Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 180 238 272
Rank change year-on-year +58 +34 0
Permanent jobs citing IaaS 1,318 1,438 1,713
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.79% 1.37% 1.24%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.32% 3.93% 4.43%
Number of salaries quoted 1,002 1,099 1,271
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £41,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £51,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £65,000
75th Percentile £78,750 £80,000 £80,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £93,750 £91,750
UK median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year - +4.00% -3.85%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 30,533 36,548 38,643
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 41.52% 34.90% 28.00%
Number of salaries quoted 25,303 30,310 31,537
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,750
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £92,500 £92,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% - +4.76%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Salary trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Salary histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +73 597 £72,500 - 131
South East +81 291 £62,500 -7.41% 40
North of England 0 175 £57,500 - 62
North West +2 105 £55,000 -4.35% 45
Midlands -38 99 £60,000 +9.09% 31
South West +32 91 £52,500 -4.55% 21
West Midlands -18 78 £67,500 +22.73% 21
Yorkshire -23 46 £49,750 -20.40% 13
East of England +34 38 £60,000 +3.00% 21
North East +28 24 £60,000 +9.09% 4
East Midlands 0 21 £57,500 -4.17% 10
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 996 (75.57%) PaaS
2 980 (74.36%) Azure
3 596 (45.22%) DevOps
4 559 (42.41%) SaaS
5 523 (39.68%) AWS
6 502 (38.09%) Microsoft
7 445 (33.76%) Agile Software Development
8 405 (30.73%) Active Directory
9 387 (29.36%) Windows
10 345 (26.18%) Kubernetes
11 336 (25.49%) PowerShell
12 302 (22.91%) Terraform
13 299 (22.69%) Ansible
14 278 (21.09%) SQL
15 266 (20.18%) Docker
16 261 (19.80%) Linux
17 251 (19.04%) Python
18 250 (18.97%) SQL Server
19 232 (17.60%) VMware
20 229 (17.37%) Azure Active Directory
21 218 (16.54%) Finance
21 218 (16.54%) Windows Server
22 215 (16.31%) Microsoft 365
23 208 (15.78%) Public Cloud
24 199 (15.10%) GCP
25 191 (14.49%) Infrastructure Engineering
26 186 (14.11%) Microservices
27 181 (13.73%) Migration
28 178 (13.51%) Security Cleared
29 171 (12.97%) Configuration Management

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 71 (5.39%) SharePoint
2 47 (3.57%) NServiceBus
3 41 (3.11%) Confluence
3 41 (3.11%) IIS
4 35 (2.66%) MS Exchange
4 35 (2.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 30 (2.28%) Elasticsearch
6 16 (1.21%) Skype for Business
7 13 (0.99%) Cloud Foundry
7 13 (0.99%) Exchange Server 2010
7 13 (0.99%) OpenStack
8 11 (0.83%) Apache Spark
8 11 (0.83%) BizTalk Server
9 8 (0.61%) Apache
10 7 (0.53%) Apache Solr
10 7 (0.53%) Exchange Server 2013
11 6 (0.46%) Camunda
12 5 (0.38%) nginx
13 4 (0.30%) Liferay
13 4 (0.30%) Mule
Applications
