Period
to 25 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 25 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK
6 months to
25 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 754 767 840
Rank change year-on-year +13 +73 -2
Contract jobs citing Natural Language Processing 130 55 50
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.13% 0.060% 0.047%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.39% 0.19% 0.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 83 34 39
UK median daily rate £550 £588 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.38% +11.90% +16.67%
10th Percentile £328 £366 £367
90th Percentile £713 £775 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £556 £520
% change year-on-year -10.11% +6.97% +15.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 1
UK median hourly rate £45.00 - £16.52
10th Percentile £42.50 - £15.16
90th Percentile £47.50 - £17.87
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 - -

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32,979 28,849 30,603
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.64% 31.64% 28.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,212 19,924 21,261
UK median daily rate £475 £433 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.83% +1.76% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £288
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 329 357 469
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.50 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.23% +4.52% +10.71%
10th Percentile £16.25 £15.55 £14.70
90th Percentile £63.50 £52.50 £57.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year +2.50% +3.23% +7.64%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 25 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Top 11 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the UK over the 6 months to 25 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +54 126 £550 -2.65% 86
London +26 112 £550 -6.38% 57
UK excluding London -8 17 £500 -10.11% 31
Midlands +5 5 £675 +12.50% 3
South East -14 5 £500 -2.44% 11
East Midlands - 5 £675 - 1
Scotland -26 3 - - 2
North of England - 3 £425 - 4
North West - 2 £375 - 4
East of England -3 1 - - 8
Yorkshire - 1 £475 -

For the 6 months to 25 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 94 (72.31%) Machine Learning
2 75 (57.69%) Python
3 74 (56.92%) Data Science
4 57 (43.85%) Analytics
5 49 (37.69%) Apache Spark
5 49 (37.69%) R
6 44 (33.85%) Artificial Intelligence
7 43 (33.08%) Big Data
8 40 (30.77%) SQL
9 37 (28.46%) Java
9 37 (28.46%) Hadoop
10 36 (27.69%) Visualisation
11 34 (26.15%) Algorithms
12 33 (25.38%) Mathematics
13 28 (21.54%) Finance
13 28 (21.54%) Analytical Skills
14 27 (20.77%) ETL
15 26 (20.00%) Agile Software Development
16 25 (19.23%) Scala
17 24 (18.46%) Computer Science
17 24 (18.46%) Data Visualisation
18 23 (17.69%) Neural Network
18 23 (17.69%) Deep Learning
19 20 (15.38%) Software Engineering
19 20 (15.38%) Statistics
20 19 (14.62%) NoSQL
21 18 (13.85%) Chatbot
22 16 (12.31%) Apache Hive
22 16 (12.31%) MongoDB
22 16 (12.31%) Degree

