Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cyber Essentials skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cyber Essentials over the 6 months to 17 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cyber Essentials
UK > England
6 months to
17 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 557 558 585
Rank change year-on-year +1 +27 +166
Permanent jobs citing Cyber Essentials 751 459 169
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.54% 0.45% 0.30%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 3.09% 3.17% 2.33%
Number of salaries quoted 473 366 139
10th Percentile £38,750 £36,250 £36,250
25th Percentile £45,750 £42,500 £45,580
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £51,518
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% +6.76% +3.04%
75th Percentile £77,500 £68,750 £68,750
90th Percentile £87,250 £77,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £60,500 £55,000 £51,518
% change year-on-year +10.00% +6.76% +4.60%

Cyber Essentials is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 24,277 14,463 7,246
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 17.31% 14.17% 12.80%
Number of salaries quoted 12,419 9,325 5,678
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £31,250
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year - - +10.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £53,380 £52,500
% change year-on-year +3.03% +1.68% +5.00%

Cyber Essentials
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cyber Essentials as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cyber Essentials in England

Cyber Essentials
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cyber Essentials in England.

Salary trend for Cyber Essentials in England

Cyber Essentials
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cyber Essentials in England over the 6 months to 17 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Cyber Essentials in England

Cyber Essentials
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cyber Essentials within the England region over the 6 months to 17 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -121 204 £64,000 +2.40% 29
East of England +86 174 £70,000 +42.86% 2
North of England +13 159 £60,000 +14.29% 16
North West -10 108 £60,000 +9.09% 10
South East -103 82 £59,750 +12.74% 20
Midlands -65 62 £57,500 - 14
South West +10 56 £53,750 -6.52% 8
Yorkshire +5 50 £60,000 +33.33% 6
West Midlands -35 34 £63,342 +16.76% 8
East Midlands -12 25 £45,000 -25.00% 6
North East -11 1 £25,000 -56.52%
Cyber Essentials
UK

For the 6 months to 17 August 2022, IT jobs citing Cyber Essentials also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cyber Essentials.

1 561 (74.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 517 (68.84%) Information Security
3 358 (47.67%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
4 341 (45.41%) Cybersecurity
4 341 (45.41%) Social Skills
5 289 (38.48%) Security Operations
6 262 (34.89%) Azure
7 249 (33.16%) Finance
8 205 (27.30%) Microsoft
9 201 (26.76%) CISSP
10 184 (24.50%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 182 (24.23%) NIST
12 180 (23.97%) Public Sector
12 180 (23.97%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 175 (23.30%) Manufacturing
14 164 (21.84%) Life Science
15 158 (21.04%) Innovative Thinking
16 154 (20.51%) Microsoft 365
17 152 (20.24%) Incident Response
18 150 (19.97%) SIEM
19 140 (18.64%) GDPR
20 137 (18.24%) PCI DSS
20 137 (18.24%) Risk Management
21 131 (17.44%) Management Information System
22 123 (16.38%) Windows
23 121 (16.11%) ITIL
23 121 (16.11%) Vulnerability Management
24 118 (15.71%) Firewall
25 117 (15.58%) Penetration Testing
26 104 (13.85%) CISM

