Period
to 12 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 12 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK
6 months to
12 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 741 730 729
Rank change year-on-year -11 -1 +6
Permanent jobs citing SANS 144 198 406
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.16% 0.20% 0.28%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.78% 0.94% 1.12%
Number of salaries quoted 121 143 303
10th Percentile £47,500 £45,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £52,500 £46,875
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% - +4.35%
75th Percentile £85,000 £78,750 £77,500
90th Percentile " £95,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £58,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +3.45% +5.45% -

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 18,456 21,166 36,107
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.82% 21.47% 24.83%
Number of salaries quoted 12,196 15,930 26,155
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,750 £26,250
25th Percentile £41,250 £37,460 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £72,500 £68,750 £66,250
90th Percentile £86,250 £83,750 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.27%

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SANS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SANS.

Salary trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SANS over the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

Salary histogram for SANS in the UK

SANS
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the UK over the 6 months to 12 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +23 129 £70,000 +14.75% 17
London +46 73 £85,000 +17.24% 9
UK excluding London +8 61 £60,000 +3.45% 9
Work from Home -162 18 £78,750 -12.50% 3
Midlands 0 15 £52,500 -0.94% 1
North of England -10 13 £70,000 +14.75% 1
West Midlands -15 11 £70,000 +32.08%
South East +25 10 £74,500 +24.17% 5
East of England +23 8 £55,000 -
South West -14 8 £47,500 -13.64% 1
Scotland -6 7 £38,000 +12.59% 1
North West +19 5 £70,000 +16.67%
North East - 5 £60,000 -
East Midlands - 4 £52,500 - 1
Yorkshire -18 3 £70,000 +13.36% 1

For the 6 months to 12 May 2021, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SANS.

1 96 (66.67%) CISSP
2 77 (53.47%) Cybersecurity
3 59 (40.97%) Information Security
4 52 (36.11%) Social Skills
5 42 (29.17%) Security Operations
6 41 (28.47%) CISM
7 40 (27.78%) GIAC
8 38 (26.39%) Agile Software Development
8 38 (26.39%) SIEM
9 36 (25.00%) OWASP
9 36 (25.00%) Finance
9 36 (25.00%) Firewall
10 35 (24.31%) NIST
11 32 (22.22%) Test Automation
12 30 (20.83%) Git (software)
12 30 (20.83%) Docker
13 29 (20.14%) QA
14 28 (19.44%) Java
14 28 (19.44%) JavaScript
14 28 (19.44%) Vulnerability Management
15 27 (18.75%) Sass
15 27 (18.75%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 27 (18.75%) DevOps
15 27 (18.75%) User Experience
15 27 (18.75%) TypeScript
15 27 (18.75%) Microservices
15 27 (18.75%) Kubernetes
15 27 (18.75%) React
15 27 (18.75%) Spring Boot
15 27 (18.75%) GraphQL

