Period
to 15 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 15 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK
6 months to
15 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 612 734 805
Rank change year-on-year +122 +71 +84
Contract jobs citing Natural Language Processing 252 157 68
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.27% 0.15% 0.071%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.84% 0.45% 0.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 188 97 45
UK median daily rate £575 £550 £575
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% -4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £413 £363 £326
90th Percentile £750 £698 £713
UK excluding London median daily rate £325 £550 £500
% change year-on-year -40.91% +10.00% -28.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 0
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £31.50 £45.00 -
% change year-on-year -30.00% - -

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29,880 35,105 30,775
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.12% 33.84% 32.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,914 24,669 21,240
UK median daily rate £490 £473 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.70% +5.00% +5.88%
10th Percentile £331 £315 £305
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 329 375 390
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.17% +7.01%
10th Percentile £18.50 £15.00 £15.08
90th Percentile £60.00 £58.25 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% -2.44% +9.33%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 15 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 15 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Top 11 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the UK over the 6 months to 15 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +100 230 £575 +4.55% 69
London +136 213 £600 +9.09% 51
UK excluding London +33 29 £325 -40.91% 19
Scotland +28 11 £325 -38.10% 1
North of England +25 6 £400 -15.79% 6
North West +20 6 £400 -1.23% 6
South West - 5 £300 - 2
South East +30 4 £700 +33.33% 3
Northern Ireland - 2 £328 -
Midlands +9 1 £475 -29.63%
West Midlands - 1 £475 -

For the 6 months to 15 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 189 (75.00%) Machine Learning
2 181 (71.83%) Data Science
3 170 (67.46%) Python
4 121 (48.02%) Artificial Intelligence
5 94 (37.30%) Analytics
6 81 (32.14%) R
7 80 (31.75%) SQL
8 75 (29.76%) Apache Spark
9 70 (27.78%) PhD
10 69 (27.38%) Big Data
11 68 (26.98%) Java
12 64 (25.40%) Finance
13 63 (25.00%) Amazon AWS
14 59 (23.41%) Degree
15 57 (22.62%) Algorithms
15 57 (22.62%) Google Cloud Platform
16 56 (22.22%) Deep Learning
17 53 (21.03%) Google
17 53 (21.03%) Agile Software Development
18 52 (20.63%) Microsoft Azure
18 52 (20.63%) Hadoop
19 48 (19.05%) Problem-Solving
20 45 (17.86%) Banking
21 44 (17.46%) Software Engineering
22 43 (17.06%) Statistics
22 43 (17.06%) Visualisation
23 42 (16.67%) Computer Science
24 41 (16.27%) NoSQL
25 39 (15.48%) C++
26 38 (15.08%) Analytical Skills

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (29.76%) Apache Spark
2 17 (6.75%) Apache
3 15 (5.95%) Elasticsearch
4 13 (5.16%) SAS
5 9 (3.57%) Apache Airflow
6 5 (1.98%) Confluence
