Period
to 22 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 22 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 757 799 811
Rank change year-on-year +42 +12 +46
Contract jobs citing Natural Language Processing 121 57 69
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.12% 0.060% 0.064%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.38% 0.19% 0.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 87 37 54
UK median daily rate £600 £550 £520
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.09% +5.77% +9.47%
10th Percentile £333 £408 £382
90th Percentile £713 £775 £584
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £513 £520
% change year-on-year -17.07% -1.44% +15.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
UK median hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31,963 29,995 31,172
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.09% 31.47% 28.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,794 20,671 21,544
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £278
90th Percentile £625 £590 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £395 £375
% change year-on-year +1.27% +5.33% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 333 335 587
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £18.00 £15.25 £15.53
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.00 £55.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £38.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year +4.58% +2.00% +8.70%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 22 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Top 9 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +69 117 £600 +9.09% 115
London +25 101 £600 +6.67% 75
UK excluding London +14 18 £425 -17.07% 48
Midlands +9 9 £325 -45.83% 4
West Midlands +13 5 £250 -58.33% 3
South East -18 5 £500 -2.44% 12
East Midlands - 4 £625 - 1
East of England -20 2 £425 -22.73% 13
Scotland -21 2 - - 1

For the 6 months to 22 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 94 (77.69%) Machine Learning
2 76 (62.81%) Python
3 59 (48.76%) Analytics
4 50 (41.32%) Big Data
5 46 (38.02%) R
5 46 (38.02%) Apache Spark
6 40 (33.06%) Visualisation
7 38 (31.40%) Hadoop
8 35 (28.93%) SQL
8 35 (28.93%) Algorithms
9 33 (27.27%) Java
10 32 (26.45%) Agile Software Development
10 32 (26.45%) Open Source
11 31 (25.62%) Artificial Intelligence
12 29 (23.97%) Finance
13 28 (23.14%) Data Visualisation
13 28 (23.14%) Information Retrieval
14 27 (22.31%) Amazon AWS
15 26 (21.49%) Scala
15 26 (21.49%) NoSQL
16 24 (19.83%) Mathematics
16 24 (19.83%) Analytical Skills
17 23 (19.01%) Neural Network
18 21 (17.36%) ETL
18 21 (17.36%) Data Analytics
19 20 (16.53%) Computer Science
20 19 (15.70%) Degree
20 19 (15.70%) C#
21 18 (14.88%) Linux
21 18 (14.88%) Statistics

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (38.02%) Apache Spark
2 16 (13.22%) Apache
3 12 (9.92%) Apache Pig
3 12 (9.92%) Elasticsearch
4 10 (8.26%) SAS
5 8 (6.61%) Apache Solr
6 3 (2.48%) Jetty
7 2 (1.65%) OpenStack
8 1 (0.83%) Confluence
8 1 (0.83%) Jupyter
8 1 (0.83%) Luigi
Applications
1 12 (9.92%) Chatbot
1 12 (9.92%) SPSS
2 2 (1.65%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (1.65%) Weka
3 1 (0.83%) Gephi
Cloud Services
1 27 (22.31%) Amazon AWS
2 9 (7.44%) Amazon EC2
3 8 (6.61%) Dialogflow
3 8 (6.61%) Microsoft Azure
4 4 (3.31%) Amazon EMR
4 4 (3.31%) Google Cloud Platform
5 3 (2.48%) Amazon S3
5 3 (2.48%) AWS CloudFormation
5 3 (2.48%) Route 53
6 1 (0.83%) Adobe Analytics
6 1 (0.83%) AWS Lambda
6 1 (0.83%) Azure Machine Learning
6 1 (0.83%) Google Analytics
6 1 (0.83%) SaaS
6 1 (0.83%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 2 (1.65%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 50 (41.32%) Big Data
2 38 (31.40%) Hadoop
3 26 (21.49%) NoSQL
4 15 (12.40%) Text Mining
5 14 (11.57%) Apache Cassandra
5 14 (11.57%) Apache Hive
5 14 (11.57%) Data Mining
5 14 (11.57%) MongoDB
6 11 (9.09%) Relational Database
7 10 (8.26%) Data Warehouse
8 9 (7.44%) HBase
8 9 (7.44%) Mahout
8 9 (7.44%) QlikView
9 7 (5.79%) Impala
9 7 (5.79%) SQL Server
10 6 (4.96%) MarkLogic
10 6 (4.96%) Neo4j
10 6 (4.96%) Riak
11 5 (4.13%) Amazon Redshift
11 5 (4.13%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 6 (4.96%) Git (software)
2 4 (3.31%) Subversion
3 3 (2.48%) Mercurial
4 1 (0.83%) Ant
4 1 (0.83%) Apache Ivy
4 1 (0.83%) Bitbucket
4 1 (0.83%) JIRA
4 1 (0.83%) JUnit
4 1 (0.83%) Maven
General
1 29 (23.97%) Finance
2 11 (9.09%) Banking
3 9 (7.44%) Retail
4 8 (6.61%) Marketing
