Period
to 20 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 20 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
20 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 111 73 70
Rank change year-on-year -38 -3 -4
Contract jobs citing OO 1,982 3,172 2,881
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.18% 3.18% 3.16%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.51% 3.67% 3.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,375 2,256 2,052
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £357 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £430 £400
% change year-on-year +4.65% +7.50% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 43 68
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +4.65% +1.78%
10th Percentile £33.75 £23.05 £32.50
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.00 £70.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £44.50 £43.50
% change year-on-year +1.12% +2.30% +2.96%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,960 86,443 77,910
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 87.02% 86.58% 85.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 51,906 56,977 50,985
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +2.94%
10th Percentile £305 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +4.17% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,193 2,355 2,100
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £21.50 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.28% -14.00% -
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.17 £11.47
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £20.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +20.00% -20.00% -7.41%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing OO.

Contractor daily rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 20 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO.

Contractor hourly rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 20 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 20 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -35 1,846 £500 +0.50% 260
London -34 1,061 £538 +2.38% 84
UK excluding London -42 904 £450 +4.65% 197
South East -25 285 £450 -5.26% 43
South West -12 146 £475 +11.76% 23
North of England -81 142 £463 +15.63% 52
East of England -5 108 £450 -5.26% 29
Midlands -50 100 £390 -10.86% 29
North West -8 77 £500 +25.00% 29
Scotland -44 74 £388 -3.13% 10
West Midlands -28 68 £363 -14.71% 15
Yorkshire -68 62 £450 +12.50% 18
Wales +9 41 £405 -1.82% 9
East Midlands -43 22 £550 +22.22% 14
Northern Ireland -21 9 £488 +5.77% 2
North East -6 3 £500 +25.00% 5

For the 6 months to 20 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 1,025 (51.72%) Agile Software Development
2 783 (39.51%) Java
3 780 (39.35%) JavaScript
4 610 (30.78%) TDD
5 554 (27.95%) C#
6 549 (27.70%) OOP
7 548 (27.65%) HTML
8 513 (25.88%) CSS
9 422 (21.29%) .NET
10 407 (20.53%) SQL
11 383 (19.32%) Git (software)
12 359 (18.11%) DevOps
13 350 (17.66%) OOD
14 343 (17.31%) AngularJS
15 329 (16.60%) Python
16 327 (16.50%) Finance
17 325 (16.40%) MVC
18 321 (16.20%) Test Automation
19 317 (15.99%) Scrum
20 314 (15.84%) Continuous Integration
21 313 (15.79%) Software Engineering
22 307 (15.49%) Amazon AWS
23 304 (15.34%) Spring
24 300 (15.14%) Microservices
25 297 (14.98%) React
26 288 (14.53%) Web Services
27 285 (14.38%) Linux
28 270 (13.62%) RESTful
29 260 (13.12%) SQL Server
30 250 (12.61%) Relational Database

