Period
to 19 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OOP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OOP over the 6 months to 19 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)
UK
6 months to
19 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 238 278 291
Rank change year-on-year +40 +13 -2
Contract jobs citing OOP 1,134 804 946
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.14% 0.88% 0.89%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.33% 1.04% 1.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 840 608 738
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £320 £290 £290
90th Percentile £650 £613 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +13.33% - +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 12 5
UK median hourly rate £37.50 £42.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.76% +13.33% -6.25%
10th Percentile £26.10 £17.30 £31.90
90th Percentile £43.75 £45.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £43.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -6.98% +14.67% -6.25%

OOP is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 85,425 77,081 88,855
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.66% 84.76% 84.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,293 50,493 58,499
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,320 2,088 2,246
UK median hourly rate £21.75 £25.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.00% - +17.37%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.47 £12.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £52.50 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £27.00
% change year-on-year -20.00% -7.41% +25.29%

OOP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OOP as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing OOP.

Contractor daily rate trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing OOP over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for OOP in the UK

OOP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing OOP.

Contractor hourly rate trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing OOP over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for OOP in the UK

OOP
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OOP within the UK over the 6 months to 19 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +71 1,030 £468 +6.97% 634
London +49 665 £500 +1.01% 205
UK excluding London +32 452 £425 +13.33% 468
South East +30 127 £435 +8.75% 94
North of England +9 125 £413 +10.00% 149
Midlands +21 64 £361 +16.53% 90
Yorkshire +4 58 £375 -6.25% 53
North West -16 50 £415 +10.67% 88
Scotland -24 42 £406 +16.07% 31
East Midlands +16 34 £354 +17.83% 33
West Midlands -4 30 £400 +25.00% 57
East of England +4 28 £440 +20.55% 47
Northern Ireland -6 28 £460 +6.36% 1
South West +4 20 £450 +28.57% 49
Wales -27 18 £420 +12.75% 7
North East +11 17 £350 - 8

For the 6 months to 19 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing OOP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OOP.

1 694 (61.20%) OO
2 592 (52.20%) Agile Software Development
3 498 (43.92%) Java
4 412 (36.33%) JavaScript
5 366 (32.28%) TDD
6 350 (30.86%) HTML
7 349 (30.78%) C#
8 290 (25.57%) .NET
9 289 (25.49%) Git (software)
10 287 (25.31%) SQL
11 278 (24.51%) CSS
12 267 (23.54%) Scrum
13 264 (23.28%) MVC
14 232 (20.46%) Finance
15 220 (19.40%) RESTful
16 212 (18.69%) Continuous Integration
17 207 (18.25%) SQL Server
18 197 (17.37%) BDD
19 196 (17.28%) Problem-Solving
20 192 (16.93%) HTML5
21 187 (16.49%) Relational Database
22 183 (16.14%) Test Automation
23 181 (15.96%) Web Services
24 174 (15.34%) Python
25 163 (14.37%) Jenkins
26 157 (13.84%) AngularJS
27 152 (13.40%) Microservices
27 152 (13.40%) E-Commerce
28 150 (13.23%) Linux
29 136 (11.99%) JSON

