Period
to 23 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 23 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 117 75 74
Rank change year-on-year -42 -1 +2
Contract jobs citing OO 1,778 3,279 3,232
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.10% 3.17% 3.23%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.43% 3.65% 3.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,245 2,278 2,435
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +11.76%
10th Percentile £330 £363 £325
90th Percentile £700 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £410
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +5.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 31 77
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £43.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.65% -4.44% +5.88%
10th Percentile £32.02 £35.93 £32.50
90th Percentile £56.50 £48.75 £56.30
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £43.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +4.65% -4.44% +6.51%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 73,115 89,839 86,433
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.33% 86.84% 86.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 48,039 59,281 57,279
UK median daily rate £475 £455 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.51% +1.00% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £278
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,283 2,430 2,073
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £20.62 £24.66
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.38% -16.37% +9.60%
10th Percentile £11.88 £11.18 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.91 £20.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +14.54% -20.00% +11.11%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing OO.

Contractor daily rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO.

Contractor hourly rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -43 1,622 £500 - 1,052
London -28 959 £550 +4.76% 377
UK excluding London -49 787 £425 - 769
South East -56 213 £425 -10.53% 170
South West -42 132 £500 +17.65% 107
North of England -68 123 £400 -5.88% 194
East of England +32 102 £450 -5.26% 77
Scotland -23 93 £425 +6.25% 66
Midlands -22 89 £350 -17.94% 127
North West -33 67 £400 -4.76% 98
West Midlands -21 51 £348 -18.52% 81
Yorkshire -52 46 £400 -4.76% 69
East Midlands -4 32 £355 -17.39% 45
Wales -1 24 £388 -3.13% 21
Northern Ireland +13 13 £475 -20.83% 6
North East -11 10 £425 -7.10% 27

For the 6 months to 23 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 911 (51.24%) Agile Software Development
2 695 (39.09%) JavaScript
3 681 (38.30%) Java
4 554 (31.16%) TDD
5 513 (28.85%) OOP
6 501 (28.18%) C#
7 496 (27.90%) HTML
8 435 (24.47%) CSS
9 389 (21.88%) .NET
10 378 (21.26%) React
11 356 (20.02%) OOD
12 346 (19.46%) Finance
13 340 (19.12%) DevOps
14 328 (18.45%) Continuous Integration
15 321 (18.05%) SQL
16 316 (17.77%) Software Engineering
17 307 (17.27%) AngularJS
18 297 (16.70%) Git (software)
19 290 (16.31%) Python
20 275 (15.47%) Test Automation
21 259 (14.57%) Scrum
22 256 (14.40%) Microservices
23 250 (14.06%) Spring
24 243 (13.67%) Linux
25 242 (13.61%) RESTful
26 226 (12.71%) SQL Server
27 224 (12.60%) HTML5
28 221 (12.43%) AWS
28 221 (12.43%) Web Services
