Period
to 25 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 25 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 224 203 181
Rank change year-on-year -21 -22 +31
Permanent jobs citing VPN 1,435 1,256 2,651
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.53% 1.70% 1.99%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 12.07% 11.29% 12.56%
Number of salaries quoted 1,072 1,007 1,958
10th Percentile £25,775 £26,250 £24,750
25th Percentile £33,000 £35,000 £32,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £47,500 £50,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year -5.00% +11.11% -5.26%
75th Percentile £62,500 £67,500 £60,188
90th Percentile £78,750 £80,000 £73,750
UK median annual salary £47,500 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -5.00% +11.11% -4.26%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 11,886 11,122 21,110
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 12.68% 15.07% 15.82%
Number of salaries quoted 8,446 8,965 16,219
10th Percentile £28,500 £27,500 £26,000
25th Percentile £37,500 £35,750 £33,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £47,000
Median % change year-on-year - +6.38% -1.05%
75th Percentile £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
90th Percentile £82,125 £79,400 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £46,098
% change year-on-year - +8.47% +0.21%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in England

VPN
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Salary trend for VPN in England

VPN
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Salary histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the England region over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -61 441 £52,500 -12.50% 71
South East +53 345 £42,500 -15.00% 56
North of England -40 223 £47,500 +5.56% 52
Midlands -2 174 £40,000 +23.08% 40
South West -22 154 £32,500 -19.65% 31
Yorkshire -19 112 £45,000 - 15
West Midlands -44 107 £44,750 +37.69% 24
North West -34 96 £50,000 -4.76% 30
East of England -30 76 £47,500 +11.76% 17
East Midlands +16 63 £35,632 -10.92% 16
North East -23 15 £44,500 +7.23% 7
VPN
UK

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for VPN.

1 863 (60.14%) Firewall
2 721 (50.24%) Windows
3 662 (46.13%) Microsoft
4 548 (38.19%) Active Directory
5 496 (34.56%) Azure
6 462 (32.20%) Cisco
7 451 (31.43%) Microsoft 365
8 409 (28.50%) DNS
9 395 (27.53%) VMware
10 392 (27.32%) Windows Server
11 391 (27.25%) Linux
12 384 (26.76%) WAN
13 380 (26.48%) Social Skills
14 374 (26.06%) LAN
15 340 (23.69%) ITIL
16 337 (23.48%) PowerShell
17 301 (20.98%) DHCP
18 300 (20.91%) VMware Infrastructure
19 278 (19.37%) AWS
20 276 (19.23%) VLAN
21 274 (19.09%) TCP/IP
22 251 (17.49%) Cisco Certification
23 236 (16.45%) Infrastructure Engineering
24 220 (15.33%) Windows 10
25 210 (14.63%) DevOps
26 205 (14.29%) OSPF
27 190 (13.24%) Agile Software Development
28 184 (12.82%) Ansible
29 183 (12.75%) Hyper-V
30 181 (12.61%) MS Exchange

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 181 (12.61%) MS Exchange
2 119 (8.29%) SharePoint
3 106 (7.39%) Confluence
4 50 (3.48%) Exchange Server 2013
4 50 (3.48%) IIS
5 49 (3.41%) nginx
6 37 (2.58%) Apache
7 28 (1.95%) Tomcat
8 18 (1.25%) Cloud Foundry
9 13 (0.91%) ejabberd