Cyber Essentials
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (4.66%) SharePoint
2 15 (2.00%) MS Exchange
3 8 (1.07%) IIS
4 4 (0.53%) Apache Spark
5 3 (0.40%) CMS
6 2 (0.27%) Apache
7 1 (0.13%) SAS
7 1 (0.13%) Umbraco
Applications
1 32 (4.26%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.13%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.40%) Magento
2 2 (0.27%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 262 (34.89%) Azure
2 154 (20.51%) Microsoft 365
3 102 (13.58%) AWS
4 65 (8.66%) SaaS
5 48 (6.39%) Azure Sentinel
6 46 (6.13%) Mimecast
7 40 (5.33%) Azure Active Directory
8 37 (4.93%) GCP
9 36 (4.79%) PaaS
10 35 (4.66%) IaaS
11 21 (2.80%) Power Platform
12 19 (2.53%) Cloud Computing
13 13 (1.73%) Cloudflare
14 10 (1.33%) Firebase
14 10 (1.33%) GitHub
14 10 (1.33%) GitHub Actions
14 10 (1.33%) OneDrive
15 8 (1.07%) Dynamics 365
15 8 (1.07%) Google Workspace
16 5 (0.67%) Google Docs
Communications & Networking
1 118 (15.71%) Firewall
2 64 (8.52%) Intrusion Detection
3 56 (7.46%) WAN
4 43 (5.73%) LAN
5 42 (5.59%) Network Security
6 37 (4.93%) DNS
7 31 (4.13%) DHCP
7 31 (4.13%) Wireless
8 29 (3.86%) VPN
9 18 (2.40%) TCP/IP
10 17 (2.26%) SSL
10 17 (2.26%) Wireless Security
11 12 (1.60%) SAN
12 11 (1.46%) Internet
13 10 (1.33%) SD-WAN
13 10 (1.33%) WLAN
14 8 (1.07%) Wi-Fi
15 7 (0.93%) MPLS
15 7 (0.93%) SNMP
16 6 (0.80%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (4.39%) SQL Server
2 20 (2.66%) Power BI
3 6 (0.80%) Data Warehouse
4 4 (0.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 3 (0.40%) Amazon RDS
5 3 (0.40%) Big Data
5 3 (0.40%) PostgreSQL
6 2 (0.27%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
6 2 (0.27%) Elasticsearch
6 2 (0.27%) MongoDB
6 2 (0.27%) MySQL
7 1 (0.13%) Azure SQL Database
7 1 (0.13%) DTS
7 1 (0.13%) Oracle Reports
7 1 (0.13%) Relational Database
7 1 (0.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 12 (1.60%) Git (software)
2 11 (1.46%) Burp Suite
2 11 (1.46%) Log4j
3 4 (0.53%) Metasploit
4 2 (0.27%) JIRA
5 1 (0.13%) Subversion
5 1 (0.13%) Visual Studio
General
1 341 (45.41%) Social Skills
2 249 (33.16%) Finance
3 180 (23.97%) Inclusion and Diversity
3 180 (23.97%) Public Sector
4 175 (23.30%) Manufacturing
5 56 (7.46%) Analytical Skills
6 35 (4.66%) Organisational Skills
7 33 (4.39%) Legal
8 26 (3.46%) Retail
9 25 (3.33%) Marketing
10 22 (2.93%) Law
11 19 (2.53%) Banking
12 10 (1.33%) Presentation Skills
13 9 (1.20%) Military
14 8 (1.07%) Influencing Skills
15 7 (0.93%) Advertising
15 7 (0.93%) Local Government
16 6 (0.80%) Automotive
17 5 (0.67%) Documentation Skills
17 5 (0.67%) Police
Job Titles
1 258 (34.35%) Analyst
2 244 (32.49%) Security Analyst
3 201 (26.76%) Information Analyst
4 198 (26.36%) Information Security Analyst
5 100 (13.32%) Security Manager
6 52 (6.92%) Head of Security
7 45 (5.99%) Information Manager
7 45 (5.99%) IT Engineer
8 43 (5.73%) Information Security Manager
9 42 (5.59%) Security Engineer
10 40 (5.33%) Consultant
11 34 (4.53%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 32 (4.26%) IT Manager
13 25 (3.33%) Head of Information
13 25 (3.33%) Head of Information Security
14 24 (3.20%) IT Support
14 24 (3.20%) Security Consultant
15 23 (3.06%) Support Engineer
16 22 (2.93%) Architect
17 21 (2.80%) IT Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6 (0.80%) SAML
2 4 (0.53%) .NET
2 4 (0.53%) REST
2 4 (0.53%) Web Services
3 3 (0.40%) ASP.NET
3 3 (0.40%) ASP.NET MVC
3 3 (0.40%) ModSecurity
3 3 (0.40%) OAuth
3 3 (0.40%) OpenID
3 3 (0.40%) SOAP
4 2 (0.27%) .NET Framework
4 2 (0.27%) Entity Framework
4 2 (0.27%) LAMP
4 2 (0.27%) Microsoft Graph
4 2 (0.27%) React
5 1 (0.13%) HTML5
5 1 (0.13%) jQuery
5 1 (0.13%) RESTful
5 1 (0.13%) WCF
5 1 (0.13%) WinForms
Miscellaneous
1 164 (21.84%) Life Science
2 131 (17.44%) Management Information System
3 45 (5.99%) Data Centre
4 38 (5.06%) Security Operations Centre
5 34 (4.53%) Cyberthreat
6 25 (3.33%) NHS
7 22 (2.93%) Data Protection Act
8 19 (2.53%) Mobile App
9 17 (2.26%) Self-Motivation
10 15 (2.00%) IoT
11 13 (1.73%) Cloud Native
11 13 (1.73%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 12 (1.60%) Enterprise Cloud
12 12 (1.60%) Virtual Team
13 9 (1.20%) Cyberattack
13 9 (1.20%) Replication
14 8 (1.07%) Blockchain
