Period
to 25 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 25 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 70 72 73
Rank change year-on-year +2 +1 -11
Contract jobs citing OO 3,411 3,101 3,164
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.32% 3.16% 2.99%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.85% 3.69% 3.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,373 2,310 2,341
UK median daily rate £494 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.78% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £310
90th Percentile £638 £638 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +7.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 75 55
UK median hourly rate £43.64 £45.00 £42.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.03% +6.51% +5.63%
10th Percentile £27.44 £32.50 £23.81
90th Percentile £50.00 £73.50 £55.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £45.00 £42.25
% change year-on-year -4.44% +6.51% +5.63%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,599 84,098 90,163
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.17% 85.60% 85.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,535 55,446 59,633
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.94%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,426 2,078 2,364
UK median hourly rate £20.55 £24.00 £22.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.38% +5.10% +4.22%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £24.00 £23.50
% change year-on-year -16.67% +2.13% +6.82%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing OO.

Contractor daily rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO.

Contractor hourly rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 3,144 £500 +5.26% 1,285
London -5 1,886 £525 +5.00% 441
UK excluding London +4 1,488 £425 +6.25% 968
South East +19 445 £475 +11.76% 201
North of England +14 325 £420 +5.00% 250
Midlands +21 194 £440 +25.71% 142
South West +22 179 £425 +21.43% 142
Scotland +1 178 £400 +5.26% 81
Yorkshire +19 167 £420 +5.00% 79
North West +7 126 £415 +3.75% 148
East of England -2 106 £475 +33.80% 113
West Midlands +15 103 £438 +34.62% 76
East Midlands +11 88 £450 +22.45% 66
Wales -3 50 £405 +0.62% 31
North East -22 32 £450 +18.42% 23
Northern Ireland -24 12 £468 +13.33% 12

For the 6 months to 25 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 1,906 (55.88%) Agile Software Development
2 1,562 (45.79%) Java
3 1,281 (37.55%) JavaScript
4 1,153 (33.80%) TDD
5 888 (26.03%) HTML
6 817 (23.95%) C#
7 772 (22.63%) Git (software)
8 746 (21.87%) Test Automation
9 742 (21.75%) OOP
10 732 (21.46%) SQL
11 729 (21.37%) CSS
12 718 (21.05%) Finance
13 713 (20.90%) .NET
14 613 (17.97%) Continuous Integration
15 598 (17.53%) Scrum
16 576 (16.89%) AngularJS
17 560 (16.42%) HTML5
18 532 (15.60%) Microservices
19 526 (15.42%) Amazon AWS
20 517 (15.16%) OOD
21 504 (14.78%) RESTful
22 500 (14.66%) MVC
23 481 (14.10%) Python
24 472 (13.84%) Software Engineering
25 469 (13.75%) Spring
26 461 (13.52%) Oracle
27 449 (13.16%) BDD
28 438 (12.84%) Relational Database
29 437 (12.81%) Jenkins
30 408 (11.96%) React

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 185 (5.42%) WebLogic
2 177 (5.19%) Confluence
3 175 (5.13%) WebSphere
4 160 (4.69%) Tomcat
5 136 (3.99%) Apache
6 121 (3.55%) OpenStack
7 99 (2.90%) CMS
8 95 (2.79%) Apache Spark
