Period
to 18 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 18 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK
6 months to
18 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 720 762 838
Rank change year-on-year +42 +76 +21
Contract jobs citing Natural Language Processing 164 105 56
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.16% 0.11% 0.053%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.46% 0.33% 0.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 93 78 34
UK median daily rate £550 £600 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -8.33% +23.08% -6.25%
10th Percentile £413 £369 £402
90th Percentile £688 £713 £624
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £400 £475
% change year-on-year +37.50% -15.79% -8.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
UK median hourly rate £36.25 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,972 32,016 32,382
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.89% 32.21% 30.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,324 22,443 22,519
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £295
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 325 371 382
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% +0.13%
10th Percentile £15.24 £18.50 £13.50
90th Percentile £59.50 £52.50 £50.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £40.15 £36.00
% change year-on-year +2.11% +11.53% -3.94%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the UK over the 6 months to 18 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +50 153 £575 -4.17% 82
London +2 104 £575 -4.17% 61
UK excluding London +23 57 £550 +37.50% 21
South East - 29 £575 - 9
Scotland - 9 £525 -
North of England - 9 £538 - 4
Midlands -17 7 £563 +40.63%
Yorkshire - 6 £538 - 1
East Midlands +10 5 £688 -
North West - 3 £490 - 2
West Midlands -20 2 £400 +60.00%
South West - 2 - - 1
Wales -15 1 - -

For the 6 months to 18 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 139 (84.76%) Machine Learning
2 102 (62.20%) Data Science
3 98 (59.76%) Python
4 70 (42.68%) Artificial Intelligence
5 64 (39.02%) Analytics
6 62 (37.80%) Hadoop
7 61 (37.20%) Mathematics
8 56 (34.15%) Apache Spark
8 56 (34.15%) Algorithms
9 51 (31.10%) Big Data
10 49 (29.88%) Finance
11 44 (26.83%) R
12 41 (25.00%) PhD
12 41 (25.00%) Deep Learning
13 40 (24.39%) Java
13 40 (24.39%) Visualisation
14 39 (23.78%) MongoDB
14 39 (23.78%) SQL
15 36 (21.95%) NoSQL
15 36 (21.95%) Scala
15 36 (21.95%) Analytical Skills
16 35 (21.34%) Elasticsearch
17 33 (20.12%) Amazon AWS
17 33 (20.12%) Statistics
18 29 (17.68%) Data Mining
19 28 (17.07%) Apache Cassandra
20 26 (15.85%) Open Source
21 25 (15.24%) JavaScript
21 25 (15.24%) Applied Mathematics
21 25 (15.24%) React

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (34.15%) Apache Spark
2 35 (21.34%) Elasticsearch
3 16 (9.76%) Apache
4 14 (8.54%) Apache Solr
5 12 (7.32%) Jupyter
6 4 (2.44%) Apache Pig
6 4 (2.44%) Confluence
6 4 (2.44%) OpenStack
