Period
to 17 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 17 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
17 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 80 81 73
Rank change year-on-year +1 -8 -9
Contract jobs citing OO 3,017 2,987 3,062
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.03% 2.98% 3.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.49% 3.47% 3.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,102 2,282 2,189
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +11.76% +4.29%
10th Percentile £363 £335 £313
90th Percentile £650 £650 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £410 £400
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 41 53 63
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £45.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.33% +9.76% -1.91%
10th Percentile £33.00 £32.60 £32.85
90th Percentile £50.50 £49.75 £49.95
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.00 £45.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year -2.22% +9.76% -2.15%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,410 86,099 82,940
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.92% 85.83% 85.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,036 57,590 54,781
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £263
90th Percentile £648 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £405 £400
% change year-on-year +4.86% +1.33% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,199 2,021 2,396
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £23.00 £22.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.17% +0.70% -0.70%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.03
90th Percentile £50.02 £49.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -6.25% +6.67% -10.00%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing OO.

Contractor daily rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO.

Contractor hourly rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 17 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 2,790 £500 +2.56% 1,240
London -11 1,627 £550 +4.76% 427
UK excluding London +19 1,355 £425 +3.66% 910
South East +63 480 £475 - 226
North of England 0 261 £425 +6.25% 220
South West +27 174 £425 +21.43% 108
Midlands +5 159 £450 +16.50% 127
Scotland +7 127 £400 +5.26% 64
Yorkshire -24 114 £425 +6.25% 69
North West +14 112 £413 +10.00% 128
West Midlands +10 98 £413 +10.00% 74
East of England -11 87 £400 -5.88% 133
Wales +19 64 £408 +2.52% 26
East Midlands -9 57 £450 +9.09% 52
North East +7 35 £450 +16.13% 23
Northern Ireland -30 3 - - 7
Isle of Man - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 17 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 1,713 (56.78%) Agile Software Development
2 1,266 (41.96%) Java
3 1,053 (34.90%) JavaScript
4 998 (33.08%) TDD
5 793 (26.28%) C#
6 747 (24.76%) HTML
7 688 (22.80%) CSS
8 664 (22.01%) Continuous Integration
9 655 (21.71%) OOP
10 650 (21.54%) Git (software)
11 647 (21.45%) .NET
12 634 (21.01%) Test Automation
13 626 (20.75%) SQL
14 616 (20.42%) Finance
15 550 (18.23%) Scrum
16 529 (17.53%) Amazon AWS
17 502 (16.64%) AngularJS
18 492 (16.31%) OOD
19 473 (15.68%) Oracle
19 473 (15.68%) MVC
20 470 (15.58%) HTML5
20 470 (15.58%) Microservices
21 457 (15.15%) Python
22 455 (15.08%) Software Engineering
23 448 (14.85%) Microsoft Azure
24 428 (14.19%) RESTful
25 400 (13.26%) Jenkins
26 395 (13.09%) React
27 392 (12.99%) BDD