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (3.78%) Apache Spark
2 69 (3.48%) Confluence
3 48 (2.42%) Tomcat
4 45 (2.27%) CMS
5 39 (1.97%) WebLogic
5 39 (1.97%) WebSphere
6 32 (1.61%) Elasticsearch
7 31 (1.56%) Apache
7 31 (1.56%) SharePoint
8 28 (1.41%) WordPress
9 27 (1.36%) JBoss
10 24 (1.21%) Apache Solr
11 18 (0.91%) Drupal
12 17 (0.86%) OpenStack
13 12 (0.61%) BizTalk Server
13 12 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 11 (0.55%) Cloud Foundry
14 11 (0.55%) IIS
15 10 (0.50%) Jetty
16 9 (0.45%) nginx
Applications
1 28 (1.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (1.06%) Photoshop
3 16 (0.81%) Simulink
4 4 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
4 4 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.15%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Office
7 1 (0.050%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.050%) Fireworks
7 1 (0.050%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.050%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.050%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 33 (1.66%) Magento
2 20 (1.01%) SAP Hybris
3 19 (0.96%) Dynamics CRM
4 14 (0.71%) SAP ERP
5 13 (0.66%) SAP S/4HANA
6 10 (0.50%) Oracle BPM
7 8 (0.40%) Markit EDM
8 7 (0.35%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 5 (0.25%) Fredhopper
10 4 (0.20%) Actimize
11 3 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
12 2 (0.10%) SAP CAR
12 2 (0.10%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
12 2 (0.10%) SAP PP
12 2 (0.10%) Unit4 Business World
13 1 (0.050%) BASE24
13 1 (0.050%) Dynamics AX
13 1 (0.050%) RMDS
13 1 (0.050%) SAP QM
13 1 (0.050%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 307 (15.49%) Amazon AWS
2 234 (11.81%) Microsoft Azure
3 59 (2.98%) Serverless
4 53 (2.67%) Amazon S3
4 53 (2.67%) Google Cloud Platform
5 51 (2.57%) GitHub
6 50 (2.52%) AWS Lambda
7 48 (2.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 43 (2.17%) Amazon EC2
9 39 (1.97%) AWS CloudFormation
10 29 (1.46%) Cloud Computing
11 24 (1.21%) Amazon Kinesis
12 23 (1.16%) PaaS
13 19 (0.96%) CloudFront
14 15 (0.76%) npm
15 14 (0.71%) Amazon EKS
15 14 (0.71%) Amazon ELB
15 14 (0.71%) Power Platform
15 14 (0.71%) SaaS
16 13 (0.66%) MailChimp
Communications & Networking
1 94 (4.74%) HTTP
2 63 (3.18%) FTP
3 60 (3.03%) DNS
4 45 (2.27%) TCP/IP
5 42 (2.12%) DHCP
5 42 (2.12%) SSL
6 41 (2.07%) IPsec
7 23 (1.16%) Internet
8 18 (0.91%) SSH
9 10 (0.50%) Network Security
10 8 (0.40%) Skype
10 8 (0.40%) SMTP
11 7 (0.35%) H.323
11 7 (0.35%) Intranet
12 5 (0.25%) SNMP
13 4 (0.20%) Firewall
14 2 (0.10%) 3G
14 2 (0.10%) BGP
14 2 (0.10%) OSPF
14 2 (0.10%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 260 (13.12%) SQL Server
2 250 (12.61%) Relational Database
3 216 (10.90%) NoSQL
4 212 (10.70%) MySQL
5 142 (7.16%) MongoDB
6 124 (6.26%) RDBMS
7 79 (3.99%) PostgreSQL
8 78 (3.94%) Big Data
9 56 (2.83%) Hadoop
10 54 (2.72%) Apache Cassandra
11 45 (2.27%) Data Warehouse
12 43 (2.17%) Oracle Database
13 37 (1.87%) Amazon RDS
14 26 (1.31%) Apache Hive
15 19 (0.96%) Redis
16 17 (0.86%) CouchDB
17 16 (0.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 15 (0.76%) BusinessObjects
18 15 (0.76%) Impala
19 14 (0.71%) HBase
Development Applications
1 383 (19.32%) Git (software)
2 205 (10.34%) Jenkins
3 148 (7.47%) JIRA
4 120 (6.05%) Maven
5 107 (5.40%) JUnit
6 83 (4.19%) Visual Studio Team System
7 82 (4.14%) Selenium
8 80 (4.04%) Visual Studio
