Period
to 15 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 15 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK
6 months to
15 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 705 874 828
Rank change year-on-year +169 -46 +226
Permanent jobs citing SANS 509 317 460
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.30% 0.18% 0.23%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.27% 0.73% 0.86%
Number of salaries quoted 342 240 394
UK median annual salary £57,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.17% +9.09% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,750 £41,250
90th Percentile £88,750 £81,375 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £51,250 £54,500
% change year-on-year +7.32% -5.96% +3.81%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 40,163 43,367 53,557
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.68% 24.50% 26.99%
Number of salaries quoted 29,870 33,333 43,258
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% - -
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SANS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SANS.

Salary trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SANS over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Salary histogram for SANS in the UK

SANS
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the UK over the 6 months to 15 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +156 484 £55,000 -8.33% 29
UK excluding London +186 327 £55,000 +7.32% 22
London +53 174 £65,000 +4.00% 9
East of England +103 111 £40,000 -15.79% 6
South East +62 82 £55,000 -26.67% 1
North of England +25 43 £52,500 -12.50% 3
Midlands +46 38 £62,500 +6.38% 3
South West -33 35 £45,000 +9.09% 7
North West +28 32 £45,000 -14.29% 3
West Midlands +37 16 £60,000 +14.29% 2
East Midlands +27 15 £70,000 -12.50% 1
Yorkshire +23 11 £77,500 +24.00%
Wales - 8 £60,000 -
Scotland -2 7 £60,000 - 1
Northern Ireland - 3 £62,500 - 1

For the 6 months to 15 August 2018, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SANS.

1 406 (79.76%) CISSP
2 282 (55.40%) Cybersecurity
3 235 (46.17%) CISM
4 224 (44.01%) GIAC
5 216 (42.44%) Information Security
6 183 (35.95%) SSCP
7 179 (35.17%) SIEM
8 173 (33.99%) Windows
9 171 (33.60%) Security Operations
10 165 (32.42%) Penetration Testing
11 158 (31.04%) Microsoft
12 151 (29.67%) Firewall
13 145 (28.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 144 (28.29%) CISA
15 141 (27.70%) CompTIA Security+
16 140 (27.50%) OWASP
17 131 (25.74%) Cisco Certification
18 130 (25.54%) Linux
18 130 (25.54%) CSSLP
19 100 (19.65%) Security Architecture
20 97 (19.06%) MCSE
20 97 (19.06%) Microsoft Certification
21 94 (18.47%) CEH
22 92 (18.07%) Security Cleared
23 91 (17.88%) Symantec
23 91 (17.88%) CCNA
24 84 (16.50%) Ethical Hacking
25 81 (15.91%) Python
25 81 (15.91%) Security Operations Centre
26 80 (15.72%) Cisco

