Period
to 20 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 20 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
20 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 75 69 61
Rank change year-on-year -6 -8 -5
Contract jobs citing OO 3,052 3,045 3,409
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.01% 3.20% 3.18%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.55% 3.81% 3.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,328 2,160 2,455
UK median daily rate £475 £430 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.47% +3.61% +3.75%
10th Percentile £343 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 46 67 98
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £41.00 £42.88
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.76% -4.37% +7.19%
10th Percentile £35.75 £32.30 £35.50
90th Percentile £49.38 £48.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £41.00 £43.00
% change year-on-year +9.76% -4.65% +7.50%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,028 79,861 88,707
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.72% 83.81% 82.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,485 52,916 57,691
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £288 £263 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +3.13% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,077 2,220 2,614
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £25.00 £24.55
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.00% +1.83% +22.75%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.25 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.63 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.56 £25.00 £26.00
% change year-on-year -1.76% -3.85% +23.81%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing OO.

Contractor daily rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 20 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO.

Contractor hourly rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 20 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 20 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 2,815 £500 +14.29% 1,528
London +1 1,890 £525 +10.53% 576
UK excluding London -34 1,144 £415 +3.75% 1,045
South East -27 316 £475 +11.76% 237
North of England -31 255 £400 +5.26% 328
Yorkshire +8 164 £400 +5.96% 125
Midlands -28 157 £399 +3.57% 139
Scotland -2 131 £380 +1.00% 68
East of England -35 123 £450 +12.50% 146
South West -32 91 £363 +3.57% 102
West Midlands -23 83 £375 - 71
North West -59 76 £369 -6.65% 164
East Midlands -18 75 £425 +4.29% 67
Northern Ireland +30 66 £440 +6.67% 10
Wales -21 31 £395 -4.82% 15
North East -19 15 £370 -8.64% 39

For the 6 months to 20 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 1,720 (56.36%) Agile Software Development
2 1,400 (45.87%) Java
3 1,159 (37.98%) JavaScript
4 956 (31.32%) TDD
5 832 (27.26%) HTML
6 756 (24.77%) C#
7 692 (22.67%) Finance
8 683 (22.38%) CSS
9 660 (21.63%) Git (software)
10 652 (21.36%) SQL
11 604 (19.79%) Test Automation
12 590 (19.33%) .NET
13 551 (18.05%) Continuous Integration
14 535 (17.53%) OOP
15 511 (16.74%) OOD
16 502 (16.45%) Scrum
17 486 (15.92%) Spring
18 480 (15.73%) RESTful
19 478 (15.66%) AngularJS
20 473 (15.50%) HTML5
21 418 (13.70%) Linux
22 415 (13.60%) Web Services
22 415 (13.60%) Amazon AWS
23 412 (13.50%) Oracle
24 402 (13.17%) REST
25 401 (13.14%) Relational Database
26 399 (13.07%) React
