Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK > England
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 223 199 205
Rank change year-on-year -24 +6 +11
Permanent jobs citing VPN 1,082 1,798 2,405
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.47% 1.72% 1.74%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 11.20% 11.30% 11.24%
Number of salaries quoted 840 1,459 1,928
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £25,500
25th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £32,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% - -5.26%
75th Percentile £63,750 £63,750 £60,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £72,500
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -5.26%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 9,661 15,911 21,390
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 13.14% 15.19% 15.50%
Number of salaries quoted 7,406 12,836 16,698
10th Percentile £28,500 £26,250 £26,250
25th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +1.06%
75th Percentile £66,250 £63,750 £62,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in England

VPN
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Salary trend for VPN in England

VPN
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Salary histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the England region over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -61 340 £57,000 +3.64% 85
North of England +13 213 £42,500 +2.41% 37
South East -11 209 £47,500 +9.83% 45
Midlands -3 122 £46,250 +42.31% 44
South West -16 119 £32,500 -13.33% 26
Yorkshire +17 112 £37,500 -11.76% 18
West Midlands -14 88 £50,000 +53.85% 30
North West -2 80 £45,000 +12.50% 14
East of England +7 58 £45,000 +1.12% 4
East Midlands +32 31 £35,632 -4.98% 14
North East +10 21 £32,500 -21.69% 5
VPN
UK

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for VPN.

1 704 (65.06%) Firewall
2 532 (49.17%) Windows
3 451 (41.68%) Microsoft
4 418 (38.63%) Active Directory
5 347 (32.07%) Azure
6 341 (31.52%) Microsoft 365
7 333 (30.78%) Cisco
8 330 (30.50%) WAN
9 322 (29.76%) DNS
10 311 (28.74%) VMware
11 300 (27.73%) LAN
12 279 (25.79%) Windows Server
13 276 (25.51%) Linux
14 268 (24.77%) ITIL
15 259 (23.94%) VMware Infrastructure
16 254 (23.48%) DHCP
17 253 (23.38%) TCP/IP
18 252 (23.29%) VLAN
19 251 (23.20%) AWS
20 221 (20.43%) PowerShell
21 212 (19.59%) Cisco Certification
22 177 (16.36%) Network Security
23 176 (16.27%) OSPF
24 164 (15.16%) Infrastructure Engineering
25 160 (14.79%) DevOps
26 150 (13.86%) Ansible
27 148 (13.68%) Hyper-V
27 148 (13.68%) BGP
28 146 (13.49%) CCNP
28 146 (13.49%) Windows 10

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 120 (11.09%) MS Exchange
2 91 (8.41%) SharePoint
3 68 (6.28%) Confluence
4 37 (3.42%) IIS
5 33 (3.05%) Exchange Server 2013
6 26 (2.40%) Apache
7 24 (2.22%) nginx
8 18 (1.66%) Tomcat
9 16 (1.48%) Exchange Server 2010
10 12 (1.11%) Skype for Business
11 11 (1.02%) ejabberd
12 10 (0.92%) Elasticsearch
13 9 (0.83%) Apache Spark
13 9 (0.83%) BizTalk Server
14 2 (0.18%) Cloud Foundry
14 2 (0.18%) CMS
14 2 (0.18%) IBM Domino
14 2 (0.18%) IBM Notes