28 380 (12.60%) SQL Server

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 235 (7.79%) WebLogic
2 215 (7.13%) WebSphere
3 199 (6.60%) Tomcat
4 169 (5.60%) OpenStack
5 163 (5.40%) Confluence
6 83 (2.75%) CMS
7 82 (2.72%) Apache
8 59 (1.96%) Apache Spark
8 59 (1.96%) JBoss
9 53 (1.76%) Elasticsearch
10 48 (1.59%) WildFly
11 39 (1.29%) Cloud Foundry
11 39 (1.29%) SharePoint
12 34 (1.13%) Drupal
13 19 (0.63%) IPython
14 18 (0.60%) Commerce Server
14 18 (0.60%) NServiceBus
14 18 (0.60%) WordPress
15 15 (0.50%) Apache Qpid
16 14 (0.46%) nginx
Applications
1 24 (0.80%) Photoshop
2 15 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
3 14 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
4 6 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
5 5 (0.17%) Simulink
6 3 (0.099%) Fireworks
6 3 (0.099%) Maya
6 3 (0.099%) Windchill
7 2 (0.066%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.066%) Snapchat
8 1 (0.033%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.033%) CATIA
8 1 (0.033%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 29 (0.96%) Magento
2 16 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
3 15 (0.50%) Oracle BPM
4 12 (0.40%) Actimize
5 10 (0.33%) SAP Hybris
6 8 (0.27%) Endur
7 6 (0.20%) AquaLogic BPM
7 6 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
8 5 (0.17%) Markit EDM
8 5 (0.17%) Unit4 Business World
9 4 (0.13%) HFM
9 4 (0.13%) Maximo
9 4 (0.13%) SAP ERP
10 3 (0.099%) BASE24
10 3 (0.099%) PeopleSoft HCM
10 3 (0.099%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 3 (0.099%) Workday HCM
11 2 (0.066%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
11 2 (0.066%) SAP CAR
11 2 (0.066%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
Cloud Services
1 529 (17.53%) Amazon AWS
2 448 (14.85%) Microsoft Azure
3 139 (4.61%) GitHub
4 96 (3.18%) Serverless
5 53 (1.76%) AWS Lambda
6 50 (1.66%) Google Cloud Platform
7 37 (1.23%) AWS CloudFormation
8 35 (1.16%) SaaS
9 32 (1.06%) Apigee
10 30 (0.99%) PaaS
11 29 (0.96%) Amazon EC2
12 26 (0.86%) Heroku
13 25 (0.83%) OpenShift
14 22 (0.73%) Cloud Computing
14 22 (0.73%) npm
15 20 (0.66%) Google App Engine
16 18 (0.60%) Amazon Kinesis
17 16 (0.53%) Amazon S3
18 15 (0.50%) IaaS
19 11 (0.36%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 155 (5.14%) HTTP
2 83 (2.75%) TCP/IP
3 77 (2.55%) SSL
4 53 (1.76%) DNS
5 35 (1.16%) Internet
6 34 (1.13%) FTP
7 32 (1.06%) DHCP
8 26 (0.86%) IPsec
9 18 (0.60%) HTTPS
10 17 (0.56%) Firewall
11 16 (0.53%) Intranet
12 15 (0.50%) Kerberos
13 13 (0.43%) SMTP
14 11 (0.36%) BIG-IP
15 10 (0.33%) Wi-Fi
16 9 (0.30%) iSCSI
16 9 (0.30%) NAS
16 9 (0.30%) SAN
16 9 (0.30%) SNMP
16 9 (0.30%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 380 (12.60%) SQL Server
2 373 (12.36%) MySQL
3 361 (11.97%) NoSQL
4 337 (11.17%) Relational Database
5 253 (8.39%) PostgreSQL
6 121 (4.01%) RDBMS
7 118 (3.91%) MongoDB
8 70 (2.32%) Big Data
9 66 (2.19%) Hadoop
10 58 (1.92%) Apache Cassandra
11 44 (1.46%) Redis
12 40 (1.33%) Data Warehouse
13 31 (1.03%) Apache Hive
14 29 (0.96%) BusinessObjects
15 28 (0.93%) Oracle Database
16 27 (0.89%) SQL Server 2014
17 26 (0.86%) Amazon RDS
17 26 (0.86%) SQL Server 2012
18 23 (0.76%) DB2
19 22 (0.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 650 (21.54%) Git (software)
2 400 (13.26%) Jenkins
3 263 (8.72%) Maven
4 260 (8.62%) JIRA
5 225 (7.46%) NUnit
6 218 (7.23%) Selenium
7 201 (6.66%) MSTest
8 174 (5.77%) JUnit
9 141 (4.67%) Team Foundation Server
10 139 (4.61%) Subversion
