Period
to 19 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 19 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
19 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 75 73 63
Rank change year-on-year -2 -10 -5
Contract jobs citing OO 3,116 2,806 3,382
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.08% 3.03% 3.17%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.60% 3.59% 3.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,290 1,948 2,434
UK median daily rate £475 £444 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.04% +4.41% +6.25%
10th Percentile £350 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £620 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 44 56 93
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £41.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.43% -2.35% +6.25%
10th Percentile £35.55 £32.50 £33.15
90th Percentile £53.75 £58.75 £50.78
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.00 £41.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +6.02% -2.35% +8.97%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,568 78,196 89,330
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.62% 84.38% 83.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,177 51,470 58,297
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £299 £270 £263
90th Percentile £638 £620 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £400 £395
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.27% +5.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,215 2,127 2,465
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £25.00 £24.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.00% +0.60% +23.11%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.39 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.25 £51.25 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.33 £25.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year -14.70% - +15.93%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing OO.

Contractor daily rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 19 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO.

Contractor hourly rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 19 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 19 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 2,872 £500 +11.11% 1,377
London +1 1,788 £525 +10.53% 531
UK excluding London -13 1,292 £425 +6.25% 935
South East -13 362 £475 +11.76% 245
North of England -16 320 £400 +5.26% 210
Yorkshire +17 196 £400 +5.26% 67
Midlands +26 182 £425 +15.65% 151
East of England -25 132 £450 +12.50% 134
Scotland -18 131 £385 +7.69% 55
North West -50 108 £375 - 117
South West +8 100 £400 -1.54% 106
East Midlands +6 94 £450 +22.45% 57
West Midlands +21 89 £398 +7.43% 94
Northern Ireland +9 55 £475 +15.85% 18
Wales -20 37 £403 -3.30% 14
North East -16 16 £360 -12.73% 26

For the 6 months to 19 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 1,759 (56.45%) Agile Software Development
2 1,419 (45.54%) Java
3 1,141 (36.62%) JavaScript
4 1,024 (32.86%) TDD
5 794 (25.48%) HTML
6 762 (24.45%) C#
7 668 (21.44%) Git (software)
8 643 (20.64%) CSS
9 640 (20.54%) Finance
10 628 (20.15%) OOP
11 622 (19.96%) .NET
12 620 (19.90%) SQL
13 594 (19.06%) Test Automation
14 541 (17.36%) Continuous Integration
15 530 (17.01%) Spring
16 527 (16.91%) Scrum
17 525 (16.85%) RESTful
18 473 (15.18%) AngularJS
19 463 (14.86%) Amazon AWS
19 463 (14.86%) OOD
20 447 (14.35%) HTML5
21 434 (13.93%) Relational Database
