Period
to 19 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 19 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
19 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 119 81 82
Rank change year-on-year -38 +1 -7
Contract jobs citing OO 1,465 2,988 2,985
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.04% 3.03% 2.98%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.40% 3.47% 3.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,005 2,083 2,275
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +11.76%
10th Percentile £330 £363 £335
90th Percentile £700 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £410
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 41 53
UK median hourly rate £45.50 £43.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.60% -3.33% +9.76%
10th Percentile £23.15 £33.00 £32.60
90th Percentile £55.00 £50.50 £49.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.50 £44.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +3.41% -2.22% +9.76%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 61,131 86,207 86,401
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.27% 87.29% 86.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 39,793 56,918 57,758
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £285 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £407
% change year-on-year +1.18% +4.42% +1.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,035 2,180 2,036
UK median hourly rate £23.00 £23.42 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.77% +1.80% -0.41%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.01 £49.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £22.40 £23.50
% change year-on-year -6.24% -4.69% +4.44%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing OO.

Contractor daily rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 19 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO.

Contractor hourly rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 19 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 19 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -38 1,326 £500 - 979
London -25 751 £550 - 342
UK excluding London -48 674 £425 - 727
South East -71 169 £425 -10.53% 159
North of England -39 125 £425 - 204
South West -13 119 £456 +7.35% 107
Scotland -2 83 £423 +5.63% 63
Midlands -2 82 £355 -21.11% 105
North West -12 75 £425 +3.03% 119
East of England +18 74 £425 +1.19% 61
West Midlands -10 47 £340 -17.58% 54
East Midlands +7 35 £400 -11.11% 51
Yorkshire -27 33 £425 - 69
North East +3 17 £428 -5.00% 16
Wales -11 15 £500 +22.70% 18
Northern Ireland +11 7 £310 - 10

For the 6 months to 19 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 698 (47.65%) Agile Software Development
2 573 (39.11%) JavaScript
3 540 (36.86%) Java
4 459 (31.33%) C#
5 415 (28.33%) OOP
6 414 (28.26%) TDD
7 365 (24.91%) HTML
8 363 (24.78%) .NET
9 341 (23.28%) CSS
10 314 (21.43%) OOD
11 307 (20.96%) Finance
12 304 (20.75%) SQL
13 283 (19.32%) React
14 273 (18.63%) Continuous Integration
14 273 (18.63%) DevOps
15 265 (18.09%) Python
16 263 (17.95%) AngularJS
17 258 (17.61%) Software Engineering
18 235 (16.04%) SQL Server
19 230 (15.70%) Git (software)
20 222 (15.15%) Test Automation
21 217 (14.81%) Microservices
22 209 (14.27%) Scrum
23 206 (14.06%) Azure