11 118 (3.91%) Visual Studio
12 100 (3.31%) Cucumber
13 99 (3.28%) Jasmine
13 99 (3.28%) Mockito
14 92 (3.05%) Eclipse
15 90 (2.98%) Visual Studio Team System
15 90 (2.98%) WebDriver
16 84 (2.78%) TeamCity
17 79 (2.62%) webpack
18 73 (2.42%) SonarQube
General
1 616 (20.42%) Finance
2 250 (8.29%) Banking
3 101 (3.35%) Retail
4 91 (3.02%) Front Office
5 78 (2.59%) Investment Banking
6 61 (2.02%) Telecoms
7 53 (1.76%) Marketing
8 43 (1.43%) Manufacturing
9 38 (1.26%) Games
10 34 (1.13%) Electronics
11 30 (0.99%) Publishing
12 26 (0.86%) Back Office
12 26 (0.86%) Financial Institution
13 25 (0.83%) Legal
14 20 (0.66%) Law
15 16 (0.53%) Advertising
16 15 (0.50%) Aerospace
17 10 (0.33%) Billing
18 9 (0.30%) Retail Banking
19 8 (0.27%) Avionics
Job Titles
1 2,259 (74.88%) Developer
2 653 (21.64%) Java Developer
3 278 (9.21%) .NET Developer
4 271 (8.98%) C# Developer
5 236 (7.82%) Senior Developer
6 211 (6.99%) React Developer
7 177 (5.87%) Software Engineer
8 173 (5.73%) JavaScript Developer
9 165 (5.47%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 137 (4.54%) Full Stack Developer
11 130 (4.31%) PHP Developer
12 124 (4.11%) Python Developer
13 121 (4.01%) C# .NET Developer
14 120 (3.98%) Architect
15 118 (3.91%) Software Developer
16 95 (3.15%) AWS Developer
17 89 (2.95%) Angular Developer
18 88 (2.92%) ASP.NET Developer
19 82 (2.72%) Tester
20 77 (2.55%) Quantitative Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 747 (24.76%) HTML
2 688 (22.80%) CSS
3 647 (21.45%) .NET
4 502 (16.64%) AngularJS
5 470 (15.58%) HTML5
6 428 (14.19%) RESTful
7 395 (13.09%) React
8 331 (10.97%) REST
9 329 (10.90%) Web Services
10 325 (10.77%) Spring
11 304 (10.08%) jQuery
12 278 (9.21%) ASP.NET
13 268 (8.88%) CSS3
14 262 (8.68%) Node.js
15 227 (7.52%) Redux
16 195 (6.46%) .NET Framework
17 190 (6.30%) Hibernate
18 180 (5.97%) ASP.NET Web API
19 179 (5.93%) JSON
20 178 (5.90%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 241 (7.99%) Analytical Skills
2 217 (7.19%) Data Structures
3 208 (6.89%) Algorithms
4 200 (6.63%) Greenfield Project
5 199 (6.60%) User Experience
6 108 (3.58%) Derivative
7 102 (3.38%) Mobile App
8 94 (3.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 90 (2.98%) Self-Motivation
10 88 (2.92%) Fintech
11 86 (2.85%) Linux Command Line
12 60 (1.99%) Fixed Income
13 47 (1.56%) Hedge funds
14 42 (1.39%) Equities
15 37 (1.23%) Client/Server
15 37 (1.23%) Cloud Native
16 31 (1.03%) Enterprise Software
17 29 (0.96%) iPhone
18 28 (0.93%) Public Cloud
19 22 (0.73%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 380 (12.60%) Linux
2 335 (11.10%) Unix
3 166 (5.50%) Windows
4 116 (3.84%) Android
5 113 (3.75%) Apple iOS
6 55 (1.82%) VMS
7 24 (0.80%) Solaris
8 23 (0.76%) Windows Server
9 17 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 11 (0.36%) SUSE
10 11 (0.36%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
11 7 (0.23%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.17%) Embedded Linux
12 5 (0.17%) Mac OS X
12 5 (0.17%) tvOS
12 5 (0.17%) VxWorks
13 4 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
13 4 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.099%) VME
14 3 (0.099%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,713 (56.78%) Agile Software Development
2 998 (33.08%) TDD
3 664 (22.01%) Continuous Integration
4 655 (21.71%) OOP
5 634 (21.01%) Test Automation
6 550 (18.23%) Scrum
7 492 (16.31%) OOD
8 473 (15.68%) MVC
9 470 (15.58%) Microservices
10 455 (15.08%) Software Engineering
