Period
to 28 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 28 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK > England
6 months to
28 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 215 207 191
Rank change year-on-year -8 -16 +27
Permanent jobs citing VPN 1,748 730 2,522
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.61% 1.65% 1.96%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 12.31% 10.57% 12.36%
Number of salaries quoted 1,373 595 1,832
10th Percentile £25,550 £28,500 £25,000
25th Percentile £32,500 £36,896 £31,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £45,000 £50,500 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year -10.89% +12.22% -
75th Percentile £62,500 £70,000 £61,250
90th Percentile £78,750 £85,000 £76,250
UK median annual salary £46,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -8.00% +11.11% -

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 14,199 6,905 20,398
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 13.11% 15.62% 15.83%
Number of salaries quoted 9,847 5,669 15,810
10th Percentile £27,500 £30,750 £25,750
25th Percentile £36,250 £38,000 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £52,500 £46,500
Median % change year-on-year -4.76% +12.90% -2.11%
75th Percentile £68,750 £69,250 £62,500
90th Percentile £83,750 £82,500 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £45,500
% change year-on-year -4.76% +15.38% -4.21%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in England

VPN
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Salary trend for VPN in England

VPN
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Salary histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the England region over the 6 months to 28 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -79 609 £55,000 -15.38% 105
South East +39 442 £45,000 -12.20% 83
North of England -27 277 £42,750 -3.93% 71
Midlands -49 190 £37,500 -16.67% 60
South West -26 152 £36,500 -2.67% 39
Yorkshire -18 131 £45,000 +12.50% 18
North West -37 131 £42,500 -19.05% 43
West Midlands -73 116 £41,250 -8.33% 38
East of England -50 80 £45,000 +50.00% 24
East Midlands -12 72 £37,500 -16.67% 21
North East -7 35 £43,500 -13.00% 10
VPN
UK

For the 6 months to 28 September 2021, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for VPN.

1 1,019 (58.30%) Firewall
2 945 (54.06%) Windows
3 819 (46.85%) Microsoft
4 710 (40.62%) Active Directory
5 669 (38.27%) Microsoft 365
6 660 (37.76%) Azure
7 582 (33.30%) Cisco
8 523 (29.92%) DNS
9 512 (29.29%) Windows Server
10 499 (28.55%) Social Skills
11 446 (25.51%) WAN
12 419 (23.97%) Linux
13 413 (23.63%) LAN
14 394 (22.54%) VMware
15 390 (22.31%) DHCP
16 343 (19.62%) ITIL
17 333 (19.05%) Windows 10
18 327 (18.71%) TCP/IP
19 322 (18.42%) PowerShell
20 294 (16.82%) AWS
21 291 (16.65%) Cisco Certification
22 271 (15.50%) VMware Infrastructure
23 258 (14.76%) VLAN
23 258 (14.76%) Infrastructure Engineering
24 251 (14.36%) Finance
25 232 (13.27%) DevOps
25 232 (13.27%) Problem-Solving
26 227 (12.99%) Hyper-V
26 227 (12.99%) Microsoft Office
27 204 (11.67%) MS Exchange

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 204 (11.67%) MS Exchange
2 150 (8.58%) SharePoint
3 68 (3.89%) Confluence
4 60 (3.43%) IIS
5 55 (3.15%) Exchange Server 2013
6 46 (2.63%) nginx
7 37 (2.12%) Apache
8 27 (1.54%) Cloud Foundry
