Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 236 216 210
Rank change year-on-year -20 -6 +27
Permanent jobs citing VPN 1,666 904 1,936
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.49% 1.58% 1.66%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 11.16% 11.06% 10.99%
Number of salaries quoted 1,376 733 1,601
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £26,000
25th Percentile £32,000 £33,000 £31,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
75th Percentile £65,000 £67,500 £62,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £83,750 £76,250
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 14,925 8,174 17,623
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 13.39% 14.29% 15.11%
Number of salaries quoted 9,717 6,548 14,238
10th Percentile £27,500 £28,750 £25,750
25th Percentile £35,960 £37,500 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
75th Percentile £70,000 £66,250 £63,719
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +1.00% +5.26% -

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in England

VPN
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Salary trend for VPN in England

VPN
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Salary histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the England region over the 6 months to 22 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -63 629 £55,000 -8.33% 123
South East +10 323 £50,000 - 64
North of England -49 274 £42,500 +12.26% 93
Midlands -30 182 £42,500 - 49
South West +17 162 £40,000 +23.08% 26
North West -14 141 £42,500 -5.56% 43
West Midlands -24 127 £45,000 -10.00% 30
Yorkshire -36 120 £45,000 +28.57% 34
East of England -54 87 £52,500 +41.66% 37
East Midlands -32 50 £36,483 +2.39% 19
North East -21 29 £37,060 +14.03% 16
VPN
UK

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for VPN.

1 977 (58.64%) Firewall
2 879 (52.76%) Windows
3 755 (45.32%) Microsoft
4 684 (41.06%) Active Directory
5 675 (40.52%) Azure
6 672 (40.34%) Microsoft 365
7 518 (31.09%) Cisco
8 501 (30.07%) WAN
9 465 (27.91%) Windows Server
10 463 (27.79%) DNS
11 444 (26.65%) LAN
12 426 (25.57%) Social Skills
13 368 (22.09%) DHCP
14 346 (20.77%) Windows 10
15 343 (20.59%) VMware
16 332 (19.93%) Linux
17 326 (19.57%) AWS
18 318 (19.09%) ITIL
19 312 (18.73%) TCP/IP
20 292 (17.53%) Data Centre
21 271 (16.27%) Cisco Certification
22 266 (15.97%) Network Security
23 258 (15.49%) Problem-Solving
24 247 (14.83%) VMware Infrastructure
25 234 (14.05%) VLAN
26 232 (13.93%) Finance
26 232 (13.93%) Infrastructure Engineering
27 231 (13.87%) PowerShell
28 223 (13.39%) Microsoft Office
29 222 (13.33%) DevOps

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 158 (9.48%) SharePoint
2 139 (8.34%) MS Exchange
3 62 (3.72%) IIS
4 37 (2.22%) Exchange Server 2013
5 35 (2.10%) Skype for Business
6 34 (2.04%) Elasticsearch
7 30 (1.80%) Exchange Server 2010
8 28 (1.68%) Confluence
9 22 (1.32%) Apache
10 18 (1.08%) Exchange Server 2007
11 16 (0.96%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
12 14 (0.84%) nginx
13 13 (0.78%) Tomcat
14 9 (0.54%) CMS
15 8 (0.48%) WordPress
16 6 (0.36%) Sitecore CMS
16 6 (0.36%) Umbraco