24 198 (13.52%) RESTful
25 194 (13.24%) Problem-Solving
26 182 (12.42%) Analytical Skills
26 182 (12.42%) Microsoft
27 176 (12.01%) Web Services
28 173 (11.81%) HTML5

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (3.62%) Confluence
2 40 (2.73%) Apache
3 36 (2.46%) Apache Spark
4 28 (1.91%) Cloud Foundry
5 26 (1.77%) nginx
5 26 (1.77%) Tomcat
6 21 (1.43%) CMS
7 20 (1.37%) JBoss
8 19 (1.30%) WebLogic
9 16 (1.09%) Elasticsearch
10 11 (0.75%) WebSphere
11 9 (0.61%) SAP Portal
12 7 (0.48%) Apache Airflow
12 7 (0.48%) Drupal
12 7 (0.48%) IIS
12 7 (0.48%) Umbraco
13 6 (0.41%) Moodle
13 6 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 6 (0.41%) SharePoint
14 5 (0.34%) WordPress
Applications
1 11 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.55%) Windchill
3 5 (0.34%) Simulink
4 3 (0.20%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.14%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.068%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.068%) Adobe XD
6 1 (0.068%) Figma
6 1 (0.068%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.068%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 23 (1.57%) Magento
2 8 (0.55%) SAP PSCD
3 7 (0.48%) Payment Gateway
4 5 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
4 5 (0.34%) SAP Hybris
5 4 (0.27%) FINCAD Analytics
5 4 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 3 (0.20%) BASE24
6 3 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
6 3 (0.20%) Eikon
6 3 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.14%) Elite 3E
7 2 (0.14%) PolarLake
7 2 (0.14%) SAP CO
7 2 (0.14%) SAP FI
7 2 (0.14%) SAP FI/CO
7 2 (0.14%) Shopify
8 1 (0.068%) Dynamics AX
8 1 (0.068%) Markit EDM
8 1 (0.068%) SAP MDG
Cloud Services
1 206 (14.06%) Azure
2 172 (11.74%) AWS
3 74 (5.05%) GCP
4 58 (3.96%) GitHub
5 51 (3.48%) Serverless
6 41 (2.80%) AWS Lambda
7 23 (1.57%) Amazon S3
8 18 (1.23%) Power Platform
9 17 (1.16%) Amazon Kinesis
10 14 (0.96%) PaaS
10 14 (0.96%) SaaS
11 13 (0.89%) Cloud Computing
11 13 (0.89%) CloudFront
11 13 (0.89%) Heroku
11 13 (0.89%) OpenShift
12 12 (0.82%) AWS CloudFormation
13 10 (0.68%) Amazon EC2
14 8 (0.55%) Amazon ECS
14 8 (0.55%) TestFlight
15 6 (0.41%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 41 (2.80%) Internet
2 32 (2.18%) DNS
3 28 (1.91%) HTTP
4 15 (1.02%) SSL
5 14 (0.96%) Multicast
5 14 (0.96%) TCP/IP
6 11 (0.75%) FTP
7 8 (0.55%) DHCP
7 8 (0.55%) IPsec
7 8 (0.55%) SSH
8 7 (0.48%) Network Security
9 6 (0.41%) Wi-Fi
10 3 (0.20%) ATM
10 3 (0.20%) Ethernet
10 3 (0.20%) IPv4
10 3 (0.20%) IPv6
11 2 (0.14%) Firewall
11 2 (0.14%) LAN
11 2 (0.14%) SAN
11 2 (0.14%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 235 (16.04%) SQL Server
2 154 (10.51%) Relational Database
3 130 (8.87%) NoSQL
4 95 (6.48%) MySQL
5 78 (5.32%) MongoDB
6 55 (3.75%) PostgreSQL
7 53 (3.62%) Big Data
8 28 (1.91%) Flink
9 27 (1.84%) Hadoop
10 26 (1.77%) RDBMS
11 25 (1.71%) Apache Cassandra
12 19 (1.30%) Redis
13 18 (1.23%) Power BI
14 16 (1.09%) Data Warehouse
15 15 (1.02%) Oracle Database
16 14 (0.96%) Amazon Redshift
17 13 (0.89%) BusinessObjects
17 13 (0.89%) Data Lake
18 12 (0.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 11 (0.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 230 (15.70%) Git (software)
2 114 (7.78%) Jenkins
2 114 (7.78%) JIRA
3 59 (4.03%) JUnit