14 2 (0.18%) OpenStack
14 2 (0.18%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 106 (9.80%) Microsoft Office
2 17 (1.57%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.92%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.55%) Gephi
6 1 (0.092%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 19 (1.76%) Remedy ITSM
2 4 (0.37%) Relativity
3 3 (0.28%) Eikon
3 3 (0.28%) Endur
3 3 (0.28%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.092%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.092%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.092%) Magento
5 1 (0.092%) Oracle CRM
5 1 (0.092%) Sage 200
5 1 (0.092%) Sage 300 ERP
5 1 (0.092%) Sage CRM
5 1 (0.092%) Sage X3
5 1 (0.092%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 347 (32.07%) Azure
2 341 (31.52%) Microsoft 365
3 251 (23.20%) AWS
4 96 (8.87%) Azure Active Directory
5 76 (7.02%) IaaS
6 73 (6.75%) PaaS
7 69 (6.38%) SaaS
8 54 (4.99%) GCP
9 33 (3.05%) Cloud Computing
10 32 (2.96%) Amazon EC2
11 30 (2.77%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 29 (2.68%) OneDrive
13 28 (2.59%) Mimecast
14 27 (2.50%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 18 (1.66%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 16 (1.48%) Power Platform
17 15 (1.39%) Amazon ECS
17 15 (1.39%) Dynamics 365
18 14 (1.29%) AWS CloudFormation
19 13 (1.20%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 704 (65.06%) Firewall
2 330 (30.50%) WAN
3 322 (29.76%) DNS
4 300 (27.73%) LAN
5 254 (23.48%) DHCP
6 253 (23.38%) TCP/IP
7 252 (23.29%) VLAN
8 177 (16.36%) Network Security
9 176 (16.27%) OSPF
10 148 (13.68%) BGP
11 140 (12.94%) MPLS
12 128 (11.83%) Wireless
13 115 (10.63%) VoIP
14 106 (9.80%) IPsec
15 94 (8.69%) SSL
16 91 (8.41%) Wi-Fi
17 84 (7.76%) Internet
18 81 (7.49%) SAN
19 65 (6.01%) IPv4
20 61 (5.64%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 89 (8.23%) SQL Server
2 32 (2.96%) Amazon RDS
3 16 (1.48%) MySQL
4 12 (1.11%) Big Data
5 11 (1.02%) SQL Server 2008
6 9 (0.83%) Apache Hive
6 9 (0.83%) Blockchain
6 9 (0.83%) Impala
6 9 (0.83%) Relational Database
7 8 (0.74%) NoSQL
8 7 (0.65%) Power BI
8 7 (0.65%) SQL Server 2012
9 6 (0.55%) Azure SQL Database
9 6 (0.55%) MongoDB
9 6 (0.55%) PostgreSQL
9 6 (0.55%) Redis
10 5 (0.46%) Cosmos DB
10 5 (0.46%) Data Warehouse
10 5 (0.46%) Oracle Database
11 4 (0.37%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 88 (8.13%) Git (software)
2 83 (7.67%) JIRA
3 50 (4.62%) Subversion
4 32 (2.96%) Bitbucket
5 30 (2.77%) Jenkins
6 14 (1.29%) GitLab
7 10 (0.92%) Sonatype Nexus
8 7 (0.65%) Bitbucket Server
8 7 (0.65%) Visual Studio
9 6 (0.55%) git-flow
10 5 (0.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 4 (0.37%) VSS/SourceSafe
12 3 (0.28%) Grunt
13 2 (0.18%) AutoIt
13 2 (0.18%) CircleCI
13 2 (0.18%) GDB
13 2 (0.18%) MSI
13 2 (0.18%) Team Foundation Server
13 2 (0.18%) Visual Studio Team System
14 1 (0.092%) Eclipse
General
1 113 (10.44%) Finance
2 78 (7.21%) Telecoms
3 28 (2.59%) Public Sector
4 22 (2.03%) Legal
5 18 (1.66%) Banking
5 18 (1.66%) Marketing
6 17 (1.57%) Games
6 17 (1.57%) Law
7 14 (1.29%) Digital Economy
8 13 (1.20%) Electronics
