Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 844 597 856
Rank change year-on-year -247 +259 -164
Permanent jobs citing SANS 208 105 221
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.16% 0.21% 0.16%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.75% 0.99% 0.70%
Number of salaries quoted 139 83 188
10th Percentile £47,500 £41,250 £41,250
25th Percentile £60,000 £45,311 £45,938
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £50,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +50.00% -16.67% +14.29%
75th Percentile £91,250 £73,125 £85,000
90th Percentile £102,800 £94,250 £97,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year - +18.18% +21.55%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 27,563 10,564 31,445
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.68% 21.28% 22.95%
Number of salaries quoted 15,262 8,149 23,527
10th Percentile £31,000 £31,250 £27,000
25th Percentile £40,500 £41,250 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £71,250 £67,500
90th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,000 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -2.04% +8.89% -

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SANS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SANS.

Salary trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SANS over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for SANS in the UK

SANS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -264 171 £75,000 +50.00% 25
UK excluding London -201 88 £65,000 - 10
London -214 85 £85,000 +78.95% 15
South East -148 32 £62,500 -5.66% 3
Work from Home -244 31 £84,000 +15.86% 2
South West - 26 £42,500 - 1
Midlands -116 13 £63,750 +1.19% 1
West Midlands -92 11 £65,000 +3.17% 1
North of England -141 5 £70,000 +86.67% 5
Wales -58 4 £65,000 -
Northern Ireland - 4 £65,000 -
East of England -109 3 - -
East Midlands -71 2 £52,500 -27.59%
Yorkshire -95 2 £70,000 - 3
North West -109 2 - - 2
Scotland -85 1 - -
North East - 1 £70,000 -

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SANS.

1 136 (65.38%) Cybersecurity
2 121 (58.17%) Information Security
3 92 (44.23%) AWS
4 86 (41.35%) SIEM
5 85 (40.87%) CISSP
6 73 (35.10%) Social Skills
7 70 (33.65%) Azure
8 65 (31.25%) Python
9 63 (30.29%) Windows
9 63 (30.29%) Agile Software Development
10 62 (29.81%) Linux
10 62 (29.81%) Degree
11 60 (28.85%) Risk Management
12 59 (28.37%) GCIA
12 59 (28.37%) DevOps
13 57 (27.40%) GCIH
14 54 (25.96%) JavaScript
15 49 (23.56%) Firewall
15 49 (23.56%) Analytics
16 47 (22.60%) Mentoring
17 46 (22.12%) CISM
18 44 (21.15%) Mac OS
19 42 (20.19%) Continuous Improvement
19 42 (20.19%) Security Architecture
19 42 (20.19%) Microsoft
19 42 (20.19%) Azure Sentinel
20 41 (19.71%) PowerShell
21 40 (19.23%) Serverless
22 39 (18.75%) OWASP
22 39 (18.75%) C#

