Period
to 19 October 2021

The median contractor rate for a Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) was £500 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 229 175 140
Rank change year-on-year -54 -35 -26
Contract jobs requiring a Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) 829 434 1,509
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.23% 1.62% 1.96%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.32% 1.75% 2.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 597 302 1,076
10th Percentile £345 £300 £313
25th Percentile £400 £350 £382
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £475
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £538 £550
90th Percentile £700 £600 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £463
% change year-on-year +11.11% -2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 2
10th Percentile £36.55 £23.25 £50.10
25th Percentile £49.38 £24.38 £50.25
Median hourly rate £62.15 £27.50 £51.00
Median % change year-on-year +126.00% -46.08% +7.37%
75th Percentile £70.85 £29.38 £52.25
90th Percentile £76.34 £29.75 £52.70
UK median hourly rate £62.15 £27.50 £51.00
% change year-on-year +126.00% -46.08% +7.37%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 62,958 24,835 72,591
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.44% 92.57% 94.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 44,349 17,067 49,206
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
25th Percentile £406 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,845 785 2,380
10th Percentile £11.99 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.63 £14.00 £13.75
Median hourly rate £19.52 £22.00 £18.84
Median % change year-on-year -11.27% +16.80% +7.63%
75th Percentile £45.00 £43.75 £43.75
90th Percentile £62.00 £53.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £22.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -9.09% +15.79% +8.57%

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in England

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in England.

Daily rate trend for Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in England

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in England

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in England.

Hourly rate trend for Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in England

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in England

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) within the England region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -62 451 £550 +15.79% 278
North of England -54 85 £425 - 89
South East -65 81 £456 +14.06% 51
South West -28 60 £450 +12.50% 41
Midlands -43 57 £438 +25.00% 60
North West -50 42 £400 -15.79% 43
Yorkshire -21 41 £500 +42.86% 34
East Midlands -9 31 £406 +16.07% 30
West Midlands -50 26 £445 +4.71% 28
East of England -44 16 £383 -4.38% 25
North East -19 2 £600 +41.18% 12
South Coast - 1 - -
Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
UK

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in the job title.

1 721 (86.97%) Front End Development
2 603 (72.74%) JavaScript
3 513 (61.88%) React
4 506 (61.04%) HTML
5 489 (58.99%) CSS
6 307 (37.03%) Agile Software Development
7 299 (36.07%) TypeScript
8 239 (28.83%) AngularJS
9 213 (25.69%) HTML5
10 197 (23.76%) Redux
10 197 (23.76%) Git (software)
11 175 (21.11%) Node.js
12 173 (20.87%) Sass
13 168 (20.27%) User Experience
14 125 (15.08%) TDD
15 124 (14.96%) CSS3
16 114 (13.75%) Social Skills
17 111 (13.39%) ES6
18 110 (13.27%) Jest
19 107 (12.91%) Vue.js
20 93 (11.22%) Web Development
21 92 (11.10%) AWS
22 91 (10.98%) Finance
23 88 (10.62%) Accessibility
24 82 (9.89%) Test Automation
25 81 (9.77%) Java
26 77 (9.29%) Scrum
27 75 (9.05%) Problem-Solving
28 74 (8.93%) Azure
28 74 (8.93%) DevOps