9 13 (0.91%) Exchange Server 2010
10 12 (0.84%) Elasticsearch
11 11 (0.77%) Skype for Business
12 6 (0.42%) Apache Spark
13 4 (0.28%) BizTalk Server
13 4 (0.28%) OpenStack
13 4 (0.28%) SAS
14 3 (0.21%) CMS
14 3 (0.21%) Sitecore CMS
14 3 (0.21%) WordPress
Applications
1 167 (11.64%) Microsoft Office
2 34 (2.37%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (1.05%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (0.42%) Gephi
4 6 (0.42%) MicroStation
4 6 (0.42%) Revit
5 3 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.21%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 28 (1.95%) Remedy ITSM
2 5 (0.35%) Relativity
3 3 (0.21%) Endur
3 3 (0.21%) Exchequer
3 3 (0.21%) FastStats
3 3 (0.21%) Magento
3 3 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
3 3 (0.21%) Sage 200
3 3 (0.21%) Sage 300 ERP
3 3 (0.21%) Sage CRM
3 3 (0.21%) Sentinel
3 3 (0.21%) Unica
4 2 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.070%) BASE24
5 1 (0.070%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.070%) Dynamics GP
5 1 (0.070%) Oracle CRM
5 1 (0.070%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.070%) SAP Business One
5 1 (0.070%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 496 (34.56%) Azure
2 451 (31.43%) Microsoft 365
3 278 (19.37%) AWS
4 118 (8.22%) IaaS
5 112 (7.80%) Azure Active Directory
6 110 (7.67%) PaaS
7 101 (7.04%) SaaS
8 58 (4.04%) GCP
9 57 (3.97%) OneDrive
10 54 (3.76%) Cloud Computing
11 46 (3.21%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 33 (2.30%) GitHub
13 32 (2.23%) Amazon EC2
13 32 (2.23%) Mimecast
14 28 (1.95%) Azure Service Bus
14 28 (1.95%) Power Platform
15 22 (1.53%) Azure Storage
16 20 (1.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 19 (1.32%) Azure App Service
18 14 (0.98%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 863 (60.14%) Firewall
2 409 (28.50%) DNS
3 384 (26.76%) WAN
4 374 (26.06%) LAN
5 301 (20.98%) DHCP
6 276 (19.23%) VLAN
7 274 (19.09%) TCP/IP
8 205 (14.29%) OSPF
9 170 (11.85%) Network Security
10 163 (11.36%) BGP
11 157 (10.94%) MPLS
12 134 (9.34%) Wireless
13 130 (9.06%) VoIP
14 127 (8.85%) SSL
15 125 (8.71%) SAN
16 123 (8.57%) IPsec
17 119 (8.29%) Internet
18 118 (8.22%) Wi-Fi
19 101 (7.04%) IPv4
20 90 (6.27%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 138 (9.62%) SQL Server
2 30 (2.09%) Amazon RDS
3 27 (1.88%) Big Data
4 20 (1.39%) PostgreSQL
5 14 (0.98%) Power BI
5 14 (0.98%) SQL Server 2012
6 13 (0.91%) MySQL
7 12 (0.84%) Tableau
8 10 (0.70%) NoSQL
8 10 (0.70%) Oracle Database
8 10 (0.70%) Relational Database
9 7 (0.49%) Azure SQL Database
9 7 (0.49%) Blockchain
9 7 (0.49%) Data Warehouse
9 7 (0.49%) MariaDB
9 7 (0.49%) Redis
9 7 (0.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 6 (0.42%) SQL Server 2005
10 6 (0.42%) SQL Server 2016
10 6 (0.42%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 155 (10.80%) JIRA
2 111 (7.74%) Git (software)
3 64 (4.46%) Subversion
4 35 (2.44%) Jenkins
5 25 (1.74%) Bitbucket
6 17 (1.18%) Team Foundation Server
6 17 (1.18%) Visual Studio Team System
7 14 (0.98%) GitLab
8 11 (0.77%) Sonatype Nexus
9 8 (0.56%) Burp Suite
9 8 (0.56%) Metasploit
10 6 (0.42%) Android Studio
10 6 (0.42%) Bitbucket Server
10 6 (0.42%) git-flow
10 6 (0.42%) VSS/SourceSafe
10 6 (0.42%) WinDbg
10 6 (0.42%) Xcode
