Period
to 16 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 16 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
16 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 73 69 69
Rank change year-on-year -4 0 -7
Contract jobs citing OO 3,378 2,996 3,310
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.26% 3.16% 3.01%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.80% 3.72% 3.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,382 2,150 2,389
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £356 £313 £305
90th Percentile £650 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +9.38% +6.67% +1.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 47 72 70
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £43.50 £42.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.45% +2.96% +5.63%
10th Percentile £23.90 £32.50 £25.70
90th Percentile £53.75 £67.50 £50.59
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.50 £45.00 £42.25
% change year-on-year -1.11% +6.51% +6.62%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,980 80,536 92,751
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.78% 84.86% 84.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,666 52,670 61,077
UK median daily rate £450 £445 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.12% +4.71% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £601
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,434 2,128 2,295
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £25.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.00% - +16.28%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.50 £11.72
90th Percentile £50.00 £52.50 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £25.06
% change year-on-year -20.00% -0.24% +16.29%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing OO.

Contractor daily rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 16 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO.

Contractor hourly rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 16 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 16 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 3,075 £498 +10.56% 1,303
London -4 1,828 £525 +5.00% 457
UK excluding London -4 1,505 £438 +9.38% 953
South East 0 442 £475 +11.76% 215
North of England 0 342 £400 - 261
Midlands +4 204 £440 +27.54% 124
Yorkshire +21 201 £400 - 72
Scotland +1 192 £400 +6.67% 72
South West +32 137 £425 +13.33% 127
North West -33 117 £400 +6.67% 164
East of England -13 111 £475 +24.59% 119
West Midlands +19 105 £438 +34.62% 68
East Midlands -3 97 £450 +28.57% 56
Northern Ireland -10 46 £462 +11.88% 19
Wales -16 35 £418 +3.09% 16
North East -20 24 £400 +5.26% 25

For the 6 months to 16 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 1,914 (56.66%) Agile Software Development
2 1,595 (47.22%) Java
3 1,281 (37.92%) JavaScript
4 1,151 (34.07%) TDD
5 884 (26.17%) HTML
6 796 (23.56%) C#
7 745 (22.05%) Git (software)
8 744 (22.02%) OOP
9 718 (21.26%) CSS
10 716 (21.20%) Finance
11 714 (21.14%) Test Automation
12 705 (20.87%) SQL
13 670 (19.83%) .NET
14 598 (17.70%) Scrum
15 566 (16.76%) Continuous Integration
16 537 (15.90%) RESTful
17 525 (15.54%) Spring
18 518 (15.33%) Amazon AWS
19 515 (15.25%) AngularJS
20 497 (14.71%) HTML5
21 482 (14.27%) Microservices
22 478 (14.15%) OOD
23 476 (14.09%) Python
24 466 (13.80%) MVC
25 460 (13.62%) Relational Database
26 455 (13.47%) REST
27 448 (13.26%) Jenkins
28 444 (13.14%) Linux
29 438 (12.97%) React
