Period
to 22 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 22 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 587 804 918
Rank change year-on-year +217 +114 +117
Permanent jobs citing Natural Language Processing 709 375 346
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.43% 0.23% 0.18%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.05% 0.57% 0.45%
Number of salaries quoted 602 336 294
England median annual salary £65,000 £59,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.17% -1.67% +9.09%
10th Percentile £41,250 £35,000 £37,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £100,000 £97,375
UK median annual salary £65,000 £58,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +12.07% -3.33% +9.09%

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 67,336 65,578 76,448
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.86% 39.58% 38.73%
Number of salaries quoted 57,246 56,863 66,223
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.15% +3.33%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,250 £28,275
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing in England.

Salary trend for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing in England over the 6 months to 22 February 2018.

Salary histogram for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the England region over the 6 months to 22 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +172 527 £65,000 +8.33% 82
South East +59 81 £70,000 +7.69% 22
East of England +35 59 £57,500 +21.05% 7
South West -8 16 £60,000 +50.00% 7
West Midlands +17 12 £52,500 +23.53% 3
Midlands +7 12 £52,500 +23.53% 4
North of England +4 11 £45,000 +50.00% 6
North West +1 11 £45,000 +50.00% 6
Natural Language Processing
UK

For the 6 months to 22 February 2018, IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 626 (88.29%) Machine Learning
2 520 (73.34%) Python
3 353 (49.79%) Data Science
4 267 (37.66%) Artificial Intelligence
5 242 (34.13%) Algorithms
6 235 (33.15%) Deep Learning
7 211 (29.76%) Agile Software Development
8 205 (28.91%) PhD
9 204 (28.77%) Java
9 204 (28.77%) Apache Spark
9 204 (28.77%) Big Data
10 187 (26.38%) Finance
11 186 (26.23%) Computer Science
12 180 (25.39%) Analytics
13 168 (23.70%) R
14 167 (23.55%) SQL
15 156 (22.00%) Neural Network
16 152 (21.44%) C++
17 148 (20.87%) Amazon AWS
18 147 (20.73%) Software Engineering
19 123 (17.35%) Mathematics
20 122 (17.21%) Degree
21 119 (16.78%) Statistics
22 110 (15.51%) Analytical Skills
23 109 (15.37%) Docker
24 102 (14.39%) JavaScript
25 100 (14.10%) Bayesian Methods
26 96 (13.54%) Legal
27 95 (13.40%) Data Protection
27 95 (13.40%) Cybersecurity