OOP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (5.11%) Apache
2 30 (2.65%) CMS
2 30 (2.65%) Confluence
3 28 (2.47%) Tomcat
4 23 (2.03%) Apache Spark
5 19 (1.68%) WebSphere
6 18 (1.59%) BizTalk Server
6 18 (1.59%) Cloud Foundry
6 18 (1.59%) Commerce Server
6 18 (1.59%) Elasticsearch
6 18 (1.59%) NServiceBus
7 15 (1.32%) nginx
7 15 (1.32%) Sitecore CMS
8 14 (1.23%) JBoss
9 11 (0.97%) IIS
9 11 (0.97%) WordPress
10 10 (0.88%) GemFire
11 9 (0.79%) Apache Pig
12 8 (0.71%) Apache Airflow
12 8 (0.71%) Hyperledger
Applications
1 10 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.62%) Photoshop
3 6 (0.53%) GIMP
3 6 (0.53%) Spreadsheet
4 4 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.26%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.26%) SPSS
6 1 (0.088%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 30 (2.65%) Magento
2 9 (0.79%) SAP Hybris
3 7 (0.62%) Payment Gateway
4 4 (0.35%) AquaLogic BPM
4 4 (0.35%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.18%) Odoo
5 2 (0.18%) SAP HCM
6 1 (0.088%) BASE24
6 1 (0.088%) Eloqua
6 1 (0.088%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.088%) RMDS
6 1 (0.088%) SAP HR
6 1 (0.088%) SAP SRM
6 1 (0.088%) SDL Web 8
6 1 (0.088%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 99 (8.73%) Microsoft Azure
2 98 (8.64%) Amazon AWS
3 61 (5.38%) GitHub
4 13 (1.15%) Serverless
5 11 (0.97%) Amazon Kinesis
5 11 (0.97%) AWS Lambda
6 10 (0.88%) PaaS
7 9 (0.79%) AWS CloudFormation
7 9 (0.79%) Sauce Labs
8 7 (0.62%) Amazon EC2
8 7 (0.62%) BrowserStack
8 7 (0.62%) npm
8 7 (0.62%) NuGet
9 6 (0.53%) Force.com
9 6 (0.53%) Heroku
9 6 (0.53%) Salesforce Service Cloud
9 6 (0.53%) Trello
10 5 (0.44%) Cloud Computing
11 4 (0.35%) Amazon S3
11 4 (0.35%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 116 (10.23%) HTTP
2 36 (3.17%) TCP/IP
3 33 (2.91%) FTP
3 33 (2.91%) SSL
4 32 (2.82%) DNS
5 30 (2.65%) DHCP
5 30 (2.65%) IPsec
6 16 (1.41%) Internet
7 10 (0.88%) SMTP
8 9 (0.79%) Bluetooth
8 9 (0.79%) SMS
9 7 (0.62%) IMAP
10 5 (0.44%) Reverse Proxy
11 4 (0.35%) DLNA
11 4 (0.35%) UPnP
11 4 (0.35%) Wi-Fi
12 3 (0.26%) HTTPS
12 3 (0.26%) SNMP
13 1 (0.088%) Broadband
13 1 (0.088%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 207 (18.25%) SQL Server
2 187 (16.49%) Relational Database
3 134 (11.82%) MySQL
4 109 (9.61%) NoSQL
5 83 (7.32%) MongoDB
6 82 (7.23%) RDBMS
7 36 (3.17%) PostgreSQL
8 25 (2.20%) Big Data
9 24 (2.12%) Apache Hive
10 21 (1.85%) Hadoop
11 16 (1.41%) HBase
12 15 (1.32%) Apache Cassandra
12 15 (1.32%) Data Warehouse
13 12 (1.06%) Oracle Database
13 12 (1.06%) SQL Server 2008
14 11 (0.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 11 (0.97%) Redis
15 8 (0.71%) SQL Server 2012
15 8 (0.71%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 8 (0.71%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 289 (25.49%) Git (software)
2 163 (14.37%) Jenkins
3 89 (7.85%) JIRA
4 62 (5.47%) JUnit
5 59 (5.20%) Selenium
6 50 (4.41%) Subversion
7 42 (3.70%) NUnit
7 42 (3.70%) Team Foundation Server
8 40 (3.53%) Cucumber
9 38 (3.35%) WebDriver
10 37 (3.26%) webpack
11 34 (3.00%) Grunt
11 34 (3.00%) gulp
