172 (26.46%) Finance
2 118 (18.15%) Social Skills
3 55 (8.46%) Banking
4 48 (7.38%) Public Sector
5 41 (6.31%) Retail
6 40 (6.15%) Analytical Skills
7 28 (4.31%) Front Office
8 21 (3.23%) Influencing Skills
9 18 (2.77%) Legal
10 17 (2.62%) Marketing
11 16 (2.46%) Law
12 13 (2.00%) Presentation Skills
13 12 (1.85%) Investment Banking
13 12 (1.85%) Telecoms
14 11 (1.69%) Manufacturing
14 11 (1.69%) Organisational Skills
15 8 (1.23%) Back Office
15 8 (1.23%) French Language
16 7 (1.08%) Retail Banking
17 5 (0.77%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 129 (19.85%) Developer
2 93 (14.31%) Architect
3 92 (14.15%) Analyst
4 90 (13.85%) Project Manager
5 47 (7.23%) Business Analyst
6 40 (6.15%) Solutions Architect
7 38 (5.85%) Consultant
8 30 (4.62%) C# Developer
9 28 (4.31%) Data Analyst
10 26 (4.00%) Java Developer
11 23 (3.54%) Azure Developer
12 21 (3.23%) Senior Developer
13 20 (3.08%) Data Architect
14 19 (2.92%) .NET Developer
14 19 (2.92%) DevOps Engineer
15 18 (2.77%) IT Manager
15 18 (2.77%) Technical Architect
16 17 (2.62%) Migration Analyst
16 17 (2.62%) Migration Manager
17 16 (2.46%) Energy Trading Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (10.31%) .NET
2 34 (5.23%) .NET Core
3 24 (3.69%) Kafka
4 23 (3.54%) Web Services
5 20 (3.08%) HTML
6 14 (2.15%) Spring
7 13 (2.00%) React
8 12 (1.85%) REST
9 10 (1.54%) .NET Framework
9 10 (1.54%) Spring Boot
9 10 (1.54%) XML
10 9 (1.38%) HTML5
10 9 (1.38%) JSON
10 9 (1.38%) Node.js
11 8 (1.23%) CSS
11 8 (1.23%) Middleware
11 8 (1.23%) Vue.js
12 7 (1.08%) Oracle Fusion
12 7 (1.08%) RESTful
13 6 (0.92%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 35 (5.38%) Cloud Native
2 33 (5.08%) Management Information System
3 26 (4.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 17 (2.62%) Fixed Income
5 14 (2.15%) Greenfield Project
6 13 (2.00%) Data Structures
7 11 (1.69%) Legacy Applications
8 10 (1.54%) User Experience
9 9 (1.38%) Mainframe
9 9 (1.38%) NHS
9 9 (1.38%) Virtual Team
10 8 (1.23%) Derivative
11 7 (1.08%) Data Protection Act
11 7 (1.08%) Reference Data
11 7 (1.08%) Self-Motivation
12 5 (0.77%) Analytical Mindset
12 5 (0.77%) Client/Server
12 5 (0.77%) Clustering
12 5 (0.77%) Renewable Energy
13 4 (0.62%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 44 (6.77%) Windows
2 28 (4.31%) Linux
3 13 (2.00%) Windows Server
4 11 (1.69%) Unix
5 5 (0.77%) Solaris
6 4 (0.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (0.62%) Ubuntu
7 3 (0.46%) Windows Server 2008
7 3 (0.46%) Windows Server 2019
8 2 (0.31%) Windows 2000 Server
9 1 (0.15%) AIX
9 1 (0.15%) Kali Linux
9 1 (0.15%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.15%) MVS
9 1 (0.15%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.15%) Windows 2000
9 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
9 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 258 (39.69%) Migration
2 225 (34.62%) Agile Software Development
3 123 (18.92%) Data Migration
4 98 (15.08%) Stakeholder Management
5 78 (12.00%) Microservices
6 70 (10.77%) DevOps
7 58 (8.92%) Project Management
8 57 (8.77%) ERP
