Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OOP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OOP over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)
UK
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 250 300 293
Rank change year-on-year +50 -7 -17
Contract jobs citing OOP 1,107 896 889
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.05% 0.87% 0.87%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.22% 1.02% 1.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 799 703 658
UK median daily rate £475 £445 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.74% +4.71% +9.68%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £310
90th Percentile £603 £630 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £375 £400
% change year-on-year +13.33% -6.25% +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 18 7
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £45.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.11% - +123.33%
10th Percentile £24.23 £16.22 £15.00
90th Percentile £44.41 £47.71 £56.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £25.50
% change year-on-year -5.56% +76.47% +26.55%

OOP is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 91,103 88,016 87,639
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.72% 85.90% 85.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,344 58,702 57,753
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £300 £277 £263
90th Percentile £638 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,341 2,069 2,478
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.33% +6.67% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.25 £11.05
90th Percentile £50.10 £49.25 £48.33
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -12.52% +6.67% -

OOP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OOP as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing OOP.

Contractor daily rate trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing OOP over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for OOP in the UK

OOP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing OOP.

Contractor hourly rate trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing OOP over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for OOP in the UK

OOP
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OOP within the UK over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +41 1,012 £475 +5.56% 671
London +24 569 £500 - 279
UK excluding London +59 530 £425 +13.33% 437
North of England +57 173 £425 +13.33% 145
South East +33 162 £450 +16.13% 81
North West +46 99 £409 +9.00% 92
Yorkshire +7 66 £433 +16.89% 42
Scotland +25 54 £405 +24.62% 22
Midlands +8 49 £463 +26.28% 64
South West -39 36 £400 +14.29% 55
West Midlands +6 34 £475 +48.44% 35
Wales -17 32 £375 +0.67% 23
East of England -18 24 £388 +1.97% 47
East Midlands +1 13 £373 +0.81% 29
North East -5 8 £413 +10.00% 11
Northern Ireland -1 2 £460 +11.52%

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing OOP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OOP.

1 711 (64.23%) OO
2 618 (55.83%) Agile Software Development
3 431 (38.93%) JavaScript
4 414 (37.40%) TDD
5 388 (35.05%) Java
6 345 (31.17%) C#
7 334 (30.17%) .NET
8 318 (28.73%) Git (software)
9 304 (27.46%) CSS
10 291 (26.29%) HTML
11 275 (24.84%) Scrum
12 258 (23.31%) SQL
13 256 (23.13%) MVC
14 227 (20.51%) Test Automation
15 224 (20.23%) HTML5
16 213 (19.24%) Continuous Integration
17 202 (18.25%) AngularJS
18 200 (18.07%) SQL Server
19 191 (17.25%) Finance
20 187 (16.89%) BDD
21 182 (16.44%) Relational Database
22 168 (15.18%) ASP.NET
23 165 (14.91%) RESTful
24 164 (14.81%) Microservices
25 157 (14.18%) Web Services
26 156 (14.09%) Node.js
27 147 (13.28%) React
28 144 (13.01%) Unit Testing
29 143 (12.92%) CSS3
30 141 (12.74%) Microsoft