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 204 (28.77%) Apache Spark
2 35 (4.94%) Elasticsearch
3 31 (4.37%) Apache
4 17 (2.40%) SAS
5 16 (2.26%) Apache Solr
6 15 (2.12%) MS Exchange
7 10 (1.41%) JBoss
8 7 (0.99%) nginx
9 6 (0.85%) Tomcat
10 5 (0.71%) Apache Pig
10 5 (0.71%) DNN
10 5 (0.71%) Jetty
11 2 (0.28%) Amazon Alexa
12 1 (0.14%) Jupyter
12 1 (0.14%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 22 (3.10%) Chatbot
2 12 (1.69%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.28%) SPSS
5 1 (0.14%) S-PLUS
5 1 (0.14%) Stata
Cloud Services
1 148 (20.87%) Amazon AWS
2 43 (6.06%) Microsoft Azure
3 27 (3.81%) GitHub
4 21 (2.96%) Google Cloud Platform
5 14 (1.97%) Amazon EMR
6 11 (1.55%) SaaS
7 10 (1.41%) Azure Machine Learning
8 7 (0.99%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
9 4 (0.56%) Dialogflow
10 3 (0.42%) Cloud Computing
11 2 (0.28%) Serverless
12 1 (0.14%) Amazon EC2
12 1 (0.14%) Amazon S3
12 1 (0.14%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 10 (1.41%) SMTP
2 8 (1.13%) DAB
3 7 (0.99%) Network Security
4 6 (0.85%) Internet
5 4 (0.56%) Skype
6 2 (0.28%) DHCP
6 2 (0.28%) DNS
6 2 (0.28%) IPv4
6 2 (0.28%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 204 (28.77%) Big Data
2 90 (12.69%) Hadoop
3 86 (12.13%) PostgreSQL
4 65 (9.17%) MongoDB
5 55 (7.76%) Data Mining
6 43 (6.06%) NoSQL
6 43 (6.06%) Text Mining
7 42 (5.92%) Apache Cassandra
8 26 (3.67%) HBase
9 21 (2.96%) Apache Hive
10 20 (2.82%) Neo4j
11 17 (2.40%) Mahout
12 15 (2.12%) QlikView
13 14 (1.97%) Amazon Redshift
13 14 (1.97%) Relational Database
14 13 (1.83%) MySQL
15 12 (1.69%) Power BI
16 8 (1.13%) Amazon RDS
16 8 (1.13%) OrientDB
17 5 (0.71%) Redis
Development Applications
1 46 (6.49%) Git (software)
2 45 (6.35%) Jenkins
3 29 (4.09%) Selenium
4 12 (1.69%) JIRA
5 9 (1.27%) Subversion
6 8 (1.13%) IntelliJ
6 8 (1.13%) JUnit
7 5 (0.71%) Gradle
7 5 (0.71%) Maven
8 4 (0.56%) Codeception
8 4 (0.56%) Vagrant
9 3 (0.42%) Bitbucket
10 2 (0.28%) Ant
10 2 (0.28%) TeamCity
10 2 (0.28%) YouTrack
11 1 (0.14%) git-flow
11 1 (0.14%) GitLab
11 1 (0.14%) gulp
11 1 (0.14%) PhantomJS
General
1 187 (26.38%) Finance
2 96 (13.54%) Legal
3 33 (4.65%) Marketing
4 27 (3.81%) Banking
5 21 (2.96%) Retail
6 18 (2.54%) Financial Institution
7 17 (2.40%) Games
7 17 (2.40%) Publishing
8 14 (1.97%) Law
9 13 (1.83%) Telecoms
10 11 (1.55%) Back Office
11 10 (1.41%) Advertising
12 7 (0.99%) Investment Banking
13 6 (0.85%) Automotive
13 6 (0.85%) Retail Banking
14 3 (0.42%) Aerospace
15 2 (0.28%) Electronics
15 2 (0.28%) Manufacturing
16 1 (0.14%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 187 (26.38%) Data Scientist
2 119 (16.78%) Developer
3 70 (9.87%) Machine Learning Scientist
4 69 (9.73%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 56 (7.90%) Software Engineer
6 43 (6.06%) Python Developer
7 42 (5.92%) Senior Data Scientist
8 41 (5.78%) Senior Developer
9 33 (4.65%) Java Developer
10 28 (3.95%) Data Engineer
11 27 (3.81%) Machine Learning Researcher
12 26 (3.67%) Senior Java Developer
13 24 (3.39%) DevOps Engineer
13 24 (3.39%) Senior Software Engineer
14 23 (3.24%) Software Developer
15 19 (2.68%) Junior
16 18 (2.54%) Research Engineer
17 17 (2.40%) Machine Learning Developer
18 16 (2.26%) Research Scientist
19 15 (2.12%) Big Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 93 (13.12%) TensorFlow
2 58 (8.18%) Web Services
3 48 (6.77%) Kafka
3 48 (6.77%) Node.js
4 47 (6.63%) Django
5 43 (6.06%) RabbitMQ
6 38 (5.36%) React