27 393 (12.88%) SQL Server
28 376 (12.32%) MVC
29 373 (12.22%) Python

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 171 (5.60%) Tomcat
2 142 (4.65%) Confluence
3 133 (4.36%) WebSphere
4 126 (4.13%) WebLogic
5 104 (3.41%) OpenStack
6 83 (2.72%) CMS
7 71 (2.33%) WildFly
8 67 (2.20%) Apache
9 64 (2.10%) JBoss
10 39 (1.28%) Apache Spark
11 35 (1.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 34 (1.11%) Drupal
13 32 (1.05%) Apache Solr
14 30 (0.98%) Elasticsearch
15 29 (0.95%) WordPress
16 23 (0.75%) NServiceBus
17 22 (0.72%) SharePoint
18 20 (0.66%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 19 (0.62%) Apache ServiceMix
19 19 (0.62%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 26 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.39%) Photoshop
3 7 (0.23%) Pipeline Pilot
4 5 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 5 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.13%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.13%) SPSS
6 3 (0.098%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.066%) Simulink
7 2 (0.066%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.033%) LaTeX
8 1 (0.033%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.033%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 38 (1.25%) Magento
2 12 (0.39%) SAP Hybris
3 5 (0.16%) ION MarketView
3 5 (0.16%) Markit EDM
4 4 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 3 (0.098%) Actimize
5 3 (0.098%) Endur
5 3 (0.098%) Global One
6 2 (0.066%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.066%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.066%) SAP HCM
6 2 (0.066%) SAP SRM
6 2 (0.066%) Shopify
7 1 (0.033%) FINCAD Analytics
7 1 (0.033%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 1 (0.033%) MetaTrader
7 1 (0.033%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 1 (0.033%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.033%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 415 (13.60%) Amazon AWS
2 273 (8.94%) Microsoft Azure
3 85 (2.79%) GitHub
4 48 (1.57%) SaaS
5 45 (1.47%) IaaS
6 41 (1.34%) npm
7 38 (1.25%) Serverless
8 35 (1.15%) PaaS
9 34 (1.11%) Google Analytics
10 23 (0.75%) iPaaS
11 22 (0.72%) Heroku
12 21 (0.69%) Google Cloud Platform
13 20 (0.66%) Force.com
14 19 (0.62%) Amazon S3
15 18 (0.59%) SuccessFactors
16 17 (0.56%) Amazon EC2
17 11 (0.36%) Yarn
18 10 (0.33%) AWS Lambda
19 9 (0.29%) Firebase
20 8 (0.26%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 87 (2.85%) HTTP
2 51 (1.67%) TCP/IP
3 33 (1.08%) Internet
3 33 (1.08%) SSL
4 32 (1.05%) DNS
5 29 (0.95%) FTP
6 22 (0.72%) DHCP
7 15 (0.49%) SMTP
8 14 (0.46%) LTE
9 13 (0.43%) IPsec
10 11 (0.36%) Intranet
11 9 (0.29%) AMQP
11 9 (0.29%) Asterisk PBX
11 9 (0.29%) GSM
11 9 (0.29%) HTTPS
11 9 (0.29%) MGW
11 9 (0.29%) PBX
11 9 (0.29%) RTP
11 9 (0.29%) UMTS
11 9 (0.29%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 401 (13.14%) Relational Database
2 393 (12.88%) SQL Server
3 344 (11.27%) NoSQL
4 272 (8.91%) MySQL
5 226 (7.40%) RDBMS
6 196 (6.42%) PostgreSQL
7 157 (5.14%) MongoDB
8 70 (2.29%) Oracle Database
9 63 (2.06%) Big Data
10 52 (1.70%) SQL Server 2014
11 48 (1.57%) Hadoop
12 43 (1.41%) DB2
13 38 (1.25%) SQL Server 2012
14 36 (1.18%) Redis
15 33 (1.08%) SQL Server 2016
16 30 (0.98%) Data Warehouse
17 28 (0.92%) Apache Cassandra
17 28 (0.92%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 27 (0.88%) KDB