9 67 (3.38%) Subversion
10 64 (3.23%) Cucumber
11 52 (2.62%) Jasmine
12 50 (2.52%) Team Foundation Server
13 49 (2.47%) webpack
14 45 (2.27%) TeamCity
15 44 (2.22%) NUnit
15 44 (2.22%) Travis CI
16 43 (2.17%) Bitbucket
17 41 (2.07%) gulp
18 40 (2.02%) Eclipse
19 36 (1.82%) Mockito
General
1 327 (16.50%) Finance
2 130 (6.56%) Banking
3 78 (3.94%) Front Office
4 63 (3.18%) Retail
5 52 (2.62%) Marketing
6 51 (2.57%) Investment Banking
7 27 (1.36%) Back Office
8 21 (1.06%) Games
9 16 (0.81%) Telecoms
10 15 (0.76%) Legal
10 15 (0.76%) Manufacturing
11 14 (0.71%) Publishing
12 13 (0.66%) Financial Institution
13 12 (0.61%) Electronics
14 9 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
15 8 (0.40%) Aerospace
16 7 (0.35%) Law
17 4 (0.20%) Advertising
17 4 (0.20%) Retail Banking
18 3 (0.15%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 1,443 (72.81%) Developer
2 338 (17.05%) Java Developer
3 191 (9.64%) .NET Developer
4 175 (8.83%) C# Developer
5 164 (8.27%) Senior Developer
6 151 (7.62%) Full Stack Developer
7 137 (6.91%) React Developer
8 130 (6.56%) JavaScript Developer
9 123 (6.21%) Software Engineer
10 115 (5.80%) Software Developer
11 112 (5.65%) Architect
12 102 (5.15%) Python Developer
13 87 (4.39%) C# .NET Developer
14 79 (3.99%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 75 (3.78%) DevOps Engineer
16 73 (3.68%) PHP Developer
17 57 (2.88%) Senior Java Developer
18 55 (2.77%) AWS Developer
19 53 (2.67%) ASP.NET Developer
20 50 (2.52%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 548 (27.65%) HTML
2 513 (25.88%) CSS
3 422 (21.29%) .NET
4 343 (17.31%) AngularJS
5 304 (15.34%) Spring
6 297 (14.98%) React
7 288 (14.53%) Web Services
8 270 (13.62%) RESTful
9 245 (12.36%) HTML5
10 243 (12.26%) REST
11 212 (10.70%) ASP.NET
12 197 (9.94%) SOAP
13 196 (9.89%) Node.js
14 170 (8.58%) jQuery
15 158 (7.97%) XML
16 136 (6.86%) Hibernate
17 134 (6.76%) Kafka
18 132 (6.66%) JSON
19 124 (6.26%) ASP.NET Web API
20 117 (5.90%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 147 (7.42%) Algorithms
2 141 (7.11%) Greenfield Project
3 126 (6.36%) Analytical Skills
4 115 (5.80%) Data Structures
5 78 (3.94%) User Experience
6 70 (3.53%) Mobile App
7 66 (3.33%) Self-Motivation
8 48 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
9 35 (1.77%) Hedge funds
10 29 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
11 27 (1.36%) Equities
11 27 (1.36%) Fixed Income
11 27 (1.36%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 27 (1.36%) Virtual Team
12 23 (1.16%) Derivative
12 23 (1.16%) Digital Media
13 17 (0.86%) Data Protection Act
13 17 (0.86%) Management Information System
14 16 (0.81%) EPoS
15 13 (0.66%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 285 (14.38%) Linux
2 151 (7.62%) Windows
3 130 (6.56%) Unix
4 57 (2.88%) Android
5 53 (2.67%) Apple iOS
6 23 (1.16%) Windows Server
7 18 (0.91%) VMS
8 8 (0.40%) Windows 10
8 8 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
9 7 (0.35%) Mac OS
10 4 (0.20%) Solaris
11 3 (0.15%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.15%) VxWorks
12 2 (0.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 2 (0.10%) tvOS
13 1 (0.050%) CentOS
13 1 (0.050%) Embedded Linux
13 1 (0.050%) MVS
13 1 (0.050%) Windows 7
13 1 (0.050%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,025 (51.72%) Agile Software Development
2 610 (30.78%) TDD
3 549 (27.70%) OOP
4 359 (18.11%) DevOps
5 350 (17.66%) OOD
6 325 (16.40%) MVC
7 321 (16.20%) Test Automation
