Period
to 14 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 14 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK
6 months to
14 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 646 803 722
Rank change year-on-year +157 -81 +138
Permanent jobs citing SANS 163 325 517
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.22% 0.22% 0.29%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.99% 0.92% 1.22%
Number of salaries quoted 122 271 377
Median annual salary £56,250 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -6.25% +4.35% -4.17%
10th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £37,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £95,000 £90,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £58,750 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +6.82% - -

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 16,475 35,489 42,334
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.82% 24.31% 23.74%
Number of salaries quoted 11,999 25,687 31,546
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £29,590 £26,500 £26,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £44,529
% change year-on-year +5.56% +1.06% +4.77%

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SANS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SANS.

Salary trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SANS over the 6 months to 14 July 2020.

Salary histogram for SANS in the UK

SANS
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the UK over the 6 months to 14 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +99 135 £57,500 -4.17% 9
London +114 78 £52,500 -27.59% 6
UK excluding London +151 76 £58,750 +6.82% 3
North of England +112 22 £54,000 -10.00% 2
Wales +41 16 £66,250 +15.22%
Work from Home +55 15 £42,500 -43.33%
North West +98 14 £46,250 -22.92% 1
East of England +86 14 £65,000 +30.00%
Midlands +100 12 £60,000 - 1
West Midlands +94 12 £60,000 +11.63% 1
Yorkshire +72 8 £61,000 -23.75% 1
South East +131 7 £57,500 +15.00%
Scotland +85 3 £35,000 -40.17%
South West +82 3 £58,000 +5.45%

For the 6 months to 14 July 2020, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SANS.

1 111 (68.10%) Cybersecurity
2 102 (62.58%) Information Security
3 79 (48.47%) Firewall
3 79 (48.47%) Security Operations
4 75 (46.01%) SIEM
5 67 (41.10%) CISSP
6 64 (39.26%) Finance
7 63 (38.65%) Python
8 52 (31.90%) AWS
9 49 (30.06%) Bash Shell
9 49 (30.06%) Manufacturing
10 48 (29.45%) Microsoft
10 48 (29.45%) Security Testing
11 47 (28.83%) Office 365
11 47 (28.83%) Threat Intelligence
12 46 (28.22%) CREST Certified
12 46 (28.22%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
13 43 (26.38%) Penetration Testing
14 42 (25.77%) Azure
14 42 (25.77%) Linux
15 40 (24.54%) Active Directory
16 39 (23.93%) Cisco Certification
17 38 (23.31%) Degree
18 37 (22.70%) Vulnerability Management
19 35 (21.47%) Splunk
20 33 (20.25%) Windows
20 33 (20.25%) Security Operations Centre
21 31 (19.02%) OWASP
22 29 (17.79%) Cyber Intelligence
22 29 (17.79%) Cyberthreat