30 430 (12.73%) SQL Server

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 183 (5.42%) Confluence
2 156 (4.62%) WebLogic
3 153 (4.53%) Tomcat
4 143 (4.23%) WebSphere
5 128 (3.79%) Apache
6 94 (2.78%) OpenStack
7 86 (2.55%) Elasticsearch
8 80 (2.37%) Apache Spark
9 78 (2.31%) JBoss
10 73 (2.16%) CMS
11 52 (1.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 40 (1.18%) NServiceBus
13 38 (1.12%) Drupal
14 33 (0.98%) WildFly
15 31 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
16 28 (0.83%) Apache Solr
17 24 (0.71%) nginx
18 21 (0.62%) SharePoint
19 20 (0.59%) BizTalk Server
20 18 (0.53%) IIS
Applications
1 36 (1.07%) Microsoft Excel
2 27 (0.80%) Photoshop
3 12 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
4 11 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.089%) Blender
5 3 (0.089%) Maya
5 3 (0.089%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.089%) Windchill
6 2 (0.059%) CATIA
6 2 (0.059%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.059%) Fireworks
6 2 (0.059%) PTC Creo
6 2 (0.059%) Siemens NX
6 2 (0.059%) SOLIDWORKS
7 1 (0.030%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.030%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.030%) InDesign
7 1 (0.030%) InVision
7 1 (0.030%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.030%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 59 (1.75%) Magento
2 24 (0.71%) Dynamics CRM
3 10 (0.30%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 9 (0.27%) Endur
4 9 (0.27%) Markit EDM
5 7 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
6 6 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
6 6 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 5 (0.15%) AquaLogic BPM
7 5 (0.15%) Global One
7 5 (0.15%) ION MarketView
7 5 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
9 3 (0.089%) SAP PSCD
10 2 (0.059%) ENOVIA
10 2 (0.059%) SAP HCM
10 2 (0.059%) SAP S/4HANA
10 2 (0.059%) Teamcenter
11 1 (0.030%) R3 Corda
11 1 (0.030%) SAP VC
Cloud Services
1 518 (15.33%) Amazon AWS
2 351 (10.39%) Microsoft Azure
3 143 (4.23%) GitHub
4 94 (2.78%) Serverless
5 44 (1.30%) Amazon EC2
6 42 (1.24%) npm
7 38 (1.12%) Google Cloud Platform
8 30 (0.89%) Heroku
9 28 (0.83%) Amazon Kinesis
10 27 (0.80%) AWS CloudFormation
10 27 (0.80%) PaaS
11 24 (0.71%) Amazon EMR
12 21 (0.62%) AWS Lambda
12 21 (0.62%) SaaS
13 19 (0.56%) IaaS
14 18 (0.53%) Force.com
15 17 (0.50%) OpenShift
16 16 (0.47%) Yarn
17 15 (0.44%) Amazon S3
17 15 (0.44%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 141 (4.17%) HTTP
2 51 (1.51%) TCP/IP
3 38 (1.12%) DNS
4 37 (1.10%) SSL
5 35 (1.04%) FTP
6 32 (0.95%) DHCP
7 25 (0.74%) IPsec
8 21 (0.62%) Internet
9 15 (0.44%) AMQP
9 15 (0.44%) SMTP
10 12 (0.36%) HTTPS
11 11 (0.33%) Network Security
12 10 (0.30%) Wi-Fi
13 7 (0.21%) Bluetooth
13 7 (0.21%) Intrusion Detection
14 6 (0.18%) IMAP
15 5 (0.15%) FIX Connectivity
15 5 (0.15%) MQTT
16 4 (0.12%) BIG-IP
16 4 (0.12%) DLNA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 460 (13.62%) Relational Database
2 430 (12.73%) SQL Server
3 336 (9.95%) NoSQL
4 312 (9.24%) MySQL
5 234 (6.93%) PostgreSQL
6 201 (5.95%) RDBMS
7 145 (4.29%) MongoDB
8 95 (2.81%) Big Data
9 86 (2.55%) Hadoop
10 63 (1.87%) Oracle Database
11 54 (1.60%) SQL Server 2014
12 52 (1.54%) SQL Server 2012
13 45 (1.33%) Apache Cassandra
14 42 (1.24%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 41 (1.21%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 40 (1.18%) Apache Hive
16 40 (1.18%) SQL Server 2016
