Period
to 23 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 23 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
23 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 158 129 104
Rank change year-on-year -29 -25 -26
Contract jobs citing OO 889 1,077 2,341
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.64% 1.92% 2.46%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.89% 2.25% 2.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 537 696 1,642
10th Percentile £350 £356 £350
25th Percentile £405 £408 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £479 £475 £500
Median % change year-on-year +0.84% -5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £596 £588
90th Percentile £700 £660 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £405 £430 £450
% change year-on-year -5.81% -4.44% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 23 39
10th Percentile £35.75 £32.50 £32.50
25th Percentile £38.38 £38.25 £38.13
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £44.00
Median % change year-on-year -2.17% +4.55% -2.22%
75th Percentile £55.00 £50.25 £48.75
90th Percentile £55.60 £65.60 £56.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £46.00 £46.00
% change year-on-year +3.26% - +4.55%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 47,027 47,897 83,363
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.91% 85.25% 87.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 32,247 31,784 56,142
10th Percentile £306 £283 £300
25th Percentile £400 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.63% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £580 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £660 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £446 £435
% change year-on-year -1.91% +2.53% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,429 1,518 1,998
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.37 £11.50
25th Percentile £16.00 £15.93 £14.29
Median hourly rate £26.50 £21.57 £22.65
Median % change year-on-year +22.86% -4.77% +7.86%
75th Percentile £47.50 £46.00 £43.84
90th Percentile £58.75 £55.00 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.21 £20.11 £22.40
% change year-on-year +15.42% -10.22% +12.00%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing OO.

Daily rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 23 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing OO.

Hourly rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 23 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 23 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -22 743 £499 +5.07% 579
London -36 426 £580 +10.43% 217
UK excluding London +33 349 £405 -5.81% 441
Work from Home -68 246 £475 - 144
Midlands +63 98 £400 +5.96% 72
West Midlands +63 79 £400 +3.23% 46
South East +51 79 £460 +5.14% 106
East of England +16 42 £458 +7.76% 22
North of England +1 42 £405 -10.00% 114
Scotland -17 38 £375 -8.81% 44
North West -8 30 £405 -10.00% 61
South West +13 28 £500 +4.17% 49
East Midlands +19 19 £360 +9.09% 26
Wales +5 15 £475 -2.56% 25
North East +27 8 £475 +9.83% 15
Northern Ireland 0 8 - - 10
Yorkshire +21 4 £350 -26.32% 38

For the 6 months to 23 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 460 (51.74%) Agile Software Development
2 431 (48.48%) Java
