Period
to 25 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OOP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OOP over the 6 months to 25 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 245 295 262
Rank change year-on-year +50 -33 +61
Contract jobs citing OOP 1,164 851 1,045
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.13% 0.87% 0.99%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.31% 1.01% 1.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 808 662 810
UK median daily rate £450 £430 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.65% +1.18% +8.28%
10th Percentile £319 £313 £310
90th Percentile £625 £620 £557
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £375 £400
% change year-on-year +13.33% -6.25% +10.34%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 21 6
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £45.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.30% -4.92% +78.92%
10th Percentile £33.55 £16.64 £30.75
90th Percentile £44.27 £46.00 £56.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year -5.56% +28.57% +100.00%

OOP is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,599 84,098 90,163
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.17% 85.60% 85.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,535 55,446 59,633
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.94%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,426 2,078 2,364
UK median hourly rate £20.55 £24.00 £22.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.38% +5.10% +4.22%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £24.00 £23.50
% change year-on-year -16.67% +2.13% +6.82%

OOP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OOP as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing OOP.

Contractor daily rate trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing OOP over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for OOP in the UK

OOP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing OOP.

Contractor hourly rate trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing OOP over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for OOP in the UK

OOP
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OOP within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +65 1,063 £450 - 633
London +36 622 £475 -3.06% 223
UK excluding London +50 524 £425 +13.33% 481
North of England +82 178 £425 +13.33% 134
South East +10 128 £425 +11.48% 97
North West +38 83 £415 +10.67% 74
Midlands +18 76 £413 +28.91% 81
Yorkshire +11 76 £425 +13.33% 50
Scotland +16 54 £406 +25.00% 45
West Midlands +2 45 £450 +40.63% 39
South West -19 30 £413 +17.86% 66
East Midlands +12 28 £375 +20.00% 42
East of England -1 26 £425 +13.33% 33
Wales -33 21 £400 +7.38% 22
North East +11 19 £375 +7.14% 10
Northern Ireland +6 11 £460 +6.36% 4

For the 6 months to 25 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing OOP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OOP.

1 742 (63.75%) OO
2 605 (51.98%) Agile Software Development
3 481 (41.32%) JavaScript
4 460 (39.52%) Java
5 381 (32.73%) TDD
6 360 (30.93%) HTML
7 314 (26.98%) .NET
8 313 (26.89%) CSS
8 313 (26.89%) Git (software)
9 302 (25.95%) SQL
10 295 (25.34%) C#
11 289 (24.83%) Scrum
12 277 (23.80%) MVC
13 232 (19.93%) HTML5
14 220 (18.90%) Finance
15 212 (18.21%) Continuous Integration
16 201 (17.27%) Relational Database
17 199 (17.10%) Test Automation
18 194 (16.67%) BDD
19 189 (16.24%) AngularJS
20 188 (16.15%) RESTful
21 187 (16.07%) SQL Server
22 170 (14.60%) Linux
23 169 (14.52%) Microservices
24 163 (14.00%) Web Services
25 161 (13.83%) Problem-Solving
26 159 (13.66%) Python
27 158 (13.57%) PHP
28 157 (13.49%) CSS3
29 147 (12.63%) E-Commerce