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (8.06%) Apache Pig
2 5 (0.98%) IIS
3 4 (0.79%) Apache
4 3 (0.59%) Confluence
4 3 (0.59%) JBoss
4 3 (0.59%) Tomcat
5 1 (0.20%) CMS
5 1 (0.20%) Exchange Server 2013
5 1 (0.20%) MS Exchange
5 1 (0.20%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 8 (1.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Cloud Services
1 41 (8.06%) Amazon AWS
2 31 (6.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 21 (4.13%) Google Cloud Platform
4 20 (3.93%) Office 365
5 16 (3.14%) Mimecast
6 11 (2.16%) SaaS
7 8 (1.57%) Cloud Computing
7 8 (1.57%) Serverless
8 4 (0.79%) IaaS
9 3 (0.59%) AWS CloudFormation
9 3 (0.59%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 151 (29.67%) Firewall
2 67 (13.16%) TCP/IP
3 53 (10.41%) Intrusion Detection
4 44 (8.64%) SSL
5 42 (8.25%) HTTP
6 41 (8.06%) Network Security
7 25 (4.91%) Wireshark
8 17 (3.34%) DKIM
8 17 (3.34%) DMARC
8 17 (3.34%) Internet
9 12 (2.36%) SAN
9 12 (2.36%) SNMP
10 11 (2.16%) FCoE
11 10 (1.96%) Wi-Fi
11 10 (1.96%) Wireless
12 9 (1.77%) Cisco Firepower
13 7 (1.38%) VoIP
13 7 (1.38%) WAN
14 5 (0.98%) Broadband
14 5 (0.98%) DNS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 63 (12.38%) Big Data
2 42 (8.25%) Hadoop
3 41 (8.06%) Apache Hive
3 41 (8.06%) SQL Server
4 40 (7.86%) MySQL
5 1 (0.20%) GIS
5 1 (0.20%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 53 (10.41%) JIRA
2 44 (8.64%) Git (software)
3 39 (7.66%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 39 (7.66%) Bitbucket
3 39 (7.66%) CodeSonar
3 39 (7.66%) git-flow
3 39 (7.66%) Robot Framework
3 39 (7.66%) Selenium
4 11 (2.16%) Redmine
5 7 (1.38%) Metasploit
6 5 (0.98%) Jenkins
7 3 (0.59%) Burp Suite
7 3 (0.59%) Subversion
8 2 (0.39%) AppScan
8 2 (0.39%) SoapUI
8 2 (0.39%) SpecFlow
8 2 (0.39%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 75 (14.73%) Retail
2 73 (14.34%) Finance
3 27 (5.30%) Legal
4 20 (3.93%) Games
5 12 (2.36%) Banking
6 6 (1.18%) Local Government
6 6 (1.18%) Marketing
6 6 (1.18%) Telecoms
7 5 (0.98%) Financial Institution
7 5 (0.98%) Welsh Language
8 4 (0.79%) Retail Banking
9 3 (0.59%) French Language
9 3 (0.59%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.39%) Aerospace
10 2 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.20%) Automotive
11 1 (0.20%) Billing
11 1 (0.20%) Law
11 1 (0.20%) Military
Job Titles
1 136 (26.72%) Analyst
2 88 (17.29%) Security Analyst
3 73 (14.34%) Security Engineer
4 63 (12.38%) Security Manager
5 62 (12.18%) Architect
6 60 (11.79%) Security Architect
7 43 (8.45%) SOC Analyst
8 39 (7.66%) Software Engineer
9 34 (6.68%) C++ Software Engineer
9 34 (6.68%) Java Engineer
9 34 (6.68%) Java Software Engineer
10 31 (6.09%) Senior Analyst
11 28 (5.50%) C# Software Engineer
11 28 (5.50%) Engineering Manager
11 28 (5.50%) SIEM Analyst
12 26 (5.11%) Consultant
12 26 (5.11%) Operations Manager
13 25 (4.91%) Operational Security Manager
13 25 (4.91%) Security Operations Manager
13 25 (4.91%) Senior Security Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (8.64%) Java EE
1 44 (8.64%) LAMP
1 44 (8.64%) REST
2 42 (8.25%) .NET
2 42 (8.25%) ASP.NET
2 42 (8.25%) STL
3 39 (7.66%) .NET Framework
3 39 (7.66%) Django
3 39 (7.66%) Node.js
3 39 (7.66%) RabbitMQ
3 39 (7.66%) SOAP
3 39 (7.66%) Spring MVC
4 9 (1.77%) Web Services
5 7 (1.38%) HTML
6 6 (1.18%) JSON
7 5 (0.98%) CSS
8 3 (0.59%) LDAP
8 3 (0.59%) Middleware
8 3 (0.59%) SAML
8 3 (0.59%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 81 (15.91%) Security Operations Centre
2 64 (12.57%) Analytical Skills
2 64 (12.57%) Management Information System
3 43 (8.45%) Cyber Kill Chain
4 33 (6.48%) Computer Science
5 29 (5.70%) PKI
6 27 (5.30%) Data Centre
7 23 (4.52%) Self-Motivation
8 20 (3.93%) Cyberthreat
9 13 (2.55%) Cyber Defence
9 13 (2.55%) Fintech
10 10 (1.96%) Algorithms
11 8 (1.57%) CESG
12 7 (1.38%) Data Structures
13 5 (0.98%) Enterprise Storage
14 4 (0.79%) Cyberattack
14 4 (0.79%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 4 (0.79%) Enterprise Software
14 4 (0.79%) PMI
