Period
to 18 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 18 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK
6 months to
18 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 763 734 856
Rank change year-on-year -29 +122 +15
Permanent jobs citing SANS 317 511 369
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.22% 0.29% 0.21%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.90% 1.23% 0.84%
Number of salaries quoted 259 361 271
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% -4.17% -
10th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £36,750
90th Percentile £95,250 £90,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 35,186 41,521 44,054
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 24.25% 23.78% 24.81%
Number of salaries quoted 25,500 30,926 34,167
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +11.11% -2.17%
10th Percentile £26,500 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £44,666 £42,500
% change year-on-year +0.75% +5.10% -

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SANS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SANS.

Salary trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SANS over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Salary histogram for SANS in the UK

SANS
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the UK over the 6 months to 18 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -42 308 £60,000 +4.35% 35
London +49 157 £72,500 +7.41% 14
UK excluding London -66 153 £55,000 - 23
North of England +27 60 £60,000 +4.35% 5
Yorkshire +40 41 £80,000 +3.23% 4
South East -20 30 £50,000 -9.09% 1
South West +10 26 £55,000 +22.22% 3
Midlands +23 20 £60,000 -2.04% 6
North West +16 18 £60,000 +9.09% 1
West Midlands +25 15 £53,750 -10.42% 4
East of England +21 14 £50,000 +25.00% 6
Scotland +9 3 £58,500 -2.50%
East Midlands +13 2 £77,500 +10.71% 2
North East - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 18 July 2019, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SANS.

1 233 (73.50%) Cybersecurity
2 200 (63.09%) CISSP
3 159 (50.16%) Information Security
4 129 (40.69%) GIAC
5 109 (34.38%) Penetration Testing
6 105 (33.12%) Firewall
7 94 (29.65%) Degree
7 94 (29.65%) Security Operations
8 89 (28.08%) CISM
9 88 (27.76%) OWASP
10 85 (26.81%) Finance
11 83 (26.18%) Microsoft Azure
12 81 (25.55%) CEH
13 78 (24.61%) SIEM
14 76 (23.97%) Cisco Certification
15 75 (23.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
16 74 (23.34%) Amazon AWS
17 73 (23.03%) Windows
18 69 (21.77%) Linux
19 68 (21.45%) SSCP
19 68 (21.45%) CISA
20 62 (19.56%) Security Architecture
20 62 (19.56%) Vulnerability Management
21 60 (18.93%) Problem-Solving
22 57 (17.98%) NIST
22 57 (17.98%) Threat Intelligence
23 52 (16.40%) CompTIA Security+
24 50 (15.77%) CCNA
25 49 (15.46%) TCP/IP
26 48 (15.14%) Apple iOS