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (37.69%) Apache Spark
2 12 (9.23%) Apache
2 12 (9.23%) SAS
3 11 (8.46%) Apache Pig
4 5 (3.85%) Apache Solr
4 5 (3.85%) SharePoint
5 4 (3.08%) Elasticsearch
6 2 (1.54%) Confluence
6 2 (1.54%) OpenStack
7 1 (0.77%) Amazon Alexa
7 1 (0.77%) Jupyter
Applications
1 18 (13.85%) Chatbot
2 6 (4.62%) SPSS
3 2 (1.54%) Weka
4 1 (0.77%) Gephi
4 1 (0.77%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 4 (3.08%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 15 (11.54%) Amazon AWS
2 6 (4.62%) Dialogflow
3 4 (3.08%) Amazon S3
4 3 (2.31%) Google Cloud Platform
4 3 (2.31%) Microsoft Azure
5 2 (1.54%) Google Analytics
6 1 (0.77%) Adobe Analytics
6 1 (0.77%) Amazon EC2
6 1 (0.77%) Amazon EMR
6 1 (0.77%) Amazon Kinesis
6 1 (0.77%) Amazon SQS
6 1 (0.77%) AWS Lambda
6 1 (0.77%) Azure Machine Learning
6 1 (0.77%) Cloud Computing
6 1 (0.77%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
6 1 (0.77%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 3 (2.31%) SMS
2 2 (1.54%) Kerberos
2 2 (1.54%) SSL
2 2 (1.54%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (33.08%) Big Data
2 37 (28.46%) Hadoop
3 19 (14.62%) NoSQL
4 16 (12.31%) Apache Hive
4 16 (12.31%) MongoDB
5 15 (11.54%) Apache Cassandra
6 12 (9.23%) Data Mining
6 12 (9.23%) Text Mining
7 11 (8.46%) Neo4j
8 9 (6.92%) Amazon Redshift
8 9 (6.92%) HBase
9 8 (6.15%) Data Warehouse
9 8 (6.15%) Relational Database
10 5 (3.85%) SQL Server
11 4 (3.08%) Sqoop
12 3 (2.31%) BusinessObjects
12 3 (2.31%) Impala
12 3 (2.31%) MySQL
12 3 (2.31%) SAP HANA
12 3 (2.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 8 (6.15%) Git (software)
2 5 (3.85%) JIRA
3 2 (1.54%) FishEye
4 1 (0.77%) Appium
4 1 (0.77%) Cucumber
4 1 (0.77%) Jasmine
4 1 (0.77%) Karma Test Runner
4 1 (0.77%) Mocha
4 1 (0.77%) RStudio
4 1 (0.77%) Selenium
4 1 (0.77%) YouTrack
General
1 28 (21.54%) Finance
2 9 (6.92%) Banking
2 9 (6.92%) Retail
3 8 (6.15%) Marketing
4 6 (4.62%) Legal
5 4 (3.08%) Games
6 3 (2.31%) Billing
6 3 (2.31%) French Language
6 3 (2.31%) German Language
7 2 (1.54%) Automotive
7 2 (1.54%) Investment Banking
7 2 (1.54%) Italian Language
7 2 (1.54%) Law
7 2 (1.54%) Telecoms
8 1 (0.77%) Advertising
8 1 (0.77%) Aerospace
8 1 (0.77%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.77%) Publishing
8 1 (0.77%) Retail Banking
8 1 (0.77%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 42 (32.31%) Data Scientist
2 28 (21.54%) Developer
3 12 (9.23%) Architect
3 12 (9.23%) Java Developer
4 11 (8.46%) Machine Learning Developer
4 11 (8.46%) Senior Data Scientist
5 7 (5.38%) Analyst
5 7 (5.38%) Data Architect
5 7 (5.38%) Lead Developer
6 6 (4.62%) Product Manager
7 5 (3.85%) Big Data Developer
7 5 (3.85%) Data Engineer
7 5 (3.85%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 5 (3.85%) Machine Learning Scientist
8 4 (3.08%) Analytics Manager
8 4 (3.08%) Big Data Architect
8 4 (3.08%) Business Analyst
8 4 (3.08%) Lead Architect
9 3 (2.31%) Information Architect
9 3 (2.31%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (11.54%) TensorFlow
2 11 (8.46%) React
2 11 (8.46%) Spring
3 10 (7.69%) Hibernate
4 8 (6.15%) Kafka
4 8 (6.15%) Redux