22 429 (13.77%) Linux
23 426 (13.67%) SQL Server
24 417 (13.38%) MVC
25 414 (13.29%) Jenkins
26 411 (13.19%) Oracle
27 409 (13.13%) React
28 408 (13.09%) Python
29 403 (12.93%) Microservices

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 167 (5.36%) Tomcat
2 148 (4.75%) WebSphere
3 141 (4.53%) Confluence
3 141 (4.53%) WebLogic
4 103 (3.31%) OpenStack
5 84 (2.70%) Apache
6 64 (2.05%) JBoss
7 61 (1.96%) CMS
8 55 (1.77%) Elasticsearch
9 45 (1.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 39 (1.25%) Apache Spark
10 39 (1.25%) WildFly
11 35 (1.12%) Drupal
12 32 (1.03%) NServiceBus
13 26 (0.83%) Apache Solr
14 24 (0.77%) BizTalk Server
14 24 (0.77%) Cloud Foundry
15 20 (0.64%) nginx
16 19 (0.61%) Apache ServiceMix
16 19 (0.61%) IIS
Applications
1 30 (0.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.39%) Photoshop
3 9 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.16%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.13%) SPSS
6 3 (0.096%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.064%) Blender
7 2 (0.064%) CATIA
7 2 (0.064%) Maya
7 2 (0.064%) Pipeline Pilot
7 2 (0.064%) PTC Creo
7 2 (0.064%) Siemens NX
7 2 (0.064%) SOLIDWORKS
7 2 (0.064%) Windchill
8 1 (0.032%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.032%) InVision
8 1 (0.032%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.032%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 45 (1.44%) Magento
2 7 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
3 6 (0.19%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 6 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 4 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.13%) Global One
4 4 (0.13%) Markit EDM
5 3 (0.096%) ION MarketView
5 3 (0.096%) SAP SRM
6 2 (0.064%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.064%) ENOVIA
6 2 (0.064%) SAP S/4HANA
6 2 (0.064%) Teamcenter
7 1 (0.032%) Actimize
7 1 (0.032%) Endur
7 1 (0.032%) FINCAD Analytics
7 1 (0.032%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.032%) Oracle SCM
7 1 (0.032%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 463 (14.86%) Amazon AWS
2 300 (9.63%) Microsoft Azure
3 102 (3.27%) GitHub
4 68 (2.18%) Serverless
5 40 (1.28%) npm
6 34 (1.09%) PaaS
7 33 (1.06%) Google Analytics
8 31 (0.99%) IaaS
9 26 (0.83%) Amazon EC2
10 25 (0.80%) Google Cloud Platform
11 24 (0.77%) Heroku
12 22 (0.71%) Force.com
13 16 (0.51%) SaaS
14 15 (0.48%) AWS Lambda
15 13 (0.42%) Amazon S3
15 13 (0.42%) AWS CloudFormation
15 13 (0.42%) Yarn
16 10 (0.32%) Amazon Kinesis
16 10 (0.32%) OpenShift
16 10 (0.32%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 114 (3.66%) HTTP
2 64 (2.05%) TCP/IP
3 44 (1.41%) DNS
4 43 (1.38%) FTP
5 39 (1.25%) SSL
6 37 (1.19%) DHCP
7 26 (0.83%) IPsec
8 24 (0.77%) Internet
9 20 (0.64%) SMTP
10 12 (0.39%) LTE
11 11 (0.35%) HTTPS
12 9 (0.29%) Wi-Fi
13 7 (0.22%) Asterisk PBX
13 7 (0.22%) IMAP
13 7 (0.22%) MGW
13 7 (0.22%) RANAP
13 7 (0.22%) RTP
13 7 (0.22%) SGSN
13 7 (0.22%) UMTS
13 7 (0.22%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 434 (13.93%) Relational Database
2 426 (13.67%) SQL Server
3 333 (10.69%) NoSQL
4 278 (8.92%) MySQL
5 235 (7.54%) RDBMS
6 211 (6.77%) PostgreSQL
7 146 (4.69%) MongoDB
8 67 (2.15%) Oracle Database
9 62 (1.99%) SQL Server 2014
10 58 (1.86%) Big Data
11 51 (1.64%) SQL Server 2012
12 49 (1.57%) DB2
13 46 (1.48%) SQL Server 2016
14 43 (1.38%) Hadoop
15 34 (1.09%) Apache Cassandra
16 33 (1.06%) Data Warehouse
16 33 (1.06%) SQL Server 2008
16 33 (1.06%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 28 (0.90%) Redis