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (9.46%) Apache Spark
1 30 (9.46%) Elasticsearch
1 30 (9.46%) OpenStack
2 9 (2.84%) Confluence
3 2 (0.63%) Apache
3 2 (0.63%) IIS
3 2 (0.63%) WebSphere
4 1 (0.32%) ExpressionEngine
4 1 (0.32%) nginx
4 1 (0.32%) WordPress
Applications
1 2 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (0.63%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 83 (26.18%) Microsoft Azure
2 74 (23.34%) Amazon AWS
3 41 (12.93%) Google Cloud Platform
4 30 (9.46%) OpenShift
5 15 (4.73%) Office 365
6 12 (3.79%) IaaS
6 12 (3.79%) SaaS
7 11 (3.47%) PaaS
8 2 (0.63%) Akamai
8 2 (0.63%) Apigee
8 2 (0.63%) G Suite
9 1 (0.32%) Azure Active Directory
9 1 (0.32%) IBM Cloud
9 1 (0.32%) Mimecast
Communications & Networking
1 105 (33.12%) Firewall
2 49 (15.46%) TCP/IP
3 39 (12.30%) Intrusion Detection
4 33 (10.41%) HTTPS
5 28 (8.83%) Network Security
6 22 (6.94%) VPN
7 18 (5.68%) Internet
7 18 (5.68%) Sourcefire
8 11 (3.47%) VoIP
9 8 (2.52%) DNS
9 8 (2.52%) HTTP
9 8 (2.52%) MPLS
10 7 (2.21%) SMTP
11 6 (1.89%) VLAN
11 6 (1.89%) Wireless
12 5 (1.58%) SSL
13 4 (1.26%) Cisco Firepower
13 4 (1.26%) SNMP
13 4 (1.26%) WAN
14 3 (0.95%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 41 (12.93%) Big Data
2 6 (1.89%) MongoDB
3 5 (1.58%) DB2
4 3 (0.95%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 40 (12.62%) JIRA
2 39 (12.30%) Bitbucket
2 39 (12.30%) Git (software)
3 30 (9.46%) git-flow
4 13 (4.10%) Burp Suite
5 6 (1.89%) Jenkins
5 6 (1.89%) Metasploit
5 6 (1.89%) SonarQube
6 4 (1.26%) JUnit
6 4 (1.26%) Subversion
General
1 85 (26.81%) Finance
2 32 (10.09%) Legal
3 27 (8.52%) Banking
4 18 (5.68%) Telecoms
5 14 (4.42%) Games
6 11 (3.47%) Multimedia
7 10 (3.15%) Retail
8 5 (1.58%) Marketing
9 4 (1.26%) Financial Institution
10 3 (0.95%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.63%) Military
11 2 (0.63%) Private Banking
11 2 (0.63%) Retail Banking
12 1 (0.32%) Front Office
12 1 (0.32%) Law
12 1 (0.32%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 80 (25.24%) Analyst
2 56 (17.67%) Security Analyst
3 53 (16.72%) Security Engineer
4 48 (15.14%) Cybersecurity Analyst
5 30 (9.46%) Tester
6 28 (8.83%) Consultant
6 28 (8.83%) Penetration Tester
7 24 (7.57%) Security Specialist
8 22 (6.94%) SOC Analyst
9 20 (6.31%) Architect
9 20 (6.31%) Security Architect
10 13 (4.10%) Developer
11 12 (3.79%) Information Security Engineer
11 12 (3.79%) Security Manager
12 10 (3.15%) Cloud Architect
12 10 (3.15%) Cloud Engineer
12 10 (3.15%) Cybersecurity Engineer
12 10 (3.15%) Multimedia Analyst
13 9 (2.84%) Automation Test Lead
13 9 (2.84%) Engineering Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (12.30%) .NET
2 31 (9.78%) Node.js
3 30 (9.46%) AngularJS
3 30 (9.46%) ASP.NET
3 30 (9.46%) GraphQL
3 30 (9.46%) Kafka
3 30 (9.46%) React
3 30 (9.46%) REST
3 30 (9.46%) Spring
3 30 (9.46%) Spring MVC
3 30 (9.46%) Vue.js
4 18 (5.68%) Web Services
5 10 (3.15%) OAuth
6 9 (2.84%) SAML
6 9 (2.84%) XMPP
7 8 (2.52%) HTML
8 7 (2.21%) CSS
9 4 (1.26%) JSON
9 4 (1.26%) RESTful
10 2 (0.63%) JNI
Miscellaneous
1 36 (11.36%) Analytical Skills
2 35 (11.04%) Management Information System
3 31 (9.78%) Security Operations Centre
4 22 (6.94%) Cyberattack
5 13 (4.10%) Cybercrime
6 12 (3.79%) Cyberthreat
7 9 (2.84%) Cyber Kill Chain
7 9 (2.84%) Mobile Wallet
8 8 (2.52%) PKI
9 7 (2.21%) Mobile App
10 6 (1.89%) Fat Client
10 6 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
10 6 (1.89%) Thin Client
11 5 (1.58%) CMDB
11 5 (1.58%) Social Media
12 4 (1.26%) Life Science
12 4 (1.26%) Mobile Banking
12 4 (1.26%) Public Cloud
12 4 (1.26%) User Experience
13 3 (0.95%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 73 (23.03%) Windows
2 69 (21.77%) Linux
3 48 (15.14%) Apple iOS
4 41 (12.93%) Android
5 31 (9.78%) Unix