9 12 (1.11%) Manufacturing
10 8 (0.74%) Aerospace
11 5 (0.46%) Fire and Rescue
11 5 (0.46%) Military
11 5 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
11 5 (0.46%) Publishing
12 4 (0.37%) Automotive
13 3 (0.28%) Back Office
13 3 (0.28%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.28%) Retail
Job Titles
1 227 (20.98%) Network Engineer
2 130 (12.01%) Analyst
3 129 (11.92%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 105 (9.70%) Support Engineer
5 97 (8.96%) IT Engineer
6 91 (8.41%) Architect
7 74 (6.84%) IT Support
8 63 (5.82%) 3rd Line Engineer
9 61 (5.64%) Support Analyst
10 59 (5.45%) Senior Network Engineer
11 52 (4.81%) Cloud Engineer
11 52 (4.81%) Security Engineer
12 49 (4.53%) Consultant
13 48 (4.44%) IT Analyst
13 48 (4.44%) Linux Engineer
14 45 (4.16%) Systems Engineer
15 39 (3.60%) 2nd Line Support
16 38 (3.51%) IT Support Engineer
17 37 (3.42%) DevOps Engineer
18 33 (3.05%) 3rd Line Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 103 (9.52%) Web Services
2 33 (3.05%) HTML
3 30 (2.77%) 802.1X
4 28 (2.59%) CSS
5 27 (2.50%) LDAP
6 26 (2.40%) XML
7 25 (2.31%) SOAP
8 20 (1.85%) Ajax
9 14 (1.29%) .NET
9 14 (1.29%) XMPP
10 11 (1.02%) Elastic Stack
11 9 (0.83%) HTML5
11 9 (0.83%) Kafka
11 9 (0.83%) YAML
12 8 (0.74%) RESTful
13 6 (0.55%) .NET Core
13 6 (0.55%) Node.js
14 5 (0.46%) .NET Framework
14 5 (0.46%) Middleware
14 5 (0.46%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 110 (10.17%) Data Centre
2 89 (8.23%) Public Cloud
3 80 (7.39%) Analytical Skills
4 75 (6.93%) Management Information System
5 46 (4.25%) Self-Motivation
6 32 (2.96%) Hybrid Cloud
7 26 (2.40%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 25 (2.31%) PKI
9 22 (2.03%) CMDB
9 22 (2.03%) Replication
10 18 (1.66%) Driving Licence
11 17 (1.57%) Clustering
12 16 (1.48%) User Experience
13 13 (1.20%) Enterprise Storage
13 13 (1.20%) Mobile App
14 12 (1.11%) Fat Client
14 12 (1.11%) Thin Client
15 9 (0.83%) Cyberthreat
15 9 (0.83%) Greenfield Project
15 9 (0.83%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 532 (49.17%) Windows
2 279 (25.79%) Windows Server
3 276 (25.51%) Linux
4 146 (13.49%) Windows 10
5 99 (9.15%) Windows Server 2016
6 92 (8.50%) Windows Server 2012
7 75 (6.93%) Windows Server 2008
8 66 (6.10%) Ubuntu
9 63 (5.82%) Windows Server 2019
10 53 (4.90%) Unix
11 51 (4.71%) Windows 7
12 46 (4.25%) CentOS
13 44 (4.07%) Android
14 31 (2.87%) Mac OS
15 22 (2.03%) Windows 8
16 20 (1.85%) Apple iOS
17 15 (1.39%) Debian
17 15 (1.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
18 13 (1.20%) Mac OS X
19 10 (0.92%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 268 (24.77%) ITIL
2 164 (15.16%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 160 (14.79%) DevOps
4 129 (11.92%) Problem-Solving
5 113 (10.44%) Agile Software Development
6 107 (9.89%) Service Management
7 87 (8.04%) Migration
8 75 (6.93%) Infrastructure as Code
9 74 (6.84%) Configuration Management
10 73 (6.75%) Cybersecurity
11 71 (6.56%) Scrum
12 69 (6.38%) Task Automation
13 68 (6.28%) Disaster Recovery
14 67 (6.19%) DevSecOps
15 66 (6.10%) Load Balancing
16 65 (6.01%) Data Science
16 65 (6.01%) Machine Learning