4 58 (3.96%) Visual Studio
5 53 (3.62%) Maven
6 49 (3.34%) webpack
7 48 (3.28%) Cucumber
8 44 (3.00%) Team Foundation Server
9 42 (2.87%) Visual Studio Team System
10 38 (2.59%) Eclipse
10 38 (2.59%) Jasmine
10 38 (2.59%) Selenium
10 38 (2.59%) Subversion
11 33 (2.25%) gulp
12 29 (1.98%) TeamCity
13 26 (1.77%) git-flow
13 26 (1.77%) Grunt
14 24 (1.64%) Bitbucket
15 22 (1.50%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 307 (20.96%) Finance
2 110 (7.51%) Banking
3 72 (4.91%) Public Sector
4 63 (4.30%) Front Office
5 40 (2.73%) Retail
6 34 (2.32%) Military
7 33 (2.25%) Games
8 29 (1.98%) Manufacturing
9 26 (1.77%) Marketing
10 23 (1.57%) Investment Banking
11 22 (1.50%) Telecoms
12 15 (1.02%) Back Office
12 15 (1.02%) Electronics
13 12 (0.82%) Law
14 9 (0.61%) Aerospace
14 9 (0.61%) Automotive
15 5 (0.34%) Legal
15 5 (0.34%) Publishing
16 4 (0.27%) Retail Banking
17 2 (0.14%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 1,038 (70.85%) Developer
2 196 (13.38%) Java Developer
3 181 (12.35%) C# Developer
4 153 (10.44%) Software Engineer
5 150 (10.24%) .NET Developer
6 144 (9.83%) Senior Developer
7 112 (7.65%) React Developer
8 82 (5.60%) Full Stack Developer
8 82 (5.60%) Python Developer
9 70 (4.78%) JavaScript Developer
10 57 (3.89%) PHP Developer
11 56 (3.82%) Software Developer
12 54 (3.69%) C# .NET Developer
13 49 (3.34%) Architect
14 45 (3.07%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 40 (2.73%) Applications Developer
16 39 (2.66%) Java Engineer
17 38 (2.59%) Angular Developer
17 38 (2.59%) Senior Java Developer
18 34 (2.32%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 365 (24.91%) HTML
2 363 (24.78%) .NET
3 341 (23.28%) CSS
4 283 (19.32%) React
5 263 (17.95%) AngularJS
6 198 (13.52%) RESTful
7 176 (12.01%) Web Services
8 173 (11.81%) HTML5
9 166 (11.33%) Spring
10 150 (10.24%) Node.js
11 121 (8.26%) REST
12 109 (7.44%) Redux
13 108 (7.37%) Kafka
14 96 (6.55%) CSS3
14 96 (6.55%) XML
15 92 (6.28%) jQuery
16 86 (5.87%) Vue.js
17 80 (5.46%) ASP.NET
18 77 (5.26%) SOAP
19 75 (5.12%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 182 (12.42%) Analytical Skills
2 137 (9.35%) Data Structures
3 111 (7.58%) Greenfield Project
4 103 (7.03%) Algorithms
5 81 (5.53%) Equities
6 78 (5.32%) User Experience
7 62 (4.23%) Hedge funds
8 58 (3.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 53 (3.62%) Self-Motivation
10 44 (3.00%) Mobile App
11 38 (2.59%) Enterprise Software
12 32 (2.18%) Fixed Income
13 24 (1.64%) Derivative
14 16 (1.09%) Virtual Team
15 15 (1.02%) Linux Command Line
16 14 (0.96%) Embedded Systems
17 12 (0.82%) Public Cloud
18 10 (0.68%) Client/Server
18 10 (0.68%) Cloud Native
19 8 (0.55%) EPoS
Operating Systems
1 160 (10.92%) Linux
2 92 (6.28%) Unix
3 88 (6.01%) Windows
4 49 (3.34%) Android
5 46 (3.14%) Apple iOS
6 10 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
7 5 (0.34%) Ubuntu
7 5 (0.34%) Windows Server
8 4 (0.27%) CentOS
8 4 (0.27%) Solaris
9 3 (0.20%) HPUX
10 2 (0.14%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.068%) AIX
11 1 (0.068%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.068%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.068%) OpenVMS
11 1 (0.068%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 698 (47.65%) Agile Software Development
2 415 (28.33%) OOP
3 414 (28.26%) TDD