18 27 (0.87%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 668 (21.44%) Git (software)
2 414 (13.29%) Jenkins
3 347 (11.14%) Maven
4 299 (9.60%) JUnit
5 246 (7.89%) JIRA
6 181 (5.81%) NUnit
7 159 (5.10%) Subversion
8 136 (4.36%) Selenium
9 133 (4.27%) Cucumber
10 118 (3.79%) Mockito
11 116 (3.72%) SonarQube
12 109 (3.50%) MSTest
13 97 (3.11%) Gradle
14 90 (2.89%) Eclipse
15 88 (2.82%) TeamCity
16 72 (2.31%) webpack
17 71 (2.28%) Mercurial
18 70 (2.25%) Team Foundation Server
19 65 (2.09%) Visual Studio
20 62 (1.99%) Jasmine
General
1 640 (20.54%) Finance
2 259 (8.31%) Banking
3 225 (7.22%) Front Office
4 109 (3.50%) Retail
5 93 (2.98%) Investment Banking
6 57 (1.83%) Marketing
7 48 (1.54%) Games
8 46 (1.48%) Telecoms
9 43 (1.38%) Financial Institution
10 40 (1.28%) Publishing
11 32 (1.03%) Retail Banking
12 31 (0.99%) Advertising
13 25 (0.80%) Manufacturing
14 23 (0.74%) Multimedia
15 22 (0.71%) Electronics
16 19 (0.61%) Back Office
17 8 (0.26%) Law
18 5 (0.16%) Legal
18 5 (0.16%) Pharmaceutical
19 2 (0.064%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 2,340 (75.10%) Developer
2 738 (23.68%) Java Developer
3 321 (10.30%) Senior Developer
4 298 (9.56%) C# Developer
5 261 (8.38%) .NET Developer
6 217 (6.96%) JavaScript Developer
7 160 (5.13%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 156 (5.01%) Senior Java Developer
9 134 (4.30%) Software Engineer
10 132 (4.24%) React Developer
11 122 (3.92%) Architect
12 117 (3.75%) Full Stack Developer
13 103 (3.31%) Angular Developer
14 101 (3.24%) C++ Developer
15 99 (3.18%) PHP Developer
16 98 (3.15%) Python Developer
17 92 (2.95%) C# .NET Developer
18 87 (2.79%) Front Office Developer
19 80 (2.57%) Agile Developer
20 73 (2.34%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 794 (25.48%) HTML
2 643 (20.64%) CSS
3 622 (19.96%) .NET
4 530 (17.01%) Spring
5 525 (16.85%) RESTful
6 473 (15.18%) AngularJS
7 447 (14.35%) HTML5
8 409 (13.13%) React
9 399 (12.80%) REST
10 398 (12.77%) Web Services
11 322 (10.33%) JSON
12 320 (10.27%) jQuery
13 301 (9.66%) XML
14 295 (9.47%) Hibernate
15 279 (8.95%) CSS3
16 274 (8.79%) Node.js
17 230 (7.38%) ASP.NET
18 227 (7.28%) SOAP
19 169 (5.42%) Spring Boot
20 166 (5.33%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 255 (8.18%) Greenfield Project
2 230 (7.38%) Analytical Skills
3 225 (7.22%) Computer Science
4 214 (6.87%) Algorithms
5 198 (6.35%) Data Structures
6 186 (5.97%) User Experience
7 108 (3.47%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 105 (3.37%) Mobile App
9 78 (2.50%) Derivative
10 72 (2.31%) Linux Command Line
11 71 (2.28%) Self-Motivation
12 62 (1.99%) Enterprise Software
13 56 (1.80%) Fintech
14 53 (1.70%) Equities
15 43 (1.38%) Fixed Income
16 40 (1.28%) iPad
17 36 (1.16%) Virtual Team
18 29 (0.93%) iPhone
19 28 (0.90%) Credit Derivative
19 28 (0.90%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 429 (13.77%) Linux
2 314 (10.08%) Unix
3 137 (4.40%) Windows
4 104 (3.34%) Android
5 90 (2.89%) Apple iOS
6 40 (1.28%) VMS
7 32 (1.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 22 (0.71%) CentOS
9 13 (0.42%) Windows Server
10 9 (0.29%) Mac OS X
11 8 (0.26%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.16%) Embedded Linux
12 5 (0.16%) Mac OS
12 5 (0.16%) Solaris
12 5 (0.16%) Windows 10
12 5 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
13 4 (0.13%) AIX
13 4 (0.13%) Windows 7
13 4 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
14 2 (0.064%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,759 (56.45%) Agile Software Development
