Period
to 26 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 26 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK
6 months to
26 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 693 799 652
Rank change year-on-year +106 -147 +107
Permanent jobs citing SANS 121 212 542
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.16% 0.17% 0.36%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.80% 0.79% 1.47%
Number of salaries quoted 117 188 409
Median annual salary £72,500 £62,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +16.00% +13.64% -4.35%
10th Percentile £47,500 £44,625 £42,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £86,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £67,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +22.73% +4.76% -0.94%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 15,075 26,736 36,888
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.26% 21.71% 24.37%
Number of salaries quoted 10,672 20,162 27,301
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £27,500 £26,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,500 £46,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +6.45% +3.33% +5.88%

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SANS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SANS.

Salary trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SANS over the 6 months to 26 February 2021.

Salary histogram for SANS in the UK

SANS
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the UK over the 6 months to 26 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +130 113 £72,500 +16.00% 19
London +142 62 £85,000 +13.33% 13
UK excluding London +109 53 £67,500 +22.73% 7
Work from Home -85 17 £90,000 - 2
South East +101 13 £80,000 +33.33%
Midlands +51 13 £72,000 +37.14% 3
North of England +52 12 £65,000 +18.18% 1
West Midlands +38 11 £70,000 +33.33% 2
East of England +88 8 £65,000 +18.18%
North West +51 5 £70,000 +27.27%
North East - 4 £56,250 - 1
Scotland - 4 £35,000 - 2
South West +39 3 £55,000 - 1
Yorkshire +22 3 £70,000 +53.01%
East Midlands - 2 £72,500 - 1

For the 6 months to 26 February 2021, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SANS.

1 83 (68.60%) CISSP
2 75 (61.98%) Cybersecurity
3 50 (41.32%) Information Security
4 42 (34.71%) Security Operations
5 38 (31.40%) Firewall
5 38 (31.40%) GIAC
6 35 (28.93%) OWASP
7 33 (27.27%) SIEM
8 32 (26.45%) NIST
9 31 (25.62%) Threat Intelligence
9 31 (25.62%) Security Cleared
9 31 (25.62%) CISM
10 24 (19.83%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
10 24 (19.83%) Docker
11 23 (19.01%) Linux
11 23 (19.01%) Finance
11 23 (19.01%) Agile Software Development
11 23 (19.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 21 (17.36%) Penetration Testing
12 21 (17.36%) Python
13 20 (16.53%) Vulnerability Management
13 20 (16.53%) Test Automation
13 20 (16.53%) Analytical Skills
14 19 (15.70%) Security Architecture
14 19 (15.70%) Ethical Hacking
14 19 (15.70%) Risk Assessment
15 18 (14.88%) Cisco Certification
15 18 (14.88%) CEH
15 18 (14.88%) AWS
15 18 (14.88%) Git (software)