29 215 (12.09%) Azure

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (3.37%) Apache Spark
2 44 (2.47%) Confluence
3 41 (2.31%) Apache
4 39 (2.19%) Elasticsearch
5 35 (1.97%) CMS
6 33 (1.86%) JBoss
7 29 (1.63%) WordPress
8 26 (1.46%) WebSphere
9 22 (1.24%) Tomcat
10 15 (0.84%) Cloud Foundry
10 15 (0.84%) SharePoint
11 13 (0.73%) Apache Solr
11 13 (0.73%) nginx
12 12 (0.67%) WebLogic
13 9 (0.51%) Apache Airflow
13 9 (0.51%) OpenStack
13 9 (0.51%) SAP Portal
14 8 (0.45%) Drupal
15 7 (0.39%) Jupyter
15 7 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 15 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.56%) Simulink
3 5 (0.28%) Photoshop
4 4 (0.22%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.17%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.11%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.056%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.056%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.056%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 22 (1.24%) Magento
2 11 (0.62%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 8 (0.45%) SAP Hybris
3 8 (0.45%) SAP PSCD
4 6 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.34%) SAP S/4HANA
5 5 (0.28%) Eikon
5 5 (0.28%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 4 (0.22%) FINCAD Analytics
6 4 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
7 3 (0.17%) BASE24
7 3 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
7 3 (0.17%) Fredhopper
8 2 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
8 2 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
8 2 (0.11%) SAP CO
8 2 (0.11%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.11%) SAP FI
8 2 (0.11%) SAP FI/CO
8 2 (0.11%) SAP PP
Cloud Services
1 221 (12.43%) AWS
2 215 (12.09%) Azure
3 76 (4.27%) Serverless
4 64 (3.60%) GitHub
5 55 (3.09%) Amazon S3
5 55 (3.09%) AWS Lambda
6 47 (2.64%) GCP
7 33 (1.86%) Amazon Kinesis
8 31 (1.74%) CloudFront
9 28 (1.57%) Amazon EC2
10 21 (1.18%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 18 (1.01%) npm
12 16 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
13 15 (0.84%) PaaS
14 14 (0.79%) AWS CloudFormation
15 12 (0.67%) OpenShift
16 11 (0.62%) Amazon ECS
16 11 (0.62%) SaaS
17 10 (0.56%) Amazon EKS
17 10 (0.56%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 44 (2.47%) HTTP
2 37 (2.08%) Internet
3 35 (1.97%) DNS
4 17 (0.96%) SSL
5 16 (0.90%) FTP
6 14 (0.79%) Network Security
6 14 (0.79%) TCP/IP
7 12 (0.67%) Multicast
7 12 (0.67%) SSH
8 10 (0.56%) DHCP
8 10 (0.56%) IPsec
9 5 (0.28%) Skype
10 4 (0.22%) Firewall
11 3 (0.17%) ATM
12 2 (0.11%) H.323
12 2 (0.11%) Intranet
12 2 (0.11%) LAN
12 2 (0.11%) SAN
12 2 (0.11%) VLAN
12 2 (0.11%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 226 (12.71%) SQL Server
2 182 (10.24%) Relational Database
3 149 (8.38%) NoSQL
4 118 (6.64%) MySQL
5 90 (5.06%) MongoDB
6 62 (3.49%) PostgreSQL
7 59 (3.32%) Big Data
8 50 (2.81%) RDBMS
9 32 (1.80%) Oracle Database
10 30 (1.69%) Hadoop
11 22 (1.24%) Amazon RDS
12 20 (1.12%) Flink
12 20 (1.12%) Redis
13 19 (1.07%) Apache Cassandra
13 19 (1.07%) SAP BW
14 15 (0.84%) Amazon Redshift
15 13 (0.73%) Data Lake
15 13 (0.73%) DB2
15 13 (0.73%) KDB
16 12 (0.67%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 297 (16.70%) Git (software)
2 136 (7.65%) Jenkins
3 106 (5.96%) JIRA
4 98 (5.51%) JUnit
