Period
to 20 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 20 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK > England
6 months to
20 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 696 763 847
Rank change year-on-year +67 +84 +1
Contract jobs citing Natural Language Processing 157 64 33
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.17% 0.073% 0.032%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.48% 0.22% 0.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 97 47 21
England median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £363 £327 £413
90th Percentile £698 £713 £875
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 1
England median hourly rate £37.50 - £16.52
10th Percentile £32.75 - £15.16
90th Percentile £46.25 - £17.87
UK median hourly rate £37.50 - £16.52

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32,629 28,501 29,644
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.33% 32.49% 29.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,190 19,764 20,963
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £319 £308 £295
90th Percentile £631 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 358 365 373
England median hourly rate £41.52 £40.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.51% +8.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £15.25 £15.45 £13.00
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £51.50
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.26 £37.50
% change year-on-year +1.84% +7.36% +2.74%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Natural Language Processing in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing in England over the 6 months to 20 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the England region over the 6 months to 20 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +25 127 £550 -0.90% 48
South East -10 13 £525 - 15
Midlands -7 9 £675 +35.00% 3
East Midlands - 9 £675 - 2
North of England - 7 £475 - 3
North West - 5 £405 - 2
Yorkshire - 2 £525 -
East of England +2 1 - - 9
Natural Language Processing
UK

For the 6 months to 20 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 123 (78.34%) Machine Learning
2 99 (63.06%) Python
3 93 (59.24%) Data Science
4 65 (41.40%) R
5 61 (38.85%) Artificial Intelligence
5 61 (38.85%) Analytics
6 59 (37.58%) Algorithms
7 52 (33.12%) Mathematics
8 50 (31.85%) Big Data
8 50 (31.85%) Hadoop
9 49 (31.21%) Finance
9 49 (31.21%) Apache Spark
10 47 (29.94%) Java
11 45 (28.66%) SQL
12 44 (28.03%) Visualisation
13 36 (22.93%) Analytical Skills
14 35 (22.29%) Scala
15 34 (21.66%) MongoDB
16 33 (21.02%) Statistics
17 32 (20.38%) Apache Cassandra
17 32 (20.38%) NoSQL
18 31 (19.75%) PhD
19 30 (19.11%) Deep Learning
20 27 (17.20%) Kafka
21 25 (15.92%) Computer Science
21 25 (15.92%) JavaScript
22 24 (15.29%) Neural Network
22 24 (15.29%) React
23 23 (14.65%) Data Quality
24 22 (14.01%) Degree