7 4 (1.59%) Apache Solr
7 4 (1.59%) nginx
8 3 (1.19%) Jupyter
9 2 (0.79%) Apache Pig
10 1 (0.40%) ArcGIS
10 1 (0.40%) Luigi
10 1 (0.40%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 17 (6.75%) Chatbot
2 3 (1.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.19%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (1.98%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 63 (25.00%) Amazon AWS
2 57 (22.62%) Google Cloud Platform
3 52 (20.63%) Microsoft Azure
4 19 (7.54%) Cloud Computing
5 8 (3.17%) GitHub
6 7 (2.78%) Serverless
7 5 (1.98%) Dialogflow
8 4 (1.59%) Amazon S3
8 4 (1.59%) AWS Lambda
8 4 (1.59%) Power Platform
8 4 (1.59%) Wit.ai
9 3 (1.19%) Amazon Kinesis
9 3 (1.19%) Amazon Neptune
9 3 (1.19%) Azure Data Factory
9 3 (1.19%) Azure Stack
10 2 (0.79%) Amazon EMR
10 2 (0.79%) G Suite
10 2 (0.79%) IBM Cloud
10 2 (0.79%) npm
10 2 (0.79%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 5 (1.98%) Internet
2 1 (0.40%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 69 (27.38%) Big Data
2 52 (20.63%) Hadoop
3 41 (16.27%) NoSQL
4 36 (14.29%) MongoDB
5 31 (12.30%) Apache Cassandra
6 28 (11.11%) Text Mining
7 25 (9.92%) BigQuery
7 25 (9.92%) PostgreSQL
8 23 (9.13%) Apache Hive
9 19 (7.54%) CouchDB
10 17 (6.75%) Data Mining
11 14 (5.56%) MySQL
12 13 (5.16%) SQL Server
13 12 (4.76%) RDBMS
13 12 (4.76%) Relational Database
14 11 (4.37%) Data Warehouse
15 10 (3.97%) Impala
15 10 (3.97%) Neo4j
16 9 (3.57%) Parquet
17 7 (2.78%) HBase
Development Applications
1 10 (3.97%) JIRA
2 6 (2.38%) Git (software)
3 4 (1.59%) Selenium
4 2 (0.79%) ERwin
4 2 (0.79%) Jenkins
4 2 (0.79%) Mocha
4 2 (0.79%) SpecFlow
4 2 (0.79%) WebDriver
5 1 (0.40%) Cucumber
5 1 (0.40%) Gradle
5 1 (0.40%) Jasmine
5 1 (0.40%) MSTest
5 1 (0.40%) PhantomJS
5 1 (0.40%) Subversion
5 1 (0.40%) Visual Studio
5 1 (0.40%) Visual Studio Team System
5 1 (0.40%) VSS/SourceSafe
5 1 (0.40%) YouTrack
General
1 64 (25.40%) Finance
2 45 (17.86%) Banking
3 17 (6.75%) Investment Banking
4 13 (5.16%) Marketing
4 13 (5.16%) Retail Banking
5 12 (4.76%) Legal
6 11 (4.37%) Retail
7 10 (3.97%) Front Office
8 9 (3.57%) Advertising
9 7 (2.78%) Telecoms
10 6 (2.38%) Multimedia
11 5 (1.98%) Financial Institution
11 5 (1.98%) Games
12 3 (1.19%) Publishing
13 2 (0.79%) Automotive
13 2 (0.79%) Social Science
14 1 (0.40%) Aerospace
14 1 (0.40%) Billing
14 1 (0.40%) Electronics
14 1 (0.40%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 128 (50.79%) Data Scientist
2 35 (13.89%) Developer
3 30 (11.90%) Senior Data Scientist
4 25 (9.92%) Python Engineer
5 23 (9.13%) Data Engineer
6 15 (5.95%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 15 (5.95%) Python Developer
7 11 (4.37%) Consultant
8 10 (3.97%) Architect
9 9 (3.57%) Hadoop Developer
9 9 (3.57%) Kubernetes Engineer
10 6 (2.38%) Analyst
10 6 (2.38%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 6 (2.38%) Scala Developer
11 5 (1.98%) Data Modeller
11 5 (1.98%) Java Developer
11 5 (1.98%) Solutions Architect
12 4 (1.59%) Data Consultant
12 4 (1.59%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 4 (1.59%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 28 (11.11%) TensorFlow
2 27 (10.71%) scikit-learn
3 20 (7.94%) JSON
3 20 (7.94%) Kafka
4 18 (7.14%) AngularJS
5 15 (5.95%) NumPy
