Period
to 17 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 17 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 851 670 914
Rank change year-on-year -181 +244 -123
Permanent jobs citing SANS 219 553 290
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.16% 0.34% 0.17%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.69% 1.42% 0.68%
Number of salaries quoted 182 368 219
UK median annual salary £62,500 £55,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +13.64% -4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £36,950
90th Percentile £96,125 £82,875 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +15.79% - -13.64%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 31,689 39,002 42,786
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.10% 23.71% 24.43%
Number of salaries quoted 23,131 28,878 32,875
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +6.38% +4.44%
10th Percentile £27,000 £26,250 £26,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SANS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SANS.

Salary trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SANS over the 6 months to 17 October 2019.

Salary histogram for SANS in the UK

SANS
Top 13 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -144 216 £62,500 +19.05% 26
London +43 111 £75,000 +15.38% 14
UK excluding London -162 108 £55,000 +15.79% 15
North of England -31 29 £50,000 +11.11% 5
South West -6 28 £55,000 +22.22% 1
Yorkshire +19 24 £55,000 -29.03% 3
Midlands +37 23 £52,500 -4.55% 2
West Midlands +41 20 £52,500 +25.00% 2
South East -29 13 £62,500 +13.64% 4
East of England -64 12 £47,500 +11.76%
North West -35 5 £34,000 -24.44% 2
Wales +14 3 £39,000 -35.00% 1
East Midlands +22 2 £85,000 +21.43%

For the 6 months to 17 October 2019, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SANS.

1 166 (75.80%) Cybersecurity
2 142 (64.84%) CISSP
3 107 (48.86%) GIAC
4 105 (47.95%) Information Security
5 92 (42.01%) Firewall
6 91 (41.55%) Cisco Certification
7 81 (36.99%) Penetration Testing
8 76 (34.70%) Security Operations
9 74 (33.79%) Linux
10 70 (31.96%) CISM
11 69 (31.51%) SIEM
12 66 (30.14%) AWS
13 65 (29.68%) Azure
14 64 (29.22%) Degree
15 63 (28.77%) CCNA
16 61 (27.85%) TCP/IP
17 59 (26.94%) SSCP
17 59 (26.94%) CompTIA Security+
18 55 (25.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
19 51 (23.29%) Ethical Hacking
20 49 (22.37%) Network+ Certification
20 49 (22.37%) Windows
21 47 (21.46%) Reverse Engineering
21 47 (21.46%) OWASP
21 47 (21.46%) Problem-Solving
22 46 (21.00%) Software Engineering
23 45 (20.55%) .NET
24 44 (20.09%) HTTPS
24 44 (20.09%) Finance
25 41 (18.72%) CISA

