Period
to 20 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 20 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK
6 months to
20 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 735 781 882
Rank change year-on-year +46 +101 0
Contract jobs citing Natural Language Processing 166 70 33
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.16% 0.073% 0.030%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.47% 0.23% 0.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 100 47 21
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £363 £327 £413
90th Percentile £690 £713 £875
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £500 £700
% change year-on-year +10.00% -28.57% +37.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 1
UK median hourly rate £37.50 - £16.52
10th Percentile £32.75 - £15.16
90th Percentile £46.25 - £17.87
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 - -

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,320 30,723 31,618
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.90% 32.25% 28.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,869 21,233 22,104
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £318 £306 £289
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +2.04%
Number of hourly rates quoted 372 381 401
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.26 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.84% +7.36% +2.74%
10th Percentile £15.02 £15.00 £13.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £51.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £41.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year -3.03% +10.00% +1.35%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 20 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Top 12 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the UK over the 6 months to 20 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +67 157 £550 - 86
London +25 127 £550 -0.90% 48
UK excluding London -6 39 £550 +10.00% 48
South East -10 13 £525 - 15
Midlands -7 9 £675 +35.00% 3
East Midlands - 9 £675 - 2
Scotland - 8 £525 - 10
North of England - 7 £475 - 3
North West - 5 £405 - 2
Yorkshire - 2 £525 -
East of England +2 1 - - 9
Wales -10 1 - -

For the 6 months to 20 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 132 (79.52%) Machine Learning
2 105 (63.25%) Python
3 99 (59.64%) Data Science
4 70 (42.17%) R
5 67 (40.36%) Artificial Intelligence
6 66 (39.76%) Analytics
7 63 (37.95%) Algorithms
8 57 (34.34%) Mathematics
9 56 (33.73%) Finance
10 54 (32.53%) Big Data
11 53 (31.93%) Hadoop
12 51 (30.72%) Apache Spark
13 50 (30.12%) SQL
14 48 (28.92%) Java
15 46 (27.71%) Visualisation
16 39 (23.49%) Analytical Skills
17 37 (22.29%) Statistics
18 36 (21.69%) Deep Learning
19 35 (21.08%) Scala
20 34 (20.48%) MongoDB
21 33 (19.88%) NoSQL
22 32 (19.28%) Apache Cassandra
23 31 (18.67%) PhD
24 27 (16.27%) Kafka
24 27 (16.27%) Computer Science
25 26 (15.66%) Chatbot
26 25 (15.06%) Support Vector Machines
26 25 (15.06%) JavaScript
26 25 (15.06%) Neural Network
27 24 (14.46%) Degree

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 51 (30.72%) Apache Spark
2 18 (10.84%) Elasticsearch