6 13 (5.16%) Pandas
7 12 (4.76%) Flask
7 12 (4.76%) Keras
7 12 (4.76%) React
7 12 (4.76%) Web Services
8 11 (4.37%) Django
8 11 (4.37%) SpaCy
9 10 (3.97%) .NET
9 10 (3.97%) MLlib
9 10 (3.97%) Node.js
10 9 (3.57%) J2EE
10 9 (3.57%) Jest
10 9 (3.57%) Pyramid
10 9 (3.57%) TinkerPop
Miscellaneous
1 57 (22.62%) Algorithms
2 38 (15.08%) Analytical Skills
3 12 (4.76%) Robotics
3 12 (4.76%) User Experience
4 11 (4.37%) Self-Motivation
5 9 (3.57%) Greenfield Project
6 6 (2.38%) FMCG
6 6 (2.38%) Industry 4.0
6 6 (2.38%) Public Cloud
7 5 (1.98%) Data Structures
8 3 (1.19%) Data Centre
8 3 (1.19%) Mobile App
8 3 (1.19%) NHS
8 3 (1.19%) Online Games
9 2 (0.79%) Cloud Native
10 1 (0.40%) Acoustics
10 1 (0.40%) Clustering
10 1 (0.40%) Enterprise Software
10 1 (0.40%) Linked Data
10 1 (0.40%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 11 (4.37%) Unix
2 5 (1.98%) Android
2 5 (1.98%) Linux
3 3 (1.19%) Apple iOS
4 2 (0.79%) Solaris
4 2 (0.79%) Windows
5 1 (0.40%) CentOS
5 1 (0.40%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 189 (75.00%) Machine Learning
2 181 (71.83%) Data Science
3 121 (48.02%) Artificial Intelligence
4 94 (37.30%) Analytics
5 56 (22.22%) Deep Learning
6 53 (21.03%) Agile Software Development
7 48 (19.05%) Problem-Solving
8 44 (17.46%) Software Engineering
9 43 (17.06%) Statistics
9 43 (17.06%) Visualisation
10 42 (16.67%) Computer Science
11 32 (12.70%) Computer Vision
11 32 (12.70%) Data Analytics
12 31 (12.30%) Data Visualisation
13 30 (11.90%) Mathematics
14 27 (10.71%) Neural Network
15 22 (8.73%) ETL
16 20 (7.94%) Data Modelling
16 20 (7.94%) Physics
16 20 (7.94%) Predictive Analytics
Programming Languages
1 170 (67.46%) Python
2 81 (32.14%) R
3 80 (31.75%) SQL
4 68 (26.98%) Java
5 39 (15.48%) C++
6 32 (12.70%) JavaScript
6 32 (12.70%) Scala
7 16 (6.35%) MATLAB
8 14 (5.56%) C
8 14 (5.56%) C#
9 12 (4.76%) PL/SQL
10 11 (4.37%) Perl
11 7 (2.78%) Lua
12 6 (2.38%) SHACL
12 6 (2.38%) SPARQL
12 6 (2.38%) TypeScript
13 5 (1.98%) Clojure
14 3 (1.19%) Go
14 3 (1.19%) Gremlin
15 2 (0.79%) ClojureScript
Qualifications
1 70 (27.78%) PhD
2 59 (23.41%) Degree
3 16 (6.35%) Master's Degree
4 9 (3.57%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (2.38%) Security Cleared
6 3 (1.19%) DV Cleared
6 3 (1.19%) Postgraduate
6 3 (1.19%) SC Cleared
7 1 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.40%) PMI Certification
7 1 (0.40%) PMP
7 1 (0.40%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (1.59%) QA
2 2 (0.79%) Data Quality
2 2 (0.79%) GxP
3 1 (0.40%) PMO
3 1 (0.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 24 (9.52%) Docker
2 15 (5.95%) HDFS
3 5 (1.98%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.40%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 21 (8.33%) Kubernetes
2 7 (2.78%) Kibana
3 2 (0.79%) Istio
3 2 (0.79%) Kubeflow
3 2 (0.79%) Terraform
4 1 (0.40%) Ansible
4 1 (0.40%) EMC NetWorker
Vendors
1 53 (21.03%) Google
2 26 (10.32%) Microsoft
3 11 (4.37%) Tableau
4 9 (3.57%) Oracle
5 7 (2.78%) MapR
6 5 (1.98%) IBM
7 3 (1.19%) Apple
7 3 (1.19%) Atlassian
7 3 (1.19%) Databricks
8 2 (0.79%) Facebook
8 2 (0.79%) Hortonworks
8 2 (0.79%) Xceptor
9 1 (0.40%) ESRI
9 1 (0.40%) EXASOL
9 1 (0.40%) Instagram
9 1 (0.40%) SAP
9 1 (0.40%) Teradata
9 1 (0.40%) Twitter
9 1 (0.40%) UiPath