Period
to 25 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 25 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK > England
6 months to
25 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 559 553 772
Rank change year-on-year -6 +219 +154
Permanent jobs citing Natural Language Processing 616 770 406
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.45% 0.46% 0.25%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.15% 1.14% 0.63%
Number of salaries quoted 510 679 356
England median annual salary £70,000 £67,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.48% +11.67% -
10th Percentile £47,000 £42,500 £35,000
90th Percentile £120,250 £110,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £70,000 £67,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.48% +11.67% -

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 53,477 67,615 64,656
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 38.84% 40.83% 40.33%
Number of salaries quoted 44,016 57,426 55,754
England median annual salary £53,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,000 £29,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing in England.

Salary trend for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing in England over the 6 months to 25 April 2019.

Salary histogram for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the England region over the 6 months to 25 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +30 468 £75,000 +7.14% 23
South East -51 39 £60,750 -9.33% 7
East of England +18 36 £55,000 -2.22% 11
South West +33 32 £55,000 -26.67% 1
North of England +46 27 £42,500 -5.56% 2
North West +45 18 £42,500 -5.56% 2
Midlands +27 11 £65,000 +44.44% 1
West Midlands +17 7 £72,500 +61.11% 1
Yorkshire - 5 £49,000 -
North East +19 4 £28,673 -57.52%
East Midlands - 4 £62,500 -
Natural Language Processing
UK

For the 6 months to 25 April 2019, IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 515 (83.60%) Machine Learning
2 450 (73.05%) Python
3 365 (59.25%) Artificial Intelligence
4 341 (55.36%) Data Science
5 198 (32.14%) Analytics
6 194 (31.49%) SQL
7 184 (29.87%) Deep Learning
8 176 (28.57%) Finance
9 170 (27.60%) Java
10 168 (27.27%) Big Data
11 167 (27.11%) Algorithms
12 164 (26.62%) PhD
13 158 (25.65%) Computer Science
14 147 (23.86%) R
15 141 (22.89%) Amazon AWS
16 136 (22.08%) Degree
17 135 (21.92%) Apache Spark
18 130 (21.10%) Software Engineering
19 127 (20.62%) Mathematics
20 125 (20.29%) Agile Software Development
20 125 (20.29%) scikit-learn
21 124 (20.13%) Neural Network
22 108 (17.53%) TensorFlow
23 106 (17.21%) Hadoop
24 97 (15.75%) Statistics
25 95 (15.42%) Analytical Skills
26 93 (15.10%) Scala
27 89 (14.45%) Pandas
28 83 (13.47%) NoSQL
29 82 (13.31%) Visualisation

