Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 812 645 809
Rank change year-on-year -167 +164 -73
Permanent jobs citing SANS 176 155 314
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.16% 0.22% 0.22%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.73% 1.00% 0.90%
Number of salaries quoted 141 113 258
10th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £41,250
25th Percentile £55,000 £45,000 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £55,000 £62,332
Median % change year-on-year +27.27% -11.76% +8.40%
75th Percentile £85,000 £73,750 £82,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £96,625
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year - +9.09% -

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 24,228 15,555 34,998
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.41% 21.97% 24.20%
Number of salaries quoted 14,045 11,665 25,760
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £26,499
25th Percentile £41,250 £37,750 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £66,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SANS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SANS.

Salary trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SANS over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Salary histogram for SANS in the UK

SANS
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the UK over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -150 155 £70,000 +27.27% 22
London -108 82 £85,000 +61.90% 11
UK excluding London -114 77 £60,000 - 14
Work from Home -247 27 £87,500 +94.44% 6
South East -63 22 £67,500 +8.00% 3
South West -47 17 £42,500 -15.00% 3
North of England -71 13 £70,000 +29.63% 2
Midlands -69 12 £52,500 -14.63% 3
West Midlands -60 8 £85,000 +38.21% 3
East of England -42 7 £55,000 -15.38%
Scotland -56 6 £38,000 +8.57%
North West -44 5 £70,000 +55.56% 1
North East - 5 £60,000 -
East Midlands - 4 £52,500 -
Yorkshire -62 3 £70,000 +14.75% 1

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SANS.

1 109 (61.93%) CISSP
2 97 (55.11%) Cybersecurity
3 72 (40.91%) Information Security
4 63 (35.80%) Social Skills
5 46 (26.14%) GIAC
5 46 (26.14%) CISM
5 46 (26.14%) SIEM
6 45 (25.57%) Firewall
7 43 (24.43%) Security Operations
8 41 (23.30%) AWS
9 39 (22.16%) Agile Software Development
10 38 (21.59%) OWASP
11 37 (21.02%) Linux
11 37 (21.02%) Vulnerability Management
11 37 (21.02%) CompTIA Security+
12 36 (20.45%) NIST
13 35 (19.89%) Test Automation
14 34 (19.32%) Finance
14 34 (19.32%) Security Architecture
15 33 (18.75%) QA
16 31 (17.61%) Java
16 31 (17.61%) JavaScript
16 31 (17.61%) Microsoft
16 31 (17.61%) Security Monitoring
17 29 (16.48%) Penetration Testing
18 28 (15.91%) Computer Science
18 28 (15.91%) Git (software)
18 28 (15.91%) Python
18 28 (15.91%) Azure
18 28 (15.91%) Docker