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (16.44%) Apache Spark
1 36 (16.44%) Elasticsearch
1 36 (16.44%) OpenStack
2 4 (1.83%) Confluence
3 1 (0.46%) SAS
Applications
1 3 (1.37%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.91%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 1 (0.46%) Distributed Ledger
1 1 (0.46%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 66 (30.14%) AWS
2 65 (29.68%) Azure
3 39 (17.81%) GCP
4 36 (16.44%) OpenShift
5 7 (3.20%) Office 365
6 4 (1.83%) Cloud Computing
7 2 (0.91%) Akamai
7 2 (0.91%) Apigee
7 2 (0.91%) G Suite
8 1 (0.46%) IaaS
8 1 (0.46%) IBM Cloud
8 1 (0.46%) Mimecast
8 1 (0.46%) PaaS
8 1 (0.46%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 92 (42.01%) Firewall
2 61 (27.85%) TCP/IP
3 44 (20.09%) HTTPS
4 26 (11.87%) Network Security
5 18 (8.22%) Intrusion Detection
6 11 (5.02%) SAN
7 10 (4.57%) Internet
7 10 (4.57%) tcpdump
7 10 (4.57%) Wireshark
8 9 (4.11%) VPN
9 8 (3.65%) Cisco ASA
10 7 (3.20%) Cisco Firepower
10 7 (3.20%) HTTP
11 6 (2.74%) BIG-IP
11 6 (2.74%) LAN
11 6 (2.74%) VoIP
11 6 (2.74%) WAN
12 5 (2.28%) DNS
13 3 (1.37%) SMTP
13 3 (1.37%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (17.81%) Big Data
2 3 (1.37%) DB2
2 3 (1.37%) MongoDB
2 3 (1.37%) NoSQL
3 2 (0.91%) Blockchain
4 1 (0.46%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 41 (18.72%) JIRA
2 40 (18.26%) Bitbucket
2 40 (18.26%) Git (software)
3 36 (16.44%) git-flow
4 8 (3.65%) Burp Suite
5 6 (2.74%) Fiddler
6 5 (2.28%) SonarQube
7 3 (1.37%) Jenkins
7 3 (1.37%) JUnit
7 3 (1.37%) Metasploit
7 3 (1.37%) Subversion
8 1 (0.46%) AppScan
General
1 44 (20.09%) Finance
2 17 (7.76%) Games
3 16 (7.31%) Public Sector
4 13 (5.94%) Legal
5 10 (4.57%) Banking
5 10 (4.57%) Multimedia
6 9 (4.11%) Marketing
7 6 (2.74%) Law
8 4 (1.83%) Aerospace
8 4 (1.83%) Manufacturing
8 4 (1.83%) Retail
9 3 (1.37%) Brand Awareness
9 3 (1.37%) Military
9 3 (1.37%) Pharmaceutical
10 2 (0.91%) Private Banking
10 2 (0.91%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.46%) Automotive
11 1 (0.46%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.46%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 54 (24.66%) Analyst
2 41 (18.72%) Consultant
3 38 (17.35%) Security Analyst
4 27 (12.33%) Cybersecurity Analyst
5 22 (10.05%) Security Engineer
6 17 (7.76%) Security Manager
7 16 (7.31%) SOC Analyst
8 14 (6.39%) C++ Consultant
8 14 (6.39%) Software Consultant
8 14 (6.39%) Tester
9 13 (5.94%) Penetration Tester
9 13 (5.94%) Windows Consultant
10 12 (5.48%) Automation Test Lead
10 12 (5.48%) Test Automation Consultant
10 12 (5.48%) Test Automation Engineer
10 12 (5.48%) Test Consultant
10 12 (5.48%) Test Engineer
10 12 (5.48%) Test Leader
11 11 (5.02%) Security Consultant
12 10 (4.57%) IT Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (20.55%) .NET
2 36 (16.44%) AngularJS
2 36 (16.44%) ASP.NET
2 36 (16.44%) GraphQL
2 36 (16.44%) Kafka
2 36 (16.44%) Node.js
2 36 (16.44%) React
2 36 (16.44%) REST
2 36 (16.44%) Spring
2 36 (16.44%) Spring MVC
2 36 (16.44%) Vue.js
3 9 (4.11%) Web Services
4 6 (2.74%) CSS
4 6 (2.74%) HTML
5 5 (2.28%) OAuth
6 4 (1.83%) SAML
6 4 (1.83%) XMPP
7 3 (1.37%) JSON
7 3 (1.37%) RESTful
8 2 (0.91%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 33 (15.07%) Analytical Skills
1 33 (15.07%) Cyberattack
2 24 (10.96%) Security Operations Centre
3 22 (10.05%) Management Information System
4 19 (8.68%) Cyberthreat
5 18 (8.22%) Cybercrime
6 8 (3.65%) Cyber Kill Chain
7 7 (3.20%) PKI
7 7 (3.20%) Self-Motivation
8 6 (2.74%) Linux Command Line
8 6 (2.74%) Public Cloud
9 5 (2.28%) Social Media
10 4 (1.83%) Mobile App
11 3 (1.37%) CMDB
11 3 (1.37%) User Experience
12 2 (0.91%) Digital Media
12 2 (0.91%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 2 (0.91%) Mobile Payment
