Period
to 20 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 20 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK > England
6 months to
20 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 561 673 724
Rank change year-on-year +112 +51 +327
Permanent jobs citing Natural Language Processing 704 536 541
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.46% 0.33% 0.30%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.15% 0.81% 0.77%
Number of salaries quoted 596 454 481
England median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.85% +13.04% -8.00%
10th Percentile £43,750 £38,750 £37,500
90th Percentile £125,000 £91,250 £100,000
UK median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +3.85% +13.04% -8.00%

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 61,203 65,991 70,540
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.17% 40.34% 39.15%
Number of salaries quoted 50,969 54,989 61,672
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £77,750 £76,250
UK median annual salary £51,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +2.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing in England.

Salary trend for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing in England over the 6 months to 20 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the England region over the 6 months to 20 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +59 445 £75,000 +15.38% 63
South East +65 126 £55,000 -21.43% 10
East of England +47 69 £57,500 +27.78% 6
North of England +56 23 £50,000 +25.00% 4
Midlands +41 21 £52,500 +5.00%
North West +17 18 £50,000 +25.00% 2
West Midlands +44 17 £56,250 +4.17%
South West +12 15 £35,000 -12.50% 1
Yorkshire +28 5 £47,500 -5.00% 1
East Midlands +3 4 £35,000 +55.56%
Natural Language Processing
UK

For the 6 months to 20 October 2018, IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 589 (83.66%) Machine Learning
2 587 (83.38%) Python
3 382 (54.26%) Deep Learning
4 375 (53.27%) Artificial Intelligence
5 320 (45.45%) Data Science
6 303 (43.04%) PhD
7 257 (36.51%) Java
8 252 (35.80%) Algorithms
9 247 (35.09%) TensorFlow
10 233 (33.10%) Software Engineering
11 230 (32.67%) C++
12 214 (30.40%) Bayesian Methods
13 192 (27.27%) Analytics
13 192 (27.27%) Computer Science
14 187 (26.56%) Reinforcement Learning
15 182 (25.85%) Neural Network
16 181 (25.71%) Probabilistic Modelling
17 166 (23.58%) R
18 165 (23.44%) Statistics
19 155 (22.02%) Mathematics
20 148 (21.02%) C
20 148 (21.02%) Big Data
21 144 (20.45%) Apache Spark
22 137 (19.46%) C#
23 133 (18.89%) Visualisation
24 132 (18.75%) Multithreading
25 131 (18.61%) Degree
25 131 (18.61%) MPhil
26 125 (17.76%) Finance
27 122 (17.33%) Hadoop

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 144 (20.45%) Apache Spark
2 49 (6.96%) Elasticsearch
3 27 (3.84%) Apache
4 24 (3.41%) SAS
5 18 (2.56%) Jupyter
6 12 (1.70%) Amazon Alexa
6 12 (1.70%) Apache Solr
7 8 (1.14%) Apache Pig
8 7 (0.99%) OpenStack
9 6 (0.85%) JBoss
10 2 (0.28%) Appian
10 2 (0.28%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.28%) Tornado
11 1 (0.14%) ArcGIS
11 1 (0.14%) Cloud Foundry
11 1 (0.14%) Confluence
11 1 (0.14%) Jetty
11 1 (0.14%) Mule
Applications
1 32 (4.55%) Chatbot
2 6 (0.85%) SPSS
3 5 (0.71%) Spreadsheet
4 4 (0.57%) GNU Octave
4 4 (0.57%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.14%) Mingle
