Period
to 16 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 16 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK
6 months to
16 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 659 895 770
Rank change year-on-year +236 -125 +201
Permanent jobs citing SANS 553 289 494
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.34% 0.16% 0.26%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.42% 0.67% 0.98%
Number of salaries quoted 368 218 424
UK median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.35% +4.55% -8.33%
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,925 £41,250
90th Percentile £82,875 £87,500 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year - -13.64% -4.35%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 39,073 42,837 50,484
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.73% 24.43% 26.50%
Number of salaries quoted 28,942 32,917 40,623
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.38% +4.44% -
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,000 £26,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SANS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SANS.

Salary trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SANS over the 6 months to 16 October 2018.

Salary histogram for SANS in the UK

SANS
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the UK over the 6 months to 16 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +245 529 £52,500 -8.70% 53
UK excluding London +228 384 £47,500 - 30
London +53 153 £65,000 +4.00% 24
East of England +132 132 £42,500 -10.53% 4
North of England +78 89 £45,000 -18.18% 10
North West +77 85 £45,000 -5.26% 6
South East +72 81 £55,000 -31.25% 4
South West +9 44 £45,000 - 9
Midlands +30 21 £57,500 +49.35% 2
West Midlands +32 9 £43,750 +13.64% 2
East Midlands -7 8 £70,000 -30.00%
Wales - 8 £60,000 -
Northern Ireland - 5 £62,500 -
Yorkshire +16 4 £77,500 +24.00% 4
Scotland +2 4 £60,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 16 October 2018, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SANS.

1 436 (78.84%) CISSP
2 291 (52.62%) Cybersecurity
3 262 (47.38%) Information Security
4 240 (43.40%) SIEM
5 237 (42.86%) GIAC
6 233 (42.13%) Windows
7 229 (41.41%) Microsoft
8 213 (38.52%) Penetration Testing
9 203 (36.71%) SSCP
10 199 (35.99%) Linux
11 188 (34.00%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 185 (33.45%) CISM
13 183 (33.09%) Security Operations
14 170 (30.74%) Firewall
15 151 (27.31%) CompTIA Security+
16 145 (26.22%) Cisco Certification
17 141 (25.50%) Cisco
18 134 (24.23%) VMware
19 132 (23.87%) CISA
20 123 (22.24%) Microsoft Certification
21 122 (22.06%) MCSE
21 122 (22.06%) Vulnerability Management
22 121 (21.88%) CSSLP
23 109 (19.71%) Mentoring
24 108 (19.53%) Finance
25 106 (19.17%) Security Cleared
26 100 (18.08%) OWASP
26 100 (18.08%) Cyber Kill Chain
27 99 (17.90%) PCI DSS
28 98 (17.72%) Management Information System