12 2 (0.91%) Renewable Energy
12 2 (0.91%) Shadow IT
Operating Systems
1 74 (33.79%) Linux
2 49 (22.37%) Windows
3 41 (18.72%) Android
3 41 (18.72%) Apple iOS
4 14 (6.39%) Unix
5 4 (1.83%) CentOS
5 4 (1.83%) Windows 10
6 1 (0.46%) Fedora
6 1 (0.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.46%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.46%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 166 (75.80%) Cybersecurity
2 105 (47.95%) Information Security
3 81 (36.99%) Penetration Testing
4 76 (34.70%) Security Operations
5 69 (31.51%) SIEM
6 51 (23.29%) Ethical Hacking
7 47 (21.46%) OWASP
7 47 (21.46%) Problem-Solving
7 47 (21.46%) Reverse Engineering
8 46 (21.00%) Software Engineering
9 39 (17.81%) Kanban
9 39 (17.81%) Scrum
9 39 (17.81%) Threat Intelligence
10 36 (16.44%) API Design
10 36 (16.44%) MVC
11 33 (15.07%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
11 33 (15.07%) Malware Analysis
12 31 (14.16%) Security Architecture
13 30 (13.70%) Vulnerability Management
14 23 (10.50%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 39 (17.81%) C
2 31 (14.16%) C++
3 28 (12.79%) C#
4 14 (6.39%) Python
5 13 (5.94%) Java
6 11 (5.02%) Bash Shell
7 10 (4.57%) PowerShell
8 8 (3.65%) Perl
8 8 (3.65%) SQL
9 7 (3.20%) JavaScript
10 5 (2.28%) Objective-C
11 3 (1.37%) PL/SQL
12 2 (0.91%) PHP
12 2 (0.91%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 142 (64.84%) CISSP
2 107 (48.86%) GIAC
3 91 (41.55%) Cisco Certification
4 70 (31.96%) CISM
5 64 (29.22%) Degree
6 63 (28.77%) CCNA
7 59 (26.94%) CompTIA Security+
7 59 (26.94%) SSCP
8 49 (22.37%) Network+ Certification
9 41 (18.72%) CISA
10 38 (17.35%) Microsoft Certification
11 37 (16.89%) Linux+ Certification
11 37 (16.89%) MCSE
12 35 (15.98%) CEH
13 31 (14.16%) CCNP
13 31 (14.16%) Security Cleared
14 25 (11.42%) OSCP
15 17 (7.76%) SC Cleared
16 14 (6.39%) CREST Certified
17 13 (5.94%) CSSLP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (25.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 41 (18.72%) NIST
3 27 (12.33%) PCI DSS
4 15 (6.85%) Cyber Essentials
5 13 (5.94%) GDPR
6 5 (2.28%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 4 (1.83%) COBIT
8 3 (1.37%) NCSC
8 3 (1.37%) QA
9 2 (0.91%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.46%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.46%) ISO 31000
10 1 (0.46%) NIST 800
System Software
1 41 (18.72%) Docker
2 7 (3.20%) Active Directory
3 6 (2.74%) ProxySG
4 3 (1.37%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.91%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.91%) NFS
5 2 (0.91%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.46%) Samba
6 1 (0.46%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.46%) Xen
Systems Management
1 38 (17.35%) Kubernetes
2 15 (6.85%) CSIRT
2 15 (6.85%) Nessus
3 12 (5.48%) QRadar
4 6 (2.74%) Computer Incident Response Team
5 4 (1.83%) Network Intrusion Detection System
6 3 (1.37%) CASB
6 3 (1.37%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
6 3 (1.37%) Single Sign-On
7 2 (0.91%) Ansible
7 2 (0.91%) HAProxy
7 2 (0.91%) Host Intrusion Detection System
7 2 (0.91%) Nmap
7 2 (0.91%) vCenter Server
8 1 (0.46%) Nagios
8 1 (0.46%) Norton AntiVirus
8 1 (0.46%) OpenNMS
8 1 (0.46%) SCCM
8 1 (0.46%) WSUS
8 1 (0.46%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 36 (16.44%) Google
2 29 (13.24%) Qualys
3 25 (11.42%) Cisco
4 22 (10.05%) Splunk
5 14 (6.39%) Microsoft
6 13 (5.94%) ArcSight
7 12 (5.48%) McAfee
8 10 (4.57%) Darktrace
8 10 (4.57%) Palo Alto
8 10 (4.57%) Symantec
8 10 (4.57%) Zscaler
9 8 (3.65%) Blue Coat
9 8 (3.65%) LogRhythm
10 7 (3.20%) F5
10 7 (3.20%) Rapid7
11 6 (2.74%) FireEye
11 6 (2.74%) Juniper
12 5 (2.28%) IBM
13 4 (1.83%) Red Hat
13 4 (1.83%) VMware