9 78 (2.29%) Elasticsearch
10 59 (1.73%) JBoss
11 49 (1.44%) WildFly
12 35 (1.03%) NServiceBus
13 34 (1.00%) Cloud Foundry
14 30 (0.88%) Drupal
15 26 (0.76%) Apache Solr
16 22 (0.64%) Commerce Server
16 22 (0.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 21 (0.62%) SharePoint
18 17 (0.50%) BizTalk Server
18 17 (0.50%) nginx
Applications
1 33 (0.97%) Photoshop
2 28 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
3 20 (0.59%) Microsoft Office
4 14 (0.41%) Spreadsheet
5 6 (0.18%) Maya
5 6 (0.18%) Windchill
6 4 (0.12%) Fireworks
7 3 (0.088%) Blender
8 2 (0.059%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.059%) Simulink
8 2 (0.059%) Snapchat
9 1 (0.029%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.029%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.029%) CATIA
9 1 (0.029%) InDesign
9 1 (0.029%) InVision
9 1 (0.029%) PTC Creo
9 1 (0.029%) Siemens NX
9 1 (0.029%) SOLIDWORKS
9 1 (0.029%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 62 (1.82%) Magento
2 29 (0.85%) Dynamics CRM
3 13 (0.38%) SAP Hybris
4 12 (0.35%) Endur
5 9 (0.26%) AquaLogic BPM
5 9 (0.26%) Oracle BPM
5 9 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
6 7 (0.21%) Markit EDM
7 5 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
8 4 (0.12%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 3 (0.088%) Global One
9 3 (0.088%) ION MarketView
9 3 (0.088%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 3 (0.088%) SAP PSCD
10 2 (0.059%) BASE24
10 2 (0.059%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
10 2 (0.059%) Remedy ITSM
10 2 (0.059%) SAP HCM
11 1 (0.029%) Odoo
11 1 (0.029%) SAP VC
Cloud Services
1 526 (15.42%) Amazon AWS
2 400 (11.73%) Microsoft Azure
3 178 (5.22%) GitHub
4 124 (3.64%) Serverless
5 58 (1.70%) Amazon EC2
6 42 (1.23%) AWS CloudFormation
6 42 (1.23%) AWS Lambda
7 40 (1.17%) Google Cloud Platform
8 36 (1.06%) SaaS
9 33 (0.97%) npm
10 31 (0.91%) Amazon Kinesis
11 30 (0.88%) Amazon EMR
12 27 (0.79%) PaaS
13 25 (0.73%) Heroku
14 17 (0.50%) Amazon S3
14 17 (0.50%) IaaS
15 16 (0.47%) Azure Functions
15 16 (0.47%) Dynamics 365
16 15 (0.44%) Cloud Computing
16 15 (0.44%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 166 (4.87%) HTTP
2 51 (1.50%) TCP/IP
3 42 (1.23%) SSL
4 41 (1.20%) DNS
5 30 (0.88%) Internet
6 22 (0.64%) HTTPS
7 19 (0.56%) AMQP
8 18 (0.53%) FTP
9 17 (0.50%) DHCP
10 16 (0.47%) IPsec
11 15 (0.44%) BIG-IP
12 12 (0.35%) SMTP
13 11 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
14 10 (0.29%) Firewall
14 10 (0.29%) Intranet
14 10 (0.29%) Network Security
15 9 (0.26%) Bluetooth
16 7 (0.21%) MQTT
17 5 (0.15%) DLNA
17 5 (0.15%) FIX Connectivity
Database & Business Intelligence
1 438 (12.84%) Relational Database
2 377 (11.05%) SQL Server
3 368 (10.79%) MySQL
4 358 (10.50%) NoSQL
5 250 (7.33%) PostgreSQL
6 157 (4.60%) RDBMS
7 145 (4.25%) MongoDB
8 107 (3.14%) Big Data
9 106 (3.11%) Hadoop
10 65 (1.91%) Apache Cassandra
11 53 (1.55%) Apache Hive
12 47 (1.38%) HBase
13 44 (1.29%) Oracle Database
13 44 (1.29%) Redis
14 38 (1.11%) Amazon RDS
15 35 (1.03%) BusinessObjects
15 35 (1.03%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 34 (1.00%) SQL Server 2012
16 34 (1.00%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 30 (0.88%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 772 (22.63%) Git (software)
2 437 (12.81%) Jenkins
3 371 (10.88%) Maven
4 304 (8.91%) JIRA