17 4 (0.24%) Oracle Workflow
18 2 (0.12%) Cloud Foundry
18 2 (0.12%) SAS
Applications
1 223 (13.39%) Microsoft Office
2 51 (3.06%) Microsoft Excel
3 38 (2.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (1.08%) MS Visio
5 12 (0.72%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 3 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.060%) Blender
7 1 (0.060%) Camtasia
Business Applications
1 24 (1.44%) Remedy ITSM
2 8 (0.48%) Elite 3E
3 7 (0.42%) Sentinel
4 6 (0.36%) Sage 200
5 4 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.12%) Magento
6 2 (0.12%) Relativity
6 2 (0.12%) Shopify
6 2 (0.12%) Unica
7 1 (0.060%) Alphatax
7 1 (0.060%) Carpe Diem
7 1 (0.060%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.060%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 675 (40.52%) Azure
2 672 (40.34%) Microsoft 365
3 326 (19.57%) AWS
4 193 (11.58%) Azure Active Directory
5 132 (7.92%) SaaS
6 110 (6.60%) IaaS
7 106 (6.36%) PaaS
8 71 (4.26%) OneDrive
9 55 (3.30%) Mimecast
10 52 (3.12%) Amazon EC2
11 40 (2.40%) GCP
12 38 (2.28%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 34 (2.04%) GitHub
14 33 (1.98%) Cloud Computing
14 33 (1.98%) Serverless
15 30 (1.80%) Power Platform
16 29 (1.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 28 (1.68%) Google Workspace
18 25 (1.50%) AWS Direct Connect
19 24 (1.44%) Azure ExpressRoute
Communications & Networking
1 977 (58.64%) Firewall
2 501 (30.07%) WAN
3 463 (27.79%) DNS
4 444 (26.65%) LAN
5 368 (22.09%) DHCP
6 312 (18.73%) TCP/IP
7 266 (15.97%) Network Security
8 234 (14.05%) VLAN
9 202 (12.12%) BGP
10 196 (11.76%) Wireless
11 189 (11.34%) Wi-Fi
12 185 (11.10%) IPsec
13 179 (10.74%) MPLS
13 179 (10.74%) OSPF
14 178 (10.68%) VoIP
15 125 (7.50%) SSL
16 109 (6.54%) WLAN
17 106 (6.36%) SAN
18 83 (4.98%) SD-WAN
19 74 (4.44%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 137 (8.22%) SQL Server
2 56 (3.36%) MySQL
3 53 (3.18%) PostgreSQL
4 38 (2.28%) Azure SQL Database
5 29 (1.74%) Big Data
6 24 (1.44%) MariaDB
7 23 (1.38%) Amazon RDS
8 21 (1.26%) Redis
9 19 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 17 (1.02%) NoSQL
11 16 (0.96%) Amazon Aurora
12 15 (0.90%) Relational Database
13 12 (0.72%) MongoDB
13 12 (0.72%) SQL Server 2019
14 11 (0.66%) RDBMS
14 11 (0.66%) SQL Server 2012
15 10 (0.60%) Power BI
16 8 (0.48%) InfluxDB
16 8 (0.48%) Oracle Database
17 7 (0.42%) MarkLogic
Development Applications
1 73 (4.38%) Jenkins
2 48 (2.88%) Git (software)
3 47 (2.82%) JIRA
4 42 (2.52%) GitLab
5 28 (1.68%) TeamCity
6 15 (0.90%) Subversion
7 13 (0.78%) Octopus Deploy
8 12 (0.72%) fastlane
9 8 (0.48%) Visual Studio
10 6 (0.36%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 6 (0.36%) VSS/SourceSafe
11 5 (0.30%) CircleCI
12 4 (0.24%) Oracle APEX
12 4 (0.24%) Oracle Forms
12 4 (0.24%) Sonatype Nexus
13 3 (0.18%) MSI
14 2 (0.12%) Maven
15 1 (0.060%) Artifactory
15 1 (0.060%) Bitbucket Server
15 1 (0.060%) Cactus
General
1 426 (25.57%) Social Skills
2 232 (13.93%) Finance
3 101 (6.06%) Telecoms
4 96 (5.76%) Analytical Skills
5 85 (5.10%) Law
6 69 (4.14%) Manufacturing
7 67 (4.02%) Public Sector
8 64 (3.84%) Organisational Skills
9 49 (2.94%) Retail
