Period
to 28 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 28 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
28 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 203 173 260
Rank change year-on-year -30 +87 +57
Permanent jobs citing IaaS 1,863 883 1,699
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.72% 2.00% 1.32%
As % of the Cloud Services category 3.94% 5.03% 4.16%
Number of salaries quoted 1,419 663 1,383
10th Percentile £44,000 £42,500 £41,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +8.00% -3.85%
75th Percentile £86,250 £80,000 £78,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £91,250
UK median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £62,500
% change year-on-year +3.70% +8.00% -3.85%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 47,335 17,558 40,805
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 43.70% 39.72% 31.67%
Number of salaries quoted 33,392 14,935 33,822
10th Percentile £32,500 £33,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £43,750 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Salary trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Salary histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 28 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -52 820 £80,000 +14.29% 150
South East -71 346 £67,500 +3.85% 55
North of England -23 302 £57,500 -16.67% 77
North West -28 182 £58,406 -16.56% 46
Midlands -4 177 £65,000 +23.81% 35
West Midlands -13 127 £68,250 +9.20% 21
South West -68 96 £48,375 -46.25% 12
Yorkshire -38 95 £56,750 +3.18% 23
East of England -47 64 £56,250 +15.38% 15
East Midlands -33 50 £57,500 +15.00% 14
North East -15 26 £55,000 +10.00% 8
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 28 September 2021, IT jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 1,411 (75.74%) PaaS
2 1,401 (75.20%) Azure
3 860 (46.16%) DevOps
4 853 (45.79%) SaaS
5 789 (42.35%) Microsoft
6 766 (41.12%) AWS
7 534 (28.66%) Agile Software Development
8 488 (26.19%) Active Directory
9 459 (24.64%) Windows
10 435 (23.35%) PowerShell
11 434 (23.30%) Terraform
12 416 (22.33%) Kubernetes
13 396 (21.26%) Social Skills
14 360 (19.32%) Python
15 353 (18.95%) Docker
16 337 (18.09%) Public Cloud
17 335 (17.98%) Infrastructure as Code
18 331 (17.77%) SQL
19 328 (17.61%) Microsoft 365
20 313 (16.80%) Migration
21 311 (16.69%) Linux
22 289 (15.51%) VMware
23 280 (15.03%) GCP
23 280 (15.03%) Ansible
24 271 (14.55%) Finance
25 259 (13.90%) Azure Active Directory
26 256 (13.74%) Infrastructure Engineering
27 241 (12.94%) Firewall
28 237 (12.72%) SQL Server
29 228 (12.24%) Windows Server

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 109 (5.85%) SharePoint
2 88 (4.72%) IIS
3 49 (2.63%) Cloud Foundry
4 36 (1.93%) MS Exchange
5 34 (1.83%) Confluence
6 26 (1.40%) Apache Spark
7 25 (1.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 21 (1.13%) Elasticsearch
9 19 (1.02%) CMS
9 19 (1.02%) Umbraco
10 18 (0.97%) Apache
10 18 (0.97%) Sitecore CMS
11 17 (0.91%) WordPress
12 13 (0.70%) nginx
13 12 (0.64%) Skype for Business
14 10 (0.54%) NServiceBus
15 8 (0.43%) Apache Pig
15 8 (0.43%) Apache Solr
15 8 (0.43%) Exchange Server 2013
15 8 (0.43%) OpenStack
Applications
1 63 (3.38%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.27%) Figma
2 5 (0.27%) MS Visio