7 34 (4.80%) Pandas
8 33 (4.65%) scikit-learn
9 32 (4.51%) NumPy
10 31 (4.37%) REST
11 28 (3.95%) RESTful
11 28 (3.95%) Theano
12 27 (3.81%) SciPy
13 25 (3.53%) Flask
14 24 (3.39%) .NET
15 23 (3.24%) Spring
16 22 (3.10%) Keras
17 21 (2.96%) AngularJS
18 15 (2.12%) Celery
Miscellaneous
1 242 (34.13%) Algorithms
2 186 (26.23%) Computer Science
3 110 (15.51%) Analytical Skills
4 88 (12.41%) Cyberthreat
5 51 (7.19%) Fintech
6 44 (6.21%) User Experience
7 24 (3.39%) Greenfield Project
8 23 (3.24%) Clustering
8 23 (3.24%) Hedge funds
9 21 (2.96%) Data Structures
10 17 (2.40%) Social Media
11 15 (2.12%) Enterprise Software
11 15 (2.12%) Linux Command Line
11 15 (2.12%) Social Network
12 9 (1.27%) Linked Data
12 9 (1.27%) Management Information System
13 7 (0.99%) Minimum Viable Product
14 6 (0.85%) Robotics
15 5 (0.71%) NHS
16 4 (0.56%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 78 (11.00%) Linux
2 14 (1.97%) Windows
3 8 (1.13%) Apple iOS
4 5 (0.71%) Android
4 5 (0.71%) Unix
5 2 (0.28%) Debian
5 2 (0.28%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.14%) CentOS
6 1 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 626 (88.29%) Machine Learning
2 353 (49.79%) Data Science
3 267 (37.66%) Artificial Intelligence
4 235 (33.15%) Deep Learning
5 211 (29.76%) Agile Software Development
6 180 (25.39%) Analytics
7 156 (22.00%) Neural Network
8 147 (20.73%) Software Engineering
9 123 (17.35%) Mathematics
10 119 (16.78%) Statistics
11 100 (14.10%) Bayesian Methods
12 95 (13.40%) Cybersecurity
12 95 (13.40%) Data Protection
13 81 (11.42%) Information Security
14 74 (10.44%) Physics
15 73 (10.30%) Continuous Integration
15 73 (10.30%) Visualisation
16 72 (10.16%) TDD
17 61 (8.60%) Open Source
18 59 (8.32%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 520 (73.34%) Python
2 204 (28.77%) Java
3 168 (23.70%) R
4 167 (23.55%) SQL
5 152 (21.44%) C++
6 102 (14.39%) JavaScript
7 79 (11.14%) Scala
8 78 (11.00%) MATLAB
9 68 (9.59%) C
9 68 (9.59%) Ruby
10 66 (9.31%) C#
11 30 (4.23%) Go
12 20 (2.82%) Julia
13 18 (2.54%) Shell Script
14 11 (1.55%) VB.NET
15 8 (1.13%) Elixir
15 8 (1.13%) XPath
16 7 (0.99%) Bash Shell
17 5 (0.71%) Clojure
17 5 (0.71%) PHP
Qualifications
1 205 (28.91%) PhD
2 122 (17.21%) Degree
3 21 (2.96%) Computer Science Degree
4 15 (2.12%) Security Cleared
5 11 (1.55%) DV Cleared
6 8 (1.13%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.14%) Postgraduate
7 1 (0.14%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (1.83%) Data Quality
2 5 (0.71%) Solvency II
3 4 (0.56%) GCP
3 4 (0.56%) GDPR
3 4 (0.56%) QA
4 1 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
4 1 (0.14%) EMIR
4 1 (0.14%) FATCA
4 1 (0.14%) MiFID
System Software
1 109 (15.37%) Docker
2 7 (0.99%) HDFS
3 6 (0.85%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.28%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 72 (10.16%) Kubernetes
2 23 (3.24%) Ansible
3 19 (2.68%) Puppet
4 18 (2.54%) Terraform
5 11 (1.55%) Marathon
6 4 (0.56%) Opscode Chef
7 2 (0.28%) Hadoop YARN
7 2 (0.28%) Packer
8 1 (0.14%) Oozie
8 1 (0.14%) Salt
Vendors
1 70 (9.87%) Microsoft
2 49 (6.91%) Google
3 28 (3.95%) IBM
4 19 (2.68%) Tableau
5 17 (2.40%) VMware
6 13 (1.83%) Cloudera
7 12 (1.69%) Adobe
7 12 (1.69%) Twitter
8 7 (0.99%) Oracle
9 6 (0.85%) Apple
10 5 (0.71%) Adthena
10 5 (0.71%) Dell
11 3 (0.42%) Capita
11 3 (0.42%) Hortonworks
12 2 (0.28%) Alteryx
12 2 (0.28%) MapR
12 2 (0.28%) SAP
12 2 (0.28%) Talend
13 1 (0.14%) Red Hat
13 1 (0.14%) Teradata