5 6 (4.96%) Advertising
6 5 (4.13%) Games
7 4 (3.31%) Legal
8 2 (1.65%) Aerospace
8 2 (1.65%) Automotive
8 2 (1.65%) Billing
8 2 (1.65%) Investment Banking
8 2 (1.65%) Law
8 2 (1.65%) Pharmaceutical
8 2 (1.65%) Publishing
8 2 (1.65%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.83%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.83%) French Language
9 1 (0.83%) German Language
9 1 (0.83%) Italian Language
9 1 (0.83%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 53 (43.80%) Data Scientist
2 26 (21.49%) Developer
3 22 (18.18%) Architect
4 12 (9.92%) Lead Architect
5 11 (9.09%) Senior Data Scientist
6 10 (8.26%) Machine Learning Scientist
7 9 (7.44%) Big Data Developer
8 7 (5.79%) Data Architect
9 6 (4.96%) Artificial Intelligence Architect
9 6 (4.96%) Big Data Architect
10 5 (4.13%) Analyst
10 5 (4.13%) Data Engineer
10 5 (4.13%) Python Developer
11 4 (3.31%) Business Analyst
11 4 (3.31%) Head of Engineering
12 3 (2.48%) Hadoop Architect
12 3 (2.48%) Innovation Manager
12 3 (2.48%) Lead Data Architect
12 3 (2.48%) Product Manager
12 3 (2.48%) R Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18 (14.88%) TensorFlow
2 14 (11.57%) Theano
3 13 (10.74%) XML
4 11 (9.09%) MXNet
5 10 (8.26%) Lucene
5 10 (8.26%) REST
6 9 (7.44%) NumPy
6 9 (7.44%) Pandas
7 8 (6.61%) Kafka
7 8 (6.61%) MLlib
8 7 (5.79%) D3.js
8 7 (5.79%) Django
9 6 (4.96%) Hibernate
9 6 (4.96%) JMS
9 6 (4.96%) scikit-learn
9 6 (4.96%) Spring
10 5 (4.13%) Play Framework
10 5 (4.13%) SciPy
10 5 (4.13%) Velocity
11 4 (3.31%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 35 (28.93%) Algorithms
2 24 (19.83%) Analytical Skills
3 20 (16.53%) Computer Science
4 15 (12.40%) Linked Data
5 10 (8.26%) Management Information System
5 10 (8.26%) Robotics
6 9 (7.44%) Replication
7 8 (6.61%) Fintech
8 7 (5.79%) Semantic Web
9 5 (4.13%) Social Media
10 4 (3.31%) Life Science
11 3 (2.48%) Linux Command Line
12 2 (1.65%) Data Structures
12 2 (1.65%) Derivative
12 2 (1.65%) Greenfield Project
12 2 (1.65%) iPad
12 2 (1.65%) User Experience
13 1 (0.83%) Infotainment
13 1 (0.83%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 18 (14.88%) Linux
2 9 (7.44%) CentOS
2 9 (7.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
2 9 (7.44%) Unix
3 2 (1.65%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 94 (77.69%) Machine Learning
2 59 (48.76%) Analytics
3 40 (33.06%) Visualisation
4 32 (26.45%) Agile Software Development
4 32 (26.45%) Open Source
5 31 (25.62%) Artificial Intelligence
6 28 (23.14%) Data Visualisation
6 28 (23.14%) Information Retrieval
7 24 (19.83%) Mathematics
8 23 (19.01%) Neural Network
9 21 (17.36%) Data Analytics
9 21 (17.36%) ETL
10 18 (14.88%) Statistics
11 17 (14.05%) Deep Learning
12 15 (12.40%) Data Analysis
13 14 (11.57%) Predictive Modelling
13 14 (11.57%) RDF
14 12 (9.92%) Big Data Analytics
14 12 (9.92%) Statistical Analysis
14 12 (9.92%) Use Case
Programming Languages
1 76 (62.81%) Python
2 46 (38.02%) R
3 35 (28.93%) SQL
4 33 (27.27%) Java
5 26 (21.49%) Scala
6 19 (15.70%) C#
7 15 (12.40%) SPARQL
8 14 (11.57%) JavaScript
8 14 (11.57%) MATLAB
9 13 (10.74%) Bash Shell
10 9 (7.44%) Gremlin
11 6 (4.96%) C++
11 6 (4.96%) Perl
12 3 (2.48%) GraphQL
12 3 (2.48%) Ruby
13 2 (1.65%) AWK
13 2 (1.65%) C
13 2 (1.65%) sed
13 2 (1.65%) Shell Script
14 1 (0.83%) Julia
Qualifications
1 19 (15.70%) Degree
2 10 (8.26%) PhD
3 6 (4.96%) Computer Science Degree
4 5 (4.13%) PMP
5 3 (2.48%) Security Cleared
6 2 (1.65%) Master's Degree
6 2 (1.65%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.83%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.83%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.83%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (7.44%) QA
2 7 (5.79%) Data Quality
3 2 (1.65%) GCP
3 2 (1.65%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.83%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 5 (4.13%) HDFS
2 4 (3.31%) Apache Flume
3 3 (2.48%) Docker
4 1 (0.83%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 8 (6.61%) Hadoop YARN
2 4 (3.31%) Oozie
3 3 (2.48%) Opscode Chef
3 3 (2.48%) Puppet
3 3 (2.48%) Salt
4 2 (1.65%) Ansible
5 1 (0.83%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 16 (13.22%) IBM
2 14 (11.57%) Tableau
3 7 (5.79%) Blue Prism
4 6 (4.96%) Oracle
5 5 (4.13%) Google
6 4 (3.31%) Hortonworks
6 4 (3.31%) Microsoft
7 3 (2.48%) Cognos
7 3 (2.48%) Informatica
7 3 (2.48%) SAP
7 3 (2.48%) Talend
7 3 (2.48%) Vertica
8 2 (1.65%) CA
9 1 (0.83%) Adobe
9 1 (0.83%) Atlassian
9 1 (0.83%) Brandwatch
9 1 (0.83%) Cloudera
9 1 (0.83%) Facebook