7 2 (1.22%) Amazon Alexa
7 2 (1.22%) SAS
8 1 (0.61%) BizTalk Server
8 1 (0.61%) SharePoint
Applications
1 17 (10.37%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 1 (0.61%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 33 (20.12%) Amazon AWS
2 18 (10.98%) Microsoft Azure
3 11 (6.71%) Google Cloud Platform
4 8 (4.88%) Cloud Computing
5 7 (4.27%) Amazon S3
6 3 (1.83%) Amazon EC2
6 3 (1.83%) Amazon EMR
7 2 (1.22%) Azure Data Factory
7 2 (1.22%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
8 1 (0.61%) Amazon SageMaker
8 1 (0.61%) Azure Machine Learning
8 1 (0.61%) Data Lake Analytics
8 1 (0.61%) GitHub
8 1 (0.61%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 9 (5.49%) DAB
2 7 (4.27%) HTTP
3 4 (2.44%) Kerberos
3 4 (2.44%) SSL
3 4 (2.44%) VPN
4 3 (1.83%) Firewall
4 3 (1.83%) Internet
4 3 (1.83%) LAN
5 1 (0.61%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 62 (37.80%) Hadoop
2 51 (31.10%) Big Data
3 39 (23.78%) MongoDB
4 36 (21.95%) NoSQL
5 29 (17.68%) Data Mining
6 28 (17.07%) Apache Cassandra
7 20 (12.20%) Neo4j
8 16 (9.76%) HBase
9 13 (7.93%) Apache Hive
10 11 (6.71%) Relational Database
10 11 (6.71%) Sqoop
11 10 (6.10%) Spotfire
12 8 (4.88%) Data Lake
12 8 (4.88%) Data Warehouse
12 8 (4.88%) PostgreSQL
12 8 (4.88%) Redis
13 7 (4.27%) Amazon Redshift
13 7 (4.27%) Power BI
14 6 (3.66%) Text Mining
15 4 (2.44%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 16 (9.76%) Git (software)
2 8 (4.88%) JIRA
3 7 (4.27%) GitLab
4 4 (2.44%) FishEye
5 2 (1.22%) Jenkins
6 1 (0.61%) Hudson
6 1 (0.61%) Selenium
6 1 (0.61%) SpecFlow
6 1 (0.61%) Visual Studio
6 1 (0.61%) WebDriver
General
1 49 (29.88%) Finance
2 8 (4.88%) Banking
2 8 (4.88%) Marketing
3 5 (3.05%) Games
3 5 (3.05%) Retail
4 4 (2.44%) Advertising
5 3 (1.83%) Arabic Language
5 3 (1.83%) Hindi Language
6 2 (1.22%) Indonesian Language
6 2 (1.22%) Malayalam Language
6 2 (1.22%) Tamil Language
6 2 (1.22%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.61%) Aerospace
7 1 (0.61%) Back Office
7 1 (0.61%) Electronics
7 1 (0.61%) Front Office
7 1 (0.61%) Legal
7 1 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
7 1 (0.61%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 74 (45.12%) Data Scientist
2 32 (19.51%) Developer
3 26 (15.85%) Architect
4 17 (10.37%) Java Developer
5 14 (8.54%) Machine Learning Developer
6 11 (6.71%) Scrum Master
6 11 (6.71%) Senior Data Scientist
7 8 (4.88%) Machine Learning Scientist
8 6 (3.66%) Solutions Architect
9 5 (3.05%) Big Data Developer
10 4 (2.44%) Data Engineer
10 4 (2.44%) Python Engineer
10 4 (2.44%) Senior Architect
11 3 (1.83%) .NET Developer
11 3 (1.83%) Applications Architect
11 3 (1.83%) Automation Architect
11 3 (1.83%) Data Architect
11 3 (1.83%) Platform Architect
11 3 (1.83%) Scala Developer
11 3 (1.83%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 25 (15.24%) React
1 25 (15.24%) TensorFlow
2 24 (14.63%) Kafka
3 17 (10.37%) scikit-learn
3 17 (10.37%) Spring
4 14 (8.54%) Hibernate
4 14 (8.54%) Pandas
4 14 (8.54%) Redux
