Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 75 74 75
Rank change year-on-year -1 +1 -9
Contract jobs citing OO 3,306 3,239 3,227
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.17% 3.14% 3.05%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.67% 3.67% 3.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,319 2,439 2,335
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +11.76% +6.25%
10th Percentile £363 £338 £310
90th Percentile £650 £638 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £410 £388
% change year-on-year +3.66% +5.81% +5.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 72 59
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £45.00 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.44% +8.43% +2.77%
10th Percentile £26.50 £33.33 £27.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £51.62 £53.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £45.00 £41.25
% change year-on-year -4.44% +9.09% +2.15%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 90,109 88,342 90,019
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.35% 85.75% 85.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 59,635 58,699 59,322
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £277 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,355 2,130 2,480
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £23.11 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.79% +2.70% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.50 £49.53 £48.04
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -10.42% +6.67% -

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing OO.

Contractor daily rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO.

Contractor hourly rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 3,043 £500 +4.66% 1,343
London -10 1,810 £550 +7.32% 501
UK excluding London +12 1,454 £425 +3.66% 970
South East +30 459 £475 +5.56% 213
North of England +8 305 £420 +5.00% 242
South West +30 188 £425 +21.43% 112
Midlands +18 172 £440 +17.33% 122
Scotland +16 172 £400 +5.26% 74
North West +28 138 £420 +5.00% 133
Yorkshire -3 129 £420 +5.00% 86
West Midlands +18 109 £433 +19.38% 68
East of England +12 101 £450 +12.50% 153
East Midlands +1 60 £450 +12.50% 54
Wales 0 54 £400 - 32
North East -4 38 £465 +24.00% 23
Northern Ireland -32 4 £600 +42.86% 22

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 1,889 (57.14%) Agile Software Development
2 1,464 (44.28%) Java
3 1,202 (36.36%) JavaScript
4 1,123 (33.97%) TDD
5 838 (25.35%) HTML
6 811 (24.53%) C#
7 747 (22.60%) Git (software)
8 733 (22.17%) Test Automation
8 733 (22.17%) CSS
9 715 (21.63%) Finance
10 706 (21.36%) .NET
11 692 (20.93%) OOP
12 681 (20.60%) SQL
13 655 (19.81%) Continuous Integration
14 613 (18.54%) Scrum
15 574 (17.36%) Amazon AWS
16 543 (16.42%) AngularJS
17 538 (16.27%) HTML5
18 528 (15.97%) Microservices
19 510 (15.43%) OOD
20 489 (14.79%) Oracle
21 473 (14.31%) RESTful
22 470 (14.22%) MVC
23 469 (14.19%) Microsoft Azure
24 468 (14.16%) Python
25 462 (13.97%) Software Engineering
26 437 (13.22%) React
27 436 (13.19%) Jenkins
28 426 (12.89%) BDD
29 401 (12.13%) Relational Database

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 234 (7.08%) WebLogic
2 223 (6.75%) WebSphere
3 198 (5.99%) Tomcat
4 181 (5.47%) Confluence
5 171 (5.17%) OpenStack