11 5 (0.35%) SonarQube
11 5 (0.35%) Visual Studio
12 4 (0.28%) Oracle APEX
General
1 380 (26.48%) Social Skills
2 161 (11.22%) Finance
3 122 (8.50%) Analytical Skills
4 92 (6.41%) Telecoms
5 83 (5.78%) Organisational Skills
6 56 (3.90%) Legal
7 53 (3.69%) Public Sector
8 34 (2.37%) Banking
9 33 (2.30%) Manufacturing
10 31 (2.16%) Presentation Skills
11 30 (2.09%) Marketing
12 28 (1.95%) Law
13 22 (1.53%) Documentation Skills
14 20 (1.39%) Electronics
15 19 (1.32%) Games
16 17 (1.18%) Influencing Skills
17 11 (0.77%) Aerospace
18 10 (0.70%) Billing
18 10 (0.70%) Local Government
19 9 (0.63%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 272 (18.95%) Network Engineer
2 190 (13.24%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 161 (11.22%) Analyst
4 131 (9.13%) Support Engineer
5 89 (6.20%) IT Support
6 87 (6.06%) Architect
7 86 (5.99%) 3rd Line Engineer
8 81 (5.64%) IT Engineer
8 81 (5.64%) Support Analyst
9 75 (5.23%) Systems Engineer
10 69 (4.81%) Cloud Engineer
11 68 (4.74%) Administrator
11 68 (4.74%) Consultant
12 65 (4.53%) IT Analyst
13 62 (4.32%) Linux Engineer
13 62 (4.32%) Senior Network Engineer
14 58 (4.04%) Security Engineer
14 58 (4.04%) Systems Administrator
15 51 (3.55%) Azure Engineer
16 50 (3.48%) 3rd Line Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 155 (10.80%) Web Services
2 46 (3.21%) LDAP
3 42 (2.93%) SOAP
4 40 (2.79%) HTML
5 38 (2.65%) 802.1X
6 34 (2.37%) XML
7 29 (2.02%) .NET
8 24 (1.67%) RESTful
9 23 (1.60%) CSS
10 21 (1.46%) .NET Core
11 20 (1.39%) XMPP
12 19 (1.32%) Ajax
13 18 (1.25%) RabbitMQ
14 17 (1.18%) ActiveMQ
15 16 (1.11%) CGI
15 16 (1.11%) JSON
16 13 (0.91%) LAMP
17 11 (0.77%) Elastic Stack
17 11 (0.77%) ODBC
18 9 (0.63%) LEMP Stack
Miscellaneous
1 144 (10.03%) Data Centre
2 98 (6.83%) Public Cloud
3 91 (6.34%) Management Information System
4 81 (5.64%) Self-Motivation
5 62 (4.32%) Hybrid Cloud
6 43 (3.00%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 38 (2.65%) User Experience
8 31 (2.16%) Linux Command Line
9 29 (2.02%) PKI
10 27 (1.88%) iPhone
10 27 (1.88%) Private Cloud
11 26 (1.81%) Video Conferencing
12 25 (1.74%) Driving Licence
13 24 (1.67%) SCADA
14 23 (1.60%) CMDB
15 21 (1.46%) Clustering
16 19 (1.32%) Fat Client
16 19 (1.32%) Renewable Energy
16 19 (1.32%) Thin Client
17 17 (1.18%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 721 (50.24%) Windows
2 392 (27.32%) Windows Server
3 391 (27.25%) Linux
4 220 (15.33%) Windows 10
5 169 (11.78%) Windows Server 2016
6 160 (11.15%) Windows Server 2012
7 115 (8.01%) Windows Server 2019
8 94 (6.55%) Windows Server 2008
9 86 (5.99%) Ubuntu
10 77 (5.37%) CentOS
11 74 (5.16%) Windows 7
12 70 (4.88%) Unix
13 69 (4.81%) Android
14 42 (2.93%) Windows 8
15 36 (2.51%) Apple iOS
16 34 (2.37%) Mac OS
17 31 (2.16%) Debian
18 29 (2.02%) VMS
19 26 (1.81%) Windows Server 2003
20 21 (1.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 340 (23.69%) ITIL
2 236 (16.45%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 210 (14.63%) DevOps
4 190 (13.24%) Agile Software Development
5 169 (11.78%) Problem-Solving
6 168 (11.71%) Service Management
7 127 (8.85%) Scrum
8 122 (8.50%) Configuration Management
9 119 (8.29%) Infrastructure as Code
10 113 (7.87%) Machine Learning
11 108 (7.53%) Disaster Recovery
11 108 (7.53%) Mentoring
12 104 (7.25%) Migration
