Period
to 11 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Prototyping skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Prototyping over the 6 months to 11 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Prototyping
UK
6 months to
11 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 301 290 295
Rank change year-on-year -11 +5 +55
Contract jobs citing Prototyping 924 932 893
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.88% 0.90% 0.87%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.01% 1.05% 1.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 603 660 592
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £304
90th Percentile £575 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £431
% change year-on-year +6.25% -7.13% +7.68%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 10 6
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £44.50 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.35% +14.84% -18.42%
10th Percentile £27.50 £40.13 £31.25
90th Percentile £43.75 £57.75 £46.13
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £43.25 £38.75
% change year-on-year -2.89% +11.61% -20.44%

Prototyping is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 91,392 88,694 87,632
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.72% 85.90% 85.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,516 59,163 57,746
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,345 2,083 2,479
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.33% +6.67% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.25 £11.05
90th Percentile £50.19 £49.24 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.62 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -14.07% +6.67% -1.45%

Prototyping
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Prototyping as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Prototyping in the UK

Prototyping
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Prototyping.

Contractor daily rate trend for Prototyping in the UK

Prototyping
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Prototyping over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Prototyping in the UK

Prototyping
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Prototyping.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Prototyping in the UK

Prototyping
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Prototyping over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Prototyping in the UK

Prototyping
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Prototyping within the UK over the 6 months to 11 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -20 822 £450 +5.88% 348
UK excluding London -12 461 £425 +6.25% 219
London -12 443 £468 +3.77% 152
South East -13 146 £425 +10.03% 60
North of England -39 98 £425 - 67
Midlands +15 75 £450 +12.50% 20
West Midlands +19 66 £450 +12.50% 13
Scotland +14 60 £450 +12.50% 18
North West -16 41 £425 +11.48% 44
South West -32 34 £425 +6.25% 17
Yorkshire -11 31 £410 -3.53% 12
North East -34 27 £425 -3.41% 11
East of England -5 24 £373 +4.93% 32
Wales -20 14 £385 -14.44% 5
Northern Ireland +40 11 £381 -23.75%
East Midlands -7 9 £340 +6.25% 7

For the 6 months to 11 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Prototyping also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Prototyping.

1 518 (56.06%) Agile Software Development
2 492 (53.25%) User Experience
3 276 (29.87%) HTML
4 242 (26.19%) CSS
5 234 (25.32%) Wireframes
6 216 (23.38%) JavaScript
7 201 (21.75%) Finance
8 162 (17.53%) Rapid Prototyping
9 151 (16.34%) Analytics
10 147 (15.91%) User-Centered Design (UCD)
11 141 (15.26%) Scrum
12 137 (14.83%) Degree
13 131 (14.18%) InVision
14 122 (13.20%) SQL
15 114 (12.34%) Axure RP
16 113 (12.23%) Problem-Solving
17 109 (11.80%) Service Design
18 108 (11.69%) Adobe
19 96 (10.39%) Usability Testing
19 96 (10.39%) HTML5
20 91 (9.85%) Information Architecture
20 91 (9.85%) Mobile App
21 89 (9.63%) Analytical Skills
22 84 (9.09%) User Stories
23 83 (8.98%) Python
24 82 (8.87%) C#
24 82 (8.87%) Git (software)
25 81 (8.77%) JIRA
26 80 (8.66%) Front End Development
27 77 (8.33%) TDD