6 109 (3.30%) Apache
7 107 (3.24%) CMS
8 91 (2.75%) Apache Spark
9 67 (2.03%) Elasticsearch
10 66 (2.00%) WildFly
11 57 (1.72%) JBoss
12 40 (1.21%) Cloud Foundry
13 35 (1.06%) Drupal
14 33 (1.00%) SharePoint
15 27 (0.82%) NServiceBus
16 23 (0.70%) Apache Solr
17 18 (0.54%) Commerce Server
18 16 (0.48%) WordPress
19 12 (0.36%) Apache Qpid
19 12 (0.36%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 23 (0.70%) Photoshop
2 20 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
4 12 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
5 5 (0.15%) Windchill
6 4 (0.12%) Fireworks
7 3 (0.091%) Maya
8 2 (0.060%) Simulink
8 2 (0.060%) Snapchat
9 1 (0.030%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.030%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.030%) CATIA
9 1 (0.030%) InDesign
9 1 (0.030%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 33 (1.00%) Magento
2 28 (0.85%) Dynamics CRM
3 11 (0.33%) SAP Hybris
4 10 (0.30%) Endur
4 10 (0.30%) Markit EDM
5 9 (0.27%) AquaLogic BPM
5 9 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
6 8 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
7 5 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
8 4 (0.12%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 4 (0.12%) SAP PSCD
9 3 (0.091%) PeopleSoft HCM
9 3 (0.091%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 3 (0.091%) Workday HCM
10 2 (0.060%) BASE24
10 2 (0.060%) Distributed Ledger
10 2 (0.060%) Global One
10 2 (0.060%) ION MarketView
10 2 (0.060%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
10 2 (0.060%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 574 (17.36%) Amazon AWS
2 469 (14.19%) Microsoft Azure
3 182 (5.51%) GitHub
4 117 (3.54%) Serverless
5 50 (1.51%) Google Cloud Platform
6 48 (1.45%) AWS Lambda
7 44 (1.33%) Amazon EC2
8 39 (1.18%) SaaS
9 36 (1.09%) npm
10 35 (1.06%) AWS CloudFormation
11 28 (0.85%) PaaS
12 27 (0.82%) Heroku
13 25 (0.76%) Apigee
14 21 (0.64%) Amazon EMR
15 20 (0.60%) Amazon Kinesis
16 17 (0.51%) Amazon S3
16 17 (0.51%) Yarn
17 16 (0.48%) Dynamics 365
17 16 (0.48%) Google App Engine
18 15 (0.45%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 164 (4.96%) HTTP
2 65 (1.97%) TCP/IP
3 60 (1.81%) SSL
4 38 (1.15%) Internet
5 36 (1.09%) DNS
6 23 (0.70%) HTTPS
7 19 (0.57%) AMQP
8 18 (0.54%) DHCP
9 17 (0.51%) FTP
10 13 (0.39%) Intranet
11 12 (0.36%) BIG-IP
11 12 (0.36%) Bluetooth
11 12 (0.36%) Firewall
11 12 (0.36%) IPsec
11 12 (0.36%) Kerberos
12 9 (0.27%) Network Security
12 9 (0.27%) SMTP
12 9 (0.27%) Wi-Fi
13 7 (0.21%) iSCSI
13 7 (0.21%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 401 (12.13%) Relational Database
2 384 (11.62%) MySQL
3 377 (11.40%) NoSQL
4 371 (11.22%) SQL Server
5 289 (8.74%) PostgreSQL
6 146 (4.42%) RDBMS
7 129 (3.90%) MongoDB
8 95 (2.87%) Hadoop
9 90 (2.72%) Big Data
10 65 (1.97%) Apache Cassandra
11 49 (1.48%) Apache Hive
12 45 (1.36%) Redis
13 36 (1.09%) BusinessObjects
14 35 (1.06%) Oracle Database
15 33 (1.00%) Amazon RDS
15 33 (1.00%) HBase
16 31 (0.94%) Data Warehouse
16 31 (0.94%) SQL Server 2014
16 31 (0.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 30 (0.91%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 747 (22.60%) Git (software)
2 436 (13.19%) Jenkins
3 344 (10.41%) Maven
4 308 (9.32%) JIRA
5 235 (7.11%) Selenium
6 223 (6.75%) NUnit
7 219 (6.62%) JUnit