11 392 (12.99%) BDD
12 319 (10.57%) DevOps
13 298 (9.88%) Problem-Solving
14 274 (9.08%) Unit Testing
15 248 (8.22%) Multithreading
16 244 (8.09%) Computer Science
17 233 (7.72%) SOLID
18 230 (7.62%) Open Source
19 223 (7.39%) Front End Development
20 218 (7.23%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,266 (41.96%) Java
2 1,053 (34.90%) JavaScript
3 793 (26.28%) C#
4 626 (20.75%) SQL
5 457 (15.15%) Python
6 297 (9.84%) C++
7 239 (7.92%) PHP
8 237 (7.86%) Java 8
9 164 (5.44%) ES6
10 137 (4.54%) TypeScript
11 95 (3.15%) Perl
12 92 (3.05%) T-SQL
13 88 (2.92%) Shell Script
14 84 (2.78%) C
15 83 (2.75%) PL/SQL
16 82 (2.72%) Apple Swift
17 74 (2.45%) Scala
18 57 (1.89%) Objective-C
19 52 (1.72%) JPQL
20 50 (1.66%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 266 (8.82%) Degree
2 241 (7.99%) Security Cleared
3 187 (6.20%) SC Cleared
4 103 (3.41%) Computer Science Degree
5 34 (1.13%) DV Cleared
6 24 (0.80%) BPSS Clearance
6 24 (0.80%) Master's Degree
7 13 (0.43%) ISTQB
8 12 (0.40%) ISEB
9 11 (0.36%) PhD
10 9 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
10 9 (0.30%) Sun Certification
11 5 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
12 4 (0.13%) BC Cleared
12 4 (0.13%) DBS Check
13 3 (0.099%) AWS Certification
13 3 (0.099%) CISA
14 2 (0.066%) CFA
14 2 (0.066%) OCA
14 2 (0.066%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 132 (4.38%) QA
2 9 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
3 6 (0.20%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.20%) SLA
4 5 (0.17%) MiFID
4 5 (0.17%) WCAG
5 4 (0.13%) EMIR
5 4 (0.13%) HL7
6 3 (0.099%) Dodd-Frank
6 3 (0.099%) ECSS
6 3 (0.099%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.099%) MIL-STD-1553
6 3 (0.099%) PSD2
7 2 (0.066%) GDPR
7 2 (0.066%) Government Security Classifications
7 2 (0.066%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.066%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.033%) GxP
8 1 (0.033%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.033%) JTAG
System Software
1 235 (7.79%) Docker
2 43 (1.43%) Virtual Machines
3 16 (0.53%) Active Directory
3 16 (0.53%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 10 (0.33%) Firmware
4 10 (0.33%) HDFS
5 8 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.27%) vSphere
6 4 (0.13%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.13%) KVM
6 4 (0.13%) Shibboleth
6 4 (0.13%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
6 4 (0.13%) VirtualBox
7 3 (0.099%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.033%) NFS
Systems Management
1 260 (8.62%) Puppet
2 238 (7.89%) Ansible
3 233 (7.72%) Opscode Chef
4 123 (4.08%) Kubernetes
5 50 (1.66%) Terraform
6 17 (0.56%) HP Operations Orchestration
7 11 (0.36%) CFEngine
8 10 (0.33%) HockeyApp
9 9 (0.30%) Kibana
10 8 (0.27%) Amdocs OSS
10 8 (0.27%) Control-M
11 6 (0.20%) ITRS Geneos
12 4 (0.13%) Data Guard
12 4 (0.13%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (0.13%) Grafana
12 4 (0.13%) HP ALM
12 4 (0.13%) logstash
12 4 (0.13%) Single Sign-On
12 4 (0.13%) Tivoli
13 3 (0.099%) Salt
Vendors
1 473 (15.68%) Oracle
2 238 (7.89%) Microsoft
3 80 (2.65%) SAP
4 65 (2.15%) Google
5 53 (1.76%) Atlassian
5 53 (1.76%) Sybase
6 50 (1.66%) Adobe
7 38 (1.26%) Pega
8 33 (1.09%) BEA
9 32 (1.06%) Twitter
9 32 (1.06%) webMethods
10 30 (0.99%) HP
11 29 (0.96%) Zend
12 28 (0.93%) Red Hat
13 24 (0.80%) Apple
13 24 (0.80%) Informatica
13 24 (0.80%) Splunk
14 23 (0.76%) IBM
14 23 (0.76%) TIBCO
15 21 (0.70%) DevExpress