19 24 (0.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 660 (21.63%) Git (software)
2 344 (11.27%) Maven
3 312 (10.22%) Jenkins
4 272 (8.91%) JUnit
5 251 (8.22%) JIRA
6 203 (6.65%) Subversion
7 160 (5.24%) NUnit
8 126 (4.13%) Mockito
9 123 (4.03%) Selenium
10 118 (3.87%) SonarQube
11 111 (3.64%) MSTest
12 102 (3.34%) Cucumber
13 84 (2.75%) Mercurial
14 82 (2.69%) Vagrant
15 75 (2.46%) TeamCity
16 73 (2.39%) Visual Studio
17 72 (2.36%) Checkstyle
17 72 (2.36%) Liquibase
18 71 (2.33%) Eclipse
19 66 (2.16%) Gradle
General
1 692 (22.67%) Finance
2 283 (9.27%) Banking
3 249 (8.16%) Front Office
4 116 (3.80%) Investment Banking
5 83 (2.72%) Marketing
6 78 (2.56%) Retail
7 49 (1.61%) Telecoms
8 45 (1.47%) Financial Institution
8 45 (1.47%) Publishing
9 43 (1.41%) Advertising
9 43 (1.41%) Games
10 41 (1.34%) Retail Banking
11 27 (0.88%) Manufacturing
12 23 (0.75%) Back Office
13 20 (0.66%) Electronics
13 20 (0.66%) Multimedia
14 8 (0.26%) Law
15 7 (0.23%) Automotive
15 7 (0.23%) Legal
15 7 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,391 (78.34%) Developer
2 802 (26.28%) Java Developer
3 329 (10.78%) Senior Developer
4 316 (10.35%) C# Developer
5 232 (7.60%) .NET Developer
6 227 (7.44%) JavaScript Developer
7 171 (5.60%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 166 (5.44%) Senior Java Developer
9 130 (4.26%) Software Engineer
10 127 (4.16%) React Developer
11 120 (3.93%) Full Stack Developer
12 118 (3.87%) Architect
13 116 (3.80%) PHP Developer
14 113 (3.70%) Angular Developer
15 104 (3.41%) Agile Developer
16 97 (3.18%) Python Developer
17 89 (2.92%) C++ Developer
18 88 (2.88%) C# .NET Developer
19 83 (2.72%) WPF Developer
20 75 (2.46%) Front Office Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 832 (27.26%) HTML
2 683 (22.38%) CSS
3 590 (19.33%) .NET
4 486 (15.92%) Spring
5 480 (15.73%) RESTful
6 478 (15.66%) AngularJS
7 473 (15.50%) HTML5
8 415 (13.60%) Web Services
9 402 (13.17%) REST
10 399 (13.07%) React
11 332 (10.88%) jQuery
12 301 (9.86%) Hibernate
13 297 (9.73%) CSS3
14 295 (9.67%) Node.js
15 272 (8.91%) JSON
16 258 (8.45%) XML
17 218 (7.14%) SOAP
18 195 (6.39%) ASP.NET
19 155 (5.08%) WPF
20 154 (5.05%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 276 (9.04%) Analytical Skills
2 241 (7.90%) Algorithms
3 238 (7.80%) Data Structures
4 219 (7.18%) Computer Science
5 217 (7.11%) Greenfield Project
6 172 (5.64%) User Experience
7 117 (3.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 99 (3.24%) Mobile App
9 85 (2.79%) Linux Command Line
10 77 (2.52%) Derivative
11 60 (1.97%) Fintech
12 57 (1.87%) Equities
13 50 (1.64%) Enterprise Software
14 42 (1.38%) iPad
15 37 (1.21%) Fixed Income
16 36 (1.18%) iPhone
17 35 (1.15%) Virtual Team
18 30 (0.98%) N-Tier
19 29 (0.95%) Grid Computing
20 26 (0.85%) Credit Derivative
Operating Systems
1 418 (13.70%) Linux
2 321 (10.52%) Unix
3 141 (4.62%) Windows
4 97 (3.18%) Apple iOS
5 82 (2.69%) Android
6 66 (2.16%) VMS
7 26 (0.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 14 (0.46%) CentOS
9 9 (0.29%) Windows Server
10 8 (0.26%) Mac OS X
10 8 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
11 7 (0.23%) HPUX
11 7 (0.23%) Windows 10
11 7 (0.23%) Windows 7
11 7 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
12 6 (0.20%) Ubuntu
13 5 (0.16%) AIX
13 5 (0.16%) Solaris
14 4 (0.13%) DC/OS
15 3 (0.098%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,720 (56.36%) Agile Software Development
2 956 (31.32%) TDD
3 604 (19.79%) Test Automation