1 12 (0.91%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.61%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.30%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.076%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.076%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 12 (0.91%) Oracle ERP
2 10 (0.76%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 7 (0.53%) Sentinel
4 5 (0.38%) Oracle BPM
5 4 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
5 4 (0.30%) SAP Hybris
6 3 (0.23%) Lorenzo
6 3 (0.23%) Remedy ITSM
7 2 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.15%) SAP GTS
8 1 (0.076%) Dynamics GP
8 1 (0.076%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.076%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 996 (75.57%) PaaS
2 980 (74.36%) Azure
3 559 (42.41%) SaaS
4 523 (39.68%) AWS
5 229 (17.37%) Azure Active Directory
6 215 (16.31%) Microsoft 365
7 199 (15.10%) GCP
8 113 (8.57%) Serverless
9 85 (6.45%) Power Platform
10 82 (6.22%) Cloud Computing
11 67 (5.08%) AWS CloudFormation
12 60 (4.55%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 52 (3.95%) Azure Data Factory
14 41 (3.11%) GitHub
15 36 (2.73%) AWS Lambda
16 34 (2.58%) PowerApps
17 33 (2.50%) Dynamics 365
18 32 (2.43%) Azure Functions
19 30 (2.28%) OneDrive
20 24 (1.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 153 (11.61%) Firewall
2 128 (9.71%) DNS
3 76 (5.77%) VPN
4 71 (5.39%) SAN
5 64 (4.86%) Skype
6 57 (4.32%) HTTP
7 56 (4.25%) Network Security
8 54 (4.10%) TCP/IP
9 49 (3.72%) VLAN
9 49 (3.72%) WAN
10 48 (3.64%) DHCP
11 47 (3.57%) Internet
12 28 (2.12%) LAN
13 25 (1.90%) Cisco ASA
14 19 (1.44%) DMZ
15 18 (1.37%) SSL
15 18 (1.37%) WAAS
16 14 (1.06%) Wi-Fi
17 12 (0.91%) FTP
18 11 (0.83%) tcpdump
Database & Business Intelligence
1 250 (18.97%) SQL Server
2 90 (6.83%) NoSQL
3 86 (6.53%) Azure SQL Database
4 59 (4.48%) Cosmos DB
5 48 (3.64%) Big Data
6 42 (3.19%) Power BI
7 39 (2.96%) Data Warehouse
8 37 (2.81%) PostgreSQL
9 31 (2.35%) MongoDB
9 31 (2.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 27 (2.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 26 (1.97%) Amazon RDS
12 24 (1.82%) Relational Database
13 20 (1.52%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
13 20 (1.52%) Redis
14 19 (1.44%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 17 (1.29%) Microsoft Analysis Services
15 17 (1.29%) Tableau
16 16 (1.21%) OLTP
17 15 (1.14%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 164 (12.44%) Jenkins
2 134 (10.17%) Git (software)
3 55 (4.17%) TeamCity
4 52 (3.95%) Octopus Deploy
5 51 (3.87%) JIRA
6 48 (3.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 44 (3.34%) Bitbucket
8 36 (2.73%) GitLab
9 30 (2.28%) Maven
10 28 (2.12%) Gradle
11 19 (1.44%) Team Foundation Server
12 15 (1.14%) Sonatype Nexus
12 15 (1.14%) Visual Studio
13 8 (0.61%) gulp
14 6 (0.46%) Robot Framework
14 6 (0.46%) Visual Studio Team System
15 4 (0.30%) Fiddler
15 4 (0.30%) Jasmine
15 4 (0.30%) SoapUI
15 4 (0.30%) SpecFlow
General
1 218 (16.54%) Finance
2 53 (4.02%) Banking
3 42 (3.19%) Public Sector
4 29 (2.20%) Billing
4 29 (2.20%) Legal
5 27 (2.05%) Retail
6 22 (1.67%) Back Office
7 19 (1.44%) Law
7 19 (1.44%) Telecoms
8 15 (1.14%) Marketing
9 14 (1.06%) Games
9 14 (1.06%) Local Government
10 8 (0.61%) Manufacturing
11 6 (0.46%) Financial Institution