OOP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (5.51%) CMS
2 31 (2.80%) Apache Spark
3 25 (2.26%) Apache
4 24 (2.17%) Cloud Foundry
5 22 (1.99%) WebSphere
6 21 (1.90%) Confluence
7 18 (1.63%) Commerce Server
8 14 (1.26%) Drupal
8 14 (1.26%) WordPress
9 12 (1.08%) Sitecore CMS
10 11 (0.99%) Elasticsearch
11 10 (0.90%) NServiceBus
12 9 (0.81%) Tomcat
13 7 (0.63%) nginx
14 6 (0.54%) IIS
14 6 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 6 (0.54%) SharePoint
15 5 (0.45%) Apache Solr
15 5 (0.45%) Oracle Workflow
15 5 (0.45%) Umbraco
Applications
1 15 (1.36%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.54%) Photoshop
3 4 (0.36%) Adobe Illustrator
4 3 (0.27%) Maya
4 3 (0.27%) Simulink
5 2 (0.18%) GIMP
5 2 (0.18%) Snapchat
5 2 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.090%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.090%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 16 (1.45%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (1.17%) SAP Hybris
3 11 (0.99%) Magento
4 7 (0.63%) AquaLogic BPM
4 7 (0.63%) Oracle BPM
5 5 (0.45%) Payment Gateway
6 3 (0.27%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.18%) BASE24
7 2 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.18%) Markit EDM
7 2 (0.18%) Odoo
7 2 (0.18%) Oracle Retail
7 2 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.090%) Adobe Campaign
8 1 (0.090%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.090%) Maximo
8 1 (0.090%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 124 (11.20%) Microsoft Azure
2 100 (9.03%) Amazon AWS
3 54 (4.88%) GitHub
4 30 (2.71%) Serverless
5 23 (2.08%) npm
6 18 (1.63%) Amazon Kinesis
6 18 (1.63%) AWS Lambda
7 15 (1.36%) AWS CloudFormation
7 15 (1.36%) Dynamics 365
7 15 (1.36%) Yarn
8 14 (1.26%) PaaS
9 12 (1.08%) Google Cloud Platform
10 9 (0.81%) Sauce Labs
11 8 (0.72%) Azure Functions
12 7 (0.63%) BrowserStack
13 6 (0.54%) Force.com
13 6 (0.54%) OpenShift
14 5 (0.45%) Google App Engine
15 4 (0.36%) Amazon EC2
15 4 (0.36%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 62 (5.60%) HTTP
2 23 (2.08%) TCP/IP
3 21 (1.90%) FTP
4 20 (1.81%) DNS
5 19 (1.72%) DHCP
5 19 (1.72%) IPsec
5 19 (1.72%) SSL
6 16 (1.45%) Internet
7 9 (0.81%) AMQP
7 9 (0.81%) HTTPS
8 6 (0.54%) MQTT
9 5 (0.45%) Network Security
9 5 (0.45%) Reverse Proxy
10 4 (0.36%) DLNA
10 4 (0.36%) Firewall
10 4 (0.36%) UPnP
10 4 (0.36%) Wi-Fi
11 3 (0.27%) DMZ
11 3 (0.27%) SpaceWire
11 3 (0.27%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 200 (18.07%) SQL Server
2 182 (16.44%) Relational Database
3 110 (9.94%) MySQL
4 91 (8.22%) NoSQL
5 73 (6.59%) RDBMS
6 64 (5.78%) MongoDB
7 45 (4.07%) Big Data
8 35 (3.16%) Hadoop
9 31 (2.80%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 27 (2.44%) Redis
11 24 (2.17%) PostgreSQL
12 23 (2.08%) Apache Hive
13 21 (1.90%) HBase
13 21 (1.90%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 20 (1.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 18 (1.63%) Apache Cassandra
15 18 (1.63%) SQL Server 2012
16 14 (1.26%) SQL Server 2014
17 13 (1.17%) Oracle Database
18 10 (0.90%) SAP BW
Development Applications
1 318 (28.73%) Git (software)
2 126 (11.38%) Jenkins
3 122 (11.02%) Selenium
4 84 (7.59%) JIRA
5 70 (6.32%) WebDriver
6 51 (4.61%) JUnit
7 50 (4.52%) NUnit
8 45 (4.07%) gulp
9 44 (3.97%) Cucumber
10 43 (3.88%) Visual Studio
11 42 (3.79%) Bitbucket
11 42 (3.79%) SpecFlow
12 39 (3.52%) Subversion
13 38 (3.43%) MSTest
13 38 (3.43%) Visual Studio Team System
14 36 (3.25%) Maven
15 35 (3.16%) Moq
16 33 (2.98%) JMeter
16 33 (2.98%) TeamCity
16 33 (2.98%) webpack
General
1 191 (17.25%) Finance
2 81 (7.32%) Retail
3 77 (6.96%) Banking
4 51 (4.61%) Front Office
5 42 (3.79%) Marketing
6 28 (2.53%) Investment Banking
7 24 (2.17%) Telecoms
8 22 (1.99%) Publishing
9 20 (1.81%) Electronics
10 18 (1.63%) Games
10 18 (1.63%) Manufacturing
11 16 (1.45%) Back Office
12 9 (0.81%) Local Government
13 8 (0.72%) Billing
13 8 (0.72%) Financial Institution
14 5 (0.45%) Avionics
14 5 (0.45%) Law
15 4 (0.36%) Aerospace
16 3 (0.27%) Advertising
17 2 (0.18%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 814 (73.53%) Developer
2 167 (15.09%) .NET Developer
3 139 (12.56%) Java Developer
4 122 (11.02%) C# Developer
5 117 (10.57%) Senior Developer
6 74 (6.68%) PHP Developer
7 58 (5.24%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 55 (4.97%) Full Stack Developer
9 52 (4.70%) C# .NET Developer
10 46 (4.16%) JavaScript Developer
11 44 (3.97%) Software Engineer
12 40 (3.61%) Lead Developer
12 40 (3.61%) React Developer
13 39 (3.52%) Architect
14 35 (3.16%) Tester
15 34 (3.07%) UI Developer
16 33 (2.98%) Senior Java Developer
17 30 (2.71%) Automation Tester
