Period
to 25 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 142 146 119
Rank change year-on-year +4 -27 -40
Contract jobs citing OO 1,606 594 1,774
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.89% 1.87% 2.10%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.12% 2.14% 2.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,095 382 1,242
10th Percentile £372 £313 £330
25th Percentile £438 £385 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £530 £475 £500
Median % change year-on-year +11.58% -5.00% -
75th Percentile £650 £575 £600
90th Percentile £775 £656 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £405 £425
% change year-on-year +11.11% -4.71% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 9 33
10th Percentile £40.26 £39.58 £31.13
25th Percentile £41.25 £42.00 £41.25
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year -3.23% +3.33% +4.65%
75th Percentile £51.63 £53.75 £55.00
90th Percentile £55.00 £55.00 £57.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £48.12 £45.00
% change year-on-year -6.47% +6.92% +4.65%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 75,601 27,733 73,517
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.12% 87.08% 87.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,617 18,810 49,307
10th Percentile £320 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.89% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £663 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £440 £438
% change year-on-year +5.11% +0.57% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,703 800 2,172
10th Percentile £12.23 £11.61 £11.80
25th Percentile £14.65 £15.25 £14.90
Median hourly rate £24.79 £25.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -0.84% +11.11% +12.50%
75th Percentile £49.50 £45.00 £45.00
90th Percentile £64.00 £57.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.51 £22.50 £21.50
% change year-on-year -8.84% +4.65% +11.69%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing OO.

Daily rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing OO.

Hourly rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 1,325 £550 +15.79% 691
London -24 746 £613 +16.67% 286
UK excluding London +17 582 £450 +11.11% 472
Work from Home -30 406 £510 +7.37% 170
South East +3 143 £450 - 104
Midlands -13 121 £450 +17.49% 85
West Midlands -3 99 £450 +11.80% 58
North of England -29 88 £400 -3.32% 125
East of England -10 84 £580 +78.46% 44
North West -6 67 £400 +6.67% 76
Scotland -26 63 £450 +17.65% 45
South West -25 44 £490 +16.67% 41
Wales -3 37 £509 +103.40% 21
East Midlands -44 21 £325 -0.76% 27
Yorkshire -41 16 £400 +14.29% 35
North East -11 5 £400 -15.79% 14
Northern Ireland -3 2 - - 8

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 845 (52.62%) Agile Software Development
2 618 (38.48%) Java
3 554 (34.50%) SQL
4 485 (30.20%) OOP
5 422 (26.28%) Social Skills
6 414 (25.78%) JavaScript
7 400 (24.91%) Git (software)
8 387 (24.10%) C#
9 365 (22.73%) Python
10 358 (22.29%) .NET
11 356 (22.17%) Software Engineering
12 332 (20.67%) OOD
13 323 (20.11%) DevOps
14 320 (19.93%) TDD
15 297 (18.49%) Azure
16 287 (17.87%) Scrum
17 282 (17.56%) Microservices
18 274 (17.06%) Problem-Solving
19 265 (16.50%) Finance
20 264 (16.44%) SQL Server
21 260 (16.19%) HTML
21 260 (16.19%) AWS
22 245 (15.26%) Oracle
23 233 (14.51%) Linux
24 225 (14.01%) CSS
24 225 (14.01%) Spring