5 87 (4.89%) Cucumber
6 77 (4.33%) Maven
7 65 (3.66%) Selenium
8 61 (3.43%) Subversion
9 55 (3.09%) Visual Studio
9 55 (3.09%) Visual Studio Team System
10 53 (2.98%) Eclipse
10 53 (2.98%) gulp
11 45 (2.53%) Team Foundation Server
12 44 (2.47%) Jasmine
12 44 (2.47%) webpack
13 40 (2.25%) TeamCity
14 36 (2.02%) NUnit
15 35 (1.97%) git-flow
16 31 (1.74%) Gradle
17 27 (1.52%) Grunt
General
1 346 (19.46%) Finance
2 154 (8.66%) Banking
3 81 (4.56%) Public Sector
4 78 (4.39%) Front Office
5 47 (2.64%) Investment Banking
5 47 (2.64%) Retail
6 38 (2.14%) Games
6 38 (2.14%) Marketing
7 27 (1.52%) Telecoms
8 24 (1.35%) Military
9 22 (1.24%) Back Office
9 22 (1.24%) Manufacturing
10 14 (0.79%) Electronics
11 8 (0.45%) Advertising
11 8 (0.45%) Law
12 7 (0.39%) Publishing
13 6 (0.34%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.22%) International Banking
15 3 (0.17%) Aerospace
16 2 (0.11%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,295 (72.83%) Developer
2 296 (16.65%) Java Developer
3 187 (10.52%) Software Engineer
4 186 (10.46%) C# Developer
5 169 (9.51%) Senior Developer
6 166 (9.34%) .NET Developer
7 140 (7.87%) React Developer
8 128 (7.20%) Full Stack Developer
9 103 (5.79%) JavaScript Developer
10 84 (4.72%) Python Developer
11 69 (3.88%) PHP Developer
12 66 (3.71%) C# .NET Developer
12 66 (3.71%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 65 (3.66%) Software Developer
14 60 (3.37%) Architect
14 60 (3.37%) Senior Java Developer
15 45 (2.53%) Senior Software Engineer
16 43 (2.42%) ASP.NET Developer
16 43 (2.42%) C++ Software Engineer
17 41 (2.31%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 496 (27.90%) HTML
2 435 (24.47%) CSS
3 389 (21.88%) .NET
4 378 (21.26%) React
5 307 (17.27%) AngularJS
6 250 (14.06%) Spring
7 242 (13.61%) RESTful
8 224 (12.60%) HTML5
9 221 (12.43%) Web Services
10 203 (11.42%) Node.js
11 156 (8.77%) REST
12 145 (8.16%) jQuery
13 144 (8.10%) XML
14 142 (7.99%) Redux
15 138 (7.76%) Kafka
16 136 (7.65%) ASP.NET
17 130 (7.31%) SOAP
18 109 (6.13%) CSS3
19 105 (5.91%) JSON
20 103 (5.79%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 190 (10.69%) Analytical Skills
2 152 (8.55%) Greenfield Project
3 125 (7.03%) Data Structures
4 105 (5.91%) Algorithms
5 87 (4.89%) Equities
6 72 (4.05%) Hedge funds
7 65 (3.66%) User Experience
8 63 (3.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 58 (3.26%) Self-Motivation
10 55 (3.09%) Mobile App
11 51 (2.87%) Enterprise Software
12 36 (2.02%) Fixed Income
13 30 (1.69%) Derivative
14 26 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
15 17 (0.96%) Digital Media
16 16 (0.90%) Public Cloud
17 14 (0.79%) Virtual Team
18 13 (0.73%) Embedded Systems
18 13 (0.73%) Management Information System
19 12 (0.67%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 243 (13.67%) Linux
2 140 (7.87%) Unix
3 116 (6.52%) Windows
4 63 (3.54%) Android
5 58 (3.26%) Apple iOS
6 9 (0.51%) Mac OS
7 4 (0.22%) Windows Server
8 3 (0.17%) HPUX
9 2 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
9 2 (0.11%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.11%) Solaris
9 2 (0.11%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.11%) VMS
10 1 (0.056%) AIX
10 1 (0.056%) CentOS
10 1 (0.056%) OpenVMS
10 1 (0.056%) tvOS
10 1 (0.056%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 911 (51.24%) Agile Software Development