17 37 (1.10%) DB2
17 37 (1.10%) HBase
18 32 (0.95%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 745 (22.05%) Git (software)
2 448 (13.26%) Jenkins
3 374 (11.07%) Maven
4 304 (9.00%) JIRA
5 281 (8.32%) JUnit
6 185 (5.48%) NUnit
7 183 (5.42%) Selenium
8 173 (5.12%) Subversion
9 137 (4.06%) Cucumber
10 117 (3.46%) TeamCity
11 116 (3.43%) Mockito
12 111 (3.29%) Eclipse
13 107 (3.17%) MSTest
14 97 (2.87%) SonarQube
15 94 (2.78%) webpack
16 93 (2.75%) Jasmine
17 86 (2.55%) Gradle
18 83 (2.46%) Team Foundation Server
19 82 (2.43%) Visual Studio
20 74 (2.19%) Mercurial
General
1 716 (21.20%) Finance
2 287 (8.50%) Banking
3 215 (6.36%) Front Office
4 131 (3.88%) Retail
5 104 (3.08%) Investment Banking
6 67 (1.98%) Telecoms
7 57 (1.69%) Marketing
8 47 (1.39%) Games
9 44 (1.30%) Publishing
10 40 (1.18%) Financial Institution
11 31 (0.92%) Manufacturing
12 27 (0.80%) Electronics
13 26 (0.77%) Law
14 25 (0.74%) Back Office
15 15 (0.44%) Legal
16 14 (0.41%) Advertising
17 11 (0.33%) Retail Banking
18 10 (0.30%) Prime Brokerage
19 8 (0.24%) Local Government
19 8 (0.24%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 2,501 (74.04%) Developer
2 775 (22.94%) Java Developer
3 347 (10.27%) Senior Developer
4 289 (8.56%) C# Developer
5 274 (8.11%) .NET Developer
6 222 (6.57%) JavaScript Developer
7 186 (5.51%) Software Engineer
8 171 (5.06%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 144 (4.26%) React Developer
10 142 (4.20%) Senior Java Developer
11 124 (3.67%) PHP Developer
12 120 (3.55%) Architect
13 119 (3.52%) Full Stack Developer
14 113 (3.35%) Python Developer
15 111 (3.29%) C# .NET Developer
16 108 (3.20%) C++ Developer
17 94 (2.78%) DevOps Engineer
18 91 (2.69%) Digital Developer
19 88 (2.61%) AWS Engineer
20 87 (2.58%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 884 (26.17%) HTML
2 718 (21.26%) CSS
3 670 (19.83%) .NET
4 537 (15.90%) RESTful
5 525 (15.54%) Spring
6 515 (15.25%) AngularJS
7 497 (14.71%) HTML5
8 455 (13.47%) REST
9 438 (12.97%) React
10 429 (12.70%) Web Services
11 347 (10.27%) JSON
12 345 (10.21%) XML
13 333 (9.86%) Hibernate
14 324 (9.59%) jQuery
15 302 (8.94%) Node.js
16 286 (8.47%) CSS3
17 279 (8.26%) ASP.NET
18 248 (7.34%) SOAP
19 197 (5.83%) ASP.NET Web API
20 189 (5.60%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 277 (8.20%) Greenfield Project
2 263 (7.79%) Computer Science
3 251 (7.43%) Analytical Skills
4 230 (6.81%) User Experience
5 221 (6.54%) Data Structures
6 202 (5.98%) Algorithms
7 138 (4.09%) Mobile App
8 114 (3.37%) Derivative
9 99 (2.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 84 (2.49%) Self-Motivation
11 83 (2.46%) Fintech
12 78 (2.31%) Fixed Income
12 78 (2.31%) Linux Command Line
13 56 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
14 55 (1.63%) Equities
15 38 (1.12%) iPad
16 33 (0.98%) iPhone
17 29 (0.86%) Market Risk
18 26 (0.77%) Wiki
19 22 (0.65%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 444 (13.14%) Linux
2 350 (10.36%) Unix
3 155 (4.59%) Windows
4 112 (3.32%) Android
5 101 (2.99%) Apple iOS
6 37 (1.10%) VMS
7 34 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 23 (0.68%) CentOS
9 17 (0.50%) Mac OS X
10 10 (0.30%) Mac OS
10 10 (0.30%) Ubuntu
10 10 (0.30%) Windows Server
11 9 (0.27%) AIX
12 8 (0.24%) Solaris
13 5 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
14 3 (0.089%) VME
14 3 (0.089%) Windows 10
14 3 (0.089%) Windows 7
14 3 (0.089%) Windows Phone
14 3 (0.089%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,914 (56.66%) Agile Software Development
