Period
to 6 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 6 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK > England
6 months to
6 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 560 708 759
Rank change year-on-year +148 +51 +58
Contract jobs citing Natural Language Processing 191 168 116
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.26% 0.18% 0.12%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.84% 0.50% 0.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 163 95 85
England median daily rate £575 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.55% +8.11%
10th Percentile £391 £425 £310
90th Percentile £655 £688 £713
UK median daily rate £575 £565 £550
% change year-on-year +1.77% +2.73% +8.91%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 2 0
England median hourly rate £14.00 £36.25 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -61.38% - -
UK median hourly rate £14.00 £36.25 -
% change year-on-year -61.38% - -

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 22,723 33,775 31,154
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.56% 35.21% 32.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,884 24,146 22,197
England median daily rate £500 £475 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.15% +9.41%
10th Percentile £338 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +3.16% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 242 288 368
England median hourly rate £42.50 £41.53 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.34% +3.83% +2.56%
10th Percentile £17.28 £17.35 £18.00
90th Percentile £78.75 £57.50 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.53 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.34% +3.83% +1.01%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Natural Language Processing in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing in England over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the England region over the 6 months to 6 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +161 182 £575 - 55
South West +7 6 £375 - 3
South East +15 2 £550 -8.33% 5
East of England - 1 - - 7
Natural Language Processing
UK

For the 6 months to 6 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 165 (86.39%) Machine Learning
2 153 (80.10%) Python
3 145 (75.92%) Data Science
4 87 (45.55%) Artificial Intelligence
5 68 (35.60%) Algorithms
6 65 (34.03%) PhD
7 60 (31.41%) Java
8 54 (28.27%) Analytics
9 52 (27.23%) SQL
10 49 (25.65%) Computer Vision
11 48 (25.13%) Finance
12 46 (24.08%) Statistics
12 46 (24.08%) Computer Science
13 43 (22.51%) Agile Software Development
13 43 (22.51%) Apache Spark
14 39 (20.42%) AWS
15 37 (19.37%) C++
16 35 (18.32%) Big Data
17 32 (16.75%) Degree
18 31 (16.23%) Hadoop
19 30 (15.71%) Software Engineering
20 29 (15.18%) Mathematics
20 29 (15.18%) Microservices
21 28 (14.66%) scikit-learn
22 27 (14.14%) Deep Learning
23 25 (13.09%) R
24 24 (12.57%) NoSQL
25 23 (12.04%) Scala
25 23 (12.04%) Problem-Solving
26 22 (11.52%) TensorFlow

