Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Internet
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 238 184 199
Rank change year-on-year -54 +15 -12
Permanent jobs citing Internet 1,446 1,216 2,485
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.44% 1.87% 1.86%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 11.06% 12.13% 11.81%
Number of salaries quoted 889 1,003 1,837
10th Percentile £28,150 £27,533 £25,000
25th Percentile £36,250 £37,500 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £52,500 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year -4.76% +16.67% -10.00%
75th Percentile £67,500 £70,500 £60,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £83,750 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year -4.76% +16.67% -10.00%

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 13,073 10,021 21,050
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 13.04% 15.37% 15.74%
Number of salaries quoted 9,192 8,091 16,159
10th Percentile £28,000 £28,500 £26,000
25th Percentile £37,000 £36,250 £33,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £46,000
Median % change year-on-year - +8.70% -3.16%
75th Percentile £67,500 £66,875 £62,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -4.26%

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Internet as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in England

Internet
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Internet in England.

Salary trend for Internet in England

Internet
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Internet in England over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Internet in England

Internet
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the England region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -89 563 £57,500 -8.00% 126
South West -1 223 £45,000 -16.08% 51
North of England -17 214 £43,000 -9.47% 85
South East -50 207 £47,500 -5.00% 77
Yorkshire -24 101 £43,000 -4.44% 25
Midlands -85 101 £37,500 -7.86% 55
North West -32 92 £48,725 -2.55% 48
East of England -32 79 £37,500 -11.76% 29
West Midlands -82 61 £40,250 -5.29% 35
East Midlands -42 40 £31,500 -16.00% 20
North East +3 25 £45,000 +5.88% 12
Internet
UK

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Internet.

1 501 (34.65%) Social Skills
2 406 (28.08%) Agile Software Development
3 320 (22.13%) JavaScript
4 296 (20.47%) AWS
5 284 (19.64%) Microsoft
6 266 (18.40%) Azure
7 246 (17.01%) Firewall
8 243 (16.80%) Software Engineering
9 242 (16.74%) Windows
10 241 (16.67%) Degree
11 238 (16.46%) Docker
12 235 (16.25%) Problem-Solving
13 216 (14.94%) Linux
14 213 (14.73%) Java
15 208 (14.38%) Python
16 202 (13.97%) HTML
16 202 (13.97%) Internet of Things
17 173 (11.96%) Kubernetes
17 173 (11.96%) Cisco
18 169 (11.69%) SQL
19 167 (11.55%) DevOps
20 166 (11.48%) DNS
21 165 (11.41%) Computer Science
22 164 (11.34%) CSS
23 157 (10.86%) Mentoring
24 142 (9.82%) Microsoft 365
24 142 (9.82%) Finance
24 142 (9.82%) Google
25 141 (9.75%) Oracle
25 141 (9.75%) Active Directory