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (3.85%) IIS
Applications
1 15 (7.21%) InVision
1 15 (7.21%) Sketch
2 3 (1.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.44%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (1.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 34 (16.35%) Sentinel
2 7 (3.37%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 92 (44.23%) AWS
2 70 (33.65%) Azure
3 42 (20.19%) Azure Sentinel
4 40 (19.23%) Serverless
5 34 (16.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 34 (16.35%) Amazon GuardDuty
5 34 (16.35%) Amazon S3
5 34 (16.35%) AWS CloudTrail
5 34 (16.35%) AWS Lambda
5 34 (16.35%) Azure Logic Apps
5 34 (16.35%) CloudFront
6 17 (8.17%) Microsoft 365
7 16 (7.69%) SaaS
8 8 (3.85%) Cloud Computing
8 8 (3.85%) GCP
8 8 (3.85%) Power Platform
9 7 (3.37%) IaaS
9 7 (3.37%) PaaS
10 6 (2.88%) Akamai
10 6 (2.88%) Google Workspace
Communications & Networking
1 49 (23.56%) Firewall
2 16 (7.69%) Internet
3 14 (6.73%) Network Security
4 13 (6.25%) SAN
5 11 (5.29%) Intrusion Detection
6 10 (4.81%) TCP/IP
7 9 (4.33%) DNS
7 9 (4.33%) HTTP
7 9 (4.33%) VPN
8 5 (2.40%) MQTT
9 3 (1.44%) 802.11
9 3 (1.44%) DHCP
9 3 (1.44%) HTTPS
9 3 (1.44%) SNMP
9 3 (1.44%) SSL
10 2 (0.96%) Kerberos
10 2 (0.96%) LAN
10 2 (0.96%) SMTP
10 2 (0.96%) WAN
10 2 (0.96%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (3.85%) Power BI
2 6 (2.88%) MySQL
2 6 (2.88%) SQL Server
3 5 (2.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 5 (2.40%) NoSQL
4 4 (1.92%) Amazon Redshift
5 2 (0.96%) DB2
5 2 (0.96%) Relational Database
6 1 (0.48%) Big Data
6 1 (0.48%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 15 (7.21%) Burp Suite
1 15 (7.21%) Cypress.io
1 15 (7.21%) Git (software)
1 15 (7.21%) PostCSS
1 15 (7.21%) Selenium
2 8 (3.85%) Metasploit
3 2 (0.96%) AppScan
4 1 (0.48%) Eclipse
4 1 (0.48%) GitLab
4 1 (0.48%) Jenkins
4 1 (0.48%) SonarQube
General
1 73 (35.10%) Social Skills
2 34 (16.35%) Finance
3 20 (9.62%) Presentation Skills
4 16 (7.69%) Banking
5 12 (5.77%) Back Office
6 10 (4.81%) French Language
7 7 (3.37%) Retail
8 6 (2.88%) Analytical Skills
8 6 (2.88%) Games
9 4 (1.92%) Law
9 4 (1.92%) Legal
9 4 (1.92%) Manufacturing
9 4 (1.92%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.48%) Aerospace
10 1 (0.48%) Influencing Skills
10 1 (0.48%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 68 (32.69%) Security Engineer
2 46 (22.12%) Cybersecurity Engineer
3 26 (12.50%) Analyst
4 21 (10.10%) Security Manager
5 20 (9.62%) Architect
6 19 (9.13%) Consultant
7 17 (8.17%) Information Manager
7 17 (8.17%) Information Security Manager
7 17 (8.17%) Security Analyst
7 17 (8.17%) SOC Analyst
8 15 (7.21%) Developer
8 15 (7.21%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 15 (7.21%) React Developer
9 14 (6.73%) Security Architect
10 13 (6.25%) Senior Developer
10 13 (6.25%) Senior Front-End Developer
10 13 (6.25%) Senior React Developer
11 11 (5.29%) Lead Architect
12 10 (4.81%) Security Consultant
12 10 (4.81%) Senior Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 34 (16.35%) JSON
1 34 (16.35%) XML
2 20 (9.62%) GraphQL
3 16 (7.69%) CSS
3 16 (7.69%) CSS3
3 16 (7.69%) HTML
3 16 (7.69%) HTML5
3 16 (7.69%) React
4 15 (7.21%) Puppeteer
4 15 (7.21%) Sass
4 15 (7.21%) Spring
4 15 (7.21%) Spring Boot
4 15 (7.21%) Twitter Bootstrap
4 15 (7.21%) Web Components
5 14 (6.73%) Node.js
6 12 (5.77%) SAML
7 9 (4.33%) OpenID
8 5 (2.40%) JWT
8 5 (2.40%) Kafka
8 5 (2.40%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 23 (11.06%) Management Information System
2 16 (7.69%) User Experience
3 13 (6.25%) Cyberthreat
4 10 (4.81%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
5 9 (4.33%) Cyber Kill Chain
6 8 (3.85%) Self-Motivation
6 8 (3.85%) Virtual Team
7 6 (2.88%) Data Protection Act
7 6 (2.88%) Public Cloud