5 1 (0.14%) Weka
Cloud Services
1 81 (11.51%) Amazon AWS
2 56 (7.95%) Microsoft Azure
3 39 (5.54%) Google Cloud Platform
4 22 (3.13%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
5 16 (2.27%) Siri
6 15 (2.13%) Amazon SageMaker
7 14 (1.99%) GitHub
8 11 (1.56%) Cloud Computing
9 10 (1.42%) Dialogflow
10 9 (1.28%) SaaS
11 5 (0.71%) Serverless
12 4 (0.57%) Amazon S3
12 4 (0.57%) AWS Lambda
13 3 (0.43%) Amazon EMR
14 2 (0.28%) Amazon EC2
14 2 (0.28%) Amazon Kinesis
14 2 (0.28%) AWS Fargate
14 2 (0.28%) Azure Machine Learning
14 2 (0.28%) IaaS
14 2 (0.28%) Wit.ai
Communications & Networking
1 10 (1.42%) Bluetooth
1 10 (1.42%) NFC
2 6 (0.85%) DAB
3 1 (0.14%) HTTP
3 1 (0.14%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 148 (21.02%) Big Data
2 122 (17.33%) Hadoop
3 59 (8.38%) NoSQL
4 47 (6.68%) Apache Hive
5 45 (6.39%) Text Mining
6 36 (5.11%) MongoDB
7 32 (4.55%) QlikView
8 31 (4.40%) PostgreSQL
9 30 (4.26%) HBase
10 28 (3.98%) Data Mining
11 27 (3.84%) Neo4j
12 21 (2.98%) Relational Database
13 20 (2.84%) Impala
14 19 (2.70%) MySQL
15 18 (2.56%) Apache Cassandra
15 18 (2.56%) Data Lake
16 14 (1.99%) Amazon Redshift
16 14 (1.99%) Cosmos DB
16 14 (1.99%) Power BI
17 13 (1.85%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 37 (5.26%) Git (software)
2 26 (3.69%) Jenkins
3 13 (1.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 13 (1.85%) Vagrant
4 10 (1.42%) JUnit
5 9 (1.28%) Gradle
6 8 (1.14%) Maven
6 8 (1.14%) Selenium
7 7 (0.99%) Subversion
8 5 (0.71%) GitLab
8 5 (0.71%) Octopus Deploy
8 5 (0.71%) TeamCity
9 4 (0.57%) NUnit
9 4 (0.57%) Visual Studio
10 3 (0.43%) Mockito
11 2 (0.28%) JIRA
11 2 (0.28%) JMeter
12 1 (0.14%) Bitbucket
12 1 (0.14%) RStudio
12 1 (0.14%) Spock
General
1 125 (17.76%) Finance
2 51 (7.24%) Publishing
3 46 (6.53%) Games
4 33 (4.69%) Banking
5 22 (3.13%) Law
6 21 (2.98%) Marketing
7 20 (2.84%) Retail
8 15 (2.13%) Investment Banking
8 15 (2.13%) Manufacturing
9 12 (1.70%) Telecoms
10 8 (1.14%) Automotive
10 8 (1.14%) Electronics
11 7 (0.99%) Aerospace
12 6 (0.85%) Advertising
12 6 (0.85%) Legal
13 4 (0.57%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.43%) Retail Banking
15 2 (0.28%) Front Office
16 1 (0.14%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 217 (30.82%) Data Scientist
2 146 (20.74%) Developer
3 100 (14.20%) Software Engineer
4 95 (13.49%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 91 (12.93%) Senior Data Scientist
6 79 (11.22%) Machine Learning Researcher
7 66 (9.38%) Python Engineer
8 61 (8.66%) Software Developer
9 56 (7.95%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 49 (6.96%) Machine Learning Scientist
11 40 (5.68%) Data Engineer
12 36 (5.11%) Architect
13 32 (4.55%) Python Developer
14 26 (3.69%) C++ Software Engineer
15 21 (2.98%) C++ Developer
15 21 (2.98%) Junior
16 20 (2.84%) C++ Software Developer
17 19 (2.70%) Java Developer
18 18 (2.56%) Analyst
18 18 (2.56%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 247 (35.09%) TensorFlow
2 76 (10.80%) scikit-learn
3 65 (9.23%) Pandas
4 54 (7.67%) NumPy
5 46 (6.53%) SciPy
5 46 (6.53%) Web Services
6 28 (3.98%) Theano
7 27 (3.84%) MLlib
7 27 (3.84%) RESTful
8 26 (3.69%) Keras
9 25 (3.55%) PySpark
10 24 (3.41%) AngularJS
11 21 (2.98%) HTML
11 21 (2.98%) React
12 20 (2.84%) Kafka
12 20 (2.84%) SpaCy
13 18 (2.56%) Spring
14 17 (2.41%) D3.js