25 222 (13.82%) Jenkins
26 214 (13.33%) C++
27 211 (13.14%) Test Automation
28 198 (12.33%) React

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 83 (5.17%) WebLogic
2 78 (4.86%) Confluence
3 65 (4.05%) Apache Spark
4 41 (2.55%) Apache
5 29 (1.81%) JBoss
6 28 (1.74%) Apache Airflow
7 27 (1.68%) Luigi
8 26 (1.62%) Elasticsearch
9 24 (1.49%) SharePoint
10 23 (1.43%) Red Hat Fuse
11 19 (1.18%) CMS
11 19 (1.18%) Tomcat
12 18 (1.12%) DataSynapse
12 18 (1.12%) Mule
12 18 (1.12%) WebSphere
13 9 (0.56%) IIS
13 9 (0.56%) Umbraco
14 8 (0.50%) EPiServer
15 7 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
15 7 (0.44%) Moodle
Applications
1 26 (1.62%) Simulink
2 19 (1.18%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.37%) Photoshop
5 4 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.062%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.062%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.062%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.062%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 11 (0.68%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.56%) Magento
3 7 (0.44%) SAP Hybris
3 7 (0.44%) SAP S/4HANA
3 7 (0.44%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 4 (0.25%) ION MarketView
4 4 (0.25%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 3 (0.19%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.062%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.062%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 1 (0.062%) SAP GTS
7 1 (0.062%) SAP HCM
7 1 (0.062%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 297 (18.49%) Azure
2 260 (16.19%) AWS
3 97 (6.04%) Serverless
4 65 (4.05%) GitHub
5 63 (3.92%) SaaS
6 54 (3.36%) GCP
7 50 (3.11%) AWS CloudFormation
8 49 (3.05%) Amazon EKS
9 44 (2.74%) AWS Lambda
10 40 (2.49%) Amazon ECS
11 39 (2.43%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 35 (2.18%) Azure Functions
12 35 (2.18%) PaaS
13 29 (1.81%) Amazon S3
14 27 (1.68%) Amazon EC2
15 24 (1.49%) Power Platform
16 21 (1.31%) npm
17 20 (1.25%) Azure Service Bus
18 19 (1.18%) IaaS
19 15 (0.93%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 27 (1.68%) HTTP
2 24 (1.49%) TCP/IP
3 19 (1.18%) SNMP
4 18 (1.12%) VoIP
5 15 (0.93%) Firewall
6 9 (0.56%) Internet
7 7 (0.44%) DNS
7 7 (0.44%) VPN
8 6 (0.37%) SSL
9 4 (0.25%) IPsec
9 4 (0.25%) IPv4
9 4 (0.25%) OpenVPN
9 4 (0.25%) SSH
10 3 (0.19%) Multicast
11 2 (0.12%) 4G
11 2 (0.12%) DLNA
11 2 (0.12%) Reverse Proxy
11 2 (0.12%) UPnP
11 2 (0.12%) Wi-Fi
11 2 (0.12%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 264 (16.44%) SQL Server
2 165 (10.27%) Relational Database
3 128 (7.97%) MySQL
4 125 (7.78%) NoSQL
5 63 (3.92%) Big Data
6 59 (3.67%) BusinessObjects
6 59 (3.67%) PostgreSQL
7 56 (3.49%) Apache Cassandra
8 54 (3.36%) Data Warehouse
9 52 (3.24%) Hadoop
10 49 (3.05%) MongoDB
11 40 (2.49%) Oracle Database
12 36 (2.24%) Redis
13 29 (1.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 27 (1.68%) Azkaban
14 27 (1.68%) RDBMS
15 24 (1.49%) Azure SQL Database
15 24 (1.49%) Spark SQL
16 21 (1.31%) Data Lake
16 21 (1.31%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 400 (24.91%) Git (software)
2 222 (13.82%) Jenkins
3 184 (11.46%) JIRA
4 157 (9.78%) Maven
5 67 (4.17%) Subversion
6 60 (3.74%) Visual Studio
7 58 (3.61%) JUnit
8 52 (3.24%) GitLab
9 36 (2.24%) Artifactory
9 36 (2.24%) webpack
10 34 (2.12%) TeamCity