6 11 (3.47%) Windows 10
7 5 (1.58%) CentOS
8 2 (0.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.63%) Windows 7
8 2 (0.63%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.32%) Debian
9 1 (0.32%) Fedora
9 1 (0.32%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.32%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 233 (73.50%) Cybersecurity
2 159 (50.16%) Information Security
3 109 (34.38%) Penetration Testing
4 94 (29.65%) Security Operations
5 88 (27.76%) OWASP
6 78 (24.61%) SIEM
7 62 (19.56%) Security Architecture
7 62 (19.56%) Vulnerability Management
8 60 (18.93%) Problem-Solving
9 57 (17.98%) Threat Intelligence
10 48 (15.14%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
11 47 (14.83%) Computer Science
12 46 (14.51%) Ethical Hacking
13 45 (14.20%) Reverse Engineering
14 43 (13.56%) DevOps
15 40 (12.62%) Software Engineering
16 38 (11.99%) Vulnerability Scanning
17 35 (11.04%) Risk Management
17 35 (11.04%) Secure Coding
18 32 (10.09%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 32 (10.09%) C
1 32 (10.09%) C++
2 30 (9.46%) Python
3 26 (8.20%) Bash Shell
4 22 (6.94%) C#
4 22 (6.94%) Java
5 21 (6.62%) PowerShell
6 14 (4.42%) Perl
7 11 (3.47%) Objective-C
8 9 (2.84%) JavaScript
8 9 (2.84%) SQL
9 4 (1.26%) Shell Script
10 3 (0.95%) PHP
11 2 (0.63%) Apple Swift
11 2 (0.63%) PL/SQL
12 1 (0.32%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 200 (63.09%) CISSP
2 129 (40.69%) GIAC
3 94 (29.65%) Degree
4 89 (28.08%) CISM
5 81 (25.55%) CEH
6 76 (23.97%) Cisco Certification
7 68 (21.45%) CISA
7 68 (21.45%) SSCP
8 52 (16.40%) CompTIA Security+
9 50 (15.77%) CCNA
10 45 (14.20%) CREST Certified
11 44 (13.88%) OSCP
12 42 (13.25%) Network+ Certification
13 41 (12.93%) Security Cleared
14 33 (10.41%) Microsoft Certification
15 32 (10.09%) MCSE
16 31 (9.78%) Linux+ Certification
17 30 (9.46%) CSSLP
18 23 (7.26%) Computer Science Degree
19 19 (5.99%) (ISC)2 CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 75 (23.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 57 (17.98%) NIST
3 33 (10.41%) PCI DSS
4 27 (8.52%) Cyber Essentials
5 26 (8.20%) GDPR
6 7 (2.21%) COBIT
7 4 (1.26%) ISO 31000
7 4 (1.26%) ISO 9001
7 4 (1.26%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 4 (1.26%) Web Application Security Consortium
8 3 (0.95%) NCSC
8 3 (0.95%) QA
9 2 (0.63%) FINRA
10 1 (0.32%) NIST 800
10 1 (0.32%) SLA
System Software
1 42 (13.25%) Docker
2 16 (5.05%) Active Directory
3 12 (3.79%) Snort
4 3 (0.95%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.63%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.32%) BitLocker
6 1 (0.32%) NFS
6 1 (0.32%) Samba
6 1 (0.32%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.32%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.32%) Xen
Systems Management
1 36 (11.36%) Nessus
2 34 (10.73%) Kubernetes
3 22 (6.94%) QRadar
4 20 (6.31%) CSIRT
5 15 (4.73%) Computer Incident Response Team
5 15 (4.73%) Norton AntiVirus
6 13 (4.10%) Ansible
7 6 (1.89%) Nmap
8 3 (0.95%) CASB
9 2 (0.63%) Microsoft Intune
9 2 (0.63%) SCCM
10 1 (0.32%) Cisco CUCM
10 1 (0.32%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
10 1 (0.32%) HAProxy
10 1 (0.32%) OpenNMS
10 1 (0.32%) Puppet
10 1 (0.32%) RSA Security Analytics
10 1 (0.32%) SELinux
10 1 (0.32%) Terraform
10 1 (0.32%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 44 (13.88%) Google
2 43 (13.56%) Splunk
3 40 (12.62%) Qualys
4 32 (10.09%) Microsoft
5 28 (8.83%) LogRhythm
6 23 (7.26%) Cisco
6 23 (7.26%) Symantec
7 22 (6.94%) ArcSight
8 17 (5.36%) Meraki
9 12 (3.79%) Oracle
10 11 (3.47%) Darktrace
11 9 (2.84%) Atlassian
12 8 (2.52%) Forcepoint
13 7 (2.21%) Apple
13 7 (2.21%) CheckPoint
13 7 (2.21%) IBM
13 7 (2.21%) Palo Alto
13 7 (2.21%) Rapid7
13 7 (2.21%) Salesforce.com
14 6 (1.89%) Red Hat