OOP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (4.98%) CMS
2 50 (4.30%) Apache
3 40 (3.44%) Apache Spark
4 29 (2.49%) Confluence
5 28 (2.41%) WebSphere
6 23 (1.98%) Commerce Server
7 20 (1.72%) nginx
8 17 (1.46%) Cloud Foundry
9 16 (1.37%) Elasticsearch
9 16 (1.37%) WordPress
10 13 (1.12%) NServiceBus
10 13 (1.12%) Sitecore CMS
11 12 (1.03%) IIS
12 11 (0.95%) Tomcat
13 9 (0.77%) Apache Airflow
13 9 (0.77%) GemFire
14 5 (0.43%) BizTalk Server
14 5 (0.43%) SharePoint
15 4 (0.34%) EPiServer
15 4 (0.34%) Umbraco
Applications
1 16 (1.37%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.69%) Photoshop
3 7 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
4 6 (0.52%) GIMP
4 6 (0.52%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.26%) Maya
6 2 (0.17%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.17%) Simulink
6 2 (0.17%) Snapchat
7 1 (0.086%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.086%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.086%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 26 (2.23%) Magento
2 17 (1.46%) Dynamics CRM
3 13 (1.12%) SAP Hybris
4 9 (0.77%) AquaLogic BPM
4 9 (0.77%) Oracle BPM
5 7 (0.60%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.17%) BASE24
6 2 (0.17%) Odoo
6 2 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
6 2 (0.17%) SAP HCM
7 1 (0.086%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.086%) Eloqua
7 1 (0.086%) Maximo
7 1 (0.086%) SAP HR
7 1 (0.086%) SAP SRM
Cloud Services
1 116 (9.97%) Amazon AWS
2 101 (8.68%) Microsoft Azure
3 68 (5.84%) GitHub
4 20 (1.72%) Serverless
5 14 (1.20%) Amazon Kinesis
5 14 (1.20%) Dynamics 365
5 14 (1.20%) Sauce Labs
6 12 (1.03%) AWS Lambda
7 11 (0.95%) BrowserStack
8 10 (0.86%) AWS CloudFormation
8 10 (0.86%) npm
8 10 (0.86%) PaaS
9 8 (0.69%) Azure Functions
9 8 (0.69%) Google Cloud Platform
9 8 (0.69%) Heroku
9 8 (0.69%) NuGet
9 8 (0.69%) OpenShift
10 7 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
10 7 (0.60%) Trello
10 7 (0.60%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 94 (8.08%) HTTP
2 24 (2.06%) Internet
3 23 (1.98%) TCP/IP
4 19 (1.63%) SSL
5 17 (1.46%) DNS
6 16 (1.37%) DHCP
6 16 (1.37%) FTP
6 16 (1.37%) IPsec
7 10 (0.86%) Reverse Proxy
8 9 (0.77%) HTTPS
9 8 (0.69%) AMQP
10 6 (0.52%) MQTT
11 5 (0.43%) DLNA
11 5 (0.43%) Network Security
11 5 (0.43%) UPnP
11 5 (0.43%) Wi-Fi
12 3 (0.26%) SMS
12 3 (0.26%) SMTP
13 2 (0.17%) ATM
13 2 (0.17%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 201 (17.27%) Relational Database
2 187 (16.07%) SQL Server
3 135 (11.60%) MySQL
4 108 (9.28%) NoSQL
5 86 (7.39%) MongoDB
6 63 (5.41%) RDBMS
7 42 (3.61%) Big Data
7 42 (3.61%) Hadoop
8 35 (3.01%) PostgreSQL
9 32 (2.75%) Apache Hive
10 30 (2.58%) HBase
11 24 (2.06%) Apache Cassandra
12 20 (1.72%) Redis
13 19 (1.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 19 (1.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 17 (1.46%) Oracle Database
15 16 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 11 (0.95%) SQL Server 2012
17 8 (0.69%) SQL Server 2014
18 7 (0.60%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 313 (26.89%) Git (software)