Prototyping
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (5.30%) Confluence
2 28 (3.03%) CMS
3 18 (1.95%) Marvel
4 16 (1.73%) Apache Spark
5 13 (1.41%) SharePoint
6 11 (1.19%) Sitecore CMS
7 7 (0.76%) IIS
8 5 (0.54%) WebLogic
9 4 (0.43%) Drupal
9 4 (0.43%) Elasticsearch
9 4 (0.43%) Jupyter
9 4 (0.43%) SAS
10 3 (0.32%) Tomcat
10 3 (0.32%) WebSphere
10 3 (0.32%) WordPress
11 2 (0.22%) Ethereum
11 2 (0.22%) Oracle Workflow
12 1 (0.11%) Cloud Foundry
12 1 (0.11%) GemFire
12 1 (0.11%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 131 (14.18%) InVision
2 71 (7.68%) Photoshop
3 30 (3.25%) Adobe Illustrator
4 28 (3.03%) Microsoft Excel
5 17 (1.84%) MS Visio
6 15 (1.62%) OmniGraffle
7 11 (1.19%) UXPin
8 10 (1.08%) Microsoft Office
9 8 (0.87%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 6 (0.65%) Flinto
11 5 (0.54%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 5 (0.54%) Spreadsheet
12 4 (0.43%) Pixate
13 3 (0.32%) Adobe After Effects
13 3 (0.32%) InDesign
14 2 (0.22%) Chatbot
14 2 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
14 2 (0.22%) UserZoom
15 1 (0.11%) 3ds Max
15 1 (0.11%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 5 (0.54%) Line 500
2 4 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.43%) WebTrends
3 3 (0.32%) SessionCam
4 2 (0.22%) BASE24
4 2 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
4 2 (0.22%) Oracle General Ledger
4 2 (0.22%) Oracle Internet Expenses
4 2 (0.22%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.11%) Cognos TM1
5 1 (0.11%) Magento
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle iProcurement
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 1 (0.11%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.11%) SAP BPC
5 1 (0.11%) SAP MM
5 1 (0.11%) SAP SRM
Cloud Services
1 43 (4.65%) Amazon AWS
2 39 (4.22%) Adobe Creative Cloud
3 34 (3.68%) Google Analytics
4 30 (3.25%) GitHub
5 28 (3.03%) Amazon EC2
5 28 (3.03%) Microsoft Azure
6 13 (1.41%) Slack
7 12 (1.30%) Office 365
8 10 (1.08%) npm
9 9 (0.97%) IaaS
10 6 (0.65%) Adobe Analytics
10 6 (0.65%) Google Cloud Platform
11 5 (0.54%) SaaS
12 4 (0.43%) Force.com
12 4 (0.43%) Google Tag Manager
12 4 (0.43%) Serverless
13 3 (0.32%) Amazon S3
13 3 (0.32%) Dynamics 365
13 3 (0.32%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
13 3 (0.32%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 31 (3.35%) Internet
2 15 (1.62%) HTTP
3 11 (1.19%) Skype
4 5 (0.54%) Bluetooth
5 4 (0.43%) HTTPS
5 4 (0.43%) Wireless
6 3 (0.32%) Firewall
6 3 (0.32%) Intranet
7 2 (0.22%) ATM
7 2 (0.22%) Ethernet
8 1 (0.11%) 802.11
8 1 (0.11%) AMQP
8 1 (0.11%) Broadband
8 1 (0.11%) Network Security
8 1 (0.11%) SMS
8 1 (0.11%) SSL
8 1 (0.11%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (5.63%) SQL Server
2 43 (4.65%) Big Data
3 35 (3.79%) MongoDB
4 34 (3.68%) Hadoop
5 30 (3.25%) NoSQL
6 19 (2.06%) Data Warehouse
6 19 (2.06%) Relational Database
7 17 (1.84%) Apache Cassandra
7 17 (1.84%) Apache Hive
8 15 (1.62%) Data Mining
8 15 (1.62%) MySQL
8 15 (1.62%) PostgreSQL
9 14 (1.52%) Power BI
10 12 (1.30%) Blockchain
10 12 (1.30%) Data Lake
11 11 (1.19%) HBase
11 11 (1.19%) Impala
