Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK > England
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 543 635 798
Rank change year-on-year +92 +163 +193
Permanent jobs citing Natural Language Processing 738 620 413
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.50% 0.37% 0.24%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.25% 0.92% 0.60%
Number of salaries quoted 611 525 359
England median annual salary £70,000 £62,500 £58,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +12.00% +7.76% -7.20%
10th Percentile £47,500 £40,000 £36,250
90th Percentile £132,500 £96,250 £106,000
UK median annual salary £70,000 £62,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year +12.00% +8.70% -6.12%

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 58,990 67,291 68,452
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.63% 40.25% 39.22%
Number of salaries quoted 48,925 56,497 59,698
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,500 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £78,750 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing in England.

Salary trend for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing in England over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Natural Language Processing in England

Natural Language Processing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the England region over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +84 517 £80,000 +23.08% 49
South East +54 101 £55,000 -21.43% 10
East of England +56 65 £57,500 +15.00% 12
Midlands +39 20 £52,500 +101.92% 1
North of England +22 20 £50,000 +11.11% 5
West Midlands +41 15 £52,500 -2.78% 1
North West +19 15 £50,000 +17.65% 2
South West 0 10 £35,000 -31.71% 2
Yorkshire +32 5 £47,500 -5.00%
East Midlands +7 5 £35,000 +55.56%
Natural Language Processing
UK

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 621 (84.15%) Machine Learning
2 607 (82.25%) Python
3 436 (59.08%) Artificial Intelligence
4 380 (51.49%) Deep Learning
5 312 (42.28%) Data Science
6 298 (40.38%) PhD
7 265 (35.91%) Algorithms
8 260 (35.23%) TensorFlow
9 247 (33.47%) Java
10 214 (29.00%) Software Engineering
11 212 (28.73%) C++
12 204 (27.64%) Bayesian Methods
13 200 (27.10%) Analytics
14 198 (26.83%) Computer Science
15 194 (26.29%) Reinforcement Learning
16 192 (26.02%) Neural Network
17 186 (25.20%) Probabilistic Modelling
18 180 (24.39%) Mathematics
19 176 (23.85%) R
20 174 (23.58%) Statistics
21 167 (22.63%) Finance
22 149 (20.19%) Big Data
23 143 (19.38%) Apache Spark
24 137 (18.56%) C
25 134 (18.16%) Hadoop
26 130 (17.62%) C#
27 129 (17.48%) Degree
28 128 (17.34%) SQL
28 128 (17.34%) Visualisation
29 120 (16.26%) Multithreading