10 46 (2.76%) Documentation Skills
11 45 (2.70%) Banking
12 35 (2.10%) Legal
13 31 (1.86%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 22 (1.32%) Presentation Skills
15 21 (1.26%) German Language
15 21 (1.26%) Marketing
16 20 (1.20%) Digital Economy
17 19 (1.14%) Pharmaceutical
18 18 (1.08%) Investment Banking
19 17 (1.02%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 339 (20.35%) Network Engineer
2 225 (13.51%) Analyst
3 210 (12.61%) Support Engineer
4 180 (10.80%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 163 (9.78%) IT Engineer
6 145 (8.70%) IT Support
7 116 (6.96%) Senior Network Engineer
8 113 (6.78%) Security Engineer
9 104 (6.24%) DevOps Engineer
10 100 (6.00%) Support Analyst
11 92 (5.52%) 2nd Line Support
12 89 (5.34%) 3rd Line Engineer
13 87 (5.22%) 2nd Line Engineer
14 81 (4.86%) Architect
15 80 (4.80%) IT Support Engineer
16 77 (4.62%) Service Analyst
17 76 (4.56%) Consultant
18 74 (4.44%) IT Analyst
19 69 (4.14%) Service Desk Analyst
20 65 (3.90%) Network Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 26 (1.56%) Web Services
2 22 (1.32%) LDAP
3 19 (1.14%) XML
4 17 (1.02%) LAMP
5 15 (0.90%) 802.1X
5 15 (0.90%) HTML
5 15 (0.90%) JSON
6 13 (0.78%) RabbitMQ
7 12 (0.72%) Loki
7 12 (0.72%) SOAP
8 11 (0.66%) Ajax
8 11 (0.66%) ARM Templates
8 11 (0.66%) CSS
8 11 (0.66%) XMPP
9 10 (0.60%) LEMP Stack
9 10 (0.60%) Node.js
10 9 (0.54%) .NET
10 9 (0.54%) Elastic Stack
10 9 (0.54%) Kafka
10 9 (0.54%) React
Miscellaneous
1 292 (17.53%) Data Centre
2 110 (6.60%) Public Cloud
3 77 (4.62%) Self-Motivation
4 76 (4.56%) Management Information System
5 51 (3.06%) Driving Licence
6 46 (2.76%) Replication
7 39 (2.34%) PKI
8 33 (1.98%) Video Conferencing
9 31 (1.86%) User Experience
10 28 (1.68%) Blackberry
11 21 (1.26%) Enterprise Software
12 18 (1.08%) CMDB
13 17 (1.02%) Cloud Native
13 17 (1.02%) iPhone
13 17 (1.02%) Smartphone
14 16 (0.96%) Linux Command Line
15 15 (0.90%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
16 14 (0.84%) Clustering
16 14 (0.84%) Hybrid Cloud
17 13 (0.78%) e-Learning
Operating Systems
1 879 (52.76%) Windows
2 465 (27.91%) Windows Server
3 346 (20.77%) Windows 10
4 332 (19.93%) Linux
5 147 (8.82%) Windows Server 2016
6 142 (8.52%) Windows Server 2012
7 116 (6.96%) Windows 7
8 112 (6.72%) Windows Server 2019
9 75 (4.50%) Apple iOS
10 53 (3.18%) Android
11 51 (3.06%) Mac OS
12 49 (2.94%) Unix
13 42 (2.52%) Windows Server 2008
14 39 (2.34%) CentOS
15 38 (2.28%) Ubuntu
16 37 (2.22%) Mac OS X
17 28 (1.68%) Debian
18 24 (1.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
19 21 (1.26%) Windows 8
20 17 (1.02%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 318 (19.09%) ITIL
2 258 (15.49%) Problem-Solving
3 232 (13.93%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 222 (13.33%) DevOps
5 182 (10.92%) Migration
6 145 (8.70%) Agile Software Development
7 142 (8.52%) Cybersecurity
8 127 (7.62%) Service Delivery
9 121 (7.26%) Disaster Recovery
10 118 (7.08%) Infrastructure as Code
11 103 (6.18%) Information Security
11 103 (6.18%) ITSM
12 102 (6.12%) Network Design
13 101 (6.06%) Change Management
14 97 (5.82%) Presales
15 96 (5.76%) Project Delivery
16 90 (5.40%) Computer Science