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (4.96%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 15 (12.40%) InVision
1 15 (12.40%) Sketch
2 6 (4.96%) Gephi
3 3 (2.48%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.83%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.83%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 1 (0.83%) SAP Oil and Gas
1 1 (0.83%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 18 (14.88%) AWS
2 12 (9.92%) Microsoft 365
3 6 (4.96%) Azure
4 2 (1.65%) Sumo Logic
5 1 (0.83%) Amazon GuardDuty
5 1 (0.83%) Cloud Computing
5 1 (0.83%) GCP
5 1 (0.83%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 38 (31.40%) Firewall
2 17 (14.05%) VPN
3 10 (8.26%) Intrusion Detection
3 10 (8.26%) IPsec
4 8 (6.61%) DNS
4 8 (6.61%) HTTP
5 7 (5.79%) SAN
6 6 (4.96%) Ethernet
6 6 (4.96%) MPLS
6 6 (4.96%) SSL
7 5 (4.13%) Network Security
8 2 (1.65%) CHAP
8 2 (1.65%) Internet
8 2 (1.65%) TCP/IP
8 2 (1.65%) Wireless
9 1 (0.83%) DHCP
9 1 (0.83%) FTP
9 1 (0.83%) LAN
9 1 (0.83%) SMTP
9 1 (0.83%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (6.61%) Big Data
2 6 (4.96%) Apache Hive
2 6 (4.96%) Impala
3 2 (1.65%) Blockchain
3 2 (1.65%) DB2
Development Applications
1 18 (14.88%) Git (software)
2 15 (12.40%) Cypress.io
2 15 (12.40%) PostCSS
2 15 (12.40%) Selenium
3 6 (4.96%) Bitbucket
3 6 (4.96%) Bitbucket Server
3 6 (4.96%) git-flow
3 6 (4.96%) JIRA
4 1 (0.83%) Burp Suite
4 1 (0.83%) IDA Disassembler
General
1 23 (19.01%) Finance
2 11 (9.09%) Legal
3 8 (6.61%) Marketing
4 7 (5.79%) Public Sector
5 4 (3.31%) Banking
5 4 (3.31%) Manufacturing
5 4 (3.31%) Telecoms
6 2 (1.65%) Electronics
6 2 (1.65%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.83%) Aerospace
7 1 (0.83%) Automotive
7 1 (0.83%) Law
7 1 (0.83%) Retail
Job Titles
1 31 (25.62%) Analyst
2 15 (12.40%) Developer
2 15 (12.40%) React Developer
3 14 (11.57%) Full Stack Developer
3 14 (11.57%) SOC Analyst
4 13 (10.74%) Security Engineer
5 12 (9.92%) Architect
5 12 (9.92%) Java Developer
5 12 (9.92%) Security Architect
6 11 (9.09%) Security Manager
7 10 (8.26%) Penetration Tester
7 10 (8.26%) Tester
8 9 (7.44%) Cybersecurity Manager
8 9 (7.44%) Information Officer
8 9 (7.44%) Information Security Officer
8 9 (7.44%) Security Analyst
8 9 (7.44%) Security Officer
9 8 (6.61%) Ethical Hacker
10 7 (5.79%) IT Security Engineer
10 7 (5.79%) Senior Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (12.40%) CSS
1 15 (12.40%) CSS3
1 15 (12.40%) GraphQL
1 15 (12.40%) HTML
1 15 (12.40%) HTML5
1 15 (12.40%) Puppeteer
1 15 (12.40%) React
1 15 (12.40%) Sass
1 15 (12.40%) Spring
1 15 (12.40%) Spring Boot
1 15 (12.40%) Twitter Bootstrap
1 15 (12.40%) Web Components
2 7 (5.79%) Middleware
3 6 (4.96%) Elastic Stack
3 6 (4.96%) Kafka
4 5 (4.13%) AngularJS
5 4 (3.31%) Node.js
6 2 (1.65%) Web Services
7 1 (0.83%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 20 (16.53%) Analytical Skills
2 15 (12.40%) User Experience
3 14 (11.57%) Cyberthreat
4 11 (9.09%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
4 11 (9.09%) PKI
5 10 (8.26%) Public Cloud
6 9 (7.44%) Self-Motivation
7 8 (6.61%) Management Information System
8 7 (5.79%) Cyber Kill Chain
9 6 (4.96%) Analytical Mindset
10 5 (4.13%) Cyber Defence
11 4 (3.31%) Anti-Piracy
11 4 (3.31%) FMCG
11 4 (3.31%) Security Operations Centre
12 2 (1.65%) Blog
12 2 (1.65%) Data Centre
12 2 (1.65%) Enterprise Storage
12 2 (1.65%) Virtual Team
13 1 (0.83%) Cyberattack
13 1 (0.83%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 23 (19.01%) Linux