9 24 (1.37%) Exchange Server 2010
10 23 (1.32%) Elasticsearch
10 23 (1.32%) Skype for Business
10 23 (1.32%) Tomcat
11 12 (0.69%) CMS
12 11 (0.63%) Sitecore CMS
12 11 (0.63%) Umbraco
12 11 (0.63%) WordPress
13 9 (0.51%) Exchange Server 2007
14 6 (0.34%) SAS
15 5 (0.29%) OpenStack
16 4 (0.23%) ejabberd
Applications
1 227 (12.99%) Microsoft Office
2 58 (3.32%) Microsoft Excel
3 39 (2.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (0.69%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 6 (0.34%) MicroStation
5 6 (0.34%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.34%) Revit
6 4 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 30 (1.72%) Remedy ITSM
2 11 (0.63%) Sage 200
3 7 (0.40%) Relativity
3 7 (0.40%) Sentinel
4 6 (0.34%) Elite 3E
4 6 (0.34%) Unica
5 4 (0.23%) FastStats
5 4 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
5 4 (0.23%) Oracle Payables
6 3 (0.17%) Exchequer
6 3 (0.17%) Magento
6 3 (0.17%) Sage 300 ERP
6 3 (0.17%) Sage CRM
7 2 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.057%) BambooHR
8 1 (0.057%) BASE24
8 1 (0.057%) Carpe Diem
8 1 (0.057%) Dynamics GP
8 1 (0.057%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 669 (38.27%) Microsoft 365
2 660 (37.76%) Azure
3 294 (16.82%) AWS
4 155 (8.87%) Azure Active Directory
5 139 (7.95%) PaaS
6 138 (7.89%) IaaS
7 131 (7.49%) SaaS
8 78 (4.46%) OneDrive
9 67 (3.83%) GCP
10 62 (3.55%) Cloud Computing
11 57 (3.26%) GitHub
12 56 (3.20%) Mimecast
13 38 (2.17%) Power Platform
14 35 (2.00%) Amazon EC2
14 35 (2.00%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 33 (1.89%) Azure Service Bus
16 32 (1.83%) Azure Storage
17 28 (1.60%) AWS CloudFormation
17 28 (1.60%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 26 (1.49%) Azure App Service
Communications & Networking
1 1,019 (58.30%) Firewall
2 523 (29.92%) DNS
3 446 (25.51%) WAN
4 413 (23.63%) LAN
5 390 (22.31%) DHCP
6 327 (18.71%) TCP/IP
7 258 (14.76%) VLAN
8 192 (10.98%) BGP
9 191 (10.93%) MPLS
10 189 (10.81%) Wi-Fi
11 183 (10.47%) OSPF
12 182 (10.41%) Network Security
13 178 (10.18%) VoIP
14 152 (8.70%) IPsec
14 152 (8.70%) Wireless
15 145 (8.30%) SAN
16 116 (6.64%) SSL
17 109 (6.24%) Internet
18 94 (5.38%) Cisco ASA
19 93 (5.32%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 164 (9.38%) SQL Server
2 41 (2.35%) PostgreSQL
3 35 (2.00%) MySQL
4 29 (1.66%) NoSQL
5 24 (1.37%) Big Data
6 21 (1.20%) Azure SQL Database
7 20 (1.14%) Amazon RDS
8 19 (1.09%) Relational Database
8 19 (1.09%) SQL Server 2012
9 16 (0.92%) Power BI
10 15 (0.86%) MariaDB
10 15 (0.86%) Redis
11 14 (0.80%) SQL Server 2019
12 11 (0.63%) Oracle Database
12 11 (0.63%) RDBMS
12 11 (0.63%) Tableau
13 10 (0.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 10 (0.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 9 (0.51%) MarkLogic
15 6 (0.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 122 (6.98%) JIRA
2 74 (4.23%) Jenkins
3 70 (4.00%) Git (software)
4 40 (2.29%) GitLab
5 24 (1.37%) Subversion
6 20 (1.14%) Team Foundation Server
6 20 (1.14%) TeamCity
6 20 (1.14%) Visual Studio Team System
7 15 (0.86%) Sonatype Nexus
7 15 (0.86%) Visual Studio
8 11 (0.63%) Bitbucket
9 8 (0.46%) Burp Suite
9 8 (0.46%) Metasploit
10 7 (0.40%) Octopus Deploy
11 6 (0.34%) Android Studio
11 6 (0.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 6 (0.34%) Oracle APEX