3 14 (8.43%) Apache Solr
4 12 (7.23%) Apache
4 12 (7.23%) SAS
5 9 (5.42%) Apache Pig
6 6 (3.61%) Confluence
6 6 (3.61%) SharePoint
7 2 (1.20%) Jupyter
8 1 (0.60%) Amazon Alexa
8 1 (0.60%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 26 (15.66%) Chatbot
2 2 (1.20%) SPSS
3 1 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 4 (2.41%) Summit
2 1 (0.60%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 24 (14.46%) Amazon AWS
2 11 (6.63%) Amazon S3
3 7 (4.22%) Cloud Computing
3 7 (4.22%) Microsoft Azure
4 6 (3.61%) Dialogflow
5 4 (2.41%) Amazon EC2
5 4 (2.41%) Google Cloud Platform
6 3 (1.81%) Amazon EMR
7 2 (1.20%) Azure Data Factory
7 2 (1.20%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
8 1 (0.60%) Amazon Kinesis
8 1 (0.60%) Amazon SageMaker
8 1 (0.60%) Amazon SQS
8 1 (0.60%) Azure Machine Learning
8 1 (0.60%) Data Lake Analytics
8 1 (0.60%) Google Analytics
8 1 (0.60%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 6 (3.61%) Kerberos
1 6 (3.61%) SSL
1 6 (3.61%) VPN
2 3 (1.81%) HTTP
2 3 (1.81%) SMS
3 1 (0.60%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (32.53%) Big Data
2 53 (31.93%) Hadoop
3 34 (20.48%) MongoDB
4 33 (19.88%) NoSQL
5 32 (19.28%) Apache Cassandra
6 22 (13.25%) Data Mining
7 19 (11.45%) HBase
8 18 (10.84%) Apache Hive
9 16 (9.64%) Neo4j
10 13 (7.83%) Relational Database
11 11 (6.63%) Data Warehouse
11 11 (6.63%) Sqoop
12 10 (6.02%) Amazon Redshift
12 10 (6.02%) Data Lake
13 8 (4.82%) Power BI
13 8 (4.82%) Text Mining
14 6 (3.61%) Parquet
15 5 (3.01%) BigQuery
15 5 (3.01%) Spotfire
16 4 (2.41%) Impala
Development Applications
1 18 (10.84%) Git (software)
2 12 (7.23%) JIRA
3 6 (3.61%) FishEye
4 1 (0.60%) Appium
4 1 (0.60%) Cucumber
4 1 (0.60%) Jasmine
4 1 (0.60%) Karma Test Runner
4 1 (0.60%) Mocha
4 1 (0.60%) RStudio
4 1 (0.60%) Selenium
4 1 (0.60%) Visual Studio
4 1 (0.60%) YouTrack
General
1 56 (33.73%) Finance
2 13 (7.83%) Marketing
3 11 (6.63%) Retail
4 8 (4.82%) Games
5 6 (3.61%) Banking
6 4 (2.41%) Legal
7 2 (1.20%) French Language
7 2 (1.20%) German Language
7 2 (1.20%) Law
7 2 (1.20%) Retail Banking
8 1 (0.60%) Aerospace
8 1 (0.60%) Back Office
8 1 (0.60%) Billing
8 1 (0.60%) Italian Language
8 1 (0.60%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.60%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 64 (38.55%) Data Scientist
2 36 (21.69%) Developer
3 16 (9.64%) Machine Learning Developer
4 15 (9.04%) Java Developer
5 10 (6.02%) Architect
6 8 (4.82%) Big Data Developer
7 7 (4.22%) Analyst
7 7 (4.22%) Data Engineer
7 7 (4.22%) Python Engineer
7 7 (4.22%) Senior Data Scientist
8 6 (3.61%) Hadoop Developer
8 6 (3.61%) Machine Learning Engineer
8 6 (3.61%) Product Manager
9 5 (3.01%) Lead Developer
9 5 (3.01%) Scrum Master
10 4 (2.41%) Analytics Manager
10 4 (2.41%) Business Analyst
10 4 (2.41%) Machine Learning Scientist
11 3 (1.81%) Software Engineer
11 3 (1.81%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 27 (16.27%) Kafka
2 24 (14.46%) React
3 21 (12.65%) TensorFlow
4 19 (11.45%) Spring
5 16 (9.64%) Hibernate
6 14 (8.43%) Redux
7 10 (6.02%) XML
8 9 (5.42%) HTML
9 8 (4.82%) Deeplearning4j
9 8 (4.82%) scikit-learn
9 8 (4.82%) Theano
10 7 (4.22%) AngularJS