8 317 (15.99%) Scrum
9 314 (15.84%) Continuous Integration
10 313 (15.79%) Software Engineering
11 300 (15.14%) Microservices
12 240 (12.11%) BDD
13 216 (10.90%) Problem-Solving
14 208 (10.49%) Open Source
15 174 (8.78%) Multithreading
16 165 (8.32%) Computer Science
17 156 (7.87%) SDLC
18 155 (7.82%) UML
19 151 (7.62%) Unit Testing
20 145 (7.32%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 783 (39.51%) Java
2 780 (39.35%) JavaScript
3 554 (27.95%) C#
4 407 (20.53%) SQL
5 329 (16.60%) Python
6 199 (10.04%) C++
7 166 (8.38%) PHP
8 146 (7.37%) Java 8
9 114 (5.75%) ES6
10 106 (5.35%) TypeScript
11 89 (4.49%) Scala
12 65 (3.28%) T-SQL
13 60 (3.03%) C
14 46 (2.32%) Ruby
15 42 (2.12%) ABAP
16 36 (1.82%) Shell Script
17 30 (1.51%) Apple Swift
17 30 (1.51%) Kotlin
18 29 (1.46%) Perl
19 26 (1.31%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 178 (8.98%) Security Cleared
2 138 (6.96%) Degree
3 128 (6.46%) SC Cleared
4 45 (2.27%) DV Cleared
5 31 (1.56%) Computer Science Degree
6 19 (0.96%) AWS Certification
7 18 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
8 9 (0.45%) DBS Check
8 9 (0.45%) Master's Degree
9 6 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
10 5 (0.25%) PhD
11 4 (0.20%) Sun Certification
11 4 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
12 3 (0.15%) HNC
12 3 (0.15%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 3 (0.15%) OCA
12 3 (0.15%) OCAJ
12 3 (0.15%) Oracle Certification
13 2 (0.10%) BC Cleared
13 2 (0.10%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 89 (4.49%) QA
2 11 (0.55%) GDPR
3 6 (0.30%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.30%) NCSC
4 4 (0.20%) MiFID
5 3 (0.15%) EMIR
6 2 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.10%) HL7
6 2 (0.10%) JTAG
6 2 (0.10%) MISRA
6 2 (0.10%) MISRA C
6 2 (0.10%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.10%) SLA
7 1 (0.050%) Dodd-Frank
7 1 (0.050%) Government Security Classifications
7 1 (0.050%) IFRS
7 1 (0.050%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.050%) PMO
System Software
1 186 (9.38%) Docker
2 60 (3.03%) Virtual Machines
3 17 (0.86%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (0.71%) HDFS
5 8 (0.40%) VMware ESXi
5 8 (0.40%) vSphere
6 5 (0.25%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.25%) Slurm Workload Manager
7 3 (0.15%) Firmware
8 2 (0.10%) Shibboleth
8 2 (0.10%) VMware NSX
9 1 (0.050%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.050%) Terminal Server
9 1 (0.050%) Time Sharing Option
9 1 (0.050%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 95 (4.79%) Kubernetes
2 74 (3.73%) Puppet
3 59 (2.98%) Ansible
4 58 (2.93%) Opscode Chef
5 33 (1.66%) Terraform
6 10 (0.50%) Marathon
6 10 (0.50%) Mesos
6 10 (0.50%) vCenter Server
7 8 (0.40%) logstash
8 5 (0.25%) Control-M
8 5 (0.25%) Graphite
8 5 (0.25%) Kibana
9 4 (0.20%) Nagios
9 4 (0.20%) StatsD
10 3 (0.15%) Istio
10 3 (0.15%) linkerd
10 3 (0.15%) Prometheus
11 2 (0.10%) Grafana
11 2 (0.10%) Rancher
11 2 (0.10%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 221 (11.15%) Oracle
2 152 (7.67%) Microsoft
3 100 (5.05%) SAP
4 66 (3.33%) Google
5 50 (2.52%) IBM
6 49 (2.47%) Salesforce.com
7 42 (2.12%) hybris
8 38 (1.92%) Atlassian
9 34 (1.72%) Informatica
10 33 (1.66%) Adobe
11 25 (1.26%) Zend
12 23 (1.16%) VMware
13 22 (1.11%) IBM Sterling
14 21 (1.06%) Sybase
14 21 (1.06%) Tableau
15 14 (0.71%) BEA
15 14 (0.71%) MuleSoft
16 11 (0.55%) Guidewire
16 11 (0.55%) MapR
16 11 (0.55%) webMethods