11 6 (0.34%) VSS/SourceSafe
11 6 (0.34%) WinDbg
11 6 (0.34%) Xcode
General
1 499 (28.55%) Social Skills
2 251 (14.36%) Finance
3 124 (7.09%) Analytical Skills
4 97 (5.55%) Telecoms
5 80 (4.58%) Law
6 73 (4.18%) Legal
7 72 (4.12%) Organisational Skills
8 59 (3.38%) Public Sector
9 56 (3.20%) Manufacturing
10 43 (2.46%) Banking
11 38 (2.17%) Presentation Skills
12 34 (1.95%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 33 (1.89%) Marketing
14 27 (1.54%) Retail
15 24 (1.37%) Documentation Skills
16 20 (1.14%) Electronics
17 18 (1.03%) Aerospace
17 18 (1.03%) Games
17 18 (1.03%) Pharmaceutical
18 14 (0.80%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 337 (19.28%) Network Engineer
2 212 (12.13%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 208 (11.90%) Analyst
4 195 (11.16%) Support Engineer
5 133 (7.61%) IT Support
6 132 (7.55%) IT Engineer
7 111 (6.35%) Support Analyst
8 108 (6.18%) 3rd Line Engineer
9 95 (5.43%) Consultant
10 86 (4.92%) Security Engineer
11 77 (4.41%) Senior Network Engineer
12 76 (4.35%) Service Analyst
13 74 (4.23%) IT Analyst
14 72 (4.12%) Architect
15 71 (4.06%) 2nd Line Support
15 71 (4.06%) IT Support Engineer
16 70 (4.00%) Administrator
16 70 (4.00%) Service Desk Analyst
17 65 (3.72%) 3rd Line Support
17 65 (3.72%) IT Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 96 (5.49%) Web Services
2 40 (2.29%) LDAP
3 30 (1.72%) 802.1X
4 29 (1.66%) HTML
4 29 (1.66%) SOAP
5 28 (1.60%) .NET
6 27 (1.54%) RabbitMQ
7 23 (1.32%) LAMP
8 22 (1.26%) RESTful
9 20 (1.14%) .NET Core
9 20 (1.14%) ActiveMQ
10 19 (1.09%) LEMP Stack
11 18 (1.03%) XML
12 16 (0.92%) Elastic Stack
12 16 (0.92%) JSON
12 16 (0.92%) XMPP
13 15 (0.86%) LAPP Stack
14 13 (0.74%) Kafka
15 12 (0.69%) CSS
16 11 (0.63%) ODBC
Miscellaneous
1 192 (10.98%) Data Centre
2 113 (6.46%) Public Cloud
3 112 (6.41%) Self-Motivation
4 100 (5.72%) Management Information System
5 58 (3.32%) User Experience
6 52 (2.97%) Video Conferencing
7 45 (2.57%) Hybrid Cloud
8 43 (2.46%) Driving Licence
9 40 (2.29%) Linux Command Line
10 35 (2.00%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 34 (1.95%) PKI
12 33 (1.89%) Private Cloud
13 32 (1.83%) iPhone
14 27 (1.54%) Replication
15 26 (1.49%) SCADA
16 22 (1.26%) Cloud Native
16 22 (1.26%) Clustering
16 22 (1.26%) Renewable Energy
17 19 (1.09%) Blackberry
18 16 (0.92%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 945 (54.06%) Windows
2 512 (29.29%) Windows Server
3 419 (23.97%) Linux
4 333 (19.05%) Windows 10
5 204 (11.67%) Windows Server 2012
6 175 (10.01%) Windows Server 2016
7 151 (8.64%) Windows Server 2019
8 107 (6.12%) Windows 7
9 95 (5.43%) Android
10 75 (4.29%) Apple iOS
10 75 (4.29%) Windows Server 2008
11 67 (3.83%) CentOS
12 63 (3.60%) Unix
13 59 (3.38%) Mac OS
14 57 (3.26%) Ubuntu
15 49 (2.80%) Windows 8
16 41 (2.35%) VMS
17 40 (2.29%) Windows Server 2003
18 34 (1.95%) Mac OS X
19 33 (1.89%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 343 (19.62%) ITIL
2 258 (14.76%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 232 (13.27%) DevOps
3 232 (13.27%) Problem-Solving
4 197 (11.27%) Agile Software Development
5 150 (8.58%) Disaster Recovery
6 133 (7.61%) Service Management
7 128 (7.32%) Mentoring
8 123 (7.04%) Migration
9 118 (6.75%) Computer Science
10 114 (6.52%) ITSM
11 111 (6.35%) Service Delivery
12 110 (6.29%) Configuration Management