2 123 (10.57%) Jenkins
3 91 (7.82%) Selenium
4 88 (7.56%) JIRA
5 68 (5.84%) JUnit
6 54 (4.64%) Subversion
7 53 (4.55%) WebDriver
8 50 (4.30%) Cucumber
9 46 (3.95%) Maven
10 41 (3.52%) Bitbucket
11 40 (3.44%) gulp
12 39 (3.35%) Visual Studio
13 37 (3.18%) Team Foundation Server
13 37 (3.18%) webpack
14 36 (3.09%) NUnit
15 34 (2.92%) Mockito
16 32 (2.75%) Grunt
16 32 (2.75%) SpecFlow
17 30 (2.58%) Jasmine
18 28 (2.41%) Mercurial
General
1 220 (18.90%) Finance
2 82 (7.04%) Banking
3 79 (6.79%) Retail
4 71 (6.10%) Front Office
5 35 (3.01%) Marketing
6 30 (2.58%) Investment Banking
7 22 (1.89%) Publishing
8 17 (1.46%) Games
9 16 (1.37%) Telecoms
10 12 (1.03%) Back Office
10 12 (1.03%) Electronics
11 10 (0.86%) Financial Institution
12 9 (0.77%) Law
12 9 (0.77%) Local Government
13 8 (0.69%) Manufacturing
14 6 (0.52%) Advertising
15 5 (0.43%) Aerospace
16 3 (0.26%) Avionics
16 3 (0.26%) Billing
17 2 (0.17%) Brand Awareness
Job Titles
1 866 (74.40%) Developer
2 202 (17.35%) Java Developer
3 124 (10.65%) Senior Developer
4 115 (9.88%) .NET Developer
5 100 (8.59%) C# Developer
6 90 (7.73%) PHP Developer
7 53 (4.55%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 50 (4.30%) Software Engineer
9 47 (4.04%) Lead Developer
9 47 (4.04%) UI Developer
10 42 (3.61%) JavaScript Developer
11 40 (3.44%) Senior Java Developer
12 37 (3.18%) Python Developer
13 36 (3.09%) Full Stack Developer
14 35 (3.01%) C# .NET Developer
15 34 (2.92%) React Developer
16 32 (2.75%) SQL Developer
17 31 (2.66%) Architect
18 29 (2.49%) Software Developer
19 28 (2.41%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 360 (30.93%) HTML
2 314 (26.98%) .NET
3 313 (26.89%) CSS
4 232 (19.93%) HTML5
5 189 (16.24%) AngularJS
6 188 (16.15%) RESTful
7 163 (14.00%) Web Services
8 157 (13.49%) CSS3
9 143 (12.29%) ASP.NET
10 137 (11.77%) jQuery
11 135 (11.60%) Node.js
12 131 (11.25%) Spring
13 124 (10.65%) JSON
14 105 (9.02%) REST
15 103 (8.85%) XML
16 102 (8.76%) React
17 95 (8.16%) .NET Framework
18 83 (7.13%) ASP.NET Web API
19 79 (6.79%) SOAP
20 76 (6.53%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 121 (10.40%) User Experience
2 111 (9.54%) Analytical Skills
3 107 (9.19%) Algorithms
4 101 (8.68%) Computer Science
5 86 (7.39%) Data Structures
6 66 (5.67%) Mobile App
7 55 (4.73%) Greenfield Project
8 42 (3.61%) Self-Motivation
9 35 (3.01%) Fintech
10 23 (1.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 21 (1.80%) Derivative
12 20 (1.72%) Linux Command Line
13 18 (1.55%) Fixed Income
14 16 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
15 14 (1.20%) Equities
15 14 (1.20%) Graphic Design
15 14 (1.20%) Virtual Team
16 10 (0.86%) RIA
16 10 (0.86%) Wiki
17 9 (0.77%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 170 (14.60%) Linux
2 84 (7.22%) Unix
3 66 (5.67%) Android
4 63 (5.41%) Windows
5 57 (4.90%) Apple iOS
6 16 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (0.86%) Mac OS
8 6 (0.52%) Solaris
9 5 (0.43%) Embedded Linux
10 4 (0.34%) Mac OS X
10 4 (0.34%) Windows Server
11 3 (0.26%) CentOS
12 2 (0.17%) VMS
12 2 (0.17%) VxWorks
13 1 (0.086%) SUSE