14 17 (2.41%) REST
15 16 (2.27%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 252 (35.80%) Algorithms
2 192 (27.27%) Computer Science
3 68 (9.66%) Analytical Skills
4 40 (5.68%) Fintech
5 27 (3.84%) Hedge funds
6 26 (3.69%) Robotics
6 26 (3.69%) Smart City
7 24 (3.41%) Greenfield Project
7 24 (3.41%) Social Media
8 20 (2.84%) User Experience
9 16 (2.27%) Data Structures
10 14 (1.99%) Enterprise Cloud
10 14 (1.99%) Public Cloud
11 13 (1.85%) Data Protection Act
12 12 (1.70%) Enterprise Software
13 10 (1.42%) Blog
13 10 (1.42%) Grid Computing
14 8 (1.14%) Life Science
14 8 (1.14%) Private Cloud
14 8 (1.14%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 32 (4.55%) Linux
2 6 (0.85%) Robot Operating System
3 4 (0.57%) Unix
4 3 (0.43%) Android
4 3 (0.43%) Windows
5 2 (0.28%) Apple iOS
5 2 (0.28%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 589 (83.66%) Machine Learning
2 382 (54.26%) Deep Learning
3 375 (53.27%) Artificial Intelligence
4 320 (45.45%) Data Science
5 233 (33.10%) Software Engineering
6 214 (30.40%) Bayesian Methods
7 192 (27.27%) Analytics
8 187 (26.56%) Reinforcement Learning
9 182 (25.85%) Neural Network
10 181 (25.71%) Probabilistic Modelling
11 165 (23.44%) Statistics
12 155 (22.02%) Mathematics
13 133 (18.89%) Visualisation
14 132 (18.75%) Multithreading
15 122 (17.33%) Distributed Algorithms
16 114 (16.19%) Agile Software Development
16 114 (16.19%) Computational Linguistics
17 102 (14.49%) Biology
17 102 (14.49%) Computational Biology
18 91 (12.93%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 587 (83.38%) Python
2 257 (36.51%) Java
3 230 (32.67%) C++
4 166 (23.58%) R
5 148 (21.02%) C
6 137 (19.46%) C#
7 120 (17.05%) SQL
8 62 (8.81%) JavaScript
9 42 (5.97%) MATLAB
9 42 (5.97%) Scala
10 12 (1.70%) Julia
11 10 (1.42%) AspectJ
11 10 (1.42%) Cython
12 7 (0.99%) Ruby
13 6 (0.85%) TypeScript
14 4 (0.57%) Java 8
14 4 (0.57%) SPARQL
15 3 (0.43%) Clojure
16 2 (0.28%) Bash Shell
16 2 (0.28%) Go
Qualifications
1 303 (43.04%) PhD
2 131 (18.61%) Degree
2 131 (18.61%) MPhil
3 38 (5.40%) Computer Science Degree
4 22 (3.13%) Master's Degree
5 15 (2.13%) Numerate Degree
6 14 (1.99%) MBA
7 11 (1.56%) Security Cleared
8 2 (0.28%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.28%) SC Cleared
9 1 (0.14%) CFA
9 1 (0.14%) Postgraduate
9 1 (0.14%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (2.56%) QA
2 11 (1.56%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.71%) GDPR
4 3 (0.43%) Solvency II
System Software
1 43 (6.11%) Docker
2 27 (3.84%) HDFS
3 17 (2.41%) VirtualBox
4 7 (0.99%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.57%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 33 (4.69%) Kubernetes
2 21 (2.98%) Ansible
3 19 (2.70%) Terraform
4 15 (2.13%) Kibana
5 13 (1.85%) Docker Swarm
6 11 (1.56%) logstash
7 6 (0.85%) Puppet
8 5 (0.71%) Opscode Chef
9 3 (0.43%) Mesos
9 3 (0.43%) Oozie
10 2 (0.28%) Salt
11 1 (0.14%) Rancher
Vendors
1 78 (11.08%) Google
2 73 (10.37%) Tableau
3 18 (2.56%) Microsoft
4 16 (2.27%) IBM
5 15 (2.13%) Cloudera
5 15 (2.13%) Hortonworks
6 14 (1.99%) Salesforce.com
7 13 (1.85%) Databricks
7 13 (1.85%) Dataiku
8 12 (1.70%) Apple
9 9 (1.28%) Oracle
9 9 (1.28%) SAP
10 7 (0.99%) VMware
11 6 (0.85%) Xceptor
12 5 (0.71%) Twitter
13 2 (0.28%) Alteryx
13 2 (0.28%) Blue Prism
13 2 (0.28%) Pega
13 2 (0.28%) Talend
13 2 (0.28%) UiPath