17 64 (5.91%) Kalman Filter
18 60 (5.55%) Information Security
19 59 (5.45%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 221 (20.43%) PowerShell
2 126 (11.65%) Python
3 114 (10.54%) Bash Shell
4 90 (8.32%) SQL
5 42 (3.88%) PHP
6 34 (3.14%) C
7 33 (3.05%) JavaScript
8 22 (2.03%) Perl
9 13 (1.20%) Java
10 11 (1.02%) R
11 10 (0.92%) C#
12 9 (0.83%) VB
13 4 (0.37%) Ruby
14 3 (0.28%) Groovy
14 3 (0.28%) VBA
15 2 (0.18%) ABAP
15 2 (0.18%) C-shell
15 2 (0.18%) Delphi
15 2 (0.18%) Tcl
15 2 (0.18%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 212 (19.59%) Cisco Certification
2 146 (13.49%) CCNP
3 114 (10.54%) CCNA
4 87 (8.04%) Degree
5 68 (6.28%) Security Cleared
6 60 (5.55%) Microsoft Certification
7 47 (4.34%) CISSP
8 45 (4.16%) JNCIP
9 44 (4.07%) SC Cleared
10 31 (2.87%) AWS Certification
10 31 (2.87%) GIAC
11 27 (2.50%) CISM
12 26 (2.40%) MCSE
13 25 (2.31%) RHCE
14 24 (2.22%) CCIE
14 24 (2.22%) Computer Science Degree
15 22 (2.03%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 21 (1.94%) MCSA
17 20 (1.85%) CISA
18 17 (1.57%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 82 (7.58%) SLA
2 61 (5.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 37 (3.42%) GDPR
4 23 (2.13%) NIST
5 15 (1.39%) PCI DSS
6 14 (1.29%) QA
7 9 (0.83%) COBIT
8 6 (0.55%) Cyber Essentials
8 6 (0.55%) GRC
9 5 (0.46%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 4 (0.37%) NCSC
11 3 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 3 (0.28%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.18%) NIST 800
12 2 (0.18%) SOC 2
13 1 (0.092%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 1 (0.092%) SOC 3
System Software
1 418 (38.63%) Active Directory
2 259 (23.94%) VMware Infrastructure
3 148 (13.68%) Hyper-V
4 101 (9.33%) Docker
5 80 (7.39%) VMware ESXi
6 34 (3.14%) Firmware
7 33 (3.05%) XenDesktop
8 31 (2.87%) XenApp
9 28 (2.59%) vSphere
10 22 (2.03%) Terminal Server
11 19 (1.76%) iptables
11 19 (1.76%) Virtual Machines
12 17 (1.57%) BitLocker
12 17 (1.57%) NFS
12 17 (1.57%) VMware NSX
13 16 (1.48%) KVM
14 15 (1.39%) Virtual Servers
15 14 (1.29%) QEMU
16 13 (1.20%) Postfix
17 12 (1.11%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 150 (13.86%) Ansible
2 109 (10.07%) Puppet
3 71 (6.56%) SCCM
4 60 (5.55%) Terraform
5 49 (4.53%) Kubernetes
5 49 (4.53%) Microsoft Intune
6 32 (2.96%) FortiGate
7 29 (2.68%) Nagios
8 28 (2.59%) SCOM
9 24 (2.22%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
9 24 (2.22%) ZABBIX
10 19 (1.76%) HP UCMDB
11 18 (1.66%) HAProxy
12 16 (1.48%) Nessus
12 16 (1.48%) WSUS
13 15 (1.39%) Grafana
13 15 (1.39%) Prometheus
14 14 (1.29%) Backup Exec
14 14 (1.29%) Galera Cluster
14 14 (1.29%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 451 (41.68%) Microsoft
2 333 (30.78%) Cisco
3 311 (28.74%) VMware
4 115 (10.63%) Palo Alto
5 114 (10.54%) Citrix
6 100 (9.24%) HP
7 91 (8.41%) Juniper
8 82 (7.58%) CheckPoint
9 67 (6.19%) F5
10 66 (6.10%) Fortinet
11 63 (5.82%) Oracle
12 62 (5.73%) Google
13 54 (4.99%) Sophos
14 47 (4.34%) Veeam
15 44 (4.07%) Meraki
16 40 (3.70%) Apple
16 40 (3.70%) McAfee
17 38 (3.51%) SolarWinds
18 37 (3.42%) Aruba
18 37 (3.42%) SonicWALL