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 3 (1.84%) Apache Spark
2 2 (1.23%) Confluence
2 2 (1.23%) Elasticsearch
3 1 (0.61%) OpenStack
3 1 (0.61%) SharePoint
Applications
1 19 (11.66%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (1.23%) Gephi
Business Applications
1 16 (9.82%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 52 (31.90%) AWS
2 47 (28.83%) Office 365
3 42 (25.77%) Azure
4 14 (8.59%) Logic Apps
5 8 (4.91%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 6 (3.68%) GCP
7 3 (1.84%) Akamai
8 2 (1.23%) Cloudflare
9 1 (0.61%) Amazon EC2
9 1 (0.61%) Amazon ELB
9 1 (0.61%) Amazon S3
9 1 (0.61%) AWS CloudFormation
9 1 (0.61%) AWS Lambda
9 1 (0.61%) IaaS
9 1 (0.61%) OpenShift
9 1 (0.61%) PaaS
9 1 (0.61%) Power Platform
9 1 (0.61%) PowerApps
9 1 (0.61%) SaaS
9 1 (0.61%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 79 (48.47%) Firewall
2 25 (15.34%) Internet
2 25 (15.34%) TCP/IP
3 17 (10.43%) DNS
3 17 (10.43%) Intrusion Detection
3 17 (10.43%) Wireshark
4 14 (8.59%) DKIM
4 14 (8.59%) DMARC
5 13 (7.98%) Network Security
6 10 (6.13%) VPN
7 7 (4.29%) IPsec
8 6 (3.68%) SAN
9 5 (3.07%) MPLS
10 4 (2.45%) VLAN
11 3 (1.84%) LAN
11 3 (1.84%) SNMP
11 3 (1.84%) tcpdump
11 3 (1.84%) WAN
12 2 (1.23%) Ethernet
12 2 (1.23%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (4.29%) Big Data
2 2 (1.23%) Apache Hive
2 2 (1.23%) Impala
3 1 (0.61%) Amazon RDS
3 1 (0.61%) DB2
3 1 (0.61%) MongoDB
3 1 (0.61%) MySQL
3 1 (0.61%) PostgreSQL
3 1 (0.61%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 14 (8.59%) Metasploit
2 12 (7.36%) Git (software)
3 8 (4.91%) GitLab
4 6 (3.68%) Bitbucket
5 5 (3.07%) Jenkins
5 5 (3.07%) JIRA
6 3 (1.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 3 (1.84%) Bitbucket Server
6 3 (1.84%) git-flow
6 3 (1.84%) Team Foundation Server
7 2 (1.23%) Burp Suite
7 2 (1.23%) ReSharper
7 2 (1.23%) SonarQube
8 1 (0.61%) Subversion
General
1 64 (39.26%) Finance
2 49 (30.06%) Manufacturing
3 26 (15.95%) Marketing
3 26 (15.95%) Public Sector
4 24 (14.72%) Telecoms
5 22 (13.50%) Electronics
6 11 (6.75%) Legal
7 5 (3.07%) Law
8 3 (1.84%) Banking
9 2 (1.23%) Retail
10 1 (0.61%) Games
Job Titles
1 44 (26.99%) Analyst
2 41 (25.15%) Security Engineer
3 30 (18.40%) Security Analyst
4 16 (9.82%) Operations Engineer
4 16 (9.82%) Penetration Tester
4 16 (9.82%) Tester
5 10 (6.13%) Senior Analyst
6 9 (5.52%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 9 (5.52%) Security Specialist
7 8 (4.91%) Architect
7 8 (4.91%) Operations Analyst
7 8 (4.91%) Security Architect
7 8 (4.91%) Security Operations Analyst
7 8 (4.91%) Senior Security Engineer
8 7 (4.29%) Information Analyst
8 7 (4.29%) Information Security Analyst
8 7 (4.29%) Security Manager
9 6 (3.68%) Application Security Specialist
9 6 (3.68%) Applications Specialist
9 6 (3.68%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (12.88%) Web Services
2 10 (6.13%) .NET
3 4 (2.45%) Kafka
4 2 (1.23%) .NET Core
4 2 (1.23%) .NET Framework
4 2 (1.23%) Elastic Stack
4 2 (1.23%) React
5 1 (0.61%) AngularJS
5 1 (0.61%) ASP.NET
5 1 (0.61%) GraphQL
5 1 (0.61%) Node.js
5 1 (0.61%) OAuth
5 1 (0.61%) React Native
5 1 (0.61%) Regular Expression
5 1 (0.61%) REST
5 1 (0.61%) SAML
5 1 (0.61%) Spring
5 1 (0.61%) Spring MVC
5 1 (0.61%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 33 (20.25%) Security Operations Centre
2 29 (17.79%) Cyberthreat
3 25 (15.34%) Management Information System
4 20 (12.27%) Public Cloud
5 19 (11.66%) Analytical Skills
6 13 (7.98%) Mobile App
7 12 (7.36%) Self-Motivation
8 8 (4.91%) PKI
9 7 (4.29%) Cybercrime
10 6 (3.68%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 5 (3.07%) Blog
11 5 (3.07%) Social Media
12 4 (2.45%) Cyber Kill Chain