3 301 (33.86%) JavaScript
4 265 (29.81%) SQL
5 229 (25.76%) OOP
6 220 (24.75%) Microservices
7 210 (23.62%) Software Engineering
8 207 (23.28%) HTML
9 197 (22.16%) Git (software)
10 193 (21.71%) .NET
11 189 (21.26%) TDD
12 184 (20.70%) C#
13 176 (19.80%) DevOps
14 174 (19.57%) Oracle
15 173 (19.46%) Scrum
16 171 (19.24%) Finance
17 167 (18.79%) Problem-Solving
18 161 (18.11%) CSS
19 155 (17.44%) Jenkins
19 155 (17.44%) AngularJS
20 151 (16.99%) Continuous Integration
21 149 (16.76%) Spring
22 147 (16.54%) REST
23 145 (16.31%) OOD
24 136 (15.30%) Azure
25 133 (14.96%) SQL Server
26 130 (14.62%) Python
27 129 (14.51%) AWS
28 124 (13.95%) React
29 123 (13.84%) Test Automation

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (6.75%) WebLogic
2 42 (4.72%) Confluence
3 38 (4.27%) Red Hat Fuse
4 35 (3.94%) Apache
5 22 (2.47%) Apache Spark
5 22 (2.47%) JBoss
6 15 (1.69%) Mule
7 14 (1.57%) CMS
8 10 (1.12%) Tomcat
9 9 (1.01%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 7 (0.79%) Elasticsearch
11 6 (0.67%) Apache Airflow
11 6 (0.67%) Luigi
12 5 (0.56%) nginx
12 5 (0.56%) SAS
12 5 (0.56%) Umbraco
13 4 (0.45%) IIS
13 4 (0.45%) Oracle Workflow
13 4 (0.45%) SharePoint
13 4 (0.45%) WebSphere
Applications
1 10 (1.12%) Microsoft Office
1 10 (1.12%) Simulink
2 4 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.34%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.22%) Adobe XD
4 2 (0.22%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.11%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.11%) Doxygen
5 1 (0.11%) Figma
5 1 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 13 (1.46%) Magento
2 12 (1.35%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.56%) SAP IS-U
4 4 (0.45%) BASE24
4 4 (0.45%) SAP CO
4 4 (0.45%) SAP FI
4 4 (0.45%) SAP FI/CO
5 2 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.22%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.22%) Teamcenter
6 1 (0.11%) assyst
6 1 (0.11%) HFM
6 1 (0.11%) OpenText VIM for SAP
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.11%) Radian6
6 1 (0.11%) SAP BPC
6 1 (0.11%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.11%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 136 (15.30%) Azure
2 129 (14.51%) AWS
3 46 (5.17%) Serverless
4 40 (4.50%) GCP
5 30 (3.37%) GitHub
6 27 (3.04%) AWS Lambda
7 24 (2.70%) Amazon ECS
7 24 (2.70%) AWS CloudFormation
8 22 (2.47%) SaaS
9 21 (2.36%) IaaS
9 21 (2.36%) Power Platform
10 18 (2.02%) PaaS
11 15 (1.69%) Heroku
11 15 (1.69%) OpenShift
12 14 (1.57%) Amazon Kinesis
13 12 (1.35%) Amazon S3
14 11 (1.24%) Bitrise
15 10 (1.12%) Amazon EC2
15 10 (1.12%) Amazon ElastiCache
16 9 (1.01%) Azure Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 15 (1.69%) HTTP
2 9 (1.01%) TCP/IP
3 8 (0.90%) Unified Communications
4 5 (0.56%) Network Security
4 5 (0.56%) SNMP
4 5 (0.56%) VoIP
5 4 (0.45%) ATM
5 4 (0.45%) Firewall
5 4 (0.45%) HTTPS
5 4 (0.45%) Internet
6 3 (0.34%) DNS
6 3 (0.34%) Wi-Fi
7 2 (0.22%) 3G
7 2 (0.22%) 4G
7 2 (0.22%) DLNA
7 2 (0.22%) MQTT
7 2 (0.22%) SSL
7 2 (0.22%) SWIFTNet
7 2 (0.22%) UPnP
7 2 (0.22%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 133 (14.96%) SQL Server
2 115 (12.94%) Relational Database
3 86 (9.67%) NoSQL
4 64 (7.20%) MySQL
5 45 (5.06%) PostgreSQL
6 36 (4.05%) MongoDB
7 28 (3.15%) Redis