13 1 (0.086%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 1 (0.086%) Ubuntu
13 1 (0.086%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.086%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 742 (63.75%) OO
2 605 (51.98%) Agile Software Development
3 381 (32.73%) TDD
4 289 (24.83%) Scrum
5 277 (23.80%) MVC
6 212 (18.21%) Continuous Integration
7 199 (17.10%) Test Automation
8 194 (16.67%) BDD
9 169 (14.52%) Microservices
10 161 (13.83%) Problem-Solving
11 147 (12.63%) E-Commerce
12 137 (11.77%) Unit Testing
13 118 (10.14%) Software Engineering
14 104 (8.93%) Open Source
15 101 (8.68%) Front End Development
16 98 (8.42%) DevOps
16 98 (8.42%) SOLID
17 95 (8.16%) Kanban
18 81 (6.96%) SOA
19 79 (6.79%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 481 (41.32%) JavaScript
2 460 (39.52%) Java
3 302 (25.95%) SQL
4 295 (25.34%) C#
5 159 (13.66%) Python
6 158 (13.57%) PHP
7 112 (9.62%) C++
8 71 (6.10%) Scala
9 57 (4.90%) Java 8
10 56 (4.81%) TypeScript
11 39 (3.35%) T-SQL
12 32 (2.75%) ES6
13 30 (2.58%) Ruby
14 29 (2.49%) Apple Swift
15 28 (2.41%) Groovy
16 27 (2.32%) Shell Script
17 26 (2.23%) Bash Shell
18 24 (2.06%) R
19 22 (1.89%) VB.NET
20 21 (1.80%) C
Qualifications
1 121 (10.40%) Degree
2 34 (2.92%) Computer Science Degree
3 27 (2.32%) Master's Degree
4 24 (2.06%) Security Cleared
5 19 (1.63%) SC Cleared
6 14 (1.20%) Numerate Degree
7 13 (1.12%) ISTQB
8 6 (0.52%) ISEB
9 5 (0.43%) PhD
10 4 (0.34%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 3 (0.26%) BPSS Clearance
12 1 (0.086%) ITIL Certification
12 1 (0.086%) OCA
12 1 (0.086%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 81 (6.96%) QA
2 6 (0.52%) WAI
3 5 (0.43%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.17%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.17%) MiFID
4 2 (0.17%) WCAG
5 1 (0.086%) ECSS
5 1 (0.086%) EMIR
5 1 (0.086%) MIL-STD-1553
5 1 (0.086%) SLA
System Software
1 71 (6.10%) Docker
2 41 (3.52%) Virtual Machines
3 13 (1.12%) HDFS
4 10 (0.86%) VirtualBox
5 9 (0.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.26%) Firmware
7 1 (0.086%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.086%) Platform Symphony
7 1 (0.086%) Squid
7 1 (0.086%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 34 (2.92%) Puppet
2 30 (2.58%) Opscode Chef
3 20 (1.72%) Ansible
3 20 (1.72%) Kubernetes
4 10 (0.86%) HAProxy
5 5 (0.43%) Terraform
6 4 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
7 3 (0.26%) Capistrano
7 3 (0.26%) Kibana
7 3 (0.26%) logstash
7 3 (0.26%) Mesos
8 2 (0.17%) Business Desktop Deployment
8 2 (0.17%) WebSphere Cast Iron
9 1 (0.086%) CFEngine
9 1 (0.086%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.086%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 119 (10.22%) Microsoft
2 92 (7.90%) Oracle
3 38 (3.26%) SAP
4 31 (2.66%) Zend
5 30 (2.58%) Google
6 26 (2.23%) MapR
7 23 (1.98%) Salesforce.com
8 17 (1.46%) Xamarin
9 16 (1.37%) hybris
9 16 (1.37%) Red Hat
9 16 (1.37%) Sitecore
10 12 (1.03%) Demandware
11 10 (0.86%) IBM
12 7 (0.60%) Apple
12 7 (0.60%) Cypress Semiconductor
12 7 (0.60%) Perfecto Mobile
13 6 (0.52%) CA
13 6 (0.52%) UiPath
14 5 (0.43%) Atlassian
14 5 (0.43%) TIBCO