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (4.17%) Apache Spark
2 2 (1.39%) Confluence
Applications
1 27 (18.75%) InVision
1 27 (18.75%) Sketch
2 6 (4.17%) Gephi
3 4 (2.78%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (2.78%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (2.78%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 3 (2.08%) NetSuite
2 1 (0.69%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 18 (12.50%) AWS
2 12 (8.33%) Azure
3 5 (3.47%) Microsoft 365
4 3 (2.08%) Dynamics 365
4 3 (2.08%) Sumo Logic
5 2 (1.39%) Azure Sentinel
5 2 (1.39%) GCP
6 1 (0.69%) Akamai
6 1 (0.69%) Amazon EKS
6 1 (0.69%) Amazon GuardDuty
6 1 (0.69%) Azure Active Directory
6 1 (0.69%) OpenShift
6 1 (0.69%) PaaS
6 1 (0.69%) SaaS
6 1 (0.69%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 36 (25.00%) Firewall
2 12 (8.33%) Intrusion Detection
2 12 (8.33%) VPN
3 9 (6.25%) HTTP
4 7 (4.86%) DNS
5 6 (4.17%) Ethernet
5 6 (4.17%) MPLS
5 6 (4.17%) SAN
5 6 (4.17%) SSL
6 5 (3.47%) Internet
7 4 (2.78%) IPsec
8 3 (2.08%) TCP/IP
9 2 (1.39%) 802.11
9 2 (1.39%) CHAP
9 2 (1.39%) SNMP
10 1 (0.69%) DHCP
10 1 (0.69%) DMARC
10 1 (0.69%) Network Security
10 1 (0.69%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (5.56%) Big Data
2 6 (4.17%) Apache Hive
2 6 (4.17%) Impala
3 2 (1.39%) Blockchain
3 2 (1.39%) DB2
Development Applications
1 30 (20.83%) Git (software)
2 27 (18.75%) Cypress.io
2 27 (18.75%) PostCSS
2 27 (18.75%) Selenium
3 8 (5.56%) JIRA
4 6 (4.17%) Bitbucket
4 6 (4.17%) Bitbucket Server
4 6 (4.17%) git-flow
5 3 (2.08%) Burp Suite
5 3 (2.08%) Metasploit
6 1 (0.69%) IDA Disassembler
General
1 52 (36.11%) Social Skills
2 36 (25.00%) Finance
3 26 (18.06%) Analytical Skills
4 14 (9.72%) Legal
5 7 (4.86%) Banking
6 6 (4.17%) Public Speaking
7 4 (2.78%) Law
7 4 (2.78%) Marketing
7 4 (2.78%) Organisational Skills
8 3 (2.08%) Manufacturing
8 3 (2.08%) Presentation Skills
8 3 (2.08%) Public Sector
9 2 (1.39%) Financial Institution
9 2 (1.39%) French Language
10 1 (0.69%) Automotive
10 1 (0.69%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 33 (22.92%) Analyst
2 27 (18.75%) Developer
2 27 (18.75%) React Developer
3 20 (13.89%) Full Stack Developer
4 19 (13.19%) Security Engineer
5 18 (12.50%) Java Developer
6 13 (9.03%) Architect
6 13 (9.03%) Security Architect
7 12 (8.33%) Security Analyst
7 12 (8.33%) Security Manager
8 11 (7.64%) IT Engineer
8 11 (7.64%) IT Security Engineer
8 11 (7.64%) SOC Analyst
9 10 (6.94%) Information Officer
9 10 (6.94%) Information Security Officer
9 10 (6.94%) Security Officer
9 10 (6.94%) UI Developer
10 8 (5.56%) Information Manager
10 8 (5.56%) Information Security Manager
10 8 (5.56%) Senior Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 27 (18.75%) CSS
1 27 (18.75%) CSS3
1 27 (18.75%) GraphQL
1 27 (18.75%) HTML
1 27 (18.75%) HTML5
1 27 (18.75%) Puppeteer
1 27 (18.75%) React
1 27 (18.75%) Sass
1 27 (18.75%) Spring
1 27 (18.75%) Spring Boot
1 27 (18.75%) Twitter Bootstrap
1 27 (18.75%) Web Components
2 6 (4.17%) Elastic Stack
2 6 (4.17%) Kafka
2 6 (4.17%) Middleware
2 6 (4.17%) Node.js
3 5 (3.47%) AngularJS
4 2 (1.39%) 802.1X
4 2 (1.39%) Web Services
5 1 (0.69%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 27 (18.75%) User Experience
2 14 (9.72%) Cyberthreat
3 11 (7.64%) Analytical Mindset
3 11 (7.64%) Cyber Kill Chain
4 10 (6.94%) Self-Motivation
5 8 (5.56%) Cyber Defence
5 8 (5.56%) Virtual Team
6 7 (4.86%) Management Information System
7 6 (4.17%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 5 (3.47%) Anti-Piracy
9 4 (2.78%) Life Science
9 4 (2.78%) PKI
9 4 (2.78%) Public Cloud
10 3 (2.08%) Blog
10 3 (2.08%) Security Operations Centre