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (8.14%) Apache Pig
2 5 (0.90%) Confluence
3 1 (0.18%) Apache
3 1 (0.18%) CMS
3 1 (0.18%) Exchange Server 2013
3 1 (0.18%) IIS
3 1 (0.18%) JBoss
3 1 (0.18%) MS Exchange
3 1 (0.18%) Skype for Business
3 1 (0.18%) Tomcat
Applications
1 57 (10.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Cloud Services
1 31 (5.61%) Amazon AWS
2 21 (3.80%) Office 365
3 19 (3.44%) Mimecast
4 15 (2.71%) Microsoft Azure
5 12 (2.17%) Google Cloud Platform
6 8 (1.45%) Serverless
7 6 (1.08%) SaaS
8 5 (0.90%) AWS CloudFormation
9 2 (0.36%) Google Drive
9 2 (0.36%) IaaS
9 2 (0.36%) PaaS
10 1 (0.18%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 170 (30.74%) Firewall
2 93 (16.82%) Network Security
3 86 (15.55%) TCP/IP
4 76 (13.74%) Intrusion Detection
5 59 (10.67%) Wi-Fi
6 53 (9.58%) SSL
7 51 (9.22%) HTTP
8 32 (5.79%) Wireshark
9 20 (3.62%) DKIM
9 20 (3.62%) DMARC
10 19 (3.44%) Internet
11 15 (2.71%) FCoE
11 15 (2.71%) SNMP
12 11 (1.99%) Wireless
13 8 (1.45%) Cisco Firepower
14 7 (1.27%) VoIP
15 6 (1.08%) ATM
15 6 (1.08%) IPsec
15 6 (1.08%) VPN
16 5 (0.90%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (10.49%) Big Data
2 46 (8.32%) Hadoop
3 45 (8.14%) Apache Hive
4 43 (7.78%) MySQL
4 43 (7.78%) SQL Server
5 1 (0.18%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 63 (11.39%) JIRA
2 49 (8.86%) Git (software)
3 43 (7.78%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 43 (7.78%) Bitbucket
3 43 (7.78%) CodeSonar
3 43 (7.78%) git-flow
3 43 (7.78%) Robot Framework
3 43 (7.78%) Selenium
4 15 (2.71%) Redmine
5 14 (2.53%) Metasploit
6 6 (1.08%) Jenkins
7 5 (0.90%) Subversion
8 3 (0.54%) Burp Suite
9 1 (0.18%) AppScan
9 1 (0.18%) SoapUI
9 1 (0.18%) SpecFlow
9 1 (0.18%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 108 (19.53%) Finance
2 85 (15.37%) Retail
3 80 (14.47%) Legal
4 22 (3.98%) Games
5 9 (1.63%) Banking
6 6 (1.08%) Marketing
6 6 (1.08%) Telecoms
7 5 (0.90%) Local Government
7 5 (0.90%) Welsh Language
8 4 (0.72%) Pharmaceutical
9 3 (0.54%) French Language
9 3 (0.54%) Investment Banking
9 3 (0.54%) Law
10 2 (0.36%) Aerospace
10 2 (0.36%) Electronics
10 2 (0.36%) Financial Institution
10 2 (0.36%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.18%) Automotive
11 1 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 214 (38.70%) Analyst
2 140 (25.32%) Security Analyst
3 102 (18.44%) Senior Analyst
4 86 (15.55%) Senior Security Analyst
5 82 (14.83%) Security Engineer
6 66 (11.93%) IT Analyst
6 66 (11.93%) IT Security Analyst
7 64 (11.57%) Senior IT Security Analyst
8 60 (10.85%) SOC Analyst
9 44 (7.96%) Security Manager
10 43 (7.78%) Software Engineer
11 42 (7.59%) Architect
12 41 (7.41%) Security Architect
13 39 (7.05%) Java Engineer
14 38 (6.87%) C++ Software Engineer
14 38 (6.87%) Java Software Engineer
15 37 (6.69%) Consultant
16 32 (5.79%) C# Software Engineer
16 32 (5.79%) Cybersecurity Analyst
16 32 (5.79%) SIEM Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 52 (9.40%) REST
2 50 (9.04%) Java EE
3 48 (8.68%) LAMP
3 48 (8.68%) STL
4 47 (8.50%) Node.js
4 47 (8.50%) SOAP
5 46 (8.32%) .NET
6 44 (7.96%) ASP.NET
7 43 (7.78%) .NET Framework
7 43 (7.78%) Django
7 43 (7.78%) RabbitMQ
7 43 (7.78%) Spring MVC
8 12 (2.17%) Web Services
9 8 (1.45%) Regular Expression
10 7 (1.27%) HTML
10 7 (1.27%) JSON
11 6 (1.08%) CSS
12 5 (0.90%) SAML
13 2 (0.36%) XML
14 1 (0.18%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 100 (18.08%) Cyber Kill Chain
2 98 (17.72%) Management Information System
3 95 (17.18%) Security Operations Centre
4 65 (11.75%) Analytical Skills
5 39 (7.05%) PKI
6 37 (6.69%) Computer Science
7 35 (6.33%) Self-Motivation
8 33 (5.97%) Cyberthreat
9 24 (4.34%) Data Centre
10 17 (3.07%) Algorithms
11 12 (2.17%) Cyber Defence
12 11 (1.99%) Fintech
13 10 (1.81%) CESG
13 10 (1.81%) Cyberattack
14 8 (1.45%) Enterprise Storage
15 7 (1.27%) Data Structures
16 5 (0.90%) Cybercrime
16 5 (0.90%) Enterprise Cloud
17 4 (0.72%) Cloud Native
17 4 (0.72%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