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (6.76%) CMS
2 21 (2.53%) Confluence
3 17 (2.05%) WordPress
4 12 (1.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 11 (1.33%) Headless CMS
6 10 (1.21%) Drupal
7 9 (1.09%) IBM Domino
8 6 (0.72%) Elasticsearch
9 5 (0.60%) Tomcat
10 4 (0.48%) GemFire
10 4 (0.48%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.24%) SharePoint
11 2 (0.24%) Sitecore CMS
12 1 (0.12%) IIS
12 1 (0.12%) JBoss
12 1 (0.12%) Magnolia
12 1 (0.12%) Red Hat Fuse
12 1 (0.12%) SharePoint 2010
12 1 (0.12%) SharePoint Server
12 1 (0.12%) WebSphere
Applications
1 12 (1.45%) Sketch
2 10 (1.21%) Photoshop
3 9 (1.09%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 9 (1.09%) InVision
4 5 (0.60%) Adobe Illustrator
5 4 (0.48%) Figma
6 3 (0.36%) InDesign
6 3 (0.36%) Zeplin
7 1 (0.12%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.12%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 26 (3.14%) Magento
2 15 (1.81%) Shopify
3 6 (0.72%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.12%) SAP CRM
4 1 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 92 (11.10%) AWS
2 74 (8.93%) Azure
3 58 (7.00%) npm
4 40 (4.83%) GitHub
5 26 (3.14%) Yarn
6 23 (2.77%) Serverless
7 13 (1.57%) GCP
8 12 (1.45%) SaaS
9 11 (1.33%) AWS Lambda
10 9 (1.09%) Google Analytics
11 5 (0.60%) Heroku
11 5 (0.60%) OpenShift
11 5 (0.60%) Route 53
11 5 (0.60%) Siteimprove
12 4 (0.48%) Adobe Creative Cloud
12 4 (0.48%) AWS CloudFormation
12 4 (0.48%) Azure Functions
12 4 (0.48%) Firebase
13 3 (0.36%) GitHub Actions
13 3 (0.36%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 21 (2.53%) Internet
2 13 (1.57%) HTTP
3 6 (0.72%) HTTPS
4 4 (0.48%) AMQP
4 4 (0.48%) SSL
4 4 (0.48%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.12%) Bluetooth
5 1 (0.12%) DNS
5 1 (0.12%) Intranet
5 1 (0.12%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 25 (3.02%) MongoDB
2 17 (2.05%) NoSQL
2 17 (2.05%) SQL Server
3 11 (1.33%) MySQL
4 10 (1.21%) Relational Database
5 9 (1.09%) Big Data
6 8 (0.97%) Oracle Database
7 6 (0.72%) PostgreSQL
7 6 (0.72%) Redis
8 5 (0.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 5 (0.60%) RDBMS
9 4 (0.48%) Apache Cassandra
9 4 (0.48%) InterSystems Cache
10 3 (0.36%) BusinessObjects
10 3 (0.36%) Power BI
11 2 (0.24%) Apache Hive
11 2 (0.24%) Blockchain
11 2 (0.24%) Qlik Sense
11 2 (0.24%) SQL Server 2019
12 1 (0.12%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 197 (23.76%) Git (software)
2 72 (8.69%) webpack
3 67 (8.08%) Jasmine
4 66 (7.96%) Jenkins
5 56 (6.76%) JIRA
6 49 (5.91%) Cypress.io
7 42 (5.07%) Storybook
8 36 (4.34%) Karma Test Runner
9 32 (3.86%) Grunt
10 29 (3.50%) Bitbucket
10 29 (3.50%) gulp
11 25 (3.02%) Selenium
12 23 (2.77%) Cucumber
12 23 (2.77%) GitLab
13 22 (2.65%) Mocha
14 17 (2.05%) Maven
15 14 (1.69%) JUnit
15 14 (1.69%) Protractor
16 10 (1.21%) Babel
16 10 (1.21%) SonarQube
General
1 114 (13.75%) Social Skills
2 91 (10.98%) Finance
3 58 (7.00%) Banking
4 39 (4.70%) Retail
5 38 (4.58%) Public Sector
6 24 (2.90%) Marketing
7 22 (2.65%) Analytical Skills
8 21 (2.53%) Games
9 20 (2.41%) Front Office
9 20 (2.41%) Investment Banking
10 10 (1.21%) Telecoms
11 7 (0.84%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 7 (0.84%) Influencing Skills
12 5 (0.60%) Manufacturing
12 5 (0.60%) Organisational Skills
12 5 (0.60%) Presentation Skills
13 4 (0.48%) Electronics
13 4 (0.48%) Financial Institution
14 3 (0.36%) Military
14 3 (0.36%) Multimedia
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 513 (61.88%) React
