Period
to 30 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 30 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
30 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 144 119 77
Rank change year-on-year -25 -42 -5
Contract jobs citing OO 610 1,782 3,273
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.86% 2.10% 3.16%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.15% 2.43% 3.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 421 1,260 2,330
Median daily rate £475 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £310 £330 £363
90th Percentile £668 £700 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £405 £425 £425
% change year-on-year -4.71% - +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 37 30
Median hourly rate £46.50 £45.00 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +4.65% -4.44%
10th Percentile £35.10 £30.03 £36.89
90th Percentile £55.00 £56.00 £48.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £48.12 £45.00 £43.00
% change year-on-year +6.92% +4.65% -4.44%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 28,363 73,425 90,156
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.41% 86.51% 87.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,871 48,212 59,573
Median daily rate £475 £475 £455
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.40% +1.11%
10th Percentile £298 £300 £300
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -0.57% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,015 2,318 2,414
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.75 £21.11
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +47.37% +12.51% -11.12%
10th Percentile £12.43 £11.85 £11.18
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £26.96 £22.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year +19.82% +9.76% -14.58%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing OO.

Daily rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 30 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing OO.

Hourly rate trend for OO in the UK

OO
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 30 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 30 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -14 550 £475 -5.00% 554
London -16 347 £525 -4.55% 226
UK excluding London -4 218 £405 -4.71% 377
Work from Home -40 105 £450 -7.69% 105
Midlands +53 60 £405 +15.71% 55
South East +37 41 £433 +1.76% 81
North of England +32 36 £413 +3.13% 99
West Midlands +47 35 £405 +16.55% 35
East of England +25 32 £325 -26.35% 32
East Midlands +41 25 £372 +4.65% 20
South West +6 23 £420 -16.00% 61
North West +35 18 £340 -15.00% 56
Wales +28 11 £325 -16.13% 10
Scotland +1 11 £287 -32.47% 31
Yorkshire +41 9 £350 -12.50% 30
North East +36 9 £475 +11.76% 13
Northern Ireland +3 4 £425 -10.53% 9

For the 6 months to 30 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 307 (50.33%) Agile Software Development
2 290 (47.54%) Java
3 230 (37.70%) JavaScript
4 173 (28.36%) HTML
5 164 (26.89%) Git (software)
6 146 (23.93%) CSS
7 145 (23.77%) Microservices
8 144 (23.61%) SQL
9 138 (22.62%) TDD
10 131 (21.48%) Python
11 125 (20.49%) OOD
12 123 (20.16%) DevOps
13 117 (19.18%) AngularJS
14 115 (18.85%) HTML5
15 113 (18.52%) React
15 113 (18.52%) Azure
16 109 (17.87%) .NET
17 108 (17.70%) Finance
18 107 (17.54%) OOP
19 103 (16.89%) Jenkins
20 99 (16.23%) Oracle
21 98 (16.07%) C#
22 96 (15.74%) REST
23 95 (15.57%) Spring
24 92 (15.08%) Software Engineering
24 92 (15.08%) Linux
25 90 (14.75%) Scrum
26 88 (14.43%) Relational Database
27 84 (13.77%) SDLC
27 84 (13.77%) AWS