2 554 (31.16%) TDD
3 513 (28.85%) OOP
4 356 (20.02%) OOD
5 340 (19.12%) DevOps
6 328 (18.45%) Continuous Integration
7 316 (17.77%) Software Engineering
8 275 (15.47%) Test Automation
9 259 (14.57%) Scrum
10 256 (14.40%) Microservices
11 210 (11.81%) MVC
12 199 (11.19%) Problem-Solving
13 178 (10.01%) Unit Testing
14 163 (9.17%) Computer Science
15 156 (8.77%) SOLID
16 155 (8.72%) BDD
17 150 (8.44%) Multithreading
18 135 (7.59%) Open Source
19 134 (7.54%) UML
20 130 (7.31%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 695 (39.09%) JavaScript
2 681 (38.30%) Java
3 501 (28.18%) C#
4 321 (18.05%) SQL
5 290 (16.31%) Python
6 191 (10.74%) C++
7 144 (8.10%) PHP
8 124 (6.97%) Java 8
9 104 (5.85%) ES6
10 93 (5.23%) TypeScript
11 92 (5.17%) C
12 54 (3.04%) Scala
13 52 (2.92%) ABAP
14 51 (2.87%) Ruby
15 42 (2.36%) T-SQL
16 36 (2.02%) PHP 7
17 32 (1.80%) Apple Swift
18 30 (1.69%) Shell Script
19 24 (1.35%) Objective-C
20 23 (1.29%) Perl
Qualifications
1 203 (11.42%) Security Cleared
2 153 (8.61%) SC Cleared
3 123 (6.92%) Degree
4 62 (3.49%) DV Cleared
5 28 (1.57%) AWS Certification
6 24 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
7 15 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
8 8 (0.45%) Master's Degree
9 7 (0.39%) DBS Check
10 4 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
11 3 (0.17%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 3 (0.17%) PhD
12 2 (0.11%) HNC
12 2 (0.11%) ISEB
12 2 (0.11%) ISTQB
13 1 (0.056%) BC Cleared
13 1 (0.056%) HND
13 1 (0.056%) MCP
13 1 (0.056%) MCSE
13 1 (0.056%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 60 (3.37%) QA
2 14 (0.79%) WCAG
3 7 (0.39%) MiFID
3 7 (0.39%) PCI DSS
4 6 (0.34%) EMIR
5 4 (0.22%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.22%) GDPR
5 4 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.11%) Solvency II
7 1 (0.056%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.056%) Dodd-Frank
7 1 (0.056%) HL7
7 1 (0.056%) JTAG
7 1 (0.056%) RosettaNet
7 1 (0.056%) SLA
7 1 (0.056%) TickIT
System Software
1 145 (8.16%) Docker
2 26 (1.46%) Virtual Machines
3 6 (0.34%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.34%) HDFS
3 6 (0.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.17%) vSphere
5 2 (0.11%) Firmware
6 1 (0.056%) GridGain
6 1 (0.056%) Microsoft App-V
6 1 (0.056%) NFS
6 1 (0.056%) Terminal Server
Systems Management
1 104 (5.85%) Kubernetes
2 32 (1.80%) Ansible
3 26 (1.46%) Puppet
4 23 (1.29%) Terraform
5 12 (0.67%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (0.56%) Marathon
6 10 (0.56%) Mesos
7 8 (0.45%) Grafana
8 6 (0.34%) Kibana
9 5 (0.28%) HAProxy
9 5 (0.28%) HP ALM
9 5 (0.28%) Nagios
10 4 (0.22%) Graphite
10 4 (0.22%) logstash
10 4 (0.22%) StatsD
11 3 (0.17%) Istio
11 3 (0.17%) linkerd
12 2 (0.11%) CA Single Sign-On
12 2 (0.11%) HP Operations Orchestration
12 2 (0.11%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 182 (10.24%) Microsoft
2 146 (8.21%) Oracle
3 104 (5.85%) SAP
4 62 (3.49%) Google
5 57 (3.21%) IBM
6 40 (2.25%) Salesforce.com
7 36 (2.02%) Informatica
8 31 (1.74%) IBM Sterling
9 26 (1.46%) Adobe
10 25 (1.41%) Apple
11 22 (1.24%) Atlassian
11 22 (1.24%) Remedy
12 20 (1.12%) webMethods
13 18 (1.01%) hybris
14 17 (0.96%) Zend
15 12 (0.67%) HP
15 12 (0.67%) Tableau
16 11 (0.62%) Red Hat
16 11 (0.62%) Solace
16 11 (0.62%) Xamarin