Period
to 29 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 29 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK
6 months to
29 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 796 638 743
Rank change year-on-year -158 +105 +28
Permanent jobs citing SANS 214 533 486
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.18% 0.35% 0.28%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.81% 1.45% 1.15%
Number of salaries quoted 177 376 374
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% -4.35% -4.17%
10th Percentile £43,550 £42,500 £40,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £53,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% -0.94% -3.64%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 26,534 36,869 42,160
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.71% 24.39% 23.93%
Number of salaries quoted 19,593 26,884 32,672
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,500 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% -

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SANS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SANS.

Salary trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SANS over the 6 months to 29 February 2020.

Salary histogram for SANS in the UK

SANS
Top 13 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the UK over the 6 months to 29 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -145 199 £60,000 +9.09% 31
UK excluding London -100 114 £55,000 +4.76% 20
London +16 96 £72,500 +11.54% 13
South East -8 41 £60,000 +4.35% 1
North of England -73 24 £55,000 +22.22% 10
West Midlands +59 22 £52,500 -26.06% 4
Midlands +49 22 £52,500 -19.23% 4
Yorkshire +19 14 £45,750 -34.64% 4
South West +27 13 £55,000 +22.22% 2
North West -67 10 £55,000 +22.22% 6
East of England +32 8 £55,000 +18.92% 1
Wales 0 8 £47,500 -22.45% 1
Northern Ireland +18 3 £42,500 -32.00%

For the 6 months to 29 February 2020, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SANS.

1 136 (63.55%) Cybersecurity
2 125 (58.41%) CISSP
3 97 (45.33%) Information Security
4 91 (42.52%) Firewall
5 82 (38.32%) CISM
6 80 (37.38%) Security Operations
7 68 (31.78%) Threat Intelligence
8 67 (31.31%) SIEM
9 66 (30.84%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
9 66 (30.84%) GIAC
10 65 (30.37%) Cisco Certification
11 62 (28.97%) Penetration Testing
12 55 (25.70%) Linux
13 52 (24.30%) OWASP
14 50 (23.36%) Security Cleared
15 48 (22.43%) Degree
15 48 (22.43%) Python
16 47 (21.96%) Vulnerability Management
16 47 (21.96%) NIST
17 43 (20.09%) AWS
17 43 (20.09%) ISO/IEC 27001
18 40 (18.69%) CompTIA Security+
19 39 (18.22%) Agile Software Development
20 38 (17.76%) C
20 38 (17.76%) ITIL
20 38 (17.76%) CCNA
21 37 (17.29%) Bash Shell
21 37 (17.29%) Docker
22 36 (16.82%) SSCP
23 34 (15.89%) PowerShell