11 34 (3.00%) TeamCity
12 33 (2.91%) SonarQube
13 32 (2.82%) Eclipse
13 32 (2.82%) SpecFlow
13 32 (2.82%) Travis CI
14 31 (2.73%) Maven
15 27 (2.38%) Jasmine
General
1 232 (20.46%) Finance
2 112 (9.88%) Front Office
3 87 (7.67%) Banking
4 83 (7.32%) Retail
5 19 (1.68%) Investment Banking
5 19 (1.68%) Marketing
6 18 (1.59%) Financial Institution
7 17 (1.50%) Games
8 13 (1.15%) Telecoms
9 11 (0.97%) Publishing
10 6 (0.53%) Electronics
10 6 (0.53%) Law
11 5 (0.44%) Legal
12 4 (0.35%) Advertising
12 4 (0.35%) Aerospace
12 4 (0.35%) Automotive
12 4 (0.35%) Back Office
13 2 (0.18%) Brand Awareness
13 2 (0.18%) General Ledger
13 2 (0.18%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 865 (76.28%) Developer
2 185 (16.31%) Java Developer
3 148 (13.05%) C# Developer
4 132 (11.64%) Senior Developer
5 107 (9.44%) .NET Developer
6 89 (7.85%) PHP Developer
7 67 (5.91%) Android Developer
8 55 (4.85%) JavaScript Developer
9 52 (4.59%) Front Office Developer
10 44 (3.88%) C# .NET Developer
10 44 (3.88%) SQL Developer
11 43 (3.79%) Full Stack Developer
12 40 (3.53%) HTML Developer
12 40 (3.53%) Software Engineer
13 39 (3.44%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 38 (3.35%) Quantitative Developer
15 37 (3.26%) Web Developer
16 36 (3.17%) UI Developer
17 35 (3.09%) Electronic Trading Developer
18 34 (3.00%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 350 (30.86%) HTML
2 290 (25.57%) .NET
3 278 (24.51%) CSS
4 220 (19.40%) RESTful
5 192 (16.93%) HTML5
6 181 (15.96%) Web Services
7 157 (13.84%) AngularJS
8 136 (11.99%) JSON
9 127 (11.20%) CSS3
10 126 (11.11%) jQuery
10 126 (11.11%) REST
11 122 (10.76%) ASP.NET
12 114 (10.05%) Node.js
13 101 (8.91%) .NET Framework
14 99 (8.73%) Spring
15 98 (8.64%) XML
16 82 (7.23%) ASP.NET MVC
16 82 (7.23%) React
17 74 (6.53%) ASP.NET Web API
18 70 (6.17%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 128 (11.29%) Algorithms
2 117 (10.32%) Computer Science
3 109 (9.61%) Analytical Skills
4 89 (7.85%) User Experience
5 66 (5.82%) Greenfield Project
5 66 (5.82%) Mobile App
6 44 (3.88%) Data Structures
7 43 (3.79%) Fintech
8 41 (3.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 35 (3.09%) Self-Motivation
10 28 (2.47%) Derivative
11 27 (2.38%) Enterprise Software
12 22 (1.94%) Equities
13 19 (1.68%) Linux Command Line
14 17 (1.50%) Fixed Income
15 14 (1.23%) Virtual Team
16 13 (1.15%) Hybrid Cloud
17 11 (0.97%) iPad
18 10 (0.88%) Chromecast
18 10 (0.88%) IPTV
Operating Systems
1 150 (13.23%) Linux
2 109 (9.61%) Android
3 68 (6.00%) Unix
4 52 (4.59%) Apple iOS
5 40 (3.53%) Windows
6 10 (0.88%) Mac OS
7 6 (0.53%) Embedded Linux
8 4 (0.35%) Mac OS X
8 4 (0.35%) Solaris
9 3 (0.26%) CentOS
9 3 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.26%) Windows Server
10 2 (0.18%) FreeRTOS
11 1 (0.088%) Fedora
11 1 (0.088%) SUSE
11 1 (0.088%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
11 1 (0.088%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.088%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.088%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.088%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 694 (61.20%) OO