8 26 (2.92%) Hadoop
9 24 (2.70%) RDBMS
10 21 (2.36%) Oracle Database
11 19 (2.14%) Big Data
12 18 (2.02%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 18 (2.02%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 17 (1.91%) Data Warehouse
13 17 (1.91%) Power BI
14 16 (1.80%) Apache Cassandra
15 13 (1.46%) SQL Server 2017
16 12 (1.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 12 (1.35%) SQL Server 2012
17 10 (1.12%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 197 (22.16%) Git (software)
2 155 (17.44%) Jenkins
3 111 (12.49%) JIRA
4 91 (10.24%) Maven
5 53 (5.96%) JUnit
6 48 (5.40%) CA Gen
7 42 (4.72%) Cucumber
8 39 (4.39%) Gradle
9 24 (2.70%) webpack
10 23 (2.59%) Subversion
11 19 (2.14%) Eclipse
11 19 (2.14%) Selenium
12 18 (2.02%) Visual Studio
13 17 (1.91%) GitLab
13 17 (1.91%) TeamCity
14 15 (1.69%) jMock
14 15 (1.69%) NUnit
14 15 (1.69%) Rational DOORS
15 14 (1.57%) Artifactory
15 14 (1.57%) Jasmine
General
1 171 (19.24%) Finance
2 111 (12.49%) Banking
3 70 (7.87%) Front Office
4 55 (6.19%) Public Sector
5 44 (4.95%) Investment Banking
6 21 (2.36%) Retail
7 13 (1.46%) Games
8 12 (1.35%) Law
9 8 (0.90%) Marketing
9 8 (0.90%) Telecoms
10 7 (0.79%) Advertising
10 7 (0.79%) Prime Brokerage
11 6 (0.67%) Financial Institution
12 5 (0.56%) Dutch Language
12 5 (0.56%) Manufacturing
13 4 (0.45%) Automotive
13 4 (0.45%) French Language
13 4 (0.45%) Military
13 4 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.34%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 577 (64.90%) Developer
2 173 (19.46%) Java Developer
3 93 (10.46%) Senior Developer
4 86 (9.67%) Software Engineer
5 83 (9.34%) .NET Developer
6 64 (7.20%) Full Stack Developer
7 57 (6.41%) Architect
8 55 (6.19%) C# Developer
8 55 (6.19%) React Developer
9 48 (5.40%) Senior Java Developer
10 43 (4.84%) C++ Developer
11 35 (3.94%) C# .NET Developer
12 34 (3.82%) Lead Developer
13 30 (3.37%) Solutions Architect
14 25 (2.81%) AWS Developer
14 25 (2.81%) Java Architect
14 25 (2.81%) Node.js Developer
15 24 (2.70%) Angular Developer
15 24 (2.70%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 24 (2.70%) Integration Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 207 (23.28%) HTML
2 193 (21.71%) .NET
3 161 (18.11%) CSS
4 155 (17.44%) AngularJS
5 149 (16.76%) Spring
6 147 (16.54%) REST
7 124 (13.95%) React
8 113 (12.71%) Web Services
9 97 (10.91%) HTML5
10 91 (10.24%) RESTful
11 87 (9.79%) Node.js
12 78 (8.77%) Spring Boot
13 75 (8.44%) JSON
14 72 (8.10%) XML
15 70 (7.87%) J2EE
16 65 (7.31%) jQuery
17 59 (6.64%) Kafka
18 56 (6.30%) .NET Framework
19 55 (6.19%) Redux
20 54 (6.07%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 105 (11.81%) Analytical Skills
2 71 (7.99%) Data Structures
3 62 (6.97%) Enterprise Software
4 54 (6.07%) User Experience
5 47 (5.29%) Algorithms
6 40 (4.50%) Greenfield Project
7 38 (4.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 33 (3.71%) Clustering
9 32 (3.60%) Cloud Native
10 29 (3.26%) Fixed Income
11 17 (1.91%) Mobile App
12 14 (1.57%) Self-Motivation
13 13 (1.46%) N-Tier
14 12 (1.35%) Public Cloud
14 12 (1.35%) Virtual Team
15 9 (1.01%) Management Information System
15 9 (1.01%) Video\Live Streaming
16 7 (0.79%) Animation
16 7 (0.79%) Derivative
16 7 (0.79%) Grid Computing
Operating Systems
