Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 145 135 122
Rank change year-on-year -10 -13 -47
Contract jobs citing OO 1,309 677 1,883
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.82% 1.86% 2.06%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.05% 2.15% 2.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 831 425 1,287
10th Percentile £363 £333 £358
25th Percentile £425 £400 £420
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £509 £475 £500
Median % change year-on-year +7.05% -5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £638 £580 £588
90th Percentile £730 £662 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £450
% change year-on-year +5.88% -5.56% +4.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 12 33
10th Percentile £37.14 £39.39 £33.10
25th Percentile £41.25 £45.56 £41.00
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.31 £44.50
Median % change year-on-year -4.88% +6.31% -
75th Percentile £52.16 £58.44 £49.75
90th Percentile £55.00 £68.75 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £48.12 £45.00
% change year-on-year -6.47% +6.92% +2.86%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 63,768 31,476 80,103
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 88.74% 86.65% 87.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 43,905 21,020 53,536
10th Percentile £313 £300 £300
25th Percentile £406 £400 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £576 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,694 909 2,205
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.42 £11.49
25th Percentile £14.51 £16.25 £14.38
Median hourly rate £23.00 £24.70 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -6.88% +9.78% +12.50%
75th Percentile £47.19 £46.00 £45.00
90th Percentile £60.50 £55.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.50 £21.88 £22.50
% change year-on-year -6.31% -2.76% +19.24%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing OO.

Daily rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing OO.

Hourly rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 1,085 £530 +11.58% 737
London -25 613 £600 +15.38% 301
UK excluding London +30 507 £450 +5.88% 500
Work from Home -51 361 £500 +15.54% 171
South East +36 121 £450 - 110
Midlands +16 115 £415 +9.14% 71
West Midlands +32 91 £439 +8.94% 46
East of England +16 71 £550 +37.50% 47
North of England -27 64 £425 -3.95% 131
Scotland -29 59 £425 +6.25% 41
North West -4 55 £405 -2.41% 73
South West -7 45 £525 +20.69% 75
Wales -3 28 £500 +5.26% 18
East Midlands -22 24 £344 +8.18% 25
Yorkshire -30 6 £488 -17.37% 36
Northern Ireland -12 4 - - 6
North East -10 3 £450 -19.64% 22

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 690 (52.71%) Agile Software Development
2 548 (41.86%) Java
3 438 (33.46%) SQL
4 397 (30.33%) JavaScript
5 381 (29.11%) OOP
6 360 (27.50%) Social Skills
7 316 (24.14%) Git (software)
8 300 (22.92%) C#
9 296 (22.61%) Software Engineering
10 294 (22.46%) .NET
11 282 (21.54%) Python
12 275 (21.01%) DevOps
13 254 (19.40%) Microservices
14 253 (19.33%) Scrum
15 242 (18.49%) HTML
16 239 (18.26%) TDD
17 235 (17.95%) Oracle
18 228 (17.42%) OOD
19 226 (17.27%) Problem-Solving
20 221 (16.88%) SQL Server
21 220 (16.81%) Azure
22 219 (16.73%) Jenkins
23 208 (15.89%) Finance
24 201 (15.36%) AWS
25 200 (15.28%) React
26 193 (14.74%) Linux