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (6.39%) Confluence
2 37 (6.07%) WebLogic
3 22 (3.61%) Apache
4 20 (3.28%) Red Hat Fuse
5 14 (2.30%) Apache Spark
6 12 (1.97%) CMS
6 12 (1.97%) JBoss
6 12 (1.97%) Mule
6 12 (1.97%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 8 (1.31%) Headless CMS
7 8 (1.31%) Tomcat
8 6 (0.98%) Drupal
9 5 (0.82%) Apache Airflow
9 5 (0.82%) Elasticsearch
10 4 (0.66%) BizTalk Server
11 3 (0.49%) nginx
11 3 (0.49%) WordPress
12 2 (0.33%) IIS
12 2 (0.33%) Luigi
12 2 (0.33%) WebSphere
Applications
1 5 (0.82%) Photoshop
2 4 (0.66%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.49%) Adobe XD
3 3 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.49%) Simulink
4 2 (0.33%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.16%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 5 (0.82%) Magento
2 4 (0.66%) SAP S/4HANA
3 3 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.49%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 2 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.33%) SAP EWM
4 2 (0.33%) SAP Travel Management
4 2 (0.33%) Teamcenter
5 1 (0.16%) Exstream
5 1 (0.16%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.16%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 1 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.16%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 113 (18.52%) Azure
2 84 (13.77%) AWS
3 26 (4.26%) GCP
4 15 (2.46%) Cloud Computing
5 14 (2.30%) Serverless
6 11 (1.80%) npm
6 11 (1.80%) OpenShift
7 9 (1.48%) Amazon ECS
7 9 (1.48%) Amazon Kinesis
7 9 (1.48%) AWS Lambda
8 8 (1.31%) AWS CloudFormation
8 8 (1.31%) PaaS
9 7 (1.15%) Amazon ElastiCache
9 7 (1.15%) Azure Functions
9 7 (1.15%) GitHub
10 6 (0.98%) Firebase
10 6 (0.98%) Logic Apps
10 6 (0.98%) Power Platform
10 6 (0.98%) SaaS
11 5 (0.82%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 6 (0.98%) HTTP
1 6 (0.98%) TCP/IP
2 5 (0.82%) Firewall
3 4 (0.66%) FIX Connectivity
4 3 (0.49%) WebEx
4 3 (0.49%) Wireless
5 2 (0.33%) AMQP
5 2 (0.33%) DLNA
5 2 (0.33%) DNS
5 2 (0.33%) Internet
5 2 (0.33%) Tactical Data Link
5 2 (0.33%) UPnP
5 2 (0.33%) WAN
5 2 (0.33%) Wi-Fi
6 1 (0.16%) Bluetooth
6 1 (0.16%) Reverse Proxy
6 1 (0.16%) RS-232
6 1 (0.16%) SSH
6 1 (0.16%) VoIP
6 1 (0.16%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (14.43%) Relational Database
2 72 (11.80%) SQL Server
3 59 (9.67%) MySQL
4 54 (8.85%) NoSQL
5 43 (7.05%) MongoDB
6 33 (5.41%) Oracle Database
7 32 (5.25%) PostgreSQL
8 21 (3.44%) Big Data
9 19 (3.11%) Data Warehouse
10 18 (2.95%) Cosmos DB
11 17 (2.79%) BusinessObjects
12 16 (2.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 15 (2.46%) RDBMS
13 15 (2.46%) Redis
14 12 (1.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 10 (1.64%) Oracle Database 11g
15 10 (1.64%) Oracle Reports
16 7 (1.15%) Hadoop
16 7 (1.15%) SQL Server 2016
17 5 (0.82%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 164 (26.89%) Git (software)
2 103 (16.89%) Jenkins
3 77 (12.62%) Maven
4 76 (12.46%) JIRA
5 29 (4.75%) Subversion
6 23 (3.77%) gulp
6 23 (3.77%) JUnit
7 21 (3.44%) Grunt
8 18 (2.95%) webpack
9 17 (2.79%) Cucumber
9 17 (2.79%) Eclipse
9 17 (2.79%) Gradle
10 16 (2.62%) Jasmine
11 15 (2.46%) Team Foundation Server
12 14 (2.30%) Selenium
13 13 (2.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 12 (1.97%) jMock
14 12 (1.97%) Oracle Forms
14 12 (1.97%) TeamCity
14 12 (1.97%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 108 (17.70%) Finance
2 78 (12.79%) Banking
3 47 (7.70%) Front Office
4 42 (6.89%) Public Sector
5 38 (6.23%) Investment Banking
6 11 (1.80%) Back Office
7 7 (1.15%) Advertising
7 7 (1.15%) Financial Institution
7 7 (1.15%) Retail
8 6 (0.98%) Games
9 5 (0.82%) Telecoms
10 4 (0.66%) French Language
10 4 (0.66%) Manufacturing
11 3 (0.49%) Electronics
11 3 (0.49%) Law
12 2 (0.33%) Automotive
12 2 (0.33%) Dutch Language
12 2 (0.33%) Legal
13 1 (0.16%) Private Banking
13 1 (0.16%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 464 (76.07%) Developer
2 124 (20.33%) Java Developer
3 80 (13.11%) Senior Developer
4 65 (10.66%) .NET Developer
5 59 (9.67%) React Developer
6 41 (6.72%) Architect
7 37 (6.07%) JavaScript Developer
8 35 (5.74%) Python Developer
9 33 (5.41%) Full Stack Developer
10 32 (5.25%) C# Developer
11 29 (4.75%) Azure Developer
12 27 (4.43%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 27 (4.43%) Senior Java Developer
13 24 (3.93%) ASP.NET Developer
13 24 (3.93%) Electronic Trading Developer
13 24 (3.93%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
13 24 (3.93%) Software Engineer
14 23 (3.77%) C# .NET Developer