12 4 (0.30%) Electronics
13 3 (0.23%) Wholesale Banking
14 2 (0.15%) Advertising
14 2 (0.15%) German Language
14 2 (0.15%) Investment Banking
14 2 (0.15%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 309 (23.44%) Architect
2 189 (14.34%) DevOps Engineer
3 183 (13.88%) Azure Engineer
4 175 (13.28%) Cloud Engineer
5 133 (10.09%) Consultant
6 129 (9.79%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 128 (9.71%) Cloud Architect
8 116 (8.80%) Azure Architect
9 114 (8.65%) Developer
10 107 (8.12%) Solutions Architect
11 86 (6.53%) AWS Engineer
12 73 (5.54%) AWS DevOps
13 66 (5.01%) Platform Engineer
14 65 (4.93%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 63 (4.78%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 61 (4.63%) Azure Consultant
17 50 (3.79%) Security Engineer
18 44 (3.34%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
19 42 (3.19%) Analyst
20 41 (3.11%) Cloud Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 154 (11.68%) .NET
2 89 (6.75%) .NET Core
3 85 (6.45%) React
3 85 (6.45%) Web Services
4 60 (4.55%) .NET Framework
5 59 (4.48%) CSS
6 54 (4.10%) REST
7 50 (3.79%) Elastic Stack
8 47 (3.57%) ASP.NET
9 46 (3.49%) ASP.NET MVC
10 45 (3.41%) ASP.NET Core
10 45 (3.41%) ASP.NET Web Forms
11 44 (3.34%) HTML
12 43 (3.26%) AngularJS
13 40 (3.03%) JSON
14 39 (2.96%) Node.js
15 38 (2.88%) Kafka
16 34 (2.58%) Blazor
17 28 (2.12%) Spring
18 27 (2.05%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 208 (15.78%) Public Cloud
2 168 (12.75%) Data Centre
3 137 (10.39%) Cloud Native
4 65 (4.93%) Management Information System
5 64 (4.86%) Enterprise Software
6 61 (4.63%) Hybrid Cloud
6 61 (4.63%) Private Cloud
7 41 (3.11%) Analytical Skills
8 28 (2.12%) Greenfield Project
9 22 (1.67%) Algorithms
10 21 (1.59%) Self-Motivation
11 20 (1.52%) Clustering
12 19 (1.44%) PKI
12 19 (1.44%) User Experience
13 18 (1.37%) PMI
14 17 (1.29%) Replication
15 16 (1.21%) Blog
16 14 (1.06%) Enterprise Cloud
17 13 (0.99%) Virtual Team
18 11 (0.83%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
Operating Systems
1 387 (29.36%) Windows
2 261 (19.80%) Linux
3 218 (16.54%) Windows Server
4 88 (6.68%) Windows Server 2019
5 86 (6.53%) Windows Server 2016
6 74 (5.61%) Unix
7 70 (5.31%) Windows Server 2012
8 40 (3.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 23 (1.75%) VMS
10 18 (1.37%) Windows Server 2008
11 17 (1.29%) Windows 10
12 8 (0.61%) CentOS
13 7 (0.53%) Apple iOS
14 5 (0.38%) Solaris
14 5 (0.38%) SUSE
14 5 (0.38%) Ubuntu
15 4 (0.30%) Android
16 3 (0.23%) Mac OS
16 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2003
17 2 (0.15%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 596 (45.22%) DevOps
2 445 (33.76%) Agile Software Development
3 191 (14.49%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 186 (14.11%) Microservices
5 181 (13.73%) Migration
6 171 (12.97%) Configuration Management
7 158 (11.99%) Infrastructure as Code
8 142 (10.77%) ITIL
9 104 (7.89%) Disaster Recovery
10 103 (7.81%) Analytics
10 103 (7.81%) Presales
11 95 (7.21%) Mentoring
12 88 (6.68%) Continuous Integration
13 87 (6.60%) Software Engineering
14 83 (6.30%) Information Security
15 81 (6.15%) Scrum
16 78 (5.92%) Problem-Solving
17 77 (5.84%) Business Intelligence