9 56 (8.62%) ETL
10 48 (7.38%) Problem-Solving
11 44 (6.77%) SDLC
11 44 (6.77%) Waterfall
12 42 (6.46%) Project Delivery
13 41 (6.31%) Continuous Improvement
14 39 (6.00%) Software Engineering
15 37 (5.69%) Analytics
16 36 (5.54%) Data Cleansing
17 34 (5.23%) Test Automation
18 33 (5.08%) Business Intelligence
18 33 (5.08%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 126 (19.38%) SQL
2 81 (12.46%) Java
3 67 (10.31%) C#
4 50 (7.69%) Python
5 41 (6.31%) C++
6 40 (6.15%) T-SQL
7 39 (6.00%) PL/SQL
8 35 (5.38%) JavaScript
9 27 (4.15%) Go
10 12 (1.85%) Java 8
10 12 (1.85%) PowerShell
11 9 (1.38%) VB
12 8 (1.23%) C
13 7 (1.08%) TypeScript
14 5 (0.77%) PHP
14 5 (0.77%) VBA
15 3 (0.46%) Java 11
15 3 (0.46%) Perl
16 2 (0.31%) ABAP
16 2 (0.31%) VB6
Qualifications
1 50 (7.69%) Security Cleared
2 36 (5.54%) SC Cleared
3 27 (4.15%) Degree
4 10 (1.54%) DV Cleared
5 8 (1.23%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (1.23%) PMI Certification
5 8 (1.23%) PMP
6 5 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.77%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
7 3 (0.46%) IIBA
7 3 (0.46%) ISEB
7 3 (0.46%) Master's Degree
7 3 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.31%) CISSP
9 1 (0.15%) CCA
9 1 (0.15%) CCNA
9 1 (0.15%) CCNP
9 1 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.15%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (3.69%) Data Quality
2 23 (3.54%) QA
3 9 (1.38%) Accessibility
4 8 (1.23%) MiFID
4 8 (1.23%) PMO
5 7 (1.08%) GDPR
6 6 (0.92%) SLA
7 3 (0.46%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.31%) COBIT
8 2 (0.31%) GRC
8 2 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 1 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.15%) ISAE 3402
9 1 (0.15%) JSP 440
9 1 (0.15%) NIST
9 1 (0.15%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.15%) RMADS
9 1 (0.15%) SOC 2
System Software
1 30 (4.62%) Docker
2 10 (1.54%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.62%) VMware ESXi
3 4 (0.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.46%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.15%) Terminal Services
6 1 (0.15%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 56 (8.62%) Kubernetes
2 24 (3.69%) Terraform
3 19 (2.92%) Ansible
4 7 (1.08%) Puppet
5 5 (0.77%) Nagios
5 5 (0.77%) Single Sign-On
6 4 (0.62%) Grafana
6 4 (0.62%) Packer
7 3 (0.46%) Istio
7 3 (0.46%) Prometheus
8 2 (0.31%) Kibana
8 2 (0.31%) Marathon
8 2 (0.31%) Mesos
8 2 (0.31%) SCCM
9 1 (0.15%) CA Service Virtualization
9 1 (0.15%) Dollar Universe
9 1 (0.15%) Failover Clustering
9 1 (0.15%) logstash
9 1 (0.15%) McAfee ePO
9 1 (0.15%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 97 (14.92%) Oracle
2 72 (11.08%) Microsoft
2 72 (11.08%) SAP
3 32 (4.92%) Salesforce.com
4 25 (3.85%) MuleSoft
5 18 (2.77%) IBM
6 12 (1.85%) ServiceNow
7 11 (1.69%) Databricks
7 11 (1.69%) Google
7 11 (1.69%) hybris
8 7 (1.08%) CA
8 7 (1.08%) Informatica
8 7 (1.08%) VMware
8 7 (1.08%) Workday
9 5 (0.77%) Adobe
9 5 (0.77%) JD Edwards
9 5 (0.77%) Talend
10 4 (0.62%) Cloudera
10 4 (0.62%) IFS
10 4 (0.62%) Splunk