11 31 (1.93%) Bitbucket
11 31 (1.93%) Rational DOORS
12 27 (1.68%) Cucumber
13 26 (1.62%) CA Gen
14 24 (1.49%) Rational Rhapsody
15 23 (1.43%) Mockito
16 22 (1.37%) Jasmine
17 21 (1.31%) jMock
18 20 (1.25%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 422 (26.28%) Social Skills
2 265 (16.50%) Finance
3 197 (12.27%) Banking
4 163 (10.15%) Analytical Skills
5 101 (6.29%) Front Office
6 93 (5.79%) Public Sector
7 84 (5.23%) Investment Banking
8 61 (3.80%) Presentation Skills
9 47 (2.93%) Games
10 31 (1.93%) Marketing
11 24 (1.49%) Documentation Skills
12 22 (1.37%) Retail
13 18 (1.12%) Law
13 18 (1.12%) Military
14 13 (0.81%) Financial Institution
14 13 (0.81%) Telecoms
15 11 (0.68%) Organisational Skills
16 9 (0.56%) Automotive
17 8 (0.50%) Advertising
18 7 (0.44%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 965 (60.09%) Developer
2 245 (15.26%) Java Developer
3 141 (8.78%) C# Developer
4 136 (8.47%) Software Engineer
5 132 (8.22%) Senior Developer
6 123 (7.66%) .NET Developer
7 111 (6.91%) Architect
8 84 (5.23%) Full Stack Developer
9 79 (4.92%) Data Engineer
10 75 (4.67%) Python Developer
11 64 (3.99%) C++ Developer
12 62 (3.86%) React Developer
13 52 (3.24%) Software Developer
14 51 (3.18%) Senior Java Developer
15 50 (3.11%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 46 (2.86%) DevOps Engineer
16 46 (2.86%) PHP Developer
17 44 (2.74%) Analyst
17 44 (2.74%) C# .NET Developer
18 39 (2.43%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 358 (22.29%) .NET
2 260 (16.19%) HTML
3 225 (14.01%) CSS
3 225 (14.01%) Spring
4 198 (12.33%) React
5 197 (12.27%) REST
5 197 (12.27%) RESTful
6 177 (11.02%) AngularJS
7 172 (10.71%) Web Services
8 153 (9.53%) Spring Boot
9 136 (8.47%) JSON
9 136 (8.47%) XML
10 122 (7.60%) Kafka
11 115 (7.16%) .NET Framework
12 111 (6.91%) HTML5
13 96 (5.98%) ASP.NET
14 90 (5.60%) J2EE
15 88 (5.48%) Node.js
16 81 (5.04%) .NET Core
17 75 (4.67%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 111 (6.91%) Data Structures
2 95 (5.92%) Algorithms
3 78 (4.86%) User Experience
4 73 (4.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 57 (3.55%) Derivative
6 53 (3.30%) Enterprise Software
7 52 (3.24%) Greenfield Project
7 52 (3.24%) Self-Motivation
8 44 (2.74%) Cloud Native
9 31 (1.93%) Fixed Income
10 23 (1.43%) Mobile App
11 22 (1.37%) Management Information System
11 22 (1.37%) Virtual Team
12 19 (1.18%) Data Centre
12 19 (1.18%) Wiki
13 16 (1.00%) Credit Derivative
14 15 (0.93%) Credit Risk
14 15 (0.93%) Data Protection Act
14 15 (0.93%) Linux Command Line
15 12 (0.75%) Driving Licence
Operating Systems
1 233 (14.51%) Linux
2 158 (9.84%) Unix
3 150 (9.34%) Windows
4 23 (1.43%) Apple iOS
5 22 (1.37%) Android
6 13 (0.81%) AIX
7 9 (0.56%) HPUX
7 9 (0.56%) OpenVMS
7 9 (0.56%) Solaris
8 7 (0.44%) Windows Server 2016
9 6 (0.37%) Windows Server
10 5 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
11 4 (0.25%) Embedded Linux
11 4 (0.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 2 (0.12%) CentOS
12 2 (0.12%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2019
13 1 (0.062%) Debian
13 1 (0.062%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 845 (52.62%) Agile Software Development
2 485 (30.20%) OOP
3 356 (22.17%) Software Engineering
4 332 (20.67%) OOD
5 323 (20.11%) DevOps
6 320 (19.93%) TDD
7 287 (17.87%) Scrum
8 282 (17.56%) Microservices
9 274 (17.06%) Problem-Solving