2 16 (13.22%) Unix
3 15 (12.40%) Windows
4 10 (8.26%) Mac OS
5 4 (3.31%) Mac OS X
6 3 (2.48%) Ubuntu
7 2 (1.65%) AIX
7 2 (1.65%) Apple iOS
7 2 (1.65%) CentOS
7 2 (1.65%) Fedora
7 2 (1.65%) Kali Linux
7 2 (1.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.83%) Android
8 1 (0.83%) MVS
8 1 (0.83%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 75 (61.98%) Cybersecurity
2 50 (41.32%) Information Security
3 42 (34.71%) Security Operations
4 35 (28.93%) OWASP
5 33 (27.27%) SIEM
6 31 (25.62%) Threat Intelligence
7 24 (19.83%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
8 23 (19.01%) Agile Software Development
9 21 (17.36%) Penetration Testing
10 20 (16.53%) Test Automation
10 20 (16.53%) Vulnerability Management
11 19 (15.70%) Ethical Hacking
11 19 (15.70%) Risk Assessment
11 19 (15.70%) Security Architecture
12 18 (14.88%) Analytics
12 18 (14.88%) Security Monitoring
13 16 (13.22%) DevSecOps
13 16 (13.22%) SABSA
14 15 (12.40%) DevOps
14 15 (12.40%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 21 (17.36%) Python
2 16 (13.22%) Java
2 16 (13.22%) JavaScript
3 15 (12.40%) ES6
3 15 (12.40%) ES7
3 15 (12.40%) Kotlin
3 15 (12.40%) Scala
3 15 (12.40%) TypeScript
4 10 (8.26%) Bash Shell
4 10 (8.26%) PowerShell
5 8 (6.61%) C
6 7 (5.79%) Perl
7 6 (4.96%) R
8 1 (0.83%) C#
8 1 (0.83%) C++
8 1 (0.83%) PHP
8 1 (0.83%) Ruby
8 1 (0.83%) SQL
Qualifications
1 83 (68.60%) CISSP
2 38 (31.40%) GIAC
3 31 (25.62%) CISM
3 31 (25.62%) Security Cleared
4 18 (14.88%) CEH
4 18 (14.88%) Cisco Certification
5 17 (14.05%) CompTIA Security+
5 17 (14.05%) SSCP
6 16 (13.22%) SC Cleared
7 14 (11.57%) DV Cleared
8 11 (9.09%) CESG Certified Professional
8 11 (9.09%) OSCP
9 10 (8.26%) CEPT
9 10 (8.26%) CRISC
9 10 (8.26%) EC-Council LPT
9 10 (8.26%) GXPN
9 10 (8.26%) OSCE
10 9 (7.44%) CREST Certified
10 9 (7.44%) GCIH
10 9 (7.44%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (26.45%) NIST
2 23 (19.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 15 (12.40%) QA
3 15 (12.40%) WCAG
4 13 (10.74%) GDPR
5 10 (8.26%) PCI DSS
6 8 (6.61%) NCSC
7 6 (4.96%) COBIT
7 6 (4.96%) Government Security Classifications
7 6 (4.96%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 6 (4.96%) ISO/IEC 27005
7 6 (4.96%) JSP 440
7 6 (4.96%) NIST 800
7 6 (4.96%) PA-DSS
7 6 (4.96%) RMADS
8 5 (4.13%) SLA
9 2 (1.65%) Cyber Essentials
10 1 (0.83%) GLBA
System Software
1 24 (19.83%) Docker
2 6 (4.96%) Apache Flume
3 3 (2.48%) Active Directory
3 3 (2.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (1.65%) NFS
4 2 (1.65%) Samba
4 2 (1.65%) VirtualBox
4 2 (1.65%) VMware ESXi
4 2 (1.65%) Xen
Systems Management
1 14 (11.57%) Kubernetes
2 10 (8.26%) Terraform
3 6 (4.96%) Kibana
3 6 (4.96%) Oozie
4 4 (3.31%) CSIRT
5 3 (2.48%) Ansible
5 3 (2.48%) Norton AntiVirus
5 3 (2.48%) QRadar
6 2 (1.65%) Demisto
6 2 (1.65%) Docker Swarm
6 2 (1.65%) Nagios
6 2 (1.65%) Nessus
6 2 (1.65%) OpenNMS
6 2 (1.65%) Puppet
6 2 (1.65%) vCenter Server
6 2 (1.65%) ZABBIX
7 1 (0.83%) CASB
7 1 (0.83%) EnCase
7 1 (0.83%) Host Intrusion Detection System
7 1 (0.83%) SCCM
Vendors
1 17 (14.05%) Splunk
2 9 (7.44%) Microsoft
3 6 (4.96%) BT
4 5 (4.13%) Google
4 5 (4.13%) LogRhythm
5 4 (3.31%) IBM
6 3 (2.48%) Carbon Black
6 3 (2.48%) Citrix
6 3 (2.48%) Forcepoint
6 3 (2.48%) Proofpoint
6 3 (2.48%) Red Hat
6 3 (2.48%) SAP
6 3 (2.48%) Sophos
6 3 (2.48%) Symantec
6 3 (2.48%) VMware
7 2 (1.65%) ArcSight
7 2 (1.65%) Bomgar
7 2 (1.65%) Cloudera
7 2 (1.65%) Hortonworks
7 2 (1.65%) NetWitness