4 314 (21.43%) OOD
5 273 (18.63%) Continuous Integration
5 273 (18.63%) DevOps
6 258 (17.61%) Software Engineering
7 222 (15.15%) Test Automation
8 217 (14.81%) Microservices
9 209 (14.27%) Scrum
10 194 (13.24%) Problem-Solving
11 171 (11.67%) Unit Testing
12 162 (11.06%) Computer Science
13 161 (10.99%) MVC
14 130 (8.87%) BDD
15 123 (8.40%) SOLID
16 107 (7.30%) Kanban
17 103 (7.03%) Mathematics
17 103 (7.03%) Multithreading
18 101 (6.89%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 573 (39.11%) JavaScript
2 540 (36.86%) Java
3 459 (31.33%) C#
4 304 (20.75%) SQL
5 265 (18.09%) Python
6 153 (10.44%) C++
7 106 (7.24%) PHP
8 96 (6.55%) Java 8
9 84 (5.73%) ES6
10 78 (5.32%) TypeScript
11 77 (5.26%) C
12 42 (2.87%) Ruby
13 39 (2.66%) ABAP
14 36 (2.46%) T-SQL
15 35 (2.39%) Scala
16 32 (2.18%) Shell Script
17 26 (1.77%) Apple Swift
17 26 (1.77%) R
18 22 (1.50%) ES7
19 21 (1.43%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 166 (11.33%) Security Cleared
2 126 (8.60%) Degree
2 126 (8.60%) SC Cleared
3 59 (4.03%) DV Cleared
4 23 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
6 9 (0.61%) AWS Certification
7 8 (0.55%) Master's Degree
8 6 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
9 5 (0.34%) PhD
10 4 (0.27%) ISTQB
11 3 (0.20%) ISEB
12 2 (0.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 2 (0.14%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 1 (0.068%) HND
13 1 (0.068%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 1 (0.068%) ITIL Certification
13 1 (0.068%) MCP
13 1 (0.068%) Microsoft Certification
13 1 (0.068%) Six Sigma Yellow Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (3.14%) QA
2 17 (1.16%) WCAG
3 6 (0.41%) MiFID
4 5 (0.34%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.20%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.20%) EMIR
6 3 (0.20%) SLA
7 2 (0.14%) Solvency II
8 1 (0.068%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.068%) RMADS
8 1 (0.068%) RosettaNet
8 1 (0.068%) TickIT
8 1 (0.068%) WAI
System Software
1 109 (7.44%) Docker
2 15 (1.02%) Virtual Machines
3 10 (0.68%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.48%) HDFS
5 5 (0.34%) Active Directory
6 4 (0.27%) vSphere
6 4 (0.27%) Xen
7 2 (0.14%) Firmware
8 1 (0.068%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.068%) GridGain
8 1 (0.068%) Microsoft App-V
8 1 (0.068%) NFS
Systems Management
1 111 (7.58%) Kubernetes
2 45 (3.07%) Terraform
3 33 (2.25%) Ansible
4 29 (1.98%) Puppet
5 17 (1.16%) Opscode Chef
6 8 (0.55%) Grafana
7 6 (0.41%) HAProxy
8 5 (0.34%) Consul
9 3 (0.20%) Control-M
9 3 (0.20%) Graphite
9 3 (0.20%) HP Operations Orchestration
9 3 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
10 2 (0.14%) HP ALM
10 2 (0.14%) Kibana
10 2 (0.14%) OpenView Configuration Management
10 2 (0.14%) SCOM
11 1 (0.068%) Galera Cluster
11 1 (0.068%) Marathon
11 1 (0.068%) Mesos
11 1 (0.068%) Nessus
Vendors
1 182 (12.42%) Microsoft
2 130 (8.87%) Oracle
3 66 (4.51%) Google
4 64 (4.37%) SAP
5 33 (2.25%) Remedy
6 30 (2.05%) Apple
6 30 (2.05%) IBM
7 28 (1.91%) webMethods
8 21 (1.43%) Salesforce.com
8 21 (1.43%) Zend
9 18 (1.23%) Informatica
10 17 (1.16%) Adobe
11 16 (1.09%) VMware
12 15 (1.02%) hybris
13 13 (0.89%) Solace
13 13 (0.89%) Tableau
14 12 (0.82%) HP
15 10 (0.68%) Atlassian
16 9 (0.61%) IBM Sterling
16 9 (0.61%) Xamarin