27 191 (14.59%) Spring
28 188 (14.36%) CSS
29 186 (14.21%) JIRA
29 186 (14.21%) Test Automation

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 86 (6.57%) Confluence
2 78 (5.96%) WebLogic
3 48 (3.67%) Apache Spark
4 41 (3.13%) Apache
5 39 (2.98%) Red Hat Fuse
6 30 (2.29%) JBoss
7 23 (1.76%) Apache Airflow
7 23 (1.76%) Luigi
8 22 (1.68%) SharePoint
9 21 (1.60%) Elasticsearch
10 19 (1.45%) Mule
10 19 (1.45%) Tomcat
11 16 (1.22%) CMS
12 11 (0.84%) DataSynapse
13 10 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 10 (0.76%) WebSphere
14 8 (0.61%) IIS
15 7 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
15 7 (0.53%) Oracle Workflow
16 6 (0.46%) Umbraco
Applications
1 29 (2.22%) Simulink
2 17 (1.30%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (0.61%) Photoshop
4 6 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
5 3 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.076%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.076%) Doxygen
Business Applications
1 16 (1.22%) Magento
2 10 (0.76%) Dynamics CRM
3 9 (0.69%) SAP Hybris
4 5 (0.38%) SAP IS-U
4 5 (0.38%) SAP S/4HANA
4 5 (0.38%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 4 (0.31%) BASE24
5 4 (0.31%) ION MarketView
5 4 (0.31%) SAP CO
5 4 (0.31%) SAP FI
5 4 (0.31%) SAP FI/CO
6 3 (0.23%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 2 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.15%) Teamcenter
8 1 (0.076%) assyst
8 1 (0.076%) Endur
8 1 (0.076%) OpenText VIM for SAP
8 1 (0.076%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
8 1 (0.076%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.076%) SAP Payroll
Cloud Services
1 220 (16.81%) Azure
2 201 (15.36%) AWS
3 73 (5.58%) Serverless
4 69 (5.27%) GitHub
5 47 (3.59%) SaaS
6 45 (3.44%) GCP
7 43 (3.28%) AWS CloudFormation
8 36 (2.75%) AWS Lambda
9 31 (2.37%) Amazon ECS
10 27 (2.06%) Power Platform
11 24 (1.83%) Amazon S3
11 24 (1.83%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 22 (1.68%) Amazon EKS
13 20 (1.53%) Amazon EC2
13 20 (1.53%) PaaS
14 19 (1.45%) npm
15 18 (1.38%) Azure Functions
15 18 (1.38%) IaaS
16 16 (1.22%) Amazon SQS
16 16 (1.22%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 27 (2.06%) HTTP
2 23 (1.76%) TCP/IP
3 18 (1.38%) SNMP
3 18 (1.38%) VoIP
4 13 (0.99%) Firewall
5 9 (0.69%) Internet
6 5 (0.38%) DNS
6 5 (0.38%) SSL
6 5 (0.38%) VPN
7 4 (0.31%) 4G
7 4 (0.31%) ATM
7 4 (0.31%) HTTPS
7 4 (0.31%) IPsec
7 4 (0.31%) IPv4
7 4 (0.31%) OpenVPN
7 4 (0.31%) Unified Communications
7 4 (0.31%) Wireless
8 3 (0.23%) MQTT
8 3 (0.23%) SSH
8 3 (0.23%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 221 (16.88%) SQL Server
2 144 (11.00%) Relational Database
3 120 (9.17%) NoSQL
4 85 (6.49%) MySQL
5 58 (4.43%) PostgreSQL
6 56 (4.28%) Apache Cassandra
7 55 (4.20%) MongoDB
8 46 (3.51%) Hadoop
9 44 (3.36%) Big Data
10 42 (3.21%) BusinessObjects
11 40 (3.06%) Data Warehouse
12 35 (2.67%) Oracle Database
13 33 (2.52%) RDBMS
13 33 (2.52%) Redis
14 24 (1.83%) Metadata
14 24 (1.83%) Power BI
15 23 (1.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 22 (1.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 22 (1.68%) Azkaban
17 17 (1.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 316 (24.14%) Git (software)
2 219 (16.73%) Jenkins
3 186 (14.21%) JIRA
4 137 (10.47%) Maven
5 62 (4.74%) JUnit
6 52 (3.97%) Subversion