11 11 (1.19%) SQL Server 2008
12 10 (1.08%) MS Access
12 10 (1.08%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 114 (12.34%) Axure RP
2 82 (8.87%) Git (software)
3 81 (8.77%) JIRA
4 35 (3.79%) Jenkins
5 27 (2.92%) TeamCity
6 22 (2.38%) gulp
7 21 (2.27%) Balsamiq Mockups
7 21 (2.27%) Selenium
8 17 (1.84%) Cucumber
9 14 (1.52%) Gatling
9 14 (1.52%) IntelliJ
9 14 (1.52%) WebDriver
10 13 (1.41%) Artifactory
10 13 (1.41%) Sublime Text
10 13 (1.41%) Visual Studio Code
11 11 (1.19%) Jasmine
12 10 (1.08%) Team Foundation Server
12 10 (1.08%) Visual Studio
13 9 (0.97%) Mocha
14 7 (0.76%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 201 (21.75%) Finance
2 58 (6.28%) Banking
3 49 (5.30%) Marketing
4 44 (4.76%) Retail
5 20 (2.16%) Legal
6 16 (1.73%) Telecoms
7 12 (1.30%) Electronics
7 12 (1.30%) Investment Banking
8 9 (0.97%) Front Office
9 6 (0.65%) Games
9 6 (0.65%) Manufacturing
9 6 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
9 6 (0.65%) Publishing
10 5 (0.54%) Automotive
10 5 (0.54%) Back Office
10 5 (0.54%) Billing
10 5 (0.54%) Law
11 4 (0.43%) Advertising
11 4 (0.43%) Social Science
12 3 (0.32%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 415 (44.91%) Designer
2 250 (27.06%) UX Designer
3 220 (23.81%) Developer
4 95 (10.28%) UI Designer
5 91 (9.85%) Senior Designer
6 61 (6.60%) Interaction Designer
7 53 (5.74%) Analyst
7 53 (5.74%) UI/UX Designer
8 52 (5.63%) Senior Developer
9 45 (4.87%) .NET Developer
10 44 (4.76%) Senior UX Designer
11 37 (4.00%) Architect
12 35 (3.79%) Business Analyst
12 35 (3.79%) React Developer
13 32 (3.46%) JavaScript Developer
13 32 (3.46%) User Researcher
14 31 (3.35%) Data Scientist
15 30 (3.25%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 29 (3.14%) UI Developer
17 27 (2.92%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 276 (29.87%) HTML
2 242 (26.19%) CSS
3 96 (10.39%) HTML5
4 76 (8.23%) React
5 72 (7.79%) .NET
6 65 (7.03%) CSS3
7 60 (6.49%) Node.js
7 60 (6.49%) REST
8 57 (6.17%) AngularJS
9 55 (5.95%) Web Services
10 36 (3.90%) jQuery
11 32 (3.46%) SOAP
12 31 (3.35%) Ajax
12 31 (3.35%) Sass
13 28 (3.03%) Vue.js
14 23 (2.49%) XML
15 22 (2.38%) ASP.NET
15 22 (2.38%) Kafka
15 22 (2.38%) LESS
15 22 (2.38%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 492 (53.25%) User Experience
2 91 (9.85%) Mobile App
3 89 (9.63%) Analytical Skills
4 33 (3.57%) Graphic Design
5 30 (3.25%) Animation
6 27 (2.92%) Management Information System
7 23 (2.49%) Blog
7 23 (2.49%) Self-Motivation
8 21 (2.27%) Algorithms
8 21 (2.27%) Fintech
9 20 (2.16%) Taxonomies
10 18 (1.95%) Social Media
11 16 (1.73%) W3C
12 15 (1.62%) Data Structures
13 14 (1.52%) Fixed Income
13 14 (1.52%) Virtual Team
14 12 (1.30%) Analytical Mindset
14 12 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
14 12 (1.30%) Greenfield Project
15 11 (1.19%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 36 (3.90%) Apple iOS
2 34 (3.68%) Android
3 30 (3.25%) Windows
4 18 (1.95%) Linux
5 10 (1.08%) Mac OS
6 8 (0.87%) Windows Server
7 4 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 4 (0.43%) Unix
8 3 (0.32%) CentOS
8 3 (0.32%) Windows 10
8 3 (0.32%) Windows 7
9 2 (0.22%) Solaris