2 5 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
3 3 (0.16%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.054%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.054%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 27 (1.45%) Sentinel
2 24 (1.29%) Dynamics CRM
3 22 (1.18%) Oracle ERP
4 11 (0.59%) Sage 200
5 5 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
5 5 (0.27%) Oracle Applications
5 5 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
5 5 (0.27%) Oracle Payables
5 5 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
6 4 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
6 4 (0.21%) Oracle EBS R12
6 4 (0.21%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 4 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 3 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
8 2 (0.11%) Oracle CRM
8 2 (0.11%) SAP MDG
9 1 (0.054%) Dynamics GP
9 1 (0.054%) Eloqua
9 1 (0.054%) Maximo
9 1 (0.054%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 1,411 (75.74%) PaaS
2 1,401 (75.20%) Azure
3 853 (45.79%) SaaS
4 766 (41.12%) AWS
5 328 (17.61%) Microsoft 365
6 280 (15.03%) GCP
7 259 (13.90%) Azure Active Directory
8 150 (8.05%) Serverless
9 125 (6.71%) AWS CloudFormation
10 93 (4.99%) Cloud Computing
11 86 (4.62%) Power Platform
12 80 (4.29%) GitHub
13 64 (3.44%) Azure Storage
14 53 (2.84%) AWS Lambda
15 52 (2.79%) Azure Key Vault
15 52 (2.79%) OneDrive
16 50 (2.68%) Azure Service Bus
17 48 (2.58%) Amazon EC2
17 48 (2.58%) Azure ExpressRoute
18 44 (2.36%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 241 (12.94%) Firewall
2 163 (8.75%) DNS
3 138 (7.41%) VPN
4 125 (6.71%) Network Security
5 108 (5.80%) WAN
6 99 (5.31%) LAN
7 93 (4.99%) DHCP
7 93 (4.99%) SAN
8 71 (3.81%) TCP/IP
9 51 (2.74%) VLAN
10 41 (2.20%) HTTP
11 35 (1.88%) MPLS
12 33 (1.77%) Wi-Fi
13 32 (1.72%) Internet
13 32 (1.72%) SSL
14 26 (1.40%) IPsec
15 25 (1.34%) VoIP
16 24 (1.29%) Skype
17 21 (1.13%) SD-WAN
18 18 (0.97%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 237 (12.72%) SQL Server
2 160 (8.59%) Big Data
3 87 (4.67%) NoSQL
4 85 (4.56%) Azure SQL Database
5 57 (3.06%) Power BI
6 55 (2.95%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 51 (2.74%) MySQL
8 49 (2.63%) Data Warehouse
8 49 (2.63%) Relational Database
9 48 (2.58%) PostgreSQL
10 46 (2.47%) Amazon RDS
11 34 (1.83%) MongoDB
12 32 (1.72%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 32 (1.72%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 31 (1.66%) RDBMS
14 28 (1.50%) Tableau
15 24 (1.29%) Hadoop
16 20 (1.07%) Data Lake
17 19 (1.02%) Redis
18 16 (0.86%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 189 (10.14%) Jenkins
2 164 (8.80%) Git (software)
3 75 (4.03%) JIRA
4 62 (3.33%) Octopus Deploy
5 61 (3.27%) GitLab
6 55 (2.95%) TeamCity
7 52 (2.79%) Bitbucket
8 51 (2.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 46 (2.47%) Visual Studio Team System
10 26 (1.40%) Maven
11 25 (1.34%) Team Foundation Server
12 23 (1.23%) Visual Studio
13 19 (1.02%) Gradle
14 11 (0.59%) Vagrant
15 10 (0.54%) gulp
16 9 (0.48%) SonarQube
17 7 (0.38%) Cucumber
18 5 (0.27%) Appium
18 5 (0.27%) JUnit
18 5 (0.27%) Mockito
General
1 396 (21.26%) Social Skills
2 271 (14.55%) Finance
3 141 (7.57%) Analytical Skills
4 102 (5.48%) Presentation Skills
5 70 (3.76%) Public Sector
6 61 (3.27%) Organisational Skills