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 135 (21.92%) Apache Spark
2 53 (8.60%) Elasticsearch
3 28 (4.55%) Apache
4 22 (3.57%) Jupyter
4 22 (3.57%) SAS
5 10 (1.62%) OpenStack
6 9 (1.46%) Apache Pig
7 6 (0.97%) Apache Airflow
7 6 (0.97%) DNN
7 6 (0.97%) IPython
8 5 (0.81%) CMS
8 5 (0.81%) Tomcat
9 4 (0.65%) Apache Solr
10 3 (0.49%) nginx
11 2 (0.32%) IIS
12 1 (0.16%) Confluence
12 1 (0.16%) Luigi
Applications
1 32 (5.19%) Chatbot
2 14 (2.27%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (1.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 10 (1.62%) SPSS
4 6 (0.97%) Stata
5 4 (0.65%) S-PLUS
6 3 (0.49%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.32%) Weka
Business Applications
1 9 (1.46%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.32%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 141 (22.89%) Amazon AWS
2 73 (11.85%) Microsoft Azure
3 58 (9.42%) Google Cloud Platform
4 12 (1.95%) Amazon EC2
4 12 (1.95%) Amazon SageMaker
5 10 (1.62%) Amazon S3
6 9 (1.46%) SaaS
7 8 (1.30%) GitHub
8 7 (1.14%) AWS Lambda
8 7 (1.14%) npm
9 6 (0.97%) AWS CloudFormation
9 6 (0.97%) Cloud Computing
9 6 (0.97%) Route 53
10 5 (0.81%) Amazon SQS
10 5 (0.81%) Azure Machine Learning
10 5 (0.81%) Serverless
11 4 (0.65%) Amazon ELB
11 4 (0.65%) Azure Data Factory
11 4 (0.65%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 3 (0.49%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 5 (0.81%) TCP/IP
2 4 (0.65%) Firewall
2 4 (0.65%) Internet
3 3 (0.49%) Wireless
4 2 (0.32%) Bluetooth
4 2 (0.32%) DNS
4 2 (0.32%) Network Security
4 2 (0.32%) NFC
4 2 (0.32%) SAN
4 2 (0.32%) VLAN
4 2 (0.32%) VPN
5 1 (0.16%) Cisco ASA
5 1 (0.16%) HTTP
5 1 (0.16%) LAN
5 1 (0.16%) VoIP
5 1 (0.16%) WAN
5 1 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 168 (27.27%) Big Data
2 106 (17.21%) Hadoop
3 83 (13.47%) NoSQL
4 56 (9.09%) Neo4j
5 50 (8.12%) Data Mining
6 36 (5.84%) Text Mining
7 29 (4.71%) MongoDB
8 28 (4.55%) Apache Cassandra
8 28 (4.55%) Apache Hive
8 28 (4.55%) MySQL
9 21 (3.41%) Redis
10 19 (3.08%) Blockchain
10 19 (3.08%) PostgreSQL
11 18 (2.92%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 16 (2.60%) Relational Database
13 14 (2.27%) Data Lake
13 14 (2.27%) HBase
14 12 (1.95%) SQL Server
15 10 (1.62%) Power BI
16 9 (1.46%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 47 (7.63%) Git (software)
2 26 (4.22%) Jenkins
3 18 (2.92%) Mercurial
4 14 (2.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 8 (1.30%) Subversion
6 7 (1.14%) JIRA
6 7 (1.14%) Vagrant
7 5 (0.81%) GitLab
8 4 (0.65%) Selenium
9 3 (0.49%) Cucumber
9 3 (0.49%) RStudio
9 3 (0.49%) TeamCity
9 3 (0.49%) Visual Studio Team System
10 2 (0.32%) ER Studio
10 2 (0.32%) ERwin
10 2 (0.32%) Jasmine
10 2 (0.32%) Karma Test Runner
10 2 (0.32%) LoadRunner
10 2 (0.32%) Maven
10 2 (0.32%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 176 (28.57%) Finance
2 46 (7.47%) Retail
3 39 (6.33%) Banking
4 26 (4.22%) Games
5 24 (3.90%) Marketing
6 23 (3.73%) Law
7 20 (3.25%) Publishing
8 14 (2.27%) Telecoms
9 9 (1.46%) Legal
10 7 (1.14%) Pharmaceutical
11 6 (0.97%) Automotive
11 6 (0.97%) Billing
11 6 (0.97%) Military
12 5 (0.81%) Manufacturing
12 5 (0.81%) Social Science
13 4 (0.65%) Investment Banking
14 3 (0.49%) Aerospace
14 3 (0.49%) Electronics
15 2 (0.32%) Advertising
16 1 (0.16%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 206 (33.44%) Data Scientist
2 85 (13.80%) Developer
3 55 (8.93%) Senior Data Scientist
4 45 (7.31%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 41 (6.66%) Data Engineer
6 39 (6.33%) Software Engineer
7 37 (6.01%) Python Engineer
8 34 (5.52%) Architect
9 31 (5.03%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 30 (4.87%) Python Developer
11 25 (4.06%) Machine Learning Researcher
12 20 (3.25%) AWS Architect
12 20 (3.25%) Azure Architect
12 20 (3.25%) Cloud Architect
13 19 (3.08%) Analyst
13 19 (3.08%) Java Engineer
13 19 (3.08%) Solutions Architect
14 18 (2.92%) Software Developer
15 15 (2.44%) Data Analyst
15 15 (2.44%) Research Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 125 (20.29%) scikit-learn