12 110 (6.29%) Project Management
13 108 (6.18%) Load Balancing
14 101 (5.78%) Infrastructure as Code
15 100 (5.72%) Cybersecurity
16 96 (5.49%) Presales
17 91 (5.21%) Project Delivery
18 89 (5.09%) Information Security
Programming Languages
1 322 (18.42%) PowerShell
2 199 (11.38%) Python
3 170 (9.73%) SQL
4 120 (6.86%) Bash Shell
5 47 (2.69%) Java
6 33 (1.89%) JavaScript
7 30 (1.72%) C
7 30 (1.72%) Shell Script
8 28 (1.60%) PHP
9 24 (1.37%) Perl
10 20 (1.14%) R
11 16 (0.92%) C#
12 15 (0.86%) T-SQL
13 13 (0.74%) VB
14 11 (0.63%) Scala
15 10 (0.57%) Go
16 9 (0.51%) Ruby
17 8 (0.46%) Lua
18 7 (0.40%) C++
18 7 (0.40%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 291 (16.65%) Cisco Certification
2 203 (11.61%) CCNA
3 178 (10.18%) Degree
4 167 (9.55%) CCNP
5 136 (7.78%) Security Cleared
6 95 (5.43%) SC Cleared
7 89 (5.09%) Microsoft Certification
8 47 (2.69%) Computer Science Degree
9 44 (2.52%) CCIE
9 44 (2.52%) MCP
9 44 (2.52%) MCSA
10 38 (2.17%) MCSE
11 30 (1.72%) CISSP
12 29 (1.66%) AWS Certification
13 26 (1.49%) A+ Certification
13 26 (1.49%) DV Cleared
14 23 (1.32%) JNCIA
15 22 (1.26%) JNCIP
15 22 (1.26%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 20 (1.14%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 155 (8.87%) SLA
2 71 (4.06%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 39 (2.23%) GDPR
4 22 (1.26%) NIST
5 18 (1.03%) QA
6 17 (0.97%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 9 (0.51%) Cyber Essentials
8 8 (0.46%) COBIT
8 8 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 7 (0.40%) ISO 9001
10 5 (0.29%) SOC 2
11 4 (0.23%) GLBA
11 4 (0.23%) GRC
12 3 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 2 (0.11%) Accessibility
13 2 (0.11%) ISO 22301
13 2 (0.11%) PCI DSS
14 1 (0.057%) Disclosure Scotland
14 1 (0.057%) ISO 8583
14 1 (0.057%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 710 (40.62%) Active Directory
2 271 (15.50%) VMware Infrastructure
3 227 (12.99%) Hyper-V
4 151 (8.64%) Docker
5 78 (4.46%) VMware ESXi
6 43 (2.46%) Virtual Machines
7 40 (2.29%) vSphere
8 38 (2.17%) Virtual Desktop
9 36 (2.06%) KVM
10 35 (2.00%) Virtual Servers
10 35 (2.00%) XenApp
11 31 (1.77%) Terminal Server
11 31 (1.77%) XenDesktop
12 30 (1.72%) Firmware
13 27 (1.54%) iptables
14 18 (1.03%) Terminal Services
15 15 (0.86%) BitLocker
16 13 (0.74%) VMware NSX
16 13 (0.74%) VMware Server
17 8 (0.46%) QEMU
Systems Management
1 165 (9.44%) Microsoft Intune
2 157 (8.98%) SCCM
3 139 (7.95%) Ansible
4 120 (6.86%) Terraform
5 116 (6.64%) Kubernetes
6 114 (6.52%) Puppet
7 54 (3.09%) Nagios
8 37 (2.12%) ZABBIX
9 36 (2.06%) FortiGate
10 27 (1.54%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 26 (1.49%) Grafana
12 25 (1.43%) Cisco CUCM
13 24 (1.37%) Prometheus
14 23 (1.32%) Backup Exec
14 23 (1.32%) Opscode Chef
14 23 (1.32%) Single Sign-On
15 22 (1.26%) HAProxy
16 21 (1.20%) Failover Clustering
16 21 (1.20%) Jamf Pro
17 20 (1.14%) WSUS
Vendors
1 819 (46.85%) Microsoft
2 582 (33.30%) Cisco
3 394 (22.54%) VMware
4 184 (10.53%) Citrix
5 153 (8.75%) Palo Alto
6 130 (7.44%) Meraki
7 117 (6.69%) Juniper
8 95 (5.43%) SolarWinds
9 92 (5.26%) CheckPoint
10 90 (5.15%) HP
11 78 (4.46%) Dell
12 75 (4.29%) Apple
13 73 (4.18%) Veeam
14 71 (4.06%) ServiceNow
15 70 (4.00%) Oracle
16 66 (3.78%) Sophos
17 64 (3.66%) Fortinet
18 62 (3.55%) F5
18 62 (3.55%) Google
19 55 (3.15%) Red Hat