8 4 (1.92%) Cyber Defence
8 4 (1.92%) Cyberattack
9 3 (1.44%) Greenfield Project
9 3 (1.44%) Mobile App
9 3 (1.44%) PKI
9 3 (1.44%) SCADA
10 2 (0.96%) CESG
10 2 (0.96%) Mainframe
10 2 (0.96%) Security Operations Centre
11 1 (0.48%) Blog
11 1 (0.48%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 63 (30.29%) Windows
2 62 (29.81%) Linux
3 44 (21.15%) Mac OS
4 5 (2.40%) Unix
5 4 (1.92%) Windows Server
6 3 (1.44%) Kali Linux
6 3 (1.44%) Windows 10
6 3 (1.44%) Windows Server 2012
7 2 (0.96%) AIX
7 2 (0.96%) zOS
8 1 (0.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 136 (65.38%) Cybersecurity
2 121 (58.17%) Information Security
3 86 (41.35%) SIEM
4 63 (30.29%) Agile Software Development
5 60 (28.85%) Risk Management
6 59 (28.37%) DevOps
7 49 (23.56%) Analytics
8 47 (22.60%) Mentoring
9 42 (20.19%) Continuous Improvement
9 42 (20.19%) Security Architecture
10 39 (18.75%) OWASP
11 36 (17.31%) API Integration
11 36 (17.31%) Identity Management
12 34 (16.35%) Data Analytics
12 34 (16.35%) Visualisation
13 31 (14.90%) Penetration Testing
14 30 (14.42%) Computer Science
15 27 (12.98%) Test Automation
16 25 (12.02%) Security Operations
17 24 (11.54%) Vulnerability Management
Programming Languages
1 65 (31.25%) Python
2 54 (25.96%) JavaScript
3 41 (19.71%) PowerShell
4 39 (18.75%) C#
5 37 (17.79%) Ruby
6 35 (16.83%) Perl
7 34 (16.35%) VB
8 21 (10.10%) Java
9 16 (7.69%) ES6
9 16 (7.69%) ES7
10 15 (7.21%) Java 11
10 15 (7.21%) Kotlin
10 15 (7.21%) Scala
10 15 (7.21%) TypeScript
11 14 (6.73%) Go
12 9 (4.33%) C
13 5 (2.40%) Bash Shell
14 4 (1.92%) SQL
15 3 (1.44%) Lua
16 1 (0.48%) C++
Qualifications
1 85 (40.87%) CISSP
2 62 (29.81%) Degree
3 59 (28.37%) GCIA
4 57 (27.40%) GCIH
5 46 (22.12%) CISM
6 37 (17.79%) CompTIA Security+
6 37 (17.79%) GIAC
7 35 (16.83%) GCFA
8 34 (16.35%) GCFE
9 25 (12.02%) CEH
10 24 (11.54%) CISA
10 24 (11.54%) GSEC
10 24 (11.54%) OSCP
11 18 (8.65%) SC Cleared
11 18 (8.65%) Security Cleared
12 15 (7.21%) CREST Certified
13 11 (5.29%) Computer Science Degree
14 9 (4.33%) Cisco Certification
15 8 (3.85%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 8 (3.85%) GPEN
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (18.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 36 (17.31%) NIST
3 24 (11.54%) QA
4 23 (11.06%) GDPR
5 22 (10.58%) PCI DSS
6 16 (7.69%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 16 (7.69%) NCSC
7 15 (7.21%) WCAG
8 12 (5.77%) SOC 1
8 12 (5.77%) SOC 2
8 12 (5.77%) SOC 3
9 9 (4.33%) SLA
10 7 (3.37%) GRC
11 6 (2.88%) COBIT
12 5 (2.40%) Cyber Essentials
13 4 (1.92%) Actionable Recommendations
13 4 (1.92%) COSO
13 4 (1.92%) HIPAA
14 1 (0.48%) GPG13
14 1 (0.48%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 16 (7.69%) Docker
2 10 (4.81%) Active Directory
3 6 (2.88%) Firmware
4 2 (0.96%) OpenAM
4 2 (0.96%) OpenIDM
4 2 (0.96%) RACF
5 1 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 29 (13.94%) Kubernetes
2 11 (5.29%) QRadar
3 10 (4.81%) Kibana
3 10 (4.81%) Nessus
4 7 (3.37%) Nmap
4 7 (3.37%) Single Sign-On
5 5 (2.40%) Computer Incident Response Team
6 3 (1.44%) Active Directory Federation Services
7 2 (0.96%) CA Single Sign-On
7 2 (0.96%) HP Fortify
7 2 (0.96%) Oracle Identity Management
7 2 (0.96%) WebInspect
8 1 (0.48%) Ansible
8 1 (0.48%) Graylog
8 1 (0.48%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (0.48%) Puppet
8 1 (0.48%) Terraform
Vendors
1 42 (20.19%) Microsoft
2 22 (10.58%) Splunk
3 10 (4.81%) Carbon Black
4 9 (4.33%) Google
5 8 (3.85%) AlienVault
6 7 (3.37%) Oracle
7 6 (2.88%) Okta
8 5 (2.40%) Cisco
8 5 (2.40%) CyberArk
8 5 (2.40%) ForgeRock
9 4 (1.92%) LogRhythm
10 2 (0.96%) Apple
10 2 (0.96%) CA
10 2 (0.96%) JD Edwards
10 2 (0.96%) Palo Alto
10 2 (0.96%) Tanium
11 1 (0.48%) CrowdStrike
11 1 (0.48%) Red Hat
11 1 (0.48%) Remedy
11 1 (0.48%) Veracode