Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 28 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK
6 months to
28 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 1019 756 710
Rank change year-on-year -263 -46 +56
Permanent jobs citing SANS 192 147 196
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.12% 0.16% 0.22%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.47% 0.75% 1.01%
Number of salaries quoted 119 121 141
10th Percentile £47,500 £47,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £55,625 £56,250 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £70,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.71% +16.67% -
75th Percentile £100,000 £85,000 £76,250
90th Percentile £122,500 - £91,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £63,750 £60,000 £57,750
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.90% +5.00%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 41,234 19,569 19,436
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 24.70% 20.87% 21.50%
Number of salaries quoted 17,151 12,637 14,596
10th Percentile £31,000 £31,250 £28,750
25th Percentile £40,749 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £73,286 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SANS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SANS.

Salary trend for SANS in the UK

SANS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SANS over the 6 months to 28 May 2022.

Salary histogram for SANS in the UK

SANS
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the UK over the 6 months to 28 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -226 169 £82,500 +15.79% 21
London -233 116 £85,000 - 12
Work from Home -244 71 £85,000 +21.43% 2
UK excluding London -182 54 £63,750 +6.25% 11
South East -88 22 £66,750 -3.26% 6
Midlands -54 13 £80,000 +52.38%
West Midlands -46 12 £85,000 +21.43%
South West -23 7 £60,000 +26.32% 2
Wales - 5 - -
Northern Ireland - 4 £58,750 -
North of England -93 2 £100,000 +42.86%
Yorkshire -54 1 - -
Scotland -73 1 £67,500 +77.63% 2
North West -79 1 £100,000 +42.86%
East of England -95 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 28 May 2022, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SANS.

1 120 (62.50%) Information Security
2 119 (61.98%) Cybersecurity
3 97 (50.52%) CISSP
4 87 (45.31%) Azure
5 79 (41.15%) AWS
6 72 (37.50%) SIEM
7 60 (31.25%) Finance
7 60 (31.25%) GIAC
8 57 (29.69%) OWASP
9 53 (27.60%) Degree
10 52 (27.08%) Threat Intelligence
11 51 (26.56%) CISM
11 51 (26.56%) Risk Management
12 50 (26.04%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
13 47 (24.48%) Security Architecture
14 46 (23.96%) Python
15 44 (22.92%) NIST
16 43 (22.40%) Vulnerability Management
16 43 (22.40%) Windows
17 42 (21.88%) PowerShell
17 42 (21.88%) Security Operations
18 41 (21.35%) Network Security
19 40 (20.83%) Firewall
20 39 (20.31%) Splunk
21 38 (19.79%) Cyberthreat
22 36 (18.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
22 36 (18.75%) GCIH
23 34 (17.71%) Linux
24 33 (17.19%) Red Team
25 32 (16.67%) Application Security