13 101 (7.04%) Data Science
14 100 (6.97%) Cybersecurity
14 100 (6.97%) Load Balancing
15 99 (6.90%) Task Automation
16 90 (6.27%) Cyber Intelligence
17 89 (6.20%) DevSecOps
18 88 (6.13%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 337 (23.48%) PowerShell
2 169 (11.78%) Python
3 153 (10.66%) Bash Shell
4 137 (9.55%) SQL
5 44 (3.07%) C
6 43 (3.00%) JavaScript
7 37 (2.58%) Java
7 37 (2.58%) PHP
8 29 (2.02%) Perl
9 25 (1.74%) R
10 16 (1.11%) VB
11 12 (0.84%) Shell Script
12 11 (0.77%) Scala
13 9 (0.63%) C#
13 9 (0.63%) Ruby
13 9 (0.63%) T-SQL
14 8 (0.56%) Lua
14 8 (0.56%) VBScript
15 7 (0.49%) C++
16 6 (0.42%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 251 (17.49%) Cisco Certification
2 164 (11.43%) CCNA
3 144 (10.03%) CCNP
4 126 (8.78%) Degree
5 100 (6.97%) Security Cleared
6 74 (5.16%) Microsoft Certification
7 56 (3.90%) SC Cleared
8 52 (3.62%) CISSP
9 42 (2.93%) GIAC
10 41 (2.86%) Computer Science Degree
11 36 (2.51%) AWS Certification
11 36 (2.51%) RHCE
12 34 (2.37%) JNCIP
13 33 (2.30%) MCSE
14 27 (1.88%) CCIE
15 23 (1.60%) DV Cleared
16 22 (1.53%) CISM
16 22 (1.53%) MCP
17 21 (1.46%) ITIL Certification
18 19 (1.32%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 92 (6.41%) SLA
2 58 (4.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 29 (2.02%) NIST
4 28 (1.95%) GDPR
5 19 (1.32%) QA
6 10 (0.70%) Cyber Essentials
7 9 (0.63%) GRC
7 9 (0.63%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 7 (0.49%) COBIT
9 6 (0.42%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 5 (0.35%) PCI DSS
11 4 (0.28%) GLBA
11 4 (0.28%) NCSC
12 3 (0.21%) ISO 9001
13 2 (0.14%) ISO 22301
13 2 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 2 (0.14%) NIST 800
13 2 (0.14%) SOC 2
14 1 (0.070%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 548 (38.19%) Active Directory
2 300 (20.91%) VMware Infrastructure
3 183 (12.75%) Hyper-V
4 143 (9.97%) Docker
5 104 (7.25%) VMware ESXi
6 43 (3.00%) Terminal Server
7 40 (2.79%) vSphere
8 38 (2.65%) XenDesktop
9 37 (2.58%) Virtual Machines
10 35 (2.44%) XenApp
11 33 (2.30%) iptables
12 32 (2.23%) Virtual Desktop
13 30 (2.09%) Firmware
14 29 (2.02%) KVM
15 27 (1.88%) Virtual Servers
16 19 (1.32%) QEMU
16 19 (1.32%) VMware NSX
17 15 (1.05%) Postfix
18 13 (0.91%) Kamailio
19 11 (0.77%) NFS
Systems Management
1 184 (12.82%) Ansible
2 150 (10.45%) Puppet
3 81 (5.64%) Kubernetes
4 75 (5.23%) Terraform
5 74 (5.16%) Microsoft Intune
6 73 (5.09%) SCCM
7 44 (3.07%) Active Directory Federation Services
8 41 (2.86%) ZABBIX
9 35 (2.44%) Nagios
10 34 (2.37%) HAProxy
11 30 (2.09%) FortiGate
11 30 (2.09%) SCOM
12 25 (1.74%) Single Sign-On
13 24 (1.67%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
14 21 (1.46%) Cisco CUCM
15 19 (1.32%) Galera Cluster
15 19 (1.32%) HP UCMDB
16 17 (1.18%) Failover Clustering
17 16 (1.11%) Backup Exec
17 16 (1.11%) Grafana
Vendors
1 662 (46.13%) Microsoft
2 462 (32.20%) Cisco
3 395 (27.53%) VMware
4 165 (11.50%) Citrix
5 129 (8.99%) Palo Alto
6 109 (7.60%) HP
7 106 (7.39%) Juniper
8 93 (6.48%) CheckPoint
9 88 (6.13%) Meraki
10 84 (5.85%) Oracle
11 69 (4.81%) F5
12 63 (4.39%) Fortinet
13 62 (4.32%) Google
14 60 (4.18%) ServiceNow
15 56 (3.90%) Red Hat
16 55 (3.83%) Veeam
17 51 (3.55%) Sophos
18 50 (3.48%) SolarWinds
19 49 (3.41%) Dell
20 44 (3.07%) Remedy