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (3.41%) Apache Spark
2 2 (1.14%) Confluence
Applications
1 25 (14.20%) InVision
1 25 (14.20%) Sketch
2 6 (3.41%) Gephi
3 5 (2.84%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (2.84%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (2.84%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 4 (2.27%) NetSuite
2 1 (0.57%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 41 (23.30%) AWS
2 28 (15.91%) Azure
3 10 (5.68%) Microsoft 365
4 6 (3.41%) Cloud Computing
4 6 (3.41%) GCP
4 6 (3.41%) Google Workspace
5 5 (2.84%) Akamai
5 5 (2.84%) SaaS
5 5 (2.84%) Serverless
6 4 (2.27%) Azure Active Directory
6 4 (2.27%) Azure Sentinel
6 4 (2.27%) Dynamics 365
7 3 (1.70%) Sumo Logic
8 2 (1.14%) Power Platform
9 1 (0.57%) Amazon EKS
9 1 (0.57%) Amazon GuardDuty
9 1 (0.57%) IaaS
9 1 (0.57%) OpenShift
9 1 (0.57%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 45 (25.57%) Firewall
2 21 (11.93%) VPN
3 16 (9.09%) DNS
3 16 (9.09%) Internet
4 15 (8.52%) SAN
5 13 (7.39%) HTTP
5 13 (7.39%) Intrusion Detection
6 6 (3.41%) Ethernet
6 6 (3.41%) MPLS
6 6 (3.41%) SSL
7 5 (2.84%) 802.11
7 5 (2.84%) Network Security
7 5 (2.84%) SNMP
8 4 (2.27%) DHCP
8 4 (2.27%) IPsec
9 3 (1.70%) TCP/IP
10 2 (1.14%) CHAP
11 1 (0.57%) HTTPS
11 1 (0.57%) OSPF
11 1 (0.57%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9 (5.11%) Big Data
2 6 (3.41%) Apache Hive
2 6 (3.41%) Impala
3 2 (1.14%) Blockchain
3 2 (1.14%) DB2
3 2 (1.14%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 28 (15.91%) Git (software)
2 25 (14.20%) Cypress.io
2 25 (14.20%) PostCSS
2 25 (14.20%) Selenium
3 8 (4.55%) JIRA
4 7 (3.98%) Burp Suite
5 6 (3.41%) Bitbucket
5 6 (3.41%) Bitbucket Server
5 6 (3.41%) git-flow
5 6 (3.41%) Metasploit
6 1 (0.57%) IDA Disassembler
General
1 63 (35.80%) Social Skills
2 34 (19.32%) Finance
3 27 (15.34%) Analytical Skills
4 15 (8.52%) Legal
5 11 (6.25%) Presentation Skills
6 8 (4.55%) French Language
7 7 (3.98%) Banking
8 6 (3.41%) Games
8 6 (3.41%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 5 (2.84%) Public Speaking
10 4 (2.27%) Law
10 4 (2.27%) Organisational Skills
11 3 (1.70%) Manufacturing
12 2 (1.14%) Financial Institution
13 1 (0.57%) Automotive
13 1 (0.57%) Influencing Skills
13 1 (0.57%) Marketing
13 1 (0.57%) Public Sector
13 1 (0.57%) Retail
13 1 (0.57%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 36 (20.45%) Analyst
2 30 (17.05%) Security Engineer
3 25 (14.20%) Developer
3 25 (14.20%) React Developer
4 18 (10.23%) Architect
4 18 (10.23%) Security Analyst
5 13 (7.39%) Full Stack Developer
5 13 (7.39%) IT Engineer
5 13 (7.39%) IT Security Engineer
5 13 (7.39%) Security Architect
5 13 (7.39%) SOC Analyst
6 12 (6.82%) Consultant
6 12 (6.82%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 12 (6.82%) Java Developer
7 11 (6.25%) Senior Developer
7 11 (6.25%) Senior React Developer
8 10 (5.68%) Operations Analyst
8 10 (5.68%) Penetration Tester
8 10 (5.68%) Security Operations Analyst
8 10 (5.68%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 26 (14.77%) CSS
1 26 (14.77%) CSS3
1 26 (14.77%) HTML
1 26 (14.77%) HTML5
1 26 (14.77%) React
2 25 (14.20%) GraphQL
2 25 (14.20%) Puppeteer
2 25 (14.20%) Sass
2 25 (14.20%) Spring
2 25 (14.20%) Spring Boot
2 25 (14.20%) Twitter Bootstrap
2 25 (14.20%) Web Components
3 10 (5.68%) Node.js
4 6 (3.41%) Elastic Stack
4 6 (3.41%) Kafka
5 5 (2.84%) 802.1X
5 5 (2.84%) AngularJS
6 3 (1.70%) SailPoint
7 2 (1.14%) Middleware
7 2 (1.14%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 26 (14.77%) User Experience
2 20 (11.36%) Cyberthreat
3 16 (9.09%) Cyber Kill Chain
4 14 (7.95%) Self-Motivation
5 12 (6.82%) Management Information System
5 12 (6.82%) Virtual Team
6 11 (6.25%) Analytical Mindset
7 8 (4.55%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 7 (3.98%) Cyber Defence
9 5 (2.84%) Anti-Piracy
9 5 (2.84%) SCADA
10 4 (2.27%) Blog
10 4 (2.27%) Life Science
10 4 (2.27%) PKI