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 143 (19.38%) Apache Spark
2 36 (4.88%) Elasticsearch
3 33 (4.47%) Apache
4 26 (3.52%) SAS
5 19 (2.57%) Jupyter
6 14 (1.90%) OpenStack
7 8 (1.08%) Apache Pig
8 7 (0.95%) Tomcat
9 6 (0.81%) DNN
10 4 (0.54%) CMS
11 3 (0.41%) Apache Solr
12 2 (0.27%) Apache Airflow
12 2 (0.27%) Appian
12 2 (0.27%) Tornado
13 1 (0.14%) ArcGIS
13 1 (0.14%) Confluence
13 1 (0.14%) Mule
13 1 (0.14%) nginx
Applications
1 41 (5.56%) Chatbot
2 8 (1.08%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.95%) SPSS
4 5 (0.68%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.54%) GNU Octave
6 3 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.14%) Weka
Business Applications
1 3 (0.41%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 92 (12.47%) Amazon AWS
2 65 (8.81%) Microsoft Azure
3 58 (7.86%) Google Cloud Platform
4 18 (2.44%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
5 16 (2.17%) Amazon SageMaker
5 16 (2.17%) Siri
6 12 (1.63%) Amazon Alexa
7 10 (1.36%) Dialogflow
7 10 (1.36%) GitHub
8 7 (0.95%) SaaS
9 6 (0.81%) Cloud Computing
10 5 (0.68%) Serverless
11 4 (0.54%) Azure Machine Learning
11 4 (0.54%) npm
11 4 (0.54%) Wit.ai
12 3 (0.41%) Amazon S3
12 3 (0.41%) AWS Lambda
12 3 (0.41%) IaaS
13 2 (0.27%) Amazon EC2
13 2 (0.27%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 10 (1.36%) Bluetooth
1 10 (1.36%) NFC
2 5 (0.68%) DAB
3 1 (0.14%) Firewall
3 1 (0.14%) HTTP
3 1 (0.14%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 149 (20.19%) Big Data
2 134 (18.16%) Hadoop
3 59 (7.99%) NoSQL
4 48 (6.50%) Apache Hive
5 45 (6.10%) Data Mining
6 43 (5.83%) Text Mining
7 32 (4.34%) HBase
8 31 (4.20%) MongoDB
9 30 (4.07%) QlikView
10 29 (3.93%) Neo4j
11 21 (2.85%) PostgreSQL
12 18 (2.44%) MySQL
12 18 (2.44%) Power BI
13 16 (2.17%) Apache Cassandra
14 15 (2.03%) Impala
15 14 (1.90%) Blockchain
16 13 (1.76%) Relational Database
17 9 (1.22%) BigQuery
18 8 (1.08%) Data Warehouse
19 7 (0.95%) Oracle BI EE
Development Applications
1 41 (5.56%) Git (software)
2 17 (2.30%) Jenkins
3 15 (2.03%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 15 (2.03%) Vagrant
4 6 (0.81%) GitLab
4 6 (0.81%) Maven
4 6 (0.81%) TeamCity
5 5 (0.68%) Gradle
5 5 (0.68%) JUnit
5 5 (0.68%) Octopus Deploy
5 5 (0.68%) Subversion
6 4 (0.54%) NUnit
7 3 (0.41%) JIRA
7 3 (0.41%) Mercurial
8 1 (0.14%) ERwin
8 1 (0.14%) JMeter
8 1 (0.14%) Mockito
8 1 (0.14%) Spock
8 1 (0.14%) Visual Studio
8 1 (0.14%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 167 (22.63%) Finance
2 69 (9.35%) Publishing
3 54 (7.32%) Games
4 31 (4.20%) Retail
5 28 (3.79%) Banking
5 28 (3.79%) Law
6 25 (3.39%) Marketing
7 19 (2.57%) Manufacturing
8 13 (1.76%) Investment Banking
9 11 (1.49%) Telecoms
10 9 (1.22%) Electronics
10 9 (1.22%) Pharmaceutical
11 8 (1.08%) Legal
12 6 (0.81%) Automotive
13 5 (0.68%) Advertising
14 4 (0.54%) Retail Banking
15 3 (0.41%) Aerospace
15 3 (0.41%) Military
16 2 (0.27%) Front Office
17 1 (0.14%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 198 (26.83%) Data Scientist
2 149 (20.19%) Developer
3 98 (13.28%) Software Engineer
4 96 (13.01%) Machine Learning Researcher
5 94 (12.74%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 75 (10.16%) Senior Data Scientist
7 72 (9.76%) Python Engineer
8 58 (7.86%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 58 (7.86%) Software Developer
9 48 (6.50%) Architect
10 45 (6.10%) Machine Learning Scientist
11 42 (5.69%) Data Engineer
12 38 (5.15%) Python Developer
13 28 (3.79%) AWS Architect
13 28 (3.79%) Azure Architect
13 28 (3.79%) Cloud Architect
14 25 (3.39%) Python Software Engineer
14 25 (3.39%) Research Scientist
15 23 (3.12%) C++ Developer
15 23 (3.12%) C++ Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 260 (35.23%) TensorFlow
2 90 (12.20%) scikit-learn
3 68 (9.21%) Pandas
4 64 (8.67%) NumPy
5 57 (7.72%) SciPy