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (22.51%) Apache Spark
2 11 (5.76%) Apache
3 10 (5.24%) Elasticsearch
4 7 (3.66%) Jupyter
5 6 (3.14%) Apache Airflow
6 4 (2.09%) Apache Solr
7 2 (1.05%) Apache Pig
7 2 (1.05%) SAS
8 1 (0.52%) ArcGIS
8 1 (0.52%) Confluence
Applications
1 12 (6.28%) Chatbot
2 3 (1.57%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 4 (2.09%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.52%) SAP CRM
2 1 (0.52%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.52%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 39 (20.42%) AWS
2 18 (9.42%) Azure
2 18 (9.42%) GCP
3 14 (7.33%) Serverless
4 11 (5.76%) AWS Lambda
5 8 (4.19%) Amazon S3
5 8 (4.19%) Cloud Computing
6 5 (2.62%) Amazon ECS
6 5 (2.62%) Amazon Kinesis
7 4 (2.09%) AWS CloudFormation
7 4 (2.09%) GitHub
7 4 (2.09%) Power Platform
8 3 (1.57%) Amazon EKS
8 3 (1.57%) Amazon EMR
8 3 (1.57%) Amazon SageMaker
8 3 (1.57%) Amazon SQS
8 3 (1.57%) Azure Data Factory
8 3 (1.57%) Azure Stack
9 2 (1.05%) Google Analytics
10 1 (0.52%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 1 (0.52%) Asterisk PBX
1 1 (0.52%) Kerberos
1 1 (0.52%) SSL
1 1 (0.52%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (18.32%) Big Data
2 31 (16.23%) Hadoop
3 24 (12.57%) NoSQL
4 22 (11.52%) PostgreSQL
5 14 (7.33%) Data Mining
6 11 (5.76%) Apache Hive
6 11 (5.76%) MongoDB
7 10 (5.24%) Neo4j
8 9 (4.71%) Data Warehouse
8 9 (4.71%) Text Mining
9 8 (4.19%) SQL Server
10 7 (3.66%) Apache Cassandra
10 7 (3.66%) BigQuery
10 7 (3.66%) Redis
11 6 (3.14%) Relational Database
12 5 (2.62%) Amazon Redshift
12 5 (2.62%) Parquet
13 4 (2.09%) Data Lake
13 4 (2.09%) HBase
13 4 (2.09%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 8 (4.19%) Git (software)
2 3 (1.57%) kappa
3 2 (1.05%) Jasmine
3 2 (1.05%) PhantomJS
4 1 (0.52%) Bitbucket
4 1 (0.52%) Bitbucket Server
4 1 (0.52%) Bower
4 1 (0.52%) FishEye
4 1 (0.52%) Grunt
4 1 (0.52%) gulp
4 1 (0.52%) JIRA
4 1 (0.52%) TeamCity
General
1 48 (25.13%) Finance
2 15 (7.85%) Banking
3 12 (6.28%) Legal
4 10 (5.24%) Advertising
5 9 (4.71%) Investment Banking
6 8 (4.19%) Marketing
7 7 (3.66%) Games
8 4 (2.09%) Retail
9 3 (1.57%) Front Office
9 3 (1.57%) Telecoms
10 2 (1.05%) Automotive
10 2 (1.05%) Publishing
10 2 (1.05%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.52%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.52%) Law
11 1 (0.52%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.52%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 121 (63.35%) Data Scientist
2 32 (16.75%) Senior Data Scientist
3 30 (15.71%) Developer
4 14 (7.33%) Python Engineer
5 12 (6.28%) Data Engineer
5 12 (6.28%) Machine Learning Scientist
6 8 (4.19%) Python Developer
6 8 (4.19%) React Developer
7 7 (3.66%) Machine Learning Engineer
8 6 (3.14%) Cloud Engineer
9 5 (2.62%) Kubernetes Engineer
10 4 (2.09%) Architect
10 4 (2.09%) Big Data Engineer
10 4 (2.09%) Computer Scientist
10 4 (2.09%) Computer Vision Scientist
10 4 (2.09%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 3 (1.57%) Analyst
11 3 (1.57%) Java Developer
11 3 (1.57%) Lead Developer
11 3 (1.57%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 28 (14.66%) scikit-learn
2 22 (11.52%) TensorFlow
3 14 (7.33%) Pandas
4 13 (6.81%) Kafka
4 13 (6.81%) React
5 11 (5.76%) Keras
5 11 (5.76%) OpenNLP
5 11 (5.76%) SpaCy
6 10 (5.24%) PySpark
7 9 (4.71%) PyTorch
7 9 (4.71%) Redux
8 6 (3.14%) AngularJS
8 6 (3.14%) HTML
8 6 (3.14%) Node.js
8 6 (3.14%) React Native
9 5 (2.62%) CSS
9 5 (2.62%) GraphQL
9 5 (2.62%) NumPy
9 5 (2.62%) REST
9 5 (2.62%) RxJS
Miscellaneous
1 68 (35.60%) Algorithms
2 14 (7.33%) Analytical Skills
3 8 (4.19%) Clustering
4 6 (3.14%) Mobile App
4 6 (3.14%) Self-Motivation
5 5 (2.62%) Credit Risk
6 4 (2.09%) Greenfield Project
6 4 (2.09%) Industry 4.0
6 4 (2.09%) Robotics
6 4 (2.09%) User Experience
7 3 (1.57%) Data Centre
7 3 (1.57%) Online Games
7 3 (1.57%) Social Media
8 1 (0.52%) Analytical Mindset
8 1 (0.52%) Blog
8 1 (0.52%) Data Structures
8 1 (0.52%) Hedge funds
8 1 (0.52%) IVR
8 1 (0.52%) Optoelectronics
Operating Systems
1 5 (2.62%) Linux
2 3 (1.57%) Android
2 3 (1.57%) Apple iOS
3 1 (0.52%) Unix
3 1 (0.52%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 165 (86.39%) Machine Learning
2 145 (75.92%) Data Science
3 87 (45.55%) Artificial Intelligence
4 54 (28.27%) Analytics
5 49 (25.65%) Computer Vision
6 46 (24.08%) Computer Science
6 46 (24.08%) Statistics
7 43 (22.51%) Agile Software Development
8 30 (15.71%) Software Engineering
9 29 (15.18%) Mathematics
9 29 (15.18%) Microservices
10 27 (14.14%) Deep Learning
11 23 (12.04%) Problem-Solving
12 18 (9.42%) Neural Network
12 18 (9.42%) Visualisation
13 16 (8.38%) Data Analytics
13 16 (8.38%) Predictive Analytics
14 15 (7.85%) ETL
15 14 (7.33%) Complexity Analysis
15 14 (7.33%) Conversational UI
Programming Languages
1 153 (80.10%) Python
2 60 (31.41%) Java
3 52 (27.23%) SQL
4 37 (19.37%) C++
5 25 (13.09%) R
6 23 (12.04%) Scala
7 13 (6.81%) JavaScript
8 11 (5.76%) TypeScript
9 8 (4.19%) C#
10 5 (2.62%) C
10 5 (2.62%) ES6
11 4 (2.09%) Bash Shell
11 4 (2.09%) MATLAB
11 4 (2.09%) PL/SQL
12 3 (1.57%) Perl
12 3 (1.57%) PHP
13 2 (1.05%) Gremlin
13 2 (1.05%) Shell Script
14 1 (0.52%) Julia
14 1 (0.52%) SHACL
Qualifications
1 65 (34.03%) PhD
2 32 (16.75%) Degree
3 6 (3.14%) Master's Degree
4 3 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (1.05%) SC Cleared
5 2 (1.05%) Security Cleared
6 1 (0.52%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.52%) Numerate Degree
6 1 (0.52%) Postgraduate
System Software
1 21 (10.99%) Docker
2 4 (2.09%) HDFS
3 1 (0.52%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 14 (7.33%) Kubernetes
2 4 (2.09%) Kibana
3 3 (1.57%) Terraform
4 2 (1.05%) Ansible
5 1 (0.52%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 16 (8.38%) Google
2 11 (5.76%) Microsoft
3 7 (3.66%) Tableau
4 5 (2.62%) MapR
5 3 (1.57%) Apple
5 3 (1.57%) Databricks
5 3 (1.57%) Hortonworks
6 2 (1.05%) Automation Anywhere
6 2 (1.05%) Blue Prism
6 2 (1.05%) Cloudera
6 2 (1.05%) EXASOL
6 2 (1.05%) Oracle
7 1 (0.52%) Atlassian
7 1 (0.52%) Avaya
7 1 (0.52%) Cisco
7 1 (0.52%) ESRI
7 1 (0.52%) SAP
7 1 (0.52%) ServiceNow
7 1 (0.52%) Teradata
7 1 (0.52%) Twitter