15 22 (3.61%) HTML Developer
16 21 (3.44%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 173 (28.36%) HTML
2 146 (23.93%) CSS
3 117 (19.18%) AngularJS
4 115 (18.85%) HTML5
5 113 (18.52%) React
6 109 (17.87%) .NET
7 96 (15.74%) REST
8 95 (15.57%) Spring
9 81 (13.28%) RESTful
10 75 (12.30%) Node.js
11 70 (11.48%) Web Services
12 59 (9.67%) ASP.NET
13 57 (9.34%) jQuery
14 52 (8.52%) Spring Boot
14 52 (8.52%) XML
15 51 (8.36%) JSON
16 50 (8.20%) CSS3
16 50 (8.20%) Middleware
17 46 (7.54%) Redux
18 40 (6.56%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 49 (8.03%) Fixed Income
2 44 (7.21%) Analytical Skills
3 42 (6.89%) User Experience
4 41 (6.72%) Data Structures
5 33 (5.41%) Algorithms
6 28 (4.59%) Enterprise Software
7 27 (4.43%) Derivative
8 25 (4.10%) Greenfield Project
9 24 (3.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 19 (3.11%) Cloud Native
10 19 (3.11%) Market Risk
11 15 (2.46%) Robotics
12 14 (2.30%) Clustering
13 13 (2.13%) Linux Command Line
13 13 (2.13%) Mobile App
14 12 (1.97%) Public Cloud
15 10 (1.64%) Swaptions
16 6 (0.98%) Grid Computing
17 5 (0.82%) Equities
17 5 (0.82%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 92 (15.08%) Linux
2 52 (8.52%) Unix
3 33 (5.41%) Android
3 33 (5.41%) Apple iOS
4 30 (4.92%) Windows
5 7 (1.15%) Windows Server
6 6 (0.98%) Windows Server 2012
6 6 (0.98%) Windows Server 2016
7 4 (0.66%) Mac OS X
8 2 (0.33%) CentOS
8 2 (0.33%) Embedded Linux
8 2 (0.33%) tvOS
8 2 (0.33%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.16%) Solaris
9 1 (0.16%) Tizen
9 1 (0.16%) VxWorks
9 1 (0.16%) webOS
9 1 (0.16%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 307 (50.33%) Agile Software Development
2 145 (23.77%) Microservices
3 138 (22.62%) TDD
4 125 (20.49%) OOD
5 123 (20.16%) DevOps
6 107 (17.54%) OOP
7 92 (15.08%) Software Engineering
8 90 (14.75%) Scrum
9 84 (13.77%) SDLC
10 82 (13.44%) Continuous Integration
11 81 (13.28%) Problem-Solving
12 79 (12.95%) Test Automation
13 73 (11.97%) SOA
14 71 (11.64%) Multithreading
15 54 (8.85%) BDD
16 53 (8.69%) SOLID
17 51 (8.36%) Computer Science
17 51 (8.36%) MVC
18 49 (8.03%) Functional Programming
19 42 (6.89%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 290 (47.54%) Java
2 230 (37.70%) JavaScript
3 144 (23.61%) SQL
4 131 (21.48%) Python
5 98 (16.07%) C#
6 52 (8.52%) C++
7 50 (8.20%) Java 8
7 50 (8.20%) Scala
8 47 (7.70%) PL/SQL
9 38 (6.23%) Shell Script
10 34 (5.57%) Kotlin
11 32 (5.25%) PHP
12 23 (3.77%) T-SQL
13 21 (3.44%) C
14 20 (3.28%) PowerShell
15 17 (2.79%) Go
15 17 (2.79%) Perl
16 16 (2.62%) ES6
17 13 (2.13%) Apple Swift
18 12 (1.97%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 77 (12.62%) Security Cleared
2 56 (9.18%) SC Cleared
3 51 (8.36%) Degree
4 24 (3.93%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (1.97%) Master's Degree
6 6 (0.98%) PhD
7 5 (0.82%) Numerate Degree
8 3 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.49%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.33%) AWS Certification
9 2 (0.33%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.16%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.16%) MCP
10 1 (0.16%) MCSE
10 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.16%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (4.26%) WCAG
2 25 (4.10%) QA
3 1 (0.16%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.16%) FINREP
3 1 (0.16%) HL7
3 1 (0.16%) ISO 9001
3 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.16%) MiFID
3 1 (0.16%) SLA
System Software
1 61 (10.00%) Docker
2 2 (0.33%) Active Directory
2 2 (0.33%) Firmware
3 1 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
3 1 (0.16%) Veritas Cluster Server
3 1 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 59 (9.67%) Kubernetes
2 25 (4.10%) Ansible
3 14 (2.30%) Terraform
4 9 (1.48%) Puppet
5 5 (0.82%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.16%) Failover Clustering
6 1 (0.16%) Grafana
6 1 (0.16%) HP SiteScope
6 1 (0.16%) Pacemaker
6 1 (0.16%) PowerCLI
6 1 (0.16%) Prometheus
6 1 (0.16%) Salt
6 1 (0.16%) SCCM
6 1 (0.16%) SCOrch
6 1 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.16%) Trend Micro Deep Security
Vendors
1 99 (16.23%) Oracle
2 41 (6.72%) Microsoft
3 27 (4.43%) BEA
4 26 (4.26%) Informatica
5 23 (3.77%) webMethods
6 18 (2.95%) Murex
7 17 (2.79%) SAP
8 16 (2.62%) Google
9 14 (2.30%) Atlassian
9 14 (2.30%) Pega
10 12 (1.97%) Databricks
10 12 (1.97%) MuleSoft
10 12 (1.97%) Sybase
11 11 (1.80%) Salesforce.com
12 8 (1.31%) Cloudera
13 7 (1.15%) Cognizant
13 7 (1.15%) WSO2
14 6 (0.98%) Talend
14 6 (0.98%) Zend
15 5 (0.82%) Splunk