12 4 (2.45%) Enterprise Storage
13 3 (1.84%) Cyberattack
14 2 (1.23%) Analytical Mindset
14 2 (1.23%) Cloud Native
14 2 (1.23%) Cyber Defence
14 2 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
15 1 (0.61%) Driving Licence
Operating Systems
1 42 (25.77%) Linux
2 33 (20.25%) Windows
3 16 (9.82%) Kali Linux
4 13 (7.98%) Unix
5 6 (3.68%) Mac OS
6 4 (2.45%) Apple iOS
6 4 (2.45%) CentOS
6 4 (2.45%) Fedora
6 4 (2.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (2.45%) Ubuntu
7 2 (1.23%) Android
8 1 (0.61%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 111 (68.10%) Cybersecurity
2 102 (62.58%) Information Security
3 79 (48.47%) Security Operations
4 75 (46.01%) SIEM
5 48 (29.45%) Security Testing
6 47 (28.83%) Threat Intelligence
7 46 (28.22%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
8 43 (26.38%) Penetration Testing
9 37 (22.70%) Vulnerability Management
10 31 (19.02%) OWASP
11 29 (17.79%) Cyber Intelligence
12 28 (17.18%) Ethical Hacking
12 28 (17.18%) ITIL
13 26 (15.95%) Data Privacy
14 25 (15.34%) Privileged Access Management
14 25 (15.34%) Reverse Engineering
15 24 (14.72%) Analytics
15 24 (14.72%) Business Intelligence
16 23 (14.11%) Vulnerability Scanning
17 22 (13.50%) Programme Management
Programming Languages
1 63 (38.65%) Python
2 49 (30.06%) Bash Shell
3 18 (11.04%) C++
3 18 (11.04%) PowerShell
4 17 (10.43%) SQL
5 15 (9.20%) C
5 15 (9.20%) Java
6 11 (6.75%) Perl
7 10 (6.13%) C#
8 6 (3.68%) Go
9 5 (3.07%) Shell Script
10 4 (2.45%) Clojure
10 4 (2.45%) Scala
11 2 (1.23%) JavaScript
11 2 (1.23%) R
12 1 (0.61%) PHP
Qualifications
1 67 (41.10%) CISSP
2 46 (28.22%) CREST Certified
3 39 (23.93%) Cisco Certification
4 38 (23.31%) Degree
5 28 (17.18%) GIAC
6 26 (15.95%) CEH
6 26 (15.95%) OSCP
6 26 (15.95%) Security Cleared
7 25 (15.34%) CCNA
7 25 (15.34%) GCIH
8 22 (13.50%) CCNP
8 22 (13.50%) GCIA
9 20 (12.27%) CISM
10 16 (9.82%) SC Cleared
11 13 (7.98%) CompTIA Security+
11 13 (7.98%) GPEN
12 10 (6.13%) SSCP
13 9 (5.52%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 9 (5.52%) DV Cleared
13 9 (5.52%) GREM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (14.11%) NIST
2 16 (9.82%) HMG Security Policy Framework
3 15 (9.20%) COBIT
4 10 (6.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (4.91%) PCI DSS
6 5 (3.07%) AICPA
7 4 (2.45%) Cyber Essentials
7 4 (2.45%) GDPR
8 2 (1.23%) NCSC
8 2 (1.23%) QA
9 1 (0.61%) ISO 14001
9 1 (0.61%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 1 (0.61%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 40 (24.54%) Active Directory
2 16 (9.82%) VMware Infrastructure
3 15 (9.20%) Docker
4 14 (8.59%) Snort
5 4 (2.45%) NFS
5 4 (2.45%) Samba
5 4 (2.45%) VirtualBox
5 4 (2.45%) VMware ESXi
5 4 (2.45%) Xen
6 2 (1.23%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 26 (15.95%) QRadar
2 14 (8.59%) Terraform
3 9 (5.52%) Ansible
4 6 (3.68%) Kubernetes
5 5 (3.07%) Puppet
6 4 (2.45%) CASB
6 4 (2.45%) CSIRT
6 4 (2.45%) Docker Swarm
6 4 (2.45%) Nagios
6 4 (2.45%) OpenNMS
6 4 (2.45%) vCenter Server
6 4 (2.45%) ZABBIX
7 3 (1.84%) Network Intrusion Detection System
8 2 (1.23%) Host Intrusion Detection System
8 2 (1.23%) Kibana
8 2 (1.23%) Nessus
8 2 (1.23%) Oozie
9 1 (0.61%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
9 1 (0.61%) Opscode Chef
9 1 (0.61%) RSA Archer
Vendors
1 48 (29.45%) Microsoft
2 35 (21.47%) Splunk
3 24 (14.72%) Cisco
3 24 (14.72%) IBM
3 24 (14.72%) LogRhythm
4 22 (13.50%) SAP
5 21 (12.88%) CyberArk
6 19 (11.66%) ArcSight
7 18 (11.04%) BeyondTrust
7 18 (11.04%) Bomgar
7 18 (11.04%) CheckPoint
7 18 (11.04%) NetWitness
7 18 (11.04%) Palo Alto
7 18 (11.04%) Thycotic
8 16 (9.82%) VMware
9 6 (3.68%) Darktrace
10 5 (3.07%) Oracle
11 4 (2.45%) Dell
11 4 (2.45%) EMC
11 4 (2.45%) NetApp