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (3.67%) IIS
2 48 (3.32%) Apache
3 43 (2.97%) nginx
4 41 (2.84%) Tomcat
5 38 (2.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 34 (2.35%) SharePoint
7 32 (2.21%) MS Exchange
8 31 (2.14%) WordPress
9 30 (2.07%) Elasticsearch
10 27 (1.87%) Apache Spark
11 25 (1.73%) Confluence
12 15 (1.04%) CMS
13 13 (0.90%) OpenStack
14 12 (0.83%) ejabberd
15 6 (0.41%) Skype for Business
15 6 (0.41%) WebLogic
16 4 (0.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 4 (0.28%) JBoss
16 4 (0.28%) Tornado
17 3 (0.21%) Exchange Server 2010
Applications
1 91 (6.29%) Microsoft Office
2 38 (2.63%) Microsoft Excel
3 26 (1.80%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 14 (0.97%) Figma
5 8 (0.55%) MS Visio
6 7 (0.48%) Photoshop
7 5 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
8 4 (0.28%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.28%) Sketch
9 3 (0.21%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 2 (0.14%) InDesign
10 2 (0.14%) OmniGraffle
11 1 (0.069%) Acrobat
11 1 (0.069%) Adobe After Effects
11 1 (0.069%) Adobe Premiere
11 1 (0.069%) EngageOne
11 1 (0.069%) Final Cut Pro
11 1 (0.069%) InVision
11 1 (0.069%) PrintSoft PReS
11 1 (0.069%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 19 (1.31%) Magento
2 6 (0.41%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 5 (0.35%) Sage 200
4 4 (0.28%) Maximo
5 3 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
5 3 (0.21%) Relativity
6 2 (0.14%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
6 2 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.069%) Dynamics GP
7 1 (0.069%) MFGPRO
7 1 (0.069%) Oracle CRM
7 1 (0.069%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.069%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.069%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.069%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.069%) PlanetPress Connect
7 1 (0.069%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.069%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 296 (20.47%) AWS
2 266 (18.40%) Azure
3 142 (9.82%) Microsoft 365
4 104 (7.19%) GCP
5 81 (5.60%) SaaS
6 73 (5.05%) Cloud Computing
7 56 (3.87%) IaaS
8 41 (2.84%) GitHub
9 33 (2.28%) Azure Active Directory
10 32 (2.21%) PaaS
11 29 (2.01%) Amazon S3
12 23 (1.59%) Amazon EC2
12 23 (1.59%) Serverless
13 22 (1.52%) npm
14 19 (1.31%) AWS Lambda
15 18 (1.24%) Amazon SQS
16 16 (1.11%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 15 (1.04%) Akamai
17 15 (1.04%) Power Platform
18 13 (0.90%) Google Workspace
Communications & Networking
1 246 (17.01%) Firewall
2 166 (11.48%) DNS
3 133 (9.20%) LAN
4 128 (8.85%) VPN
5 123 (8.51%) WAN
6 116 (8.02%) Wireless
7 115 (7.95%) TCP/IP
8 110 (7.61%) MPLS
9 97 (6.71%) Wi-Fi
10 84 (5.81%) DHCP
11 82 (5.67%) BGP
12 75 (5.19%) HTTP
13 67 (4.63%) VLAN
14 62 (4.29%) Network Security
15 61 (4.22%) Ethernet
16 52 (3.60%) Intranet
16 52 (3.60%) OSPF
17 44 (3.04%) IPv6
17 44 (3.04%) SAN
17 44 (3.04%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 114 (7.88%) SQL Server
2 108 (7.47%) MySQL
3 94 (6.50%) Big Data
4 64 (4.43%) Relational Database
5 44 (3.04%) PostgreSQL
6 36 (2.49%) NoSQL
7 28 (1.94%) Amazon RDS
7 28 (1.94%) Hadoop
8 27 (1.87%) Apache Cassandra
9 26 (1.80%) Oracle Database
10 25 (1.73%) Redis
11 21 (1.45%) MongoDB
12 17 (1.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 16 (1.11%) Data Warehouse
14 15 (1.04%) Blockchain
15 12 (0.83%) HBase
15 12 (0.83%) Metadata
16 11 (0.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 11 (0.76%) Oracle Reports