17 87 (5.22%) Project Management
18 85 (5.10%) Mentoring
19 83 (4.98%) Service Management
Programming Languages
1 231 (13.87%) PowerShell
2 195 (11.70%) Python
3 137 (8.22%) SQL
4 81 (4.86%) Bash
5 28 (1.68%) Java
6 26 (1.56%) JavaScript
7 22 (1.32%) PHP
8 20 (1.20%) C
8 20 (1.20%) Perl
8 20 (1.20%) Shell Script
9 12 (0.72%) C#
10 11 (0.66%) Groovy
11 10 (0.60%) Go
12 8 (0.48%) C++
12 8 (0.48%) Ruby
13 6 (0.36%) T-SQL
14 5 (0.30%) Bicep
15 3 (0.18%) R
16 2 (0.12%) VBA
17 1 (0.060%) Korn
Qualifications
1 271 (16.27%) Cisco Certification
2 185 (11.10%) CCNA
3 174 (10.44%) Degree
4 168 (10.08%) CCNP
5 128 (7.68%) Security Cleared
6 110 (6.60%) Microsoft Certification
7 109 (6.54%) SC Cleared
8 65 (3.90%) MCSA
9 49 (2.94%) CCIE
10 46 (2.76%) MCP
11 42 (2.52%) MCSE
12 40 (2.40%) Computer Science Degree
13 33 (1.98%) A+ Certification
14 31 (1.86%) DV Cleared
15 30 (1.80%) CEH
15 30 (1.80%) CISSP
16 26 (1.56%) MCITP
17 25 (1.50%) JNCIA
18 22 (1.32%) Network+ Certification
19 21 (1.26%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 159 (9.54%) SLA
2 87 (5.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 59 (3.54%) GDPR
4 23 (1.38%) QA
5 20 (1.20%) NIST
6 17 (1.02%) HIPAA
7 14 (0.84%) PCI DSS
8 13 (0.78%) Cyber Essentials
9 10 (0.60%) SOC 2
10 9 (0.54%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 8 (0.48%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 5 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 5 (0.30%) NCSC
13 4 (0.24%) Accessibility
13 4 (0.24%) ISO 9001
14 3 (0.18%) COBIT
14 3 (0.18%) GLBA
15 2 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
16 1 (0.060%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 684 (41.06%) Active Directory
2 247 (14.83%) VMware Infrastructure
3 184 (11.04%) Hyper-V
4 118 (7.08%) Docker
5 58 (3.48%) Virtual Machines
6 35 (2.10%) XenApp
7 33 (1.98%) vSphere
8 29 (1.74%) Virtual Servers
8 29 (1.74%) VMware ESXi
9 28 (1.68%) Virtual Desktop
10 27 (1.62%) Firmware
11 19 (1.14%) XenDesktop
12 16 (0.96%) BitLocker
13 14 (0.84%) iptables
13 14 (0.84%) KVM
13 14 (0.84%) Terminal Services
14 10 (0.60%) VMware NSX
15 9 (0.54%) NFS
16 8 (0.48%) VMware Workstation
17 7 (0.42%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 208 (12.48%) Terraform
2 187 (11.22%) SCCM
3 173 (10.38%) Microsoft Intune
4 112 (6.72%) Ansible
5 108 (6.48%) Kubernetes
6 45 (2.70%) Puppet
7 41 (2.46%) Grafana
8 38 (2.28%) WSUS
9 34 (2.04%) Packer
10 33 (1.98%) Nagios
11 26 (1.56%) FortiGate
11 26 (1.56%) Icinga
12 24 (1.44%) Cisco CUCM
13 22 (1.32%) CASB
13 22 (1.32%) Prometheus
14 21 (1.26%) ZABBIX
15 18 (1.08%) Jamf Pro
16 16 (0.96%) ServiceCenter
17 15 (0.90%) Active Directory Federation Services
18 14 (0.84%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 755 (45.32%) Microsoft
2 518 (31.09%) Cisco
3 343 (20.59%) VMware
4 168 (10.08%) Citrix
5 153 (9.18%) Palo Alto
6 126 (7.56%) Meraki
7 123 (7.38%) Juniper
8 116 (6.96%) HP
9 102 (6.12%) Veeam
10 101 (6.06%) SolarWinds
11 93 (5.58%) Fortinet
12 91 (5.46%) Apple
13 86 (5.16%) ServiceNow
14 85 (5.10%) Dell
15 71 (4.26%) Sophos
16 67 (4.02%) CheckPoint
17 65 (3.90%) Remedy
18 45 (2.70%) Google
19 42 (2.52%) Aruba
20 41 (2.46%) F5