5 239 (7.01%) JUnit
6 199 (5.83%) Selenium
7 166 (4.87%) NUnit
8 146 (4.28%) MSTest
9 145 (4.25%) Subversion
10 121 (3.55%) Cucumber
10 121 (3.55%) TeamCity
11 119 (3.49%) Mockito
12 118 (3.46%) Jasmine
13 113 (3.31%) Team Foundation Server
14 108 (3.17%) Visual Studio
15 99 (2.90%) Eclipse
16 98 (2.87%) webpack
17 90 (2.64%) SonarQube
18 75 (2.20%) Vagrant
19 73 (2.14%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 718 (21.05%) Finance
2 256 (7.51%) Banking
3 148 (4.34%) Front Office
4 142 (4.16%) Retail
5 88 (2.58%) Investment Banking
6 80 (2.35%) Telecoms
7 55 (1.61%) Games
8 52 (1.52%) Marketing
9 46 (1.35%) Publishing
10 39 (1.14%) Manufacturing
11 35 (1.03%) Law
12 31 (0.91%) Financial Institution
13 29 (0.85%) Back Office
13 29 (0.85%) Electronics
14 25 (0.73%) Legal
15 16 (0.47%) Advertising
16 10 (0.29%) Prime Brokerage
17 9 (0.26%) Local Government
18 8 (0.23%) Aerospace
19 7 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,556 (74.93%) Developer
2 814 (23.86%) Java Developer
3 291 (8.53%) Senior Developer
4 277 (8.12%) .NET Developer
5 276 (8.09%) C# Developer
6 209 (6.13%) JavaScript Developer
7 208 (6.10%) Software Engineer
8 196 (5.75%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 175 (5.13%) React Developer
10 134 (3.93%) PHP Developer
11 133 (3.90%) Full Stack Developer
12 122 (3.58%) Python Developer
13 115 (3.37%) C# .NET Developer
14 102 (2.99%) Software Developer
15 101 (2.96%) Architect
16 99 (2.90%) C++ Developer
17 96 (2.81%) Angular Developer
17 96 (2.81%) Senior Java Developer
18 93 (2.73%) ASP.NET Developer
18 93 (2.73%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 888 (26.03%) HTML
2 729 (21.37%) CSS
3 713 (20.90%) .NET
4 576 (16.89%) AngularJS
5 560 (16.42%) HTML5
6 504 (14.78%) RESTful
7 469 (13.75%) Spring
8 408 (11.96%) React
9 381 (11.17%) Web Services
10 377 (11.05%) REST
11 341 (10.00%) jQuery
12 316 (9.26%) CSS3
13 302 (8.85%) Hibernate
14 300 (8.80%) Node.js
15 292 (8.56%) ASP.NET
16 268 (7.86%) XML
17 248 (7.27%) JSON
18 222 (6.51%) Redux
19 210 (6.16%) SOAP
20 208 (6.10%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 283 (8.30%) Computer Science
2 271 (7.94%) Analytical Skills
3 270 (7.92%) User Experience
4 264 (7.74%) Greenfield Project
5 220 (6.45%) Data Structures
6 203 (5.95%) Algorithms
7 147 (4.31%) Mobile App
8 121 (3.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 119 (3.49%) Derivative
10 94 (2.76%) Self-Motivation
11 91 (2.67%) Fintech
11 91 (2.67%) Linux Command Line
12 86 (2.52%) Fixed Income
13 47 (1.38%) Equities
14 39 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
14 39 (1.14%) iPhone
15 30 (0.88%) Market Risk
16 28 (0.82%) Public Cloud
17 27 (0.79%) iPad
18 25 (0.73%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 403 (11.81%) Linux
2 350 (10.26%) Unix
3 159 (4.66%) Windows
4 123 (3.61%) Apple iOS
5 116 (3.40%) Android
6 57 (1.67%) VMS
7 28 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 22 (0.64%) Solaris
9 15 (0.44%) CentOS
10 13 (0.38%) Mac OS X
11 12 (0.35%) SUSE
11 12 (0.35%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 10 (0.29%) Mac OS
12 10 (0.29%) Ubuntu
13 9 (0.26%) Windows Server
14 6 (0.18%) VME
15 5 (0.15%) AIX
15 5 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
16 4 (0.12%) Windows 7
16 4 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,906 (55.88%) Agile Software Development