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (31.21%) Apache Spark
2 18 (11.46%) Elasticsearch
3 14 (8.92%) Apache Solr
4 11 (7.01%) Apache
4 11 (7.01%) SAS
5 9 (5.73%) Apache Pig
6 6 (3.82%) Confluence
6 6 (3.82%) SharePoint
7 2 (1.27%) Jupyter
8 1 (0.64%) Amazon Alexa
8 1 (0.64%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 22 (14.01%) Chatbot
2 2 (1.27%) SPSS
3 1 (0.64%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 4 (2.55%) Summit
2 1 (0.64%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 20 (12.74%) Amazon AWS
2 8 (5.10%) Amazon S3
3 6 (3.82%) Dialogflow
3 6 (3.82%) Microsoft Azure
4 4 (2.55%) Google Cloud Platform
5 3 (1.91%) Cloud Computing
6 2 (1.27%) Azure Data Factory
6 2 (1.27%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
7 1 (0.64%) Amazon EC2
7 1 (0.64%) Amazon Kinesis
7 1 (0.64%) Amazon SQS
7 1 (0.64%) Data Lake Analytics
7 1 (0.64%) Google Analytics
7 1 (0.64%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 6 (3.82%) Kerberos
1 6 (3.82%) SSL
1 6 (3.82%) VPN
2 3 (1.91%) HTTP
2 3 (1.91%) SMS
3 1 (0.64%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 50 (31.85%) Big Data
1 50 (31.85%) Hadoop
2 34 (21.66%) MongoDB
3 32 (20.38%) Apache Cassandra
3 32 (20.38%) NoSQL
4 21 (13.38%) Data Mining
5 19 (12.10%) HBase
6 18 (11.46%) Apache Hive
7 16 (10.19%) Neo4j
8 11 (7.01%) Data Warehouse
8 11 (7.01%) Sqoop
9 10 (6.37%) Amazon Redshift
9 10 (6.37%) Data Lake
9 10 (6.37%) Relational Database
10 8 (5.10%) Power BI
10 8 (5.10%) Text Mining
11 6 (3.82%) Parquet
12 5 (3.18%) BigQuery
13 4 (2.55%) Impala
13 4 (2.55%) Spotfire
Development Applications
1 15 (9.55%) Git (software)
2 9 (5.73%) JIRA
3 6 (3.82%) FishEye
4 1 (0.64%) Appium
4 1 (0.64%) Cucumber
4 1 (0.64%) Jasmine
4 1 (0.64%) Karma Test Runner
4 1 (0.64%) Mocha
4 1 (0.64%) RStudio
4 1 (0.64%) Selenium
4 1 (0.64%) Visual Studio
4 1 (0.64%) YouTrack
General
1 49 (31.21%) Finance
2 11 (7.01%) Marketing
2 11 (7.01%) Retail
3 8 (5.10%) Games
4 6 (3.82%) Banking
5 4 (2.55%) Legal
6 2 (1.27%) French Language
6 2 (1.27%) German Language
6 2 (1.27%) Law
6 2 (1.27%) Retail Banking
7 1 (0.64%) Aerospace
7 1 (0.64%) Back Office
7 1 (0.64%) Billing
7 1 (0.64%) Italian Language
7 1 (0.64%) Manufacturing
7 1 (0.64%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 59 (37.58%) Data Scientist
2 35 (22.29%) Developer
3 16 (10.19%) Machine Learning Developer
4 15 (9.55%) Java Developer
5 8 (5.10%) Big Data Developer
6 7 (4.46%) Analyst
6 7 (4.46%) Architect
6 7 (4.46%) Data Engineer
6 7 (4.46%) Python Engineer
7 6 (3.82%) Hadoop Developer
7 6 (3.82%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 6 (3.82%) Product Manager
8 5 (3.18%) Lead Developer
8 5 (3.18%) Scrum Master
8 5 (3.18%) Senior Data Scientist
9 4 (2.55%) Analytics Manager
9 4 (2.55%) Business Analyst
9 4 (2.55%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 3 (1.91%) Software Engineer
10 3 (1.91%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 27 (17.20%) Kafka
2 24 (15.29%) React
3 21 (13.38%) TensorFlow
4 19 (12.10%) Spring
5 16 (10.19%) Hibernate
6 14 (8.92%) Redux
7 10 (6.37%) XML
8 9 (5.73%) HTML
9 8 (5.10%) Deeplearning4j
9 8 (5.10%) scikit-learn
9 8 (5.10%) Theano
10 7 (4.46%) AngularJS
10 7 (4.46%) MXNet
10 7 (4.46%) Play Framework
10 7 (4.46%) SpaCy
11 6 (3.82%) GraphX
11 6 (3.82%) HTML5
11 6 (3.82%) JSON
11 6 (3.82%) Lucene
11 6 (3.82%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 59 (37.58%) Algorithms
2 36 (22.93%) Analytical Skills
3 25 (15.92%) Computer Science
4 16 (10.19%) Greenfield Project
5 8 (5.10%) Fintech
6 5 (3.18%) Management Information System
6 5 (3.18%) PMI
7 3 (1.91%) Robotics
7 3 (1.91%) Self-Motivation
8 2 (1.27%) Clustering
8 2 (1.27%) Data Structures
8 2 (1.27%) Social Media
8 2 (1.27%) Taxonomies
8 2 (1.27%) Virtual Team
9 1 (0.64%) Cloud Native
9 1 (0.64%) Derivative
9 1 (0.64%) iPhone
9 1 (0.64%) Mobile App
9 1 (0.64%) SWIFT
9 1 (0.64%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 11 (7.01%) Unix
2 7 (4.46%) Linux
3 3 (1.91%) Ubuntu
4 1 (0.64%) CentOS
4 1 (0.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 123 (78.34%) Machine Learning
2 93 (59.24%) Data Science
3 61 (38.85%) Analytics
3 61 (38.85%) Artificial Intelligence
4 52 (33.12%) Mathematics
5 44 (28.03%) Visualisation
6 33 (21.02%) Statistics
7 30 (19.11%) Deep Learning
8 24 (15.29%) Neural Network
9 22 (14.01%) ETL
9 22 (14.01%) Support Vector Machines
10 21 (13.38%) Applied Mathematics
10 21 (13.38%) Data Visualisation
10 21 (13.38%) Predictive Modelling
10 21 (13.38%) Problem-Solving
11 19 (12.10%) Agile Software Development
11 19 (12.10%) Linear Regression
11 19 (12.10%) Random Forest
11 19 (12.10%) Software Engineering
12 16 (10.19%) Sentiment Analysis
Programming Languages
1 99 (63.06%) Python
2 65 (41.40%) R
3 47 (29.94%) Java
4 45 (28.66%) SQL
5 35 (22.29%) Scala
6 25 (15.92%) JavaScript
7 21 (13.38%) MATLAB
8 14 (8.92%) Java 8
9 9 (5.73%) Bash Shell
9 9 (5.73%) Perl
10 8 (5.10%) C#
11 5 (3.18%) TypeScript
12 4 (2.55%) C++
13 2 (1.27%) C
13 2 (1.27%) VBA
14 1 (0.64%) PHP
14 1 (0.64%) Ruby
14 1 (0.64%) XPath
Qualifications
1 31 (19.75%) PhD
2 22 (14.01%) Degree
3 8 (5.10%) Computer Science Degree
4 6 (3.82%) Security Cleared
5 5 (3.18%) PMI Certification
5 5 (3.18%) SC Cleared
6 2 (1.27%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.64%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.64%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.64%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (14.65%) Data Quality
2 13 (8.28%) QA
3 2 (1.27%) ISO 20022
3 2 (1.27%) PSD2
4 1 (0.64%) GDPR
System Software
1 12 (7.64%) Apache Flume
2 8 (5.10%) Docker
3 7 (4.46%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 7 (4.46%) Hadoop YARN
1 7 (4.46%) Kubernetes
2 6 (3.82%) Ansible
3 2 (1.27%) Kibana
3 2 (1.27%) Terraform
4 1 (0.64%) logstash
4 1 (0.64%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.64%) Puppet
4 1 (0.64%) SCCM
4 1 (0.64%) SCOM
4 1 (0.64%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 18 (11.46%) Hortonworks
2 16 (10.19%) Tableau
3 8 (5.10%) Alteryx
4 7 (4.46%) Microsoft
5 6 (3.82%) Atlassian
5 6 (3.82%) Google
5 6 (3.82%) Oracle
6 5 (3.18%) Rackspace
6 5 (3.18%) RapidMiner
7 2 (1.27%) Databricks
8 1 (0.64%) Automation Anywhere
8 1 (0.64%) BMC
8 1 (0.64%) CA
8 1 (0.64%) Cloudera
8 1 (0.64%) HP
8 1 (0.64%) MapR
8 1 (0.64%) Remedy
8 1 (0.64%) SAP
8 1 (0.64%) ServiceNow
8 1 (0.64%) Splunk