2 506 (61.04%) HTML
3 489 (58.99%) CSS
4 239 (28.83%) AngularJS
5 213 (25.69%) HTML5
6 197 (23.76%) Redux
7 175 (21.11%) Node.js
8 173 (20.87%) Sass
9 124 (14.96%) CSS3
10 110 (13.27%) Jest
11 107 (12.91%) Vue.js
12 72 (8.69%) jQuery
13 65 (7.84%) .NET
14 64 (7.72%) REST
15 61 (7.36%) RESTful
16 50 (6.03%) RxJS
17 47 (5.67%) JSON
18 38 (4.58%) GraphQL
19 37 (4.46%) Next.js
20 36 (4.34%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 168 (20.27%) User Experience
2 50 (6.03%) Greenfield Project
3 22 (2.65%) Mobile App
4 20 (2.41%) W3C
5 14 (1.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 14 (1.69%) Legacy Applications
6 13 (1.57%) Data Structures
7 10 (1.21%) Algorithms
7 10 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
7 10 (1.21%) Equities
8 9 (1.09%) Market Risk
8 9 (1.09%) RIA
9 7 (0.84%) N-Tier
9 7 (0.84%) Self-Motivation
10 6 (0.72%) Data Protection Act
10 6 (0.72%) Fixed Income
10 6 (0.72%) iPad
10 6 (0.72%) Virtual Team
11 5 (0.60%) Digital Media
11 5 (0.60%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 27 (3.26%) Linux
2 26 (3.14%) Unix
3 12 (1.45%) Apple iOS
4 11 (1.33%) Android
5 8 (0.97%) Mac OS
6 5 (0.60%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 721 (86.97%) Front End Development
2 307 (37.03%) Agile Software Development
3 125 (15.08%) TDD
4 93 (11.22%) Web Development
5 82 (9.89%) Test Automation
6 77 (9.29%) Scrum
7 75 (9.05%) Problem-Solving
8 74 (8.93%) DevOps
9 70 (8.44%) E-Commerce
10 65 (7.84%) Full Stack Development
10 65 (7.84%) Microservices
11 63 (7.60%) Continuous Integration
12 61 (7.36%) BDD
12 61 (7.36%) Unit Testing
13 60 (7.24%) Software Engineering
14 51 (6.15%) Wireframes
15 50 (6.03%) Continuous Improvement
16 47 (5.67%) Responsive Web Design
17 46 (5.55%) Pair Programming
18 43 (5.19%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 603 (72.74%) JavaScript
2 299 (36.07%) TypeScript
3 111 (13.39%) ES6
4 81 (9.77%) Java
5 63 (7.60%) C#
6 37 (4.46%) PHP
7 30 (3.62%) SQL
8 28 (3.38%) Python
9 12 (1.45%) Ruby
10 11 (1.33%) Scala
11 10 (1.21%) Bash Shell
11 10 (1.21%) Java 8
12 8 (0.97%) ES7
13 7 (0.84%) Go
14 5 (0.60%) Kotlin
14 5 (0.60%) PL/SQL
15 4 (0.48%) Java 11
15 4 (0.48%) Shell Script
16 3 (0.36%) Apple Swift
16 3 (0.36%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 52 (6.27%) Security Cleared
2 46 (5.55%) SC Cleared
3 37 (4.46%) Degree
4 9 (1.09%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.24%) AWS Certification
6 2 (0.24%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.12%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.12%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 88 (10.62%) Accessibility
2 25 (3.02%) WCAG
3 10 (1.21%) QA
4 2 (0.24%) WAI
5 1 (0.12%) GDPR
System Software
1 58 (7.00%) Docker
2 3 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.12%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 28 (3.38%) Kubernetes
2 10 (1.21%) Terraform
3 8 (0.97%) Ansible
3 8 (0.97%) Kibana
4 6 (0.72%) Grafana
5 5 (0.60%) Opscode Chef
6 4 (0.48%) Graphite
6 4 (0.48%) logstash
7 1 (0.12%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.12%) Puppet
Vendors
1 35 (4.22%) Adobe
2 20 (2.41%) Oracle
3 19 (2.29%) Google
4 15 (1.81%) hybris
5 12 (1.45%) Microsoft
6 10 (1.21%) SAP
7 9 (1.09%) Splunk
7 9 (1.09%) Xerox
8 5 (0.60%) Netlify
9 4 (0.48%) BEA
9 4 (0.48%) Informatica
9 4 (0.48%) Salesforce.com
9 4 (0.48%) WSO2
10 3 (0.36%) Atlassian
10 3 (0.36%) HP
10 3 (0.36%) SGI
10 3 (0.36%) Tealium
11 2 (0.24%) Optimizely
11 2 (0.24%) Sitecore
11 2 (0.24%) webMethods