8 201 (6.08%) MSTest
9 144 (4.36%) Subversion
10 124 (3.75%) Mockito
11 119 (3.60%) Cucumber
11 119 (3.60%) Team Foundation Server
12 111 (3.36%) TeamCity
13 109 (3.30%) Visual Studio
14 105 (3.18%) Jasmine
15 99 (2.99%) Eclipse
15 99 (2.99%) webpack
16 94 (2.84%) SonarQube
17 91 (2.75%) WebDriver
18 81 (2.45%) Vagrant
General
1 715 (21.63%) Finance
2 255 (7.71%) Banking
3 124 (3.75%) Retail
4 121 (3.66%) Front Office
5 91 (2.75%) Investment Banking
6 84 (2.54%) Telecoms
7 62 (1.88%) Marketing
8 45 (1.36%) Games
9 43 (1.30%) Manufacturing
10 37 (1.12%) Financial Institution
10 37 (1.12%) Publishing
11 36 (1.09%) Law
12 32 (0.97%) Electronics
13 28 (0.85%) Back Office
14 24 (0.73%) Legal
15 18 (0.54%) Advertising
16 10 (0.30%) Billing
17 9 (0.27%) Aerospace
17 9 (0.27%) Local Government
18 8 (0.24%) Avionics
Job Titles
1 2,519 (76.19%) Developer
2 805 (24.35%) Java Developer
3 286 (8.65%) .NET Developer
4 273 (8.26%) C# Developer
5 271 (8.20%) Senior Developer
6 199 (6.02%) JavaScript Developer
6 199 (6.02%) React Developer
7 196 (5.93%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 185 (5.60%) Software Engineer
9 139 (4.20%) Full Stack Developer
9 139 (4.20%) PHP Developer
10 124 (3.75%) C# .NET Developer
11 123 (3.72%) Python Developer
12 108 (3.27%) Software Developer
13 102 (3.09%) Angular Developer
14 97 (2.93%) ASP.NET Developer
15 93 (2.81%) Architect
16 89 (2.69%) Senior Java Developer
17 88 (2.66%) Tester
18 84 (2.54%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 838 (25.35%) HTML
2 733 (22.17%) CSS
3 706 (21.36%) .NET
4 543 (16.42%) AngularJS
5 538 (16.27%) HTML5
6 473 (14.31%) RESTful
7 437 (13.22%) React
8 385 (11.65%) Spring
9 363 (10.98%) REST
10 347 (10.50%) Web Services
11 334 (10.10%) jQuery
12 308 (9.32%) CSS3
12 308 (9.32%) Node.js
13 299 (9.04%) ASP.NET
14 257 (7.77%) Hibernate
15 234 (7.08%) Redux
16 221 (6.68%) XML
17 212 (6.41%) JSON
18 204 (6.17%) ASP.NET Web API
19 187 (5.66%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 277 (8.38%) Computer Science
2 270 (8.17%) Analytical Skills
3 249 (7.53%) User Experience
4 238 (7.20%) Greenfield Project
5 229 (6.93%) Data Structures
6 205 (6.20%) Algorithms
7 123 (3.72%) Mobile App
8 113 (3.42%) Derivative
9 109 (3.30%) Linux Command Line
10 106 (3.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 103 (3.12%) Fintech
12 90 (2.72%) Self-Motivation
13 79 (2.39%) Fixed Income
14 48 (1.45%) Equities
15 43 (1.30%) iPhone
16 34 (1.03%) Hedge funds
17 30 (0.91%) Enterprise Software
18 29 (0.88%) Cloud Native
18 29 (0.88%) Public Cloud
19 26 (0.79%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 382 (11.55%) Linux
1 382 (11.55%) Unix
2 160 (4.84%) Windows
3 116 (3.51%) Apple iOS
4 105 (3.18%) Android
5 71 (2.15%) VMS
6 24 (0.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 22 (0.67%) Solaris
8 12 (0.36%) Mac OS X
8 12 (0.36%) SUSE
8 12 (0.36%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
9 11 (0.33%) Windows Server
10 6 (0.18%) VME
11 5 (0.15%) tvOS
11 5 (0.15%) Ubuntu
12 4 (0.12%) AIX
12 4 (0.12%) CentOS
12 4 (0.12%) Mac OS
13 3 (0.091%) Embedded Linux
13 3 (0.091%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,889 (57.14%) Agile Software Development
2 1,123 (33.97%) TDD
3 733 (22.17%) Test Automation
4 692 (20.93%) OOP
5 655 (19.81%) Continuous Integration
6 613 (18.54%) Scrum