7 41 (3.13%) GitLab
8 39 (2.98%) Visual Studio
9 38 (2.90%) Rational DOORS
10 36 (2.75%) Cucumber
10 36 (2.75%) webpack
11 32 (2.44%) TeamCity
12 31 (2.37%) CA Gen
13 29 (2.22%) Rational Rhapsody
14 28 (2.14%) Artifactory
14 28 (2.14%) Gradle
15 27 (2.06%) Jasmine
16 24 (1.83%) Cypress.io
16 24 (1.83%) Eclipse
17 22 (1.68%) jMock
General
1 360 (27.50%) Social Skills
2 208 (15.89%) Finance
3 147 (11.23%) Analytical Skills
4 144 (11.00%) Banking
5 100 (7.64%) Front Office
6 76 (5.81%) Public Sector
7 60 (4.58%) Investment Banking
8 40 (3.06%) Presentation Skills
9 30 (2.29%) Games
10 26 (1.99%) Retail
11 23 (1.76%) Documentation Skills
12 19 (1.45%) Law
13 18 (1.38%) Marketing
14 16 (1.22%) Military
15 13 (0.99%) Telecoms
16 9 (0.69%) Financial Institution
17 8 (0.61%) Automotive
18 7 (0.53%) Organisational Skills
18 7 (0.53%) Publishing
19 6 (0.46%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 797 (60.89%) Developer
2 201 (15.36%) Java Developer
3 123 (9.40%) .NET Developer
4 120 (9.17%) Software Engineer
5 109 (8.33%) C# Developer
6 106 (8.10%) Senior Developer
7 90 (6.88%) Architect
7 90 (6.88%) Full Stack Developer
8 70 (5.35%) React Developer
9 63 (4.81%) Data Engineer
10 50 (3.82%) C++ Developer
11 49 (3.74%) C# .NET Developer
12 48 (3.67%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 45 (3.44%) Python Developer
14 42 (3.21%) JavaScript Developer
15 38 (2.90%) Software Developer
16 36 (2.75%) DevOps Engineer
16 36 (2.75%) Scala Developer
16 36 (2.75%) Solutions Architect
17 34 (2.60%) Front Office Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 294 (22.46%) .NET
2 242 (18.49%) HTML
3 200 (15.28%) React
4 191 (14.59%) Spring
5 188 (14.36%) CSS
6 181 (13.83%) REST
7 180 (13.75%) AngularJS
8 149 (11.38%) RESTful
9 145 (11.08%) Web Services
10 121 (9.24%) HTML5
11 116 (8.86%) JSON
12 114 (8.71%) Spring Boot
13 106 (8.10%) XML
14 103 (7.87%) Node.js
15 101 (7.72%) Kafka
16 88 (6.72%) J2EE
17 86 (6.57%) .NET Framework
18 82 (6.26%) jQuery
19 72 (5.50%) ASP.NET
19 72 (5.50%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 92 (7.03%) Data Structures
2 79 (6.04%) User Experience
3 70 (5.35%) Algorithms
4 57 (4.35%) Enterprise Software
5 47 (3.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 38 (2.90%) Greenfield Project
7 36 (2.75%) Self-Motivation
8 32 (2.44%) Cloud Native
9 27 (2.06%) Fixed Income
10 24 (1.83%) Management Information System
10 24 (1.83%) Mobile App
10 24 (1.83%) Virtual Team
11 21 (1.60%) Data Centre
12 20 (1.53%) Derivative
12 20 (1.53%) Legacy Systems
13 19 (1.45%) Clustering
14 16 (1.22%) Video\Live Streaming
15 14 (1.07%) N-Tier
16 10 (0.76%) Equities
16 10 (0.76%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 193 (14.74%) Linux
2 140 (10.70%) Unix
3 120 (9.17%) Windows
4 24 (1.83%) Android
4 24 (1.83%) Apple iOS
5 13 (0.99%) AIX
6 9 (0.69%) HPUX
6 9 (0.69%) OpenVMS
6 9 (0.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (0.69%) Solaris
7 7 (0.53%) Windows Server 2016
8 6 (0.46%) CentOS
8 6 (0.46%) Embedded Linux
9 5 (0.38%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (0.23%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2019
12 1 (0.076%) Tizen
12 1 (0.076%) VME
12 1 (0.076%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 690 (52.71%) Agile Software Development
2 381 (29.11%) OOP
3 296 (22.61%) Software Engineering
4 275 (21.01%) DevOps
