Period
to 19 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 19 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 710 773 817
Rank change year-on-year +63 +44 +10
Contract jobs citing Natural Language Processing 187 122 66
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.18% 0.12% 0.064%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.51% 0.37% 0.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 101 84 43
UK median daily rate £565 £553 £505
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.26% +9.41% -2.88%
10th Percentile £425 £308 £401
90th Percentile £688 £713 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £413 £456
% change year-on-year +33.33% -9.59% -12.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
UK median hourly rate £36.25 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 36,330 33,162 31,821
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.70% 32.13% 31.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,704 23,452 21,961
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 316 365 360
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.83% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.00 £17.85 £14.56
90th Percentile £60.00 £52.50 £52.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.53 £40.15 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.43% +0.38% +6.67%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Top 12 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the UK over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +56 177 £570 +3.17% 73
London +10 121 £565 -5.83% 49
UK excluding London +41 60 £550 +33.33% 25
South East +18 36 £630 +44.00% 11
Scotland - 9 £525 -
North of England - 8 £550 - 6
Yorkshire - 6 £538 -
Midlands -23 5 £575 +43.75% 1
West Midlands -11 3 £400 +60.00% 1
East Midlands +13 2 £700 +12.00%
North West - 2 £575 - 2
South West - 2 - - 3

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 157 (83.96%) Machine Learning
2 125 (66.84%) Python
3 117 (62.57%) Data Science
4 87 (46.52%) Artificial Intelligence
5 78 (41.71%) Analytics
6 59 (31.55%) R
7 57 (30.48%) Hadoop
7 57 (30.48%) Apache Spark
8 56 (29.95%) Big Data
9 54 (28.88%) Algorithms
9 54 (28.88%) Mathematics
9 54 (28.88%) Finance
10 53 (28.34%) SQL
11 52 (27.81%) Java
12 47 (25.13%) Visualisation
13 42 (22.46%) Amazon AWS
14 41 (21.93%) Statistics
15 38 (20.32%) Microsoft Azure
15 38 (20.32%) PhD
15 38 (20.32%) Conversational UI
15 38 (20.32%) Chatbot
16 37 (19.79%) Deep Learning
17 36 (19.25%) Agile Software Development
18 35 (18.72%) Elasticsearch
19 34 (18.18%) Analytical Skills
20 33 (17.65%) Scala
20 33 (17.65%) MongoDB
21 32 (17.11%) NoSQL
21 32 (17.11%) Open Source
21 32 (17.11%) JavaScript

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (30.48%) Apache Spark
2 35 (18.72%) Elasticsearch
3 16 (8.56%) Apache
4 14 (7.49%) Jupyter
5 13 (6.95%) Skype for Business
6 11 (5.88%) Apache Solr
7 4 (2.14%) OpenStack
8 3 (1.60%) Apache Pig
8 3 (1.60%) Confluence
8 3 (1.60%) SAS
9 1 (0.53%) Apache Airflow
9 1 (0.53%) BizTalk Server