10 211 (13.14%) Test Automation
11 192 (11.96%) Data Modelling
12 182 (11.33%) Continuous Integration
13 159 (9.90%) Full Stack Development
14 154 (9.59%) Configuration Management
15 151 (9.40%) MVC
16 145 (9.03%) Process Improvement
17 141 (8.78%) Computer Science
18 136 (8.47%) BDD
19 132 (8.22%) Test Strategy
20 126 (7.85%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 618 (38.48%) Java
2 554 (34.50%) SQL
3 414 (25.78%) JavaScript
4 387 (24.10%) C#
5 365 (22.73%) Python
6 214 (13.33%) C++
7 161 (10.02%) TypeScript
8 123 (7.66%) Java 8
9 101 (6.29%) PL/SQL
10 100 (6.23%) Scala
11 95 (5.92%) Shell Script
12 87 (5.42%) PHP
13 80 (4.98%) Go
14 73 (4.55%) C
15 52 (3.24%) T-SQL
16 44 (2.74%) Perl
17 38 (2.37%) Groovy
18 37 (2.30%) ABAP
18 37 (2.30%) ES6
19 36 (2.24%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 164 (10.21%) Degree
2 151 (9.40%) Security Cleared
3 133 (8.28%) SC Cleared
4 69 (4.30%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (1.31%) Master's Degree
6 19 (1.18%) BPSS Clearance
7 13 (0.81%) Numerate Degree
8 9 (0.56%) ITIL Certification
9 6 (0.37%) AWS Certification
9 6 (0.37%) ISEB
10 5 (0.31%) DV Cleared
11 4 (0.25%) ISTQB
11 4 (0.25%) TOGAF Certification
12 3 (0.19%) CISSP
13 2 (0.12%) HND
13 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
14 1 (0.062%) DBS Check
14 1 (0.062%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 1 (0.062%) PhD
14 1 (0.062%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 59 (3.67%) QA
2 49 (3.05%) Accessibility
3 5 (0.31%) ISO 20022
3 5 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 5 (0.31%) NIST
4 4 (0.25%) NIST 800
5 3 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.19%) ISO 15022
5 3 (0.19%) WCAG
6 2 (0.12%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.12%) GDPR
6 2 (0.12%) NCSC
6 2 (0.12%) RMADS
7 1 (0.062%) CRD IV
7 1 (0.062%) DO-178B
7 1 (0.062%) EMIR
7 1 (0.062%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.062%) MISRA
7 1 (0.062%) MISRA C
7 1 (0.062%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 187 (11.64%) Docker
2 9 (0.56%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.44%) Varnish
3 7 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
4 5 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 4 (0.25%) HDFS
5 4 (0.25%) iptables
5 4 (0.25%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
5 4 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.19%) vSphere
7 2 (0.12%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 123 (7.66%) Kubernetes
2 107 (6.66%) Ansible
3 87 (5.42%) Terraform
4 23 (1.43%) Docker Swarm
5 12 (0.75%) Puppet
6 10 (0.62%) Opscode Chef
7 9 (0.56%) Grafana
8 7 (0.44%) Prometheus
9 5 (0.31%) Oracle RMAN
10 4 (0.25%) Istio
10 4 (0.25%) Sysdig
10 4 (0.25%) Tivoli
11 3 (0.19%) Fortio
11 3 (0.19%) ITRS Geneos
11 3 (0.19%) Kiali
11 3 (0.19%) Packer
12 2 (0.12%) HP ALM
12 2 (0.12%) HP Operations Orchestration
12 2 (0.12%) Mesos
12 2 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 245 (15.26%) Oracle
2 142 (8.84%) Microsoft
3 74 (4.61%) webMethods
4 73 (4.55%) BEA
5 57 (3.55%) Informatica
6 55 (3.42%) SAP
7 52 (3.24%) Databricks
8 43 (2.68%) Google
8 43 (2.68%) WSO2
9 29 (1.81%) Telerik
10 28 (1.74%) Pega
11 26 (1.62%) Salesforce.com
12 25 (1.56%) Sybase
13 23 (1.43%) IBM
14 17 (1.06%) Adobe
15 14 (0.87%) Zend
16 12 (0.75%) Atlassian
17 11 (0.68%) ION Trading
17 11 (0.68%) Murex
18 9 (0.56%) HP