4 551 (18.05%) Continuous Integration
5 535 (17.53%) OOP
6 511 (16.74%) OOD
7 502 (16.45%) Scrum
8 376 (12.32%) MVC
9 355 (11.63%) Microservices
10 353 (11.57%) Software Engineering
11 331 (10.85%) BDD
12 273 (8.94%) Front End Development
13 259 (8.49%) Unit Testing
14 244 (7.99%) DevOps
14 244 (7.99%) Multithreading
15 215 (7.04%) SDLC
16 213 (6.98%) E-Commerce
17 211 (6.91%) Web Development
18 193 (6.32%) SOLID
19 192 (6.29%) OOA/OOD
Programming Languages
1 1,400 (45.87%) Java
2 1,159 (37.98%) JavaScript
3 756 (24.77%) C#
4 652 (21.36%) SQL
5 373 (12.22%) Python
6 278 (9.11%) C++
7 193 (6.32%) PHP
8 106 (3.47%) ES6
9 104 (3.41%) Perl
10 103 (3.37%) Scala
11 95 (3.11%) Ruby
12 87 (2.85%) TypeScript
13 72 (2.36%) JPQL
14 71 (2.33%) T-SQL
15 61 (2.00%) Objective-C
16 59 (1.93%) C
17 52 (1.70%) Apple Swift
18 49 (1.61%) PL/SQL
18 49 (1.61%) VB.NET
19 48 (1.57%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 247 (8.09%) Degree
2 171 (5.60%) Security Cleared
3 128 (4.19%) SC Cleared
4 75 (2.46%) Computer Science Degree
5 64 (2.10%) PhD
6 25 (0.82%) Master's Degree
7 20 (0.66%) DV Cleared
8 16 (0.52%) Numerate Degree
9 12 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
10 7 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
11 6 (0.20%) ISTQB
12 3 (0.098%) ISEB
12 3 (0.098%) MCAD
12 3 (0.098%) MCSD
12 3 (0.098%) MCTS
13 2 (0.066%) DBS Check
13 2 (0.066%) PMI Certification
13 2 (0.066%) PMP
13 2 (0.066%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
14 1 (0.033%) CAPM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 109 (3.57%) QA
2 28 (0.92%) MiFID
3 25 (0.82%) EMIR
4 17 (0.56%) WCAG
5 16 (0.52%) PCI DSS
6 10 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
7 9 (0.29%) Data Quality
8 8 (0.26%) Dodd-Frank
8 8 (0.26%) GCP
9 4 (0.13%) SLA
9 4 (0.13%) WAI
10 3 (0.098%) GDPR
11 2 (0.066%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 2 (0.066%) CDISC
11 2 (0.066%) DO-178B
11 2 (0.066%) GxP
11 2 (0.066%) HL7
12 1 (0.033%) BS7666
12 1 (0.033%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 1 (0.033%) UCITS
System Software
1 185 (6.06%) Docker
2 34 (1.11%) Active Directory
3 19 (0.62%) Virtual Machines
4 12 (0.39%) VMware Infrastructure
5 9 (0.29%) Apache Flume
6 8 (0.26%) vSphere
7 4 (0.13%) HDFS
8 3 (0.098%) GeoWebCache
9 2 (0.066%) KVM
10 1 (0.033%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.033%) NFS
10 1 (0.033%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 176 (5.77%) Puppet
2 162 (5.31%) Ansible
3 147 (4.82%) Opscode Chef
4 63 (2.06%) Kubernetes
5 25 (0.82%) Terraform
6 8 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
7 6 (0.20%) Control-M
7 6 (0.20%) Kibana
7 6 (0.20%) logstash
7 6 (0.20%) Salt
8 5 (0.16%) Oozie
8 5 (0.16%) WebSphere Cast Iron
9 4 (0.13%) BladeLogic
9 4 (0.13%) Marathon
10 2 (0.066%) Apache Brooklyn
10 2 (0.066%) Docker Swarm
10 2 (0.066%) HP Operations Orchestration
10 2 (0.066%) Mesos
10 2 (0.066%) Nagios
10 2 (0.066%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 412 (13.50%) Oracle
2 179 (5.87%) Microsoft
3 89 (2.92%) Google
4 67 (2.20%) SAP
5 60 (1.97%) Sybase
6 58 (1.90%) Red Hat
7 52 (1.70%) TIBCO
8 49 (1.61%) Salesforce.com
9 40 (1.31%) Zend
10 35 (1.15%) Apple
11 33 (1.08%) hybris
12 31 (1.02%) Perforce
13 30 (0.98%) Adobe
13 30 (0.98%) Atlassian
14 26 (0.85%) IBM
14 26 (0.85%) Reuters
15 25 (0.82%) Bloomberg
16 21 (0.69%) Workday
17 19 (0.62%) Capita
17 19 (0.62%) MuleSoft