15 3 (0.59%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 173 (33.99%) Windows
2 130 (25.54%) Linux
3 70 (13.75%) Unix
4 47 (9.23%) Android
4 47 (9.23%) Apple iOS
5 42 (8.25%) Mac OS X
6 13 (2.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (1.96%) CentOS
8 8 (1.57%) Kali Linux
9 6 (1.18%) Windows Server
10 5 (0.98%) Fedora
10 5 (0.98%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.79%) Solaris
11 4 (0.79%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
13 1 (0.20%) AIX
13 1 (0.20%) HPUX
13 1 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 282 (55.40%) Cybersecurity
2 216 (42.44%) Information Security
3 179 (35.17%) SIEM
4 171 (33.60%) Security Operations
5 165 (32.42%) Penetration Testing
6 140 (27.50%) OWASP
7 100 (19.65%) Security Architecture
8 84 (16.50%) Ethical Hacking
9 77 (15.13%) Reverse Engineering
10 74 (14.54%) Risk Management
11 71 (13.95%) Problem-Solving
12 69 (13.56%) Vulnerability Management
13 63 (12.38%) Data Loss Prevention
14 62 (12.18%) Software Engineering
14 62 (12.18%) Threat Intelligence
15 59 (11.59%) Agile Software Development
16 57 (11.20%) Continuous Improvement
17 55 (10.81%) Test Automation
17 55 (10.81%) User Stories
18 46 (9.04%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 81 (15.91%) Python
2 71 (13.95%) C
3 66 (12.97%) Bash Shell
4 64 (12.57%) Java
5 57 (11.20%) C++
6 50 (9.82%) C#
7 49 (9.63%) JavaScript
7 49 (9.63%) PHP
7 49 (9.63%) PowerShell
8 45 (8.84%) Objective-C
9 25 (4.91%) Perl
10 19 (3.73%) Ruby
11 16 (3.14%) SQL
12 11 (2.16%) Korn
13 10 (1.96%) Go
14 6 (1.18%) Shell Script
15 4 (0.79%) VB
16 1 (0.20%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 406 (79.76%) CISSP
2 235 (46.17%) CISM
3 224 (44.01%) GIAC
4 183 (35.95%) SSCP
5 144 (28.29%) CISA
6 141 (27.70%) CompTIA Security+
7 131 (25.74%) Cisco Certification
8 130 (25.54%) CSSLP
9 97 (19.06%) MCSE
9 97 (19.06%) Microsoft Certification
10 94 (18.47%) CEH
11 92 (18.07%) Security Cleared
12 91 (17.88%) CCNA
13 62 (12.18%) DV Cleared
13 62 (12.18%) Network+ Certification
14 60 (11.79%) Linux+ Certification
15 46 (9.04%) Degree
16 45 (8.84%) CCNP
17 38 (7.47%) CCSP
17 38 (7.47%) ISSAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 145 (28.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 58 (11.39%) PCI DSS
3 44 (8.64%) GDPR
4 19 (3.73%) GCP
5 17 (3.34%) HIPAA
6 16 (3.14%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 13 (2.55%) Cyber Essentials
8 10 (1.96%) COBIT
9 8 (1.57%) GPG13
10 6 (1.18%) ISAE 3402
10 6 (1.18%) SLA
11 4 (0.79%) ISO 9001
11 4 (0.79%) Web Application Security Consortium
12 3 (0.59%) Actionable Recommendations
12 3 (0.59%) COSO
12 3 (0.59%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 3 (0.59%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 2 (0.39%) FIPS 140-2
13 2 (0.39%) PSD2
14 1 (0.20%) QA
System Software
1 47 (9.23%) Docker
2 40 (7.86%) vSphere
3 32 (6.29%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (3.14%) NFS
4 16 (3.14%) Samba
4 16 (3.14%) VMware ESXi
5 11 (2.16%) VMware NSX
6 9 (1.77%) Active Directory
7 5 (0.98%) VirtualBox
7 5 (0.98%) Xen
8 2 (0.39%) Snort
9 1 (0.20%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 61 (11.98%) Puppet
2 39 (7.66%) Salt
3 28 (5.50%) Nessus
3 28 (5.50%) RSA Security Analytics
4 19 (3.73%) Ansible
5 16 (3.14%) Nagios
5 16 (3.14%) vCenter Server
6 13 (2.55%) Single Sign-On
7 12 (2.36%) Nmap
8 10 (1.96%) Norton AntiVirus
9 8 (1.57%) CASB
9 8 (1.57%) Kubernetes
10 7 (1.38%) QRadar
11 6 (1.18%) Nexpose
11 6 (1.18%) Opscode Chef
12 5 (0.98%) Docker Swarm
12 5 (0.98%) OpenNMS
12 5 (0.98%) ZABBIX
13 3 (0.59%) Computer Incident Response Team
13 3 (0.59%) McAfee ePO
Vendors
1 158 (31.04%) Microsoft
2 91 (17.88%) Symantec
3 80 (15.72%) Cisco
4 65 (12.77%) VMware
5 51 (10.02%) Sophos
6 50 (9.82%) Red Hat
7 44 (8.64%) Splunk
8 36 (7.07%) Qualys
9 20 (3.93%) Forcepoint
9 20 (3.93%) McAfee
9 20 (3.93%) Rapid7
10 19 (3.73%) NetApp
11 16 (3.14%) EMC
11 16 (3.14%) SolarWinds
11 16 (3.14%) Veracode
12 14 (2.75%) ArcSight
12 14 (2.75%) LogRhythm
13 12 (2.36%) CheckPoint
13 12 (2.36%) Palo Alto
14 10 (1.96%) Fortinet