2 108 (17.53%) TensorFlow
3 89 (14.45%) Pandas
4 64 (10.39%) NumPy
5 49 (7.95%) Kafka
6 48 (7.79%) SciPy
7 42 (6.82%) Django
8 39 (6.33%) HTML
8 39 (6.33%) RESTful
9 38 (6.17%) Web Services
10 35 (5.68%) React
11 29 (4.71%) REST
12 25 (4.06%) JSON
13 22 (3.57%) .NET
13 22 (3.57%) Redux
14 20 (3.25%) Keras
15 19 (3.08%) AngularJS
15 19 (3.08%) HTML5
16 18 (2.92%) CSS
17 17 (2.76%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 167 (27.11%) Algorithms
2 95 (15.42%) Analytical Skills
3 48 (7.79%) Fintech
4 35 (5.68%) Robotics
5 29 (4.71%) Public Cloud
6 22 (3.57%) Data Structures
6 22 (3.57%) Social Media
7 20 (3.25%) Enterprise Cloud
8 18 (2.92%) User Experience
9 16 (2.60%) Greenfield Project
10 15 (2.44%) Hedge funds
11 12 (1.95%) Private Cloud
11 12 (1.95%) Self-Motivation
12 10 (1.62%) Hybrid Cloud
12 10 (1.62%) Management Information System
12 10 (1.62%) Virtual Team
13 9 (1.46%) Cloud Native
14 8 (1.30%) Blog
14 8 (1.30%) Mobile App
15 7 (1.14%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 44 (7.14%) Linux
2 33 (5.36%) Unix
3 6 (0.97%) Android
4 4 (0.65%) Windows
5 3 (0.49%) CentOS
5 3 (0.49%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.16%) Robot Operating System
6 1 (0.16%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 515 (83.60%) Machine Learning
2 365 (59.25%) Artificial Intelligence
3 341 (55.36%) Data Science
4 198 (32.14%) Analytics
5 184 (29.87%) Deep Learning
6 158 (25.65%) Computer Science
7 130 (21.10%) Software Engineering
8 127 (20.62%) Mathematics
9 125 (20.29%) Agile Software Development
10 124 (20.13%) Neural Network
11 97 (15.75%) Statistics
12 82 (13.31%) Visualisation
13 78 (12.66%) Problem-Solving
14 76 (12.34%) Physics
15 68 (11.04%) Data Analytics
16 65 (10.55%) Bayesian Methods
17 63 (10.23%) DevOps
18 46 (7.47%) Open Source
18 46 (7.47%) Reinforcement Learning
19 45 (7.31%) Predictive Analytics
Programming Languages
1 450 (73.05%) Python
2 194 (31.49%) SQL
3 170 (27.60%) Java
4 147 (23.86%) R
5 93 (15.10%) Scala
6 75 (12.18%) JavaScript
7 62 (10.06%) C++
8 50 (8.12%) C#
9 32 (5.19%) Go
10 30 (4.87%) C
11 27 (4.38%) Clojure
12 22 (3.57%) Cypher
13 20 (3.25%) VB
14 19 (3.08%) Shell Script
14 19 (3.08%) VBA
15 18 (2.92%) Java 8
15 18 (2.92%) MATLAB
16 15 (2.44%) PHP
17 14 (2.27%) ML
18 13 (2.11%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 164 (26.62%) PhD
2 136 (22.08%) Degree
3 29 (4.71%) MBA
4 20 (3.25%) Master's Degree
5 17 (2.76%) Computer Science Degree
6 16 (2.60%) MPhil
7 10 (1.62%) Security Cleared
8 8 (1.30%) Numerate Degree
9 5 (0.81%) DV Cleared
10 3 (0.49%) SC Cleared
11 2 (0.32%) CEH
11 2 (0.32%) ISEB
11 2 (0.32%) ISTQB
11 2 (0.32%) PMI Certification
11 2 (0.32%) Postgraduate
11 2 (0.32%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (3.41%) Data Quality
2 3 (0.49%) QA
3 2 (0.32%) SLA
4 1 (0.16%) Basel III
4 1 (0.16%) EMIR
4 1 (0.16%) GDPR
4 1 (0.16%) IFRS
4 1 (0.16%) MiFID
System Software
1 43 (6.98%) Docker
2 11 (1.79%) VMware Infrastructure
3 7 (1.14%) VirtualBox
4 5 (0.81%) Oracle RAC
5 4 (0.65%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.49%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.32%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.16%) HDFS
8 1 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 33 (5.36%) Kubernetes
2 22 (3.57%) Terraform
3 19 (3.08%) Ansible
4 13 (2.11%) Docker Swarm
5 7 (1.14%) Puppet
6 4 (0.65%) Opscode Chef
7 3 (0.49%) Hadoop YARN
8 2 (0.32%) Ambari
8 2 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
8 2 (0.32%) Kibana
8 2 (0.32%) Packer
8 2 (0.32%) Salt
9 1 (0.16%) FortiGate
9 1 (0.16%) logstash
Vendors
1 63 (10.23%) Google
2 29 (4.71%) IBM
3 27 (4.38%) Microsoft
4 24 (3.90%) Tableau
5 20 (3.25%) Salesforce.com
6 18 (2.92%) Blue Prism
7 17 (2.76%) Databricks
8 16 (2.60%) Dataiku
8 16 (2.60%) Hortonworks
9 13 (2.11%) Oracle
10 12 (1.95%) VMware
11 11 (1.79%) Cloudera
12 10 (1.62%) Automation Anywhere
12 10 (1.62%) UiPath
13 6 (0.97%) EXASOL
13 6 (0.97%) MicroStrategy
13 6 (0.97%) Twitter
14 5 (0.81%) Alteryx
14 5 (0.81%) Splunk
14 5 (0.81%) Teradata