2 1,024 (32.86%) TDD
3 628 (20.15%) OOP
4 594 (19.06%) Test Automation
5 541 (17.36%) Continuous Integration
6 527 (16.91%) Scrum
7 463 (14.86%) OOD
8 417 (13.38%) MVC
9 403 (12.93%) Microservices
10 369 (11.84%) BDD
11 343 (11.01%) Software Engineering
12 341 (10.94%) Problem-Solving
13 299 (9.60%) DevOps
14 283 (9.08%) Unit Testing
15 276 (8.86%) Front End Development
16 275 (8.83%) Multithreading
17 238 (7.64%) SOLID
18 226 (7.25%) E-Commerce
19 218 (7.00%) SOA
20 206 (6.61%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1,419 (45.54%) Java
2 1,141 (36.62%) JavaScript
3 762 (24.45%) C#
4 620 (19.90%) SQL
5 408 (13.09%) Python
6 327 (10.49%) C++
7 297 (9.53%) Java 8
8 190 (6.10%) PHP
9 126 (4.04%) Perl
10 113 (3.63%) Ruby
11 111 (3.56%) Scala
12 103 (3.31%) ES6
13 74 (2.37%) T-SQL
14 71 (2.28%) C
15 68 (2.18%) Shell Script
16 67 (2.15%) TypeScript
17 57 (1.83%) VB.NET
18 55 (1.77%) JPQL
19 53 (1.70%) Objective-C
20 52 (1.67%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 279 (8.95%) Degree
2 151 (4.85%) Security Cleared
3 111 (3.56%) SC Cleared
4 77 (2.47%) Computer Science Degree
5 52 (1.67%) PhD
6 29 (0.93%) Master's Degree
7 24 (0.77%) DV Cleared
8 21 (0.67%) Numerate Degree
9 7 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
10 6 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
11 5 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
11 5 (0.16%) ISTQB
12 3 (0.096%) MCAD
12 3 (0.096%) MCSD
12 3 (0.096%) MCTS
12 3 (0.096%) Oracle Certification
13 2 (0.064%) AWS Certification
13 2 (0.064%) ISEB
13 2 (0.064%) OCA
14 1 (0.032%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 111 (3.56%) QA
2 23 (0.74%) EMIR
3 21 (0.67%) PCI DSS
4 20 (0.64%) MiFID
5 14 (0.45%) GCP
6 11 (0.35%) Data Quality
6 11 (0.35%) Dodd-Frank
7 9 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
8 8 (0.26%) WCAG
9 5 (0.16%) SLA
10 4 (0.13%) GDPR
11 3 (0.096%) PMO
12 2 (0.064%) WAI
13 1 (0.032%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 1 (0.032%) BS7666
13 1 (0.032%) CDISC
13 1 (0.032%) DO-178B
13 1 (0.032%) GxP
13 1 (0.032%) HL7
13 1 (0.032%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 232 (7.45%) Docker
2 37 (1.19%) Virtual Machines
3 28 (0.90%) Active Directory
4 12 (0.39%) VMware Infrastructure
5 10 (0.32%) vSphere
6 8 (0.26%) HDFS
7 7 (0.22%) Apache Flume
7 7 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.096%) GeoWebCache
9 2 (0.064%) Sendmail
10 1 (0.032%) Firmware
10 1 (0.032%) KVM
10 1 (0.032%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 209 (6.71%) Puppet
2 202 (6.48%) Ansible
3 198 (6.35%) Opscode Chef
4 78 (2.50%) Kubernetes
5 30 (0.96%) Terraform
6 21 (0.67%) Salt
7 17 (0.55%) Single Sign-On
8 9 (0.29%) Control-M
9 7 (0.22%) Kibana
9 7 (0.22%) logstash
10 6 (0.19%) HP ALM
11 4 (0.13%) Forum Sentry
11 4 (0.13%) Nagios
12 3 (0.096%) Capistrano
12 3 (0.096%) Docker Swarm
12 3 (0.096%) HP Operations Orchestration
12 3 (0.096%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
13 2 (0.064%) BladeLogic
13 2 (0.064%) HP Quality Center
13 2 (0.064%) Netcool
Vendors
1 411 (13.19%) Oracle
2 143 (4.59%) Microsoft
3 82 (2.63%) Google
4 64 (2.05%) Red Hat
5 62 (1.99%) Sybase
6 57 (1.83%) SAP
7 52 (1.67%) Salesforce.com
8 45 (1.44%) Perforce
9 37 (1.19%) Zend
10 30 (0.96%) Adobe
10 30 (0.96%) Atlassian
11 27 (0.87%) TIBCO
12 26 (0.83%) Twitter
13 25 (0.80%) Capita
13 25 (0.80%) Reuters
14 23 (0.74%) hybris
15 20 (0.64%) IBM
16 19 (0.61%) Informatica
16 19 (0.61%) MapR
17 18 (0.58%) Apple