Operating Systems
1 233 (42.13%) Windows
2 199 (35.99%) Linux
3 80 (14.47%) Unix
4 48 (8.68%) Android
4 48 (8.68%) Apple iOS
5 47 (8.50%) Mac OS X
6 14 (2.53%) CentOS
6 14 (2.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 12 (2.17%) Kali Linux
8 8 (1.45%) Fedora
8 8 (1.45%) Ubuntu
9 5 (0.90%) Solaris
10 1 (0.18%) AIX
10 1 (0.18%) Debian
10 1 (0.18%) HPUX
10 1 (0.18%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.18%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 291 (52.62%) Cybersecurity
2 262 (47.38%) Information Security
3 240 (43.40%) SIEM
4 213 (38.52%) Penetration Testing
5 183 (33.09%) Security Operations
6 122 (22.06%) Vulnerability Management
7 109 (19.71%) Mentoring
8 100 (18.08%) OWASP
9 96 (17.36%) Reverse Engineering
10 89 (16.09%) Due Diligence
11 86 (15.55%) Threat Analysis
12 83 (15.01%) Risk Management
13 81 (14.65%) Problem-Solving
14 78 (14.10%) Threat Intelligence
15 77 (13.92%) Data Loss Prevention
16 74 (13.38%) Ethical Hacking
16 74 (13.38%) Security Architecture
17 72 (13.02%) Software Engineering
18 68 (12.30%) Agile Software Development
19 66 (11.93%) Business Continuity
Programming Languages
1 94 (17.00%) Python
2 80 (14.47%) C
3 79 (14.29%) Bash Shell
4 75 (13.56%) SQL
5 70 (12.66%) Java
6 62 (11.21%) PowerShell
7 59 (10.67%) C++
8 56 (10.13%) PHP
9 53 (9.58%) C#
10 51 (9.22%) JavaScript
11 49 (8.86%) Objective-C
12 35 (6.33%) Perl
13 25 (4.52%) Ruby
14 17 (3.07%) Go
15 15 (2.71%) Korn
16 6 (1.08%) VB
17 3 (0.54%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 436 (78.84%) CISSP
2 237 (42.86%) GIAC
3 203 (36.71%) SSCP
4 185 (33.45%) CISM
5 151 (27.31%) CompTIA Security+
6 145 (26.22%) Cisco Certification
7 132 (23.87%) CISA
8 123 (22.24%) Microsoft Certification
9 122 (22.06%) MCSE
10 121 (21.88%) CSSLP
11 106 (19.17%) Security Cleared
12 93 (16.82%) CREST Certified
13 89 (16.09%) CCNA
14 78 (14.10%) CEH
15 76 (13.74%) Network+ Certification
16 74 (13.38%) DV Cleared
17 73 (13.20%) Linux+ Certification
18 57 (10.31%) CCNP
19 53 (9.58%) (ISC)2 CCSP
19 53 (9.58%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 188 (34.00%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 99 (17.90%) PCI DSS
3 90 (16.27%) GDPR
4 21 (3.80%) Cyber Essentials
5 14 (2.53%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 11 (1.99%) GPG13
7 4 (0.72%) COBIT
7 4 (0.72%) FIPS 140-2
7 4 (0.72%) SLA
8 3 (0.54%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.36%) Actionable Recommendations
9 2 (0.36%) COSO
9 2 (0.36%) HIPAA
9 2 (0.36%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 2 (0.36%) NIST 800
10 1 (0.18%) ISO 31000
10 1 (0.18%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.18%) Web Application Security Consortium
System Software
1 87 (15.73%) VMware Infrastructure
2 57 (10.31%) Docker
3 44 (7.96%) vSphere
4 23 (4.16%) NFS
4 23 (4.16%) Samba
4 23 (4.16%) VMware ESXi
5 15 (2.71%) VMware NSX
6 8 (1.45%) VirtualBox
6 8 (1.45%) Xen
7 5 (0.90%) Active Directory
8 3 (0.54%) Snort
9 1 (0.18%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 72 (13.02%) Puppet
2 43 (7.78%) Salt
3 34 (6.15%) RSA Security Analytics
4 30 (5.42%) Nessus
5 28 (5.06%) Ansible
6 23 (4.16%) Nagios
6 23 (4.16%) vCenter Server
7 19 (3.44%) Nmap
8 14 (2.53%) Kubernetes
9 13 (2.35%) Host Intrusion Detection System
10 12 (2.17%) Norton AntiVirus
11 8 (1.45%) CASB
11 8 (1.45%) CSIRT
11 8 (1.45%) Docker Swarm
11 8 (1.45%) OpenNMS
11 8 (1.45%) ZABBIX
12 6 (1.08%) Nexpose
12 6 (1.08%) Opscode Chef
12 6 (1.08%) QRadar
13 5 (0.90%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 229 (41.41%) Microsoft
2 141 (25.50%) Cisco
3 134 (24.23%) VMware
4 93 (16.82%) Symantec
5 62 (11.21%) Red Hat
6 54 (9.76%) Splunk
7 52 (9.40%) Sophos
8 33 (5.97%) Qualys
9 24 (4.34%) EMC
9 24 (4.34%) Forcepoint
9 24 (4.34%) NetApp
10 23 (4.16%) SolarWinds
11 14 (2.53%) McAfee
11 14 (2.53%) Rapid7
12 12 (2.17%) LogRhythm
12 12 (2.17%) Netsparker
13 10 (1.81%) ArcSight
13 10 (1.81%) Google
14 9 (1.63%) Dell
15 8 (1.45%) Hortonworks