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (5.61%) Apache Spark
2 9 (4.21%) Elasticsearch
2 9 (4.21%) OpenStack
2 9 (4.21%) SharePoint
3 3 (1.40%) Confluence
Applications
1 4 (1.87%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.93%) Gephi
3 1 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 2 (0.93%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.47%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 43 (20.09%) AWS
2 32 (14.95%) Azure
3 16 (7.48%) Office 365
4 13 (6.07%) GCP
5 11 (5.14%) Cloud Computing
6 9 (4.21%) OpenShift
7 5 (2.34%) Akamai
7 5 (2.34%) Power Platform
7 5 (2.34%) PowerApps
8 4 (1.87%) Cloudflare
8 4 (1.87%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 1 (0.47%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 91 (42.52%) Firewall
2 28 (13.08%) TCP/IP
3 24 (11.21%) Intrusion Detection
3 24 (11.21%) VPN
4 21 (9.81%) Network Security
5 12 (5.61%) HTTPS
5 12 (5.61%) SAN
6 9 (4.21%) Wireshark
7 8 (3.74%) HTTP
7 8 (3.74%) IPsec
8 7 (3.27%) tcpdump
9 6 (2.80%) DNS
9 6 (2.80%) Internet
9 6 (2.80%) LAN
9 6 (2.80%) WAN
10 4 (1.87%) 802.11
10 4 (1.87%) SNMP
10 4 (1.87%) SSL
11 3 (1.40%) Ethernet
11 3 (1.40%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 27 (12.62%) Big Data
2 5 (2.34%) Power BI
3 3 (1.40%) Apache Hive
3 3 (1.40%) Blockchain
3 3 (1.40%) Impala
4 1 (0.47%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 16 (7.48%) JIRA
2 15 (7.01%) Bitbucket
2 15 (7.01%) Git (software)
3 12 (5.61%) git-flow
4 8 (3.74%) ReSharper
4 8 (3.74%) SonarQube
5 7 (3.27%) Metasploit
6 6 (2.80%) Burp Suite
7 4 (1.87%) Jenkins
8 3 (1.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 3 (1.40%) Bitbucket Server
8 3 (1.40%) Fiddler
8 3 (1.40%) GitLab
8 3 (1.40%) Team Foundation Server
9 1 (0.47%) AppScan
General
1 23 (10.75%) Legal
2 21 (9.81%) Public Sector
3 18 (8.41%) Finance
3 18 (8.41%) Marketing
4 13 (6.07%) Retail
5 5 (2.34%) Telecoms
6 4 (1.87%) Banking
6 4 (1.87%) Games
6 4 (1.87%) Law
6 4 (1.87%) Manufacturing
7 3 (1.40%) Brand Awareness
8 2 (0.93%) Aerospace
8 2 (0.93%) Automotive
8 2 (0.93%) Military
9 1 (0.47%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.47%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 52 (24.30%) Analyst
2 26 (12.15%) Security Analyst
3 22 (10.28%) Security Engineer
4 19 (8.88%) Security Manager
4 19 (8.88%) Senior Analyst
5 16 (7.48%) Cybersecurity Analyst
5 16 (7.48%) Cybersecurity Manager
6 15 (7.01%) Consultant
6 15 (7.01%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 15 (7.01%) Penetration Tester
6 15 (7.01%) Tester
7 13 (6.07%) Security Specialist
7 13 (6.07%) Threat Intelligence Analyst
8 12 (5.61%) Platform Engineer
9 9 (4.21%) Information Manager
9 9 (4.21%) Information Security Manager
9 9 (4.21%) Senior Manager
10 8 (3.74%) Cybersecurity Engineer
10 8 (3.74%) DevSecOps Engineer
11 7 (3.27%) Security Assurance Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (9.81%) .NET
2 13 (6.07%) Kafka
3 10 (4.67%) Web Services
4 9 (4.21%) AngularJS
4 9 (4.21%) ASP.NET
4 9 (4.21%) GraphQL
4 9 (4.21%) Node.js
4 9 (4.21%) React
4 9 (4.21%) REST
4 9 (4.21%) Spring
4 9 (4.21%) Spring MVC
4 9 (4.21%) Vue.js
5 8 (3.74%) .NET Core
5 8 (3.74%) .NET Framework
6 4 (1.87%) 802.1X
7 3 (1.40%) Elastic Stack
8 1 (0.47%) CSS
8 1 (0.47%) HTML
Miscellaneous
1 31 (14.49%) Analytical Skills
2 30 (14.02%) Cyberthreat
3 28 (13.08%) Security Operations Centre
4 22 (10.28%) Management Information System
5 17 (7.94%) Public Cloud
6 15 (7.01%) Enterprise Storage
7 14 (6.54%) Cyberattack
8 11 (5.14%) Cyber Kill Chain
9 10 (4.67%) PKI
10 9 (4.21%) Cloud Native
11 7 (3.27%) Cybercrime
11 7 (3.27%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 6 (2.80%) Cyber Defence
13 5 (2.34%) Grid Computing
13 5 (2.34%) Mobile Payment
13 5 (2.34%) Renewable Energy