10 4 (2.27%) Public Cloud
11 3 (1.70%) Security Operations Centre
12 2 (1.14%) Cyberattack
12 2 (1.14%) Enterprise Storage
13 1 (0.57%) Cloud Native
13 1 (0.57%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 37 (21.02%) Linux
2 27 (15.34%) Windows
3 12 (6.82%) Mac OS
4 8 (4.55%) Unix
5 7 (3.98%) Kali Linux
6 3 (1.70%) Mac OS X
6 3 (1.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (1.70%) Windows 10
6 3 (1.70%) Windows Server
6 3 (1.70%) Windows Server 2012
7 2 (1.14%) AIX
7 2 (1.14%) CentOS
7 2 (1.14%) Fedora
7 2 (1.14%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.57%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 97 (55.11%) Cybersecurity
2 72 (40.91%) Information Security
3 46 (26.14%) SIEM
4 43 (24.43%) Security Operations
5 39 (22.16%) Agile Software Development
6 38 (21.59%) OWASP
7 37 (21.02%) Vulnerability Management
8 35 (19.89%) Test Automation
9 34 (19.32%) Security Architecture
10 31 (17.61%) Security Monitoring
11 29 (16.48%) Penetration Testing
12 28 (15.91%) Computer Science
12 28 (15.91%) DevOps
13 26 (14.77%) Continuous Delivery
13 26 (14.77%) Continuous Integration
14 25 (14.20%) Microservices
15 24 (13.64%) Problem-Solving
16 23 (13.07%) SABSA
16 23 (13.07%) TDD
17 22 (12.50%) TOGAF
Programming Languages
1 31 (17.61%) Java
1 31 (17.61%) JavaScript
2 28 (15.91%) Python
3 26 (14.77%) ES6
3 26 (14.77%) ES7
4 25 (14.20%) Java 11
4 25 (14.20%) Kotlin
4 25 (14.20%) Scala
4 25 (14.20%) TypeScript
5 14 (7.95%) Bash Shell
6 13 (7.39%) C
7 12 (6.82%) Go
8 8 (4.55%) PowerShell
9 7 (3.98%) Perl
10 6 (3.41%) R
10 6 (3.41%) Ruby
11 5 (2.84%) C#
11 5 (2.84%) Lua
12 2 (1.14%) SQL
13 1 (0.57%) C++
Qualifications
1 109 (61.93%) CISSP
2 46 (26.14%) CISM
2 46 (26.14%) GIAC
3 37 (21.02%) CompTIA Security+
4 27 (15.34%) CISA
5 26 (14.77%) CEH
6 25 (14.20%) Security Cleared
7 23 (13.07%) Degree
8 15 (8.52%) DV Cleared
9 14 (7.95%) CREST Certified
9 14 (7.95%) OSCP
10 13 (7.39%) CRISC
10 13 (7.39%) Microsoft Certification
11 12 (6.82%) SC Cleared
12 11 (6.25%) Network+ Certification
13 10 (5.68%) Cisco Certification
14 9 (5.11%) CCNA
14 9 (5.11%) Computer Science Degree
14 9 (5.11%) GXPN
15 8 (4.55%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (20.45%) NIST
2 33 (18.75%) QA
3 25 (14.20%) WCAG
4 19 (10.80%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 17 (9.66%) GDPR
6 14 (7.95%) PCI DSS
7 11 (6.25%) NCSC
8 6 (3.41%) COBIT
9 5 (2.84%) Government Security Classifications
9 5 (2.84%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 5 (2.84%) ISO/IEC 27005
9 5 (2.84%) JSP 440
9 5 (2.84%) NIST 800
9 5 (2.84%) PA-DSS
9 5 (2.84%) RMADS
10 2 (1.14%) Cyber Essentials
11 1 (0.57%) Actionable Recommendations
11 1 (0.57%) GLBA
11 1 (0.57%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 28 (15.91%) Docker
2 10 (5.68%) Active Directory
3 6 (3.41%) Apache Flume
4 2 (1.14%) NFS
4 2 (1.14%) Samba
4 2 (1.14%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (1.14%) VirtualBox
4 2 (1.14%) VMware ESXi
4 2 (1.14%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (1.14%) Xen
Systems Management
1 25 (14.20%) Kubernetes
2 14 (7.95%) Kibana
3 9 (5.11%) QRadar
4 7 (3.98%) CSIRT
5 6 (3.41%) Nessus
5 6 (3.41%) Nmap
5 6 (3.41%) Oozie
6 4 (2.27%) Computer Incident Response Team
6 4 (2.27%) Terraform
7 3 (1.70%) Active Directory Federation Services
8 2 (1.14%) Ansible
8 2 (1.14%) Docker Swarm
8 2 (1.14%) Nagios
8 2 (1.14%) OpenNMS
8 2 (1.14%) Puppet
8 2 (1.14%) vCenter Server
8 2 (1.14%) ZABBIX
9 1 (0.57%) EnCase
9 1 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 31 (17.61%) Microsoft
2 21 (11.93%) Splunk
3 7 (3.98%) Google
4 6 (3.41%) BT
5 5 (2.84%) Cisco
6 4 (2.27%) JD Edwards
7 3 (1.70%) Carbon Black
7 3 (1.70%) Citrix
7 3 (1.70%) CyberArk
7 3 (1.70%) ForgeRock
7 3 (1.70%) LogRhythm
7 3 (1.70%) Red Hat
8 2 (1.14%) AlienVault
8 2 (1.14%) Cloudera
8 2 (1.14%) Dell
8 2 (1.14%) EMC
8 2 (1.14%) Hortonworks
8 2 (1.14%) NetApp
8 2 (1.14%) Okta
8 2 (1.14%) VMware