7 528 (15.97%) Microservices
8 510 (15.43%) OOD
9 470 (14.22%) MVC
10 462 (13.97%) Software Engineering
11 426 (12.89%) BDD
12 343 (10.38%) Problem-Solving
13 306 (9.26%) DevOps
14 284 (8.59%) Unit Testing
15 258 (7.80%) Multithreading
16 254 (7.68%) Front End Development
17 237 (7.17%) SOLID
18 226 (6.84%) SDLC
19 224 (6.78%) Open Source
20 217 (6.56%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 1,464 (44.28%) Java
2 1,202 (36.36%) JavaScript
3 811 (24.53%) C#
4 681 (20.60%) SQL
5 468 (14.16%) Python
6 337 (10.19%) C++
7 282 (8.53%) Java 8
8 275 (8.32%) PHP
9 198 (5.99%) ES6
10 160 (4.84%) TypeScript
11 122 (3.69%) Scala
12 120 (3.63%) Perl
13 113 (3.42%) Shell Script
14 88 (2.66%) Apple Swift
15 86 (2.60%) C
16 84 (2.54%) PL/SQL
17 73 (2.21%) JPQL
18 69 (2.09%) T-SQL
19 61 (1.85%) Objective-C
20 56 (1.69%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 305 (9.23%) Degree
2 247 (7.47%) Security Cleared
3 199 (6.02%) SC Cleared
4 124 (3.75%) Computer Science Degree
5 27 (0.82%) DV Cleared
6 24 (0.73%) Master's Degree
7 19 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
8 17 (0.51%) ISTQB
9 12 (0.36%) ISEB
9 12 (0.36%) Numerate Degree
10 10 (0.30%) PhD
11 5 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 4 (0.12%) DBS Check
13 3 (0.091%) BC Cleared
13 3 (0.091%) CTC Cleared
14 2 (0.060%) AWS Certification
14 2 (0.060%) Microsoft Certification
15 1 (0.030%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 128 (3.87%) QA
2 11 (0.33%) WCAG
3 9 (0.27%) Data Quality
3 9 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
4 7 (0.21%) PCI DSS
5 6 (0.18%) SLA
6 4 (0.12%) EMIR
6 4 (0.12%) MiFID
7 3 (0.091%) Dodd-Frank
7 3 (0.091%) ISO 20022
7 3 (0.091%) PSD2
8 2 (0.060%) ECSS
8 2 (0.060%) GDPR
8 2 (0.060%) MIL-STD-1553
8 2 (0.060%) PMO
8 2 (0.060%) WAI
9 1 (0.030%) GxP
9 1 (0.030%) HL7
9 1 (0.030%) IFRS
9 1 (0.030%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 246 (7.44%) Docker
2 33 (1.00%) Virtual Machines
3 18 (0.54%) HDFS
4 17 (0.51%) Active Directory
4 17 (0.51%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 9 (0.27%) Firmware
6 5 (0.15%) vSphere
7 4 (0.12%) Hyper-V
7 4 (0.12%) KVM
7 4 (0.12%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.060%) VMware Infrastructure
9 1 (0.030%) NFS
9 1 (0.030%) Shibboleth
9 1 (0.030%) Squid
Systems Management
1 255 (7.71%) Puppet
2 246 (7.44%) Ansible
3 240 (7.26%) Opscode Chef
4 156 (4.72%) Kubernetes
5 53 (1.60%) Terraform
6 16 (0.48%) Amdocs OSS
7 15 (0.45%) HP Operations Orchestration
8 12 (0.36%) CFEngine
9 10 (0.30%) Control-M
9 10 (0.30%) HockeyApp
10 8 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
11 6 (0.18%) ITRS Geneos
12 5 (0.15%) Salt
13 4 (0.12%) Data Guard
13 4 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
14 3 (0.091%) Kibana
14 3 (0.091%) Packer
14 3 (0.091%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
15 2 (0.060%) logstash
15 2 (0.060%) Mesos
Vendors
1 489 (14.79%) Oracle
2 277 (8.38%) Microsoft
3 81 (2.45%) SAP
4 70 (2.12%) Google
5 53 (1.60%) Sybase
6 48 (1.45%) Adobe
7 46 (1.39%) Atlassian
8 43 (1.30%) Zend
9 38 (1.15%) Twitter
10 37 (1.12%) Red Hat
11 36 (1.09%) BEA
12 32 (0.97%) Pega
13 29 (0.88%) Informatica
13 29 (0.88%) webMethods
14 26 (0.79%) HP
15 24 (0.73%) Splunk
16 22 (0.67%) IBM
16 22 (0.67%) TIBCO
17 21 (0.64%) DevExpress
18 20 (0.60%) Apple