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2 (1.04%) IIS
1 2 (1.04%) WebLogic
2 1 (0.52%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 11 (5.73%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 6 (3.13%) InVision
2 6 (3.13%) Sketch
3 2 (1.04%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 5 (2.60%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.52%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 87 (45.31%) Azure
2 79 (41.15%) AWS
3 31 (16.15%) SaaS
4 26 (13.54%) Datadog
5 25 (13.02%) PaaS
6 23 (11.98%) GCP
7 19 (9.90%) IaaS
8 16 (8.33%) Microsoft 365
9 13 (6.77%) Azure Active Directory
10 10 (5.21%) Azure Sentinel
11 6 (3.13%) Serverless
12 5 (2.60%) Azure Functions
13 4 (2.08%) Google Workspace
14 2 (1.04%) Azure Logic Apps
14 2 (1.04%) Cloud Computing
14 2 (1.04%) Power Platform
15 1 (0.52%) Amazon EKS
15 1 (0.52%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 41 (21.35%) Network Security
2 40 (20.83%) Firewall
3 12 (6.25%) TCP/IP
4 8 (4.17%) Intrusion Detection
5 6 (3.13%) Internet
6 4 (2.08%) HTTP
6 4 (2.08%) SSL
7 3 (1.56%) HTTPS
7 3 (1.56%) IPsec
7 3 (1.56%) Kerberos
7 3 (1.56%) LAN
7 3 (1.56%) NNTP
7 3 (1.56%) WAN
7 3 (1.56%) Wireless
7 3 (1.56%) X.509
8 2 (1.04%) DMZ
8 2 (1.04%) SAN
8 2 (1.04%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 6 (3.13%) SQL Server
2 4 (2.08%) MySQL
3 3 (1.56%) Amazon Redshift
4 2 (1.04%) Power BI
5 1 (0.52%) Apache Hive
5 1 (0.52%) Big Data
5 1 (0.52%) DB2
5 1 (0.52%) Hadoop
5 1 (0.52%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 11 (5.73%) Burp Suite
2 9 (4.69%) Git (software)
3 7 (3.65%) Selenium
4 6 (3.13%) Cypress.io
4 6 (3.13%) PostCSS
5 3 (1.56%) TeamCity
6 2 (1.04%) JIRA
7 1 (0.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 1 (0.52%) Bitbucket
7 1 (0.52%) Bitbucket Server
7 1 (0.52%) CodeSonar
7 1 (0.52%) git-flow
7 1 (0.52%) Robot Framework
General
1 60 (31.25%) Finance
2 27 (14.06%) Legal
3 21 (10.94%) Social Skills
4 13 (6.77%) Marketing
5 11 (5.73%) Manufacturing
5 11 (5.73%) Telecoms
6 8 (4.17%) Retail
7 7 (3.65%) Military
8 6 (3.13%) Games
8 6 (3.13%) Organisational Skills
9 5 (2.60%) Aerospace
9 5 (2.60%) Automotive
9 5 (2.60%) Influencing Skills
10 4 (2.08%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 3 (1.56%) Presentation Skills
12 2 (1.04%) Banking
12 2 (1.04%) Law
13 1 (0.52%) Investment Banking
13 1 (0.52%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 55 (28.65%) Analyst
2 26 (13.54%) Financial Analyst
2 26 (13.54%) Incident Analyst
2 26 (13.54%) SIEM Analyst
2 26 (13.54%) Splunk Analyst
3 25 (13.02%) Architect
4 21 (10.94%) Consultant
4 21 (10.94%) Security Analyst
5 20 (10.42%) Security Architect
6 17 (8.85%) Operations Analyst
6 17 (8.85%) Security Consultant
6 17 (8.85%) Security Engineer
6 17 (8.85%) Security Operations Analyst
7 10 (5.21%) Developer
8 9 (4.69%) SOC Analyst
9 8 (4.17%) Cybersecurity Engineer
9 8 (4.17%) Security Manager
9 8 (4.17%) Senior Analyst
10 7 (3.65%) Penetration Tester
10 7 (3.65%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 11 (5.73%) .NET
2 9 (4.69%) ASP.NET
3 8 (4.17%) Node.js
4 7 (3.65%) CSS
4 7 (3.65%) SAML
5 6 (3.13%) CSS3
5 6 (3.13%) GraphQL
5 6 (3.13%) HTML
5 6 (3.13%) HTML5
5 6 (3.13%) Puppeteer
5 6 (3.13%) React
5 6 (3.13%) Sass
5 6 (3.13%) Spring
5 6 (3.13%) Spring Boot
5 6 (3.13%) Twitter Bootstrap
5 6 (3.13%) Web Components
6 5 (2.60%) J2EE
7 3 (1.56%) Middleware
7 3 (1.56%) OAuth
7 3 (1.56%) OpenID
Miscellaneous
1 38 (19.79%) Cyberthreat
2 28 (14.58%) Management Information System
3 15 (7.81%) IoT
3 15 (7.81%) Security Operations Centre
4 14 (7.29%) Data Centre
5 13 (6.77%) Cyber Defence
5 13 (6.77%) Insider Threat
5 13 (6.77%) PKI