9 1 (0.53%) Luigi
9 1 (0.53%) nginx
9 1 (0.53%) SharePoint
Applications
1 38 (20.32%) Chatbot
2 2 (1.07%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.53%) LaTeX
Cloud Services
1 42 (22.46%) Amazon AWS
2 38 (20.32%) Microsoft Azure
3 19 (10.16%) Google Cloud Platform
4 13 (6.95%) Apigee
4 13 (6.95%) IaaS
4 13 (6.95%) PaaS
5 6 (3.21%) Amazon S3
5 6 (3.21%) Cloud Computing
6 5 (2.67%) Amazon Alexa
6 5 (2.67%) Dialogflow
7 3 (1.60%) Amazon EC2
7 3 (1.60%) Amazon EMR
7 3 (1.60%) Amazon SageMaker
7 3 (1.60%) Google Analytics
8 2 (1.07%) Azure Data Factory
8 2 (1.07%) Wit.ai
9 1 (0.53%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
9 1 (0.53%) Data Lake Analytics
9 1 (0.53%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 15 (8.02%) SSL
2 13 (6.95%) Skype
3 11 (5.88%) DAB
4 6 (3.21%) HTTP
5 3 (1.60%) Firewall
5 3 (1.60%) Internet
5 3 (1.60%) LAN
6 2 (1.07%) Kerberos
6 2 (1.07%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 57 (30.48%) Hadoop
2 56 (29.95%) Big Data
3 33 (17.65%) MongoDB
4 32 (17.11%) NoSQL
5 27 (14.44%) Data Mining
6 20 (10.70%) Apache Cassandra
6 20 (10.70%) Neo4j
7 16 (8.56%) PostgreSQL
8 13 (6.95%) Spotfire
8 13 (6.95%) Text Mining
9 12 (6.42%) Apache Hive
9 12 (6.42%) HBase
10 11 (5.88%) Relational Database
11 10 (5.35%) Sqoop
12 9 (4.81%) Data Warehouse
13 7 (3.74%) Redis
14 6 (3.21%) Data Lake
14 6 (3.21%) MySQL
15 5 (2.67%) Power BI
15 5 (2.67%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 14 (7.49%) Git (software)
2 10 (5.35%) GitLab
2 10 (5.35%) JIRA
3 4 (2.14%) Jenkins
4 2 (1.07%) ERwin
4 2 (1.07%) FishEye
4 2 (1.07%) Selenium
5 1 (0.53%) Hudson
5 1 (0.53%) SpecFlow
5 1 (0.53%) WebDriver
General
1 54 (28.88%) Finance
2 14 (7.49%) Banking
3 12 (6.42%) Marketing
4 11 (5.88%) Retail
5 5 (2.67%) Advertising
5 5 (2.67%) Games
5 5 (2.67%) Telecoms
6 3 (1.60%) Arabic Language
6 3 (1.60%) Hindi Language
7 2 (1.07%) Front Office
7 2 (1.07%) Indonesian Language
7 2 (1.07%) Investment Banking
7 2 (1.07%) Legal
7 2 (1.07%) Malayalam Language
7 2 (1.07%) Tamil Language
8 1 (0.53%) Electronics
8 1 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 89 (47.59%) Data Scientist
2 42 (22.46%) Developer
3 29 (15.51%) Architect
4 19 (10.16%) Java Developer
5 18 (9.63%) Senior Data Scientist
6 14 (7.49%) Software Developer
7 11 (5.88%) Machine Learning Developer
8 10 (5.35%) Machine Learning Scientist
9 8 (4.28%) HTML Developer
9 8 (4.28%) SQL Developer
10 7 (3.74%) Azure Developer
10 7 (3.74%) Full Stack Developer
10 7 (3.74%) Solutions Architect
11 6 (3.21%) Data Architect
11 6 (3.21%) Scrum Master
12 5 (2.67%) Lead Developer
12 5 (2.67%) Lead Java Developer
12 5 (2.67%) Senior Architect
12 5 (2.67%) Software Engineer
13 4 (2.14%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 32 (17.11%) React
2 28 (14.97%) TensorFlow
3 24 (12.83%) Kafka
4 22 (11.76%) scikit-learn
5 21 (11.23%) HTML
6 20 (10.70%) JSON
6 20 (10.70%) Pandas
7 19 (10.16%) Node.js
8 16 (8.56%) SignalR
8 16 (8.56%) XML
9 15 (8.02%) AngularJS
9 15 (8.02%) jQuery
10 13 (6.95%) HTML5