5 11 (6.71%) Elastic Stack
5 11 (6.71%) HTML
6 10 (6.10%) .NET
7 9 (5.49%) ASP.NET Web API
7 9 (5.49%) Lucene
7 9 (5.49%) RabbitMQ
8 8 (4.88%) JSON
8 8 (4.88%) Memcached
9 7 (4.27%) Node.js
10 6 (3.66%) CSS
10 6 (3.66%) SpaCy
10 6 (3.66%) Theano
Miscellaneous
1 56 (34.15%) Algorithms
2 36 (21.95%) Analytical Skills
3 24 (14.63%) Computer Science
4 16 (9.76%) Greenfield Project
5 5 (3.05%) Fintech
5 5 (3.05%) Social Media
6 4 (2.44%) Management Information System
6 4 (2.44%) Robotics
6 4 (2.44%) User Experience
6 4 (2.44%) Virtual Team
7 3 (1.83%) GPGPU
8 2 (1.22%) CUDA
8 2 (1.22%) Data Structures
8 2 (1.22%) IVR
9 1 (0.61%) Cloud Native
9 1 (0.61%) e-Learning
9 1 (0.61%) Linux Command Line
9 1 (0.61%) Mobile App
9 1 (0.61%) Self-Motivation
9 1 (0.61%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 11 (6.71%) Linux
1 11 (6.71%) Unix
2 3 (1.83%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 139 (84.76%) Machine Learning
2 102 (62.20%) Data Science
3 70 (42.68%) Artificial Intelligence
4 64 (39.02%) Analytics
5 61 (37.20%) Mathematics
6 41 (25.00%) Deep Learning
7 40 (24.39%) Visualisation
8 33 (20.12%) Statistics
9 26 (15.85%) Open Source
10 25 (15.24%) Applied Mathematics
11 23 (14.02%) Predictive Modelling
12 21 (12.80%) Scrum
13 19 (11.59%) Agile Software Development
13 19 (11.59%) Random Forest
14 18 (10.98%) Statistical Analysis
14 18 (10.98%) Support Vector Machines
15 17 (10.37%) Problem-Solving
15 17 (10.37%) Sentiment Analysis
16 16 (9.76%) Data Engineering
17 15 (9.15%) Anomaly Detection
Programming Languages
1 98 (59.76%) Python
2 44 (26.83%) R
3 40 (24.39%) Java
4 39 (23.78%) SQL
5 36 (21.95%) Scala
6 25 (15.24%) JavaScript
7 16 (9.76%) MATLAB
8 14 (8.54%) Java 8
9 13 (7.93%) Bash Shell
10 12 (7.32%) C#
11 7 (4.27%) Cypher
12 6 (3.66%) C++
12 6 (3.66%) Perl
13 4 (2.44%) TypeScript
14 3 (1.83%) Shell Script
15 2 (1.22%) C
16 1 (0.61%) PHP
Qualifications
1 41 (25.00%) PhD
2 20 (12.20%) Degree
3 13 (7.93%) Security Cleared
4 12 (7.32%) SC Cleared
5 7 (4.27%) Computer Science Degree
6 4 (2.44%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (12.20%) QA
2 15 (9.15%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.61%) ISO 20022
3 1 (0.61%) PSD2
System Software
1 19 (11.59%) Docker
2 11 (6.71%) Apache Flume
3 5 (3.05%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 18 (10.98%) Kubernetes
2 11 (6.71%) Kibana
3 10 (6.10%) logstash
4 5 (3.05%) Ansible
5 4 (2.44%) Hadoop YARN
6 1 (0.61%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.61%) Puppet
6 1 (0.61%) SCCM
6 1 (0.61%) SCOM
6 1 (0.61%) SCVMM
6 1 (0.61%) Terraform
Vendors
1 16 (9.76%) Hortonworks
2 10 (6.10%) Microsoft
2 10 (6.10%) Tableau
3 9 (5.49%) Google
4 5 (3.05%) Automation Anywhere
4 5 (3.05%) Rackspace
5 4 (2.44%) Atlassian
5 4 (2.44%) Blue Prism
5 4 (2.44%) IBM
5 4 (2.44%) UiPath
6 3 (1.83%) Alteryx
7 2 (1.22%) Avaya
7 2 (1.22%) Cisco
7 2 (1.22%) Cloudera
7 2 (1.22%) Dataiku
7 2 (1.22%) Facebook
7 2 (1.22%) GENBAND
7 2 (1.22%) Genesys
7 2 (1.22%) SAP
8 1 (0.61%) RapidMiner