5 254 (19.40%) Microservices
6 253 (19.33%) Scrum
7 239 (18.26%) TDD
8 228 (17.42%) OOD
9 226 (17.27%) Problem-Solving
10 186 (14.21%) Test Automation
11 182 (13.90%) Continuous Integration
12 152 (11.61%) Full Stack Development
13 141 (10.77%) Data Modelling
14 139 (10.62%) Computer Science
15 137 (10.47%) Configuration Management
16 128 (9.78%) MVC
17 122 (9.32%) Process Improvement
18 120 (9.17%) BDD
19 118 (9.01%) Test Strategy
20 116 (8.86%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 548 (41.86%) Java
2 438 (33.46%) SQL
3 397 (30.33%) JavaScript
4 300 (22.92%) C#
5 282 (21.54%) Python
6 174 (13.29%) C++
7 161 (12.30%) TypeScript
8 91 (6.95%) PL/SQL
9 90 (6.88%) Scala
10 89 (6.80%) Java 8
11 85 (6.49%) Shell Script
12 67 (5.12%) Go
13 55 (4.20%) C
14 48 (3.67%) ES6
15 46 (3.51%) PHP
16 43 (3.28%) T-SQL
17 40 (3.06%) Perl
18 27 (2.06%) Groovy
19 26 (1.99%) ABAP
20 24 (1.83%) COBOL
Qualifications
1 156 (11.92%) Degree
2 133 (10.16%) Security Cleared
3 122 (9.32%) SC Cleared
4 62 (4.74%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (1.45%) Master's Degree
6 12 (0.92%) AWS Certification
6 12 (0.92%) ISTQB
7 9 (0.69%) ITIL Certification
7 9 (0.69%) Numerate Degree
8 6 (0.46%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.31%) DV Cleared
10 2 (0.15%) HND
11 1 (0.076%) ISEB
11 1 (0.076%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 1 (0.076%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.076%) PhD
11 1 (0.076%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 64 (4.89%) QA
2 48 (3.67%) Accessibility
3 9 (0.69%) WCAG
4 7 (0.53%) ISO 20022
5 3 (0.23%) GDPR
6 2 (0.15%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.15%) ISO 15022
6 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.15%) MiFID
6 2 (0.15%) NCSC
6 2 (0.15%) NIST
6 2 (0.15%) RMADS
7 1 (0.076%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.076%) EMIR
7 1 (0.076%) HL7
7 1 (0.076%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.076%) MISRA
7 1 (0.076%) MISRA C
7 1 (0.076%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.076%) SLA
System Software
1 136 (10.39%) Docker
2 13 (0.99%) Varnish
3 8 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 6 (0.46%) Active Directory
5 4 (0.31%) iptables
5 4 (0.31%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
6 3 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.23%) vSphere
7 1 (0.076%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 115 (8.79%) Kubernetes
2 79 (6.04%) Ansible
3 54 (4.13%) Terraform
4 12 (0.92%) Docker Swarm
4 12 (0.92%) Istio
5 10 (0.76%) Puppet
6 9 (0.69%) Prometheus
7 8 (0.61%) Opscode Chef
8 7 (0.53%) Grafana
9 4 (0.31%) Sysdig
9 4 (0.31%) Tivoli
10 3 (0.23%) Fortio
10 3 (0.23%) Kiali
10 3 (0.23%) MIIS
10 3 (0.23%) Oracle RMAN
11 2 (0.15%) HP ALM
11 2 (0.15%) HP Operations Orchestration
11 2 (0.15%) HP Quality Center
11 2 (0.15%) Rancher
11 2 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 235 (17.95%) Oracle
2 127 (9.70%) Microsoft
3 67 (5.12%) Google
4 65 (4.97%) BEA
5 62 (4.74%) webMethods
6 49 (3.74%) Informatica
7 45 (3.44%) SAP
8 31 (2.37%) Databricks
9 30 (2.29%) Pega
10 26 (1.99%) WSO2
11 25 (1.91%) Telerik
12 24 (1.83%) IBM
13 21 (1.60%) Sybase
14 17 (1.30%) Salesforce.com
15 15 (1.15%) Atlassian
16 14 (1.07%) Adobe
17 13 (0.99%) HP
18 12 (0.92%) hybris
19 10 (0.76%) Apple
20 9 (0.69%) EMC