2 1,153 (33.80%) TDD
3 746 (21.87%) Test Automation
4 742 (21.75%) OOP
5 613 (17.97%) Continuous Integration
6 598 (17.53%) Scrum
7 532 (15.60%) Microservices
8 517 (15.16%) OOD
9 500 (14.66%) MVC
10 472 (13.84%) Software Engineering
11 449 (13.16%) BDD
12 378 (11.08%) Problem-Solving
13 330 (9.67%) DevOps
14 310 (9.09%) Unit Testing
15 273 (8.00%) Front End Development
16 261 (7.65%) Open Source
17 247 (7.24%) Multithreading
18 246 (7.21%) SOLID
19 232 (6.80%) SOA
20 227 (6.65%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,562 (45.79%) Java
2 1,281 (37.55%) JavaScript
3 817 (23.95%) C#
4 732 (21.46%) SQL
5 481 (14.10%) Python
6 377 (11.05%) C++
7 304 (8.91%) PHP
8 290 (8.50%) Java 8
9 176 (5.16%) ES6
10 144 (4.22%) TypeScript
11 139 (4.08%) Scala
12 124 (3.64%) Shell Script
13 122 (3.58%) Perl
14 93 (2.73%) Apple Swift
15 88 (2.58%) PL/SQL
16 81 (2.37%) Ruby
17 79 (2.32%) C
18 64 (1.88%) Objective-C
19 58 (1.70%) T-SQL
20 56 (1.64%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 318 (9.32%) Degree
2 234 (6.86%) Security Cleared
3 189 (5.54%) SC Cleared
4 126 (3.69%) Computer Science Degree
5 23 (0.67%) DV Cleared
6 22 (0.64%) Master's Degree
7 21 (0.62%) Numerate Degree
8 15 (0.44%) ISTQB
9 14 (0.41%) BPSS Clearance
10 11 (0.32%) PhD
11 9 (0.26%) ISEB
12 5 (0.15%) AWS Certification
12 5 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 3 (0.088%) BC Cleared
13 3 (0.088%) CTC Cleared
13 3 (0.088%) Microsoft Certification
14 2 (0.059%) CCSA
14 2 (0.059%) HPE ATP
15 1 (0.029%) SANS
15 1 (0.029%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 131 (3.84%) QA
2 12 (0.35%) Data Quality
2 12 (0.35%) PCI DSS
3 8 (0.23%) WCAG
4 7 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
5 5 (0.15%) SLA
6 3 (0.088%) PMO
6 3 (0.088%) PSD2
7 2 (0.059%) EMIR
7 2 (0.059%) GDPR
7 2 (0.059%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.059%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.059%) MiFID
7 2 (0.059%) WAI
8 1 (0.029%) DO-160
8 1 (0.029%) ECSS
8 1 (0.029%) IFRS
8 1 (0.029%) IFRS 9
8 1 (0.029%) MIL-STD-1553
System Software
1 246 (7.21%) Docker
2 41 (1.20%) Virtual Machines
3 21 (0.62%) HDFS
4 16 (0.47%) Active Directory
5 14 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 9 (0.26%) VMware Infrastructure
6 9 (0.26%) vSphere
7 7 (0.21%) Firmware
8 1 (0.029%) Shibboleth
8 1 (0.029%) Squid
Systems Management
1 227 (6.65%) Puppet
2 216 (6.33%) Ansible
2 216 (6.33%) Opscode Chef
3 133 (3.90%) Kubernetes
4 64 (1.88%) Terraform
5 18 (0.53%) Amdocs OSS
6 12 (0.35%) CFEngine
7 11 (0.32%) HP Operations Orchestration
7 11 (0.32%) Salt
8 10 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
9 8 (0.23%) Control-M
9 8 (0.23%) HockeyApp
10 5 (0.15%) Packer
10 5 (0.15%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 3 (0.088%) Capistrano
11 3 (0.088%) ITRS Geneos
11 3 (0.088%) Kibana
11 3 (0.088%) logstash
11 3 (0.088%) Mesos
12 2 (0.059%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 461 (13.52%) Oracle
2 263 (7.71%) Microsoft
3 78 (2.29%) SAP
4 63 (1.85%) Sybase
5 62 (1.82%) Google
6 54 (1.58%) Zend
7 50 (1.47%) Adobe
8 46 (1.35%) Red Hat
9 42 (1.23%) Twitter
10 38 (1.11%) Atlassian
11 34 (1.00%) BEA
12 29 (0.85%) Informatica
13 28 (0.82%) Perforce
14 26 (0.76%) MapR
15 25 (0.73%) webMethods
16 24 (0.70%) IBM
17 23 (0.67%) Pega
18 22 (0.64%) Salesforce.com
18 22 (0.64%) TIBCO
19 21 (0.62%) HP