18 29 (2.62%) Web Developer
19 28 (2.53%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 334 (30.17%) .NET
2 304 (27.46%) CSS
3 291 (26.29%) HTML
4 224 (20.23%) HTML5
5 202 (18.25%) AngularJS
6 168 (15.18%) ASP.NET
7 165 (14.91%) RESTful
8 157 (14.18%) Web Services
9 156 (14.09%) Node.js
10 147 (13.28%) React
11 143 (12.92%) CSS3
12 139 (12.56%) jQuery
13 105 (9.49%) .NET Framework
13 105 (9.49%) ASP.NET Web API
14 103 (9.30%) REST
15 100 (9.03%) Spring
16 86 (7.77%) JSON
17 77 (6.96%) WCF
18 73 (6.59%) Ajax
19 70 (6.32%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 105 (9.49%) User Experience
2 92 (8.31%) Data Structures
3 87 (7.86%) Analytical Skills
4 76 (6.87%) Algorithms
5 50 (4.52%) Greenfield Project
6 37 (3.34%) Mobile App
7 32 (2.89%) Self-Motivation
8 30 (2.71%) Fintech
9 28 (2.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 24 (2.17%) Equities
11 16 (1.45%) Fixed Income
12 15 (1.36%) Derivative
13 14 (1.26%) Graphic Design
13 14 (1.26%) Hedge funds
14 13 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
14 13 (1.17%) Linux Command Line
15 11 (0.99%) iPad
15 11 (0.99%) iPhone
16 9 (0.81%) Social Media
17 8 (0.72%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 132 (11.92%) Linux
2 77 (6.96%) Unix
3 50 (4.52%) Windows
4 48 (4.34%) Apple iOS
5 44 (3.97%) Android
6 16 (1.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.45%) tvOS
8 4 (0.36%) Embedded Linux
8 4 (0.36%) Windows Server
9 3 (0.27%) CentOS
9 3 (0.27%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.27%) Solaris
9 3 (0.27%) VMS
9 3 (0.27%) VxWorks
10 1 (0.090%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.090%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 711 (64.23%) OO
2 618 (55.83%) Agile Software Development
3 414 (37.40%) TDD
4 275 (24.84%) Scrum
5 256 (23.13%) MVC
6 227 (20.51%) Test Automation
7 213 (19.24%) Continuous Integration
8 187 (16.89%) BDD
9 164 (14.81%) Microservices
10 144 (13.01%) Unit Testing
11 120 (10.84%) Software Engineering
12 116 (10.48%) E-Commerce
13 109 (9.85%) Problem-Solving
14 107 (9.67%) SOLID
15 100 (9.03%) DevOps
16 95 (8.58%) Front End Development
17 78 (7.05%) SOA
17 78 (7.05%) Web Development
18 75 (6.78%) Computer Science
18 75 (6.78%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 431 (38.93%) JavaScript
2 388 (35.05%) Java
3 345 (31.17%) C#
4 258 (23.31%) SQL
5 138 (12.47%) PHP
6 126 (11.38%) Python
7 90 (8.13%) C++
8 60 (5.42%) TypeScript
9 53 (4.79%) Scala
10 50 (4.52%) ES6
11 48 (4.34%) Java 8
12 41 (3.70%) T-SQL
13 25 (2.26%) Apple Swift
14 23 (2.08%) Shell Script
15 19 (1.72%) C
16 18 (1.63%) PHP 5
17 17 (1.54%) Bash Shell
17 17 (1.54%) Groovy
18 15 (1.36%) ABAP
18 15 (1.36%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 102 (9.21%) Degree
2 23 (2.08%) Computer Science Degree
3 20 (1.81%) Security Cleared
4 17 (1.54%) SC Cleared
5 16 (1.45%) Master's Degree
6 8 (0.72%) ISTQB
7 6 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
7 6 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
8 5 (0.45%) DBS Check
8 5 (0.45%) PhD
9 4 (0.36%) Sun Certification
10 2 (0.18%) ISEB
11 1 (0.090%) CFA
11 1 (0.090%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 1 (0.090%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 84 (7.59%) QA
2 6 (0.54%) WCAG
3 5 (0.45%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.45%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.27%) ECSS
4 3 (0.27%) MIL-STD-1553
5 2 (0.18%) MiFID
5 2 (0.18%) PMO
6 1 (0.090%) EMIR
6 1 (0.090%) GxP
6 1 (0.090%) SLA
6 1 (0.090%) WAI
System Software
1 64 (5.78%) Docker
2 33 (2.98%) Virtual Machines
3 5 (0.45%) Firmware
3 5 (0.45%) HDFS
3 5 (0.45%) VirtualBox
4 2 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.090%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.090%) Shibboleth
Systems Management
1 31 (2.80%) Puppet
2 28 (2.53%) Opscode Chef
3 24 (2.17%) Ansible
4 22 (1.99%) Kubernetes
5 6 (0.54%) Terraform
6 5 (0.45%) HAProxy
7 3 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
7 3 (0.27%) HP ALM
7 3 (0.27%) Kibana
8 1 (0.090%) Docker Swarm
8 1 (0.090%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.090%) logstash
8 1 (0.090%) Mesos
8 1 (0.090%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 141 (12.74%) Microsoft
2 72 (6.50%) Oracle
3 42 (3.79%) SAP
4 28 (2.53%) Google
5 19 (1.72%) Xamarin
6 17 (1.54%) Red Hat
7 16 (1.45%) MapR
7 16 (1.45%) Salesforce.com
7 16 (1.45%) Zend
8 13 (1.17%) Demandware
8 13 (1.17%) hybris
8 13 (1.17%) Sitecore
9 10 (0.90%) Adobe
10 8 (0.72%) Apple
10 8 (0.72%) TIBCO
11 7 (0.63%) Cypress Semiconductor
11 7 (0.63%) IBM
11 7 (0.63%) Perfecto Mobile
12 5 (0.45%) New Relic
12 5 (0.45%) Twitter