7 44 (2.36%) Banking
7 44 (2.36%) Legal
8 41 (2.20%) Marketing
9 37 (1.99%) Law
10 33 (1.77%) Games
11 32 (1.72%) Local Government
12 30 (1.61%) Retail
13 23 (1.23%) Documentation Skills
14 20 (1.07%) Publishing
15 19 (1.02%) Back Office
15 19 (1.02%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 18 (0.97%) Influencing Skills
17 15 (0.81%) Advertising
18 14 (0.75%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 547 (29.36%) Architect
2 230 (12.35%) Cloud Engineer
3 229 (12.29%) Solutions Architect
4 213 (11.43%) Azure Engineer
5 193 (10.36%) Cloud Architect
6 184 (9.88%) DevOps Engineer
7 159 (8.53%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 129 (6.92%) Consultant
9 119 (6.39%) Azure Architect
10 91 (4.88%) Developer
11 67 (3.60%) AWS Engineer
11 67 (3.60%) Senior Architect
12 65 (3.49%) Cloud Solutions Architect
12 65 (3.49%) Platform Engineer
13 61 (3.27%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
13 61 (3.27%) Cloud Consultant
14 52 (2.79%) Azure Consultant
15 51 (2.74%) Security Engineer
16 48 (2.58%) Lead Architect
17 46 (2.47%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 174 (9.34%) .NET
2 128 (6.87%) ARM Templates
3 100 (5.37%) .NET Core
4 89 (4.78%) Web Services
5 86 (4.62%) React
6 70 (3.76%) AngularJS
6 70 (3.76%) Node.js
7 66 (3.54%) Kafka
8 50 (2.68%) CSS
9 43 (2.31%) JSON
10 41 (2.20%) RESTful
11 36 (1.93%) Ruby on Rails
12 35 (1.88%) REST
13 34 (1.83%) RabbitMQ
14 33 (1.77%) Middleware
15 32 (1.72%) OAuth
16 31 (1.66%) .NET Framework
17 30 (1.61%) HTML
17 30 (1.61%) Spring
18 28 (1.50%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 337 (18.09%) Public Cloud
2 209 (11.22%) Data Centre
3 185 (9.93%) Cloud Native
3 185 (9.93%) Hybrid Cloud
4 95 (5.10%) Private Cloud
5 70 (3.76%) User Experience
6 69 (3.70%) Management Information System
7 57 (3.06%) Virtual Team
8 49 (2.63%) Self-Motivation
9 45 (2.42%) Replication
10 37 (1.99%) Blog
10 37 (1.99%) CMDB
11 29 (1.56%) Clustering
11 29 (1.56%) Enterprise Storage
11 29 (1.56%) Legacy Systems
12 27 (1.45%) Cyberthreat
13 25 (1.34%) Greenfield Project
14 20 (1.07%) PKI
14 20 (1.07%) Robotics
15 19 (1.02%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 459 (24.64%) Windows
2 311 (16.69%) Linux
3 228 (12.24%) Windows Server
4 93 (4.99%) Unix
5 67 (3.60%) Windows Server 2019
6 56 (3.01%) Windows 10
7 47 (2.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 47 (2.52%) Windows Server 2016
8 41 (2.20%) Windows Server 2012
9 37 (1.99%) VMS
10 28 (1.50%) Apple iOS
11 20 (1.07%) Android
12 12 (0.64%) CentOS
13 11 (0.59%) Data ONTAP
14 9 (0.48%) Windows Server 2008
15 8 (0.43%) Windows 7
16 7 (0.38%) Ubuntu
17 6 (0.32%) Mesosphere
17 6 (0.32%) Windows Server 2003
18 4 (0.21%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 860 (46.16%) DevOps
2 534 (28.66%) Agile Software Development
3 335 (17.98%) Infrastructure as Code
4 313 (16.80%) Migration
5 256 (13.74%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 225 (12.08%) Presales
7 206 (11.06%) Microservices
8 176 (9.45%) Mentoring
9 162 (8.70%) ITIL
10 157 (8.43%) Analytics
11 155 (8.32%) Disaster Recovery
12 151 (8.11%) Problem-Solving
13 135 (7.25%) Cybersecurity
14 127 (6.82%) Configuration Management
15 121 (6.49%) Software Engineering
16 116 (6.23%) Information Security
17 112 (6.01%) Scrum