14 8 (1.07%) Clustering
15 7 (0.93%) Driving Licence
16 6 (0.80%) Cyber Defence
Operating Systems
1 123 (16.38%) Windows
2 60 (7.99%) Windows Server
3 41 (5.46%) Linux
4 27 (3.60%) Windows 10
5 24 (3.20%) Windows Server 2019
6 11 (1.46%) Windows Server 2012
7 8 (1.07%) Windows Server 2008
8 7 (0.93%) Mac OS
9 6 (0.80%) Android
9 6 (0.80%) Windows Server 2016
10 5 (0.67%) Unix
11 4 (0.53%) Kali Linux
12 3 (0.40%) Apple iOS
13 2 (0.27%) Amazon Linux
13 2 (0.27%) Ubuntu
14 1 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 1 (0.13%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 517 (68.84%) Information Security
2 341 (45.41%) Cybersecurity
3 289 (38.48%) Security Operations
4 158 (21.04%) Innovative Thinking
5 152 (20.24%) Incident Response
6 150 (19.97%) SIEM
7 137 (18.24%) Risk Management
8 121 (16.11%) ITIL
8 121 (16.11%) Vulnerability Management
9 117 (15.58%) Penetration Testing
10 99 (13.18%) Data Protection
11 94 (12.52%) Problem-Solving
12 91 (12.12%) OWASP
13 83 (11.05%) Project Management
14 80 (10.65%) Incident Management
15 74 (9.85%) MITRE ATT&CK
16 71 (9.45%) DevOps
17 68 (9.05%) Business Continuity
18 66 (8.79%) Facilities Management
19 65 (8.66%) Disaster Recovery
Programming Languages
1 50 (6.66%) Python
2 46 (6.13%) PowerShell
3 28 (3.73%) Bash
4 26 (3.46%) SQL
5 14 (1.86%) C
6 11 (1.46%) Shell Script
7 6 (0.80%) C#
8 5 (0.67%) Google Apps Script
9 4 (0.53%) T-SQL
10 2 (0.27%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
10 2 (0.27%) JavaScript
10 2 (0.27%) R
11 1 (0.13%) Bicep
11 1 (0.13%) COBOL
11 1 (0.13%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 201 (26.76%) CISSP
2 104 (13.85%) CISM
3 71 (9.45%) Degree
4 50 (6.66%) Security Cleared
5 47 (6.26%) SSCP
6 45 (5.99%) GCIH
7 34 (4.53%) CISMP
8 32 (4.26%) CISA
9 30 (3.99%) Microsoft Certification
10 28 (3.73%) CEH
11 25 (3.33%) CompTIA Security+
12 17 (2.26%) AWS Certification
12 17 (2.26%) GCIA
13 16 (2.13%) Cisco Certification
13 16 (2.13%) Computer Science Degree
14 15 (2.00%) AWS Certified Solutions Architect
14 15 (2.00%) AWS Certified SysOps Administrator
15 14 (1.86%) DBS Check
15 14 (1.86%) SANS
15 14 (1.86%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 561 (74.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 358 (47.67%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
3 184 (24.50%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 182 (24.23%) NIST
5 140 (18.64%) GDPR
6 137 (18.24%) PCI DSS
7 72 (9.59%) GRC
8 30 (3.99%) NCSC
9 17 (2.26%) ISO 9001
10 13 (1.73%) SOC 2
11 12 (1.60%) COBIT
12 9 (1.20%) IASME
12 9 (1.20%) QA
12 9 (1.20%) SLA
13 8 (1.07%) HIPAA
14 6 (0.80%) NIST 800
15 4 (0.53%) ISO 13485
15 4 (0.53%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 3 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27005
16 3 (0.40%) JSP 440
System Software
1 84 (11.19%) Active Directory
2 45 (5.99%) VMware Infrastructure
3 30 (3.99%) Hyper-V
4 9 (1.20%) Virtual Servers
5 6 (0.80%) Snort
6 5 (0.67%) VMware ESXi
6 5 (0.67%) vSphere
7 4 (0.53%) BitLocker
8 3 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.13%) Docker
9 1 (0.13%) iptables
9 1 (0.13%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.13%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 60 (7.99%) Microsoft Intune
2 51 (6.79%) Nessus
3 28 (3.73%) SCCM
4 26 (3.46%) Kubernetes
5 17 (2.26%) WSUS
6 16 (2.13%) QRadar
7 13 (1.73%) Terraform
8 11 (1.46%) FortiGate
8 11 (1.46%) Single Sign-On
8 11 (1.46%) Trend Micro Deep Security
9 10 (1.33%) CSIRT
9 10 (1.33%) Jamf Pro
9 10 (1.33%) Kustomize
10 7 (0.93%) SCVMM
11 6 (0.80%) Nmap
12 5 (0.67%) vCenter Server
13 4 (0.53%) Norton AntiVirus
14 3 (0.40%) Host Intrusion Detection System
15 2 (0.27%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
15 2 (0.27%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 205 (27.30%) Microsoft
2 57 (7.59%) VMware
3 42 (5.59%) Splunk
4 39 (5.19%) CrowdStrike
5 37 (4.93%) Veeam
6 27 (3.60%) IBM
7 26 (3.46%) Sophos
8 25 (3.33%) Cisco
9 24 (3.20%) Google
10 22 (2.93%) Qualys
11 17 (2.26%) Rapid7
12 16 (2.13%) Zscaler
13 15 (2.00%) Okta
14 14 (1.86%) arcserve
15 13 (1.73%) Fortinet
15 13 (1.73%) McAfee
16 11 (1.46%) Apple
16 11 (1.46%) Citrix
16 11 (1.46%) Forcepoint
16 11 (1.46%) SolarWinds