4 8 (6.15%) XML
5 7 (5.38%) NumPy
5 7 (5.38%) scikit-learn
6 6 (4.62%) Pandas
6 6 (4.62%) Velocity
7 5 (3.85%) GraphX
7 5 (3.85%) JSON
7 5 (3.85%) SpaCy
7 5 (3.85%) Theano
7 5 (3.85%) XSD
8 4 (3.08%) Deeplearning4j
8 4 (3.08%) MXNet
8 4 (3.08%) SciPy
9 3 (2.31%) MLlib
Miscellaneous
1 34 (26.15%) Algorithms
2 28 (21.54%) Analytical Skills
3 24 (18.46%) Computer Science
4 9 (6.92%) Greenfield Project
5 5 (3.85%) Management Information System
5 5 (3.85%) PMI
6 4 (3.08%) Fintech
6 4 (3.08%) Replication
6 4 (3.08%) Robotics
6 4 (3.08%) Self-Motivation
7 3 (2.31%) Derivative
7 3 (2.31%) Life Science
7 3 (2.31%) Social Media
8 2 (1.54%) Clustering
8 2 (1.54%) Data Structures
8 2 (1.54%) iPad
8 2 (1.54%) Linked Data
9 1 (0.77%) Social Network
9 1 (0.77%) Taxonomies
9 1 (0.77%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 5 (3.85%) Unix
2 1 (0.77%) CentOS
2 1 (0.77%) Linux
2 1 (0.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 94 (72.31%) Machine Learning
2 74 (56.92%) Data Science
3 57 (43.85%) Analytics
4 44 (33.85%) Artificial Intelligence
5 36 (27.69%) Visualisation
6 33 (25.38%) Mathematics
7 27 (20.77%) ETL
8 26 (20.00%) Agile Software Development
9 24 (18.46%) Data Visualisation
10 23 (17.69%) Deep Learning
10 23 (17.69%) Neural Network
11 20 (15.38%) Software Engineering
11 20 (15.38%) Statistics
12 15 (11.54%) Problem-Solving
13 14 (10.77%) Data Analytics
13 14 (10.77%) Data Management
14 13 (10.00%) Data Analysis
14 13 (10.00%) Data Engineering
15 12 (9.23%) Information Retrieval
16 11 (8.46%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 75 (57.69%) Python
2 49 (37.69%) R
3 40 (30.77%) SQL
4 37 (28.46%) Java
5 25 (19.23%) Scala
6 11 (8.46%) Java 8
6 11 (8.46%) JavaScript
6 11 (8.46%) MATLAB
7 5 (3.85%) Bash Shell
7 5 (3.85%) C++
8 4 (3.08%) Ruby
9 3 (2.31%) C
9 3 (2.31%) Perl
10 2 (1.54%) AWK
10 2 (1.54%) sed
10 2 (1.54%) SPARQL
10 2 (1.54%) VBA
11 1 (0.77%) Julia
11 1 (0.77%) TypeScript
11 1 (0.77%) XPath
Qualifications
1 16 (12.31%) Degree
2 11 (8.46%) PhD
3 6 (4.62%) Computer Science Degree
3 6 (4.62%) Security Cleared
4 5 (3.85%) PMI Certification
5 4 (3.08%) SC Cleared
6 3 (2.31%) Master's Degree
7 2 (1.54%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.77%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.77%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (9.23%) Data Quality
2 3 (2.31%) ISO 20022
2 3 (2.31%) QA
3 1 (0.77%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.77%) GDPR
3 1 (0.77%) PSD2
System Software
1 5 (3.85%) Apache Flume
2 4 (3.08%) HDFS
3 2 (1.54%) Docker
4 1 (0.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 4 (3.08%) Oozie
2 3 (2.31%) Hadoop YARN
3 2 (1.54%) Ansible
4 1 (0.77%) Docker Swarm
4 1 (0.77%) Terraform
Vendors
1 15 (11.54%) Tableau
2 10 (7.69%) Oracle
3 7 (5.38%) Google
3 7 (5.38%) Hortonworks
4 5 (3.85%) Alteryx
5 4 (3.08%) Blue Prism
5 4 (3.08%) RapidMiner
6 3 (2.31%) CA
6 3 (2.31%) Cognos
6 3 (2.31%) IBM
6 3 (2.31%) Informatica
6 3 (2.31%) SAP
6 3 (2.31%) Talend
6 3 (2.31%) Vertica
7 2 (1.54%) Atlassian
7 2 (1.54%) Cloudera
8 1 (0.77%) Adobe
8 1 (0.77%) Brandwatch
8 1 (0.77%) MapR
8 1 (0.77%) Microsoft