17 10 (0.69%) Oracle Exadata
Development Applications
1 126 (8.71%) Git (software)
2 77 (5.33%) Jenkins
3 71 (4.91%) JIRA
4 29 (2.01%) PHPUnit
5 19 (1.31%) Maven
6 16 (1.11%) Selenium
7 15 (1.04%) Bitbucket
8 14 (0.97%) Visual Studio
9 13 (0.90%) TeamCity
10 12 (0.83%) webpack
11 11 (0.76%) Cypress.io
11 11 (0.76%) fastlane
11 11 (0.76%) NUnit
12 8 (0.55%) IBM UrbanCode
13 7 (0.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 7 (0.48%) VSS/SourceSafe
14 6 (0.41%) Android Studio
14 6 (0.41%) WinDbg
14 6 (0.41%) Xcode
15 5 (0.35%) GitLab
General
1 501 (34.65%) Social Skills
2 142 (9.82%) Finance
3 121 (8.37%) Marketing
4 120 (8.30%) Analytical Skills
5 83 (5.74%) Retail
6 77 (5.33%) Telecoms
7 68 (4.70%) Banking
8 50 (3.46%) Public Sector
9 45 (3.11%) Advertising
9 45 (3.11%) Games
10 41 (2.84%) Organisational Skills
11 37 (2.56%) Electronics
12 34 (2.35%) Legal
13 31 (2.14%) Public Speaking
14 26 (1.80%) Local Government
15 25 (1.73%) Influencing Skills
15 25 (1.73%) Law
15 25 (1.73%) Manufacturing
16 24 (1.66%) Automotive
17 22 (1.52%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 316 (21.85%) Developer
2 105 (7.26%) Network Engineer
3 91 (6.29%) Software Engineer
4 79 (5.46%) Analyst
5 75 (5.19%) Senior Developer
6 68 (4.70%) Cloud Engineer
7 61 (4.22%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 58 (4.01%) Architect
9 53 (3.67%) Consultant
10 52 (3.60%) Support Engineer
11 51 (3.53%) Cloud Developer
12 48 (3.32%) Support Technician
13 44 (3.04%) DevOps Engineer
13 44 (3.04%) IT Support
14 43 (2.97%) Systems Engineer
15 41 (2.84%) IT Engineer
15 41 (2.84%) Security Engineer
16 39 (2.70%) Java Developer
16 39 (2.70%) Junior
16 39 (2.70%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 202 (13.97%) HTML
2 164 (11.34%) CSS
3 140 (9.68%) Web Services
4 128 (8.85%) React
5 124 (8.58%) RESTful
6 96 (6.64%) Node.js
7 87 (6.02%) REST
8 81 (5.60%) .NET
9 60 (4.15%) JSON
10 57 (3.94%) SOAP
11 53 (3.67%) Spring
12 49 (3.39%) Vue.js
13 47 (3.25%) Kafka
13 47 (3.25%) Laravel
14 42 (2.90%) AngularJS
14 42 (2.90%) Elastic Stack
15 37 (2.56%) Sass
15 37 (2.56%) XML
16 36 (2.49%) 802.1X
16 36 (2.49%) Symfony
Miscellaneous
1 202 (13.97%) Internet of Things
2 136 (9.41%) Data Centre
3 130 (8.99%) User Experience
4 109 (7.54%) Self-Motivation
5 70 (4.84%) Algorithms
6 67 (4.63%) Management Information System
7 65 (4.50%) Driving Licence
8 56 (3.87%) Social Media
9 52 (3.60%) Mobile App
10 51 (3.53%) Public Cloud
11 47 (3.25%) Data Structures
11 47 (3.25%) Virtual Team
12 44 (3.04%) Smart Home
13 40 (2.77%) Online Banking
14 39 (2.70%) Enterprise Software
15 34 (2.35%) Home Automation
16 23 (1.59%) Video\Live Streaming
17 21 (1.45%) Video Conferencing
18 20 (1.38%) Music Streaming
18 20 (1.38%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 242 (16.74%) Windows
2 216 (14.94%) Linux
3 96 (6.64%) Android
4 87 (6.02%) Windows Server
5 72 (4.98%) Windows 10
6 65 (4.50%) Apple iOS
7 55 (3.80%) Unix
8 40 (2.77%) Windows Server 2012
9 34 (2.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 33 (2.28%) Windows Server 2019
11 31 (2.14%) Windows Server 2016
12 30 (2.07%) Windows 7
13 29 (2.01%) Windows Server 2008
14 23 (1.59%) Debian
15 22 (1.52%) Embedded Linux
16 14 (0.97%) Fedora
17 12 (0.83%) CentOS
17 12 (0.83%) Mac OS X
18 10 (0.69%) Windows 8
19 4 (0.28%) Alpine Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 406 (28.08%) Agile Software Development
2 243 (16.80%) Software Engineering
3 235 (16.25%) Problem-Solving