5 13 (6.77%) Self-Motivation
6 11 (5.73%) Linux Command Line
6 11 (5.73%) Mobile App
7 6 (3.13%) User Experience
8 5 (2.60%) Cloud Native
8 5 (2.60%) Public Cloud
9 4 (2.08%) CSOC
10 3 (1.56%) Cyberattack
10 3 (1.56%) Mainframe
10 3 (1.56%) New Media
10 3 (1.56%) SCADA
10 3 (1.56%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 43 (22.40%) Windows
2 34 (17.71%) Linux
3 12 (6.25%) Unix
4 11 (5.73%) Kali Linux
5 3 (1.56%) AIX
5 3 (1.56%) zOS
6 1 (0.52%) Android
6 1 (0.52%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.52%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 120 (62.50%) Information Security
2 119 (61.98%) Cybersecurity
3 72 (37.50%) SIEM
4 57 (29.69%) OWASP
5 52 (27.08%) Threat Intelligence
6 51 (26.56%) Risk Management
7 50 (26.04%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
8 47 (24.48%) Security Architecture
9 43 (22.40%) Vulnerability Management
10 42 (21.88%) Security Operations
11 33 (17.19%) Red Team
12 32 (16.67%) Application Security
13 30 (15.63%) Agile
13 30 (15.63%) Threat Modelling
14 28 (14.58%) Asset Management
15 26 (13.54%) DevOps
16 25 (13.02%) ITIL
17 24 (12.50%) Cyber Intelligence
18 23 (11.98%) Stakeholder Management
19 22 (11.46%) TOGAF
Programming Languages
1 46 (23.96%) Python
2 42 (21.88%) PowerShell
3 27 (14.06%) Bash
4 21 (10.94%) C#
5 13 (6.77%) Java
6 12 (6.25%) C
7 7 (3.65%) C++
7 7 (3.65%) JavaScript
7 7 (3.65%) SQL
8 6 (3.13%) ES6
8 6 (3.13%) ES7
8 6 (3.13%) Kotlin
8 6 (3.13%) Objective-C
8 6 (3.13%) Scala
8 6 (3.13%) TypeScript
9 4 (2.08%) Go
10 2 (1.04%) PL/SQL
11 1 (0.52%) PHP
11 1 (0.52%) Rust
Qualifications
1 97 (50.52%) CISSP
2 60 (31.25%) GIAC
3 53 (27.60%) Degree
4 51 (26.56%) CISM
5 36 (18.75%) GCIH
6 30 (15.63%) OSCP
7 27 (14.06%) GCFA
7 27 (14.06%) GREM
8 26 (13.54%) CREST Certified
9 23 (11.98%) Cisco Certification
9 23 (11.98%) Security Cleared
10 22 (11.46%) CEH
10 22 (11.46%) SC Cleared
11 21 (10.94%) CISA
12 15 (7.81%) OSCE
13 12 (6.25%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 12 (6.25%) Microsoft Certification
14 11 (5.73%) CompTIA Security+
14 11 (5.73%) GCIA
15 10 (5.21%) GPEN
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (22.92%) NIST
2 36 (18.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 25 (13.02%) GRC
4 15 (7.81%) Cyber Essentials
5 14 (7.29%) GDPR
5 14 (7.29%) PCI DSS
6 8 (4.17%) NCSC
6 8 (4.17%) QA
7 7 (3.65%) HIPAA
8 6 (3.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 6 (3.13%) WCAG
9 5 (2.60%) COBIT
10 4 (2.08%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 4 (2.08%) SOC 2
11 3 (1.56%) SLA
12 2 (1.04%) COSO
13 1 (0.52%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 1 (0.52%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 26 (13.54%) Active Directory
2 8 (4.17%) Docker
3 7 (3.65%) Firmware
4 1 (0.52%) OpenAM
4 1 (0.52%) OpenIDM
4 1 (0.52%) RACF
4 1 (0.52%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 18 (9.38%) Kubernetes
2 13 (6.77%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
3 7 (3.65%) Single Sign-On
4 5 (2.60%) Nessus
5 4 (2.08%) CSIRT
6 3 (1.56%) Terraform
7 2 (1.04%) CASB
7 2 (1.04%) EnCase
7 2 (1.04%) Istio
8 1 (0.52%) CA Single Sign-On
8 1 (0.52%) Host Intrusion Detection System
8 1 (0.52%) Oracle Identity Management
8 1 (0.52%) Puppet
8 1 (0.52%) QRadar
8 1 (0.52%) Salt
Vendors
1 39 (20.31%) Splunk
2 30 (15.63%) Microsoft
3 26 (13.54%) McAfee
3 26 (13.54%) SolarWinds
3 26 (13.54%) Sun
4 10 (5.21%) Google
5 8 (4.17%) AlienVault
6 6 (3.13%) Oracle
6 6 (3.13%) Qualys
7 5 (2.60%) VMware
8 3 (1.56%) Apple
8 3 (1.56%) Okta
9 2 (1.04%) CyberArk
9 2 (1.04%) Intel
9 2 (1.04%) Palo Alto
10 1 (0.52%) CA
10 1 (0.52%) F5
10 1 (0.52%) ForgeRock
10 1 (0.52%) Kenna