10 1 (0.11%) Android TV
Processes & Methodologies
1 518 (56.06%) Agile Software Development
2 234 (25.32%) Wireframes
3 162 (17.53%) Rapid Prototyping
4 151 (16.34%) Analytics
5 147 (15.91%) User-Centered Design (UCD)
6 141 (15.26%) Scrum
7 113 (12.23%) Problem-Solving
8 109 (11.80%) Service Design
9 96 (10.39%) Usability Testing
10 91 (9.85%) Information Architecture
11 84 (9.09%) User Stories
12 80 (8.66%) Front End Development
13 77 (8.33%) TDD
14 67 (7.25%) Visualisation
15 62 (6.71%) Software Engineering
16 60 (6.49%) Data Science
16 60 (6.49%) Responsive Web Design
17 53 (5.74%) E-Commerce
17 53 (5.74%) Workshop Facilitation
18 52 (5.63%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 216 (23.38%) JavaScript
2 122 (13.20%) SQL
3 83 (8.98%) Python
4 82 (8.87%) C#
5 48 (5.19%) Java
6 39 (4.22%) R
7 36 (3.90%) Scala
8 21 (2.27%) Ruby
9 16 (1.73%) ES6
9 16 (1.73%) VBA
10 15 (1.62%) PHP
11 14 (1.52%) C++
12 13 (1.41%) Groovy
13 12 (1.30%) MATLAB
14 11 (1.19%) Bash Shell
14 11 (1.19%) TypeScript
15 10 (1.08%) C
16 7 (0.76%) Apple Swift
16 7 (0.76%) Objective-C
17 6 (0.65%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 137 (14.83%) Degree
2 45 (4.87%) Security Cleared
3 24 (2.60%) PhD
3 24 (2.60%) SC Cleared
4 15 (1.62%) Computer Science Degree
5 14 (1.52%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (0.87%) Master's Degree
7 6 (0.65%) CTC Cleared
7 6 (0.65%) DV Cleared
7 6 (0.65%) ISEB
8 4 (0.43%) APMP
8 4 (0.43%) DBS Check
9 3 (0.32%) IIBA
10 2 (0.22%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.11%) BC Cleared
11 1 (0.11%) CBAP
11 1 (0.11%) MBA
11 1 (0.11%) PMP
11 1 (0.11%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
11 1 (0.11%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (7.36%) QA
2 13 (1.41%) Data Quality
2 13 (1.41%) WCAG
3 5 (0.54%) Disclosure Scotland
4 4 (0.43%) GxP
5 3 (0.32%) GDPR
6 2 (0.22%) SLA
7 1 (0.11%) ISO 13485
7 1 (0.11%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.11%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.11%) PMO
7 1 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 29 (3.14%) Docker
2 10 (1.08%) Apache Flume
3 3 (0.32%) Firmware
3 3 (0.32%) LXC
3 3 (0.32%) SRDF
4 2 (0.22%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 14 (1.52%) Kibana
2 13 (1.41%) Grafana
2 13 (1.41%) Graphite
3 10 (1.08%) Kubernetes
4 7 (0.76%) Puppet
5 5 (0.54%) Ansible
5 5 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
5 5 (0.54%) Terraform
6 2 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.11%) CA Service Virtualization
7 1 (0.11%) CA Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.11%) Docker Swarm
7 1 (0.11%) Forum Sentry
7 1 (0.11%) Hadoop YARN
7 1 (0.11%) Mesos
7 1 (0.11%) Oozie
Vendors
1 108 (11.69%) Adobe
2 47 (5.09%) Microsoft
3 40 (4.33%) Google
4 37 (4.00%) Sitecore
5 25 (2.71%) Oracle
5 25 (2.71%) Tableau
6 20 (2.16%) Splunk
7 13 (1.41%) Informatica
8 10 (1.08%) Cloudera
8 10 (1.08%) Hortonworks
8 10 (1.08%) Salesforce.com
8 10 (1.08%) Teradata
9 7 (0.76%) Omniture
9 7 (0.76%) SAP
10 6 (0.65%) ClickTale
10 6 (0.65%) GoldenSource
11 5 (0.54%) Bloomberg
11 5 (0.54%) FactSet
11 5 (0.54%) Sage
12 4 (0.43%) Pega