1 111 (12.49%) Unix
2 105 (11.81%) Linux
3 47 (5.29%) Windows
4 38 (4.27%) Android
5 30 (3.37%) Apple iOS
6 7 (0.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.56%) CentOS
7 5 (0.56%) Mac OS
8 4 (0.45%) Embedded Linux
9 2 (0.22%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.11%) Solaris
10 1 (0.11%) Tizen
10 1 (0.11%) VME
10 1 (0.11%) webOS
10 1 (0.11%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 460 (51.74%) Agile Software Development
2 229 (25.76%) OOP
3 220 (24.75%) Microservices
4 210 (23.62%) Software Engineering
5 189 (21.26%) TDD
6 176 (19.80%) DevOps
7 173 (19.46%) Scrum
8 167 (18.79%) Problem-Solving
9 151 (16.99%) Continuous Integration
10 145 (16.31%) OOD
11 123 (13.84%) Test Automation
12 105 (11.81%) Computer Science
13 100 (11.25%) BDD
13 100 (11.25%) SOLID
14 95 (10.69%) Test Strategy
15 94 (10.57%) RUP
16 91 (10.24%) Open Source
17 84 (9.45%) Process Improvement
18 81 (9.11%) Configuration Management
19 79 (8.89%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 431 (48.48%) Java
2 301 (33.86%) JavaScript
3 265 (29.81%) SQL
4 184 (20.70%) C#
5 130 (14.62%) Python
6 92 (10.35%) TypeScript
7 90 (10.12%) C++
8 84 (9.45%) PL/SQL
9 79 (8.89%) Java 8
9 79 (8.89%) Shell Script
10 52 (5.85%) Scala
11 40 (4.50%) Perl
12 39 (4.39%) C
12 39 (4.39%) COBOL
13 38 (4.27%) PHP
14 37 (4.16%) ES6
15 34 (3.82%) Kotlin
16 24 (2.70%) Go
17 17 (1.91%) Ruby
18 15 (1.69%) ABAP
Qualifications
1 99 (11.14%) Degree
2 83 (9.34%) Security Cleared
3 74 (8.32%) SC Cleared
4 46 (5.17%) Computer Science Degree
5 20 (2.25%) Master's Degree
6 11 (1.24%) AWS Certification
7 10 (1.12%) ISTQB
8 7 (0.79%) BPSS Clearance
9 5 (0.56%) PhD
10 4 (0.45%) Numerate Degree
11 1 (0.11%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (5.17%) QA
2 13 (1.46%) WCAG
3 5 (0.56%) ISO 20022
4 3 (0.34%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.34%) MiFID
5 2 (0.22%) GDPR
5 2 (0.22%) ISO 15022
6 1 (0.11%) HL7
6 1 (0.11%) PSD2
System Software
1 95 (10.69%) Docker
2 8 (0.90%) Varnish
3 4 (0.45%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
4 3 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.34%) Ceph
4 3 (0.34%) NFS
5 2 (0.22%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.22%) vSphere
6 1 (0.11%) Firmware
6 1 (0.11%) vCloud
6 1 (0.11%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 79 (8.89%) Kubernetes
2 37 (4.16%) Ansible
3 25 (2.81%) Terraform
4 8 (0.90%) Istio
5 7 (0.79%) Docker Swarm
6 6 (0.67%) Puppet
7 5 (0.56%) Prometheus
8 4 (0.45%) Hadoop YARN
8 4 (0.45%) Mesos
8 4 (0.45%) Tivoli
9 3 (0.34%) Grafana
9 3 (0.34%) MIIS
9 3 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
10 2 (0.22%) Opscode Chef
10 2 (0.22%) vRealize
11 1 (0.11%) HP Operations Orchestration
11 1 (0.11%) Packer
11 1 (0.11%) Salt
11 1 (0.11%) SCOrch
11 1 (0.11%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 174 (19.57%) Oracle
2 87 (9.79%) Microsoft
3 64 (7.20%) Google
4 56 (6.30%) BEA
5 53 (5.96%) webMethods
6 40 (4.50%) Pega
7 24 (2.70%) SAP
8 22 (2.47%) Informatica
9 19 (2.14%) Sybase
10 15 (1.69%) IBM
11 14 (1.57%) Atlassian
11 14 (1.57%) CA
12 13 (1.46%) Zend
13 11 (1.24%) Murex
13 11 (1.24%) Talend
14 10 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
15 9 (1.01%) Apple
16 8 (0.90%) Adobe
17 7 (0.79%) HP
17 7 (0.79%) MuleSoft