10 7 (4.22%) MXNet
10 7 (4.22%) Node.js
10 7 (4.22%) Play Framework
10 7 (4.22%) SpaCy
11 6 (3.61%) GraphX
11 6 (3.61%) HTML5
11 6 (3.61%) JSON
11 6 (3.61%) Lucene
Miscellaneous
1 63 (37.95%) Algorithms
2 39 (23.49%) Analytical Skills
3 27 (16.27%) Computer Science
4 16 (9.64%) Greenfield Project
5 8 (4.82%) Fintech
6 5 (3.01%) Management Information System
6 5 (3.01%) PMI
7 4 (2.41%) Robotics
8 3 (1.81%) Self-Motivation
9 2 (1.20%) Clustering
9 2 (1.20%) Data Structures
9 2 (1.20%) Social Media
9 2 (1.20%) Taxonomies
9 2 (1.20%) User Experience
9 2 (1.20%) Virtual Team
10 1 (0.60%) Cloud Native
10 1 (0.60%) Derivative
10 1 (0.60%) iPhone
10 1 (0.60%) Mobile App
10 1 (0.60%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 11 (6.63%) Unix
2 7 (4.22%) Linux
3 3 (1.81%) Ubuntu
4 1 (0.60%) CentOS
4 1 (0.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 132 (79.52%) Machine Learning
2 99 (59.64%) Data Science
3 67 (40.36%) Artificial Intelligence
4 66 (39.76%) Analytics
5 57 (34.34%) Mathematics
6 46 (27.71%) Visualisation
7 37 (22.29%) Statistics
8 36 (21.69%) Deep Learning
9 25 (15.06%) Neural Network
9 25 (15.06%) Support Vector Machines
10 23 (13.86%) Random Forest
11 22 (13.25%) Agile Software Development
11 22 (13.25%) ETL
12 21 (12.65%) Applied Mathematics
12 21 (12.65%) Data Visualisation
12 21 (12.65%) Predictive Modelling
12 21 (12.65%) Problem-Solving
13 19 (11.45%) Linear Regression
13 19 (11.45%) Software Engineering
14 18 (10.84%) Prototyping
Programming Languages
1 105 (63.25%) Python
2 70 (42.17%) R
3 50 (30.12%) SQL
4 48 (28.92%) Java
5 35 (21.08%) Scala
6 25 (15.06%) JavaScript
7 21 (12.65%) MATLAB
8 14 (8.43%) Java 8
9 9 (5.42%) Bash Shell
9 9 (5.42%) Perl
10 8 (4.82%) C#
11 5 (3.01%) C++
11 5 (3.01%) TypeScript
12 3 (1.81%) C
13 2 (1.20%) VBA
14 1 (0.60%) PHP
14 1 (0.60%) Ruby
14 1 (0.60%) XPath
Qualifications
1 31 (18.67%) PhD
2 24 (14.46%) Degree
3 9 (5.42%) Computer Science Degree
4 6 (3.61%) Security Cleared
5 5 (3.01%) PMI Certification
5 5 (3.01%) SC Cleared
6 2 (1.20%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.60%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.60%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.60%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (13.86%) Data Quality
2 13 (7.83%) QA
3 2 (1.20%) ISO 20022
3 2 (1.20%) PSD2
4 1 (0.60%) GDPR
System Software
1 12 (7.23%) Apache Flume
2 8 (4.82%) Docker
3 7 (4.22%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 7 (4.22%) Hadoop YARN
1 7 (4.22%) Kubernetes
2 6 (3.61%) Ansible
3 2 (1.20%) Kibana
3 2 (1.20%) Terraform
4 1 (0.60%) logstash
4 1 (0.60%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.60%) Puppet
4 1 (0.60%) SCCM
4 1 (0.60%) SCOM
4 1 (0.60%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 18 (10.84%) Hortonworks
2 16 (9.64%) Tableau
3 8 (4.82%) Alteryx
4 7 (4.22%) Microsoft
5 6 (3.61%) Atlassian
5 6 (3.61%) Google
5 6 (3.61%) Oracle
6 5 (3.01%) Rackspace
6 5 (3.01%) RapidMiner
7 3 (1.81%) Automation Anywhere
7 3 (1.81%) Blue Prism
8 2 (1.20%) CA
8 2 (1.20%) Cloudera
8 2 (1.20%) Databricks
8 2 (1.20%) UiPath
9 1 (0.60%) Remedy
9 1 (0.60%) SAP
9 1 (0.60%) Splunk
9 1 (0.60%) TIBCO
9 1 (0.60%) Twitter