2 1,151 (34.07%) TDD
3 744 (22.02%) OOP
4 714 (21.14%) Test Automation
5 598 (17.70%) Scrum
6 566 (16.76%) Continuous Integration
7 482 (14.27%) Microservices
8 478 (14.15%) OOD
9 466 (13.80%) MVC
10 430 (12.73%) Software Engineering
11 412 (12.20%) Problem-Solving
12 399 (11.81%) BDD
13 326 (9.65%) DevOps
14 319 (9.44%) Unit Testing
15 288 (8.53%) Front End Development
15 288 (8.53%) Multithreading
16 272 (8.05%) SOA
17 263 (7.79%) SOLID
18 255 (7.55%) Open Source
19 224 (6.63%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,595 (47.22%) Java
2 1,281 (37.92%) JavaScript
3 796 (23.56%) C#
4 705 (20.87%) SQL
5 476 (14.09%) Python
6 380 (11.25%) C++
7 313 (9.27%) Java 8
8 262 (7.76%) PHP
9 148 (4.38%) ES6
10 141 (4.17%) Scala
11 130 (3.85%) Perl
12 116 (3.43%) Shell Script
13 101 (2.99%) TypeScript
14 96 (2.84%) Ruby
15 79 (2.34%) C
16 72 (2.13%) Apple Swift
17 70 (2.07%) PL/SQL
18 61 (1.81%) T-SQL
19 60 (1.78%) Objective-C
20 52 (1.54%) Go
Qualifications
1 293 (8.67%) Degree
2 200 (5.92%) Security Cleared
3 156 (4.62%) SC Cleared
4 94 (2.78%) Computer Science Degree
5 22 (0.65%) Numerate Degree
6 19 (0.56%) DV Cleared
6 19 (0.56%) Master's Degree
6 19 (0.56%) PhD
7 14 (0.41%) ISTQB
8 9 (0.27%) BPSS Clearance
8 9 (0.27%) ISEB
9 6 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 6 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
9 6 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
10 4 (0.12%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.089%) CTC Cleared
12 2 (0.059%) HPE ATP
12 2 (0.059%) OCA
12 2 (0.059%) Oracle Certification
13 1 (0.030%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 116 (3.43%) QA
2 22 (0.65%) PCI DSS
3 15 (0.44%) GCP
3 15 (0.44%) MiFID
4 12 (0.36%) Data Quality
5 11 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
6 10 (0.30%) WCAG
7 9 (0.27%) EMIR
8 7 (0.21%) Dodd-Frank
9 4 (0.12%) PMO
10 3 (0.089%) GDPR
11 2 (0.059%) SLA
12 1 (0.030%) DO-160
12 1 (0.030%) ECSS
12 1 (0.030%) IFRS
12 1 (0.030%) IFRS 9
12 1 (0.030%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 1 (0.030%) MIL-STD-1553
12 1 (0.030%) WAI
System Software
1 280 (8.29%) Docker
2 51 (1.51%) Virtual Machines
3 24 (0.71%) Active Directory
4 22 (0.65%) HDFS
5 16 (0.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 10 (0.30%) VMware Infrastructure
7 7 (0.21%) vSphere
8 3 (0.089%) Firmware
9 2 (0.059%) GeoWebCache
9 2 (0.059%) Sendmail
10 1 (0.030%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.030%) Squid
Systems Management
1 211 (6.25%) Puppet
2 206 (6.10%) Opscode Chef
3 190 (5.62%) Ansible
4 117 (3.46%) Kubernetes
5 49 (1.45%) Terraform
6 26 (0.77%) Salt
7 15 (0.44%) Control-M
8 11 (0.33%) Single Sign-On
9 10 (0.30%) Amdocs OSS
10 7 (0.21%) Docker Swarm
11 6 (0.18%) Forum Sentry
12 5 (0.15%) Packer
13 4 (0.12%) Nagios
13 4 (0.12%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
14 3 (0.089%) Capistrano
14 3 (0.089%) HP Operations Orchestration
14 3 (0.089%) ITRS Geneos
14 3 (0.089%) Kibana
14 3 (0.089%) logstash
14 3 (0.089%) Mesos
Vendors
1 406 (12.02%) Oracle
2 216 (6.39%) Microsoft
3 83 (2.46%) Google
4 78 (2.31%) SAP
5 70 (2.07%) Sybase
6 58 (1.72%) Zend
7 51 (1.51%) Adobe
8 50 (1.48%) Red Hat
9 46 (1.36%) Salesforce.com
10 44 (1.30%) Perforce
11 43 (1.27%) Atlassian
12 39 (1.15%) Twitter
13 31 (0.92%) MapR
14 29 (0.86%) IBM
15 25 (0.74%) Informatica
15 25 (0.74%) Reuters
16 24 (0.71%) Capita
17 22 (0.65%) BEA
18 20 (0.59%) TIBCO
19 18 (0.53%) hybris