4 167 (11.55%) DevOps
5 165 (11.41%) Computer Science
6 157 (10.86%) Mentoring
7 125 (8.64%) Analytics
8 121 (8.37%) Cybersecurity
9 118 (8.16%) Coaching
10 117 (8.09%) Project Management
11 111 (7.68%) Microservices
12 110 (7.61%) Scrum
13 109 (7.54%) OO
14 102 (7.05%) ITIL
15 94 (6.50%) Open Source
16 89 (6.15%) Test Automation
17 80 (5.53%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 79 (5.46%) Continuous Improvement
19 76 (5.26%) SIEM
20 73 (5.05%) Load Balancing
Programming Languages
1 320 (22.13%) JavaScript
2 213 (14.73%) Java
3 208 (14.38%) Python
4 169 (11.69%) SQL
5 114 (7.88%) C#
6 105 (7.26%) PHP
6 105 (7.26%) TypeScript
7 97 (6.71%) PowerShell
8 81 (5.60%) C
9 75 (5.19%) C++
10 61 (4.22%) Go
11 47 (3.25%) ES6
12 46 (3.18%) Perl
13 40 (2.77%) Ruby
14 37 (2.56%) Bash Shell
15 36 (2.49%) Shell Script
16 24 (1.66%) Rust
17 15 (1.04%) ES7
18 14 (0.97%) R
19 13 (0.90%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 241 (16.67%) Degree
2 104 (7.19%) Security Cleared
3 87 (6.02%) Computer Science Degree
4 76 (5.26%) Cisco Certification
5 60 (4.15%) SC Cleared
6 52 (3.60%) CCNP
7 50 (3.46%) Master's Degree
8 42 (2.90%) CCNA
9 30 (2.07%) Microsoft Certification
10 28 (1.94%) CISSP
11 18 (1.24%) DV Cleared
12 16 (1.11%) JNCIA
12 16 (1.11%) SANS
13 14 (0.97%) CISM
13 14 (0.97%) DBS Check
13 14 (0.97%) MCSA
14 13 (0.90%) MCSE
14 13 (0.90%) PhD
15 12 (0.83%) CCIE
15 12 (0.83%) JNCIS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 73 (5.05%) QA
2 35 (2.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 26 (1.80%) SLA
4 24 (1.66%) GDPR
5 17 (1.18%) Accessibility
6 9 (0.62%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.55%) Data Quality
7 8 (0.55%) GRC
7 8 (0.55%) PMO
8 7 (0.48%) NCSC
9 6 (0.41%) NIST
10 5 (0.35%) HAZOP
10 5 (0.35%) IEC 61508
10 5 (0.35%) IFRS
10 5 (0.35%) ISO 26262
10 5 (0.35%) Solvency II
11 4 (0.28%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 4 (0.28%) WCAG
12 3 (0.21%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 3 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 238 (16.46%) Docker
2 141 (9.75%) Active Directory
3 91 (6.29%) VMware Infrastructure
4 50 (3.46%) Hyper-V
5 38 (2.63%) Firmware
5 38 (2.63%) KVM
6 20 (1.38%) iptables
7 18 (1.24%) QEMU
8 17 (1.18%) Kamailio
9 14 (0.97%) Postfix
10 10 (0.69%) Oracle RAC
11 8 (0.55%) vSphere
11 8 (0.55%) XenDesktop
12 7 (0.48%) HDFS
12 7 (0.48%) Terminal Services
13 5 (0.35%) OpenSIPS
13 5 (0.35%) Varnish
13 5 (0.35%) Virtual Servers
13 5 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
14 4 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 173 (11.96%) Kubernetes
2 59 (4.08%) Ansible
3 54 (3.73%) Puppet
4 47 (3.25%) Terraform
5 41 (2.84%) Opscode Chef
6 29 (2.01%) ZABBIX
7 24 (1.66%) SCCM
8 20 (1.38%) Microsoft Intune
9 19 (1.31%) HAProxy
10 18 (1.24%) Galera Cluster
11 17 (1.18%) CFEngine
11 17 (1.18%) Demisto
12 14 (0.97%) Grafana
13 13 (0.90%) Prometheus
14 10 (0.69%) Data Guard
14 10 (0.69%) FortiGate
14 10 (0.69%) Oracle RMAN
15 8 (0.55%) Kibana
15 8 (0.55%) logstash
15 8 (0.55%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 284 (19.64%) Microsoft
2 173 (11.96%) Cisco
3 142 (9.82%) Google
4 141 (9.75%) Oracle
5 125 (8.64%) VMware
6 76 (5.26%) Juniper
7 63 (4.36%) Apple
8 57 (3.94%) Splunk
9 52 (3.60%) Citrix
10 45 (3.11%) Palo Alto
11 40 (2.77%) HP
12 37 (2.56%) Facebook
12 37 (2.56%) ServiceNow
13 31 (2.14%) PagerDuty
14 29 (2.01%) CheckPoint
15 28 (1.94%) Veeam
16 23 (1.59%) Meraki
17 22 (1.52%) Fortinet
17 22 (1.52%) Mitel
18 21 (1.45%) SolarWinds