2 592 (52.20%) Agile Software Development
3 366 (32.28%) TDD
4 267 (23.54%) Scrum
5 264 (23.28%) MVC
6 212 (18.69%) Continuous Integration
7 197 (17.37%) BDD
8 196 (17.28%) Problem-Solving
9 183 (16.14%) Test Automation
10 152 (13.40%) E-Commerce
10 152 (13.40%) Microservices
11 122 (10.76%) Open Source
12 115 (10.14%) Unit Testing
13 109 (9.61%) DevOps
14 105 (9.26%) Kanban
15 100 (8.82%) Front End Development
16 98 (8.64%) Multithreading
17 92 (8.11%) Android Development
18 86 (7.58%) SOLID
19 85 (7.50%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 498 (43.92%) Java
2 412 (36.33%) JavaScript
3 349 (30.78%) C#
4 287 (25.31%) SQL
5 174 (15.34%) Python
6 132 (11.64%) PHP
7 103 (9.08%) C++
8 65 (5.73%) Scala
9 48 (4.23%) Ruby
10 46 (4.06%) Java 8
11 45 (3.97%) Shell Script
12 40 (3.53%) T-SQL
13 35 (3.09%) R
14 33 (2.91%) VB.NET
15 31 (2.73%) Apple Swift
15 31 (2.73%) Kotlin
16 30 (2.65%) Bash Shell
17 27 (2.38%) Groovy
18 25 (2.20%) ES6
19 23 (2.03%) Perl
Qualifications
1 119 (10.49%) Degree
2 39 (3.44%) Computer Science Degree
3 36 (3.17%) Security Cleared
4 27 (2.38%) SC Cleared
5 21 (1.85%) Master's Degree
5 21 (1.85%) Numerate Degree
5 21 (1.85%) PhD
6 10 (0.88%) ISTQB
7 5 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
7 5 (0.44%) ISEB
8 4 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 2 (0.18%) OCA
9 2 (0.18%) Oracle Certification
10 1 (0.088%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.088%) MCP
10 1 (0.088%) MCPD
10 1 (0.088%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 57 (5.03%) QA
2 8 (0.71%) PCI DSS
3 6 (0.53%) MiFID
4 5 (0.44%) WAI
5 4 (0.35%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.35%) SLA
5 4 (0.35%) WCAG
6 3 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.18%) GCP
8 1 (0.088%) ECSS
8 1 (0.088%) EMIR
8 1 (0.088%) MIL-STD-1553
8 1 (0.088%) PMO
System Software
1 65 (5.73%) Docker
2 53 (4.67%) Virtual Machines
3 19 (1.68%) HDFS
4 10 (0.88%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 8 (0.71%) Apache Flume
6 5 (0.44%) VirtualBox
7 2 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
8 1 (0.088%) Platform Symphony
8 1 (0.088%) Squid
Systems Management
1 43 (3.79%) Opscode Chef
2 38 (3.35%) Puppet
3 17 (1.50%) Ansible
4 9 (0.79%) Hadoop YARN
5 8 (0.71%) Control-M
5 8 (0.71%) Kubernetes
6 5 (0.44%) HAProxy
6 5 (0.44%) Terraform
7 4 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
8 3 (0.26%) Capistrano
9 2 (0.18%) Business Desktop Deployment
9 2 (0.18%) Kibana
9 2 (0.18%) logstash
9 2 (0.18%) Mesos
9 2 (0.18%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 2 (0.18%) WebSphere Cast Iron
10 1 (0.088%) CFEngine
10 1 (0.088%) Nagios
10 1 (0.088%) SELinux
Vendors
1 97 (8.55%) Microsoft
2 77 (6.79%) Oracle
3 38 (3.35%) MapR
4 28 (2.47%) Salesforce.com
4 28 (2.47%) SAP
5 26 (2.29%) Google
6 21 (1.85%) Zend
7 18 (1.59%) Sitecore
8 16 (1.41%) Reuters
9 14 (1.23%) Capita
10 13 (1.15%) Bloomberg
10 13 (1.15%) Sybase
11 12 (1.06%) hybris
12 10 (0.88%) Cloudera
13 9 (0.79%) Apigee
14 8 (0.71%) Demandware
14 8 (0.71%) Embarcadero
14 8 (0.71%) Hortonworks
14 8 (0.71%) IBM
15 7 (0.62%) Adobe