18 109 (5.85%) Stakeholder Management
19 108 (5.80%) Project Management
20 105 (5.64%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 435 (23.35%) PowerShell
2 360 (19.32%) Python
3 331 (17.77%) SQL
4 174 (9.34%) Bash Shell
5 143 (7.68%) Java
6 122 (6.55%) JavaScript
7 116 (6.23%) C#
8 73 (3.92%) Ruby
9 67 (3.60%) Perl
10 49 (2.63%) Go
11 47 (2.52%) T-SQL
12 39 (2.09%) PHP
13 35 (1.88%) C++
14 30 (1.61%) C
15 25 (1.34%) ES6
16 24 (1.29%) TypeScript
17 20 (1.07%) VB
18 15 (0.81%) Scala
18 15 (0.81%) Shell Script
18 15 (0.81%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 173 (9.29%) Degree
2 171 (9.18%) Security Cleared
3 139 (7.46%) SC Cleared
4 108 (5.80%) Microsoft Certification
5 46 (2.47%) Computer Science Degree
6 38 (2.04%) Cisco Certification
7 37 (1.99%) CCNA
7 37 (1.99%) MCSE
8 33 (1.77%) Oracle Certification
9 29 (1.56%) AWS Certification
10 24 (1.29%) MCSA
11 21 (1.13%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 17 (0.91%) Master's Degree
13 15 (0.81%) CISSP
13 15 (0.81%) OCP
14 12 (0.64%) ITIL Certification
15 8 (0.43%) CISM
16 7 (0.38%) VCAP
17 6 (0.32%) CCNP
17 6 (0.32%) VCDX
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (3.65%) SLA
2 50 (2.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 41 (2.20%) QA
4 28 (1.50%) GDPR
5 26 (1.40%) Data Quality
6 25 (1.34%) NIST
7 19 (1.02%) PMO
8 18 (0.97%) Cyber Essentials
9 12 (0.64%) Accessibility
10 8 (0.43%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 7 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 6 (0.32%) PCI DSS
13 5 (0.27%) ISO 22301
13 5 (0.27%) SOC 2
14 4 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 3 (0.16%) ITGC
16 2 (0.11%) COBIT
16 2 (0.11%) HIPAA
16 2 (0.11%) NCSC
17 1 (0.054%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 488 (26.19%) Active Directory
2 353 (18.95%) Docker
3 213 (11.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 103 (5.53%) Hyper-V
5 84 (4.51%) Virtual Machines
6 61 (3.27%) vSphere
7 26 (1.40%) Virtual Desktop
8 20 (1.07%) VMware NSX
9 17 (0.91%) VMware ESXi
10 7 (0.38%) XenApp
11 6 (0.32%) DFS Replication
11 6 (0.32%) vCloud
12 5 (0.27%) BitLocker
12 5 (0.27%) Microsoft App-V
12 5 (0.27%) Terminal Services
12 5 (0.27%) VMware Workstation
12 5 (0.27%) XenDesktop
13 4 (0.21%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 3 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 3 (0.16%) KVM
Systems Management
1 434 (23.30%) Terraform
2 416 (22.33%) Kubernetes
3 280 (15.03%) Ansible
4 156 (8.37%) Puppet
5 136 (7.30%) Opscode Chef
6 110 (5.90%) SCCM
7 85 (4.56%) Microsoft Intune
8 44 (2.36%) Single Sign-On
9 40 (2.15%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 39 (2.09%) Prometheus
11 37 (1.99%) Grafana
12 30 (1.61%) CFEngine
13 24 (1.29%) Packer
13 24 (1.29%) SCOM
14 20 (1.07%) vCenter Server
15 18 (0.97%) Consul
16 17 (0.91%) vRealize
17 16 (0.86%) Graphite
17 16 (0.86%) Opsview
18 12 (0.64%) WSUS
Vendors
1 789 (42.35%) Microsoft
2 289 (15.51%) VMware
3 149 (8.00%) Oracle
4 142 (7.62%) Cisco
4 142 (7.62%) Google
5 75 (4.03%) Citrix
6 65 (3.49%) IBM
7 61 (3.27%) Dell
8 58 (3.11%) NetApp
9 50 (2.68%) Veeam
10 49 (2.63%) EMC
11 46 (2.47%) Aruba
12 41 (2.20%) Palo Alto
13 36 (1.93%) Splunk
14 32 (1.72%) Red Hat
15 31 (1.66%) HP
15 31 (1.66%) ServiceNow
16 30 (1.61%) CommVault
16 30 (1.61%) Sitecore
17 27 (1.45%) SAP