11 2 (1.39%) Enterprise Storage
11 2 (1.39%) SCADA
12 1 (0.69%) Cloud Native
12 1 (0.69%) Data Centre
12 1 (0.69%) FMCG
Operating Systems
1 22 (15.28%) Linux
2 16 (11.11%) Windows
3 8 (5.56%) Unix
4 6 (4.17%) Mac OS
5 4 (2.78%) Kali Linux
6 3 (2.08%) Mac OS X
7 2 (1.39%) AIX
7 2 (1.39%) CentOS
7 2 (1.39%) Fedora
7 2 (1.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (1.39%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.69%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 77 (53.47%) Cybersecurity
2 59 (40.97%) Information Security
3 42 (29.17%) Security Operations
4 38 (26.39%) Agile Software Development
4 38 (26.39%) SIEM
5 36 (25.00%) OWASP
6 32 (22.22%) Test Automation
7 28 (19.44%) Vulnerability Management
8 27 (18.75%) DevOps
8 27 (18.75%) Microservices
9 24 (16.67%) Continuous Delivery
9 24 (16.67%) Continuous Integration
9 24 (16.67%) Software Engineering
9 24 (16.67%) TDD
10 23 (15.97%) Security Architecture
10 23 (15.97%) Security Monitoring
11 21 (14.58%) Threat Intelligence
12 19 (13.19%) Penetration Testing
13 18 (12.50%) SABSA
14 17 (11.81%) Kalman Filter
Programming Languages
1 28 (19.44%) Java
1 28 (19.44%) JavaScript
2 27 (18.75%) ES6
2 27 (18.75%) ES7
2 27 (18.75%) Kotlin
2 27 (18.75%) Scala
2 27 (18.75%) TypeScript
3 20 (13.89%) Python
4 11 (7.64%) Bash Shell
5 10 (6.94%) PowerShell
6 8 (5.56%) C
7 7 (4.86%) Perl
8 6 (4.17%) R
9 3 (2.08%) Ruby
10 2 (1.39%) Go
10 2 (1.39%) Lua
11 1 (0.69%) C#
11 1 (0.69%) C++
11 1 (0.69%) PHP
11 1 (0.69%) SQL
Qualifications
1 96 (66.67%) CISSP
2 41 (28.47%) CISM
3 40 (27.78%) GIAC
4 24 (16.67%) CompTIA Security+
5 23 (15.97%) Security Cleared
6 22 (15.28%) CEH
7 17 (11.81%) CISA
8 15 (10.42%) Cisco Certification
8 15 (10.42%) DV Cleared
9 13 (9.03%) CRISC
10 12 (8.33%) Microsoft Certification
10 12 (8.33%) OSCP
11 11 (7.64%) Degree
11 11 (7.64%) SSCP
12 9 (6.25%) CCNA
12 9 (6.25%) CESG Certified Professional
12 9 (6.25%) CREST Certified
12 9 (6.25%) SC Cleared
13 8 (5.56%) Linux+ Certification
13 8 (5.56%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (24.31%) NIST
2 29 (20.14%) QA
3 27 (18.75%) WCAG
4 18 (12.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 11 (7.64%) GDPR
5 11 (7.64%) NCSC
6 9 (6.25%) PCI DSS
7 6 (4.17%) Government Security Classifications
7 6 (4.17%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 6 (4.17%) ISO/IEC 27005
7 6 (4.17%) JSP 440
7 6 (4.17%) NIST 800
7 6 (4.17%) PA-DSS
7 6 (4.17%) RMADS
8 5 (3.47%) COBIT
9 4 (2.78%) SLA
10 1 (0.69%) Cyber Essentials
10 1 (0.69%) GLBA
System Software
1 30 (20.83%) Docker
2 6 (4.17%) Apache Flume
3 2 (1.39%) Active Directory
3 2 (1.39%) NFS
3 2 (1.39%) Samba
3 2 (1.39%) VirtualBox
3 2 (1.39%) VMware ESXi
3 2 (1.39%) VMware Infrastructure
3 2 (1.39%) Xen
4 1 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 27 (18.75%) Kubernetes
2 8 (5.56%) Kibana
3 7 (4.86%) CSIRT
4 6 (4.17%) Oozie
5 4 (2.78%) Terraform
6 3 (2.08%) Nessus
6 3 (2.08%) Nmap
6 3 (2.08%) QRadar
7 2 (1.39%) Ansible
7 2 (1.39%) Docker Swarm
7 2 (1.39%) Nagios
7 2 (1.39%) OpenNMS
7 2 (1.39%) Puppet
7 2 (1.39%) vCenter Server
7 2 (1.39%) ZABBIX
8 1 (0.69%) CASB
8 1 (0.69%) Computer Incident Response Team
8 1 (0.69%) Demisto
8 1 (0.69%) Norton AntiVirus
8 1 (0.69%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 19 (13.19%) Splunk
2 16 (11.11%) Microsoft
3 6 (4.17%) BT
4 3 (2.08%) Citrix
4 3 (2.08%) Google
4 3 (2.08%) JD Edwards
4 3 (2.08%) LogRhythm
5 2 (1.39%) Atlassian
5 2 (1.39%) Cisco
5 2 (1.39%) Cloudera
5 2 (1.39%) Dell
5 2 (1.39%) EMC
5 2 (1.39%) Hortonworks
5 2 (1.39%) NetApp
5 2 (1.39%) Okta
5 2 (1.39%) Qualys
5 2 (1.39%) Red Hat
5 2 (1.39%) SolarWinds
5 2 (1.39%) VMware
6 1 (0.69%) Carbon Black