13 5 (2.34%) Self-Motivation
13 5 (2.34%) Smart Home
14 4 (1.87%) SCADA
15 3 (1.40%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 55 (25.70%) Linux
2 30 (14.02%) Windows
3 15 (7.01%) CentOS
3 15 (7.01%) Fedora
3 15 (7.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 15 (7.01%) Ubuntu
4 12 (5.61%) Apple iOS
4 12 (5.61%) Unix
5 10 (4.67%) Android
6 7 (3.27%) Mac OS
7 6 (2.80%) Kali Linux
8 4 (1.87%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 136 (63.55%) Cybersecurity
2 97 (45.33%) Information Security
3 80 (37.38%) Security Operations
4 68 (31.78%) Threat Intelligence
5 67 (31.31%) SIEM
6 66 (30.84%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
7 62 (28.97%) Penetration Testing
8 52 (24.30%) OWASP
9 47 (21.96%) Vulnerability Management
10 39 (18.22%) Agile Software Development
11 38 (17.76%) ITIL
12 32 (14.95%) Service Management
13 30 (14.02%) Ethical Hacking
13 30 (14.02%) SDLC
14 28 (13.08%) Configuration Management
14 28 (13.08%) Test Automation
14 28 (13.08%) Vulnerability Scanning
15 26 (12.15%) Analytics
15 26 (12.15%) Target Operating Model
16 25 (11.68%) Cyber Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 48 (22.43%) Python
2 38 (17.76%) C
3 37 (17.29%) Bash Shell
4 34 (15.89%) PowerShell
5 16 (7.48%) Java
6 14 (6.54%) C#
7 11 (5.14%) JavaScript
8 9 (4.21%) C++
9 8 (3.74%) Perl
10 6 (2.80%) Go
10 6 (2.80%) Ruby
11 4 (1.87%) Lua
12 3 (1.40%) R
12 3 (1.40%) SQL
13 2 (0.93%) Clojure
13 2 (0.93%) Scala
14 1 (0.47%) Objective-C
14 1 (0.47%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 125 (58.41%) CISSP
2 82 (38.32%) CISM
3 66 (30.84%) GIAC
4 65 (30.37%) Cisco Certification
5 50 (23.36%) Security Cleared
6 48 (22.43%) Degree
7 40 (18.69%) CompTIA Security+
8 38 (17.76%) CCNA
9 36 (16.82%) SSCP
10 34 (15.89%) OSCP
11 32 (14.95%) CREST Certified
12 31 (14.49%) CCNP
13 30 (14.02%) CEH
13 30 (14.02%) Network+ Certification
14 27 (12.62%) Linux+ Certification
14 27 (12.62%) MCSE
14 27 (12.62%) Microsoft Certification
15 25 (11.68%) SC Cleared
16 19 (8.88%) DV Cleared
17 18 (8.41%) GCIH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (21.96%) NIST
2 43 (20.09%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 16 (7.48%) PCI DSS
4 14 (6.54%) GDPR
5 12 (5.61%) QA
6 11 (5.14%) COBIT
7 9 (4.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 6 (2.80%) Cyber Essentials
9 5 (2.34%) ISO 14001
9 5 (2.34%) ISO 9001
10 4 (1.87%) NIST 800
11 2 (0.93%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 2 (0.93%) NCSC
System Software
1 37 (17.29%) Docker
2 20 (9.35%) VMware Infrastructure
3 15 (7.01%) NFS
3 15 (7.01%) Samba
3 15 (7.01%) VirtualBox
3 15 (7.01%) VMware ESXi
3 15 (7.01%) Xen
4 9 (4.21%) Active Directory
5 4 (1.87%) Snort
6 3 (1.40%) Apache Flume
6 3 (1.40%) ProxySG
7 1 (0.47%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 30 (14.02%) Kubernetes
2 18 (8.41%) Ansible
3 15 (7.01%) Docker Swarm
3 15 (7.01%) Nagios
3 15 (7.01%) OpenNMS
3 15 (7.01%) Puppet
3 15 (7.01%) vCenter Server
3 15 (7.01%) ZABBIX
4 13 (6.07%) Nessus
5 11 (5.14%) Nmap
6 10 (4.67%) Terraform
7 7 (3.27%) QRadar
8 6 (2.80%) CSIRT
9 5 (2.34%) HAProxy
10 4 (1.87%) Host Intrusion Detection System
10 4 (1.87%) Network Intrusion Detection System
11 3 (1.40%) Oozie
12 2 (0.93%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
12 2 (0.93%) Kibana
12 2 (0.93%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 30 (14.02%) Microsoft
2 20 (9.35%) VMware
3 15 (7.01%) Cloudera
3 15 (7.01%) Dell
3 15 (7.01%) EMC
3 15 (7.01%) Hortonworks
3 15 (7.01%) NetApp
3 15 (7.01%) Red Hat
3 15 (7.01%) SolarWinds
3 15 (7.01%) Splunk
4 13 (6.07%) Qualys
5 9 (4.21%) Google
6 5 (2.34%) Imperva
7 4 (1.87%) AlienVault
7 4 (1.87%) Cisco
7 4 (1.87%) IBM
7 4 (1.87%) Sun
8 3 (1.40%) Black Duck
8 3 (1.40%) Blue Coat
8 3 (1.40%) Veracode