6 54 (7.32%) Web Services
7 44 (5.96%) React
8 32 (4.34%) HTML
9 31 (4.20%) Django
9 31 (4.20%) RESTful
10 29 (3.93%) AngularJS
10 29 (3.93%) Kafka
11 27 (3.66%) REST
12 25 (3.39%) Node.js
13 24 (3.25%) Theano
14 23 (3.12%) Keras
15 22 (2.98%) MLlib
15 22 (2.98%) PySpark
15 22 (2.98%) SpaCy
16 21 (2.85%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 265 (35.91%) Algorithms
2 77 (10.43%) Analytical Skills
3 39 (5.28%) Fintech
4 31 (4.20%) Hedge funds
4 31 (4.20%) Social Media
5 29 (3.93%) Public Cloud
6 28 (3.79%) Enterprise Cloud
7 27 (3.66%) Greenfield Project
8 26 (3.52%) Robotics
9 19 (2.57%) User Experience
10 18 (2.44%) Data Structures
10 18 (2.44%) Smart City
11 15 (2.03%) Private Cloud
12 14 (1.90%) Hybrid Cloud
13 13 (1.76%) Data Protection Act
14 11 (1.49%) Blog
14 11 (1.49%) Grid Computing
15 10 (1.36%) Enterprise Software
15 10 (1.36%) Management Information System
15 10 (1.36%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 52 (7.05%) Linux
2 16 (2.17%) Unix
3 9 (1.22%) Android
4 2 (0.27%) Apple iOS
4 2 (0.27%) CoreOS
4 2 (0.27%) Robot Operating System
4 2 (0.27%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 621 (84.15%) Machine Learning
2 436 (59.08%) Artificial Intelligence
3 380 (51.49%) Deep Learning
4 312 (42.28%) Data Science
5 214 (29.00%) Software Engineering
6 204 (27.64%) Bayesian Methods
7 200 (27.10%) Analytics
8 198 (26.83%) Computer Science
9 194 (26.29%) Reinforcement Learning
10 192 (26.02%) Neural Network
11 186 (25.20%) Probabilistic Modelling
12 180 (24.39%) Mathematics
13 174 (23.58%) Statistics
14 128 (17.34%) Visualisation
15 120 (16.26%) Multithreading
16 111 (15.04%) Distributed Algorithms
17 107 (14.50%) Computational Linguistics
18 103 (13.96%) Agile Software Development
19 98 (13.28%) Biology
19 98 (13.28%) Computational Biology
Programming Languages
1 607 (82.25%) Python
2 247 (33.47%) Java
3 212 (28.73%) C++
4 176 (23.85%) R
5 137 (18.56%) C
6 130 (17.62%) C#
7 128 (17.34%) SQL
8 79 (10.70%) JavaScript
9 62 (8.40%) Scala
10 41 (5.56%) MATLAB
11 16 (2.17%) Cython
12 14 (1.90%) Java 8
13 11 (1.49%) Julia
14 10 (1.36%) AspectJ
15 8 (1.08%) Clojure
16 7 (0.95%) Ruby
17 5 (0.68%) Bash Shell
17 5 (0.68%) PHP
17 5 (0.68%) Shell Script
17 5 (0.68%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 298 (40.38%) PhD
2 129 (17.48%) Degree
3 120 (16.26%) MPhil
4 37 (5.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 31 (4.20%) MBA
6 25 (3.39%) Master's Degree
7 10 (1.36%) Numerate Degree
8 9 (1.22%) Security Cleared
9 2 (0.27%) Postgraduate
9 2 (0.27%) SC Cleared
10 1 (0.14%) CEH
10 1 (0.14%) CFA
10 1 (0.14%) DV Cleared
10 1 (0.14%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.14%) Sun Certification
10 1 (0.14%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (1.90%) Data Quality
1 14 (1.90%) QA
2 3 (0.41%) GDPR
2 3 (0.41%) Solvency II
System Software
1 31 (4.20%) Docker
2 22 (2.98%) HDFS
3 16 (2.17%) VirtualBox
4 14 (1.90%) VMware Infrastructure
5 7 (0.95%) Oracle RAC
6 4 (0.54%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.14%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 27 (3.66%) Kubernetes
2 20 (2.71%) Ansible
3 18 (2.44%) Terraform
4 15 (2.03%) Docker Swarm
5 12 (1.63%) logstash
6 11 (1.49%) Kibana
7 2 (0.27%) Mesos
7 2 (0.27%) Oozie
7 2 (0.27%) Puppet
7 2 (0.27%) Salt
8 1 (0.14%) Ambari
8 1 (0.14%) Hadoop YARN
8 1 (0.14%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 90 (12.20%) Google
2 80 (10.84%) Tableau
3 30 (4.07%) IBM
4 28 (3.79%) Salesforce.com
5 18 (2.44%) Microsoft
6 16 (2.17%) Databricks
6 16 (2.17%) Hortonworks
7 15 (2.03%) Cloudera
7 15 (2.03%) Dataiku
8 14 (1.90%) VMware
9 13 (1.76%) Apple
10 10 (1.36%) Oracle
11 9 (1.22%) SAP
12 7 (0.95%) Twitter
13 6 (0.81%) Xceptor
14 3 (0.41%) RapidMiner
15 2 (0.27%) Alteryx
15 2 (0.27%) Facebook
15 2 (0.27%) Pega
15 2 (0.27%) Splunk