10 13 (6.95%) RESTful
10 13 (6.95%) SOAP
10 13 (6.95%) Spring
10 13 (6.95%) WebSockets
11 12 (6.42%) Elastic Stack
12 11 (5.88%) Hibernate
12 11 (5.88%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 54 (28.88%) Algorithms
2 34 (18.18%) Analytical Skills
3 16 (8.56%) Greenfield Project
4 14 (7.49%) Mobile App
5 8 (4.28%) Fintech
5 8 (4.28%) User Experience
6 6 (3.21%) Data Structures
6 6 (3.21%) Social Media
7 4 (2.14%) Robotics
7 4 (2.14%) Virtual Team
8 3 (1.60%) Management Information System
9 2 (1.07%) CUDA
9 2 (1.07%) FMCG
9 2 (1.07%) GPGPU
9 2 (1.07%) IVR
10 1 (0.53%) Blog
10 1 (0.53%) Cloud Native
10 1 (0.53%) e-Learning
10 1 (0.53%) Hedge funds
10 1 (0.53%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 24 (12.83%) Linux
2 15 (8.02%) Windows
3 13 (6.95%) CentOS
3 13 (6.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 9 (4.81%) Unix
5 2 (1.07%) Solaris
5 2 (1.07%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 157 (83.96%) Machine Learning
2 117 (62.57%) Data Science
3 87 (46.52%) Artificial Intelligence
4 78 (41.71%) Analytics
5 54 (28.88%) Mathematics
6 47 (25.13%) Visualisation
7 41 (21.93%) Statistics
8 38 (20.32%) Conversational UI
9 37 (19.79%) Deep Learning
10 36 (19.25%) Agile Software Development
11 32 (17.11%) Open Source
12 26 (13.90%) Computer Science
13 23 (12.30%) Data Visualisation
13 23 (12.30%) Sentiment Analysis
13 23 (12.30%) Software Engineering
14 20 (10.70%) Predictive Analytics
14 20 (10.70%) Problem-Solving
15 19 (10.16%) Data Analytics
15 19 (10.16%) Data Ingestion
16 18 (9.63%) Applied Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 125 (66.84%) Python
2 59 (31.55%) R
3 53 (28.34%) SQL
4 52 (27.81%) Java
5 33 (17.65%) Scala
6 32 (17.11%) JavaScript
7 27 (14.44%) Bash Shell
8 15 (8.02%) MATLAB
9 13 (6.95%) PowerShell
10 11 (5.88%) Java 8
11 10 (5.35%) Cypher
12 9 (4.81%) C#
13 6 (3.21%) Perl
14 5 (2.67%) C++
15 3 (1.60%) C
15 3 (1.60%) Shell Script
16 2 (1.07%) PL/SQL
16 2 (1.07%) TypeScript
17 1 (0.53%) PHP
Qualifications
1 38 (20.32%) PhD
2 30 (16.04%) Degree
3 14 (7.49%) SC Cleared
3 14 (7.49%) Security Cleared
4 10 (5.35%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (3.74%) Master's Degree
6 4 (2.14%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.53%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (11.76%) QA
2 12 (6.42%) Data Quality
System Software
1 23 (12.30%) Docker
2 10 (5.35%) Apache Flume
3 2 (1.07%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 19 (10.16%) Kubernetes
2 11 (5.88%) Kibana
2 11 (5.88%) logstash
3 3 (1.60%) Ansible
4 2 (1.07%) Hadoop YARN
5 1 (0.53%) Terraform
Vendors
1 27 (14.44%) Microsoft
2 15 (8.02%) Google
3 13 (6.95%) Hortonworks
3 13 (6.95%) ServiceNow
4 9 (4.81%) Tableau
5 5 (2.67%) Automation Anywhere
6 4 (2.14%) Blue Prism
6 4 (2.14%) IBM
6 4 (2.14%) UiPath
7 3 (1.60%) Atlassian
7 3 (1.60%) Facebook
7 3 (1.60%) Oracle
7 3 (1.60%) Progress
7 3 (1.60%) Rackspace
8 2 (1.07%) Alteryx
8 2 (1.07%) Dataiku
8 2 (1.07%) Fujitsu
8 2 (1.07%) GENBAND
8 2 (1.07%) SAP
8 2 (1.07%) Twitter