18 75 (5.69%) Technical Leadership
19 69 (5.24%) Enterprise Architecture
Programming Languages
1 336 (25.49%) PowerShell
2 278 (21.09%) SQL
3 251 (19.04%) Python
4 145 (11.00%) C#
5 132 (10.02%) Java
6 119 (9.03%) JavaScript
7 77 (5.84%) Bash Shell
8 61 (4.63%) Ruby
9 59 (4.48%) Go
10 55 (4.17%) Perl
11 50 (3.79%) TypeScript
12 25 (1.90%) T-SQL
13 23 (1.75%) Shell Script
14 17 (1.29%) Groovy
15 15 (1.14%) C++
15 15 (1.14%) ES6
16 13 (0.99%) Java 8
17 12 (0.91%) Scala
18 9 (0.68%) R
19 7 (0.53%) PHP
Qualifications
1 178 (13.51%) Security Cleared
2 145 (11.00%) SC Cleared
3 117 (8.88%) Degree
4 74 (5.61%) Microsoft Certification
5 49 (3.72%) MCSE
6 47 (3.57%) CISSP
7 45 (3.41%) Cisco Certification
8 39 (2.96%) CISM
9 37 (2.81%) CCNA
10 35 (2.66%) CISA
11 23 (1.75%) Oracle Certification
12 22 (1.67%) BPSS Clearance
12 22 (1.67%) PMI Certification
13 19 (1.44%) MCSA
14 18 (1.37%) AWS Certification
14 18 (1.37%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
15 12 (0.91%) Computer Science Degree
16 11 (0.83%) OCP
16 11 (0.83%) RHCE
16 11 (0.83%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 76 (5.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 36 (2.73%) QA
3 33 (2.50%) SLA
4 25 (1.90%) NIST
5 23 (1.75%) GDPR
6 19 (1.44%) ITGC
7 18 (1.37%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 18 (1.37%) HIPAA
8 17 (1.29%) Cyber Essentials
9 12 (0.91%) GRC
9 12 (0.91%) PCI DSS
10 11 (0.83%) PMO
11 10 (0.76%) COBIT
11 10 (0.76%) NCSC
12 9 (0.68%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 9 (0.68%) Data Quality
13 7 (0.53%) SOC 2
14 5 (0.38%) NIST 800
15 2 (0.15%) COSO
15 2 (0.15%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 405 (30.73%) Active Directory
2 266 (20.18%) Docker
3 166 (12.59%) VMware Infrastructure
4 108 (8.19%) Hyper-V
5 79 (5.99%) Virtual Machines
6 23 (1.75%) KVM
7 22 (1.67%) vSphere
8 19 (1.44%) Virtual Desktop
9 13 (0.99%) Xen
10 9 (0.68%) VMware ESXi
11 7 (0.53%) XenApp
12 6 (0.46%) DFS Replication
13 5 (0.38%) Terminal Services
13 5 (0.38%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 4 (0.30%) BitLocker
14 4 (0.30%) VMware Workstation
15 3 (0.23%) OCFS2
15 3 (0.23%) qmail
15 3 (0.23%) Veritas Volume Manager
15 3 (0.23%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 345 (26.18%) Kubernetes
2 302 (22.91%) Terraform
3 299 (22.69%) Ansible
4 140 (10.62%) Puppet
5 127 (9.64%) SCCM
6 121 (9.18%) Opscode Chef
7 99 (7.51%) Microsoft Intune
8 62 (4.70%) SCOM
9 45 (3.41%) Prometheus
10 41 (3.11%) CFEngine
11 31 (2.35%) SCVMM
11 31 (2.35%) Single Sign-On
12 27 (2.05%) Nagios
13 24 (1.82%) Grafana
14 22 (1.67%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
15 20 (1.52%) Packer
16 19 (1.44%) Demisto
17 17 (1.29%) Opsview
18 14 (1.06%) McAfee ePO
19 13 (0.99%) Graphite
Vendors
1 502 (38.09%) Microsoft
2 232 (17.60%) VMware
3 134 (10.17%) Google
4 128 (9.71%) Oracle
5 90 (6.83%) Cisco
6 69 (5.24%) Citrix
7 64 (4.86%) Veeam
8 46 (3.49%) Splunk
9 37 (2.81%) SolarWinds
10 36 (2.73%) Red Hat
10 36 (2.73%) ServiceNow
11 24 (1.82%) NetApp
12 22 (1.67%) McAfee
13 19 (1.44%) ArcSight
13 19 (1.44%) SAP
14 18 (1.37%) HP
15 17 (1.29%) Databricks
16 16 (1.21%) Atlassian
16 16 (1.21%) CommVault
16 16 (1.21%) Dell